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What is External Static Pressure of a Fan

# What is External Static Pressure of a Fan

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12/30/2012

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# What is external static pressure of a fan?

Answer: It is the pressure that the fan has to overcome due to ducts and fitting losses to give the required space ventilation and cooling requirements at least equal to the designed flow. It is a fucntion of the length, equivalent diameter, velocity, frictional losses (Tables) and density of the media flowing commonly air. A manometer of liquid filled gage (DWYER) is used to measure it. Fan manufacturers also rate the fans static pressure minimum requirements that the fan will operate normally.ESP is the static pressure created downstream of the air handling unit that the fan must overcome- this includes duct friction losses, room static pressures, etc. This could included a negative static pressure on the pull side of the fan and a positive pressure on the push side, or any combination of pressures the fan must overcome. ESP is different from total static pressure in that TSP adds the pressure losses of all internal units such as filter banks, heating coils and dampers to the ESP value to give you the total pressure the fan/s must overcome.
What is static pressure?

Answer: The static head the distance to the point of application or the height the pump has to overcome for liquids. For air likewise is almost the same except that it is ducted, refer to Moody chart.The pressure exerted by a still liquid or gas, especially water or air.
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Difference between static pressure and dynamic pressure?

Answer: The main difference of static pressure and dynamic pressure is:Improve

static pressure is exerted by fluid at rest but dynamic pressure is pressure exerted by fluid in motion.
What exactly meaning of a fan coil unit's static pressure?

Fan coil units don't have inherent static pressures, but it has to overcome the static pressures when it will be ducted to a system. Static pressure and pressure losses however can be determined accordingly in ducts. The designer sizes up the ducts to overcomes this losses and give the fan's output to the point of application sizing the duct to overcome frictional losses as much as it could to meet the space requirements cooling load. This value is the amount of resistance the fan will be able to overcome within the system it is ducted to and still be able to provide the designed air flow. For example if your fan coil unit is ducted on the supply side and the total frictional resistance of the ductwork and diffuser is below that of the fan coil units static pressure you won't have a problem. If on the other hand, the frictional resistance is greater, you won't see the design air flow at the diffuser. In general you can calculate a system's resistance with the following rules of thumb: 0.1"/100ft of duct, 0.1" per elbow, 0.1" at the diffuser. The fan will probably rated between 0.3" & 0.7" of water gauge.

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