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European Space Agency

European Mars Science and Exploration Conference: Mars Express & ExoMars
ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 12 - 16 November, 2007


CLOUDS FROM SPICAM. Frank Daerden1, Nina Mateshvili1, Ayodeji Akingunola2 John C McConnell2,
Jacek W. Kaminski21Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, BIRA-IASB, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels,
Belgium 2Centre for Earth and Space Science, York University, Toronto, Canada, M3J 1P3.

The Global Multiscale Mars Model (GM3) results indicate that GM3 performs quite well for
(Moudden and McConnell, 2005), which is based on much of the time as measured against SPICAM.
the Canadian operational weather forecast model
has an improved simulation of the water cycle on References:
Mars compared to earlier GM3 work (Moudden and Moudden, Y. and J. C. McConnell, Three-dimensional on-
McConnell, 2007). This includes phase transitions line chemical modeling in a Mars general circulation
between water vapour and bulk ice particles, eddy model, Icarus, 188, 18–34, 2007. Moudden, Y., and J. C.
McConnell, 2005, A new model for multiscale modelling
and molecular diffusion, gravitational sedimentation
of the Martian atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res. (Planets),
and transport between the polar caps, regolith and 110, E04001, doi:10.1029/2004JE002354.
atmosphere. One year of nadir UV (200-310 nm) Moudden, Y., and J. C. McConnell, 2005, A new model
measurements from SPICAM have been used to for multiscale modelling of the Martian atmosphere, J.
retrieve cloud and dust optical thickness after Geophys. Res. (Planets), 110, E04001, doi:10.1029/
allowing for Rayleigh and aerosol scattering and 2004JE002354.
surface scattering. For the comparison with GM3 we
focus on the tropical cloud belt (Ls 90-150). The

Figure 1. log optical depth of ice from GM3, (b) SPICAM optical depth for similar conditions as GM3