P. 1
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Vol 2

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Vol 2

|Views: 506|Likes:
Published by shilpa_deshpande_6

More info:

Published by: shilpa_deshpande_6 on May 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/05/2013

pdf

text

original

YAVA (Fruit)

Yava consists of dried fruit of Hordeum vulgare Linn. Syn. H. sativum Pers. (Fam.
Poaceae); an annual, erect herb, 50-100 cm high, cultivated chiefly in North India.

SYNONYMS

Sanskrit:Dh¡nyar¡ja, T¢kÀ¸a¿uka, HayeÀ¶¡
Assamese:--
Bengali

:Jau, Jav

English

:Barley
Gujrati :Cheno, Jau
Hindi :Jav
Kannada:--
Kashmiri:--
Malayalam:Javegambu
Marathi:Yava, Java
Oriya

:--

Punjabi

:Javo
Tamil :Barley
Telugu :Barlibiyam, Yava Dhanya
Urdu

:Jau

DESCRIPTION

a) Macroscopic

Fruit a caryopsis, elliptic, oblong, ovoid-and tapering at both ends, smooth, about
1 cm long and 0.2-0.3 cm wide, dorsally compressed and flattened on the sides with a
shallow longitudinal furrow, 3-5 ridges having shallow depression between them, grains
tightly enclosed and adhering the lemma and palea; pale-greenish-yellow; odour, not
distinct; taste, sweetish-acrid.

b) Microscopic

Fruit -Shows single layered epidermis consisting of crescent-shaped, round to oval wavy
walled cells, followed by 2-3 layers, thick-walled, sclerenchymatous fibres; below the
sclerenchyma are present irregular, square or quadrilateral, spongy parenchymatous
cells, a few cell walls having silica bodies through which run the fibro-vascular bundles
of the ribs, followed by more or less, polygortal inner epidermal cells, a few inner
epidermal cells having unicellular claw-shaped hair and stomata; pericarp composed of
cells with more or less compressed parenchymatous cells; seed coat appears as a
colourless line; perisperm composed of cells with more or less wavy walls having

185

narrow lumens; endosperm divided into two zones, 2-4 cells deep aleurone layers, and
the rest starch layers; starch grains simple, round to oval, measuring 3-30 µ in diameter.

Powder - Creamish-white; shows groups of fragments of polygonal, thin-walled
flowering glume cells in surface view, sclerenchymatous fibres, scalariform vessels and
abundant round to oval, simple starch grains, measuring 3-30 µ in diameter.

IDENTITY, PURITY AND STRENGTH

Foreign matter Not more than 2 per cent, Appendix 2.2.2.
Total Ash Not more than 4 per cent, Appendix 2.2.3.
Acid-insoluble ash Not more than 1.5 per cent, Appendix 2.2.4.
Water-soluble ash Not less than 4 per cent, Appendix 2.2.5
Alcohol-soluble extractive Not less than 2.5 per cent, Appendix 2.2.6.
Water-soluble extractive Not less than 5.5 per cent, Appendix 2.2.7

T.L.C.

T.L.C. of alcoholic extract of the drug on Silica gel 'G' plate using n-Butanol :
Acetic acid: Water (4: 1 :5) shows under U.V. light (366 nm) seven fluorescent zones at
Rf. 0.10, 0.22, 0.31, 0.45, 0.68, 0.83 (all violet) and 0.92 (yellow). On spraying with
Phosphomolybdic acid reagent and on heating the plate for ten minutes at 105°C six
spots appear at Rf. 0.10, 0.22, 0.31, 0.68, 0.83 and 0.92 (all grey). On spraying with
Ninhydrin reagent eleven spots appear at Rf. 0.06, 0.14, 0.16, 0.24, 0.31, 0.36, 0.44,
0.53, 0.56, 0.65 & 0.72 (all pink.)

CONSTITUENTS - Starch, Sugars, Fats, Proteins (Albumin, Globulin, Prolamin and
Glutilin) also contains Flavone Glycosides viz, Orientoside,
Orientin, Vitexin etc.

PROPERTIES AND ACTION

Rasa

:Madhura, KaÀ¡ya

Guna

:M¤du, RukÀa

Virya

:á¢ta
Vipaka :Ka¶u
Karma

:Balya, Kaphahara, Lekhana, M£trahara, Medahara, Pittahara, Pur¢Àak
¤t, Sthairyakara, Svarya, V¡tak¤t, V¤Àya, Var¸ya

186

IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS - D¡dhika Gh¤ta, Agastyahar¢tak¢ Ras¡yana, El¡dya
Modaka, Dh¡nvantara Gh¤ta, Gandharvahasta Taila,
Dh¡nvantara Taila, B¤hatm¡Àa Taila, Sarsap¡di
Pralepa, K¡yasth¡dya Vartti.

THERAPEUTIC USES - áv¡sa, K¡sa, Medoroga, P¢nasa, Prameha, T¤À¸¡, Urustambha,
Kanharoga, Tvagroga

DOSE - 100 - 200 g. of the drug.

187

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->