Roger Wolcott Sperry was a neuro psychologist, neurobiologist and a Nobel laureate.

Sperry, together with David Hunter Hubel and Torsten Nils Wiesel, won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his work with ‘Split Brain research. Sperry tested ten patients who had undergone an operation, which involves severing the corpus callosum, The area of the brain used to transfer signals between the right and left hemispheres. The brain has two hemispheres, each controlling the body’s opposite side. Thus, the right hemisphere deals with the left side, and vice versa. Rarely, to treat severe epilepsy, neurosurgeons perform a commissurotomy, severing the corpus callosum, a bundle of 800 million nerve fibers connecting the hemispheres. As it exchanges information between the hemispheres, information becomes largely isolated in each hemisphere. They remain connected via the more primitive brain stem, which controls emotional response and attentiveness, and patterns orientation and purpose Strangely, other than treating epilepsy, the operation has little affect on the normal life of either lower animals or humans. The main finding of split-brain research is that the left brain normally specializes in analysis, calculation and verbalization, and the right in holistic operations such as synthesis and pattern recognition. Sperry and his colleagues tested these ‘Split brain’ patients with tasks that were known to be dependent on specific hemispheres of the brain. A patient with a split brain, when shown an image in his or her left visual field (the left half of what both eyes take in, see optic tract), will be unable to vocally name what he or she has seen This is because the speech-control center is in the left side of the brain in most people, and the image from the left visual field is sent only to the right side of the brain Since communication between the two sides of the brain is inhibited, the patient cannot name what the right side of the brain is seeing The person can, however, pick up and show recognition of an object, with their left hand, since that hand is controlled by the right side of the brain. In one experiment, a word (for example "fork") was flashed so only the right hemisphere of a patient could receive the information. The patient would not be able to say what the word was. However, if the subject is asked to write what he saw, his left hand would begin to write the word "fork". If asked what he had written, the patient would have no idea. He would know that he had written something, he could feel his hand going through the motion, yet he could not tell observers what the word was. Because there is no longer a connection between the two hemispheres

The same effect occurs for visual pairs and reasoning. For example, a patient with split brain is shown a picture of a chicken and a snowy field in separate visual fields and asked to choose from a list of words the best association with the pictures. The patient would choose a chicken foot to associate with the chicken and a shovel to associate with the snow; however, when asked to reason why the patient chose the shovel, the response would relate to the chicken (e.g. "the shovel is for cleaning out the chicken coop"). The split brain experiments reveal that the two hemispheres of the brain are not only, physically but also functionally deferent. The table below depicts hemispheric specialization. The left / right brain thinking is as below This much about Right/ Left brain is science; all about the hemispheric dominance/synchronization, right/left brain conflict, right brain conditioning and right brain learning are, Are you left brained or left brained? The adjacent picture is a test popular one on web space. It is claimed, the perception as to the direction of the figure is rotating determines, whether one is right brained or left brained. The picture is a optical illusion. As every frame of the gif image is capable of being interpreted as either front/ back side of the person. Hence the rotation can be perceived as both left and right side. And our mind perceives both. The shadow beneath the picture which is a mirror image often triggers the shift in perception. Is there a real conflict between left brain and right brain and a perpetually ongoing fight between them to establish supremacy? Both left and right brain belong to us and hence their works compliment each other. The real conflict is in the picture, words given do not represent the color they were written. Not in between the right and left brains. Once the conflict is noticed we can read out the colors as sought. As the functionality is different we use either left/ right brain as needed. Both brains work compliment each other. Artists in general use more of right brain, and people who need to do lot of calculations use more of left brain

Even the conflict in the result of split brain experiment is the result of showing the image or word, only to the left / right visual field. If the patients are shown the image, or word to both eyes they would have perceived things accurately. Thus the understanding of right/ brain activity had no bearing on our learning ability. However, there is a general belief that subconscious memory and intelligence are located in right hemisphere of the brain. In this context the subject is studied further later The Wada test, named after Canadian neurologist and epileptologist Juhn Atsushi Wada, also known as the "intracarotid sodium amobarbital procedure" (ISAP), is used to establish cerebral language and memory representation of each hemisphere. The test is conducted with the patient awake. Essentially, a barbiturate (which is usually sodium amobarbital) is introduced into one of the internal carotid arteries via a cannula or intra-arterial catheter from the femoral artery. The drug is injected into one hemisphere at a time. The effect is to shut down any language and/or memory function in that hemisphere in order to evaluate the other hemisphere ("half of the brain"). Then the patient is engaged in a series of language and memory related tests. The memory is evaluated by showing a series of items or pictures to the patient so that within a few minutes as soon as the effect of the medication is dissipated, the ability to recall can be tested. In his words, each hemisphere is indeed a conscious system in its own right, perceiving, thinking, remembering, reasoning, willing, and emoting, all at a characteristically human level, and . . . both the left and the right hemisphere may be conscious simultaneously in different, even in mutually conflicting, mental experiences that run along in parallel —Roger Wolcott Sperry, 1974

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