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The Samuel L. Jackson Handbook - Everything you need to know about Samuel L. Jackson

The Samuel L. Jackson Handbook - Everything you need to know about Samuel L. Jackson

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an American film and television actor and film producer. After Jackson became involved with the Civil Rights Movement, he moved on to acting in theater at Morehouse College, and then films. He had several small roles such as in the film Goodfellas, before meeting his mentor, Morgan Freeman, and the director Spike Lee. After gaining critical acclaim for his role in Jungle Fever in 1991, he appeared in films such as Patriot Games, Amos & Andrew, True Romance and Jurassic Park. In 1994 he was cast as Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction, and his performance received several award nominations and critical acclaim.

Jackson has since appeared in over 100 films including Die Hard with a Vengeance, The 51st State, Jackie Brown, Unbreakable, The Incredibles, Black Snake Moan, Shaft, Snakes on a Plane, as well as the Star Wars prequel trilogy and small roles in Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill Vol. 2 and Inglourious Basterds. He played Nick Fury in Iron Man and Iron Man 2, the first two of a nine-film commitment as the character for the Marvel Cinematic Universe franchise. Jackson's many roles have made him one of the highest grossing actors at the box office. Jackson has won multiple awards throughout his career and has been portrayed in various forms of media including films, television series, and songs. In 1980, Jackson married LaTanya Richardson, with whom he has one daughter, Zoe.

This book is your ultimate resource for Samuel L. Jackson. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Samuel L. Jackson filmography, The Other Guys, Iron Man 2, Unthinkable, Mother and Child (film), Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey, Inglourious Basterds, Astro Boy (film), The Spirit (film), Soul Men, Lakeview Terrace, Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film), Iron Man (film), Jumper (film), Cleaner (film), Resurrecting the Champ, 1408 (film), Black Snake Moan (film), Farce of the Penguins, Home of the Brave (2006 film), Snakes on a Plane, Freedomland (film), The Man (film), Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, XXx: State of the Union, Coach Carter, The N-Word, Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, In My Country, The Incredibles, Kill Bill Vol. 2, Twisted (2004 film), No Good Deed, S.W.A.T. (film), Basic (film), The 51st State, XXx, Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, Changing Lanes, The Caveman's Valentine, Unbreakable (film), Shaft (2000 film), Rules of Engagement (film), Deep Blue Sea, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Jackie Brown (film), Pulp Fiction (film), Together for Days

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an American film and television actor and film producer. After Jackson became involved with the Civil Rights Movement, he moved on to acting in theater at Morehouse College, and then films. He had several small roles such as in the film Goodfellas, before meeting his mentor, Morgan Freeman, and the director Spike Lee. After gaining critical acclaim for his role in Jungle Fever in 1991, he appeared in films such as Patriot Games, Amos & Andrew, True Romance and Jurassic Park. In 1994 he was cast as Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction, and his performance received several award nominations and critical acclaim.

Jackson has since appeared in over 100 films including Die Hard with a Vengeance, The 51st State, Jackie Brown, Unbreakable, The Incredibles, Black Snake Moan, Shaft, Snakes on a Plane, as well as the Star Wars prequel trilogy and small roles in Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill Vol. 2 and Inglourious Basterds. He played Nick Fury in Iron Man and Iron Man 2, the first two of a nine-film commitment as the character for the Marvel Cinematic Universe franchise. Jackson's many roles have made him one of the highest grossing actors at the box office. Jackson has won multiple awards throughout his career and has been portrayed in various forms of media including films, television series, and songs. In 1980, Jackson married LaTanya Richardson, with whom he has one daughter, Zoe.

This book is your ultimate resource for Samuel L. Jackson. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Samuel L. Jackson filmography, The Other Guys, Iron Man 2, Unthinkable, Mother and Child (film), Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey, Inglourious Basterds, Astro Boy (film), The Spirit (film), Soul Men, Lakeview Terrace, Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film), Iron Man (film), Jumper (film), Cleaner (film), Resurrecting the Champ, 1408 (film), Black Snake Moan (film), Farce of the Penguins, Home of the Brave (2006 film), Snakes on a Plane, Freedomland (film), The Man (film), Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, XXx: State of the Union, Coach Carter, The N-Word, Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, In My Country, The Incredibles, Kill Bill Vol. 2, Twisted (2004 film), No Good Deed, S.W.A.T. (film), Basic (film), The 51st State, XXx, Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, Changing Lanes, The Caveman's Valentine, Unbreakable (film), Shaft (2000 film), Rules of Engagement (film), Deep Blue Sea, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Jackie Brown (film), Pulp Fiction (film), Together for Days

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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10/31/2014

Sections

  • Samuel L. Jackson filmography
  • The Other Guys
  • Iron Man 2
  • Unthinkable
  • Mother and Child (film)
  • Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey
  • Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey
  • Inglourious Basterds
  • Astro Boy (film)
  • The Spirit (film)
  • Soul Men
  • Lakeview Terrace
  • Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)
  • Iron Man (film)
  • Jumper (film)
  • Cleaner (film)
  • Resurrecting the Champ
  • 1408 (film)
  • Black Snake Moan (film)
  • Farce of the Penguins
  • Home of the Brave (2006 film)
  • Snakes on a Plane
  • Freedomland (film)
  • The Man (film)
  • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith
  • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith
  • xXx: State of the Union
  • Coach Carter
  • The N-Word
  • Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson
  • In My Country
  • The Incredibles
  • Kill Bill Vol. 2
  • Twisted (2004 film)
  • No Good Deed
  • S.W.A.T. (film)
  • Basic (film)
  • The 51st State
  • xXx
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones
  • Changing Lanes
  • The Caveman's Valentine
  • Unbreakable (film)
  • Shaft (2000 film)
  • Rules of Engagement (film)
  • Deep Blue Sea
  • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace
  • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace
  • Jackie Brown (film)
  • Pulp Fiction (film)
  • Together for Days
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an American film and television actor and film producer.

After Jackson became involved with the Civil Rights Movement, he moved on to acting in theater at Morehouse College, and then films. He had several small roles such as in the film Goodfellas, before meeting his mentor, Morgan Freeman, and the director Spike Lee. After gaining critical acclaim for his role in Jungle Fever in 1991, he appeared in films such as Patriot Games, Amos & Andrew, True Romance and Jurassic Park. In 1994 he was cast as Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction, and his performance received several award nominations and critical acclaim. Jackson has since appeared in over 100 films including Die Hard with a Vengeance, The 51st State, Jackie Brown, Unbreakable, The Incredibles, Black Snake Moan, Shaft, Snakes on a Plane, as well as the Star Wars prequel trilogy and small roles in Quentin Tarantino’s Kill Bill Vol. 2 and Inglourious Basterds. He played Nick Fury in Iron Man and Iron Man 2, the first two of a nine-film commitment as the character for the Marvel Cinematic Universe franchise. Jackson’s many roles have made him one of the highest grossing actors at the box office. Jackson has won multiple awards throughout his career and has been portrayed in various forms of media including films, television series, and songs. In 1980, Jackson married LaTanya Richardson, with whom he has one daughter, Zoe. This book is your ultimate resource for Samuel L. Jackson. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away: Samuel L. Jackson filmography, The Other Guys, Iron Man 2, Unthinkable, Mother and Child (film), Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey, Inglourious Basterds, Astro Boy (film), The Spirit (film), Soul Men, Lakeview Terrace, Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film), Iron Man (film), Jumper (film), Cleaner (film), Resurrecting the Champ, 1408 (film), Black Snake Moan (film), Farce of the Penguins, Home of the Brave (2006 film), Snakes on a Plane, Freedomland (film), The Man (film), Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, XXx: State of the Union, Coach Carter, The N-Word, Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, In My Country, The Incredibles, Kill Bill Vol. 2, Twisted (2004 film), No Good Deed, S.W.A.T. (film), Basic (film), The 51st State, XXx, Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, Changing Lanes, The Caveman’s Valentine, Unbreakable (film), Shaft (2000 film), Rules of Engagement (film), Deep Blue Sea, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Jackie Brown (film), Pulp Fiction (film), Together for Days Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

SAMUEL L. JACKSON
Handbook
Everything you need to know about Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson

The

Samuel L. Jackson

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped. Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. The content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. The publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Contents
Articles
Samuel L. Jackson Samuel L. Jackson filmography The Other Guys Iron Man 2 Unthinkable Mother and Child (film) Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey Inglourious Basterds Astro Boy (film) The Spirit (film) Soul Men Lakeview Terrace Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film) Iron Man (film) Jumper (film) Cleaner (film) Resurrecting the Champ 1408 (film) Black Snake Moan (film) Farce of the Penguins Home of the Brave (2006 film) Snakes on a Plane Freedomland (film) The Man (film) Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith xXx: State of the Union Coach Carter The N-Word Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson In My Country The Incredibles Kill Bill Vol. 2 Twisted (2004 film) No Good Deed 1 12 23 27 40 43 46 54 66 72 80 83 88 98 111 121 124 127 131 138 140 143 153 156 160 174 178 183 185 186 188 196 207 210

Licenses and Contributors 312 323 Article Licenses License 325 .A. (film) Basic (film) The 51st State xXx Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Changing Lanes The Caveman's Valentine Unbreakable (film) Shaft (2000 film) Rules of Engagement (film) Deep Blue Sea Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Jackie Brown (film) Pulp Fiction (film) Together for Days 214 219 225 229 235 245 248 250 256 259 263 266 282 286 311 References Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources.T.S.W.

Zoe. and the director Spike Lee. Snakes on a Plane. with whom he has one daughter. television series. . Jackson Jackson at the 2008 San Diego Comic-Con Born Occupation Samuel Leroy JacksonDecember 21. He played Nick Fury in Iron Man and Iron Man 2. Black Snake Moan.com [1] Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21. Shaft. Jackson has won multiple awards throughout his career and has been portrayed in various forms of media including films.. He had several small roles such as in the film Goodfellas. and songs. The 51st State.Samuel L. Amos & Andrew. before meeting his mentor. and his performance received several award nominations and critical acclaim. Jackson married LaTanya Richardson. producer Years active 1972–present Spouse LaTanya Richardson (m. The Incredibles. he appeared in films such as Patriot Games. True Romance and Jurassic Park. D.samuelljackson. 1948Washington. 2 and Inglourious Basterds. Jackson 1 Samuel L. 1980–present) Website www. he moved on to acting in theater at Morehouse College. After gaining critical acclaim for his role in Jungle Fever in 1991. After Jackson became involved with the Civil Rights Movement. Jackson's many roles have made him one of the highest grossing actors at the box office. Jackson Samuel L. and then films.C. the first two of a nine-film commitment as the character for the Marvel Cinematic Universe franchise. Morgan Freeman. United States Actor. Jackie Brown. 1948) is an American film and television actor and film producer. Jackson has since appeared in over 100 films including Die Hard with a Vengeance. In 1994 he was cast as Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction. In 1980. as well as the Star Wars prequel trilogy and small roles in Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill Vol. Unbreakable.

Right now. Jackson was employed as a social worker in Los Angeles. and his maternal grandparents and extended family. She barely has a recognition that she's black.[12] Acting career 1970s–1980s "Casting black actors is still strange for Hollywood. but Jackson was charged with and eventually convicted of unlawful confinement. I knew that change was going to take something different — not sit-ins. Jackson and several other students held members of the Morehouse College board of trustees (including a nearby Martin Luther King. before Jackson could become involved with any significant armed confrontation.[7] Jackson began acting in multiple plays."[12] In 1969.[8] After joining a local acting group to earn extra points in a class.[16] Jackson decided to return to Atlanta. Georgia. Sr. he attended Morehouse College in Atlanta. my daughter can do the things that she does. but I wasn’t shocked by it. Tennessee with his mother. H. he co-founded the "Just Us Theatre".[2] He grew up as an only child in Chattanooga.[14] Jackson was then suspended for two years for his criminal record and his actions (although he would later return to the college to earn his Bachelor of Arts in Drama in 1972).[12] Jackson revealed in the same Parade interview that he began to feel empowered with his involvement in the movement. Elizabeth Jackson (née Montgomery).[13] The college eventually agreed to change its policy. [6] While he was expelled. Jackson attended the funeral in Atlanta as one of the ushers. especially when the group began buying guns. Jr.[3] [4] His father lived away from the family in Kansas City. who was a factory worker and later a supplies buyer for a mental institution. Then it's Danny Glover. He later settled on drama after taking a public speaking class and appearing in a version of The Threepenny Opera.[3] He appeared in several television films." —Jackson reflecting on his actions during the Civil Rights Movement. Rap Brown..[11] Jackson then flew to Memphis to join an equal rights protest march. resulting in him being unable to proceed with the two plays as they continued to Broadway (actors Charles S. where he met with Stokely Carmichael.[16] [18] At this point in his early career. Jackson 2 Early life Jackson was born in Washington.C.[9] Before graduating in 1972.[3] [10] Civil Rights Movement involvement After the 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King. Jackson proceeded to move from Atlanta to New York City in 1976 and spent the next decade appearing in stage plays such as The Piano Lesson and Two Trains Running. I'm the next one on the list.[12] However.[7] Initially intent on pursuing a degree in marine biology. not peaceful coexistence. Jackson had only met his father twice during his life. he played the French horn and trumpet in the school orchestra. Forest Whitaker and Wesley Snipes. and made his feature film debut in the blaxploitation independent film Together for Days (1972). D. a second-degree felony." —Jackson reacting to his new fame in 1993. In a Parade interview Jackson revealed: "I was angry about the assassination. Dutton and Anthony .[3] [5] Jackson attended several segregated schools[6] and graduated from Riverside High School in Chattanooga.[17] After these initial roles. including Home and A Soldier's Play. [16] Jackson initially majored in marine biology at Morehouse College before switching to architecture. Jackson developed alcoholism and cocaine addictions. and others active in the Black Power movement. which both premiered at the Yale Repertory Theater.[15] "I would like to think because of the things I did.) hostage on the campus. demanding reform in the school's curriculum and governance. Between the third and twelfth grades. Denzel gets the offer first. his mother sent him to Los Angeles after the FBI told her that he would die within a year if he remained with the Black Power movement. Missouri and later died from alcoholism.Samuel L. Jackson found an interest in acting and switched his major.

[38] He received an Independent Spirit award for Best First Feature alongside first-time writer/director Kasi Lemmons in the drama Eve's Bayou. Jackson Chisholm took his place).[25] [26] Jackson then worked with director Steven Spielberg.[21] After seeing the effects of his addiction. appearing in Jurassic Park. Jackson received a Golden Globe nomination and a BAFTA Best Supporting Actor award win. playing a hostage negotiator who resorts to taking hostages himself when he is falsely accused of murder and embezzlement. Jackson became involved with multiple films."[29] For the Academy Awards. Jackson was introduced to director Spike Lee who would later include him in small roles for the films School Daze (1988) and Do the Right Thing (1989)."[23] The film was so acclaimed that the 1991 Cannes Film Festival created a special "Supporting Actor" award just for him. his role was commended: "As superb as Travolta."[34] With a succession of poor-performing films such as Kiss of Death.[41] [42] In 1999.[13] [20] 3 1990s While completing these films. Jackson gave up the drug in favor of cocaine.Samuel L. Jackson starred in the horror film Deep . I was overwhelmed. arrogant — this whole combination of things that you could be. for which he also served as executive producer. By the time I was out of rehab. In addition. and then moved on to two other comedies: National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1 (his first starring role) and Amos & Andrew. and Keitel are. a role which Jackson called cathartic as he was recovering from his addiction.[39] He joined up again with director Quentin Tarantino and received a Berlin Film Festival Silver Bear for Best Actor and a fourth Golden Globe nomination for his portrayal of arms merchant Ordell Robbie in Jackie Brown. Jackson's drug addiction had worsened. mainly in minimal roles in films such as Coming to America and various television films. he worked with other established actors such as Sharon Stone and Dustin Hoffman in Sphere and Kevin Spacey in The Negotiator. "To know that somebody had written something like Jules for me. as a crack cocaine addict. Jackson began to receive poor reviews from critics who had praised his performance in Pulp Fiction. The Great White Hype. Jackson earned a NAACP Image for Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture and a Golden Globe nomination for a Best Supporting Actor. Jackson was surprised to learn that the part had been specifically written for him. who was nominated for best actor).[31] [32] [33] After Pulp Fiction. including the comedy Strictly Business. and Die Hard with a Vengeance. Jackson was mentored by Morgan Freeman.[3] [19] He also played a minor role in the 1990 Martin Scorsese film Goodfellas as real-life Mafia associate Stacks Edwards and also worked as a stand-in on The Cosby Show for Bill Cosby. Jackson received multiple scripts to play his next role: "I could easily have made a career out of playing Jules over the years. "It was a funny kind of thing. This ended with his involvement in the two successful box office films A Time To Kill.[5] [24] After this role.[37] Quickly becoming a box office star.[40] In 1998. and Losing Isaiah.[3] Jackson commented on the transition.[15] Throughout his early film career.[30] For his performance. where he depicted a father who is put on trial for killing two men who raped his daughter. Jackson received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.[7] [22] When he successfully completed rehab. starring alongside Bruce Willis in the third installment of the Die Hard series. Jackson appeared in Jungle Fever.[35] [36] For A Time to Kill. Willis. After previously overdosing on heroin several times. In 187 he played a dedicated teacher striving to leave an impact on his students.[27] After a turn as the criminal Big Don in the 1993 Tarantino-penned True Romance directed by Tony Scott."[28] Although Pulp Fiction was Jackson's thirtieth film. He just about lights fires with his gremlin eyes and he transforms his speeches into hypnotic bebop soliloquies. Everybody's always sending me the script they think is the new Pulp Fiction. Miramax Films pushed for the supporting actor nomination for Jackson (although he had about the same screen time as Travolta. Jackson. In a review by Entertainment Weekly. about a week or so later I was on set and we were ready to start shooting. dramas Juice and Patriot Games.[7] After a 1981 performance in the play A Soldier's Play. his family entered him into a New York rehab clinic. the role made him internationally recognized and he received praise from critics. Jackson continued with three starring roles in 1997. thankful. Tarantino contacted Jackson for the role of Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction. knowing that somebody's going to give you an opportunity like that. the actor who reigns over Pulp Fiction is Samuel L.

he .[53] [54] In 2003. he played a recovering alcoholic attempting to keep custody of his kids while fighting a battle of wits with Ben Affleck's character in Changing Lanes. seeing his minor supporting role develop into a major character.[58] In the thriller Twisted. and the final Star Wars prequel film. Kill Bill. Jackson by Hot Action Cop.[46] He began the next decade in his film career as a Marine colonel put on trial in Rules of Engagement.[64] [65] He then went on to do a cameo in another Quentin Tarantino film. 2.[59] The film garnered a 2% approval rating on the website. entitled Sammy L. Jackson at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival According to reviews gathered by Rotten Tomatoes.[60] [61] [62] He then lent his voice to the computer-animated film The Incredibles as the superhero Frozone.Samuel L.[71] [72] His last film for 2005 was The Man alongside comedian Eugene Levy. The film was directed by Kasi Lemmons. co-starred with Bruce Willis for a third time in the supernatural thriller Unbreakable. and starred in the 2000 remake of the 1971 film Shaft.T.[3] He returned for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones.[45] 4 2000s Film roles On June 13. as a narrator along many other stars like Angela Bassett and Whoopi Goldberg. Coach Carter. this time commanding Ice Cube.[57] Jackson also appeared in HBO's documentary Unchained Memories. 2000.W. who previously worked with Jackson in Eve's Bayou. and Jackson's performance earned him an Annie Award nomination for Best Voice Acting.[51] [52] Jackson then acted as a NSA agent alongside Vin Diesel in xXx and a kilt-wearing drug dealer in The 51st State. Jackson again worked with John Travolta in Basic and then as a police sergeant alongside Colin Farrell in the television show remake S. in 2004 Jackson starred in both his lowest and highest ranked films in his career.[67] Although the film received mixed reviews. and as Jedi Master Mace Windu in George Lucas' Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace.[3] he wanted to be sure that his character would stand out in a crowded battle scene. Jackson played a mentor to Ashley Judd. with reviewers calling his performance "lackluster" and "wasted". he began with the sports drama.[63] The film received a 97% approval rating.[50] In 2002. Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith. just for the chance to be a part of the Star Wars saga). Jackson Blue Sea. Jackson was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame which can be found at 7018 Hollywood Blvd. Jackson's performance was praised despite the film's storyline."[70] Jackson also returned for two sequels: XXX: State of the Union.[66] In 2005. where he played a homeless musician in a murder thriller. Jackson's handprints in front of The Great Movie Ride at Walt Disney World's Disney's Hollywood Studios theme park. 2005.[73] On November 4. Mace Windu's purple lightsaber in the film was the result of Jackson's suggestion. He uses terminology such as paddy rollers (which can be seen on the slave patrol page) when reading his narration. Jackson claimed that he did not have a chance to read the script for the film and did not learn he was playing the character Mace Windu until he was fitted for his costume (he later said that he was eager to accept any role.[68] [69] Bob Townsend of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution commended Jackson's performance.[43] [44] In an interview. Vol.[55] [56] A song within the soundtrack was named after him.[47] [48] [49] Jackson's sole film in 2001 was The Caveman's Valentine.A. where he played a coach (based on the actual coach Ken Carter) dedicated to teaching his players that education is more important than basketball. "He takes what could have been a cardboard cliche role and puts flesh on it with his flamboyant intelligence.

[76] [77] Jackson's second film of the year.[88] In 2008. Jackson also appeared in several television shows. he has appeared in many films alongside mainstream rappers. he again worked with Quentin Tarantino when he narrated several scenes in the World War II film.[101] and the Spike TV Video Game Awards (2005. Xzibit (xXx: State of the Union). Samuel L.[82] The film was a spoof of the box office success March of the Penguins (which was narrated by Morgan Freeman). Jackson won the German Bambi Award for International Film. 2001.[78] Jackson's decision to star in the film was solely based on the title. and Unbreakable) and the actors were slated to work together in Black Water Transit before both dropped out.[98] He voiced the main antagonist.Samuel L. he provided the voice of God for The Bible Experience. Jackson was featured as narrator in Bob Saget's direct-to-DVD Farce of the Penguins. Jackson has appeared in four films with actor Bruce Willis (National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1.[99] Jackson also hosted a variety of awards shows. Queen Latifah (Juice/Sphere).[81] 5 Jackson in July 2006 On January 30. role of Mace Windu in the CGI film.[89] [90] In 2009.[75] He next starred opposite actress Julianne Moore in the box office bomb Freedomland.[79] To build anticipation for the film. a video game. Afro Samurai. followed by Lakeview Terrace where he played a racist cop who terrorizes an interracial couple. he starred in the drama Mother and Child and portrayed an interrogator who attempts to locate several nuclear weapons in the direct-to-video film Unthinkable. Jackson was presented with the Hawaii International Film Festival Achievement in Acting Award. he portrayed a blues player who imprisons a young woman (Christina Ricci) addicted to sex in Black Snake [84] [85] In 2008. which was poorly received by critics and the box office. he has hosted the MTV Movie Awards (1998).[92] [93] Alongside Dwayne Johnson. as well as an audiobook.[80] In December 2006. Jackson reprised his Moan. He was given the lead role because producers believed his deep. in addition to a recurring part as the voice of Gin Rummy in several episodes of the animated series The Boondocks. and 50 Cent (Home of the Brave). where he depicted a police detective attempting to help a mother find her abducted child while quelling a citywide race riot. Method Man (One Eight Seven). Jackson voiced several television show characters including the lead role in the anime series. in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. as a doctor returning home from the Iraq War. On December 2. Inglourious Basterds. he also cameoed in the 2006 music video Snakes on a Plane (Bring It) by Cobra Starship. Snakes on a Plane. Thus far. an adaptation of the Stephen King short story. 2006.[83] Also in 2007.A. Eve (xXx). 2002.[95] Television and other roles In addition to films.[74] On January 30. Pulp Fiction. LL Cool J (Deep Blue Sea/S. Jackson portrayed Rev. Throughout Jackson's career. 2006. he portrayed the villain in The Spirit. he is the seventh African American and 191st actor to be recognized in this manner.[86] [87] In November of the same year.[96] [97] He guest-starred as himself in an episode of the BBC/HBO sitcom Extras. Star Wars: The Clone Wars. David Banner (Black Snake Moan).T. the New Testament audiobook version of the Bible. Sultan in the Falcons "Rise Up" commercial to help improve tickets sales. Die Hard with a Vengeance. Ice Cube (xXx: State of the Union).[100] the ESPYs (1999.[103] For the Atlanta Falcons 2010 season. 2007. Officer Frank Tenpenny. authoritative voice would best fit the role. and the horror film 1408. Busta Rhymes (Shaft). . he starred along with Bernie Mac and Isaac Hayes (who both died prior to the film's release) in Soul Men. and 2007).[102] In November 2006.W. Jackson was honored with a hand and footprint ceremony at Grauman's Chinese Theater. Jackson starred in Home of the Brave.). based on his many film contributions.[91] In 2010. gained cult film status months before it was released based on its title and cast. Jackson again portrayed a police officer in the opening scenes of the comedy The Other Guys. These include Tupac Shakur (Juice). and 2009).[94] Additionally.

Jackson signed on to a nine-picture deal with Marvel which would see him appear as the character in Iron Man 2.[104] In the 2008 film Iron Man. Neilson E. his films have grossed a total of $2.[112] Personal life Jackson married actress LaTanya Richardson in 1980.[107] Throughout the 1990s. A. Shaft.[106] Box office performance Jackson has said that he chooses roles that are "exciting to watch" and have an "interesting character inside of a story".I. having earned $7. a box office tracking company. Captain America: The First Avenger. including Jules Winnfield..42 billion in 68 films. Jackson stated in an interview that he wanted to play a small role in George Lucas's Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull so that he could keep his box office position over Harrison Ford. and Frozone.7 billion domestically.81[109] to $4.Samuel L. behind only that of voice actor Frank Welker.C. In 2001. Zoe.[111] The 2009 edition of The Guinness World Records.[45] Jackson and his wife Latanya Richardson during a tour of Naval Station Pearl Harbor .[113] The couple. which uses a different calculation to determine film grosses. Jackson gave his consent for Marvel Comics to design their "Ultimate" version of the character Nick Fury after his likeness. California. determined that Jackson appeared in more films than any other actor which grossing $1. stated that Jackson is the world's highest grossing actor. born in 1982.[113] Jackson has revealed in an interview that he sees every one of his movies in theaters with paying customers claiming that "Even during my theater years.[114] She works as a sports channel producer. In 2008 and 2010. have a daughter.[3] In 2009. and that in his roles he wanted to "do things [he hasn't] done. he made a cameo as the character in a post-credit scene. who live in Los Angeles. things [he] saw as a kid and wanted to do and now [has] an opportunity to do". Jackson 6 Upcoming films Jackson gave his approval for Marvel to use his likeness for the Ultimate Nick Fury. whom he met while attending Morehouse College.[116] He is a comic book and anime fan.C.[108] For all the films in his career. the couple started their own charitable organization to help support education. I wished I could watch the plays I was in — while I was in them! I dig watching myself work. In August 2007. and The Avengers as well as any other sequels they would produce. where he is featured as a leading actor or supporting co-star.91 billion[110] at the North American box office."[115] He also enjoys collecting the action figures of the characters he portrays in his films. Mace Windu. he portrayed the character in the Iron Man series of movies Jackson has several upcoming film projects between 2010 and 2011.[105] In February 2009. placing him as the seventh (as strictly lead) or the second highest-grossing movie star (counting supporting roles) of all time.

. independent. he ended the tale by lamenting to Jay Leno. p.[117] Jackson has reflected on his decision to go bald: "I keep ending up on those bald is beautiful lists. Margy (November 2. When I grew up and people told me I could be president. html). co. . Retrieved May 10. The Tavis Smiley Show. 2009. html). [3] "Episode #8. and had to keep shaving his head so wigs could be made for him.[121] [122] [123] Jackson drew upon his middle class roots during the 2008 Democratic Primary when he campaigned for then Illinois Senator Barack Obama in Texarkana. co. "Samuel L Jackson: 'Now we got the movie stuff out of the way. The Independent (London). . tiscali.Samuel L. Retrieved May 10.[120] He also became a Liverpool F. Dotson (January 9. 1993. Texas. Jackson. com/ gst/ fullpage. [13] Kung. 15. . is if I'm not workin'!".. also supports a Dublin based football team Bohemian F.uk. [5] Rochlin.[6] [31] He has played in the Gary Player Invitational charity golf tournament to assist golf icon Gary Player raise funds for needy children in South Africa. a known lover of Ireland. . [7] "Samuel L. Jackson" (http:/ / www. . "He Found His Voice (Film actor Samuel L. Jackson went from addict to Hollywood star" (http:/ / www. I knew it was a lie. 2010. "Clean Break With the Past . "Samuel L. He stated that the golf course is the only place where he "can go dressed as a pimp and fit in perfectly". Jackson" (http:/ / movies. org/ kcet/ tavissmiley/ archive/ 200602/ 20060224_jackson. Retrieved May 10. "Action Jackson" (http:/ / www. com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=NewsLibrary& p_multi=DSNB& d_place=DSNB& p_theme=newslibrary2& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0F360727929D68D9& p_field_direct-0=document_id& p_perpage=10& p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM) (Fee required). . March 2. . a game he has been reported to have become very proficient at.[3] Jackson has a clause in his film contracts that allows him to play golf during production. parade. 2006). Yahoo Movies. Inside the Actors Studio. html?res=9803E1DD1231F931A35752C1A961958260). I couldn't face having a comb over so I had to quickly figure what the haircut for me was. Michelle (February 12. The Deseret News. [11] Smiley. but enjoys wearing unusual wigs in his films. Jackson" (http:/ / www. html). "Samuel L. uk/ sport/ golf/ from-coke-addict-to-golf-addict-how-samuel-l-jackson-found-salvation-on-fairways-to-heaven-543591. Retrieved May 10. 2009. No.C. 21 [9] Hudson 2004. Anyone can grow up to be a president. Sean (December 7. Retrieved May 10. guardian. samuelljackson.[118] Jackson usually gets to pick his own hairstyles for each character he portrays. [12] Rader. Tavis (February 24. let's talk about something serious'" (http:/ / www. . com/ ae/ movies/ articles/ 2006/ 02/ 12/ action_jackson/ ). 2002. 2004). com/ archives/ entertainment/ 2000/ 06/ 11/ 2000-06-11_clean_break_with_the_past_sa. co. uk/ entertainment/ film/ biographies/ samuel_l_jackson_biog. fan after filming The 51st State in Liverpool. 2009. "Tough Guy Finds His Warm and Fuzzy Side" (http:/ / query. New York Daily News. tiscali. when I started losing my hair it was during the era when everybody had lots of hair.co. com/ articles/ editions/ 2005/ edition_01-09-2005/ featured_0). "From coke addict to golf addict: How Samuel L Jackson found salvation on fairways to heaven" (http:/ / www. 2000). The New York Times.Samuel L. Karen (October 13. 2009. html). uk/ film/ 2008/ dec/ 07/ samuel-l-jackson-hollywood-film). 2009. . Rob. nytimes. June 2. "The only way I'm gonna have time to grow my hair back. 2005). Retrieved May 10. 2006). p. I am a child of segregation.15". 2009. [4] Kay. 1997). Jackson Jackson is bald. Boston Globe. com/ Actors-and-Actresses-Hu-Ke/ Jackson-Samuel-L. and especially favors the Toronto Raptors and the Harlem Globetrotters. newsbank. . He said "Barack Obama represents everything I was told I could be growing up. [14] O'Hagan."[124] 7 References [1] http:/ / www.com. London: guardian. [6] Beale. explaining that he had to shave his head for one role. You know. season 8. 2009. Film Reference. the American Dream is a reality. It's cool. Parade. html). All of a sudden I felt this big hole in the middle of my afro. Jackson enjoys playing golf.. Retrieved January 24."[117] His first bald role was in The Great White Hype. Retrieved January 25.[7] Jackson is also a keen basketball fan. yahoo.. 2009. filmreference. 2009. boston. 2010. com/ [2] "Samuel Jackson Figures He Owes His Success to Morgan Freeman" (http:/ / nl. [15] "Samuel L. but then he kept receiving more and more roles afterward. 2008). [8] Hudson 2004. Retrieved May 10. Jackson)" (http:/ / www.[118] [119] Although he did poke fun at his baldness the first time he appeared bald on The Tonight Show. Retrieved June 5. But now we have a representative. nydailynews. .C. Jackson Biography" (http:/ / www.. pbs. . 23 [10] Edelman. Lewis (June 11. com/ movie/ contributor/ 1800018848/ bio). Laughingly. Retrieved May 10.

sdsu. Retrieved May 10. com/ pages/ interviews/ samjackson/ slj. "Working It" (http:/ / archives. Mark (July 2006). 1993). "Samuel Jackson is quite the character" (http:/ / nl. 41 [20] Hudson 2004. . ew. google. [37] Ryan. Retrieved January 24. Entertainment Weekly. cnn. 2009. com/ newspapers?id=ENUdAAAAIBAJ& sjid=a8cEAAAAIBAJ& pg=1458. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 1999/ 12/ 10/ DD79677. [17] Angeli. DTL). [27] Price. . "Really Dangerous Minds in '187'" (http:/ / www. google. p. p. edu/ pqdweb?did=24372228& sid=1& Fmt=3& clientId=17862& RQT=309& VName=PQD) (Registration required). Tasty Thriller" (http:/ / www.com. 2010. "Samuel L. . 71 [24] "Festival de Cannes: Jungle Fever" (http:/ / www. Michael (February 19. CNN. html). html). James (April 28. "The Negotiator (1998)" (http:/ / www. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 1997/ 07/ 30/ DD16546. 2009. 1998). Ian (July 31. com/ cgi-bin/ article. sfgate. BigFanBoy.' 'Star Maps' and 'Ulee's Gold' follow in the nominations honoring independent films" (http:/ / proquest. "Samuel L. [39] Wallace.5946643& dq). com/ newspapers?id=VIwxAAAAIBAJ& sjid=8aYFAAAAIBAJ& pg=2274. "Duvall's 'Apostle' Truly Filled With Spirit. "Jackson Out of Hiding" (http:/ / news. San Francisco Chronicle. . com/ ew/ article/ 0. p. [42] Gleiberman. & pub=Chicago+ Tribune+ (pre-1997+ Fulltext)& desc=Reaching+ for+ the+ top+ Veteran+ actor+ Samuel+ Jackson+ more+ than+ just+ a+ familiar+ face& pqatl=google) (Fee required). valentine/ index. John (February 24. festival-cannes. libproxy. 1993).00. com/ movies/ ?id=timetokill. Retrieved May 10. review2). "Play it again Samuel. 1998). CNN. Michael H. Reading Eagle (Google News). umi. html). edu/ pqdweb?did=26612584& sid=2& Fmt=3& clientId=17862& RQT=309& VName=PQD) (Registration required). htm). Derek (February 23. 1993). 99 [29] Hudson 2004. p. 2010. Chicago Tribune. htm). . uk/ film/ 2002/ oct/ 27/ features. . Retrieved May 10. . Ocala Star-Banner (Google News). Retrieved May 10. Retrieved May 10. [38] Guthmann.284164. ." (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 26. . Retrieved January 25. com. sfgate. Jackson [16] Petrakis. 53 [21] Hudson 2004. com/ newspapers?id=0tYjAAAAIBAJ& sjid=xAcEAAAAIBAJ& pg=4449. "The Force is With Jackson" (http:/ / news. 2009.Samuel L. Retrieved January 25. . p. 2005). 65 [22] Hudson 2004. . 1998). co. John (February 24.+ 1993& author=John+ Petrakis. 2010. 2010. The Guardian. Edward (July 30. December 24. bigfanboy. html). . cnn. 1993). Retrieved January 25. [45] Walters. "Reaching for the top Veteran actor Samuel Jackson more than just a familiar face" (http:/ / proquest. 2010. com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=DM& p_theme=dm& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0ED3D36C03903EC7& p_field_direct-0=document_id& p_perpage=10& p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM) (Fee required). "Brazilian wins Berlin film prize with odyssey of an orphan" (http:/ / proquest. 1995).com. 1998). 2010. 8 . [18] Hudson 2004. google. Retrieved January 24. . Retrieved May 10. p. San Francisco Chronicle. Box Office Mojo. newsbank. [32] "'Gump' Tops Golden Globe Nominations" (http:/ / www. (June 14. Sanjiv (October 27. [26] Petrakis. 2009. p. The New York Times. com/ chicagotribune/ access/ 24372228. DTL). libproxy. "These Sharks Have Attitude .1862508& dq). 2010. nytimes. Retrieved January 26. 32 [19] Hudson 2004. "'Jurassic Park' Thriller Not Necessarily For Kids" (http:/ / news. 2009. 2010. . [36] "Die Hard: With a Vengeance" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. The Dallas Morning News. TimesDaily (Google News). html?dids=24372228:24372228& FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT& type=current& date=Feb+ 24. Retrieved May 10. Retrieved January 26. pqarchiver. 1998). Jackson talks Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. "'Sphere' takes moviegoers to new depths" (http:/ / www. 121 [35] "A Time to Kill" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. 66 [23] Hudson 2004. 2010. Retrieved January 24. 2002). The Observer (London). 1997). Box Office Mojo.. Owen (July 31. com/ SHOWBIZ/ 9802/ 13/ sphere/ index. 2010. com/ 1994/ 12/ 24/ arts/ gump-tops-golden-globe-nominations. [25] Ryan. . Retrieved May 10. [34] Hudson 2004. 2009.. Michael (March 1. Los Angeles Times.. [33] Okwu. 1998). Chicago Tribune. . 2010. Amy (January 9. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 85/ year/ 1991. festival-cannes. com/ movies/ ?id=diehardwithavengeance. . Jackson not caving in to star pressure" (http:/ / archives. com. 5 [31] Bhattacharya.6614694& dq). sdsu. html). p. sdsu. [43] LaSalle. Retrieved January 26. Tim (November 5. libproxy. html). [41] Michael. Movies: 'Hard Eight. com/ 2001/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 03/ 01/ okwu. 2001). [40] Malcolm. com. . "Reaching for the top Veteran actor Samuel Jackson more than just a familiar face" (http:/ / pqasb. . 1994. 2009. umi. com/ cgi-bin/ article. com/ 2005/ 11/ 05/ features/ story01. starbulletin. Dennis (February 13. html). Mick (July 31. Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved January 25. 106 [30] Hudson 2004. [44] Spelling. edu/ pqdweb?did=25288218& sid=1& Fmt=3& clientId=17862& RQT=309& VName=PQD) (Registration required). 2009. .'Deep Blue Sea' a Fresh. p. p. 2010. Retrieved January 25. guardian. umi. [28] Hudson 2004.

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Ty (April 16. Retrieved January 26. Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved January 26. 2010. Retrieved May 10. edgeboston. Entertainment Weekly. php?id=75228) on December 27.. slantmagazine. . archive. . 2009. . Retrieved January 26. . Boston Globe.1386671. html). [74] "Samuel L. Retrieved January 26. 2004).101760~1~0~cavemansvalentine. Kenneth (May 15. 2004). The Baltimore Sun.00. [51] Hudson 2004. 2005). com/ entertainment/ 3981189/ detail. [63] Burr. . com/ movies/ content/ shared/ movies/ reviews/ C/ coachcarter. 2010. 2004). . [54] "Formula 51 (2002)" (http:/ / www. [49] Rush. Jackson [46] "Locations of Stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.0. imdb. "'Basic' Travolta" (http:/ / news. p. com/ news/ globe/ living/ articles/ 2004/ 04/ 16/ second_kill_bill_is_dead_on/ ). au/ articles/ 2002/ 08/ 29/ 1030508097645. 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Retrieved January 26. shtml). 2003.2059890& dq). ew. com/ tool/ display_news. USA Today. [60] "Twisted (2004)" (http:/ / www. com/ m/ incredibles/ ). 2005). ew.' tops weekend box office" (http:/ / www. . nydailynews. . com/ ew/ article/ 0. . The Sun. Joanna Molloy. [59] Sragow. Slant Magazine. 2010. "Non-Action Hero Gets Top Billing" (http:/ / www. 2000). html). html). [66] Burr. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [55] Bentley. David (January 14. uk/ sol/ homepage/ showbiz/ film/ movie_reviews/ article1479695. Entertainment Weekly. story) on May 23. . org/ web/ 20071227112038/ http:/ / www. 2002. Retrieved January 26. 2005). Associated Press. 2010. [71] "Time For a Lads Night Out" (http:/ / www. Jackson to receive acting award" (http:/ / www. . 219 [52] World Entertainment News Network (May 7. . "Jackson: 'Shaft' Drove Me Daft" (http:/ / www. 2005). seeing-stars. 2010. Rotten Tomatoes. washingtonpost. 2010. 2002. Ken (November 28. 2004.+ 2004& author=Michael+ Sragow& pub=The+ Sun& desc=The+ McQueen+ of+ women-in-jeopardy+ films+ . accessatlanta.00. . story). Sacramento News & Review. 2010. George. Ty (November 5. 2010.. com/ ae/ movies/ articles/ 2004/ 11/ 05/ look_up_in_the_sky_its_a_flabby_suburban_dad/ ). Jim (March 11. 2009. Retrieved May 10. usatoday. 2008. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2005/ 09/ 11/ PKGCJEG1RL1. com/ m/ twisted/ ). usatoday. com/ film/ review/ twisted/ 922). . Retrieved January 26. August 30. Retrieved January 26. com/ news/ wenn/ 2002-05-07#celeb9). pqarchiver. ece). Retrieved January 26. [57] "Hot Action Cop in TV. Retrieved January 26. August 12. com/ cgi-bin/ article. smh. [50] Schwarzbaum. "Winning a Future" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 26. Retrieved January 26. 2010. . Rick (March 22. 2009. EDGE. html). Hugh (September 11. com/ tool/ display_news. Retrieved January 26. [70] Townsend. Retrieved January 26. 2010. KIRO-TV. Retrieved January 26. 2002). . htm). html). html). Los Angeles Times. 2001). 2010.0. org/ web/ 20080523190635/ http:/ / www. Sean (January 14. Comics!" (http:/ / www. .3978032& dq).89631. Lisa (March 7. August 20. hotactioncop. com.1386671. 2010. Retrieved May 10. "Coach Carter" (http:/ / www. "Twisted" (http:/ / www. boston. [72] Turan.

MSNBC. Retrieved May 10. "Why thesps can't laugh off animated voice gigs" (http:/ / www. MTV. The New York Times. [79] Tyrangiel. html). htm). Larry. USA Today. msn. Catherine (March 25. washingtonpost. 2010. Jackson [75] "Actor Jackson enters Walk of Fame" (http:/ / news. com/ disp/ story. [94] Silberman. [85] Thomson. 10 . 2009. July 16. [82] Palathingal. . com/ id/ 14344100/ ). chron. BBC News. html). Box Office Mojo. 2008). . 2007). Retrieved January 26. 2010. . msn. "WWII rewritten in glorious Basterds" (http:/ / www. [99] Vargas. [103] "Jackson Voices God" (http:/ / www. . com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2007/ 06/ 21/ AR2007062102344. 2010. Retrieved January 26. 2008). [89] "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. . Josh (April 24. 2010. 2010. "Cult film fans are bitten by Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. html). The Sydney Morning Herald. 2006). com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2008-08-11-hayes-mac-movie_N.8599. nytimes. cnn. 2006). Retrieved January 26. The Washington Post. . latimes. .+ billhutchens@thenewstribunecom& pub=News+ Tribune& desc=Having+ a+ Grand+ Theft+ time& pqatl=google) (Fee required). com/ 2006/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 02/ 17/ ew. . jhtml). April 7. htm). . 2009. herald-mail. "Creepy '1408': It's Worth Checking Into" (http:/ / www. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 24. 2009. 2009). com/ movies/ ?id=freedomland. 2010. 2009). [78] Elsworth. Jackson: 'I'm fine with snakes'" (http:/ / www. Los Angeles Times. freedomland/ index. [95] Carroll. Retrieved January 24. [86] Germain. David (August 11. 2007). The Daily Telegraph (London). com/ ?module=displaystory& story_id=111635& format=html). 2004). "Trite script wins battle in 'Home of the Brave'" (http:/ / www. htm). 2010. Retrieved May 10. 2009. The Houston Chronicle. "DVD reviews: 'Lakeview Terrace. MSNBC. MSNBC. Associated Press. 2010. 2006). [88] Bowles. . com/ article/ VR1117945183. [97] Weisman. The Washington Post. [83] "Samuel L. . hollywoodtoday. com/ m/ the_spirit/ ). . USA Today. 2005. Variety. Jon (May 13. [76] "Freedomland" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.com. stm). Retrieved January 25. BBC News. May 4. [77] Gleiberman. 2010. Hollywood Today. bbc. 2009. rollingstone. . 2006). 2010. html). 1998.00. Shawn Adler and Josh Horowitz (January 26. boxofficemojo. 2010. com/ artists/ thewallflowers/ articles/ story/ 5922082/ wallflowers_imbruglia_set_for_mtv_movie_awards). Jackson returns as ESPY Awards host" (http:/ / goldderby. mpl/ ent/ movies/ mobile/ 6580920. January 24.' 'Fireproof'" (http:/ / www. 2010. [96] "Samuel L.Samuel L. 2010. [100] "Wallflowers. com/ id/ 28917026/ ns/ entertainment-movies). 2009. com/ time/ nation/ article/ 0. "'Freedomland' shrill and joyless" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 26. . August 18. html). html). Retrieved January 24. rottentomatoes. The Herald-Mail. html). htm). Geoff (January 24. Retrieved May 10. Retrieved January 26. Jackson enjoyed violent scene" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 26. 2010. co. . "Major Players" (http:/ / www. com/ 2009/ jan/ 24/ entertainment/ et-afrosamurai24). msnbc. pqarchiver. May 16. blinkx. mtv. au/ news/ film-reviews/ farce-of-the-penguins/ 2007/ 08/ 02/ 1185648019056. [92] Boucher. Retrieved January 26. com/ news. Box Office Mojo. Entertainment Weekly (CNN). html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). . Retrieved January 24. msnbc. ContactMusic. "Review: 'Clone Wars' is fun though forgettable" (http:/ / www. com/ id/ 16158558/ ). [80] "Bambi honour for Jackson" (http:/ / www. 'Underdog' Gets Real: Sundance File" (http:/ / www. com. mov. . . The News Tribune. boston. Retrieved January 24. 2009. [101] "Samuel L. uk/ news/ worldnews/ northamerica/ usa/ 1513961/ Cult-film-fans-are-bitten-by-Snakes-on-a-Plane. msn. "Farce of the Penguins" (http:/ / www. com/ wp-dyn/ articles/ A193-2004Dec14. Associated Press. 2010. "Snakes on Samuel L. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 4201783. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 10. [87] Germain. Ross (April 23. 2005. 2007). Hayes were doubly devastating" (http:/ / www. bbc. David (January 29. [102] Hutchens. deaths of Mac. smh. msnbc. 2008). "Hollywood's One Remaining Taboo Found in 'Black Snake Moan'" (http:/ / www. . George (August 2. 2006. latimes. washingtonpost. Scott (August 14. Boston Globe. Retrieved January 24. [84] Johnson. Retrieved January 25. ITV News. Mick (August 20. Stacey (August 27. Bill (April 29. . com/ ae/ celebrity/ articles/ 2009/ 02/ 15/ samuel_l_jackson_enjoyed_violent_scene/ ). Jackson is animated about 'Afro Samurai: Resurrection'" (http:/ / articles. net/ 2007/ 08/ 27/ samuel-l-jackson-man-of-many-digital-faces/ ). 2009. Retrieved January 26. . 2010. html?dids=1470436661:1470436661& FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT& type=current& date=Apr+ 29. Imbruglia Set For MTV Movie Awards" (http:/ / www. 2010. David (December 14. Jackson" (http:/ / www. January 31. Retrieved January 26. variety. com/ awards_goldderby/ 2009/ 04/ samuel-l-jackson-returns-as-espy-awards-host. Retrieved January 24. 2006. . [91] LaSalle. usatoday.+ 2008& author=BILL+ HUTCHENS. com/ life/ movies/ 2008-08-11-1299828071_x. nsf/ article/ jackson voices god_1002655). com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=spirit09. Owen (February 17. . . [90] "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. "Having a Grand Theft time" (http:/ / pqasb. 2010. com/ video/ bambi-honour-for-jackson/ xfWSv2VzyZ-qWa94OfGgkQ). uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 4664710. 2010. Jackson to give a voice to 'Afro Samurai'" (http:/ / www. . "For 'Soul Men' director. Associated Press. "Samuel L. Jackson: Man of Many Digital Faces" (http:/ / www. 2010. [93] "Samuel L. Retrieved January 24. Retrieved May 10. Retrieved January 24. contactmusic. com/ TRIBnet/ access/ 1470436661. 2006). Retrieved January 25. usatoday. co.1186739. 2006). Retrieved May 10. time. . com/ 2006/ 04/ 23/ movies/ 23john. 2010. Jose Antonio (December 15. 2010. html). February 15. 2010. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1550866/ 20070126/ story. "Sam Jackson Reunites With Willis. Rolling Stone. Desson (June 22. html). . telegraph. stm). Retrieved January 24. 2007). . [81] Germain. 2009). Time. Retrieved January 24. 2006. [98] "A-listers flock to Gervais sitcom" (http:/ / news. . "Samuel L. co.

2009. "Jackson's Fury in flurry of Marvel films" (http:/ / www. 2009. 213 [109] "People Index" (http:/ / www. Retrieved April 26. 2006). 2005). sun2surf. 2007. 11 . "Raptors provide Jackson's action" (http:/ / www2. Jackson shares some of his thoughts on acting. . The Times of India.Samuel L. monstersandcritics. 2008). html).20213067_20213068_20198639. 2002). LatinoReview. Joe (September 16. .co. 2008). .uk. com/ ?cp=142& show=article& a_id=3977) on November 19. Retrieved November 9. Jackson: Out of Lee's 'Jungle. . [121] "Celebrity Evertonians" (http:/ / www. vows Hollywood star Jackson" (http:/ / www. [105] Vary. his new movie and his biggest phobia" (http:/ / www. Boston Herald. . London: guardian. . Retrieved May 10. Retrieved January 26. October 13. bostonherald. Retrieved May 10. Geoff (January 13. . April 21. htm). html). [107] Dawson. 2009. Jackson" (http:/ / nl. Jackson's bald love" (http:/ / www. "Celebrity Spotlight: Samuel L. Sun2Surf. nytimes. Shinan (November 4. 2009.00. cms). "His Own Best Fan" (http:/ / www. html). 2011. archive. php). 2009). tv/ news/ latest-news/ hollywood-star-proud-to-be-red). A. uk/ lifeandstyle/ 2009/ may/ 23/ samuel-l-jackson-family-values). .9171. Adam B. canada. Retrieved May 10. ToffeeWeb. com/ ?cp=142& show=article& a_id=3977). [115] Tyrangiel. toffeeweb. . 2009. html?id=1371686c-6b13-4df1-a6dd-b7f6c006af6b& k=33394). . ie/ entertainment/ around-town/ im-a-bohs-fan-till-i-die-vows-hollywood-star-jackson-2147632. 1991). [124] Martin. "My family values" (http:/ / www.com. com/ people/ news/ article_1364990.tv. . "Wigs Often Play Supporting Roles in Films With Samuel L. 2010. com/ fans/ celebrities. On Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / www. 2005. July 16.' Into the Limelight" (http:/ / www. [110] "All Time Top 100 Stars at the Box Office" (http:/ / www.ie. com/ article/ idUSTRE51P0DD20090226). reuters. . ew. Jackson says 'Maybe I won't be Nick Fury'" (http:/ / latimesblogs. the-numbers. [123] "I'm a Bohs fan till I die. "Interview: Samuel L. "Brangelina take over the 'World'" (http:/ / news. [106] Kit. 2009). 2006). p. Angela (August 25. "Samuel L. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Retrieved May 10. 2010. com/ track/ celebrity/ view/ 2008_09_16_Brangelina_take_over_the_ World / srvc=home& position=3) (Registration required). php). Clark Collis (May 9. Retrieved May 10. . newsbank. Texarkana Gazette. . Los Angeles Times. asp). "Jackson campaigns for Obama" (http:/ / www. Retrieved May 10. "Striking While Iron Man is Hot" (http:/ / www. August 26. [114] Williams. . com/ windsorstar/ news/ sports/ story. 2010. . . Prairie (May 18. cfm?id=15260). The Numbers. [116] Miller. Box Office Mojo. Lena (June 9. Retrieved January 3. [122] "Hollywood star proud to be Red" (http:/ / www. 2010. com/ people/ records/ ). longislandpress. Jackson" (http:/ / web. Retrieved January 25. 2008). 2010. [118] Walton. 2007. Retrieved May 10. Antoinette (February 14.1223382. com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=AT& p_theme=at& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0F6CEC32D01EB37B& p_field_direct-0=document_id& p_perpage=10& p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM) (Fee required). Retrieved January 26. . [112] Dwinell.. 2009. 2009. Retrieved May 10. boxofficemojo. 2009. Retrieved November 9. 2010. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. indiatimes. 20111. Scott (October 21. latimes. Retrieved May 10. org/ web/ 20051119091014/ http:/ / www. latinoreview. [113] Mears. [108] Hudson 2004. com/ people/ ?view=Actor& sort=sumgross& p=. Time. 2010. Monsters and Critics. Entertainment Weekly. LongIslandPress. time. "Samuel L. The Windsor Star. longislandpress. Jackson [104] Boucher. com/ 1991/ 06/ 09/ movies/ up-and-coming-samuel-l-jackson-out-of-lee-s-jungle-into-the-limelight.com. 2009.com. herald. . guardian. 2006). Retrieved June 9. html). Retrieved May 10. [111] "Jackson wants Indiana Jones role" (http:/ / timesofindia. Retrieved January 3. 2009). Marie (February 25. Herald. 2009. Jo (May 23. com/ news/ interview-samuel-l-on-black-snake-moan-1467). Retrieved May 10. texarkanagazette. com/ International_Buzz/ Jackson_wants_Indiana_Jones_role/ articleshow/ 2310681. Josh (August 7. [120] Govani. [117] "Samuel L. The New York Times. 2009. [119] Alvarez. Borys (February 25. com/ herocomplex/ 2009/ 01/ nick-fury-no-mo.. "Nick Fury no more? Samuel L. The Hollywood Reporter (Reuters). 2007). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 2010. co. 2009. . Liverpoolfc. liverpoolfc.00. html). com/ news/ localnews/ 2008/ 02/ 25/ jackson-campaigns-for-obama-90. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. com/ article.

Jeff (2004). Jackson (http://www.[5] In 1999 Jackson started playing the recurring character Mace Windu in both the Star Wars prequel trilogy[6] and in the animated film Star Wars: The Clone Wars[7] Since 2000 he has been cast as the lead in the remake of Shaft. Tracey E.[17] In 2000 Jackson was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. for which he won a special jury prize for best supporting actor at the Cannes International Film Festival. Samuel L. Great Britain: Virgin Books. ISBN 0-7910-5282-6.[10] Snakes on a Plane. in the 1991 Spike Lee film Jungle Fever. and the The Negotiator. In 1994 he was also nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a miniseries for Against The Wall.co.uk/entertainment/film/biography/artist/ samuel-l-jackson/biography/109) Samuel L. A Time to Kill. External links • Official site of Samuel L. Jackson is an American actor who has appeared in over one hundred films. Jackson: The Unauthorised Biography.[11] and Lakeview Terrace.[1] . Chelsea House Publications. Jackson (http://www.com/name/nm0000168/) at the Internet Movie Database • Extensive biography of Samuel L.com/) • Samuel L. among other [12] films. ISBN 1-85227-024-1.W.Samuel L.A.imdb.talktalk..[15] Jackson also received Golden Globe nominations in 1996 for A Time to Kill[16] and in 1997 for Jackie Brown. and in 2006 put his hand and footprints outside Grauman's Chinese Theatre.T. The Great White Hype. Jackson (Black Americans of Achievement).[9] Coach Carter. Samuel L. 1999. Jackson (http://www. a crack addict.[1] Over the next nineteen years Jackson was cast in multiple films as minor characters up until his breakthrough role as Gator.[2] Jackson's film career started in 1972 with a role in the film Together for Days.[1] The collective total of all box office receipts for films that Jackson has appeared in (including minor roles and cameos) is the highest of any on-screen actor. Jackson in 2008 For his role in Pulp Fiction Jackson won a British Academy of Film and Television Arts award for Best Supporting Actor[13] and was nominated for an Academy Award[14] and a Golden Globe Award. Further reading • Dils.[3] After Jungle Fever Jackson was cast in starring roles in Amos & Andrew.[4] Pulp Fiction. Jackson filmography Samuel L.[8] S.samuelljackson. Samuel L. Jackson 12 Bibliography • Hudson.

Jackson filmography 13 Filmography Film Year [1] [18] [19] Michael Schultz [20] Glenn Jordan Milos Forman [23] [25] In a sketch that precedes concert [24] footage Role Director Notes 1972 Together for Days Stan [20] First feature film for Jackson and [19] Schultz [20] Samuel L. Simpson B-Bop [54] [55] [51] 1992 1992 1992 1992 1993 1993 [50] White Sands [18] Jumpin' at the Boneyard Johnny Suede [53] [55] [50] Roger Donaldson [52] Jeff Stanzler Tom Di Cillo [53] [52] Fathers & Sons True Romance Marshall Big Don [55] Paul Mones Tony Scott [56] [56] [18] [57] Menace II Society Tat Lawson [58] Hughes brothers . Paul [32] Baxley [33] Harold Becker [35] Martin Scorsese [38] 1989 1990 Black Guy Parnell Steven "Stacks" [34] Edwards Madlock [37] [37] [31] 1990 1990 1990 1990 1990 1991 1991 1992 1992 [36] Mo' Better Blues Def by Temptation [39] Spike Lee Minister Garth [40] James Bond III [41] Alan Alda [42] Jan Egleson Sig Shore [43] [31] Betsy's Wedding A Shock to the System [37] [43] Taxi Dispatcher Ulysses [37] [37] The Return of Superfly Strictly Business [44] Nate Cabot Monroe [37] [46] [45] Kevin Hooks Spike Lee [46] [46] Jungle Fever [18] Juice Patriot Games [48] Gator Purify Trip [37] [47] Ernest Dickerson Phillip Noyce [49] LCDR Robby [48] Jackson Greg Meeker Mr.Samuel L. 2 [24] Eddie's uncle [24] Robert Townsend [26] John Landis Spike Lee Spike Lee [28] 1988 1988 1989 Coming to America [27] School Daze Do the Right Thing [22] Hold-Up Man Leeds [27] [22] [29] Mister Señor Love [29] Daddy Blind Dream Man [31] [31] [29] 1989 The Exorcist III [30] Sea of Love Goodfellas [3] [30] William Peter Blatty. Jackson's 2nd 1977 1981 1987 The Displaced Person [21] Ragtime Eddie Murphy Raw Sulk [18] [22] Gang Member No.

Max Frye [61] 14 1993 1993 Amos & Andrew Jurassic Park Andrew Sterling John Raymond [18] Arnold Dre [37] [63] [60] [18] [18] Steven Spielberg [62] Robert Townsend [63] Boaz Yakin [64] Quentin Tarantino [64] Independent Spirit Award for Best Actor Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor Television movie [65] 1993 1994 1994 The Meteor Man Fresh [63] [37] Sam [64] Pulp Fiction Jules Winnfield 1994 1994 1994 1994 Against The Wall [65] Jamaal Dale [66] [37] John Frankenheimer [66] Michael Tolkin [65] [66] The New Age Hail Caesar [67] Mailman [67] Anthony Michael Hall [67] Cameo Assault at West Point: The [68] Court-Martial of Johnson Whittaker Kiss of Death [69] [70] Richard Theodore [68] Greener Calvin Hart [69] [70] [71] [69] Barbet Schroede [70] John McTiernan [71] Stephen Gyllenhaal [72] Carlo Carlei [73] Reginald Hudlin [73] [72] Voice 1995 1995 1995 1995 1996 1996 1996 1996 1996 1996 Die Hard with a Vengeance Losing Isaiah [72] Fluke The Great White Hype [18] A Time to Kill The Long Kiss Goodnight Hard Eight [75] [60] [73] [71] Zeus Carver Kadar Lewis Rumbo [72] Rev. Charles [59] Picerni Sr. Gary Gray [80] [80] [81] The Negotiator [82] The Red Violin [83] Out of Sight [81] Lt. Danny Roman Charles Morritz Con man [83] [82] [81] [82] [83] [83] Uncredited cameo Francois Girard Steven Soderbergh . Wes Luger [18] Gene Quintano. Fred Sultan Carl Lee Hailey [60] [18] Joel Schumacher Renny Harlin [74] [74] [74] Mitch Henessey Jimmy [75] [75] Paul Thomas Anderson [60] Steve Buscemi [76] For use in schools Trees Lounge Wendell Teens and Guns: Preventing [37] Violence The Search for One-eye Jimmy [78] One Eight Seven [18] Eve's Bayou [79] Jackie Brown Sphere [80] [77] Colonel Ron [77] [78] [77] Sam Henry Kass [78] Kevin Reynolds Kasi Lemmons [18] [79] 1996 1997 1997 1997 1998 1998 1998 1998 Trevor Garfield Louis Batiste [18] [18] [18] Debut as a producer Ordell Robbie Harry Adams Quentin Tarantino Barry Levinson F. Jackson filmography 1993 [18] Loaded Weapon 1 [60] Sgt.Samuel L. E.

[93] Ronny Yu [91] [92] [92] Sergeant Nathan West John McTiernan Sgt.T.A. Ellis Irwin Winkler [103] 2005 2006 2006 2006 2007 Derrick Vann [101] [102] Lorenzo Council Neville Flynn Will Marsh Narrator [18] Home of the Brave [104] [104] [105] Voice Farce of the Penguins [105] [105] Bob Saget . Night Shyamalan [89] Kasi Lemmons [90] Roger Michell [84] George Lucas [18] Romulus Ledbetter Doyle Gipson Mace Windu [90] Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the [84] Clones [18] xXx [91] [84] 2002 Agent Augustus [18] Gibbons Elmo McElroy [91] Rob Cohen 2002 2003 2003 The 51st State (Formula 51) [92] Basic S. Childers John Shaft [8] [88] [89] [86] Thomas Carter William Friedkin John Singleton [86] [8] [87] [18] Executive producer Elijah Price M.2 [96] The Incredibles In My Country [97] Quentin Tarantino [96] Brad Bird [96] Lucius Best/Frozone Langston Whitfield Jack Johnson [99] [98] [97] [97] John Boorman [98] Voice [99] Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and [98] Fall of Jack Johnson [99] The N-Word [10] Coach Carter [18] xXx: State of the Union 2004 2005 2005 Himself Todd Williams [10] Thomas Carter Lee Tamahori Coach Ken Carter Agent Augustus [18] Gibbons Mace Windu [84] [10] [100] 2005 Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the [84] Sith [101] The Man [102] Freedomland Snakes on a Plane [18] [104] [105] [84] George Lucas [101] Les Mayfield [102] Joe Roth David R. Jackson filmography 1999 Mace Windu [84] [84] George Lucas [85] 15 Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom [84] Menace [85] Deep Blue Sea The Black And The White Rules of Engagement [8] Shaft [87] Unbreakable The Caveman's Valentine Changing Lanes [90] [89] [86] 1999 1999 2000 2000 2000 2001 2002 2002 Russell Franklin [85] Renny Harlin Wesley 'Wez' Willis Col.Samuel L. Terry L. Dan 'Hondo' [93] Harrelson [94] Jack Friar [94] [95] [93] Clark Johnson [94] Bob Rafelson Philip Kaufman [95] [18] Cameo Voice 2003 2004 2004 2004 2004 2004 No Good Deed [95] Twisted John Mills Rufus [18] [18] Kill Bill Vol.W.

Arnold Glassman Joseph (voice) Episode "Seven Days of Kwanzaa" . Lee Frank Miller [119] Voice only [120] Voice only. Emery [128] [128] [129] Todd McCarthy. uncredited Voice only [119] The Spirit Astro Boy Inglourious Basterds David Bowers Quentin Tarantino Harry Kloor Rodrigo García Gregor Jordan [121] Jon Favreau Adam McKay Harold Becker Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey Mother and Child Unthinkable Iron Man 2 [114] [122] [123] Direct-to-video The Other Guys Detective Highsmith John Dromoor Vengeance: A Love Story Television work Year 1978 1987 1989 1991 1992 1995 1997 1997 1997 1997 1999 2001 The Trial of the Moke Uncle Tom's Cabin Dead Man Out Law & Order Ghostwriter Shaquille O'Neal: Larger than Life [126] The Mayor (voice) [125] [124] George [37] Calvin Fredricks Taggert Reggie Jenkins Narrator [126] Episode "The Violence of Summer" Title Role Notes Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child Off the Menu: The Last Days of Chasen's Shari Springer Berman. Jackson filmography 2007 2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 [106] Black Snake Moan 1408 [108] Lazarus Woods Gerald Olin [107] [106] Craig Brewer [108] Mikael Håfström Rod Lurie [109] [110] [18] Also sang on the soundtrack 16 [108] [109] [109] Resurrecting the Champ [110] Cleaner [112] Jumper Iron Man [114] [7] Bob Satterfield Tom Cutler [111] [113] Renny Harlin Doug Liman Agent Roland Cox Nick Fury [114] [7] [112] [114] Uncredited cameo [7] Voice [115] Jon Favreau Dave Filoni [116] [117] Star Wars: The Clone Wars [117] Lakeview Terrace Soul Men [118] Mace Windu Abel Turner [117] Neil LaBute [118] Louis Hinds The Octopus Zog [114] Narrator Fear Paul H Nick Fury [114] [114] [119] [118] Malcolm D.Samuel L. Robert Pulcini The Directors: John Frankenheimer [37] Forever Hollywood The Proud Family [37] Episode "The Pied Piper" [127] Robert J.

Retrieved 2009-05-19.2933. 1999. Retrieved 2009-05-19.183299. Retrieved 2009-05-19. .00. [4] "Amos & Andrew" (http:/ / www. [9] Neal. Jackson" (http:/ / www. The Early Show. 1991). cbsnews. producer Author of self-help books Television special Video game Year 2004 2008 2010 Title Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas Afro Samurai Iron Man 2 [137] Role [136] Officer Frank Tenpenny Afro Samurai/Ninja Ninja Nick Fury Notes References [1] "Samuel L. [5] Campbell. Jackson filmography 2002 2002 2002 [37] Narrator Host [131] Gin Rummy Himself [132] Narrator [132] [37] 17 Fighting for Freedom: Revolution & Civil War The Art of Action: Martial Arts in the Movies [130] [130] Ed Bell [131] Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives 2005–2010 The Boondocks 2005 2006 2007 2007 2007 2009 2009 Extras Honor Deferred Afro Samurai Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story Stax 50th Anniversary Concert Afro Samurai: Resurrection Un-broke: What You Need to Know About Money [135] [133] Voice for five episodes Episode "Samuel L Jackson" Afro Samurai/Ninja Ninja Voice only. [11] Tyrangiel. May 16. Rome (Aug.285808. jhtml). com/ article/ 20080923/ ARTICLES/ 809230281/ 1005/ SPORTS?Title=Amos___Andrew_). [2] Boucher. Fox News. 24. html). com/ movies/ cl-et-lakeview19-2008sep19. Retrieved 2009-05-19. The Los Angeles Times. . cgi?file=/ chronicle/ archive/ 1999/ 05/ 16/ PK104036. . "On The ' S.7844646. Entertainment Weekly.8599. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1495515/ 01102005/ story.' Into the Limelight" (http:/ / www. Time. . San Francisco Chronicle. [6] "Samuel L. executive producer Narrator [133] [134] John Walker [135] David Leonard Afro Samurai/Ninja Ninja Voice only. html). Jackson Leaves His Prints in Hollywood" (http:/ / www. [12] Abele. Jackson Was 'Coach. 2009). ew. "Samuel L. story). MTV.W. com/ 1991/ 06/ 09/ movies/ up-and-coming-samuel-l-jackson-out-of-lee-s-jungle-into-the-limelight. 6. html). com/ articles/ yb/ 129972003). time. foxnews.' Both On-Camera And Off" (http:/ / www.. Linda (Aug 15. californiachronicle. . 2008). starnewsonline. DTL& type=movies). 2003). [3] Williams. The New York Times. "UP AND COMING. Retrieved 2009-05-19. . Jackson is animated about 'Afro Samurai: Resurrection'" (http:/ / articles. September 23. .1186739. html). Geoff (January 24. [7] Barnard. com/ story/ 0. "Samuel L. sfgate. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Jennifer (Jan 10 2005). "Take No Prisoners" (http:/ / www. latimes. . 2008).00.Samuel L. com/ stories/ 2003/ 08/ 05/ earlyshow/ leisure/ celebspot/ main566793.0.A. 2006). Retrieved 2009-05-19. mtv. Lena (June 9. Retrieved 2009-05-19. com/ time/ nation/ article/ 0. Los Angeles Times. "'Star Wars: The Clone Wars' a clunky effort" (http:/ / www. . Jackson menaces neighbors in 'Lakeview Terrace'" (http:/ / www. "Samuel L. Caren Weiner. .' Team" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-05-19. nytimes. com/ cgi-bin/ article. 2008. Star News Online. com/ comment/ columnists/ article/ 478875). Jackson Earns a Lightsaber" (http:/ / www. May 17. . Robert (September 19. January 31.00. Retrieved 2009-05-19. calendarlive. Jackson: Out of Lee's 'Jungle. Retrieved 2009-05-19. com/ 2009/ jan/ 24/ entertainment/ et-afrosamurai24).T. [10] Vineyard. . [8] "Films of the Week" (http:/ / www. California Chronicle. thestar. Retrieved 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 2009. "Snakes on Samuel L. shtml). . 2006. Samuel L. Josh (Apr. Toronto Star.

E! Online. The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-20. The New York Times. com/ people/ bc/ 2000/ 10/ 03/ caine/ print. com/ movie/ 40107/ Ragtime/ awards). nytimes. + Jackson. Retrieved 2009-05-19. [41] James. "The definition of cool? Samuel L. parade. . . [14] "Samuel L. Jackson" (http:/ / www. . "Mo' Better Blues (1990)" (http:/ / movies. Retrieved 2009-05-21. Aug 18. Jackson)" (http:/ / www. [34] Hamann. com/ movies/ person/ 30855/ filmography. com/ profiles/ people/ AwardsByCategory/ Best Supporting Actor/ BAFTA Award/ 28479/ Samuel+ L. Retrieved 2009-05-21. The New York Times. The New York Times. Stephen (Nov. Janet. nytimes. com/ gleaner/ 20060326/ arts/ arts1. Caryn. [30] Rader. London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-05-21. variety. uk/ media/ 1999/ nov/ 01/ tvandradio. 2008). biography. goldenglobes. "Work experience – the stars before they were famous" (http:/ / www. org/ browse/ year/ 1997). . Jackson: ‘I’m fine with snakes’" (http:/ / www. BlackVoices. 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nytimes. com/ article/ VR1118008995. Craig (September 9. . com/ 2006/ 12/ 15/ movies/ 15brav. com/ 2005/ 08/ 22/ casting-call-for-craig-brewers-black-moan-snake-at-the-pyramid/ ). 2007). . foxnews. amctv. MSN Movies. Nathan. "Rod Lurie makes a comeback with Resurrecting the Champ" (http:/ / www.FilmIronMan2. Retrieved 2009-06-04. [114] Ajirire. com/ movie/ 275541/ The-Trial-of-the-Moke/ overview?scp=1& sq=the moke trial& st=cse). . . [120] "The war is on" (http:/ / www. . "Movie review: Soul Men--3 out of 5 stars" (http:/ / www. "Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008)" (http:/ / movies. freep. + Jackson+ drama+ to+ be+ shot+ in+ Michigan). com/ 2008-09-18/ film/ lakeview-terrace-samuel-l-jackson-and-patrick-wilson-suffer-from-racial-tension-in-the-latest-from-nell-labute/ ). com/ story/ ?id=199586). Mike. . . "Snakes Director Cleared for Takeoff" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ Frank-Miller-interview-It39s-no. [110] Hale. Retrieved 2009-06-04. com/ movie/ 154835/ Off-the-Menu-The-Last-Days-of-Chasen-s/ overview?scp=1& sq=on the menu& st=cse). New York Times. nytimes. com/ entertainment/ movies/ orl-movier-review-soul-men. "Striking While Iron Man is Hot" (http:/ / www. 2007). "I pray everyday but don't go to church on Sundays" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "Lakeview Terrace: Samuel L. . Retrieved 2009-06-04. Phoenix New Times. [106] Macdonald. aspx?id=920483). The Washington Post. com/ movie/ 174419/ Shaquille-ONeal-Larger-than-Life/ details). Retrieved 2009-06-04. 2008. nytimes. May 30. Retrieved 2009-06-04. [128] "The Directors: John Frankenheimer:Synopsis" (http:/ / movies. . "Creative urge drives Hustle director and his old-school anti-hero" (http:/ / seattletimes. orlandosentinel. html). Retrieved 2009-06-04. 2005. thetimes. 2009. html). Entertainment Weekly. Chicago Daily Herald. "Levy.0. jp). Scott (September 16. 2009). Roger (November 5. html). [121] "Downey. The Washington Post. Aljean. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "Frank Miller interview: It's no sin" (http:/ / thescotsman. New York Times. .. Retrieved 2009-06-04. [117] Foundas. com/ article/ 20090423/ ENT01/ 90423061/ Samuel+ L. com/ cgi-bin/ article.00. "Cleaner (2007)" (http:/ / movies. aspx?TabID=4082& Alias=wzo& cob=337997). sunnewsonline. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2007/ 08/ 19/ PKQERFE79. Orlando Sentinel. [113] "Win a pair of English Cinema Tickets!" (http:/ / www. com/ film/ news/ 1021/ jackson-narrates-farce-of-the-penguins. nytimes. [122] Michael Fleming (2009-09-22). [116] Lee. AMC. Michael. August 22. Retrieved 2009-06-04. The Scotsman. Retrieved 2009-06-04. [118] Moore. The Seattle Times. Stephen (22 December 2008). Retrieved 2009-05-21. "Off the Menu: The Last Days of Chasen's (1997)" (http:/ / movies. 2005). . [125] O'Connor. "Creepy 1408: It's Worth Checking Into" (http:/ / www. Jan (August 18. . [109] Hart. "Freedomland--takes on too much" (http:/ / www. . The New York Times. . Retrieved 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-06-04. Wiener Zeitung. 2006). phoenixnewtimes. htm). za/ Entertainment/ Article. com/ movie/ 379072/ Cleaner/ overview?scp=5& sq=cleaner& st=cse). Retrieved 2009-06-04. . wienerzeitung. 2008. October 29. msn. Retrieved 2009-06-04. Memphis Rap. . [104] Stephen. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-06-04. Jackson and Patrick Wilson suffer from racial tension in the latest from Neil LaBute" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-10-08. New York Times. Adam B. nytimes. html?fta=y). . Holden (December 15. . Lawrence. Retrieved 2009-06-04. com/ movie/ 184625/ Forever-Hollywood/ overview?scp=1& sq=forever hollywood& st=cse). "Home of the Brave (2006)" (http:/ / movies. com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2007/ 06/ 21/ AR2007062102344. . timeout. story). . Jackson film to be shot in Michigan" (http:/ / www. [103] Chaney. . Time Out. [111] "New on DVD" (http:/ / www. "'Jumper' (starring Hayden Christensen and Samuel L. com/ story/ 47673). html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). John J. [126] "Shaquille O'Neal: Larger than Life" (http:/ / movies. com/ gleaner/ 20060407/ ent/ ent4. Tanya (April 7. Daily Sun. 21 . "Forever Hollywood (1999)" (http:/ / movies. 2008). [115] Vary. [107] "Casting Call For Craig Brewer’s Black Moan Snake at The Pyramid" (http:/ / www. ew.. 2006). com/ movie/ 452685/ Star-Wars-The-Clone-Wars/ overview?scp=1& sq=clone wars& st=cse). Clark Collis (May 09. Hugh (August 19. Julie (APRIL 23. Avengers" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "Columbia gets its 'Guys'" (http:/ / www. memphisrap. html). 2008). Jan 24. [124] "The Trial of the Moke (1978)" (http:/ / movies. Retrieved 2009-06-04. com/ wp-dyn/ content/ article/ 2006/ 08/ 17/ AR2006081700340.Samuel L. Jackson) – 1 1/2 stars" (http:/ / www. "Samuel L. nytimes. [129] Harmetz. Retrieved 2009-06-04. nwsource.4670. Hartford Courant (from Chicago Tribune). jamaica-gleaner. html). . DTL). New York Times. New York Times. 2005). [119] Applebaum. Retrieved 2009-06-04. at/ DesktopDefault. 4812742. Desson (June 22.7072698. Moira (July 27. nytimes. Jamaica Gleaner. com/ movies/ movie-synopsis/ the-directors-john-frankenheimer/ ). . 2008). Favreau reteam on Iron Man 2. [102] Batson-Savage. com/ show/ 45248/ Dead-Man-Out/ overview). [105] "Jackson narrates Farce of the Penguins" (http:/ / www. story). com/ entertainment/ movies/ chi-14-jumper-review. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "Dead Man Out" (http:/ / tv. dailyherald. variety. . Retrieved 2009-06-04. Mar 24 2006. co. scotsman. [108] Thomson. com/ wires/ 2008Oct29/ 0. eastvalleytribune. washingtonpost. com/ webpages/ features/ blockbuster/ 2009/ jan/ 31/ blockbuster-31-01-2009-003. Retrieved 2009-06-04. [123] Hinds. The Times. Retrieved 2009-06-04.00. . Tosin (editor) (January 31. [127] Van Gelder. Detroit Free Press. html).. 2006). html). Jackson filmography [101] Outhier. Jackson can’t save emasculated The Man" (http:/ / www. East Valley Tribune. . washingtonpost. . . Retrieved 2009-06-04. courant. Variety. 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sega. . [134] Bellafante. James Woods lead San Andreas' all-star cast (http:/ / uk. [132] "History Channel honors black WWII soldier" (http:/ / www. com/ docs/ programs/ unchained_memories/ ). com/ dr/ this-and-that/ 2006/ 2/ 8/ 10163/ History-Channel-honors-black-WWII-soldiers). Sega. com/ news/ ?n=4018). Retrieved 2009-06-04. hbo. com/ movies/ movie/ stax-50th-anniversary-concert/ ). HBO. Arts. Martial. 2002). . Retrieved 2009-06-04.Samuel L. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 22 . In. [133] "Watch This: Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story" (http:/ / www. . The.com. com/ media/ storage/ paper980/ news/ 2003/ 01/ 29/ AedvdBriefs/ The-Art. com/ news/ 6111344. Retrieved 2009-06-04. "The Art of Action: Martial Arts in the Movies" (http:/ / media. Retrieved 2010-05-08. Mack (January 29. 2007). gamespot. MSN Movies. Seattle Post Intelligencer. uwmleader. [131] "Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives" (http:/ / www. "Cutting a Tumultuous Era’s Soul Soundtrack" (http:/ / www. nytimes. 8 February 2006. html?scp=1& sq=Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story& st=cse). seattlepi. Jackson. shtml). Gina (August 1. www. Jackson filmography [130] Bates. . 2007. Dominican Today. com/ movies/ 333960_staydvd03. [136] Samuel L. Retrieved 2009-06-04. . Of. The Leader. html). msn. New York Times. com/ 2007/ 08/ 01/ arts/ television/ 01resp. [135] "Stax 50th Anniversary Concert:Overview" (http:/ / movies. October 2. dominicantoday. . html) [137] "Iron Man 2: The Video Game Gets Talented" (http:/ / www. . Movies-1985839. Retrieved 2009-06-04. Action.

Jackson Dwayne Johnson Steve Coogan Michael Keaton Jon Brion Written by Narrated by Starring Music by Cinematography Oliver Wood Editing by Studio Brent White Gary Sanchez Productions Mosaic Media Group Columbia Pictures August 6.''The Other Guys'' 23 The Other Guys The Other Guys Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Adam McKay Adam McKay Will Ferrell Jimmy Miller Patrick Crowley Chris Henchy Adam McKay Ice-T Will Ferrell Mark Wahlberg Eva Mendes Samuel L. 2010 107 minutes United States English $100 million [1] Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget .

though refusing to admit that he was a pimp as Terry correctly points out. and Captain Gene Mauch (Michael Keaton) leaves him with a wooden practice gun as punishment. Their investigation comes to a halt when Ershon's attorney learns of his plan to cover his losses. Meanwhile. groups of Chechen and Nigerian investors Ershon owes money to. Mauch finally arrives with police backup. who are considered the city's best policemen even though they frequently cause millions of dollars in property damage catching criminals. and Step Brothers (2008). following Anchorman (2004). evading Wesley's team." The two were mourned by the police force as heroes despite their odd deaths. Dim-witted detective Terry Hoitz (Mark Wahlberg) has been stuck with Allen as his partner ever since he shot Derek Jeter during the World Series. ready to be transferred to Lendl's account. who walked out on him due to his reckless behavior. and Ershon tells them that the money for the pension fund is already in his account. Allen still tries to solve the crime on his own. namely detectives Martin (Rob Riggle) and Fosse (Damon Wayans. Mauch splits up Allen and Terry. When his life spiraled out of control. he finally gets credible evidence and earns his gun back. and police officers who are told Allen and Terry have gone rogue. Allen and Terry begin to investigate a scaffolding permit violation by multi-billionaire David Ershon (Steve Coogan). they drive to the bank to stop the transfer. but got pushed over to August 6.''The Other Guys'' Gross revenue $168. Allen confides in Terry about his college life running a dating service. Terry tries and fails to reconnect with his ex-fiance Francine (Lindsay Sloane). They go to an investment meeting Ershon is having and realize that the $32 billion Ershon seeks. Samuel L. Eva Mendes. and Martin and Fosse are in line to fill their shoes. and he allows them to finish the case off-the-books. Danson and Highsmith die when they jump off a 20-story building to continue pursuit. Michael Keaton. and to make sure no one stops him from doing so. having settled into traffic.740.[4] [5] [6] This film is the fourth collaboration between Ferrell and McKay. Jr. Jackson). Allen and Hoitz receive no respect from the other officers. starring Will Ferrell and Mark Wahlberg. and is baffled by and infatuated with his beautiful wife Sheila (Eva Mendes). They reach the bank and halt the transfer. leading Wesley to kill him and make it look like a suicide.). Plot Nerdy detective Allen Gamble (Will Ferrell) is a forensic accountant who is more interested in paperwork than hitting the streets. choice of music. causing Allen's old dark personality to re-emerge. Steve Coogan.[3] The film was originally scheduled to be released on March 31. 2010. However. Allen then convinces Terry to rejoin him. when having dinner one night with Sheila. Jackson. who admits he's been holding off on the case because Ershon has high-profile connections. During their investigation. but wind up uncovering a much bigger plot by Ershon to cover his losses to his client Lendl Global. They go to Mauch. and he promised himself and Sheila that he would never get out of control again. even though Terry thinks it is a dead end. and featuring Dwayne Johnson. he was sent to the hospital where he met Sheila. she tells Allen that she's pregnant. and Ray Stevenson.373 [2] 24 The Other Guys is a 2010 comedy film directed and co-written by Adam McKay. Terry detests Allen's extreme cautiousness. creating a roadblock for Allen and Terry. Talladega Nights (2006). They both idolize detectives Danson (Dwayne Johnson) and Highsmith (Samuel L. In the morning. Allen and Terry make amends with their respective significant others the night before. and she kicks him out of the house. is really coming from the New York Police retirement fund. but Wesley arrives and shoots both officers. 2010. who trick Allen into firing his gun in the office (a "desk pop"). sending Terry to traffic and Allen to patrol. They escape with Ershon to his private apartment. After learning that the jewelry robbery that Danson and Highsmith died over was staged so that Wesley and his team could break into Lendl's accounting firm next door to alter their records. after agreeing to "aim for the bushes. initially believed to be coming from the New York Lottery Office. Lendl CEO Pamela Boardman (Anne Heche) hires a team of mercenaries led by Roger Wesley (Ray Stevenson) to make sure Ershon pays her back. During a pursuit of a group of jewelry robbers. .

Sheila Ramos Gamble Dwayne Johnson as Detective Christopher Danson Samuel L. "Waterfalls" "No Scrubs"." as Terry and Allen drive off. Louis Radford (uncredited) Ice-T as Narrator (uncredited) Anne Heche as Pamela Boardman (uncredited) Chris Gethard as Clerk Edward O'Dowd as Fast Food Manager (uncredited) Production Principal photography for the film began on September 23. 2009 in New York City. Ershon's arrest leads to a stock market crash and the subsequent federal bailout of Lendl. as Detective Fosse Michael Delaney as Bob Littleford Zach Woods as Douglas Lindsay Sloane as Francine Rob Huebel as Officer Watts Natalie Zea as Christinith Brett Gelman as Hal Bobby Cannavale as Jimmy Andy Buckley as Don Beaman Adam McKay as Dirty Mike Oliver Wood as Captain Salty Brooke Shields as Herself (Cameo) Rosie Perez as Herself (Cameo) Derek Jeter as Himself (Cameo) and Bum in Nathan's Tracy Morgan as Himself (uncredited) Josef Sommer as D.A. Captain Gene Mauch (Michael Keaton) frequency quotes lyrics from TLC songs. "Creep".''The Other Guys'' rescuing the two and arresting Ershon and Wesley. New York. although he is still infatuated with Sheila. and "Ain't 2 Proud 2 Beg" when talking to Detective Allen Gamble (Will Ferrell) and Detective Terry Hoitz (Mark Wahlberg) although Mauch appears not to know who TLC is whenever someone brings up the fact he is quoting from the band. Allen and Terry believe that the true heroes are the ones who make the world a better place. "I'm a peacock. The film ends with a peacock flying by the screen in reference to Terry's remark. not the ones who appear in the newspaper or on TV. you gotta let me fly. 25 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Will Ferrell as Detective Allen Gamble Mark Wahlberg as Detective Terry Hoitz Eva Mendes as Dr. Wesley is charged with the murder of Ershon's attorney. Jackson as Detective PK Highsmith Michael Keaton as Captain Gene Mauch Steve Coogan as Sir David Ershon Ray Stevenson as Roger Wesley Rob Riggle as Detective Evan Martin Damon Wayans. Jr.[7] filmed in Albany. . [8] with additional scenes A running joke throughout the film. Terry gets married to Francine.

com/ movies/ 2010/ OTHRG. comparing the film to the critically panned Cop Out. 2010."[10] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone praised the film.net. . "Rolling Stone Review" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. reelzchannel. Ferrell and Wahlberg also made a short appearance on an episode of WWE Monday Night Raw to promote the film. They also appeared in on screen advertising on broadcast sports events like MLB and NASCAR. placing it at number one for the weekend of August 6-8. Rotten Tomatoes. the-numbers.. "Measured against this year’s other police farce -. Sonypictures. com/ movies/ reviews/ 17388/ 188631). . "Note to Kevin Smith: THIS is how you do a spoof of the buddy-cop genre. ."[11] Some critics praised The Other Guys as the best police film of the year.com. 2010. or 7/10 rating on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. . 2010. rottentomatoes. htm). Reception Box office performance In its first night of release. Retrieved June 10." the consensus being "While not the best collaboration between Will Ferrell and Adam Mckay. Retrieved June 10. [5] "Yahoo. The Other Guys delivers bursts of comedy during a summer devoid of laughs. rollingstone. the house guests competed in a luxury challenge to see an advance screening of the film. sonypictures. com/ movies/ ?id=ferrellwahlberg2010. com/ movie/ 278630/ the-other-guys/ cast). during the August 4. . It had a large opening weekend take of $35. the week's contestants saw an advance screening of the film and got to meet both Will Ferrell and Mark Wahlberg in person. Box Office Mojo. ComingSoon. [8] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / current. Internet Movie Database. garnering an 77% "Certified Fresh" rating. The Other Guys made $13 million. 2010. with The Other Guys being one of them. "Don't let anyone spoil the wildly hilarious surprises. php [3] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / www. and a 77% rating among the site's "Top Critics. special segments were shown during the commercial breaks of the show's cast broken down on a highway. as part of a promotional tie-in. Current. yahoo.com Movie Page for the Other Guys" (http:/ / movies. Retrieved June 10. php?id=59408). Guaranteed. com/ m/ other_guys). Although they weren't actually in the house. [2] http:/ / www. with Richard Roeper stating.com. [6] "Worldwide release dates from the Official site" (http:/ / www. During the week leading up to the release date. Retrieved 2010-09-26. During the Season 2 premier for the MTV reality series Jersey Shore on July 29. both Will Ferrell and Mark Wahlberg made an on-screen video appearance. comingsoon. 2010 episode of America's Got Talent. com/ entertainment/ movies/ 91004830_filming-locations-for-september-23. . net/ news/ movienews."[13] References [1] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / www. theotherguys-movie. Retrieved 2010-09-26. net/ movies/ theotherguys/ international/ ). com/ ). the film was promoted on TruTV programs. htm). . Theotherguys-movie. Also. The film displaced Inception from the number one spot. Movies. .[9] Critical reception The Other Guys has received generally positive reviews from critics.remember Cop Out? -..com. [11] by:  Peter Travers (2010-08-04). discussing several movies."[12] and Stephen Whitty of The Star-Ledger said in his mixed review. placing first for the night.. specifically The Smoking Gun Presents: World's Dumbest.''The Other Guys'' 26 Promotion During an episode of Big Brother. . Retrieved 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2010-09-26.yahoo. Rollingstone. [7] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / www.600. [9] Box Office Mojo [10] "The Other Guys" (http:/ / www.000. com/ movie/ 1810116447/ details).it looks absolutely heroic. 2010. saying. Ferrell and Wahlberg will double your fun. . Retrieved 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2010-08-07. [4] "The Other Guys Official Website" (http:/ / www. ReelzChannel. 2010-08-06.

theotherguys-movie.com) Official Other Guys Facebook Page (http://www. ssf/ 2010/ 08/ the_other_guys_movie_review_just_silly_enough.allmovie.com/title/tt1386588/) at the Internet Movie Database The Other Guys (http://www. richardroeper.imdb. .com.com/m/other_guys/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Other Guys (http://www. Features and News (http://www.com/index. Retrieved 2010-09-26.The Arts Desk . html).metacritic. Richardroeper. com/ reviews/ default.com/work/481949) at Allmovie The Other Guys (http://www. "The Other Guys Review" (http:/ / www.htm) at Box Office Mojo The Other Guys .com.rottentomatoes.''The Other Guys'' [12] "Richard Roeper Review" (http:/ / www. Nj.com/movies/?id=ferrellwahlberg2010. Retrieved 2010-09-26.com/otherguysmovie/) The Other Guys (http://www.Arts Reviews.com/film/titles/otherguys) at Metacritic The Other Guys (http://www. nj. . aspx).theartsdesk.boxofficemojo. com/ entertainment/ movies/ index. [13] Macall Polay (2010-08-06).facebook. php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=2225:film-the-other-guys&Itemid=27) Iron Man 2 Iron Man 2 Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Jon Favreau • • Kevin Feige [1] Susan Downey Screenplay by Based on Justin Theroux • • • • • Iron Man by Stan Lee Larry Lieber Don Heck Jack Kirby . 27 External links • • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.

Growing increasingly despondent and reckless due to his impending death. Iron Man 2 premiered in Los Angeles. 2010 (France) May 7. sees this and begins building a similar weapon. Six months later. creating new challenges for Stark.) revealing his identity as Iron Man to the world. Plot Russian television shows Stark Industries CEO Tony Stark (Robert Downey Jr. has just died. 2010 and in Paris. on April 26. claiming that foreign nations and business competitors are decades away from successfully recreating his achievements. 2010. Gwyneth Paltrow Don Cheadle Scarlett Johansson Mickey Rourke John Debney [2] Tom Morello (Additional) Music by Cinematography Matthew Libatique Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by • • Dan Lebental Richard Pearson Marvel Studios Paramount Pictures April 28. It was released throughout the United States on May 7. and he has failed to find a substitute.. Directed by Jon Favreau. produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures. and that the armor is in fact his own property. the film stars Robert Downey Jr. 2010 (United States) 125 minutes [3] United States English $170-200 million $621.''Iron Man 2'' Starring • • • • • • • 28 Robert Downey Jr. it takes place six months after Iron Man. He re-institutes the Stark Expo in Flushing Meadows to continue his father Howard's legacy. California. 2010. Stark refuses.988 Iron Man Iron Man 3 [4] [5] [6] [5] [6] Iron Man 2 is a 2010 American superhero film featuring the Marvel Comics character Iron Man. It is the sequel to 2008's Iron Man. and .751. France on April 28. In cinematic canon. The palladium core in the arc reactor that keeps Stark alive and powers the armor is slowly poisoning him. Senator Stern (Garry Shandling) demands that Stark turn over the Iron Man technology to the government. who reprises his role as Tony Stark. and directly before The Incredible Hulk. Anton Vanko (Yevgeni Lazarev). Ivan Vanko (Mickey Rourke). the second film in a planned trilogy[7] and is a part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Ivan Vanko has duplicated the technology and built weapons of his own. Stark has used his Iron Man armor to help maintain world peace.[8] Stark has revealed his identity as Iron Man and is resisting calls by the United States government to hand over the technology. whose father.

Stark appoints his personal assistant Pepper Potts (Gwyneth Paltrow) CEO of Stark Industries. • Gwyneth Paltrow as Virginia "Pepper" Potts: Stark's closest friend. • Scarlett Johansson as Natalie Rushman / Natasha Romanoff: She works in the legal department of Stark Industries and is highly qualified. Neither can match Vanko. approaches Stark. explaining Vanko's desire for revenge on the Stark family. to intervene.E. • Mickey Rourke as Ivan Vanko:[10] A physicist and ex-convict who builds his own arc reactor-based weapon to exact vengeance on the Stark family. using an arc reactor of his own powering whip-like energy weapons.I. Stark synthesizes it. Hammer is arrested while Stark's bodyguard Happy Hogan (Jon Favreau) and Romanoff attempt to capture Vanko. He is an amalgamation of Iron Man villains Whiplash and Crimson Dynamo. In a post-credits scene.L. Stark saves Potts from the exploding drones' remains. escaped with a suit of armor he created and now uses an upgraded version to make the world a better place. and replaces her with Stark employee Natalie Rushman (Scarlett Johansson).D.A.D.L. At the Expo. Rival defense contractor Justin Hammer (Sam Rockwell) fakes Vanko's death and recruits him to perfect a line of armored combat suits to upstage Stark. very powerful suit of armor.E.I.D. now in a new.I. causing a large explosion. apparently killing himself in the process.V. Jackson).H. forcing his friend. revealing Rushman as undercover agent Natasha Romanoff and that Howard Stark was a S. (voiced by Paul Bettany). Potts quits as CEO. Hammer unveils Vanko's armored drones. Nick Fury (Samuel L.E.[11] • Sam Rockwell as Justin Hammer: a rival weapons manufacturer. but Vanko is ultimately defeated when they fire repulsor rays at each other. but Romanoff returns control of the Mark II armor to Rhodes. With his suit too damaged to continue the fight Vanko ignites his suit and his drones' self-destruct mechanisms. Vanko reveals to Stark that he is still alive and seeking revenge so Stark uses the untested element.I. removing his dependency on the palladium. director of S. With the aid of his computer J. Stark agrees to be a consultant if Senator Stern presents himself and Rhodes with their medals for bravery.R. He learns that Vanko is the son of his father's old partner. .D. Vanko attacks Stark while racing at the Circuit de Monaco.''Iron Man 2'' choosing not to tell anyone about his condition. Stark defeats Vanko with the aid of his portable briefcase armor.H. and business partner as Pepper is promoted to CEO of Stark Industries. he himself is not. but was deported to his native Soviet Union following his attempts to profit from the technology and died in poverty. posing as Stark's assistant. Anton Vanko. Jackson as Nick Fury: Director of S.H. Colonel James "Rhodey" Rhodes: Cheadle replaces Terrence Howard from the first film. 29 Cast • Robert Downey Jr. after being held captive.S. Agent Coulson (Clark Gregg) reports the discovery of a large hammer in the desert.I. a hidden message in the diorama of the 1974 Stark Expo proves to be a diagram of the structure of a new element.E. speaking multiple languages including Latin and Russian. but Vanko seizes control of both the drones and Rhodes' armor and attacks Iron Man..L. At a debriefing. • Samuel L. led by Rhodes in a heavily weaponized version of the Mark II armor. Fury informs Stark that while Iron Man is a suitable candidate for the "Avengers Initiative". [9] • Don Cheadle as Lt.I. but she and Stark kiss. founder that Fury knew personally. Air Force Lieutenant Colonel James Rhodes (Don Cheadle). Anton collaborated with Howard on the first arc reactor. Fury gives him some of his father's old material. Rhodes dons Stark's Mark II armor and after battling him.L.H. After defeating his drones Stark and Rhodes confront Vanko himself. An undercover spy for S. budding love interest. He escapes. as Tony Stark / Iron Man: The billionaire who. delivers the armor to the military.H. S. Stark arrives in his new armor to warn Rhodes.L.D. At what he believes is his last birthday party Stark gets drunk while using the Iron Man armor.E. while news footage of the Hulk's rampage plays.

I. Robert Oppenheimer. Robert Downey Jr. John Slattery appears as Howard Stark.[26] Filming primarily took place at Raleigh Studios in Manhattan Beach. Downey revealed that while the film was not an adaptation of the '"Demon in a boyfriend.[16] Leslie Bibb also reprises her role as reporter Christine Everhart.[24] Favreau concurred. Stane became the main villain in Iron Man.k.L.[26] During development. will continue to have a major role.S. and suggested to Favreau and Downey that they model Stark on J. But you can't have what happened in Return of the Jedi happen in A New Hope. After a meeting between Favreau and various comic book writers.H. He also mentioned that S. Agent Phil Coulson from the first film."[25] Jon Favreau meeting with members of the U. 30 Production Development Jon Favreau said it was originally his intent to create a film trilogy for Iron Man.a DJ AM) makes an appearance as himself and the film is dedicated in his memory.[20] Stan Lee appears as Larry King.[9] Pre-production Justin Theroux signed to write the script in July 2008.H. deciding.[8] Further cameos include CEO of Tesla Motors Elon Musk and CEO of Oracle Larry Ellison.''Iron Man 2'' Jon Favreau reprises his role as Happy Hogan. California. You just can't do it. Millar argued the Mandarin. while promoting the first film. but Darth Vader is the guy you want to see fight.[26] Downey said. The late Adam Goldstein (a. whom Favreau originally intended to be the main villain. the effects of revealing he is Iron Man. praised Munn for her improvisation skills and led the crew in a round of applause. news anchor Christiane Amanpour[22] and political commentator Bill O'Reilly[23] play themselves in newscasts within the film.[18] a reporter covering the Stark expo.[30] Shane Black gave some advice on the script. JARVIS. and Downey recommended him to Marvel.[14] Paul Bettany again voices Stark's computer. as well as Pepper getting a [27] Before filming began. Bottle" storyline from the comic book series.D.[19] Six-year-old Davin Ransom portrays Tony Stark as a child. it was more about the "interim space" between the origin and the "Demon" story arc. Munn originally filmed scenes that were later cut from the film but was asked back to film a different role.[28] Theroux co-wrote Tropic Thunder. Tony's father.E.[17] Olivia Munn appears as Chess Roberts. Air Force while filming at Edwards Air Force Base Favreau discussed in interviews how the films' version of Iron Man's comic book nemesis the Mandarin "allows us to incorporate the whole pantheon of villains".E. Favreau said the film would explore Stark's alcoholism.[21] Additionally.I.[29] Genndy Tartakovsky storyboarded the film.[27] Adi Granov returned to supervise the designs for Iron Man's armor.[13] Garry Shandling appears as United States Senator Stern. that Stark would probably develop a drinking problem as he is unable to cope with his age. including Mark Millar. who became depressed with being "the destroyer of worlds" after working on the Manhattan Project.D.[7] with Obadiah Stane (Jeff Bridges) becoming Iron Monger during the sequels. which is based on a story written by Jon Favreau and Robert Downey Jr. "I look at Mandarin more like how in Star Wars you had the Emperor. Then you work your way to the time when lightning bolts are shooting out of the fingers and all that stuff could happen.[31] .[12] Tony Stark's bodyguard and chauffeur. but it would not be "the 'Demon in a Bottle' version". was too fantastical.L.[15] Clark Gregg reprises his role as S. who wants Stark to give Iron Man's armor to the government.

[36] Downey offered Rourke the part during a roundtable discussion with David Ansen at the 2009 Golden Globes. The character is an amalgamation of Iron Man villains Blacklash (originally known as Whiplash) and the Crimson Dynamo. Jon Favreau called and was like.[35] Cheadle said he thought Iron Man was a robot before the first film came out.[39] Rourke suggested the addition of tattoos. but he's got a little bit of an edge". often re-shooting and cutting his scenes.[47] Filming also took place at Edwards Air Force Base. The publication stated they were unsure whether Howard's representatives left the project first or if Marvel chose to stop negotiating. Howard said.' Marvel and Jon had to add another character from the Marvel universe to keep me included".[11] [41] Sam Rockwell was considered for the role of Tony Stark in the first film.. a previous commitment to Gulliver's Travels forced Emily [45] Blunt to drop out of the part.[11] Mickey Rourke was cast as Ivan Vanko.''Iron Man 2'' 31 Casting Don Cheadle was cast as Rhodes replacing Terrence Howard from the first film. Jackson initially balked at the salary Marvel offered and was unsure about reprising the part of Fury until reaching a deal that would entail his appearance in up to nine films as the character. a physicist and ex-convict who builds his own arc reactor-based weapon to exact vengeance on the Stark family..[40] Rourke explained he didn't want to play a "one-dimensional bad guy" and wanted to challenge the audience to see something redeemable in him. whereas in the film he is closer to Stark's age. Promises aren't kept. and Rourke met with Favreau and Theroux to discuss his character's role. gold teeth and a fondness for a pet cockatoo.[29] Cheadle only had a few hours to accept the role and did not even know what storyline Rhodes would undergo. apparently the contracts that we write and sign aren't worth the paper that they're printed on sometimes.[9] at the Pasadena Masonic Temple. 'I've got good news and bad news: This is what's happening in editing but we all really like you. My parts were lighthearted and comedic. The fake working title was Rasputin.[44] Scarlett Johansson was cast as Natalie Rushman / Natasha Romanoff after a scheduling conflict. they just gave me another role in the film. the original Crimson Dynamo in the comics.[42] He had never heard of the character before he was contacted about the part."[32] Entertainment Weekly stated Favreau did not enjoy working with Howard. and is the son of impoverished Soviet physicist Anton Vanko.[48] Actress Olivia Munn said she had been given a different part than originally and that reshoots involving her scenes had taken place: "Actually.000.[46] Filming Principal photography began April 6. so the studio chose to increase the deal.[34] He commented he is a comic book fan. Howard's publicist said he had a good experience playing the part. As Favreau and Theroux chose to minimize the role. while Marvel chose not to comment.[37] Rourke researched for the part by visiting Butyrka prison. Rourke almost dropped out of the role due to Marvel's initial salary offer of $250. but had not previously participated in comics-themed films due to the lack of black superheroes.[49] A post-credits scene depicting the discovery of a large hammer was filmed on the set of Thor. and was unaware Hammer is an old man in the comics.[8] Jon Favreau revealed that the scene was filmed with anamorphic lenses to match Thor.. Not knowing anything about computers himself Rourke described pretending to be tech-savvy as the hardest part of the role. and good faith negotiations aren't always held up. "There was no explanation. 2009. I had to re-shoot all of my scenes.[38] He suggested half of the character's dialogue be in Russian. Samuel L. and some of it will be reused in the film.[8] .[33] Theroux denied the part of the report stating "the role of War Machine was scaled back and then beefed up". paying for the teeth and bird out of his own money.[43] Rockwell says his character is "plucky comic relief. Marvel came to Howard to discuss lowering his salary – Howard was the first actor hired in Iron Man and earned the largest salary of the cast. as they started to edit they realized it was becoming darker than what they'd expected and what my scenes had allowed for. and he accepted the role of Hammer without reading the script.

behind-the-scenes footage. Visual effects and computer interfaces by Perception. The filmmakers did ship one Rolls-Royce Phantom there. the special edition contains a 15-track CD. Tanner Foust took on the role of driving Stark's racing car. The Clash. They created the backdrops for the Stark Expo as well as the computer screen interfaces such as the touch-screen coffee table. including gadgets such as Tony Stark's transparent LG smartphone.[54] Score John Debney composed the musical score for Iron Man 2 along with Tom Morello. and the deluxe also includes a reproduction of one of Iron Man's first comic book appearances. The basic edition includes solely the CD. after permission to film prior to the 2009 Monaco Grand Prix was initially awarded but later retracted by Bernie Ecclestone. 2010. Only 2 songs on the soundtrack actually appear in the movie. "Making Pepper CEO" – 1:08 . and holographic lab environment.[53] There are at least three different versions: basic. "Ivan's Metamorphosis" – 5:47 2. and Beastie Boys. 2Pac. a 32-page booklet. featuring 25 songs. special. Daft Punk.[50] [51] [52] Music Soundtrack An Iron Man 2 soundtrack album featuring AC/DC was released by Columbia Records on April 19. and deluxe.''Iron Man 2'' 32 Effects The Historic Grand Prix of Monaco action sequence had to be shot in the parking lot of Downey Studios. and a DVD featuring interviews. 2010 Columbia Records 1. and music videos. Stark's Grand Prix racer was partially based on a 1978 Walter Wolf race car powered by a Chevrolet small-block engine. The CD was released on July 20. Queen. Although not included on the soundtrack album the film includes songs by The Average White Band. and filmed a track sequence in which race cars were later digitally added. "House Fight V1" – 5:47 3. Iron Man 2 (Original Motion Picture Score) Film score (Compact Disc/Digital download) by John Debney Released Label July 20.

"Make Way for Tomorrow – Expo Version" – 0:53 6. and Ultimo (depicted as man named Kearson DeWitt in a large armor) will be enemies in the game as well as reveal that the wearer of the Crimson Dynamo armor is General Valentin Shatalov. with Metacritic scores of 46%[66] and 47%[67] for the PS3 and Xbox 360 versions respectively. 2010 in North America. "Jailhouse Talk" – 2:24 12. "Black Widow Kicks Ass" – 2:11 21. on Jimmy Kimmel Live! on March 7 after the Academy Awards.[62] The game's Comic Con trailer showed that the Crimson Dynamo is set to appear as a villain. "Nick Fury" – 1:29 17. "Natalie Intro" – 1:03 9.[61] written by The Invincible Iron Man scribe Matt Fraction. Another section featured an online application. film). "Gun Show" – 2:10 14. "Thor" – 0:39 24. "New RT / To the Expo" – 1:43 20. 7 Eleven. "Ivan's Demise / The Kiss" – 5:05 23. LG Electronics.I. "Iron Man Battles the Drones" – 8:00 22. 2009. Jr.[57] Promotional partners include Symantec.[64] The trailer revealed that A.[56] It was confirmed that the first Iron Man 2 theatrical trailer would premiere in front of Sherlock Holmes (another Robert Downey. Audi. Irvine adapted the script into a novel that was released in April 2010. Gameloft has published the Iron Man 2 mobile game. This trailer was released online on December 16. Jr. Actors portraying Stark Industries recruiters handed out business cards with an invitation to apply for a job at Stark Industries. A new trailer was shown by Robert Downey. "Monaco Drive" – 0:41 10.''Iron Man 2'' 4. a five-minute teaser trailer for the movie was shown. "Senate / Ivan Creates Drones" – 3:37 5. "Sledgehammer" – 1:07 19. with an attached graphic of a "napkin memo" from Tony Stark to Pepper Potts announcing that Stark Industries no longer made weapons. "Tony Discovers Dad's Secret" – 4:09 15. Jackson voice their respective characters in the video games. "Ivan Escapes" – 1:42 13.[60] Video games A video game based on the film was released by Sega on May 4.[58] and Hershey. Roxxon Energy Corporation. Burger King. Dr Pepper. "Dying Hero" – 1:51 8. "Sledgehammer V2" – 2:39 16.[59] Novelization Author Alexander C. "Mayhem in Monaco" – 7:25 11. "New Element / Particle Accelerator" – 6:14 18. "Rhodey Dons Suit" – 0:56 7. "Make Way for Tomorrow Today" – 1:51 33 Marketing At the 2009 San Diego Comic Con.[63] Don Cheadle and Samuel L.[68] . "I Am Iron Man" – 1:30 25. The Wii version will be developed by High Voltage Software and all console versions will be published by Sega.M.[65] The game has received generally unfavorable reviews.[55] A website for Stark Industries also went online.

with the critical consensus that "It isn't quite the breath of fresh air that Iron Man was.[77] Roger Ebert gave it 3 stars out of 4.[4] [70] Home media The film was released in Blu-ray Disc and DVD on September 28. irrelevant stunts and misguided story lines. it'll do". while the remaining will belong to Disney. for an average of $46.[82] . In its place. has vanished with its sequel. and would defend his constitutional right to get a kick out of them. April 28.2 million its first five days from 6."[80] Box office Iron Man 2 launched internationally with number-one openings on Wednesday. high-octane sequel. Iron Man 2 has substituted noise. 2010.[74] Positive reviewers include Brian Lowry of Variety who stated.[75] Anthony Lane of The New Yorker said." Critics of the film include Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter.[72] with the selected Top Critics giving the film a score of 65% based on 37 reviews[73] and the film is "Certified Fresh".764 theaters in 53 foreign markets for a strong average of $14.[76] David Edelstein of New York Magazine wrote.[78] Frank Lovece of Film Journal International. confusion.[81] It earned $100. But Iron Man 2 hums along quite nicely". as Marvel's existing versions of the character had little resemblance to the movie's depiction.A three issue miniseries titled Iron Man 2: Public Identity was released in April which serves as a prequel of the events of the movie. Paramount Pictures will be able to acquire 8% of the box office sales. stating that "Iron Man 2 is a polished. "In a refreshing and unexpected turn. as thought-provoking [79] questions of identity meet techno-fantasy made flesh. 2010. It holds a 74% overall approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 258 reviews with an average rating of 6. but this sequel comes close with solid performances and an action-packed plot".1 million). multiple villains. not as good as the original but building once again on a quirky performance by Robert Downey Jr".875.2 million from 960 venues. "Iron Man 2 isn't as much fun as its predecessor. imperfect humanity grows even more so.5/10.[71] Reception Critical reception Reception for the film has been mostly positive. in six European markets for a total $2.[5] IMAX Corporation reported that the film grossed $2. "To find a comic-book hero who doesn't agonize over his supergifts. who stated. a mere two years ago. 2009's Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen ($2. the sequel to Iron Man doesn't find a changed man.[72] Metacritic gave the film 57% based on a normalized rating of 40 reviews.[69] Since the film was included in a premeditated legacy distribution deal that was signed before The Walt Disney Company purchased Marvel. This surpassed the previous record-holder for an IMAX 2D release. but by the time the smoke clears. said that. The series introduced a new version of Whiplash that was heavily inspired by the movie's portrayal. is frankly a relief". "Everything fun and terrific about Iron Man. a one-time Marvel Comics writer. "It doesn't come close to the emotional heft of those two rare 2s that outclassed their ones: Superman II and Spider-Man 2.25 million at 48 IMAX theaters overseas. Inside the metal. Release The international release date of the film was moved forward to increase interest ahead of the FIFA World Cup soccer tournament. Marvel Comics released a four issue miniseries titled Iron Man vs Whiplash as a tie-in to the movie.814 per site.''Iron Man 2'' 34 Comics Several months prior to the release of the film.

or the rings are not really rings. "The problem with the Mandarin is that the way it's depicted in the comic books.623.122. 2013 release date for Iron Man 3. This is the highest opening weekend for a 2D film in IMAX."[89] After the release of Iron Man 2.[87] 35 Sequel Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige said he is happy with the results of Iron Man 2 and predicted that Iron Man 3 will be in theaters by 2013. Marvel Comics' new corporate parent.''Iron Man 2'' The film grossed $128. He has 10 magical rings — that just doesn't feel right for our [franchise]. Disney agreed to pay Paramount at least $115 million for the worldwide distribution rights to Iron Man 3 and The Avengers.751. . and Paramount announced a May 3.380 theaters and is marked as the fifth highest opening weekend behind Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest record and had the highest opening for a movie in 2010.5 million. however.480 in its opening weekend at 4.[86] It is also seventh-highest grossing film of 2010 internationally behind Toy Story 3. It grossed $51.[88] Jon Favreau said that although the character may need reworking.[91] Disney. to do it. surpassing Star Trek's previous record of $8. Alice in Wonderland.[90] On October 18. which has distribution rights to certain Marvel properties. Robert Downey Jr. He remained an executive producer of director Joss Whedon's planned spin-off movie The Avengers. a conflict between Paramount Pictures. clouded the timing and the distribution arrangement of a possible third film. Shrek Forever After. Inception.128.345 in the United States and Canada as well as $309. The director said. and The Twilight Saga: Eclipse. So it's either tech-based.988.252 per theater.643 internationally giving the film a worldwide total of $621. Feige said. (Iron Man & War Machine vs The Hammer Drones) Choice Movie Villain: Mickey Rourke Choice Movie Dance: Robert Downey Jr. 2010 and grossed $312. "We do have a contract with Robert Downey Jr.[84] Iron Man 2 generated $9. Marvel. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1.[92] Favreau said in December 2010 that he would not direct Iron Man 3.[85] Iron Man 2 closed in theaters on August 19.8 million from 181 IMAX venues. opting to direct Magic Kingdom instead.239. and it will come after The Avengers".[5] Iron Man 2 is the third-highest grossing film of 2010 in the United States and Canada behind Toy Story 3 and Alice in Wonderland.677 in its opening day and is the ninth highest opening day on record. the Mandarin would be in the third film. and The Walt Disney Company. 2010.[83] The film had an average of $29. you don't want to see that.[93] Awards and Nominations Year Award Category Result 2010 Hollywood Film Award Satellite Award Visual Effects of the Year Best Sound (Mixing & Editing) Best Visual Effects Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated Teen Choice Award Choice Movie Fight/Action Sequence: Don Cheadle.

Retrieved 2010-04-11. ign. "Temecula: 6-year-old plays young Tony Stark in 'Iron Man 2'" (http:/ / www. [13] Vejvoda. . com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2009-06-09-ironman2-rourke_N. 2009-04-03.000 Worth Of Couture" (http:/ / www. Eric (2007-02-09). Retrieved 2009-04-03. Favorite On-Screen Team: Robert Downey. Viacom. Favorite Action Star: Robert Downey Jr. "First look: Mickey Rourke suits up as Whiplash for 'Iron Man 2'" (http:/ / www. . Cinema Blend. [3] "IRON MAN 2 rated 12A by the BBFC" (http:/ / www. . com/ movies/ 2010/ IRNM2. The Hollywood Reporter. com/ news/ local/ temecula/ article_2f2e0eac-183b-556e-81b7-fad7416e9f80. Retrieved 2009-04-03. . The Salinas Californian. . html). "Movie Projector: 'Iron Man 2' has 'The Dark Knight' in its sights" (http:/ / latimesblogs. Retrieved 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2009-04-23. com/ popwatch/ 2009/ 07/ this-weeks-cover-iron-man-2. Prefix Magazine. [18] First appearance in Iron Man Vol 3 [19] Marnell." [4] Fritz. org/ 5vhE8pdne). per insiders." (http:/ / twitter. Retrieved 2009-06-05. html). Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2010-05-09. boxofficemojo. The-Numbers. php). April (2009-04-03). Jr. ironmanmovie. USA Today. "Garry Shandling is in the film. Retrieved 2010-03-19. Retrieved 2010-03-11. Borys (2009-04-22). and worldwide print and advertising costs are roughly $150 million. [8] Iron Man 2 DVD commentary with Jon Favreau [9] "War Machine To Appear In Iron Man 2!" (http:/ / screenrant. Retrieved 2010-03-11. webcitation.com. com/ entertainmentnewsbuzz/ 2010/ 05/ iron-man-has-the-dark-knight-in-its-sights. WebCitation archive (http:/ / www. com/ 2009/ 12/ 14/ olivia-munn-talks-iron-man-2-improv/ ). 2010. com/ people/ news/ article_1468591. and Iron Man 3 is on" (http:/ / www. Ben (2010-05-06). Oh. "When submitted to the BBFC the work had a running time of 125m 29s. htm). [12] Favreau.jsessionid=720AF4B83B18CBD21E1F952905EB6093). com/ articles/ 991/ 991454p1. [7] Vespe. Jarett (2009-08-06). com/ new/ Stan-Lee-Is-Larry-King-In-Iron-Man-2-13743. bbfc. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3i2b46d200e6140dd01d6e02fcfdb1d323). Retrieved 2010-05-10. Retrieved 2009-03-30. "Just got out of a pre-call marketing meeting discussing Comicon. html). . nsf/ 0/ 7C04B31D9E24FE988025771100557C1A?OpenDocument). mtv. . Screen Rant." [16] Kit. htm).''Iron Man 2'' 2011 People's Choice Award Favorite Action Movie Favorite Movie Favorite Movie Actor: Robert Downey Jr. [2] Winistorfer. . hollywoodreporter. nypost. Box Office Mojo. . com/ war-machine-iron-man-2-vic-6531/ ). "Quint visits the IRON MAN production offices! Art! Favreau speaks about sequels (?!?). "Olivia Munn Talks 'Iron Man 2' Improv" (http:/ / splashpage. com/ Jon_Favreau/ status/ 1544640578). movies. [6] "Iron Man 2" (http:/ / www. [20] Claverie. com/ movies/ ?id=ironman2. . aintitcool. marvel. .marvel. co. IGN (News Corporation). html). Ain't It Cool News. the-numbers. . Jim (2009-06-04). "Leslie Bibb: 'It's So Delicious Being Evil in $50. "The actor said that he barely remembered recording his dialogue for the first film. . Twitter. uk/ website/ Classified. British Board of Film Classification. "The movie cost about $170 million to produce. Retrieved 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2010-03-11. . ew. Andrew (2010-03-09). [11] "This week's cover: 'Iron Man 2' with exclusive photos!" (http:/ / popwatch. 2009-07-16. Retrieved 2000-01-10. MTV Splash Page. html). "Tom Morello Scoring 'Iron Man 2'" (http:/ / www. filmhobbit. com/ 2009/ 01/ paul-bettany-confirms-hes-back-in-iron-man-2-dont-remember-him. . nctimes. php). Blair (2009-12-14). "'Two sign on for 'Iron Man 2' roles" (http:/ / www. May 3. Jon (2009-04-17). [17] Wieselman. "Iron Man 2 Sneak Peek" (http:/ / uk. prefixmag. . casting and more!!!" (http:/ / www. . & Don Cheadle Won Nominated Nominated Nominated Nominated 36 References [1] "Film Credits" (http:/ / ironmanmovie. you don't remember him?" (http:/ / scifiwire. com/ p/ blogs/ item_dAKVwf4tHqfXGOTGxLCdTM. reveals megawatt cast of Iron Man 2. Retrieved 2010-05-09. Todd (2009-01-09). latimes. . Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). html). [21] Tyler. [14] MacIntyre. New York Post (News Corporation)." [15] Gilchrist.com. com/ credits. monstersandcritics. "Robert Downey Jr. Aaron. Mike (2009-06-09). com/ news/ tom-morello-scoring-iron-man-2/ 38440/ ). [10] Snider. "Stan Lee Is Larry King In Iron Man 2" (http:/ / www. "Paul Bettany returns for Iron Man 2." [5] "Iron Man 2 (2010)" (http:/ / www. php). . usatoday. Josh (2010-08-12). com/ node/ 31525). SCI FI Wire. On set getting ready to shoot as Happy.

. ew. [33] Sperling. html). php?storyId=95833828). aintitcool. [31] Marvel Studios (2008-10-07). . Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2008-10-18. [47] Bartholomew." he beams" [40] Fulton.00. . . MTV Splash Page. [35] Seijas. Rick (2009-01-18). html). movies. . co. Retrieved 2008-12-17. [29] Busch.. superherohype. Retrieved 2009-03-30. drinking vodka and visiting jails to study prison tattoos and find his character's tics. Retrieved 2009-05-15. darkhorizons. . "Rockwell Talks Iron Man 2 Character" (http:/ / www. IGN (News Corporation). He also toured a Russian prison to build up his character so it wasn't a one dimensional baddie. 37 . Garth (2009-12-02). Retrieved 2009-03-17. comicbookresources. com/ 2009/ 02/ iron-man-2-will. Entertainment Weekly. [27] Collura. [30] Vespe. "Rourke steady" (http:/ / www.uk. . Marc (2008-07-15). 2008-10-18. [26] "Live chat with Jon Favreau today at 11am Pacific Time" (http:/ / latimesblogs. Comic Book Resources. 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Los Angeles Times. html). com/ article/ VR1118001114. html). . mtv. com/ node/ 38907). Science" (http:/ / www. Family. variety. npr. "Marvel to Film Next Four Films at Raleigh Studios" (http:/ / www. "'Iron Man 2': Scarlett Johansson to replace Emily Blunt as Black Widow?" (http:/ / hollywoodinsider. Michael. MTV Splash Page. Retrieved 2008-10-29. com/ 2008/ 10/ 14/ iron-man-2-star-don-cheadle-on-superhero-films-and-the-character-hed-like-to-play/ ). "Theroux to write 'Iron Man' sequel" (http:/ / www. ugo. Miami Herald. Retrieved 2009-01-20. Marc (2009-03-11). 2010). com/ id/ 29727391/ ). MTV Splash Page. com/ articles/ 869/ 869925p1. "Samuel Jackson joins 'Iron' cast" (http:/ / www. com/ 2009/ 01/ 18/ sam-rockwell-planning-iron-man-2-movie-homework/ ). Casey (2008-10-14).. Dana (May 21. uk/ showbiz/ celebrity-interviews/ 2010/ 04/ 28/ iron-man-2-star-mickey-rourke-i-made-some-really-bad-mistakes-and-i-blame-only-myself-86908-22217532/ ). [36] Rotten. 2009). latimes. dailyrecord. 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"I decided to do half my role in Russian. . Retrieved 2009-06-07. php?id=7706). com/ iron-man-favreau-film-fans-fin-fang-foom_article_90337. ign. Retrieved 2009-03-30. ""I didn't want to do a one-dimensional bad guy like you'd see in a comic book"" [42] Warmoth. mania. com/ scoops/ may-13-2009-iron-man-2-exclusive-iron-man-2-scoop-jon-favreau-talks-about-filming-edwards-air). html). [25] Worley. "Cheadle On Stepping Into Iron Man 2" (http:/ / uk. "For Rourke this means going to Russia. com/ news/ ironmannews. . Cindy (2008-12-16). "'Iron Man 2': How Terrence Howard Lost His Metal" (http:/ / www. Superhero Hype!. [37] Fleming. Jenna (2008-11-21). Rick (April 28. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "Justin Theroux on Tropic Thunder DVD/Blu-ray and Iron Man 2" (http:/ / movieblog. "CNN's Christiane Amanpour plays a TV journalist in 'Iron Man 2': Seriously?" (http:/ / movie-critics. org/ templates/ story/ story. 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. uk/ 2010/ 05/ 04/ pirate_bay_iron_man_2_leaked/ ). Brian (2010-04-27). . New York Magazine. Roger (May 5. [55] "Stark Industries representatives at San Diego Comic-Con!" (http:/ / marvel. Marvel. . 2010-02-09. ISBN 9780446564588. . com/ news/ vgstories. Marvel Video Games. 2009-11-03. html). April 19. "Promo package turns "Iron Man 2" into gold" (http:/ / www. comics. variety. com/ forum/ iron-man-2-and-perception-suit-up-t25158. "Pirate Bay dishes up Iron Man 2 ahead of US release" (http:/ / www. Anders (2010-05-05). Hollywood Reporter.Soundtracks" (http:/ / www.Film Review" (http:/ / www. [56] "Stark Industries" (http:/ / www. Flixster. Variety. "Film Review: Iron Man 2" (http:/ / www. Gaming Union. com/ m/ iron_man_2/ ). marvel. Retrieved 2010-05-14.com. com/ news/ comicstories. blu-ray. Retrieved 2010-03-11. . Iron Man 2 Case Study (http:/ / perceptionnyc. [58] Graser. [65] "Watch the New Iron Man 2: The Video Game Trailer" (http:/ / marvel. com/ smallscreen/ news/ article_1539977. Retrieved 2010-04-08. 2010). com/ investing/ general/ 2010/ 05/ 05/ iron-man-rakes-in-the-gold. high-octane sequel. IGN. . org/ 5uGWhEz6R) (may require hitting "Skip" button to reach). monstersandcritics. The New Yorker. metacritic. [78] Ebert. . com/ review/ iron-man-2-film-review-29527). Retrieved 2010-05-04. Iron Man 2. starkindustriesnow. . filmjournal. "Jimmy Kimmel's Handsome Men's Club video outtakes" (http:/ / www. (Video) [53] "'AC/DC: Iron Man 2' Album Forthcoming" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2010-04-27. html). [73] "Iron Man 2 Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ Iron-Man-2-Blu-ray/ 13501/ [72] "Iron Man 2 Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. php?id=110816). [74] "Iron Man 2 (2010): Reviews" (http:/ / www. com/ articles/ 100/ 1005877p1. com/ news/ news. Alex (2010). com/ forum/ attachment.com. . . php?uid=129).com. com/ GIRLS/ Cover-Girls/ OLIVIA-MUNN-2010). php/ Jimmy-Kimmel-s-Handsome-Men-s-Club-video-outtakes). suntimes. [70] Bylund. "Iron Man 2: the gadgets (video)" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 38 . gamingunion. "Iron Man 2 Review" (http:/ / rogerebert. metacritic. vfxtalk. "'Iron Man 2' Sparks $100M Marketing Bonanza" (http:/ / adage. engadget. Engadget. 2010-01-26. [59] Andrew. Retrieved 2010-05-08. Retrieved 2010-03-11. Inc. Marvel_and_Gameloft_Team_for_Mobile_Games). co. . SDCC_2009~colon~_Stark_Reps_at_Marvel_Booth). 11537. ""Iron Man 2" is a polished. 2010). new_iron_man_2~colon~_the_video_game_trailer). imdb. 2010-01-14. [50] Press release (http:/ / www. fool. [60] Irvine. com/ review/ VE1117942625. 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-11. Retrieved 2010-04-27. . Chicago Sun-Times. . Retrieved 2010-03-11. acdc. [76] Lane. Retrieved 2010-03-11. metacritic. [71] http:/ / www. [62] Schedeen." 3/4 stars [79] Lovece. . 2010-03-05. Monsters & Critics." (http:/ / marvel. Jesse (2009-07-21). com/ games/ platforms/ xbox360/ ironman2 [68] "Marvel and Gameloft Partner to Produce Mobile Content" (http:/ / www. [51] Iron Man 2 (http:/ / perceptionnyc. 2009-07-21. "Iron Man 2" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ viewstory. Rotten Tomatoes. Rotten Tomatoes. com/ node/ 68). com/ title/ tt1228705/ soundtrack). Anthony (2010-05-10). . com/ arts/ critics/ cinema/ 2010/ 05/ 10/ 100510crci_cinema_lane). Metacritic. com/ apps/ pbcs. 8911. [66] http:/ / www. [69] Fiveash. dll/ article?AID=/ 20100505/ REVIEWS/ 100509987). theregister. marvel. Kirk (2010-04-27). [61] "Iron Man 2 Release Date Confirmed By Sega" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-04-16. "Battle of the Rehabbed Stars" (http:/ / nymag. rottentomatoes. com/ games/ platforms/ ps3/ ironman2 [67] http:/ / www. . com/ m/ iron_man_2/ ?critic=creamcrop). . ""Iron Man" Rakes In the Gold" (http:/ / www.''Iron Man 2'' [49] Choi. [77] David Edelstein (2010-05-02). com/ film/ titles/ ironman2).) ( PDF (http:/ / www. "Matt Fraction Discusses Iron Man 2" (http:/ / uk. Marc (2010-04-07). Flixster. starkindustriesnow. ACDC song-shoot to thrill [54] "Iron Man 2 (2010) . The Register. Retrieved 2010-05-02. Frank (May 6. aspx). complex. Retrieved 2010-03-10. webcitation. . rottentomatoes. AC/DC. Retrieved 2010-05-08. com/ content/ iron-man-2). CBS Interactive. gonintendo. WebCitation archive (http:/ / www. . Hampp. [57] April MacIntyre (2010-03-10). com/ madisonandvine/ article?article_id=143349). com/ news/ vgstories. vfxtalk. [75] Lowry. com/ movies/ reviews/ 65745/ ). Variety. "Fighting Form" (http:/ / www. Advertising Age. com/ 2010/ 05/ 07/ iron-man-2-the-technology-video/ ).com. marvel. Film Journal International. [64] "Don Cheadle and Sam L. News Corporation. [80] Honeycutt. com/ article/ VR1118017382. com/ filmjournal/ content_display/ esearch/ e3i0b2233969ec82f2ce61cf54f0340c755). 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rottentomatoes. 2010). com/ news/ ?id=2766& p=. htm). htm). December 14. 2010. (May 6. . WorstPreviews. 39 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://ironmanmovie.com/movies/?id=ironman2. [90] Frankel. [84] TOP SINGLE DAY GROSSES (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Coming Soon. 2010. 1 in six markets" (http:/ / www. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=2010& p=. htm) [87] 2010 WORLDWIDE GROSSES (http:/ / boxofficemojo.com/deal-central/column-post/no-favreau-10-directors-who-could-take-over-iron-man-3-23244 "No Favreau? 10 Directors Who Could Take Over 'Iron Man 3'"]. October 18. org/ 5uzz3pIPx). 2010.com/title/tt1228705/) at the Internet Movie Database Iron Man 2 (http://www. May 9. com/ news/ articles/ 1638536/ 20100505/ story. com/ 2010/ 10/ 18/ iron-man-3-to-come-to-theaters-2013/ ). webcitation. "'Iron Man 2' Director Jon Favreau Wants The Mandarin For Third Movie" (http:/ / www. jhtml). Retrieved 2010-05-12. [83] "Iron Man 2 Builds on Iron Man" (http:/ / www. . The Wrap.sega. 2010. Hollywood Reporter. Box Office Mojo. hollywoodreporter.''Iron Man 2'' [81] Segers. com/ alltime/ days/ ?page=open& p. Larry.com. Jeff. Retrieved 2010-05-10. boxofficemojo. WebCitation archive (http:/ / www. . "Will There Be an 'Iron Man 3' — and Whose Will It Be?" (http:/ / www. Frank (2010-04-29).com/ironman2/us/index. Retrieved 2010-05-03. [89] Carroll. October 18. Kate.imdb. Entertainment Weekly.com) Official video game site (http://www. [92] Ward. Daniel. [86] 2010 DOMESTIC GROSSES (http:/ / boxofficemojo. . Daniel (May 10. [93] Sneider. . 2010-05-02.marvel. org/ 5ta0iW1Yi). php?id=65669). Box Office Mojo. TheWrap. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?view2=worldwide& yr=2010& p=. [thewrap. MTV.com.boxofficemojo. com/ hr/ content_display/ world/ news/ e3i5a1636af3715b03b4ddf6fc4b8d5de14). com/ news/ ?id=2766& p=. "Iron Man 3" Promised for 2013" (http:/ / www. mtv. net/ news/ movienews. "Breaking: Disney to Distribute 'Iron Man 3' and 'The Avengers (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-04-30. org/ 5uGWuyGBt).com/m/iron_man_2/) at Rotten Tomatoes Iron Man 2 (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo . worstpreviews. [82] "Nightmare. Iron Man 2 Top Domestic and International Box Office Charts" (http:/ / www. thewrap. com/ headline. with reporting by Josh Horowitz. Retrieved 2010-11-20. .com.com. php?id=17650).com/film/titles/ironman2) at Metacritic Iron Man 2 (http://www. "'Iron Man 3 to come to theaters in 2013" (http:/ / news-briefs. [91] Frankel. WebCitation archive (http:/ / www. com/ article/ what-iron-man-3-17187). .com. WebCitation archive (http:/ / www. comingsoon. htm) [85] "Weekend Report: 'Iron Man 2' Builds on 'Iron Man' Launch" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Amazon. htm) [88] ""Iron Man 2" Earns $133 Million. webcitation. webcitation.html) Iron Man 2 (http://www. thewrap. TheWrap. ew.metacritic. 2010). "'Iron Man 2' opens No. com/ movies/ article/ disney-distribute-iron-man-3-and-avengers-21795).

''Unthinkable'' 40 Unthinkable Unthinkable Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Gregor Jordan Marco Weber Caldecot Chubb Oren Moverman Peter Woodward Samuel L. It was released direct-to-video on June 14. Michael Sheen and Carrie-Anne Moss. 2010. Jackson.S. 2010 97 minutes United States English $15 Million (estimated) [1] Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Unthinkable is an American suspense thriller directed by Gregor Jordan and starring Samuel L. June 14. Jackson Michael Sheen Carrie-Anne Moss Brandon Routh Gil Bellows Martin Donovan Stephen Root Oliver Stapleton Senator U.[2] .

which is curtailed when they are summoned to a high school. H slashes her throat and she bleeds to death in front of Yusuf. He knew the torture would most likely break him. H quickly shows his capability and cruelty by chopping off one of Yusuf's fingers with a small hatchet. Brody and the others begin to take her away from the room in disgust. they launch an investigation. he breaks down and agrees that it was all a ruse. Brody takes a scalpel and begins cutting Yusuf's chest. is brought in to force Yusuf to reveal the locations of the nuclear bombs. When Brody refuses to retrieve the children for H. sarcastically setting him free. Out of desperation. (This is the end of the original Direct-to-DVD version. He brings her in front of her husband and threatens to mutilate her in front of him. H falters in his belief that the bombs' location will be revealed until Yusuf's wife is found and detained. .S. Brody walks out of the building with Yusuf's children. Still without cooperation. The official in charge of the operation demands that H bring Yusuf's children back in for further interrogation. but visiting the address triggers a C-4 explosion at a nearby shopping mall. The screen immediately cuts to black and the credits roll. Citing the amount of missing nuclear material Yusuf potentially had at his disposal (some 15-18lbs were reported missing.''Unthinkable'' 41 Plot The film begins with an American Muslim man named Yusuf (Sheen). "H" (Samuel L. trained in resisting torture. He asks Brody to take care of his children and kills himself. citing the United States' declared policy of not negotiating with terrorists.) Extended Version: An FBI bomb disposal team arrives at one of the disclosed locations and resets the timer to prevent the bomb from going off. Her superiors make it clear that the potentially disastrous consequences necessitate these extreme measures. It is clear. Special Agent Brody attempts to put a stop to the measures. Angry at the senseless deaths. killing 53 people. he unstraps Yusuf. which has been converted into a black site under military command. Jackson). because her decency will give him the moral approval that he needs to do the "unthinkable". The official draws his pistol and aims it at H to coerce him into further interrogation. Outside of Yusuf's hearing. Brody realizes that he allowed himself to be caught and that he is purposely enduring the torture. just in case. Yusuf breaks and gives three addresses (in New York. As the FBI are celebrating however. and he would have been certain to plant a fourth bomb. maintains his silence. H demands that Brody bring the children back in. Yusuf then makes his demands: he would like the President of the United States to announce a cessation of support for puppet governments and dictatorships in Muslim countries and a withdrawal of American troops from all Muslim countries. that Yusuf is not afraid. though. formerly named Younger. When Brody accuses Yusuf of faking the bomb threat in order to make a point about the moral character of the United States government. H escalates his methods (with Brody as the "good cop") and Yusuf. H tells the soldiers to bring in Yusuf's two children. a young boy and a girl. Yusef's children are brought in and H makes it clear that he will torture them if the locations of the bombs are not divulged. Horrified. forcing the others to intervene. A special interrogator. H points out that everything Yusuf has done so far has been planned meticulously. cities if his demands are not met. making a videotape. Los Angeles and Dallas). They are shown Yusuf's complete tape. but H does not stop. He justifies the deaths by comparing them to the greater number of Muslim deaths by American hands. As the plot unfolds. he assures everyone that he will not harm the children. where he threatens to detonate three nuclear bombs in separate U. the originally unconfirmed fourth bomb's timer counts down to zero. with about 4-1/2lbs needed per device).[3] When FBI Special Agent Helen Brody (Moss) and her team see news bulletins looking for Yusuf. He gives her an address to prove it. behind a nearby crate. Yusuf grabs the official's gun. H insists that Yusuf has not admitted anything about a hence-unreferenced fourth bomb. The group immediately dismisses the possibility of his demands being met.

Mystery Train and Divided Heaven.Agent DJ Jackson. an American Muslim who has planted nuclear bombs in three U. a black-ops agent assigned to interrogate Yusuf.[3] • Michael Sheen . com/ entertainment/ columnists/ bruce_kirkland/ 2010/ 06/ 13/ 14374201.uk/2010/08/unthinkable/) at Blueprint: Review (http:// blueprintreview. seanax. assistant of 'H' • Gil Bellows . [Unthinkable] is about the age-old question.. [4] Charles V. but does provide plenty of food for thought" [4] Entertainment analyst Matthew Alford argues that "the aesthetic realism and apparent seriousness of Unthinkable is a mask for the absurdity of its content and reactionary politics" making it more than just a "nightmare scenario" but rather "a white paper from Freddy Krueger" [5] .com/m/unthinkable/) at Rotten Tomatoes Unthinkable Review (http://blueprintreview. 2010. Risking the Unthinkable. http:/ / original.co. The Hollywood Reporter. Movie Review: "Unthinkable – Pro-Torture Barbarism Emerges.rottentomatoes. FBI director who assigns the interrogation[3] Stephen Root . September 17. Peña opines that "Ultimately. antiwar. Jackson .''Unthinkable'' 42 Critical Reception Policy adviser Charles V. com/ 2010/ 06/ 15/ dvds-for-06-15-10-the-book-of-eli-mystery-train-and-divided/ External links • • • • Unthinkable (http://www. imdb.allmovie. August 10. media-ocracy.Yusuf Atta Mohammed / Steven Arthur Younger.General Paulson. hollywoodreporter. A similar point is raised by DVD columnist Sean Axmaker who calls the film "a clumsy polemic that bounces between the boundaries of stage-play debate and torture porn spectacle" [6] .. Yusuf's wife Michael Rose . June 15. "Foursome in for 'Unthinkable' mission" (http:/ / www.com/work/451644) at Allmovie Unthinkable (http://www. html [3] Gregg Goldstein (2008-10-06). In the end.co.Agent Vincent. torontosun. http:/ / www. . com/ pena/ 2010/ 09/ 16/ risking-the-unthinkable/ [5] Matthew Alford. com/ ?p=1300 [6] Sean Axmaker. the General leading the interrogation References [1] (http:/ / www. Peña.uk/) .Agent Phillips[3] Martin Donovan .Jack Saunders. in American Cinema". cities.[3] • Carrie-Anne Moss . Unthinkable doesn’t answer the question. 2010 http:/ / www.Henry Harold Humphries aka 'H'.. com/ title/ tt0914863/ ) [2] http:/ / www.S. Cast • Samuel L.Alvarez.com/title/tt0914863/) at the Internet Movie Database Unthinkable (http://www.Jehan Younger.Colonel Kerkmejian Holmes Osborne .. the leader of an FBI counter-terrorism team assigned to interrogate Yusuf[3] • Brandon Routh . DVDs for 06/15/10 – The Book of Eli.imdb. "Do the ends justify the means?". a member of the FBI team[3] • Benito Martinez . a member of the FBI team[3] • • • • • • Joshua Harto . com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ic261f4f6bfdb7bc4737cf3bb80a2227f). 2010. Retrieved 2008-11-20.Agent Helen Brody.Charles Thomson Necar Zadegan . Yet Again.

and stars Naomi Watts. Jackson David Morse Ed Shearmur Music by Cinematography Xavier Pérez Grobet Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Steven Weisberg Everest Entertainment Mockingbird Pictures Sony Pictures Classics September 14. 2009 (TIFF) May 7. 2009 at the 2009 . It premiered on September 14.''Mother and Child (film)'' 43 Mother and Child (film) Mother and Child Australian theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Rodrigo García Barcha Lisa Maria Falcone Julie Lynn Rodrigo García Naomi Watts Annette Bening Kerry Washington Jimmy Smits Samuel L.175. 2010 125 minutes United States English $7 million $3.898 Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Mother and Child is an American drama film directed and written by Rodrigo García Barcha. Annette Bening. Kerry Washington and Shareeka Epps.

They fall in love. 2010. and she gets unintendedly pregnant. Karen permits her anxiety and mistrust to get the best of her. just after giving birth to her. like her daughter did for her. she's a fast-talking lawyer who's just landed a high-profile job at a firm fronted by Paul (Samuel L. Lucy is devastated. Meanwhile. 2010. Elizabeth. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Naomi Watts as Elizabeth Annette Bening as Karen Kerry Washington as Lucy Samuel L. Joseph (David Ramsey). She deposits a letter for her biological mother in the organization that arranged the adoption. Jackson). eventually deciding that adoption is the best bet to start a family with her husband. The pregnant woman that does not want to keep her son after he is born interrogates Lucy to find out if she can have him. Stone Marc Blucas as Steven Carla Gallo as Tracy Tatyana Ali as Maria Jimmy Smits as Paco Brittany Robertson as Violet Cherry Jones as Sister Joanne Elpidia Carrillo as Sofia S. Upon meeting laid-back Paco (Jimmy Smits). Epatha Merkerson as Ada Ahmed Best as Julian Eileen Ryan as Nora Latanya Richardson as Carol Lisa Gay Hamilton as Leticia Elizabeth Pena as Amanda . when she was herself only 14 years old. Jackson as Paul Shareeka Epps as Ray David Morse as Tom Amy Brenneman as Dr.[3] 44 Plot About 37 years ago Karen (Annette Bening) gave her daughter. up for adoption.''Mother and Child (film)'' Toronto International Film Festival[1] and at the Sundance Film Festival on January 23. She breaks up with him and quits her job without explanation. Karen deposits a letter for her daughter. The decision to abandon her child has always haunted her. maternal-minded baker Lucy (Kerry Washington) longs to experience the joys of motherhood. She agrees. but changes her mind after giving birth. No one claimed the child and Lucy adopts Elizabeth's baby girl. Elizabeth dies while giving birth to her child. One year later Karen finds out about the letter and she visits her grandchild who just happens to live in the same neighbourhood.[2] It was given a limited release in the United States beginning May 7. On the surface it appears that Elizabeth (Naomi Watts) is none the worse for never knowing her biological mother.

[5] Reception The movie has been met with generally positive reviews.com/movies/?id=motherandchild. Variety (Reed Business Information). CraveOnline. "Bening. . com/ new/ Sundance-Review-Mother-And-Child-16778. rottentomatoes. php?id=50322). com/ film/ titles/ motherandchild). 2010. variety. Patrick (November 5.com/m/mother_and_child/) at Rotten Tomatoes Mother and Child (http://www. net/ films.com" (http:/ / www. Retrieved March 22. com/ m/ mother_and_child/ ).htm) at Box Office Mojo Mother and Child (http://www. [6] "Mother and Child Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. comingsoon. Retrieved March 22. . Retrieved 12 May 2010. html). [7] "Mother and Child Reviews at Metacritic. Todd (September 16.com/title/tt1121977/) at the Internet Movie Database Mother and Child (http://www.com. comingsoon. garnering an 79% approval rating from Rotten Tomatoes and a weighted average score of 64 at Metacritic. 2010. html?categoryid=2863& cs=1).''Mother and Child (film)'' 45 Production Originally going to be produced by Cha Cha Cha Films.metacritic. ComingSoon. html?categoryid=13& cs=1).com/motherandchildmovie/) Mother and Child (http://www. Retrieved June 1. [5] "Samuel L.boxofficemojo.[4] Principal photography began in January 2009.sonyclassics. Focus Films and Universal Studios. variety. metacritic. External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. Metacritic. . Retrieved March 22. Reed Business Information. [2] Rich. January 30. com/ article/ VR1117995330. [4] Frater. 2010.com/film/titles/motherandchild) at Metacritic . CinemaBlend. "Sundance Review: Mother And Child" (http:/ / www. . Cinema Blend LLC.net. CraveOnline. . 2010. 2010. . 2009.rottentomatoes. com/ review/ VE1117941105. [3] "Mother and Child Release" (http:/ / www. php?id=52452). Jackson Joins Mother and Child" (http:/ / www.imdb. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 22.facebook.[6] [7] The movie was awarded by the Grand Prix du Jury 2010 at the Deauville American Film Festival (France) References [1] McCarthy. Katey (January 28. net/ news/ movienews. Watts star in 'Mother'" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 2010). cinemablend. . Julie Lynn through Mockingbird Films took over in late 2008 with a production budget of $7 million.com/motherandchild/) Official Mother and Child Facebook Page (http://www. ComingSoon. "Mother and Child: TIFF Review" (http:/ / www. 2009).net. 2008). Variety.

''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' 46 Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey Directed by • • • • • • • • • • Harry Kloor [1] [3] Daniel St. Pierre Harry Kloor Helen Pao-Yun Huang Jeff Tzong-Jer Yang Executive: Tom Teng [1] Teddy Zee [1] [4] Ellen Goldsmith-Vein Jon Vein [1] [2] Produced by Written by Starring Harry Kloor • • • • • • • • • • • • • Chris Pine Amanda Peet Samuel L. Jackson Hayden Christensen James Earl Jones Sandra Oh William Shatner Mark Hamill Doug Jones Abigail Breslin Spencer Breslin Robert Picardo Brent Spiner [5] Music by Shawn K. Clement Cinematography Christopher Courtois Editing by Distributed by Dan Gutman • • Lions Gate Entertainment [6] Jupiter 9 Productions .

who lends his voice to a character and serves as one of four distinguished education ambassadors.[15] Final images and radar data. the world’s first female private space explorer and serial entrepreneur and co-founder and chairman of Prodea Systems. were released by NASA in 2008. enabling the film to proceed. this is the first where NASA initiated the project with an independent filmmaker in order to create an animated fiction film to be based upon on-going missions. the Distinguished Service Medal.[14] [16] Quantum Quest will be released in both IMAX format and regular theaters worldwide. large format CGI-animated educational film interweaves actual space imagery captured from ongoing NASA missions with an adventure. Chairman and CEO of the X PRIZE Foundation (which awarded the $10M Ansari X PRIZE).[8] written by Harry 'Doc' Kloor and directed by Kloor and Dan St. and Mercury Messenger space missions. The voice cast originally included Christian Slater.[14] This film.[14] [15] [16] Setting yet another precedent. Mars Odyssey. Actual production on the film could not begin until the Cassini/Huygens (a $3. space missions and includes footage from the Cassini-Huygens. Mars Odyssey. Chairman & Co-Founder of the Rocket Racing League and co-Founder of the International Space University.[9] [10] [11] [12] [13] Quantum Quest is a science fiction film that takes the viewer on an atomic adventure in space. Kloor and his Jupiter 9 Productions assembled a stellar voice cast. the first man to walk on the moon. Venus Express.[19] and Dr. and Neptune and has received NASA’s highest award.[14] [15] The film is 45 minutes long and will integrate pre and post theater educational program for K – 12 students that exceed Federal and State educational guidelines. John Travolta.[7] Anousheh Ansari.[20] Production Background Dr.5 billion dollar) reached its target and sent back its discoveries. combining state-of-the-art CGI with real images and radar data from the ongoing Cassini-Huygen. Pierre. and discovery. Taiwan based Digimax undertook the entire animation pre-production and production task in Taiwan with a team of international artists. Venus Express. 2010 45 minutes United States English $10 million [7] 47 Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey (originally titled as 2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey) is a 2010 animated educational sci-fi adventure film. set in an imaginary universe and intended to create a family-friendly film experience [14] [15] [16] [17] The film was tied into 7 on-going that entertains while educating viewers about our solar system. Stereo mission to the Sun.[15] Quantum Quest is a precedent-setting film. Working on two continents. Mars Express. Jackson.[18] Other educational ambassadors are NASA’s liaison on the film. and Mercury Messenger space missions. Samuel L. representing billions of dollars of NASA investment. Charles Kohlhase. Inc.[14] [15] [16] The 3D. Michael York. who has led the design of deep-space robotic missions to Mars. Kloor started development of the Quantum Quest film project in 1996.. CEO of Zero Gravity Corporation. and James Earl Jones. SOHO. Mars Express. Peter Diamandis. science. Sarah Michelle Gellar.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget January 13. a year before the launch of the Cassini-Huygens mission. providing a partial radar map. committed to financing the film and providing animation. Digimax.[14] [15] [16] Though other missions have been seen in film projects. Saturn. put together the . featuring a cast of major actors providing their voices to the characters. Uranus. while Dr. was initiated by JPL/NASA through a grant from Jet Propulsion Lab via the international Cassini Huygens mission to Saturn. SOHO.[15] In 2007. Quantum Quest is the first film featuring Neil Armstrong. one of Asia’s leading 3D animation studios. produced all talent recordings and. in concert with the film’s composer Shawn Clement. Jupiter.

Inc: Founded in 1990. Anaconda. executive and former studio executive whose films he acquired. Digimax engages in the investment. and The Real Ghostbusters. Pierre supervised motion picture development at Dreamworks Animation and handled Production Design on the hit film Shark Tale. has a varied history in the motion picture industry.[23] He also played a key role in developing the hit TV series Earth: Final Conflict. My Girl. Mo' Money and The Replacement Killers. and Robert A. and Earth: Final Conflict. both earned at Purdue University. developed. Mike Resnick. Saving Face. Heinlein. Inc: Quantum Quest was initiated by Kloor through Jupiter 9 Productions at JPL in 1996.[27] He produced Hitch.[21] [22] The film will be distributed and marketed in Asia by Digimax. Dr.[26] His directing debut came when IDT Entertainment called him to assist with the completion of Christopher Reeve’s animated film Everyone's Hero. Fools Rush In. production and distribution of computer animated films and . producer. Pierre.[26] He began as an Assistant Layout Artist at Filmation Studios and worked as a storyboard artist. several of which are based on award-winning novels from Kevin J.[15] Jupiter 9 Productions has been involved in production and consulting services to leading Science and Technology firms. recognized as one of the leading creator-driven management and production firms in the entertainment industry. First Knight.[15] Digimax Inc Digimax. is a producer. Star Trek VI. and provided these same services to a host of television and film companies. and was the executive in charge of films such as Charlie’s Angels. Digimax. St. development.[28] Goldsmith-Vein was a producer on the worldwide smash hit The Spiderwick Chronicles. is CEO and founder of The Gotham Group.[23] [24] [25] In 1994. forming partnerships with Marvel Entertainment and Paramount Pictures to use their iconic properties such as Spider-Man and Star Trek to advance science.[23] [25] Daniel St. Inc. Ellen Goldsmith-Vein.[27] Zee also executive [27] produced the Asian Excellence Awards.[23] [25] His writing credits include Star Trek: Voyager and the animated series Godzilla. layout artist. executive produced Pursuit of Happyness and Life or Something Like It. director. Kloor founded a National Science Outreach Program at Purdue University in 1991. Anderson.[23] [25] He has served as Science Advisor to the famed X Prize organization.[23] [25] Dr.[22] 48 Staff Harry 'Doc' Kloor has 15 years experience writing/developing films and TV series.[26] St. and has worked in advancing science literacy to the public for over 20 years. and animator on many hit television series including.[15] The company has a substantial development slate of live action and animated feature projects. the only person in the world to simultaneously earn two doctorates. he earned the unique status of being the first and.[28] Goldsmth-Vein and The Gotham Group currently have a diverse slate of over 30 feature films set up at various studios. Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids. Pierre made the switch to Feature Animation when hired by The Walt Disney Company as a layout artist on The Little Mermaid. Kloor has produced and directed a variety of commercials and industrial documentaries and has published stories in various newspapers and scientific publications.[26] Teddy Zee. produced and/or managed have grossed over $2. and West 32nd.[22] [29] As a leading company in Asia. He-Man and the Masters of the Universe. Pierre supervised design for many of Disney's blockbuster films and ultimately was art director for Tarzan.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' post sound and music package. to date.[28] Production companies Lions Gate Family Entertainment Jupiter 9 Productions. Stephen King’s Sleepwalkers. Indecent Proposal. and by Jupiter 9 Productions in all other territories. producer. The Cable Guy.[26] St. one in Physics and the other in Chemistry. and Taiwan government designated flagship company for the digital content industry. which garnered the Academy Award in Science and Technology for the acclaimed Deep Canvas process. is an international award-winning digital content company.[26] Following Disney. background painter. and earned him an Annie Award nomination for Art Direction.6 billion at the box office.

tries to get him moving on his journey. warmth. David sails through the sun and encounters a "surfer dude" Solar Proton. 2007. this one. who is a neutrino scout.[29] The company’s CG short Heavy Duty has been accepted by ACM SIGGRAPH 2008 Computer Animation Festival and ACM SIGGRAPH ASIA 2008 Computer Animation Festival . being who existed before the Big Bang. an African American Professor "Why is the Sun so bright?" This leads the professor to launch into a scientific explanation about fusion.[42] We transition through a plasma wall. The message scroll is partially damaged. and ask him to deliver it while the Ranger holds the ghosts at bay. and who sits at the edge of the solar system. quarks. while entertaining.one composed of protons. The Ranger is trying to get to Saturn (other side of the Sun). He adds that the only being who does not like the Core is a creature called the "Void" who is an ancient. Digimax is aiming to develop original characters and contents for worldwide audiences of all ages.[42] Back in the Sun. and bring life. to deliverer a message to the Cassini Space Core Commander. where a 12-year-old girl. scheming to stop the Core. so David does not know who the space commander is. but he knows that he . The Gell-Mann ghosts (nasty creatures) surround them. Brent Spiner. an older photon character who is mining for free quarks. we transition to the Sun. followed by some imaginary creatures called Gell-Mann ghosts. who surfs the solar winds. and knowledge to Earth. into "The Hall of Destiny" where we are introduced to the main character in our story . 2006. the company received “Grand Prize” from 2008 Tokyo International Anime Fair. for its CG film Adventures in the NPM.[11] [37] [38] Excerpts were shown at the 2008 ComicCon in San Diego which featured voice cameos from actors William Shatner.[22] [29] The company has partnered with The Gotham Group to co-produce CG movies since 2003. Doug Jones and Jason Alexander. The two evade the evil/comical forces of the Void. The only way to escape is to give the message scroll to David." Knowing this means she wants a story. The Core. a young Photon who should have begun his travel to the surface a million years ago. bright like happy. Milton teaches David introductory material about electrons. the film has had proposed release dates for 2004. and watching a Sun Spot spin into view. etc.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' related products.[42] We cut to the Kuiper Belt where a large space battle rages between two fleets . to an exploration of the moons of Saturn. the mentor begins to spin a tale. The mentor lays down the basis of our story as we travel through the sun. Jammer. The little girl laughs. Is he good. she says "No I meant bright. She asks her mentor. makes it through the battle lines and heads to the sun. Jeana.[29] [31] 49 Release dates Originally intended for a 2004 television release as 2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey. and the opposing fleet of anti-protons. protons. is also educational. Eventually he finds Milton. until they get captured by the "Dark Side of the Moon". but David is fearful. He explains that the "man in the sun is called the Core" and spins a story how he is good and that his children "photons" are sent out to chase away the darkness. co-produced by Digimax and National Palace Museum in Taiwan. David is kicking Solid Light sculptures into a plasma fountain.[42] David's journey takes him through the solar system. Chris Pine. 2005. The Ranger crashes through the wall into David. we dive into and pass through the chromosphere. malevolent.[42] As he speaks. and head toward the center. In most drawings the sun has a big smile.David. We then transition to earth. but as a mentor.Electronic Theater. like the man in the moon. the world largest anime fair.[32] [33] [34] [35] [36] and is now expected to be released in 2010.[42] In the process of escaping we learn about the fundamental modes of motion and introduce basic quantum concepts.[30] This year.[22] [29] Also. having played this trick on her mentor many times. and 2009. A character we call "The Ranger.[16] [39] [40] [41] Synopsis The story begins with the Cassini Saturn space craft releasing the Huygens Titan probe. places a sun filter over a telescope to view sun spots.

[42] 50 Cast (voices) The film's cast and crew had gone through few changes during the first 7 years of production. they save the antenna of the ship from a beam of anti-matter sent by the Void. and through a system of antennas.[16] [43] [44] Cast as of 2008 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Chris Pine as Dave Amanda Peet as Rayna Samuel L. different radiation bands used for remote sensing. At the July 2008 ComicCon in San Diego.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' needs to get to the Cassini Space craft. inception through 2007 • • • • • • • • • • • • • John Travolta as Dave Sarah Michelle Gellar as Rayna Michael York as the Core Jim Meskimen as Ignorance David Warner as Void Samuel L. teaches David about spectra. director Adrian Carr and actor David Warner left the project. in the course of determining the danger. etc. He leads the transmission back to Earth. and as Jeana accesses the Web page of JPL. They do this with the help of Jammer. David discovers that he is the Space Core Commander (all this time. Jackson as Fear Anne Archer as Gal 2000 Christian Slater as Jammer Robert Picardo as Milton Tait Ruppert as Moronic Lacey Chabert as Jeanna James Earl Jones as The Professor Casey Kasem as Himself In 2007. Jack Morrow Abigail Breslin as Jeana Doug Jones as Razer / Zero Spencer Breslin as Anthony Gary Graham as Green Jason Harris as Announcer . because something bad will happen. GAL 2000.[32] [33] [34] [35] Cast. searching for himself). who. In the end. the mission of the space craft. Jackson as Fear Hayden Christensen as Jammer James Earl Jones as the Admiral Sandra Oh as Gal 2000 William Shatner as the Core Robert Picardo as Milton Brent Spiner as Coach MacKey Mark Hamill as Void Jason Alexander as Moronic Tom Kenny as Ignorance Janina Gavankar as Nikki Neil Armstrong as Dr. is processed. a modified cast was revealed who are expected to see the film through to completion and release. he flies through the screen and enters Jeana's eye.[42] He gets inside the Cassini craft and encounters the ship's computer.

[3] "Daniel St Pierre" (http:/ / movies. "Scobra Aka Mark scarboro" (http:/ / www. Theiapolis Cinema. html). Retrieved 2008-10-31. com/ new/ Thursday-Schedule-For-San-Diego-Comic-Con-9446.com. . ".It'll teach kids something about quantum physics while they're watching a really cool IMAX animated film". [7] Charles Kohlhase (NASA). .com. something that the film tries to impart to the audience. . jupiter9productions. trekmovie.00. Retrieved 2009-08-27. info/ SMG-in-an-Animated-Tv-Film-2004-A. nextcat.com. "Thursday Schedule For San Diego Comic Con: Quantum Quest" (http:/ / www. yamaha. cinemablend. 2008)..com. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 2008.. nextcat.com. 2008. 2009). com/ ). Retrieved November 2. "Comic Con 08: Chris Pine Talks Quantum Quest.A Cassini Space Odyssey" underway by Digimax Studios in Taiwan" (http:/ / www. cine5x. html). com. Star Trek and Shatner" (http:/ / trekmovie. com/ 2008/ 07/ 25/ comic-con-08-chris-pine-talks-quantum-quest-star-trek-and-shatner/ ). nytimes. Retrieved 2008-10-31. [19] Sara Goudarzi (September 15. . Retrieved 2008-10-31. . Clement integrated sounds and space noise provided by NASA into the music. yamaha. 2008).[45] Quotes Robert Picardo: "I had not yet seen the full animation. turckcealyatzi. . html). qqthemovie. aspx). html).[46] "This is the kind of project I am really proud to be a part of because it really encourages people to become passionate about space and space science. org/ mov/ 0312305/ quantum-quest-a-cassini-space-odyssey. 2008. [2] "Harry Doc Kloor" (http:/ / movies.com. space. Retrieved November 2. artshow. who recorded his score with an 80-piece ensemble of the Skywalker Symphony Orchestra at the Skywalker Scoring Stage north of San Francisco. . hollywood. Retrieved November 2. . Retrieved 2008-11-11. September 1. [8] Nash. com/ 5023056/ stargates-commander-makes-movie-for-genius-kids). 2008. [4] "Ellen Goldsmith-Vein" (http:/ / www. 2008. com/ person/ 921421/ Harry-Doc-Kloor/ filmography). [15] "Quantum Quest" (http:/ / jupiter9productions. . [13] Anthony Pascale (July 25. Retrieved 2008-10-31. nytimes. [6] "Jupiter 9 Productions" (http:/ / jupiter9productions. as Pilot 51 Music The score to Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey was composed by Shawn K. "Interview with Anousheh Ansari. the First Female Space Tourist" (http:/ / www. html). cine5x. . Star Trek and Shatner" (http:/ / trekmovie. Retrieved October 31. Retrieved 2008-10-31. and served as Post Audio Producer on the film. [5] "Shawn Clement" (https:/ / www.com (Spanish).. com/ missionlaunches/ 060915_ansari_qna. "Comic Con 08: Chris Pine Talks Quantum Quest. cinemablend. Jr. whedon. Retrieved October 31. com/ geekend/ ?p=3069).". Retrieved 2008-10-31.[13] He also noted how in making the film he has learned a lot about science. .''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' • Casey Kasem as Himself • Herb Jefferson. [17] "Stargate's Commander Makes Movie For Genius Kids" (http:/ / io9.com. trelmovie. com/ movie-0BZR/ quantum-quest-a-cassini-space-odyssey/ ). . and photons and neutrinos.com (Turkish). . io9. space.CNTID%253D33364%2526CTID%253D551077%2526CNTYP%253DARTIST.com. . html). Retrieved 2008-10-31.com. artshow. [12] "Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved October 31. qqthemovie. theiapolis.com. AllMovie. [11] "Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey (2010)" (http:/ / www. . . 2006). "What geek movie is worth paying theater prices to see?" (http:/ / blogs. techrepublic. turkcealtyazi. com/ news."[13] Chris Pine: (stated) that making the film "was a blast" and that he has always wanted to do voice work. com/ pelicula/ quantum-quest_-a-cassini-space-odyssey/ ). Tech Republic. [14] "About the movie" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-11-11.[13] References [1] "Quantum Quest production credits in film overview" (http:/ / cinema. . com/ scobra). aspx). AllMovie. [16] Josh Tyler (July 8. jupiter9productions.com. scifiwebchannel. [10] Mark Scarboro. Nicole Bremer (August 17.com. 2008. . hollywood. Clement. 2003.com. com/ kohlhase/ bio.. "professional milestone: 2007-08 NASA/JPL coordinator for $10M IMAX edutainment production "Quantum Quest .. com/ Artists/ ArtistDetail/ 0. com/ Story. com/ celebrity/ Ellen_GoldsmithVein/ 1124799). [18] Anthony Pascale (July 25. 2008). . [9] "(archived) SMG in an Animated TV Film : 2004 A Light Knight’s Odyssey" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-10-31. com/ person/ 1200511/ Daniel-St-Pierre/ filmography). Retrieved 2008-10-31. com/ 2008/ 07/ 25/ comic-con-08-chris-pine-talks-quantum-quest-star-trek-and-shatner/ ).

D. Retrieved 2008-10-31. cinema. kidscreensummit website. Retrieved 2008-11-06. filmweb.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' [20] "Dr. [37] "Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey" (http:/ / www. [42] "Quantum Quest synopsis" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-11-06. Retrieved 2008-11-01. inbaseline website. com/ film/ 9445/ 2004-a-light-knights-odyssey/ cast. showbizdata. com/ about/ advisoryboard. APS website. digimax. tw/ history). digimax website.com. kidscreensummit. Retrieved 2008-11-04. csfd. [21] "[[3D computer graphics|3D (http:/ / www.com. com/ 2005/ speaker. Retrieved 2008-11-07. . inbaseline. ScoringSessions. . alaska. . com. [46] Mike Szymanski. [36] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2009)" (http:/ / www. com/ filmsearch/ movies/ ?uniq=600). Retrieved 2008-10-31. [45] Dan Goldwasser (2009-06-15). Retrieved 2008-11-06. filmjerk. Retrieved 2008-11-04. craveonline. Retrieved 2008-10-31. trailerfan. php?id=57193) on 2008-08-04. [38] "Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-10-31. Universal Consultants" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-11-04. digimax website. scoringsessions.com. Goldsea website. filmjerk. html). digimax. Retrieved 2008-11-01.com. The Hollywood Reporter. com. . . cgi?aid=508278). trailerfan. "Dr. Retrieved 2008-10-31. [32] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2004)" (http:/ / www. Digimax inc film deal" (http:/ / login. aspx). php?id_new=558). bigmoviezone. [30] "Gotham. realmovienews. cfm). com/ articles/ filmtv/ 04650990/ 3/ hellboys_doug_jones. html). 2008). . Retrieved 2008-11-01. com/ tcmdb/ title. [39] Fred Topel (July 10. digimax. anoushehansari. com/ Characters. com/ news/ 190/ ). phtml). [43] "Quantum Quest (3D)" (http:/ / alaska. signacert website. [34] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2006) .com. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. "Dr. [41] "Quantum Quest": New animation film with Shatner" (http:/ / www. [35] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2007)" (http:/ / www. com/ scifiwire/ index. jsp?stid=536353& atid=0& category=overview). aspx?project_id=152864). 2008). com/ news/ article. html).pl (Polish).Cast" (http:/ / www. com. anoushehansari website.com. qqthemovie. com/ movies/ 8096). . Pierre" (http:/ / www. .com. Harry Kloor. tw/ about_us). californiaspaceauthority. [25] APS Physics. cinema. jsp?id=nXH33mfDnH8ZLlwjPYB5kVaLXU4gP/ fwUHShYnJC1KD2YepvVlqEtJFtwQv8ODWsIWF1+ aaRc3/ l bJWZHjVU6gEtS0OBclVfr/ WEZKcuF/ AR0ApPmWTMyyn0repaDJ6Z9oAwoWUi0vZ2Ew+ t2JmfmcxI lTtQtPE4A3tHWv5WR3cQov6BKIBCkgLmPbwfw6xekt+ ugXzxFd/ 2YepvVlqEtHsP/ nfpN9SV3kkf baWqqe8=). Ph. [33] "2004: A Light Knight's Odyssey (2005)" (http:/ / www. digimax website.com.org. filmweb. "Comic-Con for the Movie Fan: Quite Underwhelming" (http:/ / www. [40] Carrie Specht (July 31. . signacert.Biography" (http:/ / www. . org/ publications/ apsnews/ 199511/ kloor. californiaspaceauthority. en. com. scifi. pdf) (PDF). . . Retrieved 2008-11-04. scifi. "Picardo Voices Quantum Quest" (http:/ / web. realmovienews. . Ph. [22] "about Digimax" (http:/ / www. com/ about_us.cz (Czeck). . Retrieved 2008-11-01. Chemistry" (http:/ / www. archive. 52 . 2008). 2008. vnuemedia. com/ hr/ google/ login_subscribe. com/ newsarchive/ news_archive=01. [44] "Cast and Characters" (http:/ / www.bigmoviezone. . php?id=57193). com/ movie/ 2004_a_light_knight_s_odyssey). Retrieved 2008-11-06. Universal Consultants" (http:/ / www. csfd. . Retrieved 2008-10-31.com. christianphotographer website. tw/ siggraph2008). July 26. digimax. christianphotographer. com/ scifiwire/ index. Clement scores Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey" (http:/ / www. shatner-news. com/ Personalities/ Zeeteddy/ zeeteddy. html). Retrieved 2008-11-01. tcm. Retrieved 2008-10-31.com. scifi. Harry Kloor. . . . Peter Diamandis . Chief Science Consultant.com. craveonline.2010). tw/ 3d)] Featue Animation"]. tcm. Retrieved 2008-11-11. . qqthemovie. shatner-news. . "Doug Jones interview" (http:/ / www. com/ project. . Retrieved 2009-06-15. Retrieved 2008-10-31. [27] "THE 100 MOST INSPIRING ASIAN AMERICANS OF ALL TIME" (http:/ / goldsea. Retrieved 2008-11-06. Retrieved 2008-11-04.com. . pl/ f127377/ Quantum+ Quest+ A+ Cassini+ Space+ Odyssey. [24] signacert website (September 1. cz/ film/ 35038-quantum-quest-a-cassini-space-odyssey/ ). Retrieved 2008-10-31. [28] "Biography of Ellen Goldsmith-Vein" (http:/ / www2. aps. digimax website. org/ conference2006/ bios/ diamandis_peter. [23] "Biography of Doctor Harry Kloor.D Physics. . Chief Science Consultant. com/ movie/ 234441/ 2004--A-Light-Knights-Odyssey). . [26] "Biography of Daniel St. [29] "Digimax history and awards" (http:/ / www. "Shawn K. showbizdata. . php). [31] "digimax@SIGGRAPH 2008 Live!!" (http:/ / www. . org/ web/ 20080804225430/ http:/ / www. com/ education/ gei/ profile/ show?user_id=15).

qqthemovie.com/title/tt0312305/) at the Internet Movie Database • Quantum Quest Official Website (http://www.com/) .imdb.''Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey'' 53 External links • Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey (http://www.

2009 (Germany) August 21.''Inglourious Basterds'' 54 Inglourious Basterds Inglourious Basterds Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Quentin Tarantino Brad Pitt Mélanie Laurent Christoph Waltz Michael Fassbender Eli Roth Daniel Brühl Diane Kruger Til Schweiger Cinematography Robert Richardson Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Sally Menke A Band Apart Studio Babelsberg The Weinstein Company Universal Pictures May 20. 2009 (United States) 153 minutes Germany United States French English German Italian US$70 million [2] [1] Running time Country Language Budget . 2009 (Cannes) August 20.

The British learn of the premiere and dispatch Lieutenant Archie Hicox (Michael Fassbender) to infiltrate the event aided by the Basterds and German film actress and double agent. whom Landa allows to escape. a German sniper whose exploits are to be celebrated in a Nazi propaganda film. The film was successful at the box office. Bridget von Hammersmark (Diane Kruger). Donny. Shosanna realizes that the presence of several high-ranking Nazi officials provides an opportunity for revenge and resolves to burn down the cinema during the premiere by using a large quantity of extremely flammable nitrate film. It has received multiple awards and nominations. They operate with a "take no prisoners" attitude and come to be known as the "Basterds". as well as the BAFTA Award. and Omar (Omar Doom) will pose as von Hammersmark's Italian escorts at the premiere. one planned by a young French Jewish cinema proprietor (Laurent).773 in theaters worldwide. Eli Roth and Diane Kruger. Shosanna has assumed a new identity as "Emmanuelle Mimieux" and is operating a cinema in Paris.''Inglourious Basterds'' Gross revenue $320. Tarantino struggled with the ending and chose to hold off filming and moved on to direct the two-part movie Kill Bill. Development on Inglourious Basterds began in 1998. leaving everyone dead except von Hammersmark. Tarantino returned to work on Inglourious Basterds.351. including eight Academy Award nominations. is interviewed by Adolf Hitler (Martin Wuttke). grossing $320. Raine interrogates von Hammersmark. 2009 at the 62nd Cannes Film Festival. One survivor of an attack by the Basterds. He tells the soldiers that they each owe him one hundred Nazi scalps. known by the Germans as "The Bear Jew". Hicox and two of the German-born Basterds meet with von Hammersmark at a tavern where Major Dieter Hellstrom (August Diehl). . Zoller is attracted to Shosanna and convinces Joseph Goebbels (Sylvester Groth) to hold the premiere of his film at Shosanna's cinema. devises a plan whereby he. and upon learning that Hitler will be attending the premiere.351. Stolz der Nation (Nation's Pride). Christoph Waltz won the Best Actor Award at the Cannes Film Festival. of the Gestapo. making it Tarantino's highest-grossing film to date. Butz then reveals that Raine carved a swastika into his forehead with a knife.773 [3] 55 Inglourious Basterds is a 2009 war film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino and starring Brad Pitt. For his role as Hans Landa. a soldier named Butz (Sönke Möhring). In June 1944. Landa then orders the SS soldiers into the house to shoot the floorboards where they are hiding. where it competed for the Palme d'Or. After directing Death Proof in 2007 (as part of the double feature Grindhouse). Inglourious Basterds premiered on May 20. notices Hicox's odd accent and that he gives the wrong (non-German) three-fingered order for drinks. except the teenage Shosanna (Mélanie Laurent). She meets Fredrick Zoller (Daniel Brühl). Golden Globe and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. The film went into production in October 2008 and was filmed in Germany and France with a production budget of $70 million. when Tarantino wrote the script for the film. retrieving von Hammersmark's shoe and an autographed napkin. Mélanie Laurent. In the spring of 1944. Butz's account of the attack is shown in flashback: his squad was ambushed and his sergeant (Richard Sammel) was beaten to death with a baseball bat by Staff Sergeant Donny Donowitz (Eli Roth). Christoph Waltz. The film tells the fictional story of two plots to assassinate the Nazi Germany political leadership. Plot In 1941. First Lieutenant Aldo Raine (Brad Pitt) is tasked to recruit a team of eight Jewish-American soldiers for a mission to go behind enemy lines and bring fear to all German servicemen. SS Colonel Hans Landa (Christoph Waltz) arrives at a dairy farm in France to interrogate Perrier Lapadite (Denis Menochet) about rumors that he is hiding the Jewish Dreyfus family. The resulting standoff erupts into a firefight. It was widely released in theaters in the United States and Europe in August 2009 by The Weinstein Company and Universal Studios. Landa later investigates the tavern. Landa persuades the farmer to confess to hiding the family underneath his floor. The entire family is killed. and the other by a team of Jewish Allied soldiers led by First Lieutenant Aldo Raine (Pitt).

[13] He then planned to begin production of Inglourious Basterds in 2005. The film is then interrupted by an inserted close-up of Shosanna informing the audience that they are going to be killed by a Jew. Marcel (Jacky Ido). Zoller goes to the projection room to see Shosanna and confronts her angrily due to multiple rejections of his advances from the beginning. Tarantino had produced three nearly finished scripts. Novak) to be arrested. During the film. ignites the nitrate film stacked behind the screen. Instead he trimmed the script. With US soldiers and French peasants and the French resistance and German occupation troops. who has locked and bolted all the exits of the cinema. killing everyone inside.''Inglourious Basterds'' At the premiere. as he told Charlie Rose in an interview. then shoot into the crowd of panicking Nazis until the timers on their bombs go off and destroy the cinema. and I can do whatever I want. and according to the deal."[8] According to Tarantino. But the thing is. Tarantino found Inglourious Basterds to be a bigger film than planned and saw that other directors were working on World War II films. Omar and Donowitz successfully attack and kill Goebbels and Hitler.[11] At this point. "This just might be my masterpiece". Landa asks to see von Hammersmark privately. At the same time.[4] 56 Production Development and writing Tarantino spent just over a decade writing the script for the film because. allowing Utivich to handcuff him. he became "too precious about the page.[15] In November 2004. she shoots him multiple times. But I couldn't come up with an ending.[7] Tarantino described an early premise of the film as his "bunch-of-guys-on-a-mission film. I won't be period specific about the movie. [It's] my Dirty Dozen or Where Eagles Dare or Guns of Navarone kind of thing. it was kind of a no man's land. Castellari's 1978 war film. but the sense of humor differs in each. When his back is turned. Landa surrenders to Raine and hands over his weapons. proclaiming [12] Consequently. the Spanish locales they had in spaghetti westerns – a no man's land. He then orders Raine and Utivich (B. Landa makes a deal with Raine's commanding officer (Harvey Keitel) to be granted a full military pension and American citizenship. The Inglorious Bastards. Shosanna's employee and lover." director held off his planned film and moved on to direct the two-part movie Kill Bill (2003–2004). before returning to work on Inglourious Basterds. he strangles her to death.[9] "I'm going to find a place that actually resembles." meaning the story kept growing and expanding. He described the men as "not your normal hero types that are thrown into a big deal in the Second World War".[5] [6] Tarantino viewed the script as his masterpiece in the making. Landa and his radio operator drive Raine and Utivich to the American lines. It's about filling in the viscera. Convinced to his satisfaction that she is in league with the Basterds. To Landa's shock. Raine then shoots the radio operator and orders Utivich to scalp the dead man. J.[17] [18] When asked for an explanation of the film's title . Quentin Tarantino [10] By 2002. where he makes her try on the shoe.[16] This project foundered as well. That will really be my spaghetti Western but with World War II iconography. in one way or another. and he ultimately directed a part of the 2007 Grindhouse instead. all his movies make the audience laugh at things that aren't supposed to be funny.[11] After the completion of Kill Bill.[14] The title of the film was inspired by the English title of director Enzo G. in exchange for allowing Donny and Omar—still seated in the cinema—to kill the Nazi high command. I'm not just gonna play a lot of Édith Piaf and Andrews Sisters. Raine then carves a swastika into Landa's forehead proclaiming. the that it was "some of the best writing I've ever done. so he felt it had to become the best thing he had ever written. Tarantino decided to hold off production of Inglourious Basterds and instead take an acting role in Takashi Miike's spaghetti western movie Sukiyaki Western Django and film a kung fu movie entirely in Mandarin. I can have rap.[14] The revised premise focused on a group of soldiers who escape from their executions and embark on a mission to help the Allies. using his script for Pulp Fiction as a guide to the right length. Tarantino went back to his first storyline draft and came up with the idea of turning it into a mini-series. but he manages to shoot her dead before succumbing to his wounds.

but can be seen more closely in the Nation's Pride trailer. body language. "The Basterds? That's just the way you say it: Basterds.[26] When Tarantino was half way through the script for Inglourious Basterds. also has a small cameo in the movie. Roth also directed the film-within-the-film." Director Enzo G.''Inglourious Basterds'' spelling during a news conference at the Cannes Film Festival. He previously cameoed as a German in his own Inglorious Bastards and reprised the same role in this movie. correct. but Sandler declined due to schedule conflicts with the film Funny People. great because my country is in ruins. and voice. including a lisp.[29] The director also wanted to cast Simon Pegg in the film as Lt. Castellari also makes a cameo appearance in the film. but agreed to take the part because of Tarantino's "passion. B.[31] Tarantino talked to actress Nastassja Kinski about playing the role of Bridget Von Hammersmark and even flew to Germany to meet her. "a New York-born soldier of 'slight build'". "gave me my movie" as he feared the part was "unplayable. Mrs. J. By the time he had finished writing.[30] Irish actor Michael Fassbender began final negotiations to join the cast as Hicox in August 2008. but the actor was forced to drop out due to scheduling difficulties with Spielberg's Tintin adaptation. Tarantino said. Himmelstein and Madame Ada Mimieux. but a deal could not be reached[32] and Tarantino cast Diane Kruger instead."[25] Pitt and Tarantino had wanted to work together for a number of years.[26] Tarantino asked Adam Sandler to play the role of Donny Donowitz. Tarantino would not explain the first u in Inglourious. had inquired about being in the movie since Myers' parents were in the British Armed Forces.[30] The Office actor and writer.[19] When pushed on it. Tarantino thought Pitt "would be terrific" and called Pitt's agent to ask if he was available.[24] The role ultimately went to an Austrian. respectively. Christoph Waltz. but came out of retirement when Tarantino offered him the role of Winston Churchill in the film. Novak. Myers felt that it was a version of Received Pronunciation meeting the officer class. Taylor watched dozens of DVDs with footage of Churchill in order to get the Prime Minister's posture.[34] In preparation for the role. Festival. "I'm never going to explain that".[27] Eli Roth was cast in the role instead. Nation's Pride. he sensed that Pitt was a strong possibility for the role of Aldo Raine. but said. but were forced to wait for the right project.[27] [33] Rod Taylor was effectively retired from acting and no longer had a talent agent. who starred in Castellari's The Inglorious Bastards. who. was also cast in August 2008 as Private First Class Smithson Utivich."[18] [20] Tarantino later stated in an interview that the misspelled title is "a Basquiat-esque touch."[21] He further commented on Late Show with David Letterman that Inglourious Basterds is the "Tarantino way of spelling it. but mostly an [36] attitude of "I'm fed up with this war and if this dude can end it.[35] In terms of the character's dialect.[37] [38] Bo Svenson.[28] which used 300 extras.[40] Two characters.[23] before deciding to have the character played by an older German actor. who is a fan of Tarantino. were both cut from the final film due to length reasons."[22] 57 Casting Tarantino originally sought Leonardo DiCaprio to be cast as Hans Landa. but under a different rank and SS organization.[39] Samuel L.[34] Taylor initially recommended British actor Albert Finney for the role during their conversation. Archie Hicox."[34] Mike Myers. make small voice-only contributions as the narrator and an OSS commander. played by Cloris Leachman and Maggie Cheung respectively. Jackson and Harvey Keitel. according to Tarantino.[41] [42] Christoph Waltz at the 2009 Cannes Film . who have both previously starred in Tarantino's films.

showed previews starting on August 15. informing them of the plan to ambush and kill. a line not spoken in the final film (the line occurs in the script during the Bear Jew's backstory).[61] It Lawrence Bender at a premiere for the film in also features the spaghetti-westernesque terms Once Upon A Time In August 2009 [61] Nazi Occupied France. but the steel liquefied. 2008. EFX Group with Greg Nicotero[53] and much of the film was shot and edited in the Babelsberg Studios in Potsdam.[71] . 2009 in the United Kingdom and France.[68] The download section of the German site has been revised to exclude wallpaper downloads that feature the swastika openly. where the film would compete for the Palme d'Or.[66] Some European cinemas.[70] In Poland. [67] however.S. Tarantino and executive producers Harvey and Bob Weinstein set up an accelerated production schedule to be completed for release at the Cannes Film Festival in 2009.[60] The trailer features excerpts of Lt.B. and signed a deal with Universal Pictures to finance the rest of the film and distribute it internationally. Tarantino stated that he would be re-editing the film in June before its ultimate theatrical release.''Inglourious Basterds'' 58 Pre-production and filming Tarantino teamed with The Weinstein Company to prepare what he planned to be his epic masterpiece for production. and scalp unwitting Nazi Eli Roth. and shooting started that week.[55] Following the film's screening at Cannes. 2009. which was considered for the title of the [62] film. this does not apply to "works of art" according to German law.[59] and was shown in US theaters the following week attached to Friday the 13th.[56] Release When the final draft of the script was finished. but it burned at 1. The title has the swastika removed and the steel helmet has a bullet hole instead of the Nazi symbol.[69] Though the advertisement posters and wallpapers must not show Nazi iconography.[54] Roth claimed that they "almost got incinerated". and producer servicemen.[65] It was released in Germany on August 20. so that Nazi iconography could stylize the letter "O". but the title was translated non-literally to Bękarty Wojny (Bastards of War). and A Basterd's Work is Never Done. torture. intercut with various other scenes from the movie. Censorship Universal Pictures censored the film's German publicity website. as it was fastened with steel cables. 2009. it was leaked on the Internet and several Tarantino fan sites began posting reviews and excerpts from the script. as they projected the fire would burn at 400°C.[63] The film was released on August 19.[57] [58] The first full teaser trailer for the film premiered on Entertainment Tonight on February 10.000°F).[64] two days earlier than the U. He claimed the swastika was not supposed to fall either.[44] [45] The Weinstein Company co-financed the film and distributed it in the United States.200°C (2.N. a small spa town near the German border with the Czech Republic. Aldo Raine talking to the rest of the Basterds. allowing him time to finish assembling several scenes that were not completed in time for the hurried Cannes premiere.[51] [52] Special effects were handled by K. Germany[1] and in Bad Schandau.[48] [49] [50] Filming was scheduled to begin on October 13. as the display of Nazi iconography is restricted in Germany. during the theater fire scene.[43] In July 2008.[46] [47] Germany and France were scheduled as filming locations and principal photography started in October 2008 on location in Germany. 2009. so the movie itself is not censored in Germany. release date of August 21. Mélanie Laurent. the artwork on all advertisements and on DVD packaging is unchanged.

appreciating the references and the masterful mise en scène. "With from a second viewing". Tarantino indulges this taste for vengeful violence by—well. of The New Yorker. which assigns a score of 1–100 to individual film reviews. taking in $6.[72] on the way to an opening weekend gross of $38 million. giving Tarantino a personal best weekend opening and the number one spot at the box office. based on a sample of 41 reviews. [.661 votes. by how exasperatingly awful and transcendentally disappointing it is". behind The Final Destination. dismissed the film with the following words: "The film is skillfully made. "Tarantino gets lost in a fictional World War II". "In Inglourious Basterds. startle others and demonstrate once again that he's the real thing.8 million in its first ten days.[77] Among Rotten Tomatoes' "Top Critics". According to the site's summary of the critical consensus. "A classic Tarantino genre-blending thrill ride. First place openings included France.650 screens making $27..[78] the film holds an overall approval rating of 76%. saying.3 million on the opening Friday of its North American release. Germany took in $4.09 million on 500 screens..[74] Inglourious Basterds opened internationally at number one in 22 markets on 2.8m) on 444 screens. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 88% of 256 critics have given the film a positive review. making its worldwide gross $320..92 million (£3. but opined that it was not a masterpiece. unrestrained."[86] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times also gave the film a four-star review. claiming. Inglourious Basterds. radio programs. by turning Jews into Nazis". with earnings of $20 million. Anne Thompson of Variety praised the film.[75] It has come to gross $120. television and Cast and crew at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival. and grossed $73. Quentin Tarantino has made his best movie since Pulp Fiction. you watch it from a distance.[81] The initial reactions of critics at the Cannes Film Festival were mixed.5 million in other territories. "Inglourious Basterds is great fun to watch. writing that "Quentin Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds is a big.[84] Despite this.[88] British critic Peter Bradshaw stated he was "struck. but it's too silly to be enjoyed.. with an average rating of 8. The film received an eight to eleven minute standing ovation from critics after its first screening at Cannes. stating. with a rating average of 7. bold.[80] The film is currently at number 82 on IMDb's Top 250 movie list. audacious war movie that will annoy some..8m) on 266 screens. gives the film an averaged rating of 69 based on 36 reviews. even as a joke. both in the United States and worldwide. which consists of popular and notable critics from the top newspapers. a leading French newspaper.3 million.20 million on 439 screens and Australia with $2."[87] Author and critic Daniel Mendelsohn was disturbed by the portrayal of Jewish-American soldiers mimicking German atrocities done to European Jews. stating. and thoroughly entertaining.56 million ($2. The United Kingdom was not far behind making $5.165 screens.[73] The film fell to number two in its second weekend.4 based on 184. Inglourious Basterds is violent. ahead of District 9.[89] While praising Christoph Waltz's performance ("a good actor new to American audiences"). You don't jump into the world of the film in a participatory way. David Denby." and that it was "one hell of an enjoyable ride.49 million.[76] Critical reception The film received mostly positive reviews from critics.7 out of 10. the film earned $14. dismissed it."[79] Metacritic. websites.] Tarantino has become an embarassment: his . This is a film that will benefit [85] Critic James Berardinelli gave the film his first four-star review of 2009. a director of quixotic delights.''Inglourious Basterds'' 59 Reception Box office Opening in 3. but the movie isn't entirely engaging.[82] [83] Though Le Monde.[3] Inglourious Basterds is Tarantino's highest grossing film.8 million in the United States and Canada and $199..

[103] On its first week of release Inglourious Basterds was number two.[97] The film was nominated for six BAFTA Awards. a magical and Manichean world where we needn't worry about the complexities of morality. Tarantino did use eight tracks composed by Morricone in the film.Drama and Best Supporting Actor for Waltz. selling an estimated 1. which was awarded to Waltz. DVD and Blu-ray Disc versions are the only ones to include the full scene.. Although in other countries. including spaghetti western.. Best Director and Best Original Screenplay. the film was nominated for eight Academy Awards.652 in the United States. R&B and David Bowie's theme from the 1982 film Cat People.[110] The soundtrack was released on August 18.581.[106] [108] The soundtrack uses a variety of music genres.[93] Movie critic Devin Faraci of Chud. because the sped-up production schedule of the film conflicted with his scoring of Giuseppe Tornatore's Baarìa.[94] The film received four Golden Globe nominations[95] including Best Motion Picture . Liel Liebowitz criticizes the film as lacking moral depth. receiving the Best Leading Actor award at the end of the festival.[111] . In Tablet. where violence solves everything. but lacking in Jewish content". 2009 in the UK. The scene in the tavern has been extended. including Best Director for Tarantino.[99] Waltz was awarded the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. which was composed by Dimitri Tiomkin and Paul Francis Webster for the opening of the 1960 film The Alamo.[100] Home media The film was released on Single Disc DVD and a Two-Disc Special Edition DVD and Blu-ray Disc on December 15. who went on to win the award. with four of them included on the CD. as well. but Inglourious Basterds serves more as an "alternative to reality. has criticized the film for failing to develop its characters sufficiently.[102] It was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on December 7. he must have gold".[18] Morricone was unable to. 2009. including Best Picture. 2009 by Universal Studios Home Entertainment in the United States[101] and Australia.[105] However.220 DVDs making $28.''Inglourious Basterds'' virtuosity as a maker of images has been overwhelmed by his inanity as an idiot de la cinemathèque. the German theatrical. He argues that the power of film lies in its ability to impart knowledge and subtle understanding. and where the Third Reich is always just a film reel and a lit match away from cartoonish defeat".[104] The German version is 50 seconds longer than the American version.[109] This is the first of Tarantino's soundtracks that does not include dialogue excerpts from the film. the extended scene was released as a bonus feature.. Best Supporting Actor for Waltz."[90] The film has met some criticism from Jewish press. labeling the film "Enthralling.[98] In February 2010. only behind The Hangover.[106] [107] The opening theme is taken from the folk ballad "The Green Leaves of Summer".467. writer for the online magazine Galus Australis. but let me continue it: Christoph Waltz needs not an Oscar nomination but rather an actual Oscar in his hands.[96] The film also received three Screen Actors Guild Award nominations and went on to win the awards for Best Cast and Best Supporting Actor.[91] Anthony Frosh.com stated: "The cry has been raised long before this review.[92] 60 Accolades Christoph Waltz was singled out for Cannes honors. Soundtrack Tarantino originally wanted Ennio Morricone to compose the soundtrack for the film.

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mstrmnd.rottentomatoes.com/pm/feature/109973-remaking-history-an-interview-with-quentin-tarantino/) Hidden meanings.thedailybeast. .com/) Inglourious Basterds (http://www.com/title/tt0361748/) at the Internet Movie Database Inglourious Basterds (http://www.boxofficemojo. Inglouriousbasterdsmusic. inglouriousbasterdsmusic. Inglourious Basterds decoded (http://www.com/movies/?id=inglouriousbasterds.com.allmovie. 18 August. 65 External links • • • • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://inglouriousbasterds-movie.metacritic.com/m/inglourious_basterds/) at Rotten Tomatoes Inglourious Basterds (http://www. The Inglourious Basterd: Peter Masters and the real story of X Troop (http://www. htm) My Father. 2010. com/blogs-and-stories/2009-08-09/my-father-the-inglourious-basterd/full/) Remaking History: An Interview with Quentin Tarantino by Rene Rodriguez.com/work/465163) at Allmovie Inglourious Basterds (http://www.''Inglourious Basterds'' [111] "Inglourious Basterds Motion Picture Soundtrack" (http:/ / www.com/movies_central/2009/inglorious_basterds. html). Retrieved January 24.com/film/titles/inglouriousbasterds) at Metacritic Inglourious Basterds Production Notes (http://madeinatlantis.htm) at Box Office Mojo Inglourious Basterds (http://www.com/ log/1394) . 2009 (http://www.imdb. secret narratives and visual clues. popmatters. com/ index.

''Astro Boy (film)'' 66 Astro Boy (film) Astro Boy Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Story by Based on Starring David Bowers Maryann Garger Kuzuka Yayoki Timothy Harris David Bowers David Bowers Astro Boy by Osamu Tezuka Freddie Highmore Nicolas Cage Kristen Bell Bill Nighy Donald Sutherland Nathan Lane Eugene Levy Matt Lucas John Ottman Music by Cinematography Pepe Valencia Editing by Studio Robert Anich Cole Imagi Animation Studios Tezuka Productions Summit Entertainment October 10. 2009 94 minutes United States Japan China Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country .

Astro concludes the two cores must come together in order to stop the Peacekeeper. also called Atom (ア ト ム . where Tenma is asked to remove the Blue Core. Donald Sutherland. Elefun and Dr. using DNA from a strand of hair and his memories to make the robot think he is Toby.''Astro Boy (film)'' Language Budget Gross revenue English $65 million [1] [2] 67 $44. destroying both cores. and Cora makes up with her parents. causing it to go out of control. The studio announced the project in September 2006. Toby also meets the Robot Revolution members: Sparx. Unaware of this. transfers some of his energy to Astro. in the last moment. and the Robot Revolution try to help to bring down the Peacekeeper-Stone fusion. Stone likes the Red Core and places it in the Peacekeeper (despite warnings from Dr. Hamegg realises Astro is a robot and pits him against other robots in the Robot Games.014 Astro Boy. 2009 and finally in the United Kingdom on February 5. but both refuse to fight one another. Plot The film is set in the futuristic Metro City. and flees. including Zog. However.093. however. then in the United States on October 23. Metro City's population are aided by a multitude of different robots who are dumped on the Surface when they are broken or disused. but it will cost him his own life. Cora. visits his father at the Ministry of Science but is neglected by Tenma as he demonstrates the Peacekeeper guardian robot to President Stone. 2009. Tenma quickly realizes the robot is not like his original son and rejects him. who appears to fix broken robots. the other children.[6] The film also features the voices of Kristen Bell. arresting Astro. and their fatherly figure. Astro is taken to the Ministry of Science. 2009. demolishing most of the buildings and causing the city to land on the ground. It tries to disintegrate a forcefield placed between it and the humans. Toby encounters two cleaning robots and discovers he can fly via rocket boosters hidden in his shoes. Tenma that the Red Core is dangerous). who is running for a new term in his presidency. Tenma. Moises Arias. 2010. It was produced by Imagi Animation Studios. Charlize Theron and Nicolas Cage. He overhears his father talking to Elefun about dismantling him. A trailer of the film was shown in the North American Home Theater of PlayStation Home from December 28. Tenma and Elefun use the Blue Core to construct an identical robotic clone to Toby. Atomu) in Japan. Doctor Elefun introduces Stone to the Blue Core and Red Core. Dr. who identify him as a robot and rename him as Astro. Eugene Levy. 2008 to January 8. Astro goes along with his new name and lives with the children as a human. reviving him. Elefun and others find Astro's body. and a robotic dog named Trashcan. Astro is reunited with Dr.[3] the animation production company of TMNT. Stone and his men arrive. Matt Lucas. is a 2009 computer-animated 3-D film loosely based on the long-running Japanese series of the same name by Osamu Tezuka. a girl who left Metro City after her parents neglected her.[5] Freddie Highmore provides the voice of Astro Boy in the film. The film was released first in Japan on October 10. Hamegg. Robotsky and Mike the Fridge. although Stone survives but is arrested soon afterwards. Nathan Lane. a metropolis which floats in the sky above the polluted "Surface". Astro and co. President Stone's men detect the Blue Core's energy signature and pursue Toby until he falls off the floating city and lands in the junkyard below. Cora. Bill Tenma. An alien lifeform appears over the city and Astro . respectively. but runs the Robot Games: destructive gladiatorial matches in which one robot gets destroyed. Astro and the Peacekeeper fight across the city. Astro secretly using a portion of the Blue Core to revive Zog. only for Toby to get trapped in with it and end up getting killed. Toby. son of Dr. he has a change of heart and allows Astro to escape. which produce energy which can power robots via positive and negative energy. Stone impatiently places the Red Core into the Peacekeeper again. Astro flies into the Peacekeeper's body. He meets several children including Cora. the militaristic dictator of the city. Dr. Zog arrives and per Elefun's suggestion. It was directed by David Bowers and produced by Maryann Garger[4] with Pilar Flynn as associate producer. Bill Nighy. find an offline construction robot named Zog. only for it to absorb him and take on his consciousness.

That same year. Nothing more came out of this announcement. Jackson as Zog Bill Nighy as Simon Elefun/Robotsky Donald Sutherland as President Stone Eugene Levy as Orrin Nathan Lane as Hamegg Alan Tudyk as Mr. . The Power of the Dark Crystal. Colin Brady signed on to direct the film. Summit Entertainment took over the film's distribution rights. Math Cowboy.  In 2008. Squirt. alongside TMNT. Leighton was replaced with animator Genndy Tartakovsky with a scheduled 2007 release. and The Weinstein Company. Tartakovsky later left the project to produce the Dark Crystal sequel. Burning Robot Dee Bradley Baker as Trashcan Newell Alexander as General Heckler David Bowers as Mike the Fridge Bob Logan as Stinger One Ryan Ochoa as Rick Production In October 1999. Sony Pictures Entertainment purchased the film rights to Astro Boy from Tezuka Productions. and Todd Alcott was to write the screenplay. However. In June 2004. Mustachio. also for Jim Henson Productions. Brady was replaced with David Bowers. Bill Tenma[8] Kristen Bell as Cora[9] Scarlett Johansson was originally set to voice Cora but was replaced by Kristen Bell. Charlize Theron as "Our Friends" Narrator Samuel L. intending to produce a combination live-action/animatronics/CGI feature film alongside Jim Henson Productions originally slated for a Christmas 2000 release. Scrapheap Head.''Astro Boy (film)'' flies up to battle it. 68 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Freddie Highmore as Toby Tenma/Astro Boy[7] Nicolas Cage as Dr. In summer 2006. it was announced that Hong Kong-based animation firm Imagi Animation Studios would produce a CGI animated Astro Boy film as part of a three-picture distribution deal with Warner Bros.  Eric Leighton was attached to direct. In 2007. and Gatchaman. Squeegee. then a Summer 2001 release. Boxer Robot Moisés Arias as Zane Matt Lucas as Sparx Madeline Carroll as Widget Elle Fanning as Grace (cameo only) Sterling Beaumon as Sludge Victor Bonavida as Sam Tony Matthews as Cora's father Ryan Stiles as Mr. Stinger Two David Allen Grier as Mr.

"[15] Among Rotten Tomatoes' "Top Critics". Also there were issues on Astro's rear end being too small. 2009.[14] Beginning in May 2009 and continuing through September 2009. The site's general consensus is that "While it isn't terribly original. television and radio programs.[13] Astro Boy: The Video Game for Wii. Model of Astro Boy waiting to be powered up in Hong Kong.[16] On Metacritic. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 48% of 124 critics have given the film a positive review. Hong Kong. a compromise was reached..6 out of 10. 2008. outside Madame Tussauds Hong Kong in September 2009. and Astro was altered to look just slightly more adult.[10] [11] Music The score to Astro Boy was composed by John Ottman. IDW Publishing published a "prequel" and comic book adaptation of the film as both mini-series and in graphic novel format to coincide with the North American release of the film in October 2009. wanted no changes. Since there were issues about a boy flying around in underwear on the big screen (as it might confuse audiences not familiar with the Astro Boy series or his classic costume) suggestions were made and it was decided to give Astro clothes. Ltd. with a rating average of 5. Tezuka Productions. which consists of popular and notable critics from the top newspapers. some changes to Astro had to be made as they did not adapt well in 3D (such as Astro's large eyes and curly eyelashes).  The games were released on October 20. which assigns an . 2009 to coincide with the film's theatrical release. Astro Boy boasts enough visual thrills to please its target demographic. In early development Astro's design was younger. 2009 by Varese Sarabande Records. D3Publisher of America announced it would publish a video game based on the film. however. Imagi Animation Studios later wanted to add a few years on Astro as to make him more grown up and thus easier to relate to. who recorded his score with a 95-piece orchestra and choir at Abbey Road Studios. and it seems to have a political agenda that may rankle some viewers. Also his speedo was slightly tweaked to resemble shorts. However. 2009. though this was never intentional. Astro's look was tweaked to be more Caucasian. this was changed so Astro looked more human. A model of a motionless Astro Boy waiting to be powered up was set up at Peak Tower. websites. A panel of the film was held at the San Diego Comic-Con on July 23. the film holds an overall approval rating of 46%. and that too was altered after talks with Imagi. PlayStation 2 system and PSP system was developed by High Voltage Software and Nintendo DS by Art Co. Marketing On November 5.''Astro Boy (film)'' 69 Design When making the leap from 2D to 3D. based on a sample of 24 reviews. a trailer for the film was released with the Disney-Pixar film Up. On May 29.[12]  A soundtrack album was released on October 20. Reception The film received mixed reviews from film critics. Imagi had several discussions on how round and curvy Astro's body proportions should be and in the end they were made to be more lean. resembling his iconic design. Eventually.

Kristen Bell. and an image gallery. a postcard of 1980 Astro Boy flying. [6] Freddie Highmore Signed for Imagi Studios' Astro Boy (http:/ / www.[21] by Summit Entertainment. . which owe a heavy debt to Brad Bird's The Iron Giant. . pdf) [9] Astro Boy's Kristen Bell ready to win more fanboy hearts as an anime urchin | Blastr (http:/ / scifiwire. imagi.com (2009-07-01). a Micro SD (featuring the motion manga "Atomu Tanjo" originally written by Osamu Tezuka).. Dr Tenma's Project Notes (featuring 80 pages of CGI models. [14] "D3Publisher to Bring Summit Entertainment and Imagi Studios' ASTRO BOY to Wii.7 million. hollywoodreporter. Retrieved on 2010-12-09. Retrieved 2009-12-23. com/ 2009/ 1010/ 9/ ) [11] NHK special Japan Anime v. Internet Movie Database.. a small bookmark (that is actually a reel from the film inside a plastic cover) and Astro's blueprints from the film. com. d3publisher." but "Astro Boy is a marvelously designed piece of cartoon kinetics. com. Retrieved 2009-01-06. com/ hr/ content_display/ world/ news/ e3i30e7feb16ddb02078b67e4725d88077c). [8] (http:/ / mirrorus. climactic robot rumpuses. php). . 70 Home media Astro Boy was released in the US on DVD and Blu-ray March 16. other American-produced films based on Japanese sources which failed to garner success in their land of origin.com. Retrieved 2009-04-15. [5] "Press Release: Astro Boy" (http:/ / www. the other special features with two bonus features exclusive to Japanese) and has both English and Japanese dub (along with English and Japanese subtitles. Both releases include two new animated sequences. . com/ news/ 207/ ). where it remained in the Top 10 for three weeks. us/ PressDetails. hk/ web/ main. This follows the same pattern as Dragonball Evolution and Speed Racer. three other featurettes about drawing Astro Boy. grossing $6. References [1] "Imagi hitches rocket to 'Astro Boy'" (http:/ / www.s. the film was very successful in China. asp?ID=115). has a rating score of 53 based on 22 reviews. Rotten Tomatoes. com/ title/ tt0375568/ ). imagi. Retrieved on 2008-02-28. scoringsessions. hk/ / web/ pdf/ press_release/ press_20080923E. November 5.[19] The film was not a big hit in Japan. . "John Ottman scores Astro Boy" (http:/ / www. .) The box set also comes with a DVD (containing a single story on Astro's first flight and an image gallery). May 7. PlayStation2 System.[20] The film also was not a box office success in the US. In Japan a special Limited Edition Astro Boy Premium Box Set was released. appearing at the bottom of the opening week's top 10 rankings and making only $328. animenewsnetwork. com. com/ news/ home/ 20090507005361/ en). hk/ pdf2/ IMAGI_US-Creative-Team. [7] "9 (2009)" (http:/ / www. com/ 2009/ 07/ astro-boys-kristen-bell-o. rottentomatoes. pdf).457. making an animated movie and getting the Astro Boy look. opening at #6. com. com/ m/ astro_boy/ ).''Astro Boy (film)'' average rating out of 100 to reviews from film critics. Pictures" (http:/ / au. The-Numbers. 2010. [10] design issue between original Atom (http:/ / news. and PSP System This Fall" (http:/ / www. Scifiwire. ScoringSessions. When it closed in January 2010. php?lang=eng) "Our Films". 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-10. "Astro Boy" [4] "Imagi Press Release: Astro Boy" (http:/ / www. breaking a box-office record for a CG animated film. com/ press-release/ 2007-08-21/ pilar-flynn-joins-imagi's-astro-boy-as-associate-producer). Retrieved 2009-05-07. Hollywood (http:/ / www. Nintendo DS. . html) [12] Dan Goldwasser (2009-10-13). imagi. Retrieved 2010-05-26. [15] "Astro Boy Movie Reviews. [13] "Imagi Studios & D3Publisher Ink Exclusive Worldwide Videogame Publishing Agreement for Astro Boy" (http:/ / www. It featured the same content from the US release with the exception of it spanning on two DVDs (One the film. 2009."[18] Glenn Whipp of the Los Angeles Times gave the mixed review claiming "The kids won't get it but will enjoy the big. . hk/ web/ pdf/ press_release/ press_20080227E. imagi. among others. D3Publisher of America. pdf). com/ movies/ 2009/ ASBOY. or. walkerplus. php). businesswire. it had a total gross of $20 million. . [2] "Movie Astro Boy – Box Office Data" (http:/ / www. imdb. the-numbers.[17] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a B and wrote of the film having "little too much lost-boys-and-girls mopiness. Conversely. Business Wire. character art and set designs from the film). a featurette with the voice cast including Nicolas Cage. Freddie Highmore and Donald Sutherland. nhk. Retrieved 2009-10-14. [3] Imagi International Holdings (http:/ / mirrorus. . jp/ special/ onair/ 081027. The Hollywood Reporter. but sold well in China.

com/ ). [17] "Astro Boy (2009): Reviews" (http:/ / www. metacritic. .''Astro Boy (film)'' [16] "Astro Boy Reviews: Top Critics" (http:/ / www. Rotten Tomatoes. . com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3icc3fec8640be47141ac15f403bbc6837) [21] Astro Boy (http:/ / www. com/ film/ titles/ astroboy).boxofficemojo. html#). .astroboy-themovie.00. Inc. com/ film/ titles/ astroboy). astroboy-themovie.. Retrieved 2009-12-23.com/) Astro Boy (http://www. metacritic. 71 External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.com/m/astro_boy/) at Rotten Tomatoes Astro Boy (http://www. Entertainment Weekly.com (2009-10-23). .com/movies/?id=astroboy. GN Entertainment. Astroboy-themovie. Retrieved 2009-10-23. hollywoodreporter. [19] "'Astro Boy' – Review" (http:/ / www. [20] (http:/ / www.allmovie. Los Angeles Time. [18] "Astro Boy Movie Review" (http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2009-10-23.20314437.com/title/tt0375568/) at the Internet Movie Database Astro Boy (http://www. rottentomatoes.htm) at Box Office Mojo . com/ ew/ article/ 0. Retrieved 2009-12-23. ew.com/work/400000) at Allmovie Astro Boy (http://www. Retrieved on 2010-12-09. com/ m/ astro_boy/ ?critic=creamcrop).imdb. Metacritic.

Jackson Scarlett Johansson Eva Mendes Dan Lauria Sarah Paulson Paz Vega Stana Katic Jaime King Louis Lombardi Score: David Newman Song: Christina Aguilera Written by Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Bill Pope Editing by Studio Distributed by Gregory Nussbaum Odd Lot Entertainment Media Magik Entertainment Lionsgate (US/UK) Warner Bros.''The Spirit (film)'' 72 The Spirit (film) The Spirit Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Frank Miller Michael Uslan Deborah Del Prete Gigi Pritzker Benjamin Melniker Steven Maier Frank Miller Will Eisner (comics) Gabriel Macht Samuel L. Pictures (Japan) Sony Pictures (International) .

receiving a knife wound that he seems to not even notice. the Octopus and Silken Floss open the chest but discover that it does not contain the mysterious Blood of Heracles as expected and decide a trade is in order. whom Sand paid to locate the underwater treasure she wanted. The Spirit and Liebowitz find the wounded Sussman.000 $39. she wasn't heard from for fifteen years until the Spirit’s interest is obviously piqued. At the swampland. Jackson. The Octopus (Samuel L. In a secret lair. United States English $53. 2008 103 min.337 [1] 73 The Spirit is an American comic book adaptation. catching a ride from Officer Liebowitz (Frank Miller) and heading toward the flats. expressing her thoughts that the Spirit and the Octopus will “be at it all night” as the two enemies do indeed share a connection in their capability to take such great amounts of punishment. “What are you?” The Spirit runs away. Sand said she now hated cops. the film found more success on DVD and Blu-ray. running over Pathos in the process. but a flashback reveals that it was really the Octopus who shot him in an effort to recover two identical chests underwater. Sand and her husband Mahmoud (Eric Balfour) tried to flee with both chests. Ellen Dolan (Sarah Paulson). The Spirit dons his costume and travels across rooftops while delivering a voice-over soliloquy about the city being his one true love.[3] Plot In a cat-filled mausoleum in Central City. Ethos. The film is based on the newspaper comic strip The Spirit by Will Eisner. and Samuel L. and on DVD and Blu-ray on April 14. The woman asks. leaving one chest behind. After the Octopus kills Liebowitz by ripping his head off.031. he sends away his cloned henchmen. receives a phone call from Detective Sussman (Dan Gerrity) about something big going on that could involve the Spirit’s arch-nemesis. Sand escaped. They lived happily until Sand’s father. Octopus accomplice Silken Floss (Scarlett Johansson) drives up. Appearing to be in perfect health despite his gunshot wounds (something which has occurred seemingly many times before). Eva Mendes. Sand Saref’s locket contains pictures of a much younger Denny Colt (Johnny Simmons) and Sand (Seychelle Gabriel). Sarah Paulson. also known as The Spirit. 2009. and Logos (all played by Louis Lombardi). It is implied that Donenfeld gave up the treasure’s location to the Octopus . Despite being a commercial and critical failure in theatres. Fleeing to Europe. Paz Vega.” including the Golden Fleece of Jason and the Argonauts. Scarlett Johansson. The two grew up together in Central City where Denny bought Sand the locket as a gift to satisfy the girl’s love of diamonds and other such “shiny things. femme fatale Sand Saref (Eva Mendes) rises from the water and appears to shoot Sussman multiple times. A woman (Kimberly Cox) is being mugged in an alley below. The Spirit is awakened by his lover Dr.[2] The Spirit was released in the United States on December 25. OddLot and Lionsgate produced the film. the Spirit is shocked to notice a gold locket in Sussman's hand.''The Spirit (film)'' Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue December 25. Denny Colt (Gabriel Macht). 2008. which the Octopus retrieved from the murky depths. Jaime King. He manages to save her. was shot dead. Jackson). to be alone to take on the Spirit. daughter of Police Commissioner Dolan (Dan Lauria). Sand and Mahmoud visit the office of a high-class fence named Donenfeld (Richard Portnow). but the Octopus wounded Mahmoud and snapped a line connecting the two chests. Pathos. Dan Lauria. written and directed by Frank Miller and starring Gabriel Macht. She departs with the cargo.000. a piece torn from Sand Saref’s neck earlier.

As the Spirit swims to the surface. Miller had required actors who wanted the starring role to audition. Later the Spirit stumbles to the city docks and collapses into the water where he is confronts the ethereal Angel of Death. They kiss as Ellen looks on. Elsewhere. 74 Cast • Gabriel Macht as Denny Colt / The Spirit: An ambitious and formerly eager young cop killed on the job. In the Octopus’s lair. he works with Central City's police force from the shadows. Floss discovers the Octopus’s severed finger crawling toward her. Sand and her latest henchman fly in with the Blood of Heracles to meet Floss and a clone carrying the Golden Fleece." At dawn. and the city all needing him. Floss drives off as the Spirit suddenly materializes. or having a theme to his day to day life and making some sense with it. he is caught off-guard by her standing before him fully nude. the Spirit stands triumphant on a rooftop with his cat. only slightly more sane than he is. Jackson stated "It's just an opportunity to be larger than life to take the Octopus's theme of dressing the way he feels everyday. Octopus and Floss’s experimentation eventually led to the creation of a serum (something of a scientific equivalent to the Elixir of Life) that could grant immortality when the Octopus injected himself and arch-enemies were born. Sand's history as one of the world’s great jewel thieves is relayed to the Spirit. Jackson. and Macht was able to attain the role in August 2007. who under mysterious circumstances is reborn as a masked crimefighter with an eye for the ladies. Unable to take a side.[4] Determined to still keep his beloved city safe. Sand doesn't recognize the Spirit as the presumed-dead Denny. a full Nazi SS uniform. and a costume consisting of a Russian-esque hat and a fur-lined coat influenced by 1970's blaxploitation pimps. "Who knows what I'll do. The Octopus gets to the Blood of Heracles and prepares to drink it. a Western duster influenced outfit with a ludicrously out-of-proportion cowboy hat.[8] . Lorelei Rox (Jaime King). At Alice’s Hospital. He asks Floss for the vase. Jackson as The Octopus: A former coroner turned psychotic supervillain who plans to bring all of Central City to its knees and will kill without discretion anyone unlucky enough to stand in his way. Jackson was [6] Miller's first choice for the role and was cast in May 2007. Sand. Sand attempts to convince Floss to get out of serving the Octopus before he kills her as the Octopus emerges from his truck. but Sand shoots the vase just in time as the Spirit blows the Octopus up. feeling betrayed. and the costume designer went through the various scenes of the film to design elaborate costumes for the Octopus to wear—to the point that in every scene he appears in his look is different than the one before. He is then the only man to have ever wrongfully escaped death when he manages to gather his senses by remembering Ellen. who has haunted the Spirit’s sleep. When asked about the change from the Octopus just being recognized by a pair of gloves in the comics to the various costumes. Miller. After a four-way Mexican standoff. The old flames bid each other goodbye and the Spirit convinces Dolan to let Sand go in gratitude for saving the world. And hopefully the audience will take the ride with us. She picks it up and departs saying.''The Spirit (film)'' to ensure his family’s safety. The Octopus unloads with progressively bigger guns until Dolan’s SWAT team storms the area and opens fire. the Spirit has fully regenerated and is good as new where the Commissioner Dolan angrily enters with young rookie cop Morgenstern (Stana Katic) and calls the Spirit away to a case. She is stunned when he reveals his knowledge of her looking for the Golden Fleece as she shoves the Spirit through a window only to survive the fall. They include a samurai robe complete with a wig. Lorelei vows vengeance. Showdown over. the Spirit gives Sand her locket back. At the projects.[5] • Samuel L. As the Spirit is about to arrest her."[7] • Scarlett Johansson as Silken Floss: A femme fatale secretary and perversely innocent accomplice to the Octopus.

Ethos. Two ideas pitched to Uslan were to put the Spirit in a costume and to have the Spirit be a resurrected dead man who possessed supernatural powers.[14] Screenwriter John [15] Turman. has them killed. Bulbos. director William Friedkin obtained the rights to The Spirit and contacted Will Eisner to write a script for him. but ultimately embraced his first solo project as writer-director. who was protective of the rights to his creations. In the movie her character shares characteristics with P'Gell from The Spirit comics. "The only thought in my mind was. In the early 1990s. Uslan approached Frank Miller at Will Eisner's memorial service in New York City several weeks after Miller's Sin City was released in theaters. said that he believed in the producers to faithfully adapt The Spirit.''The Spirit (film)'' • Eva Mendes as Sand Saref:[9] The Spirit's childhood sweetheart. and the project was abandoned.[4] • Louis Lombardi as Phobos. and this version was [13] scrapped. I turned around and said. Mangos.' and I agreed to the job on the spot".[10] • Sarah Paulson as Ellen Dolan: The police commissioner's daughter and a top surgeon who considers it her duty as the Spirit's current flame to keep him healthy and alive (much to her father's chagrin). OddLot's producers Gigi Pritzker and Deborah Del Pete began a collaboration with Uslan. Adios and Amigos. Pathos. Eisner declined but recommended Harlan Ellison. she wields tri-pronged throwing knives and a sword.[16] In April 2005. and producer Gary Kurtz attempted to get an animated adaptation off the ground. etc. She is also a tragic anti-heroine. who must continually force himself to resist her. expressed interest in writing the script. they thought the film would be unmarketable. and break up with aspiring cop Denny Colt. and uses their money to fund criminal exploits in a constant pursuit of a life of the highest luxury and influence over the criminal underworld. The actress told director Frank Miller that she wanted to work with him on The Spirit before she had seen a script for the film. [3] 75 Production Development In the 1970s.[11] • Paz Vega as Plaster of Paris: A sexy French belly dancer and assassin in the employ of the Octopus. Logos. producer Michael Uslan and Executive Producers Benjamin Melniker and Steven Maier subsequently obtained the rights for a live-action film adaptation.[4] • Jaime King as Lorelei: A phantasmic siren and the Angel of Death waiting to take the Spirit. The producer promised Eisner that he would not permit anyone who "didn't get it" to work on the project. Eisner.[18] Miller had initially hesitated. Brad Bird.[14] As Miller described his decision-making. interested in initiating the adaptation technique with Miller's film for The Spirit.' And I refused. In July 2004.: The Octopus's thuggish and moronic. Huevos and Rancheros. comic book writer Jeph Loeb was hired to adapt The Spirit for the big screen. Later in April. yet highly resilient cloned henchmen. a comic book fan.[3] .[17] but the writer eventually left the project. though studio executives praised the screenplay. who wrote a two-hour live-action script for the filmmaker.[12] During the 1980's. 'It's too big—I can't possibly do it. And about three minutes later as I was at the doorway. with her policeman father accidentally murdered. Melniker and Maier working at Batfilm Productions. 'Nobody else can touch this. financier OddLot Entertainment acquired the rights to the film.[11] • Seychelle Gabriel as Young Sand Saref • Johnny Simmons as Young Denny Colt[4] Frank Miller and DC Comics president Paul Levitz also have cameo roles in the film. Jerry Rees. doubting his skill in adapting The Spirit.[4] • Stana Katic as Morgenstern: A spunky rookie officer and skilled sharpshooter who idolizes the Spirit. Friedkin and Ellison afterward had an unrelated argument.[4] • Dan Lauria as Commissioner Eustace Dolan: The hard-boiled and commanding police commissioner of Central City and the Spirit's father figure. to adapt the story. who perennially seduces and marries wealthy men. causing her to have a hatred of police and Central City.

[20] The film would also copy specific shots from the comic. 2009. He truly loves every woman he meets. David was able to bring it all home for us. It’s part of his makeup.[18] Following the casting of Gabriel Macht as the Spirit in August 2007. 2008.[25] Music The Spirit's mysterious Henry Mancini-like soundtrack is by David Newman. Producer Deborah Del Prete said in the movie's production and press notes. and popularized. because it's based on her relationship with Denny Colt when they were in their teens. written by Frederick Hollander.[24] The films release was originally scheduled for January 16. Saref's music ultimately becomes the love theme of the movie. Miller and the producers publicly announced this at the 2006 Comic-Con International in San Diego. "I intend to be extremely faithful to the heart and soul of the material.[19] Miller also planed to begin filming Sin City 2 in spring 2009. and Donenfeld and Liebowitz.[22] Principal photography was initially slated to begin in late spring 2007.[28] Christina Aguilera sings a cover of the classic "Falling in Love Again" in the closing credits of The Spirit. After seeing samples of the footage literally everyone we wanted to meet with was very excited about taking on the film. As Miller described the project.[21] In February 2007. It will be much scarier than people expect". especially when they finally kiss. These include "Feiffer Industrial Salt". "Iger Avenue".''The Spirit (film)'' In July 2006. respectively. "It's Sand Saref (Eva Mendes) who has the most elaborate of all the themes. Sammy Davis Jr. it was announced that the release date would be moved up to December 25. The song was originally sung. Miller completed the first draft of the screenplay. Filming took place in Albuquerque Studios in New Mexico. and named for two of DC Comics' founders. but it won't be nostalgic. a comic book artist and writer. After consideration. The song dates to 1930. similar to Sin City. but on May 6. California.[5] 76 Filming Filming began in October 2007. without the psychological ambivalence towards women. "We were very fortunate to have a wealth of choices.M. the Spirit is like a modern day Don Juan. Harry Donenfeld and Jack Liebowitz. well before he became the Spirit. The song was covered by Billie Holiday (1940). It’s very romantic. characters played by Richard Portnow and Frank Miller. named for Steve Ditko. by Marlene Dietrich in the film The Blue Angel (1930). wordless soprano for Lorelei (Jaime King) that is performed by Newman's 19-year-old daughter Diana. . 2008. filming was re-slated for the following October. and began work on a second draft. "Jerry" Iger. Doris Day (1961). with lyrics written by Sammy Lerner. The hardest part was having to say no to so many really great music makers. He has a certain naiveté [27] in this respect.[4] The Spirit was shot using Panavision's Genesis digital camera." There is an eerie. "Ditko's Speedy Delivery". the highly accomplished multiple Academy Award nominee David Newman joined the team.[19] Miller said that he was putting together a film treatment that included large parts of The Spirit strip panels. Frank Miller and I talked about that scene quite a bit.[18] The film contains a number of references to Eisner collaborators and other comics personae. the film trade press reported Miller would write and direct the film adaptation for The Spirit . Frank wanted elements of the ‘40s jazz sound married with iconic heroic music and even a touch of the spaghetti western. almost old fashioned.[23] but Uslan indicated that filming for The Spirit would begin before Miller started Sin City 2. alluding to Spirit ghost writer Jules Feiffer. and many others. named for Eisner & Iger partner S."[26] Newman explained. (1962). a vocal major at USC. In the end. He really wanted me to 'go for it' – to make their music as romantic as possible.[19] Miller plans to film The Spirit using the same digital background technology that was used for Sin City and 300.

. but robotic at its core".509 theaters. Samuel L. "The film may not move smoothly—Miller’s too fond of 'just damn weird' digressions for that—but it does move and isn’t hard to follow. The Spirit: The Movie Visual Companion by Mark Cotta Vaz.[18] Titan Books produced a making-of book. and former The Spirit publisher Denis Kitchen presented a panel at which they described the history of the film and the film's progress. It received a 14% rating at the movie-review aggregate site Rotten Tomatoes. Uslan.395. 2008. from 24 reviewers.[32] and a Metacritic aggregate rating of 30 out of 100.. featuring interviews with the cast and crew. found that "gorgeous cinematography and design can't mask the hollow core and bizarre ugliness of this mishandled comics adaptation". Released in 2. placing 9th in the box-office ranking for the weekend."[35] Frank Lovece of Newsday. the film had grossed $19. some sexual content. and Jaime King at attend due to recuperation from hip the 2008 Comic-Con promoting the film and leg injuries. The film was rated PG-13 by the MPAA for "intense sequences of stylized violence and action. and calling it "one of the year's most refreshingly fun films.] in a rumpled suit—a vulnerable but insouciant everyman in humanist fables".[34] Ricky Bentley of The Miami Herald said.188 domestically and $18.3 million in its opening four days. The film was released on Christmas Day 2008. 2007. full of burnt-end romance and 'style'. Chris Barsanti of Filmcritic. DeSanto.[22] Instead.[29] though Miller was unable to Gabriel Macht. Miller's [36] Spirit "now has a superpower—a healing factor. To call the characters cardboard is to insult a useful packing material". director-screenwriter Frank Miller and producer Michael Uslan were scheduled to present a panel for The Spirit. photos. [30] and brief nudity" making it Miller's first film to be PG-13.806. a one-time comic book writer. Frank Miller.[38] Ken Hanke of Mountain Xpress observed.[33] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times said.030. found the movie a "ludicrously knowing and mannered noir pastiche. Eisner's own spirit must be spinning in its grave".588. and noted that while Eisner's own Spirit was "an average-Joe [. "There is not a trace of human emotion in it. "Macht manages to meld macho with melodrama to make the Spirit come to life. Its screwiness is deliberate and it’s all a matter of taste. storyboards. fellow producer F.842 internationally for a worldwide total of $38. It was released November 25.[1] Critical reception The Spirit was almost universally panned by critics.[31] As of May 2009."[39] .J. "It's a frankly gorgeous effect.[1] The Spirit grossed $10. Jackson. Deborah Del Prete.com stated. Reception Box office The Spirit fared poorly in the box office.''The Spirit (film)'' 77 Marketing At the New York Comic-Con on February 24. and production art. denoting "generally negative reviews"."[37] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly. liberated by the fact that Miller adapted freely from Eisner's panels—the two were longtime friends—to create an organic story instead of slavishly following the master's work".

[7] Adler. html?categoryid=13). hollywoodreporter. hyper-stylized adaptation of a fabled comic book series by Will Eisner may be an exercise in futility. com/ article/ VR1117973594. mtv.''The Spirit (film)'' Jason Heck of The Kansas City Star summed up. archive. "Eva Mendes Has 'The Spirit'" (http:/ / moviesblog. Steven. variety. html). Dec. "Miller sees Jackson as evil 'Spirit'" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 2008-09-18. "The Spirit is terrific entertainment. (no longer links to article) [3] CD Computing News. Retrieved 2007-08-22. Batfilm join forces for 'Spirit'" (http:/ / www. Eric (2006-11-09). [19] McClintock. archive. [15] Worley. "Countdown To Hulk: John Turman talks about Hulk and other heroes" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ newsitem. . . Diane Garrett (2007-08-02). Comic Book Resources. Ben Fritz (2006-07-18). "Ellison Gets In 'The Spirit' (http:/ / www. variety. comics2film. com/ article/ VR1117920635. latimes. Borys (2007-09-25). . "It's a triple feature for Johansson" (http:/ / web. Pamela (2008-05-06). com/ articles/ 745/ 745055p1. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3ided21673370e52a3d7c4c2e9e6e6674d). Retrieved 2007-02-13. The Hollywood Reporter. ign. org/ web/ 20070930231849/ http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 2010 [13] Paul Leiva. [10] Carroll. Retrieved 2007-02-13. hollywoodreporter. php?blog=17& title=lionsgate_conjures_the_spirit_with_odd_l& more=1& c=1& tb=1& pb=1). entrepreneur. hollywoodreporter. Comics2Film."[40] A. . July 26. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. html?categoryid=1350& cs=1). . Larry (2007-10-10). com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=spirit09. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3ia314015383aee6d14c4065f49edf632c) on 2007-09-30. "NYCC. June 1. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3ided21673370e52a3d7c4c2e9e6e6674d) on 2007-09-30. org/ web/ 20070520052817/ http:/ / www. Tatiana Siegel (2007-08-17). Borys. com/ 2008/ 12/ 12/ the-spirit-that/ ). . "To ask why anything happens in Frank Miller's sludgy. Ken. Los Angeles Times Hero Complex. 12. May 16. Retrieved 2007-08-03. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2007-02-13. htm). Rob (2003-06-01). Variety."[41] 78 Footnotes [1] Box Office Mojo: "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. XTRA: "Will Eisner's The Spirit" Panel" (http:/ / www. com/ ?page=article& id=2196). 2008 [8] Kit. archive. Variety. hollywoodreporter. com/ tradejournals/ article/ 200146409. "Mendes moved to join 'Spirit'" (http:/ / web.O. It’s a better and a more complete film than Sin City or 300. [17] Mohr. . Archived from the original (http:/ / www. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. "Exclusive: Frank Miller Talks The Spirit" (http:/ / movies. accessed May 24. "Miller's 'Spirit' finds love with Paulson" (http:/ / web. Jackson Takes Us through His 'Spirit' Wardrobe" (http:/ / splashpage. com/ hr/ content_display/ film/ news/ e3ia314015383aee6d14c4065f49edf632c). The only halfway interesting question is why the thing exists at all. Variety. "Gabriel Macht to star in ‘Spirit’: Sony picks up rights to comicbook adaptation" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-08-17. . "Loeb will get into 'The Spirit'" (http:/ / www. hollywoodreporter. comicbookresources. Having a comic book genius create a comic book movie is a very. com/ ?page=article& id=26341). MTV. Retrieved 2007-10-10. mtv. Fleming (2004-07-22). [9] Kit. May 21. 2007. Pamela. hollywoodreporter. 2009 [2] "Lionsgate conjures 'The Spirit' with Odd Lot Entertainment and visionary filmmaker and graphic novelist Frank Miller" (http:/ / www. archive. html?categoryid=1238& cs=1). . "Odd Lot. . Borys (2007-08-22). comicbookresources. Variety. [18] McClintock. Retrieved 2007-02-26. Retrieved 2008-05-. [11] McNary. [5] Fleming. [20] Moro. 2009 [4] Kit. Justin (2007-02-25).com "Splashpage". . org/ web/ 20071011201532/ http:/ / hollywoodreporter. Dave (2007-10-08). comicbookresources. com/ b/ index. . very good idea indeed. [6] Siegel. variety. com/ article/ VR1117985199. Borys Kit (2007-05-18). html?categoryid=13& cs=1). com/ article/ VR1117908165. IGN. com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ib429a97580f60ae2166395f1268d6bf8) on 2007-10-11. cgi?id=9802). The Hollywood Reporter. "Ellison Gets In 'The Spirit' (http:/ / herocomplex. variety. Comic Book Resources. [12] Phegley. 2008 [14] Jordan. com/ 2007/ 10/ 10/ eva-mendes-has-the-spirit/ ). The Hollywood Reporter. "Samuel L. hollywoodreporter.Tatiana. com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ib429a97580f60ae2166395f1268d6bf8). "Odd job for Miller" (http:/ / www. . com/ article/ VR1117969608. variety. MTV. Retrieved 2007-10-08. "Christmas gets Frank Miller's 'Spirit'" (http:/ / www. Michael. Scott in The New York Times summed up. The Hollywood Reporter. variety. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117947038. Entrepreneur. Shawn. boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2007-09-25. html?categoryId=13& cs=1& query=The+ Spirit). com/ 2008/ 07/ 26/ samuel-l-jackson-takes-us-through-his-spirit-wardrobe/ ). Retrieved 2007-02-13. Ian (2005-04-05). Retrieved 2007-05-18. . com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ie62938636be2f71fecac797ed78e3302) on 2007-05-20. com/ hr/ content_display/ news/ e3ie62938636be2f71fecac797ed78e3302). html). org/ web/ 20070930230456/ http:/ / www. "Lionsgate Debuts Frank Millers's Action Film 'The Spirit'" (http:/ / www. [16] Michael. Variety. . "Pair joining 'Spirit' squad" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. .

imdb. com/ filmjournal/ content_display/ esearch/ e3i8a7ba6d185c56a44dde220cb5168caff) [26] Cochran. . "With NY Comic Con kicking off. com/ popwatch/ 2007/ 02/ its_been_the_ca. com/ article/ latest_mpaa_ratings_119). ENI. Sound bites: David Newman (http:/ / www. Comic Book Resources.metacritic. com/ entertainment/ movies/ news/ story/ 824526. "The Spirit | Treatment does comics crimefighter justice" (http:/ / www. "Marley & Me Enjoys a Record-Breaking Christmas" (http:/ / www. php?catid=190& itemid=14188). com/ scifiwire/ index. com/ ew/ article/ 0. variety. ew.htm) at Box Office Mojo . 2008 [29] "NYCC Announces More Special Guests. Entertainment Weekly. com/ m/ the_spirit/ ) [33] Metacritic. Sci Fi Wire. metacritic. .com/title/tt0831887/) at the Internet Movie Database The Spirit (http://www. 2008-04-09. December 17. ropeofsilicon. Retrieved 2007-02-26.com/m/the_spirit/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Spirit (http://www. Chris (2007-02-24). Retrieved 2007-02-13.mycityscreams. January 1. org/ web/ 20070225084539/ http:/ / www. The Spirit (review) (http:/ / rogerebert. "NYCC 07: The Spirit" (http:/ / movies.com: The Spirit (http:/ / www. Nisha (2007-02-23). 2008 [35] Ricky Bentley. [25] Lovece. Mountain Xpress. 2008 [37] Chris Barsanti. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.sonypictures.0. 2009 [28] Burlingame. The Miami Herald. scifi. story). html).boxofficemojo.''The Spirit (film)'' [21] Carle. com/ article/ VR1117997546. 2008 [38] Gleiberman. com/ feature. comicbookresources. html?ref=movies).Ian (2007-02-23). php?category=0& id=40259). Ducking Villains and Vixens" (http:/ / movies. archive. 2008 [27] "E-Notes: Composer David Newman Is Visited By The Ghost Of 'The Spirit' Past" (http:/ / www. Important Deadlines" (http:/ / www. The New York Times. December 25. Retrieved 2007-02-24. shtml). ign. 2008 [41] Scott. FilmJournal. The Spirit (http:/ / www. htm). Chicago Sun-Times. php?category=0& id=40259) on 2007-02-25.com/thespirit/) External links • • • • • The Spirit (http://www. broadcastbuyer. it's (Frank) Miller time" (http:/ / popwatch. Entertainment Weekly. 2007-01-29. Variety. Filmcritic. . scifi. A. ifmagazine. nytimes. iFMagazine.com.20248903. December 23. [23] Spelling. 2008 [32] Rotten Tomatoes. Jay. 2008-08-27. com/ articles/ 767/ 767757p1. The Kansas City Star. 2008 [36] Lovece.rottentomatoes. The Spirit review: a dazzling visual style (http:/ / movies.6764122. IGN. com/ film/ titles/ spirit2008) [34] Ebert. The Spirit (review) (http:/ / www. December 24.O. Retrieved 2008-04-10.com/work/355798) at Allmovie The Spirit (http://www.com/movies/?id=spirit09. com/ scifiwire/ index. December 23. "Returned From the Dead. Movie Maker. com/ reviews/ mr456969-rank-2-reviews. .com sidebar: "The Annotated Spirit: A Guide to the Movie's In-joke References" (http:/ / www. tv/ publish/ New_Contracts_24/ The_Orphanage_Brings_VFX_And_DI_Processes_Together_With_Film_Master_15639. Roger. com/ movies/ review/ spirit). suntimes. December 29. "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. "Miller: Sin 2 Is Ready To Go" (http:/ / web. 2008 [40] Jason Heck. com/ 2008/ 12/ 25/ movies/ 25spir. html?categoryid=16& cs=1). December 24. Jon. Newsday. December 31. broadcastbuyer. rottentomatoes.allmovie. com/ blog/ item/ marley_me_enjoys_a_record_breaking_christmas_20081229/ ). . com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/ article?AID=/ 20081223/ REVIEWS/ 812239987). [31] Gnerre. Owen.com) • Official international The Spirit site (http://www. com/ news. com/ services/ newspaper/ printedition/ exploreli/ ny-ete5975235dec24a. cgi?id=9495). The Spirit (review) (http:/ / www. ew. miamiherald. Retrieved 2008-08-29. html). filmjournal. . mountainx. toptenreviews. December 25. html). The Spirit Production Notes & Images (http:/ / enewsi.00. Frank. nsf/ reviews/ The-Spirit). [22] Gopalan.com: "The Spirit" (http:/ / www. html). December 24.net/movies/thespirit/) • Lionsgate official The Spirit site (http://lionsgate. 2008 [39] Ken Hanke. [24] "The Orphanage Brings VFX And DI Processes Together With Film Master" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ newsitem. 2008 79 References • Official The Spirit site (http://www. moviemaker. asp?article=3169). newsday.tv. com/ misc/ emporium. filmcritic. [30] "Latest MPAA Ratings: #119" (http:/ / www. Andrew.com/film/titles/spirit2008) at Metacritic The Spirit (http://www.. November 8. Retrieved 2007-02-25.

2008 100 min. Jackson Bernie Mac Sharon Leal Sean Hayes Affion Crockett Adam Herschman Jennifer Coolidge Mike Epps with Isaac Hayes and John Legend Stanley Clarke Written by Narrated by Starring Music by Cinematography Matthew F. Lee David T.''Soul Men'' 80 Soul Men Soul Men Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Malcolm D. Leonetti Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget William Henry Paul Millspaugh Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Dimension Films November 7. United States English $40 million . Friendly Charles Castaldi Steve Greener Robert Ramsey Matthew Stone Randy Jackson Samuel L.

Floyd's fling with Rosalee (Jennifer Coolidge) and a lot more leading up to their big performance at the Apollo Theater. A few problems come their way involving Cleo's wanna-be gangsta rapper boyfriend. 2008. Jackson and Bernie Mac. a beautiful young woman in an abusive relationship. Cleo (Sharon Leal). Two former backup soul singers.082. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. Louis (Samuel L. as a tribute to the two actors. Isaac Hayes and Bernie Mac both died in unrelated circumstances in August 2008. Lester (Affion Crockett). Jackson) and Floyd (Bernie Mac) who have not spoken to each other in 20 years reluctantly agree to travel across the country together to a reunion concert to honor their recently deceased lead singer Marcus Hooks (John Legend).[2] Director Lee said the film was heavily re-edited to soften the tone of the film. and the two Soul Men reform a bond that they lost 20 years ago. Lee and written by Matthew Stone and Rob Ramsey. It stars Samuel L.''Soul Men'' Gross revenue $12. It was released on November 7. who is believed to be Floyd's daughter accompanies them as a new singer. Jackson as Louis Hinds Bernie Mac as Floyd Henderson Sharon Leal as Cleo Whitfield Sean Hayes as Danny Epstein Affion Crockett as Lester "The Court Jester" Adam Herschman as Phillip Fatso-Fasano as Pay-Pay Jackie Long as Zig-Zag John Legend as Marcus Hooks Jennifer Coolidge as Rosalee Isaac Hayes as Himself Mike Epps as Duane Henderson Millie Jackson as Floyd's ex Randy Jackson as The Narrator (voice) Sara Erikson as Chastity Vanessa Del Rio as the full figured neighbor .391 [1] 81 Soul Men is a 2008 American music-comedy-drama film directed by Malcolm D.

htm [2] "Isaac Hayes and Bernie Mac star in new film" (http:/ / www.com/m/10009635-soul_men/) at Rotten Tomatoes . Changeling. .allmovie.443. Retrieved 2008-11-08.com/cms/content/view/1879/80/ index. Based on 73 reviews.721 in revenue. External links • Soul Men 2008 Movie Official Website (http://www. . . the-numbers.netkushi. Retrieved 2008-11-09.rottentomatoes. Metacritic.082.com) • Soul Men 2008 Community (http://www.[5] At the conclusion of its domestic theatrical run on February 5. and some hilarious moments. NME.[3] On Metacritic. about 483.com (http://www.391 which makes the film a flop.com/title/tt1111948/) at the Internet Movie Database • Soul Men (http://www. Retrieved 2008-11-08. High School Musical 3: Senior Year.11/9" (http:/ / www.soulmen.php) Soul Men 2008 Movie Review • Soul Men (http://www. reported that critics gave the film an average score of 49/100. based on 23 reviews. The Numbers. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?view=& yr=2008& wknd=45& p=. Pictures" (http:/ / www.com. another review aggretator. com/ movies/ ?id=soulmen. com/ m/ 10009635-soul_men/ ). [5] "Weekend Box Office Results from 11/7 . .000 behind Zack and Miri Make a Porno. Rotten Tomatoes. boxofficemojo. 2008-08-11. Retrieved 2008-11-15. Jackson.[6] References [1] http:/ / www.soulmen-movie. com/ movies/ 2008/ SOULM. but ultimately suffers from an unoriginal script. This does not include blu-ray sales. bringing in $9. Jackson and Mac with Gabe Witcher prerecording songs for the film in December 2007 [3] "Soul Men Movie Reviews. and Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa (which Bernie Mac was also in). . 2009 and by the 5th week.000. boxofficemojo. php). rottentomatoes. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 45% of critics stated that Soul Men features lively performances from Bernie Mac and Samuel L. metacritic.org) • Soul Men 2008 Movie Review at Netkushi. com/ film/ titles/ soulmen).imdb. [6] "Soul Men" (http:/ / www. Bernie Mac on the set of the film in March 2008 DVD sales The film was released on DVD on February 10. 2009. com/ news/ isaac-hayes/ 38798). nme. Role Models. the film's gross was $12.[4] The film opened at #6 with $5.com/work/418663) at Allmovie • Soul Men (http://www. htm).360 units have been sold. 2008-11-09.''Soul Men'' 82 Reception Soul Men received generally mixed reviews from film critics. [4] "Soul Men(2008):Reviews" (http:/ / www. Box Office Mojo.

''Lakeview Terrace'' 83 Lakeview Terrace Lakeview Terrace Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Neil LaBute James Lassiter Will Smith Screenplay by David Loughery Howard Korder Story by Starring David Loughery Samuel L. Jackson Patrick Wilson Kerry Washington Jeff Danna Mychael Danna Overbrook Entertainment Music by Studio Distributed by Screen Gems Release date(s) September 19. Jackson plays a racist. 2008 Country Language Budget United States English $20 million Gross revenue $44.653. and starring Samuel L. . Patrick Wilson and Kerry Washington. The film was released on September 19. produced by Will Smith. twenty-eight year veteran[2] of the LAPD who terrorizes his new next-door neighbors because they are an interracially married couple. 2008. Jackson.637 [1] Lakeview Terrace is a 2008 thriller film directed by Neil LaBute.

hoping to retrieve Clarence's cell phone because he is afraid his call to the perpetrator could be traced. The situation is leaving them stressed and they can’t decide on when they want to have children. with Abel making comments on Chris’s smoking and listening to hip hop music. and criticizes Chris and his friends for their liberal political and social tendencies. which leads to an almost violent exchange between the two neighbors. who are recently married and buying their first home. Abel enters and tells Chris that he lost his own wife. One evening. who tells them they could choose to move away. When Chris and Lisa are packing to leave. but are able to do little. Abel makes a last cryptic comment about his wife. The neighbors attend a barbecue in a home down the hill. He installs home security floodlights. Chris does not want to have children yet. Chris now buys his own floodlights. when she was supposed to be working (implying she was being unfaithful to him). Chris tells Abel that he is starting to take offense to him. Lisa goes home early surprising him and they struggle. As the feud between the neighbors continues it also causes problems between Chris and Lisa. Abel claims that the lights are to prevent crime and says that he will shut them down. and find the tires of Chris' car slashed. they hear noises downstairs. Abel's children are watching. and shines them into Abel's bedroom. Lisa soon reveals that she is pregnant. Lisa skipped birth control pills to force the issue.P. as a way of taking matters into his own hands. As he leaves. with some of his cop buddies. keeping them awake and irritating them. They call the police to come. but constantly claims that he is delayed. As his kids go to school the new neighbors are moving in. when a car hit her on a highway. officer and a virulent racist with a short temper. Abel watches from his home nearby. Chris discovers the cell phone under their bed. Wildfires rage in the hills surrounding the community. Unbeknownst to them.''Lakeview Terrace'' 84 Plot The movie opens on a family breakfast in a large suburban home in the hills of Los Angeles County. and is upset. Chris’s first exchanges with Turner have somewhat hostile undertones. Abel shoots Lisa's car and she . which leads to her falling on her head. The wildfires are not contained and the neighborhood is instructed to pack a few things and leave their homes. Chris and Lisa Mattson (Patrick Wilson and Kerry Washington). Chris rushes to the injured Lisa. Abel's informant Clarence Darlington (Keith Loneker) is sent to trash their home. he is also a single father of two children. wondering what she was doing out in that area. Abel attends a housewarming party hosted by Chris and Lisa. Lisa and Chris unexpectedly return from the hospital and Abel returns to his home. and Abel comes upon his hired criminal trying to escape and shoots him twice in the chest and once in the back. because acrimony with a police officer may mean trouble for them. He dials the last number logged on the phone and hears Abel answer. Abel comes over with his gun drawn. He is hosing off his roof and does not want to leave. and they shine into Chris and Lisa's window. When Chris has the opportunity to discuss this. killing him. This brings a rift into their marriage. It turns out that the new homeowners are a young interracial couple. and as he finishes his drink. Later Chris goes to a local bar. He enters the Mattsons' home. Chris realizes Abel is responsible for the break-in. Abel arrives home to see this spectacle. Chris and Abel continue their feud with Abel hosting a loud bachelor party while the kids are away with their aunt. They suspect Abel. Chris thanks Abel for helping him. Marcus (Jaishon Fisher) and Celia (Regine Nehy). She thinks Chris is being shortsighted. Before he can find it. if they wish. Jackson) is a veteran L. Abel Turner (Samuel L. indicating problems between the two since he got engaged to Lisa. Their conversation eventually leads into a heated exchange between Chris and his father-in-law. tries to express a sense of community with Abel. Chris and Lisa have dinner with Lisa's father.A. and he leaves for work angry. on things ranging from the environment to police brutality. He and Chris struggle and Chris tells Lisa to take the car and perp's phone and get the police. at that time with her white boss. The following night. but does not plan to move.D. Chris races home when he hears his burglar alarm go off with a frustrated Abel following him. He is garrulous but has an edge. and picks it up. Chris and Lisa have sex in their swimming pool. implicating him in the break-in. trying to convince him that the perpetrator was a police enemy and was trying to set Abel up. Chris installs plants at the fence between their houses.

."[9] Dennis Harvey of Variety said that Lakeview Terrace "delivers fairly tense and engrossing drama" but "succumb[s] to thriller convention. overheat and spill into silliness.. and Abel hides his gun behind his back and tries to convince them Chris is unbalanced. by asking about his wife's death and how he was not able to recognize that she had become unfaithful to him. The fun of Lakeview Terrace is not in what happens but in how it happens.[3] The scene where Abel Turner comes out of the police station to talk to his partner and other police officers. The police arrive. This leads to a standoff. Some will leave feeling vaguely uneasy. but is told he will live.R. saying that "the first two-thirds of Lakeview . Jackson as Abel Turner Kerry Washington as Lisa Mattson Jaishon Fisher as Marcus Turner Regine Nehy as Celia Turner Jay Hernandez as Javier Villareal Keith Loneker as Clarence Darlington Ron Glass as Harold Perreau Caleeb Pinkett as Damon Richards Justin Chambers as Donnie Eaton Juan Diaz as Steele Lynn Chen as Eden Filming locations The majority of the movie was filmed in Walnut. and rife with comic disturbance. Infuriated. Lakeview Terrace is a conventional suspense thriller. Jones of the Chicago Reader called the film "one of the toughest racial dramas to come out of Hollywood since the fires died down—much tougher. Some won't like it and will be absolutely sure why they don't. Chris tackles Abel and gets his gun. for instance.."[10] Anthony Lane of The New Yorker said that "the first hour of the film . Rotten Tomatoes reported that 48% of critics gave positive reviews based on 147 reviews. He and Lisa later talk about their pride in their home. then runs to help Lisa out of the car.[6] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film a very positive review. I find movies [7] like this alive and provoking. 85 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Patrick Wilson as Chris Mattson Samuel L. Film production can be viewed on Google's Street View." but added that "the later stages . awarding it his highest rating of four stars (out of four) and saying: "Some will find it exciting. and soon-to-be family. Abel shoots Chris."[8] J. necessary. Chris is taken to an ambulance with a gunshot wound to the chest. Chris finally throws Abel off. & 126th St. California on the corner of Grevillea Ave." Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle also enjoyed the film.[4] Reception Critical reaction to Lakeview Terrace has been mixed. than Paul Haggis's hand-wringing Oscar winner Crash. neighborhood. Some will find it an opportunity for an examination of conscience. but is then gunned down by his fellow police officers on the scene. but the details kick it up a notch. California on N Deer Creek Dr. critics gave a 46% approval rating based on 28 reviews. was filmed in Hawthorne.. with Chris holding Abel's gun and Abel now holding a second gun from his leg holster.[5] On Metacritic. saying: "In its overall shape and message.. Some will hate elements that others can't even see. Chris won't drop his weapon until Abel puts his down and Abel insists that he is unarmed. but their reasons will not agree.''Lakeview Terrace'' crashes into a parked car. Some will only see a thriller. ."[11] James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave the film two stars out of four. feels dangerous.. and I'm exhilarated to have my thinking challenged at every step of the way.

It raised $20.Google Maps" (http:/ / maps.729.420 units. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2009-08-10. boxofficemojo. 2008 [8] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. The New Yorker [12] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www.Google Maps" (http:/ / maps.194. sfgate. htm [2] (http:/ / www. Jones. Pictures" (http:/ / www. generic. [5] "Lakeview Terrace Movie Reviews. the film grossed $15 million placing it at number one in the United States. ."[13] Sura Wood of The Hollywood Reporter said: "[The idea of] a black actor cast as the virulent bigot. and the clichés of the genre take over.2 million in other territories.79. . dll/ article?AID=/ 20080918/ REVIEWS/ 809180303).5). com/ review/ VE1117938230. Mick LaSalle.. The Hollywood Reporter [15] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / online. ReelViews [13] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. php?identifier=1336). 036279. html). boston. Retrieved 2009-02-15. boxofficemojo. Sura Wood. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?view=& yr=2008& wknd=38& p=. Metacritic. rottentomatoes. dumb."[14] Joe Morgenstern of The Wall Street Journal gave it one half of a star out of five. boxofficemojo. 861971& panoid=JH4AVg5Zz4FWXOiKemuDcA& cbp=12. Retrieved 2008-09-21. . Wesley Morris. + Walnut. hollywoodreporter. [4] "Grevillea Ave. Box Office Mojo. jsp?rid=11631). com/ film/ titles/ lakeviewterrace). 013672& ie=UTF8& ll=33. 47475. Boston Globe [14] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. Joe Morgenstern. google.-117. Retrieved 2008-11-26. 2009 and sold 1. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& query=Lakeview+ Terrace). metacritic. Dennis Harvey. and 126th St. 677068& sspn=44. Google."[15] On its opening weekend. suntimes. Google. Variety [11] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. [9] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www.+ CA& ie=UTF8& split=0& gl=us& ei=sGGYSdnTCtG3tweglKS0Cw& z=16& iwloc=addr& layer=c& cbll=34.0. soon devolves into an increasingly foul litany of events.4 million worldwide. making $42. [7] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / rogerebert. but the conversations go nowhere. com/ article/ SB122177747252654291. com/ movies/ ?id=lakeviewterrace.119.[16] The film grossed $39. 354069& spn=0. com/ hr/ film/ reviews/ article_display. [6] "Lakeview Terrace (2008):Reviews" (http:/ / www. CA . com/ watch?v=IcVVM4QECOI& feature=related) [3] "N Deer Creek Dr. htm). php . Retrieved 2008-09-21. James Berardinelli. 001429. com/ features/ stories/ moviereviews/ 080918/ ).R. reelviews. with the object of his campaign of harassment the young interracial couple who move in next door. com/ m/ 10009236-lakeview_terrace/ ). but the climax is loud. Roger Ebert. com/ cgi-bin/ article. com/ apps/ pbcs. chicagoreader. . .[17] 86 DVD sales Lakeview Terrace was released on January 27. 002411& t=h& z=19). youtube. absent a sense of place and populated by repellent or weak characters. CA . com/ movies/ ?id=lakeviewterrace. 2008-09-21. com/ maps?f=q& source=s_q& hl=en& geocode=& q=90250& sll=37.-95. 0625. But the film. net/ php_review_template. Retrieved 2008-11-26. the-numbers. google. newyorker."[12] Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe said that "the movie might have something to say about black racism.0.[18] References [1] http:/ / www. could be viewed as a novel twist. San Francisco Chronicle.-118. 78400537319727. [18] http:/ / www. com/ movies/ 2008/ LAKVW-DVD. com/ maps?hl=en& q=N+ Deer+ Creek+ Dr. com/ movies/ display?display=movie& id=11269). and called the film a "joyless and airless suspense thriller. 917602.''Lakeview Terrace'' Terrace offer a little more subtlety and complexity than the seemingly straightforward premise would afford. September 18. htm). DTL& type=movies). com/ arts/ critics/ cinema/ 2008/ 09/ 22/ 080922crci_cinema_lane?currentPage=1). J. . variety. Rotten Tomatoes. Wall Street Journal [16] "Weekend Box Office Results from 9/19 to 9/21" (http:/ / www. slightly more than the film's budget.117. [17] "Lakeview Terrace (2008)" (http:/ / www. Chicago Reader [10] Lakeview Terrace review (http:/ / www. Walnut. Chicago Sun-Times. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2008/ 09/ 18/ DDMK1290A2. and over-the-top.2 million in the United States and Canada and $3. Anthony Lane. wsj.

''Lakeview Terrace'' 87 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.com/movies/?id=lakeviewterrace.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Movies/09/21/ boxoffice.allmovie.com/work/386281) at Allmovie Lakeview Terrace (http://www.com/lakeviewterrace) Lakeview Terrace (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Lakeview Terrace debuts in top spot at box office (http://www.rottentomatoes.com/title/tt0947802/) at the Internet Movie Database Lakeview Terrace (http://www.imdb.html) CNN .cnn.boxofficemojo.ap/index.sony.com/m/10009236/) at Rotten Tomatoes Lakeview Terrace (http://www.

''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' 88 Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film) Star Wars: The Clone Wars Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Dave Filoni • • • • • George Lucas Catherine Winder Henry Gilroy Steven Melching Scott Murphy Narrated by Starring Tom Kane • • • • • • • • • • Matt Lanter James Arnold Taylor Ashley Eckstein Tom Kane Dee Bradley Baker Christopher Lee Samuel L.844[1] . 2008 Running time Country Language Budget 98 minutes United States English $8. Jackson Anthony Daniels Kevin Kiner John Williams (Theme) Music by Studio Lucasfilm Animation Distributed by Warner Bros. Release date(s) August 15.182.5 million Gross revenue $69.

She decides to contact Jabba's uncle. Distributed by Warner Bros. Kevin Kiner was hired to compose brand new music. as Caravan of Courage received a cinematic release there in 1984) and is the first animated theatrical film for the franchise. 89 Plot The Separatists control the majority of the hyperlanes. while screening in wide-release on August 14. while also being the first theatrical Star Wars film to be directed by someone other than George Lucas since Return of the Jedi's Richard Marquand. but discover that he is ill. On the planet of Teth. while Obi-Wan flies to Tatooine to assure Jabba that Rotta will be retrieved. Star Wars: The Clone Wars is the seventh Star Wars feature film to be released in theaters in North America (the eighth in Europe. the film premiered on August 10. though Ventress flees in the face of capture. On board the derelict ship. Faced with a long trek across desert sands and relentless opponents. who hopes to frame the Jedi for Rotta's disappearance (and possible death). The battle soon commences yet again. He sends his assassin. With the help of Obi-Wan Kenobi and Anakin Skywalker. with the Separatist forces advancing behind an expanding shield that artillery can't penetrate. Senator Padmé Amidala learns of Anakin's mission and fears for his safety. The Republic needs Jabba on their side to ensure unfettered travel through Jabba's trade routes. Canada and the United Kingdom. Instead. but a chance call by C-3PO enables her to summon help. however. leading into the TV series of the same name. and Ziro is arrested. alerted by Anakin. the fate of the few remaining clone soldiers are in the hands of Obi-Wan and Anakin. It is also the only theatrical Star Wars film not scored by John Williams. But they have been caught in a trap by Count Dooku. Anakin and Ahsoka succeed in penetrating the enemy lines while Obi-Wan stalls for time by holding a fake surrender negotiation with the droid army commander. The film is also the first to be distributed by Warner Bros. In the meantime. but without the needed reinforcements. The film is set in the same time period as 2003 Clone Wars television show. a fierce battle is taking place on the crystalline planet of Christophsis between the Republic's small clone army and the Retail Clan forces. as the droid army soon returns. who lives in a shady part of Coruscant. 2008. With no communications or the ability to fly in reinforcements. Meanwhile. Asajj Ventress. Anakin and Ahsoka are attacked and shot down. The Hutt refuses to cooperate. thereby ending any chance of the Republic striking a deal with Jabba.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' Star Wars: The Clone Wars is a 2008 CGI animated science fiction/action film that takes place within the Star Wars saga. Upon their arrival on Tatooine. gaining the Republic an early victory. which debuted on October 3. Anakin. Obi-Wan. Ziro. who insists that she has been sent by Master Yoda to serve under Anakin. soon discovers that Ziro has actually conspired with Dooku to engineer the downfall of his nephew in order to seize power over the Hutt clans. 2008 at the Grauman's Egyptian Theatre. though. Anakin devises a ruse: he confronts Dooku while carrying a decoy Rotta. leaving Republic forces stranded in different parts of the Outer Rim. requiring them to get him help immediately. Padmé. A shuttle arrives. putting the crime lord in the Separatists' debt. The Clone Wars is intended to act as an introduction to the television series of the same name. instead of 20th Century Fox. it is a young Padawan named Ahsoka Tano. Soon after the final victory for the Republic on Christophsis. Yoda arrives and brings the Jedi up to date on the situation concerning Jabba's son. which was combined with selected John Williams themes from previous Star Wars movies. They find Rotta. Ahsoka manages to cure Rotta by the use of medical supplies on board. then to recapture the young Hutt and return it to Jabba. Padmé is discovered and detained. to secure fake evidence of the Jedi's supposed double dealing. and August 15 in the United States. Ahsoka and their clones assault a monastery that sits atop a high stone pillar. leaving . Anakin and Ahsoka manage to escape the trap along with R2-D2 and hijack a derelict transport which they use to travel to Tatooine. the clones steadily advance on the Separatists' forces. Jabba the Hutt's son Rotta is kidnapped as part of a plot to make the Hutts join the Separatists. arrives just in time to relieve the clone forces and engages Ventress in a lightsaber duel where he manages to defeat her. 2008 across Australia. It doesn't last long.. apparently believing that it is the Jedi who are responsible for the situation. Anakin and Ahsoka are tasked with retrieving the child.

Jackson. With the truth now revealed to him. Just before they can be shot down. Anakin and Ahsoka are triumphantly retrieved by Obi-Wan and Yoda. and Anthony Daniels reprise their roles from the previous films. Frustrated. Jabba agrees to allow the Republic to use his trade routes. Jabba orders Anakin and Ahsoka to be executed. Dooku activates a mini holo-image projector. Padmé contacts Jabba with the news that Ziro has agreed to admit working together with Dooku in having Rotta kidnapped. showing Ahsoka nearing defeat. With their mission accomplished. Just as Anakin is about to be shot down by the guards. holds it at Jabba's throat. While Anakin fights Dooku. Anakin activates his lightsaber. Dooku then explains that the Magnaguards are there to kill Rotta. Christopher Lee. having defeated the Magnaguards. Anakin abandons the fight to help her. with Rotta. Samuel L. Jackson Nika Futterman Anthony Daniels Ian Abercrombie Catherine Taber Corey Burton David Acord Kevin Michael Richardson Jabba the Hutt Matthew Wood Battle droids General Grievous . and bring Ahsoka to Jabba for punishment for Rotta's murder.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' Ahsoka and R2-D2 to take the real Rotta to Jabba's palace. Believing that Ahsoka's life is in danger. As Anakin and Dooku fight. After Rotta is handed over to Jabba. 90 Cast While this film does not feature the original cast from the prequel trilogy. and the Jedi framed for the crime. Matthew Wood. Ahsoka is ambushed by three Magnaguards. Anakin arrives at Jabba's palace to find that Ahsoka did not yet arrive with Rotta. and demands Jabba tell him what he has done with Ahsoka. Ahsoka enters. Actor Matt Lanter Ashley Eckstein James Arnold Taylor Tom Kane Role Anakin Skywalker Ahsoka Tano Obi-Wan Kenobi 4A-7 Yoda Narrator Admiral Yularen Count Dooku/Darth Tyranus Captain Rex Commander Cody Clone troopers Mace Windu Asajj Ventress TC-70 C-3PO Palpatine/Darth Sidious Padmé Amidala Whorm Loathsom Ziro the Hutt Rotta the Huttlet Christopher Lee Dee Bradley Baker Samuel L.

[9] Lucas also decided to create the animated film and series from a live-action perspective. Essentially. when Anakin and Ahsoka are trying to destroy the shield generator. had tracked the series' development from the beginning.7F release.. why don't we just go and use the crew and make a feature?"[5] Lucas described the film was "almost an afterthought. and Lucasfilm Animation used Autodesk software to animate both the film and the series using the Maya 3D modeling program to create highly detailed worlds. and the supermarionation of the British 1960s series Thunderbirds.[10] In charge was Steward Lee. when Anakin. "Sometimes George works in strange ways. 3. 2. before landing and being destroyed by the Jedi.[4] Deleted Scenes On the 2-disc DVD. Ventress comes into the room where Anakin."[6] Producer Catherine Winder said the sudden decision added to an already large challenge of establishing a show "of this sophistication and complexity.[3] Warner Bros. R2D2 activates a trap door that Anakin. In another extend scene. Ventress stings the rancor on the behind and purses Anakin. Portions of the Anakin/Ventress fight scene were also cut. Rotta and R2D2 arrive at the backdoor landing platform. and Lucas decided on a theatrical launch after viewing early footage[4] declaring "This is so beautiful. The scene follows them jumping about and taking cover under the tanks before they get back under the box. because he wanted the film and characters to have its own unique style. He also felt it should not look like the popular Pixar movies such as The Incredibles. but a vulture droid destroys it.7F Those first few episodes.[2] George Lucas had the idea for a film after viewing some of the completed footage of the early episodes on the big screen. but Ahsoka accidentally releases a rancor which tries to eat her and Rotta. in addition to some droids.[8] The film's animation style was designed to pay homage to the stylized looks of both Japanese anime and manga. Jabba insists that no treaty be discussed till Rotta is returned safe and sound. originally planned for release on television. they lose the box they were hiding under as they come across some Federation tanks. 1. and relying on editing instead of storyboards. working as the storyboard artist during filming. on Tatooine. said of the decision. Anakin and Ventress continue their fight. Meanwhile.7FUNIQ-ref-3-01700c83f1037d54-QINU. The story of the kidnapped Hutt was inspired by the Sonny Chiba samurai film titled: "Shogun’s Shadow". Ahsoka. which Winder said.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' 91 Production Filming Star Wars: The Clone Wars was designed to serve as both a stand-alone story and a lead-in to the weekly animated TV series of the same name. it "meant using long camera shots. aggressive lighting techniques. Ahsoka. Lucas said he did not want the Clones Wars film or television series to look like such movies as Beowulf. Rotta and R2D2 are trying to find a landing platform. Rotta and R2D2 escape. ."[7] but she felt it was a good way to start the series. In an extended scene at the beginning. It also shows Obi-Wan telling his clone troopers to hold the droids back as long as they can. characters and creatures. Ahsoka. Anakin calls for a gunship. Ahsoka. Anakin and Ventress fight on the rancor's head until Ventress falls off and the rancor lands on her.7FUNIQ-ref-2-01700c83f1037d54-QINU. Ahsoka picks R2D2 back up after the fight. and thought budgetary constraints forced the production team to think outside the box in a positive way. Dooku tells Jabba that his droids are near to beating Anakin and returning his son.[7] Lucasfilm Ltd."[5] Howard Roffman. At a Cartoon Network-hosted discussion. Ventress and Rotta fall into. He suggests discussing a treaty between the Hutts and the Separatist."[7] Animators also reviewed designs from the original 2003 Clone Wars series when creating the animation style for the film and the new series. In this scene. were then weaved together to form the theatrical . there are some deleted and extended scenes. president of Lucas Licensing. set it apart from other CGI films. because he wanted a stylized look rather than a realistic one. Anakin.

Comics and books Dark Horse Comics published a six-issue digest-sized comic book mini-series. published by DK.[12] The original motion picture soundtrack was released by Sony Classical on August 12. and more than 225 of the stores opened at midnight for the debut of the Star Wars products. said the sudden decision to release the Clone Wars film required the company to temporarily delay plans for two other Star Wars comic book series. Hasbro released several 3 3/4-inch Clone Wars action figures. The disc begins with the main theme by John Williams. Christopher Lee and Samuel L. Dark Times and Rebellion. the trading cards company. an electronic clone trooper helmet. released a series of 90 Clone Wars cards on July 26.[14] Toys "R" Us mounted digital clocks in all 585 of its stores that counted down to the release of the Clone Wars toys. animation cel cards and rare sketch cards by top Star Wars artists and Lucasfilm animators. including synthesizers. Also released was the Clone Wars: The Visual Guide. 2008. When questioned by The New York Times about Star Wars merchandising in July 2006. Lucas Licensing did not have time to enter into agreements with previous Star Wars marketing partners like Pepsi. Two of the Toys "R" Us flagship outlets in Mission Bay. San Diego and Times Square in Manhattan. erhus. McDonald's held its first ever Happy Meal promotion for a Star Wars movie and for four weeks. The Clone Wars comics did not receive the promotional campaign it otherwise would have due to the abruptness of the theatrical and comic book releases. motion cards. but manages to destroy the vulture droids on their tail. a Pepsi spokesperson was unaware a new Star Wars film was even being released.[16] DK Publishing and the Penguin Group released books. When she gets back to the cockpit.S. Target and KB Toys also devoted shelf space for Clone Wars toys. and an electronic All Terrain Tactical Enforcer (AT-TE). Star Trek: Enterprise. followed by more than 30 separate music cues composed by Kevin Kiner.[11] Some actors from the live-action films. The publishers also released a . Ahsoka goes to the cargo bay to open the doors and nearly falls out.[6] Food Due to the Lucas's sudden decision to make the film. Jackson.[13] Marketing Toys Star Wars: The Clone Wars merchandise was first released on July 26. with which the Lucasfilm licensing company had a 10-year marketing plan for the other films. and Star Wars: The Clone Wars in the UK. On August 15. A section of the Toys "R" Us website was also dedicated to The Clone Wars. published by Puffin and in the U. Burger King and Kellogg's. Superboy and CSI: Miami. and gave away limited-edition Star Wars toys with every purchase. but did not hold midnight releases or pursue the branding opportunities Toys "R" Us did.[15] Topps. ouds and taikos. New York City held costume and trivia contests on July 26. duduks. a customizable lightsaber. 92 Music and soundtrack The film's music was composed by Kevin Kiner. 18 exclusive toys came in specially designed Happy Meal [6] boxes. returned to vocally reprise their roles of their respective characters. including Anthony Daniels. 2008. vice president of publishing for Dark Horse. which also included foil cards. activities and other merchandise that tied in with the film. The soundtrack uses many instruments never heard before in a Star Wars score. Anakin points out that she could have just used the cargo bay door release controls in the cockpit. In a further extended scene when Anakin and Ahsoka are escaping Teth in the Twilight.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' 4. electric guitars. Randy Stradley.[11] Kiner is known for his work on such television series as Stargate SG-1. Matthew Wood. by Grosset & Dunlap. Anakin says they must jettison everything in the cargo hold.

iPhones and MP3 players) was also released. The #26 car."[24] The Clone Wars car was the second collaboration between Lucasfilm. It premiered as an Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull car at the Indianapolis 500 in May 2008. One review claimed it improved upon a Darth Vader MP3 player released in July 2008.[17] At the American International Toy Fair. "I just don't think it was a very good performance for us today. in which the George Lucas Empire Strikes Back—at the audience. The same reviews were reposted on the site the .[25] Entertainment Weekly listed Star Wars: The Clone Wars as one [26] with critic Owen Gleiberman saying "It's hard to tell the droids from the Jedi of the five worst films of 2008.uk said his expectations for the Jedi Alliance were low due to poor Clone Wars movie reviews. he added. Lego announced a product line for the film and the TV series. and even the made-for-television Ewok movies and the much-derided The Star Wars Holiday Special garnered higher ratings."[26] The Clone Wars received a 19% approval rating (earning a "rotten" rating) among 150 reviews compiled at the Rotten Tomatoes site.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' storybook. Because this movie has bad lightsaber duels and the lack of the original cast. but pulled them down due to an embargo placed on those attending the screening its writers attended. a silver one with Captain Rex and a Galactic Empire logo on it. which also included Blockbuster Inc.[22] Racing sponsorship A Star Wars: The Clone Wars open wheel car for the IndyCar Series was unveiled at the 2008 San Diego Comic-Con International.[21] A Star Wars iPod iSpeaker (a speaker/dock for iPods. although their averages encompassed far fewer reviews.co.[23] Reception Critical response The film received negative reviews from critics. Andretti said. Blockbuster and Andretti Green Racing. it's something you want to escape from. but he found the game "a varied and well-paced experience. The player includes one gigabyte of memory. to be released in July 2008 in the United States and on August 2008 in the United Kingdom.[19] A reviewer from PocketGamer. picture books and an activity book. which Andretti attributed to a slow pit stop early in the race."[23] The car finished 14th at Infineon. "I'm hoping that my upcoming battle at Infineon will be as exciting as anything in a Star Wars movie so I can win it for both Blockbuster and Lucasfilm. and a 12% among 25 "Top Critics. and one with two Clone troopers on Coruscant. which featured only 512 megabytes of memory and a dated visual display. earning it the status "generally negative. drones in this robotic animated dud. the movie scored 35% based on 30 reviews."[25] [27] This constituted by far the lowest Rotten Tomatoes rating of any Star Wars film. which holds 200 songs or 20 hours of music and comes with three interchangeable faceplates: a green one with Yoda and a lightsaber on it.[18] 93 Video games The LucasArts video game developer adapted the movie into Star Wars: The Clone Wars – Jedi Alliance for the Nintendo DS and Star Wars: The Clone Wars – Lightsaber Duels for Wii. What wears you out is Lucas' immersion in a Star Wars cosmology that has grown so obsessive-compulsively cluttered yet trivial that it's no longer escapism.[28] At Metacritic. the previous six theatrical films ranged from 63% to 97%."[29] Ain't It Cool News posted two reviews of the film during the week before its release."[20] Portable media players A Star Wars: The Clone Wars MP3 player was released in August 2008. The speaker includes an image of Captain Rex and three other Clone Troopers. decals and was driven by Andretti Green Racing driver Marco Andretti. ran August 24 on the Infineon Raceway in the Sonoma Mountains in California.

[31] [32] [34] [35] [36] [40] [41] some reviewers drew negative comparisons to 1960s marionette-based shows Thunderbirds and Fireball XL5. non-engaging."[32] McCarthy said "the movements.[41] Puig. "This isn't the Star Wars we've always known and at least sometimes loved. look mechanical.[34] [35] [36] Linda Barnard."[40] Jason Anderson. and out-of-date. a bit more blah-blah. '. a spaceship dogfight. a problem also in some of the live-action incarnations. of the Toronto Star.[34] [37] [41] [42] although George Lucas previously said the animation style was a deliberate homage to such shows. said she enjoyed the character and that "her repartee with Anakin enlivens things. wooden. and on and on."[43] Roger Ebert said "the characters have hair that looks molded from Play-Doh."[31] Many critics also said that the battle scenes were repetitive and lacked tension. writing that whereas the original Star Wars movies dedicated time to allowing viewers to get to know the characters. which Ebert said was limited to "simplistic declamations"[32] and Claudia Puig of USA Today described as "stilted and overblown. of the New York Post."[35] Joe Neumiar. right about now somebody would say. an invasion."[36] Remember how people talked about the Star Wars prequels like they were the worst movies ever made. also described the lack of character development in the film. McCarthy said it allowed for "somewhat more dramatic compositions and color schemes.. And now [George Lucas is] out to stick it to those too young to know about Jar Jar Binks.[30] Several critics compared The Clone Wars to a Saturday morning cartoon[31] [32] [33] and described it as little more than a plug for the upcoming animated series.I've got a bad feeling about this. "If this were a true Star Wars film. "The best that can be said about the movie is that it's harmless and mostly charmless. of the New York Daily News."[38] Carrie Rickey. The Clone Wars is to Star Wars what karaoke is to pop music."[35] Reviewers also criticized the dialogue. critic Owen Gleiberman gave the movie an F grade and wrote."[31] .[36] although she said the characters "move as you would imagine the statues at a waxworks might.[31] [32] [35] [38] [44] McCarthy described the action sequences as "a little exposition. when really. of The Philadelphia Inquirer." But some of the same reviewers who criticized the animation acknowledged some positive elements about it. come on. wrote.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' day of the film's release."[35] Linda Stasi. "George Lucas is turning into the enemy of fun. however. bodies that seem arthritic. of the Globe and Mail. said the scenery and backgrounds were "vivid and alive". of The Hollywood Reporter."[32] and Michael Rechtshaffen. both of the characters and the compositions. said the movie "pretty much drives a stake into the heart of every loyal fan of the movies.'"[37] In his review for Entertainment Weekly."[35] and Carrie Rickey. of The Philadelphia Inquirer. wrote that although The Clone Wars is intended for younger audiences." Variety magazine reviewer Todd McCarthy said. Drew McWeeny said that his review was positive and that no such conspiracy existed. Eric D. said the attempts of humor amid the bickering between Tano and Anakin Skywalker are "strained". and moving lips on half-frozen faces—all signs that shortcuts were taken in the animation work.[9] Tom Long of The Detroit News said the animation "is downright weak compared to what's generally seen on screens these days"[43] and said the characters are so stiff they look like they were "carved by Pinocchio's father. some more exposition. they weren't THAT bad? The Clone Wars actually IS that bad. and the mostly familiar characters have all the facial expressiveness of Easter Island statues. a lightsaber fight. The retraction prompted some readers to allege a conspiracy by LucasFilm to keep negative press out of circulation until the release of the film.  — Film critic.. Snider [39] 94 Many criticized the animation as cheap. "parents may be perturbed by the film's relentless violence."[44] Ebert also found protagonist Ahsoka Tano "annoying. but although the review by site creator Harry Knowles was negative. "Director Dave Filoni is so concentrated on the action that we're never given the chance to care who lives and who is blown into spare parts. said.

Starwars. two-disc Special Edition DVD.. Entertainment Weekly." (http:/ / www. 2008. head of distribution for Warner Bros.3749545. August 21. Retrieved May 11. htm). . Retrieved on August 17. com/ 2008/ 07/ 01/ business/ media/ 01adco. com/ pInterview_7_Gilroy. com/ index.com. 2008. August 26. "George Lucas Talks 'Clone Wars' (http:/ / www." (http:/ / starwarsblog. Starwarsblog. org/ archives/ 2008/ 08/ 21/ 095020. 2008. as do the toys.[50] [51] The film was released as a single-disc DVD. "Animated 'Star Wars' to hit theaters" (http:/ / www."[47] When The Clone Wars dropped to $5. respectively. com/ index. The Clone Wars earned $69. latimes." (http:/ / blogcritics. 2008. . html?_r=1& oref=slogin) The New York Times. Broadcasting & Cable. [6] Quenqua. 2008. html). "It was targeted to a specific audience for specific reasons. html#rss). Retrieved on November 12.20184842. [2] "The Official Star Wars Blog >> Report from Wonder-Con: Lucasfilm Presentation (Part 3)" (http:/ / starwarsblog. . including $35. blogspot. and Blu-ray Disc. 2010. galacticbinder.starwars. behind Tropic Thunder and The Dark Knight. [4] Diane Garrett (February 11. which earned $25.00. story). html) GalacticBinder. Retrieved on September 3. com/ entertainment/ news/ movies/ la-et-lucas7-2008may07. "Music Review: 'Star Wars: The Clone Wars' Soundtrack.182. 2008). . Kiko. net/ news. extranews. 2008). Retrieved on September 3. starwars. starwars. 2008. com/ 2008/ 04/ ffpt-interviews-randy-stradley.844 worldwide. Los Angeles Times. blogspot. Retrieved June 17. 2008."[48] The film also earned $22. variety. ContactMusic. Douglas. . February 23.com. "Hispanic animator helps create new Star Wars universe. Alex. asp?layout=blog& blog_id=1380000138& blog_post_id=1960024396). nytimes. Retrieved June 17. boxofficemojo.22 million on its opening day.[49] Home media The film's 2-disc DVD and Blu-ray Disc was released on November 11. starwars.5 million. and with feature-length audio commentary.com (http:/ / www. "Clone Wars proved a galactic task for production team. [12] Geoff Boucher (May 7. [13] Matthews. 2008.290 in foreign grosses. php?nid=4031) Extra (http:/ / www. Box Office. 2008. 2008.360 from DVD sales in the US. com). [7] Lupick. February 17. 2008. html). 2008. Retrieved on September 3. com/ article-158377/ clone-wars-galactic-task) The Georgia Straight. in the UK.com described it as "the first bona fide Star Wars flop. Blake.161. 2008. . August 27.6 million in its second week of release. Fellman said. [5] Joshua Rich (March 17. html) Star Wars Undercity Portugal (http:/ / fanforcept. straight.[45] Dan Fellman. August 21. and because the movie was meant to introduce the animated series. com). July 9. Pictures.8 million and $16. Retrieved March 28.3 million. 2008." (http:/ / www. The standard-definition versions include the film in widescreen format with Dolby Digital 5. We accomplished that mission. 2008). 2008.' Indiana Jones" (http:/ / www. 2008. Retrieved on August 21. "George Lucas on 'Star Wars. Retrieved May 11.[52] References [1] "Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008)" (http:/ / www. 2008. [14] "Hasbro's Clone Wars figures at Toy Fair. 2010. [15] "Undercity Interviews – Randy Stradley. com/ index. July 1. net). [9] Weprin. said the box office performance met expectations because two-thirds of the audience were families and the budget for the film was $8. com/ . com/ ew/ article/ 0." (http:/ / www. Retrieved on September 3. com).[46] It was the third-highest earning film of the weekend. com/ vault/ collecting/ news20080709. April 3.021. site/ news/ Stock News/ 1845253/ ) TradingMarkets. tradingmarkets. [3] Star Wars: The Clone Wars Interview With Henry Gilroy (http:/ / www. php) Blogcritics. August 15. frugal considering it was a CGI film. extranews. tradingmarkets.5 million on 3. [8] "Autodesk Maya software serves as animation platform for new Star Wars: The Clone Wars animated feature film and TV series. 2008.725. com/ VR1117980757. Retrieved on September 3. php/ 2008/ 02/ 17/ hasbros-clone-wars/ ) The Official Star Wars Blog (http:/ / starwarsblog. broadcastingcable. 2010. starwars.0. Travis.[45] including $6. [11] ""'The Clone Wars' Soundtrack"" (http:/ / www.[1] The film earned $15.554 in domestic box office grosses and $34. 2008.1 Surround EX sound. 2008. com/ movies/ ?id=starwarsclonewars. Retrieved April 15. "George Lucas: 'Star Wars' won't go beyond Darth Vader" (http:/ / www. "The Force lives on. ew." (http:/ / www. 2008. 2009. 2008. Retrieved on September 3. [10] Martinez. and it will continue in another medium. April 1.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' 95 Box office The movie was a moderate box office success despite negative reviews from mainstream critics. php/ 2008/ 02/ 23/ report-from-wonder-con-lucasfilm-presentation-part-3/ ). Variety. in the United States and on December 8. ." (http:/ / fanforcept. 2008.590 screens in its opening weekend.

film. rottentomatoes. theglobeandmail. Entertainment Weekly.0. 2008. "Film Review: 'Star Wars: The Clone Wars'" (http:/ / www. suntimes. htm). htm) USA Today. Retrieved on September 3. com/ entertainment/ movies/ 2008/ 08/ 14/ 2008-08-14_clone_wars_waters_down_star_wars_empire. Linda. (http:/ / www. [38] Gleiberman. 2008. Retrieved on September 3. com/ games/ theclonewars/ ) LucasArts. "'Clone Wars' waters down 'Star Wars' empire" (http:/ / www. story) Newsday." (http:/ / www. Retrieved on August 17. August 14. 2008. html) Topps. Iss. 2008. Retrieved on September 2.pcid1=. starwars. rottentomatoes. usatoday. html). Retrieved on August 17. [39] Snider. (http:/ / gizmodo." (http:/ / shop.''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' [16] "TOPPS Entertainment Brands – Star Wars The Clone Wars. Retrieved on August 17. Owen. 2008. paddocktalk. 2008. com/ ew/ article/ 0. 2008. paddocktalk. html). thestar. August 15. Retrieved on September 3. [37] Neumaier.co. "Review: 'Clone Wars' Is the Worst 'Star Wars' Event Since the 'Christmas Special'" (http:/ / www. 2008. Rotten Tomatoes. html) StarWars. [22] "Star Wars: The Clone Wars iSpeaker. 2008." (http:/ / www. 2008. August 15. [21] "Star Wars: The Clone Wars MP3 Player." (http:/ / www. April 29. Retrieved on September 3. 2008. com). 2008.. September 1. com/ review/ VE1117937928. [23] "Unveiling Andretti's Clone Wars car." (http:/ / www. The Hollywood Reporter.. Toronto Star. 2008. Retrieved August 18. 2008. [24] ASkyler. com/ article/ ALeqM5gqDNnskEDJqro-v6cCya31rDqB0gD92G9PS00). August 15. [28] Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www. 2008. wclone15/ BNStory/ Entertainment/ home). [45] "Weekend Box Office Results for August 15–17. [43] Long. Retrieved on August 17. August 25. lucasarts. [30] McWeeny. 2008. Rafer. [41] Rechtshaffen. html?categoryid=31& cs=1). David. Retrieved on August 17. com/ star-wars-the-clone-wars-mp3-player/ ) GeekAlerts. com/ services/ newspaper/ printedition/ friday/ partii/ ny-etstar5800227aug15. Todd. [44] Anderson. hollywoodreporter. com/ seven/ 08152008/ entertainment/ movies/ more_like_clone_bores_124492. Ain't It Cool News (http:/ / www. starwars. 2008. com/ apps/ pbcs. 2008. . August 22. "Animation adds little to 'Clone'" (http:/ / www. film. boxofficemojo. Film. 2008." (http:/ / www. [26] 10 Best Films of 2008: Owen Gleiberman's Picks (http:/ / www. Retrieved on August 17. The Globe and Mail. asp?c=8526) PockerGamer. [17] "Penguin Group and DK Publishing to public Star Wars: The Clone Wars books. aintitcool. in a bad way. 20080815. Michael. Retrieved on September 3. google. metacritic. dll/ article?AID=/ 20080814/ REVIEWS/ 808140301/ 1023) Chicago Sun-Times. [18] "LEGO new Clone Wars sets will excite whoever gets excited by Clone Wars. 2008. Retrieved on August 17. "Review: 'Clone Wars' is fun though forgettable" (http:/ / ap. Retrieved on August 17. 2008. "Where's the force when you need it?" (http:/ / www.com.00. August 22/29. 2008. "'The Clone Wars': Cartoonish. [32] Ebert. com). htm). Jon. Tom. php?op=modload& name=News& file=article& sid=92732) PaddockTalk (http:/ / www. Retrieved on Retrieved on August 17. 2008. uk/ r/ DS/ Star+ Wars+ The+ Clone+ Wars:+ Jedi+ Alliance/ news. 2008.com (http:/ / www. com/ eu/ lit/ young/ news20080429. aintitcool. The Detroit News. 2008. 2008. detnews. [36] Rickey. [35] McCarthy. html). 'More like 'Clone Bores' (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. Retrieved on August 17.00. starwars. dll/ article?AID=/ 20080814/ OPINION03/ 808140416/ 1034/ ENT02). newsday. topps. 2008. 2008. Jason. com/ philly/ entertainment/ movies/ 20080815_Animation_adds_little_to__Clone_. uk/ ). co. "'Clone' can't duplicate success (http:/ / www. 2008. 2008. [20] Jordan. 2008" (http:/ / www. 2008. Retrieved on August 17. 2008. 2008. com/ life/ movies/ reviews/ 2008-08-14-clone-wars_N. August 15. [31] Puig." (http:/ / www. com/ ent/ brands/ SWCW/ SWCW-Web. Claudia. February 16. nydailynews. 2008. "Sonoma: Marco Andretti IRL IndyCar Race Recap. 2008." (http:/ / www. "Star Wars: The Clone Wars (PG)" (http:/ / rogerebert. Life (section). com/ apps/ pbcs.. 2008. Retrieved on August 17. "GC 2008: Hands on with Star Wars The Clone Wars: Jedi Alliance. . Carrie. August 11.Retrieved on August 17. html) StarWars. Roger. Joe. [33] Guzman. [34] Barnard. 2008. Drew. com/ entertainment/ article/ 478875). Variety. August 14. Associated Press. 96 . Box Office Mojo. com/ hr/ film/ reviews/ article_display. com). com/ catalog/ product. "'Star Wars: The Clone Wars' a clunky effort" (http:/ / www. 2008. [42] Germain. com).category_id=. August 10. com/ m/ clone_wars/ ?critic=creamcrop). 2008. com/ movies/ story/ review-clone-wars-worst-star/ 11597472/ 22623348). "Review: 'Star Wars: The Clone Wars'" (http:/ / www. New York Post. ew. 2008. Retrieved on August 17. Retrieved on August 17. pocketgamer. philly. "Star Wars: The Clone Wars (animated)" (http:/ / www. August 15." (http:/ / www. Retrieved on August 17. The Philadelphia Inquirer. com/ film/ titles/ clonewars). August 14. Retrieved on September 3. ew. #1007/1008. geekalerts.20219195. 2008. August 15. 2008. metacritic. com/ m/ clone_wars/ ). jsp?& rid=11497). variety.com. "Regarding The CLONE WARS reviews. Panel 17: Worst films. August 15. 2008. Retrieved June 17. Retrieved on September 3. Pictures" (http:/ / www. [29] "'Star Wars: The Clone Wars' (2008) Reviews (http:/ / www.uk (http:/ / www. August 15. com/ node/ 37885). com). "Movie Review: 'Star Wars: The Clone Wars' (2008)" (http:/ / www. July 23. pocketgamer. com/ ew/ gallery/ 0. [25] "Rotten Tomatoes: The Clone Wars" (http:/ / www.pcid2=) StarWars. nypost. #2 [27] "The Clone Wars Movie Reviews. 2010. html).com. Linda.com. August 24. 2008. xml?product_id=1225138. August 13.20162677_20164091_20247185_16. Metacritic (http:/ / www. New York Daily News. com/ news/ html/ modules. com/ servlet/ story/ RTGAM. 2008.. Retrieved on August 17. 2008. 2008. Retrieved on August 17. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=2008& wknd=33& p=. [19] Star Wars: The Clone Wars video games. [40] Stasi. com/ 357370/ lego-new-clone-wars-sets-will-excite-whoever-gets-excited-by-clone-wars) Gizmodo. com/ fans/ media/ news/ 20080723. 2008. Eric D. 2008.2293692. co.

''Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film)'' [46] "Daily Box Office for Friday. [50] "Star Wars – The Clone Wars [DVD] [2008]: Amazon.co. [47] David Germain (October 17. . 2010. . .starwars.com/theclonewars) Star Wars: The Clone Wars (http://www. Box Office Mojo. [52] "The Clone Wars Movie: On DVD & Blu-Ray November 11" (http:/ / www. php). com/ news. Box Office Mojo. "'Thunder' rumbles past 'Dark Knight' with $26M" (http:/ / ap.com/title/tt1185834/) at the Internet Movie Database Star Wars: The Clone Wars (http://www. Retrieved August 18. google. the-numbers. contactmusic.uk: Dave Filoni: DVD" (http:/ / www. 97 External links • • • • Official website (http://www. August 15.uk: Dave Filoni: DVD" (http:/ / www.com/movies/?id=starwarsclonewars. com/ daily/ chart/ ?sortdate=2008-08-15& p=. 2007. contactmusic. . nsf/ article/ second week of claps for thunder_1078494) ContactMusic. uk/ dp/ B001CEE1XK). 2008). uk/ dp/ B001CEE1XA).boxofficemojo. co.uk. [49] "Star Wars: The Clone Wars" (http:/ / www. Retrieved August 17. amazon.rottentomatoes. Amazon.imdb.co. 2008. Retrieved June 17. 2008.com/m/clone_wars/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Star Wars: The Clone Wars on Wookieepedia (http://starwars. 2010.wikia. Amazon.co. Retrieved June 17. 2008" (http:/ / www.uk. amazon. .com/wiki/ Star_Wars:_The_Clone_Wars_(film)) .allmovie.co. The Numbers." (http:/ / www. 2008. . htm). Retrieved on September 3. com/ movies/ 2008/ SWTCW. starwars.com (http:/ / www. StarWars. com/ article/ ALeqM5jb68x_tOGx8QHjI0Cr6C-Vy79OGgD92K6GF01). Retrieved June 17. September 25. [51] "Star Wars – The Clone Wars [Blu-ray Disc] [2008]: Amazon. com). 2008. com/ theclonewars/ news20080925. August 26. html). [48] "Star Wars – Second week of claps for Thunder. co. 2010. Retrieved April 15.com/work/431442) at Allmovie Star Wars: The Clone Wars (http://www. boxofficemojo. 2010.com.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Star Wars: The Clone Wars (http://www.

222 Iron Man 2 . Terrence Howard Jeff Bridges Gwyneth Paltrow Ramin Djawadi Starring Music by Cinematography Matthew Libatique Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Followed by Dan Lebental Marvel Studios Paramount Pictures May 2.''Iron Man (film)'' 98 Iron Man (film) Iron Man Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Jon Favreau Avi Arad Kevin Feige Mark Fergus and Hawk Ostby Art Marcum Matt Holloway John August Robert Downey Jr. 2008 126 minutes United States English $140 million [1] [1] $585.174.

Yinsen to keep shrapnel from working its way to his heart and killing him. he is also a playboy. Directed by Jon Favreau. were mixed with computer-generated imagery to create the title character. Stark announces that his company will no longer manufacture weapons. takes care of day-to-day operations.''Iron Man (film)'' Iron Man is a 2008 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. Iron Man. Stane advises Stark that this may ruin Stark Industries and his father's legacy. a major military contracting company he inherited from his deceased father. The deadline expires before the suit is fully activated. and he chose to shoot the film primarily in California. Enraged. Downey. reporter Everheart informs him that Stark Industries weapons. Stark begins focusing his energies on building an improved version of his suit as well as a more powerful arc reactor for his chest. as Tony Stark. particularly praising Downey's performance. Stark and Yinsen secretly build a crude suit of armor powered by a miniature arc reactor. only to crash in the desert. before Marvel Studios reacquired the rights in 2006. 2010. The terrorists finally grow impatient and give Stark 24 hours to finish. While his father's old partner. but manages to escape on his own. Afterward. Virginia "Pepper" Potts. Gwyneth Paltrow plays his personal assistant Pepper Potts. While flying home. During his three months of captivity. Favreau signed on as director. and they are quickly dispatched. Downey also made a cameo appearance as Stark in The Incredible Hulk. She discovers Stane has been supplying terrorists with Stark weaponry and hired the Ten Rings to kill Stark. Stark survives. Stark is an inventive genius and wunderkind. Later. The now-armored Stark battles his way out of the caves and finds the dying Yinsen. the film stars Robert Downey Jr. for a demonstration of Stark's new weapon. and New Line Cinema. Reviews were very positive. Stark's military convoy is attacked and he is critically wounded. but the prototype suit is destroyed. During filming. Terrence Howard plays military liaison James Rhodes and Jeff Bridges plays Stark Industries executive Obadiah Stane. aiming for a naturalistic feel. 20th Century Fox. An electromagnet has been embedded in his chest by fellow captive Dr. Obadiah Stane. rejecting the East Coast setting of the comics to differentiate the film from numerous superhero films set in New York City-esque environments. The film is a part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Stark burns all the terrorists' munitions and flies away. Marvel put the project in production as its first self-financed film. He also learns that Stane is trying to oust him from his own company. Favreau and Paltrow returned in the sequel Iron Man 2. Stark sends Potts to hack into the company computer system. LG and 7-Eleven. Lieutenant Colonel James Rhodes. created by Stan Winston's company. an industrialist and master engineer who builds a powered exoskeleton and becomes the technologically advanced superhero. The film was in development since 1990 at Universal Studios. The next morning Stark's disapproving assistant. After being interviewed by Christine Everhart. Stark dons his new armor and flies to Afghanistan. Burger King. Stark flies to war-torn Afghanistan with his friend and military liaison. released on May 7. he charms her into sex that night. The Ten Rings fighters prove no match for Stark. Stark finds himself the prisoner of an Afghan terrorist group known as the Ten Rings. so Yinsen distracts the guards while Stark powers up the suit. who tells him not to waste his life. After being rescued by Rhodes. which Stark builds to power his electromagnet. but the group reneged on the deal upon discovering who the .[2] The American Film Institute selected the film as one of the ten best of the year. 99 Plot Tony Stark is the head of Stark Industries. The Ten Rings leader. and product placement deals were made with Audi. including the "Jericho". Rubber and metal versions of the armors. the "Jericho" missile. Yinsen later confirms Stark's suspicion that Raza will not keep his word. however. He tells Rhodes his secret identity in an attempt to get the attack called off. sends her off. were recently delivered to the Ten Rings and are being used to attack Yinsen's home village. the actors were free to create their own dialogue because pre-production was focused on the story and action. Hasbro and Sega sold merchandise. Stark is shot at by two F-22 Raptor fighter jets. during Stark's first public appearance after his return. Raza. offers Stark his freedom in exchange for building a Jericho missile for the group.

Since it was Stark fighting with Stane. "The best and worst moments of Robert's life have been in the public eye. noting that Iron Man is not "the only superhero in the world". Pepper fears that she's killed Stark. In a post-credits scene. Stark manages to get to and reinstall his original reactor. When someone used to be a schmuck and they're not anymore.] after about several hours in that suit. says he wants to discuss the "Avenger Initiative". Meanwhile. he is CEO of Stark Industries. 100 Cast • Robert Downey Jr. genius inventor. or can't get the girl. has the group eliminated. uses a sonic device to paralyze him. removes the arc reactor from Stark's chest and leaves him to die. Favreau had planned to cast a newcomer in the role. as Anthony "Tony" Stark / Iron Man: An industrialist.D. Stark races to the rescue but is outmatched by Stane. Potts and several S. The son of a Manhattan Project engineer.D. and consummate playboy. after obtaining the pieces of the destroyed prototype suit.[8] To prepare. Stane visits the Ten Rings and. Agent Coulson hands him an alibi that puts him on his yacht at the time of the attack with Pepper cleaning up his cuts and bruises with makeup.E. a chief weapons manufacturer for the U. Before speaking at a press conference. Undeterred. Enforcement and Logistics Division". but then announces that he is Iron Man. Howard Stark.I. Potts later meets with Agent Coulson of the "Strategic Homeland Intervention.[6] He brought a deeper sense of humor to the film not present in previous drafts of the [7] script. but also depict an authentic emotional journey once he won over the audience. What I usually hate about these [superhero] movies [is] when suddenly the guy that you were digging turns into Dudley Do-Right. This unleashes a massive electrical surge that knocks Stane unconscious and sends him falling through the ceiling directly into the reactor."[4] Favreau also felt Downey could make Stark a "likable asshole". However. a counter-terrorism agency. to inform him of Stane's activities.I. By the following day.L.[5] Downey had an office next to Favreau during pre-production. as "Iron Man".D. having built a circuit board at four years old and an engine at six.''Iron Man (film)'' target was. as well as graduating from MIT summa cum laude at the age of 17. only to be attacked by him in his now functional suit."[9] . That's Tony Stark. who had been in control of the company since Howard's death.E. Robert brings a depth that goes beyond a comic book character who is having trouble in high school. S. Stane ambushes Stark in his house. his scientists cannot duplicate Stark's arc reactor. and. apparently killing him.[4] which he said benefited him because "it's hard not to have a personality meltdown [.I.L.." the director explained.L. Stark in his armor. however.H. Director Nick Fury visits Stark at home. "He had to find an inner balance to overcome obstacles that went far beyond his career.H. Downey spent five days a week weight training and practiced martial arts to get into shape. as his old reactor is underpowered for his current suit. agents go to arrest Stane. which allowed him greater involvement in the screenwriting process. He lures Stane atop the Stark Industries building and instructs Potts to overload the full-sized arc reactor in the building.[3] but ultimately chose Downey (a fan of the comic)[4] because he felt the actor's past made him an appropriate choice for the part.. hopefully they still have a sense of humor.H.E. What was really important to me was to not have him change so much that he's unrecognizable. and then you're supposed to buy into all his 'Let's go do some good!' That Eliot Ness-in-a-cape-type thing. he is an engineering prodigy. military. He takes charge of Stark Industries at the age of 21 from Stane. He explained.S. I'm calling up every therapeutic moment I can think of to just get through the day. Stark starts to tell the cover story given to him by S. He then reverse engineers his own suit from Stark's first. but a scene showed rolling on his back to avoid the electrical surge. but she refuses. Stark briefly makes an attempt to establish a romantic relationship with Potts. the press has dubbed the mystery person..

Jarvis is revealed as an acronym for "Just A Rather Very Intelligent System". or the life of an independent?"[9] Howard and his father are Iron Man fans. but in the film. is it the strict military life.[14] Many of Stane's scenes were cut out to focus more on Stark. he comes from an Afghan village called Gulmira. which assists him in the construction and programming of the Iron Man suit. something which Stane represents. and he was surprised to learn retribution is a major theme in that particular book of the Bible. but at a certain point he realizes that perhaps there is a different way. • Faran Tahir as Raza: The leader of the Ten Rings. Because I'm 40 or 50 pounds heavier than him. partly because Rhodes was one of the few black superheroes when he was a child. but the writers felt Bridges's performance allowed the application of "less is more". He couldn't walk after a couple of days.''Iron Man (film)'' • Terrence Howard as Lt. and grounded. I took him out running and gave him some nice cramps."[13] • Jeff Bridges as Obadiah Stane: Stark's business second-in-command and the main antagonist of the film.[10] Howard prepared for the role by visiting Nellis Air Force Base on March 16. Stark's butler. where he hasn't made the right calculations or there's a certain amount of doubt. "I tried to find ways to show that although he may be the bad guy.[12] He was a Downey fan since he saw him in Weird Howard preparing for the role by riding an F-16 flight simulator Science. where he ate with the pilots and observed HH-60 Pave Hawk rescue helicopters and F-22 Raptors. Favreau cast Howard because he felt he could play War Machine in a sequel. Bridges googled the Book of Obadiah. "Rhodey is completely disgusted with the way Tony has lived his life. and they competed physically on set: "Robert and his competitive ass almost tore my shoulder trying to keep up with him. 2007. yet innocent way.[16] • Shaun Toub as Dr. and he is unsure whether or not Stark's actions are acceptable.[15] • Gwyneth Paltrow as Virginia "Pepper" Potts: Stark's personal assistant and budding love interest. He shaved his head and grew a gray beard for the role. levelheaded. which is one of the aspects of the modernization of the Iron Man mythos for the movie. and he did it. Air Force in the department of acquisitions.S. there might be a moment or just a hint of vulnerability at times.[19] 101 . Colonel James "Rhodey" Rhodes: A friend of Stark's.[11] While Rhodes is roguish in the comics after he met Stark. In the comics. In Peter David's novelization of the film. She said she liked "the fact that there's a sexuality that's not blatant. Yinsen is a Chinese physicist.[14] and wanted to bring humanity to the henchman. something which Paltrow considered to be fun in a sexy. his earlier disciplinarian character forms a dynamic with Stark. "Whose life is the right way.[18] Bettany did the part as a favor to Favreau (having worked with him on Wimbledon) and said he did not know what film he was recording the lines for during his two-hour recording session. Yinsen: Stark's fellow captive. Paltrow asked Marvel to send her any comics that they would consider relevant to her understanding of the character. Bridges read the comics as a boy and liked Favreau's modern. Tahir is a fan of the comics." Favreau wanted Potts' and Stark's relationship to be reminiscent of a 1940s comedy." Howard said. who she considered to be very smart. realistic approach. which was something he had wanted to do for some time. Jon was very receptive to that kind of layering. The name of the character is a reference to the comic book character Edwin Jarvis. and the liaison between Stark Industries and the U. so I'm in there lifting and I pushed up about 225 pounds [102 kg] and knocked it out 10 times."[17] • Paul Bettany voices JARVIS: Stark's personal Artificial Intelligence computer program. Robert wanted to go about 235 [106 kg]. So I'm going to push it up to about 245 [111 kg].

[46] Favreau also described his approach as similar to an independent film. and lost seventy pounds.[9] By February 1996. Terry Rossio. following the credits.[7] Rage Against the Machine and Audioslave guitarist Tom Morello.[6] Favreau celebrated getting the job by going on a diet.[41] and announced it as Machine. Fox eventually sold the rights to New Line Cinema the following December. as the model for that of the version of Nick Fury in Marvel's Ultimate Marvel imprint.[31] Director Quentin Tarantino was approached in October 1999 to write and direct Iron Man. Happy Hogan.[24] Jim Cramer. but they were not retained. Screenplay drafts had been written by Alfred Gough.[35] McCanlies's script used the idea of a Nick Fury cameo to set up his own film. the film was being written for the studio[34] by Ted Elliott. who provides additional guitar music for the film. in June 2001 for the possibility of the director taking the helm.[39] After two years of unsuccessful development.[42] Mark Fergus and Hawk Ostby worked separately.[31] and Tim McCanlies. Joe Quesada.[48] Favreau . Jon Favreau was hired as the film's director. with Favreau compiling both team's scripts. Sell. Miles Millar and David Hayter.[37] "We worked with Michael Crichton's researchers to find a grounded realistic way to deal with the suit." —Alfred Gough on his draft for Nick Cassavetes' and New Line's aborted version [38] In December 2004. Universal Studios bought the rights to develop Iron Man for the big screen. Nick Fury. actor Nicolas Cage expressed interest in being cast for the lead role. the studio attached director Nick Cassavetes to the project for a target 2006 release. with his permission.[6] In April 2006.. He's the same guy we used with Spider-Man 2 to come up with Doc Ock's inhibitor chips and what the arms are made of and how they work.[21] and Samuel L. Marvel Studios worked to start development from scratch. a fan of the character Iron Man. Axel Alonso. Jackson appears as the agency's head.L. She is a minor character in the comics. Sell") of Stark Industries.[32] With no deal made. James Bond.[30] Jeff Vintar and Iron Man co-creator Stan Lee co-wrote a story which Vintar adapted into a screenplay.[26] 102 Production Development In April 1990. and realizing the world is far more complex than he believes.[36] In December 2002.[9] The director found the opportunity to create a politically ambitious "ultimate spy movie" in Iron Man. Brian Michael Bendis.H. where she works as a reporter for The Daily Bugle and has investigated Tony Stark. "[i]f Robert Altman had directed Superman". [.''Iron Man (film)'' • Leslie Bibb as Christine Everhart: A reporter for Vanity Fair. with Arthur Marcum and Matt Holloway writing the script.[25] Rapper Ghostface Killah cameoed in a scene where Stark briefly stays in Dubai while returning to Afghanistan.[44] Comic book staff Mark Millar.[20] Clark Gregg appears throughout the film as Agent Coulson of S.[47] He wanted to make Iron Man a story of an adult man literally reinventing himself.[28] In January 1997. commenting on the investment opportunities ("Sell.[22] Other cameos include Iron Man co-creator Stan Lee (whom Stark mistakes for Hugh Hefner at a party).. their first independent feature. and RoboCop.[23] and director Jon Favreau as Stark's bodyguard and chauffeur. 20th Century Fox acquired the rights from Universal. has a brief cameo as a terrorist guard. but it was cut from the theatrical release for pacing reasons. Jackson's face was used. and Ralph Macchio were also summoned by Favreau to give advice on the script.[6] and also cited Batman Begins as an inspiration.[33] By July 2000. actor Tom Cruise had expressed interest in producing as well as starring in the film debut of Iron Man. star of CNBC's Mad Money appeared as himself.[31] New Line entered talks with Joss Whedon.E. as Iron Man was their only major character not depicted in live action.[43] and the script received a polish by John August. and the deal with Cassavetes falling through. New Line's script pitted Iron Man against his father Howard Stark.[27] Stuart Gordon was to direct Universal's low-budget film. citing inspiration from Tom Clancy. The idea was he needed the suit to stay alive.D. Jeffrey Caine (GoldenEye) rewrote Vintar's script.[45] Favreau had wanted to work with Marvel producer Avi Arad on another film after the Daredevil adaptation. Tom Brevoort.[29] and in September 1998. McCanlies had turned in a completed script. New Line Cinema returned the film rights to Marvel.] Mandarin was an Indonesian terrorist who masqueraded as a rich playboy who Tony knew.. who becomes War [40] In November 2005.I.

[26] while the interior was built at Playa Vista. and saw the cold breath as he spoke: realizing remote caves are actually very cold. would the fantasy of the Mandarin's rings be appropriate. "I'm shocked that I [was] on schedule.''Iron Man (film)'' changed the Vietnam War origin of the character to Afghanistan. because Favreau felt Iron Man's archnemesis.[10] Production designer J. He also sought Downey's advice about makeshift objects in prison.[45] The Crimson Dynamo was also a villain in early drafts in the script.[52] with the first few weeks spent on Stark's captivity in Afghanistan.[7] Favreau felt it was important to include intentional inside references for fans of the comics. The switch from Mandarin to Obadiah Stane was done after Bridges was cast. remarked.[14] Afterwards. with the filmmakers choosing the best lines for filming. as he did not want to do a period piece.[45] He felt only in a sequel.[14] Filming concluded on June 25.[54] and wrapped on May 2.[55] Exterior shots of Stark's home were digitally composited on footage of Point Dume in Malibu.[49] Favreau also wanted Iron Man to face a giant enemy. and including Captain America's shield in Stark's workshop. Los Angeles.[26] Stane was intended to become a villain in the sequel. Riva placed an air conditioning system in the set. such as a sock being used to make tea. and the filmmakers acknowledged the coincidence that they would film Iron Man creating the flying Mark III where the Hughes H-4 Hercules "Spruce Goose" was built. where Favreau and Riva aimed to make Stark's home look less futuristic and more "grease monkey". I thought that there were going to be many curveballs".[50] 103 Filming Production was based in the former Hughes Company soundstages in Playa Vista.[57] . Nevada.[45] The cameo was filmed with a skeleton crew in order to keep it a secret. to have Stark hold a news conference on the floor. such as giving the two fighter jets that attack Iron Man the call signs of "Whiplash 1" and "Whiplash 2.[5] Brian Michael Bendis wrote three pages of dialogue for the Nick Fury cameo scene.[53] The cave where Stark is imprisoned was a 150. Marvel Studios's Kevin Feige subsequently ordered the scene removed from all preview prints in order to maintain the surprise and keep fans guessing. with an altered tone. which had movable forks in the caverns to allow greater freedom for the film's crew. He hired "people who are good at creating action". where the crew endured two days of 40 to 60 mile an hour (60 to 100 km/h) winds. especially after Mark Millar gave his opinion on the script.[10] Howard Hughes was one of the inspirations for the comic book. Michael Riva saw footage of a Taliban fighter in Afghanistan.[49] The decision to push him into the background is comparable to Sauron in The Lord of the Rings.[14] Filming began on March 12.[56] Favreau.to 200-yard (150–200 m) long set.[51] Favreau rejected the East Coast setting of the comic books because many superhero films had already been set there. would not feel realistic. as Downey wanted to try something new each time. 2007 at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. California. the Mandarin. so "the human story [felt] like it belongs to the comic book genre". 2007. Some scenes were shot with two cameras to capture lines said [26] It was Downey's idea on the spot. Stark's capture was filmed at Lone Pine.[9] and he created the speech Stark makes when demonstrating the Jericho weapon. Favreau acknowledged that improvisation would make the film feel more natural. but rumors appeared on the Internet only days later.[10] Choosing a villain was difficult. Multiple takes were done. and other exterior scenes in Afghanistan were filmed at Olancha Sand Dunes.[47] or Palpatine in Star Wars. a newcomer to action films.[9] There was much improvisation in dialogue scenes.[14] Filming at Edwards Air Force Base began in mid-April." a reference to the comic book villain Whiplash. because the script was not completed when filming began (the filmmakers had focused on the story making sense and planning the action).

[60] Granov's designs were the primary inspiration for the film's design. who has a brief cameo in the film as a guard. as well as Stark's playboy leitmotif. causing concern when a stuntman fell over inside it.[14] For shots of the Mark III flying. The animatronic required five [14] A scale model was used for the shots of it operators for the arm. cameras were flown in the air to provide reference for physics. and his company built metal and rubber versions of the armors. Through his older brother. Both the stuntman and the suit were unscathed. and landing quickly. wind and frost on the lenses."[63] Music Composer Ramin Djawadi is an Iron Man fan." Saunders said that the War Machine armor "was going to be called the Mark IV armor and would have been weaponized swap-out parts that would be worn over the original Mark III armor." The other themes are "not so much character based. a fan of the comic book. To generate shots of Iron Man and the F-22 Raptors battling. A single 90-pound (41 kg) version was built. While he normally composes after watching an assembly cut.0 m). and was built on a gimbal to simulate walking. Very much like a machine. The Mark II resembles an airplane prototype. with visible flaps.[14] Favreau's main concern with the effects was whether the transition between the computer-generated and practical costumes would be too obvious.[14] A scale model of the "Iron Monger" suit The Mark I design was intended to look like it was built from spare parts: particularly.[58] Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) was hired to create the bulk of the visual effects with additional work being completed by The Orphanage and The Embassy. [26] being built. contributed additional guitar work to the movie's soundtrack.[64] Guitarist Tom Morello of Rage Against the Machine and Audioslave. and Djawadi composed the music on that instrument before arranging it for orchestra. Djawadi began work after seeing the teaser trailer.[47] Saunders streamlined Granov's concept art. sleeves and chest of the costume over a motion capture suit.[61] For further study of the physics of flying.[14] The Embassy created a digital version of the Mark I. he is also into heavy metal music since the early 1990s.[62] Phil Saunders created concept art for the War Machine armor and said that it was originally intended to be used in the film but was "cut from the script about halfway through pre-production.[14] a name which Obadiah Stane calls Tony Stark and himself earlier in the film. Favreau clearly envisioned a focus on "heavy" guitar in the score. the back is less armored than the front.[14] Sometimes." and that it "would have been worn by Tony Stark in the final battle sequence.''Iron Man (film)'' 104 Effects Favreau wanted the film to be believable by showing the construction of the suit in its three stages. The composer said Downey's performance inspired the several Iron Man themes (for his different moods). skydivers were filmed in a vertical wind tunnel. They had previously worked on Favreau's Zathura. but is never actually used for the suit itself. making it stealthier and less cartoonish in its proportions. It also foreshadows the design of Stane's armor. and he came on board the film after he recognized his work on Jon Favreau's MySpace page. but rather plot based that carry you through the movie". Favreau trusted ILM after seeing Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End and Transformers. .[26] Iron Man comic book artist Adi Granov designed the Mark III with illustrator Phil Saunders. as Stark would use his resources to make a forward attack.[10] Stan Winston.[59] Stan Winston Studios built a 10-foot (3. 800-pound (360 kg) animatronic version of the comic character "Iron Monger" (Obadiah Stane). it was animated to look realistic by taking off slowly. Djawadi's favorite of the Iron Man themes is the "kickass" because of its "rhythmic pattern that is a hook on its own. and still has issues of the comic from the late 1970s. Downey would only wear the helmet. Amir. The armor was also designed to only have its top half worn at times.

based on 38 reviews.[65] The film was released worldwide except for Japan between April 30 and May 7.400 7-Eleven stores in the United States helped promote the film.[68] A 30-second spot for the film aired during a Super Bowl XLII break.[66] Marketing Marvel and Paramount modeled their marketing campaign for Iron Man on that of Transformers..[2] [74] The film currently holds a score of 94% based on 233 reviews.[76] Metacritic gave the film normalized average score of 79%.[69] 6.] help this rise above formula. as well as Titanium Man (who appears in the video game) and the armor from the World War Hulk comics.[82] IGN's Todd Gilchrist recognized Downey as "the best thing" in a film that "functions on autopilot. Garth Franklin of Dark Horizons commended the "impressive sets and mechanics that combine smoothly with relatively seamless CG".''Iron Man (film)'' 105 Release The premiere was held at the Greater Union theater at George Street. as Michael Bay did Downey promoting the film in Mexico City [67] In the film. the film was identified as the "best-reviewed film of the year so far" by Jen Yamato of review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes..[67] Sega released a video game based on the film. 2008. Scott of The New York Times called the film "an unusually good superhero picture.. also has an "American cheeseburger" from Burger King after his rescue from Afghanistan. Todd McCarthy in Variety called the film an "expansively entertaining special effects extravaganza" with "fresh energy and stylistic polish".[71] Audi created a tie-in website..] how did Tony's nemesis learn how to use the suit?"[79] In one of the first major-daily newspaper reviews. along with director Jon Favreau [. with the site reporting at that time the film had received a rating of 95% based on 107 reviews and this rating has held its place as of January 2010. whilst hardly original or groundbreaking..] pitch-perfect casting and plausibly rendered super-science" that made it "faithful to the source material while updating it – and recognizing what's made that material so enduring isn't just the high-tech cool of a man in a metal suit. On May 1. Or at least — since it certainly has its problems — a superhero movie that's good in unusual ways. as General Motors did for Transformers.[75] with selected top critics giving it a score of 93% based on 39 reviews. providing requisite story developments and character details to fill in this . Jon Favreau was set to direct a commercial for the fast-food chain. O.[77] Among the major trade journals. as part of the studio's product placement deal with the respective companies. The result is something that.. "Robert Downey Jr. Three other vehicles.[73] Reception Iron Man received critical acclaim. 2008.[78] while Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter praised the film while nonetheless finding "disappointment [in] a climatic [sic] battle between different Iron Man prototypes [.. and for Transformers.[67] Oracle Corporation also promoted the film on its site. which included other iterations of the character.[67] Hasbro created figures of armors from the film. 2008. Burger King and Audi promoted the film. Audi S5 sports coupe and the Audi Q7 SUV. crowd-pleasing action movie with a sprinkle of anti-war and redemption themes". but the human condition that got him there". on April 14.[72] Estimates for the cost of marketing Iron Man ranged from US$50 to $75 million. Sydney. Frank Lovece of Newsday lauded the film's "emotional truth [. Tony Stark drives an Audi R8.[70] Worldwide.[80] A. the Audi S6 sedan. also appear in the film. is nevertheless refreshing in its earnestness to avoid dark dramatic stylings in favor of an easy-going. with Japan to receive the film in September 2008."[81] Among the specialty press. and LG Group also made a deal with Paramount. and said.

David Denby of The New Yorker put forth a negative review.[85] Looking at the sociocultural aspects of the film."[86] Roger Ebert and Richard Corliss named Iron Man as among their favorite films of 2008. but lost to The Curious Case of Benjamin Button and The Dark Knight. 2008 in Europe. Iron Man has grossed $585. the image on the newspaper Stark reads before he announces he is Iron Man had to be altered because of amateur photographer Ronnie Adams filing a lawsuit against Paramount and Marvel for using his on-location spy photo in the scene. $318. at least in the first half.[109] It was nominated for Favorite Movie at the 2009 Kids' Choice Awards but lost to High School Musical 3: Senior Year.[107] Tony Stark was also selected as one of The 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.[97] DVD sales were very successful.Iron Man.[101] Awards Iron Man was selected by the American Film Institute as one of the ten best films of the year.762. behind Spider-Man. can't do much with an antique role as Stark's girl Friday. ranking number one at the box office.[84] while conversely.[95] [96] As of July 2009.[83] Among major metropolitan weeklies..[92] Iron Man had the second-best premiere for a non-sequel. Best Director for Favreau and Best Actor for Downey. going-through-the-motions feel to the entire show [.105 theaters in the United States and Canada. widening her eyes and palpitating.. 2008 Iron Man became the first movie of 2008 to pass the $300 million mark for the domestic box office.174. "Iron Man is far more than playboy fantasy.[87] [88] 106 Box office In its opening weekend.[106] In 2008.[110] [111] .. claiming "a slightly depressed.[108] On their list of the 100 Greatest Fictional Characters. It grossed $35.. Fandomania.com ranked Iron Man at number 37.[91] and the third highest-grossing opening weekend of 2008 behind Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and The Dark Knight. Cristobal Giraldez Catalan at Bright Lights Film Journal argues that.[103] [104] It was nominated for nine Saturn Awards.[93] Iron Man was also the number-one film in the United States and Canada in its second weekend.[100] A Wal-Mart-exclusive release included a preview of Iron Man: Armored Adventures.[1] Home media The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on September 30.1 million. Iron Man grossed $98.[98] [99] There were a total of 9 million copies sold and an accumulated total sales of over $160 million (not including Blu-ray).[89] giving it the 11th-biggest opening weekend.[102] The film was nominated for the Academy Awards for Best Visual Effects and Best Sound Editing at the 81st Academy Awards. giving it the 13th-biggest opening day.[98] For the home releases of the film.101 in the United States and Canada and $266. in North America and October 27. 2008.] Gwyneth Paltrow.''Iron Man (film)'' default 'origin story' while the actors successfully breathe life into their otherwise conventional roles". once again provides the high-fidelity misogyny and anti-Muslim rhetoric Hollywood is known for. selling over 4 million copies the first week and generating a gross over $93 million USD..[90] ninth widest release in terms of theaters. respectively. with narrative and directorial precision. playing a military man who chases around after Stark.618. It had the fourth-biggest opening for a superhero movie. it is American foreign policy realized without context. Iron Man was selected by Empire magazine as one of The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time.668 in 4.[94] On June 18.2 million on its first day. David Edelstein of New York magazine called the film "a shapely piece of mythmaking [. grossing $51. looks dispirited and taken for granted".. who loves him but can't say so.] Favreau doesn't go in for stylized comic-book frames.[105] winning Best Science Fiction Film.222 worldwide.. He gets real with it — you'd think you were watching a military thriller". Terrence Howard.412.121 in other territories.[89] giving it the 12th-best second weekend and the fifth-best for a non-sequel.

Feige said. "Iron Villain Not Black. 2010 with Jon Favreau and Robert Downey Jr. htm?csp=34). . [6] Ambrose. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 66–72. htm). com/ m/ iron_man/ ). The director said. Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige said he is happy with the results of Iron Man 2 and predicted that Iron Man 3 will be in theaters by 2013. ign. [4] Bowles. (2008-04-22). marvel. Larry (2008-03-18). php?id=7001). archive. Box Office Mojo. [12] Worley. Comics Continuum. [15] Adler. Retrieved 2007-12-13. Bruce (2007-03-21). a villain with technologically enhanced whips. IGN Entertainment. com/ ). 69. Retrieved 2008-04-01. He has 10 magical rings — that just doesn't feel right for our [franchise]. Sci Fi Wire. [14] "Notes" (http:/ / ironmanmovie.''Iron Man (film)'' 107 Sequels The sequel. . mtv. Del Ray (2008). . Marvel Comics' corporate parent. "Pumping Iron". Don Cheadle replaces Terrence Howard in the role of Colonel Rhodes. Chris (April 2008). . to do it. usatoday. Edward (2008-05-01). Retrieved 2008-06-26.[115] References [1] "Iron Man (2008)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. clouded the timing and the distribution arrangement of a possible third film. Rob M. Empire. php?category=0& id=53090& type=0). casting and more!!!" (http:/ / www. Superhero Hype!. Rob (2008-03-03). respectively. pp. or the rings are not really rings. com/ 2008/ 09/ 30/ iron-man-co-writers-discuss-their-favorite-deleted-scenes-plus-an-exclusive-dvd-bonus-clip/ ). com/ news/ topnews. "Iron Man's Jon Favreau" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-05-17. which has distribution rights to certain Marvel properties. Scott (2007-04-26). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. . Talks About Incredible Hulk Cameo. Superhero Hype!. Comics2Films. Controversial Tropic Thunder Pics" (http:/ / www. "Quint visits the IRON MAN production offices! Art! Favreau speaks about sequels (?!?). com/ movies/ ?id=ironman. com/ scifiwire/ index. [11] Rolfsen. movies. [3] Stax (2006-05-24). "The Unknown Iron Man" (http:/ / uk. com/ stories/ 0803/ 03/ jonfavreau. php?id=7224). [10] Quint (2007-02-09). Retrieved 2007-02-10. Superhero Hype!. "Super Fly Guy". scifi. com/ node/ 31525). Inc. . . Retrieved 2008-03-04. "Iron Man: The Set Visit . . you don't want to see that. "First look: Downey forges a bond with Iron Man role" (http:/ / www. [13] Rotten. . IGN (News Corporation). . Retrieved 2008-03-18."[113] After the release of Iron Man 2. Peter. Retrieved 2006-12-06. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1583534/ story. p. who is also seen as War Machine. Rotten Tomatoes. [17] Spelling. comics2film. Retrieved 2008-04-29. com/ articles/ 709/ 709941p1. "Gwyneth Paltrow Plays Pepper Potts" (http:/ / www. . Air Force Times. MTV Splash Page. Empire.[114] Paramount and Disney have since reached an agreement where Disney will get the worldwide distribution and marketing rights from Paramount for Iron Man 3 as well as The Avengers. . MTV. 47–50. . "We do have a contract with Robert Downey Jr. Tom (2007-07-26). . org/ web/ 20080701045740/ http:/ / www. [8] Carroll. 2008. a conflict between Paramount Pictures. with a screenplay by Justin Theroux. htm).[112] Jon Favreau said that although the character may need reworking. Also starring is Gwyneth Paltrow as Pepper Potts. "The problem with the Mandarin is that the way it's depicted in the comic books. a business rival of Stark's. com/ news/ topnews. comicscontinuum. php?id=7150). Scott (2008-05-16). [5] Allsletter. Retrieved 2008-04-22. "Iron Man: Terrence Howard lives the dream" (http:/ / www. Sam Rockwell as Justin Hammer. php?a=story& b=28467). Retrieved 2009-07-01. "Iron Man pilot to hit big screen" (http:/ / www. "Paul Bettany on Voicing Iron Man's Jarvis" (http:/ / www. returning as director and lead. So it's either tech-based. superherohype. html). Ian (2008-04-29). "Iron Man Co-Writers Discuss Their Favorite Deleted Scenes. USA Today. Iron Man 3 is slated for release on May 3. the Mandarin would be in the third film. Starlog: pp. Plus An Exclusive DVD Bonus Clip" (http:/ / splashpage. "The Man In The Iron Mask". .Terrence Howard" (http:/ / www. Ryan (2008-04-01). com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2007-04-26-iron-man_N. [18] David. jhtml). [2] "Iron Man Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. and The Walt Disney Company. Click "About the film" to access. rottentomatoes. Iron Man 2. Retrieved 2008-05-02. [9] Shapiro. mtv. airforcetimes. [7] Hewitt. Ain't It Cool News. Iron Man. . Mickey Rourke as Whiplash. superherohype. com/ scifiwire/ index. "Iron Man Star Robert Downey Jr. Retrieved 2008-10-27. php?category=0& id=53090& type=0) on July 1. com/ news/ featuresnews. com/ news/ 2007/ 03/ airforce_ironman_070321w/ ). Marc (April 2008). superherohype. com/ index. Retrieved 2008-10-14. [19] Huver. [16] Douglas. aintitcool. White" (http:/ / web. Shawn (2008-09-30). scifi. and it will come after The Avengers". was released in the United States on May 7. 2013.

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. . com/ 100-greatest-movie-characters/ default. htm). empireonline. com/ news/ articles/ 1638536/ 20100505/ story. htm?page=2& p=. com/ alltime/ weekends/ ). Associated Press. list/ index. html). [92] "Opening Day Records at the Box Office" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. . Retrieved 2010-05-21. com/ articles/ 870/ 870262p1. org/ nominations. rediff. [98] "Movie Iron Man . Retrieved 2008-05-06. Comics Worth Reading. . org/ sa_35th_062409. mtv. .. saturnawards. nominees. Cal (2008-09-17). com/ 2009/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 02/ 22/ oscar. [96] DiOrio. Retrieved 2008-12-09. WorstPreviews. [95] "Iron Man (2008)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. com/ entertainment/ news/ article. 2008). videobusiness. and there were a lot of them" (http:/ / rogerebert. Fantasy & Horror Films. com/ movies/ reviews/ 46460/ ). php). time. . Larry. Arthur J. com/ headline. html) on May 8. Retrieved 2008-05-03. "Marvel turns Iron Man into gold with $100M-plus debut" (http:/ / web. Fandomania. Box Office Mojo. [89] "Iron Man (2008) . com/ movies/ 2008/ IRNMN-DVD. "A Hero for Our Times" (http:/ / nymag. 2008). [87] Ebert.com. html?desc=topstory). empireonline. com/ kids-choice-awards/ nominees. CNN. com/ arts/ critics/ cinema/ 2008/ 05/ 05/ 080505crci_cinema_denby). com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=ironman. Academy of Science Fiction. collider. [93] Germain. with reporting by Josh Horowitz. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-25. [105] "Nominations for the 35th Annual Saturn Awards" (http:/ / www. htm). Chicago Sun-Times. oscar. asp?c=48). Nick. com/ alltime/ days/ ?page=open& p. com/ 61/ 61ironmancatalan. . com/ tvevents/ afiawards08/ ). [91] "Movies With the Widest Openings at the Box Office" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.com. . Fantasy & Horror Films. Retrieved 2008-09-19. com/ feeds/ ap/ 2008/ 05/ 04/ ap4967190. the-numbers. html). American Film Institute. Academy of Science Fiction. "Unsafe" (http:/ / www. [94] "Top Weekends:2nd-12th" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Box Office Mojo. The New Yorker. 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"Top 10 Movies" (http:/ / www. html). NewsDaily. Nick KCA Press.00. . . .81st Academy Award winners" (http:/ / www. [110] "Nickelodeon Unfolds Luminous List of 2009 Kids' Choice Awards Nominees" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2009-03-17. htm). Richard (2008-12-09). "It just keeps on getting better and better for Iron Man" (http:/ / www. February 6. [104] "Oscars. "The best films of 2008. html). [113] Carroll. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. full. The-Numbers. com/ apps/ pbcs. Retrieved 2010-05-10.Weekend Box Office Results" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. 2009-02-22. Retrieved 2008-05-04. Box Office Mojo. Carl (2008-06-19). [100] Kemp. Retrieved 2008-05-12. htm).''Iron Man (film)'' [83] Gilchrist. htm?page=WIDEST& p=. 2010. . [85] Denby. 2010. com/ 100-greatest-fictional-characters-40-36/ ). . com/ movies/ 2008/ oct/ 15dvd. . com/ oscarnight/ winners/ ). . 2009. com/ time/ specials/ 2008/ top10/ article/ 0. asp). com/ 2008/ 10/ 05/ iron-man-dvd-review/ ). [102] "AFI Awards 2008" (http:/ / www. com/ stories/ n19296777-ironman/ ). Cristobal G (Aug. php). Retrieved 2008-12-09. . David (2008-05-05). .1855948_1863826_1863827. 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 2008-10-31. Retrieved October 22. 2008. "IRON MAN Censored" (http:/ / www. [108] "Empire's The 100 Greatest Characters of All Time" (http:/ / www. com/ alltime/ weekends/ moreweekends.com. . Box Office Mojo. suntimes. New York. Retrieved 2008-05-04.com. [109] "The 100 Greatest Fictional Characters" (http:/ / fandomania. worstpreviews. Empire Magazine. Box Office Mojo.30583. Retrieved 2009-07-01. Time. htm). [112] ""Iron Man 2" Earns $133 Million. October 5. 2010 110 .com. Retrieved 2008-05-03. afi. . Retrieved 2009-07-01. . com/ article/ CA6580245. Retrieved 2009-07-11. Rediff India Abroad. "'Iron Man 2' Director Jon Favreau Wants The Mandarin For Third Movie" (http:/ / www. [99] Paris. doc). dll/ article?AID=/ 20081205/ COMMENTARY/ 812059997/ 1023). Retrieved 2010-05-21. [103] "Academy Award winners and nominees" (http:/ / www. "Iron Man to kick off fourth quarter" (http:/ / www. asp/ aid/ 9202/ tcid/ 1). . . jhtml). . Retrieved 2009-02-22. Retrieved 2009-07-01. forbes. Forbes. org/ web/ 20080508173509/ http:/ / www. html). IGN. Retrieved 2010-05-21.. MTV. jhtml). php?id=17650). com/ 2009KCA/ nominees. brightlightsfilm. "Iron Man Review" (http:/ / uk. "Iron Man 3" Promised for 2013" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. movies. . php). forbes. . Retrieved 2008-05-03. Susanne (2008-05-05). [90] "Biggest Openings at the Box Office" (http:/ / www. nickkcapress. .

com/title/tt0371746/) at the Internet Movie Database Iron Man (http://www. Daniel (May 10. 2010.htm) at Box Office Mojo Iron Man (http://www.com/film/titles/ironman) at Metacritic Iron Man (http://www.com/movies/Iron_Man. Retrieved October 19.htm) at That's (Marvel) Entertainment Jumper (film) Jumper Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Doug Liman Simon Kinberg Lucas Foster Jay Sanders Stacy Maes David S. . Goyer Jim Uhls Simon Kinberg Steven Gould Screenplay by Story by .com/movies/?id=ironman. "Will There Be an 'Iron Man 3' — and Whose Will It Be?" (http:/ / www.com/work/353425) at Allmovie Iron Man (http://marvel.com/m/iron_man/) at Rotten Tomatoes Iron Man (http://www. 111 External links • • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.com/) Iron Man (http://www. . 2010).net. com/ article/ what-iron-man-3-17187).metacritic.com/iron_man/marvel.''Iron Man (film)'' [114] Frankel. thewrap. php?id=70864). ComingSoon. net/ news/ movienews. [115] "Disney to Distribute The Avengers and Iron Man 3" (http:/ / www. 2010.com Iron Man (http://moviegrande. comingsoon.ironmanmovie.rottentomatoes.Iron_Man_(2008)) at Marvel.boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2010-05-12. October 18.imdb. The Wrap.allmovie.

He suddenly finds himself in the local library with drenched clothes. 2008. A bully. named Jumper: Griffin's Story. Samuel L. . PlayStation 2. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes recorded a 16% approval rating and 35/100 on Metacritic. David escapes and returns home to Ann Arbor seeking Millie. Eight years later. After a day of jumping. Jackson. and Wii consoles. Annasophia Robb. and both Christensen and Liman have spoken of one or more sequels. Unhappy with his life. Jamie Bell. He is attacked by Mark and purposely teleports him into a bank vault. Plot Teenager David Rice gives his crush. The script went through a rewrite prior to filming and the roles for the main characters were changed during production. throws the globe onto the ice near a river. Millie. The film held the first position in its opening weekend with $27. The film is directed by Doug Liman and stars Hayden Christensen. a snow globe. He discovers he can "Jump". or teleport.231. The film was released on February 14. loosely based on the 1992 science fiction novel of the same name by Steven Gould. Jumper was filmed in 20 cities in 14 countries between 2006 and 2007. While trying to retrieve it. knowing her dreams of traveling someday. disappearing from one place and instantly appearing in another. 2008 and a soundtrack was released on February 19. Roland later discovers Mark in police custody and learns David's identity. he runs away and is believed dead by his alcoholic father. and Diane Lane. Rachel Bilson. Max Thieriot . spending his days jumping around various continents.''Jumper (film)'' Starring Hayden Christensen Jamie Bell Samuel L. Jackson Rachel Bilson Michael Rooker Diane Lane Kristen Stewart John Powell 112 Music by Cinematography Barry Peterson Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Saar Klein Regency Enterprises New Regency Productions 20th Century Fox February 14. Cox tries to trap him with electrical cables.3 million. Mark. but despite this success. Several novels were developed as tie-ins to the film along with a video game for the Xbox 360. He leaves him there and returns to Millie. which prevent him from being able to jump.186 Jumper is a 2008 American science fiction film. inviting her to travel to Rome. he is ambushed in his home by Roland Cox. The film follows a young man capable of teleporting to any location as he is chased by a secret society intent on killing him. and living lavishly using money stolen from banks via his jumping abilities. doing various sports. David falls through the ice and is pulled away by the current. reviews from critics were generally negative. an adult David has settled into a life of adventure. 2008 88 minutes United States English $85 million [1] $222. The DVD was released on June 10.

She again allows him to leave. who had left David when he was five. asking where to find Roland. and abandons him there. Griffin explains that Paladins are religious fanatics who believe Jumpers are an affront to God and have been hunting them for centuries. 113 . Griffin. appears and throws him the keys to his handcuffs. telling him that he could have been killed instead. Griffin warns that if he faces the Paladins alone he will be outnumbered. answers the door. He warns David that "Paladins" are coming-an extremist group who has been tracking down and killing Jumpers from "the beginning. David refuses. takes him to a cave in the Grand Canyon. He goes anyway and is quickly trapped by Roland's electric cables. She tells him he has very little time to leave. but she says if he wants the girl to live he must leave now. but is detained by Italian police and questioned about the death. He also says that Paladins will kill Jumpers by targeting their loved ones . David tells Millie the police let him go and they leave together. Griffin decides to take a bomb to Millie's apartment and kill everyone. They fight through several locations. taking the body with him. David's mother Mary. Griffin kills one and teleports. David tries to leave with Millie. While waiting for a magistrate to arrive. wanting to save Millie. David jumps to Griffin's lair." Several Paladins show up and attack them. telling a skeptical Millie the door was already unlocked. and had to either kill David or leave. as the Paladins killed his parents when he was a child and have tried to kill him several times. demands the truth. Millie. who tells him to leave. He breaks into her apartment. David separates the apartment from the rest of the building and teleports it away. angering Millie. allowing him a "head start". Then he grabs Roland. David tries to follow her. his half-sister.''Jumper (film)'' David and Millie visit the Colosseum only to find it closed. when Jumpers make their first Jump. finds him bleeding and teleports him to a hospital. Mary tells David she has known he was a Jumper since he was five. He has been trying to kill Roland for years. Sophie. The Paladins follow using a machine that keeps the wormhole open and fight with David and Griffin. David cannot escape as he is tied to the apartment. David visits his mother and is stunned when a girl. David teleports to his father. Roland is chased back through the portal. they realize her flight landed an hour ago. but snatches Millie back to her apartment with a cable. now very suspicious. He teleports her back to Griffin's lair. She is a Paladin. He returns to Griffin and convinces him to go with him to the airport to greet Millie. David sees Roland arriving and shows her what he can do. David uses his abilities unlock a door from the inside. Griffin returns to his lair to get weapons while David searches for Millie. Upon arriving. David declines and puts her on a plane home. While opening another door. he discovers another Jumper. and David traps Griffin with power lines. He meets with Millie outside and they jump to an unknown location.

'How would a guy that can teleport fight?' So you were really pushing yourself to try to think of inventive. David's childhood friend and crush who later becomes his girlfriend • Samuel L. who each worked on an individual action sequence. a young man who discovers the ability to "Jump" or teleport. New Regency Productions hired director Doug Liman to helm the film adaptation of the science fiction novel Jumper by Steven Gould. You could make a bigger movie than that.[2] However. Jackson was cast as an NSA agent. Screenwriter Jim Uhls was hired to rewrite an adapted screenplay by David S. David's childhood bully • Michael Rooker as William Rice."[5] Casting In April 2006. Joseph Gordon-Levitt. and Jamie Bell were cast for Jumper with Sturridge in the lead role (who won the role over Heath Ledger. teenage) as David Rice. • Jamie Bell as Griffin. actor Samuel L. Liman desired another rewrite and Simon Kinberg assisted in completing the script. Gould revealed that he approved of the deviations from the novel. • Rachel Bilson (Annasophia Robb. the leader of the Paladins whose goal is to kill Jumpers.[2] Liman said about using the novel for developing the script: "This is 100% Steven Gould's story. and Jared Padalecki). Rome. Toronto. to ensure accuracy in the storyboarding. reflected on the instructions: "I was just thinking.[6] The following July. Eminem. the protagonist. with producer Simon Kinberg rewriting the original screenplay draft by Goyer. it's just reinvented as a movie. then turns rebellious. David's father Rachel Bilson and Hayden Christensen filming in Rome in November 2006 Production Script and storyboards In November 2005. David's younger half-sister • Diane Lane as Mary Rice. actor Hayden Christensen replaced Sturridge in the . actors Tom Sturridge. Devon Sawa.''Jumper (film)'' 114 Cast • Hayden Christensen (Max Thieriot. teenage) as Mark Kobold. Rob McCallum.[3] Before filming was to begin. teenage) as Millie Harris. and New York."[8] Liman agreed on casting older actors for furthering the romantic aspect of the film.[9] In August. David's mother who separated from her son when he was five years old • Teddy Dunn (Jesse James. They'll consider it a children's movie. Teresa Palmer.[4] While other films tend to use only one storyboard artist. Goyer. spectacular ways that you could use this jumping talent that these characters have. The artists were given specific instruction on the rules of the teleportation used in the film. One of them.[7] Production was stopped in June 2006 after producer Tom Rothman told Liman "The lead is 18. Wouldn't the movie be better if he was 25? You have a huge movie here and adults won't go and see an 18-year-old. Jumper required six."[3] In an interview. Principal photography was scheduled to take place in Tokyo. the studio announced plans to develop a trilogy based on the novel's premise. cool. Roland serves as the film's main antagonist. a renegade jumper who tracks down and eliminates Paladins • Kristen Stewart as Sophie. Jackson as Roland Cox.

"[14] After filming in Rome.[8] 115 Filming “ We'd walk in at dawn with the sun coming up so Doug could get the light he wanted.[18] Since additional filming was required of the area.[16] After Toronto.[12] Filming took place for 45 minutes in the morning and in the evening so as not to disturb the public touring the amphitheater throughout the day. 56-year-old David Ritchie.[14] The studio's 100 employees later developed the visual effects for 300 of the 600 shots in the film.[20] Visual effects The New Zealand visual effects studio Weta Digital was initially selected to assist in creating a preview clip for the 2007 Comic-Con Convention.[8] As a result of director Liman insisting Christensen perform his own stunts. split open his ear.[22] The jumps were developed using Nuke and Shake software programs. as the studio "became concerned about not having a more prominent actor in their trio of young stars. The Matrix was largely about stopping time whereas this was about using slow shutter speeds on those still array cameras to end up with a streaky motion-blurred image as the perspective was changing. Michigan. the cast and crew traveled to Tokyo to film scenes. reflecting on filming in the Colosseum ” In September 2006.[2] [15] Another worker was injured and was sent to a hospital with serious head and shoulder injuries. the next filming site was set up at Gallup Park in Ann Arbor. Sixty students from the nearby Huron High School were cast as extras for the film. which is a pretty interesting look. twenty other students were used for a day of filming in September. Liman negotiated with the Rome Film Commission for rare access to film for three days in the Colosseum. and then there were shots on a set that needed extensions beyond the limits of the set. the actor injured his hand.[22] Weta's VFX supervisor Erik Winquist explained how the visual effects of the jumps were created: "The concept of what a jump looks like changed and evolved a little over the course of post production. four steadicams were set up to ensure time was not wasted in reloading the camera. Ontario and principal photography began in Toronto in October. Liman replaced Palmer with Rachel Bilson.[14] Many of the shots.[9] [14] [21] In total. and then there were shots where we needed to create the Coliseum basically from scratch.[14] .''Jumper (film)'' lead role as David just two weeks before the beginning of shooting. a set dresser. Digital Domain.[2] [11] In December 2006. Jumper was filmed at various locations in Peterborough. [9] —Hayden Christensen. and developed a hyperdilated pupil that required hospital care while filming various scenes. there are more than 100 jumps in the film. scenes were filmed in Toronto during December 2006 to January 2007 and wrapped at the Canadian location on January 19."[10] After Christensen was recast for the lead role.[9] [17] In February 2007. On January 26 in Toronto. at which exterior shots were also filmed. including those of Big Ben and the Sphinx were created using the program Maya. There are shots in the film that use still array footage but not in the same way that we saw in The Matrix. and Pixel Magic.[19] Altogether. One scene required over 30 shoots as the scene could only be filmed in between traffic light changes. was fatally struck by frozen debris while dismantling an outdoor set in wintry conditions. and it was just beautiful. filming took place in 20 cities in 14 countries. and each jump was modified based on the distance and location the character(s) jumped."[22] Other visual effects studios that assisted with the film include Hydraulx.[13] In order to maximize the short period for filming.[8] A visual effects supervisor explained how visual effects were needed for various aspects after filming: "There were three kinds of shots: there were shots where they were able to get most of what they needed in the Coliseum [sic] itself. The scene in the Colosseum was originally written for the Pantheon. not a soul in there. The crew was required to keep equipment off the ground by using harnesses and had to rely on natural light for filming.

focuses on the character Griffin which was created by screenwriter David Goyer specifically for the film. entertaining stuff.[31] It was the 28th highest-grossing film worldwide for 2008.[1] [28] In its first weekend. action-packed bundle of nerviness. well-crafted by Liman. but it still packs some cracking action into its brief running time and lays foundations on which a great franchise could be built. Gould developed Jumper: Griffin's Story as a backstory of the character's early childhood before the film.[33] Oni Press released a graphic novel that portrays several back stories related to the film titled Jumper: Jumpscars. the film set the record for the largest February release in Korea and had the first place position in 11 of the 30 markets it was released in. the author of Jumper and Reflex also wrote Jumper: Griffin's Story as a tie-in for the film. 2008. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 16% of critics gave the film positive reviews. edited into a tight.128 from the box office in the United States and Canada and $142. When writing the novel."[34] The novel was written by Nunzio DeFilippis and Christina Weir and illustrated by Brian Hurtt. the film maintained its number one position in international markets. 2008 in the United States and Canada. while slipping to the second position in the United States to the release of Vantage Point. Gould had to work closely with a producer of the film to ensure that the story did not conflict with the film's premise.231..600 screens in 3. one day before the film's wide release.[29] For the first two weekends of its release.[27] The film was targeted at an audience of both males and females below the age of 25.172.[24] Austin Chronicle's Marc Salov called the film ".pretty slick.''Jumper (film)'' 116 Critical reception The film received widespread criticism and negative reviews from critics.428 theaters from Friday to Sunday. based on 36 reviews.059. February 14.3 million on 4.186 with $80."[23] Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 35 out of 100." Box office The film was released Thursday.[32] Novel tie-ins Steven Gould. The novel. the consensus was "An erratic action pic with little coherence and lackluster special effects. [34] Soundtrack .net wrote that the film was "An impressive feat as a vehicle for Doug Liman to pull out the stops with some of the most jaw-dropping stunts shot in some of the most amazing locations on earth.[1] Jumper grossed $27.[30] The film's worldwide gross is $221."[25] Edward Douglas of ComingSoon. based on 156 reviews. A publisher for Oni Press commented on the tie-in to the film. ranking first for the weekend at the box office."[26] Empire had a verdict of "[Doug] Liman’s least charismatic action movie and the least developed. stating: "The world that was being built around these characters was so well-realized and the mythology so interesting that other stories about this conflict would be plentiful and add to what the filmmakers were building. The novel was released on February 13.058 from other territories. 2007. in the hopes of pulling in business on Valentine's Day. released on August 21.. Because Griffin had not appeared in the two prior novels. with an average score of 4/10.

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Jumper: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack

Film score by John Powell Released Label February 19, 2008 Lakeshore Records Professional reviews

Allmusic

[35]

The score for the film was released on February 19, 2008, after the film's release in theaters. The tracks were all written by John Powell. The music was conducted by Brett Weymark and performed by the Sydney Symphony Orchestra.[36]

Video game release
A video game titled Jumper: Griffin's Story was made for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 2, and Wii consoles. The storyline focuses on the character Griffin as he attempts to avenge the death of his parents. Nicholas Longano of the video game publisher Brash Entertainment stated, "From the very first script read, we knew this had to be made into a game. The teleportation elements make for some very compelling gameplay."[37] The game was released on February 12, 2008, two days before the film's wide release.[38] Game Rankings gave the Xbox 360 version of the game a 28% positive rating, based on 12 reviews.[39] The PlayStation 2 version received a 35% positive rating while the Wii version had a 23% positive rating.[39] Daemon Hatfield of IGN reviewed the Xbox 360 version and gave it a negative review: "Low production values, monotonous gameplay, and lackluster visuals make this a story you can jump past."[40]

''Jumper (film)''

118

Home media
The film was released on Blu-ray Disc and DVD in North America on June 10, 2008 and internationally on June 16.[41] Special features include a commentary, deleted scenes, an animated graphic novel, featurettes, and a digital copy allowing consumers to watch the film on portable devices.[41]

Sequel
Prior to the film's release, Hayden Christensen reflected on the possibility of one or more sequels: "This has definitely been set up in a way that will allow for more films, and Doug has been careful to make sure that he's created characters that will have room to grow."[9] Lucas Foster during production of the film stated in an interview: "The ideas got so large, that they really couldn't fit into, you know, one or two movies, they needed to evolve over at least three movies. So we planned the story out over three movies and then we sliced it up in such a way as to leave room for the other two movies."[3] In response to the film's box office performance, director Doug Liman has spoken of his ideas for a sequel. Among them are that Jumpers can reach other planets and travel in time, as well as their capacity for espionage. He has also stated that Rachel Bilson's character will learn how to jump (hinted by David falling unconscious before the jump from the river to the library), just as in Gould's sequel, Reflex.[42] In interviews that followed the release of film (as well as some of the featurettes on the DVD), Jamie Bell was critical of the finished product of Jumper, describing his frustration while they were shooting the film.[43]

References
[1] Gray, Brandon (February 18, 2008). "Jumper Teleports to the Top" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ news/ ?id=2454& p=. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [2] Roberts, Samuel (February 2008). "A Big Jump". SciFiNow. pp. 36–40. [3] Jumper-"Jumping From Novel To Film: The Past, Present and Future of Jumper" (Special Feature). [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. 2007. [4] Fleming, Michael (November 10, 2005). "Liman in Jumper suit" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117932799. html?categoryid=1238& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [5] Lytal, Cristy (February 10, 2008). ""Jumper" storyboard artist Rob McCallum draws on his comic book cred" (http:/ / www. latimes. com/ entertainment/ news/ movies/ la-ca-workinghollywood10feb10,1,44017. story?ctrack=2& cset=true). The Los Angeles Times. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [6] Snyder, Gabriel; Nicole Laporte (April 3, 2006). "Jumper gets hopping with trio" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117940911. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [7] Kit, Borys (July 10, 2006). "Jackson hops on Jumper" (http:/ / webcache. googleusercontent. com/ search?sclient=psy& hl=en& q=cache:http:/ / www. hollywoodreporter. com/ hr/ search/ article_display. jsp?vnu_content_id=1002802052& aq=f& aqi=& aql=& oq=& gs_rfai=& pbx=1). The Hollywood Reporter. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [8] Day, Aubrey (February 2008). "Leap of Faith". Total Film. pp. 65–69. [9] Dan (February 2008). "Briefing: Jumper". Empire: pp. 66–69. [10] Sampson, Mike (February 14, 2008). "Eminem Almost Had Hayden Christensen's Role In Jumper" (http:/ / www. mtv. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1581622/ story. jhtml). MTV. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [11] Laporte, Nicole; Gabriel Snyder (October 15, 2006). "Bilson joins Jumper" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117951969. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [12] Kiefer, Peter (December 17, 2006). "Oh My God, Can You Rent the Colosseum?" (http:/ / www. nytimes. com/ 2006/ 12/ 17/ movies/ 17kief. html?_r=1& ref=movies& oref=slogin). The New York Times. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [13] Edward, Douglast (February 13, 2008). "Spotlight on Jumper Director Doug Liman" (http:/ / www. comingsoon. net/ news/ movienews. php?id=41797). Coming Soon. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [14] McLean, Thomas (February 22, 2008). "Jumper: Using VFX to Disrupt Space and Time" (http:/ / vfxworld. com/ ?atype=articles& id=3556). VFXWorld. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [15] Tillson, Tamsen (January 26, 2007). "Crew member killed on sci-fi film set" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117958159. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [16] "Stagehand killed on set of Samuel Jackson film" (http:/ / www. msnbc. msn. com/ id/ 16833067/ ). Reuters (MSNBC). January 29, 2007. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [17] "Jumper role leaves Hayden battered" (http:/ / timesofindia. indiatimes. com/ International_Buzz/ Jumper_role_leaves_Hayden_battered/ articleshow/ 2696682. cms). The Times of India. January 14, 2008. . Retrieved May 5, 2009.

''Jumper (film)''
[18] McKee, Jenn (February 24, 2007). "And ... action! Film shot at bridge" (http:/ / www. mlive. com/ entertainment/ aanews/ index. ssf?/ base/ features-1/ 1172303187132380. xml& coll=2). Ann Arbor News. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [19] McKee, Jenn (February 10, 2008). "Extra credit: Local teens with bit parts in "Jumper" will see who made the cut at movie's debut this week" (http:/ / www. mlive. com/ entertainment/ annarbornews/ index. ssf?/ base/ features-2/ 120262926720400. xml& coll=2). Ann Arbor News. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [20] Gaudin, Sharon (January 17, 2008). "Teleportation: The leap from fact to fiction in new movie Jumper" (http:/ / www. computerworld. com/ action/ article. do?command=viewArticleBasic& articleId=9057664). Computerworld. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [21] Cardy, Tom (February 16, 2008). "Transforming a reluctant hero" (http:/ / www. stuff. co. nz/ entertainment/ 271253). The Dominion Post. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [22] Dawes, Bill (February 16, 2008). "Jumping Around with Weta" (http:/ / www. fxguide. com/ article467. html). Fxguide. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [23] "Jumper" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ jumper/ ). Rotten Tomatoes. . Retrieved April 17, 2010. [24] "Jumper (2008): Reviews" (http:/ / www. metacritic. com/ film/ titles/ jumper). Metacritic. . Retrieved April 17, 2010. [25] Salov, Marc (February 13, 2008). "Jumper" (http:/ / www. austinchronicle. com/ gyrobase/ Calendar/ Film?Film=oid:587899). The Austin Chronicle. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [26] Douglas, Edward (February 13, 2008). "Jumper" (http:/ / www. comingsoon. net/ news/ reviewsnews. php?id=42015). ComingSoon.net. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [27] Goodman, Dean (February 17, 2008). "Jumper leaps to top of North American box office" (http:/ / www. reuters. com/ article/ entertainmentNews/ idUSN1729760620080217?feedType=RSS& feedName=entertainmentNews& sp=true). Reuters. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [28] "Jumper (2008) - Weekend Box Office Results" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=jumper. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [29] Segers, Frank (February 18, 2008). "Fox's Jumper leaps to top of international chart with $28.2m in 30 markets" (http:/ / www. screendaily. com/ foxs-jumper-leaps-to-top-of-international-chart-with-282m-in-30-markets/ 4037390. article). Screen International. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [30] "Vantage Point tops US film chart" (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 7262421. stm). BBC News. February 25, 2008. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [31] "Jumper" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=jumper. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [32] "2008 Worldwide Grosses" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?view2=worldwide& yr=2008& p=. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [33] Reed Jr., Ollie (February 22, 2008). "Albuquerque author Steven Gould's book 'Jumper' makes successful leap to big screen" (http:/ / www. abqtrib. com/ news/ 2008/ feb/ 22/ albuquerque-author-steven-goulds-book-jumper-makes/ ). The Albuquerque Tribune. . Retrieved April 17, 2010. [34] "Preview: "Jumper: Jumpscars" — Prequel to Upcoming Film" (http:/ / www. comicbookresources. com/ ?page=article& id=12154). Comic Book Resources. December 13, 2007. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [35] "Review - Jumper soundtrack" (http:/ / www. allmusic. com/ album/ r1314815). allmusic. . Retrieved 2009-07-03. [36] "Jumper" (http:/ / www. soundtrack. net/ albums/ database/ ?id=4787). SoundtrackNet. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [37] Fritz, Ben (November 12, 2007). "Brash leaps on Jumper" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/ VR1117975876. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [38] "Brash Entertainment Announces Jumper Video Game" (http:/ / www. gamershell. com/ companies/ brash_entertainment/ 384530. html). GamersHell. November 13, 2007. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [39] "Jumper: Griffin's Story - X360" (http:/ / www. gamerankings. com/ htmlpages2/ 943992. asp?q=jumper). Game Rankings. . Retrieved April 17, 2010. [40] Hatfield, Daemon (February 26, 2008). "Brash leaps on Jumper" (http:/ / xbox360. ign. com/ articles/ 855/ 855149p1. html). IGN. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [41] Epstein, Ronald (April 2, 2008). "Jumper" (http:/ / www. hometheaterforum. com/ htf/ sd-dvd-film-documentary/ 270990-tcfhe-press-release-jumper-dvd-blu-ray. html). Home Theater Forum. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [42] Frosty (February 13, 2008). "Director Doug Liman — Exclusive Interview — Jumper" (http:/ / www. collider. com/ entertainment/ interviews/ article. asp/ aid/ 6955/ tcid/ 1/ pg/ 1). GamersHell. . Retrieved May 5, 2009. [43] "Jumper Star Jamie Bell on Working With Nut Jobs" (http:/ / www. maxim. com/ movies/ articles/ 56993/ jumperstarjamiebellonworkingwithnutjobs. html). Maxim. June 10, 2008. . Retrieved May 5, 2009.

119

com/title/tt0489099/) at the Internet Movie Database Jumper (http://www.''Jumper (film)'' 120 External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.boxofficemojo.metacritic.htm) at Box Office Mojo Jumper (http://www.imdb.com/film/titles/jumper) at Metacritic .allmovie.jumperthemovie.com/movies/?id=jumper.com/) Jumper (http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/jumper/) at Rotten Tomatoes Jumper (http://www.com/work/354680) at Allmovie Jumper (http://www.

and Eva Mendes.''Cleaner (film)'' 121 Cleaner (film) Cleaner Directed by Produced by Renny Harlin Steve Golin Avi Lerner Michael P. 2007 88 minutes  United States Written by Starring Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue English $17 million $3. Jackson.768. Jackson Ed Harris Eva Mendes Luis Guzmán Jose Pablo Cantillo Keke Palmer Robert Forster Screen Gems Millennium Films December 14. .452 (INT) [1] Cleaner is a 2007 thriller film directed by Renny Harlin. Flannigan Matthew Aldrich Samuel L. and starring Samuel L. Ed Harris.

Cutler is shocked to learn he may have unknowingly erased crucial evidence. When he is called in to sterilize a wealthy suburban residence after a brutal shooting. Cast Actor Samuel L. and performs much of the duties himself. and become entangled in a dirty criminal cover-up. Jim Vargas Rose Cutler Cherie Miguel Arlo Grange Det. Jackson Ed Harris Eva Mendes Luis Guzmán Keke Palmer Maggie Lawson Jose Pablo Cantillo Robert Forster Edrick Browne Marc Macaulay Rosalind Rubin Mike Guy Richard Folmer James Barnes Linda Leonard Role Tom Cutler Eddie Lorenzo Ann Norcut Det. The film currently holds an 18% fresh rating on Rotten Tomatoes.''Cleaner (film)'' 122 Plot Single father and former cop Tom Cutler has an unusual occupation: he owns and operates a crime scene cleanup company. Darrin Harris Vic Crying Woman Priest #1 Priest #2 Lawyer Francine Mason Ritchie Montgomery George Walton Patrick Kirton Jeff Lang . Reception The film received generally negative reviews from critics.

com/informaciondecontenido.312 DVD units.com/m/10008871-cleaner/) at Rotten Tomatoes .404 DVDs which translated to revenue of $7. 2008 and opened at #5 and sold 75. which gathered revenue of $1. It went on to sell 380.505. . the-numbers. php).rottentomatoes.php?con=861) • Cleaner (2007) Reviews (http://www. [2] http:/ / www.788. com/ movies/ 2008/ CLENR-DVD. com/ movies/ 2008/ CLENR. the-numbers.487.''Cleaner (film)'' 123 DVD Sales Cleaner was released on May 27.[2] References [1] "The Numbers" (http:/ / www. php External links • Cleaner (http://www.com/title/tt0896798/) at the Internet Movie Database • Cleaner trailer (http://videos.imdb.cinemavip.537. The Numbers.

based on the L. among others. 2007 United States English $3. Jackson. Canada. This film centers around the life and career of professional boxer Bob Satterfield. . Colorado. It was filmed in Calgary.242. Alberta.''Resurrecting the Champ'' 124 Resurrecting the Champ Resurrecting the Champ Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Rod Lurie Bob Yari Michael Bortman Allison Burnett Samuel L.427 [1] Resurrecting the Champ is a 2007 American drama film directed by Rod Lurie and written by Michael Bortman and Allison Burnett.[3] The film is set in Denver. Jackson Josh Hartnett Teri Hatcher Kathryn Morris Alan Alda Larry Groupe Rod Lurie/Julianna Raye Kevin J.[2] It stars Samuel L. Edelman Andrew Gowan Music by Cinematography Adam Kane Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Country Language Gross revenue Sarah Boyd Yari Film Group August 24.A. Times Magazine article by J. Moehringer.R. Josh Hartnett and Alan Alda.

172. (who works for a major Denver paper).[8] It has also been released in any other region formats. a male weepie" rather than being primarily focused on journalistic ethics or sports. Jackson as Champ Josh Hartnett as Erik Kernan Kathryn Morris as Joyce Kernan Dakota Goyo as Teddy Kernan Alan Alda as Ralph Metz Rachel Nichols as Polly Teri Hatcher as Andrea Flak Kristen Shaw as Perlmutter Nick Sandow as Rocky David Paymer as Whitley Harry J. with a 59% rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Peter Coyote as Ike Epstein Ryan McDonald as Kenny Chris Ippolito as Jaws John Elway as himself Jake Plummer as himself .573 in the United States and Canada. it took $69.R.[5] One reviewer praised the newsroom scenes as "authentic" and noted that the film was above all "about fathers and sons.[4] Reception The film received mixed reviews. Lennix as Robert "Bob" Satterfield Jr.854 in the rest of the world. In reality the actual reporter. does not learn that Satterfield is an impersonator until after the article is published and then seriously considers ignoring this fact for the sake of his burgeoning career. In the film the reporter. On a very limited release. Moehringer. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. J. Kernan Jr. Media releases This movie was released on Region One DVD widescreen on April 8. Moehringer then changed the focus of the article to "describe how he'd been duped. 2008.[6] Accuracy of film In an article about the film Los Angeles Times reporter Dana Parsons has said that the film largely distorts the actual events. did extensive research and discovered the boxer's true identity long before any article was ever published.''Resurrecting the Champ'' 125 Box office The film earned $3." [7] Parsons goes on to express irritation that the film depicted journalism in such a disparaging light.

Retrieved 2009-09-28.''Resurrecting the Champ'' 126 References [1] http:/ / www. latimes. amazon. com/ 1997-05-04/ magazine/ tm-55180_1_bob-satterfield& cd=20& hl=en& ct=clnk& gl=ca). 125.com/movies/reviews/ Resurrecting-the-Champ-review-3147-0. Los Angeles Times. com/ 2007/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 08/ 23/ review. htm [5] http:/ / uk.yarifilmgroup. com/ movies/ ?id=resurrectingthechamp.com (http://www.com" (http:/ / edition. "Film resurrects champ but takes punch at journalism" (http:/ / articles. htm [2] J. "RESURRECTING THE CHAMP" (http:/ / 74. Retrieved 2009-07-26.thecinemasource.resurrectingthechamp. com/ movies/ ?id=resurrectingthechamp. Los Angeles Times. CNN. . [7] Dana Parsons (2007-08-30).com/m/resurrecting_the_champ/) at Rotten Tomatoes Resurrecting the Champ (http://www. . 132/ search?q=cache:b39gi9wRM9gJ:articles.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Resurrecting the Champ review at TheCinemaSource.com. 2007-08-24. Retrieved 2010-05-22. .com/films/resurrectingthechamp/) Resurrecting the Champ (http://www.com" External links • • • • Official Movie Site (http://www.html) • The truth and the fiction (http://articles. imdb. boxofficemojo. [3] http:/ / www.com. com/ m/ resurrecting_the_champ/ [6] "Review: Movie is a 'Champ' . champ/ ).imdb.CNN.boxofficemojo. com/ title/ tt0416185/ [4] http:/ / www. 93. Moehringer (1997-05-04). rottentomatoes.rottentomatoes. com/ Resurrecting-Champ-Teri-Hatcher/ dp/ B000YDMPC4 http://www.com/2007/08/30/metro/me-parsons30) . [8] http:/ / www.com/title/tt0416185/) at the Internet Movie Database Resurrecting the Champ (http://www. boxofficemojo. com/ 2007/ aug/ 30/ local/ me-parsons30).R. latimes. cnn.com/movies/?id=resurrectingthechamp.latimes.

Jackson Mary McCormack Gabriel Yared Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Benoît Delhomme Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Peter Boyle Dimension Films Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer June 22. who earlier had directed the horror film Drowning Ghost.''1408 (film)'' 127 1408 (film) 1408 Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Mikael Håfström Lorenzo di Bonaventura Matt Greenberg Scott Alexander Larry Karaszewski Stephen King Short story John Cusack Samuel L. Jackson. although July 13 (a Friday the 13th) is mentioned as the release date in the trailer posted on the website. 2007 106 minutes United States English $25 million [1] $131. and Mary McCormack.S.242 1408 is a 2007 American horror film based on the Stephen King short story of the same name directed by Swedish director Mikael Håfström.998. . The cast includes John Cusack. on June 22. Samuel L. 2007. The film was released in the U.

Mike is pulled aside by the hotel manager. which houses the infamous "Room 1408".''1408 (film)'' The film follows Mike Enslin." echoing Olin's warning no one lasts in the room more than an hour. Viewing this as a challenge. Mike attempts to book a reservation for room 1408. who warns him that no one has lasted more than an hour in 1408. Desperate. winking at mike. and Mike responds the room cannot have her. before she crumbles to dust. When the countdown ends the room is suddenly restored to normal. The operator then reminds him Lily is on her way to the room. Through an anonymous warning (via postcard). They then proceed to destroy the walls of the room. During his examination the radio suddenly starts blaring "We've Only Just Begun" by the Carpenters. Mike decides to spend one night in the hotel although manager Olin (Jackson) warns him strongly against it. Gerald Olin (Samuel L. a very old but posh hotel in New York City. and gives him expensive alcohol and a file folder of information on the room to try and convince him. although his repeatedly unfruitful studies have left him disillusioned and pessimistic. but the conversation ends abruptly when the sprinkler system shorts out his laptop after Mike informs Lily where he is. Once inside the room. unimpressed thus far. A doppelgänger of Mike appears in a new chat window and urges Lily to come to the hotel herself. However. The room shakes violently and suddenly floods with water. but Mike assumes this is just a trick of Olin's. and his hand is crushed by a window sill. and the friendly female voice of the hotel operator informs him that he can relive the hour over and over forever. or take advantage of their "express checkout system. revealing Mike is still trapped in 1408. including his mentally ill father and his daughter's time in the hospital before her death. Mike has a series of bizarre experiences in the room. but the hotel will not rent him the room. and the digital display flickers and changes to read "60:00. smoking a cigarette as the flames spread. Interested yet skeptical. and after some reluctance he embraces her in tears. Mike uses his laptop to contact his estranged wife Lily by video chat. the Dolphin reluctantly reserves room 1408 for Mike. and when he climbs out onto the window ledge the windows to the other rooms have vanished. However." that is. 128 Plot synopsis Mike Enslin (John Cusack) is a skeptic and author who. he is chased through the air vents back into the roof by a corpse-like figure. and after returning to a normal life and reconciling with Lily assumes it was a dream. After his latest book. and Lily tells him the police have entered 1408 and the room is empty. Mike sees a hangman's knot and has a vision of him hanging himself. he receives an anonymous postcard from The Dolphin. Mike's career is essentially based on investigating allegedly haunted houses. Meanwhile the hotel is evacuated and Lily . All the while Mike is assailed by spectral visions of a blade-wielding maniac (Benny "The Jet" Urquidez). that the Fair Housing Act requires hotels to rent unoccupied rooms. Mike begins to attempt to leave the room but all his attempts fail: the doornob falls off the door. and the alarm clock resets itself to 60:00. after being informed by Mike's agent. then scalded when he attempts to wash it in the sink and boiling steam comes out the faucet. A vision of Katie appears to Mike. bearing the message "don't enter 1408". an author who specializes in the horror genre. Mike pulls out his Mini Cassette recorder and dictates on the room's dull and tired appearance. The room temperate drops to subzero when the laptop suddenly begins to work again. after the death of his daughter Katie (Jasmine Jessica Anthony). he visits the post office and recognizes a construction crew working as the hotel staff. Jackson). death. He also hallucinates visions of his family. Mike uses the bottle of alcohol from Olin to make a Molotov Cocktail and solemnly sets the room on fire. collapsing onto his side and seeing it under the rumble as it counts down. Arriving at the Dolphin. the result of a surfing accident earlier in the film. Later the song plays again. Shortly after Mike becomes deafened by a loud ringing. now burnt and destroyed. Sam Farrell (Tony Shalhoub). writes books where he visits and rates supernatural vacation spots despite his knowing they are fake. The phone rings. Mike eventually learns of the Dolphin Hotel in New York City. Mike surfaces on a beach. Olin attempts to bribe Mike to not stay in the room. Mike hears the alarm clock begin to play and searches for it. but refuses. and former victims of the room killing themselves. but Mike refuses and Olin reluctantly agrees to let him stay.

[9] . Jackson as Gerald Olin Mary McCormack as Lily Enslin Tony Shalhoub as Sam Farrell Len Cariou as Mike's father Jasmine Jessica Anthony as Katie Enslin Production In November 2003 and 2004. According to John Cusack. actor John Cusack was cast to star in the film. and during the move she hands him a box of items retrieved from the rubble of 1408. with the screenplay being rewritten by screenwriters Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski. actress Kate Walsh was cast to star opposite Cusack as the protagonist's ex-wife. He hears his daughter calling his name.[2] The alternate ending is the default ending on the Blu-ray release and on the two-disk collector's edition. The UK single DVD also uses this ending. becoming visibly upset when he hears Katie's voice on the tape.[4] In March 2006. He looks in the car mirror and imagines seeing a glimpse of Enslin's burnt corpse in the backseat. Lily overhears and stares at Mike in shock while Mike solemnly stares back. Mike declares 1408 the scariest site he has ever visited and hurls his ashtray through the closed window. with an apparition of Mike looking out the window and smoking a cigarette. The original ending sees the backdraft engulfing the room as Mike hides under the table. Olin approaches Lily and Mike's agent where he unsuccessfully attempts to give her a box of Mike's possessions including the tape recorder. causing a backdraft that consumes the room and Mike in flame. During Mike's funeral. while in his office Olin smiles and whispers "Well done. Firefighters enter the room and pull Mike to safety. Having heard and seen enough. Olin listens to the recording in his car. Cast • • • • • • John Cusack as Mike Enslin Samuel L.[6] In July." Mike recovers in a New York hospital. Dimension Films optioned the rights to the 1999 short story "1408" by Stephen King. hence why he claims "Mike did not die in vain". Mikael Håfström was hired to direct 1408. Canadian networks Space and The Movie Network broadcast this version of the film. Before being cut off Olin claims that the room was successfully destroyed and that it will no longer harm anyone ever again. Mike finds his tape recorder and after some tinkering gets it to play. She was replaced by actress Mary McCormack. The film ends at the gutted room. The studio hired screenwriter Matt Greenberg to adapt the story into a screenplay. and he tells her about Katie but Lily doesn't believe him. Enslin.[5] joined by actor Samuel L. A sound of a door closing is heard and the screen blacks out. Going back to his car. Mr. and disappears as he walks towards the room's door.[8] The Hotel Pennsylvania was used for many of the interior and room shots for the film. happy to see the room destroyed as he dies. The two reconcile and Mike moves back in with Lily. 129 Alternative (Original) ending Director Mikael Håfström has stated that the ending for 1408 was reshot because test audiences felt that the original ending was too much of a "downer".[3] In October 2005.''1408 (film)'' is seen in traffic on her way to the hotel when the crowd emerges on the street. Olin places the tape recorder back in the box and drives off. the Roosevelt Hotel in New York was used for some of the exterior shots of the Dolphin. Lily at his bedside.[7] but she was forced to exit in August due to scheduling conflicts with her role on Grey's Anatomy. and the recorder replays his conversation with Katie. This is also the only ending on the iTunes version. Jackson the following April.

com/ article/ VR1117946620. Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle wrote a very positive review. the film had an average score of 64 out of 100. . Retrieved 2007-05-06. "Walsh's room is '1408'" (http:/ / www. net/ movies/ f/ 1408. [4] "Hafstrom to direct '1408'" (http:/ / www. Box Office Mojo. He offered significant praise for Cusack's performance as Mike Enslin. believing it to be a predictable. "'1408' gets another guest" (http:/ / www. com/ film/ titles/ 1408). [7] Ian Mohr (2006-07-11). 1408 is certainly no Shining. com/ article/ VR1117948401. and a 2-Disc Collector's Edition that contains both versions of the ending and 12 more minutes of the film. Rotten Tomatoes. . Home media The DVD was released on October 2.[17] The film went on to gross US$132 million. html?categoryid=1238& cs=1). Variety. Although he believed the film "conjures a wonderful anticipatory mood of dread in the first 30 minutes". Retrieved 2007-05-07.DVD News [3] David Rooney (2003-11-05). "hit and miss" production. 2007 with a standard 1-Disc Edition (widescreen or fullscreen). . [8] Ian Mohr (2006-08-13). html?categoryid=13& cs=1). Not even the TV-movie version. believing 1408 lacked that film's "lunging horror and dramatic architecture". Like Morris. metacritic. found the film to be underwhelming. rottentomatoes.[13] Several critics. He ultimately believed the film to be a "more genuinely scary movie than most horror films". com/ article/ VR1117940923. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). "Cusack finds a room in King's '1408'" (http:/ / www. [11] "1408 (2007): Reviews" (http:/ / www. . com/ article/ VR1117939468. praising it as "the best horror film of the year". variety. Retrieved 2007-05-06. writing that "this is John Cusack's movie to carry. Variety."[15] Box office In its opening weekend. He went on to compare the film unfavorably to The Shining. [12] Review: 1408 (http:/ / www.6 million in 2. com/ movies/ ?id=1408. variety. "Dimension checking into room '1408'" (http:/ / www. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). Variety. Salem wrote that "Even as haunted hotel King movies go.[14] Rob Salem of the Toronto Star awarded the film two stars out of four.''1408 (film)'' 130 Reception 1408 opened on June 22. reelviews. Retrieved 2007-05-06. [5] Ian Mohr (2006-03-08). Retrieved 2007-05-06. based on 27 reviews. Retrieved 2007-11-03. based on 154 reviews. grossing US$20. fandango.[12] Many critics believed the film to be far superior to other adaptations of Stephen King novels and stories. 2007 to generally positive reviews. html Advance Hint At 1408 DVD Contents . . however.Movie Tickets and Theatre Showtimes (http:/ / summermovies. . [6] Michael Fleming (2006-04-03). he ultimately believed the film "then blows it to stylish smithereens".[16] 1408 had a production budget of US$25 million. . a similar King adaptation. cinemablend. Variety. Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe wrote a mixed review. html?categoryid=13& cs=1). "1408" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. . describing the film as "one of the good Stephen King adaptations. html?cs=1). com/ article/ VR1117931616. of which US$71. He found the film to be a refreshing experience. Variety. variety. Retrieved 2007-05-07. [2] http:/ / www. Metacritic. describing the film as "a lot of consonants and no vowels". "'1408' books a new tenant" (http:/ / www. and he has no problem taking it where it needs to go". 78% of critics gave the film positive reviews. believing it "reminds us what it's like to be scared in a theater rather than overwhelmed by buckets of blood and gore".[18] References [1] Box Office Mojo (2003-11-05).[11] James Berardinelli awarded the film three stars out of four. the film opened in second place at the box office.[10] On Metacritic. variety. com/ roadtripmyfav.678 theaters. [9] Fandango Summer Movies . php?fid=15) [10] "1408 . html) . com/ m/ 1408/ ).9 million was from Canada and the United States. com/ dvdnews/ Advance-Hint-At-1408-DVD-Contents-4676. one that maintains its author's sly sense of humor and satiric view of human nature". variety.Rotten Tomatoes" (http:/ / www. 2005-10-25. . htm). Retrieved 2007-05-06. Variety. com/ article/ VR1117895189. variety.[17] It was The Weinstein Company's last box-office hit until Inglourious Basterds two years later. Retrieved 2007-11-03.

2007" (http:/ / www. Epatha Merkerson Michael Raymond-James John Cothran. .com/movies/?id=1408. thestar.com/title/tt0450385/) at the Internet Movie Database • 1408 (http://www. [16] "Weekend Box Office Results for June 22–24. "As thrillers go. Mick (2007-06-22). "Checkout time? Much sooner than you think" (http:/ / www. . . Retrieved 2010-10-27. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2010-04-18. David Banner Son House Scott Bomar Music by . com/ entertainment/ article/ 228197). [15] Salem. 131 External links • 1408 (http://www. com/ cgi-bin/ article.''1408 (film)'' [13] LaSalle. boston. The Boston Globe.com/work/351266) at Allmovie • 1408 (http://www. com/ ). . "'1408': Hoary movie" (http:/ / www. . boxofficemojo.boxofficemojo. The San Francisco Chronicle. . cgi?file=/ c/ a/ 2007/ 06/ 22/ DDGMVQHUUE14. [14] Morris. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=2007& wknd=25& p=. com/ movies/ display?display=movie& id=9186). Jackson Christina Ricci Justin Timberlake S. com/ movies/ ?id=1408. Box Office Mojo. sfgate. 1408-themovie. [18] "Official web site" (http:/ / www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Black Snake Moan (film) Black Snake Moan Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Craig Brewer Stephanie Allain John Singleton Craig Brewer Samuel L. htm). Jr. boxofficemojo. The Star (Toronto). htm). Retrieved 2007-11-03. [17] "1408 (2007)" (http:/ / www. Wesley (2007-06-22). DTL& ytpe=movies).imdb. '1408' leaves too much room for fun" (http:/ / www.allmovie. Retrieved 2007-11-03. Rob (2007-06-22).

Epatha Merkerson). Meanwhile. Ronnie attacks Gill. and continues searching for Rae. and Rae (Christina Ricci). Ronnie returns to town after being discharged from the National Guard due to his severe anxiety disorder. While searching for Rae. R. After Rae regains her wits. Jackson. comparing him unfavorably with another man. visits Lazarus at his house and discovers that Lazarus is imprisoning Rae. and feeds her home-cooked meals. Gill dumps Rae. but eventually comes to tolerate her position.903. Rae. and Justin Timberlake. Ronnie's friend Gill (Michael Raymond-James) tries to take advantage of her. steals his truck. while the plot. Christina Ricci. Ronnie spots Rae and follows her to Lazarus' house. He plays a blues concert at a local bar. Plot The film centers on two main characters: Lazarus (Samuel L. he meets Gill. He confronts the pair with a pistol. Angela (S. Tennessee National Guard. Later. Rae and Lazarus take a trip into town. barefoot by the side of the road and drives away. Lazarus frees Rae. The title of the film derives from the 1927 Blind Lemon Jefferson song. The pastor tries to reason with Lazarus and the group shares a meal. Lazarus's wife and his brother were having an affair. and in his absence she has bouts of promiscuity and drug use. but Lazarus talks him down and summons the pastor. 2006 United States March 2. It was filmed in and around Stanton. not least in its title and soundtrack. Jackson). as confirmed by director Brewer in the commentary to the DVD of the film. Meanwhile. Lazarus discovers Rae unconscious in the road the next morning and brings her home to nurse her back to health. 2007 117 minutes United States English $15 million $10. Lazarus announces that it is his spiritual duty to heal her of her sinful ways and refuses to release her until he does so. Lazarus' pastor and close friend. During one of Rae's binges. which has left him a bitter and angry man. Lazarus buys her a proper dress to wear. delirious with fever. and he severely beats her. Lazarus has formed a budding romance with the local pharmacist. Over the course of several days. Tennessee. Rae's boyfriend Ronnie (Justin Timberlake) leaves for deployment with the 1960th Field Artillery Brigade. He ties her to the radiator with a heavy chain to keep her from running away. is loosely based on George Eliot's 1861 novel Silas Marner. plays guitar for her. In the morning. a young nymphomaniac. She laughs at his advances. having decided that he has no authority to pass judgment on her. Rae chooses to stay with Lazarus of her own will. who has disappeared. which Rae attends. Believing she's dead. (John Cothran Jr.846 132 Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Black Snake Moan is a 2006 film written and directed by Craig Brewer.[1] The film draws numerous references to the Mississippi Blues movement. where Rae confronts her mother (Kim Richards) about the sexual abuse she suffered at the hands of her mother's partner. who informs him that Rae cheats on him whenever he is out of town. a deeply religious farmer and former blues guitarist. Ronnie and Rae decide that they are stronger together than .''Black Snake Moan (film)'' Cinematography Amy Vincent Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Billy Fox Paramount Vantage Butt-Numb-A-Thon December 9. occasionally wakes up and tries to flee from Lazarus.L. Rae makes several attempts to escape. Later Lazarus goes to see Tehronne (the man who Lazarus thought had beaten her) and learns of her promiscuity.). and stars Samuel L.

awarded the film only 1 star out of 5.'"[6] Reception Critical response Reviews for the film were mixed.[2] [3] Ricci wore an actual 40-pound (18 kg) chain during filming[4] and ate only foods of no nutritional value to achieve a sickly appearance. 'Put some clothes on!'" she says. Williams as Lincoln James Michael Raymond-James as Gill Morton Adriane Lenox as Rose Woods Leonard L.[10] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone declared the film the year's Worst Soft-Core Sex on his list of the Worst Movies of 2007. saying this was Ricci's best performance and Jackson's best performance since Pulp Fiction (1994). filmmaker Kevin Smith. Jackson spent six or seven hours a day for half a year learning how to play blues guitar for several songs he plays throughout the film.[11] Criticism of the film was echoed in parody during the beginning of the Family Guy episode "Something. Jackson as Lazarus Redd Christina Ricci as Rae Doole Justin Timberlake as Ronnie John Cothran. Rotten Tomatoes reported a 65% "Fresh" rating based on 150 reviews. Matt Glasby of Film4. Epatha Merkerson as Angela David Banner as Tehronne Kim Richards as Sandy Doole Son House (archive footage) as Himself Neimus K.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' apart and get married. Thomas as Deke Woods Production For the film. Ronnie suffers a panic attack and Rae begins to break down. Dark Side". calling it a "pressure-cooked mess" that was "bad enough to make gums bleed". Smith praised Ricci and Jackson.3 out of 10[8] while Metacritic awarded the film an average rating of 52 out of 100 based on 34 reviews. Something. as R. 'No.[7] On the television program Ebert & Roeper.[9] The film was also criticized by feminist activists for its portrayal of sexualized violence. you don't understand. Jr. S. "I was like.[5] She told Entertainment Weekly that she remained scantily-clad even when the cameras weren't rolling: "Sam [Jackson] would be like. . While driving away. described the film as the best of the year thus far.L. with an average rating of 6. 2010. Something. Richard Roeper also gave the film a "thumb up" rating. but together they overcome their afflictions. filling in for Roger Ebert. I'm doing something important.[7] As of June 22. however. 133 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L.

. 2007 by New West Records featuring various artists including three tracks performed by Jackson himself.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' 134 Box office During its March 2 – 4. I have no interest in exploiting women any further than they've already been exploited. opining that it exploited women: “ The way that movie was marketed was probably one of the most disappointing and upsetting things that's ever happened to me in my career. The 17 tracks cover classic to modern blues.[12] [13] Marketing In April 2008. 2007 opening weekend in the US the film earned $4 million. Christina Ricci commented on the promotional movie poster for the film.. 2007 Blues New West various Black Snake Moan was released January 30.All they [marketing bosses] cared about was [14] college-age boys going to see it. Track listing . ” Soundtrack Black Snake Moan Soundtrack by various Released Genre Label Producer January 30. putting it in eighth place behind films including other new releases Wild Hogs and Zodiac.

"The Chain" 13. "Chicken Heads" 7. Title 1. "Standing in My Doorway Crying" 6. "Opening Theme" 2.” ” ” James B. Sarah Linn of Sound the Sirens Magazine wrote in her final paragraph. "Ronnie and Rae's Theme" 12. Eldred at Bullz-Eye."[15] Chad Grischow at IGN reviewed the album at length. "The album does an excellent job at capturing the sweaty underbelly of the southern blues scene. Critical reviews Glenn Gaslin at Moving Pictures Magazine briefly reviewed and praised the album: "It should make anyone who loves the blues. "Ain't But One Kind of Blues" 3. these 17 tracks are sure to give anybody. indie rockers. "Just Like a Bird Without a Feather" 4. both classic and modern.” Son House.com concluded his favorable review with. down-and-out but hopeful."[16] On February 16. even if not for the reasons you originally picked it up. concluding with. "Lord Have Mercy on Me" 11. it’s also a great introduction to the blues.[18] Blues fans. "That's Where the Blues Started" 17. and can be best summed up by the “Father of the Delta Blues. "Mean Ol' Wind Died Down" Length 0:38 0:11 2:22 3:13 4:40 2:32 4:04 3:00 2:33 3:04 1:08 2:50 3:48 3:30 4:10 0:21 7:31 Reception The soundtrack album was well received by critics. 2007. "Black Snake Moan" 8. blues fan or not. He says this on the blues: “Sometimes that kind of blues will make you even kill one another … or do anything. "Old Black Mattie" 16. a major taste of what blues music embodies: human struggle. each track is drunk and steeped on old-time blues. "The Losing Kind" 10. er. "Alice Mae" 14. Not only does it prove that one of film’s great hard-asses can sing. customers and the public at large. "Morning Train" 9.[17] “ “ As a stand-alone album. happy. and is a recommended listen. and those who worship at the Church of Jackson should pick up this soundtrack. . "When the Lights Go Out" 5. that kind of love … that’s where the blues started. Rootsy and spiritual.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' 135 No. "Stack-o-lee" 15.

channel4.0. Box Office Mojo. net/ php/ article. com/ film2/ DVDReviews32/ Black_Snake_Moan_blu-ray.0. .649. [10] "Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / feministing. Retrieved 2007-12-20 [12] "BLACK SNAKE MOAN" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. "V/A: Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / web. html).com/20050624/features/blacksnakemoanpreview. com/ ew/ article/ 0. Bullz-Eye. Retrieved 2007-05-18. Moaning MF'n Snakes.Black Snake Moan Soundtrack" (http:/ / music. htm). com/ articles/ index. Retrieved 2007-05-18. feministing. yahoo. Retrieved 2007-11-05. Samuel L Jackson Talks About "Home of the Brave". com/ m/ black_snake_moan). org/ web/ 20071023073508/ http:/ / www. news. [18] Eldred.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' Commercial rankings As of May 20. craveonline. Retrieved February 20. html). . [17] Linn. Retrieved 2008-05-20. metacritic. com/ od/ homeofthebrave/ a/ bravesj120106_2. soundthesirens. [9] "Black Snake Moan Review" (http:/ / www. . [16] Grischow. php?id=33. Box Office Mojo. com/ filmtv/ articles/ 04647479/ moaning_mfn_snakes.0). htm).com/shop?d=hv&id=1809233868&cf=info) (cited 2 September 2006) • Black Snake Moan at Real Movie News (http://www. Retrieved February 20. php?id=390). Black Snake Moan (http://movies. dvdbeaver.com. . com/ cdreviews/ eldred/ various_artists-black_snake_moan_soundtrack. Retrieved 2007-03-04. . [15] Gaslin. 2007. asp?j=253196310& p=z53y97xy6).com. it was #91 in Regional Blues and #13 in Delta Blues. Sarah (2007-02-16). Amazon. rollingstone.shtml) (cited 2 September 2006) • Yahoo Movies.0. Amazon. References General sources: • Blackfilm. 2007.0) on 2007-10-23. . Amazon. com/ news/ story/ 17686508/ peter_travers_best_and_worst_movies_of_2007/ 17) Rolling Stone. com/ film/ reviews/ film. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. June 2005: BLACK SNAKE MOAN preview: An Interview with Director Craig Brewer (http:// www. [13] "Weekend Box Office. March 2–4. amazon. com/ movies/ ?id=blacksnakemoan. com/ dp/ B000L211NC/ )"]. [2] "About. Peter. com/ 070223/ 139/ 6cfij. . 2007. .0. html). .[19] 136 Notes [1] "DVD commentary as reported in LensViews review of Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / www.894 in its music category.com.com" (http:/ / movies. . com/ archives/ 006058. [4] "The Two-One-Three" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-05-18. com/ articles/ index. soundthesirens. . movingpicturesmagazine. php?id=33. about. htm). bullz-eye. html). (December 19. 2007) "Peter Travers' Best and Worst Movies of 2007" (http:/ / www. Amazon. Ireland On-Line. . Retrieved 2008-04-21. James B. html).. Moving Pictures Magazine. 2008-04-19.1. Retrieved 2007-11-05. Sound the Sirens Magazine.00.realmovienews. ew. Black Snake Moan. [11] Travers.com.com ranked the album #8. com/ weekend/ chart/ ?yr=2007& wknd=009). archive. Glenn. htm).649. Retrieved 2007-04-20. Retrieved February 20. When considered within the blues subcategories. "Various Artists . rottentomatoes. com/ film/ titles/ blacksnakemoan) at Metacritic [8] "Black Snake Moan" (http:/ / www. 2008.com. "Black Snake Moan Soundtrack" (http:/ / www. . [14] "Ricci upset by 'Black Snake Moan' marketing" (http:/ / breakingnews. . [19] "Black Snake Moan [SOUNDTRACK (http:/ / www. [7] Black Snake Moan (film) (http:/ / www. Film4.com/movies/4061) (cited 29 November 2006) .1. IGN. Retrieved 2007-11-05. the213. Chad (2007-02-28). "Various Artists: Black Snake Moan Soundtrack" (http:/ / www.com.blackfilm.yahoo. .. . News Corporation.com. [5] "Yahoo Entertainment News" (http:/ / in. jsp?id=161454). ign. iol. [3] "Crave Online" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2007-11-05. [6] "Entertainment Weekly" (http:/ / www. ie/ entertainment/ story.20013072. com/ articles/ 760/ 760860p1. com/ reviews/ soundtracks/ blacksnakemoan). . 2007" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.

moanmovie.com/movies/?id=blacksnakemoan.''Black Snake Moan (film)'' 137 External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.com/work/331163) at Allmovie Black Snake Moan (http://www.allmovie.imdb.boxofficemojo.htm) at Box Office Mojo .com/) Black Snake Moan (http://www.rottentomatoes.com/title/tt0462200/) at the Internet Movie Database Black Snake Moan (http://www.com/m/black_snake_moan/) at Rotten Tomatoes Black Snake Moan (http://www.

Whoopi Goldberg. 2007 80 minutes United States English $5 million Music by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Farce of the Penguins is a 2007 American direct-to-video parody film of the 2005 documentary March of the Penguins. The motion picture features Samuel L. John Stamos. Jackson Christina Applegate Dave Coulier Lori Loughlin John Stamos Jodie Sweetin Scott Weinger Whoopi Goldberg Dane Cook Peter Rodgers Melnick THINKFilm January 30. Christina Applegate. and Lewis Black. and more. Dane Cook. with the two main characters being voiced by Bob Saget. Other additional voices were provided by Tracy Morgan. THINKFilm describes Farce of the Penguins as the story of "one penguin's search for love while on a 70-mile trek with his libidinous buddies on their way to a hedonistic mating . Mo'Nique. Five of Saget's former Full House co-stars (Dave Coulier. Abe Vigoda. Jodie Sweetin. and Scott Weinger) also lent their voices to the film.''Farce of the Penguins'' 138 Farce of the Penguins Farce of the Penguins DVD cover Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Bob Saget David Permut Bob Saget Bob Saget Samuel L. Lori Loughlin. who also wrote and directed the movie. Jackson as narrator. James Belushi.

and Steve the snowy owl (Jonathan Katz). it uses real stock footage of penguins. 2007 and on Tom Green Live that he originally wanted to simply redub the documentary March of the Penguins but did not receive permission from the filmmakers. imdb. Jackson as Narrator Bob Saget as Carl Lewis Black as Jimmy Christina Applegate as Melissa Mo'Nique as Vicky Tracy Morgan as Marcus Whoopi Goldberg as Helen Mario Cantone as Sidney Jonathan Katz as Steve the Owl External links • Farce of the Penguins [2] at the Internet Movie Database • Farce of the Penguins [3] at Allmovie References [1] http:/ / www. 2007. 139 Plot Samuel L. neatorama. a penguin who likes to kid around and brag about his huge penis (an illogical point. Meanwhile Melissa (Christina Applegate) and Vicky (Mo'Nique) argue about men and other women who bother them as they wait for their mates to arrive to the breeding grounds. Bob Saget stated on The Howard Stern Show on January 29. since penguins do not have penises[1] and instead have cloacas). allmovie.''Farce of the Penguins'' ritual. Cast • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. com/ 2007/ 04/ 30/ 30-strangest-animal-mating-habits [2] http:/ / www. who gives Carl advice on his life in a Freudian kind of way while billing him for the two quick sessions. Jackson narrates the story about a group of male penguins that make a 70 mile trek to go to their breeding grounds where females are waiting to have sex with them. Farce of the Penguins is not an animated feature. These penguins include Carl (Bob Saget) and Jimmy (Lewis Black). Late Night with Conan O'Brien on January 30. two friends who talk about relationships and other things as they meet new characters including Marcus (Tracy Morgan). The MPAA rated the film with an R for pervasive crude sexual content and language. com/ work/ 348999 . com/ title/ tt0488539/ [3] http:/ / www." Despite what the poster suggests.

Washington. Jackson Jessica Biel 50 Cent Christina Ricci Chad Michael Murray Stephen Endelman Music by Cinematography Tony Pierce-Roberts Editing by Distributed by Clayton Halsey Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Millennium Films Nu Image December 15. .620 Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Home of the Brave is a 2006 drama film following the lives of four Army National Guard soldiers in Iraq and their return to the United States. 2006 206 minutes United States English $12 million $499. The film was shot in Morocco and in Spokane.''Home of the Brave (2006 film)'' 140 Home of the Brave (2006 film) Home of the Brave Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Story by Starring Irwin Winkler Irwin Winkler Irwin Winkler Mark Friedman Mark Friedman Samuel L.

SGT Vanessa Price (Jessica Biel).708 at the box office domestically and $447.912 in the rest of the world.[4] [5] . but hammy direction and a script lacking in nuance ruins this movie’s noble intentions. SGT Vanessa Price. planning on showing it to a wider audience later in the year. Rotten Tomatoes currently gives Home of the Brave a 22% rating on its site. only to be met with an improvised explosive device hidden in the carcass of a dead dog. Club named it in its top 100 flops. indicating "rotten reviews". 2006 for Oscar consideration. "The ensemble cast works hard. It was re-released on May 11.''Home of the Brave (2006 film)'' 141 Plot Shortly after learning their unit will soon return home."[2] The A. a driver. SPC Tommy Yates (Brian Presley). American soldiers LTC William Marsh (Samuel Jackson). On the way they are caught in an ambush by insurgents. having been somewhat protected from the blast by her front seat passenger who is instantly killed. Jackson as LTC William "Will" Marsh Jessica Biel as SGT Vanessa Price Brian Presley as SPC Tommy Yates 50 Cent as SPC Jamal Aiken Chad Michael Murray as PVT Jordan Owens Christina Ricci as Sarah Schivino Victoria Rowell as Penelope Marsh Mark Anthony Parrish as Soldier #2 Vyto Ruginis as Hank Yates Billy Michael as "test taker" Reception Box office The film was opened in only 3 theaters in 2006 and earned $51. protracted whimper" and Stephen Holden from The New York Times said you "feel as if you have just sat through an earnest made-for-television movie" and in the end "an honorable dud". 2007 in 44 theaters. SPC Jamal Aiken (50 Cent) and PVT Jordan Owens (Chad Michael Murray) are sent on a final humanitarian mission to bring medical supplies to a remote Iraqi village.V. When Jordan Owens and Jamal Aiken head out to shoot down the attackers. The forward vehicles of the convoy are trapped in the narrow street where they are forced to fight the attackers. The consensus stated. a recruit soldier in their team is shot and killed. Critical reception The film received negative reviews from critics. Cast • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. the production studio re-thought the release pattern and decided to pull it from theaters. is seriously wounded. While pursuing the young boys who left the bomb along with other attackers.[3] TV Guide gave the film 2 stars out of 5 and commented that the film "starts with a bang and ends in a long. but this did not increase the film's financial earnings. The rear vehicles manage to escape the initial barrage by taking a side-street.[1] Originally released on December 15. Aiken trips on loose bricks from a broken wall so Owens continues on alone to find the shooters in a graveyard.

. boxofficemojo. php). html).735. com/ movies/ 2007/ HMBRV-DVD.[6] Awards It was nominated for a Golden Globe award for Best Original Song ("Try Not To Remember") which was performed by Sheryl Crow. the-numbers.com/movies/?id=homeofthebrave06. 2009. Retrieved September 4.905 units sold. com/ 2006/ 12/ 15/ movies/ 15brav.com/sites/homeofthebrave/) Home of the Brave (http://www.V.DVD Sales" (http:/ / www. [7] "Prism Awards: Winners & Nominees" (http:/ / www. [2] "Home of the Brave (2006)" (http:/ / www. . "Home Of The Brave" (http:/ / movies. "Home of the Brave (2006)" (http:/ / movies. Retrieved 2010-07-24.htm) at Box Office Mojo . nytimes. Jessica Biel and Samuel Jackson each received a Prism award for Performance in a Feature Film. Retrieved September 4. Club. [4] Ken Fox (2006). rottentomatoes. com/ articles/ my-year-of-flops-case-file-77-home-of-the-brave-20.mgm. [3] Nathan Rabin (18 October 2007). Rotten Tomatoes.imdb. . 2010. .''Home of the Brave (2006 film)'' 142 Home media The Numbers reported 236. Entertainment Industries Council.allmovie. The A. accounting for revenue of $4. com/ movies/ ?id=homeofthebrave06.com/work/343824) at Allmovie Home of the Brave (http://www. New York Times. com/ m/ home_of_the_brave/ ?name_order=asc). Box Office Mojo. "My Year Of Flops Case File #77 Home Of The Brave (2006)" (http:/ / www.731. com/ winners/ ). prismawards. Retrieved September 4. . . Retrieved 2010-07-24. [6] "Home of the Brave . com/ home-brave/ review/ 284464). External links • • • • Official website (http://http://www.com/title/tt0763840/) at the Internet Movie Database Home of the Brave (http://www. Retrieved 2010-07-24. htm). .boxofficemojo.[7] References [1] "Home of the Brave (2006)" (http:/ / www. 2009. TV Guide. tvguide. [5] Stephen Holden (15 December 2006). avclub. 2009. The Numbers. Retrieved 2010-07-24.10420/ ).

000 [1] Screenplay by Story by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget . the staff belonging to the Greek god Hermes.000. Jackson Julianna Margulies Nathan Phillips Bobby Cannavale Rachel Blanchard Terry Chen Kenan Thompson Todd Louiso Elsa Pataky Trevor Rabin Adam Greenberg Howard Smith Mutual Film Company New Line Cinema August 17. Taylor John Heffernan David Dalessandro Samuel L. Directed by Produced by David R. 2006 (United States) 105 minutes United States English US$33. Ellis Craig Berenson Don Granger Gary Levinson David J.''Snakes on a Plane'' 143 Snakes on a Plane Snakes on a Plane The image on the film poster is a reference to the caduceus. 2006 (Puerto Rico) August 18. Taylor John Heffernan Sebastian Gutierrez David J.

2007. he reveals that he obtained the snakes for Kim. fan-made videos. His supply of anti-venom is commandeered for the plane's victims. unaware of the snake. Flynn discovers that the cockpit is filled with snakes and Rick is dead.25 million in its opening weekend. Before and after the film was released. it was parodied and alluded to on television shows and films. Despite the immense Internet buzz. New Line Cinema incorporated feedback from online users into its production. The plane's captain.''Snakes on a Plane'' Gross revenue US$62. due to the film's title. causing a food trolley to crash through the luggage blockade. and a couple having sex in the lavatory are the first killed. and various forms of literature. Jackson) and John Sanders (Mark Houghton) on a Boeing 747-400 to testify in a trial in Los Angeles. Troy (Kenan Thompson). forming large fanbases online and becoming an Internet phenomenon. who have made their way to the front of the plane. In response to the Internet fan base. Harris contacts Flynn telling him that anti-venom will be ready for the passengers when they land.[2] [4] The film grossed US$62 million worldwide before its release on home video on January 2. The film gained a considerable amount of attention before its release. Some of the snakes attack Rick. Three Gs' (Flex Alexander) bodyguard. The film was written by David Dalessandro. Steven Price (Todd Louiso). Agent Flynn contacts FBI Special Agent Hank Harris (Bobby Cannavale) on the ground who gets in touch with ophiologist Dr. the film received generally good reviews with 68% of reviews positive and an average normalized score of 58%. A cat in the cargo bay.014 [1] 144 Snakes on a Plane is a 2006 American horror[2] /thriller film[3] directed by David R. and while fending them off he accidentally releases the oxygen masks throughout the plane. causing the plane to depressurize. and Sheldon Turner and follows the events of hundreds of snakes being released on a passenger plane in an attempt to kill a trial witness. After a shootout with the dealer. 2006. After a brief discussion. After everybody gets prepared. and Harris gives orders to have Eddie Kim arrested. 2006 in North America. . To ensure the snakes attack the passengers without being provoked. Agent Flynn and Flight Attendant Claire (Julianna Margulies) regain control of the plane. Price believes a Los Angeles snake dealer to be responsible. including Agent Sanders. The passengers flee to the upstairs first class cabin before blocking the stairwell with an inflatable liferaft. Jackson. believes Sam has suffered a heart attack and continues toward LAX. but is killed by the viper that caused it. Co-pilot Rick (David Koechner). It was released by New Line Cinema on August 18. Kim arranges for a time-release crate full of venomous snakes to be placed in the cargo hold in an attempt to bring down the plane before it reaches Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). Sean Jones (Nathan Phillips) is escorted by FBI agents Neville Flynn (Samuel L. With pictures of the reptiles emailed to him via a mobile phone. The crate opens midway through the flight and the snakes make their way through the cabin. put up blockades of luggage to stop the snakes. the film's gross revenue did not live up to expectations. and premise. respectively. he has one of his henchmen spray the passengers' leis with a special pheromone. Flynn shoots out two windows with his pistol. according to the review aggregator websites Rotten Tomatoes and Metacritic. Despite increased security for the flight. investigates and fixes an electrical short. video games. Rick retakes the controls and has Flynn go into the cargo hold to restore the air conditioning/ventilation system. agrees to land the plane based on prior experience.022. and added five days of reshooting. Released in the United States and United Kingdom on August 18. are killed. Numerous passengers. John Heffernan. Rick is attacked and the plane starts to dip downwards. and snakes drop into the cabin with them. The snakes are blown out of the cockpit and the lower floor of the plane. The surviving passengers. earning US$15. Sam McKeon. casting. Ellis and starring Samuel L. Plot After witnessing gangster Eddie Kim (Byron Lawson) commit a murder in Hawaii. However.

the senior flight attendant • Bruce James as Ken. He originally wrote the screenplay about the brown tree snake loose on a plane. learned about the announced project in the Hollywood trade newspapers and. McKeon's co-pilot • Bobby Cannavale as Special Agent Hank Harris. a University of Pittsburgh administrator and first-time Hollywood writer. titling the film Venom. the film was going to be directed by Hong Kong action director Ronny Yu. However. Just as Flynn and Sean are about to disembark the plane. a famous rapper who keeps a bottle of hand sanitizer with him and refuses to be touched by others • Kenan Thompson as Troy. a blonde flight attendant who is attracted to Sean • Casey Dubois as Curtis. a socialite passenger who brings her pet Chihuahua Mary-Kate aboard • Flex Alexander as Three G's.''Snakes on a Plane'' Flynn and Troy take the controls of the plane and Troy reveals that his flight experience was from a video game flight simulator. a female passenger who brings her infant son aboard • Tom Butler as Capt. Jackson as Agent Neville Flynn. after talking to Yu. Three G's bodyguard • Keith Dallas as Big Leroy. an arrogant English businessman who is unhappy to stay on coach class due to the last-minute arrangement of first class • Terry Chen as Chen Leong.[5] Jackson. Flynn draws his gun and shoots the snake.[7] . which took over the rights for production. Flynn's contact in Los Angeles • Byron Lawson as Eddie Kim. a young boy sent to the plane along with his brother Tommy by their naval officer father • Daniel Hogarth as Tommy. then—crediting the film Alien—revised it once again to include "lots of them loose in the fuselage of a plane. Three G's second bodyguard • Lin Shaye as Grace. 145 Cast • Samuel L. and paramedics rush to Sean. an FBI agent assigned to protect Sean Jones on his flight to Los Angeles • Julianna Margulies as Claire Miller. who had previously worked with Yu on The 51st State. Curtis' younger brother • Gerard Plunkett as Paul.[5] He soon revised it. Originally. Capt. Flynn's partner also assigned to accompany Sean • Todd Louiso as Dr. He developed the concept in 1992 after reading a nature magazine article about Indonesian brown tree snakes climbing onto planes in cargo during World War II. followed up by New Line Studios. storyline. Sean later takes Flynn to Bali and teaches him how to surf. a brunette flight attendant • Nathan Phillips as Sean Jones. agreed to sign on without reading the script based on the director. the captain of the plane • David Koechner as Rick. a male flight attendant • Sunny Mabrey as Tiffany. a producer for MTV/Paramount showed interest in the script. the plane makes it to the terminal. After an emergency landing. and the title."[6] Dalessandro's third draft of Venom was turned down by more than 30 Hollywood studios in 1995. a martial artist who is among the passengers • Elsa Pataky as Maria. The passengers leave the plane and anti-venom is given to those who need it. Steven Price. a surfer who witnesses a brutal murder committed by Eddie Kim • Rachel Blanchard as Mercedes. a crime syndicate leader who has snakes planed aboard the plane to prevent Sean from testifying against him • Mark Houghton as Agent John Sanders. a snake jumps out and bites Sean in the chest. in 1999. expanding upon the premise to include a plague of assorted venomous snakes. the snake venom expert assigned by the FBI to communicate with Flynn Development The story is credited to David Dalessandro. who is unharmed due to a bulletproof vest. Sam McKeon.

''Snakes on a Plane'' The film's title and premise generated a lot of pre-release interest on the Internet. One journalist even wrote that Snakes on a Plane is "perhaps the most internet-hyped film of all time".[8] Much of the initial publicity came from a blog entry made by screenwriter Josh Friedman, who had been offered a chance to work on the script.[9] The casting of Jackson further increased anticipation. At one point, the film's working title was altered to Pacific Air Flight 121.[10] In August 2005, Jackson told an interviewer, "We're totally changing that back. That's the only reason I took the job: I read the title."[11] On March 2, 2006, the studio reverted the title to Snakes on a Plane.[12] New Line hired two additional writers to smooth out the screenplay.[6] Taking advantage of the Internet buzz for what had been a minor film in their 2006 line-up, New Line Cinema ordered five days of additional shooting in early March 2006 (principal photography had wrapped in September 2005).[13] While re-shoots normally imply problems with a film, the producers opted to add new scenes to the film to change the PG-13 rating to R and bring it in line with growing fan expectations. The most notable addition was a revision of a catchphrase from the film that was parodied on the Internet by fans of the film, capitalizing on Jackson's typically foul-mouthed and violent film persona: "Enough is enough! I have had it with these motherfucking snakes on this motherfucking plane!".[5] Subsequently, the public responded favorably to this creative change and marketing strategy, leading some members of the press to speculate that "the movie has grown from something of a joke into a phenomenon".[5] [14] [15] [16]

146

Snakes
More than 450 snakes were used for filming to represent thirty different species of snakes.[17] The different species include a 19-foot Burmese python named Kitty (which the crew called Kong for film purposes), a Scarlet Kingsnake (the non-venomous double for the coral snake), a milk snake to fill in for the Taipan (which attacks the couple having sex), corn snakes, rattlesnakes, and mangrove snakes.[18] About two-thirds of the snakes seen throughout the film were either animatronic or computer generated.[18] The snakes that were real were mostly the non-venomous ones that are never seen attacking anyone. A Scarlet Kingsnake was one of the many snakes The scenes where someone is clearly bitten were often done with the used during filming most animation. According to the DVD, all the snakes had production names, but only Scarface (an animated pit viper), Peanut (a cobra), and Kong are mentioned by name in the audio commentary. During filming, Jackson did not come into contact with any live snakes, due to a contract clause preventing snakes from being within 25 feet (8 m) of the actor.[5] When the film was released in theaters, rumors circulated that two live diamondback rattlesnakes had been released at a showing of the film on August 22, 2006 in Phoenix, Arizona. It was later revealed that one snake had made its way into the lobby of the theater on its own, and another had been found in the parking lot in a separate incident. The snakes were later released back into the desert.[19]

''Snakes on a Plane''

147

Media coverage
Print
Black Flame published the novelization of the film, written by Christa Faust.[20] The 405–page novel contains significant backstories for the characters and introduces other characters that were not featured in the film.[21] An illustrated book from Thunder's Mouth Press, Snakes on a Plane: The Guide to the Internet Ssssssensation by David Waldon, details the Internet phenomenon and was published July 28, 2006. Waldon details various viral videos relating to the film's craze, and interviewed their producers to find out what about the film captured their attention.[22] Comic book writer Chuck Dixon wrote a comic book adaptation of the film. DC Comics released the two-issue miniseries on August 16, 2006 and September 27, 2006 under their Wildstorm imprint.[23]

Music

On March 16, 2006, New Line Cinema announced a contest on TagWorld and a website promoting the film.[24] [25] The contest allowed artists on TagWorld to have their music featured in the film. A flood of SoaP-themed songs were submitted by artists such as Captain Ahab (who ultimately won the contest), Louden Swain, the Former Fat Boys, Nispy, and others. In addition, a music video for the film, "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" by Cobra Starship, was released on July 10, 2006 on MTV2's Unleashed. The music video appeared on the film's soundtrack as well as during the film's closing credits. In October 2005, Nathanial Perry and Chris Rohan recorded an audio trailer spoof, which helped fuel the Internet buzz. Perry and Rohan recorded the "motherfucking snakes" line in the audio trailer which was added to the film during the week of re-shoots. In July 2006, New Line Cinema signed a worldwide licensing agreement with the Cutting Corporation to produce an audiobook of the film.[26]

Samuel L. Jackson promoting the film at Comic-Con Convention in July 2006

Television
Beginning in May 2006, episodes of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart and its sister show The Colbert Report contained references to Snakes on a Plane's title, the catch phrase, and general premise. On August 15, 2006, Samuel L. Jackson guest featured on The Daily Show, opening with the film's catch phrase. Keith Olbermann featured stories about the film and Internet buzz several times on his MSNBC news program Countdown. In addition, G4's Attack of the Show! featured a semi-regular segment entitled "Snakes on a Plane: An Attack of the Show Investigation", and even had a week dedicated to the film which included interviews and the appearance of hundreds of snakes on set.[27]

Internet
Snakes on a Plane generated considerable buzz on the Internet after Josh Friedman's blog entry[9] and mentions on several Internet portals. The title inspired bloggers to create songs, apparel, poster art, pages of fan fiction, parody films, mock movie trailers, and even short film parody competitions.[28] [29] On July 6, 2006, the official Snakes on a Plane website started a promotional sweepstakes called "The #1 Fan King Cobra Sweepstakes". The contest made innovative use of the publicity-generating potential of the Internet, requiring contestants to post links on forums, blogs, and websites and collecting votes from the users of those sites.

''Snakes on a Plane'' Many of the early fan-made trailers and later other viral videos and commercials circulated via YouTube, and captured media attention there with such titles as: Cats on a Plane (which was featured in Joel Siegel's review of Snakes on a Plane on Good Morning America), Snakes Who Missed the Plane, All Your Snakes Are Belong To Us (a spoof of the All your base are belong to us phenomenon), and Steaks on a Train.[29] Several websites also held contests about the film in fan-submitted short films and posters. In August 2006, Varitalk launched an advertising campaign in which fans could send a semi-personalized message in Jackson's voice to telephone numbers of their choosing.[30] Within the first week, over 1.5 million calls were sent to participants.[30]

148

Previews
In June 2006, New Line commissioned famed UK audio-visual film remixers and chop-up artists Addictive TV to cut and sample Snakes on a Plane to create trailers for the U.S. television networks. The official teaser trailer premiered before X-Men: The Last Stand, and the first official trailer appeared online on June 26, 2006.[29] Another trailer circulated in July 2006, showing several of the snake attacks and a missing pilot and co-pilot. Rotten Tomatoes had video clips of the official trailers, as well as fan-made trailers.[31] During a July 21, 2006 panel discussion at the Comic-Con Convention in San Diego, California, a preview clip from the film was shown to a crowd of more than 6,500 people. The panel included actors Samuel L. Jackson and Kenan Thompson, director David R. Ellis, and snake-handler Jules Sylvester.[32]

Release
"No movie shall triumph over Snakes on a Plane. Unless I happen to feel like making a movie called More Motherfucking Snakes on More Motherfucking Planes." —Samuel L. Jackson, joking that the film would win the MTV Movie Award for "Best Film" in 2007
[12]

Snakes on a Plane debuted on August 18, 2006. The film opened in 3,555 theaters and had some late-night screenings on August 17. In a move meant to exploit the attention from the film, a straight-to-DVD B-movie horror film with a supernatural twist, Snakes on a Train, was released on August 15, 2006, three days before the film's theatrical release.[33]

Critical response
In mid-July 2006, New Line Cinema revealed that it would not be showing any advance screenings for critics.[34] After the film opened, the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported that 68% of critics gave the favorable rating based on a sample of 166 reviews, with an average score of 6.2/10.[31] At the website Metacritic, which uses a normalized rating system, the film earned a mixed rating of 58/100 based on 31 reviews by mainstream critics.[35] Reviewers reported audiences cheering, applauding, and engaging in "call and response", noting that audience participation was an important part of the film's appeal.[36] [37] The Arizona Republic's Randy Cordova gave the film a positive review, calling the film "... an exploitation flick that knows what it wants to do, and it gets the job done expertly." and a "... Mecca for B-movie lovers."[38] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle enjoyed the film, asking his readers "... if you can find a better time at the movies this year than this wild comic thriller, let me in on it."[39] Boston Globe reviewer Ty Burr reacted to Samuel L. Jackson's performance by saying he "... bestrides this film with the authority of someone who knows the value of honest bilge. He's as much the auteur of this baby as the director and screenwriters, and that fierce glimmer in his eye is partly joy."[40] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film one and a half stars out of four, saying that "...after all the Internet hype about those motherfuckin' snakes on that motherfuckin' plane, the flick itself is a murky stew of shock effects repeated so often that the suspense quickly droops along with you[r] eyelids."[41] David Denby of The New Yorker

The enhanced portion of the CD contains what was considered the "best of the best" of the amateur Internet creations inspired by the film.25 million in its opening days.[1] Robert K. a disappointment for New Line Cinema. and trailers. it did not meet these estimates and grossed only $15. stated that he was "disappointed" that Snakes on a Plane was a "dud" despite "higher expectations". industry analysts estimated the film's opening box office to be between US$20-30 million. the film fell to sixth place with $6. 2006. "Ophidiophobia" by Cee-Lo Green 5. the founder of New Line.022.."[42] 149 Box office Due to the Internet hype surrounding the film.[43] [44] [45] However. The DVD features commentaries. 2006 Decaydance Records New Line Records Jason Linn Producer Professional reviews • • Allmusic RapReviews [49] [50] The soundtrack for the film was released on August 15. "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" by Cobra Starship 2. 2006 in Region 4.[46] The press declared that Snakes on a Plane was a "box office disappointment".4 million. 2009. by the end of its theatrical run. December 28. "Can't Take It" (The Baldwin Brothers "El Camino Prom Wagon" Remix) by The All-American Rejects 6.[2] [4] with The New York Times reporting that after all the "hype Online. 2007 in Region 1. Shaye. nearly double the budget. deleted and extended scenes. "Black Mamba" (Teddybears Remix) by The Academy Is. a more than fifty percent drop from its opening weekend revenue.. Blu-ray was released on September 29. The single "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" peaked at the 32nd position of Billboard's Hot Modern Rock Tracks in 2006.. and January 2."[4] Home media Snakes on a Plane released on DVD December 26. 2006 in Region 2.''Snakes on a Plane'' claimed that the film ". including the songs "Snakes on the Brain" by Captain Ahab and "Here Come the Snakes (Seeing Is Believing)" by Louden Swain. Snakes on a Plane is letdown at box office"[47] and Entertainment Weekly reporting that the film was an "internet-only phenomenon.[4] While Snakes on a Plane did narrowly beat Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby for the number one position during its opening weekend.S. the film generated the equivalent of $62. The U. "The Only Difference Between Martyrdom and Suicide Is Press Coverage" (Tommie Sunshine Brooklyn Fire Remix) by Panic! at the Disco 3. may mark a new participatory style in marketing. "Queen of Apology" (Patrick Stump Remix) by The Sounds ..[48] Soundtrack Snakes on a Plane: The Album Soundtrack by Various artists Released Label August 15. 4. several featurettes.[51] 1.014 worldwide.[2] In its second weekend. but it still gulls an allegedly knowing audience with the pseudo-morality of yesteryear. Cobra Starship's music video.

Retrieved September 21. 2006). RedandBlack. com/ pg/ 06228/ 713732-254. MTV Movies. Publishers Weekly. redandblack. post-gazette. 2009. "Lovely Day" by Donavon Frankenreiter 16. 2009. [7] Tyrangiel.00. com/ movies/ ?page=main& id=snakesonaplane. org/ web/ 20080205090848/ http:/ / www. mtv. imdb. . Archived from the original (http:/ / www. nytimes. [9] Friedman. David R. Chicago Sun-Times. Susan (April 18. com/ 2006/ 08/ 21/ movies/ 21box. [14] Honeycutt. "Oh Sssssnap!" (http:/ / www. [15] Loder. hollywoodreporter. Chris (2006-07-22). [2] Waxman. August 16. redorbit. html). com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1538874/ 08182006/ story. Retrieved May 11.00. . ew. Entertainment Weekly. [20] Chavez. 2006). .00.V. blogspot. 2005). London: The Guardian. ew. htm). Pittsburgh Post Gazette. [4] Rich. org/ web/ 20070212160345rn_1/ www. John (August 16. "Around the Horn" (Louis XIV Remix) by The Bronx 10. com/ movies/ news/ articles/ 1538874/ 08182006/ story. Joshua (August 20.6115. Mark (August 18. [10] Wloszczyna. Inspires. "Snakes on a Plane: Wild Fang" (http:/ / web. 2009. 2009. Kit (March 24. [11] "'Snakes on a Plane': The Cult" (http:/ / www. Retrieved May 11. . time.''Snakes on a Plane'' 7. [13] Borys. Jackson" (http:/ / www. html?ref=arts). org/ web/ 20080505073424/ http:/ / www. Retrieved May 11. "'Snakes on a Plane' sssssssays it all" (http:/ / www. Josh (April 24. Retrieved September 21. 2008. "New Friend Request" (Hi-Tek Remix) by Gym Class Heroes 9. "Hey Now Now" by Michael Franti & Spearhead 17. Stefan. com/ time/ nation/ article/ 0. 2006. . 2009. 2009. 2006). hollywoodreporter. Retrieved May 11. Chris (August 17. archive. [5] Jensen. . . stm) on February 5. [17] Carle. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Retrieved May 10. Box Office Mojo. The Hollywood Reporter. April 12. com/ hr/ search/ article_display.1229136_1_0_.8599. . Laughs. "Snakes on Samuel L. Time. guardian. . www. co. "Remember to Feel Real" (Machine Shop Remix) by Armor for Sleep 11. . Retrieved September 21. 2006). com/ media/ storage/ paper871/ news/ 2006/ 08/ 17/ OutAbout/ snakes. 2006). . "Of All the Gin Joints in All the World" (Tommie Sunshine's Brooklyn Fire Retouch) by Fall Out Boy 8. "Final Snakes" by Shranky Drank 14. "Bruised" (Remix) by Jack's Mannequin 13. com/ articles/ 720/ 720471p1. com/ thr/ film/ article_display. post-gazette. nationalgeographic. com/ life/ movies/ news/ 2006-04-17-snakes_x. 2008. 2009. com/ news/ 200608/ 1155699900. 2006). [16] Pearlman. Retrieved May 11. 2006). "Snakes on a Plane leaves critics flying blind" (http:/ / film. . Donna (December 3. Cindy (August 13. Retrieved May 11. jsp?vnu_content_id=1003019676). [19] Reuters (August 22. "After Hype Online. 2006). "'Snakes' inspires laughs. ""Snakes on a Plane": Behind the Scenes With the Movie's Snake Wrangler" (http:/ / news. . "Kicking Asp" (http:/ / www. 2006). com/ content/ node/ 51670)). htm). . Retrieved May 11. 2008. "'Snakes on a Plane' scares up a following based on Hollywood's frightful track record" (http:/ / web. html). html). Fear-2567540. 2006). com/ coms2/ summary_0286-33572497_ITM) (Registration required). "I find your lack of faith disturbing: Snakes on a Motherfucking Plane" (http:/ / hucksblog. com/ news/ 2006/ 07/ 060724-snakes-plane. "PW talks with Christa Faust: smoking in the boys' room" (http:/ / www. mtv. Sharon (August 21.The Theme" (Score) by Trevor Rabin 150 References [1] "Snakes on a Plane (2006)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. . [8] Brown. usatoday. com/ ew/ report/ 0. "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / web. USA Today. 2009. [6] Hayes. html). shtml). . 2007). Retrieved May 11. Retrieved May 11. "Fan frenzy for 'Snakes' is on a different plane" (http:/ / www. Kirk (August 21.6115. ( Interview (http:/ / www. Retrieved September 21. "Wine Red" (Tommie Sunshine's Brooklyn Fire Retouch) by The Hush Sound 12. jhtml). "Comic-Con 2006: Snakes on a Plane Panel" (http:/ / movies. Retrieved May 11. Retrieved September 21.1219727_1_0_. html). Red Orbit. jhtml) on May 5. Not. archive. html). "Rattlers freed in 'Snakes on a Plane' theater prank" (http:/ / www. Josh (August 17. not fear" (http:/ / media. 2009. Retrieved on May 11. jsp?vnu_content_id=1002234847). 2009. 2008. Entertainment Weekly.1186739. com/ title/ tt0417148/ news?year=2006). com/ ew/ report/ 0. html). "Kicking Asp: Jackson is fed up with snakes" (http:/ / www. 2008. html). com/ 2005/ 08/ snakes-on-motherfucking-plane. accessmylibrary. archive. Kurt (August 18. free-press-release. Club. 2006). 2008. stm). com/ news/ entertainment/ 627860/ rattlers_freed_in_snakes_on_a_plane_theater_prank/ index. 2009. avclub. "Snakes on a Plane" Is Letdown at Box Office" (http:/ / www. Internet Movie Database. . 2009. com/ pg/ 06228/ 713732-254.com. 2008. Interview with Keith Phipps. 2009. Jeff (August 4. 2006).. Retrieved May 11. 2006.1852937. html). [12] Homer. . 2006). 2009. National Geographic. [3] Ellis. Retrieved May 11. "Snakes on a Plane . 2009. "Wake Up" (Acoustic) by Coheed and Cambria 15. . [18] Lovgren. A.00. The New York Times. Retrieved May 11. uk/ news/ story/ 0. ign. The Hollywood Reporter. .

"Can't stop the 'Snakes'" (http:/ / blogs. USA Today. The New Yorker. 2009.Home" (http:/ / web. ign. archive. Retrieved October 19. 2006. Newsday. asp). . [28] "(Blanks) on a (Blank): A Filmmaking Challenge Inspired by "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / web. [30] Leo. Noah (August 22. [31] "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. htm). Retrieved May 11. ISBN 1-56025-971-X. 2009. 2006. Alexandra (August 15. [34] Arnold. [44] "Snakes on a Plane (2006)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. org/ web/ 20070517033240/ http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. archive. Binh (August 27. Peter (August 18. 2006). 2006). [45] Rich. August 27. graphicaudio. . [41] Travers. 2009.0. com/ album/ r847279). Johan (June 14. . 2009. Seattle Post Intelligencer. [24] "TagWorld and New Line Cinema Team for Snakes on a Plane Soundtrack Contest" (http:/ / www. boston. com/ news/ comments/ ?entryid=357860). "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. Rob (August 18. Thunder's Mouth. tv. Mick (August 18. Retrieved May 11. net/ press/ 20060807press. . [35] "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / www. variety. newsday. ""Snakes" as bad as it wants to be. [26] "Snakes on a Plane in GraphicAudio" (http:/ / web. html). 2007). 2009. Retrieved May 11. 2009. Retrieved October 19. . html). William (August 17. 2009. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 11. html?ref=arts). X-Games" (http:/ / www. 2009. [27] "Snakes on a Plane. "Snakes on a Plane: The Album" (http:/ / www. com/ review/ VE1117931346. php?movie=15043& reviewer=416). 2006). com/ news/ comments/ ?entryid=357860) on February 5. Variety. Retrieved July 22.983553. com/ entertainment/ movies/ ny-etmovsnakesaug19. Joe (August 18. David. . The Arizona Republic. 2006). . [32] Matheson. . pdf& images=yes) (PDF). EFilm Critic. org/ web/ 20080506095702/ http:/ / www. "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / efilmcritic. com/ snakesonaplane) on March 25. Retrieved May 11. "Disasters" (http:/ / www. [48] McCutcheon. 2009. "Get ready for a wild ride with 'Snakes on a Plane'" (http:/ / www. Retrieved May 11. 2009. 2009. 2009. Snakes on a Plane: The Guide to the Internet Ssssssensation. 2006). com/ 2007/ 02/ 19/ business/ media/ 19new. [39] LaSalle. story?coll=ny-moviereview-headlines) on February 5. TV. com/ archive/ 2006/ 09/ 04/ 060904crci_cinema?currentPage=2). com/ ?page=article& id=7308). David (2006). cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2006/ 08/ 18/ DDSNAKES. com/ cgi-bin/ article. Black Flame. sfgate. seattlepi. "After Hype Online. com/ 2006/ 08/ 21/ movies/ 21box. allmusic. The New York Times. [25] "TagWorld :: snakesonaplane's . MetaCritic. com/ popcandy/ 2006/ 07/ cant_stop_the_s. . 2006). ew. [22] Waldon. org/ web/ 20060822023104/ http:/ / www. Retrieved May 11. Sharon (February 19. Christa (2006). com/ ent/ movies/ articles/ 0819snakes0819. . Retrieved May 11. 2009. tagworld. Randy (August 19. Retrieved May 11. pdfdownload. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& nid=2562). Whitney (July 22. [49] Apar. Retrieved May 11. com/ reviews/ movie/ 6823919/ review/ 11202102/ snakes_on_a_plane). newsday. IGN. 2006). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ display?display=movie& id=8383). 2009. 2006). com/ snakesonaplane/ Main/ Snakes-Tagworld_Release. Retrieved October 19. Retrieved May 11. html). . Retrieved May 11. 2008. com/ articles/ 101/ 1019093p1. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. archive. 2007. com/ attack-of-the-show!/ snakes-on-a-plane-x-games/ episode/ 979587/ summary. [37] Seymour. archive. org/ web/ 20080205102628/ http:/ / www. . usatoday. 2009. php?url=http:/ / web. . azcentral. 2006. Gene. html). 2009. "Box Office Wrapup: "Invincible" Scores #1 Opening" (http:/ / web. Rolling Stone. David (August 18. 2009. Retrieved July 22. . "Snakes on a Delayed Flight" (http:/ / bluray. graphicaudio. . go. 2008. The New York Times. com/ ew/ report/ 0. . com/ review. Joshua (August 28. Retrieved July 22. com/ Business/ story?id=2313405& page=1). 2006).''Snakes on a Plane'' [21] Faust. [40] Burr. 2009. 2009. 2009. 2009. [33] Leydon. story?coll=ny-moviereview-headlines). 2006). org/ pdf2html/ pdf2html. . 2009. newyorker. 2006). html). Entertainment Weekly. rottentomatoes. Graphic Audio. 2009. . . 2006). nytimes. comicbookresources. com/ film/ titles/ snakesonaplane). .6115. Corey. html). tagworld. archive. . . 2010. metacritic. net/ press/ 20060807press.00. an Identity Crisis" (http:/ / www. ""Snakes On A Plane" comes to life on the Internet" (http:/ / news10now. Rotten Tomatoes. "If Samuel L. Would You See His Movie?" (http:/ / abcnews. html). [38] Cordova. [42] Denby. [43] Ngo. rollingstone. Retrieved May 11. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 2006). ISBN 1-84416-381-4. com/ content/ sports/ ?ArID=21324& SecID=32). Retrieved May 11. rottentomatoes. [36] Gonsalves. nytimes. "Fewer movies are being prescreened for critics — and that's a good thing" (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20060325054903/ http:/ / www. . DTL& type=movies).0. tagworld.com. com/ snakesonaplane). 151 . "Snakes on a Plane" Is Letdown at Box Office" (http:/ / www. 2006). . Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 11. Entertainment Weekly. Snakes on a Plane. Boston Globe. Ty (August 18. . 2009. Retrieved May 11. [47] Sharon Waxman (August 21. archive. "For New Line. "Box Office Report: Touchdown!" (http:/ / www. [29] Robischon. "Wildstorm/Chuck Dixon do "Snakes On A Plane" Comic" (http:/ / www. com/ entertainment/ movies/ ny-etmovsnakesaug19. Retrieved May 11. March 16. com/ movies/ 281456_snakes17. Box Office Mojo. "Snakes on a Train" (http:/ / www. com/ movies/ ?page=weekend& id=snakesonaplane. com/ m/ snakes_on_a_plane/ ?page=1). Retrieved May 11. org/ web/ 20080205052632/ http:/ / www. aspx).983553. [46] Waxman. "Snakes on a Plane" (http:/ / web. San Francisco Chronicle. 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html).boxofficemojo.com/m/snakes_on_a_plane/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Snakes on a Plane (http://www. 152 External links • Official website (http://http://web.com/film/titles/snakes-on-a-plane) at Metacritic .''Snakes on a Plane'' [50] Juon. Billboard. RapReviews.newline.com/work/313497) at Allmovie • Snakes on a Plane (http://www. "Snakes on a Plane: The Album" (http:/ / www. rapreviews.allmovie.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Snakes on a Plane (http://www.com/properties/ snakesonaplane. 2010.com/movies/?id=snakesonaplane.metacritic.com/title/tt0417148/) at the Internet Movie Database • Snakes on a Plane (http://www. .imdb. Retrieved April 7.archive.html) (archived version) • Snakes on a Plane (http://www.rottentomatoes. Steve. com/ archive/ 2006_09_snakesonaplane.org/web/20080424042529/www. [51] "Hot Modern Rock Tracks".

2006 113 minutes United States English Italian $14. Jackson Julianne Moore James Newton Howard Cinematography Anastas Michos Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Gross revenue Nick Moore Revolution Studios Columbia Pictures February 17. Richard Price adapted his own novel.655. Jackson and Julianne Moore. Joe Roth directed the film. which touches on themes of covert racism.628 Freedomland is a 2006 American crime drama-mystery film starring Samuel L.''Freedomland (film)'' 153 Freedomland (film) Freedomland Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Joe Roth Scott Rudin Charles Newirth Richard Price Samuel L. .

he starts to drive home and realizes he’s being followed. She drove out to the woods and dug his grave with her bare hands. Initially it doesn't seem to work. Lorenzo leaves in horror and runs into his partner outside. They start to question him when Lorenzo and Brenda’s brother show up. They beat him. and other officers have to drag them apart.''Freedomland (film)'' 154 Plot The movie opens with Brenda (Julianne Moore) wandering through the Projects at night. who has helped a sketch artist do a rendering of the man who took her car. Lorenzo takes her back to the police department and they talk. how she knows who did it. She tells her how she wishes she knew where her son was. He'd overdosed on the cough syrup. The movie cuts to Lorenzo (Samuel L. Lorenzo takes Brenda home. She leads them to another park. He declines their help and goes home. so she could have sex with Billy without interruption. Lorenzo asks his partner to stall them for one more day. but he suspects that there’s something she’s not telling him. she talks to Brenda. and he heads for the hospital. She would feed Cody cough syrup.both as a tribute and to keep animals away. the night Billy would end this relationship. predominantly white. a police officer. Tensions grow as the local media cover the story extensively. The white town’s cops show up at the projects and arrest a man. goes into the emergency room and reveals her hands. he visits his incarcerated son. Brenda then confesses she was having an affair with Billy. despite her son's warnings that she would be sorry. When she returned. who are trying to pick up a criminal on a warrant from the next town. in which Cody is buried. a mother tells her to stay away from her child. ordering an exhumation. Lorenzo reacts to this with an asthma attack. she found Cody dead under the table. There’s still no sign of Cody. then checks up on Brenda. When Brenda realized what happened. Lorenzo asks her once again and Brenda cracks and tells them that that is the wrong place. Realizing that the case will be turned over to Federal investigators. He gets a call about seeing Brenda to take a report on her stolen car. The searchers gather and Lorenzo learns that their leader lost her son about ten years before. buried him. The police begin to search for Brenda's son. She goes by the day care center where she works and the children try to cheer her up. Her brother over-reacts and calls every cop car to seal up the projects and look for clues. and both Brenda and Billy . she shifts the context of the sentence to asking Brenda. He pulls over and finds out it’s a volunteer group that helps look for missing kids. Gradually. As they search. One night. It is also revealed that Brenda's brother is a police officer in the next. drag him back to the precinct and hold up the drawing of the wanted man. Lorenzo signs an arrest warrant. whom he resembles. She eventually comes to a hospital. Then she called her ex-lover and asked him to help. was in the back seat of her car when it was stolen. Brenda is in shock. and one of the hospital's doctors gives him a shot of adrenaline. that Cody is her life and she would never hurt him. Lorenzo calls in the volunteer group and suggests they search Freedomland. a man from the projects. Brenda walked out to see the man. but after a few minutes. but can’t prove it. Jackson). but as they're leaving. Lorenzo again asks Brenda what really happened to Cody and she pleads with him to believe her. As she’s leaving. He carried Cody out there. and his partner. After dropping her off at her place. They also feel that taking Brenda there will get the truth out of her via the psychological impact of the place. and tensions are going through the roof around the projects. Cody wouldn't fall asleep and they had a fight. town. to get him to sleep. Lorenzo calls in the forensic team. He also realizes Brenda couldn't have moved such heavy rocks. Brenda's brother goes into a rage and beats the man. she reveals to Lorenzo that Cody. in which they find a shallow grave covered with heavy rocks. It’s the site of an old foundlings’ home abandoned for years . and put the rocks over the grave . The next day. her four-year-old son. she lost it. She runs through what she would like to say to the man to get him to tell her where the body is.and the only place in the area that a small child could wander or hide for some time. not knowing what to do. which are cut and covered in blood.

com/movies/freedomland/index. Brenda is charged with criminal negligence in court and sits in prison awaiting trial. Later on.boxofficemojo. Jackson as Officer Lorenzo Council Julianne Moore as Brenda Martin Edie Falco as Karen Collucci Ron Eldard as Danny Martin William Forsythe as Boyle Aunjanue Ellis as Felicia Anthony Mackie as Billy Williams Marlon Sherman as Cody References External links • Official website (http://http://www. several tenants do not. Lorenzo attempts to break up fights but ends up getting struck by a billy club when pulling a tenant off of a fellow cop. He promises he'll visit her. and thanks his partner for bringing him there.sonypictures.helping other prisoners. Lorenzo reads an elegy about life.html) • Freedomland (http://www. as they walk away.''Freedomland (film)'' are taken away. cops jumped and arrests made everywhere.com/title/tt0349467/) at the Internet Movie Database • Freedomland (http://www. he and his partner go to a memorial to Kent. the police make their presence known in the projects due to the tensions over the arrest of another black man. people beaten. she says she loves him for his heart. The situation erupts into a full-scale riot. Lorenzo visits Brenda in prison and tells her to channel her grief into something positive .htm) at Box Office Mojo .com/movies/?id=freedomland. Tensions are even higher. Among them is a young man Lorenzo has been trying to keep out of trouble. Fires are set.imdb. and thanks him. who throws the first punch at a police officer saying "Y'all have a good night". That night. 155 Cast • • • • • • • • Samuel L. However. the search mother's dead son. and Lorenzo implores both sides to calm down and step back before things go too far. The next day. Then he visits his son and breaks down into tears. and Cody.

''The Man (film)'' 156 The Man (film) The Man Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Les Mayfield Kent Alterman Toby Emmerich Robert N. Jackson Eugene Levy Miguel Ferrer John Murphy Adam Kane Peter Fandetti Jeffrey Wolf New Line Cinema September 9. based on the story by Jim Piddock and Margaret Oberman. Samuel L.393. The Man is directed by Les Mayfield and produced by Rob Fried from a screenplay by Jim Piddock. New Line Cinema released The Man in Canada (through Alliance Atlantis) and the United States on September 9. and Miguel Ferrer. 2005 83 minutes Germany United States English $20m $10. . Margaret Oberman and Steve Carpenter. Fried Jim Piddock Margaret Oberman Stephen Carpenter Samuel L. 2005. Jackson.696 Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue The Man is a 2005 comedy crime film starring Eugene Levy.

whose partner was recently murdered. Jackson). attempts to drive the car with one hand. After some inquests by Joey about how he got the money so fast he throws Joey the money saying it means nothing to a powerful trafficker like him. However. running a make on Vann's license plate numbers. who is handcuffed to the passenger door. and Vann takes Andy to his hotel. who reminds him about his daughter Kate's (Tomorrow Baldwin Montgomery) dance recital. Vann realizes that the gun traffickers mistook Andy for him.''The Man (film)'' Filming took place in Hamilton. they leave and call Joey. where they will make the exchange. He also tells Vann that they should let Joey simmer for a bit before calling him.000 for the whole batch. Wisconsin. Andy gets word to 9-1-1 via the cellphone.[1] 157 Plot A man named Andy Fiddler (Eugene Levy) is in his bathroom.000 dollars in a certain trash can. Soon. and is very nervous. Vann goes to his confiscated items buddy Santos (Horatio Sanz). is trying to retrieve some guns that were stolen from a federal armory. . Joey says he will call back in about an hour. Andy's 9-1-1 call proves effective and a group of squad cars pull them over. At Detroit. Joey asks who Vann is. He works for a dental supply company. and get backup there. only to have Vann graze him with a gunshot to the rear. They arrange for a meeting which they attend with no backup. After that. Vann admits this. The “friend” is a gun dealer that Vann knows named Manny Cortez. and drags Andy along with him. Joey says he wants to meet Turk in a restaurant. Canada. they are taken to Joey's residence. Joey is convinced. Vann chases after him in a car he “borrows” and eventually pulls him over. Before Vann picks him up. When back in the car. Andy complains that he is hungry. and his favorite newspaper is USA Today. a homeless guy screws this up. Upon meeting Joey and his cronies. He finds Manny shot dead on his toilet seat. He gets distracted when the phone that Joey gave to Fiddler rings. When Andy tells Vann what he did. The cell phone that Fiddler receives rings. Joey says he wants $500. After a visit to his informant Booty (Anthony Mackie) (who is later gunned down). then a gun. The killer was Joey. which the waitress sees and thinks Andy's holding the place up. A menacing Englishman (Luke Goss) sits next to him and hands him a paper bag with “his taste” in it then leaves. and the traffickers just drive by. and are soon to be sold. Vann gets a call from his ex-wife Dara (Rachael Crawford). He tells them that there were complications. Vann explains to Kate that he's on assignment. and Andy enters. which they do. he sets up a buy. After quickly exiting the car. Andy tries to perform the drop plain and simple. much to Vann's dismay. Meanwhile. At the same time. Vann reveals that he has the money. Fidler suggests that they go to Vann's daughter's dance recital. and needs Fiddler to drop it. and he is furious at Andy for running a make on his plate. That's when Vann walks into the diner and cuffs him. Andy tries to get away. Unfortunately. Andy. Joey tells them that he still thinks Vann is a cop. and lives in Milwaukee. The police discover that Vann is ATF and move aside. Vann tells Andy that he is going to make a stop at a friends house. He also gives Joey back the cell and tells him that he makes the calls now. After an embarrassing confession to this by Vann. Fiddler sits down with Joey and discusses the deal. with the menacing Brit. Andy tells him that Vann will do anything that is told. Andy pulls a cell phone out of it. and they say goodbye. preparing a speech. he is furious. He is to go to a diner and be reading a USA Today. whose name we later find out is Joey. They head to the restaurant. ATF agent Derrick Vann (Samuel L. they are put in the pool. for some reason. Andy is in the diner. where. and tells them that he is betraying the service to make some money. Unfortunately. He wants “Turk” (the pseudonym that Vann used when setting up the buy) to drop $20. Andy gets another call asking him what happened. who eventually gives into his requests. Ontario. He will soon be giving a speech to investors in Detroit. is on the other end of the line. Vann takes him to a burger joint. but Andy explains that they now get to decide where the meeting takes place. Vann then suggests Andy use the taco sauce in his glove compartment to ease the pain of the bullet wound.

The police enter. and that he is actually trying to buy the guns and killed Booty. Andy admits he is. the film did not do well at the box office.[2] Reception The Man received less than enthusiastic reviews from critics. The Man earned $4. Critics were somewhat enthusiastic towards the performances by Samuel L. They tell him that Vann was lying to both him and them. and his boss (Susie Essman) tells him that Andy was setting him up. Joey is skeptical and pulls a gun on Vann. now wired.''The Man (film)'' The next day. Vann asks him straight out if he's wired.382. Andy. only earning $8. and Vann gets shot in the buttocks. Recognizing Andy's nervousness. It was considered a derivative clone of better buddy-comedies like 48 Hrs. Vann starts driving to the exchange with Andy in tow. Vann is suspended. after hearing everything through the wire. back at ATF offices.330. Meanwhile.362 worldwide. When he exits the building. Internal Affairs agent Peters (Miguel Ferrer) grabs him and throws him in a surveillance truck. Jackson and Eugene Levy. Cortez. Joey gets mowed down. Agent Lindsay Ames as Waitress Randy Butcher as Precinct Cop Michael Cameron as IA driver Kevin Rushton as Thug Joe Sacco as Rookie Cop Horatio Sanz as Santos Nestor Serrano as Manuel "Manny" Cortez Andrew Stelmack as Conventioneer Beatriz Yuste as Nun Box office In its opening weekend. Andy gives his speech. Rita Carbone Anthony Mackie as Booty Gigi Rice as Susan Rachael Crawford as Dara Vann Philip Akin as Second I. .065. enters Vann's office and says they need to talk.014 in 2. They enter the barn where the exchange is going to go down.720 in the United States and Canada and $12. 158 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. and it goes well. They need him to wear a wire and get a confession out of Vann. though the latter received a Razzie nomination for Worst Supporting Actor. and Midnight Run. Jackson as Derrick Vann Eugene Levy as Andy Fidler Luke Goss as Joey Trent/Kane Miguel Ferrer as Agent Peters Susie Essman as Lt. Altogether.040 theaters.A. and Vann's partner himself.

Retrieved 23 April 2006. Jackson has a red left eye. . imdb. Retrieved 2008-01-29. in many of the scenes between driving his eye returns to normal.+ Ontario.allmovie.''The Man (film)'' 159 Trivia • In most of the driving scenes Samuel L.com. • Samuel L.com/) • The Man (http://www. Jackson's film Pulp Fiction.themanmovie. but cars registered in Michigan only have a single rear license plate.com/work/306977) at Allmovie . com/ movies/ ?id=man.+ Canada). com/ List?endings=on& & locations=Hamilton. Ontario" (http:/ / www.com/title/tt0399327/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Man (http://www. Jackson's car has a Michigan front license plate. [2] "The Man (2005)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo. htm).List of Films shot in Hamilton. boxofficemojo. • The scene where Vann tries to convince Andy to get a cheeseburger he says "It's a tasty burger" is a reference to Samuel L. References [1] "Internet Movie Database . .imdb. External links • Official website (http://http://www.

''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' 160 Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Lucas Rick McCallum George Lucas (executive) George Lucas Ewan McGregor Hayden Christensen Natalie Portman Ian McDiarmid Frank Oz Samuel L.754.768 [1] Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones . 2005 (Cannes) May 19. 2005 140 minutes United States English $113 million $848. Jackson Christopher Lee John Williams Music by Cinematography David Tattersall Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Roger Barton Ben Burtt Lucasfilm 20th Century Fox May 15.

The Jedi Council dispatches Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi to eliminate the evil General Grievous. proclaiming himself as its Emperor. Lucas began writing the script before production of Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones began. Meanwhile. 161 Plot The Galactic Republic is on the verge of collapse under the stress of the Clone Wars. The Council. There. where he engages and kills General Grievous. unbeknownst to the public. angered by the insult and instructions to commit treason. The Jedi Knights are spread out across the galaxy leading a massive clone army in the war against the Separatists. It broke several box office records during its opening week and went on to earn over $848 million worldwide. and lasted over three months. kidnaps Supreme Chancellor Palpatine in a surprise attack on the capital and attempts to escape. who inevitably succumbs to the Dark Side of the Force and transforms into Darth Vader. a Sith Lord with the power to prevent death. There. It is the sixth and final film released in the Star Wars saga and the third in terms of the series' internal chronology. which ends when Anakin decapitates Count Dooku in cold blood at Palpatine's urging. who is being held captive on Grievous' flagship. Palpatine later reveals himself to Anakin as the Sith Lord Darth Sidious. allowing the Sith Lord to kill the Jedi Master. his former master. 2005. the cyborg commander of the Separatist Droid Army.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is a 2005 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas. The film was released in theatres on May 19. General Grievous.[1] making it the second highest grossing film in the Star Wars franchise (not adjusting for inflation). a Sith Lord. leader of the Separatist Army. Obi-Wan is sent to the planet Utapau. who has been controlling both sides of the war. but he begins having nightmares of Padmé dying in childbirth. Meanwhile. He also becomes intrigued when Palpatine tells him the story of Darth Plagueis. the second highest grossing film of 2005 worldwide behind Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. who suspect Palpatine of corruption. who reveals that she is pregnant. who engages and subdues Palpatine in a lightsaber duel. Obi-Wan and Jedi Master Yoda discover Anakin's treachery. an ability which is said to be only be gained through the dark side of the Force. Palpatine places Anakin on the Jedi Council as his representative. grows close to Palpatine. believing Palpatine is his only hope to save Padmé. but Grievous traps them inside and escapes. Anakin becomes Palpatine's new apprentice. Padmé Amidala. Desperate for the power to save his wife. the galaxy. order Anakin to secretly monitor him. which have been raging between the Galactic Republic and the Separatists. Anakin pilots the disintegrating flagship to a not-so-controlled crash landing on Coruscant. and Anakin himself. Anakin resolves to prevent these nightmares from becoming a reality. Anakin begins to lose faith in the Jedi. similar to the visions he had of his mother before she died. Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker and Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi fly in from the Outer Rim sieges to rescue the Chancellor. the Chancellor of the Galactic Republic and. Filming took place in Australia with additional locations in Thailand and Italy. while denying the headstrong young Jedi the rank of Master. Their deepening friendship proves dangerous for the Jedi Order. The film takes place three years after the onset of the Clone Wars. The Jedi free the Chancellor and attempt to escape the battle-torn flagship. Palpatine orders the clones to kill their Jedi Generals throughout the galaxy. separated from Kenobi. . and sends Vader to the Jedi Temple to kill the Jedi there and to Mustafar to assassinate the Separatist leaders. Anakin is overjoyed of the news of becoming a father. especially in contrast to the previous two prequels. and received generally positive reviews from critics. Anakin. and split up to confront Vader and Palpatine. they confront the Sith Lord Count Dooku in a lightsaber duel.[1] It is also the only Star Wars film to be rated PG-13 by the MPAA and 12A by the BBFC. intervenes and cuts off Windu's dueling hand before he can execute Palpatine. Anakin reunites with his wife. Anakin reports Palpatine's treachery to Jedi Master Mace Windu. Palpatine converts the Republic into the Galactic Empire. Darth Vader. Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker. It was the highest grossing film of 2005 in the US.

He plays a major role in the Battle of Kashyyyk. Luke and Leia. Because similar visions accurately foretold the death of his mother. He often travels and performs missions with his best friend and former Padawan. and he screams in torment. at the end of which Vader loses his remaining limbs to Obi-Wan's lightsaber and is immolated when he slides too close to a lava flow. who finally steps from the shadows to destroy the Jedi Order and the Republic it serves. As a result. Owen and Beru Lars. 162 Cast • Ewan McGregor as Obi-Wan Kenobi: Obi-Wan is a General for the Galactic Republic and is a Jedi Master who sits on the Jedi Council. told Newsday. any true Star Wars fan "should know the answer". he swears that he will do whatever it takes to save her. who secretly stowed away on Padmé's ship. who refuses to believe that her husband has turned to the dark side and travels to Mustafar. Vader is last seen at Palpatine's side. Palpatine is the Dark Lord of the Sith. and dies after telling Obi-Wan that Anakin still has good in him. Senator Bail Organa decides to adopt Leia and take her to Alderaan. Yoda confronts and fights Palpatine. I don't know". when specifically asked if he had supplied the voice. the commentary on the DVD release states that. Since Anakin's children are the last hope for the galaxy. he becomes a sort of mentor to Anakin. he begins to have recurring visions of her dying in childbirth. while Obi-Wan decides to take Luke to Tatooine in the care of his stepfamily. Obi-Wan then takes Vader's lightsaber and leaves him to die. believing that he turned Padmé against him. Palpatine enacted the start of the Clone Wars against the Separatists. (2005) Lucas about that. she discovers that Obi-Wan was telling the truth.[3] • Natalie Portman as Padmé Amidala: Padmé is Anakin's secret wife. the Senate has voted him vast emergency powers. By this time. Palpatine rescues Vader and resuscitates his body with cybernetic limbs. He is a friend and mentor to many Jedi. Yoda decides to go into self-imposed exile. In reality. briefly heard voice of Darth Vader at the film's conclusion. As Senator of Naboo. When Vader inquires about Padmé. Upon learning of his wife's pregnancy. manipulating him into distrusting the Jedi. she has recently become pregnant with twins. "You'd have to ask Episode III:Revenge of the Sith.[2] However. but first promises Obi-Wan to teach him how to return from the netherworld of the Force — with help from the spirit of Qui-Gon Jinn. and lure Anakin to his side. while the voice will always be uncredited. however. Jones. Meanwhile. Meanwhile. destroying objects around him with the Force. They then go their separate ways to wait for a time when they can challenge the Empire. While there. he is told that he killed her in his own anger. When Vader sees Obi-Wan. Anakin. and her husband's increasingly dark behavior. witnessing the construction of the first Death Star. Obi-Wan and Vader then engage in a fierce duel. Padmé gives birth to twins.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' Obi-Wan talks to Padmé. • Hayden Christensen as Anakin Skywalker / Darth Vader: Anakin is a recently-knighted Jedi and hero of the Clone Wars. • Frank Oz voices Yoda: The wise old leader of the Jedi Council. . This revelation breaks what remains of Anakin's spirit. he uses the Force to choke her into unconsciousness. While many assume that James Earl Jones is the uncredited. black armor and a respirator. effectively turning him into a dictator. • Ian McDiarmid as Darth Sidious / Chancellor Palpatine: As the Supreme Chancellor of the Galactic Republic. Darth Sidious. either newly or Hayden Christensen as Anakin Skywalker in Star Wars from a previous recording. she is deeply concerned about Palpatine's growing power. he is forced to escape when their duel ends in a stalemate.

"[8] An internet hoax said John Rhys Davies was considered for the role. She is seen during the funeral scene. • Peter Mayhew as Chewbacca: Chewbacca is a Wookiee who is friendly with Yoda. who ultimately voiced Grievous.[13] .''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' • Samuel L. • Christopher Lee as Count Dooku / Darth Tyranus: He is a Sith apprentice to Darth Sidious.[9] 163 Cameo appearances Lucas makes an appearance at the Coruscant Opera House as a blue-faced being named Baron Papanoida who can be seen outside Palpatine's box. under the initials "A.S. of which he is a member. Obi-Wan." for Alan Smithee. without the k). created by Anakin Skywalker. the pilot of the Rebel Blockade Runner Tantive IV. having been trained by Count Dooku. held in Indianapolis. When Anakin. the stunt coordinator. as a young Jedi-in-training named Zett Jukassa who is killed defending the Jedi Temple against clone troopers. He is responsible for kidnapping Palpatine at the beginning. Leader of the Separatists. visible when Palpatine arrives at the Senate after being saved by the Jedi.[7] Days later he received a phone call asking for the full name to the initials "A. the Millennium Falcon can be seen landing on one of the lower platforms as the shuttle approaches.[12] Jeremy Bulloch (Boba Fett in the original trilogy). that was never chosen. complications arose during contract negotiations after Oldman learned the film was to be made outside of the Screen Actors Guild. plays a Jedi named Cin Drallig (his name spelled backward. who is at odds with Grievous and dares to question his leadership. It was announced in 2004 that Gary Oldman had been approached to provide the voice of General Grievous. as a character called Terr Taneel. and daughter Katie as a blue-skinned alien named Chi Eekway. • Temuera Morrison as Commander Cody and Clone Troopers: Cody and the clone troopers are part of the army for the Republic. disputed this story at Celebration III. who grows concerned at Palpatine's growing power. and together they kidnap Palpatine. Jackson as Mace Windu: Windu is a Jedi Master who sits on the Jedi Council and is also a Jedi General in the Clone Wars. and talking to Baron Papanoida at the Opera House.[11] New Zealand actress Keisha Castle-Hughes appeared as Queen Apailana of Naboo. Jett. Nick Gillard. his daughter. • Matthew Wood voices General Grievous: Grievous is a fearsome cyborg and General of the Separatists' droid army. Oldman is a friend of Rick McCallum. • Silas Carson as Nute Gunray and Ki-Adi-Mundi: Gunray is the Viceroy of the Trade Federation. and Palpatine arrive via shuttle to the Senate docks after crash landing on Coruscant. • Anthony Daniels as C-3PO: C-3PO is Padmé Amidala's personal protocol droid. Much of the crew also make cameos in the film. His three children also appear in cameos: his son. it was confirmed in the Revenge of the Sith online text commentary that Tarfull's growl in the scene of Yoda's departure from Kashyyyk is actually Itchy's growl from The Star Wars Holiday Special.[4] however. Ki-Adi-Mundi is an old Jedi Master who sits at the Jedi Council and General in the Clone Wars. It marks Lucas' only appearance in any of the Star Wars films. • Kenny Baker as R2-D2: R2-D2 is Anakin Skywalker's astro-droid and C-3PO's counterpart. and Grievous' superior. He backed out of the role rather than violate the union's rules. and recorded an audition as a favor to him. According to him. they are the clones of the bounty hunter Jango Fett. wielding two green and two blue lightsabers taken from Jedi he has killed. He is also skilled in lightsaber combat. producer of the Star Wars prequel trilogy. and fights alongside him in the Battle of Kashyyyk. was in charge of the auditions and submitted his audition anonymously in the midst of 30 others. appeared in a speaking role as Captain Colton. Amanda. As seen in Attack of the Clones.[6] Wood. who was also the supervising sound editor. seen in the security hologram.S. • Jimmy Smits as Senator Bail Organa: Bail Organa is a Senator in the Galactic Republic and friend to the Jedi.[10] While not a direct cameo.[5] Matthew Wood.

[21] Later. the original title of Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. Lucas wrote early drafts of the script in which a 10-year-old Han Solo appeared on Kashyyyk. Anakin falls to the dark side primarily to save Padmé. Lucas abandoned this plot thread in order to devote more time to Anakin's story. sharpening Anakin's motivations for turning to the dark side. Steven Spielberg was also allowed to assist both the art and pre-visualization department's designs for several action sequences in Revenge of the Sith. rumored titles included Rise of the Empire. Lucas would approve hundreds of designs that would eventually appear in the film. an action that signals his descent to the dark side.[14] He began working on Episode III even before the previous film. After principal photography was complete in 2003. Lucas emphasized Anakin's desire to save Padmé from death and submerged many of Anakin's other motives.[15] Lucas reviewed the storyline that summer and radically re-organized the plot.[21] The designs were then shipped to "pre-visualization" to create moving CGI versions known as "animatics". He would later profess that at the time of the saga's conception. creating an unresolved plot hole in the process. Lucas had previously promised fans that he would explain the mystery behind the erasure of the planet Kamino from the Jedi Archives. but the role was not cast or shot. Lucas permitted author James Luceno to explain the mystery of Kamino's erasure and the origins of the Clone army in his novel Labyrinth of Evil. by revising and refilming many scenes. Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones.[17] A significant number of fans speculated online about the film's subtitle. Ben Burtt would edit these scenes with Lucas in order to previsualize what the film would look like before the scenes were even filmed. the art department began designing the various ways that each element could appear on screen. Lucas decided instead to focus on Anakin. but Lucas tossed this scene as well. The Creeping Fear (which was also named as the film's title on the official website on April Fool's 2004). and Birth of the Empire. instead of opening the film with various Clone Wars battles.[18] Eventually. Anakin had a myriad of reasons for turning to the dark side. he had to sacrifice certain extraneous plot points relating to Attack of the Clones. he had not fully realized the details—only major plot points throughout the series. in The Secret History of Star Wars. He also wrote a scene in which Palpatine reveals to Anakin that he created him from midichlorians. Lucas made even more massive changes in Anakin's character. the art department turned to The Star Wars Holiday Special for inspiration. one of which was his sincere belief that the Jedi were truly plotting to take over the Republic. declaring that Jedi do not seek revenge.[21] The pre-visualization footage featured a basic raw CGI environment with equally unprocessed CGI characters performing a scene (typically an action sequence). However.[14] However. surmises that Lucas found flaws with Anakin's fall to the dark side. Lucas changed the title scant weeks before the premiere of Return of the Jedi. Thus.[22] Over a period of months. and is thus his "father. For instance. Revenge of the Sith also became a "guessed title" that George Lucas would later announce to be true. He would later rewrite entire scenes and action sequences to correspond to certain designs he had chosen. Lucas had originally planned to include even more ties to the original trilogy. For the Kashyyyk environment. Lucas claimed to have written the Star Wars saga's fundamental story in the form of a basic plot outline. ending the film's first act with his murder of Count Dooku. As a compromise.[20] Since Lucas refocused the film on Anakin. in the version that made it to theatres.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' 164 Production Writing In 1973. which prompted Lucas to make massive story changes. Lucas accomplished this "rewrite" through editing the principal footage and filming new scenes during pick-ups in 2004. Art design After the earliest draft of the screenplay was submitted.[16] Michael Kaminski. was released." a clear parallel to Vader's revelation to Luke in Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. the pre-visualization and art .[21] In the previous versions.[19] The title is a reference to Revenge of the Jedi. offering concept artists that the film would open with a montage of seven battles on seven planets.

Actors Hayden Christensen and Ewan McGregor began rehearsing their climactic lightsaber duel long before Lucas would shoot it. the filmmakers were able to send footage to the editors the same day it was shot.[27] As the DVD featurette Within a Minute illustrates.[23] principal photography on the film occurred from June 30 2003 to September 17.[14] Revenge of the Sith eventually became the first Star Wars film in which Anakin Skywalker and the suited Darth Vader were played by the same actor in the same film. 2003. although practical environments were shot as background footage later to be composited into the film. CGI and practical effects.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' department designs were sent to the production department to begin "bringing the film out of the concept phase"[21] by building the various sets. To determine the required sets. the Vader costume used in the film was created specifically to fit Christensen. including model work.[26] Special effects The post-production department began work during filming and continued until weeks before the film was released in 2005. were spotted on the webcam. An example of this occurs as Obi-Wan strikes down on Anakin after applying an armlock in the first half of the duel. although there are instances where single frames were removed to increase the velocity of particular strikes. Many times the stars.[25] It also required Christensen (who is 6 feet 1 inch/1. Revenge of the Sith has 2.151 shots that use special effects. the Official Star Wars Fan Club. Special effects were created using almost all formats. The production company was also fortunate enough to be shooting at the same time that Mount Etna erupted in Italy. 165 Filming Although the first scene filmed was the final scene to appear in the film (shot during the filming of Attack of the Clones in 2000). props and costumes.[21] Footage featuring the planet Mustafar was given to editor Roger Barton. But after "begging and pleading" with Lucas.[28] . a world record. The same department later composited all such work into the filmed scenes—both processes taking nearly two years to complete. warranting the set to be constructed. McGregor and Christensen performed their own lightsaber fighting scenes without the use of stunt doubles.[21] Using the HD technology developed for the film." or the "V technique. the film required 910 artists and 70. it was originally intended to simply have a "tall guy" in the Darth Vader costume. These included the limestone mountains depicting Kashyyyk. and Lucas himself. who was on location in Sydney.[21] While shooting key dramatic scenes. but they also received access to a webcam that transmitted a new image every 20 seconds during the time it was operating in Fox Studios Australia. Benefits included not only special articles.85 metres tall) to look through the mouthpiece of the helmet. a process that would require a full 24 hours had it been shot on film.[24] The speed at which Anakin and Obi-Wan engage in their duel is mostly the speed at which it was filmed. Thailand (they were later damaged by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami). Lucas analyzed each scene with the staff to see which moments the actors would come in most contact with the set. Camera crews were sent to the location to shoot several angles of the volcano that were later spliced into the background of the animatics and the final film version of the planet Mustafar. They trained extensively with stunt coordinator Nick Gillard to memorize and perform their duel together. which were filmed in Phuket. The new costume featured shoe lifts and a muscle suit.[21] Members of Hyperspace. received a special look into the production. As Christensen recounted. Like the previous two prequel films. The film was shot entirely on sound stages at Fox Studios Australia in Sydney." a process that involves shooting with two or more cameras at the same time in order to gain several angles of the same performance.441 man-hours to create 49 seconds of footage for the Mustafar duel alone. Australia cutting the climactic duel. Lucas would often use an "A camera" and "B camera. All other footage was forwarded to lead editor Ben Burtt at Skywalker Ranch in California.

The scene where Yoda arrives on Dagobah to begin his self-imposed exile was also cut. ArcLight Cinemas (formerly the "Cinerama Dome"). and that he had cut his own daughter's scenes as well. Lucas permitted author James Luceno to explain the mystery of Kamino's erasure and the origins of the Clone army in his novel Labyrinth of Evil. but her role was cut during editing. a line of people stood there for more than a month hoping to convince someone to change this. also elected to include English subtitles.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' 166 Deleted scenes During the process of shaping the film for its theatrical release. The deaths of Barriss Offee and Luminara Unduli were either cut from the film or not filmed in the first place. Documents filed by the Los Angeles District Attorney allege that a copy of the film was taken from an unnamed Californian post-production office by an employee. They were discarded to achieve more focus on the story of Anakin. She claimed this was because she posed for the June 2005 issue of Playboy.[31] Grauman's Chinese Theatre. Lucas denied this. it was released in Shanghai as a bootleg DVD with Chinese subtitles.[33] On May 16. and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra gave a free concert of Star Wars music. the Empire Cinema in London's Leicester Square hosted a day-long Star Wars marathon showing of all six movies: an army of Imperial stormtroopers "guarded" the area. whose appearance on newsstands coincided with the movie's May release.[29] Lucas had previously promised to explain the mystery behind the erasure of the planet Kamino from the Jedi Archives setup in Attack of the Clones. as she was later confirmed to be alive and featured in The Force Unleashed multimedia campaign.[30] Its theatrical release in most other countries took place on May 19 to coincide with the 1999 release of Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (the 1977 release of Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope and the 1983 release of Return of the Jedi were also released on the same day and month. suggesting it may have come from within the industry rather than from someone who videotaped an advance screening.[37] Shortly after the above-mentioned print was leaked. Gray & Christmas claimed one week before the premiere that it may have cost the US economy approximately US$627 million in lost productivity because of employees who took a day off or reported in sick. although McCallum stated he hopes Lucas may add it to the release when and if he releases a six-episode DVD box set. The death scene of Shaak Ti aboard the Invisible Hand (which can be viewed in the DVD deleted scenes section) is considered non-canon. Lucas excised all the scenes of a group of Senators (including Padmé) organizing an alliance to prevent the Chancellor from receiving any more emergency powers. stating that the cut had been made more than a year earlier. for unexplained reasons.[34] Leaked workprint A copy of the movie leaked into peer-to-peer file sharing networks just hours after opening in theaters. Lucas did this in order to focus more on Anakin's story in the film. The global outplacement firm Challenger. However. The movie was a time-stamped workprint. . but the role was not cast or shot. from the completed film. Releases Revenge of the Sith premiered at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival (out of competition) on May 16. Lucas and his editors dropped many scenes. who later pleaded guilty to his charges.[14] Lucas wrote early drafts of the script in which a 10-year-old Han Solo appeared on Kashyyyk. Bai Ling filmed minor scenes for the film playing a senator. a traditional venue for the Star Wars films. did not show it. The unknown producer of this DVD. however.[36] The illegal copy was passed among seven people until reaching an eighth party. six years apart). As a compromise. who also pleaded guilty to uploading to an un-named P2P network.[32] Most of them took advantage of an offer to see the film at a nearby cinema.[35] Eight people were later charged with copyright infringement and distributing material illegally.[14] Many scenes concerning Jedi deaths during the execution of Order 66 were cut. and even an entire subplot.[14] This may be viewed as a plot hole. but is featured in a deleted scene in the DVD release.

The Story of Star Wars alongside the Revenge of the Sith DVD Also. When Revenge of the Sith was released in Canada. officially for "sci-fi violence and some intense images.[40] At the same time. the title of the movie. The PG-13 rating had not existed when the films in the original trilogy were released. producer Rick McCallum. leading to unintentional humor. that was only sold at Wal-Mart stores.[45] countries in the world. In Australia the film was rated M for mature audiences (similar to PG-13). 2008. This translation was particularly inept. it was the first Star Wars film never to be released on VHS in the United States. later responded that children would be able to handle the film as long as they had parental guidance."[38] This last translation error would later be popularized as an internet meme.[43] However. including Roger Ebert and Richard Roeper. for example. the United Kingdom and other The DVD was re-released in a prequel trilogy box set on November 4. Unlike any other films directed by Lucas. a special two-pack exclusive. 2005 in the United States and Canada. The mis-translation also caused the word "fuck" (a mis-translation of "work") to appear three times in the subtitles.[39] 167 Rating Revenge of the Sith is the only Star Wars film to receive a PG-13 rating from the MPAA. because of Anakin's final moments and the content of the film being the darkest and most emotional of all six films. hence a "PG rating". which involved the change from a wipe to a straight cut. on October 31. An Xbox game demo for Star Wars: Battlefront II along with a trailer for the Star Wars: Empire at War PC game was featured on the second disc. was given as Star War — The third gathers — Backstroke of the West. Six deleted scenes were included with introductions from Lucas and McCallum. translating many characters literally and losing the meaning of words. Like the other DVD releases. included another bonus DVD. the film was released on VHS in Australia. with picture and sound mastered from the original digital source material. the films in the original trilogy were later re-submitted to the MPAA due to changes in the re-released versions and once again received PG ratings. The DVD included a number of documentaries including a new full-length documentary as well as two featurettes." namely for the scene in which Darth Vader is set aflame by lava and molten rock. however. it was given a PG rating in most provinces. where it was rated G. excluding Quebec.[44] . one which explores the prophecy of Anakin Skywalker as the Chosen One.[42] The DVD was a two-disc set. 2005 in Australia. One error in translation that recurs several times in the film is that the phrase "it seems" (好 象 ) was rendered as "good elephant". Revenge of the Sith was released on DVD without any noticeable alterations from the film's original theatrical cut. It was also released in most major territories on or near the same day. 2005 in the United Kingdom and on November 3. Some critics. included is an audio commentary track featuring Lucas. and rendered Darth Vader's cry of "Noooooooo" (不 要 ) as "Do not want. Lucas had stated months before the MPAA's decision that he felt the film should receive a PG-13 rating. In the United Kingdom it received a 12A rating. This release is notable because.[41] All previously released films in the series were rated PG. Home video Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith was released on DVD on November 1. The only alteration made was the change of a scene transition near the end. due to marketing issues. and ILM visual effects supervisors John Knoll and Roger Guyett. animation director Rob Coleman. the other looking at the movie's stunts and a 15 part collection of web-documentaries from the official Web site. The Story of Star Wars.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' which were in fact translated back into English from the Chinese translation. rather than using the original English script.

[52] It was surpassed the following year by Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest which earned $55. Lucas defended the film. Film review site Rotten Tomatoes calculated an approval rating of 80% based on 250 reviews. the film broke four box office records: midnight screenings gross (previously held by The Lord of the Rings: Return of the King. Revenge of the Sith is scheduled to re-release in 3D in 2014.[1] The film earned an estimated $16.[48] Reception Critical reception Critical reaction towards Revenge of the Sith was generally positive.[49] Some critics considered it the best of the prequels. behind Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. Some websites went so far as to propose a boycott of the film.4 million). it earned a record $50 million on its opening day. making it the highest rated out of the prequel trilogy and the third highest-rated film of the entire Star Wars saga: The Phantom Menace. or at least.8 million) and Thursday gross (The Matrix Reloaded with $37.5 million from 2.[52] Its single day gross record and opening day gross record were later surpassed by Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest on July 7. Worldwide gross for the film eventually reached nearly $850 million—ranking the film second worldwide in 2005. Lucas has directed. Bush administration and the Iraq War. O. Hold me. some saw it as more or less on par with The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones. In a 2007 summary of the 100 Best Science-Fiction Films on Rotten Tomatoes. 2011.[53] With only the May 19 earnings..where there was nothing but our love. however.[53] and midnight screening gross . 2010.5 million on its opening day. and 78% respectively.[47] 168 3D Re-release On September 28. with $40.[51] Box office performance Revenge of the Sith was released in 115 countries. stating that the film's storyline was written during the Vietnam War and was influenced by that conflict rather than the war in Iraq. A. Critics and fans alike were quick to jump on such lines as "Hold me. while A New Hope and Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back are rated 94% and 97% respectively.[49] while other reviewers judged it to be the best Star Wars film since The Empire Strikes Back. the release was announced for September 2011 in three different editions. like you did by the lake on Naboo.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' The Star Wars films are scheduled to be released on Blu-ray Disc in 2011.. Much of the criticism for the film was directed towards the dialogue. when that movie grossed $55. a subject with which Lucas openly agreed when receiving the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute." and equal to The Empire Strikes Back as "the richest and most challenging movie in the cycle". Ani.5 million). In total. and for Hayden Christensen's performance (which won him his second Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor). it was announced that all six films in the series will be stereo converted to 3D. Attack of the Clones and Return of the Jedi are rated 62%.. 2006. that "The parallels between Vietnam and what we're doing in Iraq now are unbelievable". single day gross (Shrek 2 with $44. making it the only prequel film in the Star Wars series to earn a ranking. Lucas did note."[49] Critics have claimed this demonstrated Lucas' weakness as a writer of dialogue.5 million on its opening day. the strongest of the three prequels. Revenge of the Sith was placed 51 out of 100. $8 million).. The films will re-release in chronological order beginning with The Phantom Menace in early 2012.[49] Some American neoconservatives criticized the film.[46] On January 6. opening day gross (Spider-Man 2. claiming it has a liberal bias and is a commentary on the George W. 66%. Scott of The New York Times concluded that it was "the best of the four episodes Mr.900 midnight screenings in North America upon its release.[50] Though many critics and fans saw it as one of the best of the series. particularly the film's romantic scenes.

and the United Kingdom and Ireland ($72. 2008 with $18.7 million). Germany ($47. which led to the aforementioned controversy: "If you're not with me.3 million).[1] International grosses that exceeded $10 million include Australia ($27. In eight days. The sequence is without dialog and complemented by a moody. Italy ($11.2 million). and joining Spider-Man.8 million). surpassing Hitch ($177.] Bush or the Patriot Act. Lucas intercuts between Anakin and Padmé by themselves. Midway in the film.577. Japan ($82. According to box office analysis sites.[57] "Hollywood Movie of the Year" award at the Hollywood Film Festival. Revenge of the Sith set American records for highest gross in a given number of days for each of its first 12 days of release except for the seventh and eighth.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' was broken by The Dark Knight on July 18. however. however. synthesized soundtrack.[59] Empire Awards (Sci-Fi/Fantasy Film).5 million in its first four-day period.[1] finishing with a total gross of $380. win the "Best Villain" award at the MTV Movie Awards.6 million). It was eventually the third fastest film (after Shrek 2 and Spider-Man) to reach $350 million. "Without naming [President George W. where the record is narrowly held by Spider-Man 2.270. Sith had passed $300 million (surpassing the record of 18 days of Shrek 2).[66] . receive the fewest Golden Raspberry Awards nominations: only one. respectively. The Seattle Times concluded. It ranks 10th in all-time domestic grosses and is the highest-grossing movie of 2005 in the U. outgrossing second-place The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion. during sunset.[60] and the Teen Choice Awards (Action/Adventure Movie). the Witch and the Wardrobe. Anakin declares. It became the only Star Wars film not to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Visual Effects..[56] It also won "Favorite Motion Picture" and "Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture" awards at the People's Choice Awards. Lucas. skylines and interior isolation in the so-called "Ruminations" sequence is similar to the cinematography and mise-en-scene of Rosemary's Baby. Perhaps the most media coverage was given to a particular exchange between Anakin and Obi-Wan. and mythological motifs to enhance the impact of his story. Christensen did.[54] It still retains its record for Thursday gross."[65] McDiarmid.[61] The film did. Despite Lucas' insistence to the contrary.[1] The film ended its run in American theaters on October 20. Spain ($23. respectively.[62] which he won.[64] Cinematic and literary allusions Throughout Revenge of the Sith Lucas refers to a wide range of films and other sources drawing on political. it's all unmistakable no matter what your own politics may be.3 million). military. however.S. Mexico ($15. France and Algeria ($56.[55] 169 Awards and nominations Despite being the best reviewed and received film in the prequel trilogy. it was nominated for Best Makeup (Dave Elsey and Nikki Gooley). then you're my enemy".3 million). South Korea ($10. a film in which a husband makes a literal pact with the devil. surpassing the previous four-day record held by The Matrix Reloaded ($134.5 million.3 million). and others have also called Anakin's journey to the dark side Faustian in the sense of making a "pact with the devil" for short-term gain. however. The Matrix Reloaded and Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire as the only movies to make $100 million in three days.[63] (The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones received seven nominations each.8 million). Lucas' coverage of the exterior cityscapes.) It is the only Star Wars prequel not to receive a Razzie nomination for "Worst Picture". the Witch and the Wardrobe by nearly $90 million. with one and two wins.3 million).[58] Saturn Awards (Sci-Fi Film).9 million). thinking about one another in the Jedi Temple and their apartment. The film earned $158. losing to The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion. it reached the $200 million mark (record tied with Spider-Man 2) and by its 17th day. On its fifth day it became the highest grossing movie of 2005. for Christensen as Worst Supporting Actor. 2005. Revenge of the Sith received fewer award nominations than the previous films.

featuring footage from the film and was also available on the DVD. who becomes Captain Needa in The Empire Strikes Back. hosted by McDiarmid. features 16 music videos set to remastered selections of music from all six film scores. There are also references to the Star Wars: Republic comic book series. integrating scenes from the movie. or entirely new scenes for the game. two players fight with characters of their choice against each other in a lightsaber duel to the death.[18] In the first mode. 2005. during the Battle of Coruscant.[18] . two players team up to combat increasingly difficult waves of enemies. "What a coincidence.[72] The style of the game was mostly lightsaber combat and fighting as Obi-Wan or Anakin. 2005. The DVD. Such examples include more discussions between Anakin and Palpatine. The music was composed and conducted by John Williams (who composed and conducted the score for the other five films in the Star Wars saga). many sections of the game featured cut scenes from the movie.''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' 170 Soundtrack The soundtrack to the film was released by Sony Classical on May 3.[69] This album was chosen as one of Amazon. but his horn.[18] It also has a form of multiplayer mode. is revealed to have grown back. It includes much more dialogue than the film. and a conversation between Mace Windu and Obi-Wan Kenobi where Kenobi expresses self-doubt about whether he is the right Jedi to battle General Grievous. two weeks before the film. In the latter mode. The game followed the movie's storyline. Star Wars: A Musical Journey.com's Top 100 Editors' Picks of 2005 (#83). in the film. Anakin's callsign is Red 5. The novel includes many minor details. it is merely hinted at. For example.[71] Some unseen or unheard-of elements to the Revenge of the Sith story were fleshed out in the course of the novel. There are even some humorous lines added in. for the most part. However. including a conversation between Count Dooku and Darth Sidious. which includes both "VS" and "Cooperative" mode. and Obi-Wan replies. set chronologically through the saga. In addition to this. and performed by the London Symphony Orchestra and London Voices. a reference to Luke's callsign in the climactic battle of Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. was released on May 5.[68] The soundtrack also came with a collectors' DVD. and one of the Republic capital ships is commanded by Lieutenant Commander Lorth Needa.[67] A music video titled A Hero Falls was created for the film's theme. where the reader learns Palpatine lied to Dooku about what the Empire would truly be. Not only is Saesee Tiin revealed to be a telepath.[71] Video game A video game. I trained the man who killed him". "Battle of the Heroes". in which Palpatine explicitly says that Darth Plagueis was his master. only to be told by Windu that while many consider him (Windu) to be a master-swordsman due to his creation of the Vaapad fighting style. he considers Kenobi the superior swordsman in that he took an existing style (Soresu) and mastered it to the highest degree. at no additional cost. including extra dialogue in the battle between Grievous and Obi Wan — Grievous says that he was trained by Count Dooku. based on the film. more than two weeks before the release of the film.[70] Novelization The novelization of the film was written by Matthew Stover. These are a few examples of many descriptions of characters' feelings and inner narrative. such as the Battle of Jabiim (Volume 3). the siege of the Jedi Temple is much more violent and far more graphically explained than the cinematic version. lost in the Clone Wars.

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Retrieved 2008-08-03. [68] "A Hero Falls Music Video" (http:/ / web. html?ie=UTF8& plgroup=1& docId=593175& plpage=3).com/) • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www. Retrieved 2008-08-03.starwars. . . New York City: Del Ray. Amazon. Revenge of the Sith. [70] "Top 100 Editors' Picks" (http:/ / www. com/ artists/ johnwilliams602/ starwarsepisodeiiirevengeofthesithoriginalmotion_p8611. com/ episode-iii/ release/ publishing/ news20050315. asp). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Michael (2008). html) on 2005-03-16. asp). sonybmgmasterworks. Retrieved 2008-08-04. [63] "26th Annual Golden Raspberry (Razzie©) Award “Winners”" (http:/ / www. . . msnbc. StarWars.com/movies/?id=starwars3. Archived from the original (http:/ / starwars. html). 2005. com/ history/ 05nomSActo. Retrieved 2008-08-04.starwars. org/ web/ 20050316210453/ http:/ / starwars. archive. "The Force is with Lucas in his "Star Wars" finale" (http:/ / seattletimes. razzies. Retrieved 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2008-07-07. MTV. The Secret History of Star Wars. Ontario: Legacy Books Press. amazon. Retrieved 2008-08-03. html). MSNBC. org/ web/ 20071205123253/ www.htm) at Box Office Mojo . ps2. com/ episode-iii/ release/ trailer/ 10. External links • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www. [67] "Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith" (http:/ / www. html). . com/ gp/ feature. The Seattle Times.com/movies/episode-iii/) at StarWars.com (http://www.com. ISBN 0-7126-8427-1 [72] "Revenge of the Sith: The Goods (Part II): Beyond The Movie" (http:/ / uk. com/ episode-iii/ release/ publishing/ news20050315. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 2005-04-11. Retrieved 2008-05-17. Sony BMG. 2005-04-30. html) on 2007-12-05.com/work/286686) at Allmovie • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www. Kingston. ISBN 0345431391. msn. archive.com. [69] "Episode III Soundtrack Includes Bonus DVD" (http:/ / web. html). ISBN 978-0-9784652-3-0. Golden Raspberry Foundation. IGN.rottentomatoes. Matthew Woodring Stover. com/ ontv/ movieawards/ 2006/ ).''Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith'' [62] "Razzies© 2006 Nominees for Worst Supporting Actor" (http:/ / www. com/ history/ 05winners. April 28. com/ articles/ 608/ 608359p2. starwars. Jonathan W (2005).imdb. [66] "Star Wars III: "Titanic in Space"" (http:/ / www.com. Mark (2005-05-18). • Rinzler. starwars. 2005-03-15. .com/m/star_wars_3/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www. [64] "2006 MTV Movie Awards" (http:/ / www. 1st edition hardcover. com/ html/ entertainment/ 2002278140_starwars18. . George Lucas. com/ id/ 7224080/ ). . .Novelization. The Making of Star Wars. html). razzies.boxofficemojo. [71] Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith . 2005. ign. [65] Rahner. . StarWars. nwsource. 173 References • Kaminski. Golden Raspberry Foundation. com/ episode-iii/ release/ trailer/ 10. mtv.com/title/tt0121766/) at the Internet Movie Database • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (http://www.allmovie. Retrieved 2008-08-03.

Moritz Arne Schmidt Executive Producer: Rob Cohen Derek Dauchy Todd Garner Simon Kinberg Rich Wilkes Ice Cube Willem Dafoe Scott Speedman Peter Strauss Samuel L.''xXx: State of the Union'' 174 xXx: State of the Union xXx: State of the Union Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Lee Tamahori Neal H. 2005 101 minutes United States English Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language . Miller Steven Rosenblum Revolution Studios Original Film Columbia Pictures April 27. Jackson Xzibit Sunny Mabrey Marco Beltrami Written by Starring Music by Cinematography David Tattersall Editing by Mark Goldblatt Todd E.

but both dropped out. It is a sequel to the 2002 film xXx (pronounced "triple x"). Sgt. led by Secretary of Defense and former 4-Star General George Deckert.''xXx: State of the Union'' Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by $87 million $71. which can be seen in the Director's Cut release). Stone along with Toby enlist the aid of some of his former gang members to fight Deckert's force. Stone meets up with Gibbons' contact. is a 2005 action-adventure film directed by Lee Tamahori. NSA Agent Gibbons fends off the attackers before barely escaping himself.mainly for its poor star.C. Afterwards. attackers use special explosives to break into an NSA bunker beneath the equine farm. Gibbons and his new agent travel to Washington D. who had been in prison at Leavenworth for assaulting Deckert. Toby Lee Shavers. possibly serving as the basis for another sequel. Gibbons orders him to escape and leave him. Meanwhile. On the night of Deckert's plan they make their move. Gibbons poses as Stone's lawyer and makes a deal with him in prison. secretly hauling guns and equipment. Imprisoned former US Navy SEAL Darius Stone (Ice Cube) is selected by Agent Augustus Gibbons (Samuel L. Later. Jackson) to be the next triple-X agent. Afterwards. but is framed so that it will appear that he murdered 3-Star General Pettibone. to get information and go to her safe house. Stone infiltrates Deckert's troops aboard the USS Independence and discovers Gibbons is not dead. and is rescued by Gibbons' assistant. mainly released as xXx²: The Next Level outside the United States and Canada. Cobb's strike team.. a beautiful blonde named Charlie. Stone's former commanding officer (Willem Dafoe) whom he once led a mutiny against. driving . A man is tending an equine farm when he discovers dead bodies. Cobb is later revealed to be responsible for the attack on the bunker.693 xXx xXx: The Return of Xander Cage 175 xXx: State of the Union. A third film in the series. Stone is later told to recover a hard drive from the NSA bunker. but being held prisoner by Deckert. and Agent Kyle enters the house and makes a deal with Stone. Gibbons appears to be attacked in his home and killed. xXx: The Return of Xander Cage. Police arrive. will again feature Vin Diesel. The other script featured a radically different plot. Plot Original xXx superspy Xander Cage is reportedly killed in Bora Bora (by Sgt. whom Cobb and Charlie actually killed. with a projected release in mid-2011. while trying to escape Agent Kyle at the same time. with Deckert covering up the plot. State of the Union underperformed at the box office. Before escaping Stone has a run-in with Cobb and it is revealed that Deckert is trying to overthrow the President. where they track a splinter faction of the U. while Toby later hacks into the NSA to retrieve Deckert's plans. Stone is discovered by Charlie. and the one written by Simon Kinberg was selected. The film was produced by Revolution Studios for Columbia Pictures.S. Together they rob an 18 wheeler. military that attempts to overthrow the U. Vin Diesel and Rob Cohen.022. government and assassinate the President. the lead actor and director of the original had signed onto this film before xXx had opened. and was criticized heavily by critics (the first installment's reception was mixed) . There. Stone.S. illogical story and overuse of CGI-influenced visual effects for most of the action sequences as opposed to live-action stunts being filmed. and is killed by an assailant himself. Some time later. makes a daring escape. Actor/rapper Ice Cube takes over the lead role as the new xXx and Tamahori was brought in to direct following the huge commercial success of the James Bond film Die Another Day which he directed. Cohen remained an executive producer. Two different scripts were made for this film.

''xXx: State of the Union'' though the backs of buildings and warehouses. a fresh face. it succeeds brilliantly"[7] . Critical reception Chronicle called Ice Cube's version of xXx "a chubby. incomprehensible action hero"[2] . Stone leaps from the fleeing train while Gibbons destroys it with a missile. To which Gibbons replies "I got the perfect candidate.com compared watching the movie to running "headfirst at top speed into a brick wall"[3] . killing Deckert.873. Jackson—Agent Augustus Gibbons—head of NSA Scott Speedman—Agent Kyle Steele—young NSA agent Peter Strauss—President James Sanford Xzibit—Zeke—Stone's friend who works in a garage Michael Roof—Agent Toby Lee Shavers—Gibbon's tech assistant Sunny Mabrey—Charlie Mayweather—Deckert's beautiful cohort. Deckert receives full honors at his funeral. Boo Allen of the Denton Record . #48 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums and #5 on the Top Soundtracks. 2005 through Jive Records. as Stone goes back to his lifestyle. the xXx tattoo can be seen on the back of his neck. both critically and financially." 176 Main cast • • • • • • • • • • • Ice Cube—Darius Stone—the new XXX agent Willem Dafoe—Secretary of Defense George Deckert—the main antagonist of the film Samuel L. fights Deckert while helping the president escape in an adjacent helicopter. Alabama Cobb Ramon De Ocampo—Agent Meadows Soundtrack A soundtrack containing hip hop and alternative rock was released on April 26. Financially. and he drives off. 2008[1] . Connolly—Sgt.932 domestically and $71. it performed poorly. and Stone helps Kyle infiltrate the Capitol building. Nona Gaye—Lola Jackson—Stone's girlfriend John G. Mack Bates of the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel praised Ice Cube's "trademark charisma and street sensibility"[5] . the film was a disappointment with a gross of only $12. However. a new model.7 million on its opening weekend. Deckert with Cobb abducts the President while he is making the State of the Union Address. where we see Gibbons. It peaked at #117 on the Billboard 200. The last scene shifts to the now rebuilt NSA Headquarters. The flaming wreckage from the train lights Stone in a silhouette as he dives into the river below. Steele and Shavers discussing what the next xXx agent should be. Stone pursues the bullet train with a Ford Shelby Cobra Concept and after blowing Cobb up. They escape on a bullet train. Paul Arendt of the BBC said.693 worldwide[8] . David Hiltbrand of the Philadelphia Inquirer said "the plot swings between pathetically implausible and aggressively stupid"[4] . xXx: State of the Union was such a disappointment that it was widely believed to be the death of the xXx franchise. it has been reported that Vin Diesel has agreed to star in a sequel. They end up carjacking a tank. xXx: The Return of Xander Cage[9] . After some gunfights (in which Charlie is wounded by a liberated Gibbons). farther off the grid. half of what it was expected to earn. It went on to gross only $26. He and Lola part with her leaving him the Mustang. surly. Though the film was expected to be one of the summer blockbusters of 2005.022. Rotten Tomatoes scores it a "Rotten" 16% as of October 4. The President awards Agent Kyle and the Unknown Soldier (Stone) the Congressional Medal of Honor. Brian Orndorf of FilmJerk. However. "Viewed on its own trashy terms. while Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly called it "that rare B movie that’s rooted in gut-level stirrings of power and retaliation"[6] . somewhat to Stone's disgust. some critics liked the film. narrowly avoiding the wreckage that plunges in after him.

sonypictures. variety.1056450.XXX2: The Next Level (http:/ / www.review . Pictures .moviehole. Media .boxofficemojo. Los Angeles.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Willem Dafoe interview for XXX: State Of The Union (http://www. com/ entertainment/ ui/ philly/ movie.00.com/movies/?id=xxx2. ew. bbc. com/ story/ index. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1) External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. com/ m/ xxx2_state_of_the_union/ articles/ 1384898/ just_what_we_need_a_chubby_surly_incomprehensible_action_hero) [3] FilmJerk. com/ m/ xxx2_state_of_the_union/ ) [2] ROTTEN TOMATOES: Just what we need.com/m/xxx2_state_of_the_union/) at Rotten Tomatoes xXx: State of the Union (http://www.com/work/291135) at Allmovie xXx: State of the Union (http://www. html) [7] BBC . jsonline.com/title/tt0329774/) at the Internet Movie Database xXx: State of the Union (http://www. htm) [9] Columbia revs up another 'XXX' .allmovie. rottentomatoes.com (http:/ / www.Movies .metacritic. html) .. shtml) [8] XXX: State of the Union (2005) .Variety (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. html?id=301309& reviewId=17886 [5] http:/ / www.Entertainment News. com/ ew/ article/ 0. com/ movies/ ?id=xxx2. php?id_rev=566) [4] http:/ / ae. aspx?id=322097 [6] XXX: State of the Union | Movies | EW. com/ reviews/ article. rottentomatoes. com/ article/ VR1117992178.imdb. co.com .Box Office Mojo (http:/ / www.''xXx: State of the Union'' 177 References [1] XXX: State of the Union (XXX: The Next Level) Movie Reviews.XXX: State of the Union (http:/ / www. a chubby.rottentomatoes.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www.net/news/20050427_5525.com/movies/triplex2/) xXx: State of the Union (http://www.Reviews . uk/ films/ 2005/ 04/ 25/ xxx2_the_next_level_2005_review. surly. philly. incomprehensible action hero (http:/ / www.com/film/titles/xxxstateoftheunion) at Metacritic • xXx: State of the Union (http://www. filmjerk.

2005 136 minutes United States English .''Coach Carter'' 178 Coach Carter Coach Carter Promotional poster Directed by Produced by Thomas Carter David Gale Brian Robbins Michael Tollin Mark Schwahn John Gatins Samuel L. Jackson Robert Richard Rob Brown Debbi Morgan Ashanti Rick Gonzalez Antwon Tanner Nana Gbewonyo Channing Tatum Kenneth Burgomaster DMX Paul Linford Trevor Rabin Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Sharone Meir Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Peter Berger MTV Films Paramount Pictures January 14.

California. who created the TV series One Tree Hill. even though she sees first-hand how that has gone for her cousin. It is based on a true story. after a heavy course of working out win their first match only to be followed by multiple consecutive wins while in the previous season the team had lost 22 games and only had four wins. Carter continues to get threats from other people when someone throws a rock through his window.0 GPA set by the CHSAA). he accepts and starts to gain their respect. The movie also recycles a handful of plot-lines from another TV series. The White Shadow.3 grade point average (not just the 2. Plot Kenneth Carter (Samuel L. . Jackson) is offered a part-time. One of the players. The screenplay was co-written by Mark Schwahn. Meanwhile. unable to decide whether he should continue with his academic life and play basketball in college or take care of the baby. whose pregnant girlfriend. invites the whole team to her house for a party while her parents are away. All of this leads to Cruz quitting the team a second time. Together. After receiving the poor grade reports of the team. and they must wear jackets and ties on game days. Carter only agreed after Damien signed a contract stating that he will maintain a GPA of 3. They celebrate when one of the fans. for which he had previously played and set as of yet unbroken records. Carter challenges him with the seemingly impossible task of 1000 suicides and 2500 pushups to be completed in less than a week. only to discover that the whole team is gone. who were coincidently last season's scoring leaders. USA) head basketball coach Ken Carter made headlines in 1999 for benching his undefeated team due to poor academic results. low-paying ($1. he is able to complete them and Carter allows him back on the team. Cruz is later seen hanging with his older. Carter. he orders his team out and finds Worm sleeping with the parents' daughter. Coach Carter sets strict new rules for the team in the form of contracts — they must maintain a 2. Carter insists that all the players must accept the consequences for their collective actions as a team. they must attend classes and sit in the front row. in which Richmond High School (Richmond. a good student who attended and played basketball at the private school St. Carter and the team. tries to find Damien.3 GPA).806 [1] 179 Coach Carter is a 2005 film from Paramount Pictures. The movie shows the personal side of some players like Kenyon (Rob Brown).669.7. Francis. Timo reminds him that he has winners. forfeits games including the most important game of the season. He comes upon the girl's house just as her parents are coming back home. and makes the team spend practice time in the library. Carter is also found on several occasions through out the movie asking Cruz what is his deepest fear. Carter's son Damien. and with the help of his teammates also doing suicides and pushups. which director Thomas Carter co-starred in. He cancels basketball practice. Cruz tortures himself to do it. Timo Cruz (Rick Gonzalez). On their way back. quits the private school (against his father's wishes) and transfers to Richmond High School to play basketball on his father's team. However. he berates the team and tells them that next practice will be hard on all of them. Carter cracks down on them and locks them out of the gym in the midst of the still undefeated season. asking to return. eventually going back to work for Renny. Kenyon becomes confused. Although he discovers the players to be unruly and disrespectful. Cruz goes back and forth between dealing drugs and playing on the team. He walks in on practice one day. walks out of practice on the first day after an altercation with Carter.''Coach Carter'' Budget Gross revenue $30 million $76. Kyra (Ashanti) has given up on her plans for college in favor of having the baby. a taxi driver tells them where they are. who is unaware of this. The team also won a holiday basketball tournament. who admires Worm. Two other team members walk out on the team. Renny. being tutored by some of their teachers. directed by Thomas Carter. drug-dealing cousin. Although a few of the players are fulfilling the contract (including Kenyon who protests that he has a 3.500 for the whole basketball season) job coaching the Richmond Oilers basketball team at his old high school. They sneak out of their hotel and go over to her house. and someone spits on his car. it was what he wanted.

the school board and the parents fight back against Carters actions. Box Office and has grossed over $67 million to date. saving him from a future like his cousin's. Common. Timo Cruz attended Humboldt State University where he became a starting guard. Cruz ends up at Carter's house that night. and Wouldn't You Like to Ride. It is our light. it is in everyone. Francis (starring a superstar NBA prospect). after those actions received media attention. Damien Carter went on to break the Richmond High School scoring and assist records previously held by his father. and only 6% of those who graduate usually went to college). Malik Usef. Junior Battle went to San Jose State University on a full scholarship. Military Academy at West Point. The team makes it into the state high-school championship playoffs. As we are liberated from our own fear. Critical reception The reviews for the film were generally positive. it is told that six of the players went on to college (this was a school at which only about 50% of students graduated. Upon graduation.S. The big climactic game takes place at the state tournament's first round against the #1 ranked team in the state. Your playing small doesn't serve the world. An extensive list of songs is featured on the soundtrack which differs from the soundtrack recording. managing to bring in only $9 million overseas. and as of August 16.S. Carter is on the verge of quitting. The board eventually votes 4–2 to end the lockout. Despite the Oilers' strong effort. Box office The movie debuted at #1 on the U. Over the closing song. So Carter lets Cruz back on the team. 2010 it has a 65% fresh meter at rottentomatoes. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure. for a total of $76 million. There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people won't feel insecure around you. St. the movie was not as big of a hit worldwide. apologizing for his behavior and begging him to allow him back on the team. Eventually. the school board can't force them to play. Renny is shot and killed on the sidewalk while Cruz is walking back to him after greeting his friends from the team. by quoting Marianne Williamson: 180 “ Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Carter is heartened and decides to stay.''Coach Carter'' Late one night. he attends the U. we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same. the dissenting votes being the school's principal and the chairwoman of the board. but when he arrives at the gym to pack up his things. . Soundtrack The film features the song "Hope" by Twista and Faith Evans as the main song off the film's soundtrack. Kenyon Stone attended Sacramento State University and received a degree in Communications. However. not our darkness that most frightens us. Cruz is finally able to answer Carter's question. as children do. Jason Lyle went to San Diego State University and received a degree in Business Administration. he finds the players sitting at school desks in the gym.com. The recording has five songs which were not featured in the film : About da game by Trey Songz. with their teachers tutoring them. Kanye West. "What is your deepest fear?". ” So his own fear is to not fulfill his true potential. thanking the players. Carter´s team does not win. and as we let our own light shine. Balla by Mack 10 featuring Da Hood. What Love Can Do by Letoya. It is not just in some of us. Critics gave Jackson considerable praise for what they believed to be his strongest performance. Worm (whose real name is Jaron Willis) received a scholarship to San Francisco State University where he played point guard for four years. We are all meant to shine. The players point out that even though the gym is reopened. Beauty queen by CzarNok. our presence automatically liberates others.

Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. Jackson (Winner) Outstanding Director for a Motion Picture: Thomas Carter (Nominated) Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture: Ashanti (Nominated) • MTV Movie Awards • Best Female Breakthrough Performance: Ashanti (Nominated) Trivia • The movie is set in 2004 instead of 1999 when the actual events took place. Jackson (Nominated) • Best Breakthrough Performance: Ashanti (Nominated) • Image Awards • • • • Outstanding Motion Picture: (Nominated) Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture: Samuel L.''Coach Carter'' 181 Awards/nominations • Black Movie Awards • Outstanding Achievement in Directing: Thomas Carter (Winner) • Outstanding Lead Actor in a Motion Picture: Samuel L. Jackson — Coach Ken Ray Carter Robert Ri'chard — Damien Carter Rob Brown — Kenyon Stone Rick Gonzalez — Timo Cruz Nana Gbewonyo — Junior Battle Antwon Tanner — Jaron 'Worm' Willis Channing Tatum — Jason Lyle Ashanti — Kyra Texas Battle — Maddux Denise Dowse — Principal Garrison Janet Jackson — Tonya Carter Mel Winkler — Coach White Vincent Laresca — Renny Sidney Faison — Ty Crane Octavia Spencer — Willa Battle ." "We were born to make manifest the glory of God that is within us. Leaving out the sentences "Actually. Francis. • The movie states that Coach Carter attended George Mason University. In actuality. Jackson (Nominated) • Outstanding Motion Picture: David Gale. a former tight end for the NFL's Oakland Raiders. and a wayward youth (Timo Cruz) recites an edited version of the poem to prove his reformation. but Monte Vista High School. Brian Robbins & Michael Tollin (Nominated) • Black Reel Awards • Best Director: Thomas Carter (Winner) • Best Actor: Samuel L. Carter attended George Fox University." • The school that actually beat the Oilers was not St. • "Our greatest fear" by Marianne Williamson is referenced throughout the film by Coach Carter. who are you not to be? You are a child of God. • "Junior Battle" is based on Courtney Anderson.

com/) Official Coach Carter Soundtrack (http://www.Himself Lorcan Ryan .htm) at Box Office Mojo Coach Carter (http://www.''Coach Carter'' • • • • • • Adrienne Bailon — Dominique Dana Davis — Peyton Bob Costas .rottentomatoes.com/m/coach_carter/) on Rotten Tomatoes Coach Carter (http://www.coachcartermovie. com/ movies/ ?id=coachcarter.Tyron Shorty Mack .coachcarter.com/) (non-film) .Pinole Guy 182 References [1] http:/ / boxofficemojo.imdb.coachcartersoundtrack.boxofficemojo.Tyreek Jeremy Wray .com/title/tt0393162/) at the Internet Movie Database Coach Carter (http://www.com/) Coach Carter (http://uk.com/movies/?id=coachcarter. htm External links • • • • • • Official movie site (http://www.

''The N-Word'' 183 The N-Word The N-Word Movie cover for The N-Word Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Todd Larkins Williams Helena Echegoyen Nelson George Todd Larkins Williams Various actors. The movie. comedians. actresses. and activists Michael Cohen Distributed by Trio Films Release date(s) June 26. politicians. English The N-Word is a 2004 documentary directed and written by Todd Larkins Williams. as the title may suggest. looks into the history and usage of the word nigger and its variations. musicians. 2004 Running time Language 86 min. Interviews With: • • • • • • • • • • • • Sandra Bernhard Todd Boyd Elaine Brown LeVar Burton George Carlin Cee-Lo Morris Chestnut Stanley Crouch Ice Cube Damon Dash Chuck D Nelson George .

''The N-Word'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Whoopi Goldberg Dick Gregory Bryant Gumbel Lisa Gay Hamilton Samuel L. Jackson Quincy Jones Robin D.G. Kelley Regina King Talib Kweli Nia Long Wynton Marsalis Chi McBride Paul Mooney Alvin F. Poussaint Michael Rapaport Ving Rhames Chris Rock John Salley Ron Shelton Russell Simmons John Singleton Cree Summer Saul Williams George C. Wolfe

184

External links
• The N-Word [1] at the Internet Movie Database

References
[1] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0417003/

Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson

185

Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson
Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson

dvd cover
Directed by Written by Release date(s) Language Ken Burns Geoffrey C. Ward 2004 English

Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson is a documentary by filmmaker Ken Burns based on the nonfiction book of the same name by Geoffrey C. Ward (2004). The documentary was first broadcast on PBS in two parts on January 17 and January 18, 2005. In Burns' signature style the 220-minute film serves as a biography of Jack Johnson, the first African-American Heavyweight Champion of the World, as well as a documentary of racism and social inequality during the Jim Crow era against which Jack Johnson lived in defiant opposition. The film is narrated by Keith David and features a soundtrack by Wynton Marsalis and Samuel L. Jackson as the voice of Jack Johnson. Alan Rickman also contributed his voice to the documentary. In 2005, the film earned Burns an Emmy Award for Directing for Non-Fiction Programming. David won an Emmy for Best Voice Over Performance. The film was produced by David Schaye, Paul Barnes and Ken Burns (Executive Producer) for Florentine Flims.

''In My Country''

186

In My Country
In My Country

Directed by Produced by

John Boorman John Boorman Kieran Corrigan Robert Chartoff Lynn Hendee Mike Medavoy Antjie Krog Ann Peacock Samuel L. Jackson Juliette Binoche Brendan Gleeson Murray C. Anderson & Warrick Sony

Written by Starring

Music by

Distributed by Columbia TriStar Release date(s) 11 March 2004 Running time Language Budget 103 min. English $12,000,000 US

Gross revenue $1,491,434 [1]

In My Country is a 2004 English-language film directed by John Boorman, starring Samuel L. Jackson and Juliette Binoche. The screenplay, written by Ann Peacock, was based on Antjie Krog's memoir Country of My Skull. A special screening of the film was held for Nelson Mandela in December 2003 in the presence of John Boorman, Juliette Binoche and Robert Chartoff. Mandela liked the film and provided producers with a quote for promotion of the film: "A beautiful and important film about South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. It will engage and influence not only South Africans, but people all over the world concerned with the great questions of human reconciliation, forgiveness, and tolerance."

authenticity was greater than many other productions both before and since through the use of actual furniture. lacks credibility as a Post reporter [2] . The Mt. fixtures. Retrieved on 2011-01-07.com/m/in_my_country/) at Rotten Tomatoes .com/title/tt0349260/) at the Internet Movie Database In My Country (http://www.''In My Country'' 187 Plot The movie deals with the story of Afrikaner poet Anna Malan (Binoche) and an American journalist. Of further note is that the film spanned in virtually the entire country's fund of technical talent at the SABC and other film studios. htm [2] http:/ / www. com/ m/ in_my_country/ ). com/ wp-dyn/ articles/ A15797-2005Mar31. in which Binoche fails at the Afrikaans accent and Jackson's character. Langston Whitfield. html [3] In My Country Movie Reviews. boxofficemojo. Pictures (http:/ / www. External links • • • • In My Country (http://www. Production Filming took place in and around Cape Town and the Cape Peninsula.[3] Awards Berlin Film Festival 2004 • Winner of Diamond Cinema for Peace Award 2004 - References [1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ movies/ ?id=inmycountry.allmovie.com/movies/?id=inmycountry. The Gardens. In addition. sent to South Africa to report about the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings. motor vehicles and many other touches to ensured that The Country of My Skull is a remarkably South African production.com/work/in-my-country-299150) at Allmovie In My Country (http://www. Capetonians and travellers familiar with the city will recognise several well known land-marks co-opted to represent scenes within the film: • • • • • • The South African Museum. Criticism While the film was thought to have its "heart and politics in the right place" it was otherwise panned by the Washington Post as a "formula romance". The film made heavy use of distinguished South African actors and actresses of all backgrounds for both bit and prominent parts. It received much criticism for the inclusion of a love affair and its depiction of black South Africans.rottentomatoes. washingtonpost. Cape Town Tuin Huis Table Mountain The Countryside and surrounds of Paarl and Malmesbury. rottentomatoes. Rotten Tomatoes. Langston Whitfield (Jackson).boxofficemojo.htm) at Box Office Mojo In My Country (http://www. Nelson Hotel Locations in Stellenbosch.

2004 (London) November 5. Nelson Holly Hunter Sarah Vowell Spencer Fox Jason Lee Samuel L. Jackson Elizabeth Peña Michael Giacchino Produced by Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Andrew Jimenez Patrick Lin Janet Lucroy Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Stephen Schaffer Pixar Animation Studios Walt Disney Pictures Buena Vista Distribution October 27. 2004 (United States) 115 minutes United States English $92 million .''The Incredibles'' 188 The Incredibles The Incredibles Theatrical poster Directed by Brad Bird Bill Wise (Technical) John Walker John Lasseter (Executive) Brad Bird Craig T.

He regularly sneaks out to secretly fight crime with his friend Frozone. who gives her a set of supersuits for her and the children. before he can reveal this to Helen. It also received nominations for two other Academy Awards. who offers him a large sum of money to stop Omnidroid 9000. improving its design as they revealed its weaknesses. Jack-Jack. who refused to let him rescue an innocent crime victim. and Elastigirl. Syndrome's security system detects the homing signal and captures Bob. Incredible's most avid fan. and their teen daughter Violet can turn invisible and create protective force fields. but the family is required to hide their powers as part of the government's Superhero Relocation Program.442. The film won the 2004 Annie Award for Best Animated Feature.092 [1] 189 The Incredibles is a 2004 computer-animated superhero comedy film about a family of superheroes who are forced to hide their powers. with a busy day of crimefighting and the wedding of Mr. He also takes his torn superhero suit to be repaired by the famous fashion designer Edna Mode. Bob accepts the offer. Bob's yearning to help people draws the entire Parr family into a battle with the villain and his killer robot. Incredible and Elastigirl. Incredible" who is forced to give up saving people's lives. Holly Hunter as his wife. but Helen. Incredible and the other superheroes for shunning him. Helen locates him with a homing beacon and flies to the island in a jet. Bob and Helen live unhappy suburban lives in the city of Metroville. only to find him embracing Mirage. and was nominated for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy at the 2004 Golden Globes. an out-of-control robot on a remote island. and Elizabeth Peña as the beautiful assistant of a vengeful supervillain. or "supers". lawsuits from injured bystanders lead to a political backlash that forces all superheroes to stop saving the world and live normal lives. Incredible. Afterward. Jackson as Bob's friend. who can stretch her body into almost any shape." The film begins in the city of Municiberg. Bob has gained a lot of weight. and disables the robot. won a 2005 Hugo Award. Mr. One day. The starring voices are Craig T. and was produced by Pixar Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures. Plot The story is set in a world where some people have superhuman abilities. Incredible's old fan. Helen discovers the repair on his old supersuit and visits Edna. citing numerous cape-related superhero accidents. with Dash and Violet secretly stowing away and Jack-Jack at home with a babysitter. telling them "I work alone. It was written and directed by Brad Bird. a former director and executive consultant of The Simpsons. While Bob escapes from Syndrome. are Mr. and Violet survive and make their way onto the island. Omnidroid and the island are owned by Mr. and he feels frustrated by his office job with an insurance company. On his next trip to the island. After learning that Bob lost his job. Sarah Vowell as their teenage daughter. Nelson as Bob Parr. Incredible has a bright but foolhardy young fan named Buddy. Dash. Their young son Dash can run faster than the human eye can see. The baby. Incredible's sidekick. along with two 2004 Academy Awards. is flown to the island. Incredible rejects Buddy and other would-be helpers. Bob is fired from his job for losing his temper and assaulting his boss. he finds a video message from a beautiful woman named Mirage. Jason Lee as Mr. still pretending to have his old job. Two of these superpeople. Mr. However. Fifteen years later. but she refuses to add a cape to it. His plan is to make people believe he is a superhero by staging a fake battle with the robot. Edna makes a new suit for Bob. Bob is attacked by Omnidroid. appears to be an ordinary child. then shoots the jet down with some missiles. Shortly afterward. Buddy. including Best Animated Feature. Helen sneaks into Syndrome's facility to rescue Bob. who call themselves Bob and Helen Parr. who is exceedingly strong. He has already killed many supers by luring them to the island to fight Omnidroid. After hiding the children in the jungle. he happily spends time with his family and gets back into shape. who invents gadgets and wants to be Mr. who now calls himself Syndrome and intends to avenge himself against Mr. Samuel L.''The Incredibles'' Gross revenue $631. who can freeze things by spraying them with ice. a superhero called "Mr. who freed him . Spencer Fox as their young son.

where he reunited with John Lasseter. When the Parrs arrive. Brad Bird's inspiration Brad Bird was inspired by his own life while writing and directing the film. 190 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Craig T. While this was happening. the babysitter Production The film was originally developed as a traditionally animated film for Warner Bros.. Bird took the story with him to Pixar. Bob and Helen find the children. Bird was also trying to focus on his new family.''The Incredibles'' after a confrontation in which Syndrome refused to save her life."[2] . Bob and Helen save Jack-Jack after Syndrome drops him in midair. Incredible Sarah Vowell as Violet Parr Spencer Fox as Dashiell Robert "Dash" Parr Eli Fucile and Maeve Andrews as Jack-Jack Parr Jason Lee as Buddy Pine/Incrediboy/Syndrome Samuel L. His situation during that time was similar to that of Bob Parr after the superhero ban: Bird wanted to follow his love of making films. "Consciously. but they escape and follow him in a second rocket with help from Mirage. But I think that what was going on in my life definitely filtered into the movie. Three months later. In Metroville. Syndrome uses a remote-control device to prevent Omnidroid from harming him. who triggered the Island's security system shortly after Syndrome launched a rocket to fly Omnidroid to Metroville. but each film would fall by the wayside at some point during its development. after Dash races with his school track team and Violet makes a date with a boy she likes. and Syndrome is killed when his cape gets caught in one of his jet's engines. Syndrome eventually captures the family and follows the robot in a jet. Nelson as Bob Parr/Mr. which demanded more of his time. Jack-Jack uses his recently emerged superpowers to attack him. It is the first full-length Pixar film whose main protagonist is human. but after the studio shut down its division for fully animated theatrical features. they and Frozone defeat the robot. He felt that he would completely fail at one if he focused too much on the other. a new villain called the Underminer appears and the Incredibles prepare to fight him. Back in the jungle. Jackson as Lucius Best/Frozone Elizabeth Peña as Mirage Brad Bird as Edna Mode Bud Luckey as Rick Dicker Wallace Shawn as Gilbert Huph John Ratzenberger as The Underminer Dominique Louis as Bomb voyage Eli Fucile as Kari. this was just a funny movie about superheroes. but he is knocked unconscious after the robot's artificial intelligence becomes aware of the device and shoots it off of him. He stated. Incredible Holly Hunter as Helen Parr/Elastigirl/Mrs. and when Syndrome wakes up and tries to kidnap Jack-Jack.

"[3] In a 2009 interview. "Basically.' … There was a reason for it. Monsters Inc had 31 sets. we build a set – say.[6] . we actually 'location-scout' it. Brad Bird recalls. Bird's story was filled with elements that were difficult to animate with CGI at the time. frightened a lot of people with how many presents I wanted for Christmas. Whereas Bird is like. and then this shot. feeling a live action film would be preferable. However Barry did not wish to duplicate the sound of some of his earlier soundtracks. Disney was initially reluctant to make the film because of these issues. Up producer Jonas Rivera discussed how Bird's approach to filmmaking differed from the process previously used by Pixar: We almost treat it like a live action movie. Brad was willing to sacrifice flexibility for scope. clothing and realistic skin and hair. and shots come and go. then I want this shot. many 2D artists had to make the shift to 3D. and I don't want to see one pixel over to the right. this was to be the most complex film for Pixar yet. though Pixar executive John Lasseter vetoed this. and then got almost everything I asked for.''The Incredibles'' 191 Challenges during production Upon Disney accepting the project. that's a lot of work. The scope of The Incredibles was so big: for example. with a trailer of the film given a rerecording of Barry's theme to On Her Majesty's Secret Service. I came into a wonderful studio. Brad Bird wrote the script without knowing the limitations or concerns that went hand in hand with the medium of computer animation. check out all the angles with the characters on the bed.[5] the assignment was instead given to Michael Giacchino. or whatever. and we take that back and start building a layout based on that. Andy's room in Toy Story – and we get a camera.[4] John Barry was the first choice to do the film's score. Long hair had never been done by Pixar until this point. Because of this. As a result. Brad Bird was asked to bring in his own team for the production. He brought up a core group of people he worked with on The Iron Giant. Creating an all-human cast required creating new technology to animate detailed human anatomy. including Brad Bird himself. The Incredibles had 89. 'This is the exact shot I want. It was planned to be 15 minutes longer than anything else Pixar had created.

978) and Up ($293. "the Pixar whizzes do what they do excellently. The Incredibles still delights me the most. titled as "Full Metal Racket.164) and the fifth-highest grossing film of 2004. Makers of the 2005 film Fantastic Four were forced to make significant script changes and add more special effects because of similarities to the storyline of The Incredibles. you just wish they were doing something else.092. the highest opening weekend for a non sequel animated feature (the record was broken in 2007 by The Simpsons Movie with $74 million). averaging $17. The film was also #1 in its second weekend.600 screens at 3.307.342).''The Incredibles'' 192 Reception Critics The Incredibles received near-universal critical acclaim. It had its network television premiere on Thanksgiving Day 2007 on NBC sponsored by Target and its basic cable premiere on ABC Family as part of The 25 Days of Christmas in December 2007.359. fashion faux pas and existential angst. the film grossed $631. marital dysfunction.[16] the film grossed $70.442."[13] Similarly.441. despite being released in early November.004.342).893. Finding Nemo ($339. the highest opening weekend gross for a Pixar film (the record was later broken in 2010 by Toy Story 3 with $110.092. concluding.[8] Metacritic indicates The Incredibles "universal acclaim" with a 90 out of 100 rating. and its second cable showing on . entertaining story and a truckload of savvy comic touches.623 in its opening weekend from 7.[9] Critic Roger Ebert awarded the film 3 1⁄2 stars out of four. also the fourth-highest gross for a Pixar film behind Toy Story 3 ($1.272 per screen. Finding Nemo ($867.714. it rings true. It's not every toon that deals with midlife crisis. dropping just 29 percent." noted that "The Incredibles announces the studio's arrival in the vast yet overcrowded Hollywood lot of eardrum-bashing. and ranked fourth for the year. People magazine found that The Incredibles "boasts a strong.467."[12] Eleanor Ringel Gillespie of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution was bored by the film's recurring pastiches of earlier action films. Jessica Winter of the Village Voice criticized the film for playing as a standard summer action film.978) and Up ($731."[15] Box office performance Despite concerns that the film would receive underwhelming results. receiving a 97% "Certified Fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes[7] which made the movie the fifteenth greatest action film of all time and the only one of Top 20 with more than 100 reviews."[10] Rolling Stone gave the movie 3 1⁄2 stars and called the movie "one of the year's best" and said that it "doesn't ring cartoonish.012. and the highest opening weekend for a non-franchise-based film for just over five years when Avatar opened. Her review.744).[17] Worldwide."[11] Also giving the film 3 1⁄2 stars.251.189).[18] The film was also the second-highest grossing animated film that year behind Shrek 2. impotence fears.917 per theater or $9." Syndrome.440. metal-crunching action sludge.040. The film ultimately grossed $261. and easily outgrossing new animated opener The Polar Express. grossing another $50.342. He was #64 in Wizard's top 100 villains.[14] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone named The Incredibles #6 on his list of the best films of the decade.933 theaters. writing that the film "alternates breakneck action with satire of suburban sitcom life" and is "another example of Pixar's mastery of popular animation. child neglect. the antagonist of the movie was well received. the fourth-highest gross for a Pixar film behind Toy Story 3 ($406. writing "Of all the Pixar miracles studded through the decade.

According to the Internet Movie Database. It was Pixar's first feature film to win multiple Oscars. The other one is only accessible as an Easter egg.O. These and other awards place it among the most-honored animation films in recent history. Washington Post 3rd . • Jack-Jack Attack. LA Weekly top 10 .Marc Savlov.Chris Kaltenbach.18 million copies sold. 2008.[20] • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1st . New York Times 10th . New York Daily News 4th . Seattle Post-Intelligencer 3rd .Michael Sragow.Stephanie Zacharek. Film Threat 3rd . The Incredibles outtakes due to glitches in animation programming.Steven Rea. Baltimore Sun 7th .All critics.Peter Travers. • More Making of The Incredibles. Austin Chronicle 5th . LA Weekly top 10 . 2005.Ella Taylor.Lou Lumenick.Mike Clark. followed in 2010 by Up. The Oregonian top 10 . Austin Chronicle 7th . • The Making of The Incredibles. Philadelphia Inquirer top 10 . Rolling Stone 5th . Chicago Tribune 9th .James Berardinelli. 193 Awards The film won the Academy Award in 2004 for Best Animated Feature as well as Best Achievement in Sound Editing. Entertainment Weekly • Home video The Incredibles two-disc Collector's Edition DVD set was released on March 15. the film's deleted scenes plus an intro for all but one of them.William Arnold.com (tied with The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie) 8th . Slate 5th .Ken Tucker. 2011.Kimberley Jones. .[21] DVD extras and Easter eggs Like many other DVD releases. The film also received the 2004 Annie Award for Best Animated Feature and the 2005 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation.Glenn Kenny. and it was nominated for the 2004 Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy. • Incredi-Blunders. it was the highest-selling DVD of 2005. a documentary about making The Incredibles featuring about 30 of the crew members. or scenes included for intentional humor. Long Form. • Deleted Scenes. New York Post 4th .''The Incredibles'' Disney Channel as part of the No Ordinary Friday on February 1.Joe Morgenstern. Scott. New York Magazine 2nd . a Pixar short film made especially for the release of The Incredibles about what happened while Kari was babysitting Jack-Jack. USA Today • • • • • • • • • • • 5th . Entertainment Weekly 3rd .Kenneth Turan. Salon. there are various extra features available on the two discs including: • Introduction.David Edelstein.Lisa Schwarzbaum. another longer documentary also about making The Incredibles.[19] Top ten lists The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2004. The Wall Street Journal 2nd .Shawn Levy. This was also the first Pixar film to be given a PG rating. The film is scheduled to be released on Blu-ray in North America on April 12. an introduction for the extras featuring Brad Bird.Jack Mathews.A. Baltimore Sun 2nd . with 17.Michael WIlmington.Desson Thomson.Owen Gleiberman. It also received nominations for Best Original Screenplay (for writer/director Brad Bird) and Best Achievement in Sound. Los Angeles Times 2nd . Premiere 5th . ReelViews (tied with The Polar Express) top 10 .Ron Stringer.

In all merchandising outside of the film itself. Furthermore. The next miniseries. it was announced that a series of comic books based on The Incredibles would be published by BOOM! Studios in collaboration with Disney Publishing by the end of the year. Some of the other menus have more than one Easter egg movie. in the weeks before the movie's opening.[23] The first two miniseries by BOOM! were The Incredibles: Family Matters by Mark Waid and Marcio Takara. All future Disney·Pixar titles beginning with Cars would only be released on DVD and Blu-ray. In Europe. the cartoon with the characters' commentary. Landry Walker. Incredible cartoon spoofing cheesy superhero cartoons from the 1960s.[22] the one on the main menu shows every door. including television adverts starring characters from the film. The film was also released on UMD for the Sony PSP and in a limited edition VHS version. actor and actresses interview the characters • Theatrical Trailers. • Boundin With Commentary. Incredible and Pals With Commentary. and collected into a trade paperback published in July of that year. • Boundin'. a writer who did the voice of Violet Parr • Character Interviews. • Mr. In the United Kingdom. Kinder chocolate eggs contained small plastic toy characters from the film.''The Incredibles'' • Vowellet: An Essay by Sarah Vowell. which was published from March to June 2009. all proclaiming an "Incrediberry Blast" of flavor. Boundin' with commentary by Bud Luckey. The Incredibles: City of Incredibles. One of the eggs on the first Index menu is a short sockpuppet version of the movie. • Mr. This is due to a licensing agreement between Disney·Pixar and DC Comics. 194 Merchandising Several companies released promotional products related to the movie. The Incredibles film trailers. although the line was not as successful as the film itself. and was the last Disney·Pixar film to be issued in the VHS format. In Belgium. Telewest promoted blueyonder internet services with branding from the film. as well as promotional Pop Tarts and fruit snacks. Incredible. Comics In July 2008. Elastigirl is referred to as Mrs. Incredible and Pals. was published later that same year. who has a character named Elasti-Girl (a member of the Doom Patrol). info about the supers. a Mr. a documentary about the life of Sarah Vowell. by Waid. there were also promotional tie-ins with SBC Communications (using Dash to promote the "blazing-fast speed" of its SBC Yahoo! DSL service) and McDonald's. directed. production designed and narrated by Bud Luckey. . Dark Horse Comics released a limited series of comic books based on the movie. • Who Is Bud Luckey? a four-minute documentary about the making of Boundin'. button and explosion in the movie. • NSA Files. Kellogg's released an Incredibles-themed cereal. Toy maker Hasbro produced a series of action figures and toys based on the film. as well as Synchro-Vox cartoons like Clutch Cargo. a Pixar short film written. car manufacturer Opel sold special The Incredibles editions of their cars. The DC Comics character is able to grow and shrink at will from microscopic size to thousands of feet tall. There are also several Easter eggs in the menus. composed. and artists Marcio Takara and Ramanda Kamarga. which one plays appears to be a random choice.

. moviemusic. "I have pieces that I think are good. . (Currently Cars 2 and Monsters. metacritic. Award Annals. [5] http:/ / www. Trailers. rollingstone. com/ movies/ lists/ . html). Peter (2004-11-25). . php) [9] The Incredibles at metacrtic.com. C. was released for Windows and Mac OS X. Disney announced plans to make sequels for The Incredibles and Finding Nemo without Pixar involvement. html [6] http:/ / au. [15] [14243. Chicago Sun-Times. pg. Paik. "Interview: Pixar's Pete Docter and Jonas Rivera" (http:/ / www.kw=) "The Incredibles (2004)"]. Rolling Stone.4 November 2004 (http:/ / imdb. Paik. 2010. 236-37. Game Boy Advance. (2007) To Infinity and Beyond!: The Story of Pixar Animation Studios. The Incredibles: Rise of the Underminer. com/ articles/ 563/ 563642p1. Chronicle Books LLC. . . Xbox. com/ wiki/ Honor_roll:Animation_films). com/ tree/ 9606. Box Office Mojo. Pictures . "SCOOP: Stretching the end of FANTASTIC FOUR" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. the expectation was that Pixar would create more sequels and bankable franchises. com/ film/ awards/ 2004/ toptens. accessatlanta. Taking place immediately after the movie.62492]. .''The Incredibles'' 195 Video game A video game based on the film was released for the PlayStation 2. . People. blogspot. com/ news/ ?id=5716). [22] See eegs. [14243. Xbox. htm) [19] "Honor roll: Animation films" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. rottentomatoes. BBC Magazines. com/ movies/ ?id=incredibles. shtml) on 2008-03-27. boxofficemojo.) [24] Director Brad Bird stated in 2007 that he's open to the idea of an Incredibles 2 if he comes up with an idea superior to the original film. blu-ray. rottentomatoes. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?view2=worldwide& yr=2004& p=. music. [11] Travers. GameCube. dll/ article?AID=/ 20041104/ REVIEWS/ 41006004/ 1023). Retrieved 2009-12-02. htm).com . Incredible and Frozone as they do battle with the megalomaniacal mole. 62 (20):31 [13] The Incredibles | AccessAtlanta (http:/ / www. com/ movie/ the-incredibles) [10] Roger Ebert (5 November 2004). [1] [2] [3] [4] . Ribera (2011-01-07). Retrieved May 1.com (http:/ / www. When Disney acquired Pixar in 2006. Metacritic." Brad said. [16] Movie & TV News @ IMDb. Nintendo GameCube. the sequel focuses on Mr. metacritic. Retrieved 2008-07-25. Game Boy Advance. "The Incredibles" (http:/ / rogerebert. com/ movies/ content/ shared/ movies/ reviews/ I/ theincredibles. [25] References "The Incredibles (2004)" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. "Disney/PIXAR's The Incredibles Blu-ray Coming April 12" (http:/ / www. It is a collection of 10 games and activities for the playable characters to perform. [21] J. and mobiles. org/ web/ 20080327002309/ http:/ / www. archive. 238-51 Collins. "The Incredibles". (962):100 [12] Rozen. The Incredibles: When Danger Calls. Andrew (2009-10-05). radiotimes. PC.Movie Reviews. "The Incredibles". Apple Macintosh. The Underminer. html [7] The Incredibles . com/ mb/ Forum1/ HTML/ 013243. [20] "Metacritic: 2004 Film Critic Top Ten Lists" (http:/ / web. awardannals.62492 (http:/ / www. com/ scoop-stretching-end-fantastic-four_article_43221. shtml). Leah (2004-11-15). com/ top/ bestofrt_genre. Chronicle Books LLC.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www. pg. Retrieved 2009-02-05. ign. html). html) [14] Patrick Sauriol (2004-12-24). mania. Karen. A second game. com/ 2008/ 07/ pixar-comic-books-coming. several key scenes are altered from the original script. A third game. Blu-Ray. and Windows.62320. suntimes. com/ film/ awards/ 2004/ toptens. (2007) To Infinity and Beyond!: The Story of Pixar Animation Studios. Retrieved 2008-04-22.Studio Briefing . Mac OS X.com (http:/ / eeggs. Retrieved 2011-01-24. was released for PlayStation 2. when Disney owned sequel rights. Possible sequel In 2004. com/ blogs/ 759-andrew-collins-pixar-up-pete-docter-jonas-rivera/ ). metacritic.62320. com/ m/ incredibles/ ?critic=columns) [8] ROTTEN TOMATOES: ROTTEN TOMATOES: Top Movies: Golden Globes (http:/ / www. html) for more information about the Easter Eggs on these DVDs [23] "The Pixar Blog: Pixar comic books coming" (http:/ / pixarblog. htm) [18] 2004 Yearly Box Office Results (http:/ / www. . Those plans were subsequently scrapped. Radio Times. com/ news/ sb/ 2004-11-04#film6) [17] 2004 Yearly Box Office Results (http:/ / www. Though based on the movie. Retrieved 2007-09-16. but I don't have them all together. com/ apps/ pbcs. Inc. com/ yearly/ chart/ ?yr=2004& p=. 2007-09-16. Nintendo DS. Karen. 2 are slated for release in 2011 and 2012 respectively.

[25] "Bird on Toy Story 3 and Incredibles 2" (http:/ / www. comingsoon. latimes. Retrieved 2010-06-17.com/) The Incredibles (http://www.com/title/tt0317705/) at the Internet Movie Database The Incredibles (http://www. com/ business/ la-fi-ct-toystory-20100617. Retrieved 2007-06-22. 2 Kill Bill: Vol.theincredibles.com/m/incredibles/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Incredibles (http://www.com/film/titles/incredibles) at Metacritic The Incredibles (http://www.com/work/287450) at Allmovie The Incredibles (http://www. 196 External links • • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Kill Bill Vol. Los Angeles Times.rottentomatoes. php?id=21218).bcdb.com/movies/?id=incredibles.cgi?film=33816/) at the Big Cartoon DataBase The Incredibles (http://www.metacritic. 2010-06-17. 1 Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Quentin Tarantino Uma Thurman Lucy Liu Vivica A. Fox Daryl Hannah David Carradine Michael Madsen Julie Dreyfus The RZA Robert Richardson Sally Menke Music by Cinematography Editing by .0.imdb. 2007-06-22.boxofficemojo.''The Incredibles'' [24] "Pixar Shows Increasing Reliance on Sequels" (http:/ / www.2854793. net/ news/ movienews. .allmovie. story). 1 Teaser poster for Vol. .com/bcdb/cartoon.

G.045 [1] (worldwide) Kill Bill: Vol. 2 Theatrical poster for Vol. Fox Michael Madsen Daryl Hannah Gordon Liu Robert Rodriguez The RZA Robert Richardson Music by Cinematography . 2'' Studio A Band Apart Super Cool ManChu Production I.''Kill Bill Vol. Miramax Films October 10.949. 2 Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Quentin Tarantino Uma Thurman David Carradine Lucy Liu Vivica A. 2 Followed by Kill Bill: Vol. 2003 111 minutes United States Japan English Japanese French US$30 million [1] [1] 197 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue US$180.

Fox). The Bride engages her in a vicious fight. insisting that the two have “unfinished business”. an extensive use of popular music and pop culture references. Japanese Chanbara films. exploitation films and Italian spaghetti westerns. walks into the room. The Bride's voice-over reveals that she and Vernita were acquainted four years ago as members of the Deadly Vipers Assassination Squad (DVAS). . Filming took place in California. such as Hong Kong martial arts films.461 [2] (worldwide) Kill Bill: Vol. right before he shoots her in the head. Beijing. Originally conceived as one film. as is common among Tarantino's films. a squad of elite assassins under the employ of Bill. The Bride arrives at the home of Vernita Green (Vivica A. it was released in two "volumes" (in late 2003 and early 2004) due to its running time of approximately four hours. on the floor. and gasping for breath. divided into two volumes with five chapters each. but before The Bride can depart. she unapologetically informs her that her mother deserved what happened and offers her a chance for revenge should she seek it as an adult. In the next scene. beaten. and starring Uma Thurman as The Bride. meaning that the events are not all presented in chronological order. The Bride is unmoved. Vernita (codename "Copperhead") has since retired to a new life as a housewife and attempts to apologize for what she had done to The Bride (codename "Black Mamba") four years ago. and [3] [4] aestheticization of violence. The film is an epic-length revenge drama. Plot Kill Bill is one story. covered in blood. Volume 1 The film opens with a shot of The Bride (Uma Thurman). 2004 136 minutes United States English Cantonese Mandarin US$30 million [2] [2] 198 Budget Gross revenue US$152. Nikki. and The Bride is dismayed that Nikki witnessed her mother being killed. 2'' Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Sally Menke A Band Apart Miramax Films April 16. Vernita displays fighting prowess as the two end up in a knife fight. Tokyo. The Bride dodges the bullet and kills Vernita. with homages to earlier film genres. However. This synopsis follows the narrative structure of the film. The Bride leaves and strikes Vernita's name (the second name listed) off of her "Death List Five" — a list of five individuals whom she intends to kill in revenge for what they did to her four years ago. Taking Vernita by surprise. Vernita attempts to kill her with a gun hidden inside a cereal box. but the two women agree to cease the hostilities when Vernita's four-year-old daughter Nikki arrives home from school.159. Hong Kong. 1 Preceded by Kill Bill is a two-part action thriller film released in 2003 and 2004 by writer-director Quentin Tarantino. Texas.''Kill Bill Vol. They arrange to continue their fight later that evening. and Mexico. presented in a nonlinear narrative style. The Bride barely manages to tell him “It’s your baby”. The unseen Bill (David Carradine) speaks to her about how he takes no pleasure in killing her and draws his gun.

where she confronts O-Ren at a night club called the "House of Blue Leaves". Bill explains that Pai Mei mastered the legendary "Five Point Palm Exploding Heart Technique". seals her inside a coffin and buries her alive. the one-eyed Elle Driver (Daryl Hannah) (codename "California Mountain Snake"). She asks Hanzō to grant her a sword. but are amazed to discover that she is still alive. shooting her in the chest with a shotgun loaded with rock salt and then injecting her with a sedative. Bill then asks Sofie if The Bride is aware that her daughter is still alive. the pregnant Bride was attacked by the DVAS during her wedding at a small chapel. 17-year-old sadist Gogo Yubari (Chiaki Kuriyama). She is transferred to the hospital as a Jane Doe. in the city of El Paso. After being admitted. The Bride then travels to Tokyo. O-Ren Ishii (Lucy Liu) (codename "Cottonmouth") who has since become the leader of the Tokyo underworld. The Bride travels to Okinawa to obtain a sword from Hattori Hanzō (Sonny Chiba). another member of the DVAS. who orders her to abort the mission. wherein he strikes five pressure points on the victim's . The Bride suddenly awakens from her coma.''Kill Bill Vol. stating her extreme dislike for the unconscious Bride. It takes a month for Hanzō to forge the sword. killing or seriously wounding all of them. but he then decides to forge his finest sword for her when he learns that she intends to wreak revenge on his former student: Bill. determining her first target. and eventually kills her. In the aftermath. a renowned swordsmith who has retired to the life of a sushi chef and sworn never to forge another "instrument of death". along with her groom-to-be (Chris Nelson) and their guests. including her personal bodyguard. a protege of Bill's who was also present at the wedding chapel massacre. enters the hospital and prepares to administer a lethal injection. that The Bride is coming to kill him. The Bride is at her wedding rehearsal. the Deadly Vipers enter the chapel (at the behest of Bill). in order to settle down with her as-yet unborn daughter and soon-to-be husband. 2'' It is revealed that four years earlier. who tearfully informs him that The Bride now knows the names and locations of the remaining DVAS and is setting out to kill them (as seen at the beginning of the film with Vernita Green). At the last second. leading her to assume that her baby is dead. Texas Ranger Earl McGraw (Michael Parks) and his son. the Crazy 88. which at first he refuses. She is horrified to discover that she is no longer pregnant. After regaining full control of her atrophied limbs. The film then continues from the the conclusion of the previous volume. another former Deadly Viper (codename "Sidewinder"). The film then flashes back to The Bride’s early days as Bill's protege and lover. Texas. and in that time The Bride trains for her confrontation with each member of the DVAS. albeit comatose. The Bride arrives at Budd's trailer. Bill arrives at the chapel. Edgar (James Parks). ending the film with a cliffhanger. opening fire on those assembled inside. The Bride keeps Sofie alive. Budd has put his assassin days behind him. O-Ren's army of henchmen. Bill takes her to the temple of the legendary and ruthless martial arts master Pai Mei (Gordon Liu). The Bride first severs the arm of O-Ren's best friend. to be the easiest to locate. arrive. where they killed all in attendance. Through the ensuing conversation it transpires that The Bride has decided to retire from assassination (as well as leave Bill. dressed as a nurse. as her identity cannot be determined. they arrange to meet at Budd’s trailer the next morning. She then kills all of O-Ren’s immediate guards. Eventually. She escapes from the hospital and swears revenge against the DVAS. much to The Bride’s surprise. Bill visits Sofie. and The Bride engages them in a lengthy fight. Four years after the attack. He then takes The Bride to a cemetery. 199 Volume 2 The second volume begins with a depiction of the events leading up to the wedding chapel massacre. finding herself in a hospital ward. her former lover). as he is third on her death list. She then duels O-Ren. In China. she is interrupted by a phone call from Bill. Sofie Fatale (Julie Dreyfus). living in a trailer and working as a disrespected bouncer at a local strip club. extracting the whereabouts of the rest of the DVAS from her by cutting off her other arm and dumps her off at a hospital. but Budd preempts her attack. Budd calls Elle and offers to sell her The Bride's Hanzō sword for $1 million. After Bill gives The Bride away to her husband-to-be. Bill travels to warn his estranged brother Budd (Michael Madsen). examine The Bride. with Bill performing the coup de grâce on The Bride depicted in the opening scene.

B. after five steps. Elle receives a call from Bill. In a post-credits scene. and she tells him that The Bride killed Budd with a black mamba. she embarks on a deadly trail of revenge against the perpetrators of the massacre. dead. and her target had sent an assassin of her own to kill Beatrix. A brief fight results in Beatrix disabling Bill with the Five Point Palm Exploding Heart Technique (secretly taught to her by Pai Mei). as Elle explains to him that she hated The Bride.B. watches cartoons in the next room. he remains unapologetic for what he did and Beatrix reiterates that they have "unfinished business". She is the second of Beatrix’s revenge targets. leaving them with only five footsteps to take before their heart explodes in their chest.B. As Elle goes to leave Budd’s trailer. Though Bill now understands. • Michael Madsen as Budd (“Sidewinder”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad and brother of Bill. Beatrix is in a state of heightened emotion.''Kill Bill Vol. • Lucy Liu as O-Ren Ishii (“Cottonmouth”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad. Bill shoots Beatrix with a dart containing a strong truth serum and he begins to question her about why she left him. is asleep. The Bride watches unnoticed from a nearby hilltop. she regrets that a loser like Budd was the one to kill her. The next morning. He is also the former lover of Beatrix and the father of her daughter. Beatrix joins her daughter. A short flashback recalls that the moment Beatrix found out that she was pregnant. she killed him by poisoning him. Bill draws his sword to attack Beatrix. 200 Cast • Uma Thurman as The Bride / Beatrix Kiddo (“Black Mamba”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad and described as "the deadliest woman in the world". Though The Bride is intrigued. Angered. Beatrix then disappeared. Elle reveals to the inquiring Beatrix that her missing eye was plucked out by Pai Mei after she insulted him during her training. a black mamba hidden amongst the money bites him repeatedly. She is targeted by her former allies in the wedding chapel massacre. Beatrix plucks out Elle’s remaining eye. Beatrix infiltrates Bill’s home. in her arms. and leaves Elle completely blind and writhing and screaming hysterically in the trailer with the black mamba. Bill leaves her with Pai Mei and though he expresses immediate dislike for her. Beatrix departs with B. After finding Bill’s location. The family spend the evening together peacefully with Bill making sandwiches and Beatrix watching a video in bed with her daughter. she was on an assignment. She is the first of Beatrix’s revenge targets. The Bride recalls her training with Pai Mei to break out of the buried coffin and dig her way to the surface. Bill. her four-year old daughter. Here she is shocked to find B. . Fox as Vernita Green (“Copperhead”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad. when Budd opens the suitcase. her ultimate fate unknown. while B. The venom kills him in a matter of minutes. The next day. alive and well. She later becomes “queen of the Tokyo underworld”. He is the final of Beatrix’s revenge targets. she is attacked by Beatrix. and a furious fight ensues. However. but respected her as her rival and the greatest warrior she has ever known. there is an outtake of Uma Thurman attacking one of the Crazy 88's from Volume 1. • David Carradine as Bill (“Snake Charmer”): The former leader of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad. • Vivica A. The Bride’s real name – Beatrix Kiddo – is finally revealed.B. not even Bill himself. shares a tender farewell with Beatrix before rising to his feet and walking across the lawn. falling to the ground. over a period of brutal training she eventually wins his respect. and falls into a coma. (Perla Haney-Jardine). as Elle arrives at Budd’s trailer for their transaction. killing them. Once B. He later becomes a bouncer living in a trailer. She later becomes a homemaker living under a false name. Beatrix managed to convince the assassin not to kill her due to her pregnancy and they agree to part ways. At this point. When she awakens four years later. Now trapped in the coffin in the present. In the present. and in retribution. in a hotel room. 2'' body. defeated. He is the third of Beatrix’s revenge targets. Elle brings with her a suitcase containing the $1 million for the sword. Beatrix explains that she ran away without telling Bill in order to protect her unborn daughter from the dangers she would have faced being associated with him in their line of work. Bill informs her that Pai Mei teaches no one the technique. and the film ends with a shot of the mother and daughter together.

Bill. Michael Parks as Earl McGraw: A policeman who investigates the wedding chapel massacre. an employee at the strip club at which Budd works. • Larry Bishop as Larry Gomez: The abusive manager of the strip club at which Budd works. Beatrix. • Bo Svenson as Reverend Harmony: The minister who was to officiate at Beatrix and Tommy’s wedding. Koike also wrote Lone Wolf and Cub (see below). Erica.[5] Lady Snowblood was adapted from the manga of the same name written by Kazuo Koike and illustrated by Kazuo Kamimura. Michael Bowen as Buck: An orderly at the hospital in which Beatrix passes her coma. • Helen Kim as Karen: An assassin sent to kill Beatrix. • Samuel L. 201 Volume 2 • Stephanie L. Jun Kunimura as Boss Tanaka: A Yakuza who is disgruntled when O-Ren assumes power. the Crazy 88. He has apparently been selling sexual access to her body while she was comatose. Beatrix's best friends who are present at the wedding rehearsal. She is also a former protégé of Bill’s. God will be cut". He is also a policeman. Beatrix comes to him asking for Bill’s whereabouts. 2'' • Daryl Hannah as Elle Driver (“California Mountain Snake”): A former member of the Deadly Viper Assassination Squad. Chiaki Kuriyama as Gogo Yubari: A sadistic 17-year-old who is O-Ren’s personal bodyguard. Vernita's 6-year-old daughter. as well as his descendants in later seasons. a 1973 Japanese film in which a woman kills off the gang who murdered her family. Although long retired. The film also references Samurai Reincarnation (1981) by quoting its iconic line "If you encounter God. he agrees to craft a sword for Beatrix. Volume 1 • • • • • • • • Ambrosia Kelley as Nikki Green. and Elle all train under him.''Kill Bill Vol. Gordon Liu as Johnny Mo: Head general of O-Ren’s personal army. and Janeen. • Sid Haig as Jay. • Lawrence Bender (uncredited) as Hotel clerk Influences The overall storyline of Kill Bill — a woman seeks revenge on a group of people. • Chris Nelson as Tommy Plympton: Beatrix’s fiancé who is killed in the wedding chapel massacre. Shana Stein. in which Sonny Chiba portrayed a fictionalized version of Hattori Hanzō. She is the fourth of Beatrix’s revenge targets. • Gordon Liu as Pai Mei: An immensely powerful and extremely old martial arts master. James Parks as Edgar McGraw: The son of Earl McGraw. Hattori Hanzō is modelled on legendary sword maker Muramasa. • Julie Dreyfus as Sofie Fatale: O-Ren's best friend and second lieutenant. and was present at the wedding chapel massacre. Jackson as Rufus: The pianist who was to perform at Beatrix and Tommy’s wedding. • Perla Haney-Jardine as B. She is raised by her father while her mother is comatose. and Caitlin Keats as Joleen. claims that his film's Hanzō is one of those descendants. Sakichi Satô as Charlie Brown. Tarantino. The Guardian commented that Lady Snowblood was "practically a template for the whole of Kill Bill Vol. Her attack comes moments after Beatrix learns that she is pregnant. 1 special features.: The daughter of Beatrix and Bill. The character is also a reference to the Japanese television show Kage no Gundan (Shadow Warriors in America). an employee at the House of Blue Leaves who wears a shirt similar to the Peanuts character.B. • Sonny Chiba as Hattori Hanzo: Revered as the greatest swordsmith of all time. in Vol. 1". • Michael Parks as Esteban Vihaio: A retired pimp. crossing them off a list one by one as she kills them — is adapted from Lady Snowblood. He was the first of Bill’s “father figures”. . Moore.

William Witney.[14] The two-volume format also amplified what some saw as a structural problem with the film: most of the action occurs in the first half.": Charles Bronson. the film differs from multi-part "franchise" series like Star Wars. California used as a filming location . writing "…Characters actually talk to one another here rather than the stilted samurai movie-speak of the first volume.[7] The Japanese Lone Wolf and Cub series of manga and films are echoed in the characters of The Bride and her daughter. Shintaro Katsu. released in the U. Lo Lieh. is actually viewed by the two characters."[14] Jeffery M.[6] One influential exploitation film that Tarantino has mentioned in interviews is the Swedish Thriller . Kill Bill was much anticipated by fans and critics and generated a tremendous amount of discussion. Sergio Leone. 2'' Kill Bill pays tribute to film genres including the spaghetti western. leaving some viewers enamored of one volume but disappointed by the other. Japanese yakuza films. Thus. Sergio Corbucci. each volume receiving a score of 85% on Rotten Tomatoes. ostensibly due to the film's length. 1 grossed $180. blaxploitation.''Kill Bill Vol. Tarantino recommended that actress Daryl Hannah watch the film to prepare for her role as the one-eyed killer Elle Driver. which Tarantino watched during the filming of Kill Bill. Lucio Fulci. Japanese samurai cinema. the cast of Vol. Shogun Assassin. This last genre. Sean O’Connell of Filmcritic.108. like some other critics. style. preferred Volume 2. and the history of its development all strongly imply that Kill Bill be regarded as one movie (for example. Daryl Hannah has claimed that the more slapstick elements of Elle's brawl with Beatrix were inspired by Jackass: The Movie.[12] [13] Kill Bill Vol.506. 1 are credited at the end of Vol. 202 Reception After a six-year hiatus of Tarantino films."[15] Church in Mojave Desert near Lancaster.045 worldwide. the film's internal structure.159. The short duration between the releases of the two volumes.S. Chinese wuxia. writers and actors.461 worldwide. as They Call Her One Eye. which was largely produced by the Shaw Brothers. Anderson of Combustible Celluloid. while most of the dialogue and plot are conveyed in the second. 2). under the title "R. The Americanized compilation version of this series. and kung fu movies of the 1960s and 1970s.[8] [9] The closing credits to both films included a short list of deceased directors. followed by Kill Bill Vol. Of Volume 2. "The drop-off in energy. is given an obvious nod by the inclusion of the Shaw Scope logo at the beginning of Kill Bill Vol. disinteresting counterpart is so drastic and extreme that you can hardly believe they come from the same director. such as "Pussy Wagon" (taken from lyrics in the film Grease). let alone conclude the same storyline. has been criticized as an attempt by Miramax to sell two tickets to one movie. 1.I. A movie in two volumes Though released as two parts. and Lee Van Cleef.en grym film. for a combined gross of $333.[10] [11] Both volumes did well at the box office. Kinji Fukasaku.com writes. The films also contains a number of references to specific American and European films. and coherence from Volume 1 to its bloated.949. the two volumes are noticeably different in style and tone. Chang Cheh. The dual-release strategy. Reaction by film critics was very positive.P. 2 with $152.

One critic referred to Volume 1 as a "cocktail party in an abattoir". and Tarantino has made a masterful saga that celebrates the martial arts genre while kidding it. and an effectively exciting soundtrack." The connection to Lady Snowblood is further established by the use of "The Flower of Carnage" the closing theme from that film. and now that we see it whole. loving it. which flares up with a red-tinged flashback whenever she's in the company of her next target. At the 2004 MTV Movie Awards."[16] In 2009. Liu won Best Villain in Volume 1. Kill Bill Volume 2 was nominated for Best Movie. At the 2005 MTV Movie Awards. it's greater than its two parts.[15] On the whole. Bernard Herrmann's theme from the film Twisted Nerve is whistled by the menacing Elle Driver in the hospital scene.[19] However. Kill Bill features an eclectic soundtrack comprising many musical genres." writes the Chicago Tribune’s Mark Caro. Music As with Tarantino's previous films. and transcending it. A brief. often-clever dialogue. . Thurman also received the Saturn Award for Best Actress in 2003 for her work in Volume 1. 2'' Roger Ebert celebrated the films.[21] Instrumental tracks from Japanese guitarist Tomoyasu Hotei figure prominently. On the two soundtracks. and after the success of Kill Bill they were frequently used in American TV commercials and at sporting events.. Robert Rodriguez's band.6. Uma Thurman received a Best Actress in a Motion Picture Drama nomination in 2004 and 2005 for her work in Volume 1 and Volume 2.. go-go group The 5.8's perform "I Walk Like Jayne Mansfield".. and the fight between The Bride and Gogo Yubari won Best Fight. Thurman won Best Female performance for Volume 1. The film was very popular at the MTV Movie Awards. and the fight between The Bride and Elle Driver in Kill Bill Volume 2 also won Best Fight. Thurman also thanked Chiaki Kuriyama during her acceptance speech. other critics found it well-constructed.' The film was nominated for 5 BAFTAs at the 2004 BAFTA awards ceremony.[18] Style and substance Much of the controversy over the film reflects the differing expectations of those who look primarily at a movie for its style and craftsmanship against those who look at story and substance.''Kill Bill Vol. David Carradine received a Best Supporting Actor nomination in 2005 for his work as the mentor-like titular character in Kill Bill: Volume 2. Uma Thurman was also nominated in 2004 for a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her work in 'Kill Bill: Volume 1. This is all one film. especially in the first volume. both volumes of the film received positive reviews. he placed the film on his twenty best films of the decade list. with tightly edited action scenes.[18] [20] Accolades Each part was nominated at the Golden Globe Awards. Thurman was nominated for best female performance. The end credits are driven by the rock and roll version of "Malagueña Salerosa". 15-second excerpt from the opening of the Ironside theme music by Quincy Jones is used as the Bride's revenge motif. a typical Mexican song performed by "Chingon".7. music ranges from country music to selections from the Spaghetti Western film scores of Ennio Morricone. "I'm Blue" and "Woo Hoo. saying "[When you] put the two parts together.[17] 203 Violence Much criticism concerned the amount and presentation of bloodshed and general mayhem. strong performances. "You never forget that Kill Bill is an exercise in genre-sampling. As the Bride enters "The House of Blue Leaves".

he wants to make two anime Kill Bill films. "Bennett Walsh said at the Shanghai International Film Festival. 2009. I might even shoot a couple of scenes for it now so I can get the actresses while they're this age.[30] He said he intends to make another unrelated film before that date as his eighth film. 2004 and Volume 2 on August 10. 2009. Nikki deserves her revenge every bit as much as The Bride deserved hers. Tarantino addressed the hostess by claiming "You haven't asked me about the third one" then asking the woman to ask the question would he be making a third Kill Bill film. 2'' 204 Releases Kill Bill: Volume 2 was screened out of competition at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival. In a December 2005 interview.''Kill Bill Vol.[22] Home release In the United States. 2004."[23] The United States does not have a DVD boxed set of Kill Bill. no such release has been announced.[24] Both films were released in High Definition on Blu-ray on September 9. and the other will be an origin starring The Bride. [29] and claiming "The Bride will fight again!" On October 3. and would be released in 2014. to give her and her daughter a period of peace. Best Buy did offer an exclusive box set slipcase to house the two individual releases together. According to the article. One will be an origin story about Bill and his mentors. who'll take on The Bride. the third film involves the revenge of two killers whose arms and eyes were hacked by Uma Thurman in the first stories". Japan and the United Kingdom. Tarantino told Entertainment Weekly in April 2004.[31] . Forthcoming Tarantino announced at the 2008 Provincetown International Film Festival that a single film version of Kill Bill with an extended animation sequence was to be released in May 2009. though box sets of the two separate volumes are available in other countries. I was going to do a new one every ten years.[25] As of January 2011. Upon the DVD release of Volume 2 in the US. which he replied "Yes". details have emerged about Kill Bill Volumes 3 and 4. She'll raise Nikki. however. such as France. The article adds that the "fourth installment of the popular kung fu action films concerns a cycle of reprisals and daughters who avenge their mother's deaths". it was revealed while being interviewed on an Italian TV show after being asked about the success of the two Kill Bill films. Tarantino announced that Kill Bill 3 would be his ninth film. 2008 in the United States. But I need at least fifteen years before I do this again. initially I was thinking this would be my "Dollars Trilogy". Tarantino addressed the lack of a special edition DVD for Kill Bill by stating "I've been holding off because I've been working on it for so long that I just wanted a year off from Kill Bill and then I'll do the big supplementary DVD package. I've already got the whole mythology: Sofie Fatale will get all of Bill's money. after the completion of Grindhouse.[27] [28] On October 1. ” According to Bloody-Disgusting.[26] Quentin Tarantino said at the 2006 Comic Con that. The latter is most likely to be a prequel. Volume 1 was released on DVD on April 13. but could also follow the rumored (sequel) plot reported in Entertainment Weekly in April 2004. at the Morelia International Film Festival. that he is planning a sequel: “ Oh yeah.com. He confirmed that he wanted ten years to pass between the Bride's last conflict.

.6955179. Retrieved 2007-06-11. Jeremiah.com. net/ albums/ database/ ?id=3356 [22] "Festival de Cannes: Kill Bill: Volume 2" (http:/ / www. html). shtml). Retrieved 2008-07-28. James (October 3.net. Retrieved on 2006-09-25 [6] Hannah claims Tarantino influenced by Jackass (http:/ / www. . bloody-disgusting. Contactmusic. 10 May 2008. html) [26] "Kill Bill Volumes 3 and 4 Details Emerge!" (http:/ / www. IMDb. Kill Bill Vol. 2005.0. Retrieved 2009-12-05. com/ movies/ ?id=killbill. Chicago Tribune. . [29] Quentin Tarantino Talks Kill Bill 3: The Bride Will Fight Again! (http:/ / www. php?id=15618). 28/05/2009 [7] (http:/ / www. uk/ features/ featurepages/ 0. bloody-disgusting. 2006. 1" (http:/ / www. . it/ index. rottentomatoes. com/ features/ best_dvd_packag. 2 receipts (http:/ / imdb. [23] "Tarantino Brings Kill Bills Together" (http:/ / www. soundtrack.. org/ web/ 20050107033919/ http:/ / www.com. . [24] "Best DVD Packaging of 2004" (http:/ / www. filmcritic. geo/ ) on 2005-01-07. Rotten Tomatoes. suntimes. . October 1. Volume 2" (http:/ / rogerebert. 2009). Box Office Mojo (http:/ / www. contactmusic.00. [4] "Filming locations for Kill Bill: Vol. com/ ).com. 2006. [31] Young. suntimes. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 4196889/ year/ 2004. 2009. [9] "The Annotated Kill Bill" (http:/ / web. Vol. imdb. php/ Kill_Bill_References_Guide/ _American_and_Euro_mainstream_and_exploitation). [15] "Kill Bill—Vol. com/ news/ 6841). com/ news/ 9221). Rose. rottentomatoes. Blake Wright on ComingSoon. 1'" (http:/ / metromix. tarantino. [17] Roger Ebert (2009-12-30).''Kill Bill Vol. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 2003–08–28. info/ wiki/ index. BadTaste. Rotten Tomatoes. dvdtalk. Roger Ebert's Journal. contactmusic. Retrieved 2010–06–05. php?option=com_content& task=view& id=9753& Itemid=29). html). 2004–04–06. [2] http:/ / www. . com/ new/ xmlfeed. combustiblecelluloid. htm. com/ ebert/ 2009/ 12/ the_best_films_of_the_decade. . [30] "Tarantino Teases 'Kill Bill Volume 3'" (http:/ / www. 1" (http:/ / www. 2" (http:/ / www. com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ m/ kill_bill_vol_2/ ) [12] IMDB. 2004-08-14. A Film Review" (http:/ / www. com/ m/ kill_bill_vol_2/ ). com/ title/ tt0266697/ locations). com/ ). [5] (http:/ / film. "Kill Bill: Volume 1. com/ 2004/ killbill2. DVD Talk. Retrieved on 2007-09-11 [8] "Kill Bill References Guide/ American and Euro mainstream and exploitation" (http:/ / www. 2009. 2006. [10] Rotten Tomatoes.1186526. boxofficemojo. . [18] "Kill Bill Vol. Variety. chicagotribune. com/ title/ tt0378194/ business) [14] O'Connell. net/ news/ movienews. "QUENTIN TARANTINO reveals almost everything that inspired KILL BILL". com/ main/ ?q=node/ 79). July 22. [27] Rodriguez and Tarantino Present Grindhouse! (http:/ / comingsoon. 2'' 205 References [1] http:/ / www. geocities. "Kill Bill. festival-cannes. The Quentin Tarantino Archives. . 2 (2004)" (http:/ / www.com. boxofficemojo. IMDb. com/ provincetown_film_festival_2008/ index. Tomohiro Machiyama. Kill Bill Vol. Retrieved October 2. Retrieved 2008-07-28. . htm. [28] SDCC '06: Tarantino Confirms More Kill Bill! (http:/ / www. html). "Movie review: 'Kill Bill.com. "The best films of the decade" (http:/ / blogs. December 21. guardian. . rottentomatoes. badtaste. 2007. 2006 [20] "Kill Bill Vol. "Tarantino wants to 'Kill Bill' again" (http:/ / www. nsf/ mndwebpages/ tarantino brings kill bills together). July 22. Bloody-Disgusting. Retrieved August 7. [16] Roger Ebert (2004-04-16). com/ article/ VR1118009525. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. variety. bloody-disgusting. Retrieved 2007-06-11. boxofficemojo. . nsf/ 84dbbfa4d710144986256c290016f76e/ 8bc9bcec3e81cf9588256db8007b01eb?OpenDocument). [21] http:/ / www. geocities. co. archive. boxofficemojo. japattack. html?categoryid=1043& cs=1).com. geo/ ). (2003). Steve. Retrieved August 7. com/ title/ tt0378194/ locations). dll/ article?AID=/ 20040416/ REVIEWS/ 404160301/ 1023). html). Accessed Sep 13. imdb. . ContactMusic. JapAttack. (2003). Retrieved 2007-06-11. Retrieved 2007-06-11. [19] Caro. com/ title/ tt0266697/ business) [13] IMDB. com/ m/ kill_bill_vol_1/ ) [11] Rotten Tomatoes. [25] (http:/ / www. com/ m/ kill_bill_vol_1/ ). 1 receipts (http:/ / imdb. "Found: where Tarantino gets his ideas". 2 reviews (http:/ / www. Mark. The Guardian. com/ lost-highway. nsf/ mndwebpages/ hannah claims tarantino influenced by jackass). Retrieved 2010–06–05. festival-cannes. Box Office Mojo (http:/ / www. Retrieved October 5. com/ news/ 17583). Sean & Kipp. Kill Bill Vol. 1 reviews (http:/ / www. story?coll=mmx-movies_top_heds). Kill Bill Vol.com. com/ lost-highway. 2" (http:/ / www. com/ misc/ emporium. com/ movies/ ?id=killbill2. . com/ movies/ mmx-031009movies-review-mc-killbillvol1. Filmcritic. Retrieved 2007-06-11. rottentomatoes. Retrieved 2010-10-10. rogerebert. 2006. advocateinsider. [3] "Filming locations for Kill Bill: Vol. .it. com/ new/ xmlfeed.

2 (http://www.info/works/killbill1.tarantino.universal-library.com/title/title. 2'' 206 External links Volume 1 • • • • • • • • • • Vol.htm) at Box Office Mojo Vol.com/work/280648) at Allmovie Vol. 2 (http://www. 1 (http://tcmdb. 2 (http://www.com/work/289932) at Allmovie Vol.com/title/tt0378194/) at the Internet Movie Database Vol.com/movies/?id=killbill2. 1 (http://www. html) • Production I.php/Kill_Bill_References_Guide) at tarantino. php?story_id=1824) Article from CGSociety.G on the Kill Bill Anime Sequences (http://features.allmovie.''Kill Bill Vol.jsp?stid=454983) at the TCM Movie Database Vol.com/title/tt0266697/) at the Internet Movie Database Vol.com/m/kill_bill_vol_1/) at Rotten Tomatoes Vol.info • Article from Universal Library including extended analysis (http://www.rottentomatoes. 1 (http://www.boxofficemojo. 1 (http://www. 2 (http://tcmdb.htm) at Box Office Mojo Vol.com/movies/?id=killbill.cgsociety.allmovie.rottentomatoes. 1 (http://www.imdb.boxofficemojo.info/wiki/index.org . 2 (http://www.org/story_custom.imdb.jsp?stid=543841) at the TCM Movie Database Vol.com/title/title.com/m/kill_bill_vol_2/) at Rotten Tomatoes Volume 2 • Kill Bill References Guide (http://www.

000. Jackson and Andy García.000 Twisted is a 2004 American thriller film written by Sarah Thorp and directed by Philip Kaufman. Moffett Peter Boyle Editing by Distributed by Paramount Pictures United International Pictures Release date(s) 27 February 2004 Running time Language Budget 97 minutes English ~ US$50. The film is set in San Francisco.''Twisted (2004 film)'' 207 Twisted (2004 film) Twisted Theatrical release psoter Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Philip Kaufman Barry Baeres Sarah Thorp Ashley Judd. D. It stars Ashley Judd.W. Andy García. . Jackson. Samuel L. California. Samuel L.

She begins to fear that she has the same violent tendencies and that she has been committing murder in her disorganized state..954... blacking out for increasingly long periods of time. Jessica Shepard Samuel L. Jessica Shepard (Ashley Judd) is a rising officer in the San Francisco Police Department. Reception The film received almost universally negative reviews with a 2% rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Jones .756. while allowing that the film "may dole out a few guilty pleasures".. Moffett . soon falls under suspicion. Dr.005 in other territories for a combined worldwide gross of $40. With only her mentor's support she must find the perpetrator and clear her name.. Mike Delmarco (Andy García) are assigned to the case.. Chip Marshall Joe Duer .. Larry Geber Jim Hechim . Wilson Jefferson Leland Orser . before she becomes the murderer's next victim..603[3] .598 in the United States and Canada and $15. Dale Becker D... She is transferred to the Homicide division and promoted to the rank of Inspector. all of whom she has had relationships with.. Lisa Mark Pellegrino . John Flanagan William Hall . Jimmy Schmidt Titus Welliver . a police patrolman..well below the film's production budget of $50 million.W.''Twisted (2004 film)'' 208 Plot Having solved a high profile case involving a serial killer. Her deceased father's former partner.. Her father... Mike Delmarco David Strathairn . Jackson .. When one of her former one night stands falls prey to murder.. who also has a drinking problem. Melvin Frank Russell Wong . had gone on a killing spree back in the 1970s and then murdered her mother. Edmund Cutler James Oliver Bullock . Shepard begins to experience a mental breakdown. John Mills (Samuel L Jackson). Shepard...198. she and her new partner. serves as her proud mentor. Ray Porter Richard T. Bob Sherman (as James Hechim) . Lieutenant Tong Camryn Manheim ...[1] One reviewer described the role-reversal of the film as "contrived". The recently promoted Jessica finds that she might once again have to prove herself in a department that takes no prisoners....... Three more murders follow. John Mills Andy García .[2] Box office The film generated $25... Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Ashley Judd ..

boxofficemojo. EmpireOnline. Pictures (http:/ / uk. asp?FID=10022). Retrieved 2010-11-28. com/ reviews/ ReviewComplete. empireonline. com/ movies/ ?id=twisted.com/splash.twistedmovie.com/title/tt0315297/) at the Internet Movie Database • Twisted (http://www. htm).com/m/twisted/) at Rotten Tomatoes . [3] Twisted (2004) (http:/ / www. References [1] Twisted Movie Reviews. com/ m/ twisted). They were also the cast for the Devil and one of the four horsemen in the series "Supernatural". rottentomatoes.com.imdb. as Jacob and "The Man In Black" respectively. Retrieved 2010-11-28.rottentomatoes.html) • Twisted (http://www. Retrieved 2010-11-28. who also appear together in the ABC series Lost.''Twisted (2004 film)'' 209 Trivia Featured in this movie are Mark Pellegrino and Titus Welliver. External links • Official site (http://www. Rotten Tomatoes. Box Office Mojo. [2] Review of 'Twisted' (http:/ / www.

The screenplay by Christopher Cannan and Steve Barancik is based on the short story The House on Turk Street by Dashiell Hammett. Scharf Columbia Pictures September 12. Milla Jovovich. Stellan Skarsgård and Doug Hutchison.000 (estimated) No Good Deed is a 2002 crime thriller film directed by Bob Rafelson." . The film was marketed with the tagline "He was more than a cop.''No Good Deed'' 210 No Good Deed No Good Deed Theatrical poster for No Good Deed Directed by Produced by Written by Based on Starring Bob Rafelson Barry M. Germany/United States English $12. 2003 (limited) 97 min. She was more than a thief. Berg David Braun Christopher Cannan Steve Barancik The House on Turk Street by Dashiell Hammett Samuel L. Jackson Milla Jovovich Stellan Skarsgård Jeff Beal Music by Cinematography Juan Ruiz Anchia Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget William S. It starred Samuel L.000. The original music score is by Jeff Beal. Jackson.

but he gives in to the neighbor's pleas and agrees to search for her daughter. She explains that if she let him go. Tyrone and Hoop leave for the bank. Hoop appears to be the near psychotic muscle man. and as he fumbles for it. it blew away as he helped Mrs. and he agrees to help the team rob the bank ahead of schedule. pretending to be outraged that his transfer cannot go through. she injects Friar and saves him from falling into a diabetic coma. Alone in the house together. Erin and Hoop talk about running away together after their crime has been committed. During the blackout. As David walks Tyrone out of the bank. The manager hands Tyrone a disc with all the various account numbers and passwords for the transfers. Back at the house. he insists that he must see Erin before he hands over the disc. claiming that Tyrone cut it off when she tried to leave him. where she finds his insulin in the refrigerator. leaving only the phone lines open.''No Good Deed'' 211 Plot summary Over the opening credits. and they make Friar a cup of tea. Meanwhile. Afterward. When Tyrone is in the garden at one point. and once inside. Tyrone would kill her. where most of her friends went on to become prostitutes. However. Mrs. Erin says that it's the only way for the two of them to be together. He assigns Erin to stay at the house and guard Friar. Jackson is shown practicing Johannes Brahms' Trio #1 in B Major. Friar explains who he is looking for and reaches for the picture in order to show it to the Quarres. Erin comments on the packed bags that she noticed at Friar's apartment. Hoop (Doug Hutchinson) emerges and points a gun to his head. revealing that she is also a musician. David offers to make the transfer on his laptop through a modem. Erin realizes he is a diabetic and tries to revive him by dripping orange juice into his mouth. Erin appears extremely sympathetic to Friar's plight. The Quarres seem to be innocent quasi-hostages. Op. but as Tyrone pretends to miss it with his outstretched hand due to his blindness. She points out that David will expect to see her at the bank. He runs to help her. Tyrone dispatches the Quarres to the airfield where they are to prepare a small plane for their escape to the Caribbean. She explains that Tyrone rescued her from a collapsing Russia. jazzlike version of the piece. Erin sits at the piano and begins to play a halting version of Chopsticks. by the end. As they are sitting in the living room. Quarre (Grace Zabriskie). he notices an elderly woman. David grabs the disc. Friar is tied to a chair and a criminal plot quickly emerges. Quarre with the groceries. He is packed and ready to go to a fantasy music camp in the Berkshires for two weeks. who has been staying with her disreputable boyfriend on Turk Street. who slips on her porch steps as she's carrying groceries. he meets her husband Thomas (Joss Ackland).8 and injecting himself with insulin. and David thinks it's impossible. The femme fatale is revealed to be a woman named Erin (Milla Jovovich) who is involved with the ringleader Tyrone (Stellan Skarsgård). but Tyrone insists that he can handle David. Hoop infiltrates the electrical system and causes a total blackout. At the bank. On Turk Street. he uses David as a foil against the bank manager. the lack of food has made Friar pass out. police detective Jack Friar Samuel L. Tyrone and Hoop decide to go to David's house and ambush him. Out of desperation. although the nature of it and the roles of the people in the house are unclear. Pointing the gun at Friar. She gives him a copy of Henri Duparc's Chanson Triste. The doorbell rings and it is a banker named David (Jonathan Higgins). she grabs his keys and wallet and drives his car to his apartment. much to his manager's relief. and she needs to report the case to missing persons. and he sight reads it with her accompanying on piano. on Turk Street. Friar protests that he is just a grand theft auto cop. she is playing a sophisticated. Tyrone impersonates a blind man making a $10 million transfer out of the bank. despite this being a departure from the plan. Friar shows the picture of the boyfriend to several people with no luck. she says she'll collect the debt he owes her for saving his life by making him play with her. Erin informs him that the crime has been moved forward to today. and she reveals that she brought his cello back with her. As it begins to rain. much like himself. Friar thanks her for saving his life and says that he owes her one. who is the inside man for the heist. insisting that the transfer absolutely must happen by 6:00 PM. She shows Friar her right foot which is missing the second toe. he sits behind her . His neighbor arrives and begs him to retrieve her daughter.

He clearly has fallen for Erin. killing him. At David's house. The crew will drive to Albany and then on to the Canadian border. who is clearly averse to shedding blood himself. since only he knows if she was a hostage or a conspirator. On the way to Canada. He allows her to tie him up again. Quarre tries to take the disc from Tyrone. and he refuses to divulge the password unless he sees Erin. At one of the banks. Quarre is heartbroken and kills himself with her pistol. Friar has loosened his bonds. promising that she'll return for him. signaling that she will choose him.''No Good Deed'' and teaches her to play the cello. As Tyrone runs for the border with the shotgun. he can help them with their escape plan. he tells a cop to arrest her. Friar says that a security guard has written down their license plate number. In order to still have the advantage over Friar. he kills David without getting the password. David insists on being alone with Erin. Hoop gets more and more agitated as time goes by. but the extent is unclear. At the Canadian border. Enraged by the sight of Erin and David in bed. killing Mrs. finally barging into the room. He has password-protected the contents of the disc. and the two of them make love for the first time. As Mr. Tyrone puts a gun in Erin's hand. when the Quarres burst in with guns. he can help them get to the border without incident. convincing Tyrone that they need to stop and steal some new ones. returning for David in a few days. Tyrone calls each bank in advance and convinces them to allow him to withdraw the funds at the drive-thru. Friar convinces Tyrone. Friar insists that the time has come for Tyrone to let them go. that as a cop. Tyrone agrees. but Erin points out that he can't be seen with Tyrone ever again. The two almost kiss. presumably so she will not be killed by Tyrone. Mr. He asks that Erin be allowed to choose her own path from there: whether to be with Friar or Tyrone. Tyrone reveals that the $10 million has been transferred into multiple banks around Albany in smaller amounts which won't attract the attention that the original sum would. trying to make her pull the trigger as her 'baptism'. he is gunned down by the border police. She reminds him of how they almost kissed and says that they've each got their $1 million share of the cashier's checks which they could use to run away together. where Tyrone reveals that they are not going to meet the Quarres at the airfield. The couple realized that they were being abandoned and want their cut of the bank money. Erin correctly guesses that the password is her name. Friar reveals that he has torn his up and allows her to walk away. As she is leaving the border station. He turns around with the pistol and Tyrone fires the shotgun. David says. The trio spend the morning going to the various banks withdrawing the funds in cashier's checks. who coyly tries to hew to the plan that she leave with Tyrone for the Caribbean. Quarre. but Friar decides against it. Hoop gets nowhere by roughing up the poor banker. Erin concocts a story that Friar was lying about looking for a girl and was in fact looking for Tyrone. 212 . Friar has to choose whether or not to turn Erin in. and the three of them get in a car together. his shotgun goes off. as they wait in line behind the other cars. "Enough promises". Hoop brings Erin to David's house. and when Hoop attempts to strangle him. Friar stabs him in the neck with a corkscrew. Friar has placed the old license plates behind his back. riding in the back seat with a shotgun aimed at Friar's back. but she slips a pistol to Tyrone in the front seat. convincing Tyrone that they must return to Turk Street and kill him. and Friar asserts that with the siren in his car and his badge. He wants to go with them. Realizing her various escape plans were being cut off. Erin slides into the backseat with Tyrone. shielding him from the blast. leaving Friar alone on Turk Street.

Canada. which Bob Rafelson created. com/ title/ tt0292610/ [2] http:/ / www. Thomas Quarre Grace Zabriskie . Peter Rafelson.Willy Trivia • During the scene where David Brewster is driving in the rain. External links • No Good Deed [1] at the Internet Movie Database • No Good Deed [2] at Allmovie • No Good Deed [3] at Rotten Tomatoes References [1] http:/ / www. • This film was shot on location in Montreal. The version in this film is performed by his son. which originated from the TV series The Monkees.Hoop Joss Ackland . com/ m/ no_good_deed/ .Mrs. allmovie. rottentomatoes. com/ work/ 276153 [3] http:/ / www.David Brewster Shannon Lawson . imdb.Tyrone Abernathy Doug Hutchison .Jack Friar Milla Jovovich .Mr. Quarre Jonathan Higgins .Amy Robert Welch . Jackson . Quebec.''No Good Deed'' 213 Main cast • • • • • • • • • Samuel L.Erin Stellan Skarsgård . the song playing is "(I'm Not Your) Stepping Stone".

(film)'' 214 S.A. Jackson Michelle Rodriguez LL Cool J Josh Charles Olivier Martinez Elliot Goldenthal Michael Tronick Original Film Columbia Pictures August 8.W. 2003 117 min.T.W. Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Clark Johnson Dan Halsted Chris Lee Neal H.A.W. Written by Starring Music by Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time . (film) S.T.T.''S.A. Moritz Characters: Robert Hamner Story: Ron Mita Jim McClain Screenplay: David Ayer David McKenna Uncredited: George Huang Lem Dobbs Chris Morgan Craig Fernandez Colin Farrell Samuel L.

and wounds a hostage. and Hondo's team has spirited Montel away in two S. the latter of whom is taken off the SWAT team and sent to work in the "gun cage. who is portrayed as a "fussy martinet". his associates. The film's last line is Hondo shouting. and is based on the 1975 television series of the same name. but a mysterious attacker (it is presumed to be Gamble) shoots down the helicopter.W.J. and there is a vicious hand to hand fight between Street and Gamble. detain him. . It proves to be a decoy. personnel stop Montel for a broken taillight. Jackson. (film)'' Language English Spanish French $80.A." where he looks after gear and weapons.T. Street. Gamble and Street are demoted by Captain Fuller (Larry Poindexter). His high-tempered partner and close friend Brian Gamble (Jeremy Renner) disobeys an order.639 [1] 215 Budget Gross revenue Followed by S.. The SWAT team delivers Montel to a federal prison to await trial. Colin Farrell.A.P. and soon puts together a diverse team. Hondo's team is victorious. T. T. On the way home to L. "Mount up!". with Street emerging the eventual victor when he kicks Gamble under the wheels of a passing train. and despite the team being two officers down and off shift for the past twelve hours.J. Deacon Kaye (LL Cool J).A. McCabe (Josh Charles).A. It was directed by Clark Johnson and stars Samuel L. and Michael Boxer (Brian Van Holt). The police next send out a large convoy. which gang members attack. is an 2003 action thriller film produced by Neal H.D. The Chief of Police calls on Sergeant Daniel "Hondo" Harrelson (Samuel L. Gamble quits following arguments with Fuller and Street. this was loosely based on the 1997 North Hollywood shootout. the commander of LAPD's Metropolitan Division.W.T.P. Officer Jim Street (Colin Farrell). Plot The film begins with a hostage situation in Los Angeles. including himself. makes plans to transfer Montel into federal custody. Meanwhile. 2003.000. Hondo's SWAT team foils the assault. dressed as LAPD officers. kills himself rather than be captured. has been plotting with Gamble. Uniformed L. Hondo is transferred in. and Sanchez decide to help anyway.U. Kaye.: Fire Fight S. producer of The Fast and the Furious & xXx.725.T. They plan to fly him away. Hondo and the rest give chase. As Montel is being brought into the police station in front of a group of reporters. T.''S.D. a drug lord by the name of Alexander Montel (Olivier Martinez) has killed his father and uncle for control of the family's crime empire. a report of holdup in progress comes over the police radio.J. "I will give 100 million dollars to whoever gets me out of here!" The L. assault the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department bus transporting Montel in an attempt to free him. Hondo. and there is a final fierce battle. LL Cool J and Michelle Rodriguez. It was released in the United States on August 8. and the two succeed in taking Montel from the other officers. Jackson) to help re-organize the SWAT division. Chris Sánchez (Michelle Rodriguez). Street. he yells to the TV cameras.V. Moritz.A.000 $207.s (4 wheel drives). Gamble's group against the SWAT officers.W. and learn through Interpol he is an international fugitive.A. a former Navy SEAL and hot-shot cop from the Los Angeles Police Department and his SWAT team are sent to stop a gang of robbers who have taken over a bank. The team trains together and develops bonds of friendship. However. But as Montel is transferred to prison.

A.W. • Ken Davitian as Martìn Gascoigne. but after an incident with his partner he is removed from the team and placed in the "gun cage. is Commander of Metropolitan Division (Home of the LAPD SWAT) D Platoon. • LL Cool J as Police Officer Third Grade Deacon "Deke" Kaye. is field commander of D Platoon (SWAT) and one of Hondo's old friends. In the SWAT team." After Hondo sees how well he can shoot.A. Roger Mitchell as Agent Kirkland • Jay Acovone as Lear Jet Pilot • Mario Aguilar Jr. is a French criminal. • Olivier Martinez as Alexander "Alex" Montel. Hondo persuades him to allow her to be on his team. His sister was involved with Street and broke up with him after he was transferred to the gun cage. • Lindsey Ginter as Agent Hauser • Lucinda Jenney as Kathy • E. He is a former Navy SEAL and uses an M4A1 and a Kimber Custom TLE II pistol on SWAT missions. most SWAT officers hate him. • Josh Charles as Police Officer Third Grade T. who heads another SWAT element. • Jeremy Renner as former Police Officer Third Grade Brian Gamble. and serves as the rear-guard of the team. Street's former partner. McCabe. he is recruited for Hondo's new SWAT team. in Downtown LA. • Larry Poindexter as Captain Thomas Fuller. He is a retired Recon Marine. as Beat-up Latino Thug • Peter Allas as Bistro Gangster #1 • Frankie J. He is brought back by the Chief of Police to head a new SWAT Element.T. Cathey as Lieutenant Second Grade Greg Velasquez. • Brian Van Holt as Police Officer Third Grade Michael Boxer is a SWAT officer who has worked with Hondo before. he is armed with a Benelli M3 Super 90 shotgun and later Hondo's MP5. He quit the L. His family controls a huge drug empire which values into the billions. is a French L. Allison as Robber #2 • Michael Baker as Range Official • Dianne Barone as Newscaster #1 • Bridget Powers as Herself • Joe Bucaro III as Robber #3 • Brad Crosby as Lee • Ken Davitian as Uncle Martin Gascoigne • Reed Diamond as Officer David Burress . • Page Kennedy as Travis • Domenick Lombardozzi as GQ • James DuMont as Gus • Denis Arndt as Sergeant Howard. His call sign is 70 David. • Reg E.A. is a member of SWAT who initially has problems with Street.J. was a frequent applicant to SWAT.D.P. is a Patrol officer and father of two children whom Hondo also recruits. He is originally assigned to SWAT. • Colin Farrell as Police Officer Third Grade Jim Street. She has a daughter named Eliza. He personally upgraded the trigger of the M4A1 that he uses. (film)'' 216 Cast • Samuel L. Gascoigne operates from the Figaro Cafè. He is armed with a M4A1. His call sign is R-commander. She carries an MP5 on SWAT calls.-based drug trafficker who is Montel's uncle. who was rejected each time due to the captain's sexism. Jackson as Sergeant Second Grade Daniel "Hondo" Harrelson.''S. His call sign is 10-David. Her callsign is 73-David. • Michelle Rodriguez as Police Officer Third Grade Chris Sánchez. after being demoted. He uses both an M4A1 and MP5A2.

Grant Albrecht as Desk Sergeant Frank Alvarez as Gangster Watching TV Don "Magic" Juan as himself 217 . as Deacon Kaye's uncle Audra Platz as Dispatcher #2 Stephen Ramsey as Lear Jet Co-Pilot Ken Rudulph as Reporter Heather Salmon as Wounded Bank Teller Ashley Scott as Lara Gregory Sporleder as Robber #1 Richard Steinmetz as SWAT Negotiator David St. David "Deacon" Kay from TV series. He uses a Remington Model 700 PSS as his weapon. Moritz as Luxury Car Driver Devika Parikh as Jail Intake Reporter Rod Perry.T. as SWAT Truck Driver María Gálvez as Latino Woman Willie Gault as Newscaster #2 Sheri Goldner as Dispatcher #1 Bruce Gray as Mr. (film)'' • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Martin Dorsla as Hip Cop Steve Forrest. Sgt. Segerstrom Andy Umberger as Deputy Chief Nick Vachon as Agusta Pilot #1 Jeff Wincott as Ed Taylor Philip Akin as Hijacked Passenger J. Richard Segerstrom Michael Guarnera as Paramedic Noel Gugliemi as Latino Thug Steven Hack as Motorcycle Cop Daniel Ichikawa as Sergeant Yamoto.W.A. Daniel "Hondo" Harrelson in the TV series. heads SWAT's sniper element.''S. who originated the role of Lt. Clark Johnson as Deke's Handsome Partner Tricia Kelly as Waitress at Pub Jenya Lano as Monique Brian Leckner as Cashier Iris Little Thomas as Bank Supervisor Ricki Lopez as Agusta Pilot #2 Elio Lupi as Hot Dog Vendor Alexander Lyras as Bistro Gangster #2 Larry McCormick as himself Jay Montalvo as Spanish Newscaster Neal H. James as Polish Hostage Arlow Stewart as Homeboy Shannon Sturges as Mrs.

transport driver. Differences from TV series In the original TV series. The movie also changes the S. suntimes.A. Retrieved April 23.W.T. 2. 2006. he always worked for the team. McCabe is one of the antagonists.sonypictures. He complemented the characters.T. (film)'' 218 Reception Reception for the movie was mixed. T. (http://www.W.com/m/swat/) at Rotten Tomatoes .allmovie.T. 3. based on 160 critical reviews.T.a.W. com/ m/ swat/ ) [3] http:/ / rogerebert. team in several important ways: 1.A.A.imdb. rottentomatoes. com/ apps/ pbcs.A.Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www./) S.A. In the movie there is a female member of the team.W. as well as a thumbs up on At the Movies (1982–1990 TV series).T. dll/ article?AID=/ 20030808/ REVIEWS/ 308080304/ 1023 External links • • • • Official website (http://http://www. [2] S. The TV series had only five members on the team.com. whereas in the movie he is at the same level as the others. References [1] "S. and the action sequences which he found believable. whereas the movie introduced a sixth.T. with a 48% "rotten" rating on the movie reviews website Rotten Tomatoes. dialogue.W. 4.com/work/282770) at Allmovie S. whereas in the TV series.[2] Film critic Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave S.W. Pictures .W.T.w. [3] Soundtrack Elliot Goldenthal composed the movie's soundtrack. (2003)" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.T. Deke is second-in-command to Hondo.W. Movie Reviews. in the TV series it was an all-male team. htm). boxofficemojo. .rottentomatoes. In the TV series.T.A. Boxer was not in the TV series and the movie left out Luca.com/homevideo/s. the role of Hondo was played by white actor Steve Forrest. (http://www. Sánchez. (http://www.A.A. a favorable rating of 3/4 stars.''S.com/title/tt0257076/) at the Internet Movie Database S. com/ movies/ ?id=swat.A.W.J. who made a cameo appearance at the end of the movie as the S.t.

Phoenix Pictures Intermedia Films Columbia Pictures March 28. 2003 98 minutes English ~ US$50.''Basic (film)'' 219 Basic (film) Basic Basic film poster Directed by Produced by John McTiernan Mike Medavoy Michael Tadross Dror Soref James Vanderbilt James Vanderbilt John Travolta. . Samuel L. Connie Nielsen. Timothy Daly Klaus Badelt Steve Mason George Folsey Jr.000 Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Basic is a 2003 thriller film directed by John McTiernan.000. Jackson.

Hardy revealed to Dunbar that he served under West when he was a Ranger. One trainee in Dunbar's unit. an ex-Ranger is now a DEA agent who is presently under investigation for suspicion of bribery. the team decided to turn Pike in when they would be picked up the next morning. an old friend. Kendall. Hardy. are presumed dead. Hardy and Osborne. but later spotted Pike whispering to Dunbar. This soldier. When asked why Dunbar would go through all the trouble of carrying him out of the firefight. Dunbar then went back to his bag. it is suggested that Pike had enough motive to murder him. In the middle of the night. The rest of the team. Kendall also claims that West silently threatened his life in the helicopter. off-again lover. Pike proposed they kill Mueller and Nunez and convince Dunbar and Castro to back them up. and caused Mueller to shoot Castro. Nunez and Pike were killed and Kendall was wounded. and claims that West hated him because of it. thinking that his comrades would go along with it. Noticeably spooked upon seeing the "8". exchanged fire with Mueller. Seventeen hours later. extracted his pistol and aimed it at the sleeping Mueller. Second Lieutenant Levi Kendall. Dunbar refuses to say anything more. Dunbar then carried the wounded Kendall on his back through the jungle. then rendezvous at a small bunker. earned West's wrath more than any other. initially wary of each other. are forced to work together during the 6 hours they are given before the CID transportation from Washington will arrive to take Dunbar and Kendall away to initiate an investigation. On board is a team of Army Ranger trainees and their instructor. a soldier named Pike. someone from outside the base. and that Pike confessed to the crime. tough-as-nails sergeant. After Castro was hit. later identified as Mueller. Kendall and Pike. Dunbar is given a pad of paper and pen and he writes that he will only speak to a fellow Ranger. Kendall's Story Hardy and Osborne then go see the other surviving team member.''Basic (film)'' 220 Plot A helicopter circles over the Panamanian jungle. Jackson). Second Lieutenant Levi Kendall. base commander. Since he seemed to have plenty of reason to hate West. shortly before the mission began. and also Osborne's on-again. on his back. calls in an experienced interrogator and friend. Their objective is to move through the jungle while a hurricane rages above. using live fire to hit pop-up metal targets. as seen in the beginning of the movie. Kendall suggested that perhaps Dunbar expected him to cover for him in gratitude. the mission has gone horribly wrong. Hardy runs into Dr. Another soldier then walks out of the jungle and started shooting at Dunbar. Pike was selected for the Panama training mission along with Dunbar. Captain Julia Osborne (Connie Nielsen) makes little headway with Dunbar. and was picked up. Dunbar mentioned that West is infamous for being a ruthless. a Ranger (eventually identified as Ray Dunbar). Mueller and two other soldiers. emerges from the jungle carrying one of his wounded comrades. At this point. At the hospital. In an interrogation room back on base. Kendall was partnered with Castro for the mission and he says he feared that West may have bribed Castro to give him a "training accident". Master Sergeant Nathan West (Samuel L. Styles wants the investigation kept quiet. Tom Hardy (John Travolta). who refuses to talk. is killed in self-defense by Dunbar. who is recovering from gunshot wounds sustained during the mission. Colonel Bill Styles (Timothy Daly). Nuñez and Castro.). Apparently. Kendall reveals to Hardy and Osborne that he is a homosexual. According to Kendall. It is revealed that Kendall is the son of a Joint Chiefs of Staff general. Dunbar's Story During the interrogation. However. Kendall dismissed Pike's suggestion then went back to his sleeping area. Peter Vilmer (Harry Connick Jr. he fired frantically striking Nunez. Pike tried to rouse Kendall's sympathies by playing to their mutual hatred of West. . Kendall claims that West was killed by being hit in the back with a white phosphorus grenade. and West. Kendall intervened. and draws an "8" inside a circle on the piece of paper.

Hardy grabs Pike and holds his face dangerously close to the plane's whirling propeller.S. Dunbar claims that Mueller then used Pike's grenade. Hardy corrects him. However. which he had stolen from his pack earlier. he takes her aside and explains the conversation he had earlier with Styles. although what they say is inaudible. Kendall said earlier that West was killed with a phosphorus grenade. but Vilmer says that's not right. trained under West. They call themselves Section 8. Kendall never said anything about West being shot. right before Kendall dies he uses his blood soaked finger to draw what Osborne initially interprets as the symbol for infinity. who turned rogue and became drug-dealers. Pike had switched his tags with Dunbar's in order to throw off the local authorities. out of breath. He relieves Osborne of duty and asks Hardy to leave. After-wards. Back at the bunker. says that Kendall is lying and proclaims that he didn't shoot West.''Basic (film)'' 221 Dunbar's Second Story Dunbar. He informs them that Dunbar and Vilmer will be taken away shortly on the transport plane that has arrived from the U. but when Pike began pointing out evidence that threw suspicion on Mueller. then disappear after being transported for trial. There is rumored to be a group of ex-Rangers in Panama. Dunbar provides proof of the alleged drug-dealing operation. However. Vilmer remarks to Hardy and Osborne in an offhand manner that he will be on the same plane with Pike. but shortly after. killed Mueller and was picked up by the helicopter. Vilmer admits that he distributed drugs to Mueller and Kendall and that he falsified drug tests so that the soldiers would come up clean. she realizes it is an 8. She shows this to Hardy. . Hardy and Osborne rush back to the base just as Pike is being taken onto a transport plane. Vilmer. This means that the white "Dunbar" Hardy and Osborne have been questioning is in fact Pike. Hardy and Osborne then go to confront Kendall. Styles is furious that Osborne and Hardy talked to Kendall a second time after he explicitly ordered them not to. Dunbar rescued Kendall. Hardy notices that Kendall is bleeding out of his ears. Vilmer is subsequently placed under arrest. He also says that it was Vilmer who supplied the drugs to Mueller and Kendall. At the stockade. who first denies knowing what the 8 may symbolize. However he still claimed that Dunbar was the guilty party. After a short interrogation. Kendall starts vomiting blood and then abruptly dies. A firefight broke out in the bunker and Castro and Nunez were killed. After a brief physical fight. upon further questioning. during which Osborne breaks his nose with a phone book. Kendall's Second Story When Osborne and Hardy return to the hospital. who is acting very strangely and refuses to give them any useful information. Dunbar also claims that Mueller and Kendall were selling prescription drug injection kits called "combat cocktails" which help dull physical pain and sharpen the mind. Hardy and Osborne lead Pike away to interrogate him again now that they know the truth. and that Mueller shot West because he was aware of their drug dealing. the man whom West antagonized during training (according to his own story). At Hardy's request. a fierce argument began and Mueller shot Pike in the head. saying that he'll be on the same plane as Dunbar. Mueller tried to pin the blame on Pike. After a few minutes. Pike then drops to his knees. and he considers the investigation closed. they speak briefly with Dr. Suddenly. The two engage in a brief screaming match. He says Ray Dunbar is black. hiked through the jungle.

Pike claimed West knew about the main operation going on at the base. and tries to convince Pike to give himself up. She becomes confused when West. wounding him. Hardy says he will consider and turns to leave. Osborne sneaks up behind Hardy and Pike. Styles draws his weapon and was about to shoot Hardy. West and Hardy then offer Osborne a job. She follows them by car and then by foot through the streets of Panama City and watches as the two of them enter a doorway with a big eight ball hanging above it. walks up behind her. but instead was shot and killed by Osborne who had been secretly watching outside his office.''Basic (film)'' 222 Pike's Final Explanation In Pike's new story. He claims West confronted the Rangers in the bunker and told them that he would turn them in to authorities in the morning and tell Styles everything. Final twist and explanation After the Military Police wrap up the investigation into Styles' shooting. Styles laughs off the accusations. A brief Mexican standoff ensues and West escapes the bunker. took Dunbar's dog tags. and Hardy went to the base to confirm Styles' and Vilmer's involvement. The training mission was in fact a set-up to get rid of Mueller and Kendall. and fake West's death (in order for him to join Section 8). Shortly after Castro and Mueller go looking for West. but as Hardy starts to leave Styles offers him a percentage of the operation. She tails him out of the base and watches as Pike runs out from some bushes and into Hardy's jeep. Nuñez and Pike (their names are revealed to be fake) infiltrated the base to investigate the cocaine trafficking that was going on. he says that he is curious why West wouldn't tell Styles about the drugs as soon as he suspected something. West shoots Kendall. very much alive. Hardy then talks to Styles alone. They reveal to Osbourne that Section 8 is actually a black-ops anti-drug unit led by Tom Hardy (who is actually a Colonel). believing that they are behind both Section 8 and West's murder. The mercenary story is a cover to spook the cartels. carried Kendall through the jungle. killed Mueller and was picked up by the helicopter. and discovered Mueller. the number of a crate where Vilmer had stowed cocaine. with her weapon drawn. knowing that he would be blamed if West died. It is still thoroughly established that he managed to escape. Styles responded by ordering Mueller and Kendall to kill West. cocaine smuggling. To prove his story. Kendall and Vilmer were responsible. informed him of their findings. Hardy then accuses Styles of lying and he believes West did in fact go to him. and gets shot by West. Dunbar and Nuñez are also there. particularly in describing how members of the conspiracy planned to cover up West's death. West was not shot. Mueller manages to kill West. Osborne and Styles. This makes Osborne suspect Hardy may be somehow involved. he gives Hardy. and he was behind the drug dealing operation the whole time. not realizing that Styles was also involved. West. and then. Dunbar. especially since he hated West and because Section 8 contains West's former trainees. Pike finds Dunbar dead. Castro. Rather than side with West. Nuñez chases after him. he ordered Mueller and Kendall to kill him and then poisoned Kendall afterward to keep him quiet. once he's back in business to keep his mouth shut. Pike shoots at Mueller. Castro. Osborne is about to leave the base for the night and Hardy tells her that all she has to do concerning the shooting is "Tell the story right". . Osborne recalls hearing that phrase during both Kendall and Pike's stories.

when a movie's not worth seeing twice. and that "If I were to see it again and again. This term is not used by the members of any of the US armed forces.793. Members of the United States Army use the term "hooah" as a general term of understanding or acknowledgment. as Dr. but the problem is. 5. Most reviews criticize the film. Among these are: 1. Sergeant West asks the members of his platoon to give him a "hoo-ha". In all of the jungle scenes the characters are wearing berets. I might be able to extract an underlying logic from it. West is shown wearing a black beret. however personnel assigned to the Ranger Training Brigade wear the tan beret. The character of Sergeant West is identified as Master Sergeant (E-8) but in the scene where he is yelling at the group of trainees he is wearing the insignia of a Specialist (E-4). 6.''Basic (film)'' 223 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • John Travolta as Colonel Tom Hardy Connie Nielsen as Captain Julia Osborne Samuel L. Reviews were mostly negative. . Roger Ebert gave it one star out of four and wrote that it was "not a film that could be understood". it had better get the job done the first time through". West is referred to as a "Black Hat" which is the title for instructors in the Army's Airborne School. 2.[3] Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide gave it two stars out of four and wrote that the film "keeps adding layers of confusion so that it becomes less interesting as it goes along! The final "twist" seems to negate the entire story. 3. Cadre in Ranger School are simply referred to as an "RI". Peter Vilmer Reception The movie grossed $26. The film received a rating of 21% "fresh" (positive) reviews from the US's top critics on Rotten Tomatoes[2] . Jackson as Master Sergeant Nathan West Timothy Daly as Colonel Bill Styles Giovanni Ribisi as Second Lieutenant Levi Kendall Brian Van Holt as Ray Dunbar Taye Diggs as Jay Pike Dash Mihok as Mueller Cristián de la Fuente as Castro Roselyn Sánchez as Nuñez Harry Connick. The beret is only worn while in garrison and would not be worn by personnel in a field/training exercise. 4. like a bad shaggy-dog joke.311 in the US[1] ."[4] Inaccuracies The film contains a large number of military related inaccuracies. Nuñez's presence in the movie is inaccurate as the career path of Ranger is only open to male soldiers. Jr.

rottentomatoes. 90 External links • • • • Official site (http://www.''Basic (film)'' 224 References [1] [2] [3] [4] Basic (http:/ / boxofficemojo. 2007. ISBN 9780451221865. New York: Signet.boxofficemojo. suntimes.imdb.com/title/tt0264395/) at the Internet Movie Database Basic (http://www.com/movies/basic/) Basic (http://www. p.com Leonard Maltin's 2008 Movie Guide.sonypictures. htm) Box Office Mojo Basic (http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. com/ movies/ ?id=basic. com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ m/ basic/ ) Rotten Tomatoes Basic (http:/ / rogerebert. dll/ article?AID=/ 20030328/ REVIEWS/ 303280301/ 1023) rogerebert.com/movies/?id=basic.com/m/basic/) at Rotten Tomatoes Basic (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo .

Jackson Robert Carlyle Emily Mortimer Meat Loaf Momentum Pictures (UK) Screen Gems (US) Alliance Atlantis (Canada) Paramount Pictures (Australia) December 7. Most of the filming was done on location in Liverpool. Meat Loaf and Robert Fyfe. The film was directed by Ronny Yu. Jason and Bride of Chucky. but gangsters are out to kill him. Emily Mortimer. He wants to make a deal and retire to play golf. Ricky Tomlinson.000. He is on the run and heads to the United Kingdom in the hope of finding a buyer for the designer drug: POS 51. Robert Carlyle. An American chemist has designed a new recreational drug.''The 51st State'' 225 The 51st State The 51st State Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Ronny Yu David Pupkewitz Malcolm Kohll Andras Hamori Mark Aldridge Stel Pavlou Samuel L. perhaps best known for Freddy vs. This film was the first script from writer British screenwriter Stel Pavlou. Sean Pertwee. written by Stel Pavlou.000 $14. . Rhys Ifans.439. (UK)[4] directed by Ronny Yu. Jackson. 2001 92 minutes English $27.698 [1] [2] [2] Written by Starring Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue The 51st State (also known as Formula 51) is a 2001 British film[3] produced by Focus Films Ltd. starring Samuel L.

suspending her over the edge of the roof. one blue and one red. They are followed by the skinheads. Unfortunately. While they are partying. promising him his formula for £20 million. McElroy starts to leave as this is 18 million short of the agreed payment. McElroy and DeSouza make their way to a chemist (drug store) to get the ingredients for POS 51. claiming that his product. opiates. McElroy asks DeSouza to contact the next drug lord in town who is a gun dealing. is pulled over by a patrolman and caught smoking marijuana. Kane returns to the crime scene and strings up Durant on the bottom of a large cargo container. Escaping with McElroy. She captures McElroy and attempts to leave with him via the roof and the escape ladder.000 bonus to complete the hit on McElroy. At the meeting. amphetamines and cocaine. who is also a drug distributor. where McElroy initiates his deal with the raver king and delivers the drug to the waiting crowd. in the film's early scenes. rather than being lowered slowly. The two visit Iki's rave club.''The 51st State'' 226 Plot It's 1971: Elmo McElroy (Samuel L. killed the only witness against him. McElroy and DeSouza leave after throwing some rolls of toilet paper to the screaming skinheads. McElroy drops. A second opinion from a local chemist confirms this and Durant gives him a million dollars plus in bonds. The lab turns out to be an Animal Testing Facility that the skinheads have broken into. He claims that the red pill is the stronger version. McElroy makes short work of them with his golf clubs. as the skinheads claim they have a lab to produce the drug. As McElroy and DeSouza leave the hotel. Instead of killing McElroy. She refuses. The deal goes awry when McElroy. At this point it becomes obvious that Kane isn't entirely clean: he demands 50 percent of Durant's deal with McElroy. now his main concern is keeping McElroy alive until he can get the formula. About to pull the trigger. They escape. which should take effect any moment. He is soon lured into a game of chicken by McElroy. an ex-hitman who has been sent by his boss Leopold Durant (Ricky Tomlinson). . he contacts Dakota (Emily Mortimer). but he offers to `clear her slate` of gambling debts and offers her a $250. Meanwhile in a room across the street Dakota is watching through a rifle scope waiting for her chance to kill McElroy. It seems that she and DeSouza have a history. she is to kill anyone who is meeting with him. DeSouza is shot in the rear on purpose by Dakota who remarks "that's for getting in the way". is 51 times as potent as ecstacy. POS 51. Detective Virgil Kane (Sean Pertwee) arrives on the scene and gives chase. McElroy makes his pitch. Dakota appears. McElroy isn't that dismayed at being captured. Fast forward to the present day: a drug lord called the Lizard (Meat Loaf) calls a meeting with his organization. Having no choice. One of the drug's defining attributes is that it can be made with over-the-counter products. His arrest and conviction prevents his employment as a pharmacologist. crushing and killing Durant in the process. writhing and crapping themselves on the floor. a miscommunication leads to the cargo container being dropped. who are also out to get the drug. twists and grabs her. head of a local criminal organization. a synthetic drug that can be produced with minimal facilities. McElroy makes two batches of the drug. blows up the building. a contract killer who has just. hoping to sell a brand new substance invented by McElroy. club owner named Iki (Rhys Ifans). She switches rifles to an automatic weapon and kills everyone in the room except DeSouza and McElroy. The distribution is interrupted by Kane and a police raid. waiting for the effect of the drug. McElroy heads for Liverpool where he has a deal arranged. and it is revealed that her real name is Dawn and that she and DeSouza were romantically involved. the skinheads try it. she strikes a deal with him. who are armed this time. Revenge very much on his mind. in the next room McElroy spits out his red pill. killing everyone except the Lizard who falls through the floor. the Lizard calls. At the airport he is met by Felix DeSouza (Robert Carlyle). to chase down and kill McElroy. Jackson). the two are attacked by a gang of skinheads. fresh from graduating college with a degree in pharmacology. and after he takes one. but Felix keeps getting in the way. in a bid to escape from the Lizard's control. He relates to DeSouza that its primary effect is that of a powerful laxative. who escapes. none of which yet appear on any government's banned substance list. in exchange for two football tickets to the Liverpool versus Manchester United game.

Saying you haven't seen anything yet. making it the "most expensive candy" in the world. McElroy tells his caddie (a servant?) that the castle belonged to his ancestor's slave master and now it belongs to him. Davidson • Aaron Swartz as Mr. Highway Patrol • Robert Jezek as Priest • Meat Loaf as The Lizard • Jake Abraham as Konokko • Michael Starke as Arthur. The venue is the Liverpool vs. Jones • Michael J. to say the least. this is the same chemical McElroy used in his earlier attempt to leave his employment with the Lizard. they contact Iki.''The 51st State'' Meanwhile. a policeman • Mac McDonald as Mr. McElroy and Dawn take cover behind it. The dirty cop wants in on their deal with Iki or he will get DeSouza on charges of possession of a firearm. Escobar • Sonny Muslim as Boy in Plane • Barbara Barnes as Boy's Mother • Junix Inocian as Mr. the naked McElroy walks away to the castle . half conscious on the floor. being interviewed by Kane. letting Kane know. The Lizard celebrates with a drink."Elmo's in the house!" 227 Cast • Samuel L. Ho-Fat • Paul Barber as Frederick • Emily Mortimer as Dakota Parker [5] Alternate poster and title for the movie The Fifty First State . Meeting back up with McElroy and Dawn. ingested by the Lizard. Always kill you in the end.it's a placebo and the ingredients cancel each other out. McElroy tells the Lizard that POS stands for Power of Suggestion. The castle is the home of the McElroy clan. who kills Iki and demands the formula to POS 51. Then the credits are interrupted. Reynolds as Mr. Having made their escape the three divide the money. as the film ends and credits start to roll. Cheshire) seen on the card pinned to the Lizards lab wall in the beginning of the film (the same card with the formula burned by McElroy in the skybox). This time the deal is interrupted by the Lizard. McElroy is playing golf in front of the castle (filmed at Cholmondeley. just as McElroy's cocktail. The cocktail contains a chemical that becomes explosive when it reaches a certain temperature. Manchester United game. Jackson as Elmo McElroy • Robert Carlyle as Felix DeSouza • Nigel Whitmey as L. "Drugs. takes effect. Indeed. in a private viewing box. DeSouza is in police custody. as McElroy says. covered in bloody bits of the Lizard.A. Yuri • David Webber as Mr." Police arrive and arrest Kane who is lying. Kane interrupts the moment. We are told that Dawn and DeSouza settled down together. as McElroy reveals the true nature of the drug . All that can be said for the ensuing literal bloodbath is. as we see a putt fall in the hole. Pulling an umbrella from McElroy's golf bag. He arranges the time and the place. DeSouza.

[10] "Soundtracks for The 51st State" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-10-04. dailymail. calendarlive. imdb. .''The 51st State'' 228 Casting The DVD commentary reveals that the script was originally written with Laurence Fishburne in mind. imdb. uk/ film/ 2001/ dec/ 02/ features. "Woman on the verge" (http:/ / www. Nelly. Retrieved 2010-10-04. fifty-one times more explosive than ecstasy."[3] Reception Critical response The film received a rating of 26% based on 101 reviews on Rotten Tomatoes.metacritic. the film was renamed Formula 51.allmovie. Release For its US release.com/title/tt0227984/) at the Internet Movie Database Formula 51 (http://www. uk/ tvshowbiz/ article-89169/ The-51st-State-Cert-18. magazine). [9] "Formula 51" (http:/ / rogerebert. story). . com/ title/ tt0227984/ soundtrack). fifty-one times more hallucinogenic than acid. and Stephen Day. .boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=formula51. Retrieved 2010-10-04.com/m/formula_51/) at Rotten Tomatoes . co.0. Daily Mail. . "Formula 51" (http:/ / www. . com/ apps/ pbcs. Formula 51 (http:/ / www. The 51st State (http:/ / www.Box Office Data" (http:/ / www. .com/film/titles/formula51) at Metacritic Formula 51 (http://www.com. boxofficemojo. . co. The Los Angeles Times. imdb.[6] [7] [8] [9] Box office The film earned almost $15 million worldwide against a budget of $27 million.rottentomatoes.com/movies/formula51/) Formula 51 (http://www. Amazon. the-numbers. suntimes. Retrieved 2010-10-04. guardian. Chicago Sun Times.sonypictures.imdb. which the film centres around — that is apparently "fifty-one times more powerful than cocaine.[10] References "Formula 51 . rottentomatoes. Guardian. Jackson became a star. dll/ article?AID=/ 20021018/ REVIEWS/ 210180304). com/ title/ tt0227984/ ) at the Internet Movie Database "Focus Film UK" (http:/ / www. Run DMC. com/ movies/ ?id=formula51. htm). IMDB. Both names reference the drug — POS 51. [8] "Formula 51" (http:/ / www. com/ m/ formula_51/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes "The 51st State" (http:/ / www.7664436. html).htm) at Box Office Mojo The 51st State (http://www. sometime before Samuel L. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] External links • • • • • • Official website (http://http://www. .[1] [2] Soundtrack The soundtrack featured popular artists such as PJ Harvey. com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-et-capsules18oct18. com/ company/ co0137973/ ).com/work/259134) at Allmovie Formula 51 (http://www. php). com/ movies/ 2002/ FOR51.

Jackson William Hope Music by Randy Edelman Cinematography Dean Semler Editing by • • • • • Chris Lebenzon Joel Negron Paul Rubell Revolution Studios Original Film Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Followed by Columbia Pictures August 9. Moritz Rich Wilkes • • • • • Vin Diesel Asia Argento Marton Csokas Samuel L.448. a thrill seeking extreme sports enthusiast. stuntman and rebellious anarchist turned reluctant spy for the National Security . pronounced "Triple X".''xXx'' 229 xXx xXx Film poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Rob Cohen Neal H.382 xXx: State of the Union xXx. 2002 124 minutes United States English $70 million $277. is a 2002 action film starring Vin Diesel in the lead role as Xander Cage.

and indeed all political ideologies. planning a series of chemical weapons attacks on major world cities by utilizing a high speed automated sea-faring and river-faring drone named Ahab. Gibbons informs him that the whole scenario was part of a test and that he passed. The film received mixed reviews but was a financial success for the studios. Leila Arcieri. After crashing California senator Dick Hotchkiss' Corvette. Cage later wakes up in the payload of a U. Cage wakes up in a diner. which Yorgi and . he is captured by camouflaged NSA agents. Silent Night is made of everyday chemicals that in combination are lethal. Xander finds himself drawn to Yorgi's apparent girlfriend Yelena (Asia Argento). Gibbons arrives and mentions that exposing the Colombian drug cartel was another part of the test. He grudgingly chooses government employment. The next morning. are dumped in Colombia and taken captive by a Colombian drug cartel after stumbling upon a cocaine plantation. along with the others. Xander Cage. The plane's cargo door opens.Xander having exposed him as a spy during the initial infiltration attempt and subsequently shooting him with fake bullets to gain Yorgi's trust . is a law-breaking extreme sports enthusiast. both left wing and right wing. and he negotiates a political asylum deal with Gibbons to save and secure a new life for her in America. As Cage attempts to escape. After Cage quickly foils the "robbery". After killing millions the chemicals are designed to harmlessly disperse in water. Xander arranges an operation with the Czech special forces to raid the remote castle. (Vin Diesel). Gibbons feels that a more brutal style of agent is called for in this instance to escape detection. NSA operative Augustus Gibbons (Samuel L. Jackson. in response to the senator championing a cause to ban all controversial video games and music. jokingly refuse to cooperate. xXx also stars Samuel L. However. Yorgi's ultimate aim is cause chaos and lawlessness across the entire world. with Yelena acting as a double agent. believing the scene to be another NSA setup. The chemical weapon is referred to as "Silent Night". Marton Csokas. with a propensity for rebellious behavior. learns that Ahab is equipped with a device designed to travel to highly populated areas where it can deploy its biological missiles and continue on its world-ending journey by submerging in the ocean. bringing civilization to an anarchic end and destroying the system that killed so many of Anarchy 99's old military comrades for no reason. William Hope. a Russian ex-soldier who has a grudge against authority and society in general. 230 Plot An NSA agent on a mission infiltrates a concert where Rammstein is performing only to be killed by Anarchy 99. he notices things are out of place and is not surprised during a fake robbery attempt. and the formula has been missing since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Cage tells Gibbons that he's not interested in this "test" and is once again tranquilized as he attempts to leave. finds Xander's methods so extreme . Xander is then given a choice by Gibbons: work for him or serve a lengthy prison term for his misdeeds. Asia Argento. but she reveals that she is an abandoned agent of the Russian intelligence agency. and Cage. Xander.382 worldwide. and Yelena is forced to kill him. As he groggily tries to familiarize himself with his surroundings. An agent-turned-criminal Milan Sova (Richy Müller). Fitting righĀt into the dark yet lavish and tempting underworld inhabited by the group. since conventional NSA agents are too obvious to the ex-military Anarchy 99. grossing US$277. a rebellious Eastern European underground group.that he defects in support of Yorgi.448. the cartel leader (Danny Trejo) arrives and attempts to interrogate the three who. Michael Roof. Cage's hideout is raided during a party by a SWAT Team and he is tranquilized. Marines C-123 cargo plane along with two other criminal types similar to Cage.S. Anarchy 99 turns out to be a terrorist faction.''xXx'' Agency who is sent on a dangerous mission to infiltrate a group of potential terrorists in Eastern Europe. As the drug lord begins to use torture tactics. xXx goes undercover in the Czech Republic in order to find out more about "Anarchy 99" and in particular their leader Yorgi (Marton Csokas). After losing the third agent assigned to the mission. Tom Everett and Danny Trejo. Cage realizes that this scenario is real and frees himself and the others as the Colombian Army raid the plantation. Jackson) gets the OK to run a project to find the right person to infiltrate Anarchy 99. Later. Then. the Federal Security Bureau. unaware of Yorgi's ultimate plans.

NSA techno-genius and gadget specialist. He uses this fact as leverage to recruit xXx for a mission he knows xXx is the only person with the possibility of succeeding. Yorgi's younger brother • Jan Pavel Filipensky as Viktor. also known by his nickname "triple X". the Associate and Addministrator of the National Security Agency • Marton Csokas as Yorgi. • Richy Müller as Milan Sova.''xXx'' Anarchy 99 have been using as their base and laboratory. Cage ignores this as he and Yelena go for a swim. a member of Anarchy 99. • William Hope as Agent Roger Donnan. the "Gibbons Test". a group of militant anarchists with a disdain for all forms of government and authority. He also says that he needs him for another assignment. He is usually with Yorgi wherever he goes. 231 Cast • Vin Diesel as Xander Cage. he has passed "The Test". which was caused ironically by Kirill's habit of smoking. stuntman and anti-establishment activist. a high ranking official in the National Security Agency who has the power to give xXx a pardon for his crimes. and parasails onto Ahab as it speeds down the Vltava River towards Prague. escape. • Danny Trejo as El Jefe. as "something else has come up". torturer for a Colombian drug cartel • Thomas Ian Griffith as Agent Jim McGrath • Eve as J.infiltrating Anarchy 99-. capital of the Czech Republic. Yorgi is also the leader of Anarchy 99. She was originally an Russian intelligence agent. • Leila Arcieri as Jordan King • Rammstein as themselves . with a population of well over a million. he speeds along winding roads in a previously acquired Pontiac GTO. "Welcome To The Xander Zone!" The film ends with Xander on vacation with Yelena in Bora Bora as agent Gibbons jokingly informs him that because of his actions. Xander finally destroys the drone and the chemicals onboard as he quips. After Xander shoots and kills Yorgi. the agency requiring an agent who can do the current job without the military professional training that Anarchy 99's background will allow them to recognise. a conservative California State Senator. his car is stolen in xXx prior to his recruitment by the NSA as a protest against some of Hotchkiss's policies. now a wealthy hedonist owning a string of locations around Eastern Europe. including a castle and nightclubs. Soon. and in the chaos Yorgi and Kirill. xXx is also hunted by the authorities and he is offered a deal to become a spy for the National Security Agency in exchange for leniency.J. Yorgi is a former soldier in the army of the Soviet Union. and close friend of Yorgi. a member of Anarchy 99. cigarette addict and rifle sharpshooter • Petr Jákl as Kolya. • Michael Roof as Agent Toby Lee Shavers. Jackson as Augustus Gibbons. Yorgi's apparent girlfriend. Xander and Yelena go after them. Xander is then captured. • Asia Argento as Yelena. His ultimate aim is complete lawlessness across the world. his sniper. blowing up the mansion. a criminal and double agent • Werner Daehn as Kirill. Yelena becomes romantically involved with xXx and he attempts to get her political asylum in the United States for her assistance in bringing down Yorgi. Cage is a thrill seeking American extreme sports enthusiast. • Samuel L. the Czech police arrive. • Tom Everett as Senator Dick Hotchkiss. sent to watch over Yorgi but has since been abandoned by her superiors. Idolized in some sub-cultures. recognising the benefits of xXx's rebellious attitude and unorthodox methods.& Xander kills Kirill using a heat seeking rocket. and society in general.

various personalities make cameo appearances. The final scenes were set in Bora Bora. Also in the party scene. as she is acting as his agent. and director Rob Cohen decided to include the footage of the scene with the final moments edited out — out of respect for the stuntman's final act. Hatebreed and others. O'Connor. although he notes his personal disdain for. Yorgi. The same clip is available. Tahiti. the lead singer of Buckcherry. was killed in an accident during filming. Mike Vallely also makes a cameo as a cameraman and an extra. Czech Republic. It was released on August 6. (near the beginning of the film) and skating over a half-pipe at Xander's place later. and some artists of different genres such as Nelly.he never turns around. Harry L. Pro motocross rider Carey Hart is seen in the back seat of the Cadillac driven by Tony Hawk. These include extreme sport subcultures. Themes Various concepts and themes influenced the production of the film and are alluded to throughout the plot. female rapper Eve is seen talking with him. but his suicide king of hearts tattoo can be seen on his back. but from the band's perspective (with only brief scenes from the film) in their video compilation Lichtspielhaus. a non-alcoholic mix of cranberry juice and club soda.[2] Soundtrack The film featured a contemporary rock music soundtrack. though Cohen denied that this was meant to be a derogatory attack on such films. Also during the party scene Josh Todd. Rammstein provided some of the music and even featured in the film in one scene. anarchism. His death was caught on film. When O'Connor failed to rappel down the line fast enough.D.E. was chosen to contrast against James Bond's fondness for martinis and champagne. He also explained that the antagonist. Drowning Pool. Xander Cage's drink of choice. mostly featuring heavy metal.[1] Production Filming of the movie took place at three locations. in reference to styles of dress typically worn in James Bond films. N. he hit a bridge at high speed and was killed instantly. Diesel's stunt double. California.R. makes a cameo appearance . #16 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums and #1 on the Top Soundtracks. Auburn. The soundtrack album also features Queens of the Stone Age. It peaked at #9 on the Billboard 200. Most of the film is set in Prague. and displays certain misconceptions of. Tony Hawk makes a cameo appearance in the Corvette scene from the bottom of the bridge driving the getaway Cadillac. and was intended to act as a foil to Xander Cage's youthful rebelliousness. The band Rammstein appears near the beginning of the film while the band Orbital appears later on in the film during the night club/rave sequence. 2002 through Universal Records. and rider Matt Hoffman exchanges lines with Xander during the party scene. Orbital and Moby. and a rejection of traditional spy-film clichés. The opening scene of the film was referred to by Cohen as "The Death of The Tuxedo". . The first few minutes of the film take place in a Rammstein concert in Prague.''xXx'' 232 Notable cameos To imply Xander Cage's credibility within extreme sport subcultures. the political philosophy. was designed as a stereotypical anarchist. and other areas in French Polynesia. in a scene in which he was supposed to rappel down a parasailing line and land on a submarine. Lil' Wayne. In a deleted scene when Xander Cage is on a plane one of the other passengers can be clearly heard listening to the first race from Vin Diesel's 2001 film The Fast and the Furious. The Corvette jump was filmed at the Foresthill Bridge in Auburn State Recreation Area.

starring the rapper Ice Cube and directed by Lee Tamahori. . Cohen dropped out again for the second time. for example. ten days before the sequel xXx: State of the Union was released in cinemas. and "now we're writing a script with the guys who wrote Terminator 3 and Terminator Salvation. So we'll do another Xander Cage XXX. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 48% of the critics gave the film positive reviews based on a sample of 174 reviews.[4] Director's cut The Director's Cut DVD of xXx was released on April 19.[9] In April 2010. 2005. one of the villains from the sequel xXx: State of the Union. We'll bring it up to speed a bit and bring back the extreme sports guy who's drafted to be a spy. Some of these include additional scenes that foreshadowed Xander as a hero. SlashFilm announced that Ericson Core will be directing and production will start in early 2010. It also features Leila Arcieri as Jordan King from the first film. and deleted scenes of xXx previously unseen. Colonel Alabama "Bama" Cobb.382 and $135. The Final Chapter: The Death of Xander Cage In addition to the deleted scenes on the Director's Cut of xXx. There were also sneak peeks at the sequel.[3] It was a financial success. Joe Roth is in talks to produce.016. Rob Cohen. Diesel has said that the style and music will also be similar to that of the original film. Rob Cohen.[5] The sequel was also a disastrous financial failure. He was forced out to direct the action film Medieval. entitled xXx: The Return of Xander Cage.8/10.000 with a North American gross of $142. 2009. more of what the fans want.204. and there were notable differences in both style (less emphasis on extreme sports) and music (rock music was replaced with hip hop and rap). Diesel has agreed to return and so has the director of xXx. On August 26.109. Connolly as Lt. xXx: State of the Union currently has a very poor rating of 16% on Rotten Tomatoes. 2009. it was revealed that the third film will be financed by Paramount Pictures instead of Sony. and will also be shot in 3D.''xXx'' 233 Reception xXx received mixed reviews. Sequel The film was followed by a very poorly received sequel in 2005. xXx: The Return of Xander Cage Although the character of Xander Cage was supposedly killed in the sequel to explain his absence.339.[7] According to Cohen. as the man behind the attack on Xander Cage. In the short film Xander Cage is played by Vin Diesel's stunt double Khristian Lupo (who never shows his face or speaks) while reusing some lines spoken by Vin Diesel. which is slated for release in summer 2011. a four minute short film that attempts to tie up some loose ends about the Xander Cage character by showing his supposed gory demise. Neither Vin Diesel. and also a longer stripper-in-the-bedroom sequence. the DVD also contains an extra titled The Final Chapter: The Death of Xander Cage. The Director's Cut of xXx featured new artwork. making less than half of what was expected compared to the original film. with an average score of 5.[6] Although as yet the script is to be completed. nor xXx creator Rich Wilkes were involved in the sequel. making its total worldwide gross $267. entitled xXx: State of the Union. with an emphasis on extreme stunts and with a heavy metal soundtrack.000.000 in other territories. he has also approached Sony. and John G."[8] On June 10. The film's box office surpassed its budget of US$70. the character apparently survived as Vin Diesel has announced that he will be returning as Xander Cage in a second sequel.

com/ articles/ 937/ 937738p1. html) [9] (http:/ / www. [3] "XXX (2002)" (http:/ / www.''xXx'' 234 References [1] Director Rob Cohen makes various comments attesting to themes which played part within the film making process in an audio commentary track for the DVD release. com/ gossip/ Rob-Cohen-Speaks-on-XXX-The-Return-of-Xander-Cage-413126.imdb. Michael (September 14. In an attempt to describe Anarchism for the audience. 2010. 2008).com/title/tt0295701/) at the Internet Movie Database xXx (http://www.allmovie. html?categoryid=1236& cs=1). . Retrieved January 10.com/movies/?id=xxx. [4] "XXX (2002)" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. ign. com/ m/ xxx2_state_of_the_union/ [6] Rob Cohen Speaks on XXX: The Return of Xander Cage (http:/ / celebrifi. . variety. html) [7] Fleming. [8] Cohen Talks XXX3 (http:/ / uk. com/ m/ xxx/ ).org/movie_295701-xXx. . Rob Cohen commented on his decision to include the edited footage of O'Connor's death in the final cut of the film.html) at the Internet Movie Cars Database xXx (http://www. movies.metacritic. [2] On the DVD's director's commentary track. com/ movies/ ?id=xxx. Retrieved January 10.rottentomatoes. rottentomatoes.boxofficemojo. htm).imcdb. 2010.com/m/xxx/) at Rotten Tomatoes • xXx (http://www. "Columbia revs up another 'XXX'" (http:/ / www.com/film/titles/xxx) at Metacritic • xXx (http://www.htm) at Box Office Mojo . com/ article/ VR1117992178. Rotten Tomatoes. com/ 2009/ 08/ 26/ xxx-the-return-of-xander-cage-finds-a-new-director/ ) External links • • • • xXx (http://www. Variety. slashfilm. rottentomatoes. [5] http:/ / www.com/work/260394) at Allmovie xXx (http://www. Box Office Mojo. he misclassified it as a "Russian philosophy." and denounces it.

2002 142 minutes United States English $120 million Worldwide: [1] $649.328 . Jackson Christopher Lee Temuera Morrison Ian McDiarmid John Williams Music by Cinematography David Tattersall Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Ben Burtt Lucasfilm 20th Century Fox May 16.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' 235 Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Theatrical poster Directed by Produced by Screenplay by Story by Starring George Lucas Rick McCallum George Lucas George Lucas Jonathan Hales George Lucas Ewan McGregor Natalie Portman Hayden Christensen Samuel L.398.

20-year-old Jedi apprentice Anakin Skywalker is assigned to protect her. . There he finds her mortally injured by Tusken Raiders. It is the fifth film to be released in the Star Wars saga and the second in terms of internal chronology. the Clone Wars. Italy and Tunisia. using a bounty hunter named Jango Fett as their genetic template. When an assassination attempt is made on Senator Padmé Amidala. Obi-Wan is assigned to investigate the identity of the assassin's killer. who is murdered by her mysterious employer as she is about to reveal vital information. Obi-Wan heads to Kamino.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' Preceded by Followed by Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith 236 Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones is a 2002 American epic space opera film directed by George Lucas and written by Lucas and Jonathan Hales. and she dies in his arms. Soon. prompting Senator Padmé Amidala. Anakin. Released on May 16. Despited mixed to positive reviews from critics. another attempt is made on the Senator's life. who comforts him. thousands of planetary systems threaten to secede from the Galactic Republic. has grown troubled with recurring nightmares about his mother Shmi in grave danger. meanwhile. Padmé. although Padmé resists her feelings toward him. Filming took place in Australia with additional locations in Spain. when the galaxy is on the brink of civil war. After burying his mother. Yoda reveals that such a thing could only have been done by a Jedi. Returning to the Jedi Temple. Obi-Wan discovers that it has been removed from the navigation maps of the Jedi archives. making it difficult for the Jedi to maintain the peace. Plot Ten years have passed since the invasion of Naboo. and lasted from June to September 2000. while his mentor Obi-Wan Kenobi is assigned to investigate the assassination attempt. it became the first Star Wars film to be internationally out-grossed during 2002. the former Queen of Naboo. and he tracks Jango and his son Boba to the planet Geonosis after they escape from Kamino. Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith was released in 2005. After the release of The Phantom Menace. he left her behind on Tatooine when he set off to become a Jedi. The Republic contemplates creating an army to assist the Jedi. Obi-Wan tries to capture Jango after deducing that he is the killer he has been looking for. and Obi-Wan are drawn into the heart of the Separatist territories and the beginning of a new threat to the galaxy. where he discovers that an army of clone troopers is being secretly produced for the Republic. former Queen of Naboo. Under the leadership of a renegade Jedi named Count Dooku. although Obi-Wan and Anakin foil the plot and subdue the assassin. 2002. which received mixed reviews from critics. Supreme Chancellor Palpatine assigns Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi and his apprentice Anakin Skywalker to protect her. suggesting that a conspiracy is afoot. Anakin massacres the entire Tusken tribe. The script went through further drafts. and Lucas hired Hales to finish writing the final draft of the script before principal photography began. The murder weapon is discovered to be a poisonous dart manufactured on the planet Kamino. Attack of the Clones was the first motion picture to be shot completely on a high definition digital 24-frame system. of which it received the awards for Worst Screenplay and Worst Supporting Actor. Upon her arrival. while Anakin is assigned to escort and accompany Senator Amidala to her home planet of Naboo. to return to Coruscant to vote on the matter. Anakin. That night. In investigating the remote ocean planet of Kamino. Anakin convinces Padmé to accompany him to Tatooine to save his mother. In defiance of Obi-Wan's orders. along with R4-P17. she narrowly escapes an assassination attempt. who has fallen in love with Padmé. relishes the opportunity to spend time with her. as it goes against the morality of their respective careers as a Jedi and a senator. Anakin tearfully confesses his crime to Padmé. Former Jedi Master Count Dooku has organized a Separatist movement against the Republic. Succumbing to a murderous rage. The film is set 10 years after the events in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. A sequel. and the Galactic Republic is in turmoil. Anakin. It received nominations at the 75th Academy Awards and at the 23rd Golden Raspberry Awards. Lucas completed the draft of the film in March 2000.

Jackson as Mace Windu: A Jedi Master sitting on the Jedi Council who warily watches the Galactic Senate's politics. Yoda arrives with the clone army and rescues the survivors of the battle. he requested an unaltered clone for himself to take as his son — Boba Fett.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' On Geonosis. but manage to survive until Jedi Master Mace Windu arrives with a team of Jedi to assist them. Preparing for what could be their final moments alive. The Jedi are now uncertain of what will become of the Republic. • Kenny Baker as R2-D2: An astro-droid. Obi-Wan and Anakin corner him in a hangar and engage him in a lightsaber duel. As a large battle erupts between the Republic's clone army and the Separatist's droid forces. Obi-Wan relays this information via hologram to Anakin. Obi-Wan learns that Count Dooku authorized the assassination attempt on Padmé. • Anthony Daniels as C-3PO: A protocol droid for the Lars homestead. Ewan McGregor (left) as Obi-Wan Kenobi and Hayden Christensen (right) as Anakin Skywalker in Attack of the Clones. Shortly after arriving on Geonosis. Yoda is the instructor for the young Jedi padawans. Chancellor Palpatine is granted emergency powers to organize the clone army and send them into battle. who is created from his "father"'s DNA. Obi-Wan is captured mid-transmission. • Hayden Christensen as Anakin Skywalker: Obi-Wan's gifted padawan apprentice. • Frank Oz voices Yoda: A Jedi Grand Master of an unknown species. While he holds Obi-Wan hostage. Chancellor Palpatine oversees the launching of massive clone trooper forces. After a heated struggle. who investigates the assassination attempt of Padmé which led him to discover the makings of a Clone Army. Dooku reveals that the Republic is in fact controlled by a Sith Lord named Darth Sidious. Padmé finally confesses her own feelings for Anakin. often seen on missions with Anakin and Obi-Wan. . In addition to his wage. Anakin Skywalker. however. The three are pitted against savage beasts. who has recently been elected the planet's Senator. severing Anakin's arm in the process. • Natalie Portman as Senator Padmé Amidala: Former Queen of Naboo. Yoda engages Dooku in a duel until Dooku escapes. on Coruscant. • Daniel Logan as Boba Fett: Jango Fett's clone and adopted son. in which most of the Jedi are slain." • Ian McDiarmid as Chancellor Palpatine: A former Galactic Senator from Naboo. Meanwhile. now that the Clone Wars have begun. • Temuera Morrison as Jango Fett: A former bounty hunter who gave his DNA for use by the cloning facilities on Kamino for the creation of the clone army. Count Dooku attempts to escape. • Samuel L. and that the Separatists are developing a new battle droid army. and a suspect in Obi-Wan's investigation. who transmits it to the Jedi Council. taking the plans for a new "ultimate weapon" to his Sith master. 237 Cast • Ewan McGregor as Obi-Wan Kenobi: A Jedi Knight and mentor to his padawan learner. While Anakin and Padmé head to Geonosis to rescue Obi-Wan. with droids C-3PO and R2-D2 as witnesses. but he outmatches and defeats them with his mastery of the dark side of the Force. Anakin and Padmé are captured and sentenced to death along with Obi-Wan. engaging and killing Jango in a brief battle. Sidious. In addition to sitting on the Jedi Council. who amasses vast emergency powers upon the outbreak of the Clone Wars. Anakin (with a new cybernetic arm) and Padmé marry clandestinely on Naboo. He is believed to be the "chosen one" of Jedi prophecy destined "to bring balance to the Force. • Christopher Lee as Count Dooku: A former Jedi Master who is now leader of the Separatist movement as Darth Tyranus.

He attempted to assassinate Senator Amidala as revenge for his loss against her people on Naboo. • Silas Carson as Nute Gunray and Ki-Adi-Mundi: Gunray is the Viceroy of the Trade Federation. Attack of the Clones furthered technological development. just three months before the start of principal photography. the film's "working title" was Jar Jar's Big Adventure.[13] Because of Lucas' method of creating shots through various departments and sources that are sometimes miles and years apart from each other. Lucas initially decided that Lando Calrissian was a clone and came from a planet of clones which caused the "Clone Wars" mentioned by Kenobi in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. before casting Christensen. A large search for the new Anakin Skywalker was performed across the United States. The character was actually another Neimodian. He could simultaneously be scary and really young. 2000 and September 20. For help with the third draft. played by an uncredited David Healey and voiced by Christopher Truswell. who is given the task of assassinating Senator Amidala. she is actually a shapeshifter. The sequence's previsualization was rushed. at the Plaza de España in Seville. Spain.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' • Leeanna Walsman as Zam Wesell: A bounty hunter and partner of Jango Fett. and in the former royal Palace of Caserta. and the live-action footage was shot within four and a half hours. Location shooting took place in the Tunisian desert.[9] [10] he later came up with an alternate concept of an army of clone shocktroopers from a remote planet which were used by the Republic as an army in the war that followed. Lucas was hesitant to return to the writing desk."[12] Reshoots were performed in March 2001.[4] and Paul Walker. developed by Sony and Panavision. Lucas continued to iterate on his rough draft. As an in-joke. but had limited experience writing theatrical films. Among the many established actors who auditioned were Jonathan Brandis. Ryan Phillippe. but was "definitely unavailable" according to DiCaprio publicist Ken Sunshine. Attack of the Clones became the first film ever to be produced through what Rick McCallum called "virtual filmmaking. which would later become the shooting script. 2000 at 20th Century Fox Studios in Australia. In March 2000. in order to satisfy his daughters. a sarcastic reference to the negative fan response to the Episode I character. Lucas brought on Jonathan Hales. Jackson's character Mace Windu received a lightsaber that emitted an amethyst glow.[11] Filming Principal photography occurred between June 26.[6] Co-star Natalie Portman later told Time magazine that Christensen "gave a great reading. • Ahmed Best as Senator Jar Jar Binks: A Gungan whom Padmé appoints Representative of Naboo. Lucas auditioned various actors. At his own personal request. a new action sequence was developed featuring the droid factory after Lucas had decided that the film lacked a quick enough pace in the corresponding time-frame."[13] Like The Phantom Menace.[5] Leonardo DiCaprio also met with Lucas for the role.[2] The end credits erroneously list Alan Ruscoe as playing Neimoidian senator Lott Dod. E! Online reported that Lucas had allowed 'N Sync to film a small background cameo appearance. producing a proper first and second draft. Ki-Adi-Mundi is a Jedi Master who is a member of the Jedi Council. mostly unknown. The final script was completed just one week before the start of principal photography. effectively moving Hollywood into the "digital age" with the use of the HDW-F900.[8] In writing Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. in Italy at the Villa del Balbianello on Lake Como."[7] 238 Production Writing After the mixed critical response to The Phantom Menace. as opposed to traditional blue and green for "good guys" and red for "bad guys. Samuel L. who had written several episodes of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles for him. Although her appearance is human. They were subsequently cut out of the film in post-production. a digital .[3] Colin Hanks. Lucas finally completed his rough draft for Episode II. During this time.

Using computer-generated imagery (CGI). 80-year-old . Yoda's appearance in Empire also served as the reference point for the creation of the CGI Yoda.[17] The final computer-generated Yoda as seen in the Coleman later explained the process of making the digital Yoda like film. the camera would still run without complications. The intent was to create a number of small events that would be edited together for pacing inside the finished film. for which scenes were shot in the Tunisian desert in temperatures up to 125 °F (51 °C). Frank Oz (voice and puppeteer for Yoda in the original trilogy and The Phantom Menace) was consulted. This spawned controversy over the benefits and disadvantages of digital cinematography that continue as more filmmakers "convert" to digital filmmaking while many filmmakers oppose it. Attack of the Clones became the third film to be released that was shot entirely on a 24p digital camera (preceded by 2001's Jackpot and Vidocq). production assistants and relatives of the department workers acted out scenes in front of greenscreen. the previsualization department later filled in the green screen with rough background footage. look at what would eventually be seen. "When Frank [Oz] would move the head. It also furthered the authenticity of computer-generated characters by introducing a new.[13] In addition to introducing the digital camera. it wouldn't look like Yoda.[13] The process began with Ben Burtt's creation of what the department dubbed as "videomatics. completely CGI-created version of the character Yoda. and frigid." so called because they were shot on a household videocamera. In these videomatics. sore. few theaters did. Rob Coleman and John Knoll prepared two tests featuring a CGI-animated Yoda using audio from The Empire Strikes Back. Attack of the Clones emphasized "digital doubles" as computer-generated models that doubled for actors. Lucas only asked for good action shots that he could choose from and approve later. but still rough. in which the videomatic actors. Burtt then cut together this footage and sent it off to Lucas for changes and approval. props. after The Phantom Menace the decision was made to take advantage of the growing digital technology. The result was a rough example of what the final product was intended to be.[15] Despite Lucas' efforts to persuade movie theaters to switch to digital projectors for better viewing of Episode II.[14] In 2002. by saying.[16] 239 Effects The film relied almost solely on digital animatics as opposed to storyboards in order to previsualize sequences for editing early on in the film's production. the puppet version. The animatic was later brought on set and shown to the actors so that they could understand the concept of the scene they were filming in the midst of large amount of bluescreen used. and sets were replaced by digital counterparts to give a more precise. his main piece of advice was that Yoda should look extremely old. In contrast to previous installments. the ears would jiggle. the Battle of Geonosis was not storyboarded or created through videomatics but was sent straight to animatics after the department received a small vague page on the sequence. The previsualization department then created a finer version of the videomatic by creating an animatic. If we hadn't put that in. While Lucas had used other ways of producing motion-based storyboards in the past. Lucas had stated that he wished to film The Phantom Menace on this format but Sony was unable to build the cameras quickly enough. Unlike most of the action sequences. in order to maintain a flow of continuity. The animatics department was given a free hand regarding events to be created within the animatic. Lucas repeatedly stated to the animation department that "the trick" to the animation of the CGI Yoda was to make him like the puppet from which he was based.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' camera using an HD digital 24 frame system."[18] Because of the acrobatics of the lightsaber fight between Count Dooku and Yoda. in the same way that traditional stunt doubles did.

[24] Some have drawn parallels to the American Civil War. who would later catch Solo in the act in Empire. Obi-Wan Kenobi escapes Jango Fett by attaching his spacecraft to an asteroid in order to disappear from the enemy sensors. Lucas has often referred to the films as a long poem that rhymes. and both Palpatine and President Abraham Lincoln took extensive war powers and suspended many civil rights. were distributed at the time: one featuring Yoda. In both films. awaiting execution. and battles. even to the point that hand-held shakes were digitally added to computer generated sequences." a phrase used in each film. This scene was influenced by an execution method employed by the ancient Romans at the Colosseum where lions and other dangerous predatory animals were permitted to have their way with condemned prisoners. of the original trilogy films. Bonaparte was appointed First Consul for life (and later Emperor) by the French Consulate after a failed attempt on his life and the subsequent coup of 18 Brumaire in 1799. 2002 by Sony Classical. as Chancellor of Germany. The scene depicting this method takes place in the Geonosian arena with the condemned chained to a pole.[24] In the film.[23] Comparisons have been made to Octavian — who became Augustus.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' Christopher Lee relied on a stunt double to perform the most demanding scenes instead. As a retcon. the official name of the Separatist group is the "Confederacy of Independent Systems.[17] 240 Music The soundtrack to the film was released on April 23. John Knoll confirms on the film's DVD commentary that Boba Fett. an asteroid field is the backdrop of a major star battle in the middle of the film. the "Grand Army of the Republic. that almost always occur over a pit. "learned his lesson" from the events of . and Padmé are sentenced to be executed in this method.[21] The CD originally shipped with a bonus PC screensaver. the first emperor of Rome — and to Napoleon Bonaparte.[19] The music was composed and conducted by John Williams. as it had such potential to be humorous rather than dramatic. Four different soundtrack covers. Empire is the object of the most references in Attack of the Clones. another featuring Anakin and Padmé. combat films." is the same in both Star Wars and the American Civil War. likening the Separatists to the Confederate States of America.[24] War journalism.[20] The soundtrack recreates the "Imperial March" from the film Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back for its first chronological appearance in Attack of the Clones. therefore. Anakin. who rose to power in France from 1796 to 1799. Obi-Wan.[22] Themes Lucas has noted that Palpatine's rise to power is very similar to that of Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany.[26] Such examples include the now-famous line of "I have a bad feeling about this. a third featuring Jango Fett. and footage of World War II combat influenced the documentary style camera work of the Battle of Geonosis. even though a hint of it appeared in the previous movie in one of the final scenes. Han Solo uses a similar tactic by attaching the Millennium Falcon to a Star Destroyer in Empire. the latter was granted "emergency powers"." The name of the government Army. A music video for the main theme "Across the Stars" was produced specifically for the DVD. Lee's face was superimposed onto the double's body in all shots other than closeups. As with Attack of the Clones. and performed by the London Voices and London Symphony Orchestra. Clone troopers march onto their starships. namely lightsaber duels.[25] The prequel trilogy films often refer to the original trilogy in order to help connect the films together. which he performed himself. Octavian was responsible for the deaths of hundreds of political opponents well before he was granted tribunician powers. the Geonosians have their own style of capital punishment. each sold separately. which is carried out in bloody fashion by assorted carnivorous beasts. Lucas often called the duel crucial to the animation department. The Empire Strikes Back was the middle film in a trilogy. A Target-exclusive CD included a 14th track as a bonus track. as is Palpatine. and the fourth featuring the film's final poster art.

while deriding the romantic sentiments of Anakin and Padme as clichéd. Despite reports. "Why do I get the feeling you're going to be the death of me?" This is an allusion to Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope where Anakin. A pirate copy was allegedly made at a private showing. kills Obi-Wan aboard the Death Star. In 2000. as Darth Vader. an edited.000. but criticism of the more traditional dramatic elements. and Ben Snow for Best Visual Effects at the 2003 Academy Awards.[33] There was general admiration for the action sequences and special effects. C-3PO reprised some of his bumbling traditions in that role. with an asking price of US$100. Count Dooku cuts off Anakin's arm. instead. to various fan sites and media organizations. by the fan site. Worst Screenplay (George Lucas). The scheme was subsequently reported to Lucasfilm Ltd.[34] Critics called the dialogue "stiff" and "flat.[27] and was made available on the official Star Wars Web site the same day.Net. Worst Director (George Lucas).[38] Natalie Portman was also honored at the Teen Choice Awards. Also. In following suit with the previous installments in the series. there was a string of controversies regarding piracy. Additionally. the film received a 66% favorable rating.S. the film also received seven nominations from the Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Picture. an underground organization calling itself the Atlas Group. Because of the technical limitations of the IMAX projector.[29] before getting a worldwide theatrical release on May 16. The outplacement firm Challenger. companies could lose more than $319 million in productivity due to employees calling in sick and then heading to theaters to see the film. Gray & Christmas from Chicago predicted that U. Obi-Wan asks Anakin.[31] In addition. Pablo Helman.[34] Conversely.[37] Roger Ebert.[28] Attack of the Clones was screened out of competition at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival. a new trailer for the film aired on the Fox Network on March 10.. such as character development and dialogue. however.[30] Before the film's release. 120-minute version of the film was presented. . This copy spread over the internet.[36] He in fact makes a motion in the Galactic Senate to grant Palpatine emergency powers—unknowingly assisting Palpatine's rise to power. the Academy Awards presented Attack of the Clones with a nomination for Rob Coleman.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' Attack of the Clones. describing the first half as too dialogue heavy and slow-paced. McGregor did not refer to the film as "unsatisfactory. similar to when Darth Vader cut off Luke Skywalker's hand in Empire. who has praised all of the other Star Wars films." He did.[39] and the film received an award for Best Fight at the MTV Movie Awards.[32] Reception Attack of the Clones received generally mixed to positive reviews. the film had not been filmed for IMAX but was "up converted" with the digital remastering process. 2002. Jar Jar's attempts at comic relief seen in The Phantom Menace were toned down. On the Rotten Tomatoes review site. Western Australia offered a copy of the screenplay.[40] In contrast. other critics felt fans would be pleased to see that Jar Jar Binks plays only a minor role. awarded this edition only two out of four stars. authorities seized thousands of bootlegs throughout Kuala Lumpur before the film opened."[35] The acting (particularly by Christensen and Portman) was also disparaged by some critics.[23] In another scene. and analysts predicted up to a million fans would have seen the film before the day of its release. The film was also later released in IMAX theaters. including TheForce. 2002 between Malcolm in the Middle and The X-Files. using a digital recorder that was pointed at the screen. use the word in reference to the swordplay when comparing it to the climactic duel in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith as it neared release. 241 Release After a teaser trailer premiered with the film Monsters Inc. John Knoll. especially with respect to the relationship between Padmé and Anakin. based in Perth.

grossing film of the year. John Knoll. editor and sound designer Ben Burtt. Worst Screen Couple (Hayden Christensen and Natalie Portman) and Worst Remake or Sequel. and The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers.[51] A four-issue comic book adaptation was written by Henry Gilroy and published by Dark Horse Comics. Eight deleted scenes are included along with multiple documentaries.[43] Home media Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones was released on DVD and VHS on November 12.721. Three featurettes examine the storyline.[50] and a novelization written by R. which include a full-length documentary about the creation of digital characters and two others that focus on sound design and the animatics team. 2002. Some stores offered the full mockumentary as an exclusive bonus disc for a small extra charge. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets.[52] . Attack of the Clones is the lowest-performing Star Wars film at the North American box office. all of which enjoyed a more favorable critical reception as well. The films that out-grossed it were Spider-Man.[47] On January 6.588 overseas.[42] 242 Box office The film grossed $310. a huge financial success that nevertheless was overshadowed by the even greater box-office success of Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. producer Rick McCallum. was meant to be humorous. Salvatore.676. The film gives an alternate look at the "life" of the droid R2-D2. action scenes. it was announced that all six films in the series will be stereo converted to 3D.[44] The Attack of the Clones DVD also features a trailer for a mockumentary-style short film known as R2-D2: Beneath the Dome. and ILM visual effects supervisors Pablo Helman.[48] 3D Re-release On September 28.[45] The DVD was re-released in a prequel trilogy box set on November 4.[41] It took home two awards for Worst Screenplay (George Lucas) and Worst Supporting Actor (Hayden Christensen). A. The DVD features an audio commentary from director George Lucas.740 in the United States and $338. which includes some unique scenes. the first (and only) time that a Star Wars film did not have this distinction. and love story. The films will re-release in chronological order beginning with The Phantom Menace in late 2012. ILM animation director Rob Coleman. which Lucas approved. Attack of the Clones is scheduled to re-release in 3D in 2013. George Lucas edited or added certain elements that make the DVD slightly different from its theatrical release.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' Worst Supporting Actor (Hayden Christensen). Adjusted for inflation.[49] Adaptations Two novels based on the movie were published. 2008. Worst Supporting Actress (Natalie Portman). and Ben Snow. a tie-in junior novel by Scholastic. The story. the release was announced for September 2011 in three different editions.[46] The Star Wars films are scheduled to be released on Blu-ray Disc in 2011. and a set of 12 short web documentaries cover the overall production of the film.S.[1] It was not the top U. 2010. 2011.

" Time Canadian Edition. 2002. The Dalhousie Review. Hollywood. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.9171. [20] "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones . John Knoll and Ben Snow. "'N Sync Cut from "Clones"?" (http:/ / web.com. Mark (2002-01-10). Toronto Star. html).com.1.917542. [22] "Four Episode II Soundtrack Covers" (http:/ / www. html) [31] Singer.0 2007. theforce. com/ 2008/ 03/ 27/ ryan-phillippe-recalls-missing-out-on-anakin-role-in-star-wars-prequels/ ). . [30] Starwars. co. utoronto. [2002] [14] Here We Go Again: The Digital Cinema Revolution Begins DVD Special Feature.00. John (2008-01-26).com. [17] From Puppets to Pixels: Digital Characters in Episode II DVD Special Feature. starwars. [2002] [15] "Disney To Roll Out Pearl Harbor Again This Week" (http:/ / www. . .Original Motion Picture Soundtrack" (http:/ / web. [7] Cagle. [3] "Ryan Phillippe Recalls Missing Out On Anakin Role In 'Star Wars' Prequels" (http:/ / moviesblog. [26] "The Beginning" Making Episode I Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace DVD documentary. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' 243 Notes [1] "Star Wars: Episode II . IMDb. . [19] "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / www. Felicity (2003-03-20). "Attack of the Clones and the Politics of Star Wars" (http:/ / www. 2001-08-28. 2002-06-02. chass. Michael (2002-03-10). archive. Canadian Edition: 53. com/ music/ star-wars-episode-ii-attack-of-the-clones). Jackson". html).00. . eonline. p. [23] Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones DVD commentary featuring George Lucas. Financial Express. com/ movies/ ?id=starwars2. financialexpress.00. 374) [9] (Bouzereau 1997. html) on 2008-01-20. Retrieved 2006-06-26. Jess (2002-04-29). [6] Ryan. 158) [11] (Kaminski v. net/ episode2/ story/ four_episode_ii_soundtrack_covers_68428. "Reel change" (http:/ / film. Retrieved 2008-07-01. and Mrs. [2001] [27] "World premiere of new "Star Wars: Episode II" trailer on March 10" (http:/ / www. asp). . "ROLE CALL: Leo out of Anakin Sweepstakes" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2006-06-21. net-monster. starwarsthemusic. archive. . starwars. . 2002-05-15.1.00. html). .com. com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/ id/ 3173338/ year/ 2002. eonline. co. guardian. Retrieved 2008-07-01.3. [8] (Kaminski 2007. com/ episode-ii/ release/ trailer/ 5. html). The Guardian (London). . html). rottentomatoes. [2002] [24] Lancashire. Vader"" (http:/ / www. com/ m/ star_wars_episode_ii_attack_of_the_clones/ ).0 2007. shtml). p. . Retrieved 2008-07-01. ca/ ~anne/ clones.com. time. ..com article (http:/ / web. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. BBC. uk/ films/ 2002/ 05/ 07/ looking_for_anakin_article. . com/ news/ detail/ id/ 312150). php/ 1120771). Time. [25] "Star Wars: Episode II . Retrieved 2006-06-20. "Star Wars 'Clones' Showing Up On Web" (http:/ / www. Starwars. com/ 2002/ 05/ 06/ news/ companies/ darthvirus/ ). uk/ features/ featurepages/ 0. [32] "Malaysian Clones Attack Star Wars" (http:/ / www. archive. Retrieved 2006-06-21. p. internetnews. . [33] "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / www. . archive. [21] "Across The Stars music video" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 2008-07-01. festival-cannes. com/ news/ ni0087768/ ). Retrieved 2006-06-20. [16] Carus. com/ News/ Items/ 0. [2] Armstrong. 2002. Retrieved 2006-06-21. p. Joal (2000-04-04). hollywood. Net-Monster. 2002-03-01. sonyclassical. org/ web/ 20041023103030/ www. Retrieved 2008-07-01. . TheForce.1002326. Anne (2002).com. . Retrieved 2009-11-04. com/ episode-ii/ feature/ 20021011/ indexp2. . 162) [12] "Samuel L. mtv. com/ music/ 89932/ ) on 2007-12-02. "Colin Hanks rises in 'Untraceable'" (http:/ / www.Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / www. E! Online. [13] State of the Art: The Previsualization of Episode II DVD Special Feature. Retrieved 2006-06-24. hollywood. com/ News/ Items/ 0. Retrieved 2008-07-01. Retrieved 2006-06-09. MTV. Retrieved 2006-06-15. 196) [10] (Kaminski v. 2002-05-15. imdb. starwars. org/ web/ 20080120133421/ http:/ / www. 2002-05-14.9363.9363. "Yoda Goes Digital-and Conquers Too. 2002. Jess (April 29. htm). org/ web/ 20071202075936/ http:/ / www. Pablo Helman. ""Meet Mr. cnn. InterNetNews. . . thestar. festival-cannes. [5] "Looking for Anakin" (http:/ / www. Bravo. Rotten Tomatoes. sonyclassical. Sony Music Classical. com/ entertainment/ article/ 297184). page 48.3. com/ news/ Malaysian-Clones-Attack-Star-Wars/ 46489/ ). [2002] [18] Cagle. com/ bus-news/ article. . Retrieved 2006-06-20. Inside the Actors Studio. html) on 2008-02-13. [4] Hiscock. 2002-05-07. [29] "Festival de Cannes: Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / www. html). Retrieved 2006-06-09. [28] "Will 'Star Wars' clobber business?" (http:/ / money. Retrieved 2008-07-01. bbc. Hollywood. html).Net. . com/ music/ 89932/ ). Rob Coleman. org/ web/ 20080213001032/ http:/ / www. Ben Burtt. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. CNN. The Official Star Wars Music Website. Rick McCallum. com/ news/ detail/ id/ 1105739). boxofficemojo. com/ movie_starwars2. 2002). com/ episode-ii/ release/ trailer/ 5. 2008-03-27.Attack of the Clones" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.

com/ episode-ii/ release/ publish/ news20021205. archive. starwars. . Retrieved 2008-07-01. calendarlive. StarWars. 244 References • Kaminski. [40] "2003 MTV Movie Awards" (http:/ / www.com. 2010-08-14. 2002. archive. mtv. html) on 2005-04-02. org/ web/ 20050402113305/ http:/ / starwars. html). • Bouzereau. com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie000033752may13. The Annotated Screenplays (http://www." Time Canadian Edition. March 5. starwars. . Retrieved 2006-09-26. [35] Turan. html) on 2008-01-05. p. Retrieved 2006-06-15. Retrieved 2008-07-01. . org/ web/ 20080108153904/ http:/ / www. html). com/ episode-ii/ release/ video/ f20021008/ index. Retrieved 2008-07-01.0. Episode II . totalfilm. [37] Pierce. Golden Raspberry Award Foundation. com/ episode-ii/ release/ publish/ news20021205. "Dark Victory. AllYourTV. story) on March 21. oscars. html). com/ awards/ awardsteenchoice2002. org/ 75academyawards/ nomswins.amazon. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. Laurent (1997). Retrieved 2008-07-01. archive. [44] "Episode II: Unlocking the DVD" (http:/ / web. com/ movies/ saga/ 20080826news. 2002). 49. Wrede (2002-04-23).com. . 2003-03-22. com/ episode-ii/ release/ video/ news20021223. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2010-09-28. StarWars. Los Angeles Times. Richard and Jess Cagle. com/ episode-ii/ release/ video/ news20021223. Retrieved 2008-07-01. html) on 2008-01-08. 2002-10-08.com. Roger (2002-05-10). rogerebert. [36] Corliss.Ewan McGregor" (http:/ / www. [39] "2002 Teen Choice Award Winners" (http:/ / allyourtv.com. html). 2003-02-10. [41] "The 23rd Annual RAZZIE Nominations/Press Release" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2008-07-01. Starwars. starwars. [46] "Star Wars Saga Repacked in Trilogy Sets on DVD" (http:/ / www. [50] Patricia C. com/ episode-ii/ release/ publish/ news20020305. com/ themovies/ saga/ preorder_bluray/ index. Retrieved 2006-06-15. oscars. html).Attack of the Clones (Junior Novelization). "The Total Film Interview .3427362. 2002-12-23.com/movies/?id=starwars2. . com/ asp/ content/ XcNewsPlus. .com. Nev (2005-04-01). "Star Wars – Episode II: Attack Of The Clones" (http:/ / rogerebert. html) on 2007-11-16. . . Starwars. . [52] "Episode II Adaptation & Free Comic" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 2011-01-07. Starwars. com/ features/ the_total_film_interview__ewan_mcgregor).boxofficemojo. January 6. org/ web/ 20080105043647/ http:/ / www. com/ ontv/ movieawards/ 2003/ ).0. archive. html). Kenneth (2002-05-13). Retrieved 2006-06-09.com. [48] "Pre-order Star Wars: The Complete Saga on Blu-ray Now!" (http:/ / www. starwars. starwars. OCLC 37691005.com. dll/ article?AID=/ 20020510/ REVIEWS/ 205100305/ 1023). razzies. Del Rey. com/ briefing/ starwars. com/ asp/ content/ XcNewsPlus. html). Archived from the original (http:/ / www. starwars. 2002. com/ apps/ pbcs. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. htm). Total Film. 2003-03-23.htm) at Box Office Mojo . 2008. Lucasfilm. org/ web/ 20080108005407/ http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. starwars. External links • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www. [49] "The Star Wars Saga in 3D!" (http:/ / www. [47] "George Lucas Announces Star Wars on Blu-Ray at Celebration V" (http:/ / www.com/m/ star_wars_episode_ii_attack_of_the_clones/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www. 2008-08-28. Archived from the original (http:/ / starwars. . html). Lucasfilm.com. com/ movies/ saga/ announce3d/ index. html) on 2008-01-08. Retrieved 2010-08-15. Starwars. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.imdb.html). ISBN 0439139287. com/ episode-ii/ release/ publish/ news20020305. html).com/ Star-Wars-Screenplays-Laurent-Bouzereau/dp/0345409817). story). Retrieved 2008-11-08. "The Secret History of Star Wars" (http://secrethistoryofstarwars.com. archive. December 5. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. . 2011. . Scholastic Paperbacks. Retrieved 2010-11-18. calendarlive. Starwars. Lucasfilm. Michael (2007).''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' [34] Ebert. com/ themovies/ saga/ mebd/ bluray/ index. asp?cmd=view& articleid=110). org/ web/ 20080321153248/ http:/ / www. Golden Raspberry Award Foundation. html). asp?cmd=view& articleid=115). StarWars.3427362. OCLC 49622734.com.com/book. [42] "The 23rd Annual RAZZIE "Winners"" (http:/ / www. starwars. "'Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones'" (http:/ / web. [38] "75th Academy Award Nominees and Winners" (http:/ / web. . Retrieved 2006-06-15. MTV. Lucasfilm. com/ episode-ii/ release/ video/ f20021008/ index. [51] "Episode II Novel Paperback Edition" (http:/ / web. starwars. . (April 29. [43] "Box Office Mojo Star Wars Briefing" (http:/ / www. ISBN 0345409817. . razzies. org/ 75academyawards/ nomswins. Star Wars. com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie000033752may13. [45] "R2-D2: Beneath the Dome DVD" (http:/ / web. starwars.com/title/tt0121765/) at the Internet Movie Database • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www. . org/ web/ 20071116215808/ http:/ / www. archive. suntimes.

metacritic.935.com/film/titles/starwarsii) at Metacritic • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www.''Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones'' • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www.com (http://www.allmovie.com/) 245 Changing Lanes Changing Lanes Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Roger Michell Scott Rudin Scott Aversano Chap Taylor Michael Tolkin Ben Affleck Samuel L.starwars.com/movies/episode-ii/) at StarWars.764 Music by Cinematography Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue .com/work/261809) at Allmovie • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (http://www.starwars. Jackson Toni Collette Sydney Pollack William Hurt Amanda Peet David Arnold Salvatore Totino Paramount Pictures April 12. 2002 99 minutes United States English $45 million $94.

which will prove a dead man signed his foundation over to Banek's law firm. who took the papers. a good example being the two students whom Banek interviews apparently for roles of articled clerkship with the firm. he dropped the crucial power of appointment file at the scene of the accident. capable of abandoning their morals just to punish the other. The film ends with both men having a new outlook on life. filing a police report and insurance claim. with an average score of 7/10. fresh out of law school. but it looks to be too late for both of what they were trying to do. telling him. vengeful streak. Both men continue to do morally reprehensible things in an attempt to one-up each other. and eventually they begin to question their actions. Gavin Banek. they both have an angry. Banek goes to someone skilled with computers and gets him to switch off Gipson's credit. After Gipson refuses to accept the check and voices his desire to "do the right thing". and that conflict arises from historical forces. that is the same place as he. Unfortunately for Banek. Jackson.[3] 246 Plot A successful New York attorney. . the law being there as a "buffer". Themes Several themes are explored. and in desperation. The movie ends with Gipson's wife and children smiling at him from across the street. Gipson needed credit for a loan so he could buy a house for his family. Ultimately the two men apologize to each other and Gipson returns the file. "better luck next time". The audience is left wondering how very different the two characters' days would have been had only Banek cared to ask Gipson where he was going that morning. indicating a possible reconciliation or at the very least some kind of arrangement between the two in the future. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 77% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 149 reviews. Banek ends up using the file to force his boss to do the right thing and plans to represent Gipson pro bono so he can get the house he wants. Doyle Gipson. The young man especially says he would like to be a lawyer because he believes people are by nature good. has no intention of returning them. and he becomes further enraged. who is also in a rush to a hearing to try to gain custody of his children and to prevent his estranged wife from taking them to Oregon. Gipson learns that it proceeded without him and that it didn't go in his favor. He has a collision with another car. Though it is made clear that Banek and Gipson are radically different. to give him a friendly lift.''Changing Lanes'' Changing Lanes is a 2002 drama-thriller film directed by Roger Michell and starring Ben Affleck and Samuel L. knowing he owes Gipson that much.[2] Metacritic gave it an average score of 69 out of 100 from the 36 reviews it collected. that is. belonging to an insurance salesman. 2002 in North America by Paramount Pictures. Banek tries to brush Gipson off with a blank check thereby disobeying the law.[1] It was released on April 12. Gipson. A recurring instance is irony. him believing strongly in fairness and justice. determined to make life difficult for Banek. Banek strands Gipson. After arriving to the court late. The film received favorable reviews from critics. He is given the role by Banek. who invites him to see for himself just how the law is in practice. and the judge gives him until the end of the day to re-obtain the papers and present them. concentrating on ethics and the moral implications of their actions. is in a rush to file a power of appointment. Banek also visits Gipson's wife to explain everything to her.

2010.[4] it also has a 77% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes.216 elsewhere. with a total gross of $94. metacritic. 2010.000. External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://www.000. htm).764.com/movies/?id=changinglanes. Ratings. 2010. Retrieved October 7.com/title/tt0264472/) at the Internet Movie Database Changing Lanes (http://www. References [1] Full cast and crew for Changing Lanes (2002) (http:/ / www.rottentomatoes.htm) at Box Office Mojo . Rotten Tomatoes.changinglanes. Credits. Jackson as Doyle Gipson Toni Collette as Michelle Sydney Pollack as Stephen Delano Richard Jenkins as Walter Arnell Ileen Getz as Ellen Matt Malloy as Ron Cabot Amanda Peet as Cynthia Banek Kim Staunton as Valerie Gipson Bruce Altman as Joe Kaufman William Hurt as Doyle's sponsor Dylan Baker as Finch the fixer Reception The movie was a box-office success. com/ movies/ ?id=changinglanes. IMDb.818.117.935. it grossed $66.boxofficemojo. rottentomatoes. Retrieved October 7.548 in the United States and $28. com/ m/ changing_lanes).com/) Changing Lanes (http://www. [2] Changing Lanes Movie Reviews. and More at Metacritic (http:/ / www. with a budget of $45. [3] Changing Lanes Reviews.com/film/titles/changinglanes) at Metacritic Changing Lanes (http://www.com/m/changing_lanes/) at Rotten Tomatoes Changing Lanes (http://www. imdb. Retrieved October 7. Pictures (http:/ / www. com/ movie/ changing-lanes) [4] Changing Lanes (2002) (http:/ / boxofficemojo. Box Office Mojo.''Changing Lanes'' 247 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • Ben Affleck as Gavin Banek Samuel L. com/ title/ tt0264472/ fullcredits).imdb.metacritic.

The film was released by Universal Focus. English Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language The Caveman's Valentine aka Sign of the Killer (UK video title) is a 2001 mystery-drama starring Samuel L. Plot A former family man and pianist studying at Juilliard music school. Jackson) is now suffering from paranoid schizophrenia and living in a cave in Inwood Park. Romulus manages to get an invitation through a former friend to . including Romulus's daughter Lulu (Aunjanue Ellis).) 105 min. a homeless ex-lover of Scotty tells Romulus that he was murdered by the famous photographer David Leppenraub (Colm Feore). and that his mind is inhabited by moth-like angels. Shropshire Universal Focus March 2.''The Caveman's Valentine'' 248 The Caveman's Valentine The Caveman's Valentine The movie poster for The Caveman's Valentine. Jackson Terence Blanchard Amy Vincent Terilyn A. Scotty Gates (Sean MacMahon). 2001 (U. left in a tree outside his cave. Jackson based on the novel by George Dawes Green.S. New York. He believes that a man named Cornelius Gould Stuyvesant is controlling the world with rays from the top of the Chrysler Building. On Valentine’s Day he discovers the frozen body of a young man. dismiss the man's death as accident however. Romulus Ledbetter (Samuel L. Directed by Produced by Kasi Lemmons Mark Roybal Scott Rudin Eric Steel George Dawes Green Samuel L. Determined to discover the truth behind Scotty’s death and prove his worth to his daughter. The police.

3% Close date: June 14.041 (16 theaters) % of total gross: 16.Joey Peasley Ann Magnuson ." Awards • In 2002. Jackson .Romulus Ledbetter Colm Feore .Sheila Ledbetter Jay Rodan .. What unfolds thereafter is a twisted tale of mystery. Tamara Tunie was nominated for the Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Female.. com/ m/ cavemans_valentine/ . falls flat under the weight of its ambition. com/ title/ tt0182000/ [2] http:/ / www.''The Caveman's Valentine'' perform one of his compositions at Leppenraub’s farm. rottentomatoes. deception and a man's struggle against his own mind.David Leppenraub Aunjanue Ellis .Moira Leppenraub Anthony Michael Hall .Bob Sean MacMahon . gross: $687. with a general consensus that the film "has an intriguing premise.S.Officer Lulu Ledbetter Tamara Tunie .194 Worldwide gross: $687. imdb. Cast • • • • • • • • Samuel L.Scotty Gates External links • The Caveman's Valentine [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Caveman's Valentine [2] at Rotten Tomatoes References [1] http:/ / www. 249 Response Box office Domestic summary: • • • • Opening Weekend: $112. 2001 Total U.194 Critical Reaction The Caveman's Valentine received a 43% rating among the consensus of critics tracked by Rotten Tomatoes. but.

After he decided to settle on the origin story aspect of his outline. and directed by M. Filming for . Jackson. Touchstone Pictures November 22. David Dunn. The film stars Bruce Willis.121 Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Unbreakable is a 2000 psychological thriller film written. Jackson in mind to portray Elijah Price. Night Shyamalan M.118. Unbreakable tells the story of Philadelphia security guard. Shyamalan began to write the screenplay as a spec script with Bruce Willis already set to star in the film and Samuel L. Night Shyamalan. who slowly discovers that he is a superhero. and Robin Wright Penn. Samuel L. it explores the analogies between the real world and the mythology of superheroes. produced. 2000 106 minutes United States English $75 million $248. Night Shyamalan Barry Mendel Sam Mercer Roger Birnbaum Gary Barber M. Night Shyamalan Bruce Willis Samuel L. Shyamalan conceived the idea for Unbreakable to parallel a comic book's traditional three-part story structure.''Unbreakable (film)'' 250 Unbreakable (film) Unbreakable Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by M. Jackson Robin Wright Penn Spencer Treat Clark James Newton Howard Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Eduardo Serra Editing by Studio Dylan Tichenor Blinding Edge Pictures Barry Mendel Productions Limited Edition Productions Inc. The film is a study on the dimensions of comic books.

He is contacted by the adult Elijah. The Sixth Sense.''Unbreakable (film)'' Unbreakable began in April 2000 and finished that following July. but by threatening to pack up and leave for New York. and begins to test himself. It transpires that David used the excuse of the accident to quit football. To relieve his family from further distress. David shakes his hand and discovers to his horror that Elijah had orchestrated many of the fatal disasters he mentioned throughout the movie. who proposes to a disbelieving David that he is a real instance of the kind of person after whom comic-book superheroes are modeled. water. but finds the parents dead. In a flashback of the car accident he and Audrey were in. sustaining no injuries himself. David tries to console his son by saying that Elijah is wrong and that he's just as normal as everyone else. they discover that his physical strength is far beyond what he previously thought and Joseph begins to idolize his father and believe he is a superhero. but Elijah stalks him and his wife. Returning from a job interview in New York. At Elijah's suggestion. Unbreakable received generally positive reviews[1] with critics noting its weaker ending compared with Shyamalan's previous film. it is revealed not only that he was unharmed. The worst offender is a sadistic janitor holding a family hostage and torturing them inside their home. Elijah insists the deaths were justified as a means to find David. He then strangles the janitor. then perhaps there is someone strong at the opposite extreme. 251 Plot Elijah Price (Samuel L. a racist hate crime perpetrator. his father would not die. The final captions reveal that David led police to Elijah. Years later. Jackson) is born with Type I osteogenesis imperfecta. but that he had ripped a door off the car in order to save Audrey. David finally agrees to hear Elijah out. security guard David Dunn (Bruce Willis) is also searching for meaning in his life. This encourages Joseph to take David's loaded pistol and point it at him saying that if shot. with which he can glimpse immoral acts committed by people he touches. David's faith in Elijah is shaken when he remembers an incident from his childhood in which he almost drowned. David tries to ignore him. he is ambushed by the lurking janitor who throws him off a balcony into a pool below. not by saying he would die. Price theorizes that if he is frail at one extreme. who was committed to an institution for the criminally insane. After talking with Elijah in the back room of his studio. and a rapist. Elijah suggests that the incident highlights his one weakness. On a rainy night. David attends an exhibition at Elijah's comic book art gallery and gets to meet Elijah's mother (Charlayne Woodard). a memory he had long repressed.[2] The film grossed approximately $95 million in the United States and $250 million in world wide box office totals. "Mr. Drawing on what he has read in comic books during his many hospital stays. David manages to talk him out of the deed. ." should have alerted him to the fact that he was always a villain. because Audrey had a hatred of the sport and David knew that the only way their relationship could ever flourish would be to get football out of the picture. However their marriage is dissolving. David is the sole survivor of a horrific train wreck that kills 131 passengers. but is injured instead. Joseph confronts some bullies at school thinking he might share his dad's abilities. even going so far as to suggest that his childhood moniker. where he nearly drowns but is rescued by the children. He gave up a promising American football career to marry his love Audrey (Robin Wright Penn) after they were involved in an auto accident. secretly shows the newspaper article of his anonymous heroic act to his son. He explains that his purpose in life is to be the archvillain to David's hero. However. to the distress of their young son Joseph (Spencer Treat Clark). Under Elijah's influence. a rare disease in which bones break easily. he is reconciled with Audrey and the following morning. After freeing the children. That night. trying to get his attention. he walks through a crowd in a Philadelphia train station and senses crimes perpetrated by strangers who brush past him: a jewel thief. David develops his security guard hunches into extra-sensory perception. Glass. While lifting weights with Joseph. the last being David's train accident. causing hundreds of deaths. David follows the janitor back to the victims' house.

Several scenes relating to the Mr. Glass' color to David Dunn's green was also Jackson's idea. More than 15 minutes of footage was deleted during post-production of Unbreakable. Finding the birth section most interesting. the outline originally had a comic book's traditional three-part structure (the superhero's "birth". Shyamalan had already approached Bruce Willis for the lead role of David Dunn.[3] With Willis and Samuel L. and also helped Shyamalan establish his own production company. Various visual narrative motifs were also applied. He plays a man David suspects of dealing drugs inside the stadium. Shyamalan makes a cameo appearance. Shyamalan began to write Unbreakable as a spec script[4] during post-production on The Sixth Sense.[5] With the financial and critical success of The Sixth Sense in August 1999. trumpets and piano). "He sat there and storyboarded the whole movie for me". These scenes are available on the DVD release.[10] Music Film score composer James Newton Howard was approached by Shyamalan to work on Unbreakable immediately after scoring The Sixth Sense."[11] . he is primarily seen reflected in mirrors. Jackson specifically in mind for the two leading characters.[7] Principal photography began on April 25. Night Shyamalan as stadium drug dealer Elver Bagayawa Jr. Glass' hair wig was modeled after Afro-American statesman Frederick Douglass. 2000 and ended that following July. and as a young child. "It's definitely more mysterioso. Glass character involve glass.[6] Julianne Moore dropped out of portraying Audrey. very distinctive. in favor of her role as Clarice Starling in Hannibal. "I've never had a director do that for me. Shyamalan gave the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group a first look deal for Unbreakable. Jackson as Elijah Price Robin Wright as Audrey Dunn Spencer Treat Clark as Joseph Dunn Charlayne Woodard as Mrs."[11] Howard explained.[3] As he does in his other films.[9] Mr. Jackson requested his walking stick be made of glass to make his character more menacing. David's wife. Price Eamonn Walker as Dr. he decided to write Unbreakable as an origin story. Night Shyamalan first conceived the idea for Unbreakable. Pennsylvania. Blinding Edge Pictures. Disney purchased Shyamalan's screenplay at a "spec script record" for $5 million.''Unbreakable (film)'' 252 Cast • • • • • • • • • Bruce Willis as David Dunn Samuel L. he is seen reflected in a blank TV screen. Using purple as Mr. "He wanted something that was very different. with limited orchestrations. as stadium drug lord John Paulo Esguerra as the karatista man Development Production When M. In return. "You could have recorded the same music in a studio in Los Angeles.[8] Shyamalan and cinematographer Eduardo Serra chose several camera angles to simulate the look of a comic book panel. but there is something about the sound of that church studio. his or her struggles against general evil-doers. Howard and Shyamalan chose to simplify the score. the film's setting. Robin Wright Penn was cast in her place. that immediately evoked the movie when people heard it. he is reflected in a glass frame in his art gallery. Howard said. and it would have been great. The majority of filming took place in Philadelphia. Disney decided to release Unbreakable under their Touchstone Pictures banner. During the filming of The Sixth Sense. Some of the compositions were recorded in a converted church in London. As a newborn. and the hero's ultimate battle against the "archenemy")."[11] Shyamalan wanted a "singularity" tone for the music. Mathison M. He was also given another $5 million to direct." Howard remarked. and minimized the number of instruments (strings. When he leaves his calling card on the windshield of David Dunn's car.

to contrast them with the dark and dreary comic book color scheme. The film went on to gross $95.708 theaters. or at least to rewrite. with an average score of 6. Turan reasoned "if The Sixth Sense hadn't been as big a success as it was. the main characters have their identified color schemes. gave a negative review.12 million.[1] Critics generally noted the weaker ending. 2000 in 2. Written and illustrated by Matt Wagner. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 68% of critics gave the film positive write-ups. Roger Ebert largely enjoyed the film.[14] but managed to set opening weekend box office records in Brazil. Sense. totaling a worldwide gross of $248. similar to The Sixth ."[20] Kenneth Turan. writing in the Los Angeles Times. the shadow of The Sixth Sense hangs over Unbreakable". Elijah's note to David. Night Shyamalan describing the film's use of superhero archetypes [3] Filmmaker and comic book writer Kevin Smith felt Unbreakable was briefly similar to a comic book titled Mage: The Hero Discovered. the secret design to that labyrinth. Mage follows a wizard who convinces an Average Joe to try and find out if he is a superhero.[2] Metacritic. the film has received an average score of 62. Elvis Mitchell from The New York Times mentioned the visual similarities between David Dunn on patrol in his poncho and the DC Comics character known as The Spectre. arguing that Unbreakable had no originality. He did praise Dylan Tichenor's editing and James Newton Howard's music composition. it's the mythological world and. in these modern times. which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics. the wallpaper and bed sheets in their houses.[3] Release Box office and home media Unbreakable was released in the United States on November 22. Night Shyamalan leads you into a fascinating labyrinth.33 million in its opening weekend.[23] Shyamalan also disliked Touchstone Pictures' marketing campaign.[22] Shyamalan admitted he was disappointed by the reaction Unbreakable received from the general public and critics. Both Unbreakable and Mage are set in Philadelphia. He wanted to promote Unbreakable as a comic book movie. based on 31 reviews.01 million in the United States and $153. writer-director M.[3] The people whose bad deeds are sensed by David are identified by an article of clothing in a single bright color (red. is contained in comic books. In this case. and various personal items. Ebert believed that Willis' "subtle acting" was positively different from Willis' usual work in "brainless action movies". orange).[12] As in comic books.[17] Critical reception The reviews were mostly positive with a majority of reviews listed as "favorable" at movie review websites. "Whether it means to or not. an alternative universe that lurks right under our noses. The colors show up in their clothes.11 million internationally.2/10.[18] Richard Corliss of Time magazine reviewed that Unbreakable continued Shyamalan's writing/direction of "balancing sophistication and [19] Desson Thomson from The Washington Post wrote that "just as he did in The Sixth horror in all of his movies".[16] The film made an additional $95 million in DVD sales.  — M.[13] Unbreakable faced early competition from How the Grinch Stole Christmas. based on a sample of 155. earning $30. as compared to Shyamalan's previous film The Sixth Sense. but was disappointed with the ending.''Unbreakable (film)'' 253 Comic book references Good cannot exist without evil and evil cannot exist without good. this story might have been assigned to oblivion. but Touchstone insisted on portraying it as a psychological thriller. David's is green and Elijah's is purple. the key to the path.[15] Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released Unbreakable as a two-disc special edition DVD in June 2001."[21] Todd McCarthy of Variety mostly criticized Shyamalan's writing and the performances given by the actors.

Entertainment Weekly. 2001. variety." He noted that he considers it to contain Bruce Willis' best performance and that the film would have been better marketed with the question "what if Superman was here on earth."Samuel L. Tarantino praised the film as a "brilliant retelling of the Superman mythology. Retrieved 2008-12-19. Shyamalan stated that. Retrieved 2008-12-19. because of successful DVD sales. Inc. Variety. [15] Don Groves (2001-01-23). Jackson". Variety. . time. [5] "Movie Preview: Nov. com/ ew/ article/ 0. [10] Deleted Scenes With M. Michael Fleming (1999-12-15). Bruce Willis.998594. com/ article/ VR1117760020). [12] Scott Brown (2000-12-06). "Comic Belief" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117789537). . Sam Mercer. com/ exec/ obidos/ ASIN/ B00003CXQA). Time. Retrieved 2008-12-19.[28] In February 2010. Shyamalan and Samuel L. Bravo. html). "A New Day Dawns For Night" (http:/ / www. . [8] Charles Lyons (2000-01-14). .9171. amazon. Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment [4] Christopher John Farley (2000-11-27). CBS. Samuel L. Retrieved 2008-12-19.87399. variety. "At The Movies: A Full Plate For the Holidays". Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment [11] Rick Lyman (2000-11-24). . com/ ew/ article/ 0.[26] In December 2000. variety. James Newton Howard.[24] In 2009." (http:/ / www. 2001-10-05.starting from the stadium episode he had with Willis' character.[27] In a September 2008 article. [13] "Unbreakable" (http:/ / www. Variety.. and didn't know he was Superman?" [25] 254 Sequels rumors This film had rumors of possible sequels circulating on different interview and in film fansites after its release. rottentomatoes.00. Amazon. com/ movies/ ?id=unbreakable. htm). [17] "The Charts" (http:/ / www. Rotten Tomatoes. Jackson asked George Lucas for a purple lightsaber in Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones. [2] "Unbreakable (2000)" (http:/ / www. an idea Shyamalan said the studio originally turned down because of the film's poor box office performance. [6] Angelina Chen. com/ article/ VR1117760850). [9] Unrelated to this movie.com. Retrieved 2008-12-19. Shyamalan instead is focusing the movie on a new mastermind to be played by himself. Entertainment Weekly. [7] Staff (2000-03-02).''Unbreakable (film)'' Sense. "Green monster gobbles B. metacritic. [14] Carl Diorio (2000-11-26). html). The New York Times. In 2000. Retrieved 2008-12-19. Night Shyamalan.O.00. ew. Jackson. "Deal makes 'Sense'" (http:/ / www. 2002-06-02.. Inside the Actors Studio. html). Night Shyamalan. .00. Retrieved 2008-12-19. Shyamalan denied rumors he wrote Unbreakable as the first installment of a trilogy saying he was not even thinking about it. Box Office Mojo. com/ article/ VR1117778962).90839. . boxofficemojo. Variety.254278.00. Jackson said there was some discussion of a sequel when the film was being made.." (http:/ / www.O. Retrieved 2008-12-19.[29] In September 2010. Bruce Willis was quoted as hoping for an Unbreakable trilogy. Retrieved 2008-12-18. Variety.[26] In August 2001. [3] M. variety. . . but that character has now been used for an upcoming film he will write the story for and produce. com/ film/ titles/ unbreakable). com/ ew/ article/ 0. . Oscar-winning filmmaker Quentin Tarantino included Unbreakable on his list of the top 20 films to be released since 1992. html). "Inside Moves" (http:/ / www. he had approached Touchstone Pictures about an Unbreakable sequel. "Moore gets 'Break'" (http:/ / www. com/ m/ unbreakable/ ). Retrieved 2010-04-16. ew.[30] References [1] "Unbreakable:Review" (http:/ / www. [16] "Unbreakable (Two-Disc Vista Series) (2000)" (http:/ / www. Shyamalan revealed that the second planned villain from the first film was moved to the planned sequel. but that it mostly died with the poor box office. Metacritic. . The Making of Unbreakable. Jackson said he was still interested in a sequel but Shyamalan was non-committal. 22" (http:/ / www. ew. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. Retrieved 2008-12-19. "Overseas auds crowd 'Cast Away' at B. . Barry Mendel. and stated that as long as Jackson was able to participate he would be "up for it". 2001. Eduardo Serra. variety. 2000-08-11. Retrieved 2010-04-16. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2008-12-19. Willis said that Shyamalan was "still thinking about doing the fight movie between me and Sam that we were going to do". the year he became a director. . com/ article/ VR1117792429). IGN Entertainment. .

com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. . com/ wp-srv/ entertainment/ movies/ reviews/ unbreakablehowe. . variety. com/ apps/ pbcs. Entertainment Weekly. suntimes.0. . Retrieved 2008-12-20. html). [27] Olly Richards (2001-08-01). Retrieved 2008-12-20. Jackson. com/ 2010/ 02/ 22/ bruce-willis-says-m-night-shyamalan-still-thinking-about-unbreakable-2/ ). "An 'Unbreakable' Sense of Déjà Vu" (http:/ / web. com/ 2008/ 09/ 18/ samuel-l-jackson-m-night-shyamalan-on-the-unbreakable-sequel-that-never-was-but-might-be/ ). . M. "Scary And Smart" (http:/ / www. Empire Online.''Unbreakable (film)'' [18] Roger Ebert (2000-11-22). Retrieved 2009-01-23. ew. Retrieved 2008-12-20.com/work/214082) at Allmovie Unbreakable (http://www. [21] Kenneth Turan (2000-11-21). 255 External links • • • • Unbreakable (http://www. org/ web/ 20080622010752/ http:/ / www. www.htm) at Box Office Mojo Unbreakable (http://www. [20] Desson Thomson (2000-11-24).00. spike. calendarlive. Retrieved 2010-06-12. PopMatters. .4110177. story) on 2008-06-22. Retrieved 2010-06-12.. Retrieved 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2008-12-20. nytimes. Allison Hope (2008-06-02). "Unbreakable" (http:/ / www. popmatters. Retrieved 2008-12-20. Night Shyamalan 'Still Thinking' About 'Unbreakable 2'" (http:/ / splashpage. html). Time.com/movies/?id=unbreakable. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [30] "Unbreakable 2: Broken' Story to be Used for Third Night Chronicles". The Washington Post. html). [25] "Tarantino's Top 20 Movies Since 1992" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2008-12-19. com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie001121-3.allmovie.boxofficemojo.00. washingtonpost. html). [28] Casey Seijas (2008-09-18). com/ movies/ reviews/ cl-movie001121-3. .rottentomatoes. "'Unbreakable': Unrelentingly Gripping" (http:/ / www.333419. com/ review/ VE1117788668. "Night of the Living Dread" (http:/ / www. .4110177. com/ 2008/ 06/ 02/ business/ media/ 02night. empireonline.nytimes. com/ video/ tarantinos-top-20/ 3228451). [24] Weiner.994783. Spike (TV channel). Retrieved 2008-12-20. [29] Marshall. Retrieved 2009-08-17. [23] Daniel Fierman (2002-08-02).com. Bill (2010-02-24). "Unbreakable" (http:/ / rogerebert. . html). "An Unbreakable Sequel?" (http:/ / www. time. archive. Retrieved 2008-12-20.com/title/tt0217869/) at the Internet Movie Database Unbreakable (http://www.9171. Variety. "'Unbreakable 2' on the Horizon?" (http:/ / www. story). mtv. . IGN. com/ pm/ post/ 121312-unbreakable-2-on-the-horizon/ ). "Shyamalan's Hollywood Horror Story — NYTimes. Night Shyamalan On The ‘Unbreakable’ Sequel That Never Was. Los Angeles Times. . . mtv. ign.com" (http:/ / www. dll/ article?AID=/ 20001122/ REVIEWS/ 11220302/ 1023). Gibron. . "Willis' Unbreakable Trilogy Hopes Shattered" (http:/ / movies.com/m/unbreakable/) at Rotten Tomatoes . com/ articles/ 036/ 036655p1. calendarlive. Viacom.0. But Might Be" (http:/ / splashpage. com/ ew/ article/ 0. MTV News. asp?nid=13123). "Bruce Willis Says M. com/ News/ story. [19] Richard Corliss (2004-08-02). "Samuel L. Rick (2010-02-22). MTV News. [26] Brian Linder (2000-12-05). htm). Chicago Sun-Times. [22] Todd McCarthy (2000-11-20). .imdb.

United States Written by Starring Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country . Jackson Vanessa L. Williams Jeffrey Wright Christian Bale Busta Rhymes Dan Hedaya Ruben Santiago-Hudson Josef Sommer Lynne Thigpen Toni Collette Philip Bosco Pat Hingle Lee Tergesen Daniel Von Bargen Sonja Sohn Peter McRobbie Richard Roundtree Mekhi Phifer Paramount Pictures June 16. 2000 99 min.''Shaft (2000 film)'' 256 Shaft (2000 film) Shaft Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by John Singleton Mark Roybal Scott Rudin Eric Steel Ernest Tidyman (novel) John Singleton Shane Salerno Richard Price Samuel L.

Wade Jr. While visiting Diane's uncooperative mother. Peoples insinuates that he's been working for Wade. Shaft kills Peoples' younger brother. meets Peoples Hernandez. Diane.) $107. The film received fairly positive reviews and opened at the number one position at the box office when it debuted June 16. returns and Shaft rearrests him for leaving the country. however. Jeffrey Wright. he is shot in the chest by Trey's mother. and Mekhi Phifer. but rather a sequel. they are attacked by Peoples's men. since it features Richard Roundtree briefly reprising his role as the original John Shaft. and Shaft kills him. Plot NYPD Detective John Shaft is called in to investigate the racially motivated murder of Trey Howard. Jackson's John Shaft character is the nephew of the original John Shaft. Diane confesses that she saw the entire murder. hires Peoples to find and kill her first. Roselli and Groves. are killed by Carmen. Wade Jr. Shaft briefly meets a potential eyewitness to the murder. Wade Jr. is let off on bail again. 2000. who have been paid by Peoples to follow Shaft and get to Diane. and dies on the spot. While at the apartment. another shootout takes place. and in frustration Shaft resigns from the police force.000. In the police station. but they are followed by Roselli and Groves.. Wade Jr. is let off on bail and flees to Switzerland. Christian Bale. Pat Hingle. but before they can talk. Shaft. Williams. A woman arrives. promising to bring Wade Jr. and kept silent in return for a payoff from Wade's father. asking for Shaft to help her.'s trial finally arrives. . and starring Samuel L. In the shootout. claiming to have an abusive boyfriend. Shaft and Carmen realise they are being followed by officers Jack Roselli and Jimmy Groves. Diane Palmieri. During his temporary incarceration at police headquarters. Shaft is initially reluctant. outed as corrupt. Wade Jr. to justice on his own terms. This film is not a remake of the 1971 film of the same name.196. When Peoples arrives at the location. the son of a wealthy real estate tycoon. he decides to help her anyway. Jackson. Vanessa L. but when he sees her injury. Carla Howard. Busta Rhymes. Rasaan and Diane's brother manage to escape to Rasaan's apartment.498 [1] 257 Shaft is a 2000 American action-crime film directed by John Singleton. a Dominican drug lord. Toni Collette.000 US (est.. In a face-off between Shaft and Peoples. enlisting the help of his friends Detective Carmen Vasquez and taxi driver Rasaan. Shaft reiterates to Carmen that he prefers to be a private detective. Worried that Shaft might find the missing eyewitness. Before it can begin. Shaft continues his search for Diane. Wade Jr. his passport relinquished. Shaft finally finds Diane Palmieri. but she disappears soon after and cannot be found for the trial. Two years later. committed by Walter Wade Jr.''Shaft (2000 film)'' Language Budget Gross revenue English Spanish $44.

Singleton planned a sequel where Shaft would battle drug lords in Jamaica. Jackson has stated he no longer has interest making another Shaft film)." as a homage by director John Singleton to the original film. Pat Hingle as Judge Dennis Bradford Busta Rhymes as Rasaan Dan Hedaya as Jack Roselli Toni Collette as Diane Palmieri Richard Roundtree as Uncle John. Sr. boxofficemojo.imdb. It peaked at #22 on the Billboard 200 and #3 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. and has the option to write and direct the third. Kearney Mekhi Phifer as Trey Howard Lawrence Taylor as Lamar The director of the original Shaft. Roundtree has signed on to do three Shaft sequels (the first two which will be filmed back to back).boxofficemojo. Ruben Santiago-Hudson as Jimmy Groves Josef Sommer as Curt Flemming Lynne Thigpen as Carla Howard Philip Bosco as Walter Wade. Jackson as John Shaft Vanessa L. References [1] http:/ / www.''Shaft (2000 film)'' 258 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel L. Lee Tergesen as Luger Daniel von Bargen as Lt.com/m/1098038-shaft/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Shaft (http://www. Gordon Parks. the original John Shaft and uncle of this film's Shaft.rottentomatoes. Soundtrack A soundtrack containing hip hop and R&B music was released on June 6. appears in a cameo at the Lenox Lounge party as "Mr. Jr.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Shaft (http://www. P. com/ movies/ ?id=shaft. 2000 by LaFace Records. but Jackson's disappointment with the film prevented a sequel from being made. htm External links • Shaft (http://www. After the release of the remake. Sequels Paramount Pictures is negotiating a deal with John Singleton to make another Shaft movie to star Richard Roundtree (as Samuel L.com/title/tt0162650/) at the Internet Movie Database .com/movies/?id=shaft. The first film is set to begin filming in the summer of 2010 for a 2011 release. Williams as Carmen Vasquez Jeffrey Wright as Peoples Hernandez Christian Bale as Walter Wade.

and starring Tommy Lee Jones.000 $71. is about Marine Colonel Terry Childers. who is brought to court-martial on charges of disobeying the rules of engagement in a . political. Samuel L. and legal drama.303 Music by Cinematography Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Gross revenue Rules of Engagement is a 2000 American film directed by William Friedkin. played by Jackson.732. Jackson and Guy Pearce. a military.000.''Rules of Engagement (film)'' 259 Rules of Engagement (film) Rules of Engagement Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring William Friedkin Scott Rudin Richard D. The movie. Jackson Guy Pearce Bruce Greenwood Blair Underwood Philip Baker Hall with Anne Archer and Ben Kingsley Mark Isham Nicola Pecorini Augie Hess Seven Arts Pictures Paramount Pictures March 31. Zanuck James H. Webb Stephen Gaghan Tommy Lee Jones Samuel L. 2000 128 minutes English / Arabic $60.

while peering around his cover. women and children demonstrate outside the U. as well as Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman (eligible for a Dishonorable Discharge) and a minor charge of Breach of the Peace. Childers executes the radioman and turns the gun on Cao. A fourth Marine. who immediately radios his men and tells them to advance. military law as explained in the film.S. flag and flying Mourain and his family out of the Embassy.S. his wife and young son need to be evacuated. as he had had an unimpressive career in the Marine Corps's JAG Division. the National Security Adviser is worried by the dire consequences that are caused by Childers' actions and decide that he needs to be court-martialed. confusion or a darker motive (such as prejudice). led by Lieutenant Hays Hodges (Tommy Lee Jones) and Lieutenant Terry Childers (Samuel L. As a surprise. when he receives a CCTV security videotape that confirms that shots had indeed been fired by the crowd. appears to see something in the crowd below. Sergeant Kresovitch – who also had an observational position – was killed on site and therefore. However. A US Marine platoon. Hodges' group is ambushed by North Vietnamese soldiers and all but Hodges are killed. Jackson) are advancing through the jungle and they split up to take two different routes. The defense and Childers respond that he was in fear for his Marines' lives under fire and was in compliance with his orders and the rules of engagement. Colonel Binh Le Cao. During the evacuation.S. he could be exonerated. The movie then jumps to 28 years later (1996). To try and intimidate him. Childers asks Colonel Hays Hodges to be his attorney. Webb. women and children. This explains the mob outside the embassy and the shooting. However. Ambassador Mourain. The legal case that follows depends on whether the crowd was armed and fired first or Colonel Childers exceeded his orders and reacted based on anger. although he has been confined to a desk job for the last 28 years due to an injury picked up in Vietnam. which call for a jihad against the USA. At the same time. Ambassador Mourain (earlier blackmailed into co-operating by Sokal) lies on the stand and says the . 260 Synopsis The film opens in the Vietnam War in 1968. against Hodges' advice that he get another lawyer. Horrified by what he sees. he confronts Childers and eventually admits that they have a tough case and are unlikely to win. He immediately orders his men to open fire on the crowd. relations with Arab countries. After retrieving the U. where Hodges. embassy in Sana'a which had been incited by jihad audio tapes and the U. But if some of them were carrying weapons and opened fire. now a Colonel and a veteran. Childers' group captures the leader of the attackers. knowing that many other great lawyers have not. Childers testifies that he was on the roof and could clearly see that the crowd had weapons. where an unruly crowd of local men. where he finds several audio tapes. Childers orders Colonel Cao to call his men off Hodges and advance. Yemen. is holding a retirement party. Sergeant Kresovitch is mortally wounded and dies in Childers' arms. Childers returns to aid his marines.S. Childers. he burns the tape with the hope that the prosecution will win. Childers holds a pistol to Cao's unarmed radioman. racism. Not long after this. the now-Colonel Terry Childers shows up to present Colonel Hodges with a sword of honor. specifically near Ca Lu. wants Childers to be convicted in order to preserve U. Childers then keeps his word and lets Colonel Cao go. Webb is currently the senior United States Senator from Virginia. The lead writer. The prosecution asserts that Childers' order to fire was based on personal fear. leaving Hodges alive. The National Security Advisor. resulting in the slaughter of many civilians by Childers' men. Childers could be charged with three offenses: murder for killing 83 "non-combatants" (a crime eligible for life imprisonment or even the death penalty).S. Hodges agrees and goes to Yemen. When Cao refuses to call his men off. In the wake of this. or confusion. Childers is adamant that Hodges be his attorney rather than a better and more successful one for the principal reason that Hodges has served in combat before. According to U.''Rules of Engagement (film)'' military incident at an American embassy in Sana'a. James H. Childers is the only one who can testify as to the intentions of the crowd. lawyer and Secretary of the Navy. 3 Marines are killed by gunmen on the roofs of the buildings overlooking the embassy. promising to let them both go free if they cooperate. is a former Marine combat officer. William "Bill" Sokal. killing 83 men. Childers and his platoon are called into action in Yemen.

Childers Guy Pearce . tries to get Hodges to recount what he remembered about the incident in Vietnam to pursue this against Childers. including a witness – Colonel Binh Le Cao.Capt.Gen. Mark Biggs Ben Kingsley .Tom Chandler Richard McGonagle .[1] Paul Clinton of the Boston Globe wrote "at its worst. Dale Dye . Hodges plays the audiotapes calling for a jihad against America and a witness's testimony proving that these were what caused the protest. Mourain Blair Underwood . using Arabs as cartoon-cutout bad guys".The critical consensus for the film is the script is unconvincing and the courtroom action is unegaging. forcing him to resign from his post. his wife later admits the truth to Hodges but won't testify in contradiction to her husband.Col. as the prosecution had originally claimed.Maj.Judge Col. Binh Le Cao Nicky Katt . Nevertheless. Hodges responds by reminding the Major of his lack of experience in combat and that the average life expectancy of a marine dropped into a hot LZ was not two weeks. but not guilty of the more serious charges of Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman and murder. Hayes Lawrence Hodges. and Childers salutes back.Col. he would have done the same thing. In an effort to save face. Jackson . A postscript title card says that William Sokal was charged and found guilty of destruction of evidence. This refutes all of the prosecution's claims that the tapes had been stolen.Col.Hayes Lawrence Hodges III Costume Designer .Dr. As Childers steps outside the courthouse. the very man Childers had captured and released in Vietnam. if placed in the same situation. and executed his unarmed radioman.The film drew widespread criticism for its portrayal of Arab characters. as Biggs had thought.Maj. Colonel Childers is found guilty of the minor charge of Breach of the Peace. or did not exist. During the testimony of Colonel Cao. However. Colonel Cao.Gloria Gresham Criticism Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 37% based on 93 reviews. . that Ambassador Mourain was found guilty of perjury and sacked. which could have exonerated Childers.Mrs. and not the protest over US placement of ships in the Gulf of Aden. Ahmar Mark Feuerstein .''Rules of Engagement (film)'' crowd was peacefully demonstrating and that Childers had acted violently towards him during the evacuation. Terry L. the foreign officer admits that. and appears to be a potential turning point in the trial. Similarly. E. 261 Cast and Crew • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tommy Lee Jones . salutes him. The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee described it as "probably the most racist film ever made against Arabs by Hollywood". he recounts how Childers had threatened him with death in order to save his Marines. Ultimately. Perry Amidou . and that no further charges were pursued against Childers and he retired honorably from the Marines. Gen. but has not shown up.US National Security Advisor Bill Sokal Anne Archer . before getting in to a car. Lee Philip Baker Hall . Ret.. Hodges also presents the jury with a shipping manifest showing that a camera film from an undamaged camera that had exactly the same point of view as Childers. Major Mark Biggs. Hayes Lawrence "Hodge" Hodges II Samuel L. it's blatantly racist.Ambassador Mourain Bruce Greenwood . the attorney of the prosecution. but rather "16 minutes". The prosecution introduces previous actions by then-Lieutenant Childers in Vietnam to show a history of misconduct. had been delivered to Sokal's office. Warner Baoan Coleman .

com/movies/?id=rulesofengagement. co.org/videos/ MediaRaceAndRepresentation/ReelBadArabs) External links • Rules of Engagement (http://www.Cumulative Score of 37% • Review of "Rules of Engagement" (http://archive.mediaed.dll/article?AID=/20000407/REVIEWS/4070304/1023) by critic Roger Ebert. yet including several bloody scenes . The 'towel-heads' take on Hollywood (http:/ / www.355880. This is a very well done drama. very engaging. one living among Arabs would know that the picture drawn of those fighting against the west and the Jews is completly true. Brian.sensesofcinema. including the armed grandmothers and young children. but it probably portrays a more realistic view than we'd like to imagine.''Rules of Engagement (film)'' Review And yet.htm) at Box Office Mojo . and definatly not an action movie. • Rotten Tomatoes: Aggregate of Film Reviews of "Rules of Engagement" (http://www.exactly as portrayed by the movie.com/m/ rules_of_engagement/) .com/title/tt0160797/) at the Internet Movie Database • Rules of Engagement (http://www. The Guardian.a movie not to be missed 262 References [1] Whitaker. etc . guardian.com/contents/00/9/rules.suntimes.rottentomatoes. 2000. The US army also appears really bad as you'd expect them to do less damage to the innocent then the movie portrays.00.com/apps/pbcs.3604. Friday August 11.html) by Mark Freeman.not a war movie.imdb. uk/ international/ story/ 0. Chicago Sun-Times • "Reel Bad Arabs" Media Education Foundation (http://www. the women and babies standing next to the armed shooting men so westerners cannot shoot back. especially in the court scene .boxofficemojo. html). Senses of Cinema • Review (http://rogerebert.

Urioste Village Roadshow Pictures Warner Bros. Jackson Jacqueline McKenzie LL Cool J Michael Rapaport Stellan Skarsgård Aida Turturro Trevor Rabin Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Stephen Windon Editing by Derek Brechin Dallas Puett Frank J. July 28.''Deep Blue Sea'' 263 Deep Blue Sea Deep Blue Sea Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Renny Harlin Akiva Goldsman Robert Kosberg Tony Ludwig Alan Riche [1] Rebecca Spikings Duncan Kennedy Donna Powers Wayne Powers Thomas Jane Saffron Burrows Samuel L. 1999 105 min.  United States  Australia Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country .

Dr.Carter Blake Saffron Burrows . Janice "Jan" Higgins Aida Turturro . One by one the team is killed off by the sharks until only the cook.000. One of them. It's about giant sharks eating people. Susan McAlester LL Cool J .''Deep Blue Sea'' Language Budget Gross revenue English $60. Aquatica's financial backers are skeptical and nervous about the tests. in a sacrificial effort to distract the last of the three sharks. intending to increase their brain capacity so that they can harvest the tissue as a cure for Alzheimer's. McAlester. The film was directed by Renny Harlin and was released in the United States on July 28.Sherman "Preacher" Dudley Michael Rapaport . And that's exactly what you get." Empire magazine gave the film three out of five stars. Jackson) to visit the facility. and flood the internal structure."[2] . Preacher (LL Cool J). In order to prove that the research is worth it. 1999. Jackson . and a consensus that says "Aside from a few thrills. Jim Whitlock Samuel L.Dr. the team manage to remove brain tissue from the largest shark the adult female. Cast • • • • • • • • Thomas Jane . without allowing the sharks to reach open water.142 264 Deep Blue Sea is a 1999 science fiction thriller film that stars Thomas Jane. Susan McAlester (Saffron Burrows). However. an accident sets off a chain of events that allows the sharks to engineer an escape. but were actually leading them to flooding the facility so they could escape into the open sea to breed. allowing them entry to target the humans within it. saying "It was never going to crash any parties come Oscar night. violates the code of ethics.Dr. and Samuel L Jackson. Rotten Tomatoes gave it a 57% "rotten" rating with 51 out of 89 reviews counted fresh. McAlester. but Deep Blue Sea remains defiant. and genetically engineers three Mako sharks.Brenda Williams Reception The film received mixed reviews from critics. a team of scientists are searching for a cure for Alzheimer's disease.000 $164. the increased brain capacity also makes the sharks smarter. Saffron Burrows. faster. or usurp previous nature-fights-back epics (Jurassic et al). Dr. allows it to kill her while Preacher and Blake blow the shark out of the water. Plot On a remote top-secret island facility called Aquatica.Tom "Scoggs" Scoggins Stellan Skarsgård . The team of scientists have to escape the sinking research center and avoid being killed.Russell Franklin Jacqueline McKenzie . Deep Blue Sea is unoriginal and unintelligent. and send a corporate executive (Samuel L. and Carter Blake (Thomas Jane) are left alive. and await rescue as boats containing other researchers come toward the facility. Unfortunately. and more dangerous. They make the startling discovery that the sharks have not just been trying to kill them. LL Cool J.648.

with the movies playing then being Deep Blue Sea and Lake Placid. However. Records featuring rap and R&B music. McAlester .rottentomatoes. Composer Trevor Rabin scored the original music for the film. html?categoryId=25& cs=1). asp?DVDID=5920) [3] http:/ / www. but test audiences made it clear how much they disliked the character (going so far as to shout "Die.html) Deep Blue Sea (http://www. stating that he'd prefer watching a movie without a rap star starring in it because of his bad experiences with the film Anaconda.metacritic.com/cmp/frameset. bitch!" at the screen) as her actions had caused all that had gone wrong. 2010-07-07.warnerbros. was to die but test audiences loved the character so much that filmmakers re-shot the ending and had him live.com/title/tt0149261/) at the Internet Movie Database Deep Blue Sea (http://www.com/cmp/5b. played by LL Cool J.boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2010-08-01. • The movie is referenced in the comic strip The Boondocks when the Freeman family considers going to the cinema. The released soundtrack contains 10 tracks. • The Sealab 2021 episode Tinfins centers around the crew of Sealab making a movie which is an obvious spoof of Deep Blue Sea. . they go to see Lake Placid.[3] In popular culture • Deep Blue Sea appeared on Mythbusters in the episode "Phone Book Friction" when they tested the many elements of the shark's death at the end of the film.com (http:/ / www. • The license plate pulled from the shark's teeth by Carter is the same plate found in the tiger shark carcass from the 1975 Steven Spielberg film Jaws. 1999 by Warner Bros.imdb. Variety Magazine.html) Official spelling of Dr. with most being proven untrue. Conversely.com/m/1090759/) at Rotten Tomatoes Deep Blue Sea (http://www. The soundtrack made it to #55 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums.com/movies/?id=deepbluesea. McAlester lived. [2] Deep Blue See Review -Empire Online. variety. filmtracks. html External links • • • • • Official website (http://http://deepbluesea. empireonline. • Note: In the film's original cut. com/ article/ VR1118021467. Sherman 'Preacher' Dudley.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Official website (http://http://deepbluesea. com/ reviews/ review.com/film/titles/deepbluesea) at Metacritic Deep Blue Sea (http://www. the decision was made to re-shoot the ending so that her character died. Thus.warnerbros. com/ titles/ deep_blue. when Robert hears that LL Cool J stars in it. References [1] "Producer Spikings-Goldsman dies of heart attack" (http:/ / www.''Deep Blue Sea'' 265 Soundtrack A soundtrack was released on June 27.

''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 266 Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Theatrical poster by Drew Struzan Directed by Produced by Written by Starring George Lucas Rick McCallum George Lucas George Lucas Liam Neeson Ewan McGregor Natalie Portman Jake Lloyd Ian McDiarmid Ray Park Ahmed Best John Williams Music by Cinematography David Tattersall Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Preceded by Followed by Ben Burtt Paul Martin Smith Lucasfilm 20th Century Fox May 19. 1999 133 minutes United States English $115 million [1] [1] $924.558 Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones .317.

Darth Maul. Padmé to journey along with them. and only his fourth overall. There Qui-Gon saves local Gungan outcast Jar Jar Binks from being trampled by a Federation tank. they must contend with the mysterious return of the Sith. where the Jedi encounter Anakin Skywalker. Its filming took place during 1997 at various locations including Leavesden Film Studios and the Tunisian desert. the Supreme Chancellor dispatches two Jedi. After a brief fight. and the highest-income film of 1999. and suspects he may be the Chosen One who will bring balance to the Force. forcing them to land on the nearby desert planet Tatooine for repairs. Meanwhile. though they are able to obtain a transport to reach the Capital city of Theed on the surface. the Trade Federation has become in league with the evil Sith Lord Darth Sidious.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 267 Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas. Its special effects included extensive use of computer-generated imagery (CGI). they manage to escape. who was dispatched to capture the Queen. the Return of the Jedi. After spending time with Anakin. where the Jedi unsuccessfully attempt to persuade the Gungans to help the people of Naboo. Qui-Gon Jinn. a young slave boy who seems to be unusually strong with nascent powers of The Force. The film follows the Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn and his apprentice (padawan) Obi-Wan Kenobi. There they meet a young slave child named Anakin Skywalker. with its bureaucracy bloated and corrupt and its economy deteriorating. his mother Shmi Skywalker. who praised the visuals and action sequences but criticized the writing. The Phantom Menace was also Lucas' first product as a film director after 22 years. Indebted to the Jedi. The Queen escapes Naboo with the Jedi on her personal starship. who orders them to kill the Jedi and invade Naboo with an army of battle droids. Along the way. which is damaged on its way through the blockade surrounding the planet. with some of its characters and its settings being completely computerized and not existing at all in the real world. it grossed $924. characterization and acting. he will be freed. It is the fourth film to be released in the Star Wars saga. to enter him in a podracing tournament. Watto. In response to a taxation on trade routes. Qui-Gon ventures into the settlement of Mos Espa with Jar Jar and R2-D2 to a junk shop to purchase a new hyperdrive generator. Qui-Gon makes a bet with Anakin's owner. It is also the seventh highest-income film of all time at the American box office. they allow one of her handmaids. who escort and protect Queen Amidala in traveling from the planet Naboo to the planet Coruscant in the hope of finding a peaceful end to a large-scale interplanetary trade dispute. the greedy Trade Federation organizes a blockade of battleships around the planet of Naboo. In fulfillment of the Queen's wishes. Jar Jar leads them to the underwater Gungan city of Otoh Gunga. as the first of a three-part prequel to the original Star Wars trilogy and the saga. their starship must stop for repairs. they are attacked by Darth Sidious' apprentice. 1999. and that if Anakin wins. Lucas began production of this motion picture after he had concluded that the science of movie special effects had advanced to the level of what he wanted for his fourth film in the Saga. making it the Star Wars film with the highest gross income (unadjusted for inflation). and his Jedi apprentice Obi-Wan Kenobi. Before they leave. and it is landed on the planet Tatooine. but he is forced to leave his mother behind because Qui-Gon was unable to arrange for her release as well. .3 million worldwide. The film's premiere was accompanied by extensive media coverage and great anticipation. and their droid C-3PO. but is rescued by the Jedi. the 14th highest gross-income film of all time. Unbeknown to them. Anakin manages to win the race and joins the group to be trained as a Jedi. Queen Amidala of Naboo is captured by the Federation army. Qui-Gon senses a strong presence of the Force within him. The Phantom Menace premiered in theaters on May 19. the two Jedi stow aboard landing craft and escape to Naboo. to negotiate with Trade Federation Viceroy Nute Gunray. Narrowly evading death. Hoping to resolve the matter. sixteen years after the 1983 premiere of the previous film in the saga. Despite mixed reviews by critics. Plot The Galactic Republic is in a period of decline.

attempts to persuade the Jedi Council to train Anakin as a Jedi. but they refuse as Anakin is too old and has too many attachments. the Federation Viceroy is sent to stand trial for his crimes. He holds Qui-Gon in high regard. The Queen convinces the Gungan people to form an alliance against the Trade Federation. Senator Palpatine is elected as the new Supreme Chancellor. meanwhile.[2] • Natalie Portman as Queen Padmé Amidala: The young queen of Jake Lloyd portrayed 9-year-old Anakin Naboo at 14 years of age. but at the same time be vulnerable and open. but cast Neeson.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' The Jedi escort the Queen to the Republic capital planet of Coruscant so she can plead her people's case to the Galactic Senate. Back on Naboo. Within the Senate. describing him as a "master actor. The Jedi. Theed. but questions his motives at times. but grows frustrated with the lack of action by the Senate. When he discovers Anakin. Padmé reveals herself to be Queen Amidala. Qui-Gon is killed in the battle. ultimately deciding to return to Naboo with the Jedi. stronger Chancellor who will help end the conflict. he insists that the boy be trained as a Jedi. McGregor prepared for the role by watching Alec Guinness. and the Jedi Council reluctantly allows Anakin to become Obi-Wan's apprentice. Queen Amidala presents a gift of appreciation and friendship to the Gungan people. using his skills with the Force to destroy it. who portrayed the elderly Obi-Wan. Lucas originally envisioned an American actor in the role. because he considered Neeson to have great skills and presence."[2] • Ewan McGregor as Obi-Wan Kenobi: Qui-Gon's young Jedi Padawan apprentice. who has got the qualities of strength that the character demands. the other "Queen" having been a decoy for her own protection. Anakin commandeers a vacant starfighter and joins the dogfight against the Federation droid control ship in space. who is Irish." Portman was chosen specially . with production notes stating that "The role required a young woman who could be believable as the ruler of that planet. 268 Cast • Liam Neeson as Qui-Gon Jinn: A Jedi Master and mentor to Obi-Wan. Over 200 actresses [3] were auditioned for the role. At a grand ceremony. encounter Darth Maul once more and engage him in a two-on-one lightsaber duel. Amidala hopes to protect her planet from Skywalker a blockade brought on by the Trade Federation. in both the original Star Wars trilogy and Guinness' early work. Obi-Wan is bestowed the rank of Jedi Knight. meanwhile. despite the protests of the council. but Obi-Wan manages to kill the Sith apprentice. which deactivates the entire droid army. which would risk him turning to the dark side of the Force. While the inept Jar Jar leads his people in a battle against the droid army and the Queen moves in to capture Viceroy Gunray in Qui-Gon and Obi-Wan duel against Darth Maul. who the other actors will look up to. She indeed pushes such a vote. Senator Palpatine of Naboo convinces the Queen to move for a vote of no confidence in the Supreme Chancellor so they can vote for a new. Qui-Gon.

A puppeteer — dressed in a color close to the one seen in the background. More than 3.[8] Pernilla August as Shmi Skywalker: Anakin's mother. which impressed Lucas. he lacks a metal covering in this film. I think it will be good for young women to see a strong woman of action who is also smart and a leader.[12] • Hugh Quarshie as Captain Panaka: Queen Amidala's chief of security at Theed Palace.[5] They included child actors Michael Angarano. Anthony Daniels voices C-3PO: A protocol droid built by Anakin. and lets him leave with the Jedi. with his filmed performance later replaced by the computer-generated character. while Daniels read his lines off-camera.[5] • Ian McDiarmid as Palpatine/Darth Sidious: The Senator of Naboo. She is concerned for her son's future. strong. was chosen after auditioning with Liam Neeson. all of whom were interviewed by Lucas and then screen-tested with Natalie Portman.[2] but was enthused over being cast as the Queen of Naboo. similar to the Japanese puppet theater Bunraku. Trade Federation Senator Lott Dod. Lucas and McCallum were so impressed with the test tape that they gave Park the role of Maul. Watto's expressions were based on video footage of Secombe doing the voice acting. so he could be erased during post-production — manipulated a skeletal C-3PO figure attached to his front. Park was originally only a member of the stunt crew. leading him to be dubbed over. The Thai accent used by the character was chosen after Lucas and McCallum listened to various languages to pick how the Neimodians would speak.[2] He stated. Best was hired after Gurland saw him on a Stomp performance in San Francisco. exerted a lot of pressure on the bearer. exiled from his home but taken in by Qui-Gon and Obi-Wan. Silas Carson as Nute Gunray: The Viceroy of the Trade Federation who leads the invasion of Naboo and tries to force Queen Amidala to sign a treaty to legitimize the occupation. a character she expected to become a role model: "It was wonderful playing a young queen with so much power. photos of animation supervisor Rob Coleman imitating the character. although she was afraid of not being chosen due to her accent. He wandered in the set in a foam-and-latex suit and headpiece to provide reference for the actors. notable for saving Queen Amidala's ship when all other droids fail. because he had assumed that a younger actor would be play the part in the prequel films."[2] The actress was unfamiliar with Star Wars prior to being cast. and took about 15 minutes to apply. He is discovered to have a higher midi-chlorian count than any Jedi. Carson also portrays three minor characters: Jedi Master Ki-Adi-Mundi. "I was looking for someone who was young. He accompanies them throughout the film."[4] • Jake Lloyd as Anakin Skywalker: A ten-year-old slave boy from Tatooine. but after offering to also voice the character. Justin Berfield. which R2-D2 refers to as being "naked". With a design that was an amalgalm of various rejected ideas.[9] Ray Park and Peter Serafinowicz as Darth Maul: A young Zabrak Sith apprentice to Darth Sidious who uses a double-bladed lightsaber.[13] .[6] The field narrowed to three actors.[11] Carson got the role because another actor was uncomfortable with the costumes 269 • • • • used by the Trade Federation characters — which were hot.[9] Best • frequently improvised movements to make Jar Jar as clumsy and comedic as possible.[9] He was voiced by Peter Serafinowicz.[8] and originally was just going to provide motion capturing.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' for her performances in The Professional (1994) and Beautiful Girls (1996). But his voice was considered "too squeaky". along the lines of Leia [and] Natalie embodied all those traits and more. McDiarmid was surprised when Lucas approached him 16 years after Return of the Jedi to reprise the role of Palpatine. was accepted. A martial arts champion with experience in gymnastics and swordfighting. • Andy Secombe voices Watto: A junk dealer on Tatooine who owns Anakin and his mother as slaves. and modeler Steve Alpin saying Watto's lines to the mirror. who is eventually elected Chancellor of the Republic.[8] [10] Kenny Baker as R2-D2: An astromech droid.[8] and stunt coordinator Nick Gillard filmed Park to demonstrate how he envisioned the lightsaber battles. and is therefore exceptionally gifted in the Force. August.000 young actors auditioned for the role of Anakin Skywalker through North America and the United Kingdom. and Haley Joel Osment. a veteran of Swedish cinema. and an ill-fated pilot (which was the role Carson originally auditioned for).[7] • Ahmed Best as the voice of Jar Jar Binks: A clumsy Gungan.

he was approached by cast director Robin Gurland to play Windu. George Lucas reportedly realized that the story he had written was too vast in scope to be covered in one stand-alone film.[24] While writing the first sequel. The actors were filmed wearing make-up and blue bodysuits. the idea of prequels continued to fascinate him.[18] and a fun role to play. • Brian Blessed voices Boss Nass: The leader of the Gungan tribe who allies with the Naboo and defeats the Trade Federation.[21] 270 Production Writing During the process of writing the original Star Wars. Seeing that .[26] By the time of the final film of the trilogy. the original film was meant to be the introduction to a much wider story arc that could be covered by sequels if the first film turned out to be successful. The Empire Strikes Back. who bore a striking resemblance to Natalie Portman.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' • Lewis MacLeod voices Sebulba: An aggressive.[8] • Terence Stamp as Supreme Chancellor Finis Valorum: The current Chancellor who commissions Obi-Wan and Qui-Gon to negotiate with the Trade Federation Viceroy. George Lucas had no desire to return to Star Wars. so their heads would be joined in a computer-generated body. Lucas considered different directions in which to take the story. Sebulba's design was described by Lucas as "a spider crossed with an orangutan crossed with a sloth".[18] Blessed described Nass as a "reluctant hero". and thus.[15] • Frank Oz as the voice of Yoda: The centuries old leader of the Jedi Council who is apprehensive about allowing Anakin to be trained.[17] for which he was considered "too loud". the Governor of Naboo. from being the first movie in the sequence. Jackson as Mace Windu: A member of the Jedi Council who also opposes the idea of training Anakin. The Queen's costumes were specifically designed to hide any height and shape differences between Knightley and Portman.[19] • Greg Proops and Scott Capurro voice Fode and Beed. Yoda was mostly portrayed as a puppet designed by Nick Dudman. with Oz controlling the mouth and other parts controlled by the puppeteers using remote controls. However. Vader became a tragic character and was ultimately redeemed. and developed a backstory depicting Vader as having once been Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker. Blessed originally auditioned for Sio Bibble. Star Wars saw a resurgence in popularity in the wake of Dark Horse's comic line and Timothy Zahn's trilogy of novels. Knightley's role was kept quiet by The Phantom Menace's marketing department in order to heighten the surprise of there being a decoy Queen when the film was released.[28] In the early 1990s.[16] • Samuel L. He had also by that point developed a fairly elaborate back-story to aid his writing process. to a film actually belonging to the second trilogy in the saga. Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. and clothing inspired by medieval armor. based on Stuart Freeborn's original design. The original movie eventually evolved. The visual effects crew did not like the original results. renaming the film from "Episode II" to "Episode V". the two headed announcer of the Boonta's Eve Race. He turned the villain Darth Vader into the father of hero Luke Skywalker. Lucas decided that the series would be a trilogy. But since Lucas had developed most of the backstory. and had unofficially canceled his Sequel Trilogy by the time of Return of the Jedi.[20] • Keira Knightley as Sabé: Queen Amidala's body double and decoy. After Jackson expressed interest in appearing in a Star Wars film.[27] After losing much of his fortune in a divorce settlement in 1987. so much so that Portman's mother could not distinguish between the two on set. The role was originally going to be filled by a stand-in.[9] A computer-generated Yoda is featured in two distant shots and Warwick Davis portrays him in the scene in which Obi-Wan becomes a Jedi Knight.[25] With this new backstory in place. scheming Podracer and rival of Anakin.[14] with a camel-like face. and ended up crafting Fode and Beed as an entirely computer generated alien. Lucas stated that he was "burned out" and would take a break from the series. until casting director Robin Gurland came across Knightley. a powerful warrior who was swayed to the dark side of the Force.[22] [23] By the time of the third draft Lucas had negotiated a contract that gave him rights to make two sequels.

[34] Lucas later referred to Jedi as being "negotiators".[31] While the working title for the film was The Beginning. rather than high-casualty soldiers. and that the series would be a tragic one examining Anakin's turn to the dark side. backstory. The preference of hand-to-hand combat was intended to give a more spiritual and intellectual role to the Jedi. production was able to leave Tunisia on the exact day originally planned. With a quick rescheduling to allow for repairs.[31] The screenplay for Star Wars was adapted from Lucas' 15-page outline that was written in 1976. with additional location shooting in the Tunisian desert for the Tatooine scenes and the Italian Caserta Palace for the Theed City Naboo Palace interior. 1994. The early outline was originally designed to help Lucas track the character backstories and what events had taken place before the original trilogy. and with the explosion of CGI technology. with inspiration from various cultures around the globe. George Lucas considered returning to directing. a reference to Palpatine hiding his true identity as an evil Sith Lord behind the facade of a well-intentioned public servant. On the night following the third day of shooting in Tozeur. Doug Chiang and his design team started a two-year process of reviewing thousands of designs for the film. such as kendo and other kenjutsu styles.[32] 271 Filming Within three to four months of Lucas beginning the writing process. from a "filling-in" of history.[33] Stunt coordinator Nick Gillard was recruited to create a new Jedi fighting style for the prequel trilogy. in Variety among other sources." Because of their short-range weapons. All future films would be shot using Sony CineAlta high-definition video cameras. While training Liam Neeson and Ewan McGregor.[35] Filming began on June 26. that he would be making the prequels. 1997 and ended on September 30 of that year. Designer Trisha Biggar and her team created over one thousand costumes.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' there was still a large audience for his idea of a prequel trilogy. considering that the society was more sophisticated than the one depicted in the original trilogy. to the beginning of one long story that started with Anakin's childhood and ended with his death. with other swinging techniques. existing parallel or tangential to the originals. Gillard would write a sequence to be an estimated 60 seconds long. Lucas also began to change how the prequels would exist relative to the originals.[37] Remains of Mos Espa in the Tunisian desert The Phantom Menace would be the final Star Wars film to be shot on 35mm film. an unexpected sandstorm destroyed many sets and props.[31] Lucas later revealed the true title to be The Phantom Menace. This was the final step towards turning the franchise into a "saga". now indicating that Anakin Skywalker would be the main protagonist rather than Obi-Wan Kenobi.[29] By 1993 it was announced.[36] The city of Mos Espa was built in the desert outside Tozeur. He began outlining the story. such as tennis swings and tree-chopping. . primarily taking place at Leavesden Film Studios in England. meant to be among five to six sequences per fight. Gillard theorized that the Jedi would have had to develop a fighting style that merged every swordfighting style.[30] George Lucas began writing the new Star Wars trilogy on November 1.[34] Lucas also decided to make elaborate costumes. Gillard likened the lightsaber battles to a chess game "with every move being a check.

Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) and the production's British special effects department. the score of The Phantom Menace was composed and conducted by John Williams. the visual effects crew went to a jet junkyard outside Phoenix. to create their own versions for the robot. Williams tried to both reflect the innocence of his childhood. it is therefore not in film order and omits many notable cues from the film due to space restrictions of a compact disc. and more choral pieces to "capture the magical. and on-set visual effects. 1999. Nine R2-D2 models were created. and foreshadow his transformation into Darth Vader by putting slight suggestions of The Imperial March into the melody. While filming scenes with CGI characters. Visual effects supervisor John Knoll previewed 3. Williams decided to use more electronic instruments such as synthesizers to enhance the sound.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 272 Effects Up until the production of The Phantom Menace. enabling it to run and being mostly used in stage sets. temple-like feel to the epic lightsaber duel.[40] The soundtrack for the film was released by Sony Classical Records on May 4. "more mysterious and mystical and less military" than the original trilogy.[43] . and sent to Tunisia to provide reference in the film.[36] Music As with previous Star Wars installments. The voice actors were then removed and the live-action actors would perform the same scene alone. Another goal was to create computer-generated characters that could act seamlessly with live-action actors. and was mostly used in Tunisia.500 storyboards for the film. 2000. because that R2's motor drive system allowed it to drive over sand. completing the conversation. He started working in the score in October 1998. with the scene where toxic gas is released on the Jedi being the only sequence without any digital alteration. including the scenario. Knoll later recounted that on hearing the explanations of the storyboards.[41] While composing Anakin's theme. and the British studio produced a "pneumatic" R2 that was able to shift from two to three legs. New computer software was written by Knoll and his visual effects team to create certain shots in the film.[38] Lucas also used CGI to correct the physical presence of actors in certain scenes.[14] Having confronted problems with the props used to depict R2-D2 before.950 of the shots have special effects. and began recording the music with the London Voices and London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road Studios on February 10. This album featured the score restructured by the composer as a listening experience. The result was to mix original techniques with the newest digital techniques to make it difficult for the viewer to guess which technique was being used. including all of the edits and loops that were made for the sound mix. mystical force that a regular orchestra might not have been able to provide" and reflect the different atmosphere.[42] A two-disc "Ultimate Edition" was released on November 14. that even received its own music video. seven were built by ILM. 1999. many special effects in the film industry were achieved by the use of miniature models. he was unaware of any way to accomplish what he had seen.[40] One of the most notable tracks is "Duel of the Fates". Besides Jake Lloyd inside a hydraulic-controlled cockpit. and featured two wheelchair motors capable of pushing 440 pounds (198 kilograms) of weight. with Lucas accompanying him to explain what factors of the shots would be practical and what would be created through visual effects.[14] About 1.[39] To research for the podrace vehicles. The set features almost the entire score as it is heard in the film. although other films had made extensive use of computer-generated imagery (CGI). Lucas would block the characters using their corresponding voice actor on-set. A CGI character would later be added into the shot. and scavenged for Boeing 747 engines. matte paintings.[14] Life-sized replicas of the engines were built. which uses the chorus introduced to give a religious. one was for actor Kenny Baker to be dropped into. the entire podracing scene is computer-generated. Lucas allowed two companies. which the effects crew tried to design as "out of this world" as possible.

after meetings with the National Association of Theatre Owners. and they were obligated to send their payments to distributor 20th Century Fox within seven days. Drew Struzan. resulting in $293 million in lost productivity.C. the artist responsible for the Special Edition posters. a work-issues consulting firm. featuring Anakin with his shadow forming Darth Vader's silhouette. According to The Wall Street Journal. Lucas stated that the film would be released on four digital projectors on June 18. stating it was exactly what they wanted to avoid. 1999.[57] The teaser trailer was pre-released on selected screens on November 17. 1999.[49] However.[47] Queue areas formed outside cinema theaters over a month in advance of ticket sales. 1999. Gray & Christmas of Chicago. Foreshadowing his future conversion to digital cinematography.[59] The teaser poster. because it not only premiered in theaters. This was done out of fear that family theater-goers would be either unable to receive tickets or forced to pay higher prices. and the poster was unveiled on March 11.2 million full-time employees did not appear for work to attend the film.[58] A bootlegged version of the preview was leaked on the internet the same day. the Aubrey Fund for Pediatric Cancer Research at the Sloan-Kettering Hospital in New York.[46] Challenger. Lego. estimated that 2. 1999. Star Wars Celebration. the Big Brother/Sister Association of the Philadelphia premiere. 1998. 1998. 1999 to May 19.[59] and the trailer was released the following morning on the film's official website.[44] Few film studios released films during the same week as the release of The Phantom Menace. After Lucas opted for a drawn theatrical poster. some advance tickets were sold by scalpers as high as $100 apiece. Tricon Global Restaurants and PepsiCo. whereas Notting Hill fared rather well and followed The Phantom Menace closely in second place.000. was commissioned to illustrate. and there were even reports that people were paying full admission at theaters just to see the trailer. provided that there be a twelve-ticket limit per customer. which was held in Denver. . two weeks before its theatrical release Lucasfilm pushed the release date up from May 21. however. A statement said that tickets were sold at $500 apiece and that certain sections were set aside for disadvantaged children.[60] The theatrical trailer caused even more notable media hype.[61] and was aired on Entertainment Tonight and Access Hollywood. Lucasfilm agreed to allow advance ticket sales on May 12. 1999. which a distribution chief called "horrible".[56] Lucasfilm also helped the Star Wars fan club to organize a special event.[55] Promotion Lucasfilm spent $20 million in The Phantom Menace's advertising campaign. and the Children's National Medical Center in Washington D. but screened at the ShoWest Convention in Las Vegas. no honor passes were allowed for the first eight weeks. Lucas stated that the change was to give the fans a "head start" by allowing them to view it over the week and allowing families the chance to view it on the weekends. receipts from the Los Angeles event were donated to the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation with corporate packages available for $5.[50] As a result. so many workers announced plans to view premiere screenings that many companies shut down on the opening day. with the releases of The Love Letter and Notting Hill respectively. with the servers becoming gridlocked soon after. 1999.[53] Eleven charity premieres were staged across the United States on May 16.000–$25. Tickets were instead to be sold on a traditional first-come-first-served basis. among them were DreamWorks and Universal Studios. Colorado between April 30 and May 2.[52] Despite worries about whether the film would be finished in time. Lucasfilm dictated that. The company also made licensing deals for promotion with Hasbro.[45] The Love Letter resulted in a box-office flop.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 273 Release The release of the first new Star Wars film in 16 years was accompanied by a considerable amount of hype.[51] Daily Variety reported that theater owners received strict instructions from Lucasfilm that the film could only play in the cinema's largest auditorium for the first 8–12 weeks. was released on November 10. At the ShoWest Convention.[54] Other charity premieres included the Dallas premiere for Children's Medical Center.[48] More theater lines appeared when it was announced that cinemas were not allowed to sell tickets in advance until two weeks into the release.

it could not be modified in any way. 500. it was announced that all six films in the series will be stereo converted to 3D. and includes a special documentary featuring George Lucas discussing why they were omitted. and other than the text. a standard pan-and-scan and a Collector's Edition widescreen.[73] Deleted scenes Lucas eliminated some scenes which he felt improve the film. who accuses him of cheating. Some aspects of the scripting were criticized.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' contractually.[74] These scenes are: • "The Waterfall Sequence" in which Qui-Gon. • "Anakin's Scuffle with Greedo" in which Anakin gets into a fight with a young Greedo.[70] A LaserDisc version of The Phantom Menace was also released in Japan. and a number of documentaries. 2001. 2008.[76] Reaction Critical reception The Phantom Menace received generally positive reviews from film critics.[71] The Star Wars films are scheduled to be released on Blu-ray Disc in 2011.[69] The DVD version was re-released in a prequel trilogy box set on November 4. 2011. with 2. [75] 3D Re-release On September 28. Obi-Wan and Jar-Jar have to escape their sub before it goes over a waterfall.2 million copies sold in its first week after release.000.[66] The official novelization of the film was written by Terry Brooks. especially the character of Jar Jar Binks. The DVD version of the film had certain scenes and other elements edited and inserted by George Lucas.[64] a four-part comic book adaptation by Dark Horse Comics. who met with Lucas before writing the book and received his approval and guidance.[63] a pinball machine by Williams. who was regarded by many members of the older fan community as purely a merchandising opportunity rather than a serious character in . • Various parts of the podrace which starts with the morning of the podrace where Padmé awakens Anakin. including a full-length documentary entitled "The Beginning: Making Episode I". It received a rating of 62% from Rotten Tomatoes with an average rating of 5.[67] 274 Home video Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace was released on VHS on April 4.9/10. making it slightly different from its theatrical release while retaining an identical plot. several months before it was available on DVD in the US. Struzan's illustration was the only art the foreign distributors could use. In its first two days of availability. such as a LucasArts video game for the PlayStation and PC. including information about impending developments in the following two installments of the series. 2000. on October 16. a commentary track featuring among others Lucas and producer Rick McCallum. the release was announced for September 2011 in three different editions. Among the special features are seven deleted scenes completed specifically for the DVD. 2010.[65] and a junior novelization by Scholastic.[68] Later it became the first Star Wars film to be officially released on DVD. The Phantom Menace became the fastest selling DVD ever in the US.[77] making it the lowest rated Star Wars film of the original and prequel trilogy. The films will re-release in chronological order beginning with The Phantom Menace in late 2012. in two different versions. the regular version sold 4. and later introduce the racers or the actual race.[62] Many tie-in adaptations were released.[72] On January 6.5 million copies and the limited edition. Brooks also wrote three chapters of unique material.

" [81] In defense of the character. Lucas has categorically denied all of these implications.'"[95] After the release of the film. He felt as a result of bearing the weight of setting up the entire saga." and stating that "Lucas tells a good story". many others praised The Phantom Menace.[78] however. notably: the oafish. with the release of Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones. a comic-relief character who's frankly not funny. and Darth Maul — showcasing astounding choreography and Ray Park's martial arts skills — is a high point. even if its ways are mysterious: their bodily cells have a heavier than usual concentration of 'midi-chlorians. animator Rob Coleman admitted that he viewed footage of Alec Guinness as Fagin in Oliver Twist to inspire his animators in creating Watto. He also felt "it's well made and entertaining" and believed it was much better than similar box office fare released around that year.[88] David Cornelius of efilmcritic.[97] Jar Jar Binks was described by one critic as "Servile and cowardly. "The Phantom Menace was probably the most overhyped motion picture of the last decade (if not longer). calling it "an astonishing achievement in imaginative filmmaking. The Phantom Menace was rated by Entertainment Weekly as one of "The 25 Worst Sequels Ever Made". .[91] James Berardinelli would later note. saying "it built expectations that can't possibly be matched and scuttled element of storytelling surprise".. and its reputation suffered as a result of its inability to satisfy unreasonable expectations. and one of the best lightsaber duels in the entire Star Wars saga .. agreed that the massive hype of the film caused much of the negative reaction. The gifts that the Jedi masters enjoy have a perfectly plausible scientific basis.[83] In 2002. Obi-Wan. despite the negative criticisms leveled at the film. Comcast ranked the film as the worst movie sequel of all time." [85] However. He also criticized the American media for using fan opinions from the Internet as a reliable source for their news stories.[78] [79] [80] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times described Binks as "a major miscue.com remarked that the better moments of the film "don't merely balance out the weaker ones — they topple them. "Anathema to Star Wars fanatics who thought they reduced the Force to a kind of viral infection."[94] Religion expert John D.[82] although the Binks character was widely derided by fans and critics alike.[96] the greedy and corrupt Neimoidians of the Trade Federation spoke with East Asian accents."[89] Mark Dinning labeled The Phantom Menace "A great work from a great director. Film historian Daniel Dinello notes. observed that the entire Gungan people seem oddly suggestive of a primitive African tribe: 275 . and the unprincipled desert trader Watto has been interpreted as a Fagin-esque Jewish or Italian stereotype.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' the film. midi-chlorians provide a biological interface. "In the 'Gospel according to Lucas' a world is conjured up in which the intractable oppositions that have tormented religious thinkers for centuries are reconciled. the link between physical bodies and spiritual energy. Roger Ebert gave it three and a half out of four stars. Ebert also commented that it was perfectly fine for the characters being a bit less compelling. and stating to "give me transparent underwater cities and vast hollow senatorial spheres any day."[84] One critic observed that. Many fans and critics also agree that the lightsaber duel between Qui-Gon.[93] The introduction of midi-chlorians (microscopic organisms that allow communication with the Force) in the film has been controversial among fans.[87] and Susan Wloszczyna of USA Today thought the movie did "plenty right". such as The Mummy and The Matrix.a black minstrel-ish stereotype on par with Stepin Fetchit. Caputo adds.[90] Similarly. professor of African-American studies at Georgetown University. there was controversy over whether several alien characters reflected racial stereotypes. including the characters of Darth Maul and Watto. seeing that they were just being introduced."[92] William Arnold. it seemed "kind of flat.."[85] Michael Eric Dyson. and a blockbuster of quite the most swashbuckling kind". Ewan McGregor said that in retrospect The Phantom Menace slightly lacked some of the "humor and color" of the forthcoming prequels. Nevertheless. of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer."[86] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly complimented Liam Neeson's performance and the action scenes.. "Perhaps the absolute creative freedom director George Lucas enjoyed while dreaming up the flick's 'comic' relief — with no studio execs and not many an independently minded actor involved — is a path to the dark side. Those against it have seen it as a concept that negates the spiritual quality of the Force. George Lucas stated that the Star Wars films are for children. slow-witted Jar Jar Binks had long droopy ears reminiscent of dreadlocks and spoke with what many perceived as a Caribbean patois (particularly Jamaican Creole).

It broke The Lost World: Jurassic Park's records for the largest single-day gross with more than $28 million in the opening day (surpassed in 2001 by Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone). Worst Director. the BAFTAs in Visual Effects and Sound."[83] 276 Box office performance Despite its mixed critical reception. yin and yang. Worst Supporting Actress (Sofia Coppola as Saché).9 million). earning more than $431 million in North America and $493 million elsewhere.[109] Historical and cultural allusions Like previous Star Wars films.[102] In contrast.9 million). The Phantom Menace was a major financial success. nominations. Worst Screenplay. In Taoist philosophy. The name "Qui-Gon" adapts the term Qigong.4 million). The Way is understood to have two sides.9 million).[105] and a Young Artist Award for Jake Lloyd's performance. France and Algeria ($43 million).[98] It also became the fastest movie to reach the $200 million and $300 million mark.[100] International grosses which exceeded $10 million included Australia ($25. Germany ($53. Italy ($12. referring to the energy thought to flow through all living things from the source of all chi (or power) which is "The Way" or "The Tao" in Chinese philosophy.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' "The leader of Jar Jar's tribe is a fat. Best Visual Effects.[103] The film won Saturn Awards for Best Costumes and Best Special Effects. The Phantom Menace makes several references to both historical events and films from George Lucas' youth. among others. and Best Sound.[108] Empire ranked The Phantom Menace 449th in a 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time. Spain ($25 million).9 million). and the United Kingdom and Ireland ($81. Worst Screen Couple (Jake Lloyd and Natalie Portman).[104] the MTV Movie Award for Best Action Scene. bumbling buffoon with a rumbling voice.[106] It was also nominated for.[107] and the Grammy Award for Best Soundtrack. Brazil ($10.[110] The Jedi practice Zen-like mind training and martial arts. Unlike Chinese .9 million). Worst Supporting Actor (Jake Lloyd as Anakin). Mexico ($12 million). the film received several Golden Raspberry. and fastest to $100 million gross in five days (surpassed in 2002 by Spider-Man). and won the Worst Supporting Actor category with Jar Jar Binks actor Ahmed Best. surpassing Independence Day and Titanic respectively. as did the ancient Japanese Samurai warriors. The words ki (Japanese) and Ch'i (Chinese) are The face of Darth Maul drew upon depictions of the Devil. losing all three to The Matrix.[99] The Phantom Menace was 1999's most successful film.[99] The worldwide total of $924 million makes it the fourteenth highest grossing film of all time. as well as the most financially successful Star Wars film in the saga when not adjusted for inflation of ticket prices. Japan ($109. translations of the Indian term "Prana". breaking many box office records in its debut. or Razzie. and he seems to be a caricature of a stereotypical African tribal chieftain. health and combat. The Star Wars movies typically mix several selected concepts from different mythologies and religions together.[101] Awards The Phantom Menace was nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Sound Effects. which refers to a Chinese discipline involving meditation and the cultivation of an unseen force "Chi" or "Qi" for healing. These included Worst Picture.

com. html). starwars. "Ready.com. starwars.film & TV. [9] Daly.. [13] "Watto's Character Development — From Concept to CG" (http:/ / web. html) on 2004-10-23. in keeping with her status and character. . Glow" (http:/ / www.9171. ew. com/ episode-i/ bts/ production/ f19990501/ indexp5. archive. 1999-05-01. [12] "Silas Carson: Hero with a Thousand Faces" (http:/ / web. Retrieved 2009-04-05. starwars. html). [8] "Star Wars Episode I Production Notes: The Actors and Characters — Part II" (http:/ / web. [5] 3000 Anakins DVD Special Featurette. Tiscali. the ancient Persian philosophy of Zurvanism taught that the dualism of dark and light forces are locked in eternal battle while at the same time being two sides (or evolutes) of the same "Force". Star Wars Insider (83).. where yin and yang are not moral qualities. 2002-05-30. org/ web/ 20071112000442/ www. starwars. html). [3] (Bowen 2005. co. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2007-09-12. com/ episode-i/ bts/ production/ f19991102/ index. 3) [4] "Return of the galaxy's new beauty" (http:/ / www. [14] Corliss.[110] The Star Wars film cycle features a similar religious narrative involving Anakin Skywalker. Retrieved 2009-04-05. html). 2002. StarWars. [10] "The Man (Literally) Behind C-3PO" (http:/ / web. com/ episode-i/ bts/ production/ f19991102/ index. Set.. . uk/ entertainment/ film/ biographies/ haley_joel_osment_biog/ 2). org/ web/ 20041023023458/ http:/ / www. time. "Behind the scenes of The Phantom Menace" (http:/ / www. whose design draws heavily from traditional depictions of the Christian Devil. archive. html) on 2005-04-18.990819-3. starwars. tiscali. Retrieved 2009-04-24. com/ movies/ ?id=starwars. has a number of highly formal outfits . Time. . . com/ episode-iii/ bts/ profile/ beacon134. html). org/ web/ 20071102150746/ www. StarWars. org/ web/ 20041023023636/ www. 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com/title/tt0120915/) at the Internet Movie Database • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.com/movies/episode-i/) at StarWars.starwars.rottentomatoes.com/movies/episode-i/) • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.metacritic.allmovie.htm) at Box Office Mojo • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.boxofficemojo.com/m/ star_wars_episode_i_the_phantom_menace/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.starwars.com/film/titles/starwarsi) at Metacritic • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.starwars.com/movies/?id=starwars.imdb.com/) .com/work/179455) at Allmovie • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (http://www.''Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace'' 281 External links • Official website (http://www.com (http://www.

Jackson Robert Forster Robert De Niro Michael Keaton Bridget Fonda Screenplay by Story by Starring Cinematography Guillermo Navarro Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue Sally Menke A Band Apart Lawrence Bender Productions Miramax Films December 25.673.162 [1] .''Jackie Brown (film)'' 282 Jackie Brown (film) Jackie Brown Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Elmore Leonard Richard N. 1997 154 minutes United States English $12 million $72. Gladstein Bob Weinstein Harvey Weinstein Quentin Tarantino Elmore Leonard (novel) Pam Grier Samuel L.

There are a number of hints during the movie given by Cherry in his dialogue with Jackie about why he makes the choice he makes. finally leading him to shoot and kill her while making their escape after she smarts off one too many times. Jackie plans to deceive them both with the help of Cherry in order to keep the $500. Ordell arrives at Jackie's house intending to murder her. where Jackie is said to be frightened and waiting to hand over his money.000 of Ordell's money. 283 Plot Living in the Los Angeles area in 1995. In a large shopping mall near Los Angeles (the real Del Amo Fashion Center. Max is tempted. Ordell employs a woman he lives with.000 and leaves the rest behind in the dressing room for Max to pick up. a suspicious Ordell kills his friend Louis. Later that night. during which Nicolette could observe the operation. Robert Forster. the job enables her to smuggle money from Mexico into the United States for Ordell Robbie (Samuel L. Bridget Fonda and Michael Keaton. unaware that Jackie and Ordell plan to double cross them by diverting the actual money before the authorities make an arrest. Samuel L. Her real intention is to swap bags there with Melanie and Louis. Sheronda (Lisa Gay Hamilton). Ordell arranges her bail. Jackie barters a deal with Ordell whereby she will pretend to help the authorities while still managing to smuggle $500. It is an adaptation of the novel Rum Punch by American novelist Elmore Leonard and pays homage to 1970's blaxploitation films.''Jackie Brown (film)'' Jackie Brown is a 1997 American crime film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. Melanie gets on Louis' nerves more and more. Jackie Brown revitalized both actors' careers. plus his friend. Ordell arranges for his bail with bondsman Max Cherry (Robert Forster) and promptly leads Livingston to his death. Jackson. having been told by Louis that he spotted Max in the store before the pickup. a gun runner under the close watch of the ATF. and in anger. enough to allow him to retire. Sensing that Jackie may be just as likely to inform as Livingston had been. She initially refuses to deal with Nicolette and Dargus. Then Ordell realizes that it was Jackie who took his money. Jackie yells out that Ordell has a gun and he is shot by Nicolette. Jackie buys a new suit and enters a dressing room. After a trial run. Nicolette and Dargus arrange a sting to catch Ordell. clearly in love with her as they kiss. With Jackie's help. the latest step down for her career.000 in the bag (Melanie having kept $10. and Jackson and Grier were nominated for Golden Globe Awards. Ordell arrives armed and dangerous. Max Cherry arrives to pick her up and. Instead. He is also concerned about the involvement of Max Cherry.000 for herself after being tricked into doing so by Jackie). In the clear with the law and in possession of the money. Despite the low pay. Beaumont Livingston (Chris Tucker). Fearing that Livingston will become an informant in order to avoid jail time.000 under Nicolette's nose. Unbeknownst to the others. offers to buy her a drink and help determine her legal options. a former cellmate. Louis Gara (Robert De Niro). Some include Max's wanting to get out of the bail . only partly masking his physical attraction. It was Tarantino's third film following his successes with Reservoir Dogs (1992) and Pulp Fiction (1994). Jackie then feigns despair as she calls Nicolette and Dargus out from hiding and claims Melanie took all the money and ran. He also uses a naïve Southern girl. supposedly passing off the $500. Jackson). The film stars Pam Grier. Jackie Brown (Pam Grier) is a flight attendant for a small Mexican airline. Ordell discovers that Louis has only $40. she gives Melanie only $50. But he declines to go with Jackie for reasons that the audience are left to interpret for themselves. who was hidden in another room. so is sent to jail on possession of drugs with intent to sell. But using a gun she surreptitiously borrows from Cherry. The film garnered Forster an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Jackie decides to go away for a while and invites Max to go along. To carry out this plan. In the parking lot. ATF agent Ray Nicolette (Michael Keaton) and LAPD detective Mark Dargus (Michael Bowen) intercept Jackie as she arrives in the United States with Ordell's cash and some cocaine that Brown was unaware was stashed along with the cash. Acting on information Livingston had indeed shared. Ordell learns that another of his workers.000 for herself. which is portrayed as it exists in the film). "my little blond surfer girl" Melanie Ralston (Bridget Fonda). Robert De Niro. has been arrested. Lured back to Max's office. the stage is set for the actual event. Grier and Forster were both veteran actors but neither had performed a leading role in many years.

as did Samuel L.''Jackie Brown (film)'' bond business and find something else to do to being too old to start a new adventure in life ("I'm just tired in general." [2] ). Grier for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy. as Winston Hattie Winston as Simone Sid Haig as Judge Denise Crosby (uncredited) as Public defender Quentin Tarantino (uncredited) as Answering machine voice Production Tarantino changed the race of the main character of Leonard's novel from white to black. Jackson's character also says "Pay attention because this concerns you. some of the background music is lifted from these films. Forster was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. in which she had made several films. in which Dustin Hoffman passes wearily through LAX past white tiles to a somber "The Sound of Silence" by Simon and Garfunkel soundtrack. The film's opening sequence is similar to that of The Graduate. Grier walks past the same spot to a soaring soul music song. 284 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Pam Grier as Jackie Brown Samuel L. Jackson. who received critical praise for their performances. The typeface for the film's opening titles was also used for those of Foxy Brown. Tarantino has alluded to Jackie Brown in later films.. Grier and Jackson were nominated for a Golden Globe.. The film's poster resembles those of Grier's films Coffy and Foxy Brown and includes quotes from both films. Reception Jackie Brown received a positive critical reception and a score of 85% on Rotten Tomatoes. Jackson as Ordell Robbie Robert De Niro as Louis Gara Michael Keaton as Ray Nicolette Bridget Fonda as Melanie Ralston Robert Forster as Max Cherry Michael Bowen as Mark Dargus Chris Tucker as Beaumont Livingston Lisa Gay Hamilton as Sheronda Tommy "Tiny" Lister Jr. Across 110th Street by Bobby Womack.. but his reasons for turning down a woman he is obviously in love with remain intentionally ambiguous at the film's closing." which is also said by Hannah's character in Kill Bill.[3] Roger Ebert rated the film as one of his favorites of 1997. also based on an Elmore Leonard novel. The Acuna Boys are also mentioned in the Death Proof portion of Grindhouse. Jackson for Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy. which is from the film of the same name that was a part of the same basic "blaxploitation" genre as that of Foxy Brown and Coffy. The film helped revive the careers of Grier and Forster. In Jackie Brown. such as Black Mama. Pam Grier was cast partly due to her involvement with the blaxploitation genre. The gang that Esteban Vihaio runs in Kill Bill is the Acuna Boys. White Mama. Jackie Brown alludes to Grier's career in many ways. Later references to Jackie Brown Michael Keaton reprised his role as Ray Nicolette in Steven Soderbergh's film Out of Sight. a name that originally appeared on a cup on Sheronda's tray when Jackie first meets her at the mall. .

the-numbers. written reviews and articles and filmographies. Siskel and Ebert's review of the movie. August 26. instead. Rotten Tomatoes. and on the back of that. it was actually shot with a 1. DVD The Special Edition DVD. A number of songs used in the movie do not appear on the soundtrack. one of Grier. TV spots and theatrical trailers. was released on December 9. the other of Forster. com/ movies/ 1997/ JACKI.com/movies/?id=jackiebrown. Retrieved 26 August 2009. Wednesday. Pictures" (http:/ / www. Tarantino used music from various genres. com/ scripts/ jackiebrown.allmovie. The box also includes a mini-poster of the film. 2009. entitled Jackie Brown: Music from the Miramax Motion Picture. can be heard throughout the film. an hour-long retrospective interview. released by Buena Vista in 2002 includes an introduction from Tarantino. The original soundtrack features separate tracks with dialogue from the film. both similar to the album cover.com/title/tt0119396/) at the Internet Movie Database Jackie Brown (http://www. txt Jackie Brown script online [3] "Jackie Brown Movie Reviews. php). Coffy. and over an hour of trailers for Pam Grier and Robert Forster movies dating from the 1960s onwards. "The Man from Hollywood". godamongdirectors. There was no film score composed for Jackie Brown. Jackie Brown appearances on MTV. many deleted and alternate scenes. com/ m/ jackie_brown/ ).rottentomatoes. the only Tarantino-directed film to date shot in such a format with the exception of his segment in the film Four Rooms. similar to the one above. such as "Cissy Strut" (The Meters) and "Undun" (The Guess Who). Although the back cover of the Special Edition DVD states that the film is presented in a 2. References [1] "Jackie Brown Box Office Data" (http:/ / www. some music from Grier's earlier film.boxofficemojo. a subtitle trivia track and soundtrack chapter selection.85:1 ratio. Songs by The Delfonics and Slash's Snakepit are heard throughout the film.htm) at Box Office Mojo Jackie Brown (http://www. [2] http:/ / www.com/m/jackie_brown/) at Rotten Tomatoes . including an alternate opening title sequence. the entire "Chicks With Guns" video as seen in the movie. External links • • • • Jackie Brown (http://www.35:1 aspect ratio. . two other mini-posters.com/work/158843) at Allmovie Jackie Brown (http://www. . Retrieved 2010-03-16. Also. 1997.imdb. rottentomatoes. a half-hour making-of documentary ("How It Went Down").''Jackie Brown (film)'' 285 Soundtrack The soundtrack album for Jackie Brown.

9 million (worldwide) Running time Country Language Budget Gross revenue .S.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 286 Pulp Fiction (film) Pulp Fiction Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Quentin Tarantino Lawrence Bender Quentin Tarantino Roger Avary John Travolta Samuel L.9 million (domestic) US$212. theatrical) May 1994 (Cannes) [1] October 14. Jackson Uma Thurman Harvey Keitel Tim Roth Amanda Plummer Maria de Medeiros Ving Rhames Eric Stoltz Rosanna Arquette Christopher Walken Bruce Willis Cinematography Andrzej Sekuła Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Sally Menke Miramax Films (U.5 million US$107. 1994 (United States) 154 minutes United States English US$8.

who cowrote its screenplay with Roger Avary. is presented out of chronological sequence. It finally returns to where it began. and Foster Hirsch suggests that its "trippy fantasy landscape" characterizes it more definitively than any genre label. it revitalized the career of its leading man. eclectic dialogue. The film was nominated for seven Oscars. the same is true of sequences 2 and 6.[7] Although each storyline focuses on a different series of incidents. they connect and intersect in various ways. The picture's self-reflexivity. 2. The film is known for its rich. prizefighter Butch Coolidge is the lead of the second. Sequences 1 and 7 partially overlap and are presented from different points of view. The film's title refers to the pulp magazines and hardboiled crime novels popular during the mid-20th century. known for their graphic violence and punchy dialogue. The nature of its development. In Philip . 4. 5. Tarantino and Avary won for Best Original Screenplay. Narrative structure In keeping with writer-director Quentin Tarantino's trademark of nonlinear storytelling. Considered by some critics a black comedy. including mob kingpin Marsellus Wallace. the narrative is presented out of sequence. b—present) "The Gold Watch" "The Bonnie Situation" Epilogue—The Diner (ii) If the seven sequences were ordered chronologically. Pulp Fiction's influence has been felt in several other media. Butch. unconventional structure. 4b. Pulp Fiction is structured around three distinct but interrelated storylines—in Tarantino's conception. Considerable screen time is devoted to conversations and monologues that reveal the characters' senses of humor and perspectives on life. 7. the brooding melancholy and operatic death scenes. 6. mob hitman Vincent Vega is the lead of the first story. 2. and several other important characters. they would run: 4a. in the diner: Vincent and Jules. Pulp Fiction is self-referential from its opening moments. beginning with a title card that gives two dictionary definitions of "pulp". Prologue—The Diner (i) Prelude to "Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife" "Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife" Prelude to "The Gold Watch" (a—flashback. The film starts out with a diner hold-up staged by "Pumpkin" and "Honey Bunny". ironic mix of humor and violence. including Best Picture. Pulp Fiction joins the intersecting storylines of Los Angeles mobsters. who have stopped in for a bite. find themselves embroiled in the hold-up. There are a total of seven narrative sequences—the three primary storylines are preceded by identifying intertitles on a black screen: 1. 3. Similarly. It was also awarded the Palme d'Or at the 1994 Cannes Film Festival. marketing.[3] Critic Geoffrey O'Brien argues otherwise: "The old-time noir passions. and host of cinematic allusions and pop culture references. as in many of Tarantino's other works. small-time criminals. Considered a cultural watershed. Mia. Nicholas [5] Christopher calls it "more gangland camp than neo-noir". 1. The plot. is the lead of the third. then picks up the stories of Vincent. 7. 5. and distribution and its consequent profitability had a sweeping effect on the field of independent cinema (although it is not an independent film itself). and extensive use of homage and pastiche have led critics to describe it as a prime example of postmodern film. fringe players.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 287 Pulp Fiction is a 1994 American crime film directed by Quentin Tarantino. as did costars Samuel L.[6] Pulp Fiction is viewed as the inspiration for many later movies that adopted various elements of its style.[2] the film is also frequently labeled a "neo-noir". nonlinear storyline. A major critical and commercial success. would be altogether out of place in the crisp and brightly lit [4] wonderland that Tarantino conjures up. who received an Academy Award nomination. and a mysterious briefcase. and Vincent's fellow contract killer. John Travolta. [It is] neither neo-noir nor a parody of noir". 3. his wife. 6. Jackson and Uma Thurman. Jules. Directed in a highly stylized manner. Jules Winnfield. and underworld problem-solver Winston Wolf.

which soon involves executing Brett in dramatic fashion after Jules recites a baleful "biblical" pronouncement. passed down through generations of Coolidge men since World War I. who has transgressed against their boss. The next day. the scene breaks off and the title credits roll. After participating in a twist contest. and at his dying request Koons hid the watch in his rectum for two years in order to deliver it to Butch. Mia recounts her experience acting in a failed television pilot. Mia finds his stash of heroin in his coat pocket. [10] The "famous dance scene": Vincent Vega (John Travolta) and Mia Wallace (Uma Thurman) do the twist at Jack Rabbit Slim's. Prelude to "Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife" As Jules Winnfield (Samuel L. Vincent drops by the house of Lance (Eric Stoltz) and Jody (Rosanna Arquette) to score some high-grade heroin. They conclude their banter and "get into character". "Fox Force Five". Mistaking it for cocaine. and Butch and Vincent briefly cross paths. Before parting ways. Moments after they initiate the hold-up. While Vincent is in the bathroom. they return to the Wallace house with the trophy. she snorts it and overdoses. Jackson) drives. Mia and Vincent agree not to tell Marsellus of the incident. they administer an adrenaline shot to Mia's heart. Vincent and Jules—now inexplicably dressed in T-shirts and shorts—arrive to deliver the briefcase. They head to Jack Rabbit Slim's. startling the adult Butch out of this reverie. He is in his boxing colors—it is time for the fight he has been paid to throw. agreeing to take a dive in his upcoming match. aging prizefighter Butch Coolidge (Bruce Willis) accepts a large sum of money from Marsellus (Ving Rhames). as they did during their previous heist. .''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Parker's description. Vincent Vega (John Travolta) talks about his experiences in Europe. Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife In a virtually empty cocktail lounge. Together. He shoots up before driving over to meet Mrs. Prelude to "The Gold Watch" Television time for young Butch (Chandler Lindauer) is interrupted by the arrival of Vietnam veteran Captain Koons (Christopher Walken). a 1950s-themed restaurant staffed by lookalikes of the decade's pop icons. Mia Wallace (Uma Thurman) and take her out. Vincent says that Marsellus has asked him to escort his wife while Marsellus is out of town. The dress-suited pair are on their way to retrieve a briefcase from Brett (Frank Whaley). Butch's father died of dysentery while in a POW camp. from where he has just returned—the hash bars in Amsterdam. Vincent rushes her to Lance's house for help. A bell rings. the structural form is "an episodic narrative with circular events adding a beginning and end and allowing references to elements of each separate episode to be made throughout the narrative. They decide to rob it after realizing they could make money off the customers as well as the business. Jules tells Vincent that Marsellus had someone thrown off a fourth-floor balcony for giving his wife a foot massage.[9] 288 Plot Prologue "Pumpkin" (Tim Roth) and "Honey Bunny" (Amanda Plummer) are having breakfast in a diner."[8] Other analysts describe the structure simply as a "circular narrative". gangster Marsellus Wallace. reviving her. the French McDonald's and its "Royale with Cheese". Koons explains that he has brought a gold watch.

pauses for a snack. Marsellus arranges for the help of Winston Wolf (Harvey Keitel). at the motel where he and his girlfriend. Reprising his pseudo-biblical passage. The next morning. Vincent asks Marvin for his opinion about the "miracle". they take Marsellus to another room to rape him. Maynard (Duane Whitaker). we see "Pumpkin" and "Honey Bunny" shortly before they initiate the hold-up from the movie's first scene. he allows the two robbers to take the cash they have stolen and leave. At Jules's request. dispose of their own bloody clothes. another man (Alexis Arquette) bursts out of the bathroom and shoots wildly at them. "Honey Bunny". and change into T-shirts and shorts provided by Jimmy. their informant. so long as he never tells anyone about the rape and departs Los Angeles forever. Butch agrees and returns to pick up Fabienne on Zed's chopper. Marvin (Phil LaMarr). Butch rams Marsellus with the car. Maynard is joined by Zed (Peter Greene). trains her gun on Jules. "The Wolf" takes charge of the situation. Butch drives away but while waiting at a traffic light. Epilogue As Jules and Vincent eat breakfast in a coffee shop the discussion returns to Jules's decision to retire. As his first act of redemption. leaving a silent masked figure referred to as "the gimp" to watch a tied-up Butch. although Marsellus's men are almost certainly looking for him. The Bonnie Situation The story returns to Vincent and Jules at Brett's. Making his getaway by taxi.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 289 The Gold Watch Butch flees the arena. Butch breaks loose and knocks out the gimp. Raquel (Julia Sweeney). Fabienne (Maria de Medeiros). Only then does he notice a submachine gun on the kitchen counter. The shopowner. After a foot chase the two men land in a pawnshop. . Marsellus walks by and recognizes him. Esmarelda Villalobos (Angela Jones). but thinking he is alone. Jules calls upon the house of his friend Jimmy (Quentin Tarantino). Jules decides this is a miracle and a sign from God for him to retire as a hitman. are lying low. Jimmy's wife. As Zed is raping Marsellus on a pommel horse. He is about to flee when he decides to save Marsellus. In a brief cutaway. Marsellus informs Butch that they are even with respect to the botched fight fix. Butch readies the gun in time to kill a startled Vincent Vega exiting the bathroom. finishing the hitman's final job for his boss. Bonnie. While Vincent is in the bathroom. Jules surprises "Pumpkin" (whom he calls "Ringo"). hysterical. having won the bout. Marsellus retrieves Maynard's shotgun and shoots Zed in the groin. Butch finds the watch quickly. the hold-up commences. Jules expresses his ambivalence about his life of crime. he learns from the death-obsessed driver. from where Wolf and the owner's daughter. is due back from work soon and he is very anxious that she not encounter the scene. Vincent emerges from the restroom with his gun trained on her. ordering Jules and Vincent to clean the car. They drive the car to a junkyard. holding him at gunpoint. Butch kills Maynard with a katana. Hearing the toilet flush. missing every time before an astonished Jules and Vincent return fire. pondering how they were spared and leaving the briefcase to be returned to Marsellus. hide the body in the trunk. betting his payoff on himself at very favorable odds. "Pumpkin" demands all of the patrons' valuables. that he killed the opposing fighter. including Jules's mysterious case. Butch has double-crossed Marsellus. After they execute him. captures them at gunpoint and ties them up in a half-basement area. Forced to remove their bloodied car from the road. and accidentally shoots him in the face. then another automobile collides with his. head off to breakfast and Jules and Vincent decide to do the same. creating a Mexican standoff. He returns to his apartment to retrieve it. They drive off with one of Brett's associates. Butch discovers that she has forgotten to pack the irreplaceable watch.

and one by a third director who never materialized.[21] Financing Tarantino and his producer.[23] Jersey had a distribution and "first look" deal with Columbia TriStar.the guy's gotta go out with the big man's wife and don't touch her. there were . and Stacey Sher. exclusively credited to Tarantino. his directorial debut.[24] In February. Angela Jones."[15] In at least one case.[17] He was joined there by Avary.[25] In June. that Tarantino saw at a film festival. Michael Shamberg. Pulp Fiction appeared on a Variety list of films in preproduction at TriStar. boxer Butch Coolidge.. these genre characters and these genre situations and actually apply them to some of real life's rules and see how they unravel."[14] Tarantino explains that the idea "was basically to take like the oldest chestnuts that you've ever seen when it comes to crime stories—the oldest stories in the book... titled "Pandemonium Reigns". on the theory that it would be easier to get made than a feature.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 290 Development and production Writing The first element of what would become the Pulp Fiction screenplay was written by Roger Avary in the fall of 1990: Tarantino and Avary decided to write a short. Avary's. having characters float in and out with different weights depending on the story. He cast the lead actress.. in October 1992. The Tarantino–Avary project was provisionally titled "Black Mask". Each eventually expanded his section into a feature-length script. so the film became a trilogy. after the seminal hardboiled crime fiction magazine. I wanted him to be a bully and a jerk".. who contributed "Pandemonium Reigns" to the project and participated in its rewriting as well as the development of the new storylines that would link up with it. Tarantino also accompanied Reservoir Dogs around the European film festivals. Bender and Tarantino's newly formed production company. the Pulp Fiction script was complete.. Jersey had attempted to sign Tarantino for his next project. Tarantino returned to the notion of a trilogy film: "I got the idea of doing something that novelists get a chance to do but filmmakers don't: telling three separate stories. you've seen the story a zillion times. the studio put the script into turnaround.[18] The notion of the crimeworld "cleaner" that became the heart of the episode was inspired by a short.[13] Two scenes originally written by Avary for the True Romance screenplay. by Italian filmmaker Mario Bava. You know. the production company run by Danny DeVito.[26] There were suggestions that TriStar was resistant to backing a film featuring a heroin user.[19] The script included a couple of made-up commercial brands that would feature often in later Tarantino films: Big Kahuna burgers (a Big Kahuna soda cup appears in Reservoir Dogs) and Red Apple cigarettes. initial financing and office facilities. however. he says. brought the script to Jersey Films.[13] With work on Reservoir Dogs completed. Tarantino had in mind a specific character from a classic Hollywood crime story: "I wanted him to be basically like Ralph Meeker as Mike Hammer in Aldrich's Kiss Me Deadly [1955].. But they quickly realized that nobody produces shorts.[20] As he worked on the script. TriStar chief Mike Medavoy found it "too demented". Curdled. "Part of the trick is to take these movie characters. Released in the U. Jersey got a share of the project and the right to shop the script to a studio.[24] According to a studio executive. You know. one by Avary. 'Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife'—the oldest story about. were incorporated into the opening of "The Bonnie Situation": the "miraculous" missed shots by the hidden gunman and the rear seat automobile killing. which paid Tarantino for the right to consider exercising its option.[11] The initial inspiration was the three-part horror anthology film Black Sabbath (1963).S."[7] "I'm using old forms of storytelling and then purposely having them run awry".. Lawrence Bender. Before even seeing Reservoir Dogs. the picture was a critical and commercial success. In January 1993.[16] Tarantino went to work on the script for Pulp Fiction in Amsterdam in March 1992.[12] Tarantino's script was produced as Reservoir Dogs. in Pulp Fiction and later backed the filmmakers' production of a feature-length version of Curdled. would form the basis for the "Gold Watch" storyline of Pulp Fiction.[22] Ultimately a development deal worth around $1 million had been struck—the deal gave A Band Apart. with one section by Tarantino.

. 'That's that!'"[28] Bender brought the script to Miramax. Someone's dead and then they're alive. virtually ensuring its profitability.[27] Avary—who was about to start shooting his own directorial debut.[37] Samuel L. Though he had recently appeared in several big-budget flops.[36] Travolta was subsequently cast in several hits including Get Shorty. but Tarantino and Jackson agreed on the Jheri-curled wig seen in the film. he was still a major overseas draw. a bartender at Marsellus's social club.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' also indications that the studio simply saw the project as too low-budget for its desired star-driven image. but Tarantino wanted Thurman after their first meeting.[30] It became the first movie that Miramax completely financed.. chose to appear in Kevin Costner's Wyatt Earp instead. was budgeted at $8. choosing not to do any big-budget films for the next three years. She took little advantage of her newfound fame.[33] 291 Cast John Travolta as Vincent Vega: Tarantino cast Travolta in Pulp Fiction only because Michael Madsen. Tarantino discussed an idea for a movie starring Travolta and Madsen as the Vega brothers.[32] The biggest star to sign on to the project was Bruce Willis. It's too long. regardless of their industry status. Uma Thurman as Mia Wallace: Miramax favored Holly Hunter or Meg Ryan for the role.[31] Helping hold costs down was the plan Bender executed to pay all the main actors the same amount per week. Jackson assumed the audition was merely a reading.[35] Travolta accepted a bargain rate for his services—sources claim either $100. On the strength of his name. the first Miramax project to get a green light after the Disney acquisition. He characterizes the studio's position: "'This is the worst thing ever written. In 2004.[34] Harvey Weinstein pushed for Daniel Day-Lewis in the part. She was nominated for the Best Supporting Actress Oscar and was launched into the celebrity A-list. encompassing the script's fundamental structure. in which he played a similar character. Bob—was instantly enthralled by the script and the company picked it up. who had a major role—Vic Vega—in Reservoir Dogs.'. Calderon appears in the movie as Paul. and his performance of the final diner scene won over Tarantino. along with his brother. So I thought. and unfilmable. Killing Zoe—has said that TriStar's objections were comprehensive. Jackson as Jules Winnfield: Tarantino had written the part with Jackson in mind.000 or $140. . Alfre Woodard and Meg Tilly were also considered. violent. the concept remains unrealized. appearing on a bed with cigarette in hand.[41] [42] She dominated most of the film's promotional material.[29] Pulp Fiction. and the John Woo blockbuster Face/Off.[39] (One reviewer took it as a "tacit comic statement about the ghettoization of blacks in movies". Harvey Weinstein—co-chairman of Miramax.[38] Jules was originally scripted with a giant afro. the formerly independent studio that had recently been acquired by Disney. Madsen was still rueing his choice over a decade later. Harvey Weinstein convinced Jackson to audition a second time.[43] Thurman would later star in Tarantino's two Kill Bill movies.)[40] Jackson received an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor. but the actor nearly lost it after his first audition was overshadowed by Paul Calderon's.5 million.000—but the film's success and his Oscar nomination as Best Actor revitalized his career. Miramax garnered $11 million for the film's worldwide rights. It makes no sense.

TriStar head Mike Medavoy preferred Johnny [48] Depp or Christian Slater. much less offered him a role in the movie. Walken had appeared in another small but pivotal role in the "Sicilian scene" in the Tarantino-written True Romance. He had used an American accent in the earlier film. I said let's go for that whole [44] look. taking a role in the modestly budgeted film "meant lowering his salary and risking his star status.[53] Rosanna Arquette as Jody: Lance's wife.. in which she plays a serial killer."[46] Willis's appearance and physical presence were crucial to Tarantino's interest in casting him: "Bruce has the look of a 50s actor."[16] Harvey Keitel as Winston Wolf or simply "The Wolf": The part was written specifically for Keitel. but most of his recent films had been box-office disappointments.. who had starred in Tarantino's Reservoir Dogs and was instrumental in getting it produced. playing Anaïs Nin. and Out of Sight. In 1993. Though Tarantino had written the part specifically with Roth in mind.[54] Grier was later cast as the lead of Tarantino's Jackie Brown..[51] Eric Stoltz as Lance: Vincent's drug dealer. Maria de Medeiros as Fabienne: Butch's girlfriend.paid off royally: Pulp Fiction not only brought Willis new respect as an actor. devoted to the Vietnam veteran's monologue about the gold watch. 292 Willis evoked one 1950s actor in particular for Tarantino: "Aldo Ray in Jacques Tourneur's Nightfall [1956]. Love would have played the role of his wife. Ving Rhames as Marsellus Wallace: Before Rhames was cast. designed by Betsy Heimann." His boxing robe.. As described by Peter Bart.[12] She had previously costarred with Thurman in Henry & June (1990).. "I want to work with Amanda in one of your films. Tarantino met the Portuguese actress while traveling with Reservoir Dogs around the European film festival circuit. "Harvey had been my favorite actor since I was 16 years old. Amanda Plummer as Yolanda or "Honey Bunny": Tarantino wrote the role for Plummer. however."[47] Keitel had played a character similarly employed as a "cleaner" in Point of No Return. Pam Grier read for the role. but Tarantino did not believe audiences would find it plausible for Lance to yell at her. In the filmmaker's words. Haig passed on the role. London one in Pulp Fiction. Roth had introduced the actress and director. but she has to have a really big gun. I can't think of any other star that has that look.[50] According to Bender. specifically to partner Roth onscreen. but the strategy."[49] Plummer followed up with director Michael Winterbottom's Butterfly Kiss. who had appeared in many classic exploitation movies of the 1970s. denies that he ever even met Cobain.[52] Tarantino. . telling Tarantino. exemplifies Tarantino's notion of [45] costume as symbolic armor.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Bruce Willis as Butch Coolidge: Willis was a major star. released a year earlier. Courtney Love later reported that Kurt Cobain was originally offered the role of Lance. if he had taken it. Con Air. but uses his natural.[55] Christopher Walken as Captain Koons: Walken appears in a single scene. Tim Roth as "Pumpkin" or "Ringo": Roth had starred in Reservoir Dogs alongside Keitel and was brought on board again. Ellen DeGeneres also read for Jody. the part was offered to Sid Haig. Rhames gave "one of the best auditions I've ever seen."[42] His acclaimed performance led to his being cast in big-budget features such as Mission Impossible. but also earned him several million dollars as a result of his gross participation.

I wanted it to look like a $20–25 million movie. The reason we use it is that it creates an almost no-grain image." The soundtrack is central.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' 293 Filming The Pulp Fiction shoot commenced on September 20."[58] The largest chunk of the budget—$150.[68] Reception Release and box office Pulp Fiction premiered in May 1994 at the Cannes Film Festival.[60] The diner sequence was shot on location in Hawthorne at the Hawthorne Grill." She contrasts the soundtrack with that of Forrest Gump. 1993. reached number 59. 'hanging'—that is resolutely apolitical. film editor Sally Menke.a startling.[67] Estella Tincknell describes how the particular combination of well-known and obscure recordings helps establish the film as a "self-consciously 'cool' text. but not. Urge Overkill's cover of the Neil Diamond song "Girl. It sounds like rock and roll spaghetti Western music. a long-discontinued General Mills cereal.[69] The film was unveiled at a midnight hour screening and caused a sensation. was released along with the film in 1994.. Fruit Brute. in length. review of the film was published on May 23 in industry trade magazine Variety.S. because of its association with surfing culture: "To me it just sounds like rock and roll.S. which also relies on period pop recordings: "[T]he version of 'the sixties' offered by Pulp Fiction.is certainly not that of the publicly recognized counter-culture featured in Forrest Gump. but is."[57] The film. generating a further wave of publicity. and pop songs. who were credited as music consultants.[65] The soundtrack album. even Morricone music. It's the closest thing we have to 50s Technicolor. Dick Dale's rendition of "Misirlou" plays during the opening credits. she says. the highest-grossing film of 1994. 'underground' pop mixed with 'classic' ballads such as Dusty Springfield's 'Son of a Preacher Man' is crucial to the film's postmodern knowingness. was shot "on 50 ASA film stock. Lovelace also appeared in the film as Laura. "[W]e had $8 million [sic]. with Quentin Tarantino instead using an eclectic assortment of surf music. rather.[41] Music No film score was composed for Pulp Fiction.[61] For the costumes.[66] The single. he insists. It's an epic in everything—in invention. bringing the picture's entire cast over. The Weinsteins "hit the beach like commandos". to the film's engagement with the "younger.."[73] From Cannes forward. the festival's top prize..000—went to creating the Jack Rabbit Slim's set. he says. which is the slowest stock they make. where it was joined by several other sets as well as the film's production offices. she reprises the role in Jackie Brown. I wanted it to look like an epic. it's lustrous. Tarantino convinced Avary to forfeit his agreed-on cowriting credit and accept a "story by" credit. in scope.[70] [71] It won the Palme d'Or. beat-heavy style of early 1960s U. massive success. in ambition. cinematically knowledgeable spectator" it solicits. . known for its Googie architecture. in everything except the price tag.[63] Before Pulp Fiction's premiere. and costume designer Betsy Heimann."[64] Some of the songs were suggested to Tarantino by his friends Chuck Kelley and Laura Lovelace. According to Tarantino. Tarantino chose surf music as the basic musical style for the film. production designer David Wasco. so the line "Written and directed by Quentin Tarantino" could be used in advertising and onscreen. rock and roll.[72] The first U.[45] Tarantino cast himself in a modest-sized role as he had in Reservoir Dogs. Todd McCarthy called Pulp Fiction a "spectacularly entertaining piece of pop culture. a more genuinely marginal form of sub-culture based around a lifestyle—surfing. a waitress. One of his pop totems.[59] It was built in a Culver City warehouse. Tarantino took his inspiration from French director Jean-Pierre Melville.. [The] use of the mono-tracked. You'll Be a Woman Soon".[56] The lead offscreen talent had all worked with Tarantino on Reservoir Dogs—cinematographer Andrzej Sekuła. Music from the Motion Picture Pulp Fiction.[62] The shoot wrapped on November 30. who believed that the clothes his characters wore were their symbolic suits of armor. also returned from the earlier film. soul. The album peaked on the Billboard 200 chart at number 21.

' You can almost feel everybody moving in their seats. shock. edging out a Sylvester Stallone vehicle."[86] Overall. a landscape of danger. into 1.5 million and about $10 million in marketing costs. cultural . making it the first "indie" film to surpass $100 million. "The movie was nothing less than a national cultural phenomenon. a top-ten bestseller. "One thing that's cool is that by breaking up the linear structure. 1994. "The writer-director appears to be straining for his effects. Pulp Fiction nourishes. of someone who's afraid of losing his reputation scrambling for any way to offend sensibilities. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times describing it as "so well-written in a scruffy." wrote Entertainment Weekly's Owen Gleiberman. especially one involving bondage harnesses and homosexual rape.[78] In terms of domestic grosses.. all of a sudden. it was the tenth biggest film of 1994. Taormina. which was in its second week and playing at more than twice as many theaters. "high on the rediscovery of how pleasurable a movie can be."[80] As MovieMaker puts it."[84] In Newsweek. "Pulp Fiction is indisputably great. Norway.."[89] Some who reviewed it in the following weeks took more exception to the predominant critical reaction than to Pulp Fiction itself. wit and blazing originality that it places him in the front ranks of American film makers. building buzz: Nottingham. and San Sebastian. as well: In Britain.'"[83] Richard Corliss of Time wrote. It's like. Reservoir Dogs had given Tarantino a reputation for glamorizing violence. The Specialist.S. 'I gotta watch this. Pulp Fiction went into general release in the United States. went one slogan. cleverly disorienting journey through a demimonde that springs entirely from Mr. Munich. it does break [the audience's] alpha state. it succeeds in gleaming like something new. David Ansen wrote. the traditional way of releasing an indie film. release. Miramax played with the issue in its marketing campaign: "You won't know the facts till you've seen the fiction". being composed of secondhand. It's actually fun to watch an audience in some ways chase after a movie. the film attained exceptionally high ratings among U.S. when I watch the film with an audience. Locarno. such as speculation about the contents of the precious briefcase. Pulp Fiction wound up grossing $107. even though it played on substantially fewer screens than any other film in the top 20. it went wide immediately.I gotta pay attention."[81] Abroad.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Tarantino was on the road continuously. reviewers: a 94% score at Rotten Tomatoes[87] and a Metascore of 94 on Metacritic."[40] "There's a special kick that comes from watching something this thrillingly alive". [He] has come up with a work of such depth. Worldwide. it did not open in a handful of theaters and roll out slowly as word of mouth built. Against its budget of $8.[79] Popular engagement with the film. box office. abets. Some sequences."[85] "You get intoxicated by it. fanzine way that you want to rub noses in it—the noses of those zombie writers who take 'screenwriting' classes that teach them the formulas for 'hit films.100 theaters. promoting the film.93 million at the U.. If good directors accept Tarantino's implicit challenge. hilarity and vibrant local color.."[76] In late September.S. but in book form its screenplay became the most successful in UK publishing history.[75] Tarantino later said. While not panning the film. it opened the New York Film Festival. Tarantino's ripe imagination. "indicates the kind of cult status that Pulp Fiction achieved almost immediately. debased parts. It dares Hollywood films to be this smart about going this far. "It towers over the year's other movies as majestically and menacingly as a gang lord at a preschool. have the uncomfortable feeling of creative desperation. not only was the film a big hit. it took in nearly $213 million. Stanley Kauffman of The New Republic felt that "the way that [it] has been so widely ravened up and drooled over verges on the disgusting. The New York Times published its review the day of the opening. wrote Peter Travers of Rolling Stone. that is."[1] In the eyes of some cultural critics. I'm not sure I've ever encountered a filmmaker who combined discipline and control with sheer wild-ass joy the way that Tarantino does. "It was not platformed.[77] Pulp Fiction was the top-grossing film at the box office its first weekend. As Peter Biskind describes. the movie theater could again be a great place to live in.[82] 294 Critical response The response of major American movie reviewers was widely favorable. where it opened a week after its U.[88] The Los Angeles Times was one of the few major news outlets to publish a negative review on the film's opening weekend.[74] Over the next few months it played in smaller festivals around Europe.."[71] On October 14. Kenneth Turan wrote. "The miracle of Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction is how. Janet Maslin called the film a "triumphant.

Gene Siskel argued that Pulp Fiction posed a major challenge to the "ossification of American movies with their brutal formulas".[98] In February 1995.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' slumming. Travolta.[102] At the British Academy Film Awards. Supporting Actor (Jackson).[103] Influence and reputation Pulp Fiction quickly came to be regarded as one of the most significant films of its era. Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader wrote. Tarantino and Avary were announced as joint winners of the Oscar for Best Original Screenplay. and Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange [1971].[94] In Britain. Violence was often the theme."[90] Responding to comparisons between Tarantino's film and the work of French New Wave director Jean-Luc Godard. And that. Donna Britt described how she was happy not to see Pulp Fiction on a recent weekend and thus avoid "discussing the rousing scene in which a gunshot sprays somebody's brains around a car interior". set the tone for much subsequent criticism: "Tarantino represents the final triumph of postmodernism. director. in a special edition of Siskel & Ebert devoted to Tarantino. Boston Society of Film Critics. "The fact that Pulp Fiction is garnering more extravagant raves than Breathless ever did tells you plenty about which kind of cultural references are regarded as more fruitful—namely. and Kansas City Film Critics Circle. most famous feature. In Siskel's view. bloated movie industry and used a world of lively lowlifes to reflect how dull other movies had become.[97] The screenplay won several prizes. and Film Editing."[91] Observing in the National Review that "[n]o film arrives with more advance hype". Original Screenplay. held at the end of the month: best feature. James Wood. Only in this age could a writer as talented as Tarantino produce artworks so vacuous. Each film shook up a tired. Society of Texas Film Critics. with various awarding bodies ascribing credit differently. Actor (Travolta). it criticizes other movies. Los Angeles Film Critics Association. In the Chicago Tribune.[93] Some commentators took exception to the movie's frequent use of the word "nigger". the ones we already have and don't wish to expand."[95] 295 Awards season Around the turn of the year. Southeastern Film Critics Association. Hitchcock's Psycho [1960]. and screenplay (Tarantino). Director. Pulp Fiction was named Best Picture by the National Society of Film Critics.. failed to mention Avary in his acceptance speech.. so entirely stripped of any politics. Tarantino. and Thurman were each nominated as well for the 1st Screen Actors Guild Awards.[92] Debate about the film spread beyond the review pages. the violent intensity of Pulp Fiction calls to mind other violent watershed films that were considered classics in their time and still are.[104] Ken Dancyger writes that its "imitative and innovative style"—like that of its predecessor. especially his first. Tarantino and Avary shared the BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay. thus avoiding its capacity to do anything except helplessly represent our agonies. At the Golden Globe Awards. writing in The Guardian..[99] At the Academy Awards ceremony the following month. Todd Boyd argued that the word's recurrence "has the ability to signify the ultimate level of hipness for white males who have historically used their perception of black masculinity as the embodiment of cool". In the Washington Post. and Jackson won for Best Supporting Actor. named as sole recipient of the Best Screenplay honor. male lead (Jackson). In 1995. Supporting Actress (Thurman). but none took home the honor. Arthur Penn's Bonnie and Clyde [1967]. will be the ultimate honor for Pulp Fiction.[100] The furor around the film was still going strong: much of the March issue of Artforum was devoted to its critical dissection. John Simon was unswayed: "titillation cures neither hollowness nor shallowness". the film received seven Oscar nominations—Best Picture.[96] Tarantino was named Best Director by all seven of those organizations as well as by the New York Film Critics Circle and Chicago Film Critics Association. Jackson. National Board of Review. Like all great films. Reservoir Dogs—represents . or moral interest. presented on February 25.[101] Pulp Fiction garnered four honors at the Independent Spirit Awards. metaphysics. which is to empty the artwork of all content. I predict.

Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole attacked the American entertainment industry for peddling "nightmares of depravity". the trajectory of Pulp Fiction from Cannes launch to commercial smash "forever altered the game" of so-called independent cinema. an "international phenomenon" that influenced television.[108] In Peter Biskind's description.[109] The stylistic influence of Pulp Fiction soon became apparent. were not the same as profits. four incorporated violent shoot-outs over a soundtrack of iconoclastic 70s pop hits. And that the parody or alteration of that film creates a new form. it "not only influenced a British brand of noir. it was identified as a significant focus of attention within the growing community of Internet users. when David Denby of The New Yorker credited it with initiating the ongoing cycle of disordered cinematic narratives.[121] Adding Pulp Fiction to his roster of "Great Movies" in 2001. According to Variety. Variety. Less than a year after the picture's release..[116] It "cemented Miramax's place as the reigning indie superpower".[107] Paula Rabinowitz expresses the general film industry opinion that Pulp Fiction "simultaneously resurrected John Travolta and film noir". they more or less gave up buying or remaking the films themselves. a different experience for the audience.[122] Four years later.[106] In September 1996. mentioned the film..copy[ing] Miramax's marketing and distribution strategies. as Disney had Miramax..[119] And its impact was even broader than that. he cited two less celebrated movies based on Tarantino screenplays.[118] In 2001."[117] The film's large financial return on its small budget transform[ed] the industry's attitude toward the lowly indies. exploding expectations for what an indie film could do at the box office.[111] and 2 Days 296 in the Valley (1996).. and advertising."[110] Among the first Hollywood films cited as its imitators were Destiny Turns on the Radio (1995). Not since Citizen Kane has one man appeared from relative obscurity to redefine the art of moviemaking. Pulp Fiction was soon associated with his charges concerning gratuitous violence. two climaxed with all the main characters shooting each other at once. and one had two hitmen discussing the idiosyncrasies of The Brady Bunch before offing their victim.[123] .[112] It "triggered a myriad of clones". Natural Born Killers and True Romance..[1] writes Biskind. music. the movie whose style is created from the context of movie life rather than real life. Dole had not. [S]mart studio executives suddenly woke up to the fact that grosses and market share. but extended the noir vision virtually around the world. literature. and either bought the distributors.[104] Things To Do in Denver When You're Dead (1995). in fact... it created a "guys-with-guns frenzy". which got all the press. suggested that the "watershed moment for movie stars" came with the decision by Willis—one of Hollywood's highest-paid performers—to appear in Pulp Fiction. Once the studios realized that they could exploit the economies of (small) scale. It has been described as a "major cultural event". Roger Ebert called it "the most influential film of the decade". according to David Desser. Dole did accuse Pulp Fiction—which he had not seen—of promoting "the romance of heroin".[115] Its impact on Hollywood was deeper still. "Pulp became the Star Wars of independents..spawning a flock of me-too classics divisions. horror films or adventure films.. The consequence is twofold—the presumption of deep knowledge on the part of the audience of those forms such as the gangster films or Westerns. in which Tarantino acted."[114] Pulp Fiction's effect on film form was still reverberating in 2007.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' a new phenomenon.[113] [120] Not long after its release.. or started their own.[105] In a widely covered speech on May 31.[113] Internationally. British critic Jon Ronson attended the National Film School's end-of-semester screenings and assessed the impact: "Out of the five student movies I watched. 1995. noting the increasing number of actors switching back and forth between expensive studio films and low-budget independent or indie-style projects. Time's Corliss wrote much the same: "(unquestionably) the most influential American movie of the 90s". writes Fiona Villella.

"[I]t kind of went somewhere else".[124] That same year.[127] The scene of Travolta and Thurman's characters Vincent and Jules Winnfield (Samuel L. Entertainment Weekly declared. by now. it was voted 94th overall on the AFI's "100 Years. Jackson) dancing has been frequently homaged.[142] Philip French describes the film's narrative as a "circular movement or Möbius strip of a kind Resnais and Robbe-Grillet would admire. a realm that Pulp Fiction makes its own. In 2008. has also become widely familiar.."[145] . The image of Travolta and Jackson's characters standing side by side in suit and tie. Both dealt heavily in the realm of improbable coincidences and cruel cosmic jokes. the American Film Institute's "Ten Top Ten" poll ranked it number 7 all-time in the gangster film genre. it is number 10 on Banksy's "famous mural" was painted in 2002 and painted over by municipal workers five years Metacritic's list of all-time highest scores. directed by Stanley Kubrick].[135] The film ranks very [132] later.[125] It was referenced more than a decade and a half later in the Travolta vehicle From Paris with Love.[133] In 2007. referring to the magazine largely responsible for popularizing hardboiled detective fiction.. it ranked as the number 3 film in history. interweaving structure of Pulp Fiction."[143] James Mottram regards crime novelist Elmore Leonard. and critics named Pulp Fiction the ninth best film of all time. it placed eleventh. it was named one of Time's "All-Time 100 Movies". in 2008. most unambiguously in the in their classic pose. with Samuel L Jackson and John Travolta clutching bananas instead of guns. as the film's primary literary antecedent."[124] Jules and Vincent's "Royale with Cheese" dialogue became famous. In 2007.[138] It was voted as the fourth greatest film of all time in a nationwide poll for Britain's Channel 4 in 2001.is essentially of two films that Tarantino can't seem to get out of his mind: Mean Streets [1973. to name a moment from Quentin Tarantino's film that isn't iconic. 2005 film Be Cool.[136] In a 2007 poll of the online film community... He suggests that Leonard's "rich dialogue" is reflected in Tarantino's "popular-culture-strewn jive".. This image represents Pulp [128] Fiction on Time's "All-Time 100 Movies" list.[137] In a 2006 readers' poll by the British magazine Total Film.100 Movies" list. The pastiche.[123] As of January 2010."[130] Jules's "Ezekiel" recitation was voted the fourth greatest movie speech of all time in a 2004 poll. the goofy fracturing of temporality [as] a patina over a pastiche."[129] Certain lines were adopted popularly as catchphrases. BBC News reported that "London transport workers have painted over an iconic mural by 'guerrilla artist' Banksy.[139] 297 Critical analysis Tarantino has stated that he originally planned "to do a Black Mask movie".[134] In 2005. "I'm 'a get medieval on your ass. Entertainment Weekly named it the best film of the past quarter-century.[140] Geoffrey O'Brien sees the result as connected "rather powerfully to a parallel pulp tradition: the tales of terror and the uncanny practiced by such writers as Cornell Woolrich [and] Fredric Brown.. starring the same two actors. the apparent witty banality of the dialogue. movie industry professionals. The image depicted a scene from Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction. in particular Marsellus's threat. whose influence Tarantino has acknowledged. A 2008 Empire poll combining the opinions of readers..."[141] In particular. "You'd be hard-pressed. he also points to the acute.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Several scenes and images from the film achieved iconic status. directed by Martin Scorsese] and The Killing [1956..[126] The adrenalin shot to Mia Wallace's heart is on Premiere's list of "100 Greatest Movie Moments".[144] Robert Kolker sees the "flourishes.[131] Pulp Fiction now appears in several critical assessments of all-time great films. O'Brien finds a strong affinity between the intricate plot mechanics and twists of Brown's novels and the recursive. highly in popular surveys.. extremely dark sense of humor Leonard applies to the realm of violence as a source of inspiration. pointing their guns.

There is no nudity and no violence directed against women. Set "in a world that could exist only in the movies".. beautifully made junk food for cinéastes". like that between Vincent and Jules in the scene where the former accidentally kills Marvin. Foster Hirsch finds Pulp Fiction far from a masterpiece: "authoritative. music out of a twenty-four-hour oldies station for which all the decades since the fifties exist simultaneously. Pulp Fiction unmasks the macho myth by making it laughable and deheroicizes the power trip glorified by standard Hollywood violence.[147] The movie's host of pop culture allusions. "the postmodern is about surfaces. influential. The film's cycle of racist and homophobic jokes might threaten to break out into a quite nasty view of the world.simply mocked or suggested that they were smarter than the audience" and flopped. "unexpectedly transforms the meaning of the violence cliché.. He characterizes its convoluted narrative technique as "postmodern tricksiness". and the director swims against the current of class stereotype. fragments of blaxploitation and Roger Corman and Shogun Assassin. violence. That's why Pulp Fiction was so popular."[155] According to Kolker. but this nastiness keeps being laughed off—by the mock intensity of the action.. an acknowledged hero of Tarantino's.and its constantly teasing and often deferential references to other films". On this model."[154] Where Stone sees a celebration. the "absurd dialogue". Describing the film in 2005 as Tarantino's "postmodern masterpiece. the prowling."[154] Stone reads the film as "politically correct. it is flattened spatiality in which event and character are in a steady state of reminding us that they are pop-cultural figures. sustaining an 'inventive and affirmative' mode of postmodernism.." He reads the movie as a form of romance whose allure is centered in the characters' nonnaturalistic discourse.. perverse. media-smart.[149] Calling the film a "terminally hip postmodern collage". there are strong women and strong black men.. Not because all audiences got all or any of its references to Scorsese and Kubrick.[153] In Alan Stone's view. but because the narrative and spatial structure of the film never threatened to go beyond themselves into signification. it is "a succulent guilty pleasure.[150] O'Brien. argues that "Pulp Fiction is more a guided tour of an infernal theme park decorated with cultural detritus. [It] celebrates interracial friendship and cultural diversity. brightly colored widescreen visuals" evoke comedy directors such as Frank Tashlin and Blake Edwards. he explains.[148] have led many critics to discuss it within the framework of postmodernism. the "expansive.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' He contrasts Pulp Fiction with postmodern Hollywood predecessors Hudson Hawk (1991. ranging from the famous image of Marilyn Monroe's skirt flying up over a subway grating to Jules addressing a soon-to-be victim as "Flock of Seagulls" because of his haircut. "If the film is actually about anything other than its own cleverness. confined. it seems dedicated to the dubious thesis that hit men are part of the human family."[151] Mark T. the referencing of previous aesthetic forms and styles moves beyond.[156] 298 ."[146] Calling it the "acme of postmodern nineties filmmaking". "American nihilism.. starring Willis) and Last Action Hero (1993.empty pastiche...[146] Todd McCarthy writes that the film's "striking widescreen compositions often contain objects in extreme close-up as well as vivid contrasts. and meaningless". simultaneously recalling and undermining the Gothic convention of the vampire's stake. confronting.to date". She proposes that it "can be seen as effecting her resurrection from the dead.. "[W]hat is the film about?" and answers. Buddy Holly and Mamie Van Doren."[152] Hirsch suggests."[4] Catherine Constable takes the moment in which a needle filled with adrenaline is plunged into the comatose Mia's heart as exemplary. "wise-guy literate.[73] To Martin Rubin. dismissing attempts to associate the movie with film noir. obscenely epigrammatic". sometimes bringing to mind the visual strategies of Sergio Leone"."[112] Richard Alleva argues that "Pulp Fiction has about as much to do with actual criminality or violence as Cyrano de Bergerac with the realities of seventeenth-century France or The Prisoner of Zenda with Balkan politics. and airless nastiness of the world Tarantino creates... Conard asks. Kolker finds a vacuum: "The postmodern insouciance. starring Arnold Schwarzenegger) that "took the joke too far. David Walker writes that it "is marked by its playful reverence for the 1950s... and racism of Pulp Fiction were perfectly acceptable because the film didn't pretend seriousness and therefore didn't mock it. homophobia.

"two sadistic honkies straight out of Deliverance" (1972). offering viewers only the immediacy of shock. in Glyn White's words. But once he was cast.' while Travolta's dance performance inevitably references 'the seventies' and his appearance in Saturday Night Fever.". It's so infectious. "inhabit a world where the entire landscape is composed of Hollywood product. We keep waiting for him to shed his paunch.. Daniel Day-Lewis couldn't have woken such a powerful longing in us. and enter the 2001 Odyssey club in Bay Ridge. and of the film: Travolta's entire career becomes "backstory". Tarantino."[158] Two scenes in particular have prompted discussion of the film's highly intertextual style. Tarantino is a cinematic kleptomaniac—he literally can't help himself. where he will dance for us and never.the twist contest is a musical sequence which evokes 'the sixties. Tony Manero [is] an angel sitting on Vince's shoulder. "he finds a trove of items with film-hero resonances". Everybody thinks that I wrote this scene just to have John Travolta dancing. And the fact that it's not a musical. My favorite musical sequences have always been in Godard..[154] Zed shares a name with Sean Connery's character in Boorman's follow-up..[163] [164] The Evil Dead II (1987)[163] ... beyond "all the better". All the better.. because they just come out of nowhere. and irony-without-insight as elements of mediation. but still resides in our memory as the king of disco.. When Butch decides to rescue Marsellus. He isn't part of America's own mad cosmology. "Tarantino's characters".[159] Jerome Charyn argues that.[163] Critics have identified these weapons with a range of possible allusions: • hammer—The Toolbox Murders (1978)[164] • baseball bat—Walking Tall (1973)."[161] She also argues that in this passage the film "briefly shifts from its habitually ironic discourse to one that references the conventions of the classic film musical and in doing so makes it possible for the film to inhabit an affective space that goes beyond stylistic allusion. put on a white polyester suit. "Great.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' Henry A. the myth of a movie star who has fallen out of favor.."[161] The pivotal moment in which Marsellus crosses the street in front of Butch's car and notices him evokes the scene in which Marion Crane's boss sees her under similar circumstances in Psycho.[162] Marsellus and Butch are soon held captive by Maynard and Zed. never stop. credits a scene in the Jean-Luc Godard film Bande à part (1964) with the inspiration. Giroux argues that Tarantino "empties violence of any critical social consequences."[157] 299 Homage as essence Cinema Pulp Fiction is full of homages to other movies.. it was like. Many have assumed that the dance sequence at Jack Rabbit Slim's was intended as a reference to Travolta's star-making performance as Tony Manero in the epochal Saturday Night Fever (1977).. makes it all the more sweet. humor.... Travolta's presence is essential to the power of the scene.. writes Gary Groth. According to the filmmaker. the science-fiction film Zardoz (1974). and we're with Tony again.[160] Estella Tincknell notes that while the "diner setting seems to be a simulacrum of a 'fifties' restaurant. [Vince and Mia's] actual dance may be closer to the choreography of Anna Karina's shuffle with her two bumbling gangster boyfriends in Bande à part. We get to see John dance. however. The 'past' thus becomes a more general 'pastness' in which the stylistic signifiers of various decades are loaded in to a single moment. but even that reference is lost to us. None of these elements gets beyond the seduction of voyeuristic gazing.[t]he facile consumption of shocking images and hallucinatory delight. Brooklyn. But the scene existed before John Travolta was cast.[163] The Untouchables (1987)[164] • chainsaw—The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974). but he's stopping the movie to have a musical sequence. directed by John Boorman..... so friendly.

"Here. and department store with a jukebox."[166] Stephen Paul Miller believes the Pulp Fiction scene goes down much easier than the one it echoes: "The buggery perpetrated is not at all as shocking as it was in Deliverance.[170] Television Robert Miklitsch argues that "Tarantino's telephilia" may be more central to the guiding sensibility of Pulp Fiction than the filmmaker's love for rock 'n' roll and even cinema: Talking about his generation. whose presence in the role evokes his performance as a traumatized G. Tarantino's love of movies is at its most open and nonjudgemental."[172] Jonathan Rosenbaum had brought TV into his analysis of the Tarantino/Godard comparison."[163] Conard argues that the first three items symbolize a nihilism that Butch is rejecting."[91] Sharon Willis focuses on the way a television show (Clutch Cargo) marks the beginning of. tipping a nod to the noble and the notorious. Green Acres.I. The nineties film reduces seventies competition. in the 1978 Vietnam War movie The Deer Hunter. "suggests that Pulp Fiction has less of an elective affinity with the cinematic avant-gardism of Godard than with mainstream network programming.[171] "The above list."[164] White asserts that "the katana he finally. library..[163] Shogun Assassin (1980)[164] At the conclusion of the scene. the name of the character who speaks it there is Maynard. arguing that "Pulp Fiction is a . The Flintstones. it's like comparing a combined museum. The traditional Japanese sword. this scene.. the scene makes a sly comment about the readiness of cinema to seize upon whatever is to hand for its moments of mayhem and murder.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' • katana (samurai sword)—many. writing." writes Miklitsch. a portentous line of Marsellus's echoes one from the 1973 crime drama Charley Varrick. The Vietnam War veteran is played by Christopher Walken.. The Three Stooges. horror.. and an issue of TV Guide.[163] [164] The Yakuza (1975). The Brady Bunch."[172] Kolker might not disagree. in contrasts. The Avengers. acknowledging that the directors were similar in wanting to cram everything they like onscreen: "But the differences between what Godard likes and what Tarantino likes and why are astronomical. film archive.[165] David Bell argues that far from going against the "current of class stereotype". and taboo into an entertainingly subtle adrenaline play—a fiction. one that came of age in the '70s."[168] In Groth's view. with the possible exception of The Avengers."[173] Miklitsch asserts that. "mobilize[s] a certain construction of poor white country folk—and particularly their sexualization.. Kung Fu. that was a Sixties thing."[167] Giroux reads the rape scene homage similarly: "in the end Tarantino's use of parody is about repetition. for some critics. Mia's fictional pilot.'rustic sexual expression often takes the form of homosexual rape' in American movies. the crucial difference is that "in Deliverance the rape created the film's central moral dilemma whereas in Pulp Fiction it was merely 'the single weirdest day of [Butch's] life.'"[169] Neil Fulwood focuses on Butch's weapon selection. Our culture was television. [T]he gray light of the television presiding over the scene seems to inscribe the ghostly paternal gaze. record shop. The Partridge Family. Moreover. including Seven Samurai (1954). we see Walken in his function as an image retrieved from a repertoire of 1970s television and movie versions of ruined masculinity in search of rehabilitation. Happy Days.. transgression. Clutch Cargo. and softening the face of violence by reducing it to the property of film history. Willis writes that "when Captain Koons enters the living room. a pulp fiction. and last but not least. and 300 significantly. a video-rental outlet.. Tarantino has commented that the "number one thing we all shared wasn't music. I Spy. the scene between young Butch and his father's comrade-in-arms. directed by another of Tarantino's heroes. like Deliverance. Fox Force Five.." A random list of the TV programs referenced in Pulp Fiction confirms his observation: Speed Racer. and plays on through.honourable heroes. selects identifies him with.. the film is a "prime example of the pernicious ooze-like influence of mass culture exemplified by their bête noire: TV. Don Siegel. as well as sending up his own reputation as an enfant terrible of movie violence.. represents a culture with a well-defined moral code and thus connects Butch with a more meaningful approach to life.

Tarantino has said that there is no explanation for its contents—it is simply a MacGuffin. that same recitation a second time. aka Gabrielle (Gaby Rodgers).the scene in Kiss Me Deadly in which Lily Carver. its homophobes.. which overlaps the end of the earlier sequence. For filming purposes."[180] The idea that the briefcase contains Marsellus's soul gained popular currency in the mid-1990s. Much valued. The first version of the passage is as follows: “ The path of the righteous man is beset on all sides by the iniquities of the selfish and the tyranny of evil men.[177] Vincent "stares. The interview resumes with Rodriguez discussing how radically the "knowledge" of the briefcase's contents alters one's understanding of the movie. the case was to contain diamonds. thugs and perverts. Blessed is he who in the name of charity and goodwill shepherds the weak through the valley of darkness. laugh. at the beginning of "The Bonnie Situation". Despite Tarantino's statements.. exterior shell. and never finally shown..[176] In a 2007 video interview with fellow director and friend Robert Rodriguez.[80] A strong similarity has often been observed with the 1955 film noir Kiss Me Deadly.. Originally. Analyzing the notion. a pure plot device. And you will know my name is the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon thee. mystified. this radiant. sentimental boxers and pimp promoters move through a series of long-take tableaux: we watch. Ezekiel 25:17. the unseen contents represent "defended. We hear the passage three times—in the introductory sequence in which Jules and Vincent reclaim Marsellus's briefcase from the doomed Brett.transfixed" into the glowing [174] case. Vincent's demeanor reinforces the allusion to. from the diner scene.[179] To Susan Fraiman. much vaunted. who wants to lose the baggage of a barricaded self. Kiss Me Deadly. Even Jules. Roger Ebert dismissed it as "nothing more than a widely distributed urban legend given false credibility by the mystique of the Net". but this was seen as too mundane. for he is truly his brother's keeper and the finder of lost children. many solutions to what one scholar calls this "unexplained postmodern puzzle" have been proposed.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' simulacrum of our daily exposure to television.. male interiority. it contained a hidden orange light bulb that produced an otherworldly glow. and remain with nothing to comprehend. features a glowing briefcase housing an atomic . before he executes someone. as specified in Tarantino's screenplay. That movie. with an intertitle that reads "Missing Reel". whose protagonist Tarantino has cited as a source for Butch. And I will strike down upon thee with great vengeance and furious anger those who attempt to poison and destroy my brothers. gazes into explosive. makes it possible to read the eerie glow as symbolic of violence itself.[181] Jules's Bible passage Jules ritually recites what he describes as a biblical passage. and a similar one with Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981).[178] In scholar Paul Gormley's view. Tarantino purportedly "reveals" the secret contents of the briefcase. ” The second version. this connection with [175] the glowing case. is identical except for the final line: "And you will know I am the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon you.."[156] 301 Notable motifs The mysterious briefcase The combination of the mysterious suitcase is 666. but the film cuts out and skips the scene in the style employed in Tarantino and Rodriguez's Grindhouse (2007). walks out of the movie clutching it still." . the "number of the beast". and in the epilogue at the diner. indefinable softness is locked within a hard.

this contrasts with the film's prevalent representation of a nihilistic culture. As Jules and Vincent confront Brett and two of his pals. he is a majestic and awe-inspiring figure. 3. 2. Vincent and Jules’s diner breakfast and philosophical conversation is aborted by an armed robbery while Vincent is reading on the toilet. Vincent emerges from the toilet with his book and is killed by Butch. proclaiming the prophecy with fury and self-righteousness. Mia mistakes his heroin for cocaine."[188] Similar to Gormley.he appears to be a different sort of man altogether.. in this case. In the second..[115] When the diner hold-up turns into a Mexican standoff. and is realized in the third instance: 1.. she brushing her teeth. the next morning. Chiba's character would lecture the villain-of-the-week about how the world must be rid of evil before killing him. Ezekiel 25:17 reads in its entirety. it dawns on him "that it refers to an objective framework of value and meaning that is absent from his life". though to a lesser extent. is a piece of jive avowedly inspired by kung-fu movies.. the hardback but pulp-style novel Vincent is shown with in two scenes. Conard argues that as Jules reflects on the passage. he in the shower. Jules is shown to be cognizant of a place beyond this simulation..[189] Rosenbaum finds much less in Jules's revelation: "[T]he spiritual awakening at the end of Pulp Fiction. and they shall know that I am the LORD. when I shall lay my vengeance upon them. "In three significant moments Vincent retires to the bathroom [and] returns to an utterly changed world where death is threatened. spouting Ezekiel because it was "just a cool thing to say. where they get into a contretemps over a bloody hand towel.''Pulp Fiction (film)'' While the final two sentences of Jules's speech are similar to the actual cited passage.. brushing her teeth. she snorts coke in the restroom. the film constructs as God. "Honey Bunny" whines. [I]n true postmodern fashion. the first two are fabricated from various biblical phrases. "And I will execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes.. In the King James version from which Jules's speech is adapted. Its text and its identification as Ezekiel 25:17 derive from an almost identical creed that appears at the beginning of the Chiba movie Karate Kiba (The Bodyguard. Gormley argues that unlike the film's other major characters—Marsellus aside—Jules is linked to a "thing" beyond postmodern simulation.[182] The text of Ezekiel 25 preceding verse 17 indicates that God's wrath is retribution for the hostility of the Philistines."[193] The threat increases in magnitude as the narrative progresses chronologically. snorts it. but it certainly doesn't leave you any wiser. a fourth man is hiding in the bathroom—his actions will lead to Jules's transformative "moment of clarity". Mia goes to "powder her nose"—literally. While Vincent is in the bathroom worrying