You are on page 1of 8

Singapore Mathematical

Society
2011

Section)

0930-1200

the letter (A, B, C, D or E) corresponding

For the other short questions, bubbles below your answer. are needed to

NOT TURN

UNTIL YOU

TOLD TO

SO.

Calculate the

sum: 1 2 _ + _ -L 2 4
I

3 8

503

505

256'

256'

2. It is known that the roots of the equation x5

+ 3x4

4044118x3

12132362x2

12132363x - 20112

(A) 1;

(B) 2;

(C) 3;

(D) 4;

(E) 5.

3. A fair dice is thrown three times. The results of the first, second and third throw are recorded as x, y and z, respectively. Suppose x

+y =

x, y and z is 2?
(A) 1.
12'

(B)~. . 8'

, 1 (D ) _.

3'

(E)

i;
13

4. Let x

"---v----'
2011 times

"---v----'
2012 times

x-

x;

x+

+75.

5.

are

Let

x=
Y

+ ... + + ... +

+ ... +

),

= (Nl +

Which one of the following relationships always holds?

=Y;

x<

x-

< Y-

None

the

6. Consider the following egg shaped curve. ABCD is a circle of radius 1 centred at O. The arc AE is centred at C, CF is centred at A and EF is centred at D. 1

c
What is (A) of the region enclosed by the egg shaped curve?

7. The following annulus is cut into 14 regions. Each region is painted with one colour. What is the minimum number of colours needed to paint the annulus so that any no two adjacent regions share the same colours?

(A) 3;

(C) 5;

(D) 6;

(E) 7.

8. Let

- 1) n is

- 1)

- 1)
n
IS

(C)

IS

n is

7, 1

Knight

a Black

on an 8 x 8

such that

(A) 1680;

(B) 1712;

(C)/3696;

(D) 3760;

,6,7,

appear as the

of nn

many

(D) 6,7,9

only;

(E) 1,6,7,9.

Short Questions
x 11. Suppose -

+ -b + - = V2 e

and

- + - = O.

b y

e z

Find

12. Suppose x

=/

13

vI9+8V3

Find the exact value of

+ 18x + 23

13. Let

al

= 3, and

n,

Find

a2011.

14. Let a, b, e be

numbers such
0,2

+ ab + b2 + be + + ca +

= 25,

b2 c2 Find (a

= 64.

+ b + c:)2
3

of

2010.

n 1+n

all n

16. Let the

lxJ

be the greatest integer smaller than or equal to x. How many solutions are there to the interval [1,

17. Let n be the smallest positive integer such that the sum of its digits is 2011. How many digits does n have?

+ 2011.

+ b2 + 2a + d2
-

- 4b + 4 = 0,

4c

+ 4d + 4 =

O.

m and

M be the minimum and the maximum values of (a -

c? + (b

d)2, respectively.

What is m x M?

20. Suppose

Xl, X2,

...

,X2011

Find the maximum value of

Xl

+ X2 + ... + X2011.
, where n is a if n

21.

that a

>

+ 11))
How many solutions

ifn::=

lV1(n) = 91
2071

22. For each value of

ti

+ l l"
n!

where

1 x 2 x ... x

17.

the

that maximizes

23. Find the number of ways to pave a 1 x 10 block with tiles of sizes 1 x I, 1 x 2 and 1 x 4, assuming tiles of the same size are indistinguishable. 4 (For example, the following are two

two

1 x 1,

tiles

size 1 x 2

size 1 x 4.

digits so that each column, each row, and each

four

2 x 2 sub-grids that composes the grid contains all of the digits from 1 to 4. For example,

4 2

3 1 2
4

1 3
4

2
4

1 3

3 1

Find the total number of possible 4 x 4 Sudoku grids.

25. If the 13th of any particular month falls on a Friday, we call it Friday the 13th. It is known that Friday the 13th occurs at least once every calendar year. If the longest interval between two consecutive occurrences of Friday the 13th is x months, find x.

ur"'~

..• uv ~

27.

a fun For

coupon is

\$5, \$8 or

In

are all
rnllnrm

amount that you cannot

using only

28. Find the length of the spirangle in the following diagram, where the gap between adjacent

lines is 1 unit.

o o
M

{ill

I
I
and b1,
, b6,

29. There are two fair dice and their sides are positive integers

aI, ...

,a6

...

respec-

tively. After throwing them, the probability of getting a sum of 2,3,4, the same as that throwing two normal fair dice. Suppose that
al

, 12 respectively is

+ a6

< b1 + ... +

30. Consider a triangle ABC, where AB = 20, BC = 25 and CA plane. What is the minimum value of 2 x P A

17. P is a point on the

+ 3 x PB + 5 x
A

PC?

3l. Given an equilateral triangle, what is the ratio of the area of its circumscribed circle to the area its inscribed

32. Let

and B be

that lie on line y

y=

that

are at a distance

8-/2 units

33. In the following diagram, ABCD is a square, BD

,E.

II CE

and BE

= BD.

Let LE

Find

34. Consider an equilateral triangle ABC, where AB = BC = GA = 2011. Let P be a point inside .6ABG. Draw line segments passing through P such that DE

/I BG, FG II GA and

HI

II AB.

+ FG + HI.

+ AE

BD

+ DC.

+ AE.