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Naval Aviation News - Sep 1945

Naval Aviation News - Sep 1945

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01/31/2013

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The

target run--dtopped jtll; bomb. The el(lllosiga was devastating. PullliIg out of the run, the plane shud:.:l,,~edthen
WAS

divebomh""

nosed

"vel' Crn the

burlt

into

f1ame.~. The

entire

beUy

ablaze, and fire trailed aft the tail.

for 30 feet .

Richard F. Wil"",n, ARM3c, watcl,,,d ..s the X/ng/is}II!r he was in ToQIe :after the cdppled plane. Seconds before the. dive bomber

crashed two shadows- cleared the Ii"mea and pal: II; d:Ju(ed i.lltD·th e '6~ a. Til e pllot broke out the r3ftaml paddled fOw~ hi:6 ai~(ltewman who, wounded and .hI. strength spent by lhli burru he had received, tassell belplesslv on the huge sweIb. The King{i}/11!1'
Spasm" of enemy

woopC!d in for"
fir!! bur.!Ot from

landing, the

beacll-me OS2U roc:kedand rolled tI1e lap. barely mi.ssed theil ta.l'get. Rkhard WilIIo.n Imatched
nun.

as

M

life
out on me

,,-gai:n.st their

JumpiTig

wing, lre rossed a. line around the floundering man and drag&~d him out of' the sea.. Safely in the plan~ Wilson applil!d 6.rst aid while the dive bomber pjlot climbed aboard. Two lives were saved __ gamble paid off.

Airc.,ewme" have whal ,I takes

~

....,.

NUAl

AVIATION

N~WS 248

SE.PTEMBER I. 1945-NO,

MARINE AND NAVY AIRMEN SMASHED JAP. NANSEI SHOTO POWER
A LL. TIlE Hyuk. nis are within 750 'narrtical miles fi ot- the southern edge of Japan's vital industrial 'Z(}He, Taueaa hhna.lucatedatthe northern
end

In pr pl.Jl"ation fol' attacks which would beat Japan into
destrnction unless she surrendered, the U.S. needed a base iu the R, IIkyus on whieb to build aIrfields. supply depots and sta iog areas. It was fOF -~bilithat the oampaign 011 Okinuwa was launched and prosecuted with determination In the face of enemy resistanc which demonstrated that the japs realized th full rb'ategic: importance of their island. In addition to a strong. well-equipped .e:ani.son on Okin~wa. Japan had eoustrueted on the olltlying is-

or the

PHOTOGRAPHIC! lands of the Ryukyus, airfields, A;\ positions INTElLIGENCE. suicide boat bases and other instullations that . constituted threats to tho invading Forces. These
installatiens had to be sought pilots job. show t.h e y

Nansei Shotc, is only

40

miles from Kyushu.

photographs played a usefu I part
M_aritle and Navy II ndertoQk the Photos of the results h () w effectively

out and destroyed, and in the operation,

knocked out the japs' strength and opened th way for U.S. bulldozers to prepare bases fDr the Anish fight with Japan.

JAP

P.W.. 'S ABOAIID

.Go

1Jl!j: SHIP

1

JAPANESE BUILT AIRFIELDS ON ALL SIDES OF OKINAWA, USED SUICIDE BOATS AND SUBMARINES TO ATTACK U. S. FLEET
0 nortls
10 -AWl!.

was surrounded on all sides by Jap airfiekJs. Til tli
the enemy

had fields in the A.nulmi Cunto, two on IGloxi,

island, one Oil Tokune islaad, IU1d a seaplan base ur Xoniya ~m Amant! 0 Shima. TIl - Japs also op rated ID,lJjO !ield Of} Tauega island, jus south uf Kyusbu. These airfields all possessed fueling ,uKI t'el'Rlr Fadlities and served as staging bases fm' itnnrikaze pilots and other Japs £lying southward from Kyoshu. South of OkiL1RWa, iathe Sakishima G\1Dto, the enemy had three field" 011 lshigakt island and three on Miyfl,ko. Two hundred miles east of the main Nansei Shoto chain th r was a Iap field 011 Minami Daita, 1!I,d west of Okinawa the enemy had _Gelds 011 Ie and Kume

A SUICIOIi.

BOAT

BASE?

cid hO),.lX,!i and submarines, Furthermore, many islauds Qf the- Nanset Sllo~o that were tee stnalJ 01' too rugged to llermit alrfleld construetrC)1l had radar, radio. \ eather stations, and lighfheuses, fonn.tng uu observation and warning n twork that endanger d Allieu operations
i'll

islands. The laps supplemented their air attacks in tli RytIkyus with suijAPS UIITRODUC€.I) BAKA

the area, U.S.. pilots
011

CllCOl.lllter-ed

.hea.... "Y

~A

fue

frl':lIl'l

JaJ:janese

positions

critical islands, and it became apparent

that enemy gar-

risonswere well established in areas ef zreatest military irrtpnrtauee. The conquest of Okinawa depended to a considerable ex'tep_t on tteub'allzatiol1 of sUJ11·ollnding islands. H .omplished hy arr attacks.
IDarkSmoke puffs IIp from K(miyn 'fawn, Amam; Q Shi"il)'ti. r'll1n, il1g neutralfzin_g stdkll' bv planes

MANY

I<AMII<P.~'ES

HIT

AM"'!il1

'0 SHIMA

TOOl(

PillSTlNG

IN

AIR

:A'l'TACK'S

WORRIED

JAPAiNESE

,SHIPS

CLUNG

TO

THE

SHE!.'!',",!!

01" TH:E

lI'fUKVU

CO,

ENEMY INSTALLATIONS, CONCEALE
!'he Ryukyu~, the [aps rea!i much as pos$ible:. Numerous photograpbtc sorties wete1l1ad,e by u.s. alrm~'l in the attempt to discover l()cat'i~tlS of .'l\ricida hoat and sub'ItIttrlTIe bases and nther' hidden enemy il'lsttl111tticms. Pictures pro\ied pru,ticu.buly useful ill spotting it !le:.t 1!1 subm:nrhHt,~ tl;t Unit-en 1.p 0)1 t10rlliwest 01::il1il~'a. Accordiu,!r 19 all action rep@rt; "A I Un ten Kr, tile first u,I;taf11p' rt>flol'te~ little success due (0 lhe excellent eamouEiage of the submarine peilsaru:! n~hy inst:;illIttiol)il. However, cleae examluatlon ()f phnLOgl'a-phlj ta.ken during these .:ltea.,eks revealed <I number of concealed pens and p.rov:idcd nil opporlunity ~or hrilil'flng l'he pilots on .the pin-point lnrg~ts. Pi'in'missir:m was obtained 10 hit the are-a again, and t}l!~results were eli'ceJ· lent. with a 'or ,4 -pellS ncslrtlycn ttl the acccmparrimant of
SUIte:d

Flies would
totmmouBage

~ltESEEING

Ul~ ov~twhebning Ioree which the Al~
brtq.g

and

U11:0

C0tl,Cea.!j11ent

U. L01lghed i.l; nul \;Vith lG),mikitLtlS !IS t.hey led [jUaclw ag'tlimlt Nunsei Shoro bEl'iOC5

s:. tamers

FOR SAF:ETYl RHOrO SHOWS ROCKET ATr.ltCK

BY

eAlI'RIER

PLANE ON LUGGERS MUGGING SHORE

01" KAIKEROMA

ISLAND IN TH:E AMAMI GUN'TO

ON MANY ISLANDS OF NANSEI S,HOTO, WERE SOUGHT OUT AND ATTACKED
bmw!' explostons and huge firl:lS. Additional pens WCJ'C 10;' cated OJ) pictuees taken during this attack. and the whole pl'oces,.~ repeated I:\I,rjGeagain, ending WitCh a toful oeu pens wrecked, several lWI'a's and midget submarines destre-yed, ilnd general devastation ,of. the bull dings, fuel dumps and loose stores, as well as the base's pnn.9Ip,al dock fllcil'itie,s."
MARIIIIE AIllD NAVY S.aU.A.D'RO/o!S, BORE BRUNT OF AIR CA'MPl\.,IGN

The laps Were f(joncl to' be parking aircraft in revetments situatecI in weeded areas, making foentilicaUon and attack d Ufi~u1J. Enemy shipping in. th~ fiyli.kyus also beC1lme more and more troublesome to locate, as convoys sou:ght -the slu3Her pl'otectlng coves. And on OJcjnawa it'seJi carrier planes and plrpto~ were used till track down JoP strongpoinls.

or

1M ,RYUI(YUS:

All. \VASHEAVV

ov·~1t

JAP-G'ARRISONEiD

NANSE.I

ISLANDS

Restt{tlcd

5

BURNING

JAP

SHIP

GOES

OOWN

OFF

MIVA!<O

ISLA!'!!)

IN

SAK.'SIifIMA

C"ROiJP.

SP.'KIStiJMA'S ARE SOUTHERNMOST

OF

THE "'ANSIE' SMOTO

STRIKES

WERE

NOT

ALL

ONE.WAYI

KA,MIKAZ,£plbOT

DOVE INTO

THIS

NAVY

LST

AT

QKII'"AWA

AND

5,11"'1< IT

AT

PI~R

• REVETTED

AMMUNITION

Bl;IlLOINGS

(LEFT/

PLAZE

AFTER

CARRIER

PLANE

ArrACK

ON K.ONIYA

SEAPLANE

STATION

A'J!' AMI\Ml

0

SHIIIIA

B RITI'illCAflR'Ii<RS

(!ONVIiNCE"D lA1>S IT Wd,S AJ\I 11...1-1El) WAR W!i EN TB E'1( PI..ASTEII'ED

Ali' RI'I ELDS

AND TQWNS

O,N 15I-AND,$: I N Tit IS AlUlA

FIERCEST ATTACKS' WERE AIMED AT THE lAPS' STA:GINGFIELD'S; MANY SUPPORT SORTIES FLOWN
uf the invilr;io\L. The I.luemy was dll''i'n _fll<l.ll~$ from Kyushu in brge numbers, and !nail}' uf these ware caugllt

Hadar mid radio stlltiQIlS, .sh~l'l?illg (e~"pecjally small, l;US, pected suicide craft), nnd mjJjtn:ryhea:iquart!,llB were o!'her
impOl1:anl t;;tr,gets.

CtlFrier-hased pilots: Hew thnussnds of sorties lu support of 'grouud troops 00 Olcinaw,fl.. in une instance a s,maJ'lTidge had htlld up 1:.1 .S. \Toops norfheast @f Sh'W'j 1m over a week. Mnre than 300 men had been killed in aHeml?ls to t!1.i{eth("
po.siHon, and it was decided that close-support bombing Wo.s \the Oll!ly n.lt,emri:tive. The ::,'Upport misslon was brir$ed oareft1\!Y ",:,ith _ablown-up ~,?~Iob;lgrap~ the position, ti!e attack of.

Navy _,pilots, ted hat. all durmg early M ten~cland Aelds m the Ryukyus uy,B_ritishtheatrmen, days seudin ....
'AtUNE B:'lSis,

and destroyed on Hdtl~at Ki"ru HnU Tokuno in, the Amarni group .. Fuel dumps. hDng~rs>shops, and barracks were destroyed throughout the RYUkytlS. and nmwny.n'i7en~ cratered,

on wll,1ch Involved (ioI1S;lderable risk of bomb-overs Into U.S. Hne!i. ThenAv~~gel'S CIlrrle i!l iII p.airs tit 2(1)..\00 feet, hlasliJ]g: enemy dugouts at the brule of the ridge, After the last p,lir mnde their drop, aI,tillery reopened its barrage, and U.S. tmops swarmed aver the ridge which Ihudly was se.eurcd with loss Ollly two men, TMs was good air SUpptut.

or

MANYS'I'RjKES

WERE

FLOWN

J,"", SVPPORT

OF

1.1.5.. C,FlOI.IND TROOPS.

HER!;"

:RoCKET

ATTACKSM:ASIlES

,AT ST'!tONC

POINT

oN

IE SHIMA

MARINE

PILOTS

FLEW

FROM

CAJUUEBS

AND

O'KINAWA

FrELDS

on JUPIlIlJS 1~yukyu air bases llecol;npHshed their lise. An aotion nrpart states: g tnd,-:s against- the Nansei :hot,) aidields .did nllt sueeeed in neutr,ilizhig the Helds FeJr more than Sllctrl pel'iou.s, they did result in destruction of most of the facilities and supply dumps around the Belds, and wrecked many aircraft, tho severely Inlll'I(lerlng the enemy's eRlorts to stage aircraft through these fields ~tgain tour Iorees at Okinawa." _ The nil' ~I<tta,*sop ned the WolY for capture of Okiuawa and its development as -a powerful .S. base for 1\oal blows acgajn$t [apan, In the other Ryukyu islands the Jap~' potentIal air aud waterhurne threats were located and eithru: destroyed 01' SO badly damaged that they could no longer offer an)' serious Ob$'l"d.c1e the Allieii moves toward Tokyo, to
l'IUtC€S

AIR ATTACKS ON RYUKYU ISLANDS MADE POSSIBLE U. S. SEIZURE OF OKINAWA, VITAL PACIFIC BASE "A_lthGll h these atS P'" P

..

..,. on Toktmo island, an enemy plane slilging base

Repealed

IItt"~\eks were made on

JflP

lustallnhnns

Bombs bursl rill Hil"'.JmalrSald. one o~ three J ap fields on Mi)'9ckp Pio,po1n'l bombing Iuiocklltl out enemy's bd4ge's (lr:! Oldnll'''a. island . .Many dummles we~c used her., by OO;e!.!ly. Brltisb and There weTil n !l,1i111!J"11!,lS IlllltQn(1ee" 111 thl;: l'cmptii1:,'T! in which Marinll U-.S, oonier-bQTT!e squndrons alternated lit. l1eut~nli7.il)g bases JI1 ano Navy planes -provided close sU£ItorL llf',ground troops. Targets the Saki;sllimll group. which constituted deflnlte threat to OklnmMlI- 'laded widelylll'ld inelndi;!d Im,y~tacb. SU~l'''(hJtedus ;lmlUlI damps

...

The Voice of Experien.ce
routine lrairullg Bight, natict"u smoke camiDg j[j,[j) !11e t~)~piL from uuder Hit, instr1.1I110ni panel,' He iffimedin(,e}v started nis return t~,base and requr!1illtl
tll'l:lergIDlcy de:LrlmOB

An

1'4['

l)i1ol

(!liS

hours},

whilEi

nn

II

to land.

mg lie CQulJ. lI11l Innke the n",irl I1p d thinking: he dluII't have time to retract his wh'rt'I~. Ihe pilot made it wheelsdowl~IhncHug iii fhe best UI'!i'<!- (J01/(lj1alalli!. The phutll carl.wheeled _Il,pon impact. ~~(']:J]}', the piJn'f re~'(.'[\'t'Gl QJl)y "at )I1Jury. The plane was wcummauded

. Wil&n the pilutchan~ed propell.er pH,ch at ~oo f(,!Q.j otJ thj.' low'I.lwind. leg. ~IIJB eogiue cut out r..'t,mplately. Reilli;>;-

~<UI,rling. ~~proach was made, WheD WIthin glidil:lg range of the field. tl.1C numhor two and tilreeengiJlC's were QuI ami the propellers feufher d, Numher one and fOUT eUWtlE'S were cut and pl'Opellel's feathered just before touchihg down 40d the erash bur wa:; thrOwn off. Tho number two propeller 'i.~as~llt
IHlrm.d

'The :locidel1t bOQ-I.·d ICOOll1ll1('nded rhnt pilou be warned to maintaln StI·fIi('i~nt uJr1!.ude It) liuJU'I'l' IWing. able to make I'h!! runway at nil times whi[{~ circlhl_& n uCJid for .u'i el_lllcr_g;l'lICV' landiog. They ;;1150 pniut¢d Nlll th..t ir th",rf>
~~ insulliclont time to mise wll'~els be-

rur

SiT ilee,

~t.Lrh/}nrcJmmn lll:ndiug g~'.ar. The le£~
tbe nose wheel' settJeutQ lil£' runwa ~lJ~d plane wu,~ held s(,raight by use the of rudder and _good tigllt bra;ke. The 1}I.hwe hq£l rolled 15!!{1feel und was l:QfIside-ra Illy slowed down before the lefthe WIlS still :\\Jk· -at thls rune to maintain his h(!utiing with the ri"ht brake. FiuaUy, the :lM_crafl turned slowly left twd eame to Lest 50 feet off ~he t'l!tlway and ~O- d~g(ee$ £rom its ori¢ilwl heau:i\ll'!:_ The clarnngc[-o Ilte airC'-t·ahell1.15(Jo Ly the landing WILS H~l[ttivelylight. The hottom of the ~usel"l~e ~tl.S Ntlshed !'r(JJ11 station G,a to 'lA, the port w'ing tip WIIS sprung and the number one propenl;!t tip~ Were' herl!', There were no ju jlltles to personnel, .Co-mment--Admittcdly less -damage wiH
wing was lleM up with ~he ailerous as

da)tgel'olls 10 the erew. Th.is was clue l'tJ the twt that 11 W(t!! nearest to the fl1!1~htg~ the no-wheel I>icle;_partic011 liliIrly lliing('I''I'lu5 in thi!!'cll~e heM-use P?rt rropeJLcrs_ dncro their direotlon 01' totflt~(iIl1,b ve a tendency to ~wnJIt' into the f-u~elilge' when damn,ged. Tile ll;.I'ptunt: settled SfIl(loJJlly OIl the

fi:rst her'<lllse

H

was

eenslderad

most

il'lre 1;ll1clln~ in loose soil, least should Ire ul'lra{;ked.
d~!i"I1"
again,

wheels

at

,~Gr-amPilw PettibcJJlt! '''l'S~ 'IIIl,;) B"tt~r re:aarhol;e two ri>col'l,1men-

the !tilt laJ1lling g'l-'ar, TIll' phl! II' rem,tlued u.irbllrn~ UJ'lrm bfling untiBBo llf the 'RcQidenl. tlle squadron eemmaudee illlTia>diate.iy p,'Oceed~d to the tower and took chruge 01 the fi4(h~ Durlug the next two hllUl'il. the jnllowiJ'g ptecHn.Li9l1:luy meusures
won' lakE'.L\ ill prepuration I'M the two-

wing Up tClucbeel, The pilut reported

.._lw"y'J; Su m,uo;h. better than action "f~r th ... fu .. e.aJ~

i.9 0_[,0 '111 impQfl-lInt lU!i.!!on (0. op~r!!til1~ uu:1I1$ i'n. d. is. accident, It occurred !.('C'QU!Ul !h" ahplane. _&, rnlst<l kun i)' scheduled to fly 1>h e.r it ll!!!d been "'g~!)und,. ,,8'/ fnJlowin'g' tbe lasT tlighl. MiJl:ht T SUg_gt'n you cheek tu ill,,;urr this cQuidn',1 M,Ppeo in yonI' outfit. A pr""e.nriv(, eh ..clc :ill

Th..... "

Th,,),

c(>nt .. in

good advice,

\lilll~cl W}1 ditlg: u. 'rlt C' Iiiql1111le pro ec erle d ewe r th e B:nglish Channel, disltjllct' [-2 miles, to jel.tiilnl1 all l)vroLe{!hill(;:$ ami fln1munili'on, ' -

,di,9,~i:plin;lt~

b: Hig!:l pnwer .lIl\luings were u~ecllm nIl ~Iginei>to i"Ut:!tl!il1:l ~ilt'!! load. '&1'proximntely 400 gallons Tema.inf'd UP')]]
[;UHliug., c.

LiberatDr Emerg,ency ,L,anding
1\ . tW~Hyhllel emergency !undb]g re('entl,v 1Illide in II r~IHlwas so 1>'U't:ceSliFu! that 111,,, cl!lti.liL~ nre he-rnl;!: disseminated

B piluL While uukiu'" Il ppw~r-oll I_anillng approach, the pb,n-e hIt ~1 strong down draft. FilII pt~wer wm; nplllieJ imm~ditltf'k htlt the ail'· ('raft stnn:k a !Hulgernw ~nd sheared ntt

I[Uallii(;'nUfll'l Bight.

for rulQl'lLlRlioJ', 11w C:l-ll(lr,gel1cy arose during

bnmb bays. (', The hydnJul1c lilfl% to l1'1c W,rt brakes were broken arl!J sealed oIT, tu reduce the fir~ btlVu'd. f. TIlE' I:'tml f>1g'\rt gages we.r(l dl'nW(lu and sealed off, hi reeluee the (ire h:rzt\l·d, Note; AIUJ(llI~i not- rnentloned in thls rq;Jvrt,_ tw'.u'. u~he-r s.til;ety m~:IliUfes for l'edlJcflUJa,01 we hazard d 1J11llg forced! hurling ~re lis-ted in the vn~\"-2 Pilot's Hund 'Bm~k: 1. Turn ~"fF wiug eempnrtTI1cutdrtlln line, and 2. Use [LuxiHmV hydr:wltC' illl('tsler P!DJ1-P to lower th-e la-ndilJg gear lind Haps anft 10 diarg:e Uw br,!l."£: ~lLlt'llrtlnhl.tnrs; thall tUTTI oEt hl.'lfore cOnt<lct. Aftilll" precautiollary me!lJlU res h~d bee:, ool11pletel\, Ult' o:lrew (pok ditdiing sill tlfl:nl> aIrel bJ'Uced themsel'wlls, l\

hUlehes were remlil"ccl am!
th

d. The pilots' e~!;aI'1.'l -hatCl:h~mt1 , v aist
stowed

An

IDOSH

.gearwas

lr_\511ed d!1l'w{I,

in

r~llit to a Llbl!rlllm' in n -~u",CMsfuf IWQ· .... be-el landing than in a be.lty JlInding. 'Ibey are nut r'ecoll'U'ncndrd f-bt' all type p[an~. how\,ver. pmrtieuJadjt hot for ~m:llJee plll_tl ei .... llch are \l p r to ~Wl!l"'i'e. III ore f

sh;nply a-nd. tum ovel" more' readily_ Bl!tte'r Pii10! ~echnique !i> tequir,ed_ for Ihi~ type landing rhan fa.r -a belly ~ di-llg. .... AI&o, B lIluclt IQtlg.~~ runway is n,eI!ded and _11.a~g_e clear aeea mlU' bll ",,,gil,able on the l -ao wheel side. the -rid.. 10 whidt the l'lane

wUl ~I"OlrV"-~Itho u gh this; Ilitplane came to <'e51 only;';O f.... e.io{f the .un ...."y, other~ :not q,uire so 8U ctesll!I1J b,,'ve -Pur 5[0 p p.ed ut:ltiJ many limCli d,1!l_distance from tlle runway.

Glad 1:0 be Aba,aJld,
(1-

d#rhltd

Cn'W11101'l-rom f pflf/frJl r}lmIfJ: ,~('fd)nhfe to
()f(~

"eelc/-! tli(1 dedi.

rfJ/iCllfl9fJhman,n;e.

ti.J~Ile(,1erewmt!n

NUl'1I ,al rtfI:()Tr fJ 11/ 'flf 11l1?11' j'.t/ b blft' life Tttfl I,l), tIle ¥I«t3 uf1ila: xubm«lins, iln ;/ji;~!I'e,~c!1e. flnc/ .QIIWf"!i liluJ Ii, Noqy s:ubm(lfl~~,v pick Ill" c/ou;ne:d 'airmOR 1I)1fl~inlJighr Of lap cou,t.

ot

Ihe:

TJif!,i?tl(jl;

RarBh6llrl 1wlIl

10

Face Saver
"l'[ie pilcJ~ of au 1'61' ""-itS onan aulh9" riud J:amilirtl"i:.mtiQICl tUgbt, Flraelicillg touch nnd go hntdin,gs. On the tbitd ap" prrn1~h tie allowed tlw plano to settle ill rhe groove. with the result that the left :wing struck a cle.ml tree whiG!b hall EScaped hieS nuti:(Je. The plane struck the ground. in. " nese-dcwu attitude. The: pilot~:>. ~ad hit the sia'fbOllrd m}~\kh pit lIgbt and mlorophone- holder, which are well forward iu the rocl:pit. cimslllg ...ery SeriOI}!;! head and h.ce iujllrie'S. , .lnvestigatlon revealed fuRL the- pilot tiki not n,n'e his .\ihi:I\~ldtlr s:1taps IOONed ~ CQm,n£;;!t'_A~ide frOID the poor lan"-

UJ a t P not el'l'Of ill this Cl1.~C resulred from unfamiliarity ,vith, this lad and ea ILlrjeU hlin to sllLrt Lis ttttn befor.e havi')gshi'lwed down sufFrciElJlfly" ~ COI7U1r!!1Ij-All pilQt1I" dumld be familiar
opil'iitJrt with tl),e ehaHg~- in opel'ru:ing clmra.ctH. Isri"",,£ aiterafl wlwn ,using high "ilaud"

6e1d.~ .• stall b..igh~~ s'p"ds ,;I., lift decreases; therefore, increased speeds are: 1:£. quired to 'm>1lntwn fligtu • Tbi~ ;s one phc.e. YOLl3~t a lucky 'break. ho"",,,"",,r', because you do not h",ve to fi~.
rAgrtl1!sivcly

AjrifeO'eas~lI!' in d~Ullily with th"fer'Ore ..,ing,. give progressivdy a, aldiudc in <:l'1l'I SI'S. Airca:ah

wm

aJtilude; less lift

!lIQ

ure. cut

ingc tee h.. iqw" lnl(olved. thiS CA"" illus< Ir":t~ .. erne-thud of '<11( ,,"ulihn:1on j.IDI ~bOLl! all ~n"dl!P' IU hll ..... ki.. · i. Tbi~. is .not an l501,u"d casu. Duriflg tho!
past few momhs. there were 13 ta~",o!T "(lnd /"n,d;"'g :tci;idet!.1)s ""'podo:d On l(hlCh pilots or ..rcwn:um h...,d their sIlQ..lder.
hllf'''rM'q~

do thiS .ouIQI!,'!(jC,",Uv., UlI' 'reason being I.hat thel' '"''' ac:un,ed liy
the- S1UIle density ,,[ :JIr as. that IVhl~h givCli iJl~ plane IifL In (uber words, r!ik~. off -and, lancii'og speed -as I'cgistered 00 lh.", 'li""pe.eij lndl,,,n:.or will be 111ft sasne, no. tn'ilaer ",b:lI th~ lIlti urd I! <I f then eI d.

Ait'spe.OO ind;~t~rlfc

!how IlUICA ~t;rll

sueed

is n~eded.

minor injuries. N,,,·y 9',o.uld~,. harnl'S§"I' aee design,,<!, ID »erm.it ,body mo"~m"!'Q~ l1«ow,;g:r)" to oper""" all cOl1trols. 'iI'Od -a 1.0 for' comfort. KIm.... '" IIo.e tI." lock Ie vor' is J.,,~"too, US" it fQr ",II for'cc:d laBdi!tg.!l <'lad fi~rd or """rtier Jake,olb and lllnding". and kAla! it locked uncil the Jom:ding oe rnklH)jf is I!ompl"ted.
rW,1)

aol:'!a 'flts tuuil eel

bl#itklcd

bllt
fN,

j[lju~jes

ami

l(>ckct/. 11IIl.!ie on" ,de;a th. I0 sed OUs
/I(l'

Watch T.hof Airspeed
'HIJS

'ha'P.IJl$l'lcd

lQhCIJ

.~fmJl l!Jiill.(' 11W't;i.ithrg.
ill_g aprt{)(Jcj,.

" SI rlt1tmt got «)II slit'S rlur1j/Lg II bl/]d~

Altifude Tip
Ieet ele,'ation. AJtur a run-out, ~)f i!)iII length, he rmlucked Iris tail wheel und startlid ,to tum off the runway, tIc s(UJ had 80 mueh speed on, however, !hat he started to gL'QlI1!aJoop and ended by IlOSUj'g over. " The- h'V(!Stig-llli'l~ Board Iloinled unt lhat wter lal1dlilg liPted~ are 'experi~ClLllI:'U nt alLllude. T]K~Y were of I+re

.good 11'lJld1u.g

A viSIting pilot

(450'

III an I"BF

t~l jJ. field Q'f

lH1llrs) made

a

6u'O~ nor-

WIT Duty
UpC·),1 rel.~II·Hlllg lrem II gunnery train:inK lligbt un For r-lIot (.no htlll1'~) wus picked '.'11 hI' the t;ati djrectorrm thf" edge G>r the p3J'khlg lip.fUli. Shqrtly he wa~ pH5sed. to t±ie next stgnah.-mn. The pi1nt tells wh~,~ happened ne.'<l. "D~re to the faet that rhW6 ""~'e. ct Llit.p It Jew men standing in the "10 idJ:lity. T had g01l1E! uilJi-eLllty phMug nat !he> second signahmm. When J' did Rpnt [tirn, he was givin,g me a lefl mdd('1 !lignul wIlidl 1 tlheYlld Iml'r~edi'lld::. 1'h:ls t!Jrtu:oc] my plane ,lIld enabled I'I~ [u see :it. (;Jj dlreeth' in mv pilth. '"1 was teo dose to the err 1;0 mh:~ it by &imply cenli!1uJng my I1Jm ('I) h\. en:;)" nlwlie~fitln of h~II\:-es-~n I pllUerl thJd:, stiCk bll.llk in my lap·unci !£ave h:ud hrakEt on Doth wheels. 1 missed thE'
C;H. Iml

GRAMPAW'S
. SAFETY QUIZ
A'Ll. iWU'fOll$ 8We:t\l'

~f1.~

ltVif'"

:make aUowIU'Ict< lv~ .howe~"r, ;;.'lUfai Y;,QUf gToWld ,peed p-rl,lg.rwlveJy incr:"n.~~ I, altitud" .• Tbi.s; oer::e.ritat.,. a Ienger (,,!.ie-off I'UII til build lip to firing S:PMd aud IIlso ~ r"J1:gW run-out a1~er l;uuiing. It a/:so means y.ou. '1J31'J1 n:OI take·off'· a~ heavily Ieaded at olI1dtude as at sea level, Tesis 11ave 5boWIl ilia.!: a,pp~Qlffln~"Ii>.ly 1PI!"C.m1 lon.~et' lake-uff 'run is required {O[,,(tcl! lOOO-~oot lnerea81.'1 above 'Sea level, Since dc:nrul¥ of al~ lJlfll: 1): a.lIod',;d by tmo·ll.mlfr.rr· ... a 'VbI'd oj ....ai'uin.it Oil tltis I!UbJc(!! -..IS!) is in order. The h]g.bl!1" lUll tam P e ...ature, the [e$S d il.nsc< thl> .alr, with the same '1tEea on au,speed: m"tcr ·r\llndi.ng~ lItLd 'Qpemtilig cbMacrerini,.a as th,Qje d!:c· serlb"d fo~ hi'ghcr ~lEillld~, "pl!~im ..teIy 1 'percent .longH Ul~-OJi rU", ib ~"Qujt"d (Dr each. 10 C rt~ in rempernture abo,,!: !l€trnxal. M"Qr,lI\,;,J. u fll.mplll;'3hU' .. ,i. 15"C. r For infurmatio]J, official ,!ljght cb.ar-:l~' terisli<'$ of ~;I,il'C',,:nlt are '!lIwl1~ bas~ on ~C';I ley . ,1 aod 15" C iii.. temp~r~lurH.

TIle (bing

YOll

do' hll\!e to ,know and

",It

Hie Robbed Himself
pilot eKptl'ienced engine feet d!lfing a .routine [erry lligl,l. He chose .J1: nearby Add .lnt! liutlirlRd that be IVIlS Milking a wheels-up landing. Vptm iUlr~ct the 5eiI t t on~ luo~e' from Its n,JOlin tmg allowing the pilo.ttl:l be thrown fOl'\vanL l'(}SU tting ill fatali"lliuries. S;ub'ic;'''J,.umt ll,v:estigatiOJI of the coe-k fit revealed that Uw lGlcking pins holt.1htg the setit In p1.IC~ had not ooell pr.operJy secilred. Fll"tthBT, it was determined by testimony that the pilot h8d been ii1 Hn.' 1111 it of ~eIl,J,O\r1i1 th e se b g pins in. order ~o S.tow his iu_gg"ge b-ef'dC-1

Ihe trBtUJ!tlJ fill' fmtk.f!i'JrlJlng,_mll)j 1lrrwc Jilj (}J if !i0tl l1'i "Its at! all ~lJ)£rn I~ the grofmcl. pr:tltJ!l.ze !I(Jil.l~€ll by Inll/...fiig lip· Ow rp'{ertmt·p; I. If your n.orma;1 'StaI!ing 1'1?<1ed iJ,
92 knOts, wh"'l 'would b~ yOl.jt ,app.l'Oxlmat" stalling 'Speed' in a rum, lIsilll'l: 50~ bW'lk;? . 2. WJ,."n YOll I>.l't' '1'~lIing 'In antibla.ckout suit, why js there more

to thrm' qu"~tfoll$. In tbe ats,

~Ilfmld 1(nnm the ,n}.

An failure

til

~QOO

"'11lli accident was no fauh of !he sign_ulmU1l, hut my neg· ligencft in nilt pinking him up in tUne. '"
The A<l"idfllit HuW'd \\I<lSil1 cnm.p.lete

my

pIlUle w~nt

on its I1Nse, QaHsed throll!!;h
IIp

agreement with tho pilot that the catlse of the ac(:ldt:',I1t Was enffrely due to lwgligent'lil ill (Jnllt.itmin~ to p<lxi when the Si~o:UlIlan could nr£be S.,.el1.. The ]3.OI.tnl was 0'( (he opirtiQll tfml t11~ dillcipJinary actin., :takell in this I;(l.~e Wl?tllr] gi\'e the pilot sllffieitlJ"i:t experienceto clualify :as a Safe Tl1xi 1'1lot. Ptmishm~nt. cOlls.i$te{l ('If OOl' weeKS \~ (Walc.11 Thrun TflXi) DuLy, to hi? ~t'ol'}cl at tIl e edge of the taxi apron.

danger"C crah? 1. Fo~

o,verstllwing

yOUl'

air-

.ni~

ptn:l'Ics. eqlllppe.d with a"y f}'P" ooruNltll ~p ceil pr.op e!Ji.·r. ...hdt :is the ~ecQrom'en:d~d lWUIitold pressure dlldng. pr,ol'mged dI"es? 4. Mm.ilnJUm: altitutl,e for ~crob3t.it;;'. over c-ongesmd ace'''' iso 4.000

hin(l the seat.

nUll

tG

Ih~ inocmvoruell'ce

1"el. True'- or false? J. Why f& it d'a .. geton~
(Answers

to

bank

du6ng. a dive plIll.oUIT .on paJ:,e. 4())

I'll r('l.pl:iCiog, the pirlS securely. Il[lparen~l)' he ha'd lleen pulting them ,in just lar tmll)ugh 10 hold the seal in place. \i\!hj::n the lJirpJ!lUC hm.<Jed Wheels-up on the .~()ft grautJd, the deceierntil)l1 was ~um,eiaut ·10 calise these pins to give 'w:fiy Itnd rob tIle "pilot oJ the 'V.ery slllJport ~hat wQuld have saved his life.
ll&trjctcrl

12

F'IILURE

TO fiT

MAE

WEST

PROPERLY

RESU1.TS

IN POOR

ElUOYANCY

AND. LJIKE THIS,

MAY LOWER NOSE Alii»

MOUTH

UNDERWATER

Dunking in the Drink With, All Survival Gear Reveals Common flaws in Faulty Ditch Routine
vi al-v ille nren liv> longer than slIrvival-igllur:aut, ::-lAS_p '~G()[_A. r eentlv S t 'lP a controlled experiment In ol'de~ to estabHslr! a reliabl(l instJ!llt'-

O

"fmA'ffNG

on

t1_lC

tbevTY that

sur-

lioruU pl'ogram in cockpit escape 3n,d us of survival gear. The experinlt'{lt actually hecame a hilarirms contest. .A gmllp of S!l raan, tnoroughly Indoctrinatcd in survival proeednres, l'irit~

pitted ag$st a group of 5_0 men who. though provlded with the same equipment, never' had oeM to1d what fo do with It. The C(llltesl was stag_ed in a S\vlnlmlng PQC)l. Eaoh of the men was givell: Summer BigHt suit, Iae West charged witil co"- -'artridges, se.lt ty.p~ parachute with pararaft, and back pad etluipment puck. The men were instructed to don all gear, to simulate taking 11 plane out and ditehlng it "two or three lmnch:ed; miles at sea," uud to use all gear to the fullest extent of their knowledge. 0:1' mgenurty as the esse might be. . All work undertaken in the water

WIJS

heeked

by an underwarer ob-

'server -and u milo on the side of lhe

pool. Dunked pilot$ Were not permltted to eommunieate with each other before or after the "lids". Result s were fuscinal:iQg. Instructed men proveliJ about Iili percent more efIkient in l:nQwled_ge and use tlE ear, -ninstruoted men fumbl~rl th:rQugt,> a large percentage would have been killed bad theditching been real, TIler!;! was many tI M.ul'kle at the iinpromp_1ru pl'oeeclwe;s employed. But valuable training -p0int(ll:S wer..e revealed. ,\t the end each clny's tests all hands hud m:f-stn.ke'S f'iph-lined and technlques desoribed.

anu

or

\4'/tTEI~ IJI~VI\'/~1. I)I~OVI:SI~Sil~lJ (!il()l~ I'AYS OFI; S TEST I
o
Filfrtt

iit

~nll~1 ill T

t~*1
UJIliIlIf31!r

o

ttli
.ilY~

itttttttt*
tAtt*t_t*t
o
eemilibQA

o

j
8elm CI!<Ill9irpr~~ .fislf~e. U '

tAittltttt ittiii-IAil
tiel! StriP fret

o o

tiit
For fit

tttti*iit~

i
o

let SII.p "14

o

tR
D~htt

o

iitl

C~[~(m ~clji1

o o
lrl Un~IJ\ii1~!

t ""
14

U~liNmUCTED

Trained

'Crews Survive

Nicely

But I,mpromptu DJfch,ersSf.age

Clambake

Fo IUe5 in Test Drilll
con-

T

aECO~iJ.:;':lI" 01 errors provided by 50 -Ullt;t;'ti'l1ec1 Ulfll1 Iu this s urvi val tes I

wouldn't

be lmIusing underactual

(IiUoru;" Flll,grauL bODe'$:
.@w),

l"_t\W 'cl:Ieekecl

-b-!l.Ilgcd ilf'~'I!Js on fllselage sectlon.

40 surlnced where or plane wouJd h.we been. and seven, who in1il:oted M;)~ Webi' ulIQm Witler, a<',ltuillv

sputwr

belt. ~ Most, in grlla~ hnste, mode ,slaal1@w exit, s\vimming :fmtn CilC)lJkpit atld snugging gelu'. HI.!!iI-1lttlutpanit: caused great
llil(l S'iVu]JtlWjng'

e!lTtl'ttlges or lUll a.ny. Not Illlf' !;.'tmi:liliOlI of laaruess or surety

flv~ men BtI-ed ~heil' Mae Wests, J:lllrt,~,. S"OIlH! pUUB_Q. tfilggJes and fOl.lild thnt!':o, hHd escaped lltrOl~gh,Ol~ II Vil1v;c; lhat they lind deoiL

co-eckf'tl

uJ

~ Qver

W-:l.Ilw:. 1'<111.

EVClythlng

RIG

',H-.' 'T·,·
.

This nurn ~u...ed tt.ll h.1~ egurpm.lil.rrt. secuned it- to tbe. raft ill~hip-. shape fa~hio_fJso tlmt it can l)~ I:>'Q,\'f)t<!c wftll ptmu~':lw.old)'. is witliin fQiJ.lih om] Ile 'is wdl pmteckd lignin's{ all type:; uf weather

WA.Y,. '

'

~ Few

water, Thirty-ave stayed thaf way and hnd to 10110 Bslred OIJt. ~.MarlY utrned inButIDn vaJl'e uu raIl co" bottle the wnlng W:W, losthandle, ~.l:-ln1r tIle q"en threw a\vay dnxte lind back pad kit: Olily 16' kepi rnft' ease C0i1r taining dye marker, ste., and only ~n secured My gear 1'0 t~e n~[t. ~ On De i11 to e l'<lft <111 men bail~cl like mad, c(lngjd~ring I:his more jmpmt.m!
(11M

gear, surfaeed lmuo'ms up, head umlol'

realized

f]otatfun qmuities

I"Il

sa vin'g

~O{ld Illl~

wa tl''r .

Gla:r.inglf, the eoutesl revenled the !.he druJgers of igO,(,mant' > of stlwiva 1 pmeedure; 'Pointed ur' -hnpllttrlflt thmg~

tu stress in 'a goudin.stEud:ianaJ

,progrl1m.

STR.EAIII OF A.DYECTED FO'G fi.OW~

IN"TloIII QUCH GOLDEN

GATE ON SUM ME~

AFTEIIN'ODNS:

1111<1 E TOWERSI'! DG

ROTRU DE Til IiOUG)t

FoG

from

tooo

In 51)ilOleet

presents

HU

Hec-

ttl !light Fprincipal impedime.UL mouths in operations dming summer the
elt:

Oft 1"IlIW5P'.iI:us elouds are lite

and August It .stream of fog flows through GoldRIl CJlte almost every <l,ftem(JOu aeress San Fi'MQi$e0 Bav toward the Berkeley hills. There it cll,1des, .£lowing n rth and south 3,]Ol}g the base of the hills. Es-sentlally the. same. fag and low stratus clouds di.£Fer ollly in elevation
It }"W stratus overal highe~ elevaJ:ians. Advection fog forms when mcisrafr flow. over a colder surface and is cool~d t its- dewpoin . C ,.,ditio'l'lsalong lhe N'olthem CalJIomia coast are p!lI'Lia-

Nertharn

GaliIorntit area. D.urhtg July

(AVU Can Become Ceiling Zero WithIn Thirty Minutes
water tooo miles farther nerth, Prevailing we5terfy winds bring warmer, moisture-l den air across the coatal cold water belt, A wanner layer of P-iT Heady 1l1ways exists at an altitnde of from SilQ to ~OQ feet. efi'eptively preventiug the- uppe:r pertion of fog or stratus douds ftom reaching above that height.

cloud«. While the flay area may be CBmple~el} overcast or fugb und due to ndveetinn conditions, the Sllcrll.m~to and San Joaguin valleys to the east are n~uany nnaflected, In tha winter season Sail Francisco Buy is almost fIee of advection Io!". On clear, cold n'ighls. however. sheltered vnJleY;<iwill frequently be blanketed in early momiJJg hours with a lhin layer. seldom more Lh~n 500 feet, of radialion fog caused by cooling 0f the earth at night. ThiS' usually clears tWQ on threi' haurs after sunrise,

I'h-e bn~der to !.he fog or IQw stratus

San Francisco Bay

nho\1e the ground. In the hills around

cast becomes fog

veered fog in SUll1H1er months beoanse of the presence of a rrarrnw belt of cold coastal waters created hy upwelling ocean cnrrents. Even in summer. water off San Francisoo is oolder thaD ceastal 16

ulaTly fay re ble ful' Iennation

of ad-

ajar heatillg Illil), dUisfpnte fog 0)" TIAJ)1ATJONCOO1ing in the San Joaquin stratus ill Iorenoon or early a:f~emoon L\_ and Sacramento valleys ~t ntg1H iF ilia layer Js not loo thiok. Foggy OCC!l.si r1 It UY ell uses :r<t dill tion '[!JIg dunn.g. o cooditions mlly continue all dny if the winter that may -eentinue fer several layer is more than 1000 feet thick. days. S~nce the BII. area usually 11.''1..'1 Fog fl.o\\"tng in through the GrlIaen contact ,veatber at that time Goa,~tal Gate in ummer months occasionally operatiens will not require- the nvailreaches around the Bavtn the OAKI..ANil abiJjty of alternate landing fi.ekls. aU"('lort and - AS ALA.\<teDA and .may Pilots g¢>ing to the San Francisco cause a change from CAVU to ceiling Bay area for the first time should tudy zero in from 20 10 ,:1Il minutes, Chl\pters 1'1 and 1!1 in Aerology for filets The eo:1'st n,mge wtth elevations of aru]. Aerology Series "Number S-F0Q.R~$frjcted

Navy Wings Naw Probationary
Incflg,,'~ Revoked for "o-~Ilght Dufle$

pliot bure

Th Secretary of the _ avy has approved a ha ge in WeRr1ng of t ava) Aviation illloigllia so that the right to w ar them is made prl:)bationru'y fQf B months after 6rl>t designation. If, during thlJl period, a corn-

The

over

nurse is

raissioaed

!lying, hili ur her right to wear the aviation insigne mny btl revoked by

officeJ", wan-an offi~e)' or separated !i'om dilly irJ'i'olvfllg:

iug also appJje [0 eullsted personnel desiunated as ~ aval iabien pilubs. lu. a Wh03l"C the right to wear wings ha been revoked. the h~dividu~~1-.wnot wear l'h(lrll 11.11li1 such time us e he returns to duty involving Hying or dguin is nntlmrized by Chief of Xnvlli Pers(lnnei to UO so.

the Chief

r ~a,,(ll

Personnel. ThiS rul-

trick

Boxed in by hills, the Jap crashed into the side of it dill. The ('nil'" made a 18()~ turn and wen horne, n the wav buck, its erew downed another Jake, Ih.is time using a few bullets In de the

\ ere ()Ill»' a few feet above the gttlUuti. The big plan drove th [ak» up It small "a.J1I:y aud elosed to gWl ntnge,

wlth the Navy pilot he. ding of! rll Jap aoh time be tried to turn. Soon lbl;'Y

uud twa

planes lure

t!IJWlJ Oil file Ju.~, \~11O nosed tried to eseape til one side. ~lCJ:OSS

the

isJancl,

hlIlU~t1 aJong:>idc berul'~ the }'[lItillf'f had enrne tv a complete stop, Crew Ulcll;llJer:l had ImJlw.u uu t their life mIls but were pulled aboard lJtiickly and the rescue 1 lane too ()II befere the J;>L1emy tanker ould get close enough to
pla II were injlltecl.
Photo-flash Bombs

fIre u shot. Only Iour rtlernbers of the

Marine Bombers frusfrate
Stllpe'y

Japs

The- .Enemy

PBM in fast Rescue· off Korea
establish d by II N vy paM whioh picked uptln' crew of another Marlnf!f' within sight ~)f [npauese-held KflrellTl ~11rwesVilhile OLI tt hunt fcrr cfietnyshippjll$!, to attaek,

Picks liP Crew of 1'lalle I'm by Jg, FI,.e A ne-ar-rcenru Ior ,,-peed), rescues wus

$ipping ntnunu the Bonin and Volcano Islands wanted rliot(lgrnphic eviden I'! or destruotisn, so Ihey carried along some of the n (s speCial photo-Ilesh bombs .alla >~yn(iI;I'Q,n:zed. camera \\'ith a them. .

A MaNne' bomber s-quadrull. u:lsigned tu low-level rocket attacks on JIII,anBs6

The f1i rs SWt)()P d in on the ships-. fired their .toolets, then dropped the bombs, Jap gunners 00 rille ships
add-om

,Navy Sets Up An Ai,r Test Cen.er
of the
N'AS Pcdulrenf IHver Is SUe Of AotJv.ltr Doer all IJrder is-sued Itom the Office

o

slble fo)' tile £UIlCtiOIl!1 of aviation test activities now under N~ r 'I' XE:'\"T RlVE.R,Ul1d other .functions hereaFtei' established and seecifically assigned to him. The. director of each last aot:ivitv \~ill report te the Commander, 1A v ~I
.... 'l'lEST m
QE;'I.o"TB.R.

AL AlR 'llEST eEl'IITER l'.U'UXE~'" nlYE", Ml)., was established at NA I' T :l$NT Rl\'E1L The Commander !\AV.H. AIR "T'ES'r CrilNTRil. wiIllJe res[ u-

., ."A

eeretary

011

[nne

}I;.

ln~.

the

The clt1rin.es £lgmed it was ab()t]t 20 minutes aft r the planes left before hombil1~ run with one cnC!ine. then fl1lade a f re:ed liUltlfl)l! to miles off~h{lj1e. the [aps were lib] to see well enough to do anything, let alone retalihte, trs sister place, sD0i11_g the iuciden],

the eo ·k,.,ft. stopped one .ngine ana damug d, the other. Til dam.'gud pluna eornplete J its

punel, shattered

by (illliairC)'aFt From 1\11 crmmy lanker w1lil;h it was slnl.Gng. Shells knocked !lllt lhc llOW llJl'rel arrd the bombing

The first Milritl(lr was hit repe<1!edJ1

Mashies ,soon found out wh)'.
piek
out

were

sble

to

sllont.

11w

had their eyes wlde npoo' trying to the photo-Bnsh b rnb explod!ld-500 •• OQO,OOO i.!Ilndlepowe.. iII aaeh bomb.
planes in the dnJ'kness. Then

The Japs, with their fates tlprumed.

and Taci1ities for udministrallv IIJIL\ .vIDor services on the sta#on, Th OHic I' in Charge, WEUS'I'ER FrELoU, also will Hlp rl to lhe O)frlUlallder, .'.W,u.
A'ttl '1"EST CENTEm"

\vill provide

olllrnanwug Offieer. \5 P.ATUXENT JI!VE", will H!port to the Commander. N v,u. AlB "'1'5'1' '!o.'TER and

I'll

and matntata

personnel

The

NAVAL

AUi

TEST

CEN:TJ';l:t

tHltiVlt)'
0:-'1

tllt> POl"O\(.~C R1Vlilll N t\VAl, nutlet BuAers teohnicnl ecotrol,
I~[

is an

Bags Jap Without Firing a Shot
A ".1 P:64Y sesreh plnne ran om n nuu destro red a [ap Hlke-single-en!iring a shot. The plane was r llIrllmg fr'illn I, Rio'ht oil llrte Clrintl. coast when the Jap Wits splQd Ilve miles ahead nud '\1os~ng his \J)nne down, the Navy
P84Y

Cha.es

Jrllce Up One-Woy

Conyoo

gli1ed eaphw,

over Luzon .,iilh?lIt

below.

rfln~ Oil a sllrveyed s)l2c 011 tlte nl'l1lJ tOr-ket rtmge (II NAVAl, WA'TI!:H,may he seen two ,~ul:1'Daliher (lircmfi rockets 111 mid<lir. Flrltl_g of tlte.l~ !lCAR's is (j !H!W dfltid~pmr.lfll at tr/lilting n(lval pfJTMJnlle/ ill 1'/1GHicf UpCt:rli"!(ln.y, ShldtnM i'Jl (lV/allan ol'dtlfl:11t;6 rifFr.ets tohcor alld tUlullflcetl auijj.jil111 I)rrifl,mrC:6CilooZ. before Ilu;:!, ~l'od1Jtid1o, have do assemble, loar) and frr;e a. rockt!t n
ZIPPINC OFF

tile IllrHlclllng

AIR cnno.')\I"IDI

S SCUOOI~, YRt,LClW

17

I

PUllICAT,IONS
L...

_.~

I

Busses Display Dilbert
'Cher,ry

Posters
II! Rad

foint

MarinesPII'

Him

M('..... Cmmm: Pmx.r-DilIJeil't .I\S posters culling attention lo v~U'itll1~ woes "lind weaknesses of -pilots have been put to a
Hew use

S+dchn He,,'!S New Picture In"tllllte HecugnJti()(l lor .Navy pI1Htograpiwts' work" both under fir!,! and on m;s;guruents in quietel' Jocal~sj\"i,1J be given

Navy Plnns Awards for'Photos

-rh",

.;mrl Techl1iC,'l1 Ortler~

1'"lImvillg Fligh! Safety Bulletins, Aviati(m Cll'cu!ar LetJ(;!Cf;" Ttft.'hllit'lll NolljS 1945.

hy

tbe

~I~'UU

~IAHI~1f

MR-

through

the

newly-creared

KAVY f'f10TO-

'S!!1{)e1 } uly

reqlle£t io Pliblictll;iollS Brnndl Aeronautics.
• 12·,15 FUQMT SAFETY

hay .. hl:l(,fi iwsued CQ pi.es are IIvailable. 11
I,

Bllre1;lu

or

(;IUI"T WIN", Iu C()1ll16ClilJlJ \vflh its ~arety pr:pgnun, Tht') hllve been inill'flnecl in ~he po"Js:ttt racks OJ1. all .BOQ and FIif1'rs' Special, busses operating IlrlJll!1ld til", base, Dill I~'rr" presence ill,

BULLE1'INS

/(1I41";,timI~ ,," IU,,j'1J1- Alr"r/f.,

Il""$
'.

Atl,,~h,I;I""1 1)t f'{fT\ld"I'~ 11"nk'~ 0111'/,111 rVat"" LU!ld,n,ll'"
A'V!A~'ON C/M$ CIRCUL,Q,FtlETTERS

,~m:f"fI.

.

.,./1)

I 'YR

~t"!, ~
•• ~~ i't<""~
77, 4~

});';R

fI,&,!"r1'iIlt o .-Jjrt't'lift CII,~s"fiNFII:'" "f V,1,l',,' .'~.;~l'."fl M"ulr," I~qnu 11.'1'1 (.}tT~.... '~alul A-lItn"~MM .,..l"twl"'~ ..... M"r~i''If 1,)1 fiMlHh,jjfr$ Wllh' $1rf/l1.,j/

7'''''U
~IJ,'

.1,...."I,ftP I!J'IS~ ("-1""'4"'1',.-, ,o:h
ul.
(,,J(i,iM L,.,,/ Im,''''fr(tU'l1 Lflv

f'I/'i"" ~J ~I,,~J,,-,il

j.'UlrJJnll'jjl BUS R:I DEllS II EA.O QF" Dl,LBERT'!ij TRIALS

i,

<uff.

Rhlmlfl1i,,~ ... g "'IJ

1~"",'~'.fl"'lf'''' <Jj .:I,,'"
G.:rue~ni"a/J
<I"~

/I",~,..

.sj.#

J:tz.4s ,~d(~.ttJu·,-:if~ i H.~"·,+3 .~ ",."th4 t~'J'iTIiJ

_"';"li~1I .n."'j",~1 l'''~p",1'''. d ...I"ID"r.' .... 1 ,1f"I~";ul
,...1J

-

. ,.-PJ)li~u--~

A,"t"" .. r
fIlii

L-"",'."g
J.;.~·~J4

Mu",
oi.

lIo?,,'l(rur,t:

r iJ'f.'

tim. bnsses W.IS !,;recllild with H0stnlgic smiles TlS pilots ... owed the antics of i lheir Iricnd or primary, lntarmetliate and npt"Jiltlonulti'u.iI11tlg days.

CAR Revision
Alters IConhll:f.

Now Is In Effett
I n~f"II!'Ile/lt FI.I,.ht Rilles

Ommct llnd instnJmen't HighI' rules anti definit'illr(s in Cluf1 Air R~glliofiolis were reviser) on )\H.\,tust 1. Copies of the ,A YlATWN ehimges made tn P1U+ ~II,. Air TrfJf!ic .JwacilJf Rul mi, ;\J't, d istr ib II tY,d by th e Mi\\'V ElY- l'~Cll1l'eunit

esta.bUs:b.ed to ptoIT(l)te aud cummrago pllOt;ograpby on Naval subjects. it is planned to give mllitlt~ tiwwds to l\uwy phOLQlPilpliers fjir WIJI'k ~oat (inti n~.hr.l.rB,., witl! the lli\Wrds being made Ilunually oa N~vy Day. Oeteber ~y the Sec1'CtA1'y of the Navy. Ollt~ stan m[lg. work in both b1iU photo,gn1l'lhy ,uld motion pictures ..-ill be "Iiusit\cred , ill. several da(egurie,~. Basis for aW'MW \\ ill include uutslUlld1ng pltotogtapby w:t():Cl' Jil:e al; tlre n,~k of the pllologrnpher's lif@ and pictures \,."b.kib mt'l'ke in'Ipbl.'t:m~contributjons lila lIr;>,l"tei undcrstalliliug of llu'l war, First uwards will be retroactive to lh\." start of the war. Rrize-wirming pictures will Ire the l'IucJ~ns for Navy phvtl) c;.:hibjt.~ tu tie shown ill Rev cities over thlil' CQl.lUtly, tlren lalcr becoming permanent exhJhils in rnusemns. MotLl1.I p'ir.;ture :S,crelles ttdjuclged the best 01 thewul' will he !.u!;.o'1,Ji:lralcd Into II Ii111"1 for ptl hlil'! sl1Clwing. Director. ufUH:! ue,¥ il1sUlutc \,.-Dl be C:1ptni r'l E,hv~lJ'd 1. StejcheJi,loDg~time
(;(tAPllIC L.'Ii!>"l'I.'L'trl't,

:I'.

-'1,'lM,rNt)I(;

OIVl'StO!':'s

t\ aval ai~craft are required to com- I).ef,achmed HQQdJe5 50Q TOI'I1 In 1.5 Days VH-12-Thl~ squawm;s- Okina-i.... dea ply with Citlil Air R~g/ll(liIi(JTlS. except tachment bandIed 1,O~,llS!l Ib~., of IQaiI in those instances where miHl'ary necesand cargo wa J5 day period ending sity as determined by appropriate at) I:horiLy In.ake:~cJ t}viatlim neees ~'a!j'. June u, DllIin'g that VCJi(lJd <174 trips were nlll1dled. by 131 :NA'JIS planes, On An llI11val:>·vj'atorsare goveme~ by CAR aud In addition by the roJlowing: Contael flight:
~s.<~S
S<},4;

(If the

UlIOGR.H'EllO
('dI."",

OFFlcm

or

rngiDIlRJ

oHi'c~

NATS' De.livers Ma'il TO Okinawa'

(oO·~.i
j,I''''

Hi~I'1 will I!. \lind. II) ;j'-u~1j In>~11~1 1:''''' uud 0' "'~!'!>r ," i'h In ~!11 II" d j 't.{l'U¢~ ,]j norcr"h call Itt oJl nmes b. 1',,,0:<) fj)~ vb ...al IiUr:L"1",en.ea <i.. 1\.lt1:ent w hen J.u~~c~a tl f ot ',,";l kin ~ ~~ff 0 r ~1!I..:U"'If. "r ,.-1'ere t[,j,' 1"11.. iun fir rh" ili8hl rC'IU;rl!!l uth""",'i.~, O!~hL 1".11 ,II!! Ill:; r,,,,, low SfiO Ii..,! '

/. Ctint~
t hnt

,,( ti,,,

"."tl~

Instrument

lU,gbt rules:
,IIId anll<lldifl,~,li

I. l'rovjl';~'U uf M'l. 1'1.Jt4 tll,'n.lo >I',I! l)e (IL"~r,,,,"
('~

";.-f;; 6'14,5
(",,4-_'

VJ-l Dates BaekTo
SqIlG'd.r.qIi Mainfains J\viatiol1\1!lVe SQ long Iafpmial'iu\l re,leilS~ by
(lIrU.rr'lSQvJi.uHON

Oc•• 1924
Hllmber

Original

Pew

e:cisting squadrons
ONE

in aval LLhistory as VJ-I,
ONO

prpwlfug, P6M-~S is 11ltisted onto n seaplane rnmp at Silipitu by a

The Gover QlJO of Fleet Alr Wms Ol1o's nl~bl

bea.ilhlng_ tr!lctn~. Atta.chable I"heek make the P.jIM-S'S amp:MbiCltl&.

sioned Oct. s, 1925, The ml'igimu eomplement W!LS taken Iml'l:1 SCDtrnNG rl{,AN-E: SQUADRON' TWO, Qommissl.(.\ued April 11, 1,912r1-. and decol1imjssionecl the -"3m!! thi)' that vj-t came Into existence. Fe\'\T if any other squadrens in Navnl Avia6tm h.avel'etained An origill'lll designation S{) lon_gas V1"1,

was

shows lh~t eommls-

fhe de~achmenl's r!~cQrtl dfW lOO,7M pounds of mail was recei¥cd m di5~ r:>atclled. In dilfticll1 In (mill and eargo, tile de...1chment tNms.ptl,l'tlld ~~fj19, t casual-

ties ;md flaw
4>t6

Between April

2t&,SOO

miles over ocean

passengers .. J1: and lUI!:' 22 VlI.E-l round trip missions totalling 1 •.1,7M

r

tlild

evacuated

~,~,I C3$ua!tcies.

A 'sign over o",,'s reads: "NaWll Ai:r Tran~port ServiCe Com'mimd - Nc'\\' York. FdsCl:l, Tnjn-lJmp." Soon Tokyo?

S BJECT: Lt. (jg) JOE STIFFNECK
MORAL: Don't be. a Joe Stlflneclc. loo\ bet'oJ'e lTIaking II turn, dive or c.llm'. A limber neck mllans ., long life. Avoid mid-air crashWi, l~ereel1t of all uava], a.irCNl.rt aecic.ie.lll:S but lhew ure to blame for 11.1 p~IClent of nli 'fatal JC'cidents. Nearly all these OOi!illi(JOR are due 10 .tvoid1l.Dl pi! l error. Th yare til s('()W'ge

M

TIl

collisions

.t."

WSt"

unly

2.;;

HIght safety. III most CttSI.'lS. one 01 ul0re lives are lost. There is only one Wily to prevei t tbesl' ac.cidents; Keep a sharp \IilO~OLlI b for makinlf a nmr, dive or climb. The plane you rnay hit usually is biduig under your \vlng. or on the othr-r side u.f thai eloud tbrough which you inLeud to fly. :Most mid-air collisions OCQIlI' chl1-ing rendezvous. tactics aud gUllilery Tuns. Be alert dW'ing tl\ese maneuv rs, Cultl ate the huhil of It! kIng nrouncl to spol other planes. limb r neck means a long life,
GCL$IJ 1. During a primary frmnat100 t;rnilling :ffigllt a ~hree~planeseotioQ WaS placed in liighl cClhelon. The instructnrs

or

wer going to demoll.<llr.aw break- p procedures to their students, '1'11111 Ieader bro~ off, maJdl'lg_ il9()"' turn to Il,e left ;lllc;llosingaltihlde. The next plane to peel of!' mad an exh:eml')l shnllnv dive aud ill tu rn of les.... tltau 110°_ Th pilol of the. last plane, following thruugh. lost sigh I oJ tIll) preceding p(ane. The r !illlt was a colliSion ill \Ihich both planesimnmed t.Qgetber with [hlal fr;ree. Both ·tudent and instructor in tht> aU1?,bu~e that WlLSstruck , ere killed, ccupnnts of tl overrunning airplene managl!:d to bail Oilt. 2. Twa divisions V6F'S were making dummy fla.to;ide gunner run on lutlr ·rnM,S. After Feur or Jive rum, the leader of one fighter division S8W
Cfl,Ve

the other elivisio.u make u left turn. Assuming theri3 MI to be fl. j (lin-up , he nuuad LIs di sion to th left und up. 'rile othe"!' division, after J'naKh'lg U\e le(l turn, mud an ther llatsit1e att ad. on the TBMS. then turned right.. Thi~ brought the fighter divisions into II col Iislon eour e. In an attempt H> get oul of this predicarnent, one Ilhme in the lower elI\ WQI1 pp]Jt:d up and to th right. It \\1\15 struck I)y a plane in the SI1ID eli isioll. Resolt.~: One FafLLlity.

~

or

of hoth dhrjsiol1 leaders, and rnol' teC'h~ nique of the pilot who overran,
~'

pL'Ul~ striel\l'II. An ill estfgnting boaril concluded thul I:h8 aociden] was caused hy poor judgment 011 the pru't
one

Carriers ~
lETIAII£I$~
HEAl F.. M '''I ~

~

.. Ca. e 3. A lighler pllot :v,tJi .~mthO!'. Iztd [l) pro coed" to tile Ml'Dbatic~ ar fl to engn e in stunt practice. After cornptetin~ several mall uvt rs at !ltm{l feet. the :tirphmc WIlS put iutll<l Ioep, At the bottom. or pull-out. of this maneuver. the stunter rammed broadside futo 'IUIother a irplu.ne. Both aircraft exploded and crashed. Result: Complet destrucriun of 'both pll'U~e$ and tille hvo pilotS_

Be/llrlcted

19

CQNlMANI:IER

OF FLEET

AIR

WING

ONE LAYS

I'LAJ'IS FOM FUTURE

JAPBOMaIN4;:$

W4'1'H 1'HIE OFr:ICERS

HIEAOING

SQUADRONS

UNDER

HIM

Aerial Blockade by Lantl anti Seaplanes Drwe Japs 1,0m Seas They Once Controlletl,Sinldng HunJ,erls of Ships
01 tl1e Ensl China. Sea since It artiVed at Okinis Fleet Air Wing One, whose Private?fS', C(JJ'()ftllrlo8 and Mq.ti7lcrs sank 1$9 Japane. e vessels and damag(:)cl 194.more in its flrst two mcntlis of aerial bleekade opetatiooll. .Faltwing ne developed ~je Black Cat aud Dumba squadrons in the Soutli Pllctiflc. It lOl,eratecl search nod reCOIlJ1UiSS'loee units at Safpan rtnd Tinial', at UJithi and Palau. Planes of the wing new nti·subma:rine patrols and barrier searebi;.'S, SblJt tip JuP pi!:;ket boats, !)\',IEipt ahe-ad of carrier toroBSaml rah;led sbipping iu Kazan and Bonln islands. Its big mom nt enrne when it moves fa Kenuna Retto four days before D day on Okinawa. From then Oil its zaiding planes ran wild against J!I;_P s,bjpping between China, Korea and the J<lpnT)esl! i:;luIlU:;, sinking 1.45,000 tons and

S awa,

COUHCE

drt.Jrul,gillg 1318,000 W'e tOilS In a Iew week s, Us search planes m detected lhe Jap carrier fon;~ which subsequently was derooted ill the first battle af the Philippine Sea, Two of its. j\1arlnur# spotted lhe YeJ1Tuifo lind it;$ task Faroe, Fuirwing Oue's rairleIs strewed the Tsushhna Strait. between Japun ~,nd Korea (Chosen) with so many wrecked JUt) eSSt;'Hi Admiral irnitz called them "Chosen People." The Wing includes 17 squadrons of eB4.\,-2·S -and seaplanes covering almost t-w.o million square miles of ocean daily, searching eut [ap );h~ppihg to attaek, Aiding the wing in keeping these planes fiyiog are ts seaplane tenders t~ ma:ii1tain the "boats" RruJ c.;.st] men to work on Privatee~s. Daily combat repOrf5 att&s~ to the. nevar-endfug _patrol the. Wmg keeps over \""ners once controlled by the [apanese •• a\')'.
ON OK1NAWA; THE PB4Y·2 HAS PROVO EFFECTIVE: ON PATltOI.

ROW OF PRIVATEERS

STANO~

ON PARKING

~,p

OF YONTAN

AJR·FIEl.o.

R.estricted

21

Devtistating Raids ellt Japanese Lifeline from Ports, on As'iaM.ainlan.cI
blo~ade of the Yellow 'M(l1'illef',~ 8y Inner andouter anti-csu:b and Korea Sltllits has ll.lm~'st patrol !U'QlJIld O]:d1,1awll. and m~e long. stopped what used to be a safe three~ range searches altmg the coast of Japan day nm bGh,,@El.Db~~t~!~ nnd japl1tl. wltHe PriJJi11eetp 'edend Lb¢ir raids to S E-ren the narrow Tsu ,.', n Strait hlJs the home i:sla:ncls Lhem.o;ii1ves.~Yhe.I;j:jVIU been under Fairwing- Due' pahol at- thr:-y are in TUuge of OlduaW~l airports. tacks more tlutn L6 hours tJliily. forciog The biggest i1aJs enjoyed by the pn4.y. [he Japs 1:0, Wie litth;. fr('}fght~rs LO Iiuikl'> .tt Were May 5 and 6 w'h_en tbey~aIlk th-enm at night. raps have jla.d to I?ely M,flOO tons at lap s'hjp_ping tar-gets on ll'lngw IU'ld sll"we:r trei:gh't nauls overaround Korea, sinking half of Ehe 31 vesland to points where slljI!ments ean be sels tbeyfout1ft La.rge oilers, oar_g!lships SE!l'lt aemss the Jap:4U sea tn the. north. nnd tankers were the bombers' tat,gets ..
In: :8KUlAL

T Sea'

and men alike have III dLg the1town £omol!l$ <u wellM planes. Here an officer enl[ugeg his, ·'bet.ti;lD~ole" sa that be I."rol gel III (luil'!k~ wbell an}' :iIl'UJ Jllpallcse raldw-s eeme over

Officars

Dr

Rlljlair work
oiIQ1l:e

in ke~phlg i:hC-,llit<;:mft Hying to TGqo

Ul! iI'I.fld-lias_ed l!\o!nber,s Qf Fa:lnflng Que 11115 be to node!' difftolJ It con,rntiol'ls. C.... a~d 'j\CO(lN WQrk togetli.er l>CU

lind way polnt'i in Japan

.lifts

.available .on adlv:mtfud bases lik-e ±:hjs Okinawa field, 'Pricllteer grounderewmen hoist sOIl.pounder off a bomb trailer
Me

There .is no

sliMctt;l,ll:e fOr U1USe:W

lind

!iweat

u.'heu no fancy

bomb

, 'Air Wmg One's raiding, planes. eut Japan'S sUHPty lines :fto:tn O1l'ittn!,mt to is.hl11d. Sinking s~fi;s 01 ene'my ships, The Wing sank 159 laps within two months after. Qlinaw.a invasion

22

take it as well as dish It out for Jap arttiaireruft fire was sti-J'f.

picket bouts, sought out rap ships, oonvoys and task forces. Inoae lS'-ilay pej)i!ll~oll' Korea Lh~l' sa,l1k 9,lf,OOO tons of shipping and dama,ge(l 'Il,000 more. They ran up and down ..villi.. ill sight 01 JIll'! coastaJ batteries, sinkin"ev8.Iythillg from, Iish,bi~~essels M IIp. These ~irJs proved lIJe Pr'W(J;#ulr could

long-.'~ge bombers, ihef't100f(;cr,s atAir W.lU'g One., provs_d their worth as combnt pal.:t'uf plallell in the- Central Pactflo this yell)". Flying trtlm Tiuljth and Ja~r OkWawa, all' bases, they ekew the rugged nssignment of patrol ..bombardment search~ for the J1Iifth Fleet and carried it o£E, with heavy destruction to the ~emy. Opc1'ating hom Thdan, !heykntlcked of! J)e4LVjJr~<I,r:med
HE,

NA'>'Y'Silew T taolwd to Fleet

Gmlesquely bent

by bombs of a raiding FnirwiDg Glle Prf-vatt?er. Lhis Jnp fr~ighleI:_h~th fot bpttO.Ul (,Ir. the PCeM,:inOtl:\er" in tho f~mg IJ~ or Vlctiriis of the :NlLvy s aeriul blo!lka.de. fhmting

tll6

far Jap slll.plS to Sink.· .is bec.oDll. 'ng. inoreasingly difficult .as tn,l! NavYs p1anes whittle dolVll tlie ene!ll~s lfil:lfehllllt fleet, forcing it to uli J 1-7. e small cmLft in Itil eifOfl. 10 ~CIlP t~'Navy selrt.l:h phl,fl~

No deluIB,

.BOQ ll'jl!lSS. h:i.JIs funotion in amvaf!C'eli aretts l(ke tHis Yon'j:an a:jdie-J~l, where squadron ctm1fl'!$Ilruws stand tn Une with their ,enlisted crewmen for breakfwst prior to (lay~s _patrtllling

Privateer cr-(\wrnen pull thrOugh the propellers of their glarui prisr to takt;j):ff .from Okinawa base on. II. search-bombardment patrol, Behind them are the tent!; Whln'll they sleep and do wark 23

BfgCnronado pat'l'ol bember base. Crewmen lIT\! l:t2Ined

IQ

rolls up :ramp at SaipllIl se::<plane l!lmdle wany jOLs in an (;!n1ergell~y

fl[ghl

rotlliTlc patrols.

deck of -n Mariner cgive.s little reom £ore~(!tse Ilurlng Nil,lIigator. radiome~1 slt n~qrest the' e3meril

over }OllelX .s-e3.l~les. !np~ng Fer Jill:' ship. L rung, ane the Job of F!ilnvmg One S l'BM: and ~~2.\" search planes. Missions eome ,every three or four liays and

T ON~ _llighLS
lust
10

constant lcoknut Jilr Jaganese Sl.lbmatin,es .. Th~y Als-o cit\) [light patrols and escort invasion convoys by night and day. With every ilWa!iion slnce S(1.ipnll. the I'HIl"f.i1 bombers havCi goneinta theareas on D--dny or before: aml cstabl'i'!;hed recomraiss<lltca patrols. At Qkina:wa. one (r"-"',I; Alarill~r h;:Jgged Mo valt amI an@ilier sank a destreyer, dIaplli).lg a MlO-PPUUdBi down its stack. Ariollit:!rmission 'of the seaplanes ts DUll11,o wo[k.l11ey ui,e used ,,*tcilsiva!y mllir/se\l rescue Ifl. ~ftjlilftotiO[) Witll Superfatf.resNeil (In the ,dally milk-mil tQ ,the"Jl'Ip hom.elnnd,

liiouts. Wlille s~lll't!hmg fOtStltk\ce

ships,till:lY keep

wmh!ni

Seaplane tender

G:re\lhneu in rubber baat pull along!iiue ~l al to make r~)~'irs. Ol~ly big tefjdRts ean Jj"ois~ plane llli\'lilr_ll

Mariners, Cm"rmlio~ Ilnd Cqwlinus ltne ~~ pluling l!!lrlll1 of an island se<'I;PwnC base. AU:dlny tlhfp:;. ill bntbfU" trld ~ repair wflrk

24

Seaplane

nri a tend~r

crew members.
hetWetlO

of Fairwing One.en]oy dip while sta.ving nlilicsi(1ns. hip!; are. "home" during off hours S

install ~tarhnlUtl engine 011 a .PUf after overhuullng ,H aboard ll. ·seapluul': ~uder. SJllO.l1tr lender !lWtlB Tep(fir !,.'t.... in rubber boats to do minor jobs on planBs -w$
A~JallDnl much h'lis L'S matt's

airB~tils•.a nee~ of ,seaplane tenders. buth ibn [aTge AY'S th~ '1ll1by'" ...,"1"5 <tnc!10t in sheltered harbors to k.eep the flying boats in operanon. . their ptlots 100 erews ate housed abonrd the h~[)ders, Complete shops. ade~uaLe 1.'0 repair 01" r:epla~ any pB1't or ins!:eU !1IeLil' uf Ihese s eap IUnes, also. can r:ep;lil: N n'ify srnal 1 croft. at advanced bases, Two seaplanes can be serviced an the deck ·of the large ~elLaers, tneship's ao-ton erll:ofis lifting them out of the Wllter to tbe flag deck for repairs. The smaller lI.:VP·s seold repair parties in ruhbsr boats to work on planes in t:hew'uteT, a hazardous t_aSk in ~QQgJl water, 'Ih'er do, mm;h the SfUl'le work as the big tenders~e1miling and, Te-armifi.g ... th~ ~laIl.eS. p.Innting .buoys sea· dromes, Ieedmg. UhQ bioJrtlllng pilots. orewmt;:n and ot,herlll .of the VI'II squao]'c.iJjs, ;mpplyi:r'lg pa:rts £01'. reRairs .and boats to transport plane crews to and from ,llie:Ll' arreralt, Seaplane lenders have to he llhleto defend thgmse"lves llgMnst I:a.m1kaze and bombi'u,g attacks HO they ~ strong butteries of :mtu~iromftguns, up to ~ve in:ohers~1'I AV·S. The .. Lenders move f91'w.l;trd :ij.trectly behind the mtun Be'et and can}' on raafntenanca until shore. base repair units sthrt work.

W Okinawa and
H.ll.E

C,,"SCL'S

mnintuin

FuiFwing

One's

Prkl(ifeUl/ul1

W'l'liJe_the planes sre bltillg Ineled, armed and serviced,

m.

Sea~ll1in~. tentt.er

offiaer tukes bsarinS 'under shadow of ,1..0 rnm, g!lD Wttl! whlcll ship bealS- off Jap Itttlfckers. Lug¥ ·tendu below Mists M"(J;it~11T 1l1wllfd with itis SO.Ion tt1Ine f(ll' lhajlJ'l' repai·r~

1 Wearer finds

new IIl1U-blllcltOl,1t su# ea!iy to adjU)it, SuIt's 'ltpper speeds -aetfon

2

LIke 'Type
2

'Z-1
:I

over calves,

O\\lU

an(J] -'';. Iltaway lias S air bJ.adder~ oE: pln~I:I~""im,pr~mIL~d. ulalut!:l.1ghs. I1Jld 1 over abdomen. ''''earer puts Slut on the fight l(!g

EWCUTAWAY

TYPE G SUITS GO TO PILOTS
been issued to - F and "-MY pilot, and addi:t:Wnal sui ts will be issued until requirements. of !:he Fleet have been met, The Zc-3 suit iii oE similar dtlSign to the staDdtt('d Army SULt. ""ith some-tmprove.ments. It Md~hs less than lJ~ [bs, Suit should be wOin when: 1. U$B of beavy Wirlte .. fliJ!lll clothing or
electrically. heated
all

Quick -adjustable laces are prm'Jd d. a,s suits must he fitted mere snugly 10 !'he bouy {to hrsnre protection ;tgalllSt grey-out and bl~CJ.."-011t) than ill' ller:essllry tic the Z-2 c()vprall. The same provislons for oral inllation to -preyicl aCilC~!;S01'y Hutatiol1 in water are U\corpor:He(1~<1uick-r lease zippers for the legs and IU1 ural Inllution valve fer pJUgg1hg 111ttJ thE! mal~ q\lick dis-

the~e

r

A PPR0~1'RU' $00 new CUl'awav fi Type Z-3 Anti-aJactollt Suits have.

This. suit cannot be WOrn OV('r heavy or ~ flig_Jlt clothmg. :lS tile pressures provIded by Ihe stuudard antihhtCk-Oll t valve ere insu ffi ci!':lIlt kl in8\1t,e Ute suit em'l:I~l. to transmit

connect. -

suits mnk!>

0.

coverall

Light Clothing. such as the summev uniferm or the summer flying slli~. is S-!lusluctory fot use under fue %-3.. Both the Z-3 ant] -.1 \'YiIl fit when worn under tbetando.rd -electrically~heated _flying suit. The inflation tube is brolJght tlll'j through the zipper d po<:k-el ntb~ lefl p[

body.

sures, thtQugh bulk"}' material

to the

pr6ll-

type

wear an antf.blaakOlllc-s Er 1t(!/1l elothIng. The Z-3~lJjt iii made of the wQl'king PlIrts of the coverall types z-r end -2 IJnd consists or separ~'J.tE'Calf, tI1igh and abdominal ele-men'b; eennecsed together.
is tQ

fIJ..llt.

tI':.gIMkout ~~Iit unn ~'tli5ru-y,2. The wOTkh~g 'tll,if(ltm ~s wnm in de rltable

the electTI<l Slut.

~. It

CUtI'l.W~1yS

lIJ1.Ve

come in four sizeS and the fol1ovviu!8 ASO stock numbers,
Long ... , •. , _•.•• Sh~f~ ••••• ••• ••

Wlf!l" L'1Irfje Soutll Sl1lall (Jlr;;,p

r.;lTg._..... ...... Slmrt, _" ..•••.••••.

. R_·.l?-S48-5 S-1O :R·31.S·4~5S, 15
!l"i".
l'~'ll-

,a-.17·S-4j';55-S

tbli'·S~815

~ :rN ~IH,l, ~\N"r!-HM("Q"" Iii,," i.945 ","" •J\N~"'", )!1.'/45.

391

19

3 corsel-type

~tring,s allow for easy t1ght~niDg of ~\Ift nt wni~1: nn I! legsRt:.st):1iate(f

·1ofCAS lEi. [OHcr-)\pt'ilrl!\,al hL1.~liNn fl'· c iv'~1 !'nr crll)sinU.'UOll \If Iwtt1rlI'lrtc ~l'rIlIkler .~-y!!l.etll." .iTI ten squadrou Inl1lgn.f-'. tVM group_ Mtn ku~g;_1rll"url the statiOn bti_j;!, a Cmllpietioll rtf lIii!. prujool will dn 1J1l,l{;'h to remove th e d:lI1gt:lr 01' lire ill th ese
wuuden

bllildings..

out 11k fllt!QWiHg chart, l-LLir "p. hot; 11lir QWII, on(JL: lIair lip ill tighl 111ft", curls, h"Jr oad rlIillYi haJr down ill ti -lit llttle IIUriS. 'vol (Iliel (Ilill!!; hlJ,ir uCl\\'h ill leose I!-ti It' eurls, ",!III !.IlId Olllllil!J_ ler }:rf~!;IJOllS of thu weRther are snid lo work every Lim!".

r

lwr:r !Il lim A!lmirolties ba~e. l-Ul t" Irutugumted Hermit Crub races, Each (film pl!lce his entry !.11 the center of a clrd.· dl'llwn 011 top UI11 table iJI !h!" qffiwn;' ,lnl1 artd rh... rnec 'is 0-11. The first Hermit to t j'rlSli rhc Hut! ';vilis the drit1.k:< for his owuer. ~ NAS HO:ol"QLl:1l. -A W VB. in Sick Bav with a bTOkt)Jl foot, waS 1\lI agog LlII;' C'lLI1~1' dllY ,,,,IrIDl ~h learn d she could atten<;l Sunday's baseball game and watch her Cw()U:lcl hall p~yt'r do hls stuff against tJ1l' RHrber'~ Foint team. Sht! hud I;m ~ll!llll;'r settled herself in a comfortnhla pOBition in tIll! ~t1hltt\, when lHey carried her hero Irom tIl1J ril~ld with II lag inju,ry. UnQuunt(]lI, allholJlW' dl<:appfllnt(o(l, the WAVE _qay,. ~11Pwill t Y ~, llJltil she ha~ Gnllll} wen III"r Iuvorite 1,.,(1 SUX-1Il" ill notiou. ~t;:\timlf'clI hen- :U \ll:dmnde who wea:r~ the IlIli£ortn of the Uuited tntes l':avy, Lo d LU.lI e Soldi~ a full-blooded 'Iuu Indl ;\ from [~ North Dllko~ ttcservatioll. W}IOse forefathers Itlld{lTChief. ittlng Bull nlilSsa fed Gellt.lnd Custer ~i_lld his troop , figh:L~ proudly ill (he ranks of the Arnerienn N~'ry<o ~ ~A~ CI{OWS LANUIN ,-A sesmun decidcd tc 0001 off the other CI'~. As lilt' n oared the river, h. heard erles foy heJ~, and saw 11 girl ~etHg swt'pt dt')wn in th ... current. Me plU1lg~d in, cnugbt tiP til her, uild _lIii1illy litG\~~t her t() ~llOre. She had atoppoo bteathil~g. fIe fI.Pl}lied artiflci[ll respirt tion, f!TId: sent for the diSP(lJl!f<lty ambllThncc, Two 1111urs Illt,t the girl sul-

1 a thne when the ~liltiOI1 ~Il:i; dll'iugcfl with crackerfacks. '\1IrM. 01 ¥R-til buught Ii. box and opened it , it!; prQud mimi lit Crtl"l [If fti(,'JJ.ru In tUltiCipaljtll1 nf ~ deli.ghlfl il F!'PU ·l, W~S embarrassed tl} discovllr thut h1s !x'x 1:)011talnod nn prJUi.
fToNOI,I,H.I;-

• N1\S

Itt,

end e1<p~es!dn his ohagrin and

Wl'ltin.g

hl

the Crnek rjnck, Corupuny
mbarrass-

UJi'\St'ot. "«., llt~, bllK'n a rnurl('J Marin.-I ul lhili desert dimMI' tloesp'l Ig,l:tW with J 11m. so hls buddles have 11l.\d~~II pr(!:sal I l'Il Lim to t-h :lIN.

.. 1 AS to)AV:E-Thero is une Miltiua Hh"T 011 this ,shliliDn who will neve-r Nt t., t e Pncllie. H" is ht'ing son], in. t ad. [II Hw San Diego '.CUll. Tile "hlnl" with III<: unusual ll$liigll:lllt<111 i~ "{oj", lUI Ameril.;lUl "a~Je IIdopted hy the Lcatherneoks as a

.. NAS
\\! bo

h~v I! t I., iep e

{l':U:!n) 1hlN~I~NAl. (llaOLlI!

(}f

It

an Bl1lr1l. cluau shirt. now have a neWehampiou. ill' 1$ .1 "f1V-:J pillJt, who be,carne a tl"W~l1l1l1l felTY squadron by deHvennft eislll plrul S ill [3 dll)'S. Within that p,!:'riU(1 h~ t_oMk fouf hup.~ ettl "<\T!. tnlil:lsll(l~~4 ~wnuitline !riP!' Delfvanes ,iIIld IDIlJ;l.t. the AM:>f poured nul the 11umil1l)' eHeeted were l'V-a,. SUO PcJl'Q ttl Whi(lby and llllJl!!l'l13IDJils of hh; soul. S-'V ml d:'l.y~ Is!< nd; vilr • .i\lIImeda to Mell'l1Itnm; later be l' erv d tI. J tter ~f t\mtlolancil' ;md JacksonviIle bl Jieanfllrt; 't8M-~. Treutnn llpol0_ID' from rhe Crackerjacks people, BKto San Diego~ l'l}M~.a. Sun Diego tn Alppl::Uning tlllll du to war. lillilll-puWill: sh ft- med!!; 'llU21..-4, All1J11wa to ~'tllrill' 'fBM-l, age, WId the ttndepcnlln biltty (If prasent,\.:>!J.jriu. to S(1n Dieg-o. sr-."]-G. Sal] DjBgo to dlly help, such conditions Wtllwlt be 5<111 I1l."dr(I, H t' g()L II: d!l)' \Iff fit t ha {<J1{t

ever havS ng

rllrlJ'

pilots,

~ NA(;

J ACKSONVll,u}-':[wr",'~

U

oItI_Q'I'

""-1.

hclPJ:d &1U wowd IJe Ilt:t'llpt 12 1)I1XI'5 !§lEt from tllvir ~OIllp;JJ]y. ~ ICAD ~JrH~)' The (iUUlllllluding bfs
1'11":11fJf M:lrfair
IlIf'.\Y;

1\S'Ii

(If

this h,p

II)

WIW~I -

his sh$tt.

Wesl
[I

(l1l3Th:;rli

admiring Lh" llower bet! jlL~t nutside lili> office, I'h!" geuer.o,l ~op~d to pl:u¢k, 11 ptl.'o/' Just at that moment, 1), corpo:m! noticed S1JlfH! Mllrint' deslroyinlt publiC: prQperty, and called Q~Jt: "H ... , ~I,I. lCllve thos y ff,~ alone." The geneml !ittaightcll ~ up. lind said: "WII(ltlm:{re I dOTl!! wrol1~ ,ow." Tne. L'u'pom' saw stnrs,
..' BIt\J1'SW'ICK~A

t

tills d P It.

tecently

ge11 iut'Pfilt'tetl

r

~N S

IlfINOL.UI

\~\1Jen

wh11~

dQ\\'ll to push • way. u dog who hAd tnlt.. en a greal likhlg to him lllid wa dilm;tautl
~tt 11il> III:ek

certniu

I:hlpf

1~111

spanIeL

beautifully watched teetb. fEill lo the 1,>Towui. Bolli tIle cllitlf .and "XlPIlY" Made a ~rub for them. and whell bun tet'lll tlle cluef "'.'as in llOt purs.u't of one small
~ A'T'TC J"o~ ONYllJLE:-A W ,,~ \'el1mall is Ii bQQI1 to tile ('J'l"\Vof til{' Orceu Hl1uger dill- toller 11l!i!lU'ltIY IlMllty to foreteD weather CQnditions. Tile cre,V members alwavs know wl1(lU ineiemf!nt wehlher i.~ in the . nffing by ()bse~\'illg htlr hltir-du; fOT therein lI.rfI displayed lhese unique pro_gUl1Stitl powers, When ,he has dcili'rntiued what the w'e-atlwr will be ~he (lisp1ays _her hairaccordlngIy. A£tar weel:~ of iilO'se observnt!oD. lhe n11;!ll hove worked

As hI' was bt'11cliQg QVl:f his

IedIl.g no ill cff~l:s~ WIU; lient hOllll" by thl.: Medfcal Officor, The only tragiC oonseth > ennlan~~ .. NAS OAKL ...m>-'rlre newly tf;lilablIsh~d (!Uerltlc to bht' in(.'jdll:nt Juss "f a brlln~-flt:W Silt of ~IPpets iit til \T ":be"llh slllwirr Uti\,\," ~ running fnll "an jO(Lqum River. Dredging operation!; blast w~itJ:t steulllroom, sunlamp !Uld mas1l1't' not cilmpJcled, ,~ag ~ ftwilitil'S for jangle-.Ilctv@d. pilots 1n:l~1 mber o!Rcvrs.\JJ() men. Appro:rutTalt'l 160 .. NA'S HO'N01;UI. -NIIW Hurt tile ~v:enin~ are gattf:n~ thr> 11'1!a.lmentdallv. and twic~ .~tar is mill.~Llany IVOlill. rellol'tl; ll(e coming that nmny- {.'iltud h"" haridl~ •• in rrorn \'he west' 111M on nml'lurollS tl!1CUA CH, ~. ("'). ill charge of UIIl' pmgmm. mOils phtnes h:wec been sent IIp to tm I.lsHIS lrainiog persollDe1 as, m:L5Snln:~ to m{).n gate tbM hTigbt llgl'lt_ qundron l1avig1'tOr~ U,e "lll',lth shack" Qeing stU:up at HOl1l~~ Bnd tLe l?lan t ;l La Sh06l 1lt night alld lulu ugd G11.;lm to promote the .>\-,rs pllflr ute (]OJlldd~IU1j.t 1i!lnding through ao pmelal physIoal 1;'01Idihloning p!'Qg!'aOl. ID at:ld1- rcque~l that Ollr plru:ll\'..~ leave Venus thnlt'. lion to l< tl.n; personnill. tlli!!- c:hit'f Will I\!sll ~ MCAS lW. TORo"';Tob"ct;Q :mtioning is Irmn liLI!Il in IlUI~sng-eteehniq Ill! for auy bitting pretty hard in 80me spots, IlJId Navtll romm[l1,ds artQllt or ashore that der gularion.~ .dmfl proVide IQr a g\l.Y lrkt· sire It. Ti" tttllll'~e lasts a.pproxilTlllt V one "13\ltch". He is It 11ipe-sUllikillg. fllllteJ1Ionth,

11110111'lNr tlight. I.'..xplllluing there would be' chicl!:' nht'lltl'd for .Iwm {Ii look nner. tht> 5:d\qr imm",diatl'ly vi,'<lont'd n IJ~O troop or bhltides. tet! hoods and, bJunultt~, Dressing ill Iili; tml~U~t wkito! l1lliIQ-rIll. !"'QnrpIUt' with ':uJlpaign ribbons, the silllor WR~ Waiting when ula plane arrived, H~ lXJ rocd it and found his illlllTge \w.~ II crate of domest'l(J f()wJs. SL,{ hens MU .' rQclster. de.<;jill{'·d fur !lil IlQViUICe hoase,

Ilffi(!~'r told .. seaiunn

U II> !l.'ij)orta(ion til meet the llf'ter-

,,,-as-

.mol1th-old l'Julldog -whe Is iu a very sad

, NAS

gator, wllO revell11v Tt>pf)fted hl'ffl, we get the word thnt vn~l1 Illgl1! I'lffiClers. laying

HONOl.I1Lu-)1'tOll1

11

s.qundron nm:i-

stare. 11 he dl}eJ>1\'[ gd' rlls llicotin .. sonn. his job as eo.pi:lot fer three-wheel sCm1te:r wiIi be ll1ust ddtl1it'fly Impaired.

l'

27

VV that more efficient operations would r ult if more Avilltion M!i;chinist' Mates were given advanced [.raining in speciflc maintenance duties, the ~J),;f rate was subdivided iuto five sp cialist designators. An advanced A:tvn.t scbecl had been stablished early in 1ll4Z at srm & ANTHONY and h re, an A.}.1Jvr returning hom thij Fleet, can qualify now as specialist on engines, carburetors, hydraulie maintenance! mstrnments, Dr propellers. There Is flO engine desig-

"''X Tm:r< the Fleet decided in

1943

BotCH

OVERHAUL

AIDS

IN

AMMI

TRA,INING

A.MlfC, MLMB,

nator but those for other rates are: ~ and AMMP. The turbo-j t school (AMMl') i'i at NATECRTRACEN, ~mMPms. The decision tQ specialize the AM,M rating has- born fruit today iti an overall improvemenr in maintenance. Men trained to do a specialized job are pI" vtn valuable to the Fleet and to shore activities. Since the .ratings closely approximate the jobs of Gomro rcial airline mechanics, this training shenld be g00d past-war erapleymeut msurA.llce.

.... Actual
... AM.MP

work

OI'L

for rnalntenunee

tbe li:QcpreplU"l1s an
in

fbrwilrdn.rea

Rest1Ic~e,1

This 2Q-'\te<!k cour e is deslgJl,!d .(fl l~lt!J tmubleslwotlng and maU11tManee of uirernft engi!Jcs and Ul~lJ' !It,.~nr!es, 'f:raiJ;ees WQI'l: on aUI latest mod",] service type (lJlgill~ including n tB20. IBj(), 2600, 2$11, and 3:il)U series, Th ~y. dn trouble-shooting pr()blem~ ("Jll! "live" i:rcrnft. servicing and mnintenaoce of fueJ.igniliOlJ au ~ GJarhlllf'ttlT llystll11ls rul4 oilier relaled subjects. Ctniluates who me qnnlilied for fhe ~~t rating hllve rt.IC h J tb f'duc.1tipDal 1m, ,kgr()uncr n III ·sa.ry to Jllreprtre ~ilm te Lake pL6Scrlbed e.mmmatioll. faJ' an A<'<E Iieens willi eM.

I:J

['NGINES' '"

Cim'!l'ui duues of 31 earhutetar specialist im;iuLfll IIlu(ntennnte and Clperaliotl qf earburetsr repuit und averl'til\fl sl\ops In conjunction wUh. ll£scmMy una rt:p:oir t!lt'lliti~~lit shl.m: bll,5"'\"' Til!!' training gh'e!! at 8<7'1'u ee ANTa:CI"Y ocotli[lir;,l~ U! weeks, A vil);tiOD M-dicll1nll.'t's Mll till; lell1/11 Ollllh.!t'titbureliol'l, oVl'thauI, wpm arrd tcsti:rJg. They work Oft .servjCfd }'Pes., - carburetors mclud:irig \'lis Holley, Ce~u and Strowberg. Tlle-y also sbm)' ,)"llter illjElction eud tb" opemtion of a mod,l arhuretor :rslK-mbly.' nud repair shop, In the hltID' phase (If b1!lni:ng th '.u. r's grull a great ftrnl of pmeti.~1 (lXpt·~jerl e 1111dar actual workblg (;QOditiQDS. This tmilling fun), lJmutHes [hent I'nr d slgnaU()o us enrhuretor spuaialiSlli. ueh ltaiuing lint- Qull' 111,,1,;S thelll \lllll .. hle JT('IY but C"If1tt!blll~ to it pe.t1P,,1ln1P hadE'.

CARBURETORS .

L:~elJe, the adaptation of hydm,ilics to air~ \VI);.' virlunlly in its intimC}'. Because (:'If lbat fact; ~kinlid IJydiatillo mechanics rGn'laih ('OInPl\I'lIOVC}Y searce !Nen at thts ckHe. Due to tile Fleet's rapid
11Vnilll

AMMH.HYDRAUUC
bov

MAINTENANCE

~:~

hIe rill' a qquatlr0n or bnse, 'rhe 12-week twining course at '\I T~1'f\AC~ equips A.1IU>1·~ Ihls J'C5pQnsibility.l'fhey rQr lE'fl.rtl to service, repair and mn~tain all hydrnulicaily-oplmlted J~tures

growtll,rhme

heen Instances where only

OIl('

NMMll

was

uf I,mJ1

IIh ns bydraulic

fI~\ihlll

gllll

n\()IIIl\., gill) <:lhargers,

doors; hrake", and other vifn1 bydraulic3lly.eperated parts of a plane. The b.-:\!n1l'igwill be valullole to them lat~r in p~C(lti(DC.

turr ts, S ·1"\f() c.tnUs. landing gear, the dive l1ilp!!,j wing BailS, bomb-bay

.. IN STR· ' UMEN TS
til the UTlill'd
1~1t1llls 1I~#d In StLltllS,

Tl!is is g"tl l_s-wee'k I::O_UlSC,lHd is {llll,) ,of t the ml)'~' tl10rtHigh to lie fOIWd Uhy~\ 1!1!l1t The J\M~JI j~ tHught tn malntam the InstruTtalllr~l>
IUIITII

u

tlhlU'ts aml rlecl1jtn1 meters, 'They I ccum . ,skilled in the us of
small 'hand lools sUch as the jew ler's screw driver, needle tube h ud.er: and small ~oJdoriJ'lg ir(Jns. Men tJIained for 1l'r$ltn""lIlt T1lail.lk[lal'ICO are 1l¢r'Vi.llg the '11")' ashore aur] lhrougLOI't till, oomb It theater. Such men w'ill lik:eh' Ilnd that their training 1\cqUlred nr - ATE liIBIICOM' eenter during war YeM.'l.• ,;11 prove ttl be a ue:cl'd d D~'5et ill fiDtli'r)g fI 101;1wli!!n they are ch1tia)'ls,

b~rJOh llIllchilld),. deud wet ,lit t~ter.s. SillyntlOl'lla~('rs. batt:illl lora, Lhermom ters, alld master ml>'tI;]1ment.~ willi corfeooon
'lllliprmJlJt,

'\Iavul IH'hIUIIII,

If) lIS!/' fid I ~t.'·s!

m,

created a groWing need fIJI' propeller specialists tummg Aviation Machinist's Mutes. Tbrs. need is beh1g ruet by the lJ!..week course given at &7'm ,A:....V AN'I'VONY, Trainee learn to tnnillf¢n and smr.' vU: propellers en all types of Navnlllircr~tft frwn a huge M{ll's lIying boat, elown to IhesmnTIett tmining plane. FilS\, accurate h'dvble.-sillilgting oJ prop~ is essential to mnintenance pr OUr tlllrnbat planes in the Paoffic. 'Tminees are gualifLecl te meet the ueed. Mllint nanee a.nd (I"'(jJfhnlllof ground ndjustalile, two ped!iOIl, COil tam speed, hydrOlTlatJc tlnl1 eleeb;!c propellers are studled. The trainees get minor 'blad~ tepair, line 0p61ra.Uon.rroubleshooIJng and ReitI ~el.'klng. They Ore' ~jun1fCi(l:d prllp NP!4Iialls~. ~ This ~s l'I'liother:enurse Ihal helps prepllrll men for work after Will"

AMMP PR01PELLERS

Increased. aLrOi"al't pr.oouc1..IOJl and late tililUlg«:s in d.eS.jgn hll\Tl'

29

SEV,EH

HVAIl

ROCKSTS

STR.E:AI( Olil AMEAO

OF TINY

TIM)l5

IT

NOSES DOWN

BEFORE

FilliNG

FROM

NAvY

CORSAIR

ON INYOKEflN

RANGE

New 11.15" Aircraft Rocket Gives Planes Heavy Firepowerj It Packs Terrific Wallop in SOO-Ib. Head

boosted to 880 feE'lL.relative to thE): p-Jane. To facilitate carner handling, the-lengjh.

Tim' 8

810

feet

II

second

velocity

i5

out

in

;53

zles in the after

other aHensh'e operations. A new vers:iQn of the Tim is :in production, slightly shorter and lighter in
w.eight; bnf with greater

nil! airCFaIt rocket, "I'his gillnt is essentially a see-pcund bomb with It [0cket mot{)r and fiu:;, .ldaptecl for mIng from aumrut. vVith 152 pounds of T~"'T in its head, the Tiny Tim give-s- Navy planes the heaviest firepower aE any plane in use tmltL¥, Two o[ the uig rockets, in addition t,o eight (' f:1VA1l roekets can be loneled {ll! a fighter, making il a formidble weapon for close IIU support or
11.7:;'"

T Tiny b~g
HE

JAPAN

C

..

got. a IMk.

thing new ill aerial

at sorrre<Ie tnlOOOD. th

dompos,ed of four powder grains of ballistite weighing 152 pounds. These burl]

was reduced from 125 to ,11S indies. T.he liloto~ ru-iVLl1g ilie big rocket Is

ud carr off the exhaust blast. The round is fired by 3 lanyard ana J&-fOQt elecl:,1'jcaI eenneetor after it has dropped from the bomb rack sufficiently Far tu dear the )propeller and obviate any daml:lge from blast,

of a. second. T\yenty-flve

DI);&'

the same payload of m:. 11ie udginal

velrJaity aniil

EIGHT

HV.II:R'5 A~D

TWO

TINY

TlMS

GIVe:

THIS

CI!UI5AIR

FIREPOWER

OF A LARCESHIP

]0

Bestrfated

T"EM

ENOOUS

F'LAM E "'LAST

TII,Il1 LS 81tH I NO .BIGIlOe

K ET AS

IT

HEADS

f'pq

TH-E:

TA·RG E:T

TIM 114 INCHES

LDNCI, WEI~l1S

un LBS.

Tiny Tim is Valuable Weapon for Use Against Pinpoint Targets at Best Range; New Model Shortened
motor T Tim are stered aDd fins of the Tin!! 'epallately and assembled immediately prior to use.
im RE;AD,

Three rl.lzes are useo in the base sf the haAtL Ill'mil'lg by internal gas pressure .. The odgiul\l rocket had no signif!.CflIll tionecl :liter ilbOllt 20 Ieet llf penetration, but studies life underway to jmpl'(}ve tliiS. performance, The Tim has a slant Tall~e of 4,000 yru:c1smaximu.rn. although for _greater acclill'uc relealle hould 'lre trGm 1.500te 1,000 yards. Initial trnlning ;s being given n.t dive angles of 15°, 30.0 and 50°, Il~ l·allj;e.~ ilt 29 :Palms, Calif., sud Manleo, N. C. The rocket because of its stze and \veight has less r.ange and ve-

underwater

tllaHl1

since

tlre

FuztlS Iune-

wh.l.oh has II 6.-1100 und l,3{iO fnot a second vru()city relative to the plane whicli launches the rocKet. As wilh other rockets, the 11.75" is ospecially valuable against pinpoint targets where accurate nring is n c8-ssary to hit <1bjective uch flS shfpping, cosst111 def.ense ~lLns, pill boxes, fuel eil stornge mcilities unci fl1lrti{jtlllltioTIS in general. The mund will [1e'Retrii.te a three to four foot reinforced concrete wall of S.OOO lho;/{II. test slT811gth at ~ ru ,degJ'ee:s 0blicju1tJ. J)Is!.'eJ.sl011 munds can be held ~Q a low figme.
EVA}!

locity than the
1

Y31 d'm~inl1.Hn

or

Tr:llriil'ls- filJm< 1i~1l!il t~ld\~ blJ 1I.&,;t,lnbly and firlng of '1'fUY T,m ;lre :l-v"ilnbJ at film I1bFa.ri.",-

S7119n-N"",,,bi)' ami lro:lIfi'lg of nir~"""o: f\lrl>'ard foril.~ F kl>lf .. ..,2, T,,,!.V rf,,; >11< 5~7'r,-A f"P91'i en .;r""!'fl~ :rod¢.t.• (cnior). .. N 438Jo.-.-Ti'olJ' T;:"j-'-\Trbo,.tll~ fl1rwl11'1_1 firing
IfN
",)<Ok<¢!<.

•• :<: 50)6.1 -l'ftf~

'~A"

T{I/I-H""dlll1l! "bPatd en rr'!~r. 1I:n~T1'"y rr'm-Fot~va·~tI r,rll-[~ .evitlw.

II.

REAR VIEW SHOWS NOZZLES.

-FIRING· CORD

31

Pamphlet Lists Fuel Info.rmation
publr~atr'Oh
P.rO"f'"f.de5

!hdoBcaflon

D'criCl

A new publication Aviation Pue18 and Thuit Eff(J:l;t~·ml TJ;ngf,1I(~Pel'[ortnalU;e Hbw is Ilvailable, to Naval .t\viatll')J1

personnel through
Il'lUl.MeiS.

feguln.rly established

Tile pampille.t n;\VAEn~02-H;Ll may be erdered by activities through thetr pubJicatiaru; offi.('!ei' or directly from HuAmi, PUllEr A'l:lON5 l!ll.u<CH, {.Ill fQr.m NAVAJI1, ttQ,

us-e1lil Ill£ot~nmC!)neorrnng aV"iatioJlfu~ls, HsHngs fir o(J~aTlW numbers ns well as f!_a:tfurm~II;1¢1jInum· bers. ta.lns .gelljltal

Pl'iDt€d tUe01~I,r, th~

ra.r:npb,.IetCI;),n-

publicatii,lll !tls~ CC:lulruns geuenil pr'c1 cautions ragru'cling vupor lock and water ~Mel1t, whi(lh l1J1its will fljul useful.

Ellgi!lu detmaution is esplalned jmd cQn1lmt plliwcr of Fu'els t1js.e~Hl~ecl.The

MARINE PlOT SAVES
HIS INJURED Ill. u P d.own Ensing the pUot slowU<'TIll:i'N

en the hyrlr.<mlic .~ystem sent chillsup the pilot's badk. A leak had deV:eJ.o['lf:1d ina kill g ho Ul brakes and la f1 fJl.q g fuLL~s
useless, give

.~

n

"

,

'.

..
'\ }

himSJllf time to thll'lLk. Auras-II lallding appearedcertaln ..• his ~eri· o.!!~!y il'li wtllcl }11(SslID_gel"S would nevflJ' ~"J-!I'\Ii\'eit: Surldltrliy b~ thuught of the pamchutes a bontcl. He' bulled iJ~e toww·. "Nnvy 02,,'H
. We'l'e cd'rningin for a C0ljktlyecl

11ie L_eathe:rneck circled the _Held

to

(.00·.. ..••_'b------- ,,'------- .. !
-~. ...,.

.oo..~uaJ_ues aboard 1-11.13- Marine

Were

p

(l e

hospital plane.

7..!l 0 es

ly liftiaU his RID in.to the air and cat'efully w1I1ged his way out Q.f 'the combat The

,U1ElrunWiLY.

iheWilot glid~[t the the very tip or lhe runway. utili'l.ing every f""ot Qf airstrip. ltu'ge
bare b'ansport

pilot crdered hisCI1cwmen tu (he 'chutes to supporting struts insjt.le tile eablrl. l-osllthe)U eut Ule. ernerg:I!W:y b:lt1ihes- and the tip cards at ~is command, Cutting IUs speed lu 1\
TIm
11"1'841

kUluin~t'

Star Identific.ation
I:{mv good ate YOLl in SUtf idi:nu-ill~atjoni' n~-eh circle mptese~i,ts tha nell tt ·I,lr tlw lyl M,K. OJ Or B-a,13.sell ;l~Jd l.omb Slllxtatll. _m~ of the sly. 'the stars -are ,ilia,,;;,, t-o scal 10." , both as to pti.sIHlll1 -(!.nd to brjghrness, the scale IDElgJl!tudes being "bbc same as 011 the A1114'lnt;u: lOIn! c:brtl't. The stars shown in the Reld of the saxtant ar~ enough to .ident.ifY" tJ\e star fl:tdieatt>d, 5t1lT~ areshewn our-

run

minimum.

to

was SnlQo!!lt, the patients quiet. ApJ?l'ouo.hing home fleW, the Jlil0~ ~r,e'pared W land. Working dmvn theuli@IllK-l,Iff list; evC't)'thhrg seemed ill perfect order, hut ~I last mlmite reeheek

mght

Just as the plane reacl1edllm Imlhvay mm:k on the runway, he sjgnalled his crewmen to release- the ·chutes. Clol,lds of silk billu~\.'ed (Jut and caught the rushing sHpstw.run. The plane slowed. a,oruptly, then ~!Tsed w.h£l_ad roIling to a gentle stoP. at tbe extreme end of the: n:mway. The Pl1,,tienls reached t] ha"lll3 Witb®ut a. jar, thlt plane \vlUujul 11 sCl'Rl"h-1l pe:rPeot throe-point la:ndin~. Cru:go of wOWlded :iurvived; thunRs
j

or

-f~J

side the field
sbnot,

-po~itiv(;l_ idm:ltiE~aUf)H!ll

where

neces~U1:y

ttl

the

il1genuity

of 111eir Ma:rine pilot.

ModifiedPU Pifeefs New Oemands "\IAG"61-rl1~ Photl}gl'<lpilic Depa1t~ rl1ent hug DlotLi£tecl n PBI rtlrpllcme to' 'rill~,el I he dt:IlHIIiOS I'lF iUillCf),st:d po,1 strike ll.lilVerl1se3:lld recenaaissanee us;.. sigllmellts. GUllS, lilll1'et and radar - equipmelJ1' were removed, and the react lllilclllh6 moJified myuHt. Sl>rllLpS were in~Wled to secure the camera whan not in f1S(f m.ld to l'rovid~ a: gt!tlner S belt [vi" tlle pliotjo~'flp-her. Two i'.'J\-1 mounts 'were ins~ill1&1 ill the po~Hi(}p IOffl){'l'ly gcCllpi",d by the rnd-arequjpment. r:lnd a \'.$w ROller adl,lpter WM plalJed in the !l[1ooillg pl'evlnu.~ly occupied by tl:lI~gun til rre I::_ P()st. _ fonnel'ly :ll]oommoclateu the radar IIntelloa was cuyered and two hotdhes eut, Just aft of the C_OVGr plate j(l the ,riev.' :6.ndat opening. On I'Jle hurkheJld to t:b~ left OF-lhe view !hitler. 3 vacuum and power pa.neJ was irul1!llled. Ie-IS
meunt f..urrrtg 11150 was N~11l0ved :'u::{;omrnt'idate an F-5G 4.0" camera witn
gWl

serve, By 'ShoWiflf!;''ll' mlfl,je1' frOl:l1' m~I1y angles and under viir)'ill_g ,conditions. Ihe deVke Lmiru; pilots in e>lvrngjTI'g aspects @f n shlp as tIle plane ciroles for ,,-l,:nldillg, Strlllil dots 'Of ll11orewt!lli

j;,B-uA'er CO'rilli:ft'II,-o"rucllng is fh~ ~-lJ;b· i~ct of C(!II,dd.,rable.tud)' bey -SIIShipsand BuAet.

Design E,lecfro~Geno5cope NATTC J,'l.CXl!Ol\.VJLLE- Tw'o aviation elc{,trlci~ll(S:ITl!ltG.~ here have develalplld II ttlHllhtu_g uevice knowu as WI "(~eNrG'
gl'lItlscupe"

AEMs-

to

-at1Sigll!!d to hmeh. prjucipIP.>; Lhe. e!ectt!c gel'l®;a~or and tnu~oj' [rem the si mp]etlt COlJ<16I?ti@rl tlf these

or

m..dril~eJi llJ therr comme.rdt\l

appHcH-

tlon ,in n_ircfl!ft. The machine eensrsts 0:[ a set of hrrge

The op.t'ning

ill

the Euse-luge which

dl1ring dI'lDJcinsl:l';ttiGllS, and II sinoe curve ··serct'u." To teach the l>llllplt:g;el.lcrato\, MIlan, the Hold poles aud one arnnuure t'(msi~ting of 11 siug-Ie lopp at used, This IDOl' is ('-lITm~l:ted w-illl eilh_~r slip dugs ercernmutator sn that eifuer the n:etir,m

fi(''ld p~~les ftr1(J n set ef folll' nrml\_tureS, \\rhich may Lie inrerehanged J1ll.pidly

r

u,f

all AC ge-HeraLnr or n

IJ(:

geneM.tor

may he taught As t]Qeloop is revolved, the' sin/;. curve is e!l1i\hUill1ecl itl lights
un,

the "sereeu"

cithl:!f fo" uc or

In the development

o£ gen,uHtors the

AG_

'cameras am! view Hilder t'ben are in C:l'pel'afing' positioIl. Open hatch at rigbt ot firs~ camera enables pllQtQgrapber m oprm eamaea hatehes fro·m ,the msicle. The rnl'plam:'~ stundard pllQtQ!Uiljlhic Encilftiru; were um::Iltm~_d.
[D~tG'~1O> ~~ LT. E. E. SUlI. Jit.]-

colors rue s:pu~'l -.or ptllpe'x pNints tf~ simulate t'lccrnrately night uspec~i> of the cartier 'J;'hel!lviewed under ultra-violet light. '-'Developed hy lh~ SlleclaJ Deeiees Division. om¢('! of Hesea.rcb and !n"611tlons, the - device is n:- portable knockdown viewing, box ,Vith a lurnhlhle imide. R'Zl'e)H of pitch and roll of (!flF~ til'!fa.iI-P simulated ,sj1eed nf plllutl may bFil varIed, Tbtpe pilots, Dnde-~gtllng bridlng on the nidhl appearum:e .1 ,~arrjer. may \v,ltdh the; ml'ltle] si:ro!1l'tUlleously Lhrollgh three vieWing Nclllfs. ThB homIng signal is ope_!'ateo eitbar lIutomalicolly Of m~ouplly_ aoh deviq~ inchrdes three model ea.r~iers I'lf me ov, cvi, 3:n(} eva types. If desired, the h1mtnb!e alone, witlrout tba viewing liox housing. mar be -Used in a darkened ):flcrm for ta-rge groups. The device, Js No. m-e-ss,
paint ol nflprtlprulhJ
01"1

modelelUrlers

or

t>EVIC'E

AU1S

IJIISTRUCTION

AT

:~ATTC

JAX

next ,step, fromthe simple loop is a twopole tfrri'lihlre. All the cho,co,cteriStit1iS of tl1is type macl:dne can be demoDsl:nUed with raeters, Further de:velopment ill g~ner_ato\' cimracterisl:ics is demon-

w~"."'~ ,..~ ~ VI'.

-M. liT

D,e,v;ce SJmulates Higbt CVViews Ely means of a night lighted camer v!5wing de'vice, p'llmts now _ean Itceustom th€m~el,,6S to the- l1\ght-time -sp_pear,M:!OOof e'll1:rierli an which they ,\/iJl.

CV' Rep'of"fs; On DetlleUng Pump U.S.s. L-\XE OH.<\.MPL..uN--This CnT'rier floris that the lIi:reraft gasolinl'il defuelir>g pwnp navtng a capacity of 21) g-nllo-os 11 m:inute is unsalisfap!OJ:Y. It is believed that ah'craft defueling pwqrs- must hove 11. ea,plleity of 60 g~lous ;[l minute fin carriers in eombnt,

wound armatore, All tl~t' principles of elMtl'ic MotQr opetatlons mat he 'l~tlghtOU Lhi~ device ,\limply 'by <:haogin:g cenaeetlons and brush _a.cljUSlm~ts.

~b:atet1 with a four-pol~ armature, and ch;ri<ncterisiics pr a ~mlflereml-type gerrerator with an eight-pole- wave-

fr",ym~,,''''' "', c.

M. lTuM.,'II, ~~IIl~1'... ,It ~ L,wt. A $oMltJI', ,,"-"!leI

Plexiglas

Tool Saves

Spoilage

PHOTOGRAPHY
Modd,.e Out A hall.moook eI mstrut\..iolls and pl'ltl!> IlntnlolY ( " 10-25-50) {oY the K.-G/\ Houstou ;a essiog maelrlu . wllieh now Is be.in$ nsell (j board rv's and at gunnu(y triiin.mg I\cllviti(!~ for d velnlJing J$ mru, motion picture flhll, L been stocked Jlnrl is~uod t :pbr1togmplli .lctivi ies,
FJ.lHY PII tro~ 1(.20 AlrcraH CO'If!ero;J A n'cliIIll r<:pllrt fruru th. Fleet ulak.ate~ lhtlt dillIcnlt1as linve been t-llCfltHlwrod
--l!O aircraft

Ha"dbooi

of #C-iJA HOllstoll

N AS SAIIl OlEoo-A trilO'~l?~r(lut buruisMng tool made of I>Cmp pieoes of l¥," clear plexi !.us has r6l>'Ult d ill savings of $250 p~r year in !:hI;: grupLit! arts aud photo catulog shops of the: A&II depart[flam at ~llis stMir~lI. TIIC t(lol, iJesfgllcij py it civilian eml~loyce under the Navy Empluy~I;!~' \lg~l:!$tiO!! Program, eun }~e made til" lil Vllrimt' stzes and ~hap 'S.· Tho bW'nishing lool lias rn.m UKUs.m applying and smoo1hrng out tldh6S.1Ve

rnerclally ruanula tllf-:d tools in thnt its l1'mlspW'ency provides elsar ~i~w of work beil]'g pruuesN~cl, n is smoother ill operaoOl:I due to the pliable nutur flf lil· material and it does uot break off (If Spl.inOOL Use ti!e tool has reduced man hours and "1lDilnge o~ matsrials.

or

1j)I!~n~~1>

~"

El.A11I1

E. IT(lPl'iWl

Training

Aid

ieades

Bllw.lcer

VMSn464-1nslntction in blinkt,., is ooiog stressed by this sf)uadron,

"0

l?iCrnres. stu. 'ground glass at. the foOOJ plane. tests sh ...wm!. tho t 11)1' cain '[as were in ecus. Th ('! trn u b le was f{)~111 d to be 1.11 odju...~tTI'l 'Ilt pf Ute !! IIH6t'lfl'g lmk between til trip MU V,(,UlIIlI 1111l:k. AUention of nil phot{Jgrnph.io.; (\clivilies is , called tfl FhultJgl'l,pt.y Technicul Bulletin NO. 62; Hurugr"'yJI 21, W:Well describes ttl remedy Eol' thls coodttion, Other Photograpl.l.Y Tech. ilkl'll Bulletins dealing wltli the K-.20 camera !hAt hould bf' cOII~l~ 11 when dim~1l1ties arise. me NO~, 12, 16.. 35 ANI) 'ffi, Handbooks AN lO·1J)tlO-2~ and AN J.O-I0AD-2 give 111~l:IiJc~l(lo.~ rOT the apetar- I UOIl, ma.intllfllIDC€ and overhuul l1£ Om8ex

wiLli

s

eameras prot\umng

fn/2,)

r

TOOl.

ls

'DOTH

PI.1A,BLE ANO TAANSPARENT

Pf!OJECTION

BOX UIVES

f!EALISTle

TOUCH

nni'1 Fa irchijd ffitjdeLs.

shadillg. u11'tJWs and used in graphic arts and l'hotngntphic ,..,ork when reproducmg nd prot:essiog them for pcintirrg purpeses, It is also useful ot burnish~ fng surface of paper fill" i(lking pm\'al'iOtis

cross

)1!Ltchillg,

hwract

1"

J>llH6 are ree .... ~ M it'rQtiol II~ II repmc f\ ment, MIlIlufaeture of 011:-20hlt~ been dtscgnLim.II.!d liy Ells1nIl.l,tJ .Kodf,lk Company. MiafL1Clol i II finE' gndn d veJopel' eonsld-

ElHfmilll Dlseolltl11f1e$ DI(.20 Ol!yeloper T-'bQlograpliic units ftl(j nlsltion.ing Q~2U dmoelu:per under liT: ~1JH'1.J!jS'!'OCK NO, 5.l.-U·

and for smoothing Dill cemented seams in cloth end paper. Til plexiglas tool is sllpe.rifJ), 1~1 tl(~IU-

pas s. fOr creasing paper llfter feJding

give a realistic touch. a proj6ctiol' box wru construct B, II is ;U1 enlal'.gecl19W· X :u&/' piOhu'e of R eruisec mlJwl'ted Oil a bo~ wit.h a W' projection hole at the point. where blfnker wO\I!r.l function, A 24·\ ar-cundlepower bulb j~ powered. by 48 volts dir ct current, The bulb i installed in nn l"4V downward l'eB.ector llbt, With nn ardirlll:o/ key .. (he instructor flnshl"s s.ignnls to the class,

ered supenor to th fOffUer pmtlu t.

COII$IJIfYolJr I',II&IIc.a"oll' Olleers Pl1otogmp!llc offioets who are not receiving all lJlIblic.ntions in wli'ich tht'y nra interested should contact the f'tililiaatirms oflleer.s of thetr l1ctivjl'iG$ ttl Insur fOOl"ipt of all pertinent infurmatiurL Aviation Cir. cular Latter 0044. dated 'eptmllher 2<14 1944. r Illites appoinlm lit 0 Ill) tlHker whos duty it is lu see thnr t hnieal·lmartllQLirlTl Is 01 lsserulnnted Fn))1l the original source to IhE' lowest eeh 1111'1, 1>'fblicatil'ln, tlffieers. al (I are .\'el1u~c~l til cOI'ltaol p1wtogT(lphil' activities on ships and !ttll,tin1l5 the servl.l ttl [nsur pnrtir!l~. larl:y thnt llhutu III II nr SI,Iru?tioo ",-i'li I copies the Al"ron.!lutieal Publicatian Indn. Cl1npI?'rllti® (If pln:lto!tMpMo and rl1hJj~[Itl.t)1U officers will e 'r~~ite elrculallQtt iJlr,ln)laHoII to nit hands, MIJ$f

or

.,f

Sonne Comera COII';fe Now',s Avalloble ,-\ Innr·we~k eourse in the Sonne camera became available on Angust 1 to photogmphe,'s mllies who irre gl'lldmues of tlie
l>.'T

photGppby
Ill/Ii

iholll,pl

NAS -PPShOQLA.

Tll!~ ~'WTicululll i11~ludes in~taIlalian, opmtiQD II'Illlin termnrut

camera.
114I'Jn')

Cenrses

will

convene each month

.of

the

SonIle

t the ~ VAL T1\AT~rmc; crroor. (EHO'TO(ls !>AS I'HN~(.CQLi\. CllpllClily ()f th SOIlfll' camera conrse is 15 men per: month.

Two !!l"ECd'MJ.Y de81f!.Il~d rtdrror~ have hell" d",vcl{~JlBrT N~S S 'Kl'"olU) It) Iud II/lots. A (It JrOll~ l.<i({fL' mfrwr (81'1· (;111.) p:I'Pllf Iy flld~ pJlnt.~ iT' w.tiine: and decreases the 7io;w.rd of acctdeot« 1,1 tnr type airt;.Nlft. Thif; mirr()r' fn flo tNUI lllie(..t,\· Ill(> 111gb{ ("'rrrl!OferM,/r,\ oj the rr(rplal1~, Ii). rea» (ie! mirtor (11£"- rul) rI 19l1eli (II t"i,~ .Wlf/IU tlglil1it!l tbt, jon' 1J117'~tmlJ I/lilkl\~ It 'Im,~hl(l in!' Ihe tli/vl to cheek the tailwhsal IJa&l'fiOH dSlIfllIll

tnt

34

Resulr/ed

:!iIOIl' yards, Weiglling less than two POUDlk, the i"d11g find r call be: held in oae band etlsify, l.bllge is indieafed in yards on 'I

runge of llJ:1pro<lclIiug at d'ishml.ll;.'S of <100 to

Range FI,.der Focflitofes Drills An tlidin bClltll}illgl lill't1fing I)r 1,t)Qketficiug utiBs is. UlC 8ynclitomiWi Hilnge finder dflVIiIJOp c1 by the ~pE1cinl Bevlces Divisioll of the O.B.'il1l.'III He eareh unci In vent ions, Tho devtc nnbles "round observ rs til determine the

lTD

Ot'l'8l\1rplanes

the Cunnerv Fllrn ssessor, it makes pllssibl ~aeter!TIinntiofl (if the r~tio be[\Veun .1 fighter's tWm speed 11m.! lhnt uf an enem ai1'Cl'aft, Thns; th speed ~If II e-lI(lmy plaue "ali be uele1'mimld <.IS accurutelv us pilot esbrnutes his own. To obtain this J'al1p the pilot must knew two· !ltJgle.s of{ th:e lougiludiulll luis of the tnrget plane, -with correSJ onding ranges' in <ldlUtion ttl knflwing tlLs own sp zed. rhi$ illtormutiott can be

01' He arch

an

I 11 vert~iQI'lS, U ed

\vith

AVIATION

SUPPLY

S"ootlog the Chutes to Home 8eue Pltr~dlt,.f~ lo!W('(l to pllr~ol1n('1 _milking Ilights nn k'jlY.e I;lJ'tlJj't ttt,inpcl to "'hOOl1e" by themselves, Two S}Jedli(.: J.1w,'edl(r~s huuld ),)(\folluwell: a. IJ !lbmp i's making 1"1lI\Jrn lIigbt, p.Unt u,.'SICD1f-S. r(>splinsibiH~' for eeturu <Jf chute, b. PerM'1lJ horrowlns CUllt turns it to t... Supply OffiUl" al sl1~ nonrl! d Ii'barb tion, wh 0 in turn. sends It tv home- liI1l'~IOB lIt Cuvl'.r:nmt'ul t'''pans.:-. Fond '.rew",11 to flight ~a-.tlo45. Maybe m.'~ws in flight. Irmg suffcI:ecl. by x.vrs .orllmtlnU. seou limy he 9(11 fl.'!. .tl11lrll I, h~\ been ~\\'W'l.it!cl 1"" 2.t!o .\>la1lsou II\, \l~ il ntl equipment for installution in J]~IJ·' WId M.Lt'Snll ti:b.1' pmtl',s 'lYC pnc.kuged meals of meat, vel!Ze!ables and polntul'S, Food is
)liM's
e;jl ~~Oll

TIIII l)rll,bltlm

flf

fCNH"~

pas-SE!1Jgt"l'~

,mJ

m(!iiL~

ma_)'

1)10'served

II

~OOD-YIl-"11

AlloNGE

CAN

ae

OETE'RMINIEO

{'alibrated dfsc. The d vice CM he used \ jtb EUOlID Pesitiml _J.ngl Finder. Device 3" --a3t which giv'es a irnilar indiCl.\tion o£ glide angle, The Synchronous R.:flnge Finder i .Deviee 3''E-1L, Nomogram RevealS" Torg&f Speed d~termjned now willi tile Truuet peed Nomogram, developed by the Spl;lciiU Devices Dl,vision F the Offioe h

vice

Clb~l'lined through use of the Clll1nery FUm AB esser Device 3-ll18. The Target Speed N mOgl'am. D~
3-1H6-C

uisp()Mtble plat. wiih u grell~e'pr(lof cover secured by plastic (;1)11ar, The package if. UlIsb fro1;t.'n, Plates ari!"ltl.ll~d In It Ughlweight oven uhput 1-5 lllinntC:;; betf):re serving. Rerult: Hot dhln~.
GJleQsillg

pW.l.Uy

'Iiok!}!!'

"lpeIiN" in a Maxson

Actual speed of

un fml"my

plane

cal

calibrated woad base and the; J:1e~essltly mll~ing C(})trponellts or arms to set in the r:nnge, ~lrlgles·o!Iand &ghE~j" spe~d .variah1es.
n

em sjsts nf two spedally graphs mounted on a ply-

U. '1 by

~rmw

tli.. SkIds

tor-

RQtn

or

Fog

.!fOOl! \1'111

be ,,'Ilvelt:d in a TCclmfcnl Note
'l' A!);D

ropolhult 01' Illltf.ftlgg'.ng kit,
MNl'EmArJS
JlftANcn.

EQUlYIIlEN

Office of Research and Iuventions, attention Spl;1CialDevi~ Di~ion.

qu1e....tl; sh

Itla

be directed to Chief.

rlginally lIsed £01' the Dul~ide slIl':fac:e 01 plexiglas willru.hidd~ arId greenLo~ls. ollly. \,Yi!S fouud an e.~"dlelft "nli-£tlg~ ~lget11 wheJl applb-,d to if!!;fae sl1:rf:loos. Marry stock
.1'0. l\1;I'K7l{l(lS"5

~N{3N"'El{lN. mvtsrc

• BuAmt.

'[1hi~ ~t{'ln.

Jdt.~ Ihv-e l~een deJi\'ered.

AIRCRAfT SERVICE CHANGES
_A_IR_P_t_A_N_E

AND BULL~TINS

1__ El_U_Ll_.ET·_._IN_1_D_A_T_E_I_C_H_A_N_G_E_i"_D_A_TE_ •

JM ... ,.................. JRB.SNB •.•.• ,., .•• ,.... lIte ....••.•... , . • . . . .. . .. PV ,-........... PBJ ••••••• , •••••••• ,..... pBM , , PBIY.. ..... .... PB4Y............. ~5C

f7F...................... GH-NH HNS.....................

F4!U-F3A-FG

F6F FM......

" ',
,....

229

119 49 18
11

"

J2F......................

PBY ..

H

•••

'

,

••

,

,

,

.,

. _.....

37 34 2D ., 146 59 129 12.2

5:

17-13-45 7~ 5---45 5-29-45 6-25-45
6-20-45 1!...i1-45
I

7-11-45

7-12-.4590 1-2.4--45

221 H

58 17 7

7-24-45 6-26-~5 6-3I)-4S

~0-45

7-16-4-5

R4p.....................
RSIl), .• ' RY

161 53 67 64 210
81

70

6-27-45
7-2f-45 l-fG--4S

45 5..:21-45 27 3~20.-45 0 0 5 7-19-45 169 6--27-45 74 7~17-45 1657-ji!3-45 186 7-18-45 162 127 118 30 147

7-19-45 6-15-4S 55-45

6-16-45 7--'f 3-45

7-f6-4S

Boom liar LIp Mll1roph.Qnes sllllrta_ge uf Up mikes is dtw )artl 10 fdet tIl.1t it new .J.SS(tm blv has { Jean proi,lttreU. acldhlg II penable boom to allevtRle dilRoulll.' I1cOlmtered with th~ item. New m'&';':; stot'k NCI, is. :.o.tSA/IJU. Delivery or about 8.000 1:1 Inl>ulhbL:gru:t in July. the llis~ 5,000 to Fleet

Porfable

Present

spqnding S~f)c\5ng_ "-tivity,

Bu ANOA C,L,.l'1 June IlnS) • .o~'!lWldrmt stations mWit dfll \Y only Irem followinl! M. jor SUjlply Polnts, e,ttept in extrem ~ ""mergeD y. J\1ujot Supply Points, holdiJll/: 90 days req_ulrellT tits,. urnw [rom corre

under

of RadIo Tube h Revbed tube p:rocureownl. II.Uocatio and diS_pOsitiOll for the entife Navy is no,.\·
VUG'JIIlDJ

p,.ocu,emeJtf

UIl$mwS~

niUl,io OI\'ISl@1ll'

(B\.!AJm.

154 39 40
0 0

SB2C-SBF-SBW•...•.•

, . . .. . . .. .. ,.,

45

7-HI--4-5
1 f-4., 45 7-21-45

SNJ..................... TBY.. ,

sc. ..... ~.. ,...... ...... ..
,

,. ,., ,
I

leF-TBM

,

_, .. . .

197

ss
10

6--12--45 7- 9-45 7-4l.-4S

h25-45 7-23--45

7-2+-45 6-29-45 7~ 45 7-18-45 6-16 5' 7- 4-45 7-13-45 0 0

7-HI--45

.\to /0" SlliPpl" Po;'.' SI4~JJ.lfW .J~litll'JI NAS!). Oahu t\l\'1'l. 1',,~~1n".!>or ~AS, S~attl.. ., •• , ••• NYD. P.."cl Siillfltl "AS.
SA • Ala",""'", N'AS. (".qlU

lUI.l)'eg<l ....
l;!In.ll

.,

" N" D, S.:n'lhegQ •• Nii~ Slal;g,.. NOw Clr.
I.~fl!'

N\ll.

Mar_;:lpl'lnQ.

1-24--45

238

NASi, ('tiM Solo " •• ,1:'SD, IhlholL ~AS, Salll";;u •• ..' tilth ND. S"". JII;1-Il ~.A"S, Tlillidlltl ,. ,. ,r;:Q1l'. 'rJ'inidlul Nf" ~G,I3tjtattil,~a lJl1J'.IOth l'ro, Su!. )It'll' M'CAS, Cherry faInt ,NYU, NurfolL MCA!!. Qruu.ti<io __ ." !IIYD. Nl"'loll< l'\~S, Pensacola '. ew ntl""". N£\S, ((ami 7th ::0. Pier t ~H=j _SA .In k..mvijll: ••. ,~tij ND, Pi.:'. Ml,!mJ N'AS, ~o,t~lk , •.• ". NYD, N~rt!llk NAS OnDUll'~Pftirll •• ,NYD, E'JSI"u t\ASO. PJilk,Jelphla • " YD. Philadelphia

3S

Tro'&lbl. Reports Lael!: All F~d, The [aps fre IUl!ulI}, ar cldleuied for (hell' d<1ggcd seU-deceptiOlt and reo lusal to act: \17111, 1Qgie, reason und plniu ocmmcn :>eMe lUlU y I IT\ ny of lIS at· reeently brought from II COMMANDER vurrr Alff L~ quot d in part -as fuUows: ..ft~oe:nt.ly two rurlmlft accident reports ~ubmi{b d b unit$ of ILI~ comrrrand hnye bee.u ftll41W'l\:d lip by ~tU.lI [epreslJlllnLlw5
,,( COM1I1A~[)En FLEET AIR to

has he~i1 awarded

lite

Nlii.)'

Bf;lIle1icial Suggestion Program
for this
m,·(lnH(111.

Secllrj-ng

It eel

Not

Safisfac:fol"Y

Patches Cut
VC-9-This

L;f~ Jacket

Wear

~('lu~,clron 110.s found tb,*l

":Illotl1,

remiss,.as

is sh WI]

by tWl) cases to nttetlt:J'(m. A lelter

liPe jackets IUWD a tendency 10 wear OVL at points A and B on thtl front sii:le dlrecily u,,",er the co~ hnttle eoutaiuers

tsce cut),

that of ;J_ flghl!:r fo,rQf:t1 In,,din& iII !h wi1ler. [II tl- g.16 tan k. carburetor, all d fuel 1ine.'I were cOwpletllly empty "l.lSQliuc. The acd.dl;"ll,t report gllve the OOV~e rt~ 'engine fililure: "The 5E'l'fJlld ease, Ul(ll ur all ('tl_gill() fuiloIC on tsk .... ff (t'Il~" wi~h tnw') TesnlJc·d "

true

(::1115t: It

ttl

detmtnine Lileaeeid uts, In one case,

or

.:-;.S. L.um CaA..... PLAn. I .deficll';'m:t JJI ur1ghlul de~igI1 01 the lever lHeklll-g device Oil the ratelret type uiremit secul'mg- reel hu~ ur;:en overcome on t hJs ~at'1'j:rAn j,p'IpwviseJ lockpin is llisert(,d UI LIfl!~shered ill 1ip~ of handles: and passes ever th eouMl1g (.'"dhlf'. TIle itppt'over:1 red is net ali filc(lry due ttl tlme wasted in nuuopllJating ping- ancl. loss cr ruuiilalinn of pins, is e!;pede~1. An ""-'TIM has been slIbflli1 ted on the rntehet type aircraft s6eUl-ul_~ reel because the original desjgn c1tleS nat pru... .ide adequate secutity.
~ B.,.hr CtT",,,,i)'IIt-Tlu Bureau !:illS b-"~n nw;tcc of tbis acl~l!t (or some tin" snd a iocldng Ievee bas b~en inlitalled on the
Iliter
I

statement low {IiI pressure. In~'Pe[!tiLlll [If Ule pll1ue lIy -taO personnel revealed an eITJ[lty nil lank and S'UhSt'CJlleDl Ireezl Ilg of dl ,"1I!-,!i.l1e, However, the trtrnbl 1'epcn;t ascrihed (lie failure to 'undeteentned', Ar.:the allure. • BI4Aer Comtlle"t-HolW man)' people iii ~h e ca5~ were "'deing the.n"luJve ? .... ot I,) nty tL.e pilot, '" ho J'l".gl<!CtJ),dt~ ma kll aile· quare origimd dheck, but th.e TroubleBOlU'd tool To c1J,lJ cnaes Jjk~ thi!!le inexeusable is ;an unwlttJ["ml'n(.

btl1y JarlUlug and maIO" domagt!. Thelcport 116ted low fuel pressure, thl.l pilnfs
!l

hi

uni.t:o 10 pn'venl unlocking

•. Due

to'

ide distribllt1ttn or re-4>. In ~ rvi~ it '''onId hI! jmpractical to attanpr to {nmi.J, the loo::king Il:ver '18 each activity is able to eerraet the d~feC't IQ<;;.:illy.

Spherenav

Give$

Student

a

Fix

lllnIl} , th.!l eQwling had Mt even been removed ln lUI attempt w learn !Jle cause oE

]lapicl <lIIt1 uCCUYllte soluttons to Pi" blernfi Cllcl;uul-ered by student Iluvi§ntot's are possible bv means of the Sl'herentl'

SQUA.DRONI.,~NG""ENS ,,'FE Of' MAE WEST

. ew Mor:"'ne Soves Manpower N MCAS Cm;JilJ\Y Perx ...-Spark plugs to be reoonditiuned ate disaasembl db a machine designed and C()llstmJctecl a s@Ige.tntat this station. Oue man 0,,.
efatlug tLe machine
ClUJ

A pal'a~JH1e rigger suggested HCUI! two re-enforcement piJ,tel1es >!" x ,I" he plaeed b er these poi,nts. Th p itche
increase life 01 JIl~ket.
If;,,,,,,," ..

G,'aft PositiLlIitlf developed by the Speoial Dex lees DM i{m of the Office. Gf Hese-ul'dl ;1'Jd Inventions. iIo'lally otherwi-se I!(lniuring aspects of c;"elestial navigntioll are dtui6Bd by the p(}siliDnl'r, ;mdcllnrt projectiun dlstcrtiuns ;1I'e"
Iillimiunted .
liUl"acy

by

,·.t, "V

~\'.

J.

'J.EIlON,:<<I

.. ~le

L_"~J '''',''

The sphel'e is (t)p e1l':lTeme radlal aeand eepresents fhe celestiaJ eoncave as well as- the terl:.estrial globe.

disaSJ;~ll1uJc us

MACHINE

INCREASES OUTPUT it

600 PERCENT

many spark phlg in
ehlne
i$

Iormerly did in twa days. Controlled by a foot pedal, the rna-

clll)'

us LbJ'e men

wrench made by the Ghicago I'll umaticTool Gomp3l'ly. The spllrk plug ee(.'·elvClr is C'OIUlooted to the power unit by raehet, \1\fhcn the top I}ftbC1l plug Js iJJj;6fted _into the machine; he base nf [h plug is heldJn the operater's hand. TIle counreralockwi~e 1noti{).n of th mn~hine ullS~~fi!ws !he l,hl.g MId the rejecting spring throws out the plug head when the hand pres.~e is released, The m.achine i:s ,Il'H1)lmted on '3 base
"~u

powered by

a pneil1llar:ic

vane

Idea Ald5 Rador Interpreting ~ 5 Q ONSET Po T-Diffiol)llies ill obse,'Yirng and inLerpreting the normal pattern nppearing 011 imiric.al:Qr :;ereen of model "~/""p ... 'f-4 rodr.tr l'lt'{llipil1eJlI btl" J_,~l'n eliminated by a proe dure developed at thi~ station. Trouble, due to light from outH1ri!p sour.ces pa!ising thrUgl1 (he veoliJn.timl holes ef the !D-Ii r 6A/APN." indicator J'IOd thl'otlgll unshtelded lJorliiQh ,,[UII' c!ahoJ¢ ray tUbe- ~tl'i.ki[Tg (he rear rtf the tubes' fluorescenl screen wall corrected, ;VIetlmd u:>ed is lib cover the extetrrnl.exp9&ctl portlen of the tycpe FOPl C~ th oel e HI," to be with 11 sin£jl e luyer of blue opaque celh'ilose tape. Cradle Made of Edra Material NAAF, CAsco BAY-Odds and end of matcdll.l 011 the station were utili2',ed to construct an 00leI'g_ency halllirlg out or beaching crudle for 6-3' ..\\11\ Ol'aSh boats rO~ fl!l:t,ili ne station hoatmJlIIltcnsnoe. The cr_aCJ1emakes 1] e (')f standard
l'lW

Fifty-fivetinned

navigational St-81'S are p",s-i. !It:~·urnl..ii1' Points of ufi.'part'W'e

and

destination arc ploued on th sphere .in accordance with thej~ tarre.slrjlll O(Iort]inates latitude and longitude. By means of II . calc prOVided, gr lit c1r.c:le our'S and distance then may be determinc.deasilr • Forcelestial pt:actice, altitnd!l Qbs(lr\'ations are set in tbj groper prorraotoe, \lsin,coneCtion. from fhe sp ciQi tables for elapsed time nnd trl()vement af aircraft. Then. lines

or

hOt
1111

x

10"

x lB,j.

comnmndation

from

prevent the gear fr~m being nsed !he planes For the change wa~ slh:!;hr.

sel1J?hne Le.ariliing gear Imt does

uf po~jtitJll can be dtlf~l,1n ont'lu! spber.e qllick] and acc1Irately a d a fix obtaihed. lliequests: sholl.!cll)e dirf;!('ted to Chlef, (or ORr, llvy DcpaJ1;menl Devioe 1-111'.
RestrIcted

36

Tt.e Bunker Hill's crew brave $uITQclIting name, explbdiQg rockets and bombs hi a bCJ(Uc battle dHl saveJ their ship. The Buttker Hill, opera fing wtth task f~ree it! till;: "slut" l)Btween KYUl>ll11Ind 01 ..nll\l't!, was hit twice within 30 seooncls DY Kalllfkn:my l i

AVIATION
INQUrRIES

ORDNANCE
"DPR:ESSED 1'0 THE C,",rEf; 01: BUREAU
OF

dltTiug alI'Crwl it)mUng t'qooes the timetUlt.';U111ill' retlU'fll of till' bumh '1I1d 1nnl1li()il l'ml)d [0 a b!lJlIh~llnmUiJl),l nr¢l,l--d11
p_~lru
OfU)I4ANCE

op

mtiOll

thaI

I... .

putlhmJarly

com-

51t0ULD

8E

Unit "or fOfget LIlies WIlt fur reuitng In thee !lO()' WW Imes drppp d tn Ihe- ground 1Jy llir~I]'(lH returning t'wm dtog tnk.c-rJIF tow~wllld

QuIct

sell'~willdIllg

"lARK 2 MOP 1 1Df'IdifJr;ld tI, mount two 1>ge,cian}, huilt reels on wllkll the- 1,l1'!(et Hm' S>lAcTTERED IMPE'LI.IO:R BLADES CI,IT PI.ANE Is rewound. A genf keyed to the -Sll;ift ol lock out of file way, thus llowjuj! the Ib reel i ~O'lflccted by a I'!01il't c'!.ltln with impeller III r!'Hate. Sub eqllootl • the reo a jnw dutuh I'IlOl!lotid 011 th . bmllb miler lIulWnt higll {cnllifu:gal fOre_ fill the im-

ba 'cd at M i\ll SANT. If.\RMIIA, As .mUIiY uctivities know, r~(Joverlng these lines rn,pidly kmg Ill1'? bi!ow a proh[em, and users of this ty_p,' of towing un Il large scnlp should Hncr this rewind UUll nr n slrnilar one well wortl. 1)(lvptifJil. The unit COl sisrs of 11 Bomb 'I'tui!er

Group

ing

Jtili;lilltnS

11118:

Ordnanoe

been

dcvl;()d

Io'ol.ion

elf Lh~

by

the.

Ii

D;IG>N

plieated lIbOllrQ Cllf'JTiim;. A spllI:er developed by CtlM,F'\'lflWE~TCrnST ~lud rec!!llt!y Je!ii:gunletl by 1'\1::101'1]) :l. l'runnion l3uu(1 pnCI1I' l<Ll.t", I ,uoo IJ (s'r1lcx NO, 3..s--as~S) 6hnuM ellrnlnnte J11Ul.I~ ()f this lrouble, ~Vei~hll1g abont one 2ound, tht.. fixtm Is t'lImpt:)sed of a ·trip !lr sh (/\.1: ~ (eloli 15 J lIlt" Itmg to wh ioh ;UI: welded r01l1' ~n1!l1! T"",CrmlgulM plates -1wo at, (':Jell tma-I1mt uct 1*$ !{Wde.oi lld ~1f.~a~ tht;' bomb l1S-PeruilOll Il.lgs. A short bar ~Uf!l'"rted by tWIil pl,HelI l!t1d welded to t he strip at a PI;.utl 6)~" ftnrn the ('enter or {hI" irll\t. st:tsl>ell~inll lug plates liits ill the Ildl!;tillg l~ of the ~rl1l111iQII aud, The b B.l1l1cer j s n~1lJ{)Vo;!d 1111l u ser1 rJll .lllll).~eq'(ll:nt i uOlllhs rllll'e tile mt"(] has been PQS'ltiCIDed. N,,~ s ....)!\! l)I£(tJr) i.~ '1ufflnlly mlll1l1r~chrrfng tlmsc.. i~&Il!l tor L1Sil nhuarill.. \'1UTier~, G neral tU;;trulljtillll by BU01'J) J$ sehed11100 to begill 011. Df!1Iicato RlI!mo-veUnfirflid 20mm R~nl'ldl l'l~pended 2(lnlm rounds Tl.IIDaininp; ill the mouth of F d r·"[e;c.'hanis,th .\fiAl {l.l'ter

TC,lfaxle extension. 5Mb the .;:Intell lever. whicli serve to ...,rtgage this chII'd,. and 1I brakl' p~clal. wliic:h ('cm troIs II strop ~11(1 drnm tvpe brnke mounted on the end bf the reel shaft. CilJL he opcnltt-ld eonvenlent-

ly by

It

rnan <;taTitlinll nil

(11(. un'lt's,

reM

peller blades WIlS mfficient to ClI1lS1' their oi~tegratton. FttlgtneJlts elltrily ponetrared the thh\ mem! ~kin tlF thl\ lIirt:fafl aod scriotlsiy injured the nl[ll~lllnn tit IuS sta[Jon. Similar rep .rfs hnve boon received Umn til St1ll)ttnpe ( vl':~1) ttna .... ]-lJl. Steps to (j,Jiminntt> R f0jJetitirm of this trouble hllv~ heen lui inted by the cogni7~lnt Bu.r~us, a l';JI i fu.l·reasing the size uud tensile ~trellgth the . 1m puller lock, AS \,V ,11 1'11. r!'ll"lcating tlie look one il10h fatthflf out toward th blade tips. wllile RUORD is developing all inlpelJeJ' lock de-

\"1...:1.)

ward C. D <won of
lI1illli!Ul~

after that designed

use may be rems"aci b}'
and

11

buill hySgl.
Ill'

day"ice patterned
hsnd

fS1)..(t3;J.

chunee

Us

injuries.

of de-

Ed-

or .

~igred BOnn
\t011

It)

Fending

Sl)ppl11nt the lock entirely, completion III the..~~ rC\rt~iQll.'" recommends the ffisW.l1ntion of a
Olin

p<l'illNIi' IOllk on the illlpplI'r hlpdes below Ili~h ts wTwr€l- telll npemlirlll Is Mt II;1'11Tired,

one blade to, the impeller ext€'Osil'ln hrn('lrnf wlf}, U-boll oamplee .. \v:lt11 Sp(l~ and

a Jock

be eonstructed

by linkitllJ;

TOWING

SPEED

D'£TIORI¥IINES

RSWINO

RATE

washers, but 0 her locks of equal effecl:i\'~ ness £>,'\,1'1 be devlse<l l~ry: l>y .Ii fd 'tt-"!:iyilies. If the tnvfing equipml!'nlis !'Iol seheduled For Use ill tl-IC;mmcd1l1te future; more posft:i'l'B insurance lIg;tifi.~t malhm~ tinn can ba secnred »y I:o::mtlvin~the hTLpeUef a~sembiy.
New Tru,,,;'oll 'Qnd

:R.llwiDd speed i t:QJltrnned rowing speeCl rll1:htl bomo-traiw.
pll:!tfllmI.

by

farget Reel JlI!per'er CGJI Derl!tage "'erne Increased USe cf' fhe Antiilirin:dt Tar~et Relll MAIlK fj and 1-i0DS ol\1Iing fa it 'In· clQ.SioD in the pr~sent extensiv cutter points Up the maitnfQg pO r1tialities of tlie (eel;:; f9ur~ bladed impeller. The lock £01' thill iUipaller is des1_gnen to _pre ent bla(l . r(lialinll at arr speeds up to 150 knots. At high.er spee<h, as t'ho {ol. lQwu~ Incidents· illustrale,. tile present impe.llill' lock may he('ome warped DI~t "f engagement. WiUJ MA.IlX 5-3 reel installed, a TlJ~'.a. of T01plon <IS ll5SlIml!d a 35' flO~{'dovm attitude at 220 knots while on a torpeac. tactics Hight.. D~ltc the engagflment of the impeller locle, the powetful billru. tllrque built up by the sJWstrealll benl this
J\1'.lnAriItS Iltro~~

toM"ing urogram,

and one

as well

all

two :recent

Cumbersome ruler moosnre.ments h:we heen m~ Eor pjJslti:onfngthe band. tlecyrah:~ly ill orciN tnat the bnnlh suspension lugs wlll engage tho hooks of a MAO" 51 ty_pe bi-rmh r~t)( whl!l'l the oolflb is' hoisted bv ~he trunnioll band hQiSting lu~. rnaccl.tr8t~ positioning discovered later

diffir.ful!y tn at!~emb1ing tnmnion baI1d.~ correell ' oa 500- and lOOO.pO\llld bombs.

Fleet IIctivities

Spoc.el' Soves TIlne ltmg have enc@~mtere(l

NEW

DEVICE'

ELIMINATES

HAND

IN.:IU1UES

It oon s.ists. of a elaw and handle .HttIld jllto (I fmmll thnr snaps over meuth of :feed III "hard 'lTh It operates iii this mlluner: pi!l(lt: on mollili of llleci1anl$1:l). An ('.tension Is previded 1'.1(ludl end of device lIJ fllsten it Ul pl'I;;iliofl, A hole In the hout extenslen 61;&aver 11 nut on: the face 01 tho IIll;' ban iSlII, and th Tear ~ t-ell'!ion Intel iI,l. u at ct1ge 01 mouth, Handle ~~f e-viti'! UltJJ1 lS brll\tglo:t rm" d want to permit tl) clnw tTl engag!:- 11it' baSi" lOr the l:01tlld. By holding tb claw down 1JgltiJl5;t Lhe rt)DntL 'I'itll the I:lllger~ ~md lulling .!he Mmill", trl Un" rear, thr r(lUll is eJt7cted. hncess J'J,'Uly he Tlilpeatoo fur tiny remaining UllUld!i> It mH~ he tle<.·eJillill:Yto wind up the filed mSCQarliJlm tl) place b'uoceecling J'oufjds in 1d1 mouth. B 0fU) doe~ Mt cflntemplnte fumidlir.g this dl>vice. out -recommendll I.h(lt intert'sied ,nctfvltie~ iJltmld COl'llitntCt iL IDeally.

rton'!

After the Ieed mech niseu i& relIlove-ri Ill!:! 2(1I11rl1 a I.rtl)1OlI,liG gUll" dev.ice is

'TRUNNION

SI\.NP

SPACER

SPJ;EOS

LOADING

38

L..-[

__

s _C _R _E _E _N _N_E_W_S _-III'-tlie private i1ll'iSlbilH v lives of. bact~1

_NA_T_e(h_Tra_COm____..

Mltra.be Gale craslier1. 'fJ1C cloak
which males

or

.-neuropsyehtatric
M:.,<oj·.J.;.tlld
~NO,eSIS:

(.'1I11·esc .1f 'iU"el~5 lltlSs ill p~rap\tign fllr surgical operations. Uemg human, SOllW h9spilnl cmipn1eu Ilnd Il uifficult to. hI.' tlOlltinucJUlily en guard aganl~t allt!ll"Ill) they ean't .see, Tl\.e wag who mid thnt all deadly m19J:I,)!J slloultJ be painted red, white and blne, and tagged "DatJgerQlI~," gt'ts his ~\l'i!Ih,to 011 intents and pll rpeses, III Ull~.G1m: ",t~-"15 tIL rl, .b '["!I'T 1I11,·!~.I,,-U1l'
d'l:>$l

very p_rivate inde&l Is Me of the clil6f

J?l\ti'lll to clvillan Life: ,."rlb~t FUI'II,,~-d.q.'lf""!""1 tl<lfl._r{""tM~I~4. zS:ml".

'l'htee
d.i5charged

[.ufllJtnbly

fied.

"'" I'nlm.

'~\Il'

rnuke gTel'f\,l ''''1~~·1.in~(I the 11Iltil.'l1(f, body by h!fr/.lJ-lulu.ug ,I nuli' on <the surgl;~'"'~ Itl.~trlUD<~US. il£mtted tu him hy the

his scr\:tbbi'1g tinl . Th,· presence of oocterlo is snown b}' animated dtllra<:t<'lr,;. SUc.<:ll ~eptic uNllIJJlds nf the microbe undL-W'J)rkl as 1>1I:tlpiofilCCUIi, ltlliphylocoecus, etc .. have II high (IItd tune rurulfng around cllnmwtnu[iug !.Lings. Thev

YNOI'sts: A smg;cnJ teO.Ill scrubs up fvr un ope~Uor1. 'rhe itl"trume!1t rnau. arriv-

uther gets a job in a roll~e :;hop. <In¢! ~lIe l:hItd tetwi:li t0eollege. Each In\,'tits ,u,tl $clJves the prublCIDII umillg uut 01 IlJ~ 1/W,Il pnrtleulur eavimmuent. {;reat ~e is tahm ill each case to give tbl! I'lti.ieo I 'I.lJ1lldeuce and culm 1'lts IColII'S hy Ills!>UJiiDg him l11i1l his recovery i!> eomplele (I11d t1,tlt us u DOI'll!/l.! il'ldividuaJ he- is L)r(if~ll;y able 10 (10[1- with the usual prohthut in Lhe In~l 8Jllllv!ds "muh IIMIl must \!!tud on hl~ tlwt, teet~lllld thl\t no film WJI

'iYiUnn Ilia. Doe ftltums te!us farm,

ax-l'ip patient!! oLrc and go bRUk into
,111-

Autolllafl~ Plfo' Moclt ..r1p Afds 1ral.I"9 To drurlfy and simpUfy irlstrllctlOu 111 ~BAE l'[K- i! (St:ibjll>o;c~ BorulJil)g Apptoaub F.'lHlpti1ent), t"h· u.rdll!wee pllllse of Nln, J Air Technical Trainiug ..W~ Ni.rillten\l)l{'tl School, NA!i MINNEAPIJ,tJIS. 6mi eomtruG~ n compr h 'Ilbiy~ ffit,,,k'\ll' vI the 0-1 8,U((}mil!!!!

iug llite. c U!Ii short

Ierus of .fh., diseharged yetear(lI. II.t the end uf tile .RIm. it is wfld, elenr

we olFered: (1) get a joL or illl edueatiou; (2) meet p;eqple Llllf·,,",J,Y; (:1) uvoicl the kiln! ef anti -social attitude ith;,rl sh lit!;. IJ mal'1 up III a r>eusili e shell of i n'~I1iQn: ,.J) .l$at bn . into the lilVing elf .tLir'lp. Bofore 1I?;llV'iJ1S_ hospilflI, the returnthe ~g ~-etemn is ~nlcl b)1 th~ ml~dlQllt ulIU:m', WE' run gJ"~}*btl ,~uly an iflklIng (If 11I7IV la solve your pT()ble1l18-~he rest is lip to
~IOL1.""

ooc~.llliFlISS all the sItuations whl~h 'lire likely to lime, NIl\le:LtlH>l~ ~t'!l.iu lIugqastiul1!1 IIsclul ttl every rOll,lrnlng veteran

I<.:Xp1edd1 :;l..'h~l1T11tiC iWllrlwUomu board C0l1sist4T1)1, of schematic wiring dhlgraulS slmilar tu !lwl of I'l typical PB4Y-.l installnqllh. grCi'l1.l)' '>l'llHtgI!t1, &It' Ulled for interpn~tritlg the ttIlInwf1lg wire diagfllm~, The 1Uf'lck-up hus ill' n made more praotioal b 11[1\{ng t'<\t;h unit named Illild ralul;lV:e ..:h..,,triml values shown.

volved, system.

ThIs device permits qllic~ and tlloJ;o,u.gl1 Imdel'SUlndw.g uf till) el c[l1it:ul theory 11espeeia

p Hot.

Uy

ill

the

j\

.C,

IJt1~ge'senSing

Ttl ;,lillg
~.. nl

,litl1il:rnm and

rf1tl~'tmh' mnre eornpletely 1Ie I)fl >.Tu()udmon~ .• an t'Jq11t)~1I:ld b~ililgt1 sJ&is supeeimposed ('10 the schematic
t.1tm:;Ms

of 'the acruu] eleotrtS:o.:

eal nnlts In place on Ib(~proper

'tinn vt

Olh er AJms Shipped

~1N·:; 79 Pa_ A~,~",(JI,I' u,j,j '-<Ja~lf"JI .,1 "U..bp"IJ< fr"n""riJ F·j,,"u &J(kd.-Pllff I-JJr. .i( j~ :.n.R 6- SC4R CO'nri-

'1 :\1·5791)1,1
NO J"I.ACIO FOR BAl;TERIA [101 THIS S:CENE

.!;,nUlll, .;lU "\iu.. <,J~ul .. 1>13 ""II I.MIJU,/J ~J Ai ..lmrnc 1"lJnl'lIrJ Jfl"'''ffJ

'\(.'11·"5184<1

• moke: S~fff," min.

7';,,,

R~C"ft1-P~j" l1-l', ..,v C,mfidmti ... . 14 uriu, 1

contam {rmtl.:U
t!n

<.:t»'pS:ollUI,

and fiTid

;L\I \I\ het

IlnisOL.

gate when the CoqisnUUI Oil S utI> UVIi!: Once iIlSl~C, the ruicrobes ruisc ~tIl:lllli s hI' Ule mlW<llJ. win ~ Wtu wlth the Iiou "s wlille ~ocll.s and g'Wlmlh rro'se hell with t11IJ dellentelv ba JIlJ1C'ed human DlCOh.

,au# G~.'VfiQn¥--,;J'$""'t 1."''''''''11,' ~imlilk"ti~l. 15jQU (}Qllr<rJ;ono--a~IQb

J'"

SCHEMATIC tJlU

MClCK.UP OF CIRCUIT

WIRING

.f."pJdT>.

MN 49841,1 Sm/l"~ !krlM

to«

Amphib.

sueh

MN,nal,,,

8~"'171 ConOd\ll'1lfu!,I, .5 OJ M.dic{/f' i~ .frtio"'_:RoIl""I.· >".ckd.

I",
.if

'

(ftuliaUi"~'''''IJ''

Nil,

,

-

£tlMlltdi,l>j

·rhe end result of lile l:orp~man's C!un~amputatieu .'01' the l'ati!lllf~ Ie... Wilen luGel 'Em) Celll:tal Aviation Film LiFifuwd in ("J],Jr this !J1uJ.iun pklur1-. clrilll's home 311 unfor~t!"bf 1.(>$;01.111 for breries and ub-Ltbraries lI're llstci'I belos . r hose liternl.11lind"d inrJll'idun.lJl ID wIn ~rtl Check thll nearest Library beFor~ ordl\lJ'ing. N."1V ..-lL 001' seefug Is believitl Lr. NAS 01l""";:1
IW.Sllt!SS. is
3

13 thin .. owl"r

-

ltc

balaneed nnd unbalunccd t'O!Ulibion-sof the hrll\g:es. Or it eau be used with A.C, power and the ttmpImer norrulIUy u.~.:d with hte sy~tem. CJI.1111oying UI)loTl;o l..phls to srmu1M the slJ.nl'e conciitions.

The 'bljl~rd is used wfth ~,.C. power <md sensitive tWQ-\\'ay voltmeters I blah ]lh(l~,·

bridge.

board. The, entire .device :is wired in a Jlllmlllif It 11t.:tua.11y becomes the
lltlit

Pi}:; all tl'\I'ce euntrol sy!aerns.

Jot of talk has gone Q'{er the d'aul and .1lC\·ctaI libl'mes of Iltetahlre IUI.V6 been ,VJitien ahout wbal will haPVfn II)

8.,. Homll,

('""'i

hl" omes. hQI'I'n: from the lVUS. S~me iI1~il;l J I~ flttoo 1\ thorny bmm ble ]>11U I of fl',(Idjllstment; 'olh~B sa thtl problem ",~ists !ullely In..tht! in:uIgil'wUou of ~bl;\$e who wine UhOtLt it. As th ... dOllds or worth !tettle .down, tile ll,ain Eaot reD1ajlli~'" t'IB3J'ly v1ulJle< is; thnt iru:Hviclmll elrc!1TT1II

Joe - men

wh

taUy. .morrillr

!lnd

phy:dcnlly -

NAt: Na"y 1:Jlt_9 NAM:C Phi!Adelt'~'" :>I'AOTC J:u:'kIlllllyilk 111'.11.5 Ci·ros~ 11.. N'ASJW4I",1<; J\!'AS.Molie.tt NAS I;e",' Vllrk NA:'! Nori6lk N",\S l'.... mttnt
N'ASAiJllftt.'\ N:A g Clinton

NAB

C<>m irSJ,l1J omVwll· Al'u U .. !.rQU TWO
S=tlJ~

A nA'r • MAS St. LUtHS X.A__ Sa" Di~<> r f,. ...... "I 4 • .2~. 24, :n, ~AS !I,",w)' 1: l15 J~, 1I"1l4:> 1\"/\ -NlIVY $11~ ~JI,S~OlvY HZIJ [)",1) 01, f>orl TT nltUUil1cII'A Trt P~nJ<ll.~",m C-c,m~;iPb.., :-'.'\1'11 ;tJ'pw!'ilmLi

Lhe

N.i4TethTraC<>!II t.lsh Cflangss In SclJoob The tmbfl.jiit shllool formerly IQOl1ted at
NAVAL. 4UI 1'~~'1C:AL TML-..'lNO
GE'N-

S.\ 11 R( L..kclII"'~1 ~ilVY ~Jn~ '1',\ t. N~''Y ~ 11fi
M4&1.NI·

moved to NATE a'TRAC«N ~ June 3rt, 1941>. Bru;tc anti. advanced lTIuHilJg
NA:V t. 'mAJ:NlNC CUOOL

'11m.

WhrH

.I..'Wf

AN1Nl(INV., OWe"I\.GO ut

was
nil

(Sl'l'.CUI.

M .\1 lIHrallUll ~\CA'S C'h...... r'"i"t y MC'AS J14g1e.M t. La~. lie S E1Ctlll,'v M :.AS.ru·, '1<0

kUIld'red different way-s. This faat is J'elJ<lgflt1.ed in the I) west Blili 011 re:1.I1jllstj;1l fit. which t~t!lllwt'fl'l('(l WillI fhe frlmn of tlw II fJ.'Ilrietrtl

stances vary.and

shape tIle probltlm in ~\

,~H~"S ~oj~"e MC'4S N4y)' ~ 61 .. lsl'UIJ J.I r AS !i!u""li~" !\H"~IH; 8ioml<l Ihrrblll'll

~r .s Pa.ttl
'I,h MM

VI CEll ) 1ft< I \"taus tf'l' OJ? c;mcA:GO. It~s been ,Uscontinl,led. "l'!Ii,lln~ in lhe Lmk cQl~stial navigation I:rrtinc:r at 'AS Qm~Nsltl' 'PO'fWl' wa~ dls~aDtlnl,leu 011 .'\:4¢US~ Ill. 1945TI:l() parachute riggers .'ichool at r(l\1I LAXE)nmST hn..s r M~t'd itt outricululll to include in tl'UI~ti(lln an ndilitiOnai 1furvivul gear {llid rlllated equipmellt. The couae lUIS hp n lengtJ1ened fr<l1ln 12; 1(1 1S weekl,

rJ~-

tbe

39

LETTERS
1 won my ncAl" wi'l,l~ while l;ltrvrog in the t\. \J-" frum Jul) _l94l to June :1M2. Infnrmaricn i r4iljul;sted as to wlw,ht'x 1 .. wh ,ludwny.uu lu wear the subject wings. If I u rn 111l111 ••.r17.(ld, ,I :is r I~he[ re'l \I es I eu t:bIlL detulls be: snpp1ied a.~ t,n ~n1Tet'l t1Dsl' LiOII St'lc1. insIgnia sbutlld be worn on the 1-lf11fuml. I T urn due to gr~ buck to tll1! Stnles !lnu,1 ,J]Jd would 11k llll! hrll.lrllm{lon beforehaod, AI!) help yQIJ l'lJuld giVt Ill!:' would lit' apprt:'l)illted. -V~IH.n .L'r, J,\M.I>S Y. Tno~us

On the Job Tight, and !'beeDfully, comma, And zoolllie will thallI. you, and So wt1l hiS momma. c u ss LT, (jg) E. D. ICErcJf

CONTENTS
Ryulyll5 Grump" $UlI'v/lla! N0 DId ••••••••.•• ... 'ettlbO'nl!. ",.,.,. , ••• ', ••

Sms~

Sms:

III 1933 when I waS 11.11 ide to Rear Ad~ a crniro.l Arthut St. Clair Smnh, OSN. \Vl~Q8e 1IRgs.lfip IvM Ole l! M el1Jplil3. wg

In rd'erc.nce to the picture and note on the sOIJt:healll comer of plIge 13 in your Issue of 1 Ai1-gwl1vou u.skwhc~he[ Ilnyon~ call IDltl-cll thl "whopper,"

ro
1''3
I' 6
1'7' 19 20

Te,' ,," .... , . , .. "
II

anebored one .aflumoon in the harbor of

..s.s.

rtl",,.

C 1111,.0' rrj" r K"ow?

FO'g

...,

rOil

..•••..•••.

""gilt

Scrfefy

•.........•.•. Ono- •••••••

Fleet Atr Wilt, Slror. St(lUOIil
"""Jf<1t_.Qf

Hew Cutaway G- Suits ..•.•
.,.,., .• ,... ", Mr:rJlltell(JlIe.e

26
27

1i Wing~ tu·~ cOlJ'siae[t:(l a part t)f tlJ1..l uaval unllurm, not a decuruuun. Thereforea\'iali<:lIl inlilgnll.l of olLel' I\tItimL.~er uthee erviees aUIY not be worn OJI lhe navnl uniioTm, •
'nlSl

2'9 '. ):0 13
, 37

TIlly Tlm."
Tec.ltllical/y

•.•••

, •• , ••..

Speoklng

•.•• ,..
...

Novol Avl"t'''1! Is Gloflal
OEPART'ME.NTS:
llllblicotionsG.ompll'l'" 18.; No.ig"tion

QOi" 12. qUit 32;

We cotllilised the following diU) lc> Corlnto. Nicaragua. Impaled on the- bow tlcouragc more ttmrtlllgli and regular tll theiw exactly the same place as the checks PU life \!f:!Sts, ill lIeQordmJoo with whale. shown in the picture was a 12 ft. T,!). 25'-45: saiJH&b. As yoa know a saUlish is a st:teak: 1II case ~I 2OO)Die should ever chrulc.e of ,bIll!;! ligl tfliog. ,To have Illlgn'le frtilnte, and, wet hls P!lD:l5, 1'ho humorous angle to this. WIlS thal, Lfbttttlly and figurutilll,.'ly. see whitt I AthnimJ. Smith w~,$ II great fl~hQrlllan and

ruup

IIhot-ruiraph y
Chonges H;

14.;
Mllllion

Aircraft

Sl!... k.,

SUlIDly 3S; Mr· 40.

Illtian <lrd"anCe 3&; S~r"." He... 39;
N.A-r~chTraC:om It; Letltr;f

U!l1tlU-

1\ gP<~ Mill! ''''~st wDuld be just keen. But II gd.Qd MI WcsJ doesn't just happen, I!:sp ilCiiill 'if s is' ever wugha Jll'Il'piu': 'rht!)I hUITe to he inspected, lind fM in ]''''ai! ure to do this is werse than tape. Hurd!}! fl man is, now alive But it's time you did. llndrelllll it well And pI as dsn't ll11ttter "What the hen!" Su ho fpr nn~lillghts and dye lfIllr!t,e'r pllckel:!;; Well 511of'Uyb~ Illspir(lIJ:ng ulilife jlloko\.~-

shll-pe;

d""'ing hi~ ~lITtlrc tour of E1l1l1 on lhe flilllll1ph-kJ he seb.w evwy opportunity tel go J:l&hlng, patlicnlarlr for sailfi~h. Ide rl Wf caugl tone. R. M. HmCKJ;.J;lY. CAI"J'. ll!;'N
S ns; All cretIn i$ due the U.S,s,
I.!lO

ANSWERS TO yUIZZ£S

NAVIGATION

PROBLEtd

Ip.321

J. Delleb

2.. A~pllera"'"

1. Pehll'l. 4. Sph:CI QUIZ (p. 121

Who IIaG -rE'1I0 T,O.

~!5

and her

achievements describetl ill NAVAl. i\\'lATI N N'E~ • page 4-8, July ~ i~S.U6. S.I!.e'$ doing' l' grand job. Fn)' the T-e(;uril 1inwever the Cttl>.nllm
r (lUo.WFJCI\:I'IO'N 'aUINtNt:

f

Mottlttfkalz

GRAMPAW'S

1. 115 knots.

<Ref: FS8 21·44,

LilT el'~ its ()Wl~ highs: /(1) On June 4, 1944 Lt Too:)' T. Guil10ry. l<SO, waved pHbl$ nboo.td 101' "633
l.undfngl>; th!l~r:by qwtlifyil'lg 8:l of !.hem, ltb'lRrd rite IJ•. S. W lLtlCt'!rlc.
$ of I.his \vrltin!t l'l'Ver 42,000 landir'l81' hove been made aboard the U.S.-S.

U~1'r

ut Clenvie1.v

2. Bee.ause the $Ilit '"c(CO$er VOlt' resiston.:e 10 ~he e'ff"en of high eereel.lllation and rll~ mil)' u-n'lriUillgly poll 100. monr, "9'S" hfgre. ,rea,Uzing it, unless ~Oy 'hll~" '1oiricrl yoo r5e!f
d" recommended in FSB 3-45.

3. 15 in£hl1$, Ref: TO 1Tl·44. 4. False, Acrobatl~ over cO"9'csted areas are specificolly tOfb:adcfl ~\'
,CAR 60,104,

(b,

Wulv riM nnd the U... S. Sable whheut

fatality' tlf an)' kine! on either ship. The last httnUty WII5 in Sept. 11M,*- hen w 11 pilot was lost. \ (;} There were [10 ;tlcdiient5 on the U ,5.5. Sabll;! iuvol v illg .any inJmy to pl'r~QIllI.L>L <If ;~Ily flilpUir grealer than the ftlpll!.Q.eml;lrJt I.lf vue twI wll!!1U l!:>llamblf between Aprlllu, Ul4()ancl May 211.194~, altbougll i041 landings Were made. ( d) AlsQ.,. from J IlUlJ.llJ'Y 3, 1943 to April l!l, UJ~.. J.2.B.~ IllIldings \ ere made abOilTd ~le U.s,S. tV,,1 i'riru: witl'Qul; an "e:" or "n" rnuterlal accident.
it

5. Bank illC;reO$es arid prolcIIlgs "s." thus iocleosin9 pOS5i~jlity ot o. blllcitOpt, h. high "g" 51011, c. Slrur;-turlll failure. Ref: TN's 22·44'and 72--44 IIIn d "G" Sen~e.

C.O. CQTU. G...u.V!EW r
,,~d ~"r.(hl

1",,<,,''''el\l 'GONfRI.B1.H19!'1S

dl" .. m'MI"

o",arioutrcol "''';!O'''It1''Cn INVITEO. "" ',;"011 .loQ"11i b ... ."...d ".~.,. p""Ii<obl~ 10 ;",<1,. ,~" .... rei, d"Uverv ~I rTiol~tlcll ,"bm'tI~d lor Dubll.~allon. ,oddrel.ed tU fo'i.IQ....-,:C~iel 0'1· N",."'! Op. ,<Ii ,on.. No.ol "",I ...lio" Ne.... th••, Iilepar'",.nl, WOlhlflg-'on 25, O.C.
\'0".1,,,;,1

P"blil"~d

,.."",hl,

by C~,~J <>1'No ... ! Opor"'I.,,~.

an"

'Nh~;~,,',~Io''''olio~10 lo.e

01 ....,'onqo .. c' 10>

40

Restric..'t ell

~s1e put tIre'1>£NT
iNV IteNT rY

t ,

5

Identifies

Whatevedlies

e Kcept - of cou rse -!himself!

tlluj·aircrair fire in front of Jap
Kantikazes. This Jap plane disinregraeed as it dived dl'rough the

Tstay

HE FLEET THAT CAME to pulled dowa a curtain. of

horizon.blankecingacreeo of steel. Water around the sn&£ace craft boiled from the hail, of faU:iQ.g shell par ricles, Other larger
splash($ mark Kamikaze graves.

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