History

Symmetrix arrays began in 1990 as an IBM Mainframe Block Multiplex Channel - (aka Bus and Tag) connected storage array. Newer generations of Symmetrix brought additional host connection protocols which include ESCON, SCSI, Fibre Channel-based SANs, FICON and iSCSI. The Symmetrix product was initially popular within the airline industry and with companies that were willing to deviate from the safety of IBM's 3390 disk subsystem and take a risk with the unproven Symmetrix array. EMC broadened its product line beyond mainframes into open systems in the mid-1990s and added replication features such as TimeFinder (local replication) and SRDF (remote replication).

Symmetrix V-Max Series
EMC Symmetrix V-Max systems are enterprise-class storage platforms intended for open systems and mainframe computing. V-Max systems run the Enginuity operating environment for Symmetrix and are offered in two models: The scalable Symmetrix V-Max system The single engine Symmetrix V-Max SE system.

The Symmetrix V-Max System
The Symmetrix V-Max system is the high-end, scalable storage array with a system bay and separate roll-up storage bays. The system scales from a single Symmetrix V-Max Engine system with one storage bay to a large eight engine system and a maximum of ten storage bays. Online system upgrades are achieved by adding single or multiple VMax Engines or additional storage bays. Each V-Max Engine contains two Symmetrix VMax directors with extensive CPU processing power, physical memory, front-end ports, and back-end ports. Drive capacity is increased by installing 4 Gb/s disk array enclosures to the storage bay.

The Symmetrix V-Max SE System
The Symmetrix V-Max SE system is the single engine Symmetrix system. Symmetrix VMax SE systems offer a single cabinet configuration that contains both the system logic and drives.

Gigabit Ethernet. FICON. FICON. all of the interoperability and host operating systems coverage. iSCSI Up to 128 ports Maximum depending on Connectivity connection type Maximum SRDF 32 (FC or GbE Ports SRDF ports) Enginuity Software Enginuity™ is the name of the storage operating environment that controls components in an EMC Symmetrix storage array. Gigabit Ethernet. iSCSI Up to 16 ports depending on connection type 4 (FC or GbE SRDF ports) Symmetrix DMX-4 2400 Direct Matrix Architecture N/A FC.Symmetrix DMX Series The DMX family of Symmetrix disk arrays was first introduced in February 2003. It is driven by real-time events related to the input and output of data and applies self-optimizing intelligence to deliver performance. availability and data integrity for EMC advanced storage arrays. This release delivered the first modular Symmetrix which was the DMX800 and well as the monolithic DMX1000. . FICON. Gigabit Ethernet. Platform Comparisons Symmetrix VMax Maximum Drives Architecture Maximum Integrated Directors Connection Types 2400 Virtual Matrix Architecture 16 Symmetrix VMax SE 360 Virtual Matrix Architecture 2 FC. This means that all of the reliability. DMX3 and DMX4. iSCSI Up to 16 ports depending on connection type 8 (GbE SRDF ports) FC. and all of the application software capabilities developed by EMC and its partners continue to perform productively and seamlessly as underlying hardware technology is refreshed. This new line of arrays replaced the old direct connect line of Symmetrix with an array whose components were all interconnected together. Advancements in Enginuity are carried forward in each successive EMC platform generation. availability. ESCON. Later revisions of the family were named DMX2. Gigabit Ethernet. and serviceability features. This specialized operating environment is optimized for data storage functions. iSCSI Up to 64 ports depending on connection type 8 (GbE SRDF ports) Symmetrix DMX-4 950 360 Direct Matrix Architecture N/A FC.

Enginuity provides built-in security capabilities while insulating storage applications from technology changes. 4. redundant disk placement and infrastructure to assure data availability and reliability. Enginuity dynamically controls events in complex and highly variable environments to maximize application performance under varying workloads. Open integration—Comprehensive coverage. 2. Managing multiple shared resources across Symmetrix systems. Symmetrix Management Console (SMC).Enginuity encompasses four key concepts: 1. Availability and reliability includes trend analysis and early detection as well as automatic failover and fully automated escalation upon problem detection. Availability—Always accessible data. Enginuity can control the consistency of data copies at various locations allowing for multiple application uses as well as full security and data integrity in the event of a catastrophic shutdown at any client site. Symmetrix Software TimeFinder TimeFinder is a family of EMC replication products that operate in a single Symmetrix array and non-disruptively create and manage point-in-time copies of data volumes. guaranteed interoperability. It can be administered by the user through Solutions Enabler Command Line Interface. Enginuity manages data integrity through redundant functions in hardware and software including mirrored memory. Foundation—Preemptive multi-tasking. EMC Control . operational consistency. Utilizing patented intelligent adaptive algorithms to manage data flow across channels. TimeFinder runs in Symmetrix Enginuity but is controlled by TimeFinder software running on an attached host. memory. EMC maintains a storage networking interoperability program for hardware and software. and investment protection. on the same array. Importantly. In addition. independent software vendors are able to utilize Enginuity functions in their own packages. Performance—Maximizing speed. 3. using openly available application programming interfaces (APIs) and supporting SMI industry standards. and disks. and security. or remotely on another remote Symmetrix array with EMC’s Symmetrix Remote Data Facility (SRDF). Enginuity on Symmetrix provides multiple RAID protection levels as well as copies of data locally. Enginuity also includes capabilities like Fully Automated Storage Tiering (FAST) and Virtual Provisioning – EMC’s thin provisioning option.

Cloned data is available to a host immediately upon activation.Center (ECC) or Mainframe Enablers. a specially designated volume within the Symmetrix configuration. Data may be copied from a single source device to as many as 128 target virtual devices. When a BCV is fully synchronized with a data device. SRDF The Symmetrix SRDF (Symmetrix Remote Data Facility) family of remote mirroring software offers various levels of Symmetrix based business continuity and disaster recovery solutions. TimeFinder/Clone TimeFinder/Clone provides single or multiple point-in-time copies of full volumes or individual datasets. . host-independent. TimeFinder/Snap TimeFinder/Snap provides pointer-only based replicas simultaneously on multiple target devices from a single source device. TimeFinder includes the following sets of products: TimeFinder/Mirror TimeFinder/Mirror is the original TimeFinder product that has been in existence for about 12 years. With a space saving TimeFinder/Snap only changed data is written to a pool of save devices. the BCV is separated or split. The target volume for a TimeFinder/Mirror process is a Business Continuance Volume (BCV). The SRDF product family offers the capability to maintain multiple. mirrored copies of data. It provides full copies of source volumes through a technique of hardware mirroring. even if the copy process has not completed. The Symmetrix systems participating in SRDF can be in the same room. TimeFinder Consistency Groups TimeFinder Consistency Groups is a flow control mechanism that is employed to create copys of source volumes at an instanteous point in time. TF/CG utilizes an Enginuity feature call ECA (Enginuity Consistency Assist) to momentarily halt writes to source volumes during the creation of the copy. Data reconstruction is from the source device and the pointers into the change tracking save pool. and made available to a host for backup or other host processes. or hundreds to thousands of kilometers apart. in different buildings within the same campus.

3. Storage resource optimization based on workload equality is the default behavior for Symmetrix arrays catering to homogenous application environments. applications. and host processors. Cache memory and disk access are key storage resources now subject to isolation and prioritization mechanisms. known as the primary (R1) device. However consolidation of dissimilar workloads on the same storage resources has become more desirable and this goal requires flexibility for differential treatment between workflows.SRDF transparently remotely mirrors production or primary (source) site data to a secondary (target) site to users. By maintaining copies of data in different physical locations. 2. 4. is configured in a partner relationship with a remote secondary (R2) device to form an SRDF pair. 5. The local SRDF device. increasing the aggregate cache utilization figure and . Dynamic Cache Partitioning With Dynamic Cache Partitioning (DCP) workloads that are cache friendly can be guaranteed more cache resources. databases. Disaster restart Disaster restart testing Recovery from planned outages Remote backup Data center migration Data replication and mobility Quality of Service Two Quality of Service tools available to EMC Symmetrix storage arrays are Dynamic Cache Partitioning (DCP) and Symmetrix Priority Controls (SPC). 6. SRDF enables the following operations with minimal impact on normal business processing: 1. The ability to set allocation preferences for these resources facilitates many storage management objectives.

However. Unlike regular Symmetrix devices. A working set that is not cache effective can be fenced into a small cache partition. partitions that shrink and grow based on cache efficiency measures and the scheduling of cache partition size changes to meet the needs of changing business cycles. SPC is designed to function only when disk contention is discovered. All of these techniques function well in homogenous environments. Symmetrix Priority Controls (SPC) is designed to provide distinction between multiple application workloads by setting preferences for higher-tier applications. 6. 5. Higher I/O rates on a disk while maintaining response time for priority work Consistent response times for priority workloads Balanced disk utilization through workload peaks and troughs Greater disk utilization More effective use of larger capacity. 3. The physical storage that is used to supply . thin devices do not need to have physical storage completely allocated at the time the devices are created and presented to a host. 2.improving that workload’s performance. Symmetrix Virtual Provisioning introduces a new type of host accessible device called a thin device that can be used in many of the same ways that regular. removing any cache diluting influence for other applications. 4. host accessible Symmetrix devices have traditionally been used. higher disk spin rates and reduced interface overheads attempt to counterbalance disk capacity increases and deliver improved access performance. The resulting increase in aggregate cache utilization improves the effective use of cache and allows maximal performance for prioritized workloads. Disk level buffering and request reordering are techniques that have evolved to specifically address disk optimization opportunities inherent in storage throughput operations. during times of disk contention. lower performance disks Simultaneous low priority work with minimal contention on higher priority work Virtual Provisioning Virtual Provisioning is EMC’s implementation of thin provisioning. Implementing user requested priorities at the disk level will deliver: 1. Virtual Provisioning allows users to create large “thin” volumes and present them to the host while consuming physical storage from a shared pool only as needed. DCP allows for cache partitions of fixed size. Symmetrix Priority Controls Many strategies currently exist to deliver improved performance for disk drives within storage subsystems. Faster seek times.

A thin storage pool is comprised of a new type of internal Symmetrix device called a data device that is dedicated to the purpose of providing the actual physical storage used by thin devices. environments FAST automates the identification of data volumes for the purposes of relocating application data across different performance/capacity tiers within an array. based upon the performance requirements of the application contained within the storage group. improving performance and reducing costs.drive space for a thin device comes from a shared thin storage pool that has been associated with the thin device. automates tiered storage strategies by moving workloads between Symmetrix tiers as performance characteristics change over time. Fully Automated Storage Tiering (FAST) Designed to work in standard provisioned. FAST also identifies less “busy” volumes that could be relocated to higher capacity drives. without existing performance being affected. or RAID protection schemes. Data movement executed during this activity is performed non-disruptively. Virtual Provisioning thin devices are supported for use with all Open Systems platforms that are qualified for connectivity to EMC Symmetrix DMX and V-Max disk arrays. When a read is performed on a thin device.” A roundrobin mechanism is used to balance the allocation of data device extents across all of the data devices in the pool that are enabled and that have remaining unused capacity. EMC Symmetrix Fully Automated Storage Tiering (FAST). This promotion/demotion activity is based on policies that associate a storage group to multiple drive technologies. FAST performs system reconfiguration. non-thin. When a write is performed to a portion of the thin device. the Symmetrix allocates a minimum allotment of physical storage from the pool and maps that storage to a region of the thin device including the area targeted by the write. while maintaining service levels. The thin device extent size is twelve 64 KB tracks (768 KB). without affecting business continuity and data availability. . The storage allocation operations are performed in small units of storage called “thin device extents. FAST proactively monitors workloads at the volume level in order to identify “busy” volumes that would benefit from being moved to higher performing drives. the data being read is retrieved from the appropriate data device in the storage pool to which the thin device is bound.

a single DRV is used. performance improvement and consolidation efforts while maintaining service levels. EFD promotion/demotion algorithm Capacity-based algorithm FC/SATA cross-tier algorithm The goal of the EFD promotion/demotion algorithm is to maximize Flash drive utilization within the array.FAST uses three distinct algorithms when determining the appropriate tier for a device. in order of probability. 2. enables transparent. A move occurs when unconfigured space exists in the target tier. enhanced with Enginuity 5874 for the Symmetrix V-Max Series. Devices are sorted by disk service time. are: 1. and a DRV is not required. and results in a corresponding device being moved out of the target tier. There are two methods by which a device will be relocated to another tier: swap or move. The goal of the capacity-based algorithm is to enforce the FAST policy storage usage rules. Symmetrix Virtual LUN assists with system reconfiguration. A swap occurs when there is no unconfigured space in the target tier. The goal of the FC/SATA cross-tier algorithm is to balance utilization across Fibre Channel and SATA technologies. as well as the EMC Solutions Enabler Command Line Interface (SYMCLI). Symmetrix metadevices are moved as a complete entity— metadevice members may not exist in different physical disk groups. FAST will then attempt to place those devices onto Flash drives. Only one device is involved in a move. If Optimizer is also enabled on the Symmetrix. and the most utilized devices will be moved to the least utilized disks. Management and operation of FAST is provided by EMC Symmetrix Management Console (SMC). 3. When complete. Virtual LUN Symmetrix Virtual LUN Technology enables tiered storage strategies by allowing manual “re-tiering” of data as its value changes over time. the algorithm will have listed all the devices in the array in order of which devices would be best served being configured on EFD. The algorithms. In order to preserve data on both devices involved in the swap. Virtual LUN technology. then the traditional Optimizer algorithm will be used to balance load within a physical disk group. . nondisruptive data mobility among storage tiers within the same array and between RAID protection schemes. A storage group is considered to be in violation when a higher percentage of devices exist on a tier than is configured in the policy for that tier.

and Open Replicator. . with full inter-RAID flexibility. Fully automated storage tiering (FAST).Virtual LUN technology offers two types of data movement: migration to unconfigured space and migration to configured space. Virtual LUN technology is supported for both open system and mainframe devices. It provides a specialized library of UNIX-formatted commands. Control operations on array devices and ports. Management Software EMC provides host packages that to assist in the management of the Symmetrix array. and systems engineers. 1. Device creation. control. Example Solutions Enabler operations. and supports command line entries and scripts to perform configuration. The following sections list the host software that provide management controls over the Symmetrix: Solutions Enabler EMC Solutions Enabler is software that provides a host with SYMAPI (Symmetrix Application Programming Interface). 3. Solutions Enabler software supports both open systems and mainframe operating systems. CLARAPI (CLARiiON Application Programming Interface) and STORAPI (Storage Application Programming Interface) shared libraries for use by Solutions Enabler applications. Set array-wide metrics. and management operations on devices and data objects in EMC storage environments. TimeFinder/Snap. the migration provides users the ability to move data between high-performance drives and high-capacity drives. Virtual LUN technology is fully interoperable with all other Symmetrix replication technologies – SRDF. and creation of device pools for thin provisioning. 5. TimeFinder/Clone. and includes support for metavolumes. and database administrators. device provisioning (for host allocation). system. or the Solutions Enabler Command Line Interface (SYMCLI). Solutions Enabler was developed by EMC for storage. 4. Optimize array performance. or to populate newly added drives. 2. Virtual LUN migrations can be managed via the Symmetrix Management Console (SMC) graphical interface. In each case. These host packages perform functions today that used to be the exclusive domain of EMC Customer Engineers many years ago.

reserve devices. It was developed to concurrently support all the features of Enginuity™ Version 5671 and later. SMC presents the functionality of the Solutions Enabler SYMCLI (command line interface) in a browser interface. create/dissolve metadevices) 5. TimeFinder/Clone. In a local installation. set device status. Manage Fully Automate Storage Tiering (FAST). virtual provisioning. Perform configuration operations (create devices. set device attributes. set port flags. Open Replicator) 7. Monitor alerts Monitor an application’s performance Symmetrix Management Console can manage storage related operations from device creation and provisioning to features such as. SMC manages up to ten Symmetrix DMX and/or V-Max units. create SAVE device pools) 4.6. In a remote installation. Perform virtual LUN migration tasks. and Autoprovisioning Groups 6.000 storage volumes. Perform and monitor replication operations (TimeFinder®/Mirror. FAST. Open Systems and iSeries environments. 7. Manage QOS (Quality of Service) metrics. 8. SMC is used to perform the following functions. map and mask devices. and up to 80. and permission roles Discover Symmetrix arrays 3. 2. SRDF®. replication configuration and monitoring. duplicate devices. TimeFinder/Snap. SMC manages physical and virtual storage. SMC operates on Symmetrix arrays in Mainframe. set Symmetrix attributes. user accounts. Enginuity and Flare are the intelligent underlying software that drives the storage array operating platform. the SMC software is installed on a system that is connected to the SYMAPI server. the SMC software is installed on the same system as the SYMAPI (Symmetrix Application Programming Interface) server. 1. Symmetrix Management Console Symmetrix Management Console (SMC) is a browser-based user interface designed for configuring and managing Symmetrix arrays. Manage devices (change device configuration. The ‘SYMAPI server’ and ‘base’ license keys are required as part of the installation for use . Solutions Enabler software is accompanied with every EMC storage array (Symmetrix/CLARiiON) that is sold. SMC deploys a client/server model where it can be installed in local or remote locations. Manage Symmetrix access controls. This is a critical piece of software and fully compatible with either Symmetrix Enginuity or CLARiiON Flare.

These features are listed below: Parallel Access Volume (PAV) Parallel Access Volumes are implemented within z/OS allowing one I/O to take place for each base unit control block (UCB). and hyperPAVs. With hyperPAVs. Symmetrix Features for Mainframe Symmetrix provides specific features that provide compatibility with mainframe storage arrays provided by IBM. aliases are applied to the base UCBs (devices) when the need arises. and includes export and print capability for all data graphs. HyperPAVs allow fewer aliases to be defined within a logical control unit. Current Enginuity releases provide support for static. dynamic. SPA adds an optional layer of data collection. 2. Multiple Allegiance (MA) allows multiple parallel nonconflicting accesses to the same . or on its own. These alias UCBs allow parallel I/O access for volumes. and a Java runtime environment must be enabled on the client browser. and presentation tools to the SMC implementation.5 (and later) in the VMware infrastructure. 5. 4. SPA was developed to work with the Symmetrix Management Console (SMC). Symmetrix Performance Analyzer EMC Symmetrix Performance Analyzer (SPA) is a browser-based tool used to perform historical trending and analysis of Symmetrix array performance data. 3. 6. SMC is also available as a virtual appliance for the ESX v3. Multiple Allegiance (MA) While PAVs facilitate multiple parallel accesses to the same device from a single LPAR. and one for each statically or dynamically assigned alias UCB. The SPA interface can open in its own web window from the SMC menu. Set performance thresholds and alerts View high frequency metrics as they become available Perform root cause analysis View graphs detailing system performance Drill down through data to investigate issues Monitor performance and capacity over time SPA also provides a “fast lane” to display possible performance road blocks with one click.with SMC. You can use SPA to: 1. analysis.

In other words. which allows small data transfers to be transmitted at the same time as larger ones. zHPF support .10.device from multiple LPARs. FICON uses a mapping layer based on technology developed for Fibre Channel and multiplexing technology. Unlike ESCON. ESCON. and supports half duplex data transfers. With Enginuity release level 5670 and later. Extended Address Volume The ability to utilize volumes that are greater than 65. Multiple Allegiance I/O executes concurrently with PAV I/O.207 support EAVs. Symmetrix arrays running Enginuity 5773 and later have support in Enginuity itself. EMC Symmetrix V-max arrays utilizing Enginuity 5874. With the Enginuity service release 5874. FlashCopy Support Symmetrix arrays running Enginuity 5772 and earlier support FlashCopy channel commands through use of z/OS host emulation package that runs as a started task. FICON supports full duplex data transfers and enables greater throughput rates over longer distances.000 cylinders was provided in z/OS 1. V-Max supports 8 Gb FICON connectivity. ESCON support Enterprise Systems Connection (ESCON) is a fiber-optic connection technology that interconnects mainframe computers. Fibre Channel support Fibre Channel is a supported option with z/VM and z/Linux. The Symmetrix storage system treats them equally and guarantees data integrity by serializing writes where extent conflicts exist. FICON support Fiber Connection (FICON) is a fiber-optic channel technology that extends the capabilities of its previous fiber optic channel standard. a FlashCopy channel command is sent to the array where the command is executed by Enginuity. Symmetrix storage systems support FICON ports.207. workstations and network-attached storage devices across a single channel. ESCON may also be used for handling Symmetrix Remote Data Facility (SRDF) remote links.

.System z10 High Performance FICON (zHPF) represents the latest enhancement to the FICON interface architecture aimed at offering an improvement in the performance of online transaction processing (OLTP) workloads. Mainframe systems that are presently channel-constrained running heavy workloads using a 4K page size will reap the greatest benefit from this feature.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful