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# Series and Parallel Circuits

Mitch Gramazio

Purpose: To study current flow, voltage, and resistance in series and parallel circuits. Materials: • (1) Circuit Board w/ accompanying wires • Varying Resistors • (2) 10 Ω Resistors • (2) 51 Ω Resistors • (2) 68 Ω Resistors • (3) Lightbulbs • (1) Power Supply of 3V • (1) Voltmeter • (1) Ammeter • (1) CBL w/ TI-84 Calculator Data: Tolerance and Resistance Resistors 10 Ω 51 Ω 68 Ω 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% Tolerance Minimum Resistance 9.975 Ω 48.45 Ω 64.6 Ω Maximum Resistance 10.5 Ω 53.55 Ω 71.4 Ω

Series Resistance, Voltage, and Current

Resistor 1 1 10 Ω 2 10 Ω 3 51 Ω

Resistor 2 10 Ω 51 Ω 51 Ω

Current 0.151 A 0.050 A 0.031 A

Voltage 1 1.41 V 0.46 V 1.45 V

Voltage 2 1.41 V 2.42 V 1.45 V

Total Resistance 18.68 Ω 57.60 Ω 93.55 Ω

Total Voltage 2.98 V 2.88 V 2.91 V

973 Ω 12.203 A 0.46 V Voltage Current 0.189 A 0.87 V CurrentTotal = 0.074 A 0.49 Ω Resistance First Bulb Second Bulb Third Bulb 12.82 V 2. and Current Resistor 1 1 51 Ω 2 51 Ω 3 68 Ω Resistor 2 51 Ω 68 Ω 68 Ω Current 0.074 A ResistanceTotal = 36.220 A .18 Ω 2.84 V Voltage 2 2.074 A Parallel VoltageTotal = 2.027 Ω 11.83 V 2.44 V 2.58 Ω Resistance First Bulb Second Bulb Third Bulb 12.90 Ω 32.85 Current Flow in Series and Parallel Circuits Resistance 1 Series Parallel 10 Ω 51 Ω Resistance 2 51 Ω 68 Ω Current 1 0.074 A 0.045 A Series/Parallel Resistance.81 V 2.89 V 0.059 A 0.045 A Voltage 1 2. Voltage.612 A ResistanceTotal = 4.83 2.83 V Total Resistance 23.80 V CurrentTotal = 0.050 A 0.82 V 2.50 Ω Total Voltage 2. and Current with Lightbulbs Series VoltageTotal = 2.83 2. Voltage.12 Ω 11.044 A 0.10 Ω 31.46 V 2.486 Ω 0.91 Ω 12.Parallel Resistance.050 A 0.060 A Current 2 0.96 V 0.85 V Voltage Current 0.

2. The one with the least resistance. we experimented with a circuit board which consisted of resistors and light bulbs. The same principle applies to light bulbs. 8. 100 Ω 3. for the the experiment with light bulbs. 7. the current before and after each resistor is the same. 10. but they were not. 34 Ω 6. using pre-existing resistors (which had a certain tolerance level each). . Also in a series. in a parallel circuit. voltage. we did not know the resistance of each individual light bulb. From the first part of the lab. the voltage before and after each resistor is the same. the resistances add up. However.Results: Throughout this lab. 28. 19.6 Ω.7 Ω.8 Ω. The currents before and after each resistor add up to the total current. 9. we experienced problems. when connected in a series. we were able to find the individual resistance of each lightbulb. 25 Ω. 93. In a series. while proving that the same principles apply. 60 Ω.87 Ω (plus/minus 5% each given resistance) 5. This lab has deepened my understanding on electricity. this lab has helped me to better understand how electric current. and resistance is affected by the circuit it is connected in. However. 57. V = I * R Conclusion: In conclusion. During the lab. The inverse of the resistance is equal to the inverse of the resistances of each resistor. 20 Ω. Using mathematical equations and measuring carefully. Analysis: 1. the voltage before and after each resistor adds up to the total voltage. though. It has also helped me learn how to physically visualize and set up a parallel circuit which used to be hard for me to see. we learned that. This might have been a cause of human error or tolerance. 4. The resistances in part 2 and 3 were supposed to be the same.