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kfln ltlk6s kl/ro tyf ljgolk6ssf

af]lwsyf, wDdrSskjQg, oz k|jH| of / pk;Dkbf ljlw
— leIf' ;+3/lIft æ;4Dd sf]ljbÆ
af}4 cWoog s]Gb|Lo ljefu, lq=lj=lj=

ltlk6ssf] kl/roM
af}4x?sf] ;jf{lws k|Fdfl0fs af}4 jfª\do / af}4 ;flxTo eGg' g} ltlk6s -lqlk6s_ x'g\ . tLg u|Gyx? ;'Qlk6s,
ljgolk6s / clewDdlk6ssf] ;+ux| nfO{ g} ltlk6s elgG5 . wd{bz{gsf] ;fu/ g} x'g–\ ltlk6s .
æltlk6sÆ zAb a'4efiffsf] ?kdf lrlgPsf] kflnefiff zAb xf] . æltÆ / ælk6sÆ ldn]/ ltlk6s ePsf 5g\ . oxf“
æltÆ eGgfn] tLg a'lemG5 . ælk6sÆ eg]sf] cy{ u|Gy cyjf lstfa klg x'g\ eg] csf]{ cy{ bfnf] klg x'g\ . ljleGg j:t'x?
Ps} 7fp“df ;+ux| ug]{ bfnf]h:t} g} otfptf kl//fv]sf a'4jrgx? Ps} 7fp“df ;+ux| ug]{ cy{df lk6s eg]sf x'g\ . leIf' ;'dw]
wL/;'dw] -cg'=_, æ;Dk"0f{ a'4jrg ltlk6sof ;f/Æ, -sf7df8f}M+ ;4d{ k|rf/s k'rM,@)%*_, k[= @

eujfg\ a'4n] a'4Tj k|fKt ug'{ePkZrft\ ufp“–ufp“df, gu/ gu/df, hgkb hgkbdf clg b]z b]zfGt/df rfl/sfM
ug'e
{ O{ hlt klg pkb]z b]zgf ug'eof], tL pkb]zx?nfO{ Ps} 7fp“df ;+ux| ug]{ k|of; g} ltlk6s u|Gy xf] . eGg'kbf{, h;/
L lxGb"x?sf j]b, O;fOx?sf afOan, d'l:ndx?sf s'/fg k|dv
" u|Gy x'g,\ To;/L g} ltlk6s af}4x?sf d"n u|Gy x'g\ . o;sf
afjh'b klg, lqlk6snfO{ Ps k|FrLg P]ltxfl;s u|Gysf] ?kdf lng] ul/G5 .

ltlk6s–a'4jrgsf] ljefhgM
eujfg\ a'4åf/f b]lzt ;Dk"0f{ a'4jrgnfO{ c6\syfrfo{x?n] ljleGg cg';f/ ljefhg u/]/ b]vfOPsf] 5 . d"ntM
pxf“sf] jrgnfO{ ;f/f+zdf o;/L ljefhg ul//fv]sf] 5— cfrfo{ leIF' cd[tfgGb, æa'4sfnLg >fjs rl/t– ^Æ, -sf7df8f}M+ cfgGbs'6L ljxf/
u'7L, @)$$_, k[=!#^–!$% ;Dd

!= ;a} a'4jrg /;sf] lx;fan] Ps k|sf/, Tof] xf] ljd'lQm /; .
@= wd{ / ljgosf] lx;fan] b'O{ k|sf/ .
#= k|yd–dWod–clGtd jrgsf] lx;fan] tLg k|sf/, cyf{t\ a'4 x'gf;fy k|s6 ug'e
{ Psf] æcg]shflt;+;f/+==Æ ufyf
a'4sf] k|yd jrg, kl/lgjf{0f;dodf cf1f x'ge
' Psf] æxGb bflg leSvj] ==== cKkdfb]g ;Dkfb]yÆ a'4sf] clGtd jrg /
aLrdf h] hlt pxf“n] eGg'eof], tL ;a} dWod jrg x'g\ .
$= lk6ssf] lx;fan] tLg k|sf/, tL x'g–\ lggolk6s, ;'Qlk6s / clewDdlk6s .
%= lgsfosf] lx;fan] kf“r k|sf/, tL x'g–\ bL3lgsfo, dlHemdlgsfo, ;+oQ
' mlgosf, c+uQ
' /lgsfo / v'2slgsfo
. oxf“ v'2slgsfoleq ljgolk6s, clewd{lk6ssf] ;f/f+z tyf v'2skf7 ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\ .
^= c+usf] lx;fan] gf} k|sf/, tL x'g–\ ;'Q, u]oo\ , j]oo\ fs/0f, ufyf, pbfg, Oltj'Qs, hfts, cAe'twDd, j]bNn .
&= :sGwsf] lx;fan] rf}/f;Lxhf/ wd{:sGw . ltlk6ssf] ;'Qlk6s u|Gydf klg v'2slgsfosf] Ps u|Gy æy]/ufyfkflnÆ
eGg]df cfgGbsf] pb\uf/ k|s6 ePcg'?k ;Dk"0f{ ltlk6s u|Gydf *$,))) wd{:sGw -wd{ lzIffkb_ 5g\ eGg] s'/f o;/L
cfPsf] 5—æ *@,))) wd{:sGwx? a'4af6 u|x0f u/]sf] 5', wd{ ;]gfklt ;fl/k'q dxf:ylj/ nufot leIf';3+ af6 @,)))
wd{:sGwx> y|x0f u/]sf] 5' / hDdf *$,))) wd{:sGwx? d}n] /fd|/L kl/efljtf u/]sf] 5' .Æ y]/ufyf kfln, k[= cfgGby]/ufy,
uf=g+= !)@&

ltlk6s eOcfPsf] ljifodfM
a'4sfndf pxf“n] b]zgf ul//fVg'ePsf pkb]znfO{ wd{ / ljgodfq elgPsf] 5 . a'4n] dxfkl/lgjf{0} f ;dodf
cfgGbnfO{ eGg'ePsf] lyof]— æcfgGb, ;fob ltdLx?nfO{ nfUg ;s5, lat]sf -ctLt_ zf:tfsf] of] jrg xf], -ca_ xfd|f
zf:tf 5}gg\ . cfgB, o:tf] dgdf lng'xG' g . cfgGb, h'g wd{ / ljgo b]zgf u/]sf] xf], k|1Kt u/]sf] xf], d geO;s]kl5 ToxL
wd{ / ljgo ltdLx?sf zf:tf x'g5
] g\ .Æ b'08axfb'/ jh|frfo{ -cg'=, ;+=_, æbL3lgsfoÆ, -nlntk'/M jL/–k"0f{ k':ts ;+ux| fno, @)%^_, k[= @&(
o;af6 klg :ki6 x'gcfp“5, eujfg\ a'4sf] ;dodf ltlk6s eGg] zAb ePsf] 5}g, To;a]nf wd{ / ljgo eGg] dfq
lyP . k|yd / låtLo ;+ufog u/]sf] ;do;Dd klg tLg lk6s u/L cnu 5'6fO/fv]sf] lyPg, wd{ / ljgodfq g} lyP .
ltlj6s cyjf t]lk6s eGg] zAb t];f| ] ;+ufogfkZrft\ dfq eP/ cfPsf] lyof] . ltlk6s eg]sf] ef8f]dfq x'g,\ bfnf] /
afs;df kmnkm"n /fVgsf] nflu dfq eP;l/ . kmnkm"n cyjf a'4jrg eg]sf] eujfg\ a'4n] wd{sf] lzIff l;sfO/fVg'ePb]lv
g} oyfjt\ eO/fv]s} ljifo x'g\ . km]l/, k|yd / låtLo ;+ufogfdf ;+ux| ul/Psf] wd{ / ljgodWo] wd{ eGgfn] To; zAbdf
;'Qlk6s / clewDdlk6s klg uflePsf] 5 eGg] s'/f a'em\gk' ¥of] .
-1-

a'4jrg ltlk6ssf] lnlka4M
a'4sf] dxfkl/lgjf{0fkl5 k6s k6s ;DkGg ;+ufogfdf pxf“sf] ;Dk"0f{ a'4jrgnfO{ ;+ux| / ;+/If0f ug]{ sfo{ eof]
. ha;Dd a'4sf pkb]zx?nfO{ tfnkqdf s'8+ g\ ] / lnlka4 ug]{ sfo{ ePg, ta;Dd pxf“sf] ;Dk"0f{ pkb]znfO{ 3f]Sg] / s07
ug]{ k/Dk/fdf hLljt /fv] . s07 ubf{ klg ;a}n] ;a} s07 ug]{ gu/L h–h;nfO{ h'g h'g efu dgk5{, ToxL ToxL efu s07
ub{5g\ . h:tf] ls bL3ef0fjs bL3lgsfo -nfdf wd{bz
] gf_ kf7 ug],{ dlHemdef0fjs dlHemdlgsfo -dWod wd{bz
] gf_ kf7
ug]{ Pj+ lsl;dn] Ps Pshgfn] Pp6f Pp6f lhDdf lnO{ s07 ul//fv]sf lyP . o;/L ltlk6snfO{ s07 u/]/ ;+/If0f ug]{
cfrfo{x? o;/L b]vfOPsf] 5— leIf', k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= @)
s= ljgolk6s kIfwf/L cfrfo{x?M— ljgolk6snfO{ s07 u/]/ ;'/lIft ul//fVg] cfrfo{ leIf'x? o;k|sf/ lyP– !=
leIF' pkfnL, @= leIF' bf;s, #= leIF' ;f]0fs, $= leIF' l;Uuj, %= leIf' df]Uulnk'Qlt:; .
v= ;'Qlk6s kIfwf/L cfrfo{x?M—;'Qlk6snfO{ s07 ug]{ lhDdf lnP/ ;+/If0f ul//fVg] cfrfo{ leIf'x? o;/L
cfPsf] 5– != leIf' cfgGbn] bL3lgsfo s07 u/L l;sfpg] lhDdf lng'ePsf] lyof], @= leIF' ;fl/k'qsf lziox?n]
dlHemdlgsfo s07 u/L ;+/If0f ug]{ lhDdf lnP, #= leIF' dxfs:;kn] ;+oQ
' mlgsfo s07 ug]{ lhDdf lnP, $= leIf' cg'?4n]
' / lgsfo s07 ug]{ lhDdf lnP . t/ v'2slgsfo s;nfO{ lhDdf lbPsf] / s;n] lhDdf lnPsf] eGg] s'/f eg] :ki6
c+uQ
ePsf] b]lv+bg} .
u= clewDdlk6s kIfwf/L cfrfo{x?M—clewDdlk6snfO{ s07 u/L ;+/If0f ul//fVg] cfrfo{ k/Dk/f o;k|sf/
5g\– != leIF' ;fl/k'q, @= leIf' e2lh, #= leIf' ;f]let, $= leIf' lkohfnL, %= leIF' lkokfn, ^= leIf' lkob:;L, &= leIF'
sf]l;ok'q, *= leIf' l;jUu, (= leIF' ;+bx] , !)= leIf' df]Uulnk'Q, !!= leIF' lt:;bQ, !@= leIf' wlDdo, !#= leIf' bf;s, !$
leIf' ;f]0fs, !%= leIF' /]jt .
a'4zf;gdf klxnf]kN6 >Ln+sfsf /fhf j§ufldgL ceo /fhfsf] ;dodf ;DkGg rf}yf] ;+ufogfdf cfP/ ltlk6snfO{
lnlka4 ug]{ sfo{ eof] . O{=k"= &( lt/ %)) leIf'x?sf] pkl:yltdf >Ln+sfsf] cfnf]s ljxf/df cfof]hgf ul/Psf] clg
k':tsf?9 ;+ufogfsf] gfdn] klg k|l;4 pQm rf}yf] ;+ufogfdf ltlk6snfO{ tfnkqdf s'l+ 8of] eg] ;o kN6;Dd k9]/ ltlk6s
z'4 klg ul/of] . k|sfz jh|frfo{, æaf}4 bk{0fÆ, - sf7df8f}M+ a'4holGt ;df/f]x ;ldlt / wd{sLlt{ k|sfzg, @)%#_, k[= !!!
;g\ !)) df ;d|f6 slgisn] %)) leIF'x?sf] pkl:yltdf sflZd/df ;jf{l:tjfbLx?sf] Ps ;+ufogf u/]sf lyP,
h'g a]nf ltlk6snfO{ ;+:s[t efifdf /rgf ug]{ sfd dfq ePg, clkt' lqlk6snfO{ tfd|kqdf s'8+ /] Pp6f 7"nf] :t"ksf]
ue{leq ;+/If0fsf] nflu /fVg nufOof] t/ tL u|Gy cBfjlw;Dd km]nf kfl/Psf] eg] 5}g . jh|frfo{, k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL $
adf{sf /fhf ld08f]s -ldg\ bf]g\ ldg\_sf] cf>odf ;g\ !*&! df df+8n]l:yt /fhb/af/df kf“rf} ;+ufogf kf“r
dlxgf;Dd rn]sf] lyof] . @$)) leIf'x? ;lDdlnt /x]sf] pQm ;+ufogfaf6 ;Dk"0f{ ltlk6snfO{ &@( j6f ;+ud/d/x?df
s'l+ 8of], h'g cBfjlw df+8n]sf] ;dLkd} s'yf] bfr\ ljxf/df ljBdfg 5 . jh|frfo{, k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL $, k[= !!@
af}4 b]z yfOn}08df klg ltlk6snfO{ k6s k6s u/L tfnkqdf s'l+ 8Psf] b]lvG5 . a'=;+= @)@) df ltnf]s/fh eGg]
/fhfsf] sfndf klxnf]kN6 ltlk6snfO{ ;+zf]wg u/L tfnkqdf s'8+ fOof] . a'=;+= @##! df km|f jfb ;db]r k|mf a'4oMb km\jf
r'nfnf]s eGg]sf] ;dodf ltlk6snfO{ ;+zf]wg u/L bf];f| k] N6 tfnkqdf s'8+ fOof] . a'=;+= @$#! b]lv a'=;+= @$#^ ;Dddf k|mf
jfb ;db]r k|mf r'nrMd snfp rfp o" x'jfsf] ;dodf ltlk6snfO{ ;+zf]wg u/L k':tssf ?kdf k|sflzt ul/of] . a'=;+=
@$^* b]lv a'=;+= @$&# ;Dddf k|mf jfb ;db]r k|mf ks snfp o" x'jfsf] kfnfdf ltlk6snfo{ ;+zf]wg u/L k'gM k':tssf
?kdf k|sflzt ul/of] . leIf', k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= @!
xfn cfP/ kfln ltlktssf cWoogstf{sf nflu Hofb} ;xh x'g] lsl;dn] kflnefiffdf ;Dk"0f{ u|Gy / l;8Ldf ;d]t
k"0f{?kn] lgsfnL ljkZogf ljzf]wg ljGof;n] wd{bfg ul//fv]sf 5g\ . ljleGg lxGbL, >Ln+sf, yfO, ald{h efiffdf klg
ltlkts k|sflzt eO/fv]s} 5g\ . of] Pp6f ;'vb\ ljifo eOlbPsf] s'/fdf b'O{ dt 5}g .
a'4sf] hGde"ld g]kfndf klg eujfg\ a'4sf] d"n jrg ltlktsnfO{ g]kfnefiffdf k|sflzt ug]{ of]hgf t eO/fv]s}
5g\ . o;cg';f/ klxnf] u|Gy ;'Qlktssf clwsf+z u|Gyx? k|sflzt klg eO;s]sf 5g\ . To;f] ePtf klg ljgolkts /
clewDdlk6ssf u|Gyx? g]kfnefiffdf cg'jfb eP/ k|sflzt eO/fv]sf] b]lv+bg} . ;'lgG5, ljgolk6ssf u|Gyx? cg'jfbsf]
sfddf Ps leIf' nfluk/]sf klg 5g\ .

ltlk6ssf] ;f/f+zM
eujfg\ a'4n] a'4Tj k|flKtkZrft\ k|yd wd{rqmk|jt{gb]lv cfhLjg -$% jif{;Dd_ b]zgf ug'{ePsf] ;Dk"0f{ a'4jrg
eGg' g} ltlk6s xf] . o; ltlk6snfO{ d+yg u/L ;f/f+z lgsfn]df ;}l+ t; af]lwklIfowd{ )rf/ ;ltk6\7fg, rf/ ;Dos\ko| Tg, rf/
Ol4kfb, kf“r OlGb|o, kf“r an, ;ft ;Daf]Wo+u / cf7 dfu{¨nfO{ ;}l+ t; af]lwklIfowd{ elgG5 . o; af/]df lj:t[t hfgsf/Lsf] nflu gfgLd}o+ f dfgGw/åf/f
cg'lbt af]lwklSvo bLkgL u|Gy x]g{' pko'Qm x'G5 . lg:sG5, h'g ltlk6ssf] ;f/f+x x'g\ . o; ;}l+ t; af]lwklIfowd{nfO{ klg cem dGyg
u/L lgsfn]df ;ft ljz'l4 ) ;ft ljz'l4 eGgfn] oL x'g—\ != ;Ln–ljz'l4 -zLn ljz'l4_, @= lrQ–ljz'l4 -lrQ ljz'l4_, #= lbl6\7–ljz'l4 -b[li6
ljz'l4_, $= s+vfljt/0f–ljz'l4 -sf+Iffljt/0f ljz'l4_, %= dUufdUu `fg b:;g–ljz'l4 -dfuf{dfu{ 1fg bz{g ljz'l4_, ^= kl6kbf `f0f b:;g–ljz'l4 -k|l6k|bf
1fg bz{g ljz'l4_, / &= `f0fb:;g–ljz'l4 -1fg bz{g ljz'l4_ . lg:sG5, h'g ltlk6ssf] ;f/ x'g\ . cem oL ;ft ljz'l4nfO{ klg dGyg

u/L lgrf]8 lgsfn]df zLn, ;dflw / k|1f lg:sG5, h'g ltlk6ssf] ;f/ x'g\ . o;nfO{ clw;Ln ;f;g !) pRr g}lts lzIff,
clwlrQ ;f;g !! pRr dfgl;s lzIff / clwk~`f ;f;g !@ pRr k|1fsf] lzIff klg elgG5 . ) gfgLd}o+ f dfgGw/ -cg'=_,
-2-

æaf]lwklSvo bLkgLÆ, -sf7df8f}M+ leIf' clg?4 dxf:ylj/ k|dv
' ;d"x, @)#*_, k[= #@

a'4wd{sf] u|Gy qmd
a'4wd{df ltlk6s u|Gy dxTjk"0f{ eP/ klg o;;+u} cGo u|Gyx? klg ;DalGwt x'g cfPsf] 5 . To;}n] a'4wd{df
u|Gy ;DaGw o;/L 5— leIf', k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= @*
!= a'4wd{sf] d"n u|Gy kfln ltlk6s xf] .
@= ltlk6ssf] JofVof ePsf] bf];f| ] u|GynfO{ c6\7syf cyjf j00fgf elgG5 .
#= c6\7syfnfO{ JofVof ul/Psf] t];f| ] txsf] u|GynfO{ 6Lsf elgG5 .
$= 6LsfnfO{ JofVof ul//fv]sf] rf}yf} txsf] u|GynfO{ cg'6Lsf elgG5 .

ltlk6ssf] ljefhg
a'4sf] d"n pkb]z ltlk6s xf] . o; cGtu{t hDdf $% j6f u|Gyx? ;dfj]z ePsf] 5g\ . o;nfO{ o;/L klg
b]vfOPsf] 5— leIf', k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= $#%
!= Psb]lv cf7 efu;Ddsf] -*j6f_ u|Gyx? ljgolk6sdf ;dfj]z 5g\ .
@= gf}bl] v t]lQ+;;Ddsf] -@%j6f_ u|Gyx? ;'Qlk6sdf ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\ .
#= rf}lt+;b]lv k}t+ fln;;Ddsf] -!$j6f_ u|Gyx? clewDdlk6sdf ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\ .
o;sf afjh'b klg, a9L :ki6 a'lemg] Pj+ k|rlnt?kdf a'4jrgsf] d"n ;|Ft] ltlk6snfO{ k|dv
' tM tLg u|Gydf
ljefhg ul/Psf 5g\ . tL x'gM\ —
] gfsf s'/fx? ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\,
!_ ;'Qlk6s -;"qlk6s_ = o; u|Gydf eujfg\ a'4sf ljleGg k|sf/sf wd{bz
@_ ljgolk6s = o;df leIf'–leIf'0fLx?sf ljgo–lgod ;DaGwL s'/fx? ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\,
#_ clewDdlk6s = o; u|Gydf pxf“ eujfg\ a'4sf dxTjk"0f{ Pj+ uDeL/ pkb]zx?nfO{ ;+ux| ul//fv]sf 5g\ .

;'Qlk6sM
ltlk6ssf] klxnf] u|Gy ;'Qlk6s xf] . wd{ a'em\gsf] nflu ljljw pbfx/0fx? lbP/ atfO/fv]sf] o; u|Gydf klg kf“r
u|Gyx? 5g\— leIf', k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= !, @%,@^
!_ bL3lgsfo = nfdf] ;"q cyjf wd{bz
] gf ;+ux| ul//fv]sf] u|Gy . o;df #$ j6f ;"qx? 5g\ .
] gfx? ;+ux| ul//fv]sf] u|Gy . o;df hDdf !%@ j6f
@_ dlHemdlgsfo = nfdf] klg xf]Og, 5f]6f] klg xf]Og, l7Sssf wd{bz
;"qx? 5g\ .
] gfnfO{ ljleGg ?kn] b]vfO/fv]sf] u|Gy, h:tf]ls sf]zn b]zsf]
#_ ;+oQ
' lgsfo = ;"qsf] ?kdf b]zgf ul//fv]sf] wd{bz
36gf;+u ;DaGw ePsf] sf]zn;+oQ
' , dxfsfZoksf af/]df atfO/fv]sf]nfO{ s:;k;+oQ
' , dfu{sf] ljifodf atfO/fv]sf]nfO{
dUu;+oQ
' , cflb . o;df hDdf %^ j6f ;+oQ
' m 5g\ .
] gf ;+Vofsf] lx;fan] qmd}l;t cnu cnu /flvPsf] u|Gy . h:tf]ls Pp6f ePsf] wd{sf]
$_ c+uQ
' /lgsfo = ;"q cyjf wd{bz
;+Vof, b'O6f ePsf] wd{sf] ;+Vof, tLgj6f ePsf] wd{sf] ;+Vof egL ljleGg ?kn] b]vfOPsf] u|Gy . o;df hDdf !! j6f
lgkftx? 5g\ .
] gf, To;f] eg]sf] cy{ >fjseflift, hLjgL tyf hftssf pbfx/0f lbP/ atfO/
%_ v'2slgsfo = ;"q cyjf klsGgs wd{bz
fv]sf] u|Gy . o;df hDdf !% j6f u|Gyx? 5g\ . tL x'gM\ — != v'2skf7, @= wDdkb, #= pbfg, $= Oltj'Qs, %= ;'Qlgkft,
^= ljdfgjTy', &= k]tjTy', *= y]/ufyf, (= y]/Lufyf, !)= hfts, !!= lg2]; -dxflg2];, r'Nnlg2];_, !@= kl6;lDebfdUu, !#=
ckbfg, !$= a'4j+;, !%= rl/oflk6s .
adf{sf] 5}7f}+ ;+ufogfaf6 o; v'2slgsfo cGtu{t g]lQs/0f, k]6sf]kb]; / ldlnGbk~x u|Gux?nfO{ klg ;dfj]z
ul/;s]sf] 5 . o; cg';f/ v'2slgsfo cGtu{t !* j6f u|Gyx? 5g\ . cem Ælg2];Æ cGtu{tsf] dxflg2]; / r"nlg2];nfO{
b'O{ 5'§f5'§} u|Gy dfGg] xf] eg] v'2slgsfo cGtu{t !( j6f u|Gyx? 5g\, h'g 5}7f}+ ;+ufogfkZrft\ d'lb|t kfln ltlk6sdf
pNn]v eO;s]sf] 5 .

ljgolk6sM
ltlk6ssf] bf];f| ] u|Gy ljgolk6s eujfg\ a'4n] kfng ug'k{ g]{ lgodx?nfO{ lnP/ atfpg'ePsf] pkb]zsf] ;+ux|
u|Gy xf] . o;df kf“rj6f u|Gyx? 5g\ . tL o;k|sf/ 5g\— c= ;'hftf -;+=_, æclewDd :dfl/sfÆ, -sf7df8f}M+ clewDd cWoog ;dfh g]kfn,
@)^)_, k[= &$–!@( tyf leIf' k"jf]Q
{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= !

!= kf/flhskfln -leSv'l' je¨_— leIF'x¿n] ug{ gx'g] @@& lgodx¿sf] ljifodf pNn]v ePsf] u|Gy,
@= kflrlQokfln -leSv'0fLlje¨_— leIf'0fLx¿n] ug{ gx'g] #!! lgodx¿sf] ljifodf ;+ux| ul/Psf] u|Gy,
#= dxfjUu— ;a}eGbf klxn] a'4hLjgL / ljgoljlw ljifodf pkb]z ePsf] u|Gy,
$=r'NnjUu— ljgo–lgodsf] ljlw / leIf'0fLx¿sf] pboqmd clg ;+ufogfsf] Oltxf;sf ljifodf pNn]v ePsf] u|Gy,
-3-

%=kl/jf/— ljgosf otfptfsf] s'/fx¿ ;+ux| ul//fv]sf] u|Gy .

clewDdlk6sM
ltlk6ssf] t];f| ] u|Gy clewDdlk6sdf ;a} wd{sf] dfq ;+ux| ul//fv]sf] 5 . o; u|Gydf ;ftj6f u|Gyx? ;dfj]z
ePsf 5g\ . tL x'gM\ — leIf', k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= @, @&
!= wDd;+u0fL = wd{sf] ljifoa:t'x? ;+ux| ul//fv]sf] u|Gy,
@= lje+u = wd{nfO{ ljefhg u/L atfOPsf] u|Gy,
#= wft'syf = wd{ / wft' eg]sf] s;/L ;DalGwt 5 eGg] s'/f b]vfOPsf] u|Gy,
$= k'Uunk~`lt = k'bu\ nx?sf] ljifodf atfOPsf] ^ k|1lKtnfO{ b]vfO/fv]sf] u|Gy,
%= syfjTy' = @!(j6f k|Zgf]Q/ u/L unt wf/0ffnfO{ ;'wf/ ul//fv]sf] u|Gy,
^= ods = hf]8f hf]8f ePsf] wd{sf] JofVof ul/Psf] u|Gy,
&= k6\7fg = @$ j6f k|Too wd{ k/:k/ s;/L cfwf/ lnO/fv]sf] 5 eGg]nfO{ b]vfOPsf] u|Gy .

af}4 jfª\dosf] bf];f| ] txsf] u|GyM c6\7syf
af}4 jfª\dodf klxnf] k|fyldstf k|FKt Pj+ cflwsfl/s / k|fdfl0fs u|Gy ltlk6s xf] eg] o;kl5 cfpg] bf];f| ] txsf]
k|fdfl0fs u|Gydf c6\7syf kb{5 . c6\7syfnfO{ klg ltlk6s;l/ tLg txdf ljefhg ul/Psf] 5 . tL x'g—
\ != ;'Qlk6s
c6\7syf, @= ljgolk6s c6\7syf / #= clewDdlk6s c6\7syf . ) ljgolk6s] dxfjUukfln, Outk'/LM ljkZogf ljzf]wg ljGof;,
!((*, k[=!@

;'Qlk6s—c6\7syf
;'Qlk6ssf] j0f{g cyjf JofVof ePsf] u|GynfO{ æ;'Qlk6s c6\7syfÆ elgG5 . kfln jfª\dodf o;sf] ;+Vof %
j6f /x]sf] pNn]v 5 . ltgLx? o;k|sf/ 5g\— != bL3lgsfo c6\7syf -;'dª\unljnfl;gL_, @= dlHemdlgsfo c6\7syf
-kk~r;"bgL_, #= ;+oQ
' lgsfo c6\7syf -;f/TyKksfl;gL_, $= c+uQ
' /lgsfo c6\7syf -dgf]/yk"/0fL_, %= v'2slgsfo
c6\7syf .
v'2slgsfo c6\7syf cGtu{tsf u|Gyx? x'g—
\ v'2skf7 c6\7syf -k/dTyhf]ltsf_, wDdkb c6\7syf, pbfg
c6\7syf -k/dTybLkgL_, Oltj'Qs c6\7syf -k/dTybLkgL_, ;'Qlgkft c6\7syf -k/dTyhf]ltsf_, ljdfgjTy' c6\7syf k/dTybLkgL_, k]tjTy' c6\7syf -k/dTybLkgL_, y]/ufyf c6\7syf -k/dTybLkgL_, y]/Lufyf c6\7syf -k/dTybLkgL_,
ckbfg c6\7syf -lj;'4hgljnfl;gL_, a'4j+; c6\7syf -dw'/Tyljnfl;gL_, rl/oflk6s c6\7syf -k/dTybLkgL_, hfts
c6\7syf, dxflg2]; c6\7syf -;4DdKkHhf]ltsf_, r"nlg2]; c6\7syf -;4DdKkHhf]ltsf_, kl6;lDebfdUu c6\7syf ;4DdKksfl;gL_, g]lQKks/0f c6\7syf, k]6sf]kb]; c6\7syf, ldlnGbk~x c6\7syf .

ljgolk6s—c6\7syf
ljgolk6ssf] JofVof ePsf] c6\7syfnfO{ æljgolk6s c6\7syfÆ -;dGtkf;flbsf_ elgG5 . logLx?sf] ;+Vof ^
j6f /x]sf] kfln ltlk6s u|Gydf o;/L b]vfPsf] 5— != kf/flhs c6\7syf, @= kflrlQo c6\7syf, #= dxfjUu c6\7syf,
$= r"njUu c6\7syf, %= kl/jf/ c6\7syf, ^= sª\vfljt/0fL -kfltkf]Sv_ c6\7syf .

clewDdlk6s—c6\7syf
clewDdlk6ssf] JofVof ePsf] u|GynfO{ æclewDdlk6s c6\7syfÆ elgG5 . o;snfO{ tLgj6f u|Gydf 5\TofP/
kfln jfª\dodf o;/L b]vfOPsf] 5M— != wDd;¨l0f c6\7syf -c6\7;flngL_, @= lje¨ c6\7syf -;Ddf]xljgf]bgL_, #=
k~rKks/0f c6\7syf -wft'syf, k'Uunk~`lQ, syfjTy', ods Pj+ k6\7fgsf c6\7syfx?_ .

ltlk6ssf] t];f| ] txsf] u|GyM 6Lsf
af}4 jfª\dosf] klxnf] txsf] u|Gydf ltlk6s cfp“5 eg] o;sf] JofVof ePsf] bf];f| ] txsf] u|Gy c6\7syf xf] .
c6\7syfsf] klg JofVof ePsf] t];f| ] txsf] u|GynfO{ 6Lsf elgG5 . 6LsfnfO{ klg tLg txdf ljefhg u/]/ b]vfOPsf] 5 .
kfln jfª\dodf ;d'Nn]v ePsf tL u|Gyx? o;k|sf/ 5g\— != ;'Qlk6s 6Lsf, @= ljgolk6s 6Lsf / #= clewDdlk6s 6Lsf
. ) ljgolk6s] dxfjUukfln, Outk'/LM ljkZogf ljzf]wg ljGof;, !((*, k[=!#

;'Qlk6s—6Lsf
;'Qlk6s 6Lsf cGtu{t & j6f u|Gyx? cfPsf 5g\ . tL x'g—
\ != bL3lgsfo 6Lsf -nLgTyKksf;gf_, @= bL3lgsfo
;LnSvGwjUu clegj 6Lsf -;fw'ljnfl;gL_, #= dlHemdlgsfo 6Lsf -nLgTyKksf;gf_, $= ;+oQ
' lgsfo 6Lsf -nLgTyKksf;gf_,
%= c+u'Q/lgsfo 6Lsf -;f/Tyd~h";f_, ^= g]lQKks/0f 6Lsf -nLgTyj00ff_, &= g]lQljefljgL 6Lsf .

ljoglk6s—6Lsf
ljgolk6s 6Lsf cGtu{t ^ j6f 6Lsf u|Gyx? ;dfj]z ePsf] 5g\ . kfln jfª\dodf plNnlvt oL u|Gyx? o;k|sf/
-4-

5g\— != jlh/a'l4 6Lsf, @= ;f/TybLkgL 6Lsf, #= ljdltljgf]bgL 6Lsf, $= ljgofnª\sf/ 6Lsf, $= sª\vfljt/0fL k'/f0f
6Lsf, ^= sª\vfljt/0fL clegj 6Lsf .

clewDdlk6s—6Lsf / c'g6Lsf
clewDdlk6s 6Lsf cGtu{t klg ^ j6f 6Lsf u|Gyx? ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\ . kfln jfª\dodf pNn]v k/]sf tL
u|Gyx? o;k|sf/ /x]sf 5g\— != wDd;¨l0f d"n6Lsf, @= wDd;¨l0f cg'6Lsf, #= lje¨ d"n6Lsf, $= lje¨ cg'6Lsf, %=
k~rKks/0f d"n6Lsf, ^= k~rKks/0f cg'6Lsf .

c6\7syfrfo{x?åf/f ltlk6ssf] ;+lIfKt JofVof
ltlk6ssf] JofVof ug]{ c6\7syfrfo{x?n] ljleGg c6\7syfx?sf] /rgf ug'e
{ Psf 5g\ . tL c6\7syfrfo{x?n] ;f/
f+zdf ltlk6snfO{ o;/L JofVof ul//fv]sf] 5— leIf', k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= @*
!=
– ljgolk6s cf0ff b]zgf xf] . o; wd{bz
] gfsf] nIf0f w]/} t kfng g} ug'k{ g]{ eof] .
–;'Qlk6s jf]xf/ b]zgf xf] . o; wd{bz
] gf ;'Gg]x?sf] afgL / rl/qnfO{ ljrf/ u/L pgLx?sf] cg'sn
" ul/Psf] pkb]z xf] .
– clewDdlk6s k/dTy b]zgf xf] . jf]xf/ cyjf 7fp“;u+ ;DaGw g/fvL k|of]hgs} dfq ljrf/ u/L b]zgf ul/Psf] clt g}
pQd wd{bzgfx? xf] .
@=
– ljgolk6s oyfk/fw;f;gf xf] . b]fif x'g] sfd ub}{ NofPkl5 To;sf] b]fifnfo{ b]vfO{ To;af6 cnu x'g] ljifo xf] .
– ;'Qlk6s oyfg'nf]e;f;g xf] . ;'Gg]x?sf] afgL / rl/q x]/L qmd}l;t a'em\g] u/L pkdf lbP/ atfOPsf] pkb]z xf] .
– clewDdlk6s oyfwDd;f;g xf] . To;f] eg]sf] wd{sf] ;f/ ;f/ pkb]zx? xf] .
#=
– ljgolk6s ;+j/f;+j/syf cyf{t\ ;+od x'g] / ;+od gx'gs
] f] af/]df xf] .
– ;'Qlk6s lbl6\7ljlgj]7g syf cyf{t\ b[li6 eGg] unt wf/0ffnfo{ 5f]l8lbg] cf/Dd0fsf] af/] b]zgf ul//fv]sf] xf] .
– clewDdlk6s gfd ?k kl/R5]b syf xf] . To;f] eg]sf] dtna gfd / ?k cyjf z/L/ / dgsf] ljifo xf] .
$=
– ljgolk6s clw;Lnl;Svf cyf{t clw;Lnsf] af/]df a'em\g] xf] . dtna dflysf] zLn xf] .
– ;'Qlk6s clwlrQ l;Svf cyf{t\ dflysf] ;dflwsf] af/] a'em\g] xf] .
– clewDdlk6s clwk~`f l;Svf cyf{t\ pRrtd k|1fsf] lzIff xf] .
%=
– ljgolk6s jLltsDdkxfg cyf{t\ e2f zLnnfO{ 5f]8g\ ;Sg] xf], h;sf] sf/0f zLn pNn+3g ug]{ xf] .
– ;'Qlk6s kl/o'67\ fg kxfg cyf{t\ lrQnfo{ tflg/fVg] aLrsf] Sn]z xf], dtna gLj/0f xf] . To; Sn]zn] lrQnfO{ /f]sL
;dflw x'g glbg] xf] .
– clewDdlk6s cg';o kxfg xf] cyf{t\ ;'Id Sn]znfO{ 5f]8g\ ;Sg] xf] .

ltlk6s cGtu{t ljgolk6sM
lqlk6ssf] bf];f| ] lk6s xf]— ljgolk6s -Dicipline_ . o; lk6sdf a'4sf >fjslziox? leIf'–leIf'0fLx?sf
cfrf/ ;DaGwL lgod tyf To; ;DaGwL Oltxf; / JofVofx?nfO{ ;+ux| ul//fv]sf] 5 . of] u|GynfO{ kf“rj6f u|Gydf ljefhg
ul/Psf] 5 . tL x'g—
\ leIf', k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= !
!= dxflje¨ -leIf'lje¨_— leIF'x¿n] ug{ gx'g] @@& lgodx¿sf] ljifodf pNn]v ePsf] u|Gy,
@= leSv'0fLlje¨— leIf'0fLx¿n] ug{ gx'g] #!! lgodx¿sf] ljifodf ;+ux| ul/Psf] u|Gy,
#= dxfjUu— ;a}eGbf klxn] a'4hLjgL / ljgoljlw ljifodf pkb]z ePsf] u|Gy,
$=r'NnjUu— ljgo–lgodsf] ljlw / leIf'0fLx¿sf] pboqmd clg ;+ufogfsf] Oltxf;sf ljifodf pNn]v ePsf] u|Gy,
%=kl/jf/— ljgosf otfptfsf] s'/fx¿ ;+ux| ul//fv]sf] u|Gy .
;fdfGotM lqlk6ssf] ljefhg ul/Psf] ;"rLdf ljgolk6snfO{ o;/L klg ljefhg ul/Psf] kfOG5, h'g a'4sfnLg
k|To]s u|Gyx?df kfOG5—
!= kf/flhskfln,
-5-

@= kflrlQokfln,
oL b'On
{ fO{ ;'Qlje¨ klg elgG5 .
#= dxfjUukfln,
$=r'NnjUukfln
oL b'On{ fO{ vGws klg elgG5 .
%=kl/jf/kfln
oxf“ a'em\gk' g]{ s'/f of] 5 ls leIf'lje¨ eGg' / kf/flhskfln eGg' Pp6} xf] . To;/L g} leSv'0fLlje¨ eGg' /
kflrlQokfln eGg' klg Pp6} xf] .
;Dk"0f{ a'4jrgnfO{ $% j6f u|Gysf] ?kdf ln+bf ljgolk6s cGtu{t hDdf * j6f u|Gyx? ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\ .
o;nfO{ o;/L :ki6 kfg{ ;lsG5— k"jf]Q{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= $#% b]lv
!= klxnf] u|Gy / bf];f| ] u|GynfO{ dxflje¨ cyjf leIf'lje¨ elgG5 .
@= t];f| ] u|GynfO{ leSv'gLlje¨ elgG5 .
#= rf}yf] / kf“rf} u|GynfO{ dxfjUu elgG5 .
$= 5}7+ f] / ;ftf} u|GynfO{ r'NnjUu elgG5 .
%= cf7f}+ tyf ljgolk6ssf] clGtd u|GynfO{ kl/jf/ elgG5 .

ljgolk6ssf] dxfjUuM Ps kl/ro
ljgolk6ssf ljleGg u|Gyx¿dWo] klg oxf“ rrf{ x'g nfu]sf] u|Gy s]jn dxfjUudfq xf] . dxfjUu eGgfn] zAbaf6}
:ki6 x'gcfp“5– 7"nf] ju{ . o; ju{df ljgolk6ssf] rf}yf] / kf“rf} u|Gy u/L b'O6f u|Gy ;dfj]z ePsf 5g= cyf{t\ ltlk6sf
$% j6f u|Gyx?dWo] b'O{ j6f u|Gyx? o; dxfju{df ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\ .
ltlk6ssf] / ljgolk6ssf] klg rf}yf] u|Gy clg dxfjUusf] klxnf] u|Gydf vGwssf lx;fan] rf/j6f vGwsx? 5g\
. To;/L g} ltlk6ssf] / ljgolk6ssf] klg kf“rf} u|Gy clg dxfjUusf] bf];f| ] u|Gydf ^ j6f vGwsx? ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\ .
o;k|sf/ dxfjUu u|Gydf hDdf bzj6f vGwsx¿ -cWofox¿_ ;d]l6Psf 5g\ . tL x'g—\ ) /fx'n ;f+:s[Tofog, æljgo–lk6sÆ, tfOjfgM b skf]/{ 6] al8 ckm b a'4 Pb'sz
] g kmfp08]zg_, k[= &#–##* ;Dd tyf k"jf]Q
{ m kfbl6Kk0fL !, k[= %!$–%^) ;Dd

!= dxfvGws -7"nf] vGw_M— o; cWofodf eujfg\ a'4n] af]lw1fg k|fKt ug'{ePsf] s'/fb]lv lnP/ klxnf]
wd{rqmk|jt{g;"qsf] b]zgf ug'e
{ Psf], cgQnSvg;"qsf] b]zgf ug'e
{ Psf], ozs'nk'q / pgsf kl/jf/ clg pgsf ;fyLx¿nfO{
wd{bz
] gfåf/f af]w u/fpg'ePsf], xhf/ hl6nx¿nfO{ cflbQkl/ofo;"qsf] pkb]z ug'e
{ O{ af]w u/fpg'ePsf], lalDa;f/ /
fhfnfO{ wd{bz
] gf ug'e
{ O{ af]w u/fpg'ePsf], ;fl/k'q / df}bu\ Nofogx¿ k|jl| ht x'gcfPsf], pkHemfoa|t -cfkm"nfO{ k|jl| ht
u/fpg'xg' ] u'¿k|lt ug'k{ g]{ sQ{Jo_, ;l4ljxfl/sj|t -cfkm"n] k|jl| ht u/fPsf] lzionfO{ ug'k{ g]{ sQ{Jo_, k|0ffd -lgZsfzg ug]_{ ,
Ifdf dfUg], `lQrt'Tysd{åf/f pk;Dkbf x'g,] rf/ lg:;osf] ljifodf eGg], cfr/Loj|t -cfrfo{kl| t ug'k{ g]{ sQ{Jo_, cGt]jfl;sj|t
-cfkm\gf] cf>o lnPsfx¿nfO{ ug'k{ g]{ sQ{Jo_, lg:;o lbg]nfO{ /f]ls/fVg], k|jl| ht u/fpg], klxnf tLy{s
+ / eP/ cfPsfx¿nfO{
k|jl| ht u/fpg], k7g–kf7g u/fpg], aGw'sDd, k|jl| ht x'g] u'0f;DklQ gx'g,] >fd0f]/ x'g,] >fd0f]/nfO{ b08 lbg] lzIffkb,
k|jl| ht ug{ gx'g,] pk;Dkbfljlw, ;+odåf/f bf]if geOsg klg leIf'nfO{ b08 lbg];Ddsf] pNn]v k/]sf] 5 .
@= pkf];yvGws -pkf];y ljifo_M— o; cWofo j vGwsdf eujfg\ a'4n] wd{sf] s'/f;'Gg], pkf];ysf] lbgdf
k|fl6df]If kf7 ug],{ ;Ldf;Ddlt ug],{ pkf];yu[x ;Ddlt ug],{ ;Ldfsf] ljifodf ;d:of, 5f]s/Ldf k|Fltdf]If kf7 ug],{ kSvu0fgf
ug{hfGg] cg'dlt clg kfl6df]If ug{' cufl8 ug'k{ g]{ ljljw c+ux?df pkf];ysf] lbg uGg] / pkf];ydf leq\ofpg] cg'dlt gx'g]
JolQmx?nfO{ pkf];y glng] cflb ljifox?df pkb]z ul//fv]sf] s'/f cfPsf 5g\ .
#= j:;"kgflosvGws -jiff{jf;sf] ljifo_M— o; cWofo jf vGwsdf eujfg\ a'4n] jiff{jf; a:g], jiff{jf; j:g] b"O{
lgodx?, jiff{jf; z'? ug],{ ;ft lbgleq kms{g,] jiff{jf; a:g] leIf'nfO{ cfpg] eo, ljljw 7fp“df jiff{jf; a:bf cfkm"n]
lbPsf jrg k"0f{ gubf{ nfUg] b'Sst cfklQ cflb ljifodf pkb]z ul//fVg'ePsf s'/fx? o;df pNn]v k/]sf 5g\ .
$= kjf/0ffvGws -kjf/0ffsf] ljifo_M— o; cWofodf eujfg\ a'4n] kjf/0ffsf] ljifodf pkb]z ul//fVg'ePsf] s'/
fx?sf] ;+ux| /x]sf] 5 . To;f] eg]sf] dtna dnfO{ gePsf] 7fp“df ;Demfpg], ;"rgf lbg] ug'x{ f];\ egL c? leIf'x?nfO{ cg'dlt
lbO/fVg' xf] . kjf/0f ug]{ ;dodf ug'k{ g]{ ;Dk"0f{ sfds'/fx? clg hfgL–a'emL /fVg'kg]{ ljljw ljifox?sf] pNn]v o;df k/
s
] f 5g\ .
%= rDdvGws -5fnfsf] ljifodf_M— o; cWofodf dxfhgk'q ;fgsf]lnlj; leI'fsf] hLjgLdf pxf“n] cfkm\gf] v'§f
g} km'6g\ u] l/ d]xgt u/]sf] ljifodf b]vfO/fv]sf] 5 . o;} k|;u+ df eujfg\ a'4n] >d0fe]ifnfO{ g;'xfp“bf] /+uLlj/+uL 5fnfsf
h'Qfx? nufpg gx'g] ePtf klg 3f“;sf] h'Qf nufpg x'g] cg'dlt lbg'ePsf] lyof] . h'Qf nufpg] a]nfdf klg s;/L nufp“bf
-6-

uf}/jk"js
{ / lzi6frf/k"js
{ nufPsf] x'G5 / s;/L nufp“bf cuf}/jk"0f{ / clzi6frf/k"0f{ x'g] xf] eGg] af/]df klg :ki6
kfg'e
{ of] . ;fy} sf7sf] h'Qf nufpg gx'g] s'/f klg cf1f x'ge
' of] . cfkm"nfO{ cof]Uo x'g] /y cyjf uf8fdf a;]/ glx+8g\ ,]
7"N7"nf] cf]5o\ fgdf g;'Tg], 7"N7"nf] 5fnfsf] k|of]u gug]{ klg atfpg'eof] . clg cjlGt hgkbsf ;f]gs'l6sGg / dlemdhgkbsf]
;Ldfgfsf leIf'sf] sf/0fdf of] s'/f atfpg'ePsf] xf] .
^= e];HhvGws -cf}iflw ug]{ ljifodf_M— o; cWofodf cnu cnu cf}iflwsf ljifodf leIf' j]n6\7L;L; / leIf'
lklnGbjR5nfO{ lr/kmf/ ug]{ cg'dlt lbg'ePsf] / rf/ k|sf/sf cf}iflwsf] cg'dlt, cf}iflwsf nflu lk;fa -d'Q_df xnM 3f]n/]
lkpg'xg' ] cg'dlt, ljxf/df sfd ug]{ dflg;x?sf] cg'dlt, kf“r k|sf/sf e}ifHo{sf] cg'dlt clg s+vf/]jt leIf'sf] af/]
atfpg'ePsf], hf]8g\ ,] cof]Uo df;' vfg], kf6ln ufp“df hfg], cDakflnsf] ljifo, cf7 k|sf/sf ;j{t / rf/ sflns ljifodf
klg pxf“n] atfpg'ePsf] s'/f o; cWofodf rrf{ k/]sf 5g\ .
&= sl7gsf08 -sl7gsf] ljifodf_M— o; cWofodf eujfg\ a'4n] sl7g eP/ cfPsf] sf/0f / sl7g ug]{ kf“r
] f
cflg;+;sf] ljifodf atfpg'ePsf] pkb]z cfPsf] 5 . clg s;f] ugf{n] s/fnsl7g x'b“ g} , sl7gdf bfu x'g] cf7, sl7g x'gd
lrGtf x'g] / gx'g] ljifodf rrf{ ePsf] 5 .
*= rLj/:sGws -rLj/sf] ljifodf_M— o; vGwsdf eujfg\ a'4n] rLj/ u|x0f ug]{ cg'dlt lbg'ePsf] b]lv lnP/
cg]s k|sf/sf sk8f k|of]u ug]{ tyf ljljw p2]io /fvL bfg lbg] rng klg eP/ cfPsf] rrf{ o;df cfPsf] 5 .
(= rDk]oo\ :sGws -rDkfgu/df ePsf] 36gfsf] ljifodf_M— o; cWofodf eujfg\ a'4n] w]/h
} ;f] ljleGg ?ksf]
;+3sd{ / pSv]kgLo sd{sf] ljifodf lbg'ePsf] pkb]zsf] pNn]v k/]sf 5g\ .
!)= sf]zlDa:sGws -sf];lDadf ePsf] 36gfsf] ljifodf_M— o; cWofo cyjf vGwsdf w]/h
} ;f] ;+3e]b ePsf] /
eujfg\ a'4n] ljgocg';f/ ldn]/ a:g] cf]jfb pkb]z lbg'ePsf] ljifodf rrf{ u/]sf 5g\ .

dxfjUusf] dxfvGws
ltlk6ssf] $% j6f u|Gyx?dWo] rf}yf] u|Gydf kg]{ clg ljgolk6scGtu{t] dxfjUusf] klxnf] u|Gysf] klxnf]
vGwssf ?kdf cfpg] cWofo xf]— dxfvGws . dxfjUusf klg xfdLnfO{ rflxPsf] cWofo xf], klxnf] vGw cyf{t\ dxfvGws
.
ljgolk6ssf] dxfjUu u|GycGtu{t cfpg] !) j6f vGwsx?df klg xfdLnfO{ rflxPsf] klxnf] cWofo dxfvGwsleq
kg]{ rf/j6f ljifox¿dfqsf] xfdLn] oxf“ cWoog ug{ uO/x]sf 5f}+ . tL x'g—
\
!= af]lw syf
@= wDdrSskjQg
#= oz k|jH| of
$= pk;Dkbf ljlw
ca xfdL oL ljifox¿sf] ;+lIfKt rrf{ ug{lt/ nfuf}+ .

af]lw syfM
o; af]lw syfcGtu{t eujfg\ a'4n] af]lwd08kdf a:g'eO{ af]lw1fg k|fKt ug{e
' O;s]kZrft\ klxnf] ;Ktfxdf pxf“n]
k|fKt ug'e
{ Psf] k|ltTo;d'Tkfb, o;sf] lg/f]w / df/;]gfnfO{ k/flht ug]{ ljifodf dgg ug'e
{ Psf] s'/f cfPsf] 5 . ) -dxfk+l8t
/fx'n ;f+:s[Tofog, ljgo–lk6s -tfOjfg, b s/kf]/t] af]l8 ckm b af}4 Pb'sz
] g kmfp08]zg_, k[= &%_

ljgolk6ssf] d"n kflncg';f/ ) ljgolk6s] dxfjUukfln, Outk'/LM ljkZogf ljzf]wg ljGof;, !((*, k[=!–# eujfg\ a'4
ev{/} af]lw1fg cjaf]w ug'e
{ O{ g]/~hgf gbLsf] lsgf/fdf af]lwa[Ifdf al;/fVg'eO{ ljd'lQm ;'vfg'el" t ul//fVg'xG' 5 . o;}
;dodf pxf“ /fqLsf] k|yd ofddf k|ltTo;d'TkfbnfO{ cg'nf]d -dflyb]lv tn;Dd_ / k|ltnf]d -tnb]lv dfly;Dd_ ljrf/
ug'x{ G' 5— æcljHhfkRrof ;|vf/f, ;+vf/kRrof lj~`f0f+, lj~`f0fkRrof gfd?k+, gfd?kkRrof ;nfotg+, ;nfotgkRrof
km:;f], km:;kRrof j]bgf, j]bgfkRrof t0xf, t0xfkRrof pkfbfg+, pkfbfgkRrof ejf], ejkRrof hflt, hfltkRrof h/
fd/0f+ ;f]skl/b]jb'Svbf]dg:;'kfof;f ;DejlGt— Pjd]t:; s]jn:; b'svSvGw:; ;d'bof] xf]lt .
cljHhfoTj]j c;];lj/flg/f]wf ;+vf/lg/f]wf lj~`f0flg/f]wf, lj~`f0flg/f]wf gfd?klg/f]wf], gfd?klg/f]wf ;nfotglg/
f]wf], ;nfotglg/f]wf km:;lg/f]wf], km:;lg/f]wf j]bgflg/f]wf], j]bgflg/f]wf t0xflg/f]wf], t0xflg/f]wf pkfbfglg/f]wf],
pkfbfglg/f]wf ejlg/f]wf hfltlg/f]wf], hfltlg/f]wf h/fd/0f+ ;f]skl/b]jb'Svbf]dg:;'kfof;f lg?HemlGt – Pjd]t:;
s]jn:; b'SvSvGw:; lg/f]wf] xf]tLælt .
cyf{t,\ cljBfsf] sf/0f ;+:sf/ x'G5, ;+:sf/sf] sf/0f lj1fg x'G5, lj1fgsf] sf/0f gfd–¿k, gfd–¿ksf] sf/0f

5 cfotg, 5 cfotgsf] sf/0f :kz{, :kz{sf] sf/0f j]bgf, j]bgfsf] sf/0f t[i0ff, t[i0ffsf] sf/0f pkfbfg, pkfbfgsf] sf/
0f ej, ejsf] sf/0f hflt-hGd_, hfltsf] sf/0f h/f-a[4Tj_, d/0f, zf]s, kl/b]j, b'Mv, bf}dg{ :o, pkfof; x'G5 . o;/L of]
;+;f/sf] b'Mv:sGwsf] pTklQ x'G5 . cljBfsf] k"0f{tM lg/f]wn] ;+:sf/sf] ljgfz x'G5, ;+:sf/sf] gfzn] lj1fgsf] gfz x'G5,
lj1fgsf] gfzn] gfd–¿k gfz x'G5, gfd–¿ksf] gfzn] 5 cfotgsf] gfz x'G5, 5 cfotgsf] gfzn] :kz{ gfz x'G5,
:kz{sf] gfzn] j]bgf gfz x'G5, j]bgfsf] gfzn] t[i0ff gfz x'G5, t[i0ffsf] gfzn] pkfbfg gfz x'G5, pkfbfgsf] gfzn]
ej gfz x'G5, ej gfzn] hfltsf] gfz x'G5, hfltsf] gfzn] h/f, d/0f, zf]s, kl/b]j, b'Mv, bf}dg{ :o, pkfof; gfz x'G5
. o;/L b'Mv:sGwsf] gfz x'G5 .Æ
eujfg\ a'4n] pTklt ;a} s'/f x]t' / k|Tooåf/f ;DalGwt /x]sf] s'/fnfO{ /fd|/L hfGg'eP/ pbfg jfSo k|s6 ug'e
{ of]
— hf] a|Fx\d0fn] d]xgt u/L x]5g{ ,\ p;nfO{ wd{ k|s6 x'g5
] / p;sf] z+sf x6\g] 5 lsgeg] x]t' / wd{nfO{ cjaf]w
u/]sf] x'gfn] xf] .
/ffqLsf] bf];f| ] ofddf klg eujfg\n] a'4n] k|ltTo;d'Tkfbsf] cg'nf]d k|ltnf]d dgg ug'e
{ of] . ta eujfg\ a'4n] o;/
L pbfg JoQm ug'e
{ of]— hf] a|fx\d0fn] d]xgt u/L wd{nfO{ k|s6 ub{5g\, p;sf] z+sf x6\g5
] , lsgeg] k|Toodf cGt
hfg]sf]n] xf] .
eujfg\ a'4n] /fqLsf] clGtdofddf klg k|ltTo;d'TkfbnfO{ To;/L g} dgg ug'e
{ O{ pbfg jfSo JoQm ug'x{ G' 5— hf]
{ g\, h;/L ;"on
{ ]
a|Fx\d0fn] w]/} d]xgt u/L wd{nfO{ hfGb5g\, Tof] a|Fx\d0fn] df/ tyf To;sf ;]gfx¿nfO{ k/flht ug]5
cfsfznfO{ HjfHjNodfg agfOlbg] xf] .

@= wDdrSskjQgM
o; cWofodf eujfg\ a'4nfO{ ;xDklt a|xd
\ fsf] k|fy{gfb]lv lnP/ Clifktgd[ubfjgsf] ;f/gfydf k'Ug'eP/
k~reb|juL{ox¿nfO{ klxnf] wd{bz
] gf ug'e
{ Psf] / ltgLx¿n] a'4sf] pkb]znfO{ a'em]sf] s'/f;Dd pNn]v ePsf] 5 .
) -dxfk+l8t /fx'n ;f+:s[Tofog, ljgo–lk6s -tfOjfg, b s/kf]/t] af]l8 ckm b af}4 Pb'sz] g kmfp08]zg_, k[= &(_

ljgolk6ssf] d"n kflncg';f/ ) ljgolk6s] dxfjUukfln, Outk'/LM ljkZogf ljzf]wg ljGof;, !((*, k[=== eujfg\ a'4n]
cfkm"n] 1ft ug'e
{ Psf] pkb]znfO{ uDeL/ hfGg'eO{ ;+;f/df e'ns
] f dfG5]x¿n] s] a'em\nfg\ egL al;/fv]sf] ;dodf ;xDklt
a|xd
\ faf6 wd{sf] k|rf/ k|;f/ ug{df cg'/f]w ub{5g\ . ta eujfg\ a'4n] wd{bz
] gf ug]{ lglZrt ug'e
{ O{ s;nfO{ wd{bz
] gf ug]{
egL ljrf/ ug'x{ G' 5 . ;a}eGbf klxn] pxf“n] cfnf/sfnfdnfO{ ;Demg'eof] t/ pgL ;ft lbg cl3dfq k/nf]s eO;s]sf]
b]Vg'eof] . tTkZrft\ p2s/fdk'qnfO{ ;Demg'eof] t/ pgL klg uPs} /ftLdfq k/nf]s ePsf] b]Vg'eof] . To;kl5 pxf“n]
k~reb|juL{ox¿nfO{ ;Demg'eof] / pgLx¿ xfn Clifktg d[ubfjgdf al;/fv]sf] s'/f klg hfGg'eof] . eujfg\ a'4 pt}lt/
hfg'xG' 5 .
af6f]df pxf“n] pks eGg] cfhLjs e]6g\ x' G' 5 . pks cfhLjgn] eujfg\ a'4;+u s]xL k|Zg klg ;f]Wb5 t/ cfkm\g}
cledfgsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ a'4h:tf] dxfk'?ifnfO{ e]6/] klg pgn] s]xL klg 1fg lng ;s]g . qmdzM eujfg\ a'4 Clifktg
d[ubfjgdf k'Ug'eof] . z'¿df t tL k~reb|juL{ox¿n] a'4k|lt s'g} jf:tf ghgfpg] ;Nnfxn] gb]v;
] l/ al;/fv] t/ a'4
glhls+b} cfpg'xb“' f pgLx? cfkm\gf] ;Nnfxdf l:y/ x'g g;s]/ a'4nfO{ ug'k{ g]{ ;Tsf/–uf}/j ug{ k'u] . ta a'4n] pgLx¿nfO{
/fd|/L ;Demfpg'eO{ z'¿df t k|jl| htx¿n] b'O{ cGtnfO{ 5f]8g\ k' g]{ pkb]z lbg'xG' 5—
!= sfd];s
' fd;'vlNnsfg'of]u cyf{t\ sfd;'vdf lnKt eO/fVg] :jefj, /
+ fO{ b'Mv kL8f lbg' .
@= c6\7lsnd6\7fg'of]u cyf{t\ cfkm"n] cfkm}n
oL b'O{ cGtnfO{ Tofu u/]/ o;sf] aLrdf /x]sf] dWodk|ltkbfdf nfUg'kb{5 . Tof] eg]sf] cfo{ci6f+lus dfu{ xf], h'g
dfu{df nfUgfn] b'Mvd'Qm lgjf{0f;Dd klg k'Ug ;lsG5 .
b'Mv cfo{;To x'g\ . h:tf]M hGd x'g' b'Mv, a[4 x'g' b'Mv, /f]uL x'g' b'Mv, d[To' x'g' b'Mv, clk|o;+usf] ;+of]u b'Mv,
lk|o;+usf] la5f]8 b'Mv, OlR5t a:t' kl/k"lt{ gx'g' b'Mv xf] . ;+If]kdf eGg'kbf{ k~r:sGw¿kL z/L/ wf/0f ug'k{ g]{ b'Mv xf] .
b'Mv;d'bo cfo{;To x'g\ . t[i0ff g} b'Mvsf] sf/0f xf] . h:tf], s_ sfd t[i0ff, v_ ej t[i0ff / u_ ljej t[i0ff .
b'Mv lg/f]w cfo{;To x'g\ . ;Dk"0f{ t[i0ff/lxt, b'Mvd'lQm cj:yf lgjf{0f g} b'Mvsf] lg/f]w cj:yf xf] .
b'Mvlg/f]w ufldgLk|ltkbf cfo{;To x'g\ . Tof] eg]sf] cfo{ci6f+lus dfu{ x'g\ . h:tf], 7Ls b[li6, 7Ls ;+sNk, 7Ls
jrg, 7Ls sd{, 7Ls hLljsf, 7Ls k|oTg, 7Ls :d[lt, 7Ls ;dflw .
o; rf/ cfo{;TonfO{ eujfg\ a'4n] hfGg'eof] . clg To; cfo{;Tosf] ljifodf cfkm"n] ug'k{ g]{ klg hfg]/
{ of], cfkm"n] cg'Q/ ;Dos\;Da'4Tj
lng'e
' of] . k'gM cfkm"n] ug'k{ g]{ sfo{ klg k"0f{ eof] egL hfGg'eof] . tadfq pxf“n] lgZro ug'e
1fg k|FKt ul/;Sg'eof] .
eujfg\ a'4sf] of] wd{rqmk|jt{g -a'4 eO;s]kZrft\sf] klxnf] wd{bz
] gf_ ;'g/] o;sf] cjzfgdf sf}l08GonfO{ wd{rIf' k|fKt

eof] .
a'4sf] wd{rqmk|jt{g ;'g/] e"lds b]jtfx¿n] ;fw'sf/ lbgyfn]— æeujfg\ a'4n] o; jf/f0f;Lsf] Clifktg d[ubfjgdf
cg'Q/ wd{sf] kf+uf| nfO{ 3'dfpg'eof], h'g sf]xL ;fw', a|fx\d0f, b]jtf, df/, a|xd
\ f cyjf ;+;f/sf] sf]xL JolQmn] klg /f]s/] /
f]Sg ;Sg]5g} .Æ e"lds b]jtfx¿sf] ;fw'sf/ ;'g/] rt'dx{ f/flhs b]jtfx¿n] ;fw'sf/ lbgyfn]====. rt'dx{ f/flhs b]jtfx¿sf]
;fw'sf/ ;'g/] qol:q+z b]jtfx¿n] ===== . === ofd b]jtfx¿n] === . === t'lift b]jtfx¿n] === . === lgdf{0f/lt b]jtfx¿n] === .
=== jzjQL{ b]jtfx¿n] ==== . === a|xd
\ sflos b]jtfx¿n] == . o;/L Tof] zAb tTsfnLg ;dod} a|xd
\ nf]s;Dd k'Uof] .
tTkZrft\ eujfg\ a'4n] sf}l08Goåf/f wd{rIf' k|fKt u/]sf] s'/fnfO{ hfGg'eP/ eGg'eof]– æcxf], sf}l08Gon] hfGof]
-cf1ft_ . cf]xf], sf}l08Gon] hfGof] .Æ tab]lv sf}l08Gosf] gfd g} cf1ft sf}l08Gosf] gfdn] k|l;4 eof] .

#= oz k|jH| of
o; cWofodf ef]u–ljnf;n] ;DkGg ozs'df/ s;/L eujfg\ a'4sf] z/0fdf cfP / b'Mvd'Qm eO{ leIf'Tj u|x0f
u/] eGg] s'/fnfO{ cl3 /fv]sf] 5 . ) -P]hg, k[= *$_
d"n kfln ljgo–lk6s cg';f/ ) ljgolk6s] dxfjUukfln, Outk'/LM ljkZogf ljzf]wg ljGof;, !((*, k[==== eujfg\ a'4
Clifktg d[ubfjgdf g} al;/fVg'ePsf] ;do lyof] . jf/f0f;Lsf] >]i7Lsf s'nk'q oz a8f] ef]u–ljnf;sf ;fy 3/df al;/
fv]sf lyP . pgnfO{ klg tLg j6f dxnx¿ agfOlbPsf lyP– x]dGtsf] nflu, u|Lidsf] nflu / jiff{sf] nflu . pgL /fd|L ;'Gb/
Lx¿sf] g[To / jfBjfbgdf /dfP/ a;]sf lyP . Ps lbg pgsf] cf"vf /fqLsf] k|x/df v'Nof] . ta Toxf“ tL ;'Gb/Lx¿ a8f]
ljeT;tfsf ;fy ;'lt/xsf lyP . Zdzfgdf nfz nl8/x]sf] h:tf] tL ;'Gb/Lx¿sf] b[ion] ozsf] dgdf 3[0ff pTkGg eof],
lrQdf j}/fUo hfUof] . pgL s/fpg yfn]— æpk2't+ jt ef], pk:;6\7+ jt ef]Æ cyf{t\ æcxf] eo, cxf] pkb|jÆ .
oz s'nk'q 3/af6 lgl:sP/ Clifktg d[ubfjgdf k'u] . Toxf“ eujfg\ a'4 r+qmd0f ul//fVg'ePsf] lyof] . oz
s'nk'q Tot} cfO/fv]sf] b]Vg'eO{ eujfg\ a'4 Ps 7fp“df la5\ofOPsf] cfzgdf a:g'eof] . oz klg ToxL+ glhs} cfP/
s/fpg yfn]– æcxf] eo, cxf] pkb|j .Æ ta eujfg\ a'4n] oznfO{ eGg'xG' 5– æ oxf“ cfpm oz, oxf“ eo 5}g, oxf“ pkb|j 5}g

of] s'/f ;'g/] ozsf] dg k|;Gg x'G5 . pgL a'4sf] ;fd' a:g hfG5 . ta eujfg\ a'4n] cfg'kj" L{syf -bfgsyf, zLnsyf,
:ju{syf, sfdjf;gfsf] b'ikl/0ffd cksf/ bf]if, lgisfdtfsf] dfxfTDo_ cf1f ug'x{ G' 5 . ta eujfg\ a'4n] yfxfkfpg' eof] ls ozsf] dg
k|;GglrQ, d[bl' rQ eO;s]sf] 5 . pxf"n] b'Mv, ;d'bo -b'Mvsf] sf/0f_, lg/f]w -b'Mvsf] gfz_ / dfu{ -b'Mv gfz ug]{ pkfo_
b]zgf ug'e
{ of] . a'4sf] pkb]z ;'g/] ozn] lgd{n wd{rIf' k|FKt ub{5g\ .
To; ;dodf ozsL cfdf dxndf k'qnfO{ gb]v/] zf]s ub}{ ozsf] lktfnfO{ eGg k'UyL . ta ozsL lktfn]
rf/}lt/ dfG5]x¿nfO{ k7fP/ :jo+ cfkm" klg Clifktg d[ubfjgdf vf]Hg hfG5 . eujfg\ a'4n] oznfO{ vf]Hb} cfPsf ozsf
lktfnfO{ b]v/] cfkm\gf] Cl4åf/f oznfO{ gb]lvg] agfOlbg'eof] . oz ToxL b]vfkg]5
{ egL eujfg\ a'4n] ozsf] lktfnfO{
wd{bz
] gf ug'x{ G' 5 . k'q kfpg] cfzfdf a'4sf] pkb]z ;'Gbf;'Gb} ozsf lktfn] klg lgd{n wd{rIf' k|fKt ub{5g\ . pgL a'4, wd{
/ ;+3sf] z/0f hfg] klxnf] pkf;s x'G5 .
ozn] a'4åf/f cfkm\gf] lktfnfO{ lbO/fv]sf] pkb]z ;'Gbf;'Gb} ;Dk"0f{ cf;|jSn]znfO{ x6fP/ cx{t\ x'G5 . ta afa'sf]
cg'dlt lnP/ ozn] eujfg\ a'4;dIf k|jH| of / pk;Dkbf dfUb5 . eujfg\ a'4n] eGg'eof]— æcfpm leIf', ;'cfVoft wd{df
] u+ a|xd
\ ro{ kfng u/ .Æ oxL ozsf] k|jH| of / pk;Dkbf klg eof] .
b'MvnfO{ Ifo ug{sf] nflu /fd|f;

$= pk;Dkbf ljlw
pk;Dkbf ljlwcGtu{t d"ntM u[xTofuL eP/ k|jl| ht eO;s]sfx¿nfO{ pk;Dkbf -leIf'_ bLIff s;/L lbOG5 eGg]
s'/fsf] lj:t[t rrf{ ePsf] kfOG5 . o;sf afjh"b klg ljgolk6ssf] dxfjUusf] dxf:sGwsleq cfpg] æpk;Dkbf ljlwÆ
cGtu{t oL s'/fx¿ k/]sf 5g\— !_ lg>osf] lgod, @_ 7"nf]nfO{ gfdaf6 ;Daf]wg ug],{ #_ cg'>fj0fsf] lgod, $_ ue{af6
aL; jif{sf] pk;Dkbf, %_ pk;Dkbfsf] afws zf/Ll/s bf]if, ^_ pk;Dkbf sd{, &_ leIf'x¿sf] rf/ lg>o, *_ leIF'x¿sf] rf/
cs/0fLo, (_ lg>osf] cjlw . - ) dxfk+l8t /fx'n ;f+:s[Tofog, ljgo–lk6s -tfOjfg, b s/kf]/t] af]l8 ckm b af}4 Pb'sz] g kmfp08]zg_,
k[= !#)–!#&_

!= lg>osf] lgod— -P]hg, k[= !#)_ o;cGtu{t & j6f s'/fx¿ ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\ . h:tf] ls, !_ nHhfxLg leIf'nfO{
lg>o glbg], @_ nHhfxLg leIf'sf] lg>o glng], #_ nHhfxLg eGg] hf“Rgsf] nflu rf/–kf“r lbg ;do lngkfpg], $_ af6f]df
x'b“ f lg>olagf a;] klg x'g,] %_ /f]uL leIf' lg>olagf a;] klg x'g,] ^_ /f]uLsf] ;]jf ul//fVg] leIf' lg>olagf a;] klg x'g,]
/ &_ h+undf al;/fVg] leIf' lg>olagf a;] klg x'g] t/ lg>oof]Uo leIf' cfpg'ePdf lg>o lng] wf/0ff lnP/ a:g'kg]{ .

@= 7"nf]nfO{ gfdaf6 ;Daf]wg ug]—{ -P]hg, k[= !#!_ Pshgf JolQm pk;Dkbf x'g cfp“bf cfgGb :ylj/n] cfg'>fj0f
ug'k{ ¥of] / To; JolQmsf] cfrfo{ / pkWofo x'g] JolQmsf] gfd 7"nf] :j/n] ;+3sf] ;fd' /fVg'k¥of] . ta cfkm\g} u'¿ dxfsfZok
dxf:ylj/sf] gfd lng'kg]{ x'b“ f ;+sf]r dx;'z u/L gfd lng'ePg . ta eujfg\ a'4n] pQm ljgosd{ ug]a{ n
] f cfkm"eGbf 7"nf
:ylj/x¿sf] gfdaf6 klg ;Daf]wg ug'x{ g' ] lgod k|sfz kfg'e
{ of] .
#= cg'>fj0fsf] lgod— -P]hg, k[= !#@_ pk;Dkbf lbg] ;dodf :jLs[ltsf] nflu ;+3sf] ;fd' 7"nf] :j/n] pkfWofo
/ cfrfo{sf] gfd ;Daf]wg ug]{ lgodnfO{ cg'>fj0f elgG5 . b'O{ hgf pk;Dkbf x'g vf]Hbf klxnf d x'G5' klxnf d x'G5' eGg]
klg cfP . t;y{ eujfg\ a'4n] b'O{ hgfnfO{ Ps}kN6 cg'>fj0f ug{xg' ] lgod agfpg'eof] . k'gM Ps}kN6 w]/n
} ] pk;Dkbf dfUg
cfP/ klxnf x'gsf] nflu s/fpg yfNof] . ta eujfg\ a'4n] olb Ps} pkfWofo ePdf Ps}kN6 b'O–{ tLg hgfnfO{ cg'>fj0f
ug{xg' ] eGg] lgod agfpg' eof] .
$= ue{af6 aL; jif{sf] pk;Dkbf—-P]hg, k[= !#@_ dxfsfZok dxf:ylj/ pk;Dkbf x'gx' b“' f ue{sf] ;donfO{ klg
luGtL ug'e
{ O{ @) jif{ kf/]/ pk;Dkbf k|FKt ug'e
{ Psf] lyof] . t;y{ pxf“sf] dgdf z+sf nfUg yfNof] . ta eujfg\ a'4n]
eGg'eof]– cfdfsf] ue{df x'b“ fb]lv g} lrQ pTkGg x'g] / lj1fgsf] k|Fb'ef{j x'g] x'b“ f Toxf“bl] vsf] ;donfO{ hGd g} dfGg'kb{5
. t;y{ ue{sf] ;donfO{;d]t ug0ff u/]/ pk;Dkbf lbg'xG' 5 .
%= pk;Dkbfsf] afws zf/Ll/s bf]if—-P]hg, k[= !#@–!#$_ leIF';3+ df h:tf];s
' } JolQmx¿ ;dfj]z x'g cfPkl5
eujfg\ a'4n] pk;Dkbf lbg'kj" { !# k|Zgx¿ ;f]Wg'kg]{ lgod atfpg'eof] . tL x'g—
\ s] ltdLnfO{ o:tf] /f]ux¿ 5g\, h:tf] !_
sf]9L, @_ u+8 -Psk|sf/sf] g/fd|F] kmf]nf_, #_ lsnf; -Psk|sf/sf] g/fd|f] 5fnfsf] /f]u_, $_ zf]y, %_ d[uL, ^_ ltdL dg'io xf}
<, &_ ltdL k'¿if xf} <, *_ ltdL :jtGq -bf;d'Qm_ xf} <, (_ ltdL C0fd'Qm xf} <, !)_ ltdL /fh;}lgs xf} < !!_ ltdLnfO{
cfdf–a'afn] -leIf' aGgsf] nflu_ cg'dlt lbPsf] xf] <, !@_ ltdL k"/f aL; jif{sf] eof} <, !#_ ltdL;+u kfq–rLj/ -;+Vofn]_
k"0f{ 5 < ltd|f] gfd s] xf] < ltd|f] pkfWofosf] gfd s] xf] < -P]hg, k[= !#@_
^= pk;Dkbf sd{—-P]hg, k[= !#@_ o; cGtu{t pk;Dkbf bLIff lbg] ljlwx¿ cfPsf 5g\ . o;df klg tLg s'/fx¿
;dfj]z ePsf 5g\— s_ cg'zf;g, v_ cg'zf;ssf] r'gfj, u_ pk;Dkbfsf] 1lKt, cg'>fj0f / wf/0ff .
s_ cg'zf;gM— o; cGtu{t tLg s'/fx¿ 5g\— !_ cg'zf;g u/]/dfq cGt/flos afws - dflysf !# k|Zgx¿_
;f]Wg], @_ cg'zf;g ubf{ ;a}sf] ;fd' gu/L Ps 7fp“df /fvL ;f]Wg] clg ;+3sf] aLrdf pkfWofo u'¿ u|x0f u/fpg], kfq,
;+3f6L, pQ/f;+3, cGt/jf;s wf/0f u/fpg], #_ d"v{ cGhfg leIf'n] cg'zf;g gu/fO{ rt'/;dy{ leIf'n] cg'zf;g u/fpg]
.
v_ cg'zf;gsf] r'gfjM— o; cGtu{t pk;Dkbf OR5's JolQmnfO{ ;+3sf] :jLs[ltlagf hf] kfof] p;n] cg'zf;g ug{
gx'g] s'/f cfPsf] 5 . cg'dlt k|fKt ug{ ;f] leIf'n] cfkm\gf]sf] nflu cfkm\g} lsl;dn] / csf]s
{ f] nflu cs}{ lsl;dn] ;Daf]wg
ug'{ kb{5 . cfkm\gf]sf] nflu cfkm\g} lsl;dn] eGbf— æeGt], ;+3n] d]/f] s'/f ;'Gg'xf];\ . of] kmnfgf] gfdjfnf kmnfgf gfd ePsf
cfo'idfg\sf pk;Dkbf rfxg] -lzio_ x'g\ . olb ;+3n] plrt ;Dem] d kmnfgf] gfdjfnf -of] k'¿if+_ nfO{ cg'zf;g
ub{5' .Æ csf]s
{ f] nflu cs}{ lsl;dn] eGbf— æeGt], ;+3n] d]/f] s'/f ;'Gg'xf];\ . of] kmnfgf] gfdjfnf kmnfgf] gfd ePsf
cfo'idfg\sf pk;Dkbf rfxg] -lzio_ x'g\ . olb ;+3n] plrt ;Demg'eP of] kmnfgf] gfdjfnf -leIf'_ of] gfdjfnf -pk;Dkbf
rfxg]jfnf_nfO{ cg'zf;g ub{5' .Æ -P]hg, k[= !##_
To;kl5 pk;Dkbf rfxg]sf] glhs uP/ o;/L cg'z;fg ug'k{ b{5— ækmnfgf] gfdjfnf, ;'Gb}5f} < of] ltd|f] ;Tosf]
sfn -e"tsf] sfn_ xf] . h'g s'/f hfGb5f}, ;+3sf] aLrdf k|Zg ubF{ ePsf]nfO{ æxf]Æ eGg'kb{5, gePsf]nfO{ æxf]OgÆ eGg'
kb{5 . r'k nfUg'xG' g, d"s eP/ a:g'xG' g . -;+3df_ o;/L ltdL;+u ;f]Wg]5–' s] ltdLnfO{ o:tf] /f]ux¿ 5g\, h:tf] !_ sf]9L,
@_ u+8 -Psk|sf/sf] g/fd|F] kmf]nf_, #_ lsnf; -Psk|sf/sf] g/fd|f] 5fnfsf] /f]u_, $_ zf]y, %_ d[uL, ^_ ltdL dg'io xf} <, &_
ltdL k'¿if xf} <, *_ ltdL :jtGq -bf;d'Qm_ xf} <, (_ ltdL C0fd'Qm xf} <, !)_ ltdL /fh;}lgs xf} < !!_ ltdLnfO{ cfdf–
a'afn] -leIf' aGgsf] nflu_ cg'dlt lbPsf] xf] <, !@_ ltdL k"/f aL; jif{sf] eof} <, !#_ ltdL;+u kfq–rLj/ -;+Vofn]_ k"0f{
5 < ltd|f] gfd s] xf] < ltd|f] pkfWofosf] gfd s] xf] <Æ -P]hg, k[= !##_
u_ pk;Dkbfsf] 1lKt, cg'>fj0f / wf/0ff—-P]hg, k[= !##–!#$_ pk;Dkbf rfxg] JolQmnfO{ cg'zf;g
ul/;s]kl5 klxnf cg'zf;s ;+3sf] ;fd' pkl:yt eP/ ;"lrt ub{5— æeGt], ;+3n] d]/f] s'/f ;'Gg'xf];\ . of] kmnfgf] gfdsf
kmnfgf] gfdjfnf cfo'idfg\sf pk;Dkbf rfxg] lzio x'g\ . d}n] p;nfO{ cg'zf;g u/]sf] 5' . olb ;+3n] plrt ;Demg'ePdf
kmnfgf] gfdjfnf -pk;Dkbf rfxg]_nfO{ af]nfp5'Æ
;+3sf] :jLs[lt k|FKt ePkZrft\ pk;Dkbf rfxg] leIf' Toxf“ cfpg'xG' 5 / 3'8“ f 6]s/] xft hf]8L ;+3sf] ;fd' ofrgf
ub{5— æeGt], ;+3sf] ;fd' pk;Dkbf dfUb5' . k"Ho ;+3n] cg'sDkf /fVg'eO{ p4f/ ug'x{ f];\ . bf];f| k] N6 klg ========= t];f| k] N6
klg =======Æ
tTkZrft\ pk;Dkbf rfxg] ;f] leIf'nfO{ ;+3sf] :jLs[lt lnP/ !# cGt/flos afwsx¿sf] k|Zg ub{5 . To;kl5

;+3sf] ;fd' 1lKt ub{5— æeGt], ;+3n] d]/f] s'/f ;'Gg'xf];\ . of] kmnfgf] gfdjfnf, kmnfgf] gfdjfnf cfo'idfg\sf pk;Dkbf
rfxg] -lzio_, -!# j6f_ afwsx¿af6 z'4 5g\ . -pg;+u_ kfq–rLj/ kl/k"0f{ 5 . -pgL_ kmnfgf] gfdjfnf -pDd]bjf/_ kmnfgf]
gfdjfnf -leIf'nfO{_ pkfWofo agfO{ ;+3;dIf pk;Dkbf rfxG5 . olb ;+3n] plrt ;Demg'eP oL gfdjfnf -pDd]bjf/_ nfO{
kmnfgf] gfdjfnf -cfo'idfg\_sf] pkfWofoTjdf pk;Dkbf lbg'xf];—
\ of] ;"rgf 5 .Æ
leIf';3+ sf] ;fd' 1lKt ul/;s]kZrft\ k'gM cg'>fj0f ug'k{ b{5— æeGt], ;+3n] d]/f] s'/f ;'Gg'xf];\ . oL kmnfgf]
gfdjfnf, kmnfgf] gfdjfnf cfo'idfg\sf pk;Dkbf rfxg] -lzio_, cGt/flos afwsx¿af6 z'4 5g\, -pg;+u_ kfq–rLj/ kl/
k"0f{ 5 . -pgL_ kmnfgf] gfdjfnf -pDd]bjf/_ kmnfgf] gfdjfnf -leIf'nfO{_ pkfWofoTjdf pk;Dkbf rfxG5 . ;+3n] oL
gfdjfnf -pDd]bjf/_nfO{ oL gfdjfnf -cfo'idfg\_sf] pkfWofoTjdf pk;Dkbf :jLs[t 5 eg] r'k a:g';\ . h;nfO{ c:jLs[t
5, pxf“ af]Ng'xf];\ . bf];f| k] N6 klg =========. t];f| k] N6 klg =========== .Æ
pk;Dkbf sd{sf] cGtdf wf/0ff o;/L lnOG5— ækmnfgf] gfdjfnf -pDd]bjf/_nfO{ kmnfgf] gfdjfnf -cfo'idfg\_sf]
pkfWofoTjdf ;+3n] pk;Dkbf k|bfg ug'e
{ Psf] 5 . ;+3nfO{ :jLs[t 5, o;}n] df}g 5– o;/L d wf/0ff ub{5' .Æ
&= rf/ lg>o—-P]hg, k[= !#$–!#%_ ;do hfGgsf] nflu 5fof“ gfKg], Ct'sf] k|df0f eGg], lbgsf] efu eGg] s'/fx¿ klg
pk;Dkbf k|FKt leIf'nfO{ eGg'kg]{ s'/f o;df pNn]v 5 . ;fy} leIf'x¿nfO{ geO{ gx'g] rf/ lg>osf] s'/f o;/L cfPsf] 5—
-!_ of] leIF' hLjg eg]sf] leIFf dfu]/ vfg] hLjg xf] / o;sf] nflu pBf]u ug'k{ b{5 . olb kfPdf ;+3–ef]hg, lgdGq0ff,
;nfs–ef]hg, kflIfs ef]hg, pkf];y ef]hg, k|ltkb\ ef]hg u|x0f u/] klg x'G5 .
-@_ of] hLjg dzfgdf km\oflsPsf sk8fx¿sf] 6'qmfx¿ hf]8/] nufpg'kg]{ hLjg xf] / o;sf] nflu pBf]u ug'{ kb{5 . olb
kfPdf /fd|f] /]zdL, sDan, ;g, ef“usf j:qx¿ u|x0f u/] klg x'G5 .
-#_ of] leIf' hLjg ¿vd'lg a:g'kg]{ hLjg xf] . olb kfPdf ljxf/, k|f;fb, 3/ cflbsf] lgjf; u|x0f u/] klg x'G5 .
-$_ of] leIf' hLjg uf]dq" sf] cf}ifwL lng'kg]{ hLjg xf] . olb kfPdf Wo", dSvg, t]n, dw' cflbsf] cf}ifwL u|x0f u/] klg x'G5 .
*= rf/ cs/0fLoM— -P]hg, k[= !#%_ To;a]nf Pshgf pk;Dkbf leIf' PSn} af6f]df uO/fVg'xb“' f klxnfsL >LdtL
e]l6G5 . ta :qLn] k|jl| htx¿sf] nflu d}yg' b'ne
{ ePsf] s'/f /fv]/ d}yg' cfx\jfg ub{5 . leIf'n] klg :jLsf/L cfkm\gf] leIf'—
lgjf;df ca]/dfq kmls{G5 . c¿ ;fyL leIf'x¿n] ;f]wk] l5 p;n] ;f] s'/f ;a} atfp“5 . of] s'/f eujfg\ a'4n] 1ft ug'e
{ O{
pk;Dkbf k|fKt leIf'x¿sf nflu rf/ cs/0fLo ljifo k|sfz kfg'x{ G' 5 .
-s_ d}yg' ;]jg, kz'x¿;+u klg, ug'x{ b“' g} . h;n] ub{5, Tof] c>d0f x'G5, 6fpsf] gePsf] z/L/em}+ x'g5
] . of]
pk;DkGg leIf'sf] nflu hLjgel/ cs/0fLo xf] .
-v_ rf]/L eGg nfossf] -/fhfn] b08 lbg;Sg]_ s'g} klg k|sf/sf] lrha:t'sf] rf]/L ug'x{ G' g . h;n] ub{5, Tof]
c>d0f x'G5, 6fpsf] gePsf] z/L/em}+ x'g5
] . of] pk;DkGg leIf'sf] nflu hLjgel/ cs/0fLo xf] .
-u_ hfgfhfgL s'g} klg dg'io tyf kz'kI+ fLx¿nfO{ dfg'x{ b'“ g} , ue{kft;d]t klg u/fpg' x'b“ g} . h;n] ub{5, Tof]
c>d0f x'G5, 6fpsf] gePsf] z/L/em}+ x'g5
] . of] pk;DkGg leIf'sf] nflu hLjgel/ cs/0fLo xf] .
-3_ cfkm"df gePsf] lbJozlQm -pQ/Lodg'iowd{_ 5, b]vs
] f] 5' egL 9f]u+ /Rg'xb“' g} . h;n] ub{5, Tof] c>d0f x'G5,
] . of] pk;DkGg leIf'sf] nflu hLjgel/ cs/0fLo xf] .
6fpsf] gePsf] z/L/em}+ x'g5
(= lg>osf] cjlwM—-P]hg, k[= !#^–!#&_ To;a]nf Pshgf leIF'n] bf]if u/]/ klg To;nfO{ gb]vL wd{ 5f]8/] uof] . kl5
km]l/ cfP/ leIF'x¿;+u pk;Dkbf dfUg cfof] . ta eujfg\ a'4n] eGg'eof]— cfkm"n] bf]if u/]sf] s'/fnfO{ b]vs
] f] eg]df k|jH| of
ug],{ gq gug]{ . k|jH| ofkl5 ;f]w/] cfklQnfO{ b]vs
] f] eg]df pk;Dkbf lbg], gq glbg] . pk;Dkbfkl5 cfklQ b]vs
] f] eg]df
cf];f/0f -bf]ifd'Qm_ ug],{ gq gug]{ . cf];f/0f kl5 cfklQnfO{ b]vs
] f] eg]df l7s} eof], gq 5fl8lbg] .
cfklQsf] k|ltsf/ gu/L wd{nfO{ 5f]8/] k'gM pk;Dkbf dfUg cfPdf bf]ifsf k|ltsf/ ug]{ eg]df dfq k|jH| of lbg],
pk;Dkbf lbg], ;Ddlt -:jLs[lt_ lbg], gq glbg] .
g/fd|f] 5f]8g\ g;sL wd{nfO{ 5f]8/] uO{ k'gM pk;Dkbf dfUg cfPdf g/fd|F] wf/0ffnfO{ 5f]8g\ ] eg]df dfq k|jH| of lbg],
pk;Dkbf lbg], ;Ddlt lbg], gq glbg] .

lgisif{df
a'4sf] d"n jrg Pj+ af}4 If]qdf klxnf] cfwf/u|Gy Pj+ k|dfl0fs u|Gy ltlk6s xf] . ;'Qlk6s, ljgolk6s /
clewDdlk6sdf ljeflht ltlk6s eujfg\ zfSod'lg a'4nfO{ hfGg] a'em\g] clg pxf“sf] wd{nfO{ klxrfg u/]/ ;Dk"0f{ b'Mvaf6
d'Qm x'gsf] nflu xf], ax'hg lxtfo ax'hg ;'vfosf] nflu xf] . ltlk6sf] nf]k ha;Dd x'g] 5}g, ta;Dd a'4sf] pkb]z
hLjdfg\ /xG5 / pxf“sf] ljgo / zf;g klg /lx/xg] 5 .
zfSod'lg eujfg\ a'4n] :ki6?kdf eGg'ePsf] 5– ljgof] gfd ;f;g:; cfo' cyf{t\ ljgo eGg' g} a'4zf;gsf] cfo'
xf] . ha;Dd ljgo x'G5, ta;Dd a'4sf] wd{ / zf;g klg /lx/xg] 5 . a'4zf;gdf k|jl| ht eP/ ;d'Rrf hLjgnfO{ zLn,

;dflw, k|1fsf] cEof;df nfUg] leIf'–leIF'0fLx?sf nfludfq xf]Ogg\, clkt' u[x:yf>ddf /x]/ klg a'4fg'ofoL eO/fVg] pkf;s
tyf pkfl;sfx?sf] nflu klg plQs} dxTjsf] ljifo /x]sf] 5 .
ljgolk6ssf] dxfjUu u|Gy cGtu{t cfpg] af]lwsyfdf zfSod'lg a'4n] a'4Tj k|fKt ug'e
{ O{ To;nfO{ k'gM k'gM
ljrf/ ug'e
{ O{ ;Gt'i6 x'ge
' Psf], a'4Tj 1fgsf] uDeL/tfnfO{ hfGg'ePsf] pNn]v 5 . wDdrSskjQgdf zfSod'lg eujfg\
a'4n] Clifktg d[ubfjg ;f/gfydf klxnf]kN6 wd{sf] rqm 3'dfpg'ePsf], pkb]z lbg'ePsf] / k~reb|juL{ox?n] wdf{jaf]w
ug'e
{ Psf] pNn]v 5 . oz k|jH| ofdf ozh:tf dxfg ef]u;DklQo'Qm wgL kl/jf/sf PSnf] ;Gtfgsf] a'4;+usf] e]6, wdf{jaf]w
u/L k|jl| ht ePsf], b'Mvaf6 d'Qm lgjf{0fdf k'us
] f] s'/f pNn]v 5 . pk;Dkbf ljlwdf Pp6f k|jl| ht JolQmnfO{ k"0f{tM leIf'Tj
k|fKt ug{sf nflu s] s:tf] bLIff lng'kb{5 / s:tf] sd{ ug'k{ b{5 eGg] s'/fnfO{ /fd|/L v'nfOPsf] 5 .
;du|df eGg'kbf{, ltlk6saf6 a'4bz{gsf] ljzfntf, ljk'ntf, dxfgtf emlNsPsf] 5 eg] ljgolk6ssf ljleGg
ljifox?af6 s;/L Ps ;fdfGo k'?if kf/ldtfwd{ k"0f{ u/L dxfk'?if aGg ;S5, af]w x'g;S5 eGg] k|/] 0ff;lxt a'4Tjsf] uDeL/
pkb]z cfo{;To, ci6f+lusdfu{, k|ltTo;d'Tkfb h:tf d"n bz{gx?sf] :ki6 hfgsf/L xfl;n x'G5 . ;fy]{ o;af6 a'4sfnLg
;fdflhs, kfl/jfl/s, ef}uf]lns, /fhlglts, wfld{s nufot ljljw kIfx?sf] lrq0f ePsf] 5 .

d"n ;Gbe{ u|Gyx¿
!= ========= ljgolk6s] dxfjUukfln -kfln_
Outk'/L, ljkZogf ljzf]wg ljGof;, O{=;+= !((* .
@= ;'hLj k'~`fg'efj -n]=_, leIf' ;'dw] wL/;'dw] -cg'=_, ;Dk"0f{ a'4jrg ltlk6sof ;f/ -g]kfnefiff_
sf7df8f},+ ;4d{ k|rf/s k'rM, lj=;+= @)%* .
#= dxfk+l8t /fx'n ;f+:s[Tofog, ljgo–lk6s -lxGbL_
tfOjfg, b s/kf]/t] af]l8 ckm b af}4 Pb'sz
] g kmfp08]zg, ==== .
$= b'08axfb'/ jh|frfo{ -cg'=÷;+=_, æbL3lgsfoÆ -g]kfnLefiff_,
nlntk'/, jL/–k"0f{ k':ts ;+ux| fno, lj=;+= @)%^ .
%= y]/ufyf kfln, cfgGby]/ufyf, uf=g+= !)@&
^= cfrfo{ leIF' cd[tfgGb, æa'4sfnLg >fjs rl/t– ^Æ,
sf7df8f},+ cfgGbs'6L ljxf/ u'7L, lj=;+= @)$$ .
&= k|sfz jh|frfo{, æaf}4 bk{0fÆ,
sf7df8f},+ a'4holGt ;df/f]x ;ldlt / wd{sLlt{ k|sfzg, lj=;+= @)%# .
*= c= ;'hftf -;+=_, æclewDd :dfl/sfÆ,
sf7df8f},+ clewDd cWoog ;dfh g]kfn, lj=;+= @)^) .
(= gfgLd}o+ f dfgGw/ -cg'=_, æaf]lwklSvo bLkgLÆ,
sf7df8f},+ leIf' clg?4 dxf:ylj/ k|dv
' ;d"x, lj=;+= @)#* .

)))