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Introduction

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Mumbai is an enormous bustling metropolis with an intense population density. It is the most populous city in India, and the second most populous city in the world, with a population of approximately 14 million. Along with the neighbouring urban areas, including the cities of Navi Mumbai and Thane, it is one of the most populous urban regions in the world.

Fig. Shows composition of materials in urban waste. This colossal population lives, works and generates thrash. Lots of thrash in the colonial age, with when the mega-city comprised of just seven islands and a miniscule population, the government simply transported all the garbage to the Deonar landfill, where it would be unceremoniously dumped in an area earmarked for garbage disposal. Over the years, Mumbai's population exploded. From a tiny fishing village it metamorphosed into the gargantuan mega-city it is today. The cotton mills grew into mega-corporations. The city and its populations steam rolled on the path of progress. Yet the garbage disposal system, never evolved. For decades, the city authorities continued to pile unprocessed garbage into the Deonar landfill, expanding it in area as the demands of the city rose.

The landfill was improved to an abattoir. hundreds of cubic meters at a time. they were being spewed into the air as well. Now.Trucks carry urban waste in huge amount. like it always has. A combination of years of government apathy. lack of foresight and unchecked expansion has caused the Deonar abattoir area to be one on the most polluted populated sites in the world. along with pollutants damaging the soil. passed the buck. environmental activism caused the government to acknowledge its mistake. and entering the water table. . But instead of taking positive steps to rectify it error. All this while the metropolis engulfed the area into its residential territories. As the new century dawned.

It comes under the Mumbai Suburban district. parliamentary constituency: 'Mumbai South Central'. It lies on the Eastern Express Highway. India. The closest railway station is Govandi. It is governed under Zone 5 – Ward M for the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation.Location: Deonar is a neighbourhood in the eastern suburb of Mumbai. .

g. These impacts can vary: fatal accidents (e. offgassing of methane generated by decaying organic wastes (methane is a greenhouse gas many times more potent than carbon dioxide. dust.It continues to be a source for many vector and water borne diseases.g. as well as after landfill closure). Vector control is also important. particularly from improperly operated landfills. A large number of adverse impacts may occur from landfill operations.. odour.. vermin. harbouring of disease vectors such as rats and flies. and simple nuisance problems (e. How ever due to government apathy. Environmental noise and dust are generated from vehicles accessing a landfill as well as from working face operations. lack of funds and a governmental aversion to improvement projects. Most modern landfills in industrialized countries are operated with controls to attempt manage problems such as these. scavengers buried under waste piles). but can be managed reasonably well with the daily cover protocols. injuries to wildlife. neglect. These impacts are best to intercept at the planning stage where access routes and landfill geometrics can be used to mitigate such issues. . which are common in Third-world countries. pollution of the local environment (such as contamination of groundwater and/or aquifers by leakage and residual soil contamination during landfill usage. or noise pollution).. the landfill at Donar remains largely anarchic. The toxins from the waste matter have seeped into the water table and local soil.g.Environmental Impact: All the issues generally associated with landfill regions plague Deonar. and can itself be a danger to inhabitants of an area). damage to access roads by heavy vehicles). infrastructure damage (e.

water vapor. together with the frequently unclear nature of the contents. and other contaminants. The area has been rendered unfit for human habitation. This heterogeneity. landfill gas migration in the subsurface can result in contact of landfill gas with groundwater. Such emissions lead to important environmental. thermal characteristics. There are sometimes also radioactive contaminants (for example tritium) found in landfill gas. makes landfill gas production more difficult to predict and control than standard industrial bioreactors for sewage treatment. entry of moisture and escape of gas. The spatially heterogeneous nature of most landfills mean that there will be a wide range of physical conditions and biological ecosystems co-existing simultaneously within most sites. the increase in pressure within the landfill (together with differential diffusion) causes the gas's release into the atmosphere. Some inorganic contaminants (for example mercury) are also known to be present in landfill gas. . with the remainder being mostly carbon dioxide. These gasses degrade the air quality and increase the greenhouse gasses in the area. This in turn can result in contamination of groundwater by organic compounds present in nearly all landfill gas. chemical make-up. hygiene and security problems in the landfill.The air around the landfill is laden with landfill off-gasses and has a putrid stench to it. Due to the risk presented by landfill gas there is a clear need to monitor gas produced by landfills. Landfill Gas production results from chemical reactions and microbes acting upon the waste as the putrescible materials begins to break down in the landfill. Landfill gas also contains varying amounts of nitrogen. Landfill gases have an influence on climate change. The major components are CO2 and methane. sulfur. Due to the constant production of landfill gas. Landfill gas is approximately forty to sixty percent methane. both of which are greenhouse gas. oxygen. which in turn influence the bacterial populations within it. Their putrid smell makes human habitation in the area difficult and unhygienic. Most of these other contaminants are known as "nonmethane organic compounds" or NMOCs. In addition to the risk of fire and explosion. The rate of production is affected by waste composition and landfill geometry.

.Landscape polluted due to waste.

which is being used for the first time in Mumbai. Through this technology. Secondary to not creating waste. Chief Engineer (Solid Waste Management) B P Patil said it will be functional by October 2011. the civic body hopes to quicken the process of degradation of the waste dumped at the landfill site.Solutions and Control Measures: The alternatives to landfills are waste reduction and recycling strategies. People recycling plastic Work on a peripheral road. there are various alternatives to landfills. an administrative building. Only bio-degradable waste will be pushed into the landfill. service reservoirs and plantation of trees on the periphery has begun. a compound wall. The BMC has also agreed to set up a Material Recovery Facility (MRF) to scientific segregate and recover recyclable waste. . water supply.

. ©©©.Message written on walls to spread awareness about waste management.