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EaIgaNaptI EaIgaNaptI EaIgaNaptI EaIgaNaptI
Shri Ganapati Atharvashirsha
! gaM gaNaptyao nama: ! gaM gaNaptyao nama: ! gaM gaNaptyao nama: ! gaM gaNaptyao nama:
Salutation to Shri Gajanana
SHRI GANAPATI ATHARVASHIRSHA
© 2011 Anil Sohoni
All rights are reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in
any form or by any means, mechanical, photocopying,
recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of
the author Anil Sohoni.
FOREWORD ...................................................................... 6
GRATITUDE .................................................................... 14
JUST A MINUTE … .......................................................... 15
ATHARVASHIRSHA – SCRIPT.......................................... 23
ATHARVASHIRSHA - DATING ......................................... 25
HARI OM NAMASTE GANAPATAYE .................................. 26
TWAMEVA KEVALAM KARTASI........................................ 29
RUTAM VACHAMI SATYAM VACHMI ............................... 31
AVA TWAM MAM............................................................. 32
AVA VAKTARAM.............................................................. 33
AVA PASHHATTAT AVA PURASTTAT............................... 35
TWAM BHUMIRAPONALO................................................ 42
TWAM CHATWARI WAK PADANI..................................... 44
TWAM GUNATRAYATITAHA ............................................ 46
TWAM AVASTHA TRAYATITAHA...................................... 50
TWAM DEHATRAYATITAHA............................................. 51
TWAM MULADHARASTHITOSI NITYAM........................... 53
GAKARAH PURVAROOPAM.............................................. 56
FORMATION OF A-KAR AND OM-KAR.............................. 58
TO SUMMARIZE .............................................................. 61
SAISHA GANESHVIDHYA GANAKRISHI......................... 63
EKADANTAYA VIDMAHE ................................................. 64
EKADANTAM CHATURHASTAM........................................ 65
NAMO VRATAPATAYE NAMO........................................... 66
BIOGRAPHY OF SADGURU SW. CHINMAYANAND....................................... 69
BIO DATA OF TAOSHOBUDDHA....................................................................... 71
PILLARS OF HINDUISM..................................................................................... 73
FLOWERS AND LEAVES USED IN GANESH PUJA.......................................... 75
We worship the unborn, unchanging, formless, the one
beyond bliss and full of bliss, which is the fullness of
non-duality, the supreme, devoid of qualities, without
differences, and beyond desire, Sri Ganesha, the
Supreme Brahman personified.
We worship the one beyond the gunas, the embodiment
of bliss consciousness, the light of consciousness, the all-
pervading, who is the source, course, and goal of
knowledge, whom the sages meditate upon, who is
formless as akasha, the highest Lord, Sri Ganesha, the
Supreme Brahman personified.
We worship ‘Him’ who is the cause of the universe, the
source of knowledge, the origin of the Devas, the source
of happiness, the Lord of the gunas, Sri Ganesha, who
pervades the universe and is worshipped by all, the Lord
of the Gods, Sri Ganesha, the Supreme Brahman
Ganesha is the foremost Hindu Deity worshipped at
the beginning of each prayer. In fact no prayer can
begin without invoking Ganesha first.
The word Ganesha is of Sanskrit origin, that is obtained
by joining two words ‘gana’ meaning a group,
multitude, or categorical system and ‘isha’ meaning
lord or master.
The word gana when associated with Ganesha refers
to the ganas, a troop of semi-divine beings that form
part of the retinue of Shiva. The term more generally
means a category, class, community, association, or
corporation. The name Ganesha signifies ‘Lord of the
Ganas’ to mean ‘Lord of Hosts’ or ‘Lord of created
categories’, such as the elements.
Ganapati is a synonym for Ganesha, that comes from
two words gana, meaning ‘group’, and pati, meaning
‘ruler’ or ‘lord’. The Amarakosha, an early Sanskrit
lexicon, lists eight synonyms of Ganesha:
1. Vinayaka – God of knowledge and learning
2. Vighnaraja - equivalent to Vignesha, destroyer
3. Dvaimatura - one who has two mothers,
4. Ganadhipa - equivalent to Ganapati and
5. Ekadanta - one who has one tusk, ruler of ‘Maya’
6. Heramba – exhibiting self importance
7. Lambodara - one who has a pot belly or has a
8. Gajanana - having the face of an elephant
Vinayaka is a common name for Ganesha that appears
in the Puranas and in Buddhist Tantras. This name is
reflected in the naming of the eight famous Ganesha
temples in Maharashtra known as the Ashtavinayak.
The names Vignesha and Vigneshvara, (Lord of
Obstacles) refer to his primary function in Hindu
mythology as the master and remover of obstacles
A prominent name for Ganesha in the Tamil language is
Pille or Pillaiyar (Little Child). A. K. Narain
differentiates these terms by saying that pille means a
‘child’ while pillaiyar means a ‘noble child’. He adds that
the words pallu, pella, and pell in the Dravidian family
of languages signify ‘tooth or tusk of an elephant’, but
more generally ‘elephant’. Anita Raina Thapan notes that
the root word pille in the name Pillaiyar might have
originally meant ‘the young of the elephant’, because the
Pali word pillaka means ‘a young elephant.
Ganesha has the head of an elephant and a big belly.
This form has four arms, which is common in depictions
of Ganesha. He holds his own broken tusk in his lower-
right hand and holds a delicacy, which He samples with
his trunk, in his lower-left hand. The motif of Ganesha
turning his trunk sharply to his left to taste a sweet in
his lower-left hand is a particularly archaic feature. A
more primitive statue in one of the Ellora Caves with this
general form has been dated to the 7
of the other hands are difficult to make out on the statue
In the standard configuration, Ganesha typically holds
an axe or a goad in one upper arm and a noose in the
other upper arm.
The influence of this old constellation of iconographic
elements can still be seen in contemporary
representations of Ganesha. In one modern form, the
only variation from these old elements is that the lower-
right hand does not hold the broken tusk but rather is
turned toward the viewer in a gesture of protection or
fearlessness (abhaya mudra). The same combination of
four arms and attributes occurs in statues of Ganesha
dancing, which is a very popular theme.
Although He is known by many other attributes,
Ganesha’s elephant head makes ‘Him’ easy to identify.
Ganesha is widely revered as the Remover of Obstacles
and more generally as Lord of Beginnings and Lord of
Obstacles Vighnesha, Vighneshvara patron of arts and
sciences, and the deva of intellect and wisdom. He is
honored at the beginning of rituals and ceremonies and
invoked as Patron of Letters during writing sessions.
The Ganesha Upanishad is one of the central texts of
the Ganapatya Sampradaya, the groups of devotees
for whom Ganesha was the central divinity, who are
thought to have become established in India from the 6
Century onwards. There are thought to have been at
least six groups of Ganapatyas, including one Tantric
grouping, although relatively little is known about them.
The Ganesha Upanishad belongs to the class of Hindu
Vedic texts that are considered to be revelatory - Sruti
– ‘that which is heard’, and in some quarters, are held to
be without 'origin'. It is a manifestation of a particular
'Truth'. It should be noted that the Ganesha
Upanishad, like other Upanishads, is not merely to
be studied as a written text, but to be spoken. It
functions both as instructive scripture, and also as a
performative liturgy. And the act of speaking the
Upanishad becomes a revelatory experience. It is
important to note that in the Tantric traditions, written
texts have only a secondary importance in relation to
their oral utterance and interpretation.
The aim of the following commentary is to shed some
light on certain verses in this Upanishad. Ultimately, it
is for each devotee to meditate on the Sutras of the
Upanishad as revealed through experience. This is
merely a beginning.
1. Om Lam I bow to Ganesha
‘Om’ (AUM) is the primordial sound of creation that
signifies the absolute. This is uncreated sound that was
in the beginning and will remain at the end of creation as
well. It means ‘I accept’, or ‘I assent’. All devotional
acts begin with the chanting of ‘Om’. Om serves to focus
the attention of the Divine towards the devotee, and the
attention of the devotee towards the divine. Significantly
Ganesha is the personification of the primal Om.
‘Lam’ is the seed-mantra of the Muladhara Chakra, of
which Ganesha is the gatekeeper or Deva.
You are clearly the Tattva. You alone are the Creator.
You alone are the Maintainer. You alone are the
Destroyer. Of all this, you are certainly the Brahma. You
are the essence.
Ganesha is praised as the Tattva. This word can be
translated as ‘principle’ - so Ganesha could here, be
identified as the ‘Eternal Principle’ underlying reality.
Further, Ganesha is identified as the personification of
Trimurti - the Creator (Brahma), the Sustainer
(Vishnu), and the destroyer (Shiva).
As Brahma, He continually creates. As Vishnu He
holds, those creations in equilibrium; as Shiva He
breaks down those combinations of matter. Furthermore,
Ganesha is identified as the Absolute (Brahma), and
the eternal indwelling ‘essence’ - the Atman (Self).
2. Always I speak Amrita. The Truth I speak.
The speaker asserts that He speaks ‘Truth’ which to him
is experiential and revelatory - spoken from his heart,
rather than just parroting or reciting lines. Further,
‘Amrita’ means ‘imperishable’ - i.e. that this is an
Protect me. Protect the speakers. Protect the hearers.
Protect the givers. Protect the holders. Protect the
disciple that repeats. Protect that in the East. Protect
that in the South. Protect that in the West. Protect that
in the North. Protect that above. Protect that below.
Everywhere protect. Protect me everywhere!
You are Speech. You are Consciousness. You are Bliss.
You are Brahma. You are Being-Consciousness-Bliss.
You are the Non-Dual. You are plainly Brahma. You are
Knowledge. You are Intelligence.
Ganesha symbolizes three aspects of existence.
Being (Sat); Consciousness (Chit); Bliss (Anand) or
Reality-Consciousness-Experience denotes the Supreme
Power. Ganesha is further identified as the ‘Non-Dual’ -
Brahma dwells within ‘Him’. Here is an indication that
Ganesha can lead his devotee towards that experience
of bliss which is realization of one’s inner divinity.
Dissolving the difference between devotee and deity is
the object of puja. You create this world. You maintain
this world. This entire world is seen in you. You are
Earth, water, Fire, Air, and ether. You are beyond the
four measures of speech. You are beyond the Three
Gunas. You are beyond the three bodies. You are
beyond the three times.
Here, Ganesha is also identified as both finite and
infinite: as the five elements; as the embodiment of the
four stages of speech (para, pasyanti, madhyama,
vaikhari); as the three Gunas (Rajas, Sattva and
Tamas); as the three bodies (physical, subtle,
causal); as the three times (past, present, future).
Moreover, Ganesha is beyond these finite forms.
The consciousness of man always remains situated in the
Muladhara. Ganesha is identified as the Deva of the
Muladhara Chakra - the ‘root-support’ of all beings.
Equally, the elephant is the ‘vehicle’ associated with
Just a few days ago Anil Ji mailed me to look into this
script and also requested a foreword. It is always joy to
overflow the scriptures bringing deeper insights from the
eternal scripture. And secondly when someone like Anil
ji requests it becomes a double oblation because of my
love for him, Swami Chinmayanand ji, Swami
Tejomayanand, and the entire Sandipini Sadhyanala
for the work they are doing and also because of my work
in the process of transformation of human
When he spoke to me I was in the process of finishing
Life - Mystical Insights and I decided to undertake
this project as the next one. In preparing the foreword I
have taken a few chapters from Om Ganeshyah
Namah, and Life–the Mystical Insights both books
are available on Internet in print and digital form
Anil ji is sincere seeker with a deep understanding
and a deep voice as well that can chant the
Sanskrit Sutras with correct pronunciation,
intonation, and deepest feeling that take the
listener into a state of bliss and at the same time
connect to the inner being. These videos are
available on Anil Sohoni’s channel and also
Taoshobuddha 9 Channel on You Tube .Com the
following is the link:
The efforts of Anil ji are indeed commendable in
overflowing this text. Not only he has translated
but put the message in a palpable along with
Now the text is in your hand drink this nectar to
your heart’s content and the rest will happen on its
own. Do not consider this as another text. This is
the blessing of a Guru to his sincere disciple. Also
it is the grace of the ‘Gajanana’, the unknown and
unknowable reflecting through each syllable.
May you grow in awareness for transcendence to
• I express my deepest gratitude towards my mother
and father who brought me up and made me capable
of developing faith unto ‘Shri Gajanana’.
• With the same intensity and priority, I owe my
‘Sadguru’, H.H. Swami Chinmayanand ji who
kindled my life.
• I express my gratitude towards the present head of
Chinmaya Mission, ‘Swami Tejomayanand ji,
whom we call ‘Poojya Gurujee’ with love.
• I owe saints of all religions and scholars of all school
of thoughts who inspired me to lead a spiritual life.
• I must mention my sincere thanks to
‘Taoshobuddha’, from West Indies for writing
• I am thankful to ‘Swami Anand Neelamber’, who
helped me to edit and format the book.
• Finally, yet importantly, I express my gratitude
towards, ‘Lord Gajanana’ who dwells in the heart of
all things and beings.
Just a Minute …
In many parts of the world especially in eastern globe
‘Shri Gajanana’ is worshipped popularly. In India right
from olden days, ‘Shri Gajanana’, is worshipped.
Before starting daily ritual the first ‘God’, worshipped is
always ‘Shri Gajajnana’. In all holy events ‘His’, place
is at the top. In Indian culture this deity is so much
mingled that even in marriage ceremony, thread
ceremony, home warming and many other auspicious
ceremonies like opening ceremony of a shop or
workshop, this God is worshipped at first. If ‘He’ is
remembered before staring any work, even before
starting war, one gets success, so is the faith.
May be because of well upbringing by my parents, may
be due to my good deeds in past or may be due to
grace of my Sadguru, Swami Chinmayanand ji, I
started worshiping Gajanana with ‘Abhishek’, (pouring
water on ‘Him’, and chanting Athatvashirsha) daily for
twenty one times. Days passed, I realized that mere
action could not quench my thirst. I must study and
contemplate upon ‘Atharvashirsha’.
Our Sadguru ‘Swami Chinmayananad ji’, taught us
Vedas, Upanishadas and other vaidic text books for
last thirty years. So I decided to write critique on
I humbly mention that whatever I have written, nothing
belongs to me. All is the collection of thoughts from
sacred books like Upanishadas, Bhagwat Geeta,
Dnyaneshwari, teaching of Swami Chinmayanand ji
and many other saints and scholars. What all I did is
that I have collected beautiful flowers of thoughts from
various places and made bouquet and offered you.
This writing initially I did in my mother tongue ‘Marathi’
and published on www.scribd.com . To my surprise
the book is read by twelve thousand readers so far, up
to June, 2011.
In Feb-2011, my Internet friend, Mr. Nimish Pancholi,
requested me to translate the work in English, so that it
will be useful globally. I know that my English is not
that good as I was a technical hand, still I tried my best
to do so. Kind reader will definitely excuse me for my
Your suggestions and corrections if any are invited.
You may kindly send E-mail to email@example.com
This is all what I want to say………………
H.H. Swami Chinmayanand ji,
Founder of Chinmaya Mission
H.H. Swami Chinmayanand ji
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I am offering flowers of my pure emotions
Unto the Lotus feet of my Sadguru
Who is all-pervading
Each and every living being is craving for happiness and
wants to get rid of misery. In this complex era of
computer age it is very difficult to keep our mind calm
and quiet. Human mind is enshrouded with fear. The
loss of name, fame, money and dear ones are major
concerns in today’s life.
Yes everybody lives! From unicellular amoeba to the
most advanced species like human beings, all live and
die. What is ‘Life’? What do you meant by ‘Living’? Is it
just to be born, to eat, to grow up, to loiter here there,
and to survive, to meet, to produce children, to bring
them up and die thereafter?
The material scientists enquired into the world of
objects and by close observation, intelligent and rational
analysis, deduced the laws of nature. No doubt, it was
the greatest achievement of human beings. The
material scientists made human life more comfortable.
The Rishis, the scientists of Religion, with the same
purpose of analysis and deduction, undertook subjective
enquiries into the personality of man and arrived at
philosophy and religion. The difference between the two
types of enquiry lay only in their respective fields.
Naturally, therefore, in the ‘Upanishads’, the
discussion was about Life and its meaning and purpose.
The term ‘Life’, is easier to understand through
analyzing and understanding its antonym, ‘Death.’ An
organism is said to be dead when it ceases to receive or
respond to external stimuli from external objects. In
other words, ‘Death’, is the state of total cessation of
Life therefore is defined as continuous series of
Why do you live? The spontaneous reaction to the
question is, ‘I live for happiness’. Obviously nobody
wants misery. Life is nothing but a series of
experiences. Our pilgrimage from womb to tomb is
incessantly motivated and propelled by two inevitable
impulses, namely, revulsion towards sorrow and craving
for joy. One avoids and discards disagreeable things and
un-conductive environments and continuously runs after
the agreeable and conductive. Though objects and
environments continuously change in the world, one is
engaged in an endless chase after happiness. The
methods may differ from man to man, but the goal is
common to all. It should, therefore, be interesting to
analyze and discover where exactly happiness is
Our firm belief today is that the joy we experience
through our senses lies in the respective objects of the
world. Consistent with this belief, we constantly engage
in acquiring, possessing and aggrandizing more and
more wealth. Alas! For wealth is no measure of the
quantum of one’s happiness. We are too familiar with
the striking contradiction in life between the millionaire
sitting and mourning in his palace and the ill clad
peasant roaring in ecstatic joy admits his poor
If joy is inherent in sense objects then each object
should provide the same quantum of joy that come in
contact with it that too always. It is not true. For
instance a cigarette gives joy to one and it drives
another mad. One piece of sweet gives happiness and
6th piece of the same sweet may result in vomiting.
Therefore, neither an object nor quantity can give
pleasure to all for all time. This leads us to the
fundamental question …. What is happiness?
On careful analysis we find that one’s happiness is
entirely a subjective phenomenon, for there seems to
be a distinct relationship between the state of mind and
the joy that is experienced. When the mind is agitated
sorrow is experienced and when it is tranquil, there is
joy. Happiness, therefore, is measured by the
tranquility of one’s own mind.
When there are desires, the mind is full of thoughts,
and agitation. At this stage one feels unhappy. When
desires are fulfilled, thoughts subside and the mind
becomes calm. At this stage he feels happy. Actually
happiness is one’s own nature, but this happiness is
shrouded by agitation. The fulfillment of desire just
causes the mind to become calm, and so one
rediscovers his former state of happiness.
Therefore, tranquility of mind is happiness
All people cannot reach to the state of tranquility of
mind. Almost all people become happy or unhappy
through fulfillment of desires. The texture of happiness
or misery depends up on quality of desire and the
quality of desire depends upon their type of faith.
Vedanta has classified faith in three groups …
Bhagwan Shri Krishna says in Gita,
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Gita Chapter XVII-2
Three-fold is the faith of the embodied, which is
inherent in their nature --- the Sattwic (pure), the
Rajasic (passionate) and the Tamasic (dull, dark).
The 'faith' (Shraddha) itself is of three kinds: the
divine, the un-divine, and the diabolic. Shraddha
determines the texture of our impressions (vasanas) in
us, which, in their turn, command our view-of-life. Our
desires, thoughts, and actions are charted by our view-
of-life. Naturally, an individual's physical activities,
psychological behaviors, and intellectual make-up are all
ordered by the type of Shraddha he has come to
maintain in himself. And, if the Shraddha is of the
wrong type, the entire expression of his personality, in
all walks of life and in every field of Endeavour, can only
be ugly. As his inner disposition, so will be the man. The
more an individual identifies himself with his physical
sheath, the more crystallized becomes his ego, under
the influence of his inner disposition. The temperaments
that rule the behaviors of the human are three in
number, the 'Good' (Sattwic), the 'Passionate'
(Rajasic) and the 'Dull' (Tamasic).
The faith of each individual is in accordance with his
nature. Man consists of his faith; as a man's faith is, so
is he. The Sattwic, or "pure" men, worship the Gods
(Devas); the Rajasic or the "passionate,” the Yakshas
and the Rakshasas; the others --- Tamasic people, or
the "dark or dull" folk, worship the ghosts (Pretas) and
the hosts of Bhutas, or the nature/spirits.
So it is necessary to switch over from ‘Tamasic to
Rajasic and ultimately to Satwic faith because only
Satwic faith help us to gain knowledge and ultimately
Lord Gajanana is ‘Satwik’, God who nourishes pure
happiness and He is God of pure knowledge too.
Ganapati Atharvashirsha is not only a prayer or a
praise of God but it is an Upanishad the ultimate
source of the knowledge.
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I can’t speak on my own ability. The God ‘Pandurang’,
is my kind friend, whose speech is coming out of my
mouth. A sparrow sings in a sweet voice but singer is
somebody else. I’m so insignificant, that I don’t, even
dare to think of speaking about scripture. Still Lord of
Universe makes me talk. He is legless but runs this
whole universe. Nobody ever knows His greatness. So
says ‘Saint Tukaram’ ……
Saint Tukaram was more truthful than modest to say
that he can’t talk about sacred scriptures. Even all four
Vedas confess that they cannot explain what the God is.
They tried their best to explain and ultimately said -(i- -(i- -(i- -(i-
-(i- -(i- -(i- -(i- … … … … -( :i- - -( :i- - -( :i- - -( :i- -( :i- ( :i- ( :i- ( :i- means, we tried to explain best of our
ability but it is not like that.
I’m extremely insignificant person in comparison with
Saint Tukaram, really know nothing.
Still let me start contemplating on this wonderful
‘Stotra’, as my personal Sadhana i.e. offering service
to Lord Gajanana, with remembering and saluting my
Sadguru Swami Chinmayananad ji.
Atharvashirsha – Script
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Note: The script is with practical pronunciations.
e.g ·(·: ·(·: ·(·: ·(·: ‘vardah’ to be pronounced as ·(·:( ·(·:( ·(·:( ·(·:( ‘vardau’
Atharvashirsha - Dating
Ganapati Atharvashirsha was written by Atharva
Rishi, who is said to have had Ganpati Darshan. It is
a late Upanishad, which celebrates Ganesha as the
embodiment of the entire Brahman, or the universe.
There is some dispute regarding the dating of the text.
Courtright reviews various views and concludes that it
was probably composed during the sixteenth or
seventeenth centuries A.D. It was mentioned by Shri
Upanishaad Brahma Yogin in his commentary on 108
Upanishads in 1751.
Ghurye notes its emergence in
the early nineteenth century, corresponding to the rise
of the Ganapati worship in Maharashtra among
Brahmins centered in Pune.
Internally the text asserts that it traces its own lineage
to the Athatva Veda in a passage that Swami
Chinmayananand translates as "Thus says
Atharvana" (इ×यथव[ णवाÈयम् ityatharṇaavakyam).
Court right translates the verse as "This text was told by
the Atharvan sage.
‘Swami Chinmayanand’ comments on this claim of
lineage saying that "it may or may not be so", noting
that such an attribution of authorship is not found in the
body of many of the Upanishads.
Hari OM Namaste Ganapataye
Twameva Pratyksham Tatvamasi
Oh, Gajanana, I salute you by addressing you as ‘Hari
Om Namaste’. You are the ultimate truth.
Hari OM Namaste Ganapataye
According to ‘Vaidic Dharma’, at beginning of any
prose or poem normally ‘OM’, syllable is attached. It is
believed that vibrations created by ‘OM’, purifies
When we wish to establish dialogue with somebody
generally we address with words, Hello Brother, Sister,
Gentleman, Madam or Sir Etc. Such etiquette and
manners are observed in any cultured society. Even in
day to day life we address elderly people with respect
by calling him or her as Sir, Madam.
The Lord ‘Ganesha’, is ultimate principle which
enshrouds all universes. Hence it is appropriate to
address ‘Him’, as ‘OM’, or ‘Hari OM’. By saluting ‘Him’
in such a way we are submitting us unto ‘Him’. We are
expressing our respect to ‘Him’, and try to say that Oh,
Lord, you are just great; I accept your supremacy and
request you to look after me. This is the total
submission unto ‘Him’.
Verbal meaning of ‘Ganapati’, is Master of ‘Ganas’.
Ganas are followers of Lord Shiva and Gajanana. Let
us try to reflect on this in different way.
In Sanskrit the meaning of the root verb ‘Gan’ is ‘to
count’. ‘Ganya’, means that all which is countable.
Whatever we can count falls under realm of relativity.
All things and beings, phenomenal world of names and
forms is abided by frame work of mass, energy, space,
The Lord Gajanana rules over all countable things and
beings of this phenomenal world. ‘Pati’ means master
or ruler or a care taker. Gajanana is the ruler, the
master and the care taker of all manifested universe;
but The Lord himself is beyond this world of relativity.
He cannot be counted. Though ‘He’, is ‘Ganpati’,
master of countable world but He himself is ‘A-Ganya,
means, countless or can’t be counted.
Another meaning of ‘Gan’ is, ‘a category’. So He is the
Lord of categories, the Lord of things and beings; but
He can’t be categorized as He is not matter, He is the
In the very first ‘Mantra’ of Atharvarvashirsha’, the
great ‘Ganak Rishi’, the composer of this wonderful
stotra tries to tell us, though we revere manifested
form of ‘Gajanana’, we must remember in mind that
‘He’ is the ‘Un-manifested’.
While praising ‘Him’, we should confess that Oh, Lord
you are un-manifested, the absolute, beyond this world
of name of forms. I cannot count you, measure you. I
cannot understand you. I cannot meditate on your real
nature so I am revering you in this manifested or deity
Another version of, “Hari OM Namaste Ganapataye”,
is “OM LAM Namaste Ganapataye”. This is called as
‘Path Bheda’ of original version.
‘Lam’ is the seed-mantra of the Muladhara Chakra,
of which Ganesha is the gatekeeper or Devata.
Twameva Pratyksham Tatvamasi
You are only the ultimate principle.
Atharvashirsha is not written just for praising the God
but as an ‘Upanishad’, the ultimate source of the
knowledge. Let us find out meaning of ‘Tatvamasi’.
Tat + Tvam + Asi = Tatvamasi
Tat = that; tvam = you; asi = is
It means ‘That you are’.
Tat: means ‘That’, which indicates total manifestation.
This includes all seen and unseen, phenomenal world of
things and beings. This is the universe of names and
forms which is bound by frame work of mass, energy;
space and time i.e. frame of relativity.
Rishi says loudly that Oh, Gajanana, all manifested
word of relativity is you, yourself. So ‘Sadhak’, is
supposed to bear in mind that he is not body, mind and
intellect. He is the supreme principle which is the
Absolute, the Gajanana.
We can easily love our own nature. Rather we can love
only ourselves. Gajanana is our substratum. Rather I
am not body but the Gajanana principle. Once this
concept is accepted, one can easily start loving Lord
Gajanana and will develop faith unto Him.
Twameva Kevalam Kartasi
Twameva Kevalam Dhartasi
Twameva Kevalam Hartasi
Twameva Sarvam Khalvidam
Twam Sakashadatamasi Nityam
You are only the creator of the world. You are only the
protector of the world. You are only the destroyer of the
world. You are the ultimate supreme principle. You are
the soul which is present in each and every living being.
Twameva Kevalam Kartasi
You are only the creator of this universe is normal
meaning of ‘Tvamev kevalam kartasi’. The Rishi has
already declared that Gajanana has created the world.
We have to take meaning of ‘Karta’ as ‘doer-ship’. We
think that I’m the doer or the subject. Actually
Gajanana is “I-ness” in us. But due to veiling power of
God, this ‘I’ does not know that he is the Gajanana. So
the Rishi says Oh, You small ‘I’, you are not doer but
Gajanana is the doer. You don’t exist. This is how one
has to go beyond the false I-ness.
Obviously Gajanana is support of the universe. This
support is not like pot is supported by table. Gajanana
is substratum. As a wall is built by bricks, the complete
world is built up by Gajanana Principle only.
By this time ‘Sadhaka’ may start thinking that
Gajanana is an alien living somewhere out side of our
world and ruling the universe. It is not like that.
Gajanana is the supreme principle which has
enshrouded complete universe. He is all-pervading
Tvam Ev Sarvan khalu Idam Braham asi
All this phenomenal world of names and forms is
nothing but Gajanana itself.
Let us try to learn basic principle stated by Vedanta or
findings of Vedanta.
We know that if anything is to be produced one needs,
1) Material: as Material cause
2) The maker: as Efficient cause
3) Instruments: as Instrumental cause.
For example in manufacturing of earth-pot, mud is the
material cause. The pot-maker is efficient cause and the
wheel is instrumental cause.
This universe is not created like pot or cloth. In creation
of the world, the God principle is the material cause,
efficient cause and instrumental cause too.
Vedanta says the world is a mere appearance on God
Principle, as a ghost on a post or a serpent on a rope. In
short the world is mere illusion. Rather world does not
Ultimately the Rishi establishes identity of Gajanana
principle and individual I-ness. The Rishi says I-ness
does not exist, but only Gajanana principle exists.
I-ness is an illusion or a notion.
Twam Sakashadatamasi Nityam: Gajanana is all
pervading so obviously ‘He’ is present in all things and
beings. He is the essence of all things and beings.
Rutam vachami Satyam vachmi
I am telling an appropriate truth (which varies according
to time, place and person) and the absolute truth.
The great sage Ganaka is speaking the appropriate and
universal (absolute) truth.
In Sanskrit ‘Rutam’ and ‘Santyam’ are two different
words with different meaning. Though they, apparently
look of same meaning but not so.
‘Rutam’ is that truth which varies according to time and
place. For example, to take bath every day is true, but
in chilling cold winter one need not. To speak truth is
correct, but not always, if it harms someone.
Where as ‘Satyam’ in Sanskrit, means that thing or a
statement, which never changes with time or place.
Sun is the shine is the truth for ever and at all places.
So the great sage ‘Ganaka’ says that now he will tell
something which may vary with time and place and
something which never change.
Hence forth whatever will be told about nature of
Gajanana is called as ‘Satyam’ and method of
worshiping Him is called as ‘Rutam’.
The Gajanana principle never changes, so it is
‘Satyam’; where as methods of worshipping Gajanana
may vary from time to time, man to man or place to
place, so it is ‘Rutam’.
Ava Twam Mam
Please, safeguard me, protect me from all evils.
In Sanskrit root verb ‘Ava’ has many meanings…
1) to protect
2) to make happy
3) to perceive
4) to understand
5) to like
6) to wish
‘Ganaka Rishi’ says Oh, Gajanana, please, protect me
from evils, confusions, ignorance and make me
understand that I’m not small powerless, separate
entity, but I’m all-pervading Gajanana principle itself.
In philosophical evolution first step is to blossom desire
in one’s mind to know the truth. In Sanskrit it is called
Ganak Sage make prayer ‘Prarthana’, to Ganesha,
please, develops desire in my mind to know you.
The word ‘Prarthana’ in Sanskrit means, Artham Prati
neeyate iti Prarthana’, which takes you to basic
understanding and to fulfill basic needs.
Vedanta has prescribed four ‘Arthas’ in life which
everybody has to achieve.
1) Dharma Artha: to live according to guidance of
2) Artha Artha: to prosper and earn money in
3) Kama Artha: to fulfill all righteous desires.
4) Mokhshya Artha: to evolve and to know truth or
God principle and ultimately to liberate.
In this ‘mantra’ Sage is praying mainly for ‘Dharma’
(Oh, Lord Ganesha) protect me. Protect the speaker,
protect the listener, protect the donor, protect the
sustainer and protect the learner and the teacher.
Now Sage says please, protect the speaker who is
narrating your principle. Obviously he is the ‘Guru’ who
is teaching to the students.
‘Guru Seva’ means service to ‘Guru’, is most important
for a student. Best service to ‘Guru’ is to follow his
The first step towards God is to gain knowledge from
the ‘Guru’. So praying well-being of ‘Guru’ is essential.
It is one way service to ‘Guru’.
After careful listening from ‘Guru’ one has to store
whatever is heard in his own memory. And therefore the
Sage is requesting Gajanana to protect the listener.
Here it important to note that one should listen carefully
not just hear and forget. The word ‘listen’ is meaningful.
List + ing = Listening means we have to make list of
whatever is herd and store in memory for further
Next prayer is for protection of all agencies who hold
this knowledge and all students who are helpful in this
process of acquiring knowledge.
The Sage ‘Ganak’ knows that thought the ‘Guru-
Student’ pair is not only the factor in the process of
knowledge spreading. It is a team work. So he is
praying for all. Let us do comparative study of this team
the ‘University of Education’, the ‘Gurukul’.
Element During Vaidic Era In Present Time
Chief Guru Professor, Din of
Other teachers and
Text books, donors
Writer other Sage Documenter
and helping students
and helping students
The Sage tries to explain that all factors involving in
process of knowledge are necessarily be blessed by the
Gajanana, as they are controlled by ‘Him’ only.
Ava Pashhattat Ava Purasttat
Avo Tarattat Ava Dakshinattat
Ava Chordhvattat Ava Dharattat
Sarvato Mam Pahi Pahi Samantat
(Oh, Lord Ganesha) Protect me from West direction,
protect me from East, protect me from North and
protect me from South. Protect me from top, protect me
from bottom. Protect me from all sides and from
Oh, Lord Ganesha, protect me from all the obstacles
when I am praising about your appearance, when I am
listening about your merits/qualities. When I am
passing the merit of your worshipping to others, protect
me. When I am learning how to worship you from the
Guru, protect me. The obstacles which will come across
in my devotional worship you protect from East, West,
North, South and other surrounding directions.
Disasters or difficulties are two types:
Internal problems are within us. These are of four types
1) Physical: Illness, permanent defects Etc
2) Mental: too many thoughts, Erratic thoughts,
3) Intellectual: Dumbness, Confusion, Cannot
4) Philosophical: Veiling, Cannot reflect upon, No
External problems are innumerous. Few of them are ….
1) Friends and relatives are problematic
2) Social problems
4) Natural disaster
5) Problem at work place
6) Political unrest
Sage Ganak prays Lord Ganesha, protect us from all
sides. Main objective of this prayer is to have peace of
mind so that one can do his Sadhana and progress
Twam Vangamaystyam Chinmayaha
Pratyaksham Brahmasi Twam
You are the real speech and you are the real awakening.
You are the real spirit of joy. You are the real universal
divine knowledge. You are the incomparable everlasting
real supreme joy. You are the perceptible/actual divine
(substance) or as cause of the universe or an enigma.
You are the actual knowledge and actual science and
intelligence. The meaning of science is spiritual
You are the speech is literal meaning. When ‘maya’
suffix is attached, meaning becomes, ‘like’, ‘full of’. For
example ‘Jalamaya’, means full of water, or like water
or just water only. Similarly ‘Gajanana, is full of
vibration or vibration is ‘Gajanana’.
Meaning of ‘Vacha’, is word, language, Goddess of
From sound word is formed. In Sanskrit sound is called
‘nad’. It means vibrations. Different combination of
sound makes different words. A group of words which
expresses some meaning is a sentence. Thus language
is formed. Science of speaking is invented by Lord
Gajanana and ‘His’, dynamic power, the Goddess
In further mantra, ‘twam chatwari vak padani’, we
will go in more details about present mantra, ‘twam
According to Vedanta the principle, the Brahman’ or
the Absolute is described as ‘SAT’ CHIT’ and ‘ANAND’
and called ‘Sacchidananda’.
The first part ‘SAT’ means mere existence is denoted by
above mantra ‘Vacmaya’. Gajanana principle is in
vibration form. He does exist. He is mere existence
without any attributes.
As well it is full of energy and activities, so it is
‘Chinmaya’. We classify whole universe into two
groups, one sentient and other insentient. In other
words there are some living beings and some non living
beings. The absolute does exists, ‘it is SAT’, but it not
dumb like stone. It is lively. Sentiency of Gajanana is
not like worldly type. His Sentiency is beyond
Now Sage says ‘You’, are ‘Anandmaya’. You are sheer
happiness. Somebody may think that Gajanana
‘tatwva’, (principle) no doubt does exist and is vigorous
but is it sad or dry feeling type? So sage tells it is not
sadness but mere happiness.
What is worldly happiness?
Why do you live? The spontaneous reaction to the
question is that I live for the happiness. Obviously
nobody wants misery. Our firm belief today is that the
joy we experience through our senses, lie in respective
objects of the world. Consistent with this belief, we are
constantly engaged in acquiring, possessing and
aggrandizing more and more wealth. We see that all
wealthy men are not happy on the contrary poor men
are roaring in ecstatic joy amidst his poor
Again if the joy is inherent in sense-objects, then each
one of them should provide same amount of joy who
come in contact with it that too all time. It is not true.
Cigarette gives pleasure to some people while it drives
another mad with annoyance. Secondly first few
cigarettes are enjoyed but after certain quaintly one
gets fade up with it. So neither an object nor quantity
can give pleasure to all for all time. This leads us to the
fundamental question ----- What is happiness?
On a careful analysis we find that one’s happiness is
entirely a subjective phenomenon for there seems to be
a distinct and clear relationship between one’ state of
mind and joy or sorrow that experienced by him. When
our mind is agitated sorrow is experienced and when
mind is tranquil there is a joy. Happiness, therefore, is
measured by the tranquility of one’s own mind.
When we wish something immediately our mind is
agitated and we are in stress which is a state of sorrow.
And when that wish is fulfilled at once that agitation or
anxiety is vanished and mind becomes tranquil and
we feel happy.
In case of ‘Gajanana principle’ the happiness is ‘His’,
own nature. Secondly the absolute does not have any
mind instrument. In case human being when his mind is
at tranquil state, the mind does not remain as mind but
becomes ‘Brahman’ itself. When it looses tranquility it
thinks that ‘I was feeling happy’.
The Gajanana principle does not become either happy
or sad but the ‘Happiness’ is Gajanana. It is just like
Sunshine is the Sun.
Therefore the sage says in nut shell that such a
Gajanana tatwa is known as ‘Brahman’. And it is
known as ‘Sat-Chit-Ananad’ or ‘Sacchidananda’.
Sarvam Jagadidam Twatto Jayate
Sarvam Jagadidam Twattas Tishthati
Sarvam Jagadidam Twayi
Layamesheti Sarvam Jagadidam
The whole world is produced from and by you. The
whole world exists in you. The whole world will merge
back into you. The whole world is experienced onto you.
Now the Sage ‘Ganaka’ explains how world has been
We have seen earlier that production of world is not like
a pot or like a cloth. In creation of the world, the God
principle is the material cause, the efficient cause and
the instrumental cause.
Therefore it is said that the word is produced from you.
You are the material cause of the world as mud is
material cause of pot.
At same time the world cannot go away anywhere else
than the ‘Gajanana’; because Gajanana is both
efficient cause and material cause. Where as pot and
pot maker are two separate entities. So pot can go
away from the pot-maker, as well pot can remain
without pot-maker. The world neither can go away from
Gajanana nor can it remain without Gajanana.
So the world is identical with Gajanana principle.
Vedanta says “Tat twam Asi”. Means ‘You’, are that
principle. The world is the ‘Brahman’.
Now last but not least Ganaka Rishi declares in roaring
voice that ‘Sarvam Idam Jagat Twai pratyati’.
Word ‘jagat is formed as follows. ‘J’ means ‘Jayate,
means ‘is born’ and ‘Ga’ means ‘Gachyati’, means
disappears, goes away, changes or get modified. So
world takes birth, remains there for some times, gets
modified and ultimately vanishes.
Sage says, this world is seems to be appeared on You,
Oh, Gajanana. It means world is not real. It is mere
illusion as ghost is seen on a post or a mirage is
appeared on sand dune.
This is the finest and the ultimate finding of Vedanta
that the world doesn’t exist (Ajata Vada).
You are the Earth, the water, the air, the fire and the
sky, the panchamahabhutas, the five basic elements.
The universe is an illusion appearing on Gajanana
principle. Only the absolute, the Gajanana principle
exists, is the ultimate conclusion of Vedanta. This is
what we have studied just now.
Still we see the world, feel and perceive it. The world is
well designed, organized and works on certain rules and
So Sage Ganaka explains further how this world had
been evolved to the present state.
The Gajanana principle, which is time-less
entity, the absolute, did exist before creation.
It was alone and thought that, ‘Ekoham
Bhaushyam’. I’m only one and alone, let me
become many. So with its mystic power called
‘Maya’ (Ya Ma Sa Maya, means which does not
exist; it is imaginary mystic power) first ‘Mahad’
was manifested. This is also called as ‘Mahesh or
Shiv principle. As per modern thinking we can
call this as ‘God Particles’. This ‘Mahad’ was
almost invisible or un-manifested state. Here it
reminds us of the Black hole.
From ‘Mahad’, or ‘Shiva’, the Omkar or
Gajanana principle took place. As per Hindu
mythology Shri Ganesha is son of God Shiva. In
Sanskrit Ganesha is called as ‘Shivasuta’.
‘Suta’ means an extension or a son. That way
son is an extension of father. So from ‘Mahad’,
Omkar was extended. Omkar is first manifested
form of the world.
From Omkar Space was created.
From Space primitive Gas was generated. In
Sanskrit it is called ‘Aabhu’ means sphere of Gas
(Vayu); it is not actually gas that is found on the
earth. The meaning of ‘Vayu’, is that which flows.
We can say it is an entity which is in pulsating or
in wave form.
This ‘Abhu’ or compact ‘Vayu’ got heated up and
burst into Fire. This phenomenon reminds us of
‘Big Bang Theory’.
From ‘Vayu’, water was formed
And lastly form Water, solid earth principle was
Here we must understand that whatever seems to
be empty or unseen is called space. The space is not
a ‘Null’, or mere emptiness but it is an element.
Whatever flows and is in unseen form, is an Air.
Whatever is in liquid form is water and whatever in
solid form is an earth. This is the contemplating
language of Vedanta.
With permutation and combination of these five
elementary products further worlds of things and
beings was formed. At the time of dissolution the
whole world will be wound up in the reverse order.
Earth will merge into water, water into fire, fire into
air and air will merge into space. Then space will
dissolve into Onkar or Gajanana. Gajanana will go
back to Shiva or Mahad. Ultimately Mahad will
dissolve into the Absolute.
Twam Chatwari Wak Padani
Oh, Ganesha, you are the four states of speeches.
The four states of speeches are
1) Para: from region of naval.
2) Pashyanti: from place in the heart.
3) Madhyama: from throat.
4) Vaikhari: from movement of tongue and lips.
Last three sounds, ‘vaikhari, madhyama and
pashyanti are ‘Aahat Dhwani’. ‘Aahat’ means the
sound which is created by stroking. This is audible
sound. E.g., tuning fork when struck creates musical
The ‘para’ is ‘anahat’, sound. This sound is generated
without stroking. This can’t be heard.
Repetition of name of God or a ‘Japa’ should be done in
certain sequence. To begin with one must do chanting
loudly with rhythm that is using ‘vaikhari’. Once our
mind is established in this practice we should go to next
stage, madhyama. Now we should chant such a way
that it may sound like murmuring sound coming from
throat. After practicing this way for long period one may
switch over to next stage ‘pashyanti’. This sound
comes deep down from heart. This stage onward one
needs guidance of, ‘Guru’.
Lastly ‘para’ sound is to be sensed. This sound is
created automatically when student is highly evolved.
So Gajanana is ‘Omkar’. Omkar is ‘Vac’ or vibrations.
It is not ordinary sound but the waves. So initially world
was in wave or in vibration form, known as the
The Vedas are manifestation of Ishvara in sound form.
That sound has four types. Para is manifested only in
Pran. Pasyanti is manifested in the mind. Madhyama
is manifested in the Indriyas and Vaikhari is
manifested in articulate expression.
Articulation is the last and grossest expression of divine
sound-energy. The highest manifestation of sound-
energy, the primal voice, the divine voice is Para. The
Para voice becomes the root-ideas or germ-thoughts. It
is the first manifestation of voice. In Para the sound
remains in an un-manifested form. Para, Pasyanti,
Madhyama and Vaikhari are the various gradations of
waves. Madhyama is the intermediate unexpressed
state of wave. Its seat is the heart.
The seat of Pasyanti is the navel or the Manipura
Chakra. Yogins who have subtle inner vision can
experience the Pasyanti state of a word which has
color and form, which is common for all languages and
which has the vibrating homogeneity of sound. Indians,
Europeans, Americans, Africans, Japanese, birds,
beasts—all experience the same Bhavana of a thing in
the Pasyanti state of voice or sound. Gesture is a sort
of mute subtle language. It is one and the same for all
persons. Any individual of any country will make the
same gesture by holding his hand to his mouth in a
particular manner, when he is thirsty. As one and the
same power or Shakti working through the ears
becomes hearing, through the eyes becomes seeing and
so forth, the same Pasyanti assumes different forms of
sound when materialized. The Lord manifests himself
through his Mayaic power first as Para Vani in the
Muladhara Chakra at the navel, then as Madhyama
in the heart and then eventually as Vaikhari in the
throat and mouth. This is the divine descent of His
voice. All the Vaikhari is His voice only. It is the voice
of the Virat Purusha. This subject can be learned from
You are beyond three properties (Raj, Satva, Tam).
Gajanana principle is really beyond ‘Gunas’ or
properties. Human mind can hardly conceive this state
of property-less-ness. This really requires grace of the
‘Sadguru’. Still let us try to contemplate.
Meaning of Sanskrit word ‘Guna’.
1) Property of material
2) A person or a thing with virtue
4) Effects or results
5) Restriction, noose, net, bondage
6) A string
Ref: Laghukosh (Sanskrit Dictionary) by Apte
Creation of the world as per ‘Sankhya’
(Please, refer to critique on “Twam Bhumiraponalo
We have seen that from the absolute everything was
produced. Order of creation was as following:
Each element has three properties i.e. ‘Satwa’, ‘Raja’,
and ‘Tama’. These are called three ‘Tanmatra’ of the
Effects of the ‘Satwa’:
Sentiency, perception, Light Knowledge, pure happiness
Effects of the ‘Raja’:
Movement, flow, power / energy, Desire to enjoy,
Effects of the ‘Tama’:
No movement, Dullness, Ignorance, Darkness
Permutation and combination
Sum of Tam Portion of Elements Evolved To
½S + 1/8A + 1/8F + 1/8W + 1/8E Raw (Visible) Space
1/8S + 1/2A + 1/8F + 1/8W + 1/8E Raw (Visible) Air
1/8S + 1/8A + 1/2F + 1/8W + 1/8E Raw (Visible) Fire
1/8S + 1/8A + 1/8F + 1/2W + 1/8E Raw (Visible) Water
1/8S + 1/8A + 1/8F + 1/8W + 1/2E Raw (Visible) Earth
In the beginning all five elements were in their primitive
form. There was no creation of names and forms as
such before. The skeleton material was required for the
world of names and forms.
Tam parts (tanmaatra) of all five elements combined
and raw elements were created which were useful as
building block for creating the universe. One-half part of
Space combined with one-eighth parts of the remaining
four elements, and a raw Space was formed. This
process is called ‘Panchikaran’, permutation and
combination of five. In this same way, the other four
elements were formed. Now using these raw materials,
bodies of all things and beings were created.
Tam part (tanmaatra) of each element was combined
with Tam parts of other elements in certain proportion
to create raw element. This happened as follows:
½ Space +1/8 Air+1/8 Fire+1/8 Water+1/8 Earth
= Space (in Raw Form)
Alas! All things and beings JUST were created lifeless
like a pot made from clay. It will be interesting to see
how this lifeless world became dynamic and throbbing
1: From Tam part: At macro level gross elements and
at micro level gross bodies of all living and non living
2: From Raj part: At macro level different types of
energies and at micro level life controlling energy,
‘Prana’s, were created.
3: From Satwa part: The creator, the Brahmajee, or
total sum of consciousness was created at macro level
and at micro level individual I-ness or mind equipment
Micro Property of
Combination of all
‘Satwa’, of all five
Total sum of
Combination of all
‘Raja’, of all five
energy in body
Combination of all
‘Tama’, of all five
World of Raw
The body of all
living / non living
We can see that whatever is created in this universe is
all from five basic elements only. Even cosmic
consciousness, all energies and human mind and so
called soul, are all termed as material and made of five
As per definition of matter in physics,
1) Matter requires space
2) Matter has volume
3) Matter has mass
4) Matter has properties
Ganaka Rishi says Gajanana is beyond properties
means He is not a matter.
Gajanana principle is an entity which is Space less,
Mass less, Energy less and Time less. It is the
This concept is very difficult to understand. To
understand this concept, highly purified mind and grace
of Sadguru is essential.
Twam Avastha Trayatitaha
You are beyond three states of perception
We have three stages of perception namely
1) Waking state: Here we do everything almost
2) Dream State: We do not have control over
dream. Mind projects everything in the dream.
3) Deep sleep state: Mind does not function in this
We have seen that Gajanana is the Absolute principle.
It is not mind so it does not have all above states of
Gajanana is beyond waking, dreaming and sleeping
sates. This fourth state is called as ‘Turya Avastha’. It is
pure state of knowledge and perception. In this state
the knower (Subject), the known (object) and
knowledge are one and only one. It is a singularity.
To understand this concept one need help of ‘Sadguru’
or grace of God.
You are beyond three types of bodies.
Three types of bodies are as following:
1) Sthula Sharir: Gross body
2) Sukshma Sharir: Subtle body
3) Karan Sharir: Causal body
All things and beings have a body. All things which are
insentient have only one type of body, the gross body.
Stone has only gross body. Living beings have all the
The gross body is made up of bone, muscles, blood,
skin Etc. It is outer skeleton what we see.
Where as subtle body is mind-intellect equipment.
The desires which are precipitated deep into subtle body
called as ‘Vasanas’. These ‘Vasanas’, responsible for
design of next birth are known as causal body.
We have already seen that body is made up of material.
Really speaking whatever is under realm of relativity is
all matter and abide by laws of space, energy, mass and
time. The Gajanana principle is the absolute, beyond
all three bodies.
You are beyond the time
What is time? You find many different definitions of
1) A non spatial continuum in which events occur in
apparently irreversible succession from the past
through the present to the future is time.
2) An Interval separating two points on this
continuum is time.
As per physics time is an interval between two
Events are of two types:
1) Displacement: a body moves from one point to
other point, rotation, vibration Etc.
2) Change in state: growing, decaying, change of
phase, Decomposition, physical /chemical changes
All such displacements and changes can occur only in
the realm of relativity. Gajanana is not at all abide by
time as ‘He’, is the absolute.
Twam Muladharasthitosi Nityam
Twam Yogino Dhyayanti Nityam
You are always established at ‘Muladhar Chakra’. You
are three types of energies. ‘Yogis’ always meditate
Muladhara Chakra is located at the base of the spinal
column. It lies between the origin of the reproductive
organ and the anus. It is a junction where Ida, Pingala
and Sushumna Nadis meet. Two fingers above the
anus and two fingers below the genitals, the
Muladhara Chakra is situated. This is the Adhara
Chakra (support) as the other Chakras are above this.
Kundalini, which gives power and energy to all the
Chakras, lies at this Chakra. Hence this, the support of
all and is called Muladhara or Adhara Chakra. From
this Chakra all Nadis emanate as petals of lotus. The
subtle vibrations are made by each Nadi.
The wise Yogi, who concentrates and meditates on the
Muladhara Chakra, acquires the full knowledge of
Kundalini and the means to awaken it. When
Kundalini is awakened, he gets Darduri Siddhi, the
power to rise from the ground. He can control the
breath, mind and semen. His Prana enters the middle
Brahma Nadi. All his sins are destroyed. He acquires
knowledge of the past, present and future. He enjoys
the natural Bliss (Sahaja Ananda).
This subject is very subtle and can only be learned from
the master. Just to quench some curiosity we tried to
brief the subject.
Twam Brahmastvam Twam
Vishnustvam Rudrastvam Indrastvam
Agnistvam Vayastvam Suryastvam
You are Brahma, you are Vishnu, you are Rudra, you
are Indra, you are Agni/God of Fire, you are Vayu/God
of Air, you are Surya/Sun, you are Chandra/Moon, you
are the Brahma (an organism from all living being) and
the Earth, the Sky, the Heaven and the OM.
Sage has already declared that the complete universe is
created by and from ‘Him’ only. So whatever is seen
and un-seen is Gajanana. For a common man this
vision is difficult rather he cannot see God everywhere.
So Ganank Rishi indicates where one can see ‘Him’
and revere ‘Him’. All five elements, Sun, moon where
one can feel ‘His’ existence, power and glory distinctly.
The above examples have to indicate "ONE IN MANY" is
all meant to be as many items of contemplation, to be
meditated upon by all sincere seekers. This is not an
OBJECTIVE narration and, as such, no true student of
the Ganapati Upanishad can ever expect his education
to be complete unless he understands the true meaning
of this mantra in his SUBJECTIVE experience.
A student must know from his heart of the heart that
Gajanana is the Absolute principle but still one must
revere ’Him’, in various forms called as ‘Vibhuti’,
means in these form Gajanana has manifested with
special vivid expression.
Etat Tav Manuswaroopam
Having recited the letter 'Ga' the first letter of
'Ganadin’, in the beginning, followed by the first
alphabet 'A' and thereafter a dot means a crescent and
with the sacred 'Gam' up to these. This is the way of
complete the pronunciation. G+A=Ga+M=Gam
‘Gam’, is root word of the lord. It is called as “Beej
Akshar”. Really speaking, the Sanskrit world ‘gam’
literally represents the manifested picture of the Lord.
This we will see in next ‘Mantra.
During meditation one has to concentrate on ‘Gam’.
With long practice one can merge with Lord Ganaesha
by meditating this way.
Nada Sandhanam Sanhita Sandhihi
'Gakara' is the first part 'Akara' is the middle part and
a dot 'anuswar' is the last part and 'bindu' is the latter
‘Gam’ and ‘Om’ are almost same. Three ‘Gm’ produces
‘Om’. The Rishies are the scientist. How did they think
of ‘Gm’ and ‘Om’. It is the scientific re-search and
findings by Rishies. It is not just thoughtless
imagination. There is science behind it. Let us view this
point as if we are studying the physics. The cosmogony
(the study of the origin of the universe) is an area
where science and theology meet.
(Refer book by Dr. P. V. Vartak, ‘Upanishadache
Vidnyan Nist Nirupan’, Book is written in Marathi)
Formation of ‘OM” and creation of world
Initially there was the Absolute, alone! Nothing was
except ‘It’. It thought that,‘I’m alone. (¤=(r ·(r ··((-( ¤=(r ·(r ··((-( ¤=(r ·(r ··((-( ¤=(r ·(r ··((-() Let
me become many.
With help of its mystic power ‘Maya’, an ‘Aabhu’ or a
tiny sphere was created, known as ‘Mahad’, or Shiv
We can consider this as primitive ‘Black Hole’. This can
be called singularity. In this black hole, matter of whole
universe was compacted in un-manifested state.
Prior to the singularity, nothing existed, neither space,
nor time, nor matter, nor energy - nothing.
Vedanta says ‘He’, performed ‘Tapa’. ‘Tapa’ means to
heat up. Physics say in this black hole heat was
generated. Then it got burst. Matter was forced out of
this tiny black hole. It reminds us of Big Bang theory.
Formation of ‘Makar’ the Lord Shiva
‘Shiva’, principle in manifested form
¬(·( ¬(·( ¬(·( ¬(·(
Refer to Pattern No.1
From ‘Aabhu’, the compact black hole, matter was
ejected and crescent formation was generated. Original
sphere and crescent jointly formed a new pattern which
is called ‘Makar’, manifested form of lord Shiva.
The ‘Makar’ is ‘Mahesh’. From ‘Makar’, the Omkar is
created. Onkar is manifested form of Shri Gajanana.
Omkar is extension of Makar. Gajanana is extension
of Lord shiva. That means Gajanana is ‘Shiva Suta’.
‘Suta’, means an extension or a son. Obviously the son
is an extension of father.
Formation of A-kar and Om-kar
¬(·( ¬(·( ¬(·( ¬(·(
Refer to ‘Pattern No.2
Out of spinning ‘Abhu’ matter was ejected in tangential
direction. The ‘Abhu’, was extremely compact with
matter so had tremendous gravitational attraction.
Whatever was in its vicinity was engulfed by it. So the
material which was ejected out of Aabhu, turned back
and formed ‘g’. We have shown only five ‘g’ formations
in the diagram. Actually innumerous patterns may be
formed in all directions. In case of ordinary explosion
the ejected matter, goes tangentially and never comes
back. In case of black hole matter turns back due to its
high gravitational attraction.
Formation of ‘Akar’ continued ….
Formation of Gajanana along with ‘Mahesh’
Refer to Pattern No.3 & No.4
We saw in Pattern No.1 that first ‘g’ formation was
created. After ‘g’ was formed gravitational force was
reduced to some extent. Due gravitational attraction in
back word direction and momentum in forward
direction, the matter changed its direction and ‘. .. .’
formation took place. From ‘. .. .’ formation again matter
was ejected in horizontal direction and again one
horizontal ‘g’ was formed.
Along with ‘Makar’, ‘Aakar’ and ‘U kar (. .. . =(· =(· =(· =(·) complete
form of Shri Gajanana is created.
Initially the absolute was there… nothing else. It was
mass less, space less, energy less and time less. On
such absolute principle, ‘Mahad’ principle appeared.
-(=(· -(=(· -(=(· -(=(· ¬(=(· ¬(=(· ¬(=(· ¬(=(·
From ‘Mahad’ or ‘Mahesh’, ‘Gajanana principle was
‘Shri Dnyaneshwar Maharaj’, expresses same thing
in his text book ‘Dnyaneshwari ….to visualize his
Gajanana we have to modify the (! !! !) Om-kar little
¬=(· ·(·ª(·(·( -( .=(· .:· i·(:((-( ¬=(· ·(·ª(·(·( -( .=(· .:· i·(:((-( ¬=(· ·(·ª(·(·( -( .=(· .:· i·(:((-( ¬=(· ·(·ª(·(·( -( .=(· .:· i·(:((-(
-(=(· -(r(-( z= -(·-=(=(· -(=(· -(r(-( z= -(·-=(=(· -(=(· -(r(-( z= -(·-=(=(· -(=(· -(r(-( z= -(·-=(=(·
- i--r( ¤=·(º-( -·( :(·: ·(--( =·(=-( - i--r( ¤=·(º-( -·( :(·: ·(--( =·(=-( - i--r( ¤=·(º-( -·( :(·: ·(--( =·(=-( - i--r( ¤=·(º-( -·( :(·: ·(--( =·(=-(
- i-(·(( ·(==+ -(i-(-( ¬(i:·((( - i-(·(( ·(==+ -(i-(-( ¬(i:·((( - i-(·(( ·(==+ -(i-(-( ¬(i:·((( - i-(·(( ·(==+ -(i-(-( ¬(i:·(((
n(-(·(·( ¬ : n(-(·(·( ¬ : n(-(·(·( ¬ : n(-(·(·( ¬ :
With Om-kar modified we can see Shri Dnyaneshwar
Maharaja’s Gajanana as bellow
‘Aakar is your pair of legs, Ukar is large stomach
‘Makar’ is your head, All three combined is Omkar,
word manifested, I’ve seen the seed of universe in
form of Omkar due to grace of my Guru, I salute
to ‘Lord Gajanana who is seed of the universe,
says Shri Dnyaneshwar Maharaj
This is how I tried to explain creation of ‘Shiva’, and
Gajanana with the help of physics. Those who just
believe in science and have doubt about ‘God’ the
absolute, the creator, the sustainer and the destroyer of
this universe, for such persons these efforts are taken
so that they may develop faith in Lord Gajanana.
One should realize that even all material sciences are
trying to reach the ultimate truth but they have
limitations as they work within realm of relativity. The
truth which is the absolute can be realized only with
help of the ‘Sadguru’.
Saisha Ganeshvidhya Ganakrishi
OM Gam Ganapatye Namaha
This is the 'Ganesha Vidya' (knowledge about Lord
Ganesha) of Gananka Rishi (a sage) Nichrut Gayatri
is its meter. 'Ganapati' is the God and symbolic form in
words is 'OM Gam Ganapataye Namaha'.
The word Gam having the following three parts,
1) ga 2) a and 3) dot
·( ·( ·( ·( + ¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ + -( -( -( -( = ·(-( ·(-( ·(-( ·(-(
‘Gam’ denotes the nasal sound. ‘Gam’ is known as
seed word or root word. If mantra, ‘Gam Ganapatye
Namah’, is chanted with utmost devotion, a sagun
rupa, the actual figure of Shri Gajanana is generated.
This is the faith of Ganesh Bhaktas.
Point to be noted is that sage ‘Ganaka’ is so humble
that he gives credit to Lord Gajanana for creation of
this beautiful and meaningful ‘stotra’.
Tanoo Danti Prachodayata
We Know Ekadanta; We Meditate vakratunda; May
He inspire us for Meditation.
This Is The 'Ganesha Gayatri', which Is Introduced
after giving knowledge Of Ganesha. By Chanting This
'Ganesha Gayatri', Lord Ganapati will Take Care of
the Devotee’s Life, Wealth and Prosperity.
‘Ekdanta’, means master of ‘His’ own mystic power
‘Maya’. ‘Vakaratunda’, means destroyer of all sort of
This mantra is used for meditation or even for ‘Japa’.
Cha Varadam Hasteibribhranam
Cha Shrushtyadou Prakrute
Purushatparam Evam Dhyayati
Sa Yogi Yoginam Varah
Gajanana has one tusk (on right side) and four hands.
With upper right hand He is holding noose and with left
upper hand goad. In lower left hand He is holding
elephant's tooth (ekadanta) and by right lower hand
He is giving blessings, granting boon. He has mouse as
‘His’ emblem. He is red in color and has a big stomach
and His ears are like a small sift pan. He is wearing red
colored cloths and His body is smeared with red
sandalwood paste. He is worshipped with red flowers.
He always does favors and is kind towards His
devotees. He has created this world. He is everlasting
and cause of the universe. He is beyond the primordial
energy and individual soul. Who so ever meditates upon
Him, always will be the yogi and the best amongst the
First Nam mantra, then one letter mantra, then
Ganesh Gayatri mantra is the sequence. After
finishing these three mantras a description of Ganesha
idol for meditation is given.
Now we know what ‘Gajanana’, is the principle.
Gajanana is the absolute, beyond, names and forms,
property, mass, space and time. He is beyond worldly
consciousness, matter and energy too. In order to
revere ‘Him’, Ganaka has painted beautiful picture of
Gajanana with stroke of his magic paint-brush.
Namo Vratapataye Namo
Ganapataye Namaha Pramathpataye
Namaste Astu Lambodaraya
Ekadantaya Vighnashine Shivasutaya
Shri Varadamurtaye Namo Namaha
My salutation to the Lord of universe; My salutation to
Ganapati; My salutation to leader and chief of the
soldiers and sages; Salutation to the big bellied
(Lambodar), who is having one tusk, Salutation to
Ekadanta, again and again salutation to God Shiva's
son who destroys all obstacles and to Varadmurti, a
lord who always gives blessings to his devotees.
‘Vrat’ means total sum of manifestation. Gajanana is
creator and controller of the universe.
‘Gan’ means accountable. What ever can be accounted
is the world of names and forms, the world of things
and beings. It is under control of Gajanana as He is
Pra-Math means to steer, to trouble. Gananana is
destroyer of all troubles and evils.
Lambodar means big belly. In his big belly complete
universe is situated.
‘Ek’ means mystic power ‘Maya’, and ‘Danta’, means
ruler. So Gajanana is ruler of Maya.
‘Vighnanashine’, He is destroyer of all obstacles.
Sivasuta, means He is extension of lord Shiva, He is
son of Shiva.
‘Vardamurti’, He blesses the devotees.
Iti Ganapati Atharvashirsham
End of Atharvashirsha
At end of the strotra, ‘Fala-shruti’ is given. We have
neither given nor discussed this end part.
In the ‘fala-shruti’, the effects of chanting strotra are
mentioned. ‘Fala’ means fruits of our actions. After
studying so much of Vedanta we know that fruits of our
actions are inevitable and definite.
Gajanana is arranger of ‘Karma-Fala’, the fruits of our
actions. He always looks after welfare of devotees. So
let us just pray ‘Him’ and surrender unto ‘Him’ without
worrying about the Falashruti, the fruit of the actions.
From the unreal lead me to the real
From the darkness lead me to light
From death lead me to immortality
May all beings dwell in happiness
May all beings dwell in peace
May all beings attain oneness
May all beings attain auspiciousness
May all happiness be unto the whole world
Peace … Peace … Peace be everywhere
This contemplation is the grace of
‘Sadguru’ H.H.Swami Chinmayanand ji
Dedicated to the
Lotus feet of the ‘Sadguru’
Biography of Sadguru Sw. Chinmayanand
May 8, 1916 saw the birth of Swami Chinmayananda
to Parakutti and Kuttan Menon in Ernakulam,
Kerala in a noble and an aristocratic family. He was
named Balakrishna Menon at His birth. Little Balan at
the age of 5, lost His mother and his father remarried.
He was brought up amidst a lot of love and care in an
extended family set up.
In 1940, Balan joined the Lucknow University to do
His graduation in English and Law. He was a member of
the literary club, debating club and acted in dramas. He
was an active person in the campus. His sensitive
nature drew Him to the struggle of Indian
Independence. He worked for the country's cause
writing and distributing leaflets, organizing public strikes
and delivering speeches which introduced Him to the
dungeons of the prison cells.
The dissatisfaction and despair in the privileged class
beneath the superficial comforts and luxury and the
prevailing selfish attitude made for the turning point in
the life of Balan. He sought to look for profundity in life
intrigued by Hinduism that He left behind in the early
days of His life. Balan then dedicated Himself to the
study of Indian philosophy and Western philosophy,
spiritual teachings of great masters of whom He found
Swami Shivananda most appealing. After a few visits,
He joined the Ashram and was initiated into Sanyasa
by Swami Shivananda with a new name Swami
Chinmayananda Saraswati which meant pure
consciousness. He was then sent by His master to
Uttarkashi to study the scriptures under Swami
Tapovan where He spent eight years.
Swami Chinmayananda's lectures were an outpour of
wisdom. He introduced the Geetha Gnana Yagna. He
wrote a lot of books on spirituality, commentaries to
Vedantic texts, children books etc. He then started
spreading His teachings globally. He organized the Bala
Vihar and the Yuva Kendra for kids and weekly study
groups. Chinmaya Mission sponsors 62 schools in India
with the Vedic Heritage included in the curriculum.
Chinmaya Mission also saw the emergence of
management and nursing colleges, free clinics,
hospitals, vocational Hari Har schools, orphanages, and
old people’s homes.
A lot of Chinmaya ashrams came up in Indian with the
main ones in Bombay and Siddhabari, Himalayas.
Piercy, San Jose, Washington, Chicago, Flint, New York
state, and Florida in America also houses
Swami Chinmayananda was selected as a President of
Hindu religion for the Centennial Conference of the
Parliament of World Religions in Chicago, where Swami
Vivekananda had addressed.
Swami Chinmayananda left His body in San Diego on
August third 1993. His body was taken to Siddhabari
ashram to be buried. However the teachings of this
great master records His presence eternally reaching
out to all those aspiring for the higher ideals in life.
Bio Data of Taoshobuddha
I sincerely thank to my dearest friend Sufi Saint,
“Sheikh Taoshobuddha”. It is my duty and pleasure
to introduce him……………..
TAOSHOBUDDHA IS BORN IN INDIA IN A FAMILY OF
NAQSHBANDI SUFI MASTERS. He comes from the
tradition of Naqshbandi Sufi Ram Chandra RA –
Lalaji, Naqshbandi Sufi Raghuber Dayal RA –
Chachaji, Sufi Brij Mohan Lal RA, and Sufi Onkar
A the age of eight months his Nana Naqshbandi
Sheikh Sufi Brij Mohan Lal transferred the nisbet
and thus prepared him for what he represents the
Naqshbandi Tariqat in its pristine clarity.
The Sheikh says, “I am here for all that existence
wants me to be. Therefore I go on allowing ‘happening’,
all that existence has sent me for and whatsoever the
existence does not want to happen I will not allow
happening. My being is absorbed in God.
This is totality and this, the word ‘God’, means to me.
This is flowing in God or cosmic harmony. And the
moment this happened, I became suddenly all-infinite-
OCEANIC... AND NOW SOUR IN INFINITE SKY
On the meaning of the name Taoshobuddha the
“The word Taoshobuddha comes from three words,
“tao” “sho,” and “Buddha”. The word Tao was coined
by the Chinese master, Lau Tzu. It means that which is
and cannot be put into words. It is unknown and
unknowable. It can only be experienced and not
expressed in words. Its magnanimity cannot be
condensed into finiteness. The word Sho implies, that
which is vast like the sky and deep like an ocean and
carries within its womb a treasure. It also means one on
whom the existence showers its blessings. And lastly
the word Buddha implies the Enlightened One; one who
has arrived home.
Thus, Taoshobuddha implies one who is existential, on
whom the existence showers its blessings and one who
has arrived home, the Enlightened One!”
Taoshobuddha is a living Enlightened Master whose
aim is to bring about transformation in human
Pillars of Hinduism
There are three main pillars that have held Hinduism high,
century after century: the satgurus, the temples and the
scriptures. Together they echo the greatness of
Ganesha, the Lord of Dharma, and son of Shiva.
For untold millennia our rishis’ and sages have proclaimed
the profound depths of the mind, assuring us that we, too,
can and must come to know God and the Gods. It is the
living presence of these Satgurus and their spoken
teachings which has brought the essentials of the
Sanatana Dharma to life. Now we shall delve into the
nature of Ganesha, what He is like, what functions He
performs and find out how each seeker can make ‘Him’ a
vital part of daily life’s path of experience.
Once a psychic connection is made with Ganesha - the
Deity that manifests in several forms, including the
elephant-headed Lord of Categories and Remover of
Obstacles - one is brought slowly into the mysteries of the
Sanatana Dharma. Such an inner connection, which can
be as subtle as a feeling, as tenuous as a dream or as bold
as a personal visit, is also an entering into one’s own
muladhara chakra, governed by the planet Mercury, for
every opening into a new chakra is also an introduction to
the Deity who governs that state of consciousness and the
planet to which that chakra is connected.
The Sanatana Dharma, known today as Hinduism, is the
only living religion on the planet that does not look to a
human founder for its source of inspiration, scripture or
historical beginning. It is timeless and ageless. Sanatana
Dharma, the root religion of mankind, looks inward for its
origins, into the subtle, super conscious realms within the
microcosm, which it calls the Karanaloka, Shivaloka or
This religion has no single organized headquarters on the
material plane. Nor does it have a one hierarchy. Who then
is in charge of Hinduism? Why, it is none other than our
loving Ganesha! He does not live in Rome, or in Salt Lake
City. Ganesha lives simultaneously everywhere Hindus
worship and pray within themselves. He does not have to
be reappointed from time to time, because yugas and
yugas ago He was permanently and irrevocably appointed
when He was created for this work.
Flowers and Leaves used in Ganesh Puja
Red colored flowers are the favorite of Lord Ganesha.
Any usual red color flower is used in Hindu rituals.
Durva Grass is an important offering to Ganesha.
Especially in South India, you will find vendors selling
garlands of Durva outside Ganesha Temples. It is
known as arugam pul in Tamil, Dhub, Durva and
Haritali in Hindi (North India). Bermuda or Bahama
Grass is the English name.
Another important flower offered is the Milkweed flower.
It is known as Arka in Hindi and Eruku or Erukkum
Poo in South India. Jilledi is the name used in Eastern
Pomegranate leaves and flowers are also offered in
Another important flower and leaf offered is the Sanku
Pushpam or Conch flower.
Leaves and flowers of Screw Pine are also offered. It is
known as Ketaki or Kedgi in Hindi and Kaita in South
There are also other local flowers and leaves that are
used like the Naga leaves.
Tulsi leaves and flowers are not generally used in
Ganesha Puja. But it is used during Vinayaka
Chaturthi or Ganesha Puja.
Ganesha Patris, or Patri, is the numerous types of
sacred leaves that are offered during Ganesha Puja.
In most community pujas, 21 different types of leaves
4. Durva Grass
7. Apa Marga
9. Choota (Mango leaves)
11. Vishnu Kranta
12. Daadimi (Pomegranate)
21. Nimba (Neem)
The most commonly used leaves are that of Durva,
Aghada, Tulsi, Bilva, Prajakta, Mogra and
Madhumalati (popular names). It must be noted here
that Tulsi is only used during Vinayaka Chaturthi.
Most of the Patris that are used in Ganesha puja have
medicinal properties and today many people are
growing these plants at home.
Bhagwat Geeta with Vishnusahatranaam. Gorkhpur.
Sw. Chinmayanand. Kindle Life. Chinmaya Mission.
Chinmayanand, Sw. Holy Geeta. Chinmaya Mission.
Dr. P.V. Vartak, ‘Upanishadache Vidnyan Nisth Nirupan’
Saint Dnyaneshwar, ‘Dnyaneshwari’
Saint Tukaram, ‘Tukaramachi Gatha’
Paper Pack Book
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Shri Ganapati Atharvashirsha
Authored by Mr. Anil Sohoni
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Anil Sohoni (Author),