ACTIVE FLEETS

PACIFIC FLEET ATLANTIC FLEET
eVB
f... ~louewlth D
CcuClj
S«!ft

IwI Id ""a),

cv
"hiri,ppil'\.e lo .... er Seo
It'),l''''

~e,aUQr9-e Il[onv,l

VoU., forgo

Ori-sko"':t

IcotU;I.J

CVl
'otCidJ,\

Cebal Suipa.,

W"g'"

eVE
laci.lItI'"g 11.I(y

SlraU

Where Are The Ca'rriers?
defense takes. secondary imAs a result, when the Korean war broke out, the United States Novy hod three CV's operating in the Pacific where once 100 corriers fought. Compare the list of active cerriers with the Reserve flattops ItJid up beeeuse budgets would not permit their operatron. It takas time te re{Jctivcte ships but eventually some Reserve carriers will soil the oceons and fight agoin. (This compilation of Fleels as of T Jonuary 1950, J

*

IN PEACETIME, notional portance '0 economy.

*

* *

ON

CA RIERS, PLANES,

GUNS~

THE last Sunday in JU1,le, the invasion of southern Korea insrandy challenged rhe United NanODS co action. The United tares, as a member na-

tion, committed irs forces to repel the invasion,
While a general .mobilizarien was not demanded, Jt was dear our forces in being were not enough. Of 17 active carriers, only one was In the west Pacifi Fortunately we did have 86 carriers in the two reserve fleets, locaeed IH Bremerton, Tacoma, BoStOD, Philadelphia and other great ports on both coasts. ready budget cuts had rncde It inevitable that the greater part of our na al power must be in the reo erve fleers. We had approximately live rimes as many carriers in the "mothball" fleet as we had on active duty. Our carriers were giants awaiting a challenge,

In the old days, the Navy bad stored its ships by almost ompletely dismantling them? but the end of Wmld War If brought about a process called "mothballing," which put "ships on a leash:' JUSt as tbe carriers were protected in a state of readiness, so were the airplanes of the fleet. Exiled from the skies, thousands of aircraft were stored in such centers as Philadelphia, Norfolk, Cberry Point, Pensacola, San Diego and ALameda.. Hundreds were sent to Litchfield Park. Arizona, for outdoor storage. Ammunition depot all over the country were esrablished to Hero aircraft carriers and airplanes. The billions saved by storing carriers, aircraft and ammunition were negotiable assets, We knew at once (hat we could write me check, and irwouldn'r bounce.

1

!E~5EX,

~ROllD-

CAIIRI£~

OF

WORlD

WAR

II.

IS

SLATEO

fOR

ACtiON

CVE

CAPE

ESPERANCE

IS IIROUGHl

INTO

DIlYtlOC~

FOil. '£ACTIVATION

i:l.f.'t ; Loa tell

;._fj.l. ip.fI
rallge.

'.@@t
W,IS ;1\

Pr@seD,t Co,,,.n,itlftf!" ts
In Jul),. uddIn onal figlm\L,g ships were ordered ttl active Jury to meet cur commirrnenes in the Par E;1St, ,10.1 several of rhein were alKnlf, mrtif"rs-.
Slated for active service .were such great carriers as rile llut'x und the W.lrp. The Lfy/~'J conversico ha$ been pos~poned so thiU she cau reLnforce our t.1.n'i<:r strengrh, Cerwin ,11St1 ordered de-morhbulled, Had the uld process (If dismaatling decommissioned a:rrt prevailed, the rusk (If tu:dvHling 1l1l.J.~g our s!tip~ ,and

Thand.

HIl" GHI1A·r

(t'Sl 0.f

(.",'" long

~~or_age program

were

C:Vl;.s and eVE's were mdt'ted [0 supplement rbose already ou aceive duty, Several crllj~"{!r5, destroyers and submarines

nircrdr

would

hnve becor::osdy

and

tul1C'COnS0H1mg.

The

new pftlce$& brought up ft:lo.forcemltnrs effi~'ll·ntiy. When rile OU'Ifer'l. were PUt il1 storogt; :111 expr}scd surfnces were pfl)recred, und corrodible pnrrs below deck were

zippered ~[":ltt'. The C,l/;lJt. by then twO years under WfllpS :u Philndeiphin, was se:Jectc:&{o be the gllJnea pi.g. t So the Navy ripped off che wrappers and Iourni out. It learned whnt to expect when carriers emerge from (1)(:'mothball Ii('(;r. P;v.:kaged as fighTing ships, they came OUt the same WilY, The L"hOl ~tded rheql)~tion. Old sales who had :\cdva·ted secured shipS j n the days when diSJwancling. rocher [han n,othbll.!llflg, was the method, were deJiglneJ to find no Iivesteek aboard the Cabor. No rats, no cockroaches, no suwUng aside (df theezodus! it had been empty when sealed, lind so 11 remained. Even a tar
needs air; and one couldn't
IJ.

10 bartle :lnay, the Cabl}l WdS given rrearmenr, An.d so were hundreds oJ other vereran, ships of Worltl Wilr II rrom BostiJr'l to Bremermn, In 1948. the Navy wnnccd to know what I\l"IPJ?eneJ til carriers und,et these cow .. li[iol1sl WL\S rhe prcservaeion effec· t iver Hud it prorecred aerier.'! ag,llnsr tlte tHVl'Iging eremenrsr A good W"lIy ro IlnJ.()ur 'Was to rake one out of its

raetbod or in.. aivlllin!l.

the fall mothball

live

ill

(he sealed

dried

[lie of

!!pr:i.yed with plastic

p;lim. Topside

:irripl?flble

h{Jtid~

covt:ted

~pe(iia[ gear and gU.ll Il;OUllCS. .. . .. As the de-rnothbnlling process went Into hIgh gear. rhe Navy wits {.'Un4dem. on the basis tlf ('xpe,rlen:~e in StUr.ine: lind rent..tivRUl.lg the "b'JI, c~rL-_'tl:, rhat ~he carriers WOllkl be
~B

rcady for
This

C0l11bll,

at;

Wi!S rlll:' first carrier

the day rbey we~t: launched, eo be ~lIbJtCted to the modem

rile ·Caf,al. In Ill. RLJ.Ywuys, W(hballj.ng rhe. (.~~lJt in Phil~dclp~m had been ~I dm1!ellge, The Itlgh hurnidiry, corrosive :11.[ and fr.eql.1t:nt fmll ... eather (Oklj;d do rrernendous u:un!l:se to she v rn~tr\l. ~ngi~es"glli'.s and de!iol[c mecuanisrns of du.". ship. If the preservation were eHkient under these COtl~itlOrtS, ,it w(wld prove rhar It was iI method ro be depended Oll. A mothballed carrier is dlec.ked lit regular intervnls.

IUl!E

ACTIVA]"ION

T'E'AM

CleANS

UP

AND

PAINtS

C.".O.

MESS

'CREWRIP5

OfFPRI!5UVA

Tlve

COVER

FROM

CARRIER'S

FllGHiTDECK

2

'M3/C'!j

ROWE. HOWill

AND

SALDIVER INSrf:CT
WIIS

ELECTRICAL OUJl£1
s(OJluge,

PREPARATIONS ARE UN'DU

WAY TO HOIst

METAL COVER

"~OM

II:A GUN

During tllt: tWO years the Cabot crew had gone the mllnr.Jswcekly
rhe

c1u5ures of eacb piece of equlprnem, the composition cOIning on rhe night deck, rhe rhtn brown compound covering till lm.re metal. Three Jehwllidifying ,(D/h) .machines kept ai IT lit n ;OGf bumidity in three sealed zones 0f (he ship.
{'§l'JVA'r'iON ()f such ,( slup as a (artier IS no weekend , task. It's fusr. bur not' rhar -liLll[. When one considers that it rakes cwo ttl rhree years 10 build II (arrier, 11 few weeks co pUI II srored one ion ccrnmissiou 1~ speed. The size of the job. of acti.v<ltinil is apparerrr when \101' realizes d_litt the instrucri .. s on [be Lhinss to be done 1111 m the Cabr;t lilled seven bn(lb. The- engineering book ~Ione was (,000 pages and six inches thick, The scent: en the CtlblJI twO years llgo is being re-enacted agui 0 anJ Hgain mday _ Oli- come [be Iid~, trlepla.sric coatinBs, the sealing cornpcundsl Sealed places are aired, and geat stewed inthem fur maximum protecrion is cleaned ami reassembled. Boars me ftlled with water to sweJldry seams . Engines-s-hundreds of rnelll-arecbeeked and put iuto opemting coadirion. The rhousands of things to be done take rime, bur nor nearly as much time (15 buiHi!lg- a carrier, The lDt!OO.igl0()S are rnken ilK dIe glJll mounrs. Wben the GoI}mf was first morhballed, ihe gun mounts had plaseie covers, Silica gel kcpr ~he iJ1teriorsor the seai!;'d hood I.uy. but rhe gel bad to be remi'l'ilc4 oocusiomtlly for drying out, Thi-s meant breakleg the shroud lInd .rf'seahhg rt. 1'htre wes a bener way to do it. Metlo! igloos sealed -at rhe base 'were the answer, By plpit'l_g D h inru the Igluos. a continuous lJow \If freshI} dried air protected the suns, rfl1,IlY repair wurk wert: needed, it W(lS e.i.Sy (mougll co cake 01T the metal (over Accivl'I.dng reams are .finding thnr guns protectedin rhis wny are in glJod condtrien. In rhe D h areas (If (h~ '"IInl, om ;l speck (Jf dusreould be louml, nrnl other pa(kagedal~riers are likewise clean. Any inspector finds this cleanliness as d(IZ~ljl1g US "ll:n s:clmirals whitt' uniforru, except rhar lr's not quire 'bcl.i evab le, Of COUI5e, the hllfl!l.llr deck, where D 'h ,IS [mp£:u:.tical .is bound co h-ave tl dU5t eover, bur this is no major problem. \,\fhilc the dry airef cl\e D 11 sysrern shrivels the gaskets in the fire n111il1, 1\ shorr period of soaking swells the parts ana re-dghrens rhein, On any ,clrtier preserved lIS the C~bot was-and it became u swndard procedure-c.rhe ordnance men will find the guns ill ~()(:KIcondition, rhe engineers will /tuJ [be engines fClldy, und 11It: crew v.1i I I'll!d j r 15 aMi!in abwml [L F'gil (ing 21111 ~~. I

basis

of n

'6-pagt'

ln making

u six-nun an lnspecclcn on

check

list. 1'111.'crew

checked

the en-

A-

'REAC'l'rvAnoN

CREW GUlaB

PRESf.ltvATlVE

COVER AS n

IS I'IOISTEP

CR~W fiNDS

GUN

IN GOOD

COND!TI0N

AflU. lHREE

YEARS

IN STORAGE

3

lletttricted

Airpla.D@S
Provide

B@ody

I .. Storage

B@ser."e

AT NORFOLK.

FBF GRUMMAN

BEARCAT

IS PUllED

OUT OF ITS CONTAINER

OONI:R bad we become involved ill K rea than airc:raft manufucrurers began to plan [Q triple production, The speed-up WlIS immediare, bur ir will be monrhs before Jell very. Manulacrurers calculate that i1 a rate of 50,000 planes " year is set, it will cake ten months longer to reach thar point than it JiJ in World War IT when it took cwo years. The reason Is [hac pI nes are more complicated than they ever were. and ir rakes loo,ger m build them. Not only are rJ1ey mere complicated bill Fat mote expensive. Again foresighr pny ofl, The Navy will simply take rhousands f planes ut of storage, These will nor be obsolere crates, but up-co-die-minute rumbat and patrol aircraft, for. [he - flVy has ktpc its "on hand" aircraft rnoderniaed, The entire swage program was: 1\ dynamic one, Airplanes were fllllvated at intervals and sent TO the fleet in e..xrnallge inT aircraft which were brought back for overhau] ro keep them up to urrent smodards. Once rhi was done, they were canned 10 [I.L.[O. By ror:.u.ing the planes n storage, rhe Bureau of Ar:r(lnautics kept [hem up-ro-dare, In 1945, large scale, lOl1g term storage ot aircraft WIilS something ahsolurely new in aviation, For the firsr t1FOe, the Navy had more ilircr.ntt than it, could continue to operate. This meanr a StOI1Lge program extending far beyond the usual maintenance problems. The many different marerials find metals in an airplane complicated ehe 'p-roblem. The :spatuculttf developrnems iii aircraft ~lesign bad nut eliminared the ever-present problem of corrosion and deteriora60£1. It wa a problem when the aircraft was in commission: i I r ucreased when the airl:rnfl was stored, "Vhar would b,e rile. besr rnerhodr Could we use gigantic b~gs? pr.uy DO " plastic cover: l"LI[ ehe aircrufr in a metal l,omHit1er~ Park ir in <.t fnvorable clirrtare? Store rhe airplane .if, :l whole Of disassemble it!

N ,

o

HANE

IS HOISTJ:D Off

TRACK PREPARATORY

TO MINOR

ASSEMBLY

WORK

W~IS answered Lust. Siudying evef) method of storage, rhe Bureau of Aeronautics came w the conclu ion that the best plan was to preserve the plane intact. \Wheo labornwry reports based on tests over the complete range of 11l111udilY showed that 30% or less relative humidity proeecred rnerals ugaitlSt corrosion, it W;lS de.\I thar dehumidifi arion WlIS It must. Ri-ght at he SQIrl, in December 1945, a TBMwas wrapped In 6S-pllu.lld Kraft- paper ILl1dsprayed with 1/16" thickness nf Prorek- Qat, an asphllIt base rnsterinl, But this method was unly 11 fore.runot"t of the "cocoon." The "cocoon" was n spray~d poly-viny1 plastic srrippable mar. At first, it seemed highly practical because j[ was easy to spray no and easier yet t~l eake olf. Two men could scrip rl figluer In jig rime-s-seven minutes. Furrhermore, it didn'r CI:!Stmuch, ir could be 1)1)1on R.ny configuration, and it bad It low moisture 'i'apo.r rransmisslon rate. Low or nor, ir was In isrure rhac sec up the desrru rive furLe:>of corresien, Even rue 1J~eof dessicants die) not reduce the moisture co the required 30~f. "Cocoons' were nut, HE LA T question

T possible

t,ug that looked like a g1trage-tt riSiJ meral container. Furnished in IO·fooc seed ns of corrugated steel panels, the containers conld be used in varying lengths as required by the size of the 11itcrafc or the number of aircraft to be srored
m
tllf'

Wbar became rhe chief method

of right .';(oIage was some-

container,
.1

.

WHEUS

IN5TAltEI;I"

pLANt

IS REf\DY

FOUR HOURS FROM

ROMCilVAL

TlMa

of experiment, rwo elU1S became standard: Ont· (i)' Wide, t 10' IOllft and J7\r2' high; rhe other 25' wide, J 30' long 1lml !7 J, ~' 11gll. Of course •• my ~lesire t lensrh i
~lllt

/.\s

r

4

Restricted

Restricted

eOMBS FOR ',!lAY ARE 5·TA(:I(!':O ON fliGHT tl'E(:K

'COCOON'

METHOD FAIUD AND, WAS OlSCARDED

(Ol1l<1 be quickly assembled by imply adding on secrions, Canning airplanes really "'vrkcd. Vapor tight access doors pezuiitred entry, but th,lt wasn't often nece sax)'. for windows smuegic.'dly locared allowed exterior reading of temperalure anti relurive hUlllitliry, The recordings were \'itd~ McI voluminous. On one 40fl-flJo[ conrairier dutll1g a 30-d'll)' period, ~ .000 recordings were charted, Ac various centers rhmugho\H the country. the -smrage program was put inro effecr. To ready an airplane for canDing. it was overhauled so rhac it' ould be ready « fly when raken OUt. The las! englne run was made On a preservative mix which WlIS left ill the engine. The tires were ruken off. In the case of trainers, the wings", ere taken off also and sweet! sepaeately, but 011 the whole, ~1Irc.mfr were PUt into stcrnge intact. AI Litchfield Park, Arizona, :wy's great outdoor storage fadLif~'. [here ate hundreds of Navy planes of all rypes.. i-x . hundred men are , orking in Ad;eollil's hem ro prepare 500 of these planes for duty with rea rivated carriers. The surfaces of rhese aircraft were given a prorerrive coat which can be qUlckfy stripped. Canopies. windows, rurtets and tires were covered, A ready round of mninrenanre has made su re that these eagles of the I:leet will fly ngui:o, a few hour after President Truman ordered S_ forces to meet the CUJ1'UT\\Jllist threat in Korea, ships were :K;1tIding alongside the dOl!lis of U. S, nan] (-Qll.Sral :tml1'lun.iclol1 (iepQr lind overseas ba es to take aboard rhe oombs.lfltkcts. projectiles and carrridges needed by ships and planes (If tile Fleet. The fight1ng ships now being acuvared will be Fully armed, fm the Bureau uf Ordnance bas naval amrnuniticn ready fro en i [5 reserve 'StOck wortl1 IIpprm,j rnnedy $2,5 OO,OOO,[)OO
'THIN

coadieion. All this spells fighring ,power. is a perishable commodity, and many (actors cause the rare of dereriorarion to vary, DUORI) quickIy developed ar rhe end of Workl War 11 sys-r~rnsot preserV'JtHm m meet all requirements, Modern testing rechinqnes made it possible for B(101tlJ co determine rhe stare of readiness of hundreds of rhoussnds of roes 0 ammunirion with ail annual expenditure of well under one-tenth of olleper L'em of the material in reserve, Re,on~Lrio(l1ng of_ ammunition has gone on continuously ar '!IUnaval arnrnunirion depots. located all over the l."Ouotry. Ne-.ldy 50~OOO rom; of ·runrmmitioo have been reconditioned annually ::rr a est of approximately hree per cent of lr replaeemenc value. Obsoles-cent ammunition IS being rapidly replaced with newer rypes ro keep pace wirh modern weapons developed since World W,tr II, This program will assure rhe Ileer of rhe constant s11pply of ammuuldon it needs in order to .meer rhe crisis In the Far East.
SilKC ararnururicn

in serviceable

W II

Day, the Navy has sought always irs pl'lwer il\ a stare of readiness which would enable it rn increase its forces all demand. lr was clear In 194"j rhlLt the great MI'l1adas (}f sea and air could not be kept in full commrssion, and it was equally certain that we could 00! risk any method of decornm isslemng which would fob tIS of the power ro gcr lnro action quickly. Every measure rhar WaS raken co ensure the effeCtiveness o[ naval air power held in reserve. is netting us returns today. The careful preservarion of our aircrnfr -carriers, rhe effic:jeof sr rage of ~II [}'PCS of naval aircraft, and the chcrough maiorennnce of hl!!W reserves of ammunirion were measures taken -against II day of need, Thar &ly has come in Korea,
N THE Y]JARS since VJ

I m hold

MEN REMOVE LIQUID ENVELOPE fROM PLANE WING AT liTCHFIELD Resflri(Jtea

PARK

5

Night Ditching
Till'
!!.'I][crwj ng

hdcl om u th e li fe raft. is quoted

sm ternent

from H pllor's ;It"(ClLlnr of a ditchin.~ Oil a u:u!i(, rneoaless, l1ighr in ;ll'l F IU-~N. "Ac npptOXinl!ltJ:'ly G3l0 1 received 1I 'Charlie' ,,04 broke From r111~ AD and starred mv pass for Innou'g. On the up\\' ind end of the eeern al ahou r 140 knots, I colllDlcu:d Ill)' check off lisr [or lanJi'ng whh" rhe excepzion of full _low pirch lmdOI"t'nfng rhe canopy. When a_bl'~unof the slup I"I"tJ..:eeding dowuwind [I[ an nltiurde of 150 {O 17'5 ~etr and a speed of 100 "k,nurs, T cnUC!d Primary fly giving wheels down . Haps dawn find hook down check And :J.,1 rhe same [jroe advanced rl1e propeller to full low pirch, TIll" pmpellf'fWell( In(Q filii low but bru:nediatel)' thereaffer, rbere was 11 cnlllChin& sound uccompanied by a rerrific rwisr nr jerk and the engine slopped. "My rusc impsessioe was (hac [ bad hit rhe mast of 11. ship. 1 immediRtE!ly !lipped (he wheel lever ro the 'up' posicion ,lad held the njrirude vf the nircrafc as it was until I hit rhe wnter, The air.crufl: hlr in a fl!lr attitude and I consider the hlllUU,g ro hav~ been very smooth and easy. I immedJ1l:[dy opened [he canopy afre.r experiencing some dHllcutry ft'leasfng che emergenry canopy level. 1 gm [lilt of the pltme ::lI1d before l could swimre 'the end of rhe wing" the plane

on

ra

Neither rutin tl1t1ngbt to provide forquick escapt' uFrurhedil£hing br wcqging rhelabin door open Of by removing the ustro-dome. A good water luoding WlIS made in the Gu)f of Mexico. ami 0(1 one was lajured on Impact, The rwo pilors escaped rhrDugl1 the wclc:pir harch .LOUright window, Mean,I

"I inl1awd my life jaeker and attracted the- nuention (If rhe USS Bail!:,)', rhe rescue -ship, by usin,g rhe distress whistle atm.ched to Il'Y Mae West nnd was picked up at about o· 'S. Prior to using the distress Whistle, I attempted [(I use rhe n jgh I d Isnress sigl1a! It are arrac hed to my jacker. Ai[f,lf l'e'l1ding rhe inStrut'rions bi' the aid of [lie one cell Jlashlighr also attached, I pulled rhe 'D' ring on the flare :l1IJ heJd it over my heael, Wllen it ignited ~ht'(e was. a flash !)f Ied lighc which temporarlly fnghrened me eo the exrenr rhar I dropped the nare in the water, J nvesri g<l-ri.on cl isdosed ~h:ur rtl)' life jacket did nor contain .1 secernl n,llre,"

nosed

down

and sank.

1 ima.gine (hilt Ih~~., a.e a 101 of pilots who- have neve. 'l<ctllaUy fired one of ~e5e fla;l'n.. If 3 squa.dron, doesn't h"ve "nollgh "pa,"es For ,,"ery pil.o~·'0 praerice .-tiring- on." rhen. the av; ato"·~ equipmenT ofiicer should Il;et ,,11 cIu.· p.ilot$ together for a <!cmorut..,,rion of how th~ :fl1tr" works,. rid .. jl looks Iike .vhen it ignil~~. NQt long ago J read -a report of a 111gb! accident 1n. an_ AD-I.Q i.n which the-pilo( and cr~Wm'U'l \..-er-eexucmely lu:"ky IQC"" o ur "fteo- sh ea ti ng a win It o-lin nrlle ca rI"im: ramp 9_Dd honing the 11'111,(" hW"t'wd. The pilo! W1!,s30 or 40 feet under dw wHe~ before he. managed !Q ~u:i<;:If.e. him. scli' hQI)l tlw b~of<.enc.,dtlliL WJ,en bl; got

meur, The Chief Silt JOWll on tile Hom under water. gor his b:u1:: againSt ITu:' rudar station and kiJ.:ked the cabin door uncil he could see a Iirrle Ji_gb~ through the crack, He rhen carne up (or nir nod reversed his posirion. Wltl, his back ~tgfllosr the dour und his feeT on rhe radar starinrt, he managed co force
himself' nut.

while {be fW,O crewmen srwgsh.u Ul1SUCCeSsfully I (1 open the cab) n dOllf. When the water was walsr-high, the plane capruin starte-d fQn~l'::lrd to open rhe door ro the flooded pilots comparr-

h,,-,

The plane captain went down with the rv-z
•-t -l'
00 if

';5t;
If

G"atn/J.(rQ·

"eujb.t)flC- ~<1'I';:

I WO,"(I(·< how
C,"e:W

since rhu

thes" men had ""'''I' been instruered in lb." ,;:orte.crproc;eduni.s. Ce-rl:tl.iniy they forgot

long It had b~,,1,1 bald -a ditching drill •• _

me

name :md ;;wam eve .. (0 find thai this fellow's I iCc j~ckC1i: wouldn't irulatc. rn tbi> case the- pilot w~s 3.bl" (,Q suppori the crewman who bl"", h;~ whistle continually until lh~r weee -:;pomd b)" 11 boa fr,om tJU' plmw g!-l."Td deslTqyel'_ It W<Ul Iater dl'termrned lhal the crewman',. lite j Be !fcc fail ed to in H.. te beea 1:1$-'" III e e:JV w3& ,rnissln:Jl. on one CO.; cylinder releasc and too [bose to f'fMc~ia;; an the other, Think how c.1'refuJly yeu would 11l5peCI !1-~d" piece ."r "q:l1ipm,ent jf y.o .. knew 1,,, l'Idvance that yo .. wer:.- gorng to have to usc it. You never .know when you ma,y need )'!)ur 'Ilfe-tv equipment, SQ inspecr it and 'IM_m bow it wnrk,. b..fol'cha)1d.

(0 (he jng

his

surface,

he hMrd the ·c:.tewman

Sh9ut-

rwo very im port'"'' h""'6. you ar~ a P"cTol PI~'lIe Comnlalld."r, In a k:c su re I h" t ever y"_n.~ j n yo ur 0''' w kl'lOw~ e,.aedv what Iw is supposed La 90 iu -"-01 eJ"-,,rgcncy. In$i~1 On the ...."...r-in,g (1 f , life jackets on -o"~r... .,,~ fI ighls. Check a )\oUf SUf'V;VW "_quip,nOUlt (rNluendy_ You

nll!ylI y for years \\Iid~out ever needi III;: I'hiJi ~fl;dr.hUI ,..-hcn '_'oudn-l;Le.!!(] '!I, you'll need it had-.ilnd you'll be 100 bU$y io
giv.e detailed erne r gc.h cy • Instru~rion.. during rbe

Smoky Ride
111t:· pilot 01 IIIl F2H·l had been air-

burnt \lit !111 instrument pr;~o;;tice Righr f or .abol.l t 911 hour und \v;IS cruising- ac 3 r,Ouo fetlL He was under the hood lind hlld ;l chnse r:ijh.~[ Iollowi ng when suddenly rhe cockph _fillet! with thick
blue smoke

~w
~\,~

Gl'tUIlPUT!'

P<~Jli~otlt' St1"fS-

Fatal E'rror
011 UD. IJvcrw:uer Hight, the r"pc of pV-.! mid f.be rwu crew members

'Ct;tJlV;;ifuJatlOfis! Yo~u· di'rch;ttg

After

falhlfl'

liE

buth

'trl:gines whne
.1
[0

r!!-~h:nlqu« ~utder advl'l'l;e conditions .... s a l';I;.,elJel1(. Now a wom abou·t that n.ight dlstl'~s -sign.aI Ilarl>---dll' time !Q learn .how your safl'!:,y equipme.r!t works i befor·" you need .. it. noe whjl~ you're bobbing around 1n. the .... ll'l' !'loping lhllt 'iOOmeo!'!"",;U find YOll. a

prepare for ditching, During rhe deseen t. the pl'l ne 0<1 !:lmln S:lt v.·irh hi.!; back u;r the closed nldio comparrment" door. The mhcr crewman, ~ Chief Ord·
oaocemlill,sa,t
Of:'M

The pilot lmruedi:uely went coruacc and pulled his. emergel1tyoo:ry~eJl b,1i!m!t bottle to pfevem SI--lIJllC'lltlOIJ. 'HIS iostrumenrs showed th)tf his pOri: engine had flamed. oU( and bis starboard engine haed dropped (0 7!JIj, power. He Cl.lr nil switches tel the purr engine and noticed that ~br: ~mo_ke was

the cabin. exit :wd

pawing

aur of the thr'ortle

quadrant.

6

gency
\lU t,

He then called the chase pilot and told he had rt lire In rhe COCkpH end asked the dirccuon w Lake City, c'hinkiog rliat be miglu make an emerhim that I:u1Jing rhere, rheailerun boosts went At this lime

~m rhe pilcr cur (",IT ~11 electrical circuits including r11!:" radiu, He Ilddcu rhronle to the swrbouJ engine bur was unable til ,l!er an iI1C'e1.1:;e in power ()\tl.!f 70e/. At this time he decided t(l $h111" down rhe stllrboud engine and cut ;111 switches excttpr the t"l1j1line masters. He held :111 airspeed of .:!.on knots which gave bim ,1 relanvely slow rate of descenr AfttJ 'l fe"''' minutes [be smoke beWW
rli de,l.r up

flight emergency I.ike a ve,tlrrnn, kepl his h..-ad.. and br.oughr his p[!uI~ 5afely back over the field. The lowe,. operal.Ol' COil' Idbuted 'to the !Ilcddent by "(IOl w"rn("2 the- pil(lt of the wind 5hif I andsuggcs~rng that heery runway 23 or 27. The pi101 .alm.it-Sl Iba.t he tbO)l.Ighr he was "in" WhOlO h~ touched down and that he didn:,

Toot Your Own Horn
Who is rhe Nnvy's
During

ssfesr pilot?
we bgcl

the Wilr years when

have
he

his brake
"tllild

pedals

adjl4s~ed

$0

UT~I

.;lJ1..J

(It ubour 20,000

ft't'r.

rhe !,jIUl turned the blln~r: switch HI "EMEHGENCY" nnd ~mneJ the starbllMJ engine Afler d$(!:rr.ILnlu_g thll.l tile SI,II'bO'1r~l t'l1glllc ,'\ as. Iuncuoning prnperly, IH" sl".,nt'J rhe purr tng! ne \Villl both tng.u.le~ IlFt'r:llin,t.t ur about
the warn In_g J L!(JIl !ihnwed that the purt g..:nernwr W;L'i noe fum: rJOlllllg. 11'1t getS ga1J_gtS ,lilt:! wheel anJ Hap indk.rtors were flucruari ng, By this tune, ihc p!lUf WaS over NA
;1ttl rs

"cv,.

"I)ply ru.1xin,un, pressure, The Flight Surgeon ,dls me If''ll he is right proud of thj~ fell"w for getling on lOOq:oX}'l'len whet'l III cockp;.1 filled with smoke, bUI says Ihat il would havu beeD better for him to have "imply ·cJo,,~d the. diluter val"" on the main ~ystem rarh(!1' than use the b~iloul bottle, Alt.hough the bn llout boule supplies pu re oxygen under pr essu re, i1 orol)' I::I¥I:$ about 10 minutes. If t.he lire had incrC3$ed to the point where ejection or baiioul was 1111.(:' ""$~ty and fh~ pil", ""'~ ~liII a bov .. 30.,000 Jeer, 1." 11.1i~ht ha"e n""d..d the. "'"erg,mey boule ir, his J~;:<ml. It was deturrnined ...il{'l" rhe :Icddeot 'h;1t t1u. pi a n e ha d su IT eeed 0 n el eceri 08.[ lire in tbe same general areu some months earlier ,,'hi!e in the cu irody ·of annrher

over 50,(01) pilots oa ucrive duty, i! waS necessary to suspend the recording of Lodividual 111gbt time. Under rhe new IUgJu time reporting system, we will soon have il1[llrffiarlOl1 Wllich will
enable us to see who has piled up the

grearesr number {If tlcclclenc free hours, J n rhe meantime l'd like te hear from pilots who ftel chat they may be " CJ.U· didate for rhe rlrle of "U. S. NA VY"S AFEST PILOT". Do we have unyone, fur exnrnple,
who has
Ji(J\I'M,

over 0000 hours w irh-

n ur a f!i lot error accrderrr? Is there J. pilor \\'11() 11\15" mllde I!Vel; 5fJO C'J rri Io'f landings \ irhout a barrier c.:L1.sh? If yut! have ~ccomplish.eJehher of' !hese reinS, break mil your fU'\.IIIE"Lin pen ,1Il~1wrhe me :1 short nme. l3e SIII'C ro inchrd l' some rn f, lrrnMl ou nboue the di fferent minor

pOWCT.

be rurned

on

rhe

1!cner.

~'ILHldro n. Th i~ o(C'u,rr<i:d Wht'l1 an
Was

bt:en ('[].!I.lgeu

3 n'el~\p~

.111d

m"dc

10

st;lrt

che

pla.ne

with

an

uf tlylll}.: in, and accuiencs.
rypc,;,

111~lt

don'e

you

have

fudge OJl

nnd had reponed a deemergency'. After sh'\\~illg down [(} l'S knors, he m,tde re pcatt'd unsuccessful effons to lower fbps. The ferred

r ACKSONVTLLL

n

l·eV"t~'" p.,I-!ll'iry. Alrhough rhepJane' functioned sari ... factoril)' "her I'he replliu MCl'ssitltted by the ·earli", fire. it is bel;~v"d th"t som .. of the wirlnR in.sularioD Willi weakl'.ned "m! th3r rhis ,:o!JU'ibuted to the shor; circui I~ whichea"5Cd rhe .e,:,ond "l"Clrlc,.1 IirO!-

AJ?U

with

We' have 41.00() [nuivi<:.lu,u m:c:;idems ft'corJed by nume and dl!U;' III occurrenee, Of course, we may nor have. 11 csrd nn t ha t \II Ing -rip you ~crapetl 1t\ }'e',ul> ..lgl;l, bursome squadron mace m~y billie a memury like an elephclm-so be honest with me!

Which Way

1:5

Up?

wheels

also would

nor (_'pera'(l' normalemeti:,>ellcy

system,
lJ1ld

Ir. but were lowered by rhe

The pilor requested permission to oo ru nway -9 w hich afforded him II beuer approach than. _runway 11 which was in use, The rower llpcnrtor
8ffloled this request :md nnted rhut the wind Was from the SE, 'j knurs. The approuch was made at an airspeed u[ 12'5 to 1 ~O knots. Bm.hen-

WI10 dldo'l g!:r II mpy of Vertigo Set/,Ie? Routine dimiburion of this 5aicry pampblee was made recently, bu: experience showsehar some piloss get lefr {Jut. 1111'S pamphlet i~ fun til read <lnd coumins some advice that
like
11

ma.y
jtl:lC

save your Iife, If you would

free

copy

fill in the coupoo rum mail.

below

and stick

i.r

In an envelope or on a penny POSt card and I will Sec {ha~ you ,I!;cr one by re-

over \Vben the jet crossed tht hump ,It the inrerser.;tiun of nmwny 9 M1d

Sines were cut )lIS! before reaching LIlt; runway and rile l'~H-l touched down v.ery close to me ,lpp.rchl.( b end. At this point rhe pilot made the mi,~. rake 1)£ rhrnking dUH his troubles 'Were

Perfect Ba.lance!
The pi!C)~ of the pLIOt' picrun:cl above G flIJnl'a
NBv;il Room Dear

v.,

Pen ibone 2:5, D. C.
IP

was on his 111'sr[lighr

ill

an

FRF-l.

Snme-

nmwny L it hounced bilck infO the nit. The pilar pklshed forw:J:rd on Lbe srjck rdanded the plMIt', and npl"lied
brake.:;, bm tile iet ran OUt of runway !lnu Ule wheels were Snt'::ll'l-tl orr when

,\ clltt.h wa:; encoumered "bOki( fifty ynrds off the end of rh~ rlJm,,:W. . DlJrin~ rht: approacb rhe wi'[]J had shdlcJ S~) tbe lanJifl_g was sll,1:1 uI~ down-wind_
~~ ~ .. i-tP. Grom.p.4w Pelllf><me sa".: Thts
!l'U d,ghl

hmuillg. he noticed n SHIJOS ste-ady Inl!! [0 tht' JelL ll1e pilot applied ()pposi{~ brake. but WIll; uMhk' to m:lir1l1!in enDugh pres'5ure w stay Uil ehe runWflY-, The Be-al·raJ. however. had lost most of its furwnrJ Sl'ceJ by lht> lime it turned o~T rbe runwnv "od f\lJJ. dowrr .a 'Si igil[ illlJiJl e, ' ~rht'n the main ~ear hn 1\ small died)
rlu:, plmll" nosed lip and bnlflncoo on

time during tilt' f1lghr his purr tire went Hnt,Wht!f1 he CilJne In fo! his 11m] Lli

AVHllirm Nc:'Ws, Op.)H I D 40356. Peurugon Bldg. Grumpawwalll

Wa:shiflg(OIl I

live

I"

he

3. QI

old

j);5

ynu a=

Plm~e sef!d me' a ropy nGO SENSE"

"VER·

CDrp.s.

(he pmp which had I!Jmosl sWf'lpc:d roo
boy wa.s r~·ally cooking

1'.5.
.lust to ~how you Ihnr I'm a r.iRhr VVR

up 10 lh~ time be JQuched doWfl on th .. runW;l.Y. HI> handJ.:d th'" in.
Res/,/' iotIJd,

tJ.rmg. f ASItON-llOtllflleu in \I careFul ,1,I:ld expedi60us sl.llvag!l' job 0'l1.1d haJ rhe

guy. IW'm'c
;rl.llrunWOt

el,ll:Il £!kk my n(l&e' ,nm
wEliTber

wl1.'o on "

pl,ll:l. l'L1 rum mound "1 hIe JFR.

plll1le back In service

the next d;\y,

7

AVY

ROCKETS

HIT REDS
on [be HV AR Holy A1rne:r projectile. It has fat gre2wr penetration power than rhe "~,, bazceka rocket whicb CHn penetrate 1 I" of armor plate, first an
F40,

report on results from
from a M,Lrio('

use of

rlie RiI'l/t came

nltbnugh Navy, Air Force and Marines arc aU using it. The pilot kflock;L"ti uui rbe 1115r enemy rank he
hit. rhe missile
:,U1

t1.)'ing

boring

iOlo'the

rank

find

Ign iring

tn~' gm;oJine and oi 1 i!lSIde.
charge, the shaped

UnJike

explosive

charge $~lujm. II. stream of hoc gasses ~nt1 molten steel through steel plnte, A frer it reaches the inside of a rank, ir igniteS" ioHamm:1hll" marerials, burns
om the oxygen and scauers fled-hoc

metal around the interior. The Navy got urgent demaads for Il rocket which would StOP [he Noah
Korean ranks, elf which ardinitry [1r0· jecctIes bounced. Ch,ronologr 01 irs developmern reads like rhls:

gr.ound
cluding This

and

FCfafc reekers
OUR

POTF.NT

Air

Tllf!,rets
II

Force planes eo pulverize in ~ht Korean war, innew 0.5" unrl-tank mck.ee_
was de~igned and Koreau
to,

arc being used by Navy

Na'9'.devdQped

air-

rocker (,fIlY i"'~OhJ,lilt) PRo 9). Tile only other Nnvy lurCF.if, rocker, the newly·

rtew rocker North

developed 2.75" tvJighfJ Mome has nor seen !l:CtiDO in the war zone, because it is prfmurlly an air-ee-air rmsslk, .Llld Bll A HI{ is developi ng launchers for its
use.

produced
smash

by the Navy i.n six ·weel;<s to

The warhead. Shaped charges.. whkh were used ill both World Wars nod diu!! back to I S80, enn bl e J. rod.::1tt qr bszoo kll d uti ge to penersare no armored mIlk like a hOI needle through butter,

first ai.rctaft rocket or sh:Jpcd charge

ranks and is the contain a hollow

in

the neeri for n eank-penerrmlng missi Ie in Korea. U:>i n,g the pri1l6ple discovered' in the 1880's by PmJ. Charles E. Munroe While workIng

ect

The new ATAR (ann-tank aircraft rocker) WaS produced as a crush projto meet

TINY T.IM ItO'CI(EJ IILAST SHOor$OUl

ss POltl!;
W

velop a 65" rmJ,et for use aglihm ranks. 7 )uJy-BuOrd ordered NGT,'; li'lY01(·
ERN ro make a test

6 Ju.ly-CNO

or,J('f1.jd BllOItD

de

Other Navy rockers being !.Wed in

at the Naval Torpedo Sration fir New. p!lrt. R, L, it is. the .first 'aircraft rocker to use sbilT!eJ d.:mrge.s.

or

such a .rocket,

the dose air su.pI?on work of CorJain. Pllnlbt:rl and SkY'!fid,err :l.n:- the huge 11 75" T,,-wy 1'Nn. the conventional 5" HV AR rocket and the 3.5'~ aircr.Mr

I:\"ith a shaped charge ns UlllStfared :It che bottom of rhe facing pnge. Poweriog it is the same- 5" rocket motes used

Essemhdly,

ir

is

a

6V,;," head 6Hed

14' JIlI)'~NOTS TNYOKRllN informeJ Bu0RO it bad completed the lob. 18 JI1II'-Jn)'(~kenl was dtrecred to mak~ rnnre trJ~kel~ for Irnmeil late shipment m
Korea. ~9 }iJly-Fii:';! shipmen] tn the war zone by air,

was dhpateh~

roc~l·'

]6 AugiJH-Tbe Air force I1StJ ~he new f <! r the fi r~ dme i~ cornbat, t The
were hand-made but the rocker

1irST. ones HEN

~in.cc bas been I'bu:etl in prot.hwtipll'. .Navy Carrain J'oadcd W 1"111)' 1',,1/1 ll.7Y" a ircruft rockers
with

and bddges on l 4 Augusr. some aurhorines credieeJ it with being the
trains

plru;rercd No rth

KOftan

1I1l1JTl

u al cion

WiI:S CORSAIR FIGHTER e.ARIU£S TWO 1I1NY flMSI 5" RQCKiT5, MANY ROUNDS O~ 20

M.M

CARTRIDCES

highfyrimpomHu Han river bridge. This the lim published account of the use of TimJ against the Reds.

first combat use of the huge rocket; TIlt: carrier-based planes destroyed 13 Im:omo!ives, damaged 23, blew up eight ammuniricn cars, set alire rwo fuel oil crains, and strafed seven cars loaded with troops. The rockers desrroyed the

NEW NAVY 6,5" RAM HA5 SHA'~D CHAR,GE

~N NOSE 10 KILL Of"FlANK5

Contrary

to

'orne accounts,

however,

it W\lS nut tIle Thl} J ;",',). bow in .ombut. Aviarton records show the :Ivy used the big rocket on numerous raids ill 1!)4) during World War U aftet 111Vm,l;l developed it ;1( NOTS INYOKERN, First record of !iring of Tims against the Japs was Oil 19 Mat It 1945. VBF10 (lying ff the earner lntl'(fpfd u ed [hem agll.Hls( Ok.iuaw.l and western [upan ougetS. The same sq\Hldron, !ired them on raids on March 24, 26, 27, 29 and :;0 and on, March 3 1.1'-111 took its turn using them ll.gnillSt che laps,

Effect" was discovered by the Gt:orgC' W~shjn8ton University proW(1

fessor while he

w:LS

experimenring

with

guncorren, He put dyasrnire sticks around a [10 can. creating 11 cavity in rhe middle of a cburge. nod fonnd dtis assembly wt,)uld blow II hole in .1 heavy ted safe with less dynamite than was required jf the explosive were placed
llar 1 1;1inSi the safe,

charge l\.I1J its disrance £rOrtI the side of rhe rank [fortification is careful] figured ur, t\ shaped charge wuh n shallow hellow would give ,1 wider hole bur It: s
penerranon, u narrow

grenades, hazooka shells nd dernolirion charges all else the Munroe effect
to .good advantage, as well as arrillery

S1111fr

while the deep norch gives: of fire <l{ld steel. rufie

On April I. rhe same fighrer-]; rnber
ourfir
ngrunst the Japs au Qkinaw:l, Next use .... s aboard the ~r;!Xilig-101~ when fighters a

Hew ground

u.!?pon

missions

The en'ity in the nose of IOcby''> sl,~ped dutrge IS JigureJ mil sCHmdfl cnlly so thar ir is not roo shallow nor roo steep. The inslde is Iined with II steel [acker whit;h gi es the expk ive ubsrance in rhe warhead something to throv fo!w;'ird wpon ignltion. The fuse is at the rear 0.f rile powder
charge find

shells. Armor-piercing shells have a h~!l.vy steel nost', while shaped charge arrrmunirien has the hollow nose nne! thin windshield thar serves mosuy to make it Ill' str:lIghrc[ to rhe mrgee The cone behind the nose focuses rhe explo LVe force ag,tiost the armor. of T rank rbyocss of penerracion is much a shaped-charge jet
HE
II

worked over .Marcus Island harbor ill' sttll!l1tions with Thl,)' Tinu, The W dSP senr \'BF~It', against Wake Island 011 18 )111), and againsr aSlern Japanese airfields on August 13 carrying the 11.75" md:.ets. Fina] use of rhe rockers in the Wac came on Augus[ 13~ when P13J B~1..;) 14 Marine bombers [rom VMIHU raided merchant vessels off estern JapilH \,IS' ing Tims :1S weapons. 'The nexr cI':l¥ the .Taps sunemlexed. i\ squadron (If CQ!" ,ldll'f equipped with Tit.1 TJTllJ was sent to Eaglaml to hir v-z mckee laur ching bases bur no record could be Iound or their s.eemg action. The Ti I}). 7 i1ll f(xkct. is f.lf lut,g!:!! rhuo ~ny other, used py the U. S. farces. its 1 J .7)" diameter compares tel [he next iu size, the Y' HV AR. Ir weighs i173 pounds and is 04" I ng. Packed WI rh r 52 pounds o£ TNT 10 its warhead, the rocker's business end is essentially 11
i

burn I ng
u,

regresses forward

after ignition.
Inc pwgIesse~

As the explosive
creates

moves outward tit rigbt angles to the surfaces the charge In the hollow portion of Ihe shaped charge, rhis force corning from rhe sides of the cavity is run enuated iruo 11 jet of superheated gasses, it melt'S the sreel liner and pro-

r( rce,

burnhrrh

or

jeers this srraighr

forward,

along

with

rhe gns, :1.1 [Nrjfic speed, If it should be shot upward 0.( nlghr .. ir would look like ,I searehligl« beam. Linings were developed: ro go with the shaped charge to give the expl ion something CO project ahead, ff:l.gmeors leading rue W'ay far larger pellets of melted steel To get [be m(J51 good om (If this whire-hor arrow of steel and gas, rhe shape of the holL wd 'Jl EXPLOSIVE

like rhnr of a high speed jcc of water from " fire hose nozzle penermutog a bank uf sofr mud, Target marerial is spl~hcd OU, at high velocieies radially from the poi,m of irnpacr. The srrengrh of the ru-mor plate is of litrle consequence because the pressures f;l.roduced ur rhe puinr of impact are tlr above (he yield point of most materials. Besides their regular grenades and projectiles. the Germans put shaped thur,~es our wirh mugnels to hold them to rhe sides of rnnks 1111til a time u c
ser

Kamikaze thinking, put diem on the end of a long pole and expected It soldier to hold it against the tank unril il went 011.

it

off. The

japs,

with

dreir

US\.11l1

jOO~poUlld

bomb

WIth

a rocker

molOr.

and fins attached co ir for driving power. Although shaped charges \ ere used by Ihe German and J aps, u ell as
rhc Allies

pillboxes, tanks. fvrdfkatiQns 1H)d armor plate, man)' do not undersesnd the principle on which they work The "M1.m~ Restrioted

dunng

the lasr war,

,LgtllflSf

WINDSHIELD
SHAPEO CHARGE OF POWDER: IN RO(;)(ET NOSE GIVES IT POWER

ro

DRill

THROUGH. H.fti\VY ,<IRMO!!

9

Restricted

5,700 Horses On New Propjet
rario is I I. ro through tWO sW,gcs. To keep propeller stresses from being rransmirted to the compressor-rnrbine drive Sill1fL, there is II flexible coupli Itg between [he compresso-r and the -,gcat box, Tbere are 13 srages eo rhe axial the new ,engine, now H~,jflg in the l1m'V (('l11prCSsor nrul three Sfll:g#S in the Ol1Se of a B-li, is n single unit with ratinss bel ween 5,000 1100 6.000 hp. h W115 nubine, The burner is ~lie annular rype_ Srainless steel was usedalrnostexduJevelopcd by P&W in Ease Hartford under the ilusIJi!.:cs uf ehe Nnvy's Bu- $iyel~T 10 the consrruction of the T·3--1, inCl'cllsih.g its ruggedness, Basic weight reau of Aeronautics, The N.l'vy also supof The engine is 2,550 lbs., a ratio ~f pureed the developrnenr of the twin unit more than twO hp, pet pound of weigln, Alli"Sl)tl T-40 now flying in the Convair Con:t~QI of the t'-.~~ SImplified by is t>"y patrol plane ::Lnd rile Douglas AlD ha,·.in,!,l I1nIY('Jne hanJ]:e for eonrrolling fLlt!lck p Iaile, irs operation as compared with the three It was the Navy alone which kept the auboprop pr{lgmrn alive on rhis side of for the mnvemlt:>mtJ I'¢cipr.ocadll,g eogi_oe. TI1c single lever is linked so chat the Arlaneic dnring the postwar period. it autcmarically controls fuel flow to Experimental nighr resting of [be coordinate i r with prop spee-d and nlT.~I !~ now underway wirh one ensioe rirude for u given power setring. lflst.d.le.:! as the lihb eoglile in a _B-H. TIle T-l~ is j'YI inches loag JlPJ has lr is (ll~wetful eno~gh ,0 keep (he plane flying wirh all fnut regular en- 1I dj:\ll1er~ of ~() inches, In the test pro,gr~ro it hus been hitched ro a four· ~i nes inolplt"rrnivl' wi th props fe:trhered. (See -pJJrJt/) abFHlf) p&\W chief [CSt pilor Harold Archer has accornpllshed " rhis fcat J:lJ!l-ny til1les. The r' H becomes rhe most P()wt't-ful turboprop anaouneed by either rhe u.s. or Uri rain and rakes its pblCe. alongside
AVY. lEAJ)URSHJP ell-

gines was further solidiJied recenrly when the 5,700 hp Pfi11t _& ,:qhiwey T·Jl Tu"bo- Ufa,rp engine was unveiled fOI rhe hrst lime.

N

in rurbcprcp

bladed

}-j:lrnilmfl

SWfldard

inti-gc.,J I),il

OJyMem propeller similar to those used on Pan Americall Ajrw(J,},s SlrdI0C1'1dser~._

Under eensrrnerien ftu use- later with rhe engine are high speed pcopellers. When cru ising with an ~ngioe stopped, fl special propeller brake IS used ro keep the engine frum eurning over because even ,:I ~Iight force on the feathered propeller G1.n rum [he shah un rmli()prop engines,

(A [h~ air inlet area j's by hot atr bleed, As, for fud. [be engine (<111 operate <-J? e~ther high octane ,gasnlllle o,r spefl·JC1NO

O·done
W:lS

lilt:" '?-t?"@ )_.", '11, •. ".' J"" <:-,Ug'I'~ WIU! 6.250 lbs. of rhrusr dry wirhour after·

,-62 pounds per ho ssepower h0111' during the 50-hour tests. This compares with specific consurrrprion of high powered piston engines when operating ,at' hi,ghe~t power ratings. As wlrb all eurbr» pmps, rhis leaves something [1) be desired in cruise fuel consumprion. MIJ_p! Llwi 20,000 hot! rs of tom nenr testing have been Logged 011 The ,[~Z4- hltbiO'~, campressor and burner, \ irh J 4.,000 hours Oil the compressor alone, On complete engines, I ADO hours ho~'e been run.

rial jet fuels. Irs speo fie consumprlon

ro-

"':(:"i:(t1ol".

~... -.>t:4

.'~

""......

T-."I

burner. 'Fhis new rurboprop hi-gh pressure axial

HOI\>

ls n, si'ngle unit gas turbine
r.;}4

engi ne [hut is coupled through a redueriOIl to tl propeller, Tile recllctiOll

s=

IS

:SINGU

UNIT

AX!Al

flOW

lUR80PRDP

to simplify

ptnjecI was begun in June of !945, I\S i r stands J1QW the engine has esreeded j rs eri gi nal rt!J uiremears by 1.600 hoursepower, .;\S fl single unit engine. ie promises
insrallatien in bIg, planes.

(:,.u..

j

u

......

utp' .......

',L ...... ~_

10

R r;.sUic te d

CANADIAN'S

NEW 'C'·loo

twiN

JH

LONG RANGe-

FIGHTER

HUD

SPEEDY

oyal Canadian Air Force
Survival in the Ardic, Search and Rescue are Special Tasks for Jet ..Conscious (anadians Bunding Up Forces
ig I,QaS ou t o-f :ce bk.u::ks. iII frozlin Arcne, earlog raw !ish and b(lilirrglJ.eld l1li(<:;: may seem a strange occu pat ion avi aror:s, but roday s Ruyal Canadian Ai_[ Force pilot i~ Ie:i.rnttlg to do jusr rhar, In peacenme. nurUfJ:lIy, all air futile like the RCAF which a(q\.litte~1 itself so valiantly Ilgainst the German L1Iffll14ft: tu til S co or he [ acri v ities and survi val j 11 Inc CmmdlaQ norrhlands is one of them. 1rs primary ()~("lIp~ul,Qn if> buiJding up

B the

,tllLDI NG

by

C}l1lwla's ReAF 'is not large, jdJged U S. Standards. with only nine
and 17,300 ot1i.ecrs and men,

ror

squadrons

Hut It operates such planes ,IS the de Havilland jt!l VaWp11"" the 1'·)1', ~4hre,. now ~ing bullr in Canacla, andthe Ht;:W CI'-]iI'1 rwin-jer all-weather Ctgh!er whidl
has recei ved eX{;(;II.Ic:n t advance notices. The latter is powered by a (ana.qianjer engU1e, "he Ore'mlll, Besides-,hest fast jets, rhe CuIladiaris

b~llr,

huve their

:qllO[l\

of

LaIICo'lJ'ler

bombers,

Ihe
(1

operurionalelemenr

for the whole uf Cnnnda, operate Arak s)I'rvival schncls and ser lip a widespread search lind rescue network, for the

course, rremendous

ot '[he- force, of bur it also -bnd:s lime to l;tunch

aerial mapping

progrrup

similar sons

flOW fatnOllS for rheir aerie 1 phocogra phs of th~ frtnel1 norehlunds; Nr,rl/' Shlr transports, D..l;tllUJ, CII'fIJlJ Hying bauts
TO

inrercepcor squadrons, rhe lust one being Ionned in 1948 and the second in 1949. Imercepsor nircro.ft require more ~klll.ed pilots and trained ground personnel, They need ground radar and mmmun[catjl.lns [u guiiJe [hem co approaching enemy bombers. Work is u nderway on rhese necessary facilities. JJ1.d ,1[60 on renoviUlDl;; wareime tlYlng starions now required once again, and ol'le.!l"telldlng \V!l!nhle rljJlways, odgirl,ally built primarily £<,)rhghr trainers. the regular Air Force, Re· rtmdliary squadrons nre aclive, 311(.1tand as !t first-line reinforces men, fOJ: [11<:rune acrlve units. There nre 10 of these Reserve outfits, six of them equipped with V,lm1,ire jers. Traiuing
ESIDE.">

NorJl:;li>l1l

11',aaon.

f1l1atplane. Pur su;m~g:ic reaand economics. the peacetime RCAF has mncentf{!.(ild on jet-fighter

PBV'~, and the ubiquitous

B serve

basis. as in the Naval Au Reserve. and the squadrons Include groundcrewmee in ilddi(io/l to aircrew, Firsr of tilt projected Reserve grou''Id uaus Was {nrmed i~'1949. with others
is on a pa![·tkme

to follow.

Air<':few muning

hus

been

in

fnll

swil'~ for a considerable rime. The aircrew recrurt is se.k'{:wd 1!.fa classificariOfI center a.~ ~ potential pikir. navigll ..

RCAF NORSEMAN

BEACHED

AT 5AWM~lL 8.A'I'GHS

GASOLINE

fRO¥

A CACHE

ALONG

HIE

or radio officer. Those picked as posted to a base where [!ley fly in Canadian versions of the SNJ. ll-ID and pm. Upon complerion of basic tt';'tloing, the piier g~ts his wings .. He 'then goes CO ·Ai.r Anaamenr School and rhen, about Q yeu.r I1F~el' having entered the service, he is POSted. to .an Operadonal Trainin_g Unit or to a squadrou for advanced uRlning . GrouQdcrew tTitin1ng includes tech-

pilots nre

IUt

11

Rest·rioted

rue I schools for aero-ecgirte mechanic. nnd air frame mcchani«, rndar and sig~ 00,15 specialists, nrrnamenr . nd clerical [cades and a scheol of photography, nil Iocared at vnrious pia ~s abouc the Dominion Unique in the ReAP trarrung program is the Survival Training School, which operates at Fort Nelson, B, C, aud Ollnbrldge Bny, N.W.T. Here serv1ct". ;lircrew learn how (0 live in the bush snd Arctlc zone, getting rralning !rom experienced RGAP mea, with Eskimoes iI.lld ludisns asslsting, TIl is school is plenry nlg;ged and deserves special mention. For three weeks, [he aircrew live in bush shelters or an Eskimo igloo they buile chernselves. They take alMg emergency rn[) ns but ihev get pretty thin if they are not smart enough to live off the counrry by fishing, hunting game, making lichens and mQSS, seaweed and small rodents. A sample meal mighr be boiled mouse MO lousewnrt, :I bordble-sourulin,ga:I:Iair rhat is described ;1S rile IDOSt tasty food pJulU Iouad ill the North if you ear die
1'00(.

men learn what they are and how ro cook rhern, A crew I!)f a service nircrafr fl)n~ed d( wrt ill the Arotlo=-and if hap. pens every so oftt:n-might starve "(0 denth, nOr knowing that edible ustaining food might be bad for rhe taking. They find OUt all salt water fish are et.hble excepc sharks bue rhar many norrhern fresh Water fish contain pamsires that w[U Sicken the earer jf the fish
Me nor well

cooked.

Thlrry rypes {if edible plant life exist ill the Arcri, and sub-Arcti and the

a COOSClll1L battle between the planes and rhe weather, f If Jte'JS to be photographedmust be free ffomke and snow. NADDmo~ to fitting i-tseLf ro serve Planes follow wi nter northward and as an efficient defense force, the 'Stare shooting on the heels of melting ReAF has various peacetime tasks which snow and ice. In some areas, however. 5eJ:Ve {he public interest and give per· convection cloud forms as rhe land sonnel tmining of mllitl1J'y value. Largwarms, :mQ it IS nor UIlUStUU in eerrain eSI of these" IJl planes aml men, is the Legions to find only ;J, few days Judug aerial photographic coverage of ·iUIll.da, the entire eason suirable for operations. being carried OUt by three p]](I[Q squadTo obrsin coventge uf these [eg:ion~, rons, the It AY JlUl51 be J!l [he spur, ready The work of covering anads by to Il}. 15 to _0 hours 11 day, while conaerial camera began in 1921 Rad char diti ns remain good, ~ feat made possi-

Some "graduates' of the scbeol come home Wilh dodullg sagging nlter loslng as much ItS 1- pou ads . ./1S one of the more rhan 250 officers and 111el1 grad.uated from the 5c1100,t pur it, "If you're "ill alive ar the end of rhe course, you know you've passed:'

position lines, Photo operations provide

year 280 square miles was phomgmpbed. [n 194$ a roral of 911,000 sCJu re miles was. covered. The squadcons operllte rhe Iengch lind breadd1 of Cllnllda, Military and civil maps are prQcluced from the aerial photos, and the pictures are used in many ocher ways. They serve asthe ba is for geologic nlaps, opening 1.11' new mining areas. They are used for forest inventories, in irrigJtion prnjecrs and bydro-elt!ctric development. Abour 4(l planes cprry on this world's greatest aerial photo program, using trimetragon and vertical cameras, horan stations aid them in gening exa

I

RCAf

PHOTO

'LANe

lOST

PROP

IN AACTIC, REPAIRED ON THE 85ACH

TO PROBE AIRCRAfT

rc IN G,

S,HARl(·LIKE UN

.IS PUT ON NORtH

STAt

12

RC811f'icted

Restricted

LANCASTER BOMBER. PLAYS PART IN tl&LPING

RCAf

MAP D1E MCile

ble by aear-roucd-rhe-clcck daylight conditions during summer months. It is in rbe Far North rhar aerial photographs reveal Startling inaccuracies in existing maps. Ir was found from photos that Aklmlsb islaad in james Bay was practically upside down on the maps. In another case. a hamlet Was found to be several miles from its prepc:r Jocarion, and another photo plane rediscevered (he "lose" Spicer Islands noreh of HuJ~ son Bay. One Lancaster photo plane discovered two uncharted islands in .Foxe Bssm, covering 5,500 square miles. Lencasters and Dakota.! do the pborography, wir.h Nll'fl0men'seaplane. CIUI-li)

amphibians and Dtlko&dl' Rying 10 supplies to remorely-Iocared phem units
in [he wilds.

IMPOI~TANT[00 arc [he peacetime re~r(li1SibjLirjes of the ReAF's Search ,mJ Rescue organization, a perrruoenr tlgeney since rhe war. Th.s urfit carries ulJ! c'lfJill1if commiunerus under I AO which state that ihc DO~liillun will maintain ~UllJ[ganizl\tilJn capable of glv, ing 1\1~1 m arrcrntt in distress on the Easr and West coasts, Search and rescue runes also 11C!!p

planes in inlaml areas, sueb as the case when a U.. Navy plane was Iost in the wilds of Manirobs recently. The ReM doesnor run a free ambulance service for bush dwellers but where the job is a We or dearh marrer and can not be handled by private agencies, it will step in. Some of its most spectacular missions carne as a result of ..urlOI:6ciaJ" calls for help. five major centers Mound Canada coordinare search and rescue workHalifax, Treason. Winnlpeg, Edrnamoo and Vancouver. Planes for mercy Illghrs are widely scattered in northern and coastal areas, High speed launches are stationed In some pons and speciallytrained pala-rescue men. ready to drop by parachute 10 leud aid, are stationed lit vurious points across rhe coumry. These men are fully-qualified W(.lOUSITIC:J,

35 with marine cca.h rcqulri"ng assistance, plus 116 "mercy flights." OUt of al! Ih1S, ReM rescuers cice the Golden Rule fur lost pilots in the wildemess-estick wid) your plane, it is larger and. easier ro find man YOIl ate, wandering ,unong (he trees, roNSTR cnox engineers of the \._, RCAE have (0 use ingenious rncchmls ocClsionlltiy to co m!:» t A rcric condiri n . Seemingly carrying coals [0 Newcastle, ronstruction men 'brcughr refrigerarion equipment into rhe north tu fight the perrnafrcsr which affected (heir work. Perma-fresr is :1 year-round ccudlrion of rlre ground, which keeps it frozen a few Icer b low the surface. In milking excavations rhis frozen grOlmd is exposed tp the acmnsphere ~LOJ becomes rnus y. If <':O~U:T(.'tc runwn;'.) are poured 00 mushy .ground, the fnunclaricu is 11tteneci when rhe grnunJ refreezes. To counreracr rhis, R AF englneer~ attach (opper tubing co 11 reo f,rigenltioll unit and place it [U the base £ [he excavation. The copper keeps tile ground frozen while rhc concrete is b::in~ laid arul solid Ioundarions nrc the result.

During 19~9 [he RCAF handled J13 search and rescue operurinos, eying more rhan 3,600 hours. Incidents ~;'luged From all air drop of insulin 'or :1. pm,&ellgCJ 'tmt.ldeu In . $111.-" bound rrain in British Columbia ro parachute jurops [(1 ail! d Imessed flyers. FONY rWII of tileIllghcs dealt With planes in disrress and

trained in fusr aid.

tWO

RCAf MEN IN SURVIVAL TRAINING

COURSE fISH fOR THEfR MEAL

HOUSING

COSTS HAVEN'T CLIMBED MUCH fOR

iteM

SURVIVAL SCHOOL

..

13

Restricted

Helicopt'er

Is Busy at Sea

Coral SeQ plane Guard Flies T18 Hrs, HU.2. (. I~EI-iUl\ST-CI;timanr uf a record for utiliz;uiol1 i a trusty J-1 ~ -I heliroprer from rhis qnadron which flew [18.7 hours ill J, days while do.ing pl(ll1€: guard dury for eVB COrtll
\'lttl,

11 norrnal takeoff' and nu,rJIHII landIng, The second plloc pL1yi.ng (he role ul Dither, does just the opposite, Usually O)ibt'rl w til pull om of rhe chocks with his canop}' open blast rhe line with hi' thr trle, wing !laps up, dtve Haps down ami, Ln. the process df

rurning;

invariably

will

cock

his nose

The rrier W\lS engnged in qualification lind refresher operations a lone rhe Atlantic coast, Each of the 1;WO pinwheel pilots was able to rescue a downed pilor from the ocean durin~ Ill€: tour
Mainrenance, ai! usual. plished, 11( l1ighr to avoid was accommissing any

scheduled IHght. Ais.! Dote ort hy Is the bct that rIle bel icoprer had exacrly r 20 hours 10 go f~lr " m.:tjor overhaul and cngll1f' ch an!,'e, 'W hen ir S(~ rred on she cruise. yet w: s operating perfeorly upon return, The post-cruise check howell no discrepancies except a bUllied O\J[
10tor

wheel. I nstrucrors poi or OUt rhe rmsrakes Vi/bert makes. Afrer [be plane taxi our, students and instructors move [\1 {he ru rrways and observe landing.'). Dilbofl dWll),$ manages W muke a high f:\S[ approach followed by II low slow uproach. Earl ami lare waveoffs demonsirate I1\JW 11icely the plane responds.

Alameda Ready for A Bomb
Station Trains 636 In Atom De·fen5e NAS AI.A},1EDA-T;lking the myStery and fear out of atomic energy is rhe nbjeq: Qf rhi tarion's radiological deense course, recently eompleted by 636 ll'1.ilitary and civil inn supervisors, rnoni[01'9 and leaders of deconuunlnation
live-hour indecrrinaricn course promote undersrnnding ( t atOmIC energy on which to ba e inrelli!lent and coordinared action in evenr of

brake.

Danes Hold Fete For U. S.
Morine Guard
At Aalborg

.1.,/

Ceremo.ny

Va.24, E Gr:.AND-Dury .... 'irh (his European squadron is not slwav ronrine, Om: of the jobs of rhi squadron i rn £urmsb cransporrarlon for a Mluine color guard' [(l Aalborg. Denmark.
Severs] decades a~n Danish-Am ricans purcha .ed :1 large traer land our. side rile iry ~tnd presenred ir eo the

lie

oj ib« Nfll!\'J Iletl' a big, !JMt·_" {igl>/1Rf!; airtratt "(JI/}~re4 hy 111) AIItJ(w turbuPUlP ",,{gil,,: T!)" .fet(Jllif pho(.tr IfhollJ bou ,hI' €}w;irtt, II Illsh,U"d. Tbe tIM;! 'tJ,/tk is r,1.e/lii!1' "olt#f'tl trllfll Ihe r!llglllt! hv " tireprou/ tm{kbl.wt f.>;v~'i,l..d r.t ilh IIHrhQar,) ilrtfl!f,f ta cu! (i1'Q b.azll1·d. "rbll /Oll'tn' p-h()U) 1hlJli'l tJ ~tf' IJmlilli1 bo'm/; desig» ,/III)II/O/IM In' Drwgi4J 11/ 'ie.gtlW1o Jot hJgb-l(1c<·fi P.f.alltJ »,
Newly-relea,ed

photos

allrwk

pldllt·, lh~' A2D,

il> deSigIJed en

units. The

King of Denmark. It was to be made inro it natrona] park cornmtmor-.ning rile. pioneering sp-irit of earl)' Danish
r ..

L'Jw!i ibt: shlfp" tb» A2D is 50 <'/QI! /.lJJ,;r ilNn with Ih~et!! ",md,lr# 2,000 {J.,lm4- b(~lIJbi

~mmk ;Lhatk <mJ co k-.1ch students their responsibrliries for radiological safety ,JQd defense. teanwbile, ,1 cli':! 'ter bill, including
radiological defense measures. wear inro effecr 1'\1 A1JlJne~1l(he la:,( of July. The

emrgffltl[S ill the

A large 108 cabin in rhe renter f the p'lrk serves ItS :t museum and is fil1ed wid! reli . ~,fearly American life in. cludiug Indinn headresses, bnws and arrows ancl rornih,.\IIks. The p;lr'k is named Rebild arional Park after nn early Danish settler in Miltl1csora. Every year since (be end of rhe war rhe Navy has ftlroisi1<:d a Marine color gunrd ~OJ the speclni Fourth ni JuT}' celf~rnlOn conducted In the park and presIded over by the .KiJ)g of the Dalles.

of!icer·nf·the-day is the lm:ll] coonlinstcr. His office nho. is disaster Control center tor rile vast A larneds and anm
lara counties, • Vl-21i-\Vrl.Of to see [he Wurl~) Area tHm ill arizarinn j{1,dlr~ have been made rrern uur b'l!ie I~fl Guam nj Mallihl, Sio.g>ijJOre, Hnngkcng, '1 okYQ. Hawaii, 'Fruk, PdellLl and Srupan.
• MCA Cl1l'l!llV P()IN1--c parr of rhe .urerservice exchange pt.1\JCy. a nigll[ ~JlhlU team 0f the Royal Air Fm(e wlll b~ as~igl1eJ. J IT the 111."«' I uIUJ~ tl) .A irarof[, fl~~t Force, Atbn tic ar litis statlon.

t~I/'1i, rh;j'l W·' I h.lirm<l'/ 0/ JON" Cbs«! \ o ':it.lfj. II;!!! !>if ""ltd _II tbc couu ob 1)/ .1 S./I' , /JI1il/11 t'j'i'lp. /'lfild".J Itt·, 011' 11" .. r, lI"i,,, hi/!! rt Lt. :I,"mY L. lY tcsemaun, US . ,';,,"il' ",Jot

More a.ccy,stomed to JrJdiJ};

;;r",I" C, '1<'1,11 Om,I" ~"'. /J,.ulh"

t:..

''''',HlI

Jet Training Has New Idea
Dilbert

Shows Pi'lots Wrong Technique
WlliHNG FIR!

NAAS

o-Here's

.1

new uppronch to a n:;Iinlng problem that helps rn indoctrinate srudenr pilots aml

;'Ipehle tim/ C. Enck10n 'll)~ or NAS MJNNIlAPOLl 1<:>:41""n(l illlltltilMIHI 12' by J'
Chief Ittt4J

r..

h,Nul ,,/ ,be pilm g.ollml tcboo! bvd,U1'l/:, tbe, Jesigmd "lid bll;h 10 tlb pill) qll J/,ip "rid pJ<JfI.~ rl'JtoJg1l1tiol/ '1fodl1h ,/eiHil

(,UI',

reU'ss"J

In ,. Pjt~Jdg811""J'

f;,jlk.

give [hem. greater confidence. Each new dll~ reponing In the jet training unit gees a Right demonstrauon prior to caking irs fin hop in the 10-1. 'hat' nothing new, bur the way jru-i al7lc$ it, It iii unique. Two planes are scheduled for ('h~ demonsrrarion. One plane pulls our of rhe chocks and onrc the runway, makes

A $1 00,000 culfl'l~'d) trlvt!IlI "I the /-42 M iln,,;',/!! 'Whl.h pon« , P9F P.. mbl/!'.J if pm to goad ta« b) MC;15 Cherrr Point. Mdr,,(/e
j)iloiJ aad
m:e{;h4~ljCJ

uho

/tnlrll

.wOIiI

(hI!

;'IJ.id~,1 '"
ii/iN]

dSll other bases
plttlkU

jb~J frllm

(II

(I,[ing

it. Tbe ~·t;gj.fW wilJ sbe ClJumr, wh;/lih "lsI) Ibat 11& IV ie~ en-gine.

14

Restricted

AND ITH ERE I WAS
ftt1m the Chll'llC"e V !l1J gli I "nt,on 1'1 Dan,l!!- w ... t walking r pa;~t-II -guidrd 1~i:s~H~ lIl~ tacl",v -,,,:18 devel.,pjIl,g fur d,.. N" If')! Th~y ~h'pp~d t>l "JIli.1 re the produc 1. hl1t " note "f Illl~_zl"mtnt ptrW!l NHI\.'lES

T

Fast Ride
ITI"dlqi

their l\lmplr"l~tltS. "It'. "[",.i,,,:,,ly an lUFflhmt;" one Ilf Ih~lll ~aiJ, "but where does the pi lor ,,-ti' a\J~<:'r iII' flC~li ,1!1 P rovi ded lhl fino "'t' I, >II IIIl.<; IIi the !lUI:;!'.' .L.nI'I'lil,h~d J Te~!l" gucuJ. u "J rlH II,e quesuon Ltl him.
Incatt'd

,.,fh(crs

the m itl js an rl!fu'Hll memo 1(1 '11 her <If '"'l!'-31: "Pilots are ~d v is~J tr. use !!~1 rente caution, 'I) 1lrresy und ~on.lIni lrt sense in ~pp.wa~hJnl" base officers al barksdale ..
III

were s"'''~n men In the jD·1 ~~ 5ht \\,.r",~iJ 1,11' un the rump iu NAS GT ....N'f,\r.: ... xro, Cub:l, II Wl\5 ~!iJl cW.ok,. It "'US thut ~"I)' sn the 11l"":1'D/,:. Thtir \"',t; ..... N.: .lll parked WItlI their ],~5t b!u~,~, (I vii jD n 5 prirt d uthes .10.1 the usuul 1i'V" hmt\(>~ Ilf l~s,tlCuhun rum ",f,u;"h U,S. UH\t>1l1> ullu"'~ Ih..m I" "Impnrt" the U 'njt~d :'>tJ.tes. I t w .• g"lJI~ lH be !h", ~ Inl'lg,u'W<lith'1 t fll;> our' Iii Iloe- "t..!",~ J.nJ the: mer) were reidl~ "JlI~r-wlw w"lll.l, ll,d up .~i l'~ 'j tu g~t r~'1'di f"r th~ trip if 111: O \'\.,-n.,,'in't,! "be fllDt L'-'d.r ). N Fitocll,eraJd, rev,v~ ur [h~ cnglul's, tl1<,n "'1U~ficJ wIth lh!;:).I ptlff, ht' gunneJ tht th"'Ltle~ and I""ku/T mtv th.· darkness, A, t he- rl..I1t 1'''J..~sOld lilt' <'it,1 uf 11K L1111' w,ry !lm.l ;o"",,d HI III Ih~ l;.",ll_1\, ,n,'ming hI;H:km:'~, " I!JJnJi~!: I)\"'~ ~l'JulJ L" J,(:MJ
IJE!t£

T

The Deep Six

I,·

HI' $mi I~d wkru,ml)' '"Why, ttm <lilt," Iw rt'i" lied, . 'lhl1.tl'i j ust ,1 T eX<l~ ,I til' Ian ~• \"(11J.~11 tb"l' gd it lilll"h~I.i, the pilot wil] i~~t throw
,I

~~r1JJ~ lin

;1 JnJ

rjJc

'er!"

'TllIi
crew

If I Knew You Were Comin'O/W berl)Te the open-house to.r Armed ',For;;-es Day I" WeSltl\'~r AFI3. 11 slllJ1Jb~'

S,!"OIlV sworn ~" Ill' ,! oa...al ,r;'ffiC~f and a _gentlern;lll wlw nnw labors ,1'1 lWA~R mainlm~n~e divisiun, Bd"r~ tile r hi, ~1;J(J.\1.Jr, was d"i,ng '" ~"r1\1. ilir - tU'-I! ir gu n.tlM)' ,'lB al ITst tn rgt't ~leevcs, ~S; 118 tlu, SHe us th .. !in rig I?i,.ne. One d~y the tow w.rgel plane draggc<1 110t ~J.Ce"e (off Ih~' run\v~y llt NAS SAN DIEGO, Jt Jr;,ggru tJ'I" silk tube .jUI to ,'~a and ~!X pianes took turn. peppcri rrg it with btl tlees, F(>ll"wing Ihis, the plane returned to base 4-n,1 c~1e:-..1Sctlt" Ig~r over the Ii_~ld Ordnanre1Tl~1l p,,::tdll,l': it ur tn C"lIIIt the bullet holes in !t rOll nJ in' id.t ,( dt':t<l r.!.bbh, ul:llm r-ket:3. \'y hulk~" It .app~ren[J) il1l,1 di~d of I... " mcch '" I Or some such ailment.

T~'~. i~

Drafty Ride

"'~I

was '&lliunl!; planes

fm the Quonset landing new."

pli1I'~~ to TW(l F~F'> h.:Lngar

arrive
'Th~
1.1"d~\

when th~ (an o;-iune In'lill rhe tower,

an,.J ....eFt' di recteJ to the '
".,rking. Carpino
bad 3 crew en

I"'"

VR·"

Me(l for

helow ,nd b~bl.<:!Jlh" L,ockrir Nnw 1I'1,~l! The bomb bnvs "pl'ne~I'LJ1d nut dr(1rj1~J
-cven

allel

"spotted' the pl-'.me.l iosi,lt:

~u't ...I~«j> j""d""j wi I II new U ntI (lr ms, shoe :1J\J $tu If. T'h ~~' d isap p"M~d

pwl'" qui, LUruing, The pdoi'S rlimhe.\ (jUI (It rhelr cockpizs war iIy whi Ie the rhulll$ were mki'Jg on au inspection glt:alll., O[l~ of "",\!,Jr ~Lml\'"hl.'r~· •.(( Ih~ end ,,! !k ut!~"'ay, , [I ";l~ an un 11LIj'(l \ hunch ,.1 L'"y~ trvD1 the pilors spof!ed the Chi.;ol drr~""tins the shnw ami O::{)mpl.inle,,[~d hlm, VI -HI ""j", lunckd 1\1..-" J D·l ~~:ljll "I Gtrno ;1I1(J II'~tit hark (" I lu iI' '11lJ tier ~ III gIll h"I' "This i~ really ~Ilid~nl service, alief. lip Il<.:W >UiiU"~"'" lind what dutl.ts rll~.l' Wh~l outh; is .rbjS'?" ,'(1 ul d tmJ f CAt ,I' 11<)\1;' ~'t"rt. 'VR·6.I.ir," "Wd I. we certainly .appstldnre (l,c '111M, Human Compass ~ion T~:me b[lI:k (,' I?te"W'I~ d~y~'; "Pl~3;-e A Chinese b,unber O'el" 1111 .. l irll lIir Ih l'llnvey our t:'nnp\Lm~r>!.. III ,'(Jut 5klppcr:' , Forlle beeu me <ep!lrlil ed fml11 i,I' I OJlU·~!lon '"Gt'rtlIlnly, ~k bur )I"'-]'U gumly let" Ilim while roll1Hl1ing from II Uli~jl]l.1, AIreJ; 10:;H11UlirroW ,It lb~ ~bow." ing, C'H'l{;.ln w'Fh tHher bomher~, Lh~ "Sba!", Chief! Wha[ show?" evenrually {olind a. (,\(Ul!i<lf hlldmnl<k-the '''«'aj'. rbl" Arm c:d Forces D(,), ~h" w. Th(lt Yan.!!tse rive, what you eaJlle Ull fIJI, ito tit, ,ir?" l<h~ l'hb P rQ\ftld Il.W le>!l, Iwll'\:v e f, w h~ I'I_ ih e I~t WtlS ~ Jitrlt d e.iM rare. "~vi$"'t"'t ctlfllt'~,d he W~5 mt, lQllfu~eJ ~Q "My ·gush. no. Chid. Wt'te Il1>11"f ~ mtfple Jet<:fllllroe tb., dJDI'GU,On of tb<',.( base. Q( lraru;ienrs on IJtH Wlll' to Nortolk." in rhe ,ltukl'1~" ·aml r.-II
unseei
1

1\,....

(h", hangar and with (be "spir

:l.n.j polish" k'lt

the .l!irHn/t hefure tlue

Jl

tht ,k~p

No Squawks

A

N

INSJ>EC1'lllN AU\.MI'O

recrent J(]n ,)l"lice .tn d k' ~c t an un biased i1pini'l!l of ~t'<; \\lo1rk, ., pussi n8 ~!;;Imrul wa~ 11\1 u It d

N.I\5

wa~ heJ'ng hdd at VR.~~> «. The !",uty got to the

m <l-crd questinned.
"Dll }'!I11

like

Jl:1,\meu!l!"

he

W'1;'i'

dsked.

""'w

"Yh, s.ir~'· " Dn )'011 ha v(· ··'~t"rjt sir~"
"'lJu "0,)
l)r~~'1

t'li f1 Ugil S<[Q;ul

n;l n

,11\Q 'I:'~:.
r'ilr!I_~~ )"

'YUll h~\'c Slrffil[~nl SH!" • }'11tI h;lvc-

5qll,ul('orJ JO ,lnd

,'.'"lSS

ll~e

dhluic

C'qUl['llJ,ullt;

·'Ye:;, sir!'
"lJo
lTl<;nt!"

"But :5hunh'

,\frlOrwlU.!

l)Ie

bamb"r

dr;l!'lgeJ

~"Il

h~ ".

<:nnUg! 'l'cH~.u:inl1t'lu I

'p.

'Oll~o" ruul went _~mHgh! ome-wirh(ll,ll h

the

1l1l"-1S'll" r. \'('Jten Ih.i,;- I.met gem ,ifr i\'.;:d, We'"r~' and (OOISO'''' somCl.iav"' b\(~r, he ~xpl"in~d: ''Th~ pllol m~ul' rue bail {)ur IIml ~k $'Jmq:h"dl" 1111:11 I mnde mark~s <HI rhe ~O\Jl1IL Theil 1 had (0 walk hum,,". W K Bl'utTOSH, MAJ.

Land With Caufion
li~ stopped (;lvrr ~t Bllfbd(t.h: Air Fort..: B'lse in Loulsiu nn. ~JIlt dot)'. .M ,<In A. L Ei 'MhlL"t'i; w~nl lu a 1i;1l,I,!" _gwm; ((~ I,~e;,k the m,,~ofv[])' ot J1J~ ti."I"ry mh~,j(}". Aft!:r an l"Ve ~ ong >1 fr> lu:y, h.e "ll J.-d 1J P \\'in!:l~ r tlf the- $500 .iBj IJ8') Jackptlt. N('w
Hrl IT

W

"Y''',~, ~lrr"
"Well. .:vNyth'l'Tg "'~ms !n he line,' thl: impttr 109 "fE,-". said LO the ,M~,.ajllg r~· (IOillun lIffic!:r, "Bj' lil(' WilY. ~IlD. b(1\\ Inng

h~,"eyo1U b~n ill VII.";:?" 'Oh sir. fll' :nul in
[',\SKI.l!H. I lost

VR·~.

I'm

from
h"'li8:11

ml'l'l.e ,I,)\';'I'I to this

USMC,

PI:iNT,.,aON

to see a huddy

<;If min,,!"

Re81:yic/td

15

R63trieted

JlSS1.

SEONAlIAIR

SULLIVAN

AIVARD~ CAI'T.

IIOSSBLLERNAVI(

AIR MEDAL

NICKLE

110 AT'

MElli.:

GReeN,

COLE,

HIH.

IIUJtLESON,

storrs.

MATHEWS

ATLAN
QPpo~i!(g forces that played a role 10 balking their course was Patrol Bombing Squadron Seventy Four. A\I~f'i[abIe trailblazer from Iceland to Rio, VP-74 sank six German subs in jt~ wartlme parmls, The squadron was commissioned at Norfolk 1 Atlgust 1940 ociginaUy as P4uol Squadron 55 under the command of LCdr. A. R Vossellec, By early Decernber, i[ was Il[ flllis_rreng,rlt with 12 ,Mariners on hand. From then on, tile erained. making W lanelcU-bOlll'S weredesth, the At· Ltack ot of the
fiEN
3. (IDe

gmdmde rescue."

tain and crew Again,
00

ruck." Two days later, 011 11 Febr:ui\q' 19A2. there is nnorherequally shadowy message: "For pilot 74-1"12 from capPthJ- Ht1lr-)'f/1i

for your assistance

deepest

in onr

squsdron

trained

nod

trained

and

During the fall of 1941, de tach In ems of VP·74 operated OUt of kgentia ami Reykjavik. For the lim weeks, the planes carded no bombs, but merely reo poned submarine contacts, Thatsystem
destroyer, the USS Krz'lf1IY. was torpe· doed om far from Iceland, From then on, It was "Sink (1) Sighe," and YP·74 carried bombs "nJ 'depth Charges. From December 1941 to Sep~ernb'er 1942. lht: squadron operneed off the east
Ci;)(lH

was abandoned 15 October when a new

with -a detachrnem

at BernJl.lclii.

ether rescue, The S8 Sa" A1'Mdio. a 7,oOO'[QIlBritish tanker with 50 officers and men, loaded wirh oil from Texas and bound for Halifax. was eorpedoed. After IS mlncres of e.liort to make fa!.Iio CQUUlct, cheship had to be abandoned. Lc, J. A. JWl;P found nine S1:U' vivors, landed at sea, Took them aboard and resumed (0 Bermuda, Not all the planes chat Bew the Atlanck patrol rerumed, Ens. John H. Cushman departed from Bermuda 00 n search mission 3 June and was last heard from a.t 1330. If was tile opinIon of 'pilo~ whQ~ngagcd in the search that Cushman's pilltle had been caught in a violenr down draft, probably while CoshJune 1942. Le Richard n. Schreder W1l5 ~n ~ terry flighr when his radioman, WEenc-ie Vickers, obwined 'fIrl accurare ~x on a Il-boat, On tile run, Schreder drnpped one bomb whkll exploded directly IJndllr the stem of thesurfac.cd submnr ine; the second bomb struck rhe deck and exploded wher, [he submarine CUrried it to fuse depth. Final assessments esrablished this attack as 'II eel'
min

11 February, zhere

was

an-

The Ll-boar campaign was at its lleight. There were so Hllln)' actions that men in the sqcadron a few months afrerw:Hd no longer remembered them dis· tine tly, Evidently. for exumple, abeu, 9 Feb, nmry 1942, a pl.me mliSt have driven off a submarine rhat was making an ilftack on a me.rchfl.o.{ vessel. All that remains of [his action in the sq\,mdron files is an eurgmaric dispatch: "Tbe master of rhe 55 Briiisb C&r<pfJl'r1! 1.111 arrival expresses gra.tirude to VP-74. Lt. Thorn, for saving hIm frolll further ar-

man. was circling lie low "j{lticude. The ~rsr submi\_r_i:nekill was made 3w

monr11tater. Oil 22 September, "Six. planes leh under the eommlHld of Lr, Cdr. Thorn for Trinidad. Once eseabIished there, a rwo-plane detachment was sene to $\11l Juan. Hunting in rue Trinida.d area. was good, bllt .somehow the sly denizens of the under sea managed to make their getaw<1:YS, shaken but undestroyed. Typical of che frustrarion of not gettinlJ; tbe sub is illustrated in the event of 5 Ocrober, That o.i.ghr Lt. Da ...is discovered a submarine shelling a ship. He ins ..aarIy began to anack, bur the enemy escaped. The ship's survivors. took to [he lifeboats and WCiC lsrec picked 11p by 11 freigilre't. 10: November, SCOles of victims of submarine warfare owed their rescue co VP·i4 which spotted their distress sig~ nals and sene. surface craft to their rescue. NlIrol W\lS the QC¥r durystacion "for the roving jWa~ineN. and 1.Cdr. J. C, Torh was their new skipper. su«eeding LCdr.. W, A. Thorn. Of their new stanon, VP-7~ wrote a limerick; as was their regular custom:

is limpl, iM' r.rdlld; W'e lhJ~ i~ II JI"h), A n,:t {ly when Ulllrc- dbl", T Q dflJ OTt' P/"TlfJ ()'it oj ,hi% JflJ1'i,

rhe thmrltt

N"II1! U (; !fond,

l<m.J ulhe:",

'l1trJ

taJ:"

()Il,r

tl1JI

kiU.

meal' moved back

On 20 Augost, the Bermuda derach[0

Norfolk, and

II

their digging was effienough to fr(;e them for ncrion. On 6 }:;touary 1943, Iin.~. Herberr P. Boyce sighted a subrnarrne wake at six rniles distance. Reaching the head of the wake, Boyce observed the outline of [be submerged U-OOal. Four depth bombs were released. Air bubbles apPPARENTLY

A cient

16

peared

JUS! ahead

lence for one and a half hours afterassessment the w "p(obably

of the bomb

rurbu-

1_00 feet revealed only while ap.s. At 0843 the next morning, Lt. How-

wards. The damaged:'

first experience
light"

On 2.{ February.

wirh

squadron had irs "Stay up and

land Davis sighted a surfaced ub miles MVUy. At ilie same time, Lt. Care}' who was in the vicinity made. the Same contacc, Both starred co attack. Lt, Davis'

is

ship. During the nwu;:k run, ehe submarine surfaced and returned :!:ccuflne A A fire. four depth bombs were dropped, but rhey fell shott. The pilot reri red beyoc AA range, planning ro usc hi remaining depth bombs when
che subrnarin ubmerged. But he 80~ behind a cloud, and U[le -boar gOt
tiW1W

Barnard si~hrf!6 a "Submarine !It periscop depth in the '1L' o rorpedoing a

tactics

of Ll-boars . .Ens. W. ],

plane dropped six depth charges 15 seconds aitersubm(;'cg.ence. The drop straddled

He was the one who had sunk the English carrier, (he A<rk RQ '41. Lt. Whit· comb' attack was . fficitlUy assessed 11 class "A", known sunk. Twelve dny later, 1.,-" W. F. Smlrh, shared honors with a Brazilian PBY in
slnking another German

ehe submarine's projected eourse, Borh planes maneuvered for five minures and then Sighted (he 740-ton boar breaking the sur ace, Li, arey

Sighrilll:,(

a

sUFfaced.

submarine,

submnnine.

he

who had climbed to 1,)00 Ieee, now dove UL .l{I angle 0 45'. He crossed the

[ully surfaced submari. e at 100 Ieer, and

unaeticed,

On 18 Mat'eh, a three-plane detacbmenr was ready to depart for Araro, Brazil. which was [0 be the new base, the remainder of the squadron to come later, Meantime patrols. were Aownfrom both Natal and Araru, a favorite SPOt: A r4tlJ iJ Qne JlfJP
i,l OilY Jom of

his bomb straddled [he conalng tower. obHterating nil view of (he submarine from either plnne. When the column of water subsil.kd, the victim lay helpless. Carey n.nd Davis made strafing runs.

dropped six depth bombs on his lirsr run, rwo on l1is second. Both drops enveloped the submarine in spra,y and so crippled lr that it outdn t submerge. Smith made trafing runs until a Brazil. ian PBY appenr d and made rwo rues, The U-boar sunk imrnedierely. Twelve .survlvors were rescued, surfaced submarine mer its }.7 Seprernber when Lt. (ig) Harry 13. Patterson's crew demolished ir with deprh bombs. On the second nID, one COIl tact fused shell exploded, wounding Ens. O. J. Brerc and .Radioman D. A. Bealer severely.
OTHER

A doom

S.A_
olea}.

pOI.),~ing .50 caliber slugs at rhe U-boat. its gullS, (loc! crewmen who were ar[t'I1lP[tn.g to man them, The -boar managed to get under way. but if couldn't submerge. VP-7,1 had blasted
that chance, Destroyers Moffett and l oaeu arrived, directed bv l.r, Dl', is to the scene, and

10

October
FLOYD

the
.B

ql,ladron

went

to

IWhere we fOfJf1.d (Jl!r gOIJIl neighbor.r

Tbe !UJl1l1t Wilt" most IIld~, 8,11 'he 1"1)' gr>1I!,), And to« plan to r8f",nl th<m,~ome d4Y, s

tin'

In tl few minutes, he reached the swirl And dropped six depth charges, the last ewo being 120 feet beyond ebe leading edge. There was 00 sign of damage to

away. About half way [0 the target, he saw the U-boat beginning to submerge.

spotted

10 May "hunter-killer" taCHCS were initj;trcd. Lt. Boward II. Gibbs took off from Aru.tU 00 the 16th. and t 1161 n submarine awash 15 miles

opened After the crew abandon~d thesubmarine, the de troyers fucd, and the U-bose, bow lirSt. s:lid icro the deep. Less dum TWO momlrs later, Lr, Carey and. his crew were lese ;I." iI result, it
later appeared, of a successful attack by a U-boat. counter-

!ire.

City. N. C, on patrol duty unci! November 1944. Bue VP·74 was not allowed to remain home long. As patrol experts, its pi lots were needed elsewhere.

hirer, it moved to where it remained

AS

NNE'IT.

Elizabeth

Two month

After going to Coco Solo C. Z., rhe
squadron moved on 1:0 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, early in 1945. Regular pa[JoJ~ were (he order of the day I bur

ehe U·boar.

area and LT. VOORHIS arrived in the until evemaintained'll. bo!d,dowo ning when Lt. Esch rook over in a radarwas grearer than tha~ of the PBM_ At a V -shaped wake was seen in the moonlight, bur a flare dropped from

face of heevy AA lire, andsi.x depth bombs spaced at 65 feet straddled the

comb struck pay dUr. Lt. Whircomb fouod a fully surfaced submarine chat oulishly elected to stay up and Light. The arrack run was pressed home in [he U-boa~. of tile bombs actually srrikKapitan skipper_

O

N 19

July,

manded

rhe "Nickel Boat" comby Le. (jg) Roy S. Whir-

the squadron was in

1lil

area where duty
excitement.

was rarely puncmared

with

NOli! Ibe Rock if 1,be home '4 UI till, • o lift high Y(I"/I:"itrillh <If/d eess all. W"e're llNek i?1 tbe "llId
Of bugs, I:/.~'",tt tl/ld ramJ,

A"d

'tIiOfl1011

tuo hardly ,ecnll,

less Cat(llil:~>used because irs endurance

fWO

2347.

AireL a lox skidding geraway, all tha~ was visible On the surface
deck,

ing the

wereurvivocs, amoog them LeutJ}ru"u (·h_t[l;genbetger, the

release of t:he bomb on Himshima, hostilides ended. Heralded with joy. victory meant for VP-J4 an end of wartime patrols. If W;)S more than ready

afte.r;: the

But the end was ill sight. SbQttly

for a peacetime beat, it was really eager..

LT. H.

C.

c:AREV DEPIH-CHARGE~

AND

STRA'E.s

GERMAN

SUBMARIIIIE

DICK

SCHR.fDfR

AND a, 1'. AUlIAND

RfCEIVIi

NAVY CROSS AT NQIFOl,K

17

[l:eslJril.lie:cl

FERRY HOP PROVES HAIRY
NAS Q ONSET POIN"1'-Ferry pilots ,Ill ays seem co have mare fun than ;mymen who ferried from here to San Dlltgu were no exception, The eigbt-day ttip was brougbr on by rhe need of the Pacific fleet for more earch and rescue helicopters. Flying 75 miles hour rhrough high winds, hor temperatures nnd higll 010UnralQS In il remperamenral flying machine like a
tWCI

nne, and

Quonset

a coll_pJe of helicopters

him,

over [he cresr comiag scraighr toward the plane at. 70 mph. "Reilly zoomed his helicopter and the GU wenr under

at,

Sear set his helicopcer down in brushland. Because they tented the local rescue unit would be lookjng for them, he lnked 30 miles ru the nearesr wesrher station (1 report. He nearly drowned ill
;11e thunderstorm but succeeded in halt-

pinwheel
Pilots

i.s nor eX-:'Icrly a Cook's tour.
Lc, (jg I joseph orgC" W. Seay, Each Robert _ Bell

were

nd Lt.
mechanics,

Parnharn. J\TI,I. Flying lweI bot wesrern fnrmlands, the helicopters would dip up or down 111 I.U()O feet It1 minute, Both aircraft neafly uverrurned U couple of umes, Crossing
a deep rnounrain pass near £1 Paso, both

and

C

Reilly irried
H. E.

ing a search party about to sam out. After the torrn, RelHy taxied down rhe highway and wok (JlT. eay had it Io LIE'her. The rhin sir \ ould not enable him ro rake off, so he l1cdge-hopped over [be brush in a dozen jumps until he carne ttl (he bighway :IDd could make '" rno for it. A[ EL PIISO the tWO pilors befriended
another Navy helicopter Hier who had run into engine trouble 00 the W'4Y co the 'West Coast. The Quonser me hanles fixed hls engine for him, and rhe rhree planes mnde {he re r of the IIig~hr to

WI~NE'1t

SMUH

WITH

HIS CA1!Rli'l-~NOING

AD

Dallas

Has

National

Meet

neaely wll.Shcd out. A thunder iquall caught them, and (he pil ts decided ((j
make elTIeJfgency landings. Becaus of the thin air [hey had to make glJde landings. Reilly {timed his nose along ,I highwlty. WheJJ the helicopter W1l5 abl:llH ihree feel from the puverncnr, nn sutoraobilc fllddenly shu:

Cal i fU1;1l ia information. MO~sl o{ the Digllt was made ;u T'j
mph and aboue 500 feet alrimdc, wheth(;!

Model Airplane BU9s Swt;Jrm to Station NAS DAllAs---Daily f'IlrflS and sudden mobiliznrit n l)f Naval Reserve pilots for WlU dury ffI:iled to halr the
Nationnl Mud.el Airplane Meer at rhi

deserrs wid,

over

mountain

IOJ·Jeg.ret: remperarures,

pe-aks

DI

Arizona

P2V GOOD

PHOTO PLANE
moving midway the life raft from its posiuon gave a working area of marc [hall nine square Ieee which J ro ided excellenr visrblhry. Space inside was adequate for mounting -a (amen 90d sri H allowed

in the fuselage. Rem val of rhcjettisomble

cover

[he last of July. Up to lO(),QOO persons ;·!.trended' the five-J.ny meet [0 see amaeeur modelers fir tlw: if ti llY planes and see the Navy's Blue Atl[(ch make their last jet exhibition flight be-lore going to war, A [lew Iearu re of rhis veer's rneer. held p~rt'\'tQusl)' ;tt Olathe. K;{ru;as. was acrual rake-off and laodmg on n 5111al1 carrier de k on rhe field. The tim' wire- ( n· trolled p \ cr models carne in tor Iuudings lind their arrester 11Q1:lks ...-;ll1,i!hr
[he same as 011 bIg Win ner of chis cveu c was S. C.dhnuu Smirh of Asbury Park, N. j., \Vltll a model AD. (see phom},
'<IU

srarion

wire

the

deck

PlENTY Of 1I00M FOR MOVIE MEN IN FUSELAGE

!ree(.tpm of mevemenr for the camerarnen, \W. H. peneer, t\MC •. ,ldde_d (0 their comrorr by designmg a pleXiglas ((WN which kep~ mil wid air ,loud still did not hamper operation of the camera,

se;lgoi uS curriers.

VP-3,

IACKSONVI LLE -

Di satisfied

praise from cameramen ll'Id 1f'1 hghrcl' pilots alike. The sluw speed IJf srandard plmrt) plartes brought (Glmphlinls from pliers uf Y«-J 7J Md Y!"-I tz: whrle movie camernrnen complained of cramped workini{ pace exces ive vibration ,md resrricced
"jstbiht~.

wirh exi ring N;lVY phoro plane available for &h mlr1g a rraining movie on :!ighrer rnrercepr problems, rhe Nu.ry (Clove-net! a P'V for the jab and won

re the fuselage so that i~s- rem val JuJing shooring was not necessary. Bemuse of the n m interior. a Mitchel! '5 rnm camera with 1,O(JO-foor reels could be mourned on a srandard tripod and srill leave unrestricted work108 space. Jee pilots liked the PN be· enuse it wou 10 Ay Fasrer tl~ilD 200 knots ar J O,UOO feet, providing 9'0 excellent .'>p~edand altitude for jec LlltCrCepr probIerns,

Made i'lf scrap. the "window"

was bolted

Despite th~ bad weather and mobtlrzariun ~I]jng W1 ar NAS DALL,\,. rhe meet drew some 800 entrants fWIIJ all
over U. Pitks .. Hawaii, Mexico Sea and anada,

Helicopter
Up Coral

in Fast

Rescue

Pflot in Minute U .. CoriA 1~ 1'l/l-OJl(~ of (he fasresr rescues in carries' operar IOn. h isrory W;l5" mitde recently when Mide: A. R. A~h

U e uI 1\ PlY for the job w. S approved sud conversion made afteT con erences \\ Ith Don Cameron, projccr upervlsor 1r rn the Navnl Photo Center, An.acostia, and representatives of (he company ~tnaking rbe plcrnre, It W<lS decerminea best results could be obtained by ze-

H-e was unable to amlin Hying speed and Ltnded !)If rhe port bow of the S11fp. The plaue };!.uuu H03$-' helicopter piloted by- AOC A. F. Kakol, picked up Midn, Ashwilub und [ancled him back aboard the ,oral 1M in. so second.
under l..Q r Ken l~ri,e, set a lit'''' record 1<,,- I'WDIlt\ry an.! bombing 1InJ muinralned hlgb aircraft avallabilitv. Wilen YA·~11 WIlS abroad for its cruise. personnel maintained and cperared their Abll' 1'o,I~he/1 with almost no help from station keepers
VF-,;; I,

worth received an incornplere she: un takElIlT with .tnJ'l{U-5,

carapul;

• NA$ Miami_

ATI.ANTA-Dllring

its

cruise

at

18

Restricted

Squadrons
Four Ships Get

Win E Pennants

Efficiency Recognition Fnur ships and 11 aV)' and Marine squadrons were among rhe 74 ~1f111s uwarded Barrle Efficiency pennants for 1~'jO. as announced by Admiral Forrest P herman, dlte of 'Naval perntions. Awards were based on over-all pcrorrnance in all (oj-ms of exercises, in assigned duties :md iLl muteriel and organizarlunal readiness during rh~ 1950

Navy

Gets P4MMercator

,tnJ 0(1 each plane assigned to a winning squadron. Enlisted rnenassi/Sued w ships ru:ad squadrons will WCM an "E" on the upper rigbt sleeve.

jiscu) year, The red triangular pennant is carried 00 the fore [ruc::).: of ships

rbe carriers iYlidll',J_l', P.t!,J/(
. quadrons:
St'ftJil. rhe A V P Plwyd.!'

Winners.

in rhe aviarion

Nnvy
111"1

were

I 8,l(k)(mg

HII:,' und rhese
'J--..!4, VF-~!,
VMF-2U,

vr

'I.!,

vr-"~J

A.55.

VA-I.:,

VM 11·:1..2,
VS-2:!.

vp-~,

VIJ_~I), VP-22'j

alld

LONG WING,

TWIN NACEllES

HOUSING

TWO .NGINES

EACH FEATURE NAV,,,S

NEW

PATROL 80MtffR

esr parrol bomber ~ rhe

VP-2 I. PATllXli!N'f- The Navy's newP4M-1, fe(lfUrlng combination jet and conventional en-

Sioe , mnd'{' ils debut rerenrly into ctive duty when this. squadron received its firsf Mt'rutIM. The P4M rcpla es the 1'f!4Y·1 Prsoatoer which previously had been on Jury with the squadron, lr IS rhe Iasresc patrol
plane
III

the Reet, with

speeds

in the

400 mph range. Although it IO("Jks like ;l rwin-engine plane, it actually has an

"Ow sig'l 111" Np'-Pm/e1f/fWllt n'sller Georgi T empk. urme» Mariml serSit/WI] <lltl' hl'tl/I)_lfr 14 Sbidtr, T ~mplc. mes
'AII ,ighl.
1/

,11ih Cerrs» to IN hI", enlist mi(h 1". Pll'; 11» L!',# b~tlltI.kJ ,If, EJ T OfO. lUll b« ".111 to be diremd to lPp/J ,Ii thl!! ';j.\ {,", AlamiWI ilIJI'ifi<' Air R~~'I)rN' D,lfllchrtW{lt
Illqf.

10 pUTT/hide Ftrst

M",jlle

Ail'

\I"jflt'

Sg),

each of the fWO nacelle. The fighring name of A-luc.f/cu dares back to the> 16th cernury when a .cosmographer was arre '[ed fnr heresy beause of hi radical theories about the world and the skies above it, The co -

Allison

J'.l.l

jet and a P&W R·43-60 in

furnilintizarion pzogrnrn fof all officeu and meu gO! iMQ full swing. Skipper or the squndrcn is .ur. R. Semmes. Under direction of Lt. J. V. Hart. squadron flight ofncr;r; Lt, C. Donahue, glJuot:ry )ffke>r, and LL (jg) J. H. Wirth, mine warfare ufficer, the mUning program was di,vided inrn lour divisions -pilm, Hight crew. ground crew lind wepartmcnt.tl insrructlon, Only one pha e of the training is given at one rime, Daily classes for squadron pilots were held, \ jtll rwe or rhree crews being insrrucred at the same rim . VP-21 11SeS
as insrrucrors
itS OWl]

personnel

who

completed courses ar the Marcin company's pjlvf school nr Baltimore and 111051::who lJ!tcnde.o the J-J3 jet school at rhe AllisQn fac~ory. indianapolis. become insrrucrors for rhe next dRS.~,gi v ing all hands II chance to learn, Iltir only by being instru ted, but by t~llchillg others. Joim instrucrinn perlod for pllors and fljght U('WS were beld [0 sercss teamwork so necessary ro pUCfOJ pLWf operations,
UtUC

mographsr \

,IS

Constitution
Jtj{J(fitnl

Fries the Pacific

made it, fusl trans-Pacific Jligh[ Oil 31 Jllly when it Aew from here 10 Barbers Puiru, Huwuii, Plrsr of ,I regular schedule between rhe rnainhlilJ and Hax aii, rhe Ihshr saw the ig plane Ii Fr 50 _pa.'i~t:llgers:. Il csrgc and l rew (If 11. apuciry load IS 11)0 men, The CM;lJ/ilt~/Ul/! planes, of which (he ,W}" bas rwo, were buill Juring clnsin:g days of the war by Lockheed Airc!.tfr Co., ru provide greater ai r tLUlsporr as rL"ql.lircJ by WH( needs, In pesceume the j"h111~:S were assigned w Fiee"t Lo.gisfl(C Ale Wing and kepI busy hnullng large numbers of naval personnel about the country, JUSt rereurly rhe Navy cried co lease them co private Compl1IHCS wirhom success, because their opemriou COStS were too hi,gh for rite Navy budget Restdclal

First Water Hop For Giant Transport AS MOfr:IlT1' l'lf! 'I-The .Rhrl Con-

is 'listed in the ency lepedis as a Fleming marhernar lei an, ge(}grn p her, and astronomer born more than fULJr cenurries ;\80 in 1'512. He escaped Il rer bei ng impnsoned fur heresy, om 42 ochers taken 1lr t!lt:' S3Tne time were pur ned ar the stake.

erardus Mercacor, who

As eru:11r~M dU5S is complered, grad-

applied

eype of projeuiol1 in making global maps. The plane tltkes its name because of its long-range navito

lercntor's name is well-knr
u certain

W Il

as

gurioual

patrol L

characrerisries,

Churles
Ior Glenn
porarily

Clark. field representative

L Mmill ({)01Pl:InY, is ternaWKheJ to vr-zt !IS technical adviser while the squadnm checks OUt In the new nircraft The plane conesms dlC latest type Df radar. radio and other
A nl<W ~I\lde,,' ill f:,lI1mer}'

was busy preparing [0 receive rhe DeW planes. On ·.Lrci val of tile j\If (JrCIJttJr, an intensive rrninlng, irrdocrrinadun nod

electronic equipment, Lung befc)fI;' the wheel 0 ~h first "1M rouched rhe deck 1l! Paruxenr, VP-21

r{'(V'll'''aJ Corry

e.l/uhli-JhlJA fi(lltl.
Jtjt,ch

Pltml1('j)k~ rlJ~omiy ftj I11M;I. VmIIJ'1 L.
to NAA.s

7oI1ell. atfad;od

"red J 91 ~/JPlWj of Ulnllllillilicill illlll d 110(11"] <Jilt oj 866, "'" /J,!,,,tw;a o] :£.2_1i pe"'t/11/.

19

Redrioted

Too" of wor go west!' pille Sell at Sao Diego

1'9F f€lt

Pat,jb,J'S nrc loaded aboard CV Phili.f'rrsnsporrarion 10 !j1e- KOrean war zone

with eighr HV AR .rockers prepare to take oft and hit North Korean positions in close suppOrt of our soldiers
Novy Corsairs loaded

A

WAR

IN

South Korea" soldiers lonk a, North Korean YA.K.-9propellered WQIl, note red star U1&lgne on lV['ir~ freld, with red and green

lighr(;l". shoe down ncar urings; an I'-~,Imade the kill

\

wings

!lamb trolle. load, of HVAR 5" rocket. soon will be loaded 00 [he 1.1£ .F'9f' iets, Skyraliur and CQrsairs 10 hit largctS of Reds

S"nnlh' FleeI 20 111m arniaircrarr gunners po1!sh up weir marksrnanship it! sea, even though Hee! thu f~I has DO air opposition

20

Restricted

~.",_

)

WOllnd",d Manne ill carrier on helicopter ge~s plasma rranstusion wllne he IlWaitS evarwu:i_Qn;carrleJ: cover is en grm1lld [0 le1t

Two Macine helkopte[$ in Kcrean hill terrain evacuate wmmde:d Aighteis; baady plnwheels OIfI_gO lln}<wlfere acd do -mYl'iolJ of jiilb~

I

KOREA
NI\_VALaV.iado.1iJetis playing mg,
With PanlblJfJ

AD'S

rrcops, Operating from carriers dose offshore, the planes also moge" flIt behind me North Korean lines to fi.nd targets. hirring bridges, facrories producing war materials, railroad rrains, uucks and tanks. Marines wear to Kor_ea 'i\(ith their own l:{03S-j beli· copters roeva(''l.Iatt' wounded men from {he bacrle from, the Jim [i-01(j in w:,UfMe thar this has been done, M!lP:Y lives have been saved by chis new rechnique of bst evacuation. The pinwheels are ..: big morale boos , er.. Although few phorographs were received in rhe U. S. from QU!"carrier forces in the Pacif1c tilt: firsr tWO months of rhe war. rhose Hn ~hese pages show rher the tlatr_Ops hav·e been b~lsl'rushing planes ro rhe \Va~from, supporring groPlld tluopS auel humrnerlng the Reds wherever theycou:!J .be frlWld, day lind mght-.

to furnish close alf support

a big part in rhe, Kcrrea~ . .fight. 1earolOg up WHh F-1US aad
to

Army arid Madoc- grol-illd

Whe" t:hh peacerul pierure WlIS taken back In. Apdl, showmg A.D', off Boxer o...e I: Pusan, ntl\Y rna jo [ wa r ,,[:,J ee tive, til! ngs were q II ie l

t

I

Rocke 1S

from

""rn.,r· ba~~d ~nes

ftlc!Oty in NW.lh Rllllt:rict'ed

bl~$l Jl Korean tone durjng, ~'U"ike

Ro~kel-lhin9 Navy 'ji,ghu-:u set lire [0 a uain _in Korea, smoke iJldIt:nes it had oil

Ncovy pi lOis

bIg railroad bddge· nea:rthe-

hunting

rear-area

rargets

bit

38m· parallel

21

Resliri<;ted

FAMOUS

AST
1

WORDS
d: until tl1at
INVER.T£R. Ls F·IXED/

srr

\
u T 1)( £.Jm<ws JoiSt words urows and grow~. To the old standbys like "YOU JU T P T THE l\' EATHER ON IT, BUB. I'll. FLY IT" and ''1 DON'T NEhlJ A CHECK·Q T; I AN PLY THE CRATE IT CAME IN",
HF

T

we must add un :l(her. In thisj nsrance rhe pilor

mstrurnenr were inopernrive, As the flighl entered the clouds. he was l1yin.g aDum 75 feet co the left and slighrly aFt (he lead plane. The lead pilot reduced power settings m l'Y,i and mal nealned n rsre of de cenr ur dose to t 5QO reef a lDIOUW. The air 1p ed during ler down was -50 knors,

or

WIlS

'errving

nil F'IF-J from the

Grummaa fl1,CrOIl)' on L\)ng I 'land r ~lllJ Diego, On the first It'g ot his (Jigltr, rbe pi1\lt n irlced rha; his c-z compass, gjll'O hOriU1I', and fue] quanriry insrrumenrs had failed, When he hllltled at MCAS CHIDUW Pm 1, in I'1C(tll"Jll revealed Inm the inverter ",Iudl suppllespcwer io chese instrumenr 1M d bur ned uut, The pilnr was informed lhtll it would {Like four or !ive days ro procure a replacerncor through normal channels. bur >,11\$ (jf~red an S J for 11 short Eight to JAAS DCEA, A. irglfllll where an in errer 'ouJJ b obtained. He dedine~1 rhis offer With rhe statement: "I FLEW' IT IN THIS ". A • AND I'Lt FLY IT OUT, He rheu directed the mecharnc to rein {fill the burnt ur inverter und m tape oft rhe eleetrica 1 leads. While che king rhe weather for the ue:x1: legof his RighT he crtconnreeed another pilot. whu was also fe-rrYlfJ.£ lin P'W-.? to the \'\It'St O;J.St. The {V.'O pilors filed on che sutne VPR !lil)hr plan direc[ 10 St. T,llui~, Missouri, smQ:,hc: weathec was unsuusfactory ah)!1g ihe usua] s!JLnhe.l::q fume 'l'he jets, depaned FJ;(lnl Cherry POlIl[ Ole no; esrirnnring ir Louis in an hour- and fort}, miuuies Ar :'6,000 k'Ct rh~y leveled of], Scaerered cl uds were notlced near Louisville, Kentucky with the tops esrimated at lOJIOfI Ieer. Thj cloud layer became a solid undercasr berween '1Jdman APR and hvansville, Indiana. With Sr. Louis 120 miles ahead. It let-down was started. PUtlr' TO enrenug the clouds ar 18,(}00 feet, the lead pilot called and asked if it would be berrer [0 ler down singJy. The jlU~l! with the burnt mit inverter replied in the negJuve, saying that he W()uJJ fly II wing posHi(Jfl as his nighI

At about 15,000 feet:, duo' lend pilor glanced bsck and noted char the wingman was mulnmining :\ ,good position. scarrled (0 see rhat his sym indicated 15 to 20 deSIiee right bank. He starred

As he shirted Ius eyes back

ro the instrurnerus
thtu

he wa

llced milt his needle indicated char he was gOing lOW ;l left turn. Realizitlg char his arrirude gyro was defective. [he leltd pilut corrected the nrtirude of his plane and continued rhe let down on needle-ball. Owing to his concentrarlon on instruments he did nor look bllck ;tgllio until he broke through the overcasr ar abour 5.000 feel. As his wingl1:11111 wr not in sight, he began making " .. turns and culling him un VlIT. Ar this time, he n ri ed fhat his fuel galt~e was STud, 1U 2100 pounds. When he landed ,I[ r. Louis, '11spection showeu rhar b is i nverrer hed a lso burn t uur,

he was ill .l co correcr and no-

the owner of n small ~urpon near Lebanon, p::t rr;lVdin~ ar h ;)':11 speed and .mempted ro rrack rhe plene by f(lIJ{)Wl ng the sou Md. A. he did so, he saw the ['011'-1 break uur of the overcast in ~I Spill, .dfe-f,,"I; parrial a recovery Oil .1 souchwesrerly hI:JJit,g. and aMI; intn a hillside ahour ., miles away. AllOtber witness said {but rhe jet appeared to he bucking as if ill a
J~IINWI:HLE

M

Illinois. heard rile ether

hi~h

speed

stnll JUSt before

;[ hit the hij].

The 1m exploded on impact nod 1 fr II crarer about 20 feet clee·p and 20 feer in diameter Wreckage was strewn over '111 nrea of about 40Ll feeL The pilur apparently made nu lmerppt to lise the e]ection sear, Perhaps he kepc on fighting [Q regain control of ~he plane. because he knew he should never have taken nii hi's mo_Sf impoFtaI\r mght instruments iooperiuive.

22

Middie
Korea

Sets Some "Firsts'
Sees

Action

Finl MidshipmQn was the customary

umi ng-of-rhe-cake cctenwny aboard the carder V.dlc'Y FQrgl."-bur wirh a difference this rime. Pilot honored on 22 July was Midn, G. E. Srnckland. His was the 24,OOOth landing, bur he was the lim midshipman it thousandth landing on the

VF-54 , KOnEA-lr

to make VF-H .

"a/Je}, Forge. It was his Erst flight with Ir also was his ruS{ combat flight. By tillS acrion, It is believed that

Pllols 01 the .'i(;J1/Ib K{}wm Ai~ plJi' t! Itol Mf'ir lim look. ,tl 'f/Win!! !l'II//!. niter"/I II,hM dar~16t-h#i!d SkynJflleN ..11ft CorsaIr] l<mdu/·.n " Fifth Ai. h)J'ce fi~hlf' !trlp m 1<"0'«". Carrier p/.aruu beo« btw} flyi;'l~ m.m~ drUB J·"ppqrf 1l.I.Jion! I,,, g,()um! tro:MJ, hIking aD tb« (l"ckI 01 Naf'Y fjPtJops trm.ru.g (J few miles off the corm of Smith KQ"/I,,,

.." ·.. '~~~m.~~ ~~

Long Distance

Hitch Hiker
VI!

h5'erve Travels 1500 Miles to Drill n.i. ver.sity of Miami srudenr and OJ-

g<lllizeJ Reservist "\'(!illinm H. L

spends
ST~IC:KI.AND WIELDS KNIFE ON CARIiII~~ (AKE

Long Island, home except for tWO weekends eac-h month when he doll:S his naval uniform and hitrh-hikes I SOO odd miles

his

summers

ar his Manhnssec,

As weather improved, bush planes starred searching from rhe Navy-operated camp ar POint Barrow. The days in rhe fllf nnrth regIon were 24 hours long during Jt11r and when the wencher is there was no sign of tht:{or more rhnn 36 hours. It to call in a Navv NB·:1P piloted by 1L Torrey A. NeW«)D, imQ a helicopter from Point Bartow HOW1.l by .L(, Robert D..ndctoll.
Ten ing rniuures
00

to take

rrickland beCame rhe lim midshipman pa~ in combat action since tile
American War. "Iirsi" j n 20[h thus 1n11klng
(;C!l\rury

However. rnissing man was decided from Umiat,

nor foggy the

hunting

is goo

L

parush nnotner

o;lval history, Shown With Srrrckland in [he cake ceremony picture sre lCdr. Compton and LCdr. D. K. Engllsh, skipper

u.s,

after of
~.1

Newton
11'

arrived (mechanical

in

rile search area he SPOtted
top weasel

mall stand-

Hobbyists at Memphis
Build CV Madel
10 Exhibit

Busy
~tplllbtJtJ

at Shows

was rc;c~ntl}' constructed at NA MJ:.MPHI s a~ rart of tl. recrea tiona] pwj(;ct for enlisted men, ~-

v lyre carrier

A t'ull-t1cdl'cd moJd ot a

ready "lauurhed' at un air show lit the mun icipal airporr, the model i~ 011 its wuy m becoming .1 popuh r di play. 'GOING MY WAY?' SAYS AERIAL HIlCH·HIKER: Jthou.uh zoo man-hourwere reto NA MIAMI to drill with A-~1I1. quired to build hi: model, it W;1, cornRecord hitch-hiking time ff)f Lt. U,IV pkted in less Ulan two weeks. Nonupproprl.1tcd rUllds ",'ere u~cd to fin~wce Love was eight hours Irum home to stath~ rrojea wbi(h was promoted ~hrO!-l~h lion. but sometimes ir rakes him as long as 56 hours for the nip. the hobby shop. The mod J i. 17'S," fong, 2," WH1e. Alas.ka Res(ue by Pinwheel Jnd .'it)" hiQh. Arm.1menl indudes four V' l win mount~, (our 5" Sill.g1e mounts, Point Barrow Helicopter Seves WOl'ker ten iO·mil.llmekr rlOl1bk mounts and ln what ml'ly be the nnrtherntnosr 32 :20-miJlimdtr siDEll: mcunts. hehcoprer rescue on record, It J-Ill;,$-l Then: ure rwo main deck elevators helicopter from Point Btu-row, AJaSk<l, and one side ·lel'lltor. Squadrens Q farrhest north dty in NorLlI America. FIIF'!; .mJ FJI'. construued to scale TC'!i(ued a worker lose on tile vasr Arctic and made of l'lllstn;, are spotted on the mndra, flight l,k..t:k An air-sea.rescue ltd iropt<:r An tH'Iptoye of UIlif~d Geophysical rorrrpletes the ain;mlt group. ornpsny W::l.S tr"velir1~ by weasd across The entire model is moul1t~J OIl a rhe tUl'ldra north Of the Brooks Range Ieur-whee] «srt. -'(l''''''lUt- and 20' long. wnen he became lost in a dense fog. A schematic Jrawlog, 'howiag tI When his vehicle ran om of 8~. he cross secti Oil of tile ca rrier, was prewi:lely chose ttl smy wirh it and ~wai" pared in 22' man-hears and is disrescue rarh er [han exl1au sr him sell 810 gplayed wirh the- model co the public. ging through the mossy swamplands,
Ilollf,l'iotcd

frunricnlly waving' his arms, This probably was to bear oII (be hordes of ginnr Alaska mosquitoes tIS well as ro .urracr t'tuttitiol], Unable to land, Newton elided riverhenJ ond brIY.tdcltsc the gaoc;l OICW$ rlinr the lost had been found. Abollt 10 rainures later Cutiewn Landed rhe Navy helicopter on the tu ndra Had picked IIp nne hungry, mosquuo-blreen, bill overjoyed individnnl. News the rescue was reponed by Cdr. ]osephR. WQod. aviation technical advisor with Naval

variery)

or

PetHJleutn

Reserve

#4

.u: Fairb!Llks.

VAd",. T. l. lIprago:Je, ComAjrP~(. [0.11-; time oul from a sptlng trip ro NJ\S Km!lak to rr.y his 'Iuck I,,, I,i11]; in K",rJuk Lake. Tlu ~ photo shows 11 caech 01 sockeye ~ ImQ-TI. is

23

S~eing

~"VQI

aVtilt:JQIl

shipmen

srudenrs

frGiril

hom the bridge of we CabOI ate midUnlverslties 01 CaHJn!ni\l and JIIjissQud

P.."achul"

harness

Urnh

~

his mmes,

befuddles Mldn. Nerh~·i'rl'! \'If Un!vcrshy \\:I!Urnnls, K~sllkJljf an.<3 Horrocks, look

of
DO

College

Men
TPensceola,
HE NAVY'S

See Avi ation
Annapolis of the Air,

wa;s swarming wirh college men during (he summer when 1800

Prlnce.lo.n men,

Nakervis

and
OD

embark

'tI.f!l~1

a day's uuise

midshipmen f-rom the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps, representing 52 colleges, spellt Four weeks srudying how pilots ate rrained ro Jight, The pmgrl1m was called iI socond year cruise and gave the sophomore midshipmen an overall picture of how xhe N-avy's -;lit arm works. Supervisor ofthe program was. Ca,pt.. E. T. Eves, Professor of Navnl Science at Tulane Uni ... erS!ty. ~ During their mOllrn ac Pensacola, the midshipmen flew with V"P>4S ASW p. boats and observed the pilots and crewmen at work. They saw pilots qualify for carrier work at auxiliary fields und spem a day iboard the rraining carrier 'CaiJot to observe actual car.ciex lsndlogs, 111e middies were from all over U. S., as well as frolIi Alaske, Guam, Pueree Rico, Nnlen,. disTwo man fra ... Uruve,tsiry of CJJjf!ltoia 011 summer cruise were .I\IUdn. MeMa,nus. Warren CVL Cabo~ Canal Zone and the Philippine Islands,

Wo... S.. nd,q Murphy. Lmk 1o:JV1n'g the word t~ 'll. group

trainer opeI"i!mr III Pe.nsacolil, is at "iH~nol'a men du:dog cruise

fou.lo'fla StlJ;re midshipmen, Harris, ~h~~k tire java situation while- on

II

Powler, Schauer and Jones, iligh[ in 3. Navy P·hQJC

24

Rest.,.ioted

WARRIORS
.m accomplished face by the beginnlng of September and rhe nation was nble ro see irs Reserve pewerhouse workiue (ILl! in (he Regula! Ilne-u p. One [bing stood our sftarply-rh Reierves v ere nor only able, (bey were
tiJ

activation PNaval and M:\rine ofAirtile ()rganiz.eu Reserve wes
AItTfAL

more dum willing or! the Navy and
reams,

Iarine

take their places air combat

..

Despite the suddenness of the call which allQwed lirde time for settlement IJf civilian affairs, requests for deferment were at an all-time low. Squadrons arrived far active duw with rbe fleer w~th their full wmplements and within Ole minimum time aJlow,ed. Take rhe AS NEW R1.EANS squadron chat was called up for example. Ar 160() on Thursday, Cnpc. H luis. station CO, sent OUt the dispatche notifying squadron members to report. By Friday night, three-quarters of 'the o:Bicers :uui men were aboard. By Saturday evening. an but three of the remaining members, who had received rheir oisp:uchell lare because they could not be reached by telephone, had reponed in. One of these, a college mdenr, W'IlS lIying La from Michigan and another, abo a college srudenr, was enroure from Callfornia. n the next Fe day, one week late!'. the squadron reponed to ComAirPac ile NAS SA~ DJ:EGO with all of its members aboard excepr for one high school srudenc and three medica! srudencs for whom the sterioo hltd requested deferment, And replacemenrs for chese men, of course, were. on the: roster, Included in the group were two other hlgb school srudenrs, Told to drop om ac final muster because word had Just

MARINE

AlII IlSHRVISTS

MARCH

DOWN

TliE

lINl:

TO

iAKrE

Ofl'

fOil

ACHVE

DUTY

AT El

TORO

been received rhar Reserves in this caregory Were norco be called, tbey raised a minor ruckus, This was ended, when their PiUC[lCll, aboard ro see them off, nor only ~ave their permission bur asrually requested the 0 to send jhem with their squadron, otherwise "there would be no living with them:" Pirst to be activated were certain Reserve nrrack, fighter. anti- 'ubmarine and fleer aircraft service squadrons from stations and cnirs throughout the COUIlcry_ MillY of rhese bad JUSt returned from ewe-weeks active du!)' cruises. These squadrons were assiwieJ to CoinAirPac and reported in at N AS SAN

ISLAND 0I NAS SAN DrEGO, assigned co ComAirI.ant were to report at NAS NORPOLK or NAS J Ac'KSONVTLl.E. Also, called to supplement these squadrons were groups of rated enlisted men, selected from squadrons not slared fQf nnmediare recall.
WHIDB1iY

While

these

Draco.

Then [errain parrol squadrons -and their fasrons wen: called, Those assigned to the Pacific Fleet reponed in ar NAS

ready-to-go arri rude, Fighter personnel were to be integrared into Regular Marine lighter squadrons, while ground control inrercepr personnel were to be formed into new control groups. FiJ'st Marine AIr Reservists to be alerted were fnnn fighter squadrons, which were fresh from two-weeks of combat training maneuvers ar Cherry

Organized M mer their schedules AIr Reservists with me same
ARINS

PILOTS

SCHNEIDER,

WOU.M .• SCHOICNECI:IT.

RODP,

DAGON,

REPORT

IN

R'estricted

25

P.l:OLld_ [() welcome aboard former hipmares who have" dropped everything to lend a band when their help is most urgently needed, Wdl dune to (he personnel of rbcse com bar-ready squadrons who have reponed nod my congrarulstions to the TwJtling ommands who 11!1ve enabled them to keep ready." A irPm:'s public mformarion officer
lost no time
m<1H)' njen as

in compiling

st des uf as

possrble, Pr.ii:e story of the Texans came from John H. Evans A c. He had been out of

IIADM.

EWE~.

CO~CARDI\!

ONE,

TELLS PILOTS

,H.E KNOWS

US£RVE

'UNI,'I'S WIll

DO A. GOOD

JOB

Point.
nf$[

srop was M AS El. TaRO.
lT!:IINlIIshOtt.r~rioJ

Assigned ro C mAjrP~lc. [heir
from rhe rime

sive but orderly l1Criviry.

The initial

ceue was one of inten-

W [bey

number of these Reservists

reported ar 131 Toro, ~ large

were on

their way ro cornbai unir uperaring in the Pa(ltic-~ [eUillg commentary en the stare of Marine Air Reserve teadine s. Pilors ho were qwlil'ied in jets were slated for Regubr jet squadrons Also alerted ar rh is ri me were Reservisis From Marine grounu control rntercepr squadrons. who reponed In ro Bl Tom. Larer Reservists Irem other MCCI

squadrons were called,
reported at Cherry

Those

asslAned

rn .omAirPac rep' rtctl in at EI Tom or whil those assigned to ComAltL111!
Point,

Finally the Marines :I. rivuted fW(J Reserve fighter squadrons, which were slared t~l go ro El TOI~J. Once ar rll ei I' accive dury starions wtth rhe Fleer. the Reserves were given a rousing welcome by Regular ururs. Here the "Invaston . of NAS 'AN DIRGO by elie R.eservt sqU~\dI(lUS ass.iglJeJ rn COIl'" Air~;t' provides .1 gq .1 example.

FirSl SC.11I1lJi00 to errive-e-rc the satisfMrion (If rhe Texans already aboard ---was rhe one from Dallas. The dare 1ll1d particular signi-1icallce (or LCdr. S. C. Seagraves, its CO. fL1r JUSt five years previously he had helped sink- [he Japa· nest> cru iser Aob« Juring a carrier strike. On hand [0 greer [he newcomers were $,(aIT llIembers (jf both Air Forte. P;t{:jJic; Fleet .. and Fleer Air Wing 14. Hordes of trucks and buses :were standi n.g by ~\fld as fast as the Reservists Well' unloaded from theSWl1tJn of lULl'S flying rhern jn,[iley were mer by f A. non-r r 'ISI nnel and rrsnsported ul their quarter . A L.II,ge b,lllner b~ar'ng rite wellknown legend tf7 alcoma IJ'"e« k-Eml .. 1F.II'rim_f W~ l>mrng in greering' IIcrUSS the tup of one: tlf Ih'<: hangars to be occupied by the Beserv.srs. 'The PLlIlUl W;tS ildministcrcrl by [he large cross which blocked OUt the "Week-End.' Adin. i'VrhUf Radford, CQI11JmmtJer.n-Chie]. Pacin.c Fleet, scm lins dispatch:
"Once again we in the Pacific Fleet are

"ADM. SPR.AGUE GREETS ~E.sER""ES FROM DAUAS

rhe Regul-ar Navy, after teo years of service, for only seven week before receiving his orders. Tu rnske it worse. he received his notice at his wife's birthla), p'J"ny, direcung him cu report lit O~(_l0 tile nexr morning. Lr. t jg J Frru1k Fergesen of N AS N1'W ORLEANS. (hough. weru him one

ter. Released [rum acrive dury wirh the Fleet ol'lly a few months. previously, he nl,d joined rhe Reserve squadron only
In one elise, tlte NebrtLSb 'tate Polin, g:lVe the N.lvy au assist. TIlcty hunted

bet-

rhe day before orders (or recall weru out.
our and RllgS;;:d down n Reservisr from NARTU SEArrt.E, who was [nnoeenrly rourlng in their stare. ro give hlm word.

lCOR. ROlltR1S GlVES

wallo

TO-

NOLA PILOTS

OlAfliE

R:ESEIIYE! fORM A BIG 'IC' fO~ ~ANSAS

26

RM.tI'ictC'd

CHIH

60llWOOO

EXP~AINS

~

F4U·4,

HYDR/IULIC

SYSTEM TO E.

lIPTAAP

POLITI I'I.L life was buJding or . Chief Howard S. Massey of the Memphis group. He wirs running for elecrioo (0 the lace assemhly 10 Tennessee. (He has since heard rhat he \V;lS nor elected.j Pi rsc man In cbe. Nev.' Orleans squndt(.\11

A

evening. Monday,
[he air. A.II along

Lhetr nrST plane was delivered eo the hangar, fresh Eto~ "mothball ", By We~!ne~day il was ill

and men squadrons

)f [he Naval
who have

Ai.t Reserve reported 10 me

AA. l!l. ut the

to report hurl been W. S. Harris, .Ir.. son of I he- comm. nJillg ufficer
AS.

the line. Reserves have made rile uurisitlon frOID civilian [0 military life with n nururnum of on-

have been a source of deepest siuisbc· lion to :ll! of us in the Fleee, My one re- . gn;[ is that .H1J the cirlzens of our ccunrry could not see these well-disciplined, well-rratned and combat-ready squadron-

retail, he had dro-pped into his f>1rher's uffice: w track rhern do\\ nand fountl char he WJ.l; on acnve duty. Then (here was seaman Eddie liptrap who

Heanng rumors ab

lit

the

grolJve i~l ouble-quick rlme, They are d ae[ermined ro do a ·.0 job and to fini:sb it as soon os possible. On the basis of serves wil! dell .. ei, ;

fllsivn ana

have gr.meo back in

rhe

repnrr co the colors so promptly frorn their businesses and homes. "Well Done'
to 111 .hlef of Naval Air Reserve Train[ng and to every officer and rnan of his Command." Reserve squadron CO'sshown i.1l the

rhe nne performance [hey turned in In Wl)rld War H V(1U cen be sun: die Re-

was prornored or demoted. Onl 18. .clule still could look back on life as II lieuten a or-colonel and alSo n~ 1I1nd Ileurenanr, The: Iormer was enrned CnLifumiOi ellde( Corps Ilnd the
!:ltrCJ

was rryirtg

to figure our

if

he

in the is

.. commission he held in rbe Culifnrni« Nanonal Guard, Layin]; dallU to the ride of "the most cd neared squadron in rhe nvy" WfLS the gl'oup from NA. OL ....'H . Abtjut nCJ l

of Ide. 0ue CPO. nonw ~cci.ng!l.S leadia t crhief. was F )clncrly ehe general supervisor for I national farm una hineri' C0m~ pany. Armrher ('hi~f. a technician, was CUOl fnrtuhIY esmblished :I, t he chief radiu engineer of an Arkansas radio
$C:I-

of the enlisted men had been en I' oll etl either in K~I15J;1SUniversiry or in Kanas Stare U River hr. The Reservists were frum nil walks

rnosr b~lrrt-\ arming example f 'ul'erb rnnrdal spinr, The rniriul ruovernenr (0 active .dUty of Imi(~ of your comrnand "~. C;(lInpJ led on.4 August. The efficient prCQISJon u the airlift and the: line nppearanre and high morale ~f the officers

H FOLL.QWIC di.5par~h which VAdm. pr:J.gw'!. Comrnander Air Force, Padfit Fleer, sent 10 rhe Chid of Naval Air Reserve Training sums up the Navy's viewpoint, • I have been privileged to see wirh 111}' uwn eyes .t

T

. .., engraves: LCdr, H. W. Wiley: 2nd row, LCdr . .E. R. wanson: LCill. G. F. Carmichael; l.Cdr. J. B. Kisner; LCdt. W. E. Woudmun~ lCdr. R. f. Edmundson: 3/'ci row, 1uk. J. O. Anthuny;

picture wirh man are: fit

llPt.

Frederic W. Priest-

ruti, Lr.

J.

Sipprell; LCdr.

picture was taken when Capr. Priestman. Coordinntor In DeNO ( Air) for the Naval A.iJ· Reserve, made a. 'pc; ial trip ro the Wesr COaSt to nbserve the Rererve squadrcus operal Lng with rhe Fleer,

tCJ.r. D.Warts, LCjr. W. 1:.. Harrison: und L dr. C E. Oveland. The

uon,

(her men wen: farmers, ,Iircnth

workers, laberers :lJld some owned the; r own busi nesses. In el<j",erience. tbe men ranged from H.·{eWHS with yenrs o com bar duty ro n few raw recruits. Each squadron promptly 'iL IV to iL rhar rbose men new to the Navy were pla'-:ed witl: old hand to learn ;1 mung :\1,0 be "me familiar with .Navy life. how to go around wss furnished by the Reserves in the first-arriving Dallas squadron, They reported in Iare Fridny

Proo]

that rbere was <!J1111.1gh kno -

DURING

HI5

VISIT 10

SAN

DIEGO,

CAPT

PRIESTMAN

liNES

UP

WITH

RESERVE

SQU"DIIO,,"

C.O'S

27

improvised by rhe builders. Taxi rests have been cornplered and the CAA has ccl."ri£ieJ it :UIworthy. The twa men nowp()$SeSS It plane valued ar abcu; .32.8QO which wus assembled far only Moo. They are insrruerors ill the airman school of [be rechnieal tFd.i.rLlOg command here.

Hollywood Works At Corpus
Film on InstrumentFlig'ht Bein.g Malde Part of the glrunour ~)f Hollywood
has beep crnnsplanred

er Flighc
CHlUiiTI.

SchooL at

ro rhe .AJI Wearh.

NAS

COj"(PlJS

QUtc!<.. FL'rNN,

TO WORKI

AV;fRT THE SQUIRTI

Itt !NI\S lC!~ A ra",itc!"

:ndks dow" th"
plan'IJ

/i;fII.t

'. C, }"d.smt wltb '"ollie $.e41 Bets:,

LCrk.

Ck",lil/i .11/ whIM!! hOlm,.

1/)<11rhnlr~l1e,t "Prl!lIy 114ffl4:i of

' 'J<'

o] tbe
~iJ'~'etll

J"liln'GlJ

iJ IbB

M.hl Drake's

Bpby," which
pklllrq.

Hobby S.hoppers Build Own
part-time Work Yields Plan·efor$400

DeW about b"UUding model airplanes in
a hobby sbop, blJ~ ewe peer}' officers. here aSSC1l1bled from scran:l. a renfledged, flyable aircraft, usmg facilities of the shop. Arthur B. Hagle!'. A~lC. and Ta(l1~ F. Kight, AMl, acquired a fusehlge from one sourcevangine fwm another, parts here sad there Ilnd with much tilge.IlU\j:y and considerable plain haId work pro. duced iii a hale mote than four monrhs :I. rwo-seater Si.!wr..ire Luscombe S A, all rot·tal with fabric wing", thar would pass for .1 laemr}' job. Both men hold private fJyhl,g licenses and for some time had the yell for a p!Rne of rheir Own. L.Lcking rhe cash, they rried to geL one by Other. means, They bou.ght a lmelag<: fram ;l pri vare prlny. o\'er!lauled it and re-covered the;: wings with new canvas. 'rhe fTlgi.ne and ocher parts were 01"dered from v:tl'ious $OU1OO.5 a.bour the (·onn-cry. Landing gear, 'eowl1ng, fnu·· jQ_gs, ""'iog ribs and other Pl1crs 'were

NAS

MEM.PHls~Tln:[e

is

norhing

The school is currently pJaying host lO Polaris Pi(tures, Inc .• of HOllywood, CaU!. This company has a Navy conrrnce so make 0 new tr;:~ining film on basic 6igbt insrruments, Entitled "Flighe Through lnstrurnenrs," it wene inro production on June 5, 1950 .and is scheduled for Navy-wide release by January 1, 19-) L TIle film ill shot almost entirely within .tbe ceckpir of no SNE type airC<Mft which has been modified lor ide;ll camera installation, The camera is installed so lIS (1..1 shoot exl."lccly wher the pilot sees in Otght. it is necessary to do much 0f the acrual flying and .filming oil nighr so rhllt there will be no outside light reA(;Ct.lons. TIle illuminarion fQf the 81100tlng is s;upplled by 2!J-bnrrery powered JtDodl [ghes. Projecr Officer on (he film is Lt. P. Lanham of the NIIV:41 Photographic Cemer, Anacostiu, D. C. Air ForCe Advisor is Capt.l.ifl Raben E. Dinwlddie, USA P, Truining Offin~F iJf '))02 Trainiag Squadron lit Tyndall MD, Paname, Citv. FlCI_ 'i'h.c:- pil~J(s ,) f [be road ifled SNB 1U't: LUlr. H. "E. Belew nnd Lt. B. B_ Smith of ehe . -\JI W~arhcr !1lighr School. Director js Iuan Hutchinson, ,1 commander i 11 th~ Naval Rererve, who b.L..~ 1I backg~ound of 10 year~ in phorography, The sc.tipt was written in ceniuncdon wirb the Air Forc:e'. ond narration for the film will be i'ldded in Hollywood,
• V11:.) L-Pet1}'in1J: 01 aitp)nne5 i~ ~dlJ go·

preservation oflic;¢r of the NAP, Irppl.i:es his vererinary talent Itl deodorizing skunks, civet cats and polecars. captured by local smal] fry, in rhe interest ot domesrication and reduction [0 pet srarus. It seems that during the recent war,

[his parricnlar species was developed. co high degree at Eagle Mountain Lake. Upon espmre an immediare decision W~~ required~e:l.[h or deodor.iGacion, Already 'a preservation olfu:er in spirit if not in fact, LCdr. Flynn chose the lauer course. A fter reading exrensi vely on the· matter and reolling the lore oJ his Boy SCOut days, he borrowed scatpels >1.lld iodine from rhe medics and proceeded to accnmplish :t serie~ of 111 illl~r (major to [he auimals) opernnons which were ~11ca.'s~fLlr 0 ellery respect in each in1 stance. It is [Ins expel"lCDCC rhnr enables him roday to C0rl1IIbure rUlirerilllly I'll rhe pet popularion of rulWCl;L And Ius openHioo~ ~u:t ITco.gnized as tile n10St econorninl.l in Ihldr ~e-ld-Ilot n SCent
(1

with time weighing beavily during offduty hoots, rhe hunting aud Clpture of

J1J

assets or linbiliries

ing nn in thi; man's Navy. Dilling Mal'thj~ squadron and VR-Jl delivered n !"leW planes au.] 14; lI't:.J gJ ,IT;] Fr, iIldud ing !.\"",wrbin.&
hOIl!

Jeers

ID

helicopters.

Not a Sc,ent in a Ca.rload
:Facilily Officer Depickles PolecafS NAP LJTCHI'IEI..D I?AIU:.-Nor only does rhc preserv~\tiotl def'a~rmtnt of th~s !il.t:ility depreserve a111~Dlfl ~ required by chI:: Navy h1.l1 .It renders a hiunaruWei,HI service to resiuenrs of the area r 11 reducing some OJ the otlenses o£ nature, Bll.d..-eJ. b}' experieoce gained as. offi· cer-In-charge of NAAS EAGCE MOUN'I',\rN LAkl;, Texas, LCd!. leo A Flynn.

Tile .Iong and Shfm· cd i1 is eb« lalt£1I N.,l')
the .·hQr'I~Jt If""'~'e 4&0111";/ NAS YNSN, ;1 6' 0" ~lId iiltl:e: ... lluiir!-il N<:iUO;~, 'i'N, bdr~f) mMe the- minimftm N.avy height, sr1mdifl/! {ille IMJ..
111<1;11 aflji A&mca.,I,

Bob It, ,'h'(hh.

HOIIBY SHOP -HElPU MEN BUI\D IHIS AIRPLANE

28

Restricted

Rese
N
\ cr
AVAL gOt

ves
rhe Marine rnaaeu-

Gear

or

Action

Ara Reserve train[u¥ cruises off to a record-breaking starr
with

(his summer,

at hetty Point blghltgheing the JlIly picture. Then the Korean crisis ~1L\lwhill!l;!(l and threatened to disrupt rhe elubomre crnise program. The Naval Air Reserve qllJckly reo \ ised its plans l<J meet rill.' ciuUlgi(1g (Imdnmns. And rho cruises went on ill
.1

n even more mtensi ve pac .

where .• et tip tldv.mced base open riens .~m~ cnncenrmred on comber raerles and ASW rretcbng and uapping. Eastern Marine Air Reserve squndmns, For Hl cftfl(("1 rheir muneuvers at Itl TIl1'O, trained ar rheir h me b, ses nt the :Jp. I olrited tim!' ,ulli packed in rwo weeks or solid work in close air support nnd inr rceprinn problem .

Orgnnlzed squ.ultens, Ljn~lhle w rake refJ'es~lt'r tr.lfning aboard fleet (·arriC.!rs h ·G1USe rhe carrier were needed else-

eu

rations

:1.Od units.

undt:r

pressure

to

.Fer alt.:!tc:d squadrons off to UCIJVe dutv wuh rhe Fleer, still kepr their ctllise~ going on schedule. And the Reservists tllCIllSeJVCS, renlt:dn:g that their turn to be ailed lip rot hr come next, weat :1.[ Their truining, wirh unprecedented vigor
I'Il1d

purposefulness,

verged

Orleans.

'the Marine Ail: Reserve runnel! er at MeA CHfil1RY PUI IT involved the greatest 1ml5S flight from COn.sHO-COllSt ever undertaken ill peacetime, Twenr one SqL4HlrCm$, compri jog some 2600 Orp:'loizeJ Reservists, from stations and unrrs locured itt Seanle, Oakland, Lo Alamiros, Denver. O!:\lhe. Dallas. New'
Lincoln,

,ud:s, the trMisrmrt planes, fully londed wirh orne 1100 troops !lnd their equiprnenr, managed to land without a single ac.dtlem with dle aid of rbe Manne 1,j!'ollnd coneeol approach 11 nit ar Cherry Pulnt. 11 rook 7 hours and 44 minutes 1,(1 "(";Jlk" ehe transports down safely. At one rime, 1 l plane were stacked abo e the fIeld wnidng iustrucrions III land. The iighler planes came In later and rh n all hnnds gor dewu U1 business '; flYing approximately 3000 sorties, Reserve pllclts logged more than 5 1O(J Ground crews worked duy and night keeping ~vailjlbijjry at 85";" Climax 0 eke Marine maneuvers was die "shon war" lleid at Camp Lejeune. during which (he fighter squadrons furni:;hetl close air support to Reserve ground troops. J uring 11 meek lunp hi bJu assault, Other hi_ghJight5 Qt the- cruise were the radar networks set up in the field by the Mnrine ground contr I intercept S<jll,ldroo' co direct interception of "nrtacking" planes and the cht:cklng Out nf Reserve pilots in jet planes. .AltllOUQh Fleer carrier. were 11m avnilahie "_ for Reserve requalifiouions, f nuuurel those aval Air Organized squadrons slated to rake refresher rrainiotl IlbCl~\rd the carrier lIssignc-d to the sval Air Training Cornrnand \ as well :JS 0 ew others) were able [(J complete their schedule, Typical of these cruises were the ones taken by squadrons from NASGROSSE r~.NARTU AN ACOSl"lA, and NAS
Nf\V

hours in tactical Bights, 'IS well as more rhnn 400 hours in instrument {lymB'

Irlndll1~ . The 30 enlisred personnel who accompanied the group did much to make rhe cruise a success. Approximarely 300 weekend warriurs in Anm:'ostill:·' VA.i1bll, \'F'(ji\J, VF'('(h\, FAsROI1·f<t>1 and w -f~, also rook carrier re fresher er ai n i11It aboard the 1¥'"fig" J. Fifty percent of rhe enlisred men were operating :tboa.rd a ship for (he first rime and rwo pilots quulified in carrlee l!I1lclings for rhe firSt rime. Forry ocher pilots reg ualified, The three New Orleans squadrons elm! operaeed aboard the Wright we-r~
VF-&!J, v -Wand
ZJ.QOtl

FASRoo-8-2J. Familiarl-

of groand personnel
was als
it

in shipboard
of this cruise.

routine

fearure

Point Vill Marine rmnsport squadron nlr or Il}'ing their <l\vntishtcr planes on 8 july, Thev were mer wirh j:lsI1ill" rain and nC!lrwm visibility. Despite these haz-

on Cucrry

nnd

,t.

Louis,

COil-

o~c~m FIicarions,
I ASRoIHl91
weD(

"0 cancel their cru::rier requali-

vr-eu,

V·P-S9J.

VS-391

1() NAAS 131. CENTRO and spent the full period operating under a blazing desert sun, They completed the gunnet}', r'ockcr and night flying portions of the syllabus nnd rhe VS squadron

of

ARTU

S,RAl1.'l_

and srUl

worked
M

in a short course in ASW trends

FAET(JPAC, NA SAN DtEGu. Hjg1;light f elm; cruise was the facr tnat the

Ii

ORLEANS.

ANACOSTIA RESERVES 10AI)

pAlm

ON WRIGHT

Twenty-one pilors From VP-;.1s and VA-7.:1L of Grosse He requalified aboard the Itvri8hl. m\iking an ave~age of 15

Other squadrons, which rook t"WO' weeks cruises at EI. CENTRO, included VI'.~7~, VS-S71 and FASROO·87l of N AS OAKI.AND. Their hne lind check crews kept aircraft avallabiliry at 86%· and 1,Llllc.'!l6~ Checks during !W{) weeks. Of] (he East Coa t, it w. the same srory. Unable [0 req~alify aboard carriers, VF-Q2_? and VA-92J ot NAS ST, LOUIS -and VF-s2J and VS-S'21 o. N AS NJ!<: QRLgAN set up advanced base opeearioos ae N AS QUONSJ!1" POINT and concentrated on syllabus 'truining. Here

squadrons wert: port! Jlb,.

alm(~~t

lO()gf self· llP-

we

29

Rcstli'icud

OfFICERS HAll.

YATES

ROPP. AMRIN.E

TALK

WITH

ftfPORH.1l

KLOEPFER

"guin die O-!!s- in rhe:' squadrons handled rheir lints and kept availabiliry high. When VF-7"I, VA-7"1. and I A uon NI

New England cheir summer

of NAR'fU
fighrer

MEMPHlS wert lit NA PENS-A Of.A for parI of- their Chi ise, rhe

squadron emphasized air-ro-air gUJ)l'l.ery and orked several DC problems WIth the CJJbor. while [he acrack squadron concenrrared on bomhing and overwarer navigarlon flights. 0·2·5 served as plane capuuns.

mending Cl510ft; run Iflg and coerdlnarion of fighter f"rrn~rion was seru by the CO (If the Air F rce Reserve gtnll p. During [he cruise If \l1'-lil~, VA·Slr,.
Irt\SRQn·~J.:·.

area combined phases of progr~lll, A letter cornrhe naval units fl~r their prE"

ract problems

were worked our eurouce:
all practical

"ix enli ted men completed

ul N AS

M.INNEA.l'OI_fS

III

work in some

V

A .wn VF squadrons taking crulses
IIf

Bemidji, the: statiun was unable tn IT, usport gmuod pee onnel bXtlUSe of other airli t requirements so it Cliled lJf10J1 rhe loraJ Ale Force squadron for
aD aSSN.

facmrs f~)r advancement in rming; t\-.;I(> ~O. four 6Il lind rwo 9D-lmll.f checks {In rdrc.mft were pulled at Miurni: and [here were at) accidents or rnajnr msintensnce diffitulcies during the period. Fiflv-one ,lflicer~ ~lI1d inon' than 100 men 'of NAS AKRON'S VP-6.11 and
r i\::;R.OIl-tIS~• which missioned fur six
ill Ott

bad only been commhs, mill pleted !l.

successful
H lS(J

cruise

N AS

Q

ON S_ET

(heir

bOITIc;'

bases

managed

[{I

interesting

varianons.

A C-~l' was prornpdy dispatched and the reund trio llfr. en:lbled
to

POINT. Work
It

wrrh lrve submarines

was

Iearure of rhis cruise, Enlisted

vr-"Ill Vf"I>} and vr-··.li of AS SQu 1\ N'rUM. for=exam pie. co0 rdinu ted -a phase of their trIlit')ing with the Re-

the squadrons
e:r~ld!fnS at

serve Wing of 89th Troop Carrier Wing of the Air Force, aval A it Reservises provided .ligh(er cover for the airlifr of Nlltlol1(l.1 Guard tr.)CJp!! between Bcdfurd and Etlmout:1, lind conducted trn~ll"1:td strikes nenr the site cornbat ,ur on n designated of rhe Nariortal turget (;liru'd

maintain fLlll·scale- ouPilQ'S 'lvf'rnged 40 hO~1 rs on rlus cruise, VF·6n imd VF·"';;! or NA A KUON,

Bemidji.

men gar in 22 8 hours 0 ground train ing and pilots racked up about IIJ()O both of NAS SQ' AN· TUM, enabled the pilots [0 IU,g a high average during rheir (CUI.Sf at NAS
FASfwn,'1I5. OR FOLK,

hours of night time. The excellent UppCl1"r gLVCJ\

which trained [I{ ~hej r home station. wem to NAS GIH'lSSlJ lLfi to complete the gunnery phase. Pilots in these squadrons .uSQ averaged oboue 40 hours,

by

VP"!!'

creep maouevers, the

Air control over the:
mr intained

P"1uol wu

1 rerun of the air wing smff. The exercise marked rlte firs~ UIl1(' the Reserve furces of [he: Air Force. Nnv}! and Air

by

Dttr{n;ll the cruise of VP-~11 .!.lJd VI'-~3~ at NAS N·w YOHK all pilots I10t previously qualified in jets COI11rlere~~the ier training course and 0111d~ their tir-1)ltligilts in the rolf-I.

Pilors in
J'uring their

\Il'··'~l.

VI'-'t.14

and

V. ,"1:

;11

:niun:!1 G\liJrd I_n tile

A WILl_( I'>' ROVfi averaged %.1. 4'8 -I and 46 fHgl1r hour respect ively
two-weeks. Reserve
I):utol squadfasroas .tlst) made J .guod record. vp-,,~ find f.'ASlton.7i" of N AS Los j\ L(\Ml10!> concenerared on A W training during their cruise ar NAS WH.lll13f'Y ISLANfJ. And on the East CO\J.S[ VP-!"}1 of NAUTU MEMPHIS Spent nine dltyc of their rrairling at Nt\S MrM\41. P1!Ot:s flvenl,t,'t:d Ij8.9 ]JOLKS of syllabus fiyl ng; 1 ') pilots qualified for insrrurnenr cards; sevcnp.I:lY-;;A'S took parr in ASW exercises with Fleer submarines based at NOB Key WfiSl': three pm"s tle, ro ]l1a!l~flnamO Bay and remained over-

of I\S ML I"EJ\P n.ts, vs of ARW SrrATI.'U; and VI'-M·I of AInU ANA-COSIlA. FLyll'lg P\f-~ ryp,e uircrnfl, VP,".ll pilots averaged ;9.6 hours 10 J 1 days
15''1

vv-su

T

YPICAl,

V.1'

squadrons

which

oper-

ated from their horne smrions were

(If

good weather.

A [earure

d this

cruise

AlR N rons IU1J their
M'AI

VP.661'ERS

VISIT

PRUII\ 8~fOII.EASW

~~'ISii

night;

t\

I;)

.simulared

submarine

CoO-

CREWMEN. fROM

A.HACOSTlA-S VP-6lil

GAS

Pill'

30

R strIated

VAoM.

CASSAiDY

CONGRATUlATES"

'rOM

AS CAPT.

~RU5T1MN

LOOKS.

ON

A[~

soot

PLATOON

LEADERS AND DAT~S AT

ATtANrA'S

M[LI1,o,R'r

BALL

was

rht,

airxrewmcn

uirensive course. for corubar which ernphusiz d ord-

.(\ltd

I/j other men cornplered m rre than }lor (' of the CAe requirements. Our In 'utrle. \11'-;:"'1, onducred ,~ novel progrum. 1[ operarcd 11 .~6.hour continuous hartle problem with It. Flett submarine in Ml area )0 miles Ijtl shure

n.utce problems. T\II) men, A. H. i30ret F. J Brinkman AOVA •• were (;omrkEeiy I.ht;t:ked out ,1$ CACs
ALA1"J .1llJ

~3 llJ1.Jr:nQ(,k rheir lin;( cruise st.ICC(;,Sfully wirh VP pd"ILS :tverngll'gi-'..8 hours Mosr of the gunnery .syllrtbu·
was complered .. l i Ant! rhe record

izsd 'aval Air prl:.l.gfum HIlJ (hey underscore rhl;' teamwt rk rh.tt exists be-

uL,derlincd by (hej()D done by Reserve rransport squadrons. Pllors uf \'11-'!":1 ST.
[( lIT. fOl-

,)t

A

eRO SF Il.E.

achievcmenr

was

(We n Reserve and Re.gul~r .Nal'Y umts, whose fuJI cooperauon. parricuLiLLI}' 111 the away-from-home

he Iped IJlake tlu, program
ReservislBecQme-s

cruises, R success.

example,

LOok

over

ru<lJl}'

~av'Cod

" "bartle" plot was esrabli bed, commurnenrion sys.rem SCI up for CW rraf!i ('10 all weather, p0si inn and conracr reports, ;Iud the squadron fuocriorred exactly like i1 Fleer A ::X' squadron,

V adverse
lSUAI.

Rcccruly selected for the Nav:l1 AVlUruns during [heir cruise wirl: t1L~ uon Cader Truining program was ReFleet r.ogis~it Air Wio,g IU Moffett serve Arrman Fred 1111l1l1~lS P rlestrn au. Field .Ilnd won this comment from I heir son ,~1 Opt. Prederic W_ Priesrman. hosts, "Their oruriburiou to the WeSt oordinuror fo.t NrWlIl Reserve for Crnsr air Iif was a "cry gnr.u help lInd DeND( Air ) In becoming a NavCad, thelr assisrsnce Dlm :u a time- when Tom Priesrman was fOllowing in hi jt WItS ur_ge-..nrly needed, We feel that facher's fcoisteps, for [usr 1,) years preVR-".!l is an A-I outfit ·and one of the best we have observed QfI rraluing viously Cspt, Priestrnan began his career
VTH

necesslrated instrument Hight clearance rand radar C JI. Hll't.:; from the regularly scheduled P!~rrols, Juformation broughc back by ;l willg $,,[ Dlficer arid !we- men from the- squadron who wert; aboard the submarine for rhe exercise proved vuluahle,

conracr weather

were

made,

until

duty,"

in tilt: Nava] ..Air Reserve.

Simd(1d)" Vli-~il of NAS OAKLAN!l on 1£ CHI lse at that tar ion opt'tlCted indepemlentlj'. Not one scheduled fugbt
was missed due to excellent mainre-

yp.661 of Al.lucnstia also concentrared on A WI operurinns, conducting exercises wlch submanines Cllf the coasr l,r Nt>I foLk. At j,lga_ra Falls, ve-ssi and I'AS'Ro!]·

and planning of squudron SOIlUe!. VR·65l of AS AKltON Mother ~qt1adron tnllr literally
around

nance

perwas

Aew

the cl•ock ro meet ccmrnirmenrs,

These, vf course . ure only a rCW of the mnny cruises undertaken this summer by Reserve sq_Wtdrlln~. TIley indiClHC the pracrical scope of the Organ-

17>11 blIrhd y. He- WIIS then member of the ontba IJ team at Bolles Military Academy and nine of his reammates were sworn in tIC the same rime. For the past rwo years, he has been a srudcnt ,H take Forest College and this June complered his sophomore year,
;!

Whe;o he received his appoinrment the program, Tom Puc rman W;J servt ng ill! a Reserve starionkeeper at NARTli JACKSO \lILL!!. He had joined the Or.g.t[0.ed Reserve !IS [I seaman re[Q

cruie lin his

NAVY

... Ii

SOOTS

COME

ABOARD

FOR tRAINING

AT tiM

NEW ORlEANS

BIRMINGHAM

BOOTS

LINE" UP FO~

AIRLIFT

VIA

RqO

!lACK

TO ATLANTA

Restricted

31

STARS OVER T.HE ATLANTIC

tHIU

'HillY,

NAV INSTRUCTOR, CH~CKS. OUT DEGENNARO AND UNCOlN

VR.6 WESTOVER-This squadron regularly operates ~L trJ.ns·ArlIl11cic flighl a day, which places considerable ernpha is 011 nnvigurion, \ll,'hen pilar reports to vn-.>, he call

by;

fWO, lh

1.l~1~ irnaric

look for-

a

new

ward w refreshing' h[s navigllr10n rechniques lind to purri og in his Ini r share
uf rime at the ntwigmion t;lble.

rwo "bird-dogs" are about the lines, pieces of equipment to be f( lind on a dark rain), night an hour Out of Lagens. Loran j fairly good armand the ewfoundland area anywhere along the ease
CO!15t

direcrion finders. The plane's

R.~lJ' $CCIc:.1 weapon.

t'> 0

of (he U_S. These

elecrronic

Lines

Even in this bright new world (If elecrronlcs and technology, relesrial nIL"'-Ignci 11 is rill the number one rnerhod of }jetLing across the ocean-just as in the days of yore ::.nd olumbus, O. naviganon. chao I rakes up the first tWO weeks of one's rour in VR-u, The first week is de ored (0 refreshing one 011 rhe niceties of rhe sexrant, plotter, chronomeeer, BM> and a variery of charts. A few MATS regularions an: Jnjecred end one learns ~ little about MAT tlight plan. Fuel analysrs charts, Pornar, Jogs .~IlJ ll~vign[ioi1ltl ids also a are inrroduced during rhe firsr week Th lase week js clevored (0 acmal route problems, and the final exnmlnaunn involve; mWJgaring a lypi,al trip from Westover ee Rhein-Mam, This desk nip wilJ include eLiding (JUt hourly Pornars, raking hnlf-hcurly prtlssure readings and working our a drift, workil1g out honrly three-sear fixes and filliI1g our the bourly hnlf-dozen forms, hart and graphs. Uner, when the new Dllvigawr (::oes on his filst trip, he will find that me leg from WeSfover [0 Stephenville to Torbay, Newfoundland is dlJr.;k soup, primarily radio range navlgatiol1. The leg from Torbay 1.0 LageIls--l200 miles of over water navigacion ro II very small island in Azores~is apt ro be JUSt oup. Two things rhe new navigator will
Jearn to love; one, tile weather slup halfwsy . cross which gives passing

beconre leug dud rhin before one gets into Lagens, and lire ·o{Iiule value durlog the latter half of this rrip, Most trips are flown dllrin_g darkness and i._ low-level cloud layel' alt'no~'t invacinbly cover (he surface, se drifr readings me seldom possible. The answer can be read only through a sexeanr, in an Air AJrnannc lind an HO 21S or 219. It's amazing how _proficient one can become with this equipment when he realizes prnliciency means the ditTt'rence be[Ween It cold swim and an ETA righton-die-nose, 011 the rrip [rom Lagens [0 Ody ( Pans), everyone feels a bit more secure-c-it would be dihl1cult t() nuss far CO the rlght of ,QUISe lies a nice mounrain-chaio and not fOO far roche lett. of rouese, is pJenry of upen water: right on up t-oward the '~ctic circle, Loran ,md Consol stations in England provide cn-course Informaucn. Weathf!'I on the Norrh Atlaoric route
offers plenry of instrument flying. Europe,

changes occuring as rh Hight progresses. Barometric hanges are IDe'JSUJ't'd by eakillg regulae pres UJ'C altitude readings and true radar alrirude readings and n t· ing the variaricn berweenrhc rwo, Since direction of rocsrion around Ii pressure area b known, by Charting the rapidicy with which nn <!irnaft is enrering or leaving R high or low pressure area, a simple formula will show rhe aInOU1U of right or lef drifc being encountered. The trip buck Irum Rhein-Mnin So far as tt'.tVJ8aUOll is concerned requ ires more exact navigarion goi~ from Orly t Lagen and the trip from Lagens to Stephenville remains ttbOlJ( the same, However. Loran going inro . ewfoundI

On

the

Other

hand,

nor

to

land is usually good, and of course rhe large Isnd mass is easier to lilt. ~WeiHh'J: vel' Newfoundland is IIltly to be bad and gus gro~vs critical, so it is hard. m relax before the needle swings over Totb~}' and picks up Srcphenvllle dead ahead. Occasionally the northern rnure is flown, vi<l kelttnd and Greenland. and rhough (11 flights are shorter, rhc weather is apr to be bad. In rhe extremely
high variaticn areas a wrops applica-

planes rada! and radio iixes as rhey go

errheless, even in the worst weather an occasional relesrial sbor is usually pesSible. There are times of curse when [his is not true, and rhen the weather ship, rhe "bird-dogs" and pressure pfltterc are ofren the Only way ro smy on course. Pressure pattern is a relatively recent inn "arion andrnay nor be familiar (Q tile older generarien. This "pattern" is obraiued by charring the barometric

es-

rion of this faCC(;lf CI.lU mean he-adin,g for Chile instead of Massachu errs. And the water IS reputed to be mig}lCY tough. AJ.ireu flight from Ln.gef)~ lO W~St· over USUHlI' otfers excellent Loran for "ETA and course en mute, but exact POSIrion and precise gus analysis must bl; maintaillf.tl due to the greater Jillf.;lnCe

l1.rtd
I

more critical

gas

load.

VA·75-FJ)'itl& 1464_6 hours during Mal' '11'1-.; commanded by LCdr. J. E. K~Jl· nedy, smashed by a wide margin their ohi reecrd of lOon.] hours esr..blished in JlIly 11148. During [his record-beeaking month, VA-J made 124 lanJings on the C(lrItl Sed.

:no.

32

.. '* *
J,,1.ir

* ....
GCA BOX SCORE
~_ I L:l8~ ~ __ • Y.l8 • 3' 5,528
l!l.~~1

Reservist Goes Manhunting
NAS Atlanta Pilot Spots Getaw,ay Car I Sf Lt. Paul E. Dennis, Marine fighter pilot wirh VMF·,l;il ar NAS A ,.ANTA has laid the groundwork fora new haplet in the erganlzed reserve training 11'l!l1l11aJ to be entitled "M/.1nIHUlr'n," it happened this way. Lr, Dennis, VCterun of the South P;lCific nd holder of rbe DPe and numerous Air Medals, is a Teo nessee Bra:re highway patrolman in civili 111 life. On the 'Thursday before drill, be \ ,15 in a stolen car chase, Two men and a woman, wbo bad been stopped hy a local pacrolman, had shor llt him and managed [0 steal rhe (~~ra '41 Chevrolet bleb illey abandoned lor a blue DoUse pick-up, Lnsr seen [hey were head'n for the "hills" f,t No;t.h Georgia. Patrolman Dennis recovered (he PEl' rm! car [tad DO FridllY sroed a 24·hol!f

,T-.)lr Totnl AI)J),r"urb~. __ [1l~tr"'n""l J\pJ)'r<i"oH"~ Ornn(l 'l'"j;nJ Appro",heo Total Instrmnent A,'IJPUJI e.h""

A 4.0 TIP!
SUBSCRIBE TODAY
It's a sound inve5tmen~t when you
5ubsCitH~e to the magazine

*

*

*

that for

31 years has brought you Naval Aviation News.

pnrrol

Colt.

Lacer rhey "swapped" this

Bi"'(1~itl/llmm d'mrlli/rf Mam! I',' ;!! 2-~qa"~(;Jd I rfl1~ II" at ttl',f !lib (l m ~r ~ ! II' illl hlmrubll! 11 ro ,/j!1I1111', 'J'hc:~{;1I(1l Ii 1j1r()f~Df 41 .poims by 7.

This 1.,,'1

IJ

cbou: or- 1/Itlit line. 101"11 flj

j

AS

tour nf JuLV on a

n

leorgm. 00 Saturday, 11,.. reported .Ihoard NAS ATkA 'fA lor weekend drill and immedu .. rely requested permis-

roadblock

Ul

North

sson

blue Dodge pick-up, which, however, turned Jut co belong to a farmer. Sunday morning both the Georgia ,1nd Tennessee nuthoricies called off the search beG.1U5f: the area was ro l large L~ eHectiveJy conerol, Bur Lr. Dennis, in

were believed ItO be hiding. On the second search, he spotted a

. ~J over the area where rh fugirives

to

make several

search

flighrs in

an

anu persu ded [he aurbarities, via loug distance telephone, [0 allow him to CODt inue the sea rch, This rime he cook It. "Luke" Green aloog as aerial observer. They reponed spotting a blue Dodge pick-lip around Fairmount acting "mighty queer"lloJ
'men seeing rwo men ditch the truck

true Marine-bulldog

fashion, hung on

for 11 red pick-up. And Slife enough, several days later, when nne ot the f1.lgitives was capmred in Snuth CareHna, he was driving a red pick-up. All of which explains ",hy Lt. Dennis is now an aurherity 01'1 aerial ruanhunt'n,

~T. GEORGINI

DEU'IE'R5 TWO PINTS OF BLOOD

Air Reservist

Saves a Life

Fiies Rare Tvpe of Blood to Mankato

W,beo the r, Peter. Minnesota, Communiry Hospital eonracred the r, Paul Red Cross Blood Center for the !111:l:: type uf blood urgendy needed foe a Mrs. Evereu Crymble. who was ro undergo ~urgery, rhe Center asked NAS :rvllN· NUAPOl.'fS for IlO J,ssisr. Lt M. C Georgmi volunteered for the mission and flew til two pints 01 J1 negative blood as far as Mankato, where [he Minnesota StMe Patrol tOok over. The blood arrived in rime,

Vfll,

IlAH! 'HOT ANO DUSTY. HE SAYS'

h) H011'g .Kong'! bellUlifill hll,bo'lf with II deck load of Fat"! fl,ul d.i~'t! bQPlIbsu before Ihe Waf. db!) i'l tbe p,b,o{{J ~rtJ IWI;tBri1iJh (I"li;iJ(!!'J tina jOlilJraJ IJghl fighri#,/l 1I41iIJ of Jnc BrilMh A!;'~/d, /leet.
'Willi

flattop,

Tlm~

were

'Iw~e penee}:JI

new

u#h

flu;

P p,J/;t

I1h();/'I'a 1"1< p,'rr~('T

(l;.'~1 ';:t/

<!cti(~fJ,_11f

Valle,

FOT&B 'Wet'"

thu photo

Vias uzj~tJrJ oj

Ihil

sbot, It

the

33

fighters swarming from (:nrriers d J$e orJ the Korean shore to M.IPPOrt b;lI"ri-prC's~ed Army ,mQ Marine ground HOOpS. inrerest to high speeJ pull-outs and G forces las risen. 00 e air supp rt, long a strong POiN of Navy ,ltli) Marine l='JiO[S, requi-res fast low-Ievel mllDtluveting 'I hit:h PUtS he;!vy strains on the pilo; aud _plane alike, Problems ()f helping the pilor combar G 1)~ln(graviIY; were Ji~lu~eu in Nil\' 11 ( AVIA110N I1\'<1S r;iSC month Vlllti-G II#! J. pg. 14 j . Qu ~ons arising OUt of rhe el1et'r Ilf high speed pull-outs 011 planes Will be Jl SUI s-sl',l U1 dus arri d e, dra fled by 1 Jr. J~)hn E Liceuccre; commanding {lfiilt.:"C If VA·IS. ~ ho ieceurly completed ,III invesugurlon of (Iuu type of maand Marine neuver

NAVY WITH drve-bornbcrs and

HIGH

SPEED

PUL

-OUTS

much load an ,(irpl.Lnc·

The problem

revolves around

hl W wil'g t;U1 SUp-

pan before Ir shears off' the plane Juring the jmll-ouc. All iV!lV)1 nirrrafr are ;lS igned a maximurn luad which is nOI ,0 be exceeded, In the C~ of earner .Iircrnh. rhis l(lI\u is 11 unlJy seven or
cigll r

ROLLING PULLOUT FROM DIVE PUTS HEAVY STIIAIN ON ONE WING

Of FIGHTERS 011 ATTACK PLANES 1i0t

gro . weight d the nircrafr. These li f(. lug loads ure imposed ptitn.-u:ily on the wrngs, since most of the plane's 11ft

G '5,

or seven

oreighr

rimes rile

and bomb racks .. re dt'si~1ed for a limi of even c.r
engwc lUOlll'Umtmgs

scm

of ehe llxed

road items such as

Taking, for ex-ample, die case of an airplane ehnt lias 3 Umir lead factor of seven 0'.;, the fullowing. questions
• 1I1Se

Cnl11cS frClm the wings

1. What happcM if the limit load factor of seven G i•• eached (On numerous occasicns?

rlCll.! will mot rake j ncreased JIXIl!ings as rhe airplane gross weight is reduceu. Therefore. seven G should nor be exceeded UI lower rhun n anal gross weights and sheuld be reduced at I¥earer Hian normnl gross weights .
3, Hov do en G?
gUstS

affect the 6gure ef sev-

date is rhat, repeated imposing

(If ix or seven 'puU~ UtS will have no effecr on rhe structural ,ntegriry of [he airplane, 11, all pCl'lb:lbiIity, several rhousand seven G pull-outs could be made before mere wouLd be any danger f farigue Iailure,

The answer bused on experience

TO

The accelerurion of all aircraft pIOduced by a gusr is approxirnarcly proportional to the speed at which the plane
gl,lSrIl C(lD be l'Ul imporrant
:1t

bered thnr ir is extremely ditIiCl1lt to regulate rhe amount of C applied in ~ saap pull-cur AI 0, II will be seen thar the (;\.i] load is much larger in 3 snap pull-out. Finally, it wili be seen rhar curreru Navy accelerometers ru-e almost usele s in a snap pull-out. There[ore.avoid snap pull-ours unless neces'n ry for safery reasons. 6.. How docs alt;rude "ff~e! lhe seven G
fa~tqr1

ceeded. However

vided rite seven G figure is

il must be rernem-

ex-

is traveling;

therefore,

in a pull-our,

factOr, since

How does [he gro.-s W",jghl o( the air. "raft alf",[ [hi! iigu re of seven G?

z.

the high speeds encounsered in , pull-our gusrs can impose I"'ild fa tors of three [11 five G's, Hence, for the example air(;mh in rough air, the pilor

of

AL nigher altitude, tile permissible is reduced, owing primarily to fncrors
5!;]

lliog and buITet,

. How large a 1"110 can be hllpa.ed dIe wings before they wlll fail?
$llft'iy

011

The figure IS decerrn ined for mosr aircraft for il weight that u~Uy i near (he middle t)f rhe rnn.se of me plane's premissiblo weights. Thereefore. if the sross weight ()f rhe plune ] increased. rho value of seven G must be decreased so rhnt the product of 0 nod l,lrtl-SS weight remains constant, siuce ir is rhe
product of G's time gross welAhr rhar

should not pull more rhan G !1I a pull-our.
4. How do rolling
figttf~

rwo [\1 four
affect the

pull,ollr.~

of seven O? In a folllng pull-ow the wings are no longer loaded syrametrically. J n other words, speaking of [he wing as 11 semi!pM. one W Lng is carry ing 11101'e lq;u-j
thall the l)~her. La l\ggruv~ted cases this may reach tv 70~1 tll "01'1 rario, There-

is l.1Pl'toxiOlllcely (he load bing imposed on the wlng of the aircraft, if the gto!;s werghr of the [ljrCfllft sible accelerarien of seven G, the wing will be able to rake accelerarlons greateI (han seven G However, In some planes,

is less

lba,t1

thar

specified for a perm is-

wing will nor be Joaded more in it snp,p pull-out dum io a regular pUll-OUI pm-

~, How do snap pull-outs n.de f the figuee of seven G? As far as the wing i concerned the

f.ure, die maximum allowable G for the example aircraft should nor exceed ve G in ~I roUing pull-our,

Most airplane wlngs have a built-in lactcr 01 1.5 to 2. This means dll1.~ for rlus example airplanev a load factor uf to to 14 can rheorerically be imposed be me failure, ThIS 01Jl)' very well be true the first rrme the plane is stressed over seven G. However, if the plane has been stressed mote (han seven (, previously to su h an extent rhat permanent deformarinn has sec in (i.e, past the elastic limit of rbe meral) , it is conceivable char the nexc pilot co ;~y rhe plane could cause the wing to raj[ by imposing loads 01- fcmt to seven G.
8.
RQW

accurate

are the accelerom"ters

cntrendy

used in naval

kcraft?

dition and has been cnlibr:.Hed property, it will produce excelleac readings in

IT the accelerornerer is to good con-

34

A time m r~"\ldl maximum aeceleraei JO oJ from :tit to 1 second still is being considered 1\ slow pull-up, 1r must be nered, however, char
ir i.s possible for a piloc to reach [ul! deflection of [be elevator j L1 sbeu t I ! 10 of n st:COQ~ Therefore, rea.dlngs reached

slow pull-outs,

OF NAV

GETS EYE APPEAL

NASCORP S HRJSTl-lnbouod hearing! Outbound pe,uingr G(o'ogrllphk poskionAdd, subrrart, nun left. righ •. intercept, are some of the Standard jargoo U~t.J in ilmiliatl1.iog students with problems or omni <lod DF navignrion ac All Wearher Flight SchoGJ. Based nn rhe pre-mise ihur mOM peo· ple rhi nk 10 terms of rnenral images, and rh:u one special device or ridure i:. wurrh 11 fe,,,, thousand words, Lr, R. R. \' ancil designed ;Lnd builr wltac he culls
seven feel high and drcllh.r sections are t1PPn1XI~ marely four feCI in diameter, This gcn~ ee( US size IIlS11res readabilirv fClr M ICI\5t 31 assembled students, ·The device gl'llphicaUy p(J~rrll}'S nil problems encoumered in radio bearing navign,iol'l nnd Ct).odemdnStr~le radio m;1gneric Ln. dlcaror type dial being procured for
VANCIIL SHOWS HIS DEVICE '0
1 evol

in l:j.Jldings, snap pull-ours. gusts will have no physlml
" hatever. under

and SI1 ideo slgni£i.OlIKt:

possible

(I~r [hem [() nrrempt tl seven C pull-ou r SI.fcly even rheugh n nuel! nonnal ccndirions a seven G pull-out would be perfecrly ;111r.jghr. Under nt) circumsrance should n Ill'eater [h,1J1 seven G pull-our be arrernpeed on rhis example plane, unless if is lib 0'

In conclusion, pilo(!; must realize fl1lit cornbinari 105 tlf some of rhe :1.1verse factors pr.t:vl usly listed. It is irn-

a beuring problem disp.lay, The device srands almost

sholthl be made before
Even then It
IS

poses. Lt a pull-our In excess of th1it fig[Jre were tt) Ii made it certainly should be reponed by the pilot on lunding and a ~hnrough check nf (he plane
[he

Iurely necessary

for safery of flight pur·

BROWN, SWOPE

v ing J iscs of 1'1YWI)'ld.
telaeive bearing

The largest
of the sra-

next Ilighr.
the

plane has been deformed dnngt:rDLlsly.

hard

to

tell whether

omni raoge navigation. Ir should be p'o:i no:fuJ (JUt that no probthey

PBM-SA's To Be Remodeled
After many years or milit-,uy service the; Martin PBM·;jA arnpbibun is due [elr d militaeiaation. A prototype plane: ;1' belJJg worked on by NAS NOHl'o!.!';;. In tlcmilit,ui;:ing a. [,)[.1.n1.',all armament equipment listed m the standard inventory is removed with the exceptlou pyroreJwic. All armament oper:ttln.g system~ are removed except fransport ConfisurClliron

Authorized

lems are solved on this demonsrraror, merely are cli 'pbyecl. thereby C(;. quiring srudenr participntion \lnJ pm· rru til'8 learning. The rusplily 15 made of three circular,
N M INNllAflQLI. Lowell G. Stewart

rains the airplane silhouette and window through which toe plane hCll'di ng is read, The plexiglas arrow represents the direcrlon finder nzlmurf indicator pointer. Srudents repore the device useful,

the plane, The middle disc .lIOWS. ehe plane heading as read on the directional t..'Yro. The front disc <::0!1'

disc gives non from

AV/o,.'o(

sration "Wilt.] fOI ,Jcv~klp· ill,g a new melhQLI roc cleaning and ster il1#n.'1 gllrbB!,'" ,lisjJ()saJ (al1J1.
it

has won

• AS MlNNHA"OI.l&--Jn the renmL squxdIon comest (0 bnng JIl new recrurrs, VB-B1':: took top hODQP; Willi Don Krcckow AMSG leadinp: rhe way,

or

tn.lt required
tank.

ror lheur0Pl"abh: Iuel of the nose turret \ ill be a metal trarrsport nese, )\lAS S~\N DJt'(lU IMS been authorized
)0 place

to con vert
transport

one

of the

planes

col1figur~i!jon.

AI'So p'rior

to

the
LO

been arrroved. rbe Bureau of A. 'IQllI1Ulic;~ wi issue;1O airrntft set ice change fOt, d~miliU1Jizin,1:: all of the "BM-SA'", In rn;lkin~ the ('h:mge, me t rad io .!I1lJ radar gear will be retained. Wrlh much of the miJit:uy wcight remov cd. th¢se rl.mcs will be excellent utility amphibian planes. They will have ;l larJ:;<: paj' lo;lJ, Ion,.: rllllgli' and
be able water. to orel\tre !II

all the planes, 35 in number, F ASRoN t If) ha b en authorizcd to co 11 vert Hiree airplanes, When the Norfolk prototype has

the order

to ronvert

I'nirty

rough

• N S New YO~-Tblrtv·llve ational Gtl-drcl offi... rs of rhe I' 52m! AlHi~tdrcrafl e llmali(Jn of Fort I:lldtn l'ec(:mly pt't~r"re.:l a ",pedal dB~S in 'i0 cal. machine gun Jrllining Aiv"l1 by A. Reest:- JlOJ at this station The oiikers lU>OOrho: Navl"S l·A.2 sunlle!']' rrnlner, In lerrer of apprecisrion, the insrru tot llIId rhe course were b!lth gl'l1.d.:d "eeeellent,"

iu)irted Irw tb« /irJ/ time at NA.S Alomedn as f0l1l1;.'III1i'iillg office!'. (,II) iJ. Iml) sam» cQIJj!(!:t'litilm to s« lbe llax. /lJtv re"dhl~ of fb" me" ",,{f)tJ itt ',*,,1 Allj,Jti(in 81n j'/lstio{/ pentJllud got tbe MatH IJ1"11I1 NIII!';/ Sh/p;'VHrd'J Jail dlld jlr.{!. sbop fQ makl' one of tht> I!mh/tI1Ju tfl t,IJtJ dayJ, if> lhne for the ,~r@m'Q1li~·!_ C"Pt. "10M l'til1ldt tit I1tle'll;rm Q(l ~bll righe af Mltrj,;q colo» g,,,ml!WllrI bow the b!uf!i-Imd'gald J/ltIWrfl:d liP the f/4gpoje
8ur.,au
II/,'J

of A8M,wtf~ti,,' "Mit rri/iddl flag

ott ,

,blg?iJ'

wh(JJt CapI, John

[1. AIOJ.f

rank

""1:,-

Restricted

35

Reft#iricCed
$igo;. This ... wend. B campdseJ of tWo solid half-round shoes mwe of steel. either knurled or serrated. actuated by a cam in the center of the shoes, which expands' [he shoes {igaLnn

the walls of the flange wirh sufficient grip
for fur tetnQval. 'l'h~ hody of [he rool is made of 'two pieces

of kid:~lte C'a.1!fng" 1 5/16" l'I I 9/16" x 3 :y,j". one heat-neared carp '4" x n~" 'x 111~. Ml-3JNCX 115116" bQll. tid nUl. two dowels 5 32" )( 5'$", 4 Gills 31"2" x ~1l" ): 2-,~". ne stern (hear rresred ) 1 l 16" x (I T /1" and one Woodruff lrey N . G. Actividu. interested ill nbmwing adcljIlOM! details

Oflieer, NI\S

should

write

the

QlllmuflJil1g

CUIn'L.S CHI~r:rrl.

K CORRc.CTJON
ANGLE IRO~ HOLDS .ACCESSORY CASE FOR WORK

FACTORS

FOR TAS

MAGNETO

1'£STU

ISOLATES BALKY

CYLINDERS

Angle

Arm

Holds

Jet

Case

PRESS ALl. FEET 10,00a 20,000 30.000
-

CAl.16RATEO AIRSPE;ED)(NOTS

Device
Vl\IIR-252.
dled:

Spots

Mag

Troubfes

St-{S.l), CHERRYPOINT-Coofronred with the problem of handling rhe accessory case of the J--I.z's p..,j 911d "P.!i j('r engine, shop personnel developed :I small, eHecrive attachment lor holding

It;) ,99 97
----

a
96
89] SB

\le\';'e 10 ,~ttht complex IV Will 11'~"J" Maj(" engine has betn develo})\1tl hI' T/SgL Robert T u..r'r:~n for squadron R4Q'S, Tile .rnasrer magneto swircl1 In die CI)~k.
CJ!F'RIt't' ]'om'I'-A
'magtJe«()s

cig:u In the Jack pad opening of n l1y. dre-mechnnicil j-ack (n-n . .T-~'f.). the C",St is 11e 1d j I' n sa f e and easil y ac Cl'SS ible pustrion Materia! used wall 4130 steel. 'Two pic:(es of plate were employed one 3~" for tile gusset, and one V,i" for the mun..! pad to secure the accessory case. Two pieces o( round 11/1" seock were used, one for the vertical bar and one for the horizontal, The round pad to secure we scces ory case 15 8" ih dj· arneter, The horizonml bar oC round stork is Sl, long anA rile verrical bar is 'J 2" long.

mounnng sruds of (he power take(1ff mount and placing the capered up·
SIX

ihe case whil mou tHing aCCi.>!>S0rlcs. [3y securroj;) t11i:; atl~}ul1ent to rhe

40,000 50,000

96 93

94
79
"~ftTI~':S

~

83182

77[74
t

pil cannor !l(C11tateJy loeare cosine !!la~ drop [or The seven banks' dual magnetos. When trouble showed loll" ~I$ a ma,g J(OIl. hourS' were Spell! dUlngjng plUBS IInJ leads, U~ing Larsen's device, the trouble can be SPOt('C<I in a matter 01 minutes. It consists of seven ~Ing!(; pule. double

~;er~~~;-tJ~~~~!;1~1.~ll:e~;~'~!~ ~ ,;! ~rl~/~'
J I ~.

throw to!W1e switches and a sensrnve
ometer builr into it. From

tllch-

hr ""..
PI J.

I .,~.

I ~ t)IH.
1114:
rl'

e ar e e t ad

I,

'Ii'"E'!i'Q

1 fljll

this pormhl.e 1Ullt

o.t).;e.

i:l

I

~1IIi!lll

~;nt!~~~ !~.;)~~~ ~=tI"I:; :;~~~'~:~~~:"~~~::~~~1J~
C.i'~

cxtend

about 15' (If lead wires which plug

flQul'!l.11
(l~~!!,!,! ~ut-f~.

lJli "",,,".1

11'Ip-

'I~\flo'''''''' ".e~" mtlJ.

P!!r, llnC:I'II';I'.:!J!r~tll.) ....

3 ..

Jk~ R.:.f~
pf~.!.~r'!: .j,.

g~ 1i6'B' er
~#< I'Q1 ..

Iip*'fIa ~
Ho 4J It!\
ol.H

rIll! ..

lo,i.t

.. 'UloiI'

c:jlIIH.l:tll!"'!l1

j'~'~l~~'" .. "aeed •
.~~
f' ~ _,

"'I~

• ,.,.... lo",d

1~l1'Ir'i!!,.i t t'l1i

~Il'

l ,', l"j ~

~()~~~'r~~~

l~~~ .f;~
'~I "'al~

'''S (1·1jIo

"'.

to

PA...'
+

t

ne

I~
tic,.

IlT /I, I"

T4S ~::::
It)

SW8 f.e!"f1I"A Z3{

+-~

",,1'::'

l-~~~,~~~~

"'l~{l

A.s lon~

Ilf

.firrr,lft

tbe
(}rrl,

M#lf

r,mgr, airIpeM corrsettan itldl'.d~
d1li1l14!- fllld t~m{li!rJlllr't.

lit III

into the mag test circuit in (he engine firevaU. Eno)J.gl1 f rhese u nles have been ~(IO· sttu<;re4 to carry one ill each of the {'acRets. Leads arc plugged ill at the !hewal~ I'ilcll switch i~ (OggI~,i Ie both lef, and right positiOP5 11( the normal ,0" Ilg settl ...!:': and ,he . drop off IS fe;ld 011 rhe I1lcnometer. Thus the crew chi~f can isQbre the mag: drop to either the from or rear plugs in four

at 1pl.:

I.J ((.1111/ bejou,
NoZl'

rhe Zs cyliodt'J' • ~ Bt~Af!r' Ctlfluflt;!nt-This

or

squipmenr

i~

Irrt'l!IIIC

Engine Flange Work W,.eneh
A special H)!)l d£:l;''''~eJ tor rem val and illSfull.u.tion r.>f intake flanges DI] IUrj.~1engines 1Ul.~been dtJlH$f1(!,1 by William X. Young, NAS CORf>VS OJRIS'rL Ir was develeped lUl<l~! dle Navy Beneficial Sugsestio(\ Program,

il;~ (W/!/lffl!ibiiit) jJ(i<Jf "I<" 11II1.f1be truel. T"bJe irom T .N. $·)0- F(1tmul .. iT T S=.k"'Y'. TAS=-KY'.

considered '" very good idea .15 a ume. S II ver for- tcou bIll s.hoorin g in maiurcna nellRctiy.ilis. Some airat'nh_ with R-43!50 <1.0gin!'.. lnstall"d- lise an engine aunlyul" ,.,hicb, will find the .trouble dtill.ng Bight.

Whiting
be a record

Mechs
for pu Iling

Are
jl

Speedy
mliY no[

Rig

Aids

in

Gun

Removals

.NAAS Wll1TfNG Emw-Tl:u!

12U.hout

cl'Ieo::k

When \Vright ool Parr #910009 ,V~ used, tht three rubber washers which were ,ll'Sl"neJ [0 t:Xpll.od in liang'C to creare -M,rffir ienr arip 011 the n"lll'~ inner w"ll l)eqame oil soaked, This slowed operation ami re!iuLrW fre'Q.lJ~n[ renewal of the w!l.<JJe.rs. Young 11115 W use 11 rool of his own de-

on -a TO-I [er engine, but JTlJ-J thinks ;~S four-men crew headed by hief~ '. E, Spies li.l aU righr 10 d()ing (he iub In four hears. T1",; does nor in Iude time fen pullmg the engine "Ul of the plane. FoT'" tht: 12rl.hclu.r engi ne rheck, rhe lurlW1C hlndes nrc inspected exhausr cone is remo ed: Ciil is d I'll itleJ <'1M rehlled: oil strainer cleaned; fuel mllnil,,!d, drain maaifcld illld air J.Japrers .m:' reIf\O\'tIJ. Wn1 pr~stlr t:t.~i G 1, ch~rk('d n fOJ." ctarks t)r me(ru f.uip.re: (Qmb~tiun clumhet"! -0 r~ ..h eLk ~J fa r c.ta r;b :md h I.Une(.\ ~POIS: ill.Oer Iinel's, fuel nozzle. "urnes -and fuel hlter~ rep!a(eJ_ This (l).L1.~ n I seun,l like (, u r hau1:s work per man bl.)[ It mll5[ be remembered ~ch bolt most have the 'OF!<K:t tellS ion; aJJ

fur propel

clearance,

warpiog

and eracks :

VJ1-C,l. Or..BAl'M_-An cf'lemvc ~k fO! reo rneval ,,( MJ 20 mill cannon from tilt' F9F-2 hll~ been developed hi' 1. 1\ Dowling. AOZ. It consisrs of 3. ball bearing roller mounted on .1 brake! with a flar bottom. TILe toller is _1,/' high, ~" wide -and t" lung, Tn remove rhe gu ns, (he roller is placed rUSt n.fl of {be I roDt rnou ur and tlre gil o~ are f(!I1e-.1 01.U. The. reverse procedure is used {O Install the guns, TILls rig saves mru:ry sldnn .... l kaucklel anJ much dum age to equipruenr.

til,te.r.
TOOL DESIGNED FOR ENGINE FlANGE MECHANICS

mUSl

he cleaned

clearancestechedced

a ITer io.s talLin.s the ex5Al~.~I;AIt!!'IG !tOLLER CUTs DA.MAGE TO CANNON

and rurbine

blades

haust coDe.

36

Re$wicted

Pinbalf
vP.-L.

Ideo
PALl

Cuts

Bounces

r rc-Tho$e pilots w'h" pu~h. ~,ollnJ, ~hakc Jo-J jar the (,jllhllll tliM\1IUI.",. to keep the ball "hl:le they want II will ft"'! I'igbt .It hOnlt JI1 onetlll, "qu<1,lnm, planes jf Ihl'f usc he 5JIII(' tt:\:l""Qi1'ill HTin,'l • . nll, It IS quil'- ,1 "Ufj~(l>t If! Silli It;: 1\, ~t;e a .fI1L~i1jng red "TILT· light hI' 011 II,,:

"e

in trument cepl;onally

panel n lrer a hurd lallJi;nx ,or el'erraue maneuver in 1111,.rl,ln!:".
SHAIIP CORNER ON F91' COVERED BY BENT 1'11'£

CHIU

CONkLIN

SHOWS Off

USEFUl. TAIL JACK

Salvaged

Ports Make Jack

Guard
MCA

Covers
El. Tm<o-

Tail

Corner

A portable hydraullr I,,('k wnidl will Lltis<; Ihe ttl-ll I)f .LD ~41J 1m,; ilt'l"ll J1!stgot'J and \1l.1ljt by CI)Jef ,Avi;tlil'!l r-.ktod~mitll E. G. Conklin of Vf-J~_ It IS mad" of salvaged muter ials. T1u! jack f!l.mllll~tes ~ha(1giJlg tal] "h. ] • (11·f)!' t<lsrs an.1 other ru.u ntenancc, especially aboard ship. Its pnrr.ahi1ily ucl ease f peradon makes the ln1k cOll5tanll, in dermm.l h}
C(uMir
liquaJruCti,

Th i~ !t1l1Jldron

hm. ,II:-

HAIID LANDING

IIRINGS

"TIn'

ON THE PANH

The vitnl IW1S of ~hc I.\J,: ,IJ"(: tW(I 'rBM h mb b3r duu[ l1.ctU81iIlE cytindl'rs, one TBM bomb har <i(>lJf selector valve 1Hld one !Iydnllllit hllrld,r,u[l]ll.

Plane ('taln G~t!! C Denton, xcn, ;5 rt'"~P!.lMlbk for dC'SI_g11 and installauon uf this experimental ··Je-L?IJUJ\ .:r IHlJ fHght~nlu,,!h(lN)lItL'f_'" Perhaps he hi! flluhJ:,

lIiled it irnple method 11.1 protecting person ne! IHUll head arul WI: iniuries incident ro bumpinu into the outboard corners of the ,ti~as~el11bleJ tall section of I'W'S, T ~gL Robert R. Buckner carne "1' wIth III~ hkll shown in d1C photll. By bt-Jldil1A :J piece or stmp(\t'.j 0 wl-iog -.tod fi(ting ~ small Iength ul hose 1)1; I Ill" end, 3 n adequate gu,IJfi und ,HIe Vt"ry JilIitull If) knock oIT ,Kcidenrally h;IS heel] d eve lc,peJ ,

remind the pilots rheJiO: 1l~ ing I'lIl,c·him;5 with t"1lTC
l!ieC ",1)' tH

to

h.wdl,

Plane' Gives
VR<i.
BAlli

Some

Trouble
OQW

E-BuNo,

~(J541 is

on

Air Pressure
nder the

Gun
Department

Designed
Beneficinl

Phofos

Save

Drafting

Time

Nlwy

"Ihen it becomes necessarv to ck"-af!. 1:. quirk. Nread~' and .~(llIttj)nl.'d !low of sealing COmpound is assured by the triggtr rype valve
provided the pistol }!Cdp handle. Thus the pn Ihe .sellling compcuad I:;; re-

operarinos Oil Rm ranks at dl,e 5tllllnfi. Tbe 8U n consisss t!.5M"Utiali, ,)1 a. flO\.lli Ill! Q'pe ease-hardened pl;smn opet[1.titl,l: in Il honed cylinder. The cylinder is ,hret\{bl dIlll ctpped at hnrh en 15 rf) permit reatly access

SUU~titln f:iw.j!1".am. Heward It Bowman rrl<i Donald J Ft=klin of A A AMlillA have developed ;j n ,Ii r pr essur e gIl II, d <'5igneJ espe,·ially lor :l"pp"I)'lo~ qukk.dryluS putty ItnJ rubher compounds JUllOl!. sealiJl~

Hnu r s, of tedious dtaft.in~ rnerhod using photography

,~l engineeriua group 13[ memo NAS AN DHiGO. In ft)ltkiog installarion 'lilt! assembly J.r1O\VinKS br til s rnerhod, up IO 90% of de iting rime all,] COSl ere ~al't'd_ It ;1.lfo.ri.ls all illusreanve duilY not possibJ(t wirh 5janJar,j ,{raftiog merhcds. It ls e5pcciaIll' useful when
a !tug« umount, of reference material IllU!!f b~ shov... with 11 relativel), .sirnple drawing, ~n

-are 5<111'cd by a In die -:,terOI1Ullllthe O&.ll., deparr-

its way I"lJ heavy rnaintenan e. Here's why' 1<, r )&) Summers. that Veteran I_) [ Alil~k.I11 flyiog ,U<& pes , was laking off from Kedink when tbe rower called him up: "Navy Nan 541, YOllr #4, J mean, # I engine IS =i1mp" smoke andappe;w, tl:/ b..--by golly

il IS 0NFIRE!"
~IiU((){f valve Wll~ pulleJ, arnl (e~lhereJ brl0g;n/{ the oil lire qu.ickl"y UDder antral wirhour use oi rIle carbon dioxide. Five minutes Iarer Summers hll.[ landed 'he phme_ Durio!; lhJit time-

J1be firewall

the engil'l~

Kodiak rower had ulerred the crash crew
urnmers lande.J,
rtn:
J oellld itill ,eV(lA

It photograph

or bJSt"llaljon Ill-a positive is ruade '"

is taken or the (lss(.:mhly and [rom the nllsa[l.,.e j con-

By the ,rime
equiprnent,

I 1 pieces of

rnu:k"

wert:

In

11.0enlargernenr On this positive frlIll <til further d rllwlllg is based.

pressure k<lSed at the end of each applic:arion .. Prior 10 me Inueductlon of this ~agge'~ucn, [be use nr rhe wnvcnrio.I1!1l &1 ope-ruled rgun proved imprnctical bee ause rhe t;tukkdr\Jin.!l trlmpolJlld gummed up the m{)"\'1n~
pans. reports tU3,t Ihe suaeested inierror Jt1Jrl Mr'er.l"'~ ~'llidl'l1ll~:rn.l ("!to I'e dellm-J \t jrh case'. thNch rrflVilj jn~ ~ «('111"Cllient Itr('thn.!" ;'PI-! '[n , T.r. j~ I'illll' nnJ
T,r:. :>.1(\.

The prefeered methud of producing the llnisheu dnnvirrg is 10 first locate the posi-tive in the desired position 00 a $taodttr.:l .irll.wios,
sheet. -PM

best

cur aWUj' over

results the rhe !'Hm.

paper

should

he

The second step is t-o reproduce a Sel'ld line prlut. The third step is the'lIl;tl1al drawrng which is .IMe on {he I'Q.f pest results, lines and be carbon ba ke.1 or a very PIlnt~ !rom rbis Sl:'pr~ lille sepia. line. lHinr JeneriQg slmuh] (1ft pencil usedtrating -are ~

NAS Ai-A1\'lIwA

A.ft~t th e engine was. ehanged by I h ~ V R J MATS det;ldtlUl:!nt in K laic., me' flight prtl.:~deJ !lJ Ad:ak a1' planned, On the rerurn rrip from Kodlnk to Selin le, ~ complete 10 '$ of fue! pressure power llj~ #4 engine. The Highl wntttlUcd the rernainmg IOLlf hours on Three ':il,!!! ne. wi rh d P2V II ad f\V() P!!Y search and rescue pl3l1CS lining as eseerts rile la~[ tWu bonrs, .stiNo. 56541 i~ now Oil its way- ltl heavy maintens nee

co roure.

"no

[ubhe,

rQni[,fJIlII,1 .

re mierio! w rho~~ 01 tbe sep1a Hn~ ullong. H an C\urire1i/" photpgraiOhic pr~ess i_s desired.. (he or'glnal Ilegative .bonld be used Wlth a. [[Illl~pilcent plnsrk overlay all which all d.mfeiog should be "loM witb an opaque

,ITId In r!iilmng ttl Cju'lllfy- ~, •. ~('Irnhar tir An a[terOHtc is to acmmplisb -aU dr••flif\!? n<"Vrnen. Till' cSyllu,bu_' u stlltl~ I~ set tj" ~(l on t"hC' d.l\wing sheet in Sl~p Ol'lt, 'l'hi 1"1!OC- (bill Jl. m~ll ""n qUil,lih in )-1); rrlrTnt11~, ~ss is slU.isfauory t(Jf most tfSilSe.. but prioTs

p.~rior to Ifa<; io,s.

t>rinl~

NAS

MINNE,\I'(Jus--Sevcfl[)'-~cvtn

01

))reduced

from

an inked

p'l"'llnl'lel

"'I'

h~\'e ra~'<"tl p11v<il..'11"1 Jrt'Il1CIllS r~\1U

Pborographk reduction fOf enclosures to 1JlJAFR chan}':e~.. etc.. nnr.m"Uy j"eqluri!l21 an lnk dr.u.WI11.1; «l.O he teaJ,l,' ~('con1p!ishetj jemu ~nl' o! !1le;;1;' t'w~csw!, by llholt;Jgtt~l)h I"S blJlk hn· ()~"IIJrl:"(1rodUHiolH lid. re·
~IlANI(l '(, MR_ DINGtEBERRI'. I OON·l tHINk YOUR ID£A WII~ ~EPlAC~ WING OE..JCERSI I?I'u,h.<duII,~
"Ill

p1totOgt\!lphic ink.

I\r.~I"ij,le equ,,1

(lr

'LlJl~rinr

In

~I
t
SAY. OLD BOY, All"""," YOU A TRIFLE LOW?

:11, Lnk rrddH!<.

37

PARTS-A

D TO
real ranon

SPAR
r"OISOOS

I •
15

tor, usage
t,

tiltH

pu

pu

ntll

lI)hJ

Por example "That fnLl rlap mIT)' look great, bu I raplnl:emeor is r~gulllf ,11Iei' 5el'tlml or rh ird overhaul he·
rause o! darna;:in,e t'~mt.l corrcsi OIL'· imcrJot salr water and

parts prccuremen

Blueprint drawings, C\lmr,I([Qr rlocumenand te hili- ians Il5SiSi the pedMrn",ne~ IIf .t provi~ionjn!ot ream appreciably, \WithOIH rhe cnntrncror"s thorough and ccrnprebensive
,I()Verll_l;le'Of

in\: would

/HU

the altcl"Et, 511C~1O'(lliproyi~Qn be possihle,

I
LIre
[0

A(JLll'J1QN r() a complete ser ot blueprlnt drawings, N~v)r prl)l'iSlunillj! s hed-

rurnish a ,)1'< OVi~J 0 n ifIj: ar ••uiged in gfOupn~l>~mhry ~L)iblhlc fen repr odut uon

lease ;0)

now requires The contrartor
P9

rrs Dr en k d OW~" order Oil a form

Th.u. document .~ the bfblt. of provl-,i'.IlJi(I!I, since UP()A it is ,u.urJ"J ,III rill! J.U;I oill,lined I>y the pro,'i>~Qninp ream. ThiS breakdown , 100i,lr
down rn and indud.ing the loUt plure, gltSSllt lind stringer, 'the InllowlIlg d'~1 afC re orded: clnss code, part number, descriptlon, SLH.I-rre ~ude. whether

complere,
'!.run-urlll NOI TWO EXPERrS VIiR lJF.li AS OF OLP. BUT TWO DOZEN MAJ(~ UP PROVISIONING 'E-AM feR BUAER TODAY

E

.concenrrated review of 15.(100 bJllejlldm~, if
you arc prope.rly qUil-lil!ed by reason 01 esperjenue, know-now program r~.p()nsJbiliIY
and interest. and have .ldjUSted nervous tySfem.
3

pa e Pans Pro...u'iooi~ Team? Tf YOUL eyeballs have rhu stamina 1(1 last 111Cf1l1gh twb, week";'! ,of

"(1""

-vr

ai lerues, elevators, l.I nd ;lie: gear IInks, erc.)
. t this tHIIt. The preptovi,iQnlng I1lCelin$ lJ.~is't~ the roruructor in establish Lfl.Io\tht requ irements of produr-. rinn IIi rcrah, POC about "x months stter the preprovisioning meeting, the ~OIlu'lIWU is bIlSll!, c'ngll.!leJ in rililking ptoorremems 01 raw materials and j 11 releasiDj;: his cn;lriommn" urawin!!.' fdr U}rnp"Lletrr, sub-assembly lind assembly parts hilS!!.! un previnLjSly C.DJI!' plered desl~Ils tnr experlrnenral protQtyp!:$. The Av;ati(')11 SUl~ply Office kn()"'~ well in advance rbe proposed lind optimum date Ier provisioning, This dare is precisionare pre-provisioned

01 maintenunce or overhaul
able
Of

nature, salvagenumber of unitl>

.non-salvngeshle,

per pJa.nt', $C!ctinn 13. Allowanc-I' List Appli· cation, '1l.1anmy procured per 6·, or D
Q~IOt:a.,llnJ l<;lwl C)i.!l'IlltiW,

reasonably nu're the

well man

jor the assignmeat, Bei{lIe the r~ttllnlf of blueprints mueh prep1~{)lt()Ty wnrk il required,
the \V~y il begins. Firsc, the

begins, Tll,', is

basic aircraft

"f the value of ,tenl 1. 10 be furnished .in "corciance with "Navy BuAER pare Pam
Provhlonlog_ Procedure." now known as Mu: nitioD~ Board ase 30. Tramlated inlo dollars by lISSigning ill) .tidrrune unit VIlJUJ! qf $115.000 tan averaBC price for rhe several OnJigu.rlltiom ) MlJ multipl),lo.g hy lbe number of Iliro-#r ( 35() " we have nn estl m ared I'll rfra ""~ valu e

conrracr is broken OIl!. \ll~ol.1gh il b.as been prepared bl' ehe leJ,,>alt:fIgie.1 BllAllil. a ad rhe contracrar, IhC! pertlnt'nt Jam 1,1;simple, A typlCll.I cenrrarr of [\\'0 ft'llr~ ago ~."is fllf l prrf.orrn3!1Ce of seven irerns, including rhe foUoWlrtg: IW/iJ ;lll, Sb, k. ,U' Airplantt models t designanon with'.elJ\-Totn.\, ~56, Item 4; '~,,\rc parts ro -pproximacely 199;

1t Is lrvm II,-c "1' rtJv is i IJ" ing Parts B reak1l0\V,1" lind the Information p~lvt;leti by the provisioning warn rhar the con Iracror prepares his Hlustrared Parts 'I.tafO,Il:. All parts selected for procurement, plus in [;lUaUon. ant! M -and M] manu ('\till! r~d P;! rrs required 10 shaw III\I St ra I i11 re:hll iclI1sh.ip are 'show n n In Section n. "The Gnmfl Assembly Breakdow ..." NRVy znuinrenanre lind supply per-

rim~J anti uccurs illlm<!,di~tdy nIter dm,VIl)g
releases .have been 90-1/5

%

completed

in

sonnel wHI finJ parts soar 'e codes in Section JI. "The Numerical Index:' All imporrnnr nJtliuJ,'m [0 me functions of
I

of $<i4,500,OOO. Ba~d fI£Jthis flgtm-", 197r or $1:1, )'),000 is pegged for spare pam. (ru:.igneJ petrenm~5 I'll!'}' [rOID I:s % ((I o ai rcrafe under prVl.-LI rem em. ) .Fot chI.' IiruU year 1950, 'lPllrClxl111~wly 75 million d"jllUs were f'c'l.l:warked in thi> way m SUPpOrI new a1ruitft being pnxlIreJ. The lIext step is initjal proru.relllCII [, known as PLc"provlsinnLng. ThIs meeting i u5Ual1y informal, held ae the r:(l"ttn<'t(lr'~ pillm with ASO·BuAmt·.F!eet represellrolives
and
l'Ol'I5i

';5('';

dl,'per'lQil'!g

UPOl] lhe

type und C!lllifitity

15

of

review,ing

I;xplodeJ

view

115 175 of rfw tn~ltlt ",i~(lIlfl1l' lIu.! l'qUipruCQI hem~ i \\'in)!:~.

lMem bll' draWings.

Only

the iJlm!ili~ailuo, selection, SlIldt_ )lumber-jng ~nu ordering (,I special lWCf.'SSOry, elcCl,-h;al nd bulk (")·77 I marerials' ar the time of the pl'(Jvisiuuing meeting, The ~ign.ifir;alll"i!" of selection is usually nIH mad\.' until rhe ASQ LWS is rhnt [he new or peculiar' vendor comllS,etlB.il!~d,e IJJ~J1[llCd uperatlonal 1rn:-<II;,)n,~ ll'lC!fdttl partS, 11m in the sU-1>17Jy S~S[e'!U. ale at the squadrons, [he ':w.;igped overhaul achet1\!: deliver"",' by ih~ ;lirframe CClIIUl'lCI01 uviues, and the prior.i!ic.-; of del ivery of ne« concurrently With auframe $pares, \u'l'rllfl between the ctl~r and west CO~S($. 11 members (If the provisi run~ t""fO "!"'he rrrne is now al hand co requ (and hay II hand in "picking up" such vendor select provlslOning ream members. \X'icl,o\J1 Items. This is done as. the review of thl.' the cas." "horse-sense" advi.:;:: unJ recorncnrracrur d raw ing.l proreN5 ),nd rcnsists mendarrcns Jrcm outstanding lIee! und staof notations upon {he d13Wini,'S (hCJ1l!1@ives. lion O&R represeneariv es on past previslcnThe aCCCIS(lr)', decttira I om.! hulk ( 5·, .... ) in? an.! a host of nrher t<4ie!1Icu members, membelO atC' meanvi'llile ulilil<ing the markell rll... cyuhl<uion, refinement Ml') improvemerd drawttll!s in assodation wilh rhe contractors I l ti mdl pIQVisienm.!l mt!t'£in~ rhi.5 JaJi[ "Provisioning Bitt of Mnreri~I" wbjch Us", fised yellr would not ha\1" be~o possible. orr vendor Icommerc-i1tJ) parts ueu lin the Tl1e t:r1J.e ~pirir of a ,!lood provisiu!lJJ<f!: llirera.ft i.lnd tb~ rt:,~peuj"e SI!,h~llr:fC dill' ream is 0 ten refle(;le·l~ In the hie.ndJy but .!!l'jUl;U. b~:l.~d dUn!ss!on5 whkh ()C'c'U.t in OOI)~ A C(ln1pl(!re ex_planarlOrl Ilf (be endre pro" neciion with sour~e codin,!! tlnd pam proces, is rom!lin~ in a flew illusfrated brochu.re (uremcoc, Fleer represermHlves .l.!e qukk (() emitled "Spate Pan.~Prov LS;OniUJl, and outce .give the """gle eye" ro .M or Ml coded parts Codins PrClfedllte for BUre,1.lLI)f Aeronautics whkh s}loulu be ..-uJ"J "p" 101' pWLll.rement t\id'rame ProduMlon ConcrilClii:' rfecendy pl>C' bl rt'II~<lO Q,f $u5[1I.1(("d repl:!U! usage. parecllln~i Jimilnllthl bytlle Avtarloo uppJy TL'tb;niral q-Ul·,!iOIl.li ~re tUlidnunUy afisOffic~" It- IS ~ <hd!l~ngjng ,'n,t llelTl~ndiog 1l1 .• &:r , it.lll(l"lI l~lltiau'llliU(e Il. h~jmb g-lve rlw msk- to p-roYi~10n jJl.Lrrs-nmJ to spa c!

.mlcf to schedule ,pare!. with producrlon pans manufacruring orders. Meal)\\!hiJe, the t\·0 ha~ been ':oml'iIillg penimlffr p~l1l1ins ..111(';.1, Provi ioning ream

he spare parrs prov ISiUIl.lO~ ream

has been

38

l~ al,,"W'

0111: "·hl~h

hums

across
frQl\t

rhe mtBCI,

i" a random manner ,the diaL; on rhe d.ar.a p.llne1 sre olw>ly~ In error by rhe amount th",( lilt! II.Xj~ of jhe 11l.!tJ:r is off the: targel. To measure "lid record. Ibis errer so tha! an approp.:iMc oorrection ean PI' l1lJlue inthe evaluarion ,of rhe lJ"ad'-lug cla,ltl, -J. 3-5-mm movie camera with "- AU-i.nch lens is monnu.,d Oil I he ,adiu ~men na,~s cl (.\51:: to the ax I~ "r th e 'HI Ie-nil;! -a:' P ractica b le, The aa is of lbi~caf"\em is 1;':Ofc!'o,lgh !'ell ~o ihnr it I~ virruully parallel w the np tka I it);i: nf rhe

alrl"tllBrely

below, abide. in

Ot bcl'und

rntlar
unrenna

d(lfCL'rna.

With

~•.rp"ta ,JlI,dlIOQiit!"'1

rfle shueer 'lf ,hi" ,,",'flh 'the opera."

M1SS'ilE TAA(:KI.NGST,l.TION~lAUNCH!R,

BARRICADE ,AND DIRECTOI!: C;ONTROtQUONSET-5HOWN

MISSILE
Tbc com hi nation Mk 15 RauM. -and rhe Naw[ Aviali0l1 Ordnance

PLOTTING
rndar
the
MI ,1~

BOARD
m k~ep
:l

of Mk j , Olre~((lr. M1<. f! :Pclonllll_! Buarll Test SI'aIi!.lII.

f<l11le I .-tt the J.lx1 s

of
ekm of ~I;lc shutter ol (hi' carnern, lI.t the J~ru poi nel, 11. measure ()t the rrae ki ng error IS recorded for I:I'Cr;' ria[JJ. frame llnd a eorresl>OilJ inp; eerrerticn IflflJ;lcl.ucet:l. ()"./1. Sbor!'·b'!Jrld Imldll<1j.1o)) of IIJ Knill! The37 Dl:rCt'toT. Mk ;!'S RaJ.cIS, Mk H pJo:rdrlg b(.);mJ comb in a tkm, 'IlnJ associated

r~d,!!, antenna,

10rms all urrpert ..OC pan ('if 1ft.. insrrumenunJtm un the \'!7allf)]$ lsl!!n,i rest range ar a1t,,~o!eu!We. Vir,gmiu. This "s~m Ul1d.~ ..t11 obje('l ill flight .. nd records the part. $0 til~l the performance c.h~ra~eri~u'q; (If ,I missile dill lie determined, By, incotporatinS ~ sp~d"l type of 01mpl.I!IIJ 115 all ad[uner to -th~ director !nu:king equipment, ,Ilk. ~ysrem t:1lll IJ'.astn ,II si.'!Jl u.l$ 10 m u.i1 es

eq~lJP!)l'd lor command gui!lilnC~ ronrrel, Mark 37 Direero»: Th", Mk J,7 Director, (lrciirutfil;' u~e,l <>11 naval vessels for (Onun [ IIn.o;t g;u n fm,' agai nst aerial an d ill rf;1C1:: l.arg~15. i~ rhe k~y eumpt1lum't If is. mounted un a concrete pcdc5t,tl base with the. l'Il41ar antenna on lOp. The Mk j'l' Director bas .1 rtoVolving dome in which 15 mounted ~I\ QJltkar raage find:er wluch can be made to point in un y J ireer ion. It au tomarica Illr j 0d icares Oil scales {he hear ing, elev-ation. a rod
range ,01 the

Mark 6 A Itli)ll111Jir IIIII/liill? P,v~,·d. )J\ Mk tt auromade plrmills board has beeP C'QnM.;;rel.l to the Imtpul \ Iiellliog, elcYlldllJ1, MJ mnsc j ~ignab front the director and Hivt'~ a eonunueus tI1leeot rh ... mlob'-~ile·~ .l'11gh! path on 1l!1}' 0 n ~ oif ~Tx sea les rOingiIIg f ro II'! 400 to 1::1 ,900 yards p~r inch 0lICe dill. board bas been >l;:, i(ltil- OpetllclUIJ.. no further a..!jU$!rnerus "Ie 01'('1.'""'1' ro keep [he bOMu centlnutlu.<;ly Jt~wjn8 a honl.O!1tl11 pn,.j~rion of rhe missile's Highl parh, The auremanc plot enabl~~ i1 grudance ,oJ)!!ra lo:l.l iI' th eo lUll! ro I sra Ii ro make a 'I}' on
rorrecrive adjustments in the eonrro] ~lJ_jp. menr without h~ing m (J.k~l~tl; ancl pl,)! poims Il n til I!l lli gh I /:,3 r11 from JJ(! I teaMn gJ.i c £ bear "'$, ele \'a:ri OIL ill'l J m nl,;e, Th e OPC!t3.· WI l'1lrllherefo.re m3kC! such ,,[ljUSfmen.t~ rnure QU ick[y nfu:r rhe need fot such adju~fmefl1
.. 'I&e:; U

tVn"

equipment, rs rhe !'lilly known rombiruulon ,l( a rest range ot these ccmponeuts used to pmvh,I~' an cxrrelIu,JI' veJSnttIe and aceurace sy.tem f"J: rrarkiag and recoed ing the flight ",aID s <.l t aer ia 1 HI rgt!tS- LtICl,t,,~1 0 n the 'ocean' s short, (I is capable or keeping low ..f!)o!n;g
mIss.llcs in sighI over a large- angle of b"""rl",g u.,,~[ OUI to the rM;i;(i ljmil~ I>f rhe equipment on Ilhe horizon.

Rocket M.otorRequisitioning
The new lcuuchec, the Aero 14A. whid, is b~~mj,ni!l a'VJ.llibl~ on tleet J,lirccafl', re... quires 211" sU!fl'ensiQ[I of rocket morors.

aud lie is able to see the ·eams ",I

obieC! under

rhese

sucvcillancc,

;'I U!tO

These reaJ,i ugs are dllplielteu by se'lsy n inJKatOJ. at other lccaricns including rhe Old j acan [ control s mtion, ,\,tuk Z5 n,u/'lI'" Till, .uJ.iil;on (If the Mk 25 Radar 10 ehe Mk ;7 1)ire,;t<ilr ii1~r,OO$es me: traaldllg l'ft<Lge of the sy~tenl be'y(md the linllts of opriCll u"J(k_in_g -anner mos, wJhli (lOllI, 'r!w Use of Yll$r Ilroville5
a me:ln5 of 3UIOQl.Mia!1[r

a:o:3justmem:; more readily With the III"tic (>'kn_ In aJdJ don 10 -It hori ~Q nral pri'>jection of the Ili&llt path. a recorder on the side of che board ,:on!iiluoudY itldicll.te:> the altlrude tIt the !lIrger, rhus pr(lV!dtng II
:h{imfl~iooaL
D418

pict1-lte. .

n[l~e h is b.:ougnt joeo the line ot .;glit nf til e d irenor ;toJ if! trW<l5e~ lil ev erliari liry "f
'S

tNlckins

" IllIget

the system. sm~e a 1adar r~aekins Sf~tero mu(~ rell,,_[,le than. OP{;_C.'li me,hodllO In

douds, Im;:e fos. darkne~s, ()r (atO'. The mdBt i, ..e(~l'icallf NllneCted l
drive
tOllIrQI~

,to-

the

d i rei.10r

rh", <;JIKe a mrgel is "locked !;Ill". the di.re~ltrr am he 1t!l;n.N!lnd eli;vllleJ ,\IJ.{jJ' IDii,icai[y 10 fnllow rhe mDtion {:If -(his f;l.l:get :L5 lon~ 1l.S 11 IS within til ... 1JI'={'n,~ ranjo1c "I the radar. TIle Mk 37 Dkc([or OIn he tl'a"l~d n~cI e1cllfl.eed manunUr w iell the opd~!lJ Nl.1\1/.€"fil".!er In fpllbw II tar~t Olr CaJl

in

!ticil

a ml!I1Dl"r

l'fJJld I!IfNMJh#lld: In rhe contrOl hut IlIl.J neu the plOmiAIl: boatd i,_ 01 d~w p:wd on -wbkh Ilte.. mountea rWI.I JJ.ab gr:-a,luared i~to one-hal F p)J nute Jivisioncs; (0 reild beRn ng aoJ elevation and dn~ dial d iilideci im:o five-yard u n;l:S_ 10 rell.d flUlge. Sev-emlJevil!:S. D.re used 10 l")loch)"Clni?:e chI' d!llta ~en- on the 1:00"(1 [ wifh rh()5e tJ,k.en aI' orhl!lO ~wti<lns tracking Ute' 'flme tnr,ger. 'fhe bellri:!!g. e[eva-tlon >Ul_dN .. g~ dJrus OLe IhNen by se Isyn repeaters aculit red by- si gRal s r erC'iwd fr.~lm flu· direo:lO." The Dane! is illumi, flared by gas •.! iso:harge HWlh bul ~~, ,lOU is photographed by ~ 35·mm ~amlT'", tbe snur· ret of whi.th [6 ~yllcl1rolni~cd ~;th rhde bulbs. The IHBbt pdth of ,.,0 ob;jen u,u:,ked by the 'Mk .3~ DlreUO! sysum may be mleI11.a(ed horn til<" photQg,~phk TllC'QrJ dl WI:' diills
"nlhe S] IKe "n

A.crorJ:ingiy, ,1l1(tlvities bavjng rhe DeW launcher should request J ,0 Rod;ef MQton M~ j{) Mi>d- .5 \\'hid, have lug bands fo~ use on dus l«y nches spaced 2.11 indies -apUt in addtti"on to loca~lt;g lli!res spaced 511<;Inches apnrt £0.1 ll!if: on the Mk 9 lat1l1Chtl. Spwti1Jr AfiU'k .md A(od: h view of (he .several tyW~ (1/ tn~kel \uum:.hers in !\lSI!- by
AC(l[ -air~rj\ff. anh,,(le.' r~tle$ling motors ~Ilo_uld ~pedE!r Mark lind Mod or launchers ou wlli~h roc:k~ts wjll be useJ. Suffidt!nt mh'llm:e nodce s'houfd be given hsuing {lCtil"i' lies f<) peb:Illl posicionin,.;, of lug hands 1M lr~e olD paT ti ~1.l111 la'Q.ficoers, r 1 Mod 4,.and 3.25 Mk 7 Mod -1' hllv~ lug Iv.ul<l~ J;lQsirlpriec! for Mk S (Zero Lengrh) 1,uJ_nth~r~. For qukk tl_nn~rcr ot b~n~b for ~~peru.iQn Irom Mk 9' launchers. 1L ~ecoml burlxm-IYpe rUB baralis pro~kled. whIt!! Cllil be loaned llnJ inst:J,lled in me llosidOil indluued by the two IOClitill8 'bol~ wl-lI,h are wngl[utlionlll' ~lT.\,eJ; 6 in(hes lIp~u. • \Vh~u u!(.l"'(l Oft Mll. fj J.o.:un~h~ .. lhi~ .moW,- ]s

RlX'ket i\<[mo.ts. ;;" Mk LO MoJ " ft!'ld Mil:

be opefared

JIl

Ufi.1l.Jl)'

Or ~U wrn ~Iimllly

wi tit

cl~w. p~neL
"'''l'Qlnll.

ri,

rauar

r.rn:k ill,ll oJ el' ir!!c

rOl'

",,,,to', <'led 'fI'Q]» ~mm::.Web t '/

U8~

tUII{r, I Ttl: 'OIo!},
I

",,1<';

it

i,._ a c~,,:pIabJ~

Restricted

39

lll'lItrioir.d
und r a st.lr v IfIJ llit J~SI&1latlnlJ
[IrS!

LETTER~
:'I[(J,;

1'1 ize.

It

.&

'with miKel! feelm_~H lIl~1 dl'~ .,quJld-

roin ~IIY' ,orP<JdJ-,l' [(l the 01.1 l',!} , and h~Jl;n~ )perati m~ in the jJir,comlitiuod ,iIlU. R. M. BlllIN1NG, JR., ·,Ir.. SN
CO.\l_MANIJINl.
1

CONTENTS
Reserve Bre-okout
Navy Rocketl; ___ __ __ ___ _ 8 10 11

PICi15<' ronstdcr til., r hool ..... 11 \,<11/,,,hl:1'
thrnnedl Ajr I'rnnsporr Ihl: pleasure of

UOIU;.! SI,It<J Ntlv.1I ["J1.'lOr "l'r~hy de-

OPFTeall
AIR S'I,\TrON

A-V~L AtJ~ILIARY '.NII. \11(1(111-1110

l1u

'qu"dmn Three requests dHOWJIl' jl~ hur JOIn IhQ lUI:!; 111'1<1 pte~<:J11' thl' I cllowi og 1 i~r oIt SC'VlCO IJCLlfl'naI11S "'lJ I'bree lieurenanc s I J,I iI' 1')( gf.1lic). 111)1 lOP I~II for lliJ.llll 1"1111' .. ,1\ M ">1 1'.131' 1'):50
(,t. 1,1 1,1. J,I. 1.1 I.t. I.t, J 1.1><1 11
(ill J

$,IIlS:

New Prop jet __ Canadian AIr For'ce.

J. .\. \Vl!h,iu~_'f' ,.hL.t1flt·l"'.,. ~' II V~u",'J,!Ihh 1• ~,·ullJriu •1.

ri. Uhurr1h".,!' IJ'r J Si,·,I~'I\"

['I lin: ,Ill.!) is,uc ~pl'"",r~a lener re~~nlll!!,! " W~.lIhCf haJlrjon pi .rure. 1 would like to iruorm y<lu that this tl'P \If balloon i~ ,l ~eiJIlI;>l ba1!()ol1 ~11,1 th~ ,1\(~J1~iml tale is ve,y J rn portanr • iHjl~: These hallolln~ ate weigbt:.1 "iI very rare;~::;~;

Sea Stories _ Atlantic Hunters Hezordous P2V Photo Plane
P4M Mercolor _

15 16 18
19

n.

Itl!~ ii!;H', .;'l~~

J.t.

U.

1,1, t',

~

li"'l I). L.. ,r. $nhn.lll,11

Mull",

~o21 o:lO~
~~~7 11m'

fully when intlared timed wah "- ~[OP ceillng, A'~ \'(1\1 (lUI was not known. I'ht

and whtn released to llc!imni1l<.!' see, if the ascension ~cilm# could not he
warch

are the rare .le-

Hop _ _ _ ___ ___ 18

r-, U,l""

e,

ll",d)C.ii's

lJ'"Lnl

11<i$ jH,'!I2~

the Nav), s MATS squll,Jroo s Clperlll'ng under lile ojJj;f<lri I;llI.I «lnll"'! 01 Commander, c.:mujlJ~nm1 DjVL~;OIJ M T Kelly Fid.l. Texas, and based ar Nt\S MOf·
01 I· II FIl'LI1,

VR-; rs one

termill!C,l. Howe cr. this [l'pe uf balloon is not reIt,aBC!d in rain as die wsrer collected on J! "flU!l! ':;\11'" i-r.~ ascensiun rare, thereby giVlrlg a bi.eJll~r ceilitl~. This '5 rarhee unportaot liS the- h~igll1 ol]),,;ne.l hen Jet"_Qnln~ whether .l tlckl is rLtR or V'FR. N AS ATLA-NT!

Air War in Korea _ _____ __ 20 Famous- Last Word5

. _ _ 22 _ __ __ __ 25
_ _ _ 32

College Men See Aviation_ _ 24 Welcome Warriors
Atlantic

i1l.

Nnrmal

schedules

urr rransp; ...n Jot the Alaskan
.IirUlIh.

compose area In RoD

'1'''-

\VI. T. SI-'fln:ru.r.r, LCnll

Sill:." The enclosed plC!l.ir~ shows u llC dIpping ceremonv which f<Jilt"" ,I (h ...rknu] In 1111: ) V I" P, J7I tber, This quairu l-u,mm I" fll;il-IIC~1l III Fijibter 'q\ulI.lmn Twenrv TWQ where (he pilcrs are ,11 ri,e pn.lCC5S (11 ~witdlll1g from I'll.. tnfS.ILf:; [II the jeu, In ,h,s instance rhe squadron's Exccunvc Ol]lwr. LGlr. WilliuPl E Ely •• s bt'iJ1g giv(:H cite treutmem hy h I~ skipper, Cdr, R 1\.1' Brurunu. Despltt: rhe slightly \ orried I!lQk. .ngI!11,1er&'.l h>' ,he ~harT'- scissors, rhe I'(.'dp· renr IS JUjJP!'_

I, 'r. s. aruu "'G2, (if l'AS WiU"w (]I'<'\'~ JIb. .. ,,1. !}c, I ~ 1l",,' In Q Ur wer, \IV ~ we 00 ad v lB."" thai ~11. Lollfh.on Lo~;"Jj!, t,.·I"a~"1i III .. h,,( l"'_'h~,1 • Hlec rrdu 'flS t;(i meaeur. ~!1c')\4!1"'~llillu~ lu~gb1 ri.tI\\.l"'Vt''W~ found iiUl' 1ul"j, ~r W;l,F ..Ilt. .fault trh~ IJ110; n-I t'L~ n.crqlu:Il.Y w"", hUal" .lIt1).1 th .. ,:il'l WII~ 1l,id~Yfl by the :h."It:u).' who ~~1I~,~,1~lj[\llIll:"k' \",iruft,"Y"" ul Lh~ thnL" Th,... flhl.y thin~ Wi(.! f'tJHI Ihtnk ,,( I" t!J:.t it \Vlla .. 1,"111;<'11> J,i,'tur .\lllr, llHt lr~ l'll!- Hl'H..'tt itlr dOm()1i'Stl'f~\illf:t 1.... dmhHl

Air TransportPuHouts-_

"fi"

High Speed

34


Thit

THE COVER

is o~ oi, vie I" of ,nothboll"d fight· ing ..~lp~rrl",., boltl",hip. ond aui serI-o! ,,", U. ~_ ilonle ne,,! of
Bremerton, Wa,hlTTgtoTT. The Novy j, loldnQ .ome of them 001 01 mOlhbclb F.,., .~",to" 10 Ihe Ker .. ,,"- front. Phote coudesy af Iniernotl"nol New. PhQr"l, New York CI"ty.

SJl(S;

In

y(lllr

j'lly
NRWS, Wall ",·jn <l

[95

I

l'.lidnn

AVl,\.110N

)Chu !ra~ed lilac

l-arnsworth 1jil [ to
tll'ICC

aboard
10

~,rohahly tl'll Il1nu,il-JlJth·hl(lding rhe same carnee.
0111

NAV;\ 1 (JI! J 0[11)' Nay}'
.llr

Lr.

~At'
b)'

Proof

rhe conrrury

he secured


yorcl,

PHOTO
corrier_. aromll'lon., coyer.

CREDIT
01 do.k. ot NavaL Ship, WQdt., 01 on lower SeQIII..

III Ihj-~ 1,hllk und wlure rinure, the hilll! lie Qt Major j;nnl.ts B. lb.ebe1. U AF. an exchanee p,It,l" nppears black. It h'1-I18$ in.
rhe upper Ie!,. nand corner

dill kill_II the plaque lIb9~rd the Ph,'i/>" plm _"''', which bears the mscriprinn of lc (110 (tlleo Ens.) F. R. "Knobbj" W"I h
Ellr (he 1,00011 J\d 6,f)OO~h landing l..,[

MOlhbol1

IMld"
Time s.

"on

f

courte.y

flf

the

picture

lill) W:llsh lit rhe rime was arrached to-the bombing squadeon j;lr the now .:Idunq: Air r tip Inc.
IT, (JG1

THE STAFF

J'.ARTU

J 1. ~

WlI,l.lAMS

USNR

tCdr. Mlhu~ L. Schoen!
Edllor

,\NACOSTrA

IzaJlc Winter luLIt;M[~ pruper-

Robb

N ARTl1

MEl\-D1Hfli--Tu

II' 11m twu .rD.1I1 grl:!rse fil LlOgS 0]1 L'~ It III~ 11lI'IJjng gear leg~ "11 sN~ aircrafl, CIJje-f '. R ~\'f (EWen fOllod :I .'lIM II Ii r rM 1he grt'n~e gul'l!' which does lilt> tcid::. Obtained rmlll R local :mt')muhlll' >llpply hrm. the trp C05l5 60 cents.

or

A .. or-ioie

Editor

LCdr. Larry L Baodo
AHQ(ldle EdHor

Lt. Rosalie lCdr. Andrew
AHoclale

W.

Martin

A .. aclot .. Edlla.

• NAS PFN-SACOl.A-How's[his 1m u, <,p eJ-lIP! O&R ll:u1 n52 ,Iitcral( SdlCt;lule,1 [@r n[0c~~il'.(: in IhlOul I Y5D. Q-.lt' (f1 !h~Jtt·

W. Bright
Edilor

tlge~ -ami sd~NLJle (il>Ulgt:S, llnly 1"~ were l'trJu'SS<lJ il, lir,"! ~Jx: lH(mtlls. "I'h!: ~tmfJtI hall rh._.,bop fan r.hro\lgh 67') plane •.

Jomes

M. Springer

Arl Olrecia,

• The p,j~l1~g of this Pllb!lc<rllon hI> be ..n appro.ed by theOire(lo, 01 !hl I}lIleoll of 1he 'B~dgel', 10 June 1949

40

SEA

FURY

f

U ....... ,

_J_ I

i4J2

Ii

, DOD.~t Shoo
!;";Af.'ml:: 47

Don't shoot your hi D4h,! [I happeued sCOJ'~' of time during WorM War nand iit happ ning again. A B·29 011' Korea ntistook a British Seafire fOI" a Yak and shot il do, U Ju1y 28. The p lanes OIL tb1 page ~u'eflgh.lil1~ with U~ today-He.·ogn.ize them.
~IRcH'( Mk 4

EA FURY

F

P1REFLY

,,uk :/.

B
NAVCAD

A

E

PI

OT

.Men with Iwo years of cellege training, between 18 and .27 years of age~ are eligible :for Navy flight training and the gaM wing!" of a Navy clr Marine pilot. Send in the coupon below for iuformation.

WASHINGTON

25, D. C. about MY OPPORIUNITlIE_S. in the

Please send calmplete information NAVAL AVIATION CADE'TS Name Address Cily ~ _

TODAY
Zone Slate_ - __
_ _ _ _ Phone __ - - - _ - - __ - ----

MAIl THIS

CoUege _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ __ _Age

R'~trlded