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Published by rhwills
FAO Document 43 - Water Lifting Devices. PDF with all sections combined.
FAO Document 43 - Water Lifting Devices. PDF with all sections combined.

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Published by: rhwills on Jun 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The factors that impose a power load on a pump or water lifting device are clearly more
complicated than simply multiplying the static head between the water source and the
field by the flow rate. The load consists mainly of various resistances to flow which when
added together comprise the gross pumping head, but it also is increased by the need to
pump extra water to make up for losses between the water source and the crop.

Fig. 8 summarizes these in a general way, so that the advantages and disadvantages of
different systems discussed later in this paper can be seen in the context of their general
efficiency. The table indicates the various heads and losses which are superimposed
until the water reaches the field; actual field losses are discussed in more detail in
Section 2.2 which follows.

The system hydraulic efficiency can be defined as the ratio of hydraulic energy to raise
the water delivered to the field through the static head, to the hydraulic energy actually
needed for the amount of water drawn by the pump:


Where Estat is the hydraulic energy output, and Egross is hydraulic energy actually applied.

Finally, Fig. 9 indicates the energy flow through typical complete irrigation water lifting
and distribution systems and shows the various losses.

Fig. 8 Factors affecting system hydraulic efficiency


Fig. 9 Energy flow through typical irrigation system (showing percentage of original
energy flow that is transmitted from each component to the next).


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