Preface

Guava is a sweet, juicy and light or dark green colored fruit. It is cultivated in all parts of India. When ripe it acquires yellow color and has a penetrating strong scent. The fruit is rich in vitamin C and minerals it is rich source of oxalate and its content in the fruit varies during different stages of ripening.

pestle and mortar. burette.Objective of project In this project. weight box. dilute H2SO4. N\10 KMnO4 solution and guava fruits at different stages of ripening. filter paper. . REQUIRMENTS 100 ml of measuring flask. EXPERIMENT AIM To study the presence of oxalate ion content in guava fruit at different stages of ripening. beaker. we will learn test the presence of oxalate ions in the guava fruit and how its amount varies during different stages of ripening. titration flask. funnel.

Transfer the crushed pulp to a beaker and add about 50 ml dil. Heat the mixture to about 60ÛC and titrate it against . 3. Make the volume up to 100ml by adding distilled water. Weigh 50. PROCEDURE 1. Boil the contents for about 10 minutes. H2SO4. 2. 4. Take 10 ml of the solution from the measuring flask into a titration flask and add 10ml of H2SO4 to it. Then oxalate ions are estimated volumetrically by the solution with standard KMnO4 solution. Cool and filter the contents in 100 ml measuring flask.0 g of fresh guava and crush it to a fine pulp using pestle-mortar. H2SO4 to it.THEORY Oxalate ions are extracted from the fruit by boiling pulp with dil.

5. 4. The end point is appearance of permanent light-pink color. 2. 3.0 ml Normality of KMnO4 solution Burette reading Sr. Repeat the above experiment with 50. OBSERVATIONS Weight of guava fruit taken each time = 50.0 g Volume of guava extract taken in each titration = 10.0 g of 1.N/10 KMnO4 solution taken in burette. = 1/10 Final Concordant volume of N/10KMnO4 solution used X ml X1ml X2ml X3ml Guava extract from Fresh guava One day old guava Two days old guava Three days old guava Initial . 2 and 3 old guava fruit.no 1.

2. mass of oxalate ion = x/100 × 44g/liter of diluted extract.CALCULATIONS 1. N1 = x/100 = Strength of oxalate in fresh guava extract = Normality × Eq. mass of oxalate ion . for one day old guava N1V1 = N2V2 (Guava extract) (KMnO4 solution) N1 ×10 = 1/10 × x = 1/10 × Normality of oxalate. = × 44g/liter of diluted extract. for fresh guava N1V1 = N2V2 (Guava extract) (KMnO4 solution) N1 ×10 = 1/10 × x = 1/10 × Normality of oxalate. N1 = x/100 = Strength of oxalate in one day old guava extract = Normality × Eq.

N1 ×10 = 1/10 × x = 1/10 × Normality of oxalate.= x/100 × 44g/liter of diluted extract. for three day old guava N1V1 = N2V2 (Guava extract) (KMnO4 solution) N1 ×10 = 1/10 × x = 1/10 × Normality of oxalate. for two day old guava N1V1 = N2V2 (Guava extract) (KMnO4 solution) × 44g/liter of diluted extract. N1 = x/100 = Strength of oxalate in two day old guava extract = Normality × Eq. mass of oxalate ion = x/100 × 44g/liter of diluted extract. N1 = x/100 = Strength of oxalate in three day old guava extract . = 3. = × 44g/liter of diluted extract. 4.

= × 44g/liter of diluted extract. mass of oxalate ion = x/100 × 44g/liter of diluted extract. .= Normality × Eq.

Chemistry project To study the presence of oxalate ion content in guava fruit at different stages of ripening. Preeta S Kumar Devised By: Nishant Dwivedi (XII) Session: 2009-2010 . Counselor: Mrs.

It is a special thanks to a special friend for the help. S. . and friends. To my special friends it my special thanks to help me and making me able to complete my project with their restless effort and contribution. This project is a combined and restless contribution and devotion of my friends. It is the inspiration of Mr. concerned teacher working on the project. my parents. S.P Tiwari. I also thanks my and owe my head for giving their precious time and guiding me with the inspiration to forge ahead in times of my detachment from the project.P Tiwari.Acknowledgment I give my humble thanks to my inspiration Mr. I heartily thanks to god for being with me all the time. parents.

Internet . Compressive Chemistry Practical XII 2.BIBLIOGRAPHY From the under given sources I have arranged the information 1.

Contents Acknowledgment Preface Objective Of Project Aim Procedure Requirements Theory Observations Calculations .

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