SllOW-Sw' pt Ml. Washington in New is a test hangar, lashed te the rocks PI' cables, Inside, for the:' past vera] years, the avyand .e..ir Fetre, together witb rriv<\tc: contractors, have been testing jet engine icihg "ptoblems. 111(2 .llcornranying Air Ferce photos on this page ,give [In idea of the rigorous [ob requireJ Ip conduct th~ project ulLring winter months "when ice and ubzero temperatures are standard. AI] methods of travel from crampons to snow weasels and, in early fall, [eeps, are used t rt tilt> hen y equipment and per onnel up Lo the 6,300-(oot summit. $ir1(c il is impossible to study i illS 011 the intakes of jet engines whI1~ a plane is flylng. artif Tal kinf,1 is produ ed in the hangar. Various el1ghle Ilnd comp0nellt rurt~ undergo rigorQus tests,

A . Hampshire









MAY 1'950

No. 305

takeoff run G.Jf 20 a triurnph greater than

XP~Y~l patrol plane first

for the crew. rate ef climb is 1.40'0 fpm. sound-peoofed for crew com-

Navy's off San W lifn:d itselfseconds; Diego BayinApril

1B after a

times. The 111,;111 divided into. 15 watertight comis partments. Bulkheads extend to the flooe only, leaviogcol1.lparbnents

its 30 min. rhe Me marked the Highr of a new plane


It vindicated the Navy in keeping 'alive in America


the turboprop
turbine With a


engine, sometimes called the geared

The 6Q-t:on plane is t.ap<tble of a; speed in excess of ·35D mph and can leave the water ill less than 30 seconds, It can 'climb iaitiaJl)t at 2.3Gb fpm. W·ith one
engine shut down the


migMy roar, the four contra-rotating propellers, absorbing 22.000 horsepower, kicked up a spray and sang the song of aviation's neatest, smallest power package hitched to a propeller. Specifically" the plane was designed tb operate in forward areas, with an Ll-man crew, from bays· and lakes. Convair, with years of seaplane knowhow tll!ough the

Range is in excess of 3,000 miles. The power loading is greater than some modern fighters,
All totn:parlments

fort, and bunks are provided lor the Cfew ·wh'en operating away fro.tn base for extended periods.
seaech and ccunteemeasures equipment in -addition ro ASW equipment. More mines and bombs: by weight can be carried than a B·29. .A. distinctive feature is the trim tab .arrangemel'l~ in the cockpit. Go the pedestal between the pilot and copilot isa mjn iature plane. By moving it in the desired direction she conrrol surfaces can be erimrned. Now tRat tbe xP5Y has flown Cdr, Bob Thorburn and LCdJ:. Bill King, project officers dur.ingrhe 3 V2 years die plane was abuilding, can relax a little. Now here is the story of Navy turboprops.

PiY. thePBY,

combined all its talent in producing a radjcally·dj£· ierent seaplane, This, plus the Allison XT-40-A-4 .sas turbine, makes the plane rile fastest of its I:ype. A cruiser ho\v, a V-sbaped bottom, 00 ked and a length-beam ratio of to to 1. were fabricated to
withstand .high seas and rugged water conditions. Hull characteristics were tested. with one-tenth scale models which were catapulted. hundreds of


the PB2Y,



heavy defensive


It also bas








f1iS fOUR










rr on




development of turbojets before the war, it soon 00 ious that these gas turbines could be so as to do work outside the turbine itself. Thus we finJ that the ddinit]On of a turboprop is an engine in which the tutbw.c Is genr<:J to drive a propclJt(. Contributions by the Navy i~ the development of turhine, power were indirect during the war. It was aimed at directtog the energfcS of development organ Lzlltions to the type' ,10<1 sizes of engiaes w h jeh (lOLIll<! be L.i~ed j n Nnvy ai r'"'rttft, Result« of these pro;er~s were furnished engine manufilc,:tu rers, A basic l:'oOCc1'l of Navy design was for .1l slim airplane where fighte'rs find other carrier aircraft were coacerned, Thus the axial How compressor Iurboprop was 11 natural. This diJf<:tcu with British ideas wh1ch favored the cerrlrif uguJ flow type of compressor with large diameter. Not all developmeu t 'Work is on the high power 11ircrafl gas turbines. There is another application. for this type pOWN plan:[ in furnislljng .1uxlJiliry electric power in aircraft. The relatively high output for light Wt.:':ight makes it 'ideo! for this Pllfl"ost. As early as J 939 the NavY' considered that it had little tacLicru need for a pure jet because of the nigh power needed for carrier takeoffs 1I11J' approaches [or carder landings, To lake care of the:s:e deficienrie«, however, the turboprop afl' peered to be the answer, Accordingly, Norl1m~p was

W geared

uwardetla CQ'l~racl in 1941 to develop a geared 81tS lurbine, Previously the Navy had asked a committee on ~a.~ tULbines ef the N;ttional Academy Glf Sciences to make recom?)en~dtjon$ recgardlng ~t possibilitjc' ~[ ~sirt_ggas turbil~es: I.ll,'1.Jftra rf. The rnmm: rree, whose rruun In rerest was sh [I"board gas turbines, sailL of the aircraft field hal it would take I ~ to I lbs, of wdsllt PCI' hot erower developed. ~jx known scientist's. T went so far assWllecl hy"The (lMionailyinternal rornbustion to say,

engine equil~menr user! in airplanes \\'ciJ.!h l.J pounds ptr horsepower, and to approach that fl 'me with a ga~ turbine seems beyond !hl< realm cf possibility with existing rnaterisls,' Sbortly after this report it Mb round thllt turboprops would wei_gl~ on lhe order Y2 pound pel" horsepower, whirh is the fa.;ie with engines opt'fllting today. Willi tbe: nation's drod lll:il'lg expcOlled in flghting the war, the period 194 L -45 prod uced few concrete results in the gas tul'bint' program. It was neres til')' to suppl)' already developed ait(IaJ\ in great numblu~ arid little of the engi. tlllCfif'lg taletltroul,d be spared (or new development work. Northrop's project ('('Intjr\UI:U ,until June of J 945 when the Turbodyne wbieb had been l1:oflstru(.ted WM wrecked in a test run. Tb C?ontr-a£'t a terminated shortly thereafter, w but Northrop col1tinutt:d ill the field arne time: thereafter with an Air rOIC'e project, the pusher Turbodyne Xl'-~7. which was dropped when that en i(t: decided not to install


















By L9'13 the Navy was interested in -getting dcsiSIl studies underway on gt"llied gas turbines. A proposal was received from Westinghouse Electric- and Manufa turing omplUlY Ior 11 turbine driving a high speed cont-ra-rotating propeller to be rated at 3,000 hp ilt sea level. A contrarf w 11'l in March Q_f 1944. We:stingllOuse pioneered axial Aow turbines in this country start-ing in 1941. A completed engine first ran in May, 1943 Their turbojets. now pOWtt the Phantol11 and Bsnsbee. o~ the pr.illcipal CO!l~:ractOfS. ~~lO h~d understudies- was Nilson: Divisinn 01 General Motor.:; Corporation. In Nov-ember 1~M4. this cOlnpnny proposed a power plant of two unils, mounted in. paI~lel and driving a common reduction gear. Who.{ JinalLy evolved .. as the present XT-40 engine, now powering the Convair v XP5Y-1 tIying- boat. This combin-ation delivers "i,500 equivalent horsepower at present. (Equivalent horsepower is the sum of shaft horsepower and jet thrust converted to horsepower.) The }'"T'4D £oJlow-cd the Navy's philosophy of axial flow turbojets and turboprops who e capabilities for higber po~e_r are greater th-an the centrifllgal flow engines. Most high power engines I'IO~ being developed are axial flow. It is. interesting to nere the comment of " ten-ycar history of air aft power plants written by the Bureau of Aeronaurics in 1945. It stared, "The Nnvy has long recognized that the propeller type gas tuebine promi: es to be probably iL more USeful all round po",er plant than the imple turbojet, ar least for the majority ot na¥~I. aircraft- applications. However, even the simplest propeller drive 8as turhines are co_nsiderably mere romplicared and more difficul: to develop, Thus the- Navy bas concentrated until recently its immediate developments on the tU1'~ojct.eogine_ It is 'lO~dpated t~at all of the lessons learned In rh•. development will be ap,pilecl to the propeller gas turbine," ThE Chrysler orpocation ''''!lS in, on early ,di:u:~siolL'; regarding turboprops. Its prQPQ~31 was unique in that the engine would we a regenerative cycle, 11eat.il1g 'ompressor discharge air with exhaust . ases, This would save fuel at militli-'1' and cruise powen. Engine weight would be lnCle'.1sed. however. Postwar rutbttcks stopped Ithis projcGf. An old reciprocating engine manufacturer; pruU 9.nd Whitney, is also in WI: turbojet and turboprop field. The compa.ny recently ancounoed a turbojet- of 6,2 0 pound, thrust dry without afterburner, the J--411. It has also been developing a turboprop, started in 1945, which has run .IS -a unit

turboprops in th~ Flyirlg NOrthrop



.£\. taken design












-"the gea.redturbine field. There is to regflfller:l.tive conligurations explcrcd Min previcu 1y mentioned. Then rermin isthe befree riJ;lol1_ cycle as there (he
Y OLFP Ell. EN 'I'

e;<panJed gil:Se~,!,'li> r= turbine bbdes ~ !lien in· tum operate a propeller. Compared wilh the 1.1 pounds fler horsepower of the re ipro 'ating engine the turboprop's Y2 pound per horsepower offers l{ great aving in weight. [lor instance, he XT'''O Allison engine develops "). 00 horsepower with a weight ofa little over 2,'500 pounds, 111(ltd mnsurrrptlen, t'h~ turboprop at sea level uses .6~ pound of fuel per horsepower per hour as . ompsred with the. '}Q pounds 01 an R·lSOO reciproratin enBil e operating at cruise conditions, Gas turbines operate at npproxlI'Ilatcfy 9091 of normal rated power since maximum efuLriency j obtained at takeoff powers. With i.ncreas-ing altitude, however, the- redprocating engine bas to operate at inc-reasing percentage of available pnwer and thus becomes-less efficient. A turboprop affords 11 cleaner installation in the. plane. likewise it has no cooling problems at all altitudes. It needno ietereoolers as on a reciprocating engine employing blowers. The nacelle in which it is housed is pm.eil thin. This may save on structural weight, and is possible because the turboprop orerate without vibr'a:tion. The XT-4lJ engine used in the XP5Y ha a multiple stage compressor and a four rage turbine rotor. For easy in.pectien the upper h:tlve of' the J10U ing are .removablc. 'there arc provisions for de-icing around the air inlets. Ac· cessories of the engiflt' am be mounted in various locations depending on plane design. The wedding of the XT'40 engine ith the ;olP.sY repIe· tents a major step forward in aircraft and power plants. The turboprop promises to be the big plane propulsive system for some rime to come \ hile the new hull design of theXP5Y will enable it rooperate under much more rugged ~onJ iL iol'1s,

compres or gil' turbine in which pistons not attached to a s.haft operate COmpr€5S0rS direc.tly. their exhaust rr!;lnl both the Durning and o.ll'lpressor sections (eeding- Inro 1\ manlfold where fuel is introduced. piped to and operate the turbine, Another reheat cycle arrangement would have 11 separate compressor. combustorturbine feeding into a combustion chamber aroand a Shaft, burning ilgain and operating a .turbine _seared (1) a propeller. Now that turboprops are coming into their own: many questions are bound to be asked regarciins; their characteristics and what makes them tick. Howdo they operate? How do they compare wilb I'eciprociltiog and turbojet engines _ By definition the turboprop compu::.s5c,S .air, mixes: it with fuel. bUt!l'5 the mixture In a comb\lstidn chamber; then the-

This burned and greatly expanded mixture would be








has high power output at high speeds. It is ideal for fighter types" but is a hog on fuel, In contrast, clIt' turboprop combines that power with fuel


In it recect speech before the Institute of Aeronautics] Sciences in New York, Mtlm. C. M. Bolster, Ass Istall t Ch ief 0! thr: Bureau of Aeronautics Jor Research told of nliVr' propeUcr possibilities in connection with tllrb'0pniJP engines. He stated tllal even at a mach number of .8 - to 1.tW ,IL 40,000 fed, the turboprop could compete with the tut.bojel ir t-he propulsilre efficiency of the propdl~ris equal to or f"rreater than about 70o/q. He implied that such a. propeUer is possible and is being investigated by NACA. the NM')' atld the Air Force. When cruising at lower speeds, in general, the ptO} ulsive ef!iciency of ehe ttl.!:bojel decrease> while that of the turboAdrn. BoI rer also mentioned the Nil y's developrneat of the six blilded dual rptation l'fopeJJer and stated that fin eight-blade propeUcr IS in the making. "The Na,'y's .great interest in complete ","plorali n of the petenrialitie of the turbo-propeller combination, in addition to th.r! hoped for fuel economies, sterns naeurally from OUf operating requirements-the 11~gh th!'U$t necessary for seaplanes and carrier-based aircraft during takeoff, good low alt·ituue p_e~f0rmimce and good overall performance Ilt all operating altitsdes," he said. From the pilot's and engineer's ~tanJpoint, the opt!ration of a turboprop IS radically different. First of all, tile engine runs aL a nel1dy ecnsranr rpm. In the elise of the X,'40, the engine rpm v..des from 12, 00 at idle to 1 300 at tak~off. Power to the propellers 1:> varied through fuel Row. With II (Oflsta~'t power output, the propeller' '''3.'1' their pitch with airspeed. Here a n.atura I question pops into the mInd of rhe pilot

prop Increases.

who h(!S operated reciprocating (;:ngiIlt;S only, What becomes of the fuel burned at idle setting -and the eHergy it represents? As. ill the turbojet, the PQwer output can be controlled Over a limited mngt·, but at the minimum level it is srill a substantial figure. How then om the rpm remain coustaur and the plune remain till on till' ground or water? The answer is that some of the t:'ne~gy is represented in thrust, and to .rernain slil] the plane must actually be in reverse pitch. III liat pitch, there would be pr pulsion from tile jet effecL With a twin turboprop installation the pilot and engineer are proeected r rom the re-sults of operating a power plantwhich Indicates d:am~ge, One unlt can be but down rather than Opfrahng it improperly, Simplicit}' of operation is fundamental. There -lire' fewer control than on reciprot~tiog enginesund fewer instruments for checking ruurung rendition . Doth positive and negative thrust an: available. This is accomplished by ll- smgle lever, avoiding the possible rnisis aw,\y from

takes-with a more complicated instullatien.
he gadget

airplane, easing

the pilot

Thus the trend


f~r an engine lass indicaretl that i~ t'\viri power unit would be the ideal design. The major advantage of this arrangemertt is the HeocibHity it permits in cruise (COnditions. After takeoff, Uu: turboprop plane with a full load. can Ry at one altitude Jlld. reduce its cruise power in one-eighth in" ernents t-o a final value of one-half, in it four-engined ship. A lurbojet, on the other hand, htl. to be 80l,'m at increasing altitudes <I fuel and bomb Load are 1) 'cd up. Other <ld-vantagr:s of ,t twin arrange-ment IU'C that the C0[JlronI'm parts of the engine rernain S:tTIllU, and failuJ:eof one unit does not result in complete f;dlure of that engine. Auto-

engine, initjru I rn the f..~$e of rOIO.OOO-horsepower "),000




11$ DEBUT A5




BY !llSfOl




the Atlantic,

in testing in that less am air is needed in running one unit. Then too, one unit is available as a separate, smaller power packa,g~ for other installations, Starting equipment can be one-half as powerful. Continuing development all the XT-4f) is aimed at increasing tll~ hotsepower avaaabl~ as was the rase with many l'o('iptoGlting engines. Allison's development of the J-3~ and J-:l5 turbojet engines led the way to the X'f-,4Q. Rem~t~ reduction gear Lng as used in the XT-40 i an oif::[hoot -of the arrangement used with the Allison V-17I0 insrallation in the Bell ,p~J'Iand p"(r.J planes of World War IJ where the liquid cooled engine was IYchirid the pIlot and a long shaft r-an to the propeller gear box, While the Navi' keel prop-turbines alive on this side o(
the British

marie declut<::hing cuts out the failed unit. There is economy

have made many


a.pplica~ could be converred as well as the Boeing





ion. The B'ristoJ Braha:;(J11 is (1 tran port which is to be powered by eight Pi'qtcf(J turbines coupled [0 four contrarotating propellers. The upcoming Priueess flying boa( will have six sets of propellers powered by ten turbines. The RQyaJ avy has an ASW carrier plane, the Fairey 17, powered by Iwin coaxial turbines coupled to It propeller. The power plant is the Annstrong-Siddde.y lJollhle ,WiJ1i!ba. Another large t-.ransp0l't is the Apol/o, carrying four single Mall~,baJ. The Vickers JJiJCOM~t is, another rnrboptop plane. Commercial application. of the turbojet in this COlUltry b.as been low. With the release of the XT-.:lrl" Allison has purchased a Convair riner

the Lockheed COlIsft>llati(w The Navy's first turboprop plane WlJ.$ the XF;<R-l. product of the Ryan company. This carrier fighter carried II General Electric 'TO-1OQ turboprop in its nose and a jet engine, the 1-16, in the tail. When the Air Force dropped Its support of the T6'lOO program, the Navy never went into production. An Ai, Force plane, the X.P~i\l. similar in 110wer plant design to the XF2.R, was built by onvair, bot was likewise discontinued. According to Convair, the XP-81 Was the world's firs·t to fly with a gas turbine engine designed for propeller dri~. It flew in 1945. Recent news reports slated that the Ajr FO(G:e rrow is interested in turbppcQPs {or its larger planes. They said that the B'JG may be .ctl!')verted to swept wings and turboprops as well as the 'Ffyitig IV »s Also mentioned for conversion to turboprops are the 8-'1-7 Boeing swept wing bomber and the Ih;Z reported to be in. the- mockup stage. With never-ending zeal the engineer of engine com. paniesand the Bureau of AeJ'onautics arc wo~kjng toward 'it bright future fOI the turboprops, the smallest package of efficient propeller power yet developed [or the airplane, This program in tile N-avy is under the direction at RActll'l. A. M. Prlde, Chief of tile Bureau of Aeronautics. In his


power plant and reseaech division are several men wbo have


to install

the T-J8, which


worked hard In keepmg the ~rogr;am alive. Tn rtiseardl work are' IV110 H. Drigg.s, Fellow of the In brute of Aeronaurical SCiences, and . S_ Flledaer; ranking civilian in the Power

the singJf' unit of the twin XT-4{). It would provide 2,750 hp per nacelle, Also in the field Is the pressurized Martin 404 65 of whkh are be-ing bought by TWA and Eastern





ir thatl'h!' pressurized

Power Plants Division, while Cur. F. K. Slason is head of the Experimental Engines Branch. Projert engineer OD the



E. M. Condra

l!i the chief





js R.






UWhat's Wrong?"
Squadron was all set to make his firs't flight in an PG-JO. He had slightly over 500 hours of total time and dllIing the- last three months alone 11 d Hawn 57 hours. He had read and initiated 3.11the safety c1irectives and had been

The pilot of


Orgllnized Reserve

given n tho,ougn cockpit check-out,

"Due to di ranee and altitude, radio coctact could not be made with Maxwell tower, but contact was made with an AP plane who relayed the posit.ion. PoTA and request for a sIandby of all cmcr~CJ equipment. An:lving over Maxwell Fiero pilot requested that it tran cripticn be taken of ill radio transmissions for futwe reference in ca e of

damage to Itlraaf~_

.He taxied out, held near the t'ullWIl}' end for a sufficient length of time: to eomplete his engine run·up and mrk~~i~ Let's Get Some Fish Scales check. Anomer Corsair had just taken Two recent accidents point up the off on the right side of the 400 foot danger of ovedo;tdiag helicopters. Exwid~ runway, lind after a normal interthe loading operations of ftny single toler helicopter. Pilots who have never roll tatted, flown an H03 ·1 for example, wiIl be veer slightly the ruuv,.:ay surprised to know that the allowable travel of the center of gravity .is onJy was applied jlbQut :P/2 inches, H these limits are at !:his .poi or. exceeded: Ion.gitudlnal control i~ seriThe aircraft w-as irborne in a three ously redu ed, point atiit-ude after us iog ab ut 800 feet in ene accident, the excuse for the of runway. It continued in a nose high overloaded condition was that no scales attitude while commencing a: left roll, were a~aiJable to weigh cargo items. '[be roil contiMed without hesitation until t'he plane struck the ground ill an ~ GtdmpaQ' P8aih~',e says: in verted attitude, The COrJail" explcded ~~ 1 don't want- w beat' thaI excuse agam. The folks in the Supply Corps and burned on impact. The pilot was tert me .that the care a standard stQck. killed instantly. typ Investigator probing through the il'lim No. 18·'5·1426, a 'fishenl1an ~pring balance scale flint i just the thrug wreckage found the aileren Uim hili £'01' wilighmg babie9. !;.h, Md small pieces fused in the! 15-degree left wiogdown of cargo. positicn, The elevator trim tabs were II you rotor I'lds are- g!,>ing to operate found unbnrned and fixed in a 19 de- in t·eTIlote a r 'as whelle thet aren't any scales, luI' gl'>8h saICCll. draw ODe of tnese Sfee no e high position. Rudder and "Illy General Stores and C:lln- it rudder tabs were ,J,e.~tJ'oyed beyond in- from along: with you.. \'csti~ation. left side, Shortly after the take-off the plane "'''lIS observed to to the Ieft, Inspection of showed fhat right brake

val this pilot started his take-QR on the

trerne care shouJd be exercised during

"Over the wi ngman's urgings. to make .a wheels-up landing. Lt, (jg) ------elected to attempt a normal landing in an effort ro save the aircraft {rom major damage. It bet of two dollars was then made by wingman that he would not succeed in a no damage landing. The bet was called. "Owing. to all overcast at 4500 feet. the pilot held that altitude and tested the plane foe stability and eontrollability l'Li' tandiog speed with half flaps and wheels down. Complete tanding dH::Ck::-.off procedure W1l5 accomplished before the test as mace, A test stall was not attempted as a recovery would have been doubtful WiUlOut rudder con-

"1t was observed t~t tllt:: plane could be held under sufficient control by Wlp[oying the use of the rudder trim tab. Maxwell tower thenga e pilot permissien to land on runway 18, wind 170 degrees a~ 25 miles per hour. gusty



ven give himself a lighting chance, Full [eft ,.,il"",ol] "".D, 1 ~ees of up al vator tubl You "an'l help wondering wbat Ull~ pilot thought 1:0 the I'a~t fl.lw ccends of rub life, Wh nevee a fellow' flys a plane for the 6,,"t Lune, he. wondees just how- it will Ieel, How rmreh ruddee pressure will be need
to compensate for rorque1 HQW .much runway will be me? How will this plaue camp" ..e widi orie. 10 which fa had grown accustomed? This I.,d wal undoubtedly tblnkilig abullt these things as he taxied out lo{ take-Q:ff. BU(h" had stacked all tbe. cards against


Gnmlp.zw Pettlbone s"ys;
Here's a case where a pilot didn't

How Cool Can We Be
Here's a welcome thange from the daily routine of reading and writing

about accidenes.--c~u.~t' thls



haplJen: "While piloting PG·fI) from avermill fllcility -at NAS JACKSONVILLE to us rn-o detected sparks nnd rnoke in cockpir followed by droppage of .~ghl: rudder pedal to the HfIOr, leaVLo8 pilof with no rtght rudder or Tight brake. This diffioulty 'Was encountered Over the Okefenokee swamp,approximately 150 miles SE of hi destination of Maxwell A.F.B. All indications of fire soon disappeared. so pilot- decided to stay with the plane aod proceed 00 to Max· well fle1d .

"Ronway 14 'was then rCCjue tl"d by pilot 0 as to have a cross-wind fmm the right. which. once on the ground could be orrected for by the lefL rudder that be had available. Fermi Ilion to use runway 14 was, refused, The pilGlt then informed t1H~ rawer tJu:t a landing on runway 18 would be: attempted and must be completed on the first approach, and requested that all ground and air traffic be held dear of the aren as a. wave-off would be impossible owing to his inabiHl}' to (01"-

Louis, Mo" Lt. (j8

reet for torque.


.. he approach was then started from an altitude: of 2 00 teet, straight in and five miles out. A rate of descent was set up that would bring plane over the end of the. runway with II. minimum power changes that would effect the


trim of the plane. "The j!.ppr/.1:u'bspeed used was 110

he (orgot to check his tal\.s. are tbat .his last thought was .$mply "Wh~t'$ wrong?" himself


knots with 20 degrees .Bap and prop set !l~ 220? RP~. This sp~ed, flu? and R.PM setting did not require (uI[ end-


del trim, thereby Jeaving orne trim in reserve. On last mile of the l1pproa h full r(ght rudder trim was rolled in but held off by pressuI.12 00 the left rudder. "A wheel landing was made ,It about 95 knot :lf1dthe (lIane,wa held straight by releasing or addJog left rudder. When the pressure on the left rudder was relaxed, the trim tab applied right rudder as needed, until the plane slowed down 19 a speed at wh iel, the tllb wa ineffective. "The CIII'!,Uf rolled to a SlOp after'USIng about 3500 reel" of a 7000 foot runway. "The pilot lhen called the w ingm:m who was still circling the field and told him to land fork over $2.00. "Inspection of the aircr:aft subsequen! to the iaof:ii'1g revealed that ,ntpropcr routing of the forward battery. cnbJr: caused the:: right hand rudder cable to rob against it. This rubbing wore through the insulation and resulted to the rudder t ble being burned in two ~ il ~onltact-ed the huttery cable,"

sounded barely missed the same- fate. He ran around the starboard side of the same aircmft and crouched under the el1gine nacelle. He luter stated that he was not aware of the tu.rnlng pr~p until the plane Olptllin who was running jllSt behind him was hit.




ThiS' is one of those Limes whl!J1 I'm rempted lu violate a long stnndiog rule UUll" names are ever used in these pages, because t think this pilot dese['Ve~ a Jot (.IJ cr dit fOr (:l""r lhinking and 0001J'I~ la on em rgl!.llC)'.
Maybe he had


Gr..mp<lI¥ PBUJbo. ,...


his nock

lInernpl~ng 11 wh~ls,dowD
right eudd .." deserves brake,

out a littl in lauding with no but he had die !tu.

atiOll doped our correctly -and 1 lbink- he 11causing cheer .in addition to the two dollars he won.

in .an cmer.g"ll.CY. During landing Qperneions aboard .. carrier, the best life Insueance ),Oll cut have is knowledge of where you're going to head in tbe event fa crash. 'rhis me1losi.h:at you've ger 10 be ellueme1y alert. YQII'''~ got t(l gl.",,<;e around lind know what is ~ing on behind you. If you plan 10 jump into a particular "po(" take a look at it ever')' once in .. wbile to nl>lke sure th", some ~ectatlll'1i hav-eD'~ blocked YOUT escape path. In this sort or em!!l'gency. it ill far sa{et> to head for Ihe cnfWalk:i than 10 run fOfwil,rd th'rough p~j'ked ,,;rcralt.


Gtampaw Pettibone .S011! .ILoQk Before You Leap"


chutes were inspected for proper lit; the foLlowing was noted: a. Twelve men had parachutes On upside down. h. Five men had harness on wrong ide out. . There were several cases of harness buckles attached to wrong component. d. Se,'wll harnesse were 0 loose that the men would have f-aUen out of the hacn~ when the chute opened. The secGild phase oI the drill immedia.tely followed the above apd included Itoper instruction on the wearing an Rdjusting of the harness, and proper stowage of the chute pack under the seat, Again the ignul was given to bailout and results were: .1. First man out ill 8 seconds, All personnel Iear of plane in ],0 seconds, b. To. pection of the men revealed U chutes correcLly worn and adjusted
The above was conducted under iJeaJ condltlons of 00 panic. no turbulence and the plane w.as completely stable. It is estimated that to evacuate all peronnei from the rlane in the first phase of the expenment; the ain::raft would have to be ut the unattainable altitude of 50.0_00 feel. In the second CAse an ollrurmry flight altitude of ;iOOO (eet would allow all per onnel to dear the


aircraft safely.

Dedf Grampaw Pettibone,
I lhoughl that you might be ioterest-

ed 10 un experiment wndlJctl;:ci by offiAl II . time of flus accident the cer :lnJ men 0 VR·65) 1 II short while U ... Cordi. e-i'/ was at Bight quarters back. In order to emphasize the imen,gag.ed in rt'l'ovcJ:Jng aircrafl, An expor1:lInce of We staricn order ecncerning perienced plane captain was standing in use of pnrac:hutes in military aircraft, company with two atber flight dctcl: a surprise unrehearsed drill was. concrewznen awaiting the arrival of his ducted, A crew of three plus 27 passigned pl am' which, lLt that time, was sengers, rei ativcly expor ienced i0 £I igbt n:mkin,!! irs final approach to (I li;lnding •. safety because or the nature of their Directly behind the men, another air- dutie as Bight engineer' and orderlies, craft was being moved the last few were ordered into a squadron R40 to fee~ to its ptu:kiJlg spot, .ml1ui"te pr,eptvlltJon for \L rouslne flight. After the ('til, the [.andrnS aircraft bit \'V'hen the men were all seated aod the tit: k wheels fir ·t. bounced into the had fastened their afet), belts, the air and Hew into the harriet. Tbe em h pilot announced. "This i i drill. The alarm was sounded just berate the plane rigbt wing is on ~re_ 'Put on yow: parahit the barrier. lli'ul the men 'scattered -chute and get oul IlS quiekly as possible, for COveL At this instant, the pilot of Get aut." A stop watd1 kept an acruthe aircraft being pa.rked cut his engine ~ate record of the sub equent proceedb}' moving the roi,~tw;e control to the togs. The results of I'he first phase were off poarrien, but the propeller WIl,S still as follows: whiclin' Dwiol_! to inertia. 4, The [list man emerged from the The plane Olptaio drop'ped the ~ie- jump door in 2 minute. 20 ·e€Qods. dOWJ1 lines be was holding and [all h. Fifteen men were dear ill 3 minaround the starboard side of the pa~kcrd utes. 20 seconds. aircraft dil'e.rrly into the ~1'illwhirling r. Twenty- i~ men were out in 4 propeller. DC'.J.th w s ill tantaneou , minute , 20 seconds. ClU5eQ by a compound fracture of the d. One man never solved the intriright side of the head'. A Chief who cacies of the harness and didn't get out, 111&0 ran when the crash alarm wa The men were Iined up and para-

Ran Into Moving Prop

011, bl'Ofherl Imaglnt! w., pnnic that """\.lId have occurred' if i·"l~ bunch had been heed with a :teal emergency_ Three 010 I'Our years ago. I wrote on 3CCUunt 01 an actual emergency in a Beechcraft in which rhe pas (mgers got SO confused and excited thnt Illcy couldn't gel into their chutes. The pilot was baving great dUficulty eouu-olling' tlte wing tv teCl'iJic: ~'ibra do but was helped into hla ha:r.:ne:;$ by






crew member.

At <Iboui :1()OO feet, 1,,,

abel the crewman ~e_re ready 10 j~Pr btu none the passengers had left the plan ....

The pile

in a tough spot. The. terw a , n.Qt suil:<lble for 3_ forced hmding. bllt be had no ..b... nnrive, r He ,md the crew member co •.ddn't jump and



leave three passengees to I hcif fille. He bad to artempt a landing and found dove th.. plane [0 pick up 100 knots, pulled back on the )'Qlce, and tried l;O hit at .abera the .same angle as the lope, Un('Onu-

himself heading


fairly ste"p bill.. He

nalely, the SNB stalled just l>efore impact
and the deceleration tor '111 the sears in ·the pasSl!:Dger compartment leese and rhrew palisengOlnl fOt'W3.1'4 against the bull .. head, Two ·0£ t.be passengers and the cJ'ew memher were I<i::lled. About a year later when the pilot 1I.o! out of the ho,pital. he dropped in 10 t;'lk over the aeeideru, and agreed ~h:u 1r0ltl men on he was never going to take for gl'antedrh"t 'any passenger knew how to get into a harness or buckle On a ehute.




would mst the ta1!:payNs approximately 60 million dollars, Just to modernIze these stOtc:d ~ircra(t would cost 20 million. But from the mlJitazy logistic standpoint, as long as these stored transport .ltirplanes can fly and .oarry a load, they may still be useful rt"lillly yean from IIOW, The "Air Arsenal" at LitChfiel.d Park represents a potential that is well wosth boardiag. The iO'l~ort:-ance pC tbis faciJj-~ would be hard to O"'~Iemphasize.
be 'no fears about the ai reraft- in storage. Bvery pr~c<ltltjon is ttlKe,n to make sure that they ale aCl:ually ready for dLlty. The planesare now On ~he ground, bot the excellence of ,stotage aqQ mail'lt-e-.nllnce would permit, if the need arose, their induction into lmmediate combat duty withoub r urther changes. Thi So Je,w:ee oJ readiness is 11 sust.ain~ng factor in maintaining ~he po. tential strength of the naval aeronautrcal o~ganiza~ion_ Behind every plane in active status IlJ'C scoees of others 'in the War Ready Reserve. This high order of readiness. depends uptlO the eEEdi'llC;Y of ousdoor storage which has in recent yea.rs ~ained .~cce'ptance. Previously it wa~~only tolemtec because the develcpmenr of' materials, processes and equipment left much to be desiml. BuLrne spur of ecooomy ruts in the ddense budget which would cut the shcnglli of naval aviation \it the very time of int:l',eaiiius belligerence abroad made it necessary to resort 1'0. storage rather thah scta:p aircraft StUpius. lnc:vit.1hly the stor"age program at Litchfield Park carne into prominence. Ail'tuft preservation at Lltchfidd Park ['aIls into three categories: orig1nal preservation ,ge-scrt m:i)ntefla nee, and

T':rnR.EOee.d. fate of















winter temperatures, gives (0' aircraft the warXll~ dry proteotion they J;Leed. , With the lowest humidity repQrt'ed In tile United States, 42%, ,md an annual minfaU of only 7,74 inches, it is the idf'ru resort Ior reserve aircraft which mny have to fly again. Located some tS mites $Qu!:hwest of Phoeni», the fadl.ity is rC!lch~\d by U_ S. Highway 80 and Lies near the main line of the Seurhern 'Pa.cific R!lll~oad, Verltable "acres of diamonds,' litchfield Park fa.Gijjt'Y represents -bill ions of taxpayen' JeUars. Here on 5l'lO acres, the Bureau of Aeronautics A:irctaft Storage Program presents a pan0~1Un:a oJ power with its thousands of planes, our "War Re'Jdy Reserve! 'Right after the war, NAF Lll'CHFffiLD P"nK bardy escaped extinctJ?1l at the fuUlds ·of tbat well known gr11ll reapeJ' in blldg'!.'tary circles, F;umnmy. In search of [Ow'FIiced storage, officia.ls gave nest ronsldeiation to the LT A harlgars at South Weymouth,Weeksville. Glyn«'), Houma, Tillamook and Santa filla. But the "ombin:ation (;If high bumidity and

which nv,era.ges -$;14% sunshine aad 68


;>ens" Naval Air ILitchfieldthePark, ..has its placeFacility ill the sun. M Nayfs largest aircra,ft


this area

in Arizona


s:Jt air Willi the wrong thing fOt: inaerive aircraft; and one by one these facilJt1e;s dosed and sent their aircraft to the p:rotectlw eustedy (}f Litchfield. Park. Now the economy which threatened its f'xfstence has compounded the facility into sUch an io,'estm~nt that the most ,eager hatchet man ins~~ding the mLLil:ary bu:dget would IeGognize it. as a "must" for our national secilrity. To the seotimentalist de'pressed by tholl~ands of aircraft ,grounded,the inactivity of Litchfield Park may suggest a graveyard. To the- reali~t. it W a reserve bank, Eepre.eni'i'og trernendnus resources pHec:l up aga.inst ali emergency. The idea that these pL~~ did thfiir part and arc now retired witb no fl;llwe usefulness is so wide 00'f the mark as: to hewntrue. II few types may finally come to the end of their careers in 11 few vears, bUf by and l~ge there is sound basis for the Airorii.ft Stor.age Program, III an ,emergency, these airU!lJt

the Navy Thousands

are mQOey In the bank. One of the primary responsibilities of
is anei-subrnariae warfa:re. of the planes 1lt- Litchfidd
as useful as any others almost

an nl13.1preservation.






that wuld possibly he produced in def:ense agaln5t submarines, since they laCk ,b.rt\y certain equipment. a lack thiit could b.e.quiddy ov~rcome if the' neees5ity arose. Likewise, Io the Plli5uitof offens'ive submarine warfare, these !llrcraftweald be effective for mine-la}linl~ operations and plnpoint bombing of submarine peps and yards. Anv en.emy would find them far from obsolete. The same is true of transnort a;ircraf! new in residence at Litdl6eld Park. tn an emeraenry, the Nary would requite thensands (If airborne transportS'. 'to replace a given number of oar stored trsasports with up-to-date trunsports

Original preservation. consists of processing the air'[rarne, power plants and accessories fer. extended storate. Present
metbods are a compromIse which takes

into Account General







THE Alit









THE f6fi

15 IN






38, NAvAIDl DO-gSA-liOl anti ocher direcrives which have been written. to fill specific needs at Litchfield Park.
ehe original preservation of newly-received aircraft, all iue1 cells are drained and oil-sprayed. PerishURINC

able and pilferable items---clocks, liIe rafrs, first aid kits, batteries, etc.-are removed for inside storage. Radio and radar equipment as well as the pilafs control boxes, switches, and movable centrols ure covered with .suitable rnaterials to' protect them against the ever' present heat and dust. Temperatures of as hjgb 1\50 12 (to F. an:: cornmoo in the abins and fuselage' of stored aircraft, and there are several highs of , )0" F. 011 record. Fnbric-covered utfares, whfch were formedy removed prior to desert storage, are now being proressed with the

al t'aiu:e of the pl:h~ti:C. Finally, the a.ircraft is towed to the stopage area to be moored. Tin; covers are installed, and the shok struts are givel1 a touch-up with protective grease. Desert maintenance Is 'It never-ending
9ue,'it for minor discrepancies must be elimlna;l:'ed. Ddbydrating which

coverings are weH secured since p~olonged chlLO.ng would destroy the eptre-



defleet the sunlight.


they arc returned preservation.

to a state of exi:wcicQ

lires and struts, lnflated ; loose or missing covers, replaced: lind moorlines, checked. There is, in a :ldition, a t]Wl.rterly' maintenance check of earh aircraft. As part of this check, all cylinders are gh.;cn a hot oil spray,anJ
the oil level in the carburetor fuel

are (hanged;


ure enhance the ready" con.fif,,'ul'alion. The of Aeronautics cOllsistently the e aircraft to n1(tjGl' O&R lictivities for mocliucation to keep them from becoming obsolete.

character "combat Bureau 'chedule

UrUNG ~he annual Dperiod, allcorrected torepreservsricn discrepancies of a major

chambers hot-run,

is replenished.

if needed,

urrent planning will ultimately make It possible to clissify all ai tcraft' at Ljti:;hfield Park as "combat ready," The: entire pl.o is a form of insurance .ag<l.in5t co<!;rny aggr:esston. If it becomes necessary to mobrliz.e swiftly. its value will rrove inestimable. Every kind of aircraft will be needed; e,'ery kind 'will The unfajJj~g hard work of Navy men and .clvllian maintenance 'per!>o~nel makes ~h reserve bank of flymg mlght IS a real asset. Howard B. Lee, chief civilian supervisor, who has served seven
yeats be ready,


These surfaces covered with 3 a~xi_ble prote£tive. blanket. Applied with a spray gnn, this material farms a thick ehstic cover which can be '1uickly stripped to ready the aircraft for flight.



maintenance checks, is: sllfficient eo avoid corrosion of power plants itt Libshfield l'ark,but it is doubtful if this period would apply at any location with higher
average humidity conditions.

is proVing that an annual supplemented by' the quarterly

Pilot's canopies gun turrets, windows. ate. are covered with light refle.cting

A!ln~la] rcpre.serv. atien consists of depre~rvlng the power-plaJlt.and urn controls as are needed for its operation.
After the engines have be-en operated,

duty wirh the Navy,

of regular


i 7 years

reserve asset.

is, next to the of the Fleet,"

Litchfield Park fa('iJity rands deliver the goods at once,

A. "Air ArseDai

the faciliry'sgIealesr











2+00 [~.





T L1w man


aviation :-lectrO(lib left the line shack

dleck the radar on all AD-l. )\ few mlnute: larer an elertronics technician I:itlF'pet! in a i~l.g jeep to go out to the plane tmugive him :I hl!-nd with thl;.' job.

either the NEUTRAL He could have done



ra .


As the iet:)" j'luUeJ :tlonprde

co kpit, FIe was pinned between the (.\n0rY and th windshield with his right arm outside the cockpit. Hi Ilea. ~ which was facing forward and his left arm, to his shoulder,

ar ,1pploximatdy L32tt AI.~. Was eb erved to be dtillgl in.,g from lhe rigll t

,lc6dentaJly meved lhl: control, In either case, he failed to get entirely clear, of the cockpit and was strangled. The s{;co,ocl p0s~ihlljty is that the c!lnopy was closed when he a.rth'e'j ,11 the plane. If this is true, the enclo ure onrrol must have been if) the CLOSED or NEUTRAL position; otherwise the same pressure whieh ~ IbseqUtflU crushed him would have opened tJ1C canory. With pressllle on ~he system, be could have opened the CUf\Ory by pulling the external ten losurc by-pRS:> conttol and sliding t1u:

or the way be(on"it

or OPEN to the CLOSED position, t.h i inrentiol't lly with the idea of

closed. or be cculd


canepy optn mom] ally, u

were inside- the cockpit. The marely eight inches.

C'Jn '5-


opeo approxifee:r were abour four

inr:iLldrog adrenalin und corarnine were adrninAt t'100 the doctors III attendance diagnosed thal death had occurred lit ub(:Jut LBO. Innsmuch v the nlJn who was killed Wi1$ alone at the
istered. time of sequence

ill ·hl'. from the wing. The conopy pressure was released ..nd the injured man , as lowered to the ground, He was uncoasckHlli. and his Iace wa observed to be purple. Artificial respiration WM rnrnmenred immediately and the Jisptosary Was notified to send all ambulance to the S .enc of the -a(Jcidenl. At 13 ~5 was transferred to the dispensary and artificral respiration J.ndltding 11 resuscitator with QlI."ygt;.(\ was continued for more than 11M hour. Dutillg this perlcd

position. In the ratter case the circumstances weuld be the arne tI..1I: exisle1:l when the cnnopy W~5 k{( opel1~ .ex"ept that s011'le of the pre sure Iii the accumulator would have been dissipated during two mQ.v$11t::l)ts of tile Cll.l"l0PY. With the above fact. in mind, it j~ evident tl1a[ this rnaa met his death in one of three war": l . He hlUnd ttH, tanopy open, (fll'l.1f1leted his work, er for some reasoa decidt'ci to close it by moving the enclosure corurcl inside the cockpi!- to the dosed pc:sition. The canopy take several se onds to clo e. bLlt he did not 1. He found the ('.lIlCpy closed, opened it by pulhng the l::l ternai by·pas~ valve. noticed that it Irnmediarely started to dose 'again, and tt(tempt'cd to reach across the CQci..')'l,iL and turn the enclosure to OPEN He didn't make it. 3. 'the canopy control was originllUy in the neutnd position" While $htl,'ldin~ on the right wins of lhe plane and lleaning into the c:uckpit, he llccidentillly.moved the Cl1l0rY enclosure control (located on the opposite side the arr-

However, this centrol [1> spring loaded arul u,,: canopy would have started to dose iJ.S soon us he let go of jt~ unless, IOf (DUrSt, the control in the cockpit WIlS in the neutral



the accident. It IS unpossible to kt1o:;>;1 the exact 01 evems which led. to his being crushed. However, it IS pas ible to 1Jrtivell some rondusions On the

basts of these rRcts whirh are known. :(.J) 11, canopy enrlo ure control inside the cockpit was in the dosed ro~rtuln after the .tcddellt.
'(h) The l~res!>~lre remaining





i>ufficlclll to close the' ClIlOpy. (The system has an ilCOJ.IJ1U· laror wh ieh bu ilds IIp a maximum of 3000 lbs, pressure.) The first possibility, and perhaps the most Iikely, is tl,ul the All-! was seCLLf!.'!d with the ~anopy to the OPEN position. oUllng was Jane te dh'ipatc the presstlre [~lJlalning in the: hydraulic systeru ilCCUml.lmtor. The electronics man,
in thi~ case, must have






craft ) to the dosed position. :Regardless of which p05sibjlity you think most likely. the sa1ety lesson should be ve.r.y clear, Before securing an • irl'rJft 'with J hydraulically·oper:lted maopy. all pre~sure ill the hydraulh system should be dissipated, After Hlfting the the engine fbi. can be accomplished ea. il}' by moving the Rtlps up and down, or rtlo"''lQg the canopy back and forth. flf holding the by-pass val e open until the pressure rlrops.



GAG-5, S.... DIIlGO- There are fev.' N time in a naval Glflker's career when the opportunity arises to contribute ,\ "First" to the annals of naval aviation. But- eight pilots from Carrier Air Group 5 abo rd the Val/IIJ Fr;I'Ct' had



that raee chance off the eoe
California and with Bying colors.

t all cnme

of souththrough

Air Gmup commander, the pil0 s from VF-Sl and . F-S2 comJ:lJtlted successfully the first omiet landit'lg~. at night accomplished by jf<t aircraft, speciftt:nlly

Led by Cdr.


P, Lanham,

The event marked a climactic (tIlSWeI to .5keplics who scoffed at the idea of jet·· fighter ever being prll.:_tical aboard a carrier. In curl ier btials, jets 11~",e proven they be operated' from a carrier in rcnjunrtinn With conventiona! propeller-driven aircraft that they are superier to other types ill ~OqJbat, that lhey are able to rtlltke strike lit distances equal to those made by other eypes. and thut shipboard IDpeml· ing effiOe[lc), is not lost when jets are aboard. Many ph~f'S of tactical doctrine and operating technique are still in the process of being worked out, but the question as to the suitability of the jet ·aircrafr a· lL .. round . the-clock" fighteJ: needed an answer. Preparatiorr for C1UilliIying the cigbt pilot. gal underway witb two nigllt familiarization flights fur earh pilot and an average of 2') field farner landing pl·acuce passes per pilot. By experience, it \\'11$ found that coutrol of the a.pproadl speed and getting lined up with the carrier deck Wits almo t entirely IIp re the pilot or the aircrnft. These t""'vo assumptions were based OU the fll('t that the attitude in t1ighto( the jets was not exactly indicative of the airspeed, so the J;lI1J jog sl,l<!naJorIieee had no arcurate ttifercare by whirh to jydgc: speed, and Lh!.' fal L (hal the pilots wete so 'lose in 1.0












the r'Jmr by the time they were :lh)e ee the L 0'5 signaL .. that the sla11t signals gi"cn them were teo late to be e.ff('Cti~'e.


AJtittide of approl1ch and cur-poinr wen: left up to the ISO, The patt~rn flo\vl1 Was basically the one in use in normal day carrier landings but I iglltly elongated to allow more time inrhe final appI'Q,\{"h [Qr last minute corrections. Lt. L. R. Mix: was the LOin a ness

[ets are here to stay as shipboard fightet" capable of operating at nigh], during adverse weather. and <lny other rime when the}' are needed. We take ;1. hack-seat to no either fighter except (or time rema.1tling in the air, whid] record. t bel ieve, i beld bl' an
Aeronea.' . . In the ::!.(cempun}·iI1g photograph, p'i1oh are shown in the ready room for tilt posr-fii.ght <juesMns. lbcy were. left to right; and bouom 10 top; L(dr. A, D. Pollock, \'F'SJ CO;- Cdr. E. J. Pu\ ks \lH2 0; Cdr. Lanham, GAG,', LCdr. J. JI. BoydSt411, \'1'.52; L 91". H. F. 'rbol1lp,
;011, VF·~J:

b rge respect responsible for the .~mQotb-

or operations.

T preparation or

of the effectiveness of the of February,

Conditions were excellent for the trial: A fni r amount of moonlight ,gave an horizon, and >1. relatively calm sea limited deck
pilch. With the exception of one

the 2SIh

carne about the n;ght.


Lt. D. D, .Engell, \'f·51 and LCd~.
l~y Vf'·~l exec.

J J. Davrdsen,





T 10 ks like aAyinv couple


blown tire. lhe eight pitQts each made' rwo carrier lllndiogli witll no hitch in
the operations.

"hot oots"

shot of Cdr. Lanham aad his jJ dlllb(:1 n;ttrkint: the Ii cst nlght jCL

is really

oJ whtn of fireflies with time exp~sure

ca [-

the same as during the J(l,yJ.jgh~. exeept Llld.l 1I1C speed of the \"nding j~r Imrosed new lirne requirew.ere practically

rn talkl ng to the- pilots after the landings. it was the g<!l'lI"rul opinion Ih,IL after the first ra5~. the landingS

ll1t:nt, lor


corrections necessary to


Capt. H, S. Temple, ~k;f>l'er of the 1':711.) Po'/'gt'. ell.l,tcsse I his opinion at the exercise with a hC',uty "WeU Done" to the p;10tS' and rnsn H:sponsJble lor the successful and expeditioll5- accomplishment of the task, . Cdr. lanham, v ho made- the first night jet tiilnding on a :fuutop. declared: , al.l of us were enthusiastically eprlmistic abtllit the cllpabilitjes of ehese jets"
Thi· I!:











point pflOvillg that

net iahdln,t! In the long history of o,l\>aI ll}'m~ and tepre sents aunlher in the Pacific Fleet's long 1isl 0 ' Pi[$~" in :lvl,liOh operation .. ifl cxpliln·,uion of this f'lctote. the ratter .n of lights is compcsed of the 'port anti starboard willg UJ!ht in the beginning and rhe _rarboard fUoning light and app.LOll('b J igl1t III th finnl p;trt of the landing. Note the rollback 011 811:. deck, the ~lJttern of the plane director's lucitc wands and the Snl'l4lJ blur of cockpit light reflections r rom the canopy. The straight dashed line proje(:Hng Qut from the 1$0 platform has all puzzled; howC\'N, lr appeared in only one out of 11 prrtures, so it was believed to be a negative Ilaw inserted by 11 ~JemJin,


trfc~ II











HE PHONE rang. "This is the My.d«)grar>hk Offie" t.he voice said. •'Can. you give rrs it List of the na)J1CS of airfields at various naval air stations and the men they were named a ftcr?" The Nt. AL AVIATION NE~ S writer wh~ had llnsweted the phone puzzled a little, trying to thi(lk what ectien in the Nllvy approves names for airfields. "No, we haven't any .li6t, h~l It might be ft .story fer the News ;J we can get one. Wc'U Gall you back when we get it." That started it. Who to call? BuSHIPS names ships, rniglu try them and sec who finally approves the names, Maybe they approve airfields too, So NANEWS called BUSHIP$ inforrnation. They referred us to sbip section, No, they didn't know about an}' list 0.[ airfield names. Did you try BuA£tl.? So we called up BuAER historian. He never heard of any li5t, bUL h(ld we tried the hare establishments division? A phone call there yjclded the information tj:lIl:t Bureau of Yards and Docks buill air stations; maybe they

had a List of the names. We called up one of our ecret operatives in that bureau who usually knowa everything. He didn't know, but he'd find out. Meanwhile. the NANnws writer called up. ~le Navy bisro!y' section, a Rear Adml.raJ no less. HIs secretary advised they did not keep lists of airfield names and suggested wr;: try:some· where else, Ou.r BUDoc)(s operative called back to advise thM nis source said we might get a list from Chid of NUI1!!1 Op,(;[a:tibns shore bases-section. That Line was busy, so we called Bt}PHRS shore establishment section, "00 you people name .air stations or know who does}" we asked. The voice at the other end. obviously just Ollt of secretarial .:JcbooL replied, "No sir, we don't," and let the matter drop there, We called the. Ol>NA:Vshore bases ouUit again and were advised they handled only ene kind, the airfields came under an aviation ba es sectloQ in DCNO (Ai:r). We. wondered why we hadn't called them in the first plaee Instead of going thnmgh the task of be-

iog passed from Bureau to. Bureau and office to otfice. That probably was itLjit too close to home-it would have been too easy. We trudged over to aviation bases section in the next corridor and asked a few lieutenants, commanders afldtaptains. Nobody knew ju~t wby, offhand, the Navy ITO longer narnes jts <I'irfieLds after heroes, as loes the Air Force. However, dl,Hlng the past war many landing fields and fighter strips on Pacific islands aC9uire:d names wllid1 never wenj through the red tape of being apprcved or disapproved officially. Following is a Jist, of naval and Marine airfields, some active today and some defunct, which NANt;WS was able to rcmpilefrom various sources: Mullin, phiiadeJ,pliia--n.a,meu for Capt. H.
C. Mustin, Naval A\'iato,r #11; one naval aviation's' nurstanding e!u'ly leaders. TUt""r. Q\J'Il1'i~o-Cl,Jl. T, C Turner, who


made first . S.-J-iaiti aigl\t~Ja~er director of Marine aviarinn, Chambers, Notfolk--Cllpt. W. I. Chambers, first .head Gl naval avlnrinn, before there was :'I B\.tl'ea~ 01 Aeronautics.






b~ln'" 5r. Th"m",,,VJ.-M~j. i:lcl"I.lme, USMC, first n~~1:l to' in J ~ hours from Miami,


LOl1iL'>M. n011"5!Op

flom. U. S. to Nimr',.Igu,d, .Made- it in 1928

tl'e CV II7,j~.I1 early in exec of !h~' sta.tion when

base rn

j ·fl.r.4 .

war. He was it was ~ Reserve

aro"",,. Quo~!'ico-lnJ L.t. W. V. Brown. E"IItly !!.bEtoe aviator ki lied in cpcratinnal erash in J nne 1921. 'I:II""o/r"l, PenMco!.,.......;J.Gdr_ George deC. Che9alier. Nawl Avintor #7 who made 6.c~t lll.q:ding .aboa t'd the OlrTf~r /..MI g ky, loTi." R6d9~rr,. Hono/ .. I.... -Cdr. John Rodg· ers, leader of tir'S! trans-Pacific B.igbl from SlIn I"~"o:l'1seO to Honolulu.
8rlllol, Argentia. Newfoundlond ....

Web.f"". Pat .. xenl Ifiver. Md.-Capt. W. W" Web~fe;r:, one-time head Naval .Alrq:!):fl l'actory. C.,<il., Joe kstln vif/,...__Glr. H. B. CedI, l;:iJled ;11 ebe crash of the dirlgjble Akron in April



al<i.lltB with Adm.


'THE'$E ",EN


Mark L. I3rislol. flo,st dffid:i.l direcror oJ naval ~vta.tlOI'l" suceesscr to Capt. Chambers. ,Arm/I.,!!". '"yo,l:o.n. C"I/I'.-if. Joho Armit'4ge, test plio! "Who was kill.ed at Inyokern {laval ordr)<lflce tes't station during the war
during rocket Jiriogexpcrimentation.

(hIlS,", (arpy, Chrr.tI-E.Cdr. Nathun B. Chase, early naval a viator ki II~d in plane crash in 1.926.

II. odd, Corpus

{Ii (be new of dl!: ND4, first plane
AHan tic -oeean.





Les-, JQchGnviHe---.En~. T. B. I..eej WQ;Jd 'Wax J aviator, 8,<>\1'''' San O.iego-Cdr. M¢h,jn S. Browll, "'t~·of Lexington kHkd ill O'.:I,sh in 19~6 near San Diego. Sllch". Eniw"Iok-Unknown. Ge'·I/<lr,Spokon_M"j. Harold Gei8eI'. piQ' neer j nArmy av~aLibl1, veteran dirigible

to IIy no Ii.'~top :lCI'OS5the

H''''''''YI IIlYClJr.,m-Lc<k W:uroo 'W. Ha','i'l'l', outstanding in rhedevelopmenc (lr £is},!er l<lct ics; died s h oell)' before the war. Ream, s."" DI"9_M~j. WfIlial11 Roy Ream, Army doctor, medical ufficer of Rod<weJ! field On North Ji;lu'nd in WWI. R!!aI'n earlier 1'I'll5 called Oneonta field, F"9 e ,P"'Tj.'~I,,,,cI. s. C.-Capt. A. H. Pa.ge, USMC, mllde first instrument iiight-(rOJIl
Akron to Washington in 193U, winning

C.mn;'ngAa,,", Cher.ry Pain1, N. C~l.CoJ. Alfred A.C.!JnI)ciogh.tlll. Mnriue Corps Aviator


Reeves, tactics,

M 0 ffett,


thfeI of than -a ir progress.
,R,~~ v"..,

Sunny.,gl., Cgl.-RAdm. W. A, O.nl: of nava.l It vlad on .s biggest

.B u AER, leader in


pilot If! W,W.!. Navy Reserves .By born tIJIs field now, along with USAF. 8I1c~r"y, Oe_n~,er-U. 1-ill..rold Bllckky. AM killed in Franee io 1918 repeUing 11. German aerial attack. HeruJ ..r, Ooll.. ,-Co.l. William N. Heasl ey, Jr~ 'Who helped develop Hie neldas a RerSetve base in the" '20'~.

s"" p..,d.o.


CqI,-RA.ln1, in use of aircmft in


M. n,lml

During tbe war the MariMS bad a of fields. or lcanciing strips named ;aFter their heroes. MQst of these
number fields are now jungle-grown but the trad-:iti0n [i~:l on. They include:
Hen,dersan, G uadol~tlllol-Maj. Lofhul R. Hende[-5e~ skipllec of II bisa·:Z4! at battle Qf }.fidwilCY. His \\'IIS first pbnl.! bit by AA and he- was uedited some quarters with div tng his crippled plane into the Slack (If a J:<p ,c\""ler. A lieJd OD Midway: W;i5 named afte-r him before the one on GlJadal.canlll: Morel, Z·ombo<Jn!l". f'hJUpplrr.u-LCoI. Paul

W. M. ,"ony, Jr., winner of Congresslorrsl .Meda! of HonOI for g i j og his I.He 1'0 ~:>tue hi spasse nger ~fter v
a<o" 'I;>!I,

DFC Cor'f. Pe"·M~tlj,,-l.Cdr.

man H. MC!Calf.1, CO of till' riuiMlt Mtlt'bl'€'" hud. which trelped £!lIplUre Guantsnam« Bay in Span.isli-.American IV at. Au". Wh.idbet "/"nd', Woj~e=r- LCdr, William Ad It, Y Q,klQ·«m piJfl.t killed .in the batHe ef Coral Sea. He guided ~I,e goe-at .raid of maim plane5 ever Ow!i:J'I."S_lllnJ~i' mountains f m m Port Moresby ra Snlam ilWll VI h ere it sank ei sht J~ shi P5, P

Mcc" I/o,



in 1920,

,,,~olb--.<Lt. (j.g,) K. BID!'!' snn, Naval AvlalM # 15, killed ill 19Hi when his plane disintegrated in the air due'



Pe lISa <0 la-1.t. (j ,S' ) 'R kb1l\td C. 'Saufley, Naval av i\ii tor :# 1'4. Killed tryi 118 to endurance record of 8 hQ"r~ 43 millutes In OJrHSs pllliber bydlnpi:me. E!lylo.". PenJoc?fo-Cdr. T. G. Ellyson., Naval ,.IJ.;viator # I. A i~ed .in developing break

'i'JSa~ Rc 1:. I.

bomb cxplosfoa, 1'''Il.tlc~I_Dpt. Kenne~b Whit· ing., Naval AViator #16: CO of first n. S. Na"Y ilU'IlO:'lllllCa! unit ti'! rellch Europe in lint WQrld War. fir~ exec of carrier 14ng·

In premarure


Sh"o. Squontom. Mo.s,~LOk.

kiUed ina.ction

owl1,ile serving

John J. Shea.

Mnrei:, killvd in If C:t'.a$1'r t New Caledonia. a in 1943. T/I~omb;, Mi"dqna~Pt, Joh!) A. T:tw:mlb. communications officer killed bl' Jap sniper while directing dose ail support .m1ssi~J'1 on
Luzon. !louer,Vilo, Honor credit, winner N...", If''brli:leJ-Mai_ with

(lo~illn J()~} Bauer, CongrecS5ion~J Med~

Harold W. ·of 11 Jll,P planes to his, Lt. A~thlJ.r E.

:eataPRllJ;~ tulcli lir''1..poritoons. . Bari" •. Ilema<o/aLr, Louis T •. Baric, Naval Aviator # %. Test pilot in World W:l1f I; member of crew NCo.l. Cabanln, C.,rp ... Ch'idj--Gd.r. 'RobertW. Cil:titni~,~, W (ir hi! War r O:I"\'a a I'!flfo.~ an d J gtlnliezy Instructor killed ill filane accident .fhal d M. G WIespie,
oifN:lvaS5a Island. West Indies. CHrelpie. CO'PUI Chritli-6rev.


Pi dl!talJe .



in 1927.

Sailer,Guod,,/conahMaj. Joseph Sailer, Jr., CO of VMSBdJZ, killed while atta.d.:rdg Ja:p DD, w-i!ll'l'jn_g toe Navy Gro!i's. fjorln_g, Ef')'/e. New Hdiride,s-.:!ntl Lt. .Ric:!.· ard D. Hiring. Tot/or. ff<1f,-2o.a L.t. Lawrence C. Taylor, killed whiTe jriter«>pt1!\!: 27 }.ap planes- raiding Henderson liele! 011 Glw{.blQl.[lRL

Hvwli;n$, fota .. cr-Li-



SS;1 D It

killed II:;J:dug a platoo i ~nd capture of Tarawa_

d UrInA_:; the-a

a,iu,Rl;li-CoJ. Aquilla J. Dyess, Congresslonnl Medal of Htm",r winner, kiUed in tile (Qpture of Narnl.lf idal1d.

'The Nllvy also honored severn] of i,C!> War by .nam.ing fit'lds ufter them:

heroes 91uing the

and turned rhem Inre full-fledged rnemhers of the Naval Air Reserve- ream. Thmllgb t~room instrurtion and actuaUy WGrking on the line aod In the shops and Ql1'ice5. they will learn av ill, tien Fundamentals at fir.st-h:mJ, from rtop~lIe:r'rhme mai nt en 110 ce to the t~e{)fy of jet oper-Jti0J15. Liberal doses of athletics will be r:r(lffillled into the . Accori:ilil'lg to f'reseot pla1l&, the Reserve "air boot" course will be given at n I'll' al ai r !Ita tlons iIfId nil\lnl ai r reserve training units located at Anaeosria, AtJant~l CQ l"um bus, Dallas, Glenview. Grosse De. Jacksonville, Los Alamitos, Mef1lpld~, Miami, Minneapolis, N'ew Orleans, New York, Norfolk, Oakland. Olafhe. Seattle, Sqluntum. St. Lou.is. and Winow Grave. The course L$scheduled to begin 0]) or about 2Q June, depending on local high school closing dlltes, ami applications are now being accepted.

by }.A tn 1944 In j_lre-uW,lfiJt:l1l \'1'1"-1(,.




hkr; kil~ed



POOl) !lit M.lkln Ida-oJ. field near G-1rry FieliJ, named after him.

M<JWn;x, r",..",a-RA:drn. l';Il"nr)' M. M(llli· ilL:':, e;'{-~kjpFt:r lif the S(J('IN.iiJ_it. ki lied when the t::VE LifH>'IItbe Bu \ was IUl by ~ tor·
JI. m"d~! I'j"ridll. :1-I6ll

"irpl.Il~" w:.<~


H. (Bu~~:IJ) O'Hare, "t!~t.1I1djng Navy li8h~~r ~tt- w'i1" S1101 down live Jap bombers
in line l1~ti~'n. Corner,




Guad'o"aoo.{-----,("".r<pt. j1imd a ~ ci~j uhlD

o~l·. US, , kll1"d ro


V. G. renr] y iti th e

H S '5· .., ... enlo'rs
Sum,mer Crui5~

G .. e t B rea. k .
fo·r .Air Boois

W"M'ro.., C"'P~' C...i.t;-CO!llI~1:r!ldin8 OHi· r eer of Torpell.lo SQllIrdtr;>n S which, wi'll. the





e1C;(¢j)tiori (If Ensign Gay was wiped the 8MIle uf Mldw.ay_



SqI.L1-illOOS .'ltefiying lit ~t it tit'l ns bases (In com on"reid Id~ n'arned Q r it'l' iati<;'n 0 otah Ies, S I. 1•.,..,i5 ]('1'serves :Ely from Ul/tbUl lield, named YO! MilI- AlWt Bond Lambert of List ...rine' f'll'lw who donated the Jirsr plane .10 Resezve pUOt8< there bad: in 1926. New Yerk Res~rve~ use Floyd IJerl/lC11 field, IUmt..j fol' th~ man w!w pll!.ltecl Adm, Byrcl over tbl' North Pole lhntsnme year. l\'lirmapQUs Reserves fly off IPo/d,Chat/iber/(lil! 'lic'-Id. named fQI two World Wttr I pilots.
M val DIr

Some Reserve



_, :rhe N.~V'al Air Res:fvc'5- eig:hkw~eb air boot rOIH~, whlth proved so SU(1[6ssful la!ll y~<l-!, is s1a~eu fo,r a r.epcat perforrnanre this summer at some W !'Iilwd al rstations th ro~gbol,l r the- eou ntry. This means that 2100 ybung meu, selected mostly from high schoel graduatlng classes, who enlist in the Naval Air Re;;erve as airme-nOJ seamen recruits, will gc<:l to spend two months aboard. _,1 na val air station, a.tqu IfiDg aviation know-how. "[hey will fo1l0w the same actionpacked schedule which left last yea.tl'i pioneers breathless ami enthusiasdc,

Sk.y G.ionf Kept Busy On Fleet Tasks The N;l;VY 15 trying tolt'J~ its two R(,11 Coussismieus because they cost too much to operate our of its ever-dimini;shing budget. but in the meantime the bi.g plane is mally pmving a boon 111 transrortin~ large nU!DD~rS of per.
of the two CrJlltfilJ(t)o1lJ is having its 1,oOO-holl.I beavy malatenlU"l(e. At:CQllding to word from Lockheed, the pl-ane held up so well, i!. may be necessilt'}' to. conduct t:fti:; check only after each 1,.50_0 hout5.111is would save considerable money, Tbesecond plruue was blJ-Sy 8yill8 around the country during Ja:nu~ry and Febeuary, Between 21 January: anti. 24 fchruJl;ry, it called -at 37 airfields, transported. 1.976 passengers which, with calgo. totalled 323.2 tons of lift. It was in ~he air 139 hours and _completed _~ve tt"'lIostontilllmlal Eights without a single m-ajo£ Jli.ght discrepancy. It began its series Qfoutstanding Bights by fi ftlng 148 passengers and b,agga,ge hom Norfolk to Quonset, R payload of 36,000 pounds. Next it hauled 12$ passengers from Argentl~l ro Waml and 125 from No[fol~ 1..0 Andrews Field. Willow Grove, Floyd Bennert and Squ;l.t:ltum. It (mishll'd off Jartu!u), by Byiqg 103, f rem QuonSet 10 Atlantic City. February saw the G()I1Jliht{jo# stiU blJsier, FU.,gbts deploying _Beet Ulljts and supportingflee~ 0l?er~tions added 91 hOW-50 und <'11 ,mio1-1tes to its Hight log. In the Jive weeks ending 2-4 February. it completed, 1)3"55,821 passenge-.r miles and 242,800 tan miles. Fleer Air Logistic Support Wing is going to miss its ha td·working gi~nt. sOflild. One

f}ltlil(' ~


,1}Im1'I/;/Ij.r 1~/dllul/1i)11

U.s <1,'# DU/dilrlf- J"(~""ljring E.q,lIiflmer/j In"'e (/PmO!IJfr;UM, tl1l1t~"'" pri;ae-lJ e-lJvU;gb, in a .blinJln,g_ :mO:I!JIOnn. AjJer lm'ti/ing f)" tbe -PT(,1W,t ·(wil hM~h <II NdTe P"llIxMI Nd ... ,'h" gfOPP rmtf'tJil{/ Ii; TfY-41piflgfon b) litil - Jb~ whole dt-eq: Will w-.itJ ilr to tigiJl w/.h SIlOW tlldl 110 plan.e, MOl ~4·tlj ~hr Deihl, I/!<lJ a/hlll!ed IQ land.

611~tIi IIJr,,,,

Jotif Nlu'IfJY. {kill '1/ l(!


,<c'-""'~r~'IJhlt lIi'tl'J Ur-"ii:M. rll'~hlJ"iln, af/li '~f/a_giJu"n D"}.t,,, tho: N"'~l'j" .,IWlMfher N.MI""b pl.we, 1111 RJD. Ridnm;",d Irati; AIM'(rI.U(il l//h~ie the zero 'Mila, (l11Ii/1-i'-d'rilW. IVriUd



Nt\S JALRSONVIL! F It's "slide, Kelly" ~lide!,' when ~pring,trme Satur~daJ1s here brought om GOD teen-age hqys of the citr aod~fivirons _.toMason field to le:.trn the rtldlment~ Q~ basebal], The boys were all members of tho: J;l*Nav), BOl's .B!I~b!~iJ T rllining Smooi, whieh launched its second IlI1· nual season rllls- fe-.II. l<lqnihed aL the !iuggelilion of Capt .. A. I. ~aistr~m, (To!l111llLoding officer of the station, It rs rast becomil1~ u ~rJ_dirion here, doubling liS eneellrnent th¢ second year. In fact. !L Iimit had to be fixed to- keep the entire stoJion from being QVerl'110 with the yOl1ng aspirants to the jnajor There is no kiddin¥ abo~tlb~ purpose of tbe $i,'hool. It ~ basebaI.J. c;aadled by Navy rlay;rs, lily. <i,Lhlelif dircdor~. and a spnokh!1g of blg aame big l~ue ball players _[rom t!H: major league [mining camp., u... Yl,?mk . 'the [atte r not orllor 1end 11 cll stin ct air 0 f high tc:velball.pl~yill~ to th: srheel, b~t in tum are showlfIgll1cl:Q.1.smg enthusJ;asrn for the pf:m which builds future pall_ players. ... . Di ~ecting the scbool thl,<;. year ~~ UZdr. George Nul], welfare and rhr~I' cal traolnlng ·offio.:er at NAS Jax. Ms.ist<ed by' Lt. (,jg) .Richllrd E. G(m'er. F~an.k McCaffrey, who coaches. the stanen s




b:aH dub


one time




Red Sox player. is head coach ', The r-roblem of transpflrtmg hun dted~ 0' . boys to the air station by 9 LW a.rn, was- solved by a j·oint plan developed hI' the NavY and [sckscnville

The latter honor!' memberthe two a:rltr~1 loading poine; where ~aI'YI:nlsse6. p:u;k up the boy". Sorrre kids leave home (It (1 a.m, to mRk~ the trip. Oae of tht: prinl.-ipJes- maio_mined fl0mrhe Ii rst IS t hilt no reel> or lIf1)' kind are cha,r!:ed. no professional a8i\i,ltiORS in the 'admini:'itriltion of the school are pennirted. and rtJl services ire I·Qlunbl,rr. The ~dHlOL, wholly (f;lr 'and in the interest of the boys from 12 to 1') years of age. rail for five w~~ks ,this s.pril1g. l_Lwound up '~Ith an tIll star" gJ.I'l:lt between outstand In£!: players, Winner:; (;I( this (:o,'cttid honor were selected for prnficieney, artentiveness to tnStruc:tiorland fuB attcl'lu.l[Jce. They were R,vn.rd12J:! spedal~lee\'e. emblems distia~ui~h rng them as "J:lK-Nttvy All Stat'S. . W'l]let·~i'Zc c.:e.r.~ific;;).tes were

Gtlm:h Co. $hip cards

presented to all bOY5 who completed the rourse, Among the 'major le<lgue ball playerswho coached the bOYS were John "Hans" Lobcrr, N,Y. GitUlts scout; Qyde Sukeforth. Rex Bllln:ey and Andy H"igb of the Brooklyn Dodg~r~; ·Mickey Cochrane, Jimmy DYKes~ Joe Coleman and Eddie Joost of the Philadelphia Ari1letirs. and TOriY Ravish, Giants coach. Bill Terry_ former manager lind Giants player, t10W in business in

;gave them. a good pictur-eo( baseball know-bow Bai.ntti in his n yeal'S- of major le_ague rlay. 'fIle jab of helping line Ut' major-

J(lcdtsonviU~, worked with the boys !lnd

leaguers to assist in the school f.eU to Garver and Lt. Hugh Garvey, rublJC' jnfo·[ITh~ti"m officer at [ax, They visited various training l"llinps: along with

sportswriters from lotal ?1I pen, to m~ te.rest players in ,1Ssisting: the scheol. A bmud of directors, t:C'imposed of pubIit:-:spirited Ioral .cil'Lzeps, naval of~ ficers of the station and l1ewspllpeUl'~n Jeodeson rna:titers of policy and 1~lld~ it.siru;illence iE .~eruring the type of whole-hearted cooper:ttil!Jo that has built ehe proje(:t to, it.~ pre'ient' srnJe', SupI:orters- of the- s(hooj IYQjrtt to it as having a wh(JlesOlPt> eHed on u.e ymmgsters of the community. ~iyettill~ their attentions dong athletIC Iines atl-d giving t11en1 au inSIght into dIsdp.line and efficient ecmrnend as {'x6tn.plihfd by the Navy. It il1stiUs in them a: lasting respect for ulei.c cOllntky's gove-rnment and its filii ituty services.












<In I:h"

I is called no diff~renn: whether "the Old Girl," "The
'Or simply "The "tORKTOWN,"



each title is one of affection, a tribute to the spirit, integrity and character of a never-to-be-forgotten srup.. Tn her nrst HI monrhs of combat, "The Figbting I.ady" made good her proudest title in the critical and hard-fought carrier battles of the Pacific. She fought from Marcus through Okinawa, and finally carried the war to the homeland of the eneill}' and dropped her anchor :ill Tokyo Bay. From the time ber keel was liLid-.six days before Pead Harbor-e-tbe YarkIOWII was an aggressive ship. By 21 J~I,nllary 1943, she was ready for launchiJlg and impatiently slid into the. water several minute before the appointed time. Surprised wqen the ship started moving, Mes. Franklin D . Rcosevelt, her sponsor. stepped fO!WIHd and quickly smashed a bottle- of champagne On the receding prow of the INJiger ship. Four months after her commi;ss!oning war in the Pacific, sending the Iigh[cr:s. bombers and torpedo bombers of Air


YURK'l'OWN, thl, bdor ~~c¢o:nt of cV·l(1 t ..k"" th" place of the 8qusdr,on hIxlnt"}' tot thm lssue, A [!!1lni.Q1) of QV-lO men
"'M held n New York

Til bOIl.~r of


..... 10 lleT'R!i1 1


H~ April,


that great Japanese naval base








the strugg le. For the next three months. bet lQg reads Like a March of Time account of eonqcest il] the Pa.ci1ic-Palaw, Woleai. Hollandia, and Truk again. In juoe with Air Group ONE aboard, the Y clt'k{ 011lft was io_ ,tlt~ Philippine Sea for initial attacks on the japanese in. that area. Her Air Group accounted for ores of lhe 385 planes shQ~out of the air in one day. They were bappy wartiQfS in the Marianas Tlukey Shoot. and still greater victories lay ai1,"ug. On the afternoon of june 20, a. search plane from the Hornet spotted. a Jap task force. Forty-five minutes later, a1 163 D, the Y Ot'/:IQwn and other carriers Ja<ll().ched rheir strike groups. The Japs didn' t know It, but the heat was on.

and precious fuel. Pilot after pilot came back only to lind that he .could not quite make it. To keep the fleet in darkness W3 to lose men and planes and possibly impair the victory brave pilots bad risked their lives to gain, Aumiral Mitscber ordered the lights on! With star shells, floodlights and searchlights signalling home base, the planes carrie in to land 00 any available carrier or in the water for rescue, All in all, the Y orktouo: lost 18 planes in !tletion, three pilots and four crew members, but a great v-ic~ory had been woo.

n island

AT THE llND of her first (mise, the structure of the Yr)l'ktoum was wen stencilled with 400 Jap Rags representing pia;lcS destroyed, 200 preb-

on ] 5 April 1943, she was fighting the

Greup fIVE against Marcus. After Mar-

cus came strikes on Wak.e Island, the Gilberts, ~LI1d Kwajalein, and Dr theft she was fighting like a veteran. The rows of "setting suns" grew upon her jsJand structure. Off K\Vll.j alein , the night of December' 4., the fleet was und~t torpedo llttack for four hours. The Lexington was- hir but not put out of cont-rol, and the Yorkt(l~lm with her cusJl.:lmary aplomb wa unscathed. On February 16 and 17. 19A4. the ~'1}1'kl()WfI WaS off Truk, exploding thatmyth df irnpregl'lab.il1tj' with bombs and

prane5 arrived over the J:tpfleet at 1840, 300 miles from tOe Yorktown, t() find that there were far more ships than had Qj'iginally been reported. So mach the better, there were more to hit! They struck: at the [erce with torpedoes and bombs; and the J apanese threw everylliing tbey had a~ the !1ttarker~, but still OIU' carHE Kf'rACKINC


strafing fighters. The daring strike. on

torpedo and bomhing run after the other. Until unset. the raiders kept on bitting. One carrier and two oiler, were sunk, and four carrier , one battleship. one cruiser and aa oiler damaged. TiH: distanee to the target and back

tier pilots kept coming In with one

and ilie, bilttJe itself had taken


sunk and 60 damaged, Her maiden rruise was over, and her fame was soon l0 reach the world WIlen the pictorial retard was released under the title of "The Fighting Dl.dy:· In Augl.l.5t, the Y 01'1:1 own retu rned eo the "West Coast for new gear and tdittil18, and in llutumn she headed for the Indian couHtryagain. In November sh~ .wil..s :strIking at Shipping in t~e Philippines and supportmg reoops In that area. Mtluila Bay and Lozon received lier attention for several week'S. A_ typhoon struck the fleet with great damage on December H3. bot the Y otJitown safely rode Que 60.foot waves. After spertding Christmas 1944 :1t Uliilil, the York/oum went inco the China Sea, penetrating an unknown t'CrritQ.ry literally surrounded by JllP strengrn. Successful strikes on fields j(j Indo-China, andsbippiQgan,d fieJds at Hong Kong and Canto", highJig,hted the adventure. lQky0 Rose m;gled QUi

ably destroyed plus 30 odd surface c.raft


the Y 01:"1011111 for her predict ions of doom to the carrier fleet anti claimed it: would never get out of the Chin" Sea. CC"rtaioly the YorktowfT expected a fight-and was. not disappointed. Day lind night battles roHowed. Nigbt fighters got SG1l1e the lap planes; ship's of fir-e caught others, Fourteen were shot down by the fleet in one day, twelve the next. lhe Langley and TirollaeroglJ were hit. but the- Yorlaou»: came tbmugh unscathed. Back to Ulithi she ~ent, 'bur not befere deJiv~ring "alassmg blow at Okinawa, a callIng cac that would be made good later.
10, 1945, Fast CarTask Ferne :;8- set a course for Tokyo, and on the 16t11, there 0 curred the ihy the whole Navy bad been waiting and working for. This was the main event to which all earlier battles and invasions had been prelude. At dawn, the 16th, a raw cold windy day with a low overcast sky, the Yorktotuu launched her planes far a fullscale attack on Tokyo, It was a great rnomen The enemy was taken comple~ely by surprise and failed Ito recover and counter the lIHacK. The Y ol'kfoum then turned to support the in vasian of Jwo Jima, For 30 number of day the York,ofil-1J sent her planes to blast Suribachi and the cavesresistance pockets on th beaches, With the rni~ial assault troops well dug in and twa airfields in our hands, the foree left Two to strike Tokyo again, then turned back to Ulith i. By March 1 8 Task Force ;}8 was underway for the attacks preliminary to l11e Okinawa landing. No one knew that the Jap were pre_paring to send 3.000 kamik4Ze. planes against our naval forces in a fanatical attempt to stop the invasion. Two weeks before 0 Day. April I, softening·up operations preceded the actual iavssien. &arte1y ha.d the strikes begun when customers began to appear for the Combat Air Patrol and the ship's guns. That niterlloOl1 duel'llltiy'J

came in. The lirst was, 'plashed by AA fire. but the third carne out of the douds to drop a bomb tbat landed 00 the starboard sigaaJ bridge. k!lling three men and wounding 18 others. The began to disintegrate at the pullout, and one officer Was picked up as a prisoner oJ war,


O rier


side of the island 0 f Okinawa, we sent main amphibious forces in on the west side. securing a s~roflg toe-hold before the enemy could look behind him. The enemy was sending in reinforcements. The night (!)f April I, Y (Jrkto'llJti night ftghte.fs discovered a support greup of several transports, escorted by a cruiser and some destroyers, about 200 miles to the north. By strafing and rocketing, tbey forced the Japs to beach their ships and abandon the venture. Not content with aerial battles in the skies over Okinawa, Ai'r Group NINE put the finishing touches on the battle'hi£! Yamato and the cruiser Ag41-IQ plus several destroyets. Never again did the japs venture oul; with the remnants of their fleet. The campaign went on, day after day. Strike! SnJk;e! Strike.! And all the whllc the 'Task Force wa batlering away at enemy installati_Olls, the Japanese were tryi~g to l,i:t bade. Carrier aft~r carrier was hit by kamikaze;s, but the Yorbtown kept on bell tiug off attacks, launch iag .I1erptarres and milking gunnel)' pay tremendous dividends. Afrer 61 days ot eornbet, the )' rJ'rkt(uim Hhdrew to Ulitbi on May 12th, and Air Group

fl. Jars. MakLDg a feint on the east

AP1UL 1 Was. ~pril

Fo~ls' Day for the

Kamishi. Even the battleships and cruisers got iJ'lit0 the offensive action, go 109 in to bombard coastal industrial areas under the. watchful eyes of the carders who furnished spotting planes and the necessary alr cover. Augw>t 6 found the fleet off the coast of Honshu, poundingairfields and sbippio$ in 11 routine manner, At 1930 that evening, word came of the dropping of the atomic bomb 00 Hiro hirna. Three days later the second atomic bomb was d~opped on Nagasaki, The same day a Jap Gft1te sneaked in with friendly Corsars and made 11 suicide dive on the 117 <'IJP dose by the Y ol'kfOWIl. Flamed firs by one of the IfYaJp'J fighters and agrun by ship gunfire, it erasbed ~o feet elf the starboard bow of the JlVaJP. the Yorktown getting in a few shots which proved to be the last ef the war from her batteries, On Au;gU5t lacarne the word of the Jars; offer to consider the terms of the Potsdam ultimatum. AT 'LAST. it was over! Japan surrendPaci.fie Fleet. gave the. order to cease offensive operations. Ocde[~ were sent out tLt once to all planes to jettison bombs and return to base, TragkaJ1y, Y()d~:fr;um pilots on the way home were jumped from above by a strong force of fighters. Four of our pilots were lost by this final act of treachery, Peace meant the end of II great fight· ing career of. ,8IelJ:l carrier. It had fought under the leadership of rusting· uished skippers, Capt. Joseph J- Clark, Capt, Ralrll E. Jenni:qgs-, and Capt. Thomas S. Combs. It bad launched brilliant Air Groups, and the gallant men abcard had played a significant role In gi~ing "'fhe Figbting Lady" an unchallenged place in hisrory, The 'ltJrklown. named fer -an early victory, gave it,S share to secure another, and th~s t?ok its plat.e among all. the great hips In the history of the United States which have fought gatJanl\ly and GOU('llg:e0usly to preserve the right of man,
fl_ ered, ami Commander-in-Chief,


NINE went horae with the most imp os-

ing scoreboard of the ship's career. 011 J illy 1 . the /leet sortied ana wen t northeastward, Then followed a month of blows .at the horne islands of Shikoku, Honshu and Hokkaido, blow that sen] ~he reeling empire down for the COunt. The fleet J'!UI:8f.'d will up and down at the coast, trikiog like the vetecanfighter it was-quick powerful blows at strlte_gic targets Kobe, Osaka, Murerea,


J4..r1t.l mulntennnce
1\11)01 uo'Wl1ing to jet Dillll~ personnel work'ing en jel gilg1t1C;;; 10. llllhltQiI out hI this nl'l#l.. by \Jed ... Sid" y I. Br,ody \MCI. "lliQ'h! JlM>u,h,-.;1 I.. Ah(lrur1. De\!'clJlP,,,,,,,t $<11l1!1lJ'lIn 'l'h.",,-





ADVE.NT of jet propulsion in slr,crah has pwdi.lCed a great number of aeromedical problems, the miljotity of these ceflle.ring abecr the pil r,. his equipment and the e1f~ of Bight lh these aircraft, There exists, however, n )l;3.tl poisoning hazard to the health oE the personnel engaged .in handling naval jet uirc.raheugines that should arouse the interest of fliglll urgeons, particularLy those assigned !lI acri vi-t-iespossessing jet airplanes, Thts matter which primarily Involves ground personnel is a farni liar one to the il1dustrial physic:_jan and heretofore rhere OOS been little cause for its incl1lilion in 1!:vind011medicine. However. owing to tli< insidiousness and important aspects of lead poisoning. it is felt that erious consideration be given. this subject in order that prevenrive measures HE






a fud for [er aircraft. Unqueslionably, the impracricability of storing. different
vented the adoption of throughout the fleet for thl

ins_lituted before entity becomes 'apparent'.


{he disease

fuels aboard

carriers Ius prekerosene

Lead is regarded th putstamling poison in industry; and J t Iias been accused of probably contributing to more cases of illness and death than any other ingle cbstance. In chronic cases. symptoms become manjfest as a result of the tumul tive action of minute quanuues taken into the boily. The respiratcry systeJD offers the usual port ot entry and' the DiVision of In lustrial He-alth. U.S. Public Health Service bas established 1.5 mg.rr.i. of I ad per 10 cubic meters oJ air as the maximum permissible \10 nrenrration, "and. this <]uantity may be considered as a daily (lose which should not be exceeded if disability is to be prevented," The hazard tt':l the health of jet engine maintenance personnel stems from the use by the Nary of ethylated gas-

purpose. When availablecgssoline of- the lowest octane raring is used. and since 91 octane is frequently stored for use by SN.r" and (7[hectype alrplanes its low COSt also favors irs use in [er ai Kraft. However, it i not uncommon to fiud 1151145 octane gasoLIne used in these e-tl~~nes. Navy specifications provided for 4.6 cc of tetraethyl lead per gaUoll. in g.asQLine of 91 octane rating and shove: 80 octane gasoline bns a much smaller quantity possessing 0.' cc per gallon. Since 64.08% of tetr-fl,ethyilead is metallic lead, II is obvious that -a conslderabh: amount of til is SLI bstnnce rnay be extruded in the exhaust of the jet engine. There exist rruUly ditte:1'cnt"es conce.miog this matter between cnnventrona1 and jet aircraft. Tn he latter rase, greater sign i[icance must be attached to the problem for a number of reasens, TIle jet eogine uses three Dr foll.! times the 'l~lantity 0 fu.cl used in piston engines and also the area 01 the engine wh ich is coutaminated by the fuel residue is much greater in jets, of the Fscaly deposiT insteadinusually flaky or seen ccnvenricnal eL1giocs, the edirnent is Found
UflTHBRMbllS, 35

range from a trace upward to 3 [hickness of one rhirry-secoud of an inch oc more with the weight of rhe sedirnent amounting in some instances to a rew hundred rams depending on the lengtb oJ engine fWlOiog time and tile (lo-antity of leaded gas01ioe used. It wn also found that the particle size of ~he powder varies on the average from one to four mkrons, In compos inon, lead sulfate appea,rs to predorninate, having a percentag-c of from 52 to 62 f,e:r cent while lead oxide comprises the remainder of the deposit in the amount or from IS to 45 per cent. II ran repdi/j' be seen r/J'II the overhaul I}I jOlt nl!{i.tuu I{JiIll, leaded gaJ()IlIIe tlJ 11Ivl w,]! pi'eUmf a l,mM,JIIJ of ,ra.[e}f,lIttl"tJiflg per.l'lnllel irom tb» dangel'

a/ iugtJ,Ilin/1 le.:d



re~lOurd from tbe i!'11thun b_ inbsletion, the rout» regarded " «s being tbl!" 111(11"(:

However, this avenue of entrance into the body t be considered', and perscnnel should Pit aware of the dangers DC remaining in the line of exhaust hom the standpoint of the inhalarion of lead particles. Shv{I {ie"HNm,>/ pal·/i. mIddy 11i1/11 realize ,bat HIff!rJ/1ilJf1l1'il/.rtn ali! ,rhop i111d bf1lJbil1g lhe J(J/IJ II/


to adhere teuacieusly IL has been determined at Pratt & Whitney amount of deposit on

Aircraft that the en ine parts may

~o the surfaces. by investigatiens

COLl!Se. i best accomplished by the elimination of leaded gasolroeas a fuel for jet aircraft. A noted previously, this is not desirable from the viewpoint of carder operations. However. in e overhaul of jet airptsnes occurs for the most part at shore activities, it weuld

work benches wilt t etu! 11'1 dIJ!M'U !INlil in tlJe dir. 'The solution of tJ'i is problem. of


Restricl:c(/' be quill! possible to insure a supply of non-leaded ga soliae fer all 'bore bases. nus would be preferred to the lise of kerosene and similar fuels since no clU_[lg~in the engine governors would be required when the planes were based Oil a carrier where only high octane gasoline is available, Thus the transfer f planes from hore to ~hlp could be effected wirhour Jdny. And Tote carrier operations are conducted on a windswept deck where personnel lUI' not Likely to be in the line of exhaust, the hipboard danger of lead intexic tieu i considered be nesligible, plaints of indefinite symptoms of inaigestion, abdominal di tress; muserlsr pains, loss of sttength or vague nervous disturbances all for complete. blood counts and a mare thorough evaluation of the individual. Thus far, preliminary rudies and examinations have failed to reveal a case of lead intoxication in the aforementioned development quadron, and at Pratt & Wbitney Aircraft sa.fety 'precautions have been considered resHANGAII DECK WORJ(EIlS MAY TOUCH LEAD SCALE ponsible for the lack of evidence point· ing to abnormal lead absorption among !llg"t su.rg{..'011 ull the subject of lead ~. ~ their workers, p<li~oo have been gIven nod ,aiety measures One should not lose sight of the fact emphasized. Whllo practicable, jet l).,ircnrFt that lead may, in some instances, act will be faced .0 that jet exhausts will flr1w as a potential pOlson to those engaged "(1 the lidJ rathl'C t1l~f), '-10 the Ilig~ll line.
!'l~.""rd ana under th is condition the pls Ol'S arepninted towartls the field, Line personnel Me cautioned not to come within }O 'eet of an opt'r"ting jet eXhjlu~t nor rlo e trl II hot ta.i [pi pe, Covers willi be p faced on taiJpi pe.~ when engines. are not used so that {he after parts of llie ~nglnc will mIt be touched, In the fet engine shops an exhaust fUll is tu be used 10 allow fot the elimination of cuntuininated nir 11!Id all cleaning will be done with a varuurn cleanee, the disposal of this waste Oiling cond.u~ted under .supervision. Wo(k benches "-I'~ to be covered with hnuleum (n orde ttl pto\,ide the smooth u.rface nci;Cssary fQt Ih'orcnrgh delining. The s rubbing of engine parts containios the lead dept) 11 is to be cloot' uur-cf-doors by personnel wearing respirators. Posters ernpha i;zjng proper hygiooe su ch as. frequent washing !>f hands, daanSiJ1g of linger nails, and wearlng clean clothes are tt> b" plj[ced kll the 'hop. Blood examinaticns tUtlSi5tin.g of bimonthly blo J mear on iet plane handlers all d rnn nthl y blood SqlCll f. 0 n those work 109 In iet overhaul will be routine in ill effort to note changes in tile eount 0 stippled red cells, foc by llsing Unna'snlkaline tnetbylene blue starn, basophilic ~tif'pling is fQund in


and urine examlnatiens appe:tr to be of .great value in the hands ofome ~tnd of dubious value in the hllfld:r; fijf others, It is assumed that proficiency in tefhl'lique i responsible for r.he clifferenees. According to Gsadwohl, "it is believed !:bat basophilic punctatien alone does not proye the case." There .l1ppears to be ,geoef';ll agreement that the hi,tGry. yrnptoms and a consideration of the entire blood picture is neces,~:lrybefore establishing the diagcosls of lead intoxication Since mal I quantities of this metal if assimilated ovee are· latively long period of time will produce ~mp'f(,)llrs, ~ efforts s~ouJcl lie made to ~redllde this eventua!lty. In it development quadron whose complemeot wiH be 28 jet aircraft pessessiog "6 engines. the Following pte· veotive measures have been instituted:
A liJe has been opened containing cards with rhe names 01 all personnel both shop and lint" whose dudes ate ~Mmllall)' C\)II. cerned with [et planes, LubMatof' studies und pertinent irrfMmlttiun will rewnk-d

liysiene and is unreliable

measures should be instituted, The dinical tii.ggnosis of incipient lead intoxication is mo t difhmlt until fairly clear cut symptoms are manifested. Theso-called "lean line" on the gum. is seldom seen in those with good mouth

P line

Oll THIl

present. J10we (;1'1 On.certain here stations where erbylajed gaso-

is used




Loaded gUll.,

or course,

are n 1"I10ce $critltlS

best. Blood

and to individuals working in the overhaul of conventional uiJ:crafl engines. 10 the former in taaee the. organic lead would be assimilated through the skin and prophylactic measures should be directed toward the a oidanec imrn~sing the hands in this type of fuel. In the. latter case, however, personnel may corne in contact' with the sediment containing lead which maybe found in exhaust stack. ~lod on the fuselage immediately aft of d'tf'se. stach .

in the handling of etbylatr::d gasoline


B Illty

tne,relatively small q~n. of deposir as compared WIth that found on jet engines, routine studies en engine overhaul personnel may not be nee sac}'. Nel1et·thl!leH1 repilaJed II,rmbi,lg of tile hall/II a.n.d hlJ.fJrh¥g Ih.'ff the sbop« are cI~a'l1ed ulitb
~CAUSI' of IIi1ttmm rleal1e1'J would rerlam/y al'peai'

to be Itlfficient to pretJllnt the. ingeJtlol1 amI ilth,ualir)11 of lead. dll.rf. In ~ny ca. e. maintenance _personnel should take cognizance of this .hazard: awareness of the insidious aspects of this disease will do much toward elimin.:Iring· its potencial harmful effects,. It therefore seems evident that in order to f're\fen~ lead poisoning [rom becoming it problem in the Navy. safety rneasu r should be restituted wherever

1 smears,









granule and the detection of a hundred 0,1' more !itipl' led cells per million should be: reglUde.d with suspicion. AIJf com-

urn as Weigh!":; only show the coarse





118MI page)




WINO OYER D.!:'1lK Will








page: 19)

leaded gasoline is used in jet engines. In addition, the exisrcnce of this health hazard should serve liS un impetus toward the adoption of non-ethylated gaso!tne as II fuel Ior all shore-based
jet aircraft. Ediror'J NoU: Je1;50pu~ting on nav ...t


In the picture with him -are MSgt. chief; 1Sgt. Floyd L. McAJJister, line chief; Lt. Col. Howard A. York, CO of V"rv-ZJ4; M:;igt. Milton H. JfJllCS, engineering Chief; SSgt. Kenneth M. Winters. plane raptain of the aircraft with the most hours. One pilot, by making side bets with Blers of otJm" "quMrons, collected $5 on the record attained. Another, Capt. John Skocidt, collected 94 heors in. his log book. The squadron expected to pass 2,700 hour. by the end oJ March.

James H. McKay, lading

air stations will burn JP-3 jet fuel which has no [er~rarbyl lead in it, inlltend of g.:tso'< line, as the presenr swrtch-ovet to ]po3 gnins momentum .• Becau.~e of the impracti· OIbility oI having ;'I JP.3 fuel system and a gasoline "Ystem on a ca"ri"r, those sh.ps will continue H' sroek gasoline since propdlered attack planes will nor burn JP.3.





RO -

The Marines'




/;u'/J squadron,

olornens during the war, set what probably wac a peacetime record for fighter squadrons for flight hours. Plyillg from dawn until 8 p.ra, daily. V"I,F'2H logged 2 .• 000 fiying hours in the first three weeks of Mardi. 111i's total was attained by 32 pilots. in 22 Corsai rs, only 16 of which were a-vall. able daily owing to overhaalschedules, All flights were tactical training hOp5 in which gunnery, night: navigafion and battle tactics were domieant. A 10Q,? safety record wa rnanrained throughout.



Distrid Shift Made




Weather Moves To Alameda
Economy 5hi·ft Boosts Station's Staff NAS ALAM:I3DA-N a v y Weather Central. which forecasts weather eondlticns for the entire eastern Padfic area, has moved from the Federal building in an r~anci$Co to thilS air starion. The move, combining with - NAS ALAlIt !M serology. will save the Na.vy $14,000 annually and eliminate duplication et effort, Twenty-six officers ami men were transferfed, brin.,ging the staff to 60 pers0os. Weather Cecrral makes broadcasts twice daily and durIng storm conditions makes [our forecasts, Information to and Irom the weather .'itatioo is relayed from ..anadil and Mexi 0, as well as to vessels 140[) miles west into the Paciii. The activity also makes available to pilots cross-sessional maps for

Sufficjent funds had been allotted the squadron to carry out an extensive training program during th e cur een t fiscal quarter. Fog bb.nkded El Toro mo l of January and February, however, and prevented flyill-g more than a few days. Pilots were determined to fly 2.000 hours JUIiog March so when th~ passed that markat the end of the third week it called for a celebration. The pilot bought a cake for he enlisted men who had made their record possible tbro,ugh excellent mainrenance work, and invited MGeo. Field Harris, comrnander of firsf Marine Air Wing, to rut the fits! 51 ice.

State5 Tranderred Match Army, AF 5J iglTt changes In .the. stales .in~ltldl'd in tlle lO naval dlstncts within the United tates have been announced by Secretary of the Navy Matthews. In the main, they coincide with the boundaries of the six Army and Air Force areas, with the exception of the lower part 01 New Jersey. hie is transferred from the 9ND to the 4ND. with headquarters in Philadelphia. The state of Kentucky, nOW in the 9ND, is b:ansEerred to the sND with headquarters in Norfolk. Cbao,ges Were effective 1 April, Last September New Mexko was changed from the 1 I NO to sND. The lower part of New Jersey remains in the 4ND and the upper part in th


• ARTIl A '!lC05l'IA-5/Sgt. Hrin ha f'tlT/ected a devise fQr the removal 'NBf JRS IOId mount bushinga. n CQn$i!ft~ of cutters and a hydraulic piston with 3ttJIdung


11ell ds for fordng (l1e bushing. With ll:Lis ~quipmeDl, lord mounts call PI' removed and inserted with the engine en the IljrLl'~fL
Drnwings request, and ph~tQgraphJ; an: a\'a.i.Labl~

destinations a~ far east as Portland,
Me.. and west to Pearl Harbor. GCA 1101( SCORE

ll'~" H,,, third ~tra~hL ""<Jn1Jh. u ,,1 GOA hm<ilnglt ·"e~ a new reeord fo. l.h~ Na'l')l t.llidnt F~b!·W\"I'. A total of 116!l pt.t""" -"'OfF b"ou~ht. In ",Ium GC.<I. wa ."qui't"iI---<>r else. 'l'b. _'SCQre for Dc ce mllJ!' wu, 47(; liud .1UJJu .. ry GH. !'ebrun.ry .I!.PJJrottq.h" •••••••• 10,58.6 'I'<)t"t RlIllr"""h., 323!1()'3 W~brulU'\' "h.\~hi,Lrn~\ j. ~.. , ~5.9 'T~t~1 trlHtl'U;"'''''( .,......... lll,O-lS

frnt IlJcdll&il(1f1 Iler ;011 of tb« -lIt'1' 1 neuiest JI!I Chaar F?U CtIl!aJ~, "flH it rolled of! 141J,nJtfnbiy line a_' DtJUtJ.J, Texas, ~hllt_) like pitot u,hl!.t on tbe nose I:l1rdtl'IIli).1 rTI 'he tbree e.xpermll!lIfal PfaJlI?~/;p.dt Of toe ",,,,.). tbe prOd'lfCliMI model 1I1#.f flown {IMl Hensley field. Tbe CIltLtJl IJ !1f)we,-ed. b.y 1:WO IVt'JI· itj_g/;(J1JJe J-.:3-'iltTE·J2 yen w/I.h ajt«rbllmeu (wi iJ the Nfll'is lim lwepJ.l;ttck 11-""* fighter. Ch"'ICe- Vought IJ rliJ1 h!Jild/wI. FIf· .J liiglilji:gkt~·u al I1S Dat",; Pt.lIIl 10' Ul!- hi the fleel, VQlIghl


If" r:




Gets Planes



'have no trouble accustoming themselves INITIAL shipment of military men of the Dixmude, wa orgarti2ed equipment to W'estern Europe un- only two weeks ago to slog for the LO the aircraft. The pilots who are trained here will der the Mutual Defense Assistance ii>ro· cceaslon. be sent to various units of the French gra-m was loaded on board the French American officials attending the cere;tircral1 carrier Dixmud« on March 8 at monies included -our congressmen: Re- Navy to pas on and instruct other pilots Pier 7 of the [orfolk Naval Base. presentatives Thomas S. Gordon of III i- in the methods of handling the Dew The shipment, which consisted 01 48 nois and john M. Vorys of Ohio, both planes. Allhough the shipment of aircraft is Navy Hellro: fight'eu- and Heltdiver tor- members of the House Foreign A1fair~ pedo bombers.>;",as presented to the Committee; and Representatives F. Bd- oor rhe first to go ovetseas-e-shipmenrs Frencl1as. the statt of the United States' of ssec's (NANE\VS~ December 1949) ward Herbert of Leuisiana and leroy billion dollar progrWJ to ai d in the Johnson of California, members oJ the were made co Greece during Irs recent Gght against aggression. ltebeUion-it is the first or,gani2ed arid House Armed Services Committee. According to John H. Ohly, Deputy Other AmerIcan dignitaries present trained cadre to be sent to Europe under Director for MDAP, this will be the were Maj. Gen. L L. Lemnitzer, USA. rbe aid program. Other equipment to "opening guo in a war against aggre . director of the Offic-e of Military As- be sent includes destroyer escorts, tanks. SQfS wbo are trying to bleak down coosistance, lind John Y. Millar of the and armament. and will be sent tofidence in the .Atlantic Pact and control European Bureau of the Department Netherlands, and other countries. the world." tate. }lck K. M-cFall, A sistant Secretary Officials of the French embassy were Farmer-Pilots Visit Navy of Stale for Congressional Relations, Jean Daridan, acting: French Ambassasaid, in regard to the shipment. that it dor to the United States; Brigadier GenPensacola Has Week-long Exhibl1 takes on added importance because it js eral Charles Lnuzin, Air Attacbe; CI1P, NAS PENSACOL.,I.-AboI,lJ 600 flyin,g "another important development ill the fain Georges Cabanier, French Naval flumers from: Illinois, Indiana, Wisco!)· welding of 11 group of (fee nations into Attathe~ Lt. Cdr. J~ Perrin, Assisrant sin and Michigan landed their littlea Ingle active force Ior peace." Naval Attache: Christ tan de Margerie. planes at municipal airport here, to Conn-dor of Embassy, and Captain The party of dignitaries, who arrived spend a week seeing how naval aviation from Wasbington at Norfolk were Maurice M_ Amman, representing Gemworks. eIaJEly. Senior French Office! of the greeted by Rear Admiral R. O. Davis. Last Alllgust about 300 flying farmers USN. Commandant of the Fifth 'aval tandin.!J Group NATO. visited the tation. Bolli groups were District; Pierre- chmltz, French CO[lSW Captain Cabanier confirmed Ihal the quartered in the barracks and ate at the at Norfolk, and Pierre Dupont; French Di.~mfld(!, an American-made eVE. origmess. While heJ:~ on Marth 18, the consul in Washington. inally lend-leased to EIl8land will Jeli- farmers were taken aboard the CIJbo/ to ver the planes to 'Bi~erte. North Africa. Following ceremonies on the pier, witness oarrier qualifications, visited and from there they will be flowl'l to traininll exhibits and ground smool members of the official party, headed France, The carrier will then return to classrooms. visited Corry field to see by Vice Admiral Peli'!l 'B. Stump, USN, the United States for two more loads of ro.p. fire fighting demonstrations, a Cosnmander Air Foree, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, conducted an Inspection of the aircraft, Jet Byaver and hellropter demonstraAn extra week after the loading cere- tions. The Blue Angels also put On a Dixmlldr! J crew on the fli~ht deck of mony was required for the training of show for rhern, the French carrier .. A Prendi Marine honor guard was the French pilots to handle the p,lanes. vp.~ --.:0"0 after arriving at Argrnfia placed in front of lhe planes loaded Field carrier landings were practiced at during the official ceremony and now the Marine Air Station. Edenton, N.C. htlm i!S hurricane-cha ing duties at Miami, this squndrun wa lI,ylng thousands of p()ul!.d· bearing the tri-cclor insignia of the Captain James H. Flatley, SN. As- of mail to S,AF personnel lit AfB Nar· French Navy. Following the inspection sistant Ch~ef of Staff for Vice Admiral sarssuak, Greenland. The lift helped take of the sailors on flight" deck, an a Stump. said that the French airmen the lQ~i! off MAT doting a1ristm~s season "show aptitude above theaverage" fat !7apell-a choir sang four selections. The and gave squad ron pilots some Arcric~x· ",!lnir. ~~cll){ over 40 o£liclll's and flyiog and dua he thought they would perience 001 obtainable in w.mny filoridl!.












datory, but the technical not-e permitscornrnanding officers to put the words 00 if they desire. When Marines at £1 Toro began ref1il:ioting all of their planes to con form to the new style, they reported it wa
the first major change

i~'1 the


of Marine aircraft in 15 years. Among the Erst planes painted were two new F!)r-~ jets, just received from the factory co replace the TO'l S.hootilll[ StdfL ..he t
Navy directive allows painting of the

quadran number on each plane-a system abandoned before the war for

eon ri ty reason s.

Ejec:tion Seat
Movie-Checks Pilots



Jet fight-ff
to know mere their emergency


who would


on the sidewalk. In front of them Il. parade oJ floats, marching men and bands was p~~ing. Overhead a formation of Jets whistled past "Oh, look at the pretty Air Ferre planes!" one YOtlog_stec told her com-








That sort of thing is all right-unless planes. To end the coo-fusion and also act ~ a

lhey ate NllVY or Marine
clete:rreat on pilots

the following standard series Of sizes: 12, 16, 20. 24 or 28 inches, The rudder will continue to carry the ll:l111e of the station or squadron to which the plane i attached. If neefs-llcr. any markings such as the national aircraft insignia, unit aircraft numerals and the like already' 011 the fusela,ge can be moved Forward On tbe _plaoe. The model designation,
servi e marking and erialnumber may be moved aft of the stabil izer leading

so by viewing II. new training film. n,fmgem:-y Elcape by Pilo_t Ejecfir.m, just completed by BuA"ER and the Naval Photo Center. The 1 I-minute film, MN-fi703", has been distributed to all film libraries and can be secured from them. It explains the workiogs of the 'ejection seat in an FH-l- Scenes for the movie were shot fit NAS El. CF.NT1\Q, Calif., and at NAMC PflILADIlLPH.LA.

about how to operate ejection seat can do




tempted to nat-bat on routine hops, BuAIlR has issued 11 technical note that plgnel: eilil ha,'c t,he word "NAVY" or "MARINES" painted in up to twofoot letters on the wing and fuselage, The word went out that planes may be p_ainted in the following manner

edge if necessary,

for better identification ~

Fl:JSELAGE-The words "NAVY" or • 'MARINES" just forward of the

empennage on both sides. Letters will
be the largest possible size Wllkh can be accornmodated 0(1 the aircraft. of

WING-Lettering on the under surfate o.{ the right wiog, as viewed from in front and below the plane, will be "NA VY' or "MARl-NES" as appropriate. letters wHl be the brgest pos· 'Sible :siztl, 24 OE 30 indies. Unit Identifying letters and the unit airaaft nurnerals shall be moved inboard, comrnensurate with symmetry, and reduced to 1(:/, in ize. IT station or, squadron id(:ntificll:tiDn is applied, La lieu of U,e unit identifying lerters, on the under surface of the dghr wing. the size of the Ietters shall be reduced to 16n, Ii necessary, eh is lettering can be on two ) ines it the station has a toog name like "[scksonville" or "Los Alamitos." tC two

Wed Coost MarltfeJ ft1mll'y h,zt'r 'rce-il'l,d ,hei, F91' Pl:1l1lhl!1'-l. lr the pIClilre "b()I'~. LCrA. Puu! J. Po'Wall", CO 01 VMF-3lJ.

Ihc 0111, Milflllr

{4/ 1<flltldrol!



1'OIf!f. {!lal1~i

bif frill replac« ibe Shin III 1/111;(/1 get their Jraining

I/ew Plllliher.


moore rbim 2(1) ft~ ,pi/o't.r al1d itill at 81 Tora, Calif.



Anti the bcttom line centered. TIle nstional aircrsfr inignia
underside of


Me used,

the hyphen

III emitte

on the the left wing can be moved outboard as far its necessary to aecommodate the tation er squadron in ignia.
The new system
0_[ pttint:ing

DLlringo "IfIP'. N,w,) easee», h~ raises bir Nf!.ht hlllla "lIId JlwearJ ra Ihht{!,J ,,' /"" I-N


lline-s, Ht?tIf'IrAdfll.l{}im II. C,lJ1jidy,DeNO (Air) is JU'f)rlt iii a» R member (1f NA(;A hJ
[ohn fI, stUrt-edr

ti ying names on planes is [Jot man-

V>'Il1m. Juhll



D, Eric

irr,'t!afy,He, IV Ihl{ {II/,J!.







Pilot Makes Like Monkey
VE PALAu-Rcmernb\;l[ all the exercises and gymnastics you had 1'0 do when you went through tJllining? Prerty serenuous, wasn't ir? We:ll, rhere's one pilot of VC-2+ who doesn't seem to mind it II bit' in fact. be specializes in the tope climb, Duciog recent c-!laier qualifications on the Pdllilll, J\1ido, Frank E. Toy made live btndin_g$ in his TBM·:!S and had started toome around on hi sixtb when the trouble 'tatted. He came in low in the groove, corrected slightly, but still was low when the LSO gave 111mthe cut. He started to chop the throttle. changed his mind and poured on the coal. intending 10 take a Waveeage of the 20 nun. gun sponson and held the pLane in an almost inverted position. Pilot Toy found himself haJ'lging upside davin from his harness with nothing under him but (old-very coldgreen Atlantic. Sensing that :'J swim would be slightly undesirable, he waited until he was thrown a line. He tied it secU1ely inside tile plane:. Hanging onto the rope, be unfastened his. harness, flipped over in the cockpit, lind made like a monkey down the



line to the hangar deck.

Later, the arresting gear cable was slipped off the tailbeck, the left wheel removed, and the platte dropped In to the water. off. However, the TBM' tailhook C:1ught Pilot Toy does not contemplate aoy #5 wire and the plane flew into the more public deraoasrrafions of his Pj!)rt mtwalk and started tQ faU over gymnastic ability in the Iurure, but the side, Tho left wheel aliGht the feels that t;limbin,g can be quite an art,





. _-




Adak Gives VR-5 A Sendoff
Ton of Snow Buries Aleutian Offices VR-,; SlAl"rLE-When this squadron closed down its operaticns to the Aleutians, it did 0 with a bang, tt. H. J. Forsgren, officer-iIH:batge of the Adak detachrneat, was sitting at his desk a few clays before the end came. He looked up IL11d noted that the window of the office suddenly had become blanketed with snow. Seconds Later witb all the sounds of impending doom. the window glass was shattered, Papers scattered he1te.r-skeltl't sad a(J fey blast sWc:j t into t1H~ erroe-warrn room, quickly followed by an estimated half ton of new snow. Digging his' way o.I.JJo[ the snow drift and seatrered debris, Forsgren noted the storm had departed all quickly as it came. Invesrigation showed the devastation was not caused by some rare phenerneaon of nature, but by a L'lfge rotary snowplow which bad passed the buHding, catching the office windows in the sights or its artillery-like exhaust snout.






F3D N~ght Fighter Powerful
r;:dll>l"~ N'Ito::: L;Hl~ bn.s been ..aid ,\b-ollt th~ Navy' .s "",w night"fi!d>wr. the FaD. In the t",!~ ot
I"wiil&: 1!.etlele

the D.;ui\"1t

IlL li.


"n"""~,,le<I t""ture."r [he tw",m .." loet,.

Ei S"lI'IDldo, Vlu.nt.


ehleI engin"""


N planesfighters are to.toclass of them int:l!oded intercept en" night and bring


emy illrcrafE at

mission ClIfI fighters have 1ighter5. The Was deSigned night fighter is (If thr;:6 rst vintage of i:t-p.r0relled nig~r fighters. The principal dlHerence betwet:n day and l1i~ht flglttcps is that night fighters must depend upon a large amount of radar equipment for vision in darkness and adverse weather conditions. 'TIllS usuillyrnl.'lse:<: iocceaS!l'd weight and Io.wered performance, as eompared with day Il,ghters. 1Je"'"pj~ the penalty of t:adat-we;ght, theperIormaoce of our nigbt fighters must be superior to that of bombers developed during the same period. in both .friendly and enemy countries. A!1)'thiqg Less would be unacceptable. The FJD was developed with such per~tnma[]ce in rnfnd. Conceived ill. lSl45, thePJD was: developed to operate against high periorman.'ce bembersexpected to' be in evidence ill the early

down before theenemy's be ~u_1fH1ecl. Most night. been converted from day FaD _Sky1might, however, by Douglas strictly as a from Lbebeginil r[]g and

TWIN .1034, JETS: PUSN $1{¥I(N!QHl




The orighial ~pecification For this ail(mft came as somewhat of a sheck to the designers. High $peed requirements appeared to be completely incompatible with the requirement of a two-place cocl..-pit aersngement and a large space
forward of the.

ments egwpment, crew, [nell and powerplaots that .the final arrangement of the f$P was chosen. Tbe Navy"s. wisdom in establishing s,u<:l~ eXlLcong desigo ce<l')iren;'enh has, dunng the pitS~ year of tesUng, been well preyed. since it 1m5 been amply ,de'mQrutr:ited tha:f thf;! ;rirplane, cengiQC;

co£kpit required for electronk o.igh'l': fignting equipment. It w-as o(lly a£:t~t uying many, arrange-


for fhis particular arrangement. 'The and radar cornhination can. o~erate .sueceSiifully above the 40,000 foor ald- power plants are so mounted In the tude level for whicb it was. intended, _r.u~'iel3;8ehat after the removal ef eowlt in.g 'they can be Ioweeed jo handling In most respect's the airframe proper of tbe flD is relatively cen¥entionaL, trutk'$ with a standard bomb hoist. This employing a lat.ge percentage of 7SS arr~n.ge:menr makes possible a compLete aluminum alloy and details of'constrccengine change time of only 60 minutes. tion weU proved on other Douglas HERE Wf.S much (ODCCm originally models. over the- possi.ble loss of intake 'A nose wheel 'type la.oding gear was chosen for mcreased stabUity end ~nfety duct and tail pipe efficiency besause 0·( the semi-flush nature of the air in·duriRg speed take-offs and Iandlags. rakes and skewed 1\.X15 .of mil pipes. It An :a:ux.iha.ry tail wheel was added to was found, however, llitera considert tail structure daJ]'lage durlo,g able amount of wind tunnel testing, land.in'gs. AI! landing wheels are rethat .it was possible to obtain normal tractable and hydraulically operated. dud and mjl pipe till'!ciendes with these Sp'ted brakes simi~.r to those develarrangemenrs. eped on the AD SJeyraider-typeajr_plrine extend from the aft part of ,the Cabin pressurization and <:oolio,g is fuselage by means of hydraulic aetup!0vided by tin AiReseatCh expansion ater::;. rtlrbi.oe fed_ by the engIne compressors 1\Jl noma! fuel is housed within the feeding iaro the cabill. fllselege above the engines aft .of the nHi cockpit hd:s the ~avy standard pjJo~l(; cornp;Lrtment. Auxi:liilly fuel is lIrtangemen~ except for sicle-by'slde carried in drap tanks undemeath eaeh seating. AU instruments and !pnneis Me wing near the folding jomt. Consicle:r· indirectly red-Lighted, with all seccadable HlOlJght was given the installatien ary control handles rC5embli-llg the cornof wiag tip .tIl.nks. They were decided ponen t they operafe. li.gn::irut, however, owing te the serieus - Acrodynrunidsts wilt pXQhahly shudp. roblern of obtain ins, the necessary. der at the ku,ge flat windshield, tlut after lateral .('ontrol with one tank ,empty, te.sting many <l.rrangemeors.,. it was «,IIlthe increase io wing weight: resulting eluded that the windshield chosen offrom (anding loads with tanks full, the. fered the lowest possible drag to meet Ji.dditiomil, cOril'plicatlons: of fQlding all requirements, Indudin;ggul'l-sightwings with tanks full, and the probJem iog and night vision. of flIUng tanks when wings are folded. Aero-medical stud ies of tbe FolD Two Westinghol,lse J-311 engines were quickly showed that it would be imselected as the most suitable engines p05sibll;! to bail Oul; of an airplane of




Restricted this performance in the usual manner WIthout Lnjury 'to the oernpanrs. Jettisonable seats were first recommended and considered the solution to the high speed bail-out problem. Jerri· enable seats, .however; involved additicnal objectionable weight. COmpromised the seating arrangement and equipment, 'and had the disadvantage of requiring the cockpit enclssnre to be sliding and therefore more subject to p~essucizal'ion troubles. Improved methods of egress were studied at great length. eral have been improved to [he poiot where the flD is comparable in Imlny respects to contemporary day Eghters. Tests have in.dicated. that it can successfully intercept any high altitude bomber that may attack thiscountry during theF"30' normal llfe spa.c.

Navy Ready For 1951 Year
Complete For Expected Budget The Navy has completedi"ts pH:tgram of redlJcing ship~ and squadrons so that it "rut itself to size" several months before. the new fiscal year begins 1 July of this year. Only one a.;I" groLlp remains t!D be eliminated; then irs groups will total 8 instead of the 14 with which it began fiscal 1950, What size the Navy actu· aUy will be cannot be determined until Congress votes the money. Lasl year the funds were not appropriated for several months after l July so the N{tvy had to operate 00 a series of interim aulliorizations. The 19.51 progr;1.J'O call.s Ier large carriers ~O be reduced from 8 to 6, but the Navy has been given permission to keep one of those slated to be mothballed because the BB M]u(Jllri is to be retired Irem full tim.eduty. Small carriers have been cut from L1 to .s in anticipation of the 1951 budget iUld cruisers from 18 to lO. Patrol squadrons were cut from 30 to 20 to (omplete the cutback. The Navy has :l: total of 652 ships and. 4.J89 planes in 0~eratin8 units, 2,18Z in supporting llctiVlti.es<lnd 1,184 In Naval Reserve units, or a total of 8,415 aircraft, Personnel have been cur lQ 38($,064 the Marines to 7 ,437. Organized strength of the Navy and Marine Corps Reserves was inrreased r ,000 to a total of 2 6,000 to ah orb some of the men bein let out.


Shifts CV To Pacific

Philippine Seo leoves Atlantic Duty The Na.\'y is bolstering its depleted defenses in the Pacific area to the tune of two eX'Ua aircraft carriers. The Phi/ippim{ Sea will become flagship of Carrier Division One when it HE; FINN.-ccmciu51on ,,:as, that ~le reports from the At1arrtk fOi duty in safest means. of escap10g at high the Pacific. '[he Valley Porge, Bag 'hLp speed would be to slide feet rust, clown- of CarDiv 'Three will relieve the Boxer wardand aft, through an escape chute. on station in the western Padfi in Its bottom door ads as a windscreen to .May, according to Ad.a,Ural A.rtbur W. break the free air blast, This system Radford, Commander in Chief of the has (llCently been tested very extenPa i6c Fleet. The Boxer, Bas;>hip of sively by numerous actual bail-outs. As GarDiv Five, will return to the West a. result it is considered not only v~ry Coast. successful but an improvement over CarDiv l~, the other carrier divi&ion jettison able sean for aircraft of this of the PlIdli Fleet consists of the esspeed range. cord carriers RadoMg Strait and icily. Provisions are made on the outer This summer the BdJaan will join the wings for carrying fuel tanks, as pre- Beer. viously mentioned, or bombs, rockets, While in the Asiatic waters, rhe and other armament devices as may Boxer participated in a courtesy visit be desi red to Increase Its utility !\tid of the flcet to the newly-recognized vt'.rsatiHty . state of Vietnam in March. Planes from Fr{)m the outset it was considered the hip flew over several cities of the aerodynamically essential that all nadar country in aerial parade, antenuss be mounted within the airVie t na mcom,prises the former plane's normal contours, This required "French Indochinese states of Tonkin. a t"Ooside.ra.ble amount of antenna re- Anttam and Goch:lnihina. Jt was recogsearch, and the development of nonn ized by the U. S. OD 7 February 1950_ metallic structures sudh 'as the fuselage nose, fuselage tail, vertical tail tip, and dorsal fin, which house various forms of antennas. While the e non-metallic structures of the laminlJ:ted Blass doth variety arc considered satisfa tory for the purpose intended. it is doubtful tht1t this construction wiJJ be used extensively j_or pari's that can be made of aluminum alloy.


of rrumy years experieaee with rnilitn.ry aitC1iaft.the designer of the F30 were particul.a.cly oonscious of the importanre of airplane re..diness for military operations, Ease of maintenance was, therefore, stressed from the sutset, and everj diMl was made- to reduce servjciJ1~ and replacement time to a minimum. In 194:; when the Skyknight was COn· cclved,caJ.a.i1utiollS showed thai' t1:ir minimum combat radius requirements could barely be met. Very strict weight c-ontrel ....iLS po ur int 0 effect, an d extra ' t!!.nhge -was provided so extra fuel could be carried in tbe event guaranteed weight· could be bettered. So successful were these eHQtts that eombat radius anti perlorml\nC'e in gen-




ujlladFJrif, Jhe [ort;gl (he lift/I! g-uy. H .. pl'ayed a /1(lff too. 'ikB this em'dlhmd, dir1J, tieed ltule MurINe metbanir, whole 1I«1II1! Il():pudj kprJ'Il![, He t/.I,1l (be plalft! raPJdlll <)f (I F4F lJ'7iMMI o» GtN/d"lrarlitl w;'en IN' <111m fighftnll [or: (JUT lioes, fie iJepl kif plant 'flying for fa_,tr Jif!ererll ,Maril11! pifmJ tf! 1/J()1J1 dl)wlf 19 j'·tP'W"u plmfeJ. He, and the IJllte rite/A-like him, deserve tJ liul a recognrId-r

Lest We forget! Oil Ihtt M.tlllorial Daj, WMt.tr tl'e (hill/! <"I ";Il~ '.llYC1"(lll ((W,i.l!T" '4tld Ihe Me pil~1,f it'D!) uion Ibe u/ar hi Ibe P/1d/ic,

"hou' Ih"







ar/! lIN e.~p~rlj hi t/Jei,








'You an)',

Trouble Shooters

tion or depend upo~ e1ectTici'ty in some respect for their function. In (act. you might ay the • ircrafl of today is a dependent ali elecrronics to keep it in the air as it is on the' cnerine and the wings of the plane. The electricity, tubes and wire behin,d those switches, meters !llhJ panel rerve e cry purpose from heating :1 pot of coff~ to doing the compllcaeed job of automatically cQmrutin~ ,J bomb release point. Wben some of that equ iprnertt ceases to function properly, anything Call happen. Early in the: war we fOLU!l.d out what tragedies can come of SUdl things. Most of us CiI,.r! rernernber the pilot who didn't gel back beCause his ZB homing device didn't 'NeW: or the plane tl1:1,(WIl:S Shot down or fired IJ,POfl by ou r own force", because his J PF failed, A vi~tti need in m'ery large ofSlm ization dependin upon sueh complex cqu~pmcnts i agrour. of highly skilled eng1l.1fetS otInl tecbmtJ~ns who ate on call !lot all time for trouble shooting a. ignmeot/i. As the use of special electron ics equipmenl in .fighting the war increased by leaps and bounds, the urgent need for such il group to aid not ClnJy in trouble ~hootin,g but in the installation, . training and maintenance of this complicat d gear became ever more apparent. Our of thi .• need was created the Airborne oordJnatmg Group ( ACG) early .in 1943 , wil:.b headquarters at' Naval Research Labnrutcry, Wa~hillg· too, D. C. Electronics engineers an I tet1'.nnicl!l.DS, botb officer and civilian. were 8'<ithe.red in a pool, trained J:5 spec.ialists on equipm nts that indicated the most urgent need and were soon headed into ~he fidd, "By f<trly 1945, lhe riumber or ~t:d1nk:illn5 scattered

cockpit, L \ViIInot have an electrical roneecfind few instruments, if that do

TeJemeterln.g ,ystetn OIl La!)ll €;wded missile getS fiual adlustments by c. P. Hedges, "UI, and NARS' field Technician [I, J, Pikul «I POint MU811; 1.,(1(>/1 stlJl 1.1C,""its Rying wil'l.!l~

throngheut the varroux combat theatres was 21). In addition to lending assistance in the hdJ, ACG was further a sigoetl the job of keeping the Fleet informed 011 electronics jnaintenunee by putting aut a series of bulletins, notes andpublleations. tenance



as the: executive


that the only information


was 11 comma


occurenee on new

many main-


Paul work no mil:sllc: si Pr. Mugu test c~nte:r

J. H. Phillips,

",nne. and Te~hnicj~~ f. j.

equiprrrents arriving :1.[ th~jr squadrons 'I'll through one of these. The four standarq publications issued were 7'1:n~Ilh.'bortJe RadlO ,Wai1/feIUttll' NOles, The A,rhol'l1l! Racim' Mahlle. 1I<1l1re 8,,1/;:11», T lu? A il'~orIJ Of EtN' i-Yical Mamtt!Jl41J(Q NQIf/J and the Dig(!}1 H I~ PAR1' that this compar tively of A'irb(~rne R'I1oJ(J "Isd Rdr!tl.1' I?u/J. small group of electronics specialWith the terrninatinn of hostilities, all ists plays in the continuing effiClcII Y of these wert' consolidareel into the oIthe Fled may be realized by those D;g~n fll '.S. Nit/Ial Atria/iOIl Elecwho understand the cllallges and ntpld tromr» which is still being published advlI.f'Ites being made in electronic a II technical, rnarntenanre ami operaequipment. Unlike 3 static and settled rienal electronics aid to naval aviation. field knowledge where books, tramSha_fd)' after the dose of the war, ing and long experience produce a the Airborne Coordinating: roup was 'roup of "old hands" ill whom conrenamed the U,S. Naval Aviatiort Elecfideoce om be: placed, electronics isa tronics Service Unit, (NAESU) and ~rowiog banging field where Ute' old wa r:etained in the post-war Navy es hand" is likfly to be inexperienced in an important srd in solving difficu.lt ru r rent meth 0 ds, ei rruits trod t eeh1ll.:amterill.Qce problems and as ~ means 11lques. unless he is contiouslly [enrno bridgi.ngthe gap that continually ~ng and keeping up-to-date . .exists between U1C receipt of new airOne of rhe alms of NAESU is te home de(ttonir::s equipments by the sssisr men working in the Fled in Fleet 1I.11d their dIe tjve and coordinated becoming Iamiliar with DeW equipemployment. rnents and methods and to stimulate The Naval Aviation Elecrronks Servthem (0 acquire greater knowledge. ice Unit i under the direction the Their function Is to provide fast and fOl:pmlU'ltljng ,offiter, LCd..r. A. J. accarate technical assistance whenever OIfl:ed upon, McEwan, USN, with LCdr. R. E.

The primary mission of NAESU 'has been resently jestated in Aviation Cir(uhf: Letter No. 94-4\.7, dated 1,1 Seprernher 1949 .mo is quoted as follow : "The Naval Aviation Electronics SeryIce Unit, hereinaftee referred to as NA.ESU, Is an organizarion e tablished to provide technkill a. sistance and intruction in the maintenance, repair and operation of electrka I and electronic equipment to personnel of Naval aviahOD activities, It is lUl der the manage· ment control of the Bureau of Aeronautics and .is located at the Naval Receiving Station, Washington, D. c."





The Navy Electronics Officers and tivilian personnel who make up the group of N AESU specialists can hardly coal! ;my place home. . One day they may be at NAE Headquarters, and two or J!hree days Inter they wiU be sh ieerins in the I y bleakness of Alaska or ·we:lting On :1 hot and humid -air field in G1Jam.

I resentedpast, NAESU at Prot cl
N I'm

Loon, Projert CfJftlllJ", Project High Jump, Proyed ro ¥ R/NldI, Project )Wmk Ox and

has been rep'

developing u lorac network in the frozen oodb_ The outcome is intended (0 be a long stride toward s-afe all' travel in the Ardic. These are but a few of the jeD that are b~jng done and have been done by NAESV Iechnioians. The advent of new equipment and its. use by Fleet units have been reflected in NAESU by repeated requests for technical as istarise, The HeauqoMters unit carries on Il con htn~ h-airHog progrlt~ to keep its e'f11:lineers and technicians abreast of latest developments and to prepare

check and [ine maintenance

more recently 0jJ(}r-atir>;l MiAi. Ten of these f&::bnicians, currently J.s$l,gned to NATe PATLHC" ''1' Rrvsn, are wOIking on Bureau of AerOllaurio;;s' project 1>11\-,;(12. The purpo'c of this prQject is to assemble material .ind devi e a staadard method for performrog preflight test, fligbr test, benrh

240-hotrr check procedure for llimrafr electroruc equi pment. In another corner of the United States, :I fidd engineer is aiding a pilotless ajrcraIt and test evaluation pro]e ls at the Naval Air Missite Te t Genter, Point Mugu, California. Further up the coast at Moffett Field, It technician is working with Composite quadeon Three, an all-weather squad.ron, where he i teaching special maintenance procedures and new cironlts, Far up il'l the Northwest corner of maintenance shops and checking out personnel in proper maintenance procedures. Soon he will be wjnglng his way to Kodiak, Alaska. to ca.rry out similar functions ill that area, At FA ETUl. ANT, another technician is assisting in revision of study course. preparation of new study material and making up lesson plans for their Electronics Maintenance course. Other things thiit have already be-en t'ompletj!d describe even further the

no· and

30-. 60·,

broad field that is covered by

project, assistance was furni hed in the installation prototype and Et8ht test evaluation of the AN/AGA-l Airborne Teletypewriter fOI J RM -1 .urcraft of Transport Squadron TI\'o. The tests were ucccssful and good two-way beletype cemmunications were experjeneed between j ir and ground during entire flJghts between Honolulu and an Fran-


In a r(;lcenJ:ly completed



Sklpp'er ,jf NAE5U, LCdr. A. J. McEwan, consults ·wilh T~"hnicjaJl M. c. Turner ill lab


the United States ·aJ NAS WHIDB'IN Isl.A:ND a technlcian is helpiqg set up

of a NAESU technician to assist in the technical evaluation of a high-level bombing problem using an electronic bombing -attachmt:'nt and the MK IS Bombsigbt St;thiliz.er. A technician who i spedldized in_ electronic bombing equipment and techniques was ordered from Ccm Fair Alamedn te assjSt in the project, A few months ago, in it distant location, a NAESU 6eld engineer helped to coordinate a joint United StatesCanad ian project (P-I'O iecr CmUfdtl) for

Officer of VC-5 tC9uested the services

In October 1949, the Commanding

them for new ssignments, with Jl ~trong emphasis upon supplymg aid a soon as it is asked for. The value to the Navy of an orgaruzation like the Naval Aviation Electronics Service Unit Iies in its extreme adaptability. It can be called 00 for emergencies or [or long-term specialists in .any phase of electronics, for immediate-length duty or fot projects demanding months of patient collection of data and. facts, So successful has N};ESU aid its parent ACG been in fuUilling thespirlr of its rnis5100 t:h:H other nations have copied its oJ"gani2alion. The British Royal Air Force, ia ,It letter commending the part that ACe personnel and publitatiocts played in coordinating the ArIglo-American eJ.ectroniiOs program, tated that it wa establ ish]ng a simjla,r organ ization.


..;i1oiluns 50\-:1050,6 udio eompass at OJaLbe ;:- done by R, S. Manny, res, 1(l.ld H. L Fesmire, All. with lech(ticilln'~ aAil

E'IoIUGtlclI, of a: new line- maintenance





and C. 0-

,·a!;,k by Te.:hnidan..R. E,. Persons. IITJI at Patuxent



'Air Boots'



that of their "brother boots," Lt. 1 M. Holland (W) is in charge of the instruerion. Elsewhere on the- training ftom,intructor J. E. Pringle l'It>1j claims that the 12 WAVE boots at NAS DlULAS are outstanding students and NAS AKRON reports that its WAVP. .reeruit prOgram is still going strong, Upon compLelion of the course l all statlons, W A,\I'£ will be assigned to l'egllla.r .Associared billets with the ing staffs and squadrons 011 either a drillI?ay or non-drill pay tarns. Maay of the new W"VE recruits are young WOJUen. like Eden Turbeville of NAS DALLAS. who wanted to joio the Navy during the wa:r but were too young. A' soon as enlistments in the Naval Air Reserve were reopened to women without previous military experienre, they rushed to join up. SR Turbeville grrtclualed from Polytechnic

most of the 27 station and uni in the Reserve chain, Already wing ~taJT and squadron commanders are.' counting. off the time when the DeW ..seawornen" will take over regular Associated Volunteer billets. Fj[~y-ni.ne W,WI; recruits are enrolled in th air boot course at N AS G-ROSS E JUi. They Bet four hours of instruction in the recruit syllabus each drill weekeod and devote the balance of their time to In-service training. AU have received specific rating symbols to guide their; advancemenr path dudng the nine months coarse. At NASDENVER, 49 W"VES in Volunreer Composite Unit 9-.38 (W) take recruit indoctrination each week. Trainins 1$ conducted by WAVEOffiters attached to the unit with Den er stationkeepers giving the word on speciulized av;iatloa subjects. Upon completion of the training syllabi, slated for late spring, the majeIity of the recruits will be as igned as v-~' with Organized Reserve units. The gr0up's keen interest in military dril], conduded volull~arily by a Marine sergeant of the Denver Marine Air Detachment, carries over into such artlvities !IS basketball and choral singil1g. PlAying ill the Women" Divisioo of the Municipal League. the WAVE basketball team placed first fOT the sea on.

for A W"'VF. recruits, isprogramunderway the Naval Air Reserve's newest boots, the. now at

The WAVE chorus specializes on Navy songs. Tbe six-months WAVE boot CQ1Wil!, started 11'1 )anliJ1.ry at NAS MrNN.E"POJ...lS, has flOW settled clown to d regular routine. Drilling, training, shots. scuttlebutt and all the other acriviries of the usual boot school are in full swing, One variation has been devised by a typeuliining instructor particularly for the WAVES (it says here)---a perfume atomizer instead of a spray .!:'l'l4n is used to j llustrare the (<1 Wi "as the speed of the Ruid increases. the .fluid pressure decreases,"
A number of the W,Wi! recruits are Clvil Se.rvicepersonnel at the fat jon. Lt. Mildred Glendenning is in charge

of the group. The coarse is proving so Sl1tcess(;ul that Minneapolis expects that the WAVE boot .school will become It permanent fixture at the station. A W;'Vl' boot school is also a gojng concern aot NAS SQUANTUM. This one ; scheduled to last eight months and- is on the usual ngo-pay basis, A pprox.i. matdy ,0 W..... recruits are enrolled, VE 11l{; 21 WAVE boots at NARru ANACO i(A are gettfng their tta;inint: by actually working; on the job. This in-service training will be clima:-rea by rl two-weeks cruise to be conducted aboard NAS PATUX£M1' RIVER under the supervision of the Distcict and true NAR'fU training officers, At NARTU MEM:.EHIS, the 15 WIIV:n recruits are receiving training sitIuiar ~o

High Sd}0oJ and attended TW for two years. She [5 now employed 1;15 an office worker nt Chance-Vought. Some, such as Jeanne Degnnn, Janl"t ?vkBride. Virginia Madden. Gwendolya Rodwell and Barbara Clark. W110 recently enlisted at NARTU AN,,· CG$'flA., are "government gids." In the picture, they appear wi l'b a .group of rated Waves who hold asso 'jated billets at the NARTU. From left to right they are; Link trainer inStruttor Abbie Wetzel; SR Madden; SR Degnan; Clare Nichols; SR McBride; SR RodweU; Dorothy powers: Elaine Linch; ally Bossen; and SR Clark, Typical of a few Wa-.'e recruits is Margaret Walker of NARTU Ml1MPHIS. She was sworn in by her husband, Lt. Harold Walker, Naval Academy graduate and fi.ghteI pilot. who is now electronics officer on Rear Admiral Marti n' s staR at Memphis. Aubrey Greenbaum of NARTU ANACOSTIA is another Wave air boot, who doubles Restricted







as it Navy wiJe. Her husband, Lt. leon Greenbaum. is a naval aviator with the Organiz~d Reserve patrol squadron. Barbara Ann Little, who enlisted in the Reserve in December 1949, jane of the first Seaman recruits to be acShe is assigned L0 lhe type trainIng deparernent at NAS SQUAN'nlM, where she was the tLrst enlisted W:we to rcpott for full-time actiev:e dllty. These, of (0\H'C. are only a £ew of the new WAVE sesman recruits, who a~e among the 645 lioListed women Air 'Re~ervi irs now training at Reserve stations rbroughour the nation. NA News Aids NavCad Recr'ulting To provide
new develepments

eluded if such <111 issue should again become available for extra distribution," Reserve in '51 1951. N<Jval Air Station, Seatfle, wiU be transferred to the Naval 'Air Re erve Training Cemmaad, NAS SeatJleGoe.5


:t January

record fM 11m,!! , ' d scheduled drill \\'lLS established QY LCrlT. L A. Nelsoll. CO of VIHlt, \v110 flew 5,00() rnlles from Shernya, Alc:-utillf) Islands, (Q patti Ipate [0 a week• NAS Gr.IlNVIl'w-A
travel to aetend tance

end drill.

cepted for ftcth'C' otlty as a stationkeeper.


station. This will bfiing the number of stations in the nationwide Reserve chain to 22 and reduce the NARJ"US to 5. During the pres{oot calendar year, Regular avy errlvfties at the station,

now operates


at the




V11A·:) at Oklahoma.
fo.rroedy in


of a ll personnel

copies o( the NAVAL AV[An~N Naws ate now being distributed regulr!rly to 1&3[') senior and junior colleges thrcugh-

the latestil:lforinatlon on In naval aviation,

to operate at NAS SllATTLli a [ter its transfer, will include the dispensary and Fleet WCllther Central continue Station • R.ound-Up
ANACoSTIA-Wlren four hi5bigh. schonl friends- [oined the M~rine' Air Reserve "t Anacostie, Private Fraok Fl. E.

indudlng' operation of the overhaul and facility, will be reduced. Regular t4avy activities which will

'va:S re~Gnllr corrimissicned. Cdr. Bennie Turner i!l CO and LCdr Massad is the c:xe(;.. Planes will be ferried from the Sl.Il ti~n ttl OklJihlllll(1. City toilet ~ month Dud will remain at Will Rusel's AfI'Port for a perilid of Jiv{'illIys (Dr AVUA fi.igbt operations, Office space and p"-'king fllciliLiC$ are being furnished by the CA'A lit the- Sight de" ..loprnenr center located 00 the field. All of tile CAA' tateS! training aids will be available [Q IIV1U/\ pilots. 10re than 80 [!iii rers and .~ en list ed Reserv ist s are ~! t ed 0 a to jojn the unit.
VAJJ 8'~,



out ~h coun try . e
As a further


ing, 20 copies elf the JanuuJ1)' issue were £0fWI.rdc:d to each .statiO,n ill1~ UO!t in l;ne Naval Air. Reserve Training Command for local disLrlbution. Several station have reported that they are following up their disteibulions with visits and talks. One report, in particular, from

spu-r to

NavC:1d recrulr-

Harris uf YMp·.!;t1 brougl1l along a descendent of the famed original M"J'ine Corps masrnr In witness tbeir- ~,f'U_rinll·jn. In the picture, this descendent, by name _cf "Jjg~;' takes center singe. Kneeling are Pvt. Harris anJ Pvt. lames M. Preuyman.
Jr., while in the second

• NAS AKRON- VP-6<; I participared ill O/Jer.l1i~1( BirdJeed, sponsored by the Aero Game Fo!-'cdiflS Cl11b of Pennsylvania, This "operation" .was planned as part ,of the lIisJlt sylb:I:)I1s and invnlved dropping wild game
(004 ever densely wooded sections where Ihe

wild fowl were- having n hue<! tune Food because of the heavy snow. • .NAS Los ALAMfTOS-Organize_d

J'inJin,g Re~e[ye



art..... 111\ ck



Pvt's Jl)hn

C, R(Jgqr~(m, Marl: C. Teo't'lY$on and W. C.
PVL Harris is tbe son of ColMel Harris .. IJSMCR, who owns "Jlggs."

D. L.

interest. It [cads as follows: "The special unrestricted issue of the
AVIATION NEWS was mailed



is of special

• NAS .NIiW 0RT•.E:ANs.-Nifl.e 0·2 airmen nppren t ices. Who wnn. out gil II. ye'ltr'!0t18

the TU,j1)i)lg. 11 Reserve desuoyer on weekend cruise fwPl long Beach til C,In Diego, manned by an Organi~ed Reserve urfnce Bauallon. The "target' was located, II surprise coordinated torpedo ;J.ml bntlihing atnick executed, and rerirernsnr -dfe,~ed with v'w-_y small "losses" 10 llntiai.ralfftlire. • NAS BRQOf,."l.YN-More tn-an 4(l Reserve lighte[ pilots ha<t f1Qwlll the new Ph{1!I!om ject5as. of 1 Much-hom Rlta.1'Admiral l.uis de Florez w ith three deeade S '(If exper] en eeto the junior ensigns. In fact., so eager huve tile boys Peen to fiy the new ~ircra h. that they ha VI:' taken time off from bu ...iness durfng the week to atteud pre-jet classes. NAS 0,,1<1..>\.$10-1\( U:l~ request of CO:!>I operations ollice, several searches have been lI<:>wn on weekends by Reservists to •


to nine fixed base opera~ors in this area, It was requested !:hat they inform this Qffic~ the retepti?o that the .ma,gazj~t

ef the flyil1S sd1Qcl~, Believe me, that copy of NdvAirNe1{'J loeked like a
six month old issue of Bl6j1111'e does

received from theie Students and VISitors.The requcst was followed up by mail and by a personal visit 10 two


ill a dentist's office. Every operator that was questioned begged to be io-

cornpetirion with ether AA groups, lerendy recei "lid, ;u;. lhei r p,,:ze, a weekend trip to Milln1i. They were judged On drill strendance, recruits brm.lght in. score;> on tem, tuhlerlc compedrions and wget and skeet shoot,I>lg. They arc shown in thl: picture with their NAS instruc(Qlls; bade row "-Me P J, Casselberry (lestrucror). L. (1. Callen· der, E, W. Hnopez, A. C. Murphy Jr., W. H_ iccl, J. D. Crawford Jr., "DC ). S. Ostatl (ins_trucWr); front row, TOt F. M. ullansbee (instru erer ) , L. L. fluj1l1 ]J'., J. L Ga5BnnO\'lI, .E. A. Jaeger Jr., and E. UmfletaI:. all :Ire set lor their Miami hop.

inve~tigate reports of unidentified submarines off [I)e 'West Cease, Fortuna!ely the results of :111the searches were negative.




B. (;nl'<lller. A )10 !Opc:mtlonl').


WONtlEl1 how many of the avfs "2 ') admirals and (oromodores are aviators? A check f BuVIlR

J~Ii" d. Ban""lme.
•r"b~ H.




M"'r'!hILII It. C re ..el', Com}·"rrWlr>Il~. ""'ft~il'Ali"''']!. R"II'II .8. J~')lnJnID>. "r'I~""d as hieI. 'Milii:"~ 1\..$I. ...lJ>.n'~e Arlv1.~.nn' <i:rOlm N!J"""I)' • Harold M, Mtlrli.n, Ohlvf NA'rl' Mernphi .. E" ..",,;t hri.ti. IV11111( 4 W. Litch,

reau of Na,v.d Personnel's

~a~ rank list

Rear Admirals

number 615 all: ffier5 and nine as ignt'd to aviation engint:crin~ duty only. Top ranking naval aviator, of course, is Adm, Forrest P. Sherman, Chief of

as of March


shows that

ont of tbn:t

the position

who are aviators, and they held as of 1 March:
['1~.;t /Ill'



"'rT' ....

.roh~ Pel"')', (,1o!JtF~.irWjJlJ!l'.~ r,,~ifw. Cur!,1-'nI,.

Alf~ Fl, lIor.o"lsI"rn-"-l'~. CO~m1'"rlrel J .. ck"o"",-tJI", Wlllillm s, Hlle.IlI, Chlef USN "<1'· nlllita"jI !<WIT U.N.
ern! Bfil1r«, NII"l' Dept,




shotT Ii: O~Ptlty ,.,1.... "'1 10 G~n-

Naval OperlltTons. The Number Two i tor is, Adm. Arthur W. Radford, Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific fleet.. Voce Admirals who are avil!to rs, ,UlJ
the held llS of March
Coml!"'~UH.ll~r '~l!l rt\!oflf1

Al,tl1'lJ" (1. Du"ia, DI,,'dor .rnll'll Si.<;1f. JO:S, F'rnnk u, Wugner. (~~m""i.mlnnl 17lh. ND. .t\lla.lik.1i SeQ li'l"Qnt If!I''.

'rhomas S. Comh~. (lnmCru"Div 42. or.Ie, ,..1 ". Chid ;,f *aJt. C<>minell L ..:nt. F'1"<'<1"I'''''1.; W. M..,M"bo",. D<jpoljf Chi<:f f 1'01'1.tI' f> """11MI and A ss istnnl- Chi~! lOf ]lul'e .... v CuI., O. (')11,\1',,)-. Con~r:·IUrQ",(m""t. ,R. Ol>yl~. ·r:rai,,;·n .... Gle.Dvi.~'W.



~a voJ



(!Jl":!~l. El'lro,,~j P


lIa nJ11<01l+
nil) to



'Ghlt1. r , C)h;~r, Nll,,:il G'\Qup AmNTPfurk .y~ ('B.-iI'"

I'he positions

S4!iH or

tll1 Ml~!I~o'n ior

Gf·OCog.e D .. l.hu"l"US. l~~rf.)n1Jer.


,I"B,"j1b J. 4.




John ll. I':riu~. VUN(). (>~rJ..:~~1 l'hw 81 Air T rllInlng. P":~R.C(lla. D.)tulld Q".I'I"".J l.. r)I1"



John W. Ik,n es, Chl~r "r l'(' ,,,I< I Ah Tf~tninll'.

R. Do Ilcarl. Cllru:mn.nil(·,· s.,'·()'1I!1 .'11,,'1, D 'NO COIl~i"li"n.l. 1'1, s.ttl1n~. i1Tl1ma1ldur 1/0("'\'. AI~ .~~,


1I"n..- S. I{""clllil. Naval Jm;VII,'IOl G<:T1t'r".I. ClLftOH A, !". SI"'rr,gu,'. COmtrllJ;mr .. ,· NAB. 111;'_ 12th ND. Ol'ller;"i t {",,,,,,, l1~ and AI""",, Sea [[lron-lie...-. G.>"''l{~ r~. El~(, l~l1l<ln. ChIvC .. r Siall' :N"vlLl l"bJ~at:!.14 l";a~j~nl AtltlnU,-k nn 1 Mt!'rIHt:fll"U,nOJ].J\ luuL

'l'qrnn"J< Fl. RnL!!'"" •• fr ... T(>i.nt' tl"ate..l<;~ go ... C""'cmJ'(~"" J cs. Wlli"rnl (~. Torrdlnsnn. Oumm., ..mh,i.· PMrjl~ D1;v'io.'on. "1A';r~. Ricllal't1 V. Whltelwall. Shm' l!l8l'1l.bn,hll"""l Surv,,}' BOll ... I, NsvOp. D'''ll~l Dt·v For. V. Gtllr.,,-y, lit Ua.l1tic, n~Ti!lW Q,mDlRl1d'n.



W,,-II:<',· ~.. Boone, COn:lO:lrtn" 5. .1.. 1:'. flolgQI', Staff. ·"minJ)h 1';11,"\.",,, AtlnnLiq an,1 M~IIiW!T"n!lan.



III h.. In"j1'"'t~"· G"n~,~'LI. T"

Ca,lvl" 'Ii. Durgin. o111"retl ". C"JUJtI"'Hl"~ [fle,,!. Thornl.l,* L~ STJl~a1fU""~CUI'l1rnn t!ljl"il' .;\ ~~. j>'Ctl'C'ol". Pa~lI1c. I;om .;!\"~fji'lt.


~lr.ll",lm j.'. Sl'hO<dr"I. C<'H'nmander em ()I" I, '",.:111",,01 l'l N A 'f p", usen t, Ral'ph .A. or,;L'ie, "'<m1I>1lr 1I.ill(,axy U"jM!Jn rmuIt)lttl>~ l<! A\'lIrn1,c .Eln~rgy CQmm~<;$i<ln.

naut lea ...

D",:.uty Gl.N C1lIJil LM. Alrr<'il M.. Pride, chj~r ~f BUfl'llll



~tu"rt H. Jrlg""",,n< AGNO (·.Strtttegic 1>11)'n01. .Eldw,,,,,,) G. E;'I\'~1l, r;<!!flNIlI'~·{,r Mnria.nll1', Com1?!~Gu .. rn anrl lto,,~~t f'.l'trnFalrWlbl,r On '. G-eneral Bu;.,.'!.

.\1."1),, oou~ek, ,\CNO

(Avl...ti,," Plans},

P. Mc.cnn'1'1ell. Member.

Weno" 11 G. S'lviU:e~, C<)tn On.D


I 0,

Navy Air Birthday 1.$May 8
Firsl Na Curtiss





birthday rtlltt that Armed Forces Day comes later

AI'i:J(IOn celebrates Its 39th on May S, bur owing to the

this 00011111, no commemorative exercises for the day when it purchased j firs! airplane in 191 t are planned, The- Na''ry bought [rom. Glenn L. Curtiss an cight-ll,li nder hip 1aile (all ed a TJIi(lt/, capable of landing on the water


air at -45 mph _ It cawed one passenger seated along ide tbe pilot, with double nntrols 0 that both could operate I-t if In the accompaFly,ing photo, taken in L,)12, is the Navis first airplane, In rhe picture, left to rig~ll. were: W,itmer. company pilot; ooper, company pilot: Dr. A. F. Zahn, Lt. J. W. McCluskey, U Me (ret.}, .'1. Curtiss mechanic,

tires, capable of being housed • bove or henestb the line of the main pontoon by the aviator during .flight-. The plane had a metal-tipped propeller de igned to push it thrOI!gh th

""Ulho" L•• Rfl..",. nrd ered " .. COIl1C...,Piv 1!. \ Ulialll I)•• 1nhnseu, A><sl"l;ant dhi.,.r. uf A-~rtm;l\ltl~~ elm.l"" f1.. Brown, Deput,,'l Dlr""(tlr, mrv All" Iwry Grout'. l,ol'illtln.
~'pIlD M..


J'OlJ1l 1\111[-


HOl<kln", Chl£t (Ii S\.n.tf, Coml\irP"r. A, Mo~bu .., .'\CNQ (AIr).

R~l,,,rl F, Hiclt.y, '"n,'F",tWil1ws .Lamt, om1'"irW1M :;" <It(' ve t ij. F[. H(,Ili. M.:NO 11'iu1d'ell Mj"li"'-I. H~r\wrl E, Rog'''I, N€lvOI) IOo·MIIlQh... 1 U. tllkk .. 1e., John 1'_ \ hlt,ney, Vi~ .my,CarUi. U.

Rulth fI_ GO<.rdwln. CbTef 1Ji Smll:. 0<11",;".,,). Lnnt, orllo".<1 to Ohiu[ <lr Stfiff, NII"ll] W~r (';,11·
h.'R~. N['.wF'OI'f.



H was fitted with engine panels and chassis and four inrerchangeaWe wing panels, covered with rubberized linen on top nod tight-woven special sail dotJ~ on the bottom. ne main pontoon and II p.ljr of balmtcilll4 :l,Jydioplanes with pontoon-:> and hyciro-sutfttwj {;J1il;bled il to !lo.1.l 011 thb
water. Lauding wheels h3d clincher

on on land,



A_ Cruise.


.l<lr Wari;,,.p,

Glenn L Curtiss, U. T. r , Ellyson. Na..... A\'lrttor #1; art. W. L Cham,j be-IS, be~d of the N:wy's- ilvia.titTll ~erlLri:rneJJt~ U. John H. Tower:;.. Mawll Avia· lor 3: Mr. Pic~(:ns, _u.rt-is company, and :\ company mechl"luic.

Pennk .1,J" ••,"I, CumClll Uiv l:r. llellJ.,r, $. C'flmwcll. N'.I1y,J At1;H<·h~. Alb"l·r
L.4cnt ..

Lon,lon. Com .... ·. H ·Tli\o~,. \fl- fit.

K. MtI .. !ht'W\~. ChI ( ,i{ -balI.

H~I·l!'.'rt S. Duckwcrr.b, I\~I' YOIOe. AJ]. fqhy, 1\1 om tI~'f1Y1t,.t'~1 A h1......... ..•.. ~.t·v

1....lnl!' M. ~'~QIll-,\O". ~)r"Nil\'.



Th~ fOUowi[lg lIiers were on thekttest


lJst for Rear Admiral:

Frllnk '1'. WILI·,J. .r~. Cbi(.j' or ~t<llT. ('0",1<',,[J" • •1"""MI1v:llI •• ~1"b.11l'd W. Rnbk N~,'al Aid. I" lje<N'I". Sbi.nl1oIJI! C. Rtllg, Stair. NanDI.Hd .... \"H l HI.


Oh"d~" Ol.l'{nv.

t:. C"".,

11.. 1• .DI"""I-or,

.'\I~ Wi\J'r"" ...



Nih'''' ,\111e 1\1

Aa,'oll P. S\'ul-l". til. TI'uinllHt, PunR!u:ola.

1'1""1\1 /lit-



who arc assi1;:m:d to aV!3engi n.eeting duty only are: Donn.1I1 Rw"~. lS"IlAcl' Ge"ll.f"Ill Rrnr,... n1.<l1,1.,.., r';"s;t"rI! DiFtrJ~1'.


F.... t'·ri"k W. lVII.n"y •• , lJo\ml1"DIl~ NAl\l , y .., phi1 ...-l 'r>hl[<.














A ...tbm· C. 1>111,,". lh&~r .h'e, nP!lri~~. L~"II"c. St.."eTl" .fomt

w~ lt"·" ...

birl .. or 51"n.


T~_I("',, • I...nll(lll!'llt. lkpul" Chler oI BurC1ltl 91 "r<)"'_!ltl~., Lurit>n M. Granl..8uA~r Gem,,,,,1 U.,pr""enl.R· t~"e. Cel1tral 0;"".;<1., l.lon! H" rri>lOJ'l. I\..-t_ot"nl hl~f. BID'''''u of

"kitl M. Bol,"'r. A"'Wnn( Ub;H. Bu eeau of JJr.,mkutic~t ""III I!:. Plhl. ACNO (A"o 1.;)1;'1"11,,,1




AF Pilot Captured

/1'1 Portrex. Landing MAG.] . PUERTO Rico-When Air

Force Lt. William R. Kimbro was "caprur ·d·' by the Marine durin Opltl'<ltiofl Porteex he was gi ven the Iull Leatherneck treatment. Kimbro's Thlll/durje.J fighter made .l




service'> usual Iy send squadrons to Aw:.ka to study celd weather OpeI'd~Ions, b.ut this past winter the)' would
have all done well to move to this
Puget Bound air station. Extreme winter weather condition gave vP·£ plenty of chance to do reeardi imp cold weather operation problems. Old-time citizen said it W'<IS the warsr winter they ever bad een, The 5itL»uio[) which: tended to make the experience e:x1remelr realistic



Wldl!\llt wing covers ,,"d' pre-beuters ,lk!'hul, broom- and 5qllt:e,g~~-15


Safety bern paramount. life lines were used In -ali snow removal operations. Parachute harnesses were 'Worn

by the men on the wings, and two lifeIinex
WNt' ltt.t







re YE


Roads. He lUI srmed gU\ird of Marines and matched off to jl1~elligence center for intenogation.
was promptl}t pick,ed up by according to plan, He itdmHteti he had

forced landing 'M Roosevelt

the harness, Wh_jdbey Island compared its ]rulUar)' winter weather with that at Kodiak second best. be.ing warmer, less windy and b:ilving far less now,

und the





not lin til after Vit:ques D-day. The 11nal straw WIIS when the pilo~ noted

"a sort of fLU1I1.1' feeling" when. 11(,' as w raptured. Both phU1t: ~mll)ilot be arne the subject of (\ jibing as only the Iarines em do. Someone with a. paint brush WEnt to work 6n the f~se1llge .of hIS shirty r'84. painting on it in foot-high letters "JOIN THE U. S. MARINES." The pilot was allowed to depart, but lhese words painted across his cu. h helmet. "Rejected-« SMC:'

was the lark o_f adequate hml,gar spll.ce. Planes wert' f meed to remain in the open weather, causing increased maintenance and opcr"t1tiona1 problems. ?Vhldl valuable knowledge of cold weather flying was gained, no matter

Kodiak Wind Shoves Tractor
VR-5 Pi'lot Has Hard Time In Alaska VR- "t. EATTLR-Fl1t-J1indccrs who uever have been in the Aieu~ians have a heard time to believe f!U),t~stic stories about the vicious winos wh ich whip across those frigid Alaskan islands, The latest Involves a plane and two tractors blown sideways on tb.:: J'IllJIWa.y by tbe wind.

how unpleasant was the experience, Spec; fie data compi1tfd concern ed useof WiRJi; covers, alcohol, pre· heaters

and other methods of keeping planes_ in a reaLly status, Also, the number of man-hours Expended and the equip. ment needed w s noted.


Gives Visitors

The Word

airt'taFt presenred an extremely tough problem. This work involved many man-hours. It was Found that while One 50JuHon provided the answer under
certain climatic

Removal of

~1'lOW 1U'1IJ

it:e (rom the

An RAD landed at Kodiak

in winds

NAS MEMPHIS-That lost feeling so familiar with transient pilots and crews soon will be gone at this station, Operarions deparrmenr lS p,ub1ishillg a

work under alhers. the temperature
Otherwise, 'their


effective if applied to dty surfaces when

it might not Wi.ng covets were below

op [0 50 knots. While taxiing, the pilot unlocked his tail Wheel t turn down the flI:x_iway to the hangar. Sharper winds turned tile plane into an embankment causing major damage -to the

wing and nose section, A tradal· and eletrack were hooked
tip to the damaged plane to tow

Geu",".u' llltaorrafion if) Pilots p!lmphlet by Lr, (jg) E, 1. Whitlock, air traffic





little benefit.
The average n1lmber of man-hours expended and the method found best uited for snow anu ice removal from a P2Y-2 type plane j follow. : 11'",md )/Jllu'___Ab'oio'6 Ircezltrg. Use 1)[ h It water U1J.l'In pressure-s- 3 mun-hours. Use \IF alcohol with brocms ulld-l'lJuees«,--6 mall' hours, Dry '!I()rJ. OIl '1i~.yufl-A/Jo' f j'c<,;;iflJ;' Swe~:ping-3 man-hours. {nil}!l4 jtl(}",,.....B~/,,P- jr~l$j,lg. V~e of wing revers untl rte·h®wr~-6 (l1",n·hQut$.


the hangar. Tbe ,gusts get so strous 111ey tore the port elevator from tJ,e plane, sheared the rivets between the elevator collar and elevator tube on
the starboard elevatcr, even with COntrol battens rtill in puce. Alone poln! in the towil\g operation, the wind caused both towing vehkles lind the plane to slide 3.$ one



The pamphlet contains infofmati0n useful to a trans.icntremaining on bOllro .;< few hours or overnight. It describes berthing and messing facilities. transpertation ervices uvailable

and off the- station, and has a milp

unit over •everal ¥atd

o.f the icy apron,

do we sleep, and what's do,in.g around here ln the' way of cr'ltertainment?"

the station. It ROSWe.r.s the inevitable questions as to "where do we eat, where

rnerneuts of terror in the hearts of the s;l-lvage personnel lest the plane and ru.ct:Of$ be blown over the seawall. Brother. that's wind ]






At very cold temperature the leather tended to crack and in addition to being very cumbersome, it was nor warm enougb out of doors in high winds. Water repellaat 'Parkas were suggested as a subsHtute with face mask:, or g()ggles included [@f wind
a. must, and a uggestion for having boots with non-skid elects inbedded in the: soles was received. Auxi\'iary 'power units ran a I'Cry ose second. on suggestions. even to the extent of advisinga unit be carried in each aircraft becausenf the short supply encountered .ll;t the bases from which the 'quadron operated. Leaving the unit attadled while starting all Iour engines was ad."iIL~ed b6;,lU e of the necessity of .keeping engine REM low so as not to put so mucb pressW"e on Gil lines. This is gtneta.l1y below the RPM lltwh ich the generators cut in. At temperatures below lOoF, it was fouod that ground heaterswere 11 neressit}' in addition to oil dilution. Here also it WIIS fcund advisable to dilute until oil pressure d topped to one Iial f thilt of normal idle R'pM rather than rely too much upon the "time coldest expected temp" method. At _20<1>P the props could not be pulled through without addi.o,g extern 1 beat even though the oil .had been diluted quire long. Engine covers (no~e hangar type) were sUS8~ted while applying external heat to the engine and are simply a nece sity when men are working out doors on the were

It appeared. double-lined

O'NciJ, Gummu the enBlrlo:.ll f the their I'II.fYoZ prior tv starting; o


from Miami,

adjust the heaters thar wurm Herman Nelson heate.:ssoj plenty usage



~lon in

VP-23. thrs

MlAM.I-Six weeks of opera-

ewfoundland and Greenland
hurncanc-hurrting squadron

from the land of pa:hJ;l trees and warm sun some new ideas On cold ""e)ltber operations. Eight PB4:\'·.z' left Miami on 4 December, stoppIng at Patul\:ent River to

draw beavy Right gear from FA


Immediately on 'arrival to Argentia, the squadron went through a program of ground training to check: pilots and crewmen out on fiying In the Acetic zone. Movies on cold weather operations were shown, lectures 8tven on 011 dilution, propeller and plane antt-ici.ng systems, high latit-ude navigation. lCA GOtnmuoication procedures and Atc:tic sul"Vival. MallY flights were made to famili:ttize the pilots with the local area, as well as hops to G_oose Bay.

Cold weather "know how" was soon accumulated £rrst hand, especially when remperarures went down to 41 Q below zero at Goose BOlYone night. Near [he close of {be operation. squadron officers were requested to submit starernenrs of their major difficulties encountered with possible 011.1' tions, Number one on the tis! of U'g.gesHans appear~d to be clotbing_ The heavy, fleeee-lined le(l.ther Right
gear which we had drawn in Patuxent


and Narsatssuak, Greenland. The Tatter 6igbts carried 5.000 pounds of mail nd supplies to those outlying Air FJ)Ltc bases. Hours flown for the months of December and January were 707. witb 209 on instruments and B5 hours at night. Seventy practice GCA Olp.fHoaches were Labrador,


ince the oil prop fealilerin.g

was gen:erally considered

in dequate.

amres, i't was suggested not exerdse the feathering clit::uit during run up prior to take-off, rhu keeping tile diluted oil in emeegen y


in below

zero temperthat the pilot


No,,), ft"ds pretty gals world o"er! 'Bulson, Buscher. Chamber13ln. ucey. M~ore~nd Gorden UK oranges, cocoanuts as lure

o 'Neil ,


w.a.s never like this, say Yoder. KiDg, Falclt. Demerast, an A:P l'>aral;lbQper, Gummo Mason, Mdaughlin of VP-ZJ


without danger of rupturing a line. in the engine, Slocetnere is such a low rate of evaporation in the priming $ystem of the present PB4Y'2, one pilot -suggested the engines be started in alternate ail' with 11 cl.lct from a ground heater directing warm air into the alrernare air inlet. thus providing a supply of dry warm air to the blower sectioa to aid vaporizstieo. Kil·frost was found to be unsatisfactoryt very low temperatures, 1 tended to congeal on the wings like wax, De-icer fluid proved more srtisfactory. Because of ttouble with moisture freezing in rnlrrophones, it was found rhat the thin rubber- covers should be used on all "mikes;" As for Ilalfigarioll!; loran was found to be quire good, The radio aids to ~vJga[iol] were good and Nocams were up to date at all time. During actual o;lVi8ation, the external lens of the drift meter £r(lljuenlly iced over, and it was considered a good idea. to pmvide some means of heating that part Qf the instrument.





the power pot'elltlal and function of the airplanes they ate handling, Recently at the request of omf'air Al • meda, a large number of F ASRoN and Air Gl"Oup!?e,rsoone! completed the <rOUISl: success-fully. The school is under the O&R depattment with Roy Williams as stat! Goordina.tOt to direct it,

Shackle Boosts Sono Loading





Two Helicopters

helicoprers have Joined the Navy's ~tab[(l ()f pinwheels, BLI.Al!lt has. p'Jtt:I'~~f'd three K·22~.Knman heliropters, 3 :5keletoffi¥ed version of wlikh is shown abeve, One will go to the Coast
Guard. The de~jgnat,icln

Tw() new

rrn-ra was a)~isned

tHo! Hiller TIl'li>:opler- shown
lion mght Lt hove-red over





\\'Ith tht Wa.~hjngton monument

forming a


NAS ALAMEDt\-It takes tl'aineQ men to ma.iJ'ltainjel engines. and this st'ntion .j$. making sure it has -a sUFply oj' them by maifltainrng a turbojet reaction engine scbccl. Originally at Livermore; the chool al AIU'meda insures that trained rivilian journeymen and enlisted aviatien pe-rsonnel are avai.lftble [or work on jets and kept abreast of rapid develcpments in the j,et field. The "related training' class tS II general supplementary training program given after hours. Open to any civilian working on the .statinn. as well '6.S sailors, it was established in response to enthusia li demand. More than 185 men here have completed the 80heur Iecru re course oc their own time, on their own initiative. In these classes, emphasis- is pl~ted on hi/ioory of jet power and theory, coupled with nomenclature and :>y~,ternS. Students attend two horus m evening, two sessions a week. Primary missioa of the reaction engine drool, however, is to train men .for work on jet aircraft. GraduaLes of this tr.1ining will mall ~round crews and O&R shops on the station. Side by side with men from Alameda -am students from Hamilton Field Air Force Base. These men will use thelr training Air Force ground crews and instructors. A full course which lasts f('J.t three weeks indnde 120 hours of lecture and actual -hop work. A prime example of the rapid pace of advancement in turbojets is the list of engines Wll~d~ have been used as a basis [or clas sworn study. The ]U'MO 004. -a captured German engine, Was first. Then Ameriean-bullt engines- followed

ha~ developed two -which increase the capacity () the 'I'8M-3 bomb bay rom $1' to 12 sonobuoys, TIllS was f!Ouncl advanrogeous during

VC·1:5- This tubular adapters

.s~uad ron

o peretio»

Mik; in the Pacific.
were made frorn lx.065 "



steel tubing,

The differ-

ence between rhe front and rear adapters is in the SPAcing. of the honks on which the bomb shnckilis ~[{ng. Apprtlllimately 2j manh curs were required to con S etu ct th e t W,I adllp1er;. No special tools vi" fIXture are required sinw l.lcge lhlerdnre!> are permissible,




b Ifllb

The {.tont aclupt<:t is $\:Jspem:IeJ


.stations 7 alld 8. The rear adapter is suspended between b",l'ib statiuas 9 and "II. four Mk 8 shackles w-e I1l!ng, {-rom Cfl-dr adapter. There are 12 rc{epwdes ill the Ie8'" numbers 1. 1, 4-. :5, 1o and' L1 were used to actuate the :sj)( $ha..;kl~" emplo-yed in carrying the six .sonobuoys for w1~ieh fIle alrrraft original Ly WIIS configured. Receptacles number . 6, 7, 8, 9 lInd 11 were used to actuate the six addiiinnal shaekles employed when the ttiEcLaft carries

1M 81CCnlJt bump



of whirh

background. The K-2'l,; has side-by-side rotors with (L 2n-h1' engine _and 2!700 pound ",ross ",·elg!ll. anu-rorque ;lill rotor and 178 hp. Franklin engine. Gros!< weight 15 2247 lbs, with threeman G'arrymg capacity, The two n-ew hel-

Thl! UH.72 has


single, rwo·b111{!cdototwjt~ r



will' be used for studies of their to Navy uses on land Mil sea.

and _H2. Present courses are given on Allison J-33 and J<IS and p&W )'-8 engines. The reliction engine seho_oJ ro-ains n .'ionebuoys igstead oJ sjx..- fOlu sonebuuys do not hang on the adapters. mot only crewmen, but also many Navy • NARTU B.~TTU-VMF.216 conducted and Marine pilots. It Ius been proved a Joint exercise with the toad :Nav;)] Reserve that the men llyIng new jets tire better urface Unit, whiih o_pe.ra:t~da DE from lilt'[ if they have a foil knowledge of eatrle to -Victoria and reture,


1'1(;. )·i;O. J-J2, J-34.

)-3:1·.... . ·?j,


'Guppy' AD Wins Spurs

countered, Free run takeoffs were made with .a run of 60 to 420 feet, with

aboard were well pleased with the landing characteristics of the AO-3W. For a "dangerous monstrosity;' it turned out ttl be the most stable, most comfortable lind easiest ajrcraJt to bring aboard oEwy plane ever laaded, by the '11J;llifying pilot. This iN a unanimous opinion. It mlly be tilted that the 'lualifying pilots of vc-n were hiSh Iy pleased. if possibly somewhat surprised, at the excellent mara letistic:> of the AD-J\'V for carrier work and are looking forward (-0 "ighJ qU;1li:fi~ations as oen as a carrier becernesuvailable,

d i.fficulties. In genera.l.


who <Jualitied

New Metal for Jet Planes
Lighter ret engines are In the offing re ult f;l nl." lightweight titanium as strong ,~~ high-strengrh steel and b,df as heavy, developed by Bureau of



nlIoy. only Aero-

The ldlo)y i:s}'ii; aluminutu highJy resistun1 basic properties composed of


from v -JI .lbout its experiences with new ai rbnrne early warning AD'JW' reads like a rags-toriches story out of something an airminded HGlratio Alger might have
ffi ~lORY

the quadran received its guppy Sk),r.z;dvfJ last August, there was 3. feeling of general disappeintmear. The squadron had been flying AD-';'5 and expected the .tw' to be irnilar. However, it WaS soon discevered that adding a radome, wing slat., auxiliary stabilizers IUJd the omissien of the landing gear do r: not en1y slov{ed tht1 plane down tremendously but ianged COllsider<1bly the flight charactel'is~i(Cs. IrrunediatcHy it wa noticed that there Was 0.0 flare-0uL on a normal landing. When the rhrottle wa cut for landing, the plane Bew LIke a brick, If the height above the landing trip was too 8reat the righl wing was Hkdy to

written. Wllen

During FeLP it became apparent that owing to the tension !>pring on Hie stick control which caused, a COnstant forward pressur 01l the stick, it was neoes'sEley to hold: back pres~1lre 00 the stick during the final approach as speed WIlS reduced to laJlding speed regardless of fa b setting,
Even with the elevator

and the rest tita.nium. It is to ccrrosion und retains its
at high temperatures,
11 vital




in the ex-

drop, musing an

Prom experiencing this Ituatien and listen ing to subsequent rumors that the Rime had viclous stJ"U rharacrerisrics and was likely to stall and spin instantly at any speed below 100 knots the pilots developed a v ricty of opiniofi~, almost all adverse, So jj_ is little wonder that there was coo!iidetable iir~ptehen· sian when field rnrrier l.anding pntqice was began. Then carne the change. ix pilots were s heduled for this practice in J !\lluaq 1950. Their average -flight time was 22C)3 hM!S, with .32.. hours in the 1\D-3W. They had made an llvem,ge of 125 carrier J::mding~ each, They got two to four periods of FCLP in the AO-$ before taking eo tbe

cmbarmssjng Situation,


treme nos(",up position. back preSS\lL[e on the stick still was necessary at speed's below B'S knots. It also W;lS noted~d rhis too was attributed to the forward' spring ten, ion on the stick-that 1:1.5 seen as the plane hit the ground upen bnding the tail had a strong tendenry to leave the g;r;ouacI. Neither of the above notations are construed as disccepanrles. Latter periods of field carrier landing practice were flown with the plane In a sirnulllteclloacled condition. About 350 pounds of ballast was put in the radar operators' seats, Two 1 50-gallon external fueJ tanks were mounted hut not filled, Thjs. simulated loading tended to lessen the lightness of the tail and 0 increase the stability at approach speeds. Carrier qualifit7ation" wer conduded on t1'Hc II all!:')' PGirge on 1 Februa.ty, Ballast was eft in the radar operarer' compartment, but the external tanks were removed. Ea.ch pilot made eight lilDJings with a wind varying from 26 to 33 HOots. There was only one pilot-caused wave-off, No diflil'uitiC's, ,.;tructuml or otherwise, were encountered. Eacb pilot took a minimum of two catapult shots, some . getting several more than two, No difficulties oj illlY type. were en-

p()int in jet aircraft, Other metals now ;0 use, rnduding aluminum and magnesium. do not have this p.rore:rty. Tlli5 new 1I11oy wiJl be wed in turbine blades, tailpipe shtOtld~, engme firewall ... lind ill the engine itself, Another good poin is that titanium ores are llvilila.bk· ln the United States and Canada in largeqUlIflIity, Olllking til 1f111terial ba ;ic-4I1y non-critical and non-stra [t's:k.

Backfires May Give T roubre
Two recent :tirplunelires huve b~1l attributed to damugedalt<"rnate air doors permittinS'




"0 ~~50

sysmm FLrc to flow into the



result, 8 ..Aer

which should be read by allllying personnel. Cases als,) have been reported of damaged ulternute air doors prI:Vrn'lting the selection or :lir when required 10 prevent carburerue nr induction system iclog. It nlso rna)' cause engines to nit out (,wintl to disrupriun o(

hall Issued

on the ~ubjert of backfires

carburetor airlIuw. Sinre the main cause of bOth damaged .aiternate air doors and in(h",,(jon system Jil'CS is the backfire, IIII pilots and I,lfOtmJ d'lIlck personnel should b(;,H inmind the PQssibil'l)' of engine ift(> or 'rutu~e englbe failure enrsed hy a severe h.rddin:. (la,rtku tar Ilttt"tltirm is d irected to flIl'ei1 t i{;h inspe 'on and funetioml check of alternate ~jr dClQr' and the ind~djon ,:;yslem (l1l~!I pirlotl engine lIuctl.lft. to assure that no dam. age b back1ire has l'lC<':uuiid Of} the previous

After any viulent backfire during grOLl.Od running, the engine- shall be shul drr",,'n lrnmec!i(treJ)' ana [he engine, accessory seenon and induction s stem vlsu'lIlIy Inspected for damage prior to restarting, If bacldire occurs in flight. ground check personnel shlJldd Investigate prior tp the neJ(t flight.




Jet Bast






AAS WHITING. P1FLD-Operation Of !"'1F's • t this field can ed coaslderaable era IOn of the asphalt taxi lanes frorn the hot exhaust bhlst· directed down lI.t the .surf ace by the r.lal'1e angle. Over a three-month period. erosion in One spot extended 30' .LC:roSS the taxi strip, was " wide and e:ll.i:encled to a depth o'f 3" into the asphalt. Similar difficulty. bllt :to {\ minor extent, has been experienced III the TQ-I packCHAINS fiE DEfLECTORPLATE OOWN re PAOey£

upp!;:! ..:dge 0.1 the ~ear plate bearing
ltgainst the rear ide of the front plate.
rhus pr.,viding continuous support [~i the entire length of till; assembly, This WI! ound e sential to prevent vibra-



To alleviate tilt- diflkulty. II series of rests was conducred on methods of deflectinG the- jet emaufit blasl ioto the air. The simplest lI11U most cHccuvt: deflector is illustrated here. It consistsof two .sheets of Y<t" 'teet boiler plate, 18"X72'~, . olned by live heavy gauge 4" butt hinges. The hinge's JIf" ni veted on th e upper surface of the boiler pla es 'with the

tion. The plate_~were helJ at, a 90° imgle to each other bya chain at both ends, each of whir!) i.s .littea with a snap to prm'ide d means @f mltapsing the assembly so as to permit aircraft to taxi over it when not in use. The defleeter is secured in pi. ce al tlre edge of the concr'ete by two short leng.ths 'Of chain from the top of the assembly [0 pad eyes in the deck. It is believed that thls deAector will prove advantageous to all activities operatif'l.g F F and similar tyre aircraft, In view of its portabihty, it !;9uJd be transferred WiU1 such aircraft to any command nt which lJu~ymigbt be based', During a recent captain's inspection, Ralph J. Creamer, ALAN; Darrell W. Johnston, AL3, and Peter R. Muller, <\1'.1, were giiven their wings: by apr. Frank Turner. They had passed several months of intensive training in safety, survival, famil ariz ..bon with aitCmfr electronics, l rcmmunirnrioas, ordnance, recognuion, navigation and aerology. The l1ig1Jt training emphasizes teamwork between pilot and afrcrewmen lind consists oJ seltfch. intercept, b mbil1g. gunnery and nav igatien Bights dueing low visibility' conditions. The madera aircrewmen must meet hi~her standards Ulan have ever before been required.

this ircraft render lit ubic Bay proved difficult ca-enUy. When the tender carne alongside the carrier, the overhang 'Wa:S too great to permit mooring alongside. The car· walk aft projected ourward toward the tender's port crane, ami guo tubs t. The: catwalk and rane appeared to be ool)' thebes apart. with S'INe.ca1 [l'el s{!pi1r~tillg the camels and fenders OF! the two ships. It was de ided eo cast off lind abaaden the attempt to Iransfer fuel. uch II transfer could be made 1iuccessfuUy iC small tugs or barges were llla.ced between the tender and carrier to act as camels. In tll is pru:tictUllr case this was not necessary ince there waS an AT vel' eJ enroure to the Subi area which has sufficient aviation gil soline aboard for he Boxer's needs. On the basis of this, experience, it is recommended that where the AV· type vessel is to refuel a CV'9 class. esse! that two camels of at least 30' breadth be rerured "rim: to approach. It will be necessary for the carrier to use its arter fueling connections to rereive the gasoline.

lem of ref'uehrrg

the carrier Boxer from

Gun Cleans: Out Oil Sludge





has found

a wuy to combat

rnrbl\n i1nd ,Iudgt deposits blocked ,'~h b uil Iines ()nIH54IJ

which hnve SN J I;J18ines

YP-74 and VF-22( Hear This
The M~!ol!'OlIsketches uf these rwo slilu~dfens ilre read)' tv run ante we have picture~ of squadron members and anions. If )'()u have surne ph()tug[aph~, please Je-t us usc them, -rhev WJII b c returned to YlJU il'l gocd ondi 11m, ~'I1rJ rhein tl~ N.IVuJ ih iMioo
N~""~. Chief Navu l ( perations, partrn ent, WII'!'hillstun .!'i, D.

durin$- peril.lill~ rC'lor~","'ntjoc runs. CI",m'11S uf \,lpre[ oil supply ,hIlMt11:; 'witb compressed ;lir fir b}' steel wire is imf,,)s5iblll, nor does il'e sy~t(-mdea!' It.elf duriog P'V' longed ground run of life engine. To meet Ih~ prublem, equipment shown III the plww w,,~ <l'f\'dllped, A ,aJvaged push




New Bomb Rock Safety Pin
AT1.ANtJ -All additional means rada bombs in Mk :; f racks to prCyt'DI inadvertent release h US~ of the emergency borub release Em! heen drtelrw~d by I1ns. Willia[]l F, Frase r, Fin,ditlj;: the- 1)1,2'" srlfety 11n~I1;in (Jf the


v A-I 'i.


pre.t:nUy·used safety pin un,mffi,ent, a 1/1")(1-1 V 2" AN J')!!-~7 fial (\t;lU rift was In~rUltl I" the ground ,-heck $JIcty II Ie on ttle

TH(S ~ITtle



bomb r-a<'k, nit: pin musr be moJili~d by fiUn!: ()if l/Hi all'l118 the length fIf tllll ~11nnk, J iglu errnrs ItI WIt;r.tl·Kt' wil] nllt affect the sufety Ot the rack 1I5 It does when u$irtg: tile: 'tant"b.rJ ~aidi' pin.

rod w.tj. fut 0f1 w a Iton~l!' ,.t f,H ,.0<;1 .1 ,<t.. ndard 4'>0 Zt<rk rifling ~""" thTClIJeJ iat open end. A stnndnrd 'Zerk p'ltf'i. hand (}f dL'Ctrlt, serv icecl with 1100 oi I, ~IDI'11plet~d


lilt' (Iutnl_

T rio




po A\'VT PA -this. all weather trainlng unit is one 0 the few platt, in the Navy where tOe coveted ccrnbet vair-

crewmen wings can be








rnBl<::d I'hl~,\.ISh .t:rllldeni arc r.o insure align. ment .between the oil p.as'l>g~ 'n the tappet lInd 11''':'1: in tfl~ Illl"f"('l g.uide in tI,e engine,

In applit'rH.JI)H. rhe posh ,pd J$ removed and the bull end uf the adapter IS pl:aced. .ID Lhl." oCket "t i\lulty t'lppet' assembly, One n.an holds i1,e adaptt:l:,anotMr applies pressure. uil t" tin: 2er:k !itkin.g. The propeller IS



teen arrested
offs were


and l:i catapult


The Jl.f'S·19A radar failed again during the arrested landings. Flight Test will use lilt' airplane to perform qualitaIh,t .stability and control tests. made,

Slidin~ &nc:lo~,,,,'e.. The (OIWMd Irame of ~h~ Sliding eaclosure assembly (t)lcked .at (he .Ji(lh artaehment hrj1e fron;! the tight hEU1d side. The !l1"1.~~' ssembly a (Mrylr plal<ti,,) cracked at the ninth attacbrnem hole hom the right hand side, snd cracks were slMuns ('to

form a.t two add uionn I pJllte~.

"hi~ dJ~ <:(>vO'l'l!.h l~ Marah ",,,'I of Su~I"" T~.~, N.\TJ; r~TI];ml'lT, ilnl M(!"~I!8f 'il.Y r~n~~1 .. BI.IAlm II!:lUCY. F2H-l


rim 'Reand d~

(36,1 Hours) iT

Porf EnlJ1ne. The 1"01'1 engine has reached a tutal or 2:;0 opoc!ltfng. hours and will. be
()per:rIN 10 300 hours possible. CrackeJ

pllrTlp , us sheared, Since uII.ly II system pressure g;.lse is supplied. It is tHltpllSsible to dNe~l the failure of a hydral!.lit pump when both engines are rumUJ1g, A pressure gage .shOuld be pro ided for each engine-d .. ven



'ower Boost CVllnder. Invesrigaof ermtie- brake operation disclnsed the cap assembly slides in the upper

of the brake power bf)oS\ erl ~n·

l1ydr!i.ulir pump.




blade in the- first Ma-S" IU rhine were found dllril~ the J t three engine checks. The
QPet:Lting tim!" on rne starboard engine. whi ..h hl.l5 reached 150 IWlJfS has been extended .. ttl 2!)(l hOLI[ by H U ':\JiJ\.

usc fnr the f"lluI'e. (2,) Provide pressure gag"" for each llYdraulic pump.


Plastic Shield. The plasticsaield Ioeared on the port side I)f the radar countermeasures eumparrment was broken. Because of its exA routine inspectinn .Iiter 22:6 hours of posed position ~n the passageway, the silidJ openttion 1111.' port "ngrne revealed a 3/1(,ff would undoubtedly be broken freq!tet1dy durcrack en the inner /11"( nf the traiJjllg (.'<:1gl;' ins squadron operations. The origfnal .11G'> of II liN ~t~ge turbine nllLlle. 8.'SCO1111!Umt/,,plexiglass shield w'i1!1; replaced b}' :J shield 11011: Rerum thc blade It) the contr rtor fur ,156" thick, and all additional brace vas inmvestigation. sra HeJ to give better support.

de[~ were binding in t.he slide housing. MdaJ slivers and chIps were found between the cap <Issembly slides Il.IiJd the slide hou ings.. It is believed that the meta I particles resulted from' movements of th~'llide reo tnlner dng ill the ring grooves. The grooves were s ored, and metal sliv('1'5 could be d1.sLodJ;leti by rol.!tti£)g the retainer rings. RetIJllfmMdalirllH: (1) Rede~ign the slide
in the master brake cap assembly to elirninate the requirernen! f r rhe reta Ine t ri [18. (2) Return the !:>rake power boost cylinders to the con tainer for correcti.ve action.


Alternator" The NC. I and NO. ~ alremators fltiled during flisht. IlJvt'~tiSntion reOpergting Time. The operating time on the ve;tled. thlit the drive shafts of the tw alterJ l~r·. en_gir.e reached DO hours. Permission nators had sheared. The rctors )f each :tl. was gr:mted by £11 AXil 10 extend the time ternator turned free Iy. The total load un the on tbi.~ engine 6~ hours in ufdef ro complete electricn r ~}'s{em did nor exceed 40(l arnperes. Hie- present 450.honr illS trials on rhe ~lh- 1'11", alternators have been delivered to the plane. ipon Lomplet1on 11 the 450 hours, MalT;n representative in o;'>a;h'lnge fur tWQ Inc ai.rfrllml.' will be rnodilieu and a J~-"-9 new unes, eJl8ille Installed. 'plsC:i'epandes under 'nvesti9'lI.tion: Oxygen Cheo::k VQlve, f'l~ur high pressure l. FuiJl1re Qf th~ drive sh.:!ft on I~e hyoxygen check valves have lalle.:!' These are drnuli pump on NO. I engine (two cases}. ball check valves that have II b.ms~ bast;' and 2. Failure Il{ the purt propeller; tliree of I:)\p. When first installed, the valves permu a the four bl~des WEre found 11'1 bl' Oil( of small smounr of leakage, but -IU the CII.? wears; balance. and louseds, the rate "f leakage increases, ,. Palttl I,! f live riv(.'b in the port J1{o. T)1I.' valves wen: changed when Ihe lea ka.8;e poller nO$e spinner shield assemhl , caused II drop in pressure (If 9QO p~i in II 4. tnosellESS between the' collar and )(lW12-hllllr period. er sleeve Mlhe radar ceuntermeasures anleona (At 1'50), P4M-l (42 Hour,s) J. Ex('C lve smoke In the Il Iter . tatien I' All P.ilM (lira-aft were grounded by SUA!!!' tile ~rrmlt dlldng firing of Ihe tail tllf.f~t. /1, The £~IUII" (')C the coaming on rhe pend iog. investiSIH,'()n (}f $-n coS-loe mounr countermeasure e$(':lpe hatch, hilure, This filling, ""11$ ht« modified to ;l.llo~ nne flight of IHI P4M air&.U't bade tQ 7 The dequacy of the "rill rests rtf· tached to the pilot scats. the G, L Ml1ftin Fiactory. flU.NO. 1Zl!207 was flown to tbe facto'ry tll~ middte of March $. Improper installation of an electronic Md will be rerurned \Ib(1Urtlle fu-sl l.'If _rune tube in tbe rada rpos-ition scope, after the incorp(lrnt1n.n d !Ill outstanding 9. F'ailutl! of tbe low pressure hydwlllic faiTtory dlilnges, tulw lIssl'1mbly on he starbpard (gcu up) brake sysfem (two CRses). Cl{btn Heafe:r. 1[l~est:ig~tl()I1. o( \'I fadureof 10. Failvre of sp'lcer J~ 11n the. forward th~ will beater cevea led tl~at!he tt'WlLftend of the- cemer jet do-or u.,sstIDbly. F91F-2 (423 Hours.)

APS·I' A 8lowe:r Motor. Inve tigat ion of unsatisfactory radar operation dJs 10 ed thal tlie blower motor and the m:18n~trGn tube had ~aiJed It is bel ieved thl1t ~he f!, il ure of the magnetron. tube was due to ~he lack t)f ooling normally Iurnisbed. by the blower. Inspecrion of the bl wer motor revealed rbllt the commutator eng bearing was hrcken, Exh(1ll!st Stae_ Clomp. The C'xhaUSt stadt chul.1p that supports NO. 10 exhaust stack broke. 'TI,I is rhe first fllHure If this clamp ullrn~g 2_2~ /lon.r;S. of aper~t:io~.
Manitorllu5 PUpt Relay. fnvestigation of the iwu R' f the port generator warnrn light to operate when the o ul:p L1t of the generator was noe sufficient to operate the reverse currenr relay, disclosed thO( the mqniwr bus pilot r,elal' had f;:oiled internally, This relay is a sealed unit, and no attempt was made \0 determine the cau!)!' the

fJllgre. ReeommendatiOl/;' Iletu.r11 to the contractor for correction.

lb~ relay



cod'pit heater duct wllic;b connects U1.l" exhaust stack heater lIiuff to the carburetor ..it scoop. Failed On two orcasions. it. failure of this assembly installed in .an AIN airThe


Heater. alj.s~bJy.


bus 1I1so been reported, Pro~'idea satisfactory du.ct coupling <lssembly, plane




OW,lltner vibrnwt in th~ Ignition Utllt was ijl~ opcr.U.l\1t rrft~r if total O[it'l'lltiag lIme at 6. 'j
II 111;1 rs.


IV.1S 111',1(1 revl'1i

tI,t ('l:lil


led tbat the lead to Ihc rue] ""Ive soleooid was oroken
time of 6.) hol.l;1',

AO·4 1240 Hours)
The flllw check by Ltle AEf(lnnltiqtJ EngineeriClI;: La.bOratory of the P}U8UJ mr6u retor di dosed that the Jean p ppet valve and
~ut )n~4til: mixture ~IJJJtroJ 5etti(18~ 1'''quire-d rfladlusuneot. When the u.;roI!.J'C(or was re~

aftee '" t(lb.l open:tting

Hydraulic Pump. The~~ was 111.1 pressu!e in Ibe m~;n hytir-.Iulie ~y"tem with Q!'Ily the ~13:[~trd engine rrpCf3tJll8' [cl7e5t.igatilln rilvealed that tho: drive s.hart 01 the llydntulic

installed o.n the a1:rcrait, _roughnESs



P"opeller Control A~5eJII.bI~. Durmg a ro utine nigh t, the r)1~1 end of th e ltd e ;l5sembly separn(eJ hom the quick discc>n. neel fitting. Although there w.as e"Mun. I! of wear on the male end of the lod nssc:m. bJy-. it is belleved t/.1st !:be t~ilule tcsulwd £torn eXlll'ssivc 'Woo~ in the 'luick dhconnect fitting. Tbe spring lo:tded ~[eeve provided lnsufficient compresSlon on the fingers to COlnpeU.5I.1te for the Wf!ar m the quick di ~ wuned. imil!tr fajJures oCt'nm:.d dll1'ing ,he: accekrated ser"j(e lI'!St nf Ihe Ah-2 and wer~

the bigh






(I) .Pruvidc II sarisqu i.ek diSl!110 nee [ fiIfi ng ( 2) turn the quid< J!5,~'on('~l Jilting t!' the conIf ctor for investlgru_ion.
Rerr!lIImelld"I/{)1I1o' f1'I1:10I'f


Dlscn',Gftchn: I. Ant!'I<.;mg elements,





2. Carpeting, dlbin ded<. 1- HyJrauJic reservoir, lorat I1lP f. ,j. Fitr.fng, v iot; ~. p h),dmulic ~sterj,.

fllel C:olltro I. Thj~ pruje.cf ha.~ been de1,1yrd b~t"~u vf dl'fli rul ties en cou nter ed j.[l se fuel (Ontrt.ol. The faitur.e (l! rhe port engine
after III hours necessitated an engine change, inee the engine chanp;e the plane has nvt "~'en floWn bCC-dURC normal prml.edlJrt"l have fail!.'J tn Slut either <U1ginc_ T'his nitua(1 j,~

P2V-4 (28 Hours)
p~V ·4·, Bu. No. 1242 H, was received on 6 Ma:rch. An arceptance dl~t:k ",',IS COIll' plered, a.nt! the lIi.shl test P'/'i;l:s('cf the trjals has cumrneaced,


Finder Spot; Stars



hdng Is


01"1 AN·F-'~


is believed


hy the use

~"a! the




VR~b, WES;r.Ov~,Il-Jn tlus squadron, (1'1.: guy named George (l[ "Let George dtl it" the plant: IS late taking off. when till' int lilJ) lu es her "PP tift between IUll'in-Mllln .inJ Lagens, somehow, George iii <It fault.

ernor. Both Wl'slillghnu~1: and H ·lley repre';'Mt"lire~ have beeo ronsu hed and the Invc~ljg-.ltion is cOotinililjlg_
Rec:eptcn:I._ An electri al fire lh,H resulted in part;,! t!e~lrIJClion Q1 the (!xh:mlll power plllg receptacle occurred during a grnund sfarting cycle. lnv~tigatiua fiI veJ.lled til at s reel Iutk wn shers nee lI~el:I 10 the rcrept.rde ~embly. It is bePlII.g

fuel, the 10Ml"ambienr femperarure. MId UIC lnahilil} to control 1;. lisfl1({nrily the slnrt· lng fuel Bow of the R'4fi Hul1tfl' Ole! gov-

is the









He £aile;dm set tile HighJ plan fiU~d <lut en time, or hi" steered the pilot .r~gh! tl:ullu/;:h a thunderhead, And llruth"r, when a longer fi'rm is inveneed, GCQJ'ge will aJJ it out,
But nOW' something bas been done for the navigator. And who did it~ George. himself. The boon W Ilavigatofl!, devised h}l 1_1. Ug) George I.. Miller, VR-6'~ assistant navi-


in the "·~tn)d»nr, between

hvuk 11m!


the 1l11;)11\

screw Oil U1C

dome Itsdl. The JTII'url!lIlg ",U>jIII huok ie, sr.rllir;'ielu Iy rlOl'~g

.1\0 nccouunnd ..,I('



lieved that the high resistance

of these steel

I ck washers caused sufficient heat 11! be8cnt'rut!:d at the negative U,lltrtct to cause
Ihj,; fl!.ilur!;_




.galion officer. !~ a 11ttle gimmick lovins·l" called the azimuth finder. "he finder's sole mission 'in life is to make the navlg"tor's t,j'k ()£ locating navigation slur~ ~ little easier. It i~ J six-Inch alu.minam
dlsc wilh ':1 cnmpss rose stamped in unit" uJ 10 un tbe "uter edge, The d~ces £rum zero ttl ,(,(1 are s,"ci'mlted ill " counter-clcck» \\lise direction. A h!l.Jf·inrh hole in the center ,\f the disc _,s used til moun; i~e ga-c1gel r:lCe

<'11"llgII t(' Ii IIffW ronuion, bt'"1rlinE: of the all (!wrt IS SN or. the finder 'U-illlideJ;lt with the 1>I;lnt"'~ ilJhber 11m:. Nnw, when the IH:tnJ1i 's lined up with th~ bt:u,og (In the :linder. wluch t.lle HO-24~ says is correct, the lvlestllLi blOt],· l~ap5 111m view like ,I pUI1ta;.ian the d:ty ht:f"re ....erhrm, l

In: t>tlled Ifl\l' ly

the true

s.nl.j~facwry receptacle assembly.


11-91 Hours)

J,lcFt)' arrested landings and 2' catapulted takt."o,fh were performed wiith no JiflicultieS-. Prior to making the arrested landings, Serviet" Clunse NO. 1112'wa~ jn{l>cp'lIllted. r_hCUIII. C:lc.,np. ....ftl:f 164 hours ~e:rvke tes( (,valuation time, the damp which mn· nects the 6D header ;tsse~l:>l)' 1>1 the 6fI
header "s~embly Iailed,

NAS MINNl!AI'()j.Is-A sj:!ltlon f(,ID, whi FI at Litem ".1 Ii, rerent ry rtl s h eel a p regna n I Wom~I1, who ball cont!\ct~d polio, Ii? Ihe U nrvers it}' n r Min 1)<."501(, h fJ.spit3I till needed emergency treatment. The b'lhy has new arrived nnd IS u:lk :Jnd Ioeart)·.


Marker Defeats Runway Snow
W.lS then fine...) with water and the fuler pluS 100sdY replaced to provide or


FueJ ,Pump I Del~ol. llwesUgarinn of the t,!ilure of the alL~il.jarf mel b"usln pump revealed tlt"t the urmarure 0$ the hO()litl\l" pUll1p elertric Motor W;qS burned

NAS WKlDllEY ISLAND "Ii system of lIlllrkIDg runway during periods of heavy snowfall \VII'S, developJ!d by thi!l swept Pu_gt'f Seund last January.
during the




Attltwd~ Gyro Indicator. Mtcl' 159 hours service test evaluatirm trmt::, the: .attitude 81'.1"') un lovel lIIght inJjl'llted 3" right wing
t(C1wn. IIPutS

Electrl~al Tllbl"9 As.sl!mbly. Alter J 78 o;ervice tl.'~1 evnluat ;~m, the ciectrif[\1 hlbing anemhlies to Ihe outer wing pllnel~ caught between the upper skin \J~ aces of the 'eJ)te,r and outer ""tn8 !iIDIleJ, when the

Falling snow quickly obliterates the outline of the fu.nways and (.[055country landing are a little hard On oleos and tires. This station developed a I\prinkJer drum whk:h did the Irick. Contents or two life vest dye marker packets were dissolved in a gallon (il( water and poured into the drum. It

ture.~, salt, alcohol or anli-freeae as available, should be added to prevent
freezing- However, the freezing point should be maintained h igbC!!:than the Ollt ide \iir temperature so preclude rneltirn; a ,t;TOQVC in [he Sl10W a the rnarklllf\: fluid is applied. The drum is cradled in :In}' suitable vehicle so the sprinkler pipe rides ab ut It foot above the runway surface, The car drives down the center f the

venting. In the event of


row tempera-



spread, .As rernedial actiQ,1l, dump lind bungee ,'<'o~d h~s installed, RuommeIlJa'1i()/I: Reroyte the were

fix of

tubln.g ~semblies ttl eliminate factory (;(uldition described. U"d.r

the unsatis-

1"...... I'.tlo.. Wrng Hap 1I.nd dive bmke rontltll-thr lanaill8 JlIlP~ cQlIld ,not be actuO\ted lI,itet 191 h{lulS. Exhau~1 coupling tllilur~ IUC ah(, being invC"stigated.

receiv(:J au :tcceplRn c ,-hed! Wil~ ~l)mpl~l"d. ,u'id' The: Right 1:t51 ph~st' of the- tri.uJs bto8'!.n on z4 Fehruary.
J 7 febrll~ry 19'5(J, Tht'

UF-l 135 Hours) UP'-l, Bu. "_ n.l~15.W8



OElol'I(:E5 MARI(S

ElU •• liNEs


co"eted by fresh snOW or until the snow or ice disappears bymeJtfng. The marking i~ d.i tinguillhabJe readily f["(lin 2.,000 [e~t, and visibility is excelknt from ,lilY point jn the Innding pntlern i.Uld thrQUj!hout the approach.

duced. of bright orange color on snow' covered surfaces 0(" yellowish-green color on iced sllIfaces I?ersistenc:y is practically unlimited and the stripe will remain visible until

rhe rate of flew in accordance with the ear' speed. One drum €If solution will lay a stripe about '5,QOOEect long. A stripe about two feet wide will be pro·

runway oc


either side, adjU!ltl"g



suhmuted " RUDM fa.iIUI~ 1)1 the: AI> -j

""itd.! whldl WII~ Iqll), de alh!;'..! in the April rY5U 4S~Ul! "I ihe AVINrH N NEW'>. Fixed gun'S ",.jLl employ Ihl' .~\\'itdl which is a5.$t!mbled (0 me left side of rhe receiver, but will nut be s~rI.thr"nize<1. Sldru/drd Sll)tll; Gun. are carried in standurd t\Ldvy stock uad"'I Stork No. J941'~ 5;:~9-Z2';. Syncl1ro!1\2.ing witches, tntk No. J~It,S-2.1~71, are assembled foe mounting tIl


tv HuAElt

recently reporting

Failure the gUJ.L~. llilORO CrJ/f/l/r<",i: 1't 1~ he-lie"td thlt, till! dit1i ulty experienced by Vl>fF-l·n resulted from the Ij~C "f all exCi:s.ivo: 3.01 mrll ot' I IlJbTi~til1g II. Reamunend.uio»: 8uOl\O re« rumends thut lubricatmg "il be ,'l'plieJ 1',,) sun parts by wipillg with :t clean lint [ree dudl thst I,,! b~~'n saturated with ••il lind wrung Jry_ F-iting experience h.l~ mdioued Ih<l( the 20UUTI Autcmaric Gun MJ huuld be d~"lleU ,mtl lubricated daily .Ift{'f tiring, und .lftn firing eerh 60(1 «funds when nJUIl;' rounds are to be ~red Lludng th 'ume ,1;1. If possible, clean and Iu.bdmtt.- the ~\ln more hl'quenlly. Oil J.'-N-L·6~~ frmlJ.I!t1y os IJ~I) r
W;IS C:1.\IS~J



b}' ... , dri[,p11lg: ftom

tbe fight side uf the gUll receiver. Swlrches, St!'lck No. J9H-li-t.1471-S. are assembled ior 1?1Ountin~ mille kft side \l! the gun, GUI'l~, I.,ck No. }9. 1-r,-;,;9Q-!>!~. me f""l.d"lgw withnut the switch, Spare Gun«: Spare gun::;, syn.:hr ml:dns ~""itcbes, ,Ind m"rrlt.~nan{"e equipment alI.,~ed to adl.vities !I~~rgned 1'2V.~ ;,ir~ ...lfl WI II be m~orp\·lrntt:d. in a, r(I"lft m.,<ltd lists,
Ord/"ltllll:e Ai/lI,1 anee), N)'xO!1:1) LJ..§r ,lI)Si(), ReI'. G. T~i~ li~t Is being prepMOO. Allj,u;em



Mk 4 M{)J I
!J/I/lnJt'erJ /'':''11/;'1'"): In Jd Iit'hO 10 lUI ,hlpr.)veti nJ"tlnling 'lI;ntogt'nI~nt, It new and novel me-a ns fJi pfovicl~n~ accessibility II! the three (rim po.tenl·hmle!er~ is rmvided, To pennil ndjustment the entire OVl'r need not btl removed: II S'Il~ 11 oJ iSI: muunlc<l on IJII." ttl u of the c!llay 1'< vides access. Th.is new tli5< hIlS" shnrt length ,,( chain lltta(;hed to prevent it ~ecolI1ing lost from the re-



rudy l"brie"1iI1
gtlllJ. new





A Ordnance puhliranon, UP Igl~, entjtleci "Cleaning, Lo~ricjlt,i01,t und Preserva!U'I) 01 Aircmfr Guns," JS being pdnfl'd ,1m) wiU be Jl·t:l'lh ...ted ~h"rtly,. 11k purPHSI' of til i$ /,ubhc"'["(lH r~It, assist squadron ordnance personnel with f'r,\hl~ms lcl-.1ted to clean/nil, lubrication and interim preserve'!{lflI of Olil:l'IU€t -s u ns,








Jlstnbu.ted {or fled use, and it is expected thar eventually all Si:y'JiJt~ (AD) lind M,IIi1u (AM) ~irlTIln will be retroncrivelv equipped during overb~iJl. However l'if!c.
activities are cautioned, not III requ'isitilln the nl!WN relllYs fl)t wholesale r.~ld !ll'la(ement .as relatively .smull o:.ruanl!!i~ will be availahle, A.s fR( <1$ rr.l(lic-.ib I~, even d i,trfbuti\ n will be made throughou; the 1l(l1.'t. The ReIn}' Mk. <1 Mod :1 will be l':mied in the uviution ordn I\te «urply system under

M ...il/.tI!II<JIICi' S{hlrt P,n1>- .old Tuot« N.wOIll'> 1..oj;[~ 2.2954 a.ud ,!19'l9 li~! pare parts ~f\d "peci~~ .toob Issued tl) operal rng acuvures mOJOt. ,n'ng till' Bun. These H5tS are in t1w new cllt~l"g. Lillt Afa.ilrJf!lll1l1Ce ,m" '1"1"/ .'i<::1J for A..,idftif}il Ol't/,t/Ij f 5'1";/" me»t, pub!l~heJ.1 AVOliO list 21416. Revisu-n B, dilled I November 1949_ Publm1/i't)JU: Departrnem ,If rile Army Technical M:JJl\.Ul.1 9-2.12 cnntnms msrrnrtieus for the ,do:ntrlicat.ioll, U'" and care of the 2() mm aLltGlfilatiC Gun M;!.I. Copies of TM 'I-JJ~ ure :t\'\lilabk fr,r is ue aod J11Jlt Ile requisitioned ill accordance with the ill-trucrions conruined in the In.lll· uf Ordnunee Pnblienions, 01'-0. Acuvitil.'s requiring 11.'hli(iun)li mf umut'''l"! ,lmuJd addrl·"s all inqumes to tht:

Hold OMI V6-49 fo.r O.K.
AVt)RD 10'1 \'6"-49,

,)f Ordnance,


.. M"rJdiC'.Ibl.m

Homing Gear Saves Af Men
IIDst Air newly-installed VHf /D-F homing d ice were (OIU-bined for a dramati night "save" here on. the night of 22 February. With only 15 minutes of fuel left, the B·~S, on flight from Carswell AFB Tc~ to T.an,gleyAFB Virginia. reported LI was lost somewhere near Richmend, All alert tower watch at Chincoteague heard the . 'Mayday" und directed the plane to the field in ;1 matter nine minutes, where ill safe landing wa made, R.nin aDd low visibility conditions existed throughout the area, Gnly a few days prior to this incident, toWer per onne! had completed .t check-out io oper'ltion of the VHF/DF gea.r. On duty in U1e tower at the lim!: of the emergenty were U. William G. Horton and William L Smith. AC3. COTEhGlIl':-A

!If Reur RLlffi;lr Housing 3(hn, Aut"matic G,un ... loll and hlll'III1:' wall issrJed tv pruvide mstruetrons nr aS$t:.mbling an improved lock l~hll..gCJ; to tile buffer huusin&. Lock Plun N. 1~lrt #A"JllQI74, tuck # 1?~H··Qslio-n. "">IS prf.\vid~ as il replurerrieru fur Lock P!u.nge!:
A:S,M, ongifllllly assembled ~Q tbe buffet h,lusing. NA ALAM11"PI\ inr"rmed BtJ sn thu,t the

NAP CI-n Foree plane





M-24 Gon in Service Soon
A new llireraft gun will he- in service shnrttv. Tile 20mm AutOnllltk Gun lIfH is being installed in rh~

stee r used

t" Ullin u fll~tu.r e lock

PIunge rs


~nLl tail


specified on tI~e mma[utluring drawing. Proper waging III the rlungl'r shllft. required, f(lr retaining

;J.!.9J7~ fl(ceeJedhe

of "tV ..l PI"duttion alrcrafr. The M:l~ IS n cnrnbinutlon gas-operated weapon .!esigned

blowback artd
~() lin: electric

(.ollur A1!~\l'ljil. (0\.11<1not be accomplished. In view ,,( the UIlS,1h~bctl'lr)' i:Il!)Jllil1[J reI'Mt·J


by NA.S AI,AM!11U" bUORD requests rom/llia/lfl! fl'lth t-l'A VORll OMl v~-~v be

ammunition. This arr-rooled !':un h~s K minimu.m (yclir rHle of !ltL 01 -till rounds 1I minute. Anllnunft"'o is fed il110
the gun from either left



side with

".iJhheid pend.ing

rhYl'iaal dlltrlldeci;tk don cnn(e.rnins the :nnlu)l. ,.f L~ tk 1I1lt2911J, Stock #- J""I-I"-%90-5.1. will seminated in the ne ..... tr.l(Ure.

invesLiga611D (If the: (If rill: pnrt. [n form<i·

the standll.ul 20rnm Feed Mechl1ni~f'l1 AN-III!. ~o (,pUll~i(l~, Ib,' f~"rti"ning of 1l1e'weapon IS very [fTIll:tr to Iht! 2umm Auwm~tjc un

he ,Ii,·

Redesigned Relays Ready
Rda)' a Ie,~ult ,If uMat istnctoc)' flllt'rotian 1)( MI.; ., .Mud 1 (Augu,st 1949 i.'~ue

D;Jfl>'~'m!l: &I I~n!ly, the. diffe.rence between th~ 20 rom Automatic Gun Q aDd ){24 iUe llS fOUOW6! The fires perrussion.primed ammunition, CCil-SeS fire with bJeecb-







shock mount 1':I,;ll1r.e, a new tclayeliminnting e1(<<>l'rl!I] slw k IMunt prc ,jgi<;llll< has been de igncd, l'h,~ rday; bus been desigmrted :IS Rd"y Mk ~ Mod 2" When eq_uipped with I' IIll' uDling pln.te, t hl~ rem), is mecbn.niGlllly and dedriC(llly inttrch~nsetl"l" witll Rday

fire.~ elcaric-pr-iuwd

hlfl<'k ::~.c.rnbly hdd 10 [l1e re:.tt hI' II Sl.'lU lI'I~hanl~m, -.too Ihe se:u m.t'c.llnnism i~ ad"~ lIted by \!.!1 etcctri trillSe.r O)ntrol. 1'h.., t~1
umm II ni(ion, lind in mult.iple gun installati,m<, &llM can hetirnetl tI, 'I(e in IIr "f ph,u\". It WUSIJ.

lire wid! iJr"e hbluck assembly, n batte,.y. 1'urcet ,!luns ",HI be limlld 1~1 fire il"! pl1(1:. by using he Mk 1 MId () l'lH:hrrIQizln,g



Ull.! 'L'rt.<t11 H,,!(hioe guo <'C"t;$lIric~. These r"lunl ~]I(\III.r "(11 be uhrnirted W B.;I'Rf) .
.aDURU . I!IIA lilt



lll1U OCl.



II HU)Ullmferre.J



equjpmvn] (rlOm BuOr.! tu HIJA~R. Requesrs slll'\lJ~ be di rcrftcd tn II! I AF,11.

Efficient Ordering
reMS .lgll,


If the A~iatilin 'Iiil'l'jy D~II\,jt i" m,k(..q 1(1 till an Mt i/i.c' " I need The r~'~uH is excess

q'\'~ring lIlCC sublell ,,' "r)iclenl rC::qLlcI~ilnlfljl'l.g puhlish~~ in this p,Iwfif1, H eause Iff the rornover III militmy personnel and the modi

,I write-up


..md tcdi~lrihllie



ili supply p.m edun':>, 111I.'sercv!!ied

an I stocked ill U1!." a"j(tUI)lJ svpply .~y~tem. In the lllustrnred Parts Cat.nll)g, items coded " P" nod " P I" arc p rocu red ilems all d ~turkt:d, Items cod~J "M'" "~-t." •'X" or "X· I." have nor been pt;IIch~sed and
consequently are n()t supplied hr ASO MId JlilJltld 1101 be r quisitirmed. (Older next high III :ts.lembly ur omk!: ieerns.) All pet· sonnel concerned WIth 'he ordering of airs ar Farts shnu III thoroughly famm·

:IPl'mpr;,lte .H thi lill1~. "ira- u ft ~pa.r", p:.l'tl> and ~ (.'111' blics ,.m he \Ic"l'mpli~htJ ,,,~Jjjl' wW ~ffidt1orty 'when the ordering ~eti,itJe' know whlll i~ needed, the ,..dt'UI pari ur studl IIU!l]b.:r, w"~'/~N the part is "Ippl ied hI' ASQ, and bmo Ilmeh of thematt'rra] i~ reo quired, • 13~, ur« Ii/ u,hal ,lqu ,,('~d, Order the smallest compunent pnrt uf an u~lfernbly or in~r.Jlioillll1 that ",HI Ell ynur .requirements. Wh~n Ih~ component part IS not av!lHahle, 11It! suppling ali i ity will fill your requisi· tIlln 'Ih the next l"rger assemblv cont;mling the r~qui1:ed part. • 8 jllr~ filII h""t Jh". ('OrreN ,III k or p./rl IlUmber • After determining the pall 01 ~~.eIll~ Il leg uired, consult the Aviation up· ply Oflite Oltalog, A:jO Catalog Cbange 1:1 u l1et In. In ter"h,mge",b jJ iry Lists. A llowaace Li~l~, ur Illustrated Parts Catalqgs. These )Jllb'jCilltlUn.~ "'ill he an invaluable aid in idt'ntJ )'il'\8 correet SInd.: anti part numbers. SI!!cly the rurewcrds of these publjc:ati()n~ for lear-cur instructions in their proper use. • Cheri. to .Ht:tlflaitJ j Inl/ I',M is /1'0' <lIT"" .lIItI uo« .f(i. Items JlSted in Allowance LI~t. QS It' • ASO Catalogs are pro tired


reported increase ;11 paper w~'rk. I"'lkrng ;Hld ~hil'plflg. All this can be ilyo,iJed i( th squ;u!ron limit], 'tl> request ,,, urtuul illimeili:tte needs,


ev~n(mlll~' must


I with

a wn~equt'Dt


all .e, If qU3Jl_titi{;'~in exres. of eiitabjishe.J n llowun 1I~ :11'\1 required; they shQuld be )~ tifi.fJ by an expllHl,llion ()f the need,

phIS the quantity



fill their ~llvw-

BL1AIDl. IlUSIINO,A and )NR circular letter cunoern illg the- dispuslnon and handling uI Sill aged • ..,xch1Illi!cd. returneJ Iln.1 !jVcr'llgt: ~Ctl)llllutil':d m(lleriru, including aviation ordnance equipment and UVldti(ln ul',lnllllcc ~pconl d~vicf$j rs helng Jist.ihutt'd til til Il~t. file tluOrd deiglllltHln is l'JAV()JUl OCI. vi-se, This cir01111r letter supersedes oa. '1'.·48.


in in!



ve~y probably aJl RUDM should be submitted. Nn this. connection, study the prnvisrons i,f ASO c;./l. J5.>1\) 'ntis iii Ve'!j' impoct"nh he'IlU5~1hr(}ui;lh RUDM'.s, .B.:tAe-r is ~b)e tv take ,Grr~ii\'c aruon if \I part

New Supply Publications
A pJ'ovislOniog br(Jdmf-e the 11'''j'1 lind w/'f!1'Cfof.e'r
)1tovi.sitrniog being prepared will SO;lfJn be distributed tv
pl'rS.!lOn'(:'l. j.. listing of ~PMt! parts For Class 9~ trainil1g devices i5 (uuemJy b jag .pubH hed ,n


""hicb outlines 'uf ~par'" parts



ASO and interested

proved unsatisfactnry, . upply activities are re$pon~lble for proper h~nJling lIf requl!St. ubmitted b} dependents. This inrlud saecllIng qf rEqUestS against alluwance Ih ; que tioniog excessive rL'guc~t~ wbieh .<J·eon! [ustified: ddetmlttiil.s whether or not the item is procured h"f(lrl:: passing to ;tnOUlcr supply arth-ity; ub$t!tuli ~g interrhangeable or rep Inceahl e ltems~ sUPll'lying next larger assemblies 'wher!! pmGt'ieahle;, )'ati(>!1illg item, in shurt s:uJ'1J,ly; and screening dependents' slll,ks ~nr ex-


th~ A"jation


Mllted .. s Techni ,11 J

cqpits .If cith!;r (~f these puhlications nre required. submit requesrs to the Aviation upply dl'ljce. 10() Robbins Avenue, Ph j I~Jdplli:o. t I ,P,. A ttentiun SC3~-L.

uppl, Bulletin. If Jddjtjl)n~1

resses before

l'assil1g " reques:




supply udlvi4'. In certain caregurics uf uviution material, ,s1'.ecialil(cU ordering instructions lle" pub· lished it! tile iori'word (If the respective ASO ~':ltalos: Slll'tion '. fud:y the jQrI'(lOQrdJ. By ronllu:otly ke.,pll'Ig the pl',io!. (1Utlin;;d "hove in mind, nrtiviries will increase th efficiency of the " ...i"""GlI\ supply ~ySt"'m.

SU8€1l Eqt,ipllllml,

"II>1/' l'a"J!>(i1





I:IllO/{D h snl! receivlng numerous requests flir 5\.1 pply II11J dispusition of BUmp IIlid '/"IJrfll!/J.() H"tlfllIlJK Eq lIiJI,1I ent, S",Q/zfC

Wrench Solves .F2H Problem
\1MF' 121, CHilli It \' POINT - Th is squadeon developed at1nle'~lIing idea: which Inay I,df' other squaelr '"~ in maintaining thllir jet I.:Jlsin~s. When the- new (J,msh<lH wenl into t,h(:tr Ii;'.~t cnginl' ~hec:ks., Jl bu(tiene',k devclnp~d. This Jelliy WIl5 ctue to the in\l~C~sibillty ot tfle tightelllog nuts lin all outlet IInu ;nft't 0; I Jinft:l of "the J ·Mtngint·,

uW: them elves w,th rhe




ti(\~ CircuJa~ I.ctter ,No. IZll-ol plains (JUrcr: code iYmbol .

of Avi~.


• Lim;1 f'lfll/riliQ1)J '" fill ~tI.1d1 IlI!IJdJ Qr .tll')W,IIIr.e), Ordeling excessiVe! quantities
materin I. () ten r(lIlJ~ up. the avjrrtiQn su I" pi)' ~y~em by Ci"~llting 'IlInnl1lfiirn~ion nnd SMpll1COI bll.ckJogJ;. For ex a nlpk. 1l$SU'l1t: J. ~q U1'(In IInl er: ,600 % Ie~ln (~mC!1 t G r 111'1 UlI It~rnj 511(h nil i~ue c."\lld very po sibl v depletl' Silicic lit the !upply I,,,in!,, Iher~.by l;1using de!;ty ill filling reqursh tor "'ther nclivltlcs hnvrng nlegitimllte need 'for tb~ Item. would QluSe: Unu;;(:l:$S".trycmt'r· gt'nl), pL4curc:rnml~ with rcsull:W di rp!1tcb~ .and air sh ipll1ent t~, nlt"'t t he ellcllin~ delive,,· dille. 1n the: Ine:uJ'ltifl'l", Ilirphmes all: gr~ILtnded waiting for the- part. T!)e suppl)' p:o);n! ",det 1][1 tilt' basi Qf il p:t~t i~sut'~, ilni! ~imIlJtrly, the: pUlent supply Il,dvity clOd the dlstdbutiun plJoint ilr~ l·~.stt)lkt'd lin thi~ h1.• i's. This mel105 :".llli. " \jllrlUl prurnrem~nl III cLiI three~ ..tlppJl' I'tlilUS'


MechluuQl (Qund t11M all avulJabJe wrencillOs did nut have ~l.Iffieie!l1 dearance w m ..ke loosening th~e .n~tl> the ~l1Tull [,15k Lt sbould be. The tt'$U'lc wa ,"11 extro<
10 III 1'5 minule!> W Ca,h engitif' dm!k_. finally. the plain "bicycle" wrench an· sWI!J't"d the pr )h)~m. Methanks found by filing tlie head,; off rhest' wrl'och~.s th"y obtained the clearance ntIccssary 10 g<tin easy ac(es to the oil line lirtil'lg~. It WlI$ fmrna Ina! 3bou~ Lh" IIf the hrorl of the wreo.d1 h3d tn be Jilcrl uff. 'rhe qUIlJwn presents thjJ; jury rig AS a kmpt)tory ~(llu· lion. hu( still IOQks ior ;1n Open end wrench tlu: prlJr~ size Ill1d typ:~ UllIl will keep rlle"e ifttin,!;> f rorn ulutet'e,\s~ ry W~lIr ('!IU ~e~l bi' ,1:p,!,!H!g tIll')" Ot:her~ may Jim! it uSl.'rtJJ.




Su~s: 1 cninytJ your 1lrttde i1tlct.l PltuuL S'IU>lJ. [On Eleven and trnlv believe 1I was nut unl)' wc::11 wri~lel~, hIlt g~ve WtllI dberved rredir tel LL fine bt.lndl -of rn~ll~ Having been a nwml1er .. ( VJHJ (or over tWo year. ;In.1 havlng gone through quite .. f;lblll\'\l1 senes ",.f exper iences with this ~qll'l<lron, J was very milch disapp iimed III SI/I.' Ihal ~Y1IOl"'('r wrote the anide tWllpletdy h}'-P1l5~cd 1111 I;flhls 'W'ith a lthQrt menuon "II. Iruehl '~In Of uirborne warriors who hlld (rtml Pearl Hnrbor IIm'ugh the G"Ill.d31· cu I'mI l'p(trnti,,05 ~tenrJdy t akeu pt.rt in patrol C"vtr3~ and fuughr back UI tht, e;1r!y sfilges (If the WM,," The men menuon din this sentence l')jIq btt'n shot down, h:td made daYljght and night l<i'1J;p.ed, end hvrnbin_g atLl Its, plilyed


,\ia,b (oan.l\ll1.ed


J 947


H 11-2 3,

Lakeb.Ilr~L A cop)' of the ell IQ"t;<:!picture hung in the HU·2 reudy rucrn since ~pproJ(iml<tllly August 1947 nd could be one of the Marine students 'olnB thrnugh lhe (.purse ,If ins;truclion Jt HU·2 "Lon Qtt''lJ'' the iden, 1 TfHJ;:ht mention that by· ctIref ...Jly COII!:rolling the djrectiun uf tilt' ~,!lp~tn:Ultl ff{)rr~
the main d)tCl~ of the helicopter, it Wl(S possible to accurately .lire t Ihe raft (witl, ",ccupa.lll) to any porthm ,of tin' lake J"sir~d lit II fl; r rate of speed. W, G_ - H~IlF.U\R, ADC(AP)

Navy Turboprops ." •...

litCihfield Air Arsenal... fIrst Night Jet Landing Air Field Names ..••. , Baoseball School at Jox The Yorktown Story. Lead Poisoning. Marines
Fly 2,000

8 . _. l' ,.. 12 15 16 18
• 20





, • , . . . .. Hours

"Louie the Louse" over


lines night

pubhcauon in the ~d,l1Id :lIll interested in obtaining sub· scription infI)HTllII.jon. Bejng ex-Army, 1 would Ii\~ all Army pllblica~i n sirnilnr tu }(our. but 1 Jon't believe they pl'lnt "HIe

I noticed lihmry and

French Get Plahes
Navy Plane


_ .• . ..


Paint Job, like

•lnd duy. resceed nurecrous Army and. NElv~ peuple (mnn)' from behind enemy lines). 1 bel.eve that the first rl;al llff("Ilsivl: use


fOI 10tH' cooperati nn . MtoKl>;'ELL



Monkey 23 24


IF3D Night IElectroni(s


ot, the CIJlr1iilM in 'IIU types of WlIrfare WlIS ph neered !-iy the ""gina) VI>·H men under the: most able curnmaud ui C~pt. . • Murc~,
•N, ;lnu lhal ill nrder
CHARI.'K5 I''. ).~MA1("A.

1) GJ.\At>~



48, MlIss.

Trouble Men .. .,,"""

thut the

w 111.11 rl'CI!l'd e

be: kept, Ifli;; story O1l.)ghr HI be told.





"I 01",1 W jtuve yO_II lIt.onl'il, A"lnr. Ln. I<1el) tltll)'. iV'~M'f .-l via tiM' N~IU' :tlO'w i. ~~r1t t,'"" l" l~ofl junlo. "ul1"lI'~ ""\1 ~o1J"Ii<:- llbrnrdes "II O\'~" lh· United States to h,IiI» NIlY(,'f,d 1Jr<}eU"."Hl'Ut PI'''' grant, -t~nd in,cidentaUy wll c(jlh.~:Io,(ia.Jls wnlllt· 1! !ruin,if on I"h :n.u,'VuJ.nvLntion~ Any.ui(' (.tUn :!u:L.. .~l'ib. to it for i~ H y... r, J u.\, \Il'~ U'" .,,'11111:.0 en Ibe tw clI '><)" r.



28 30
3' , 32 33 ,. 34

66 Air Admirals
VP-6 Lic.ks Sn.ow _... . . . •.

Miamions Alameda'
AD Guppy

in Arctjc



P 'edoc<'."",'. W b 110 "'~ 1m. w Umt ! he suundron jtl~,J 11""1,, n unu record , w~ hull 1'(1 deI;aU.. lIfl\ny 'Il<,1l1ndrmu; hay" rail ",I to ll~",,\Oit 8 l:1J1 .. ·tl,U"j· Qf tMfr lour s -wIth Aviation In .. Wn'. (leN() (Air). so IY" "I'.... 1 II Joss tQ f.ub. H 'llah '''lY H<r ........\e It. '''lI1'lt o( theIr .. ceoD1l1li,h""ull. 'I']H. i", l!'ue IIf Lh 0-... 1, If'ut ..t \1]'.1.1.

'J ." ,","lunl< ti)· ,lOr, or VP-11. we ,,,,·It .., tih.t "' e hml to, .1l·IIk sc l.!~i"l\~ "r It )IiIl"L

"""Ii,, ~


Jet School ..•..


Maull js~ue ym.l have two pictures )-'111-1 8.1I11b~"4 wuh wingtip t'inks at(ached. You scatethnt these are lilted tank, _ My llOder~l~nding is that these are drcppable, Am I right! .N... AL Av .....rOJl; V In your 1'\:,. vv DliPT.

Jet Blast Deflector
Dye Marker •

.• ,...


on Snow



III fl!ft'J'eIlU~ ttl the ;£r~i(1e t1t1 ..d "Heliopt"[ Drups Life Ruft' in Y'JUf 1'.-Lq'tll .~'lie, J 'Ill! =dllsing •• phot" sllnwinl; sn

Lihk~i They t.e-"l. co::!t t.bt!.


U~ til ... bum dnl'''" on tho.!> J..-oIH.nl.I". li'ut ifln ... ~ IJnl1' "f ~n..mt± DlI If fI"(''''V Cbeveclet, HuA~r'-s b.Ullx~1 bOlo'S-btl:r.u') )I()U won't ~lrd'J 'eta.

>liJm~ono;. gny'




"llikk telt.'lllle lig inst,lll·J

SNJ'. and JRB' s, fro", HAS Miami·b· ...... e ...... k""d w"rrior. h.,od 0111 to .e.o e 10 drop nower. an M"morlol 00\1 in honor 41 Navl' "~d Mor,inc Corp. lI1,an killed In 'he wa,. o.nd b.u,fed at .ea.

nn ~ Bell hdiulpter It was ~t~t(,d ill yow: nrncle th:1( the MII~lnt', ill QUI11lli I,} "de", 1'-'p~" this quick "'!11ISe- for I he HOj.&·1 he! i(:~ ipter, I think the correct term in (IIi caw shuuld be ·\II.J,lptCJ" 'jn~ 111'e' i'rlgirJ,11 de ...eluprnenr

have recently rend

y011 r

,111<.1 le.t \yurlc un



r~je" se rastalla-

in the February 1.9)Q IsSUe N~VA1. AVl.1\TJ01>I' N~ws c-on.(erni~g the naval ;tir $t~thn il! Lincoln. Nebl'l\s"". I want to thank you f<,~ the kind statement you made .in my behalf and. I h~ VI." been bas k.i ng rn \ he glory of ~hn(ltiug down six Jar planes IOllg enough, J WlIS IlWlll'tled' three Air Medals anti u President ia I nit .it"liM, bat I f.eel I cannot lake credit fnr ~u( plnm-'.s when 1l1~ (t,tal W~$ the oly 1?1Jt' ) ('vet sh'lt ~t If! llt'fial ('urmhM-jl.st (Jllt:! )AM.1lSA.EYBHIIT., LCO~. AM'f.S',loW" • NAS WIUODIfY IS1..o.No-i?lanl,'s aoJ a~vi~ [.rom bere jli~ed in !b~ sl'arrn, for the





Lt. Cdr. Arthur L Schoeni

Izetta Winter


Assacia.le Edllor

Lt, Cdr. larry ,L. Booda
AnOelo!" Edilor

Lt, Rosalie W. Morli-n
.... oc;al. u EditaT

U. Cdr. Andrew W. Bright
A"och"I ..


Al.r .Forc;e


lost nea.r Prin(:t'~$

James M. Springer
Ar. Direclot

Rtlyal i~land off B,~jlish Coh,unbia. f'lv'~ und il 1):1I\'-M p:utidp:!.tecL


monlhJy ill' Chr ..f of Na"al Op"rolion. to d!l .. mii ..,t... I.tv. 1.,.;."r, ..,."i.Io"".cI alld Ioch,,1<6
If pfa<tlc"ble. odof ....

(0,·$0'1 and 8lfr .... u aa,a.

• Th.. pt;nlln9
bOle'! oppro.,,,d Buteau

O,partmlnt, Wa,hlJll1lan 215, Q. A...lllion H,wl, R_ l G.56,

Chlllf fff 1'1.. ",,1 0p"'''IIDIIIJ


".. IGII_

1)1'1" ecmnlll"l .. ulon Q(ln b. ... "d. 10 Nq-y<ll .Idi., oIIiu pilon.. 736&11 « 13414.

01 ""'011"1111"" Alt m6t1 11I0.ld b, NII ..al .... vial;"'n N.WI, NII!~

01 thl. by the of the 8"dget,

pllblicalioll hal I)j/ ..dor 01 Ih. 10 Jllne 1949




HEN VP-51's squadron insignia contest
bogged down, th ·jr wi ..-es w.(>ze let in on

ir and one. II former Disney carrconisr, came- up , v ,tb 'I winner, A guppy-belli.cd Earl)' Bird s:.llnds usn-ide the world, holding signal flags
and plucking a juicy "worm" out

or the Pacific. This mighrbe a snorkeling submarine fOUhd by it'll PB-I W planes. A.ulth4!r f~nl'iI\11 insigne is that of VP-28 feat!J]'ing 'I pirate With bombs and guns (wet a sub and ship itt bright colors. One of naval ""jat,ion's, newest insigne: is VC-33's mailed fist crushing a sub, while NARTU Lukel:lUrtt features blimps;

Bvo: ~nd one












·Whal happened 10 our old squadron? Was the carnler mothballed? And what, became of old Jct"Y? If these ar thequestiOD8 yon are a king, look to the Ncmal Aviation Ne"ws to keep you info ..med of what happened and what's lrappening now. Whel'['VI!I? you are, the News will come 10 your door. Je t send $2 to the Superintend nt of DOCUDJCllts, Wa hington 25~ D.C.

...... ASHIN'$TON 15. D. C.




NAME ••. ,

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