"ANGLE" --- SINGLE STEEL ANGLE MEMBER ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"ANGLE" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of a single steel angle subjected to major/minor axis bending, shear and axial forces.

Program Environment: Creation Date: Design References:

Microsoft Office Excel 2003 December 12th, 2008 1. AISC Steel Construction Manual, 13th Ed. ACI 318R-05 2. AISC spreadsheet, "AISC_ShapesDatabase_v13.0-Current.xls"

This program is a workbook consisting of two (2) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name
Doc ANGLE

Description
This documentation sheet Single Steel Angle Member Analysis

Revision 1.2: 3/31/09 - Fixed a couple negative/positive errors with Shear values and its summary. - Added an easy to review summary for the results.

Program Assumptions and Limitations:
1. This spreadsheet program is intended to analyze and design a single angle member subjected to bending, shear and axial loads in both the major and minor axis for 4 various loading cases: (1) Full Lateral-torsional restraint, (2) Equal angle w/ Lateral-torsional restraint at the point of maximum moment only, (3) Equal angle w/o Lateral-torsional restraint, (4) Unequal angle w/o Lateral-torsional restraint. 2. This program assumes, if load case 3 or 4 is used, bending will only be about the major axis. 3. The available angles, using yield stress of 36ksi, are either compact or noncompact but not slender per the width-thickness ratios for compression elements of Table B4.1. 4. The steel yield and ultimate stresses are limited to 36 and 58 kips per square inch, respectively. 5. The Shear lag factor, U, is limited 0.6 per D3.3. 6. The angle sizes and member properties are from AISC spreadsheet, AISC_ShapesDatabase_v13.0-Current. 7. This program was not intended for design of angles subjected to torsion (moment in the Z-direction). 8. This program contains numerous “comment boxes” which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a “comment box” is denoted by a “red triangle” in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

2. Shear per G4 & G2.= See Table C-C2.2. 13. E5 & E7 are N/A due to unavailable slender elements in angle list.4. the max factored or unfactored shear is entered. Factored or Unfactored bending moment about the x-axis. U: Per Table D3. Weak Geometric Axis Unbraced Length. MRx: The (+/-) value determines is the angle tip is in compression or tension. Angle Size: predetermined sizes from AISC. 4. LBX. Information required includes the following: Input: 1. Vx/Vxu: Based on input of load development (see input #11) the max factored or unfactored shear is entered.: Per AISC 360-05 F2. 9. Cby: Per Eq'n F2. the lateral-torsional buckling strength should be checked for both flanges. 6. 7. Lateral-torsional buckling modification factor. CbX: Per Eq'n F2. Steel ultimate stress. Weak Geometric Axis Effective Length Factor. Pu/Pa: Based on input of load development (see input #11). 14. 5. 1. Combined flexural and axial forces per Eqn H1-1a & H1-1b.LBy.: Per AISC 360-05 F2. . Ky eff. Fy: 36ksi. Kx eff.: See Table C-C2. Strong Geometric Axis Effective Length Factor. 12. Load combination: ASD or LRFD per ASCE Load Combinations and AISC Specifications Sections B3.1 Output: To see the core formulas and organization of the calculations. 10.3. Factored or Unfactored bending moment about the x-axis. 11.Program Theory and Operation: The top of the spreadsheet screen allows for input of required information in lightly yellow highlighted boxes. 4. Factored or Unfactored shear in the direction of the y-axis. Lateral-torsional buckling modification factor. Strong Geometric Axis Unbraced Length. MRX: The (+/-) value determines is the angle tip is in compression or tension. the lateral-torsional buckling strength should be checked for both flanges. Fu: 58ksi. 3. Factored or Unfactored shear in the direction of the x-axis.1 and D3. the max factored or unfactored compression/tension force is entered. Vy/Vyu: Based on input of load development (see input #11).2. Tension per D2 & D3. Angle Load Case: Determination of the member's restaint. 2.2 15. Shear lag factor. unhide columns: I to AO. 3. Compression per E3. Steel yield stess.1 17.2 16. If loads are reversive. 8.3 & B3. Spreadsheet is protected but w/o password. If loads are reversive. Factored or Unfactored Axial load.

98 < 1.02 61.99 < 1.40 kips 19.S.00 0.= Analysis: AXIAL FORCE CAPACITY Pr/Pc= Tension Capacity= LL = L4X4X3/8 36 58 1 0.8 38 15 0 0 3 ASD in-kip kips in-kip kips ksi ksi kips LS = Kx eff.0 Mcx= Mcy= SHEAR VRX= VRY= VRX/VCX= VRY/VCY= 38. t= Sx = Sy = Zx = Zy = Flexural (per F10) CASE 1: YIELDING (angle tip is in tension) 4 IN.40 kips 0.= 0.STEEL ANGLE CAPACITY Per AISC Steel Construction Manual (13th Edition) (LRFD & ASD) [AISC 360-05] Number= Job Name: Job Number: Subject: Originator: Date: Checker: 8/11/2011 13:34 CbY = E= Input Data: Angle Size: Fy= Fu= Pa= U= MRX= Vy= MRy= Vx= Angle Case= Load Comb.00 1. ft ft 4 IN.00 2 3/ 8 IN.0 COMMENTS: λP= Compact: KLx / rx = KLy / ry = Fex = Fey = Pnx= Pny= .= LBX.77 COMBINED STRESS RATIO C.= Ky eff.00 in-kips 19. Mnx= Mny= LLB (angle tip is in compression) b/tx= b/ty= Mnx= Mny= LTB (angle tip is in compression) Mnx= Mex1 = Mex2 = Mny= Mey1 = Mey2 = 0.65 kips BENDING MOMENT CAPACTIY Mrx/Mcx= 0.R.80 in-kips 0.= CbX = CbY = Comp Case= 1 1 2 6 1.= LBy.

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