Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus
The name ´diabetes mellitus means sweet urine. It stems from ancient times when physicians would taste a patients urine as a part of a diagnosis.

Today. but its also affecting today s youth.9 million) don t even now they have the disease.Current Population Trend Diabetes is the growing heath problem in the United States and has risen about six fold since 1950. not only are adults being diagnosed with this disease. Its now affecting about 17 million Americans and one third of those Americans (5. .

In diabetes. That means that your body produces high levels of blood glucose. . something goes wrong in the body so that you can not produce insulin or are not sensitive to it. which acts on organs to produce the symptoms of the disease.What s Occuring in the body? Our body uses a hormone called insulin to handle glucose. which is a simple sugar that s a main source of energy.

most of this is used for fuel.Development of Type 2 Glucose is a simple sugar that provides energy to all cells in the body The cells take in glucose from the blood and break it down for energy. Glucose come from the food you eat .

The body tries to maintain a constant glucose concentration in the blood. the body makes glucose from stored glycogen or from the food that s been eaten. your body stores the excess in the liver and muscles by making glycogen When glucose is in short supply.Development of Type 2 Glucose gets absorbed from the intestines and distributed by the bloodstream to all cells. So. . when you over supply on glucose.

.To maintain a constant blood glucose level. the body relies on two hormones produced in the pancreas that have opposite actions: insulin and glucagon.

Facts on Type 2 ‡Type 2 diabetes is a disease that generally develops over a period of years. ‡Their bodies try to make up for the higher insulin needs created by insulin resistance by producing more insulin. . ‡ People who will eventually develop this disease are insulin resistant several years before their blood sugars become abnormal.

blood sugars begin to rise.Facts on Type 2 ‡ But in Type 2 diabetes. the body ends up producing abnormally high levels of insulin over the years eventually begins to have a negative effect. As body insulin levels fall. ‡ The pancreas gradually begins to lose its ability to produce the extra insulin needed to overcome insulin resistance. .

Type 2 diabetes is on the increase in all age groups. and stress. including inactivity.   . weight gain. Type 2 diabetes and the insulin resistance that causes it have a strong genetic basis and are made worse by environmental factors. Being more active or losing weight may help prevent or delay the development of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes was once called "Adult-onset "AdultDiabetes" but this term is no longer used because it is inaccurate. Most people are overweight at the time their Type 2 diabetes is discovered. even among children of high school and grade school age.

this disease can also be inherited by genes as well. Not everyone that eats a lot of sugar and is overweight have the disease. However.Who gets Type 2 Diabetes? Most people are lead to believe that they·re to blame for the disease. But there are higher risks for people developing type 2 diabetes. Here are some facts on how it is people obtain this disease: .

Latino. .‡People who are overweight ‡Have a parent or sibling with diabetes ‡Are 40 years of age ‡Have high blood pressure ‡Are African America. or Native American ‡Had diabetes during pregnancy ‡Have the stress of an illness or injury ‡Had a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds at birth.

That¶s the reason there are 40% of people with Type 2 diabetes are unaware of their disease.Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2 diabetes is often without symptoms in its early stages. If present. especially during the night having frequent infections having blurred eyesight Weight-loss Excessive hunger and thirst . they may occur gradually. When there are symptoms. they usually are:       feeling tired and weak passing large volumes of urine.

RISK FACTORS! If left untreated this. Diabetes can cause many life threatening complications:  Blindness  Chronic Renal Failure= kidney failure  Atherosclerosis= heart attacks and stroke  Diabetic Neuropathy= numbness and pain to hands and feet  Foot Ulcers  Autonomic Neuropathy= diarrhea. and low blood pressure . rapid heart beat.

stroke. and problems with poor circulation  People who . infections.Risk Factors!  Coma or death may occur as a result in Diabetic Ketoacidosis (caused by infection) smoke are a much higher risk at heart attacks.

Type 2 diabetes can often be controlled effectively by becoming more active and by managing food to reduce the body's need for insulin. In its earliest stages. This may involve promoting a modest amount of weight loss. controlling and distributing carbohydrate intake through the day. there are many tools used to treat it. or both.Treatment for Type 2 Because there are several defects in the body's chemistry that develop as Type 2 diabetes changes over time. .

several types of oral medications (pills) and/or insulin may be used singly or in combination to regain blood glucose control.Treatment for Type 2 When the disease has progressed to the point where blood sugars are not controlled by activity and food management alone. Their effectiveness is judged by testing the blood sugar periodically throughout the day. .

. weight loss. Those ways are meal planning.How to take care of yourself  Once you ve been diagnosed with Type 2. and exercise. there are many changes and things you have to do in order to keep your blood sugar level steady and healthy.

rice and bran. barley. cream) o Meat: fish. broccoli. poultry. dried beans .and bread. spinach. That means: o Fruits and vegetables (apples. (Wheat. skim milk. eggs. cereals . etc. bananas.Meal Planning With type 2 Diabetes you have to eat healthy in order to keep your sugar levels well maintained.) o Dairy products (yogurt.) o Whole grain.

WeightWeight-loss  Obesity increases insulin resistance and can lead to many other cardiovascular health problems. However the diabetic that carries the disease and loses weight. will see a decrease in blood glucose levels and a decrease in taking oral medication  .

to maintain . which lead to Cardiovascular heart Disease  All people with diabetes should exercise to control their blood sugar level. which lowers the glucose level.Exercise  Exercise can take glucose out of the blood and for energy during or after exercise.  Helps delay large blood vessel clots.

bread. walking.Prevention??? Researchers attribute obesity to Type 2 Diabetes  Maintain a healthy body weight  Eat a healthy diet (fruits. vegetables. basketball. running) . milk)  Exercise at least 30 minutes for 4-5 days a week. (swimming.