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CATIA V5 Structural Analysis for the Designer
CAT509 Workshops

March 2002

Part Number: DAS*V2002*Z*Z*Z*SM-CAT509-WBK

DISCLAIMER

MSC.Software Corporation reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior notice. The concepts, methods, and examples presented in this text are for illustrative and educational purposes only, and are not intended to be exhaustive or to apply to any particular engineering problem or design. MSC.Software Corporation assumes no liability or responsibility to any person or company for direct or indirect damages resulting from the use of any information contained herein. User Documentation: Copyright© 2002 MSC.Software Corporation. Printed in U.S.A. All Rights Reserved. This notice shall be marked on any reproduction of this documentation, in whole or in part. Any reproduction or distribution of this document, in whole or in part, without the prior written consent of MSC.Software Corporation is prohibited. MSC and MSC. are registered trademarks and service marks of MSC.Software Corporation. NASTRAN is a registered trademark of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. MSC.Nastran is an enhanced proprietary version developed and maintained by MSC.Software Corporation. MSC.Patran is a trademark of MSC.Software Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Workshop 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8b 9 9b 10 10b 11 12 13 14 Page

FEM Review ………………………………………………………..……………………………………. 1-3 Foot Peg ………………………………………………………………………………………………………... 2-3 Bicycle Pedal Static Analysis………………………………………….……………………………………. 3-3 Bicycle Pedal Mesh Refinement and Adaptivity…………………………………………………………. 4-3 Crank Analysis Using Virtual Parts………………………………………………………………………....5-3 Rear Rack (Modal) Analysis……………………………………………………………………………….... 6-3 Seat Post Assembly Analysis……………………………………………………………………………….. 7-3 Rectangular Section Cantilever Beam……………………………………………………………………...8-3 Z-Section Cantilever Beam…………………………………………………………………………………...8b-3 Stress Concentration for a Stepped Flat Tension Bar………………………………………………….. 9-3 Torsion of a Shaft with a Shoulder Fillet………………………………………………………………….. 9b-3 Annular Plate…………………………………………………………………………………………………....10-3 Rectangular Plate Small Concentric Circle Load………………………………………………………... 10b-3 Press Fit…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 11-3 Flat Plate Column Buckling …………………………………………………………………………...……. 12-3 Bicycle Fender Surface Meshing………………………………………………………………………….... 13-3 Knowledgeware…………………………………………………………………………………..………….… 14-3

WORKSHOP 1 FEM REVIEW

CAT509, Workshop 1, March 2002

WS1-1

CAT509, Workshop 1, March 2002

WS1-2

WORKSHOP 1 – FEM REVIEW

Quiz yourself on the FEM:
1.

How can preliminary structural analysis improve the design process?

2.

Briefly describe the Finite Element Method (FEM).

3.

Simple pieces that represent a more complex structure are called ___________ ___________ . The simple pieces mentioned above are connected together at ___________ . The assembly of #3 and #4 is called a __________ __________ ___________ .

4.

5.

CAT509, Workshop 1, March 2002

WS1-3

WORKSHOP 1 – FEM REVIEW

Quiz yourself on FEA:
1.

What are the six main steps in pre-processing a finite element analysis (FEA)? Name a load type that would be applied in FEA. Name a constraint (restraint) type that would be applied in FEA. What step in FEA comes between pre- and post-processing? What are the two main steps in FEA post-processing? How are FEA results displayed?

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

CAT509, Workshop 1, March 2002

WS1-4

WORKSHOP 1 – FEM REVIEW

Quiz yourself on CATIA structural analysis:
1.

What are the 3 types of analysis supported by the CATIA structural analysis tools?

2.

Write the name or sketch at least one linear and one parabolic element supported by the CATIA structural analysis tools.

3.

What is the name of your instructor? (extra credit)

CAT509, Workshop 1, March 2002

WS1-5

March 2002 WS1-6 . Workshop 1.CAT509.

March 2002 WS2-1 .WORKSHOP 2 FOOT PEG CAT509. Workshop 2.

CAT509. Workshop 2. March 2002 WS2-2 .

The Foot Peg needs to be small due to limited space on the ATV yet able to handle the force of the passenger during the ride. Workshop 2. An area of concern is the Foot Peg for the passenger on the ATV. Analyze the Foot Peg as an aluminum part in the preliminary design phase to check for part failure in a static condition.WORKSHOP 2 . CAT509.FOOT PEG Problem Description A new All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) is being designed to carry two people – a driver and a passenger. March 2002 WS2-3 .

Apply aluminum material properties to the part. Open the existing CATIA part in the Part Design workbench. 3. 7. CAT509.FOOT PEG Suggested Exercise Steps 1. 8.CATAnalysis). Visualize the analysis results. Apply the restraint condition. Save the analysis document. 4. Create a new CATIA analysis document (.WORKSHOP 2 . March 2002 WS2-4 . 5. Workshop 2. Compute the analysis. 2. Apply the load condition. 6.

Select File and Open… from the top pull-down menu. CAT509. Open the part Open the Foot Peg part in the Part Design workbench.Step 1. Workshop 2. the Foot Peg and any other CATPart document is opened in Part Design workbench. 1 2 3 By default. Open the ws2footpeg. March 2002 WS2-5 . Steps: 1. 2. 3.CATPart by double-clicking. Access the class workshop directory using the typical Windows interface.

Workshop 2. WS2-6 2 1 5 CAT509. 3. Select Aluminum. Select the part. March 2002 . Apply material properties 3 4 Material properties must be applied prior to analysis. 4. Click Apply Material button…OK. 2. Click the Apply Material icon. Steps: 1.Step 2. 5. Activate the Metal tab in the Library window.

2. If material display is not seen. CAT509. March 2002 WS2-7 2 Material property seen in the specification tree 3 2 4 1 . Steps: 1.Step 2. Click OK. Workshop 2. Apply material properties Apply the customized render mode to view the Aluminum material display. Click the Customized View Parameters icon. select Customize View under Render Style from the View pull-down menu. 3. 4. Activate the Materials box in the Custom View Modes definition window.

Highlight the Static Analysis case. March 2002 WS2-8 . 3 CAT509. Create analysis document 1 Create a CATAnalysis document that will contain the information for our static analysis of the Foot Peg. Click OK.Step 3. Workshop 2. 2. Select the GSA workbench from the Start menu. 2 The new CATAnalysis document is now active in the GSA workbench. 3. Steps: 1.

Workshop 2. Select geometry to clamp (rear face). Click OK. 4. March 2002 WS2-9 . Steps: 1. Apply restraint condition Apply a clamp restraint to the rear face of the Foot Peg to represent clamping (no motion) of the part at that face. 1 3 2 4 2. Be sure Supports field is highlighted. 3. CAT509. Select the clamp icon from the GSA workbench.Step 4.

Step 4. Symbols appear on the part showing the clamp restraint applied to the rear surface of the Foot Peg. Workshop 2. March 2002 WS2-10 . Clamp symbols CAT509. Apply restraint condition Clamp created The clamp restraint is created and seen in the specification tree.

Apply load condition Apply a force load of 550lbf to the Foot Peg top face in a direction normal to the face pushing downward. 2. 1 2 3 4 CAT509. Steps: 1. The top face is highlighted and force vectors shown. Select the force icon from the GSA workbench. Workshop 2.Step 5. March 2002 WS2-11 . Key in value -550lbf for the Z vector…OK. Drag and drop the compass on to the top face to establish an axis system normal to the face. 3. 4.

Hint: Drag and drop the compass back to its normal position away from the part after use. The force load is applied to the top face in a downward direction as shown by the vector arrows.Step 5. Workshop 2. March 2002 . WS2-12 CAT509. Apply load condition Force created Force direction arrows The force load is created and seen in the specification tree.

Click OK. 4. Steps: 1. the analysis can be computed. 1 2. CAT509.Step 6. Workshop 2. 3. Select the Compute icon. Verify that the Preview box is not checked. Specify that All parameters should be used in the calculation. Compute the analysis After restraint and load conditions are applied. March 2002 WS2-13 2 4 3 .

Step 7. Image created 2. Workshop 2. Steps: 1. we want to see the Von Mises stress. 1 The Von Mises stress image is displayed with color palette when the custom view mode is active. Verify that the Customized View Parameters icon is active. In this case. Visualize analysis results Von Mises stress image and palette To visualize results. Select the Von Mises stress image icon. select the desired image. CAT509. March 2002 WS2-14 2 .

query the maximum Von Mises stress values for the analysis. Visualize analysis results For detailed results. Steps: 1. 2. 2 Max Von Mises stress is lower than material yield strength From this initial analysis the part will not fail The information window shows the minimum and maximum Von Mises stress values as well as the material yield strength of aluminum. Workshop 2. Select the Informations icon.Step 7. CAT509. March 2002 1 WS2-15 . Select the Von Mises stress image if necessary.

Save analysis document 1 2 3 Save the analysis document. Click the Save As… button. Steps: 1. 2. March 2002 WS2-16 . Workshop 2.Step 8. Highlight the CATAnalysis document in the list. CAT509. Select Save Management from the File pull-down menu. 3.

WS2-17 7 8 CAT509. Notice the new name and Action “Save” for the analysis document. March 2002 . 7.Step 8. 8. 5. Key in Foot Peg Static for the analysis document name. Select the directory path. Click OK to execute the noted Actions. Click Save. Save analysis document 4 5 6 Steps: 4. Workshop 2. 6.

CAT509. Workshop 2. March 2002 WS2-18 .

Workshop 3. March 2002 WS3-1 .WORKSHOP 3 BICYCLE PEDAL STATIC ANALYSIS CAT509.

CAT509. March 2002 WS3-2 . Workshop 3.

Elastic Modulus.0E6 psi 0. ν Density Yield Strength 29.000 psi 100 lbs 100 lbs CAT509. Let’s assume a 200 lb person riding this bike is standing. Use a rough analysis to determine where the high stress areas exist that will require additional mesh refinement. Workshop 3. We will start with the pedal.3 . balanced evenly on each pedal.284 lb/in3 36. Material (Steel) properties as specified below. E Poisson’s Ratio. March 2002 WS3-3 .WORKSHOP 3 – BICYCLE PEDAL STATIC ANALYSIS Problem Description Your job will be to analyze various components of a mountain bicycle.

March 2002 WS3-4 . 4. Save the analysis document. Compute the analysis. Create a new CATIA analysis document (. 8. 7. 2. 3. Apply a clamp restraint. Apply steel material properties to the part. Pre-process initial finite element mesh.WORKSHOP 3 – BICYCLE PEDAL STATIC ANALYSIS Suggested Exercise Steps 1. 9. Open the existing CATIA part in the Part Design workbench. Workshop 3. Visualize the analysis results.CATAnalysis). CAT509. Apply a distributed force. 6. 5.

Select File and Open… from the top pull-down menu. Steps: 1. Open the existing CATIA part Open the CATIA part ws3pedal. March 2002 WS3-5 . 3.Step 1. Workshop 3. 2. Open the pedal by double-clicking. 1 2 3 By default. CAT509. the pedal and all other CATPart documents are opened in the Part Design workbench.CATPart in the Part Design workbench. Access the class workshop directory using the typical Windows interface.

2. Apply steel material properties to the part 3 2 1 Before every session you should verify your session units. 3. verify and edit until all units are consistent. select OK. Select “Units” tab. Steps: 1.Step 2. Select Tools from the menu then Options. Workshop 3. Notice there are many variables accessed by a scroll bar. CAT509. Select the General category then Parameters. March 2002 WS3-6 . change all units to the English system. You must change each one separately.

Select Steel. Workshop 3. 4 3. Make sure Link to file is selected. Click the Apply Material icon. Select the Pedal “Part” representation in the features tree. 5. then select OK. Activate the Metal tab in the Library window. 4. 6. March 2002 WS3-7 6 5 2 . Make certain material is applied properly in the features tree.Step 2. CAT509. Apply steel material properties to the part 3 1 Steps: 1. 2.

2. Verify and edit structural material properties here. Right click Steel in the features tree. Click the Customized View Parameters icon to activate custom view material rendering. Steps: 1. select OK. Workshop 3. Select Analysis tab. 4. 4 1 5 2 CAT509. 5. Apply steel material properties to the part 3 Verify and edit structural material properties and activate material rendering. 3.Step 2. Select Properties. March 2002 WS3-8 .

1 previously specified in the CATPart document shows up here in your CATAnalysis document. 3. Workshop 3. CAT509. Your Static Analysis document gets automatically linked to the CATPart. From the Start menu select the Analysis & Simulation then the Generative Structural Analysis workbench. 4. 2.Step 3. Create a new CATIA analysis document 1 Steps: 1. Note the Material Property 3D. select OK. Select Static Analysis. March 2002 3 2 4 WS3-9 .

March 2002 WS3-10 2 3 1 . In the Current Storage Location modify the Results Data location and rename as shown. select OK. Note the Links Manager in the features tree reflects the paths. 3. Create a new CATIA analysis document Specify the External Storage directory locations. 4 2. CAT509. 4. Workshop 3. Steps: 1. Select the Storage Location icon.Step 3. You can create specific directories for additional organization. In the Current Storage Location modify the Computation Data location and rename as shown.

4. Specify the recommended Sag = 10% of Global Size. Double Click the “OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh. Workshop 3.25”. Specify element type “Linear” (TE4. Pre-process initial finite element mesh Define the global finite element mesh properties. 1 2.Step 4. select OK. 3. March 2002 WS3-11 2 3 4 .1:Pedal” representation in the features tree or the “Mesh” icon on the part. means 4 node tetrahedron) and is good for a rough analysis. Specify the recommended rough Global Size = . Steps: 1. CAT509.

Step 5. 2. Select the shaft that attaches to the crank. Note the Clamp object added to the features tree. Workshop 3. Select the Clamp Restraint icon. 4 2 3 CAT509. Select OK. 3. March 2002 WS3-12 . Apply a clamp restraint 1 Steps: 1. 4.

Select the 3 outside foot grip pads. Apply a distributed force 2 1 Steps: 1. March 2002 WS3-13 . select OK. 4 2. Select the Force icon. Workshop 3. 4. Note the Distributed Force object added to the features tree. 3. Enter -100 lbs in the Z-direction. 3 CAT509.Step 6.

Workshop 3. Select the Compute icon. Compute the analysis 1 2 4 Steps: 1. This symbol indicates computation required. Preview active 3 CAT509. disk requirement and Warning for decreasing computation time select Yes to continue. 4. 2. Compute All Objects defined. memory. 3. Notice the estimated time.Step 7. select OK. March 2002 WS3-14 .

Workshop 3.Step 8. March 2002 WS3-15 . Steps: 1. Visualize the analysis results 1 Visualize the finite element mesh in the deformed state of the system as a result of loading. Note the Deformed Mesh Image added to the features tree. CAT509. Select the Deformation Image Icon. 2 2.

Select the Stress Von Mises icon. Visualize the analysis results 2 1 Visualize the Von Mises stress which is a combination of all primary and principal stresses. Note the Image Deactivated symbol for the Deformed Mesh image. CAT509. 2. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS3-16 .Step 8. Workshop 3.

Steps: 1. 4. 5. 2. Visualize the analysis results 2 3 1 4 Visualize the displacement vectors. Workshop 3. 5 CAT509. displacement vector in the tree. select OK. Note by default SYMBOL is selected. March 2002 WS3-17 . Select the Displacement icon. Select Visu tab. 3. Right mouse click Transl. Select Definition.Step 8.

select OK. March 2002 WS3-18 .Step 8. Select Visu tab. Select Definition. 2. Select AVERAGEISO. 4. Right click Translational displacement vector in the features tree. 3. Visualize the analysis results 1 2 3 4 Visualize the displacement field patterns using the AVERAGE-ISO definition. Steps: 1. CAT509. Workshop 3.

4.Step 8. Steps: 1. Transitions between colors on the image display are blended. Select OK. In the Image Edition window. 1 2 4 3 CAT509. select the Iso/Fringe button. Visualize the analysis results Add additional image smoothing options to the AVERAGE-ISO visualization definition. Select OK. 3. Workshop 3. March 2002 WS3-19 . 2. Select the box for ISO smooth.

Select Impose Max for the color map palette. Select the Precision icon.Step 8. select OK. 4. 5 3 2 4 1 CAT509. 2. Double click on the Estimated local error color map palette. Visualize the analysis results Visualize the computation error which represent scalar field quantities defined as the distribution of energy error norm estimates for a given computation. Steps: 1. Workshop 3. Then select in the features tree Estimated local error. 5. March 2002 WS3-20 . Select the Informations icon. 3.

65e-8 43. Workshop 3.Step 8.25” Linear Mesh Max Von Mises Translational Displacement Error Estimate Global % Precision error Local % Precision error 24. The next step is to refine the mesh in the critical areas.5% Global Precision Error. .00407 inch 8.5 % NA % Recommendation Error Estimate Global % Precision error Local % Precision error 1. We will go over this in the next workshop #4. Visualize the analysis results Conclusions You now know where the “hot spots” are but the stress and displacement results are questionable with a 43.6 ksi . March 2002 WS3-21 .00e-8 (zero) 20 % 10 % CAT509.

1 2 3 CAT509. Select document you want to save. 2. select OK. The pedal. March 2002 WS3-22 .CATPart and . 3. Select Save As to specify name and path. Workshop 3. Save the analysis document Steps: 1.Step 9.CATAnalysis should each be saved under a new name in the work directory. From the File menu select Save Management.

March 2002 WS4-1 . Workshop 4.WORKSHOP 4 BICYCLE PEDAL MESH REFINEMENT AND ADAPTIVITY CAT509.

CAT509. March 2002 WS4-2 . Workshop 4.

E 29. Material (Steel) properties are as specified below. refine the mesh until you are comfortable with the results.000 psi 100 lbs 100 lbs CAT509. Is this steel strong enough? Steel ASTM A36 Elastic Modulus. ν Density Yield Strength 0.3 .WORKSHOP 4 – PEDAL MESH REFINEMENT AND ADAPTIVITY Problem Description Assume the same 200 lb person riding the bicycle is standing balanced evenly on each pedal. Workshop 4.284 lb/in3 36.0E6 psi Poisson’s Ratio. March 2002 WS4-3 . Using the previous rough analysis.

Change mesh to parabolic and add local meshing. Open the existing CATIA analysis in the GSA workbench. Generate a basic analysis report. Visualize the refined analysis results. Workshop 4. Visualize the adaptive analysis results. CAT509. 2. Create an adaptivity box with a 5% target. 5. March 2002 WS4-4 . Search for point(s) of minimum precision. Adapt and converge. 6. Verify reactions. Compute the more precise analysis. 8. 9. 7. Save the analysis document.WORKSHOP 4 –PEDAL MESH REFINEMENT AND ADAPTIVITY Suggested Exercise Steps 1. Search for point(s) of maximum Von Mises stress. 12. 3. 4. 10. 11.

Workshop 4.Step 1. CAT509. Open the pedal analysis by doubleclicking. March 2002 WS4-5 . Access the class workshop directory using the typical Windows interface. Select File and Open… from the top pull-down menu. Open the existing CATIA analysis Open the CATIA analysis document ws4pedal. 1 2 3 By default. 3. Steps: 1.CATAnalysis in the Generative Structural Analysis workbench. the pedal and all other CATAnalysis documents are opened in the Generative Structural Analysis workbench. 2.

Note the Global mesh size of . Open the existing CATIA analysis 1 2 Summary of Workshop 3: the estimated percent error is not low enough (should be less than 10%).6 ksi . Workshop 4. March 2002 WS4-6 . 3.. Steps: 1. Sag of .65e-8 43.25” Linear Mesh Max Von Mises 24. 2. .Step 1.25”.5 % NA % 3 Translational Displacement Error Estimate Global % Precision error Local % Precision error CAT509.025” and Linear element type. Double click OCTREE… in the features tree.00407 inch 8. Summary of image results.

best to turn it off. March 2002 WS4-7 . CAT509. Select General and the tab General. Workshop 4. 3. Steps: 1. Open the existing CATIA analysis 1 2 3 You do not want “auto save” to start while computing a solution.Step 1. Select Tools from the menu then Options. Deselect the Automatic save button. select OK. 2.

Step 2. Change mesh to parabolic and add local meshing

Change the element type from Linear (4nodes) to Parabolic (10-nodes). Steps: 1. Select the Change Element Type icon. 2. Select Parabolic then OK.

2 1

The best results are achieved using Parabolic elements even though your computation files will be large. Use Linear to locate “hot spots” and to verify a statically determinate model.

CAT509, Workshop 4, March 2002

WS4-8

Step 2. Change mesh to parabolic and add local meshing

4
Refine the local mesh size in the high stress area identified in Workshop 3. Steps: 1. Select the Apply a Local Mesh Size icon. 2. Select 4 faces. 3. Select 2 edges. 4. Key in .125” mesh value, select OK. 5. Green symbol is a representation of the mesh element.

3

1

5

Local meshing on an edge creates nodes along these edges (imposed edges).

2

2

CAT509, Workshop 4, March 2002

WS4-9

Step 2. Change mesh to parabolic and add local meshing

4

Refine the local mesh sag size in the high stress area identified in Workshop 3. Steps: 1. Select the Apply a Local Mesh Sag icon. 2. Select 4 faces. 3. Select 2 edges. 4. Key in .013” sag size (10% of mesh size), select OK. 5. Blue symbol is a representation of sag.

3

1

5

2

2

CAT509, Workshop 4, March 2002

WS4-10

Step 3. Compute the more precise analysis

2
Important processes to consider before computing: • RAM on your PC. • Disk space for the computation. • Paging space. • Running with Intel MKL library installed. See Info Nuggets for details. Steps: 1. Select the compute icon. 2. Compute All objects, click OK. 3. Note: Intel MKL library found. Click Yes to continue computation.

Preview active RAM 1

3
Available disk space required at your specified external storage location.

CAT509, Workshop 4, March 2002

WS4-11

Step 4. Search for point(s) of maximum Von Mises stress

3

Find the Element with the maximum stress value in the model. Steps: 1. Clicking on the Von Mises stress icon activates the existing image. 2. Select the Search Extrema icon. 3. Select Global and Local, request 2 maximum at most, then select OK.

1

It doesn’t look good for our A36 material with 36 ksi yield, but are the values accurate?

2

CAT509, Workshop 4, March 2002

WS4-12

Step 5. Search for point(s) of minimum precision

3
Find the Element with the least accurate value in the model. Steps: 1. Clicking on the Precision icon deactivates the Von Mises and activates the Estimated local error image. 2. Select the Search Extrema icon. 3. Select Global and Local, request 2 maximum at most, then select OK.

1

We are looking for very small numbers for the maximum local error, preferably a value of e-8 or lower.

2

CAT509, Workshop 4, March 2002

WS4-13

Step 6. Visualize the refined analysis results

Find the Global estimated error rate percentage value. Steps: 1. Click on the Information icon. 2. Select activated Estimated local error object in the features tree. 3. Note % error rate (global rate should be 20%, 10% locally). 4. Note the Estimated Precision (this is like epsilon and should be close to zero).

2

4 3

1
Review information from the other images.

CAT509, Workshop 4, March 2002

WS4-14

Step 7. Create an adaptivity box with a 10% target
Steps: 1. Activate the Von Mises Image. 2. Click the Adaptivity Box icon.

2 4b

3
3. Key in 10% for the Objective Error (this is used in the interest of time 5% is best). 4. Select Extremum button then select Global Maximum.1 from the features tree (this centers the adaptivity box around the Extrema Maximum selected). 5. Manipulate box size and location as shown. The box should encompass the maximum symbols. A small box is recommended due to space and CPU time limits, select OK. CAT509, Workshop 4, March 2002
Top ISO

4a

1

5
Side Front

WS4-15

Step 8. Adapt and converge
1 3
Allow 2 iterations attempting to achieve the 10% target precision. Steps: 1. Deactivate all images. 2. Select the Adapt & Converge icon.

2

3. Key in 2 Iterations, make sure your auto save is turned off: tools + options + general, select OK.

Note: no warnings on RAM, CPU time or space requirements. 1GB of paging space is recommended. This may take 5-7 minutes. CAT509, Workshop 4, March 2002 WS4-16

2. 4 Our real interest now is the adaptive local precision.Step 9. Steps: 1. Select the info icon then the Est. Visualize the adaptive analysis results 1 2 Results for Global precision error. March 2002 WS4-17 . 3. Activate the Estimated local error image. meets our suggested 20% max. Improved. 4. Workshop 4. Locally update the extrema. local error. 3 CAT509.

Visualize the adaptive analysis results Results for adaptive local precision. March 2002 WS4-18 . CAT509. Double click Adaptivty Box. but for this class we will continue with our results. Notice the local error will update relative to the elements enclosed by the box. 2. Workshop 4.1. Steps: 1. Local Error not below 10%.Step 9. Time and CPU space permitting you should continue to adapt and converge until you get less than 10%. 2 1 Use the compass to move the adaptive box around.

Steps: 1. Locally update the Extrema object. March 2002 WS4-19 . Workshop 4. 3. Double click on Global Max. Select the Von Mises icon. 2.Step 9.1 in the features tree. CAT509. Visualize the adaptive analysis results 3 2 Precise maximum Von Mises stress. 1 It might be necessary to delete and recreate Extrema to bring labels out of no show.

March 2002 WS4-20 . 3 2. Visualize the adaptive analysis results 2 Check cross sectional area stress values. With the Von Mises image active. drag and locate normal to the shaft as shown. De-select Show cutting plane box.Step 9. Steps: 1. Analyze various areas using the compass to drag and rotate the cutting plane. select the Cut Plane analysis icon. Workshop 4. 1 CAT509. 3. Select the compass at the red dot.

indicating a energy balance of 1. March 2002 WS4-21 . CAT509. Visualize the adaptive analysis results 2 2 Energy balance value in the adaptive area. similar to epsilon. All elements are blue.63e-016 Btu (this is zero).Step 9. 1 This Btu energy is a result of adding the FEM system forces. Workshop 4. 2. Activate the Estimated local error image again. Steps: 1.

1 in the features tree and select definition. These values should all add up to zero and match our load applied. Re-compute. Select Clamp. Select reaction.1 then OK (note: ref axis options). Verify reactions 3 Create an analysis sensor to verify reaction tensors on the clamp. March 2002 WS4-22 .Step 10. Steps: 1. 4. 3. 5.1 in the features tree and select Create Sensor. Workshop 4. 2. Right click ReactionClamp. Right click Sensor. 1 2 4 5 CAT509.

25” Linear Mesh.013” sag Adapt and converge target of 5% locally 172. Use 4340 material and heat treat to 260-280 BHN for a yield strength equal to 217 ksi. To add a different material to the CATIA material selector material catalog see Info Nugget – Materials Catalog. . Workshop 4. Generate a basic analysis report Conclusions The load set of a 200 lb man will overstress the pedal made of A36 steel.65e-8 Btu 43. .3 ksi .0047 inch 8.025” sag .25”Linear Global Mesh.1 % 12. You must change the material type and characteristics in the . March 2002 WS4-23 .4e-16 Btu local 18. .Step 11.00562 inch 8. or to create your own .6 ksi .125” Parabolic Local Mesh.5 % NA % CAT509.4 % Max Von Mises Translational Displacement Error Estimate Global % Precision error Local % Precision error 24.025 sag .CATPart document.

Generate a basic analysis report 4 After activating each image at least once. Review the HTML report that is created. select OK. 2 3 1 CAT509. March 2002 WS4-24 . Select an Output directory. Select the Basic Analysis Report icon. 2. generate a report.Step 11. Key in Title of the report. Steps: 1. Workshop 4. 4. 3.

1 2 3 CAT509. 3.Step 12. March 2002 WS4-25 . select OK. Workshop 4. From the File menu select Save Management. Highlight document you want to save. Save the analysis document Steps: 1. 2. Select Save As to specify name and path.

See next page. 2. Steps: 1. This Intel Library should be downloaded and installed.htm 2 You must also add this location to your system “path”. CAT509.com/home/tech/resource_library.exe. Example location of installed MKL51B. http://intel. Workshop 4.Info Nugget – Running with the Intel MKL Library 1 Installing the Intel Library to increase computing time. March 2002 WS4-26 .

Select start + Control Panel + Performance and Maintenance + System + Advanced + Environment Variables. Add location to the “path”. 3. 2. Select “Path” in the System variables.Info Nugget – Running with the Intel MKL Library 1 To activate library. add Intel address to your system “Path”. Steps: 1. Result CAT509. OK. Workshop 4. then Edit. OK. select OK. March 2002 WS4-27 2 3 4 . 4.

3. Steps: 1. OK. March 2002 WS4-28 CATIA error note will be “not enough memory” 2 . CAT509. Select start + Control Panel + Performance and Maintenance + System + Advanced + Performance Settings. OK. 2. 4. Select OK. Select Advanced + Virtual memory Change. Workshop 4.Info Nugget – Paging Space 1 3 Increasing your paging space. If you have room set paging file size range from 1GB to 2GB.

Copy and Paste a duplicate of the CATIA launch icon on the desktop. Steps: 1.Info Nugget – Batch Computing 1 2 Batch computing. 5. 2. March 2002 WS4-29 . Workshop 4. This still seems to use your entire CPU resource unless you have a very powerful PC. Select OK. 4. 3. Rename to “CNextBatch”. Add “–batch –e CATAnalysisBatch” to target location. Result of double clicking 3 4 5 CAT509.

Steps: 1. The path will show if “Link to File” was selected when applying material. Locate the existing Catalog. Workshop 4.CATMaterial file by Selecting File + Save management.Info Nugget – Material Catalog 1 2 Edit the existing material catalog. 2 Open the file in a CATIA session. March 2002 WS4-30 3 . The Material Library workbench will start. Edit this file with the various tools provided and save. CAT509. 3.

This icon will then launch your materials. File + Save with the name Catalog.CATMaterial. Start Material Library workbench. March 2002 . Modify Tools + options material catalog path to match where your personal material catalog is filed.Info Nugget – Personal Material Catalog 1 3 Steps: 1. It must have this exact name to work. 2. Workshop 4. Create all your specific materials with the tools provided. 2 4 WS4-31 CAT509. 4. 3.

CAT509. Workshop 4. March 2002 WS4-32 .

Workshop 5.WORKSHOP 5 CRANK ANALYSIS USING VIRTUAL PARTS CAT509. March 2002 WS5-1 .

March 2002 WS5-2 . Workshop 5.CAT509.

Determine if the Crank material is capable of carrying this load.15E6 psi 0. Aluminum Elastic Modulus.5” 100 lbs CAT509. E Poisson’s Ratio.098 lb/in3 13.WORKSHOP 5 – BICYCLE CRANK Problem Description The same 200 lb person riding this bike.778 psi 100 lbs 4. ν Density Yield Strength 10.346 . March 2002 WS5-3 . standing balanced evenly on each peddle. Workshop 5.

4. Compute the more precise analysis. Change mesh to parabolic and add local meshing. 9. 13. 12. min precision). Create a new CATIA analysis document (. Visualize “hot spots” in the initial results. 2. WS5-4 CAT509. Visualize final results (translations relative to user axis). Apply a clamp restraint. Apply aluminum material properties to the part. 6.WORKSHOP 5 – BICYCLE CRANK Suggested Exercise Steps 1. 14. 7. 8.CATAnalysis). Compute the initial analysis. Search for extrema points (max Von Mises. 3. March 2002 . 5. Apply a force to the Smooth Virtual Part. Mesh globally with linear elements. Workshop 5. Save the analysis document. 11. 10. Simulate the pedal using a Smooth Virtual Part. Check local precision using adaptivity boxes. 15. Open the existing CATIA part in the Part Design workbench.

75” 450 in_lbs CAT509.O. Workshop 5. 100 lbs 6. are restricted (clamped) where the crank attaches to the shaft.WORKSHOP 5 – BICYCLE CRANK 2D DIAGRAM AND HAND CALCULATIONS Assume all 6 D. March 2002 WS5-5 .F.

2. Access the class workshop directory using the typical Windows interface.Step 1. Open the existing CATIA part 1 2 Open the CATIA part ws5crankL. March 2002 WS5-6 . Open the crank by double-clicking. the crank and all other CATPart documents are opened in the Part Design workbench. Workshop 5. 3. From the File menu select Open. Steps: 1. 3 By default.CATPart in the Part Design workbench. CAT509.

CAT509. 2. 6. 4. Select Aluminum. 6 3. Click the Apply Material icon. Make certain material is applied properly in the features tree. Workshop 5. Click the CrankL “Part” in the features tree.Step 2. Apply aluminum material properties to the part 3 1 4 Steps: 1. Activate the Metal tab in the Library window. March 2002 WS5-7 5 2 . 5. Select OK.

Workshop 5. 4. Verify and edit structural material properties here. Right mouse click aluminum in the features tree. Steps: 1.Step 2. 4 1 2 5 CAT509. Apply steel material properties to the part 3 Verify and edit structural material properties and activate material rendering. 5. March 2002 WS5-8 . 3. Select Analysis tab. Select the Customized View Parameters icon to activate material rendering. 2. Select Properties.

4. Workshop 5. select OK. Note the material property previously specified in the CATPart document shows up here in your CATAnalysis document. 3. 2. From the Start menu select Analysis & Simulation then Generative Structural Analysis workbench. March 2002 WS5-9 3 2 4 . CAT509.Step 3. Your Static Analysis document gets automatically linked to the CATPart. Select Static Analysis. Create a new CATIA analysis document 1 Steps: 1.

5.CATAnalysis.Step 3. results and computations names. Workshop 5. In the Current Storage Location modify the Results Data and rename as shown. 4. 3. Note the Links Manager in the features tree reflects the paths and names. March 2002 WS5-10 5 4 2 3 1 . Modify the Computation Data Storage Location and rename as shown. 6. Save the analysis document as crankL. Create a new folder to keep analysis data segregated. Create a new CATIA analysis document Specify the External Storage directory locations. 2. Steps: 1. CAT509. Select the Storage Location icon.

Steps: 1. CAT509. 4. select OK.25” (1/2 thinnest section). Workshop 5. Double Click the “OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh. Specify the recommended rough Global Size = . March 2002 WS5-11 . 1 2 3 4 2.Step 4. 3.1:CrankL” in the features tree or the “Mesh” icon centered on the part. Mesh globally with linear elements Define the global finite element mesh properties. Specify element type Linear. Specify the recommended Sag = 10% of Global Size.

Note the Clamp. 2.Step 5. Select the 4 inner faces where the crank attaches to the shaft. select OK.1 object added to the features tree. March 2002 WS5-12 . Apply a clamp restraint 1 3 Steps: 1. Workshop 5. Select the Clamp Restraint icon. 2 CAT509. 3.

Start the Wireframe and Surfacing Design workbench. Click OK. This is the point of load relative to crank centerline (Part Handler for our Virtual Part). 4.CATPart. CAT509. March 2002 WS5-13 1 4 4.2. 2. Workshop 5. 3.Step 6. Reference to point. Change the current document to ws5crankL.5 inches . Select the point icon and create a point at the coordinates shown. Steps: 1. Simulate the pedal using a Contact Virtual Part 2 3 We first must create a virtual “Part Handler” that is simply a point.

4. Select the Part Handler point previously created. Select the face where the pedal attaches. Select the smooth virtual part icon. 1 4 5 3. select OK. Simulate the pedal using a Smooth Virtual Part 2 Steps: 1. This smooth virtual part transmits load into the crank without adding stiffness. Activate by clicking in the Part Handler input box. 2. Change the current document back to crankL. Workshop 5. CAT509. 5.Step 6.CATAnalysis. March 2002 WS5-14 3 .

2 3 The virtual part is a way to transmit this force into your part. select OK. March 2002 WS5-15 . Workshop 5. 2. 3. CAT509.the point). Apply a force to the Smooth Virtual Part 1 Steps: 1.Step 7. Select the smooth virtual part symbol or object in the features tree (the force will be applied at the “Part Handler” . Select the force icon. Key in the force as shown.

loads turn yellow and restraints turn blue. select OK. 2. Workshop 5. 1 3 Note: the virtual part turns black. 3. March 2002 WS5-16 .Step 8. Always be aware of these values. Save often. CAT509. Select the Compute icon. select Yes. Compute the initial analysis 2 Steps: 1. Compute All Objects defined.

March 2002 WS5-17 . 2 1 CAT509.Step 9. 3. 2. Note these values. Steps: 1. but they may not be precise enough for design. Visualize “hot spots” in the initial analysis 3 Visualize Von Mises stress field patterns. Workshop 5. Note these areas requires local refined meshing. Select the Stress Von Mises icon.

impose 1e-7 to clearly visualize low precision locations. March 2002 WS5-18 . 3. Visualize “hot spots” in the initial analysis 4a Visualize the computation error map Steps: 1. Note the global estimated error rate is to high (recommend max 20%).Step 9. select OK. 4b 3 1 2 CAT509. Workshop 5. Double click the Est. Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. local error color map. 4. 2. Select the Precision icon. Select on the information icon.

Change element type to Parabolic. select OK. 2 2. Change mesh to parabolic and add local meshing 1 Redefine the global finite element mesh type. CAT509. Steps: 1. Workshop 5. March 2002 WS5-19 . Double Click the “OCTREE” representation in the features tree or the “Mesh” icon centered on the part.Step 10.

3. 3 Edge CAT509. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS5-20 .125” for the value.Step 10. select 9 faces and 3 edges as shown highlighted. select OK. Key in . Local size then Add.1:CrankL” in the features tree. Select the Local tab. Change mesh to parabolic and add local meshing 2 1 Faces Locally refine the mesh size in a hot spot identified earlier. 2. Workshop 5. Double Click the “OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh.

013in for the value. Workshop 5. Change mesh to parabolic and add local meshing 1 Faces Locally refine the mesh sag in a hot spot identified earlier. Select Local sag then Add. select OK and OK. select 9 faces and 3 edges as shown highlighted. 2. 2 Edge CAT509. Key in . Steps: 1.Step 10. March 2002 WS5-21 .

select OK and OK.125in for the value. Key in . Change mesh to parabolic and add local meshing 1 Locally refine the mesh size and sag in another hot spot identified earlier.013in for the value. Key in . Double Click the “OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh. Select Local sag then Add. Steps: 1. 3. select OK. Local size then Add. Select the Local tab. 4. 2 3 4 5 CAT509. select the 1 face again. March 2002 WS5-22 . select 1 face as shown highlighted. 2.1:CrankL” in the features tree. Workshop 5. 5.Step 10.

3 CAT509. Always be aware of these values. select OK. March 2002 WS5-23 .Step 11. Workshop 5. Compute All Objects defined. select Yes. 3. 2. Compute the more precise analysis 2 1 Steps: 1. Select the Compute icon.

Workshop 5. Activate the Von Mises stress image by selecting the icon. 3. Select the Search Image Extrema icon. 2. Visualize extremas Find the element with the highest Von Mises stress. select OK.Step 12. Select Global and 2 maximum extrema at most. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS5-24 . 1 3 2 CAT509.

Steps: 1. 3. Visualize extremas 4 Find the element with the highest Estimated error. 2. 3 1 2 CAT509. Workshop 5. Select Global and 2 maximum extrema at most. Select the Search Image Extrema icon. Double click color map and impose a max 1e-008 (Btu value). March 2002 WS5-25 . Activate the Estimated local error image by selecting the Precision icon. select OK. 4.Step 12.

Since local error is below 10% we have a precise model. 1 CAT509. First select the “Select Extremum” button then Global Maximum. March 2002 WS5-26 .Step 13. Use the compass and green dots to locate and size box around meshed areas. 2 4 3 1 3. Select the information icon then select Estimated local error object in the features tree to see that global precision is below 20%. No need to compute using adapt and converge. 4. Specify adaptivity boxes Determine global and local error %. Select the adaptivity box icon. Workshop 5. Steps: 1. 2.1 in the features tree to locate box.

March 2002 WS5-27 . Select the Deformation icon. Animate the deformation image. Workshop 5. 2.Step 14. Steps: 1. 2 CAT509. Visualize final results 1 Visualize exaggerated Deformation.

Select the displacement icon to add this image. CAT509.Step 14. Workshop 5. March 2002 WS5-28 . Visualize final results =x =y =z 1 Add the displacement image Steps: 1.

1 in the features tree then select Focus on. March 2002 WS5-29 . Workshop 5. Activate the Von Mises stress image by selecting the icon.3 ksi CAT509. 2.Step 14. Right click on Global Maximum. Steps: 1. Visualize final results Visualize the Von Mises design stress. 1 2 Material yield strength must exceed 15.

7% CAT509.0916” Z . March 2002 WS5-30 .Step 14.7e-8 Btu local 7. Visualize final results Conclusions New material is required with a yield strength higher than 15.013” sag.3 ksi.17 ksi Combined Stress Max Von Mises Translational Displacement Error Estimate Global % Precision error Local % Precision error 8. 15.9 % and 3. .025 sag Hand Calc’s: 9. .direction at point of load 5.25” Parabolic Global Mesh. . .025” sag.125” Parabolic Local Mesh. Workshop 5. .5 % NA % .3 % 7.01e-6 Btu 42.30 ksi ? inch 1.25” Linear Mesh. Adapt and converge not necessary.3 ksi -.

March 2002 WS5-31 . OK 1 2 3 CAT509. 2. Save the analysis document Steps: 1.Step 15. Select Save Management from the File menu. select. Select Save As to specify name and path. Workshop 5. 3. Highlight document you want to save.

CAT509. March 2002 WS5-32 . Workshop 5.

Workshop 6. March 2002 WS6-1 .WORKSHOP 6 REAR RACK (MODAL) ANALYSIS CAT509.

March 2002 WS6-2 . Workshop 6.CAT509.

346 .15E6 psi 0.WORKSHOP 6 – REAR RACK Problem Description Assume the dynamic characteristics of this bike with a 200 lb person traveling at 40 mph down a cobble stone road is: Mode 1=95 Hz. Mode 2 = 100 Hz. A rear rack accessory capable of supporting 150 lbs may be attached to the frame. E Poisson’s Ratio. Workshop 6. Perform a normal modes analysis to determine if the frequency of the bike is close to one of the natural frequencies of the rack. Mode 4 = 120 Hz. You are asked to analyze this rack under dynamic loading.098 lb/in3 13. ν Density Yield Strength 10. This is to avoid excessive vibrations and find “soft spots” (smooth. comfortable ride). March 2002 WS6-3 . Mode 5 = 135 Hz. Aluminum Elastic Modulus. Mode 3 = 110 Hz.778 psi CAT509.

CAT509. 10.WORKSHOP 6 – REAR RACK Suggested Exercise Steps 1. Apply aluminum material properties to the part. 4. 2. Create a Frequency analysis document (. Apply a mass equipment load. March 2002 WS6-4 . Pre-process initial finite element mesh. 6. 8. Save the analysis document. Apply a clamp restraint. 9.CATAnalysis). 5. Open the existing CATIA part in the Part Design workbench. Workshop 6. 3. Generate a report of the results. Compute the analysis. 7. Visualize the analysis results.

CAT509. Access the class workshop directory using the typical Windows interface.Step 1.CATPart in the Part Design workbench. 1 2 3 By default. Steps: 1. Open the existing CATIA part Open the CATIA part ws6rearRack. the rearRack and all other CATPart documents are opened in the Part Design workbench. 3. Open the rearRack by double-clicking. March 2002 WS6-5 . Workshop 6. Select File and Open… from the top pull-down menu. 2.

5 2 CAT509. March 2002 WS6-6 . 6 3.Step 2. 4. 5. Select OK. Activate the Metal tab in the Library window. Click the “Part” representation in the features tree. Select Aluminum. Click the Apply Material icon. 6. Apply aluminum material properties to the part 3 1 4 Steps: 1. Workshop 6. 2. Make certain the material is applied properly in the tree.

3 CAT509. Start a GSA workbench.Step 3. Workshop 6. Your Frequency Analysis document gets automatically linked to the CATPart. Select Frequency Analysis. Note: your previous results and computations storage location defaults to your last path used. Create a Frequency analysis document 1 2 4 Steps: 1. select OK. March 2002 WS6-7 . 3. 2. 4.

4. Use Save Management to save CATAnalysis doc. Note the Links Manager in the specification tree reflects the paths. Modify the Computation Storage Location and rename as shown. as “rearRack”. Workshop 6. 3 1 CAT509. March 2002 WS6-8 . 3. 5. 2 2. Steps: 1. Select the Storage Location icon.Step 3. Modify the Results Storage Location and rename as shown. Create a Frequency analysis document 4 Specify unique External Storage directory locations.

Measure part by right clicking in the Size box + measure. 4 CAT509. select NO. 2. Exit Measure 1 2 3 Recommended rough Global Size = ½ the thinnest section.25in. note the distance = 0. select Close. Workshop 6. Note the measurement. Select two parallel lines. Pre-process initial finite element mesh Measure Dialogs Measure to determine initial mesh and sag size. Steps: 1. Double Click the “OCTREE” in the features tree.Step 4. March 2002 WS6-9 . 3. 4.

key in 0.Step 4. Recommended Sag = 10% of Global Size.125in global mesh size. 3. select OK. Steps: 1. Pre-process initial finite element mesh 1 2 Define the global finite element mesh properties. Specify element type Linear. Key in 0. Workshop 6. CAT509. but in the interest of time and cpu space use Linear. 3 Parabolic elements yield better results with fewer elements. 2. March 2002 WS6-10 .013in.

Step 5. 3. select OK. CAT509. Note the Clamp object added to the specification tree. Select the Clamp Restraint icon. March 2002 WS6-11 . Workshop 6. 2. Select the inner face where the rack attaches to the frame. Apply a clamp restraint 2 1 3 Steps: 1.

Enter 150 lbs as the mass. 4 3 English Mass Units: 1g=386. 2.1 in/sec2 Length=in Time=sec Density=lb/in3 Mass=lb 1 CAT509. 3. Workshop 6. Apply a mass equipment load 2 Steps: 1. 4. select OK. Select the 2 faces as shown.Step 6. Note the Distributed Mass object added to the specification tree. Select the Mass icon. March 2002 WS6-12 .

5. Double click on the Frequency Case Solution in the spec. Compute the analysis Specify the number of vibration modes to compute Steps: 1. sparce problems (most structural models fit into this category). tree. 4. CAT509.Step 7. 3. March 2002 WS6-13 . Specify maximum number of iterations and accuracy. Workshop 6. Select OK. 2. 2 3 4 1 5 The Lanczos method is most efficient for computing a few Eigenvalues of large. Select lanczos as the compute method. Key in 5 vibration modes to compute.

March 2002 WS6-14 . 2 CAT509. Workshop 6. memory and disk space requirement. Notice the est.1. 3. select Yes.Step 7. Select the Compute icon. time. select OK. 2. Compute the analysis 3 1 Steps: 1. Compute the Frequency Case Solution.

CAT509. 3. select OK. 3 4a 4b 2 1 Strain energy is helpful in finding the area that is most affected by the vibration pattern from a natural frequency. Select Average-Iso in Visu tab to switch display. Steps: 1. 2. Select Iso/Fringe then select ISO smooth. Select the Displacement Image Icon. Workshop 6. Double click to edit image parameters. OK. March 2002 WS6-15 .Step 8. 4. Visualize the analysis results Visualize the maximum displacements to locate the areas of max strain energy.

1 inch 1 Mode 3 Torsion 8. 2. Workshop 6.08 inch Display all 5 dynamic modes. Mode 2 Primary Bending 10. Mode 5 Secondary Bending 15. Select and examine each mode. Steps: 1. The displacement distribution and Frequency is what we want.3 inch 3 Note the Translational displacement magnitude values are arbitrary. 3. Double click Translational displacement magnitude to edit image parameters.28 inch 2 Mode 4 Secondary Bending 13.8 inch CAT509. Visualize the analysis results Translational displacement Magnitude Mode 1 Primary Bending 6. March 2002 WS6-16 . View the displayed frequency under tab Frequencies.Step 8.

March 2002 WS6-17 . 4 3 2 CAT509. 1 5 3. Steps: 1. Select Current Occurrence to know what mode you are animating. 5. Select the Animate an Analysis Image icon. 2. Select different mode numbers and select OK. Visualize the analysis results Animate all 5 dynamic modes. 4. Use the controls in the Animate Window to animate the image. The Translational displacement magnitude image must be active.Step 8. Workshop 6.

2. 5. select OK. Select Global and 2 maximum extrema at most. 3. Location and value are displayed. The Translational displacement magnitude image must be active. March 2002 WS6-18 . Select mode number 5 to make it the current occurrence. 5 1 4 2 4.Step 8. Then double clicked. Workshop 6. Visualize the analysis results Mode 5 has the greatest displacement. select OK. 3 CAT509. Steps: 1. Select the Search Image Extrema icon. locate the element of maximum strain energy.

Step 9. If parabolic elements were used 2 3 If a structure has N dynamic degrees of freedom there are N natural frequencies. Steps: 1. 3. generate a report. Generate a report 4 After activating each mode image at least once. March 2002 WS6-19 . Workshop 6. Select the Basic Analysis Report icon. select OK. 1 CAT509. Key in Title of the report. 4. 2. Select an Output directory. Review the HTML report that is created.

Generate a report Conclusions Comparing the natural frequency of the first 5 dynamic mode shapes shows a large difference. Mode Number 1 2 3 4 5 Bike Frequency Hz (cycles/sec) 95 100 110 120 135 Rack Frequency Hz Parabolic Elements 9.Step 9. Workshop 6. This verifies that we will have smooth ride “soft spots” during this load case.71 31.36 CAT509. March 2002 WS6-20 .50 61.47 9.66 40.

Click Save As to specify name and path…OK. Highlight document. 2. 1 2 3 CAT509. March 2002 WS6-21 . 3. Save the analysis document Steps: 1. Select Save Management from the File menu.Step 10. Workshop 6.

Workshop 6.CAT509. March 2002 WS6-22 .

March 2002 WS7-1 . Workshop 7.WORKSHOP 7 SEAT POST ASSEMBLY ANALYSIS CAT509.

CAT509. Workshop 7. March 2002 WS7-2 .

WORKSHOP 7 – SEAT POST Problem Description The sales department has informed engineering that the seat post keeps breaking. ν Density Yield Strength 10.0E6 psi 0.346 . ν Density Yield Strength 29. E Poisson’s Ratio. Workshop 7. Be conservative by using a design case of 200 lbs forward on the seat. E Poisson’s Ratio. Perform an assembled static analysis to determine why and recommend a solution. March 2002 WS7-3 .000 psi Clamp Post CAT509.15E6 psi 0.3 . Post is Aluminum Elastic Modulus.284 lb_in3 36.778 psi 7 inches 200 lbs Lower and Upper clamp is Steel Elastic Modulus.098 lb_in3 13.

13. 5. Apply material properties to all parts. 3. Workshop 7. Apply a clamp restraint.WORKSHOP 7 – SEAT POST Suggested Exercise Steps 1. Visualize the analysis results. Apply Property Connections. 14. 7. 6. 11. Compute a Frequency (Modal) analysis for the assembly. 2. 10. Examine and verify assembly constraints. Apply a moment load. Appendix showing precise results. March 2002 WS7-4 .CATAnalysis). Pre-process initial finite element mesh. 9. Save the analysis document. CAT509. Open the existing CATIA product in the Assembly Design workbench. 4. Generate a report. Compute the analysis. 12. 8. Create an assembly static analysis document (.

2. Open the existing CATIA product (assembly) Open the CATIA product ws7seatPostassy. CAT509. Steps: 1. 3. Select File and Open… from the top pull-down menu. the POST assy and all other CATProduct documents are opened in the Assembly Design workbench. March 2002 WS7-5 . Access the class workshop directory using the typical Windows interface.CAT Product in the Assembly Design workbench. Workshop 7.Step 1. 1 2 3 By default. Open the ws7seatPOSTassy by double-clicking.

Double click the post “Part” representation in the features tree (it should turn blue). select OK. Apply material properties to all parts Steps: 1. Select Aluminum. Make certain material is applied properly in the tree. 4. 2. Double click seatPOSTassy to access the assembly workbench. CAT509. Apply Steel to the lower and upper clamp parts. This makes the post “Defined in work” and launches you into the Part design workbench. 3.Step 2. 5. Activate the Metal tab in the Library window. 6. March 2002 WS7-6 3 6 1 4 5 2 . Click the Apply Material icon. Workshop 7.

These are your main assembly tools. Notice the small differences in icons. 5. Actual Part.Step 3. Assembly (product). 3. 2. The seatPOSTassy object in the features tree is the Product and considered “Defined in work” when blue. Part Instance. Examine and verify assembly constraints 2 3 Steps: 1.1 constraint. Examine the Fix. CAT509. March 2002 WS7-7 . 1 5 4 If highlighting is not working check Tools + Options + General + Parameters + Symbols. Workshop 7. 4. You should be in the Assembly design workbench. Assembly constraints should start with an anchor.

2 Basically all 6 degrees of freedom will be constrained. Highlight each constraint separately. A good check is to move parts around arbitrarily with the compass and then update. Steps: 1. The goal is to setup a statically determinate model. March 2002 WS7-8 . 1 CAT509. Select the Wireframe (NHR) visualization option. 2. Also.Step 3. Examine and verify assembly constraints Examine constraints between the post and lower clamp. Workshop 7. stress analysis property connections are applied to these assembly constraints.

March 2002 WS7-9 . Workshop 7.Step 3. Highlight each constraint separately. CAT509. Examine and verify assembly constraints 1 Examine upper clamp constraints. Steps: 1.

2. 3.Step 4. Steps: 1. Create an assembly static analysis document 1 4 Just like before. 3 2 CAT509. Select Static Analysis. 4. March 2002 WS7-10 . Your Static Analysis document gets automatically linked to the CATProduct. One difference to notice is the available Connection icons. From Start menu select a Generative Structural Analysis workbench. Workshop 7. select OK.

Select the Storage Location icon. 3. Modify the Computation Storage Location and rename as shown. 2. Create an assembly static analysis document Specify unique External Storage directory locations. 2 3 4 1 CAT509. March 2002 WS7-11 . Good idea to File + Save Management to specify where all documents will be saved.Step 4. Modify the Results Storage Location and rename as shown. 4. Workshop 7. Steps: 1.

Workshop 7. Steps: 1. select OK. 2. 1 2 3 Each part can have unique element types. The Linear element is suggested for computational speed until we achieve a statically determinate model. March 2002 WS7-12 . select OK. CAT509. Pre-process initial finite element mesh Define Linear global finite element mesh properties for all parts. 3.Step 5. Specify global mesh and sag as shown for the clamps. Edit each part mesh individually by double clicking OCTREE in the features tree. Specify global mesh and sag as shown for the post.

Steps: 1 2 3 1. In the features tree open the assembly constraints by selecting the + symbol.1 to lower clamp. Note the mesh connection created between parts and a contact property. select OK. 2. Workshop 7. Select the Fastened Connection icon. Apply Property Connections Define a Fastener Connection.Step 6. From the tree select the surface contact (post. 3. connections can be renamed to be more meaningful. CAT509.1). 4 For assemblies with many parts. 4. March 2002 WS7-13 .

March 2002 WS7-14 .Step 7. Apply a clamp restraint 1 We only want to clamp the bottom 4 inches of the post. 4 inches Clamping requirement CAT509. Steps: 1. Modification of the post.CATProd uct.CATPart is required. This changes your active document and launches you into the Assembly Design Workbench. Workshop 7. Select Window + ws7seatPost.

Apply a clamp restraint 2 3a We will create a surface that matches your clamping requirements. 2. Activate the custom display mode. March 2002 WS7-15 . Steps: 1. From Start menu select Mechanical Design + Wireframe and Surfacing Design workbench. 3. Continued on next page. Workshop 7. Select the sketcher icon and the xy plane. 4. 1 3b 4 CAT509. then “sew” it onto the part. Double clicking “post” in the features tree will launch you into the Part Design workbench.Step 7.

2. Workshop 7. Select the normal view icon to see the bottom if necessary. March 2002 WS7-16 .Step 7. 1 CAT509. Select the circle icon and create a circle as shown. Apply a clamp restraint 2 Sketch a shape. Steps: 1.

3. Apply a clamp restraint 4 1 Constrain circle. 2. Result 4.Step 7. Select the circle previously created. 2 3 CAT509. this takes you back to the Part Design workbench. Steps: 1. then the post outside diameter. Workshop 7. March 2002 WS7-17 . Select the constraint icon. Right click + Coincidence. Select the exit sketcher icon.

Apply a clamp restraint 1 Create a surface that exactly represents your clamping area. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS7-18 . 2. Result 2a 3 2b CAT509. select OK. Key in limits as shown. Select the Extrude icon. Workshop 7.Step 7.. 3. Select the sketch you previously created as the Profile.

then select the Extrude.1 surface and activate your analysis document. incorrect Correct CAT509. select OK. 2. March 2002 WS7-19 .1 surface onto the post part.Step 7. 3. Make sure arrows are pointing in. From Start menu select Mechanical Design + Part Design workbench. 3 2b 2a Finally no-show the Extrude.1 object. Select the sewing icon. Steps: 1. Apply a clamp restraint 1 Sewing the Extrude. Workshop 7.

Select the post area that we just sewed a surface on. Select the Clamp Restraint icon. Note the Clamp object added to the features tree. 3. 2 4 inches CAT509. select OK. The clamp only applies to the bottom 4 inches.Step 7. Workshop 7. 2. March 2002 WS7-20 . Apply a clamp restraint 1 3 Steps: 1.

Step 8. Apply a moment load 1 200 lb 7” 2 Image to show The –y moment Steps: 1. Note the Moment. Select the Moment icon. 3 CAT509. Select the 4 faces where the seat attaches.1 object added to the features tree. Workshop 7. 4. 2. 4 2 3. March 2002 WS7-21 . Enter -1400 inch lbs about the y-axis (200 lb x 7 inches).

March 2002 WS7-22 . 2. 2 1 4 5 CAT509.1 in the features tree and verify the gauss solution type is selected. Singularity detected. Workshop 7. select OK. 5. Note the resources estimation. Compute the analysis 3 Debugging singularities. select OK. Double click on the Static Case Solution. select Yes. Compute All. Select the compute icon. 4.Step 9. Steps: 1. 3.

2. In the features tree right click Deformed Mesh object then select Inactivate. March 2002 WS7-23 . Steps: 1. 3.Step 9. Note the upper clamp part requires a restraint. Select the Deformation icon. Compute the analysis 2 Visualize what causes the singularities so you can properly restrain your system. Workshop 7. 1 3 CAT509.

1). select OK. Compute the analysis 1 Define the second Fastener Connection making our model statically determinate. 3. Select the Fastened Connection icon. Note the mesh connection created between parts and contact properties. 2 3 Fastened part bodies are fastened to behave as a single body. CAT509. 2. From the tree select the surface contact (lower clamp. however the deformability of the interface is considered.1 to upper clamp. Steps: 1.Step 9. Workshop 7. March 2002 WS7-24 .

Workshop 7. select OK. 2. 4.Step 9. Compute All. 1 3 5 4 Animate to visualize behavior. Compute the analysis 2 Show the Deformed Mesh. Activate the Deformed Mesh image. Select the compute icon. 5. Note all images are available. select Yes. CAT509. Note the resources estimation. Steps: 1. 3. March 2002 WS7-25 .

Step 10. 2. Visualize the analysis results Visualize the assembled Von Mises stress image and Maximum Extremas. 3 2 1 CAT509. select OK. Select Global and request 2 maximum extrema at most. Select the Von Mises Icon. Steps: 1. 3. March 2002 WS7-26 . Workshop 7. Select on the Search Image Extrema icon.

select close. Visualize the analysis results 3 Visualize Section Cuts of the assembled Von Mises stress image. CAT509.Step 10. Steps: 1. Modify the cut plane options to your liking. March 2002 WS7-27 . 2. 3. 2 1 Review other areas. Select Cut Plane Analysis Icon. Use the compass to locate the cutting plane as shown. Workshop 7.

March 2002 WS7-28 . Visualize the analysis results 1 Focus on the assembled Von Mises Maximum Extrema stress.Step 10. Next we will verify the estimated error to know this is the precise design stress. CAT509. Steps 1. Workshop 7. Right click + Focus On.

Workshop 7. March 2002 WS7-29 . Select the display stress estimated precision Icon. Select Global and request 2 maximum extrema at most. 1 2 If you do not see the Extrema symbol look in no show. 2. 3. Select on the Search Image Extrema icon. Steps: 1. CAT509.Step 10. Visualize the analysis results 3 Visualize the assembled Estimated Error image and Maximum Extremas. select OK.

2. Select the Informations icon. 1 CAT509. Workshop 7. Select Estimated local error in the features tree. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS7-30 . 3. 3 2 It is important to note that the estimated maximum global error is not near the critical clamping area.Step 10. Note the error %. Visualize the analysis results Find the Global % Error. select close.

Workshop 7.Step 10. Visualize the analysis results Create an Adaptivity Box to determine Local % Estimated Error. and select the Adaptivity box Icon. March 2002 WS7-31 1b 3 1a 2 . 1 hour. stay with linear elements for this class. Note the Local Error 45. In the interest of time. CAT509. but computational time is approx. Steps: 1. Verify that the Estimated Error image is active. 3. Locate and size the adaptivity box as shown. 2. Global error of 30% and local error of 45% is unacceptable. Recommend max of 20% and 10% respectively. Changing to a Parabolic element type mesh will yield the precise values.7%.

Visualize the analysis results 3 Visualize the assembled Displacement image. Double click Translational displacement object in the features tree to edit image parameters.Step 10. March 2002 WS7-32 . 2. 3. Workshop 7. select OK. Select the Displacement Image Icon. Steps: 1. Click on Average-Iso in Visu tab to switch display. 1 2 CAT509.

1:post. Workshop 7.Step 10. 2 4 3 1 5a CAT509. select OK. Double click Von Mises in the features tree to edit the image. 3. Select the Von Mises icon (this deactivates the active image and actives Von Mises). 4. Right click Global Maximum. Double click to see the image extremum editor. 2. Steps: 1.1 object. 5. Visualize the analysis results 5b Visualize the Von Mises stress for the post.1 then select Focus on. Right click Extrema in features tree then select Local update. Select the Selections tab then OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh. March 2002 WS7-33 .

2. Steps: 1. Select the Selections tab then OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh. Workshop 7.2:lowerClamp. Right click Global Maximum. Visualize the analysis results 4b Visualize the Von Mises stress for the lower Clamp. 4. 3.Step 10.1 then select Focus on. 1 3 2 4a CAT509. Double click to see the image extremum editor. Right click Extrema in features tree then select Local update.1 object. March 2002 WS7-34 . select OK. Double click Von Mises in the features tree to edit the image.

select OK.1 object.Step 10. 1 3 2 4a CAT509. Steps: 1. Visualize the analysis results 4b Visualize the Von Mises stress for the upper Clamp. Double click Von Mises in the features tree to edit the image. Right click Extrema in features tree then select Local update.1 then select Focus on. Double click to see the image extremum editor. 4. Workshop 7. March 2002 WS7-35 . 2. 3.3:upperClamp. Select the Selections tab then OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh. Right click Global Maximum.

Steps: 1. Workshop 7. Right click on Global Maximum.1.Step 10.1 then select Local update to find max stress on this selection. Select the Selections tab. 2a 1 3 2b Also examine the Moment. Then double click to edit the image in the features tree.1. then the Clamp. Visualize the analysis results Visualize the Von Mises stress localized at the clamp. CAT509. 2. select OK. March 2002 WS7-36 . 3. Verify the Von Mises Stress image is active.

2 1 5b 4 5a 5.1.1 object in the features tree + Create Sensor.Step 10. Steps: 1. Double click Reaction-Clamp. select close. March 2002 WS7-37 . Workshop 7. Select reaction. OK. 3. 2. Select the Moment tab. Select Clamp.1 in the features tree to review the values. verify that it equals the induced moment. Right click the Sensor. Note you must recompute to update this sensor (it’s fast). Visualize the analysis results 3 Find the Reactions in the clamped area. 4. CAT509.

In Reaction sensor select Fastened Connection. Select reaction.3 in the features tree. 3 2 4 5 6 1 7. Re-compute to update newly created sensors. 7 CAT509. Double click Reaction-Fastened Connection.1 object in the features tree then select Create Sensor.2 in the features tree to review the Forces and Moments.2. Visualize the analysis results Find the Bolt Loads. 3.Step 10. Select user Bolt_axis System. click OK. Workshop 7. March 2002 WS7-38 . 2. 5. 4. Right click the Sensor. Change Reference Axis Type to User. Steps: 1. 6.

Steps: 1. 3. March 2002 WS7-39 . Workshop 7. Select static restraints from features tree to specify reference select OK. Select Restrains. 2. Frequency (Modal) analysis for the assembly 3 1 2 Start by inserting a new frequency analysis with restraints.Step 11. Select reference to use static case restraints. Masses and Hide existing Analysis Cases to define frequency parameters. 4. 4 4 CAT509. From the Insert menu select Frequency Case.

Workshop 7. 3. Key in 200 lb as the mass. Steps: 1.Step 11. Frequency (Modal) analysis for the assembly 3 2 Create mass equipment. 1 CAT509. select OK. March 2002 WS7-40 . Select the mass icon. Select four inner faces as the supports. 2.

Double click Frequency Case Solution. Steps: 1. Key in 5 number of modes.1 in the features tree. March 2002 WS7-41 . Frequency (Modal) analysis for the assembly 2 Specify solution parameters. Select the lanczos method. 2. Workshop 7. select OK 3.Step 11. 1 3 CAT509. Select the compute icon and specify All. select OK.

CAT509. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS7-42 . Click the Frequencies tab and select mode numbers to view each image. animate. Frequency (Modal) analysis for the assembly 3a Visualize the results. Double click Translational displacement in the features tree to edit image parameters. Workshop 7. 3. Repeat with other modes. 3b 2 1 To view displacement at any calculated mode. 2. Select the Displacement image icon.Step 11.

9. generate a report. Generate a report Conclusions: Maximum stress exceeds material yield. CAT509. 4. Workshop 7. Select the Basic Analysis Report icon.6 ksi Von Mises extrema Parabolic elements. Key in Title of the report.8% precision 98. Steps: 1.2 ksi 144 ksi 101 ksi After activating each image at least once. Select new material with yield values that exceed the analyzed Von Mises extrema using the parabolic element results. March 2002 WS7-43 2 3 4 1 . Select an Output directory. Von Mises extrema Linear elements. 3.Step 12.0 ksi 72.8 ksi 41. select OK.5% precision Post Lower Clamp Upper Clamp 58. 2. Choose both analysis cases. 44.

March 2002 3 WS7-44 . It may launch minimized. 2.html. Selecting a topic. Generate a report 1 2 Report features Steps: 1. If your report does not automatically launch locate the . The text is “hot linked” to your report. Workshop 7.Step 12.html files in your specified output directory. then double click navigation. 3. will launch the report specifically locating your area of interest. CAT509.

Workshop 7. Static Case and Frequency Case in the navigation.Step 12.html. CAT509. Generate a report Results by selecting SEAT POST ASSEMBLY. March 2002 WS7-45 .

Save the analysis document Steps: 1. Click Save As to specify name and path. From File menu select Save Management. March 2002 WS7-46 . select OK. 3. 1 2 3 CAT509. Workshop 7. Highlight document.Step 13. 2.

Precise Results Parabolic elements CAT509.Step 14. March 2002 WS7-47 . Workshop 7.

Precise Results Von Mises with Parabolic elements CAT509. March 2002 WS7-48 .Step 14. Workshop 7.

Step 14. March 2002 WS7-49 . Precise Results Von Mises “Post” Extrema with Parabolic elements CAT509. Workshop 7.

Workshop 7. Precise Results Von Mises “Lower Clamp” Extrema with Parabolic elements CAT509. March 2002 WS7-50 .Step 14.

Precise Results Von Mises “Upper Clamp” Extrema with Parabolic elements CAT509. March 2002 WS7-51 .Step 14. Workshop 7.

Workshop 7.CAT509. March 2002 WS7-52 .

Workshop 8.WORKSHOP 8 RECTANGULAR SECTION CANTILEVER BEAM CAT509. March 2002 WS8-1 .

Workshop 8.CAT509. March 2002 WS8-2 .

266 Density = . Workshop 8.284 lb_in3 Yield Strength = 75000 psi 4000 lbs (2 ton) CAT509.0e6 psi Poisson Ratio = . 12 inches Material: Heat Treated 4340 Steel Young Modulus = 29. March 2002 WS8-3 .WORKSHOP 8 – RECTANGULAR CANTILEVER BEAM Problem Description Load case.

WORKSHOP 8 – RECTANGULAR CANTILEVER BEAM Problem Description Hand Calculations Displacement: Bending Stress Horizontal shear stress CAT509. March 2002 WS8-4 . Workshop 8.

Apply a distributed force.WORKSHOP 8 – RECTANGULAR CANTILEVER BEAM Suggested Exercise Steps 1. March 2002 WS8-5 . 8.CATAnalysis). 4. 9. 7. 5. Check global and local precision (animate deformation. Apply a clamp restraint. Mesh globally with linear elements. Create a new CATIA analysis document (. Compute the initial analysis. 10. Visualize final results. adaptive boxes and extremas). Save the analysis document. 3. Compute the precise analysis. CAT509. 2. Workshop 8. Change mesh to parabolic. 6.

4. 2. Workshop 8. Open the existing ws8rectangularBeam.C ATPart from the training directory. Specify the Computations and Results storage locations as shown. Create a new CATIA analysis document 3 4 1 Steps: 1.Step 1. Launch the Generative Structural Analysis workbench. Apply steel material properties to the part as required. 2 CAT509. 3. March 2002 WS8-6 .

1:Pedal” representation in the features tree or the “Mesh” icon on the part. 3. 4. select OK. Mesh globally with linear elements Define the global finite element mesh properties.Step 2. Specify the recommended rough Global Size = . means 4 corner nodes tetrahedron) and is good for a rough analysis.25”. Steps: 1. March 2002 Linear TE4 WS8-7 Parabolic TE10 . Double Click the “OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh. Specify the recommended Sag = 10% of Global Size. Specify element type “Linear” (TE4. 2 3 1 4 2. CAT509. Workshop 8.

3. Workshop 8. 1 CAT509. select OK 2. March 2002 WS8-8 . Mesh globally with linear elements 2 3 4 Compute and visualize the mesh only Steps: 1. Select the compute icon and compute mesh only. Note the image that get added to the features tree.Step 2. Right click Finite element Model in the features tree then select Mesh Visualization.

This icon shows your customized view parameters. select OK (this will turn off the Materials rendering). Render Style and Customize View. 2 3 4 CAT509.Step 2. Steps: 1. Mesh globally with linear elements 1 Better visualize the mesh by turning off the material rendering. From the menu select View. 2. Workshop 8. March 2002 WS8-9 . 4. Click the Facet box. The dynamic hidden line removal image shows only the outside elements. 3.

Mesh globally with linear elements 1 Better visualize by shrinking the mesh elements. Workshop 8. 2. select OK. March 2002 . Double click the Mesh object in the features tree.Step 2. Slide the Shrink Coefficient bar to 0. WS8-10 2 CAT509.90%. Steps: 1.

4. Select the face at the origin. 5.Step 3. 3. Inactivate the Mesh image in the features tree by right clicking then select Image activate/deactivate. Select the Clamp Restraint icon. WS8-11 5 4 2 CAT509. Apply a clamp restraint 3 1 Steps: 1. 2. Workshop 8. Change your display mode to Shading with Edges. March 2002 . Note the Clamp object added to the features tree. select OK.

Activate the Mesh image in the features tree by right clicking then select Image activate/deactivate. Display geometry with the Dynamic Hidden Line Removal icon. Right click the Clamp. 4. Re-compute Mesh only. Steps: 1.Step 3. March 2002 WS8-12 .1 object in the features tree then select Restraint visualization on mesh. Apply a clamp restraint 3 Examine the details of what this clamp feature is doing at the nodes. Workshop 8. 2. 3. 4 1 2 CAT509.

Double click the Mesh object in the features tree. Steps: 1. Apply a clamp restraint 1 2 Further examine the details of what this clamp feature is doing at the nodes.1 in the Fem Editor. March 2002 WS8-13 . select OK. Select the Selections tab and Clamp. 2. Workshop 8. Symbol indicates clamped. or all 6 degrees of freedom restricted. CAT509.Step 3.

Step 4. Apply a distributed force

2

1
Steps: 1. Double click the Mesh object in the features tree. 2. Select the Selections tab and “All” in the Fem Editor, select OK.. 3. DeActivate the “Restraint symbol” and the “Mesh” image in the features tree by right clicking then select Image activate/deactivate. 4. Display geometry with the Dynamic Hidden Line Removal icon.

3

4

CAT509, Workshop 8, March 2002

WS8-14

Step 4. Apply a distributed force

1

Steps: 1. Select the Force icon. 2. Select end face as shown. 3. Enter -4000 lbs in the Z-direction, select OK.

2

3

CAT509, Workshop 8, March 2002

WS8-15

Step 4. Apply a distributed force

3
Examine the details of what this Distributed Force.1 feature is doing at the nodes. Steps: 1. Re-compute Mesh only. 2. Display geometry with the Wireframe (NHR) icon. 3. Activate the Mesh image in the features tree by right clicking then select Image activate/deactivate. 4. Right click Distributed Force.1 object in the features tree then select Restraint visualization on mesh. CAT509, Workshop 8, March 2002

4 1

2

WS8-16

Step 4. Apply a distributed force
2

1

Further examine the details of what this Distributed Force.1 feature is doing at the nodes. Steps: 1. Double click the Mesh object in the features tree. 2. Select the Selections tab and Distributed Force.1 in the Fem Editor, select OK. CAT509, Workshop 8, March 2002 WS8-17

Step 5. Compute the initial analysis

2

1
Steps: 1. Double click the Mesh object in the features tree. 2. Select the Selections tab and “All” in the Fem Editor, select OK.. 3. DeActivate the “Distributed Force.1” and the “Mesh” image in the features tree by right clicking then select Image activate/deactivate. 4. Change your display mode to Shading with Edges.

3

4

CAT509, Workshop 8, March 2002

WS8-18

Step 5. Compute the initial analysis

2

Steps: 1. Select the Compute icon. 2. Compute All Objects defined, select OK. 3. Always be aware of these values, select Yes.

1

3

Save often.

CAT509, Workshop 8, March 2002

WS8-19

Step 6. Check global and local precision

Visualize the computation error map. Steps: 1. Select the Precision icon. 2. Select on the information icon. 3. Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. Note the global estimated error rate is good (recommend max 20%).

3

4b

1

2

CAT509, Workshop 8, March 2002

WS8-20

Step 6. Check global and local precision

Find the global element with the highest estimated error. Steps: 1. Select the Search Image Extrema icon. 2. Select Global and 2 maximum extrema at most, select OK. 3. Right click the Global Maximum.1 object in the features tree then select Focus On.

3 2

1

CAT509, Workshop 8, March 2002

WS8-21

Step 6. Check global and local precision
1 4 2a
Determine local error percentage (%). Steps: 1. Select the adaptivity box icon. 2. Select the “Select Extremum” button then Global Maximum.1 in the features tree to locate box. 3. Use the compass and green dots to locate and size box around meshed areas. 4. Since local error is above 10% try changing the mesh element to Parabolic.

2b

3

CAT509, Workshop 8, March 2002

WS8-22

Double Click the “OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh.Step 7.1” representation in the features tree or the “Mesh” icon centered on the part. Steps: 1. 2 CAT509. Change element type to Parabolic. Change mesh to parabolic 1 Redefine the global finite element mesh type. 2. select OK. March 2002 WS8-23 . Workshop 8.

2. March 2002 WS8-24 . 1 3 Save often. Select the Compute icon. select Yes.Step 8. Compute the precise analysis 2 Steps: 1. Compute All Objects defined. Workshop 8. Always be aware of these values. CAT509. select OK. 3.

Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. Select on the information icon. Compute the precise analysis Check how much the global estimated error has improved Steps: 1. 2. March 2002 WS8-25 . Workshop 8.Step 8. Right click the Estimated local error object in the features tree then select Image Activate/DeActivate to activate the image. 3. 1 3 2 CAT509. Note the global estimated error rate is very good.

Compute the precise analysis 3 Check how much the local estimated error has improved. Steps: 1. Double click the Adaptivity Box.1 object in the features tree. Since local error is below 10% we have a precise model. Right click Extrema object in the features tree then select Local Update. 2. March 2002 WS8-26 .Step 8. 3. 1 2 CAT509. Workshop 8.

Put the adaptivity box into no show by right clicking Adaptivity Process in the features tree then select Hide/Show. Select the displacement icon to add this image. Visualize final results Add the displacement image.Step 9. CAT509. Workshop 8. Steps: 1. March 2002 1 2 WS8-27 . 2.

Step 9. Visualize final results Find the element with maximum displacement. March 2002 WS8-28 1b 2 1a . Workshop 8. Steps: 1. 2. Select the search image extrema icon then select Global and key in 2 Maximum extrema at most. Right click Global Maximum. CAT509.1 in the features tree then select Focus On.

z displacements for the element with maximum displacement.1 in the features tree then select Hide/Show. Steps: 1.Step 9. y. Double click Translational displacement vector in the features tree then select the filters tab. Workshop 8. 2. Visualize final results = V1 = X = V2 = Y = V3 = Z 3 Find x. March 2002 WS8-29 2b 2a 1 . 3. Right click Global Maximum. By positioning the cursor on a displacement symbol the component values show relative to the current Filter. CAT509.

Workshop 8. Display customized view parameters. 2. Click on the Materials box so we can render our image with solid colors. Double click Translational displacement vector in the features tree then select the AVERAGEISO in the Visu tab. Render Style then Customize View. 4. Visualize final results 1 2 Change the displacement image from symbols to Average-ISO Steps: 1. 3. March 2002 4a 4b 3 WS8-30 . From the menu select View. CAT509.Step 9.

March 2002 WS8-31 . Visualize final results Visualize Von Mises stress field patterns. Select the Stress Von Mises icon. Steps: 1. This automatically deactivates the Translational displacement image and activates the Von Mises image.Step 9. Workshop 8. 1 CAT509.

CAT509.Step 9. Workshop 8. 2. Right click Global Maximum.1 in the features tree then select Focus On. Visualize final results Find the element with maximum Von Mises Stress. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS8-32 1b 2 1a . Select the search image extrema icon then select Global and key in 2 Maximum extrema at most.

Select Iso/Fringe and select the ISO smooth box to turn it off select OK twice. Right click Global Maximum.Step 9. CAT509. Also by selecting the Filters tab notice the stress output is calculated at the nodes. 3. Steps: 1. 4. Double click Von Mises Stress object in the features tree.1 in the features tree then select Hide/Show. March 2002 WS8-33 2a 1 4 . Workshop 8. 2. Visualize final results 2b 3 Find exact recommend design stress. Note you are looking at stress values averaged across elements.

March 2002 WS8-34 . Steps: 1. Visualize final results 1 Find exact recommend design stress. 2.Step 9. Workshop 8. The maximum extrema stress is uninfluenced by poisson effects yielding higher than expected stresses 3. By positioning the cursor on a element the stress values show relative to the current Filter (in this case at the nodes). The design stress is found at the intermediate nodes of the bottom elements. 69400 – 76800 psi 2 3 CAT509.

Step 9. 4. Visualize final results 3 Find horizontal shear stress. 2. Double click Stress principal tensor symbol object in the features tree. Select the Principal Stress icon. This automatically deactivates the Von Mises stress image and activates the Principal Stress image. Workshop 8. Steps: 1. select OK. 3. Select the Criteria tab and then select MATRIX-COLUMN. Select the Filters tab and with the arrow select the Col3 Component. March 2002 WS8-35 4 2 1 . CAT509.

Hold the cursor on the tensor symbols will show the values. Lowest value should occur on the outer edges.Step 9. Workshop 8. This model shows 3290 psi 2. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS8-36 1 . Hold the Ctrl key down to select multiple values. Visualize final results 2 Find horizontal shear stress. Highest value should occur at the neutral axis. CAT509.

25” Parabolic Global Mesh.direction) 69400 . increase material strength to a minimum yield of 77000 psi for the described load case. To be conservative.025” sag 1.Step 9.25 % 2. March 2002 WS8-37 . Workshop 8.93 % 2. Visualize final results Conclusions CATIA V5 GSA workbench is validated for a rectangular cantilever beam scenario. Hand Calculations Global % Precision error Local % Precision error Error Estimate Translational Displacement Max Von Mises Stress Horizontal Shear Stress NA NA NA -0.76800 psi 3290 psi CAT509.5e-7 Btu global -0. .119 inch 72000 psi 3000 psi .121 inch (Z .

Workshop 8. Select Save Management from the File menu. select. 3. Save the analysis document Steps: 1.Step 10. 2. Select Save As to specify name and path. OK. March 2002 WS8-38 . Highlight document you want to save. 1 2 3 CAT509.

shear strength (psi). Angle of twist (radians.266 usually). Angular acceleration (radians/sec/sec). steel = .ALL WORKSHOPS List of Symbols and Definitions Greek letters.3 degrees).) Unit shear strain (in. included angle of beam curvature (degrees). slope of tapered beam. Normal stress. 1 radian = 57./in. unit shear force. included angle. form factor. Yield strength (psi). bending (b) or shear (s). Perpendicular deflection (in. March 2002 WS8-39 . elongation or contraction (in. Shear stress (psi). tensile or compressive (psi)./in. strength (psi). Poisson’s ratio (aluminum = .). angle of rotation.346 usually. CAT509. Unit angular twist (radians/linear inch). angle of rotation (radians). any specified angle. Workshop 8. Bending stress (psi). Unit strain.).

March 2002 WS8-40 . = neutral axis a = area of section where stress is desired or applied (in2) b = width of section (in) c = distance from neutral axis to extreme fiber (in) d = depth of section (in) e = eccentricity of applied load (in) f = force per linear inch (in) g = acceleration of gravity (386.ALL WORKSHOPS List of Symbols and Definitions Letters. radial force (lbs) I = moment of inertia (in4) J = polar moment of inertia (in4) L = length of member (in) M = bending moment (in-lbs) P = concentrated load (lbs) Q = shear center R = reaction (lbs) S = section modulus (in3) = I/c T = torque or twisting moment (in-lbs V = vertical shear load (lbs) W = total load (lbs). tension (psi) F = total force (lbs).G. weight (lbs) C. radius of gyration t = thickness of section (in) w = uniformly distributed load (lbs/linear inch) y = distance of area’s center of gravity to neutral axis of entire section (in) CAT509. total area of cross-section E = modulus of elasticity.O. = center of gravity D. Workshop 8.4 inch/sec2) h = height (in) k = any specified constant or amplification factor m = mass n = distance of section’s neutral axis from ref axis (in) p = internal pressure (psi) r = radius (in). A = area (in2).F = degrees of freedom N.A.

March 2001 WS8b-1 . Workshop 8b.WORKSHOP 8b Z-SECTION CANTILEVER BEAM CAT509.

Workshop 8b.CAT509. March 2002 WS8b-2 .

77e6 psi Poisson Ratio = . 6 inches Material: Aluminum Young Modulus = 10.098 lb_in3 Yield Strength = 13778 psi 1000 lbs CAT509.15e6 psi Shear Modulus = 3. Workshop 8b.WORKSHOP 8b – Z-SECTION CANTILEVER BEAM Problem Description Load case.346 Density = . March 2002 WS8b-3 .

Workshop 8b. March 2002 WS8b-4 .WORKSHOP 8b – Z-SECTION CANTILEVER BEAM Problem Description Bending and shear displacement Bending stress CAT509.

Create a new CATIA analysis document (. 8. possibly add local meshing. 6. 4. Compute the precise analysis. Workshop 8b. 3. adaptive boxes and extremas). CAT509. Check global and local precision (animate deformation. March 2002 WS8b-5 . 2. Mesh globally with linear elements.WORKSHOP 8b – Z-SECTION CANTILEVER BEAM Suggested Exercise Steps 1.CATAnalysis). Change mesh to parabolic. Apply a distributed force. Compute the initial analysis. Visualize final results. 10. Save the analysis document. 5. 9. 7. Apply a clamp restraint.

Launch the Generative Structural Analysis workbench. 4. March 2002 WS8b-6 . 3. Apply aluminum material properties to the part as required.Step 1.CATPart from the training directory. 2. Workshop 8b. Create a new CATIA analysis document 3 4 1 Steps: 1. 2 CAT509. Open the existing ws8bZsection. Specify the Computations and Results storage locations as shown.

March 2002 WS8b-7 . 3. key in the recommended 10% of mesh size (. 2. Right click in the Global Size box and select Measure. Mesh globally with linear elements 1 2 Steps: 1. Result. 5. Double Click the “Mesh” icon on the part. 3 5 Change to . you do want to copy result of this measure in this parameter. select the two edges indicated. also edit the Sag. Note measure between is current.Step 2. 4.01in 4 CAT509.01in). Workshop 8b. Click Yes.

Step 3. Select the face at the origin. 2. Select the Clamp Restraint icon. March 2002 WS8b-8 . Workshop 8b. Apply a clamp restraint 1 2 Steps: 1. select OK. CAT509.

select OK. Apply a distributed force 1 Load only on the web Steps: 1. CAT509.Step 4. Select the Force icon. Enter -1000 lbs in the Z-direction. causing inaccurate loading on the flanges. Select two edges as shown. March 2002 WS8b-9 . Workshop 8b. 2 3 If you try selecting the face the whole cross section will select. 2. 3.

Apply a distributed force 1 It is necessary to add a boundary condition that forces all bending to occur in the x-z plane. CAT509. Select the Surface Slider icon. Select the face as shown. Steps: 1.Step 4. March 2002 WS8b-10 . Workshop 8b. 2. 2 Unsymmetrical sections will deflect laterally without this Surface Slider restraint.

3. Workshop 8b. Always be aware of these values. March 2002 WS8b-11 . Compute All Objects defined. 1 3 Save often.Step 5. select OK. select Yes. Compute the initial analysis 2 Steps: 1. Select the Compute icon. CAT509. 2.

Steps: 1. 2 CAT509. March 2002 WS8b-12 . Workshop 8b. Select the Deformation icon. Check global and local precision ISO View Visualize the Deformation and animate. 1 Front View Verify that you have no deflection in the y-direction by animating the front view. Select on the Animate icon. 2.Step 6.

2. Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. 1 2 CAT509. Workshop 8b. Select the Precision icon. Check global and local precision 3 Visualize the computation error map. Select on the information icon. 3. Steps: 1.Step 6. Note the global estimated error rate is good (recommend max 20%). March 2002 WS8b-13 .

Workshop 8b. select OK. 2. Steps: 1. 3 2 1 CAT509. Check global and local precision Find the global element with the highest estimated error. 3. Select the Search Image Extrema icon. March 2002 WS8b-14 . Select Global and 2 maximum extrema at most.1 object in the features tree then select Focus On.Step 6. Right click the Global Maximum.

Since local error is above 10% try changing the mesh element to Parabolic. Check global and local precision 1 4 2a Determine local error percentage (%).1 in the features tree to locate box. 3. 2. Select the “Select Extremum” button then Global Maximum. 2b 3 CAT509. March 2002 WS8b-15 . Select the adaptivity box icon.Step 6. Workshop 8b. Steps: 1. Use the compass and green dots to locate and size box around meshed areas. 4.

select OK. WS8b-16 2 CAT509.1” representation in the features tree. Change mesh to parabolic 1 Redefine the global finite element mesh type. March 2002 . Double Click the “OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh. Change element type to Parabolic. Workshop 8b. Steps: 1.Step 7. 2.

Workshop 8b. Always be aware of these values. select Yes. select OK. Compute the precise analysis 2 Steps: 1. 2. 1 3 Save often. 3.Step 8. CAT509. Select the Compute icon. Compute All Objects defined. March 2002 WS8b-17 .

Workshop 8b. 1 3 2 CAT509. Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. Compute the precise analysis Check how much the global estimated error has improved Steps: 1. 3.Step 8. Note the global estimated error rate is very good. 2. March 2002 WS8b-18 . Right click the Estimated local error object in the features tree then select Image Activate/DeActivate to activate the image. Select on the information icon.

3. Since local error is below 10% we have a precise model. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS8b-19 . 2. Right click Extrema object in the features tree then select Local Update. Double click the Adaptivity Process object in the features tree.Step 8. 1 2 CAT509. Compute the precise analysis 3 Check how much the local estimated error has improved. Workshop 8b.

Steps: 1. March 2002 1 2 WS8b-20 . Put the adaptivity box into no show by right clicking Adaptivity Process in the features tree then select Hide/Show.Step 9. Select the displacement icon to add this image. 2. CAT509. Workshop 8b. Visualize final results Add the displacement image.

Visualize final results Visualize Von Mises stress field patterns. 1 CAT509.Step 9. Steps: 1. This automatically deactivates the Translational displacement image and activates the Von Mises image. March 2002 WS8b-21 . Workshop 8b. Select the Stress Von Mises icon.

Select the search image extrema icon then select Global and key in 2 Maximum extrema at most. 2. Steps: 1. March 2002 2 1b 1a WS8b-22 . Visualize final results Find the element with maximum Von Mises Stress. CAT509.Step 9. Workshop 8b. Right click Global Maximum.1 in the features tree then select Focus On.

Double click Von Mises Stress object in the features tree. Visualize final results 2b 3 Find exact recommend design stress. Steps: 1. select OK twice. Select Iso/Fringe and select the ISO smooth box to turn it off. 4. 3. Also by selecting the Filters tab notice the stress output is calculated at the nodes. 2. Right click Extrema in the features tree then select Hide/Show. March 2002 WS8b-23 2a 4 1 .Step 9. Note you are looking at stress values averaged across elements. Workshop 8b. CAT509.

March 2002 3 WS8b-24 .134000 psi CAT509. The design stress is found at the intermediate nodes of the bottom elements. Workshop 8b. By positioning the cursor on a element the stress values show relative to the current Filter (in this case at the nodes). Steps: 1. 123000 .Step 9. Visualize final results 1 2 Find exact recommend design stress. 2. The maximum extrema stress is uninfluenced by poisson effects yielding higher than expected stresses 3.

1 inch Parabolic Global Mesh. increase material strength to a minimum yield of 134000 psi for the described load case. . Hand Calculations Global % Precision error Local % Precision error Error Estimate Translational Displacement Max Von Mises Stress NA NA NA -0.01 inch sag 2.Step 9.308 inch (Z .134000 psi CAT509.304 inch 122000 psi . Workshop 8b.38 % 5.11e-7 Btu global -0. Visualize final results Conclusions CATIA V5 GSA workbench is validated for a Z-section cantilever beam scenario. March 2002 WS8b-25 .direction) 123000 .77 % 3. To be conservative.

select. Save the analysis document Steps: 1. 3. Highlight document you want to save.Step 10. From the file menu select Save Management. 2. OK 1 2 3 CAT509. Select Save As to specify name and path. Workshop 8b. March 2002 WS8b-26 .

March 2002 WS9-1 . Workshop 9.WORKSHOP 9 STRESS CONCENTRATION FOR A STEPPED FLAT TENSION BAR CAT509.

Workshop 9.CAT509. March 2002 WS9-2 .

Workshop 9.000 lbs Material: Steel Young Modulus = 29e6 psi Poisson Ratio = .WORKSHOP 9 – STEPPED FLAT TENSION BAR Problem Description Load case. 10.266 Density = .284 lb_in3 Yield Strength = 36259 psi Fix ed end CAT509. March 2002 WS9-3 .

March 2002 WS9-4 .WORKSHOP 9 – STEPPED FLAT TENSION BAR Problem Description Approximate axial displacement Stress configuration factor and axial stress CAT509. Workshop 9.

10. March 2002 WS9-5 . 3. 6. Mesh globally with parabolic elements. Compute the initial analysis. adaptive boxes and extremas). Visualize final results.WORKSHOP 9 – STEPPED FLAT TENSION BAR Suggested Exercise Steps 1. 8. CAT509. 4. Check global and local precision (animate deformation. 7. Apply a pressure force.CATAnalysis). Apply a clamp restraint. 5. Create a new CATIA analysis document (. Save the analysis document. Compute the precise analysis. Change mesh size and add local meshing. 2. 9. Workshop 9.

2. 4. 3. Launch the Generative Structural Analysis workbench.CATPart from the training directory. Specify the Computations and Results storage locations as shown. Create a new CATIA analysis document 3 4 1 Steps: 1. 2 CAT509. Open the existing ws9stepped. March 2002 WS9-6 .Step 1. Apply steel material properties to the part as required. Workshop 9.

CAT509. Double Click the “Mesh” icon on the part. 2.Step 2. change element type to Parabolic.125in for the Global Size and 0.013in for the Global sag. Workshop 9. March 2002 WS9-7 . Key in 0. select OK. Mesh globally with parabolic elements 1 2 Steps: 1.

select OK. Workshop 9. Select the Clamp Restraint icon. 2 CAT509.Step 3. 2. Apply a clamp restraint 1 Steps: 1. Select the face as shown. March 2002 WS9-8 .

Select the Pressure icon. Apply a pressure force 2 1 Load only on the web. Workshop 9. CAT509. Pressure is always normal to the surface and negative directs force outward. 2.Step 4. select OK. March 2002 WS9-9 3 . Select top face as shown.125in2). Enter -80000psi (10000lbs/0. Steps: 1. 3.

2. 1 3 Save often. Select the Compute icon. select OK. select Yes. 3. CAT509. Always be aware of these values. Workshop 9. Compute the initial analysis 2 Steps: 1. March 2002 WS9-10 .Step 5. Compute All Objects defined.

Select the Deformation icon. 2 CAT509. Steps: 1. Check global and local precision Visualize the Deformation and animate. 1 Right Side View ISO View Verify that you have no deflection in the x-direction by animating the Right side view. Select on the Animate icon.Step 6. March 2002 WS9-11 . Workshop 9. 2.

Check global and local precision 3 Visualize the computation error map. March 2002 WS9-12 . Note the global estimated error rate is great (recommend max 20%).Step 6. Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. Select on the information icon. Workshop 9. 1 2 CAT509. 3. Select the Precision icon. 2. Steps: 1.

Check global and local precision Find the global element with the highest estimated error. Select Global and 2 maximum extrema at most. 2. March 2002 WS9-13 . 3. Right click the Global Maximum. 3 2 1 CAT509.1 object in the features tree then select Focus On.Step 6. Select the Search Image Extrema icon. select OK. Workshop 9. Steps: 1.

Use the compass and green dots to locate and size box around meshed areas. 2. Check global and local precision 1 Determine maximum local error %. Workshop 9.1 in the features tree to locate box. 3. March 2002 WS9-14 . well below the recommended 10%. 3 2b 4 2a CAT509. Steps: 1. Local error is good. 4. Select the adaptivity box icon.Step 6. Select the “Select Extremum” button then Global Maximum.

Use the compass and green dots to locate and size box around the notch area. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS9-15 . 2. CAT509. well below the recommended 10%. Check global and local precision 1 3 2 Determine local error % at stress concentration area. Select the adaptivity box icon. 3.Step 6. Workshop 9. Local error is good.

1” representation in the features tree. Change mesh size and add local meshing 1a 1b Globally change mesh size to ½ the bar thickness and locally refine the mesh in the stress concentration areas. change Global mesh size as shown. Workshop 9. Select the Local tab and add local mesh size and sag as shown select OK. WS9-16 2 CAT509. Steps: 1.Step 7. March 2002 . Double Click the “OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh. 2.

Select the Compute icon. select OK. 2. Always be aware of these values. 3. select Yes. CAT509. 1 3 Save often. Compute the precise analysis 2 Steps: 1. March 2002 WS9-17 .Step 8. Compute All Objects defined. Workshop 9.

March 2002 WS9-18 . 3. Compute the precise analysis Check how much the global estimated error has improved. Right click the Estimated local error object in the features tree then select Image Activate/DeActivate to activate the image. Steps: 1. Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. Select on the information icon. Workshop 9.Step 8. Note the global estimated error rate is very good. 1 3 2 CAT509. 2.

Double click the Adaptivity Box.Step 8. Compute the precise analysis 3 Check how much the local estimated error has improved. 2. 1 2 CAT509. Since local error is below 10% we have a precise model.1 object in the features tree. March 2002 WS9-19 . Workshop 9. Right click Extrema object in the features tree then select Local Update. 3. Steps: 1.

Visualize final results Add the displacement image. Select the displacement icon to add this image. Steps: 1.Step 9. 2. Put the adaptivity box into no show by right clicking Adaptivity Process in the features tree then select Hide/Show. March 2002 1 2 WS9-20 . Workshop 9. CAT509.

This automatically deactivates the Translational displacement image and activates the Von Mises image. Select the Stress Von Mises icon. Visualize final results Visualize Von Mises stress field patterns. Workshop 9. March 2002 WS9-21 . Steps: 1. 1 CAT509.Step 9.

Select the search image extrema icon then select Global and key in 2 Maximum extrema at most. Workshop 9. Steps: 1. 2 1b Since the local error % in this area is . Right click Global Maximum. 2.1 in the features tree then select Focus On. March 2002 WS9-22 1a .Step 9. Visualize final results Find the element with maximum Von Mises Stress. CAT509.477% (virtually zero) this is our design stress.

select OK twice. 4.Step 9. 2. March 2002 WS9-23 2a 4 1 . Double click Von Mises Stress object in the features tree. Also by selecting the Filters tab notice the stress output is calculated at the nodes. CAT509. 3. Visualize final results 2b 3 Find exact recommend design stress. Note you are looking at stress values averaged across elements. Steps: 1. Select Iso/Fringe and select the ISO smooth box to turn it off. Right click Extrema in the features tree then select Hide/Show. Workshop 9.

Workshop 9. By positioning the cursor on a element the stress values show.99e4=1. Steps: 1. Remote Stress Peak stress/Remote stress = Kt. 1.Step 9. March 2002 WS9-24 . Visualize final results 1 Peak Stress Visualize peak and remote stress to verify the stress configuration factor Kt.74 CAT509.39e5/7.

04e-9 Btu global 0. Hand Calculations Global % Precision error Local % Precision error Error Estimate Translational Displacement Max Von Mises Stress NA NA NA 0. Workshop 9.6 % 0.1 inch Parabolic Global Mesh.01 inch sag 0.47 % 7. . Visualize final results Conclusions CATIA V5 GSA workbench is validated for a stepped flat tension bar with shoulder fillets scenario.0083 inch 139200 psi .Step 9. March 2002 WS9-25 .00702 inch 139407 psi CAT509.

Highlight document you want to save. 2. 3. select. Workshop 9. OK 1 2 3 CAT509. Save the analysis document Steps: 1. Select Save Management from the File menu. March 2002 WS9-26 .Step 10. Select Save As to specify name and path.

March 2002 WS9b-1 . Workshop 9b.WORKSHOP 9b TORSION OF A SHAFT WITH A SHOULDER FILLET CAT509.

March 2002 WS9b-2 . Workshop 9b.CAT509.

284 lb_in3 Yield Strength = 36259 psi CAT509.75 inch 100 lbs Material: Steel Young Modulus = 29e6 psi Modulus of Rigidity = 12e6 psi Poisson Ratio = . Workshop 9b.266 Density = . March 2002 WS9b-3 .WORKSHOP 9b – SHOULDERED FILLET Problem Description Load case: Assume only pure torsion 100 lbs 6.

WORKSHOP 9b – SHOULDERED FILLET Hand calculations Maximum shear stress at the surface Maximum angle of twist CAT509. Workshop 9b. March 2002 WS9b-4 .

Save the analysis document. Apply a moment force. Workshop 9b. Change global and local mesh size. 6. Visualize final results. 2. 7. Compute the initial analysis. 10. Check global and local precision (animate deformation. Mesh globally with linear elements. 5.CATAnalysis). CAT509. 8. 4. March 2002 WS9b-5 . Compute the precise analysis.WORKSHOP 9b – SHOULDERED FILLET Suggested Exercise Steps 1. Apply a clamp restraint. 3. 9. adaptive boxes and extremas). Create a new CATIA analysis document (.

Specify the Computations and Results storage locations as shown. 2 CAT509. Open the existing ws9bShaft. Launch the Generative Structural Analysis workbench for a Static Analysis.Step 1. 4. 2. Apply steel material properties to the part as required (remember modulus of rigidity for torsion). March 2002 WS9b-6 . 3.CATPart from the training directory. Create a new CATIA analysis document 3 4 1 Steps: 1. Workshop 9b.

Key in 0. 2. Mesh globally with linear elements 1 Steps: 1.125in for the Global Size and 0. Workshop 9b. March 2002 WS9b-7 . 2 CAT509. Double Click the “Mesh” icon on the part.Step 2.013in for the Global sag. select OK.

CAT509. March 2002 WS9b-8 . 2. Select the Clamp restraint icon.Step 3. Select the 4 faces as shown. Workshop 9b. Apply a clamp restraint 2 1 Steps: 1. select OK.

CAT509. Select the Moment icon. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS9b-9 2 . 3.Step 4. Select four faces as shown. 2. Apply a moment force 1 3 Load only one end. Enter 1350lbfxin in the positive y-direction. Workshop 9b.

Step 5. Compute All CAT509. March 2002 WS9b-10 . Compute the initial analysis 1 Save first. Workshop 9b. Steps: 1.

March 2002 WS9b-11 . Steps: 1. Select on the Animate icon. Check global and local precision 1 Visualize the Deformation and animate. Verify that deformation is what you expect. 2. Workshop 9b. 2 CAT509. Select the Deformation icon.Step 6.

Steps: 1. March 2002 WS9b-12 . Note the global estimated error rate is not good (recommend max 20%). Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. 3. Select the Precision icon. Workshop 9b. Select on the information icon.Step 6. 2. 1 2 CAT509. Check global and local precision 3 Visualize the computation error map.

Steps: 1. 2. Workshop 9b. Check global and local precision 2 Find the global element with the highest estimated error.Step 6. 1 CAT509. Select the Search Image Extrema icon. March 2002 WS9b-13 . Focus On the worst element.

Use the compass and green dots to locate and size box around meshed areas. Local error is bad.Step 6. Select the “Select Extremum” button then Global Maximum. recommended 10%. Check global and local precision 1 3 Determine maximum local error %. Select the adaptivity box icon. Steps: 1. 2b 4 2a CAT509. 2.1 in the features tree to locate box. 3. March 2002 WS9b-14 . 4. Workshop 9b.

Use the compass and green dots to locate and size box around the shoulder area. Local error is just as bad. Select the adaptivity box icon. 3. March 2002 WS9b-15 . Workshop 9b. Check global and local precision 1 2 Determine local error % at stress concentration area. 2. 3 CAT509. recommended 10%. Steps: 1.Step 6.

2. Select the Local tab and add local mesh size and sag in the shoulder areas as shown select OK. Change global and local mesh size 1 Steps: 1. March 2002 WS9b-16 . Change global mesh as shown. 2 CAT509.Step 7. Workshop 9b.

Steps: 1. March 2002 WS9b-17 . Compute the precise analysis 1 Save first.Step 8. Workshop 9b. Compute All CAT509.

Still not per the recommended minimums.Step 8. Steps: 1.1 object in the features tree. 2 1 CAT509. you could try parabolic elements if you have time (2.7 hours and 1. Select on the information icon then Estimated local error in the features tree. Compute the precise analysis Check how much the global and local estimated error has improved. March 2002 WS9b-18 . 2. Workshop 9b.9 gig). Double click the Adaptivity Box.

Visualize final results 1 Add the Rotational displacement images. Workshop 9b. Steps: 1. CAT509. March 2002 WS9b-19 .1 in the features tree then select the Rotational displacement images.Step 9. Right click the Static Case Solution.

Steps: 1. CAT509. Select the Stress Von Mises icon. Visualize final results 1 Visualize Von Mises stress field patterns.Step 9. March 2002 WS9b-20 . Workshop 9b.

Step 9. Visualize final results

2
Find the element with maximum Von Mises Stress. Steps: 1. Select the search image extrema icon. 2. Right click Global Maximum.1 in the features tree then select Focus On.

Since the local error % in this area is 32% design stress is questionable.

1

CAT509, Workshop 9b, March 2002

WS9b-21

Step 9. Visualize final results

Display Principal Stresses to verify maximum shear. Steps: 1. Select the display principal stress icon. 2. Edit image to show only hoop or shear stress (component C1).

1

Fine tune your max shear image next page. CAT509, Workshop 9b, March 2002 WS9b-22

Step 9. Visualize final results

Hand calculations indicate max shear of 39,000 psi at the shoulder, so… Steps: 1. Double click color pallet and Impose a max 39,000 (this will color elements with 39ksi and higher red).

1

Dig deeper, next page. CAT509, Workshop 9b, March 2002 WS9b-23

Step 9. Visualize final results

1

Visualize peak and remote stress to verify the stress configuration factor Kt =1.42 (from Peterson). Steps: 1. By positioning the cursor on a element the stress values show. Peak Stress

Remote Stress

Peak stress/Remote stress = Kt. 3.27e4/2.25e4=1.45 We have a match. CAT509, Workshop 9b, March 2002 WS9b-24

Step 9. Visualize final results

2

Find global maximum shear stress. Steps: 1. Select the search Image extrema then focus on the element. 2. This design stress occurs at the smaller cross section as would be expected.

1

CAT509, Workshop 9b, March 2002

WS9b-25

Step 9. Visualize final results

Conclusions
CATIA V5 GSA workbench is validated for a shaft with a shouldered fillet scenario.

Hand Calculations Global % Precision error Local % Precision error Error Estimate Translational Displacement Stress Concentration Factor Max Principal Shear Stress NA NA NA 0.0182 radians 1.42 39,053 psi (at shoulder radius)

.06 inch Linear Global Mesh, .006 inch sag .03 inch Linear Local Mesh, .003 inch sag 19 % 24.1 % 4.93e7 Btu global ?? 1.45 34,800 – 35,600 psi at shoulder radius (design stress 88,500 psi)

CAT509, Workshop 9b, March 2002

WS9b-26

Step 10. Save the analysis document

Steps: 1. Select Save Management from the File menu. 2. Highlight document you want to save. 3. Select Save As to specify name and path, select, OK.

1

2

3

CAT509, Workshop 9b, March 2002

WS9b-27

CAT509, Workshop 9b, March 2002

WS9b-28

WORKSHOP 10 ANNULAR PLATE

CAT509, Workshop 10, March 2002

WS10-1

Workshop 10.CAT509. March 2002 WS10-2 .

75 inch Line Load.3 Density = .125 inch Annular Line Load Radius.WORKSHOP 10 – ANNULAR PLATE Problem Description Shown below is a 2-D representation of the annular plate shown on the title page. t = 0. ro = 0. The outer edge of the plate is simply supported and a uniform line load of 85 lb/in is applied a distance ro from the center of the plate. w = 85 lb/inch CAT509. w w ro simply supported b a simply supported Material: Aluminum Young Modulus = 10e6 psi Poisson Ratio = . Workshop 10. March 2002 WS10-3 .098 lb_in3 Yield Strength = 13778 psi Design requirements: Thickness.

WORKSHOP 10 – ANNULAR PLATE Hand calculations Displacement: y= ⎞ − wa 3 ⎛ C1 L9 ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ C − L3 ⎟ D ⎝ 7 ⎠ Plate constant: D= Et 3 12 1 − v 2 ( ) Plate constants dependent on the ratio a/b: C1 = C7 = 1+ v b a 1− v ⎛ a b ⎞ ln + ⎜ − ⎟ 2 a b 4 ⎝b a⎠ 1 1− v2 2 ( a )⎛ b − b ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ a ⎝ ⎠ Loading constants dependent upon the ratio a/ro: L3 = L9 = r0 a r0 a ⎧⎡⎛ r ⎞ 2 ⎤ a ⎛ r ⎞ 2 ⎫ ⎪ 0 ⎪ 0 ⎨⎢⎜ ⎟ + 1⎥ ln + ⎜ ⎟ − 1⎬ ⎪⎢⎝ a ⎠ ⎪ ⎥ r0 ⎝ a ⎠ ⎦ ⎩⎣ ⎭ ⎧1 + v a 1 − v ⎡ ⎛ r ⎞ 2 ⎤ ⎫ ⎪ ⎪ ln + ⎢1 − ⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎥ ⎬ ⎨ 4 ⎢ ⎝ a ⎠ ⎥⎪ r0 ⎪ 2 ⎣ ⎦⎭ ⎩ CAT509. Workshop 10. March 2002 WS10-4 .

March 2002 WS10-5 .3346 L3 = 0.7062 C1 = 0.0582 Maximum vertical displacement: y = -0. Workshop 10.576 Plate constants dependent on the ratio a/b: C7 = 1.WORKSHOP 10 – ANNULAR PLATE Hand calculations (cont.8815 Loading constants dependent upon the ratio a/ro: L9 = 0.018 Maximum bending stress: CAT509.) Plate constant: D = 1788.

CAT509. 10. March 2002 WS10-6 .WORKSHOP 10 – ANNULAR PLATE Suggested Exercise Steps 1. Save the analysis document. 3. 9. 2. Apply a line force density load. 6. Create a new CATIA analysis document (. 4. Visualize final results. Compute the precise analysis. adaptive boxes and extremas).CATAnalysis). 8. Compute the initial analysis. Workshop 10. Apply an advanced and isostatic restraint (simply supported). 5. 7. Refine the mesh locally. Check global and local precision (animate deformation. Mesh globally with parabolic elements.

Step 1. Apply aluminum material properties to the part as required. March 2002 WS10-7 . Open the existing ws10annularPlate . Create a new CATIA analysis document 3 4 1 2 Steps: 1. 3. Launch the Generative Structural Analysis workbench for a Static Analysis. Specify the Computations and Results storage locations as shown. 2. CAT509. 4.CATPart from the training directory. Workshop 10.

Workshop 10. Double Click the “Mesh” icon on the part. select OK. 2.125in for the Global Size and 0. change element type to Parabolic. Key in 0. Mesh globally with parabolic elements 1 Steps: 1.013in for the Global sag. Then use localized adaptive meshing for precise results. March 2002 .Step 2. WS10-8 CAT509. 2 As plates typically are large using one mesh element through the thickness is a good way to start.

March 2002 WS10-9 . 2 CAT509. 2. select OK. Select the outer edge as shown. Select the Advanced Restraint icon and restrain only translation 3.Step 3. The advanced restraint allows you to fix any combination of available nodal degrees of freedom. Apply an advanced restraint 1 Steps: 1. Workshop 10.

This will restrain the remaining degrees of freedom required to make our part statically determinate.Step 3. CAT509. Steps: 1. Workshop 10. Select the Isostatic Restraint icon. select OK. Apply an isostatic restraint 1 Apply an Isostatic restraint. March 2002 WS10-10 .

CAT509. March 2002 WS10-11 . 2 3 Special part construction techniques are necessary to enable Line Force Density application. Apply a line force density load 1 Steps: 1. Enter -85lbf_in as shown in the zdirection.75 inch radius line as shown. Workshop 10. Select the 0. 3. 2. select OK.Step 4. Select the Line Force Density icon. See next page.

1. Launch the Part Design workbench and enter Sketch. March 2002 WS10-12 .Step 4. When this sketch is rotated 360 degrees it gives us the edge element on the part that we select. 2 Steps: 1. Workshop 10. 2. Apply a line force density load 1 Review the special part construction techniques that enable Line Force Density application. This sketch has a line broken specifically at the point where your force will be applied. CAT509.

Workshop 10. Compute the initial analysis 1 Steps: 1. Compute All Save often.Step 5. March 2002 WS10-13 . CAT509.

Check global and local precision 1 Visualize the Deformation and animate. Workshop 10.Step 6. Select the Deformation icon. Steps: 1. Select on the Animate icon. 2. 2 CAT509. March 2002 WS10-14 .

2. 3. Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. Steps: 1. Note the global estimated error rate is good (recommend max 20%). Select on the information icon. Workshop 10. Check global and local precision 3 Visualize the computation error map. March 2002 WS10-15 . Select the Precision icon. 1 2 CAT509.Step 6.

1 object in the features tree then select Focus On. March 2002 WS10-16 .Step 6. select OK. Workshop 10. Select Global and 2 maximum extrema at most. Select the Search Image Extrema icon. Steps: 1. 2. Check global and local precision Find the global element with the highest estimated error. Right click the Global Maximum. 3. 3 2 1 CAT509.

Local error is good. 2. Use the compass and green dots to locate and size box around meshed areas. Check global and local precision 1 Determine maximum local error %. 4.Step 6. 3. Workshop 10. Select the “Select Extremum” button then Global Maximum. March 2002 WS10-17 . 3 2b 4 2a CAT509. well below the recommended 10%. Select the adaptivity box icon.1 in the features tree to locate box. Steps: 1.

Double Click the “OCTREE Tetrahedron Mesh.1” representation in the features tree. change and apply local mesh size and sag as shown. Refine the mesh locally 1 Refine the mesh by ½ on the inside radius. March 2002 . Workshop 10. WS10-18 CAT509.Step 7. Steps: 1.

Compute All. CAT509. March 2002 WS10-19 . Workshop 10.Step 8. Compute the precise analysis 1 Steps: 1.

Workshop 10. WS10-20 2 1 CAT509. Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. Note the global estimated error rate is very good. March 2002 . Steps: 1. 2. Visualize final results Check how much the global estimated error has improved.Step 9. Select on the information icon.

Steps: 1.Step 9. 1 2 CAT509. Relocate the adaptivity box to the new Extrema. Double click the Adaptivity Box. Since local error is below 10% we have a precise model.1 object in the features tree. Workshop 10. Right click Extrema object in the features tree then select Local Update. Visualize final results 3 Check how much the local estimated error has improved. March 2002 WS10-21 . 2. 3.

1 object in the features tree. March 2002 WS10-22 . Workshop 10. CAT509. Right click Static Case Solution. Steps: 1. Visualize final results 1 2 A new way to add images. From the list of Image Choices select the Translational displacement vector.Step 9. 2. select Generate Image.

Workshop 10. Compute All 4. Rename the dummy restraint as shown. 2. Steps: 1. Create an advanced restraint in the specific area with nothing restrained.Step 9. 3. 2 3 4 Everything unselected Sensors and this technique can be used with knowledgeware and optimization tools. CAT509. March 2002 WS10-23 . Visualize final results 1 “Trick of the trade” to filter image data. This is then used in the Image Editor under the Selections tab.

2. CAT509.Step 9.1. Create an additional Translational displacement image the old way. Workshop 10. Limit the images to show only text and vectors on the dummy restraint and the zdirection. Visualize final results Visualize two images at once. 2 1 All active images are seen over-layed on top of each other. March 2002 WS10-24 . Focus on Global Maximum. Steps: 1.

Step 9. CAT509. Visualize final results Visualize Von Mises stress field patterns. March 2002 WS10-25 . Workshop 10.

CAT509. Workshop 10. March 2002 WS10-26 . Visualize final results Find the element with maximum Von Mises Stress.Step 9.

06 inch Local Mesh. .76 % 3.03 % 3. Visualize final results Conclusions CATIA V5 GSA workbench is validated for a annular flat circular plate scenario. March 2002 WS10-27 .125 inch Parabolic Global Mesh. Hand Calculations Global % Precision error Local % Precision error Error Estimate Translational Displacement Max Von Mises Stress NA NA NA -0.006 inch sag 3.018 inch 26934 psi .02e-9 Btu global -0.013 inch sag .Step 9.021 inch 30736 psi CAT509. . Workshop 10.

Save the analysis document Save your documents CAT509. March 2002 WS10-28 .Step 10. Workshop 10.

INNER EDGE FREE CAT509. INNER EDGE GUIDED OUTER EDGE SIMPLY SUPPORTED. Workshop 10. March 2002 WS10-29 . INNER EDGE FIXED OUTER EDGE FIXED. INNER SIMPLE SUPPORTED OUTER EDGE SIMPLY SUPPORTED.WORKSHOP 10… OUTER EDGE SIMPLY SUPPORTED.

Workshop 10.CAT509. March 2002 WS10-30 .

WORKSHOP 10b RECTANGULAR PLATE SMALL CONCENTRIC CIRCLE LOAD CAT509. March 2002 WS10b-1 . Workshop 10b.

CAT509. March 2002 WS10b-2 . Workshop 10b.

WORKSHOP 10b – RECTANGULAR PLATE Problem Description All edges are simply supported.1 inch 0.3 Density = . Uniform load over small concentric circle applied at the center. t = Radius of contact.283 lb_in3 Yield Strength = 36000 psi Design requirements: Thickness. March 2002 WS10b-3 . W = 0.1 inch 500 lbs CAT509.1 inch radius Material: Aluminum Young Modulus = 29e6 psi Poisson Ratio = . 500 lbs . ro = Vertical Load. Workshop 10b.

WORKSHOP 10b – RECTANGULAR PLATE Hand calculations Maximum Bending Stress: Maximum Vertical Deflection: CAT509. Workshop 10b. March 2002 WS10b-4 .

Compute the initial analysis. Create a new CATIA analysis document (. March 2002 WS10b-5 . CAT509. 4. adaptive boxes and extremas). 8. Save the analysis document. Check global and local precision (animate deformation. 6. 9.WORKSHOP 10b – RECTANGULAR PLATE Suggested Exercise Steps 1. Refine the mesh locally with an adaptivity box. Apply a force. Mesh globally with parabolic elements. 2. 7.CATAnalysis). 3. 5. Visualize final results. Workshop 10b. Apply an advanced and isostatic restraint (simply supported).

Create a new CATIA analysis document 3 4 1 Steps: 1. Open the existing ws10bRectPlate . 2. 2 CAT509.Step 1.CATPart from the training directory. 4. March 2002 WS10b-6 . Specify the Computations and Results storage locations as shown. Workshop 10b. Launch the Generative Structural Analysis workbench for a Static Analysis. 3. Apply steel material properties to the part as required.

Workshop 10b. Mesh globally with parabolic elements 1 Steps: 1. Then use localized adaptive meshing for precise results. March 2002 . WS10b-7 CAT509. As plates typically are large using one mesh element through the thickness is a good way to start. Globally mesh as shown.Step 2.

Select isostatic restraint icon. 2. select OK.Step 3. restrain the 4 bottom edges. Select the Advanced Restraint icon. CAT509. Workshop 10b. March 2002 WS10b-8 . Apply an advanced and isostatic restraint 1 2 Steps: 1.

Workshop 10b. 2. Fill this sketch with a surface. Apply a force 1 2 “Trick of the trade” : Special construction techniques are necessary to enable you to apply a force to patterns that do not exist on parts.Step 4.CATPart current and Launch the Generative Shape Design workbench. 3 Continue on….2 inch diameter circle centered on top of the plate. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS10b-9 . CAT509. 3. Sketch a 0. Make your .

0001 inch). 3. Go to the Part Design Workbench. 2. Workshop 10b. CAT509.Step 4. Put the Sketch and the Fill features in noshow then go back to the analysis workbench. Apply a force 1 Make a solid thickness based on the surface. March 2002 WS10b-10 . Create a “thick” feature 1/2 the plate thickness into the part and a fraction out of the part (0. 2 3 This method will not effect stress levels and will work on any shape. Steps: 1.

Step 4. Use force magnitude values as shown.2 inch diameter circular pattern in a location of our choice that is selectable. Workshop 10b. Select the Force icon and the center selectable area. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS10b-11 . CAT509. Apply a force 1 Now we have a 0.

Compute the initial analysis Save first. Steps: 1.Step 5. Compute All 1 CAT509. Workshop 10b. March 2002 WS10b-12 .

You should expect even deformation and the sides pulling in representing simply supported. March 2002 WS10b-13 . Steps: 1. Workshop 10b. and global precision. Check Global precision (looks good). 1a 2a 2b 1b CAT509. Check global and local precision Check Deformation. 2.Step 6. Create a deformed image and animate to verify your system deflects as expected.

Local error looks OK but I might prefer 5%. March 2002 WS10b-14 . Check global and local precision 2 Find the global element with the highest estimated error.Step 6. Use the Search Image Extrema icon. Find local precision. 1 CAT509. Local precision is found using the adaptivity box icon. 2. Workshop 10b. Steps: 1.

March 2002 WS10b-15 . Use a goal of 3% error. Workshop 10b. Refine the mesh locally Refine the mesh to achieve 5% precision inside the adaptivity box. 1 1 CAT509. Use only one convergence. 2. as shown. Locate and size the adaptivity box where you want refinement.Step 7. Steps: 1.

Activate the deformation image to see the local mesh refinement. Check local precision again. Visualize final results 2 Steps: 1. CAT509. 1 We now have a precise model. Workshop 10b.Step 8. 2. March 2002 WS10b-16 .

Step 8. Visualize final results Visualize Von Mises stress field patterns. Workshop 10b. March 2002 WS10b-17 . CAT509.

March 2002 WS10b-18 .Step 8.317 psi CAT509. Visualize final results Principal Stresses Hand calculations = 80. Workshop 10b.

Step 8. Visualize final results Vertical displacement Hand calculations = 0. Workshop 10b. March 2002 WS10b-19 .003 inches CAT509.

00328inch 78900 psi CAT509.Step 8. March 2002 WS10b-20 .7 % 3. .125 inch Parabolic Global Mesh. Workshop 10b.8 % 4. Visualize final results Conclusions CATIA V5 GSA workbench is validated for a rectangular flat plate with a uniform load over a small concentric circle scenario. .06 inch Local Mesh.003 inch 80317 psi .93e-9 Btu global -0.006 inch sag 5.013 inch sag . Hand Calculations Global % Precision error Local % Precision error Error Estimate Translational Displacement Max Von Mises Stress NA NA NA -0.

Workshop 10b.Step 9. Save the analysis document Save your documents CAT509. March 2002 WS10b-21 .

WORKSHOP 10… FOUR EDGES FIXED.TWO EDGE FREE THREE EDGES FIXED TWO EDGES FIXED CAT509. March 2002 WS10b-22 . Workshop 10b. TWO EDGES SIMPLY SUPPORTED .

March 2002 WS11-1 . Workshop 11.WORKSHOP 11 PRESS FIT CAT509.

CAT509. Workshop 11. March 2002 WS11-2 .

Workshop 11.346 Density = .266 Density = .098 lb_in3 Yield Strength = 13778 psi Note: parts are modeled net size WS11-3 CAT509. March 2002 .284 lb_in3 Yield Strength = 36259 psi Outside Cylinder Material: Aluminum Young Modulus = 10.15e6 psi Poisson Ratio = . Plug Material: Steel Young Modulus = 29e6 psi Poisson Ratio = .010 inch of interference on the diameter) of a steel plug into an aluminum cylinder.WORKSHOP 11 – PRESS FIT Problem Description Determine the contact pressure and the hoop stress for a class FN4 force fit (0.

March 2002 WS11-4 .010 inch press fit on the diameter. Workshop 11. CAT509.WORKSHOP 11 – PRESS FIT Hand calculations Contact pressure due to 0. Hoop stress at outside and inside diameters.

8. 3. 7. 9. Create assembly constraints. Workshop 11. Open a …CATProduct. Save the analysis document. Compute the initial analysis. 4. 5.WORKSHOP 11 – PRESS FIT Suggested Exercise Steps 1. 10. Mesh globally and locally. 6. 2. March 2002 WS11-5 . Visualize final results. and specify materials. Check global and local precision (animate deformation. Create a new CATIA analysis document. Apply analysis properties. adaptive boxes and extremas). Apply an isostatic restraint. CAT509.

Step 1. Open …CATProduct and specify material
1

Steps: 1. Open the existing ws11CylPressFit .CATProduct from the training directory. 2. Apply aluminum material properties to the ws11outerCyl.CATPart as required. 3. Apply steel material properties to the ws11innerCyl.CATPart as required. CAT509, Workshop 11, March 2002

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3

WS11-6

Step 2. Create assembly constraints
1 2

If you have trouble creating a constraint it could be due to your current options. Steps: 1. Click Tools, Options, Mechanical Design, Assembly Design and the Constraints tab. 2. Make sure “Use any geometry” is selected. 3. Otherwise this Assistant will appear. 4. Return to the Assembly Design workbench. Select the Fix Component icon. Select the outer cylinder. CAT509, Workshop 11, March 2002

3

4

WS11-7

Step 2. Create assembly constraints
Using the Compass Steps: 1. The compass is available to assist you in creating assembly constraints. Move the curser onto the red dot of the compass and it will change to crossing arrows. 2. Hold mouse button one down and drag it to the plugs outside face as shown, let go of mouse button one. 3. Move the curser to the Z vector of the compass, hold button one down and drag to position shown. 4. Return compass to it’s original state by dragging and dropping it on the view axis.

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3 4

We are now ready to apply constraints. CAT509, Workshop 11, March 2002 WS11-8

Step 2. Create assembly constraints
1

Apply a contact constraint. Steps: 1. Make sure the Assembly Design general update is set to Manual. 2. Select the Contact Constraint icon. 3. Select the inner and outer surfaces as shown. Click OK.

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3

This surface contact feature will be used in the analysis workbench when applying the Contact Connection property. CAT509, Workshop 11, March 2002 WS11-9

Step 2. Create assembly constraints

2
Apply an offset constraint. Steps: 1. Select the Offset Constraint icon. 2. Select the outside coplanar faces as shown. 3. Key in 0in (zero) for the Offset, select OK. 4. Select the update icon.

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3 4

This Offset Constraint keeps the plug positioned in the hole. CAT509, Workshop 11, March 2002 WS11-10

Step 3. Create a new CATIA analysis document
1 2

Steps: 1. Launch the Generative Structural Analysis workbench for a Static Analysis. 2. Specify the Computations and Results storage locations as shown. Click File and Save Management to save this new document, confirm names and locations of all other documents involved.

CAT509, Workshop 11, March 2002

WS11-11

Step 4. Apply analysis properties

1
Simulate a contact connection. Steps: 1. Select the Contact Connection icon. 2. Select the surface contact constraint from the features tree. 3. Key in negative 0.010in for the clearance, select OK. This negative clearance simulates an interference fit. 4. Note the Contact Connection.1 object in the features tree.

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3

Contact connections define clearance or penetration boundaries between parts but otherwise move arbitrarily. CAT509, Workshop 11, March 2002

4

WS11-12

Step 4. Apply analysis properties

1

Simulate a smooth connection to prevent the center plug from moving or sliding out. Steps: 1. Select the Smooth Connection icon. 2. Select the offset constraint from the features tree, click OK. 3. Note the Smooth Connection.1 object in the features tree.

2

Smooth connections fasten parts together so they behave as a single body while allowing deformation.

3

CAT509, Workshop 11, March 2002

WS11-13

Step 5. Mesh globally and locally

The compass is very handy when specifying your mesh on an assembly of parts. Steps: 1. Double Click the CylPressFit object in the features tree. This takes you into the Assembly Design workbench. 2. Move the center plug like we did earlier as shown. 3. Return compass to it’s original state. 4. Double click Finite Element Model object in the features tree to take us back to the Analysis workbench.

1 4

2 3

CAT509, Workshop 11, March 2002

WS11-14

Steps: 1. CAT509. March 2002 WS11-15 . Workshop 11. 2. sag and type as shown. Mesh globally and locally 1 2 Mesh the outer cylinder.Step 5. Locally mesh with size and sag as shown on the inside surface. Globally mesh with size.

March 2002 WS11-16 . Globally mesh with size.Step 5. sag and type as shown. Steps: 1. Workshop 11. Mesh globally and locally 1 Mesh the inner cylinder. CAT509.

Double Click the CylPressFit object in the features tree. 3. Mesh globally and locally 1 3 Steps: 1. 2. March 2002 WS11-17 . Update the assembly to bring everything back together. This takes you into the Assembly workbench.Step 5. 2 CAT509. Double click Finite Element Model object in the features tree to take us back to the Analysis workbench. Workshop 11.

F. March 2002 WS11-18 . then select OK. CAT509.). That’s all.Step 6. Select the Isostatic Restraint icon. Apply an isostatic restraint 1 Steps: 1. Workshop 11. The resulting boundary condition makes your system statically determinate. The program automatically chooses three points and restrains some of their degrees of freedom (in this case all 6 D.O.

CAT509. March 2002 WS11-19 . Compute All. Compute the initial analysis 1 Save all before computing.Step 7. Workshop 11. Should take about 7 minutes. Steps: 1.

March 2002 WS11-20 . Select on the Animate icon to verify expected deformations. 1 Display each mesh separately and in various combinations to get a better understanding of what the connections create. Workshop 11. 2. Select the Deformation icon.Step 8. Check global and local precision Visualize the Deformation and animate. 2 CAT509. Steps: 1.

Select the Precision icon. Select the Estimated local error object in the features tree. 2. Select on the information icon. Note the global estimated error rate is OK (recommend max 20%). 4. Search for maximum extrema and focus on it. Workshop 11. 3 1 4 2 CAT509.Step 8. Steps: 1. Check global and local precision Visualize the computation error map. March 2002 WS11-21 . 3.

In the interest of time let’s use these results. 3. 2 3 CAT509. Local error is marginal. Select the adaptivity box icon. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS11-22 . not below the recommended 10%. Workshop 11. Check global and local precision 1 Determine maximum local error %. Since the extrema is not any where near the press fit location just use the compass and green dots to locate and size box around area as shown.Step 8. 2.

CAT509. Find the Extrema. March 2002 WS11-23 .Step 9. Visualize final results 1 Visualize Von Mises stress field patterns. Workshop 11. Select the Stress Von Mises icon. Steps: 1. 2.

Step 9. March 2002 WS11-24 . Select the Principal stress icon. Steps: 1. 1 2 Image shown on next page. CAT509. 2. Workshop 11. Double click Stress principal tensor symbol object in the features tree and modify the filter and selections tabs as shown. Visualize final results Find hoop stress on the inner surface of the outer cylinder.

Step 9. CAT509. Use the curser to pin point the specific values. Visualize final results 1 Find hoop stress on the inner surface of the outer cylinder. Workshop 11. March 2002 WS11-25 . Steps: 1.

Step 9. March 2002 WS11-26 . 1 Image shown on next page. Double click Stress principal tensor symbol object in the features tree and modify the filter and selections tabs as shown. Workshop 11. CAT509.010 inch interference fit. Visualize final results Verify the contact pressure due to 0. Steps: 1.

CAT509. Workshop 11.010 inch interference fit. March 2002 WS11-27 . Visualize final results Verify the contact pressure due to 0.Step 9.

765 psi 74.900 – 76.03e-5 Btu global 104.010 interference NA NA NA NA 72. Visualize final results Conclusions CATIA V5 GSA workbench is validated for a press fit scenario. Workshop 11.300 psi CAT509.8 % 12.300 psi 46.Step 9.478 psi various Linear Global Mesh 12.7 % 1.000 – 47. March 2002 WS11-28 .478 psi 43. Hand Calculations Global % Precision error Local % Precision error Error Estimate Max Von Mises Stress Hoop Stress Pressure due to 0.

2. select OK. Highlight document you want to save. Select Save Management from the File menu. Workshop 11. March 2002 WS11-29 . 3.Step 10. Select Save As to specify name and path. Save the analysis document Steps: 1. 1 2 3 CAT509.

Workshop 11.CAT509. March 2002 WS11-30 .

March 2002 WS12-1 . Workshop 12.WORKSHOP 12 FLAT PLATE COLUMN BUCKLING CAT509.

CAT509. March 2002 WS12-2 . Workshop 12.

10.15e6 psi Poisson Ratio = . two long edges free. Workshop 12. March 2002 WS12-3 Free .346 Density = . t = Vertical Load.WORKSHOP 12 – FLAT PLATE COLUMN BUCKLING Problem Description Rectangular plate under uniform edge compression Two short edges simply supported.098 lb_in3 Yield Strength = 13778 psi Design requirements: Thickness.1 inch 100 lbs/in Simply supported CAT509. Find the critical load when buckling begins. w = 0. 000 p si Simply supported Free Material: Aluminum Modulus of elasticity = 10.

WORKSHOP 12 – FLAT PLATE COLUMN BUCKLING Hand calculations Critical load of a long slender column: Verify model by checking deflection using the standard formula for a simply supported beam at both ends with uniform load over the entire span using a pressure of 100 psi (3D). Workshop 12. 100 lbs/in (2D) 4. March 2002 WS12-4 .0 inch CAT509.

Mesh globally with parabolic elements. Create a new CATIA analysis document (. Check global and local precision (animate deformation. Setup static and buckling parameters. Insert a Buckling Case. Visualize final results. Workshop 12. 2. 8. 5. 7. 10. March 2002 WS12-5 . 4.WORKSHOP 12 – FLAT PLATE COLUMN BUCKLING Suggested Exercise Steps 1. Apply a force. Compute all (the static and buckling analysis). 6. 3. 9. CAT509. Save the analysis document. adaptive boxes and extremas). Create virtual parts and apply advanced restraints (simply supported).CATAnalysis).

3. CAT509. Create a new CATIA analysis document 3 4 1 2 Steps: 1. Launch the Generative Structural Analysis workbench for a Static Analysis case. Open the existing ws12columnPlateBuck . Apply aluminum material properties to the part as required.CATPart from the training directory.Step 1. Workshop 12. 2. Specify the Computations and Results storage locations as shown. 4. March 2002 WS12-6 .

which agrees with basic bending theory. Globally mesh as shown Thin gauge sheet problems are very sensitive to the mesh parameters.Step 2. Workshop 12. Mesh globally with parabolic elements 1 Steps: 1. CAT509. Parabolic elements are highly recommended for this because they are formulated with a parabolic displacement field within the element. March 2002 WS12-7 .

Workshop 12. select the upper face. Create virtual parts 1 Steps: 1. 2 CAT509. 2. Repeat the process to create a second rigid virtual part on the bottom face. March 2002 WS12-8 . select OK. Select the Rigid Virtual Part icon.Step 3.

select OK. Select Restrain Translation 1. Select the Advanced Restraint icon. Workshop 12. select virtual part 1 at the top of the plate 2. Apply advanced restraints 1 Steps: 1. 2 CAT509.Step 3. March 2002 WS12-9 .

Workshop 12. select OK. March 2002 WS12-10 . Apply advanced restraints 1 Steps: 1. Select the Advanced Restraint icon again. Restrain all directions except Rotation 2. 2 CAT509.Step 3. select virtual part 2 at the bottom of the plate 2.

Step 4. Workshop 12. Select the Surface Force Density icon and select the top face. Apply a force Apply force to the top face Steps: 1. 1 2 CAT509. March 2002 WS12-11 . Enter -10000 in the z direction and select OK. 2.

March 2002 WS12-12 . Rename the Static Case Solution.Step 5.1 to ColumnPlateSolution. 2. Workshop 12. Insert a Buckling Case 1 2 Steps: 1. 3 For clarity and organization it’s a good idea to start uniquely identifying cases. CAT509. Select ColumnPlateSolution from the features tree as your reference solution. From the menu select Insert then Buckling Case. 3.

Double click Buckling Case Solution in the features tree to verify parameters. March 2002 WS12-13 . Setup static and buckling parameters 1 Steps: 1. 2. CAT509. Click OK.Step 6. Workshop 12. Double click ColumnPlateSolution in the features tree to verify parameters. Click OK. 2 You should be aware of what calculation methods will be used.

Workshop 12. Compute all 1 Save first. CAT509. Compute all objects.Step 7. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS12-14 .

Create a deformed image and animate to verify your system deflects as expected. March 2002 WS12-15 . 1a 2a 2b 1b CAT509. Check Global precision (Estimated local error image can only be added to the Static ColumnPlateSolution). Check global and local precision Check Deformation.Step 8. and global precision. Steps: 1. Workshop 12. 2.

We have a precise model. Use the Search Image Extrema icon. Check global and local precision 2 Find the global element with the highest estimated error. Local precision is found using the adaptivity box icon. Workshop 12. our area of most concern. Steps: 1. Local error shows energy balanced in the plate center. 2. 1 CAT509. Find local precision. March 2002 WS12-16 .Step 8.

1 inch2) = 519 lbs. Make sure the Buckling Case is “Set As Current Case”. Right click Sensors in the features tree then select Create Sensor. March 2002 WS12-17 .000 psi) = 5190 psi Compare with hand calculations: Critical Load = (5190 psi)(0.Step 9.519)(10. Steps 1. 2 3 4 Critical Load = (. CAT509. Click to highlight bucklingfactors in the Sensor Creation window. Click OK. 4. 3. Visualize final results 1 Find the critical load when this plate will fail. Workshop 12. Hand calculations = 522 lbs. Double click this sensor “Buckling Factors” in the features tree. 2.

Workshop 12. Visualize final results 1 Add a different Static Case: Beam simply supported at both ends. 2.Step 9. Rename Simply Supported Beam. Steps 1. March 2002 WS12-18 . 3. 2 3 We are doing this to verify that the beam is deflecting properly. CAT509. uniform load over entire area. From the menu select Insert then Static Case. Select existing restraints to save setup time. Also introducing multiple load cases.

Compute all. 2. Use the surface force density icon. Visualize final results 2 1 Load 100 psi and compute. Select the face as shown. 3.Step 9. March 2002 WS12-19 . Steps 1. Workshop 12. 3 CAT509.

Workshop 12. Select the Displacement icon. Visualize final results 1 Compare hand calculation displacements. FEA = . Looks good. CAT509.394 in.398 in. Steps 1. Hand calc’s = .Step 9. March 2002 WS12-20 .

398 inch CAT509.01 inch sag 1.Step 9.1 inch Parabolic Global Mesh.44e-9 Btu global 519 lbs 0. Hand Calculations Global % Precision error Local % Precision error Error Estimate Critical Load Model verification using simply supported beam displacement NA NA NA 522 lbs 0. Visualize final results Conclusions CATIA V5 GSA workbench is validated for a flat plate column buckling scenario.58 % 0% 1. March 2002 WS12-21 .394 inch . . Workshop 12.

March 2002 WS12-22 .Step 10. Workshop 12. Save the analysis document Save your documents CAT509.

WORKSHOP 12… FLAT PLATE BUCKLING. March 2002 WS12-23 . FIXED TWO EDGES CANTILEVER PLATE LATERAL BUCKLING CAT509. Workshop 12. PINNED ALL FOUR EDGES FIXED ALL FOUR EDGES PINNED TWO EDGES.

March 2002 WS12-24 . Workshop 12.CAT509.

Workshop 13. March 2002 WS13-1 .WORKSHOP 13 BICYCLE FENDER SURFACE MESHING CAT509.

Workshop 13.CAT509. March 2002 WS13-2 .

Material: Bright Green Plastic Modulus of elasticity = 31.WORKSHOP 13 – BICYCLE FENDER Problem Description Assume you are speeding down a steep hill at 30 mph. t = 0.38 Density = . Determine the maximum stress and deflections.043 lb_in3 Design requirements: Thickness.9e4 psi Poisson Ratio = . March 2002 WS13-3 . w = 5 psi 5 psi CAT509.06 inch Wind Load. Workshop 13. This causes a wind load of 5 psi on the fender.

2. 11. Apply a clamp restraint. Workshop 13. 7. Visualize final results. 8. Check global precision (animate deformation and find extremas). 3. Add surface constraints. Refine mesh and re-compute. 13. 12. 14. Mesh the part. Check mesh quality and repair. Edit surface thickness. Impose surface nodes. 5. Start the Generative Structural Analysis workbench. CAT509. 9. Apply a pressure force. Specify global surface meshing parameters. 15. March 2002 WS13-4 . Compute all. 10.WORKSHOP 13 – BICYCLE FENDER Suggested Exercise Steps 1. 4. Save the analysis document. 6. Start the Advanced Meshing Tools workbench (static analysis).

March 2002 WS13-5 . Start the Advanced Meshing Tools workbench 2 Steps: 1. Workshop 13. Start a Static Analysis with the Advanced meshing tools workbench.Step 1.CATPart from the training directory. The material property does not show up in the FEM tree until you launch the GPS workbench. 1 Save your analysis. Apply plastic material properties to the fender part as required. CAT509. 2. Open the existing ws13fender.

Unspecified edges are displayed with a white color. Other mesh methods are available after this initial shape using the re-mesh a domain icon. Select the Surface Mesher icon. Workshop 13. Specify the mesh size as shown. 2. Select the part. Specify global surface mesh parameters 1 2 3 Steps: 1. select OK. 3. March 2002 WS13-6 . with element shape set to frontal quadrangle method. Free edges are displayed with a green color. CAT509.Step 2. Gaps would be displayed with a pink color.

2 Selecting it again will remove the constraint.Step 3. Add surface constraints 1 Add constraints. meaning the finite element edges will align along this constrained edge. This “constrains” the edges. 2. Select the Add/Remove Constraints icon. WS13-7 CAT509. March 2002 . Steps: 1. Select the four white unspecified edges. they should turn yellow. Workshop 13.

Step 4. March 2002 WS13-8 . Impose surface nodes 1 2 Impose node distributions around the mounting holes. Workshop 13. 2. Steps: 1. You can specify node distributions on constrained or free edges. Select all the hole free edges (one at a time) and impose 5 nodes on each ½ circle. Select the Imposed Nodes icon. CAT509.

Notice the modification Tools toolbar is now available and the quality visualization mode is automatically made current. Workshop 13. Select the Mesh The Part icon.Step 5. March 2002 . 2. Mesh the part 1 2 Steps: 1. The mesh is generated immediately. WS13-9 CAT509.

3. Select the Quality Analysis icon. 1 3 2 CAT509. 2. For this model. searching for the 10 worst elements should find them all. Workshop 13. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS13-10 . Check mesh quality and repair Check the quality of the finite elements by searching for all the worst elements. Cycle through the top 10 by selecting AutoFocus on element and Next.Step 6. Select the Worst elements browser.

Select the boundary edges as shown (separately). Select the Imposed Nodes icon. Workshop 13. Steps: 1. The left side looks good. more work is need on the right side. CAT509. 2.2 inch.Step 6. Check mesh quality and repair 2 1 Fix the worst elements using node distribution. March 2002 WS13-11 . select OK. key in 0.

Step 6. 2. select OK. Select the Re-Mesh a Domain icon. 2 3 CAT509. Notice the Mesh methods that are available to you here. Check mesh quality and repair 1 Use another tool for fixing finite elements. March 2002 WS13-12 . Do the same for the opposite side. Re-Mesh a Domain Steps: 1. Workshop 13. Select the Domain as shown. change the mesh method to Front trias. 3.

Manually Edit mesh Steps: 1. 2. Check mesh quality and repair 2 Another tool for fixing bad finite elements. March 2002 WS13-13 . After Before 1 3 CAT509.Step 6. Select the Edit Mesh icon. Hold the cursor on the node until the symbol changes as shown and drag down slowly until the element turns green. 3. just left click. Right clicking on element edges brings up this contextual menu. Workshop 13. turn off all the options. You really do not need the contextual menu when you see the condense or insert symbol.

Edit all elements until you have all green.). Use the Element quality browser to focus in on others. Check mesh quality and repair 1 Before Step One Manually Edit mesh (cont. 2. Steps: 1. Workshop 13. 2 Step Two After CAT509. March 2002 WS13-14 .Step 6.

Start the GSA workbench 1 Save your analysis first. March 2002 WS13-15 .Step 7. Launch the Generative Structural Analysis workbench. CAT509. Workshop 13. Steps: 1.

March 2002 WS13-16 . 2. select OK.06in) by double clicking Material Property2D.1 in the features tree. Edit the surface thickness (0.Step 8. Edit surface thickness 1 2 Steps: 1. Workshop 13. Set up all your external storage names and locations as usual. CAT509.

Step 9. Apply a clamp restraint to all the mounting holes. Apply a clamp restraint 1 Steps: 1. Workshop 13. CAT509. March 2002 WS13-17 .

Select the Pressure icon and the outside face as shown. CAT509. key in -5psi. March 2002 WS13-18 . Apply a pressure force 1 Assume the pressure is from the inside out. Steps: 1.Step 10. Workshop 13.

Compute All. Workshop 13. Compute all 1 Save first. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS13-19 .Step 11. CAT509.

and global precision. Create a deformed image and animate to verify your part deflects as expected.Step 12. Steps: 1. Recommend 20% or less. Workshop 13. Check global precision 1a Check Deformation. March 2002 . 2. Check Global precision. WS13-20 2a 2b 1b CAT509.

Check global precision Find the global element with the highest estimated error. 1 CAT509. Note: local precision and the adaptivity box are not available for surface FEM. Workshop 13.Step 12. March 2002 WS13-21 . Use the Search Image Extrema icon. Steps: 1.

2. Refine mesh and re-compute 1 3 2 Refine the global surface mesh. Steps: 1. Workshop 13. CAT509.Step 13. Select the Global Meshing Properties icon. edit as shown. March 2002 WS13-22 . then select Yes. Launch the Advanced Meshing Tools workbench. 3. Double click Smart surface Mesh.1 in the features tree.

select OK. Then go back to the GSA workbench. Workshop 13. March 2002 WS13-23 .Step 13. CAT509. Select the Mesh The Part icon.) Steps: 1. Refine mesh and re-compute 1 Refine the global surface mesh (cont.

Visualize final results 2 1 Save first. below 20%. Good. Find the Estimated Global error again. Steps 1. 2. Workshop 13. March 2002 WS13-24 . CAT509.Step 14. Compute All.

Visualize final results 1 Find the maximum deflection. CAT509. March 2002 WS13-25 . Workshop 13. Select the displacement icon.Step 14. Steps 1.

Step 14. Select the Von Mises icon. Visualize final results 1 Find the maximum Von Mises Stress. Steps 1. March 2002 WS13-26 . CAT509. Workshop 13.

7e-6 Btu 19.700 psi 0. Workshop 13. March 2002 WS13-27 .598 inch CAT509.Step 14. Global % Precision error Error Estimate Von Mises Stress Maximum Displacement 16.4% 8. Visualize final results Conclusions This fender requires stiffening in the mounting hole areas.

Save the analysis document Save your documents CAT509. Workshop 13.Step 15. March 2002 WS13-28 .

WORKSHOP 14 KNOWLEDGEWARE CAT509. March 2002 WS14-1 . Workshop 14.

March 2002 WS14-2 . Workshop 14.CAT509.

An initial static analysis of the Foot Peg has been completed (Workshop 2). The design must not exceed the material yield strength under loading and it must not deform in a manner causing interference with other parts of the vehicle. CAT509. Workshop 14. we need to activate CATIA Knowledgeware capabilities to provide immediate feedback on the critical analysis parameters. To assist in our design iterations. March 2002 WS14-3 .WORKSHOP 14 Problem Description The preliminary design of the ATV Foot Peg must be completed as soon as possible and must meet the given structural requirements.

Compute the analysis for the modified design.WORKSHOP 14 Suggested Exercise Steps 1. Open the existing document for the Foot Peg static analysis. View results. March 2002 WS14-4 . 3. 5. CAT509. Workshop 14. 7. Create analysis sensors for maximum displacement and maximum stress. Modify the Foot Peg design to meet requirements. Create a knowledge check for maximum stress. 2. Create a knowledge rule for maximum displacement. 4. 6.

Steps: 1. March 2002 WS14-5 . Workshop 14. 3. 2. Open the analysis document Open the Foot Peg static analysis document from the training directory. Access the class workshop directory using the typical Windows interface. CAT509. Open the ws14footpegstatic.Step 1. 1 2 3 The document is opened in the GSA workbench.CA TAnalysis document by double-clicking. Select File and Open… from the top pull-down menu.

displacement) in the sensor creation window. March 2002 WS14-6 . 4. Repeat steps 1-4 to create the misesmax sensor (max. 3. Create analysis sensors Analysis sensors must be created to provide results information to the Knowledgeware application.Step 2. Highlight dispmax (max. Click on Create Sensor in the menu. 1 5 3 4 2 CAT509.1 in the specification tree. Workshop 14. Steps: 1. 2. Right mouse click on Sensors. Von Mises stress). 5. Click OK. Create a sensor for maximum displacement and for maximum stress.

CAT509.Step 2. 2. Create analysis sensors The sensors branch in the specification tree must be expanded to view the newly created sensors. Workshop 14. March 2002 WS14-7 . It measures global strain energy of the structure. Default Energy sensor 1 “dispmax” sensor 2 “misesmax” sensor The Energy sensor is automatically created with every analysis document. Click the plus (+) symbol on the branch node to expand the sensors branch. Expanded branch shows all sensors. Steps: 1.

March 2002 WS14-8 . Select Options from the Tools menu. Compute to update the analysis results (see Section 3).Step 3. 1 2 4 Update the analysis solution if needed. 3. Check for “update needed” symbol on the Static Case Solution. Symbols shows update needed CAT509. Steps: 1. Create knowledge rule 3 Activate the ability to view knowledge rules and checks in the analysis specification tree. 4. 2. Workshop 14. Activate both boxes to show parameters and relations. Steps: 1. Select General tab. Select Analysis & Simulation branch.1 2.

Create knowledge rule 1 Now create a rule that will monitor maximum displacement of the Foot Peg and provide pop-up messaging on the screen. Select Start from the top pull-down menu. Drag the cursor and click the Knowledge Advisor workbench under Infrastructure. March 2002 WS14-9 . 2. 2 CAT509. Steps: 1. Workshop 14. Rules are created using the CATIA Knowledge Advisor.Step 3.

4. Workshop 14. March 2002 WS14-10 . 3 1 4 5 6 Rule definition entered here Dictionary categories to assist in defining rules CAT509. 2. Create knowledge rule 2 The Knowledge Advisor workbench should now be active . 6. Click OK.Step 3. The rule will be saved under the Relations category – do not modify. Key in a description for the rule or accept the default. Click the Rule icon from the Knowledge Advisor workbench. 5. Rule Editor window displays the active rule (Displacement Max). Key “Displacement Max” as the name of the rule. 3. Steps: 1.

7. 5. The current value is shown (. 4. Select Keywords in the Dictionary window. displacement value is added. March 2002 WS14-11 . Click to place the cursor at the end of the 1st line and then hit the Enter key to start a new line. Double-click on “if” to begin the line. Single-click the Max Displacement sensor in the tree to list its parameters in the Members of All area. Create knowledge rule 1st line: Rule description 1 2 3 Define the rule. 4 5 6 7 CAT509. Workshop 14. The parameter for the max. 6.Step 3. 2. Steps: 1. Double-click on ‘Maximum displacement Value’ to add it to the definition. 3.011 in).

Click OK to dismiss the message. Workshop 14. Steps: 8. 11.). Dictionary selection can be used for Keywords. Messages. Note: The current max. etc.Step 3. Operators. displacement value exceeds our defined rule value of . 8 9 Rule created 10 11 CAT509. March 2002 WS14-12 . 9. The message suggests a design modification is required. Create knowledge rule Define the rule (cont. If successful.009 in. 10. the rule message will be displayed. Key in the remainder of the rule definition as shown. Click OK when finished.

March 2002 WS14-13 . Steps: 1. Key “Von Mises Max” as the name of the check. 6. 4. 2 3 4 5 6 1 CAT509. The check will be saved under the Relations category – do not modify. 2. Workshop 14. Key in a description for the check or accept the default.Step 4. Create knowledge check Create a check that will monitor maximum Von Mises stress on the Foot Peg so that our design does not exceed the material yield strength. Check Editor window is displayed. 5. Click the Check icon from the Knowledge Advisor workbench. Click OK. 3.

Steps: 1. Von Mises value is added and the current value is shown (3484. March 2002 WS14-14 . Enter the less than symbol (<) as shown.577 psi). 6. 4. Double-click on ‘Maximum Von Mises Value’ to add it to the definition. The parameter for the max. Select Warning as the check type. Single-click the Max Von Mises sensor in the tree to list its associated parameters. 3.Step 4. 2. 7. Create knowledge check Define the check. Place the cursor at the end of the 1st line and then hit the Enter key to start a new line. 1 1st line: Rule description 3 2 5 4 7 6 CAT509. 5. Key warning message as shown. Workshop 14.

Single-click the Foot Peg to list associated parameters. Click Pressure to display parameters including material yield strength. Von Mises stress is below the material yield strength for Aluminum. Click OK when finished. 11.). Steps: 8. 9. 10. 12. Scroll to locate Pressure in Members of Parameters area. March 2002 WS14-15 .Step 4. 8 10 9 11 12 Check created and shows green light (check not violated) 13 CAT509. Note: The check is showing green which means the max. Double-click on ‘Aluminum…Yield Strength’ to add to the definition. 13. Workshop 14. Expand the tree to view the Foot Peg. Create knowledge check Define check (cont.

Modify Foot Peg design 2 The knowledgeware results indicate the maximum Von Mises stress is acceptable. Expand the PartBody branch to show solid features. Steps: 1. 3.Step 5. Workshop 14. Double-click the PartBody in the tree to switch to the Part Design workbench. March 2002 WS14-16 . 1 3 CAT509. however the maximum displacement of the Foot Peg is too large. Part Design is now the active workbench. Let’s modify the Foot Peg design as suggested by the knowledge rule to reduce maximum displacement. 2.

5. March 2002 WS14-17 3 4 .Step 5. 3. Double-click the parameter Offset. 4. Modify Foot Peg design Now in Part Design.19 to modify its value. Double-click Pad. reduce the length of the Foot Peg by modifying the corresponding solid feature. Pad Definition window is displayed. Click OK. Click OK in the Pad Definition window. Workshop 14. Change the value to 7 inches as shown in the Constraint Definition window.1 in the tree to modify. 2 1 2 5 The length of the Foot Peg is reduced to 7 inches. 2. Steps: 1. CAT509.

3. 4.1) in the tree to modify. Arrow shows 1st direction 2 1 3 5 4 CAT509. Key in a new spacing for the First Direction of 2. it is apparent that the outer edge is too thin. Click OK to accept. The cutouts are now positioned closer together. March 2002 WS14-18 . 5.5 inches. Steps: 1. Double-click the feature pattern (RectPattern. Modify the spacing between the top face cutouts. Modify Foot Peg design Preview of modified spacing After making the change. Workshop 14. Select the First Direction tab. 2.Step 5. Click the Preview button to view change.

CAT509. our analysis conditions have changed as well. Workshop 14. Specify that All parameters should be used in the calculation. Return to the GSA workbench by doubleclicking the Finite Element Model branch in the tree. 1 Symbol showing analysis case not updated 2 3 4 3.Step 6. Steps: 1. Click OK. Compute analysis Now that the Foot Peg design has changed. 4. 2. The analysis must be computed again. Select the Compute icon. March 2002 WS14-19 .

3. Von Mises stress is green indicating the value is less than the material yield strength. 1 3 Max. A message generated from the knowledge rule pops onto the screen after the computation is complete. 2. In this case our design modifications are successful. The check for max. displacement is now acceptable 2 CAT509. Workshop 14.Step 7. Steps: 1. March 2002 WS14-20 . View results Immediately after computing the analysis solution we can verify our rule and check. The value of each sensor can be seen by double-clicking on the sensor in the tree.

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