You are on page 1of 12

mihi nomen est _______________ Review Exercises Chapter I A.

The three properties of the Latin noun are _____________ , _____________ and _____________. B. Recite from memory in order the names of the six cases of the noun in Latin. C. Write next to each abbreviation the full name of each case and its basic function(s). Nom.: Gen.: Dat.: Acc.: Abl.: Voc.: Fill in the blanks. Do not use abbreviations. Latin uses the _____________ case to express the subject of a sentence. ³From´ indicates an idea of separation and is expressed by the _____________ case. The genitive case is most often translated with the English preposition _____________. ³To´ or ³for´ are English prepositions used to translate Latin nouns in the _____________ case. The direct object of a verb appears in Latin in the _____________ case. Five English prepositions that may be used when translating the Latin ablative case are: _____________ , _____________ , _____________ , _____________, and _____________ 7. The vocative case is used to express _____________ _____________. E. Fill in the blanks. Do not use abbreviations. 1. There are _____________ families of nouns in Latin, and they are called _____________. 2. A full vocabulary entry for a Latin noun contains the four elements: _____________ , _____________ , _____________ , and _____________. 3. The genitive singular is important for two reasons: a. _________________________________________________________________ b. _________________________________________________________________ 4. When one generates a complete set of forms for a Latin noun, one is said to _____________ that noun. 5. To find the stem of any Latin noun, __________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ F. Recite from memory the endings of the first declension. Be sure to go down the singular column and then down the plural. D. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Page 1 of 12

G. On a separate sheet, decline fully the nouns anima, poeta, and filia. H. Write these forms in Latin. Example: gen. pl. of f lia 1. acc. sing. of nauta 2. abl. sing. of via 3. acc. pl. of agricola

f li rum

I. Identify (give case, number, and gender) and translate each form. Give all possibilities. The number of possibilities is given in parentheses when it is greater than one. Example: puellae (4) gen. sing. fem.: ³of the girl´ dat. sing. fem.: ³to/for the girl´ nom. pl. fem.: ³girls´ (subj./pred. nom.) voc. pl. fem.: ³girls´ (direct address) 1. puell s 2. f min rum 3. puella (2)

4. f minae (4)

J. Translate these prepositional phrases into English. 1. patri

2. in po tam 3. ex Itali 4. in vi 5. in viam

K. Recite from memory the endings for masculine and feminine nouns of the second declension.

L. On a separate sheet decline fully the nouns ager, filius, and dominus.

M. Recite from memory the endings for neuter nouns of the second declension.

N. On a separate sheet decline fully the nouns donum, consilium, and verbum.

O. Write these forms in Latin. Example: abl. sing. of aurum

aur
Page 2 of 12

1. voc. sing. of dominus 2. acc. pl. of ager 3. gen. pl. of d num 4. nom. pl. of c nsilium 5. dat. pl. of verbum P. Identify (give case, number, and gender) and translate each form. Give all possibilities. Example: gladi (2) dat. sing. masc.: ³to/for a sword´ abl. sing. masc.: ³with a sword´ 1. f l (2)

2. dominum 3. f li s 4. domin (3)

5. c nsilia (3)

Q. Translate these prepositional phrases. 1. cum domin 2. in puerum 3. ab agr s 4. per cul s

5. d verb s 6. in agrum 7. in agr

Chapter II: Exercises A. Fill in the blanks. Do not use abbreviations. 1. The five properties of the finite verb in Latin are: ____________ , ____________ , ____________ , ____________ , and ____________. 2. The two voices of the Latin verb are: ____________ and ____________. 3. The three moods of the Latin verb are: ____________ , ____________ , and ____________. 4. The six tenses of the indicative mood are: ____________ , ____________ , ____________ , ____________ , ____________ , and ____________ 5. A vocabulary entry for a verb contains the four ____________ ____________ and the English meaning(s).
Page 3 of 12

6. Verbs in Latin are divided into ____________ families called ____________. 7. The second principal part of every verb is the ____________ and it translated with the English word ____________. 8. Verbs of the first conjugation are distinguished by ____________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 9. Verbs of the second conjugation are distinguished by __________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 10. Verbs of the third conjugation are distinguished by ___________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 11. Verbs of the fourth conjugation are distinguished by __________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 12. To find the present stem of a verb _________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ B. 1. Identify (give person, number, tense, voice, mood). 2. Translate into English. Example: iubet 1. 3rd sing. pres. act. indic. 2. he, she, it orders 1. time 2. iub bimus 3. dabit 4. err bant 5. voc b

C. Write these forms in Latin. Example:
st

3rd pl. fut. act. indic. of habe

hab bunt

1. 1 sing. imperf. act. indic. of voc 2. 2nd pl. pres. act. indic. of c git 3. 3rd sing. imperf. act. indic. of vide 4. 2nd sing. fut. act. indic. of d n 5. 1st pl. pres. act. indic. of ambul

D. Identify each form (give person, number, tense, voice, mood) and translate into English. Example: est 1. potes 2. possumus 3. erat 4. poteram
Page 4 of 12

3rd sing. pres. act. indic.

he, she, it is

5. sunt 6. poter 7. er mus 8. eritis 9. poterunt 10. poter s

E. Translate these short sentences into English. 1. F mina puellae pec niam dabat.

2. F lia po tae in vi s err bat. 3. Oppida in insul vid re poteris. 4. Agricolae serv s lab r re in agr s iubent. 5. Vir puer s verb movet. 6. D verb s vir rum c git re d b s. 7. Servus domin respond re n n potest. F. Translate into English. 1. Agricola f li aurum dabit. 2. Po ta f min s verb s d anim mov bat. 3. Po ta animum f l verb s d v t movet. 4. C r ab Itali v la dabat? Nam Italia erat patria po tae. 5. D num deae est sapientia. 6. Erat deus in oppid , domine. 7. In viam ambul bitis.
Page 5 of 12

8. Ex vi ambul b tis. 9. In vi ambul tis. 10. Nec vir s Italiae nec f min s vid re poteram. 11. Potesne, serve, in patri lab r re? Opt sne patri v la dare? 12. Puella cum f li r g nae in vi ambul re optat. C r cum naut ambulat? 13. C rae bell vir s patri vocant. 14. Pec niam domin servus debet, sed n n dabit. 15. R g na vir s nsulae gladi s dat. Nam erit bellum in nsul . 16. Puell s lab r re in agr s dominus iub bat. 17. C r puer s arma n n datis? C git re, vir , per cula bell d b tis.

18. Puella puerque domin viam m ntr re n n possunt. 19. Naut s c nsilia r g nae m ntr re d b bimus. R g na enim serv s nsul rum arma dare optat. Nautae v la dare d b bunt.

Chapter III Exercises: A. On a separate sheet of paper decline fully (singular and plural, all cases) these noun-adjective pairs. 1. Roman farmer 2. beautiful gift B. Supply the correct form of the adjective bonus, bona, bonum to modify each noun. Give all possibilities. example: poetarum bonorum 1. animo (2) 2. vitam
Page 6 of 12

3. factum (3) 4. nautae (4) C. Translate these phrases into English. Give all possibilities. example: multam pecuniam much money (d.o.) 1. in agros pulchros 2. poetae magno 3. ab insul parv 4. filio amico (2) 5. facta pulchra (3) 6. domine male D. Change these English verb phrases from active to passive. Keep person, number, and tense the same. Example: she was loving she was being loved 1. you (pl.) call 2. they will fear 3. he is ordering 4. I am choosing 5. they will point out E. On a separate sheet provided, write a synopsis for each of the following verbs in the indicated person and number. 1. opto, 2nd sing. 2. moveo, 3rd pl. 3. amo, 1st sing. 4. iubeo, 1st pl. 5. monstro, 3rd sing. 6. habeo, 2nd pl. F. 1. Identify the tense and voice of these finite verb forms. 2. Translate into English. Example: donat present active Tense and Voice _________________________
Page 7 of 12

he/she/it gives Translation _________________________

1. debet

2. debetur 3. timebo 4. timebor 5. vocabimur 6. vocabamur 7. dat 8. datur 9. movebaris 10. movebas

_________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________

_________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________

G. Write these forms in Latin. example: 2nd sing. fut. pass. indic. of amo 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 2nd pl. imperf. act. indic. of erro 3rd sing. pres. pass. indic. of opto 1st pl. fut. pass. indic. of moveo 3rd pl. imperf. act. indic. of ambulo 2nd sing. imperf. act. indic. of sum

amaberis/amabere

H. Translate these short sentences. 1. Regina a bonis amatur. 2. Magno studio verba poetarum cogitabo. 3. Sapientiam poetarum animo cogit re debes. 4. Cur servi a domino vocantur? 5. Magnum erit periculum belli. I. 1. Give the principal parts of the verb eo 2. Translate the following forms into English. 3. Change singulars to plurals or plurals to singulars. Principal parts: ______________ , ______________ , ______________ , _______________ Translation _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ Change of Number _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

eunt ibunt is ibant ibas

Page 8 of 12

J. Translate the following sentences into English. 1. Amicos amamus. 2. Ab amicis amamur. 3. Pulchrum est amicos am re. 4. Puer laetus puellam miseram vocabat. 5. Puer laetus a puell miser vocabatur. 6. Nunc e foro ad agros laetos eo. 7. In forum cum amico ibam. 8. Euntne agricolae ex agris? 9. Ad oppidum parvum cum amicis ibis. Nam misera erit vita sine amicis. 10. Multa sunt studia vitae bonae. Debes, amice, de bonis vitae cum diligenti cogit re. 11. Romani incolas Italiae ferro superabant. Namque imperium multis in terris ten re optabant. 12. Miser est poeta Catullus; pulchram enim puellam amat, sed puella est Catullo inimica. 13. In forum ibo cum fili parv . Poterisne cum filio ire? 14. Pulcher es, Quinte, pulchramque animam habes. 15. Vir vitam dabit pro vit feminae. 16. Cur puerum laudatis? Puellam pro sapienti laud re debetis. 17. Facta pulchra virorum in bello et pueris et puellis monstrabuntur. 18. Iubebis, Tiberi, servos miseros in agros ire sine mor ? 19. Liberi cum servis in terr inimic tenebantur propter bellum in provinciis. 20. Pro patri ac filiis, o incolae, cum Romanis pugnabimus. Bonum est pro patri pugn re et pulchrum.

Page 9 of 12

21. Itisne, amici, propter belli periculum ad parvam insulam? Nunc vela datis? 22. Sapientia deorum ab Horatio poeta magn cum cur cogitator. Namque est bonum sapientiam deorum cogit re. 23. Ad forum a regin vocabimini, viri, atque ibitis sine mor . 24. Nunc et agricolae et incolae provinciae cum Romanis pugnant. Poteruntne super re?

Chapter IV Exercises: A. 1. Identify each form (give person, number, tense, voice, mood). 2. Translate into English. Example: canet 1. 3rd sing. fut. act. indic. 2. he/she/it will sing 1. ag bam 2. d car 3. capis 4. faci b mus 5. veni tis 6. scr bit 7. scr bunt 8. ger bantur 9. senti s 10. p nam B. 1. Identify the tense and voice of the finite verb forms. 2. Translate into English Tense and Voice Translation sentiar _________________________ _________________________ sentiunt _________________________ _________________________ mittentur _________________________ _________________________ mitt _________________________ _________________________
Page 10 of 12

1. 2. 3. 4.

5. p n b ris C. Write in Latin. 1. they are hearing 2. he will be sent 3. it will be written 4. we capture 5. you say 6. they were coming 7. I shall place 8. he will make 9. I was being driven 10. we used to sing

_________________________

_________________________

1. Identify the tense and voice of the finite verb forms. 2. Translate into English Tense and Voice Translation 1. d bent _________________________ _________________________ 2. agent _________________________ _________________________ 3. vid mur _________________________ _________________________ 4. p n mur _________________________ _________________________ 5. voc ris _________________________ _________________________ 6. capi ris _________________________ _________________________ 7. m nstr _________________________ _________________________ 8. faci _________________________ _________________________ 9. iub b _________________________ _________________________ 10. geram _________________________ _________________________ E. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Write these forms in Latin. 3rd pl. imperf. act. indic. of possum 2nd sing. fut. pass. indic. of laud 1st pl. pres. act. indic. of faci 2nd pl. fut. act. indic. of mitt 3rd sing. imperf. pass. indic. of habe

D.

F. On a separate sheet, write a synopsis for each of the following verbs in the indicated person and number. 1. sing, 3rd pl. 2. hear, 1st pl. 3. capture, 2nd sing. 4. move, 1st sing. 5. put, 2nd pl.
Page 11 of 12

6. perceive, 3rd sing. 7. show, 3rd sing. 8. love, 1st sing. 9. manage, 2nd pl. 10. be, 3rd pl. (no passive) 11. come, 1st pl. (no passive) 12. go, 2nd sing. (no passive) G. Translate into English. 1. T quidem v tam bonam agis sine c r s, m L c . Ego semper d pec ni lab r .

2. T propter studium bell mitt ris in pr vinciam cum auxili s. Etenim am cus cum am c , causa cum caus pugn bit.

3. Magn studi agricola agr s, nauta altum laudat.

4. ³Nihil d s d be ,´ d cit puer. Puer d c , ³Err s. Nam animam d b s.´

5. Marcus Crassus, vir bell cl rus, in for sententiam cum studi d c bat nec ram popul tim bat.

Page 12 of 12