SOCIO SOCIO

AÞTH!OIO!OCICA! AÞTH!OIO!OCICA!
IO!ÞÐATIOÞS OI IO!ÞÐATIOÞS OI
IÐ!CATIOÞ IÐ!CATIOÞ
!oporfod Iv:
ÐOÞA S. !IAÞO
W 1he socloloav of educaLlon ls Lhe sLudv of how
soclal lnsLlLuLlons and lndlvldual experlences
affecLs educaLlon and lLs ouLcomeŦ LducaLlon ls lL
ls concerned wlLh all forms of educaLlon lŦeŦ
formal and lnformal educaLlon svsLems of modern
lndusLrlal socleLlesŦ
W lL ls relaLlvelv a new branch and Lwo areaL
socloloalsL Lmlle uurkhelm and Max Weber were
Lhe faLher of socloloav of educaLlonŦ
W Lmlle uurkhelmƌs work on moral educaLlon as a
basls for soclal solldarlLv ls consldered Lhe
bealnnlna of socloloav of educaLlonŦ
W 1he socloloav of educaLlon ls Lhe sLudv of how
soclal lnsLlLuLlons and forces affecL educaLlonal
processes and ouLcomesţ and vlce versaŦ
W LducaLlon ls percelved as a place where chlldren
can develop accordlna Lo Lhelr unlque needs and
poLenLlallLlesŦ 1he purpose of educaLlon ls Lo
develop everv lndlvldual Lo Lhelr full poLenLlalŦ
SCClCLCC? Cl LuuCA1lCn
SCClCLCClCAL 1PLC8lLS Cn
LuuCA1lCn
An1P8CÞCLCC? Cl LuuCA1lCn
1he sLudv of anLhropoloav offers alLernaLlve
perspecLlves of who we are and whv we do Lhe Lhlnas
we do Lhrouah Lhe sLudv of lndlvldualsţ aroupsţ and
lnsLlLuLlons dlfferenL from ourselvesŦ AnLhropoloav of
educaLlon enaaaes Lhese perspecLlves Lhrouah Lhe
sLudv of schoollna ln our own culLureţ from Lhe
perspecLlve of mlnorlLv aroups ln our culLureţ and from
mulLlple LransŴculLural perspecLlvesŦ 1he anLhropoloav
of educaLlon enaaaes lssues such as Lhe soclallzaLlon
process of schoollnaŤ Lhe producLlonţ Lransmlsslonţ and
acqulslLlon of ºculLure" wlLhln Lhe educaLlonal processŤ
Lhe role of eLhnocenLrlsm and culLural relaLlvlsm ln
schoolsŤ Lhe school's role ln Lhe creaLlon of ldenLlLvŤ
and how mlnorlLv aroups lnLeracL wlLh Lhe ma[orlLv
culLure of schoollnaŦ 1hese lssues are aL Lhe hearL of
lmmense debaLe and analvsls wlLhln educaLlonal pollcv
and pracLlceţ ranalna from quesLlons of mulLlculLural
educaLlon Lo whaL lL means Lo be educaLedŤ from
currlculum deslan Lo mulLlple lnLelllaenceŤ from whv
mlnorlLv sLudenLs dlsproporLlonaLelv fall ln school Lo
whaL lL means for a LesL Lo be ºculLurallv blasedŦ"
SCClALlZA1lCn
LLA8nlnC 1P8CuCP
SCClALlZA1lCn
Puman mlnds are malleable and adapLlveţ
capable of Laklna ln and lncorporaLlna evervLhlna
around LhemŦ lL ls Lhls capaclLv whlch has llfLed
humanlLv bevond Lhe mere lmpulses of naLureŦ
1he acL of learnlna lLselfţ howeverţ ls also
someLhlna LhaL can be molded bv our socleLvţ
affecLlna Lhe wav ln whlch we see Lhe worldŦ
SoclallzaLlon ls Lhe acL bv whlch people acqulre
and develop culLural normsţ personallLv LralLs and
behavlors from Lhose whom Lhev are surrounded
bv such as famllvţ peersţ rellalon and Lhe sLaLeŦ
1hls can be accompllshed elLher consclouslv or
unconsclouslvŦ CeneLlcs also plav a larae role ln
auldlna behavlorţ buL soclallzaLlon helps mold
Lhose lnveLeraLe LralLsŦ
A LLA8nlnC SCClL1?
A learnlna socleLv reaards Lhe acLual process of learnlna
as an 'acLlvlLvţ noL a place' Ŷ LhaL lsţ lL Lakes place ouLslde
of reaular educaLlonal lnsLlLuLlonsţ and ls Lhus also
decenLrallzed and dereaulaLedţ a LeneL of aloballzaLlon
LheorvŦ
Learnlna socleLles are broader ln conLexLţ drawlna on
elemenLs of svsLems Lo faclllLaLe Lhe ablllLv for llfelona
learnlna ln Lhe lndlvldualŦ lf llfelona learnlna ls abouL Lhe
ablllLv of Lhe lndlvldualţ Lhen Lhls ls enabled Lhrouah a
Learnlna SocleLvŦ
lL ls Lhe 'soclallzaLlon' of lndlvldual llfelona learnlnaţ and ls
currenLlv alded Lhrouah Lechnoloales and Lhe lncreaslna
focus on soclal neLworklnaţ bv uslna Lhe shared learnlna
experlences of lndlvlduals as a basls for a laraer neLwork
of educaLlon LhaL exlsLs formallv and lnformallv (schoolsţ
unlverslLlesţ [obŴLralnlnaţ supporLţ collaboraLlonţ feedback
eLcŦ)Ŧ
A LLA8nlnC SCClL1?
C8CuÞ LLA8nlnC
SLudenLs learn besL when Lhev are acLlvelv lnvolved ln Lhe processŦ
8esearchers reporL LhaLţ reaardless of Lhe sub[ecL maLLerţ sLudenLs worklna
ln small aroups Lend Lo learn more of whaL ls LauahL and reLaln lL lonaer Lhan
when Lhe same conLenL ls presenLed ln oLher lnsLrucLlonal formaLsŦ SLudenLs
who work ln collaboraLlve aroups also appear more saLlsfled wlLh Lhelr
classesŦ
varlous names have been alven Lo Lhls form of Leachlnaţ and Lhere are some
dlsLlncLlons amona Lheseť cooperaLlve learnlnaţ collaboraLlve learnlnaţ
collecLlve learnlnaţ learnlna communlLlesţ peer Leachlnaţ peer learnlnaţ
reclprocal learnlnaţ Leam learnlnaţ sLudv clrclesţ sLudv aroupsţ and work
aroupsŦ 8uL all ln allţ Lhere are Lhree aeneral Lvpes of aroup workť
W lofotmol leotoloo otoops are ad hoc Lemporarv clusLerlna of sLudenLs wlLhln
a slnale class sesslonŦ lnformal learnlna aroups can be lnlLlaLedţ for exampleţ
bv asklna sLudenLs Lo Lurn Lo a nelahbor and spend Lwo mlnuLes dlscusslna a
quesLlon vou have posedŦ
W otmol leotoloo otoops are Leams esLabllshed Lo compleLe a speclflc Laskţ
such as perform a lab experlmenLţ wrlLe a reporLţ carrv ouL a pro[ecLţ or
prepare a poslLlon paperŦ 1hese aroups mav compleLe Lhelr work ln a slnale
class sesslon or over several weeksŦ
W oJv eoms are lonaŴLerm aroups wlLh sLable membershlp whose prlmarv
responslblllLv ls Lo provlde members wlLh supporLţ encouraaemenLţ and
asslsLance ln compleLlna course requlremenLs and asslanmenLsŦ SLudv Leams
also lnform Lhelr members abouL lecLures and asslanmenLs when someone
has mlssed a sesslonŦ
C8CuÞ LLA8nlnC
1PL Lnu 1PL Lnu

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