KILO SUBMARINE

Non-nuclear submarine of KILO class (636 project)

Th e submarine of 636 project is a striking example of implementation and development of one of the most successful series of submarines in non-nuclear submarine shipbuilding – project 877 EKM of KILO class.
Entered service Crew Diving depth (maximum) Sea endurance Range Length Beam Draught Surfaced displacement Submerged displacement Surfaced speed Submerged speed Diesel engines Electric motors Missiles Torpedoes Other 1982 52 men 300 m 45 days 7.500 n miles snorkelling at 7 knots with diesel overload – 400 submerged at 3 knots Dimensions and displacement 73.8 m 9.9 m 6.6 m 2 325 tons 3200 tons Propulsion and speed 10 knots 21 knots 2 x 3 650 hp 1 x 5 900 hp Armament 8 x SA-N-8 'Gremlin' or SA-N-10 'Gimlet' SAM missiles 6 x 533-mm torpedo tubes for 18 torpedoes and anti-ship missiles or 24 mines

The most important features of these submarines are:

• •

low noise; reasonable degree of automation of control procedures of propulsion facilities, ship's systems and weapon application;

• •

powerful missile-torpedo and mine armament; good conditions of habitability for personnel; easy maintenance.

Since 1986 submarines of KILO class have been exported. At the same time since the middle of the nineties construction was started of 636 project submarines of the same class but with more powerful propulsion plant, the submarine has less noise and is equipped with control system for multi-purpose electric remote-controlled torpedoes. The joint work for modernization of submarines of 877 EKM project, in which CDB ME ”Rubin”, RPA “AVRORA”, FSUE RI “ELECTROPRIBOR”, DB “NOVATOR” and RPA “AGAT” took an active part, began in 1998. The result of this work was a successful solution of the task of creation and testing in ship's conditions a new anti-ship missile-torpedo complex “CLUBS” with a new computerized information system for control of armament and a new inertial navigation system. After successful completion of the trials in 2000 the submarines were handed over to the Customer. During the period of up to 2002 FSUE “Admiralty Shipyards” constructed and delivered to the Customer 13 submarines of projects 877 EKM and 636. This is more than a half of the total quantity of submarines of this class constructed in our country. During the same period 4 submarines were refitted in the course of medium repair. Adding of anti-ship cruise missile complex to submarine's arsenal considerably extended combat resources of submarines of KILO class and raised their competitiveness on the world market of ХХI century. Great experience, gained by the shipyard's specialists and involved enterprises, has been profitably employed during construction of new submarines of this class and submarines of the forth generation. At present construction of submarine series of KILO class of project 636 equipped with the above-named complexes is in progress. Besides, submarines of this series are fitted out with a new storage battery with increased service life and a new system of reception of radio-information from coast in underwater condition.

Kilo class
Patrol submarine

The Kilo class diesel-electric patrol submarine has achieved respectable export sales

The Soviets procured the submarine in four variants: the Project 877 baseline model. some of them Type 636 submarines with improved propulsion and fire-control systems. the Lada (Project 677) was launched in November 2004.6 m Surfaced displacement 2 325 tons Submerged displacement 3 076 tons Propulsion and speed Surfaced speed 10 knots Submerged speed 17 knots Diesel engines 2 x 3 650 hp Electric motors 1 x 5 900 hp Armament 8 x SA-N-8 'Gremlin' or Missiles SA-N-10 'Gimlet' SAM missiles 6 x 533-mm torpedo Torpedoes tubes for 18 torpedoes Other or 24 mines The Project 877 or Vashavyanka diesel-electric submarine. . Russia The Russian Kilo Class submarine first entered service in the early 1980s. the boat can be considered only basic by comparison with contemporary Western submarines. India (10). It is said to be capable of detecting an enemy submarine at a range three to four times greater than it can be detected itself. with extended hull. The foreplanes are positioned on the upper hull in front of the fin or sail. St Petersburg. the Type 877EKM and the Type 636. China has two Type 636 submarines. First delivered from the shipyard at Komsomolsk in eastern Siberia.the latter's boat having been modified with pumpjet propulsion. A successor. The design is a development of the 877EKM Kilo class. Maximum diving depth is 300m. In design the Kilo class is a development of the Tango class with an improved hull form. Poland (one) and Romania (one). and also for the patrol and surveillance tasks. Project 877K with improved firecontrol. DESIGN The submarine consists of six watertight compartments separated by transverse bulkheads in a pressurised double-hull. Speed is 11 knots when surfaced and more than 20 knots when submerged. and the slightly longer Project 4B with uprated diesels. It was designed by the Rubin Central Maritime Design Bureau.500 miles when snorkelling at 7 knots and 400 miles when submerged at 3 knots. an electric motor turning more slowly for less noise. but then built in the western USSR at Nizhny Novgorod ant the Admiralty Yard in Leningrad (now St Petersburg). Project 877M with provision for wire-guided torpedoes from two tubes. Subsequent developments have led to the current production versions. the boat is of the medium-endurance type and the first example was launched in 1979 for completion in 1982. better known in the West as the Kilo class. was designed in the early 1970s for the anti-submarine and anti-ship defence of Soviet naval bases. even with one compartment and two adjacent ballast tanks flooded.Entered service 1982 Crew 52 men Diving depth (maximum) 300 m Sea endurance 45 days Dimensions and displacement Length 73. China (12).9 m Draught 6. Boats have been exported to Algeria (two). coastal installations and sea lanes. The Kilo submarine was originally built at the Komsomolsk shipyard but is now constructed at the Admiralty Shipyard in St Petersburg. the second of which joined the Chinese fleet in January 1999. and an automated data system to provide firecontrol data for two simultaneous interceptions. The Type 636 submarine is considered to be to be one of the quietest diesel submarines in the world. Iran (three). The power of the diesel generators has been increased and the main propulsion shaft speed has been reduced to provide a substantial reduction in the acoustic signature of the submarine. SSK Improved Kilo Class (Type 636) Attack Submarine. Even so. Range is 7. This design and the submarine's good reserve buoyancy lead to increased survivability if the submarine is holed. and single boats with the Baltic and Black Sea Fleets. Rubin is developing an airindependent propulsion (AIP) system which could be available for retrofit to the other versions. and by the first part of the 21st century the Russian navy had deleted 15 of these. leaving it with nine boats with the Northern and Pacific Fleets (three and four respectively).8 m Beam 9. Some 24 Kilos were built for the Soviet navy. Type 636 is designed for antisubmarine (ASW) and anti-surface ship (ASuW) warfare and also for general reconnaissance and patrol missions.

Two 120-cell storage batteries are installed in the first and third compartments of the submarine. Maximum range is 6km. The computercontrolled torpedo system is provided with a quick-loading device. detection of underwater sound signals and determination of the signal bearing. There are two additional stand-by motors for running in shallow waters. The first salvo is fired within two minutes and the second within five minutes. The vessels can be fitted with the Novator Club-S (SS-N-27) cruise missile system which fires the 3M-54E1 anti-ship missile. The system's high-speed computer can process information from the surveillance equipment and display it on the screen. determine submerged and surface target data and calculate firing parameters. with a maximum range of 5km and speed of Mach 1. These missiles are manufactured by the Fakel Design Bureau. and provide information and recommendations on manoeuvres and deployment of weapons. TORPEDOES The submarine is equipped with six 533mm forward torpedo tubes situated in the nose of the submarine and carries 18 torpedoes with six in the torpedo tubes and twelve stored on the racks. telephone and telegraph communication in both long and short range modes. The main machinery is equipped with an automatic control system. radar warning receiver and direction-finder. Strela. a main propulsion motor. Kaliningrad. echo-ranging in a ±30° sector of the target relative bearing.3 (NATO Designation SA-N-8 Gremlin) has a cooled infrared seeker and 2kg warhead. This provides: detection of submarine and surface ship targets in sonar listening mode. Alternatively the torpedo tubes can deploy 24 mines. PROPULSION The submarine's propulsion system consists of two diesel generators. MISSILES The submarine has a launcher for eight Strela-3 or Igla surface-to-air missiles. at mooring and in cases of emergency. COUNTERMEASURES Countermeasures include electronic support measures (ESM). Range is 220km with 450kg high explosive warhead. a fuel-economic motor and a single shaft driving a seven-blade fixed-pitch propeller. The submarine’s radar works in periscope and surface modes and provides information on the underwater and air situation. . Two torpedo tubes are designed for firing remote-controlled torpedoes with a very high accuracy. Igla (NATO designation SA-N-10 Gimlet) is also infrared-guided but heavier. provide automatic fire control.65. and navigational safety.COMMAND SYSTEM The submarine is equipped with a multi-purpose combat and command system which provides information for effective submarine control and torpedo firing. radar identification. SENSORS Type 636 is fitted with the MGK-400EM digital sonar.

less than 20km ahead of the target.Club S Naval Cruise Missile Novator experimental machine design bureau (Russia) Club S submarine launched cruise missile family. cruise autonomously along a selected flight trajectory and. drops to a sea skimming level of 5 – 10 meters (20 . The missile is equipped with a 400kg (880 pound) warhead.30 feet). The missile can be launched from standard torpedo tubes. selection and guidance. This 40 kg system radar system is employed in the terminal phase. and is designed to operate as a single missile or in salvos firing. at a speed of 240 m/sec. at an altitude of 20 meters (70 feet). the Args 14e designed by Radar MMS of St. Petersburg. capable of striking land and naval targets from a range of 275km. Russia is promoting the Amur-950 (Lada . from depth of 35 – 40 m' (130 feet). to provide target detection. The seeker is designed for high resistance to ECM. One of the key elements in the effectiveness of the new Club S is its active radar seeker. includes the 3M-54E1 anti-ship missile and 3M-14E land attack versions. and when approaching the target.

The big advantage pump jets offer is providing the submarine with a higher tactical 'silent speed'. The added weight and cost is worthless if the batteries (or even present day fuel cells) of a conventional powered submarine cannot sustain those higher silent speeds a pump jet could exploit for very long. Water sea suction intakes in the leading edges of the horizontal sternplanes on the SSN's then can provide cooling circulation by the forward motion of the vessel through the water. The Russian planned contingent is for 10 strategic submarines expected to be commissioned within the next decade (5 will be project 935. Pump jets are indeed heavier. armed with the Club-S cruise missile system capable of hitting underwater. Pump Jet Propulsors The Russians appreciate the design advantages of pump jet propulsors.Pump jets are very impractical on diesel powered submarines.the reactor power plant cooling circulation pumps. Hence the Kilo test boat . Usually tugs for docking are manditory.class) diesel electric submarine.877V project design. All pump jet submarines also have little reversing backing power astern too. The new generation Russian ballistic missile submarines of the Borei class (officially designated Project 935).and Vladimir Monomakh. Nuclear power you can sustain those speeds for literally years.Alexander Nevsky. These new submarines have been named: Yury Dolgoruky. and 5 will be a more advanced project 955 in service by 2015.the British Trafalgar and Swifture SSN's . surface and land targets. A conventional propeller submarine may have a silent speed of 7 to 9 knots. . On the new American Seawolf.speculating in the 'teen' speeds or more.it is for experimental tests of short duration runs only. But the operational advantages of the lamp shade on the stern seem to out weigh this. the pump jet submarine much higher . This is why you see pump jets only on nuclear powered combatants.and if ever on diesel submarines at all. but so much quieter. Builders Models of these submarines show a Russian pump jet design. a potential source of radiated noise can be switched off. The same math and physics work in both the former east as well as the west.

However. Russia's newspaper Voyenno-promyshlennyy kuryer (MilitaryIndustrial Courier) reported that Boris Aleshin. http://www. as well. there have been reports that Russia and India have been discussing the possible lease of a Project 971 Shchuka B (NATO name Akula II) submarine. testing.[1] Since the late 1990s. head of Russia's Federal Industry Agency.[3] Varshavyanka-(Kilo)class submarine for the Indian Navy. the K43 (renamed Chakra while in Indian service). from 1988 to 1991 the Soviet Union leased a Project 670 Skat (NATO name Charlie I) class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine. Two nuclearpowered submarines remain under construction at the Amurskiy Zavod shipyard in Komsomolsk-na-Amure. including the world's largest shipbuilding complex.star.Zvezdochka Shipyard. made up of two shipyards: the Northern Machine-Building Enterprise (more commonly referred to as Sevmash) and the Zvezdochka State Machine-Building Enterprise. technology transfer from the Soviet Union assisted the Chinese in the construction of their first nuclear boat in 1966. repair.ru . construction. while additional yards are involved in nuclear submarine dismantlement (for more information on nuclearpowered submarine dismantlement. most likely one of the vessels currently under construction at the Amurskiy shipyard. created by the Center for Nonproliferation Studies. and production centers. design.) To date.[2] In February 2005. please see Russia: Naval Nuclear Reactors. although the reactors were operated by a Soviet crew and the vessel was returned to the Soviet Union. in the NTI Nuclear and Missile Database. which copied but was not identical to Soviet Project 629 (NATO name Golf) class submarines. In addition. in the Russian Far East. It encompassed an expansive network of research. known today as the Russian State Center for Atomic Shipbuilding (GRTsAS) in Severodvinsk.Export Behavior The Soviet and later Russian nuclear submarine program involved a variety of industrial enterprises. neither Russia nor the Soviet Union before it have sold nuclear submarines to foreign parties. Source: Zvezdochka Website. and decommissioning of nuclear-powered ships. The Severodvinsk shipyards are involved in the design. Severodvinsk. told Amurskiy Zavod to resume work on the boats for the Indian Navy.

The Malakhit (or Malachite) Central Marine-Engineering Design Bureau. including three to Iran in the early 1990s. China has already purchased four Varshavyankas from Russia. a Project 667 boat for the Russian Navy. which has working nuclear submarine reactors. has also been a major designer of submarines. and Algeria. slated to train about 300 Indian naval officers. The Amur is smaller than the Varshavyanka. which are the mainstay of its current export program. for military and civilian uses. Further. is awaiting funds for its completion at the Admiralty Shipyards. which became the mainstay of the Chinese fleet. and automated information and control systems. India is a key export market for Russian submarines. like the Soviet Union before it. it started selling the Project 877 Varshavyanka (NATO name Kilo) and its later variant Project 636 class submarines. The most-exported submarine was the Project 613 (NATO name Whiskey) class boat: 61 submarines of this class were exported to eight countries. The height of Soviet submarine exports came between 1960 and 1980. each armed with nuclear or conventional warheads with a striking range of 3. India has imported eight Varshavyankas. an Amur 1650 for export. including new cruise missile. as well as boats sold to India. submarine power plants (both nuclear and diesel).7] With the waning demand and resources for nuclear submarine production. created by the Center for Nonproliferation Studies. The Russian participation likely focuses on the submarines' weapon systems (Russia has been jointly developing the BrahMos missile with India. Although the Chinese Navy has expressed its interest in AIP boats.[6. of which 138 were nuclear. is the location of the Russian Navy Training Center. Besides the possible lease of a nuclear-powered submarine (mentioned above). it has designed more than 20 submarine classes. Sankt Peterburg. see the discussion under the French Exports file).[8] Diesel submarines built from Rubin designs serve in 14 navies around the world. Petersburg. Russia is also refitting earlier Project 877E boats with the Klub S missile system. Petersburg.and diesel-powered submarines.000 km.[9] The Amur class is the export version of the Project 667 (Lada) class submarine. please see Russia: Missile Exports To India Developments.[4] The Russian Navy's Shchuka B submarines are equipped with 28 cruise missiles. and submarine-launched weaponry since its formation in 1948. the lead boat of Project 877EKM and outfitted with the Klub-S cruise missile (NATO name SS-NX-27 Alfa) complex. However. the Soviets also exported large numbers of Project 633 (Romeo) class submarines. which designed three generations of Russian nuclear. By the mid-1970s.[5] Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering Since the Rubin design bureau was founded in 1901. in the mid-1980s. For more information on BrahMos. An extremely quiet boat. Russia. the Soviet Union had begun exporting Project 641 (Foxtrot) class submarines. totaling approximately 950 submarines. was built at Admiralty Shipyards and handed over to India in 2000. [10] The first of class. China has emerged as a critical importer of Russian-made naval equipment. has a large diesel submarine production program and actively exports these boats. Contracts for 27 Varshavyankas have been concluded to date. Finally. China. in the Leningrad region. no AIP-equipped submarines have yet been exported by Russia. the state-controlled Rubin design bureau has focused its efforts on establishing commercial exports of fourth generation Project 667 Amur-class and Varshavyanka-class diesel submarines. Russia is reportedly part of a joint bid with Germany's HDW for a sale of submarines and submarine construction technology to India (for more information. Sosnovyy Bor. Further. Petersburg. [11] No buyer has yet been identified for this vessel. The first exports of Project 877E (Varshavyanka) class submarines were delivered to the Polish and Indian navies in April 1986. in St. Poland. inertial navigation.Yet another indication of Russian plans is the scheduled September 2005 opening of a training center in Sosnovyy Bor. it is possible that Russia might decide to export nuclear submarines to China in the future. was launched by Admiralty Shipyards in October 2004. Romania. India. including two improved Project 636 models. The boats are constructed at the Admiralteyskiye Verfi (Admiralty Shipyards) in St. In addition to China. inside. designed for operation in the littoral. More recently. and likely has simulators. and Amurskiy Shipyard. when some 90 diesel boats were exported around the world. not reactors. There have also been suggestions that Russians have continued to have a role in assisting China in its construction of nuclear-powered submarines. including all of Russia's diesel submarines for export. in the NTI Nuclear and Missile Database.[12] . A second boat.) The chief promoter of Russian submarine exports is the Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering in St. it is expected to cost significantly less than the Varshavyanka boats. In the early 1970s. the Indian version is expected to be armed with the 300-km Klub missiles already installed on the Project 1135 (NATO name Krivak) class frigates and Project 877 Varshavyanka (NATO name Kilo) class diesel submarines Russia has built for India. has had some five Varshavyankas refit with the Klub-S system. the Amur can be outfitted with air-independent propulsion (AIP) systems. for instance. Project 877EKM is a modification of 877E. the new training center building is adjacent to the Russian Navy training center. the Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard in Nizhniy Novgorod. Rubin showcases these vessels at international defense exhibitions. although no such negotiations appear to have begun. it has turned to the design and production of mini-submarines. Sindhushastra.

which was constructed at Sevmash. the Project 661 Anchar (NATO name Papa) SSGN. in the Russian Far East. http://www.ckb-rubin. small submarines. and remains the leader in designing naval hardware for the Russian Navy. Two of these boats are currently under construction at Amurskiy Shipyard.[7] Most recently. and designers at Malakhit were the first Russians to find a way to outfit nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles.[13. await French government approval. For foreign navies.ckb-rubin. Malakhit worked in close cooperation with the Kurchatov Institute. [6] Malakhit also designed the world's first nuclear submarine equipped with heavy metal-cooled reactors.ru . unified torpedo-missile armament systems to accommodate the latest types of cruise missiles. Malakhit is promoting the Project 865 Piranya (NATO name Losos) class mini-submarine to Southeast Asia. torpedoes. and the Near East. Malakhit has been developing new. The Triton-class mini-submarine is even being promoted to commercial customers for tourism.Malakhit Central Marine-Engineering Design Bureau The Malakhit design bureau was founded in 1948. and participated in the creation of the world's first titanium-hulled nuclear submarine. rocket-assisted torpedoes. class SSN). initiated at the November 2004 EuroNavale expo in Paris. NATO name November. Source: Rubin Website. and mines. As noted above. which is quick and relatively inexpensive to build. http://www. there have been reports for nearly a decade that India might purchase or lease one of these boats. these offers.[15] In addition. and takes credit for designing the Soviet Union's first nuclear-powered submarine (the Project 627.[6] In the export sphere. the Malakhit design bureau designed the Project 971 Shchuka-B or Bars (NATO name Akula) class nuclear-powered submarine. Source: Rubin Website. and equipment for the oil and gas market. is well-suited to navies that must operate in shallow waters. Malakhit believes that the vessel. There have also been negotiations with France over joint construction and sale of Piranyas to third countries. Malakhit's main push has been the export of mini-submarines. South Asia. the Project 645 (also November class). According to Russian sources. which appeared at expositions in Indonesia (February 2005) and Singapore (May 2005). the first of class was laid down in July 1984. While the Russian Navy no longer uses Piranyas (only two were ever built). Kilo-class submarine.ru Northern Machine-Building Enterprise (Sevmash) Project 877 (Varshavyanka) submarine.14] The Piranya was originally designed for the Soviet Navy.

both state-owned entities. It had promoted the boat to India.[16. as is currently planned. Russia's Project 636 (Improved Kilo) submarine. and Leningradskoye Admiralteyskoye Obedineniye. but in 2001 India decided to purchase French Scorpènes instead. Admiralteyskiye Verfi is a joint stock company. Sevmash also defuels and dismantlies Russian SSBNs (four are at Sevmash for scrapping as of 2005).[18] Most recently. Admiralty Shipyards has built a line of Varshavyanka submarines for the Indian and Chinese navies.ru negotiating the refit of the three Varshavyankas sold to Iran with the Klub S system. Kilo class submarine An Iranian Kilo class submarine.[21] In February 2005.24] Unlike Sevmash and Zvezdochka. Zvezdochka has been involved with dismantling SSBNs under START I.[26] The shipyard also has contracts to modernize Indian and Chinese Project 877EKM Kilos (outfitting them as Project 636 vessels). Both boats are awaiting trials. has also recently begun Source: Admiralty Website. Admiralteyskiye Verfi is a former nuclear submarine production facility and consists of two side-by-side shipyards in St. 2005. Both Zvezdochka and Admiralty shipyards will vie for the Iranian contract. Sevmash has begun to construct submarines for export for the first time. Admiralty. each such contract is worth about $1 million.[25] In addition. On July 27. the yard has repaired and modernized over 100 first-. was commissioned in 1954. [16. and has laid down an Amur 1650 (the export variant of the Lada). United Admiralty.23. Admiralty was completing work on two Varshavyankas for China. and one Akula is still in the drydock at the yard.admship.[20] More recently. Rosoboroneksport. and is hoping to expand production of submarines for export still further: in late 2005 or early 2006 it is expected to decide conclusively whether to invest some $80 million in a new production line for diesel submarines.[19] Zvezdochka State Machine-Building Enterprise The smaller of the two shipyards of the Russian State Center for Atomic Shipbuilding (GRTsAS) in Severodvinsk. The two submarines were the first diesel boats constructed at Sevmash in 40 years. it has overhauled and modernized several of India's Project 877EKM Varshavyanka (Kilo) class submarines. weapons export agency. second-.17] Currently. the Yunes Builders: Class overview Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering “Rubin” . but has yet to find a buyer. The first was launched in May.The largest of the two shipyards of the Russian State Center for Atomic Shipbuilding (GRTsAS) in Severodvinsk. for the modernization of the Sindhudhvaj. Since its establishment.[26] The shipyard is building five of the eight SSKs ordered by Beijing. Petersburg. By 1995. it signed its most recent such contract. Sevmash launched the second of two diesel-electric Kilo-class submarines the yard is building for export under contract to Rosoboroneksport. For instance. [22] Admiralteyskiye Verfi (Admiralty Shipyards) Also known as Admiralty-Sudomekh. and third-generation submarines. the Northern Machine-Building Enterprise (more commonly referred to as Sevmash) began building nuclear-powered submarines in 1952. The shipyard is building a new Project 667 Ladaclass submarine for the Russian Navy. http://www. the shipyard is constructing fourth-generation submarines for the Russian Navy (the Borey-class SSBN and Yasen-class SSGN) and overhauling Russian Navy submarines—repairs were completed on one Bars-class (NATO name Akula) SSN and one Akula-class (Typhoon) SSBN in the past three years. Zvezdochka also constructs submarines for export and repairs submarines previously exported. As of July 2005. Sevmash had constructed 125 submarines and had produced all the Northern Fleet's SSBNs. Zvezdochka.

000-4.5 m Depth of hold: Operational: 240 meters Maximum: 300 meters Installed Diesel-electric power: Propulsion: Diesel-electric propulsion 2 x 1000 kW Diesel generators 1 x 5. Komsoloľsk na Amure Shipyard "Leningradskoe Admiralteyskoe Obedinenie" (Admiralteyskie Verfi).Shipyard 199 "Krasnoe Sormovo".000 tons full load Length: 70. Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) Shipyard "Severnoe Mašinostroiteľnoe Predprijatie".800 shp Propulsion motor 1 x fixed-pitch Propeller Speed: Surfaced: 10-12 knots Submerged: 17-25 knots Range: With snorkel: 6.500-6.500 miles at .0-74.0 meters Draft: 6.300-2.350 tons Submerged:3. Severodvinsk Operators: Soviet Navy Russian Navy Indian Navy Islamic Republic of Iran Navy Indonesian Navy Polish Navy Romanian Naval Forces Algerian National Navy People's Liberation Army Navy Vietnamese People's Navy Preceded by: Tango class submarine Succeeded by: Lada class submarine In April 1982 commission: Building: 9 Completed: 49 Active: 42 Laid up: 5 Retired: 2 General characteristics Displacement: Surfaced: 2.000-7. Nizhniy Novgorod (Gorkiy) Shipyard 112."imeni Leninskogo Komsomola".

1 Kilo ORP Orzeł. and Project 636 Varshavyanka in Russia. B-471 Magnitogorsk. B-808 Yaroslavl'.17 Kilo in active service (B-445.3 Kilo. B-190. [1] These tiles also help attenuate sounds that are emitted from the submarine.[11] Romania . The original version of the vessels were designated Project 877 Paltus (Turbot) in Russia.(Delfinul II).1 Project 877 units o 2. B-177 Lipetsk. B-394.2 Original Kilo. while 7 vessels are thought to be in reserve.[12] Russia .1 Kilo . 10 active. B-871 Alrosa. B-260 Chita. designated as Improved Kilo in the west. 33 vessels have been exported to several countries: • • • • • • • Algeria .2 Original Kilo. The improved sonar systems have reduced the number of operators needed by sharing the same console via automation. 2 Improved Kilo to be commissioned between 2009-2010. B-402 Vologda). B-227. The Kilo will be succeeded by the Lada class submarine. B-340.7 miles at 21 knots Endurance: 45 days Test depth: 300 m Complement: 52 Armament: 6/553 mm torpedo tubes 18 torpedoes 24 mines 8 SA-N-8 Gremlin or 8 SA-N-10 Gimlet Surface-to-air missiles (export submarines may not be equipped with air defense weapons) The Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a military diesel-electric submarine that is made in Russia. 10 Improved Kilo. 3 Improved Kilo ordered . B-806. thus reducing the range by which the sub may be detected by passive sonar. B-494 Ust'-Bolsheretsk.[13]. with MG-519 Afra also upgraded to MG-519EM.2 Project 636 units 3 Specifications 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References Operators The first submarine entered service in the Soviet Navy in 1980.7 knots Submerged: 400 miles at 3 knots Full run: 12. There is also a more advanced version. B-459 Vladikavkaz.[5][6][7] India . which includes a mine detection and avoidance sonar MG-519 Arfa (with NATO reporting name Mouse Roar).[10] Iran .[4] People's Republic of China . Original Project 877 boats are equipped with Rubikon MGK-400 sonar system (with NATO reporting name Shark Gill). which results in a reduction and distortion of the return signal.[2] Contents • • • • • • 1 Operators 2 Possible operators o 2. B-464 Ust'-Kamchatsk. which began sea trials in 2005. [3] So far. Newer Project 636 boats are equipped with improved MGK-400EM. and the class remains in use with the Russian navy. The boats are mainly intended for anti-shipping and anti-submarine operations in relatively shallow waters.designated as the Sindhughosh class. B-800 Kaluga. 17 vessels are believed to still be in active service with the Russian Navy. B-345.[8][9] Poland . Anechoic tiles are fitted on casings and fins to absorb the sonar sound waves of active sonar.

Delfinul II ania 801 ) India S55 Sindhugosh Russi B.02.09.198 29. modernized to project 08773 in 2002-2005 decommissione d and sold for Saint 29.05.1983 30.02.05.tender for 2 new diesel subs ongoing[15] [edit] Project 877 units Operato # r a a a a a a a a Russi B248 Russi B260 Russi B227 Russi B229 Russi B404 Russi B401 Russi B402 Russi B405 Project 877 .198 877EKM 25.198 Vyborg k na 877 2 2 Amure Komsoloľs 23.04. [14] [edit] Possible operators • • • • • • India .12.1983 30.2 bln Libya .11.12.1980 30.12.198 16.08.Tehran likely to buy more submarines Venezuela .1984 NF PF BF Status in reserve active as of 2010 active as of 2010 in reserve in reserve active as of 2010 active as of NF 2010 decommissione d and sold for scrap in 2007 active as of 2010 291 (ex Pola B.07.02.198 24.1985 5 5 a .1983 30.considering purchase of 1-2 Russian built subs Indonesia .198 x k na 877 3 3 Amure Komsoloľs 07.x 470 1985 Nizhniy 877E Novgorod 1984 1985 1985 unknown (in reserve from 1995) active as of 2010. contract signed in 2010.198 Vologda 877 Novgorod 3 4 (ex Komsoloľs 20.1984 30.198 Chita k na 877 1 1 Amure Komsoloľs 23.10.07.198 15.198 15.• Vietnam .198 21.09.1984 30.tender for 6 new diesel subs ongoing Iran .198 27.1981 23.1985 Petersburg 3 5 Komsoloľs 877 k na 06.08.03.198 Novosibirsk 877 Novgorod 2 4 Nizhniy 24.likely to buy 4 Project 636 Kilo diesel subs for about $1.likely to buy 6 new Russian built subs Egypt .09.02.198 x k na 877 0 0 Amure Komsoloľs 22.198 12.198 30.05.12.6 Improved Kilo on order.09.significant dates Laid Launche Name Shipyard Project down d Komsoloľs 16.03.09.Orzel nd 351 ) 581 (ex Rom B.12.198 29.198 23.10.198 Tyumenskiy k na 877 4 4 Komsomolets) Amure Nizhniy 877E Novgorod 1984 1985 Commissione Flee d t 31.09.12.08. production of one per year.198 x k na 877 3 3 Amure Nizhniy 06.

01. status in 2010 unknown active as of 2010.1986 Novgorod 4 6 Saint 01.10.11.1986 scrap in 2007 active as of BF 2009.03.198 877EKM 25. status in 2010 unknown in reserve active as of 2010.1987 Petersburg 7 7 21.11.198 30.198 30.05.198 30.198 877EKM 25.09.1988 Petersburg 8 8 Nizhniy 877 Novgorod Komsoloľs k na 877 Amure 29.12.198 16.01.198 23.198 877EKM 25.198 30.04.10.04.198 27.198 13.1988 8 8 a a a Nizhniy 877LPM 05. modernized to project 08773 in 2001-2003 active as of 2010.09.07.1989 Petersburg 9 9 Komsoloľs k na 877 Amure 26.05.Ust'464 Kamchatsk .04.09.09.09.12.12. modernized to project 08773 in 1999-2001 in reserve in 2006.07.07. modernized to project 08773 in 1999-2001 active as of NF 2010 unknown (in PF reserve from 2007 or active) NF active as of 2010 in modernization to project 08773 from 2007 PF in reserve from 2007 Russi Bx 439 04.08.12.198 30.198 877EKM 30.198 877EKM 29.08.03.1990 9 9 a Russi B.1986 Petersburg 6 6 Nizhniy 877EKM 1985 Novgorod Komsoloľs k na 877 Amure 1986 29.10.198 26.11. modernized to project 08773 in 1997-1999 unknown (in PF reserve from 2007 or active) active as of 2010.1986 6 6 India S57 Sindhuraj Nizhniy 877EKM 1986 Novgorod Nizhniy 877EKM 1986 Novgorod 1987 02.198 03.198 27.198 07.04.198 31.198 26.09.05.04.Amure a Russi Bx 806 India S56 Sindhudhvaj Alge ria a 012 Rais Hadi Mubarek Nizhniy 15.1988 6 8 15.08. status in 2010 unknown active as of 2010 active as of 2007.1988 India S60 Sindhukesari Russi BYaroslavl 808 (ex Russi BKomsomolsk 394 Tadjikistana) Kaluga (ex Russi BVologodskij 800 komsomolets) India S61 Sindhukirti Saint 20.1987 Alge ria 013 Rais Hadi Slimane 1987 25.198 30.1989 Novgorod B 7 9 Saint 05.09.198 30.1988 7 7 a Svyatoi Komsoloľs Russi BNikolai k na 877 445 Chudotvorets Amure India S59 Sindhuratna Nizhniy 877EKM 1987 Novgorod 1988 14.09.04.1987 India S58 Sindhuvir Saint 15.

199 04.199 877EKM 25.04.07.199 30.12.10.199 30.05.199 26.12.12.1994 le's Yuan Zhend 364 Republic 64 Hao of China Peop le's Yuan Zhend 365 Republic 65 Hao of China Nizhniy 877EKM ??? Novgorod Nizhniy 877EKM ??? Novgorod 1995 14.1995 Iran 903 Yunes Saint 05.199 25.12.10. modernized to project 08773 in 2005-2007 active as of BSF 2010 active as of NF 2010 unknown (in PF reserve from 2008 or active) unknown (probably in modernization to project 08773 from 2006) PF NF PF in reserve from 2007 active as of 2010 active as of 2010 unknown (probably in modernization to project 08773 from 2006) PF active as of 2010 active as of 2007 active as of 2007 unknown (probably in modernization to project 08773 from 2006) in modernization a a a Russi Bx 187 Russi B177 Russi B190 Komsoloľs k na 877 Amure Nizhniy Lipetsk 877 Novgorod Komsoloľs Krasnokamens k na 877 k Amure 07.199 27.1992 2 2 Iran 902 Noor Saint 30.01.199 30.199 877EKM 02.199 02.1990 Petersburg 0 0 Nizhniy 877V Novgorod Nizhniy 877 Novgorod Komsoloľs k na 877 Amure 17.02.02.05.04.12.04.1992 Petersburg 2 2 Komsoloľs k na 877 Amure a Russi BMogocha 345 Peop 22.1989 30.199 30.199 25.04.11.199 30.05.1991 1 1 03.199 877EKM 31.198 22.10.1991 Petersburg 1 1 unknown (in NF reserve from 2008 or active) active as of 2010.1990 0 0 a a a Iran 901 Tareg Saint 05.11.a Russi BVledikavkaz 459 Nizhniy 877 Novgorod 25.199 22.10.07.1990 8 26.10.06.04.09.02.1991 9 1 08.09.199 05.199 16.199 06.09.198 09.199 877EKM 27.1997 Petersburg 5 7 .199 12.198 27.12.1990 8 0 05.1990 8 0 India S62 Sindhuvijay Russi BAlrosa 871 Russi BMagnitogorsk 471 Russi B.07.1994 3 3 1994 10.09.12.10.198 29.Ust'494 Bolsheretsk Saint 06.12.09.1996 Petersburg 2 4 India S63 Sindhurakshak Saint 877EKM 16.199 30.08.05.10.

11.1997 18.12.2011 636M 25.2014 pl.2010 work is planned for approximately 2 years [16] active as of 2010 Project 636 units Operator People' s Republic of China People' s Republic of China People' s Republic of China People' s Republic of China People' s Republic of China People' s Republic of China People' s Republic of China People' s Republic of China People' s Republic of China People' s Republic of China # 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 Name Project 636 .2005 74 Hao Yuan Zhend Severodvinsk 636M 29.12.3 636.1998 active as of 2006 active as of 2006 active as of 2006 active as of 2006 active as of 2006 active as of 2006 active as of 2006 active as of 2007 active as of 2006 active as of 2006 active active BSF laid down BSF ordered BSF ordered [18] Yuan Zhend Saint 66 Hao Petersburg Yuan Zhend Saint 67 Hao Petersburg Yuan Zhend Saint 68 Hao Petersburg Yuan Zhend Saint 69 Hao Petersburg Yuan Zhend Saint 70 Hao Petersburg Yuan Zhend Saint 71 Hao Petersburg Yuan Zhend Saint 72 Hao Petersburg Yuan Zhend Nizhniy 73 Hao Novgorod 636M 18.05.10.3 20.05.10.04.04.05.2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2006 08.2002 19.08.2009 pl.07.2004 20.India S64 Sindhushastra Saint 12.07.2005 30.10.08.08.2003 14.2005 75 Hao 636M 2006 636M 2007 636.1997 28.05.08.2005 30.06.2014 pl.199 877EKM 16.2004 2005 636M 2004 636M 2004 636M 2005 636M 07.2010 ordered.08.2010 [17] Saint Petersburg 023 Saint Algeria ??? (?) Petersburg BSaint Russia Novorossiysk 261 Petersburg B-? Saint Russia ??? ?? Petersburg B-? Saint Russia ??? ?? Petersburg Vietna ??? ??? Saint Algeria 022 ??? 20.05.199 14.10.2004 05.3 636.2013[19] pl.1996 26. .2009 09.1997 26.10.1998 25.2004 636M 18.2008 28.2009 29.2005 Yuan Zhend Severodvinsk 636M 29.2011 pl.08.2013 pl.12.08.1992 05.significant dates Shipyard Project Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status 636 636 16.05.08.2003 21.2002 27.2000 Petersburg 8 9 to project 08773 from 09.10.

2015 pl.300-2.2014 pl.000 nautical miles (11. The information below is the smallest and largest number from the available information for all three variants of the ship.400 kW) Maximum depth: 300 meters (240–250 meters operational) Endurance o 400 nautical miles (700 km) at 3 knots (6 km/h) submerged o 6.2017 pl.350 tons surfaced o 3.9 meters o Draft: 6.2016 pl. There are several variants of the Kilo class.2-6.m Vietna m Vietna m Vietna m Vietna m Vietna m ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? Petersburg Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg 636M 636M 636M 636M 636M pl.000 km) at 7 knots (13 km/h) snorkeling (7.500 miles for the Improved Kilo class) .[21] • • • • • • Displacement: o 2.000 tons submerged Dimensions: o Length: 70–74 meters o Beam: 9.000-4.5 meters Maximum speed o 10-12 knots surfaced o 17-25 knots submerged Propulsion: Diesel-electric 5.2018 could have been laid down [20] ordered ordered ordered ordered ordered Specifications Schematic drawing of the Kilo class.900 shp (4.

A total of at least 26 and perhaps as many as 30 were built for the Russian navy. The Kilo is considered to be to be one of the quietest diesel submarines in the world. designated with an 'E' suffix. US$1. or 24 DM-1 mines. The submarine consists of six watertight compartments separated by transverse bulkheads in a pressurised double-hull. This design and the submarine's good reserve buoyancy lead to increased survivability if the submarine is holed. coastal installations and sea lanes. are generally similar though with some reduced features. the 877K that has an improved fire-control system. Today this submarine is a part of 247-th Division of submarines of the Black Sea fleet (2 SSK). and also for general reconnaissance and patrol missions. Export models. The foreplanes are positioned on the upper hull in front of the fin or sail. The command and control systems and fire control systems are located in the main control room which is sealed off from the other compartments.• • • 45 days sea endurance Armament o Air defence: 8 SA-N-8 Gremlin or SA-N-10 Gimlet[22] Surface-to-air missiles (export submarines may not be equipped with air defense weapons) o Six 533 mm torpedo tubes with 18 53-65 ASuW or TEST 71/76 ASW torpedoes or VA-111 Shkval supercavitating "underwater missiles". and actively participates in actions and the doctrines spent on fleet. The Russian fleet operates three variants of the Kilo 877: the basic 877. although 15 of these are the earlier-developed 877EKM and 15 the later 636 versions. and also for general reconnaissance and patrol missions. Crew: 52 Price per unit is US$200–250 million (China paid approx. The Kilo is considered to be to be one of the quietest diesel submarines in the world. even with one compartment and two adjacent ballast tanks flooded. and the 877M that has wire-guided torpedoes from two tubes. The submarine consists of six watertight compartments separated by transverse bulkheads in a pressurised double-hull. Kilo Class Submarines History The Kilo Class (Project 877) submarine was designed for anti-submarine and anti-ship warfare in the protection of naval bases. construction and service of a submarine "ALROSA" of the Black Sea fleet. even with one compartment and two adjacent ballast tanks flooded.5-2 billion for 8 Project 636 Kilo class submarines) o This site is devoted to history of creation. Russian Federation. The submarine has been created on a experimental Project 877V (a diesel-electric submarine with a pump jet propulsion). The Kilo Class (Project 877) submarine was designed for anti-submarine and anti-ship warfare in the protection of naval bases. coastal installations and sea lanes. All the 30 Kilo-class submarines built for service with the Russian Navy are designated Project 877. . The command and control systems and fire control systems are located in the main control room which is sealed off from the other compartments. one of which was subequently exported to Iran. The foreplanes are positioned on the upper hull in front of the fin or sail. This design and the submarine's good reserve buoyancy lead to increased survivability if the submarine is holed.

A total of at least 26 and perhaps as many as 30 were built for the Russian navy. This submarine has improved range. Romania . while others may be built at the . the submarine speed and sea endurance were increased. The Russian fleet operates three variants of the Kilo 877: the basic 877.4. The missiles are part of the latest Klab-S anti-ship missile complex designed by the Novator bureau at Yekaterinburg. firepower.Project 877 The Project 636 design is a generally improved development of the Project 877EKM Kilo class that represents an interim design between the standard 'Kilo' and the new Lada project. with a range of 300 km. the second improved model Project 636 unit. including: India . India took delivery of the first of the two additional Russian-built Kilo class submarines in January 1999. The Project 636 is actively promoted for the world market by the Rosvoorouzhenie state-owned company. In 1999 the Indian Navy took delivery of the Sinduvir. In response to Administration pressure and US sanctions legislation. Two torpedo tubes are designed for firing remote-controlled torpedoes with a very high accuracy. On 17 August 2000 the Sindhushastra began the two month voyage from St Petersburg to India. As of early 1998 construction of the Project 877EKM submarines was nearly completed. and China . The last of four export Kilo-class boats for China. with an additional 7 in reserve.3. Russia went ahead with the first two deliveries despite vigorous US protests. Iran took delivery of a second Russian Kilo-class diesel submarine. The additional length permitted increasing the power of diesel-generators and mounting them on improved shock-absorbing support. are generally similar though with some reduced features. Iran . one of which was subequently exported to Iran. while the noise level was radically decreased. the second Indian sub to have had a refit at Zvezdochka. and the 877M that has wire-guided torpedoes from two tubes.1. was launched on 17 June 1998 and departed the Baltic aboard a heavy-lift ship on 11 December 1998.10. bound for the submarine base at Ning-bo.Diesel-Electric Submarine . Algeria . designated with an 'E' suffix. Russia exported 21 Project 877 and 636 submarines. China is also said to be interested in purchasing several more 636 series submarines. On 04 August 1993. acoustic characteristics and reliability. Russia formally pledged in June 1995 not to enter any new arms contracts with Iran. It takes only 15 seconds to prepare stand-by torpedo tubes for firing: The first salvo is fired within two minutes and the second within five minutes. Visually distinguished by a step on the aft casing. The computer-controlled torpedo system is provided with a quick-loading device. All the 30 Kilo-class submarines built for service with the Russian Navy are designated Project 877. although prior arms contracts could be implemented. The low noise level of the submarine has been achieved with the selection of quiet machinery. In August 2000 the Zvezdochka engineering enterprise at Severodvinsk started the work of servicing and modernizing the Indian series-877EKM submarine Sinduratna. The 877EKM submarine was the last in a series of 10 submarines built at Russian shipyards for Indian customers.1. Poland . Alternatively the torpedo tubes can deploy mines. the first submarine to have been modernized at Severodvinsk. As of early 2000 as many as 14 units were believed to remain active. Owing to these improvements. Export models. and the third arrived 18 January 1996. The Project 636 is equipped with six 533 mm forward torpedo tubes situated in the nose of the submarine and carries eighteen torpedoes with six in the torpedo tubes and twelve stored on the racks. though specific identities are not known.Petersburg for the Indian Navy. and China became the first customer for this submarine. The Sinduratna will be the second Indian submarine to be fitted with four ZM54E1 missiles. vibration and noise isolation and a special anti-acoustic rubber coating applied on the outer hull surface.2. the length of the hull is extended by two frame spacings (2 x 600 mm). All torpedo tubes and their service systems provide effective firing from periscope to operational depths. The submarine can carry 24 mines with two in each of the six tubes and twelve on the racks. with only one submarine left under construction in St. although 15 of these are the earlier-developed 877EKM and 15 the later 636 versions. and reducing twofold the main propulsion shaft speed. the 877K that has an improved firecontrol system. the first Project 636 submarine was launched. one of which is now in an unfinished state at the Krasnoye Sormovo yard in Nizhniy Novgorod. In the spring of 1997.

1 x 5.300 m. 1 x 190 shp Propulsion Economic Motor.10 knots.240 m. • Propulsion: Diesel and Electric Motors. • Endurance: With Snorkel .17. In early June 2002 China was reported to be negotiating with Russia to purchase eight more Kilo-class Project 636 submarines for $1. Draft . Operational . 2 x 102 shp Stand-By Reserve Motor.500 shp Propulsion Motor. .5 m. Submerge .9. Petersburg).9 m.3950 t.17 knots. The contract for the building of the submarines was under competition among the Admiralteiskiye Verfi shipbuilding enterprise (St. Width . Submerged .2 m. • Speed (kts): Surfaced . the Krasnoye Sormovo enterprise (Nizhny Novgorod). Maximum . scheduled for delivery over the following five years. the works in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. • Dimensions (m): Length . . 2 x 1000 kW Diesel Generators.2 m. and the Sevmash association (Severnaya Dvina).Full Lload Submerged . Kilo Class Submarine "ALROSA" • Displacement (tons): . Two 120-cell Storage Batteries.Surfaced .6000 miles at 7 knots. 1 Pump Jet Propulsion.5 billion.400 miles at 3 knots.76.2300 t.6..Admiralteyskiye Verfi [Admiralty Shipyards] in St Petersburg. • Diving depth (m): Periscope .

an updated Project 636 version. However. two nuclear submarines remained under construction at the facility.7 x 3. Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard The Krasnoye Sormovo Shipyard was founded in 1849. In May 2002. and Schuka (NATO name Victor I.31] An Akula SSN (the K-295 or Drakon). as well as Varshavyanka-class diesel submarines. However. reportedly saying that strategic exports should be made by state.[24. 18 Torpedoes or 24 Mines. The two submarines are Project 971 Shchuka-B (NATO name Akula II) class submarines.• Armament: 6 x 533mm Torpedo Tubes. Krasnoye Sormovo received a contract for the construction of yet one more Varshavyanka. and Victor III) SSNs.[32] During President Vladimir Putin's October 1999 visit to the facility (when Putin was still in the post of prime minister). the decision that one submarine would be completed and the other used for spare parts in Severodvinsk was announced. It built the Soviet Union's second. Victor II. Amurskiy Zavod was to build two of these vessels. retained its contract for one of the Chinese Kilos. President Boris Yeltsin announced the termination of nuclear submarine construction at Amurskiy Zavod and the consolidation of future nuclear submarine production at the Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk.[24] In 1994. located in Komsomolsk-na-Amure. CURRENT RUSSIAN SUBMARINE EXPORT CLASSES: Project 877K/877M/636 Varshavyanka (NATO Name Kilo) Piranya class midget submarine Displacement. for China. The shipyard has had less success obtaining new contracts for the construction of Kilo-class submarines for export. Amurskiy Zavod built only smaller SSBNs—Project 667A Navaga (NATO name Yankee) and Project 667B Murena (NATO name Delta I). began operations in 1957. the yard has constructed three Kilos for China. Krasnoye Sormovo.5 x 15.27] Since that time. Because the shallow waters of the Amur River prevented the launching of large vessels. 8 Igla (SA-N-10 Gimlet) Missiles. not private. in June of that year the Russian Shipbuilding Agency transferred the contract to Sevmash instead. Khabarovsk territory. [30. [16.[32] Despite the presidential order.4 x 12. tons: 218. a private yard.[29] Amurskiy Zavod The Amurskiy Sudostroitelnyy Zavod. • Crew (prs): 52 (12 officers). Meanwhile.[33] As of August 2005. was the last nuclear submarine released from the Komsomolsk-na-Amure plant. in the Russian Far East.and third-generation Project 670 Skat and Chayka (NATO name Charlie I and Charlie II) SSGNs. Russia's export agency (Rosoboroneksport) signed a contract for the sale of eight Kilos to China. reports continued to surface that India would lease the first Akula II completed at Amurskiy Shipyard (discussed above). Initially. shipyards. in addition to Project 641 Som (NATO name Tango) and Varshavyanka diesel submarines. Project 671 Ersh.2 x 4.31] In November 1992.30. and Project 945 Barrakuda (NATO name Sierra) SSNs. submerged Dimensions. there are no reports that the latter has been dismantled or parts shipped to the northern yard. SSNs—Project 971 Shchuka B (NATO name Akula) and Project 671 Ersh and Shchuka (NATO name Victor I and III).[16] The shipyard produced a total of 56 submarines from 1960 to 1996. ft (m): 92. Semga. completed at Bolshoy Kamen's Vostok Plant (Primorskiy Kray) in 1995.[28] In 2002. however.8 (28.9) . the shipyard was privatized.

one 60 kW direct current motor 8 surfaced .7 submerged 1. surfaced . miles: Complement: Endurance: Weapons: One 160 MW diesel generator. ft (m):650 (200) Two containers for the transport of diving units and two mine units or two lattices for Latush torpedoes .Main machinery: Speed.000 at 4 knots. submerged 3 officers and group of 6 divers 10 days Diving depth.260 at 4 knots.6. knots: Range.

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