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Sunil_ppt.

Sunil_ppt.

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Published by: avinashcs018 on May 27, 2011
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03/22/2014

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SEMINAR ON

DETERIORATION OF CONCRETE IN MARINE STRUCTURES
By Sunil.H.G

1

ORDER OF PRESENTATION
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

INTRODUCTION. CAUSES OF DETERIORATION. INSPECTIONS AND REPAIRS. TESTING AND EVALUATION PROTECTIVE MEASURES. CASE STUDY. CONCLUSIONS.
2

INTRODUCTION

The ocean constitute 71% of the earth. Pressure of growing population. Marine structures are subjected to aggressive environment. Durability is subject of major concern specially in marine environment .

3

MARINE ENVIRONMENT
1. 2. 3. 4.

Marine atmosphere zone Splash zone Tidal zone Submerged zone

4

MAIN CAUSES Physical Processes. Chemical Processes. Biological Processes.

5

PHYSICAL PROCESSES
Cracking 2. Abrasion 3. Frost and Deicing salts
1.

6

PHYSICAL PROCESSES

7

CHEMICAL PROCESSES   

Acid attack Sulphate attack Alkali attack

8

CHLORIDE ATTACK 

In 1965 ramp in south Australia was reconstructed due to severe chlorine attack with large cracks, which lead to corrosion.

9

BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES

10

Excessive marine growth on offshore structure

11

Environmental Factors
Exposure Conditions  Temperature and Humidity  Water  Aggressive Elements 

12

OTHER CAUSES 

   

Design and Constructional Defects Poor Quality Materials Inadequate Supervision Corrosion of Reinforcement Technical factors

13

Ex: Corrosion

14

INSPECTIONS AND REPAIRS INSPECTIONS
Visual inspection Cracking Conditions of exposed metal components Condition of foundation Amount of marine growth
15

REPAIRS
1. 2. 3. 4.

Removal of deteriorated concrete Sealing of cracks Replacement of concrete Surface treatment  

Vapour permeable coatings Vapour barrier coatings Realkalisation Desalination
16

5.

Restoration of structures  

TESTING AND EVALUATION 



FIELD METHODS LAB METHODS

17

FIELD METHODS 

Schmidt hammer method  Portable adhesion

tester method  Galvanised pulse method  Half-cell potential measurement

18

Schmidt hammer method

Fig: Testing by Rebound Hammer

19

Galvanised pulse method

20

HALF-CELL POTENTIAL MEASUREMENT

21

Exposure test before construction

22

LAB TESTING

Fatigue test of steel pipe

23

COLLAPSE TESTING FOR TUBULAR FRAME

24

PLATE GIRDER FATIGUE TEST

25

PROTECTIVE MEASURES
Good concrete mix design  Use of sacrificial steel liners  Care during placement of concrete  Reinforcement placing 

26

OTHER MEASURES

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Cover concrete Planning and construction details Drainage of water Structural design Constructional aspects Accessibility and maintainability
27

PILE DRIVING

28

PREFABRICATION UNIT

29

OTHER MEASURES
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Concrete Water cement ratio Cement content Curing Steel 
    

Metallurgical methods Corrosion inhibitors Coating to reinforcement Cathodic protection Corrosion retardant Coating to concrete
30

OPC AFTER 18 YEARS 

The structure was safe because of the use of caltite as admixture.

31

OPC AFTER 20 YEARS WITHOUT CALTITE

32

Epoxy coated bar

33

EPOXY COATED STRUCTURE

34

SACRIFICIAL ANODIC PROTECTION

35

CATHODIC PROTECTION FOR SEVERE ENVIRONMENT

36

APPLICATION OF GALVANIC CATHODIC PROTECTION

37

IMPRESSED CATHODIC PROTECTION

Here ELGARD anode mesh is attached to the inside of the fibreglass jacket. The serviceability of the structure can be increased upto 50 years.

38

LAYING OF IMPRESSED CATHODE SYSTEM

39

CATHODIC PROTECTION OF PILES IN FLORIDA

40

CASE STUDY

³CORROSION MONITORING IN MARINE ENVIRONMENT´

41

YACHT MARINE IN ADRIATIC COAST IN SPLIT CITY

42

LOCATION ± Adriatic coast in Dalmatian area within the city of Split. MAJOR CAUSES ± Test dock was completely covered with shells. ± In some places concrete cover was destroyed due to corrosion of concrete. ± Drilled concrete cores suffered severe chloride attack due increase in the chloride content. ± Improper design and maintenance.

43

DOCK TESTED IN NOVEMBER 2001 SHOWED CRITICAL CONDITIONS

44

VISUAL CRACKS IN CRITICAL BEAM SECTION

45

CORROSION EFFECT IN COLUMNS

46

CRITICAL BEAM STRUCTURES

47

REMEDIAL MEASURES
1.

2. 3.

Use of prefabricated and pre stressed concrete elements. Use of Mitigation Corrosion Inhibitors(MCI). Replacement of defected concrete elements by good quality concrete.

48

NEW STRUCTURES BUILT IN NOVEMBER 2002 IN SPRING

49

OBSERVATIONS
1. The monitoring was done to the new structure regularly for every three months and results were compared with the results of the old structure. 2. The new structure was found to be more durable due to these reasons, ‡ The use of MCI has lowered the rate of corrosion . ‡ Prefabricated and pre stressed concrete elements improved the strength of concrete. 50

CONCLUSIONS 

All the marine structures should be monitored regularly. All the preventive measures right from the first minute of initiation of constuction. As time and tides waits for nobody it is pertinent to construct the marine structure with atmost care. Durability criteria should be considered during the design of marine structures to enhance the serviceability of the structure.   

51

THANK YOU
52

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