# Physics 202 Spring 2010 Practice Questions for Chapters 21-24 Note: Answer key is at end. 1.

A uniformly positively charged spherical conductor is placed midway between two identical uncharged conducting spheres. How would the charges in the middle sphere be distributed?

A) The positive charges stay uniformly distributed on the surface of the middle sphere. B) There are more positive charges near the top and bottom of the sphere compared to the sides next to the two other spheres. C) There are more positive charges near the sides of the spheres that are next to the other two spheres compared to the other regions of the sphere. D) There are more positive charges near the front and back of the sphere compared to the sides next to the two other spheres. E) None of these is correct.

2. Two small spheres, each with mass m = 5.0 g and charge q, are suspended from a point by threads of length L = 0.30 m. What is the charge on each sphere if the threads make an angle θ = 20° with the vertical?

A) 7.9 × 10–7 C B) 2.9 × 10–7 C C) 7.5 × 10–2 C D) 6.3 × 10–13 C E) 1.8 × 10–7 C

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3. Charges q1 and q2 exert repulsive forces of 10 N on each other. What is the repulsive force when their separation is decreased so that their final separation is 80% of their initial separation? A) 16 N B) 12 N C) 10 N D) 8.0 N E) 6.4 N

4. Two positive charges (+8.0 mC and +2.0 mC) are separated by 300 m. A third charge is placed at distance r from the +8.0 mC charge in such a way that the resultant electric force on the third charge due to the other two charges is zero. The distance r is A) 0.25 km B) 0.20 km C) 0.15 km D) 0.13 km E) 0.10 km

5. Point charges of 4.0 × 10–8 C and –2.0 × 10–8 C are placed 12 cm apart. A third point charge of 3.0 × 10–8 C halfway between the first two point charges experiences a force of magnitude A) 4.5 × 10–3 N B) 2.0 × 10–3 N C) 1.5 × 10–3 N D) zero E) 5.0 × 10–3 N

6. A charge 2Q is located at the origin while a second charge –Q is located at x = a. Where should a third charge be placed so that the net force on the charge is zero?

A) x < 0 B) 0 < x < a C) x > a D) x < 0 or 0 < x < a E) 0 < x < a or x > a

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7. If all the charges are 15 cm from the origin (the crossing point of the vertical and horizontal lines) in the above figure and Q = +3.0 µC, then calculate the magnitude of the net force on a charge of +Q placed at the origin.

A) 22.8 N B) 10.2 N C) 26.0 N D) 187 N E) none of the above

8. Three charges are located at 100-m intervals along a horizontal line: a charge of –3.0 C on the left, 2.0 C in the middle, and 1.0 C on the right. What is the electric field on the horizontal line halfway between the –3.0 C and 2.0 C charges? A) 2.2 × 107 N/C to the left B) 1.8 × 107 N/C to the right C) 1.8 × 107 N/C to the left D) 3.2 × 106 N/C to the right E) 4.0 × 106 N/C to the left

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9. Three charges Q1, Q2, and Q3, each equal to 6.4 × 10–19 C, are in a straight line. The distance between neighboring charges is 60 nm. The magnitude of the electric field at P, which is 80 nm from Q2 on a line at right angles to the line between Q1 and Q3, is

A) 1.2 × 10–8 N/C B) 16 N/C C) 2.0 N/C D) 1.9 × 1010 N/C E) 1.2 × 108 N/C

10. Three charges, each of Q = 3.2 × 10–19 C, are arranged at three of the corners of a 20-nm square as shown. The magnitude of the electric field at D, the fourth corner of the square, is approximately

A) 1.4 × 107 N/C B) 1.0 × 1011 N/C C) 3.6 × 1010 N/C D) 30 N/C E) 1.8 × 107 N/C

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If the electric field is zero at a distance of 3d/4 from Q1 (towards Q2).11. the one at which the electric field is zero is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 13. The electric field at point A is zero. Charges Q1 = –q and Q2 = +4q are placed as shown. D) +16 µC E) –16 µC 12. What is charge Q1? A) +32 µC B) –32 µC C) The field cannot be zero at A for any value of Q1. then what is the relation between Q1 and Q2? A) Q1 = Q2 /9 B) Q1 = 9Q2 C) Q1 = Q2 /3 D) Q1 = 3Q2 E) Q1 = 4Q2 /3 Page  5  of  40   . Two charges Q1 and Q2 are a distance d apart. Of the five positions indicated by the numbered dots.

The negatively charged ring lies in the xz plane. then calculate the magnitude of the electric field E and the sign of the bob charge Q. C) 9. A) 1.73 × 101 N/C and Q is negative.81 × 101 N/C and Q is negative. and all vectors shown lie in the yz plane.0 degrees with the vertical. E) 1. D) 1. The point P is on the axis of a ring of charge. The vector that correctly represents the direction of the electric field at this point is A) B) C) D) E) Page  6  of  40   .73 × 101 N/C and Q is positive. 15. A bob of mass m (m = 0.0 µC) is held by a massless string in a uniform electric field E. If the bob makes an angle of 10. and charge magnitude Q (Q = 50. B) 9.81 × 101 N/C and Q is positive.500 g).80 × 10–1 N/C and Q is positive.14.

9 × 103 m/s C) 3. a uniform electric field of 1.6 × 106 m/s B) 3. Q1 = 9. An electric dipole consists of a positive charge separated from a negative charge of the same magnitude by a small distance. In the diagram.5 m/s2 E) 7.1 × 108 m/s D) 5. Which.16.0 µC and Q2 = –9.5 cm/s2 17. Page  7  of  40   . If Q2 has a mass of 3. at the end of 15 ns the electron's velocity will be approximately A) 9.0 µC.65 kN/C. If the electric field is 3. if any.4 × 106 m/s 18.8 kN/C imposed in the positive y direction would give this particle an acceleration in the y direction of approximately A) zero B) 5.0 g.4 m/s2 C) 6.5 × 103 m/s E) 7.8 cm/s2 D) 4. An electron is released from rest in a uniform electric field. of the diagrams best represents the electric field lines around an electric dipole? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) None of these is correct.

The first dipole is not free to rotate but the second dipole can rotate in any direction. p1 and p2.4 × 10–15 N · m D) 6.2 × 10–16 N · m B) 6. are arranged as shown. 2 – counter-clockwise. 3 – rotate about axis of the dipole rolling up.2 × 10–16 N · m C) 1.0 × 10–6 N/C. and 4 – rotate about axis of the dipole rolling down. 20. An electric dipole of magnitude 25 p C · m makes an angle of 65° with a uniform electric field of magnitude 3.5 × 10–16 N · m Page  8  of  40   . What is the magnitude of the torque on the dipole? A) 3.8 × 10–16 N · m E) 7. Which way will p2 rotate? The directions represent the following: 1 – clockwise. A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) None of these is correct. Two electric dipoles.19.

0 m. E) positive z direction.21.0 µC/m2.54 MN/C E) 18 kN/C Page  9  of  40   . B) negative x direction. is in the positive x direction.96 kN/C D) 5. An infinite line charge of linear density λ = 0. 22. An electric dipole of moment is placed in a uniform external electric field as is in the positive y direction.10 cm is approximately A) 0.2 kN/c E) 0.34 MN/C B) 68 kN/C C) 99 kN/C D) 0. C) positive y direction. If the dipole is to should be in the shown in the diagram. D) negative y direction.64 mN/C 23. The x component of the electric field at the point P on the x axis at x = 3.2 kN/C C) 0.0 m is approximately A) 1.30 µC/m lies along the z axis and a point charge q = 6.8 kN/C B) 4. The electric field on the axis of the disk at a distance of 0. A disk of radius 10 cm carries a uniform surface charge density of 6.0 µC lies on the y axis at y = 2. A) positive x direction. The dipole moment vector The external electric field vector have minimum potential energy.

3 N/C C) 9. D) increases linearly with x. E) is undetermined.8 N/C B) 15. B) decreases as 1/x2. A uniform circular ring has charge Q and radius r.) A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) none of the diagrams 25.24.65 N/C D) 4. A uniform line charge of linear charge density λ = 5. Which of the following diagrams best represents the electric field lines from the disk? (The disk is drawn as a cross–section. 26. A uniformly charged disk also has charge Q and radius r. C) is constant and does not depend on x.60 C) 1.27 N/C E) 2.88 N/C 27. A conducting circular disk has a uniform positive surface charge density.7 D) 0.00 nC/m extends from x = 0 to x = 10 m. The magnitude of the electric field at the point y = 12 m on the perpendicular bisector of the finite line of charge is A) 18. A) 1. Calculate the ratio of the electric field at a distance of r along the axis of the ring to the electric field at a distance of r along the axis of the disk.85 Page  10  of  40   .0 B) 0.50 E) 0. The electric field at a distance x from the plane A) decreases linearly with x. An infinite plane lies in the yz–plane and it has a uniform surface charge density.

13 kN · m2/C 29.10 kN · m2/C B) 0.m2/C B) 2.35 × 108 N.2 µC 31.0 kN/C) .03 × 106 N.13 MN · m2/C 30.13 × 108 N. What is the flux through the curved surface of the cylinder? A) zero B) 1. A cube of side 3.20 kN · m2/C C) 0.3 N · m2/C E) 0.m2/C Page  11  of  40   .m2/C E) 1.m2/C D) 1.50 kN · m2/C E) 0. An electric field is = (400 N/C) for x > 0 and = (–400 N/C) for x < 0.40 kN · m2/C D) 0. Consider a uniform electric field = (5.58 × 105 N.11 µC placed at its center. What is the net charge inside the cylinder? A) zero B) 22 nC C) 0.3 kN · m2/C C) 0. Calculate the electric flux through one side of the cube.25 kN · m2/C D) 1. A cylinder of length 30 cm and radius 10 cm has its center at the origin and its axis along the x axis such that one end is at x = +15 cm and the other is at x = –15 cm.5 nC E) 2. What is the flux of this field through a square of side 20 cm in a plane parallel to the yz plane? A) 0.28. An electric field is = (400 N/C) for x > 0 and = (–400 N/C) for x < 0. A cylinder of length 30 cm and radius 10 cm has its center at the origin and its axis along the x axis such that one end is at x = +15 cm and the other is at x = –15 cm.56 cm has a charge of 9.m2/C C) 8. A) 1.22 nC D) 4.72 × 105 N.

in terms of k = (4πε0)–1. Gauss's law makes it easy to determine that the electric field strength at a perpendicular distance r from the rod is.m2/C E) 383 N.6 × 106 N/C Page  12  of  40   .m2/C D) 2. calculate the magnitude of the latter.32.36 × 10–3 N.m2/C C) 1. If the radius of the sphere is 50 cm.m2/C passing through it at an angle of 25° to the horizontal.m2/C B) 423 N.4 × 104 N/C E) 3.6 × 105 N/C C) 1. A hollow metal sphere has a total charge of 100 µC.m2/C 33. A horizontal surface of area 0.321 m2 has an electric flux of 123 N. the electric field intensity at a distance of 3.0 × 105 N/C B) 2.0 m from the surface of the sphere is approximately A) 3. If the flux is due to a uniform electric field. A rod of infinite length has a charge per unit length of λ (= q/l). A) 907 N.0 × 105 N/C D) 7.10 × 10–3 N. A) kλ/r2 B) kλ/r C) 4πkλ/r D) 2kλ/r E) zero 34.

44 kN/C C) 57 N/C D) 0. An infinitely long cylinder of radius 4.12 kN/C B) 1.1 cm? A) zero B) 0.35.44 kN/C E) 0. What is the electric field at r = 4. What is the electric field at r = 3.74 kN/C D) 2. An infinitely long cylinder of radius 4.23 kN/C Page  13  of  40   .3 kN/C E) 12 kN/C 36.11 kN/C C) 57 N/C D) 0. What is the electric field at r = 8.0 cm carries a uniform volume charge density ρ = 500 nC/m3.0 cm carries a uniform volume charge density ρ = 200 nC/m3.11 kN/C E) 0.9 cm? A) zero B) 0. A sphere of radius 8.0 cm carries a uniform volume charge density ρ = 200 nC/m3.5 kN/C C) 0.23 kN/C 37.1 cm? A) 0.

0 nC/m2.81 kN/C B) zero C) 1.32 kN/C D) 0.0 cm carries a uniform surface charge density σ = 12 nC/m2.0 cm is approximately A) 0. The electric field at r = 6.0 kN/C C) zero D) 0.53 kN/C Page  14  of  40   . The electric field at r = 16 cm is approximately A) 0. A spherical shell of radius 9. A spherical shell of radius 9.38.0 cm carries a uniform surface charge density σ = 9.13 kN/C E) 0. An infinitely long cylindrical shell of radius 6.13 kN/C B) 1.75 kN/C E) zero 40.0 cm carries a uniform surface charge density σ = 9.0 nC/m2.56 kN/C 39.0 kN/C C) 0.32 kN/C B) 1.3 kN/C D) 12 kN/C E) 0.1 cm is approximately A) 0. The electric field at r = 4.

Use the following to answer questions 41-42. The electric at y = b where 0 < b < d is A) 4πkρb B) 2πkρb C) 4πkρ/b D) 2πkρ/b E) 4πkρ/b2 42. 41. An infinite slab of thickness 2d lies in the xz–plane. The slab has a uniform volume charge density ρ. Which diagram best represents the electric field along the y–axis? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) none of the diagrams Page  15  of  40   .

9 × 1010 N/C 44.2 × 109 N/C B) 2. A) ε0/σ B) σ/ε0 C) ε0/σ2 D) ε02/σ2 E) σ2/ε0 45.8 × 106 m/s C) 6.7 × 1015 m/s E) 5. 0) m? A) 8 V B) –8 V C) –16/3 V D) –24/3 V E) 11 V Page  16  of  40   .2 × 1010 N/C D) 4.7 × 1011 N/C E) 4. The electric field for an infinite plane of charge is discontinuous by the amount _____ at a point where there is a surface charge density σ. The voltage between the cathode and the screen of a television set is 22 kV.6 × 1011 N/C C) 8.43. y) = (2.8 × 107 m/s B) 2. A) 5. A non-conducting pipe has a uniform charge density of 50 C/m3.2 × 107 m/s D) 7. If we assume a speed of zero for an electron as it leaves the cathode. what is its speed just before it hits the screen? A) 8. while the outer radius is 35 cm.3 × 107 m/s 46. The inner radius of the pipe is 25 cm. What is the potential from the origin to (x. The electric field in a region is given by where the units are in V/m. Calculate the magnitude of the electric field at r = 30 cm.

67 × 10–27) kg. and an alpha particle with a charge of 2(1. How much work is required to move this charge 20 cm along a path making an angle of 60° with the electric field? A) 0.9 × 10–17 kg between the plates.0 V Page  17  of  40   . E) none of these procedures 48.6 × 10–19) C and a mass of 7(1. A charge of 2. If the droplet carries two electronic charges and if there were no air buoyancy.40 cm apart in air. C) accelerating the alpha particle through V volts and the lithium nucleus through 7V/4 volts. D) accelerating the alpha particle through V volts and the lithium nucleus through 7V/6 volts.6 × 10–19) C and a mass of 4(1.14 J B) 0. They could be accelerated to the same kinetic energy by A) accelerating them through the same electrical potential difference.34 J C) 80 mJ D) 14 J E) 8. You introduce an oil droplet of mass 4. Two parallel horizontal plates are spaced 0.0 V D) 0.12 kV E) 6.67 × 10–27) kg. are at rest. you could hold the droplet motionless between the plates if you kept the potential difference between them at A) 60 V B) 12 V C) 3.47.0 J 49.0 × 105 N/C. A lithium nucleus with a charge of 3(1.0 mC is located in a uniform electric field of intensity 4. B) accelerating the alpha particle through V volts and the lithium nucleus through 2V/3 volts.

The intensity of the field is 23 kN/C. A uniform electric field exists between two parallel plates separated by 1.4 × 10–17 N C) 1. The electric force on a positive charge of 6.8 × 10–18 N B) 2.2 cm.30 kV E) None of these is correct.6 × 10–18 N D) 4.50.0 MV C) 15 kV D) 0. Two parallel metal plates 0.5 MV B) 3. What is the potential difference between the plates? A) 7.35 cm apart have a potential difference between them of 175 V.2 × 10–14 N 51.8 × 10–16 N E) 3.4 × 10–19 C at a point midway between the plates is approximately A) 4. Page  18  of  40   .

The potential for line c is A) –100 V B) +100 V C) –200 V D) +200 V E) zero 53. q = –e. The work required to move a third charge. the potential becomes A) V/3 B) 3V C) V/9 D) 9V E) 1/V2 Page  19  of  40   .Use the following to answer questions 52-53. The potential a distance R from a unit positive point charge is found to be V. 52. The equipotential lines are at 100 V intervals. Two equal positive charges are placed x m apart. from the +100 V line to b is A) –100 eV B) +100 eV C) –200 eV D) +200 eV E) zero 54. If the distance between the charge and the point at which the potential is measured is tripled and is now 3V.

6 × 10–9 C and Q2 = –3.55.9 × 10–7 J C) –2. The figure depicts a uniform electric field.3 × 10–9 C) A) –3.0 × 10–7 J B) 8. The direction in which there is no change in the electric potential is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 Page  20  of  40   .9 × 10–7 J E) 3. Two charges Q1 and Q2 are at rest a distance of 66 cm apart.0 × 10–7 J 56. How much work must be done to slowly move the charges to a separation of 33 cm? (Q1 = +6.0 × 10–6 J D) –8.

The electric potential in a region of space is given by V(x. The electric field in this region is A) 50 V B) (15 V/m)x C) (50 V/m + 15 V/m) D) (15 V/m) E) –(15 V/m) 59.57. y. The figure depicts a uniform electric field. The electric potential in a region of space is given by V(x) = 50 V + (15 V/m) x. z) = (10 V/m) x + (20 V/m) y + (30 V/m) z The x-component of the electric field in this region is A) (10 V/m) B) –(10 V/m) C) (20 V/m) D) –(20 V/m) E) –(30 V/m) Page  21  of  40   . The direction in which the increase in the electric potential is a maximum is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 58.

which graph shows the electric field E as a function of distance r? A) 2 B) 3 C) 4 D) 5 E) 6 61. v = V(x). The electric potential is known to be a function of x only. If the potential V of an array of charges versus the distance from the charges is as shown in graph 1. i.60.. The electric field at a position x1 is given by A) V(x1) B) C) D) E) 62.e. The graph that best represents the electric potential of a uniformly charged spherical shell as a function of the distance from the center of the shell is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 Page  22  of  40   .

63. The ring carries a uniform charge of 10 nC. A ring of radius 5 cm is the yz plane with its center at the origin.63 cm/s D) 3. 64.36 cm/s B) 1.94 cm/s C) 2.Use the following to answer question 63. The graph that represents the electric potential near an infinite plane of charge is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5 Page  23  of  40   .43 cm/s E) None of these is correct. A small particle of mass m = 10 mg and charge q0 = 5 nC is placed at x = 12 cm and released. The speed of the particle when it is a great distance from the ring is A) 1.

The magnet's long axis lies along the x axis. as shown.0 µC of charge is 540 kV. What is the radius of the shell? A) 1. C) be reduced to 50% of its previous value.000 V E) None of these is correct. E) be unchanged.0 × 101 m B) 1. D) be reduced to 25% of its previous value. D) is not necessarily moving. 67. C) must be moving either away from or toward the ring. The potential of a spherical shell carrying 6. The electric potential at a distance of 50 cm from the center of the spherical shell is A) 18 V B) 180 V C) 1800 V D) 18. 68.65. The magnet A) must be moving away from the ring.0 × 102 m C) 3. the rate at which energy is delivered by the wave would A) double. as indicated in the figure. A charge of 100 nC resides on the surface of a spherical shell of radius 20 cm. If you were to double the amplitude and halve the frequency of a harmonic (sinusoidal) wave on a string while keeping the wave speed constant. B) must be moving toward the ring. A copper ring lies in the yz plane. Induced current flows through the ring.0 × 10–1 m E) none of the above Page  24  of  40   .2 × 10–1 m D) 1. B) quadruple. E) must remain stationary to keep the current flowing 66.

C) the greatest for path C → C'. The lines represent four paths (A → A'. The work involved can be said to be A) the greatest for path A → A'.25 × 105 V D) 2. The figure shows portions of four equipotential surfaces whose potentials are related as follows: V1 > V2 > V3 > V4. C → C'. B) the greatest for path B → B'.69. E) the same for all paths. A) 1. The two spheres are then connected by a thin conducting wire. A conducting sphere of radius r1 = 10 cm and charge q1 = 2 µC is placed far apart from a second conducting sphere of radius r2 = 30 cm and charge q2 = 3 µC. What is the potential on the surface of the first sphere after the two spheres are connected by the wire? Use the reference V = 0 for r at infinity.70 × 105 V E) none of the above 70.80 × 105 V C) 2. Page  25  of  40   . D) the greatest for path D → D'.12 × 105 V B) 1. D→ D') along which equal test charges are moved. B → B'.

How much charge is there on the second sphere after the two spheres have been separated? A) 2. depending on the charges on the spheres. Two charged metal spheres are connected by a wire. A second. The potential at r = 10 cm is A) 100 V B) 50 V C) 25 V D) zero E) cannot be determined 73. as shown. A solid spherical conductor of radius 15 cm has a charge Q = 6. initially uncharged. 72. spherical conductor of radius 10 cm is moved toward the first until they touch and is then moved far away from it.2 nC D) 3.2 nC C) 3. depending on the radii of the spheres. The potential on the surface of a solid conducting sphere of radius r = 20 cm is 100 V. Sphere A is larger than sphere B.9 nC E) 4. E) could be greater than or less than that at the surface of sphere B. D) could be greater than or less than that at the surface of sphere B.3 nC Page  26  of  40   . The magnitude of the electric potential of sphere A A) is greater than that at the surface of sphere B. C) is the same as that at the surface of sphere B. B) is less than that at the surface of sphere B.5 nC on it.6 nC B) 2.71.

When the charges reach equilibrium. A) the outside of the shell has a charge of –Q and the ball has a charge of +Q.74. A solid conducting sphere of radius ra is placed concentrically inside a conducting spherical shell of inner radius rb1 and outer radius rb2. A) 6. uncharged metal shell and allowed to rest on the bottom of the shell. The inner sphere carries a charge Q while the outer sphere does not carry any net charge. C) the outside of the shell has a charge of zero and the ball has a charge of +Q. D) the outside of the shell has a charge of +Q and the ball has zero charge.2 m D) 2. A metal ball of charge +Q is lowered into an insulated.5 m E) 3.0 m Page  27  of  40   . E) the ouside of the shell has a charge of +Q and the ball has a charge of –Q. 76.0 × 10–3 C before breakdown. B) the outside of the shell has a charge of +Q and the ball has a charge of +Q.0 m B) 4. The potential for rb1 < r < rb2 is A) B) C) D) E) zero 75. If the maximum charge that can be placed on a spherical conductor is 2. calculate the diameter of the sphere.0 × 106 V/m.9 m C) 1. Dielectric breakdown occurs in the air at an electric field strength of Emax = 3.

C) the potential changes to (1/2)V. A capacitor of capacitance C holds a charge Q when the potential difference across the plates is V. A) the capacitance becomes (1/2)V. A positive point charge of 10–4 C is located 3 m from another positive point charge of 10–5 C. If the charge Q on the plates is doubled to 2Q. Calculate the change in electrostatic potential energy of a charge. Page  28  of  40   .69 J D) 2.77.565 J C) 1. Their mutual electric potential energy is A) 3 J B) 2 J C) 1 J D) zero E) –1 J 78. D) The work required to assemble the charges depends on which charge is placed at which corner. 79. Which of the following statements is true? A) The work required to assemble the charges is always positive.82 J E) zero 80. B) The electrostatic potential energy of the system is always positive. A) 1. B) the capacitance becomes 2C. E) The electrostatic potential energy depends on which charge is placed at which corner. E) the potential does not change. Q = 1 µC. Three charges are brought from infinity and placed at the corner of an equilateral triangle. D) the potential changes to 2V. when it is moved from a distance x = 4 m to 2 m from an infinite plane of uniform surface charge density σ = 10 µC/m2. C) The electrostatic potential energy does not depend on the order the charges are placed at the corners.13 J B) 0.

0 µV D) 0. How large a capacitance must you use? A) 0.2 × 10–11 F C) 2.0 mC.0 mm.18 nF D) 14 pF E) 5. the potential difference across the capacitor is A) 0.50 V E) None of these is correct.2 × 10–10 F E) 7. D) increased by a factor of 4. You make a homemade capacitor out of two flat circular metal plates.0 V C) 2.81. B) doubled.2 × 10–12 F D) 2. If a capacitor of capacitance 2. C) halved.0 V. What would be the capacitance of your capacitor? A) 7. A coaxial cable consists of a wire of radius 0. If the area of the plates of a parallel-plate capacitor is doubled.014 µF B) 0. You then connect each plate to the terminals of a 6-V battery.6 pF 84.0 × 10–10 F Page  29  of  40   .11 nF/m C) 92 pF/m D) 23 pF/m E) 46 pF/m 85. 83.0 × 10–12 F B) 2. You want to store 1010 excess electrons on the negative plate of a capacitor at 9.18 µF C) 0. each of radius 5 cm. Its capacitance per unit length is approximately A) 17 nF/m B) 0. the capacitance is A) not changed.50 kV B) 2. 82. E) decreased by a factor of 1/4. and hold them a distance of 1 cm apart.30 mm and an outer conducting shell of radius 1.0 µF is given a charge of 1.

50 kJ Page  30  of  40   .0 J C) 25 J D) 5. the energy stored in the capacitor changes by a factor of A) 27 B) 9 C) 3 D) 8 E) 1/3 89. A 2.0-µF capacitor has a potential difference of 5000 V. an electric field is produced between its plates. B) The work required to charge a capacitor can be thought of as the work required to create the electric field between its plates. E) All of these are true. C) The energy density in the space between the plates of a capacitor is directly proportional to the first power of the electric field. Which of the following statements is false? A) In the process of charging a capacitor. If you increase the charge on a parallel-plate capacitor from 3 µC to 9 µC and increase the plate separation from 1 mm to 3 mm. The work done in charging it was A) 2.86. 87. 88. D) The potential difference between the plates of a capacitor is directly proportional to the electric field. A capacitor is constructed by placing a conducting sphere of radius a concentrically inside a thin conducting spherical shell of radius b.5 J B) 5. Derive an expression for the capacitance of such a capacitor. A) B) C) D) E) It is not possible to construct such a capacitor.0 mJ E) 0.

If the area of the plates of a parallel plate capacitor is halved and the separation between the plates tripled. You attach a 30-pF capacitor across a 1.328 nJ B) 6.5 × 10–11 J C) 6.5-V battery. How much energy is stored in the capacitor? A) 3.4 × 10–11 J B) 4.5 × 10–8 J 91.90. then by what factor does the energy stored in the capacitor change? A) increase by a factor of 2 B) decrease by a factor of 2/3 C) increase by a factor of 6 D) increase by a factor of 3/2 E) decrease by a factor of 1/6 92.69 µJ C) 3. A coaxial cable has the inner wire of radius a = 1 mm and the outside shield of radius b = 8 mm.4 × 10–8 J E) 4. while the charge on the capacitor remains constant. The electrostatic energy per meter of the cable is A) 0.5 µJ E) zero Page  31  of  40   . The electric field strength between the wire and the shield is given by .7 × 10–11 J D) 3.34 µJ D) 14.

You connect three capacitors as shown in the diagram.5 µF D) 5.Use the following to answer questions 93 and 94.0 µF. E) None of these is correct. The effective capacitance of this combination when C1 = 5. You connect three capacitors as shown in the diagram below. C2 = 4. D) the same. C2 = 4.44 µF B) 2.0 µF. C) independent of its capacitance.12 mJ D) 0.41 mJ E) 16 mF 95.0 µF. C1 = 5.0 µF.3 µF C) 3. 93. Page  32  of  40   . and C3 = 3. and C3 = 3. the energy stored in C3 will be approximately A) 0.16 mJ B) 41 µJ C) 0.0 µF is approximately A) 0.2 µF E) 12 µF 94. If you apply 12 V between points A and B.0 µF. The voltage across each capacitor in a set of capacitors in parallel is A) directly proportional to its capacitance. B) inversely proportional to its capacitance.

33 V E) 0.0 V C) 1.5-V battery. the equivalent capacitance A) is less than C1. the equivalent capacitance A) is less than C1. D) is more than C2. If C1 < C2 < C3 < C4 for the combination of capacitors shown. B) is more than C4. If C1 < C2 < C3 < C4 for the combination of capacitors shown. The potential difference across capacitor C1 is approximately A) 0. E) could be any value depending on the applied voltage.5 V D) 0. D) is less than C2.67 V 97.50 V B) 1. B) is more than C4. You connect two capacitors C1 = 15 pF and C2 = 30 pF in series across a 1.96. 98. Page  33  of  40   . E) could be any value depending on the applied voltage. C) is between C2 and C3. C) is between C2 and C3.

1 × 103 C D) 1. If all the four capacitors have equal values of 50 µF then calculate the equivalent capacitance of the circuit shown. If each capacitor has a capacitance of 3 pF.6 × 10–4 C C) 2. A) 50 µF B) 30 µF C) 75 µF D) 100 µF E) 83 µF Page  34  of  40   .7 × 10–3 C E) 4. You want to use three capacitors in a circuit.8 × 10–4 C 101.99. 100.4 × 10–4 C B) 9. 4 µF and 8 µF are connected in parallel across a 120-V source. The charge on the 4 µF capacitor is A) 2. the configuration that gives you an equivalent capacitance of 2 pF between points x and y is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) None of these is correct. Three capacitors 2 µF.

C) does not change.3 µF 104.3 µC C) 20.7 µC B) 13.0 µC E) 6. each 2. What is the capacitance of this device? (The permittivity of free space ε 0 = 8. It is then connected to a second uncharged capacitor C2 = 2.67 µC 103. A capacitor. A capacitor is made with two strips of metal foil. When you insert a piece of paper (κ = 3. B) decreases.0 µF E) 7.5 µF.16 µF C) 0.5 cm wide by 50 cm long.0 µF. Page  35  of  40   .85 × 10–12 F/m. The capacitor is rolled up to save space.58 µF D) 2.7) sandwiched between them. C1 = 5.0 µC D) 40. decrease.7) into the air between the plates of a capacitor. with a 0. E) does none of these. is charged up to 8 V. D) could increase.102.70-µm thick strip of paper (κ = 3. The charge on C1 after the system has come to equilibrium is A) 26.) A) 43 nF B) 0. or not change depending on the dielectric constant of the paper. the capacitance A) increases.

E) both the capacitance and the charge change.14 mF E) 4. D) both the capacitance and the voltage change. If mica (κ = 5. C) A will have the larger charge. Two identical capacitors A and B are connected across a battery. 106. The capacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor is 24 µF when the plates are separated by a material of dielectric constant 2. as shown.4) is inserted in B. B) only the voltage across the capacitor changes. A) both capacitors will retain the same charge. E) the potential difference across A will increase. leaving air between the plates. If this material is removed. the capacitance is A) unchanged B) 16 µF C) 36 µF D) 0. B) B will have the larger charge. and the separation between the plates is tripled. D) the potential difference across B will increase. When a dielectric is inserted between the plates of the capacitor. C) only the charge on the capacitor changes. A capacitor is connected to a battery as shown. Page  36  of  40   .105. A) only the capacitance changes.0.0 µF 107.

2 mC D) 1.2).80 mC C) 1.36 nJ/m E) 2. If a dielectric with κ = 3 is inserted between the plates of one of the capacitors. Two parallel plate air capacitors. The charge on each capacitor is A) 0. A) 9X B) 3X/4 C) 3X D) 16X E) none of the above 109.12 nJ/m B) 22. each of capacitance X F are in series with a battery of 12-V.9 nJ/m D) 5. A potential difference of 20 V is maintained between the wire and the shield.0-µF capacitor and a 2.5 nJ/m C) 44.6 mC Page  37  of  40   . The space between the inner wire of radius a = 1 mm of a co-axial cable and the conducting shield of radius b = 8 mm is made of nylon (κ = 4.0-µF capacitor are connected in series across a 1200-V source.68 nJ/m 110.8 mC E) 3. The energy stored per meter of the cable is A) 1.40 mC B) 0. A 1.108. then calculate the change in electrical charge (in Coulombs) that occurs on one of its plates.

B 20. A 22. A 15. B 36. C 26. A 6. A 42. D 43. D 38. E 40. B 37. D 19. A 41. C 8. A 30.practice questions for chapters 21-24 1. C 2. D 10. B 28. C 25. A 18. E 27. B 17. A 12. B 14. D 32. D 21. A 4. A 24. D 34.Answer Key . B 3. A 16. B Page  38  of  40   . A 33. A 11. B 5. C 7. D 35. C 39. C 9. A 13. D 23. B 29. B 44. C 31.

C 88. A 56. A 46. E 50. A 78. C 64. A Page  39  of  40   . C 68. E 67. B 63. E 52. A 55. A 70. A 87. C 47. A 73. E 62. B 60. C 79. E 54. D 81. C 57. B 66. B 48. B 77. C 84. E 58. D 76. C 90. D 53. E 85. A 80. A 74. E 51. D 61. E 71. D 69. E 59. A 82. A 65. C 75. B 83. C 49. A 86.45. A 89. C 72.

B 110. E 106. D 93. D 96. B 108. D 100. B 102. A 99. C 104. C 92. A 105.91. C 109. B Page  40  of  40   . E 107. E 101. B 98. A 103. C 95. B 94. B 97.