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The Samuel L. Jackson Handbook - Everything you need to know about Samuel L. Jackson

The Samuel L. Jackson Handbook - Everything you need to know about Samuel L. Jackson

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an American film and television actor and film producer. After Jackson became involved with the Civil Rights Movement, he moved on to acting in theater at Morehouse College, and then films. He had several small roles such as in the film Goodfellas, before meeting his mentor, Morgan Freeman, and the director Spike Lee. After gaining critical acclaim for his role in Jungle Fever in 1991, he appeared in films such as Patriot Games, Amos & Andrew, True Romance and Jurassic Park. In 1994 he was cast as Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction, and his performance received several award nominations and critical acclaim.

Jackson has since appeared in over 100 films including Die Hard with a Vengeance, The 51st State, Jackie Brown, Unbreakable, The Incredibles, Black Snake Moan, Shaft, Snakes on a Plane, as well as the Star Wars prequel trilogy and small roles in Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill Vol. 2 and Inglourious Basterds. He played Nick Fury in Iron Man and Iron Man 2, the first two of a nine-film commitment as the character for the Marvel Cinematic Universe franchise. Jackson's many roles have made him one of the highest grossing actors at the box office. Jackson has won multiple awards throughout his career and has been portrayed in various forms of media including films, television series, and songs. In 1980, Jackson married LaTanya Richardson, with whom he has one daughter, Zoe.

This book is your ultimate resource for Samuel L. Jackson. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Samuel L. Jackson filmography, The Other Guys, Iron Man 2, Unthinkable, Mother and Child (film), Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey, Inglourious Basterds, Astro Boy (film), The Spirit (film), Soul Men, Lakeview Terrace, Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film), Iron Man (film), Jumper (film), Cleaner (film), Resurrecting the Champ, 1408 (film), Black Snake Moan (film), Farce of the Penguins, Home of the Brave (2006 film), Snakes on a Plane, Freedomland (film), The Man (film), Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, XXx: State of the Union, Coach Carter, The N-Word, Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, In My Country, The Incredibles, Kill Bill Vol. 2, Twisted (2004 film), No Good Deed, S.W.A.T. (film), Basic (film), The 51st State, XXx, Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, Changing Lanes, The Caveman's Valentine, Unbreakable (film), Shaft (2000 film), Rules of Engagement (film), Deep Blue Sea, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Jackie Brown (film), Pulp Fiction (film), Together for Days

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an American film and television actor and film producer. After Jackson became involved with the Civil Rights Movement, he moved on to acting in theater at Morehouse College, and then films. He had several small roles such as in the film Goodfellas, before meeting his mentor, Morgan Freeman, and the director Spike Lee. After gaining critical acclaim for his role in Jungle Fever in 1991, he appeared in films such as Patriot Games, Amos & Andrew, True Romance and Jurassic Park. In 1994 he was cast as Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction, and his performance received several award nominations and critical acclaim.

Jackson has since appeared in over 100 films including Die Hard with a Vengeance, The 51st State, Jackie Brown, Unbreakable, The Incredibles, Black Snake Moan, Shaft, Snakes on a Plane, as well as the Star Wars prequel trilogy and small roles in Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill Vol. 2 and Inglourious Basterds. He played Nick Fury in Iron Man and Iron Man 2, the first two of a nine-film commitment as the character for the Marvel Cinematic Universe franchise. Jackson's many roles have made him one of the highest grossing actors at the box office. Jackson has won multiple awards throughout his career and has been portrayed in various forms of media including films, television series, and songs. In 1980, Jackson married LaTanya Richardson, with whom he has one daughter, Zoe.

This book is your ultimate resource for Samuel L. Jackson. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Samuel L. Jackson filmography, The Other Guys, Iron Man 2, Unthinkable, Mother and Child (film), Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey, Inglourious Basterds, Astro Boy (film), The Spirit (film), Soul Men, Lakeview Terrace, Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film), Iron Man (film), Jumper (film), Cleaner (film), Resurrecting the Champ, 1408 (film), Black Snake Moan (film), Farce of the Penguins, Home of the Brave (2006 film), Snakes on a Plane, Freedomland (film), The Man (film), Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, XXx: State of the Union, Coach Carter, The N-Word, Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, In My Country, The Incredibles, Kill Bill Vol. 2, Twisted (2004 film), No Good Deed, S.W.A.T. (film), Basic (film), The 51st State, XXx, Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, Changing Lanes, The Caveman's Valentine, Unbreakable (film), Shaft (2000 film), Rules of Engagement (film), Deep Blue Sea, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Jackie Brown (film), Pulp Fiction (film), Together for Days

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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Published by: Emereo Publishing on Jun 01, 2011
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  • Samuel L. Jackson filmography
  • The Other Guys
  • Iron Man 2
  • Unthinkable
  • Mother and Child (film)
  • Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey
  • Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey
  • Inglourious Basterds
  • Astro Boy (film)
  • The Spirit (film)
  • Soul Men
  • Lakeview Terrace
  • Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)
  • Iron Man (film)
  • Jumper (film)
  • Cleaner (film)
  • Resurrecting the Champ
  • 1408 (film)
  • Black Snake Moan (film)
  • Farce of the Penguins
  • Home of the Brave (2006 film)
  • Snakes on a Plane
  • Freedomland (film)
  • The Man (film)
  • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith
  • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith
  • xXx: State of the Union
  • Coach Carter
  • The N-Word
  • Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson
  • In My Country
  • The Incredibles
  • Kill Bill Vol. 2
  • Twisted (2004 film)
  • No Good Deed
  • S.W.A.T. (film)
  • Basic (film)
  • The 51st State
  • xXx
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones
  • Changing Lanes
  • The Caveman's Valentine
  • Unbreakable (film)
  • Shaft (2000 film)
  • Rules of Engagement (film)
  • Deep Blue Sea
  • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace
  • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace
  • Jackie Brown (film)
  • Pulp Fiction (film)
  • Together for Days
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an American film and television actor and film producer.

After Jackson became involved with the Civil Rights Movement, he moved on to acting in theater at Morehouse College, and then films. He had several small roles such as in the film Goodfellas, before meeting his mentor, Morgan Freeman, and the director Spike Lee. After gaining critical acclaim for his role in Jungle Fever in 1991, he appeared in films such as Patriot Games, Amos & Andrew, True Romance and Jurassic Park. In 1994 he was cast as Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction, and his performance received several award nominations and critical acclaim. Jackson has since appeared in over 100 films including Die Hard with a Vengeance, The 51st State, Jackie Brown, Unbreakable, The Incredibles, Black Snake Moan, Shaft, Snakes on a Plane, as well as the Star Wars prequel trilogy and small roles in Quentin Tarantino’s Kill Bill Vol. 2 and Inglourious Basterds. He played Nick Fury in Iron Man and Iron Man 2, the first two of a nine-film commitment as the character for the Marvel Cinematic Universe franchise. Jackson’s many roles have made him one of the highest grossing actors at the box office. Jackson has won multiple awards throughout his career and has been portrayed in various forms of media including films, television series, and songs. In 1980, Jackson married LaTanya Richardson, with whom he has one daughter, Zoe. This book is your ultimate resource for Samuel L. Jackson. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Samuel L. Jackson filmography, The Other Guys, Iron Man 2, Unthinkable, Mother and Child (film), Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey, Inglourious Basterds, Astro Boy (film), The Spirit (film), Soul Men, Lakeview Terrace, Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film), Iron Man (film), Jumper (film), Cleaner (film), Resurrecting the Champ, 1408 (film), Black Snake Moan (film), Farce of the Penguins, Home of the Brave (2006 film), Snakes on a Plane, Freedomland (film), The Man (film), Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, XXx: State of the Union, Coach Carter, The N-Word, Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, In My Country, The Incredibles, Kill Bill Vol. 2, Twisted (2004 film), No Good Deed, S.W.A.T. (film), Basic (film), The 51st State, XXx, Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, Changing Lanes, The Caveman’s Valentine, Unbreakable (film), Shaft (2000 film), Rules of Engagement (film), Deep Blue Sea, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Jackie Brown (film), Pulp Fiction (film), Together for Days Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

Everything you need to know about Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson


Samuel L. Jackson

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Samuel L. Jackson Samuel L. Jackson filmography The Other Guys Iron Man 2 Unthinkable Mother and Child (film) Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey Inglourious Basterds Astro Boy (film) The Spirit (film) Soul Men Lakeview Terrace Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film) Iron Man (film) Jumper (film) Cleaner (film) Resurrecting the Champ 1408 (film) Black Snake Moan (film) Farce of the Penguins Home of the Brave (2006 film) Snakes on a Plane Freedomland (film) The Man (film) Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith xXx: State of the Union Coach Carter The N-Word Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson In My Country The Incredibles Kill Bill Vol. 2 Twisted (2004 film) No Good Deed 1 12 23 27 40 43 46 54 66 72 80 83 88 98 111 121 124 127 131 138 140 143 153 156 160 174 178 183 185 186 188 196 207 210

S.W. (film) Basic (film) The 51st State xXx Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Changing Lanes The Caveman's Valentine Unbreakable (film) Shaft (2000 film) Rules of Engagement (film) Deep Blue Sea Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Jackie Brown (film) Pulp Fiction (film) Together for Days 214 219 225 229 235 245 248 250 256 259 263 266 282 286 311 References Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources.A. Licenses and Contributors 312 323 Article Licenses License 325 .T.

The 51st State. with whom he has one daughter. The Incredibles. United States Actor. Black Snake Moan.C. Jackson married LaTanya Richardson. 1948Washington. Morgan Freeman. Snakes on a Plane. Jackson Samuel L. Amos & Andrew.samuelljackson. he moved on to acting in theater at Morehouse College.com [1] Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21. Unbreakable. the first two of a nine-film commitment as the character for the Marvel Cinematic Universe franchise. Shaft. 2 and Inglourious Basterds. . Jackson has since appeared in over 100 films including Die Hard with a Vengeance. Jackson Jackson at the 2008 San Diego Comic-Con Born Occupation Samuel Leroy JacksonDecember 21. True Romance and Jurassic Park. He played Nick Fury in Iron Man and Iron Man 2. and his performance received several award nominations and critical acclaim. 1980–present) Website www. In 1994 he was cast as Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction. producer Years active 1972–present Spouse LaTanya Richardson (m. After Jackson became involved with the Civil Rights Movement.. 1948) is an American film and television actor and film producer. before meeting his mentor. as well as the Star Wars prequel trilogy and small roles in Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill Vol. he appeared in films such as Patriot Games. Jackie Brown.Samuel L. In 1980. and songs. D. and then films. After gaining critical acclaim for his role in Jungle Fever in 1991. Jackson 1 Samuel L. Zoe. He had several small roles such as in the film Goodfellas. and the director Spike Lee. Jackson's many roles have made him one of the highest grossing actors at the box office. television series. Jackson has won multiple awards throughout his career and has been portrayed in various forms of media including films.

Elizabeth Jackson (née Montgomery). Sr. he co-founded the "Just Us Theatre".) hostage on the campus. Jackson proceeded to move from Atlanta to New York City in 1976 and spent the next decade appearing in stage plays such as The Piano Lesson and Two Trains Running.[3] [5] Jackson attended several segregated schools[6] and graduated from Riverside High School in Chattanooga. D.[11] Jackson then flew to Memphis to join an equal rights protest march.[3] He appeared in several television films. Right now. not peaceful coexistence.[15] "I would like to think because of the things I did.[7] Jackson began acting in multiple plays. but I wasn’t shocked by it. he attended Morehouse College in Atlanta. including Home and A Soldier's Play. before Jackson could become involved with any significant armed confrontation. Missouri and later died from alcoholism. Denzel gets the offer first. Between the third and twelfth grades. Tennessee with his mother. Georgia.[7] Initially intent on pursuing a degree in marine biology. In a Parade interview Jackson revealed: "I was angry about the assassination.Samuel L. She barely has a recognition that she's black. Then it's Danny Glover." —Jackson reacting to his new fame in 1993. a second-degree felony. which both premiered at the Yale Repertory Theater.[13] The college eventually agreed to change its policy.[9] Before graduating in 1972.[17] After these initial roles.[3] [4] His father lived away from the family in Kansas City.[14] Jackson was then suspended for two years for his criminal record and his actions (although he would later return to the college to earn his Bachelor of Arts in Drama in 1972). Forest Whitaker and Wesley Snipes. Jackson and several other students held members of the Morehouse College board of trustees (including a nearby Martin Luther King.[16] Jackson decided to return to Atlanta.C. and made his feature film debut in the blaxploitation independent film Together for Days (1972).[12] Acting career 1970s–1980s "Casting black actors is still strange for Hollywood. Jackson attended the funeral in Atlanta as one of the ushers. H. Jackson had only met his father twice during his life. Jackson 2 Early life Jackson was born in Washington. I'm the next one on the list..[3] [10] Civil Rights Movement involvement After the 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King. resulting in him being unable to proceed with the two plays as they continued to Broadway (actors Charles S. Jackson found an interest in acting and switched his major. Jackson developed alcoholism and cocaine addictions.[12] Jackson revealed in the same Parade interview that he began to feel empowered with his involvement in the movement. his mother sent him to Los Angeles after the FBI told her that he would die within a year if he remained with the Black Power movement. especially when the group began buying guns. where he met with Stokely Carmichael."[12] In 1969.[8] After joining a local acting group to earn extra points in a class. who was a factory worker and later a supplies buyer for a mental institution.[2] He grew up as an only child in Chattanooga. I knew that change was going to take something different — not sit-ins. [6] While he was expelled. he played the French horn and trumpet in the school orchestra." —Jackson reflecting on his actions during the Civil Rights Movement.[12] However.[16] [18] At this point in his early career. Jackson was employed as a social worker in Los Angeles. Rap Brown. Dutton and Anthony . and others active in the Black Power movement. Jr. demanding reform in the school's curriculum and governance. but Jackson was charged with and eventually convicted of unlawful confinement. my daughter can do the things that she does. [16] Jackson initially majored in marine biology at Morehouse College before switching to architecture. and his maternal grandparents and extended family. He later settled on drama after taking a public speaking class and appearing in a version of The Threepenny Opera.

where he depicted a father who is put on trial for killing two men who raped his daughter. Jackson earned a NAACP Image for Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture and a Golden Globe nomination for a Best Supporting Actor. he worked with other established actors such as Sharon Stone and Dustin Hoffman in Sphere and Kevin Spacey in The Negotiator. By the time I was out of rehab. Jackson."[34] With a succession of poor-performing films such as Kiss of Death. thankful.[15] Throughout his early film career. and Losing Isaiah. and Keitel are. Jackson's drug addiction had worsened. Jackson was surprised to learn that the part had been specifically written for him. Jackson became involved with multiple films.[38] He received an Independent Spirit award for Best First Feature alongside first-time writer/director Kasi Lemmons in the drama Eve's Bayou. This ended with his involvement in the two successful box office films A Time To Kill. for which he also served as executive producer. In a review by Entertainment Weekly. appearing in Jurassic Park. Jackson received a Golden Globe nomination and a BAFTA Best Supporting Actor award win.[5] [24] After this role. I was overwhelmed. mainly in minimal roles in films such as Coming to America and various television films. the role made him internationally recognized and he received praise from critics.[21] After seeing the effects of his addiction. "To know that somebody had written something like Jules for me. playing a hostage negotiator who resorts to taking hostages himself when he is falsely accused of murder and embezzlement. Jackson was mentored by Morgan Freeman."[29] For the Academy Awards.[25] [26] Jackson then worked with director Steven Spielberg. dramas Juice and Patriot Games. In 187 he played a dedicated teacher striving to leave an impact on his students. and then moved on to two other comedies: National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1 (his first starring role) and Amos & Andrew. After previously overdosing on heroin several times. a role which Jackson called cathartic as he was recovering from his addiction.Samuel L. Jackson was introduced to director Spike Lee who would later include him in small roles for the films School Daze (1988) and Do the Right Thing (1989). Jackson starred in the horror film Deep . Jackson Chisholm took his place). "It was a funny kind of thing. Jackson continued with three starring roles in 1997. his family entered him into a New York rehab clinic. Jackson received multiple scripts to play his next role: "I could easily have made a career out of playing Jules over the years.[7] [22] When he successfully completed rehab.[7] After a 1981 performance in the play A Soldier's Play. Jackson gave up the drug in favor of cocaine. including the comedy Strictly Business.[39] He joined up again with director Quentin Tarantino and received a Berlin Film Festival Silver Bear for Best Actor and a fourth Golden Globe nomination for his portrayal of arms merchant Ordell Robbie in Jackie Brown.[3] [19] He also played a minor role in the 1990 Martin Scorsese film Goodfellas as real-life Mafia associate Stacks Edwards and also worked as a stand-in on The Cosby Show for Bill Cosby. Willis.[35] [36] For A Time to Kill. Jackson received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In addition. and Die Hard with a Vengeance.[13] [20] 3 1990s While completing these films. arrogant — this whole combination of things that you could be. Miramax Films pushed for the supporting actor nomination for Jackson (although he had about the same screen time as Travolta. starring alongside Bruce Willis in the third installment of the Die Hard series.[30] For his performance.[40] In 1998. about a week or so later I was on set and we were ready to start shooting.[3] Jackson commented on the transition. Everybody's always sending me the script they think is the new Pulp Fiction. the actor who reigns over Pulp Fiction is Samuel L. Jackson appeared in Jungle Fever."[23] The film was so acclaimed that the 1991 Cannes Film Festival created a special "Supporting Actor" award just for him. as a crack cocaine addict. He just about lights fires with his gremlin eyes and he transforms his speeches into hypnotic bebop soliloquies. Jackson began to receive poor reviews from critics who had praised his performance in Pulp Fiction.[41] [42] In 1999."[28] Although Pulp Fiction was Jackson's thirtieth film. who was nominated for best actor). Tarantino contacted Jackson for the role of Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction.[27] After a turn as the criminal Big Don in the 1993 Tarantino-penned True Romance directed by Tony Scott.[31] [32] [33] After Pulp Fiction. knowing that somebody's going to give you an opportunity like that. his role was commended: "As superb as Travolta.[37] Quickly becoming a box office star. The Great White Hype.

entitled Sammy L. Jackson was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame which can be found at 7018 Hollywood Blvd. in 2004 Jackson starred in both his lowest and highest ranked films in his career.[57] Jackson also appeared in HBO's documentary Unchained Memories.[51] [52] Jackson then acted as a NSA agent alongside Vin Diesel in xXx and a kilt-wearing drug dealer in The 51st State. just for the chance to be a part of the Star Wars saga). with reviewers calling his performance "lackluster" and "wasted". Jackson Blue Sea. and as Jedi Master Mace Windu in George Lucas' Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace.A. The film was directed by Kasi Lemmons.[50] In 2002.[43] [44] In an interview. 2005. Jackson again worked with John Travolta in Basic and then as a police sergeant alongside Colin Farrell in the television show remake S.[53] [54] In 2003.T. Jackson claimed that he did not have a chance to read the script for the film and did not learn he was playing the character Mace Windu until he was fitted for his costume (he later said that he was eager to accept any role. this time commanding Ice Cube. as a narrator along many other stars like Angela Bassett and Whoopi Goldberg. where he played a coach (based on the actual coach Ken Carter) dedicated to teaching his players that education is more important than basketball.[67] Although the film received mixed reviews. Kill Bill.[71] [72] His last film for 2005 was The Man alongside comedian Eugene Levy.Samuel L. Jackson by Hot Action Cop. Mace Windu's purple lightsaber in the film was the result of Jackson's suggestion. and starred in the 2000 remake of the 1971 film Shaft. Jackson's handprints in front of The Great Movie Ride at Walt Disney World's Disney's Hollywood Studios theme park. Jackson played a mentor to Ashley Judd."[70] Jackson also returned for two sequels: XXX: State of the Union.[59] The film garnered a 2% approval rating on the website. who previously worked with Jackson in Eve's Bayou. He uses terminology such as paddy rollers (which can be seen on the slave patrol page) when reading his narration.[64] [65] He then went on to do a cameo in another Quentin Tarantino film. he began with the sports drama.[73] On November 4. and the final Star Wars prequel film. 2.[66] In 2005. Jackson at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival According to reviews gathered by Rotten Tomatoes. he . and Jackson's performance earned him an Annie Award nomination for Best Voice Acting. "He takes what could have been a cardboard cliche role and puts flesh on it with his flamboyant intelligence.[45] 4 2000s Film roles On June 13. Coach Carter. Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith. co-starred with Bruce Willis for a third time in the supernatural thriller Unbreakable.[58] In the thriller Twisted. Jackson's performance was praised despite the film's storyline. where he played a homeless musician in a murder thriller.[55] [56] A song within the soundtrack was named after him. Vol. seeing his minor supporting role develop into a major character.W.[63] The film received a 97% approval rating.[46] He began the next decade in his film career as a Marine colonel put on trial in Rules of Engagement.[47] [48] [49] Jackson's sole film in 2001 was The Caveman's Valentine.[60] [61] [62] He then lent his voice to the computer-animated film The Incredibles as the superhero Frozone. he played a recovering alcoholic attempting to keep custody of his kids while fighting a battle of wits with Ben Affleck's character in Changing Lanes. 2000.[3] He returned for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones.[3] he wanted to be sure that his character would stand out in a crowded battle scene.[68] [69] Bob Townsend of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution commended Jackson's performance.

On December 2. and the horror film 1408. These include Tupac Shakur (Juice). he is the seventh African American and 191st actor to be recognized in this manner. Busta Rhymes (Shaft). an adaptation of the Stephen King short story. 2006. Jackson has appeared in four films with actor Bruce Willis (National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1. Afro Samurai. and 2007). Snakes on a Plane. Ice Cube (xXx: State of the Union). which was poorly received by critics and the box office.T. a video game. LL Cool J (Deep Blue Sea/S. Jackson again portrayed a police officer in the opening scenes of the comedy The Other Guys. 2002.A.W.[80] In December 2006.[79] To build anticipation for the film. as a doctor returning home from the Iraq War. in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. he starred along with Bernie Mac and Isaac Hayes (who both died prior to the film's release) in Soul Men.[89] [90] In 2009.[76] [77] Jackson's second film of the year. Star Wars: The Clone Wars. David Banner (Black Snake Moan). he portrayed the villain in The Spirit. Die Hard with a Vengeance.Samuel L. he also cameoed in the 2006 music video Snakes on a Plane (Bring It) by Cobra Starship.[101] and the Spike TV Video Game Awards (2005.[86] [87] In November of the same year. Method Man (One Eight Seven).[96] [97] He guest-starred as himself in an episode of the BBC/HBO sitcom Extras. and Unbreakable) and the actors were slated to work together in Black Water Transit before both dropped out.[95] Television and other roles In addition to films.[103] For the Atlanta Falcons 2010 season. as well as an audiobook.[99] Jackson also hosted a variety of awards shows. Jackson also appeared in several television shows. he provided the voice of God for The Bible Experience. Thus far.[78] Jackson's decision to star in the film was solely based on the title. Officer Frank Tenpenny. he has hosted the MTV Movie Awards (1998). he starred in the drama Mother and Child and portrayed an interrogator who attempts to locate several nuclear weapons in the direct-to-video film Unthinkable. where he depicted a police detective attempting to help a mother find her abducted child while quelling a citywide race riot. Sultan in the Falcons "Rise Up" commercial to help improve tickets sales. 2006. in addition to a recurring part as the voice of Gin Rummy in several episodes of the animated series The Boondocks. Samuel L. and 50 Cent (Home of the Brave).[94] Additionally.[88] In 2008.[92] [93] Alongside Dwayne Johnson. he portrayed a blues player who imprisons a young woman (Christina Ricci) addicted to sex in Black Snake [84] [85] In 2008. Jackson voiced several television show characters including the lead role in the anime series. the New Testament audiobook version of the Bible.[81] 5 Jackson in July 2006 On January 30.[98] He voiced the main antagonist. Jackson starred in Home of the Brave.[102] In November 2006. Queen Latifah (Juice/Sphere). Jackson was presented with the Hawaii International Film Festival Achievement in Acting Award.[83] Also in 2007. based on his many film contributions. he again worked with Quentin Tarantino when he narrated several scenes in the World War II film.[91] In 2010. and 2009). authoritative voice would best fit the role. . gained cult film status months before it was released based on its title and cast. 2007. Jackson was honored with a hand and footprint ceremony at Grauman's Chinese Theater. followed by Lakeview Terrace where he played a racist cop who terrorizes an interracial couple.). Eve (xXx). Jackson was featured as narrator in Bob Saget's direct-to-DVD Farce of the Penguins. 2001. He was given the lead role because producers believed his deep.[74] On January 30. Inglourious Basterds.[75] He next starred opposite actress Julianne Moore in the box office bomb Freedomland. Jackson reprised his Moan. Jackson portrayed Rev. Jackson won the German Bambi Award for International Film.[100] the ESPYs (1999. Xzibit (xXx: State of the Union). Throughout Jackson's career.[82] The film was a spoof of the box office success March of the Penguins (which was narrated by Morgan Freeman). Pulp Fiction. he has appeared in many films alongside mainstream rappers. role of Mace Windu in the CGI film.

[108] For all the films in his career.[3] In 2009.C. Captain America: The First Avenger. In 2008 and 2010. I wished I could watch the plays I was in — while I was in them! I dig watching myself work. born in 1982. Zoe.91 billion[110] at the North American box office. the couple started their own charitable organization to help support education. including Jules Winnfield. placing him as the seventh (as strictly lead) or the second highest-grossing movie star (counting supporting roles) of all time. who live in Los Angeles.[112] Personal life Jackson married actress LaTanya Richardson in 1980. Jackson signed on to a nine-picture deal with Marvel which would see him appear as the character in Iron Man 2. determined that Jackson appeared in more films than any other actor which grossing $1.Samuel L. In 2001. he made a cameo as the character in a post-credit scene..[113] Jackson has revealed in an interview that he sees every one of his movies in theaters with paying customers claiming that "Even during my theater years.C.[105] In February 2009.[106] Box office performance Jackson has said that he chooses roles that are "exciting to watch" and have an "interesting character inside of a story". stated that Jackson is the world's highest grossing actor. a box office tracking company.81[109] to $4.[111] The 2009 edition of The Guinness World Records. which uses a different calculation to determine film grosses.[107] Throughout the 1990s.[104] In the 2008 film Iron Man. Jackson stated in an interview that he wanted to play a small role in George Lucas's Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull so that he could keep his box office position over Harrison Ford.[45] Jackson and his wife Latanya Richardson during a tour of Naval Station Pearl Harbor . he portrayed the character in the Iron Man series of movies Jackson has several upcoming film projects between 2010 and 2011.I. In August 2007. California. things [he] saw as a kid and wanted to do and now [has] an opportunity to do". and The Avengers as well as any other sequels they would produce."[115] He also enjoys collecting the action figures of the characters he portrays in his films.[113] The couple.[114] She works as a sports channel producer. Shaft. where he is featured as a leading actor or supporting co-star. having earned $7.7 billion domestically. Mace Windu. and Frozone. behind only that of voice actor Frank Welker. Jackson gave his consent for Marvel Comics to design their "Ultimate" version of the character Nick Fury after his likeness. Neilson E. and that in his roles he wanted to "do things [he hasn't] done. his films have grossed a total of $2. whom he met while attending Morehouse College. A. Jackson 6 Upcoming films Jackson gave his approval for Marvel to use his likeness for the Ultimate Nick Fury.[116] He is a comic book and anime fan. have a daughter.42 billion in 68 films.

html). and especially favors the Toronto Raptors and the Harlem Globetrotters. pbs. he ended the tale by lamenting to Jay Leno. Inside the Actors Studio. Jackson. .. Lewis (June 11. 2010. 2009. Parade. All of a sudden I felt this big hole in the middle of my afro. Laughingly. a known lover of Ireland. also supports a Dublin based football team Bohemian F. com/ movie/ contributor/ 1800018848/ bio)."[124] 7 References [1] http:/ / www. newsbank. Retrieved May 10. The Deseret News. but enjoys wearing unusual wigs in his films. p. . html). co. Jackson Jackson is bald. . The Tavis Smiley Show. nydailynews. "Clean Break With the Past . 15. Texas. . 2009. No. He said "Barack Obama represents everything I was told I could be growing up. I am a child of segregation. Boston Globe. html?res=9803E1DD1231F931A35752C1A961958260). [14] O'Hagan. html).[120] He also became a Liverpool F. when I started losing my hair it was during the era when everybody had lots of hair. Margy (November 2. [13] Kung. 2002. Michelle (February 12.[3] Jackson has a clause in his film contracts that allows him to play golf during production. com/ gst/ fullpage. Tavis (February 24. [5] Rochlin. [11] Smiley. "Action Jackson" (http:/ / www. Retrieved May 10. nytimes. uk/ entertainment/ film/ biographies/ samuel_l_jackson_biog. com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=NewsLibrary& p_multi=DSNB& d_place=DSNB& p_theme=newslibrary2& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0F360727929D68D9& p_field_direct-0=document_id& p_perpage=10& p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM) (Fee required).15". I couldn't face having a comb over so I had to quickly figure what the haircut for me was. 2006). html). .[118] Jackson usually gets to pick his own hairstyles for each character he portrays. Yahoo Movies. com/ articles/ editions/ 2005/ edition_01-09-2005/ featured_0). . 2009. parade.uk. samuelljackson. [8] Hudson 2004. Retrieved May 10.C.. [7] "Samuel L. The New York Times. org/ kcet/ tavissmiley/ archive/ 200602/ 20060224_jackson. 2010. 2000). Sean (December 7. 21 [9] Hudson 2004. I knew it was a lie. 2009.[117] Jackson has reflected on his decision to go bald: "I keep ending up on those bald is beautiful lists. 2008). [3] "Episode #8. tiscali. . "From coke addict to golf addict: How Samuel L Jackson found salvation on fairways to heaven" (http:/ / www. [6] Beale. 2009. Jackson Biography" (http:/ / www. uk/ sport/ golf/ from-coke-addict-to-golf-addict-how-samuel-l-jackson-found-salvation-on-fairways-to-heaven-543591. Retrieved May 10. and had to keep shaving his head so wigs could be made for him. p. explaining that he had to shave his head for one role. "Samuel L. filmreference. a game he has been reported to have become very proficient at. Anyone can grow up to be a president. March 2. Retrieved January 24. Retrieved May 10. . co. tiscali.C. Retrieved May 10. com/ ae/ movies/ articles/ 2006/ 02/ 12/ action_jackson/ ). You know. . "The only way I'm gonna have time to grow my hair back. 1993. 1997). Film Reference. [4] Kay. com/ archives/ entertainment/ 2000/ 06/ 11/ 2000-06-11_clean_break_with_the_past_sa. "Tough Guy Finds His Warm and Fuzzy Side" (http:/ / query."[117] His first bald role was in The Great White Hype. Retrieved May 10. Jackson enjoys playing golf. 2009.co. 2009. Dotson (January 9.[6] [31] He has played in the Gary Player Invitational charity golf tournament to assist golf icon Gary Player raise funds for needy children in South Africa. But now we have a representative. html). [15] "Samuel L. co. The Independent (London). 2006). Rob.[7] Jackson is also a keen basketball fan. Karen (October 13. season 8.Samuel L. guardian. com/ [2] "Samuel Jackson Figures He Owes His Success to Morgan Freeman" (http:/ / nl. . the American Dream is a reality. . com/ Actors-and-Actresses-Hu-Ke/ Jackson-Samuel-L. . When I grew up and people told me I could be president. It's cool. uk/ film/ 2008/ dec/ 07/ samuel-l-jackson-hollywood-film).[118] [119] Although he did poke fun at his baldness the first time he appeared bald on The Tonight Show. 2004).com. boston. Jackson went from addict to Hollywood star" (http:/ / www. 2005). "He Found His Voice (Film actor Samuel L. Jackson)" (http:/ / www. [12] Rader.. "Samuel L Jackson: 'Now we got the movie stuff out of the way.Samuel L. Jackson" (http:/ / movies. fan after filming The 51st State in Liverpool. independent. yahoo. London: guardian. 23 [10] Edelman. 2009. June 2. but then he kept receiving more and more roles afterward.[121] [122] [123] Jackson drew upon his middle class roots during the 2008 Democratic Primary when he campaigned for then Illinois Senator Barack Obama in Texarkana. He stated that the golf course is the only place where he "can go dressed as a pimp and fit in perfectly". New York Daily News. "Samuel L. Retrieved May 10.. Jackson" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved January 25. 2009. is if I'm not workin'!". let's talk about something serious'" (http:/ / www. Jackson" (http:/ / www. Retrieved June 5.

com/ newspapers?id=VIwxAAAAIBAJ& sjid=8aYFAAAAIBAJ& pg=2274. Derek (February 23. 1998). 2002). cnn. Jackson [16] Petrakis. Dennis (February 13. "Jackson Out of Hiding" (http:/ / news. The Guardian. The Observer (London). 5 [31] Bhattacharya. "The Force is With Jackson" (http:/ / news. 53 [21] Hudson 2004. "Samuel L. "Reaching for the top Veteran actor Samuel Jackson more than just a familiar face" (http:/ / pqasb. Retrieved May 10. 1993). sdsu. BigFanBoy. libproxy. com.00. Retrieved January 26. "The Negotiator (1998)" (http:/ / www. Tim (November 5. Mark (July 2006). starbulletin. edu/ pqdweb?did=25288218& sid=1& Fmt=3& clientId=17862& RQT=309& VName=PQD) (Registration required). google. p. 71 [24] "Festival de Cannes: Jungle Fever" (http:/ / www. . 1998). Owen (July 31. . . CNN. Retrieved January 26. 2010.'Deep Blue Sea' a Fresh. htm). com/ movies/ ?id=diehardwithavengeance. 2010. p. 2010. cnn. html). html). 1993). 106 [30] Hudson 2004. Retrieved May 10.. guardian. 2010. pqarchiver. Edward (July 30. . uk/ film/ 2002/ oct/ 27/ features.5946643& dq). com/ cgi-bin/ article. com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=DM& p_theme=dm& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0ED3D36C03903EC7& p_field_direct-0=document_id& p_perpage=10& p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM) (Fee required). p. com/ SHOWBIZ/ 9802/ 13/ sphere/ index. Sanjiv (October 27. "Brazilian wins Berlin film prize with odyssey of an orphan" (http:/ / proquest. com/ cgi-bin/ article. Retrieved January 25. 2010. [39] Wallace. John (February 24. 2010. Box Office Mojo." (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 24. Tasty Thriller" (http:/ / www. Michael (February 19. . valentine/ index. "These Sharks Have Attitude . 1998). Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 25. San Francisco Chronicle. 2010. . 2009. 2009. 2009. html). "Duvall's 'Apostle' Truly Filled With Spirit.. 1998).284164. Honolulu Star-Bulletin. com/ pages/ interviews/ samjackson/ slj. 1993). . 2009. "Reaching for the top Veteran actor Samuel Jackson more than just a familiar face" (http:/ / proquest. umi. com/ movies/ ?id=timetokill. 1997). DTL). December 24. Michael H. Retrieved May 10. 2009. DTL).Samuel L. com/ newspapers?id=ENUdAAAAIBAJ& sjid=a8cEAAAAIBAJ& pg=1458. CNN. 2010. review2). newsbank. [27] Price. . bigfanboy. Retrieved May 10. "Really Dangerous Minds in '187'" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 24. The New York Times. TimesDaily (Google News). Retrieved January 25. Retrieved January 25. 2001). com/ chicagotribune/ access/ 24372228. html). Ocala Star-Banner (Google News). (June 14. com/ 1994/ 12/ 24/ arts/ gump-tops-golden-globe-nominations. Retrieved January 24. edu/ pqdweb?did=24372228& sid=1& Fmt=3& clientId=17862& RQT=309& VName=PQD) (Registration required). 2010. com/ newspapers?id=0tYjAAAAIBAJ& sjid=xAcEAAAAIBAJ& pg=4449. Chicago Tribune. 32 [19] Hudson 2004. Retrieved January 26. [28] Hudson 2004. [37] Ryan. libproxy. 66 [23] Hudson 2004. 2010. p.6614694& dq). "Samuel L. sdsu. Retrieved May 10. "'Jurassic Park' Thriller Not Necessarily For Kids" (http:/ / news. [32] "'Gump' Tops Golden Globe Nominations" (http:/ / www. p. [41] Michael. .com. [18] Hudson 2004. festival-cannes. & pub=Chicago+ Tribune+ (pre-1997+ Fulltext)& desc=Reaching+ for+ the+ top+ Veteran+ actor+ Samuel+ Jackson+ more+ than+ just+ a+ familiar+ face& pqatl=google) (Fee required). 2009. com.. sdsu. 41 [20] Hudson 2004. html). ew. . 99 [29] Hudson 2004. Jackson talks Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. . html?dids=24372228:24372228& FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT& type=current& date=Feb+ 24. com/ 2001/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 03/ 01/ okwu. 2010. The Dallas Morning News. sfgate. Chicago Tribune. 1995). Los Angeles Times. p. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 85/ year/ 1991. . [43] LaSalle. [26] Petrakis. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 1997/ 07/ 30/ DD16546. Mick (July 31. nytimes. [34] Hudson 2004. [25] Ryan.com. . [42] Gleiberman. p. Ian (July 31. com/ ew/ article/ 0. 65 [22] Hudson 2004. 1998). [38] Guthmann. 1998). festival-cannes. "Play it again Samuel. . . Reading Eagle (Google News). p. [33] Okwu. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 1999/ 12/ 10/ DD79677. San Francisco Chronicle. . 2009. htm). Retrieved May 10. p. google.' 'Star Maps' and 'Ulee's Gold' follow in the nominations honoring independent films" (http:/ / proquest. [44] Spelling. p. Retrieved May 10. html). . 8 . 2010. John (February 24. co. google. com. 1993). Jackson not caving in to star pressure" (http:/ / archives. 1994. sfgate. [45] Walters. . [40] Malcolm. [17] Angeli. Amy (January 9. "Samuel Jackson is quite the character" (http:/ / nl.+ 1993& author=John+ Petrakis. com/ 2005/ 11/ 05/ features/ story01. Retrieved May 10. Michael (March 1.1862508& dq). James (April 28. "Working It" (http:/ / archives. html). 121 [35] "A Time to Kill" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. . 2005). Movies: 'Hard Eight. umi. 2009. Entertainment Weekly. libproxy. "'Sphere' takes moviegoers to new depths" (http:/ / www. edu/ pqdweb?did=26612584& sid=2& Fmt=3& clientId=17862& RQT=309& VName=PQD) (Registration required). . Retrieved January 26. [36] "Die Hard: With a Vengeance" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. umi. Retrieved January 25.

rottentomatoes. hotactioncop. "The McQueen of Women-In-Jeopardy Films" (http:/ / pqasb. . 2010.00. com/ movies/ content/ shared/ movies/ reviews/ C/ coachcarter. 2010. com/ life/ people/ 2005-11-06-samuel-l-jackson_x. Rotten Tomatoes. com/ newspapers?id=UYIgAAAAIBAJ& sjid=4c8EAAAAIBAJ& pg=6940. Ken (November 28. Retrieved January 26. usatoday. "Coach Carter" (http:/ / www. slantmagazine. archive. Spartanburg Herald-Journal (Google News). Retrieved January 26. org/ web/ 20080523190635/ http:/ / www.89631. Lola Ogunnaike. Retrieved May 10. html). . com/ archives/ gossip/ 2000/ 06/ 08/ 2000-06-08_jackson___shaft__drove_me_da. 2010. hotactioncop. Retrieved January 26. [61] Schager. [50] Schwarzbaum. Retrieved January 26. 2010. com/ newspapers?id=t4cUAAAAIBAJ& sjid=NQQEAAAAIBAJ& pg=5934. "Winning a Future" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 26. reeltalkreviews. [58] "Samuel L. Retrieved January 26. uk/ sol/ homepage/ showbiz/ film/ movie_reviews/ article1479695. 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Retrieved January 26. usatoday. and Karen Robinovitz (June 8. 2010. php?id=75228) on December 27. "'Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith'" (http:/ / web. [60] "Twisted (2004)" (http:/ / www. 2010. Retrieved January 26. 2010. [63] Burr. [57] "Hot Action Cop in TV. com/ celebrity/ samuel_l_jackson/ ). Bob. 2004). edgeboston. . 2000). 2010. Toledo Blade (Google News). com/ sacramento/ content?oid=28017). August 20. August 12. Ty (November 5. Retrieved May 10. asp?type=review& id=1141). 2010. "Coach Carter" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 26. com/ entertainment/ 3981189/ detail.2059890& dq). Joanna Molloy. 2009. story). com/ film/ review/ twisted/ 922). KIRO-TV. August 10. calendarlive. [73] Hart. . . Kenneth (May 15. December 8. html). [62] Lane. "Jackson: 'Shaft' Drove Me Daft" (http:/ / www. 2010. 2008.. . "Twisted" (http:/ / www. [68] Foucher. seeing-stars. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 26. com/ baltsun/ access/ 574652291. 2003. com/ m/ incredibles/ ). Los Angeles Times. [49] Rush. Jim (March 11. George. 2004). [69] Tucker. org/ web/ 20071227112038/ http:/ / www. [72] Turan. [55] Bentley. "The Caveman's Valentine (2001)" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.0. "Jackson Demands Purple Shaft" (http:/ / www. Entertainment Weekly. . 2010. html). "Non-Action Hero Gets Top Billing" (http:/ / www. au/ articles/ 2002/ 08/ 29/ 1030508097645. [53] "License to Thrill" (http:/ / www.00.337292. "Look! Up in the sky! It's a flabby suburban dad!" (http:/ / www. kirotv. washingtonpost. ew. "Twisted" (http:/ / www.+ Film& pqatl=google) (Fee required). Rick (March 22. 2004). . Associated Press. Hugh (September 11. sfgate. . The Sun. . Retrieved May 10.101760~1~0~cavemansvalentine.T. html). 2010. Retrieved May 10. htm). . November 6. 2001). Movies and Video Games" (http:/ / web. Ty (April 16. 9 . Sean (January 14. . 2008. shtml). 2004). 2005). p. . com/ ae/ movies/ articles/ 2004/ 11/ 05/ look_up_in_the_sky_its_a_flabby_suburban_dad/ ). html?dids=574652291:574652291& FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT& type=current& date=Mar+ 07. co. 2010. . Retrieved January 26. com/ Immortalized/ WalkOfFameStars. com/ cgi-bin/ article. Rotten Tomatoes. 2000). Retrieved January 25. . archive. [71] "Time For a Lads Night Out" (http:/ / www. 2010. [51] Hudson 2004.1386671.W. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 2002). 2005. php?ch=entertainment& sc=movies& sc2=reviews& sc3=features& id=2004). Lisa (March 7. imdb. Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved January 26. USA Today. [74] "Samuel L. com/ news/ wenn/ 2002-05-07#celeb9). Associated Press. August 30. [54] "Formula 51 (2002)" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 26. Hot Action Cop. David (January 14. 2004. . 2002.+ 2004& author=Michael+ Sragow& pub=The+ Sun& desc=The+ McQueen+ of+ women-in-jeopardy+ films+ . Comics!" (http:/ / www. . 2002. html). [48] Tucker. 2003). ReelTalk Movie Reviews. com/ browse/ viewitem. google. [56] "'S. USA Today.A. 2005). newsreview. 219 [52] World Entertainment News Network (May 7. "'Engagement' Bumps 'Brockovich'" (http:/ / news. [59] Sragow. ew. 2010. The Washington Post. 2010. Retrieved January 26. [67] Daly. thesun. 2005). 2009. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved January 26. "In 'Carter. Slant Magazine. Retrieved January 26. nydailynews. Sydney Morning Herald. boston. . 2009.1386671. 2000). [65] "Annie Award Noms Incredibly Good To 'Incredibles'" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ turan/ cl-et-revenge16may16. Betty Jo. Boston Globe. htm).00. Jackson" (http:/ / www. . . .Samuel L. Retrieved January 26. com/ tool/ display_news. Michael (March 7. story) on May 23. Entertainment Weekly. [70] Townsend. com. com/ index. ew. . com/ ew/ article/ 0. 2004).0. php?id=75228).+ Actor+ Ashley+ Judd+ brings+ a+ confident+ physicality+ to+ taut+ suspense+ movies. com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2005/ 01/ 14/ AR2005033116986.. Entertainment Weekly. 2010. Retrieved January 26. rottentomatoes. [47] Germain. pqarchiver. ece). com/ movies/ turan/ cl-et-revenge16may16.. 2007. 2010. calendarlive. smh. com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2003-08-10-box-office_x. "Stand Up. Retrieved January 26. html). . Retrieved January 26. 2010. com/ ew/ article/ 0.

MSNBC. [88] Bowles. 2009. "Samuel L. html?dids=1470436661:1470436661& FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT& type=current& date=Apr+ 29. 2010. George (August 2. [80] "Bambi honour for Jackson" (http:/ / www. . The Daily Telegraph (London). "Major Players" (http:/ / www. telegraph. "Review: 'Clone Wars' is fun though forgettable" (http:/ / www.8599. Retrieved May 10. 2006). Jackson" (http:/ / www. com/ id/ 14344100/ ). Time. [83] "Samuel L. com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=spirit09. Geoff (January 24. . co. Retrieved January 24. blinkx. May 16. stm). html). [89] "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. msn. com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2008-08-11-hayes-mac-movie_N. 2010. 2010. . . The Sydney Morning Herald. "Having a Grand Theft time" (http:/ / pqasb. [90] "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. Entertainment Weekly (CNN). ContactMusic. htm). [85] Thomson. au/ news/ film-reviews/ farce-of-the-penguins/ 2007/ 08/ 02/ 1185648019056. com/ news. January 31. com/ life/ movies/ 2008-08-11-1299828071_x. Retrieved January 26. "Creepy '1408': It's Worth Checking Into" (http:/ / www. Catherine (March 25. com/ artists/ thewallflowers/ articles/ story/ 5922082/ wallflowers_imbruglia_set_for_mtv_movie_awards). "Trite script wins battle in 'Home of the Brave'" (http:/ / www. com/ disp/ story. . Associated Press. Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved January 24. 2010. 2009). com/ 2006/ 04/ 23/ movies/ 23john. . 2007). Scott (August 14. rottentomatoes. Retrieved January 24. washingtonpost.+ billhutchens@thenewstribunecom& pub=News+ Tribune& desc=Having+ a+ Grand+ Theft+ time& pqatl=google) (Fee required). MSNBC. Rolling Stone. 2010. The Washington Post. The Houston Chronicle. . [95] Carroll. 2004). [96] "Samuel L. . 2006. Mick (August 20. variety. Retrieved January 26. hollywoodtoday. 2010. "Samuel L. 2006). Josh (April 24. jhtml). freedomland/ index. [86] Germain. 2007). 2010. bbc. mpl/ ent/ movies/ mobile/ 6580920. 2010. com/ awards_goldderby/ 2009/ 04/ samuel-l-jackson-returns-as-espy-awards-host. html).1186739. 2007). Stacey (August 27. Retrieved January 26. Jackson is animated about 'Afro Samurai: Resurrection'" (http:/ / articles. [92] Boucher. Hollywood Today. 2006). . The Herald-Mail. [101] "Samuel L. . 2006). Jon (May 13. com/ time/ nation/ article/ 0. MSNBC. html). [91] LaSalle. Desson (June 22. BBC News. . uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 4201783. . "Cult film fans are bitten by Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. . Associated Press. Retrieved January 26. com/ movies/ ?id=freedomland. com/ id/ 28917026/ ns/ entertainment-movies). . chron. contactmusic. 2010. "DVD reviews: 'Lakeview Terrace. boston. 2006). 2010. usatoday. 2006). Retrieved May 10. html).+ 2008& author=BILL+ HUTCHENS. 10 . 2009. . com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2007/ 06/ 21/ AR2007062102344.' 'Fireproof'" (http:/ / www. co. [103] "Jackson Voices God" (http:/ / www. cnn. Jackson enjoyed violent scene" (http:/ / www. [102] Hutchens. htm). USA Today. Retrieved January 24. mov. com/ id/ 16158558/ ). 2009. Retrieved January 26. com/ 2006/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 02/ 17/ ew. Retrieved January 25. Retrieved January 24. deaths of Mac. Bill (April 29. [98] "A-listers flock to Gervais sitcom" (http:/ / news. htm).00. html). Retrieved January 24.Samuel L. Ross (April 23. 2010. January 24. net/ 2007/ 08/ 27/ samuel-l-jackson-man-of-many-digital-faces/ ). Retrieved January 26. bbc. 2009). 2008). Hayes were doubly devastating" (http:/ / www. "Hollywood's One Remaining Taboo Found in 'Black Snake Moan'" (http:/ / www. ITV News. . mtv. Jackson returns as ESPY Awards host" (http:/ / goldderby. 2010. . Boston Globe. html). 2010. [78] Elsworth. rollingstone. com/ 2009/ jan/ 24/ entertainment/ et-afrosamurai24). 2005. . February 15. 2010. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 4664710. com/ article/ VR1117945183. [84] Johnson. Variety. [77] Gleiberman. boxofficemojo. msnbc. 2010. 'Underdog' Gets Real: Sundance File" (http:/ / www. [99] Vargas. html). [87] Germain. David (August 11. html). . 2007). [100] "Wallflowers. Retrieved May 10. com/ m/ the_spirit/ ). Retrieved January 26. msnbc. 2005. [81] Germain. . . pqarchiver. usatoday. latimes. "For 'Soul Men' director. 2008). uk/ news/ worldnews/ northamerica/ usa/ 1513961/ Cult-film-fans-are-bitten-by-Snakes-on-a-Plane. The New York Times. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1550866/ 20070126/ story. 2009. . stm). Jackson: 'I'm fine with snakes'" (http:/ / www. Associated Press. latimes. [82] Palathingal. Los Angeles Times. "'Freedomland' shrill and joyless" (http:/ / www. Imbruglia Set For MTV Movie Awards" (http:/ / www. washingtonpost. 2010. com/ video/ bambi-honour-for-jackson/ xfWSv2VzyZ-qWa94OfGgkQ). nytimes. 2010. BBC News. 2009. The Los Angeles Times. April 7. nsf/ article/ jackson voices god_1002655). Jose Antonio (December 15. msn. Retrieved January 25. [93] "Samuel L. Retrieved January 26. USA Today. "Snakes on Samuel L. Rotten Tomatoes. com/ wp-dyn/ articles/ A193-2004Dec14. July 16. Retrieved January 24. David (January 29. smh. . 2010. 2010. Retrieved January 24. May 4. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). Box Office Mojo.com. Shawn Adler and Josh Horowitz (January 26. Jackson [75] "Actor Jackson enters Walk of Fame" (http:/ / news. . Retrieved January 24. Retrieved January 25. . August 18. MTV. 2010. Retrieved January 24. Retrieved May 10. 2009. The News Tribune. 2008). 2010. "WWII rewritten in glorious Basterds" (http:/ / www. "Sam Jackson Reunites With Willis. html). 1998. The Washington Post. Owen (February 17. "Farce of the Penguins" (http:/ / www. 2009). msnbc. Retrieved May 10. [97] Weisman. com. Jackson: Man of Many Digital Faces" (http:/ / www. com/ ae/ celebrity/ articles/ 2009/ 02/ 15/ samuel_l_jackson_enjoyed_violent_scene/ ). com/ ?module=displaystory& story_id=111635& format=html). Retrieved January 26. 2009. [79] Tyrangiel. 2010. . 2010. Retrieved January 24. Larry. msn. co. 2006. [76] "Freedomland" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Retrieved May 10. . . 2009. Jackson to give a voice to 'Afro Samurai'" (http:/ / www. [94] Silberman. 2006. com/ TRIBnet/ access/ 1470436661. herald-mail. htm). David (December 14. time. "Why thesps can't laugh off animated voice gigs" (http:/ / www.

herald. Retrieved April 26. 20111. 2009. Joe (September 16. . boxofficemojo. 2005. Josh (August 7. .ie. com/ 1991/ 06/ 09/ movies/ up-and-coming-samuel-l-jackson-out-of-lee-s-jungle-into-the-limelight. [114] Williams. July 16. com/ ?cp=142& show=article& a_id=3977). 2008). 2009. asp). [115] Tyrangiel. Retrieved January 26. . org/ web/ 20051119091014/ http:/ / www. "Brangelina take over the 'World'" (http:/ / news. . latimes. Jackson: Out of Lee's 'Jungle. 2002). [106] Kit. . indiatimes. toffeeweb. com/ track/ celebrity/ view/ 2008_09_16_Brangelina_take_over_the_ World / srvc=home& position=3) (Registration required).com. August 26. "Samuel L.co. Jo (May 23.. com/ news/ interview-samuel-l-on-black-snake-moan-1467). . 2006). html). Retrieved January 3. London: guardian. Retrieved June 9. 2010. canada.00. com/ ?cp=142& show=article& a_id=3977) on November 19. ToffeeWeb. 2010. sun2surf. html). 2008).9171. Clark Collis (May 9. ie/ entertainment/ around-town/ im-a-bohs-fan-till-i-die-vows-hollywood-star-jackson-2147632. Retrieved May 10. Jackson says 'Maybe I won't be Nick Fury'" (http:/ / latimesblogs. com/ International_Buzz/ Jackson_wants_Indiana_Jones_role/ articleshow/ 2310681. The Hollywood Reporter (Reuters). 2009. Time. his new movie and his biggest phobia" (http:/ / www. html).00. html). "His Own Best Fan" (http:/ / www. Borys (February 25. htm).uk. 2009. Shinan (November 4. Angela (August 25. texarkanagazette. "Nick Fury no more? Samuel L. [124] Martin. . 2010. com/ article/ idUSTRE51P0DD20090226). 2009.tv. ew. Jackson's bald love" (http:/ / www. [121] "Celebrity Evertonians" (http:/ / www. Liverpoolfc. 213 [109] "People Index" (http:/ / www. nytimes. "Celebrity Spotlight: Samuel L. On Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / www. . Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 10. 2009). 2009. 2007). "Interview: Samuel L. uk/ lifeandstyle/ 2009/ may/ 23/ samuel-l-jackson-family-values). 2010. October 13. 2010. Retrieved May 10. [116] Miller. [118] Walton. Prairie (May 18. [107] Dawson. "Raptors provide Jackson's action" (http:/ / www2. cms). 2009). com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. Box Office Mojo. Boston Herald. The Times of India. 2006). Adam B. [110] "All Time Top 100 Stars at the Box Office" (http:/ / www. 2009. Retrieved November 9. [112] Dwinell. Texarkana Gazette. time. 2009. longislandpress. LatinoReview. LongIslandPress..' Into the Limelight" (http:/ / www. . [123] "I'm a Bohs fan till I die. . guardian. php). 2006). . Retrieved November 9. The New York Times. p. com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ windsorstar/ news/ sports/ story. 2009. . . Geoff (January 13. com/ people/ records/ ). . [117] "Samuel L. monstersandcritics. "Samuel L. 2010. com/ people/ news/ article_1364990. bostonherald. Monsters and Critics. com/ fans/ celebrities. [119] Alvarez. Retrieved January 26. com/ news/ localnews/ 2008/ 02/ 25/ jackson-campaigns-for-obama-90. "Jackson campaigns for Obama" (http:/ / www. "Wigs Often Play Supporting Roles in Films With Samuel L. 2008). 2010. Antoinette (February 14. Retrieved May 10.20213067_20213068_20198639. "Striking While Iron Man is Hot" (http:/ / www. Scott (October 21. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. . Lena (June 9. "My family values" (http:/ / www. latinoreview. Jackson" (http:/ / nl. newsbank. [113] Mears. [108] Hudson 2004. 2009). [111] "Jackson wants Indiana Jones role" (http:/ / timesofindia. 2010. Jackson [104] Boucher. cfm?id=15260). A. Retrieved January 25. archive. Retrieved May 10. Jackson" (http:/ / web. Retrieved May 10. Sun2Surf.Samuel L.com. Herald. [122] "Hollywood star proud to be Red" (http:/ / www. com/ herocomplex/ 2009/ 01/ nick-fury-no-mo. 2011. . Retrieved May 10. [120] Govani. 2009. April 21. "Jackson's Fury in flurry of Marvel films" (http:/ / www. the-numbers. co. Los Angeles Times. reuters. Retrieved May 10. [105] Vary. html). tv/ news/ latest-news/ hollywood-star-proud-to-be-red). 2005). com/ people/ ?view=Actor& sort=sumgross& p=. vows Hollywood star Jackson" (http:/ / www. 2007. The Numbers. Jackson shares some of his thoughts on acting. Retrieved May 10. . Retrieved May 10. com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=AT& p_theme=at& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0F6CEC32D01EB37B& p_field_direct-0=document_id& p_perpage=10& p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM) (Fee required). . liverpoolfc.1223382. 1991). 11 . 2009. html?id=1371686c-6b13-4df1-a6dd-b7f6c006af6b& k=33394). 2009. 2007. longislandpress. Retrieved May 10. com/ article. Marie (February 25. php). The Windsor Star.com. Retrieved January 3. . Archived from the original (http:/ / www. .

Jackson: The Unauthorised Biography.[15] Jackson also received Golden Globe nominations in 1996 for A Time to Kill[16] and in 1997 for Jackie Brown.co. Samuel L. Jackson (http://www.[9] Coach Carter.[4] Pulp Fiction.imdb.talktalk.[11] and Lakeview Terrace.[17] In 2000 Jackson was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Further reading • Dils.[1] The collective total of all box office receipts for films that Jackson has appeared in (including minor roles and cameos) is the highest of any on-screen actor.[3] After Jungle Fever Jackson was cast in starring roles in Amos & Andrew. Jackson (Black Americans of Achievement). Tracey E.uk/entertainment/film/biography/artist/ samuel-l-jackson/biography/109) Samuel L.A. In 1994 he was also nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a miniseries for Against The Wall. Jackson is an American actor who has appeared in over one hundred films. for which he won a special jury prize for best supporting actor at the Cannes International Film Festival. Jackson filmography Samuel L. Great Britain: Virgin Books.[2] Jackson's film career started in 1972 with a role in the film Together for Days. Jackson (http://www. Jeff (2004).[1] Over the next nineteen years Jackson was cast in multiple films as minor characters up until his breakthrough role as Gator.[8] S.[5] In 1999 Jackson started playing the recurring character Mace Windu in both the Star Wars prequel trilogy[6] and in the animated film Star Wars: The Clone Wars[7] Since 2000 he has been cast as the lead in the remake of Shaft. The Great White Hype. Samuel L.W. External links • Official site of Samuel L.T. Jackson 12 Bibliography • Hudson. Jackson in 2008 For his role in Pulp Fiction Jackson won a British Academy of Film and Television Arts award for Best Supporting Actor[13] and was nominated for an Academy Award[14] and a Golden Globe Award. ISBN 1-85227-024-1. 1999. and the The Negotiator.. a crack addict. ISBN 0-7910-5282-6.[1] . among other [12] films. and in 2006 put his hand and footprints outside Grauman's Chinese Theatre. in the 1991 Spike Lee film Jungle Fever.Samuel L.samuelljackson. A Time to Kill.com/) • Samuel L.com/name/nm0000168/) at the Internet Movie Database • Extensive biography of Samuel L.[10] Snakes on a Plane. Jackson (http://www. Chelsea House Publications. Samuel L.

Jackson filmography 13 Filmography Film Year [1] [18] [19] Michael Schultz [20] Glenn Jordan Milos Forman [23] [25] In a sketch that precedes concert [24] footage Role Director Notes 1972 Together for Days Stan [20] First feature film for Jackson and [19] Schultz [20] Samuel L.Samuel L. 2 [24] Eddie's uncle [24] Robert Townsend [26] John Landis Spike Lee Spike Lee [28] 1988 1988 1989 Coming to America [27] School Daze Do the Right Thing [22] Hold-Up Man Leeds [27] [22] [29] Mister Señor Love [29] Daddy Blind Dream Man [31] [31] [29] 1989 The Exorcist III [30] Sea of Love Goodfellas [3] [30] William Peter Blatty. Simpson B-Bop [54] [55] [51] 1992 1992 1992 1992 1993 1993 [50] White Sands [18] Jumpin' at the Boneyard Johnny Suede [53] [55] [50] Roger Donaldson [52] Jeff Stanzler Tom Di Cillo [53] [52] Fathers & Sons True Romance Marshall Big Don [55] Paul Mones Tony Scott [56] [56] [18] [57] Menace II Society Tat Lawson [58] Hughes brothers . Paul [32] Baxley [33] Harold Becker [35] Martin Scorsese [38] 1989 1990 Black Guy Parnell Steven "Stacks" [34] Edwards Madlock [37] [37] [31] 1990 1990 1990 1990 1990 1991 1991 1992 1992 [36] Mo' Better Blues Def by Temptation [39] Spike Lee Minister Garth [40] James Bond III [41] Alan Alda [42] Jan Egleson Sig Shore [43] [31] Betsy's Wedding A Shock to the System [37] [43] Taxi Dispatcher Ulysses [37] [37] The Return of Superfly Strictly Business [44] Nate Cabot Monroe [37] [46] [45] Kevin Hooks Spike Lee [46] [46] Jungle Fever [18] Juice Patriot Games [48] Gator Purify Trip [37] [47] Ernest Dickerson Phillip Noyce [49] LCDR Robby [48] Jackson Greg Meeker Mr. Jackson's 2nd 1977 1981 1987 The Displaced Person [21] Ragtime Eddie Murphy Raw Sulk [18] [22] Gang Member No.

Fred Sultan Carl Lee Hailey [60] [18] Joel Schumacher Renny Harlin [74] [74] [74] Mitch Henessey Jimmy [75] [75] Paul Thomas Anderson [60] Steve Buscemi [76] For use in schools Trees Lounge Wendell Teens and Guns: Preventing [37] Violence The Search for One-eye Jimmy [78] One Eight Seven [18] Eve's Bayou [79] Jackie Brown Sphere [80] [77] Colonel Ron [77] [78] [77] Sam Henry Kass [78] Kevin Reynolds Kasi Lemmons [18] [79] 1996 1997 1997 1997 1998 1998 1998 1998 Trevor Garfield Louis Batiste [18] [18] [18] Debut as a producer Ordell Robbie Harry Adams Quentin Tarantino Barry Levinson F. Charles [59] Picerni Sr. Gary Gray [80] [80] [81] The Negotiator [82] The Red Violin [83] Out of Sight [81] Lt.Samuel L. Wes Luger [18] Gene Quintano. Danny Roman Charles Morritz Con man [83] [82] [81] [82] [83] [83] Uncredited cameo Francois Girard Steven Soderbergh . E. Jackson filmography 1993 [18] Loaded Weapon 1 [60] Sgt. Max Frye [61] 14 1993 1993 Amos & Andrew Jurassic Park Andrew Sterling John Raymond [18] Arnold Dre [37] [63] [60] [18] [18] Steven Spielberg [62] Robert Townsend [63] Boaz Yakin [64] Quentin Tarantino [64] Independent Spirit Award for Best Actor Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor Television movie [65] 1993 1994 1994 The Meteor Man Fresh [63] [37] Sam [64] Pulp Fiction Jules Winnfield 1994 1994 1994 1994 Against The Wall [65] Jamaal Dale [66] [37] John Frankenheimer [66] Michael Tolkin [65] [66] The New Age Hail Caesar [67] Mailman [67] Anthony Michael Hall [67] Cameo Assault at West Point: The [68] Court-Martial of Johnson Whittaker Kiss of Death [69] [70] Richard Theodore [68] Greener Calvin Hart [69] [70] [71] [69] Barbet Schroede [70] John McTiernan [71] Stephen Gyllenhaal [72] Carlo Carlei [73] Reginald Hudlin [73] [72] Voice 1995 1995 1995 1995 1996 1996 1996 1996 1996 1996 Die Hard with a Vengeance Losing Isaiah [72] Fluke The Great White Hype [18] A Time to Kill The Long Kiss Goodnight Hard Eight [75] [60] [73] [71] Zeus Carver Kadar Lewis Rumbo [72] Rev.

Ellis Irwin Winkler [103] 2005 2006 2006 2006 2007 Derrick Vann [101] [102] Lorenzo Council Neville Flynn Will Marsh Narrator [18] Home of the Brave [104] [104] [105] Voice Farce of the Penguins [105] [105] Bob Saget .2 [96] The Incredibles In My Country [97] Quentin Tarantino [96] Brad Bird [96] Lucius Best/Frozone Langston Whitfield Jack Johnson [99] [98] [97] [97] John Boorman [98] Voice [99] Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and [98] Fall of Jack Johnson [99] The N-Word [10] Coach Carter [18] xXx: State of the Union 2004 2005 2005 Himself Todd Williams [10] Thomas Carter Lee Tamahori Coach Ken Carter Agent Augustus [18] Gibbons Mace Windu [84] [10] [100] 2005 Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the [84] Sith [101] The Man [102] Freedomland Snakes on a Plane [18] [104] [105] [84] George Lucas [101] Les Mayfield [102] Joe Roth David R.Samuel L. Childers John Shaft [8] [88] [89] [86] Thomas Carter William Friedkin John Singleton [86] [8] [87] [18] Executive producer Elijah Price M. Jackson filmography 1999 Mace Windu [84] [84] George Lucas [85] 15 Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom [84] Menace [85] Deep Blue Sea The Black And The White Rules of Engagement [8] Shaft [87] Unbreakable The Caveman's Valentine Changing Lanes [90] [89] [86] 1999 1999 2000 2000 2000 2001 2002 2002 Russell Franklin [85] Renny Harlin Wesley 'Wez' Willis Col.A. Terry L. Dan 'Hondo' [93] Harrelson [94] Jack Friar [94] [95] [93] Clark Johnson [94] Bob Rafelson Philip Kaufman [95] [18] Cameo Voice 2003 2004 2004 2004 2004 2004 No Good Deed [95] Twisted John Mills Rufus [18] [18] Kill Bill Vol. [93] Ronny Yu [91] [92] [92] Sergeant Nathan West John McTiernan Sgt.T.W. Night Shyamalan [89] Kasi Lemmons [90] Roger Michell [84] George Lucas [18] Romulus Ledbetter Doyle Gipson Mace Windu [90] Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the [84] Clones [18] xXx [91] [84] 2002 Agent Augustus [18] Gibbons Elmo McElroy [91] Rob Cohen 2002 2003 2003 The 51st State (Formula 51) [92] Basic S.

uncredited Voice only [119] The Spirit Astro Boy Inglourious Basterds David Bowers Quentin Tarantino Harry Kloor Rodrigo García Gregor Jordan [121] Jon Favreau Adam McKay Harold Becker Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey Mother and Child Unthinkable Iron Man 2 [114] [122] [123] Direct-to-video The Other Guys Detective Highsmith John Dromoor Vengeance: A Love Story Television work Year 1978 1987 1989 1991 1992 1995 1997 1997 1997 1997 1999 2001 The Trial of the Moke Uncle Tom's Cabin Dead Man Out Law & Order Ghostwriter Shaquille O'Neal: Larger than Life [126] The Mayor (voice) [125] [124] George [37] Calvin Fredricks Taggert Reggie Jenkins Narrator [126] Episode "The Violence of Summer" Title Role Notes Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child Off the Menu: The Last Days of Chasen's Shari Springer Berman.Samuel L. Arnold Glassman Joseph (voice) Episode "Seven Days of Kwanzaa" . Robert Pulcini The Directors: John Frankenheimer [37] Forever Hollywood The Proud Family [37] Episode "The Pied Piper" [127] Robert J. Jackson filmography 2007 2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 [106] Black Snake Moan 1408 [108] Lazarus Woods Gerald Olin [107] [106] Craig Brewer [108] Mikael Håfström Rod Lurie [109] [110] [18] Also sang on the soundtrack 16 [108] [109] [109] Resurrecting the Champ [110] Cleaner [112] Jumper Iron Man [114] [7] Bob Satterfield Tom Cutler [111] [113] Renny Harlin Doug Liman Agent Roland Cox Nick Fury [114] [7] [112] [114] Uncredited cameo [7] Voice [115] Jon Favreau Dave Filoni [116] [117] Star Wars: The Clone Wars [117] Lakeview Terrace Soul Men [118] Mace Windu Abel Turner [117] Neil LaBute [118] Louis Hinds The Octopus Zog [114] Narrator Fear Paul H Nick Fury [114] [114] [119] [118] Malcolm D. Lee Frank Miller [119] Voice only [120] Voice only. Emery [128] [128] [129] Todd McCarthy.

. mtv. producer Author of self-help books Television special Video game Year 2004 2008 2010 Title Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas Afro Samurai Iron Man 2 [137] Role [136] Officer Frank Tenpenny Afro Samurai/Ninja Ninja Nick Fury Notes References [1] "Samuel L. story). time. 1991). calendarlive. com/ 1991/ 06/ 09/ movies/ up-and-coming-samuel-l-jackson-out-of-lee-s-jungle-into-the-limelight. executive producer Narrator [133] [134] John Walker [135] David Leonard Afro Samurai/Ninja Ninja Voice only. [4] "Amos & Andrew" (http:/ / www. nytimes. cgi?file=/ chronicle/ archive/ 1999/ 05/ 16/ PK104036. [6] "Samuel L. Linda (Aug 15. Retrieved 2009-05-19.7844646.W. starnewsonline. The New York Times. 24. Retrieved 2009-05-19. Jackson menaces neighbors in 'Lakeview Terrace'" (http:/ / www. cbsnews.285808. January 31. californiachronicle. com/ article/ 20080923/ ARTICLES/ 809230281/ 1005/ SPORTS?Title=Amos___Andrew_). 2008. com/ articles/ yb/ 129972003). San Francisco Chronicle. 2008). Retrieved 2009-05-19. jhtml). Geoff (January 24. 6. Jackson is animated about 'Afro Samurai: Resurrection'" (http:/ / articles. Rome (Aug. . . 2006). [3] Williams. com/ time/ nation/ article/ 0. [7] Barnard. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 2003). thestar..1186739. com/ comment/ columnists/ article/ 478875). Jennifer (Jan 10 2005). Robert (September 19. 2008). [11] Tyrangiel. com/ stories/ 2003/ 08/ 05/ earlyshow/ leisure/ celebspot/ main566793. DTL& type=movies). Entertainment Weekly. [9] Neal. 2009). . Fox News.' Both On-Camera And Off" (http:/ / www.0. "UP AND COMING. Samuel L. Retrieved 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2009-05-19. [5] Campbell. . com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1495515/ 01102005/ story. [12] Abele. Jackson" (http:/ / www. Jackson filmography 2002 2002 2002 [37] Narrator Host [131] Gin Rummy Himself [132] Narrator [132] [37] 17 Fighting for Freedom: Revolution & Civil War The Art of Action: Martial Arts in the Movies [130] [130] Ed Bell [131] Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives 2005–2010 The Boondocks 2005 2006 2007 2007 2007 2009 2009 Extras Honor Deferred Afro Samurai Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story Stax 50th Anniversary Concert Afro Samurai: Resurrection Un-broke: What You Need to Know About Money [135] [133] Voice for five episodes Episode "Samuel L Jackson" Afro Samurai/Ninja Ninja Voice only. "Samuel L. com/ movies/ cl-et-lakeview19-2008sep19. com/ cgi-bin/ article. .00. [8] "Films of the Week" (http:/ / www. Star News Online. "Samuel L. "On The ' S. sfgate.2933. Retrieved 2009-05-19. com/ ew/ article/ 0. May 16. . . foxnews. [2] Boucher. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 2006. html). . [10] Vineyard. ew. Josh (Apr.8599. . September 23. html). com/ story/ 0. "Samuel L.A.00. Retrieved 2009-05-19. . Retrieved 2009-05-19. California Chronicle. Caren Weiner. . Time.T. The Los Angeles Times. MTV. Jackson Was 'Coach. 1999. Jackson: Out of Lee's 'Jungle. "Snakes on Samuel L.' Team" (http:/ / www. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-19.00.183299. Jackson Leaves His Prints in Hollywood" (http:/ / www. Toronto Star. shtml). May 17. html). latimes. "'Star Wars: The Clone Wars' a clunky effort" (http:/ / www. Jackson Earns a Lightsaber" (http:/ / www. html). com/ 2009/ jan/ 24/ entertainment/ et-afrosamurai24). "Take No Prisoners" (http:/ / www.Samuel L. Los Angeles Times. . Retrieved 2009-05-19.' Into the Limelight" (http:/ / www. The Early Show. Lena (June 9.

Dotson (Jan 9. . IMDb. com/ tcmdb/ participant. jamaica-gleaner. com/ title/ tt0074413/ ). . "Goodfellas (1990)" (http:/ / movies. [35] Canby. [14] "Samuel L. Retrieved 2009-05-20. Charles (November 3. The Biography Channel. htm). cfm?columnID=10971). -Jackson-9542182?part=0). goldenglobes. post-gazette. variety. [23] "Ragtime (1981)" (http:/ / movies. [20] "The Displaced Person" (http:/ / www. Bruce. Retrieved 2009-05-19. London: The Guardian. nytimes. com/ index. . stm). Janet. com/ movie/ 15291/ Eddie-Murphy-Raw/ overview?scp=1& sq=eddie murphy raw& st=cse). com/ movie/ 43335/ Sea-of-Love/ overview?scp=1& sq=sea of love& st=cse). Retrieved 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2009-05-20. . 26. highbeam. The Record. goldenglobes. The New York Times. Aug 18. com/ movie/ 32975/ Mo-Better-Blues/ overview?scp=1& sq=mo' better blues& st=cse). html). Jackson Biography" (http:/ / www. co. [30] Rader. 2006. msnbc. nytimes. com/ gleaner/ 20060326/ arts/ arts1. 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"Mo' Better Blues (1990)" (http:/ / movies. msn. com/ movie/ 10523/ Coming-to-America/ overview?scp=1& sq=coming to america& st=cse). Hollywood Foreign Press Association. org/ browse/ year/ 1997). Retrieved 2009-05-19. . [42] Taylor. "William Peter Blatty's The Exorcist III (1990)" (http:/ / movies. Vincent. Caroline (07/11/2003).). 2006). MTV. Retrieved 2009-05-21. eonline. html). "Lloyd Kaufman" (http:/ / www. [41] James. thebiographychannel. Jackson › Filmography" (http:/ / www. co. Ernie (August 15. Retrieved 2009-05-20. html). Retrieved 2009-05-21. Retrieved 2009-05-21. "Coming to America (1988)" (http:/ / movies. com/ doc/ 1G1-120212373. Retrieved 2009-05-20. . Retrieved 2009-05-21. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-05-21. parade. Sharon (August 20.304599_2. The New York Times. uk/ media/ 1999/ nov/ 01/ tvandradio. variety. . asp?layout=awardcentral& jump=features& id=samuel_l_jackson& articleid=VR1117996539). 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"Cleaner (2007)" (http:/ / movies. . [109] Hart. [125] O'Connor. Mike. nytimes. New York Times. foxnews. Retrieved 2009-06-04. AMC. August 22. New York Times. Daily Sun. variety. . . html?fta=y). . washingtonpost. 2007). com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2007/ 06/ 21/ AR2007062102344. [119] Applebaum. Jan (August 18. Michael. com/ entertainment/ movies/ orl-movier-review-soul-men.7072698. Retrieved 2009-06-04. at/ DesktopDefault. Retrieved 2009-06-04. [123] Hinds. 2008. washingtonpost. San Francisco Chronicle. nytimes. com/ movie/ 184625/ Forever-Hollywood/ overview?scp=1& sq=forever hollywood& st=cse). 2009). com/ ew/ article/ 0.20213067_20213068_20198639. 2005. 21 . "Creepy 1408: It's Worth Checking Into" (http:/ / www.00. com/ movies/ movie-synopsis/ the-directors-john-frankenheimer/ ). html). timeout.0. courant. "Striking While Iron Man is Hot" (http:/ / www. dailyherald. html). Stephen (22 December 2008). 2006). Orlando Sentinel. [115] Vary. 2009). com/ movies/ Frank-Miller-interview-It39s-no. . . . . [104] Stephen. "Forever Hollywood (1999)" (http:/ / movies. ew. The Washington Post. "Lakeview Terrace: Samuel L. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 2006). Roger (November 5. Nathan. [126] "Shaquille O'Neal: Larger than Life" (http:/ / movies. . . "Freedomland--takes on too much" (http:/ / www. . "Creative urge drives Hustle director and his old-school anti-hero" (http:/ / seattletimes. html). Jackson film to be shot in Michigan" (http:/ / www. [127] Van Gelder. Retrieved 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-10-08. nytimes. Tosin (editor) (January 31. Retrieved 2009-06-04. Wiener Zeitung. Clark Collis (May 09. com/ movie/ 379072/ Cleaner/ overview?scp=5& sq=cleaner& st=cse). com/ story/ ?id=199586). com/ movie/ 452685/ Star-Wars-The-Clone-Wars/ overview?scp=1& sq=clone wars& st=cse). html).. aspx?TabID=4082& Alias=wzo& cob=337997). Moira (July 27. Scott (September 16. . Retrieved 2009-06-04. com/ article/ 20090423/ ENT01/ 90423061/ Samuel+ L. The Washington Post. Adam B. freep. thetimes. 2005). . "I pray everyday but don't go to church on Sundays" (http:/ / www. [102] Batson-Savage. Chicago Daily Herald. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2007/ 08/ 19/ PKQERFE79. nytimes. . Retrieved 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-06-04. Jamaica Gleaner. Hartford Courant (from Chicago Tribune). "Off the Menu: The Last Days of Chasen's (1997)" (http:/ / movies. Retrieved 2009-06-04. New York Times. . Tanya (April 7. . Retrieved 2009-06-04. Aljean. 2007). "Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008)" (http:/ / movies. com/ movie/ 174419/ Shaquille-ONeal-Larger-than-Life/ details). Julie (APRIL 23. Jan 24. New York Times. aspx?id=920483). html). . Time Out. . [103] Chaney. . eastvalleytribune. + Jackson+ drama+ to+ be+ shot+ in+ Michigan). com/ 2008-09-18/ film/ lakeview-terrace-samuel-l-jackson-and-patrick-wilson-suffer-from-racial-tension-in-the-latest-from-nell-labute/ ). jp). . Entertainment Weekly. [120] "The war is on" (http:/ / www. com/ story/ 47673). Retrieved 2009-06-04. [117] Foundas. Jackson) – 1 1/2 stars" (http:/ / www. Mar 24 2006. nytimes. Retrieved 2009-06-04. wienerzeitung. phoenixnewtimes. com/ entertainment/ movies/ chi-14-jumper-review. htm). "Movie review: Soul Men--3 out of 5 stars" (http:/ / www. 2006). 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-04. Jackson filmography [101] Outhier. html). scotsman. "Snakes Director Cleared for Takeoff" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "Dead Man Out" (http:/ / tv.4670. Desson (June 22. October 29. com/ 2005/ 08/ 22/ casting-call-for-craig-brewers-black-moan-snake-at-the-pyramid/ ). The Times.00. . Retrieved 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 2008). com/ film/ news/ 1021/ jackson-narrates-farce-of-the-penguins. Variety. . Retrieved 2009-06-04. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). Favreau reteam on Iron Man 2. nytimes. com/ movie/ 275541/ The-Trial-of-the-Moke/ overview?scp=1& sq=the moke trial& st=cse).0. 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Dominican Today. nytimes. www. Sega. [134] Bellafante. The. Movies-1985839. . 8 February 2006. Martial. com/ news/ ?n=4018). html) [137] "Iron Man 2: The Video Game Gets Talented" (http:/ / www. 2007. MSN Movies. Seattle Post Intelligencer. . Jackson. . com/ 2007/ 08/ 01/ arts/ television/ 01resp. Arts. Retrieved 2009-06-04. James Woods lead San Andreas' all-star cast (http:/ / uk. com/ media/ storage/ paper980/ news/ 2003/ 01/ 29/ AedvdBriefs/ The-Art. Retrieved 2009-06-04. dominicantoday. [132] "History Channel honors black WWII soldier" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-06-04.com. "The Art of Action: Martial Arts in the Movies" (http:/ / media. Retrieved 2009-06-04. com/ movies/ 333960_staydvd03. The Leader. com/ dr/ this-and-that/ 2006/ 2/ 8/ 10163/ History-Channel-honors-black-WWII-soldiers). "Cutting a Tumultuous Era’s Soul Soundtrack" (http:/ / www. hbo. . shtml). com/ news/ 6111344. html). 2007). [136] Samuel L. Action. [131] "Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives" (http:/ / www. Jackson filmography [130] Bates.Samuel L. com/ docs/ programs/ unchained_memories/ ). sega. seattlepi. 22 . gamespot. . [133] "Watch This: Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story" (http:/ / www. Of. html?scp=1& sq=Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story& st=cse). Retrieved 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2010-05-08. October 2. com/ movies/ movie/ stax-50th-anniversary-concert/ ). [135] "Stax 50th Anniversary Concert:Overview" (http:/ / movies. New York Times. uwmleader. msn. HBO. Retrieved 2009-06-04. . In. . 2002). Gina (August 1. Mack (January 29.

''The Other Guys'' 23 The Other Guys The Other Guys Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Adam McKay Adam McKay Will Ferrell Jimmy Miller Patrick Crowley Chris Henchy Adam McKay Ice-T Will Ferrell Mark Wahlberg Eva Mendes Samuel L. 2010 107 minutes United States English $100 million [1] Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget . Jackson Dwayne Johnson Steve Coogan Michael Keaton Jon Brion Written by Narrated by Starring Music by Cinematography Oliver Wood Editing by Studio Brent White Gary Sanchez Productions Mosaic Media Group Columbia Pictures August 6.

and he allows them to finish the case off-the-books.). Their investigation comes to a halt when Ershon's attorney learns of his plan to cover his losses. is really coming from the New York Police retirement fund. creating a roadblock for Allen and Terry. and Captain Gene Mauch (Michael Keaton) leaves him with a wooden practice gun as punishment. After learning that the jewelry robbery that Danson and Highsmith died over was staged so that Wesley and his team could break into Lendl's accounting firm next door to alter their records. Terry detests Allen's extreme cautiousness. when having dinner one night with Sheila. 2010. following Anchorman (2004). . However. though refusing to admit that he was a pimp as Terry correctly points out.[4] [5] [6] This film is the fourth collaboration between Ferrell and McKay. 2010. They go to an investment meeting Ershon is having and realize that the $32 billion Ershon seeks. initially believed to be coming from the New York Lottery Office. Allen confides in Terry about his college life running a dating service. namely detectives Martin (Rob Riggle) and Fosse (Damon Wayans.740. Talladega Nights (2006). Allen and Hoitz receive no respect from the other officers. he was sent to the hospital where he met Sheila. Samuel L. but Wesley arrives and shoots both officers. Jr. Danson and Highsmith die when they jump off a 20-story building to continue pursuit. Meanwhile. During their investigation. sending Terry to traffic and Allen to patrol. Dim-witted detective Terry Hoitz (Mark Wahlberg) has been stuck with Allen as his partner ever since he shot Derek Jeter during the World Series. Jackson). Allen still tries to solve the crime on his own. and Ershon tells them that the money for the pension fund is already in his account. starring Will Ferrell and Mark Wahlberg." The two were mourned by the police force as heroes despite their odd deaths. Jackson. Mauch finally arrives with police backup. who are considered the city's best policemen even though they frequently cause millions of dollars in property damage catching criminals. even though Terry thinks it is a dead end. Eva Mendes. and Ray Stevenson. They escape with Ershon to his private apartment. and featuring Dwayne Johnson. evading Wesley's team. Allen and Terry begin to investigate a scaffolding permit violation by multi-billionaire David Ershon (Steve Coogan). who trick Allen into firing his gun in the office (a "desk pop"). causing Allen's old dark personality to re-emerge. but got pushed over to August 6.''The Other Guys'' Gross revenue $168. groups of Chechen and Nigerian investors Ershon owes money to. Terry tries and fails to reconnect with his ex-fiance Francine (Lindsay Sloane). In the morning. he finally gets credible evidence and earns his gun back. who walked out on him due to his reckless behavior. They go to Mauch. and police officers who are told Allen and Terry have gone rogue. They reach the bank and halt the transfer. They both idolize detectives Danson (Dwayne Johnson) and Highsmith (Samuel L. and to make sure no one stops him from doing so. after agreeing to "aim for the bushes. they drive to the bank to stop the transfer. Michael Keaton. having settled into traffic. choice of music. When his life spiraled out of control. During a pursuit of a group of jewelry robbers. and Step Brothers (2008).373 [2] 24 The Other Guys is a 2010 comedy film directed and co-written by Adam McKay. Steve Coogan. but wind up uncovering a much bigger plot by Ershon to cover his losses to his client Lendl Global. and is baffled by and infatuated with his beautiful wife Sheila (Eva Mendes). leading Wesley to kill him and make it look like a suicide. Lendl CEO Pamela Boardman (Anne Heche) hires a team of mercenaries led by Roger Wesley (Ray Stevenson) to make sure Ershon pays her back. and Martin and Fosse are in line to fill their shoes. ready to be transferred to Lendl's account. Plot Nerdy detective Allen Gamble (Will Ferrell) is a forensic accountant who is more interested in paperwork than hitting the streets. and she kicks him out of the house. Mauch splits up Allen and Terry. who admits he's been holding off on the case because Ershon has high-profile connections. she tells Allen that she's pregnant.[3] The film was originally scheduled to be released on March 31. Allen and Terry make amends with their respective significant others the night before. Allen then convinces Terry to rejoin him. and he promised himself and Sheila that he would never get out of control again.

[8] with additional scenes A running joke throughout the film. Sheila Ramos Gamble Dwayne Johnson as Detective Christopher Danson Samuel L. and "Ain't 2 Proud 2 Beg" when talking to Detective Allen Gamble (Will Ferrell) and Detective Terry Hoitz (Mark Wahlberg) although Mauch appears not to know who TLC is whenever someone brings up the fact he is quoting from the band.''The Other Guys'' rescuing the two and arresting Ershon and Wesley.[7] filmed in Albany. Louis Radford (uncredited) Ice-T as Narrator (uncredited) Anne Heche as Pamela Boardman (uncredited) Chris Gethard as Clerk Edward O'Dowd as Fast Food Manager (uncredited) Production Principal photography for the film began on September 23. 25 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Will Ferrell as Detective Allen Gamble Mark Wahlberg as Detective Terry Hoitz Eva Mendes as Dr." as Terry and Allen drive off. as Detective Fosse Michael Delaney as Bob Littleford Zach Woods as Douglas Lindsay Sloane as Francine Rob Huebel as Officer Watts Natalie Zea as Christinith Brett Gelman as Hal Bobby Cannavale as Jimmy Andy Buckley as Don Beaman Adam McKay as Dirty Mike Oliver Wood as Captain Salty Brooke Shields as Herself (Cameo) Rosie Perez as Herself (Cameo) Derek Jeter as Himself (Cameo) and Bum in Nathan's Tracy Morgan as Himself (uncredited) Josef Sommer as D. The film ends with a peacock flying by the screen in reference to Terry's remark. "Waterfalls" "No Scrubs". 2009 in New York City. Jr.A. Wesley is charged with the murder of Ershon's attorney. you gotta let me fly. Ershon's arrest leads to a stock market crash and the subsequent federal bailout of Lendl. not the ones who appear in the newspaper or on TV. Captain Gene Mauch (Michael Keaton) frequency quotes lyrics from TLC songs. "I'm a peacock. although he is still infatuated with Sheila. . "Creep". Jackson as Detective PK Highsmith Michael Keaton as Captain Gene Mauch Steve Coogan as Sir David Ershon Ray Stevenson as Roger Wesley Rob Riggle as Detective Evan Martin Damon Wayans. Terry gets married to Francine. Allen and Terry believe that the true heroes are the ones who make the world a better place. New York.

comingsoon. com/ ). . . . 2010. garnering an 77% "Certified Fresh" rating.it looks absolutely heroic. com/ movie/ 1810116447/ details). Retrieved 2010-09-26. Sonypictures. yahoo.com Movie Page for the Other Guys" (http:/ / movies. during the August 4. placing it at number one for the weekend of August 6-8. com/ movies/ reviews/ 17388/ 188631). [4] "The Other Guys Official Website" (http:/ / www. [8] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / current. Although they weren't actually in the house."[11] Some critics praised The Other Guys as the best police film of the year.yahoo. Reception Box office performance In its first night of release. Retrieved June 10. both Will Ferrell and Mark Wahlberg made an on-screen video appearance. php?id=59408). Also. reelzchannel. . "Note to Kevin Smith: THIS is how you do a spoof of the buddy-cop genre. "Don't let anyone spoil the wildly hilarious surprises. It had a large opening weekend take of $35. Rotten Tomatoes. or 7/10 rating on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. 2010 episode of America's Got Talent. [11] by:  Peter Travers (2010-08-04). placing first for the night. com/ m/ other_guys). Rollingstone. com/ movies/ 2010/ OTHRG.. com/ movie/ 278630/ the-other-guys/ cast).. the film was promoted on TruTV programs."[13] References [1] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / www. com/ entertainment/ movies/ 91004830_filming-locations-for-september-23.remember Cop Out? -. Movies. The Other Guys made $13 million. as part of a promotional tie-in. "Rolling Stone Review" (http:/ / www. [7] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / www. [9] Box Office Mojo [10] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / www. Current. specifically The Smoking Gun Presents: World's Dumbest. Theotherguys-movie. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-26. [6] "Worldwide release dates from the Official site" (http:/ / www. and a 77% rating among the site's "Top Critics. php [3] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 2010.[9] Critical reception The Other Guys has received generally positive reviews from critics. Retrieved 2010-09-26.com.. net/ movies/ theotherguys/ international/ ). Guaranteed. . with The Other Guys being one of them. Retrieved 2010-09-26. Retrieved June 10. the week's contestants saw an advance screening of the film and got to meet both Will Ferrell and Mark Wahlberg in person. htm). ReelzChannel. .000. The film displaced Inception from the number one spot. They also appeared in on screen advertising on broadcast sports events like MLB and NASCAR. [5] "Yahoo. . . ComingSoon. net/ news/ movienews. comparing the film to the critically panned Cop Out. ." the consensus being "While not the best collaboration between Will Ferrell and Adam Mckay. Ferrell and Wahlberg also made a short appearance on an episode of WWE Monday Night Raw to promote the film. sonypictures. Retrieved 2010-08-07. . rollingstone.com.net. 2010. rottentomatoes. htm). The Other Guys delivers bursts of comedy during a summer devoid of laughs. com/ movies/ ?id=ferrellwahlberg2010. special segments were shown during the commercial breaks of the show's cast broken down on a highway. 2010-08-06. saying."[10] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone praised the film. theotherguys-movie.600.com. boxofficemojo. the-numbers. During the Season 2 premier for the MTV reality series Jersey Shore on July 29. discussing several movies. [2] http:/ / www. the house guests competed in a luxury challenge to see an advance screening of the film. Retrieved June 10. "Measured against this year’s other police farce -. Internet Movie Database. During the week leading up to the release date. Ferrell and Wahlberg will double your fun. Box Office Mojo."[12] and Stephen Whitty of The Star-Ledger said in his mixed review.''The Other Guys'' 26 Promotion During an episode of Big Brother. with Richard Roeper stating. 2010.

Arts Reviews. Richardroeper. "The Other Guys Review" (http:/ / www. com/ reviews/ default.com/movies/?id=ferrellwahlberg2010.htm) at Box Office Mojo The Other Guys . aspx).com.metacritic. Features and News (http://www.facebook. richardroeper.com/title/tt1386588/) at the Internet Movie Database The Other Guys (http://www.com/film/titles/otherguys) at Metacritic The Other Guys (http://www. nj.com) Official Other Guys Facebook Page (http://www.com. .com/m/other_guys/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Other Guys (http://www. php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=2225:film-the-other-guys&Itemid=27) Iron Man 2 Iron Man 2 Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Jon Favreau • • Kevin Feige [1] Susan Downey Screenplay by Based on Justin Theroux • • • • • Iron Man by Stan Lee Larry Lieber Don Heck Jack Kirby .com/otherguysmovie/) The Other Guys (http://www. html). . Nj.theartsdesk. com/ entertainment/ movies/ index.imdb.com/index.rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2010-09-26.boxofficemojo.theotherguys-movie. Retrieved 2010-09-26.The Arts Desk .com/work/481949) at Allmovie The Other Guys (http://www. ssf/ 2010/ 08/ the_other_guys_movie_review_just_silly_enough. 27 External links • • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. [13] Macall Polay (2010-08-06).allmovie.''The Other Guys'' [12] "Richard Roeper Review" (http:/ / www.

France on April 28. and he has failed to find a substitute. who reprises his role as Tony Stark. Stark has used his Iron Man armor to help maintain world peace. Senator Stern (Garry Shandling) demands that Stark turn over the Iron Man technology to the government. Plot Russian television shows Stark Industries CEO Tony Stark (Robert Downey Jr. claiming that foreign nations and business competitors are decades away from successfully recreating his achievements. California. produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures.''Iron Man 2'' Starring • • • • • • • 28 Robert Downey Jr. 2010. and . Six months later. It was released throughout the United States on May 7. creating new challenges for Stark.. Growing increasingly despondent and reckless due to his impending death. Ivan Vanko has duplicated the technology and built weapons of his own. The palladium core in the arc reactor that keeps Stark alive and powers the armor is slowly poisoning him. the film stars Robert Downey Jr. 2010 and in Paris. It is the sequel to 2008's Iron Man. it takes place six months after Iron Man.[8] Stark has revealed his identity as Iron Man and is resisting calls by the United States government to hand over the technology. Directed by Jon Favreau. on April 26. He re-institutes the Stark Expo in Flushing Meadows to continue his father Howard's legacy. Gwyneth Paltrow Don Cheadle Scarlett Johansson Mickey Rourke John Debney [2] Tom Morello (Additional) Music by Cinematography Matthew Libatique Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by • • Dan Lebental Richard Pearson Marvel Studios Paramount Pictures April 28.988 Iron Man Iron Man 3 [4] [5] [6] [5] [6] Iron Man 2 is a 2010 American superhero film featuring the Marvel Comics character Iron Man. and directly before The Incredible Hulk. 2010 (France) May 7. In cinematic canon. sees this and begins building a similar weapon. 2010 (United States) 125 minutes [3] United States English $170-200 million $621. the second film in a planned trilogy[7] and is a part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe. whose father. 2010. Stark refuses.751. Anton Vanko (Yevgeni Lazarev). Ivan Vanko (Mickey Rourke). and that the armor is in fact his own property. Iron Man 2 premiered in Los Angeles. has just died.) revealing his identity as Iron Man to the world.

I. but she and Stark kiss.L.H. Stark saves Potts from the exploding drones' remains.H. S. [9] • Don Cheadle as Lt. very powerful suit of armor. to intervene.D. In a post-credits scene. . and replaces her with Stark employee Natalie Rushman (Scarlett Johansson). Stark arrives in his new armor to warn Rhodes. He is an amalgamation of Iron Man villains Whiplash and Crimson Dynamo. Stark synthesizes it.S. delivers the armor to the military.I. while news footage of the Hulk's rampage plays. Nick Fury (Samuel L.E. budding love interest. removing his dependency on the palladium. 29 Cast • Robert Downey Jr. At the Expo.V. Fury gives him some of his father's old material. With his suit too damaged to continue the fight Vanko ignites his suit and his drones' self-destruct mechanisms. Vanko reveals to Stark that he is still alive and seeking revenge so Stark uses the untested element. using an arc reactor of his own powering whip-like energy weapons. and business partner as Pepper is promoted to CEO of Stark Industries. speaking multiple languages including Latin and Russian.E. • Scarlett Johansson as Natalie Rushman / Natasha Romanoff: She works in the legal department of Stark Industries and is highly qualified. escaped with a suit of armor he created and now uses an upgraded version to make the world a better place.D. • Samuel L. • Gwyneth Paltrow as Virginia "Pepper" Potts: Stark's closest friend.I. Rival defense contractor Justin Hammer (Sam Rockwell) fakes Vanko's death and recruits him to perfect a line of armored combat suits to upstage Stark. now in a new. explaining Vanko's desire for revenge on the Stark family. Anton Vanko. he himself is not. Stark appoints his personal assistant Pepper Potts (Gwyneth Paltrow) CEO of Stark Industries. Agent Coulson (Clark Gregg) reports the discovery of a large hammer in the desert.E.. but Romanoff returns control of the Mark II armor to Rhodes. but Vanko is ultimately defeated when they fire repulsor rays at each other. a hidden message in the diorama of the 1974 Stark Expo proves to be a diagram of the structure of a new element.I.R. but was deported to his native Soviet Union following his attempts to profit from the technology and died in poverty. Fury informs Stark that while Iron Man is a suitable candidate for the "Avengers Initiative".L. Jackson as Nick Fury: Director of S. Hammer unveils Vanko's armored drones. Jackson). Anton collaborated with Howard on the first arc reactor.''Iron Man 2'' choosing not to tell anyone about his condition. posing as Stark's assistant.I.D.H. approaches Stark.L. He learns that Vanko is the son of his father's old partner. Rhodes dons Stark's Mark II armor and after battling him. but Vanko seizes control of both the drones and Rhodes' armor and attacks Iron Man. causing a large explosion.[11] • Sam Rockwell as Justin Hammer: a rival weapons manufacturer. led by Rhodes in a heavily weaponized version of the Mark II armor. Air Force Lieutenant Colonel James Rhodes (Don Cheadle). He escapes. founder that Fury knew personally. Colonel James "Rhodey" Rhodes: Cheadle replaces Terrence Howard from the first film.H. • Mickey Rourke as Ivan Vanko:[10] A physicist and ex-convict who builds his own arc reactor-based weapon to exact vengeance on the Stark family.I. Potts quits as CEO. After defeating his drones Stark and Rhodes confront Vanko himself. as Tony Stark / Iron Man: The billionaire who. Hammer is arrested while Stark's bodyguard Happy Hogan (Jon Favreau) and Romanoff attempt to capture Vanko. director of S.H.E.D. Stark agrees to be a consultant if Senator Stern presents himself and Rhodes with their medals for bravery.L. At what he believes is his last birthday party Stark gets drunk while using the Iron Man armor. With the aid of his computer J. apparently killing himself in the process.D.L. An undercover spy for S. Neither can match Vanko.A. Stark defeats Vanko with the aid of his portable briefcase armor. Vanko attacks Stark while racing at the Circuit de Monaco. forcing his friend. (voiced by Paul Bettany). after being held captive.E. revealing Rushman as undercover agent Natasha Romanoff and that Howard Stark was a S. At a debriefing.

[17] Olivia Munn appears as Chess Roberts.[9] Pre-production Justin Theroux signed to write the script in July 2008.[13] Garry Shandling appears as United States Senator Stern. "I look at Mandarin more like how in Star Wars you had the Emperor.[18] a reporter covering the Stark expo. Downey revealed that while the film was not an adaptation of the '"Demon in a boyfriend. Millar argued the Mandarin. who wants Stark to give Iron Man's armor to the government. which is based on a story written by Jon Favreau and Robert Downey Jr.[16] Leslie Bibb also reprises her role as reporter Christine Everhart.L. You just can't do it. John Slattery appears as Howard Stark. Robert Oppenheimer. But you can't have what happened in Return of the Jedi happen in A New Hope.[7] with Obadiah Stane (Jeff Bridges) becoming Iron Monger during the sequels. it was more about the "interim space" between the origin and the "Demon" story arc. and suggested to Favreau and Downey that they model Stark on J.[28] Theroux co-wrote Tropic Thunder. was too fantastical.E.[29] Genndy Tartakovsky storyboarded the film. including Mark Millar.[27] Adi Granov returned to supervise the designs for Iron Man's armor. Munn originally filmed scenes that were later cut from the film but was asked back to film a different role. will continue to have a major role.I.[26] During development. while promoting the first film.[31] .[15] Clark Gregg reprises his role as S. The late Adam Goldstein (a. California. Then you work your way to the time when lightning bolts are shooting out of the fingers and all that stuff could happen. Robert Downey Jr.[24] Favreau concurred. the effects of revealing he is Iron Man.S.[30] Shane Black gave some advice on the script.[12] Tony Stark's bodyguard and chauffeur.H. and Downey recommended him to Marvel. who became depressed with being "the destroyer of worlds" after working on the Manhattan Project.[26] Downey said. that Stark would probably develop a drinking problem as he is unable to cope with his age. but Darth Vader is the guy you want to see fight.I.[20] Stan Lee appears as Larry King. He also mentioned that S.[26] Filming primarily took place at Raleigh Studios in Manhattan Beach. Favreau said the film would explore Stark's alcoholism.D.[19] Six-year-old Davin Ransom portrays Tony Stark as a child.[21] Additionally.E. but it would not be "the 'Demon in a Bottle' version". Air Force while filming at Edwards Air Force Base Favreau discussed in interviews how the films' version of Iron Man's comic book nemesis the Mandarin "allows us to incorporate the whole pantheon of villains"."[25] Jon Favreau meeting with members of the U. as well as Pepper getting a [27] Before filming began. Agent Phil Coulson from the first film.''Iron Man 2'' Jon Favreau reprises his role as Happy Hogan.[14] Paul Bettany again voices Stark's computer.a DJ AM) makes an appearance as himself and the film is dedicated in his memory. After a meeting between Favreau and various comic book writers. news anchor Christiane Amanpour[22] and political commentator Bill O'Reilly[23] play themselves in newscasts within the film. JARVIS. Stane became the main villain in Iron Man. deciding. 30 Production Development Jon Favreau said it was originally his intent to create a film trilogy for Iron Man.L.D.k. whom Favreau originally intended to be the main villain.H. Bottle" storyline from the comic book series.[8] Further cameos include CEO of Tesla Motors Elon Musk and CEO of Oracle Larry Ellison. Tony's father. praised Munn for her improvisation skills and led the crew in a round of applause.

a previous commitment to Gulliver's Travels forced Emily [45] Blunt to drop out of the part. paying for the teeth and bird out of his own money. The character is an amalgamation of Iron Man villains Blacklash (originally known as Whiplash) and the Crimson Dynamo. the original Crimson Dynamo in the comics. "There was no explanation.000. Howard's publicist said he had a good experience playing the part. often re-shooting and cutting his scenes. gold teeth and a fondness for a pet cockatoo. Jackson initially balked at the salary Marvel offered and was unsure about reprising the part of Fury until reaching a deal that would entail his appearance in up to nine films as the character. My parts were lighthearted and comedic. The fake working title was Rasputin. so the studio chose to increase the deal.[37] Rourke researched for the part by visiting Butyrka prison.[35] Cheadle said he thought Iron Man was a robot before the first film came out.. Not knowing anything about computers himself Rourke described pretending to be tech-savvy as the hardest part of the role.[49] A post-credits scene depicting the discovery of a large hammer was filmed on the set of Thor. Marvel came to Howard to discuss lowering his salary – Howard was the first actor hired in Iron Man and earned the largest salary of the cast.[39] Rourke suggested the addition of tattoos.[47] Filming also took place at Edwards Air Force Base.[33] Theroux denied the part of the report stating "the role of War Machine was scaled back and then beefed up". a physicist and ex-convict who builds his own arc reactor-based weapon to exact vengeance on the Stark family. I had to re-shoot all of my scenes.[9] at the Pasadena Masonic Temple. while Marvel chose not to comment.' Marvel and Jon had to add another character from the Marvel universe to keep me included".[43] Rockwell says his character is "plucky comic relief. Samuel L. The publication stated they were unsure whether Howard's representatives left the project first or if Marvel chose to stop negotiating.[42] He had never heard of the character before he was contacted about the part.[8] ."[32] Entertainment Weekly stated Favreau did not enjoy working with Howard.''Iron Man 2'' 31 Casting Don Cheadle was cast as Rhodes replacing Terrence Howard from the first film. 'I've got good news and bad news: This is what's happening in editing but we all really like you. 2009.[11] Mickey Rourke was cast as Ivan Vanko. Jon Favreau called and was like. but he's got a little bit of an edge".[40] Rourke explained he didn't want to play a "one-dimensional bad guy" and wanted to challenge the audience to see something redeemable in him.. apparently the contracts that we write and sign aren't worth the paper that they're printed on sometimes. and good faith negotiations aren't always held up. they just gave me another role in the film.. and some of it will be reused in the film. Promises aren't kept.[36] Downey offered Rourke the part during a roundtable discussion with David Ansen at the 2009 Golden Globes. and Rourke met with Favreau and Theroux to discuss his character's role. as they started to edit they realized it was becoming darker than what they'd expected and what my scenes had allowed for. As Favreau and Theroux chose to minimize the role.[8] Jon Favreau revealed that the scene was filmed with anamorphic lenses to match Thor. Howard said.[11] [41] Sam Rockwell was considered for the role of Tony Stark in the first film.[48] Actress Olivia Munn said she had been given a different part than originally and that reshoots involving her scenes had taken place: "Actually.[34] He commented he is a comic book fan.[44] Scarlett Johansson was cast as Natalie Rushman / Natasha Romanoff after a scheduling conflict. and was unaware Hammer is an old man in the comics. but had not previously participated in comics-themed films due to the lack of black superheroes.[38] He suggested half of the character's dialogue be in Russian. and is the son of impoverished Soviet physicist Anton Vanko.[46] Filming Principal photography began April 6. whereas in the film he is closer to Stark's age. Rourke almost dropped out of the role due to Marvel's initial salary offer of $250.[29] Cheadle only had a few hours to accept the role and did not even know what storyline Rhodes would undergo. and he accepted the role of Hammer without reading the script.

2Pac. special. and Beastie Boys. Stark's Grand Prix racer was partially based on a 1978 Walter Wolf race car powered by a Chevrolet small-block engine. "House Fight V1" – 5:47 3. Tanner Foust took on the role of driving Stark's racing car. Daft Punk. and holographic lab environment. Queen. Iron Man 2 (Original Motion Picture Score) Film score (Compact Disc/Digital download) by John Debney Released Label July 20. 2010. They created the backdrops for the Stark Expo as well as the computer screen interfaces such as the touch-screen coffee table. Visual effects and computer interfaces by Perception. the special edition contains a 15-track CD. Only 2 songs on the soundtrack actually appear in the movie. a 32-page booklet. 2010 Columbia Records 1. including gadgets such as Tony Stark's transparent LG smartphone. The Clash. and filmed a track sequence in which race cars were later digitally added. The basic edition includes solely the CD.[53] There are at least three different versions: basic. The filmmakers did ship one Rolls-Royce Phantom there. and a DVD featuring interviews. "Ivan's Metamorphosis" – 5:47 2. featuring 25 songs.''Iron Man 2'' 32 Effects The Historic Grand Prix of Monaco action sequence had to be shot in the parking lot of Downey Studios. after permission to film prior to the 2009 Monaco Grand Prix was initially awarded but later retracted by Bernie Ecclestone. Although not included on the soundtrack album the film includes songs by The Average White Band. and the deluxe also includes a reproduction of one of Iron Man's first comic book appearances. behind-the-scenes footage.[50] [51] [52] Music Soundtrack An Iron Man 2 soundtrack album featuring AC/DC was released by Columbia Records on April 19. The CD was released on July 20.[54] Score John Debney composed the musical score for Iron Man 2 along with Tom Morello. "Making Pepper CEO" – 1:08 . and deluxe. and music videos.

This trailer was released online on December 16.[68] . 2010 in North America. "New RT / To the Expo" – 1:43 20. "Iron Man Battles the Drones" – 8:00 22. The Wii version will be developed by High Voltage Software and all console versions will be published by Sega.[56] It was confirmed that the first Iron Man 2 theatrical trailer would premiere in front of Sherlock Holmes (another Robert Downey.[60] Video games A video game based on the film was released by Sega on May 4. 7 Eleven.[61] written by The Invincible Iron Man scribe Matt Fraction.[59] Novelization Author Alexander C. "Rhodey Dons Suit" – 0:56 7. "Jailhouse Talk" – 2:24 12. with an attached graphic of a "napkin memo" from Tony Stark to Pepper Potts announcing that Stark Industries no longer made weapons. Burger King. "Black Widow Kicks Ass" – 2:11 21. with Metacritic scores of 46%[66] and 47%[67] for the PS3 and Xbox 360 versions respectively. and Ultimo (depicted as man named Kearson DeWitt in a large armor) will be enemies in the game as well as reveal that the wearer of the Crimson Dynamo armor is General Valentin Shatalov. Jr. 2009. "Gun Show" – 2:10 14.M.[65] The game has received generally unfavorable reviews. film).[62] The game's Comic Con trailer showed that the Crimson Dynamo is set to appear as a villain. Another section featured an online application. on Jimmy Kimmel Live! on March 7 after the Academy Awards. Dr Pepper. a five-minute teaser trailer for the movie was shown. "Ivan Escapes" – 1:42 13. "Tony Discovers Dad's Secret" – 4:09 15. Jackson voice their respective characters in the video games. "Senate / Ivan Creates Drones" – 3:37 5.[55] A website for Stark Industries also went online. Roxxon Energy Corporation. "Sledgehammer" – 1:07 19. "Natalie Intro" – 1:03 9.I. "Make Way for Tomorrow Today" – 1:51 33 Marketing At the 2009 San Diego Comic Con. Irvine adapted the script into a novel that was released in April 2010. "Ivan's Demise / The Kiss" – 5:05 23.[64] The trailer revealed that A. "Thor" – 0:39 24. Audi. "Nick Fury" – 1:29 17. "Mayhem in Monaco" – 7:25 11. "Make Way for Tomorrow – Expo Version" – 0:53 6. "Dying Hero" – 1:51 8.''Iron Man 2'' 4. "New Element / Particle Accelerator" – 6:14 18. "Sledgehammer V2" – 2:39 16. LG Electronics. Jr.[63] Don Cheadle and Samuel L.[58] and Hershey. "Monaco Drive" – 0:41 10. A new trailer was shown by Robert Downey. Actors portraying Stark Industries recruiters handed out business cards with an invitation to apply for a job at Stark Industries. "I Am Iron Man" – 1:30 25. Gameloft has published the Iron Man 2 mobile game.[57] Promotional partners include Symantec.

not as good as the original but building once again on a quirky performance by Robert Downey Jr".[72] with the selected Top Critics giving the film a score of 65% based on 37 reviews[73] and the film is "Certified Fresh"."[80] Box office Iron Man 2 launched internationally with number-one openings on Wednesday. It holds a 74% overall approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 258 reviews with an average rating of 6. while the remaining will belong to Disney. with the critical consensus that "It isn't quite the breath of fresh air that Iron Man was. "Everything fun and terrific about Iron Man. and would defend his constitutional right to get a kick out of them. "In a refreshing and unexpected turn.764 theaters in 53 foreign markets for a strong average of $14. it'll do". Inside the metal. "Iron Man 2 isn't as much fun as its predecessor. multiple villains.25 million at 48 IMAX theaters overseas. In its place. in six European markets for a total $2. for an average of $46." Critics of the film include Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter.[4] [70] Home media The film was released in Blu-ray Disc and DVD on September 28. a one-time Marvel Comics writer.2 million from 960 venues.875.''Iron Man 2'' 34 Comics Several months prior to the release of the film. who stated.814 per site. but by the time the smoke clears.[81] It earned $100. This surpassed the previous record-holder for an IMAX 2D release. Iron Man 2 has substituted noise.5/10. 2010. 2009's Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen ($2.[77] Roger Ebert gave it 3 stars out of 4.A three issue miniseries titled Iron Man 2: Public Identity was released in April which serves as a prequel of the events of the movie.[69] Since the film was included in a premeditated legacy distribution deal that was signed before The Walt Disney Company purchased Marvel.[75] Anthony Lane of The New Yorker said. The series introduced a new version of Whiplash that was heavily inspired by the movie's portrayal.[82] . 2010. April 28.[72] Metacritic gave the film 57% based on a normalized rating of 40 reviews. Paramount Pictures will be able to acquire 8% of the box office sales. has vanished with its sequel.2 million its first five days from 6.[74] Positive reviewers include Brian Lowry of Variety who stated.[78] Frank Lovece of Film Journal International. but this sequel comes close with solid performances and an action-packed plot".[71] Reception Critical reception Reception for the film has been mostly positive. "To find a comic-book hero who doesn't agonize over his supergifts. a mere two years ago. imperfect humanity grows even more so. high-octane sequel. is frankly a relief". as Marvel's existing versions of the character had little resemblance to the movie's depiction. said that. But Iron Man 2 hums along quite nicely". Marvel Comics released a four issue miniseries titled Iron Man vs Whiplash as a tie-in to the movie. irrelevant stunts and misguided story lines.[76] David Edelstein of New York Magazine wrote. confusion. "It doesn't come close to the emotional heft of those two rare 2s that outclassed their ones: Superman II and Spider-Man 2.1 million).[5] IMAX Corporation reported that the film grossed $2. as thought-provoking [79] questions of identity meet techno-fantasy made flesh. the sequel to Iron Man doesn't find a changed man. stating that "Iron Man 2 is a polished. Release The international release date of the film was moved forward to increase interest ahead of the FIFA World Cup soccer tournament.

you don't want to see that. and Paramount announced a May 3.[86] It is also seventh-highest grossing film of 2010 internationally behind Toy Story 3.[5] Iron Man 2 is the third-highest grossing film of 2010 in the United States and Canada behind Toy Story 3 and Alice in Wonderland. Marvel Comics' new corporate parent.8 million from 181 IMAX venues.[93] Awards and Nominations Year Award Category Result 2010 Hollywood Film Award Satellite Award Visual Effects of the Year Best Sound (Mixing & Editing) Best Visual Effects Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Teen Choice Award Choice Movie Fight/Action Sequence: Don Cheadle. It grossed $51. opting to direct Magic Kingdom instead. Robert Downey Jr. however. Disney agreed to pay Paramount at least $115 million for the worldwide distribution rights to Iron Man 3 and The Avengers. and The Twilight Saga: Eclipse.[87] 35 Sequel Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige said he is happy with the results of Iron Man 2 and predicted that Iron Man 3 will be in theaters by 2013.[84] Iron Man 2 generated $9.677 in its opening day and is the ninth highest opening day on record. Marvel. which has distribution rights to certain Marvel properties. Alice in Wonderland.[83] The film had an average of $29.751.[90] On October 18. and The Walt Disney Company. Feige said. a conflict between Paramount Pictures.252 per theater.[91] Disney. clouded the timing and the distribution arrangement of a possible third film.5 million. "The problem with the Mandarin is that the way it's depicted in the comic books.643 internationally giving the film a worldwide total of $621.''Iron Man 2'' The film grossed $128. So it's either tech-based. (Iron Man & War Machine vs The Hammer Drones) Choice Movie Villain: Mickey Rourke Choice Movie Dance: Robert Downey Jr. The director said.480 in its opening weekend at 4. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1. or the rings are not really rings. 2010.345 in the United States and Canada as well as $309. He remained an executive producer of director Joss Whedon's planned spin-off movie The Avengers.[85] Iron Man 2 closed in theaters on August 19. the Mandarin would be in the third film. .623.[92] Favreau said in December 2010 that he would not direct Iron Man 3. and it will come after The Avengers".[88] Jon Favreau said that although the character may need reworking.122. to do it. This is the highest opening weekend for a 2D film in IMAX. 2013 release date for Iron Man 3.380 theaters and is marked as the fifth highest opening weekend behind Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest record and had the highest opening for a movie in 2010. surpassing Star Trek's previous record of $8."[89] After the release of Iron Man 2.239. He has 10 magical rings — that just doesn't feel right for our [franchise]. 2010 and grossed $312. Shrek Forever After. "We do have a contract with Robert Downey Jr.128. Inception.988.

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com/ breakingnews/ ci_12421912). ign. Garth (2009-12-02). ew. Entertainment Weekly." [41] "Mickey Rourke throws himself into 'Iron Man 2'" (http:/ / www. uk/ film/ 2009/ jun/ 06/ mickey-rourke). [34] White. html). [31] Marvel Studios (2008-10-07). "'Iron Man 2': How Terrence Howard Lost His Metal" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-06-07. . html). com/ news/ ironmannews. com/ 2008/ 10/ 14/ iron-man-2-star-don-cheadle-on-superhero-films-and-the-character-hed-like-to-play/ ). dailynews. Comic Book Resources. "Iron Man: Favreau on films. . [44] Franklin. . com/ ew/ article/ 0. variety. Retrieved 2009-01-20. "Rourke steady" (http:/ / www. "Part 1 of Quint's epic interview with Jon Favreau! IRON MAN 2! IMAX! James Cameron's AVATAR! And. "Theroux to write 'Iron Man' sequel" (http:/ / www.co. Variety. mtv. mtv. Dana (May 21. [33] Sperling. co. Variety. com/ iron-man-favreau-film-fans-fin-fang-foom_article_90337. Lisa (2010-04-29). Corona Coming Attractions. php?storyId=95833828). 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. ew. org/ 5uzz3pIPx). com/ news/ ?id=2766& p=. thewrap.rottentomatoes.sega. [93] Sneider. . [83] "Iron Man 2 Builds on Iron Man" (http:/ / www. "'Iron Man 2' Director Jon Favreau Wants The Mandarin For Third Movie" (http:/ / www.com/film/titles/ironman2) at Metacritic Iron Man 2 (http://www. jhtml). with reporting by Josh Horowitz. [82] "Nightmare. Frank (2010-04-29). Retrieved 2010-05-03. Daniel (May 10. WebCitation archive (http:/ / www.imdb. com/ headline. 1 in six markets" (http:/ / www. Amazon. December 14. [84] TOP SINGLE DAY GROSSES (http:/ / boxofficemojo. TheWrap. October 18. "'Iron Man 2' opens No. org/ 5uGWuyGBt). 2010. worstpreviews. webcitation.com/movies/?id=ironman2. [91] Frankel. [90] Frankel. 2010. . Box Office Mojo. Box Office Mojo. mtv. .com. "Breaking: Disney to Distribute 'Iron Man 3' and 'The Avengers (http:/ / www. "Iron Man 3" Promised for 2013" (http:/ / www. hollywoodreporter. Entertainment Weekly. . webcitation. htm) [85] "Weekend Report: 'Iron Man 2' Builds on 'Iron Man' Launch" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.marvel. Daniel. . WorstPreviews.com/m/iron_man_2/) at Rotten Tomatoes Iron Man 2 (http://www. (May 6. comingsoon. 39 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://ironmanmovie. Retrieved 2010-05-12. Retrieved 2010-11-20. [86] 2010 DOMESTIC GROSSES (http:/ / boxofficemojo. MTV. Retrieved 2010-04-30. Kate. The Wrap.com/deal-central/column-post/no-favreau-10-directors-who-could-take-over-iron-man-3-23244 "No Favreau? 10 Directors Who Could Take Over 'Iron Man 3'"]. [92] Ward.com. php?id=65669). htm). 2010. "'Iron Man 3 to come to theaters in 2013" (http:/ / news-briefs.''Iron Man 2'' [81] Segers.metacritic.html) Iron Man 2 (http://www. Larry. "Will There Be an 'Iron Man 3' — and Whose Will It Be?" (http:/ / www. WebCitation archive (http:/ / www. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?view2=worldwide& yr=2010& p=. 2010). com/ news/ ?id=2766& p=. php?id=17650). May 9. com/ article/ what-iron-man-3-17187).com. htm) [87] 2010 WORLDWIDE GROSSES (http:/ / boxofficemojo. [89] Carroll. htm) [88] ""Iron Man 2" Earns $133 Million. htm). thewrap. Retrieved 2010-05-10. com/ 2010/ 10/ 18/ iron-man-3-to-come-to-theaters-2013/ ). net/ news/ movienews. [thewrap. Coming Soon. .com) Official video game site (http://www. boxofficemojo. Jeff. com/ hr/ content_display/ world/ news/ e3i5a1636af3715b03b4ddf6fc4b8d5de14).htm) at Box Office Mojo . Hollywood Reporter.com. 2010). com/ alltime/ days/ ?page=open& p.com/title/tt1228705/) at the Internet Movie Database Iron Man 2 (http://www. webcitation. com/ news/ articles/ 1638536/ 20100505/ story.boxofficemojo.com. 2010-05-02. 2010. org/ 5ta0iW1Yi). October 18. TheWrap. Iron Man 2 Top Domestic and International Box Office Charts" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ article/ disney-distribute-iron-man-3-and-avengers-21795). WebCitation archive (http:/ / www.com/ironman2/us/index. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=2010& p=.

Jackson Michael Sheen Carrie-Anne Moss Brandon Routh Gil Bellows Martin Donovan Stephen Root Oliver Stapleton Senator U. Jackson. Michael Sheen and Carrie-Anne Moss.[2] . 2010. It was released direct-to-video on June 14.S. 2010 97 minutes United States English $15 Million (estimated) [1] Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Unthinkable is an American suspense thriller directed by Gregor Jordan and starring Samuel L. June 14.''Unthinkable'' 40 Unthinkable Unthinkable Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Gregor Jordan Marco Weber Caldecot Chubb Oren Moverman Peter Woodward Samuel L.

Special Agent Brody attempts to put a stop to the measures. that Yusuf is not afraid. H quickly shows his capability and cruelty by chopping off one of Yusuf's fingers with a small hatchet. The group immediately dismisses the possibility of his demands being met. they launch an investigation. he unstraps Yusuf.) Extended Version: An FBI bomb disposal team arrives at one of the disclosed locations and resets the timer to prevent the bomb from going off. sarcastically setting him free. though. because her decency will give him the moral approval that he needs to do the "unthinkable". Yusuf breaks and gives three addresses (in New York. trained in resisting torture. he breaks down and agrees that it was all a ruse. The official draws his pistol and aims it at H to coerce him into further interrogation. "H" (Samuel L. Angry at the senseless deaths. forcing the others to intervene. Brody realizes that he allowed himself to be caught and that he is purposely enduring the torture. Citing the amount of missing nuclear material Yusuf potentially had at his disposal (some 15-18lbs were reported missing. As the plot unfolds. he assures everyone that he will not harm the children. Outside of Yusuf's hearing. As the FBI are celebrating however.[3] When FBI Special Agent Helen Brody (Moss) and her team see news bulletins looking for Yusuf. H tells the soldiers to bring in Yusuf's two children. but visiting the address triggers a C-4 explosion at a nearby shopping mall. H demands that Brody bring the children back in. is brought in to force Yusuf to reveal the locations of the nuclear bombs. Out of desperation. with about 4-1/2lbs needed per device). Jackson). When Brody refuses to retrieve the children for H. Horrified. They are shown Yusuf's complete tape. Brody walks out of the building with Yusuf's children. just in case. where he threatens to detonate three nuclear bombs in separate U. H insists that Yusuf has not admitted anything about a hence-unreferenced fourth bomb. Los Angeles and Dallas). He knew the torture would most likely break him. H points out that everything Yusuf has done so far has been planned meticulously. the originally unconfirmed fourth bomb's timer counts down to zero. behind a nearby crate. and he would have been certain to plant a fourth bomb. He asks Brody to take care of his children and kills himself. When Brody accuses Yusuf of faking the bomb threat in order to make a point about the moral character of the United States government. H falters in his belief that the bombs' location will be revealed until Yusuf's wife is found and detained. maintains his silence. making a videotape. formerly named Younger. Brody and the others begin to take her away from the room in disgust. The official in charge of the operation demands that H bring Yusuf's children back in for further interrogation. H escalates his methods (with Brody as the "good cop") and Yusuf. Her superiors make it clear that the potentially disastrous consequences necessitate these extreme measures. citing the United States' declared policy of not negotiating with terrorists.S. Still without cooperation. Brody takes a scalpel and begins cutting Yusuf's chest. He justifies the deaths by comparing them to the greater number of Muslim deaths by American hands. which is curtailed when they are summoned to a high school. A special interrogator. which has been converted into a black site under military command. but H does not stop. Yusef's children are brought in and H makes it clear that he will torture them if the locations of the bombs are not divulged. Yusuf then makes his demands: he would like the President of the United States to announce a cessation of support for puppet governments and dictatorships in Muslim countries and a withdrawal of American troops from all Muslim countries. a young boy and a girl. cities if his demands are not met. Yusuf grabs the official's gun. He gives her an address to prove it. killing 53 people. The screen immediately cuts to black and the credits roll.''Unthinkable'' 41 Plot The film begins with an American Muslim man named Yusuf (Sheen). H slashes her throat and she bleeds to death in front of Yusuf. . (This is the end of the original Direct-to-DVD version. It is clear. He brings her in front of her husband and threatens to mutilate her in front of him.

allmovie. com/ ?p=1300 [6] Sean Axmaker.rottentomatoes. Jackson . Peña opines that "Ultimately. Retrieved 2008-11-20..General Paulson. . the leader of an FBI counter-terrorism team assigned to interrogate Yusuf[3] • Brandon Routh . html [3] Gregg Goldstein (2008-10-06). assistant of 'H' • Gil Bellows . media-ocracy.co.[3] • Michael Sheen . com/ 2010/ 06/ 15/ dvds-for-06-15-10-the-book-of-eli-mystery-train-and-divided/ External links • • • • Unthinkable (http://www. "Do the ends justify the means?". a member of the FBI team[3] • • • • • • Joshua Harto . hollywoodreporter. http:/ / original.Colonel Kerkmejian Holmes Osborne .com/m/unthinkable/) at Rotten Tomatoes Unthinkable Review (http://blueprintreview. imdb. the General leading the interrogation References [1] (http:/ / www. "Foursome in for 'Unthinkable' mission" (http:/ / www.Jehan Younger. Peña. Risking the Unthinkable. 2010.[3] • Carrie-Anne Moss . com/ entertainment/ columnists/ bruce_kirkland/ 2010/ 06/ 13/ 14374201.com/work/451644) at Allmovie Unthinkable (http://www. FBI director who assigns the interrogation[3] Stephen Root .Charles Thomson Necar Zadegan . antiwar. Yusuf's wife Michael Rose .com/title/tt0914863/) at the Internet Movie Database Unthinkable (http://www. 2010. [Unthinkable] is about the age-old question.uk/2010/08/unthinkable/) at Blueprint: Review (http:// blueprintreview. June 15. a member of the FBI team[3] • Benito Martinez . http:/ / www.''Unthinkable'' 42 Critical Reception Policy adviser Charles V. an American Muslim who has planted nuclear bombs in three U. seanax. Movie Review: "Unthinkable – Pro-Torture Barbarism Emerges.Yusuf Atta Mohammed / Steven Arthur Younger.Agent DJ Jackson.S. Cast • Samuel L. in American Cinema". September 17. DVDs for 06/15/10 – The Book of Eli.imdb. Mystery Train and Divided Heaven..Jack Saunders. com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ic261f4f6bfdb7bc4737cf3bb80a2227f).Henry Harold Humphries aka 'H'.Alvarez.Agent Vincent.. A similar point is raised by DVD columnist Sean Axmaker who calls the film "a clumsy polemic that bounces between the boundaries of stage-play debate and torture porn spectacle" [6] . [4] Charles V. 2010 http:/ / www.. In the end. torontosun. com/ title/ tt0914863/ ) [2] http:/ / www. com/ pena/ 2010/ 09/ 16/ risking-the-unthinkable/ [5] Matthew Alford. a black-ops agent assigned to interrogate Yusuf.Agent Phillips[3] Martin Donovan . cities.Agent Helen Brody.co. but does provide plenty of food for thought" [4] Entertainment analyst Matthew Alford argues that "the aesthetic realism and apparent seriousness of Unthinkable is a mask for the absurdity of its content and reactionary politics" making it more than just a "nightmare scenario" but rather "a white paper from Freddy Krueger" [5] . The Hollywood Reporter.uk/) . Yet Again. Unthinkable doesn’t answer the question. August 10.

''Mother and Child (film)'' 43 Mother and Child (film) Mother and Child Australian theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Rodrigo García Barcha Lisa Maria Falcone Julie Lynn Rodrigo García Naomi Watts Annette Bening Kerry Washington Jimmy Smits Samuel L. and stars Naomi Watts.898 Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Mother and Child is an American drama film directed and written by Rodrigo García Barcha. Kerry Washington and Shareeka Epps. 2009 (TIFF) May 7. Jackson David Morse Ed Shearmur Music by Cinematography Xavier Pérez Grobet Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Steven Weisberg Everest Entertainment Mockingbird Pictures Sony Pictures Classics September 14. 2009 at the 2009 . It premiered on September 14.175. Annette Bening. 2010 125 minutes United States English $7 million $3.

2010. Stone Marc Blucas as Steven Carla Gallo as Tracy Tatyana Ali as Maria Jimmy Smits as Paco Brittany Robertson as Violet Cherry Jones as Sister Joanne Elpidia Carrillo as Sofia S. Epatha Merkerson as Ada Ahmed Best as Julian Eileen Ryan as Nora Latanya Richardson as Carol Lisa Gay Hamilton as Leticia Elizabeth Pena as Amanda . she's a fast-talking lawyer who's just landed a high-profile job at a firm fronted by Paul (Samuel L. Lucy is devastated. eventually deciding that adoption is the best bet to start a family with her husband. Upon meeting laid-back Paco (Jimmy Smits). They fall in love. One year later Karen finds out about the letter and she visits her grandchild who just happens to live in the same neighbourhood. On the surface it appears that Elizabeth (Naomi Watts) is none the worse for never knowing her biological mother. Karen permits her anxiety and mistrust to get the best of her. Jackson). just after giving birth to her. up for adoption. and she gets unintendedly pregnant. Elizabeth dies while giving birth to her child. but changes her mind after giving birth.[3] 44 Plot About 37 years ago Karen (Annette Bening) gave her daughter. Elizabeth. Meanwhile. Karen deposits a letter for her daughter. She deposits a letter for her biological mother in the organization that arranged the adoption.[2] It was given a limited release in the United States beginning May 7. No one claimed the child and Lucy adopts Elizabeth's baby girl.''Mother and Child (film)'' Toronto International Film Festival[1] and at the Sundance Film Festival on January 23. The decision to abandon her child has always haunted her. Joseph (David Ramsey). like her daughter did for her. when she was herself only 14 years old. She breaks up with him and quits her job without explanation. Jackson as Paul Shareeka Epps as Ray David Morse as Tom Amy Brenneman as Dr. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Naomi Watts as Elizabeth Annette Bening as Karen Kerry Washington as Lucy Samuel L. maternal-minded baker Lucy (Kerry Washington) longs to experience the joys of motherhood. 2010. She agrees. The pregnant woman that does not want to keep her son after he is born interrogates Lucy to find out if she can have him.

[5] "Samuel L. variety. 2010. 2010.com/motherandchildmovie/) Mother and Child (http://www. .[5] Reception The movie has been met with generally positive reviews. metacritic. Watts star in 'Mother'" (http:/ / www. html). net/ films. Todd (September 16. Julie Lynn through Mockingbird Films took over in late 2008 with a production budget of $7 million. 2009). Reed Business Information. [3] "Mother and Child Release" (http:/ / www. . 2009. com/ review/ VE1117941105. . "Bening. com/ new/ Sundance-Review-Mother-And-Child-16778. com/ article/ VR1117995330. Focus Films and Universal Studios. 2008). com/ film/ titles/ motherandchild). php?id=52452). Retrieved 12 May 2010. com/ m/ mother_and_child/ ). CraveOnline. net/ news/ movienews. "Mother and Child: TIFF Review" (http:/ / www.boxofficemojo. Patrick (November 5. . rottentomatoes. Katey (January 28. External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.net. Retrieved March 22.com/title/tt1121977/) at the Internet Movie Database Mother and Child (http://www. [6] "Mother and Child Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www.com/motherandchild/) Official Mother and Child Facebook Page (http://www. php?id=50322).htm) at Box Office Mojo Mother and Child (http://www. Rotten Tomatoes. cinemablend. comingsoon. Retrieved March 22. Jackson Joins Mother and Child" (http:/ / www. [2] Rich. [7] "Mother and Child Reviews at Metacritic. 2010). CraveOnline. Cinema Blend LLC. Retrieved June 1. garnering an 79% approval rating from Rotten Tomatoes and a weighted average score of 64 at Metacritic. ComingSoon. [4] Frater.com. Retrieved March 22.metacritic.''Mother and Child (film)'' 45 Production Originally going to be produced by Cha Cha Cha Films. 2010.com/m/mother_and_child/) at Rotten Tomatoes Mother and Child (http://www. 2010. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). . Retrieved 12 May 2010. html?categoryid=2863& cs=1). variety.imdb. January 30.[6] [7] The movie was awarded by the Grand Prix du Jury 2010 at the Deauville American Film Festival (France) References [1] McCarthy. Variety.com" (http:/ / www. Retrieved March 22.com/movies/?id=motherandchild. CinemaBlend.net. 2010. . . ComingSoon. Variety (Reed Business Information). Metacritic. "Sundance Review: Mother And Child" (http:/ / www.facebook.rottentomatoes. comingsoon.com/film/titles/motherandchild) at Metacritic .[4] Principal photography began in January 2009.sonyclassics.

Pierre Harry Kloor Helen Pao-Yun Huang Jeff Tzong-Jer Yang Executive: Tom Teng [1] Teddy Zee [1] [4] Ellen Goldsmith-Vein Jon Vein [1] [2] Produced by Written by Starring Harry Kloor • • • • • • • • • • • • • Chris Pine Amanda Peet Samuel L. Jackson Hayden Christensen James Earl Jones Sandra Oh William Shatner Mark Hamill Doug Jones Abigail Breslin Spencer Breslin Robert Picardo Brent Spiner [5] Music by Shawn K. Clement Cinematography Christopher Courtois Editing by Distributed by Dan Gutman • • Lions Gate Entertainment [6] Jupiter 9 Productions .''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' 46 Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey Directed by • • • • • • • • • • Harry Kloor [1] [3] Daniel St.

produced all talent recordings and. Pierre.[14] [16] Quantum Quest will be released in both IMAX format and regular theaters worldwide.[15] Final images and radar data. put together the . representing billions of dollars of NASA investment. who has led the design of deep-space robotic missions to Mars.5 billion dollar) reached its target and sent back its discoveries. CEO of Zero Gravity Corporation.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget January 13. 2010 45 minutes United States English $10 million [7] 47 Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey (originally titled as 2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey) is a 2010 animated educational sci-fi adventure film. Actual production on the film could not begin until the Cassini/Huygens (a $3. a year before the launch of the Cassini-Huygens mission. the Distinguished Service Medal. space missions and includes footage from the Cassini-Huygens. Michael York. enabling the film to proceed. committed to financing the film and providing animation.[14] [15] [16] Setting yet another precedent.[7] Anousheh Ansari.. combining state-of-the-art CGI with real images and radar data from the ongoing Cassini-Huygen.[14] [15] [16] The 3D. Kloor started development of the Quantum Quest film project in 1996.[15] In 2007. Inc. Mars Odyssey. and discovery. Quantum Quest is the first film featuring Neil Armstrong. SOHO.[8] written by Harry 'Doc' Kloor and directed by Kloor and Dan St. featuring a cast of major actors providing their voices to the characters. The voice cast originally included Christian Slater. John Travolta. Uranus. Mars Odyssey. Saturn. set in an imaginary universe and intended to create a family-friendly film experience [14] [15] [16] [17] The film was tied into 7 on-going that entertains while educating viewers about our solar system. Digimax. SOHO. Stereo mission to the Sun.[9] [10] [11] [12] [13] Quantum Quest is a science fiction film that takes the viewer on an atomic adventure in space. Samuel L. while Dr. one of Asia’s leading 3D animation studios. Venus Express. Working on two continents. Mars Express. the world’s first female private space explorer and serial entrepreneur and co-founder and chairman of Prodea Systems. this is the first where NASA initiated the project with an independent filmmaker in order to create an animated fiction film to be based upon on-going missions.[18] Other educational ambassadors are NASA’s liaison on the film.[14] This film. and Neptune and has received NASA’s highest award. Chairman & Co-Founder of the Rocket Racing League and co-Founder of the International Space University. science. the first man to walk on the moon. in concert with the film’s composer Shawn Clement. providing a partial radar map. Kloor and his Jupiter 9 Productions assembled a stellar voice cast.[20] Production Background Dr. Jackson. Charles Kohlhase. Taiwan based Digimax undertook the entire animation pre-production and production task in Taiwan with a team of international artists. were released by NASA in 2008. and James Earl Jones. and Mercury Messenger space missions. and Mercury Messenger space missions. large format CGI-animated educational film interweaves actual space imagery captured from ongoing NASA missions with an adventure. Jupiter.[14] [15] The film is 45 minutes long and will integrate pre and post theater educational program for K – 12 students that exceed Federal and State educational guidelines. was initiated by JPL/NASA through a grant from Jet Propulsion Lab via the international Cassini Huygens mission to Saturn. Sarah Michelle Gellar.[14] [15] [16] Though other missions have been seen in film projects.[19] and Dr. Peter Diamandis. Chairman and CEO of the X PRIZE Foundation (which awarded the $10M Ansari X PRIZE). who lends his voice to a character and serves as one of four distinguished education ambassadors. Venus Express.[15] Quantum Quest is a precedent-setting film. Mars Express.

layout artist.[26] Following Disney. The Cable Guy. is a producer. and by Jupiter 9 Productions in all other territories. he earned the unique status of being the first and. Indecent Proposal.[26] St. Mo' Money and The Replacement Killers.[23] He also played a key role in developing the hit TV series Earth: Final Conflict. He-Man and the Masters of the Universe. production and distribution of computer animated films and . Star Trek VI.[23] [25] His writing credits include Star Trek: Voyager and the animated series Godzilla.[26] His directing debut came when IDT Entertainment called him to assist with the completion of Christopher Reeve’s animated film Everyone's Hero. Dr. background painter. Digimax engages in the investment.[22] [29] As a leading company in Asia. and West 32nd. has a varied history in the motion picture industry. producer. Kloor has produced and directed a variety of commercials and industrial documentaries and has published stories in various newspapers and scientific publications. and Earth: Final Conflict.[26] He began as an Assistant Layout Artist at Filmation Studios and worked as a storyboard artist.[15] Digimax Inc Digimax. the only person in the world to simultaneously earn two doctorates. and Taiwan government designated flagship company for the digital content industry. and Robert A.[26] Teddy Zee. executive produced Pursuit of Happyness and Life or Something Like It. and was the executive in charge of films such as Charlie’s Angels. to date. forming partnerships with Marvel Entertainment and Paramount Pictures to use their iconic properties such as Spider-Man and Star Trek to advance science. Heinlein.[27] He produced Hitch. which garnered the Academy Award in Science and Technology for the acclaimed Deep Canvas process. St. Inc. both earned at Purdue University. Saving Face. Pierre supervised design for many of Disney's blockbuster films and ultimately was art director for Tarzan.[23] [25] He has served as Science Advisor to the famed X Prize organization.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' post sound and music package. is an international award-winning digital content company.[23] [25] Dr. developed. Anaconda.[28] Goldsmith-Vein was a producer on the worldwide smash hit The Spiderwick Chronicles. Pierre. one in Physics and the other in Chemistry. Kloor founded a National Science Outreach Program at Purdue University in 1991. Ellen Goldsmith-Vein. Inc: Quantum Quest was initiated by Kloor through Jupiter 9 Productions at JPL in 1996.[26] St.[23] [24] [25] In 1994. Fools Rush In. executive and former studio executive whose films he acquired. Digimax.6 billion at the box office. My Girl.[27] Zee also executive [27] produced the Asian Excellence Awards.[15] The company has a substantial development slate of live action and animated feature projects. producer. director.[23] [25] Daniel St. Mike Resnick. Stephen King’s Sleepwalkers. development. and The Real Ghostbusters. recognized as one of the leading creator-driven management and production firms in the entertainment industry. and animator on many hit television series including.[21] [22] The film will be distributed and marketed in Asia by Digimax. produced and/or managed have grossed over $2.[15] Jupiter 9 Productions has been involved in production and consulting services to leading Science and Technology firms. and has worked in advancing science literacy to the public for over 20 years. Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids. Pierre supervised motion picture development at Dreamworks Animation and handled Production Design on the hit film Shark Tale. is CEO and founder of The Gotham Group. First Knight. Inc: Founded in 1990.[22] 48 Staff Harry 'Doc' Kloor has 15 years experience writing/developing films and TV series. Pierre made the switch to Feature Animation when hired by The Walt Disney Company as a layout artist on The Little Mermaid.[28] Production companies Lions Gate Family Entertainment Jupiter 9 Productions. Anderson. and provided these same services to a host of television and film companies. several of which are based on award-winning novels from Kevin J.[28] Goldsmth-Vein and The Gotham Group currently have a diverse slate of over 30 feature films set up at various studios. and earned him an Annie Award nomination for Art Direction.

The message scroll is partially damaged. so David does not know who the space commander is. She asks her mentor. and knowledge to Earth. The Ranger crashes through the wall into David. places a sun filter over a telescope to view sun spots. a young Photon who should have begun his travel to the surface a million years ago. into "The Hall of Destiny" where we are introduced to the main character in our story .[16] [39] [40] [41] Synopsis The story begins with the Cassini Saturn space craft releasing the Huygens Titan probe. and the opposing fleet of anti-protons. He adds that the only being who does not like the Core is a creature called the "Void" who is an ancient. The Gell-Mann ghosts (nasty creatures) surround them.[42] We transition through a plasma wall. the mentor begins to spin a tale. We then transition to earth. 2006. The little girl laughs. The Core. to deliverer a message to the Cassini Space Core Commander. Eventually he finds Milton. but as a mentor. quarks. Is he good. Brent Spiner.[42] David's journey takes him through the solar system." Knowing this means she wants a story. and ask him to deliver it while the Ranger holds the ghosts at bay.[22] [29] Also. The Ranger is trying to get to Saturn (other side of the Sun). we transition to the Sun. Jeana.[42] Back in the Sun. and head toward the center. the company received “Grand Prize” from 2008 Tokyo International Anime Fair. until they get captured by the "Dark Side of the Moon". and who sits at the edge of the solar system. the world largest anime fair. and watching a Sun Spot spin into view. we dive into and pass through the chromosphere. tries to get him moving on his journey. Digimax is aiming to develop original characters and contents for worldwide audiences of all ages. The only way to escape is to give the message scroll to David.[30] This year. this one. He explains that the "man in the sun is called the Core" and spins a story how he is good and that his children "photons" are sent out to chase away the darkness. The mentor lays down the basis of our story as we travel through the sun. A character we call "The Ranger. who is a neutrino scout.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' related products. who surfs the solar winds.[32] [33] [34] [35] [36] and is now expected to be released in 2010.[42] We cut to the Kuiper Belt where a large space battle rages between two fleets . the film has had proposed release dates for 2004. she says "No I meant bright. to an exploration of the moons of Saturn. Doug Jones and Jason Alexander. In most drawings the sun has a big smile. Jammer. Chris Pine. where a 12-year-old girl. warmth. 2007. like the man in the moon. being who existed before the Big Bang.[22] [29] The company has partnered with The Gotham Group to co-produce CG movies since 2003.[11] [37] [38] Excerpts were shown at the 2008 ComicCon in San Diego which featured voice cameos from actors William Shatner. is also educational. for its CG film Adventures in the NPM. David sails through the sun and encounters a "surfer dude" Solar Proton. but he knows that he . malevolent. 2005. bright like happy.David.Electronic Theater. and bring life. and 2009. while entertaining. an older photon character who is mining for free quarks.[29] [31] 49 Release dates Originally intended for a 2004 television release as 2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey.[29] The company’s CG short Heavy Duty has been accepted by ACM SIGGRAPH 2008 Computer Animation Festival and ACM SIGGRAPH ASIA 2008 Computer Animation Festival . makes it through the battle lines and heads to the sun. Milton teaches David introductory material about electrons. The two evade the evil/comical forces of the Void. an African American Professor "Why is the Sun so bright?" This leads the professor to launch into a scientific explanation about fusion.one composed of protons. but David is fearful.[42] As he speaks. etc. co-produced by Digimax and National Palace Museum in Taiwan. having played this trick on her mentor many times.[42] In the process of escaping we learn about the fundamental modes of motion and introduce basic quantum concepts. scheming to stop the Core. David is kicking Solid Light sculptures into a plasma fountain. followed by some imaginary creatures called Gell-Mann ghosts. protons.

They do this with the help of Jammer.[16] [43] [44] Cast as of 2008 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Chris Pine as Dave Amanda Peet as Rayna Samuel L. and as Jeana accesses the Web page of JPL. teaches David about spectra. At the July 2008 ComicCon in San Diego. and through a system of antennas. in the course of determining the danger. who. director Adrian Carr and actor David Warner left the project. they save the antenna of the ship from a beam of anti-matter sent by the Void. Jackson as Fear Hayden Christensen as Jammer James Earl Jones as the Admiral Sandra Oh as Gal 2000 William Shatner as the Core Robert Picardo as Milton Brent Spiner as Coach MacKey Mark Hamill as Void Jason Alexander as Moronic Tom Kenny as Ignorance Janina Gavankar as Nikki Neil Armstrong as Dr. etc. the mission of the space craft. different radiation bands used for remote sensing. is processed. David discovers that he is the Space Core Commander (all this time. because something bad will happen. GAL 2000. In the end. searching for himself). inception through 2007 • • • • • • • • • • • • • John Travolta as Dave Sarah Michelle Gellar as Rayna Michael York as the Core Jim Meskimen as Ignorance David Warner as Void Samuel L.[32] [33] [34] [35] Cast.[42] He gets inside the Cassini craft and encounters the ship's computer.[42] 50 Cast (voices) The film's cast and crew had gone through few changes during the first 7 years of production. Jackson as Fear Anne Archer as Gal 2000 Christian Slater as Jammer Robert Picardo as Milton Tait Ruppert as Moronic Lacey Chabert as Jeanna James Earl Jones as The Professor Casey Kasem as Himself In 2007.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' needs to get to the Cassini Space craft. He leads the transmission back to Earth. a modified cast was revealed who are expected to see the film through to completion and release. he flies through the screen and enters Jeana's eye. Jack Morrow Abigail Breslin as Jeana Doug Jones as Razer / Zero Spencer Breslin as Anthony Gary Graham as Green Jason Harris as Announcer .

"Comic Con 08: Chris Pine Talks Quantum Quest. cinemablend. cine5x. Retrieved 2008-11-11. something that the film tries to impart to the audience. html). [8] Nash. ". [10] Mark Scarboro. [2] "Harry Doc Kloor" (http:/ / movies. cinemablend. Clement integrated sounds and space noise provided by NASA into the music. [18] Anthony Pascale (July 25. . "Scobra Aka Mark scarboro" (http:/ / www. [16] Josh Tyler (July 8."[13] Chris Pine: (stated) that making the film "was a blast" and that he has always wanted to do voice work.com. . space. .com. nytimes. com/ geekend/ ?p=3069). [14] "About the movie" (http:/ / www. . and photons and neutrinos. [9] "(archived) SMG in an Animated TV Film : 2004 A Light Knight’s Odyssey" (http:/ / www. qqthemovie. 2008).com. . com/ 5023056/ stargates-commander-makes-movie-for-genius-kids). Retrieved 2008-10-31. [15] "Quantum Quest" (http:/ / jupiter9productions.A Cassini Space Odyssey" underway by Digimax Studios in Taiwan" (http:/ / www. com/ Story. "Comic Con 08: Chris Pine Talks Quantum Quest. Retrieved 2008-10-31. Retrieved 2008-10-31. space. . ... 2009). AllMovie. aspx). 2008. aspx). Retrieved 2008-11-01. com/ person/ 921421/ Harry-Doc-Kloor/ filmography). cine5x. html). info/ SMG-in-an-Animated-Tv-Film-2004-A. Retrieved October 31. [13] Anthony Pascale (July 25. 2008. com. com/ missionlaunches/ 060915_ansari_qna. hollywood. scifiwebchannel. Nicole Bremer (August 17. Retrieved November 2. and served as Post Audio Producer on the film. "professional milestone: 2007-08 NASA/JPL coordinator for $10M IMAX edutainment production "Quantum Quest . com/ Artists/ ArtistDetail/ 0. .[45] Quotes Robert Picardo: "I had not yet seen the full animation. Retrieved November 2. "What geek movie is worth paying theater prices to see?" (http:/ / blogs. Retrieved 2009-08-27. artshow. [4] "Ellen Goldsmith-Vein" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-10-31. com/ kohlhase/ bio.com. yamaha.com. . 2008).com. AllMovie.. [17] "Stargate's Commander Makes Movie For Genius Kids" (http:/ / io9. html). . Jr. Retrieved October 31.com. html). September 1. hollywood. . com/ pelicula/ quantum-quest_-a-cassini-space-odyssey/ ). Star Trek and Shatner" (http:/ / trekmovie.It'll teach kids something about quantum physics while they're watching a really cool IMAX animated film". jupiter9productions. trelmovie. the First Female Space Tourist" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-10-31. qqthemovie.com (Turkish). who recorded his score with an 80-piece ensemble of the Skywalker Symphony Orchestra at the Skywalker Scoring Stage north of San Francisco. nytimes. 2003.com. com/ 2008/ 07/ 25/ comic-con-08-chris-pine-talks-quantum-quest-star-trek-and-shatner/ ). Retrieved 2008-10-31. theiapolis. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 2008. org/ mov/ 0312305/ quantum-quest-a-cassini-space-odyssey. com/ person/ 1200511/ Daniel-St-Pierre/ filmography). as Pilot 51 Music The score to Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey was composed by Shawn K.com.com. [6] "Jupiter 9 Productions" (http:/ / jupiter9productions.[13] References [1] "Quantum Quest production credits in film overview" (http:/ / cinema. nextcat. 2008.00. com/ ).com. [3] "Daniel St Pierre" (http:/ / movies. html). . turkcealtyazi. "Thursday Schedule For San Diego Comic Con: Quantum Quest" (http:/ / www. . 2008. 2006). Clement.. 2008).''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' • Casey Kasem as Himself • Herb Jefferson. com/ scobra). jupiter9productions. "Interview with Anousheh Ansari. html).[46] "This is the kind of project I am really proud to be a part of because it really encourages people to become passionate about space and space science. [5] "Shawn Clement" (https:/ / www. .CNTID%253D33364%2526CTID%253D551077%2526CNTYP%253DARTIST.[13] He also noted how in making the film he has learned a lot about science. whedon. [11] "Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey (2010)" (http:/ / www. nextcat. Retrieved October 31. Tech Republic. com/ celebrity/ Ellen_GoldsmithVein/ 1124799).com. .com. [7] Charles Kohlhase (NASA). yamaha.. trekmovie. . [19] Sara Goudarzi (September 15.". Star Trek and Shatner" (http:/ / trekmovie. Retrieved November 2. . techrepublic. com/ 2008/ 07/ 25/ comic-con-08-chris-pine-talks-quantum-quest-star-trek-and-shatner/ ).com (Spanish). 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-31. turckcealyatzi. com/ new/ Thursday-Schedule-For-San-Diego-Comic-Con-9446. Theiapolis Cinema. Retrieved 2008-10-31. io9. com/ news. Retrieved 2008-10-31. . artshow. . com/ movie-0BZR/ quantum-quest-a-cassini-space-odyssey/ ). . [12] "Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey" (http:/ / www.

. aspx?project_id=152864). org/ conference2006/ bios/ diamandis_peter. Retrieved 2008-11-01. "Dr. com/ about/ advisoryboard. trailerfan. Retrieved 2008-11-06. showbizdata. [22] "about Digimax" (http:/ / www. [26] "Biography of Daniel St. "Doug Jones interview" (http:/ / www. "Picardo Voices Quantum Quest" (http:/ / web. realmovienews.pl (Polish). . cinema. com/ articles/ filmtv/ 04650990/ 3/ hellboys_doug_jones. Retrieved 2008-10-31. shatner-news.org. digimax. com/ film/ 9445/ 2004-a-light-knights-odyssey/ cast. July 26. [42] "Quantum Quest synopsis" (http:/ / www. aspx). digimax.com. scifi. Retrieved 2008-11-01. cinema.D. com. [33] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2005)" (http:/ / www. php?id_new=558). . Retrieved 2008-11-01. 2008).com. tcm. com. 2008). org/ web/ 20080804225430/ http:/ / www. [36] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2009)" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-11-06. Universal Consultants" (http:/ / www. filmweb. Retrieved 2008-11-04. Retrieved 2009-06-15. Chief Science Consultant. . Retrieved 2008-10-31. [46] Mike Szymanski.com. christianphotographer website. com/ newsarchive/ news_archive=01. com/ education/ gei/ profile/ show?user_id=15). Retrieved 2008-11-04. Peter Diamandis . digimax. ScoringSessions. Retrieved 2008-11-01. [40] Carrie Specht (July 31. [35] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2007)" (http:/ / www. com/ Personalities/ Zeeteddy/ zeeteddy. filmjerk. [38] "Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey" (http:/ / www. . Goldsea website. Clement scores Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey" (http:/ / www. html). com/ 2005/ speaker. kidscreensummit. tw/ siggraph2008). com/ movie/ 2004_a_light_knight_s_odyssey). scifi. com/ hr/ google/ login_subscribe. html). [32] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2004)" (http:/ / www. Chemistry" (http:/ / www. [37] "Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-11-07. Retrieved 2008-11-04. The Hollywood Reporter.Biography" (http:/ / www. [25] APS Physics. . [34] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2006) . jsp?id=nXH33mfDnH8ZLlwjPYB5kVaLXU4gP/ fwUHShYnJC1KD2YepvVlqEtJFtwQv8ODWsIWF1+ aaRc3/ l bJWZHjVU6gEtS0OBclVfr/ WEZKcuF/ AR0ApPmWTMyyn0repaDJ6Z9oAwoWUi0vZ2Ew+ t2JmfmcxI lTtQtPE4A3tHWv5WR3cQov6BKIBCkgLmPbwfw6xekt+ ugXzxFd/ 2YepvVlqEtHsP/ nfpN9SV3kkf baWqqe8=). 2008). [27] "THE 100 MOST INSPIRING ASIAN AMERICANS OF ALL TIME" (http:/ / goldsea.D Physics. 52 . bigmoviezone. . csfd. . craveonline. scifi. filmweb.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' [20] "Dr. Retrieved 2008-11-01. . pl/ f127377/ Quantum+ Quest+ A+ Cassini+ Space+ Odyssey. com/ tcmdb/ title. . com/ scifiwire/ index. [31] "digimax@SIGGRAPH 2008 Live!!" (http:/ / www. Ph. com/ project. . . com/ news/ article. aps. . [29] "Digimax history and awards" (http:/ / www. "Shawn K.Cast" (http:/ / www. qqthemovie. [24] signacert website (September 1. alaska. filmjerk.cz (Czeck).2010). . Retrieved 2008-10-31. com/ news/ 190/ ). Retrieved 2008-11-06.com. php?id=57193).com. shatner-news. . Retrieved 2008-10-31. [44] "Cast and Characters" (http:/ / www. Ph. . . Retrieved 2008-10-31. realmovienews. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. cfm). Retrieved 2008-11-04. . scoringsessions. [21] "[[3D computer graphics|3D (http:/ / www. pdf) (PDF). Retrieved 2008-10-31. Retrieved 2008-11-11. [41] "Quantum Quest": New animation film with Shatner" (http:/ / www. [30] "Gotham. Universal Consultants" (http:/ / www.com. en. . phtml). php?id=57193) on 2008-08-04. jsp?stid=536353& atid=0& category=overview). com. Harry Kloor.com. com/ about_us. inbaseline website. . qqthemovie. digimax website. com/ scifiwire/ index. inbaseline. Retrieved 2008-10-31. com/ filmsearch/ movies/ ?uniq=600). Retrieved 2008-10-31. Pierre" (http:/ / www. tcm. Digimax inc film deal" (http:/ / login. . html). . Chief Science Consultant. digimax. digimax website. php). org/ publications/ apsnews/ 199511/ kloor. cz/ film/ 35038-quantum-quest-a-cassini-space-odyssey/ ). "Dr. anoushehansari website. kidscreensummit website. signacert website. com/ Characters. [43] "Quantum Quest (3D)" (http:/ / alaska. html). Harry Kloor. Retrieved 2008-11-06. . trailerfan. . Retrieved 2008-11-04. [28] "Biography of Ellen Goldsmith-Vein" (http:/ / www2. tw/ about_us). californiaspaceauthority. . "Comic-Con for the Movie Fan: Quite Underwhelming" (http:/ / www. [23] "Biography of Doctor Harry Kloor.com. showbizdata.com. anoushehansari. Retrieved 2008-10-31. com. APS website. cgi?aid=508278). .com. digimax website. Retrieved 2008-11-06. craveonline. digimax website. archive. . vnuemedia. com/ movies/ 8096). californiaspaceauthority.com. tw/ history). [45] Dan Goldwasser (2009-06-15).bigmoviezone. 2008. christianphotographer.com. tw/ 3d)] Featue Animation"]. [39] Fred Topel (July 10. com/ movie/ 234441/ 2004--A-Light-Knights-Odyssey). csfd. signacert.

com/) .imdb.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' 53 External links • Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey (http://www.qqthemovie.com/title/tt0312305/) at the Internet Movie Database • Quantum Quest Official Website (http://www.

2009 (Cannes) August 20. 2009 (United States) 153 minutes Germany United States French English German Italian US$70 million [2] [1] Running time Country Language Budget .''Inglourious Basterds'' 54 Inglourious Basterds Inglourious Basterds Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Quentin Tarantino Brad Pitt Mélanie Laurent Christoph Waltz Michael Fassbender Eli Roth Daniel Brühl Diane Kruger Til Schweiger Cinematography Robert Richardson Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Sally Menke A Band Apart Studio Babelsberg The Weinstein Company Universal Pictures May 20. 2009 (Germany) August 21.

He tells the soldiers that they each owe him one hundred Nazi scalps. The film was successful at the box office. including eight Academy Award nominations. Donny. The film went into production in October 2008 and was filmed in Germany and France with a production budget of $70 million. when Tarantino wrote the script for the film. Development on Inglourious Basterds began in 1998. Plot In 1941. The film tells the fictional story of two plots to assassinate the Nazi Germany political leadership. First Lieutenant Aldo Raine (Brad Pitt) is tasked to recruit a team of eight Jewish-American soldiers for a mission to go behind enemy lines and bring fear to all German servicemen. Shosanna realizes that the presence of several high-ranking Nazi officials provides an opportunity for revenge and resolves to burn down the cinema during the premiere by using a large quantity of extremely flammable nitrate film. Landa later investigates the tavern. SS Colonel Hans Landa (Christoph Waltz) arrives at a dairy farm in France to interrogate Perrier Lapadite (Denis Menochet) about rumors that he is hiding the Jewish Dreyfus family. Raine interrogates von Hammersmark. is interviewed by Adolf Hitler (Martin Wuttke). Mélanie Laurent. of the Gestapo. making it Tarantino's highest-grossing film to date. Tarantino returned to work on Inglourious Basterds. whom Landa allows to escape. It has received multiple awards and nominations. After directing Death Proof in 2007 (as part of the double feature Grindhouse). Landa then orders the SS soldiers into the house to shoot the floorboards where they are hiding. She meets Fredrick Zoller (Daniel Brühl).''Inglourious Basterds'' Gross revenue $320. a German sniper whose exploits are to be celebrated in a Nazi propaganda film. Tarantino struggled with the ending and chose to hold off filming and moved on to direct the two-part movie Kill Bill. and upon learning that Hitler will be attending the premiere. one planned by a young French Jewish cinema proprietor (Laurent). except the teenage Shosanna (Mélanie Laurent). and the other by a team of Jewish Allied soldiers led by First Lieutenant Aldo Raine (Pitt). The resulting standoff erupts into a firefight. a soldier named Butz (Sönke Möhring). . Bridget von Hammersmark (Diane Kruger). Inglourious Basterds premiered on May 20. Butz then reveals that Raine carved a swastika into his forehead with a knife. Stolz der Nation (Nation's Pride). The British learn of the premiere and dispatch Lieutenant Archie Hicox (Michael Fassbender) to infiltrate the event aided by the Basterds and German film actress and double agent. In June 1944.773 [3] 55 Inglourious Basterds is a 2009 war film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino and starring Brad Pitt. Shosanna has assumed a new identity as "Emmanuelle Mimieux" and is operating a cinema in Paris. as well as the BAFTA Award. and Omar (Omar Doom) will pose as von Hammersmark's Italian escorts at the premiere. where it competed for the Palme d'Or. 2009 at the 62nd Cannes Film Festival.351. Golden Globe and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.351. Zoller is attracted to Shosanna and convinces Joseph Goebbels (Sylvester Groth) to hold the premiere of his film at Shosanna's cinema. Landa persuades the farmer to confess to hiding the family underneath his floor. grossing $320. The entire family is killed. It was widely released in theaters in the United States and Europe in August 2009 by The Weinstein Company and Universal Studios. leaving everyone dead except von Hammersmark. They operate with a "take no prisoners" attitude and come to be known as the "Basterds". Hicox and two of the German-born Basterds meet with von Hammersmark at a tavern where Major Dieter Hellstrom (August Diehl). retrieving von Hammersmark's shoe and an autographed napkin. Christoph Waltz won the Best Actor Award at the Cannes Film Festival.773 in theaters worldwide. Butz's account of the attack is shown in flashback: his squad was ambushed and his sergeant (Richard Sammel) was beaten to death with a baseball bat by Staff Sergeant Donny Donowitz (Eli Roth). Christoph Waltz. In the spring of 1944. Eli Roth and Diane Kruger. notices Hicox's odd accent and that he gives the wrong (non-German) three-fingered order for drinks. One survivor of an attack by the Basterds. For his role as Hans Landa. known by the Germans as "The Bear Jew". devises a plan whereby he.

Zoller goes to the projection room to see Shosanna and confronts her angrily due to multiple rejections of his advances from the beginning. Marcel (Jacky Ido). ignites the nitrate film stacked behind the screen. using his script for Pulp Fiction as a guide to the right length. who has locked and bolted all the exits of the cinema. she shoots him multiple times. Omar and Donowitz successfully attack and kill Goebbels and Hitler.[17] [18] When asked for an explanation of the film's title . Convinced to his satisfaction that she is in league with the Basterds. "This just might be my masterpiece". I won't be period specific about the movie. It's about filling in the viscera.[11] At this point. Tarantino had produced three nearly finished scripts.[9] "I'm going to find a place that actually resembles. [It's] my Dirty Dozen or Where Eagles Dare or Guns of Navarone kind of thing. Raine then shoots the radio operator and orders Utivich to scalp the dead man.[13] He then planned to begin production of Inglourious Basterds in 2005. but the sense of humor differs in each. I'm not just gonna play a lot of Édith Piaf and Andrews Sisters. Landa and his radio operator drive Raine and Utivich to the American lines. all his movies make the audience laugh at things that aren't supposed to be funny.[4] 56 Production Development and writing Tarantino spent just over a decade writing the script for the film because.[14] The title of the film was inspired by the English title of director Enzo G. in one way or another. He described the men as "not your normal hero types that are thrown into a big deal in the Second World War". That will really be my spaghetti Western but with World War II iconography. the Spanish locales they had in spaghetti westerns – a no man's land." meaning the story kept growing and expanding.[5] [6] Tarantino viewed the script as his masterpiece in the making. Landa makes a deal with Raine's commanding officer (Harvey Keitel) to be granted a full military pension and American citizenship. he became "too precious about the page. The film is then interrupted by an inserted close-up of Shosanna informing the audience that they are going to be killed by a Jew.[14] The revised premise focused on a group of soldiers who escape from their executions and embark on a mission to help the Allies. Tarantino found Inglourious Basterds to be a bigger film than planned and saw that other directors were working on World War II films. Novak) to be arrested. and he ultimately directed a part of the 2007 Grindhouse instead. proclaiming [12] Consequently. I can have rap. Castellari's 1978 war film. Raine then carves a swastika into Landa's forehead proclaiming. He then orders Raine and Utivich (B. When his back is turned. and I can do whatever I want. At the same time. but he manages to shoot her dead before succumbing to his wounds. before returning to work on Inglourious Basterds.[16] This project foundered as well. The Inglorious Bastards. Landa asks to see von Hammersmark privately. Tarantino decided to hold off production of Inglourious Basterds and instead take an acting role in Takashi Miike's spaghetti western movie Sukiyaki Western Django and film a kung fu movie entirely in Mandarin.[11] After the completion of Kill Bill. allowing Utivich to handcuff him." director held off his planned film and moved on to direct the two-part movie Kill Bill (2003–2004). Quentin Tarantino [10] By 2002. the that it was "some of the best writing I've ever done. During the film."[8] According to Tarantino. killing everyone inside. then shoot into the crowd of panicking Nazis until the timers on their bombs go off and destroy the cinema.''Inglourious Basterds'' At the premiere. Tarantino went back to his first storyline draft and came up with the idea of turning it into a mini-series. J. where he makes her try on the shoe. it was kind of a no man's land. so he felt it had to become the best thing he had ever written. But the thing is. Instead he trimmed the script. and according to the deal. Landa surrenders to Raine and hands over his weapons. in exchange for allowing Donny and Omar—still seated in the cinema—to kill the Nazi high command. as he told Charlie Rose in an interview.[15] In November 2004. he strangles her to death. Shosanna's employee and lover.[7] Tarantino described an early premise of the film as his "bunch-of-guys-on-a-mission film. With US soldiers and French peasants and the French resistance and German occupation troops. But I couldn't come up with an ending. To Landa's shock.

Jackson and Harvey Keitel.[34] Taylor initially recommended British actor Albert Finney for the role during their conversation. J. who. had inquired about being in the movie since Myers' parents were in the British Armed Forces.[24] The role ultimately went to an Austrian. Roth also directed the film-within-the-film. but agreed to take the part because of Tarantino's "passion. "I'm never going to explain that".[30] Irish actor Michael Fassbender began final negotiations to join the cast as Hicox in August 2008.[26] Tarantino asked Adam Sandler to play the role of Donny Donowitz."[18] [20] Tarantino later stated in an interview that the misspelled title is "a Basquiat-esque touch. Archie Hicox. but said. were both cut from the final film due to length reasons. Festival. including a lisp. By the time he had finished writing. Christoph Waltz. Taylor watched dozens of DVDs with footage of Churchill in order to get the Prime Minister's posture. Novak.[37] [38] Bo Svenson.''Inglourious Basterds'' spelling during a news conference at the Cannes Film Festival. make small voice-only contributions as the narrator and an OSS commander. great because my country is in ruins. but came out of retirement when Tarantino offered him the role of Winston Churchill in the film. He previously cameoed as a German in his own Inglorious Bastards and reprised the same role in this movie. was also cast in August 2008 as Private First Class Smithson Utivich. Tarantino said. Nation's Pride.[19] When pushed on it."[25] Pitt and Tarantino had wanted to work together for a number of years. Mrs. but Sandler declined due to schedule conflicts with the film Funny People. who is a fan of Tarantino.[30] The Office actor and writer.[41] [42] Christoph Waltz at the 2009 Cannes Film . and voice."[34] Mike Myers.[34] In preparation for the role.[31] Tarantino talked to actress Nastassja Kinski about playing the role of Bridget Von Hammersmark and even flew to Germany to meet her. but the actor was forced to drop out due to scheduling difficulties with Spielberg's Tintin adaptation. "The Basterds? That's just the way you say it: Basterds. "gave me my movie" as he feared the part was "unplayable. he sensed that Pitt was a strong possibility for the role of Aldo Raine. who starred in Castellari's The Inglorious Bastards. played by Cloris Leachman and Maggie Cheung respectively.[35] In terms of the character's dialect. who have both previously starred in Tarantino's films. according to Tarantino."[21] He further commented on Late Show with David Letterman that Inglourious Basterds is the "Tarantino way of spelling it. body language. respectively. but can be seen more closely in the Nation's Pride trailer.[26] When Tarantino was half way through the script for Inglourious Basterds.[40] Two characters. "a New York-born soldier of 'slight build'". correct.[27] Eli Roth was cast in the role instead.[39] Samuel L. Castellari also makes a cameo appearance in the film. also has a small cameo in the movie.[28] which used 300 extras.[29] The director also wanted to cast Simon Pegg in the film as Lt."[22] 57 Casting Tarantino originally sought Leonardo DiCaprio to be cast as Hans Landa. but were forced to wait for the right project. Tarantino thought Pitt "would be terrific" and called Pitt's agent to ask if he was available.[23] before deciding to have the character played by an older German actor. Myers felt that it was a version of Received Pronunciation meeting the officer class. but a deal could not be reached[32] and Tarantino cast Diane Kruger instead. Himmelstein and Madame Ada Mimieux. B." Director Enzo G. Tarantino would not explain the first u in Inglourious. but under a different rank and SS organization.[27] [33] Rod Taylor was effectively retired from acting and no longer had a talent agent. but mostly an [36] attitude of "I'm fed up with this war and if this dude can end it.

Mélanie Laurent.[57] [58] The first full teaser trailer for the film premiered on Entertainment Tonight on February 10.[60] The trailer features excerpts of Lt.[44] [45] The Weinstein Company co-financed the film and distributed it in the United States. and shooting started that week. 2009.[43] In July 2008. [67] however. and A Basterd's Work is Never Done. EFX Group with Greg Nicotero[53] and much of the film was shot and edited in the Babelsberg Studios in Potsdam.[66] Some European cinemas.000°F).[51] [52] Special effects were handled by K. 2008.S. and signed a deal with Universal Pictures to finance the rest of the film and distribute it internationally. release date of August 21.[48] [49] [50] Filming was scheduled to begin on October 13. informing them of the plan to ambush and kill.[63] The film was released on August 19.[65] It was released in Germany on August 20.[56] Release When the final draft of the script was finished. but the steel liquefied.''Inglourious Basterds'' 58 Pre-production and filming Tarantino teamed with The Weinstein Company to prepare what he planned to be his epic masterpiece for production. a small spa town near the German border with the Czech Republic. it was leaked on the Internet and several Tarantino fan sites began posting reviews and excerpts from the script. this does not apply to "works of art" according to German law.[59] and was shown in US theaters the following week attached to Friday the 13th. and scalp unwitting Nazi Eli Roth. allowing him time to finish assembling several scenes that were not completed in time for the hurried Cannes premiere. Tarantino and executive producers Harvey and Bob Weinstein set up an accelerated production schedule to be completed for release at the Cannes Film Festival in 2009.N.[71] .200°C (2. torture.[54] Roth claimed that they "almost got incinerated". Germany[1] and in Bad Schandau.[46] [47] Germany and France were scheduled as filming locations and principal photography started in October 2008 on location in Germany. so that Nazi iconography could stylize the letter "O". as it was fastened with steel cables.[69] Though the advertisement posters and wallpapers must not show Nazi iconography.[55] Following the film's screening at Cannes. Censorship Universal Pictures censored the film's German publicity website. where the film would compete for the Palme d'Or. 2009 in the United Kingdom and France.[70] In Poland. as the display of Nazi iconography is restricted in Germany. 2009. the artwork on all advertisements and on DVD packaging is unchanged. during the theater fire scene. The title has the swastika removed and the steel helmet has a bullet hole instead of the Nazi symbol. Tarantino stated that he would be re-editing the film in June before its ultimate theatrical release. which was considered for the title of the [62] film. showed previews starting on August 15. and producer servicemen. intercut with various other scenes from the movie.[68] The download section of the German site has been revised to exclude wallpaper downloads that feature the swastika openly. He claimed the swastika was not supposed to fall either. but it burned at 1.[61] It Lawrence Bender at a premiere for the film in also features the spaghetti-westernesque terms Once Upon A Time In August 2009 [61] Nazi Occupied France. a line not spoken in the final film (the line occurs in the script during the Bear Jew's backstory).[64] two days earlier than the U. Aldo Raine talking to the rest of the Basterds.B. as they projected the fire would burn at 400°C. so the movie itself is not censored in Germany. 2009. but the title was translated non-literally to Bękarty Wojny (Bastards of War).

[3] Inglourious Basterds is Tarantino's highest grossing film. claiming. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 88% of 256 critics have given the film a positive review. unrestrained. based on a sample of 41 reviews. "In Inglourious Basterds. Anne Thompson of Variety praised the film. with earnings of $20 million."[86] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times also gave the film a four-star review. saying. making its worldwide gross $320. "A classic Tarantino genre-blending thrill ride. and grossed $73. television and Cast and crew at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival. taking in $6. the film earned $14.5 million in other territories..[77] Among Rotten Tomatoes' "Top Critics".56 million ($2. and thoroughly entertaining."[79] Metacritic.661 votes. Inglourious Basterds is violent.[73] The film fell to number two in its second weekend.8 million in the United States and Canada and $199. with a rating average of 7. Quentin Tarantino has made his best movie since Pulp Fiction.[84] Despite this.[89] While praising Christoph Waltz's performance ("a good actor new to American audiences")."[87] Author and critic Daniel Mendelsohn was disturbed by the portrayal of Jewish-American soldiers mimicking German atrocities done to European Jews.[76] Critical reception The film received mostly positive reviews from critics.''Inglourious Basterds'' 59 Reception Box office Opening in 3. with an average rating of 8.165 screens.[72] on the way to an opening weekend gross of $38 million. "Inglourious Basterds is great fun to watch. Germany took in $4. by turning Jews into Nazis". "With from a second viewing". bold. you watch it from a distance. Tarantino indulges this taste for vengeful violence by—well.. This is a film that will benefit [85] Critic James Berardinelli gave the film his first four-star review of 2009. audacious war movie that will annoy some.. behind The Final Destination.] Tarantino has become an embarassment: his .650 screens making $27. a leading French newspaper. dismissed it. giving Tarantino a personal best weekend opening and the number one spot at the box office.8m) on 266 screens. which consists of popular and notable critics from the top newspapers.[81] The initial reactions of critics at the Cannes Film Festival were mixed. gives the film an averaged rating of 69 based on 36 reviews.. stating. websites..[75] It has come to gross $120. dismissed the film with the following words: "The film is skillfully made.[78] the film holds an overall approval rating of 76%. appreciating the references and the masterful mise en scène..3 million on the opening Friday of its North American release. David Denby. by how exasperatingly awful and transcendentally disappointing it is". ahead of District 9. "Tarantino gets lost in a fictional World War II".92 million (£3. writing that "Quentin Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds is a big. even as a joke. radio programs. The film received an eight to eleven minute standing ovation from critics after its first screening at Cannes.[80] The film is currently at number 82 on IMDb's Top 250 movie list. but opined that it was not a masterpiece. of The New Yorker. [. but the movie isn't entirely engaging. but it's too silly to be enjoyed.[88] British critic Peter Bradshaw stated he was "struck.8m) on 444 screens.49 million. Inglourious Basterds. both in the United States and worldwide.20 million on 439 screens and Australia with $2.3 million. a director of quixotic delights.[74] Inglourious Basterds opened internationally at number one in 22 markets on 2." and that it was "one hell of an enjoyable ride. First place openings included France. stating.4 based on 184.7 out of 10. The United Kingdom was not far behind making $5. startle others and demonstrate once again that he's the real thing.[82] [83] Though Le Monde. According to the site's summary of the critical consensus. which assigns a score of 1–100 to individual film reviews.8 million in its first ten days. You don't jump into the world of the film in a participatory way.09 million on 500 screens.

where violence solves everything. has criticized the film for failing to develop its characters sufficiently. because the sped-up production schedule of the film conflicted with his scoring of Giuseppe Tornatore's Baarìa.[105] However.[104] The German version is 50 seconds longer than the American version. the German theatrical. R&B and David Bowie's theme from the 1982 film Cat People. including Best Picture. and where the Third Reich is always just a film reel and a lit match away from cartoonish defeat". selling an estimated 1. the extended scene was released as a bonus feature.581. but Inglourious Basterds serves more as an "alternative to reality. with four of them included on the CD. 2009 by Universal Studios Home Entertainment in the United States[101] and Australia.[94] The film received four Golden Globe nominations[95] including Best Motion Picture . 2009. he must have gold". only behind The Hangover. Soundtrack Tarantino originally wanted Ennio Morricone to compose the soundtrack for the film. writer for the online magazine Galus Australis.[103] On its first week of release Inglourious Basterds was number two..[91] Anthony Frosh.[100] Home media The film was released on Single Disc DVD and a Two-Disc Special Edition DVD and Blu-ray Disc on December 15.. 2009 in the UK. which was awarded to Waltz. Best Supporting Actor for Waltz. which was composed by Dimitri Tiomkin and Paul Francis Webster for the opening of the 1960 film The Alamo.''Inglourious Basterds'' virtuosity as a maker of images has been overwhelmed by his inanity as an idiot de la cinemathèque. who went on to win the award. In Tablet. but lacking in Jewish content". receiving the Best Leading Actor award at the end of the festival.[106] [107] The opening theme is taken from the folk ballad "The Green Leaves of Summer".[93] Movie critic Devin Faraci of Chud.[109] This is the first of Tarantino's soundtracks that does not include dialogue excerpts from the film. the film was nominated for eight Academy Awards. including Best Director for Tarantino.467. Tarantino did use eight tracks composed by Morricone in the film. but let me continue it: Christoph Waltz needs not an Oscar nomination but rather an actual Oscar in his hands. Best Director and Best Original Screenplay. DVD and Blu-ray Disc versions are the only ones to include the full scene. He argues that the power of film lies in its ability to impart knowledge and subtle understanding.[110] The soundtrack was released on August 18.220 DVDs making $28.[92] 60 Accolades Christoph Waltz was singled out for Cannes honors.[18] Morricone was unable to. The scene in the tavern has been extended.[102] It was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on December 7.[98] In February 2010.com stated: "The cry has been raised long before this review.[111] . including spaghetti western. a magical and Manichean world where we needn't worry about the complexities of morality.Drama and Best Supporting Actor for Waltz. Liel Liebowitz criticizes the film as lacking moral depth. as well.[96] The film also received three Screen Actors Guild Award nominations and went on to win the awards for Best Cast and Best Supporting Actor..652 in the United States.[106] [108] The soundtrack uses a variety of music genres.[99] Waltz was awarded the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. labeling the film "Enthralling. Although in other countries.[97] The film was nominated for six BAFTA Awards."[90] The film has met some criticism from Jewish press.

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secret narratives and visual clues.''Inglourious Basterds'' [111] "Inglourious Basterds Motion Picture Soundtrack" (http:/ / www. The Inglourious Basterd: Peter Masters and the real story of X Troop (http://www.metacritic. popmatters.com.boxofficemojo.com/movies_central/2009/inglorious_basterds. com/blogs-and-stories/2009-08-09/my-father-the-inglourious-basterd/full/) Remaking History: An Interview with Quentin Tarantino by Rene Rodriguez.com/) Inglourious Basterds (http://www. .imdb. com/ index.com/title/tt0361748/) at the Internet Movie Database Inglourious Basterds (http://www.mstrmnd. inglouriousbasterdsmusic.rottentomatoes. Inglouriousbasterdsmusic. 2009 (http://www.com/m/inglourious_basterds/) at Rotten Tomatoes Inglourious Basterds (http://www. Inglourious Basterds decoded (http://www.com/pm/feature/109973-remaking-history-an-interview-with-quentin-tarantino/) Hidden meanings.com/film/titles/inglouriousbasterds) at Metacritic Inglourious Basterds Production Notes (http://madeinatlantis.com/ log/1394) . 65 External links • • • • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://inglouriousbasterds-movie. Retrieved January 24. 2010.htm) at Box Office Mojo Inglourious Basterds (http://www.allmovie. htm) My Father.thedailybeast.com/movies/?id=inglouriousbasterds. html). 18 August.com/work/465163) at Allmovie Inglourious Basterds (http://www.

2009 94 minutes United States Japan China Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country .''Astro Boy (film)'' 66 Astro Boy (film) Astro Boy Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Story by Based on Starring David Bowers Maryann Garger Kuzuka Yayoki Timothy Harris David Bowers David Bowers Astro Boy by Osamu Tezuka Freddie Highmore Nicolas Cage Kristen Bell Bill Nighy Donald Sutherland Nathan Lane Eugene Levy Matt Lucas John Ottman Music by Cinematography Pepe Valencia Editing by Studio Robert Anich Cole Imagi Animation Studios Tezuka Productions Summit Entertainment October 10.

093. It tries to disintegrate a forcefield placed between it and the humans. 2010. Toby also meets the Robot Revolution members: Sparx. only for it to absorb him and take on his consciousness. find an offline construction robot named Zog. Eugene Levy. Astro and co. Moises Arias. but both refuse to fight one another. Hamegg.[5] Freddie Highmore provides the voice of Astro Boy in the film. who is running for a new term in his presidency. but it will cost him his own life. who appears to fix broken robots. Cora. then in the United States on October 23. Astro is taken to the Ministry of Science. Robotsky and Mike the Fridge. Tenma. Dr. where Tenma is asked to remove the Blue Core. arresting Astro. the other children. using DNA from a strand of hair and his memories to make the robot think he is Toby. Bill Nighy. Doctor Elefun introduces Stone to the Blue Core and Red Core. visits his father at the Ministry of Science but is neglected by Tenma as he demonstrates the Peacekeeper guardian robot to President Stone. Stone and his men arrive. Stone impatiently places the Red Core into the Peacekeeper again. Astro goes along with his new name and lives with the children as a human. The studio announced the project in September 2006. Tenma that the Red Core is dangerous). Zog arrives and per Elefun's suggestion. Bill Tenma. is a 2009 computer-animated 3-D film loosely based on the long-running Japanese series of the same name by Osamu Tezuka. Hamegg realises Astro is a robot and pits him against other robots in the Robot Games. It was produced by Imagi Animation Studios. President Stone's men detect the Blue Core's energy signature and pursue Toby until he falls off the floating city and lands in the junkyard below. 2009. It was directed by David Bowers and produced by Maryann Garger[4] with Pilar Flynn as associate producer. who identify him as a robot and rename him as Astro. Elefun and Dr. he has a change of heart and allows Astro to escape. Charlize Theron and Nicolas Cage. Donald Sutherland. Cora. transfers some of his energy to Astro. 2008 to January 8. the militaristic dictator of the city. However. Matt Lucas. and flees. and the Robot Revolution try to help to bring down the Peacekeeper-Stone fusion. Elefun and others find Astro's body. and their fatherly figure.[3] the animation production company of TMNT. 2009 and finally in the United Kingdom on February 5. Tenma and Elefun use the Blue Core to construct an identical robotic clone to Toby. Plot The film is set in the futuristic Metro City. also called Atom (ア ト ム . including Zog. but runs the Robot Games: destructive gladiatorial matches in which one robot gets destroyed. Toby. only for Toby to get trapped in with it and end up getting killed. Stone likes the Red Core and places it in the Peacekeeper (despite warnings from Dr. Astro and the Peacekeeper fight across the city. however. He overhears his father talking to Elefun about dismantling him. He meets several children including Cora. a metropolis which floats in the sky above the polluted "Surface". in the last moment.[6] The film also features the voices of Kristen Bell. respectively. Astro flies into the Peacekeeper's body. demolishing most of the buildings and causing the city to land on the ground. Nathan Lane. Astro concludes the two cores must come together in order to stop the Peacekeeper. Toby encounters two cleaning robots and discovers he can fly via rocket boosters hidden in his shoes. although Stone survives but is arrested soon afterwards. Tenma quickly realizes the robot is not like his original son and rejects him. which produce energy which can power robots via positive and negative energy. Metro City's population are aided by a multitude of different robots who are dumped on the Surface when they are broken or disused. son of Dr. reviving him. causing it to go out of control. and Cora makes up with her parents. Unaware of this. A trailer of the film was shown in the North American Home Theater of PlayStation Home from December 28.''Astro Boy (film)'' Language Budget Gross revenue English $65 million [1] [2] 67 $44. Dr. An alien lifeform appears over the city and Astro . destroying both cores. The film was released first in Japan on October 10. Atomu) in Japan. 2009. and a robotic dog named Trashcan.014 Astro Boy. Astro is reunited with Dr. a girl who left Metro City after her parents neglected her. Astro secretly using a portion of the Blue Core to revive Zog.

Squeegee. Mustachio. Brady was replaced with David Bowers. and Todd Alcott was to write the screenplay.''Astro Boy (film)'' flies up to battle it. also for Jim Henson Productions. Math Cowboy. Jackson as Zog Bill Nighy as Simon Elefun/Robotsky Donald Sutherland as President Stone Eugene Levy as Orrin Nathan Lane as Hamegg Alan Tudyk as Mr. Leighton was replaced with animator Genndy Tartakovsky with a scheduled 2007 release. The Power of the Dark Crystal.  In 2008. In June 2004. However. Nothing more came out of this announcement. then a Summer 2001 release. . intending to produce a combination live-action/animatronics/CGI feature film alongside Jim Henson Productions originally slated for a Christmas 2000 release. That same year. Sony Pictures Entertainment purchased the film rights to Astro Boy from Tezuka Productions. Scrapheap Head. and The Weinstein Company. Charlize Theron as "Our Friends" Narrator Samuel L. Boxer Robot Moisés Arias as Zane Matt Lucas as Sparx Madeline Carroll as Widget Elle Fanning as Grace (cameo only) Sterling Beaumon as Sludge Victor Bonavida as Sam Tony Matthews as Cora's father Ryan Stiles as Mr. In 2007. Squirt. Summit Entertainment took over the film's distribution rights. 68 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Freddie Highmore as Toby Tenma/Astro Boy[7] Nicolas Cage as Dr.  Eric Leighton was attached to direct. Stinger Two David Allen Grier as Mr. alongside TMNT. it was announced that Hong Kong-based animation firm Imagi Animation Studios would produce a CGI animated Astro Boy film as part of a three-picture distribution deal with Warner Bros. Tartakovsky later left the project to produce the Dark Crystal sequel. In summer 2006. and Gatchaman. Burning Robot Dee Bradley Baker as Trashcan Newell Alexander as General Heckler David Bowers as Mike the Fridge Bob Logan as Stinger One Ryan Ochoa as Rick Production In October 1999. Colin Brady signed on to direct the film. Bill Tenma[8] Kristen Bell as Cora[9] Scarlett Johansson was originally set to voice Cora but was replaced by Kristen Bell.

[13] Astro Boy: The Video Game for Wii. a compromise was reached.6 out of 10. websites. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 48% of 124 critics have given the film a positive review. resembling his iconic design. Marketing On November 5. Imagi had several discussions on how round and curvy Astro's body proportions should be and in the end they were made to be more lean. Imagi Animation Studios later wanted to add a few years on Astro as to make him more grown up and thus easier to relate to. PlayStation 2 system and PSP system was developed by High Voltage Software and Nintendo DS by Art Co. Since there were issues about a boy flying around in underwear on the big screen (as it might confuse audiences not familiar with the Astro Boy series or his classic costume) suggestions were made and it was decided to give Astro clothes. Hong Kong. A model of a motionless Astro Boy waiting to be powered up was set up at Peak Tower.. Tezuka Productions. some changes to Astro had to be made as they did not adapt well in 3D (such as Astro's large eyes and curly eyelashes). On May 29.[12]  A soundtrack album was released on October 20. with a rating average of 5.[16] On Metacritic. television and radio programs. however."[15] Among Rotten Tomatoes' "Top Critics". this was changed so Astro looked more human. who recorded his score with a 95-piece orchestra and choir at Abbey Road Studios. 2008. a trailer for the film was released with the Disney-Pixar film Up. Astro's look was tweaked to be more Caucasian.[10] [11] Music The score to Astro Boy was composed by John Ottman. and Astro was altered to look just slightly more adult. and it seems to have a political agenda that may rankle some viewers. Ltd. 2009 to coincide with the film's theatrical release. 2009. Eventually. Model of Astro Boy waiting to be powered up in Hong Kong. 2009.''Astro Boy (film)'' 69 Design When making the leap from 2D to 3D. Astro Boy boasts enough visual thrills to please its target demographic. which consists of popular and notable critics from the top newspapers. though this was never intentional. The site's general consensus is that "While it isn't terribly original. Also there were issues on Astro's rear end being too small. However. and that too was altered after talks with Imagi. IDW Publishing published a "prequel" and comic book adaptation of the film as both mini-series and in graphic novel format to coincide with the North American release of the film in October 2009. which assigns an . based on a sample of 24 reviews. Also his speedo was slightly tweaked to resemble shorts. A panel of the film was held at the San Diego Comic-Con on July 23. 2009 by Varese Sarabande Records.  The games were released on October 20. outside Madame Tussauds Hong Kong in September 2009. Reception The film received mixed reviews from film critics. In early development Astro's design was younger. the film holds an overall approval rating of 46%. D3Publisher of America announced it would publish a video game based on the film. wanted no changes.[14] Beginning in May 2009 and continuing through September 2009.

[20] The film also was not a box office success in the US. animenewsnetwork. the film was very successful in China. climactic robot rumpuses. com/ hr/ content_display/ world/ news/ e3i30e7feb16ddb02078b67e4725d88077c). Retrieved on 2008-02-28. [15] "Astro Boy Movie Reviews. D3Publisher of America. php).[17] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a B and wrote of the film having "little too much lost-boys-and-girls mopiness. 2008. where it remained in the Top 10 for three weeks. com/ 2009/ 07/ astro-boys-kristen-bell-o.) The box set also comes with a DVD (containing a single story on Astro's first flight and an image gallery).. Conversely. com/ news/ 207/ )."[18] Glenn Whipp of the Los Angeles Times gave the mixed review claiming "The kids won't get it but will enjoy the big. Retrieved on 2010-12-09. breaking a box-office record for a CG animated film. asp?ID=115). References [1] "Imagi hitches rocket to 'Astro Boy'" (http:/ / www. jp/ special/ onair/ 081027. In Japan a special Limited Edition Astro Boy Premium Box Set was released. [10] design issue between original Atom (http:/ / news. Retrieved 2009-04-15." but "Astro Boy is a marvelously designed piece of cartoon kinetics. a Micro SD (featuring the motion manga "Atomu Tanjo" originally written by Osamu Tezuka). com/ m/ astro_boy/ ). imagi. 70 Home media Astro Boy was released in the US on DVD and Blu-ray March 16.. "John Ottman scores Astro Boy" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-05-26. When it closed in January 2010.[21] by Summit Entertainment. 2010. hk/ web/ pdf/ press_release/ press_20080227E. [6] Freddie Highmore Signed for Imagi Studios' Astro Boy (http:/ / www. making an animated movie and getting the Astro Boy look.457. a featurette with the voice cast including Nicolas Cage. Both releases include two new animated sequences. html) [12] Dan Goldwasser (2009-10-13). [13] "Imagi Studios & D3Publisher Ink Exclusive Worldwide Videogame Publishing Agreement for Astro Boy" (http:/ / www. . [8] (http:/ / mirrorus. com. "Astro Boy" [4] "Imagi Press Release: Astro Boy" (http:/ / www. com.com (2009-07-01). Internet Movie Database.com. among others. or. . Scifiwire. imagi. This follows the same pattern as Dragonball Evolution and Speed Racer. imdb. com/ news/ home/ 20090507005361/ en). com/ movies/ 2009/ ASBOY. other American-produced films based on Japanese sources which failed to garner success in their land of origin. . three other featurettes about drawing Astro Boy. com. com/ press-release/ 2007-08-21/ pilar-flynn-joins-imagi's-astro-boy-as-associate-producer). . . Business Wire. grossing $6. Nintendo DS. Pictures" (http:/ / au. which owe a heavy debt to Brad Bird's The Iron Giant. com. Retrieved 2009-10-14. nhk. Retrieved 2009-01-06. Rotten Tomatoes. a small bookmark (that is actually a reel from the film inside a plastic cover) and Astro's blueprints from the film. [14] "D3Publisher to Bring Summit Entertainment and Imagi Studios' ASTRO BOY to Wii. Retrieved 2009-12-23. but sold well in China. businesswire. the-numbers. . pdf). walkerplus. character art and set designs from the film).''Astro Boy (film)'' average rating out of 100 to reviews from film critics. the other special features with two bonus features exclusive to Japanese) and has both English and Japanese dub (along with English and Japanese subtitles. hk/ / web/ pdf/ press_release/ press_20080923E. . it had a total gross of $20 million.[19] The film was not a big hit in Japan. hollywoodreporter. PlayStation2 System. [7] "9 (2009)" (http:/ / www. opening at #6. has a rating score of 53 based on 22 reviews. scoringsessions. php?lang=eng) "Our Films". pdf) [9] Astro Boy's Kristen Bell ready to win more fanboy hearts as an anime urchin | Blastr (http:/ / scifiwire. us/ PressDetails. Hollywood (http:/ / www. and an image gallery. imagi. imagi. php). Retrieved 2009-10-10. a postcard of 1980 Astro Boy flying. 2009. hk/ pdf2/ IMAGI_US-Creative-Team. rottentomatoes. .7 million. November 5. d3publisher. Freddie Highmore and Donald Sutherland. com/ 2009/ 1010/ 9/ ) [11] NHK special Japan Anime v. ScoringSessions. hk/ web/ main. [5] "Press Release: Astro Boy" (http:/ / www. May 7. The-Numbers. and PSP System This Fall" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-05-07. . com/ title/ tt0375568/ ). pdf). Kristen Bell. [3] Imagi International Holdings (http:/ / mirrorus. . [2] "Movie Astro Boy – Box Office Data" (http:/ / www. appearing at the bottom of the opening week's top 10 rankings and making only $328.s. Dr Tenma's Project Notes (featuring 80 pages of CGI models. It featured the same content from the US release with the exception of it spanning on two DVDs (One the film. The Hollywood Reporter.

Retrieved 2009-10-23. GN Entertainment.com/m/astro_boy/) at Rotten Tomatoes Astro Boy (http://www. Astroboy-themovie.20314437. Retrieved 2009-12-23. [19] "'Astro Boy' – Review" (http:/ / www. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Los Angeles Time. [17] "Astro Boy (2009): Reviews" (http:/ / www. . ew. metacritic. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3icc3fec8640be47141ac15f403bbc6837) [21] Astro Boy (http:/ / www. . Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2009-12-23. Entertainment Weekly.rottentomatoes.com/) Astro Boy (http://www. com/ m/ astro_boy/ ?critic=creamcrop).com/work/400000) at Allmovie Astro Boy (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo . Inc. . astroboy-themovie.com/movies/?id=astroboy.astroboy-themovie. hollywoodreporter. Metacritic. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 71 External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. [20] (http:/ / www..''Astro Boy (film)'' [16] "Astro Boy Reviews: Top Critics" (http:/ / www. html#). [18] "Astro Boy Movie Review" (http:/ / www.allmovie. Retrieved on 2010-12-09. .boxofficemojo. metacritic.imdb. com/ ). rottentomatoes. com/ film/ titles/ astroboy). com/ film/ titles/ astroboy).com (2009-10-23).com/title/tt0375568/) at the Internet Movie Database Astro Boy (http://www.00.

Jackson Scarlett Johansson Eva Mendes Dan Lauria Sarah Paulson Paz Vega Stana Katic Jaime King Louis Lombardi Score: David Newman Song: Christina Aguilera Written by Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Bill Pope Editing by Studio Distributed by Gregory Nussbaum Odd Lot Entertainment Media Magik Entertainment Lionsgate (US/UK) Warner Bros. Pictures (Japan) Sony Pictures (International) .''The Spirit (film)'' 72 The Spirit (film) The Spirit Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Frank Miller Michael Uslan Deborah Del Prete Gigi Pritzker Benjamin Melniker Steven Maier Frank Miller Will Eisner (comics) Gabriel Macht Samuel L.

receiving a knife wound that he seems to not even notice. to be alone to take on the Spirit. Sand said she now hated cops. Denny Colt (Gabriel Macht). the film found more success on DVD and Blu-ray. The Octopus (Samuel L. She departs with the cargo. The Spirit dons his costume and travels across rooftops while delivering a voice-over soliloquy about the city being his one true love. A woman (Kimberly Cox) is being mugged in an alley below. The woman asks. whom Sand paid to locate the underwater treasure she wanted. expressing her thoughts that the Spirit and the Octopus will “be at it all night” as the two enemies do indeed share a connection in their capability to take such great amounts of punishment. also known as The Spirit. At the swampland. Sand Saref’s locket contains pictures of a much younger Denny Colt (Johnny Simmons) and Sand (Seychelle Gabriel). Appearing to be in perfect health despite his gunshot wounds (something which has occurred seemingly many times before). The two grew up together in Central City where Denny bought Sand the locket as a gift to satisfy the girl’s love of diamonds and other such “shiny things. the Octopus and Silken Floss open the chest but discover that it does not contain the mysterious Blood of Heracles as expected and decide a trade is in order. and Logos (all played by Louis Lombardi). It is implied that Donenfeld gave up the treasure’s location to the Octopus . the Spirit is shocked to notice a gold locket in Sussman's hand. Sarah Paulson.000 $39. and on DVD and Blu-ray on April 14. she wasn't heard from for fifteen years until the Spirit’s interest is obviously piqued. “What are you?” The Spirit runs away. Fleeing to Europe. but a flashback reveals that it was really the Octopus who shot him in an effort to recover two identical chests underwater. Jaime King. a piece torn from Sand Saref’s neck earlier. They lived happily until Sand’s father. Despite being a commercial and critical failure in theatres. Pathos. In a secret lair. which the Octopus retrieved from the murky depths. Ellen Dolan (Sarah Paulson).[3] Plot In a cat-filled mausoleum in Central City. The Spirit is awakened by his lover Dr. Sand escaped. daughter of Police Commissioner Dolan (Dan Lauria). The film is based on the newspaper comic strip The Spirit by Will Eisner. written and directed by Frank Miller and starring Gabriel Macht. Scarlett Johansson. he sends away his cloned henchmen.000. After the Octopus kills Liebowitz by ripping his head off. Jackson).337 [1] 73 The Spirit is an American comic book adaptation. catching a ride from Officer Liebowitz (Frank Miller) and heading toward the flats.[2] The Spirit was released in the United States on December 25. Dan Lauria. receives a phone call from Detective Sussman (Dan Gerrity) about something big going on that could involve the Spirit’s arch-nemesis. 2008 103 min. Eva Mendes. and Samuel L. Octopus accomplice Silken Floss (Scarlett Johansson) drives up.031. Sand and her husband Mahmoud (Eric Balfour) tried to flee with both chests. Sand and Mahmoud visit the office of a high-class fence named Donenfeld (Richard Portnow). 2008. was shot dead. 2009. leaving one chest behind. Jackson. He manages to save her.” including the Golden Fleece of Jason and the Argonauts. but the Octopus wounded Mahmoud and snapped a line connecting the two chests.''The Spirit (film)'' Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue December 25. Paz Vega. running over Pathos in the process. The Spirit and Liebowitz find the wounded Sussman. Ethos. femme fatale Sand Saref (Eva Mendes) rises from the water and appears to shoot Sussman multiple times. United States English $53. OddLot and Lionsgate produced the film.

Jackson stated "It's just an opportunity to be larger than life to take the Octopus's theme of dressing the way he feels everyday. a Western duster influenced outfit with a ludicrously out-of-proportion cowboy hat. 74 Cast • Gabriel Macht as Denny Colt / The Spirit: An ambitious and formerly eager young cop killed on the job. and Macht was able to attain the role in August 2007. Jackson was [6] Miller's first choice for the role and was cast in May 2007. Sand. Floss drives off as the Spirit suddenly materializes. She is stunned when he reveals his knowledge of her looking for the Golden Fleece as she shoves the Spirit through a window only to survive the fall. a full Nazi SS uniform.[5] • Samuel L. Jackson as The Octopus: A former coroner turned psychotic supervillain who plans to bring all of Central City to its knees and will kill without discretion anyone unlucky enough to stand in his way. Sand and her latest henchman fly in with the Blood of Heracles to meet Floss and a clone carrying the Golden Fleece. the Spirit stands triumphant on a rooftop with his cat. After a four-way Mexican standoff. Showdown over. Octopus and Floss’s experimentation eventually led to the creation of a serum (something of a scientific equivalent to the Elixir of Life) that could grant immortality when the Octopus injected himself and arch-enemies were born. Miller had required actors who wanted the starring role to audition. The old flames bid each other goodbye and the Spirit convinces Dolan to let Sand go in gratitude for saving the world. he works with Central City's police force from the shadows. Later the Spirit stumbles to the city docks and collapses into the water where he is confronts the ethereal Angel of Death. but Sand shoots the vase just in time as the Spirit blows the Octopus up. Elsewhere. only slightly more sane than he is. He asks Floss for the vase. Miller. Floss discovers the Octopus’s severed finger crawling toward her. And hopefully the audience will take the ride with us. the Spirit gives Sand her locket back. and a costume consisting of a Russian-esque hat and a fur-lined coat influenced by 1970's blaxploitation pimps. The Octopus unloads with progressively bigger guns until Dolan’s SWAT team storms the area and opens fire. As the Spirit is about to arrest her. Sand doesn't recognize the Spirit as the presumed-dead Denny. Unable to take a side. Lorelei Rox (Jaime King). They kiss as Ellen looks on. feeling betrayed. Sand attempts to convince Floss to get out of serving the Octopus before he kills her as the Octopus emerges from his truck. Jackson.''The Spirit (film)'' to ensure his family’s safety. who has haunted the Spirit’s sleep. he is caught off-guard by her standing before him fully nude. In the Octopus’s lair. and the costume designer went through the various scenes of the film to design elaborate costumes for the Octopus to wear—to the point that in every scene he appears in his look is different than the one before. As the Spirit swims to the surface. and the city all needing him."[7] • Scarlett Johansson as Silken Floss: A femme fatale secretary and perversely innocent accomplice to the Octopus. the Spirit has fully regenerated and is good as new where the Commissioner Dolan angrily enters with young rookie cop Morgenstern (Stana Katic) and calls the Spirit away to a case. Sand's history as one of the world’s great jewel thieves is relayed to the Spirit. who under mysterious circumstances is reborn as a masked crimefighter with an eye for the ladies. or having a theme to his day to day life and making some sense with it." At dawn. She picks it up and departs saying.[8] .[4] Determined to still keep his beloved city safe. "Who knows what I'll do. The Octopus gets to the Blood of Heracles and prepares to drink it. When asked about the change from the Octopus just being recognized by a pair of gloves in the comics to the various costumes. At the projects. At Alice’s Hospital. They include a samurai robe complete with a wig. Lorelei vows vengeance. He is then the only man to have ever wrongfully escaped death when he manages to gather his senses by remembering Ellen.

[4] • Louis Lombardi as Phobos.[11] • Seychelle Gabriel as Young Sand Saref • Johnny Simmons as Young Denny Colt[4] Frank Miller and DC Comics president Paul Levitz also have cameo roles in the film. etc. has them killed. Jerry Rees. to adapt the story. Logos. producer Michael Uslan and Executive Producers Benjamin Melniker and Steven Maier subsequently obtained the rights for a live-action film adaptation. In July 2004. and uses their money to fund criminal exploits in a constant pursuit of a life of the highest luxury and influence over the criminal underworld. they thought the film would be unmarketable. I turned around and said. Uslan approached Frank Miller at Will Eisner's memorial service in New York City several weeks after Miller's Sin City was released in theaters. but ultimately embraced his first solo project as writer-director.[4] • Dan Lauria as Commissioner Eustace Dolan: The hard-boiled and commanding police commissioner of Central City and the Spirit's father figure. and break up with aspiring cop Denny Colt.[17] but the writer eventually left the project. expressed interest in writing the script. OddLot's producers Gigi Pritzker and Deborah Del Pete began a collaboration with Uslan. Brad Bird. and producer Gary Kurtz attempted to get an animated adaptation off the ground.[14] As Miller described his decision-making.' and I agreed to the job on the spot". she wields tri-pronged throwing knives and a sword. Pathos.[10] • Sarah Paulson as Ellen Dolan: The police commissioner's daughter and a top surgeon who considers it her duty as the Spirit's current flame to keep him healthy and alive (much to her father's chagrin). financier OddLot Entertainment acquired the rights to the film. Mangos. Bulbos.[12] During the 1980's. director William Friedkin obtained the rights to The Spirit and contacted Will Eisner to write a script for him. In the movie her character shares characteristics with P'Gell from The Spirit comics. though studio executives praised the screenplay. [3] 75 Production Development In the 1970s.: The Octopus's thuggish and moronic. a comic book fan. "The only thought in my mind was. said that he believed in the producers to faithfully adapt The Spirit. Later in April. who wrote a two-hour live-action script for the filmmaker. and this version was [13] scrapped.''The Spirit (film)'' • Eva Mendes as Sand Saref:[9] The Spirit's childhood sweetheart. 'Nobody else can touch this. yet highly resilient cloned henchmen. And about three minutes later as I was at the doorway. with her policeman father accidentally murdered. The producer promised Eisner that he would not permit anyone who "didn't get it" to work on the project. interested in initiating the adaptation technique with Miller's film for The Spirit. Eisner. who was protective of the rights to his creations. Huevos and Rancheros.[14] Screenwriter John [15] Turman. who perennially seduces and marries wealthy men.[4] • Jaime King as Lorelei: A phantasmic siren and the Angel of Death waiting to take the Spirit.[18] Miller had initially hesitated. Eisner declined but recommended Harlan Ellison. comic book writer Jeph Loeb was hired to adapt The Spirit for the big screen.' And I refused. who must continually force himself to resist her.[3] . Two ideas pitched to Uslan were to put the Spirit in a costume and to have the Spirit be a resurrected dead man who possessed supernatural powers.[16] In April 2005.[4] • Stana Katic as Morgenstern: A spunky rookie officer and skilled sharpshooter who idolizes the Spirit. doubting his skill in adapting The Spirit. Melniker and Maier working at Batfilm Productions. She is also a tragic anti-heroine. The actress told director Frank Miller that she wanted to work with him on The Spirit before she had seen a script for the film. Ethos. Friedkin and Ellison afterward had an unrelated argument.[11] • Paz Vega as Plaster of Paris: A sexy French belly dancer and assassin in the employ of the Octopus. 'It's too big—I can't possibly do it. In the early 1990s. causing her to have a hatred of police and Central City. Adios and Amigos. and the project was abandoned.

M."[26] Newman explained. "Ditko's Speedy Delivery". the film trade press reported Miller would write and direct the film adaptation for The Spirit ." There is an eerie. The hardest part was having to say no to so many really great music makers. After consideration. without the psychological ambivalence towards women. Sammy Davis Jr. 2008.[18] Following the casting of Gabriel Macht as the Spirit in August 2007. well before he became the Spirit.[28] Christina Aguilera sings a cover of the classic "Falling in Love Again" in the closing credits of The Spirit. a vocal major at USC. and Donenfeld and Liebowitz. "I intend to be extremely faithful to the heart and soul of the material. named for Eisner & Iger partner S. by Marlene Dietrich in the film The Blue Angel (1930). Frank Miller and I talked about that scene quite a bit. Miller completed the first draft of the screenplay.[20] The film would also copy specific shots from the comic. David was able to bring it all home for us. "Jerry" Iger. but on May 6. respectively. Frank wanted elements of the ‘40s jazz sound married with iconic heroic music and even a touch of the spaghetti western. named for Steve Ditko. He really wanted me to 'go for it' – to make their music as romantic as possible. Doris Day (1961). and popularized.[24] The films release was originally scheduled for January 16.[23] but Uslan indicated that filming for The Spirit would begin before Miller started Sin City 2. almost old fashioned. 2008. written by Frederick Hollander. with lyrics written by Sammy Lerner. He truly loves every woman he meets. It’s part of his makeup. Saref's music ultimately becomes the love theme of the movie. "It's Sand Saref (Eva Mendes) who has the most elaborate of all the themes. and many others. because it's based on her relationship with Denny Colt when they were in their teens. These include "Feiffer Industrial Salt".''The Spirit (film)'' In July 2006. It will be much scarier than people expect". characters played by Richard Portnow and Frank Miller. especially when they finally kiss. but it won't be nostalgic. Harry Donenfeld and Jack Liebowitz.[18] The film contains a number of references to Eisner collaborators and other comics personae. "Iger Avenue".[5] 76 Filming Filming began in October 2007. the highly accomplished multiple Academy Award nominee David Newman joined the team. Filming took place in Albuquerque Studios in New Mexico.[25] Music The Spirit's mysterious Henry Mancini-like soundtrack is by David Newman. the Spirit is like a modern day Don Juan.[22] Principal photography was initially slated to begin in late spring 2007. alluding to Spirit ghost writer Jules Feiffer. The song was covered by Billie Holiday (1940). a comic book artist and writer. 2009. He has a certain naiveté [27] in this respect. California. The song was originally sung. Miller and the producers publicly announced this at the 2006 Comic-Con International in San Diego.[19] Miller plans to film The Spirit using the same digital background technology that was used for Sin City and 300. similar to Sin City. As Miller described the project. it was announced that the release date would be moved up to December 25. It’s very romantic. "We were very fortunate to have a wealth of choices. wordless soprano for Lorelei (Jaime King) that is performed by Newman's 19-year-old daughter Diana. Producer Deborah Del Prete said in the movie's production and press notes.[21] In February 2007. After seeing samples of the footage literally everyone we wanted to meet with was very excited about taking on the film.[4] The Spirit was shot using Panavision's Genesis digital camera. In the end.[19] Miller also planed to begin filming Sin City 2 in spring 2009. (1962). .[19] Miller said that he was putting together a film treatment that included large parts of The Spirit strip panels. filming was re-slated for the following October. The song dates to 1930. and began work on a second draft. and named for two of DC Comics' founders.

Chris Barsanti of Filmcritic. and noted that while Eisner's own Spirit was "an average-Joe [. fellow producer F. photos. Frank Miller. denoting "generally negative reviews".[18] Titan Books produced a making-of book. from 24 reviewers. "It's a frankly gorgeous effect. found the movie a "ludicrously knowing and mannered noir pastiche."[35] Frank Lovece of Newsday.] in a rumpled suit—a vulnerable but insouciant everyman in humanist fables".395. placing 9th in the box-office ranking for the weekend. The Spirit: The Movie Visual Companion by Mark Cotta Vaz. found that "gorgeous cinematography and design can't mask the hollow core and bizarre ugliness of this mishandled comics adaptation".806.''The Spirit (film)'' 77 Marketing At the New York Comic-Con on February 24.[1] The Spirit grossed $10. Its screwiness is deliberate and it’s all a matter of taste.188 domestically and $18. the film had grossed $19.[33] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times said. full of burnt-end romance and 'style'.[31] As of May 2009. Eisner's own spirit must be spinning in its grave". "There is not a trace of human emotion in it. DeSanto. Deborah Del Prete.J. liberated by the fact that Miller adapted freely from Eisner's panels—the two were longtime friends—to create an organic story instead of slavishly following the master's work". The film was rated PG-13 by the MPAA for "intense sequences of stylized violence and action.[32] and a Metacritic aggregate rating of 30 out of 100. and former The Spirit publisher Denis Kitchen presented a panel at which they described the history of the film and the film's progress.. Jackson.com stated. The film was released on Christmas Day 2008. "Macht manages to meld macho with melodrama to make the Spirit come to life. To call the characters cardboard is to insult a useful packing material". It was released November 25. storyboards. and production art.588.[34] Ricky Bentley of The Miami Herald said. Released in 2. Reception Box office The Spirit fared poorly in the box office.[1] Critical reception The Spirit was almost universally panned by critics.842 internationally for a worldwide total of $38. featuring interviews with the cast and crew. but robotic at its core".[38] Ken Hanke of Mountain Xpress observed. [30] and brief nudity" making it Miller's first film to be PG-13. and Jaime King at attend due to recuperation from hip the 2008 Comic-Con promoting the film and leg injuries."[37] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly. "The film may not move smoothly—Miller’s too fond of 'just damn weird' digressions for that—but it does move and isn’t hard to follow.[29] though Miller was unable to Gabriel Macht. and calling it "one of the year's most refreshingly fun films.030. director-screenwriter Frank Miller and producer Michael Uslan were scheduled to present a panel for The Spirit. 2007. some sexual content.3 million in its opening four days. Miller's [36] Spirit "now has a superpower—a healing factor. It received a 14% rating at the movie-review aggregate site Rotten Tomatoes.[22] Instead."[39] . Uslan..509 theaters. 2008. Samuel L. a one-time comic book writer.

Borys. 2008 [14] Jordan. html?categoryId=13& cs=1& query=The+ Spirit). Borys (2007-08-22). "Miller sees Jackson as evil 'Spirit'" (http:/ / web. . Retrieved 2007-10-08. 2009 [2] "Lionsgate conjures 'The Spirit' with Odd Lot Entertainment and visionary filmmaker and graphic novelist Frank Miller" (http:/ / www. archive. .''The Spirit (film)'' Jason Heck of The Kansas City Star summed up. "It's a triple feature for Johansson" (http:/ / web. Tatiana Siegel (2007-08-17)."[40] A. "Pair joining 'Spirit' squad" (http:/ / www. entrepreneur. html). Jackson Takes Us through His 'Spirit' Wardrobe" (http:/ / splashpage. com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ib429a97580f60ae2166395f1268d6bf8) on 2007-10-11. com/ tradejournals/ article/ 200146409. Comic Book Resources. com/ article/ VR1117947038. July 26. comicbookresources. Los Angeles Times Hero Complex. Retrieved 2007-08-17. boxofficemojo. "Ellison Gets In 'The Spirit' (http:/ / www. May 21. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3ided21673370e52a3d7c4c2e9e6e6674d). com/ article/ VR1117920635. . Retrieved 2007-10-10. Fleming (2004-07-22). . com/ news/ newsitem. May 16. . com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ie62938636be2f71fecac797ed78e3302) on 2007-05-20. . com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ie62938636be2f71fecac797ed78e3302). . ign. variety. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Shawn. [9] Kit. "To ask why anything happens in Frank Miller's sludgy. Rob (2003-06-01). "Lionsgate Debuts Frank Millers's Action Film 'The Spirit'" (http:/ / www. "NYCC. Variety. variety. . "Odd Lot. "Eva Mendes Has 'The Spirit'" (http:/ / moviesblog. [12] Phegley. Comic Book Resources. Ben Fritz (2006-07-18). mtv. variety. hollywoodreporter. Retrieved 2007-02-13. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). "Miller's 'Spirit' finds love with Paulson" (http:/ / web. (no longer links to article) [3] CD Computing News. variety. "Christmas gets Frank Miller's 'Spirit'" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-02-13. . html?categoryid=1350& cs=1). Retrieved 2007-05-18. archive. Borys (2007-09-25).O. The Hollywood Reporter. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3ided21673370e52a3d7c4c2e9e6e6674d) on 2007-09-30. Justin (2007-02-25). html?categoryid=1238& cs=1). Retrieved 2007-02-13. [20] Moro. 2008 [8] Kit. [19] McClintock. Retrieved 2007-09-25. It’s a better and a more complete film than Sin City or 300. org/ web/ 20071011201532/ http:/ / hollywoodreporter. The Hollywood Reporter. com/ article/ VR1117908165. Larry (2007-10-10). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Dec. [7] Adler. Dave (2007-10-08). Having a comic book genius create a comic book movie is a very. com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ib429a97580f60ae2166395f1268d6bf8). Variety. Scott in The New York Times summed up. hollywoodreporter.Tatiana. [17] Mohr. variety. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3ia314015383aee6d14c4065f49edf632c). [10] Carroll. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 2010 [13] Paul Leiva. com/ 2008/ 12/ 12/ the-spirit-that/ ). "The Spirit is terrific entertainment. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3ia314015383aee6d14c4065f49edf632c) on 2007-09-30. Variety. 12. org/ web/ 20070930231849/ http:/ / www. [11] McNary. com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=spirit09. hollywoodreporter. IGN. org/ web/ 20070930230456/ http:/ / www. 2009 [4] Kit. com/ ?page=article& id=26341). comicbookresources. "Ellison Gets In 'The Spirit' (http:/ / herocomplex. [5] Fleming. hollywoodreporter. The only halfway interesting question is why the thing exists at all. June 1. Borys Kit (2007-05-18). Eric (2006-11-09). Batfilm join forces for 'Spirit'" (http:/ / www. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). com/ ?page=article& id=2196). Steven. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. variety. The Hollywood Reporter. [15] Worley. "Odd job for Miller" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-02-26.com "Splashpage". Comic Book Resources. The Hollywood Reporter. Entrepreneur. [18] McClintock. Pamela. [16] Michael. Retrieved 2008-05-. hollywoodreporter. very good idea indeed. Ian (2005-04-05). cgi?id=9802). . mtv. com/ 2008/ 07/ 26/ samuel-l-jackson-takes-us-through-his-spirit-wardrobe/ ). html). accessed May 24. comics2film. hollywoodreporter. MTV. [6] Siegel. com/ article/ VR1117973594. Comics2Film. "Mendes moved to join 'Spirit'" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 2007-02-13. com/ b/ index. "Countdown To Hulk: John Turman talks about Hulk and other heroes" (http:/ / www. . org/ web/ 20070520052817/ http:/ / www. "Gabriel Macht to star in ‘Spirit’: Sony picks up rights to comicbook adaptation" (http:/ / www. hyper-stylized adaptation of a fabled comic book series by Will Eisner may be an exercise in futility. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. . "Loeb will get into 'The Spirit'" (http:/ / www. com/ 2007/ 10/ 10/ eva-mendes-has-the-spirit/ ). latimes. "Samuel L. Diane Garrett (2007-08-02). com/ articles/ 745/ 745055p1. . Retrieved 2008-06-13. htm). Variety. Ken. Michael. "Exclusive: Frank Miller Talks The Spirit" (http:/ / movies. XTRA: "Will Eisner's The Spirit" Panel" (http:/ / www."[41] 78 Footnotes [1] Box Office Mojo: "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. . Variety. Variety. . Retrieved 2007-08-03. php?blog=17& title=lionsgate_conjures_the_spirit_with_odd_l& more=1& c=1& tb=1& pb=1). archive. Retrieved 2008-09-18. . archive. comicbookresources. MTV. com/ article/ VR1117969608. html?categoryid=13). hollywoodreporter. 2007. Pamela (2008-05-06). com/ article/ VR1117985199.

com/ misc/ emporium. scifi.com: "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. suntimes. com/ scifiwire/ index. Retrieved 2007-02-13. [22] Gopalan. Jon. ew. miamiherald.00. [23] Spelling. December 17.com) • Official international The Spirit site (http://www. Entertainment Weekly. Variety. Ducking Villains and Vixens" (http:/ / movies.. html).tv. com/ apps/ pbcs.com.com/work/355798) at Allmovie The Spirit (http://www. Chris (2007-02-24). com/ articles/ 767/ 767757p1.Ian (2007-02-23). tv/ publish/ New_Contracts_24/ The_Orphanage_Brings_VFX_And_DI_Processes_Together_With_Film_Master_15639. Andrew. Frank. php?catid=190& itemid=14188). [31] Gnerre. org/ web/ 20070225084539/ http:/ / www. scifi. . 2008-04-09. December 25. com/ popwatch/ 2007/ 02/ its_been_the_ca.net/movies/thespirit/) • Lionsgate official The Spirit site (http://lionsgate. 2008 [38] Gleiberman. "Marley & Me Enjoys a Record-Breaking Christmas" (http:/ / www. The Spirit (review) (http:/ / www. html). Sound bites: David Newman (http:/ / www. cgi?id=9495). com/ 2008/ 12/ 25/ movies/ 25spir. Newsday. 2008 [36] Lovece. com/ news/ newsitem. December 31. Sci Fi Wire.20248903.com/thespirit/) External links • • • • • The Spirit (http://www. Mountain Xpress. toptenreviews. "Returned From the Dead. The Spirit (review) (http:/ / rogerebert. 2008 [29] "NYCC Announces More Special Guests. rottentomatoes. "The Spirit | Treatment does comics crimefighter justice" (http:/ / www. 2008 [41] Scott. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. December 24.com/m/the_spirit/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Spirit (http://www. "Miller: Sin 2 Is Ready To Go" (http:/ / web. A. filmjournal. ropeofsilicon. asp?article=3169). newsday. December 29.metacritic. Owen. The New York Times. com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ movies/ review/ spirit). htm). nytimes. Jay. The Miami Herald. metacritic.sonypictures. moviemaker. Filmcritic. html).allmovie. Roger. Comic Book Resources.imdb. 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2008-04-10.0. . broadcastbuyer. 2008 [27] "E-Notes: Composer David Newman Is Visited By The Ghost Of 'The Spirit' Past" (http:/ / www. The Kansas City Star. com/ article/ latest_mpaa_ratings_119). . filmcritic. Retrieved 2007-02-25. story). ign. December 24. ew. 2008 [35] Ricky Bentley. . com/ article/ VR1117997546. .com/title/tt0831887/) at the Internet Movie Database The Spirit (http://www. "With NY Comic Con kicking off. "NYCC 07: The Spirit" (http:/ / movies. Movie Maker. [24] "The Orphanage Brings VFX And DI Processes Together With Film Master" (http:/ / www. com/ news. Retrieved 2008-08-29. html?categoryid=16& cs=1). com/ m/ the_spirit/ ) [33] Metacritic. 2008 [39] Ken Hanke. com/ services/ newspaper/ printedition/ exploreli/ ny-ete5975235dec24a. archive. "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. Important Deadlines" (http:/ / www. . FilmJournal. shtml). com/ entertainment/ movies/ news/ story/ 824526. 2008 [40] Jason Heck. December 23.mycityscreams. The Spirit Production Notes & Images (http:/ / enewsi. iFMagazine. IGN. html). 2008 [37] Chris Barsanti. ifmagazine. dll/ article?AID=/ 20081223/ REVIEWS/ 812239987). December 23. Retrieved 2007-02-26. The Spirit review: a dazzling visual style (http:/ / movies. 2008 79 References • Official The Spirit site (http://www.O. [25] Lovece. com/ reviews/ mr456969-rank-2-reviews. January 1.boxofficemojo. ENI.com/movies/?id=spirit09. comicbookresources. The Spirit (review) (http:/ / www. mountainx. com/ feature. php?category=0& id=40259) on 2007-02-25.com/film/titles/spirit2008) at Metacritic The Spirit (http://www. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2007-02-24. December 24. com/ blog/ item/ marley_me_enjoys_a_record_breaking_christmas_20081229/ ). 2009 [28] Burlingame. Chicago Sun-Times. Nisha (2007-02-23).rottentomatoes.''The Spirit (film)'' [21] Carle.6764122. com/ scifiwire/ index. html?ref=movies). php?category=0& id=40259). com/ filmjournal/ content_display/ esearch/ e3i8a7ba6d185c56a44dde220cb5168caff) [26] Cochran. 2008 [32] Rotten Tomatoes.htm) at Box Office Mojo . November 8. Entertainment Weekly. broadcastbuyer.com: The Spirit (http:/ / www. The Spirit (http:/ / www. nsf/ reviews/ The-Spirit). com/ film/ titles/ spirit2008) [34] Ebert. [30] "Latest MPAA Ratings: #119" (http:/ / www. December 25. it's (Frank) Miller time" (http:/ / popwatch. variety.com sidebar: "The Annotated Spirit: A Guide to the Movie's In-joke References" (http:/ / www.

''Soul Men'' 80 Soul Men Soul Men Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Malcolm D. Friendly Charles Castaldi Steve Greener Robert Ramsey Matthew Stone Randy Jackson Samuel L. 2008 100 min. United States English $40 million . Lee David T. Jackson Bernie Mac Sharon Leal Sean Hayes Affion Crockett Adam Herschman Jennifer Coolidge Mike Epps with Isaac Hayes and John Legend Stanley Clarke Written by Narrated by Starring Music by Cinematography Matthew F. Leonetti Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget William Henry Paul Millspaugh Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Dimension Films November 7.

Lee and written by Matthew Stone and Rob Ramsey. It was released on November 7. Two former backup soul singers. Isaac Hayes and Bernie Mac both died in unrelated circumstances in August 2008. Jackson) and Floyd (Bernie Mac) who have not spoken to each other in 20 years reluctantly agree to travel across the country together to a reunion concert to honor their recently deceased lead singer Marcus Hooks (John Legend). and the two Soul Men reform a bond that they lost 20 years ago. Lester (Affion Crockett). as a tribute to the two actors.[2] Director Lee said the film was heavily re-edited to soften the tone of the film. Floyd's fling with Rosalee (Jennifer Coolidge) and a lot more leading up to their big performance at the Apollo Theater.082. a beautiful young woman in an abusive relationship. Cleo (Sharon Leal). A few problems come their way involving Cleo's wanna-be gangsta rapper boyfriend. Louis (Samuel L. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. 2008.''Soul Men'' Gross revenue $12.391 [1] 81 Soul Men is a 2008 American music-comedy-drama film directed by Malcolm D. Jackson as Louis Hinds Bernie Mac as Floyd Henderson Sharon Leal as Cleo Whitfield Sean Hayes as Danny Epstein Affion Crockett as Lester "The Court Jester" Adam Herschman as Phillip Fatso-Fasano as Pay-Pay Jackie Long as Zig-Zag John Legend as Marcus Hooks Jennifer Coolidge as Rosalee Isaac Hayes as Himself Mike Epps as Duane Henderson Millie Jackson as Floyd's ex Randy Jackson as The Narrator (voice) Sara Erikson as Chastity Vanessa Del Rio as the full figured neighbor . who is believed to be Floyd's daughter accompanies them as a new singer. It stars Samuel L. Jackson and Bernie Mac.

boxofficemojo.com/m/10009635-soul_men/) at Rotten Tomatoes . 2009. and Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa (which Bernie Mac was also in). and some hilarious moments. [5] "Weekend Box Office Results from 11/7 . Rotten Tomatoes. bringing in $9.''Soul Men'' 82 Reception Soul Men received generally mixed reviews from film critics. . com/ film/ titles/ soulmen). rottentomatoes.000 behind Zack and Miri Make a Porno. nme. Metacritic. This does not include blu-ray sales. com/ m/ 10009635-soul_men/ ). the film's gross was $12. . 2008-08-11. com/ movies/ 2008/ SOULM. Jackson and Mac with Gabe Witcher prerecording songs for the film in December 2007 [3] "Soul Men Movie Reviews.[6] References [1] http:/ / www.php) Soul Men 2008 Movie Review • Soul Men (http://www. .soulmen-movie. NME.org) • Soul Men 2008 Movie Review at Netkushi.11/9" (http:/ / www. The Numbers. 2008-11-09. php).com (http://www. [4] "Soul Men(2008):Reviews" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-11-08. based on 23 reviews. [6] "Soul Men" (http:/ / www.443.com) • Soul Men 2008 Community (http://www. com/ news/ isaac-hayes/ 38798).allmovie. Retrieved 2008-11-09.721 in revenue.[3] On Metacritic. but ultimately suffers from an unoriginal script. .com/work/418663) at Allmovie • Soul Men (http://www. External links • Soul Men 2008 Movie Official Website (http://www. com/ movies/ ?id=soulmen.netkushi. Pictures" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.[4] The film opened at #6 with $5. Retrieved 2008-11-15. . Retrieved 2008-11-08. Box Office Mojo.com/title/tt1111948/) at the Internet Movie Database • Soul Men (http://www.000.rottentomatoes. 2009 and by the 5th week. Changeling. Based on 73 reviews.[5] At the conclusion of its domestic theatrical run on February 5.360 units have been sold. metacritic. High School Musical 3: Senior Year. htm [2] "Isaac Hayes and Bernie Mac star in new film" (http:/ / www.imdb.com. Role Models. Bernie Mac on the set of the film in March 2008 DVD sales The film was released on DVD on February 10. the-numbers. reported that critics gave the film an average score of 49/100. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?view=& yr=2008& wknd=45& p=. htm).391 which makes the film a flop. about 483.082.com/cms/content/view/1879/80/ index. another review aggretator. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 45% of critics stated that Soul Men features lively performances from Bernie Mac and Samuel L. Jackson.soulmen.

twenty-eight year veteran[2] of the LAPD who terrorizes his new next-door neighbors because they are an interracially married couple. Jackson Patrick Wilson Kerry Washington Jeff Danna Mychael Danna Overbrook Entertainment Music by Studio Distributed by Screen Gems Release date(s) September 19. produced by Will Smith. Jackson. . and starring Samuel L.''Lakeview Terrace'' 83 Lakeview Terrace Lakeview Terrace Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Neil LaBute James Lassiter Will Smith Screenplay by David Loughery Howard Korder Story by Starring David Loughery Samuel L.653. Patrick Wilson and Kerry Washington. The film was released on September 19. Jackson plays a racist.637 [1] Lakeview Terrace is a 2008 thriller film directed by Neil LaBute. 2008 Country Language Budget United States English $20 million Gross revenue $44. 2008.

hoping to retrieve Clarence's cell phone because he is afraid his call to the perpetrator could be traced. with some of his cop buddies. and shines them into Abel's bedroom. tries to express a sense of community with Abel. and picks it up. It turns out that the new homeowners are a young interracial couple. Chris and Lisa Mattson (Patrick Wilson and Kerry Washington).D. He installs home security floodlights. Chris’s first exchanges with Turner have somewhat hostile undertones. with Abel making comments on Chris’s smoking and listening to hip hop music. Chris thanks Abel for helping him. Abel's children are watching. Abel comes over with his gun drawn. and Abel comes upon his hired criminal trying to escape and shoots him twice in the chest and once in the back. which leads to an almost violent exchange between the two neighbors. Chris discovers the cell phone under their bed. Abel makes a last cryptic comment about his wife. which leads to her falling on her head. and criticizes Chris and his friends for their liberal political and social tendencies. He enters the Mattsons' home. Chris does not want to have children yet. Abel enters and tells Chris that he lost his own wife. but does not plan to move. trying to convince him that the perpetrator was a police enemy and was trying to set Abel up. Chris realizes Abel is responsible for the break-in. officer and a virulent racist with a short temper. keeping them awake and irritating them. Wildfires rage in the hills surrounding the community. when she was supposed to be working (implying she was being unfaithful to him). Before he can find it. As his kids go to school the new neighbors are moving in. As he leaves. when a car hit her on a highway. but are able to do little. The neighbors attend a barbecue in a home down the hill. Abel shoots Lisa's car and she . As the feud between the neighbors continues it also causes problems between Chris and Lisa.P. Lisa goes home early surprising him and they struggle. Lisa and Chris unexpectedly return from the hospital and Abel returns to his home. When Chris and Lisa are packing to leave. Chris tells Abel that he is starting to take offense to him. Their conversation eventually leads into a heated exchange between Chris and his father-in-law. Chris races home when he hears his burglar alarm go off with a frustrated Abel following him. The following night. if they wish. Abel attends a housewarming party hosted by Chris and Lisa. He is hosing off his roof and does not want to leave. Abel arrives home to see this spectacle. Chris and Lisa have sex in their swimming pool. implicating him in the break-in. indicating problems between the two since he got engaged to Lisa. Chris installs plants at the fence between their houses. Abel Turner (Samuel L. who are recently married and buying their first home. They suspect Abel. as a way of taking matters into his own hands. and find the tires of Chris' car slashed. He is garrulous but has an edge. Jackson) is a veteran L. Abel claims that the lights are to prevent crime and says that he will shut them down. He and Chris struggle and Chris tells Lisa to take the car and perp's phone and get the police. Chris rushes to the injured Lisa. who tells them they could choose to move away. Abel watches from his home nearby. When Chris has the opportunity to discuss this. This brings a rift into their marriage.A. Abel's informant Clarence Darlington (Keith Loneker) is sent to trash their home. Marcus (Jaishon Fisher) and Celia (Regine Nehy). they hear noises downstairs. Chris and Abel continue their feud with Abel hosting a loud bachelor party while the kids are away with their aunt. She thinks Chris is being shortsighted. Lisa skipped birth control pills to force the issue. killing him. and is upset. Chris now buys his own floodlights. Chris and Lisa have dinner with Lisa's father. He dials the last number logged on the phone and hears Abel answer. he is also a single father of two children. and they shine into Chris and Lisa's window. and he leaves for work angry. They call the police to come. on things ranging from the environment to police brutality. because acrimony with a police officer may mean trouble for them. and as he finishes his drink. The situation is leaving them stressed and they can’t decide on when they want to have children. One evening. but constantly claims that he is delayed. at that time with her white boss. Unbeknownst to them. The wildfires are not contained and the neighborhood is instructed to pack a few things and leave their homes. Lisa soon reveals that she is pregnant. wondering what she was doing out in that area. Later Chris goes to a local bar.''Lakeview Terrace'' 84 Plot The movie opens on a family breakfast in a large suburban home in the hills of Los Angeles County.

than Paul Haggis's hand-wringing Oscar winner Crash. for instance. Jones of the Chicago Reader called the film "one of the toughest racial dramas to come out of Hollywood since the fires died down—much tougher. and Abel hides his gun behind his back and tries to convince them Chris is unbalanced. necessary. 85 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Patrick Wilson as Chris Mattson Samuel L. overheat and spill into silliness. feels dangerous. California on the corner of Grevillea Ave."[8] J. The police arrive.[3] The scene where Abel Turner comes out of the police station to talk to his partner and other police officers. neighborhood."[10] Anthony Lane of The New Yorker said that "the first hour of the film . Some will leave feeling vaguely uneasy. Infuriated.[6] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film a very positive review. then runs to help Lisa out of the car.. California on N Deer Creek Dr. Chris finally throws Abel off. .. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 48% of critics gave positive reviews based on 147 reviews. Some won't like it and will be absolutely sure why they don't.[5] On Metacritic. was filmed in Hawthorne. I find movies [7] like this alive and provoking. Some will only see a thriller. Chris is taken to an ambulance with a gunshot wound to the chest. Chris won't drop his weapon until Abel puts his down and Abel insists that he is unarmed.. but is then gunned down by his fellow police officers on the scene. Film production can be viewed on Google's Street View."[11] James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave the film two stars out of four." Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle also enjoyed the film.[4] Reception Critical reaction to Lakeview Terrace has been mixed. saying: "In its overall shape and message. Some will hate elements that others can't even see. The fun of Lakeview Terrace is not in what happens but in how it happens.. Some will find it an opportunity for an examination of conscience. critics gave a 46% approval rating based on 28 reviews. and I'm exhilarated to have my thinking challenged at every step of the way. and soon-to-be family."[9] Dennis Harvey of Variety said that Lakeview Terrace "delivers fairly tense and engrossing drama" but "succumb[s] to thriller convention. saying that "the first two-thirds of Lakeview ." but added that "the later stages . Abel shoots Chris. but the details kick it up a notch. but is told he will live. awarding it his highest rating of four stars (out of four) and saying: "Some will find it exciting.. Chris tackles Abel and gets his gun.R. and rife with comic disturbance. This leads to a standoff. He and Lisa later talk about their pride in their home.. & 126th St.''Lakeview Terrace'' crashes into a parked car. with Chris holding Abel's gun and Abel now holding a second gun from his leg holster. but their reasons will not agree. Lakeview Terrace is a conventional suspense thriller. Jackson as Abel Turner Kerry Washington as Lisa Mattson Jaishon Fisher as Marcus Turner Regine Nehy as Celia Turner Jay Hernandez as Javier Villareal Keith Loneker as Clarence Darlington Ron Glass as Harold Perreau Caleeb Pinkett as Damon Richards Justin Chambers as Donnie Eaton Juan Diaz as Steele Lynn Chen as Eden Filming locations The majority of the movie was filmed in Walnut. by asking about his wife's death and how he was not able to recognize that she had become unfaithful to him.

420 units. absent a sense of place and populated by repellent or weak characters. But the film. reelviews. Walnut. hollywoodreporter. Retrieved 2008-09-21.Google Maps" (http:/ / maps. chicagoreader. com/ hr/ film/ reviews/ article_display.4 million worldwide. com/ arts/ critics/ cinema/ 2008/ 09/ 22/ 080922crci_cinema_lane?currentPage=1). James Berardinelli. sfgate. Sura Wood. Retrieved 2008-09-21. dumb. boston."[15] On its opening weekend.R. DTL& type=movies). com/ cgi-bin/ article. Box Office Mojo. and 126th St. Wall Street Journal [16] "Weekend Box Office Results from 9/19 to 9/21" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-02-15. Box Office Mojo. youtube. htm). 013672& ie=UTF8& ll=33. It raised $20. the film grossed $15 million placing it at number one in the United States."[12] Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe said that "the movie might have something to say about black racism. + Walnut. htm). ReelViews [13] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. Jones. jsp?rid=11631). Joe Morgenstern.-118. [7] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / rogerebert. Pictures" (http:/ / www. 002411& t=h& z=19). 001429. com/ film/ titles/ lakeviewterrace).[18] References [1] http:/ / www.79.2 million in the United States and Canada and $3. CA . Retrieved 2009-08-10.0. 2008-09-21.[17] 86 DVD sales Lakeview Terrace was released on January 27.0. The Hollywood Reporter [15] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / online. net/ php_review_template. com/ maps?hl=en& q=N+ Deer+ Creek+ Dr. and called the film a "joyless and airless suspense thriller. the-numbers. and the clichés of the genre take over. slightly more than the film's budget. Metacritic. . with the object of his campaign of harassment the young interracial couple who move in next door. . dll/ article?AID=/ 20080918/ REVIEWS/ 809180303). rottentomatoes. Rotten Tomatoes. Mick LaSalle. J. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2008/ 09/ 18/ DDMK1290A2. soon devolves into an increasingly foul litany of events. . Chicago Sun-Times.. php . .-95. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& query=Lakeview+ Terrace). google. Google. 78400537319727. com/ apps/ pbcs. 47475. [9] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. . but the conversations go nowhere.-117. boxofficemojo. San Francisco Chronicle. com/ movies/ ?id=lakeviewterrace. 2009 and sold 1. The New Yorker [12] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. 036279."[14] Joe Morgenstern of The Wall Street Journal gave it one half of a star out of five. 917602. htm [2] (http:/ / www. com/ maps?f=q& source=s_q& hl=en& geocode=& q=90250& sll=37. newyorker. and over-the-top. [4] "Grevillea Ave. Variety [11] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. Chicago Reader [10] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. Dennis Harvey. com/ features/ stories/ moviereviews/ 080918/ ). 2008 [8] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. [18] http:/ / www.5). suntimes.[16] The film grossed $39. generic. com/ watch?v=IcVVM4QECOI& feature=related) [3] "N Deer Creek Dr. CA . com/ movies/ ?id=lakeviewterrace. com/ m/ 10009236-lakeview_terrace/ ). 0625. boxofficemojo. html). com/ movies/ display?display=movie& id=11269).Google Maps" (http:/ / maps. 861971& panoid=JH4AVg5Zz4FWXOiKemuDcA& cbp=12. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?view=& yr=2008& wknd=38& p=. Boston Globe [14] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. [17] "Lakeview Terrace (2008)" (http:/ / www. wsj.729. Google. php?identifier=1336). September 18. Retrieved 2008-11-26.194. com/ article/ SB122177747252654291. 677068& sspn=44. could be viewed as a novel twist. making $42. metacritic.117. variety.''Lakeview Terrace'' Terrace offer a little more subtlety and complexity than the seemingly straightforward premise would afford.2 million in other territories. com/ review/ VE1117938230. Retrieved 2008-11-26. but the climax is loud. google. .+ CA& ie=UTF8& split=0& gl=us& ei=sGGYSdnTCtG3tweglKS0Cw& z=16& iwloc=addr& layer=c& cbll=34. Roger Ebert. boxofficemojo. 354069& spn=0.119. Wesley Morris. Anthony Lane. com/ movies/ 2008/ LAKVW-DVD. [6] "Lakeview Terrace (2008):Reviews" (http:/ / www."[13] Sura Wood of The Hollywood Reporter said: "[The idea of] a black actor cast as the virulent bigot. [5] "Lakeview Terrace Movie Reviews.

ap/index.imdb.boxofficemojo.rottentomatoes.''Lakeview Terrace'' 87 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Lakeview Terrace debuts in top spot at box office (http://www.com/m/10009236/) at Rotten Tomatoes Lakeview Terrace (http://www.com/lakeviewterrace) Lakeview Terrace (http://www.allmovie.sony.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Movies/09/21/ boxoffice.html) CNN .com/work/386281) at Allmovie Lakeview Terrace (http://www.cnn.com/title/tt0947802/) at the Internet Movie Database Lakeview Terrace (http://www.com/movies/?id=lakeviewterrace.

2008 Running time Country Language Budget 98 minutes United States English $8. Release date(s) August 15.5 million Gross revenue $69.182.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' 88 Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film) Star Wars: The Clone Wars Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Dave Filoni • • • • • George Lucas Catherine Winder Henry Gilroy Steven Melching Scott Murphy Narrated by Starring Tom Kane • • • • • • • • • • Matt Lanter James Arnold Taylor Ashley Eckstein Tom Kane Dee Bradley Baker Christopher Lee Samuel L.844[1] . Jackson Anthony Daniels Kevin Kiner John Williams (Theme) Music by Studio Lucasfilm Animation Distributed by Warner Bros.

''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' Star Wars: The Clone Wars is a 2008 CGI animated science fiction/action film that takes place within the Star Wars saga. Upon their arrival on Tatooine. but discover that he is ill. Jabba the Hutt's son Rotta is kidnapped as part of a plot to make the Hutts join the Separatists. Anakin. Ahsoka and their clones assault a monastery that sits atop a high stone pillar. Canada and the United Kingdom. The Republic needs Jabba on their side to ensure unfettered travel through Jabba's trade routes. Instead. and Ziro is arrested. putting the crime lord in the Separatists' debt. 2008 at the Grauman's Egyptian Theatre. On board the derelict ship. who lives in a shady part of Coruscant. Soon after the final victory for the Republic on Christophsis. Asajj Ventress. It is also the only theatrical Star Wars film not scored by John Williams. and August 15 in the United States. apparently believing that it is the Jedi who are responsible for the situation. 2008 across Australia. which was combined with selected John Williams themes from previous Star Wars movies. requiring them to get him help immediately. Anakin and Ahsoka are tasked with retrieving the child. though Ventress flees in the face of capture. The Clone Wars is intended to act as an introduction to the television series of the same name. With the help of Obi-Wan Kenobi and Anakin Skywalker. Ahsoka manages to cure Rotta by the use of medical supplies on board. alerted by Anakin. A shuttle arrives.. the film premiered on August 10. 89 Plot The Separatists control the majority of the hyperlanes. Senator Padmé Amidala learns of Anakin's mission and fears for his safety. Kevin Kiner was hired to compose brand new music. Yoda arrives and brings the Jedi up to date on the situation concerning Jabba's son. But they have been caught in a trap by Count Dooku. Star Wars: The Clone Wars is the seventh Star Wars feature film to be released in theaters in North America (the eighth in Europe. who hopes to frame the Jedi for Rotta's disappearance (and possible death). with the Separatist forces advancing behind an expanding shield that artillery can't penetrate. arrives just in time to relieve the clone forces and engages Ventress in a lightsaber duel where he manages to defeat her. instead of 20th Century Fox. soon discovers that Ziro has actually conspired with Dooku to engineer the downfall of his nephew in order to seize power over the Hutt clans. leaving Republic forces stranded in different parts of the Outer Rim. Anakin devises a ruse: he confronts Dooku while carrying a decoy Rotta. In the meantime. as the droid army soon returns. while Obi-Wan flies to Tatooine to assure Jabba that Rotta will be retrieved. though. Ziro. gaining the Republic an early victory. but a chance call by C-3PO enables her to summon help. thereby ending any chance of the Republic striking a deal with Jabba. it is a young Padawan named Ahsoka Tano. but without the needed reinforcements. It doesn't last long. Padmé is discovered and detained. Faced with a long trek across desert sands and relentless opponents. Obi-Wan. Meanwhile. a fierce battle is taking place on the crystalline planet of Christophsis between the Republic's small clone army and the Retail Clan forces. Distributed by Warner Bros. They find Rotta. Anakin and Ahsoka manage to escape the trap along with R2-D2 and hijack a derelict transport which they use to travel to Tatooine. The battle soon commences yet again. while also being the first theatrical Star Wars film to be directed by someone other than George Lucas since Return of the Jedi's Richard Marquand. The film is set in the same time period as 2003 Clone Wars television show. Anakin and Ahsoka succeed in penetrating the enemy lines while Obi-Wan stalls for time by holding a fake surrender negotiation with the droid army commander. to secure fake evidence of the Jedi's supposed double dealing. 2008. which debuted on October 3. the fate of the few remaining clone soldiers are in the hands of Obi-Wan and Anakin. who insists that she has been sent by Master Yoda to serve under Anakin. then to recapture the young Hutt and return it to Jabba. On the planet of Teth. He sends his assassin. leaving . She decides to contact Jabba's uncle. as Caravan of Courage received a cinematic release there in 1984) and is the first animated theatrical film for the franchise. leading into the TV series of the same name. the clones steadily advance on the Separatists' forces. The film is also the first to be distributed by Warner Bros. With no communications or the ability to fly in reinforcements. Padmé. Anakin and Ahsoka are attacked and shot down. however. The Hutt refuses to cooperate. while screening in wide-release on August 14.

Anakin activates his lightsaber. Matthew Wood. Actor Matt Lanter Ashley Eckstein James Arnold Taylor Tom Kane Role Anakin Skywalker Ahsoka Tano Obi-Wan Kenobi 4A-7 Yoda Narrator Admiral Yularen Count Dooku/Darth Tyranus Captain Rex Commander Cody Clone troopers Mace Windu Asajj Ventress TC-70 C-3PO Palpatine/Darth Sidious Padmé Amidala Whorm Loathsom Ziro the Hutt Rotta the Huttlet Christopher Lee Dee Bradley Baker Samuel L. While Anakin fights Dooku. Padmé contacts Jabba with the news that Ziro has agreed to admit working together with Dooku in having Rotta kidnapped. As Anakin and Dooku fight. With the truth now revealed to him. Jabba agrees to allow the Republic to use his trade routes. Frustrated. and demands Jabba tell him what he has done with Ahsoka. Ahsoka enters. having defeated the Magnaguards. Ahsoka is ambushed by three Magnaguards. holds it at Jabba's throat. Christopher Lee. Jabba orders Anakin and Ahsoka to be executed. showing Ahsoka nearing defeat. and bring Ahsoka to Jabba for punishment for Rotta's murder. After Rotta is handed over to Jabba. and the Jedi framed for the crime. Just before they can be shot down. Jackson. Anakin and Ahsoka are triumphantly retrieved by Obi-Wan and Yoda. Dooku activates a mini holo-image projector. With their mission accomplished. Believing that Ahsoka's life is in danger. Just as Anakin is about to be shot down by the guards. Jackson Nika Futterman Anthony Daniels Ian Abercrombie Catherine Taber Corey Burton David Acord Kevin Michael Richardson Jabba the Hutt Matthew Wood Battle droids General Grievous . Anakin abandons the fight to help her. with Rotta. and Anthony Daniels reprise their roles from the previous films. 90 Cast While this film does not feature the original cast from the prequel trilogy. Anakin arrives at Jabba's palace to find that Ahsoka did not yet arrive with Rotta. Dooku then explains that the Magnaguards are there to kill Rotta.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' Ahsoka and R2-D2 to take the real Rotta to Jabba's palace. Samuel L.

and relying on editing instead of storyboards."[7] but she felt it was a good way to start the series. Ahsoka. Anakin calls for a gunship.. which Winder said. characters and creatures. because he wanted a stylized look rather than a realistic one. Rotta and R2D2 arrive at the backdoor landing platform. set it apart from other CGI films. Meanwhile. Anakin and Ventress continue their fight. why don't we just go and use the crew and make a feature?"[5] Lucas described the film was "almost an afterthought. they lose the box they were hiding under as they come across some Federation tanks. working as the storyboard artist during filming.7FUNIQ-ref-2-01700c83f1037d54-QINU. but Ahsoka accidentally releases a rancor which tries to eat her and Rotta. Ahsoka picks R2D2 back up after the fight. Anakin. and Lucasfilm Animation used Autodesk software to animate both the film and the series using the Maya 3D modeling program to create highly detailed worlds. The scene follows them jumping about and taking cover under the tanks before they get back under the box.[2] George Lucas had the idea for a film after viewing some of the completed footage of the early episodes on the big screen. before landing and being destroyed by the Jedi. "Sometimes George works in strange ways. had tracked the series' development from the beginning.7FUNIQ-ref-3-01700c83f1037d54-QINU. Lucas said he did not want the Clones Wars film or television series to look like such movies as Beowulf. because he wanted the film and characters to have its own unique style."[7] Animators also reviewed designs from the original 2003 Clone Wars series when creating the animation style for the film and the new series."[5] Howard Roffman.[4] Deleted Scenes On the 2-disc DVD. but a vulture droid destroys it. In another extend scene.[10] In charge was Steward Lee. At a Cartoon Network-hosted discussion. He also felt it should not look like the popular Pixar movies such as The Incredibles. and thought budgetary constraints forced the production team to think outside the box in a positive way. originally planned for release on television. Jabba insists that no treaty be discussed till Rotta is returned safe and sound. there are some deleted and extended scenes.7F release. on Tatooine. Essentially. The story of the kidnapped Hutt was inspired by the Sonny Chiba samurai film titled: "Shogun’s Shadow". when Anakin. Portions of the Anakin/Ventress fight scene were also cut. Ahsoka. Ventress and Rotta fall into."[6] Producer Catherine Winder said the sudden decision added to an already large challenge of establishing a show "of this sophistication and complexity. when Anakin and Ahsoka are trying to destroy the shield generator. Ventress stings the rancor on the behind and purses Anakin. Ventress comes into the room where Anakin. In this scene.[9] Lucas also decided to create the animated film and series from a live-action perspective.7F Those first few episodes. aggressive lighting techniques. Dooku tells Jabba that his droids are near to beating Anakin and returning his son. Ahsoka.[3] Warner Bros. and Lucas decided on a theatrical launch after viewing early footage[4] declaring "This is so beautiful.[7] Lucasfilm Ltd. Anakin and Ventress fight on the rancor's head until Ventress falls off and the rancor lands on her. and the supermarionation of the British 1960s series Thunderbirds. 2. Ahsoka. said of the decision. In an extended scene at the beginning. . president of Lucas Licensing. 1. R2D2 activates a trap door that Anakin. He suggests discussing a treaty between the Hutts and the Separatist. Rotta and R2D2 are trying to find a landing platform. Rotta and R2D2 escape. were then weaved together to form the theatrical .''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' 91 Production Filming Star Wars: The Clone Wars was designed to serve as both a stand-alone story and a lead-in to the weekly animated TV series of the same name. it "meant using long camera shots. It also shows Obi-Wan telling his clone troopers to hold the droids back as long as they can. 3. in addition to some droids.[8] The film's animation style was designed to pay homage to the stylized looks of both Japanese anime and manga.

Superboy and CSI: Miami. The publishers also released a . New York City held costume and trivia contests on July 26. 92 Music and soundtrack The film's music was composed by Kevin Kiner. including Anthony Daniels. a Pepsi spokesperson was unaware a new Star Wars film was even being released.[13] Marketing Toys Star Wars: The Clone Wars merchandise was first released on July 26. A section of the Toys "R" Us website was also dedicated to The Clone Wars. McDonald's held its first ever Happy Meal promotion for a Star Wars movie and for four weeks. but manages to destroy the vulture droids on their tail.[11] Some actors from the live-action films. a customizable lightsaber. an electronic clone trooper helmet. Anakin says they must jettison everything in the cargo hold.[14] Toys "R" Us mounted digital clocks in all 585 of its stores that counted down to the release of the Clone Wars toys. by Grosset & Dunlap. animation cel cards and rare sketch cards by top Star Wars artists and Lucasfilm animators. The Clone Wars comics did not receive the promotional campaign it otherwise would have due to the abruptness of the theatrical and comic book releases.[15] Topps. Comics and books Dark Horse Comics published a six-issue digest-sized comic book mini-series. Anakin points out that she could have just used the cargo bay door release controls in the cockpit. Christopher Lee and Samuel L. vice president of publishing for Dark Horse. In a further extended scene when Anakin and Ahsoka are escaping Teth in the Twilight. 18 exclusive toys came in specially designed Happy Meal [6] boxes.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' 4. Randy Stradley. When questioned by The New York Times about Star Wars merchandising in July 2006. published by Puffin and in the U. Lucas Licensing did not have time to enter into agreements with previous Star Wars marketing partners like Pepsi. 2008.[12] The original motion picture soundtrack was released by Sony Classical on August 12. San Diego and Times Square in Manhattan. Star Trek: Enterprise. which also included foil cards. said the sudden decision to release the Clone Wars film required the company to temporarily delay plans for two other Star Wars comic book series. electric guitars. Hasbro released several 3 3/4-inch Clone Wars action figures.[11] Kiner is known for his work on such television series as Stargate SG-1. returned to vocally reprise their roles of their respective characters. duduks. followed by more than 30 separate music cues composed by Kevin Kiner. ouds and taikos. The disc begins with the main theme by John Williams. Two of the Toys "R" Us flagship outlets in Mission Bay. Jackson.[16] DK Publishing and the Penguin Group released books. and Star Wars: The Clone Wars in the UK. erhus.S. with which the Lucasfilm licensing company had a 10-year marketing plan for the other films. and an electronic All Terrain Tactical Enforcer (AT-TE). including synthesizers. Dark Times and Rebellion. but did not hold midnight releases or pursue the branding opportunities Toys "R" Us did. activities and other merchandise that tied in with the film.[6] Food Due to the Lucas's sudden decision to make the film. the trading cards company. Also released was the Clone Wars: The Visual Guide. motion cards. Target and KB Toys also devoted shelf space for Clone Wars toys. When she gets back to the cockpit. Ahsoka goes to the cargo bay to open the doors and nearly falls out. The soundtrack uses many instruments never heard before in a Star Wars score. Burger King and Kellogg's. published by DK. Matthew Wood. On August 15. and more than 225 of the stores opened at midnight for the debut of the Star Wars products. and gave away limited-edition Star Wars toys with every purchase. released a series of 90 Clone Wars cards on July 26. 2008.

and one with two Clone troopers on Coruscant.[18] 93 Video games The LucasArts video game developer adapted the movie into Star Wars: The Clone Wars – Jedi Alliance for the Nintendo DS and Star Wars: The Clone Wars – Lightsaber Duels for Wii. which featured only 512 megabytes of memory and a dated visual display.[21] A Star Wars iPod iSpeaker (a speaker/dock for iPods.co. but he found the game "a varied and well-paced experience. earning it the status "generally negative. although their averages encompassed far fewer reviews."[20] Portable media players A Star Wars: The Clone Wars MP3 player was released in August 2008. Blockbuster and Andretti Green Racing. he added. Because this movie has bad lightsaber duels and the lack of the original cast.[17] At the American International Toy Fair. which also included Blockbuster Inc. the movie scored 35% based on 30 reviews. decals and was driven by Andretti Green Racing driver Marco Andretti. The same reviews were reposted on the site the . but pulled them down due to an embargo placed on those attending the screening its writers attended."[25] [27] This constituted by far the lowest Rotten Tomatoes rating of any Star Wars film. in which the George Lucas Empire Strikes Back—at the audience. and a 12% among 25 "Top Critics. One review claimed it improved upon a Darth Vader MP3 player released in July 2008."[26] The Clone Wars received a 19% approval rating (earning a "rotten" rating) among 150 reviews compiled at the Rotten Tomatoes site. The player includes one gigabyte of memory. it's something you want to escape from. Lego announced a product line for the film and the TV series. a silver one with Captain Rex and a Galactic Empire logo on it. iPhones and MP3 players) was also released. which Andretti attributed to a slow pit stop early in the race.[19] A reviewer from PocketGamer.[22] Racing sponsorship A Star Wars: The Clone Wars open wheel car for the IndyCar Series was unveiled at the 2008 San Diego Comic-Con International. Andretti said."[23] The car finished 14th at Infineon. to be released in July 2008 in the United States and on August 2008 in the United Kingdom. What wears you out is Lucas' immersion in a Star Wars cosmology that has grown so obsessive-compulsively cluttered yet trivial that it's no longer escapism.[23] Reception Critical response The film received negative reviews from critics. which holds 200 songs or 20 hours of music and comes with three interchangeable faceplates: a green one with Yoda and a lightsaber on it. "I just don't think it was a very good performance for us today. The #26 car.[28] At Metacritic.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' storybook."[24] The Clone Wars car was the second collaboration between Lucasfilm. ran August 24 on the Infineon Raceway in the Sonoma Mountains in California. and even the made-for-television Ewok movies and the much-derided The Star Wars Holiday Special garnered higher ratings."[29] Ain't It Cool News posted two reviews of the film during the week before its release.[25] Entertainment Weekly listed Star Wars: The Clone Wars as one [26] with critic Owen Gleiberman saying "It's hard to tell the droids from the Jedi of the five worst films of 2008. The speaker includes an image of Captain Rex and three other Clone Troopers. "I'm hoping that my upcoming battle at Infineon will be as exciting as anything in a Star Wars movie so I can win it for both Blockbuster and Lucasfilm. It premiered as an Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull car at the Indianapolis 500 in May 2008. picture books and an activity book.uk said his expectations for the Jedi Alliance were low due to poor Clone Wars movie reviews. the previous six theatrical films ranged from 63% to 97%. drones in this robotic animated dud.

"parents may be perturbed by the film's relentless violence. which Ebert said was limited to "simplistic declamations"[32] and Claudia Puig of USA Today described as "stilted and overblown."[36] Remember how people talked about the Star Wars prequels like they were the worst movies ever made."[35] Reviewers also criticized the dialogue. bodies that seem arthritic. Snider [39] 94 Many criticized the animation as cheap. critic Owen Gleiberman gave the movie an F grade and wrote. McCarthy said it allowed for "somewhat more dramatic compositions and color schemes. a problem also in some of the live-action incarnations. "If this were a true Star Wars film. an invasion. look mechanical. and moving lips on half-frozen faces—all signs that shortcuts were taken in the animation work. non-engaging. '.. both of the characters and the compositions. "This isn't the Star Wars we've always known and at least sometimes loved."[31] Many critics also said that the battle scenes were repetitive and lacked tension.. "Director Dave Filoni is so concentrated on the action that we're never given the chance to care who lives and who is blown into spare parts.[31] [32] [34] [35] [36] [40] [41] some reviewers drew negative comparisons to 1960s marionette-based shows Thunderbirds and Fireball XL5. of the New York Post. however. The retraction prompted some readers to allege a conspiracy by LucasFilm to keep negative press out of circulation until the release of the film. and the mostly familiar characters have all the facial expressiveness of Easter Island statues."[35] Linda Stasi. a lightsaber fight. of The Philadelphia Inquirer.I've got a bad feeling about this.[41] Puig. of The Hollywood Reporter.[30] Several critics compared The Clone Wars to a Saturday morning cartoon[31] [32] [33] and described it as little more than a plug for the upcoming animated series."[40] Jason Anderson. said the movie "pretty much drives a stake into the heart of every loyal fan of the movies. Eric D."[35] Joe Neumiar. and on and on."[35] and Carrie Rickey."[43] Roger Ebert said "the characters have hair that looks molded from Play-Doh. of the New York Daily News. they weren't THAT bad? The Clone Wars actually IS that bad. The Clone Wars is to Star Wars what karaoke is to pop music. writing that whereas the original Star Wars movies dedicated time to allowing viewers to get to know the characters. right about now somebody would say.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' day of the film's release. a spaceship dogfight. but although the review by site creator Harry Knowles was negative. "The best that can be said about the movie is that it's harmless and mostly charmless. some more exposition. said the scenery and backgrounds were "vivid and alive".'"[37] In his review for Entertainment Weekly. wrote that although The Clone Wars is intended for younger audiences." But some of the same reviewers who criticized the animation acknowledged some positive elements about it. said she enjoyed the character and that "her repartee with Anakin enlivens things. and out-of-date."[44] Ebert also found protagonist Ahsoka Tano "annoying. when really. of the Globe and Mail. of The Philadelphia Inquirer. come on. And now [George Lucas is] out to stick it to those too young to know about Jar Jar Binks."[32] and Michael Rechtshaffen.[31] [32] [35] [38] [44] McCarthy described the action sequences as "a little exposition.[9] Tom Long of The Detroit News said the animation "is downright weak compared to what's generally seen on screens these days"[43] and said the characters are so stiff they look like they were "carved by Pinocchio's father. a bit more blah-blah."[31] . also described the lack of character development in the film.[36] although she said the characters "move as you would imagine the statues at a waxworks might."[32] McCarthy said "the movements. said." Variety magazine reviewer Todd McCarthy said."[38] Carrie Rickey. said the attempts of humor amid the bickering between Tano and Anakin Skywalker are "strained".[34] [37] [41] [42] although George Lucas previously said the animation style was a deliberate homage to such shows.  — Film critic. "George Lucas is turning into the enemy of fun. of the Toronto Star. wrote. wooden.[34] [35] [36] Linda Barnard. Drew McWeeny said that his review was positive and that no such conspiracy existed.

[5] Joshua Rich (March 17. Box Office. .5 million.[1] The film earned $15. July 1. [7] Lupick.00. Retrieved May 11. Retrieved on September 3. "George Lucas Talks 'Clone Wars' (http:/ / www. July 9.3749545. 2008. tradingmarkets. latimes. net/ news. com/ pInterview_7_Gilroy. 2008.554 in domestic box office grosses and $34. extranews. php/ 2008/ 02/ 17/ hasbros-clone-wars/ ) The Official Star Wars Blog (http:/ / starwarsblog. com/ vault/ collecting/ news20080709. com/ index. [4] Diane Garrett (February 11. 2010." (http:/ / fanforcept." (http:/ / www. [15] "Undercity Interviews – Randy Stradley. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Retrieved on September 3. [10] Martinez.com. 2008. html#rss). August 27. 2008. asp?layout=blog& blog_id=1380000138& blog_post_id=1960024396). and it will continue in another medium. galacticbinder. which earned $25. Fellman said. Pictures." (http:/ / www. The standard-definition versions include the film in widescreen format with Dolby Digital 5.starwars." (http:/ / www. Blake. [2] "The Official Star Wars Blog >> Report from Wonder-Con: Lucasfilm Presentation (Part 3)" (http:/ / starwarsblog. Retrieved on September 3. blogspot. org/ archives/ 2008/ 08/ 21/ 095020. 2008.161. html?_r=1& oref=slogin) The New York Times. [12] Geoff Boucher (May 7. com/ index.844 worldwide." (http:/ / starwarsblog. and with feature-length audio commentary. com/ . site/ news/ Stock News/ 1845253/ ) TradingMarkets. "Animated 'Star Wars' to hit theaters" (http:/ / www. The Clone Wars earned $69. in the UK.20184842. "Hispanic animator helps create new Star Wars universe. php?nid=4031) Extra (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=starwarsclonewars. [6] Quenqua. 2008. 2008. August 15.[46] It was the third-highest earning film of the weekend. .[45] including $6. html).. Retrieved on September 3.182.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' 95 Box office The movie was a moderate box office success despite negative reviews from mainstream critics. com/ 2008/ 07/ 01/ business/ media/ 01adco. frugal considering it was a CGI film. 2008. broadcastingcable. head of distribution for Warner Bros. and because the movie was meant to introduce the animated series. [11] ""'The Clone Wars' Soundtrack"" (http:/ / www. variety. We accomplished that mission. "George Lucas on 'Star Wars. 2008). Retrieved March 28. respectively. "The Force lives on.590 screens in its opening weekend. including $35. ew.3 million. 2008. [13] Matthews. Retrieved June 17. Entertainment Weekly. net). starwars. 2008.' Indiana Jones" (http:/ / www. com/ VR1117980757. 2008.[45] Dan Fellman. php) Blogcritics. February 23. starwars. Broadcasting & Cable. "Music Review: 'Star Wars: The Clone Wars' Soundtrack.8 million and $16. 2008. April 3." (http:/ / blogcritics. . html). April 1. Retrieved on November 12. Los Angeles Times. nytimes. Retrieved June 17. com). [8] "Autodesk Maya software serves as animation platform for new Star Wars: The Clone Wars animated feature film and TV series. two-disc Special Edition DVD. "It was targeted to a specific audience for specific reasons. com/ entertainment/ news/ movies/ la-et-lucas7-2008may07. Retrieved April 15.1 Surround EX sound. starwars. .6 million in its second week of release. Retrieved May 11.0. Alex. as do the toys." (http:/ / www. 2008. com/ article-158377/ clone-wars-galactic-task) The Georgia Straight. August 21. extranews.5 million on 3. . starwars. boxofficemojo. Retrieved on August 17. Travis. 2009.com described it as "the first bona fide Star Wars flop. said the box office performance met expectations because two-thirds of the audience were families and the budget for the film was $8.290 in foreign grosses. 2010.[49] Home media The film's 2-disc DVD and Blu-ray Disc was released on November 11. August 21. and Blu-ray Disc. Retrieved on September 3. 2008. com/ index. "Clone Wars proved a galactic task for production team. "George Lucas: 'Star Wars' won't go beyond Darth Vader" (http:/ / www. 2008. Starwars. 2010. 2008. Retrieved on August 21. Variety. com/ 2008/ 04/ ffpt-interviews-randy-stradley. straight.22 million on its opening day. 2008). Retrieved on September 3. 2008. com). Kiko. in the United States and on December 8. .[50] [51] The film was released as a single-disc DVD."[48] The film also earned $22. html) GalacticBinder. [9] Weprin. 2008. [14] "Hasbro's Clone Wars figures at Toy Fair. Douglas. August 26.360 from DVD sales in the US. 2008. 2008). Starwarsblog. tradingmarkets. [3] Star Wars: The Clone Wars Interview With Henry Gilroy (http:/ / www. com). html) Star Wars Undercity Portugal (http:/ / fanforcept. blogspot."[47] When The Clone Wars dropped to $5. February 17. php/ 2008/ 02/ 23/ report-from-wonder-con-lucasfilm-presentation-part-3/ ).[52] References [1] "Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008)" (http:/ / www. htm).725.com (http:/ / www.021. story). ContactMusic. 2008. behind Tropic Thunder and The Dark Knight.com. . 2008. 2008. 2008.

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nsf/ article/ second week of claps for thunder_1078494) ContactMusic. [49] "Star Wars: The Clone Wars" (http:/ / www. Retrieved August 17.com/theclonewars) Star Wars: The Clone Wars (http://www.uk. Amazon.uk: Dave Filoni: DVD" (http:/ / www. the-numbers.com/work/431442) at Allmovie Star Wars: The Clone Wars (http://www. Box Office Mojo. "'Thunder' rumbles past 'Dark Knight' with $26M" (http:/ / ap. com). [51] "Star Wars – The Clone Wars [Blu-ray Disc] [2008]: Amazon. [48] "Star Wars – Second week of claps for Thunder. uk/ dp/ B001CEE1XA). . [52] "The Clone Wars Movie: On DVD & Blu-Ray November 11" (http:/ / www. contactmusic. com/ theclonewars/ news20080925. [47] David Germain (October 17. 2008.rottentomatoes.co. [50] "Star Wars – The Clone Wars [DVD] [2008]: Amazon. boxofficemojo. Amazon.starwars. September 25. 2008" (http:/ / www. amazon. co. uk/ dp/ B001CEE1XK). com/ movies/ 2008/ SWTCW. StarWars.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' [46] "Daily Box Office for Friday. 2008. google.wikia. . amazon. com/ daily/ chart/ ?sortdate=2008-08-15& p=. com/ news. Retrieved June 17. Retrieved June 17.uk. co.co. 2008. 2010. . 2010. Retrieved April 15. . Retrieved June 17. 2008).com/m/clone_wars/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Star Wars: The Clone Wars on Wookieepedia (http://starwars.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Star Wars: The Clone Wars (http://www. 97 External links • • • • Official website (http://www. The Numbers. 2007. contactmusic.co. August 15. Retrieved on September 3. starwars.com. . Box Office Mojo.allmovie. Retrieved August 18." (http:/ / www. 2010.boxofficemojo. August 26.com/movies/?id=starwarsclonewars. .com/wiki/ Star_Wars:_The_Clone_Wars_(film)) .co.uk: Dave Filoni: DVD" (http:/ / www.com/title/tt1185834/) at the Internet Movie Database Star Wars: The Clone Wars (http://www. 2008. 2010. htm). com/ article/ ALeqM5jb68x_tOGx8QHjI0Cr6C-Vy79OGgD92K6GF01). html). php).imdb.com (http:/ / www.

2008 126 minutes United States English $140 million [1] [1] $585.''Iron Man (film)'' 98 Iron Man (film) Iron Man Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Jon Favreau Avi Arad Kevin Feige Mark Fergus and Hawk Ostby Art Marcum Matt Holloway John August Robert Downey Jr. Terrence Howard Jeff Bridges Gwyneth Paltrow Ramin Djawadi Starring Music by Cinematography Matthew Libatique Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Followed by Dan Lebental Marvel Studios Paramount Pictures May 2.222 Iron Man 2 .174.

He also learns that Stane is trying to oust him from his own company. While his father's old partner. were mixed with computer-generated imagery to create the title character. Lieutenant Colonel James Rhodes. Favreau and Paltrow returned in the sequel Iron Man 2. 2010. Favreau signed on as director. and New Line Cinema. were recently delivered to the Ten Rings and are being used to attack Yinsen's home village. Directed by Jon Favreau. After being interviewed by Christine Everhart. Stark burns all the terrorists' munitions and flies away. as Tony Stark. Reviews were very positive. and he chose to shoot the film primarily in California. The Ten Rings leader. The Ten Rings fighters prove no match for Stark. before Marvel Studios reacquired the rights in 2006. aiming for a naturalistic feel. Marvel put the project in production as its first self-financed film. Stark is shot at by two F-22 Raptor fighter jets. but the group reneged on the deal upon discovering who the . Yinsen later confirms Stark's suspicion that Raza will not keep his word. Later. he is also a playboy. offers Stark his freedom in exchange for building a Jericho missile for the group. rejecting the East Coast setting of the comics to differentiate the film from numerous superhero films set in New York City-esque environments.[2] The American Film Institute selected the film as one of the ten best of the year. an industrialist and master engineer who builds a powered exoskeleton and becomes the technologically advanced superhero. which Stark builds to power his electromagnet. Stark begins focusing his energies on building an improved version of his suit as well as a more powerful arc reactor for his chest. he charms her into sex that night. Stark announces that his company will no longer manufacture weapons.''Iron Man (film)'' Iron Man is a 2008 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. and product placement deals were made with Audi. Stark is an inventive genius and wunderkind. created by Stan Winston's company. Stark and Yinsen secretly build a crude suit of armor powered by a miniature arc reactor. Downey also made a cameo appearance as Stark in The Incredible Hulk. the film stars Robert Downey Jr. reporter Everheart informs him that Stark Industries weapons. takes care of day-to-day operations. particularly praising Downey's performance. so Yinsen distracts the guards while Stark powers up the suit. The next morning Stark's disapproving assistant. Stark survives. Virginia "Pepper" Potts. Iron Man. Stark finds himself the prisoner of an Afghan terrorist group known as the Ten Rings. The film is a part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe. however. Stark sends Potts to hack into the company computer system. Stane advises Stark that this may ruin Stark Industries and his father's legacy. who tells him not to waste his life. During filming. Raza. Stark flies to war-torn Afghanistan with his friend and military liaison. Hasbro and Sega sold merchandise. LG and 7-Eleven. He tells Rhodes his secret identity in an attempt to get the attack called off. Enraged. Gwyneth Paltrow plays his personal assistant Pepper Potts. The terrorists finally grow impatient and give Stark 24 hours to finish. She discovers Stane has been supplying terrorists with Stark weaponry and hired the Ten Rings to kill Stark. Obadiah Stane. Burger King. the actors were free to create their own dialogue because pre-production was focused on the story and action. Yinsen to keep shrapnel from working its way to his heart and killing him. Afterward. but manages to escape on his own. only to crash in the desert. The deadline expires before the suit is fully activated. The now-armored Stark battles his way out of the caves and finds the dying Yinsen. during Stark's first public appearance after his return. a major military contracting company he inherited from his deceased father. and they are quickly dispatched. Rubber and metal versions of the armors. but the prototype suit is destroyed. Stark's military convoy is attacked and he is critically wounded. sends her off. After being rescued by Rhodes. Downey. the "Jericho" missile. including the "Jericho". released on May 7. The film was in development since 1990 at Universal Studios. During his three months of captivity. While flying home. 20th Century Fox. Terrence Howard plays military liaison James Rhodes and Jeff Bridges plays Stark Industries executive Obadiah Stane. 99 Plot Tony Stark is the head of Stark Industries. Stark dons his new armor and flies to Afghanistan. for a demonstration of Stark's new weapon. An electromagnet has been embedded in his chest by fellow captive Dr.

removes the arc reactor from Stark's chest and leaves him to die. Agent Coulson hands him an alibi that puts him on his yacht at the time of the attack with Pepper cleaning up his cuts and bruises with makeup. In a post-credits scene.[8] To prepare." the director explained. and then you're supposed to buy into all his 'Let's go do some good!' That Eliot Ness-in-a-cape-type thing.L. Potts later meets with Agent Coulson of the "Strategic Homeland Intervention. but then announces that he is Iron Man. he is CEO of Stark Industries."[4] Favreau also felt Downey could make Stark a "likable asshole". but also depict an authentic emotional journey once he won over the audience.I.L. Undeterred.[5] Downey had an office next to Favreau during pre-production. a counter-terrorism agency. What I usually hate about these [superhero] movies [is] when suddenly the guy that you were digging turns into Dudley Do-Right.. However.] after about several hours in that suit. 100 Cast • Robert Downey Jr. after obtaining the pieces of the destroyed prototype suit.H. noting that Iron Man is not "the only superhero in the world". Stark briefly makes an attempt to establish a romantic relationship with Potts. S. but a scene showed rolling on his back to avoid the electrical surge.. a chief weapons manufacturer for the U. Stark in his armor.I. Howard Stark. agents go to arrest Stane. to inform him of Stane's activities.[6] He brought a deeper sense of humor to the film not present in previous drafts of the [7] script. as Anthony "Tony" Stark / Iron Man: An industrialist. which allowed him greater involvement in the screenwriting process.H. Robert brings a depth that goes beyond a comic book character who is having trouble in high school. says he wants to discuss the "Avenger Initiative".[3] but ultimately chose Downey (a fan of the comic)[4] because he felt the actor's past made him an appropriate choice for the part. hopefully they still have a sense of humor.E. He lures Stane atop the Stark Industries building and instructs Potts to overload the full-sized arc reactor in the building. Potts and several S. but she refuses.''Iron Man (film)'' target was. This unleashes a massive electrical surge that knocks Stane unconscious and sends him falling through the ceiling directly into the reactor. He takes charge of Stark Industries at the age of 21 from Stane. Stane visits the Ten Rings and. as his old reactor is underpowered for his current suit. Stark races to the rescue but is outmatched by Stane. as "Iron Man". and consummate playboy. uses a sonic device to paralyze him.E. "He had to find an inner balance to overcome obstacles that went far beyond his career. By the following day.D.I. He then reverse engineers his own suit from Stark's first. Before speaking at a press conference. Director Nick Fury visits Stark at home. apparently killing him.S. That's Tony Stark.H. Enforcement and Logistics Division". only to be attacked by him in his now functional suit. Pepper fears that she's killed Stark. When someone used to be a schmuck and they're not anymore. Meanwhile. who had been in control of the company since Howard's death. military. Favreau had planned to cast a newcomer in the role.. he is an engineering prodigy.[4] which he said benefited him because "it's hard not to have a personality meltdown [. The son of a Manhattan Project engineer. and. Since it was Stark fighting with Stane. has the group eliminated. Stane ambushes Stark in his house. having built a circuit board at four years old and an engine at six."[9] . as well as graduating from MIT summa cum laude at the age of 17. Stark manages to get to and reinstall his original reactor. Downey spent five days a week weight training and practiced martial arts to get into shape. He explained.D. genius inventor. his scientists cannot duplicate Stark's arc reactor. however. "The best and worst moments of Robert's life have been in the public eye.D. the press has dubbed the mystery person. What was really important to me was to not have him change so much that he's unrecognizable.E.L. I'm calling up every therapeutic moment I can think of to just get through the day. Stark starts to tell the cover story given to him by S. or can't get the girl.

and the liaison between Stark Industries and the U. but at a certain point he realizes that perhaps there is a different way. partly because Rhodes was one of the few black superheroes when he was a child. and he is unsure whether or not Stark's actions are acceptable. Bridges googled the Book of Obadiah. is it the strict military life.[14] Many of Stane's scenes were cut out to focus more on Stark. which is one of the aspects of the modernization of the Iron Man mythos for the movie. who she considered to be very smart. Air Force in the department of acquisitions.[11] While Rhodes is roguish in the comics after he met Stark."[13] • Jeff Bridges as Obadiah Stane: Stark's business second-in-command and the main antagonist of the film. He couldn't walk after a couple of days. yet innocent way. where he ate with the pilots and observed HH-60 Pave Hawk rescue helicopters and F-22 Raptors. his earlier disciplinarian character forms a dynamic with Stark. he comes from an Afghan village called Gulmira. something which Stane represents. which assists him in the construction and programming of the Iron Man suit. there might be a moment or just a hint of vulnerability at times. Yinsen is a Chinese physicist." Favreau wanted Potts' and Stark's relationship to be reminiscent of a 1940s comedy. In the comics. and he did it. I took him out running and gave him some nice cramps. Tahir is a fan of the comics. So I'm going to push it up to about 245 [111 kg]." Howard said.''Iron Man (film)'' • Terrence Howard as Lt. In Peter David's novelization of the film. Stark's butler. Yinsen: Stark's fellow captive. so I'm in there lifting and I pushed up about 225 pounds [102 kg] and knocked it out 10 times. where he hasn't made the right calculations or there's a certain amount of doubt.[10] Howard prepared for the role by visiting Nellis Air Force Base on March 16. something which Paltrow considered to be fun in a sexy. Jon was very receptive to that kind of layering.[19] 101 . Colonel James "Rhodey" Rhodes: A friend of Stark's.[16] • Shaun Toub as Dr. "I tried to find ways to show that although he may be the bad guy. Bridges read the comics as a boy and liked Favreau's modern. levelheaded. but the writers felt Bridges's performance allowed the application of "less is more". "Rhodey is completely disgusted with the way Tony has lived his life.[18] Bettany did the part as a favor to Favreau (having worked with him on Wimbledon) and said he did not know what film he was recording the lines for during his two-hour recording session. Paltrow asked Marvel to send her any comics that they would consider relevant to her understanding of the character. Because I'm 40 or 50 pounds heavier than him. and he was surprised to learn retribution is a major theme in that particular book of the Bible. • Faran Tahir as Raza: The leader of the Ten Rings.[15] • Gwyneth Paltrow as Virginia "Pepper" Potts: Stark's personal assistant and budding love interest. She said she liked "the fact that there's a sexuality that's not blatant. Favreau cast Howard because he felt he could play War Machine in a sequel. realistic approach. He shaved his head and grew a gray beard for the role. Jarvis is revealed as an acronym for "Just A Rather Very Intelligent System"."[17] • Paul Bettany voices JARVIS: Stark's personal Artificial Intelligence computer program. and they competed physically on set: "Robert and his competitive ass almost tore my shoulder trying to keep up with him.[12] He was a Downey fan since he saw him in Weird Howard preparing for the role by riding an F-16 flight simulator Science. or the life of an independent?"[9] Howard and his father are Iron Man fans. 2007. which was something he had wanted to do for some time.[14] and wanted to bring humanity to the henchman. "Whose life is the right way. and grounded. Robert wanted to go about 235 [106 kg]. The name of the character is a reference to the comic book character Edwin Jarvis.S. but in the film.

who becomes War [40] In November 2005.[44] Comic book staff Mark Millar. has a brief cameo as a terrorist guard. as the model for that of the version of Nick Fury in Marvel's Ultimate Marvel imprint. following the credits. New Line's script pitted Iron Man against his father Howard Stark. The idea was he needed the suit to stay alive.[37] "We worked with Michael Crichton's researchers to find a grounded realistic way to deal with the suit. Jackson appears as the agency's head.. in June 2001 for the possibility of the director taking the helm.[36] In December 2002. Marvel Studios worked to start development from scratch. Universal Studios bought the rights to develop Iron Man for the big screen.[46] Favreau also described his approach as similar to an independent film. and Ralph Macchio were also summoned by Favreau to give advice on the script. Jeffrey Caine (GoldenEye) rewrote Vintar's script. McCanlies had turned in a completed script. New Line Cinema returned the film rights to Marvel. and the deal with Cassavetes falling through. 20th Century Fox acquired the rights from Universal. their first independent feature.I. commenting on the investment opportunities ("Sell.[20] Clark Gregg appears throughout the film as Agent Coulson of S.L. actor Nicolas Cage expressed interest in being cast for the lead role.E.[25] Rapper Ghostface Killah cameoed in a scene where Stark briefly stays in Dubai while returning to Afghanistan.[31] New Line entered talks with Joss Whedon. "[i]f Robert Altman had directed Superman".[24] Jim Cramer.[9] By February 1996.[28] In January 1997. Miles Millar and David Hayter.[35] McCanlies's script used the idea of a Nick Fury cameo to set up his own film. Screenplay drafts had been written by Alfred Gough. Jackson's face was used. He's the same guy we used with Spider-Man 2 to come up with Doc Ock's inhibitor chips and what the arms are made of and how they work. Brian Michael Bendis. where she works as a reporter for The Daily Bugle and has investigated Tony Stark. Terry Rossio. Joe Quesada.[31] Director Quentin Tarantino was approached in October 1999 to write and direct Iron Man. Sell") of Stark Industries. Fox eventually sold the rights to New Line Cinema the following December.[26] 102 Production Development In April 1990. the film was being written for the studio[34] by Ted Elliott.] Mandarin was an Indonesian terrorist who masqueraded as a rich playboy who Tony knew.[31] and Tim McCanlies. the studio attached director Nick Cassavetes to the project for a target 2006 release. citing inspiration from Tom Clancy. a fan of the character Iron Man." —Alfred Gough on his draft for Nick Cassavetes' and New Line's aborted version [38] In December 2004. Jon Favreau was hired as the film's director.[42] Mark Fergus and Hawk Ostby worked separately. and RoboCop. She is a minor character in the comics.[33] By July 2000.[45] Favreau had wanted to work with Marvel producer Avi Arad on another film after the Daredevil adaptation.H. Tom Brevoort.[32] With no deal made. as Iron Man was their only major character not depicted in live action. Sell.D.[23] and director Jon Favreau as Stark's bodyguard and chauffeur. Nick Fury. and realizing the world is far more complex than he believes.''Iron Man (film)'' • Leslie Bibb as Christine Everhart: A reporter for Vanity Fair. [. and lost seventy pounds.. James Bond. Axel Alonso. with Arthur Marcum and Matt Holloway writing the script.[9] The director found the opportunity to create a politically ambitious "ultimate spy movie" in Iron Man. but it was cut from the theatrical release for pacing reasons..[30] Jeff Vintar and Iron Man co-creator Stan Lee co-wrote a story which Vintar adapted into a screenplay.[7] Rage Against the Machine and Audioslave guitarist Tom Morello.[6] and also cited Batman Begins as an inspiration. actor Tom Cruise had expressed interest in producing as well as starring in the film debut of Iron Man.[6] Favreau celebrated getting the job by going on a diet. with his permission. who provides additional guitar music for the film.[47] He wanted to make Iron Man a story of an adult man literally reinventing himself.[22] Other cameos include Iron Man co-creator Stan Lee (whom Stark mistakes for Hugh Hefner at a party).[6] In April 2006. star of CNBC's Mad Money appeared as himself.[41] and announced it as Machine. but they were not retained.[39] After two years of unsuccessful development.[21] and Samuel L. with Favreau compiling both team's scripts.[27] Stuart Gordon was to direct Universal's low-budget film.[29] and in September 1998. Happy Hogan.[43] and the script received a polish by John August.[48] Favreau .

[45] The cameo was filmed with a skeleton crew in order to keep it a secret.[14] Filming at Edwards Air Force Base began in mid-April.[10] Choosing a villain was difficult." a reference to the comic book villain Whiplash.[47] or Palpatine in Star Wars. "I'm shocked that I [was] on schedule.[14] Filming began on March 12. and including Captain America's shield in Stark's workshop.[26] Stane was intended to become a villain in the sequel. because Favreau felt Iron Man's archnemesis.to 200-yard (150–200 m) long set. the Mandarin. I thought that there were going to be many curveballs". such as giving the two fighter jets that attack Iron Man the call signs of "Whiplash 1" and "Whiplash 2. would not feel realistic. with an altered tone.[14] Afterwards.[10] Production designer J. The switch from Mandarin to Obadiah Stane was done after Bridges was cast. as he did not want to do a period piece.[57] . He hired "people who are good at creating action". and the filmmakers acknowledged the coincidence that they would film Iron Man creating the flying Mark III where the Hughes H-4 Hercules "Spruce Goose" was built. a newcomer to action films. which had movable forks in the caverns to allow greater freedom for the film's crew.[9] and he created the speech Stark makes when demonstrating the Jericho weapon. as Downey wanted to try something new each time.[14] Filming concluded on June 25.[55] Exterior shots of Stark's home were digitally composited on footage of Point Dume in Malibu. where the crew endured two days of 40 to 60 mile an hour (60 to 100 km/h) winds. Multiple takes were done.[9] There was much improvisation in dialogue scenes.[10] Howard Hughes was one of the inspirations for the comic book.[50] 103 Filming Production was based in the former Hughes Company soundstages in Playa Vista. would the fantasy of the Mandarin's rings be appropriate.[51] Favreau rejected the East Coast setting of the comic books because many superhero films had already been set there. because the script was not completed when filming began (the filmmakers had focused on the story making sense and planning the action).[49] Favreau also wanted Iron Man to face a giant enemy. He also sought Downey's advice about makeshift objects in prison.[53] The cave where Stark is imprisoned was a 150. with the filmmakers choosing the best lines for filming. 2007.[5] Brian Michael Bendis wrote three pages of dialogue for the Nick Fury cameo scene. to have Stark hold a news conference on the floor. so "the human story [felt] like it belongs to the comic book genre". Stark's capture was filmed at Lone Pine.[49] The decision to push him into the background is comparable to Sauron in The Lord of the Rings. 2007 at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas.[54] and wrapped on May 2. Riva placed an air conditioning system in the set. and other exterior scenes in Afghanistan were filmed at Olancha Sand Dunes. Favreau acknowledged that improvisation would make the film feel more natural. such as a sock being used to make tea. Some scenes were shot with two cameras to capture lines said [26] It was Downey's idea on the spot. Marvel Studios's Kevin Feige subsequently ordered the scene removed from all preview prints in order to maintain the surprise and keep fans guessing. where Favreau and Riva aimed to make Stark's home look less futuristic and more "grease monkey". Nevada. Michael Riva saw footage of a Taliban fighter in Afghanistan.[26] while the interior was built at Playa Vista.''Iron Man (film)'' changed the Vietnam War origin of the character to Afghanistan.[7] Favreau felt it was important to include intentional inside references for fans of the comics.[52] with the first few weeks spent on Stark's captivity in Afghanistan. and saw the cold breath as he spoke: realizing remote caves are actually very cold. but rumors appeared on the Internet only days later.[45] He felt only in a sequel. remarked. especially after Mark Millar gave his opinion on the script.[45] The Crimson Dynamo was also a villain in early drafts in the script. Los Angeles.[56] Favreau. California.

While he normally composes after watching an assembly cut. wind and frost on the lenses.[60] Granov's designs were the primary inspiration for the film's design." The other themes are "not so much character based.[14] a name which Obadiah Stane calls Tony Stark and himself earlier in the film.[61] For further study of the physics of flying. Through his older brother. Amir. It also foreshadows the design of Stane's armor. the back is less armored than the front. Downey would only wear the helmet.[14] A scale model of the "Iron Monger" suit The Mark I design was intended to look like it was built from spare parts: particularly.[47] Saunders streamlined Granov's concept art.[62] Phil Saunders created concept art for the War Machine armor and said that it was originally intended to be used in the film but was "cut from the script about halfway through pre-production. Very much like a machine. To generate shots of Iron Man and the F-22 Raptors battling." Saunders said that the War Machine armor "was going to be called the Mark IV armor and would have been weaponized swap-out parts that would be worn over the original Mark III armor.0 m).[58] Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) was hired to create the bulk of the visual effects with additional work being completed by The Orphanage and The Embassy. a fan of the comic book. who has a brief cameo in the film as a guard. as Stark would use his resources to make a forward attack. A single 90-pound (41 kg) version was built. They had previously worked on Favreau's Zathura. but rather plot based that carry you through the movie". [26] being built.[64] Guitarist Tom Morello of Rage Against the Machine and Audioslave.[14] Favreau's main concern with the effects was whether the transition between the computer-generated and practical costumes would be too obvious. Favreau trusted ILM after seeing Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End and Transformers."[63] Music Composer Ramin Djawadi is an Iron Man fan. The composer said Downey's performance inspired the several Iron Man themes (for his different moods). causing concern when a stuntman fell over inside it. and he came on board the film after he recognized his work on Jon Favreau's MySpace page. contributed additional guitar work to the movie's soundtrack. as well as Stark's playboy leitmotif.[14] Sometimes. and still has issues of the comic from the late 1970s. but is never actually used for the suit itself.[14] The Embassy created a digital version of the Mark I. skydivers were filmed in a vertical wind tunnel. Djawadi began work after seeing the teaser trailer. . sleeves and chest of the costume over a motion capture suit.[10] Stan Winston. making it stealthier and less cartoonish in its proportions.[14] For shots of the Mark III flying. The animatronic required five [14] A scale model was used for the shots of it operators for the arm. he is also into heavy metal music since the early 1990s." and that it "would have been worn by Tony Stark in the final battle sequence. and landing quickly. 800-pound (360 kg) animatronic version of the comic character "Iron Monger" (Obadiah Stane). The armor was also designed to only have its top half worn at times. it was animated to look realistic by taking off slowly.[59] Stan Winston Studios built a 10-foot (3. Both the stuntman and the suit were unscathed.[26] Iron Man comic book artist Adi Granov designed the Mark III with illustrator Phil Saunders. The Mark II resembles an airplane prototype. and his company built metal and rubber versions of the armors. cameras were flown in the air to provide reference for physics. and was built on a gimbal to simulate walking. Favreau clearly envisioned a focus on "heavy" guitar in the score.''Iron Man (film)'' 104 Effects Favreau wanted the film to be believable by showing the construction of the suit in its three stages. and Djawadi composed the music on that instrument before arranging it for orchestra. Djawadi's favorite of the Iron Man themes is the "kickass" because of its "rhythmic pattern that is a hook on its own. with visible flaps.

Burger King and Audi promoted the film. with Japan to receive the film in September 2008.[67] Oracle Corporation also promoted the film on its site. Or at least — since it certainly has its problems — a superhero movie that's good in unusual ways.[68] A 30-second spot for the film aired during a Super Bowl XLII break. Garth Franklin of Dark Horizons commended the "impressive sets and mechanics that combine smoothly with relatively seamless CG"... 2008.''Iron Man (film)'' 105 Release The premiere was held at the Greater Union theater at George Street.] how did Tony's nemesis learn how to use the suit?"[79] In one of the first major-daily newspaper reviews. Frank Lovece of Newsday lauded the film's "emotional truth [.] help this rise above formula. crowd-pleasing action movie with a sprinkle of anti-war and redemption themes". Tony Stark drives an Audi R8. The result is something that. 2008.[67] Hasbro created figures of armors from the film. and for Transformers. on April 14. whilst hardly original or groundbreaking. O. with the site reporting at that time the film had received a rating of 95% based on 107 reviews and this rating has held its place as of January 2010.400 7-Eleven stores in the United States helped promote the film.[77] Among the major trade journals.[2] [74] The film currently holds a score of 94% based on 233 reviews.[76] Metacritic gave the film normalized average score of 79%. the film was identified as the "best-reviewed film of the year so far" by Jen Yamato of review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. "Robert Downey Jr. and said. Three other vehicles. as Michael Bay did Downey promoting the film in Mexico City [67] In the film..[75] with selected top critics giving it a score of 93% based on 39 reviews.[82] IGN's Todd Gilchrist recognized Downey as "the best thing" in a film that "functions on autopilot. 2008..[67] Sega released a video game based on the film... Todd McCarthy in Variety called the film an "expansively entertaining special effects extravaganza" with "fresh energy and stylistic polish".[72] Estimates for the cost of marketing Iron Man ranged from US$50 to $75 million. also has an "American cheeseburger" from Burger King after his rescue from Afghanistan. which included other iterations of the character. Scott of The New York Times called the film "an unusually good superhero picture. providing requisite story developments and character details to fill in this .[70] Worldwide.[73] Reception Iron Man received critical acclaim.[69] 6."[81] Among the specialty press. the Audi S6 sedan. as General Motors did for Transformers. is nevertheless refreshing in its earnestness to avoid dark dramatic stylings in favor of an easy-going. On May 1.[65] The film was released worldwide except for Japan between April 30 and May 7. along with director Jon Favreau [. Jon Favreau was set to direct a commercial for the fast-food chain. as part of the studio's product placement deal with the respective companies.] pitch-perfect casting and plausibly rendered super-science" that made it "faithful to the source material while updating it – and recognizing what's made that material so enduring isn't just the high-tech cool of a man in a metal suit. Sydney. based on 38 reviews. also appear in the film. and LG Group also made a deal with Paramount.[71] Audi created a tie-in website. as well as Titanium Man (who appears in the video game) and the armor from the World War Hulk comics.[78] while Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter praised the film while nonetheless finding "disappointment [in] a climatic [sic] battle between different Iron Man prototypes [. Audi S5 sports coupe and the Audi Q7 SUV.[66] Marketing Marvel and Paramount modeled their marketing campaign for Iron Man on that of Transformers.[80] A.. but the human condition that got him there".

ranking number one at the box office.[102] The film was nominated for the Academy Awards for Best Visual Effects and Best Sound Editing at the 81st Academy Awards.174.668 in 4.[1] Home media The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on September 30.[89] giving it the 12th-best second weekend and the fifth-best for a non-sequel. Iron Man has grossed $585.. Terrence Howard. Cristobal Giraldez Catalan at Bright Lights Film Journal argues that.[84] while conversely.[89] giving it the 11th-biggest opening weekend. Iron Man grossed $98.[101] Awards Iron Man was selected by the American Film Institute as one of the ten best films of the year.[100] A Wal-Mart-exclusive release included a preview of Iron Man: Armored Adventures..[110] [111] .222 worldwide. 2008 in Europe.[87] [88] 106 Box office In its opening weekend.[98] [99] There were a total of 9 million copies sold and an accumulated total sales of over $160 million (not including Blu-ray).[109] It was nominated for Favorite Movie at the 2009 Kids' Choice Awards but lost to High School Musical 3: Senior Year. giving it the 13th-biggest opening day.[83] Among major metropolitan weeklies. 2008 Iron Man became the first movie of 2008 to pass the $300 million mark for the domestic box office."[86] Roger Ebert and Richard Corliss named Iron Man as among their favorite films of 2008. It grossed $35.. with narrative and directorial precision. can't do much with an antique role as Stark's girl Friday.[103] [104] It was nominated for nine Saturn Awards. selling over 4 million copies the first week and generating a gross over $93 million USD.[105] winning Best Science Fiction Film. Iron Man was selected by Empire magazine as one of The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time. playing a military man who chases around after Stark.762. behind Spider-Man.. $318. "Iron Man is far more than playboy fantasy.[93] Iron Man was also the number-one film in the United States and Canada in its second weekend.121 in other territories.[85] Looking at the sociocultural aspects of the film.[94] On June 18.2 million on its first day. respectively.[95] [96] As of July 2009. claiming "a slightly depressed.412.] Favreau doesn't go in for stylized comic-book frames. in North America and October 27.[98] For the home releases of the film.''Iron Man (film)'' default 'origin story' while the actors successfully breathe life into their otherwise conventional roles". David Edelstein of New York magazine called the film "a shapely piece of mythmaking [.] Gwyneth Paltrow.[92] Iron Man had the second-best premiere for a non-sequel. once again provides the high-fidelity misogyny and anti-Muslim rhetoric Hollywood is known for. widening her eyes and palpitating. Best Director for Favreau and Best Actor for Downey. David Denby of The New Yorker put forth a negative review.[106] In 2008.[107] Tony Stark was also selected as one of The 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time. He gets real with it — you'd think you were watching a military thriller".105 theaters in the United States and Canada. but lost to The Curious Case of Benjamin Button and The Dark Knight. going-through-the-motions feel to the entire show [.Iron Man.. Fandomania..618.com ranked Iron Man at number 37. It had the fourth-biggest opening for a superhero movie.101 in the United States and Canada and $266.[108] On their list of the 100 Greatest Fictional Characters. 2008.[90] ninth widest release in terms of theaters. at least in the first half. it is American foreign policy realized without context. looks dispirited and taken for granted".[91] and the third highest-grossing opening weekend of 2008 behind Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and The Dark Knight.. who loves him but can't say so. the image on the newspaper Stark reads before he announces he is Iron Man had to be altered because of amateur photographer Ronnie Adams filing a lawsuit against Paramount and Marvel for using his on-location spy photo in the scene. grossing $51.1 million.[97] DVD sales were very successful.

Controversial Tropic Thunder Pics" (http:/ / www. "First look: Downey forges a bond with Iron Man role" (http:/ / www. php?id=7224). "Gwyneth Paltrow Plays Pepper Potts" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=ironman. was released in the United States on May 7. php?a=story& b=28467). 47–50. Retrieved 2008-10-14. . Retrieved 2008-05-17. [12] Worley. "Pumping Iron". [19] Huver. scifi. White" (http:/ / web. . 2008.''Iron Man (film)'' 107 Sequels The sequel. com/ node/ 31525). [5] Allsletter. com/ articles/ 709/ 709941p1. Also starring is Gwyneth Paltrow as Pepper Potts. MTV Splash Page. superherohype. php?id=7150). Comics2Films. "We do have a contract with Robert Downey Jr. . USA Today. Marvel Comics' corporate parent.[112] Jon Favreau said that although the character may need reworking. php?category=0& id=53090& type=0) on July 1. . Retrieved 2008-04-22. you don't want to see that. who is also seen as War Machine. The director said. p. . [11] Rolfsen. jhtml). (2008-04-22). "The problem with the Mandarin is that the way it's depicted in the comic books. Superhero Hype!. casting and more!!!" (http:/ / www. IGN (News Corporation). mtv. [18] David. "Iron Man pilot to hit big screen" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-10-27. com/ scifiwire/ index. 2013. "Iron Man's Jon Favreau" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-05-02. Marc (April 2008). [6] Ambrose. [15] Adler."[113] After the release of Iron Man 2. airforcetimes. "The Unknown Iron Man" (http:/ / uk. a business rival of Stark's. [10] Quint (2007-02-09). Bruce (2007-03-21). "Iron Man: Terrence Howard lives the dream" (http:/ / www. Talks About Incredible Hulk Cameo. [8] Carroll. com/ m/ iron_man/ ). movies. and The Walt Disney Company. Plus An Exclusive DVD Bonus Clip" (http:/ / splashpage. Del Ray (2008). com/ news/ 2007/ 03/ airforce_ironman_070321w/ ). [7] Hewitt.[114] Paramount and Disney have since reached an agreement where Disney will get the worldwide distribution and marketing rights from Paramount for Iron Man 3 as well as The Avengers. "Paul Bettany on Voicing Iron Man's Jarvis" (http:/ / www. 69. to do it. Feige said. MTV. . [17] Spelling. Chris (April 2008). Iron Man 2. [4] Bowles. the Mandarin would be in the third film. htm?csp=34). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Ian (2008-04-29). Retrieved 2008-06-26. archive. rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2008-03-04. Retrieved 2008-03-18. com/ news/ topnews. org/ web/ 20080701045740/ http:/ / www. Mickey Rourke as Whiplash. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1583534/ story. Superhero Hype!. Edward (2008-05-01). com/ news/ topnews. Superhero Hype!. Larry (2008-03-18). Tom (2007-07-26). Rob (2008-03-03). Ain't It Cool News. pp. com/ ). "Iron Man Star Robert Downey Jr. usatoday. Retrieved 2008-04-01. Don Cheadle replaces Terrence Howard in the role of Colonel Rhodes. which has distribution rights to certain Marvel properties. [3] Stax (2006-05-24). htm). html). [9] Shapiro. "Iron Man: The Set Visit . . Shawn (2008-09-30). with a screenplay by Justin Theroux. Ryan (2008-04-01). . Retrieved 2007-12-13. com/ stories/ 0803/ 03/ jonfavreau. Box Office Mojo. Scott (2008-05-16). Rotten Tomatoes. comicscontinuum. Click "About the film" to access. [16] Douglas. mtv. Sci Fi Wire. com/ news/ featuresnews. Retrieved 2008-04-29. ign. Comics Continuum. . clouded the timing and the distribution arrangement of a possible third film. Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige said he is happy with the results of Iron Man 2 and predicted that Iron Man 3 will be in theaters by 2013. Retrieved 2007-02-10. . . comics2film. 66–72. Starlog: pp. 2010 with Jon Favreau and Robert Downey Jr. "The Man In The Iron Mask". "Iron Villain Not Black. com/ scifiwire/ index. php?category=0& id=53090& type=0). php?id=7001). a villain with technologically enhanced whips. . [13] Rotten. Iron Man. a conflict between Paramount Pictures. Retrieved 2006-12-06. . [14] "Notes" (http:/ / ironmanmovie. scifi. Air Force Times. superherohype. returning as director and lead. marvel. Iron Man 3 is slated for release on May 3. or the rings are not really rings. Peter. Retrieved 2007-03-22. com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2007-04-26-iron-man_N. respectively. "Quint visits the IRON MAN production offices! Art! Favreau speaks about sequels (?!?). Empire. Inc. [2] "Iron Man Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. "Iron Man Co-Writers Discuss Their Favorite Deleted Scenes.Terrence Howard" (http:/ / www. . and it will come after The Avengers". aintitcool. htm). Rob M. He has 10 magical rings — that just doesn't feel right for our [franchise]. Scott (2007-04-26). Sam Rockwell as Justin Hammer. .[115] References [1] "Iron Man (2008)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. "Super Fly Guy". com/ 2008/ 09/ 30/ iron-man-co-writers-discuss-their-favorite-deleted-scenes-plus-an-exclusive-dvd-bonus-clip/ ). . IGN Entertainment. So it's either tech-based. com/ index. Empire. superherohype. Retrieved 2009-07-01.

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Todd (2008-04-25). . com/ bw/ search/ article_display. Newsday. Retrieved 2010-05-09. variety. [67] Stanley. "Iron Man: The Set Visit . "Iron Man Movie Update!" (http:/ / www. Ain't It Cool News. . com/ news/ topnews. com/ news/ topnews. php?id=7069). com/ news/ 2006/ 11/ 6-10). ew. [78] McCarthy. mil/ news/ story. af. 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-21. oracle. hollywoodreporter. com/ services/ newspaper/ printedition/ tuesday/ news/ ny-etiron295667140apr29. Joe.

com/ arts/ critics/ cinema/ 2008/ 05/ 05/ 080505crci_cinema_denby). "It just keeps on getting better and better for Iron Man" (http:/ / www. . html). asp). with reporting by Josh Horowitz. com/ headline. .com. . brightlightsfilm. Roger (2008-12-05). . saturnawards. . . Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-06-25. html?desc=topstory). Retrieved 2008-05-03. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. ' 'Kill a few arabs and enjoy your cheeseburger' (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. list/ index. com/ apps/ pbcs. ""Iron Man" bolts past $300 million at box office" (http:/ / www. "Iron Man 3" Promised for 2013" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-05-21. htm). Retrieved 2008-12-09. [90] "Biggest Openings at the Box Office" (http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 20081205/ COMMENTARY/ 812059997/ 1023). com/ feeds/ ap/ 2008/ 05/ 04/ ap4967190. . movies. com/ 2009/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 02/ 22/ oscar. MTV. html). com/ movies/ 2008/ IRNMN-DVD. com/ 61/ 61ironmancatalan.''Iron Man (film)'' [83] Gilchrist. nick. Retrieved 2009-07-01. Empire Magazine. com/ stories/ n19296777-ironman/ ). com/ 500/ 18. Retrieved 2008-05-12. Fantasy & Horror Films. Nick. Retrieved 2008-05-03. The New Yorker. 2008. Associated Press. Box Office Mojo. . empireonline. "A Hero for Our Times" (http:/ / nymag. php). [93] Germain. htm). jhtml). 2008-05-11. htm).com. the-numbers. Academy of Science Fiction. Retrieved 2010-03-31. . nickkcapress. [97] Ault. htm?page=WIDEST& p=. forbes. com/ alltime/ days/ ?page=open& p. . nominees. and there were a lot of them" (http:/ / rogerebert. full. [95] "Iron Man (2008)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2008-06-25. html) on May 8. . . com/ alltime/ widest. "Unsafe" (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20080508173509/ http:/ / www. February 6. 2008). afi. 2010 110 . newyorker. Fantasy & Horror Films. Retrieved 2008-12-09. mtv. [99] Paris. Retrieved 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2009-02-22. [91] "Movies With the Widest Openings at the Box Office" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 2008-05-03. . com/ alltime/ weekends/ moreweekends. Susanne (2008-05-05). Academy of Science Fiction. newsdaily. [101] "Iron Man DVD (Review)" (http:/ / comicsworthreading. com/ articles/ 870/ 870262p1. "Iron Man to kick off fourth quarter" (http:/ / www. Carl (2008-06-19). com/ kids-choice-awards/ nominees. Comics Worth Reading. Larry.com. com/ tvevents/ afiawards08/ ). "The best films of 2008. Collider. David (2008-05-05). ign. [108] "Empire's The 100 Greatest Characters of All Time" (http:/ / www. "Marvel turns Iron Man into gold with $100M-plus debut" (http:/ / web. htm?page=2& p=. . Retrieved 2008-05-02. Retrieved 2010-05-10. html). Retrieved 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2008-07-22. com/ movies/ reviews/ 46460/ ). [113] Carroll. Box Office Mojo.Weekend Box Office Results" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. suntimes. org/ sa_35th_062409. com/ article/ CA6580245. 2008. com/ movies/ 2008/ oct/ 15dvd. php). 2008). Richard (2008-12-09). doc). html). com/ feeds/ ap/ 2008/ 05/ 04/ ap4967190. Arthur J. [85] Denby. Retrieved 2008-09-19. html). CNN. htm).1855948_1863826_1863827. forbes. com/ 2009KCA/ nominees. Retrieved 2010-05-21. Nick KCA Press. Retrieved 2009-07-11. org/ nominations. [109] "The 100 Greatest Fictional Characters" (http:/ / fandomania.. Cal (2008-09-17). Retrieved 2009-07-01. php). . com/ entertainment/ news/ article. David (2008-05-04). com/ time/ specials/ 2008/ top10/ article/ 0. 2009-02-22. The-Numbers. Retrieved 2009-02-22. worstpreviews. empireonline. . [106] "“The Dark Knight” receives five Saturn Awards at the 35th Annual Saturn Awards" (http:/ / www. com/ 100-greatest-fictional-characters-40-36/ ). 3/4 stars [88] Corliss. IGN. [87] Ebert. . com/ movies/ ?page=daily& id=ironman.com. May 6. Retrieved 2008-05-04. .DVD Sales" (http:/ / www. [112] ""Iron Man 2" Earns $133 Million. time. cnn.30583. collider. 2010. "'Iron Man 2' Director Jon Favreau Wants The Mandarin For Third Movie" (http:/ / www. David (2008-04-25). May 9. . 2010. videobusiness. com/ alltime/ weekends/ ). Retrieved October 22. [103] "Academy Award winners and nominees" (http:/ / www. Cristobal G (Aug. htm). New York.. . oscar. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2009-03-17. . . Box Office Mojo. "Iron Man Review" (http:/ / uk. Todd (2008-04-29). Time. "Top 10 Movies" (http:/ / www. Video Business. [89] "Iron Man (2008) . . [84] Edelstein. . com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=ironman. com/ oscarnight/ winners/ ). [111] "Kid's Choic Awards 2009 – The Winners" (http:/ / www. Forbes. Retrieved 2010-05-21. com/ news/ articles/ 1638536/ 20100505/ story. htm). NewsDaily. [102] "AFI Awards 2008" (http:/ / www. (October 15. Empire Magazine. [104] "Oscars. "IRON MAN Censored" (http:/ / www. [100] Kemp. October 5. saturnawards. [92] "Opening Day Records at the Box Office" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. [96] DiOrio. php?id=17650).com . American Film Institute. asp?c=48). Chicago Sun-Times. com/ 100-greatest-movie-characters/ default. Rediff India Abroad. Box Office Mojo. [98] "Movie Iron Man . . . [110] "Nickelodeon Unfolds Luminous List of 2009 Kids' Choice Awards Nominees" (http:/ / www. WorstPreviews. Retrieved 2008-04-29. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 2008-10-31. . [105] "Nominations for the 35th Annual Saturn Awards" (http:/ / www. archive. [94] "Top Weekends:2nd-12th" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.81st Academy Award winners" (http:/ / www. Fandomania. jhtml). 2009. [86] Catalan. . com/ 2008/ 10/ 05/ iron-man-dvd-review/ ).00. asp/ aid/ 9202/ tcid/ 1). [107] "Empire's The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time" (http:/ / www. rediff. .

net. Daniel (May 10. 2010.Iron_Man_(2008)) at Marvel. ComingSoon.boxofficemojo.htm) at That's (Marvel) Entertainment Jumper (film) Jumper Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Doug Liman Simon Kinberg Lucas Foster Jay Sanders Stacy Maes David S. .com/title/tt0371746/) at the Internet Movie Database Iron Man (http://www. Retrieved 2010-05-12. The Wrap. 2010.com/film/titles/ironman) at Metacritic Iron Man (http://www. October 18. php?id=70864).metacritic.''Iron Man (film)'' [114] Frankel. net/ news/ movienews.allmovie.com/m/iron_man/) at Rotten Tomatoes Iron Man (http://www.ironmanmovie.htm) at Box Office Mojo Iron Man (http://www.com/work/353425) at Allmovie Iron Man (http://marvel. 111 External links • • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. Retrieved October 19. [115] "Disney to Distribute The Avengers and Iron Man 3" (http:/ / www.com/movies/?id=ironman.com Iron Man (http://moviegrande.com/movies/Iron_Man.imdb. .rottentomatoes. Goyer Jim Uhls Simon Kinberg Steven Gould Screenplay by Story by . "Will There Be an 'Iron Man 3' — and Whose Will It Be?" (http:/ / www. 2010). thewrap. com/ article/ what-iron-man-3-17187).com/iron_man/marvel.com/) Iron Man (http://www. comingsoon.

named Jumper: Griffin's Story. Jumper was filmed in 20 cities in 14 countries between 2006 and 2007. The script went through a rewrite prior to filming and the roles for the main characters were changed during production.231.''Jumper (film)'' Starring Hayden Christensen Jamie Bell Samuel L. a snow globe. The film follows a young man capable of teleporting to any location as he is chased by a secret society intent on killing him. Plot Teenager David Rice gives his crush. The film is directed by Doug Liman and stars Hayden Christensen.3 million. He suddenly finds himself in the local library with drenched clothes. Jackson Rachel Bilson Michael Rooker Diane Lane Kristen Stewart John Powell 112 Music by Cinematography Barry Peterson Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Saar Klein Regency Enterprises New Regency Productions 20th Century Fox February 14. Jackson. he runs away and is believed dead by his alcoholic father. and living lavishly using money stolen from banks via his jumping abilities. A bully. Rachel Bilson. Annasophia Robb. PlayStation 2. The DVD was released on June 10. Mark. The film held the first position in its opening weekend with $27. 2008 88 minutes United States English $85 million [1] $222. loosely based on the 1992 science fiction novel of the same name by Steven Gould. which prevent him from being able to jump. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes recorded a 16% approval rating and 35/100 on Metacritic. After a day of jumping. Eight years later. Roland later discovers Mark in police custody and learns David's identity. but despite this success. reviews from critics were generally negative. Cox tries to trap him with electrical cables. knowing her dreams of traveling someday. 2008. and both Christensen and Liman have spoken of one or more sequels. Millie. 2008 and a soundtrack was released on February 19. He leaves him there and returns to Millie.186 Jumper is a 2008 American science fiction film. doing various sports. David escapes and returns home to Ann Arbor seeking Millie. Max Thieriot . Samuel L. or teleport. David falls through the ice and is pulled away by the current. Jamie Bell. The film was released on February 14. an adult David has settled into a life of adventure. throws the globe onto the ice near a river. inviting her to travel to Rome. Unhappy with his life. and Wii consoles. spending his days jumping around various continents. While trying to retrieve it. He discovers he can "Jump". . He is attacked by Mark and purposely teleports him into a bank vault. he is ambushed in his home by Roland Cox. Several novels were developed as tie-ins to the film along with a video game for the Xbox 360. disappearing from one place and instantly appearing in another. and Diane Lane.

as the Paladins killed his parents when he was a child and have tried to kill him several times. who tells him to leave.''Jumper (film)'' David and Millie visit the Colosseum only to find it closed. David separates the apartment from the rest of the building and teleports it away. David declines and puts her on a plane home. wanting to save Millie." Several Paladins show up and attack them. takes him to a cave in the Grand Canyon. David visits his mother and is stunned when a girl. Griffin kills one and teleports. Mary tells David she has known he was a Jumper since he was five. Upon arriving. and abandons him there. They fight through several locations. David teleports to his father. David's mother Mary. David tries to follow her. Sophie. finds him bleeding and teleports him to a hospital. telling him that he could have been killed instead. his half-sister. asking where to find Roland. The Paladins follow using a machine that keeps the wormhole open and fight with David and Griffin. David refuses. now very suspicious. He meets with Millie outside and they jump to an unknown location. David tells Millie the police let him go and they leave together. He breaks into her apartment. who had left David when he was five. David tries to leave with Millie. and had to either kill David or leave. David cannot escape as he is tied to the apartment. David uses his abilities unlock a door from the inside. Then he grabs Roland. and David traps Griffin with power lines. David sees Roland arriving and shows her what he can do. Griffin explains that Paladins are religious fanatics who believe Jumpers are an affront to God and have been hunting them for centuries. David jumps to Griffin's lair. Griffin decides to take a bomb to Millie's apartment and kill everyone. He goes anyway and is quickly trapped by Roland's electric cables. He returns to Griffin and convinces him to go with him to the airport to greet Millie. While opening another door. He warns David that "Paladins" are coming-an extremist group who has been tracking down and killing Jumpers from "the beginning. but she says if he wants the girl to live he must leave now. appears and throws him the keys to his handcuffs. but is detained by Italian police and questioned about the death. he discovers another Jumper. He teleports her back to Griffin's lair. She tells him he has very little time to leave. She is a Paladin. She again allows him to leave. While waiting for a magistrate to arrive. taking the body with him. Griffin. demands the truth. but snatches Millie back to her apartment with a cable. He has been trying to kill Roland for years. Griffin returns to his lair to get weapons while David searches for Millie. telling a skeptical Millie the door was already unlocked. Griffin warns that if he faces the Paladins alone he will be outnumbered. 113 . they realize her flight landed an hour ago. He also says that Paladins will kill Jumpers by targeting their loved ones . allowing him a "head start". answers the door. angering Millie. when Jumpers make their first Jump. Roland is chased back through the portal. Millie.

Joseph Gordon-Levitt. David's mother who separated from her son when he was five years old • Teddy Dunn (Jesse James. actor Samuel L. to ensure accuracy in the storyboarding. actor Hayden Christensen replaced Sturridge in the . 'How would a guy that can teleport fight?' So you were really pushing yourself to try to think of inventive. with producer Simon Kinberg rewriting the original screenplay draft by Goyer. The artists were given specific instruction on the rules of the teleportation used in the film. David's childhood friend and crush who later becomes his girlfriend • Samuel L. actors Tom Sturridge.[6] The following July."[8] Liman agreed on casting older actors for furthering the romantic aspect of the film.''Jumper (film)'' 114 Cast • Hayden Christensen (Max Thieriot. teenage) as Mark Kobold. it's just reinvented as a movie. who each worked on an individual action sequence. the studio announced plans to develop a trilogy based on the novel's premise. Wouldn't the movie be better if he was 25? You have a huge movie here and adults won't go and see an 18-year-old. Eminem.[9] In August. Liman desired another rewrite and Simon Kinberg assisted in completing the script.[4] While other films tend to use only one storyboard artist. You could make a bigger movie than that. a young man who discovers the ability to "Jump" or teleport. and New York. spectacular ways that you could use this jumping talent that these characters have. teenage) as David Rice. Jumper required six. and Jared Padalecki). a renegade jumper who tracks down and eliminates Paladins • Kristen Stewart as Sophie.[2] Liman said about using the novel for developing the script: "This is 100% Steven Gould's story. cool. David's younger half-sister • Diane Lane as Mary Rice. New Regency Productions hired director Doug Liman to helm the film adaptation of the science fiction novel Jumper by Steven Gould. Roland serves as the film's main antagonist. David's childhood bully • Michael Rooker as William Rice."[5] Casting In April 2006. Toronto. Screenwriter Jim Uhls was hired to rewrite an adapted screenplay by David S. Jackson was cast as an NSA agent. teenage) as Millie Harris. • Rachel Bilson (Annasophia Robb. Gould revealed that he approved of the deviations from the novel. • Jamie Bell as Griffin.[3] Before filming was to begin. Principal photography was scheduled to take place in Tokyo. They'll consider it a children's movie.[2] However. One of them."[3] In an interview. then turns rebellious. Teresa Palmer. reflected on the instructions: "I was just thinking. Rome. Rob McCallum. the protagonist. the leader of the Paladins whose goal is to kill Jumpers. and Jamie Bell were cast for Jumper with Sturridge in the lead role (who won the role over Heath Ledger. David's father Rachel Bilson and Hayden Christensen filming in Rome in November 2006 Production Script and storyboards In November 2005. Goyer.[7] Production was stopped in June 2006 after producer Tom Rothman told Liman "The lead is 18. Jackson as Roland Cox. Devon Sawa.

filming took place in 20 cities in 14 countries.[16] After Toronto. as the studio "became concerned about not having a more prominent actor in their trio of young stars."[22] Other visual effects studios that assisted with the film include Hydraulx.[18] Since additional filming was required of the area. a set dresser. including those of Big Ben and the Sphinx were created using the program Maya.[14] Many of the shots.[2] [15] Another worker was injured and was sent to a hospital with serious head and shoulder injuries.[20] Visual effects The New Zealand visual effects studio Weta Digital was initially selected to assist in creating a preview clip for the 2007 Comic-Con Convention. and then there were shots where we needed to create the Coliseum basically from scratch.[19] Altogether. [9] —Hayden Christensen. Ontario and principal photography began in Toronto in October. there are more than 100 jumps in the film.[14] .[12] Filming took place for 45 minutes in the morning and in the evening so as not to disturb the public touring the amphitheater throughout the day. The Matrix was largely about stopping time whereas this was about using slow shutter speeds on those still array cameras to end up with a streaky motion-blurred image as the perspective was changing. reflecting on filming in the Colosseum ” In September 2006. The crew was required to keep equipment off the ground by using harnesses and had to rely on natural light for filming. On January 26 in Toronto. and each jump was modified based on the distance and location the character(s) jumped.[22] The jumps were developed using Nuke and Shake software programs. four steadicams were set up to ensure time was not wasted in reloading the camera. Liman replaced Palmer with Rachel Bilson. and developed a hyperdilated pupil that required hospital care while filming various scenes. twenty other students were used for a day of filming in September.[9] [14] [21] In total.[22] Weta's VFX supervisor Erik Winquist explained how the visual effects of the jumps were created: "The concept of what a jump looks like changed and evolved a little over the course of post production. was fatally struck by frozen debris while dismantling an outdoor set in wintry conditions. Liman negotiated with the Rome Film Commission for rare access to film for three days in the Colosseum. The scene in the Colosseum was originally written for the Pantheon. the actor injured his hand."[14] After filming in Rome. Michigan.[13] In order to maximize the short period for filming. at which exterior shots were also filmed.''Jumper (film)'' lead role as David just two weeks before the beginning of shooting. and it was just beautiful.[8] A visual effects supervisor explained how visual effects were needed for various aspects after filming: "There were three kinds of shots: there were shots where they were able to get most of what they needed in the Coliseum [sic] itself. not a soul in there.[8] 115 Filming “ We'd walk in at dawn with the sun coming up so Doug could get the light he wanted. and then there were shots on a set that needed extensions beyond the limits of the set.[2] [11] In December 2006. the next filming site was set up at Gallup Park in Ann Arbor.[14] The studio's 100 employees later developed the visual effects for 300 of the 600 shots in the film.[8] As a result of director Liman insisting Christensen perform his own stunts. split open his ear. scenes were filmed in Toronto during December 2006 to January 2007 and wrapped at the Canadian location on January 19. Jumper was filmed at various locations in Peterborough. which is a pretty interesting look. Sixty students from the nearby Huron High School were cast as extras for the film. One scene required over 30 shoots as the scene could only be filmed in between traffic light changes. Digital Domain. 56-year-old David Ritchie. There are shots in the film that use still array footage but not in the same way that we saw in The Matrix. and Pixel Magic.[9] [17] In February 2007. the cast and crew traveled to Tokyo to film scenes."[10] After Christensen was recast for the lead role.

while slipping to the second position in the United States to the release of Vantage Point.net wrote that the film was "An impressive feat as a vehicle for Doug Liman to pull out the stops with some of the most jaw-dropping stunts shot in some of the most amazing locations on earth. the film maintained its number one position in international markets.059.[29] For the first two weekends of its release. Gould developed Jumper: Griffin's Story as a backstory of the character's early childhood before the film. the film set the record for the largest February release in Korea and had the first place position in 11 of the 30 markets it was released in.[33] Oni Press released a graphic novel that portrays several back stories related to the film titled Jumper: Jumpscars. the author of Jumper and Reflex also wrote Jumper: Griffin's Story as a tie-in for the film. 2008 in the United States and Canada.428 theaters from Friday to Sunday. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 16% of critics gave the film positive reviews.186 with $80."[23] Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 35 out of 100.128 from the box office in the United States and Canada and $142. one day before the film's wide release. action-packed bundle of nerviness. in the hopes of pulling in business on Valentine's Day.[31] It was the 28th highest-grossing film worldwide for 2008.[27] The film was targeted at an audience of both males and females below the age of 25."[34] The novel was written by Nunzio DeFilippis and Christina Weir and illustrated by Brian Hurtt. [34] Soundtrack . February 14.. released on August 21. focuses on the character Griffin which was created by screenwriter David Goyer specifically for the film. 2008. well-crafted by Liman. When writing the novel. the consensus was "An erratic action pic with little coherence and lackluster special effects.''Jumper (film)'' 116 Critical reception The film received widespread criticism and negative reviews from critics.[30] The film's worldwide gross is $221.600 screens in 3. Because Griffin had not appeared in the two prior novels.[24] Austin Chronicle's Marc Salov called the film ". based on 36 reviews." Box office The film was released Thursday. The novel was released on February 13. based on 156 reviews.. ranking first for the weekend at the box office.[1] Jumper grossed $27. stating: "The world that was being built around these characters was so well-realized and the mythology so interesting that other stories about this conflict would be plentiful and add to what the filmmakers were building. A publisher for Oni Press commented on the tie-in to the film.[32] Novel tie-ins Steven Gould."[25] Edward Douglas of ComingSoon.231.[1] [28] In its first weekend. The novel.pretty slick. 2007."[26] Empire had a verdict of "[Doug] Liman’s least charismatic action movie and the least developed.172.058 from other territories. entertaining stuff. but it still packs some cracking action into its brief running time and lays foundations on which a great franchise could be built. with an average score of 4/10.3 million on 4. Gould had to work closely with a producer of the film to ensure that the story did not conflict with the film's premise. edited into a tight.

''Jumper (film)''


Jumper: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack

Film score by John Powell Released Label February 19, 2008 Lakeshore Records Professional reviews



The score for the film was released on February 19, 2008, after the film's release in theaters. The tracks were all written by John Powell. The music was conducted by Brett Weymark and performed by the Sydney Symphony Orchestra.[36]

Video game release
A video game titled Jumper: Griffin's Story was made for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 2, and Wii consoles. The storyline focuses on the character Griffin as he attempts to avenge the death of his parents. Nicholas Longano of the video game publisher Brash Entertainment stated, "From the very first script read, we knew this had to be made into a game. The teleportation elements make for some very compelling gameplay."[37] The game was released on February 12, 2008, two days before the film's wide release.[38] Game Rankings gave the Xbox 360 version of the game a 28% positive rating, based on 12 reviews.[39] The PlayStation 2 version received a 35% positive rating while the Wii version had a 23% positive rating.[39] Daemon Hatfield of IGN reviewed the Xbox 360 version and gave it a negative review: "Low production values, monotonous gameplay, and lackluster visuals make this a story you can jump past."[40]

''Jumper (film)''


Home media
The film was released on Blu-ray Disc and DVD in North America on June 10, 2008 and internationally on June 16.[41] Special features include a commentary, deleted scenes, an animated graphic novel, featurettes, and a digital copy allowing consumers to watch the film on portable devices.[41]

Prior to the film's release, Hayden Christensen reflected on the possibility of one or more sequels: "This has definitely been set up in a way that will allow for more films, and Doug has been careful to make sure that he's created characters that will have room to grow."[9] Lucas Foster during production of the film stated in an interview: "The ideas got so large, that they really couldn't fit into, you know, one or two movies, they needed to evolve over at least three movies. So we planned the story out over three movies and then we sliced it up in such a way as to leave room for the other two movies."[3] In response to the film's box office performance, director Doug Liman has spoken of his ideas for a sequel. Among them are that Jumpers can reach other planets and travel in time, as well as their capacity for espionage. He has also stated that Rachel Bilson's character will learn how to jump (hinted by David falling unconscious before the jump from the river to the library), just as in Gould's sequel, Reflex.[42] In interviews that followed the release of film (as well as some of the featurettes on the DVD), Jamie Bell was critical of the finished product of Jumper, describing his frustration while they were shooting the film.[43]

[1] Gray, Brandon (February 18, 2008). "Jumper Teleports to the Top" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ news/ ?id=2454& p=. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [2] Roberts, Samuel (February 2008). "A Big Jump". SciFiNow. pp. 36–40. [3] Jumper-"Jumping From Novel To Film: The Past, Present and Future of Jumper" (Special Feature). [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. 2007. [4] Fleming, Michael (November 10, 2005). "Liman in Jumper suit" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117932799. html?categoryid=1238& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [5] Lytal, Cristy (February 10, 2008). ""Jumper" storyboard artist Rob McCallum draws on his comic book cred" (http:/ / www. latimes. com/ entertainment/ news/ movies/ la-ca-workinghollywood10feb10,1,44017. story?ctrack=2& cset=true). The Los Angeles Times. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [6] Snyder, Gabriel; Nicole Laporte (April 3, 2006). "Jumper gets hopping with trio" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117940911. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [7] Kit, Borys (July 10, 2006). "Jackson hops on Jumper" (http:/ / webcache. googleusercontent. com/ search?sclient=psy& hl=en& q=cache:http:/ / www. hollywoodreporter. com/ hr/ search/ article_display. jsp?vnu_content_id=1002802052& aq=f& aqi=& aql=& oq=& gs_rfai=& pbx=1). The Hollywood Reporter. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [8] Day, Aubrey (February 2008). "Leap of Faith". Total Film. pp. 65–69. [9] Dan (February 2008). "Briefing: Jumper". Empire: pp. 66–69. [10] Sampson, Mike (February 14, 2008). "Eminem Almost Had Hayden Christensen's Role In Jumper" (http:/ / www. mtv. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1581622/ story. jhtml). MTV. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [11] Laporte, Nicole; Gabriel Snyder (October 15, 2006). "Bilson joins Jumper" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117951969. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [12] Kiefer, Peter (December 17, 2006). "Oh My God, Can You Rent the Colosseum?" (http:/ / www. nytimes. com/ 2006/ 12/ 17/ movies/ 17kief. html?_r=1& ref=movies& oref=slogin). The New York Times. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [13] Edward, Douglast (February 13, 2008). "Spotlight on Jumper Director Doug Liman" (http:/ / www. comingsoon. net/ news/ movienews. php?id=41797). Coming Soon. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [14] McLean, Thomas (February 22, 2008). "Jumper: Using VFX to Disrupt Space and Time" (http:/ / vfxworld. com/ ?atype=articles& id=3556). VFXWorld. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [15] Tillson, Tamsen (January 26, 2007). "Crew member killed on sci-fi film set" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117958159. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [16] "Stagehand killed on set of Samuel Jackson film" (http:/ / www. msnbc. msn. com/ id/ 16833067/ ). Reuters (MSNBC). January 29, 2007. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [17] "Jumper role leaves Hayden battered" (http:/ / timesofindia. indiatimes. com/ International_Buzz/ Jumper_role_leaves_Hayden_battered/ articleshow/ 2696682. cms). The Times of India. January 14, 2008. . Retrieved May 5, 2009.

''Jumper (film)''
[18] McKee, Jenn (February 24, 2007). "And ... action! Film shot at bridge" (http:/ / www. mlive. com/ entertainment/ aanews/ index. ssf?/ base/ features-1/ 1172303187132380. xml& coll=2). Ann Arbor News. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [19] McKee, Jenn (February 10, 2008). "Extra credit: Local teens with bit parts in "Jumper" will see who made the cut at movie's debut this week" (http:/ / www. mlive. com/ entertainment/ annarbornews/ index. ssf?/ base/ features-2/ 120262926720400. xml& coll=2). Ann Arbor News. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [20] Gaudin, Sharon (January 17, 2008). "Teleportation: The leap from fact to fiction in new movie Jumper" (http:/ / www. computerworld. com/ action/ article. do?command=viewArticleBasic& articleId=9057664). Computerworld. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [21] Cardy, Tom (February 16, 2008). "Transforming a reluctant hero" (http:/ / www. stuff. co. nz/ entertainment/ 271253). The Dominion Post. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [22] Dawes, Bill (February 16, 2008). "Jumping Around with Weta" (http:/ / www. fxguide. com/ article467. html). Fxguide. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [23] "Jumper" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ jumper/ ). Rotten Tomatoes. . Retrieved April 17, 2010. [24] "Jumper (2008): Reviews" (http:/ / www. metacritic. com/ film/ titles/ jumper). Metacritic. . Retrieved April 17, 2010. [25] Salov, Marc (February 13, 2008). "Jumper" (http:/ / www. austinchronicle. com/ gyrobase/ Calendar/ Film?Film=oid:587899). The Austin Chronicle. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [26] Douglas, Edward (February 13, 2008). "Jumper" (http:/ / www. comingsoon. net/ news/ reviewsnews. php?id=42015). ComingSoon.net. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [27] Goodman, Dean (February 17, 2008). "Jumper leaps to top of North American box office" (http:/ / www. reuters. com/ article/ entertainmentNews/ idUSN1729760620080217?feedType=RSS& feedName=entertainmentNews& sp=true). Reuters. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [28] "Jumper (2008) - Weekend Box Office Results" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=jumper. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [29] Segers, Frank (February 18, 2008). "Fox's Jumper leaps to top of international chart with $28.2m in 30 markets" (http:/ / www. screendaily. com/ foxs-jumper-leaps-to-top-of-international-chart-with-282m-in-30-markets/ 4037390. article). Screen International. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [30] "Vantage Point tops US film chart" (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 7262421. stm). BBC News. February 25, 2008. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [31] "Jumper" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=jumper. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [32] "2008 Worldwide Grosses" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?view2=worldwide& yr=2008& p=. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [33] Reed Jr., Ollie (February 22, 2008). "Albuquerque author Steven Gould's book 'Jumper' makes successful leap to big screen" (http:/ / www. abqtrib. com/ news/ 2008/ feb/ 22/ albuquerque-author-steven-goulds-book-jumper-makes/ ). The Albuquerque Tribune. . Retrieved April 17, 2010. [34] "Preview: "Jumper: Jumpscars" — Prequel to Upcoming Film" (http:/ / www. comicbookresources. com/ ?page=article& id=12154). Comic Book Resources. December 13, 2007. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [35] "Review - Jumper soundtrack" (http:/ / www. allmusic. com/ album/ r1314815). allmusic. . Retrieved 2009-07-03. [36] "Jumper" (http:/ / www. soundtrack. net/ albums/ database/ ?id=4787). SoundtrackNet. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [37] Fritz, Ben (November 12, 2007). "Brash leaps on Jumper" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117975876. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [38] "Brash Entertainment Announces Jumper Video Game" (http:/ / www. gamershell. com/ companies/ brash_entertainment/ 384530. html). GamersHell. November 13, 2007. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [39] "Jumper: Griffin's Story - X360" (http:/ / www. gamerankings. com/ htmlpages2/ 943992. asp?q=jumper). Game Rankings. . Retrieved April 17, 2010. [40] Hatfield, Daemon (February 26, 2008). "Brash leaps on Jumper" (http:/ / xbox360. ign. com/ articles/ 855/ 855149p1. html). IGN. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [41] Epstein, Ronald (April 2, 2008). "Jumper" (http:/ / www. hometheaterforum. com/ htf/ sd-dvd-film-documentary/ 270990-tcfhe-press-release-jumper-dvd-blu-ray. html). Home Theater Forum. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [42] Frosty (February 13, 2008). "Director Doug Liman — Exclusive Interview — Jumper" (http:/ / www. collider. com/ entertainment/ interviews/ article. asp/ aid/ 6955/ tcid/ 1/ pg/ 1). GamersHell. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [43] "Jumper Star Jamie Bell on Working With Nut Jobs" (http:/ / www. maxim. com/ movies/ articles/ 56993/ jumperstarjamiebellonworkingwithnutjobs. html). Maxim. June 10, 2008. . Retrieved May 5, 2009.


com/title/tt0489099/) at the Internet Movie Database Jumper (http://www.metacritic.htm) at Box Office Mojo Jumper (http://www.boxofficemojo.com/m/jumper/) at Rotten Tomatoes Jumper (http://www.jumperthemovie.imdb.com/) Jumper (http://www.allmovie.rottentomatoes.com/movies/?id=jumper.com/work/354680) at Allmovie Jumper (http://www.com/film/titles/jumper) at Metacritic .''Jumper (film)'' 120 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.

''Cleaner (film)'' 121 Cleaner (film) Cleaner Directed by Produced by Renny Harlin Steve Golin Avi Lerner Michael P. and Eva Mendes. . Jackson. Jackson Ed Harris Eva Mendes Luis Guzmán Jose Pablo Cantillo Keke Palmer Robert Forster Screen Gems Millennium Films December 14. 2007 88 minutes  United States Written by Starring Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue English $17 million $3.768. and starring Samuel L. Ed Harris.452 (INT) [1] Cleaner is a 2007 thriller film directed by Renny Harlin. Flannigan Matthew Aldrich Samuel L.

When he is called in to sterilize a wealthy suburban residence after a brutal shooting. and performs much of the duties himself.''Cleaner (film)'' 122 Plot Single father and former cop Tom Cutler has an unusual occupation: he owns and operates a crime scene cleanup company. Darrin Harris Vic Crying Woman Priest #1 Priest #2 Lawyer Francine Mason Ritchie Montgomery George Walton Patrick Kirton Jeff Lang . Cutler is shocked to learn he may have unknowingly erased crucial evidence. Jackson Ed Harris Eva Mendes Luis Guzmán Keke Palmer Maggie Lawson Jose Pablo Cantillo Robert Forster Edrick Browne Marc Macaulay Rosalind Rubin Mike Guy Richard Folmer James Barnes Linda Leonard Role Tom Cutler Eddie Lorenzo Ann Norcut Det. and become entangled in a dirty criminal cover-up. Jim Vargas Rose Cutler Cherie Miguel Arlo Grange Det. The film currently holds an 18% fresh rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Reception The film received generally negative reviews from critics. Cast Actor Samuel L.

2008 and opened at #5 and sold 75.cinemavip.404 DVDs which translated to revenue of $7. the-numbers. com/ movies/ 2008/ CLENR-DVD. [2] http:/ / www.537.[2] References [1] "The Numbers" (http:/ / www.php?con=861) • Cleaner (2007) Reviews (http://www.com/informaciondecontenido.487.com/title/tt0896798/) at the Internet Movie Database • Cleaner trailer (http://videos. which gathered revenue of $1. php External links • Cleaner (http://www.505. . It went on to sell 380.312 DVD units.788.rottentomatoes. The Numbers. php). com/ movies/ 2008/ CLENR.com/m/10008871-cleaner/) at Rotten Tomatoes .imdb.''Cleaner (film)'' 123 DVD Sales Cleaner was released on May 27. the-numbers.

Jackson Josh Hartnett Teri Hatcher Kathryn Morris Alan Alda Larry Groupe Rod Lurie/Julianna Raye Kevin J. Alberta. Jackson.[2] It stars Samuel L. Times Magazine article by J. based on the L. among others. . Colorado. Canada.242. Moehringer.A. 2007 United States English $3.''Resurrecting the Champ'' 124 Resurrecting the Champ Resurrecting the Champ Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Rod Lurie Bob Yari Michael Bortman Allison Burnett Samuel L. This film centers around the life and career of professional boxer Bob Satterfield. It was filmed in Calgary.427 [1] Resurrecting the Champ is a 2007 American drama film directed by Rod Lurie and written by Michael Bortman and Allison Burnett.[3] The film is set in Denver. Edelman Andrew Gowan Music by Cinematography Adam Kane Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Country Language Gross revenue Sarah Boyd Yari Film Group August 24. Josh Hartnett and Alan Alda.R.

Lennix as Robert "Bob" Satterfield Jr." [7] Parsons goes on to express irritation that the film depicted journalism in such a disparaging light.[8] It has also been released in any other region formats. it took $69. Kernan Jr. (who works for a major Denver paper). a male weepie" rather than being primarily focused on journalistic ethics or sports.R. Moehringer. J.''Resurrecting the Champ'' 125 Box office The film earned $3. 2008. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. Jackson as Champ Josh Hartnett as Erik Kernan Kathryn Morris as Joyce Kernan Dakota Goyo as Teddy Kernan Alan Alda as Ralph Metz Rachel Nichols as Polly Teri Hatcher as Andrea Flak Kristen Shaw as Perlmutter Nick Sandow as Rocky David Paymer as Whitley Harry J.172.854 in the rest of the world. does not learn that Satterfield is an impersonator until after the article is published and then seriously considers ignoring this fact for the sake of his burgeoning career. In reality the actual reporter. did extensive research and discovered the boxer's true identity long before any article was ever published.573 in the United States and Canada.[4] Reception The film received mixed reviews.[6] Accuracy of film In an article about the film Los Angeles Times reporter Dana Parsons has said that the film largely distorts the actual events. Peter Coyote as Ike Epstein Ryan McDonald as Kenny Chris Ippolito as Jaws John Elway as himself Jake Plummer as himself . On a very limited release.[5] One reviewer praised the newsroom scenes as "authentic" and noted that the film was above all "about fathers and sons. Media releases This movie was released on Region One DVD widescreen on April 8. with a 59% rating on Rotten Tomatoes. In the film the reporter. Moehringer then changed the focus of the article to "describe how he'd been duped.

Retrieved 2009-09-28.boxofficemojo.CNN. cnn.com/2007/08/30/metro/me-parsons30) .com.''Resurrecting the Champ'' 126 References [1] http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0416185/ [4] http:/ / www.html) • The truth and the fiction (http://articles. htm [2] J. com/ movies/ ?id=resurrectingthechamp. [7] Dana Parsons (2007-08-30).R. Los Angeles Times.resurrectingthechamp. boxofficemojo. 93.com/movies/?id=resurrectingthechamp.rottentomatoes. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-05-22. com/ 2007/ aug/ 30/ local/ me-parsons30).yarifilmgroup. 2007-08-24.com" (http:/ / edition.com/m/resurrecting_the_champ/) at Rotten Tomatoes Resurrecting the Champ (http://www.com (http://www.com/films/resurrectingthechamp/) Resurrecting the Champ (http://www. Moehringer (1997-05-04). 132/ search?q=cache:b39gi9wRM9gJ:articles. . rottentomatoes. CNN. . com/ movies/ ?id=resurrectingthechamp. latimes. [3] http:/ / www.latimes.com" External links • • • • Official Movie Site (http://www. champ/ ). imdb. "RESURRECTING THE CHAMP" (http:/ / 74. com/ m/ resurrecting_the_champ/ [6] "Review: Movie is a 'Champ' . amazon. [8] http:/ / www. . com/ 2007/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 08/ 23/ review.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Resurrecting the Champ review at TheCinemaSource.com. Retrieved 2009-07-26.com/title/tt0416185/) at the Internet Movie Database Resurrecting the Champ (http://www.imdb.com/movies/reviews/ Resurrecting-the-Champ-review-3147-0. com/ 1997-05-04/ magazine/ tm-55180_1_bob-satterfield& cd=20& hl=en& ct=clnk& gl=ca). htm [5] http:/ / uk. "Film resurrects champ but takes punch at journalism" (http:/ / articles. boxofficemojo. 125. latimes. com/ Resurrecting-Champ-Teri-Hatcher/ dp/ B000YDMPC4 http://www.thecinemasource.

2007 106 minutes United States English $25 million [1] $131.''1408 (film)'' 127 1408 (film) 1408 Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Mikael Håfström Lorenzo di Bonaventura Matt Greenberg Scott Alexander Larry Karaszewski Stephen King Short story John Cusack Samuel L. 2007.S. Samuel L.998.242 1408 is a 2007 American horror film based on the Stephen King short story of the same name directed by Swedish director Mikael Håfström. and Mary McCormack. although July 13 (a Friday the 13th) is mentioned as the release date in the trailer posted on the website. Jackson Mary McCormack Gabriel Yared Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Benoît Delhomme Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Peter Boyle Dimension Films Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer June 22. . on June 22. who earlier had directed the horror film Drowning Ghost. Jackson. The film was released in the U. The cast includes John Cusack.

Mike decides to spend one night in the hotel although manager Olin (Jackson) warns him strongly against it. Meanwhile the hotel is evacuated and Lily . he receives an anonymous postcard from The Dolphin. Viewing this as a challenge. Arriving at the Dolphin. Mike begins to attempt to leave the room but all his attempts fail: the doornob falls off the door. A doppelgänger of Mike appears in a new chat window and urges Lily to come to the hotel herself. although his repeatedly unfruitful studies have left him disillusioned and pessimistic. The operator then reminds him Lily is on her way to the room. writes books where he visits and rates supernatural vacation spots despite his knowing they are fake. an author who specializes in the horror genre. Mike eventually learns of the Dolphin Hotel in New York City. then scalded when he attempts to wash it in the sink and boiling steam comes out the faucet. and the digital display flickers and changes to read "60:00. Mike sees a hangman's knot and has a vision of him hanging himself. revealing Mike is still trapped in 1408. However. A vision of Katie appears to Mike. Gerald Olin (Samuel L. he is chased through the air vents back into the roof by a corpse-like figure. and after some reluctance he embraces her in tears. a very old but posh hotel in New York City. winking at mike. that the Fair Housing Act requires hotels to rent unoccupied rooms.''1408 (film)'' The film follows Mike Enslin. and Lily tells him the police have entered 1408 and the room is empty. Later the song plays again. but the hotel will not rent him the room. and after returning to a normal life and reconciling with Lily assumes it was a dream. Mike pulls out his Mini Cassette recorder and dictates on the room's dull and tired appearance. However. and the alarm clock resets itself to 60:00. before she crumbles to dust. but the conversation ends abruptly when the sprinkler system shorts out his laptop after Mike informs Lily where he is. Interested yet skeptical. Olin attempts to bribe Mike to not stay in the room. All the while Mike is assailed by spectral visions of a blade-wielding maniac (Benny "The Jet" Urquidez). Mike uses the bottle of alcohol from Olin to make a Molotov Cocktail and solemnly sets the room on fire. Mike surfaces on a beach. collapsing onto his side and seeing it under the rumble as it counts down. 128 Plot synopsis Mike Enslin (John Cusack) is a skeptic and author who. During his examination the radio suddenly starts blaring "We've Only Just Begun" by the Carpenters. which houses the infamous "Room 1408". now burnt and destroyed. or take advantage of their "express checkout system. and gives him expensive alcohol and a file folder of information on the room to try and convince him. Mike uses his laptop to contact his estranged wife Lily by video chat. The phone rings. he visits the post office and recognizes a construction crew working as the hotel staff. Mike attempts to book a reservation for room 1408. Mike hears the alarm clock begin to play and searches for it. and Mike responds the room cannot have her. smoking a cigarette as the flames spread. bearing the message "don't enter 1408". Mike is pulled aside by the hotel manager. and his hand is crushed by a window sill. and when he climbs out onto the window ledge the windows to the other rooms have vanished. When the countdown ends the room is suddenly restored to normal. and former victims of the room killing themselves. the result of a surfing accident earlier in the film." echoing Olin's warning no one lasts in the room more than an hour. but Mike refuses and Olin reluctantly agrees to let him stay. Shortly after Mike becomes deafened by a loud ringing. and the friendly female voice of the hotel operator informs him that he can relive the hour over and over forever. death. Sam Farrell (Tony Shalhoub). but Mike assumes this is just a trick of Olin's. The room temperate drops to subzero when the laptop suddenly begins to work again. Mike's career is essentially based on investigating allegedly haunted houses. After his latest book. Mike has a series of bizarre experiences in the room. after the death of his daughter Katie (Jasmine Jessica Anthony). the Dolphin reluctantly reserves room 1408 for Mike. Once inside the room. The room shakes violently and suddenly floods with water. They then proceed to destroy the walls of the room. Desperate. He also hallucinates visions of his family. but refuses. Jackson). unimpressed thus far. after being informed by Mike's agent. including his mentally ill father and his daughter's time in the hospital before her death. Through an anonymous warning (via postcard). who warns him that no one has lasted more than an hour in 1408." that is.

with an apparition of Mike looking out the window and smoking a cigarette. Mike declares 1408 the scariest site he has ever visited and hurls his ashtray through the closed window.[2] The alternate ending is the default ending on the Blu-ray release and on the two-disk collector's edition. She was replaced by actress Mary McCormack.[5] joined by actor Samuel L.''1408 (film)'' is seen in traffic on her way to the hotel when the crowd emerges on the street.[9] . Going back to his car.[3] In October 2005. with the screenplay being rewritten by screenwriters Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski. The two reconcile and Mike moves back in with Lily. Jackson the following April. the Roosevelt Hotel in New York was used for some of the exterior shots of the Dolphin. Olin places the tape recorder back in the box and drives off.[6] In July. He hears his daughter calling his name. becoming visibly upset when he hears Katie's voice on the tape. actor John Cusack was cast to star in the film. Enslin. The film ends at the gutted room. and during the move she hands him a box of items retrieved from the rubble of 1408. Lily overhears and stares at Mike in shock while Mike solemnly stares back. This is also the only ending on the iTunes version. hence why he claims "Mike did not die in vain". Mike finds his tape recorder and after some tinkering gets it to play. Firefighters enter the room and pull Mike to safety. and the recorder replays his conversation with Katie. Jackson as Gerald Olin Mary McCormack as Lily Enslin Tony Shalhoub as Sam Farrell Len Cariou as Mike's father Jasmine Jessica Anthony as Katie Enslin Production In November 2003 and 2004. and disappears as he walks towards the room's door. Cast • • • • • • John Cusack as Mike Enslin Samuel L.[7] but she was forced to exit in August due to scheduling conflicts with her role on Grey's Anatomy. Olin approaches Lily and Mike's agent where he unsuccessfully attempts to give her a box of Mike's possessions including the tape recorder. while in his office Olin smiles and whispers "Well done. The UK single DVD also uses this ending. The original ending sees the backdraft engulfing the room as Mike hides under the table. Before being cut off Olin claims that the room was successfully destroyed and that it will no longer harm anyone ever again. causing a backdraft that consumes the room and Mike in flame. Canadian networks Space and The Movie Network broadcast this version of the film. actress Kate Walsh was cast to star opposite Cusack as the protagonist's ex-wife. happy to see the room destroyed as he dies.[8] The Hotel Pennsylvania was used for many of the interior and room shots for the film. Mikael Håfström was hired to direct 1408. Having heard and seen enough. Dimension Films optioned the rights to the 1999 short story "1408" by Stephen King. 129 Alternative (Original) ending Director Mikael Håfström has stated that the ending for 1408 was reshot because test audiences felt that the original ending was too much of a "downer". and he tells her about Katie but Lily doesn't believe him.[4] In March 2006. He looks in the car mirror and imagines seeing a glimpse of Enslin's burnt corpse in the backseat. Olin listens to the recording in his car. The studio hired screenwriter Matt Greenberg to adapt the story into a screenplay. Lily at his bedside. During Mike's funeral." Mike recovers in a New York hospital. Mr. A sound of a door closing is heard and the screen blacks out. According to John Cusack.

php?fid=15) [10] "1408 . html?categoryid=13& cs=1). . com/ article/ VR1117931616. Metacritic. com/ roadtripmyfav. Retrieved 2007-11-03. . . Box Office Mojo. 1408 is certainly no Shining. "Dimension checking into room '1408'" (http:/ / www. Variety. Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle wrote a very positive review. [12] Review: 1408 (http:/ / www. Although he believed the film "conjures a wonderful anticipatory mood of dread in the first 30 minutes". [11] "1408 (2007): Reviews" (http:/ / www. net/ movies/ f/ 1408. "'1408' gets another guest" (http:/ / www. htm). describing the film as "one of the good Stephen King adaptations.678 theaters. Variety. believing it "reminds us what it's like to be scared in a theater rather than overwhelmed by buckets of blood and gore". Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe wrote a mixed review. [8] Ian Mohr (2006-08-13). [7] Ian Mohr (2006-07-11). praising it as "the best horror film of the year". reelviews. html?categoryid=1238& cs=1). com/ film/ titles/ 1408). metacritic. and he has no problem taking it where it needs to go". believing 1408 lacked that film's "lunging horror and dramatic architecture". believing it to be a predictable. Retrieved 2007-05-07. Variety. of which US$71."[15] Box office In its opening weekend. one that maintains its author's sly sense of humor and satiric view of human nature". .[10] On Metacritic. . com/ article/ VR1117939468. variety. and a 2-Disc Collector's Edition that contains both versions of the ending and 12 more minutes of the film. Retrieved 2007-05-06. Not even the TV-movie version. [5] Ian Mohr (2006-03-08). Retrieved 2007-05-06. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1).[14] Rob Salem of the Toronto Star awarded the film two stars out of four. variety.9 million was from Canada and the United States. he ultimately believed the film "then blows it to stylish smithereens". Retrieved 2007-11-03. "Walsh's room is '1408'" (http:/ / www. 2005-10-25. com/ dvdnews/ Advance-Hint-At-1408-DVD-Contents-4676.[16] 1408 had a production budget of US$25 million. rottentomatoes. Rotten Tomatoes.[12] Many critics believed the film to be far superior to other adaptations of Stephen King novels and stories.[17] It was The Weinstein Company's last box-office hit until Inglourious Basterds two years later. Variety. cinemablend. html?cs=1). html?categoryid=1236& cs=1).''1408 (film)'' 130 Reception 1408 opened on June 22. fandango. com/ m/ 1408/ ). based on 154 reviews. html) . Retrieved 2007-05-06. found the film to be underwhelming. Variety. Retrieved 2007-05-06. writing that "this is John Cusack's movie to carry. the film had an average score of 64 out of 100. "'1408' books a new tenant" (http:/ / www. 2007 with a standard 1-Disc Edition (widescreen or fullscreen). [4] "Hafstrom to direct '1408'" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117940923.[11] James Berardinelli awarded the film three stars out of four. . html?categoryid=13& cs=1).6 million in 2. Variety. com/ article/ VR1117948401. "1408" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. a similar King adaptation.[13] Several critics. variety. describing the film as "a lot of consonants and no vowels".DVD News [3] David Rooney (2003-11-05). . He offered significant praise for Cusack's performance as Mike Enslin. [2] http:/ / www. Like Morris. grossing US$20.Movie Tickets and Theatre Showtimes (http:/ / summermovies. com/ movies/ ?id=1408. Salem wrote that "Even as haunted hotel King movies go. variety. [9] Fandango Summer Movies . "hit and miss" production. however. "Cusack finds a room in King's '1408'" (http:/ / www.Rotten Tomatoes" (http:/ / www. He ultimately believed the film to be a "more genuinely scary movie than most horror films". variety. 78% of critics gave the film positive reviews. On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. 2007 to generally positive reviews. com/ article/ VR1117895189. Retrieved 2007-05-06. Retrieved 2007-05-07. He went on to compare the film unfavorably to The Shining. variety. . [6] Michael Fleming (2006-04-03). the film opened in second place at the box office.[17] The film went on to gross US$132 million. based on 27 reviews. com/ article/ VR1117946620. html Advance Hint At 1408 DVD Contents .[18] References [1] Box Office Mojo (2003-11-05). Home media The DVD was released on October 2. He found the film to be a refreshing experience. .

com/ cgi-bin/ article. The San Francisco Chronicle.''1408 (film)'' [13] LaSalle. . [17] "1408 (2007)" (http:/ / www. .boxofficemojo. [18] "Official web site" (http:/ / www. Box Office Mojo. "As thrillers go. David Banner Son House Scott Bomar Music by . 131 External links • 1408 (http://www. . The Boston Globe. htm). "'1408': Hoary movie" (http:/ / www. Mick (2007-06-22). [16] "Weekend Box Office Results for June 22–24. 1408-themovie. "Checkout time? Much sooner than you think" (http:/ / www.com/title/tt0450385/) at the Internet Movie Database • 1408 (http://www. Retrieved 2010-04-18.com/work/351266) at Allmovie • 1408 (http://www. The Star (Toronto). boston. com/ movies/ display?display=movie& id=9186). boxofficemojo. . Retrieved 2007-11-03. Retrieved 2010-10-27. Retrieved 2007-11-03. sfgate. '1408' leaves too much room for fun" (http:/ / www. Box Office Mojo. thestar. Rob (2007-06-22).allmovie.com/movies/?id=1408. . 2007" (http:/ / www. [14] Morris.imdb. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=2007& wknd=25& p=. com/ movies/ ?id=1408. DTL& ytpe=movies). boxofficemojo. Wesley (2007-06-22). cgi?file=/ c/ a/ 2007/ 06/ 22/ DDGMVQHUUE14. com/ entertainment/ article/ 228197). [15] Salem. Jr. htm). com/ ). Jackson Christina Ricci Justin Timberlake S.htm) at Box Office Mojo Black Snake Moan (film) Black Snake Moan Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Craig Brewer Stephanie Allain John Singleton Craig Brewer Samuel L. Epatha Merkerson Michael Raymond-James John Cothran. .

Christina Ricci. Jackson). R. Rae's boyfriend Ronnie (Justin Timberlake) leaves for deployment with the 1960th Field Artillery Brigade. Lazarus buys her a proper dress to wear. Tennessee. a young nymphomaniac. (John Cothran Jr. which has left him a bitter and angry man. and in his absence she has bouts of promiscuity and drug use. and Rae (Christina Ricci). Lazarus's wife and his brother were having an affair. but eventually comes to tolerate her position. Lazarus' pastor and close friend. Believing she's dead. Gill dumps Rae. Ronnie spots Rae and follows her to Lazarus' house. The pastor tries to reason with Lazarus and the group shares a meal. while the plot. visits Lazarus at his house and discovers that Lazarus is imprisoning Rae. not least in its title and soundtrack. Plot The film centers on two main characters: Lazarus (Samuel L. and continues searching for Rae. He ties her to the radiator with a heavy chain to keep her from running away. During one of Rae's binges. 2006 United States March 2. delirious with fever. Angela (S. steals his truck. where Rae confronts her mother (Kim Richards) about the sexual abuse she suffered at the hands of her mother's partner. barefoot by the side of the road and drives away. who informs him that Rae cheats on him whenever he is out of town.). Epatha Merkerson). who has disappeared. He plays a blues concert at a local bar. comparing him unfavorably with another man. Lazarus discovers Rae unconscious in the road the next morning and brings her home to nurse her back to health. He confronts the pair with a pistol. Rae chooses to stay with Lazarus of her own will. Lazarus frees Rae. and he severely beats her. Jackson.846 132 Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Black Snake Moan is a 2006 film written and directed by Craig Brewer. Rae and Lazarus take a trip into town. Ronnie returns to town after being discharged from the National Guard due to his severe anxiety disorder.L.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' Cinematography Amy Vincent Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Billy Fox Paramount Vantage Butt-Numb-A-Thon December 9.[1] The film draws numerous references to the Mississippi Blues movement. Later Lazarus goes to see Tehronne (the man who Lazarus thought had beaten her) and learns of her promiscuity. but Lazarus talks him down and summons the pastor. Later. Ronnie attacks Gill. Rae. After Rae regains her wits. he meets Gill. Meanwhile. Over the course of several days. While searching for Rae. Lazarus has formed a budding romance with the local pharmacist. as confirmed by director Brewer in the commentary to the DVD of the film. It was filmed in and around Stanton. She laughs at his advances. Ronnie's friend Gill (Michael Raymond-James) tries to take advantage of her. Tennessee National Guard. and stars Samuel L. and Justin Timberlake. is loosely based on George Eliot's 1861 novel Silas Marner. and feeds her home-cooked meals. Meanwhile. occasionally wakes up and tries to flee from Lazarus. Ronnie and Rae decide that they are stronger together than . having decided that he has no authority to pass judgment on her. The title of the film derives from the 1927 Blind Lemon Jefferson song. Lazarus announces that it is his spiritual duty to heal her of her sinful ways and refuses to release her until he does so. plays guitar for her.903. 2007 117 minutes United States English $15 million $10. In the morning. Rae makes several attempts to escape. which Rae attends. a deeply religious farmer and former blues guitarist.

Dark Side". I'm doing something important. Williams as Lincoln James Michael Raymond-James as Gill Morton Adriane Lenox as Rose Woods Leonard L. Ronnie suffers a panic attack and Rae begins to break down. . as R. Something. While driving away. "I was like. calling it a "pressure-cooked mess" that was "bad enough to make gums bleed". Matt Glasby of Film4. Smith praised Ricci and Jackson. awarded the film only 1 star out of 5. Rotten Tomatoes reported a 65% "Fresh" rating based on 150 reviews. 2010. Jackson spent six or seven hours a day for half a year learning how to play blues guitar for several songs he plays throughout the film.[10] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone declared the film the year's Worst Soft-Core Sex on his list of the Worst Movies of 2007. 133 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. Epatha Merkerson as Angela David Banner as Tehronne Kim Richards as Sandy Doole Son House (archive footage) as Himself Neimus K. Richard Roeper also gave the film a "thumb up" rating. Something. but together they overcome their afflictions. S. you don't understand. with an average rating of 6.3 out of 10[8] while Metacritic awarded the film an average rating of 52 out of 100 based on 34 reviews.[9] The film was also criticized by feminist activists for its portrayal of sexualized violence. filling in for Roger Ebert. Jackson as Lazarus Redd Christina Ricci as Rae Doole Justin Timberlake as Ronnie John Cothran. Thomas as Deke Woods Production For the film. described the film as the best of the year thus far.L.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' apart and get married.[11] Criticism of the film was echoed in parody during the beginning of the Family Guy episode "Something.[7] As of June 22. saying this was Ricci's best performance and Jackson's best performance since Pulp Fiction (1994).[5] She told Entertainment Weekly that she remained scantily-clad even when the cameras weren't rolling: "Sam [Jackson] would be like. Jr. filmmaker Kevin Smith.[2] [3] Ricci wore an actual 40-pound (18 kg) chain during filming[4] and ate only foods of no nutritional value to achieve a sickly appearance. however. 'No.'"[6] Reception Critical response Reviews for the film were mixed. 'Put some clothes on!'" she says.[7] On the television program Ebert & Roeper.

.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' 134 Box office During its March 2 – 4. 2007 opening weekend in the US the film earned $4 million. 2007 Blues New West various Black Snake Moan was released January 30. putting it in eighth place behind films including other new releases Wild Hogs and Zodiac.[12] [13] Marketing In April 2008.. Christina Ricci commented on the promotional movie poster for the film. The 17 tracks cover classic to modern blues. opining that it exploited women: “ The way that movie was marketed was probably one of the most disappointing and upsetting things that's ever happened to me in my career. Track listing . 2007 by New West Records featuring various artists including three tracks performed by Jackson himself. ” Soundtrack Black Snake Moan Soundtrack by various Released Genre Label Producer January 30. I have no interest in exploiting women any further than they've already been exploited.All they [marketing bosses] cared about was [14] college-age boys going to see it.

these 17 tracks are sure to give anybody. each track is drunk and steeped on old-time blues. "Ain't But One Kind of Blues" 3. Rootsy and spiritual.[18] Blues fans. "The album does an excellent job at capturing the sweaty underbelly of the southern blues scene. happy. He says this on the blues: “Sometimes that kind of blues will make you even kill one another … or do anything. Title 1. that kind of love … that’s where the blues started. Critical reviews Glenn Gaslin at Moving Pictures Magazine briefly reviewed and praised the album: "It should make anyone who loves the blues. concluding with. Sarah Linn of Sound the Sirens Magazine wrote in her final paragraph. "Mean Ol' Wind Died Down" Length 0:38 0:11 2:22 3:13 4:40 2:32 4:04 3:00 2:33 3:04 1:08 2:50 3:48 3:30 4:10 0:21 7:31 Reception The soundtrack album was well received by critics. and can be best summed up by the “Father of the Delta Blues. "Alice Mae" 14. "Standing in My Doorway Crying" 6. "When the Lights Go Out" 5.” Son House. and is a recommended listen. 2007.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' 135 No."[15] Chad Grischow at IGN reviewed the album at length.com concluded his favorable review with. "Just Like a Bird Without a Feather" 4.” ” ” James B. "Black Snake Moan" 8. "Morning Train" 9. customers and the public at large. "Lord Have Mercy on Me" 11. . er. "Chicken Heads" 7. "The Losing Kind" 10. down-and-out but hopeful. blues fan or not. it’s also a great introduction to the blues.[17] “ “ As a stand-alone album. "Ronnie and Rae's Theme" 12. Eldred at Bullz-Eye. indie rockers. "Stack-o-lee" 15. "That's Where the Blues Started" 17. a major taste of what blues music embodies: human struggle. both classic and modern. "The Chain" 13. and those who worship at the Church of Jackson should pick up this soundtrack. "Opening Theme" 2. even if not for the reasons you originally picked it up. "Old Black Mattie" 16."[16] On February 16. Not only does it prove that one of film’s great hard-asses can sing.

. Samuel L Jackson Talks About "Home of the Brave". [5] "Yahoo Entertainment News" (http:/ / in. Retrieved 2007-04-20. . Ireland On-Line. org/ web/ 20071023073508/ http:/ / www. amazon. James B. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=2007& wknd=009). Retrieved 2007-12-20 [12] "BLACK SNAKE MOAN" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. htm). com/ film/ reviews/ film. Black Snake Moan (http://movies. Black Snake Moan. [19] "Black Snake Moan [SOUNDTRACK (http:/ / www. com/ dp/ B000L211NC/ )"]. rollingstone.0). . soundthesirens. [11] Travers. Retrieved 2007-05-18.649. Sound the Sirens Magazine. channel4. . [4] "The Two-One-Three" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=blacksnakemoan. Amazon. Retrieved 2007-05-18. . jsp?id=161454). Retrieved February 20. References General sources: • Blackfilm.1. [9] "Black Snake Moan Review" (http:/ / www. archive. Bullz-Eye. soundthesirens. com/ reviews/ soundtracks/ blacksnakemoan). movingpicturesmagazine. 2008. com/ 070223/ 139/ 6cfij. Glenn. News Corporation. com/ archives/ 006058.649. Retrieved 2007-11-05. Retrieved 2008-04-21. ign. htm).0. html). the213. php?id=33. . html).com. php?id=390).[19] 136 Notes [1] "DVD commentary as reported in LensViews review of Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / www. [2] "About. Box Office Mojo. [16] Grischow. . 2007) "Peter Travers' Best and Worst Movies of 2007" (http:/ / www. . March 2–4. com/ articles/ 760/ 760860p1.1. [14] "Ricci upset by 'Black Snake Moan' marketing" (http:/ / breakingnews. . When considered within the blues subcategories.yahoo. Amazon.blackfilm. Chad (2007-02-28). Moaning MF'n Snakes. Retrieved 2007-03-04.20013072. [3] "Crave Online" (http:/ / www. [7] Black Snake Moan (film) (http:/ / www. "Various Artists: Black Snake Moan Soundtrack" (http:/ / www. "V/A: Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / web. 2007. [13] "Weekend Box Office. 2008-04-19. "Various Artists . feministing. html). .0) on 2007-10-23.com/20050624/features/blacksnakemoanpreview. 2007. "Black Snake Moan Soundtrack" (http:/ / www.894 in its music category. Retrieved 2007-11-05. Retrieved February 20.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' Commercial rankings As of May 20. Amazon. html). com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ cdreviews/ eldred/ various_artists-black_snake_moan_soundtrack. Sarah (2007-02-16). com/ news/ story/ 17686508/ peter_travers_best_and_worst_movies_of_2007/ 17) Rolling Stone. [18] Eldred. bullz-eye. news.com.com/movies/4061) (cited 29 November 2006) . [17] Linn. IGN.. [6] "Entertainment Weekly" (http:/ / www. htm).00. . Retrieved 2007-11-05.com. com/ articles/ index.0. .com" (http:/ / movies. com/ articles/ index. asp?j=253196310& p=z53y97xy6).com. June 2005: BLACK SNAKE MOAN preview: An Interview with Director Craig Brewer (http:// www. [10] "Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / feministing. html). Box Office Mojo. (December 19. . htm). . Retrieved 2007-05-18. com/ film/ titles/ blacksnakemoan) at Metacritic [8] "Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / www. Retrieved February 20. php?id=33. ie/ entertainment/ story.com ranked the album #8.com. [15] Gaslin.com. Film4. it was #91 in Regional Blues and #13 in Delta Blues. rottentomatoes. 2007" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. ew.com/shop?d=hv&id=1809233868&cf=info) (cited 2 September 2006) • Black Snake Moan at Real Movie News (http://www. iol. rottentomatoes. yahoo. .0. com/ filmtv/ articles/ 04647479/ moaning_mfn_snakes. com/ film2/ DVDReviews32/ Black_Snake_Moan_blu-ray.shtml) (cited 2 September 2006) • Yahoo Movies. metacritic. . about. Amazon.. net/ php/ article. 2007. .realmovienews. Retrieved 2008-05-20. com/ m/ black_snake_moan). Retrieved 2007-11-05. Peter. dvdbeaver. craveonline.0.com. Moving Pictures Magazine. com/ od/ homeofthebrave/ a/ bravesj120106_2.Black Snake Moan Soundtrack" (http:/ / music.

com/movies/?id=blacksnakemoan.moanmovie.rottentomatoes.com/title/tt0462200/) at the Internet Movie Database Black Snake Moan (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo .imdb.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' 137 External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.allmovie.com/work/331163) at Allmovie Black Snake Moan (http://www.com/) Black Snake Moan (http://www.com/m/black_snake_moan/) at Rotten Tomatoes Black Snake Moan (http://www.boxofficemojo.

James Belushi. who also wrote and directed the movie. with the two main characters being voiced by Bob Saget. Jodie Sweetin.''Farce of the Penguins'' 138 Farce of the Penguins Farce of the Penguins DVD cover Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Bob Saget David Permut Bob Saget Bob Saget Samuel L. and Scott Weinger) also lent their voices to the film. and Lewis Black. and more. Christina Applegate. Lori Loughlin. Abe Vigoda. John Stamos. Five of Saget's former Full House co-stars (Dave Coulier. Whoopi Goldberg. Jackson as narrator. Other additional voices were provided by Tracy Morgan. Mo'Nique. Dane Cook. The motion picture features Samuel L. Jackson Christina Applegate Dave Coulier Lori Loughlin John Stamos Jodie Sweetin Scott Weinger Whoopi Goldberg Dane Cook Peter Rodgers Melnick THINKFilm January 30. 2007 80 minutes United States English $5 million Music by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Farce of the Penguins is a 2007 American direct-to-video parody film of the 2005 documentary March of the Penguins. THINKFilm describes Farce of the Penguins as the story of "one penguin's search for love while on a 70-mile trek with his libidinous buddies on their way to a hedonistic mating .

Jackson narrates the story about a group of male penguins that make a 70 mile trek to go to their breeding grounds where females are waiting to have sex with them. and Steve the snowy owl (Jonathan Katz)." Despite what the poster suggests. The MPAA rated the film with an R for pervasive crude sexual content and language. imdb. com/ title/ tt0488539/ [3] http:/ / www. Jackson as Narrator Bob Saget as Carl Lewis Black as Jimmy Christina Applegate as Melissa Mo'Nique as Vicky Tracy Morgan as Marcus Whoopi Goldberg as Helen Mario Cantone as Sidney Jonathan Katz as Steve the Owl External links • Farce of the Penguins [2] at the Internet Movie Database • Farce of the Penguins [3] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www. com/ 2007/ 04/ 30/ 30-strangest-animal-mating-habits [2] http:/ / www. 2007. These penguins include Carl (Bob Saget) and Jimmy (Lewis Black). Cast • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. a penguin who likes to kid around and brag about his huge penis (an illogical point. Late Night with Conan O'Brien on January 30. two friends who talk about relationships and other things as they meet new characters including Marcus (Tracy Morgan). Farce of the Penguins is not an animated feature. 139 Plot Samuel L. 2007 and on Tom Green Live that he originally wanted to simply redub the documentary March of the Penguins but did not receive permission from the filmmakers. it uses real stock footage of penguins.''Farce of the Penguins'' ritual. since penguins do not have penises[1] and instead have cloacas). com/ work/ 348999 . Meanwhile Melissa (Christina Applegate) and Vicky (Mo'Nique) argue about men and other women who bother them as they wait for their mates to arrive to the breeding grounds. allmovie. who gives Carl advice on his life in a Freudian kind of way while billing him for the two quick sessions. neatorama. Bob Saget stated on The Howard Stern Show on January 29.

Jackson Jessica Biel 50 Cent Christina Ricci Chad Michael Murray Stephen Endelman Music by Cinematography Tony Pierce-Roberts Editing by Distributed by Clayton Halsey Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Millennium Films Nu Image December 15. 2006 206 minutes United States English $12 million $499. Washington. The film was shot in Morocco and in Spokane.''Home of the Brave (2006 film)'' 140 Home of the Brave (2006 film) Home of the Brave Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Story by Starring Irwin Winkler Irwin Winkler Irwin Winkler Mark Friedman Mark Friedman Samuel L.620 Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Home of the Brave is a 2006 drama film following the lives of four Army National Guard soldiers in Iraq and their return to the United States. .

is seriously wounded. but this did not increase the film's financial earnings.[3] TV Guide gave the film 2 stars out of 5 and commented that the film "starts with a bang and ends in a long. Aiken trips on loose bricks from a broken wall so Owens continues on alone to find the shooters in a graveyard. Cast • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. SGT Vanessa Price (Jessica Biel). The consensus stated. SGT Vanessa Price. the production studio re-thought the release pattern and decided to pull it from theaters. Rotten Tomatoes currently gives Home of the Brave a 22% rating on its site. When Jordan Owens and Jamal Aiken head out to shoot down the attackers. indicating "rotten reviews". It was re-released on May 11. On the way they are caught in an ambush by insurgents. 2006 for Oscar consideration.708 at the box office domestically and $447. but hammy direction and a script lacking in nuance ruins this movie’s noble intentions. The rear vehicles manage to escape the initial barrage by taking a side-street. a driver.[1] Originally released on December 15. SPC Tommy Yates (Brian Presley). a recruit soldier in their team is shot and killed.[4] [5] . The forward vehicles of the convoy are trapped in the narrow street where they are forced to fight the attackers. "The ensemble cast works hard. planning on showing it to a wider audience later in the year. Jackson as LTC William "Will" Marsh Jessica Biel as SGT Vanessa Price Brian Presley as SPC Tommy Yates 50 Cent as SPC Jamal Aiken Chad Michael Murray as PVT Jordan Owens Christina Ricci as Sarah Schivino Victoria Rowell as Penelope Marsh Mark Anthony Parrish as Soldier #2 Vyto Ruginis as Hank Yates Billy Michael as "test taker" Reception Box office The film was opened in only 3 theaters in 2006 and earned $51. American soldiers LTC William Marsh (Samuel Jackson). Critical reception The film received negative reviews from critics. While pursuing the young boys who left the bomb along with other attackers. Club named it in its top 100 flops. protracted whimper" and Stephen Holden from The New York Times said you "feel as if you have just sat through an earnest made-for-television movie" and in the end "an honorable dud".912 in the rest of the world. having been somewhat protected from the blast by her front seat passenger who is instantly killed. SPC Jamal Aiken (50 Cent) and PVT Jordan Owens (Chad Michael Murray) are sent on a final humanitarian mission to bring medical supplies to a remote Iraqi village.''Home of the Brave (2006 film)'' 141 Plot Shortly after learning their unit will soon return home. only to be met with an improvised explosive device hidden in the carcass of a dead dog.V. 2007 in 44 theaters."[2] The A.

The A. Retrieved September 4. . htm). "Home Of The Brave" (http:/ / movies.imdb.mgm. Retrieved 2010-07-24. php). [4] Ken Fox (2006). Club. Jessica Biel and Samuel Jackson each received a Prism award for Performance in a Feature Film. [6] "Home of the Brave . [2] "Home of the Brave (2006)" (http:/ / www.735. 2009. The Numbers.com/sites/homeofthebrave/) Home of the Brave (http://www. [3] Nathan Rabin (18 October 2007).731. [5] Stephen Holden (15 December 2006). com/ winners/ ). Entertainment Industries Council.V. com/ home-brave/ review/ 284464).htm) at Box Office Mojo . com/ m/ home_of_the_brave/ ?name_order=asc).DVD Sales" (http:/ / www. avclub. . prismawards.[7] References [1] "Home of the Brave (2006)" (http:/ / www. com/ 2006/ 12/ 15/ movies/ 15brav.10420/ ).allmovie. nytimes.boxofficemojo. the-numbers.[6] Awards It was nominated for a Golden Globe award for Best Original Song ("Try Not To Remember") which was performed by Sheryl Crow. html). tvguide. . External links • • • • Official website (http://http://www. 2009.''Home of the Brave (2006 film)'' 142 Home media The Numbers reported 236. Retrieved September 4.905 units sold.com/title/tt0763840/) at the Internet Movie Database Home of the Brave (http://www. . 2009. Rotten Tomatoes. accounting for revenue of $4. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2010-07-24. TV Guide. .com/work/343824) at Allmovie Home of the Brave (http://www. Retrieved 2010-07-24. com/ movies/ ?id=homeofthebrave06. com/ movies/ 2007/ HMBRV-DVD. boxofficemojo. [7] "Prism Awards: Winners & Nominees" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved September 4. com/ articles/ my-year-of-flops-case-file-77-home-of-the-brave-20. "My Year Of Flops Case File #77 Home Of The Brave (2006)" (http:/ / www. "Home of the Brave (2006)" (http:/ / movies. New York Times.com/movies/?id=homeofthebrave06. rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 2010. .

000. 2006 (Puerto Rico) August 18. 2006 (United States) 105 minutes United States English US$33. the staff belonging to the Greek god Hermes. Directed by Produced by David R. Taylor John Heffernan Sebastian Gutierrez David J. Jackson Julianna Margulies Nathan Phillips Bobby Cannavale Rachel Blanchard Terry Chen Kenan Thompson Todd Louiso Elsa Pataky Trevor Rabin Adam Greenberg Howard Smith Mutual Film Company New Line Cinema August 17. Ellis Craig Berenson Don Granger Gary Levinson David J.''Snakes on a Plane'' 143 Snakes on a Plane Snakes on a Plane The image on the film poster is a reference to the caduceus.000 [1] Screenplay by Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget . Taylor John Heffernan David Dalessandro Samuel L.

''Snakes on a Plane'' Gross revenue US$62. Jackson. Ellis and starring Samuel L. and Harris gives orders to have Eddie Kim arrested. and various forms of literature. due to the film's title. Flynn discovers that the cockpit is filled with snakes and Rick is dead. Some of the snakes attack Rick. he has one of his henchmen spray the passengers' leis with a special pheromone. and a couple having sex in the lavatory are the first killed. unaware of the snake. Kim arranges for a time-release crate full of venomous snakes to be placed in the cargo hold in an attempt to bring down the plane before it reaches Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). and snakes drop into the cabin with them. In response to the Internet fan base. After everybody gets prepared. Troy (Kenan Thompson). With pictures of the reptiles emailed to him via a mobile phone. Rick retakes the controls and has Flynn go into the cargo hold to restore the air conditioning/ventilation system. fan-made videos. causing the plane to depressurize. 2007. It was released by New Line Cinema on August 18. respectively. but is killed by the viper that caused it. However. forming large fanbases online and becoming an Internet phenomenon. New Line Cinema incorporated feedback from online users into its production. including Agent Sanders. Numerous passengers. The plane's captain.25 million in its opening weekend. Agent Flynn and Flight Attendant Claire (Julianna Margulies) regain control of the plane. casting. investigates and fixes an electrical short. it was parodied and alluded to on television shows and films. video games. Before and after the film was released. Flynn shoots out two windows with his pistol. earning US$15. Despite increased security for the flight. the film received generally good reviews with 68% of reviews positive and an average normalized score of 58%.[2] [4] The film grossed US$62 million worldwide before its release on home video on January 2. . and added five days of reshooting. Sean Jones (Nathan Phillips) is escorted by FBI agents Neville Flynn (Samuel L. Despite the immense Internet buzz. Steven Price (Todd Louiso). put up blockades of luggage to stop the snakes. and premise. Price believes a Los Angeles snake dealer to be responsible. The passengers flee to the upstairs first class cabin before blocking the stairwell with an inflatable liferaft. Rick is attacked and the plane starts to dip downwards. The crate opens midway through the flight and the snakes make their way through the cabin.022. according to the review aggregator websites Rotten Tomatoes and Metacritic. Harris contacts Flynn telling him that anti-venom will be ready for the passengers when they land. After a brief discussion.014 [1] 144 Snakes on a Plane is a 2006 American horror[2] /thriller film[3] directed by David R. Released in the United States and United Kingdom on August 18. and Sheldon Turner and follows the events of hundreds of snakes being released on a passenger plane in an attempt to kill a trial witness. 2006. Plot After witnessing gangster Eddie Kim (Byron Lawson) commit a murder in Hawaii. A cat in the cargo bay. Three Gs' (Flex Alexander) bodyguard. agrees to land the plane based on prior experience. Agent Flynn contacts FBI Special Agent Hank Harris (Bobby Cannavale) on the ground who gets in touch with ophiologist Dr. the film's gross revenue did not live up to expectations. The surviving passengers. After a shootout with the dealer. are killed. His supply of anti-venom is commandeered for the plane's victims. Co-pilot Rick (David Koechner). The film gained a considerable amount of attention before its release. causing a food trolley to crash through the luggage blockade. and while fending them off he accidentally releases the oxygen masks throughout the plane. The snakes are blown out of the cockpit and the lower floor of the plane. 2006 in North America. The film was written by David Dalessandro. John Heffernan. believes Sam has suffered a heart attack and continues toward LAX. Sam McKeon. To ensure the snakes attack the passengers without being provoked. he reveals that he obtained the snakes for Kim. who have made their way to the front of the plane. Jackson) and John Sanders (Mark Houghton) on a Boeing 747-400 to testify in a trial in Los Angeles.

Three G's bodyguard • Keith Dallas as Big Leroy. who is unharmed due to a bulletproof vest. Curtis' younger brother • Gerard Plunkett as Paul. Flynn's partner also assigned to accompany Sean • Todd Louiso as Dr. a female passenger who brings her infant son aboard • Tom Butler as Capt. a martial artist who is among the passengers • Elsa Pataky as Maria.[5] Jackson. and paramedics rush to Sean. agreed to sign on without reading the script based on the director. after talking to Yu. who had previously worked with Yu on The 51st State. Three G's second bodyguard • Lin Shaye as Grace. the senior flight attendant • Bruce James as Ken.''Snakes on a Plane'' Flynn and Troy take the controls of the plane and Troy reveals that his flight experience was from a video game flight simulator. 145 Cast • Samuel L.[5] He soon revised it. Flynn draws his gun and shoots the snake. a male flight attendant • Sunny Mabrey as Tiffany. then—crediting the film Alien—revised it once again to include "lots of them loose in the fuselage of a plane. which took over the rights for production."[6] Dalessandro's third draft of Venom was turned down by more than 30 Hollywood studios in 1995. Flynn's contact in Los Angeles • Byron Lawson as Eddie Kim. Originally. an arrogant English businessman who is unhappy to stay on coach class due to the last-minute arrangement of first class • Terry Chen as Chen Leong. storyline. McKeon's co-pilot • Bobby Cannavale as Special Agent Hank Harris. and the title. a University of Pittsburgh administrator and first-time Hollywood writer. a socialite passenger who brings her pet Chihuahua Mary-Kate aboard • Flex Alexander as Three G's. He originally wrote the screenplay about the brown tree snake loose on a plane. Sam McKeon. He developed the concept in 1992 after reading a nature magazine article about Indonesian brown tree snakes climbing onto planes in cargo during World War II. in 1999. The passengers leave the plane and anti-venom is given to those who need it. a famous rapper who keeps a bottle of hand sanitizer with him and refuses to be touched by others • Kenan Thompson as Troy. a blonde flight attendant who is attracted to Sean • Casey Dubois as Curtis. a brunette flight attendant • Nathan Phillips as Sean Jones.[7] . a surfer who witnesses a brutal murder committed by Eddie Kim • Rachel Blanchard as Mercedes. After an emergency landing. followed up by New Line Studios. titling the film Venom. However. a crime syndicate leader who has snakes planed aboard the plane to prevent Sean from testifying against him • Mark Houghton as Agent John Sanders. Capt. a young boy sent to the plane along with his brother Tommy by their naval officer father • Daniel Hogarth as Tommy. learned about the announced project in the Hollywood trade newspapers and. the plane makes it to the terminal. expanding upon the premise to include a plague of assorted venomous snakes. Steven Price. the captain of the plane • David Koechner as Rick. Sean later takes Flynn to Bali and teaches him how to surf. an FBI agent assigned to protect Sean Jones on his flight to Los Angeles • Julianna Margulies as Claire Miller. a producer for MTV/Paramount showed interest in the script. Just as Flynn and Sean are about to disembark the plane. a snake jumps out and bites Sean in the chest. Jackson as Agent Neville Flynn. the film was going to be directed by Hong Kong action director Ronny Yu. the snake venom expert assigned by the FBI to communicate with Flynn Development The story is credited to David Dalessandro.

''Snakes on a Plane'' The film's title and premise generated a lot of pre-release interest on the Internet. One journalist even wrote that Snakes on a Plane is "perhaps the most internet-hyped film of all time".[8] Much of the initial publicity came from a blog entry made by screenwriter Josh Friedman, who had been offered a chance to work on the script.[9] The casting of Jackson further increased anticipation. At one point, the film's working title was altered to Pacific Air Flight 121.[10] In August 2005, Jackson told an interviewer, "We're totally changing that back. That's the only reason I took the job: I read the title."[11] On March 2, 2006, the studio reverted the title to Snakes on a Plane.[12] New Line hired two additional writers to smooth out the screenplay.[6] Taking advantage of the Internet buzz for what had been a minor film in their 2006 line-up, New Line Cinema ordered five days of additional shooting in early March 2006 (principal photography had wrapped in September 2005).[13] While re-shoots normally imply problems with a film, the producers opted to add new scenes to the film to change the PG-13 rating to R and bring it in line with growing fan expectations. The most notable addition was a revision of a catchphrase from the film that was parodied on the Internet by fans of the film, capitalizing on Jackson's typically foul-mouthed and violent film persona: "Enough is enough! I have had it with these motherfucking snakes on this motherfucking plane!".[5] Subsequently, the public responded favorably to this creative change and marketing strategy, leading some members of the press to speculate that "the movie has grown from something of a joke into a phenomenon".[5] [14] [15] [16]


More than 450 snakes were used for filming to represent thirty different species of snakes.[17] The different species include a 19-foot Burmese python named Kitty (which the crew called Kong for film purposes), a Scarlet Kingsnake (the non-venomous double for the coral snake), a milk snake to fill in for the Taipan (which attacks the couple having sex), corn snakes, rattlesnakes, and mangrove snakes.[18] About two-thirds of the snakes seen throughout the film were either animatronic or computer generated.[18] The snakes that were real were mostly the non-venomous ones that are never seen attacking anyone. A Scarlet Kingsnake was one of the many snakes The scenes where someone is clearly bitten were often done with the used during filming most animation. According to the DVD, all the snakes had production names, but only Scarface (an animated pit viper), Peanut (a cobra), and Kong are mentioned by name in the audio commentary. During filming, Jackson did not come into contact with any live snakes, due to a contract clause preventing snakes from being within 25 feet (8 m) of the actor.[5] When the film was released in theaters, rumors circulated that two live diamondback rattlesnakes had been released at a showing of the film on August 22, 2006 in Phoenix, Arizona. It was later revealed that one snake had made its way into the lobby of the theater on its own, and another had been found in the parking lot in a separate incident. The snakes were later released back into the desert.[19]

''Snakes on a Plane''


Media coverage
Black Flame published the novelization of the film, written by Christa Faust.[20] The 405–page novel contains significant backstories for the characters and introduces other characters that were not featured in the film.[21] An illustrated book from Thunder's Mouth Press, Snakes on a Plane: The Guide to the Internet Ssssssensation by David Waldon, details the Internet phenomenon and was published July 28, 2006. Waldon details various viral videos relating to the film's craze, and interviewed their producers to find out what about the film captured their attention.[22] Comic book writer Chuck Dixon wrote a comic book adaptation of the film. DC Comics released the two-issue miniseries on August 16, 2006 and September 27, 2006 under their Wildstorm imprint.[23]


On March 16, 2006, New Line Cinema announced a contest on TagWorld and a website promoting the film.[24] [25] The contest allowed artists on TagWorld to have their music featured in the film. A flood of SoaP-themed songs were submitted by artists such as Captain Ahab (who ultimately won the contest), Louden Swain, the Former Fat Boys, Nispy, and others. In addition, a music video for the film, "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" by Cobra Starship, was released on July 10, 2006 on MTV2's Unleashed. The music video appeared on the film's soundtrack as well as during the film's closing credits. In October 2005, Nathanial Perry and Chris Rohan recorded an audio trailer spoof, which helped fuel the Internet buzz. Perry and Rohan recorded the "motherfucking snakes" line in the audio trailer which was added to the film during the week of re-shoots. In July 2006, New Line Cinema signed a worldwide licensing agreement with the Cutting Corporation to produce an audiobook of the film.[26]

Samuel L. Jackson promoting the film at Comic-Con Convention in July 2006

Beginning in May 2006, episodes of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart and its sister show The Colbert Report contained references to Snakes on a Plane's title, the catch phrase, and general premise. On August 15, 2006, Samuel L. Jackson guest featured on The Daily Show, opening with the film's catch phrase. Keith Olbermann featured stories about the film and Internet buzz several times on his MSNBC news program Countdown. In addition, G4's Attack of the Show! featured a semi-regular segment entitled "Snakes on a Plane: An Attack of the Show Investigation", and even had a week dedicated to the film which included interviews and the appearance of hundreds of snakes on set.[27]

Snakes on a Plane generated considerable buzz on the Internet after Josh Friedman's blog entry[9] and mentions on several Internet portals. The title inspired bloggers to create songs, apparel, poster art, pages of fan fiction, parody films, mock movie trailers, and even short film parody competitions.[28] [29] On July 6, 2006, the official Snakes on a Plane website started a promotional sweepstakes called "The #1 Fan King Cobra Sweepstakes". The contest made innovative use of the publicity-generating potential of the Internet, requiring contestants to post links on forums, blogs, and websites and collecting votes from the users of those sites.

''Snakes on a Plane'' Many of the early fan-made trailers and later other viral videos and commercials circulated via YouTube, and captured media attention there with such titles as: Cats on a Plane (which was featured in Joel Siegel's review of Snakes on a Plane on Good Morning America), Snakes Who Missed the Plane, All Your Snakes Are Belong To Us (a spoof of the All your base are belong to us phenomenon), and Steaks on a Train.[29] Several websites also held contests about the film in fan-submitted short films and posters. In August 2006, Varitalk launched an advertising campaign in which fans could send a semi-personalized message in Jackson's voice to telephone numbers of their choosing.[30] Within the first week, over 1.5 million calls were sent to participants.[30]


In June 2006, New Line commissioned famed UK audio-visual film remixers and chop-up artists Addictive TV to cut and sample Snakes on a Plane to create trailers for the U.S. television networks. The official teaser trailer premiered before X-Men: The Last Stand, and the first official trailer appeared online on June 26, 2006.[29] Another trailer circulated in July 2006, showing several of the snake attacks and a missing pilot and co-pilot. Rotten Tomatoes had video clips of the official trailers, as well as fan-made trailers.[31] During a July 21, 2006 panel discussion at the Comic-Con Convention in San Diego, California, a preview clip from the film was shown to a crowd of more than 6,500 people. The panel included actors Samuel L. Jackson and Kenan Thompson, director David R. Ellis, and snake-handler Jules Sylvester.[32]

"No movie shall triumph over Snakes on a Plane. Unless I happen to feel like making a movie called More Motherfucking Snakes on More Motherfucking Planes." —Samuel L. Jackson, joking that the film would win the MTV Movie Award for "Best Film" in 2007

Snakes on a Plane debuted on August 18, 2006. The film opened in 3,555 theaters and had some late-night screenings on August 17. In a move meant to exploit the attention from the film, a straight-to-DVD B-movie horror film with a supernatural twist, Snakes on a Train, was released on August 15, 2006, three days before the film's theatrical release.[33]

Critical response
In mid-July 2006, New Line Cinema revealed that it would not be showing any advance screenings for critics.[34] After the film opened, the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported that 68% of critics gave the favorable rating based on a sample of 166 reviews, with an average score of 6.2/10.[31] At the website Metacritic, which uses a normalized rating system, the film earned a mixed rating of 58/100 based on 31 reviews by mainstream critics.[35] Reviewers reported audiences cheering, applauding, and engaging in "call and response", noting that audience participation was an important part of the film's appeal.[36] [37] The Arizona Republic's Randy Cordova gave the film a positive review, calling the film "... an exploitation flick that knows what it wants to do, and it gets the job done expertly." and a "... Mecca for B-movie lovers."[38] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle enjoyed the film, asking his readers "... if you can find a better time at the movies this year than this wild comic thriller, let me in on it."[39] Boston Globe reviewer Ty Burr reacted to Samuel L. Jackson's performance by saying he "... bestrides this film with the authority of someone who knows the value of honest bilge. He's as much the auteur of this baby as the director and screenwriters, and that fierce glimmer in his eye is partly joy."[40] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film one and a half stars out of four, saying that "...after all the Internet hype about those motherfuckin' snakes on that motherfuckin' plane, the flick itself is a murky stew of shock effects repeated so often that the suspense quickly droops along with you[r] eyelids."[41] David Denby of The New Yorker

nearly double the budget.25 million in its opening days.[51] 1. the film fell to sixth place with $6. "Black Mamba" (Teddybears Remix) by The Academy Is. 2009. industry analysts estimated the film's opening box office to be between US$20-30 million. deleted and extended scenes.[4] While Snakes on a Plane did narrowly beat Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby for the number one position during its opening weekend. The DVD features commentaries. but it still gulls an allegedly knowing audience with the pseudo-morality of yesteryear. the founder of New Line. and January 2.022. 2006 in Region 2. December 28. "Can't Take It" (The Baldwin Brothers "El Camino Prom Wagon" Remix) by The All-American Rejects 6.. "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" by Cobra Starship 2.014 worldwide.[43] [44] [45] However. "The Only Difference Between Martyrdom and Suicide Is Press Coverage" (Tommie Sunshine Brooklyn Fire Remix) by Panic! at the Disco 3."[42] 149 Box office Due to the Internet hype surrounding the film. Cobra Starship's music video. "Queen of Apology" (Patrick Stump Remix) by The Sounds . a disappointment for New Line Cinema. The enhanced portion of the CD contains what was considered the "best of the best" of the amateur Internet creations inspired by the film. 4.. Blu-ray was released on September 29. 2006 Decaydance Records New Line Records Jason Linn Producer Professional reviews • • Allmusic RapReviews [49] [50] The soundtrack for the film was released on August 15. including the songs "Snakes on the Brain" by Captain Ahab and "Here Come the Snakes (Seeing Is Believing)" by Louden Swain.[2] [4] with The New York Times reporting that after all the "hype Online. "Ophidiophobia" by Cee-Lo Green 5.[1] Robert K. the film generated the equivalent of $62. a more than fifty percent drop from its opening weekend revenue. may mark a new participatory style in marketing.4 million. by the end of its theatrical run. several featurettes. stated that he was "disappointed" that Snakes on a Plane was a "dud" despite "higher expectations".S. and trailers. 2006."[4] Home media Snakes on a Plane released on DVD December 26.[46] The press declared that Snakes on a Plane was a "box office disappointment".[48] Soundtrack Snakes on a Plane: The Album Soundtrack by Various artists Released Label August 15. 2006 in Region 4. 2007 in Region 1.[2] In its second weekend. Shaye.. Snakes on a Plane is letdown at box office"[47] and Entertainment Weekly reporting that the film was an "internet-only phenomenon. The single "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" peaked at the 32nd position of Billboard's Hot Modern Rock Tracks in 2006. The U.''Snakes on a Plane'' claimed that the film ".. it did not meet these estimates and grossed only $15.

Retrieved May 10. "Wake Up" (Acoustic) by Coheed and Cambria 15.V. Retrieved May 11.00. 2008. . . "Snakes on Samuel L. USA Today. [2] Waxman. Laughs. Kurt (August 18. [5] Jensen.8599. London: The Guardian. "Bruised" (Remix) by Jack's Mannequin 13. 2007). . [7] Tyrangiel.1186739. The New York Times. com/ title/ tt0417148/ news?year=2006). ew. [18] Lovgren. August 16. com/ articles/ 720/ 720471p1. "Kicking Asp: Jackson is fed up with snakes" (http:/ / www.6115. RedandBlack. "Snakes on a Plane: Wild Fang" (http:/ / web. Sharon (August 21. redandblack. "Rattlers freed in 'Snakes on a Plane' theater prank" (http:/ / www. 2006). time. "Around the Horn" (Louis XIV Remix) by The Bronx 10. 2006). . [8] Brown.1852937. "Oh Sssssnap!" (http:/ / www. Retrieved September 21. . . Retrieved September 21. jsp?vnu_content_id=1003019676). html). Josh (April 24. . Retrieved May 11. [14] Honeycutt. National Geographic. . 2009. Fear-2567540. 2009. com/ news/ 200608/ 1155699900. [19] Reuters (August 22. MTV Movies. accessmylibrary. "Kicking Asp" (http:/ / www. . 2006). 2008. "'Snakes on a Plane' scares up a following based on Hollywood's frightful track record" (http:/ / web. [10] Wloszczyna. redorbit. Retrieved May 11. html). Stefan.''Snakes on a Plane'' 7. 2008. com/ 2006/ 08/ 21/ movies/ 21box. nationalgeographic. 2009. html). David R. . Chris (August 17. shtml). "Final Snakes" by Shranky Drank 14. free-press-release. Cindy (August 13. . com/ news/ entertainment/ 627860/ rattlers_freed_in_snakes_on_a_plane_theater_prank/ index. Retrieved September 21. post-gazette.. . Retrieved May 11. post-gazette. stm) on February 5. uk/ news/ story/ 0. . 2009. Mark (August 18. 2006). "Of All the Gin Joints in All the World" (Tommie Sunshine's Brooklyn Fire Retouch) by Fall Out Boy 8. Time. 2006). blogspot. html).00. Retrieved May 11. Chris (2006-07-22). com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=snakesonaplane. hollywoodreporter. htm). 2005). nytimes. com/ time/ nation/ article/ 0. jhtml) on May 5. 2008. hollywoodreporter. A. . [15] Loder. Jeff (August 4. 2008. ""Snakes on a Plane": Behind the Scenes With the Movie's Snake Wrangler" (http:/ / news. [17] Carle. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. jhtml). Retrieved May 11. Retrieved May 11. Retrieved on May 11. com/ news/ 2006/ 07/ 060724-snakes-plane. archive. Joshua (August 20. Box Office Mojo. html). com/ thr/ film/ article_display. "Fan frenzy for 'Snakes' is on a different plane" (http:/ / www. 2006). 2006). 2009. Kirk (August 21. jsp?vnu_content_id=1002234847).00. . [12] Homer. . 2009. [3] Ellis. mtv. Not. "Snakes on a Plane . Retrieved September 21. "Lovely Day" by Donavon Frankenreiter 16. archive. 2009. com/ ew/ report/ 0. 2006). guardian. Donna (December 3. html). usatoday. 2006). ew. 2009. org/ web/ 20070212160345rn_1/ www. Pittsburgh Post Gazette. [16] Pearlman. "Snakes on a Plane leaves critics flying blind" (http:/ / film. Entertainment Weekly. The Hollywood Reporter. 2009. imdb.6115. . "Remember to Feel Real" (Machine Shop Remix) by Armor for Sleep 11. "Hey Now Now" by Michael Franti & Spearhead 17. Publishers Weekly. "I find your lack of faith disturbing: Snakes on a Motherfucking Plane" (http:/ / hucksblog. "Wine Red" (Tommie Sunshine's Brooklyn Fire Retouch) by The Hush Sound 12. 2006. co. 2006. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1538874/ 08182006/ story. com/ pg/ 06228/ 713732-254. html). 2006). com/ 2005/ 08/ snakes-on-motherfucking-plane. [9] Friedman. The Hollywood Reporter.1229136_1_0_. April 12. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1538874/ 08182006/ story.1219727_1_0_. "PW talks with Christa Faust: smoking in the boys' room" (http:/ / www. htm). stm). Retrieved May 11. com/ content/ node/ 51670)). Retrieved May 11. Susan (April 18.The Theme" (Score) by Trevor Rabin 150 References [1] "Snakes on a Plane (2006)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Retrieved May 11. ign. com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2006-04-17-snakes_x. com/ ew/ report/ 0. [11] "'Snakes on a Plane': The Cult" (http:/ / www. html). avclub. ( Interview (http:/ / www. "Comic-Con 2006: Snakes on a Plane Panel" (http:/ / movies. . com/ hr/ search/ article_display. 2009. 2009. mtv.00. archive. 2006). "Snakes on a Plane" Is Letdown at Box Office" (http:/ / www. html?ref=arts). [4] Rich. "'Snakes' inspires laughs. Retrieved May 11. 2006). 2009. 2009. com/ pg/ 06228/ 713732-254. [20] Chavez. . 2006). www. 2008. Retrieved May 11. org/ web/ 20080205090848/ http:/ / www. Interview with Keith Phipps. "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / web. .com. org/ web/ 20080505073424/ http:/ / www. Kit (March 24. html). Josh (August 17. "New Friend Request" (Hi-Tek Remix) by Gym Class Heroes 9. com/ coms2/ summary_0286-33572497_ITM) (Registration required). Chicago Sun-Times. Entertainment Weekly. Inspires. Club. John (August 16. Jackson" (http:/ / www. Retrieved May 11. 2008. [13] Borys. [6] Hayes. Red Orbit. 2009. Retrieved September 21. 2009. "After Hype Online. Internet Movie Database. "'Snakes on a Plane' sssssssays it all" (http:/ / www. com/ media/ storage/ paper871/ news/ 2006/ 08/ 17/ OutAbout/ snakes. not fear" (http:/ / media.

Retrieved May 11. "After Hype Online. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=snakesonaplane. Randy (August 19. Retrieved May 11. . 2009. . Boston Globe. 2006). org/ web/ 20060822023104/ http:/ / www. Noah (August 22. Retrieved May 11.983553. sfgate. [34] Arnold.0. . . 2006). "Snakes on a Train" (http:/ / www. Christa (2006). [39] LaSalle. Jackson Called. 2006). [36] Gonsalves. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. go. com/ Business/ story?id=2313405& page=1). com/ popcandy/ 2006/ 07/ cant_stop_the_s. newyorker. . Ty (August 18. com/ film/ titles/ snakesonaplane). "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. originalalamo. [44] "Snakes on a Plane (2006)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. com/ 2006/ 08/ 21/ movies/ 21box. 2009. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 11. allmusic. 2009. William (August 17. . TV. . archive. com/ entertainment/ movies/ ny-etmovsnakesaug19. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& nid=2562). Retrieved May 11. usatoday. com/ content/ sports/ ?ArID=21324& SecID=32). 2009. 2009. graphicaudio. html). . Retrieved May 11. 2009. archive. Rolling Stone. [41] Travers. tagworld. 2006). X-Games" (http:/ / www. 2009. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 22. 2008. 2006). Retrieved May 11. Peter (August 18. 2006). 2006). ""Snakes On A Plane" comes to life on the Internet" (http:/ / news10now. com/ attack-of-the-show!/ snakes-on-a-plane-x-games/ episode/ 979587/ summary. 2009. "Get ready for a wild ride with 'Snakes on a Plane'" (http:/ / www. Alexandra (August 15. 2009. archive. an Identity Crisis" (http:/ / www. com/ album/ r847279). [38] Cordova.983553. USA Today. Retrieved May 11. com/ snakesonaplane/ Main/ Snakes-Tagworld_Release. 2006). ""Snakes" as bad as it wants to be. rottentomatoes. Joshua (August 28. com/ snakesonaplane). rottentomatoes. Retrieved May 11. pdfdownload. azcentral. "Disasters" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved May 11. MetaCritic. "For New Line. Mick (August 18. 2009. seattlepi. . "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / web. archive. Black Flame. 2009.''Snakes on a Plane'' [21] Faust. Corey. org/ web/ 20080205052632/ http:/ / www. [22] Waldon. Sharon (February 19. . The New York Times. "Snakes on a Plane: The Album" (http:/ / www. Retrieved May 11. boston. net/ press/ 20060807press.1376206_1_0_. Retrieved May 11.com. html). Graphic Audio. nytimes. [26] "Snakes on a Plane in GraphicAudio" (http:/ / web. story?coll=ny-moviereview-headlines) on February 5. Allmusic. The New York Times. ISBN 1-56025-971-X. [46] Waxman. . Retrieved May 11. asp). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20080205102628/ http:/ / www. 2006). [35] "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www.0.Home" (http:/ / web. [25] "TagWorld :: snakesonaplane's . com/ reviews/ movie/ 6823919/ review/ 11202102/ snakes_on_a_plane). com/ archive/ 2006/ 09/ 04/ 060904crci_cinema?currentPage=2). com/ entertainment/ movies/ ny-etmovsnakesaug19. org/ web/ 20060325054903/ http:/ / www. 2010. 2009. David (August 18. [30] Leo. 2009. com/ review/ VE1117931346. 2006). 2009. Snakes on a Plane: The Guide to the Internet Ssssssensation. com/ movies/ 281456_snakes17. htm). variety. com/ news/ comments/ ?entryid=357860) on February 5. Rob (August 18. html). newsday. com/ ew/ report/ 0. com/ sites/ 2blanks/ about. Snakes on a Plane. ISBN 1-84416-381-4. Retrieved May 11. [43] Ngo. com/ news/ comments/ ?entryid=357860). "Snakes on a Delayed Flight" (http:/ / bluray. "Can't stop the 'Snakes'" (http:/ / blogs. archive. 2007). com/ ent/ movies/ articles/ 0819snakes0819. archive. . . 2006). "Box Office Report: Touchdown!" (http:/ / www. Newsday. ign. Gene. Retrieved October 19. graphicaudio. 2008. Retrieved May 11. org/ pdf2html/ pdf2html. Retrieved May 11. com/ cgi-bin/ article. com/ movies/ display?display=movie& id=8383). Retrieved May 11. 2009. [23] Weiland. . pdf& images=yes) (PDF). . David (2006). Retrieved July 22. php?url=http:/ / web. March 16. . The Arizona Republic. metacritic. rollingstone. Joe (August 18. [29] Robischon. David. "If Samuel L. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. comicbookresources. EFilm Critic. org/ web/ 20080506095702/ http:/ / www. html). com/ snakesonaplane) on March 25. org/ web/ 20070517033240/ http:/ / www. com/ 2007/ 02/ 19/ business/ media/ 19new. . com/ ?page=article& id=7308). . [47] Sharon Waxman (August 21. Rotten Tomatoes. "Snakes on a Plane" Is Letdown at Box Office" (http:/ / www. [24] "TagWorld and New Line Cinema Team for Snakes on a Plane Soundtrack Contest" (http:/ / www. html). story?coll=ny-moviereview-headlines). tv. 2009. [49] Apar. Would You See His Movie?" (http:/ / abcnews. Retrieved May 11. 2009. html). Binh (August 27. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Comic Book Resources. 2009. . 2006. Retrieved May 11. 2009. 2006). asp) on May 17. newsday. August 27. ew. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2006/ 08/ 18/ DDSNAKES. net/ press/ 20060807press. 2009. [48] McCutcheon. [45] Rich. [40] Burr. . 2009. 2006. Variety. 151 . [27] "Snakes on a Plane. aspx). "Wildstorm/Chuck Dixon do "Snakes On A Plane" Comic" (http:/ / www. tagworld. Retrieved May 11. rottentomatoes. [31] "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. The New Yorker. nytimes. Rotten Tomatoes. . "Fewer movies are being prescreened for critics — and that's a good thing" (http:/ / www. 2007. html). 2009. com/ m/ snakes_on_a_plane/ ?page=1). IGN. com/ review. Retrieved October 19. 2006). . 2006). "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. DTL& type=movies). 2006). tagworld. 2009. [42] Denby.6115. php?movie=15043& reviewer=416). Whitney (July 22. [28] "(Blanks) on a (Blank): A Filmmaking Challenge Inspired by "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / web. Johan (June 14. "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / efilmcritic. com/ articles/ 101/ 1019093p1. Thunder's Mouth. [37] Seymour. . . "Box Office Wrapup: "Invincible" Scores #1 Opening" (http:/ / web. [32] Matheson. Entertainment Weekly.00. . Seattle Post Intelligencer. Retrieved October 19. 2009. . 2006. San Francisco Chronicle. html?ref=arts). 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htm) at Box Office Mojo • Snakes on a Plane (http://www.com/properties/ snakesonaplane. rapreviews.com/title/tt0417148/) at the Internet Movie Database • Snakes on a Plane (http://www. Steve. 2010. [51] "Hot Modern Rock Tracks".imdb. "Snakes on a Plane: The Album" (http:/ / www. RapReviews.boxofficemojo.archive.org/web/20080424042529/www.allmovie. . html).newline. 152 External links • Official website (http://http://web.html) (archived version) • Snakes on a Plane (http://www.metacritic.rottentomatoes.com/film/titles/snakes-on-a-plane) at Metacritic .com/m/snakes_on_a_plane/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Snakes on a Plane (http://www. com/ archive/ 2006_09_snakesonaplane. Retrieved April 7.''Snakes on a Plane'' [50] Juon. Billboard.com/work/313497) at Allmovie • Snakes on a Plane (http://www.com/movies/?id=snakesonaplane.

2006 113 minutes United States English Italian $14. Joe Roth directed the film.628 Freedomland is a 2006 American crime drama-mystery film starring Samuel L.655. which touches on themes of covert racism. . Jackson and Julianne Moore.''Freedomland (film)'' 153 Freedomland (film) Freedomland Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Joe Roth Scott Rudin Charles Newirth Richard Price Samuel L. Jackson Julianne Moore James Newton Howard Cinematography Anastas Michos Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Gross revenue Nick Moore Revolution Studios Columbia Pictures February 17. Richard Price adapted his own novel.

and both Brenda and Billy . and put the rocks over the grave . Lorenzo again asks Brenda what really happened to Cody and she pleads with him to believe her. After dropping her off at her place. he starts to drive home and realizes he’s being followed. and one of the hospital's doctors gives him a shot of adrenaline. She would feed Cody cough syrup. Lorenzo calls in the volunteer group and suggests they search Freedomland.''Freedomland (film)'' 154 Plot The movie opens with Brenda (Julianne Moore) wandering through the Projects at night. she talks to Brenda. It’s the site of an old foundlings’ home abandoned for years . He also realizes Brenda couldn't have moved such heavy rocks. Lorenzo takes Brenda home. The white town’s cops show up at the projects and arrest a man. whom he resembles. Lorenzo takes her back to the police department and they talk. she shifts the context of the sentence to asking Brenda. There’s still no sign of Cody. and he heads for the hospital. a man from the projects. not knowing what to do. Then she called her ex-lover and asked him to help. He carried Cody out there. He gets a call about seeing Brenda to take a report on her stolen car. in which Cody is buried. Lorenzo asks her once again and Brenda cracks and tells them that that is the wrong place. a police officer. He declines their help and goes home. The next day. Realizing that the case will be turned over to Federal investigators. was in the back seat of her car when it was stolen. Lorenzo calls in the forensic team. and other officers have to drag them apart.and the only place in the area that a small child could wander or hide for some time. but after a few minutes. ordering an exhumation. The searchers gather and Lorenzo learns that their leader lost her son about ten years before. who has helped a sketch artist do a rendering of the man who took her car. The police begin to search for Brenda's son. she found Cody dead under the table. he visits his incarcerated son. Jackson). Lorenzo reacts to this with an asthma attack. despite her son's warnings that she would be sorry. she reveals to Lorenzo that Cody. she lost it. to get him to sleep. which are cut and covered in blood. She tells her how she wishes she knew where her son was. They beat him. goes into the emergency room and reveals her hands. As they search. They also feel that taking Brenda there will get the truth out of her via the psychological impact of the place. drag him back to the precinct and hold up the drawing of the wanted man. Lorenzo asks his partner to stall them for one more day. Lorenzo signs an arrest warrant. and tensions are going through the roof around the projects. She eventually comes to a hospital. buried him. but he suspects that there’s something she’s not telling him. but can’t prove it. who are trying to pick up a criminal on a warrant from the next town. then checks up on Brenda. When she returned. Brenda's brother goes into a rage and beats the man. He'd overdosed on the cough syrup. When Brenda realized what happened. but as they're leaving. Brenda is in shock. in which they find a shallow grave covered with heavy rocks. She leads them to another park. Tensions grow as the local media cover the story extensively. Brenda then confesses she was having an affair with Billy. He pulls over and finds out it’s a volunteer group that helps look for missing kids. Her brother over-reacts and calls every cop car to seal up the projects and look for clues. Gradually. that Cody is her life and she would never hurt him. One night. Brenda walked out to see the man. a mother tells her to stay away from her child. how she knows who did it. She goes by the day care center where she works and the children try to cheer her up. Initially it doesn't seem to work. She drove out to the woods and dug his grave with her bare hands. predominantly white.both as a tribute and to keep animals away. She runs through what she would like to say to the man to get him to tell her where the body is. It is also revealed that Brenda's brother is a police officer in the next. They start to question him when Lorenzo and Brenda’s brother show up. As she’s leaving. so she could have sex with Billy without interruption. The movie cuts to Lorenzo (Samuel L. her four-year-old son. Cody wouldn't fall asleep and they had a fight. town. and his partner. the night Billy would end this relationship. Lorenzo leaves in horror and runs into his partner outside.

''Freedomland (film)'' are taken away. the police make their presence known in the projects due to the tensions over the arrest of another black man. Fires are set. That night. Brenda is charged with criminal negligence in court and sits in prison awaiting trial. as they walk away.com/title/tt0349467/) at the Internet Movie Database • Freedomland (http://www. The next day. Tensions are even higher. and thanks his partner for bringing him there. and Lorenzo implores both sides to calm down and step back before things go too far.sonypictures.com/movies/?id=freedomland. several tenants do not. Lorenzo reads an elegy about life. and thanks him.helping other prisoners. Then he visits his son and breaks down into tears.imdb. cops jumped and arrests made everywhere. and Cody. He promises he'll visit her. However. Lorenzo attempts to break up fights but ends up getting struck by a billy club when pulling a tenant off of a fellow cop. 155 Cast • • • • • • • • Samuel L. Later on. the search mother's dead son.htm) at Box Office Mojo . Jackson as Officer Lorenzo Council Julianne Moore as Brenda Martin Edie Falco as Karen Collucci Ron Eldard as Danny Martin William Forsythe as Boyle Aunjanue Ellis as Felicia Anthony Mackie as Billy Williams Marlon Sherman as Cody References External links • Official website (http://http://www. he and his partner go to a memorial to Kent. The situation erupts into a full-scale riot. who throws the first punch at a police officer saying "Y'all have a good night". Among them is a young man Lorenzo has been trying to keep out of trouble.html) • Freedomland (http://www. people beaten. Lorenzo visits Brenda in prison and tells her to channel her grief into something positive .com/movies/freedomland/index. she says she loves him for his heart.boxofficemojo.

Margaret Oberman and Steve Carpenter.696 Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue The Man is a 2005 comedy crime film starring Eugene Levy. 2005. Jackson Eugene Levy Miguel Ferrer John Murphy Adam Kane Peter Fandetti Jeffrey Wolf New Line Cinema September 9. 2005 83 minutes Germany United States English $20m $10. and Miguel Ferrer. The Man is directed by Les Mayfield and produced by Rob Fried from a screenplay by Jim Piddock.393. Fried Jim Piddock Margaret Oberman Stephen Carpenter Samuel L. Samuel L.''The Man (film)'' 156 The Man (film) The Man Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Les Mayfield Kent Alterman Toby Emmerich Robert N. New Line Cinema released The Man in Canada (through Alliance Atlantis) and the United States on September 9. Jackson. based on the story by Jim Piddock and Margaret Oberman. .

He finds Manny shot dead on his toilet seat. Unfortunately. Joey tells them that he still thinks Vann is a cop. . Andy tells him that Vann will do anything that is told. but Andy explains that they now get to decide where the meeting takes place. is on the other end of the line. where they will make the exchange. Vann chases after him in a car he “borrows” and eventually pulls him over. Before Vann picks him up. whose partner was recently murdered. After quickly exiting the car. Andy's 9-1-1 call proves effective and a group of squad cars pull them over. Joey says he wants to meet Turk in a restaurant. At the same time. which they do. Andy is in the diner. and Vann takes Andy to his hotel. Meanwhile. At Detroit.[1] 157 Plot A man named Andy Fiddler (Eugene Levy) is in his bathroom. When Andy tells Vann what he did. He is to go to a diner and be reading a USA Today. attempts to drive the car with one hand. Vann then suggests Andy use the taco sauce in his glove compartment to ease the pain of the bullet wound. Joey says he wants $500. Vann tells Andy that he is going to make a stop at a friends house. and the traffickers just drive by. He wants “Turk” (the pseudonym that Vann used when setting up the buy) to drop $20. The killer was Joey.000 for the whole batch. and needs Fiddler to drop it. with the menacing Brit. He works for a dental supply company. After an embarrassing confession to this by Vann. and they say goodbye. he sets up a buy. where. preparing a speech. The “friend” is a gun dealer that Vann knows named Manny Cortez. Vann gets a call from his ex-wife Dara (Rachael Crawford). Vann realizes that the gun traffickers mistook Andy for him. Soon. for some reason. Andy. and he is furious at Andy for running a make on his plate. Canada. Andy gets word to 9-1-1 via the cellphone.''The Man (film)'' Filming took place in Hamilton. He tells them that there were complications. After some inquests by Joey about how he got the money so fast he throws Joey the money saying it means nothing to a powerful trafficker like him. whose name we later find out is Joey. Fidler suggests that they go to Vann's daughter's dance recital. They head to the restaurant. Vann explains to Kate that he's on assignment. and his favorite newspaper is USA Today. Andy pulls a cell phone out of it. and get backup there. and Andy enters. much to Vann's dismay. The cell phone that Fiddler receives rings. who reminds him about his daughter Kate's (Tomorrow Baldwin Montgomery) dance recital. Upon meeting Joey and his cronies. They arrange for a meeting which they attend with no backup. who is handcuffed to the passenger door. running a make on Vann's license plate numbers. they are put in the pool. He gets distracted when the phone that Joey gave to Fiddler rings. After a visit to his informant Booty (Anthony Mackie) (who is later gunned down). Jackson). Ontario. then a gun. A menacing Englishman (Luke Goss) sits next to him and hands him a paper bag with “his taste” in it then leaves. and are soon to be sold. Vann admits this. Unfortunately.000 dollars in a certain trash can. he is furious. Vann reveals that he has the money. Andy tries to get away. Vann goes to his confiscated items buddy Santos (Horatio Sanz). Joey says he will call back in about an hour. which the waitress sees and thinks Andy's holding the place up. is trying to retrieve some guns that were stolen from a federal armory. a homeless guy screws this up. ATF agent Derrick Vann (Samuel L. Andy complains that he is hungry. who eventually gives into his requests. Andy gets another call asking him what happened. That's when Vann walks into the diner and cuffs him. Andy tries to perform the drop plain and simple. The police discover that Vann is ATF and move aside. However. He also gives Joey back the cell and tells him that he makes the calls now. only to have Vann graze him with a gunshot to the rear. Joey asks who Vann is. When back in the car. and drags Andy along with him. and tells them that he is betraying the service to make some money. Wisconsin. Vann takes him to a burger joint. He will soon be giving a speech to investors in Detroit. Fiddler sits down with Joey and discusses the deal. and lives in Milwaukee. and is very nervous. Joey is convinced. they leave and call Joey. He also tells Vann that they should let Joey simmer for a bit before calling him. they are taken to Joey's residence. After that.

and that he is actually trying to buy the guns and killed Booty. and Midnight Run. enters Vann's office and says they need to talk. Altogether. It was considered a derivative clone of better buddy-comedies like 48 Hrs. They need him to wear a wire and get a confession out of Vann. Critics were somewhat enthusiastic towards the performances by Samuel L. Cortez. and Vann's partner himself. Andy gives his speech. Joey gets mowed down. Agent Lindsay Ames as Waitress Randy Butcher as Precinct Cop Michael Cameron as IA driver Kevin Rushton as Thug Joe Sacco as Rookie Cop Horatio Sanz as Santos Nestor Serrano as Manuel "Manny" Cortez Andrew Stelmack as Conventioneer Beatriz Yuste as Nun Box office In its opening weekend. They tell him that Vann was lying to both him and them. Andy. The Man earned $4. Joey is skeptical and pulls a gun on Vann. now wired. . They enter the barn where the exchange is going to go down. the film did not do well at the box office. Jackson and Eugene Levy.A. and Vann gets shot in the buttocks.040 theaters. Vann asks him straight out if he's wired. When he exits the building.382.014 in 2. Andy admits he is. and his boss (Susie Essman) tells him that Andy was setting him up. Vann is suspended.330. Internal Affairs agent Peters (Miguel Ferrer) grabs him and throws him in a surveillance truck. Meanwhile. 158 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. Rita Carbone Anthony Mackie as Booty Gigi Rice as Susan Rachael Crawford as Dara Vann Philip Akin as Second I. The police enter. after hearing everything through the wire. Recognizing Andy's nervousness. Jackson as Derrick Vann Eugene Levy as Andy Fidler Luke Goss as Joey Trent/Kane Miguel Ferrer as Agent Peters Susie Essman as Lt. though the latter received a Razzie nomination for Worst Supporting Actor.[2] Reception The Man received less than enthusiastic reviews from critics. back at ATF offices.720 in the United States and Canada and $12.362 worldwide. only earning $8.065. Vann starts driving to the exchange with Andy in tow. and it goes well.''The Man (film)'' The next day.

com/title/tt0399327/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Man (http://www.com.com/work/306977) at Allmovie . boxofficemojo.themanmovie.''The Man (film)'' 159 Trivia • In most of the driving scenes Samuel L. in many of the scenes between driving his eye returns to normal. External links • Official website (http://http://www. • Samuel L. Jackson's car has a Michigan front license plate. Ontario" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-01-29.+ Ontario. Jackson has a red left eye. but cars registered in Michigan only have a single rear license plate.+ Canada).allmovie. imdb. • The scene where Vann tries to convince Andy to get a cheeseburger he says "It's a tasty burger" is a reference to Samuel L. References [1] "Internet Movie Database . Jackson's film Pulp Fiction. . com/ movies/ ?id=man. . Retrieved 23 April 2006. [2] "The Man (2005)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. com/ List?endings=on& & locations=Hamilton. htm).com/) • The Man (http://www.List of Films shot in Hamilton.imdb.

754. 2005 140 minutes United States English $113 million $848. 2005 (Cannes) May 19. Jackson Christopher Lee John Williams Music by Cinematography David Tattersall Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Roger Barton Ben Burtt Lucasfilm 20th Century Fox May 15.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' 160 Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Lucas Rick McCallum George Lucas (executive) George Lucas Ewan McGregor Hayden Christensen Natalie Portman Ian McDiarmid Frank Oz Samuel L.768 [1] Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones .

Anakin reunites with his wife. Anakin begins to lose faith in the Jedi. 161 Plot The Galactic Republic is on the verge of collapse under the stress of the Clone Wars. who has been controlling both sides of the war. who reveals that she is pregnant. There. Meanwhile. while denying the headstrong young Jedi the rank of Master.[1] making it the second highest grossing film in the Star Wars franchise (not adjusting for inflation). his former master. who inevitably succumbs to the Dark Side of the Force and transforms into Darth Vader. Obi-Wan and Jedi Master Yoda discover Anakin's treachery. The film was released in theatres on May 19. and Anakin himself. Anakin pilots the disintegrating flagship to a not-so-controlled crash landing on Coruscant. Anakin is overjoyed of the news of becoming a father. and received generally positive reviews from critics. but Grievous traps them inside and escapes. Darth Vader. Palpatine later reveals himself to Anakin as the Sith Lord Darth Sidious. Anakin resolves to prevent these nightmares from becoming a reality. Their deepening friendship proves dangerous for the Jedi Order. the galaxy. the cyborg commander of the Separatist Droid Army. It broke several box office records during its opening week and went on to earn over $848 million worldwide.[1] It is also the only Star Wars film to be rated PG-13 by the MPAA and 12A by the BBFC. There. Obi-Wan is sent to the planet Utapau. the Chancellor of the Galactic Republic and. allowing the Sith Lord to kill the Jedi Master. which have been raging between the Galactic Republic and the Separatists. Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker and Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi fly in from the Outer Rim sieges to rescue the Chancellor. order Anakin to secretly monitor him. the second highest grossing film of 2005 worldwide behind Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. . kidnaps Supreme Chancellor Palpatine in a surprise attack on the capital and attempts to escape. Desperate for the power to save his wife. proclaiming himself as its Emperor. Anakin. The film takes place three years after the onset of the Clone Wars. The Jedi free the Chancellor and attempt to escape the battle-torn flagship. Lucas began writing the script before production of Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones began. which ends when Anakin decapitates Count Dooku in cold blood at Palpatine's urging. Anakin becomes Palpatine's new apprentice. Meanwhile. The Jedi Knights are spread out across the galaxy leading a massive clone army in the war against the Separatists. they confront the Sith Lord Count Dooku in a lightsaber duel. where he engages and kills General Grievous. especially in contrast to the previous two prequels. The Council. and split up to confront Vader and Palpatine. who is being held captive on Grievous' flagship. believing Palpatine is his only hope to save Padmé. General Grievous. 2005. Palpatine places Anakin on the Jedi Council as his representative. a Sith Lord. and sends Vader to the Jedi Temple to kill the Jedi there and to Mustafar to assassinate the Separatist leaders. He also becomes intrigued when Palpatine tells him the story of Darth Plagueis. intervenes and cuts off Windu's dueling hand before he can execute Palpatine. Anakin reports Palpatine's treachery to Jedi Master Mace Windu. grows close to Palpatine. angered by the insult and instructions to commit treason. It is the sixth and final film released in the Star Wars saga and the third in terms of the series' internal chronology. It was the highest grossing film of 2005 in the US. separated from Kenobi. Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is a 2005 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas. who engages and subdues Palpatine in a lightsaber duel. Filming took place in Australia with additional locations in Thailand and Italy. Palpatine orders the clones to kill their Jedi Generals throughout the galaxy. a Sith Lord with the power to prevent death. Padmé Amidala. and lasted over three months. Palpatine converts the Republic into the Galactic Empire. similar to the visions he had of his mother before she died. leader of the Separatist Army. unbeknownst to the public. The Jedi Council dispatches Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi to eliminate the evil General Grievous. but he begins having nightmares of Padmé dying in childbirth. who suspect Palpatine of corruption. an ability which is said to be only be gained through the dark side of the Force.

He often travels and performs missions with his best friend and former Padawan. she has recently become pregnant with twins. he uses the Force to choke her into unconsciousness. Owen and Beru Lars. Luke and Leia.[3] • Natalie Portman as Padmé Amidala: Padmé is Anakin's secret wife. • Hayden Christensen as Anakin Skywalker / Darth Vader: Anakin is a recently-knighted Jedi and hero of the Clone Wars. effectively turning him into a dictator. and he screams in torment.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' Obi-Wan talks to Padmé. when specifically asked if he had supplied the voice. When Vader inquires about Padmé. When Vader sees Obi-Wan. either newly or Hayden Christensen as Anakin Skywalker in Star Wars from a previous recording. however. As Senator of Naboo. witnessing the construction of the first Death Star. Anakin. He is a friend and mentor to many Jedi. Darth Sidious. told Newsday. he is forced to escape when their duel ends in a stalemate. while the voice will always be uncredited. and lure Anakin to his side. (2005) Lucas about that. and dies after telling Obi-Wan that Anakin still has good in him. Yoda decides to go into self-imposed exile. Yoda confronts and fights Palpatine. Meanwhile. he swears that he will do whatever it takes to save her. While there. and her husband's increasingly dark behavior. the Senate has voted him vast emergency powers. As a result. briefly heard voice of Darth Vader at the film's conclusion. By this time. In reality. While many assume that James Earl Jones is the uncredited. Because similar visions accurately foretold the death of his mother. who secretly stowed away on Padmé's ship. Obi-Wan and Vader then engage in a fierce duel. any true Star Wars fan "should know the answer". This revelation breaks what remains of Anakin's spirit. Padmé gives birth to twins. who finally steps from the shadows to destroy the Jedi Order and the Republic it serves. Palpatine rescues Vader and resuscitates his body with cybernetic limbs. she discovers that Obi-Wan was telling the truth. They then go their separate ways to wait for a time when they can challenge the Empire. 162 Cast • Ewan McGregor as Obi-Wan Kenobi: Obi-Wan is a General for the Galactic Republic and is a Jedi Master who sits on the Jedi Council. Jones. • Ian McDiarmid as Darth Sidious / Chancellor Palpatine: As the Supreme Chancellor of the Galactic Republic.[2] However. • Frank Oz voices Yoda: The wise old leader of the Jedi Council. Obi-Wan then takes Vader's lightsaber and leaves him to die. he begins to have recurring visions of her dying in childbirth. at the end of which Vader loses his remaining limbs to Obi-Wan's lightsaber and is immolated when he slides too close to a lava flow. Palpatine enacted the start of the Clone Wars against the Separatists. Meanwhile. destroying objects around him with the Force. but first promises Obi-Wan to teach him how to return from the netherworld of the Force — with help from the spirit of Qui-Gon Jinn. I don't know". he becomes a sort of mentor to Anakin. Upon learning of his wife's pregnancy. He plays a major role in the Battle of Kashyyyk. she is deeply concerned about Palpatine's growing power. he is told that he killed her in his own anger. Senator Bail Organa decides to adopt Leia and take her to Alderaan. black armor and a respirator. who refuses to believe that her husband has turned to the dark side and travels to Mustafar. believing that he turned Padmé against him. "You'd have to ask Episode III:Revenge of the Sith. the commentary on the DVD release states that. while Obi-Wan decides to take Luke to Tatooine in the care of his stepfamily. Since Anakin's children are the last hope for the galaxy. Palpatine is the Dark Lord of the Sith. manipulating him into distrusting the Jedi. . Vader is last seen at Palpatine's side.

Ki-Adi-Mundi is an old Jedi Master who sits at the Jedi Council and General in the Clone Wars. It was announced in 2004 that Gary Oldman had been approached to provide the voice of General Grievous. under the initials "A. producer of the Star Wars prequel trilogy. that was never chosen. visible when Palpatine arrives at the Senate after being saved by the Jedi. Obi-Wan. and Palpatine arrive via shuttle to the Senate docks after crash landing on Coruscant. Oldman is a friend of Rick McCallum. Much of the crew also make cameos in the film.[7] Days later he received a phone call asking for the full name to the initials "A. He is also skilled in lightsaber combat.[12] Jeremy Bulloch (Boba Fett in the original trilogy). of which he is a member. • Kenny Baker as R2-D2: R2-D2 is Anakin Skywalker's astro-droid and C-3PO's counterpart.[13] . and Grievous' superior. According to him." for Alan Smithee.[10] While not a direct cameo. who was also the supervising sound editor. Amanda.[5] Matthew Wood."[8] An internet hoax said John Rhys Davies was considered for the role.[9] 163 Cameo appearances Lucas makes an appearance at the Coruscant Opera House as a blue-faced being named Baron Papanoida who can be seen outside Palpatine's box. wielding two green and two blue lightsabers taken from Jedi he has killed. • Peter Mayhew as Chewbacca: Chewbacca is a Wookiee who is friendly with Yoda. without the k).[4] however. • Christopher Lee as Count Dooku / Darth Tyranus: He is a Sith apprentice to Darth Sidious. the pilot of the Rebel Blockade Runner Tantive IV. who ultimately voiced Grievous.[6] Wood. held in Indianapolis. and daughter Katie as a blue-skinned alien named Chi Eekway. they are the clones of the bounty hunter Jango Fett.S.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' • Samuel L. and together they kidnap Palpatine. the Millennium Falcon can be seen landing on one of the lower platforms as the shuttle approaches. was in charge of the auditions and submitted his audition anonymously in the midst of 30 others. • Temuera Morrison as Commander Cody and Clone Troopers: Cody and the clone troopers are part of the army for the Republic. As seen in Attack of the Clones. He is responsible for kidnapping Palpatine at the beginning. Jett. • Jimmy Smits as Senator Bail Organa: Bail Organa is a Senator in the Galactic Republic and friend to the Jedi. Leader of the Separatists. complications arose during contract negotiations after Oldman learned the film was to be made outside of the Screen Actors Guild. It marks Lucas' only appearance in any of the Star Wars films. Nick Gillard. his daughter. who grows concerned at Palpatine's growing power. • Silas Carson as Nute Gunray and Ki-Adi-Mundi: Gunray is the Viceroy of the Trade Federation. • Anthony Daniels as C-3PO: C-3PO is Padmé Amidala's personal protocol droid. the stunt coordinator. disputed this story at Celebration III. seen in the security hologram.[11] New Zealand actress Keisha Castle-Hughes appeared as Queen Apailana of Naboo. appeared in a speaking role as Captain Colton. having been trained by Count Dooku. Jackson as Mace Windu: Windu is a Jedi Master who sits on the Jedi Council and is also a Jedi General in the Clone Wars. and talking to Baron Papanoida at the Opera House.S. She is seen during the funeral scene. as a character called Terr Taneel. who is at odds with Grievous and dares to question his leadership. as a young Jedi-in-training named Zett Jukassa who is killed defending the Jedi Temple against clone troopers. He backed out of the role rather than violate the union's rules. When Anakin. • Matthew Wood voices General Grievous: Grievous is a fearsome cyborg and General of the Separatists' droid army. and recorded an audition as a favor to him. and fights alongside him in the Battle of Kashyyyk. it was confirmed in the Revenge of the Sith online text commentary that Tarfull's growl in the scene of Yoda's departure from Kashyyyk is actually Itchy's growl from The Star Wars Holiday Special. created by Anakin Skywalker. His three children also appear in cameos: his son. plays a Jedi named Cin Drallig (his name spelled backward.

Lucas permitted author James Luceno to explain the mystery of Kamino's erasure and the origins of the Clone army in his novel Labyrinth of Evil. He would later profess that at the time of the saga's conception. creating an unresolved plot hole in the process. the art department began designing the various ways that each element could appear on screen. rumored titles included Rise of the Empire. Lucas changed the title scant weeks before the premiere of Return of the Jedi. in the version that made it to theatres.[16] Michael Kaminski. sharpening Anakin's motivations for turning to the dark side. the original title of Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. ending the film's first act with his murder of Count Dooku.[21] The pre-visualization footage featured a basic raw CGI environment with equally unprocessed CGI characters performing a scene (typically an action sequence). Art design After the earliest draft of the screenplay was submitted. and is thus his "father. The Creeping Fear (which was also named as the film's title on the official website on April Fool's 2004). As a compromise. an action that signals his descent to the dark side.[19] The title is a reference to Revenge of the Jedi. Lucas decided instead to focus on Anakin. offering concept artists that the film would open with a montage of seven battles on seven planets. For instance. Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones. Anakin had a myriad of reasons for turning to the dark side. surmises that Lucas found flaws with Anakin's fall to the dark side. one of which was his sincere belief that the Jedi were truly plotting to take over the Republic. Lucas would approve hundreds of designs that would eventually appear in the film. He would later rewrite entire scenes and action sequences to correspond to certain designs he had chosen. However. Lucas had previously promised fans that he would explain the mystery behind the erasure of the planet Kamino from the Jedi Archives. but the role was not cast or shot. but Lucas tossed this scene as well. For the Kashyyyk environment.[21] The designs were then shipped to "pre-visualization" to create moving CGI versions known as "animatics". Steven Spielberg was also allowed to assist both the art and pre-visualization department's designs for several action sequences in Revenge of the Sith." a clear parallel to Vader's revelation to Luke in Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back.[18] Eventually. Revenge of the Sith also became a "guessed title" that George Lucas would later announce to be true. Lucas had originally planned to include even more ties to the original trilogy. was released. which prompted Lucas to make massive story changes. by revising and refilming many scenes. He also wrote a scene in which Palpatine reveals to Anakin that he created him from midichlorians. he had not fully realized the details—only major plot points throughout the series.[14] He began working on Episode III even before the previous film. the art department turned to The Star Wars Holiday Special for inspiration. Lucas accomplished this "rewrite" through editing the principal footage and filming new scenes during pick-ups in 2004.[14] However.[22] Over a period of months. the pre-visualization and art . Lucas claimed to have written the Star Wars saga's fundamental story in the form of a basic plot outline. Thus. instead of opening the film with various Clone Wars battles. Ben Burtt would edit these scenes with Lucas in order to previsualize what the film would look like before the scenes were even filmed. in The Secret History of Star Wars. Lucas made even more massive changes in Anakin's character. declaring that Jedi do not seek revenge.[15] Lucas reviewed the storyline that summer and radically re-organized the plot. After principal photography was complete in 2003.[21] In the previous versions. Lucas emphasized Anakin's desire to save Padmé from death and submerged many of Anakin's other motives. Lucas abandoned this plot thread in order to devote more time to Anakin's story.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' 164 Production Writing In 1973. and Birth of the Empire.[21] Later. Anakin falls to the dark side primarily to save Padmé.[20] Since Lucas refocused the film on Anakin.[17] A significant number of fans speculated online about the film's subtitle. he had to sacrifice certain extraneous plot points relating to Attack of the Clones. Lucas wrote early drafts of the script in which a 10-year-old Han Solo appeared on Kashyyyk.

warranting the set to be constructed. As Christensen recounted.[27] As the DVD featurette Within a Minute illustrates. An example of this occurs as Obi-Wan strikes down on Anakin after applying an armlock in the first half of the duel. Revenge of the Sith has 2. props and costumes. All other footage was forwarded to lead editor Ben Burtt at Skywalker Ranch in California. The production company was also fortunate enough to be shooting at the same time that Mount Etna erupted in Italy.[21] While shooting key dramatic scenes. Camera crews were sent to the location to shoot several angles of the volcano that were later spliced into the background of the animatics and the final film version of the planet Mustafar. were spotted on the webcam. Special effects were created using almost all formats. but they also received access to a webcam that transmitted a new image every 20 seconds during the time it was operating in Fox Studios Australia. McGregor and Christensen performed their own lightsaber fighting scenes without the use of stunt doubles.[26] Special effects The post-production department began work during filming and continued until weeks before the film was released in 2005. CGI and practical effects. These included the limestone mountains depicting Kashyyyk. who was on location in Sydney. Actors Hayden Christensen and Ewan McGregor began rehearsing their climactic lightsaber duel long before Lucas would shoot it. Lucas analyzed each scene with the staff to see which moments the actors would come in most contact with the set." a process that involves shooting with two or more cameras at the same time in order to gain several angles of the same performance.[28] .[21] Members of Hyperspace.[24] The speed at which Anakin and Obi-Wan engage in their duel is mostly the speed at which it was filmed. although there are instances where single frames were removed to increase the velocity of particular strikes.441 man-hours to create 49 seconds of footage for the Mustafar duel alone. They trained extensively with stunt coordinator Nick Gillard to memorize and perform their duel together. Thailand (they were later damaged by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami). 165 Filming Although the first scene filmed was the final scene to appear in the film (shot during the filming of Attack of the Clones in 2000). Benefits included not only special articles.85 metres tall) to look through the mouthpiece of the helmet. To determine the required sets.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' department designs were sent to the production department to begin "bringing the film out of the concept phase"[21] by building the various sets. the film required 910 artists and 70. a process that would require a full 24 hours had it been shot on film. The same department later composited all such work into the filmed scenes—both processes taking nearly two years to complete.[14] Revenge of the Sith eventually became the first Star Wars film in which Anakin Skywalker and the suited Darth Vader were played by the same actor in the same film. Many times the stars.[23] principal photography on the film occurred from June 30 2003 to September 17. the Official Star Wars Fan Club. The film was shot entirely on sound stages at Fox Studios Australia in Sydney. although practical environments were shot as background footage later to be composited into the film.[21] Using the HD technology developed for the film. Like the previous two prequel films. a world record. it was originally intended to simply have a "tall guy" in the Darth Vader costume. Australia cutting the climactic duel. Lucas would often use an "A camera" and "B camera. But after "begging and pleading" with Lucas. which were filmed in Phuket. the Vader costume used in the film was created specifically to fit Christensen. The new costume featured shoe lifts and a muscle suit. and Lucas himself. the filmmakers were able to send footage to the editors the same day it was shot." or the "V technique.[25] It also required Christensen (who is 6 feet 1 inch/1. received a special look into the production. including model work.[21] Footage featuring the planet Mustafar was given to editor Roger Barton.151 shots that use special effects. 2003.

a traditional venue for the Star Wars films. Bai Ling filmed minor scenes for the film playing a senator. The death scene of Shaak Ti aboard the Invisible Hand (which can be viewed in the DVD deleted scenes section) is considered non-canon. six years apart). who later pleaded guilty to his charges. who also pleaded guilty to uploading to an un-named P2P network. However.[35] Eight people were later charged with copyright infringement and distributing material illegally. but is featured in a deleted scene in the DVD release.[33] On May 16. Lucas did this in order to focus more on Anakin's story in the film. it was released in Shanghai as a bootleg DVD with Chinese subtitles. The scene where Yoda arrives on Dagobah to begin his self-imposed exile was also cut.[37] Shortly after the above-mentioned print was leaked.[36] The illegal copy was passed among seven people until reaching an eighth party.[30] Its theatrical release in most other countries took place on May 19 to coincide with the 1999 release of Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (the 1977 release of Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope and the 1983 release of Return of the Jedi were also released on the same day and month. but the role was not cast or shot. Lucas denied this. and that he had cut his own daughter's scenes as well. Releases Revenge of the Sith premiered at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival (out of competition) on May 16. The movie was a time-stamped workprint. the Empire Cinema in London's Leicester Square hosted a day-long Star Wars marathon showing of all six movies: an army of Imperial stormtroopers "guarded" the area.[14] Many scenes concerning Jedi deaths during the execution of Order 66 were cut.[14] Lucas wrote early drafts of the script in which a 10-year-old Han Solo appeared on Kashyyyk. whose appearance on newsstands coincided with the movie's May release.[29] Lucas had previously promised to explain the mystery behind the erasure of the planet Kamino from the Jedi Archives setup in Attack of the Clones. however. Lucas excised all the scenes of a group of Senators (including Padmé) organizing an alliance to prevent the Chancellor from receiving any more emergency powers.[14] This may be viewed as a plot hole. . but her role was cut during editing.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' 166 Deleted scenes During the process of shaping the film for its theatrical release.[32] Most of them took advantage of an offer to see the film at a nearby cinema. Lucas and his editors dropped many scenes.[31] Grauman's Chinese Theatre. as she was later confirmed to be alive and featured in The Force Unleashed multimedia campaign.[34] Leaked workprint A copy of the movie leaked into peer-to-peer file sharing networks just hours after opening in theaters. Gray & Christmas claimed one week before the premiere that it may have cost the US economy approximately US$627 million in lost productivity because of employees who took a day off or reported in sick. although McCallum stated he hopes Lucas may add it to the release when and if he releases a six-episode DVD box set. did not show it. for unexplained reasons. a line of people stood there for more than a month hoping to convince someone to change this. Documents filed by the Los Angeles District Attorney allege that a copy of the film was taken from an unnamed Californian post-production office by an employee. stating that the cut had been made more than a year earlier. and even an entire subplot. ArcLight Cinemas (formerly the "Cinerama Dome"). Lucas permitted author James Luceno to explain the mystery of Kamino's erasure and the origins of the Clone army in his novel Labyrinth of Evil. She claimed this was because she posed for the June 2005 issue of Playboy. The global outplacement firm Challenger. The deaths of Barriss Offee and Luminara Unduli were either cut from the film or not filmed in the first place. and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra gave a free concert of Star Wars music. also elected to include English subtitles. from the completed film. As a compromise. They were discarded to achieve more focus on the story of Anakin. The unknown producer of this DVD. suggesting it may have come from within the industry rather than from someone who videotaped an advance screening.

The only alteration made was the change of a scene transition near the end." namely for the scene in which Darth Vader is set aflame by lava and molten rock. rather than using the original English script. 2005 in Australia. due to marketing issues.[39] 167 Rating Revenge of the Sith is the only Star Wars film to receive a PG-13 rating from the MPAA."[38] This last translation error would later be popularized as an internet meme. it was given a PG rating in most provinces. the films in the original trilogy were later re-submitted to the MPAA due to changes in the re-released versions and once again received PG ratings. In the United Kingdom it received a 12A rating. for example. Six deleted scenes were included with introductions from Lucas and McCallum. animation director Rob Coleman.[44] . The Story of Star Wars. because of Anakin's final moments and the content of the film being the darkest and most emotional of all six films. The mis-translation also caused the word "fuck" (a mis-translation of "work") to appear three times in the subtitles. 2005 in the United Kingdom and on November 3. The DVD included a number of documentaries including a new full-length documentary as well as two featurettes. When Revenge of the Sith was released in Canada. with picture and sound mastered from the original digital source material. Some critics. included is an audio commentary track featuring Lucas.[42] The DVD was a two-disc set. the film was released on VHS in Australia. Unlike any other films directed by Lucas. Like the other DVD releases. translating many characters literally and losing the meaning of words. An Xbox game demo for Star Wars: Battlefront II along with a trailer for the Star Wars: Empire at War PC game was featured on the second disc. producer Rick McCallum. the title of the movie.[45] countries in the world.[40] At the same time. This release is notable because. Home video Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith was released on DVD on November 1.[41] All previously released films in the series were rated PG. which involved the change from a wipe to a straight cut. later responded that children would be able to handle the film as long as they had parental guidance. and rendered Darth Vader's cry of "Noooooooo" (不 要 ) as "Do not want. One error in translation that recurs several times in the film is that the phrase "it seems" (好 象 ) was rendered as "good elephant". 2008. including Roger Ebert and Richard Roeper. the other looking at the movie's stunts and a 15 part collection of web-documentaries from the official Web site. on October 31. Lucas had stated months before the MPAA's decision that he felt the film should receive a PG-13 rating. This translation was particularly inept. hence a "PG rating".[43] However. In Australia the film was rated M for mature audiences (similar to PG-13). that was only sold at Wal-Mart stores. It was also released in most major territories on or near the same day. one which explores the prophecy of Anakin Skywalker as the Chosen One. the United Kingdom and other The DVD was re-released in a prequel trilogy box set on November 4. excluding Quebec. included another bonus DVD. The Story of Star Wars alongside the Revenge of the Sith DVD Also. Revenge of the Sith was released on DVD without any noticeable alterations from the film's original theatrical cut. 2005 in the United States and Canada.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' which were in fact translated back into English from the Chinese translation. it was the first Star Wars film never to be released on VHS in the United States. a special two-pack exclusive. was given as Star War — The third gathers — Backstroke of the West. where it was rated G. however. The PG-13 rating had not existed when the films in the original trilogy were released. and ILM visual effects supervisors John Knoll and Roger Guyett. leading to unintentional humor. officially for "sci-fi violence and some intense images.

2010. $8 million). behind Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. and for Hayden Christensen's performance (which won him his second Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor). Some websites went so far as to propose a boycott of the film. Much of the criticism for the film was directed towards the dialogue. Revenge of the Sith is scheduled to re-release in 3D in 2014. Hold me."[49] Critics have claimed this demonstrated Lucas' weakness as a writer of dialogue. 2011. or at least. when that movie grossed $55.. In total. Scott of The New York Times concluded that it was "the best of the four episodes Mr.[46] On January 6.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' The Star Wars films are scheduled to be released on Blu-ray Disc in 2011. In a 2007 summary of the 100 Best Science-Fiction Films on Rotten Tomatoes. while A New Hope and Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back are rated 94% and 97% respectively. Lucas has directed.. the film broke four box office records: midnight screenings gross (previously held by The Lord of the Rings: Return of the King.[49] while other reviewers judged it to be the best Star Wars film since The Empire Strikes Back.[53] With only the May 19 earnings.[49] Some critics considered it the best of the prequels. O.[1] The film earned an estimated $16.[47] 168 3D Re-release On September 28. a subject with which Lucas openly agreed when receiving the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute. making it the highest rated out of the prequel trilogy and the third highest-rated film of the entire Star Wars saga: The Phantom Menace. the strongest of the three prequels.[48] Reception Critical reception Critical reaction towards Revenge of the Sith was generally positive. Worldwide gross for the film eventually reached nearly $850 million—ranking the film second worldwide in 2005." and equal to The Empire Strikes Back as "the richest and most challenging movie in the cycle". stating that the film's storyline was written during the Vietnam War and was influenced by that conflict rather than the war in Iraq. Film review site Rotten Tomatoes calculated an approval rating of 80% based on 250 reviews. 66%. single day gross (Shrek 2 with $44. Bush administration and the Iraq War.where there was nothing but our love. making it the only prequel film in the Star Wars series to earn a ranking. and 78% respectively.[52] Its single day gross record and opening day gross record were later surpassed by Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest on July 7. particularly the film's romantic scenes.[50] Though many critics and fans saw it as one of the best of the series. that "The parallels between Vietnam and what we're doing in Iraq now are unbelievable". Lucas did note.900 midnight screenings in North America upon its release. like you did by the lake on Naboo.5 million from 2. claiming it has a liberal bias and is a commentary on the George W..[51] Box office performance Revenge of the Sith was released in 115 countries.[49] Some American neoconservatives criticized the film..5 million on its opening day. Critics and fans alike were quick to jump on such lines as "Hold me.4 million).[53] and midnight screening gross . opening day gross (Spider-Man 2. it was announced that all six films in the series will be stereo converted to 3D. Attack of the Clones and Return of the Jedi are rated 62%.8 million) and Thursday gross (The Matrix Reloaded with $37. with $40. Lucas defended the film.5 million). it earned a record $50 million on its opening day. The films will re-release in chronological order beginning with The Phantom Menace in early 2012.5 million on its opening day. some saw it as more or less on par with The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones. Revenge of the Sith was placed 51 out of 100. the release was announced for September 2011 in three different editions. 2006. Ani.[52] It was surpassed the following year by Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest which earned $55. A. however.

Lucas intercuts between Anakin and Padmé by themselves. it was nominated for Best Makeup (Dave Elsey and Nikki Gooley).7 million).[1] The film ended its run in American theaters on October 20. Lucas. The sequence is without dialog and complemented by a moody.[64] Cinematic and literary allusions Throughout Revenge of the Sith Lucas refers to a wide range of films and other sources drawing on political. Sith had passed $300 million (surpassing the record of 18 days of Shrek 2). Perhaps the most media coverage was given to a particular exchange between Anakin and Obi-Wan. and the United Kingdom and Ireland ($72. however.[63] (The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones received seven nominations each. it's all unmistakable no matter what your own politics may be. It became the only Star Wars film not to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Visual Effects. receive the fewest Golden Raspberry Awards nominations: only one. Spain ($23.[62] which he won.[55] 169 Awards and nominations Despite being the best reviewed and received film in the prequel trilogy. respectively. which led to the aforementioned controversy: "If you're not with me. a film in which a husband makes a literal pact with the devil.270.[1] International grosses that exceeded $10 million include Australia ($27. and joining Spider-Man. then you're my enemy".577. surpassing Hitch ($177.5 million. Anakin declares.) It is the only Star Wars prequel not to receive a Razzie nomination for "Worst Picture". the Witch and the Wardrobe.S. The Matrix Reloaded and Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire as the only movies to make $100 million in three days.] Bush or the Patriot Act.9 million).[59] Empire Awards (Sci-Fi/Fantasy Film).3 million). however. Christensen did. military. Mexico ($15. outgrossing second-place The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion. however. In eight days. On its fifth day it became the highest grossing movie of 2005.[54] It still retains its record for Thursday gross. The Seattle Times concluded.[66] . According to box office analysis sites. however."[65] McDiarmid. win the "Best Villain" award at the MTV Movie Awards. It was eventually the third fastest film (after Shrek 2 and Spider-Man) to reach $350 million. and mythological motifs to enhance the impact of his story. "Without naming [President George W.[1] finishing with a total gross of $380. South Korea ($10. The film earned $158. Despite Lucas' insistence to the contrary. where the record is narrowly held by Spider-Man 2. respectively.[60] and the Teen Choice Awards (Action/Adventure Movie). Germany ($47.[61] The film did. Midway in the film. Japan ($82. surpassing the previous four-day record held by The Matrix Reloaded ($134.[57] "Hollywood Movie of the Year" award at the Hollywood Film Festival..3 million). Revenge of the Sith set American records for highest gross in a given number of days for each of its first 12 days of release except for the seventh and eighth. it reached the $200 million mark (record tied with Spider-Man 2) and by its 17th day.3 million).8 million). 2008 with $18. thinking about one another in the Jedi Temple and their apartment.3 million).[56] It also won "Favorite Motion Picture" and "Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture" awards at the People's Choice Awards. during sunset. and others have also called Anakin's journey to the dark side Faustian in the sense of making a "pact with the devil" for short-term gain. France and Algeria ($56.2 million).6 million). for Christensen as Worst Supporting Actor. synthesized soundtrack.8 million). Lucas' coverage of the exterior cityscapes.5 million in its first four-day period.[58] Saturn Awards (Sci-Fi Film). the Witch and the Wardrobe by nearly $90 million. Revenge of the Sith received fewer award nominations than the previous films. It ranks 10th in all-time domestic grosses and is the highest-grossing movie of 2005 in the U.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' was broken by The Dark Knight on July 18. 2005.3 million). losing to The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion. skylines and interior isolation in the so-called "Ruminations" sequence is similar to the cinematography and mise-en-scene of Rosemary's Baby. Italy ($11. with one and two wins.

Star Wars: A Musical Journey. based on the film. more than two weeks before the release of the film. The music was composed and conducted by John Williams (who composed and conducted the score for the other five films in the Star Wars saga).[18] . such as the Battle of Jabiim (Volume 3). Not only is Saesee Tiin revealed to be a telepath. where the reader learns Palpatine lied to Dooku about what the Empire would truly be. The DVD. "Battle of the Heroes". a reference to Luke's callsign in the climactic battle of Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope.[70] Novelization The novelization of the film was written by Matthew Stover. "What a coincidence. including extra dialogue in the battle between Grievous and Obi Wan — Grievous says that he was trained by Count Dooku. it is merely hinted at.[71] Some unseen or unheard-of elements to the Revenge of the Sith story were fleshed out in the course of the novel.[71] Video game A video game. was released on May 5.[68] The soundtrack also came with a collectors' DVD. features 16 music videos set to remastered selections of music from all six film scores. The game followed the movie's storyline. for the most part. the siege of the Jedi Temple is much more violent and far more graphically explained than the cinematic version. but his horn. is revealed to have grown back. he considers Kenobi the superior swordsman in that he took an existing style (Soresu) and mastered it to the highest degree. I trained the man who killed him". at no additional cost. two weeks before the film. However.[67] A music video titled A Hero Falls was created for the film's theme. There are also references to the Star Wars: Republic comic book series.com's Top 100 Editors' Picks of 2005 (#83). hosted by McDiarmid. Such examples include more discussions between Anakin and Palpatine.[72] The style of the game was mostly lightsaber combat and fighting as Obi-Wan or Anakin. during the Battle of Coruscant. including a conversation between Count Dooku and Darth Sidious. and performed by the London Symphony Orchestra and London Voices. In addition to this. two players fight with characters of their choice against each other in a lightsaber duel to the death. set chronologically through the saga. In the latter mode. 2005. and one of the Republic capital ships is commanded by Lieutenant Commander Lorth Needa. These are a few examples of many descriptions of characters' feelings and inner narrative. lost in the Clone Wars. It includes much more dialogue than the film. and Obi-Wan replies. two players team up to combat increasingly difficult waves of enemies. or entirely new scenes for the game. The novel includes many minor details. integrating scenes from the movie. only to be told by Windu that while many consider him (Windu) to be a master-swordsman due to his creation of the Vaapad fighting style. who becomes Captain Needa in The Empire Strikes Back. featuring footage from the film and was also available on the DVD. For example. 2005. in the film. in which Palpatine explicitly says that Darth Plagueis was his master.[69] This album was chosen as one of Amazon. and a conversation between Mace Windu and Obi-Wan Kenobi where Kenobi expresses self-doubt about whether he is the right Jedi to battle General Grievous. many sections of the game featured cut scenes from the movie. There are even some humorous lines added in. Anakin's callsign is Red 5. which includes both "VS" and "Cooperative" mode.[18] In the first mode.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' 170 Soundtrack The soundtrack to the film was released by Sony Classical on May 3.[18] It also has a form of multiplayer mode.

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amazon. html). ps2. 2005-04-30. . . [64] "2006 MTV Movie Awards" (http:/ / www. nwsource. .starwars. mtv. 2005. Michael (2008). IGN.com. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20071205123253/ www. Retrieved 2008-05-17. html). archive. . [69] "Episode III Soundtrack Includes Bonus DVD" (http:/ / web. asp). com/ episode-iii/ release/ trailer/ 10. [65] Rahner. com/ gp/ feature. George Lucas.boxofficemojo. • Rinzler. Retrieved 2008-08-04. Matthew Woodring Stover. html?ie=UTF8& plgroup=1& docId=593175& plpage=3). Retrieved 2008-08-03. Retrieved 2008-08-03. com/ articles/ 608/ 608359p2. Mark (2005-05-18). New York City: Del Ray. starwars. org/ web/ 20050316210453/ http:/ / starwars. com/ history/ 05winners. razzies. [71] Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith . sonybmgmasterworks. Revenge of the Sith.starwars. 173 References • Kaminski. MTV. Golden Raspberry Foundation.rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2008-07-07. . com/ history/ 05nomSActo. Amazon. . Retrieved 2008-08-04.imdb. External links • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www. com/ id/ 7224080/ ).com/movies/episode-iii/) at StarWars. Sony BMG. [70] "Top 100 Editors' Picks" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / starwars. razzies. starwars. April 28. 2005-04-11.com (http://www. The Making of Star Wars. ISBN 0345431391.htm) at Box Office Mojo . [68] "A Hero Falls Music Video" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 2008-08-03. ISBN 978-0-9784652-3-0. The Secret History of Star Wars. The Seattle Times. [67] "Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith" (http:/ / www. . .com. Ontario: Legacy Books Press. 2005. MSNBC. html) on 2005-03-16. msn. com/ episode-iii/ release/ publishing/ news20050315. . StarWars. com/ ontv/ movieawards/ 2006/ ). Retrieved 2008-08-03. html). [66] "Star Wars III: "Titanic in Space"" (http:/ / www. html). ign.Novelization. Jonathan W (2005). [63] "26th Annual Golden Raspberry (Razzie©) Award “Winners”" (http:/ / www. archive. "The Force is with Lucas in his "Star Wars" finale" (http:/ / seattletimes. Retrieved 2008-08-04.allmovie. 2005-03-15.com/work/286686) at Allmovie • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www. Retrieved 2008-07-30. msnbc.com/m/star_wars_3/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www. com/ artists/ johnwilliams602/ starwarsepisodeiiirevengeofthesithoriginalmotion_p8611. StarWars. . 1st edition hardcover.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' [62] "Razzies© 2006 Nominees for Worst Supporting Actor" (http:/ / www. com/ episode-iii/ release/ trailer/ 10. asp). com/ episode-iii/ release/ publishing/ news20050315. html). ISBN 0-7126-8427-1 [72] "Revenge of the Sith: The Goods (Part II): Beyond The Movie" (http:/ / uk. Golden Raspberry Foundation.com/title/tt0121766/) at the Internet Movie Database • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www. Kingston. html) on 2007-12-05.com/movies/?id=starwars3.com/) • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www. com/ html/ entertainment/ 2002278140_starwars18.com.

Miller Steven Rosenblum Revolution Studios Original Film Columbia Pictures April 27. Moritz Arne Schmidt Executive Producer: Rob Cohen Derek Dauchy Todd Garner Simon Kinberg Rich Wilkes Ice Cube Willem Dafoe Scott Speedman Peter Strauss Samuel L. 2005 101 minutes United States English Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language .''xXx: State of the Union'' 174 xXx: State of the Union xXx: State of the Union Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Lee Tamahori Neal H. Jackson Xzibit Sunny Mabrey Marco Beltrami Written by Starring Music by Cinematography David Tattersall Editing by Mark Goldblatt Todd E.

Stone along with Toby enlist the aid of some of his former gang members to fight Deckert's force. A man is tending an equine farm when he discovers dead bodies. and the one written by Simon Kinberg was selected.693 xXx xXx: The Return of Xander Cage 175 xXx: State of the Union. led by Secretary of Defense and former 4-Star General George Deckert. Imprisoned former US Navy SEAL Darius Stone (Ice Cube) is selected by Agent Augustus Gibbons (Samuel L. Cobb is later revealed to be responsible for the attack on the bunker. with a projected release in mid-2011. Later. Some time later. will again feature Vin Diesel. It is a sequel to the 2002 film xXx (pronounced "triple x"). where they track a splinter faction of the U. secretly hauling guns and equipment. but both dropped out. military that attempts to overthrow the U.C. NSA Agent Gibbons fends off the attackers before barely escaping himself. Stone is later told to recover a hard drive from the NSA bunker. Cobb's strike team. Stone is discovered by Charlie. xXx: The Return of Xander Cage. Plot Original xXx superspy Xander Cage is reportedly killed in Bora Bora (by Sgt. Stone's former commanding officer (Willem Dafoe) whom he once led a mutiny against. Meanwhile. while Toby later hacks into the NSA to retrieve Deckert's plans. Police arrive. mainly released as xXx²: The Next Level outside the United States and Canada. State of the Union underperformed at the box office. Stone. Gibbons appears to be attacked in his home and killed. and is rescued by Gibbons' assistant.. but being held prisoner by Deckert. Jackson) to be the next triple-X agent. Two different scripts were made for this film.''xXx: State of the Union'' Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by $87 million $71. attackers use special explosives to break into an NSA bunker beneath the equine farm. Gibbons orders him to escape and leave him. but is framed so that it will appear that he murdered 3-Star General Pettibone. who had been in prison at Leavenworth for assaulting Deckert. Gibbons and his new agent travel to Washington D. to get information and go to her safe house. Sgt. A third film in the series. Stone meets up with Gibbons' contact. which can be seen in the Director's Cut release). illogical story and overuse of CGI-influenced visual effects for most of the action sequences as opposed to live-action stunts being filmed. the lead actor and director of the original had signed onto this film before xXx had opened. Stone infiltrates Deckert's troops aboard the USS Independence and discovers Gibbons is not dead.S.022. and was criticized heavily by critics (the first installment's reception was mixed) . while trying to escape Agent Kyle at the same time. is a 2005 action-adventure film directed by Lee Tamahori. Actor/rapper Ice Cube takes over the lead role as the new xXx and Tamahori was brought in to direct following the huge commercial success of the James Bond film Die Another Day which he directed. with Deckert covering up the plot. possibly serving as the basis for another sequel. Gibbons poses as Stone's lawyer and makes a deal with him in prison. whom Cobb and Charlie actually killed. Vin Diesel and Rob Cohen. Cohen remained an executive producer.S. makes a daring escape.mainly for its poor star. and Agent Kyle enters the house and makes a deal with Stone. a beautiful blonde named Charlie. Together they rob an 18 wheeler. Toby Lee Shavers. driving . and is killed by an assailant himself. The other script featured a radically different plot. On the night of Deckert's plan they make their move. There. The film was produced by Revolution Studios for Columbia Pictures. Afterwards. Before escaping Stone has a run-in with Cobb and it is revealed that Deckert is trying to overthrow the President. Afterwards. government and assassinate the President.

932 domestically and $71. It went on to gross only $26. while Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly called it "that rare B movie that’s rooted in gut-level stirrings of power and retaliation"[6] . Nona Gaye—Lola Jackson—Stone's girlfriend John G. They end up carjacking a tank. xXx: The Return of Xander Cage[9] . and he drives off. xXx: State of the Union was such a disappointment that it was widely believed to be the death of the xXx franchise. However. surly. David Hiltbrand of the Philadelphia Inquirer said "the plot swings between pathetically implausible and aggressively stupid"[4] . They escape on a bullet train. However. it performed poorly. Stone pursues the bullet train with a Ford Shelby Cobra Concept and after blowing Cobb up. and Stone helps Kyle infiltrate the Capitol building. Paul Arendt of the BBC said. somewhat to Stone's disgust. Steele and Shavers discussing what the next xXx agent should be. Rotten Tomatoes scores it a "Rotten" 16% as of October 4. Jackson—Agent Augustus Gibbons—head of NSA Scott Speedman—Agent Kyle Steele—young NSA agent Peter Strauss—President James Sanford Xzibit—Zeke—Stone's friend who works in a garage Michael Roof—Agent Toby Lee Shavers—Gibbon's tech assistant Sunny Mabrey—Charlie Mayweather—Deckert's beautiful cohort. incomprehensible action hero"[2] .022. a fresh face. the xXx tattoo can be seen on the back of his neck. Though the film was expected to be one of the summer blockbusters of 2005. Mack Bates of the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel praised Ice Cube's "trademark charisma and street sensibility"[5] . The flaming wreckage from the train lights Stone in a silhouette as he dives into the river below.''xXx: State of the Union'' though the backs of buildings and warehouses. The last scene shifts to the now rebuilt NSA Headquarters. Connolly—Sgt. Critical reception Chronicle called Ice Cube's version of xXx "a chubby. Financially. 2008[1] . as Stone goes back to his lifestyle. some critics liked the film. 2005 through Jive Records. a new model. fights Deckert while helping the president escape in an adjacent helicopter. Alabama Cobb Ramon De Ocampo—Agent Meadows Soundtrack A soundtrack containing hip hop and alternative rock was released on April 26. farther off the grid. it succeeds brilliantly"[7] . narrowly avoiding the wreckage that plunges in after him. Deckert receives full honors at his funeral. it has been reported that Vin Diesel has agreed to star in a sequel. It peaked at #117 on the Billboard 200." 176 Main cast • • • • • • • • • • • Ice Cube—Darius Stone—the new XXX agent Willem Dafoe—Secretary of Defense George Deckert—the main antagonist of the film Samuel L. The President awards Agent Kyle and the Unknown Soldier (Stone) the Congressional Medal of Honor. After some gunfights (in which Charlie is wounded by a liberated Gibbons). Deckert with Cobb abducts the President while he is making the State of the Union Address.873. #48 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums and #5 on the Top Soundtracks. Brian Orndorf of FilmJerk. He and Lola part with her leaving him the Mustang.com compared watching the movie to running "headfirst at top speed into a brick wall"[3] . Stone leaps from the fleeing train while Gibbons destroys it with a missile. half of what it was expected to earn.693 worldwide[8] .7 million on its opening weekend. the film was a disappointment with a gross of only $12. Boo Allen of the Denton Record . both critically and financially. To which Gibbons replies "I got the perfect candidate. where we see Gibbons. killing Deckert. "Viewed on its own trashy terms.

co. ew.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www. filmjerk. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1) External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. php?id_rev=566) [4] http:/ / ae.Variety (http:/ / www.com/film/titles/xxxstateoftheunion) at Metacritic • xXx: State of the Union (http://www. Los Angeles.net/news/20050427_5525. shtml) [8] XXX: State of the Union (2005) .htm) at Box Office Mojo • Willem Dafoe interview for XXX: State Of The Union (http://www. variety.Movies .com .1056450.boxofficemojo.review .com/title/tt0329774/) at the Internet Movie Database xXx: State of the Union (http://www.XXX2: The Next Level (http:/ / www..com/work/291135) at Allmovie xXx: State of the Union (http://www. html?id=301309& reviewId=17886 [5] http:/ / www.metacritic.Reviews . Media . com/ reviews/ article. boxofficemojo. Pictures . surly. a chubby. bbc.com/movies/triplex2/) xXx: State of the Union (http://www. com/ story/ index. philly. jsonline. htm) [9] Columbia revs up another 'XXX' .com/movies/?id=xxx2.com/m/xxx2_state_of_the_union/) at Rotten Tomatoes xXx: State of the Union (http://www.allmovie. com/ entertainment/ ui/ philly/ movie. uk/ films/ 2005/ 04/ 25/ xxx2_the_next_level_2005_review. com/ m/ xxx2_state_of_the_union/ ) [2] ROTTEN TOMATOES: Just what we need. aspx?id=322097 [6] XXX: State of the Union | Movies | EW. html) [7] BBC . com/ article/ VR1117992178.sonypictures. rottentomatoes.rottentomatoes.00.Box Office Mojo (http:/ / www. com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ movies/ ?id=xxx2. html) . rottentomatoes.imdb.com (http:/ / www.Entertainment News.XXX: State of the Union (http:/ / www. incomprehensible action hero (http:/ / www. com/ m/ xxx2_state_of_the_union/ articles/ 1384898/ just_what_we_need_a_chubby_surly_incomprehensible_action_hero) [3] FilmJerk.''xXx: State of the Union'' 177 References [1] XXX: State of the Union (XXX: The Next Level) Movie Reviews.moviehole.

''Coach Carter'' 178 Coach Carter Coach Carter Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Thomas Carter David Gale Brian Robbins Michael Tollin Mark Schwahn John Gatins Samuel L. 2005 136 minutes United States English . Jackson Robert Richard Rob Brown Debbi Morgan Ashanti Rick Gonzalez Antwon Tanner Nana Gbewonyo Channing Tatum Kenneth Burgomaster DMX Paul Linford Trevor Rabin Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Sharone Meir Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Peter Berger MTV Films Paramount Pictures January 14.

Kenyon becomes confused. Carter and the team. Carter only agreed after Damien signed a contract stating that he will maintain a GPA of 3. who created the TV series One Tree Hill. whose pregnant girlfriend. On their way back. They sneak out of their hotel and go over to her house. and someone spits on his car. Carter's son Damien. USA) head basketball coach Ken Carter made headlines in 1999 for benching his undefeated team due to poor academic results. low-paying ($1. Francis.669. Timo Cruz (Rick Gonzalez). quits the private school (against his father's wishes) and transfers to Richmond High School to play basketball on his father's team. Carter. Timo reminds him that he has winners. However. even though she sees first-hand how that has gone for her cousin. Carter cracks down on them and locks them out of the gym in the midst of the still undefeated season. Renny. a taxi driver tells them where they are. Although he discovers the players to be unruly and disrespectful. It is based on a true story.0 GPA set by the CHSAA). for which he had previously played and set as of yet unbroken records. Cruz is later seen hanging with his older. Cruz tortures himself to do it. he is able to complete them and Carter allows him back on the team. only to discover that the whole team is gone.3 grade point average (not just the 2. and makes the team spend practice time in the library. Together.806 [1] 179 Coach Carter is a 2005 film from Paramount Pictures. He comes upon the girl's house just as her parents are coming back home. he accepts and starts to gain their respect. Although a few of the players are fulfilling the contract (including Kenyon who protests that he has a 3. He walks in on practice one day. a good student who attended and played basketball at the private school St. Meanwhile. in which Richmond High School (Richmond. which director Thomas Carter co-starred in. it was what he wanted. Carter insists that all the players must accept the consequences for their collective actions as a team. Kyra (Ashanti) has given up on her plans for college in favor of having the baby. Coach Carter sets strict new rules for the team in the form of contracts — they must maintain a 2. after a heavy course of working out win their first match only to be followed by multiple consecutive wins while in the previous season the team had lost 22 games and only had four wins.3 GPA). walks out of practice on the first day after an altercation with Carter. One of the players. The screenplay was co-written by Mark Schwahn. All of this leads to Cruz quitting the team a second time. and they must wear jackets and ties on game days. Cruz goes back and forth between dealing drugs and playing on the team. invites the whole team to her house for a party while her parents are away. being tutored by some of their teachers.500 for the whole basketball season) job coaching the Richmond Oilers basketball team at his old high school. tries to find Damien.7. they must attend classes and sit in the front row. forfeits games including the most important game of the season. After receiving the poor grade reports of the team. Plot Kenneth Carter (Samuel L. directed by Thomas Carter. who admires Worm. The White Shadow. The movie shows the personal side of some players like Kenyon (Rob Brown). They celebrate when one of the fans. The team also won a holiday basketball tournament. Carter continues to get threats from other people when someone throws a rock through his window. who were coincidently last season's scoring leaders. he berates the team and tells them that next practice will be hard on all of them. Two other team members walk out on the team. He cancels basketball practice.''Coach Carter'' Budget Gross revenue $30 million $76. who is unaware of this. and with the help of his teammates also doing suicides and pushups. The movie also recycles a handful of plot-lines from another TV series. eventually going back to work for Renny. unable to decide whether he should continue with his academic life and play basketball in college or take care of the baby. asking to return. California. Carter challenges him with the seemingly impossible task of 1000 suicides and 2500 pushups to be completed in less than a week. he orders his team out and finds Worm sleeping with the parents' daughter. . drug-dealing cousin. Carter is also found on several occasions through out the movie asking Cruz what is his deepest fear. Jackson) is offered a part-time.

S. It is not just in some of us. for a total of $76 million. Kanye West. Malik Usef. the movie was not as big of a hit worldwide. Eventually. and as we let our own light shine. However. our presence automatically liberates others. by quoting Marianne Williamson: 180 “ Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. the dissenting votes being the school's principal and the chairwoman of the board. The players point out that even though the gym is reopened. Cruz is finally able to answer Carter's question. Critical reception The reviews for the film were generally positive. There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people won't feel insecure around you. Upon graduation. we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same. "What is your deepest fear?". Soundtrack The film features the song "Hope" by Twista and Faith Evans as the main song off the film's soundtrack. St. thanking the players. Common. Cruz ends up at Carter's house that night. The board eventually votes 4–2 to end the lockout. it is told that six of the players went on to college (this was a school at which only about 50% of students graduated. Beauty queen by CzarNok. What Love Can Do by Letoya. saving him from a future like his cousin's. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure. and only 6% of those who graduate usually went to college). he finds the players sitting at school desks in the gym. It is our light. The recording has five songs which were not featured in the film : About da game by Trey Songz.S. as children do. Military Academy at West Point. Critics gave Jackson considerable praise for what they believed to be his strongest performance. but when he arrives at the gym to pack up his things. Timo Cruz attended Humboldt State University where he became a starting guard. apologizing for his behavior and begging him to allow him back on the team. 2010 it has a 65% fresh meter at rottentomatoes.com. The big climactic game takes place at the state tournament's first round against the #1 ranked team in the state. Your playing small doesn't serve the world. Box Office and has grossed over $67 million to date. not our darkness that most frightens us. Francis (starring a superstar NBA prospect). with their teachers tutoring them. Box office The movie debuted at #1 on the U. the school board can't force them to play. Kenyon Stone attended Sacramento State University and received a degree in Communications. Balla by Mack 10 featuring Da Hood. Renny is shot and killed on the sidewalk while Cruz is walking back to him after greeting his friends from the team. The team makes it into the state high-school championship playoffs. Jason Lyle went to San Diego State University and received a degree in Business Administration. Over the closing song. We are all meant to shine. So Carter lets Cruz back on the team. Junior Battle went to San Jose State University on a full scholarship. after those actions received media attention. and Wouldn't You Like to Ride. he attends the U. . ” So his own fear is to not fulfill his true potential.''Coach Carter'' Late one night. As we are liberated from our own fear. Despite the Oilers' strong effort. managing to bring in only $9 million overseas. the school board and the parents fight back against Carters actions. and as of August 16. Damien Carter went on to break the Richmond High School scoring and assist records previously held by his father. An extensive list of songs is featured on the soundtrack which differs from the soundtrack recording. Carter is heartened and decides to stay. it is in everyone. Carter is on the verge of quitting. Carter´s team does not win. Worm (whose real name is Jaron Willis) received a scholarship to San Francisco State University where he played point guard for four years.

and a wayward youth (Timo Cruz) recites an edited version of the poem to prove his reformation. a former tight end for the NFL's Oakland Raiders. but Monte Vista High School. Carter attended George Fox University. • The movie states that Coach Carter attended George Mason University." "We were born to make manifest the glory of God that is within us. who are you not to be? You are a child of God. Jackson (Winner) Outstanding Director for a Motion Picture: Thomas Carter (Nominated) Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture: Ashanti (Nominated) • MTV Movie Awards • Best Female Breakthrough Performance: Ashanti (Nominated) Trivia • The movie is set in 2004 instead of 1999 when the actual events took place. In actuality. Jackson (Nominated) • Outstanding Motion Picture: David Gale. Jackson — Coach Ken Ray Carter Robert Ri'chard — Damien Carter Rob Brown — Kenyon Stone Rick Gonzalez — Timo Cruz Nana Gbewonyo — Junior Battle Antwon Tanner — Jaron 'Worm' Willis Channing Tatum — Jason Lyle Ashanti — Kyra Texas Battle — Maddux Denise Dowse — Principal Garrison Janet Jackson — Tonya Carter Mel Winkler — Coach White Vincent Laresca — Renny Sidney Faison — Ty Crane Octavia Spencer — Willa Battle . • "Our greatest fear" by Marianne Williamson is referenced throughout the film by Coach Carter. • "Junior Battle" is based on Courtney Anderson. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L.''Coach Carter'' 181 Awards/nominations • Black Movie Awards • Outstanding Achievement in Directing: Thomas Carter (Winner) • Outstanding Lead Actor in a Motion Picture: Samuel L. Brian Robbins & Michael Tollin (Nominated) • Black Reel Awards • Best Director: Thomas Carter (Winner) • Best Actor: Samuel L. Leaving out the sentences "Actually. Francis. Jackson (Nominated) • Best Breakthrough Performance: Ashanti (Nominated) • Image Awards • • • • Outstanding Motion Picture: (Nominated) Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture: Samuel L." • The school that actually beat the Oilers was not St.

boxofficemojo.com/) Coach Carter (http://uk.com/movies/?id=coachcarter.coachcarter.com/) (non-film) .com/) Official Coach Carter Soundtrack (http://www.''Coach Carter'' • • • • • • Adrienne Bailon — Dominique Dana Davis — Peyton Bob Costas .Tyron Shorty Mack .com/title/tt0393162/) at the Internet Movie Database Coach Carter (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Coach Carter (http://www.Tyreek Jeremy Wray .Pinole Guy 182 References [1] http:/ / boxofficemojo.imdb. htm External links • • • • • • Official movie site (http://www.coachcartermovie. com/ movies/ ?id=coachcarter.com/m/coach_carter/) on Rotten Tomatoes Coach Carter (http://www.Himself Lorcan Ryan .rottentomatoes.coachcartersoundtrack.

musicians. comedians. 2004 Running time Language 86 min. actresses. The movie. Interviews With: • • • • • • • • • • • • Sandra Bernhard Todd Boyd Elaine Brown LeVar Burton George Carlin Cee-Lo Morris Chestnut Stanley Crouch Ice Cube Damon Dash Chuck D Nelson George . as the title may suggest.''The N-Word'' 183 The N-Word The N-Word Movie cover for The N-Word Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Todd Larkins Williams Helena Echegoyen Nelson George Todd Larkins Williams Various actors. and activists Michael Cohen Distributed by Trio Films Release date(s) June 26. English The N-Word is a 2004 documentary directed and written by Todd Larkins Williams. politicians. looks into the history and usage of the word nigger and its variations.

''The N-Word'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Whoopi Goldberg Dick Gregory Bryant Gumbel Lisa Gay Hamilton Samuel L. Jackson Quincy Jones Robin D.G. Kelley Regina King Talib Kweli Nia Long Wynton Marsalis Chi McBride Paul Mooney Alvin F. Poussaint Michael Rapaport Ving Rhames Chris Rock John Salley Ron Shelton Russell Simmons John Singleton Cree Summer Saul Williams George C. Wolfe


External links
• The N-Word [1] at the Internet Movie Database

[1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0417003/

Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson


Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson
Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson

dvd cover
Directed by Written by Release date(s) Language Ken Burns Geoffrey C. Ward 2004 English

Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson is a documentary by filmmaker Ken Burns based on the nonfiction book of the same name by Geoffrey C. Ward (2004). The documentary was first broadcast on PBS in two parts on January 17 and January 18, 2005. In Burns' signature style the 220-minute film serves as a biography of Jack Johnson, the first African-American Heavyweight Champion of the World, as well as a documentary of racism and social inequality during the Jim Crow era against which Jack Johnson lived in defiant opposition. The film is narrated by Keith David and features a soundtrack by Wynton Marsalis and Samuel L. Jackson as the voice of Jack Johnson. Alan Rickman also contributed his voice to the documentary. In 2005, the film earned Burns an Emmy Award for Directing for Non-Fiction Programming. David won an Emmy for Best Voice Over Performance. The film was produced by David Schaye, Paul Barnes and Ken Burns (Executive Producer) for Florentine Flims.

''In My Country''


In My Country
In My Country

Directed by Produced by

John Boorman John Boorman Kieran Corrigan Robert Chartoff Lynn Hendee Mike Medavoy Antjie Krog Ann Peacock Samuel L. Jackson Juliette Binoche Brendan Gleeson Murray C. Anderson & Warrick Sony

Written by Starring

Music by

Distributed by Columbia TriStar Release date(s) 11 March 2004 Running time Language Budget 103 min. English $12,000,000 US

Gross revenue $1,491,434 [1]

In My Country is a 2004 English-language film directed by John Boorman, starring Samuel L. Jackson and Juliette Binoche. The screenplay, written by Ann Peacock, was based on Antjie Krog's memoir Country of My Skull. A special screening of the film was held for Nelson Mandela in December 2003 in the presence of John Boorman, Juliette Binoche and Robert Chartoff. Mandela liked the film and provided producers with a quote for promotion of the film: "A beautiful and important film about South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. It will engage and influence not only South Africans, but people all over the world concerned with the great questions of human reconciliation, forgiveness, and tolerance."

htm [2] http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. authenticity was greater than many other productions both before and since through the use of actual furniture. com/ wp-dyn/ articles/ A15797-2005Mar31. html [3] In My Country Movie Reviews. Of further note is that the film spanned in virtually the entire country's fund of technical talent at the SABC and other film studios. The Gardens. Rotten Tomatoes. washingtonpost. Cape Town Tuin Huis Table Mountain The Countryside and surrounds of Paarl and Malmesbury.boxofficemojo. Criticism While the film was thought to have its "heart and politics in the right place" it was otherwise panned by the Washington Post as a "formula romance".com/movies/?id=inmycountry. It received much criticism for the inclusion of a love affair and its depiction of black South Africans. Langston Whitfield. The Mt.com/title/tt0349260/) at the Internet Movie Database In My Country (http://www. in which Binoche fails at the Afrikaans accent and Jackson's character. Langston Whitfield (Jackson). com/ movies/ ?id=inmycountry. motor vehicles and many other touches to ensured that The Country of My Skull is a remarkably South African production. In addition. Pictures (http:/ / www.com/m/in_my_country/) at Rotten Tomatoes . Nelson Hotel Locations in Stellenbosch.rottentomatoes. Capetonians and travellers familiar with the city will recognise several well known land-marks co-opted to represent scenes within the film: • • • • • • The South African Museum. Retrieved on 2011-01-07.allmovie. External links • • • • In My Country (http://www.''In My Country'' 187 Plot The movie deals with the story of Afrikaner poet Anna Malan (Binoche) and an American journalist.imdb.[3] Awards Berlin Film Festival 2004 • Winner of Diamond Cinema for Peace Award 2004 - References [1] http:/ / www. Production Filming took place in and around Cape Town and the Cape Peninsula. rottentomatoes. sent to South Africa to report about the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings. lacks credibility as a Post reporter [2] .com/work/in-my-country-299150) at Allmovie In My Country (http://www. The film made heavy use of distinguished South African actors and actresses of all backgrounds for both bit and prominent parts. fixtures. com/ m/ in_my_country/ ).htm) at Box Office Mojo In My Country (http://www.

''The Incredibles'' 188 The Incredibles The Incredibles Theatrical poster Directed by Brad Bird Bill Wise (Technical) John Walker John Lasseter (Executive) Brad Bird Craig T. Nelson Holly Hunter Sarah Vowell Spencer Fox Jason Lee Samuel L. 2004 (London) November 5. 2004 (United States) 115 minutes United States English $92 million . Jackson Elizabeth Peña Michael Giacchino Produced by Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Andrew Jimenez Patrick Lin Janet Lucroy Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Stephen Schaffer Pixar Animation Studios Walt Disney Pictures Buena Vista Distribution October 27.

092 [1] 189 The Incredibles is a 2004 computer-animated superhero comedy film about a family of superheroes who are forced to hide their powers. Bob has gained a lot of weight. Incredible and the other superheroes for shunning him. Helen sneaks into Syndrome's facility to rescue Bob. Dash. It also received nominations for two other Academy Awards. Jason Lee as Mr. and was produced by Pixar Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures. an out-of-control robot on a remote island. Sarah Vowell as their teenage daughter.442. On his next trip to the island. is flown to the island. Bob's yearning to help people draws the entire Parr family into a battle with the villain and his killer robot. Incredible rejects Buddy and other would-be helpers. Shortly afterward. including Best Animated Feature. Incredible's old fan. The baby. Spencer Fox as their young son. along with two 2004 Academy Awards. and he feels frustrated by his office job with an insurance company. While Bob escapes from Syndrome. then shoots the jet down with some missiles. only to find him embracing Mirage. a former director and executive consultant of The Simpsons. who freed him . appears to be an ordinary child. Fifteen years later. who offers him a large sum of money to stop Omnidroid 9000. still pretending to have his old job. Jackson as Bob's friend. who gives her a set of supersuits for her and the children. Incredible and Elastigirl. and Elastigirl. It was written and directed by Brad Bird. citing numerous cape-related superhero accidents. who now calls himself Syndrome and intends to avenge himself against Mr. Bob accepts the offer. Helen discovers the repair on his old supersuit and visits Edna. Nelson as Bob Parr. and Elizabeth Peña as the beautiful assistant of a vengeful supervillain. After hiding the children in the jungle. One day. are Mr. Buddy. and their teen daughter Violet can turn invisible and create protective force fields. who can stretch her body into almost any shape. but Helen. The starring voices are Craig T. Samuel L. He regularly sneaks out to secretly fight crime with his friend Frozone. before he can reveal this to Helen. Omnidroid and the island are owned by Mr. Mr. Bob and Helen live unhappy suburban lives in the city of Metroville. After learning that Bob lost his job. he finds a video message from a beautiful woman named Mirage. Bob is fired from his job for losing his temper and assaulting his boss. Jack-Jack. telling them "I work alone. lawsuits from injured bystanders lead to a political backlash that forces all superheroes to stop saving the world and live normal lives.''The Incredibles'' Gross revenue $631. improving its design as they revealed its weaknesses. who call themselves Bob and Helen Parr. Incredible. with Dash and Violet secretly stowing away and Jack-Jack at home with a babysitter. Their young son Dash can run faster than the human eye can see. Two of these superpeople. Afterward. who invents gadgets and wants to be Mr. but she refuses to add a cape to it." The film begins in the city of Municiberg. and disables the robot. He has already killed many supers by luring them to the island to fight Omnidroid. who is exceedingly strong. However. who refused to let him rescue an innocent crime victim. Incredible's sidekick. and Violet survive and make their way onto the island. Plot The story is set in a world where some people have superhuman abilities. with a busy day of crimefighting and the wedding of Mr. Edna makes a new suit for Bob. Incredible has a bright but foolhardy young fan named Buddy. who can freeze things by spraying them with ice. The film won the 2004 Annie Award for Best Animated Feature. and was nominated for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy at the 2004 Golden Globes. won a 2005 Hugo Award. Incredible" who is forced to give up saving people's lives. Syndrome's security system detects the homing signal and captures Bob. He also takes his torn superhero suit to be repaired by the famous fashion designer Edna Mode. he happily spends time with his family and gets back into shape. Holly Hunter as his wife. or "supers". Mr. Bob is attacked by Omnidroid. but the family is required to hide their powers as part of the government's Superhero Relocation Program. a superhero called "Mr. His plan is to make people believe he is a superhero by staging a fake battle with the robot. Incredible's most avid fan. Helen locates him with a homing beacon and flies to the island in a jet.

Jack-Jack uses his recently emerged superpowers to attack him. "Consciously. Syndrome eventually captures the family and follows the robot in a jet. but he is knocked unconscious after the robot's artificial intelligence becomes aware of the device and shoots it off of him. who triggered the Island's security system shortly after Syndrome launched a rocket to fly Omnidroid to Metroville. Incredible Sarah Vowell as Violet Parr Spencer Fox as Dashiell Robert "Dash" Parr Eli Fucile and Maeve Andrews as Jack-Jack Parr Jason Lee as Buddy Pine/Incrediboy/Syndrome Samuel L. Back in the jungle. and Syndrome is killed when his cape gets caught in one of his jet's engines. Jackson as Lucius Best/Frozone Elizabeth Peña as Mirage Brad Bird as Edna Mode Bud Luckey as Rick Dicker Wallace Shawn as Gilbert Huph John Ratzenberger as The Underminer Dominique Louis as Bomb voyage Eli Fucile as Kari. but after the studio shut down its division for fully animated theatrical features. where he reunited with John Lasseter. He stated. When the Parrs arrive. Brad Bird's inspiration Brad Bird was inspired by his own life while writing and directing the film. 190 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Craig T. a new villain called the Underminer appears and the Incredibles prepare to fight him. which demanded more of his time. Nelson as Bob Parr/Mr. Bird took the story with him to Pixar. after Dash races with his school track team and Violet makes a date with a boy she likes. His situation during that time was similar to that of Bob Parr after the superhero ban: Bird wanted to follow his love of making films. In Metroville. He felt that he would completely fail at one if he focused too much on the other. But I think that what was going on in my life definitely filtered into the movie.''The Incredibles'' after a confrontation in which Syndrome refused to save her life. While this was happening. but they escape and follow him in a second rocket with help from Mirage. It is the first full-length Pixar film whose main protagonist is human. Syndrome uses a remote-control device to prevent Omnidroid from harming him. Bird was also trying to focus on his new family. Bob and Helen save Jack-Jack after Syndrome drops him in midair. Incredible Holly Hunter as Helen Parr/Elastigirl/Mrs. and when Syndrome wakes up and tries to kidnap Jack-Jack."[2] .. but each film would fall by the wayside at some point during its development. they and Frozone defeat the robot. Bob and Helen find the children. Three months later. the babysitter Production The film was originally developed as a traditionally animated film for Warner Bros. this was just a funny movie about superheroes.

Creating an all-human cast required creating new technology to animate detailed human anatomy. that's a lot of work. we build a set – say. clothing and realistic skin and hair.''The Incredibles'' 191 Challenges during production Upon Disney accepting the project. then I want this shot."[3] In a 2009 interview. Brad Bird recalls. Bird's story was filled with elements that were difficult to animate with CGI at the time.[4] John Barry was the first choice to do the film's score. Long hair had never been done by Pixar until this point. The scope of The Incredibles was so big: for example. Andy's room in Toy Story – and we get a camera. check out all the angles with the characters on the bed. though Pixar executive John Lasseter vetoed this. and shots come and go. we actually 'location-scout' it. many 2D artists had to make the shift to 3D.' … There was a reason for it. frightened a lot of people with how many presents I wanted for Christmas. and we take that back and start building a layout based on that. As a result. Brad Bird was asked to bring in his own team for the production. including Brad Bird himself. 'This is the exact shot I want. and then got almost everything I asked for.[5] the assignment was instead given to Michael Giacchino. It was planned to be 15 minutes longer than anything else Pixar had created. Monsters Inc had 31 sets. or whatever. Whereas Bird is like. feeling a live action film would be preferable. Up producer Jonas Rivera discussed how Bird's approach to filmmaking differed from the process previously used by Pixar: We almost treat it like a live action movie. Brad Bird wrote the script without knowing the limitations or concerns that went hand in hand with the medium of computer animation. and then this shot. I came into a wonderful studio. and I don't want to see one pixel over to the right. However Barry did not wish to duplicate the sound of some of his earlier soundtracks. this was to be the most complex film for Pixar yet. Brad was willing to sacrifice flexibility for scope.[6] . "Basically. Disney was initially reluctant to make the film because of these issues. He brought up a core group of people he worked with on The Iron Giant. Because of this. with a trailer of the film given a rerecording of Barry's theme to On Her Majesty's Secret Service. The Incredibles had 89.

" noted that "The Incredibles announces the studio's arrival in the vast yet overcrowded Hollywood lot of eardrum-bashing. The film was also #1 in its second weekend. Jessica Winter of the Village Voice criticized the film for playing as a standard summer action film."[10] Rolling Stone gave the movie 3 1⁄2 stars and called the movie "one of the year's best" and said that it "doesn't ring cartoonish. writing that the film "alternates breakneck action with satire of suburban sitcom life" and is "another example of Pixar's mastery of popular animation.[18] The film was also the second-highest grossing animated film that year behind Shrek 2. He was #64 in Wizard's top 100 villains.012."[13] Similarly. you just wish they were doing something else.600 screens at 3.164) and the fifth-highest grossing film of 2004.[8] Metacritic indicates The Incredibles "universal acclaim" with a 90 out of 100 rating. It had its network television premiere on Thanksgiving Day 2007 on NBC sponsored by Target and its basic cable premiere on ABC Family as part of The 25 Days of Christmas in December 2007.744). and ranked fourth for the year. the highest opening weekend for a non sequel animated feature (the record was broken in 2007 by The Simpsons Movie with $74 million).[16] the film grossed $70. writing "Of all the Pixar miracles studded through the decade. entertaining story and a truckload of savvy comic touches. child neglect.342. the fourth-highest gross for a Pixar film behind Toy Story 3 ($406. titled as "Full Metal Racket. Makers of the 2005 film Fantastic Four were forced to make significant script changes and add more special effects because of similarities to the storyline of The Incredibles. Finding Nemo ($867. The film ultimately grossed $261.[9] Critic Roger Ebert awarded the film 3 1⁄2 stars out of four.251. metal-crunching action sludge.004.359. It's not every toon that deals with midlife crisis.342).467.040. People magazine found that The Incredibles "boasts a strong.442.342).978) and Up ($731. Finding Nemo ($339.441. the antagonist of the movie was well received."[11] Also giving the film 3 1⁄2 stars.189).[17] Worldwide. "the Pixar whizzes do what they do excellently.917 per theater or $9. the highest opening weekend gross for a Pixar film (the record was later broken in 2010 by Toy Story 3 with $110. despite being released in early November. The Incredibles still delights me the most.092. marital dysfunction. also the fourth-highest gross for a Pixar film behind Toy Story 3 ($1.933 theaters."[15] Box office performance Despite concerns that the film would receive underwhelming results.440. receiving a 97% "Certified Fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes[7] which made the movie the fifteenth greatest action film of all time and the only one of Top 20 with more than 100 reviews.''The Incredibles'' 192 Reception Critics The Incredibles received near-universal critical acclaim. concluding. dropping just 29 percent.623 in its opening weekend from 7. impotence fears.[14] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone named The Incredibles #6 on his list of the best films of the decade. averaging $17. fashion faux pas and existential angst. it rings true. and its second cable showing on .978) and Up ($293. Her review. and easily outgrossing new animated opener The Polar Express.714. the film grossed $631.092. grossing another $50.307. and the highest opening weekend for a non-franchise-based film for just over five years when Avatar opened." Syndrome.272 per screen."[12] Eleanor Ringel Gillespie of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution was bored by the film's recurring pastiches of earlier action films.893.

William Arnold. a Pixar short film made especially for the release of The Incredibles about what happened while Kari was babysitting Jack-Jack. Scott. another longer documentary also about making The Incredibles.Lisa Schwarzbaum. Los Angeles Times 2nd . Philadelphia Inquirer top 10 . and it was nominated for the 2004 Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy.com (tied with The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie) 8th .Desson Thomson. or scenes included for intentional humor.Lou Lumenick. Entertainment Weekly • Home video The Incredibles two-disc Collector's Edition DVD set was released on March 15. Austin Chronicle 7th . it was the highest-selling DVD of 2005.A. with 17. USA Today • • • • • • • • • • • 5th . 2005. The Incredibles outtakes due to glitches in animation programming. This was also the first Pixar film to be given a PG rating.Ken Tucker. • The Making of The Incredibles.Peter Travers.All critics. Slate 5th . Premiere 5th .[21] DVD extras and Easter eggs Like many other DVD releases. The film is scheduled to be released on Blu-ray in North America on April 12.David Edelstein. It was Pixar's first feature film to win multiple Oscars. • Deleted Scenes. 193 Awards The film won the Academy Award in 2004 for Best Animated Feature as well as Best Achievement in Sound Editing.Michael WIlmington. Entertainment Weekly 3rd . Baltimore Sun 7th . LA Weekly top 10 . Film Threat 3rd . Seattle Post-Intelligencer 3rd .Glenn Kenny.Jack Mathews. Salon. Baltimore Sun 2nd . followed in 2010 by Up. there are various extra features available on the two discs including: • Introduction. The Oregonian top 10 . • More Making of The Incredibles. Long Form. 2011. . LA Weekly top 10 .Stephanie Zacharek.Owen Gleiberman.Shawn Levy.Steven Rea.Chris Kaltenbach.''The Incredibles'' Disney Channel as part of the No Ordinary Friday on February 1.Marc Savlov. Austin Chronicle 5th .Joe Morgenstern. the film's deleted scenes plus an intro for all but one of them. a documentary about making The Incredibles featuring about 30 of the crew members.18 million copies sold. New York Magazine 2nd .Kenneth Turan.Ella Taylor. an introduction for the extras featuring Brad Bird. New York Daily News 4th . It also received nominations for Best Original Screenplay (for writer/director Brad Bird) and Best Achievement in Sound.Mike Clark.James Berardinelli.Michael Sragow. The other one is only accessible as an Easter egg. The film also received the 2004 Annie Award for Best Animated Feature and the 2005 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation.Kimberley Jones. New York Post 4th . 2008. New York Times 10th .Ron Stringer. Rolling Stone 5th .[20] • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1st . Chicago Tribune 9th . ReelViews (tied with The Polar Express) top 10 .O. These and other awards place it among the most-honored animation films in recent history. • Jack-Jack Attack.[19] Top ten lists The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2004. According to the Internet Movie Database. Washington Post 3rd . The Wall Street Journal 2nd . • Incredi-Blunders.

Incredible. who has a character named Elasti-Girl (a member of the Doom Patrol). • Boundin'. a writer who did the voice of Violet Parr • Character Interviews. it was announced that a series of comic books based on The Incredibles would be published by BOOM! Studios in collaboration with Disney Publishing by the end of the year. • Boundin With Commentary. Landry Walker. Incredible cartoon spoofing cheesy superhero cartoons from the 1960s. there were also promotional tie-ins with SBC Communications (using Dash to promote the "blazing-fast speed" of its SBC Yahoo! DSL service) and McDonald's. as well as Synchro-Vox cartoons like Clutch Cargo. The DC Comics character is able to grow and shrink at will from microscopic size to thousands of feet tall. Comics In July 2008. 194 Merchandising Several companies released promotional products related to the movie. One of the eggs on the first Index menu is a short sockpuppet version of the movie. actor and actresses interview the characters • Theatrical Trailers. directed. although the line was not as successful as the film itself. The Incredibles: City of Incredibles. Some of the other menus have more than one Easter egg movie. all proclaiming an "Incrediberry Blast" of flavor. In all merchandising outside of the film itself. by Waid. including television adverts starring characters from the film. In Belgium.[22] the one on the main menu shows every door. The film was also released on UMD for the Sony PSP and in a limited edition VHS version. In Europe. Boundin' with commentary by Bud Luckey. Kinder chocolate eggs contained small plastic toy characters from the film. • NSA Files. car manufacturer Opel sold special The Incredibles editions of their cars. Toy maker Hasbro produced a series of action figures and toys based on the film. info about the supers. • Mr. which was published from March to June 2009. This is due to a licensing agreement between Disney·Pixar and DC Comics. a Pixar short film written. as well as promotional Pop Tarts and fruit snacks. and collected into a trade paperback published in July of that year. Incredible and Pals. The next miniseries. which one plays appears to be a random choice. and was the last Disney·Pixar film to be issued in the VHS format. The Incredibles film trailers. the cartoon with the characters' commentary. • Who Is Bud Luckey? a four-minute documentary about the making of Boundin'. . Incredible and Pals With Commentary. in the weeks before the movie's opening. • Mr. button and explosion in the movie. and artists Marcio Takara and Ramanda Kamarga. a Mr. In the United Kingdom. production designed and narrated by Bud Luckey. Telewest promoted blueyonder internet services with branding from the film. Dark Horse Comics released a limited series of comic books based on the movie. There are also several Easter eggs in the menus. composed. All future Disney·Pixar titles beginning with Cars would only be released on DVD and Blu-ray.[23] The first two miniseries by BOOM! were The Incredibles: Family Matters by Mark Waid and Marcio Takara. was published later that same year. Elastigirl is referred to as Mrs. Furthermore.''The Incredibles'' • Vowellet: An Essay by Sarah Vowell. a documentary about the life of Sarah Vowell. Kellogg's released an Incredibles-themed cereal.

rottentomatoes. (2007) To Infinity and Beyond!: The Story of Pixar Animation Studios. Karen. "Interview: Pixar's Pete Docter and Jonas Rivera" (http:/ / www. blogspot. [20] "Metacritic: 2004 Film Critic Top Ten Lists" (http:/ / web. When Disney acquired Pixar in 2006. [14243. the sequel focuses on Mr. 2010. org/ web/ 20080327002309/ http:/ / www.62320. shtml) on 2008-03-27. Nintendo DS. Ribera (2011-01-07). "SCOOP: Stretching the end of FANTASTIC FOUR" (http:/ / www. ign. was released for PlayStation 2. suntimes. Game Boy Advance. boxofficemojo. shtml). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [21] J. Radio Times. several key scenes are altered from the original script. moviemusic. Mac OS X. com/ movie/ the-incredibles) [10] Roger Ebert (5 November 2004). accessatlanta. Trailers. . Retrieved 2011-01-24. . Award Annals. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?view2=worldwide& yr=2004& p=. Chronicle Books LLC. Chicago Sun-Times. html [7] The Incredibles . . Paik. pg. 2 are slated for release in 2011 and 2012 respectively. Inc. metacritic. The Incredibles: Rise of the Underminer. Box Office Mojo. [11] Travers. "Disney/PIXAR's The Incredibles Blu-ray Coming April 12" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ ?id=5716). com/ apps/ pbcs.''The Incredibles'' 195 Video game A video game based on the film was released for the PlayStation 2.com . Game Boy Advance. (Currently Cars 2 and Monsters. archive. Paik. . "The Incredibles" (http:/ / rogerebert. C. dll/ article?AID=/ 20041104/ REVIEWS/ 41006004/ 1023). "I have pieces that I think are good. Rolling Stone.) [24] Director Brad Bird stated in 2007 that he's open to the idea of an Incredibles 2 if he comes up with an idea superior to the original film. Xbox. mania. Retrieved 2007-09-16. boxofficemojo. Retrieved May 1. Retrieved 2009-12-02. Disney announced plans to make sequels for The Incredibles and Finding Nemo without Pixar involvement. and Windows.Movie Reviews. php) [9] The Incredibles at metacrtic. Taking place immediately after the movie.Studio Briefing . htm). Apple Macintosh. Possible sequel In 2004.62492 (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. Incredible and Frozone as they do battle with the megalomaniacal mole. pg. com/ articles/ 563/ 563642p1. 2007-09-16. Leah (2004-11-15).com (http:/ / www. A second game. Karen. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=2004& p=. Retrieved 2008-07-25. com/ top/ bestofrt_genre. A third game. com/ blogs/ 759-andrew-collins-pixar-up-pete-docter-jonas-rivera/ ).kw=) "The Incredibles (2004)"]. html). People. Blu-Ray. htm) [18] 2004 Yearly Box Office Results (http:/ / www.com. com/ 2008/ 07/ pixar-comic-books-coming. . BBC Magazines." Brad said. com/ movies/ content/ shared/ movies/ reviews/ I/ theincredibles. when Disney owned sequel rights. metacritic. Metacritic. Pictures . .com (http:/ / eeggs. [15] [14243. Those plans were subsequently scrapped. (962):100 [12] Rozen. blu-ray. com/ scoop-stretching-end-fantastic-four_article_43221. Peter (2004-11-25). The Underminer. rollingstone. GameCube. [16] Movie & TV News @ IMDb. 236-37. Xbox. The Incredibles: When Danger Calls. [25] References "The Incredibles (2004)" (http:/ / www. . html) for more information about the Easter Eggs on these DVDs [23] "The Pixar Blog: Pixar comic books coming" (http:/ / pixarblog. com/ tree/ 9606. 62 (20):31 [13] The Incredibles | AccessAtlanta (http:/ / www. [22] See eegs. was released for Windows and Mac OS X. "The Incredibles". html) [14] Patrick Sauriol (2004-12-24). [1] [2] [3] [4] . com/ news/ sb/ 2004-11-04#film6) [17] 2004 Yearly Box Office Results (http:/ / www. com/ wiki/ Honor_roll:Animation_films). music. (2007) To Infinity and Beyond!: The Story of Pixar Animation Studios.62320. awardannals. Though based on the movie.62492]. com/ mb/ Forum1/ HTML/ 013243. com/ film/ awards/ 2004/ toptens. It is a collection of 10 games and activities for the playable characters to perform.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www. PC. com/ m/ incredibles/ ?critic=columns) [8] ROTTEN TOMATOES: ROTTEN TOMATOES: Top Movies: Golden Globes (http:/ / www.4 November 2004 (http:/ / imdb. html [6] http:/ / au. the expectation was that Pixar would create more sequels and bankable franchises. "The Incredibles". rottentomatoes. com/ movies/ lists/ . metacritic. 238-51 Collins. Chronicle Books LLC. Retrieved 2009-02-05. Nintendo GameCube. htm) [19] "Honor roll: Animation films" (http:/ / www. . but I don't have them all together. [5] http:/ / www. com/ film/ awards/ 2004/ toptens. html). and mobiles. Retrieved 2008-04-22. Andrew (2009-10-05). radiotimes. com/ movies/ ?id=incredibles.

bcdb.metacritic.theincredibles. 2 Kill Bill: Vol.imdb.com/m/incredibles/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Incredibles (http://www.com/work/287450) at Allmovie The Incredibles (http://www. com/ business/ la-fi-ct-toystory-20100617. 196 External links • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. story).boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2010-06-17.com/bcdb/cartoon.cgi?film=33816/) at the Big Cartoon DataBase The Incredibles (http://www. comingsoon. [25] "Bird on Toy Story 3 and Incredibles 2" (http:/ / www. Los Angeles Times. .htm) at Box Office Mojo Kill Bill Vol. 2007-06-22. 2010-06-17.com/film/titles/incredibles) at Metacritic The Incredibles (http://www.com/) The Incredibles (http://www.rottentomatoes. net/ news/ movienews. 1 Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Quentin Tarantino Uma Thurman Lucy Liu Vivica A. latimes.com/title/tt0317705/) at the Internet Movie Database The Incredibles (http://www.''The Incredibles'' [24] "Pixar Shows Increasing Reliance on Sequels" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-06-22. php?id=21218).allmovie.2854793. Fox Daryl Hannah David Carradine Michael Madsen Julie Dreyfus The RZA Robert Richardson Sally Menke Music by Cinematography Editing by . 1 Teaser poster for Vol.0. .com/movies/?id=incredibles.

2003 111 minutes United States Japan English Japanese French US$30 million [1] [1] 197 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue US$180.949. Miramax Films October 10.''Kill Bill Vol. 2 Followed by Kill Bill: Vol.045 [1] (worldwide) Kill Bill: Vol. 2 Theatrical poster for Vol. Fox Michael Madsen Daryl Hannah Gordon Liu Robert Rodriguez The RZA Robert Richardson Music by Cinematography .G. 2'' Studio A Band Apart Super Cool ManChu Production I. 2 Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Quentin Tarantino Uma Thurman David Carradine Lucy Liu Vivica A.

2'' Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Sally Menke A Band Apart Miramax Films April 16. as is common among Tarantino's films. The film is an epic-length revenge drama. right before he shoots her in the head. presented in a nonlinear narrative style. but the two women agree to cease the hostilities when Vernita's four-year-old daughter Nikki arrives home from school. on the floor. and [3] [4] aestheticization of violence. . Texas. The Bride's voice-over reveals that she and Vernita were acquainted four years ago as members of the Deadly Vipers Assassination Squad (DVAS). The Bride barely manages to tell him “It’s your baby”. 1 Preceded by Kill Bill is a two-part action thriller film released in 2003 and 2004 by writer-director Quentin Tarantino. exploitation films and Italian spaghetti westerns. The Bride arrives at the home of Vernita Green (Vivica A. The Bride leaves and strikes Vernita's name (the second name listed) off of her "Death List Five" — a list of five individuals whom she intends to kill in revenge for what they did to her four years ago. The unseen Bill (David Carradine) speaks to her about how he takes no pleasure in killing her and draws his gun. Plot Kill Bill is one story. beaten. 2004 136 minutes United States English Cantonese Mandarin US$30 million [2] [2] 198 Budget Gross revenue US$152. Japanese Chanbara films. it was released in two "volumes" (in late 2003 and early 2004) due to its running time of approximately four hours. However. In the next scene. The Bride is unmoved. Nikki.159.''Kill Bill Vol. and Mexico. she unapologetically informs her that her mother deserved what happened and offers her a chance for revenge should she seek it as an adult. with homages to earlier film genres. an extensive use of popular music and pop culture references.461 [2] (worldwide) Kill Bill: Vol. and The Bride is dismayed that Nikki witnessed her mother being killed. and gasping for breath. a squad of elite assassins under the employ of Bill. divided into two volumes with five chapters each. meaning that the events are not all presented in chronological order. Fox). Beijing. They arrange to continue their fight later that evening. and starring Uma Thurman as The Bride. This synopsis follows the narrative structure of the film. The Bride dodges the bullet and kills Vernita. Originally conceived as one film. Vernita attempts to kill her with a gun hidden inside a cereal box. insisting that the two have “unfinished business”. Taking Vernita by surprise. Filming took place in California. Vernita (codename "Copperhead") has since retired to a new life as a housewife and attempts to apologize for what she had done to The Bride (codename "Black Mamba") four years ago. Volume 1 The film opens with a shot of The Bride (Uma Thurman). The Bride engages her in a vicious fight. such as Hong Kong martial arts films. walks into the room. Vernita displays fighting prowess as the two end up in a knife fight. Hong Kong. covered in blood. but before The Bride can depart. Tokyo.

the one-eyed Elle Driver (Daryl Hannah) (codename "California Mountain Snake"). arrive. The film then continues from the the conclusion of the previous volume. as her identity cannot be determined.''Kill Bill Vol. and The Bride engages them in a lengthy fight. living in a trailer and working as a disrespected bouncer at a local strip club. ending the film with a cliffhanger. where she confronts O-Ren at a night club called the "House of Blue Leaves". The Bride then travels to Tokyo. seals her inside a coffin and buries her alive. In China. with Bill performing the coup de grâce on The Bride depicted in the opening scene. but he then decides to forge his finest sword for her when he learns that she intends to wreak revenge on his former student: Bill. shooting her in the chest with a shotgun loaded with rock salt and then injecting her with a sedative. 199 Volume 2 The second volume begins with a depiction of the events leading up to the wedding chapel massacre. Budd calls Elle and offers to sell her The Bride's Hanzō sword for $1 million. She then duels O-Ren. determining her first target. dressed as a nurse. Through the ensuing conversation it transpires that The Bride has decided to retire from assassination (as well as leave Bill. Texas Ranger Earl McGraw (Michael Parks) and his son. she is interrupted by a phone call from Bill. The Bride suddenly awakens from her coma. which at first he refuses. leading her to assume that her baby is dead. She is transferred to the hospital as a Jane Doe. 17-year-old sadist Gogo Yubari (Chiaki Kuriyama). Eventually. The Bride keeps Sofie alive. another former Deadly Viper (codename "Sidewinder"). the pregnant Bride was attacked by the DVAS during her wedding at a small chapel. Texas. and eventually kills her. her former lover). much to The Bride’s surprise. She escapes from the hospital and swears revenge against the DVAS. The Bride is at her wedding rehearsal. in the city of El Paso. and in that time The Bride trains for her confrontation with each member of the DVAS. In the aftermath. At the last second. enters the hospital and prepares to administer a lethal injection. including her personal bodyguard. Bill visits Sofie. but Budd preempts her attack. another member of the DVAS. Bill takes her to the temple of the legendary and ruthless martial arts master Pai Mei (Gordon Liu). in order to settle down with her as-yet unborn daughter and soon-to-be husband. to be the easiest to locate. where they killed all in attendance. the Deadly Vipers enter the chapel (at the behest of Bill). Four years after the attack. Bill explains that Pai Mei mastered the legendary "Five Point Palm Exploding Heart Technique". The Bride arrives at Budd's trailer. The Bride travels to Okinawa to obtain a sword from Hattori Hanzō (Sonny Chiba). who tearfully informs him that The Bride now knows the names and locations of the remaining DVAS and is setting out to kill them (as seen at the beginning of the film with Vernita Green). O-Ren's army of henchmen. Budd has put his assassin days behind him. opening fire on those assembled inside. After regaining full control of her atrophied limbs. finding herself in a hospital ward. killing or seriously wounding all of them. Bill then asks Sofie if The Bride is aware that her daughter is still alive. After being admitted. She asks Hanzō to grant her a sword. as he is third on her death list. they arrange to meet at Budd’s trailer the next morning. She is horrified to discover that she is no longer pregnant. along with her groom-to-be (Chris Nelson) and their guests. She then kills all of O-Ren’s immediate guards. O-Ren Ishii (Lucy Liu) (codename "Cottonmouth") who has since become the leader of the Tokyo underworld. He then takes The Bride to a cemetery. but are amazed to discover that she is still alive. Bill arrives at the chapel. examine The Bride. extracting the whereabouts of the rest of the DVAS from her by cutting off her other arm and dumps her off at a hospital. who orders her to abort the mission. the Crazy 88. 2'' It is revealed that four years earlier. a protege of Bill's who was also present at the wedding chapel massacre. The Bride first severs the arm of O-Ren's best friend. Sofie Fatale (Julie Dreyfus). wherein he strikes five pressure points on the victim's . It takes a month for Hanzō to forge the sword. that The Bride is coming to kill him. Bill travels to warn his estranged brother Budd (Michael Madsen). a renowned swordsmith who has retired to the life of a sushi chef and sworn never to forge another "instrument of death". The film then flashes back to The Bride’s early days as Bill's protege and lover. albeit comatose. Edgar (James Parks). stating her extreme dislike for the unconscious Bride. After Bill gives The Bride away to her husband-to-be.

there is an outtake of Uma Thurman attacking one of the Crazy 88's from Volume 1. She later becomes a homemaker living under a false name. A brief fight results in Beatrix disabling Bill with the Five Point Palm Exploding Heart Technique (secretly taught to her by Pai Mei). The family spend the evening together peacefully with Bill making sandwiches and Beatrix watching a video in bed with her daughter.B. Bill. in a hotel room. she regrets that a loser like Budd was the one to kill her. Beatrix departs with B.B. Beatrix explains that she ran away without telling Bill in order to protect her unborn daughter from the dangers she would have faced being associated with him in their line of work. Beatrix is in a state of heightened emotion. watches cartoons in the next room. The Bride’s real name – Beatrix Kiddo – is finally revealed. not even Bill himself. Though Bill now understands. and the film ends with a shot of the mother and daughter together. she embarks on a deadly trail of revenge against the perpetrators of the massacre. and leaves Elle completely blind and writhing and screaming hysterically in the trailer with the black mamba. Beatrix plucks out Elle’s remaining eye. Here she is shocked to find B. shares a tender farewell with Beatrix before rising to his feet and walking across the lawn. • Michael Madsen as Budd (“Sidewinder”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad and brother of Bill. Though The Bride is intrigued. and in retribution. (Perla Haney-Jardine). He is the final of Beatrix’s revenge targets. leaving them with only five footsteps to take before their heart explodes in their chest. a black mamba hidden amongst the money bites him repeatedly. as Elle explains to him that she hated The Bride. Elle reveals to the inquiring Beatrix that her missing eye was plucked out by Pai Mei after she insulted him during her training. When she awakens four years later. and a furious fight ensues.B. Bill shoots Beatrix with a dart containing a strong truth serum and he begins to question her about why she left him. and falls into a coma. she is attacked by Beatrix. 2'' body. killing them. After finding Bill’s location. Fox as Vernita Green (“Copperhead”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad. She is the second of Beatrix’s revenge targets. Elle receives a call from Bill. Bill informs her that Pai Mei teaches no one the technique. In a post-credits scene. and she tells him that The Bride killed Budd with a black mamba. At this point. as Elle arrives at Budd’s trailer for their transaction.''Kill Bill Vol. She is the first of Beatrix’s revenge targets. her ultimate fate unknown. but respected her as her rival and the greatest warrior she has ever known. He is also the former lover of Beatrix and the father of her daughter. • David Carradine as Bill (“Snake Charmer”): The former leader of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad. In the present. in her arms. dead. The venom kills him in a matter of minutes. The next day. Elle brings with her a suitcase containing the $1 million for the sword. he remains unapologetic for what he did and Beatrix reiterates that they have "unfinished business". 200 Cast • Uma Thurman as The Bride / Beatrix Kiddo (“Black Mamba”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad and described as "the deadliest woman in the world". The Bride recalls her training with Pai Mei to break out of the buried coffin and dig her way to the surface. Bill draws his sword to attack Beatrix. is asleep. The Bride watches unnoticed from a nearby hilltop. She later becomes “queen of the Tokyo underworld”. her four-year old daughter. Angered. She is targeted by her former allies in the wedding chapel massacre. after five steps. • Vivica A.B. Beatrix then disappeared. • Lucy Liu as O-Ren Ishii (“Cottonmouth”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad. He is the third of Beatrix’s revenge targets. defeated. and her target had sent an assassin of her own to kill Beatrix. while B. Once B. Beatrix joins her daughter. Now trapped in the coffin in the present. when Budd opens the suitcase. A short flashback recalls that the moment Beatrix found out that she was pregnant. Bill leaves her with Pai Mei and though he expresses immediate dislike for her. she was on an assignment. As Elle goes to leave Budd’s trailer. He later becomes a bouncer living in a trailer. The next morning. . Beatrix managed to convince the assassin not to kill her due to her pregnancy and they agree to part ways. falling to the ground. she killed him by poisoning him. over a period of brutal training she eventually wins his respect. Beatrix infiltrates Bill’s home. However. alive and well.

• Michael Parks as Esteban Vihaio: A retired pimp. • Bo Svenson as Reverend Harmony: The minister who was to officiate at Beatrix and Tommy’s wedding.B.: The daughter of Beatrix and Bill. . Vernita's 6-year-old daughter. Moore. • Sonny Chiba as Hattori Hanzo: Revered as the greatest swordsmith of all time. claims that his film's Hanzō is one of those descendants. He has apparently been selling sexual access to her body while she was comatose. • Perla Haney-Jardine as B. as well as his descendants in later seasons. Beatrix's best friends who are present at the wedding rehearsal. • Lawrence Bender (uncredited) as Hotel clerk Influences The overall storyline of Kill Bill — a woman seeks revenge on a group of people. Beatrix. in Vol. • Samuel L. Beatrix comes to him asking for Bill’s whereabouts. The film also references Samurai Reincarnation (1981) by quoting its iconic line "If you encounter God. Michael Bowen as Buck: An orderly at the hospital in which Beatrix passes her coma. the Crazy 88. Jun Kunimura as Boss Tanaka: A Yakuza who is disgruntled when O-Ren assumes power. He is also a policeman. Volume 1 • • • • • • • • Ambrosia Kelley as Nikki Green. Koike also wrote Lone Wolf and Cub (see below). • Chris Nelson as Tommy Plympton: Beatrix’s fiancé who is killed in the wedding chapel massacre. • Helen Kim as Karen: An assassin sent to kill Beatrix. Tarantino. a 1973 Japanese film in which a woman kills off the gang who murdered her family. 1". Shana Stein. he agrees to craft a sword for Beatrix. and Elle all train under him. 1 special features. Her attack comes moments after Beatrix learns that she is pregnant. Bill. She is also a former protégé of Bill’s. and Caitlin Keats as Joleen. Chiaki Kuriyama as Gogo Yubari: A sadistic 17-year-old who is O-Ren’s personal bodyguard. She is the fourth of Beatrix’s revenge targets. an employee at the strip club at which Budd works. • Julie Dreyfus as Sofie Fatale: O-Ren's best friend and second lieutenant. She is raised by her father while her mother is comatose. in which Sonny Chiba portrayed a fictionalized version of Hattori Hanzō.''Kill Bill Vol. 2'' • Daryl Hannah as Elle Driver (“California Mountain Snake”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad. and was present at the wedding chapel massacre. and Janeen. Although long retired. Michael Parks as Earl McGraw: A policeman who investigates the wedding chapel massacre. God will be cut". • Sid Haig as Jay. Jackson as Rufus: The pianist who was to perform at Beatrix and Tommy’s wedding. 201 Volume 2 • Stephanie L. The character is also a reference to the Japanese television show Kage no Gundan (Shadow Warriors in America). Erica. Sakichi Satô as Charlie Brown. The Guardian commented that Lady Snowblood was "practically a template for the whole of Kill Bill Vol. He was the first of Bill’s “father figures”. Gordon Liu as Johnny Mo: Head general of O-Ren’s personal army.[5] Lady Snowblood was adapted from the manga of the same name written by Kazuo Koike and illustrated by Kazuo Kamimura. James Parks as Edgar McGraw: The son of Earl McGraw. crossing them off a list one by one as she kills them — is adapted from Lady Snowblood. • Gordon Liu as Pai Mei: An immensely powerful and extremely old martial arts master. • Larry Bishop as Larry Gomez: The abusive manager of the strip club at which Budd works. Hattori Hanzō is modelled on legendary sword maker Muramasa. an employee at the House of Blue Leaves who wears a shirt similar to the Peanuts character.

Shogun Assassin. 1.": Charles Bronson.[7] The Japanese Lone Wolf and Cub series of manga and films are echoed in the characters of The Bride and her daughter. Chang Cheh. is given an obvious nod by the inclusion of the Shaw Scope logo at the beginning of Kill Bill Vol. the film differs from multi-part "franchise" series like Star Wars. under the title "R.S.[10] [11] Both volumes did well at the box office. Lucio Fulci.en grym film. 202 Reception After a six-year hiatus of Tarantino films. while most of the dialogue and plot are conveyed in the second.[14] The two-volume format also amplified what some saw as a structural problem with the film: most of the action occurs in the first half. Of Volume 2. let alone conclude the same storyline. has been criticized as an attempt by Miramax to sell two tickets to one movie. Daryl Hannah has claimed that the more slapstick elements of Elle's brawl with Beatrix were inspired by Jackass: The Movie. The dual-release strategy. like some other critics. The films also contains a number of references to specific American and European films. each volume receiving a score of 85% on Rotten Tomatoes.I. The short duration between the releases of the two volumes. preferred Volume 2. Thus.506. and the history of its development all strongly imply that Kill Bill be regarded as one movie (for example. which Tarantino watched during the filming of Kill Bill. A movie in two volumes Though released as two parts. for a combined gross of $333. released in the U. 2 with $152. 1 grossed $180. Kinji Fukasaku. blaxploitation.045 worldwide. 1 are credited at the end of Vol. leaving some viewers enamored of one volume but disappointed by the other. style. such as "Pussy Wagon" (taken from lyrics in the film Grease). disinteresting counterpart is so drastic and extreme that you can hardly believe they come from the same director. The Americanized compilation version of this series. Sean O’Connell of Filmcritic. Reaction by film critics was very positive."[15] Church in Mojave Desert near Lancaster.949. followed by Kill Bill Vol.[6] One influential exploitation film that Tarantino has mentioned in interviews is the Swedish Thriller . California used as a filming location . Sergio Leone. 2'' Kill Bill pays tribute to film genres including the spaghetti western. and Lee Van Cleef.159. the film's internal structure. This last genre. the two volumes are noticeably different in style and tone. which was largely produced by the Shaw Brothers. Chinese wuxia. as They Call Her One Eye.[12] [13] Kill Bill Vol. "The drop-off in energy."[14] Jeffery M.108. the cast of Vol.''Kill Bill Vol.com writes. Shintaro Katsu.[8] [9] The closing credits to both films included a short list of deceased directors.P.461 worldwide. writers and actors. 2). Lo Lieh. and kung fu movies of the 1960s and 1970s. is actually viewed by the two characters. William Witney. Japanese samurai cinema. and coherence from Volume 1 to its bloated. ostensibly due to the film's length. Tarantino recommended that actress Daryl Hannah watch the film to prepare for her role as the one-eyed killer Elle Driver. Sergio Corbucci. Anderson of Combustible Celluloid. writing "…Characters actually talk to one another here rather than the stilted samurai movie-speak of the first volume. Japanese yakuza films. Kill Bill was much anticipated by fans and critics and generated a tremendous amount of discussion.

and the fight between The Bride and Elle Driver in Kill Bill Volume 2 also won Best Fight. and an effectively exciting soundtrack. and transcending it. Uma Thurman was also nominated in 2004 for a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her work in 'Kill Bill: Volume 1. Music As with Tarantino's previous films.[17] 203 Violence Much criticism concerned the amount and presentation of bloodshed and general mayhem. Bernard Herrmann's theme from the film Twisted Nerve is whistled by the menacing Elle Driver in the hospital scene. and after the success of Kill Bill they were frequently used in American TV commercials and at sporting events. often-clever dialogue. especially in the first volume.[19] However.[21] Instrumental tracks from Japanese guitarist Tomoyasu Hotei figure prominently..[18] [20] Accolades Each part was nominated at the Golden Globe Awards. Uma Thurman received a Best Actress in a Motion Picture Drama nomination in 2004 and 2005 for her work in Volume 1 and Volume 2. a typical Mexican song performed by "Chingon".' The film was nominated for 5 BAFTAs at the 2004 BAFTA awards ceremony. This is all one film. Kill Bill features an eclectic soundtrack comprising many musical genres..6. The end credits are driven by the rock and roll version of "Malagueña Salerosa".''Kill Bill Vol. both volumes of the film received positive reviews. which flares up with a red-tinged flashback whenever she's in the company of her next target. One critic referred to Volume 1 as a "cocktail party in an abattoir". Thurman was nominated for best female performance. At the 2005 MTV Movie Awards. and the fight between The Bride and Gogo Yubari won Best Fight. Kill Bill Volume 2 was nominated for Best Movie.[15] On the whole. and Tarantino has made a masterful saga that celebrates the martial arts genre while kidding it. As the Bride enters "The House of Blue Leaves". he placed the film on his twenty best films of the decade list. strong performances." The connection to Lady Snowblood is further established by the use of "The Flower of Carnage" the closing theme from that film. 15-second excerpt from the opening of the Ironside theme music by Quincy Jones is used as the Bride's revenge motif. The film was very popular at the MTV Movie Awards. with tightly edited action scenes. David Carradine received a Best Supporting Actor nomination in 2005 for his work as the mentor-like titular character in Kill Bill: Volume 2. it's greater than its two parts. Robert Rodriguez's band. other critics found it well-constructed. loving it. A brief. music ranges from country music to selections from the Spaghetti Western film scores of Ennio Morricone. Thurman also received the Saturn Award for Best Actress in 2003 for her work in Volume 1. and now that we see it whole. Thurman also thanked Chiaki Kuriyama during her acceptance speech. 2'' Roger Ebert celebrated the films. "You never forget that Kill Bill is an exercise in genre-sampling. .[18] Style and substance Much of the controversy over the film reflects the differing expectations of those who look primarily at a movie for its style and craftsmanship against those who look at story and substance. saying "[When you] put the two parts together. Thurman won Best Female performance for Volume 1. "I'm Blue" and "Woo Hoo. On the two soundtracks."[16] In 2009." writes the Chicago Tribune’s Mark Caro.7. At the 2004 MTV Movie Awards. Liu won Best Villain in Volume 1.8's perform "I Walk Like Jayne Mansfield".. go-go group The 5.

"[23] The United States does not have a DVD boxed set of Kill Bill. 2008 in the United States. and the other will be an origin starring The Bride. Volume 1 was released on DVD on April 13. Forthcoming Tarantino announced at the 2008 Provincetown International Film Festival that a single film version of Kill Bill with an extended animation sequence was to be released in May 2009. She'll raise Nikki. Upon the DVD release of Volume 2 in the US. 2009.[27] [28] On October 1. "Bennett Walsh said at the Shanghai International Film Festival. 2009. however. He confirmed that he wanted ten years to pass between the Bride's last conflict. no such release has been announced. Tarantino addressed the lack of a special edition DVD for Kill Bill by stating "I've been holding off because I've been working on it for so long that I just wanted a year off from Kill Bill and then I'll do the big supplementary DVD package. The article adds that the "fourth installment of the popular kung fu action films concerns a cycle of reprisals and daughters who avenge their mother's deaths". But I need at least fifteen years before I do this again.''Kill Bill Vol. at the Morelia International Film Festival.[26] Quentin Tarantino said at the 2006 Comic Con that. [29] and claiming "The Bride will fight again!" On October 3.com.[31] . 2004. details have emerged about Kill Bill Volumes 3 and 4. which he replied "Yes". and would be released in 2014. Best Buy did offer an exclusive box set slipcase to house the two individual releases together. that he is planning a sequel: “ Oh yeah. I've already got the whole mythology: Sofie Fatale will get all of Bill's money. I was going to do a new one every ten years. ” According to Bloody-Disgusting. to give her and her daughter a period of peace. Nikki deserves her revenge every bit as much as The Bride deserved hers. after the completion of Grindhouse. he wants to make two anime Kill Bill films.[25] As of January 2011. Tarantino addressed the hostess by claiming "You haven't asked me about the third one" then asking the woman to ask the question would he be making a third Kill Bill film. 2004 and Volume 2 on August 10. According to the article. The latter is most likely to be a prequel. it was revealed while being interviewed on an Italian TV show after being asked about the success of the two Kill Bill films. One will be an origin story about Bill and his mentors. though box sets of the two separate volumes are available in other countries. In a December 2005 interview. initially I was thinking this would be my "Dollars Trilogy". the third film involves the revenge of two killers whose arms and eyes were hacked by Uma Thurman in the first stories". Tarantino told Entertainment Weekly in April 2004. Tarantino announced that Kill Bill 3 would be his ninth film. Japan and the United Kingdom.[22] Home release In the United States.[30] He said he intends to make another unrelated film before that date as his eighth film. such as France. who'll take on The Bride. but could also follow the rumored (sequel) plot reported in Entertainment Weekly in April 2004.[24] Both films were released in High Definition on Blu-ray on September 9. 2'' 204 Releases Kill Bill: Volume 2 was screened out of competition at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival. I might even shoot a couple of scenes for it now so I can get the actresses while they're this age.

html). bloody-disgusting. geocities. The Guardian. A Film Review" (http:/ / www. htm. Box Office Mojo (http:/ / www. nsf/ mndwebpages/ tarantino brings kill bills together). Blake Wright on ComingSoon. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 4196889/ year/ 2004. Kill Bill Vol. 1 reviews (http:/ / www. . com/ new/ xmlfeed. 2009.com. 2" (http:/ / www. James (October 3. . 1'" (http:/ / metromix. "QUENTIN TARANTINO reveals almost everything that inspired KILL BILL". Accessed Sep 13. com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ m/ kill_bill_vol_2/ ). imdb. . org/ web/ 20050107033919/ http:/ / www.com. 2007. [2] http:/ / www. com/ lost-highway. combustiblecelluloid. geocities. [28] SDCC '06: Tarantino Confirms More Kill Bill! (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=killbill2. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 2 (2004)" (http:/ / www. soundtrack. htm. net/ news/ movienews.1186526. Retrieved August 7. boxofficemojo. . Retrieved 2007-06-11. com/ title/ tt0378194/ locations). DVD Talk. October 1. com/ provincetown_film_festival_2008/ index. 1 receipts (http:/ / imdb. IMDb. . com/ 2004/ killbill2. com/ new/ xmlfeed. Jeremiah. 2009). shtml). tarantino. 1" (http:/ / www. co.com. 2'' 205 References [1] http:/ / www. Kill Bill Vol. com/ movies/ ?id=killbill. [16] Roger Ebert (2004-04-16). com/ article/ VR1118009525. . archive. . July 22. festival-cannes. com/ ).com. Retrieved 2010–06–05. bloody-disgusting.net. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2010-10-10. [9] "The Annotated Kill Bill" (http:/ / web. [25] (http:/ / www. story?coll=mmx-movies_top_heds). com/ features/ best_dvd_packag. html). IMDb. [10] Rotten Tomatoes. 2006. chicagotribune. Retrieved 2008-07-28. com/ title/ tt0266697/ locations). Mark. com/ news/ 6841).com. com/ news/ 17583). com/ lost-highway. . com/ ebert/ 2009/ 12/ the_best_films_of_the_decade. nsf/ mndwebpages/ hannah claims tarantino influenced by jackass). com/ m/ kill_bill_vol_1/ ). festival-cannes. Box Office Mojo (http:/ / www. com/ m/ kill_bill_vol_1/ ) [11] Rotten Tomatoes. "The best films of the decade" (http:/ / blogs. .''Kill Bill Vol. [15] "Kill Bill—Vol. 1" (http:/ / www. Retrieved October 2. [29] Quentin Tarantino Talks Kill Bill 3: The Bride Will Fight Again! (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-06-11. 2006. [17] Roger Ebert (2009-12-30). "Kill Bill. dvdtalk. japattack. imdb. JapAttack. 10 May 2008. Kill Bill Vol. BadTaste. [18] "Kill Bill Vol. geo/ ) on 2005-01-07. Retrieved October 5. com/ main/ ?q=node/ 79). [3] "Filming locations for Kill Bill: Vol. Steve. rottentomatoes.00. Retrieved 2007-06-11.it. [30] "Tarantino Teases 'Kill Bill Volume 3'" (http:/ / www. com/ ). Roger Ebert's Journal. 2006. 2003–08–28. boxofficemojo. com/ misc/ emporium. advocateinsider. . Tomohiro Machiyama. php?id=15618). rottentomatoes. variety. Kill Bill Vol.com. com/ title/ tt0266697/ business) [13] IMDB. com/ news/ 9221). boxofficemojo. bloody-disgusting. suntimes. Retrieved 2010–06–05. uk/ features/ featurepages/ 0. 2" (http:/ / www. Variety. "Tarantino wants to 'Kill Bill' again" (http:/ / www. "Kill Bill: Volume 1. [5] (http:/ / film. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 2006 [20] "Kill Bill Vol. rottentomatoes. . .. com/ title/ tt0378194/ business) [14] O'Connell. html?categoryid=1043& cs=1). Retrieved August 7. "Movie review: 'Kill Bill. com/ m/ kill_bill_vol_2/ ) [12] IMDB. (2003). 2 receipts (http:/ / imdb. com/ movies/ mmx-031009movies-review-mc-killbillvol1. html) [26] "Kill Bill Volumes 3 and 4 Details Emerge!" (http:/ / www. suntimes. .com. Bloody-Disgusting. php?option=com_content& task=view& id=9753& Itemid=29). 28/05/2009 [7] (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2007-06-11. "Found: where Tarantino gets his ideas". December 21. Volume 2" (http:/ / rogerebert. 2004-08-14. . 2005. ContactMusic. net/ albums/ database/ ?id=3356 [22] "Festival de Cannes: Kill Bill: Volume 2" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2007-06-11. Retrieved on 2006-09-25 [6] Hannah claims Tarantino influenced by Jackass (http:/ / www. (2003). 2006. Sean & Kipp. Vol. 2009. contactmusic. contactmusic. Rose. Retrieved 2010-10-10. rogerebert. it/ index. 2004–04–06. [24] "Best DVD Packaging of 2004" (http:/ / www. html). [21] http:/ / www. [31] Young. nsf/ 84dbbfa4d710144986256c290016f76e/ 8bc9bcec3e81cf9588256db8007b01eb?OpenDocument). Rotten Tomatoes. Filmcritic. Retrieved on 2007-09-11 [8] "Kill Bill References Guide/ American and Euro mainstream and exploitation" (http:/ / www. guardian. rottentomatoes. . Contactmusic. Chicago Tribune. [19] Caro. [27] Rodriguez and Tarantino Present Grindhouse! (http:/ / comingsoon. Retrieved 2009-12-05. badtaste. [23] "Tarantino Brings Kill Bills Together" (http:/ / www. The Quentin Tarantino Archives. dll/ article?AID=/ 20040416/ REVIEWS/ 404160301/ 1023).6955179. info/ wiki/ index. php/ Kill_Bill_References_Guide/ _American_and_Euro_mainstream_and_exploitation). html).0. July 22. geo/ ). filmcritic. 2 reviews (http:/ / www. [4] "Filming locations for Kill Bill: Vol.

com/work/280648) at Allmovie Vol. 2 (http://www.boxofficemojo.allmovie. html) • Production I.htm) at Box Office Mojo Vol.universal-library. 2'' 206 External links Volume 1 • • • • • • • • • • Vol.imdb.info • Article from Universal Library including extended analysis (http://www. 2 (http://www.com/title/tt0266697/) at the Internet Movie Database Vol.com/title/title. 1 (http://www.info/works/killbill1.''Kill Bill Vol.com/movies/?id=killbill2.com/title/title. 1 (http://tcmdb.info/wiki/index. php?story_id=1824) Article from CGSociety. 1 (http://www.imdb.boxofficemojo.jsp?stid=454983) at the TCM Movie Database Vol.rottentomatoes.allmovie.org/story_custom.com/m/kill_bill_vol_1/) at Rotten Tomatoes Vol.rottentomatoes. 1 (http://www.jsp?stid=543841) at the TCM Movie Database Vol.php/Kill_Bill_References_Guide) at tarantino.org .com/title/tt0378194/) at the Internet Movie Database Vol. 2 (http://www.cgsociety.htm) at Box Office Mojo Vol. 2 (http://www.G on the Kill Bill Anime Sequences (http://features. 1 (http://www.com/m/kill_bill_vol_2/) at Rotten Tomatoes Volume 2 • Kill Bill References Guide (http://www.com/work/289932) at Allmovie Vol. 2 (http://tcmdb.tarantino.com/movies/?id=killbill.

Samuel L. Samuel L. California.''Twisted (2004 film)'' 207 Twisted (2004 film) Twisted Theatrical release psoter Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Philip Kaufman Barry Baeres Sarah Thorp Ashley Judd. D. Jackson. Moffett Peter Boyle Editing by Distributed by Paramount Pictures United International Pictures Release date(s) 27 February 2004 Running time Language Budget 97 minutes English ~ US$50. The film is set in San Francisco.000 Twisted is a 2004 American thriller film written by Sarah Thorp and directed by Philip Kaufman. It stars Ashley Judd. Jackson and Andy García. .W. Andy García.000.

. Shepard begins to experience a mental breakdown... soon falls under suspicion.... all of whom she has had relationships with.. She is transferred to the Homicide division and promoted to the rank of Inspector. she and her new partner. before she becomes the murderer's next victim. Wilson Jefferson Leland Orser . Edmund Cutler James Oliver Bullock . blacking out for increasingly long periods of time. Her father. Reception The film received almost universally negative reviews with a 2% rating on Rotten Tomatoes..well below the film's production budget of $50 million..[1] One reviewer described the role-reversal of the film as "contrived"...603[3] .. a police patrolman.. Bob Sherman (as James Hechim) .. while allowing that the film "may dole out a few guilty pleasures". had gone on a killing spree back in the 1970s and then murdered her mother.. Moffett . Her deceased father's former partner.. Dr. Mike Delmarco David Strathairn . Jones . With only her mentor's support she must find the perpetrator and clear her name. John Flanagan William Hall . John Mills Andy García . She begins to fear that she has the same violent tendencies and that she has been committing murder in her disorganized state. Jimmy Schmidt Titus Welliver . Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Ashley Judd ...598 in the United States and Canada and $15.756. Lisa Mark Pellegrino ..W. who also has a drinking problem. Melvin Frank Russell Wong . Three more murders follow..005 in other territories for a combined worldwide gross of $40.954. Larry Geber Jim Hechim .''Twisted (2004 film)'' 208 Plot Having solved a high profile case involving a serial killer. Shepard... Jackson . serves as her proud mentor. John Mills (Samuel L Jackson).[2] Box office The film generated $25. The recently promoted Jessica finds that she might once again have to prove herself in a department that takes no prisoners...198.. Jessica Shepard Samuel L... Mike Delmarco (Andy García) are assigned to the case... Lieutenant Tong Camryn Manheim . Jessica Shepard (Ashley Judd) is a rising officer in the San Francisco Police Department. Chip Marshall Joe Duer . When one of her former one night stands falls prey to murder. Dale Becker D. Ray Porter Richard T..

html) • Twisted (http://www. Box Office Mojo. as Jacob and "The Man In Black" respectively. empireonline. References [1] Twisted Movie Reviews.com/m/twisted/) at Rotten Tomatoes . Retrieved 2010-11-28.twistedmovie. com/ movies/ ?id=twisted. External links • Official site (http://www.''Twisted (2004 film)'' 209 Trivia Featured in this movie are Mark Pellegrino and Titus Welliver.com/title/tt0315297/) at the Internet Movie Database • Twisted (http://www. asp?FID=10022). Retrieved 2010-11-28. boxofficemojo. who also appear together in the ABC series Lost. Retrieved 2010-11-28. They were also the cast for the Devil and one of the four horsemen in the series "Supernatural". com/ reviews/ ReviewComplete. [2] Review of 'Twisted' (http:/ / www. htm).com/splash.imdb.com. Pictures (http:/ / uk. com/ m/ twisted). rottentomatoes. EmpireOnline. Rotten Tomatoes. [3] Twisted (2004) (http:/ / www.rottentomatoes.

Milla Jovovich. Scharf Columbia Pictures September 12. She was more than a thief. Jackson Milla Jovovich Stellan Skarsgård Jeff Beal Music by Cinematography Juan Ruiz Anchia Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget William S." . 2003 (limited) 97 min. Germany/United States English $12.000 (estimated) No Good Deed is a 2002 crime thriller film directed by Bob Rafelson. The film was marketed with the tagline "He was more than a cop. Stellan Skarsgård and Doug Hutchison.000. It starred Samuel L. Jackson. Berg David Braun Christopher Cannan Steve Barancik The House on Turk Street by Dashiell Hammett Samuel L. The original music score is by Jeff Beal.''No Good Deed'' 210 No Good Deed No Good Deed Theatrical poster for No Good Deed Directed by Produced by Written by Based on Starring Bob Rafelson Barry M. The screenplay by Christopher Cannan and Steve Barancik is based on the short story The House on Turk Street by Dashiell Hammett.

Out of desperation. he meets her husband Thomas (Joss Ackland). who has been staying with her disreputable boyfriend on Turk Street. Back at the house. but he gives in to the neighbor's pleas and agrees to search for her daughter. She points out that David will expect to see her at the bank. Mrs. Friar explains who he is looking for and reaches for the picture in order to show it to the Quarres. by the end. insisting that the transfer absolutely must happen by 6:00 PM. As David walks Tyrone out of the bank. During the blackout. The manager hands Tyrone a disc with all the various account numbers and passwords for the transfers. Friar thanks her for saving his life and says that he owes her one. Tyrone and Hoop decide to go to David's house and ambush him. Jackson is shown practicing Johannes Brahms' Trio #1 in B Major. When Tyrone is in the garden at one point. and she reveals that she brought his cello back with her. Op. and as he fumbles for it. the lack of food has made Friar pass out.8 and injecting himself with insulin. Erin sits at the piano and begins to play a halting version of Chopsticks. she is playing a sophisticated. He assigns Erin to stay at the house and guard Friar. and David thinks it's impossible. on Turk Street. She explains that Tyrone rescued her from a collapsing Russia. David offers to make the transfer on his laptop through a modem. Hoop (Doug Hutchinson) emerges and points a gun to his head. Tyrone dispatches the Quarres to the airfield where they are to prepare a small plane for their escape to the Caribbean. and he sight reads it with her accompanying on piano. His neighbor arrives and begs him to retrieve her daughter. Hoop appears to be the near psychotic muscle man. Erin realizes he is a diabetic and tries to revive him by dripping orange juice into his mouth. As they are sitting in the living room. who slips on her porch steps as she's carrying groceries. and once inside. Friar shows the picture of the boyfriend to several people with no luck. Pointing the gun at Friar. Friar is tied to a chair and a criminal plot quickly emerges. Afterward. Erin comments on the packed bags that she noticed at Friar's apartment. it blew away as he helped Mrs. and she needs to report the case to missing persons. police detective Jack Friar Samuel L. Erin appears extremely sympathetic to Friar's plight.''No Good Deed'' 211 Plot summary Over the opening credits. and they make Friar a cup of tea. Quarre with the groceries. On Turk Street. despite this being a departure from the plan. jazzlike version of the piece. pretending to be outraged that his transfer cannot go through. who is the inside man for the heist. leaving only the phone lines open. where she finds his insulin in the refrigerator. Hoop infiltrates the electrical system and causes a total blackout. claiming that Tyrone cut it off when she tried to leave him. where most of her friends went on to become prostitutes. Tyrone impersonates a blind man making a $10 million transfer out of the bank. At the bank. she grabs his keys and wallet and drives his car to his apartment. he notices an elderly woman. he sits behind her . he uses David as a foil against the bank manager. The Quarres seem to be innocent quasi-hostages. She gives him a copy of Henri Duparc's Chanson Triste. David grabs the disc. Erin informs him that the crime has been moved forward to today. She shows Friar her right foot which is missing the second toe. but Tyrone insists that he can handle David. The doorbell rings and it is a banker named David (Jonathan Higgins). revealing that she is also a musician. and he agrees to help the team rob the bank ahead of schedule. Erin and Hoop talk about running away together after their crime has been committed. Tyrone would kill her. He is packed and ready to go to a fantasy music camp in the Berkshires for two weeks. However. As it begins to rain. Erin says that it's the only way for the two of them to be together. he insists that he must see Erin before he hands over the disc. She explains that if she let him go. but as Tyrone pretends to miss it with his outstretched hand due to his blindness. although the nature of it and the roles of the people in the house are unclear. Alone in the house together. He runs to help her. The femme fatale is revealed to be a woman named Erin (Milla Jovovich) who is involved with the ringleader Tyrone (Stellan Skarsgård). much like himself. Meanwhile. Friar protests that he is just a grand theft auto cop. Tyrone and Hoop leave for the bank. Quarre (Grace Zabriskie). she says she'll collect the debt he owes her for saving his life by making him play with her. she injects Friar and saves him from falling into a diabetic coma. much to his manager's relief.

Friar insists that the time has come for Tyrone to let them go. He clearly has fallen for Erin. Friar reveals that he has torn his up and allows her to walk away. Hoop gets nowhere by roughing up the poor banker. and the two of them make love for the first time. The crew will drive to Albany and then on to the Canadian border. The two almost kiss. he kills David without getting the password. At David's house. On the way to Canada. Friar has to choose whether or not to turn Erin in. Tyrone puts a gun in Erin's hand. trying to make her pull the trigger as her 'baptism'. killing him. At one of the banks. who coyly tries to hew to the plan that she leave with Tyrone for the Caribbean. he can help them get to the border without incident. Friar convinces Tyrone. Quarre. Tyrone reveals that the $10 million has been transferred into multiple banks around Albany in smaller amounts which won't attract the attention that the original sum would. David insists on being alone with Erin. He asks that Erin be allowed to choose her own path from there: whether to be with Friar or Tyrone. She reminds him of how they almost kissed and says that they've each got their $1 million share of the cashier's checks which they could use to run away together. David says. He has password-protected the contents of the disc. Enraged by the sight of Erin and David in bed. but Friar decides against it. he is gunned down by the border police. finally barging into the room. "Enough promises". He turns around with the pistol and Tyrone fires the shotgun. Quarre tries to take the disc from Tyrone. convincing Tyrone that they must return to Turk Street and kill him. that as a cop. and Friar asserts that with the siren in his car and his badge. shielding him from the blast. Friar stabs him in the neck with a corkscrew. and when Hoop attempts to strangle him. he tells a cop to arrest her. but Erin points out that he can't be seen with Tyrone ever again. As Mr. presumably so she will not be killed by Tyrone. Friar has placed the old license plates behind his back. Friar has loosened his bonds. Hoop gets more and more agitated as time goes by. Friar says that a security guard has written down their license plate number. as they wait in line behind the other cars. Erin correctly guesses that the password is her name. he can help them with their escape plan. The couple realized that they were being abandoned and want their cut of the bank money.''No Good Deed'' and teaches her to play the cello. Tyrone agrees. He allows her to tie him up again. but the extent is unclear. As she is leaving the border station. killing Mrs. At the Canadian border. signaling that she will choose him. who is clearly averse to shedding blood himself. The trio spend the morning going to the various banks withdrawing the funds in cashier's checks. when the Quarres burst in with guns. Realizing her various escape plans were being cut off. Hoop brings Erin to David's house. promising that she'll return for him. riding in the back seat with a shotgun aimed at Friar's back. Erin concocts a story that Friar was lying about looking for a girl and was in fact looking for Tyrone. 212 . but she slips a pistol to Tyrone in the front seat. convincing Tyrone that they need to stop and steal some new ones. Erin slides into the backseat with Tyrone. his shotgun goes off. As Tyrone runs for the border with the shotgun. returning for David in a few days. Tyrone calls each bank in advance and convinces them to allow him to withdraw the funds at the drive-thru. where Tyrone reveals that they are not going to meet the Quarres at the airfield. and he refuses to divulge the password unless he sees Erin. since only he knows if she was a hostage or a conspirator. and the three of them get in a car together. leaving Friar alone on Turk Street. Quarre is heartbroken and kills himself with her pistol. In order to still have the advantage over Friar. Mr. He wants to go with them.

Hoop Joss Ackland .Tyrone Abernathy Doug Hutchison .''No Good Deed'' 213 Main cast • • • • • • • • • Samuel L.Amy Robert Welch . com/ title/ tt0292610/ [2] http:/ / www. • This film was shot on location in Montreal. External links • No Good Deed [1] at the Internet Movie Database • No Good Deed [2] at Allmovie • No Good Deed [3] at Rotten Tomatoes References [1] http:/ / www. which originated from the TV series The Monkees. The version in this film is performed by his son. Quebec. Peter Rafelson. Jackson . allmovie. imdb. rottentomatoes.Jack Friar Milla Jovovich .Mr. the song playing is "(I'm Not Your) Stepping Stone". Thomas Quarre Grace Zabriskie . com/ m/ no_good_deed/ .Erin Stellan Skarsgård . Quarre Jonathan Higgins . com/ work/ 276153 [3] http:/ / www.David Brewster Shannon Lawson .Willy Trivia • During the scene where David Brewster is driving in the rain. which Bob Rafelson created.Mrs. Canada.

A.W.A.W.T. Jackson Michelle Rodriguez LL Cool J Josh Charles Olivier Martinez Elliot Goldenthal Michael Tronick Original Film Columbia Pictures August 8.T.''S.A.T. Written by Starring Music by Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time .W. 2003 117 min. Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Clark Johnson Dan Halsted Chris Lee Neal H. (film) S. Moritz Characters: Robert Hamner Story: Ron Mita Jim McClain Screenplay: David Ayer David McKenna Uncredited: George Huang Lem Dobbs Chris Morgan Craig Fernandez Colin Farrell Samuel L. (film)'' 214 S.

this was loosely based on the 1997 North Hollywood shootout. His high-tempered partner and close friend Brian Gamble (Jeremy Renner) disobeys an order.D. Deacon Kaye (LL Cool J). his associates.000. The SWAT team delivers Montel to a federal prison to await trial. "I will give 100 million dollars to whoever gets me out of here!" The L. including himself. McCabe (Josh Charles). and soon puts together a diverse team. a former Navy SEAL and hot-shot cop from the Los Angeles Police Department and his SWAT team are sent to stop a gang of robbers who have taken over a bank. Moritz.U. Colin Farrell..W.A. Street. Officer Jim Street (Colin Farrell). Jackson) to help re-organize the SWAT division. assault the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department bus transporting Montel in an attempt to free him. Meanwhile. a report of holdup in progress comes over the police radio.V. As Montel is being brought into the police station in front of a group of reporters.A. personnel stop Montel for a broken taillight.000 $207. detain him. On the way home to L. and Michael Boxer (Brian Van Holt). Chris Sánchez (Michelle Rodriguez).''S. Jackson. Hondo is transferred in. The police next send out a large convoy. the commander of LAPD's Metropolitan Division. T. the latter of whom is taken off the SWAT team and sent to work in the "gun cage.: Fire Fight S. dressed as LAPD officers. Uniformed L.P. It proves to be a decoy. makes plans to transfer Montel into federal custody. LL Cool J and Michelle Rodriguez. They plan to fly him away. he yells to the TV cameras. Gamble quits following arguments with Fuller and Street. and there is a final fierce battle. and the two succeed in taking Montel from the other officers.725. Hondo's team is victorious. Hondo and the rest give chase. Kaye. But as Montel is transferred to prison. with Street emerging the eventual victor when he kicks Gamble under the wheels of a passing train. and Sanchez decide to help anyway. Street.A.T.A.W. producer of The Fast and the Furious & xXx. (film)'' Language English Spanish French $80.J.A. which gang members attack. The team trains together and develops bonds of friendship.D. and despite the team being two officers down and off shift for the past twelve hours. and Hondo's team has spirited Montel away in two S. and is based on the 1975 television series of the same name. who is portrayed as a "fussy martinet".A. However. The Chief of Police calls on Sergeant Daniel "Hondo" Harrelson (Samuel L. Gamble's group against the SWAT officers. and wounds a hostage. "Mount up!". but a mysterious attacker (it is presumed to be Gamble) shoots down the helicopter. a drug lord by the name of Alexander Montel (Olivier Martinez) has killed his father and uncle for control of the family's crime empire. has been plotting with Gamble.J. 2003. The film's last line is Hondo shouting." where he looks after gear and weapons. It was released in the United States on August 8. Plot The film begins with a hostage situation in Los Angeles.P.W. . Gamble and Street are demoted by Captain Fuller (Larry Poindexter). T. Hondo's SWAT team foils the assault. is an 2003 action thriller film produced by Neal H.T. It was directed by Clark Johnson and stars Samuel L. and learn through Interpol he is an international fugitive. and there is a vicious hand to hand fight between Street and Gamble.639 [1] 215 Budget Gross revenue Followed by S.s (4 wheel drives). T.J. kills himself rather than be captured. Hondo.T.

is field commander of D Platoon (SWAT) and one of Hondo's old friends. who heads another SWAT element. He is brought back by the Chief of Police to head a new SWAT Element. • Ken Davitian as Martìn Gascoigne. Her callsign is 73-David. he is armed with a Benelli M3 Super 90 shotgun and later Hondo's MP5. Allison as Robber #2 • Michael Baker as Range Official • Dianne Barone as Newscaster #1 • Bridget Powers as Herself • Joe Bucaro III as Robber #3 • Brad Crosby as Lee • Ken Davitian as Uncle Martin Gascoigne • Reed Diamond as Officer David Burress . is Commander of Metropolitan Division (Home of the LAPD SWAT) D Platoon. as Beat-up Latino Thug • Peter Allas as Bistro Gangster #1 • Frankie J. Roger Mitchell as Agent Kirkland • Jay Acovone as Lear Jet Pilot • Mario Aguilar Jr.-based drug trafficker who is Montel's uncle. • Olivier Martinez as Alexander "Alex" Montel. • Brian Van Holt as Police Officer Third Grade Michael Boxer is a SWAT officer who has worked with Hondo before.''S. he is recruited for Hondo's new SWAT team.A. McCabe. • Colin Farrell as Police Officer Third Grade Jim Street. • Michelle Rodriguez as Police Officer Third Grade Chris Sánchez. was a frequent applicant to SWAT. (film)'' 216 Cast • Samuel L.A. He is a retired Recon Marine. • Jeremy Renner as former Police Officer Third Grade Brian Gamble. His call sign is R-commander. Jackson as Sergeant Second Grade Daniel "Hondo" Harrelson. and serves as the rear-guard of the team. is a French criminal. He quit the L. Hondo persuades him to allow her to be on his team. is a French L. is a member of SWAT who initially has problems with Street. • Josh Charles as Police Officer Third Grade T. • Reg E. He uses both an M4A1 and MP5A2. in Downtown LA. after being demoted. • Larry Poindexter as Captain Thomas Fuller. He personally upgraded the trigger of the M4A1 that he uses. His call sign is 70 David. He is armed with a M4A1. is a Patrol officer and father of two children whom Hondo also recruits." After Hondo sees how well he can shoot.W. His call sign is 10-David. Gascoigne operates from the Figaro Cafè.A. In the SWAT team.D. • Page Kennedy as Travis • Domenick Lombardozzi as GQ • James DuMont as Gus • Denis Arndt as Sergeant Howard. who was rejected each time due to the captain's sexism. His family controls a huge drug empire which values into the billions. She has a daughter named Eliza.P. Cathey as Lieutenant Second Grade Greg Velasquez. • Lindsey Ginter as Agent Hauser • Lucinda Jenney as Kathy • E. most SWAT officers hate him. She carries an MP5 on SWAT calls. He is originally assigned to SWAT.T. His sister was involved with Street and broke up with him after he was transferred to the gun cage. • LL Cool J as Police Officer Third Grade Deacon "Deke" Kaye. He is a former Navy SEAL and uses an M4A1 and a Kimber Custom TLE II pistol on SWAT missions.J. but after an incident with his partner he is removed from the team and placed in the "gun cage. Street's former partner.

A.T. Richard Segerstrom Michael Guarnera as Paramedic Noel Gugliemi as Latino Thug Steven Hack as Motorcycle Cop Daniel Ichikawa as Sergeant Yamoto. Daniel "Hondo" Harrelson in the TV series. heads SWAT's sniper element. Moritz as Luxury Car Driver Devika Parikh as Jail Intake Reporter Rod Perry.''S.W. who originated the role of Lt. Segerstrom Andy Umberger as Deputy Chief Nick Vachon as Agusta Pilot #1 Jeff Wincott as Ed Taylor Philip Akin as Hijacked Passenger J. as SWAT Truck Driver María Gálvez as Latino Woman Willie Gault as Newscaster #2 Sheri Goldner as Dispatcher #1 Bruce Gray as Mr. He uses a Remington Model 700 PSS as his weapon. Grant Albrecht as Desk Sergeant Frank Alvarez as Gangster Watching TV Don "Magic" Juan as himself 217 . (film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Martin Dorsla as Hip Cop Steve Forrest. Clark Johnson as Deke's Handsome Partner Tricia Kelly as Waitress at Pub Jenya Lano as Monique Brian Leckner as Cashier Iris Little Thomas as Bank Supervisor Ricki Lopez as Agusta Pilot #2 Elio Lupi as Hot Dog Vendor Alexander Lyras as Bistro Gangster #2 Larry McCormick as himself Jay Montalvo as Spanish Newscaster Neal H. Sgt. James as Polish Hostage Arlow Stewart as Homeboy Shannon Sturges as Mrs. as Deacon Kaye's uncle Audra Platz as Dispatcher #2 Stephen Ramsey as Lear Jet Co-Pilot Ken Rudulph as Reporter Heather Salmon as Wounded Bank Teller Ashley Scott as Lara Gregory Sporleder as Robber #1 Richard Steinmetz as SWAT Negotiator David St. David "Deacon" Kay from TV series.

A.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www.W. Retrieved April 23.W. Deke is second-in-command to Hondo. Pictures . [3] Soundtrack Elliot Goldenthal composed the movie's soundtrack. who made a cameo appearance at the end of the movie as the S. a favorable rating of 3/4 stars. whereas in the movie he is at the same level as the others. rottentomatoes.T.com/homevideo/s.a.T./) S. Movie Reviews.com. as well as a thumbs up on At the Movies (1982–1990 TV series).sonypictures.allmovie. htm). in the TV series it was an all-male team. T.W.J. .T.A. McCabe is one of the antagonists. with a 48% "rotten" rating on the movie reviews website Rotten Tomatoes. whereas the movie introduced a sixth.A. (film)'' 218 Reception Reception for the movie was mixed. Differences from TV series In the original TV series.imdb.A.W.T.W.t.A. The movie also changes the S.com/title/tt0257076/) at the Internet Movie Database S. whereas in the TV series. (http://www. References [1] "S. 3. Sánchez. team in several important ways: 1.com/m/swat/) at Rotten Tomatoes .T.W.T. (http://www. (http://www. dialogue. suntimes. In the movie there is a female member of the team.A. com/ m/ swat/ ) [3] http:/ / rogerebert. and the action sequences which he found believable.W. [2] S.''S.T. He complemented the characters. The TV series had only five members on the team. Boxer was not in the TV series and the movie left out Luca. (2003)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. boxofficemojo. 2. com/ apps/ pbcs.W.T. 4. transport driver.T. com/ movies/ ?id=swat.W.w.A. based on 160 critical reviews.A. In the TV series.rottentomatoes. dll/ article?AID=/ 20030808/ REVIEWS/ 308080304/ 1023 External links • • • • Official website (http://http://www. 2006.[2] Film critic Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave S. he always worked for the team.com/work/282770) at Allmovie S.A. the role of Hondo was played by white actor Steve Forrest.

Samuel L. Connie Nielsen. Jackson. Timothy Daly Klaus Badelt Steve Mason George Folsey Jr.000 Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Basic is a 2003 thriller film directed by John McTiernan.000. 2003 98 minutes English ~ US$50. Phoenix Pictures Intermedia Films Columbia Pictures March 28.''Basic (film)'' 219 Basic (film) Basic Basic film poster Directed by Produced by John McTiernan Mike Medavoy Michael Tadross Dror Soref James Vanderbilt James Vanderbilt John Travolta. .

At the hospital. the mission has gone horribly wrong. using live fire to hit pop-up metal targets. Nuñez and Castro. Kendall claims that West was killed by being hit in the back with a white phosphorus grenade. Another soldier then walks out of the jungle and started shooting at Dunbar. The rest of the team. Kendall reveals to Hardy and Osborne that he is a homosexual. it is suggested that Pike had enough motive to murder him. Dunbar is given a pad of paper and pen and he writes that he will only speak to a fellow Ranger.). This soldier. later identified as Mueller. Kendall intervened. emerges from the jungle carrying one of his wounded comrades. Their objective is to move through the jungle while a hurricane rages above. Since he seemed to have plenty of reason to hate West. Mueller and two other soldiers. the team decided to turn Pike in when they would be picked up the next morning. Kendall also claims that West silently threatened his life in the helicopter. However. . Dunbar then went back to his bag. Hardy revealed to Dunbar that he served under West when he was a Ranger. on his back. and was picked up. and draws an "8" inside a circle on the piece of paper. When asked why Dunbar would go through all the trouble of carrying him out of the firefight. Dunbar's Story During the interrogation. Kendall was partnered with Castro for the mission and he says he feared that West may have bribed Castro to give him a "training accident". is killed in self-defense by Dunbar. Noticeably spooked upon seeing the "8". Jackson). According to Kendall. It is revealed that Kendall is the son of a Joint Chiefs of Staff general. and claims that West hated him because of it. someone from outside the base. One trainee in Dunbar's unit. Hardy and Osborne. Styles wants the investigation kept quiet. Kendall suggested that perhaps Dunbar expected him to cover for him in gratitude. as seen in the beginning of the movie. an ex-Ranger is now a DEA agent who is presently under investigation for suspicion of bribery. Dunbar mentioned that West is infamous for being a ruthless. are forced to work together during the 6 hours they are given before the CID transportation from Washington will arrive to take Dunbar and Kendall away to initiate an investigation. and that Pike confessed to the crime. who refuses to talk. and also Osborne's on-again. base commander. tough-as-nails sergeant. Hardy runs into Dr. After Castro was hit. Kendall dismissed Pike's suggestion then went back to his sleeping area. initially wary of each other. a Ranger (eventually identified as Ray Dunbar). who is recovering from gunshot wounds sustained during the mission. In an interrogation room back on base. Pike was selected for the Panama training mission along with Dunbar. Second Lieutenant Levi Kendall. are presumed dead. Kendall and Pike. Pike proposed they kill Mueller and Nunez and convince Dunbar and Castro to back them up. Tom Hardy (John Travolta). Apparently. On board is a team of Army Ranger trainees and their instructor. Hardy. Master Sergeant Nathan West (Samuel L. but later spotted Pike whispering to Dunbar. Pike tried to rouse Kendall's sympathies by playing to their mutual hatred of West. Captain Julia Osborne (Connie Nielsen) makes little headway with Dunbar. Nunez and Pike were killed and Kendall was wounded. off-again lover. and West. exchanged fire with Mueller. a soldier named Pike. At this point. Kendall. Dunbar refuses to say anything more. shortly before the mission began. an old friend. extracted his pistol and aimed it at the sleeping Mueller. thinking that his comrades would go along with it. and caused Mueller to shoot Castro. calls in an experienced interrogator and friend. Kendall's Story Hardy and Osborne then go see the other surviving team member. then rendezvous at a small bunker. he fired frantically striking Nunez. earned West's wrath more than any other. Dunbar then carried the wounded Kendall on his back through the jungle. In the middle of the night. Peter Vilmer (Harry Connick Jr. Colonel Bill Styles (Timothy Daly). Second Lieutenant Levi Kendall.''Basic (film)'' 220 Plot A helicopter circles over the Panamanian jungle. Seventeen hours later.

Vilmer remarks to Hardy and Osborne in an offhand manner that he will be on the same plane with Pike. He also says that it was Vilmer who supplied the drugs to Mueller and Kendall. Dunbar also claims that Mueller and Kendall were selling prescription drug injection kits called "combat cocktails" which help dull physical pain and sharpen the mind. Kendall said earlier that West was killed with a phosphorus grenade. who turned rogue and became drug-dealers. who first denies knowing what the 8 may symbolize.''Basic (film)'' 221 Dunbar's Second Story Dunbar. which he had stolen from his pack earlier. she realizes it is an 8. the man whom West antagonized during training (according to his own story). then disappear after being transported for trial. trained under West. a fierce argument began and Mueller shot Pike in the head. Vilmer admits that he distributed drugs to Mueller and Kendall and that he falsified drug tests so that the soldiers would come up clean. At Hardy's request. during which Osborne breaks his nose with a phone book. He informs them that Dunbar and Vilmer will be taken away shortly on the transport plane that has arrived from the U. This means that the white "Dunbar" Hardy and Osborne have been questioning is in fact Pike. although what they say is inaudible. Dunbar claims that Mueller then used Pike's grenade. Dunbar provides proof of the alleged drug-dealing operation. However. Suddenly. Hardy and Osborne lead Pike away to interrogate him again now that they know the truth. He relieves Osborne of duty and asks Hardy to leave. upon further questioning. Pike had switched his tags with Dunbar's in order to throw off the local authorities. Hardy and Osborne then go to confront Kendall. Kendall never said anything about West being shot. Dunbar rescued Kendall. However he still claimed that Dunbar was the guilty party. Vilmer is subsequently placed under arrest. Hardy and Osborne rush back to the base just as Pike is being taken onto a transport plane. He says Ray Dunbar is black. The two engage in a brief screaming match. he takes her aside and explains the conversation he had earlier with Styles. but shortly after. After a few minutes. hiked through the jungle. Pike then drops to his knees. After a brief physical fight. says that Kendall is lying and proclaims that he didn't shoot West. At the stockade. Vilmer. However.S. After-wards. and that Mueller shot West because he was aware of their drug dealing. Hardy grabs Pike and holds his face dangerously close to the plane's whirling propeller. Back at the bunker. but when Pike began pointing out evidence that threw suspicion on Mueller. but Vilmer says that's not right. Styles is furious that Osborne and Hardy talked to Kendall a second time after he explicitly ordered them not to. and he considers the investigation closed. Kendall starts vomiting blood and then abruptly dies. who is acting very strangely and refuses to give them any useful information. Mueller tried to pin the blame on Pike. She shows this to Hardy. They call themselves Section 8. Hardy notices that Kendall is bleeding out of his ears. Kendall's Second Story When Osborne and Hardy return to the hospital. Hardy corrects him. After a short interrogation. killed Mueller and was picked up by the helicopter. . out of breath. There is rumored to be a group of ex-Rangers in Panama. they speak briefly with Dr. right before Kendall dies he uses his blood soaked finger to draw what Osborne initially interprets as the symbol for infinity. A firefight broke out in the bunker and Castro and Nunez were killed. saying that he'll be on the same plane as Dunbar.

She follows them by car and then by foot through the streets of Panama City and watches as the two of them enter a doorway with a big eight ball hanging above it. Nuñez chases after him. Hardy then accuses Styles of lying and he believes West did in fact go to him. he ordered Mueller and Kendall to kill him and then poisoned Kendall afterward to keep him quiet. and fake West's death (in order for him to join Section 8). The mercenary story is a cover to spook the cartels. West shoots Kendall. A brief Mexican standoff ensues and West escapes the bunker. Styles responded by ordering Mueller and Kendall to kill West.''Basic (film)'' 222 Pike's Final Explanation In Pike's new story. and tries to convince Pike to give himself up. not realizing that Styles was also involved. particularly in describing how members of the conspiracy planned to cover up West's death. To prove his story. killed Mueller and was picked up by the helicopter. It is still thoroughly established that he managed to escape. walks up behind her. West and Hardy then offer Osborne a job. Dunbar and Nuñez are also there. and discovered Mueller. he gives Hardy. Osborne and Styles. the number of a crate where Vilmer had stowed cocaine. but instead was shot and killed by Osborne who had been secretly watching outside his office. She becomes confused when West. West was not shot. Shortly after Castro and Mueller go looking for West. Osborne recalls hearing that phrase during both Kendall and Pike's stories. West. and then. and gets shot by West. carried Kendall through the jungle. with her weapon drawn. Castro. Osborne is about to leave the base for the night and Hardy tells her that all she has to do concerning the shooting is "Tell the story right". knowing that he would be blamed if West died. took Dunbar's dog tags. wounding him. believing that they are behind both Section 8 and West's murder. Dunbar. He claims West confronted the Rangers in the bunker and told them that he would turn them in to authorities in the morning and tell Styles everything. Pike finds Dunbar dead. Castro. cocaine smuggling. She tails him out of the base and watches as Pike runs out from some bushes and into Hardy's jeep. Osborne sneaks up behind Hardy and Pike. Mueller manages to kill West. and he was behind the drug dealing operation the whole time. Rather than side with West. They reveal to Osbourne that Section 8 is actually a black-ops anti-drug unit led by Tom Hardy (who is actually a Colonel). Styles draws his weapon and was about to shoot Hardy. Pike shoots at Mueller. Hardy says he will consider and turns to leave. informed him of their findings. and Hardy went to the base to confirm Styles' and Vilmer's involvement. Styles laughs off the accusations. Kendall and Vilmer were responsible. Nuñez and Pike (their names are revealed to be fake) infiltrated the base to investigate the cocaine trafficking that was going on. very much alive. he says that he is curious why West wouldn't tell Styles about the drugs as soon as he suspected something. but as Hardy starts to leave Styles offers him a percentage of the operation. especially since he hated West and because Section 8 contains West's former trainees. Hardy then talks to Styles alone. This makes Osborne suspect Hardy may be somehow involved. once he's back in business to keep his mouth shut. . Final twist and explanation After the Military Police wrap up the investigation into Styles' shooting. Pike claimed West knew about the main operation going on at the base. The training mission was in fact a set-up to get rid of Mueller and Kendall.

Peter Vilmer Reception The movie grossed $26."[4] Inaccuracies The film contains a large number of military related inaccuracies. but the problem is. like a bad shaggy-dog joke.''Basic (film)'' 223 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • John Travolta as Colonel Tom Hardy Connie Nielsen as Captain Julia Osborne Samuel L. 5. Among these are: 1. The character of Sergeant West is identified as Master Sergeant (E-8) but in the scene where he is yelling at the group of trainees he is wearing the insignia of a Specialist (E-4).311 in the US[1] .[3] Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide gave it two stars out of four and wrote that the film "keeps adding layers of confusion so that it becomes less interesting as it goes along! The final "twist" seems to negate the entire story.793. Nuñez's presence in the movie is inaccurate as the career path of Ranger is only open to male soldiers. and that "If I were to see it again and again. I might be able to extract an underlying logic from it. Sergeant West asks the members of his platoon to give him a "hoo-ha". Cadre in Ranger School are simply referred to as an "RI". West is referred to as a "Black Hat" which is the title for instructors in the Army's Airborne School. . Jackson as Master Sergeant Nathan West Timothy Daly as Colonel Bill Styles Giovanni Ribisi as Second Lieutenant Levi Kendall Brian Van Holt as Ray Dunbar Taye Diggs as Jay Pike Dash Mihok as Mueller Cristián de la Fuente as Castro Roselyn Sánchez as Nuñez Harry Connick. In all of the jungle scenes the characters are wearing berets. Roger Ebert gave it one star out of four and wrote that it was "not a film that could be understood". West is shown wearing a black beret. 3. Jr. however personnel assigned to the Ranger Training Brigade wear the tan beret. as Dr. it had better get the job done the first time through". Reviews were mostly negative. 6. 2. The beret is only worn while in garrison and would not be worn by personnel in a field/training exercise. Members of the United States Army use the term "hooah" as a general term of understanding or acknowledgment. Most reviews criticize the film. when a movie's not worth seeing twice. This term is not used by the members of any of the US armed forces. The film received a rating of 21% "fresh" (positive) reviews from the US's top critics on Rotten Tomatoes[2] . 4.

sonypictures. dll/ article?AID=/ 20030328/ REVIEWS/ 303280301/ 1023) rogerebert.com/movies/?id=basic.com/title/tt0264395/) at the Internet Movie Database Basic (http://www. 90 External links • • • • Official site (http://www.rottentomatoes.com Leonard Maltin's 2008 Movie Guide.htm) at Box Office Mojo . htm) Box Office Mojo Basic (http:/ / www.com/movies/basic/) Basic (http://www. 2007. com/ movies/ ?id=basic. p. rottentomatoes. suntimes.imdb. com/ m/ basic/ ) Rotten Tomatoes Basic (http:/ / rogerebert.com/m/basic/) at Rotten Tomatoes Basic (http://www. New York: Signet. com/ apps/ pbcs. ISBN 9780451221865.boxofficemojo.''Basic (film)'' 224 References [1] [2] [3] [4] Basic (http:/ / boxofficemojo.

He wants to make a deal and retire to play golf. perhaps best known for Freddy vs. The film was directed by Ronny Yu. (UK)[4] directed by Ronny Yu. written by Stel Pavlou. Jackson. 2001 92 minutes English $27. Jason and Bride of Chucky. Sean Pertwee. An American chemist has designed a new recreational drug. This film was the first script from writer British screenwriter Stel Pavlou. . Robert Carlyle. Jackson Robert Carlyle Emily Mortimer Meat Loaf Momentum Pictures (UK) Screen Gems (US) Alliance Atlantis (Canada) Paramount Pictures (Australia) December 7. but gangsters are out to kill him. Ricky Tomlinson. Rhys Ifans.000 $14. starring Samuel L.439.698 [1] [2] [2] Written by Starring Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue The 51st State (also known as Formula 51) is a 2001 British film[3] produced by Focus Films Ltd. Emily Mortimer. Most of the filming was done on location in Liverpool.''The 51st State'' 225 The 51st State The 51st State Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Ronny Yu David Pupkewitz Malcolm Kohll Andras Hamori Mark Aldridge Stel Pavlou Samuel L. He is on the run and heads to the United Kingdom in the hope of finding a buyer for the designer drug: POS 51. Meat Loaf and Robert Fyfe.000.

While they are partying. McElroy and DeSouza make their way to a chemist (drug store) to get the ingredients for POS 51. an ex-hitman who has been sent by his boss Leopold Durant (Ricky Tomlinson). DeSouza is shot in the rear on purpose by Dakota who remarks "that's for getting in the way". Having no choice. in the next room McElroy spits out his red pill. McElroy makes two batches of the drug. Fast forward to the present day: a drug lord called the Lizard (Meat Loaf) calls a meeting with his organization. she strikes a deal with him. He claims that the red pill is the stronger version. POS 51. she is to kill anyone who is meeting with him. At the meeting. a miscommunication leads to the cargo container being dropped. where McElroy initiates his deal with the raver king and delivers the drug to the waiting crowd. Instead of killing McElroy. McElroy drops. he contacts Dakota (Emily Mortimer). Meanwhile in a room across the street Dakota is watching through a rifle scope waiting for her chance to kill McElroy. claiming that his product. Dakota appears. McElroy asks DeSouza to contact the next drug lord in town who is a gun dealing. who are also out to get the drug. They escape. the skinheads try it. fresh from graduating college with a degree in pharmacology. A second opinion from a local chemist confirms this and Durant gives him a million dollars plus in bonds. blows up the building. McElroy and DeSouza leave after throwing some rolls of toilet paper to the screaming skinheads. now his main concern is keeping McElroy alive until he can get the formula. McElroy starts to leave as this is 18 million short of the agreed payment. promising him his formula for £20 million. As McElroy and DeSouza leave the hotel. She switches rifles to an automatic weapon and kills everyone in the room except DeSouza and McElroy. Revenge very much on his mind. is 51 times as potent as ecstacy. the two are attacked by a gang of skinheads. He relates to DeSouza that its primary effect is that of a powerful laxative.000 bonus to complete the hit on McElroy. He is soon lured into a game of chicken by McElroy. One of the drug's defining attributes is that it can be made with over-the-counter products. Kane returns to the crime scene and strings up Durant on the bottom of a large cargo container. She refuses. His arrest and conviction prevents his employment as a pharmacologist. About to pull the trigger. killing everyone except the Lizard who falls through the floor. At this point it becomes obvious that Kane isn't entirely clean: he demands 50 percent of Durant's deal with McElroy. It seems that she and DeSouza have a history. one blue and one red. crushing and killing Durant in the process. writhing and crapping themselves on the floor. She captures McElroy and attempts to leave with him via the roof and the escape ladder.''The 51st State'' 226 Plot It's 1971: Elmo McElroy (Samuel L. head of a local criminal organization. waiting for the effect of the drug. the Lizard calls. and it is revealed that her real name is Dawn and that she and DeSouza were romantically involved. who escapes. The deal goes awry when McElroy. club owner named Iki (Rhys Ifans). but Felix keeps getting in the way. suspending her over the edge of the roof. who is also a drug distributor. Jackson). as the skinheads claim they have a lab to produce the drug. Escaping with McElroy. The distribution is interrupted by Kane and a police raid. killed the only witness against him. McElroy heads for Liverpool where he has a deal arranged. is pulled over by a patrolman and caught smoking marijuana. twists and grabs her. McElroy makes his pitch. They are followed by the skinheads. . in the film's early scenes. amphetamines and cocaine. a synthetic drug that can be produced with minimal facilities. hoping to sell a brand new substance invented by McElroy. The two visit Iki's rave club. a contract killer who has just. Unfortunately. and after he takes one. to chase down and kill McElroy. none of which yet appear on any government's banned substance list. in exchange for two football tickets to the Liverpool versus Manchester United game. but he offers to `clear her slate` of gambling debts and offers her a $250. in a bid to escape from the Lizard's control. The lab turns out to be an Animal Testing Facility that the skinheads have broken into. which should take effect any moment. At the airport he is met by Felix DeSouza (Robert Carlyle). rather than being lowered slowly. McElroy makes short work of them with his golf clubs. who are armed this time. Detective Virgil Kane (Sean Pertwee) arrives on the scene and gives chase. opiates. McElroy isn't that dismayed at being captured.

Manchester United game. ingested by the Lizard. as McElroy says.''The 51st State'' Meanwhile. McElroy and Dawn take cover behind it. Pulling an umbrella from McElroy's golf bag. Ho-Fat • Paul Barber as Frederick • Emily Mortimer as Dakota Parker [5] Alternate poster and title for the movie The Fifty First State . The Lizard celebrates with a drink. The cocktail contains a chemical that becomes explosive when it reaches a certain temperature. Always kill you in the end. a policeman • Mac McDonald as Mr. McElroy is playing golf in front of the castle (filmed at Cholmondeley. this is the same chemical McElroy used in his earlier attempt to leave his employment with the Lizard. the naked McElroy walks away to the castle . as we see a putt fall in the hole. Davidson • Aaron Swartz as Mr. Saying you haven't seen anything yet. The dirty cop wants in on their deal with Iki or he will get DeSouza on charges of possession of a firearm. We are told that Dawn and DeSouza settled down together. This time the deal is interrupted by the Lizard. Meeting back up with McElroy and Dawn." Police arrive and arrest Kane who is lying.it's a placebo and the ingredients cancel each other out. The venue is the Liverpool vs. just as McElroy's cocktail. Indeed. as McElroy reveals the true nature of the drug . to say the least. who kills Iki and demands the formula to POS 51. in a private viewing box. The castle is the home of the McElroy clan. as the film ends and credits start to roll. Yuri • David Webber as Mr. "Drugs. Highway Patrol • Robert Jezek as Priest • Meat Loaf as The Lizard • Jake Abraham as Konokko • Michael Starke as Arthur. DeSouza. McElroy tells his caddie (a servant?) that the castle belonged to his ancestor's slave master and now it belongs to him. Kane interrupts the moment. All that can be said for the ensuing literal bloodbath is.A. half conscious on the floor. Cheshire) seen on the card pinned to the Lizards lab wall in the beginning of the film (the same card with the formula burned by McElroy in the skybox). Having made their escape the three divide the money. Reynolds as Mr. Then the credits are interrupted. being interviewed by Kane. covered in bloody bits of the Lizard. they contact Iki. DeSouza is in police custody. takes effect. making it the "most expensive candy" in the world."Elmo's in the house!" 227 Cast • Samuel L. Jones • Michael J. McElroy tells the Lizard that POS stands for Power of Suggestion. He arranges the time and the place. Escobar • Sonny Muslim as Boy in Plane • Barbara Barnes as Boy's Mother • Junix Inocian as Mr. Jackson as Elmo McElroy • Robert Carlyle as Felix DeSouza • Nigel Whitmey as L. letting Kane know.

suntimes. . Nelly. com/ apps/ pbcs. co. php). fifty-one times more hallucinogenic than acid. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. Retrieved 2010-10-04. "Woman on the verge" (http:/ / www. . IMDB. . . rottentomatoes. The 51st State (http:/ / www. calendarlive. fifty-one times more explosive than ecstasy. [9] "Formula 51" (http:/ / rogerebert. The Los Angeles Times. the film was renamed Formula 51. com/ m/ formula_51/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes "The 51st State" (http:/ / www.[1] [2] Soundtrack The soundtrack featured popular artists such as PJ Harvey.htm) at Box Office Mojo The 51st State (http://www. .allmovie. Guardian."[3] Reception Critical response The film received a rating of 26% based on 101 reviews on Rotten Tomatoes. htm). com/ title/ tt0227984/ soundtrack). Run DMC. . .boxofficemojo. Daily Mail. story).[10] References "Formula 51 .com/movies/?id=formula51. which the film centres around — that is apparently "fifty-one times more powerful than cocaine. Chicago Sun Times.Box Office Data" (http:/ / www.''The 51st State'' 228 Casting The DVD commentary reveals that the script was originally written with Laurence Fishburne in mind.rottentomatoes. [8] "Formula 51" (http:/ / www. Both names reference the drug — POS 51.7664436. and Stephen Day. com/ movies/ 2002/ FOR51. Release For its US release. Retrieved 2010-10-04.com/movies/formula51/) Formula 51 (http://www. sometime before Samuel L. com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-et-capsules18oct18. [10] "Soundtracks for The 51st State" (http:/ / www.com. imdb. imdb. Retrieved 2010-10-04.0. dll/ article?AID=/ 20021018/ REVIEWS/ 210180304). Formula 51 (http:/ / www.metacritic. uk/ tvshowbiz/ article-89169/ The-51st-State-Cert-18.com/film/titles/formula51) at Metacritic Formula 51 (http://www. dailymail. .com/m/formula_51/) at Rotten Tomatoes .com/title/tt0227984/) at the Internet Movie Database Formula 51 (http://www. com/ title/ tt0227984/ ) at the Internet Movie Database "Focus Film UK" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-10-04. Amazon. boxofficemojo. "Formula 51" (http:/ / www. guardian. html). Jackson became a star. the-numbers. com/ movies/ ?id=formula51. uk/ film/ 2001/ dec/ 02/ features.imdb.[6] [7] [8] [9] Box office The film earned almost $15 million worldwide against a budget of $27 million.sonypictures. magazine). co.com/work/259134) at Allmovie Formula 51 (http://www. imdb. com/ company/ co0137973/ ).

382 xXx: State of the Union xXx. a thrill seeking extreme sports enthusiast. 2002 124 minutes United States English $70 million $277. stuntman and rebellious anarchist turned reluctant spy for the National Security .448.''xXx'' 229 xXx xXx Film poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Rob Cohen Neal H. pronounced "Triple X". Moritz Rich Wilkes • • • • • Vin Diesel Asia Argento Marton Csokas Samuel L. is a 2002 action film starring Vin Diesel in the lead role as Xander Cage. Jackson William Hope Music by Randy Edelman Cinematography Dean Semler Editing by • • • • • Chris Lebenzon Joel Negron Paul Rubell Revolution Studios Original Film Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Followed by Columbia Pictures August 9.

learns that Ahab is equipped with a device designed to travel to highly populated areas where it can deploy its biological missiles and continue on its world-ending journey by submerging in the ocean. Xander finds himself drawn to Yorgi's apparent girlfriend Yelena (Asia Argento). with Yelena acting as a double agent. As the drug lord begins to use torture tactics. he is captured by camouflaged NSA agents.Xander having exposed him as a spy during the initial infiltration attempt and subsequently shooting him with fake bullets to gain Yorgi's trust . and indeed all political ideologies. Then. since conventional NSA agents are too obvious to the ex-military Anarchy 99. He grudgingly chooses government employment. Xander. and Cage. After killing millions the chemicals are designed to harmlessly disperse in water. The film received mixed reviews but was a financial success for the studios. (Vin Diesel). Leila Arcieri. both left wing and right wing. the cartel leader (Danny Trejo) arrives and attempts to interrogate the three who. bringing civilization to an anarchic end and destroying the system that killed so many of Anarchy 99's old military comrades for no reason. However.448. Anarchy 99 turns out to be a terrorist faction. he notices things are out of place and is not surprised during a fake robbery attempt. Cage tells Gibbons that he's not interested in this "test" and is once again tranquilized as he attempts to leave. but she reveals that she is an abandoned agent of the Russian intelligence agency. Xander Cage. unaware of Yorgi's ultimate plans. As he groggily tries to familiarize himself with his surroundings. Later. are dumped in Colombia and taken captive by a Colombian drug cartel after stumbling upon a cocaine plantation. along with the others. believing the scene to be another NSA setup. Cage realizes that this scenario is real and frees himself and the others as the Colombian Army raid the plantation. The chemical weapon is referred to as "Silent Night". which Yorgi and . Gibbons arrives and mentions that exposing the Colombian drug cartel was another part of the test. with a propensity for rebellious behavior. Marines C-123 cargo plane along with two other criminal types similar to Cage. xXx goes undercover in the Czech Republic in order to find out more about "Anarchy 99" and in particular their leader Yorgi (Marton Csokas). Xander is then given a choice by Gibbons: work for him or serve a lengthy prison term for his misdeeds. 230 Plot An NSA agent on a mission infiltrates a concert where Rammstein is performing only to be killed by Anarchy 99. Cage wakes up in a diner. is a law-breaking extreme sports enthusiast. Michael Roof. Silent Night is made of everyday chemicals that in combination are lethal. The plane's cargo door opens. An agent-turned-criminal Milan Sova (Richy Müller). The next morning. grossing US$277. William Hope. Xander arranges an operation with the Czech special forces to raid the remote castle.that he defects in support of Yorgi. Jackson. As Cage attempts to escape. Cage later wakes up in the payload of a U. Asia Argento. and the formula has been missing since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. planning a series of chemical weapons attacks on major world cities by utilizing a high speed automated sea-faring and river-faring drone named Ahab. xXx also stars Samuel L. and Yelena is forced to kill him. Fitting righĀt into the dark yet lavish and tempting underworld inhabited by the group. finds Xander's methods so extreme . NSA operative Augustus Gibbons (Samuel L. Marton Csokas. a Russian ex-soldier who has a grudge against authority and society in general. the Federal Security Bureau. Yorgi's ultimate aim is cause chaos and lawlessness across the entire world.''xXx'' Agency who is sent on a dangerous mission to infiltrate a group of potential terrorists in Eastern Europe.382 worldwide.S. After crashing California senator Dick Hotchkiss' Corvette. Gibbons informs him that the whole scenario was part of a test and that he passed. and he negotiates a political asylum deal with Gibbons to save and secure a new life for her in America. Tom Everett and Danny Trejo. jokingly refuse to cooperate. Jackson) gets the OK to run a project to find the right person to infiltrate Anarchy 99. a rebellious Eastern European underground group. Gibbons feels that a more brutal style of agent is called for in this instance to escape detection. Cage's hideout is raided during a party by a SWAT Team and he is tranquilized. After losing the third agent assigned to the mission. in response to the senator championing a cause to ban all controversial video games and music. After Cage quickly foils the "robbery".

• Michael Roof as Agent Toby Lee Shavers. Xander and Yelena go after them. and parasails onto Ahab as it speeds down the Vltava River towards Prague. xXx is also hunted by the authorities and he is offered a deal to become a spy for the National Security Agency in exchange for leniency. Soon. a conservative California State Senator. 231 Cast • Vin Diesel as Xander Cage. his sniper. He uses this fact as leverage to recruit xXx for a mission he knows xXx is the only person with the possibility of succeeding. • Danny Trejo as El Jefe. Cage ignores this as he and Yelena go for a swim. and society in general.''xXx'' Anarchy 99 have been using as their base and laboratory. Yorgi's apparent girlfriend.J. Yorgi is also the leader of Anarchy 99. Yelena becomes romantically involved with xXx and he attempts to get her political asylum in the United States for her assistance in bringing down Yorgi. • Asia Argento as Yelena. the "Gibbons Test". his car is stolen in xXx prior to his recruitment by the NSA as a protest against some of Hotchkiss's policies. a member of Anarchy 99. Idolized in some sub-cultures. capital of the Czech Republic. Xander is then captured.& Xander kills Kirill using a heat seeking rocket. now a wealthy hedonist owning a string of locations around Eastern Europe. a member of Anarchy 99. as "something else has come up". and close friend of Yorgi. She was originally an Russian intelligence agent. Yorgi is a former soldier in the army of the Soviet Union. the Czech police arrive. NSA techno-genius and gadget specialist. he has passed "The Test". Jackson as Augustus Gibbons. After Xander shoots and kills Yorgi. His ultimate aim is complete lawlessness across the world. Cage is a thrill seeking American extreme sports enthusiast. and in the chaos Yorgi and Kirill. He is usually with Yorgi wherever he goes. • Richy Müller as Milan Sova. which was caused ironically by Kirill's habit of smoking. torturer for a Colombian drug cartel • Thomas Ian Griffith as Agent Jim McGrath • Eve as J.infiltrating Anarchy 99-. a criminal and double agent • Werner Daehn as Kirill. the agency requiring an agent who can do the current job without the military professional training that Anarchy 99's background will allow them to recognise. Xander finally destroys the drone and the chemicals onboard as he quips. a group of militant anarchists with a disdain for all forms of government and authority. escape. "Welcome To The Xander Zone!" The film ends with Xander on vacation with Yelena in Bora Bora as agent Gibbons jokingly informs him that because of his actions. • Leila Arcieri as Jordan King • Rammstein as themselves . a high ranking official in the National Security Agency who has the power to give xXx a pardon for his crimes. cigarette addict and rifle sharpshooter • Petr Jákl as Kolya. • Samuel L. recognising the benefits of xXx's rebellious attitude and unorthodox methods. • Tom Everett as Senator Dick Hotchkiss. He also says that he needs him for another assignment. Yorgi's younger brother • Jan Pavel Filipensky as Viktor. sent to watch over Yorgi but has since been abandoned by her superiors. including a castle and nightclubs. he speeds along winding roads in a previously acquired Pontiac GTO. • William Hope as Agent Roger Donnan. the Associate and Addministrator of the National Security Agency • Marton Csokas as Yorgi. also known by his nickname "triple X". blowing up the mansion. stuntman and anti-establishment activist. with a population of well over a million.

The final scenes were set in Bora Bora. although he notes his personal disdain for. These include extreme sport subcultures. in reference to styles of dress typically worn in James Bond films.''xXx'' 232 Notable cameos To imply Xander Cage's credibility within extreme sport subcultures. Also in the party scene.he never turns around. Orbital and Moby. In a deleted scene when Xander Cage is on a plane one of the other passengers can be clearly heard listening to the first race from Vin Diesel's 2001 film The Fast and the Furious. he hit a bridge at high speed and was killed instantly. (near the beginning of the film) and skating over a half-pipe at Xander's place later. makes a cameo appearance . The Corvette jump was filmed at the Foresthill Bridge in Auburn State Recreation Area. It was released on August 6. The same clip is available. was chosen to contrast against James Bond's fondness for martinis and champagne. and a rejection of traditional spy-film clichés. He also explained that the antagonist. Lil' Wayne. was killed in an accident during filming. His death was caught on film. and some artists of different genres such as Nelly. The band Rammstein appears near the beginning of the film while the band Orbital appears later on in the film during the night club/rave sequence. Themes Various concepts and themes influenced the production of the film and are alluded to throughout the plot. but his suicide king of hearts tattoo can be seen on his back. When O'Connor failed to rappel down the line fast enough.[2] Soundtrack The film featured a contemporary rock music soundtrack. and displays certain misconceptions of.E. as she is acting as his agent. #16 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums and #1 on the Top Soundtracks. Also during the party scene Josh Todd. female rapper Eve is seen talking with him.[1] Production Filming of the movie took place at three locations. and was intended to act as a foil to Xander Cage's youthful rebelliousness. Czech Republic. 2002 through Universal Records. O'Connor. California. and director Rob Cohen decided to include the footage of the scene with the final moments edited out — out of respect for the stuntman's final act. but from the band's perspective (with only brief scenes from the film) in their video compilation Lichtspielhaus. in a scene in which he was supposed to rappel down a parasailing line and land on a submarine. The first few minutes of the film take place in a Rammstein concert in Prague. the lead singer of Buckcherry. mostly featuring heavy metal. and rider Matt Hoffman exchanges lines with Xander during the party scene. Hatebreed and others. Diesel's stunt double. Xander Cage's drink of choice. Yorgi. the political philosophy. The soundtrack album also features Queens of the Stone Age. Most of the film is set in Prague. It peaked at #9 on the Billboard 200. Pro motocross rider Carey Hart is seen in the back seat of the Cadillac driven by Tony Hawk. a non-alcoholic mix of cranberry juice and club soda. . Auburn. and other areas in French Polynesia. various personalities make cameo appearances. Tahiti. N. anarchism.D. Tony Hawk makes a cameo appearance in the Corvette scene from the bottom of the bridge driving the getaway Cadillac. though Cohen denied that this was meant to be a derogatory attack on such films. Harry L. Mike Vallely also makes a cameo as a cameraman and an extra. was designed as a stereotypical anarchist.R. Drowning Pool. The opening scene of the film was referred to by Cohen as "The Death of The Tuxedo". Rammstein provided some of the music and even featured in the film in one scene.

Some of these include additional scenes that foreshadowed Xander as a hero.''xXx'' 233 Reception xXx received mixed reviews. Connolly as Lt.[5] The sequel was also a disastrous financial failure. making less than half of what was expected compared to the original film.[7] According to Cohen.[4] Director's cut The Director's Cut DVD of xXx was released on April 19.339. Joe Roth is in talks to produce. So we'll do another Xander Cage XXX. We'll bring it up to speed a bit and bring back the extreme sports guy who's drafted to be a spy. ten days before the sequel xXx: State of the Union was released in cinemas. and there were notable differences in both style (less emphasis on extreme sports) and music (rock music was replaced with hip hop and rap).204. Sequel The film was followed by a very poorly received sequel in 2005.[6] Although as yet the script is to be completed. xXx: State of the Union currently has a very poor rating of 16% on Rotten Tomatoes. it was revealed that the third film will be financed by Paramount Pictures instead of Sony. as the man behind the attack on Xander Cage. for example. Rob Cohen.000 with a North American gross of $142.[9] In April 2010. nor xXx creator Rich Wilkes were involved in the sequel. xXx: The Return of Xander Cage Although the character of Xander Cage was supposedly killed in the sequel to explain his absence. one of the villains from the sequel xXx: State of the Union. He was forced out to direct the action film Medieval.8/10. In the short film Xander Cage is played by Vin Diesel's stunt double Khristian Lupo (who never shows his face or speaks) while reusing some lines spoken by Vin Diesel. and deleted scenes of xXx previously unseen. There were also sneak peeks at the sequel. and also a longer stripper-in-the-bedroom sequence.382 and $135. . and John G.000. 2009. SlashFilm announced that Ericson Core will be directing and production will start in early 2010. Neither Vin Diesel. Diesel has said that the style and music will also be similar to that of the original film. entitled xXx: The Return of Xander Cage."[8] On June 10. The Final Chapter: The Death of Xander Cage In addition to the deleted scenes on the Director's Cut of xXx. Rob Cohen. 2009.016. the DVD also contains an extra titled The Final Chapter: The Death of Xander Cage.000 in other territories. Colonel Alabama "Bama" Cobb.109. starring the rapper Ice Cube and directed by Lee Tamahori. he has also approached Sony.[3] It was a financial success. entitled xXx: State of the Union. with an average score of 5. the character apparently survived as Vin Diesel has announced that he will be returning as Xander Cage in a second sequel. 2005. with an emphasis on extreme stunts and with a heavy metal soundtrack. making its total worldwide gross $267. The film's box office surpassed its budget of US$70. Diesel has agreed to return and so has the director of xXx. a four minute short film that attempts to tie up some loose ends about the Xander Cage character by showing his supposed gory demise. and will also be shot in 3D. more of what the fans want. On August 26. Cohen dropped out again for the second time. which is slated for release in summer 2011. The Director's Cut of xXx featured new artwork. and "now we're writing a script with the guys who wrote Terminator 3 and Terminator Salvation. It also features Leila Arcieri as Jordan King from the first film. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 48% of the critics gave the film positive reviews based on a sample of 174 reviews.

"Columbia revs up another 'XXX'" (http:/ / www. he misclassified it as a "Russian philosophy.org/movie_295701-xXx. variety. ign. com/ 2009/ 08/ 26/ xxx-the-return-of-xander-cage-finds-a-new-director/ ) External links • • • • xXx (http://www.''xXx'' 234 References [1] Director Rob Cohen makes various comments attesting to themes which played part within the film making process in an audio commentary track for the DVD release.com/film/titles/xxx) at Metacritic • xXx (http://www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ xxx2_state_of_the_union/ [6] Rob Cohen Speaks on XXX: The Return of Xander Cage (http:/ / celebrifi. Retrieved January 10.metacritic. Retrieved January 10.com/work/260394) at Allmovie xXx (http://www. Variety. rottentomatoes. [8] Cohen Talks XXX3 (http:/ / uk. boxofficemojo.htm) at Box Office Mojo ." and denounces it.html) at the Internet Movie Cars Database xXx (http://www. com/ gossip/ Rob-Cohen-Speaks-on-XXX-The-Return-of-Xander-Cage-413126. . html) [9] (http:/ / www. 2010. Box Office Mojo.com/m/xxx/) at Rotten Tomatoes • xXx (http://www. [2] On the DVD's director's commentary track.com/movies/?id=xxx.rottentomatoes. com/ articles/ 937/ 937738p1. com/ movies/ ?id=xxx. Rotten Tomatoes.imcdb. [3] "XXX (2002)" (http:/ / www.com/title/tt0295701/) at the Internet Movie Database xXx (http://www. movies. Rob Cohen commented on his decision to include the edited footage of O'Connor's death in the final cut of the film. [4] "XXX (2002)" (http:/ / www. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). slashfilm. . html) [7] Fleming. 2008). com/ article/ VR1117992178. .allmovie.imdb. htm).boxofficemojo. Michael (September 14. In an attempt to describe Anarchism for the audience. com/ m/ xxx/ ). 2010. [5] http:/ / www.

Jackson Christopher Lee Temuera Morrison Ian McDiarmid John Williams Music by Cinematography David Tattersall Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Ben Burtt Lucasfilm 20th Century Fox May 16.328 . 2002 142 minutes United States English $120 million Worldwide: [1] $649.398.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' 235 Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Story by Starring George Lucas Rick McCallum George Lucas George Lucas Jonathan Hales George Lucas Ewan McGregor Natalie Portman Hayden Christensen Samuel L.

to return to Coruscant to vote on the matter. In defiance of Obi-Wan's orders. Padmé. Returning to the Jedi Temple. Released on May 16. Yoda reveals that such a thing could only have been done by a Jedi. The script went through further drafts. and she dies in his arms. Italy and Tunisia. The Republic contemplates creating an army to assist the Jedi. It is the fifth film to be released in the Star Wars saga and the second in terms of internal chronology. relishes the opportunity to spend time with her. 20-year-old Jedi apprentice Anakin Skywalker is assigned to protect her. A sequel. when the galaxy is on the brink of civil war. the Clone Wars. Obi-Wan tries to capture Jango after deducing that he is the killer he has been looking for. Anakin. Lucas completed the draft of the film in March 2000. where he discovers that an army of clone troopers is being secretly produced for the Republic. and he tracks Jango and his son Boba to the planet Geonosis after they escape from Kamino. although Obi-Wan and Anakin foil the plot and subdue the assassin. former Queen of Naboo. 2002. After the release of The Phantom Menace. Despited mixed to positive reviews from critics. Filming took place in Australia with additional locations in Spain. it became the first Star Wars film to be internationally out-grossed during 2002. who has fallen in love with Padmé. who comforts him. Supreme Chancellor Palpatine assigns Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi and his apprentice Anakin Skywalker to protect her. suggesting that a conspiracy is afoot. while Anakin is assigned to escort and accompany Senator Amidala to her home planet of Naboo. has grown troubled with recurring nightmares about his mother Shmi in grave danger.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' Preceded by Followed by Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith 236 Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones is a 2002 American epic space opera film directed by George Lucas and written by Lucas and Jonathan Hales. Anakin. Succumbing to a murderous rage. In investigating the remote ocean planet of Kamino. she narrowly escapes an assassination attempt. It received nominations at the 75th Academy Awards and at the 23rd Golden Raspberry Awards. Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith was released in 2005. and the Galactic Republic is in turmoil. Anakin. and Lucas hired Hales to finish writing the final draft of the script before principal photography began. When an assassination attempt is made on Senator Padmé Amidala. Attack of the Clones was the first motion picture to be shot completely on a high definition digital 24-frame system. another attempt is made on the Senator's life. while his mentor Obi-Wan Kenobi is assigned to investigate the assassination attempt. who is murdered by her mysterious employer as she is about to reveal vital information. Soon. Obi-Wan heads to Kamino. Anakin tearfully confesses his crime to Padmé. Anakin convinces Padmé to accompany him to Tatooine to save his mother. Obi-Wan discovers that it has been removed from the navigation maps of the Jedi archives. There he finds her mortally injured by Tusken Raiders. using a bounty hunter named Jango Fett as their genetic template. After burying his mother. That night. Anakin massacres the entire Tusken tribe. Upon her arrival. and lasted from June to September 2000. Former Jedi Master Count Dooku has organized a Separatist movement against the Republic. making it difficult for the Jedi to maintain the peace. prompting Senator Padmé Amidala. Obi-Wan is assigned to investigate the identity of the assassin's killer. thousands of planetary systems threaten to secede from the Galactic Republic. meanwhile. along with R4-P17. Plot Ten years have passed since the invasion of Naboo. and Obi-Wan are drawn into the heart of the Separatist territories and the beginning of a new threat to the galaxy. he left her behind on Tatooine when he set off to become a Jedi. although Padmé resists her feelings toward him. The murder weapon is discovered to be a poisonous dart manufactured on the planet Kamino. Under the leadership of a renegade Jedi named Count Dooku. which received mixed reviews from critics. . as it goes against the morality of their respective careers as a Jedi and a senator. of which it received the awards for Worst Screenplay and Worst Supporting Actor. The film is set 10 years after the events in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. the former Queen of Naboo.

Obi-Wan and Anakin corner him in a hangar and engage him in a lightsaber duel. Yoda engages Dooku in a duel until Dooku escapes. but he outmatches and defeats them with his mastery of the dark side of the Force. • Frank Oz voices Yoda: A Jedi Grand Master of an unknown species. He is believed to be the "chosen one" of Jedi prophecy destined "to bring balance to the Force. Meanwhile. Chancellor Palpatine oversees the launching of massive clone trooper forces. who has recently been elected the planet's Senator. who is created from his "father"'s DNA. but manage to survive until Jedi Master Mace Windu arrives with a team of Jedi to assist them. Ewan McGregor (left) as Obi-Wan Kenobi and Hayden Christensen (right) as Anakin Skywalker in Attack of the Clones. on Coruscant. and that the Separatists are developing a new battle droid army. Preparing for what could be their final moments alive. . Anakin and Padmé are captured and sentenced to death along with Obi-Wan. Padmé finally confesses her own feelings for Anakin. The three are pitted against savage beasts. in which most of the Jedi are slain. In addition to sitting on the Jedi Council. who investigates the assassination attempt of Padmé which led him to discover the makings of a Clone Army. In addition to his wage. Dooku reveals that the Republic is in fact controlled by a Sith Lord named Darth Sidious. • Hayden Christensen as Anakin Skywalker: Obi-Wan's gifted padawan apprentice." • Ian McDiarmid as Chancellor Palpatine: A former Galactic Senator from Naboo. who transmits it to the Jedi Council. engaging and killing Jango in a brief battle. While Anakin and Padmé head to Geonosis to rescue Obi-Wan. often seen on missions with Anakin and Obi-Wan. After a heated struggle. Obi-Wan relays this information via hologram to Anakin. • Natalie Portman as Senator Padmé Amidala: Former Queen of Naboo. taking the plans for a new "ultimate weapon" to his Sith master. • Samuel L. Jackson as Mace Windu: A Jedi Master sitting on the Jedi Council who warily watches the Galactic Senate's politics. • Anthony Daniels as C-3PO: A protocol droid for the Lars homestead. As a large battle erupts between the Republic's clone army and the Separatist's droid forces. Anakin (with a new cybernetic arm) and Padmé marry clandestinely on Naboo. The Jedi are now uncertain of what will become of the Republic. Obi-Wan learns that Count Dooku authorized the assassination attempt on Padmé. Obi-Wan is captured mid-transmission. however. Chancellor Palpatine is granted emergency powers to organize the clone army and send them into battle. Shortly after arriving on Geonosis. While he holds Obi-Wan hostage. he requested an unaltered clone for himself to take as his son — Boba Fett. Yoda is the instructor for the young Jedi padawans. Sidious. Anakin Skywalker. 237 Cast • Ewan McGregor as Obi-Wan Kenobi: A Jedi Knight and mentor to his padawan learner. • Christopher Lee as Count Dooku: A former Jedi Master who is now leader of the Separatist movement as Darth Tyranus. and a suspect in Obi-Wan's investigation. who amasses vast emergency powers upon the outbreak of the Clone Wars. • Kenny Baker as R2-D2: An astro-droid.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' On Geonosis. severing Anakin's arm in the process. now that the Clone Wars have begun. Yoda arrives with the clone army and rescues the survivors of the battle. Count Dooku attempts to escape. with droids C-3PO and R2-D2 as witnesses. • Daniel Logan as Boba Fett: Jango Fett's clone and adopted son. • Temuera Morrison as Jango Fett: A former bounty hunter who gave his DNA for use by the cloning facilities on Kamino for the creation of the clone army.

played by an uncredited David Healey and voiced by Christopher Truswell. They were subsequently cut out of the film in post-production.[9] [10] he later came up with an alternate concept of an army of clone shocktroopers from a remote planet which were used by the Republic as an army in the war that followed. He could simultaneously be scary and really young. developed by Sony and Panavision. The final script was completed just one week before the start of principal photography.[11] Filming Principal photography occurred between June 26.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' • Leeanna Walsman as Zam Wesell: A bounty hunter and partner of Jango Fett. Spain. effectively moving Hollywood into the "digital age" with the use of the HDW-F900. Attack of the Clones furthered technological development. at the Plaza de España in Seville.[4] and Paul Walker. a new action sequence was developed featuring the droid factory after Lucas had decided that the film lacked a quick enough pace in the corresponding time-frame. just three months before the start of principal photography. Although her appearance is human. who is given the task of assassinating Senator Amidala. the film's "working title" was Jar Jar's Big Adventure.[2] The end credits erroneously list Alan Ruscoe as playing Neimoidian senator Lott Dod. Lucas continued to iterate on his rough draft. but had limited experience writing theatrical films. who had written several episodes of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles for him. Ki-Adi-Mundi is a Jedi Master who is a member of the Jedi Council. but was "definitely unavailable" according to DiCaprio publicist Ken Sunshine. As an in-joke. Lucas brought on Jonathan Hales. which would later become the shooting script. In March 2000. and in the former royal Palace of Caserta. Samuel L. mostly unknown. Ryan Phillippe. Lucas finally completed his rough draft for Episode II. before casting Christensen. as opposed to traditional blue and green for "good guys" and red for "bad guys. producing a proper first and second draft. 2000 and September 20.[6] Co-star Natalie Portman later told Time magazine that Christensen "gave a great reading. a sarcastic reference to the negative fan response to the Episode I character. For help with the third draft. and the live-action footage was shot within four and a half hours. A large search for the new Anakin Skywalker was performed across the United States. • Silas Carson as Nute Gunray and Ki-Adi-Mundi: Gunray is the Viceroy of the Trade Federation.[3] Colin Hanks. At his own personal request. Lucas initially decided that Lando Calrissian was a clone and came from a planet of clones which caused the "Clone Wars" mentioned by Kenobi in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. she is actually a shapeshifter. The sequence's previsualization was rushed. Lucas was hesitant to return to the writing desk. 2000 at 20th Century Fox Studios in Australia."[12] Reshoots were performed in March 2001. in Italy at the Villa del Balbianello on Lake Como. Jackson's character Mace Windu received a lightsaber that emitted an amethyst glow."[7] 238 Production Writing After the mixed critical response to The Phantom Menace. He attempted to assassinate Senator Amidala as revenge for his loss against her people on Naboo.[8] In writing Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. The character was actually another Neimodian. During this time. a digital .[5] Leonardo DiCaprio also met with Lucas for the role.[13] Because of Lucas' method of creating shots through various departments and sources that are sometimes miles and years apart from each other. • Ahmed Best as Senator Jar Jar Binks: A Gungan whom Padmé appoints Representative of Naboo. in order to satisfy his daughters. Location shooting took place in the Tunisian desert. E! Online reported that Lucas had allowed 'N Sync to film a small background cameo appearance. Attack of the Clones became the first film ever to be produced through what Rick McCallum called "virtual filmmaking. Lucas auditioned various actors."[13] Like The Phantom Menace. Among the many established actors who auditioned were Jonathan Brandis.

It also furthered the authenticity of computer-generated characters by introducing a new. props. Attack of the Clones became the third film to be released that was shot entirely on a 24p digital camera (preceded by 2001's Jackpot and Vidocq).[16] 239 Effects The film relied almost solely on digital animatics as opposed to storyboards in order to previsualize sequences for editing early on in the film's production. his main piece of advice was that Yoda should look extremely old. The intent was to create a number of small events that would be edited together for pacing inside the finished film. production assistants and relatives of the department workers acted out scenes in front of greenscreen. and frigid. Lucas had stated that he wished to film The Phantom Menace on this format but Sony was unable to build the cameras quickly enough. the Battle of Geonosis was not storyboarded or created through videomatics but was sent straight to animatics after the department received a small vague page on the sequence. the camera would still run without complications. The animatic was later brought on set and shown to the actors so that they could understand the concept of the scene they were filming in the midst of large amount of bluescreen used. it wouldn't look like Yoda.[13] In addition to introducing the digital camera." so called because they were shot on a household videocamera. in which the videomatic actors. 80-year-old . Attack of the Clones emphasized "digital doubles" as computer-generated models that doubled for actors. by saying. after The Phantom Menace the decision was made to take advantage of the growing digital technology. "When Frank [Oz] would move the head. Lucas repeatedly stated to the animation department that "the trick" to the animation of the CGI Yoda was to make him like the puppet from which he was based. In these videomatics. Yoda's appearance in Empire also served as the reference point for the creation of the CGI Yoda. Burtt then cut together this footage and sent it off to Lucas for changes and approval. the previsualization department later filled in the green screen with rough background footage. completely CGI-created version of the character Yoda. In contrast to previous installments. The animatics department was given a free hand regarding events to be created within the animatic. the puppet version. While Lucas had used other ways of producing motion-based storyboards in the past.[13] The process began with Ben Burtt's creation of what the department dubbed as "videomatics. the ears would jiggle. Rob Coleman and John Knoll prepared two tests featuring a CGI-animated Yoda using audio from The Empire Strikes Back. and sets were replaced by digital counterparts to give a more precise. Frank Oz (voice and puppeteer for Yoda in the original trilogy and The Phantom Menace) was consulted. Unlike most of the action sequences. for which scenes were shot in the Tunisian desert in temperatures up to 125 °F (51 °C). This spawned controversy over the benefits and disadvantages of digital cinematography that continue as more filmmakers "convert" to digital filmmaking while many filmmakers oppose it. Lucas only asked for good action shots that he could choose from and approve later.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' camera using an HD digital 24 frame system. If we hadn't put that in. The result was a rough example of what the final product was intended to be.[14] In 2002. but still rough. in order to maintain a flow of continuity. sore."[18] Because of the acrobatics of the lightsaber fight between Count Dooku and Yoda. in the same way that traditional stunt doubles did.[15] Despite Lucas' efforts to persuade movie theaters to switch to digital projectors for better viewing of Episode II.[17] The final computer-generated Yoda as seen in the Coleman later explained the process of making the digital Yoda like film. Using computer-generated imagery (CGI). The previsualization department then created a finer version of the videomatic by creating an animatic. look at what would eventually be seen. few theaters did.

2002 by Sony Classical. who would later catch Solo in the act in Empire.[24] War journalism.[22] Themes Lucas has noted that Palpatine's rise to power is very similar to that of Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany. A Target-exclusive CD included a 14th track as a bonus track. the latter was granted "emergency powers". Empire is the object of the most references in Attack of the Clones.[21] The CD originally shipped with a bonus PC screensaver. and battles.[25] The prequel trilogy films often refer to the original trilogy in order to help connect the films together. Four different soundtrack covers. awaiting execution. were distributed at the time: one featuring Yoda. John Knoll confirms on the film's DVD commentary that Boba Fett.[17] 240 Music The soundtrack to the film was released on April 23. As a retcon. and performed by the London Voices and London Symphony Orchestra.[26] Such examples include the now-famous line of "I have a bad feeling about this. The Empire Strikes Back was the middle film in a trilogy. a third featuring Jango Fett. "learned his lesson" from the events of . therefore.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' Christopher Lee relied on a stunt double to perform the most demanding scenes instead.[24] Some have drawn parallels to the American Civil War. Obi-Wan." The name of the government Army. even to the point that hand-held shakes were digitally added to computer generated sequences. and Padmé are sentenced to be executed in this method. Lucas has often referred to the films as a long poem that rhymes. an asteroid field is the backdrop of a major star battle in the middle of the film. another featuring Anakin and Padmé. the Geonosians have their own style of capital punishment. and footage of World War II combat influenced the documentary style camera work of the Battle of Geonosis. even though a hint of it appeared in the previous movie in one of the final scenes. combat films. Han Solo uses a similar tactic by attaching the Millennium Falcon to a Star Destroyer in Empire. Lucas often called the duel crucial to the animation department. Obi-Wan Kenobi escapes Jango Fett by attaching his spacecraft to an asteroid in order to disappear from the enemy sensors. Lee's face was superimposed onto the double's body in all shots other than closeups. namely lightsaber duels. A music video for the main theme "Across the Stars" was produced specifically for the DVD. the official name of the Separatist group is the "Confederacy of Independent Systems.[19] The music was composed and conducted by John Williams. Anakin. This scene was influenced by an execution method employed by the ancient Romans at the Colosseum where lions and other dangerous predatory animals were permitted to have their way with condemned prisoners. As with Attack of the Clones. each sold separately. Octavian was responsible for the deaths of hundreds of political opponents well before he was granted tribunician powers. Clone troopers march onto their starships." is the same in both Star Wars and the American Civil War. and the fourth featuring the film's final poster art. In both films. the first emperor of Rome — and to Napoleon Bonaparte. that almost always occur over a pit.[23] Comparisons have been made to Octavian — who became Augustus. likening the Separatists to the Confederate States of America." a phrase used in each film.[24] In the film. as is Palpatine. the "Grand Army of the Republic. which is carried out in bloody fashion by assorted carnivorous beasts. which he performed himself. Bonaparte was appointed First Consul for life (and later Emperor) by the French Consulate after a failed attempt on his life and the subsequent coup of 18 Brumaire in 1799. who rose to power in France from 1796 to 1799. The scene depicting this method takes place in the Geonosian arena with the condemned chained to a pole. as it had such potential to be humorous rather than dramatic. of the original trilogy films. as Chancellor of Germany.[20] The soundtrack recreates the "Imperial March" from the film Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back for its first chronological appearance in Attack of the Clones. and both Palpatine and President Abraham Lincoln took extensive war powers and suspended many civil rights.

''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' Attack of the Clones. Gray & Christmas from Chicago predicted that U.[31] In addition.[37] Roger Ebert. there was a string of controversies regarding piracy. "Why do I get the feeling you're going to be the death of me?" This is an allusion to Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope where Anakin.[40] In contrast. the film also received seven nominations from the Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Picture. an edited. 120-minute version of the film was presented. 241 Release After a teaser trailer premiered with the film Monsters Inc. The scheme was subsequently reported to Lucasfilm Ltd.[30] Before the film's release. 2002. In 2000. similar to when Darth Vader cut off Luke Skywalker's hand in Empire.[32] Reception Attack of the Clones received generally mixed to positive reviews. In following suit with the previous installments in the series. and analysts predicted up to a million fans would have seen the film before the day of its release. John Knoll. Western Australia offered a copy of the screenplay. Also. the film received a 66% favorable rating."[35] The acting (particularly by Christensen and Portman) was also disparaged by some critics. Count Dooku cuts off Anakin's arm. however.. 2002 between Malcolm in the Middle and The X-Files.S.Net. an underground organization calling itself the Atlas Group." He did.[38] Natalie Portman was also honored at the Teen Choice Awards. This copy spread over the internet. especially with respect to the relationship between Padmé and Anakin. Additionally. as Darth Vader. but criticism of the more traditional dramatic elements. authorities seized thousands of bootlegs throughout Kuala Lumpur before the film opened. the Academy Awards presented Attack of the Clones with a nomination for Rob Coleman. other critics felt fans would be pleased to see that Jar Jar Binks plays only a minor role. The outplacement firm Challenger. describing the first half as too dialogue heavy and slow-paced. based in Perth. Jar Jar's attempts at comic relief seen in The Phantom Menace were toned down. awarded this edition only two out of four stars. with an asking price of US$100. C-3PO reprised some of his bumbling traditions in that role.000. using a digital recorder that was pointed at the screen. kills Obi-Wan aboard the Death Star.[23] In another scene. by the fan site.[34] Conversely. Because of the technical limitations of the IMAX projector. instead. who has praised all of the other Star Wars films.[28] Attack of the Clones was screened out of competition at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival.[34] Critics called the dialogue "stiff" and "flat. Obi-Wan asks Anakin. use the word in reference to the swordplay when comparing it to the climactic duel in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith as it neared release. A pirate copy was allegedly made at a private showing. such as character development and dialogue.[27] and was made available on the official Star Wars Web site the same day. while deriding the romantic sentiments of Anakin and Padme as clichéd. The film was also later released in IMAX theaters. and Ben Snow for Best Visual Effects at the 2003 Academy Awards.[29] before getting a worldwide theatrical release on May 16. Pablo Helman. a new trailer for the film aired on the Fox Network on March 10. to various fan sites and media organizations.[33] There was general admiration for the action sequences and special effects. including TheForce. Worst Director (George Lucas). Worst Screenplay (George Lucas). Despite reports.[39] and the film received an award for Best Fight at the MTV Movie Awards. companies could lose more than $319 million in productivity due to employees calling in sick and then heading to theaters to see the film. McGregor did not refer to the film as "unsatisfactory.[36] He in fact makes a motion in the Galactic Senate to grant Palpatine emergency powers—unknowingly assisting Palpatine's rise to power. the film had not been filmed for IMAX but was "up converted" with the digital remastering process. . On the Rotten Tomatoes review site.

the first (and only) time that a Star Wars film did not have this distinction.721.[44] The Attack of the Clones DVD also features a trailer for a mockumentary-style short film known as R2-D2: Beneath the Dome. a huge financial success that nevertheless was overshadowed by the even greater box-office success of Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace.S. editor and sound designer Ben Burtt.[42] 242 Box office The film grossed $310.[46] The Star Wars films are scheduled to be released on Blu-ray Disc in 2011. The story.[43] Home media Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones was released on DVD and VHS on November 12. Some stores offered the full mockumentary as an exclusive bonus disc for a small extra charge.[45] The DVD was re-released in a prequel trilogy box set on November 4.[50] and a novelization written by R. and a set of 12 short web documentaries cover the overall production of the film. The films will re-release in chronological order beginning with The Phantom Menace in late 2012. Attack of the Clones is scheduled to re-release in 3D in 2013. it was announced that all six films in the series will be stereo converted to 3D. producer Rick McCallum.588 overseas.[47] On January 6. which include a full-length documentary about the creation of digital characters and two others that focus on sound design and the animatics team. 2002. and love story. The DVD features an audio commentary from director George Lucas. George Lucas edited or added certain elements that make the DVD slightly different from its theatrical release. was meant to be humorous. Three featurettes examine the storyline. Adjusted for inflation. grossing film of the year.[1] It was not the top U. Eight deleted scenes are included along with multiple documentaries. 2011. and ILM visual effects supervisors Pablo Helman.[41] It took home two awards for Worst Screenplay (George Lucas) and Worst Supporting Actor (Hayden Christensen). 2008. The films that out-grossed it were Spider-Man. and The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers. which Lucas approved. all of which enjoyed a more favorable critical reception as well. The film gives an alternate look at the "life" of the droid R2-D2. action scenes. Worst Supporting Actress (Natalie Portman). Worst Screen Couple (Hayden Christensen and Natalie Portman) and Worst Remake or Sequel.[51] A four-issue comic book adaptation was written by Henry Gilroy and published by Dark Horse Comics.676. and Ben Snow.[49] Adaptations Two novels based on the movie were published.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' Worst Supporting Actor (Hayden Christensen). which includes some unique scenes. John Knoll. ILM animation director Rob Coleman.740 in the United States and $338. Salvatore.[48] 3D Re-release On September 28. 2010. A.[52] . Attack of the Clones is the lowest-performing Star Wars film at the North American box office. the release was announced for September 2011 in three different editions. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. a tie-in junior novel by Scholastic.

Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. archive. Time. html). [22] "Four Episode II Soundtrack Covers" (http:/ / www. "Reel change" (http:/ / film. [29] "Festival de Cannes: Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / www. Sony Music Classical. 2002-05-14. and Mrs. com/ music/ 89932/ ) on 2007-12-02. . Retrieved 2006-06-21.9363. .917542. 2002-05-15. 196) [10] (Kaminski v. Anne (2002). festival-cannes. IMDb. Joal (2000-04-04).com. Retrieved 2006-06-20. . .com. org/ web/ 20080213001032/ http:/ / www. sonyclassical. [19] "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?id=starwars2. com/ episode-ii/ release/ trailer/ 5. [4] Hiscock. org/ web/ 20080120133421/ http:/ / www. 2002). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [20] "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones . uk/ features/ featurepages/ 0.Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / www.00. [23] Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones DVD commentary featuring George Lucas. Vader"" (http:/ / www. imdb.Original Motion Picture Soundtrack" (http:/ / web. chass. bbc. [6] Ryan. html). [32] "Malaysian Clones Attack Star Wars" (http:/ / www. [8] (Kaminski 2007. . com/ news/ detail/ id/ 312150). [5] "Looking for Anakin" (http:/ / www. Jackson". theforce. CNN. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. net/ episode2/ story/ four_episode_ii_soundtrack_covers_68428. Jess (2002-04-29). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 2002-06-02. InterNetNews. . utoronto. Retrieved 2006-06-26. com/ News/ Items/ 0. guardian. Retrieved 2006-06-09. html) on 2008-02-13. 2002-03-01. ca/ ~anne/ clones. time.0 2007. "Colin Hanks rises in 'Untraceable'" (http:/ / www. com/ music/ 89932/ ).. cnn. MTV. [7] Cagle.com. Retrieved 2009-11-04. . Retrieved 2006-06-09. .1. mtv. starwars. starwars. [2002] [24] Lancashire. . html). Retrieved 2006-06-24. [2002] [14] Here We Go Again: The Digital Cinema Revolution Begins DVD Special Feature. . eonline. php/ 1120771). Starwars. Financial Express.9171.3. 158) [11] (Kaminski v. "'N Sync Cut from "Clones"?" (http:/ / web. 162) [12] "Samuel L. com/ news/ Malaysian-Clones-Attack-Star-Wars/ 46489/ ). The Official Star Wars Music Website.Net. . Retrieved 2006-06-21. financialexpress. eonline. BBC. . com/ News/ Items/ 0. John Knoll and Ben Snow. org/ web/ 20041023103030/ www. . [13] State of the Art: The Previsualization of Episode II DVD Special Feature. [2002] [15] "Disney To Roll Out Pearl Harbor Again This Week" (http:/ / www. [33] "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-07-01. hollywood. Retrieved 2008-07-01. [2002] [18] Cagle.9363. . TheForce. html). archive. html). html) on 2008-01-20. archive. net-monster. Retrieved 2008-07-01.3. Pablo Helman. rottentomatoes. com/ episode-ii/ release/ trailer/ 5. E! Online. asp). [25] "Star Wars: Episode II . boxofficemojo. The Dalhousie Review. html). starwarsthemusic. Retrieved 2006-06-15. [30] Starwars. p.com. Retrieved 2006-06-20. [16] Carus. Retrieved 2008-07-01. Inside the Actors Studio. Felicity (2003-03-20). [2] Armstrong. . com/ music/ star-wars-episode-ii-attack-of-the-clones). com/ 2008/ 03/ 27/ ryan-phillippe-recalls-missing-out-on-anakin-role-in-star-wars-prequels/ ). internetnews. 2002-05-15. thestar. com/ movie_starwars2. co. htm). 2002. 2008-03-27. [2001] [27] "World premiere of new "Star Wars: Episode II" trailer on March 10" (http:/ / www. uk/ films/ 2002/ 05/ 07/ looking_for_anakin_article. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 2001-08-28.00. 2002-05-07.1002326.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' 243 Notes [1] "Star Wars: Episode II .com. hollywood. Rick McCallum. festival-cannes. com/ m/ star_wars_episode_ii_attack_of_the_clones/ ). Canadian Edition: 53. archive. "Star Wars 'Clones' Showing Up On Web" (http:/ / www. John (2008-01-26)." Time Canadian Edition. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 3173338/ year/ 2002. [3] "Ryan Phillippe Recalls Missing Out On Anakin Role In 'Star Wars' Prequels" (http:/ / moviesblog.com article (http:/ / web. [17] From Puppets to Pixels: Digital Characters in Episode II DVD Special Feature. org/ web/ 20071202075936/ http:/ / www. 2002. .00. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0.1. . Bravo. com/ news/ ni0087768/ ). Mark (2002-01-10). Retrieved 2008-07-01. . Retrieved 2006-06-20. 374) [9] (Bouzereau 1997. [28] "Will 'Star Wars' clobber business?" (http:/ / money. p. Retrieved 2006-06-21. com/ news/ detail/ id/ 1105739). "ROLE CALL: Leo out of Anakin Sweepstakes" (http:/ / www. . The Guardian (London).com. p. Ben Burtt. page 48. . Net-Monster. co. Michael (2002-03-10). html). com/ entertainment/ article/ 297184). html) [31] Singer. [26] "The Beginning" Making Episode I Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace DVD documentary. shtml). Retrieved 2008-07-01. "Attack of the Clones and the Politics of Star Wars" (http:/ / www. Hollywood. [21] "Across The Stars music video" (http:/ / web. Jess (April 29. Hollywood. . sonyclassical. 2002. com/ bus-news/ article. com/ episode-ii/ feature/ 20021011/ indexp2. com/ 2002/ 05/ 06/ news/ companies/ darthvirus/ ). .0 2007. Rotten Tomatoes. Toronto Star. ""Meet Mr. starwars. "Yoda Goes Digital-and Conquers Too. p.00. Rob Coleman.

''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' [34] Ebert.com. starwars. com/ episode-ii/ release/ video/ news20021223. [52] "Episode II Adaptation & Free Comic" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 2006-06-15. Nev (2005-04-01). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. . Del Rey. html). . com/ movies/ saga/ 20080826news. [41] "The 23rd Annual RAZZIE Nominations/Press Release" (http:/ / www. Starwars.com. Total Film. "'Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones'" (http:/ / web. [37] Pierce. com/ movies/ saga/ announce3d/ index. com/ themovies/ saga/ preorder_bluray/ index. asp?cmd=view& articleid=110). com/ episode-ii/ release/ publish/ news20020305.0. html). archive. starwars. December 5. [42] "The 23rd Annual RAZZIE "Winners"" (http:/ / www. Lucasfilm. . "The Secret History of Star Wars" (http://secrethistoryofstarwars. org/ web/ 20071116215808/ http:/ / www. story) on March 21. Retrieved 2008-07-01. Lucasfilm. htm). . dll/ article?AID=/ 20020510/ REVIEWS/ 205100305/ 1023). 244 References • Kaminski.com/book. [50] Patricia C. oscars. boxofficemojo. StarWars. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. StarWars. suntimes. Retrieved 2006-09-26. Starwars. Starwars.Attack of the Clones (Junior Novelization).html). starwars. [36] Corliss. html) on 2008-01-08. [44] "Episode II: Unlocking the DVD" (http:/ / web. com/ episode-ii/ release/ publish/ news20021205. [48] "Pre-order Star Wars: The Complete Saga on Blu-ray Now!" (http:/ / www. totalfilm. [45] "R2-D2: Beneath the Dome DVD" (http:/ / web. ISBN 0345409817. 2010-08-14. com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie000033752may13. . . com/ awards/ awardsteenchoice2002.com. html) on 2007-11-16. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2006-06-09. com/ ontv/ movieawards/ 2003/ ). Retrieved 2008-07-01. archive. .com/movies/?id=starwars2. 2008-08-28. 2008. Retrieved 2010-11-18. Star Wars. starwars." Time Canadian Edition. Kenneth (2002-05-13). starwars. . Golden Raspberry Award Foundation. com/ themovies/ saga/ mebd/ bluray/ index. .com. "Dark Victory. org/ web/ 20080108005407/ http:/ / www. com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie000033752may13.htm) at Box Office Mojo . org/ web/ 20050402113305/ http:/ / starwars. (April 29.0. Wrede (2002-04-23). html). 2002. Roger (2002-05-10). [46] "Star Wars Saga Repacked in Trilogy Sets on DVD" (http:/ / www. starwars. archive. com/ episode-ii/ release/ video/ f20021008/ index. Michael (2007). 2003-03-23. 2002. razzies. The Annotated Screenplays (http://www. html).com. asp?cmd=view& articleid=115). 2002-12-23. Starwars.amazon. Retrieved 2006-06-15. January 6. starwars. com/ features/ the_total_film_interview__ewan_mcgregor). html) on 2008-01-08. com/ episode-ii/ release/ video/ f20021008/ index. Retrieved 2010-08-15. StarWars. OCLC 49622734. razzies. mtv. 2003-03-22. 2010-09-28. [51] "Episode II Novel Paperback Edition" (http:/ / web. html). p.imdb. MTV. Retrieved 2008-07-01. Retrieved 2006-06-15. calendarlive.com/m/ star_wars_episode_ii_attack_of_the_clones/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www. html). . html). Retrieved 2008-07-01.com. com/ episode-ii/ release/ video/ news20021223. html). org/ web/ 20080105043647/ http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. . com/ asp/ content/ XcNewsPlus. . org/ 75academyawards/ nomswins.3427362.com. Retrieved 2008-07-01. ISBN 0439139287. March 5. starwars. External links • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www. archive. [43] "Box Office Mojo Star Wars Briefing" (http:/ / www.com. Lucasfilm. Richard and Jess Cagle. html).com. . 2003-02-10.com. com/ apps/ pbcs. story). • Bouzereau. [47] "George Lucas Announces Star Wars on Blu-Ray at Celebration V" (http:/ / www. . calendarlive. org/ web/ 20080321153248/ http:/ / www. Scholastic Paperbacks. oscars. 2002-10-08. "Star Wars – Episode II: Attack Of The Clones" (http:/ / rogerebert. Laurent (1997). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Los Angeles Times. "The Total Film Interview . [38] "75th Academy Award Nominees and Winners" (http:/ / web. OCLC 37691005. com/ episode-ii/ release/ publish/ news20020305. org/ 75academyawards/ nomswins. 2002). Retrieved 2011-01-07. org/ web/ 20080108153904/ http:/ / www. starwars.Ewan McGregor" (http:/ / www. . rogerebert. com/ asp/ content/ XcNewsPlus. . Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [40] "2003 MTV Movie Awards" (http:/ / www. html). Starwars. archive. 2011.boxofficemojo.com/ Star-Wars-Screenplays-Laurent-Bouzereau/dp/0345409817). com/ briefing/ starwars. com/ episode-ii/ release/ publish/ news20021205. starwars. [35] Turan. html) on 2008-01-05. Archived from the original (http:/ / starwars. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. . [49] "The Star Wars Saga in 3D!" (http:/ / www. Golden Raspberry Award Foundation. 49. Lucasfilm. AllYourTV.3427362. html) on 2005-04-02.com/title/tt0121765/) at the Internet Movie Database • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www. Episode II . archive. [39] "2002 Teen Choice Award Winners" (http:/ / allyourtv. Retrieved 2008-07-01.

com (http://www.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www.allmovie.com/work/261809) at Allmovie • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www.764 Music by Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue .starwars.935.metacritic. 2002 99 minutes United States English $45 million $94.com/film/titles/starwarsii) at Metacritic • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www. Jackson Toni Collette Sydney Pollack William Hurt Amanda Peet David Arnold Salvatore Totino Paramount Pictures April 12.com/) 245 Changing Lanes Changing Lanes Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Roger Michell Scott Rudin Scott Aversano Chap Taylor Michael Tolkin Ben Affleck Samuel L.com/movies/episode-ii/) at StarWars.starwars.

and in desperation. . Doyle Gipson. The young man especially says he would like to be a lawyer because he believes people are by nature good. and the judge gives him until the end of the day to re-obtain the papers and present them. capable of abandoning their morals just to punish the other. Gavin Banek. filing a police report and insurance claim. concentrating on ethics and the moral implications of their actions. that is. fresh out of law school. knowing he owes Gipson that much. who invites him to see for himself just how the law is in practice. that is the same place as he. determined to make life difficult for Banek. Gipson. to give him a friendly lift.''Changing Lanes'' Changing Lanes is a 2002 drama-thriller film directed by Roger Michell and starring Ben Affleck and Samuel L. Gipson learns that it proceeded without him and that it didn't go in his favor. and eventually they begin to question their actions. with an average score of 7/10. and that conflict arises from historical forces. but it looks to be too late for both of what they were trying to do. he dropped the crucial power of appointment file at the scene of the accident. they both have an angry. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 77% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 149 reviews.[2] Metacritic gave it an average score of 69 out of 100 from the 36 reviews it collected.[3] 246 Plot A successful New York attorney. Banek goes to someone skilled with computers and gets him to switch off Gipson's credit. Unfortunately for Banek. The film ends with both men having a new outlook on life. has no intention of returning them. who is also in a rush to a hearing to try to gain custody of his children and to prevent his estranged wife from taking them to Oregon. The movie ends with Gipson's wife and children smiling at him from across the street. Jackson. 2002 in North America by Paramount Pictures. indicating a possible reconciliation or at the very least some kind of arrangement between the two in the future. which will prove a dead man signed his foundation over to Banek's law firm. Banek ends up using the file to force his boss to do the right thing and plans to represent Gipson pro bono so he can get the house he wants. Banek also visits Gipson's wife to explain everything to her. Though it is made clear that Banek and Gipson are radically different. Banek tries to brush Gipson off with a blank check thereby disobeying the law. The film received favorable reviews from critics. Both men continue to do morally reprehensible things in an attempt to one-up each other. After Gipson refuses to accept the check and voices his desire to "do the right thing". Ultimately the two men apologize to each other and Gipson returns the file. After arriving to the court late. Themes Several themes are explored. telling him. him believing strongly in fairness and justice. Gipson needed credit for a loan so he could buy a house for his family. who took the papers. the law being there as a "buffer". Banek strands Gipson. is in a rush to file a power of appointment. a good example being the two students whom Banek interviews apparently for roles of articled clerkship with the firm. belonging to an insurance salesman. He has a collision with another car. A recurring instance is irony.[1] It was released on April 12. He is given the role by Banek. vengeful streak. The audience is left wondering how very different the two characters' days would have been had only Banek cared to ask Gipson where he was going that morning. "better luck next time". and he becomes further enraged.

com/ movies/ ?id=changinglanes.216 elsewhere.boxofficemojo.548 in the United States and $28. Jackson as Doyle Gipson Toni Collette as Michelle Sydney Pollack as Stephen Delano Richard Jenkins as Walter Arnell Ileen Getz as Ellen Matt Malloy as Ron Cabot Amanda Peet as Cynthia Banek Kim Staunton as Valerie Gipson Bruce Altman as Joe Kaufman William Hurt as Doyle's sponsor Dylan Baker as Finch the fixer Reception The movie was a box-office success.[4] it also has a 77% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes. htm). Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 7. IMDb.rottentomatoes. External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. it grossed $66.com/m/changing_lanes/) at Rotten Tomatoes Changing Lanes (http://www. 2010. com/ m/ changing_lanes). and More at Metacritic (http:/ / www.''Changing Lanes'' 247 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Ben Affleck as Gavin Banek Samuel L.000. Retrieved October 7.imdb. Credits.com/title/tt0264472/) at the Internet Movie Database Changing Lanes (http://www.935.000. Rotten Tomatoes. [2] Changing Lanes Movie Reviews. Ratings. with a budget of $45. [3] Changing Lanes Reviews. imdb. com/ movie/ changing-lanes) [4] Changing Lanes (2002) (http:/ / boxofficemojo.changinglanes. metacritic. rottentomatoes.764. References [1] Full cast and crew for Changing Lanes (2002) (http:/ / www. Pictures (http:/ / www.com/) Changing Lanes (http://www. Retrieved October 7.com/movies/?id=changinglanes. com/ title/ tt0264472/ fullcredits). 2010.117.htm) at Box Office Mojo .metacritic. with a total gross of $94.com/film/titles/changinglanes) at Metacritic Changing Lanes (http://www. 2010.818.

a homeless ex-lover of Scotty tells Romulus that he was murdered by the famous photographer David Leppenraub (Colm Feore). Shropshire Universal Focus March 2. On Valentine’s Day he discovers the frozen body of a young man. including Romulus's daughter Lulu (Aunjanue Ellis). Scotty Gates (Sean MacMahon). left in a tree outside his cave. and that his mind is inhabited by moth-like angels. dismiss the man's death as accident however. Plot A former family man and pianist studying at Juilliard music school. The police.) 105 min. Jackson) is now suffering from paranoid schizophrenia and living in a cave in Inwood Park. He believes that a man named Cornelius Gould Stuyvesant is controlling the world with rays from the top of the Chrysler Building. Romulus Ledbetter (Samuel L. English Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language The Caveman's Valentine aka Sign of the Killer (UK video title) is a 2001 mystery-drama starring Samuel L. Directed by Produced by Kasi Lemmons Mark Roybal Scott Rudin Eric Steel George Dawes Green Samuel L.S. The film was released by Universal Focus. Determined to discover the truth behind Scotty’s death and prove his worth to his daughter. Jackson Terence Blanchard Amy Vincent Terilyn A.''The Caveman's Valentine'' 248 The Caveman's Valentine The Caveman's Valentine The movie poster for The Caveman's Valentine. Jackson based on the novel by George Dawes Green. 2001 (U. New York. Romulus manages to get an invitation through a former friend to .

Bob Sean MacMahon .''The Caveman's Valentine'' perform one of his compositions at Leppenraub’s farm.S. rottentomatoes.3% Close date: June 14.Scotty Gates External links • The Caveman's Valentine [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Caveman's Valentine [2] at Rotten Tomatoes References [1] http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt0182000/ [2] http:/ / www. gross: $687.194 Worldwide gross: $687.Officer Lulu Ledbetter Tamara Tunie .Moira Leppenraub Anthony Michael Hall .Romulus Ledbetter Colm Feore . Tamara Tunie was nominated for the Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Female." Awards • In 2002. deception and a man's struggle against his own mind..194 Critical Reaction The Caveman's Valentine received a 43% rating among the consensus of critics tracked by Rotten Tomatoes.Sheila Ledbetter Jay Rodan .. with a general consensus that the film "has an intriguing premise. 249 Response Box office Domestic summary: • • • • Opening Weekend: $112. 2001 Total U. falls flat under the weight of its ambition. Cast • • • • • • • • Samuel L.Joey Peasley Ann Magnuson . What unfolds thereafter is a twisted tale of mystery. com/ m/ cavemans_valentine/ . imdb.David Leppenraub Aunjanue Ellis . but.041 (16 theaters) % of total gross: 16. Jackson .

and Robin Wright Penn. Samuel L. who slowly discovers that he is a superhero. Shyamalan began to write the screenplay as a spec script with Bruce Willis already set to star in the film and Samuel L. After he decided to settle on the origin story aspect of his outline. Jackson in mind to portray Elijah Price. Filming for . Night Shyamalan Barry Mendel Sam Mercer Roger Birnbaum Gary Barber M. 2000 106 minutes United States English $75 million $248. Touchstone Pictures November 22. Unbreakable tells the story of Philadelphia security guard. Shyamalan conceived the idea for Unbreakable to parallel a comic book's traditional three-part story structure. The film stars Bruce Willis.121 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Unbreakable is a 2000 psychological thriller film written.118. David Dunn.''Unbreakable (film)'' 250 Unbreakable (film) Unbreakable Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by M. Night Shyamalan. and directed by M. The film is a study on the dimensions of comic books. Night Shyamalan Bruce Willis Samuel L. produced. Jackson Robin Wright Penn Spencer Treat Clark James Newton Howard Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Eduardo Serra Editing by Studio Dylan Tichenor Blinding Edge Pictures Barry Mendel Productions Limited Edition Productions Inc. Jackson. Night Shyamalan M. it explores the analogies between the real world and the mythology of superheroes.

David manages to talk him out of the deed. This encourages Joseph to take David's loaded pistol and point it at him saying that if shot. In a flashback of the car accident he and Audrey were in.''Unbreakable (film)'' Unbreakable began in April 2000 and finished that following July. but finds the parents dead. he walks through a crowd in a Philadelphia train station and senses crimes perpetrated by strangers who brush past him: a jewel thief. David tries to console his son by saying that Elijah is wrong and that he's just as normal as everyone else. He gave up a promising American football career to marry his love Audrey (Robin Wright Penn) after they were involved in an auto accident. and begins to test himself. That night. a memory he had long repressed. he is reconciled with Audrey and the following morning. it is revealed not only that he was unharmed. Glass. the last being David's train accident. At Elijah's suggestion. David shakes his hand and discovers to his horror that Elijah had orchestrated many of the fatal disasters he mentioned throughout the movie. It transpires that David used the excuse of the accident to quit football. On a rainy night. 251 Plot Elijah Price (Samuel L. He then strangles the janitor. secretly shows the newspaper article of his anonymous heroic act to his son. his father would not die. trying to get his attention. He explains that his purpose in life is to be the archvillain to David's hero. David develops his security guard hunches into extra-sensory perception. a racist hate crime perpetrator. causing hundreds of deaths. they discover that his physical strength is far beyond what he previously thought and Joseph begins to idolize his father and believe he is a superhero. After freeing the children. While lifting weights with Joseph. He is contacted by the adult Elijah. to the distress of their young son Joseph (Spencer Treat Clark). who proposes to a disbelieving David that he is a real instance of the kind of person after whom comic-book superheroes are modeled. The Sixth Sense. To relieve his family from further distress. However. who was committed to an institution for the criminally insane. David follows the janitor back to the victims' house. but that he had ripped a door off the car in order to save Audrey. a rare disease in which bones break easily. but Elijah stalks him and his wife. The final captions reveal that David led police to Elijah. David's faith in Elijah is shaken when he remembers an incident from his childhood in which he almost drowned. Years later. but is injured instead. then perhaps there is someone strong at the opposite extreme. The worst offender is a sadistic janitor holding a family hostage and torturing them inside their home. he is ambushed by the lurking janitor who throws him off a balcony into a pool below. David attends an exhibition at Elijah's comic book art gallery and gets to meet Elijah's mother (Charlayne Woodard). but by threatening to pack up and leave for New York. water. Unbreakable received generally positive reviews[1] with critics noting its weaker ending compared with Shyamalan's previous film. security guard David Dunn (Bruce Willis) is also searching for meaning in his life. Elijah suggests that the incident highlights his one weakness. where he nearly drowns but is rescued by the children. not by saying he would die. "Mr. However their marriage is dissolving. Jackson) is born with Type I osteogenesis imperfecta. David is the sole survivor of a horrific train wreck that kills 131 passengers. with which he can glimpse immoral acts committed by people he touches. and a rapist. . David tries to ignore him. because Audrey had a hatred of the sport and David knew that the only way their relationship could ever flourish would be to get football out of the picture. even going so far as to suggest that his childhood moniker. Drawing on what he has read in comic books during his many hospital stays. Under Elijah's influence. Joseph confronts some bullies at school thinking he might share his dad's abilities. Price theorizes that if he is frail at one extreme. sustaining no injuries himself.[2] The film grossed approximately $95 million in the United States and $250 million in world wide box office totals. After talking with Elijah in the back room of his studio. David finally agrees to hear Elijah out. Returning from a job interview in New York. Elijah insists the deaths were justified as a means to find David." should have alerted him to the fact that he was always a villain.

[9] Mr. the outline originally had a comic book's traditional three-part structure (the superhero's "birth". Howard and Shyamalan chose to simplify the score. "You could have recorded the same music in a studio in Los Angeles. Using purple as Mr. the film's setting. Shyamalan makes a cameo appearance. Night Shyamalan first conceived the idea for Unbreakable. trumpets and piano). and it would have been great. he is reflected in a glass frame in his art gallery. as stadium drug lord John Paulo Esguerra as the karatista man Development Production When M.[5] With the financial and critical success of The Sixth Sense in August 1999. his or her struggles against general evil-doers. Disney decided to release Unbreakable under their Touchstone Pictures banner. The majority of filming took place in Philadelphia. He was also given another $5 million to direct. with limited orchestrations. Mathison M. but there is something about the sound of that church studio. Shyamalan began to write Unbreakable as a spec script[4] during post-production on The Sixth Sense. Price Eamonn Walker as Dr.''Unbreakable (film)'' 252 Cast • • • • • • • • • Bruce Willis as David Dunn Samuel L. Glass' color to David Dunn's green was also Jackson's idea. he is primarily seen reflected in mirrors. Shyamalan gave the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group a first look deal for Unbreakable. Night Shyamalan as stadium drug dealer Elver Bagayawa Jr. that immediately evoked the movie when people heard it. Disney purchased Shyamalan's screenplay at a "spec script record" for $5 million. 2000 and ended that following July. Shyamalan had already approached Bruce Willis for the lead role of David Dunn. he is seen reflected in a blank TV screen. During the filming of The Sixth Sense. Howard said. Jackson requested his walking stick be made of glass to make his character more menacing. David's wife. Glass character involve glass. These scenes are available on the DVD release. In return. Robin Wright Penn was cast in her place. "He wanted something that was very different.[6] Julianne Moore dropped out of portraying Audrey."[11] Howard explained. He plays a man David suspects of dealing drugs inside the stadium.[7] Principal photography began on April 25. he decided to write Unbreakable as an origin story. and the hero's ultimate battle against the "archenemy"). and also helped Shyamalan establish his own production company.[3] With Willis and Samuel L. Blinding Edge Pictures. "It's definitely more mysterioso.[10] Music Film score composer James Newton Howard was approached by Shyamalan to work on Unbreakable immediately after scoring The Sixth Sense.[8] Shyamalan and cinematographer Eduardo Serra chose several camera angles to simulate the look of a comic book panel."[11] . Glass' hair wig was modeled after Afro-American statesman Frederick Douglass.[3] As he does in his other films. and as a young child. Finding the birth section most interesting. When he leaves his calling card on the windshield of David Dunn's car. Several scenes relating to the Mr. As a newborn. Various visual narrative motifs were also applied. More than 15 minutes of footage was deleted during post-production of Unbreakable. and minimized the number of instruments (strings. "He sat there and storyboarded the whole movie for me". Jackson specifically in mind for the two leading characters. Jackson as Elijah Price Robin Wright as Audrey Dunn Spencer Treat Clark as Joseph Dunn Charlayne Woodard as Mrs. in favor of her role as Clarice Starling in Hannibal. "I've never had a director do that for me."[11] Shyamalan wanted a "singularity" tone for the music. Pennsylvania. very distinctive. Some of the compositions were recorded in a converted church in London." Howard remarked.

33 million in its opening weekend. Roger Ebert largely enjoyed the film. Both Unbreakable and Mage are set in Philadelphia. "Whether it means to or not.2/10. Mage follows a wizard who convinces an Average Joe to try and find out if he is a superhero.[13] Unbreakable faced early competition from How the Grinch Stole Christmas. Night Shyamalan leads you into a fascinating labyrinth.[1] Critics generally noted the weaker ending. which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics. David's is green and Elijah's is purple. He wanted to promote Unbreakable as a comic book movie.11 million internationally. an alternative universe that lurks right under our noses. to contrast them with the dark and dreary comic book color scheme. gave a negative review.[14] but managed to set opening weekend box office records in Brazil.[18] Richard Corliss of Time magazine reviewed that Unbreakable continued Shyamalan's writing/direction of "balancing sophistication and [19] Desson Thomson from The Washington Post wrote that "just as he did in The Sixth horror in all of his movies". Ebert believed that Willis' "subtle acting" was positively different from Willis' usual work in "brainless action movies".  — M.[15] Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released Unbreakable as a two-disc special edition DVD in June 2001.[23] Shyamalan also disliked Touchstone Pictures' marketing campaign. the wallpaper and bed sheets in their houses. writing in the Los Angeles Times. The film went on to gross $95.12 million. Elijah's note to David. Written and illustrated by Matt Wagner. based on 31 reviews. earning $30. orange).[17] Critical reception The reviews were mostly positive with a majority of reviews listed as "favorable" at movie review websites.01 million in the United States and $153. In this case. totaling a worldwide gross of $248. but was disappointed with the ending.[16] The film made an additional $95 million in DVD sales. The colors show up in their clothes. in these modern times. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 68% of critics gave the film positive write-ups. He did praise Dylan Tichenor's editing and James Newton Howard's music composition. is contained in comic books.[3] The people whose bad deeds are sensed by David are identified by an article of clothing in a single bright color (red. it's the mythological world and. as compared to Shyamalan's previous film The Sixth Sense. and various personal items. or at least to rewrite.[22] Shyamalan admitted he was disappointed by the reaction Unbreakable received from the general public and critics. with an average score of 6. Elvis Mitchell from The New York Times mentioned the visual similarities between David Dunn on patrol in his poncho and the DC Comics character known as The Spectre. Turan reasoned "if The Sixth Sense hadn't been as big a success as it was."[21] Todd McCarthy of Variety mostly criticized Shyamalan's writing and the performances given by the actors. the secret design to that labyrinth. based on a sample of 155.[2] Metacritic.708 theaters. Night Shyamalan describing the film's use of superhero archetypes [3] Filmmaker and comic book writer Kevin Smith felt Unbreakable was briefly similar to a comic book titled Mage: The Hero Discovered. but Touchstone insisted on portraying it as a psychological thriller. this story might have been assigned to oblivion. arguing that Unbreakable had no originality. the key to the path.[12] As in comic books.[3] Release Box office and home media Unbreakable was released in the United States on November 22. writer-director M. the shadow of The Sixth Sense hangs over Unbreakable". the main characters have their identified color schemes. 2000 in 2. the film has received an average score of 62.''Unbreakable (film)'' 253 Comic book references Good cannot exist without evil and evil cannot exist without good. similar to The Sixth . Sense."[20] Kenneth Turan.

. Entertainment Weekly. The Making of Unbreakable. because of successful DVD sales. variety.00. [14] Carl Diorio (2000-11-26). [3] M. Metacritic. . . Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment [4] Christopher John Farley (2000-11-27). Night Shyamalan. Willis said that Shyamalan was "still thinking about doing the fight movie between me and Sam that we were going to do".[24] In 2009. In 2000. com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ movies/ ?id=unbreakable. "Inside Moves" (http:/ / www. variety.[26] In December 2000.998594. Bravo. but that it mostly died with the poor box office.[26] In August 2001. 2001. Jackson said he was still interested in a sequel but Shyamalan was non-committal. Bruce Willis. [12] Scott Brown (2000-12-06). . . 22" (http:/ / www. . Variety. [13] "Unbreakable" (http:/ / www. Jackson said there was some discussion of a sequel when the film was being made.. Inc. Bruce Willis was quoted as hoping for an Unbreakable trilogy. Shyamalan instead is focusing the movie on a new mastermind to be played by himself. html).O. rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2010-04-16. htm). Box Office Mojo.. CBS. [17] "The Charts" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117760850). Shyamalan revealed that the second planned villain from the first film was moved to the planned sequel. com/ article/ VR1117760020). [8] Charles Lyons (2000-01-14). Tarantino praised the film as a "brilliant retelling of the Superman mythology.00. com/ article/ VR1117789537). Eduardo Serra. IGN Entertainment. "Overseas auds crowd 'Cast Away' at B. .. Variety." (http:/ / www.[30] References [1] "Unbreakable:Review" (http:/ / www. 2002-06-02.00. . Retrieved 2008-12-19. Shyamalan and Samuel L.254278. [16] "Unbreakable (Two-Disc Vista Series) (2000)" (http:/ / www. "Green monster gobbles B. 2000-08-11. "Moore gets 'Break'" (http:/ / www. the year he became a director. Michael Fleming (1999-12-15). Samuel L. com/ article/ VR1117778962). Jackson asked George Lucas for a purple lightsaber in Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones. and didn't know he was Superman?" [25] 254 Sequels rumors This film had rumors of possible sequels circulating on different interview and in film fansites after its release. but that character has now been used for an upcoming film he will write the story for and produce. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. com/ exec/ obidos/ ASIN/ B00003CXQA). Variety. Retrieved 2008-12-19. Shyamalan stated that. Entertainment Weekly. html). ew. Oscar-winning filmmaker Quentin Tarantino included Unbreakable on his list of the top 20 films to be released since 1992. "A New Day Dawns For Night" (http:/ / www. . Barry Mendel.O. variety. Jackson". com/ ew/ article/ 0. James Newton Howard. "Deal makes 'Sense'" (http:/ / www.com. The New York Times. an idea Shyamalan said the studio originally turned down because of the film's poor box office performance. [7] Staff (2000-03-02)."Samuel L. Retrieved 2008-12-18.00. .starting from the stadium episode he had with Willis' character.[28] In February 2010. Shyamalan denied rumors he wrote Unbreakable as the first installment of a trilogy saying he was not even thinking about it.90839. Jackson. [10] Deleted Scenes With M. Rotten Tomatoes. Sam Mercer. amazon. html). [6] Angelina Chen.''Unbreakable (film)'' Sense. 2001. ew. "At The Movies: A Full Plate For the Holidays". . [5] "Movie Preview: Nov. Entertainment Weekly." (http:/ / www." He noted that he considers it to contain Bruce Willis' best performance and that the film would have been better marketed with the question "what if Superman was here on earth. 2001-10-05. "Comic Belief" (http:/ / www. time.[29] In September 2010. html). com/ m/ unbreakable/ ). Retrieved 2010-04-16. . Variety. ew.[27] In a September 2008 article. Variety. [2] "Unbreakable (2000)" (http:/ / www. Night Shyamalan. . variety. [15] Don Groves (2001-01-23). com/ article/ VR1117792429). Amazon. Retrieved 2008-12-19. Inside the Actors Studio.87399. Retrieved 2008-12-19.9171. . Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment [11] Rick Lyman (2000-11-24). Retrieved 2008-12-19. boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2008-12-19. he had approached Touchstone Pictures about an Unbreakable sequel. Retrieved 2008-12-19. variety. Retrieved 2008-12-19. and stated that as long as Jackson was able to participate he would be "up for it". Retrieved 2008-12-19. metacritic. Retrieved 2008-12-19. [9] Unrelated to this movie. com/ film/ titles/ unbreakable). Time. com/ ew/ article/ 0.

com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/ article?AID=/ 20001122/ REVIEWS/ 11220302/ 1023). mtv. "Night of the Living Dread" (http:/ / www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Unbreakable (http://www. html). com/ 2010/ 02/ 22/ bruce-willis-says-m-night-shyamalan-still-thinking-about-unbreakable-2/ ). spike. But Might Be" (http:/ / splashpage. html). Time. [21] Kenneth Turan (2000-11-21). story). Retrieved 2008-12-20. . ign. [24] Weiner. MTV News. archive. com/ articles/ 036/ 036655p1..0. Retrieved 2008-12-20. variety. . [23] Daniel Fierman (2002-08-02). popmatters. story) on 2008-06-22. [29] Marshall. Retrieved 2008-12-20. . Retrieved 2010-06-12. html). "Willis' Unbreakable Trilogy Hopes Shattered" (http:/ / movies. Spike (TV channel). . com/ 2008/ 06/ 02/ business/ media/ 02night. . "Bruce Willis Says M. .4110177. Retrieved 2008-12-20. [25] "Tarantino's Top 20 Movies Since 1992" (http:/ / www. com/ News/ story. [26] Brian Linder (2000-12-05). ew. calendarlive. mtv. The Washington Post. www. nytimes.com/m/unbreakable/) at Rotten Tomatoes . com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie001121-3. com/ wp-srv/ entertainment/ movies/ reviews/ unbreakablehowe. "Samuel L. 255 External links • • • • Unbreakable (http://www. Gibron. .boxofficemojo.com. PopMatters. Jackson. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. "Unbreakable" (http:/ / www.333419. Night Shyamalan On The ‘Unbreakable’ Sequel That Never Was.imdb.com" (http:/ / www. "An Unbreakable Sequel?" (http:/ / www.00. [20] Desson Thomson (2000-11-24). com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie001121-3.''Unbreakable (film)'' [18] Roger Ebert (2000-11-22). empireonline. . "'Unbreakable 2' on the Horizon?" (http:/ / www. Empire Online.4110177. Viacom.com/title/tt0217869/) at the Internet Movie Database Unbreakable (http://www. Retrieved 2008-12-20. suntimes. com/ review/ VE1117788668.allmovie. M. Entertainment Weekly. Los Angeles Times. calendarlive. com/ pm/ post/ 121312-unbreakable-2-on-the-horizon/ ). [30] "Unbreakable 2: Broken' Story to be Used for Third Night Chronicles". html). Night Shyamalan 'Still Thinking' About 'Unbreakable 2'" (http:/ / splashpage. org/ web/ 20080622010752/ http:/ / www. . [27] Olly Richards (2001-08-01).nytimes. Variety. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. . IGN.com/movies/?id=unbreakable. Retrieved 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2009-08-17.rottentomatoes.9171. com/ video/ tarantinos-top-20/ 3228451). "An 'Unbreakable' Sense of Déjà Vu" (http:/ / web. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Rick (2010-02-22).0. "'Unbreakable': Unrelentingly Gripping" (http:/ / www. asp?nid=13123).994783. Retrieved 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2008-12-20. time. [22] Todd McCarthy (2000-11-20).com/work/214082) at Allmovie Unbreakable (http://www. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2009-01-23. htm). Retrieved 2008-12-20. . "Shyamalan's Hollywood Horror Story — NYTimes. . Bill (2010-02-24). "Scary And Smart" (http:/ / www. html). com/ 2008/ 09/ 18/ samuel-l-jackson-m-night-shyamalan-on-the-unbreakable-sequel-that-never-was-but-might-be/ ). [19] Richard Corliss (2004-08-02).00. . "Unbreakable" (http:/ / rogerebert. washingtonpost. Retrieved 2008-12-20. Allison Hope (2008-06-02). [28] Casey Seijas (2008-09-18). MTV News.

Jackson Vanessa L. United States Written by Starring Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country . 2000 99 min. Williams Jeffrey Wright Christian Bale Busta Rhymes Dan Hedaya Ruben Santiago-Hudson Josef Sommer Lynne Thigpen Toni Collette Philip Bosco Pat Hingle Lee Tergesen Daniel Von Bargen Sonja Sohn Peter McRobbie Richard Roundtree Mekhi Phifer Paramount Pictures June 16.''Shaft (2000 film)'' 256 Shaft (2000 film) Shaft Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by John Singleton Mark Roybal Scott Rudin Eric Steel Ernest Tidyman (novel) John Singleton Shane Salerno Richard Price Samuel L.

is let off on bail and flees to Switzerland. Shaft reiterates to Carmen that he prefers to be a private detective. Wade Jr.''Shaft (2000 film)'' Language Budget Gross revenue English Spanish $44. Wade Jr.) $107.'s trial finally arrives. outed as corrupt. returns and Shaft rearrests him for leaving the country. to justice on his own terms. The film received fairly positive reviews and opened at the number one position at the box office when it debuted June 16. and dies on the spot.. Peoples insinuates that he's been working for Wade. Shaft. and in frustration Shaft resigns from the police force. Shaft is initially reluctant.498 [1] 257 Shaft is a 2000 American action-crime film directed by John Singleton.000.. promising to bring Wade Jr. but before they can talk. and starring Samuel L. This film is not a remake of the 1971 film of the same name. Shaft and Carmen realise they are being followed by officers Jack Roselli and Jimmy Groves. he is shot in the chest by Trey's mother. When Peoples arrives at the location. Rasaan and Diane's brother manage to escape to Rasaan's apartment. Diane Palmieri. Shaft kills Peoples' younger brother. Toni Collette. the son of a wealthy real estate tycoon. A woman arrives. hires Peoples to find and kill her first. . his passport relinquished. Diane confesses that she saw the entire murder. In a face-off between Shaft and Peoples. Jeffrey Wright. another shootout takes place. While visiting Diane's uncooperative mother.000 US (est. Wade Jr. they are attacked by Peoples's men. but they are followed by Roselli and Groves. however. and kept silent in return for a payoff from Wade's father. Shaft briefly meets a potential eyewitness to the murder. Vanessa L. meets Peoples Hernandez. asking for Shaft to help her. enlisting the help of his friends Detective Carmen Vasquez and taxi driver Rasaan. is let off on bail again. Wade Jr. Williams. and Shaft kills him. Christian Bale. Diane. since it features Richard Roundtree briefly reprising his role as the original John Shaft. a Dominican drug lord. are killed by Carmen. who have been paid by Peoples to follow Shaft and get to Diane. During his temporary incarceration at police headquarters. Worried that Shaft might find the missing eyewitness. Roselli and Groves. and Mekhi Phifer. In the police station. Jackson's John Shaft character is the nephew of the original John Shaft. but rather a sequel. Wade Jr. Pat Hingle. but she disappears soon after and cannot be found for the trial. he decides to help her anyway.196. 2000. but when he sees her injury. claiming to have an abusive boyfriend. Jackson. Shaft continues his search for Diane. Before it can begin. Shaft finally finds Diane Palmieri. In the shootout. Wade Jr. Carla Howard. Two years later. While at the apartment. Plot NYPD Detective John Shaft is called in to investigate the racially motivated murder of Trey Howard. committed by Walter Wade Jr. Busta Rhymes.

rottentomatoes.imdb.com/title/tt0162650/) at the Internet Movie Database ." as a homage by director John Singleton to the original film. and has the option to write and direct the third. Jackson has stated he no longer has interest making another Shaft film). Sequels Paramount Pictures is negotiating a deal with John Singleton to make another Shaft movie to star Richard Roundtree (as Samuel L. Singleton planned a sequel where Shaft would battle drug lords in Jamaica. the original John Shaft and uncle of this film's Shaft.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Shaft (http://www. com/ movies/ ?id=shaft. Williams as Carmen Vasquez Jeffrey Wright as Peoples Hernandez Christian Bale as Walter Wade. Soundtrack A soundtrack containing hip hop and R&B music was released on June 6.boxofficemojo.com/m/1098038-shaft/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Shaft (http://www.com/movies/?id=shaft. Kearney Mekhi Phifer as Trey Howard Lawrence Taylor as Lamar The director of the original Shaft. Ruben Santiago-Hudson as Jimmy Groves Josef Sommer as Curt Flemming Lynne Thigpen as Carla Howard Philip Bosco as Walter Wade. References [1] http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. htm External links • Shaft (http://www. It peaked at #22 on the Billboard 200 and #3 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. but Jackson's disappointment with the film prevented a sequel from being made.''Shaft (2000 film)'' 258 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. appears in a cameo at the Lenox Lounge party as "Mr. Lee Tergesen as Luger Daniel von Bargen as Lt. Pat Hingle as Judge Dennis Bradford Busta Rhymes as Rasaan Dan Hedaya as Jack Roselli Toni Collette as Diane Palmieri Richard Roundtree as Uncle John. The first film is set to begin filming in the summer of 2010 for a 2011 release. P. After the release of the remake. 2000 by LaFace Records. Jackson as John Shaft Vanessa L. Roundtree has signed on to do three Shaft sequels (the first two which will be filmed back to back). Jr. Sr. Gordon Parks.

is about Marine Colonel Terry Childers. a military. Jackson Guy Pearce Bruce Greenwood Blair Underwood Philip Baker Hall with Anne Archer and Ben Kingsley Mark Isham Nicola Pecorini Augie Hess Seven Arts Pictures Paramount Pictures March 31. and legal drama.732.''Rules of Engagement (film)'' 259 Rules of Engagement (film) Rules of Engagement Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring William Friedkin Scott Rudin Richard D. Zanuck James H. Webb Stephen Gaghan Tommy Lee Jones Samuel L. played by Jackson. Samuel L. The movie. who is brought to court-martial on charges of disobeying the rules of engagement in a .000.303 Music by Cinematography Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue Rules of Engagement is a 2000 American film directed by William Friedkin. political. and starring Tommy Lee Jones. Jackson and Guy Pearce.000 $71. 2000 128 minutes English / Arabic $60.

Childers asks Colonel Hays Hodges to be his attorney. he confronts Childers and eventually admits that they have a tough case and are unlikely to win. women and children demonstrate outside the U. his wife and young son need to be evacuated. the National Security Adviser is worried by the dire consequences that are caused by Childers' actions and decide that he needs to be court-martialed. he could be exonerated. The lead writer. Webb. The defense and Childers respond that he was in fear for his Marines' lives under fire and was in compliance with his orders and the rules of engagement.S. knowing that many other great lawyers have not. which call for a jihad against the USA. Webb is currently the senior United States Senator from Virginia. Ambassador Mourain. relations with Arab countries. who immediately radios his men and tells them to advance. 3 Marines are killed by gunmen on the roofs of the buildings overlooking the embassy. When Cao refuses to call his men off. Yemen. 260 Synopsis The film opens in the Vietnam War in 1968. Childers and his platoon are called into action in Yemen. racism. A fourth Marine.S. Childers executes the radioman and turns the gun on Cao. appears to see something in the crowd below. against Hodges' advice that he get another lawyer. where he finds several audio tapes.S. women and children. Childers testifies that he was on the roof and could clearly see that the crowd had weapons. Hodges' group is ambushed by North Vietnamese soldiers and all but Hodges are killed. where an unruly crowd of local men. leaving Hodges alive. A US Marine platoon.S. when he receives a CCTV security videotape that confirms that shots had indeed been fired by the crowd. or confusion. Childers is the only one who can testify as to the intentions of the crowd. During the evacuation. Childers' group captures the leader of the attackers. According to U. Ambassador Mourain (earlier blackmailed into co-operating by Sokal) lies on the stand and says the . where Hodges. James H. Sergeant Kresovitch is mortally wounded and dies in Childers' arms. But if some of them were carrying weapons and opened fire. To try and intimidate him. This explains the mob outside the embassy and the shooting. In the wake of this. as well as Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman (eligible for a Dishonorable Discharge) and a minor charge of Breach of the Peace. specifically near Ca Lu. However. Colonel Binh Le Cao. the now-Colonel Terry Childers shows up to present Colonel Hodges with a sword of honor. Childers is adamant that Hodges be his attorney rather than a better and more successful one for the principal reason that Hodges has served in combat before. Not long after this. The legal case that follows depends on whether the crowd was armed and fired first or Colonel Childers exceeded his orders and reacted based on anger. Jackson) are advancing through the jungle and they split up to take two different routes. promising to let them both go free if they cooperate. Horrified by what he sees. as he had had an unimpressive career in the Marine Corps's JAG Division. confusion or a darker motive (such as prejudice). Childers returns to aid his marines.S. Childers could be charged with three offenses: murder for killing 83 "non-combatants" (a crime eligible for life imprisonment or even the death penalty).''Rules of Engagement (film)'' military incident at an American embassy in Sana'a. Childers then keeps his word and lets Colonel Cao go. he burns the tape with the hope that the prosecution will win. Childers. while peering around his cover. William "Bill" Sokal. At the same time. Childers orders Colonel Cao to call his men off Hodges and advance. now a Colonel and a veteran. flag and flying Mourain and his family out of the Embassy. is holding a retirement party. Sergeant Kresovitch – who also had an observational position – was killed on site and therefore. However. The National Security Advisor. killing 83 men. embassy in Sana'a which had been incited by jihad audio tapes and the U. lawyer and Secretary of the Navy. As a surprise. wants Childers to be convicted in order to preserve U. although he has been confined to a desk job for the last 28 years due to an injury picked up in Vietnam. The movie then jumps to 28 years later (1996). led by Lieutenant Hays Hodges (Tommy Lee Jones) and Lieutenant Terry Childers (Samuel L. The prosecution asserts that Childers' order to fire was based on personal fear. is a former Marine combat officer. After retrieving the U. He immediately orders his men to open fire on the crowd. military law as explained in the film. Hodges agrees and goes to Yemen. resulting in the slaughter of many civilians by Childers' men. Childers holds a pistol to Cao's unarmed radioman.

Gloria Gresham Criticism Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 37% based on 93 reviews. the very man Childers had captured and released in Vietnam. Nevertheless.. the foreign officer admits that. 261 Cast and Crew • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tommy Lee Jones . Colonel Childers is found guilty of the minor charge of Breach of the Peace. before getting in to a car. using Arabs as cartoon-cutout bad guys".[1] Paul Clinton of the Boston Globe wrote "at its worst. Mourain Blair Underwood .Dr.Mrs. and executed his unarmed radioman. and not the protest over US placement of ships in the Gulf of Aden. and that no further charges were pursued against Childers and he retired honorably from the Marines. Hayes Lawrence Hodges. Ahmar Mark Feuerstein . salutes him. it's blatantly racist. Ultimately. but rather "16 minutes". Dale Dye . E. which could have exonerated Childers. Childers Guy Pearce . Hodges plays the audiotapes calling for a jihad against America and a witness's testimony proving that these were what caused the protest.''Rules of Engagement (film)'' crowd was peacefully demonstrating and that Childers had acted violently towards him during the evacuation.Maj. Hayes Lawrence "Hodge" Hodges II Samuel L. Major Mark Biggs. and Childers salutes back.Maj.Gen. In an effort to save face. Binh Le Cao Nicky Katt . he recounts how Childers had threatened him with death in order to save his Marines. Hodges responds by reminding the Major of his lack of experience in combat and that the average life expectancy of a marine dropped into a hot LZ was not two weeks. but has not shown up. including a witness – Colonel Binh Le Cao. Hodges also presents the jury with a shipping manifest showing that a camera film from an undamaged camera that had exactly the same point of view as Childers. or did not exist. Jackson . as Biggs had thought. The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee described it as "probably the most racist film ever made against Arabs by Hollywood". Terry L.Col. Mark Biggs Ben Kingsley . Perry Amidou . had been delivered to Sokal's office.Capt. A postscript title card says that William Sokal was charged and found guilty of destruction of evidence. Gen. Lee Philip Baker Hall .Col. . This refutes all of the prosecution's claims that the tapes had been stolen. if placed in the same situation. as the prosecution had originally claimed. Colonel Cao. tries to get Hodges to recount what he remembered about the incident in Vietnam to pursue this against Childers. his wife later admits the truth to Hodges but won't testify in contradiction to her husband.Judge Col. Similarly.The film drew widespread criticism for its portrayal of Arab characters. The prosecution introduces previous actions by then-Lieutenant Childers in Vietnam to show a history of misconduct.Ambassador Mourain Bruce Greenwood .US National Security Advisor Bill Sokal Anne Archer . but not guilty of the more serious charges of Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman and murder. forcing him to resign from his post. and appears to be a potential turning point in the trial. Warner Baoan Coleman .The critical consensus for the film is the script is unconvincing and the courtroom action is unegaging. Ret.Tom Chandler Richard McGonagle . that Ambassador Mourain was found guilty of perjury and sacked. As Childers steps outside the courthouse. However. the attorney of the prosecution.Hayes Lawrence Hodges III Costume Designer . During the testimony of Colonel Cao.Col. he would have done the same thing.

etc .html) by Mark Freeman.org/videos/ MediaRaceAndRepresentation/ReelBadArabs) External links • Rules of Engagement (http://www.mediaed.com/title/tt0160797/) at the Internet Movie Database • Rules of Engagement (http://www.3604. • Rotten Tomatoes: Aggregate of Film Reviews of "Rules of Engagement" (http://www. Friday August 11.com/apps/pbcs. The US army also appears really bad as you'd expect them to do less damage to the innocent then the movie portrays. 2000.not a war movie.00. the women and babies standing next to the armed shooting men so westerners cannot shoot back. especially in the court scene . co. including the armed grandmothers and young children. This is a very well done drama. one living among Arabs would know that the picture drawn of those fighting against the west and the Jews is completly true. uk/ international/ story/ 0.exactly as portrayed by the movie.com/contents/00/9/rules. html). very engaging. Senses of Cinema • Review (http://rogerebert.rottentomatoes.dll/article?AID=/20000407/REVIEWS/4070304/1023) by critic Roger Ebert.imdb.a movie not to be missed 262 References [1] Whitaker. but it probably portrays a more realistic view than we'd like to imagine. The Guardian. Chicago Sun-Times • "Reel Bad Arabs" Media Education Foundation (http://www.boxofficemojo.Cumulative Score of 37% • Review of "Rules of Engagement" (http://archive.355880. and definatly not an action movie.htm) at Box Office Mojo . guardian.com/m/ rules_of_engagement/) .com/movies/?id=rulesofengagement.suntimes.sensesofcinema. Brian.''Rules of Engagement (film)'' Review And yet. The 'towel-heads' take on Hollywood (http:/ / www. yet including several bloody scenes .

Jackson Jacqueline McKenzie LL Cool J Michael Rapaport Stellan Skarsgård Aida Turturro Trevor Rabin Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Stephen Windon Editing by Derek Brechin Dallas Puett Frank J. July 28.''Deep Blue Sea'' 263 Deep Blue Sea Deep Blue Sea Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Renny Harlin Akiva Goldsman Robert Kosberg Tony Ludwig Alan Riche [1] Rebecca Spikings Duncan Kennedy Donna Powers Wayne Powers Thomas Jane Saffron Burrows Samuel L.  United States  Australia Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country . Urioste Village Roadshow Pictures Warner Bros. 1999 105 min.

LL Cool J. Dr. However. saying "It was never going to crash any parties come Oscar night.''Deep Blue Sea'' Language Budget Gross revenue English $60. Plot On a remote top-secret island facility called Aquatica. The team of scientists have to escape the sinking research center and avoid being killed.142 264 Deep Blue Sea is a 1999 science fiction thriller film that stars Thomas Jane. violates the code of ethics. Deep Blue Sea is unoriginal and unintelligent. Jackson) to visit the facility. And that's exactly what you get. a team of scientists are searching for a cure for Alzheimer's disease. and genetically engineers three Mako sharks. Janice "Jan" Higgins Aida Turturro .Dr. the team manage to remove brain tissue from the largest shark the adult female. Susan McAlester LL Cool J . It's about giant sharks eating people. in a sacrificial effort to distract the last of the three sharks. Jackson . Unfortunately.648. Rotten Tomatoes gave it a 57% "rotten" rating with 51 out of 89 reviews counted fresh. and Samuel L Jackson. Susan McAlester (Saffron Burrows).Tom "Scoggs" Scoggins Stellan Skarsgård . 1999. Preacher (LL Cool J).Carter Blake Saffron Burrows . One by one the team is killed off by the sharks until only the cook. McAlester. and await rescue as boats containing other researchers come toward the facility. but were actually leading them to flooding the facility so they could escape into the open sea to breed. Saffron Burrows.000. the increased brain capacity also makes the sharks smarter. McAlester. without allowing the sharks to reach open water.Dr. and a consensus that says "Aside from a few thrills. Cast • • • • • • • • Thomas Jane . and Carter Blake (Thomas Jane) are left alive. The film was directed by Renny Harlin and was released in the United States on July 28. intending to increase their brain capacity so that they can harvest the tissue as a cure for Alzheimer's. and send a corporate executive (Samuel L."[2] .Russell Franklin Jacqueline McKenzie .Brenda Williams Reception The film received mixed reviews from critics. and flood the internal structure. Aquatica's financial backers are skeptical and nervous about the tests. an accident sets off a chain of events that allows the sharks to engineer an escape. One of them.Sherman "Preacher" Dudley Michael Rapaport .Dr. faster. allowing them entry to target the humans within it. allows it to kill her while Preacher and Blake blow the shark out of the water. but Deep Blue Sea remains defiant. or usurp previous nature-fights-back epics (Jurassic et al). They make the startling discovery that the sharks have not just been trying to kill them." Empire magazine gave the film three out of five stars. In order to prove that the research is worth it. Jim Whitlock Samuel L. and more dangerous.000 $164.

html) Official spelling of Dr. html?categoryId=25& cs=1).imdb.com/cmp/frameset. when Robert hears that LL Cool J stars in it.''Deep Blue Sea'' 265 Soundtrack A soundtrack was released on June 27. .metacritic.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Official website (http://http://deepbluesea. Thus. html External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://deepbluesea. com/ article/ VR1118021467.[3] In popular culture • Deep Blue Sea appeared on Mythbusters in the episode "Phone Book Friction" when they tested the many elements of the shark's death at the end of the film. filmtracks. The soundtrack made it to #55 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. • The movie is referenced in the comic strip The Boondocks when the Freeman family considers going to the cinema. Retrieved 2010-08-01. The released soundtrack contains 10 tracks.com/film/titles/deepbluesea) at Metacritic Deep Blue Sea (http://www.warnerbros. Records featuring rap and R&B music. asp?DVDID=5920) [3] http:/ / www. stating that he'd prefer watching a movie without a rap star starring in it because of his bad experiences with the film Anaconda. Sherman 'Preacher' Dudley. com/ reviews/ review. variety.com (http:/ / www. McAlester lived. • The license plate pulled from the shark's teeth by Carter is the same plate found in the tiger shark carcass from the 1975 Steven Spielberg film Jaws.com/cmp/5b.com/title/tt0149261/) at the Internet Movie Database Deep Blue Sea (http://www.html) Deep Blue Sea (http://www. • Note: In the film's original cut. but test audiences made it clear how much they disliked the character (going so far as to shout "Die. with the movies playing then being Deep Blue Sea and Lake Placid. • The Sealab 2021 episode Tinfins centers around the crew of Sealab making a movie which is an obvious spoof of Deep Blue Sea.com/m/1090759/) at Rotten Tomatoes Deep Blue Sea (http://www. 1999 by Warner Bros. Composer Trevor Rabin scored the original music for the film.rottentomatoes. played by LL Cool J. Conversely. [2] Deep Blue See Review -Empire Online. was to die but test audiences loved the character so much that filmmakers re-shot the ending and had him live. with most being proven untrue. McAlester . However. bitch!" at the screen) as her actions had caused all that had gone wrong.com/movies/?id=deepbluesea. empireonline.warnerbros. Variety Magazine. 2010-07-07. com/ titles/ deep_blue.boxofficemojo. the decision was made to re-shoot the ending so that her character died. References [1] "Producer Spikings-Goldsman dies of heart attack" (http:/ / www. they go to see Lake Placid.

558 Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones .317. 1999 133 minutes United States English $115 million [1] [1] $924.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 266 Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Theatrical poster by Drew Struzan Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Lucas Rick McCallum George Lucas George Lucas Liam Neeson Ewan McGregor Natalie Portman Jake Lloyd Ian McDiarmid Ray Park Ahmed Best John Williams Music by Cinematography David Tattersall Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by Ben Burtt Paul Martin Smith Lucasfilm 20th Century Fox May 19.

with its bureaucracy bloated and corrupt and its economy deteriorating. and it is landed on the planet Tatooine. Jar Jar leads them to the underwater Gungan city of Otoh Gunga. and that if Anakin wins. their starship must stop for repairs. Indebted to the Jedi. There they meet a young slave child named Anakin Skywalker. The film's premiere was accompanied by extensive media coverage and great anticipation. Hoping to resolve the matter. it grossed $924. to enter him in a podracing tournament. characterization and acting. the greedy Trade Federation organizes a blockade of battleships around the planet of Naboo. It is the fourth film to be released in the Star Wars saga. Narrowly evading death. who was dispatched to capture the Queen. Plot The Galactic Republic is in a period of decline. he will be freed. his mother Shmi Skywalker. they manage to escape. they allow one of her handmaids. Despite mixed reviews by critics. which is damaged on its way through the blockade surrounding the planet. Qui-Gon makes a bet with Anakin's owner. In response to a taxation on trade routes.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 267 Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas. as the first of a three-part prequel to the original Star Wars trilogy and the saga. Qui-Gon ventures into the settlement of Mos Espa with Jar Jar and R2-D2 to a junk shop to purchase a new hyperdrive generator. The Phantom Menace premiered in theaters on May 19. who praised the visuals and action sequences but criticized the writing. forcing them to land on the nearby desert planet Tatooine for repairs. Qui-Gon Jinn. The Phantom Menace was also Lucas' first product as a film director after 22 years. where the Jedi unsuccessfully attempt to persuade the Gungans to help the people of Naboo. to negotiate with Trade Federation Viceroy Nute Gunray. but he is forced to leave his mother behind because Qui-Gon was unable to arrange for her release as well. and only his fourth overall. Padmé to journey along with them. the Trade Federation has become in league with the evil Sith Lord Darth Sidious. the Supreme Chancellor dispatches two Jedi. who escort and protect Queen Amidala in traveling from the planet Naboo to the planet Coruscant in the hope of finding a peaceful end to a large-scale interplanetary trade dispute. Meanwhile. though they are able to obtain a transport to reach the Capital city of Theed on the surface. Its filming took place during 1997 at various locations including Leavesden Film Studios and the Tunisian desert. the 14th highest gross-income film of all time. the Return of the Jedi. making it the Star Wars film with the highest gross income (unadjusted for inflation). and the highest-income film of 1999. After spending time with Anakin. Unbeknown to them. a young slave boy who seems to be unusually strong with nascent powers of The Force. where the Jedi encounter Anakin Skywalker. 1999. Queen Amidala of Naboo is captured by the Federation army. and his Jedi apprentice Obi-Wan Kenobi. who orders them to kill the Jedi and invade Naboo with an army of battle droids. and their droid C-3PO. In fulfillment of the Queen's wishes. they are attacked by Darth Sidious' apprentice. Qui-Gon senses a strong presence of the Force within him. After a brief fight. and suspects he may be the Chosen One who will bring balance to the Force. . There Qui-Gon saves local Gungan outcast Jar Jar Binks from being trampled by a Federation tank. Along the way. It is also the seventh highest-income film of all time at the American box office. Darth Maul. Watto. they must contend with the mysterious return of the Sith. The Queen escapes Naboo with the Jedi on her personal starship. Its special effects included extensive use of computer-generated imagery (CGI). The film follows the Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn and his apprentice (padawan) Obi-Wan Kenobi. with some of its characters and its settings being completely computerized and not existing at all in the real world. Lucas began production of this motion picture after he had concluded that the science of movie special effects had advanced to the level of what he wanted for his fourth film in the Saga. but is rescued by the Jedi. sixteen years after the 1983 premiere of the previous film in the saga. the two Jedi stow aboard landing craft and escape to Naboo. Anakin manages to win the race and joins the group to be trained as a Jedi. Before they leave.3 million worldwide.

" Portman was chosen specially . He holds Qui-Gon in high regard. but grows frustrated with the lack of action by the Senate. Padmé reveals herself to be Queen Amidala. which deactivates the entire droid army.[2] • Natalie Portman as Queen Padmé Amidala: The young queen of Jake Lloyd portrayed 9-year-old Anakin Naboo at 14 years of age. but cast Neeson. The Jedi. despite the protests of the council. which would risk him turning to the dark side of the Force. meanwhile. Queen Amidala presents a gift of appreciation and friendship to the Gungan people. She indeed pushes such a vote. The Queen convinces the Gungan people to form an alliance against the Trade Federation. Amidala hopes to protect her planet from Skywalker a blockade brought on by the Trade Federation. with production notes stating that "The role required a young woman who could be believable as the ruler of that planet. the other "Queen" having been a decoy for her own protection. who has got the qualities of strength that the character demands. Qui-Gon is killed in the battle. ultimately deciding to return to Naboo with the Jedi. attempts to persuade the Jedi Council to train Anakin as a Jedi. When he discovers Anakin. using his skills with the Force to destroy it. Anakin commandeers a vacant starfighter and joins the dogfight against the Federation droid control ship in space. but at the same time be vulnerable and open. Obi-Wan is bestowed the rank of Jedi Knight. describing him as a "master actor. Senator Palpatine of Naboo convinces the Queen to move for a vote of no confidence in the Supreme Chancellor so they can vote for a new. encounter Darth Maul once more and engage him in a two-on-one lightsaber duel. Back on Naboo. Within the Senate. in both the original Star Wars trilogy and Guinness' early work. but questions his motives at times. stronger Chancellor who will help end the conflict.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' The Jedi escort the Queen to the Republic capital planet of Coruscant so she can plead her people's case to the Galactic Senate. he insists that the boy be trained as a Jedi. Qui-Gon. who is Irish. the Federation Viceroy is sent to stand trial for his crimes. meanwhile. Lucas originally envisioned an American actor in the role. 268 Cast • Liam Neeson as Qui-Gon Jinn: A Jedi Master and mentor to Obi-Wan. Theed. because he considered Neeson to have great skills and presence. who the other actors will look up to. but Obi-Wan manages to kill the Sith apprentice. and the Jedi Council reluctantly allows Anakin to become Obi-Wan's apprentice. McGregor prepared for the role by watching Alec Guinness. At a grand ceremony. Senator Palpatine is elected as the new Supreme Chancellor. While the inept Jar Jar leads his people in a battle against the droid army and the Queen moves in to capture Viceroy Gunray in Qui-Gon and Obi-Wan duel against Darth Maul."[2] • Ewan McGregor as Obi-Wan Kenobi: Qui-Gon's young Jedi Padawan apprentice. who portrayed the elderly Obi-Wan. Over 200 actresses [3] were auditioned for the role. but they refuse as Anakin is too old and has too many attachments.

He wandered in the set in a foam-and-latex suit and headpiece to provide reference for the actors. Park was originally only a member of the stunt crew.[8] Pernilla August as Shmi Skywalker: Anakin's mother. She is concerned for her son's future. Justin Berfield.[9] He was voiced by Peter Serafinowicz. so he could be erased during post-production — manipulated a skeletal C-3PO figure attached to his front.[5] • Ian McDiarmid as Palpatine/Darth Sidious: The Senator of Naboo. exiled from his home but taken in by Qui-Gon and Obi-Wan.[5] They included child actors Michael Angarano. August. "I was looking for someone who was young. With a design that was an amalgalm of various rejected ideas. Carson also portrays three minor characters: Jedi Master Ki-Adi-Mundi. but after offering to also voice the character. • Andy Secombe voices Watto: A junk dealer on Tatooine who owns Anakin and his mother as slaves. But his voice was considered "too squeaky".[9] Ray Park and Peter Serafinowicz as Darth Maul: A young Zabrak Sith apprentice to Darth Sidious who uses a double-bladed lightsaber.[8] and stunt coordinator Nick Gillard filmed Park to demonstrate how he envisioned the lightsaber battles.[13] . with his filmed performance later replaced by the computer-generated character. and an ill-fated pilot (which was the role Carson originally auditioned for).[12] • Hugh Quarshie as Captain Panaka: Queen Amidala's chief of security at Theed Palace. similar to the Japanese puppet theater Bunraku. Anthony Daniels voices C-3PO: A protocol droid built by Anakin.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' for her performances in The Professional (1994) and Beautiful Girls (1996). was accepted. photos of animation supervisor Rob Coleman imitating the character. because he had assumed that a younger actor would be play the part in the prequel films. was chosen after auditioning with Liam Neeson. A martial arts champion with experience in gymnastics and swordfighting. he lacks a metal covering in this film.[2] but was enthused over being cast as the Queen of Naboo. I think it will be good for young women to see a strong woman of action who is also smart and a leader.[6] The field narrowed to three actors. strong. Best was hired after Gurland saw him on a Stomp performance in San Francisco. Watto's expressions were based on video footage of Secombe doing the voice acting. More than 3. which impressed Lucas. Silas Carson as Nute Gunray: The Viceroy of the Trade Federation who leads the invasion of Naboo and tries to force Queen Amidala to sign a treaty to legitimize the occupation. who is eventually elected Chancellor of the Republic. and took about 15 minutes to apply.000 young actors auditioned for the role of Anakin Skywalker through North America and the United Kingdom."[2] The actress was unfamiliar with Star Wars prior to being cast. notable for saving Queen Amidala's ship when all other droids fail. He accompanies them throughout the film.[8] [10] Kenny Baker as R2-D2: An astromech droid. Lucas and McCallum were so impressed with the test tape that they gave Park the role of Maul. exerted a lot of pressure on the bearer."[4] • Jake Lloyd as Anakin Skywalker: A ten-year-old slave boy from Tatooine. while Daniels read his lines off-camera. McDiarmid was surprised when Lucas approached him 16 years after Return of the Jedi to reprise the role of Palpatine.[7] • Ahmed Best as the voice of Jar Jar Binks: A clumsy Gungan. and modeler Steve Alpin saying Watto's lines to the mirror.[8] and originally was just going to provide motion capturing.[11] Carson got the role because another actor was uncomfortable with the costumes 269 • • • • used by the Trade Federation characters — which were hot. He is discovered to have a higher midi-chlorian count than any Jedi. The Thai accent used by the character was chosen after Lucas and McCallum listened to various languages to pick how the Neimodians would speak. which R2-D2 refers to as being "naked". along the lines of Leia [and] Natalie embodied all those traits and more. a veteran of Swedish cinema. a character she expected to become a role model: "It was wonderful playing a young queen with so much power. although she was afraid of not being chosen due to her accent. and lets him leave with the Jedi. and is therefore exceptionally gifted in the Force.[9] Best • frequently improvised movements to make Jar Jar as clumsy and comedic as possible. A puppeteer — dressed in a color close to the one seen in the background. and Haley Joel Osment. leading him to be dubbed over. all of whom were interviewed by Lucas and then screen-tested with Natalie Portman.[2] He stated. Trade Federation Senator Lott Dod.

he was approached by cast director Robin Gurland to play Windu. with Oz controlling the mouth and other parts controlled by the puppeteers using remote controls. and had unofficially canceled his Sequel Trilogy by the time of Return of the Jedi. the idea of prequels continued to fascinate him. Vader became a tragic character and was ultimately redeemed. Lucas considered different directions in which to take the story. Star Wars saw a resurgence in popularity in the wake of Dark Horse's comic line and Timothy Zahn's trilogy of novels.[22] [23] By the time of the third draft Lucas had negotiated a contract that gave him rights to make two sequels. so their heads would be joined in a computer-generated body.[26] By the time of the final film of the trilogy.[20] • Keira Knightley as Sabé: Queen Amidala's body double and decoy. He had also by that point developed a fairly elaborate back-story to aid his writing process.[25] With this new backstory in place. until casting director Robin Gurland came across Knightley. After Jackson expressed interest in appearing in a Star Wars film. The visual effects crew did not like the original results. • Brian Blessed voices Boss Nass: The leader of the Gungan tribe who allies with the Naboo and defeats the Trade Federation. Blessed originally auditioned for Sio Bibble. Jackson as Mace Windu: A member of the Jedi Council who also opposes the idea of training Anakin.[14] with a camel-like face.[17] for which he was considered "too loud".[21] 270 Production Writing During the process of writing the original Star Wars. and developed a backstory depicting Vader as having once been Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker.[18] and a fun role to play. George Lucas had no desire to return to Star Wars.[8] • Terence Stamp as Supreme Chancellor Finis Valorum: The current Chancellor who commissions Obi-Wan and Qui-Gon to negotiate with the Trade Federation Viceroy. the Governor of Naboo.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' • Lewis MacLeod voices Sebulba: An aggressive. to a film actually belonging to the second trilogy in the saga. Lucas stated that he was "burned out" and would take a break from the series. The Queen's costumes were specifically designed to hide any height and shape differences between Knightley and Portman.[15] • Frank Oz as the voice of Yoda: The centuries old leader of the Jedi Council who is apprehensive about allowing Anakin to be trained. the original film was meant to be the introduction to a much wider story arc that could be covered by sequels if the first film turned out to be successful. The role was originally going to be filled by a stand-in. so much so that Portman's mother could not distinguish between the two on set. However.[28] In the early 1990s. The original movie eventually evolved. from being the first movie in the sequence. Lucas decided that the series would be a trilogy. and ended up crafting Fode and Beed as an entirely computer generated alien. and thus. who bore a striking resemblance to Natalie Portman. The Empire Strikes Back. Yoda was mostly portrayed as a puppet designed by Nick Dudman.[24] While writing the first sequel. The actors were filmed wearing make-up and blue bodysuits. Knightley's role was kept quiet by The Phantom Menace's marketing department in order to heighten the surprise of there being a decoy Queen when the film was released. He turned the villain Darth Vader into the father of hero Luke Skywalker. the two headed announcer of the Boonta's Eve Race. and clothing inspired by medieval armor. Sebulba's design was described by Lucas as "a spider crossed with an orangutan crossed with a sloth". But since Lucas had developed most of the backstory. Seeing that . a powerful warrior who was swayed to the dark side of the Force.[27] After losing much of his fortune in a divorce settlement in 1987. scheming Podracer and rival of Anakin. George Lucas reportedly realized that the story he had written was too vast in scope to be covered in one stand-alone film. Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi.[19] • Greg Proops and Scott Capurro voice Fode and Beed.[18] Blessed described Nass as a "reluctant hero". renaming the film from "Episode II" to "Episode V".[16] • Samuel L. based on Stuart Freeborn's original design.[9] A computer-generated Yoda is featured in two distant shots and Warwick Davis portrays him in the scene in which Obi-Wan becomes a Jedi Knight.

Gillard theorized that the Jedi would have had to develop a fighting style that merged every swordfighting style. with additional location shooting in the Tunisian desert for the Tatooine scenes and the Italian Caserta Palace for the Theed City Naboo Palace interior." Because of their short-range weapons. a reference to Palpatine hiding his true identity as an evil Sith Lord behind the facade of a well-intentioned public servant. Designer Trisha Biggar and her team created over one thousand costumes.[35] Filming began on June 26.[31] The screenplay for Star Wars was adapted from Lucas' 15-page outline that was written in 1976. . primarily taking place at Leavesden Film Studios in England. with inspiration from various cultures around the globe.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' there was still a large audience for his idea of a prequel trilogy. meant to be among five to six sequences per fight. an unexpected sandstorm destroyed many sets and props. George Lucas considered returning to directing. from a "filling-in" of history. to the beginning of one long story that started with Anakin's childhood and ended with his death. All future films would be shot using Sony CineAlta high-definition video cameras. This was the final step towards turning the franchise into a "saga". now indicating that Anakin Skywalker would be the main protagonist rather than Obi-Wan Kenobi. that he would be making the prequels. On the night following the third day of shooting in Tozeur.[36] The city of Mos Espa was built in the desert outside Tozeur. He began outlining the story.[34] Lucas later referred to Jedi as being "negotiators". Gillard would write a sequence to be an estimated 60 seconds long. such as tennis swings and tree-chopping. with other swinging techniques. 1997 and ended on September 30 of that year. Lucas also began to change how the prequels would exist relative to the originals. existing parallel or tangential to the originals.[31] While the working title for the film was The Beginning. in Variety among other sources. 1994.[29] By 1993 it was announced.[31] Lucas later revealed the true title to be The Phantom Menace. and that the series would be a tragic one examining Anakin's turn to the dark side. backstory. Doug Chiang and his design team started a two-year process of reviewing thousands of designs for the film.[34] Lucas also decided to make elaborate costumes. rather than high-casualty soldiers.[32] 271 Filming Within three to four months of Lucas beginning the writing process. With a quick rescheduling to allow for repairs. such as kendo and other kenjutsu styles. Gillard likened the lightsaber battles to a chess game "with every move being a check.[37] Remains of Mos Espa in the Tunisian desert The Phantom Menace would be the final Star Wars film to be shot on 35mm film.[33] Stunt coordinator Nick Gillard was recruited to create a new Jedi fighting style for the prequel trilogy. The preference of hand-to-hand combat was intended to give a more spiritual and intellectual role to the Jedi. production was able to leave Tunisia on the exact day originally planned. and with the explosion of CGI technology. The early outline was originally designed to help Lucas track the character backstories and what events had taken place before the original trilogy.[30] George Lucas began writing the new Star Wars trilogy on November 1. considering that the society was more sophisticated than the one depicted in the original trilogy. While training Liam Neeson and Ewan McGregor.

"more mysterious and mystical and less military" than the original trilogy. Another goal was to create computer-generated characters that could act seamlessly with live-action actors. the entire podracing scene is computer-generated.[14] About 1. Knoll later recounted that on hearing the explanations of the storyboards. the visual effects crew went to a jet junkyard outside Phoenix. it is therefore not in film order and omits many notable cues from the film due to space restrictions of a compact disc.950 of the shots have special effects.500 storyboards for the film. 1999. the score of The Phantom Menace was composed and conducted by John Williams. including all of the edits and loops that were made for the sound mix. Besides Jake Lloyd inside a hydraulic-controlled cockpit. While filming scenes with CGI characters. including the scenario.[36] Music As with previous Star Wars installments. with Lucas accompanying him to explain what factors of the shots would be practical and what would be created through visual effects. and foreshadow his transformation into Darth Vader by putting slight suggestions of The Imperial March into the melody. A CGI character would later be added into the shot. seven were built by ILM. and sent to Tunisia to provide reference in the film. Williams decided to use more electronic instruments such as synthesizers to enhance the sound.[42] A two-disc "Ultimate Edition" was released on November 14.[43] . which the effects crew tried to design as "out of this world" as possible. enabling it to run and being mostly used in stage sets. The voice actors were then removed and the live-action actors would perform the same scene alone. because that R2's motor drive system allowed it to drive over sand. 1999. Nine R2-D2 models were created. one was for actor Kenny Baker to be dropped into. to create their own versions for the robot. The set features almost the entire score as it is heard in the film. The result was to mix original techniques with the newest digital techniques to make it difficult for the viewer to guess which technique was being used. many special effects in the film industry were achieved by the use of miniature models. Williams tried to both reflect the innocence of his childhood. which uses the chorus introduced to give a religious. 2000. and scavenged for Boeing 747 engines.[14] Life-sized replicas of the engines were built. Lucas allowed two companies. and more choral pieces to "capture the magical. Lucas would block the characters using their corresponding voice actor on-set.[39] To research for the podrace vehicles. matte paintings.[14] Having confronted problems with the props used to depict R2-D2 before.[41] While composing Anakin's theme. New computer software was written by Knoll and his visual effects team to create certain shots in the film. completing the conversation. Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) and the production's British special effects department. He started working in the score in October 1998.[40] The soundtrack for the film was released by Sony Classical Records on May 4. and featured two wheelchair motors capable of pushing 440 pounds (198 kilograms) of weight. This album featured the score restructured by the composer as a listening experience. and was mostly used in Tunisia.[38] Lucas also used CGI to correct the physical presence of actors in certain scenes. temple-like feel to the epic lightsaber duel. mystical force that a regular orchestra might not have been able to provide" and reflect the different atmosphere. that even received its own music video. and on-set visual effects. and began recording the music with the London Voices and London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road Studios on February 10. with the scene where toxic gas is released on the Jedi being the only sequence without any digital alteration. although other films had made extensive use of computer-generated imagery (CGI). Visual effects supervisor John Knoll previewed 3. and the British studio produced a "pneumatic" R2 that was able to shift from two to three legs. he was unaware of any way to accomplish what he had seen.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 272 Effects Up until the production of The Phantom Menace.[40] One of the most notable tracks is "Duel of the Fates".

a work-issues consulting firm.[51] Daily Variety reported that theater owners received strict instructions from Lucasfilm that the film could only play in the cinema's largest auditorium for the first 8–12 weeks.[53] Eleven charity premieres were staged across the United States on May 16.[60] The theatrical trailer caused even more notable media hype.[61] and was aired on Entertainment Tonight and Access Hollywood. . 1999. 1999.[48] More theater lines appeared when it was announced that cinemas were not allowed to sell tickets in advance until two weeks into the release.[52] Despite worries about whether the film would be finished in time. because it not only premiered in theaters. 1999. Lucas stated that the film would be released on four digital projectors on June 18. so many workers announced plans to view premiere screenings that many companies shut down on the opening day. 1998. 1999. Tricon Global Restaurants and PepsiCo. Tickets were instead to be sold on a traditional first-come-first-served basis. among them were DreamWorks and Universal Studios.[57] The teaser trailer was pre-released on selected screens on November 17.[49] However. The company also made licensing deals for promotion with Hasbro.[54] Other charity premieres included the Dallas premiere for Children's Medical Center.[45] The Love Letter resulted in a box-office flop. Drew Struzan.[47] Queue areas formed outside cinema theaters over a month in advance of ticket sales. and the poster was unveiled on March 11. some advance tickets were sold by scalpers as high as $100 apiece. Star Wars Celebration.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 273 Release The release of the first new Star Wars film in 16 years was accompanied by a considerable amount of hype.[46] Challenger. was released on November 10. This was done out of fear that family theater-goers would be either unable to receive tickets or forced to pay higher prices. provided that there be a twelve-ticket limit per customer.[59] The teaser poster. A statement said that tickets were sold at $500 apiece and that certain sections were set aside for disadvantaged children. Lego. with the releases of The Love Letter and Notting Hill respectively.[50] As a result. no honor passes were allowed for the first eight weeks. and the Children's National Medical Center in Washington D. two weeks before its theatrical release Lucasfilm pushed the release date up from May 21. Colorado between April 30 and May 2. receipts from the Los Angeles event were donated to the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation with corporate packages available for $5. with the servers becoming gridlocked soon after.[58] A bootlegged version of the preview was leaked on the internet the same day. however. According to The Wall Street Journal. which was held in Denver. Lucasfilm agreed to allow advance ticket sales on May 12. the Big Brother/Sister Association of the Philadelphia premiere. which a distribution chief called "horrible". 1999. featuring Anakin with his shadow forming Darth Vader's silhouette.C. Lucasfilm dictated that.[56] Lucasfilm also helped the Star Wars fan club to organize a special event. 1998. stating it was exactly what they wanted to avoid. was commissioned to illustrate.000. At the ShoWest Convention. after meetings with the National Association of Theatre Owners. and there were even reports that people were paying full admission at theaters just to see the trailer. Lucas stated that the change was to give the fans a "head start" by allowing them to view it over the week and allowing families the chance to view it on the weekends.[44] Few film studios released films during the same week as the release of The Phantom Menace. 1999 to May 19. After Lucas opted for a drawn theatrical poster.[59] and the trailer was released the following morning on the film's official website. Foreshadowing his future conversion to digital cinematography. the Aubrey Fund for Pediatric Cancer Research at the Sloan-Kettering Hospital in New York. and they were obligated to send their payments to distributor 20th Century Fox within seven days. the artist responsible for the Special Edition posters.2 million full-time employees did not appear for work to attend the film. estimated that 2. whereas Notting Hill fared rather well and followed The Phantom Menace closely in second place. resulting in $293 million in lost productivity. but screened at the ShoWest Convention in Las Vegas.[55] Promotion Lucasfilm spent $20 million in The Phantom Menace's advertising campaign.000–$25. Gray & Christmas of Chicago. 1999.

The Phantom Menace became the fastest selling DVD ever in the US.[74] These scenes are: • "The Waterfall Sequence" in which Qui-Gon. Among the special features are seven deleted scenes completed specifically for the DVD. a standard pan-and-scan and a Collector's Edition widescreen.[65] and a junior novelization by Scholastic. including a full-length documentary entitled "The Beginning: Making Episode I".[69] The DVD version was re-released in a prequel trilogy box set on November 4. In its first two days of availability.[67] 274 Home video Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace was released on VHS on April 4. • "Anakin's Scuffle with Greedo" in which Anakin gets into a fight with a young Greedo.[64] a four-part comic book adaptation by Dark Horse Comics.[76] Reaction Critical reception The Phantom Menace received generally positive reviews from film critics.[72] On January 6. who accuses him of cheating. with 2. a commentary track featuring among others Lucas and producer Rick McCallum.[62] Many tie-in adaptations were released. who met with Lucas before writing the book and received his approval and guidance.000. the release was announced for September 2011 in three different editions. and later introduce the racers or the actual race.[77] making it the lowest rated Star Wars film of the original and prequel trilogy. 2001. especially the character of Jar Jar Binks. 2010.2 million copies sold in its first week after release. 500. Some aspects of the scripting were criticized. making it slightly different from its theatrical release while retaining an identical plot. such as a LucasArts video game for the PlayStation and PC. and includes a special documentary featuring George Lucas discussing why they were omitted. it was announced that all six films in the series will be stereo converted to 3D. it could not be modified in any way. 2011. and other than the text. who was regarded by many members of the older fan community as purely a merchandising opportunity rather than a serious character in .9/10.[68] Later it became the first Star Wars film to be officially released on DVD.[70] A LaserDisc version of The Phantom Menace was also released in Japan. several months before it was available on DVD in the US. Obi-Wan and Jar-Jar have to escape their sub before it goes over a waterfall. Brooks also wrote three chapters of unique material. including information about impending developments in the following two installments of the series. Struzan's illustration was the only art the foreign distributors could use. • Various parts of the podrace which starts with the morning of the podrace where Padmé awakens Anakin. 2008. The films will re-release in chronological order beginning with The Phantom Menace in late 2012.5 million copies and the limited edition.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' contractually.[63] a pinball machine by Williams. on October 16.[71] The Star Wars films are scheduled to be released on Blu-ray Disc in 2011. the regular version sold 4. It received a rating of 62% from Rotten Tomatoes with an average rating of 5. and a number of documentaries. in two different versions. [75] 3D Re-release On September 28. The DVD version of the film had certain scenes and other elements edited and inserted by George Lucas.[66] The official novelization of the film was written by Terry Brooks.[73] Deleted scenes Lucas eliminated some scenes which he felt improve the film. 2000.

despite the negative criticisms leveled at the film. George Lucas stated that the Star Wars films are for children."[86] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly complimented Liam Neeson's performance and the action scenes. many others praised The Phantom Menace. a comic-relief character who's frankly not funny.[97] Jar Jar Binks was described by one critic as "Servile and cowardly.[93] The introduction of midi-chlorians (microscopic organisms that allow communication with the Force) in the film has been controversial among fans.[82] although the Binks character was widely derided by fans and critics alike. there was controversy over whether several alien characters reflected racial stereotypes.[87] and Susan Wloszczyna of USA Today thought the movie did "plenty right". Ewan McGregor said that in retrospect The Phantom Menace slightly lacked some of the "humor and color" of the forthcoming prequels. agreed that the massive hype of the film caused much of the negative reaction. midi-chlorians provide a biological interface. including the characters of Darth Maul and Watto.[91] James Berardinelli would later note.[83] In 2002. He also criticized the American media for using fan opinions from the Internet as a reliable source for their news stories. Caputo adds." and stating that "Lucas tells a good story". with the release of Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones. Obi-Wan. of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer.[78] [79] [80] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times described Binks as "a major miscue.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' the film. saying "it built expectations that can't possibly be matched and scuttled element of storytelling surprise"." [81] In defense of the character."[85] Michael Eric Dyson." [85] However.[90] Similarly. Film historian Daniel Dinello notes."[84] One critic observed that. Roger Ebert gave it three and a half out of four stars. such as The Mummy and The Matrix. Those against it have seen it as a concept that negates the spiritual quality of the Force. Nevertheless. professor of African-American studies at Georgetown University. and stating to "give me transparent underwater cities and vast hollow senatorial spheres any day. seeing that they were just being introduced. He also felt "it's well made and entertaining" and believed it was much better than similar box office fare released around that year. "The Phantom Menace was probably the most overhyped motion picture of the last decade (if not longer)... and one of the best lightsaber duels in the entire Star Wars saga . He felt as a result of bearing the weight of setting up the entire saga. The Phantom Menace was rated by Entertainment Weekly as one of "The 25 Worst Sequels Ever Made". even if its ways are mysterious: their bodily cells have a heavier than usual concentration of 'midi-chlorians.[78] however. and the unprincipled desert trader Watto has been interpreted as a Fagin-esque Jewish or Italian stereotype.com remarked that the better moments of the film "don't merely balance out the weaker ones — they topple them. it seemed "kind of flat. . and its reputation suffered as a result of its inability to satisfy unreasonable expectations."[94] Religion expert John D.'"[95] After the release of the film.. "Anathema to Star Wars fanatics who thought they reduced the Force to a kind of viral infection.a black minstrel-ish stereotype on par with Stepin Fetchit. observed that the entire Gungan people seem oddly suggestive of a primitive African tribe: 275 . slow-witted Jar Jar Binks had long droopy ears reminiscent of dreadlocks and spoke with what many perceived as a Caribbean patois (particularly Jamaican Creole). animator Rob Coleman admitted that he viewed footage of Alec Guinness as Fagin in Oliver Twist to inspire his animators in creating Watto. Ebert also commented that it was perfectly fine for the characters being a bit less compelling."[92] William Arnold. Comcast ranked the film as the worst movie sequel of all time. Many fans and critics also agree that the lightsaber duel between Qui-Gon. The gifts that the Jedi masters enjoy have a perfectly plausible scientific basis. Lucas has categorically denied all of these implications. and a blockbuster of quite the most swashbuckling kind". notably: the oafish. and Darth Maul — showcasing astounding choreography and Ray Park's martial arts skills — is a high point. the link between physical bodies and spiritual energy.[96] the greedy and corrupt Neimoidians of the Trade Federation spoke with East Asian accents. "Perhaps the absolute creative freedom director George Lucas enjoyed while dreaming up the flick's 'comic' relief — with no studio execs and not many an independently minded actor involved — is a path to the dark side..[88] David Cornelius of efilmcritic."[89] Mark Dinning labeled The Phantom Menace "A great work from a great director. "In the 'Gospel according to Lucas' a world is conjured up in which the intractable oppositions that have tormented religious thinkers for centuries are reconciled. calling it "an astonishing achievement in imaginative filmmaking.

Worst Director. Best Visual Effects.[104] the MTV Movie Award for Best Action Scene. among others. Worst Supporting Actor (Jake Lloyd as Anakin).[101] Awards The Phantom Menace was nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Sound Effects. Worst Screenplay.[106] It was also nominated for. and the United Kingdom and Ireland ($81. Germany ($53. Worst Screen Couple (Jake Lloyd and Natalie Portman).[107] and the Grammy Award for Best Soundtrack. France and Algeria ($43 million). The Way is understood to have two sides.9 million). The Phantom Menace makes several references to both historical events and films from George Lucas' youth. The words ki (Japanese) and Ch'i (Chinese) are The face of Darth Maul drew upon depictions of the Devil. or Razzie. referring to the energy thought to flow through all living things from the source of all chi (or power) which is "The Way" or "The Tao" in Chinese philosophy. Worst Supporting Actress (Sofia Coppola as Saché)."[83] 276 Box office performance Despite its mixed critical reception. losing all three to The Matrix. Italy ($12. and he seems to be a caricature of a stereotypical African tribal chieftain. and fastest to $100 million gross in five days (surpassed in 2002 by Spider-Man). These included Worst Picture. the BAFTAs in Visual Effects and Sound.[103] The film won Saturn Awards for Best Costumes and Best Special Effects. Japan ($109. and Best Sound. Brazil ($10. translations of the Indian term "Prana".[108] Empire ranked The Phantom Menace 449th in a 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time. yin and yang.[109] Historical and cultural allusions Like previous Star Wars films. In Taoist philosophy. The name "Qui-Gon" adapts the term Qigong.[110] The Jedi practice Zen-like mind training and martial arts.4 million). Unlike Chinese . and won the Worst Supporting Actor category with Jar Jar Binks actor Ahmed Best. which refers to a Chinese discipline involving meditation and the cultivation of an unseen force "Chi" or "Qi" for healing. earning more than $431 million in North America and $493 million elsewhere.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' "The leader of Jar Jar's tribe is a fat.9 million).9 million). health and combat. as well as the most financially successful Star Wars film in the saga when not adjusted for inflation of ticket prices. surpassing Independence Day and Titanic respectively.[105] and a Young Artist Award for Jake Lloyd's performance.[98] It also became the fastest movie to reach the $200 million and $300 million mark. It broke The Lost World: Jurassic Park's records for the largest single-day gross with more than $28 million in the opening day (surpassed in 2001 by Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone).9 million).9 million). Spain ($25 million). Mexico ($12 million). as did the ancient Japanese Samurai warriors.[99] The Phantom Menace was 1999's most successful film. bumbling buffoon with a rumbling voice.[99] The worldwide total of $924 million makes it the fourteenth highest grossing film of all time. the film received several Golden Raspberry.[100] International grosses which exceeded $10 million included Australia ($25. breaking many box office records in its debut. nominations. The Star Wars movies typically mix several selected concepts from different mythologies and religions together.[102] In contrast. The Phantom Menace was a major financial success.

archive. html) on 2004-10-23." Finally. . org/ web/ 20041023023458/ http:/ / www. 2005-04-14. Glow" (http:/ / www. [2] "Star Wars Episode I Production Notes: The Actors and Characters — Part I" (http:/ / web. com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ movies/ ?id=starwars. "Ready. starwars. com/ episode-ii/ bts/ profile/ f20020530/ index. the same work that heavily influenced Lucas in his writing of the original Star Wars trilogy. [14] Corliss. com/ episode-i/ bts/ production/ f19990617/ index. tiscali. org/ web/ 20080202050217/ http:/ / www. "Behind the scenes of The Phantom Menace" (http:/ / www. Film historians Geoff King and Tanya Krzywinska assert. [8] "Star Wars Episode I Production Notes: The Actors and Characters — Part II" (http:/ / web. org/ web/ 20071102150746/ www. His fall from grace seemingly prevents him from fulfilling his destiny as the "chosen one" — the individual prophesied to bring balance to the Force. the force of time itself (Zurvan): the prime mover. time.. [12] "Silas Carson: Hero with a Thousand Faces" (http:/ / web. . Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-04-05. html). These elements derive primarily from Eastern and Iranian religions and myths. [5] 3000 Anakins DVD Special Featurette. whose design draws heavily from traditional depictions of the Christian Devil. html). . starwars. starwars. html).com. archive. StarWars. com/ episode-iii/ bts/ profile/ beacon134. starwars. com/ episode-i/ bts/ production/ f19990501/ indexp4. archive. "Amidala. html) on 2008-02-02. com/ episode-ii/ bts/ profile/ f20020530/ index.com.com. Retrieved 2009-04-05. html) on 2007-11-02. html) on 2004-10-23. archive. the "chosen one" conceived of a virgin birth. html). starwars. Tiscali. complete with red skin and horns. 2002-05-30. html). 1999-05-01." 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com/) .com/m/ star_wars_episode_i_the_phantom_menace/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.com/title/tt0120915/) at the Internet Movie Database • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.starwars.com/movies/episode-i/) at StarWars.com/film/titles/starwarsi) at Metacritic • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.com/work/179455) at Allmovie • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.com (http://www.starwars.com/movies/?id=starwars.allmovie.metacritic.rottentomatoes.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 281 External links • Official website (http://www.boxofficemojo.starwars.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.com/movies/episode-i/) • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.imdb.

1997 154 minutes United States English $12 million $72.''Jackie Brown (film)'' 282 Jackie Brown (film) Jackie Brown Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Elmore Leonard Richard N. Jackson Robert Forster Robert De Niro Michael Keaton Bridget Fonda Screenplay by Story by Starring Cinematography Guillermo Navarro Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Sally Menke A Band Apart Lawrence Bender Productions Miramax Films December 25. Gladstein Bob Weinstein Harvey Weinstein Quentin Tarantino Elmore Leonard (novel) Pam Grier Samuel L.162 [1] .673.

during which Nicolette could observe the operation. Sensing that Jackie may be just as likely to inform as Livingston had been.000 of Ordell's money. The film stars Pam Grier. Robert De Niro. has been arrested. Ordell arranges her bail. Ordell arrives armed and dangerous. There are a number of hints during the movie given by Cherry in his dialogue with Jackie about why he makes the choice he makes. The film garnered Forster an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. a gun runner under the close watch of the ATF. Jackie barters a deal with Ordell whereby she will pretend to help the authorities while still managing to smuggle $500. It was Tarantino's third film following his successes with Reservoir Dogs (1992) and Pulp Fiction (1994). Her real intention is to swap bags there with Melanie and Louis. In a large shopping mall near Los Angeles (the real Del Amo Fashion Center. Nicolette and Dargus arrange a sting to catch Ordell. the stage is set for the actual event. Bridget Fonda and Michael Keaton. Grier and Forster were both veteran actors but neither had performed a leading role in many years. With Jackie's help. Unbeknownst to the others. Sheronda (Lisa Gay Hamilton). she gives Melanie only $50. enough to allow him to retire. and Jackson and Grier were nominated for Golden Globe Awards. a former cellmate.000 under Nicolette's nose. Jackie yells out that Ordell has a gun and he is shot by Nicolette. Fearing that Livingston will become an informant in order to avoid jail time. Beaumont Livingston (Chris Tucker). But using a gun she surreptitiously borrows from Cherry. Acting on information Livingston had indeed shared. Melanie gets on Louis' nerves more and more. She initially refuses to deal with Nicolette and Dargus. the job enables her to smuggle money from Mexico into the United States for Ordell Robbie (Samuel L. To carry out this plan. which is portrayed as it exists in the film). who was hidden in another room. finally leading him to shoot and kill her while making their escape after she smarts off one too many times. Max Cherry arrives to pick her up and. Louis Gara (Robert De Niro). ATF agent Ray Nicolette (Michael Keaton) and LAPD detective Mark Dargus (Michael Bowen) intercept Jackie as she arrives in the United States with Ordell's cash and some cocaine that Brown was unaware was stashed along with the cash. Ordell discovers that Louis has only $40. Samuel L. Jackie then feigns despair as she calls Nicolette and Dargus out from hiding and claims Melanie took all the money and ran. Ordell arranges for his bail with bondsman Max Cherry (Robert Forster) and promptly leads Livingston to his death. Ordell arrives at Jackie's house intending to murder her. and in anger. But he declines to go with Jackie for reasons that the audience are left to interpret for themselves. Despite the low pay. so is sent to jail on possession of drugs with intent to sell. the latest step down for her career. Jackson.000 and leaves the rest behind in the dressing room for Max to pick up. a suspicious Ordell kills his friend Louis. Jackie plans to deceive them both with the help of Cherry in order to keep the $500. Jackie buys a new suit and enters a dressing room. unaware that Jackie and Ordell plan to double cross them by diverting the actual money before the authorities make an arrest. "my little blond surfer girl" Melanie Ralston (Bridget Fonda).000 in the bag (Melanie having kept $10. In the parking lot. Jackie Brown (Pam Grier) is a flight attendant for a small Mexican airline.000 for herself after being tricked into doing so by Jackie). Robert Forster. Ordell employs a woman he lives with.000 for herself.''Jackie Brown (film)'' Jackie Brown is a 1997 American crime film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. After a trial run. plus his friend. Instead. It is an adaptation of the novel Rum Punch by American novelist Elmore Leonard and pays homage to 1970's blaxploitation films. where Jackie is said to be frightened and waiting to hand over his money. clearly in love with her as they kiss. Max is tempted. Some include Max's wanting to get out of the bail . only partly masking his physical attraction. In the clear with the law and in possession of the money. offers to buy her a drink and help determine her legal options. He also uses a naïve Southern girl. Jackson). Lured back to Max's office. He is also concerned about the involvement of Max Cherry. 283 Plot Living in the Los Angeles area in 1995. having been told by Louis that he spotted Max in the store before the pickup. Jackie Brown revitalized both actors' careers. supposedly passing off the $500. Then Ordell realizes that it was Jackie who took his money. Jackie decides to go away for a while and invites Max to go along. Later that night. Ordell learns that another of his workers.

Jackson for Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy." which is also said by Hannah's character in Kill Bill. such as Black Mama. also based on an Elmore Leonard novel. The film's opening sequence is similar to that of The Graduate. Grier and Jackson were nominated for a Golden Globe.. The Acuna Boys are also mentioned in the Death Proof portion of Grindhouse. In Jackie Brown.. The film's poster resembles those of Grier's films Coffy and Foxy Brown and includes quotes from both films.''Jackie Brown (film)'' bond business and find something else to do to being too old to start a new adventure in life ("I'm just tired in general. 284 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Pam Grier as Jackie Brown Samuel L. Jackie Brown alludes to Grier's career in many ways. Jackson as Ordell Robbie Robert De Niro as Louis Gara Michael Keaton as Ray Nicolette Bridget Fonda as Melanie Ralston Robert Forster as Max Cherry Michael Bowen as Mark Dargus Chris Tucker as Beaumont Livingston Lisa Gay Hamilton as Sheronda Tommy "Tiny" Lister Jr. Tarantino has alluded to Jackie Brown in later films. which is from the film of the same name that was a part of the same basic "blaxploitation" genre as that of Foxy Brown and Coffy. but his reasons for turning down a woman he is obviously in love with remain intentionally ambiguous at the film's closing. Jackson's character also says "Pay attention because this concerns you. White Mama. as did Samuel L. Reception Jackie Brown received a positive critical reception and a score of 85% on Rotten Tomatoes. in which Dustin Hoffman passes wearily through LAX past white tiles to a somber "The Sound of Silence" by Simon and Garfunkel soundtrack. Later references to Jackie Brown Michael Keaton reprised his role as Ray Nicolette in Steven Soderbergh's film Out of Sight. The gang that Esteban Vihaio runs in Kill Bill is the Acuna Boys." [2] ). Grier for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy. Pam Grier was cast partly due to her involvement with the blaxploitation genre. Forster was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. as Winston Hattie Winston as Simone Sid Haig as Judge Denise Crosby (uncredited) as Public defender Quentin Tarantino (uncredited) as Answering machine voice Production Tarantino changed the race of the main character of Leonard's novel from white to black. The film helped revive the careers of Grier and Forster. a name that originally appeared on a cup on Sheronda's tray when Jackie first meets her at the mall. Across 110th Street by Bobby Womack. in which she had made several films. . Jackson. some of the background music is lifted from these films. Grier walks past the same spot to a soaring soul music song. The typeface for the film's opening titles was also used for those of Foxy Brown. who received critical praise for their performances.[3] Roger Ebert rated the film as one of his favorites of 1997..

com/title/tt0119396/) at the Internet Movie Database Jackie Brown (http://www. External links • • • • Jackie Brown (http://www. released by Buena Vista in 2002 includes an introduction from Tarantino. one of Grier.imdb. Although the back cover of the Special Edition DVD states that the film is presented in a 2. txt Jackie Brown script online [3] "Jackie Brown Movie Reviews.boxofficemojo.htm) at Box Office Mojo Jackie Brown (http://www.com/movies/?id=jackiebrown. and on the back of that. similar to the one above. 1997. Wednesday. and over an hour of trailers for Pam Grier and Robert Forster movies dating from the 1960s onwards. entitled Jackie Brown: Music from the Miramax Motion Picture. can be heard throughout the film. a half-hour making-of documentary ("How It Went Down"). php). DVD The Special Edition DVD. A number of songs used in the movie do not appear on the soundtrack. .85:1 ratio. There was no film score composed for Jackie Brown. Tarantino used music from various genres. godamongdirectors. the-numbers. Coffy. "The Man from Hollywood". written reviews and articles and filmographies.''Jackie Brown (film)'' 285 Soundtrack The soundtrack album for Jackie Brown. both similar to the album cover.rottentomatoes.allmovie. References [1] "Jackie Brown Box Office Data" (http:/ / www. a subtitle trivia track and soundtrack chapter selection. Rotten Tomatoes. August 26. the other of Forster. Retrieved 2010-03-16. Songs by The Delfonics and Slash's Snakepit are heard throughout the film. such as "Cissy Strut" (The Meters) and "Undun" (The Guess Who). Also. rottentomatoes.com/m/jackie_brown/) at Rotten Tomatoes . com/ scripts/ jackiebrown. including an alternate opening title sequence. the only Tarantino-directed film to date shot in such a format with the exception of his segment in the film Four Rooms. . it was actually shot with a 1. many deleted and alternate scenes.35:1 aspect ratio. some music from Grier's earlier film. the entire "Chicks With Guns" video as seen in the movie. The original soundtrack features separate tracks with dialogue from the film. two other mini-posters. 2009. was released on December 9. [2] http:/ / www. TV spots and theatrical trailers. Retrieved 26 August 2009. an hour-long retrospective interview.com/work/158843) at Allmovie Jackie Brown (http://www. instead. Siskel and Ebert's review of the movie. com/ m/ jackie_brown/ ). Jackie Brown appearances on MTV. The box also includes a mini-poster of the film. Pictures" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ 1997/ JACKI.

1994 (United States) 154 minutes United States English US$8. Jackson Uma Thurman Harvey Keitel Tim Roth Amanda Plummer Maria de Medeiros Ving Rhames Eric Stoltz Rosanna Arquette Christopher Walken Bruce Willis Cinematography Andrzej Sekuła Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Sally Menke Miramax Films (U.9 million (worldwide) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue .''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 286 Pulp Fiction (film) Pulp Fiction Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Quentin Tarantino Roger Avary John Travolta Samuel L. theatrical) May 1994 (Cannes) [1] October 14.9 million (domestic) US$212.S.5 million US$107.

5. 2. 1. Pulp Fiction is self-referential from its opening moments. eclectic dialogue. prizefighter Butch Coolidge is the lead of the second. 6. Pulp Fiction's influence has been felt in several other media. and host of cinematic allusions and pop culture references. 7. is presented out of chronological sequence. then picks up the stories of Vincent.[7] Although each storyline focuses on a different series of incidents. the narrative is presented out of sequence. Considered a cultural watershed. who cowrote its screenplay with Roger Avary.[3] Critic Geoffrey O'Brien argues otherwise: "The old-time noir passions. 2. and Vincent's fellow contract killer.[6] Pulp Fiction is viewed as the inspiration for many later movies that adopted various elements of its style. marketing. Pulp Fiction joins the intersecting storylines of Los Angeles mobsters. small-time criminals. and a mysterious briefcase. as did costars Samuel L. Sequences 1 and 7 partially overlap and are presented from different points of view. There are a total of seven narrative sequences—the three primary storylines are preceded by identifying intertitles on a black screen: 1. b—present) "The Gold Watch" "The Bonnie Situation" Epilogue—The Diner (ii) If the seven sequences were ordered chronologically. [It is] neither neo-noir nor a parody of noir". including mob kingpin Marsellus Wallace. Prologue—The Diner (i) Prelude to "Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife" "Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife" Prelude to "The Gold Watch" (a—flashback. A major critical and commercial success. Mia. who received an Academy Award nomination. and Foster Hirsch suggests that its "trippy fantasy landscape" characterizes it more definitively than any genre label. and distribution and its consequent profitability had a sweeping effect on the field of independent cinema (although it is not an independent film itself). they would run: 4a. Considerable screen time is devoted to conversations and monologues that reveal the characters' senses of humor and perspectives on life. The nature of its development. Jackson and Uma Thurman. the same is true of sequences 2 and 6. Tarantino and Avary won for Best Original Screenplay. as in many of Tarantino's other works. Jules Winnfield. the brooding melancholy and operatic death scenes. 7. The plot. who have stopped in for a bite. including Best Picture. beginning with a title card that gives two dictionary definitions of "pulp". mob hitman Vincent Vega is the lead of the first story. Butch. 3. The film is known for its rich. nonlinear storyline. his wife. Similarly. unconventional structure. and extensive use of homage and pastiche have led critics to describe it as a prime example of postmodern film. ironic mix of humor and violence. they connect and intersect in various ways. and several other important characters. Narrative structure In keeping with writer-director Quentin Tarantino's trademark of nonlinear storytelling. it revitalized the career of its leading man.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 287 Pulp Fiction is a 1994 American crime film directed by Quentin Tarantino. and underworld problem-solver Winston Wolf. Directed in a highly stylized manner. would be altogether out of place in the crisp and brightly lit [4] wonderland that Tarantino conjures up. The film's title refers to the pulp magazines and hardboiled crime novels popular during the mid-20th century. Nicholas [5] Christopher calls it "more gangland camp than neo-noir". 4.[2] the film is also frequently labeled a "neo-noir". It was also awarded the Palme d'Or at the 1994 Cannes Film Festival. John Travolta. 4b. The film was nominated for seven Oscars. Jules. in the diner: Vincent and Jules. Pulp Fiction is structured around three distinct but interrelated storylines—in Tarantino's conception. known for their graphic violence and punchy dialogue. is the lead of the third. find themselves embroiled in the hold-up. The picture's self-reflexivity. The film starts out with a diner hold-up staged by "Pumpkin" and "Honey Bunny". 3. fringe players. It finally returns to where it began. In Philip . 6. Considered by some critics a black comedy. 5.

they administer an adrenaline shot to Mia's heart. While Vincent is in the bathroom. from where he has just returned—the hash bars in Amsterdam. Mia Wallace (Uma Thurman) and take her out. Mia finds his stash of heroin in his coat pocket. Jackson) drives. the French McDonald's and its "Royale with Cheese". Prelude to "Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife" As Jules Winnfield (Samuel L. Prelude to "The Gold Watch" Television time for young Butch (Chandler Lindauer) is interrupted by the arrival of Vietnam veteran Captain Koons (Christopher Walken). "Fox Force Five". A bell rings. Mistaking it for cocaine.[9] 288 Plot Prologue "Pumpkin" (Tim Roth) and "Honey Bunny" (Amanda Plummer) are having breakfast in a diner. Vincent and Jules—now inexplicably dressed in T-shirts and shorts—arrive to deliver the briefcase. aging prizefighter Butch Coolidge (Bruce Willis) accepts a large sum of money from Marsellus (Ving Rhames). He is in his boxing colors—it is time for the fight he has been paid to throw. They conclude their banter and "get into character". and Butch and Vincent briefly cross paths. The dress-suited pair are on their way to retrieve a briefcase from Brett (Frank Whaley). Vincent says that Marsellus has asked him to escort his wife while Marsellus is out of town. They head to Jack Rabbit Slim's. Mia and Vincent agree not to tell Marsellus of the incident. He shoots up before driving over to meet Mrs. agreeing to take a dive in his upcoming match. Vincent rushes her to Lance's house for help. The next day. gangster Marsellus Wallace. [10] The "famous dance scene": Vincent Vega (John Travolta) and Mia Wallace (Uma Thurman) do the twist at Jack Rabbit Slim's. the scene breaks off and the title credits roll. they return to the Wallace house with the trophy. Butch's father died of dysentery while in a POW camp. They decide to rob it after realizing they could make money off the customers as well as the business. Jules tells Vincent that Marsellus had someone thrown off a fourth-floor balcony for giving his wife a foot massage. Vincent drops by the house of Lance (Eric Stoltz) and Jody (Rosanna Arquette) to score some high-grade heroin. Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife In a virtually empty cocktail lounge. After participating in a twist contest. and at his dying request Koons hid the watch in his rectum for two years in order to deliver it to Butch. the structural form is "an episodic narrative with circular events adding a beginning and end and allowing references to elements of each separate episode to be made throughout the narrative. a 1950s-themed restaurant staffed by lookalikes of the decade's pop icons. . Together. she snorts it and overdoses. passed down through generations of Coolidge men since World War I.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Parker's description. Vincent Vega (John Travolta) talks about his experiences in Europe."[8] Other analysts describe the structure simply as a "circular narrative". Mia recounts her experience acting in a failed television pilot. which soon involves executing Brett in dramatic fashion after Jules recites a baleful "biblical" pronouncement. Before parting ways. startling the adult Butch out of this reverie. reviving her. Moments after they initiate the hold-up. who has transgressed against their boss. Koons explains that he has brought a gold watch. as they did during their previous heist.

Vincent asks Marvin for his opinion about the "miracle". hysterical. In a brief cutaway. Bonnie. Jimmy's wife. Jules surprises "Pumpkin" (whom he calls "Ringo"). "Pumpkin" demands all of the patrons' valuables. Butch has double-crossed Marsellus. trains her gun on Jules. Butch kills Maynard with a katana. pauses for a snack.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 289 The Gold Watch Butch flees the arena. although Marsellus's men are almost certainly looking for him. Butch discovers that she has forgotten to pack the irreplaceable watch. Butch breaks loose and knocks out the gimp. then another automobile collides with his. is due back from work soon and he is very anxious that she not encounter the scene. Forced to remove their bloodied car from the road. from where Wolf and the owner's daughter. The next morning. Vincent emerges from the restroom with his gun trained on her. and change into T-shirts and shorts provided by Jimmy. . hide the body in the trunk. captures them at gunpoint and ties them up in a half-basement area. Marsellus informs Butch that they are even with respect to the botched fight fix. Butch drives away but while waiting at a traffic light. that he killed the opposing fighter. "The Wolf" takes charge of the situation. He returns to his apartment to retrieve it. including Jules's mysterious case. betting his payoff on himself at very favorable odds. Hearing the toilet flush. Marsellus arranges for the help of Winston Wolf (Harvey Keitel). Butch finds the watch quickly. Jules calls upon the house of his friend Jimmy (Quentin Tarantino). and accidentally shoots him in the face. Fabienne (Maria de Medeiros). Making his getaway by taxi. Butch readies the gun in time to kill a startled Vincent Vega exiting the bathroom. He is about to flee when he decides to save Marsellus. another man (Alexis Arquette) bursts out of the bathroom and shoots wildly at them. The Bonnie Situation The story returns to Vincent and Jules at Brett's. As his first act of redemption. their informant. Jules expresses his ambivalence about his life of crime. finishing the hitman's final job for his boss. Maynard is joined by Zed (Peter Greene). they take Marsellus to another room to rape him. "Honey Bunny". so long as he never tells anyone about the rape and departs Los Angeles forever. creating a Mexican standoff. Butch rams Marsellus with the car. The shopowner. Jules decides this is a miracle and a sign from God for him to retire as a hitman. After they execute him. head off to breakfast and Jules and Vincent decide to do the same. leaving a silent masked figure referred to as "the gimp" to watch a tied-up Butch. Reprising his pseudo-biblical passage. dispose of their own bloody clothes. Marsellus retrieves Maynard's shotgun and shoots Zed in the groin. are lying low. After a foot chase the two men land in a pawnshop. he allows the two robbers to take the cash they have stolen and leave. Epilogue As Jules and Vincent eat breakfast in a coffee shop the discussion returns to Jules's decision to retire. At Jules's request. They drive off with one of Brett's associates. we see "Pumpkin" and "Honey Bunny" shortly before they initiate the hold-up from the movie's first scene. pondering how they were spared and leaving the briefcase to be returned to Marsellus. Raquel (Julia Sweeney). Only then does he notice a submachine gun on the kitchen counter. ordering Jules and Vincent to clean the car. he learns from the death-obsessed driver. Butch agrees and returns to pick up Fabienne on Zed's chopper. They drive the car to a junkyard. As Zed is raping Marsellus on a pommel horse. having won the bout. the hold-up commences. missing every time before an astonished Jules and Vincent return fire. Marsellus walks by and recognizes him. at the motel where he and his girlfriend. While Vincent is in the bathroom. Maynard (Duane Whitaker). Marvin (Phil LaMarr). holding him at gunpoint. but thinking he is alone. Esmarelda Villalobos (Angela Jones).

[13] Two scenes originally written by Avary for the True Romance screenplay... there were . Tarantino had in mind a specific character from a classic Hollywood crime story: "I wanted him to be basically like Ralph Meeker as Mike Hammer in Aldrich's Kiss Me Deadly [1955].. Curdled. which paid Tarantino for the right to consider exercising its option.[25] In June.. Tarantino also accompanied Reservoir Dogs around the European film festivals. I wanted him to be a bully and a jerk". having characters float in and out with different weights depending on the story."[15] In at least one case.[16] Tarantino went to work on the script for Pulp Fiction in Amsterdam in March 1992. Michael Shamberg. in October 1992. these genre characters and these genre situations and actually apply them to some of real life's rules and see how they unravel.[26] There were suggestions that TriStar was resistant to backing a film featuring a heroin user.[11] The initial inspiration was the three-part horror anthology film Black Sabbath (1963).[17] He was joined there by Avary. in Pulp Fiction and later backed the filmmakers' production of a feature-length version of Curdled. that Tarantino saw at a film festival. Bender and Tarantino's newly formed production company. "Part of the trick is to take these movie characters. Lawrence Bender. Tarantino returned to the notion of a trilogy film: "I got the idea of doing something that novelists get a chance to do but filmmakers don't: telling three separate stories. In January 1993.. so the film became a trilogy. boxer Butch Coolidge. would form the basis for the "Gold Watch" storyline of Pulp Fiction. initial financing and office facilities. exclusively credited to Tarantino. He cast the lead actress."[7] "I'm using old forms of storytelling and then purposely having them run awry"... and Stacey Sher.[19] The script included a couple of made-up commercial brands that would feature often in later Tarantino films: Big Kahuna burgers (a Big Kahuna soda cup appears in Reservoir Dogs) and Red Apple cigarettes. by Italian filmmaker Mario Bava. with one section by Tarantino. Angela Jones. Jersey had attempted to sign Tarantino for his next project. Pulp Fiction appeared on a Variety list of films in preproduction at TriStar. But they quickly realized that nobody produces shorts. the Pulp Fiction script was complete. one by Avary. Each eventually expanded his section into a feature-length script. 'Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife'—the oldest story about. after the seminal hardboiled crime fiction magazine.[24] In February. however. on the theory that it would be easier to get made than a feature. were incorporated into the opening of "The Bonnie Situation": the "miraculous" missed shots by the hidden gunman and the rear seat automobile killing. You know. his directorial debut. Released in the U. Avary's. TriStar chief Mike Medavoy found it "too demented". who contributed "Pandemonium Reigns" to the project and participated in its rewriting as well as the development of the new storylines that would link up with it.[21] Financing Tarantino and his producer.[22] Ultimately a development deal worth around $1 million had been struck—the deal gave A Band Apart."[14] Tarantino explains that the idea "was basically to take like the oldest chestnuts that you've ever seen when it comes to crime stories—the oldest stories in the book. brought the script to Jersey Films. the picture was a critical and commercial success.[23] Jersey had a distribution and "first look" deal with Columbia TriStar. You know.. Before even seeing Reservoir Dogs. the production company run by Danny DeVito.[12] Tarantino's script was produced as Reservoir Dogs. The Tarantino–Avary project was provisionally titled "Black Mask".the guy's gotta go out with the big man's wife and don't touch her. titled "Pandemonium Reigns".[24] According to a studio executive.[13] With work on Reservoir Dogs completed.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 290 Development and production Writing The first element of what would become the Pulp Fiction screenplay was written by Roger Avary in the fall of 1990: Tarantino and Avary decided to write a short.S.[18] The notion of the crimeworld "cleaner" that became the heart of the episode was inspired by a short. he says. Jersey got a share of the project and the right to shop the script to a studio. the studio put the script into turnaround. and one by a third director who never materialized. you've seen the story a zillion times.[20] As he worked on the script.

Someone's dead and then they're alive. It's too long.[41] [42] She dominated most of the film's promotional material. Bob—was instantly enthralled by the script and the company picked it up. Miramax garnered $11 million for the film's worldwide rights. the concept remains unrealized. It makes no sense.. the formerly independent studio that had recently been acquired by Disney. who had a major role—Vic Vega—in Reservoir Dogs. Uma Thurman as Mia Wallace: Miramax favored Holly Hunter or Meg Ryan for the role. In 2004. She took little advantage of her newfound fame. Jackson as Jules Winnfield: Tarantino had written the part with Jackson in mind. but Tarantino wanted Thurman after their first meeting.000—but the film's success and his Oscar nomination as Best Actor revitalized his career. and the John Woo blockbuster Face/Off.[43] Thurman would later star in Tarantino's two Kill Bill movies.[30] It became the first movie that Miramax completely financed. but Tarantino and Jackson agreed on the Jheri-curled wig seen in the film.'. Calderon appears in the movie as Paul. a bartender at Marsellus's social club. the first Miramax project to get a green light after the Disney acquisition. chose to appear in Kevin Costner's Wyatt Earp instead.[32] The biggest star to sign on to the project was Bruce Willis.[27] Avary—who was about to start shooting his own directorial debut.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' also indications that the studio simply saw the project as too low-budget for its desired star-driven image. Madsen was still rueing his choice over a decade later. he was still a major overseas draw. 'That's that!'"[28] Bender brought the script to Miramax. and unfilmable. Killing Zoe—has said that TriStar's objections were comprehensive. was budgeted at $8. Harvey Weinstein convinced Jackson to audition a second time. violent.000 or $140. choosing not to do any big-budget films for the next three years.[38] Jules was originally scripted with a giant afro. So I thought. encompassing the script's fundamental structure.[33] 291 Cast John Travolta as Vincent Vega: Tarantino cast Travolta in Pulp Fiction only because Michael Madsen.[36] Travolta was subsequently cast in several hits including Get Shorty. She was nominated for the Best Supporting Actress Oscar and was launched into the celebrity A-list. On the strength of his name. . Harvey Weinstein—co-chairman of Miramax. Though he had recently appeared in several big-budget flops.[37] Samuel L.[29] Pulp Fiction. Jackson assumed the audition was merely a reading. Tarantino discussed an idea for a movie starring Travolta and Madsen as the Vega brothers.[31] Helping hold costs down was the plan Bender executed to pay all the main actors the same amount per week. virtually ensuring its profitability. Alfre Woodard and Meg Tilly were also considered. regardless of their industry status.[34] Harvey Weinstein pushed for Daniel Day-Lewis in the part. in which he played a similar character. He characterizes the studio's position: "'This is the worst thing ever written. but the actor nearly lost it after his first audition was overshadowed by Paul Calderon's..5 million. appearing on a bed with cigarette in hand.)[40] Jackson received an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor.[35] Travolta accepted a bargain rate for his services—sources claim either $100.[39] (One reviewer took it as a "tacit comic statement about the ghettoization of blacks in movies". and his performance of the final diner scene won over Tarantino. along with his brother.

who had starred in Tarantino's Reservoir Dogs and was instrumental in getting it produced.[54] Grier was later cast as the lead of Tarantino's Jackie Brown."[42] His acclaimed performance led to his being cast in big-budget features such as Mission Impossible. Maria de Medeiros as Fabienne: Butch's girlfriend. much less offered him a role in the movie. denies that he ever even met Cobain."[46] Willis's appearance and physical presence were crucial to Tarantino's interest in casting him: "Bruce has the look of a 50s actor. but Tarantino did not believe audiences would find it plausible for Lance to yell at her. in which she plays a serial killer. In the filmmaker's words. but the strategy.. Roth had introduced the actress and director. and Out of Sight. Tim Roth as "Pumpkin" or "Ringo": Roth had starred in Reservoir Dogs alongside Keitel and was brought on board again. . Though Tarantino had written the part specifically with Roth in mind.[55] Christopher Walken as Captain Koons: Walken appears in a single scene. Courtney Love later reported that Kurt Cobain was originally offered the role of Lance. London one in Pulp Fiction. taking a role in the modestly budgeted film "meant lowering his salary and risking his star status. exemplifies Tarantino's notion of [45] costume as symbolic armor. Walken had appeared in another small but pivotal role in the "Sicilian scene" in the Tarantino-written True Romance. but also earned him several million dollars as a result of his gross participation. released a year earlier. however.. I said let's go for that whole [44] look.[50] According to Bender. Ellen DeGeneres also read for Jody. TriStar head Mike Medavoy preferred Johnny [48] Depp or Christian Slater. 292 Willis evoked one 1950s actor in particular for Tarantino: "Aldo Ray in Jacques Tourneur's Nightfall [1956]."[47] Keitel had played a character similarly employed as a "cleaner" in Point of No Return. "I want to work with Amanda in one of your films. who had appeared in many classic exploitation movies of the 1970s. He had used an American accent in the earlier film. I can't think of any other star that has that look. "Harvey had been my favorite actor since I was 16 years old. As described by Peter Bart."[16] Harvey Keitel as Winston Wolf or simply "The Wolf": The part was written specifically for Keitel. if he had taken it. Ving Rhames as Marsellus Wallace: Before Rhames was cast. but uses his natural." His boxing robe.[52] Tarantino..[51] Eric Stoltz as Lance: Vincent's drug dealer. telling Tarantino. but she has to have a really big gun.[12] She had previously costarred with Thurman in Henry & June (1990). Con Air. playing Anaïs Nin.[53] Rosanna Arquette as Jody: Lance's wife. specifically to partner Roth onscreen. devoted to the Vietnam veteran's monologue about the gold watch. the part was offered to Sid Haig.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Bruce Willis as Butch Coolidge: Willis was a major star. Tarantino met the Portuguese actress while traveling with Reservoir Dogs around the European film festival circuit. Haig passed on the role. Amanda Plummer as Yolanda or "Honey Bunny": Tarantino wrote the role for Plummer."[49] Plummer followed up with director Michael Winterbottom's Butterfly Kiss.. designed by Betsy Heimann.. In 1993. but most of his recent films had been box-office disappointments. Pam Grier read for the role. Rhames gave "one of the best auditions I've ever seen. Love would have played the role of his wife.paid off royally: Pulp Fiction not only brought Willis new respect as an actor.

S. and costume designer Betsy Heimann. where it was joined by several other sets as well as the film's production offices. in everything except the price tag. which is the slowest stock they make. Music from the Motion Picture Pulp Fiction. who were credited as music consultants. [The] use of the mono-tracked. "[W]e had $8 million [sic]. also returned from the earlier film. massive success. It sounds like rock and roll spaghetti Western music.[59] It was built in a Culver City warehouse.[63] Before Pulp Fiction's premiere. rather.[69] The film was unveiled at a midnight hour screening and caused a sensation. . known for its Googie architecture. but not. rock and roll. Todd McCarthy called Pulp Fiction a "spectacularly entertaining piece of pop culture.[61] For the costumes. generating a further wave of publicity. reached number 59. Tarantino took his inspiration from French director Jean-Pierre Melville. who believed that the clothes his characters wore were their symbolic suits of armor. It's an epic in everything—in invention. which also relies on period pop recordings: "[T]he version of 'the sixties' offered by Pulp Fiction. bringing the picture's entire cast over. the highest-grossing film of 1994.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 293 Filming The Pulp Fiction shoot commenced on September 20. to the film's engagement with the "younger. Dick Dale's rendition of "Misirlou" plays during the opening credits.[45] Tarantino cast himself in a modest-sized role as he had in Reservoir Dogs. and pop songs. a long-discontinued General Mills cereal.. she reprises the role in Jackie Brown. You'll Be a Woman Soon". he says.[65] The soundtrack album.[41] Music No film score was composed for Pulp Fiction.a startling."[58] The largest chunk of the budget—$150. review of the film was published on May 23 in industry trade magazine Variety. I wanted it to look like a $20–25 million movie.. was released along with the film in 1994. It's the closest thing we have to 50s Technicolor. even Morricone music. Fruit Brute.. Lovelace also appeared in the film as Laura. beat-heavy style of early 1960s U. 'underground' pop mixed with 'classic' ballads such as Dusty Springfield's 'Son of a Preacher Man' is crucial to the film's postmodern knowingness. production designer David Wasco. was shot "on 50 ASA film stock.[67] Estella Tincknell describes how the particular combination of well-known and obscure recordings helps establish the film as a "self-consciously 'cool' text.[68] Reception Release and box office Pulp Fiction premiered in May 1994 at the Cannes Film Festival. The Weinsteins "hit the beach like commandos". soul. Tarantino chose surf music as the basic musical style for the film. she says. film editor Sally Menke. it's lustrous. because of its association with surfing culture: "To me it just sounds like rock and roll."[73] From Cannes forward."[64] Some of the songs were suggested to Tarantino by his friends Chuck Kelley and Laura Lovelace. a waitress. in length.[60] The diner sequence was shot on location in Hawthorne at the Hawthorne Grill. he insists. so the line "Written and directed by Quentin Tarantino" could be used in advertising and onscreen. Tarantino convinced Avary to forfeit his agreed-on cowriting credit and accept a "story by" credit. in scope.[66] The single. The reason we use it is that it creates an almost no-grain image.S. According to Tarantino.[70] [71] It won the Palme d'Or. The album peaked on the Billboard 200 chart at number 21. 'hanging'—that is resolutely apolitical. 1993. One of his pop totems. a more genuinely marginal form of sub-culture based around a lifestyle—surfing. cinematically knowledgeable spectator" it solicits. with Quentin Tarantino instead using an eclectic assortment of surf music..[62] The shoot wrapped on November 30." She contrasts the soundtrack with that of Forrest Gump. in ambition."[57] The film.[72] The first U.[56] The lead offscreen talent had all worked with Tarantino on Reservoir Dogs—cinematographer Andrzej Sekuła.is certainly not that of the publicly recognized counter-culture featured in Forrest Gump. but is. Urge Overkill's cover of the Neil Diamond song "Girl. the festival's top prize. I wanted it to look like an epic.000—went to creating the Jack Rabbit Slim's set." The soundtrack is central.

debased parts. Munich.[74] Over the next few months it played in smaller festivals around Europe. which was in its second week and playing at more than twice as many theaters. reviewers: a 94% score at Rotten Tomatoes[87] and a Metascore of 94 on Metacritic." wrote Entertainment Weekly's Owen Gleiberman. where it opened a week after its U."[86] Overall. the traditional way of releasing an indie film. it took in nearly $213 million.S.[77] Pulp Fiction was the top-grossing film at the box office its first weekend.[82] 294 Critical response The response of major American movie reviewers was widely favorable. Kenneth Turan wrote. If good directors accept Tarantino's implicit challenge.'"[83] Richard Corliss of Time wrote.I gotta pay attention."[85] "You get intoxicated by it. "The miracle of Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction is how. it did not open in a handful of theaters and roll out slowly as word of mouth built. Pulp Fiction wound up grossing $107. even though it played on substantially fewer screens than any other film in the top 20. shock."[76] In late September.' You can almost feel everybody moving in their seats. abets. It dares Hollywood films to be this smart about going this far. went one slogan.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Tarantino was on the road continuously. I'm not sure I've ever encountered a filmmaker who combined discipline and control with sheer wild-ass joy the way that Tarantino does. Janet Maslin called the film a "triumphant. Tarantino's ripe imagination. edging out a Sylvester Stallone vehicle. Pulp Fiction nourishes. "indicates the kind of cult status that Pulp Fiction achieved almost immediately. David Ansen wrote. the film attained exceptionally high ratings among U. a top-ten bestseller. have the uncomfortable feeling of creative desperation. "One thing that's cool is that by breaking up the linear structure.S.[79] Popular engagement with the film. 'I gotta watch this. when I watch the film with an audience.. making it the first "indie" film to surpass $100 million.."[80] As MovieMaker puts it.S. hilarity and vibrant local color. Reservoir Dogs had given Tarantino a reputation for glamorizing violence. all of a sudden. of someone who's afraid of losing his reputation scrambling for any way to offend sensibilities.5 million and about $10 million in marketing costs. release. it was the tenth biggest film of 1994. The Specialist. "It was not platformed. it opened the New York Film Festival. Stanley Kauffman of The New Republic felt that "the way that [it] has been so widely ravened up and drooled over verges on the disgusting. It's actually fun to watch an audience in some ways chase after a movie. "high on the rediscovery of how pleasurable a movie can be. cultural . Taormina. such as speculation about the contents of the precious briefcase. but in book form its screenplay became the most successful in UK publishing history. "It towers over the year's other movies as majestically and menacingly as a gang lord at a preschool.93 million at the U. "The writer-director appears to be straining for his effects. it does break [the audience's] alpha state."[89] Some who reviewed it in the following weeks took more exception to the predominant critical reaction than to Pulp Fiction itself. promoting the film."[84] In Newsweek. wrote Peter Travers of Rolling Stone.[75] Tarantino later said.[88] The Los Angeles Times was one of the few major news outlets to publish a negative review on the film's opening weekend. Norway. the movie theater could again be a great place to live in. "The movie was nothing less than a national cultural phenomenon."[1] In the eyes of some cultural critics.. fanzine way that you want to rub noses in it—the noses of those zombie writers who take 'screenwriting' classes that teach them the formulas for 'hit films. [He] has come up with a work of such depth. especially one involving bondage harnesses and homosexual rape. it succeeds in gleaming like something new. As Peter Biskind describes. Locarno. Pulp Fiction went into general release in the United States. not only was the film a big hit. wit and blazing originality that it places him in the front ranks of American film makers.[78] In terms of domestic grosses. While not panning the film... The New York Times published its review the day of the opening. being composed of secondhand."[71] On October 14."[40] "There's a special kick that comes from watching something this thrillingly alive". that is. Worldwide.100 theaters. "Pulp Fiction is indisputably great. Against its budget of $8. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times describing it as "so well-written in a scruffy. 1994. into 1. It's like."[81] Abroad. Some sequences. as well: In Britain. and San Sebastian. box office. cleverly disorienting journey through a demimonde that springs entirely from Mr. it went wide immediately. building buzz: Nottingham. a landscape of danger. Miramax played with the issue in its marketing campaign: "You won't know the facts till you've seen the fiction".

Tarantino.. Tarantino and Avary were announced as joint winners of the Oscar for Best Original Screenplay. In 1995. and Jackson won for Best Supporting Actor. Society of Texas Film Critics. writing in The Guardian. held at the end of the month: best feature. Todd Boyd argued that the word's recurrence "has the ability to signify the ultimate level of hipness for white males who have historically used their perception of black masculinity as the embodiment of cool". Boston Society of Film Critics. I predict."[90] Responding to comparisons between Tarantino's film and the work of French New Wave director Jean-Luc Godard. Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader wrote. In the Chicago Tribune.[93] Some commentators took exception to the movie's frequent use of the word "nigger". In Siskel's view. and Film Editing. Hitchcock's Psycho [1960]. so entirely stripped of any politics. Violence was often the theme. with various awarding bodies ascribing credit differently. the ones we already have and don't wish to expand.[94] In Britain. Gene Siskel argued that Pulp Fiction posed a major challenge to the "ossification of American movies with their brutal formulas". thus avoiding its capacity to do anything except helplessly represent our agonies. Jackson.[92] Debate about the film spread beyond the review pages. and Kansas City Film Critics Circle. Supporting Actor (Jackson). especially his first.[98] In February 1995. but none took home the honor. Reservoir Dogs—represents . the violent intensity of Pulp Fiction calls to mind other violent watershed films that were considered classics in their time and still are. metaphysics. Los Angeles Film Critics Association. the film received seven Oscar nominations—Best Picture.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' slumming. director. will be the ultimate honor for Pulp Fiction. Only in this age could a writer as talented as Tarantino produce artworks so vacuous. Arthur Penn's Bonnie and Clyde [1967]. Travolta. Supporting Actress (Thurman). Director. Original Screenplay. male lead (Jackson). and screenplay (Tarantino). presented on February 25.[100] The furor around the film was still going strong: much of the March issue of Artforum was devoted to its critical dissection. At the Golden Globe Awards.. "The fact that Pulp Fiction is garnering more extravagant raves than Breathless ever did tells you plenty about which kind of cultural references are regarded as more fruitful—namely. which is to empty the artwork of all content. named as sole recipient of the Best Screenplay honor.[102] At the British Academy Film Awards.[99] At the Academy Awards ceremony the following month.. John Simon was unswayed: "titillation cures neither hollowness nor shallowness". Pulp Fiction was named Best Picture by the National Society of Film Critics.[103] Influence and reputation Pulp Fiction quickly came to be regarded as one of the most significant films of its era. in a special edition of Siskel & Ebert devoted to Tarantino. most famous feature. and Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange [1971]. Southeastern Film Critics Association. it criticizes other movies. James Wood. or moral interest. Donna Britt described how she was happy not to see Pulp Fiction on a recent weekend and thus avoid "discussing the rousing scene in which a gunshot sprays somebody's brains around a car interior".[96] Tarantino was named Best Director by all seven of those organizations as well as by the New York Film Critics Circle and Chicago Film Critics Association. Each film shook up a tired. and Thurman were each nominated as well for the 1st Screen Actors Guild Awards. set the tone for much subsequent criticism: "Tarantino represents the final triumph of postmodernism. And that.[97] The screenplay won several prizes.[101] Pulp Fiction garnered four honors at the Independent Spirit Awards. Tarantino and Avary shared the BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay. National Board of Review."[95] 295 Awards season Around the turn of the year. Like all great films. Actor (Travolta)."[91] Observing in the National Review that "[n]o film arrives with more advance hype". bloated movie industry and used a world of lively lowlifes to reflect how dull other movies had become.[104] Ken Dancyger writes that its "imitative and innovative style"—like that of its predecessor. failed to mention Avary in his acceptance speech. In the Washington Post.

writes Fiona Villella. were not the same as profits..[122] Four years later.[113] Internationally. Less than a year after the picture's release.[113] [120] Not long after its release. Pulp Fiction was soon associated with his charges concerning gratuitous violence. two climaxed with all the main characters shooting each other at once.[116] It "cemented Miramax's place as the reigning indie superpower". a different experience for the audience. Once the studios realized that they could exploit the economies of (small) scale. and either bought the distributors.[108] In Peter Biskind's description. exploding expectations for what an indie film could do at the box office. It has been described as a "major cultural event". music... Time's Corliss wrote much the same: "(unquestionably) the most influential American movie of the 90s". when David Denby of The New Yorker credited it with initiating the ongoing cycle of disordered cinematic narratives. or started their own.spawning a flock of me-too classics divisions. Natural Born Killers and True Romance. Not since Citizen Kane has one man appeared from relative obscurity to redefine the art of moviemaking."[110] Among the first Hollywood films cited as its imitators were Destiny Turns on the Radio (1995). literature.. and advertising.[123] .. the trajectory of Pulp Fiction from Cannes launch to commercial smash "forever altered the game" of so-called independent cinema. they more or less gave up buying or remaking the films themselves. mentioned the film.. according to David Desser. Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole attacked the American entertainment industry for peddling "nightmares of depravity". 1995. Dole had not."[114] Pulp Fiction's effect on film form was still reverberating in 2007.[119] And its impact was even broader than that.copy[ing] Miramax's marketing and distribution strategies.[112] It "triggered a myriad of clones". British critic Jon Ronson attended the National Film School's end-of-semester screenings and assessed the impact: "Out of the five student movies I watched. And that the parody or alteration of that film creates a new form.. horror films or adventure films.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' a new phenomenon. [S]mart studio executives suddenly woke up to the fact that grosses and market share. four incorporated violent shoot-outs over a soundtrack of iconoclastic 70s pop hits.[1] writes Biskind. Roger Ebert called it "the most influential film of the decade". as Disney had Miramax. in which Tarantino acted. but extended the noir vision virtually around the world.. he cited two less celebrated movies based on Tarantino screenplays.[118] In 2001. it created a "guys-with-guns frenzy". an "international phenomenon" that influenced television.[109] The stylistic influence of Pulp Fiction soon became apparent..[121] Adding Pulp Fiction to his roster of "Great Movies" in 2001. it was identified as a significant focus of attention within the growing community of Internet users. According to Variety.[111] and 2 Days 296 in the Valley (1996).[106] In September 1996.[104] Things To Do in Denver When You're Dead (1995). Dole did accuse Pulp Fiction—which he had not seen—of promoting "the romance of heroin". Variety. which got all the press.[105] In a widely covered speech on May 31.[107] Paula Rabinowitz expresses the general film industry opinion that Pulp Fiction "simultaneously resurrected John Travolta and film noir". The consequence is twofold—the presumption of deep knowledge on the part of the audience of those forms such as the gangster films or Westerns. "Pulp became the Star Wars of independents."[117] The film's large financial return on its small budget transform[ed] the industry's attitude toward the lowly indies. it "not only influenced a British brand of noir. in fact. and one had two hitmen discussing the idiosyncrasies of The Brady Bunch before offing their victim.. the movie whose style is created from the context of movie life rather than real life. suggested that the "watershed moment for movie stars" came with the decision by Willis—one of Hollywood's highest-paid performers—to appear in Pulp Fiction.[115] Its impact on Hollywood was deeper still. noting the increasing number of actors switching back and forth between expensive studio films and low-budget independent or indie-style projects.

In 2008... in 2008. "You'd be hard-pressed. movie industry professionals.100 Movies" list.. directed by Stanley Kubrick].[138] It was voted as the fourth greatest film of all time in a nationwide poll for Britain's Channel 4 in 2001.. most unambiguously in the in their classic pose.[125] It was referenced more than a decade and a half later in the Travolta vehicle From Paris with Love. A 2008 Empire poll combining the opinions of readers. in particular Marsellus's threat."[129] Certain lines were adopted popularly as catchphrases. pointing their guns.. BBC News reported that "London transport workers have painted over an iconic mural by 'guerrilla artist' Banksy. and critics named Pulp Fiction the ninth best film of all time.[139] 297 Critical analysis Tarantino has stated that he originally planned "to do a Black Mask movie". the goofy fracturing of temporality [as] a patina over a pastiche. he also points to the acute. interweaving structure of Pulp Fiction. He suggests that Leonard's "rich dialogue" is reflected in Tarantino's "popular-culture-strewn jive".. it is number 10 on Banksy's "famous mural" was painted in 2002 and painted over by municipal workers five years Metacritic's list of all-time highest scores.[123] As of January 2010. highly in popular surveys. to name a moment from Quentin Tarantino's film that isn't iconic. Entertainment Weekly named it the best film of the past quarter-century.is essentially of two films that Tarantino can't seem to get out of his mind: Mean Streets [1973. extremely dark sense of humor Leonard applies to the realm of violence as a source of inspiration. Jackson) dancing has been frequently homaged."[143] James Mottram regards crime novelist Elmore Leonard. O'Brien finds a strong affinity between the intricate plot mechanics and twists of Brown's novels and the recursive.[126] The adrenalin shot to Mia Wallace's heart is on Premiere's list of "100 Greatest Movie Moments".. with Samuel L Jackson and John Travolta clutching bananas instead of guns.[127] The scene of Travolta and Thurman's characters Vincent and Jules Winnfield (Samuel L. "[I]t kind of went somewhere else". it was named one of Time's "All-Time 100 Movies". as the film's primary literary antecedent. the American Film Institute's "Ten Top Ten" poll ranked it number 7 all-time in the gangster film genre.[142] Philip French describes the film's narrative as a "circular movement or Möbius strip of a kind Resnais and Robbe-Grillet would admire. "I'm 'a get medieval on your ass. whose influence Tarantino has acknowledged. has also become widely familiar. The image depicted a scene from Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction. 2005 film Be Cool. The pastiche."[130] Jules's "Ezekiel" recitation was voted the fourth greatest movie speech of all time in a 2004 poll.. by now.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Several scenes and images from the film achieved iconic status.. Entertainment Weekly declared.[136] In a 2007 poll of the online film community..[133] In 2007. Both dealt heavily in the realm of improbable coincidences and cruel cosmic jokes.[134] In 2005. it was voted 94th overall on the AFI's "100 Years. it placed eleventh. starring the same two actors. the apparent witty banality of the dialogue. This image represents Pulp [128] Fiction on Time's "All-Time 100 Movies" list. The image of Travolta and Jackson's characters standing side by side in suit and tie.[135] The film ranks very [132] later. referring to the magazine largely responsible for popularizing hardboiled detective fiction.[124] That same year."[141] In particular. In 2007.[144] Robert Kolker sees the "flourishes. a realm that Pulp Fiction makes its own.[131] Pulp Fiction now appears in several critical assessments of all-time great films.[137] In a 2006 readers' poll by the British magazine Total Film. directed by Martin Scorsese] and The Killing [1956.[140] Geoffrey O'Brien sees the result as connected "rather powerfully to a parallel pulp tradition: the tales of terror and the uncanny practiced by such writers as Cornell Woolrich [and] Fredric Brown."[124] Jules and Vincent's "Royale with Cheese" dialogue became famous. it ranked as the number 3 film in history."[145] .

to date".. "[W]hat is the film about?" and answers. simultaneously recalling and undermining the Gothic convention of the vampire's stake."[4] Catherine Constable takes the moment in which a needle filled with adrenaline is plunged into the comatose Mia's heart as exemplary.. Not because all audiences got all or any of its references to Scorsese and Kubrick...[156] 298 . but because the narrative and spatial structure of the film never threatened to go beyond themselves into signification..[149] Calling the film a "terminally hip postmodern collage". Kolker finds a vacuum: "The postmodern insouciance... Describing the film in 2005 as Tarantino's "postmodern masterpiece.[150] O'Brien. Set "in a world that could exist only in the movies". There is no nudity and no violence directed against women.[146] Todd McCarthy writes that the film's "striking widescreen compositions often contain objects in extreme close-up as well as vivid contrasts. the "absurd dialogue". [It] celebrates interracial friendship and cultural diversity. brightly colored widescreen visuals" evoke comedy directors such as Frank Tashlin and Blake Edwards.. beautifully made junk food for cinéastes".[147] The movie's host of pop culture allusions. The film's cycle of racist and homophobic jokes might threaten to break out into a quite nasty view of the world. confined. "the postmodern is about surfaces.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' He contrasts Pulp Fiction with postmodern Hollywood predecessors Hudson Hawk (1991. sometimes bringing to mind the visual strategies of Sergio Leone".. it is "a succulent guilty pleasure. obscenely epigrammatic". "American nihilism.. he explains. like that between Vincent and Jules in the scene where the former accidentally kills Marvin."[154] Stone reads the film as "politically correct. David Walker writes that it "is marked by its playful reverence for the 1950s.. and meaningless". sustaining an 'inventive and affirmative' mode of postmodernism. She proposes that it "can be seen as effecting her resurrection from the dead. influential."[146] Calling it the "acme of postmodern nineties filmmaking"."[155] According to Kolker. an acknowledged hero of Tarantino's. argues that "Pulp Fiction is more a guided tour of an infernal theme park decorated with cultural detritus.[148] have led many critics to discuss it within the framework of postmodernism."[151] Mark T. On this model.simply mocked or suggested that they were smarter than the audience" and flopped. media-smart. the referencing of previous aesthetic forms and styles moves beyond. perverse. and racism of Pulp Fiction were perfectly acceptable because the film didn't pretend seriousness and therefore didn't mock it. it seems dedicated to the dubious thesis that hit men are part of the human family.empty pastiche." He reads the movie as a form of romance whose allure is centered in the characters' nonnaturalistic discourse. and the director swims against the current of class stereotype."[112] Richard Alleva argues that "Pulp Fiction has about as much to do with actual criminality or violence as Cyrano de Bergerac with the realities of seventeenth-century France or The Prisoner of Zenda with Balkan politics. the prowling. starring Willis) and Last Action Hero (1993. homophobia. Foster Hirsch finds Pulp Fiction far from a masterpiece: "authoritative. "If the film is actually about anything other than its own cleverness. starring Arnold Schwarzenegger) that "took the joke too far."[152] Hirsch suggests. dismissing attempts to associate the movie with film noir. there are strong women and strong black men. That's why Pulp Fiction was so popular. it is flattened spatiality in which event and character are in a steady state of reminding us that they are pop-cultural figures.[73] To Martin Rubin. Conard asks.[153] In Alan Stone's view. fragments of blaxploitation and Roger Corman and Shogun Assassin. ranging from the famous image of Marilyn Monroe's skirt flying up over a subway grating to Jules addressing a soon-to-be victim as "Flock of Seagulls" because of his haircut.. Buddy Holly and Mamie Van Doren. "unexpectedly transforms the meaning of the violence cliché. Pulp Fiction unmasks the macho myth by making it laughable and deheroicizes the power trip glorified by standard Hollywood violence. "wise-guy literate. violence. but this nastiness keeps being laughed off—by the mock intensity of the action."[154] Where Stone sees a celebration.and its constantly teasing and often deferential references to other films". the "expansive.. music out of a twenty-four-hour oldies station for which all the decades since the fifties exist simultaneously.. He characterizes its convoluted narrative technique as "postmodern tricksiness". and airless nastiness of the world Tarantino creates. confronting.

"[161] The pivotal moment in which Marsellus crosses the street in front of Butch's car and notices him evokes the scene in which Marion Crane's boss sees her under similar circumstances in Psycho. "two sadistic honkies straight out of Deliverance" (1972). but even that reference is lost to us. We keep waiting for him to shed his paunch. My favorite musical sequences have always been in Godard. [Vince and Mia's] actual dance may be closer to the choreography of Anna Karina's shuffle with her two bumbling gangster boyfriends in Bande à part. We get to see John dance. it was like. But once he was cast.the twist contest is a musical sequence which evokes 'the sixties. directed by John Boorman..". According to the filmmaker. He isn't part of America's own mad cosmology. beyond "all the better". humor..[159] Jerome Charyn argues that. Travolta's presence is essential to the power of the scene.. put on a white polyester suit.. writes Gary Groth."[158] Two scenes in particular have prompted discussion of the film's highly intertextual style. Many have assumed that the dance sequence at Jack Rabbit Slim's was intended as a reference to Travolta's star-making performance as Tony Manero in the epochal Saturday Night Fever (1977). "Tarantino's characters". but he's stopping the movie to have a musical sequence. because they just come out of nowhere..[163] The Untouchables (1987)[164] • chainsaw—The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974).''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Henry A."[161] She also argues that in this passage the film "briefly shifts from its habitually ironic discourse to one that references the conventions of the classic film musical and in doing so makes it possible for the film to inhabit an affective space that goes beyond stylistic allusion. "Great.. and irony-without-insight as elements of mediation. the science-fiction film Zardoz (1974). Brooklyn. Daniel Day-Lewis couldn't have woken such a powerful longing in us. and we're with Tony again. where he will dance for us and never.. the myth of a movie star who has fallen out of favor.[162] Marsellus and Butch are soon held captive by Maynard and Zed.. and enter the 2001 Odyssey club in Bay Ridge. "he finds a trove of items with film-hero resonances". Tony Manero [is] an angel sitting on Vince's shoulder... And the fact that it's not a musical.' while Travolta's dance performance inevitably references 'the seventies' and his appearance in Saturday Night Fever.. so friendly. None of these elements gets beyond the seduction of voyeuristic gazing. When Butch decides to rescue Marsellus.[154] Zed shares a name with Sean Connery's character in Boorman's follow-up. Giroux argues that Tarantino "empties violence of any critical social consequences... in Glyn White's words. but still resides in our memory as the king of disco.[t]he facile consumption of shocking images and hallucinatory delight. never stop.. It's so infectious. Tarantino. All the better.[163] Critics have identified these weapons with a range of possible allusions: • hammer—The Toolbox Murders (1978)[164] • baseball bat—Walking Tall (1973). The 'past' thus becomes a more general 'pastness' in which the stylistic signifiers of various decades are loaded in to a single moment. "inhabit a world where the entire landscape is composed of Hollywood product.[163] [164] The Evil Dead II (1987)[163] .. however. and of the film: Travolta's entire career becomes "backstory". credits a scene in the Jean-Luc Godard film Bande à part (1964) with the inspiration. Tarantino is a cinematic kleptomaniac—he literally can't help himself. makes it all the more sweet. But the scene existed before John Travolta was cast. Everybody thinks that I wrote this scene just to have John Travolta dancing.... offering viewers only the immediacy of shock."[157] 299 Homage as essence Cinema Pulp Fiction is full of homages to other movies.[160] Estella Tincknell notes that while the "diner setting seems to be a simulacrum of a 'fifties' restaurant.

" A random list of the TV programs referenced in Pulp Fiction confirms his observation: Speed Racer. Happy Days. we see Walken in his function as an image retrieved from a repertoire of 1970s television and movie versions of ruined masculinity in search of rehabilitation. and 300 significantly. The Avengers. Fox Force Five.[163] Shogun Assassin (1980)[164] At the conclusion of the scene. The Partridge Family. arguing that "Pulp Fiction is a . Kung Fu. acknowledging that the directors were similar in wanting to cram everything they like onscreen: "But the differences between what Godard likes and what Tarantino likes and why are astronomical. Tarantino's love of movies is at its most open and nonjudgemental.[170] Television Robert Miklitsch argues that "Tarantino's telephilia" may be more central to the guiding sensibility of Pulp Fiction than the filmmaker's love for rock 'n' roll and even cinema: Talking about his generation. and an issue of TV Guide. "suggests that Pulp Fiction has less of an elective affinity with the cinematic avant-gardism of Godard than with mainstream network programming."[172] Jonathan Rosenbaum had brought TV into his analysis of the Tarantino/Godard comparison. writing.'rustic sexual expression often takes the form of homosexual rape' in American movies. Moreover.[171] "The above list. tipping a nod to the noble and the notorious. Willis writes that "when Captain Koons enters the living room. one that came of age in the '70s.."[91] Sharon Willis focuses on the way a television show (Clutch Cargo) marks the beginning of."[164] White asserts that "the katana he finally. and plays on through. a video-rental outlet. Our culture was television. and softening the face of violence by reducing it to the property of film history.. Mia's fictional pilot. in contrasts. Tarantino has commented that the "number one thing we all shared wasn't music."[163] Conard argues that the first three items symbolize a nihilism that Butch is rejecting. "mobilize[s] a certain construction of poor white country folk—and particularly their sexualization. and taboo into an entertainingly subtle adrenaline play—a fiction. as well as sending up his own reputation as an enfant terrible of movie violence.. Green Acres. the scene between young Butch and his father's comrade-in-arms. The Brady Bunch. a portentous line of Marsellus's echoes one from the 1973 crime drama Charley Varrick. selects identifies him with."[168] In Groth's view."[172] Kolker might not disagree. The traditional Japanese sword. whose presence in the role evokes his performance as a traumatized G. Don Siegel. represents a culture with a well-defined moral code and thus connects Butch with a more meaningful approach to life.. with the possible exception of The Avengers.honourable heroes.[165] David Bell argues that far from going against the "current of class stereotype". "Here. the name of the character who speaks it there is Maynard. the film is a "prime example of the pernicious ooze-like influence of mass culture exemplified by their bête noire: TV. transgression. for some critics. and last but not least. The nineties film reduces seventies competition. Clutch Cargo..I.. the crucial difference is that "in Deliverance the rape created the film's central moral dilemma whereas in Pulp Fiction it was merely 'the single weirdest day of [Butch's] life. and department store with a jukebox.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' • katana (samurai sword)—many."[173] Miklitsch asserts that.[163] [164] The Yakuza (1975). including Seven Samurai (1954)."[166] Stephen Paul Miller believes the Pulp Fiction scene goes down much easier than the one it echoes: "The buggery perpetrated is not at all as shocking as it was in Deliverance.. the scene makes a sly comment about the readiness of cinema to seize upon whatever is to hand for its moments of mayhem and murder. horror. like Deliverance."[167] Giroux reads the rape scene homage similarly: "in the end Tarantino's use of parody is about repetition. library. The Vietnam War veteran is played by Christopher Walken. film archive. record shop. it's like comparing a combined museum. this scene. that was a Sixties thing. in the 1978 Vietnam War movie The Deer Hunter.. directed by another of Tarantino's heroes. a pulp fiction.'"[169] Neil Fulwood focuses on Butch's weapon selection. The Three Stooges." writes Miklitsch.. [T]he gray light of the television presiding over the scene seems to inscribe the ghostly paternal gaze. I Spy. The Flintstones..

who wants to lose the baggage of a barricaded self. it contained a hidden orange light bulb that produced an otherworldly glow. indefinable softness is locked within a hard. at the beginning of "The Bonnie Situation". which overlaps the end of the earlier sequence. thugs and perverts. with an intertitle that reads "Missing Reel". but the film cuts out and skips the scene in the style employed in Tarantino and Rodriguez's Grindhouse (2007). many solutions to what one scholar calls this "unexplained postmodern puzzle" have been proposed. Kiss Me Deadly.. and in the epilogue at the diner. Roger Ebert dismissed it as "nothing more than a widely distributed urban legend given false credibility by the mystique of the Net".[178] In scholar Paul Gormley's view. this radiant.. Even Jules."[156] 301 Notable motifs The mysterious briefcase The combination of the mysterious suitcase is 666." .. male interiority. ” The second version. Ezekiel 25:17. features a glowing briefcase housing an atomic . And I will strike down upon thee with great vengeance and furious anger those who attempt to poison and destroy my brothers. gazes into explosive.[177] Vincent "stares. this connection with [175] the glowing case. That movie. And you will know my name is the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon thee. whose protagonist Tarantino has cited as a source for Butch. Much valued. The interview resumes with Rodriguez discussing how radically the "knowledge" of the briefcase's contents alters one's understanding of the movie. but this was seen as too mundane.. and remain with nothing to comprehend. Tarantino purportedly "reveals" the secret contents of the briefcase.[179] To Susan Fraiman. sentimental boxers and pimp promoters move through a series of long-take tableaux: we watch.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' simulacrum of our daily exposure to television. that same recitation a second time. Analyzing the notion. mystified. aka Gabrielle (Gaby Rodgers). as specified in Tarantino's screenplay.[80] A strong similarity has often been observed with the 1955 film noir Kiss Me Deadly. makes it possible to read the eerie glow as symbolic of violence itself."[180] The idea that the briefcase contains Marsellus's soul gained popular currency in the mid-1990s. the "number of the beast". Tarantino has said that there is no explanation for its contents—it is simply a MacGuffin. from the diner scene. its homophobes. Blessed is he who in the name of charity and goodwill shepherds the weak through the valley of darkness. Originally. For filming purposes. and a similar one with Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981).transfixed" into the glowing [174] case. before he executes someone.[181] Jules's Bible passage Jules ritually recites what he describes as a biblical passage. walks out of the movie clutching it still. much vaunted. and never finally shown.. Despite Tarantino's statements. exterior shell. Vincent's demeanor reinforces the allusion to.. a pure plot device.the scene in Kiss Me Deadly in which Lily Carver.[176] In a 2007 video interview with fellow director and friend Robert Rodriguez. The first version of the passage is as follows: “ The path of the righteous man is beset on all sides by the iniquities of the selfish and the tyranny of evil men. is identical except for the final line: "And you will know I am the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon you. laugh. We hear the passage three times—in the introductory sequence in which Jules and Vincent reclaim Marsellus's briefcase from the doomed Brett. for he is truly his brother's keeper and the finder of lost children. the case was to contain diamonds. the unseen contents represent "defended.

2. and is realized in the third instance: 1. and overdoses. Jules is shown to be cognizant of a place beyond this simulation.[191] At Jack Rabbit Slim's.[185] A killer delivers a similar biblical rant in Modesty Blaise. "I gotta go pee!"[192] As described by Peter and Will Brooker. Ezekiel 25:17 reads in its entirety. where they get into a contretemps over a bloody hand towel.. in this case. to Conard. and they shall know that I am the LORD..[189] Rosenbaum finds much less in Jules's revelation: "[T]he spiritual awakening at the end of Pulp Fiction. which Jackson performs beautifully. the next morning. which.[187] Adele Reinhartz writes that the "depth of Jules's transformation" is indicated by the difference in his two deliveries of the passage: "In the first. Butch and Fabienne play an extended scene in their motel bathroom. [T]his is perhaps most marked when he moves on from being a simulation of a Baptist preacher. While Vincent is in the bathroom worrying about the possibility of going too far with Marsellus's wife.. there she is again. when I shall lay my vengeance upon them. this contrasts with the film's prevalent representation of a nihilistic culture."[193] The threat increases in magnitude as the narrative progresses chronologically.he appears to be a different sort of man altogether...''Pulp Fiction (film)'' While the final two sentences of Jules's speech are similar to the actual cited passage. Its text and its identification as Ezekiel 25:17 derive from an almost identical creed that appears at the beginning of the Chiba movie Karate Kiba (The Bodyguard. In the King James version from which Jules's speech is adapted. Vincent emerges from the toilet with his book and is killed by Butch. she brushing her teeth. spouting Ezekiel because it was "just a cool thing to say. brushing her teeth. Conard argues that as Jules reflects on the passage. Chiba's character would lecture the villain-of-the-week about how the world must be rid of evil before killing him."[190] The bathroom Much of Pulp Fiction's action revolves around characters who are in the bathroom or need to use the toilet. Gormley argues that unlike the film's other major characters—Marsellus aside—Jules is linked to a "thing" beyond postmodern simulation. "And I will execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes. a fourth man is hiding in the bathroom—his actions will lead to Jules's transformative "moment of clarity". After Marvin's absurd death. "Honey Bunny" whines.[184] In the 1980s television series Kage no Gundan (Shadow Warriors). Vincent and Jules wash up in Jimmie's bathroom. the first two are fabricated from various biblical phrases.[182] The text of Ezekiel 25 preceding verse 17 indicates that God's wrath is retribution for the hostility of the Philistines. snorts it. In the second. she snorts coke in the restroom. [I]n true postmodern fashion. is a piece of jive avowedly inspired by kung-fu movies. As Jule