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Part A. Directions: Identify the President associated with each term, key policies of his administration associated with the term. Key Term Square Deal President Theodore Roosevelt Key Policies • Domestic Program • Tried to give equal opportunity to business executives, farmers, laborers, & consumers • Included attempts to break bad trusts, the Meat Inspection Act, the Pure Food & Drug Act, forced arbitration of the anthracite coal strike & conservation measures • • Endorsed the Roosevelt Corollary expanded America’s role as police officer by substituting dollars for bullets in promoting loans to business executives in Latin America and the Far east Although he did not extend the welfare state begun by New Deal, he did not tamper with programs already in place Progressive Reform agenda Sought to strengthen democracy through programs such as the Underwood Tariff, Clayton Act, Federal Reserve Act & federal Trade Commission Variety of Relief, Reform, Recovery designed to get country out of Great depression & avoid a similar catastrophe in the future Country adopted the concept that the govt. has the responsibility to “promote the general welfare” Promised to complete the country’s expansion to the Pacific Ocean through the acquisition of the Oregon Country, Texas & what became of the Mexican Cession Country’s prosperity and greatness to date stemmed from rugged individualism rather than govt. action That this philosophy would work again in the Great Depression Believed country could eliminate poverty & racial injustice, improve education for all, and revitalize city slums to create a truly great society. Programs included Civil Rights Act, “war on poverty”, Voting Rights Act, Medicare,
William Howard Taft
Modern Republicanism New Freedom
Dwight Eisenhower Woodrow Wilson
• • •
James K. Polk
Lyndon B. Johnson
Maryland Civil War Maryland’s tax on Baltimore branch of the Bank of US was unconstitutional.” 2.” 7. 1.C. “A war to end all wars. “Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. Washington 4.” 6. and Elementary & Secondary Education Act • Aimed to preserve & extend the New Deal but med considerable congressional opposition • Sought to find opportunity in space. “A house divided against itself cannot stand. “It is at the bottom life we must begin. Justice Earl Warren Declaration of Independence Woodrow Wilson Confederate States of America World War I Civil War FDR’s War Message to Congress Pearl Harbor MLK’s I have a dream Speech at the Lincoln Memorial during the 1963 March on Washington Major factor in Passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964 Marbury v. Medicare & education became law after his assassination Part B. Justice John Marshall established a precedent for . technology & social relations. Who said it? Identify who said the following quotation & in what context it was used. Established principle that National (federal) govt. Many of his proposals for civil rights.” S. Kennedy Immigration Act.” Booker T. is dominant Tuskegee Institute operated on the principle that African Americans would be welladvised to seek training in the trades rather than strive immediately for social equality Brown v. poverty programs. Madison S. We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal. “All we ask is to be left alone. Board (overturned Plessy V. “I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.” 10.C. medicine.” 8. “A law repugnant to the Constitution is void. “December 7.Fair deal New Frontier Harry Truman’s John F. 1941 – a date that will live in infamy. not at the top. “The power to tax involves the power to destroy Abraham Lincoln McCulloch v. Ferguson) 3.” 5.” 9.
“Peace without victory. but not one cent for tribute.” 21.11. “My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union.” 16.” Key issues in the American decision to go to war in 1812 William Jennings Bryan FDR JFK FDR Abraham Lincoln George Washington’s Farewell Address Andrew Jackson Daniel Webster suggested this should be US’ motto Federalist rallying cry Lincoln Wilson . Georgia SC’s threat to nullify the Tariff of Abominations Post XYZ affair Primary objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Union Idealistic plan for a negotiated settlement of the war before either side achieved a victory was unacceptable to Germany in 1917. “It is our policy to stay clear of permanent alliances. “Millions for defense.” Article I of the Constitution judicial review Gave Congress authority to use implied powers Mayflower Compact (1620) James K. “And so. with charity for all…” 20. “Free trade and sailors’ rights. one and inseparable. “John Marshall has made his decision. “We must be the great arsenal of democracy.” 22. “You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold. now let him enforce it.” 17. “With malice toward none.” 15. “To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers. Polk’s campaign theme First document on selfgovernment in the English colonies Suggested that the US might demand all of the Oregon territory to the southern border of Alaska Passionate attack on the gold standard at the Democratic nominating convention in 1896 Sought to end Roosevelt Corollary and establish friendlier relations with Latin America Inspirational message in his 1961 inaugural address set the theme for a new commitment to America Lend-Lease Act in World War II 2nd Inaugural Address about Reconstruction Long-standing policy of US foreign affairs In response to John Marshall’s decision in Worcester v.” 25. “God made us neighbors. my fellow Americans: Ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country.” 18. “We… covenant and combine ourselves into a civil body politic. Let justice make us friends.” 23. a 14.” 13. “Liberty and Union. Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare.” 24. now and forever.” 19. “fifty-four forty or fight.” 12.
” 28. Taking the Canal Zone and pursuing the Roosevelt Corollary in Latin America are two examples. Offering peacetime aid to Greece & Turkey in 1947. “And.” 32. by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid. are henceforth not to be considered as subject for future colonization by an European powers. “The only thing we have FDR to fear is fear itself. marked a significant break with George Washington’s advice in his farewell address 29.” 27.” Rallying cry of Texans in their war for independence from Mexico Rallying cry of those in favor of going to war against Spain Teddy Roosevelt step that led to US entry in the war 1836 Spanish American War 1898 Vigorous foreign policy based on this old African saying. “Speak softly and carry a big stick. “Remember the Alamo.” 30. “The ideals and traditions Truman Doctrine of our nations demanded that we come to the aid of Greece and Turkey and that we put the world on native that it would be our policy to support the cause of freedom wherever it was threatened…. I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within these said designated states and Declaration of Sentiments at Seneca Falls Trying to inspire confidence in the American people in FDR’s ability to lead them through the Great Depression Based the claims of women on the Declaration of Independence James Monroe’s State of Union Address Issued this warning. now a cornerstone of American foreign policy.26. at the same time.” 31. “Remember the Maine. against European expansion in this hemisphere Emancipation Proclamation Committed the US to freeing the slaves and. “The American continents. by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain. “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal.” 33. helped gain British support for the Union in the Civil War . that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights.
in the 1980s was based on this motto 1963.” 34. And to study this advance. touched a responsive chord among many women & advanced the women’s rights movements Spoken to John Adams in reference to the creation of the Constitution Betty Friedan’s The Feminist Mystique Abigail Adams .” 41. Government is the problem. is to study the really American part of our history. not all were convinced that his treatment of workers was justified by this philosophy of philanthropy In his 1890 essay The Significance of the Frontier in American History. in order to form a more perfect Union. a steady growth of independence on American lines. and henceforward shall be free. “No one can make you feel inferior without your consent. “Women of the world unite! You have nothing to lose but your vacuum cleaner. “ 35. wrote this statement in a newspaper column 1889. “Government is not the solution to our problem. helped Americans to understand this neglected factor in American development Frederick Jackson Turner/Turner’s Thesis First telegraph message in 1837 Ronald Reagan Introduced a revolution in communication Reagan’s philosophy of govt. promised an effort to create a more effective government than the statedominated Articles of Confederation had provided. “What hath God wrought!” 39. Human rights activist. “Remember the ladies.parts of States are. .” 38. “We the people of the United States. .” 40.” Preamble to US Constitution Eleanor Roosevelt Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth 1787. . “Surplus wealth is a sacred trust which its possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the good of the community.” 37. celebrated the benefits that great amounts of accumulated wealth could accomplish for the public.” 36. . “The advance of the frontier has meant a steady movement away from the influence of Europe.
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