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Mitch Gramazio

Purpose: To study current flow, voltage, and resistance in series and parallel circuits. Materials: • (1) Circuit Board w/ accompanying wires • Varying Resistors • (2) 10 Ω Resistors • (2) 51 Ω Resistors • (2) 68 Ω Resistors • (3) Lightbulbs • (1) Power Supply of 3V • (1) Voltmeter • (1) Ammeter • (1) CBL w/ TI-84 Calculator Data: Tolerance and Resistance Resistors 10 Ω 51 Ω 68 Ω 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% Tolerance Minimum Resistance 9.975 Ω 48.45 Ω 64.6 Ω Maximum Resistance 10.5 Ω 53.55 Ω 71.4 Ω

Series Resistance, Voltage, and Current

Resistor 1 1 10 Ω 2 10 Ω 3 51 Ω

Resistor 2 10 Ω 51 Ω 51 Ω

Current 0.151 A 0.050 A 0.031 A

Voltage 1 1.41 V 0.46 V 1.45 V

Voltage 2 1.41 V 2.42 V 1.45 V

Total Resistance 18.68 Ω 57.60 Ω 93.55 Ω

Total Voltage 2.98 V 2.88 V 2.91 V

074 A ResistanceTotal = 36.220 A .18 Ω 2.044 A 0.059 A 0.074 A Parallel VoltageTotal = 2.91 Ω 12. Voltage. Voltage.203 A 0.83 2.50 Ω Total Voltage 2.612 A ResistanceTotal = 4.85 V Voltage Current 0.050 A 0.87 V CurrentTotal = 0.58 Ω Resistance First Bulb Second Bulb Third Bulb 12.83 V 2.82 V 2.82 V 2.80 V CurrentTotal = 0.44 V 2.83 V Total Resistance 23.10 Ω 31.Parallel Resistance.89 V 0.96 V 0.045 A Series/Parallel Resistance.060 A Current 2 0.46 V Voltage Current 0.045 A Voltage 1 2.074 A 0. and Current Resistor 1 1 51 Ω 2 51 Ω 3 68 Ω Resistor 2 51 Ω 68 Ω 68 Ω Current 0.12 Ω 11.90 Ω 32.050 A 0.486 Ω 0.49 Ω Resistance First Bulb Second Bulb Third Bulb 12.85 Current Flow in Series and Parallel Circuits Resistance 1 Series Parallel 10 Ω 51 Ω Resistance 2 51 Ω 68 Ω Current 1 0.027 Ω 11.84 V Voltage 2 2.189 A 0.81 V 2. and Current with Lightbulbs Series VoltageTotal = 2.46 V 2.973 Ω 12.83 2.074 A 0.

57. 10.6 Ω. 4. The resistances in part 2 and 3 were supposed to be the same. in a parallel circuit. Analysis: 1. 7. voltage. the voltage before and after each resistor adds up to the total voltage.Results: Throughout this lab. 19.8 Ω. Using mathematical equations and measuring carefully. 8. During the lab. The inverse of the resistance is equal to the inverse of the resistances of each resistor. However. This lab has deepened my understanding on electricity. while proving that the same principles apply. we experienced problems. In a series. and resistance is affected by the circuit it is connected in. 9. 20 Ω. However. we experimented with a circuit board which consisted of resistors and light bulbs. 93. 34 Ω 6. we learned that. 28. From the first part of the lab. V = I * R Conclusion: In conclusion. 60 Ω. 100 Ω 3. 25 Ω.87 Ω (plus/minus 5% each given resistance) 5. the resistances add up. . 2. this lab has helped me to better understand how electric current. we did not know the resistance of each individual light bulb. using pre-existing resistors (which had a certain tolerance level each). The same principle applies to light bulbs. Also in a series. It has also helped me learn how to physically visualize and set up a parallel circuit which used to be hard for me to see. The currents before and after each resistor add up to the total current. The one with the least resistance. the voltage before and after each resistor is the same. but they were not. when connected in a series. we were able to find the individual resistance of each lightbulb. though.7 Ω. the current before and after each resistor is the same. This might have been a cause of human error or tolerance. for the the experiment with light bulbs.

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