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Khapra Beetle

Khapra Beetle

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Published by: draculavanhelsing on May 28, 2011
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05/25/2014

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Factsheet 22/2000 : Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium An exotic threat to Western Australia

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Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium An exotic threat to Western Australia
Factsheet 22/2000
By Greg Shea, John Botha and Robert Emery, GrainGuard TM Initiative AGWEST

Background
Khapra beetle is one of the most serious pests of stored grain products, especially when stored under hot, dry conditions. It is a very persistent pest of storage structures, packaging and transport vehicles, and is a regulated quarantine pest in many countries.

Distribution
Khapra beetle is a native to the Orient, but has become established in a number of Asian, Middle East and African countries, as well as some European countries. These include Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Holland, Portugal, and Algeria, Cyprus and Israel. It is also present in the Philippines and Russia. In Venezuela and Uruguay it is considered to be endemic. Khapra beetle is typically a pest of hot, dry climates or of commodities stored in hot dry conditions.

Factsheet 22/2000 : Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium An exotic threat to Western Australia

Given the localities around the world where it has established, it is likely that Khapra would also get a foothold in Western Australia if quarantine violations occur.

Potential impact
Khapra beetle is considered to be one of the most serious pests of grain in the world. It may cause losses to stored grain of 5 to 30 percent and losses have been known to reach as high as 70 percent. Current phosphine treatments used to control grain pests may not be effective against some of the resistant Khapra beetle strains. International grain markets are becoming more discerning and it is essential that we adapt to these changing markets, especially given that 90% of our annual harvest is exported. Customers continue to demand grain that is completely free of grain insects.

Hosts
Lucerne, almond, barley, bean, corn/maize, chickpea, cowpea, dried fruit peanuts, oats, pecans, rice, walnuts, wheat as well as miscellaneous foodstuffs such as powdered milk, dried blood along with their packaging.

Symptoms, detection and eradication
The larvae and their cast skins are the most conspicuous feature of a Khapra beetle infestation. As with the Warehouse beetle, Khapra beetles are brown-black oval shaped and 2-3 mm in length. Khapra and Warehouse beetles are very similar, and can only be distinguished from one another by a specialist.

Factsheet 22/2000 : Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium An exotic threat to Western Australia

Important information
If an infestation is found, properties should be placed under immediate quarantine and eradication undertaken as soon as possible. Since Khapra beetle does not fly, and the climate in WA is far from ideal for optimum development, it is foreseen that an eradication campaign would have a greater chance of success than eradication of Warehouse beetle. Ultimately, the decision to eradicate has to be made after adequate surveillance has identified the full extent of the infestation. Report suspect sightings 9368 3333. For more information visit our web site For more information visit our web site www.agric.wa.gov.au
Disclaimer: This resource is provided voluntarily as a public service and the information and advice provided is made available in good faith. Nevertheless, the reliability and accuracy of the information and advice provided cannot be guaranteed and the State of Western Australia, the Chief Executive Officer of the Department of Agriculture, the Agriculture Protection Board and their employees and agents, together with any authors and contributors, expressly disclaim liability for any act or omission done in reliance on the information or advice provided or for any consequences, whether direct or indirect, of any such act or omission. Further, the information and advice is provided solely on the basis that readers will be responsible for making their own assessment of the matters discussed herein and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information. This file: fs02200.pdf Date converted: 14 March 2001 © Copyright Chief Executive Officer, Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, 2000

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