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System Architecture

System Architecture

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Published by: Indumathy Paranthaman on Jun 02, 2011
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Software Architecture Software Architecting is a means to create systems efficient and effective, by supplying overview, by guarding consistency and

integrity, and by balancing. The software architecture of a program or computing system is the structure or structures of the system, which comprise software components, the externally visible properties of those components, and the relationships between them. The term also refers to documentation of a system's software architecture. Documenting software architecture facilitates communication between stakeholders, documents early decisions about high-level design, and allows reuse of design components and patterns between projects. Software architecture topics

Architecture description languages
Architecture description languages (ADLs) are used to describe a Software Architecture. Common elements of an ADL are component, connector and configuration.

Software architecture is commonly organized in views[7], which are analogous to the different types of blueprints made in building architecture. Within the ontology established by ANSI/IEEE 1471-2000, views are instances of viewpoints, where a viewpoint exists to describe the architecture in question from the perspective of a given set of stakeholders and their concerns. Some possible views are: 

Functional/logic view Code/module view Development/structural view Concurrency/process/thread view Physical/deployment view User action/feedback view Data view

Several languages for describing software architectures have been devised, but no consensus has yet been reached on which symbol-set and

. component-based software engineering standards. Software architecture. is an activity concerned with global design constraints. Architecture frameworks Frameworks related to the domain of software architecture are:    4+1 RM-ODP (Reference Model of Open Distributed Processing) Service-Oriented Modeling Framework (SOMF) The distinction from detailed design Software architecture is the realization of non-functional requirements. the architect is the one who draws the line between software architecture (architectural design) and detailed design (non-architectural design). also described as strategic design. architectural styles.view-system should be adopted. Architecture is design but not all design is architectural. while software design is the realization of functional requirements. In practice. such as programming paradigms. and law-governed regularities." and thus applies to views about software architecture. The UML was established as a standard "to model systems (and not just software). design principles.

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