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The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Vol 2

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Vol 2

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Published by: shilpa_deshpande_6 on May 26, 2011
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MURVË (Root)

Murv¡ consists of dried root of Marsdenia tenacissima Wight. & Am. (Fam.
Asclepiadaceae); a large stout, twining shrub, growing throughout the country

SYNONYMS

Sanskrit:Madhusrava, Madhurasa
Assamese:Murha
Bengali

:--

English

:--
Gujrati :Moravel
Hindi :Murva, Jartor
Kannada:Koratige Hambu, Kallu Shambu, Koratige, Halukaratige,
Kadaluhaleballi

Kashmiri:--
Malayalam:Perumkurumba
Marathi:Morvel
Oriya

:Murva, Murga

Punjabi

:--
Tamil :Perunkurinjan
Telugu :Chagaveru
Urdu

:Turbud Safed

DESCRIPTION

a) Macroscopic

Root cylindrical, available in cut pieces of varying length and 0.5-3 cm thick,
externally yellow to buff coloured with dark brown patches on the cork; prominent
longitudinal ridges and furrows and transverse cracks present; bark easily separable from
wood; fracture, short and granular in bark region and fibrous in wood; taste, slightly
bitter; odour, indistinct.

b) Microscopic

Root - Shows a cork, composed of 15-25 layers of thin-walled, tangentially elongated,
rectangular cells, some filled with reddish-brown contents; secondary cortex composed
of an outer region of broken ring of stone cells of varying thickness, followed by wide
zone of oval to polygonal parenchymatous cells; stone cells yellow in colour of variable
shapes and size; secondary phloem composed of mostly parenchyma with small patches
of sieve elements and small strands of stone cells, similar to those present in secondary
cortex; resin cells present irregularly in this region; phloem fibres absent; phloem rays 1

123

- 3 cells wide; secondary xylem segmented and shows a wedge-shaped structure,
consisting of small tangential, concentric bands of unlignified masses of
parenchymatous tissue, separated by similar concentric band of lignified tissue,
composed of vessels,tracheids, fibres, fibre tracheids and xylem parenchyma; in isolated
preparation xylem vessels cylindrical with transverse articulations, vary in shape and
size with borderd pits; fibres much elongated with mostly tapering ends and pitted walls;
thick-walled and lignified parenchyma possess simple and bordered pits and scalariform
thickening; xylem rays not distinctly marked where adjoining parenchyma is delignified;
rosette and a few prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate and abundant starch grains,
present in parenchymatous tissues; starch grains simple, elliptical to spherical with
central hilum, 5.5-22 µ dia., compound starch grains having 2-3 or rarely upto 6
components.

Powder - Light brown; shows a number of stone cells, fibres, tracheids, fibretracheids,
vessels with pitted walls, fragments of cork, rosette and prismatic crystals of calcium
oxalate, simple and compound starch grains, measuring 5.5 - 22 µ in diameter.

IDENTITY, PURITY AND STRENGTH

Foreign matter Not more than 2 per cent, Appendix 2.2.2.
Total Ash Not more than 5 per cent, Appendix 2.2.3.
Acid-insoluble ash Not more than 0.5 per cent, Appendix 2.2.4.
Alcohol-soluble extractive Not less than 7 per cent, Appendix 2.2.6.
Water-soluble extractive Not less than 14 per cent, Appendix 2.2.7.

CONSTITUENTS - Resin

PROPERTIES AND ACTION

Rasa

:Madhura, Tikta

Guna

:Guru, Sara

Virya

:UÀ¸a
Vipaka :Madhura
Karma

:Kaphahara, Pittahara, V¡tahara, ViÀaghna

IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS - Ëragvadh¡di Kv¡tha C£r¸a, Pa¶olad¢ Kv¡tha C£r¸a,
Prameha Mihira Taila, Sudar¿ana C£r¸a.

THERAPEUTIC USES - Ar¿a, H¤droga, Jvara, K¤miroga, Ka¸·£, Medoroga, Meha,
Raktapitta, Mukha áosa, T¤Àn¡.

DOSE - 2-6 g. of the drug in powder form.
10-20 g. of the drug for decoction.

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