PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION

PRESENTED BY:

MODERN PHILOSOPHIES OF EDUCATION

HUMANISM REALISM DISCIPLINISM RATIONALISM NATURALISM

IDEALISM PRAGMATISM PROGRESSIVISM EXISTENTIALISM ESSENTIALISM

HUMANISM emphasizes people¶s intrinsic capacities for personal growth and their abilities and desires to control their own destinies .

2 basic components of learning (1) the acquisition of information (2) the individual¶s personalization and internalization of that information .

Knowledge comes via the senses. .REALISM Objects exist whether or not the human mind perceives it.

DISCIPLINISM ‡ Moral development ‡ Formation of desirable habits .

.RATIONALISM Human reason was the sole source of knowledge and the sole determiner whether things or actions were acceptable or not.

NATURALISM focuses on natural development of children¶s abilities .

NATURAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT .

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EMILE (Jean Jacques Rosseau) education of boys and girls Underlined the importance of each gender¶s roles in the society .

´ (Jean Jacques Rosseau) .³Man. but became evil through contact with society. as a natural being. has innate goodness.

.IDEALISM Much of its thrust is to preserve cultural traditions Education is largely a matter of passing on to the young the nation¶s cultural heritage.

The first rule to be learned is order. 1. Students must conform to rules and regulations and repress everything that interferes with the function of the school. learn habits of silence and cleanliness. conformity and subservience) .There is great concern for morality and character development. 3. rise and sit at a given signal. Pupils must have their lessons ready on time. (docility. 2.

PRAGMATISM ‡ favors practicality and literal truth ‡ practical consequences are the criteria of knowledge and meaning and value .

FUNCTIONAL KNOWLEDGE ‡ Knowledge is what works. .

.PROGRESSIVISM ‡ to provide the learner the necessary skills to be able to interact with his ever changing environment.

PROGRESSIVISTS¶ PRINCIPLES Knowledge leads to growth and development of life-long learners who actively learn by doing. .

.EXISTENTIALISM focuses on the existence of the individual People are responsible for defining themselves.

µ John-Paul Sartre .´Existence precedes essence.

ESSENTIALISM ‡ focuses on what is essential ‡ back to basics (3Rs) .

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