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We often the passive when it is not so important

who or what did the action


‫نستخدم المبني للمجهول عندما نريد أن نركز على الحدث‬
‫)الفعل والمفعول به( وليس من الضروري أحيانا ً أن نركز على‬
.‫الفاعل في جملة المبني للمجهول‬
:the following sentence

1) put in force by the object in the beginning of the sentence


conversion.
2) Then we choose the auxiliary verb as object, according to the
original sentence.
3) and then we put the past participle of main verb (the original)

.‫قواعد التحويل للمبني للمجهول‬

.‫ في بداية الجملة التحويل‬object ‫نضع المفعول به‬ (1


‫( ثم نختار الفعل المساعد حسب المفعول به وحسب‬2
.‫الجملة الصلية‬
‫ثم نقوم بوضع التصريف الثالث للفعل الرئيسي‬ (3
(‫)الصلي‬

There are some changes for some pronouns.

. ‫يوجد بعض التحولت لبعض الضمائر‬


I me
He Him
She Her
They Them
We Us
It It
You You
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
Present simple
‫المضارع البسيط‬
.……+Active:S+V1-s+O
..…+ Passive:O+am-is-are+V3|P.P

:Example
(1
.He plays basketball everyday
(Basketball is played everyday (by him

(2
.Abdullah cleans this room everyday
(Ties room is cleaned everyday(by Abdullah
...…………………………………………………………
Simple past
‫الماضي البسيط‬
..……+Active: S+v2+O
……+Passive: O+was-were+V3-P.P

:Example
(1
.I ate fish last night
.(Fish was eaten last night(by me
(2
.Mona played tennis yesterday
Tennis was played yesterday(by
.(mona
……………………………………………………
……………………
Simple future
‫المستقل البسيط‬
..…+Active: S+will+V1+O
…+Passive: O+will+Be+V3-P.P

:Example

(1
I will go to Spain tomorrow
(Spain will be go to tomorrow (by me

(2
.She can speak Italian
(Italian can be speaked (by her

………………………………………………
.……………………
Present continuous

‫المضارع المستمر‬
……+Active: S+ am-is-are+V1+ing+O
……+Passive: O+am-is-aer+be-ing+V3-P.P
:Example

(1
.the man is knocking on the old hoses
the old hoses are being knocked(by the
.(man

(2
.dalal drinking milk now
(Milk is being drank now (by dalal

……………………………………………………
………………………
Past continuous
‫الماضي البسيط‬
..…+Active: S+was\were+V1-ing+O
.…+Passive: O+was\were+being+V3-P.P

:Example

(1
.Mr. Abdullah was writing a short story
a short story was being written (be mr.
(Abdullah

(2
Abdullah was sweeping the floor
. the floor was being swept
……………………………………………………
...……………………
Present perfect
‫المضارع التام‬

…+Active: S+have\has+V3\P.P+O
…+Passive: O+have\has+been+V3-P.P
:Example

(1
the room looks nice. Somebody has
.cleaned it
the room looks nice. It has been
(cleaned(by Somebody

(2
I have studied English literature for six
.hoer
English literature has been studied for
.(six hoer(by me

……………………………………………………
………………………
Past perfect
‫الماضي التام‬
…+Active: S+ had +V3\P.P
..…+Passive: O+ had +been +V3\P.P

:Example

(1
the room lookd much better. Somebody
.had cleaned it
the room lookd much better. It had been
(cleaned(by Somebody

(2
.The girls had played tennis
.(Tennis had played (by tennis

……………………………………………………
..……………………

Modal
‫الفعال المساعدة‬

S+ modal(must\have to-can could)


Active:
.……++v1 +O
Passive: O+ modal(must\have to-can
……+ could) +be +v3-P.P

:Example
(1
.she can speak English
.(English can be spoaked (by her
(2
You must stop eating chips
(eating chips must be stopped (by you