the result is the same as though he/she had purposely allowed it to pass. Scoring: In singles. f) A serve is not legal if the bird is struck at a point above the waistline. the bird hits the player or the latter touches the net (with the body. In other words. h) If a player misses a bird when attempting to return it and falls out of bounds. or b) not serving first c) choosing sides The side losing the toss shall then have the choice of any remaining alternative. play begins with the serve from the right half-court to the receiver who stands diagonally across the net in his/her right half-court. and they shall serve consecutively. during a volley. wins.BADMINTON RULES AND REGULATIONS Rules and Scoring 1. 3. Starting the Game: Before commencing play the opposing sides shall toss. he/she wins the point or service according to which side is “in service”. Only the server scores points and he/she continues to serve as long as he continues to win points. Summary of Procedure Rules: a) The server and receiver must stand within the boundary of their respective half courts when the service is being made. The doubles game consists of 15 points provided that when the score is 12 all. and that when the score is 14 all. according to which side is in service. the side which first reached 13 has the option of “setting” the game to five. In all subsequent innings each partner shall have the right. c) When the server fails to score. e) Only one player of the side beginning a game shall be entitled to serve in its first inning. and the side winning the toss shall have the option of: a) serving first. b) Points are scored by the server only. d) The server’s score is called first. The side which first reaches 5 (or 3) after a game has been set. g) Birds falling on the line are not out of bounds. the side which first reached 14 has the option of “setting” the game to 3. Only the server scores points and he/she continues to serve as long as he/she continues to win points. or the head of the racquet above the hand holding the racquet. i) If. he loses service. clothing or racquet) either he/she forfeits the serve or the opponent scores. 2 . 2. Their partners can stand anywhere in their respective courts providing they are not interfering with the serve.

He/she may not serve until opponents are ready. The racquet. in a single return. it is a let (re-serve). i) If the bird is “thrown” rather than contacted sharply. On the line is “in”. e) If A1 is the receiver but the partner A2 returns or touches the serve (point for server).j) k) l) The bird may not be hit legally until it has crossed the net. may pass over the net. j) If the bird touches the ceiling or basketball backboard. If a team has 0 or an even number. during a rally. a bird touching the mesh or overhanging hoop would be a re-serve. but if he/she misses it completely. or any part of the racquet head is higher than the racquet hand when making contact with the bird. Faults: a) On the serve. ii) LET: If. If it touches the net. g) If a player reaches over the net to play a bird (follow-through over the net is permitted). Each point counts one or an “ace”. if they are not ready and do not attempt to play the bird. Legally. f) If a player calls a bird “out” but catches it or touches it before it contacts the floor. d) If the server or receiver moves one or both feet completely off the floor as the bird is contacted. then the player who first served for that team should be in the left hand court. you must serve again. it is “in”. In some gyms. If the score and the player who first served for a team is kept in mind. Players may use the racquet to protect the face. l) If the bird touches anyone’s clothing or body. If a team has an odd score. however. it is considered a serve. you may not hold up your racquet at the net to block the shot so it rebounds from your racquet. provided the net is not touched while the bird is in play. n) i) NOTE: If the server touches the bird on the serve. a bird passes over the net and is caught in or on the net. b) If the bird falls outside the diagonally opposite service court on the serve. the proper serving court can be determined by a simple rule. (If it touches the line. play continues. in the follow-through. if the bird in higher than the server’s waist.) c) If the server or receiver has any part of the foot on or over the boundary line of the service court as the bird is contacted. the bird may not be hit twice in succession. 4. m) If an opponent has a chance to smash at the net. by a player or his/her partner. she may try again. 3 . h) If any player touches the net in any way during play. k) If the bird touches the floor outside the boundary. then the player who first served for that team should be in the right hand court.

a quick shot such as a fast clear on a low trajectory would be good. smash and drop shots look the same. drop. half-smash or drop. drop. 7. This cuts down on the angle of the return. drop. deep clears to the corners as safe. The basic serve should be high and as deep as possible down the centre line. It is always easier to move forward than backward. Make home base about sic feet behind short service line straddling the centre line. Don’t play your shots at the same pace. providing you can keep up the pace. Use high. drop. You should serve from about four to six feet behind the short service line near the centre line. 6. e. 2. 8. You can vary the serve position to some degree to keep opponent off guard. etc. 13. 5. 14.Court Diagram: A1 Left Hand Service Court B1 A2 Right Hand Service Court B2 Net Back Service Line (Doubles) Back Service Line (Singles) Short Service Line SINGLES STRATEGY 1. Always try to keep the shuttle in play. drop. To attack an open space in the back court. instead of clear. Take a step to the line on the serve to the outside line. clear. Adapt home base according to the style of play of your opponent and the effect of your own shots. As soon as you have played your shot you must move to your home base. create an opening in his/her court and make him/her present you with a weak return which you can put away. use a downward hit – smash. 3. Same for service reception. 11. . Manoeuvre the opposition away from his/her home base. 12. Alternate slow and fast shots and hit your clears at different speeds and trajectories. 4. try clear. the more likely you will cause the opponent to make an error. clear.g. Mix your shots to keep the opponent guessing. 9. Make your clear. 4 Side Line (Singles) Side Line (Doubles) Back Boundary Line (Singles and Doubles) 10. recovery shots. To attack an open space in the front court. The faster your shots. clear.

Try to meet shuttle as soon as it crosses the net. meaning that all shots should be HIT DOWN. 17. and then play the bird just over his/her reach. reserving the cross court shots for occasions when you have well and truly pushed your opponent out of position. Always make an attacking shot. Make placements to the least obvious spots on the court. 8. Never play a shot that leaves your partner open to smashes or scrambling about the court to play the return. but occasionally play a drop shot for variation.15. When in doubt or in trouble. preferably to the off hand corners. 18. Try not to be hitting your shots while on the move. hit high and deep to a corner. A drive clear to the backhand corner of the court is probably the best return against a team using the side-side formation. Make most serves short and low. Watch the shuttle right on to your opponent’s racquet. Shots made from below the height of the net are DEFENSIVE and those made from above the net are OFFENSIVE. the return of which will leave an opening for your partner to play his/her best shot and possibly finish the rally. ready to move immediately where you see the shuttle is going. Concentrate on playing the bulk of your shots straight. The base of operations for each player is midway between the centre line and side boundary line and about 4 feet behind the service line. Usually smash a long serve. 5 . If the serving team is playing a front-back formation. Each partner is responsible for his/her half of the court. Play your shots to give yourself time to get back to home base and in balance. You must be on your toes. Do not play too close to the net but rather take up a position around the short service line when playing net. Formations: Side-Side: 1. 7. 4. 16. thus preventing your opponents from doing the same. 1. 2. Always play for your partner. there are definite situations that call for a specific shot or demand that a specific shot not be used. 6. DOUBLES STRATEGY Although there is no set sequence of shots that one can use to win a rally. the best return of a LOW SERVICE is a half-court shot down the side boundary line. Rush short serves by standing close to the service line with the left foot forward. Make shots. Be CAREFUL using cross court shots. 3. 5. Use a high service only when your opponent is consistently rushing the serve. Take drop shots early.

For safety. racquet up early. 3.use racquet foot. TEACHING POINTS: Hitting – proper grip. racquet extension. the team making the stroke should take up the defensive side by side formation. the front player should never look behind to the other player.2. 3. If. The front player is responsible for all drop shots and any other shots he/she can intercept. however. going back for the serve. should play the back court while the receiver’s partner should move forward as the receiver goes back. One member of the team plays the front portion of the court with a base of operations on the centre line and just in behind the short service line. racquet extension Strokes – move feet. 3. Combination: 1. On a long. shoulder rotated away from net. One of the disadvantages of this formation is that it affords poor defense against smashes and drives down the sidelines. to back court – weight on back foot Movement – Feet first. face angle on contact Footwork – toward the net . the servers should play side by side. 2. 2. On any high shot that gives the opponents the advantage and opportunity to smash. If the server is a good low short server. The back player takes all shots that the net person cannot comfortably return. Upon returning any shot other than a high lob. The receiver. Front and Back: 1. start in the side-side formation. while his/her partner plays the rear portion of the court from a base on the centre line and just in front of the doubles rear service line. then swing Modified Games: Around the World – elimination or all in Front court net game – front court drop shots Designated shot games Half Court singles Kings Court games Ladder Tournament 6 . 4. Main disadvantage of this formation is that it is more difficult to cover 22 feet from net to rear boundary line than it is to cover 20 fet from side to side. start in the up and back formation. rotate shoulders. high serve. the team should return to the front and back formation. the server is not strong. Another disadvantage of this formation is that it is almost impossible to determine who is going to hit those strokes played down the centre line despite the accepted rule that the player to the left should take those shots because that player is on his/her forehand.

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