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5. S.K.R.I.P.S.I

5. S.K.R.I.P.S.I

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Published by Rizkiana Kareema

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Published by: Rizkiana Kareema on May 23, 2011
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02/11/2013

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There is another sense in which the word µutterance¶ can be used in

pragmatics: it can refer to the product of a verbal act, rather than to the

verbal act itself.

44

F.X. Nadar, (2009), op.cit. pp. 3-4.

23

For example;

[9] Would you please be quiet?

Those words are spoken with a polite rising intonation, might be

described as a sentence, or as a question, or as a request. However, it is

convenient to reserve terms like sentence and question from grammatical

entities derived from language system, and to reserve the term utterance

for instances of such entities, identified by their use in a particular

situation. Hence an utterance maybe a sentence-instance, or sentence-

token; but strictly speaking, it cannot be a sentence. In this second sense,

utterances are the elements whose meaning we study in pragmatics. In

fact, we can correctly describe pragmatics as dealing with utterance

meaning, as semantics as dealing with sentence meaning. However, there

is no need to assume that all utterances are sentence-tokens. We may wish

to isolate as an utterance a piece of language which is either too short or

too long to be classified as a single sentence.

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