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Plastic money or polymer money, made out of plastic, is a new and easier way of paying for goods and services. Plastic money was introduced in the 1950s and is now an essential form of ready money which reduces the risk of handling a huge amount of cash. It includes debit cards, ATMs, smart cards, etc. Credit cards, variants of plastic money, are used as substitutes for currency. This book on plastic money is divided into two sections titled Concepts and Experiences. The former covers articles on the the emergence of plastic money, different types of plastic cards and their growth in India and other related issues. An experience discusses the experiences of banks like Standard Chartered, Citibank, which deal with plastic money and their growth in the market.
Meaning Plastic money refers to credit cards, you use them whenever you want and pay later (with interest, of course). It makes it too easy for people to buy things they normally could not afford, which makes it easier to get into debt.
Definition A slang phrase for credit cards, especially when such cards used to make purchases. The "plastic" portion of this term refers to the plastic construction of credit cards, as opposed to paper and metal of currency. The "money" portion is an erroneous reference to credit cards as a form of money, which they are not. Although credit cards do facilitate transactions, because they are a liability rather than an asset, they are not money and not part of the economy's money supply.
Ch.2 The History Of Credit Cards and Debit Cards In Plastic Money
Credit cards have evolved into a safe and secure manner to purchase goods and services. The Internet has given credit card users additional purchasing power. Banks have options like cash-back rewards, savings plans and other incentives to entice people to use their cards. Debit cards allow people the convenience of cards without the worry of racking up debt. The convenience, security and rewards offered by credit and debit cards keep shoppers using their cards as opposed to checks or cash.
Credit Card Origins
The first credit cards were issued by individual stores and merchants. These cards were issued in limited locations and only accepted by the businesses that issued them. While the cards were convenient for the customers, they also provided a customer loyalty and customer service benefit, which was good for both customer and merchant. It was not until 1950 that the Dinner's Club card was created by a restaurant patron who forgot his wallet and realized there needed to be an alternative to cash only. This started the first credit card specifically for widespread use, even though it was primarily used for entertainment and travel expenses.
Plastic Becomes the Standard
The first Diner's Club cards were made out of cardboard or celluloid. In 1959 American Express changed all that with the first card made of plastic. American Express created a system of making an impression of the card presented at the register for payment. Then that impression was billed to the customer and due in full each month. Several American Express cards still operate like this as of 2010. It was not until the late 1980s that American Express began allowing people to pay their balance over time with additional card options.
Bank Card Associations
In 1966, Bank of America created a card that was a general purpose card or "open loop" card. These "closed loop" agreements limited cards like Diners Club and American Express to certain merchants, unlike the new "open loop" cards. The new general purpose system required interbank cooperation and additional regulations. This created additional safety features and began building the credit card system of today. Two systems emerged as the leaders--Visa and Master Card. However, today there is little difference between the two and most merchants accept both card associations.
Debit Cards Emerge
The Visa association of cards took credit cards to a new level in 1989 when they introduced debit cards. These cards linked consumers to their
checking accounts. Money was now drawn from a checking account at the point of sale with these new cards and replaced check writing. This helped the merchants check that money was available and made it easier to track the customer if the funds could not be obtained. Consumers liked the convenience of not having to write checks at the point of sale, which made debit cards a safe alternative to cash and checks.
There were almost 29 million debit card users as of 2006, with a projected 34.4 million users by 2016. However, online services like PayPal are emerging as a way for people to pay their debts in new, secure and convenient ways. Technology also exists to have devices implanted into phones, keys and other everyday devices so that the ability to pay at the point of sale is even more convenient.
3 TYPES OF PLASTIC MONEY Different types:- Credit card • A credit card is plastic money that is used to pay for products and services at over 20 Million locations around the world. The institution which issues the card makes the payment to the outlet on your behalf. you will pay this 'loan' back to the institution at a later date. banks only issue them to you if you hold an account with them. Debit card • Debit cards are substitutes for cash or check payments. 6 . the total amount charged is instantly reduced from your bank balance. much the same way that credit cards are. However. When a debit card is used to make a payment.Ch. All you need to do is produce the card and sign a charge slip to pay for your purchases.
Charge card • A charge card carries all the features of credit cards.95 per cent late payment fees (this differs from one bank to another) is levied in your next billing statement. you are likely to be considered a defaulter and will usually have to pay up a steep late payment charge. 7 . If you fail to do so. • When you use a credit card you are not declared a defaulter even if you miss your due date. However.• Don't borrow on your credit card! Here's why • A debit card is only accepted at outlets with electronic swipemachines that can check and deduct amounts from your bank balance online. A 2. after using a charge card you will have to pay off the entire amount billed. by the due date.
since this card is typically meant for high-income group categories. For instance. the card has its own merchant establishment tie-ups and does not depend on the network of MasterCard or Visa. This card has its own merchant establishment tie-ups and does not depend on the network of MasterCard or Visa. There are a wide variety of special privileges offered to Amex cardholders. it may not be acceptable at many outlets. This card is typically meant for high-income group categories and companies and may not be acceptable at many outlets. Besides. as a cardholder you can set your own spending limit. • • Credit cards: Remember these dos and don'ts. Dinner club card • Diners Club is a branded charge card. It would be a good idea to check whether a member establishment does accept the card or not in advance. • Amex card Amex stands for American Express and is one of the well-known charge cards. • However. There are a wide variety of special privileges offered to the Diners Club cardholder. 8 .
Global card • Global cards allow you the flexibility and convenience of using a credit card rather than cash or travelers cheque while traveling abroad for either business or personal reasons. Co-branded card • Co-branded cards are credit cards issued by card companies that have tied up with a popular brand for the purpose of offering certain exclusive benefits to the consumer. • A debit card with a difference 9 .
10 . free entry to Times Music events. • They have built a vast network of merchant establishments so that customers worldwide may use their respective credit cards to make various purchases. etc.• For example. Master card & Visa • MasterCard and Visa are global non-profit organizations dedicated to promote the growth of the card business across the world. the Citi-Times card gives you all the benefits of a Citibank credit card along with a special discount on Times Music cassettes.
your photo card can function as your identity card as well. • The exact amount of purchase is deducted from the smart card during payment and is collected by smart card reading machines. for example bus fares and coffee. then you have what is known as a photo card. 11 . Photo card • If your photograph is imprinted on a card. signature or payment authorization is required for using this card. in many cases. No change is given. Besides. This is most useful when you have to pay for small purchases. No identification. Currently this product is available only in very developed countries like the United States and is being used only sporadically in India. Smart card • A smart card contains an electronic chip which is used to store cash. Doing this helps identify the user of the credit card and is therefore considered safer.
Usage of the term "credit card" to imply a credit card account is a metonym. Issuer agrees to pay the merchant and the credit card user agrees to pay the card issuer. 12 . The issuer of the card grants a line of credit to the consumer or the user) from which the user can borrow money for payment to a merchant or as a cash advance to the user. It allows its holder to buy goods and services based on the holder's promise to pay for these goods and services.Ch. When a purchase is made the user would indicate consent to pay by signing a receipt with a record of the card details and indicating the amount to be paid.4 CREDIT CARD INTRODUCTION A credit card is a small plastic card issued to users as a system of payment. DEFINITION:The credit card can be defined as “A small plastic card that allows its holder to buy goods and services on credit and to pay at fixed intervals through the card issuing agency.
Thus credit card is a passport to. The credit card relieves the consumers from the botheration of carrying cash and ensures safety. prestige and credit. convenience.MEANING:A credit card is a card or mechanism which enables card holder to purchase goods. travels and dine in a hotel without making immediate payments. “safety. The holders can use the cards to get credit from banks up to 45 days. 13 . It is a convenience of extended credit without formality.
however. is simply to yield direct profit for the bank. 14 . This gives the bank an opportunity to find the latent talent from among existing staff that would have been otherwise wasted.ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF CREDIT CARD ADVANTAGES OF CREDIT CARD The benefits of credit card can be grouped as follows: (A) BENEFITS TO THE BANK a) A credit card is an integral part of banks major services these days. c) The more important function of a credit card. The credit card provides the following advantages to the bank: the system provides an opportunity to the bank to attract new potential costumers. There is a scope and a potential for a better profitability out of income / commission earned from the traders turn over. b) To get new customers the bank has to employee special trained staff.
It is convenient for him to carry credit card and he has trouble free travel and may purchase his without carrying cash or cheque. stationery. printing and man power to handle clearing transactions while considerably is reduced.d) This also provides additional customer services to the existing clients.e. 15 . i. and can save embarrassment. It enhances the customer satisfaction. The card is useful in emergency. e) More use by the car holder and consequently the growth of banking habits in general. f) Better network of card holders and increased use of cards means higher popularity and image of the bank g) Savings of expense on cash holdings. It increases (B) BENEFITS TO CARD HOLDER The principal benefits to a card holder are: a) He can purchase goods and services at a large number of outlets without cash or cheque. b) The risk factor of carrying and storing cash is avoided.
b) Increases in sale because of increased purchasing power of the cardholder due to unbilled credit available to the card holder. either on card account or by using it as identification when encasings a cheque at the bank. (C) BENEFITS TO THE MERCHANT ESTABLISHMENT The principal benefits offer credit card to the retailer is a) This will carry prestigious weight to the outlets. g) The credit card saves trouble and paper work to traveling business man. c) The retailers gain from the impulse buying and trading up the tendency to buy the bigger or better article d) Credit card ensures timely and certainly of payments. thus. f) Availing credit with minimum formality. 16 . d) The card holder has the period of free credit usually between 30-50 days of purchase e) Cash can usually be obtained with the card.c) Months purchases can be settled with a single remittance. tending to reduce bank and handling charges.
c) Discounts and rebates can rarely be obtained. DISADVANTAGES OF CREDIT CARD The following are the common disadvantages of the credit card: a) Some credit card transactions take longer time than cash transactions because of various formalities. b) The customer tends to overspend out of immerse happiness. g) Advertising and promotional support on national scale.e) Suppliers/sellers no longer have to send reminders of outstanding debits. 17 . h) Development of prestigious clientele base. f) Systematic accounting since sales receipts are routed through banking channels.
18 . f) It might lead to spending habits and cardholders may end up in big debts i) Avoid the entire cost and security problem involved in handling cash.d) The cardholder is responsible for charges due to loss or theft of the card and the bank may not be party for loss due to fraud or collusion of staff. j) Losses to bad debts and reduced an additional liquidity is k) It also allows him to delegate spending power to add on members l) Credit card is considered as a status symbol. etc e) Customers may be denied cash discount for payment through card.
(Source: “Advertising: Exposure and Statistics” November 2003 newsletter of the Media Education Foundation) Now.MARKETING STRATEGIES American companies spend billions of dollars each year on marketing. advertising expenditures alone topped $230 billion. in 2001. but don’t panic.S. these figures may seem staggering to the independent professional on a budget. more than doubling the $105. Position yourself as an expert. Here are some of my favorites: Identify your niche. U.97 billion spent in 1980. it’s easier to trust a specialist than a 19 . As a matter of fact. Many professionals are afraid to do this claiming that they’ll be leaving someone out. but many marketing experts agree that niche marketing as the easiest and fastest way to get business. Why? Experts make more money and get more media attention and that’s free advertising! Let’s face it. One of the easiest ways to attract customers is to figure out which group of prospective customers you get your very best results for and go after them exclusively. there are lots of effective strategies you can utilize that will help you grow your business fast.
Provide free information products. write articles and white papers about the problems your clients face and how they can solve them. accountants and business attorneys. These are other professionals who sell non-competing services or products to the same niche customers you are targeting. And. they refer business to me. Once you’ve identified your niche. For instance. Here are a couple of other examples: • Residential realtor. mortgage broker. 000000000 • Commercial printer. collect names. 20 . copywriter.generalist who’s trying to be everything to everyone. graphic designer. my clients often need the services of bookkeepers. while you’re at it don’t forget to. let the world know about how you can help. real estate attorney. Likewise. Develop ongoing relationships with complementary professionals and build your referral team. architect and interior designer. emails and addresses of prospects to keep filling your pipeline. Conduct workshops. home improvement contractor. seminars and tele-classes specifically geared towards helping your prospective customers and before long you’ll be regarded as an expert in your field.
right away (if you were a car salesman you wouldn’t wait for the new car to get dirty and dented!)000000000000 • Ask them to write testimonials for you. that’s why you see commercials on TV over and over again for the same products. Follow up with them in a variety of ways: call them to touch base. go through your notes. By Keeping track of all of the people who’ve showed interest and keeping your business on their radar screen you’ll turn more of them into paying customers. Here are a couple of ways to do this: 00000000000000000000000000 • Ask them for referrals . Let your satisfied customers help you sell your products or services. ask them to subscribe to a newsletter. Put together a list of all of the people you’ve spoken to in the last 6-9 months who’ve showed interest in you but haven’t become paying customers. send them interesting articles. (also right away) and compile a list of testimonials to use in your all of your marketing collateral. 21 . It takes numerous impressions to make the sale. or invite them to join you at events. To start. and find creative ways of keeping in touch with them on a regular basis. use email.Institute a system to keep track of all of the people who are interested in your product or services.
Create a marketing calendar and keep to it consistently. Identify innovative ways to get more business from existing customers. So develop additional services or products to keep customers coming back for more. Scheduling marketing activities that take place weekly. monthly and quarterly will help you to avoid the feast or famine syndrome that most independent professionals fall prey to. 22 . marketing will become easier since it becomes a regular part of your business life. by doing so. It’s much easier to get business from customers who are already happy with your services or products. And. bi monthly.
• It is important to note that no money changes hands during the authorization. STEPS FOLOWED TRANSACTION IN CREDIT CARD 1. Merchant balancing • This is also known as batching out. For Retail Merchants. the card is swiped through a magnetic reader on the point of sale terminal the authorization is transmitted to the appropriate card issuer for approval. the shopping card is connected to or integrated with a Payment Gateway. Most pos terminals and all payment gateway per firm an auto close functions at the and of the day and batch out automatically. 3. Merchants must re-present the transaction to receive payment. The issuing bank of card issuer authenticates the card holder and approves or declines the transaction amount. AUTHORIZATION • For Internet Merchants. Capture • The front end processor matches the authorization data to the settlement data and transmits the card capture file to a back end processor for V/MC transactions or to the appropriate card issuer for other card types. 2. 23 .
4. 5. 24 . Interchange (VS/MC Only) • During this stage the V/MC Association sort the transactions by issuing bank and transmit them to the appropriate issuing banks for settlement. Merchant ACH • During this stage the acquiring bank or card issuer transmits the merchant deposit to the merchant’s checking account. 7. 6. Clearing • During this stage the back end processor performs compliance checks and risk management procedures and transmits the transaction to V/MC or to the appropriate card issuer for other card types. Settlement • During this stage the Issuing Bank calculates fees and deductions and routs the net funds to the appropriate Card Issuer which determines the daily deposits for the merchants.
chances are good that there is a card out there that would be ideal for you. this type of credit card can be perfect for you. In some cases. After a set number of months. these cards just charge a few percent interests. 25 . low interest credit cards are not really credit cards at all . you can begin by considering the many types of cards available to you: Low Interest Credit Cards These types of credit cards offer very low interest. Check your agreement to find out what type of card you have. To gain new customers. Different Types of Credit Cards Credit cars are of various types. This article gives an insight into the several types of credit cards available in the market Today. In some cases. No matter what your needs. you will begin paying higher interest rates. the low interest rate is for a limited time only.they are debit cards linked to a low-interest loan such as a line of credit. every one has to select credit cards on the basis of the pros and cons of each type of credit card and at the same time the nature of use. credit card companies compete by offering new services and cards to customers. The reasons for this are numerous. If you need to consolidate debts or if you like the idea of having low interest for a while. credit card customers enjoy more options and choices than ever before. If you are looking for the right card. In most cases.
However. some 26 . these types of cards can be for you. a balance transfer card can be a great way to get out of debt. It offers the convenience of one bill and low rates. Instant approval credit cards are very popular online and applicants can apply via the internet or over the phone. you will be told whether you are approved or not right away. If you have poor credit or any extenuating financial circumstances. more time is needed to process your application. You then transfer all your credit card debt onto the new card and work to pay it off.Instant Approval Credit Cards These cards are really a product of our fast-paced society. Since the new card has a low interest rate. They work this way: if you have several credit cards with a balance. The idea behind this type of credit card is that once you fill out your application. you can quickly repay your bills. Another drawback to these cards is that they rely heavily on your credit score. Balance Transfer Cards Balance transfer cards are a type of temporary low-interest card that is meant to help you consolidate your debt. If you are in debt. The approval process only takes a few minutes.sometimes. you should be aware that these cards do not guarantee that you will be approved right away . these types of cards may not be for you. However. you can get a balance transfer card. If you are very impatient or need credit right away.
if you run up your other cards after consolidating your debts or if you are unable to pay off your new card in the limited time before the low interest rate increases. They can also be fun and rewarding for almost any credit card customer. These types of cards are really a marketing tool for card companies. Also. Some charge high fees to offset the costs of the bonuses. meaning that you need to spend a lot with your credit card to get any rewards at all. Read the fine print carefully before signing. not all reward credit cards are a deal. you are entered into a draw to win specific prizes. purchases. travel. However. or bonuses for every cash purchase made with your credit card over time.cards have high fees. rewards. Some also have very low points systems. Each time you use your card. As you accumulate rewards or points. you may find yourself even more in debt than before. and other fun prizes. Some cards even offer customers extra automatic-enter sweepstakes and draws. 27 . Rewards Credit Cards Rewards credit cards offer you points. you can redeem your bonus for entertainment events. Companies know that customers love rewards and prizes and so offer these enticements to lure customers. The major advantage of these cards is that they can help you get more cash value for your money.
On most cards. do compare several card offers to find the best cash back credit card option. However. there are several drawbacks to these types of cards. some airline credit cards make use of a point system that is not very user-friendly. When you accumulate enough points. Worse. you can get back about 1% of your total purchases.Cash Back Credit Cards Cash back credit cards give you money rewards. this card can help you accumulate points for a free trip or for a discount ticket. these cards are great because they allow you to gather points for every purchase. These cards are great for those who are budget-conscious as they give you some money back from your purchases. If you do not love to travel and if you do not use 28 . your points will expire if you do not use them within a specified time. You may have to slowly accumulate an enormous amount of points to qualify for a trip. you get cash back. However. Most cards only offer you cash back advantages on purchases . Some charge high fees or have limits on how much money you can get back each year. If you travel a lot or love to travel. When you make a purchase with this type of credit card. Some cards have low cash-back percentage rates.not on your balance. In many cases. these cards can also charge high fees. Airline Credit Cards This type of card allows you to accumulate frequent flyer points on all your credit card purchases. you get some points based on the amount of money you have spent with your credit card. In some cases. If you decide this card is right for you.
You can then use your card to charge any amount up to the amount in the account. These cards generally have very low credit limits and charge extra fees.your Credit card a lot. However. these cards work by having you deposit some money into the card account. When you add more money. your ability to get rewards you like may be very limited. Instead. Prepaid Debit Cards These cards are sometimes called junior credit cards. you will also have to cope with the additional fees and low credit limits that these credit cards have. these cards are used by people with no credit or bad credit. since you are not getting credit or loans from the credit card company. Often. They are not truly credit cards at all. This is because they are designed for people who are considered far 29 . you can enjoy credit card convenience even if you do not qualify for traditional cards. Credit Cards for Bad Credit Bad credit credit cards are designed for people with poor credit histories. then. With secured credit cards.0000000000000000000000000000000000 Secured Credit Cards Secured credit cards use collateral to ensure that the card company will be paid back. you can charge more to your card.
you can enjoy higher interest rates. These 30 . These cards may have no reward programs and may have fewer benefits. They are simple to use and can help you build a good credit rating before you graduate.000000000000 If you are a student. However. including fewer bonuses and services. Business Credit Cards Business credit cards are created especially for business use. these types of credit cards can be a great way to rebuild your credit history. and services that let you keep your personal and business expenses separate on the same card. These cards often offer sign-up bonuses for students. since credit card companies recognize that students have much shorter credit histories than the average customer.less likely to repay their debts. With some business credit cards. They are also easier to apply for. Student Credit Cards Student credit cards are cards meant to attract college and university students. If you have a bad credit rating. there are some disadvantages to student credit cards. for example. but also offer services that can really help a business. monthly reports on your expenses. They offer many of the same advantages as traditional credit cards. student credit cards can be a great option. These cards can also allow you to have credit even if you would be rejected for most other cards due to your credit history. extra cards for business employees. than other cards.
Types of Credit Cards offered by Indian Banks 31 .advantages mean that using this card for your business is more convenient.
and a lower threshold salary which banks use to evaluate your application in case you should apply. There are also some disadvantages to using silver credit cards. and. HDFC Bank. less rewards and promotional packages. bringing prestige since getting gold and platinum cards usually require that you have good credit rating and a higher income levels. ICICI offer silver credit cards through their HDFC Bank Silver cards and ICICI Sterling Silver credit card Gold and Platinum Cards Gold and platinum credit cards are a status symbol for any credit card holder. Gold 32 . One would be the lower cash advance limits. Silver credit cards will provide you with almost the same credit limit as other cards provided you have a good credit history. You can also avail of 0% interest balance transfer schemes which are made available for a period of 6-9 months for silver card holders. Silver credit cards come with advantages such as lower annual membership fees if there is any. and less travel perks compared to gold and platinum cards.Silver Cards Silver credit cards rank lowest among the metal named cards. are commonly known as basic and standard credit cards. because of lower prestige when compared to gold and platinum cards.
extended warranties for appliance purchases and special deals on specific products. You can also engage in some loyalty schemes that are offered for gold and platinum credit card holders which can sometimes involve cash back promos and reward points systems. Also try to talk to your friends who are having credit cards to get more info. It is not possible to cover them the exact offerings of these cards but I will highly advice you to check all these websites of the banks to get all the info about the credit cards they are offering. and purchase protection insurance. you also get better perks and privileges such as travel insurance. 33 . and the ICICI Solid Gold Credit Card. If you have a gold or platinum card. Some popular gold and platinum cards available are the American Express Gold card.and platinum cards offer higher limit for cash advance withdrawals and sometimes can provide higher credit limits as compared to standard or silver cards.
Types of Credit Cards offered By Indian Banks 34 .
Credit Card Data Credit Card is either Visa or MasterCard which is the Most popular and in some instance American Express.495 0.78 0.3 0.The Reserve Bank of India 35 .57 0. ICICI HDFC SBI Citibank HSBC ABN Axis Deutsche American Bank Bank Cards Cards Amro Bank Bank Express 5.65 2.07 4.42 2.000000000000000000000000000000 The Top 10 Credit Card Issuers in India are as follows.54 1.45 Mn Mn Mn Mn Mn Mn Mn Mn Mn Data Courtesy .
5 DEBIT CARD A debit card (also known as a bank card or check card) is a plastic card that provides an alternative payment method to cash when making purchases. Debit cards may also allow for instant withdrawal of cash. in some instances. Functionally. and so there is no physical card. it can be called an electronic cheque. as the funds are withdrawn directly from either the bank account or from the remaining balance on the card. Merchants may also offer cash back facilities to customers. In some cases. Like credit cards. debit cards are used widely for telephone and Internet purchases and. In many countries the use of debit cards has become so widespread that their volume of use has overtaken the cheque and. where a customer can withdraw cash along with their purchase.Ch. acting as the ATM card for withdrawing cash and as a cheque guarantee card. unlike credit cards. the cards are designed exclusively for use on the Internet. the funds are transferred immediately from the bearer's bank account instead of having the bearer pay back the money at a later date. cash transactions. Types of debit card systems 36 .
and/or a maximum limit equal to the 37 . The transaction may be additionally secured with the personal identification number (PIN) authentication system and some online cards require such authentication for every transaction. Maestro in the United Kingdom and other countries. Some on-line debit systems are using the normal authentication processes of Internet banking to provide real-time on-line debit transactions. This type of debit card may be subject to a daily limit. Offline Debit System Offline debit cards have the logos of major credit cards (e. One difficulty in using online debit cards is the necessity of an electronic authorization device at the point of sale (POS) and sometimes also a separate PIN pad to enter the PIN.g. essentially becoming enhanced automatic teller machine (ATM) cards. which alleviates problems with processing lag on transactions that may only issue online debit cards. Visa or MasterCard) or major debit cards (e.Online Debit System Online debit cards require electronic authorization of every transaction and the debits are reflected in the user’s account immediately. the online debit card is generally viewed as superior to the offline debit card because of its more secure authentication system and live status. Overall. although this is becoming commonplace for all card transactions in many countries. The most notable of these are Ideal and POL.g. but not the United States) and are used at the point of sale like a credit card (with payer's signature).
The payer loads funds to the cardholder's card account. Other differences are that online debit purchasers may opt to withdraw cash in addition to the amount of the debit purchase (if the merchant supports that functionality). Austria (Quick).current/checking account balance from which it draws funds. In some countries and with some banks and merchant service organizations. Belgium and Switzerland (CASH). Electronic Purse Card System Smart-card-based electronic purse systems (in which value is stored on the card chip. also called reload able debit cards or reload able prepaid cards. a "credit" or offline debit transaction is without cost to the purchaser beyond the face value of the transaction. In Austria and Germany. Transactions conducted with offline debit cards require 2–3 days to be reflected on users’ account balances. all current bank cards now include electronic purses. Prepaid Debit Card Prepaid debit cards. the merchant pays lower fees on online debit transaction as compared to "credit" (offline) debit transaction. while a small fee may be charged for a "debit" or online debit transaction (although it is often absorbed by the retailer). Prepaid debit cards use either the offline 38 . so that machines accepting the card need no network connectivity) are in use throughout Europe since the mid-1990s. most notably in Germany (Geldkarte). are often used for recurring payments. not in an externally recorded account. the Netherlands (Chipknip). from the merchant's standpoint. also.
prepaid debit cards allow the delivery of international payments without the delays and fees associated with international checks and bank transfers. Providers include Caxton FX prepaid cards. 39 . [Escape prepaid cards and Travelex prepaid cards. [ Whereas. web-based services such as stock photography websites (stockpot). and affiliate networks (Media Whiz) have all started offering prepaid debit cards for their contributors/freelancers/vendors.debit system or the online debit system to access these funds. outsourced services (odes). Particularly for companies with a large number of payment recipients abroad.
we don’t need to stock up on Traveler’s Cheques or cash. the ban does not need to look into our credit history. account. All we need is the documentation to open a bank. we usually get a debit card. if our bank offers the service. BENEFITS & FEATURES OF DEBIT CARDS BENEFITS OF THE DEBIT CARD • FREE WITH OUR BANK ACCOUNT Obtaining a debit card is easy. • CASH WITHDRAWALS The customer can withdraw a minimum of Rs.per day • CONVENIENCE A Debit card fees us from carrying a lot of cash or a cheque book. In case. If we qualify to open a bank account. 000/.and a maximum Rs. We can use our debit card to withdraw Cash from over 40 . 100/. • NO BACKGROUND CHECK When we are applying for a debit card. and money in our bank when we use our debit card. we are an international traveler.10.
• FAIR EXCHANGE If we return merchandise or cancel services paid for with a Debit card. For example. and Business Travel Quota (BTQ) limit arability. • BANKING CUM SHPPING CARD Your Debit card can be used as ATM card at any ATM across the world. You can also withdraw cash from any of the 12000 ATMs in India. a mini statement containing the last four transactions and balance can be obtained at a State Bank Group during the working hours of the customer’s branch. We can withdraw in the local currency of the country we are in. limited only by the money we have back home in our account. for on-line transactions. the transaction is treated as if it were made with cash or a check. WIDELY ACCEPTED.500.000 ATMs around the world in over 100 countries. the amount is credited to our account. as well as for making purchase at merchant locations. • STATEMENT OF ACCOUNT A statement of transactions can be obtained from the customer’s branch. INTERNATIONALLY VALID 41 . Customers usually get cash back for offline purchases.
upon the death. FEATURES OF DEBIT CARD The following are features of Debit cards A) It is a combination of a Cheque and ATM card. B) The Debit Card services in meant for withdrawals against the balance already available in the designated account. there are no fees for using the ATM for cash withdrawal. or as a debit card for purchase. G) Spending is limited to our bank balance. bankruptcy or insolvency of the cardholder or for other valid reasons. C) It is the card holder’s obligation to maintain sufficient balance in the designated account to meet withdrawals and service charges. No credit period. E) No credit check is required to get a Debit card. D) A Debit card is more affordable than credit card. F) Use of card is terminated without notice. 42 . Our bank account is debited immediately. Therefore. We just our bank account for all our transactions.
Process Debit Card Transactions A successful business will usually accept debit cards as a part of their overall profile of payment solutions. There are essentially two ways you can accept debit cards. Off line debit card transactions An offline debit card transaction is still the way most merchants accept debit cards. the debit card won’t be approved and you won’t be able to process the debit card offline Online debit card transactions The most advantageous way to process debit cards is to do it online. This is essentially the same as processing credit cards. Otherwise. If you don’t process debit cards. 43 . online and offline. If you choose to accept debit cards offline. You swipe your customer’s debit card through a credit card terminal and have them sign the receipt. be sure that the debit card has a VISA or MasterCard logo. you may not be taking full advantage of all the potential that your merchant account can deliver. You will still be able to accept debit cards at the point of sale. but you will need to install a PIN pad on your credit card terminal.
you are usually charged the “discount rate. Your business has many advantages when you accept debit cards. you always pay the same flat rate. For example. wait for the customer to sign the receipt. In a credit card transaction.” However. except that after your customer swipes his or her debit card. this can potentially save you a lot of money. and you are charged a higher rate as a result. and then take the pen back. Over time. 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 Another advantage when you process debit cards is that you can’t be charged higher “downgrade” fees.An online debit card transaction works much like a credit card transaction. At this point the encrypted debit card information is sent to the customer’s bank for authorization. But when you accept debit cards. instead the flat fee plus percentage rate that you are charged when you accept credit cards. You can also cut down on checkout time when you accept debit cards. 44 . It takes an average of 30 seconds to hand over the pen. with no danger of the rate increasing. they will enter a PIN instead of signing the receipt. and you’ll receive the funds just as you would for a credit card transaction. some transactions are considered to be a higher risk or expense to the bank. you pay a flat fee for each debit card transaction that you process.
you’re losing 100 minutes a day just passing a pen back and forth! That’s almost two hours.If you process 20 credit card transactions a day. 45 .
Legitimate Cards 8. Altered Cards 9. Discarded Charge Slips 4. Loss of Multiple Cards 6. In the past. but they can turn into nightmares in the wrong hands. This pamphlet describes credit and debit cards and some common schemes involving card fraud with tips to help you avoid them The following are the types of frauds 1. Plastic Fraud State-of-the-art thieves are concentrating on plastic cards. Counterfeit Cards 46 . Extra Copies of Charge Slips 3. Stolen Cards at the Office 2. Unsigned Credit Cards 5. Strange Requests for Your PIN Numbers 7. Today. it is a big business for criminals. this type of fraud was not very common. Plastic cards bring new convenience to your shopping and banking.
will not burn easily and can resist higher temperatures than paper money. unlike paper money. And its easy to use. It also doesn't wear after time as paper does nor does it rip and tear. You have no fear to be theft.6 Advantages & Disadvantage Advantages Plastic money. Paper money also picks up dirt and stains more easily than plastic money. Give you incentives. unlike paper money. Be more convenient to carry than cash. Provide a convenient payment method for purchases made on the Internet 47 . Plastic money is the debit and credit cards.Ch. will not burn easily and can resist higher temperatures than paper money. that you can redeem. Plus point of plastic money is that you won't have to carry your cash around all the time. such as reward points. Plastic money.
Have complicated terms and conditions. some extra money will be deducted for the bank services. Damage your credit rating if your payments are late.and over the telephone. Paper money also picks up dirt and stains more easily than plastic money. such as a line of credit or a Personal loan. Allow you to build up more debt than you can handle. Help you establish a good credit history. Disadvantage Cost much more than other forms of credit. unless it is cheaper to make. I can't really see any advantages to have paper money. Its disadvantage is that. 48 . if you don't pay on time. It also doesn't wear after time as paper does nor does it rip and tear.
with lot of insecurities and almost no infrastructure. it is the most important time in the history of Pakistan as the parameters of its Infrastructures are coming into existence. Pakistan has no exception when it comes to credit card business. Although a third world country. There is approximately 3000 Point of Sale Terminals (POST) present on merchant's sites connected with bank host system. Ch.5% of the money you spent. Perhaps. It’s around 2. 49 . Inter-city connectivity is accomplished through X.25 networks.7 TECHNOLOGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE One of the most important features that Plastic Money offers is the technology associated with this business. Credit card businesses rely on very reliable and secure technology and demands very Strong connectivity backbone.
It can also describe illegally and fraudulently withdrawing funds from an account that is not yours. A victim of credit card fraud can sometimes see bank accounts emptied of all their funds or negative marks going on her credit report for things she had nothing to do with. which is the act of posing as an individual to make purchases. 50 . The term can describe a person using a stolen credit card to purchase goods or services posing as the person named on the card. This is to protect the bank or Credit Card Company just as much as it is to protect the customer. Identity theft. There is an immense need of reliable wide area connectivity and this market is so huge and lucrative that it can accommodate many more industry giant Ch. is often classified together with credit card fraud.8 CASE STUDY What Happens in Credit Card Fraud Cases? The Basics A variety of crimes constitute credit card fraud. Many banks will monitor transactions made with a credit card and alert the person named on the account of any potentially suspicious activity.
Felony Credit card fraud is considered a felony by the courts of the United States.born citizen of the United States commits credit card 51 . If fraudulent transactions are proven to have been made on a person's account but the amount of the transactions is lower than the cost of an investigation the company can credit the money back to a person and then close the account to protect from further harm. Having a felony on a criminal record will also take away a person's eligibility in terms of running for public office. the police will be notified. If a person who is not a natural. A felony conviction stays on a person's record and can prevent the person from getting hired for a job. At that point an officer can question witnesses and review security camera footage in an attempt to identify suspects. If a suspect is arrested he can be tried in a court of law. As a result a person convicted of credit card fraud could face jail time (the exact amount of which depends on the extent of the crime).Investigation Exactly what happens during a credit card fraud case depends a great deal on the actions of the Credit Card Company or bank involved.00000000000000000000000000 If the amounts of fraudulent charges are so great that an investigation is warranted. The credit card company can look at a list of the fraudulent charges and determine where they were made.
banks have been using technology to reduce cost & enhance efficiency. As internet is growing at a fast rate the net users can be targeted by having interactive sites.fraud and is convicted of a felony the result could be being deported to their country of origin. etc have created a win-win situation by extending great convenienence. The prospective company’s card personality could 52 .9 CONCLUSION 21ST Century banking has become wholly customer-driven & technology driven by challenges of competition. They also need to identify potential customers and target those using mailers. Ch. Technology intensive delivery channels like net banking. From educating customers about credit cards there is a need to educate them about the differentiating factors of the cards. productivity & customer convenienence. rising customer expectations & shrinking margins. Because visa and master card are advertising regularly and thereby increases awareness. & multiple options for customer. The strategy should be to emphasize on its differentiating characteristics. mobile banking.
ORG WWW.RBI. Ch.COM WWW.YAHOO.INFOSEE.10 BIBLIOGRAPHY BOOKS INOVATION IN BANKING & INSURANCE FINANCIAL MARKET & SERVICES INDIAN BANKING INDUSTRIES INDIAN BANKING TIMES OF INDIA NEWS PAPER (1st OCT 2010) WEBSITE WWW.COM WWW.COM 53 .COM WWW.WIKIPEDIA .GOOGLESERCH.also be used in the home page to solve customer queries in the ‘Best Possible Manner’.
WWW.INDIANMBA.COM WWW.ORG 54 .INDINBANKING.
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