This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Magaldi Ash Cooler
Dry Bottom Ash System
The success of the MAC™ system can be attributed to the following benefits over traditional wet bottom ash systems: • Eliminates water usage in cooling and conveying bottom ash • Reduces carbon content in bottom ash The patented MAC (Magaldi ™ • Captures heat energy from ash and returns to boiler • Provides for potential sale of dry. the MAC™ Dry Bottom Ash System is the world’s leading dry bottom ash-handling system for utility boilers. 1 The MAC™ System has been installed in both new boiler and retrofit projects on many different boiler types and makes in a wide range of operating conditions. cooling and handling of bottom ash from pulverized coal-fired boilers. is a unique system for dry extraction. With over 70 systems installed worldwide. low carbon ash • Reduces operational and maintenance costs compared to conventional wet systems • Fully automatic system from boiler throat to storage silo Ash Cooler) Dry Bottom Ash System. P A G E .
The driving force is transmitted by friction between the head pulley and the belt. In addition. the cooled ash is discharged onto a crusher. The Superbelt is supported by carrying idlers that are mounted across the entire width of the belt to provide support for heavy mechanical impacts. During the conveying of ash on the Superbelt. while a pneumatic take-up device on the tail pulley supplies a constant tension. allowing a more complete combustion and return of heat to the boiler. As a result. the Superbelt withstands the high temperatures encountered under the boiler throat. Data from existing installations indicate reverse air flow does not disturb the combustion process and does not influence NOx formation. The Magaldi Superbelt Construction Pan Mesh Belt Carrying Idler The Superbelt is constructed with a stainless steel mesh belt that carries partially overlapping stainless steel pans . The hopper is available with bottom doors which can be closed to isolate the MAC™ extractor and for ash storage. From the MAC™ extractor. Wear of the belt is minimized because there is normally no relative motion between the belt and the ash. All idler bearings are fitted outside the casing to protect them from heat and allow easy lubrication. without permanent deformation. a small scraper conveyor installed under the Superbelt. which is designed to operate in harsh conditions including exposure to high temperatures and shock loads caused by the fall of large clinkers. The patented method of connecting the pans to the mesh belt leaves all components free to expand in any direction. which provides a volume for temporary ash storage. ash is cooled by a small.WORKING CONCEPT The main component of the MAC™ System is the MAC™ extractor. The Superbelt is enclosed inside the sealed casing of the MAC™ extractor. Any ash fines that fall on the casing floor are swept off by the spill chain. controlled amount of ambient air that flows by natural draft into the MAC™ System casing through inlet valves. P A G E 2 . which reduces the large ash clinkers to a size suitable for conveying to a silo. the air provides oxygen to the unburned ash. The MAC™ extractor is connected to the boiler throat through a refractory-lined hopper or a transition chute.making the belt conveyor almost completely sealed. The hopper or transition chute is connected to the boiler throat by a high-temperature mechanical seal that allows for boiler expansion. Superbelt Boiler Mechanical Seal Bottom Doors (Optional) Hopper or Transition Chute Spill Chain Crusher MAC Extractor Downstream Equipment Operation A key element of the MAC™ extractor is the Magaldi Superbelt which receives and extracts bottom ash falling from the boiler.
SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS Since the ash is delivered dry. there are several options available for the configuration of the equipment downstream of the crusher. providing further cooling of ash during the conveying process. Mechanical Conveying to Silo The Magaldi Postcooler provides dry mechanical transport to a silo. Hopper MAC Extractor Bin Secondary Crusher P A G E . Hopper Crusher Silo Post Cooler MAC Extractor Pneumatic Conveying to Silo Operations with space constraints will find the pneumatic system beneficial because the downstream conveying system can be routed through very restricted spaces. The Postcooler is a steel belt conveyor inside a sealed casing. A second crushing stage further reduces the size of 3 Pneumatic Vacuum System Primary Crusher Silo the ash before transport. The most commonly applied configurations are described below.
usually a Magaldi Postcooler is used to transport the ash from the crusher to the pulverizers. it can be mixed with the fly ash. MAC Extractor Crusher Pneumatic Pressure System To Fly Ash Silo Hopper Post Cooler Pulverizers P A G E 4 .Pneumatic Conveying to Fly Ash Silo If the dry bottom ash is pulverized by mills to a very fine size. followed by pneumatic conveying to the fly ash silo. This can lead to a simplification of the overall ash handling system and potential for increased ash sales revenues. In this configuration.
• Eliminates ash dewatering bins.the MAC™ is designed so maintenance and repair can be performed online • Reducing risk of sudden failures .all moving parts are inside the casing and no rodding of ash is required Reduces water-related problems By eliminating the use of water for ash cooling and conveying. heat exchangers and pH-control • Minimizes corrosion due to cooling and conveying water • Eliminates risk of ice formation from wet ash E EP A G 3 5 • Reduces safety problems due to hot water splashing or vapor explosions • Reduces environmental impact due to waste-water discharge P A G .able to withstand the impact of large clinkers falling from boilers • Reducing safety risks . a series of operational and environmental problems are eliminated when using the MAC™ System. ponds or waste water treatment • Eliminates pumps.OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS Enhanced dependability and safety The dependability of the MAC™ System can result in increased boiler availability by: • Reducing forced boiler outages .
The Superbelt life is extended due to unique low friction design. In the MAC™ System. In a wet bottom ash system. • Resists plugging . this energy is completely lost because the ash is quenched. the cooling air captures the heat from the ash and provides oxygen for post-combustion resulting in: • A substantial burn-out of remaining carbon in bottom ash • Significant recovery of heat contained in the bottom ash. which offers the following benefits: • Simplified configuration of the downstream processing equipment • After pulverization.Facilitates lower operation & maintenance costs • Extended lifecycle . dry low carbon content bottom ash can be mixed with fly ash. leading to potential for increased ash sales revenues and simplified ash management . only dry ash Heat recovery from the ash to the boiler In coal-fuel fired boilers.eliminates need for costly manual operations such as use of front end loader to transfer ash from bunker to truck • Lower energy consumption .because no water has to be moved. This heat recovery reduces the heat and fuel losses from the boiler which can contribute increased boiler efficiency It is routinely demonstrated that the amount of cooling air used in the MAC™ System (typically less than one percent of total boiler combustion air) does not have an adverse effect on the boiler operation 6 P A G E Delivery of dry ash The bottom ash is delivered dry.regular maintenance activities can be carried out with the system in operation • Fully automatic operation . a significant amount of energy is contained in the bottom ash.The MAC™ extractor design ensures that any ash clinker that can pass through the boiler throat is transferred to the crusher • Low maintenance requirements .
a-s-h. please contact an Allen-Sherman-Hoff representative at 1-888-ASH-PARTS.A.ASH. Inc.p. For more information about the MAC™ System.888. This information contain herein is solely for informational purposes and is not offered. as a warranty or contractual obligation. ©2005 Diamond Power International. ASH-9342-0805-00 . Reserves the right to make design or material changes without notice.p. MAC™ Systems are supplied in the United States by Allen-Sherman-Hoff under a license from Magaldi Power S. Diamond Power International. nor should be construed. Inc.Field Evaluation Services Allen-Sherman-Hoff’s team of engineers are available to perform an evaluation of your existing bottom ash system to determine the benefits that may be realized by conversion to a MAC™ System.PARTS MAC™ is a trademark of Magaldi Power S. Allen-Sherman-Hoff is a division of Diamond Power International. All rights reserved.com 1.A. Inc. www.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.