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doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2006.10.019 | How to Cite or Link Using DOI
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Symptoms of Skin allergy & its Treatment
Rocío Sotillo1, Eva Hernando 2, Elena Díaz-Rodríguez1, Julie Teruya-Feldstein2, Carlos Cordón-Cardo2, Scott W. Lowe3 and Robert Benezra1,
Author: Scott W. Lowe (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1 Bungtown Road, Cold Spring Harbor,
Referred to by: Rb Loss Causes of Skin Allergies skin Cell, Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 1-3,
Allergies are caused by an over-reaction of the immune system to a particular substance or allergen. Allergies, also called allergic reactions, are common, and there are a variety of types of allergies. They include food allergies, respiratory allergies and skin allergies, which can result in such conditions as eczema and contact dermatitis.
The immune system is made up of special cells that circulate throughout the body to defend the body against foreign substances, such as viruses and bacteria. For people with allergies, the immune system is overzealous and reacts when they inhale, swallow or touch normally harmless substances, such as pollen or dust. This results in the release of the chemical histamine, which causes the swelling, inflammation, and itching of tissues that is characteristic of allergies.
Almost any substance can cause allergies in a person who is sensitive to that particular substance. People with allergies are often allergic to more than one substance. Common allergies include those to dust, pollen, mold spores, animal dander, bee stings, and cockroach or dust mite droppings. Some people may also have allergies to certain plants, some
A blood test called a radioallergosorbent test (RAST) may also be done to help identify the substances that are causing certain allergies. exposure to an allergen can cause a wide variety of symptoms. and other measures. Diagnostic testing may include skin patch testing. When a person has allergies.. Treatment may include a combination of lifestyle changes. depending on the specific allergies. such as eggs or milk. small amounts of common allergens are applied methodically to the skin to determine what substances are triggering an allergic response. a patient may also be asked to keep a log to record the types of foods that trigger an allergic reaction. The immune system is made up of special cells that circulate throughout the body to defend the body against foreign substances. Patient compliance with a good treatment plan can control symptoms of allergies to a degree that allows a person to live a normal active life. but for people with allergies. It is very possible that a diagnosis of allergies can be missed or delayed because symptoms can be similar to other conditions. Symptoms can affect the respiratory system. refer to misdiagnosis of allergies. which can be fatal. such as viruses and bacteria. or chemicals and other substances. swallow or touch harmless substances. For more information on treatment. such as pollen or dust. For suspected food allergies.. the skin and/or the gastrointestinal system.more » A respiratory allergy or allergic reaction is an over-reaction by the immune system to a particular substance.medications. and physical examination. such aspirin or penicillin. the immune system gets overzealous in its job and reacts when they inhale. A very severe allergic reaction is called an anaphylactic reaction. refer to symptoms of allergies. certain foods. medications. For more information on misdiagnosis. including symptoms. Almost any substance can become an allergen and cause an allergic . such as latex. In a patch test. This is a normal protective response. . or allergen. Making a diagnosis of allergies includes performing a complete evaluation that includes a medical history. For more information on symptoms and complications. refer to treatment of allergies. the type of exposure and the severity of the allergies.
the cardiovascular system. watery eyes.. On occasion. which can become severe and life threatening. nasal congestion. and the patient's age and medical history. nasal obstruction or congestion. and headache. although they are generally not curable. Hay fever is a . gastrointestinal system. Some patients also complain of itching in the throat and malaise. This results in wheezing. skin. can become life threatening and requires immediate medical intervention. and in severe cases. and build up and blockage by mucus. allergies are highly treatable. 2003 Allergic rhinitis: Signs and symptoms (Handbook of Diseases) With seasonal allergic rhinitis.. usually accompanied by pale. runny nose. A severe reaction. the key signs and symptoms are paroxysmal sneezing. coughing.more » Allergies: Symptoms People who have allergies can experience a wide variety of symptoms that can affect the respiratory system. shortness of breath. edematous nasal mucosa. sinus pressure. Symptoms can occur alone or in combination with other symptoms. and headache or sinus pain. red and edematous eyelids and conjunctivae. Respiratory allergies can also become serious for people with asthma. Allergens can trigger an asthma attack which results in constriction of the airways in the lungs. some young children might "grow out" of allergies. inflammation. Respiratory symptoms include sneezing.. . itchy.reaction in a person who is sensitive to that particular substance. profuse watery rhinorrhea. People with allergies are often allergic to more than one substance. Source: Handbook of Diseases. Treatment plans are also individualized to best address the specific cause and severity of the allergies. and pruritus of the nose and eyes. . also called an anaphylactic reaction. cyanotic.more » Allergies: Treatments The most effective treatment plan for allergies uses a multifaceted approach.. excessive lacrimation. In general.
conjunctivitis and other extranasal effects are rare. including sinusitis and nasal polyps .With perennial allergic rhinitis. The severity of signs and symptoms may vary from season to season and from year to year. particularly in children. dark circles may appear under the patient¶s eyes because of venous congestion in the maxillary sinuses. but chronic nasal obstruction is common and often extends to eustachian tube obstruction. Some patients may develop chronic complications. With both types of allergic rhinitis.