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2009 Renewable Energy Development for Austria Conference

2009 Renewable Energy Development for Austria Conference

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Renewable Energy Development in Cambodia

Institute of Technology of Cambodia

1

BACKGROUND
• • • • • • • • •

Cambodia, situated in Southeast Asia, shares borders with Vietnam, Laos and Thailand. Land area : 181 035 sq. km Population: 13.3 million (83% in rural areas) GDP: US$280 per capita Electrification rate : 17% (urban~54% and rural~13%) Energy consumption: 55 kWh per capita Electricity cost, ranging from about US$ 0.14/kWh in EDC’s grid ,to US$ 0.30 – US$ 0.92 per kWh in rural areas served by REE Generation in 2007 : 200 MW and 1,071 GWh Projection in 2020 : 3,502 MW and 18,597 GWh Main generation source: Diesel Oil & Heavy Fuel Oil High potential of hydro source : more than 10,000 MW

POTENTIAL RENEWABLES RESOURCES Solar Energy: the average sunshine duration of 6-9 hours per day, giving an average of 5kWh/day. thus, considerable potential of solar energy. Total installed capacity is around 3,000 kWp. Wind Energy: The southern part of the great lake Tonle Sap, the mountainous districts in the southwest and the coastal regions, such as Sihanoukville, Kampot,Kep and Koh Kong have the annual average wind speed of 5m/s or greater. The total area around 5%. Hydro: The potentiality (10.000MW, but current contribution to electricity production less than 20MW ).
3

Pro….000 ha. Mulberry. Palm Oil – 4..POTENTIAL ENERGY RESOURCES (Con’t) Biomass: The report prepared by NEDO on “the Assistance Project for the Establishment of an Energy Master Plan” identified significant biomass energy resources from a variety of agricultural residues such as rice husk. Cassia.000 ha (recently) and can be 10. Cassava. social and environment benefits for poor rural households. Coconut. Biogas: The effectiveness of small scale biogas has been demonstrated in Cambodia by a number of different projects. SEM.. Biofuel: Jatropha – 200 ha (Fencing). Luscenia. 4 . 000 ha and sugar cane 20. health. The use of animal wastes to generate high quality gas for cooking has significant economic.

Solar radiation volume map (Cambodia) 5 .

6 .

Grass and Shrub Lands (ha/hh) for Biomass and Biofuel 7 .

Potential of Small Hydropower 8 .

9 .

Micro and Medium hydro Power Plant 10 .

Pico-hydro power plant 11 .

Popularization of Biomass Power 12 .

Luciana Plant for Biomass Gasification in Rokar Ar. Kompong Cham Province 13 .

PV-Research Cooperation Project (MIME-NEDO) 14 .

Solar system at School 15 .

Solar System at Health Center 16 .

Solar Home System in Rural Household 17 .

Biofuel experiment 18 .

19 .

ADAPTIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM 20 .

Renewable Energy (Solar. Grid expansion from the existing 2. etc…) 21 . • Main components of the Rural Electrification Strategy: 1. Wind. Vietnam and Lao PDR) 4. Mini-Utility Systems 3. and the year 2030 -70% of all rural H’Holds will have access grid quality electricity. Biogas. Biomass.RURAL ELECTRIFICATION STRATEGY COMPONENTS • Goals: by 2020. all villages will have access to electricity of different forms. Diesel stand-alone. Mini-micro hydro. Bio-fuel. Cross-border Power Supply from neighboring countries (Thailand.

22 . • PURPOSES -Study of policies to promote electrification in those areas not yet serviced -Introduction and development of Renewable Energy Technologies -Study of institution and organization for sustainable operation and maintenance supported by the appropriate business model. • TARGET To achieve 100% Electrification of Rural Villages by the year 2020.MASTER PLAN STUDY ON RURAL ELECTRIFICATION BY RENEWABLE ENERGY BY JICA. including the financial procurement plan. JAPAN • GOAL To improve the current level of electrification and for the poverty reduction as well as enhancing education and medical treatment in the rural areas.

Improve living standard .Foster rural economic development Effects of RE Targets of Rural Electrification Sector (1) 100% village electrification by 2020 (2) 70% household electrification with grid-quality electricity by 2030 23 .Framework Goals and Targets Goal .Reduce poverty level .

(locally wind) BCS 24 .Levels of Rural Electrification Three levels of electrification Level 3: National Grid (grid electrification) 2: Mini-grids off-grid areas 1: Battery lighting Use of renewable energy Mini-grids: biomass and micro hydro BCS: solar.

Candidate Energy Sources by Village 25 .

THE PROJECT INCENTIVE Type Grant proposed.5 MW up to 5 MW Micro hydro From 50 kW up to 500 kW Solar Home System 150 $ 1744$/kW installed 2700$/kW installed 400$/set of 40 Wp 26 . US$ per household connected 45 $ 400$/kW installed 400$/kW installed 100$/set Estimated total cost/unit in US$ New household connected (diesel) Mini hydro from 0.

000 households awaiting RE by 2020 • In Cambodia.731 272.000 872.) 467 540 490 Financing Sources Subsidy 70 54 124 Equity 42 21 63 Loan 168 72 240 272.320 11.411 600.000 280 Grid electrification Off. of hh to be Total Nos.Needs to RE (JICA) (Unit: $ million) Nos.grid electrification Total 5.000 147 427 Per hh Costs ($/h. 880. of newly electrified Type of Electrification Costs Villages by 2020 6.h.000 hh using battery • These have ability to pay for mini-grids ($3-5 per hh per month) • 27 .

0% 80.0% 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020 28 Short-term Policy Measures SP1 to SP3 Mid-term Policy Measures MP1 to MP3 Electrification Strategies ES1 to ES3 Level.0% 10.0% 90.0% Soar BCS & SHS 40.0% 30.0% 70.0% 50.0% 20.up Plan of Village Electrification Ratio (including Battery Lighting) Diesel Mini-Grid Biomass Mini-Grid Micro Hydro Mini-Grid Grid Electrification .Village Electrification Plan 100.0% 0.0% 60.

Household Electrification Plan 70.up Plan of House hold Ele ctrification Ratio with Grid Quality 50.0% Le ve l.0% 47% 40.0% Diesel Mini-Grid Biomass Mini-Grid 20.0% 70% 60.0% Micro Hydro Mini-Grid Grid Electrification 10.0% 0.0% Electrification Strategies ES1 to ES3 Short-term Policy Measures SP1 to SP3 Mid-term Policy Measures MP1 to MP3 30.0% 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020 2030 29 .

Strategy for Promoting RE Electrification Strategy (ES) ES1 Formulation of National Electrification Program ES2 Grid electrification with government initiative and Off-grid electrification with private sector initiative ES3 Establishment of implementation and supporting system ES4 Financial arrangements for subsidy and soft loans ES5 Supports to CEC/REE 30 .

solar BCS) 31 .Short-term Policy Measures Short-term Policy Measures (SP) (2006-2008) SP1 Financial arrangements SP1-1 Creation of tax exemption system on imports of renewable energy equipment SP1-2 Creation of cross-subsidy system SP2 Preparation for establishing non-profit SPC SP2-1 Improvement of access to soft loans SP2-2 Establishment of supporting system to CEC SP3 Implementation of pilot projects (micro hydro. biomass.

Thank for your kind attention ! 32 .

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