Major Oceans

The three major oceans are : 1._______1._______-largest, deepest, coldest, least salty. 2.__________2.__________- second largest, shallow, warm, salty. 3. _________- intermediate in depth, _________temperature, and salinity. The _______Ocean near the north pole, and the ____________ Ocean near the south pole contain vast expanses of sea ice.

_____________ maps ocean floor topography by timing how long it takes sound waves to bounce off the ocean floor.Methods of Studying the Ocean The Topex/Poseidon _____________ orbits 1331 km above the Earth. . Underwater vessels called _________________ investigate the deepest ocean trenches. gathering information about the oceans.

454 m/s divided by 2 ) .Sonar (also called echo-sounding) echoSound waves travel how fast in seawater? How deep is the water if it takes ten seconds for the sound wave to go from ship to ocean floor and back to ship? Calculation: (10 s times 1.

The picture below is of a _____________. .

000 ml water. Near the poles salinity is __________ than average due to _______________. but there are many other salts present in the form of ions. for every 1. Therefore. The most abundant salt in seawater is ________. The average salinity of seawater is _____ ppt. there are ___ grams of dissolved salts.Salinity The amount of salt per unit water is known as salinity. Near the equator salinity is __________ than average due to ___________________. . In the Mediterranean the salinity is __________than average due to __________.

36 ppt . 34 ppt C. 35 ppt B.The salinity here would likely be: A.

and why might this be beneficial? .Colorful Seawater What makes the ocean water in the picture to the left different colors? differences in depth Why would a shrimp that appears bright red at the surface appear black at greater depths.

.Seafloor Topography A Match the following terms to their correct letter in the diagram: H . Island Continental shelf Continental slope Abyssal plain Seamount B F E C . . . Continental rise Trench Guyot D D G . . .

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