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# BAB III

METODOLOGI PENELITIAN

## 3.1. Metode Penelitian

cc 

 c  cc
c 
 cc c

c  c   c   c c 
c 
c c cc
 c
 c   cc c c
c  
cc c
cë c c c
cë  

c

## 3.2. Wilayah Penelitian

c c   c c c  c  c c c
   
c c cë c c c
cë  

cc
c 


 c   c 
 c  c c  c 
 c
 c !c

## 3.3. Populasi dan Penentuan Sampel

c   c  c c c  c   c c 
c

c   
c c  c c "  c c c 
c ë  


c c c  c  !c c c  c   c  c c
  c c c  c  c # c "\$%%% c  c  c
c  c c  c  c  c  c  c  c c  c
&c
c
 !cc c&c
cc c\$'c  c
 c 
c  c  c (''c  c 

## c  c  !c

# c 
 c  c  c c c c 

 c  c

   
c  c  c 
 c  c 
c  c
 c  c "
  \$%%%c  c c   c c 
c
  
c c  c c "  c c c 
c ë   

c cc
 c !c

## 3.4. Jenis dan Sumber Data

!c c  c  c 

## c  c "c 

c
  
c 
c   c  c   c c c c

cc c c" cc c !cc

c c
!c c  c c  * c c  c 
cc c
c   c  c  c  c  c   c


c c  c c c  c  c c
c c!c

## 3.5. Teknik Pengumpulan Data

c c c ccc   c
c+c"!c  c
"
cc"!cY
 

3.6. D     
Dc c c  c  c  c c 
c c  c
c   c c ",  c '' +c %!c  c c c c%cccc
"c cc&cc"c-ccc c&c c"cc!cc

 D    D   
 c &c 
c  
 c &c c  c 
c
 c 
 !c 
c c &c c  c c c
+cc
\$! .  c
 cc"c-\$ccc
! .  c c"- c
(! .  c  c, c"-(c
/! .  c c c"-/c
0! .  c  c"-0c
! .  c1
c"-c
)! .  c c"-)c
2! .  c c"-2c
%! .  c c. c"-%c
c

D    D   

c c Dc cc
c c  c&c
c
 c
&c c !c c 
c c c &c c  c c c c c c cccc
c   c  c   c c c 
c c  c
c "  c c  c  !c 3 c &c c   c
 c c  c 
c  c  c   c 
c  c

c )c
 c   c 
c c   c  c 
c cc
  c c 
c c  c  c c c c

c 
c    c  c   c  c 
c  c
cc 
!c
4c(!\$!c
Dcc
c
D,5,67c 3c 8,495c 8453#68c ,7,c
D,5,67c
Dc .  c \$! 
 c #
 cc 9c
c 
 c   c "-\$!\$c c
"-c c"c-\$cc c #
 c c 9c
c c "-\$! c c
c c #
 cc
c 9c
c c c "-\$!(c c
c c c c
.  c c ! 8c c  c cc 9c
"- c c  c:c"- !\$c c
c c ,c ccc 9c
c c 
c"- ! c c
c c  cc 9c
c c c"- !(c c
c c c c
.  c (! 
 c 
 cc 9c
  c c  
c  
c"-(!\$c c
, c"-(c /! 
 c 
 cc 9c
c c c  c"-(! c c
c c 7

c c 9c
c c 

c"-(!(c c
c c c c
.  c c 0! c 4
c c 9c
c"-/c c  c c
c c  "-/!\$c c
c c 4
c 9c
c c "-/! c c
c c  c
c c

c 9c
c c "-/!(c c
c c c c
.  c  c ! c c  c"-0!\$c 9c
"-0c )!  c  c
c"-0! c 9c
c 2! c c c c c 9c
c %!   c "-0!(c c
c \$'!3 c 4
c   c 9c
c c "-0!/c c
c c 4
c 9c
c c 9 "-0!0c c

c 2c
c c :c  c 9c
c c "-0!c 9c
.  c1
c \$\$!4
c
c 4
c3 c"-0!)c 9c
"-c \$ !  
c
c 4
c  c c
c c 
c"-!\$c 9c
c c ,c c c c
c c   
c
"-! c 9c
c \$(! c 1
c5c c
c c 
 c"-!(c c
.  c c c 9c
 c"-)c \$/! c
c 
 cc c
c c  c"-)!\$c 9c
c c 
 cc c
c c   c"-)! c 9c
c \$0!4 c 
 cc c
c c #c4D 6   c c
c \$! c "-)!(c c
.  c  c c 9c
 c"-2c c 4
c  c c
c c  c"-2!\$c 9c
c c 4
c   cc c
c \$)!c 
 c"-2! c 9c
c 
c c  c
 
c c
c \$2!4 c c "-2!(c c
.  c \$%!c c c 9c
 c. c   c c c
c c
"-%c '!, c c c  c"-%!\$c c
7 c c c
 "-%! c 9c
4
cc c
  c"-%!(c 9c
4
c  c c
 "-%!/c
Dc   c \$!   c
c : c  c"\$!\$c 9c
c  c c c c
  c c c c
 c ! 5 c 4
c 
c 9c
"c c   c c
c "\$! c c
c c 9c
(!  c 4
cc c
 c "\$!(c c
c c c
/! 
c 4
c c 9c
c
c   c"\$!/c
c
c
c

c %c
3.7 Teknik Pengukuran variabel
,c c 
c 
 c  c 
  c c  c  c
c c c  !c c 

##  c  c 

c
  
c c c c 
 c c c c #  c" ''0!cc  c c 
c 
 c
 c c c c  c  !c  c c c\$*0c 
c c
c
c c+cc
;c"c\$cc
c4 c  c"4c
;c"c cc4 c  c"4c
;c"c(cc8c"8c
;c"c/cc  c"c
;c"c0cc
c  c"c
 c  c  c 
* 
c c  c  cc

c c+cc
;ccc  c   cc c\$c" cc
;ccc   c   cc c c" cc
;ccc 
 c   cc c(c"
cc
;ccc   c   cc c/c" cc
;ccc   c   cc c0c" cc

## 3.8.      

3.8.1. Uji Reliabilitascc
5c c   c  c  c c c  c

 c 
c c 
 c c c  c  c
 c  c "c ,  c '' +c \$0/c !c c c c  c c
c  c 

##  c  c c * c c  c

 c c c  c 
c  c c c 
c
 c   c
cc\$*0cc c&cc 

 cc
 c c   c c  c c  c c c c c  c 
c
 c  c \$c c ' c c 
c  c  c  c c  c


 c cc* c
5c c  c c c   c 
c c
 c   c c  c c  c 
c
c   c 
c  c  c c 
c c  ccccccccccccccccccc

c ('c
"c  c ,< c '''c +c (!c  c c  c c c
 c 
c 

##  c   c .  c ,c = c c


c 

 c
 cc\$0!'c c !c
5 c+c

   
*= \$  
  \$  U 

c

c+c
>ccc?cc ccc
ccc?cc c c
cc?cc&c c  c cc
@c?cc c&c c c
c   c
cc   c c" '''+c(\$ c
c
 
c
cc
c c
c c+cc
: cc cc 
+cc
\$!c' 2*\$ 'c c ?c5c c
!c' *' )%%c c ?c5c c
(!c 
cc' c ?c5c 
c c
c
3.8.2. Pengujian Validitas
Dc c c c   c c c c 
c c   c 
*

c &c  c c   c  c ",  c '' +c
\$//!c  c  c   c &c c   c 
c c

c 
 cc c 

c c c &c 
c c
c !4

## c c c &c c  c c   cc

 c c c c c 
c   c c  c c  
c c cc

 cc
cc&cc
c   !cc
=c 
c  c  c 
c 
c &c c

c &c  c  c 
c  c c  c
c 
c  c c   !c 3 c 
c


 cc !c
ccc c c
c
c * c
cc  cc  cc
cc 

 cc

c (\$c
5 c c   !    c 
c    c c  c
 c,  cc" '' +cc\$/c
c +c
c

 U  l U l
 a

##  U      

ccccccccccccccc@c c
 
 U

 a  a
 
 


c 
c
c
@c +c c cc@ccc@ c
8c +c: c  c
-c +c c cc
c +c c c
A-c +c: c c cc
Ac +c: c c c
A- c +
c: c c c cc
c +
A c: c c c c
"# \$ %&&' (  
 c c c 
c c c @c c c  c c c c c c  
ccc

c 

##  c  c c    c c 

c c cc

cc
c c 
c c 
c@ccc c  c

c 
c  c  c  c  c  c &c c  c @c
c cc
cc  c c c c c&!c

## 3.9.c Metoda Analisis Data

c 3.9.1 Analisa Korelasi
c
c ,c c 
c 
 c  c c   
c c
.  c 
 c c .  c   c .  c   c , c
.  c c  c.  c  c.  c1
 c.  c  c.  c
  cc.  c c. cc
c   c c  c
c c c 
c c c 
c 

 c c
  c c c c  !c 
c c c c c

c ( c
 c  c 
c c
 c c& c 
 c c c
  
 c c 
 c c  !c  c c c c
c  c 
 c  c  c c   
c c
&c c "c 
c &c  c "c 
c
c+cè1  rs  1 c c+c
! c c c ?c è1c  c  c è1,  c c  c &c
  c 
c c c 
c c c   
c c  c
&c c  c   c  c cXc  c  c cYc
 c  c c !c
! c cc?c c  c  c c  c c c  c &c

c c c cc c c !c
! c cc?c 1c  c  c1 c  c c c  c &c

c c c   c c   
c c  c &c 
c
cc c   c ccX  c  ccY
c
 c c !c
, c cc c   c
  c" ''(cBc \$c c+c

4c(! c
cc c
c
Interval Koefisian Tingkat Hubungan
'!''cCc'!\$%%c 
c5c
'! 'cCc'!(%%c 5c
'!/'cCc'!0%%c 
c
'!'cCc'!)%%c  c
'!2'cCc\$!'''c 
c c
c

 
c c  c 
c 

 c 
 c
c\$0!'c c !c
c  c c c c c  c c c
 c 
c  c 
c 

##  c  c  c "   c

 c 
c   c \$ ( /c c 0c  c c c c c  c
 c c 

c 
c   c 
c  c c   c
 c c  c c c  c c &!c c

c ((c
c c c c    c c c &c 
c


##  c   c"\$%)!c

3.1 Hipotesis

 c c   c c  c  c  c c c c
  c
c c+c
1\$cc +,c   
c c .  c 
 c c "-\$c 
c
  c  c   c c c c 
c ë  


c c  c c "  c 
c c c  c
 !c
1 c +,c   
c c .  c  c "- c c 
c   c
 c   c c c c 
c ë   

c c
 c c" c
c cc c !c
1(c +,c   
c c .  c   c , c "-(c 
c
  c  c   c c c c 
c ë  


c c  c c "  c 
c c c  c
 !c
1/c +,c  
cc.  c c c"-/c
c   c
 c   c c c c 
c ë   

c c
 c c" c
c cc c !c
10c +,c   
c c .  c   c "-0c 
c   c
 c   c c c c 
c ë   

c c
 c c" c
c cc c !c
1c +,c   
c c .  c 1
c "-c 
c   c
 c   c c c c 
c ë   

c c
 c c" c
c cc c !c
1)c +,c  
cc.  c c"-)c 
c   c
 c   c c c c 
c ë   

c c
 c c" c
c cc c !c
12c +,c   
c c .  c  c "-2c 
c   c
 c   c c c c 
c ë   

c c
 c c" c
c cc c !c

c (/c
1%c +,c  
cc.  c c. c"-%
c   c
 c   c c c c 
c ë   

c c
 c c" c
c cc c !c
c
c
c

c (0c