Missing Neighbors in WCDMA

Analysis Guide

July 2004

www.actix.com

All rights reserved.com .actix. Copyright © Actix 2004-2008. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation. www.The content of this manual is provided for information only. and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. is subject to change without notice. All trademarks are hereby acknowledged.

............................4 2 SETTINGS EXPLAINED ........................................................................................6 4 NEIGHBOR LIST RECOMMENDATIONS REPORT............Contents 1 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................5 3 MISSING NEIGHBORS EXAMPLE .... 10 6 DROPPED CALL ANALYSIS ............com ........................ 13 2 www............................................................................................................9 5 MISSING / REMOVE NEIGHBOR ATTRIBUTES ....................actix...............................................................

www.actix.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Introduction 4 1 Introduction Missing Neighbor Analysis is a fundamental aspect to WCDMA network optimization. Full control of the suggestion criteria is included to allow for changes in clutter. These suggestion criteria are described as follows: 2 Settings inside Tools > Preferences These criteria are applied to the scanned signal measurements to build a suggested list of cells. It should be performed as part of the rollout phase of a network to construct and/or optimize the adjacency lists of each cell. terrain and rollout phase of the network. and throughout the life of the network as changes to traffic and tilt affect the coverage pattern and interference interaction between the cells.com . Only cells which satisfy all criteria are included in the final list of suggested Missing Neighbors. Missing Neighbor Analysis in Actix Analyzer has been designed to allow engineers to generate a list of suggested Missing Neighbors and allow engineers to visualize the suggested cells on a map.

Set this value to 0 to disable this feature. The line-of-sight distance between the Nth_Best and suggested cell must be less than or equal to this value.2 Minimal Samples 50 Maximum Intersite Distance (metres) 5000 Angle to site threshold (degrees) 90 Include existing neighbors Disabled Only process first best SC Enabled www. This should be set to your network infrastructure s maximum adjacency list size. By disabling this feature. The maximum criteria applied to the angle between any point in the drive route and a suggested missing neighbor. the adjacency list of all cells that fall within the Reporting Range will also be analyzed. The percentage of samples of the suggested cell relative to the Nth_Best cell must at least equal this value to be suggested. This is to reduce stray signals affecting the choice. Increase this value for rural areas where the average intersite distance is naturally greater than a dense-urban environment. 2 Maximum size 32 Addition Threshold (%) 1 Removal Threshold (%) 0. or it will be recommended for removal. This is to ensure Missing Neighbors are not suggested from reflected signals / back-lobes. to validate the current adjacency list of each cell according to the scanner measurements. This feature controls whether the criteria is applied to existing neighbors.com . The percentage of samples that must be achieved for a cell in the current adjacency list of the Nth_Best cell. By selecting this option. Set this value to 0 to disable this feature. EcIo values must be within this offset of the Nth_Best cell to be included as a suggested cell. and ensure only cells angled towards the scanned drive are suggested.actix. This is to remove statistically invalid measurements from the suggestions. Maximum size of the suggested list. The minimum number of samples of the Nth_Best cell before it s neighbors will be analyzed.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Settings Explained 5 2 Settings Explained Criteria Reporting Range (dB) Default Value 5 Description EcIo offset applied to the Best EcIo value. the adjacency list of only the Nth_Best cells will be included in the creation of the suggested list.

Its adjacency list includes 101.com . the scanned list is as follows: SC 103 202 302 203 402 301 101 303 EcIo (dBm) -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -9 -11 -15 1 Note: The scanner reports SC numbers.actix. 201 and 202. at point “X”. SC 103 is the Nth_Best SC (CPICH_Scan_SC_SortedBy_EcIo_0). The closest cell to point “X” is at Site 11. so Analyzer selects the closest cell to the drive route at that time.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing Neighbors Example 6 3 Missing Neighbors Example The following example explains how the Missing Neighbors are calculated: 2 Example scanner measurement drive. with a matching SC. www. SC 103 on Site 1 is the strongest signal at point “X” In this example. At point X . 102.

but when subtracting half its beamwidth. To be considered. In the example above. the final criteria is applied to the cell. so it is removed from the suggested list. leaving us with SC 203.com . SC 402 is over 5Km away from SC 103. SC 302 is included as a Missing Neighbor. 302 and 301. the cell will be included in the suggested list. the azimuth must fall with +/-90 degrees of the line-of-sight vector from the point X to that site. To allow for the spread of beamwidth. it falls within our acceptable range so is therefore included as a Missing Neighbor. 402 and 301.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing Neighbors Example 7 • • • • • At point “X”. 302. Applying the intersite distance threshold. Applying the Reporting Range of 5dB creates a short-list of SC 202. www. The azimuth of SC 301 was originally outside our 90° threshold. If the angle of the cell then falls within the angle setting in Tools > Preferences.actix. 402 and 301 (greater than -10dBm). so this is eliminated too. leaving us with a suggested list of 203. 302. The signals from SC 101 and 303 are too weak to be considered. The angle between the point “X” and the azimuth of the SC s is now analyzed. so it is not included in the list. SC 202 is are already defined as a neighbor of SC 103. the strongest signal is SC 103 is at -5dBm. half the beamwidth is added/subtracted to the azimuth to give extra tolerance of angle. 2 Example of angle to site threshold for sector validation When half the beamwidth is added/subtracted (depending on whether the azimuth is to the left or right of the vector connecting the scanner point and the cell) to the azimuth of the cell. 203. The azimuth of SC 203 + half its beamwidth still does not fall within our 90° threshold.

actix. not only the Nth_Best cell will be considered. and cell A and cell C are within 5dB. the Missing Neighbors at point “X” are as follows: Missing_Neighbours_0 = 302 Missing_Neighbours_1 = 301 relative to CPICH_Scan_SC_SortedBy_EcIo_0 = 103 at point “X” This is repeated for all points in the scanned drivetest route. which satisfy the selection criteria and are not currently defined as a neighbor of the Nth_Best_0 cell at that time. the relationship between cell B and cell C should be analyzed too. and is recommended for neighbor list optimization of more mature networks. If the “Only use Nth Best cell” option is disabled. Once the final list of suggested Missing Neighbors has been compiled. 2 www.com . This obviously increases that processing needed at each point. sorted by their EcIo value. and also by visualizing them on the map/chart/table. creating an array of SCs at each point. Due to the fact that SC 302 has a stronger EcIo value than SC 301 at point “X”. the results can be viewed in two ways: through the Accelerated Network Rollout analysis pack report (Neighbor List Recommendations). Using the principle that if cell A and cell B are within 5dB.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing Neighbors Example 8 Our final list of Missing Neighbors is then 301 and 302.

com . Its current adjacency list includes SC 112 and 113. 3. While SC 111 was the Nth_Best cells.5 2 In this example. all criteria have been met for this cell. NOTE: It is important to drive enough routes and collect enough data to ensure these cell suggestions are statistically valid. SC 113 (at the same site as SC 112. 500 samples for SC 112 and only 5 samples for SC 113 (sorted by % samples). so it is suggested as a Missing Neighbor. the recommended additions / removals / retentions are presented in a tabular format as follows: Nth_Best SC 110 Site Site123 Cell Site123-a Sample Count 5000 Action Add Retain Remove Nbr SC 200 112 113 Sample Count 1250 500 5 % 25 10 0.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Neighbor List Recommendations report 9 4 Neighbor List Recommendations report Once this report has been run from the ANR analysis pack.5 3.5Km away from SC 110) was only scanned 5 times. SC 200 is not already in the adjacency list for SC 110. SC 110 (Site123-a) was the Nth_Best measurement for 5000 samples during the scanner measurement. there were 1250 samples of SC 200. so it has been recommended to be removed.actix. www.5 3. SC 112 was scanned enough times to recommend to be kept in the adjacency list.1 Intersite Distance 2.

com .actix. The legend of the map gives you the list of SCs that were the strongest Missing Neighbor at any point in the drive. A decision needs to be made whether to add this suggested Missing Neighbor SC into the adjacency list of the Nth_Best SC. Drag the parameter onto the map and open the “Top 10 Scan Measurements” stateform (optionally dock it to under the Workspace Explorer). and by selecting any point in the map. containing 2 sorted lists.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing / Remove Neighbor attributes 10 5 Missing / Remove Neighbor attributes In the Workspace Explorer. The strongest Missing Neighbor (Missing_Neighbour_0) should be analyzed first. as it could potentially be the strongest pollution source at that time. you should see the grouping Neighbor Analysis. the closest cell with a matching SC to the Nth_Best_0 cell will be selected. 2 In the case of repeated SC values. www. for Missing Neighbor suggestions and Removal suggestions. The most frequent SC should be targeted first. 2 Workspace Explorer showing Neighbor Analysis group The lists are sorted by signal strength and contain the SC values of the cells in the list at each point in the scanned drivetest. the stateform will synchronize to show the top 10 scanned measurements giving the Nth_Best SC at the top of the list2.

Following this process with ensure that the most important Missing Neighbors are analyzed first. the next strongest signal should be analyzed.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing / Remove Neighbor attributes 11 2 Screenshot of Nth_Best SC (CPICH_Scan_SC_SortedBy_EcIo_0) plotted on the map. so it may be easier to create a crosstab query with two dimensions: Missing_Neighbours_0 and Nth_Best_0. The Display Cell Data view shows the adjacency list of cell “example0184c” (SC 242).actix.com . The same SC could appear as a Missing Neighbor for multiple Nth_Best cells. Missing_Neighbours_0 is added to the map. to give all occurrences of the combinations. www. and synchronized to the Top 10 Scan Measurements stateform. Once all the strongest Missing Neighbors have been analyzed. This list can then be filtered from the Statistics Explorer to filter the map view for single SC combinations individually.

actix. www. The map s distance tool has been used and the distance 1.7046Km is underlined.com .Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing / Remove Neighbor attributes 12 2 Screenshot showing validation of intersite distance between Nth-Best SC 242 at site Example0184 and Missing Neighbor 202 at site Example0199.

By opening the “UE Missing Neighbors” stateform for the superstream and synchronizing it with dropped call. and for the resulting collection files to be superstreamed together (and correcting any time offset between the collection devices).Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Dropped Call Analysis 13 6 Dropped Call Analysis Neighbor list analysis can also be used verify the reason behind a dropped call.actix. This method uses the process of combining the scanner and UE together and checking the Active and Monitored Sets for the UE against the scanned measurements at the point of a dropped call. the top 10 scanned measurements can be visually compared to the Active and Monitored sets for the UE at the time. See the online Help for instructions on superstreaming using Time Offsets. 2 Screenshot showing synchronized scanner and handset traces. www. This requires the scanner and UE traces to be collected at the same time.com . indicating Missing Neighbor 202 (and differences between best scanned SC 242 and Active Set SC 338. parameters such as the UTRA_UE_CarrierRSSI and the Uu_CallDropped event can be dragged onto the map. Once the files have been combined.

and therefore never being able to be added to the Active Set. www. and poor EcNo too.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Dropped Call Analysis 14 2 Screenshot showing how dropped calls from the handset can be viewed with the Missing Neighbor attributes when the scanner and handset are synchronized.com . The scanner detected 3 other SCs. or whether it was a handset problem. resulting in a neighbor that had already been defined not being added to the Monitored Set.actix. This allows the engineer to understand whether the UE had dropped a call due to a missing neighbor not being defined in the cell s adjacency list. and a missing neighbor just before the drop. Here the Active Set and Monitored Set SC s are at very low RSCP values.

com .Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Dropped Call Analysis 15 2 www.actix.

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