INSTAilT GRAIIIIAR LESS0ilS

PHOTOCOPIABLE LESSONS FOR INTERMEDIATECLASSES
Alan Battersbv

STRAIGHTTORWARD, ]'IATERIAL TTACHERS EASY-TO-USE TOR BUSY

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Instant Gra,mma,r Lessons
Alan Battersby

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Teaching Publications Language
ll{a ChurchRoad,Hove,BN3 2EB, England ISBN r 89939640 3 @ LTP 1996 Reprinted 1997, 2000 1998,

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Copyright
This book is fully protected by copvright. All rights reserved.No part of this publicatíon may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior permission of the copyright owner.

Permissionto Photocopy
All of the students'material in this book is intended for photocopying. Permissionis hereby given to photocopy all such pagesfor use by individual teachersin their classes. private or No institutional copying which could be construed as re-publication is allowed without the permissionof the copyright owner.

The Author
Alan Batrersby is a reacher at the Studio School in Cambridge where one of his responsibilities has been building up a resourcebank of teaching materials.Many of the ideas in this book originated from these materials. He has taught English in Italy and is a past chair of the Association.He is an oral examinerfor the Cambridge CambridgeEnglish LanguageTeachers' examinationsand is activelyinvolved with the Materials DevelopmentAssociation(MATSDA). r{

Acknowledgements
The author wishesto thank the Studio School,Cambridge,for permissionto publish materials originally developedfor the Studio School Teachers'ResourceFile. Cover design by Anna Macleod Printed in England by Commercial Colour PressPlc, London E7.

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2 S entence Cards2 1 1. fl Contents lfeachers'Notes Introduction Lesson by Lesson Notes =l b ]1 L- =a Section Lesson1 1 Sequencing Activities b = = :¡ b .1 DearJulia 4.1 InformalLetter1 3.I Sentcnce CardsI 10.3 Follow-up t I . I Senrence Cards1 9.2 Essay A HolidayAbroador at Home? 2.2 Senrence Cards2 9.1 Narrative.3F o l l o w -u p Noun Collocarions 1 11.2 Follow-up Section I-esson8 2 lV[atching Activities t ¡ I Lesson9 t I t Lesson10 a t I I-€ssm 11 Adiective+ Preposition 8.Joe'sTrip to york 1.1 Essay A Good Book v.L L.3 F o l l o w -u p AddingGrammar1 4.3 Follow-up ImportantExpressions 3.2 Follow-up AddingGrammar 3 6.2 Narrative.3 Follow-up \trb + Preposition 9.3 Follow-up LinkingPhrases 2 2.I D e a rS a l l y 5.Anna'sTrip to London 1.1 Sentence Cards1 8.1 DearRobinand Sarah 6.2 Sentence Cards2 8.a Lesson2 Lesson 3 u :¡ :t :¡ :¡ Lesson4 Lesson 5 :t :t :t :t 2 ¡ ¡ Lesson 6 Lesson7 Linking Phrases 1 1.2Sentence Cards 2 1 0 . Television 2.1 S entence Cards 1 11.3 Follow-up Noun + Preposition 10.1 DearMrs Harlock 7.2 Follow-up Adding Grammar4 7.2 Follow-up AddingGrammar2 5 .2 Informal Lener 2 3 .

3 Follow-up Transformations3 Sentence 23.2Follow-up Conditionals Type 2 14.3 Follow-up Transformations Sentence 1 21.3Follow-up ReportingVerbs 20.2 Sentence Cards2 2l .3 Follow-uo I I I I I l 'i: ': l I I I I I .7..L Sentence Cards1 23.3Follow-up Conditionals Type 1 13. Section Lesson 1.1Sentence CardsL 12. Sentence Cards1 22.2 Sentence Cards2 23.2 Sentence Cards 2 22.l Lesson12 Lesson 13 Lesson14 Lesson15 Lesson 16 Noun Collocations 2 12.1.2Sentence Cards2 18.2 Sentence Cards2 12.4* :.2Follow-up Conditionals Type 3 15.2Follow-up ..2Follow-up Conditionals Mixed 16.1 Sentence Cards1 '1.1Sentence Cards1 19.7 3 Rephrasing Activities I Lesson18 Lesson19 :t Lesson 20 Lesson 21 Lesson 22 t t_ Lesson 23 Modal Verbs 1 17.1Sentence Cards1 20.LSentence Cards1 18.1 Sentence Cards 13.1Sentence Cards 16.1 Sentence CardsL 21.4Follow-up Modal Verbs2 L8.1Sentence Cards 15.3 Follow-up tansformations 2 Sentence 22.2 Sentence Cards2 19.2 Sentence Cards 2 17.3 Sentence Cards3 17.3Sentence Cards3 18.4Follow-up ReportedSpeech 19.2 Sentence Cards2 20.1Sentence Cards 14.

1 DictationSentences 30.y z 2 .2 AnswerSheet 30. .4 Follow-up ClauseCompletion 27.1 Sentence Cards1 26.3 Follow-up Phrasal Verbs 32.2 Follow-up Gerundor Infinitive 26.2 Sentence Cards2 26.3Follow-up Ansrver I(.2 AnswerSheet 32.1 Sentence Cards1 27.1 Dictation Texts 32.2Answer Sheet 31.3 Follow-up Give and Take 29.2 Sentence Cards2 27.2 Follow-up Sentence Completion 2 25.3 Follow-up Have and Get 30.1 Sentence Cards 25.3 Follow-up :l = Section Lesson28 5 Dictation Activities Fr F¡ F trl F' I :t Lesson 29 Fr F :¡ Lesson 30 Lesson31 :t :t = :¡ Lesson32 :r u :t 2 Make and Do 28.1 DictationSentences 31.2 AnswerSheet 29.1 Sentence Cards 24.{ Section = 4 Cornpletion Activities :a :e :a :a = = Lesson24 Lesson 25 Lesson 26 :t :e :¡ :' I¡sson 27 Sentence Completion 1 24.1 Dicta¡ionSentences 29.3 Follow-up Prepositional Phrases 31.2 AnswerSheet 28.3 Sentence Card 3 26.1 DictationSentences 28.

5. Here is a very simple. most importantl¡ retain the target language.¡r .-. 2. straightforward way to create immediate lessons: T.j lnstant Grammar Lessons contains: 32 units of photocopiableclassroommaterialsto activateessential grammar Follow-up grammar homework for each lessonto consolidate rarget structures Full teachers'instructionsand answerkey I I . .To get these additional benefits. This is developedin Section4 of thesenotes.! Lrl hd I. for -J In'.c c: L>: l. The Contents IT " ! . Copy a page of the book (1 copy per student).practiseand. 2. Give out the pages. teachersneed to spend a short time preparingthe worksheetsand explaining to the classthe basicinteractive methodologywhich will ensurelearnersget m¿lximumbenefit from their classtirne.il-l AI T e a chers'Not es Introduction I pfq Ed 1.But lnstant Grammar Lessonshas been designedto be usedmuch more imaginativelythan the above absolutelyinstant lesson.csl That's it . Let the students complete exercise. 3... If you wish. Correctthe work in class. A BasicInstantLesson This book is called Instant Grammar Lessonsand it can be used in exactly that way.Each unit has been carefully designed provide classroompracticewhich is: to interactive spontaneous lively learner-centred Used in this wa¡ it will be much more effectivein helping learnersuse. the I l GN 4.an instant grammar lesson. copy and distributefor homeworkor extra practicethe follow-up exercise which is available eachunit.

using link words and phrasesto help them. Section3: Rephrasing Activities Learners reformulate sentences using important grammar patterns such as modal and reporting verbs. This makes it the ideal supplement to a Cambridge First Certificate or similar course. a few weeks before. Areas coveredinclude common verbs such as do. in particular.the ability to build natural phrases and expressions from known words. 3. Target structures include: past & present tenses future forms modal verbs con d iti onals reported speech th e p a ssive But not all the grammar an intermediate learner needsis about sentenceformation. Section4: Completion Activities Learners use both real-world knowledge and structural awarenessto complete sentences logically and grammatically. give and take contextualized phrasal verbs: look forward to (an event). So too is discoursegrammar. A Broader Viewof Grammar Instant Grammar Lessonscovers all the essentialareas of grammar at an intermediate and post-intermediatelevel. \ülord and discoursegrammar focused on in Instant Grammar Lessonsinclude: : word partnerships or collocations: balanced diet.The lessonsare grouped into five sections: Section1: Sequencing Activities Learners work together to reconstruct narratives. Section2: Matching Activities Learners read out sentenceheads and tails to each other and try to reach agreementon possibleand probable matches. fatal accident common verbs used in many word partnerships: have and get. phrasalverbs and prepositionalphrases.on purpose sequencingand linking expressions: after a while.get over (a bad experience) reporting verbs and their grammar: agree that. ask about prepositionalphrases: at first. haue. Learnerspractisecombining words into word partnerships and clauses into sentences. In some casesthey also have to make choices of tense and grammaticalisethe sentences before they put them in order. on the whole . Acceptabilityof the completedsentences negotiatedwithin the is gr o up . \Word grammar. an awarenessof how sentences linked are together into paragraphs and whole texts. and take.They note down important partnerships. d. compositions and letters.oubt uhether. Section5: Dictation Activities Learners listen to the teacher or a partner reading out sentences which contain important word partnerships. is also extremely important.

cards etc. or suggestions appropriatelanguagebasedon their knowledge of grammar. The follow-up worksheetcan be copied and distributed. of something-part of a letter. If yclur classis not used to working in this way. Most of these 1. Thesesuggestions basedon are spont¿lneously orally by contributing suggestions. using the languageon their strip or card and their knowledgeof grarnmar. Learnersagreeon a "best suggestion"--the most likely order. (right and wrong). to suggesting. as a rule. Put learnersinto small groups of 2-5 learners. and revisionsof the suggestions guesses are Thesesuggestions. Some teachersmay want to intervenein group work if learnersare going badly astra¡ but. as 8. Explain that. Settingup the activity. match or completea whole.one per student. Timing IT tt t t tl tI tr This depends the ability and levelof the students.a sentence. individual learnersread out what is on their card and others respond 5. Make copiesof the photocopiablepageswith the target language. written consolidation. The teachermonitors the activit¡ without helping or correctingat this stage.the activity itself on if and any follow-up shouldtake about 30-45 mins. The teachergivesfeedbackand any extra information. 2. Their task is to reconstruct. let them all try the sameactivity themselves. This extra practice providesinstant homework. Preparea suitablenumber of strips or cards for your class.In every case. More than five in a group may make reaching a consensusdifficult. 6.The activity will be most effective it is interactive lively. The LessonNotes give detailed suggestions. These are reviewed as a whole class activity. oral activities. they have got the idea. spontaneous..a permanentrecord. and revisingthe suggestions take account of other suggestions.so try to maintaina briskpace. pagesare designedto be cut up into strips. the best completionsor whatever. or homework.The most important part of the practiceis the processof guessing. in most cases. It also ensures that learnershave a permanent record and clear idea of what they have learnedin each lesson. 4. start by doing one of the activities '$lhen with a small group yourself in front of the rest of the class. In most cases. the number of groups (for exarnplean even number of groups) is important. learnersthan the more obvious target of "getting the right more valuableto the answer".Lesson 4. l:C :l :t Tips 5. An lnteractive The materials in Instant Grammar Lessonsare designedto be used in class so that the grammar practiceis basedon livel¡ spontaneous. Three to five people per group is ideal. and Correction The Instant Lessonsactivities are designedto be learner-corrected. Practical Working Groups in Instant Grammar Lessonsworks best with learnerswho are used to working independently in groups. The more people there are in each group the more discussionthere will be. for either their own card. 7.this is then consolidated by extra written practice with new examples of the same grammar point. the learnersare given strips or cards which contain part and so on. correction and . sometimes 3.

You may like to repeat an activity later in a course to give learners a chance to recycle the languagethey have had difficulty with. Can anyoneremembersaying it? Can they seewhat is wrong with it now? Can anyone else? Revision Someof the activitiescan be used more than once so learnersgain confidenceand a real degreeof fluency with the grammar being practised. Re-using strips When you collect the jumbled texts. give each group a paper clip to put round their set of strips so that you can use the strips again. Variations Therearedetailed notes Lesson Lesson by whichinclude suggestions alternative for procedures and follow-up work. Copies If you can photocopy the materialsonto card and laminate the cards or strips. Put some of the incorrect languageyou heard when you were monitoring on the board. .this will significantly prolong the life of the materials.reformulation of errors is best done as feedback after the activity. An activity repeated like this may only take a few minutes.

1.-.. turn overoneor morestrips. -rnur". collect in the jumbledtexts. so that eachgroup contains one or two people who workedon eachtext...t"nt part of the actiuity. Ask the classto read the whole compleied letter aloud. students maketheir own listsof linking words can and write a similarsrory or essay.kitg \whenall groupshavethe correcttext in front of rh. for usein classor as homework. but also prepositionsand . itt.Ask them ". First the group must completethe sentence each on strip by finding the missingg¡ammar usually the verb form. Explain that the task of tt.ri.particularlyfor linking words suchas arthoughir despite.bact.Members read their stripsaloud one by one to the rest of dreir own group' As all the members the of group rg. Explain clearly that studentsshould nor "cheat" by putting strips or.d.words. b.tp them. rog.wanr to highlight you may the the words. fn. i-ptrt"rrr-. t.. il.provides extra practiceof the linking words and a gappedtexr similar to the onesin the activity. i" r'r. dictaíe it.i. The task is to put the texts. the group could appoint a secrerary who writes d. numberedI is the beginning the text. Te[ them r"h".- I JL tl ll . In a laterlesson.3 or 4 in eachgroup is probablybest'The groupsmay haveclifferent numbers in-thü. Lesson 4 cop¡ cut up and distribute to groups of 2/5 students rhe strips on 4.-iir.oup is ro reconsrrucra complete letter. Checkthat groupshavereconstructed text correctly. . g.". to wrire the linking words on a pieceof paperin the right order.nare i-po. The groups may have one or more different strips each. Let them surnmarise their t. The suggestions and char-rges made thro. to turn over the stripsand as a group try to remember original text ..tÉu. on the table and simply doing the -expl"in activity as if it was a written exercise. and perhapsoffer extra explanarron examples. Students read out the full sentences' and as a class.. they will be more fun and more effectiv.ourly.t.wn the whole letter as tt" gror.r.usingthe linking the words to h.gr.ipirg^rr.poni"n. of Eachmemberof eachgroup has 2/3 strips..rh"pr-s for this part ofthelesson.rg.ugh this co-operatio. This means etc. Half the groupswork on 1.rr"'. "". that if the activitiesare basedon listeningand responding...--"tical Group members co-operate to get each sentencecorrect.". thosewho workedon the other text. Lesson 2 Follow the same procedure Lesson as 1. As an alternative.. The follow-up..y put their stripson the tablein the correctorder.r.Lesson Lesson by Notes The basicidea of the interactivemethodologyis ro meke the practices more lively and involving by encouraging students to listen and respond .t r: I!úl m'-t h{ t4d I i Lesson 1 This lesson needs evennumberof smalrgroupsof 2/5 peopre an .r¿. I t tl i I I I Lesson3 Follow the sameprocedureas Lesson1. . The strip numbered 1 is the start of the text.".Seta time limit .iip_[r_*f.1. Iinec.t. really remember the grammar. or lj:. oth..reconstruá the whole letter by paying particular attention to links such as despite. the otherson 1'2..¡ Jh".p.Make new groups.rrl.*t fo.

a serious illness. Go round and check. $7hen a match is made. rharyouhave10 beginníngs.and the endingsare sharedby the membersof the other subgroup.2. and changing all verbs to their base form. Emphasise importanceof word partnerships the when learning vocabulary. 3. but 2. As a follow-up in a later lesson. then give out the follow-up sheet.andtheninto strips.Ask studentswith beginningsto read them out again. Draw students' attention to the important adjective + preposition combinations such as interestedin. Repeat with the cards from 8. 3. the subgroupswill have 1. or 5 works well too. F F F F F F Fe Lesson5 Follow the sameorocedureas Lesson4.cutting out all grammaticalwords such as articles. worried about.either in classor as homework. Collect the endings. The texts you prepare will be most useful if they are similar to rhe type of text which students may have to write in an exam. In a later lessonyou could provide two other model letterswhich one student in a pair rewrites . Lesson10 Follow the same procedure Lesson but with noun + preposition as 8. so and 10 endines. highlight important language.1.or make important corrections. Divide the class into groups .Distribute the cards. Use the follow-up sheet.you could use all 40 cards at the sametime.this helpsthem to avoid m istake s.The activity can be competitive.and linking words. but the important languageis verb + preposition rvord partnerships such approue of. Lesson11 Follorr'the sameprocedureas Lesson8.L :e F F F F Add comments. Make two sub-groupsrn each group. F F F¡ F F F F :¡ F trl F F F z a 2 Lesson 9 Follow the same procedure as Lesson 8. Studentswith beginnings read them out for the others to supply the endings. connection with.so that the ten beginningsare sharedbetweenthe membersof one subgroup. group againstgroup. or againstthe clock. Explain that they have to match the beginningsand endingsof 10 sentences. the pair is put on the table. or ideally 2 students.prepositions. 7 .The others provide either the original endings or their own new ones. to realisean ambition. r F F:I Lesson 8 Copypage 8. but with the languagefocus on important adjective+ noun and verb + noun partnerships. Remind students how important it is to ^s learn words togetherwith the words with which they usually occur .Cut thecopyin half. word partnerships such as difference between. Lesson 6 Follow the same procedure as Lesson4.4 in each group is ideal. Lesson7 Follow the sameprocedureas Lesson4. This is then exchangedand the partner then rries to restore the original. belieuela.

lfhen the class has completed all 30 examples in one or more lessons. I I Lesson14 I I I 'J cht uge Follow the sameprocedureas Lesson8. Lesson19 Followthe same procedure Lesson 17. The language focus is Type 3 Conditionals.thinking.Explain students theymustrephrase to that the sentenceon the strip using the word or words on the right printed in bold type.This is a the different kind of practice . The languagefocus is Conditional Sentences.J pf{ Ed Lesson12 Follow the sameprocedureas Lesson8. You may like to demonstrate one or two examples on the board. I hJ E¡¡ I I I Lesson16 Follow the same procedure as Lesson 8.than simply doing the same page as a written exercise. This exercisetype will be familiar to many studentsbecause is used in many examinations.that's fine.Thelanguage as focusis Reported Speech. I'm quite bappy with that.Remember the importance of students responding quickly and spontaneousl¡ rather than pausing. Lesson13 Follow the sameprocedureas Lesson8.rre Lesson 8. IJse one.and much more useful . studentsread out their sentences. Lesson17 Prepare distribute and stripsin theusualway. Also included are natural examples with modal verbs in one of the clauses. The languagefocus is similar to Lesson 13. revisingetc. It also has a similar languagefocus. with some as examples with different modal verbs in one clause. students but are given the basic reporting construction verbs:said.I'll ask him. two or all three pagesin one lessondepending on the class and the time available. asked erc. h IIxx I nd trq Lesson18 Follow the sameprocedureas Lesson17. but with Type 2 Conditionals. In this lessonwhen you take back half the sentences extra practice (seeLesson 8). as than actualwords: Yes. it In turn. secondand third in conditional presented many grammar books. told. Lesson15 Follow the same procedr. .il AI . The others call out suggestions paraphrases. > He agreedto what we suggested. Rememberthe importanceof spontaneous reactionto ¿1 sentence studentshear. The languagefocus is on different natural examples of conditional sentences.we moreoftenreportwholeevents Followthesame 17. not but just examplesllke lf he comes. you can for ask students to use either the beginnings or the endings. The languagefocus is similar to Lesson11. for Intervene only if they cannot agree. including examples with different modal verbs in one clause. including a wider range than the traditional iirst.give out the follow-up sheetfor classor homework use. Lesson 20 procedure Lesson Whenwe report.

Remind students how important these verbs are in Enelish. You can use one. . . in Lesson28 Give each student a copy of the answer sheet.. in thus reinforcingthe structures. their own original ideas.Explain that this is a different kind of dictation lesson:they do not write down everything you say .2. .1. After they have in done all 20 sentences. group One hasthe cardsfrom 21. Explain that the studentsmust complete the sentencethey hear using the correct form of go to the cinema.Use the follow-up sheetafter the class have completedall 30 examplesin class. Lesson 25 Follow the sameprocedureas Lesson24.> We'ue .>'We moued. First a studentreadsa card to his/hergroup who rephrase the usualway.using a gerund or infinitive. are Lesson 22 Follow the same procedure as Lesson 21. for example: Wemouedto Liuerpooltwo years ago.. Lesson 26 Studentsprovide their own completion. Encourage several different suggestions. Use either 1 or 2 pagesin a particular lesson. using the suggested words. Lesson23 Followthe same procedure Lesson as 21. swap card setsbetween groupsand do the samesentences reverse. .so the materialis particularlyusefulas alternative. .then encouragethem to shout out severaldifferent possible responsesas each student reads a strip aloud.only examples of phrases with make and do. either to a group or the whole class depending on the size of your class. for example: baue gone to the cinema going to the cinema. Lesson 27 Studentstry to find two possiblecompletions. example: for We'uebeenliuing in Liuerpoolfor nuo years. using the words printed in bold on the right. . or if they prefer. The othergroup hasthe cardsfrom2L. or lively classrevisionof structures with which students alreadvfamiliar. Both the verb and the word that follows it are important: F!¡ = agreedto admitted that apologised for Lesson 21 It is important to havean evennumberof groupsas the practiceis self-checking. Give a couple of examples. Remember the importance of the livel¡ spontaneoususe of the cut-up pages.then use the follow-up sheet after the class have completed all 20 sentences class.which provide a different kind of practice from the same material used as a simple one-pagewritten exercise. two or three pagesin one lesson. The variedstructures practised this lesson thosewhich often occur in the Cambridge in are First Certificate similar exams. Lesson24 Copy and distribute the cards.t 4 - The languagefocus is the grammar of the verbs used to report eventsin this way. It is best to learn them in .

The languagefocus is Phrases rsinghat. using Lesson30 Follow the procedurefor Lesson28. You may like to read both parts one last time before checking answersand giving out the follow-up sheet. Read the sentences again' without pausing.or in a later lessonas revisionyou could put studentsinto pairs . Draw a large grid on the board.Use the second part in a similar way. You may prefer them to work in pairs.Read it again. .Askstudents they if can guessthe story in advanceby looking at the phrasal verbs on the grid.Allow studentsto check their answersin small groups. read the story once at normal speed.Pauseto give students time to completetheir sheets. as focusis Phrases giueandtake. 32. Lesson31 Followtheprocedure Lesson Thelanguage for 28.Pauseso that they can write each phrasal verb oppositeits meaning. focusis various Prepositional useful Phrases. and ask studentsto come up in turns to completethe grid. I don't like doing notbing.give sentences 1-10 to one student. Notice how the exercise directsstudents'attention to phrasesr¿rther than individual w or d s. Then.with studentsjust listening. Read each sentenceat natural speed. and 11-20 to the other.e and get. Lesson 32 Givestudents individuals pairs a copyof theanswer or sheet. rJ7itha good class. Let studentsdictate to each other and completethe grid.multi-wordphrases: I uas afraid of makinga mistake. Lesson 29 Followthesame procedure Lesson The language 28. more slowly but with natural rh1'thm.2.

prepositionr. In lessons1 .by putting verbs into the correct tenseand by adding the missing articles.3 this is done by paying particular attention to the sequence and discourse markers which are highlightedin the texts.made fully grammatical.stories. In lessons . preposrtrons. "ná coniunctions. in compositions.F.ano conluncttons ll i! F F =r = :¡ F F =r r F :u a a .7 thejumbled 4 sentences also need to be grammaticalised. F I- F F F F E¡ F F F FF F- Section 1 Se q u e n c i ng A c ti v i ti es F F F F ts F ts =l r< -l All the lessons this sectioninvolve the learnersin putting jumbled texts .and letters.back into the right order. Lessons1-32 Lessons 4-7: Linking words ano pnrases Use of articles.

4 In fact.l -t 1. York was packed with tourists and.it was nowhere to be seen. he was determinedto go on a long trip.1 L i n ki n g P hras es 1 Narrative Joe'sTripto York - jr 1 In groups. li It - il tJ ¡ : In spite of his nervousness about driving. the weather was perfect. as a result. Soon he was nearing the city centre.l J Next. even better.Pay particular attention the words at the beginning the sentences. jl _l After searchingthe next two streetshe found the car and. returned to where he he had left his car. all the central car parks were full. . of course. . he set off to look round the cathedral and all the other historic buildings.try to put the story back into the correctorder. To beginwith. everything went much better than he had expected. felt very relieved but rather foolish. to of . Finall¡ when Joe had got tired of sightseeing. 1 t ¡ I This story all beganone weekendwhen Joe visited York.. To his surprise.and a few hours later he was approaching the outskirts of York. 10 Fortunatel¡ the traffic was not too heavy and and. he thoughtit had been stolen and immediatelyset off to call the policebut then he noticed that the adjoining streetslooked very similar. second-hand But. He had passedhis driving test only a few weeks before and had just boughta Ford. he managedto find a spacein a side streetjust outside the centre. Even though it was late September.Read the sentences aloud untilall agree on the correclorder. after a while.

The words at the beginning the sentences help you connectthe sentences each other.2 L i n ki n g P hras es 1 NarrativeAnna's Tripto London Try to put the story back into the correctorder. she made her way back to the station. and after an hour or so the train was approachingthe outskirts of London. Pancrasand naturally felt very relieved but rather silly. Much to her surprise. Shehad taken the wrong exit out of the Underground. was determined go on a day rrip to her she to London by traln.1. It was King's Cross station. Luckil¡ her train arrived at St.she couldn't see any trains going back to Nottingham. Shehad only arrived 1 in Nottingham a few weeks previouslyand her English still wasn't very fluent. A Anna decided to take the Underground and some time later she was standing by the river on the Embankment. I Actuall¡ it all went much better than she had expected. but then she noticed the station architecture was different. . At first. 4 Then she set off to do some sightseeing. Pancras. Pancrasstation exactly on time.Read the sentences aloud untilall agreeon the correctorder. After she had searched subwa¡ she the found St. and better 10 still. S Despite poor English. not St.London was packed with tourists and consequentl¡ there was a long queueat the taxi rank. Although it was late November. it wasn't raining. of will to This story all began when Anna visitedLondon. It wasn't long before she was looking for a raxi into the centre. she thought she might have missedthe last train and set off at once to find the information office. Eventuall¡ when Anna had got tired of looking at historic buildings.

.. finally r:.his inexperience..r.it the had run out of paper.. tuckily c. felt very relieved ratherfoolish.. only 7. n. soon ' 8. after shehad searched l.. despite 16. . ... consequenrly n. in fact --¡( ¡ l b......... he thought the machine had brokendown and he 14. Johngot tired .. . actually I s. .. evenbetter 7. .... of waiting.... I ft whenJohn had sentoff all the faxes.. photocopying it was the roomwasverybusyand 9.. he of r . a while ... in spiteof 3.. ... . setoff to find the technician she but throughthe copiermanualhe located problem.. . to beginwith 14............. his colleagues he was being the pay was ex c e lle n f o r a s c h o o l-le a v e r. one morninghis bossasked him ro do somephotocopying sendoff a few faxes.. .... were all very helpful and...wasstillveryunsure himself.. eventually o. 15..... his surprise. afteran hour or so g........ g ive n someresponsihiliry.tz | 9. some time larer 2.John 16.....*.. . He had only left school l...But....... returned the copierroom and he to started copying. . after searching i.. t 7 he was gaining confidence.. naturally 4....... a fe*' weeks befo¡e a. of course p.. as a result i.. 13...do the copying. . ir was not long before | | i I | | 10. ...... . wasn'taround. . was anxiousto makea success his new ¡ob. and 8.t Match eachlinking phrasewith another of similar meaning in the same set: Setl 1... .. and of ..4Sam... a few weekspreviously f...J I -t Now completethe following story using the linking phrases above: This story all beganwhen John startedhis new office iob.. but .. immediatery 15..'.. a coupleof hourslaterd. he 12... even though e.. .... 6.... ...l 3... wasa longqueue the copier. afte.. then Exercise 2 .. .. better still h. .. 3 Exercise 1 Follow-up L i n ki n g P hras es 1 I t .... . everything went muchbetter than he had expectedand 4. copierstopped To the working.......... . ar once m.... .2... fortunately 6. .... t2... although 5........ 5.....so he decided shouldsendoff the faxesand 11.'... there for 10... at first k......'l 1.

\ü/hat could be more pleasantthan a quiet evening in with a well-written novel or travel book? .be a little more curious and enjoy exploring new worlds of knowledge.or films and educational documentaries.80. ¡ ¡{ - . Taking everythinginto consideration. Also. and another point in favour is its convenience and economy. < = e e 2 I 4 10 For thesepeople. Read the senlences aloud until all agree on the correct order. most people watch at least some television. Television In groups. it is up to the individual Both. = J -l = ¡ = = < ¡ Although a TV licencemay soundexpensive over f.the news and current affairs programmes.{ -t < < I Finall¡ to gain the maximum benefit from books and television. unfortunatel¡ many regular viewers learn very little from TV except for the latestgoings-onin the soaps. Pay particular aüentionto the words at the beginning the sentences. try to put the essay back into the correct order. Books. I < -l 2 A further disadvantage the fact that it might be difficult to get to a is well-stocked public library.therefore. as you can with a TV. you cannot turn it off. can be positive to use each to the best advantage.for example. however. despitethesedisadvantages.A GoodBookv. Yet. can work out rather more expensive. and as I seeit. I ¿ t¡ I But.televisionand books both have their good and bad points.of course.ü rt á = 1l 2. once you have bought a book you do not like. of < ¡-l On the whole.50 a week.1 L in ki n g P hras es 2 Essay.relaxation is a major attraction of TV. I think. is possibleto get real enjoymentfrom it a book. that is actually at less than {1. exDeriences.

: t .it is up to the but individual to make the most of a holida¡ and I believeany holiday can be whatever the destination. a positive experience. r¡ste 'What could be more lovelythan the Devoncoasrline spring? in For thesetourists. instance. to of A holiday in Britain. rhe Costadel Sol or the BalearicIslands.Readthe sentences aloud untilall agree on the correctorder. a holiday in Portugalcan be fairly cheap. personallyspeaking.A Holiday Abroad at Home or Generallyspeaking.holidays abroad and in Britain both have their advantages and disadvantages. the hot sunny weather is obviously a major attraction and a further advantageis the cost.eventhough it is over L. the weather can be atrociouswith all four seasons one day.Pay particular attent¡on the words at the beginning the sentences. All things considered.try to put the essay back into the correctorder.hotel and airport.2 L i n ki n g P hras es 2 Essay. Another drawback is that public transport in the UK is often inadequate and pricey. in addition.500kilometres away.. And. for I I rJ Pfo Dt--' In groups. h rd hr¡ DOI In conclusion. hd Lert 7 In spite of these disadvantages.to gain the maximum benefit from any holida¡ be a little more adventurousand enjoy meeting the unexpected. But sadl¡ most packageholidaymakersseevery little of the countries they visit apart from the beach. can work out much more expensive.the majority of people in Britain go on pacKage holidays abroad to destinationslike the Algarve. on the other hand. languageis no problemand some the parts of Britain are genuinelybeautiful. 10 a-r-. In fact. in Thr cb.J AI 2.rr.

. n. h..... ....... 9. the occasionalholiday in the countryside..... 7. 15. b. eirher the city or the countryside... 7. . rühat could be better for young children than gro\\'rngup in a peacefulvillage? 13.. .........f = = 2. .9. But 12. . .. . b.. . . m. .. =a a z I ¡ ¡ ¡ z t a z a at .. . e. it is the individual...t he r e are often economicproblems. always look for the positive aspecrs. .. the city and the counrrysideboth have their advantages and disadvantages but 14.. b e t t e rin a c í t y6 .. f. 1 0. 13.. 12. t h e c u lt u ra l a n d le is u ref a c i l i t i e s of a city are a major attraction and 4. 2. 3.. 76 it is possibleto lead a fulfilling life in .. o. . 3. 5... p. 2.. .. ..... on the whole for example unforrunately exceptfor of course anotherpoint in its favour although actually however a lso a further disadvantage despite taking everythinginto consideration as I seeit I th in k to conclude a.sresponsibility to make the most of any situation. . regular public transport... 8 .. ....... l. ... 3 Exercise1 Follow-up L i n ki n g Phras es 2 < -¡ < -¡ r<t < 1 -r = = = = = = = = = Match up these linkingwordsand phraseswith similar meanings: tt 1.. .. j. .... .. ... . 15... sadly obviously a further advantage generallyspeaking even though apart from in fact for instance another drawback all things considered in spite of in conclusion I believe on the other hand speakingpersonally in addition :z = = = = Exercise2 Now complete the following essayusing the linking words and phrases above: which is preferabre rivingin a city or the countryside? 1' """". . c. te gain the maximum benefit from the rural or urban way of life... .. housepricesmay b e h ig h e r.. the environr¡ent is cleaner and there is lesscrime. the cost of living in the countryside can work out to be much more expensive. 6. 14... ... ..... g. .. . is t h e f a c t t h a t p u b l i c transport is infrequentand pricey.. 8.... .. .... . 11. 16.. L e e d so r L ive rpool. . 4.. i. 10. ... .... d. . Manchesrer... .. . thesedisadvantages. is the cheap.city dwellersspendmost of their lives in a polluted envlronment... . 1 1 .. . .. peoplein Britain tend to live in large cities like Sheffield.. k. ... .. ....... Em p lo ym e n topportunities can 5. .. e..

I'm very sorry about not writing soonerbut I've beena bit busvlatelv.i \¡ 3. I'd like to thank you for your lovelyletter. of to I' 2 '$lrite soon. I -i In groups. Do you remember the family in Nottingham I was an au-pair with? \íell. there wasn't really enough time to look at it all properly but all being well.1 lmportant Expressions : lnformal Letter1 DearJoe.Pay particular attention the words at the beginning the sentences. Anna.J Do tell me if you'll be freethe weekendafter next. 4 Visiting the city was a great experienceeven though it was raining hard.Read the senlencesaloud untilall agree on the correctorder. 9 . I'd like to tell you what I've been doing. . Lots of love. surprise. It's been such a long time sincewe had a good chat and I'm looking forward to it.! Great news! I've been given a full-time job. I'll pay a return visit. Last weekendI was in London and I was fascinatedbv the National Gallery.try to put this letterback into the correctorder. 1 10 .surprise. I'm consideringdoing a bit of travelling around the country. believeit or not. In fact. So I might seeyou. It was iust wonderfulto hear all your news. :1 d t Incidentall¡ before I start. Naturall¡ I acceptedand I'm starting in a fortnight's time.their next-door neighbourscontactedme and offered me the post of cook-housekeeper.

the < -l 2 = 1 ¡ = rl 3 I'd like to know if you're free the weekendafter next. to at of < I { t Thank you s: much for your lovely letter. r. -r = 4 Actuall¡ I didn't have time to look round it properly but hopefully I. You're not going to believethis but I've gor j a p e r manent ob. < -l rro ^ Let me tell you what I've been doing.ll be atrle to pay a return visit. I'm thinking of doing some rravelling around Britain so perhapsI'll seeyou.2 < 4 < Informal Letter 2 Dear Anna. the firm I had a temporary job with for six months? llell. All my love. quire unexpectedl¡ they got in touch witÁ me and offeredme a job right out of the blue.neaotnu particular attention thewords the beginning the sentences.trytoputthiS|etterbackintolhecorrectoroér. of : ¡ ¡ ¡ g I've got some fantasticnews.and I start in two weeks' time. = ¡ 5 Write soon. It was really greatto get all your news' I shouldapologise not writing earlierbui life haJbeen for ratherhecticrecently. It's been agessince we had a good chat and I'm looking forward to it. lmportant Expressions |ngroupS.. 10 I . The other weekendI was in canrerburyand I was reallyinceresred the cathedral. in .-l ¡ ¡ ¡ 7 I accepted.t ¡a á 3. You remember Apex Software. course. seeing city was a wonderfulexperience the despire heavyrain.Joe.wa¡ before starting work. z !r : t g By rhe.

... have the chanceto pay a return visit before long. it's been sucha longtime You're not going to believe this but by the way it's been ages even though .. surprise 14....re to seeeverythingbut 9............... I don't know if you rememberthe travel company that I worked for as a temporary tour guide last year? Well.'............q I I Dear Rosie..........'.. beforeI srartwork.. .... evenif 11... duringthe lastfew weeks..l'11 It was a great experience visiting the city 10.. 5... I'm considering doing 16.. your lovelylong letter..... I should apologise for the other weekend actually Thank you so much for I was really interestedin Let me tell you rather hectic It was really great ¡:: Th -: - usc hr mrl 9.... h. weather was absolutely the dreadful..... 14... writing any sooner it's been4...2.. .. .F! . I accepted....'.. 6.. I 3_3 Exercise1 Follow-up lmportant Expressions Io*{ I Match up theseletter-writing phraseswith similar meanings: 1. 'Write soon........... ........ they got in touch with me and offered me a job. . I've got a permanentjob at last......... d... 3. the .. 2.. . 8......... ancienrcastle.. incidentally L5.......... .. ... So.... 1. 3.... I was in Lincoln and 7.....rl¡ . f.... b...... visiting a few old friends around the country.and of I'm due to start in a monrh..... J rDol Exercise2 Now complete this letter using the letter-writing words and phrasesabove: I hd l...... 15..... . 4. Very best wishes....... all beingwell 10...... since we both had a good gossip and I'm looking forward ro it... g..... ...... ... '..... c.. . not but ........ 8. I ' m t h in k in g o f d o in g right out of the blue hopefully I've got somefantasticnews.. for ro catchup with all your news... 5... 6.......... Believe or not it L3....... e..... could you tell me if you're free the weekend after next? 16....... .........1! 12.. course.. Pat ............... what I've beendoing recently..... I'd like to thank you for It wasjust wonderful I'm very sorryabout a bit busy I'd like to tell you lastweekend I was quite fascinated by in fact a.......... surprise.... I didn't have quite enoughtin.... 13. 7... 11.. Greatnews! 12.. .

. . . b a ck Bestwishes. . Fr 10 q. .. return) . . Then put the Completethe sentences with the verbsgivenand add preposit¡ons. . a p p o in tm e n t Monday Sth. . (write) for a drive Y ou s e e ... . .. . .b a d ly damaged. be) Jack.. . ..ca r .. . . . . . < F F F F F F F F F Dea rJ u l i a .. . . .. ... .. Liverpool.. .I still (be) Ireland. t h e e a r lie s t . .(have) I. .... . Dublin.. (admire) scenery. n o t inj u r e d obviously.t = = 4. ..(be) F F F F Fa Fr great time looking round Despite . . . .. .. Mond a y ls t a n d lwa s e x p e c t in g Liverpool . F trl F F trr Th i s means [. . and now I (go. . .Pay specialattent¡on the phraseswh¡chlink one sentencewilh the next. articlesand conjunctions to letterback ¡ntothe correctorder.. museumsand art galleries. . . . a p a rt. Du b l i n and v i s i ti ng. . As you can see the stamp. . . . ..lu ckilyl. ... . car suddenlyran the the road. . . I . . . plan. . . . Friday 5th.- a c c o r d in g .1 Ad d i n g Grammar DearJulia 1 F = < wherenecessary. ..(phone. . . few scratches. . . ( s t a ¡ c o m p l e te ) And w h i l e I .a .I h a v e . . . . accident. (arrive) return F F F F Fr F I . . y o u w h e n l . . .However. awful shock.. . . .h T':r':::'::'1r":'+3:. T u e s d a y l c ou n t r y s i d e s o u t h . t h e r e p a ir s . .(go) It. p o s t po n e .

Someof the spaces need small words like prepositionsor conjunctions.4. You will also have to decidewhich tenseto use. be going to enfoy reach expect give order be go can run over .2 Ad d in g G rammar Follow-up 1 Complete the following letter.Here is a list of the verbs you will need. Some are neededmore than once.

. . . M i d l a n d we a year before. . .t = 5. perhaps can help you. .. . . Love. .le a v e r s find work Ifyou . J o a n \ ü / o od .be) An d Iw oul dn'tw ant. . . B ir m in g h a m a r e a ( m in d ) . (decide) to do. . . . . ( b e ) Bu t . . . school and at the moment you . . s c h o o l...(take) .. . your final exams.. work and study. 10 I Af te r a l l . a b r e a k . . . di ffi c ul ti t. . work. to college.(sa¡ leave. .. she knows o f . . . try) .1 Ad d in g G rammar DearSally 2 F EI a Then put the the with the verbsgiven and add prepositions. . boss She . . . Complete sentences art¡cles and coniunctions letterback into the correctorder. . . .Pay specialattention the phraseswhich link one sentencewith another.. . . . . . . .. (think. . . I c o u l d a sk va canc i es . . b e h e lpful . h a r d work . Ifyou . . . go) I Ikn ow . p l an s the future yet? (made) \7rite soon and tell me . (meet. where necessary. . .. . .. have) dr i n k . . . . Hotel... ... (be) nowadays. . . . o f . Auntie May. unemployed. to F F E 4 Dear Sall¡ Sheffield weekend last I .fo r . . you . yo u . expectyou want .thatI ju st. . . . I So Ihopey ou. y o u r p o s it io n . . (understand.

5.You will alsohaveto decide which tense use.2 Ad d in g G rammar 2 Follow-up Completethe following letter. or Here is a list of the verbs you will need. to send happen need get know find would see work try interfere leave fax think have .Someof the spacesneed grammatical words like prepositions conjunctions.

we feel another holiday .1 Ad d i n g G rammar DearRobin and Sarah Dear Robin and Sarah. . . if it. .. the money.. south coast. . the top floor and we have a large balcony . th e we a t her . . 'We .{ { I 6. .. . . sea E¡ = But finally we decided . Carol and Mark. a .be) possible. h o l i d ay . (take) a :l 2 10 At time. view. f o o t . . the letterback into the correctorder. . . . . . renting this lovely apartment. it usually. . . somewherelike this all .. . . .only five m in u t e s . . of =1 9 We have been care to protect skin . the town centre. .you. 3 < = < -r = -< < Completethe sentences with the verbs given and add prepositions. . : . . we told you we . . . .. . here three days ago while you in Holland. hereis much hotter .. . . haven't. articlesand conjunct¡ons Then put where necessary. .home. . . . for August. : . . (arrange) When we last . bef o r e :l :e =l = = = = :¡ :¡ = :¡ :¡ :¡ =¡ August 31st. Br ig h to n t a g a in . time. (see. ye . (live. . . . to 1'S le ... . . get) we < -l =l = = = I It .Pav specialattention the phraseswhich link one sentencewith another. . . . . . (get.be) 7 meet. but we would love to seeyou . . Love. (be) . (come. 'We .think) g o ing. the sun. . . . .(be) I wish we . ..

Someof the spaces need grammaticalwords like prepositions coniunctions. summer. . to afford be offer start get have meet think arrive Th. we said we were thinking . . .. .l 'When we last .. .You will or alsohaveto decide which tense use. . ' -' ' J J. . . this permanently!But you .but. ..J ul y . . . fact. the rent! .a b outourhol i day .. . have to be a millionaire to . we it.. . . David's . . . us ual . . matter.j l¡ o rl But then a rich friend . . Prado. . the centre. . different . 'We are.. . . we were thinking . . . . Be stwi s hes . It's . .. . . . . moment we get home and tell you . ring . . .. . money. . . . we . Madrid yet again. . . . . . give you .'l -l 6. . weatheris much co l d e r.. . . . . Dear Steveand Linda. . . trying somewhere I n f a c t . . Madrid . .. . . keep warm! June was very hot. . but just . .2 Adding Follow-up Grammar 3 J l :f Completethe following letter. us his apartment right . . a bi t m o r e e x p e n s iv e . a very low rent. . . . Here is a list of the verbs you will need. .. . . . . a wonderful view of . : . losl o f b u y in g s o m e t hi ck pullovers . If only we had . Jan and Kevin . toc hange. . . . S pai nhad. . . . the fourth floor and we . . . . . . live somewhere..As . . '. . . . holiday .. d a y s . .

. . articlesand conjunctions Then put the wherenecessary.B ri tai n. . enjoyable two weeksI conversationclasslast year. . speakEnglish but (nave.ad v ic e y o u w o r k .. . . . giving me . communicate. grammar students.. F tr = my countr¡ studentsare not really .. . waiter. .. .. .1 Ad d i n g G rammar 4 DearMrs Harlock -l Completethe sentences with the verbsgivenand add prepositions.Pay spec¡al attention the phraseswhich link one sentencewith another. (give) me finding temporary F I F¡ I = = I hope to find something suitable. .J r. I. .. this was . .. class. . ... I like stay Christmas.. . . . . . I . . . \ a :t 2 al 10 Then.. . . . next Yours sincerely Gunther Schaudi. confidence . (look) . .. . . makes i tdi ffi c u lt . . . teachersconcentrate. . . . . Instead. . sixwe e ks e nI. . . perhaps as . your wh properly. shooassistant. . . . . .. tothank .(afford) .if I can it. I . . . first opportunity . . . the next week or T I = =r I look forwardto .- I -l I 7. | I. (write. letterback into the correctorder. speak :a = = :¡ = = :¡ = :¡ :¡ < - FFI l n a n K yo u o n ce a g a l n .rlsnwltnout about my mistakes. .. . . . .ng. to = r< < F¡ = = Dear Mrs Harlock. a io b . translation. you when I . . . .(teac h) h o w. I can usemy English. . . .li s ten. . . . f o r .(see.spend) . . . . ..En g la n d ... .be) Cambridge. a l r e a d y b e e n . . in your I really appreciated. loln) /l r . .(worry) speak Now . I t. .

y ouk now . to worry glve make arrange feel write phone apply pick up bring up Dear Nancy I . . . th e ch ild r e n . . . . n o w l wa s il l . . . .= '¡ I 7.. . I .. . .. if I have . . . . . I completeboth courses. . . .. . . . a t im e t o c o m e a n d .. . . . . . like to do . children. information technology course. giving me . h E Instead. . strong enough .thankyou taking care bed.. . Here is a list of the verbsyou will need. . .. .. Lucy J .. education without I'll . . . . .2 Ad d ¡ n g G rammar Follow-up 4 -I E --1t :l I Completethe following letter. quiet and well-behavedas your children. . Then.. . .. . . ... . . . . . confidence . . continue .. them difficult to look after. . . about my family. . to be . H D¡I I wa s . th e i nafew day s to n 't: Lots of love. . . . the a d v ic e y o u . . . .which . I hd fa . fo r a word-processing course. . Thanks again . . . money. .Someof the spaces needsmall words like prepositions coniunctions. .. . . . I'm v ery grateful . meabout .I t h r e e we e k s .You will or alsohaveto decide which tense use. . With any luck. .. have the children back. home .. . .they seemto concentrate.. . the next few weeks. . . I ¡l What I'll probably do is work .. . . be able to find a suitable course . I am afraid they have not .. . . making as much noise as possible. .

verb + preposition. =t =¡ :¡ :t ¡ :t ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ Lesson8: Lesson9: Lesson10: Lesson 11: Lesson12: Lesson 13: Lesson 14: Lesson 15: Lesson 16: Adiective+ Preposition Verb + Preposition Noun + Preposition Word Partnerships 1 Word Partnerships 2 Type 1 Conditionals Type2 Conditionals Type 3 Conditionals Mixed Conditionals :t t ¡ ¡ ¡ :l 1l . of the sentences which they occur.and noun + prepositionphrasesand the gr"--á. Lessons8 .10 deal with adjective+ "nd preposition. combine to form sentences.{ :¡ =t = :¡ ¡ = :¡ :¡ :¡ = =¡ :¡ :¡ Section 2 Matching Activities :t =t :¡ The lessonsin this section focus on the combinatory nature of language.a complete recouery.luur.. Lessons13 . .16 give lots of practice in the different conditionals.a dreadful mess.rhe way in which words commonly combine to form word partnershipr.a serious illness.Lessons11 and 12 introduce the central idea of in word partnerships .

when you have finished. r¡ l ¡l l Margaret was very disappointed e with me when I get home.of all the adject¡ve preposition They'reharmless. n iO Too tiring! None of us are rnterested with the work I had done for her.otherwise Mum and Dad will be really annoyed It's one o'clock in the morning. but I said I was hopeless. I I I I Andy askedme if I was any go f in goingon a walking holiday.The secondhalf alwaysbeginsw¡tha preposition.I T 'd 8.I'm not keen aboutyou. :a il I Let's not go to an Indian restaurant. fl My bosswas very impressed on hot spicyfood. + a note. They don't bite. 4 Julia looks like her brother.but very different at tennis. \7herehaveyou been? What's on the other channels? I'm tired trom ner younger slster. b of watchingAmericanfilms.Try to find othersimilarones. I . I was getting worried a with her exam results. -( of spiders. Make of phrases.1 Adjective + Preposition Sentence Cards1 J :i Read out the beg¡nn¡ng the sentenceand try to find how it ends. There'sno needto be afraid I mustn't be late .

It's a lovely Presenr.when you have f¡nished. of Make a note. a ¡ ¡ :¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ :¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ Thank you. Slhat's wrong at how expensive Britain is. Can you tell me who is responsible with him.2 Adjective + Preposition Sentence Cards2 Read out the beginning the sentenceand try to f¡nd how it ends.{ a a :a ¡ 8. of Try to find other similarones. NO hamburgers! so It wasn't a cheapholiday. She's used not to their customers. I'm not h"ppy of you. t ¡ ¡l ¡ Robert's not at work. No. t ¡ ¡ I want to eat food that's typical by the news of the tragic accident. That'sverykind with the servicein the hotel. t -----b-- .but the food's excellent. It The waitershere are neverpolite to all theselate nights.The secondhalf alwaysbeginswith a preposition.'S7e were surprised with this new hairstyle. it's just not me. all the adjective+ preposition phrases. Anothermigraine? None of the guestswere satisfied for locking up the office after work? All of us were deeplyshocked of this region. I ¡ 10 Janelooks tired.

4- .. ..... . Joe is very his new computer. your anniversary again?That'sabsolutely 13. Thank you. havea lot more practicebeforeI take my test. .. me . . ball games. .. She' s beenlookingquite depr essedr ecently . It's the second time it's broken down.. ... . You see.-. 3. thecustom er s. SoJohn hasforgotten 14. .. him! but 15. 7 . a rude to her..-¡. . my progress and that I'll haveto just.._ . . I w o u l d n 'tsa yth a tR o b e rti s 8.. I'd rathernot walk homealone.I'm no 5 . . Don't askme to play squash. the dark._ _ .. 'WhenI told him that I'd scratched car.. sheleaves school. My home town looks very what it did 25 yearsago. 2. It was very h 1 2 .. . . 9.. . 1 0 .. . A s h o p a ssi sta n tl w a ys a sto be. . . . . Haven'tyou got any otherrecords?I'm ..I thought he was going to get really . . It was only a cheaprestaurant we were how good the food was..3 Adjective -F Preposition Follow-up I I I I below usingthe following adfective preposition + Completethe sentences phrases: polite to rl ll keen on kind of satisfied with surprisedat good at worried about tired of typical of in annoyedwith interested wrong with afuaidof ti disappointed with different from 1.. listening this music. .even whenthey ar e 11. I'm .. I ' m a b i t.. \üíhat's the car this morning? \7hy won't it start? . R u t h i s. a ca reer intour ism when you to drive me all the way home. .I' dsayhewasfootbal l m ad. to . ..I { 8. . his 6.... My driving instructorsaid sheisn't .. football. 4... . S u san. .

1 Verb {. Make phrases. I'd like to apologise in spendingmore than five pounds on dinner. I insist after someone else's housewhile they are away. . I can't concentrate of any of my boyfriends. a note. :t :¡ :¡ :¡ ¡ The United Kingdom consists on what the doctor says.Try to f¡ndother sim¡larones.The secondhalf alwaysbeginswith a preposition. of England. David is a bit mean. She never approves \X/ales.Scotland.t a -a ¡<. a . =t :l :t 'Why are you all laughing from the bank. -l 9. i¡ =¡ :¡ :¡ =¡ = :¡ Doctor. =l Put your money away. It depends on my exam revrslon.f :a :a = :¡ It's too noisy. not from my parents. I'd rather borrow the money on paying for everyone's drinks. He doesn't believe at me?'Sühat's funny about so my new ear-rings? Sarahmight be back at work tomorrow.when you have finished. and Northern Ireland. u =l :l 10 A 'house sitter' is someonewho looks for missingmy last appointment. all the verb + preposit¡on of =a =a =a :e = I can't introduce Joe to my mother.Preposition Sentence Cards1 ::1 ¡<1 -l Read out the beginningof the sentenceand try to find how it ends.

when you have finished. rl Mary can't come to work. it doesn't.2 Verb + Preposition Sentence Cards2 Read out the beginning the sentenceand try to find how it ends. illness FF' . rút ¡ l : Jll I knew he wasn't angry when he smiled from an awful migraine. You paid lasttime. She's sulrenng to me.'f 9. That woman by the bar reminds me for dinner. After six attempts. but The doctor saysit could take sometime for him to recover h from enteringthe building. 4 I've been searchingeveryvrrhere for you to arrive all morning. his ft.'j 10 And where have you been? I've beenwaiting of someoneI knew at college. . !t . I'd lend it to you with pleasure.The secondhalf alwaysbeginsw¡tha preposition. Tim succeeded at me so sweetly. . If it belonged I for my cheque book and I still can't find it. of Make a note. of Try to find other similarones. rt It's my turn to pay I a from a serious like this. all the verb + preposition phrases.i I ne securltyguaro preventedus bin passing driving test.

The n e w driving test. A day at the seasideis a real possibilit¡ but it all 4. . Jane.. winning me. I'm confident about the listening and speaking exams but what I need to .3 Verb + Preposition Follow-up :t = :á Completethe sentences below usingthe following verb + prepositionphrases: dependon suffer from wait for smile at believein consistof preYent somebody from approve of laugh at apologise for :t = = = :¡ =¡ remind somebody of recoverfrom succeed in belongto concentrate on :t = 1 . the local football team .... a writ t e n e x a m a n d a p ra c t ic a lt e s t . me? 'tü7hy can't anyone take me seriously? . I alwa ysneedlots of hand cream.. Margaret 6. Much to everyone'ssurprise. promotion. It was all my fault. R o m e o an d Ju |i e ti sth e sto ryoftwoyoungiover swhosefam ilies them .. is my grammar. 9. She thinks dying is a beginning. . - .. I . . It will take the company years to 11. I'd like to . =t = 3. not an end. .don't. j- -- .. . I'll seeyou . . The reasonwhy I don't 7.. .. . A p a r k isn'tprivateproperry. 8.. . me a c ro s s t h e ro o m. . Why does everyone 1 4 . . If I'm not there by the time the concert begins. . O u r g r a n d mo th e rl o ve sth i ssong. v e ry d ry s k in .. a I !. . 13. 10. It . life after death.her . my behaviour last night.I =:l = 9. marrying. =l :t :l :l :l =l :l :¡ =l ¡ a a a ¡ 12. . 5.. her :1 :l 2 . 15.. I kne wshe liked mewhenshe. . at the interval. this latest financial disaster. ... rhe weather.. e v e ry b o d y . . It. . . childhood..

i . all the noun + preposition of ones. I l Sorrv.-t with the Michael Jackson.The secondhalf alwaysbeginswith a preposition.I { ü 1 0.Try to find other s¡m¡lar a note. I'm having some trouble in the numberof peopleout of work. They want someone wlth experlence of a camping holiday in the middle of January. J -"! My name's MichaelJackson but no connection with Sally? Shedoesn'tlook very happy. Clever girl! Congratulations of looking afteryoungchildren. of Make phrases. a o This job might suityou. I reallv don't like the idea your final exams. on passing '$7hat's the matter . Mozart showedgreat ability for jobs before she evengot an interview Can you tell me what the differenceis -: with the word processor.1 N o u n + P repos i ti on Sentence Cards1 Read out the beginning the sentenceand try to find how ¡t ends. Kate sentoff 50 applications at music when he was only five yearsold.when you have finished. Can you help me? l I 10 Therehas beena big increase between a tower block and skyscraper? I . .

My mother has had a gfeat influence on any young children watching it. . This town's dead at night. of = = = At. The policeaskedme for proof on the way I think and act. Plastic?I don't think there'sany alternative in doing any more work tonight. in or on? I alwayshave difficulty at playing the guitar in just a few weeks. of Make a note.The secondhalf alwaysbeginswith a preposition. It's getting late. learnlng a muslcal lnstrument. all-night parties.1 -l 1 o ^ . There's no poin to one of Joe'swild.. 2 No u n + P repos i ti on Sentence Cards2 Read out the beginning the sentenceand try to find how it ends.r . The violencein this film could have a bad effect g in 1. ' ^ You can't expect to developreal skill with prepositions.They're confusing! Sue's from a musicalfamily but she's nevertakenany interest for more facilities for young people. 10 Jennyhopesshe'llget invitation of my identit¡ so I produced my driving licence.Try to find othersimilarones. There'sa real need to real leathershoes.when you have f¡nished. all the noun + preposition phrases.

. Don't bother. rh". avery opinionhimself. high of . .. .. Smoking has a very harmful . T h e p o l i ce a ve a rre ste dsu spectin. 6 .. That's an open 4 .. She'stoo young to 5. explaining it to her.'. . . There's u n d e r stand.... Itto o k Lizyears ofpractice to de v e lo pre a l .so hurry up and fill in that 1. .. .:.. burglars.. Not again! \7hat could be. butter.l"il. . Helen didn't get the job at ChestnutComputers. 'Süe're a new passport.They said shedidn't haveenough 72. . . t e n n is .". h a bank robbery. your engagement! I know you'll both be very h"ppy together. Bob managed cook a successful dinner all bv himself.. people's health. . . . . ... ...t 1 3 . Margarine was developedas a cheap . 7 .. 2 . this car? lflhy won't it srart? .. 10.beautifulandgor geous? .:lji.lastweek' s attem pted 1 5 . 11.. . a 14. 9 . . . 3 . L e t ' s s it d o wn a n d t a lk about it.3 No u n + P repos i ti on Follow-up Completethe sentences below using the following noun + prepositionphrases: no pornt ln the trouble with applicationfor skill at alternativeto the matter with effect on experience of invitation to connectionwith lnterest rn difficulty with differencebetween congratulations on need for going on holiday in four weeks.:.. the idea of 8 .but he had some to his new microwave. .**- 10. . s h o u t in g . At first George was enthusiasticbut soon he lost all touring Scotland. Ca lm down! There'sno.. Never leave a ground-floor window open. . C a n y o u te l l me i f th e re 's n y.

a ¡ ¡ 1O the pain. Sorry I'm late. :l At last Anna had her own house in the country. You're playingwell for a complete opportunlty.Shehad realised disaster. I t ' s a i ob in a mr lh o n a g o l d e n - recovery. You won't persuade to change her her ambition. I thought you sai 9 four o'clock. T I F Fr :t = = Georgehad beenoff work for monthswith a serious d beginner. is almostimpossible! try lt =e = I wish I could remember people's names. F =I F F F F = I felt awful last week.1 N o u n C ol l oc ati ons 1 Sentence Cards1 Read out the beginning the sentence of and try to find how it ends. I've got sucha bad illness.When you havefinished the activ¡ty. Julia can be very stubborn.a = = 11. to find other nounsto completethe sentences. it turned out to but be a total misunderstanding. Eachsentenceends with a noun. It'll soonrelieve her mind. but I'm glad to sayI've madea complete I really wanted our first date to be a success.It's iust an unfortunate G : . 1 . memory. =t = :l :l =f =l You must have natural talent.. F tt a :¡ You've got a headache? Take some aspirin. 9 n ' T a k ei t .

' relationship. evervbodvwas in a stateof total agreement. h E I ¡. is almostimpossible! the try lt The fact that she'd had coaching from a professionalplayer gave her an unfair Not hamburgersagain! All protein. . . to find other nounsto completethe sentences. workers finally reached and management the record. rWehad expected a first class hotel.. but in fact it was the exact contusron. I want to turn on the TV but I don't know where I put the remote opposlte. Th. and no vitamins! \íhat you need is a more balanced I have some very bad news.r i Holly had a greattime in Alaska. L00 metresin only 8 seconds! He must have broken g experience. Shesaidit was an unforgettable accident. After six hours of talks. '!7hen j J 10 the fire alarm rang. I don't want a permanent advantage. k Geoff.don't ask me to marry you.When you have of f¡nished activ¡ty.a il il ..2 No u n C ol l oc ati ons 1 Sentence Cards2 J ¡ t Read out the beginning the sentenceand try to find how il ends. There has been a fatal control. diet. Each sentenceends with a noun.f -l 11 .

. You had a very short meetingwith the bank manager. o. .. programmethe video recorder.9. advantage 2 5 . I'm very sorry but I've already forgotten your name. it's amazing after such a serious illness.t . an uniortunate 1. That's OK. n. So she'snot getting a balanceddiet. c. . fru i t 1 8 .. Why can't parents use a simple remote control ? k. h. Of course otherteamwon. .. Philip and Liz got marriedat the age of 18 and got divorcedafter a year. a.. .but I'm a complete beginner on this machine. . This is the second time this week! I wonder if Rosiewill reconsider her decision. It's Andrew. No problems. Sallyis impatientand noisy while her brother is patient. d ie t 23. 15. I'm glad to see John lookingso fit and healthyagain. You must have a very bad memory. L2. I'm sorr¡ Mrs Jones..-. total . remote 17. 5. . 8. T h a t ' s a ll rig h t . F l¡ E- < = ¡-1.I thoughtyou said4. !a 4. Angela. 13.'Wesoon reachedan agreementabout the loan. and quiet. My sonJames wants to be a rock star when he grows up. a complete 24. but hardly any re a lis e h e ir a mb it io n . . 10. people aren't ready for a permanent relationship. 7. 3. Did it go OK? I think travelling air is muchsafer by than driving..50. Our youngest daughter refuses eat any to freshfruit or vegetables.3 Fr = = Él Follow-up N o u n C ol l oc ati ons 1 < = = = Match the statementsand questions in each short dialogue below with the most natural responses. g. . Ouch! I've burnt myselfon the cooker.Then underline the important word partnerships in the responses. That will relieve the pain. 22. j. t e .calm. The boardhad saidGate18. Put your hand in cold water. Mum andDad always meto ask 2. 1. n o t 4 .4 11 . True. b. a permanent 2 6 .a serious 20. . I'd have a word with her if I were you. Can't you do any better? SorryI'm late. i. So it was all total confusion in the departurelounge. 1 5. a n . but plane accidentsare usually fatal.me mo ry F ¡< =. m. Lots of boys want ro be. f. They are obviously exacr opposites. Yes. this work is awful. I t wa s ju s t a n unfortunate misunderstanding.a . 6. That would give them an unfair advantage. l.she never changes her mind. . 9. 11. In my experience... Finall¡ our flight was calledfor Gate8. d. -! h = Fa F F = h F F F EI ¡< - F l-r Now completetheseimportant adiective noun partnerships + from the exercise: 1 6 . 14. At that age. a v e r y . the Someof them are ex-professionals. . .

12.1

Noun Collocations 2
Sentence Cards1

I
I -

¡ t
I

Read out the beginning the sentenceand try to find how it ends. Each sentenceends with a noun.When you have of linishedthe activity, to find other nounsto complelethe sentences. is almost¡mpossible! try lt

I think that the experience of living in a foreign country broadens

your own Duslness.

!.

¡ t

I love your new hairstyle. Is that the latest

I

fabric.

¡
f

I

It's high time you tidied your
room. It's in a dreadful l The weatherwas warm for January.\il/e don't usually have mild

¡

place?

¡

f E
fashion?
,I

!

Don't ask who this letteris from. Justmind At first David wouldn't agree, but he changed mind after his somegentle just It feels' like silk. You'd never know it was an artificial

your mind.

drink.

mess.

E E E E E E E E
F

F ¡

Champagne? Caviar? 5 star hotels? must haveexpensive He

wlnters.

E
F L

¡

I

I

I'm driving,so no alcoholfor me. I'll justhavea soft

persuasion.

l!

r
_l

I'd like to go to the Cannes film 10 festivalthis year.When doesit take

-

tastes.

_
-l

t

) =

12.2

No u n Col l oc ati ons 2
Sentence Cards2

a
= =| =¡ = = = =

Read out the beginning the sentenceand try to find how it ends. Each sentenceends w¡tha noun.When you have of finishedthe activity, to find other nounsto completethe sentences. ¡s almost¡mposs¡ble! try lt

1

How do you think up such amazingstories?You must havea vivid
Thanks for everything. You've given us lots of helpful rX/ithoutBarbara'stechnical knowledge,we'd never have solved

weapon.

rmagrnatlon.

=l
= =¡

relative.

a a
=l =l =l
¡

A sharpknife in the handsof a
little child can be a lethal

decision.

I couldn't follow what he was saying. He had such a strong

welcome.

:l

\7hen we arrived at our uncle's nouse, weregrven warm we a

friend.

a a
I f
¡ ¡ ¡

The recentattempt to climb K2 endedin complete

advice.

She'snot a member of the family I know well. Just a distant

failure.

=t
¡

I've known Bob for years and we get alongwell. He's a very close 'We hadn't plannedto go aw^y 10 this weekend. It was a last-minute

accént.

I
¡ ¡

the problem.

a
:::

12.3

Follow-up

Noun Collocations 2

Match the statements questions eachshort dialoguebelow with the most and in natural responses. Then underlinethe important word partnerships.
1. Will therebe enoughsnow for skiing this year? 2. Look at the way that man'sdriving. That'sdangerous! 3. \ü/edon't really know whereto stayin Barcelona. 4. Look at thosehorrible bootsthat girl's wearing! 5. I'm sorry bur you haveto be 18 yearsold to buy alcohol in this bar. 6. IX/hydo we haveto do so much pronunciation work in class ? \X/hata surprise! 7. You're going to Dublin for the weekend. 8. How well do you know Linda Smithat the office? 'Víhy 9. won't the word processor print this document? 10. Could we havesomeinformationon the ReadingRock Festival? \When arrivedat Cathy'shouse, 11. I she treatedme like a total stranger. '1,2.Do you think she'sreally tellingthe whole ffuth? 'Who 13. was that handsome young man I sawyou with lastnight? 14. Ilhat a night! The party was a disasrer. Only a handfulof guests turnedup. 15. You'll neversee Karenwearingcottonor wool. Sheinsists silk and cashmere. on
a. You've missedit. It took place last month. Better luck next year! b. Didn't you know? They are the latest fashion.

c. Let's look in the manualand seeif we can solvethe problem. d. So,shedidn't giveyou a very warm welcome. e. I'm not goingto tell you, so mind your own business! f. Therewill be, as long as we don't have anothermild winter. g. Go to the tourist office.They gaveus somevery helpful advice. h. I'm not sure.I know she's a very got vividimagination. i. Because you'veall got very strongaccents. That'swhy! j. \le only bookedit yesterday. was a It last-minute decision. k. She must have very expensivetaste in
clothes.

i

I

I I
I

I

rt

I I I

I
I

'I

I

t
I

I
I I I I I I I

L She'sa good colleague, not a close but
friend.

m. In his hands, a car's a lethal weaDon.
Just keep well clear! n. $lell, in rhat case,I'll just have a soft d rin k .

a

o. It wasn't a completedisaster. had a I
great time.

,t

I

Completetheseimportant noun collocations from the exercise abové:
L6. very expensive

17. a close 18. the latest
1 9. a. ...winter

21,. a v e ry ..... we lc o me 22. a . . . . d is a s t e r 2 3 . a , . . . . . . . . we a p o n 24. very helpful

20. a soft

g = r< 1 3.1 Conditionals Sentence Cards1 Type 1 -l Read out the first part of the conditional sentenceand try to find the ending. If the weather's fine. If you take another week off wo r k . the bosswill definitelyfire you. It's easy. she can try again next year. all the plants are going to die. Fr = 10 If shedoesn'tpassthe exam this yea\ the camerarewinds automatically. take the day off work. you're going to have an accident. it = = = = = = g it boils.and provided she works hard.underline verbs the in each half. Unless rainssoon. you slow down. If she doesn't get a good night's sleep. She'sclever. Careful! Unless = f she'salways tired in the mornings. we can go to the coast tomorrow.When you have finished. in = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = If you heat water to 100oc.Then try to fin¡shthe sentences other ways. -l . If you push this bufton. =r = If you still feel awful tomorroq she'lldo well.

you'll fail the exam! . if you eat chips all day. 3. c. l'll pick up the shoppingon the way home 8. you can go to the disco. l. e. if you send it express. m. j. you'll make yourself ill. You havero rrain regularly 6. Give Mary my regards 2. o. Of course you put on weight 4. If you keeppullingthe cat'stail. If you'vedonethe work. if you play that music so Ioudly. if I finish work early. f. 4. Unless taxi arrives the soon. 1 l. If you promise comehomeby 11. h. It should arrivetomorrowmorning 12. n. unlessI pay back the loan.2 C o n d iti onal s Follow-up Ty pe 1 j Exercise 1 Match the first and second parts of the sentences below: 1. lf you havero work late tonight. 13. it never b¡eaksdown. 2 . g. if you want to stay in the first team. I won't get the job if I don't passmy driving test. i. lil 'q EÍ ' 't 9.13. If you go on earing thosechocolates. You won't get in if you don't have a ticket. you'll passthe exam. ro 7. phone to say when you'll be home. d. Provided car is serviced a regularl¡ a. Bel-rave yourself!If you'rea goodgirl. The matchwill be off if the weatherdoesnt clearup. The next-door neighbours complain will 10. cl Exercise 2 change the following sentences that eachcontainsthe word unless: so 1. you can have an ice-cream. 5. if you seeher at the weekend. The bank will repossess car the 14. 15. she'll scratchyou. k. b. 3 . we're going to be late for the party. If your English doesn'r improve.

he'd look much smarter. F F F F F = If my English was absolutely perfect.underl¡ne verbs the in each half. we could sit outside in the g ar d e n .Then try to finishthe sentences otherways. I'd be more sympathetic. you'd be able to get up in the mornings. u :¡ :t = 9 If the weather wasn't so awful. If Maria stayed in Britain for vear. If his hair wasn't so long._t I could get a job as an interpreter. F F F¡ = = If peopledidn't drive so fast on this road. in Late again! If you didn't stay up so Iate.When you have finished. h I'd love to do more cooking.J = 1t 14. ts trr = = = = 6 IfI I nao my adoressDooKwltn me. z z 1 10 If I had the time. :l 7 If we won the lotter¡ I'd be ableto phoneher. there wouldn't be so many accidents. her Englishwould really lmprove. If you were reallyill.1 Conditionals Sentence Cards Type 2 - = = = = = = = Read out the first part of the cond¡tional senlenceand try to f¡ndthe ending. we could buy the house of our dreams. I r | | l . .

If we had some better players. d .. if you were a little more sociable. w e . f. IR IF! If people IF better. 1.{ 14.. if my car wasn'tat the garage. 13. 2. If I had the confidence. I'd decorate kitchen n. we wouldn't have to do theseexercises' j. I wouldn't havea problembuyingshoes. I'd reallyappreciate 11. If Anna did the necessarY morearoundthe house. l. if he took more interest in clothes. IF w e a better [Fyou in a bigger house. if you took a little moreexercise. 3. . If Robert did a little more practice. lf I were you.. If we spokeperfectEnglish. IF mo remo n e y. he'd be an excellentguitarist.2 Co n d iti onal s Follow-up -t J t' i 1 Exercise below: Match the first and second Parts of the sentences 1. You would feelmuch healthier 7.. You'd makefriends 9. i. I wouldn't feelso nervous - 5.' needthe word IF! . 2 Exercise in Filt in the spaces this text with suitableverbs: thingslike: IF we use Don't you think people rhe word IF too much?They are alwayssaying job.. we . . Shewouldn't think you wereboring m . the L5. IR no waitinglistsfor hospitals. b .4. o 6. .acar likethepeoplen ex tdoor ' afto rd to g o ro F l o ri d a onholiday. . He could look muchsmarter work' 12. shemight get a good pass.. If my feetweren'tso big. 8. if you didn't driveso fast. IFonlywe.. k. I could give you a lift home a .. we'd havea chance winning the cup. c .. there IF schools dream. I'd be very careful what you say to him' o. if I had more free time. it 10.. ! of e . if you didn't talk about computersall the time. .: 4. . if you helped I'd try windsurfing D' h..

F Ir I = If we'd arrived just a few minutesearlier.1 Co n d itional s :Ty pe3 Sentence Cards - = = = = = ¡rl Readoutthefirstpartof the conditional sentence try to findtneending. I might have done better in my exams. ¡l 1 5. underline tn"G6l in eachhalf. the we might have caught the train. If you had remembered bring to the road map. we wouldn't have got lost. they wouldn't have stayed together so long. :l 1l t0 lt was a gre^t party. t. - If my parentshad had more money. If you'd gone.' d you would have enjoyed yourself. 5 I trl = =| ta I Fr If we hadn't goneto Jackie's party. but if he'd accepted job. I'm sure he would have regretted it. we'd never have met each other. shewouldn't havegot sunburnt. . Stupid man! If he'd followed our aovlce.J -a -. and wnen youhavef¡nished. Thentry to f¡nish sentences other the in wavs. If Janehadn't srayed in the out sun so long. :t :t :t :l :l :l :¡ He's happynow. he wouldn't have got into trouble. rd = = If Mike and Cathy had got married. F' { J :¡ = If I hadn't spenrevery night at the disco' g they could have sent me to a better school.

n. 4. an accident e. electrocuted f. if you hadn't spent so long in the bath. to 8. i. we wouldn't be in this messnow. 2 Exercise We sometimesuse similar conditionals in situations where we regret that with the condition? somethinghas not happened. If Robert had beenwearing a crash helmet. missed plane the h. If only I'd seenthe red light! If only I'd called in the electrician! If only we'd taken enough money! b. If you had booked in advance. if I'd known how much petrol it uses. I'd never have booked the holiday. I could have met you at the airport 5. If onlywe hadn'tgoneswimming! 2.I 15. pay the hotel bili . if you hadn't eatenthose shellfish. 3. m. food poisoning c. 2. If only I'd gone to the dentist! 7. if y o u h a d n ' t b e e n s o imp a t ie n t . Iwo u ld neverhaveboughtthisc a r 12. We would have got soaked 15. o. it wouldn't have beenstolen. 4. g. If the boss had discovered taken the day off. She might have acceptedour offer I'd 9. '!le would have arrived at the party by now c. ! 11 . f. You wouldn't have got food poisoning j. 7. 10. e. stung by jellyfish off 5. If only we had set the alarm! a. if she'd done more speaking practice. 3. l. lf only I hadn't eatenthat cake! 8. if you'd paid me. he wouldn't have been killed. if I'd known yon were arriving today. If you'd remembered lock the car door. If the weather had been better last weekend. lf you had listenedto me in the first place.Can you match thesedisasters 1. 13. 6. if you hadn't taken our raincoats. we wouldn't be lookingfor a room now! h. If I'd known this hotel was so awful. I'd have been in real trouble. a. d. Barbara might have passedher exam interview b. a fire g. If only we'd switched thecooker! 6. we might have gone to the seaside. I wouldn't have gone to Paul's party 14.2 Cond¡t¡onals Follow-up Type 3 Exercise 1 below: Match the first and secondparts of the sentences 1. k . toothache d.

If you won't tell me what's wrong. how do you expectme to help you? 8 If you're having no luck getting through on the phone. don't bother .When you have finished.underline verbs ¡n in each half. If we're having them over for dinner. we'd never have met in the first place. . why don't you fax them? If we're going to catch that train. try to do it quietly! If it's nine o'clock in the morning here. If you werethinking of applying for that iob in accounts.1 C o n d itional s Sentence Cards Mi x ed the Read out the first part of the conditional sentenceand try to find the ending. Fr b If I hadn't stopped help her to change tyre. d you neverwill. a we'd betterget a move on! If you haven'taskedher out yet. why didn't you say? 10 If you must practisethe trumpet in your room. If you knew you couldn't come on the 16th.Then try to finishthe sentences other ways. we'd better get a couple of bottles of wine.it's gone. It must be three ln the afternoon there.= á = = 1 6.

why did you give her roast chicken? 4. Why did you order the caviat 15. Everythingshouldbe fine 1 1 . . Don't ring 9. if you've only got a fiver to spend? g. 9. 72. I'd offer to helP 5. If you won't make an effort. you'd be mad to spend{30. You wouldn't be feeling sick 3. if I thought it would do anY good' o. 4. They'd love that! 11. I'd never seenanYthinglike it' 2. It'd never crossedmY mind! 6. now' of be a. \We'djust gone out. k. It might be quicker 7. l.' f 10. If Angelahad marriedPierre' 2 Exercise does 'd meanutould or had? In the following examPles 1. u n le s sit ' s u rg e n t . If I'd known Y ou were in town. You'd love it. If you knew shewas a vegetarian. if you hadn't eaten so much chocolate' e. 6.16. you'd better pack some more clothes' h . 3.. If we'd caught the earlier train. 2. m. t 5. how do you exPectto succeed? f. she'd livingin theSouth France b. 8. l f y o u a skme . I think I'd ignore the letter.2 Co n d itional s Follow-up Mi x ed 1 Exercise below: Partsof the sentences Match the first and second 1. a . l'd bettertake an umbrella 13. if it ' s g o in g t o ra in a g a in . then where could you have lost them? n. i. lü7hat'dyou do? S7hat'dyou done? They'd iust about given uP hoPe' 10. if You get a taxí to the airPort' c. If you had your keYswhen You left.000 on a car! j. we'd be in Edinburgh bY now' d. I 14. we could have gone out for a meal' l. How'd they got there? 7.. She'd believed him. If you're stayingin Milan an extra week. B. providing we don't Panic. \¡(¡ho'dknow? L2.

Lesson19 practisesreported speech using say. might hauedone etc. Lessons17 and 18 ask learnersto transform nonmodal expressionsinto expressionsusing modal verbs.Section 3 Rephrasing Activities The activities in this section require learnersto reformulate sentences according to suggested structural patterns. and ask and Lesson20 the use of more complex reporting verbs . refuse.admit.must hauedone. Lesson17: Lesson18: Lesson19: Lesson 20: Lesson21: Lesson22: Lesson23: Modal Verbs 1 Modal Verbs 2 Reported Speech Reporting Verbs tansformations 1 Sentence Transformations2 Sentence Sentence tansformations 3 . Lessons21 23 revise many of the structural transformations typically tested in many examinations.tell. and demand. Lesson 18 includes a number of modal verbsfollowed by the perfect.

1 Modal Verbs 1 Cards1 Sentence I Say these sentencesin anotherway usingthe modalg¡ven. can 10 ['m sure we're going to have good weather tomorrow. will tr-- I . could 5 <{ I want to leave the room. Saturday have to 9 She is able to play the guitar really well. must I for tomorrow! It isn't necessary me to get up early. of Can you make more sentences a similarpattern? 1 '!íhat this evening? about going to PizzaExpress shall 2 I'm sure this is the restaurantwe ate at. may . must I 3 This definitely isn't the réstaurant we ate at. 6 Please help me with my bags. can 4 Maybe this is the housewe're looking for.? 17. . would T 7 You are not allowed to smoke in this building.

Perhaosit's Susan. can Her advice to me was "Don't work too hard" should . It isn't necessary do any more work. would Fr b rnere ls someoneat the door. Can you make more sentences a similarpattern? of F =l Please have lunch with us on Sunday. might '\üü'e've finished.it's OK for you to leaveearly.20? for could It was necessary me to work all day last Saturday.la =t =l 17. I'm can .8 Is it possible you to lend me f. to need 9 times 9 makes 9L? I'm sure that's wrong. 2 Modal Verbs 1 Sentence Cards2 FT Say these sentencesin anotherway usingthe modalgiven. for ' have to 10 {.35 for two hamburgers? surethis bill isn't right. must Why don't we seea film this evening? shall Yes.

will 9 There is a possibility of better weather tomorrow. should I insist you say sorry to him.3 Modal Verbs 1 Sentence Cards3 t ¡ ¡ I Say these sentences anotherway usingthe modalgiven. for have to ¡ I . It isn't necessary me to studyany more. My advice to you is "Relax" should F ¡ T ¡ 5 It's not a good idea to eat so much chocolate. could ¡ I ¡ I I was told to work late at the office yesterday. in Can you make more sentences a similarpattern? of T I ¡ 1 Shewas able to play the guitar when shewas eight years old. can ¡ L I I ¡ 4 You worry too much.17. Let me help you. must 7 It isn't possiblefor me to meet you this evening. have to ¡ ¡ I ¡ 3 Thosebagslook heavy. might 10 I've finishedmy exams. can I I'm going to give up smoking in the New Year.

Maybe your glasses in the bathroom. Yes. You are not allowed to buy cigarettesif you're under 18. Why don't we have a quiet eveningat home? 2. 9. :t ¡{ = shall can could may must have to can/ can - F l¡ F F F F F F F = 3. She is an excellent guitarist but a terrible singer. It isn't necessary you to do any more work today. 14.4 Modal Verbs 1 Follow-up Rephrasethe following sentences using the modal verb given: 1. for 7. 13.I'm certainthis is the streetwhere Kate lives. 8. 10. My adviceto you is "Don't be too optimistic" 15.= = = = 17. Let me help you to push the car. Do stay for dinner this evening. of courseit's OK to use the phone.l'm sure this isn't the streetwhere Kate lives. 11. Is it all right if I use the phone? 5. I'm never going to arrive late again. F F 2 :l would can should can 2 a = =l will must :t =l :l t should a :l will -t . 12. ['m sure you're going to have a wonderful time. are 4. 6.It's a good idea for you to get more sleep.

It was full yesterday. would In the past.<- 18. can can I l. wont rt 'f $ a i It wasn't necessary me to work late last night.d' I n1 il I don't believe car has run out of petrol. Perhaps droppedthem ih the strdet.3 Modal Verbs 2 Cards3 Sentence Say these sentencesin a different way usingthe modalg¡ven. there wasn't so much tra. usedto I recommendthe exhibition at the British Museum. might Dave knows how to play the piano but not how to read music. the can Now don't worry. for have to I don't like Anna's parties but it would be rude not to go. 10 What do you think Anna is doing?Lying on a hot sunnybeach? might . 2 i Come round this eveningand have a drink with the family. 7 I . ought to I I can't find my keys. must {+ .fficon this road. I'm sure to rememberour appointment.

a 8. Relax! I'm confident we're going to arrive in good time for the concert. You haven'thad lunch? Then I'm sureyou'revery hungry. z :r t'lt 15' can relax because You there'sno oblieation to write any more. can have to 5. we 9. 4. ' may 13. have to .4 Modal Verbs 2 Follow-up Rephrase following sentences the usingthe modal verbsin bold type: 1. I refuseto go to Anna's party . will 12. It's we What do you suggest do? shall should z 2 14'I wish I hadn't eatenall thoseshellfish. 7. 11. I don't recognise this street. Saturdaynight. I think it's a good idea for women to be paid more than men.Maybe we took a wrong turning. What's that noise?> Maybe it's the childrenplayingupstairs. 10.and that's final! F E F F E h F F F F EI trft won't must 2. could should usedto could must might 6. I'm certain she hasn't forgotten our appointment. Jenny hasn't turned up. 3.f.Joe smoked40 cigarettes day. n Fr fl 7 1A. I'm sorry it wasn't possiblefor me to meet you at the airport. I sent the letter last week so I'm sure Tohnhas receivedit.My doctor insiststhat I avoid all fatty foods. I suggest stop at abar for a drink. In the past.

. He said. Could you help me with my luggage? Sheasked .... me 10 The weathermay get much worse tomorrow... us Don't worry! Shetold him . ll Shesaid..... me Are you going anywhereat the weekend? Thev asked ... 2 I won't have enough time to finish this job.. Shesaid. Pay particular ¡n attention the verb tensesand to oronouns.. . us Do you know who the principalof the college is? He asked . '!íe must leave soon....... They said.. \lhat time does the party start? They asked .1 Reported Speech Sentence Cards1 Say these sentences anotherway usingthe promptat the end of the line. I always eat lots of fresh fruit and salad. He told us .......... It s Deena long tlme slnce I had such a good meal.1 9.

. Shesaid.. They said........ I ¡ A 2 'Wehaven'tbeento the art galleryfor ages.. .. Pay particular to attention the verb tensesand pronouns.. The doctor told him .. 10 \X/ait hereuntil I get back.... They said .. I A I I can get homeon my own..a a I ¡ 19...t I 3 'S7hen you leave did the housethis morning? He asked me . Sheasked z ¡ t ¡ ¡ ¡ 9 'We'regoing on holiday tomorrow..2 Reported Speech Sentence Cards2 Say these sentencesin anotherway usingthe promptat the end of the line.. I ¡ I I 4 I'll think aboutit. 6 You shouldcut down on your smoking.. - t z I I ¡ 5 I think I shouldhavephonedmy mother. She told him . Shesaid..... a z t 7 Do you understand rulesof reportedspeech? the He asked me ... a . a .. He said. a =l B t 'S7'hen I seeyou again? will him .

. JU|ra Saro r l.. 11..: 7. Emma hasn't eaten anything all day. . James 15. 5. Are you leavingas soon as the coursefinishes? Anna askedme..19. please? 4. Don't phone me at the office again. Robert told me 14. 'S7ould you move your car. 8.3 Reported Follow-up Speéch ' t-' ¡'= Rephrase following sentences using the words in bold tvpe: the 1. Shecan't haveleft without sayinggoodbye.. . How long will you stayin Baltimore? Sheaskedme . How fluentis your English? My bossasked . . .. 10. \7e haven't watched any TV for ages... Be careful! told his son . FFI r ney salo 'I 12.. Emma's mother said . I'm going to finish the decoratingtomorrow Hesaid '$7here 6. . . He askedme . 9. me . 2. . We were in Edinburgh last week. . . Why can't you come to my party? Sally asked me .. . . He said 3. . can I find information about museumsin Madrid? S h e a s ke d me . . 13. I don't know mv wav round San Francisco. I can run 100 metresin 11 seconds. Shetold him . They told us .

Take the exam again. He / compliment z z t . 2 The accidentwas all my fault. Can I give you a hand? She/ offer / him I t . a ir ¡ = I know you can do it. She/ beg z a 7 ¡ No. He / encourage . it wasn't me. She/congratulate/him z a ¡ I want to speak to the manager .a 7 =l 7 ¡ 2ro^.NO\7! He / demand z z ¡ Shall we have a quiet eveningat home? She / suggest - t 7 7 There's no way I'm going on holiday with mum and dad. Pay particular attentionto the verb tenses and pronouns. mum. He / refuse z :t ¡ Oh please! Let me go to Sharon'sparty. She/ admit t I a t ¡ That's a veryelegant suit you'rewearing. He /deny 10 Thosebagslook very heavy. I didn't eat the last chocolatebiscuit.Síell done! You've got great exam results.1 Reporting Verbs Cards1 Sentence Say these sentencesin anotherway usingthe words at the end of the line.Sonia. 4 .

I'll pay for the drinks. I'd be very careful what you say to her. Say these sentencesin anotherway usingthe words at the end of the line.00pm. He / insist Don't crossthe road here. S h e / a d v is e/th e m I'm very sorry I'm so late. I'll definitelybe thereat 8. S h e / wa r n /th e m That's very kind of you.! zto-. She/ promise 10 'v7hat about going for e meal to rhat new chineserestaurant? He / suggest . It's dangerous. rVhat a lovely present! He lt h a nk/h e r If I were you.2 Reporting Verbs Sentence Cards2 pronouns. put your money away. He / apologise Dón't worry. He / r e m ind /h e r 3 \7ould you like to come fór lunch on Sunday? S h e / in v i te /m e No. eay particular attention the verb tenses to and Could you tell me the way ro the city cenrre? She/ want to know 2 Now don't forget to lock all the doors and windows.

Try to come along. ^ z z z a z a t L. I'll definitely get my hair cut this week. She/ admit He / apologise 10. Shall we stop for a coffee break? She/ suggest } { e/offe r /m e 6. You haven't got the car today? I could give you a lift home. S h e / in vi te /u s He / promise z z z z = 8. 7. / She refuse He / deny 12. 9.00am. I / insist 15.l'm not to blame. u z il 11. I ate the last chocolate biscuit.3 - Heladvise/her 14. 13. I neverusedthe officephonefor personal calls. !7e can't go yet. 'V7e're having a party on Sunday evening. Yes. 5. She/ compliment He / want to know z a u z z z z z z z 2 2 Does anyone know who this car belongsto? 3.a 7 ¡ 2(J-. It's disgusting! I'm not going to eat any more. They'revery hot. I'm so sorry I forgot about our appointment. Excellent! That was a lovelv dinner. I want to seeevery picture in the gallery before leaving. Robert. Careful! Don't touch thoseplates. it was me. Don't forget to set your alarm clock for 6. If I were you.3 Reporting Verbs Follow-up 7 =¡ a a =¡ Rephrase following sentences usingthe words given: the 1. I'd spend yeaf abroad before university. I'm tired. Why don't we wash the dishesin the morning? She / suggest . S h e / r e m ind /h i m He/war n/them 4.

.Donna got the job. If Dad hadn't given Sally the money. Janeplaysthe guitar betterthan I do.. .I'll hit . 11 we 12 Shalla t . > We didnt succeed . I 18 This is the most deliciousmeal I've everhad. Bananascan't possiblybe grown in such a cold climate. . . > Older peoplehave. Discuss which suggest¡ons are the closest in meaning to the or¡g¡nal sentences. that again. > I t is n t . .. >I' venever ....stop for lunch? >Wh . > Janehas only . . Although shedidn't havethe qualifications. 'S7e can't buy a new car becausewe don't have enough money.. >It' simpossible. > I f we . > W ithout.. . . > I wis h . Operating this computer isn't 10 20 difficult.... Rephrasethese sentences us¡ng the prompts.. Can you make other sentences usingthe same patterns? 'We've been living in Liverpool for two years. . 13 I'd prefer you to wear a different tie. . in He drove so fast that he frishtened 15 6 us. . .. . . . > Pe op l e . . > I m usth a ve . the plane of couldn'ttake off... 9 It's difficult for olderpeopleto learna language.. > W e mo ve d . >Ica n't... ..... > I t w a sve ryco l d . ..1 SentenceTransformations 1 Cards1 Sentence Because the fog. If you you. > He was He is believedto be an international criminal. >I' dr ather . at Janehasn'tmademuch progress 19 school. 14 'We couldn't find out what was wrong with the car.. .. .21 . 7 17 > Do n tdo. The car needsservicingbefore we go on holiday. she couldn't have gone into business. ... > D e sp i te . > The fog prevented .. I put on the heating because was rt very cold. . I'm sorry I didn't take my mother's 16 advice.. .. ..

... He was such a fast driver that he frightenedus.... I must have the car servicedbefore we go on holiday.. Jane has only made a little progress at school. > W e ca n t. > Because. ... > If... >It's . F F F F F I 18 I've never had such a delicious meal. >We c oul dn't.. >If... Despitenot having the qualificatio Donna got the job... If we had enough money. .t = 21 ..... > The car needs .. . > H ed ro ve .. 5 '$7e in didn't succeed finding out what was wrong with the car. - 15 \flithout her Dad'smone¡ Sally couldn't havegoneinto business. > I'm sorry.2 Sentence Transformations 1 Cards2 Sentence Fr F u Fa F E:I Rephraselhese senlences using the prompts.. tr F F F F:I 3 '$fhat 12 about stopping for lunch? >Shall . > W e 've ... 16 F F F F¡ 7 17 Don't do that again or I'll hit you.. > Janehasn' t. we could buy a new car. 13 ts >Although... Peoplebelieve that he is internationalcriminal. > I p u t... . . > H ei s. ..... F F F- 4 14 F F F F Fe It's impossibleto grow bananasln such a cold climate. 11 The fog prevented the plane from taking off... Can vou make other sentences usinqthe same patterns? We moved to Liverpool2 years ago... It was very cold so I put on the heating. > Bananas cant. I'd rather you wore a different tie. 19 F Fr 10 20 It isn't difficult to operate this computer. > Thisis. Discuss wh¡ch suggestionsare the closest in meaning to the or¡ginal sentences. I wish I'd takenmy mother's advice.... > I' dpr efer .... Older peoplehavedifficulty learninga language. ... >Janepl ay s ... I can't play the guitaras well as Janedoes... > Oper ating...

I regretnot staying on at collegeto take my finals. Margaretplaysmuch more skilfullythan Tony. I must have MT' -!t 6. . We'll have to leavewithout him if he doesn't arrive soon. 'We arrived late. l can t unoerstano nrm Decause speaKsso qulcKly. 'Tlne sunwas verystrongso we put on plentyot sun-Dlock.3 Sentence Transformations 1 Follow-up -¡l I . Although Robert wasn't feelingwell.3. a r rI I I | | I . Bedrooms 12. he went to work. I suggestwe have a coffee break. | | I1 I¿ ul :¡ I f h ed i d n 't. Unless 15. . Tony doesn't 14. People this restaurantis the best in town. Despite ' ne J. I'd rather you didn't smoke in the kitchen.. My dressneedsdry-cleaningbefore the party. say This restaurant .-u1¡ Rephrasethe following sentences using the words given: 1. I'd prefer 11. What 7.. 4.ü t^ 21 . 2. I We put L0.. so we missed the beginning of the concert. F Julia started. If we hadn't 8. Hotel guests must vacatetheir bedroomsby 11. The meal It - 5.00am. fr r o never fr I f || | 't y. It was the most difficult exam I'd ever taken. It was such an awful meal that we complainedto the waiter. I wish 1. Julia has been working for this company for six years.

15 16 If you eat more.. The accidenthappenedbecause the driver didn't seerhe red lieht.. ..... . Nicola can swim faster than anyone eiseat the club. 14 It was sucha high shelfthat Ralph couldn't reach it. . .. > Ishould... John spoke to his girlfriendbefore taking the job. 11 12 Is it all right if I leavethe room? >M a y .. >Tr aceywas. > I f ... F =r r- Rephrasethese sentences using the prompts. I'd rather you didn't put your dirty feet on the sofa. Can you make other sentences usingthe same patterns? < F F F F F F F F F F F trl 2 Unlessyou do some revision. . . z z =e :z = :¡ It is years sinceJane visitedSpain... > The shelf was too There was no need for you to work late last night. 20 .. 17 Canyou tellmehow longthepoolis? > Can you tell m e t h e .t I = 22. > Yo ud i d n t. 13 F¡ F 4 I'm sorry I can't come to the disco tonight. to > Itis. > Would you mind . . . > I' venever ... . > J a n e h a sn t. 18 This is the first time I've beento an all-night party. ..1 Sentence Cards1 SentenceTransformations 2 I last wenr ro a footballmatch when I was at school...... > I f . The police arrestedthe escaped prisoner Iast night. >Ihavent. It takes an hour to fly from Brussels London. a a u a a ! I 19 10 tVhat is the meaning of anxious? > W h a td o e s. you get fatter. .. > I w i sh .. Discuss which suggestionsare the closest in meaning to the original senlences..... .... I regret not apologisingto her sooner. >Themor e. Tracey thought the election result was very surprlslng. > The escaped prisoner .... > Nobody. J o h nd i d n t. >W ehave... 'We don't intend to live in this house permanently....you won't passyour exam..¡ . .

7 Janehasn'tvisitedSpain for years. 14 Traceywas very surprised the by election result. > Iti s ... 20 . 6 16 > I f y o u . . Can you make other sentences usingthe same paflerns? If you don't do somerevision.... .you won't passyour exam. ... ... . . The escaped prisoner was arrested by the police last night. The moreyou eat. > There was .. If the driver had seenthe red light. > It was such You didn't needto work late last night. 11 I haven't beento a football match sinceI was at school> Ilast.. 18 9 19 \le haveno intentionof living in this house permanently. >U n l e ss..I t "41 22..... > The accident happened . Can you tell me the length of the 17 pooll ll > Can you tell me how I've never been to an all-night party before. > This is the John didn't take the fob until he had spokento his girlfriend.. 2 12 May I leavethe room? >Isi t 13 I wish I could cometo the disco tonight.. the fatter you get. >Thepolice. It is a one-hourflight from Brussels 15 to London. NTould you mind not puttingyour dirty feeton rhe sofa? >I'drather. > Nicola can swim .... . > It takes ... >Traceythought.. >Wedont. . The shelfwas too high for Ralph to reach.. > J ohn s pok e. Nobody at the club can swim as fast as Nicola. > I'm s orry . . . I shouldhaveapologisedto her sooner.. the accident wouldn'thavehappened..2 Sentence Cards2 Sentence Transformations2 I !l sentences. > I regretnot 10 What doesanxiousmean? >Whati s .

Do you know how far it is from Seattleto Vancouver? Do you know the 7. They are repairing the road outside the house. I wish 4 ./ 1 3. We've 72. e a ¡ a ¡ ¡ ¡ -t If 11.It was sucha big sofa we couldn't get it into the living room. The road a ¡ - I z z ¡ - 5 . The sofa was too . ¡ I ¡ ¡ ¡ ! Antony .a ¡ ¡ ¡ 22. Sherefused 10. Nobody in the family could eat as much as Antony. the slimmer you get. Unless 9. The lessyou eat. he missed dinner.3 SentenceTransformations 2 Follow-up z I r- Rephrase the following sentencesusing the words given: 1. I've no 15. Robert got here so late. I'm sorry I didn't phoneyou yesterday. z ¡ I should 8 . I don't objectto peoplesmokingin restaurants.'Vlewalked 10km beforesroppingfor a break. Barbara thought 6. You won't get into the first team squad if you don'r train harder. If 3. Barbara was very bored by the party. Shewouldn't give an explanationfor her absence. I'd love to have a little more money. 'We moved to this street six years ago. We didn't 14. IvfayI usethe car tonight? { ¡ Is it all right 2.

.. 16 s 17 18 il J 10 Mary was the only student absent from class. >W emanaged. Gail demandedto speakto the manager.1 SentenceTransformations 3 Sentence Cards1 Darren left quickly so that he didn't haveto buy his friendsa drink.you could write that much faster.. > S h ea d vi se d . . . >A p a rt. '$7ith a word processor. Discuss which suggestionsare the closest in meaning to the original sentences. Can you make othersentencesusingthe same patterns? b l' \7e all thought Bill's story was very amusing.. >Thebank.. ]I a- w' : 23. >T h i si sth e . 'S7ould you like to go to the cinema this evening? >Dovoufancv.. The day was so dreadful that we cancelled the trip. . 'We'venever seensuch beautiful scenerybefore.... After three attempts we succeeded in starting the car... ... > The exhibition wasnt . 15 They'regoing to install new traffic lightshere.. . \7e had hoped the exhibition woul be more interesting.. . .. . > New traffic lights . 'S7e tried our hardest but couldn't completethe crossword. . e !tü r It looks as if nobody's at home. > If. ú Rephrasethese sentencesusing the prompts. Do you know the height of that skyscraper? >D o yo u kn o w h o w . . > There doesn't seem . The last sentence. > We were all The reasonGrace didn't get the job was because she was inexperienced.. . .. > Darren left quickly to ... . David. > Gail insisted. 'S7hata relief! > Iwas. .. > However .. 20 ......a '1. Your Englishseems be to 19 improving... In comparison with Japan... .. you had better take some vitamin pills with you.... ... the cost of living in the USA is low > If you compare . 11 12 13 4 14 John borrowedthe money from the bank to buy a new apartment.. >l tw a ssu ch . >If. > It sounds as though . .

we couldn't completethe crossword... SheadvisedDavid to take some vitamin pills with him. There doesn't seemto be anybody at home. >Th e y 're... . 20 . .. Apart from Mar¡ every student was presentin class. ...she would have got the job. the cost of living in the USAis low. . The exhibition wasn't as interesting as we had hoped. If Grace had been experienced. Gail insistedon speakingto the manager. .. > David. 11 Darren left quickly to avoid buying his friendsa drink....a a z u z a ¡ 23. Can you make other senlencesus¡ngthe same patterns? 'V7e were all very amused by Bill's story. . I was relievedit was the last sentence.... > We all thought . After three attempts we managed to start the car..you could write that much faster.. . . .. However hard we tried. The bank lent John the money to buy a new apartment. > W e h a d h o p e d .. . vou had . . > In comparison . . It soundsas though your English is improving... Discuss which suggestionsare the closest in meaning to the original sentences. . cancelled > T h ed " y. > I t l o o ksa s.. >W esucceeded. 14 z z z z a a a I I ¡ 5 15 Do you fancy going to the cinema this evening? > Would you like.. u a I 12 a z a z a a 13 This is the most beautifulscenery we'veeverseen. If you comparethe USA with Japan.. > Darren left quickly so .. .. . . 16 7 17 t 18 e z ¡ 19 a ¡ z t 10 Do you know how high that skyscraper is? > Do you know the . . . >Gaildem anded. It was such a dreadful day that we the trip.. .. > We'veneverseen. .2 Sentence Transformations3 Sentence Cards2 Rephrase these sentences using the prompts.. If you had a word processor. New traffic lights are going to be installed here. >John... > We tried our . > M a ryw a sth e . > Your English seemsto be . >W ith. . > The last sentence!What . > The reason Grace didn't . .

Ellen has got so 'lZ. Sheadvisedhim to listen carefully to her instructions.They ought to havedone the repairsby now. expectedthere to be more spectators the match. I want to know how 9. Paul and Georgewere always arguing but they remainedgood friends. I was surprisedto hear you're expecting triplets! tiplets! What 10. at There weren't 4. The weather seemsto be improving. I want to know the depth of the river at this point. This is the most disgustingcoffeeI've ever tasted. she would be he¡e by now. It looks as '\üle'd 3. Why don't we speakto the shop manager? Francis suggested 14. 15. The traffic prevented Leslie . However much 8.3 'rr Sentence Transformations 3 Follow-up I Rephrasethe following sentences using the words given: 1. . I left work early to avoid getting held up in the rush-hour traffic. \X/ehaven'tgot a phone so we have to usethe public call box. Mary was the only guest not wearing casualclothesat rhe party.shedoesn'tknow how to spendit. 11. . Il Tf . Apart 7. I've never 6.r_tl rne repalrs . .. Ellen has got such a lot of money. 13. Trains in Britain are very expensive compared to Italy. You'd 2.f { 23. . . I left work early so 5. I In comparison . .If Leslie hadn'tbeendelayed in the traffic..

Lesson 27 focuses link words and time expr:essions.< - r¡ = < =l :¡ Completion Activities a I { < =¡ :A = Z U ' = =¡ =¡ = These lessons all require the learners to finish off incomplete sentencesusing grammar and vocabulary prompts to help them. therefore. Lesson24: Lesson252 Lesson 26: Lesson27: Sentence Completion 1 Sentence Completion 2 Gerund or Infinitive ClauseCompletion I ? ¡ a ¡ ¡ ! .*. complementation.. slightly more open-endedthan those in the previous secrionsof this book. The activities are. the infinitive. on a Z .i* I .r:. 'With learnerswho are not used to working in independentgroups it may be better to start them off with a straightfot-"rd matching activity fiom Section 2 before using the more challengingactivities in this section. Lesson 24 .and the -ing form v.26 all practise multi-verb sentences.

..M a v b e t h e v . . . 24. 17 Are you doing anythingtonight? > No. . Ft It's so expensive.. . t3 \7hat shall we do tonisht? > I suggest we ü r - '$7hat shall we do tonight? > It would be great 14 Saturdayor Sunday? I can't decide when. .. .1 Sentence Completion Cards Sentence 1 I !ü{ Read out the sentenceon your card.. If I had the time.. On Saturday nights... Ruth isn't coming..why not? It's ages since we Iast. b Ia J ür We haven't made any definite plans for tonight.You must completeit with the phraseGO TO THE CINEMA. . She's neverreally liked . . . 'Why don't 18 c a lle d . .. .i. There's nobodyat home. . w e. No-one answered phonewhen the I I 9 Last night we watched TV instead of 19 Jan would rather stay at home. . I don't want to go to the game. I. . . 11 t h e y .we always. .but we .. 12 I'd love to come with you but I'm notsur eifl. .ig¡:".but this Friday we . 16 Yes. . Geoffrey'swife doesn't allow 20 'S7e usuallygo to the game on Fridaynights.Shethinks I 7 I'd love to come but I'm too busy. There's no p o i n t. . . Perhaps I Tü He's a terrible director... .I wish I had the mo n e y. but I'd reallv love I'm tired of the disco. . . . I' d p re fe r.. L 10 him ..:t a. . . 15 is too exoensive.This meansthat you will have to changethe grammarof this phraseto f¡t your sentence.

8. I 2. Maybe she . . why not . Perhaps they the 12. Joe and Anna usuallvstavat homeat the weekends this Saturdav but thev 7. Tonight's game has beencancelled. Last night we watched the game as well as . F ET Fe F Fe b 6. Thanks for the invitation.It must be years since she last if 5. I'm glad you've got tickets for the game because really hate . Come on! You can afford it. I'm alwaysso busy. I wish I had the time . If I had the time. If I wasn'tbaby-sitting. it would be nice 11.I'd love 14. Let'sask grandma shewantsto come. . I 15. . Nobodyis answering phone. 10. It doesn'tcost that much 13.'S7henwe called at Monica's house. 'V7e all saw it yesterdayso there's no point E ts F F E F E 9. It's no use inviting Tane.= 24. Have you madeany plansfor this evening? >'$7ell. Shenever . Joe'snot surewhat he'sgoingto do tonight but he 4.she wasn't at home. . so F Fa 3. There'salwayssucha lot to do.2 F E2 1 Sentence Completion Follow-up 1 F F 2 F = Complete the following sentences with the correct form of GO TO THE CINEMA: 1.

11 Barbara had already seen so ir.c a rd ' Y o u m ust-mptetei t* i tnt have to changelhe grammarof this phraseto fit your sentence. ... ..what about .. . They m lgnr. insteadof the game.. I'd rather we . .You should 18 My father said when he was a young man everybodyusedto I Sorr¡ I'm just too tired. 3 Iüe must for ages! . 16 I've got to work latetonight. we 2 No.. ..25. 20 I don't know what to do tonight. . not tonight.1 Sentence Cards Sentence Completion 2 l Readout t hes e n te n c e o n y o u r. There'snobodyat home.. 14 I wishI . >'$7ell.so I'm lookingforward 17 EverySaturdaynighr for the past six yearsSally \7e had a great time last night but you weren'tthere. 4 Comeon.. I'm much too tired 12 Sheknew all about the big game eventhough she.. . I'm not interestedin watching the g a me . . We haven't been 13 Not again! Can't we do something differ enr fr om..but I'd rather 7 I adoreHumphrey Bogart. C o u l d n 'tw e ... 19 Gerry prefersstayingin to 10 My grandmotherwas always fond of. ... 15 lt's over a yearsincewe last What are you doing this weekend? > \7e're thinking of . hurry up! It's ti mew e.

Eachweekend. Oh no! I missed Tom Cruiselast nieht. Is there anything we can do tonight? > How about 10. .he might 14. 8.25. I couldn't get tickets for the big game tonight.. No thanks. . . If Jackdidn't go to the game. .2 Sentence Completion 2 Follow-up Complete the following sentences with the correct form of GO TO THE CINEMA: 1. . I knew I should 9. > I know. 'V7hen my motherwas a child. I wish I 5. It startsin half an hour. the last six months. Alison preferswatchingTV 15. '$7e'll seeyou later. I'd ratherwe . sheneverused 12. \7e're all looking forward to . 4. I'm bored. We'rethinkineof . Would you like to havedinner with us on Saturdaynight? > I'm not sureif we can.we for 11. . 7. Comeon! If's time we 2. I've never beenkeen on . 1 J.. Vith a baby in the famil¡ it's difficult 13. > In that casew e . \fe had a great time last night. It must be over three months since we last 6. It's goingto be boringsittingat home.

Steveand Mary have finally decided ^f rf 10 Raymondis so boring! I wish he wouldn't keepon . . : lI r h t"s I shouldwarn you.*- h 2 6. . I pr om lse lr rll üq -E r fi rI -&l I've got terrible hiccups. I know I shouldbe mor e punctuat. . . . >'!íell. -. I didn't mean üfl h nil It's been a greatholiday but now. Chris has a very short memory. why don't you try ..going or to go. getting ot to get.You will discoverthat you must use e¡therthe -ing form of the verb or the infinitive .They won't go away. *fl' b rr rl ü Ilt r l-r Could you return that book I lent you? > Sure.I'm looking forw ardto. after three weeks.1 Gerund or I nf i ni t i ve Sentence Cards1 Completethe sentenceusing a suitableending. My doctor says I have to cut down on t$ F Have you heard the news? After being engagedfor six years. ilffi iü I Anna tried to borrow money off her brother but he wasn't prepared I'm so sorry about your antique cut-glassvase. Sorry. remindhim so I Just a soft drink for me. {. ..when I've finished..i trrü lr l .

You will discoverthat you musl use eitherthe -rng form of the verb or the infinitive. I Thesesuitcases so heavy. . . m o th erus ed. every night before going to sleep. . are I I ¡ I \fhen we were little children. a ¡ z < -¿ 6 I wouldn't be so angry with him if he had apologisedfor .'. . .i i I . t ¡ ¡¿ ¡ ¡ 7 At first Rosie refused.but after a while we persuaded her . .. . t t ! 10 Shespokevery quickly over the phoneso I had greatdifficulty . . .going ot to go. .. . l . . . getting ot to get. . and < e = 5 $7ould you like to come to the concert tonight? > Sorrybut I don't feellike . .we'vearranged .a I = Z 26. .. .2 Ge r u n d or Infi ni ti v e Sentence Cards2 Completethe sentenceusinga suitableending. a I ¡ ¡ 1 They told me at the g^rage that my old car wasn't worth . .. . = 2 'We'd love to have a holiday this year but we can't afford . . a I = e r' rr. . . . .l . . . I ¡ = 4 Oh no! It was mother'sbirthdayyesterday I forgot .áve you madeany plansfor the weekend? > Yes. .'Wouldyou mind .

He'll neveragree.1. . . Thank you..26. .going or to go.. getting ot to get. he intends . ¡ ¡ t You know what Alan'slike.So it's no use.I reallyenjoyed. I I I ) ¡ \X/hen Lucy hasfinishedher university course. . It's beena wonderfulevening. . I I 3 What a horriblecough! If I wereyou I'd giveup . . . 3 Ge r u n d or Infi ni ti v e Sentence Cards3 Completethe senlenceusinga suitableending.2. I I a I I ¡ 4 That'senough work for one morning. Shallwe stop .You will discoverthat you must use e¡therthe -rng torm. :l 'l I . That's why I'm interestedin a Not another grammar exercise! I really object to I I I I I I I I Mr Brown wasn't at all happy after visiting his doctor.I I i 10 What shallwe do tonight? Any suggestions? > It would be wonderful . s Life is difficult on onlv {. Shehad a d vis edhi m.. . 2 \üe thoughr we were going to arrive very late but we managed .000 year.f tne verb or the infinitive. . .

It's all my fault. 'fhe best way to learn gerundsand infinitives is to keep on 6.00. I I . 'We're reallylookingforward to . Cath¡ you'vesaved life! Thank you for reminding . Mrs Jonescan't seeyou immediatelyso would you mind 3. he his 4. . After severalattemptshe succeeded . what we enjoyed most was 15. -Why don't we try .4 Ge r u n d or Infi ni ti v e Follow-up I I ¡ I Completethe following sentences any way you like using the infiniti ve or -ing in form of an appropriateverb: 1. . . Only threemoredaysto go. \7hat did you like bestaboutyour holiday? > \7ell. . Once Dave has madea decision neverchanges mind. . So your car won't start. Mv bank accountis almostin the red. 'V7hen my grandmother was a little girl she used . Any chance of persuading = - the bank 10. my me 72. \7e'll need another {800 for the repairs to the roof. I l¡ I { ¡l = = A eF4. 7. 5. $600 for a pair of shoes! '$7hoon earth can afford 2. You'd better apologisefor . 11. Fred refusedto give up. . so it's no use. e = z 2 2 ¡ ¿ -t 8. . 9.a = 26 ^. I'll haveto cur down on . in - e e ¡ ¡ a { 13. . .. . That's typicalof you! I've beenwaiting herein the rain for over an hour and you promised ' t ¡ ¡ ¡ 14. You should have been here at 5. . I never intended .

. use one of the words or expressions Paul continued to play his records loudly (complain/ complaints/ neighbours) despite eventhough I'll come and visit you this evening (time / late / work / have to) if unless M a rg a re ta ske d me . (operate computer/ buy) / : what how Lesliewill be off work for six weeks (language courseI want / do) in order because John tried to move the box.. or find your own way of completlng sentences.l. the You must. Angela...1 Cl a u s e C ompl eti on Cards1 Sentence i I a I Try to finisheach sentencein two different ways usingthe words in bold type.il tf' -l 27. however. but it was (weight / couldn't / heavy) such SO 1O for Penny.yjr:dintensively her finals (pass fail / everyrhing) / As a result Unfortunately ..4 The football matchwas cancelled (weather rain lawful / hard) I because of AS I You shouldtake an umbrellawith you ( rai nl w et/get) rn case so that Ij u std o n 'tkn o w .You may use the words in bracketsif you wish given. (enjoy / another I parry / drink) if for I I !l1s Tom is warm and sociable.. shy) on the other hand in contrast E I I. (be reserved.

2 C l a u se C ompl eti on Cards2 Sentence a I Try to finisheach sentencein two ditferent ways usingthe words in bold type. (make/ mistakes fluent/ Spanish) / but SO t I I 10 I'm sick and tired of people phoning me (favourite / watch / TV programme) during while . You must. (feel/ well) although in spiteof a a) ¡ -a It was a long drive to Pauline'shouse.a I I 27.You may use the words in bracketsif you wish or find your own way of completing sentences.\7e didn't arrive (afterI midrright/ time / parry) until in ¡ z J - Frank works a twelve-hour day at his office.use one of the words or expressions given. Phone and let us know (arrive / bring / friend) when if Bill had livedin Spainfor 6 years. (always/ tired I full /energy) Becauseof this Despite this a ¿ ¡ ¡ Jamestried to follow Anna's instructionsbut they were (difficult / couldn't / follow) too s o' I t t I rI So we have some gueststonight? Can you tell me ( i n v i te /co o k/d i n n e r) who what I can't find my contact lensesanywhere. the = Hilary went to the office on Monday morning. Do you know ( d o / l e a ve /th e m) what where - l t t I 7 Ken's football team never did much training (lose/ win / championship) Of course However t I t I I l Seeyou for lunch tomorrow. however.

. . .'S7edecidedto wrire to the hotel well in advance jwst in case/ so that 1. As a resuh/ Howeuer/ Unfortunately 2. . 1. h o w/i f/w hen gardenparty was on the hottestday of the year. .but it was 7.t I I u n ti l /i n/w hen the channel. . Richard had been away from work for two weeksso / in order / becawse 6. and we didn't arrive . l''d havelovedto accept if L5. Sallytried her bestto understand foreignlanguage to o /s w c h/s o 8. abhough / in s¡tite of .ia u h e n/i f/unl es s you to take plentyof warm clothes with you 4. On Sundaymorning we went out for a long walk. 14..I'veneverhad a holiday in India L. . of Of course Because this / your invitation. Debbiewas very inte¡ested my travelsin A ¡n-c a .t t / aesprte euentnougn has 13.Sonia's of Despitethis / Because this / Of course 11.3 Cl a u se C ompl eti on Follow-up and Completethe following sentences situationsusing one of the suggested words or phrases: practised L. of courseI'll come and visit you . despite / because/ euen thougb 3. I'd advise in case/ as / so that 5. .0.2. Yes. Davidt business reallygrown. Susan very hard for her drivingtest. a n o a s K e o mc . Harr¡ I'm comingto your party on Frida¡ but I don't know wh o /w hen/w hat | | | ^a in 9..mother. .I J 27. There'sa terrible shortageof good staff at the moment . t . . . It took longer than we thought to drive to Detroit.

and fill in an answer sheet with a set of target word partnerships.Inlesson 31 they listen for prepositionalphrases.¿ a < 4 -{ I 4 ¿ a < -ra I Section 5 Dictation Activities 2 { -= = 4 -{ = = = ¡ = ¿ ¡ The activities in this section are very different from those in the other sections. when listeningto English. Learnerslisten to sentences or in the caseof lesson32.learnersneed to be as aware of form as content. or haue andget. I ¡- Lesson 28: Lesson 29: Lesson 30: Lesson 3L: Lesson 32: Make and Do Give and Take Have and Get Prepositional Phrases Phrasal Verbs t I a- ¡= t ¡ t I t t a I . and in lesson32 for phrasal verbs. a completestory . [n lessons29 and 30 learners are asked to listen for words which collocate with key verbs like make and do. giue and take.Being able to recogniseimportant word partnershipsin a flow of discourseis a vital language learning skill and.

20. 5. 7 6 . 6. The only thing that man is interested is making money. young men don't have to do military service. Please make a decision. Don't make excuses! If you were more organisedyou would never be late. 2. Tony felt lonely when he first moved to Sydney but he soon made new friends. If you'reinterested buyingJan'sold car. : :-:rj:. 1. Come on. Don't worry about your driving test.4. 8.1 Make and Do Dictation Sentences J 1. Next summe¡ we'd like to do an Italian coursein Perugia. Iir ir Il I T I . Fresh air and regular exercisealways doesyou good. Can I make a suggestionabout lunch? rü7hydon't we phone for pizzas? 1 8 . 4. 3.why don't you makeher an offer? in 1 2 . I hate doing the housework. Geoffrey's not at home. I wish this housewould clean itself. in 1 3 . - . He's at the sports cenrre doing his keep-fit exercises. A 1 5 . weekendin Dublin sounds great. Do you mind waiting five minutes? I have ro make a quick phone call. Jane! \Ve've beenwaiting 20 minutes. I'll make some enquiriesat the travel agency.::r: 1 1 . At first Carlos thought English was impossiblebut now he's making progress. 1 9 . 1 7 . Alberto is always afraid of making mistakes when he speaksEnglish. In Britain. 9. 10.Í- 28. Joe sold his old Ford and made a profit of $60. 7. Just get in the car and do your best. Our company does most of its business wirh EuropeanUnion countries. Do be quiet! You're making a horrible noise.4. Her idea of pleasureis sitting in front of the TV doing nothing.

= -t 28.= r¿ r{ - = = ¡-l = ¡ t t tl t ¡ ¡ t I I I I . 4 .{l -a ¿ ¡ -l EI { --.2 Make an d D o l Answer Sheet -t ¿ -l -a a .J rd -l Make a note of the expressions hear containingMAKE and DO: you MAKE DO = .

.2A. . . 12. BeforeClareleaves Madrid.3 M a ke a nd D o Follow-up using a word partnership with MAKE or DO' Complete the following sentences Tiy to do this without looking at the expressionsat the bottom of the page! 1. how are you doing on your English course? > It was very difficult at first but now I'm . Drink this. Don't go on! I know my drivingisn't perfectbut I'm / / a decision a noise/ money/ progress friends/ mistakes/ some excuseI an offet DO / nothing / some housework / a Spanishcourse military service/ you good / some exercise my best I !-Et - . . goingto . Andrew hatesthe idea of life in the army but all 18-year-olds 10. . . . You won't meet people sitting at home' Go out if you want to 4. 8. . why don't you . If you want to burn it off you should 15. . It'll 3.l'm sorry to hear you're not feelingwell. 1 3 . Shutup! I'm trying to work but it's impossible 7.concentrateon communicatingand don't worry about 'We can just relax and 11. I'll . '$fihen speaking. J o b s a ti sfa cti o n me a n S mu chm or etom ethan. . .It's time I 2. for 5. L4. Albert's sellinghis video recorderbut wants {300 for it! >'Well. Pablo. lHow are we going to explain to the boss why we're so late? > Don't worry. It. Are you coming out or aren't you? 'S7e're waiting for you to . 6. . . This houseis in an awful mess.s Saturdaytomorrow and no work to do. have to . 9. You're putting on weight. she's when you're .

4. Mrs Greene gaveher son a big hug to welcome him home. Our host gaveus a warm welcome: down and makeyourselves home.Díanathankedher friendsfor all the help they had givenher during her illness. Mrs Davis gave us an interestingtalk on her travels in Mexico. ¡¡a I 6.1 Give and Take Dictation Sentences 1.' 'Sit at 10. Shallwe rakea shorrwalk? L2. 5. 20. I'm gettingtired. Jonathanhas taken somewonderful photoswith his hew camera. = -. 2.lhaven't read it yet. 18. For the new job. The refereegave the centre-forwardafinal warning. -¡ = A ¿ -t 3.a I I I ¿ -l tl 29. 13. but I did give it a quick glance. 'We're in no hurry to get there. I need somefreshair. Goodbye. Takecareof yourselves. 7.-t 8. and havea good trip. I r - I | I I I t . 79. Our neighbours givinga partythis weekend are and we're all invited. Helen took a quick look round the apartment and decidedshe had to buy it. 'Nexf time it'll be a red card.' 14. Alwaysdrive safely and nevertake unnecessary risks. If you want to give a good impression. Do turn that musicdown! It's givingme a headache. Barry took greatoffencewhen I told him that he was going bald. 16. Let me take your temperarure. Rosie.you'd better wear your new suit. Shallwe take a break? 9. = = . In six weeks'time he takeshis final exams. Steve studying is hard.so you can slow down and rakeyour time. 'l'7. - t ¡ ¡ ¡ 15. a_. the company needs someone who can work on their own and take responsibility. ¡ lr = - 11.you don'r look well.

29.2 Give and Take Answer Sheet Make a note of the expressions hear containingGIVE and TAKE: you .

I wish we didn't have to go out.. . 12.4 .I a = 29. Traceysaidthat mountainclimbingwasn't dangerous as long as you didn.I take happened. . It's beengreat to hear from you..Gerhereon rime or you. .Jennyfeltmuch ber r er . we can. : . Katie. ar oundthe block. Anne's new colleagues gave her such a felt at home. Mr Yamamoto gave us a.. Take of yourself. Af t e r t a k in g a . Norma always gives such t I I ¡ 13.attl . the words ar rhe bottom of the page wil help you..Thanks for phoning. . If only we could openthese windows. on cultural differencesbetween the r t T I t ¡ 9 . \7e'll give you 10. L. I've had a 2.. Don't worry. that she soon a aa- -¡ . If you need them. \7hich camera are you using now? you've taken some 7. Jack. rr . . . 15.J a ¿ ¡J -l lt 3.t take 4 . USA and Japan.2 6 . Jim's bossgavehirn a ..Air conditioning givesme . so I got a vety Y of the school. 7 4 . .J complete the following sentences using a word partnership with GIVE or TAKE. f . 1 1. at your testsand they look very encouraging. ¡ rJ - . Joe admimedchat he was in the wrong: . always compliment her on her cooking.ll be fired.' for what = ¿ ¡ 8 . otherwise I I I I I I shetakes warm welcome unnecessary risks great offence awful headaches boring parties final warning quick break all the help quick glance fascinating talk beautifulphoros good impression brisk walk full responsibility good care .3 =1 r- Follow-up Give and Take - ¡..Everybod¡'was very rflenoly. when you meet mother. I think we'd better take a 5..

I always feel nervous whenever the boss says: 'Could I have a word with you?' 15. They got divorcedafter threemonths. Not again! That couple in the next apartment are always having arguments.we all had great fun. . Let's try this restaurant. It got three stars in last year's Michelin Guide.This time we'll get a taxi to the airport. 9. Did you enjoy yourselves? > Yes. 1'7.lf I have time after work. 14. where did you ger rhoserrousers? 4.I think white would be a much bettercolour for the bedroom.1 Have and Get Dictation Sentences 1. It's been a long day. If yor-r want to get fit. 12. The streetlayout is confusingin York but you'll soon get to know it. 6. J.Nancy didn't get hometill midnight. So the computer won't print the document? Let me have a try. 2. L0. weight3 kilos. Maureen and Scott'smarriagedidn't last long. 5. It was six yearssincethey had last had a holiday. l t. Thanks for phoning. 18. Here's the bar. I've beenhavingsecond thoughts. So you've been having problems with your washing machineagain. I'll do some shopping. I like your new outfit. 8. I must have a rest before I do anything else. 19. 7. Patrick and Pamela'schildren were delightedwith the presents rhey got for Christmas. why don't you try swimming or cycling? 16. Forget the expense. Greatnews! Holly hashad a babygirl . It was a veny long evening. 20.HelenMaria. I'll get the drinks. Tell me. I was beginningto get worried. Don't you think it's time you bought a new one? 13.30. I'm glad to hear you're OK. If you can find somewhereto sir. John and Helen were on their way to Florida.

t t a a t a t ¡ a I I I I I t .2 Have and G et Answer Sheet a = 4 -l Make a note of the expressions hear containingHAVE and GET you a 3 I i t: HAVE HAVE GET GET a € ¡ a ¡ a a ¡ ! a I -.á I = 3(J-.

Could I talk to you for a minute? '1.ou arriuehome? 10. 2.30. 'We'dbetter call a taxi. just the person I want to see. I'm so glad you'vearrivedsafely. 14. At first I liked the idea of going camping for the weekendbut nou I'm not so sure. The president's wife hasgiuen birth to a baby girl.3.We'ue reallyenjoyed all it. \lhat elegantnew furniture! 'Where did you bwy it? 4. gentle person.3 Have and Get Follow-up In eachof the following sentences replacethe expressions italics with similar lz onesusingHAVE or GET. I becamemore As friendly uith him. I must have my best suit cleaned. 15. My son Phll achieueda distinction in his end-of-year test. 1. It's John and Mary's wedding on Saturday. to 9. I realised he was a sweet. 8. 6. 3. 7. What'sthe problem?The key won't turn in the lock? ShallI seeif I can do it? l. they're always arguing. Now the children are old enough to talk. Thankyou for a wonderful evening. What time did 1. Chriswas surprised receiue letterfrom an old schoolfriend. Kirsty didn't experienceany difficulry changing the car battery. Robert. a to 11. 12.i *i -*l . 5.I tuasbeginning feel worried. I didn't hearyou comein last night. There won't be any busesat this time of night.

If the taxi driverhadn't drivenat top speed. I don't believe brokethoseglasses she accidentally. 7. It was a pleasure. at 3. I 9 . Mrs Jonesis busy just now but she'll be able ro seeyou in a moment. 10. air . a a 3 A 8. rüle're the phonenow and our number's369701. think shedid it on purpose. ! 3. At first I thoughtshewas unsociable. 18.000specrators last night. 16. > Not at all. R o w e n a a d vi se d me to g e ta ca ralar m becausecar theftisontheincr easer ou ndher e. Joeand Benwereoncebitter enemies thar'sall in the pastnow. to and the buses usuallyrun on time.1 a 3 ¡- Dictation Sentences Prepositional Phrases a *' A ¡¡ a 1. Careless driving puts people'slives in danger. Justslow down! NThyare you alwaysin a hurry? 15.. on 6' Ralph doesn't want to come out with us this evening. 4. it's for 3 E t I I ¡ ¡ 20. There'sa good busservice the city centre. Rosielost the rennismatch. Thank you so much for all your help and supporr. Mary allowedher son to go out to the discoon conditionhe camehome by midnight. nothing in particular. a a A A 5. There were ar least20. For a relationshipto succeed essential the couple to'have a lot in common. You'rewearingpink! > Ihat's right. Did you do anything interestinglast weekend? > No. a ?i f J E E 14. but she 2. would havemissed we our flight.s big game. We'vesentthe package express and it should arrive in three days. I could seefrom the way they were smilingthat they were deeplyin love.á I 31 .-. 17. but 12. thenI realised was just shy. 13. He'd rarher be on his own. It's backin fashion. Shewasn'rplayingat her best. a tl 11. 19.

6. 13. 14. ..31 . .. a moment the phone his own danger purpose rhe increase .. time her best comm on 19. Not . nothing 4.... particular .. 1. . . . : . 7. back. 5. 18.. deeply.. 2 Pre p o s ¡ti onal phras es Answer Sheet Comp.. 9..... . first least . . drive ...love 77.lete following expressions the with the correctprepositionwhen you hear it read: 1.. c ondi ti on a hurry 15. three days Now group the phrases accordingto the preposition: AT IN ON 'i . 2.topspeed 16.. 20. ll" the past fashion all. 3. a lot . 8. . . 10.2. .

,

I 3
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31 .3

Prepositional Phrases
Follow-up

3 7 7 3 ? 7 7 7
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in replacethe words and phrases italics with In eachof the following sentences beginningwith AT: expressions
but now I think they'reeasy' were impossible I. In the begi¡ning I thought prepositions 2. Tickets for the musical 'Cats' cost a minimum of f'20' you can' 3. If we're going to be in time for the shoq you'|l have to drive as fast as 4. Ralph asked Emma for a date but she wasn't in tbe least interested' 5. Although John wasn'r playing as well as he could, he won the match.

3 3
-2

ON: Replace the words and phrases in italics with expressions beginning with I 6. Sometimes just like to sit quietly by myselfand read' 7. Violent crime is rising in this areaof the city' 8. I,m not sureit was an accident.I think that window was brokendeliberately. 9. You'd betterget to the stationsoon. The trains are alwayspunctual. 10. John'sparentsallowedhim to havea party as long as he did all the washing-up'

8
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at). id

7

a
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J -2
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s Replace the words and phrase in italics with expressionswith IN: replied: in 11.'WhenI askedRobertwhat he'd doneon his weekend New York, he iust 'NothingsPecial'. 12. The letter is in the post and should arrive the day after tomorrout' livesat risk' limit, you put other people's the 13. If you insiston breaking speed relationship! John and Jackiehavenoneof tbe sameinterests' 14. 'Víhata strange your seatbelts. The planewill be taking off uerysoonnoLu' 15. Fasten

d

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I

32.1

Phrasal Verbs
Dictation Texts

Here are the meaningsof 20 phrasal verbs. Can you guessthe verbs? List One
1. find somethingin a referencebook 2. read quickly 3. revise 4. begin a journey 5. say goodbye 6. stop working 7. relaxl 8. register 9. rise into the air 10. take care of

List Two
11. 12. 1.3. 14. 15. 16. recover from be happy! think about the future with pleasure disappeargradually seewith difficulty improve (weather)

1.9. find by chance 20. remember

iI liI"""

Now listen to your teacher or a partner reading a story. Write down the phrasal verbs you hear next to their meaning on your answer sheet.You will hear them in the right order.

in Joe and Ann's Long Weekend Neu York
Part One Ann ¿lndher bovfriend Joe were planning to spend a long weekend in the USA. '!íhy don't we go ro Manhartan?'suggested Ann. 'l've never beenthere.' 'Where'sManhattirn?'askedJoe. Ann looked up Nerv York in the atlas and shorvedhim. After going through some holiday brochures,Joe was convinced. 'I'll have to brush up my English before we go,' said Ann. On the day of their holida¡ they set off early to Amsterdam Schiphol airport. Joe's mum saw them off at the station and they were on their way. 'I hope the train doesn't break down,' said Joe. 'Calm down! (Jf course it rvon't,' replied Ann. Anywa¡ they reachedthe airport with no problems and checked in early for their flight. It was Joe's first time in an aircraft and he felt very anxious as they took off. 'There's¡ro need to feel nervous. I'm here to look after vou.' said Ann.

Part Ttao

'You'll soon get over your fear of fl,ving. Now cheer upl You're on holiday,' said Ann. After a

while, his nervousness wore off and he began to enjol' the experience. 'I'm looking forward to our weekend now,' said Joe. Five hours later they could make out New York far below them through the clouds as the plane started to descend. 'Oh no! It's raining,' saici Joe as they left the airport. But the weather soon began ¡o clear up. In their hotel, they were wondering what they could do that evenrng. 'Let's check the guide book and find out.'suggested Ann. The book informed them that the lower east side of the city was full of little Italian restaurants and nightclubs. 'Let's go. I want to try out the local cooking,' said Joe. Soon they came acrossa delightful Italian restaurant where lots of young people were eating. It was the beginning of a magical weekend they always look back on with pleasure.

32.2

Phrasal Verbs
Answer Sheet

Find the phrasal verbs with the following meanings:

Soon after the plane 3. However.3 Phrasal Verbs Follow-up Completethe following story using appropriate phrasal verbs. you. and when she heard the captain's will be arriving at London Heathrow in approximately 15 minutes. people .' suggested some real Chinesecooking. sDentthe last month 9. . announcement. she immediately6. Her book in informed her that the Soho area was full of little Chineserestaurants.' they said. a lovely little restaurant where lots of Chinese were eating. wet Friday afternoon and arrived in plenty of time to 2. 'Don't worry abouta thing.2. it. . She 1. on with pleasure. 5. Shehad her English but still felt nervousabout using her nerves after she had asked for street directions in the city centre. . The flight attendants were very kind and helpful. Barbara was 8. she soon 10. . she started to get a headache and feel sick. 'Let's eat before going to a show. Ralph. her headache . 'We're After a while. for her flight. Time Out magazineto find out what shows were on and Barbara 'ChineseRestaurants' Eating Out in London. Try not to use the list at the bottom of the page! Barbara will always remember the day when she flew from Amsterdam to spendthe weekendin London with her friend Ralph.4.32. The ''$7e temperatureis 20 degrees. to staying in an English-speaking country. hereto 4. for the airport early one cold. clearup checkin wear off take off look back try out get over set off look after cheerup brush up comeacross go through look up look forward . 1. Ralph 11. 'I'd love to 13. . She could understand 90 per cent of what was said! At Ralph's hotel in Victoria they made a plan for that evening. It was the start of a magical weekend that they always 1 5 . and you'll be glad to hear that the weather has 7.' In Soho they 1.

The doctor has ordered me to rest. 2. as I seeit / personallyspeaking 15. We were expecting / had expected to get 4 . 6. Love. we have been thinking / are thinking of buying some thick pullovers to keep rvarm! Jure \4'as 6. 71. 5. rather hectic 5. 14o. Believeit or not / Yotr're not going to believethis but 13.Finally/Eventually/Afterawhile/Some 9 . I imagine you need / you'll need a complete break after working / having worked so hard at I for / rvith Braithwaite Engineering. 10p. As you can seefrom the stamp..we are enjoying our stav here and all the hotel staff have been very kind to us. 8g. and now I won't be returning until Tuesday 9th at the earliest.9 1. in spite of / despite 3. 3. for example / for instance 3. 7. 3a. A n o t h e r d r a w b a c k / A f u r t h e r d i s a d v a n t a g e l2.) 3.9.asare su lt/co ns equent ly l0. 2. 9.1 4.2h. Last weekend/ The other weekend 7. 15m. 7. 8. 5.6. 4f . Dear Robin and Sarah. 4. 1 4 1 . I was quite fascinated by / I was really interested in 8.We are on holiday in Brighton yet again and / but / though the weather here is much hotter than it usually is for August. Carol and Mark. Of course / Obviously 4. 3 2. 9. 5.2.2 back to Manchester on the morning of Friday 9th. 7. even though 11.1 2 n .2 1. 5 Exercisell 1d. 49. Fortunately/ Luckily 6. And while I was admiring the scener¡ the car suddenly ran off the road. So I hope you will understandthat I am just trying to be helpful. Taking evervthinginto consideration/ All things considered 14. Dear Steveand Linda. but luckily I was not injured.. 161 Exercise 2: 1. As . Af t er awhile/ Ev e n t u a l l y time later 13. 7e. $7eare coming / we come home on August 31st.on TuesdayI went for a drive to seethe countrysidesouth o{ Dublin.i. but we would love to seeyou before then. 9. 10. 4.inspiteof / despite 13. 1 . In very hor. but we haven't got the money.d.He said you had left your job and accepted a new post in the North London area. It's been such a long time / It's been rrges 1. 1 3 i . 10. 1 0. 2. 9m .. 9.3. Even though / Although 11. 6.2: . If it's all right with you . in I could ask my boss if she knorvs of any vacancies the Birrningham area.1 1. \lhy not fax me as soon as possibleor you can send me a note by e-mail. Itwasreallvgreat/ltwasjustwondelful 3 . 101. Despite the accident. Give us a cail on Brighton 736344.4. 9n. surprise. This meansI'll be staying/ I'm staying until the repairs have beencompleted. I am still in Ireland. 8c. but as / while I was crossingthe road in front of the hotel.1 1.If you are thinking of working for a year before going to college.2 1. I wish we lived somewhere like this all the time.surprise 14. Dear Sall¡ I met Joan Wood in Sheffield last weekend and we had a drink at the Midland Hotel.3 1. difficult it is for sclroolleaversto find work nowadays. 4f. 3.8.9.vbe can help you. 12i. 3.0.9. In lact / Actually 9. Dear Brian. 4.1 0 . 8. I expect you want to take a break from r. 5. If you don't mind. After looking / After he had looked 16. 6. 8 . 7c .2.Answer Key 1. 6. naturally 2. lírite soon ¿rndtell me what you have decided to do.8. 7. I know hou.r'orkand study. but I can only walk with a stick. 69. 16k Exercise 2. 8.11p. 5. But have you made any plans for the future yet? 2. 6c. 3a. 1. 3. 15m. lan. 7. She says / said you have left / had left school and at the moment are / were unemployed.I am still in Paris.Please don't think I am interfering in your business.2 1. Unfortunately / Sadly 8. I 'm v e r yso r r y about / I should apologisefor 4.reradvantage 5. 6. 3. 7. 14j. I am writing to postponeour appointment on Monday 8th. I feel fine. lfhen we last saw you. 5.4 2. Soon / It was not long before 5. I think / I believe 16. although / even though 7.I'd lik et ot hank y ou/ Thank y ous om u c h 2. 6b.1 p . Incidentally/ By the way 1-5. 4 10 i .Jack. 13n. 8d. but iust as facr. And I wouldn't want to be in your position. 2.1 : 1. 9. Great nervs/ I've got some fantasticnews 12. Love. but the weather is much colder than usual for July. I'd like to tell you / Let me tell you 6.2. Soon / It was not long before 8.7. \7hat a dreadful shock! Except for my foot.However. Inf ac t / Ac t ually 10. But. only five minutes on foot from the town centre. I'll give you a call as soon as we get back to M¿rnchesternext Friday.3. It's on the top floor and we have a large balcony with a sea view. 4. I happenedto meet Mike Jamesin Newcastlethe other week and we had lunch together. All the best. 9o. On Wednesdaywe were going to spend the day at the Louvre.5 5b.nra. I'll phone you when I'm back in Liverpool. It was obviously an awful shock.7. 5[. also 6. 7e.lzk.6 .8. I'll see if my boss knows of any flats to rent locally. a car ran over my foot. 10. At that time rve didn't feel like another holiday on the south coast. 6 . In conclusion/ To conclude 3. At first / To begin u'ith 14. 3a. perhaps I can help you. if it is possible.r'ork for your final exams.3. 5. In spite of the / this accident. On the whole / Generally speaking 2. 13i.I have had / I've been having a great time looking round Dublin and visiting the museumsand art galleries. the car was badly damaged.1 : 1.I wouldn't like to be in your shoes. I'm just trying to help an old friend. I arrived on Monday 1st and I was expecting to return to Liverpool on / by Friday 5th. apart from a few scratches. You see. 6. even better / better still 7. and we'll arraÍge somewhere to meet. In fact / Actually 4. But have you found somewhere to live in I London yet? If you are thinking of renting temporary accornmodationwhile you are looking for r house.3 Exercisel: 1. I am sorry but I'll have to / I have to cancel our dinner date for a week on Saturday. Dear Cath¡ I hope this letter reachesyou safely.1 5 k . 9. Unfortunatel¡ nothing has gone / went according to plan and now we won't be able to leave until next Friday. 2h. except for / a pa rtfrom 9 . we told you we were thinking of going away.I'm considering/ I'm thinking of 16.2h.6. 'We got here three days ago while you were in Holland. Exercise 2': L a few weeks before / previously 2. 10. 'We are on holiday in Madrid yet again.vou can see from this address.2 . Dear Julia. Best wishes. It's almost impossible for newconers to get decentaccommodationnowadays.l. J. 5b. so I can't leave here until I arn fit. another point in its favour / a furtl. Auntie May. 10.7.1 1. But finaily we decidedon renting a / this lovely apartment. 10. '!7e have been taking care to protect our skin from the sun. immediately 15. 1 6 o Exercise1: 1e . 4. After all that / your hard r.then l2. unfortunatel¡ things have not gone / did not go according to plan.4. 5 . I naddit ion l l . hopefully / all being well 10. 8.

.8a.. Our family used to go. When we last met.7h..29. I willgiv eups m ok ing. 13. Shall .mi ld20. You could cycle. May I use.' 1. 8.3 9 .5 m . You'll fail the exam unless 14.3 k . 15.2 8. Your glasses 6. 9. 2: 14. I3e.9a.. need wordif! listsfor hospitals. I won't get the job unless passmy driving test.5 d . 9.3 9 .9 j .'1.tired of 9. warm 22. 9. different from 2.7 j .. 5 9 . 6..1 0 h 19 ll. 6. which makes them difficult to look after. succeeded 13. lfhat I'll probably do is work from home until I complete both courses. 2 m..1 0 h on on in oí 1.2 1c.Thanks again for giving me the confidence to continue my education without worrying about my family. 8 b .l l g.6 g .. 1 0 c 10b.. which makes it difficult for students to communicate. 6. difficultv with 11. 4. complete lethal24.4 h .14j . 7 i .2 7b. 15f E xerci se2:1. 5.1 0 c . 16 control17 fresh18 mi sunderstandingillness .9 e .6b. 7. 12. 11. As you know. 1. laughat 14. 7. e i . I look forward to seeingyou when I am next in Cambridge.. You won't have heard. Do you have to..6e.fashi on19.8d./ when / before we arrived. f . 3. You shouldn't eat.10b. 101.8 1 . 3 1.. 10.29. 21. 6 b .5 i . 3 a . Shall we have. concentrate 5. 5 i . I couldn't understand.7b. 2j. 10. 10d l2.4 h . it started to change. V/ould you like to stay..7 k . 8. you can use. w o u l d 7 ..Then.6 i .. 7.7h.2l d. 1 1e. Now. 77. 7. 10f. 3 9 . .6 e . 59. you hada better if wecouldaffordto go to Florida holida¡if onlywe hada carlikethepeople if if. 159 Exercise lf. on nextdoor.8j.I had to work. 4 i . 3. 2.9f.7 l. 9 .5.9 e . t y p i c a l o f 1 4 .8c. 2i. e 16.3 l. It's on the fourth floor and we've got a wonderful view of the Prado. You should eet. w oul d 11.. 4. 3 Í. if I can afford it. L 0 c I2h. 8d 2': 15. l 5a E xerci se L. 9n. I'm very grateful for the advice you gave me about applying for a wordprocessing course. 1 le. I won't arrive. dr ink 12. -d . .9 c1 0 a .. I'll phone in a few days to arrange a time to come and pick up the children. Could you lend me. 8 f. 5. l le.i . wait for 8. Then. 6. This can't be.5 m 6 o . 14o. 2.. I am writing to thank you for the enjoyable two weeks I spent in your conversation class last year. 6 h . had 3.8 d . 13k. 9.8 1 . if! If people didn'tdream. 2 E x er c ise l :1 e . 1 8. 3 1. keen on g. I am afraid they have not been brought up to be as quiet and well-behavedas your children. 5 d .. 4i . Dear Mrs Harlock.. 4.As a matter of fact.had 2.99. 2m .15m Exercise If we hadmoremone¡if welivedin a bigger 1: 4b. mustn't smoke. Shecan play. 4 j . 3. 5Í. 9 e . 8.8 i .2 1.2h. 8 b .9f. You mustn't buy.. 5a. 4. Roeer could swim..e.w oul d 12.l 4f.. You can't have seen me.10h 11. teachersconcentrate on grammar and translation.4 a .6 i . we said we were thinking of trying somewhere different this summer. She could play. 8 j . \7e will have. 8 b ... int er es t ed i n 1 1 ..3 1c . I really appreciatedthe adviceyou gave me about / on finding temporary work in Britain..8e.7 7. 6 c . 8 b .. had e 1 0. l } f 8. 3 g . I'm looking for a job where I in which I can use my English. 7 lg. 4.. 2 E x er c i s1 : 1 c . 12n.29.4 i . 2. 3j . the trouble with 13. 5.0. 3.fri end18.4 h . 5. 7e..9a. prevented from 3..2 1b. If only we had the money to live somewhere like this permanently! But you would have to be a millionaire to afford the rent! I'll give you a ring the moment we get home and tell you you all about our holiday. p o l i t e t o 1 3 .5 a .5b.14k.so she must be very rich. 2 E x er c i s 1 : 1 c . 3.7 a . 9 f. You 9. Can I helo vou..1had already been in England for six weeks when I joined your class.2 Exercise 1e. You can leave. worried about 6.but this was my first opportunity to speak English properly. 3 1.6h.2c.tastes17. 13o. 5i. sufferfrom 10. 8 a . consists 12. 3.7 1 . if.2h. 1 9. 6.2. You must say.4 n . Lucy.7 f. disappointedwith 4. But then a rich friend of David's offered us his apartment right in the centre of Madrid at a very low rent. You ought to get. 31. 4a.2a. skill at 7. w r o n g w i t h 1 5 . differencebetween 8. You shouldn't work. This must be.3 i . . 5 a . . belongs / / for in from 11. 1 lf . connection with l l . th.14g.. 7..2 1 .2d. belicves 6. May I leave. 4a.16. 1 0 d 11f. Thank you once again for giving me the confidence to speak English without worrying about my mistakes.. need for 10.7 d . advice 23. It might be.. 69.8 j . 3i . Shall we see.2 1.8 k . 4.1. experience 14. Congratulations on 6. . 2.7i ...13c. 17. 3. 13b.14d. 15e. 5i . 17. 3 e . afraid of 3.6i . The matchwill be off unless weatherclearsup. 8. 5 a . 10. 3i .13n.1 ' 1. Tim must have gone home.4h.99. I'll be able to find a suitablecoursein I over I during the next few weeks.72i .7 a ...1 0 h 12c. 10c 6i 1.d. s at is f iedwit hl0. l 0 f 10.lcan 't m eet .. T h e w e a t h e r m i g h t b e . 4 í. 24 26 20 short 21 opposites 22balanced23 beginner unfair 2-5relationship confusion 12. i. This could be. 2d. I was in bed for three weeks. I d o n 't h a v e t o s t u d y . Lots of love.. Dear Nanc¡ I am writing to thank you for taking care of the children while I was ill. but now I feel strong enough to have the children back. 8.5 a .4 b . 6 9 . invitation to 4. application for 2..Y ouw on' tgetinunlessyou 13. w o u l d 8 ..4 c . perhaps as a waiter or shop assistant. Instead. I had to work.7 i . l 2o.o... Irish people don't have to take. . 2: 16. 18.15k.9 n .. I don't have to get up. 4e. 6 d .. 2d. 5 a . reminds of 2. 7.7a. Everybody should eat.'{/e don't need to do. 5. 7.8d. 1 1c . 4. 2h.2 L I should have followed.raudi. w ould4. Would you like to have.7 i . if I have the money. approve 7. 10d Lc . the matterwith 15. good at 5. 2d.. I would like to stay for / until Christmas.3f. 5c. rvouldn't we the schools werebetter. annoyed with 7. there if wereno waiting 15. h a d 9 . had 6 . 2h.. You don't have to. Shall we go. In my countrf students are not really taught how to speak and / or listen.7 e .9m.5 h .3b. 2. This can't be the street. 14. 10.8 d . You should relax. 2. 3 9 . 6 c . Instead.69. 1.7 b .9 b . recover 1. Yours sincerel¡ Gunther Scl.. 1 0 . I'd like to do an information technology course. 10.That can't be.2c. interestin 9. effect on of 12. \7ould you.had 5. l I c . 3 f. 3 9. 3 b . 2. 9 b .4 a .6 o .Slith any luck.4 9 .4 1. 5. Yes. 6 i .. 4 i .7e. Can I help. h a d 17. You'll have. no point in 5.they seemto concentrateon making as much noise as possible.6 e . k i n d o f 1 2 . 4. 3 f. 13. 9 j . depends 4.su r p r i se d a t 8 . we were thinking that Spain had got a bit more expensivethesedays.if house. This must be.2e.1 tf.5 n . 7 b .. alternative to 3. That must be wrong.1 0 h 1..4i . 8. apologise of at to 9.1 1..3 h . 3. She can play the guitar very well but she can't sing.2 d . 2i. 18. your Englishimproves. You shouldn't be. the I havea ticket. I hope to find something suitable in / over the next week or two. could might be. 10f 10. 3i . job. smiled 15.. This bill can't be right.

2.2 1. He encouraged me to take the exam again. 12. 12. go 1. 13. I might have dropped. t o g o / g o i n g ___ . 21. 12. 13.. she doesn't know how to spend it.Ileft work early so as to avoid getting held up in the rush-hour at traffic.2.. 6.8. She reminded him to set his / the alarm clock for 6.. 10. The repairs ought to have been done by now.. 4.. 4. she didn't knorv her rvay round San Francisco. 10. 5. 6. 5. 15.went/havegone/had ll. She congratulatedhim on his great exam results.00pm. 10. to go 2. 11. they hadn't been.. she should have phoned her. 15.1 Refer to the sentences on23. Ellen has got so much money..2 Refer to the sentences 21. If Robert hadn't got here so late. I1. She suggested stopping for a coffee break. 6. He suggested going for a meal to that new Chinese restaurant. women should be paid. 2. go 9. Unless you train harder. 7. 23.7 Refer to the sentenceson 2). The sofa was too big to get into the living room. 10. to go 5. 6. the weather might get much worse tomorrow / the follorving d:ry / the next day.2 Refer to the sentences 23. thev hadn't watched any TV for ages. 6. 5. I've never tastedsuch disgustingcoifee. 13. 2. He thanked her for the lovely present.1 1. 6. She invited us to her party on Sunday evening. 20.you get slimmer.3. I didn't have to work. 3. 5.2. 2. The ro¿rdoutside the house is being repaired. If you eat less. 15. Bedroomsmust be vacatedby 11.. Shall I help.. 8. how long I would stay in Baltimore.. rvhereshe could find information about museumsin Madrid. they had been in Edinburgh last week / the week before / the previousweek.. Paul and George remained good friends. f . She admitted (to) eating the last chocolatebiscuit. I want to know how deep the river is at this point. She admitted that the accident was all her fault. we'll have to leavewithout him. c an go 13. 12. He complimented Sonia on her elegantsuit. Francissuggested speakingto the shop manager. 21. He promisecl to get his hair cut this / that week..went lT.1.3 1. 4. 7. 11.. 9. 9. Can you make. Julia started working / to work for this companv 3.. 11. 9. You must see. 3. I f wehadn' t ar r iv edlat e/ hadar r i v e d e a r l i e r . 2.3 1. 9. she hadn't eaten anything all day. 3. 6. not to phone her at the office again. 11. He refused to go on holiday with his mum and dad. 3.3 1. 3. 9. . I shouldn't have eaten. 9. 18. I must hrve m1' dressdrv-cleanedbefore the party.Is it all right if I use the car tonight? 2. 1 8 . There weren't as manv spectators the match as we'd expected.. '$le put on plenty of sun-block because 8. I won't forget. 22. to move / if I would move my car.. Triplets! \ühat a surprise! 10.we go. 8. He denied using the office phone for personalcalls.. you must be. She offered to help him with his bags. 10. Joe used to sr. 7.2. It looks as if / thougl-rthe weather is improving. 5. He offered me a lift home. It might be the children playing upstairs. 3. 19. She suggestedhaving a quiet evening at home. I won't eat. He wanted to know who the car belonged to. on on six years ago. Robert went to work.. not to worry. 10.3 l.. 10.3 1.. You don't have to write.. John must have received. 14. I've no objection to people smoking in lestauranrs. However much they argued. 8. ought to go. 6. Could I leave. 6. 7. My doctor saysI have to avoid. 3. 5. I should have phoned you yesterday. she could Bet. if / whether we were going an1.ha ve /'ve go ne 12. to go 4. You'd better listen carefully to my instructions. I won't go. Tony doesn't plav as skilfully as Margaret.2 ReÍer to the sentences 22. This restaurantis said to be the best in town. 2. 5. 12. The meal was so awful (that) we complained to the waiter. 7.togo 18...2 1. Barbara thought the party was very boring. may / might /could go 6. yolr won't get into the first team squad. 8. Despite not feeling well. Relax! lle'll arrive. 10. 15. 24. Shepromised to be there at 8. He reminded her to lock all the doors and windows. 2. She advisedthem to be very careful what thev s:ridto her. 9. She wanted to know the way to the city centre. (in) going 3.1 Refer to the sentences 21. Unlesshe arrives soon. we wouldn't have to use the public call box. they had to leave soon. I wish I had a little more money. to be careful. if I understoodthe rules. I wish I'd stayedon at collegeto take my finals. 4. 8.7 1. 12. He apologisedfor being so late. she had had such a good meal. 2.00am. he should cut down / to cur down. 14. 15. w e w o u l d n 't h a v e m i s s e d t h e b e g i n n i n g o f t h e c o n c e r t . 9. would I 'cI go 7. The traffic prevented Leslie from getting here. 4. 7. 10. 15. he wouldn't have enough. she always ate lots of . He insisted on paying for the drinks. She refused to give an explanation for her absence. 8. 4. 10.4 1. 8. how fluent my English was. She warned them not to cross the road there. He denied eating the iast chocolatebiscuit. 9. 6.. 14. 5.00am. the sun was very strong. The car can't have run out.. 20. 13. 6. to wait there until she got back. 14. I'd never taken such a difficult / a more difficult exam. 2. it had been a long time since 5. why I couldn't come / go to hel party. 3. We could stop. 22.. he wrs going to finish the decoratingtomorrow / the follou'ing day. 19. 20. when I had left the house this / that morning. If we had a phone. 7. 4. 2.where. if I was leaving as soon as the coursefinished. 23.3 1. he could run 100 metres in 1l seconds. If he spoke more slowly / didn't speak so quickl¡ I would be able to understandhim. 5. '$7e 5. 7. 19. Would you like to corne. He apologisedfor forgetting about our appointment. \7e didn't stop for a break until we had walked 10km. when she would seehim again. She suggested washing the dishesin the morning. 4. Apart from NIary.. 9. 9. Do you know the distance from Seatdeto Vancouver? 7. Antony cor¡ld eat more than anyone in the family.. all the guestsat the party were wearing casual clothes.L. on 22. She complimented Robert on a lovely dinner. 8. I'm sorry I couldn't meet. She invited me for lunch on Sunday.. 13. I insistedon seeingevery picture in rhe gallery before leaving..1 1. but he can't read music. 7. I'd prefer you not to smoke in the kitchen. go 8. She beggedher mother to let her go to Sharon'sparty. 2t. going 10. 4.. Shecan't have forgotten.. to go 16. 14.. 8.noke.t ogo 1 5 . She refusedto eat any rnore.. He advisedher to spend a year abroad before going to university. they were going on holiday tomorrow / the following day. There didn't use / never used to be. if I whether I could help her with he¡ luggage. he wouldn't have misseddinner.1. \fhat about having a coffe eb rea k? T. 10. \fe may have taken. what time the party started. 6.. she couldn't h¡ve left without saying goodlrye. He demandedto speak to the manager. 11. \ü/e'velived / been living in this streetfor six years. on 23. He warned them not to touch those plates. In comparison with Itirl¡ trains in Britain are verv expensive.. 3.I should have sent. 13.. 4. 4. Dave can play the piano. She might be lving. he would think about it. 8. if / rvhetherI knew who the principal of the college was. \flhat shall rve do? 14. 7. 4.

8. 3. 26..1 I. 14. to get a letter L1. . ... cheered up 7. going 8.1 Suggested Answers: 1.. a t h i s b e s t 6 . 6. ina minute 32. she failed / Unfortunatel¡ she failed.too difficult to follow / so difficult (that) he couldn't follow them. 13. beautiful photos 7. he couldn't / so heavv he couldn't.who you have invited to dinner? / whirt you are cooking for dinner? 6. . 27. . a r e / 'r e g o i n g 7 . Could I have a word with you? 13.2 l. l o o k e d u p 1 3 .4 Suggested Answers: 1. togoing 15.if I was enjoying the party / for another drink. i n 1 5 . 6. make some excuse. to go ll. 10..to meet us at 8. 11. t r y o u t 1 4 . . seesomeoneoff 6. went 5. m ay / nt ight / c o u l d g o 10 . g o i n g 1 1 .. t o g e t t h e r e i n / o n t i m e . t o g o i n g 8 . w e n t / h a s g o n e / h a d g o n e 25 . in 20. o n 1 0 .. t ogo 3. g o i n g 6 . 4.. set off 5.to stop drinking and smoking.when I have a free weekend / if I have time next weekend/ unlessI have to work late. going 14. 10. brush up 4. 8. 3 . g o i n g 2 0 .. .2 l. try out 19. . nothing in common 15. r n 31 .how many countries I had visited / if I'd had any problems / when I was planning to go back. .to send (her) a c rd... I'm having secondthoughts. 10 . did some housework.. to be / arrive on time (in future).to buy them? 2. . 3. . . s m o k i n g . she passed everything / Unfortun¿rtel¡ she faited everything. 15. in two days 13.going 26. headaches 14. on condition (that) 11. at leas t 3. ' dgone 1 5 . is reserved in contrast. .starting the car.. t o g o / g o i n g 1 3 . g o 1 9 . o n m y o w n T ... . . in danger 14.to break it.to have long blonde hair. 6. can / could go 4. find out 18.r good.despite the fact that my grandmother lives there / even though my grandmother lives there.. quick break 5. cleared up 8.going out.going home.going on holiday. 7.look up 2.beingso late. he's always tired / Despitethis.. t o g o 1 4 . a r a l l 5 ..3 1.to be here on time.. look after someone 11. 9.. . .rpression good care 12. ... look after 5. 3. she passed/ However. a t L 6 . 7.Atf ir s t 2. ..what I did with them? / where I [efl thern? 7 . .As a result.despite the heavy rain / becausewe wanted some exercise/ even though it was raining.i n 1 7 .. 4. looking forward t h . hav e g o n e 6 .at 2. they're always having arguments. set off 2. Because this.to read us a story.. he's alwa. .Of course. 3. goingt ot hec o n c e r t .. going 3.5. . 27. . 9. .to go out for dinner. on 6. \Whattime did you get in? 10.if I have time / unlessI have to / work late.on the other hand. t o h a v e l u n c h ? s rr<..3 SuggestedAnswers: 1. 8.. 6. t ogo 12..who I'm going ro bring / when I'm going to arrive / what I'm going to wear. . g o i n g T . 5. cheer up 13. . look back on 32. o n 9 .. 7.practisingthem. 11. .. . .3 Su gg es t edAns wer s :l.Shall I have a try? 3 1... quick glance2. h a s g o n e 1 8 . g o i n g 25. . make a decision. . of 15. 4 . we had to go indoors to cool down / / of Of course. went th r o u g h 1 2 . 7.. 8. has had a baby girl...2..(in) understandingher. making money.. 3... got ov er ll.so he missedall the meetings/ in order to recoverfrom his operation / because wife had been seriouslyill. 2.As a result. . went / hav e gone 12.wo uld/ ' dgo 2. do a Spanishcourse. g o l T . is shy. / 5.when you're arrivir. g o e s 9 . 27.althoughwe pay good rates/ in spite of the rise in unemployment. . 5.too fast for her to follow / such bad reception (that) she couldn't understand a word / so noisy outside that she couldn't hear a thing. . 29. in 4. t ogo/ g o i n g 13.. 6. are / 're going 4 .rts even though his neighbourscomplained. went 7.havegone lgo 14. As I got know him 14. . . going 20. .gettinga better ¡ob. 2. "c hino"n lo.( i n ) g o i n g 2 4. going 10. . .00. do military service. went l. . 4. .in caseit gets cold / as it might get cold / so that don't get cold. wear off 14. .2 l.until after midnight / in time for the party. . go 4. 2. 13.holding your breath? 7. 4. 5. they won the championship.to lend her any.. doing my best. had /'d gone 5. 8. do nothing. this means he has had to take on more staff / Because this.2 l. g o i n g 1 5 . .although she felt / was feeling unwell / in spite of not feeling well.readingit. have /'ve gone 9.. c a m e a c r o s s 1 5 . go through 3. o n 1 1 ..just in caseit got booked up / so that they could confirm our booking. awful 11. 1 0. in particular 12. at 3. o n t h e i n c r e a s e S .o n 18 . . making progress.3 l.if I'd been free. ...until his midnight / in time ior clinner / when we had expected. 9. i n 1 2 . 15. .. 3. 2. t o g o 8 .doing this sort of work. . they lost the championship / However... on 7 . come across 20. warm welcome 6. make him an offer? 9. 28. . look forward to 15. at t ops peed 4 ... check in 9.go 2. o n p u r p o se 9 .d i d n 'tg o 1 . 2.. . 7.. do yor. 4. .... 8.because the awful weather / as it was raining hard. d i d n 't g o 1 0 . 12. 4. . w e n t 1 6 . . .2 Suggested Answers: 1. go 3. 2 6. 8. 5. . 13..we all got sunburnt.to have one. to get married / split up. 10. 10.. 12. fascirrating talk 9.lying on the beach. 12. 5. at 19. 5.to come outwith us.during my favourite TV programme / while I'm watching my favourite TV programme.hadgone 13.2 1 . unnecessary risks 4. . calm down 8. i n 1 3 .discussing / trying to persuadehim. 12. 6.7 7. I was beginningto get worried.but he made mistakes in his ' Spanish / so he spoke fluent Spanish. . brisk w¿rlk 15. 4.waiting? 3. clear up 17. have / 've gone/ been 11.. went 6. 6. final rvarning 3... ..to send mother a birthday card.to go over to my mother's.. full responsibility8. 8. 26. \lhere did you ger it? 4. 14.in caseit rains / so that you don't get of wet.'We've all had a great time. 9. . 9.pushingit? it 5. .ins/ tr-'ing to convince him.. 7... break down 7.rgone 19.. . check in 3.what computer to buy / how to operate the computer. take off 10. making a noise. a t 1 4 . good in.spending.. 2.. making mistakes. . l o o k b ack é- .3 l. all the help 10.sucha weight.to give you the wrong timetable. 3. we all enjoyed ourselves Because this. . . get over 12.beingso late. took off 4.vs of full of energy.Despitethis. didn't have any difficulties 7...in order to do a language course / becauseshe wants to do a languagecourse.to work / working in advertising. great offence 30. . . boring parties 13.repairing.rg/ going to arrive / if you're bringing / going to bring a friend. 2.despite his neighbours'complair. h a v e g o n e 9 . 9. 9. !le'd better get a taxi.. .helping (me) with them? 9. 14.. do some exercise. .Ol course. w e n t 5 . 6.o n time 10. 10.. . t alk ing ahout r r ¿r ins . 2 . John and Mary are getting married 1. i n 8 . make out 16.3 Suggested Answers: 1. 11...3 l. . . make friends.drinking / alcohol... .. got a distinction 8. . in 5.to lend us the money? 10. wore off' 6. . . he has had to take on more staff.

r- r. Instant individual practice or interactive group-work 32 ready-ro-use lessons with follow-up homework Lessonby lessonnotesand answerkey For all intermediatestudents Ideal practicefor the CambridgeFCE The different approach of Instant Grammar Lessons gives students the chanceto consolidatewhat they have aheadymet. o o o .¡ '1-89939ó-40-3 tr tl ll ^ -ll illffiilIill[1 .ip... and more effective. . o .It provides supplementany practicefor intermediatestudentswho have alreadv met the main areasof English grammar.! i.:t. o o Createsinterestinglessons The new approachhelps motivation Encourages studentsto talk to each other Activates Grammar Instant Grammar Lessonscontains the kind of ready-madeextra practice materialswhich you would have written yourself if you'd had time! Instant Grammar Lessons makesexam preparationmore enioyable.INSTANT GRAMMAR LESSONS AlanBattersby Photocopiable Instant Grammar Lessonsis a photocopiable resourcebook for teachers. l. * / 1 ^ : . Each lessonis ready to useand has a follow-up practice to provide homework or for later revis'ion.. In the same series: Lessons with Laughter 1 89939G 35 7 SJ - +-' t& .rrGt|tGr TIT rsg..i '.

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