This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
y Bartlett referred to these complete mental pictures of how things are expected to be as Schemas. y We tend to see and interpret and recall what we see according to what we expect and assume is 'normal' in a given situation. y y .Bartlett (1932) Bartlett's theory of Reconstructive Memory is crucial to an understanding of the reliability of eye witness testimony (EWT) as he suggested that recall is subject to personal interpretation dependent on our learnt or cultural norms and values.the way we make sense of our world. These schemas may. be determined by social values and therefore prejudice.Schemas Reconstructive Memory . in part.
y . Schemas are therefore capable of distorting unfamiliar or unconsciously 'unacceptable' information in order to 'fit in' with our existing knowledge or schemas. therefore. This can. result in unreliable eyewitness testimony... y Bartlett tested this theory using a variety of stories to illustrate that memory is an active process and subject to individual interpretation or construction.Memory is an active process.
Native American Canoes .
and they heard the noise of paddles and saw one canoe coming up to them. He was dead. one of the young men heard one of the warriors say. 'Behold. But presently. 'Oh. His face became contorted. 'I will not go along. 'I have no arrows. and then he became quiet.The War of the Ghosts y y y y y y y y y The War of the Ghosts. but I did not feel sick. . he fell down. One night two young men from Egulac went down to the river to hunt seals. That Indian has been hit.' One of the young men said. I accompanied the ghosts. My relatives do not know where I have gone. And the warriors went on up the river to a town on the other side of Kalama.' So one of the young men went. So the canoes went back to Egulac.' he said. turning to the other. Something black came out of his mouth. But you. We are going up the river to make war on the people. they are ghosts. The people jumped up and cried. And he told everybody and said.' He told it all. but he had been shot. When the sun rose.' They escaped to the shore. I might be killed.' Now he thought. They said I was hit. 'Quick let us go home. and many were killed. Many of our fellows were killed and many of those that attacked us were killed. and hid behind a log.' 'Arrows are in the canoe. The people came down to the water and began to fight. but the other returned home. Now canoes came up.' they said. 'May go with them. There were five men in the canoe and they said. 'What do you think? We wish to take you along. and we went to fight. and the young man went back to his house and made a fire.' He did not feel sick. Then they heard war cries and they thought. and while they were it became foggy and calm. 'Maybe this is a war-party.
y According to Bartlett your recall will show a westernised interpretation of this American Indian folk tale thus illustrating your subjective memory construction rather than accurate objective recall of events. How might this idea be applied to eyewitness testimony of criminal occurrences ? . We fit information into our all ready existing schema.