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Fundamentals of Number Portability
Key Account Manager – Russian Federation and CIS
Sr. Director – Strategic Technical Initiatives
© Neustar Inc. / Proprietary and Confidential
Outline • Market and Regulatory Drivers • Key Requirements for Number Portability • Role and Involvement of Regulators • Number Portability Network Options .
Drivers for Number Portability Deregulation and introduction of competition globally Enhance Competition among Operators » Create downward pressure on prices » Introduction of new bundles of services » Make it easier for newer entrants to gain market share » Consumers are moving towards a single number » Enhances the concept of personal mobility like personal terminal Mobile markets are driving the competition Mobile penetration rates are higher than fixed in most countries » Mobile players are introducing new services faster » Customers are replacing fixed phones with mobile phones » .
Types of Number Portability Service Provider/ Operator Portability » The ability to retain the telephone number when switching from one Service Provider / Network Operator to another within a defined geographic area − Fixed Number Portability (FNP): Geographic PSTN numbers − Mobile Number Portability (MNP): Mobile telephone numbers − Intelligent Number Portability (INP): Non-geographic IN numbers Service Portability » The ability to retain the telephone number when switching from one telecom service to another (Fixed->Mobile) Location (or Geographic) Portability The ability to retain the telephone number when moving from one physical location to another » Refers to porting of a geographic number from one location to another » .
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS). Support of Mobile Number Portability (MNP).16.0. Stage 2(Release 6) 5 . Stage 2 » 3GPP TS 23. Service description. Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS). Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS). Technical Specification Group Core Network and Terminals.0.0 (2001-03) − Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM). Technical Realisation.140 V6.Key Requirements for Number Portability ETSI/3GPP Standards relevant to Number Portability » ETSI TS 122 066 V4. Functional description. Stage 1 ETSI TS 123 066 V4.0 (2009-03) − Technical Specification 3rd Generation Partnership Project.0 (2001-03) − TS Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM). Support of Mobile Number Portability (MNP).
» ITU-T Q-series Recommendations .Key Requirements for Number Portability Routing Number Standards / Recommendations » ITU-T Recommendation Q.769. 7 ISDN user part.850 (1998) − Usage of cause and location in the digital subscriber signalling system No.Supplement 5 − Number Portability – Capability Set 2 Requirements for service provider portability (Query on release and dropback) March 1999 6 . 7 – ISDN user part enhancements for the support of Number Portability. » ITU-T Recommendation Q.1 (1999) − Signalling system No.
porting management. high-level implementation schedules Policies & regulations need to be clear. requirements. SOA/LSMS • Operator and Service Provider readiness is essential NP Clearinghouse • Neutral. practical & enforceable Operators and Service Providers • Network and System upgrades. porting process. audit and reporting • Experienced & proven CSMS provider is critical Consumers • End-users and main beneficiaries of MNP services • Consumer awareness and public education is needed Collaboration amongst all Constituencies = Success of MNP Deployment Neustar Confidential and Proprietary 7 . dispute resolution. porting data download. trusted party to facilitate and coordinate amongst competing operators • Master routing database.NP Constituencies and Their Roles Government/Regulators • • Laws.
g..Regulator Concerns General Views: » Removal of Competitive Barriers » Conserving and optimizing numbering resources » Consumer benefits Key Concerns include: » Ensure deployment of number portability −Provide impetus to create an Industry Consortium or working group to agree to business rules » Ensure compliance with regulation −Ports Completed within timeframe associated with regulation −Reporting on compliance – (e. are service providers meeting their obligations?) .
Number Portability Technical Solutions Direct Routing » All Call Query − Originating network determines the right destination for a number − Originating network directly routes the call to Terminating network .
uses Centralized DB Enables seamless use of services e. Data/IP Donor network does not incur costs in call routing Less operational costs Long-term solution Cons • Requires Centralized DB • High initial Set-up costs .All Call Query 972-444-1234 SCP NP DB LNP Database Originating Operator 2 3 Recipient Operator NRN + 972-444-1234 Switch 4 Switch 972-444-1234 1 5 Pros • • • • • • No involvement of Donor network Efficient call routing. MMS. SMS. ENUM.g.
Number Portability Technical Solutions Indirect or Inter-dependent Routing (Donor network involved in call routing) » Onward Routing − Originating network routes the call to Donor network − Donor network determines the right Terminating network − Donor network routes the call to the Terminating network » Query on Release − Originating network routes the call to Donor network − Donor network determines the number is ported and returns this indication − Originating network determines the right destination for the number by querying the DB − Originating network routes the call to the Terminating network » Call Drop-back − Originating network routes the call to Donor network − Donor network determines the number is ported and the right Terminating network − Donor network returns this indication of Terminating network to Originating network and releases the call − Originating network routes the call to the Terminating network .
no Centralized DB needed Donor network can setup its own databases Lower setup costs Short-term solution .Onward Routing Network Spec DB Originating Operator SCP DB NP Database Switch 972-444-1234 NRN + 972-444-1234 Switch Recipient Operator 1 2 3 4 5 6 Switch 972-444-1234 Pros • • • • Donor Operator Cons • Inefficient call routing (originating to donor n/w and donor to recipient n/w call setup needed) • High operational costs • Donor network incurs call routing costs Simple implementation.
Query on Release Central DB 972-444-1234 5 SCP DB NP Database Originating Operator Recipient Operator 6 NRN + 972-444-1234 Switch 7 NRN + 972-444-1234 Rel Message – Ported Switch 1 2 972-444-1234 4 8 3 Switch Call completes if number not ported 972-444-1234 Pros • Uses Centralized DB • Medium operational costs • Long-term solution Donor Operator Cons • • • • Requires Centralized DB High initial Set-up costs Donor network incurs call routing costs Inefficient call routing (originating to donor n/w call setup needed) .
Call Drop Back (Return to Pivot) Originating Operator RN + 972-444-1234 Recipient Operator 6 Switch Switch 5 1 2 RN + 972-444-1234 7 4 972-444-1234 Switch 3 SCP DB NP Database 972-444-1234 Donor Operator Network Spec DB Pros • Simple implementation. no Centralized DB needed • Donor network can setup its own databases • Lower setup costs • Short-term solution Cons • Inefficient call routing (originating to donor n/w call setup needed) • High operational costs • Donor network incurs call routing costs .
May 19. 2011 High Level Comparison DB OR Dropback QOR ACQ Local Local Central. Central. Donor Voice Circuits involved Yes Yes Yes No 2 1+1 on setup 1+1 on setup 1 • Centralized DB= DB with ported numbers of several operators • Local DB = DB with ported-out numbers for the operator • ACQ: most efficient for switching resources used • OR: least efficient (and Donor operator has to carry out calls of ported-out subs) 15 .
MNP Call Flow – Non Call Related -SMS Recipient Network Originating Network HLR 4 NP Database HLR 3 Visited Network 2 5 NP Database 1 SMS GMSC 6 VMC 16 .
krylov@neustar.Questions and Answers.biz Gary Richenaker + 1 571 294 1760 gary.biz 21 © Neustar Inc. / Proprietary and Confidential . Andrey Krylov + 7 916 8735 221 Andrey.richenaker@neustar.
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