D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC).

doc PG-1 3EC1 MATHEMATICS-III

UNIT 1 : LAPLACE TRANSFORM - Laplace transform with its simple properties, applications to the solution of ordinary and partial differential equations having constant co-efficients with special reference to the wave and diffusion equations. UNIT 2 : FOURIER SERIES & Z TRANSFORM – Expansion of simple functions in fourier series. Half range series, Change of intervals, Harmonic analysis. Z TRANSFORM - Introduction, Properties, Inverse Z Transform . UNIT3 : FOURIER TRANSFORM - Complex form of Fourier Transform and its inverse, Fourier sine and cosine transform and their inversion. Applications of Fourier Transform to solution of partial differential equations having constant co-efficient with special reference to heat equation and wave equation. UNIT 4 : COMPLEX VARIABLES - Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Elementary conformal mapping with simple applications, Line integral in complex domain, Cauchy;s theorem. Cauchy’s integral formula. UNIT 5 : COMPLEX VARIABLES -Taylor’s series Laurent’s series poles, Residues, Evaluation of simple definite real integrals using the theorem of residues. Simple contour integration.

3EC2 - ELECTRONIC DEVICES & CIRCUITS

UNIT 1 : SEMICONDUCTOR PHYSICS : Mobility and conductivity, charge densities in a semiconductor, Fermi Dirac distribution, carrier concentrations and fermi levels in semiconductor, Generation and recombination of charges, diffusion and continuity equation, Mass action Law, Hall effect. UNIT 2 : Junction diodes, Diode as a ckt. element, load line concept, clipping and clamping circuits, Voltage multipliers. Construction, characteristics and working principles of UJT UNIT 3 : Transistor characteristics, Current components, Current gains: alpha and beta. Operating point. Hybrid model, h-parameter equivalent circuits. CE, CB and CC configuration. DC and AC analysis of CE,CC and CB amplifiers. Ebers-Moll model. Biasing & stabilization techniques. Thermal runaway, Thermal stability. UNIT 4 : JFET, MOSFET, Equivalent circuits and biasing of JFET's & MOSFET’s. Low frequency CS and CD JFET amplifiers. FET as a voltage variable resistor. UNIT 5 : SMALL SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS AT LOW FREQUENCY : Analysis of BJT and FET, DC and RC coupled amplifiers. Frequency response, midband gain, gains at low and high frequency. Analysis of DC and differential amplifiers, Miller's Theorem. Cascading Transistor amplifiers, Darlington pair. Emitter follower, source follower.

D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC).doc PG-2 3EC3- CIRCUIT ANALYSIS & SYNTHESIS

UNIT 1 : NETWORK THEOREMS AND ELEMENTS :Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Reciprocity, Superposition, Compensation, Miller’s, Tellegen’s and maximum power transfer theorems. Networks with dependent sources. Inductively coupled circuits – mutual inductance, coefficient of coupling and mutual inductance between portions of same circuits and between parallel branches. Transformer equivalent, inductively and conductively coupled circuits. UNIT 2 :TRANSIENTS ANALYSIS : Impulse, step, ramp and sinusoidal response Analysis of first order and second order circuits. Time domain & transform domain (frequency, Laplace) analysis. Initial and final value theorems. Complex periodic waves and their analysis by Fourier analysis. Different kind of symmetry. Power in a circuit. UNIT 3 : NETWORK FUNCTIONS : Terminals and terminal pairs, driving point impedance transfer functions, poles and zeros. Procedure of finding network functions for general two terminal pair networks. Stability & causality. Hurwitz polynomial, positive real function. UNIT 4 : TWO PORT NETWORKS : Two port parameters and their interrelations – z-parameters, yparameters, h-parameters, ABCD parameters. Equivalence of two ports, transformer equivalent, interconnection of two port networks. Image parameters. Attenuation & phase shift in symmetrical T and π networks. UNIT 5 : NETWORK SYNTHESIS : RL & RC networks synthesis, Foster First & Second form, Cauer forms.

3EC4- ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION

UNIT 1 : THEORY OF ERRORS: Accuracy & precision, Repeatability, Limits of errors, Systematic & random errors Modeling of errors, Probable error & standard deviation, Gaussian error analysis, Combination of errors. UNIT 2 : ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS FOR MEASURING BASIC PARAMETERS : Electronic Voltmeter, Electronic Multimeters, Digital Voltmeter, Component Measuring Instruments, Q meter, Vector Impedance meter, RF Power & Voltage Measurements. Measurement of frequency. Introduction to shielding & grounding. UNIT 3 : OSCILLOSCOPES : CRT Construction, Basic CRO circuits, CRO Probes, Oscilloscope Techniques of Measurement of frequency, Phase Angle and Time Delay, Multibeam, multi trace, storage & sampling Oscilloscopes. Curve tracers. UNIT 4 : SIGNAL GENERATION: - Sine wave generators, Frequency synthesized signal generators, Sweep frequency generators. Signal Analysis - Measurement Technique, Wave Analyzers, Frequency - selective wave analyser, Heterodyne wave analyser, Harmonic distortion analyser, Spectrum analyser. UNIT 5 : TRANSDUCERS - Classification, Selection Criteria, Characteristics, Construction, Working Principles, Application of following Transducers- RTD, Thermocouples, Thermistors, LVDT, RVDT, Strain Gauges, Bourdon Tubes, Bellows. Diaphragms, Seismic Accelerometers, Tachogenerators, Load Cell, Piezoelectric Transducers, Ultrasonic Flow Meters.

D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC).doc PG-3 3EC5 ELECTRONIC MATERIALS & PROCESSES

UNIT 1 : DIELECTRIC MATERIALS : Polarisation phenomenon, spontaneous polarisation, dielectric constant and loss, piezo and ferro electricity. UNIT 2 : MAGNETIC MATERIALS: Dia, para, ferro-ferrimagnetism; soft and hard magnetic materials and their applications. UNIT 3 : SEMI CONDUCTOR MATERIALS : Crystal growth, zone refining, Degenerate and nondegenerate semiconductors, Direct and indirect band gap semiconductors. Electronic properties of silicon, Germanium, Compound Semiconductor, Gallium Arsenide, gallium phosphide & Silicon carbide. UNIT 4: CONDUCTIVE & SUPERCONDUCTIVE MATERIALS : Electrical properties of conductive and resistive materials. Important characteristics and electronic applications of specific conductor & resistance materials. Superconductor phenomenon, Type I and Type II superconductors and their applications. UNIT 5: PASSIVE COMPONENETS & PCB FABRICATION: Brief study of fabrication methods of fixed and variable type of resistors; capacitors, Inductors, solenoid and toroid, air core, iron core and Ferro core conductors. Printed Circuit Boards – Types, Manufacturing of copper clad laminates, PCB Manufacturing process, Manufacturing of single and double sided PCBs. Surface mount devices – advantages & limitations.

3EC6 DATA STRUCTURES & ALGORITHMS

UNIT 1 : PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT : Space complexity and Time complexity, big oh, omega and theta notations and their significance. Linear Lists - Array and linked representation, Singly & Doubly linked lists. Concept of circular linked lists. UNIT 2 : ARRAY & MATRICES - Row and Column Major mapping & representation, irregular 2D array, Matrix operations, Special matrices: diagonal, tri-diagonal, triangular, symmetric. Sparse matrices representation and its transpose. UNIT 3 : STACKS - Representation in array & linked lists, basic operation, Applications of stacks in parenthesis matching, towers of Hanoi etc. Queues - Representation in array & linked lists, applications, circular queues. UNIT 4 : TREES - Binary Tree, representation in array & linked lists, basic operation on binary trees, binary tree traversal (preorder, post order, in order). Search Trees - Binary search tree, indexed-binary search tree, basic operation, AVL tree, B-tree. UNIT 5 : GRAPHS - Representation of un weighted graphs, BFS, DFS, Minimum cost spanning trees, Single source shortest path. Sorting - Bubble sort, insertion sort, merge sort, selection sort, quick sort, heap sort.

(a) To Design & fabricate a PCB for a Regulated power supply. using array & linked lists. To design and test regulated power supply using ICs 12. To study and plot the characteristics of following Opto-Electronic devices – (a) LED (b) LDR (C) Photovoltatic cell (d) Opto-coupler (e) Photo diode (f) Photo transistor (g) Solar cell 7. To study the specifications and working of a Transistor radio kit and perform measurements on it. 10. To study the specifications and working of color TV. 5. 11. 8. Colour coding (b) Capacitors-Various types. Polynomial addition. Coding. 3EC8 COMPUTER PROGRAMMING LAB-I Program in C 1. 13. 2. Simple array and sorting algorithm implementations. 10. Devices. To study the specifications and working of a VCD Player. 6. Symbol table organization (Hash Table). Identification. Generation of spanning trees for a given graph using BFS & DFS algorithms. AVL tree implementation (creation. To study and perform experiment on CRO demonstration kit. 9. Study of symbols for various Electrical & Electronic Components. 8. 3. 5. multiplication (8th degree polynomials). . Implementation of circular queue using array. To fabricate PCB and testing of electronics circuit on PCB. deletion). insertion. Study & Testing of various electronic components : (a) Resistances-Various types.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC). (c) Inductors (d) Diodes (e) Transistors (f) SCRs (g) ICs (h) Photo diode (i) Photo transistor (j) LED (k) LDR (l) Potentiometers 2. multiplication and transpose of sparse matrices represented in array form. Addition. To study the specifications and working of a Tape Recorder kit.doc PG-4 3EC7 ELECTRONICS WORKSHOP 1. 7. 4. Soldering & desoldering practice. Circuit functions etc. 9. Binary search tree creation and traversing. (b) Assemble the Regulated power supply using PCB and test it. 3. Infix to postfix/prefix conversion. 6. To prepare design layout of PCBs using software tools. 4. Implementation of stack and queue using array & linked lists.

power supplies (constant voltage and constant current operations) (d) Study of analog CRO. To measure unknown frequency & capacitance using Wein’s bridge. Find their hparameters. 2 Plot V-I characteristic of P-N junction diode & calculate cut-in voltage. Observe the effect of load changes and determine load limits of the voltage regulator.doc PG-5 3EC9 ELECTRONICS LAB I 1. 10 Study half wave rectifier and effect of filters on wave. 2. reverse Saturation current and static & dynamic resistances. 3 Plot V-I characteristic of zener diode and study of zener diode as voltage regulator. 3EC10 ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT & INSTRUMENTATION LAB 1. Measure unknown inductance capacitance resistance using following bridges (a) Anderson Bridge (b) Maxwell Bridge 4.frequency characteristic of two stage RC coupled amplifier & calculate its bandwidth and compare it with theoretical value.drain voltage and drain current – gate bias characteristics of field effect transistor and measure of Idss & Vp 6 Application of Diode as clipper & clamper 7 Plot gain. 5. Plot V-I characteristics & measure open circuit voltage & short circuit current of a solar panel. Draw the characteristics between temperature & voltage of a K type thermocouple.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC). 10. Study the working of Q-meter and measure Q of coils. Draw the characteristics of the following temperature transducers: (a) RTD (Pt-100) (b) Thermistors (c) Thermocouple 8. frequency & phase angle using Lissajous figures. To study the working of Spectrum analyzer and determine the bandwidth of different signals. . measurement of time period. Also calculate theoretical & practical ripple factor. Measure earth resistance using fall of potential method. Measure the speed of a Table Fan using stroboscope. CC and CE configurations. 6. 12. Measurement of the distance with the help of ultrasonic transmitter & receiver. 8 Plot gain. 4 Plot frequency response curve for single stage amplifier and to determine gain bandwidth product. 11 Study bridge rectifier and measure the effect of filter network on D. c. 3. Measurement of strain/ force with the help of strain gauge load cell. 9 Plot input and output characteristics of BJT in CB. voltage output & ripple factor. 9. 5 Plot drain current . Measurement of displacement with the help of LVDT. amplitude. 11. 7.frequency characteristic of emitter follower & find out its input and output resistances. Study the following devices: (a) Analog & digital multimeters (b) Function/ Signal generators (c) Regulated d.C.

Simpson’s one third and three-eighth rules. pushpull amplifiers with and without transformers. the Euler’s equation. class B output stage and class AB output stages. UNIT 5 : CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS . Generating functions. Shunt Peaked Circuits for Increased Bandwidth. Tuned collector. Lines of regression. co-relation and rank correlation. Colpitts. Astable. gain-bandwidth product. currentseries and current-shunt feedback amplifier. strong and weak variations simple variation problems. Transfer gain with feedback.doc PG-6 4EC1 MATHEMATICS-IV UNIT 1 : NUMERICAL ANALYSIS .Band Pass Amplifier. Emitter follower at high frequencies. UNIT 5 : POWER AMPLIFIERS : Power amplifier circuits. Parallel resonant Circuits. Complementary symmetry & quasi complimentary symmetry amplifiers . Wien bridge and crystal oscillators. Poisson and Normal distributions.Integration-Trapezoidal rule. Transformation. Stagger Tuned Amplifier. Primary & Secondary Tuned Amplifier with BJT & FET. Newton’s forward and backward differences.Finite differences – Forward.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC). Generating function. . Band Width of Parallel resonant circuit. UNIT 2 : OSCILLATORS : Classification. Legendre’s function of first kind. interpolation formulae. orthogonal property of Bessel’s . Orthogonal property. Lagrange’s interpolation formula. Hartley. Simple recurrence relations. Expected value. 4EC2 – ANALOG ELECTRONICS UNIT 1 : FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS : Classification. UNIT 2 : NUMERICAL ANALYSIS. General characteristics of negative feedback amplifiers. Criterion for oscillation. Miline’s method and Runga-Kutta fourth order method. Analysis of Single Tuned Amplifier. Euler’s and modified Euler’s methods. UNIT 4 : STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY . Blocking oscillators. Feedback concept. Baye’s theorem with simple applications.Functional.. monostable and bistable multivibrators. class C amplifiers. Stability criterion. Pulse Response of such Amplifier. Double Tuned Transformer Coupled Amplifier. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations of first order . high frequency analysis of CE amplifier. RC Phase shift. Stirling’s formula.Picard’s mathod. conductances and capacitances of hybrid Pi model. simple recurrence relations. voltage-shunt. Schmitt trigger. UNIT 4 : TUNED AMPLIFIER .Elementary theory of probability. Class A output stage. Analysis of voltage-series. Backward and Central differences. theoretical probability distributions-Binomial.Differentiation UNIT 3 : SPECIAL FUNCTIONS – Bessel’s functions of first and second kind. UNIT 3 : HIGH FREQUENCY AMPLIFIERS : Hybrid Pi model. .

sample. application & applets of Java. operators and functions. moments. importing & defining packages. conditional distribution & density functions. distribution & density functions. UNIT 4 : OPERATION ON SINGLE & MULTIPLE RANDOM VARIABLES : Mean & variance. random process concept. integer. characters.one function of two random variable. UNIT 2 : PROGRAMMING IN C++: Enhancements in C++ over C. floating point. . functions. joint distribution functions. covariance & correlation coefficient of multiple random variable. attributes. joint probability density function. correlation. one function of one random variable . UNIT 5: PACKAGE AND INTERFACES: Packages.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC). special distributions : binominal. 4EC6. ergodicity. UNIT 3 : MULTIPLE RANDOM VARIABLES : Vector random variable. discrete & continuous random variables. derived classes. exponential. chebyshev’s inequality. Inline functions. Gaussion Random Process. Cross Spectral density. distribution & density function of sum of random variable. bit wise operators. Introduction to Java byte code. conditional distribution & density functions. Boolean. Transmission of Random process through linear systems. Input output flags and formatting operations. constructors and destructors.dependent events. Boolean logic operators. access protection. Statistical independence. Central limit theorem. private and protected members. joint & conditional probability. literals. rayleigh. poisson. Working with class and derived classes. virtual functions. ?: operators. two function of two random variable. space & events. pointers to objects. relational operators. Switch and loop statements. operator precedence. UNIT 5: STOCHASTIC PROCESSES : Introduction. Single. normal. Defining and implementing interfaces.1 OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING UNIT 1 : OOP FUNDAMENTALS: Concept of class and object.doc PG-8 4EC5 RANDOM VARIABLES & STOCHASTIC PROCESSES UNIT 1 : PROBABILITY :Definitions. single & multiple inheritance. stationary & independence. uniform. UNIT 2 : RANDOM VARIABLES : Introduction. characteristic functions & moment generating function. Power spectral Density. Data types. UNIT 3 : JAVA: Variation from C++ to JAVA. virtual machine. the assignment operators. UNIT 4 : OPERATORS AND CONTROL STATEMENTS: Arithmetic operators. and array declarations. public. Working with text files. Friend function. function and operator overloading. multiple and multilevel inheritances and their combinations.

views. Concept of keys. Forms management and report writers. Generalisation and specialization. Composite Transformations.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC). Concept of Homogenous Coordinates Viewpoints. Visibility . . 4EC6. overview of programmer's model of interactive graphics. Filling algorithms. specification of 3 D View. z-buffer algorithms. concurrency control. Curves and Surfaces : Parametric Representation. floating horizon. GL's. Introduction to Relational data model. UNIT 2 : BASIC RASTER GRAPHICS . Bezier and B-Spline curves. Inverted and multilist structures. UNIT 3 : SQL : DDL and DML.Ray tracing. purpose and goals of DBMS. random and hashed files. UNIT 5 : Transaction processing. Application Development using SQL : Host language interface. data abstraction and data independence. Theory of normalization. antialiasing. Log based recovery Management. Relational algebra. Hardware for Computer Graphics. concept of physical and logical databases. UNIT 3 : GEOMETRIC MANIPULATION : 2 D and 3 D Transformation. indexed. Gourard and Phong Shading. Fundamental problems in geometry. Circle. two phase locking. Lock base protocols. UNIT 2: DATABASE DESIGN : Conceptual Data Base design. Relational calculus. Primitive and composite data types. Line Clipping and Polygon clipping. Vanishing Points. Ellipse. Image and object precision.Scan conversion algorithms for line.doc PG-9 4EC6.2 .DATA BASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM UNIT 1 :Introduction Need. ER Modeling. embedded SQL programming. Transaction model properties and state serialisability. Stored procedures and triggers. data base security. DBMS Architecture. area based algorithms. Constraints assertions. picture analysis. Matrices for Parallel and Perspective Projections.3 COMPUTER GRAPHICS UNIT 1 : Introduction to interactive computer graphics. UNIT 4 : ELEMENTRY 3 D GRAPHICS – Types of Projections..Physical data organization in sequential. UNIT 5: RENDERING . UNIT 4 INTERNAL OF RDBMS .

Study of series and shunt voltage regulators and measurement of line and load regulation and ripple factor. 5. Write a program to perform the rational number arithmetic. Plot gain-frequency characteristics of BJT amplifier with and without negative feedback in the emitter circuit and determine bandwidths. 1.doc PG-10 4EC7 COMPUTER PROGRAMMING LAB-II Programs in C++ Write a program to perform the complex arithmetic. 7. To implement a shape selector from a given set of shapes. gain bandwidth products and gains at 1kHz with and without negative feedback. 10. Program in Java 7. 6. 11. Study of a Digital Storage CRO and store a transient on it. 12. 2. To implement tower of Hanoi problem. Implement Morse code to text conversion and vice-versa. Plot and study the characteristics of small signal amplifier using FET. 9. Study the following oscillators and observe the effect of variation of C on oscillator frequency: (a) Hartley (b) Colpitts 8. To plot the characteristics of MOSFET and CMOS. 4. By mapping keys to pens of different colors. Measure variation of output power & distortion with load. subtraction. test if a matrix is symmetric/ lower triangular/ upper triangular) 4. implement turtle graphics. To implement a color selector from a given set of colors. (Transpose. 4EC8 ELECTRONICS LAB II 1. To plot the characteristics of UJT and UJT as relaxation. Study transistor phase shift oscillator and observe the effect of variation in R & C on oscillator frequency and compare with theoretical value. 3. multiplication. . Study of push pull amplifier. 9. To implement a graph and display BFS/DFS order of nodes. Design Fabrication and Testing of k-derived filters (LP/HP). Write a program to perform the matrix operations. 8. 5. 10. 3. Study Wein bridge oscillator and observe the effect of variation in R & C on oscillator frequency 6.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC). To calculate Greatest Common Divisor of given numbers. 11. To implement spell checker using dictionary. To implement a calculator with its functionality. addition. 2.

Various types of counters and shift registers. To study and perform experiment. duties.concept and theory. (c) Characteristics of CMOS integrated circuits. Balance of payments. social control. Utility approach. observe voltage waveforms at different points of transistor. 3. Money and banking.framing. Indifference curves. 2. concept.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED II BTech SYLL(EC). To study and perform experiment (a) Astable (b) Monostable (c) Bistable Multivibrators and the frequency variation with different parameters. To study and perform experiment. 4EC10 HUMANITIES UNIT 1 : INDIA. Socio economic growth after independence. Characteristics of Indian Economy. UNIT 4 : MICROECONOMICS –Law of demand and supply.BCD to binary conversion on digital IC trainer. 6. To study and perform the following experiments.. definition and importance of economics.Meaning. features. Logic of choice. .doc PG-11 4EC9 DIGITAL ELECTORNICS LAB 1. (b) Binary to decimal encoder. fundamental rights. To study and perform experiment -Digital to analog and analog to digital converters. Simple Keynesian theory. 7. Simple multiplier. Law of returns to factors and returns to scale.Compound logic functions and various combinational circuits based on AND/NAND and OR/NOR Logic blocks. UNIT 2 : SOCIETY – Social Groups.Concepts and types. 8.Interfacing of CMOS to TTL and TTL to CMOS ICs.Schmitt transistor binary circuit. UNIT 5: MACRO ECONOMICS –Concept relating to national product-National income and its measurement. Positive and Normative approaches. Design 2 bit binary up/down binary counter on bread board. To study and perform experiment. Consumer surplus. 10. socialization. 4. directive principles of state. 9. 5. social problem in contemporary India. economic systemssocialism and capitalism. To study and perform experiment . History of Indian national movement. To study and perform experiment. status and role.Brief History of Indian Constitution. To study and perform experiment -Voltage comparator circuit using IC-710. Concept of international trade. (a) Operation of digital multiplexer and demultiplexer. Elasticity of demand & supply and applications. UNIT 3 : THE FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS – Meaning. Determination of exchange rate. Central Economic Problems.

All pass filter. Comparators. triangular wave. Properties of Z transform. Capture range. Ideal & Real sampling. Voltage to frequency & Frequency to voltage converters. UNIT 4 : PHASE-LOCKED LOOPS: Operating Principles of PLL.Op-amp configurations with feedback. signal synchronizer and frequency synthesizer. Applications of PLL as FM detector. UNIT 5 : SAMPLING : Mathematical theory of sampling. domain. Basic blocks of linear IC voltage regulators. Lock range. high pass. The region of convergence for the Z-transform. Linear time invariant systems . UNIT 5 : LINEAR IC’s: Four quadrant multiplier & its applications. Properties of systems. UNIT 3 : FOURIER TRANSFORM: The continuous time Fourier transform for periodic and aperiodic signals. UNIT 2 : OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER APPLICATIONS: Integrator. Adder. Two dimensional Z-transform. band pass and band reject filters. Three terminal voltage regulators. Op-amp parameters. Laplace transform. Positive and negative voltage regulators. Properties of Laplace Transform. frequency translator. FSK demodulator. Discrete time Fourier transform for periodic and aperiodic signals. Continuous time filters & Discrete time filters described by Diff. UNIT 4 : Z-TRANSFORM & LAPLACE TRANSFORM : Introduction. phase shifter. The 555 timer as astable and monostable multivibrators. Quadrature. Inverting and NonInverting configuration. The convolution and modulation property. Butterworth filter design. equation. Linear Model of PLL. Fourier series representation of Discrete periodic signal & its properties. LM 565 PLL.doc PG-1 5EC1 SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION : Continuous time and discrete time systems. sawtooth oscillators. Schmitt trigger. Wien bridge. Switched capacitor filter. AM detector.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). 5EC2 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS UNIT 1 : OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: Basic differential amplifier analysis. Properties of DTFT. UNIT 2 : FOURIER SERIES REPRESENTATION OF SIGNALS : Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signal & its properties. Application of Laplace transform to system analysis. Differentiator. tracking filter. . Aliasing. Discrete time systems described by difference equations. Properties of CTFT. Interpolation technique for the reconstruction of a signal from its samples. Convolution. Sampling theorem. UNIT 3 : ACTIVE FILTERS: Low pass. Single ended and double ended configurations . Properties of LTI systems and their block diagrams. Voltage controlled oscillators. Sampling in freq. Zero crossing detector. square wave.continuous time and discrete time. Sampling of discrete time signals. Chebyshev Filter design. The Inverse Z-transform. Building blocks of PLL. Oscillators: Phase shift.

Introduction to switching networks. UNIT 2 : AMPLITUDE MODULATION : Frequency translation. half wave and lines of other lengths. Super heterodyne receivers. Recovery of base band signal. symmetrical and Asymmetrical two port networks. and reflection on a line. UNIT 3 : ATTENUATORS & FILTERS: Elements of telephone transmission networks. π-section & T-section attenuators. Spectrum & power relations in AM systems. line constant. FM & PM. UNIT 5: AUTOMATIC TELEPHONY & TELEGRAPHY: Trunking concepts. Transmission lines at audio and radio frequencies. PWM. Different Attenuators. m-derived filter sections. FM transmitters & receivers. measurement of attenuation.. Ladder type. UNIT 3: FREQUENCY MODULATION : Phase & freq. constant K-section. AM-DSB/SC and AM-SSB signals. UNIT 4 : TELEPHONE TRANSMISSION: Telephone set. PAM. Multi-channel systems: Frequency division & time division multiplexing. Networks with reactive elements. Single & double Stub matching. cross talk. two wire/ four wire transmission. PLL demodulator. Noise calculation of square law demodulator & envelope detector. PAM-TDM. stub matching. 5EC4 ANALOG COMMUNICATION UNIT 1: NOISE EFFECTS IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: Resistor noise. Noise temperature. Modulation & detector circuits for AM systems.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). infinite line. PPM modulation and demodulation methods. Spectrum & band width of a sinusoidally modulated FM signal. Lattics filter section. SWR of line with different type of terminations. Generation & demodulation of FM signals. Distortion less and dissipation less lines. DSB with carrier. UNIT 5: PULSE ANALOG MODULATION : Practical aspects of sampling: Natural and flat top sampling.Numberig Plan.doc PG-2 5EC3 TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING UNIT 1 : TRANSMISSION LINE: Types of transmission lines. Threshold in FM. Calculation of S/N ratio in FM demodulators. UNIT 4: NOISE IN AM AND FM: Calculation of signal-to-noise ratio in SSB-SC. Characteristics of quarter wave. Echo suppressors & cancellors. Noise figure. Transmission line applications. Transmission equalizers Filters. T-section filter.. effective input noise temperature. Touch tone dial types. reflection coefficient and standing wave ratio. UNIT 2 :TRANSMISSION LINE APPLICATIONS:Smith chart and its application. Coaxial cables. DSB-SC. Grade of service. Impedance matching Network. equivalent circuits. Traffic definitions. Methods of generation & demodulation of AM-DSB. . Fascimile services. π-section. Principle of Electronic Exchange. Pre emphasis & deemphasis. Narrow band & wide band FM. general transmission line equation. Measurement of parameters of transmission line. Noise bandwidth. phasor diagram. EPABX and SPC Digital telephone Exchange. insertion loss. modulation & their relationship. Losses in transmission line. Noise figure & equivalent noise temperature in cascaded circuits. classification of switching systems. AM transmitters & receivers. Comparison of AM.

MONITORING AND SAFETY MEASURES: Elements of Intensive care monitoring basic hospital systems and components. ERG. data acquisition and processing. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM MEASUREMENTS: Measurement of blood pressure. Applications of Laser. blood flow. ventilators. ENG. Echocardiograph. Waveguide corners. Rectangular Waveguides . Rectangular cavity and circular cavity resonators. Standards & practices. MRI. Construction. UNIT 2: BIOPOTENTIALS: Electrical activity of excitable cells. medical use of isotopes. MEDICAL IMAGING: Diagnostic X-rays. Forward wave cross field amplifier. frequency angle and voltage tunable magnetrons. Construction and operation of two cavity & multicavity klystrons. Ultrasonography. Electrode theory. UNIT 4 : TRAVELLING WAVE TUBES (TWT): Construction. thermography. ECG. Introduction to coaxial. Directional couplers. working and operation of Reflex klystron. TRANSDUCERS AND ELECTRODES: Principles and classification of transducers for Bio-medical applications.doc PG-3 5EC5 MICROWAVE ENGINEERING-I UNIT 1 : WAVE GUIDES :Introduction of Microwaves and their applications. operation. heart sounds. analysis and practical consideration of cavity or travelling wave magnetron. UNIT 4: PATIENT CARE. Power transmission and Power losses. TEM mode of propagation. Applegate diagram and applications of two cavity klystrons. UNIT 2 : WAVEGUIDE COMPONENTS : Scattering matrix representation of networks. physiological effect of electric current shock hazards from electrical equipment. EMG. Excitation of modes in Rectangular waveguides. circular waveguides : Basic idea of TE and TM modes. Circulators and isolators. Applications and practical considerations. muscle stimulators. mechanical and chemical activities. power output and frequency characteristics of a Reflex klystron. Hematology. . O2 and CO2 concentration in blood. COMPUTER APPLICATIONS AND BIOTELEMETRY: Real time computer applications. 5EC6.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). Waveguide Tees. UNIT 5: THERAPEUTIC AND PROSTHETIC DEVICES: Introduction to cardiac pacemakers. UNIT 5 : MAGNETRON : Types of Magnetron. UNIT 3 : KLYSTRONS : Limitation of conventional vacuum tubes. cardiac output. chromatography. remote data recording and management. Coupled cavity TWT. safety measures. Neuron potential. their electrical. endoscopy. hemoglobin measurement. Hemodialysis. GSR measurement. field patterns. Construction. Instrumentation for clinical laboratory: Spectrophotometry. Measurement of pH value. Introduction to CW power. muscular. Bends and twists. Applications of TWT. Velocity modulation. pulsed dual mode TWT. heart lung machine. diathermy. Electron admittance. Plethysmograph.1 BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION UNIT 1 : HUMAN BODY SUBSYSTEMS: Brief description of neural. Velocity modulation and electron bunching (analytical treatment). concentration in blood. UNIT 3 : INSTRUMENTATION FOR CLINICAL LABORATORY: Measurement of pH valve of blood. Electrocardiograph. operation and practical consideration of helix type TWT. Hybrid rings. different types of electrodes. ESR measurement. cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Solution of Wave equation in TE and TM modes. EEG. defibrillators. cardiac rate. Magic Tees. Selection criteria for transducers and electrodes. Backward cross field oscillator. CAT. phonocardiograph.

Definitions and operations on weight balanced trees (Huffman trees). UNIT 2 : SOLUTION OF LINEAR EQUATIONS: Cramer’s rule. binomial trees.Single source shortest path and all pair shortest path algorithms. Structure and potential function of Fibonacci heap. priority queues and concatenable queues using 2-3 trees. UNIT 3 : GRAPH THEORY DEFINITIONS . Circuits. Curve fitting. Computer programs for matrix inversion.trees and 2-3-4 heaps. Min-Cut Max-Flow theorem of network flows. UNIT 4 : GRAPH THEORETIC ALGORETHMS . 5EC6. strongly connected components and. Rank of a matrix. Modified Euler’s method. UNIT 4 : SOLUTION OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Euler’s method.Mergeable Heap operations.2 ADVANCED DATA STRUCTURES UNIT 1 : ADVANCED TREES . . Kuratovski’s two graphs.doc PG-4 5EC6. Laplace equation and wave equation Milne’s and their implementation in C. fitting a straight line. 2-3-4. Inverse of a matrix. UNIT 2 : MERGEABLE HEAPS .Definitions of Isomorphism. articulation point. Runge Kutta method of fourth order. Matrix inversion by Gauss elimination. Solution of partial differential equation with special reference to heat equation. Augmenting Red-Black trees to dynamic order statistics and interval tree applications. Gauss Jordan elimination and Gauss Seidal iterative method and their implementation in C.3 COMPUTER ORIENTED NUMERICAL & STATISTICAL METHODS UNIT 1 : MATRIX COMPUTATION: Algebra of matrix. Components. parabola. UNIT 3 : SOLUTION OF NON-LINEAR EQUATIONS: Interval bisection method. Fundamental Circuits. finding all spanning trees in a weighted graph and planarity testing. Ford-Fulkerson Max Flow algorithms.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). Cut-sets. UNIT 5 : APPLICATION OF GRAPHS. Planer and dual graphs. Secant method. Operations on disjoint sets and its Union-Find problem. Correlation and Linear regression. Gauss elimination. Method of least squares and their implementation in C. Cut-Vertices. implementing binomial heaps and its operations.Algorithms for connectedness. RegulaFalsi method. topological sort. 2-3 trees and Red-Black trees. Breadth first and depth first search. Spanning trees. Implementing Fibonacci Heap. UNIT 5 : STATISTICAL METHODS: Curve fitting methods – method of least squares. discitionerics. Implementing sets.

4. Design Band Pass and Band reject Active filters using Op-Amp 741. Drawing polar pattern of Horn antenna. To observe the action of directional coupler and its use in separating incident & reflected wave. 2. Design Triangular & square wave generator using 555 timer. Study of Magic Tee. Design Amplifier (for given gain) using Bipolar Junction Transistor. 10. 5.doc PG-5 5EC7 ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING DESIGN LAB To design the following circuits. 5EC8 MICROWAVE ENGINEERING LAB 1. Study of various microwave components and instruments like frequency meter. 5. attenuator. Op-Amp in inverting and non-inverting modes. band reject filters. band pass. Simulation of these circuits with the help of appropriate software. summer and voltage follower. 1. 9. Measurement of VSWR (small as well as large values) & reflection coefficient. detector & VSWR meter. Draw V-I characteristics of microwave source like Gunn diode/ Reflex Klystron. Design Oscillators using Op-Amp (i) RC phase shift (ii) Hartley (iii) Colpitts 8. Design LPF and HPF using Op-Amp 741 6. Measure an unknown impedance with smith chart. 6. Op-Amp as scalar. Measurement of frequency and wavelength in a rectangular waveguide. Circulator. 2. high pass. measure the output-offset voltage and reduce it to zero and calculate slew rate.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). . 4. Design (i) Astable (ii) Monostable multivibrators using IC-555 timer 9. 3. Op-Amp as differentiator and integrator. assemble these on bread board and test them. Draw the following characteristics of Gunn Diode (i) Output power and frequency as a function of voltage (ii) Square wave modulation by PIN diode. Op-Amp characteristics and get data for input bias current. isolator 10. Study of spectrum analyzer & its use in observing the response of (i) High frequency amplifier (ii) Low pass. 7. 3. 8. 7.

8. To study & observe the operation of a super heterodyne receiver. σx2) 9. 4. To generate a random binary wave. 1). (c) Gaussion distributions: N (mx. Modulate a sinusoidal signal with high frequency carrier to obtain FM signal. 7.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). Demodulation of the FM signal.doc PG-6 5EC9 COMMUNICATION LAB-I 1. 2. (c) To study the effects of changing the sampling frequency & observing aliasing phenomena. Harmonic analysis of a square wave of a modulated wave form. 6. Generation of Continuous and Discrete Unit Step Signal.1). 2. 10. PWM & PPM: Modulation and demodulation. To plot the probability density functions. 3. Continuous and discrete time Convolution (using basic definition). Generation of continuous and discrete elementary signals (periodic and non-periodic) using mathematical expression. Find mean and variance for the above distributions . Generation of Exponential and Ramp signals in Continuous & Discrete domain. (a) To observe the operation of sampling and sample & hold circuits. 7. 5. Observe the Amplitude modulated wave form & measure modulation index. To study & observe the amplitude response of automatic gain controller (AGC ). 4. 9. PAM. (Continuous as well as Discrete signals) 6. 3. (c) Transmission with standing waves on a Transmission line. 5EC10 – SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB-I Simulation in MATLAB Environment: 1. (b) To study the effect of sampling time (sampling pulse width). Adding and subtracting two given signals. (b) The effect of losses in transmission line. Demodulation of AM signal. means and variances for following : (a) Rayleigh distribution (b) Normal distributions: N(0. Generation & Demodulation of DSB – SC signal. (d) The resonance characteristics of a half-wave length long X-mission line. To observe the following in a transmission line demonstrator kit : (a) The propagation of pulse in non reflecting transmission line. To generate uniform random numbers between (0. 8. To generate random sequences with arbitrary distributions. 5.

Transitions. Instruction set. 6EC2 MICROPROCESSOR AND MICROCONTROLLER UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION: CPU. Materials. UNIT 5 : MONOLITHIC MICOWAVE INTEGRATED CIRCUITS : Introduction. data bus and control bus. Programming and debugging. Interfacing and applications. peripheral devices and memory organization. address bus. Input/ Output devices. Microwave power measurement. Conversions between two port network Signal flow graphs. Bends and Discontinuities. Hybrid integrated circuit fabrication. encoders. timers and interrupts. MMIC Growth. UNIT 2 : 8085 MICROPROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE: Internal data operations and registers. Measurement of scattering parameters. BJT. UNIT 5: INTRODUCTION TO 8051 MICROCONTROLLER: General features & architecture of 8051. 8253. latches and memories. UNIT 4 : 8085 MICROPROCESSOR INTERFACING: 8259. Gunn diode. varactor and Tunnel diode. CISC and RISC architecture overview.doc PG-7 6EC1-MICROWAVE ENGINEERING-II UNIT 1 : MICROWAVE MEASUREMENTS : Detection of microwaves. .D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). Equivalent circuits for Two port Network. Operation and Practical applications of PIN diode. Scattering matrix. Thin film formation. MASER and LASER. 8257. Reciprocal networks and Loss less networks parameters. pins and signals. buffers. Memory. TRAPTT diodes. IMPATT. Shielded striplines. VSWR measurements. UNIT 3 : MICROWAVE NETWORK ANALYSIS: Impedance and Admittance matrices. MOSFET fabrication. ABCD Matrix. Non-radiative guide. Frequency measurement. Parallel striplines. format and timing. Advantages & Difficulties of MICs. UNIT 3 : 8085 MICROPROCESSOR INSTRUCTIONS: Classification. interrupts. Pin details. 8155 chips and their applications. memory. 8255. JFET. Impedance measurement. UNIT 2: Introduction to microstrip lines. A/D conversion. Integrated Fin line. UNIT 4 : MICROWAVE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES : Construction. Coplanar striplines. MESFET. 8 bit and 16 bit instructions. Slot lines. keyboard and display interface (8279). Discontinuities in waveguides and microstrip. CCD.

Information rate. . Diac. Signal to quantization noise ratio in PCM and delta modulation. UNIT 5: Stepper Motors: Variable reluctance. ASK. UNIT 4: MOTOR CONTROL: Introduction to speed control of DC motors using phase controlled converters and choppers. UNIT 2: RECTIFIERS & INVERTERS . Hamming code. UNIT 2 : BASE BAND TRANSMISSION: Line coding(RZ.doc PG-8 6EC3 INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS UNIT 1: SEMICONDUCTOR POWER DEVICES . Average Information. T1 Carrier System. Capacity of a Gaussian Channel. Voltage and current source inverters. Calculation of error probabilities. Pulse shaping.Bipolar. Linear Block code.Orthogonalization. ADM. Basic idea of speed control of three phase induction motors using voltage and frequency control methods. UNIT 3: POWER SUPPLIES: Principle of operation of choppers.NRZ): Polar. Permanent magnet and hybrid stepper motors. Power Transistor. Step up. Step down and reversible choppers. and GTO. Induction and dielectric heating control. UNIT 5: CODING: Coding and decoding of Information. DPCM. BPSK. Boost converter and buck-boost converter. forward/buck converter. Matched filter detection. Nyquist criterion. cyclic code & convolutional code. MOSFETs. 6EC4 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION . UNIT 4 : INFORMATION THEORY : Amount of Information. Shannon's Theorem and Shannon's bound. PCM and delta modulation. Increase in Average information per bit by coding.Working principles of single and three phase bridge rectifiers. High frequency electronic ballast.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). Inter symbol interference. Error probability in PCM system. IGBT. Triac. QPSK. MSK modulation techniques and Coherent detection of these techniques.AMI.Manchester. UNIT 1 : PCM & DELTA MODULATION SYSTEMS : Uniform and Non-uniform quantization. Raised cosine spectrum.Basic characteristics & working of Power Diodes. Switch Mode Power Supply: Fly back converter. Entropy. UNIT 2 : DIGITAL MODULATION TECHNIQUES : Geometric interpretation of signals. Single Parity-Bit Code. Uninterruptible Power Supply. BFSK. BW-S/N trade off. SCR.

Network architectures. UNIT 2 : TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF FIRST ORDER & SECOND ORDER SYSTEMS: Transient response analysis. Root locus method of analysis. Differential equations. Hessian Matrix. UNIT 3 : FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHODS: Bode plot. Back-Propagation Algorithm. Summary of SOM Algorithm. UNIT 4: STABILITY OF THE SYSTEM: Absolute stability and relative stability. Dynamic error and dynamic error coefficient. Concepts of controllability & observability. Error –Correction learning. Learning with a Teacher & without a teacher. Hebbian learning. XOR Problem. Steady state error & error constants. Perceptron Convergence Theorem. Brief idea of state variable analysis in discrete time domain. UNIT 5: RADIAL-BASIS FUNCTION NETWORKS & SELF-ORGANISING MAPS: Introduction to Radial basis function networks. Transfer functions. M and N loci. Memory. UNIT 3: SINGLE LAYER PERCEPTRONS: Introduction. UNIT 2: LEARNING PROCESSES: Introduction.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). Determination of transfer function by block diagram reduction technique & signal flow graph method. Biological basis for NN. . Brief idea of multivariable control system. Boltzmann learning. Generalized Radial-Basis function networks. Output representation and Decision rule. Adaptation. Memory –based learning. Self-Organizing map.1 NEURAL NETWORKS UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION: Introduction to Neural Networks. Feature Detection. Perceptron. Models of a Neuron. UNIT 4: MULTI LAYER PERCEPTRONS: Introduction. Properties of the feature map. Solution of state equation. Competitive learning. 6EC6. Directed Graphs. XOR Problem. Learning Curves. state variable and state model. Nicholas charts. Polar plots. Interpolation Problem. Human brain. Feedback. Artificial intelligence & Neural Networks. Learning rate Annealing Techniques. Design specification in frequency domain and their co-relation with time domain. Cover’s Theorem on the Separability of Patterns. Nyquist stability criterion. Performance Indices. Generalization. Back-Propagation and Differentiation. Least-mean-square algorithm. Hurwitz criterion. UNIT 5 : STATE VARIABLE ANALYSIS: Concepts of state. Knowledge representation. State models for linear continuous time systems. Routh’s stability criterion.doc PG-9 6EC5 CONTROL SYSTEMS UNIT 1 : CONTROL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND COMPONENTS: Examples and application of open loop and close loop systems. Brief idea of Z-transform and digital control systems. learning tasks.

UNIT 2 : HARDWARE TAXONOMY – Flynn’s classification. interconnection RAMs. Sorting etc. Handler’s classification.doc PG-10 6EC6.Unconstrained optimization techniques.Synchronous and asynchronous paradigms of parallel computing. post optimality analysis. Constrained optimization. Classification of optimization problems. PRAM models. benchmarks. metrics-speed up. Transportation and assignment problems. Duality in linear programming. Descent methods. Kung’s taxonomy. UNIT 5: Dynamic Programming: Introduction. communication. Direct search methods. overheads. multi-decision processes. Linear System Solution.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). Direct and Indirect methods. Revised simplex method. UNIT 5 : PROCESSOR ARRAYS: Basic Algorithms – Fast Fourier Transform. computational procedure . engineering application of optimization. UNIT 3: Applications of Linear programming. Software taxonomy.2 PARALLEL COMPUTATION & ARCHITECTURE UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION . 6EC6. single/multiple programme performances. UNIT 2: LINEAR PROGRAMMING . UNIT 4: NON-LINEAR PROGRAMMING . Formulation of design problems as a mathematical programming problem.Simplex methods. UNIT 4 : PARALLEL PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: Performances Matrices – Laws governing performance measurements. UNIT 3 : ABSTRACT PARALLEL COMPUTATIONAL MODELS – Combinational circuits. Sorting networks.3 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION -Historical development. efficiency utilization. SPMD.

10. ASK. Program to perform integer division: (i) 8-bit by 8-bit (ii) 16-bit by 8-bit. memory structure and operation of 8085 microprocessor kit. (b) To observe the Transmission of two signals over a single channel using sampling methods. To carry out convolution in both continuous time and discrete time systems.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC).). 8. 6. . 8. 9. Generate the FSK wave forms & demodulate the FSK signals based on the properties of (a) Tuned circuits (b) PLL Generate the PSK signals and demodulate it. Bi-polar. 5. Perform various keying Techniques: PSK. Observe the performance of a Delta modulation system & to derive from it a delta sigma modulation system. Generate ASK signals. TDM-PAM: Modulation & demodulation. 7. 6EC8 MICROPROCESOR LAB 1. To insert a number at correct place in a sorted array. Programme for rolling display of message “INDIAN”. Generation of different waveform on 8253/ 8254 programmable timer. FSK & MSK. Simulation using any virtual Instrumentation Software: 10. 4 5. Manchester. 2. Sorting of array in: (i) Ascending (ii) Descending order Programme to perform following conversion: (i) BCD to ASCII (ii) BCD to Hexadecimal Programme to multiply two 8-bit numbers. 4. Study the hardware. 6. 12. (a) To observe sampling of analog signal. 3. 7. functions. Identify & solve the aliasing problem. Programme to generate and sum 15 fibanocci numbers. Companding and multiplexing of PCM signals. Serial and Parallel data transfer on output port 8155 & 8255 & designing of disco light. 11. 12. Transfer of a block of data in memory to another place in memory in the direct and reverse order. 2. 11. Searching a number in an array and finding its parity. To generate and study the various data formatting schemes (Unipolar. 3. 9.AMI etc. with and without carrier suppression. and sequential lights on off by above hardware.doc PG-11 6EC7 COMMUNICATION LAB-II 1. Demodulation of these two types of modulated signal. TDM-PCM: Modulation & demodulation. running light. Operation of a PCM encoder & decoder.

Write a shell script to print end of a Glossary file in reverse order using Array. 10 Perform experiment on buck. Shell Programming: Shell script exercises based on following (i) Interactive shell scripts (ii) Positional parameters (iii) Arithmetic (iv) if-then-fi. case structure (vii) while. (iv) Print lines matching certain word pattern.ulimit. 2.1 R-triggering circuit. copy the two files at \$USER/CSC/2007 directory. 7 Study and obtain the waveforms for voltage-commutated chopper. Follow the instructions (i) Input a page profile to yourself.3 Measure latching and holding current. Write a shell script to change data format . . (Use awk tail) 10. if-then-else-fi. boost and buck-boost regulators. (ii) Printing Column list of files in your home directory (iii) Listing your job with below normal priority (iv) Continue running your job after logging out. for loops.doc PG-12 6EC9 UNIX SHELL PROGRAMMING LAB 1. Write a shell script to count lines.du.4 V-I characteristics. Continue checking further after every 30 seconds till success. 5 Study and obtain the waveforms for single-phase half controlled symmetrical and asymmetrical bridge converters. 6 Study and obtain the waveforms for single-phase fully controlled bridge converter.cat.sort.mkdir.cd. Write a shell script to print files names in a directory showing date of creation & serial number of the file. 1.rmdir. 2. 9. 3. Write a shell script to check whether Ram logged in. mails. 8 Study and obtain the waveforms for current-commutated chopper.3 UJT triggering circuit.banner. (ii) Start printing file at certain line (iii) Print all the difference between two file. process control commands. until. Study the characteristics of SCR.cut. use of break (viii) Metacharacters (ix) System administration: disk management and daily administration 4. 6EC10 INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS LAB 1. 1.grep. 2 Perform experiment on triggering circuits for SCR. 9 Perform experiment on single phase PWM inverter. 1. 5. 2. nested if-else (v) Logical operators (vi) else + if equals elif. copy it into other existing file. words and characters in its input(do not use wc).file.1 Observe the terminal configuration. Commands related to Inode. 8. Use of Basic Unix Shell Commands: ls.dfspace.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED III BTechSYLL(EC). 2. Write a shell script to create a file in \$USER /class/batch directory. dd. 3 Study and obtain the characteristics of Diac.Show the time taken in execution of this script. 4 Study and obtain the waveforms for single-phase half-wave controlled converter. 11 Perform experiment on Motor control – open loop & closed loop.wc. 7. 1.2 R-C triggering circuit.2 Measure the breakdown voltage.touch. Write shell script for(i) Showing the count of users logged in.I/O redirection and piping. 6.

Reflection.V and Rhombic antennas. Transposed forms. Hamming & Kaiser. Processing of speech signals: Vocoders. Multiple hop transmission.doc PG-1 7EC1. Analog filter Design: Butterworth & Chebyshev. Quarter & half wave antenna.Introduction. Effect of ground on antennas. Minimum-Phase systems.Antenna impedance. Virtual height. Frequency independent antennas. UNIT 3 : STRUCTURES FOR DISCRETE-TIME SYSTEMS. Critical frequency. polarization and phase measurements UNIT 4 : RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION . UNIT 2 : TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF LTI SYSTEMS . UNIT 5 : Various Ionospheric layers. Multiplication of patterns. linear predictive coders. Properties of the DFT. changing the sampling rate using discrete-time processing. impedance and directional characteristics of antenna. Linear systems with linear phase.Block diagram and signal flow graph representation of LCCD (LCCD – Linear Constant Coefficient Difference) equations. Folded dipole. directivity. Reciprocity theorem. skipzone & maximum usable frequency. Radiation from a current element in free space. Refraction interference and diffraction of radio waves. radiation resistance. radiation pattern. Antenna loading Antenna Measurements . gain.Antenna parameters.Introduction. Duct propagation and tropospheric scattering. UNIT 5 : The Discrete Fourier transform (DFT). collinear and combination arrays.ANTENNA & WAVE PROPAGATION UNIT 1 : ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS . Hanning.UHF and Microwave antennas. polarization. directivity. Yagi-Uda antenna. Plane earth reflection. UNIT 4 : FILTER DESIGN TECHNIQUES . efficiency. . beamwidth. Helical antennas. Reflection factors for horizontal and vertical polarizations.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED IV BTech SYLL(EC). Fundamentals of Slot and Microstrip antennas. All-pass system. 7EC2 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT 1 : SAMPLING . antenna temperature. Efficient computation of the DFT: Decimation–in-Time and Decimation-in frequency FFT Algorithms. gain.Antenna with parabolic reflectors.Two element array.Mechanism of radio wave propagation. space wave and sky wave propagation. Binomial arrays. Design of FIR filters by Windowing: Rectangular.Discrete time processing of Continuous-time signals. System functions for systems characterized by LCCD (Linear Constant Coefficient Difference) equations.IIR filter design by impulse invariance & Bilinear transformation. Characteristics of ionosphere and its effects on wave propagation. solar activity and meteorological conditions on wave propagation. UNIT 2 : ANTENNA ARRAYS . Square and Circular loop antennas. Effect of earth's magnetic field. Oblique & vertical incidence transmission. The frequency response of LTI systems. End fire. Horn and Lens antennas. Linear Convolution using DFT. Broadside. . continuous-time processing of discrete-time signals. Effective length and aperature. Log-periodic antennas. Basic structures for IIR and FIR systems. N-element linear arrays.UNIT 3 : ANTENNAS . Resonant and non-resonant antenna. Theory of ground wave.

Transistor Transconductance gm. UNIT 4 : DIGITAL INTERFACING: Programmable parallel ports. MOS transistor circuit Model.Assembly language programming: addressing mode and instructions of 8086.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED IV BTech SYLL(EC). shift registers. UNIT 5 : Introduction to VHDL. UNIT 5 : MULTIPROCESSOR CONFIGURATIONS . UNIT 2 : BASIC ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF MOS CIRCUITS. CMOS-Gate Transistor sizing.The inverter.Basic MOS transistors. The nMOS inverter.1 ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS UNIT 1 : 8086 ARCHITECTURE. Gate delays. Prolog & other design tools. Assembler Directives and operators. 2 input CMOS Multiplexer. Enhancement Mode transistor action. MACRO programming. Minimum and maximum mode.doc PG-3 7EC5 VLSI DESIGN UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION TO MOS TECHNOLOGY. Internal data operations and Registers. 386. Combinational Logic. Memory latches and registers. Pull up to Pull-down ratio for a NMOS Inverter and CMOS Inverter (Bn/Bp). Linking and execution of Programs. NMOS and CMOS fabrication. RS 232 & IEEE 488 communication standards. 8086 based Multiprocessor systems. UNIT 4 : Basic physical design of simple Gates and Layout issues. Transmission Gate. System Bus Timing.Ids versus Vds relationship. UNIT 3 : CMOS LOGIC CIRCUITS. Layout issues for inverter. Layout for NAND and NOR Gates. Power dissipation. 486 & Pentium processors. DMA controller. Complex Logic gates Layout. Compound Gates. Interfacing microprocessor to keyboard and alphanumeric displays. Introduction and basic features of 286.Hardware specifications. . Depletion Mode transistor action. flip-flops. Layout optimization for performance. Aspects of threshold voltage. UNIT 3: ANALOG INTERFACING: A/D and D/A converter interfacing. Memory interfacing and Decoding . UNIT 2: SOFTWARE & INSTRUCTION SET. VHDL Code for simple Logic gates. NAND Gate NOR gate. Noise Margin. 8086 interrupts.Multiuser / Multitasking operating system concepts. keyboard and display interfacing. Pins and signals. 7EC6.

Evaluation. Capability-based systems.System model.File and directory concept. matching techniques. Knowledge Base System Knowledge organization & manipulation. responsibilities. learning by induction. and representations using rules.Swapping. Object Oriented Representations. UNIT 2 : KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION. Access methods. non-production. WINDOWS. Operating system services. . Free space management. knowledge organization & management. UNIT 3 : MEMORY MANAGEMENT. Programthreats. Pure paging. Firewall. UNIT 4 : KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE. UNIT 3 : KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION & MANIPULATION.2 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE & EXPERT SYSTEMS UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION TO AI KNOWLEDGE. Protection. Criteria. Efficiency and performance. scheduling algorithms. Dead lock characterization. Avoidance. Inference Rules. Disk Scheduling. Monitors. Conceptual Introduction to LISP and other AI programming Languages. UNIT 4 : INFORMATION MANAGEMENT.General concepts. Example-Pentium. Non-deductive Inference methods. Fuzzy Logic & Natural languages computations.doc PG-4 7EC6. Detection. LINUX.3 OPERATING SYSTEMS UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION – History. forward chaining and backward chaining. Paging. UNIT 5 : KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION.Syntax Semantics. Scheduling. Deadlock prevention. types. Access matrix. thrashing. Process state. Continuous memory allocation. Page-replacement algorithms. Genetic Algorithms based search techniques. Demand paging.D:\Electronics_APPROVED RTU SYLLABUSES\BTech (EC) RTU\MODIFIED IV BTech SYLL(EC).Importance of AI. Recovery. 7EC6. uncertainty knowledge system building tools. Classic problems of synchronization.Operations on process.Rule based. Semaphores. UNIT 2 : PROCESS MANAGEMENT. Synchronization. generations. UNIT 5 : DEAD LOCKS. User authentication.Search & control strategies. Probabilistic Reasoning.