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Apuntes de Inglés

Apuntes de Inglés

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Published by Alejandra Montero

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Published by: Alejandra Montero on May 25, 2011
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Apuntes de Inglés

 SOME / ANY:  We use SOME or ANY with plural countable nouns (pens, friends, books, etc.,) E.G.: I bought some new pens yesterday / John doesn´t have any friends / Do you have any books about Africa?  We use SOME or ANY with uncountable nouns (money, information, advice, news, music, coffee, milk, water, snow). E.G: I haven´t got any money / did the teacher give you any advice? / I would like some coffee please.  Positive: we normally use SOME in positive sentences: She took some photos / I´d like some information. But, we sometimes use any like this: You can leave at any time. (It doesn´t matter when you leave) / take any book (It doesn t matter which book you take) y Negative: we usually use ANY in negative sentences: I didn´t see any good films last year. / we haven´t got any foods. y Questions: we use ANY in questions: Do you speak any Russian? But, we use SOME when we ask for sometimes in particular: Can you give some information? / Would you like some coffee? Spelling Rules  We use SOME with uncountable nouns, NOT a/an  We use SOME with countable nouns, but only in the plural  We can use countable & uncountable nouns after phrases of quantity, such as; jar, bottle, piece, loaf, cup, bar, glass, kilo, carton, bowl, jog, slice, packet + of. E.G.: a jar of marmalade, a piece of pie, a bar of chocolate.

MUCH & MANY: we use much and many to talk about the quantity. We normally use much and many in negative sentences.

. and we often say much.I bought a lot of new books today But. y MUCH / MAY / MORE without a noun: How much did that coast cost? A: That cake was delicious B: Would you like some more? A lot of / a little / a few: . (a lot of: a big amount or number) In spoken English. we normally use a lot of in positive sentences: . in written English. We also use much to talk about quantity. more or many.We use much and many in questions.  A lot of with plural nouns: a lot of books.She´s got a lot of luggage. and how much and how many too.There´s a lot of information in this book . Spelling Rules: We use: y Much with uncountable nouns: much food much money much time much snow y Many with plural nouns: many things many people many times y More with countable plural nouns: more toasts more juice more glasses. a lot of things. a lot of information. we often use much and many in positive sentences: Britains have many problems. Spelling Rules: We use:  A lot of with uncountable nouns: a lot of luggage.

. drop the ie and take y + ing: lie liying. and take the ing suffix. but see seeing. but I don´t have much. at the moment of speaking:. double the last l. X or Y: Sew Sewing / fix fixing / enjoy enjoying  Verbs ending in l. Affirmative: I am working Negative: I´m not working Question: Am I working? Spelling Rules:  Add -ing suffix to the base of verb. read reading. happenings around now. Travel travelling  Verbs ending in ie. drop the e and take the -ing suffix: write writing. stand standing  Verbs ending in e. swim swimming. temporary actions. John? Present Continuous: We form the present continuous with the auxiliary verb to be and the main verb with the ing suffix. but not the actual moment of speaking. don´t double the last consonant in words ending in W.FEW: we can use a few and a little with more: would you like a little more of coffee? Spelling Rules: We use:  A little with uncountable nouns: I have a little money. die diying  We use the present continuous for: actions happening now. However.  A few with plural nouns: Can you wait a few minutes. double the last consonant and take de ing suffix: Sit Sitting.  Verbs ending in one stressed vowel between two consonant.

However.Past Simple: Spelling Rules:  If the verbs ends in a consonant. double the last consonant only if the last syllable is stressed: prefer preferred / visit visited  If the verb ends in consonant + y. don´t double one syllable that ending in X. W or Y: bow bowed / mix mixed / play played  In words with two or more syllables that end in C-V-C. double the final consonant and add ed: hop hopped / rub rubbed. and add ed: worry worried / carry carried  If the verb ends in a vowel + y. add ed: play played / annoy annoyed . if the verb ends in C-V-C. change the y to I. return returned / help helped  If the verbs ends in ed. add d: live lived / create created / die died  In a one syllable word. add ed.

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