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CNNA Exploration 4.0 Semester 3 - LAN Switching and Wireless - Summary

CNNA Exploration 4.0 Semester 3 - LAN Switching and Wireless - Summary

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Published by Joop Mikroob
CNNA Exploration 4.0 semester 3 - LAN Switching and Wireless - summary
CNNA Exploration 4.0 semester 3 - LAN Switching and Wireless - summary

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Published by: Joop Mikroob on May 24, 2011
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06/19/2013

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A port on a switch needs to be configured with duplex settings that match the media type. Later in this chapter, you
will configure duplex settings. The Cisco Catalyst switches have three settings:

The auto option sets autonegotiation of duplex mode. With autonegotiation enabled, the two ports
communicate to decide the best mode of operation.
The full option sets full-duplex mode.
The half option sets half-duplex mode.

For Fast Ethernet and 10/100/1000 ports, the default is auto. For 100BASE-FX ports, the default is full. The
10/100/1000 ports operate in either half- or full-duplex mode when they are set to 10 or 100 Mb/s, but when set to
1,000 Mb/s, they operate only in full-duplex mode.

Note: Autonegotiation can produce unpredictable results. By default, when autonegotiation fails, the Catalyst switch
sets the corresponding switch port to half-duplex mode. This type of failure happens when an attached device does
not support autonegotiation. If the device is manually configured to operate in half-duplex mode, it matches the
default mode of the switch. However, autonegotiation errors can happen if the device is manually configured to
operate in full-duplex mode. Having half-duplex on one end and full-duplex on the other causes late collision errors
at the half-duplex end. To avoid this situation, manually set the duplex parameters of the switch to match the
attached device. If the switch port is in full-duplex mode and the attached device is in half-duplex mode, check for
FCS errors on the switch full-duplex port.

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