N69-31783

NASA

AIRCRAFT

STABILITY

AND

By Gary

L.

April

CONTROL

CR-96008

DATA

Teper

1969

Distribution
of this report
is provided
in the interest
of information
exchange
and should
not be construed
as endorsement
by NASA of
the material
presented.
Responsibility
for the contents
resides
in
the author
or organization
that prepared
it.

Prepared

under

Contract

No.

NAS 2-4478

by

Systems
Technology,
Inc.
Hawthorne,
California

for

NATIONAL

Ames Research
Center
AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE

ADMINISTRATION

REPRODUCED
BY

NATIONAL
TECHNICAL
INFORMATION
SERVICE
U.S.DEPARIMENIOF COMMERCE
SPRINGFIELD,
VA. 22161

FOREWORD

This

report

was

prepared

under

Contract

Technologg_
Inc._ Hawthorne_
California
and
and Space Administration.
The _SA
project
The

STI

project

engineer

The

author

gratefully

was

co±lecting_
interpreting_
wishes
to acknowledge
the
in the

preparation

Gary

L.

acknowledges

NAS2-4478

between

the National
monitor
was

Systems

Aeronautics
L. W. Taylor.

Teper.
the

aid

of the

STI

staff

in

and organizing
the data.
The author
also
fine work of the STI publications
department

of this

Precedingpageblank

report.

iii

ABSTRACT Data of interest to handling qualities investigators is presented for various current aircraft. and also the complete flight envelope of each aircraft is covered for its most commonconfiguration and loading. an analytical description of the aircraft's stability augmentor is given. Computedtransfer functions for various flight conditions are included. Included are those required to obtain transfer functions for the aircraft's response to control inputs. Where possible. _V .

A-7A 3 III. SYSTEMS_ EQUATIONS COUPLING SYMBOLS. 81 B-58 91 NAVION. X. 73 F-]OSB. F-104 . INTRODUCTION ] II. XI. v. . VIII_ IX. VII. . TRANSFORMATION OF NON-DIMg_SIONAL DERIVATIVES TO BODY AXIS APPENDIX C. 99 DC-8 Io9 APPENDIX A. 49 T-38 57 F-gA 67 IV. VI. AXIS APPENDIX B.CONTENTS Page I. OF MOTION_ NI]MERATORS AND DERIVATIVE TRANSFER v DEFINITIONS STABILI_£ FUNCTIONS. A-4D 27 F-]O6B. A-I AXIS B-] AND C-] .

.

of the data source. description A block diagram scheduling. angle-of-attack the aircraft. given description reference augmentor and versus Mach ration. transfer a. for body-fixed centerline axes available axis feedbacks. as . summarizes A document usable au_nentor folIowLng ]. and and altitude. *_ese relating Included and c. TR-176-I are information are the aircraft's of the aircraft's was available. Trim provide on various An also the is to data inputs. d. and longitudin_ml for the nominal configuration These data are usually given (body axe s ). Basic data of the and number Geometrical parameters. geometry.SECTION I INTRGDUC The gators those purpose with data response _or required to control those is aircraft y_eneral obtain for the which contents and is b. 4. limits of for inertias. References. and the versus nondimensional altitude for longitudinal some the showing elevator lateral aircraft. sources. of the above is presented data. For handling given. investi- envelope. e. this readily to stability of TION portion system I Mach number stability the and trimmed gains. the including: (weight.g. Nominal configuration location). Flight c. derivatives* nominal lateral configu- dimensional and lateral transfer functions at various flight conditions. s_d by qualities presentation: gLven_ drawing Longitudinal dictated functLons complete Three-view remaining cl_rrent analytical derivatives.

and transcription of the data from their source documents. the major criterion used was that the data be immediately accessible to the author. Appendix C includes the aircraft equations of motion and transfer functions used herein. symbols and notation. Every attempt has been madeto insure reliable translation. interpretation. nor would they be bolmd to concur in any conclusions with respect to their aircraft which might be derived from its use. the data presented may represent an early estimate in the design process and perhaps the "nominal configuration" is one which never left the drawing board. While complete coverage of each aircraft including only the "latest" s_d "best" data would be desirable. those data known to be based on only early "guesstimates" or showing unreasonable trends have been deleted. definitions. and also why. The system used is described in three appendices. nomenclature. Appendix A covers axis systems. The manufacturers of the aircraft described herein can not be held accou_itable for tile infomnation presented. The data have been reviewed and. and definitions of nondimensional and dimensional stability derivatives. although not all those presented indicate unquestionable trends. As to how well the data can be expected to match the flying aircraft_ it is assumedthat those for whomthis document is intended know well the difficulties of obtaining derivatives from flight test data. etc.176-l 2 . Appendix B gives the axis system transformations for the derivatives. as those people more intimately familiar with each particular aircraft will recognize. This is why only isolated flight conditions are given for someaircraft.The intention has been to makethis report completely self-consistent insofar as symbols. 'lYe.

SECTION A-TA 3 II .

560 Slug ft 2 Ixz =2.000 GEOMETRY X O0 . 2-53310/5R-5121. No. Axes 20.-TA Aerodynamics Data Report" 21 Moy 1965 (U) 2) LTV Vought Aeronoutics Div. Rept. 2-53310/5R-1981.966 Slug ft z I z = 67. Rev. 1."Updoted LateroI-Directionol A-TA Cruise Device Configurotion BASIC DATA SOURCES Wind Tunnel Test ond est.000 W = 21.8891bs CG at 30%MGC Ix =13. .7ft I) LTV Vought Aeronautics Div. (ft) Body Ref.motes u Some LoteroI-Directionol Derivotives Adjusted After Flight Test Aircraft Doto. 25 Augur 1967 .I c_ i NOMINAL CRUISE CONFIGURATION FLIGHT ENVELOPE Cleon Airplane 60% Fuel 40.4 X . '_.8 ft Tronsfer functions given for these flight condlHons b = 38. No.635 Slug ft 2 [y = 58. I .2 S = 375 ft 2 X c = 10."A-7A Estimoted Flying Quollties" 20 August 1965 (C) 3) LTV Vought Aeronoutics Div. Rept.933 Slug ft z REFERENCE X X X X h.

_+.. A-TB rR6 r --_.50 b P (red/sec) t -2 5 rad/se_ red _-J Sin 2.e 11-2. rod (Ib) = 5L_ __] -L!2_iic.E.5 Ib rad ' _j 55s + z) A-7A i) }-_: 1- I -.__-_. Cos 2.l rad _ .3 . X= • v (ft/sec (Ib) _ep _.5 Figtu. A-TA [_tabilit¥ 5 (deg) Au{_rtentation System = (red/sec) =- .2 rad i_ 5z3 ft/sec2 IROLL AXIS .10 rad/sec YAW pi (rad/sec) I_ AXIS (rad/sec) _rp I._ 57.5 ° I__ F __+1 _KARI aa T.PITCH AXIS GZ .25 rad/sec rad 152. up (rcJd) l°t/I _e 1.

....ooof.6 ....0 1..15.14 I ......2 M i I ..... . Sea Level GO I0 (deg) 8 \ _ _N35.. I -2 0 TR--] 76-I 0 .2 .6 _ M .4 .2 .2 -I0 I ..00Oft I Sea Level (deg) -6 " m 4 ...... 12 ... _f ..000ft i L .8 1..4 . 2- °6 ..8 1.0 1.

.6 M ..0 .000ft .8 ..2 1.14 15.4 ..2 .6 7 M ..2 ..2 O0 ..4 ..2 .08 . Sea Le!: ¸- 06 TR-176-1 \ .8 I 15..000ft .12 I CD ..8 1..04 ...6 eL ..0 1.

..J .. f_ ....00Oft 1...........£- .8 1.'2 1......000ft .6 i M ...00Oft ... . . .... ii \ 4 ... I .6 CD a Sea Level (_ \ XXX\\..2 ! i IZ 15.. i I i . i ___ 0 .... i _.4 ....b/l" ! / 1 Sea Level ..0 1... 35....6 .: i J..000 ft / t / ' _ _"_15...0 . i 55......2 2..... (7) ...8 \\x...0 .

..... 0 I/ I L_ 'i io o (xl Od I ! L 0 0 i 0 o.. e_ I ° I_ E _ -v E -V 0 __V_ o 0 0 I I ! E -v 0 . oo 0 o. > ._J 0 0 o Q _ o.2" I .! --0 . I I L 0 Q T o.

6 1.08 ...2 . I . I ..04 15..'. ....4 ... C DM I .04 i 0 -.4.4 8 !0 r) .0 1. uu 0 / / -.... t ....04 -'080 .000 _t(__...08 - Sea Leve! 15.8 1.......12 . 0 q ....2 T Oft . //Q 35...000 ft _ .12 ea Level I- ..... 4 M .6 .....00Oft / CL M iI1__.04 ...

O4 I I Sea Level '.04 \ -..ooo.8 1. \ © ss.2 i i .2 .6 4 I1 M .. i -'160 TR-17.0 1.08 "_' 15. \ \ \ -.]-i I .12 - . 0 Cm M -.000 f.

..4 .35... e_ ... ... .8 _......2 ..0 ....20 1 .t .... ! [ l t 0 o .00Oft I t -1....6 M ..2 J....4 ....6 M . i. !.... T""".60 ...151000ft .6 CLB e "" _ ' \ _....... _ 35.....8 1.00 .80 CmB e Sea Level __ !___...... 7/ -._? ! -1._ 15..2 .....00Oft ...8 1.....2 0 ..&.//-_ .....4 ..0 1.oo'o... -.... -I ..

.........0 .8 -......... Sea Level/_ -I..2 ...._ -- 1...D -..6 --'- -i ....2 1......... ...8 -.0 0 I ] i l .8 .... ........._...0 1....... I J I .._--- i 13 .izl TR. /Sea Level "(... -- ------ 7.2 L 1.0 1...8 1........06 -..QQQf 1.............4 . _-C__35_.. M .2 ..---------E_..lot-.7 _ -..:f--_- .6 [ Cy........17c7-1 . M ...[C-....... i .4...

6 .0 .O8 .8 1.2 .12 Sea Level 35.4 M .0 .2 .000 Cn/_ .000 15.10 li7_ .06 mR-17<7-1 14 ft .

0 1.2 . -.ooo..8 1. ft .O4 Cnp .00Oft l 0 tSea Level -.2 -.000..6 M .040 ii135.O6 I I I i .02 15.oo.02 -. .4 15.I C_p i Sea Level _3 35..4 .0o ..5 ._i__ -.

.4 .. t-----:..... Sea Level "\ t -. ...\ _ "NI5'OOOft J---_..40 .6 M ..-. _/"'_ _'_ /'i . _.4 . ! -.......... O0 -- 0 I 15.2 Cnr .6 M ..u _..-.8 1._r Sea Level _'_'....2 ..00Oft 1 . --\ <..2 ..8 1. O00f..00Oft ".. -..........0 ...]....--.....s6--- 35.. : |I 55... [ .4..0 1....2 T ' L C...

1 Effects) .._ I See Leve_ / -. .02 -.p -.2 z .2 ! .01 (_.8 1.8o (') .ooof.M 00 .O2 - o6 TR-176-I .2 ...4 .O6 C_.0 1.05 _QR_Q - _OL 2 (Includes Spoiler (_.6 .8 1..6 17 M .2 x.5._._ .O8 I .0 1.

.002 0 .002 i']_-1'7"_..006 .-i 1_ .004 011{}_ ) .

..2 l .3 Cy_r .1yC-I 35..2 0 Sea Level __ i 0 ..2 .2 .000 ft Sea Level i ..6 i9 .4 . M .O3 "-'_ .01 0o TR.0 1.8 1.

I ! V ! ! 0 ! b oo ! b ! ! b b _b 0 0 PO 0 0 .! I.

95 -5.002378 O.9 0. 001496 6 15.000 0.966 slug-ft 2.TABLE GEOMETRICAL Note: I -q Oh I Data for body-fixed S = 375 ft 2.200 75.058 I.000 O.3 41.3 o.4 --a.3 4._ 0 o VTo (ft/sec) ov /2(lb/ft2) s o (aeg) 7o (deg) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .8 -3.000 9 35.6 0.5 58.2 2.8 ft m = 680 slugs.9 1. I 6eo (deg) -7.6 0.058 0.3 0. 000736 O.933 slug-ft 2 CONDITION I h (ft) BO M (-) a (ft/sec) 0 (slugs/f@) I 2 3 0 0 0 0. O01496 7 15.117 I.001496 5 15.9 7. W = 21. FOR THE A-7A clean flexible airplane c = 10.0 2.g.117 1.8 Uo (ft/sec) 274 669 1. 000736 279 670 1.8 72.85 -4. at 30 percent !y = 58. ib.9 44.117 1.005 317 635 952 1.560 FLIGHT slug-ft 2. O01496 8 35.058 I.000 O.2 58.635 slug-ft 2.000 0.8 -3.S5 0. PARAMETERS axis.3 301 677 1.164 584 876 91. 002378 4 15.5 2.2 33. II-A c.163 579 874 Wo (ft/seo) 54. Ix = 13.7 ft.1 13.8 -8.889 centerline b = 38.004 3O9 633 951 1.Y 3.000 O.3 973. MGC !z = 67.35 -3.OLO 126 283 11.4 -3.9 76.6 0.9 36.5 534 1.9 973. Ixz = 2. OO2378 O.1 1.058 I.9 2.

f C9_ o_9oo" o- LOGO0" o 6CCo'o 9"0 L'L 6"0 000 c_ 000"_ L O00(_L 000 ( _ L 9 ff LC_o" o 9"0 797oo" 9oCooo" _gLO'O C'O 000 _CL _ 99_ooo" o- _96oo" o- 0"6_- _9 L??_oo" o- ULgO" o6LL" o- _6" L- O?'C9"LL o o- _C_o'o- 9L_- 96"9 9%_o'o L o- _-_" C_- oLCooo" o- 0_0" 0-- 9 o_" 9"0{- 9£ LO00" 0-- LC_O'O-- 9t[LO'O CgLO0"O 9" 9Y- OL_OOO'O-- 9"66- CL'6 _'?- T_I_ I e9 Z nZ _Z _9 X +_C"T _£Lo'o. q 7 <o b- 7 Gu_Td_T _ elqTx_lj Um_TO (sTx_ GuTiz_%u_o p_xT._Y" o.CCoo"o 9LCO'O 6"0 000 c_C 6 6"gL-- 969"O-- _6_o'o6o_- _'LL _OLO0"O 9L LO0"O £C LO0"O LOGO0"o L_" L-- LL'L- 99?'o- CRL0"0- £££oo" o- _o_o" o-- ?_0"0-9L'L-- 9"C_£ _9o" o.-- _LO'O- s9 LO'O 79_0"_ 99 go" o--- _LO'O-- 6"0 9"0 _'0 0 0 0 C _ L Od O4 z _KIO I.j-Xpoq zoj _ VZ-V ZHZ EO_ _ZAIZVAI_{Z(I_IVII0!TK!Zk_CgV__IIC/IZID_I0q E-If :EIEVg m%_C :_%oz ._" 0_O9 LO0"0-6C_'0- 6L'_C_9ooo" o oCC" O- _'_-_- L'Lfr- _?_oo'o _6LOO'O-- L_'L- £0"L-- _000"o+ o9_ooo'o- C9 Looo" o- LLLOOO'O- 0C5L0"0- LL_O0"O-- 6_90"0- "_'66- _'C_- O_- _6C0"0-- C_Co'o 6£_oo'o _'o-- _C "_- _L'_- __0" O-- LO'L-L9"9 oi'_ C6LO'O- ).I. ! CLI_O 0 J_ff-IDl'l.

2 ! L6 r ! ! I .112 -o .38 -8.79 -7.18 i .975 -0. 38 4.116 -0.435 -0. 859 o.0267 -29.6 0.722 Y6 a -O.843 o.61 --11 .4 13.22 11.2 2. 145 -o.oi 05 -0. 0792 0.00427 I O.09 6. oo 0.37 1.o4 0. OO691 -0.1 12.187 -0.8 -98. 28o -1. 0847 -o.0769 o.56 o.5 7. 087o -0.574 -0.9 -0.25 0.75 I .652 I .868 0.6 24. 00267 -0.79 i ! ! Lr ! L5 a -1.2 1 0.27 11.000 35.314 -0.72 0.o626 1.33 ! N$ r o.2 !i 9 4 T Nr -o.1 0.369 -0.o799 7.8O i 1 t l 1.15 i.2 -66.310 -o. O0 -4. 0347 I h) L_ -11.000 0.o -2.96 14.46 -9.9 -3o.0 -71 .4o2 2.38 ! I i 5.4 25.0310 -0.TABLE LATERAL Note: Data are for body-fixed DIMENSIONAL I!-C DERIVATIVES centerline axes.599 o .83 --2.08 I .948 I i I i ! E I 3.162 -0.000 8 I5.000 CONDITION 5 '_ 15. 0085 7 -O.54 -0.455 i i I N' 6a -o.12 10.55 21 I.6 0.54 -5.o43o 0. 00274 -0.01 -4.2 -14.247 -o.379 -i .73 -6.93 I8.000 6 7 I5. 0537 o.9 i 0. clean FOR _ A-7A flexible airplane I -q O_ I FL!_T 1 2 3 h 0 0 0 M 0. -0.82 1. 0021 6 o.3 0.9 -44.o55o O.0307 -0.54 -8.6 -o. 6 -2.563 3.34 28.169 -1.oo655 -0.207 -0.9 4 15.27 3.64 -5.2 7.857 o .31 -i .75 17.4o -3.905 168 -0.28 5.I -1.56 i I I I t -0.000 9 35.541 -0.271 -o.OO15O Y6r o.17 .2 7.74 17.

%: (I/Tw 3) o.61 186 8. 2 -7.2 -99.466 o.753 1.o_9_ 24.o9 I .OO4O5 -0.00956 o.367 6DSp 8 N5 e _IE A-7A airplane I I FOR -41.0197 20.3_ 5! .08 3.6 25.230 1.3 -29.o_31 O.OO139 -o.6 _p .0773) 318 (-0.2 -21.0729 6.OOO 7 0.316 o.o698 o .76 I .28) (0.933 11.13 11 5.4 -45.1oo !.6 _8.000 9 35.22) (0. 9 I .23) 0.63 6.0386 (o.69 13.3 5.o154 0.9 0.316 0.000 0.6 -4L.o513) 0.6 0.22 -12.i 129 (0.o9oi) (1/Tp2) o.6 £ /'l'nl -o.21 I/'i_2 1I%.-o. 0506 -0.3 -5.28 -12.79o _U (!/Tu2) 15.oo998 -0.0210 165 (-o.ok49 (0. o3) -29.OO17o -0.3 o.70 6.8 209 221 43.o553 178 o.0 22.0214 0.o75: (-0.369) o.68 0.OO0 8 0.oo2_ -O.o_25 ---0.000 6 o.41 -5 -57 -14.516 0.0372 o.'O445 o.8 -I 1 .0! 31 ) -o .118 0. oo316 109 -20.3 -7.14-11) o .Oh12 -0.6 -209 --220 -43.19 5-75 8.899) 0.6 99.02 o.3 "0.o_44 o.18 -0.0 22.506 1.o -18.o99_ i _/Te2 A_ 5 0.6 -209 -22O -43.39_ o.665 (i.5 12O 190 2_ (I .97 2.64 13._ 126 187 58.o918) (0.11o I (w (1/T_2) 0.o53o) o.929 o.229 0.0616) o. 5 --O. o5 67 0.o719 -o. OO25O O. 0202 1'7'7 i i Aw 1/Twl w NB e 51.383 sp I As 4 0.55 -5.79 3.0990 0.81 2. 627 0.589 o.00117 o.29 t i 15.7 --21 . Ol 20 0.15 5.277 o.o8 o.0136 o.000 35.6 0.00147 O.7 I .419 0.854 (0.3 5.21 6.o --18.00417 -o.0219 0 . O949 15. I -0.o --18.3 -23.oo6o3) (0.14o O.185 0.'Tu I h) 15.2 -_.0o939) (--0.0620 (o o_4_) o.0 -165 -318 -0.719 -i® -318 -23.5 99.9 121 191 2_ 110 -0. 1/Tm ) !/T81 CONDITION 0.43 -30. 0624 o.8 -99.96 9.2 7. 0728 -0.24 (i .3 -23.oo716 o.30 (2.0173 11 .5 -23.92 -I I.8 -99.3 Aa z I/Tazl I/Taz 2 CG I/Taz3 /Taz_ -o.73 -14.00823 0-731 1. clean flexible FUNCTION FACTORS FLIGHT _L ! L_ h M 2 3 0 0 0 0.TABLE II-D ELEVATOR Note: Data for body-fixed centerllne LONGI_TDINAL _ANSF_ axes. Oh 97 -o.587) 0.6 5. 0422 0.0472 i _-_ (1/%3) 15.2 7.33 15.4 0.7 -5.o_43 o.8 .76 4.48 8. 071 0 (-0.6 29.156 0.2 O.0122 O.2 -8.2 -99.7 .I 0.1o9 29.63 3.239 0.9 o. OO627 11.89o 1.8 20. oo225 N6 e 6.

05 4.68 1.29 3.01 0.0O274 % 11% I (o.202 0.9_3) 2.6 9 _O00 O.0191 0.7 --0.000 15._6 0.5 7.798) 1.78 3.00144 -o.77 -o.63) 9.79) 0.34 3.O_L9 -0.151 o.cleanflexibleairplane FLIGHT CC_DITION I 2 3 4 5 6 h 0 0 0 15.25 O.31 3.64 5._71) -1.C_35 O.0* 14.63 5._61) 3.15 1.638 o.O0857 -0.O_99 -0.71 6.114 0.231 o.156 0.62 2. 237 0.0OO I.119 0.7) -391 o.183 O.92 1.0o23_ 0.2 3.000 O.652 1.287 0.76 (0.18 2.21 (o.245 -0.175 0.65 2.oo_7 .37 -0.766 -7.00241 _a _p 0.12 1.06 -8.217 O.477 -4.OO427 0.96 14.37 1.0896 6.TABLE II-E AILERON LATERAL TRANSFER FUNCTION FACTORS FOR THE A-TA Note:Datafor body-fixed centerline axes.146 -i .6 2_.179 o.2 86.3 0.2 -0.9_4 0.56 0.O_ 0.0o718 -43. 222 0.03 -0.0852 0.597 o.92 I/T_3 I/Tay I (_ay 2) i/T_Z2(_y2) CG _&y (1/Tay 3) ( 1/T_y4) -0.98 -0.217 0.87 5.0102 0.6_ I.193 2.6 O.0462 o.62 4.00150 -0.66 5.445 0.49 3.420 0.29 3.897 O.oo113 -o.9 0.91 4.885) (_IB) -0.176 0.81 2.1 12.6 8.2 3.10 --o.62 2.46 9.810 1.018o I/T R I.6) -147 -0.56 o.92 _a O.173 0.0214 0.124 % I.593 0.0OO M O.34 3.91 1.5 25.4 2_.29 2.16 -6.08 I.Zm) (3.280 1.81 2.81 17.596 I .6_ 0.o198 0. 0673 7.7 24.3 O.2 -o. 627 -233 63.91 I . 173 o.42 28.961 (2.o37_ .793 (o.29_ .122 0.801) -7.I 12.o411 0.000 15.0o691 hD N5 a % Ar I/Tr I :' Nr 5a _r _r -0. o219 I/Tpl -0.189 o.79 0.0319 0.0O655 -0.I -o.51 3.28 2.581 0.66 (3.26 7._4 0.76 _a (0.58 -2.777 o.00267 2.29o (0.210 0.9 0.13 2.32 -0.128 _d I.79 17.191 o.33 I . 0232 I/T s A 7 15.218 o.27 2.6 0.oo137 -o.667) 11%2 (_) -O.12 -2.177 o.872) 0.i&6 0.32 I .3o .35 2.93 o.00216 IO.113 (-6.45 --0.726) 2.58 Ap 5.87 5.o3 I .1 78.65) (1o.o_05 3. -0.61 (o.05 4.402 2.13 O.99 188 2.9 I C_ I 8 35.8 --0.84 (o.217 0.17 7.968 2.16 (0.545 -I -0.29 (o.113 23.26 2.51 -i .422 (io._ 28.596 -0.@8) 5.124 I.222 0.173 o.

O603 -©.0769 0.29 3.0192 0. 000648 6. -0.15 1.6 9.0178 (i-1 26 6 .3.123 -0.46 9.33 -4.18 Ar -I .13 4.!!_ 4.11 113 170 272 NS_r N5 r 15.56 -0.553 2.735 0.440 0.75 0.84 Aq) /%1 5.03c7 0.968 2.45 -6.27 -2.62 _ .% I .o3 I .5 6.156 o.5 62.6_z 0.87 -2.55 -3.00_266 9.4.00352 2._ 314.9 12. 0.7 12o 186 12.12 o.57 -3.33 4.29 7.475 O.4 O.71 6.03 2.27 4.3o 6.0267 o.55 2.64 _r o.8 8.79 11.60 4-.43 _.54 -5.68 1/Tp2 -3.o347 0.0102 o.128 2°9i 4.00147 -o.45 6.27 3.81 4.31 6.25 /Ts A 0 -<).37 1/%2 -_.12 7. 202 o .000578 O.94 '110 160 15.9 0.6 .10_ O. 00654 22.28 2.89 I0.0191 I/T R i.0214 0.58 7.6 0.78 5.77 2.53 3.57 -4.9 1.535 o.68 -I .80 -4.o319 0. O430 0. clean FLIGHT FOR flexible THE A-7A airplane CONDITION .64 5. 0224 I/_1 11. 0227 I .45 2.218 O.6 30.114 0.92 _d o.31 -7.65 2.69 -3. 00271 2.36 2.5 2.0550 0.000 35.79 -4. O0 2.502 1.27 97 -7.4.61 -11 .88 10.1 -0.11 -5.0436 -0.66 5.0937 0.38 I .06 -5. 674 0o41_ o.0626 0.0107 I.02 o.175 o.473 o.0237 ©._1 4.16 7.16 4.96 5 °92 9.00616 1.6.578 2.4.32 -0.0165 -0.35 6.75 6.3 -6.79o 0. 231 o.39 -4.8 7.53 -8.56 3.31 -5.9 0.381 I .83 -2.000 35.63 5.00502 i/% i.514-I o.81 2.3 -0.I I/Trl I .73 4.14 63.35 8.28 -3.9 -O.oo141 -0.78 -8.61 -5.2 -0.0021 2.17 0.000 0.0 51.oo199 I/T_2 I .38 1/Tp3 1.526 % I . 0 0 15.3 o.0435 0.2 18. 189 0.00243 2.81 r 15.1 0. _8 -4.00117 -0.21 2.04:9 o.ooo 0.585 % O.538 0.93 -8.17 7.00242 -0.0624 -0.69 -o.91 I .70 6.97 --2.33 9°87 0.22 Ap ---0.o462 0.09 6.2 -0.44 -4.80 1o. 13.3o L TR-i 52. 237 O.000 0.00723 -0.11 2.76 -3.17 7.76 I/%3 54.0411 0.54 --8.TABLE RUDDER Note: Data ]ATERAL for body-fixed TRANSFER eenterline II-F FUNCI'ION FACTORS axes.45 9.0i80 0.31 0.84 --I .

SECTION A-4D 27 Ill .

Systems Technology. M. and D. Report ES-26104.000 REFERENCE / GEOMETRY S = 260 ft 2 c = 10.L. 1955 2) _Johnston.E.ft z I y = 25.OOO h(ft) 20. 127-1.Weir.578 Ibs CG at25%MGC Ix = 8090 slug. Faith.000 W = 17.Figo_re !Ii. Axes 40. Aerodynamic Data for Model A4D-I _OperotiormlFliqht Trainer.5ft X REFERENCES I) Abzug. July 1964 BASIC DATA SOURCES Wind Tunnel Test Envelope for model A-4D-I Transfer functions given for these flight condition .900 Iz = 29.H. November I.J. Technical Report No.0 0.ft z sluo-ft z Ixz = 1:500 stug-ft 2 Body Ref. Inc.200 slu9. Study of Pilot-Vehicle'Controller Integrotion for A Minimum Complexity AFCS.2 b = ?_7. Douglas Aircraft Co.] A-4D ! I FLIGHT NOMINAL CRUISE CONFIGURATION Cleon Airplane ENVELOPE 60. and R.8 ft SL 1.D.

j I _ep P . shown Kr : Gain in deg/deg/sec.scheduied for indicated air speed _" I K_ . Koz • Scheduled for indicated airspeed YAW L (_rp Note: n System used on the A4D-2N Control stick steering mode model only.ROLL PITCH ! I az ._x=?) ..__+t< A-4D A-4D _ap t ['0 FilterPass Low + Kp" Gain in deg/deg/sec. for Figure r A-4D r_ iii-2.-. A-4D _ Stability Augmentation System scheduled indicated air speed .

000 6 ft \\ \ 4 2 0 0 T_-I 7!]-1 .4 .0 .2 .50 .14 12 ao I0 (deg) 8 \\35.8 1.6 M _.

02 00 •2 .2 ..8 1.04 O0 ft .8 CL .0 .. 0 0 .06 ft / \ \ .4 .2 Le .6 .0 M i 35.000 ft " .4 ...000 .4 Sea .6 \ 55.8 1..6 M TR-17g-I 31 ..

5
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All Altitudes
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1.4

1.2

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Altitudes

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1 0_1 0._. _. I I i rj _L I E_ .It-- 0 0 0 0 Q o LO 0 o.0._. cO ----- '_ o 0 _ I E _. o.1 0 0 0 0 .u_ 0 0 C 0 0 0 o---_ co \\ 0 0 \ ro C_ \ ----C_ 0 -- ro L r_ . _i .

. O O cO I OO ¢. / o.0 O.I O.1 O O _" I ¢.. O O o.o.D ! O OO --_ o O "_I I O _7 _0 D-- _7 .D o__ i L _.

. r_ j 15.2 - -.6 .0 I Sea Level ..8 0 1.m.l_.0 .000 -.. 35.2 . 7__-L Y( ..9 Sea Level c_ -I.) -I.4 M .0 .000 ft ..2 ...000 .3 _/5..2 .4 5... ft -12 0 .--.3 0 ..I 15..0( .4 .8 1.0 M . (r+.4 M TR..mil..000 ft _ " fl.._.I 00 .6 ..8 1...6 ..2 ft Sea Level ---- ..

-.4 .6 M .5 . / Seo Level/ ! / / t .2 All Altitudes -.3 .8 1.0 .000 0 ft f .2 .4 .0.2 .000 / / _J / 55.02 / / 15.6 M _-17_-i 38 .3 -.4 0 .06 Cnp .

_ Sea Level _- C_.000 -. Cn r 0o .2 15.2 z 0 .8 1. r (-)..0 %3 Sea Level 15._ 35.4 5.8 1.6 .000 ft _.6 .2 ..ooo - M M _ .0 .000 ft ¢ -.5 TR-176-I 39 ft .

0J Od co 0 0 O_ I I i i B 0 o i I _ aJ I" q I 0 q 0 0 0 q o.J o 0 _I 0 _D 0 0 _ I' I I if) J i _0 1 ii IJ ._I i o J I i I1) oo 0 ! i. q o q q 0 I ! O 0 D 0 v DI .o. q L r_ o I \ 00 co m \ i i o 0 i - I .

...2 .2 .0 0 ..0 -.... l ...++-35.6 ...2 L All Altitudes .....4 M ..04 seoLeve...4 M .....8 1.._+"_..4 4] I M .ooo. i ' ..ooo...I Cn8 r 0 .12 I .. y_ .... -..8 1.......02 0 TR-176-] •2 ....6 ..0 .....CY8 r .6 .06 .......8 1..06 I .5...

ZKrV_IVcl_IVOI_Z2MOZO V-Ill Z_[V_ 7 .I.0 0 {'6? {'@ £'£{ 0 0 0 ?"g9 9"9 9 "9{ (oas/as) °M 9q? (oas/_s) °n ?'A 9"LL £Ad 9_o t sg6 9L? og6 9"9 07"0 0£'0 6"9 6"0 9_L 9{9 ££9 _7{t @6 9£9 t_9d 9_o L 9{£ooo'o 9{£ooo'o 967L00"0 {'{L6 {'{L6 9_o L 6"0 9"0 o't ooo'd{ ooo'gL 6"_ ooo'_{ 9 k Lo{ 967L00"0 967t00"o 95o L 95o L ooo'dt 9 d (_ap) % £{s og6 s{6 6"0 (_ap) oz 96qtoo'o 9_o L 9£{soo'o (oas/%j) °SA 9£{soo'o ILLL LLLL oJ 9"0 _'o gg"o _'o (-) O00'gL O00'dL 0 0 (a_) _ L _ { _OI$1CAIOO $H0!_£ 8%fl_UT_ 0£0_ --: zx! _8%j-_nTs 00_98 = zI _8%J-gnIS 006_8 %J 9"Or = X I _8%j-gnTS O_L_9 = xI 7 = o _%g _'£8 = q _8%J 098 = S <o b- :a%o£ C¢[-V _{Z HOg T_Z.

0131 -0.00938 -0.001824 -$.0687 -O.1174 -0.0228 -0.876 0. 00131 -0.400 -19.23 -0.068 -2.00906 --33. ooo 35.0982 -O. 149 -0.000806 -0.4 0.942 6.606 --23.93 k -0.728 --63.289 Xw 0. 000476 --O.773 --0. 0487 --O.0227 --0.23 -94.892 0.9 0.28 I --22.0379 -0.9 1. ooo _F_ ooo 15_ ooo 15.0251 -0._78 _ 1343 -i .455 0.8_:3 -0.0298 XSe 7.0215 Xu -0.0422 -0. ooo x 0. 000683 -0.071 Mu 0.00232 0. 0765 -0.01739 --0.0204 -0.000877 --33.68 --103.535 7.899 0.084 .00908 --0. 151 --2. 000270 -0.396 -0.0502 I M@ -0.85 0.08 --188.052 0.723 --15.O212 0.00263 -7! .00340 0. 0533 --0. 000763 -0.987 -7.096 -0.288 --3.02_2 6.809 --2.0615 -0. clean FOR THE flexible A-4D air!o lane.670 --I .00412 I I --14.00253 0.6 0. ooo 35.o 0.2 0. 677 I Zu --0.6i2 Zw -0.3874 -0. 0704 Z_ e --42. 0869 --56.273 Mw --0.00934 -0.936 --0.00162 M_e -13.6 0. ! FLIGHT C OE_DIT!OI[ ! i 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 h c o 15.TABT__ LONGiTUDiI_AL Note: Data are for body-fixed DiY_SIONAL centerline IiI-B DERIVATIVES axes. 000423 Xq --I.1072 --0.256 --i . 922 -I . LS4 -0. --19. 05 25 -0.0303 --0. 000902 -0.037 -_'3. 000555 --0.

9 1.3432 -0.475 0.8731 I .1704 16. 228 -0.2468 -0.717 13.4 o.113 0.5761 -1.000 35.203 39.16 I T N8 a 1. I --17.0038 -0. 02561 O.6 o.1 034 --0.52 --35.352 17.613 0.85 0. 002763 O. 1476 -0. 203 67.000 0. 0898 O.899 -0.6 o.813 --3.708 --0.086 -82.943 4.4 -0.9 -0.000 15. 02487 L5 --29.503 --2.769 17. 279 6.3893 5.TABLE LATERAL Note: Data are for DIHZFSiONAL body-fixed IIi-C DERIVATIVES centerline axes_ FOR clean THE A-4D flexible airplane.5703 1.o o.212 0.2 6£.0260 -0.208 1.538 1. I O_ I FLIGHT I 2 3 h 0 0 M 0.217 37.02953 -O. 0055 6 O.95 -82.776 0.1953 -6.6227 17. 000819 -0.1675 8.71 --I18.566 --2. 00582 %r 15.844 --I.000 4 15.99 21.2484 --0.282 44.562 -3.706 16. 629 £2. 044 O.5755 Ysa -0.0348 -0.88 -0.103 22.744 .358 --0.399 -26.31 Yv ! T L8 a ! LS r Hr -0.398 22.7 6 --I.01647 -0.280 -7. 01791 O.214 k.000 CONDITION 5 6 7 8 15.43 3.02173 0. 03958 O.761 --1.484 0.36 -16.85 8.4875 N' 8m -6.02 --17. 00207 -0. 049 O.000 35.78 -16.89 8.527 39.167 0.812 I .3628 -0.5144 -0.111 --I.4 --O. 1596 -0.02513 i --0.029 0. 00807 --0. 0549 O.309 10.85 6.00188 --0.557 -£0.642 -3.00539 -O.359 8.

437 -0.8042 5e 1/Thl -0.426 8.02184 o.1'127) 0.00227 --7.0141 0.08 --188.28 I/Tw I 149.076 Ae N_)e Au 7.337) --56.0926 0.776 -15.597 --7. 1035 0.4915 (0. 6259 N_e {u(I/Tu2) 0.682 o.348 2.903 -22.584 _u(I/Tu3) 0.28 Aaz -4 2.00122 0.376 21 .127 24.9 (2.3435 O.0299 --0.000214 -.824 0. clean flexible FLIGHT I h M o.645 0.232 IO.074 6.000431 -0.11o5 0.0614 O.3595 (1.671 -22.0172 0.62 24.4926 (3.23 -94. 0822 (0.868 .079 0.572 0.0228 -0.0835 0.195 0.2478 _sp 3.98) 0.0238 0.68 --103.0181 -.8 --2O.77 325.623 27.000 0.282 8.502 -188.o6835) (0.726 -63.98 94.42 0.4o8 -19.00353 0.6 o.358 3.00025 I/Taz2 0.67 313.083 O..813) 0..02 162.892 -56.606 -23.628 I/Tu I 66. 857 2.712 --22.00404 -0.O761 O.4 o.8481 Aw --42.o516 Ah 42.725 0.203 0.000 15. 2838 0.05043 8.23 --94.56 13.6 o.0319 0.01471) -0.000 15.771 -8.34 286.0.484 -I 2.7174 -8.4 -19.1019) O.321 --19.000 35.214 0.0112 1/Te2 0.49 0.9 1.98 -7. 1284 -0.0965 o.445 3.638 (G.412 I/Taz 4 --10.0301 I/Taz3 11.3383) (3.TABLEIII-D ELEVATOR LONGITUDINAL TRANSFER FUNCTION FACTORS FORTHEA-4D Note: Data are for body-fixed centerline axes.39 7.048 -12.565 188.49 --13.8234 2.01805 13.0 o.916 0.0546 (0.02574) o. CONDITION 4 5 6 7 8 35.000 0 15.0747 --13.0085 -0.000 15.362 1.489 0.898 -0.615)i 0.4 2 airplane.471 TR-176-I -24.58o6 13.o538 0.00962 0.249 --12.0859 (-0.496 23.02081 o.718 6.68 --I03. 233 0.951 A _p( I/Tpl ) O.096 -I 4.08615 o.9 _sp 0.608 0. 0602 0.352 0.034 -43.08 I/Taz I --0.878 80.0oo296 8.193 99.77 203.453 -8.77 _w(I/Tw2) 0.32 6.oo436 o .1270 11.733) 2.405 21.oso) (0t1101) (0. 0735 o.149 --0.456 I/Tel 0.85 o.415 -24.00835 0.782 -19.435 O..172 115.3591 7.00187 45 o.274 139.o0o615 1.805 -33.84 --12.037 -43.54 0.28 -160.o4 22.0563) -33. 2653 _4_(I/Tw 3) O.931 (-0.o5o 0.301 0.149 218.086 a_o(I/Tp2) O.76 -34.728 42.0771 0.274 0.293 -3.0.762 --12.8554 (0.668 27.606 --23.01593 _e 1/Th2 I/_ 3 -IO.454 13.69 357.946 57.01842 -22.

2264 (0.67 --7.3965 0.00914 0.29 -456 134.903) (17.923) -0"0505 CG _y4(I/Tay4) TR-176-1 3.oo698 I.000 35.5346 2.4781 --2.2<)3 39.049 -0.368 629.43) 0.601 3.4 0.OO582-0.787 2.985 8.121 % 3.91 8.001883 -0.779 4.17 16.442 8.712) .0966 _od 3.772 0.6872 (2.484 0.067 % 3.9029 4.843 2.054 0.0885 o.00726 0.36 8.199 64.o00819 -O. 1207 o.39 0.0 0.4294) 1.294 2.058 4.00_32 o.0991 O.651 (-16.oo207 -0.5376 i.869) (-32.974) -0. FACTORS clean FLIGHT FOR flexible 2 3 h 0 0 15.O717 0. 0847 o.3626 -o.99 3048.772 _6 -o.4868 0.00807 -0.149) (33.7967 --2.112 O.0185 o.988 21.000211 -0.76 4.0447 -0.09125 -0.921 _(p O.62_) 8.739 O.321 64.14) 0.212 0.O17 0.475 I/TGI(_) (o. 121 0.065 6.TABLE AILERON Note: Data for lATERAL bod_-fixed _ANSFER III-E FUNCTION centerline axes.553 17.694 I .0923 O.0 -1396.046) 23.0324 0.5504) 1.9834) -0.5703 I .1843 0.00041 6 7 8 15.1975 o.519 i_p 0.4875 5.0968 0.4622 1.6 o.42 -2.308 39.073 3.845 2.000 M 0.4 0. 0924 O.769 17. 1021 0.4_ 3.8 -838.178 1/T#2(a_) 3.3891 (-0.9 0.00185 NIDsa O.0949 O.000 35.0669 8.891 6.618 Ap 17.00568 I/T R 1. 0977 0.767 _r 2.y2) (1.398 9. 0OO233 -0. 1024 0.66 I/Tay1(_e_r2) (0.873 2.000 15.9o3 (3.0o556 0.O70 0.00935 (-2.996 4.189 Aay --2.299 16.0OO 15.369 (0. 1149 O.16 197.0571 0. 293 3.342 6.193 -O.521 2.003 A-_D airplane.0067 o.0085 -0.1615 185a 4.000 I.798 4.523 4.282 "-0.oo599 o.2036 (0.743 (4.89 8.986 Acp I/T r N_Sa 3.0o38 -0.OO276 % -0.00572 -O. CONDITION 1 I/Tpl _KE -0.137 O.723 -0.6 0.073 21. 0676 0.0468 4.744 3.48 4 5 I/T s 0.0968 0.287 4.55 1.O152 I.495 44.999 _.789 2. 156 f I/T#3 19.248 0.7012) i/%2(4.54 2.413 --5.364 0.7o13 1.01182 -0.0215 (1.742 4.704 2.9 0.266 0.0695 3.1149 0.294 9.655 --6.914 6.89 2.4o3 44.439 8.2183) 2.81 _d 0.00508 o.8875) -0.537 2. 0946 -O. 0646 0.665 -0. 1015 0.85 0.392 2.

o219 -0.996 4. 2 llTar 1.O 10.272 o.91 A_y 20.67 342.797 1/T 2 -3.743 -3.32 -0.815 0.0119 --O._ 4.54 2.376 --2.957 -4.936 21-9 22.o_ I/TP3 --3.0312 153.6 3.o0968 FACTORS FOR THE A-4D clean flexible airplane.642 --3 •28 -7.09123 3.733 -7.6 o.49 -9.7013 1.78 --I6.342 6. CONDITION 5 15.362 --I6.664 --3.73 8.o949 0.85 0.54s_ 3. FLIGHT I 2 3 4 h 0 0 15.534 2.20 o.128 0.729 3.46_ 3.403 8.000 o.Iz_96 0.0885 O.772 0.00([) 7 8 35.00939 --0.028 4.83 10.398 22.7532 3.6 o.032 0._63 1.211 -3.33 -4.81 I .678 8.552 3._19 1.199 -26.618 6.049 0oQ179 0. 0676 0._.065 2.578 I .150 -4.642 3.y. 00726 0.14 10.930 _r 0.786 0.112 O.717 I/T s 0.o9_9 _r % 0.379 2.359 4.0(90 15.293 -2.00576 1/_ 2 3.09 0.955 8.21t_ _.0175 -3.78_ -o 86 -0.00224 -0.o147 1.o39 -0.744 3.3075 0.000 35.0209 -0.000941 -0.375 2.217 -0.363 0.oo5o8 0.618 9.8 _d o.936 Ar -6. 1828 o.0OO321_ 1.00914 I/TR I .TABLE RUDDER Note: Data IATERAL for body-flxed III-F TRANSFER FUNCTION centerline axes.167 -0 .711 212.5346 2.485 0.293 3.90 -_744 0.4 o.0141 1.00595 o.196 --4.309 10.01 _.850 o.33 I/_ayI -0.000 M 0.902 -3.9 .537 2.0396 o.058 4.7 --8.14 210.00154 1/Ta.1783 o.587 3.ooo236 -O.227 -4.615 1.2rF9 -2. 103 22.296 51.0152 I .159 I/_r 1.7 38 0.0 o.393 0.9 o. o966 0.795 9.O29 i 7.7o8 3o86 -3.00945 i/% 2 1.t_95 2.137 O.83 3.997 37.oo658 6 15.29 289.562 -3.OOO412 -0.00133 N_Sr I/% I -0.208 4.760 2.944 4.2o7 0.752 0.392 37.835 5.411 -0.1 89.0326 1.207 --4.526 TR-176-1 --3.348 2.145 303. 1207 0.489 2.499 21.0249 -0. 0067 2.00432 O.00851 4.o067 -0.378 4.539 2.76 --3.63 CG llTa 0.98 -2.9 O.000212 [-0.000 1.718 0.79 A Ap 8.003 -0.812 I/T133 156.4 0.717 5.00186 1/ p1 -O. 4 o.308 0.02 300.134 52.

.

Io6B Precedingpageblank 49 IV .SECTION F.

Terp.236 slug-ft t ( Ixz 5.858slug'ft2( Zz 191.539slug "ftz Body Ref. Service Engineering Div.634 slug-ft 2 "_ _j'7 o [y 177.m_cs.0oo MGC //.776 CG at 50. C. A.I i F -106B FLIGHT ENVELOPE 60. Description of F-106B Aircraft to Be Used as a Variable Stability Trainer.m X M Maximum A/B thrust Military Thrust Transfer functionsgiven for these conditions REFERENCES : Weyel. A.DeC'convl_o_.E. X/ ) REFERENCE GEOMETRY S = 695 ft 2 c = 23. A Compilation of F-106 Data From Various Convair Reports Contained in Letter. Kc_:llYel_:_Ji:_ilbiL::NE:y_. 14 May 1963_ I . × / Ix = 18...H. Axes 2%0oo _q v.i Figure iV.5% h(ft) /_ 4o.A. // j .755 b = 58.15 ft f -__.000 NOMINAL CRUISE CONFIGURATION Cleon Airplane W = 29.Lunder...

6 .16 /Kp ./_H/Po 0 200 400 600 Dynamic Pressure.4 . qc.4 :_ -.2 .04 v 0 "0 0 .3 Ke \ "0 _-.12 ! \ .6 .5 . _-_06 -- Stability Augmentatiom System 800 .2 .8 1.6 -.2O .2 \ .ow/Po . Ibs/ft2 Figure IV-2.0 0 PreSsure Rotio.F-106 I YAW PITCH O_ ! 8 F-106 F-_36 $ s+l T_s.8 1.0 Pressure Ratio.4 .08 .I SCHEDULED SCHEDULED GAIN and TIME GAINS CONSTANTS .5 (J (I) ".

858 0 O.858 177.4 868 80 I_0.6_ 18.2 0 11.037 o.70 I .1 18._) p (slug.6_ 18._ 0.7 18.9 _0. 0 0 791.4 1.9}6 1. 331o.9_ 0.00o587 1. I for bo_-f_l b=38._s) !.119 Ixz (slug-ft 2) 4947.4 xCU/C 0.0(0.7 18.0(0) 991 870 Iy (a1_-rt2) 195.199 591 z_3 1.776 _4.c) 60..9_9 0.9 78_ 0.9 177._ O.898 1 91.001267 o.6_ 177.1 condition 73 1.000 (s1.2_6 191.3 29..4DO 1.6 0."r"_' o. eoc_itlocatio=: _= 17.800 1_.000 0..4 29.9 1.057 o.2 0 0 • 2.7 9. CORDITION 2* 20.00126? 7_ 20.2 99.I V-A G_OME'IRICAL PARAMETERS _ _ F-IO6B I r-J --j I Note: F-J Data are s=695.6_ S./rO) 1._ 20.9 6o19.939 11 .2_6 8'38 2.858 177.00126? 108.000 11 82 1.2 . e_terlLt_ axe.L.7 9.776 964..100 29.776 964. 001267 1.2_6 191.0 0 4.O 40.759 1.000 0._05 O.000 100_.29 O.OO1267 10 20.0 0. e=2_._00 Iz (slug "I_2) 219._.776 9e4.9_9 0.262 198.196 1_.0 2.O_ *Opt:_ 1.490 29._X_5 2.037 0.7 29.858 177.000 19.898 4..776 92_.0 2.6_9 _3.7 18.3_'a 29. 6_ 177.9 19.00e_77 _3.74 _.116 o.000 12 1.2 39e 39_ w (_) S.88 (aeg) • o (eel) eo (eel) 0 4.5)9 9.42 _.0 78_ 212 99.707 187.7 1.037 0.037 0. 1 91.000987 I. _=-3.000 (--) 0.L.5.2 1.ec) wo (_l. 6_A 18.776 964.2_6 _o 20.305 0._O5 0.ooo987 871 1 91.799 1.116 0.7 9._ Uo (_l.939 5.9 3.9_ 4O6 1.776 964.o}7 o.001267 l_ss _3.4 414 18.2_6 964.9_9 O._ 191.000 933 1'r/.898 177.4 1._05 9. _6 933 9.2)6 9.000 0.2_6 191.776 18.7 9.755 (rtl.000 29.26 % 4.1_.634 18.002577 20.7 9. 1._ ._9 949 o.002377 0.88 del_ 257.O_ 3.116 0._1 9.2_6 191.4 0 0 0 1.090 Ix (s1_ -ft2) _0...634 1 8.7 1._ FLIG_ . 0.6 29.4 93.2 4._o9 29._05 2.49o 8.500 28.8o9 177.0 0 2.

_- b_'L- 9"L_- _'_L_- _'6L- _'_- 0"03- _0"0 8010"0 08_0"0 _'_'_rO"0 _980"0 _6_o.zuoo _6_0"0 6990" o 80 _'o 118'o- _/t.o OOL'O 9_o'o l_'_'O- 9_t'O- 6g._- _OL- L'LL LL- L'6_- _L'L- L'LL L_'6 9o"I L6 ° L _Tg"L 8_'L O_'_- 69't- oL'%- _9"9" _I.O'_- _'_- _" 9LL- 6"8L- e69oo'o 8ato'o 18_o'o lt_'o- b_L'O- .oa.'sq-8 : _o_ &-AI _IEW I I E-_ .I(IEO0 _OYI_ _'0 .I _9"_" [6" t9L_ "0- _%9o'ot" L_ 6_'_- _'L- _<L"6- _" 06"_- 8¢'_- L- _'0- g L_O'O81"1 _'O- _9_'o- _tt'O- _o_o'o- 6"gL 6L'_ OG'L 0"9L 90_'o _-%- Z._._- _...z_ SUOTO..I_L'O- _9"_ L'_G- 9L'9- _L'O- 8_0"o- _'_ G'og- L_9"o- L_'_'- "_'_L- 60"_- LO'L- _0"9- _9" _" _0_'0- _l'_- 89"E" _.< OL p_puTou T oT%'s'8"[@o._ L- tO'_O oleo"o (_'o _'o- ELL'O- o'_ "_'L _'i 6"0 000'0_ 000'0_ ooo_o_ O00'Ot r _L LL gL_'OL9_O"o- 8 L'_ o_6oo'o l_.I_'o- 66L'O- tG'O- _6_'o- _l_'o- _'OIL'E L_O'O- L81O'O- _L'O- ls_o" O- O'_L- lo_o'oLO'_ _9"_ _'6L- _'6L /_5"_ 1_'9 _'E 6_'E 9_'_ _L'_ 9%'_ L_.'_ 6_'L- _L'_- %0"L- _..I.T._'O- 6_'0- G_'O _I'o _l'o 000'0_ O00rOg ooo ¢o_ a.O 6"0 O00'Og tgg'o-6"0 60 t'O-" _'0 "I'S 000'0_ EOI._L'OL- 1_o'o _0"0 E'o -'I'S 66Lo'o _x Lo_ •o- .Cj _°_L- L" L9- I.'_ oTo._- _" L_'L LO'_ _'L _9"_ 09"L 69"_" _.

S 6"0 8L'Lg._'o9Lt (L_l_o'o) (L6"a) L'gt 6"L9 (6eL'o) _L'_ (_-o) 9tt'o- T_O'0 OOl'o 60 t'o L uoTsT_oo itg_'o) CLo'o) (_9"_) 9"tt Lg..'_ t_" t L6 t-o9'_- 9_'o g_./L OD q Capu%_%IV 9 _q_i_ _0 L-_ DISY_ _0_ g_D_T_DY.g_- (oe_'o) L_" _'_ _'_t- _¢-o _'_ _'_- (--_._Sk_f_ q_%'I _O_'IIV 7 D-AI _I_D_ 7 .t 9 LL'o to'L- L6"t gL9" o _0"9- •_g_ • o _$'t L6_'O 60"_- °'zv "%/.q-! _'0 O00rg8 9_ O00cOE _A'O t/t'o tOt'O _. I _(_) _ff_ (oo) %iz_ °_v L" t96_)'o LL_"OOOL'0 O'%t 9_'_ tgS"O" 9_6o'o OLL'O _'8 C_'O _'0 66.9 • t_'O 9_'ol_- 9g L'O t9"_ oLgoo'oo'_l8L t-o _'_ b_9"_ to-o- O'_'t OOC_c_a c_._ _ig _'g _-otO'O Lt L _0"_ 900"o6_0"0 _'_ _o'oL_'o 9_'g _'o_o-o O/'t t_g'OgOt'O Ot_'O 9_'t 9_" t _9"_- _'0 _o-_ 69_'o 6_"_" 9o_'o t_-t _" _ L_t'o g6"t t L'_'O _h'_" 0 L_"L L_g'o _'6- ELt'O _'_'_ _'9_- _OL'O %t'_ _'9_" _3't'O %c_.o) (_._ _o'<:] _oo'o- 8_ L'O oo'a %/.o) Ct6"_) 9o_'o 69" t- 0"_ 9LL_6_ _'0_ •q.0"0_. O00"O- _t'o _E'g _00"0- t6 t'o LG'¢ b_DO'O_'LL- ose'o 96-_ tOO'Ogot- _t'O _-t "_LO'O_'6t- c_+_a •o _0"_ 900"01"6_- $6_'0 _" t L'_IO" O_'_L- 6Gt'O tO'_ '_'L 900*0* _'o _.'9_9 tL'O _L"_ 6_._'0 6_Y"O- _o._'_ LO'_6t'_ _Lt'O0"6_ 6_'L _9"_•_ 6:.9"o o_o*o _'0 tO'i_ 60"g _o'o _gt'O b_'_ g6_'o 69 t'o ELL'O LOL'O _ooo'ot'9__Lo'o L_'_ 9L'_ _oo-o_'t 9LL'6_ G'O_ 0_0_0_ o'_ EL LOO'O_'9_c_6o-o _'_ L6-t OLO'O L'_ 9LL*6_ _'_ 000_0_ _'t tL _.'_ LLg'o t6_'o_L(z_9"o) i(LL9"O) (. 9 9"9_- _t'O _'_ o'_- t6 t'O L_'_ L" tL- _9_'o _6"_ 90L- _t'o 6_" t _"6 t- _-_- Z_t'o 6c3"9 f._ 6_'o _f.O_ .t'O _Ot'O 69"_ _'0 L_'o_- _'0_ OLL'O _'_ t_-_-o "_'oc_LL- (le_'o-) (gg6"o) (6 re'o) (6 t'g) 6"gL (e_-o-) (_6.z _L'O t9"_ _'_L- _L'O _'_ _" t9- _L t'o ¢_-g t-g'_- _b v "%/kb _L'L" ALS"O l_" L 9"_t- 6"_ 9ALr6_ _'0_ "q'S _'o 60 L'O i.t 6_g'o 6tL-ot'9L- 6LE'O Lt'_ _/._" _OI_D_ _.o) 9"0_ _._ OLO'O Ot _C]" t 6aL'oLOL g'Ot _e'_- L'_6g L°O _t'g _._/.g'OtO_- t_'o ¢6o-o _.O'o9_t- iLgo'o _-_ _]'o ¢_o-o6_t- _..o) (_6._tL'O 09"_ L9_'o :--d.t- 0_'0 t 6_16"0 t_'_- O'tt 9LL"6_ _'0_ 000_0_ _-o (trY'o-) (og6"o) (t_-o) (o_-a) (6:=6"0) 6"%L (_6_..t) oc_o'o :.t LO0"O _'t 9AA_6_ _'0_ 000_'0_ _'L _'_ _9" L- _'_ 9AL_6_ _'0_ O00rOtT 6'0 6 9LL_6_ _'C_ 6"0 Zo'9 _._ t'O) (_9" t) _-_ _L _'L- .._goo • OL"t9- Ot_OO'OL'_'_- GLt'o L_'_ 6t'_ 99 to'o- iOt*O l_'g 09"t o/to'o- _0"_ 000'0_ _'0_ O00rOi _L'o 0oo'_ 6_ ooo_o_ LCS _T_ _c_/t _dv _/d _/t e._ _._ _'06610"0 L_'O (6L" t) 6"g9 (°_):=_/t ( _).LO" 0 _ L L'O 99"9 %_" t tlo'o9_t- _._ L_'_- (o_6-0) (o_m'o) (_-o_o-o) (_" t) (_-o) (6_."9 _6"_Lt'_ tgo'O9"_ t.'r.

1 7 .69 I .49 4.89 1.4 219 36.oo_ -0.69 0.909 (9.000 30-5 12 1 . 162 2.ooo 3o.78_ -0.16_ $/5r _/Sr 25.28 -I .Sa3 i.000727 0.29 16.844 -8.L.00 -2.9_ -o.08) -5.81) (0.0O9 I .012 1.067 2.44 -9.81 0.60 -o. Altitude.49) .91 2.28 0.74 -.776 109 0.55 (o.4.9_9) -0.000 26 ib/ft _ I/Ts 2_iat 0.2 34.07 -o. CG --4 Oh I Weight q.ooo53o 2.9 20..5 8.07 0.09 o.0402 1.71 -0.81 1 . 3_ I/T R P/Sr _.0OI I.59 -0.98 .00286 -0.67) 951 29.4.0oo _.6 -0.419 o.365) I.9 3o.808 -i.TABLE RUDDER IATERAL TRANSFER IV-D FUNCTION FACTORS FOR FS I£bt 5 BASIC F-I 06B C_n_ _tion 6 I I MBch No.4-8 -0.97 -2.49 -I .782 I .43 2._5 0.0693) 6.o -_.002T5 (i.9 29.349) (2.59 -9-3O 9.36 (9.4.9 2.7.54 0.92 -2.1o -9.9 S.26 (o.06 0.16 4.99 2.9_ 1 9.690 2.00 o.00699 -5.99 2.067 -o.oo4 9.88 -2.79 9.015 -0._62) 0.776 223 2.19 9.4 0. 755 20._) (2.091 2.1 69 2. h _ 20.89 -0.00679 2.02 0.00 0._I -0.o09 -0._) (i. 29.17) (0.5 0.64 o.02) (o.776 I.19 ° 0.4-4 67 .059 -0._) I/T_r I (a_pr) 30.0736) (0.97 -0.902 0.001 °0.2 18.09 -o.175 ) 30.68 (0.159 -2.099 o.012 -O.89 97.4 20.94 .99 0.&7 9.4 o.0_ -2.0 o.29 2._) (I ._6 13o 105 o.oo914 -0.0009 -I .37 I/Tprs(_Pr r/Sr 20.000 29 20.5 2.086 0.129 o.4.2 1.01 0 -o.224 1.569 -2.62 0.o061_ 31.7._36 30.81) (0.780 6o.88 8.47 9.o9 2.9+ 9.5 11 .o646 -8.4 10.9 8.90 -91.38_ 0. 63 2.22 9._) 29.71 0._5 9.I 27.I_ _.1 (9.000 35.4_ •610 0.010 9.427 (2.05 (i44) (o.890) (o._) (1.0_ o.71) -o.17 2.25 11.116 0.o 0.99 7.oiol 2.000 0.o_ 2.004 -0.40 o.61 3.88 5.4.178 0.4 0.00670 -6.9 89. 2.4.255 O.99 2.2 -0.19 -9.05 -2.ooo 14o.73o) (0.6 [9+.o_ -0.053 0.08 -9.o12 6.96 I/T_r 2 0.85 ._ -2.776 297 2.0o9 -0.45 -3.60 59 11 .680 I -74 (0. 999 -1.00111 I/TGr I I/TOr9 Aa r I/Tar I ((Oar)I ay/Sr 1/Tar2(_a r) I (CG) I/Targ(ea r) 2 I/Tar_(_ar) 2 A_ r ay/Sr I/T_'rl (cockpit) I/T_r 2 (a_r I )I/T_r5 £_rl)I/T_r4 -0.021 I .03 -0.97 -0.0 _o.4 o.4 0.10 -3.792 -6.795 M 11 I0 7 i -5.57 (I .4.7_6 o.09 29.1 6 o.51 30.65 5.76 9.39 4.98 18.4-99 -5.709) 2..o7_ 0.5.0_.99 7.19 So i/_m S .9 o.5 2.402 90.776 I _952 1.O(X)9 -9.99) (3.002 -2.9 16.75 rr (I/Trr) o.02.o7oi) 9.I_ 9._I -5.6 16.oi 2.11 2.406 -0.59e A_r A_r -0.16 7. 0.9 20..4_-2 -I.90_ 6 1.18 2.o00 (o.66_) 9.8 o.004 _ 1.9 30.85 1.776 -o.006 -0.300 0.91 -0.18 -0.000 -O.8 81 .9 o. 678 I/_m(.I -o.6 o.8 -o.4 o.12 -0.i95 0.08 100 9.01 66 _b I/Tpr2(_Pr) k_q kJq S.0164 29.72) (I.32 10.2 -0.2 o.8e9 5.9 0.08 6.080 2.97 0.92 0.79) (0.010 2.99_ .01 0 1.01 7.97 0.ioo 0.975) 0.L.89 1.o_9 -0.58e 0.049 1.001 4.21.84 (I.00696 2.162 0.9 11 .95 89.000 -0.97 6.431 A_r o.0438 0.44 -2.40 -9.2 9.4 -o.L.000 2.2_ (o.2.52 -0.12 4.43o 9.9 5..19 -9 •89 5.oo9 .9e 6.98 _r(1 I_) 29.43o o.96 19.o61 -6.oo9 5.1 _89) 5._4- -2.739 4.0582) -o.21) -(o.5 29.99 2.29 -9.99 3.Oli -o.9 1.69 6.0 -0.028 0.69 9.500 0.776 _9 1.199 20.000 30..I -0.o_7 -0.oo5 4._28 -5.59 Ar r (0.1 12.0o6 29.9 6.54 0.776 1.29 -9.9 -o.4.017O 1..90 -I .012 -21 .07 41.38 (2.259 -0._9) I/Trrl -o.86 (o.674 o.01 0 -16.28 I .29 -O.42 0.0039 -o.37 9.4 19.

.

BECTION _-38 Preceding pageblank _7 V .

April DATA SOURCES Wind Tunnel Tests Norair 1959 Military Power (J85-GE-5) Lateral transfer functions given for these flight candltlon= .2 ft Augmented Power ---REFERENCES I) T-38 Report BASIC X Dynamic Stability.25 SL I 0. Axes Body h(ft) / 20.000 REFERENCE co ENVELOPE Airplane W = 90001bs CG FLIGHT CONFIGURATION / / GEOMETRY I S = 170 ft 2 i I c = 7._-3 I c_ ! NOMINAL CRUISE Clean Ix 60.73 ft b = 25.779slug "ft2 T.874 slug-ft2 [xz = 0 (assumed) I 40. NAI 58-704.y = 25.000 at 23%MGC = 1438 slug-ft 2 Iz = 26.000 Ref.

0 \ .Ss+.8 1.4 1.2 0 0 2_ 6 4 8 Impact Figure Tk.! I -° I YAW 8rp SCHEDULED 8r GAINS 1.8 Y C .I bs/ft2 Augmentation System 18 20xlO0 .PITCH __ _e T-38 8" Io.2 1.6 o {D Kr 1.__ _ IO._76-i V-2. T-38 -- I0 Pressure Stability 59 12 14 16 qc .D KSo .6 (.

ZNV_V£ V-A [_I_VZ p_xT_-£poq qVOIH.m ¢_ql O00_OL = xI = 7 <o b- uolg_u_ljuoo _sTu_o Cs_x_ OUTl_Ogu_o $_-.T. ZNO.T.._HZ _0£ T_.V.T._O _o$ _%_6 :_%o_ 7 .OL_L 9LOL t_LL 0 <0 0 = zxI _g%J-_nI_ 000_9[ = Zl # %J-BriTs 000_0{ OVA _{_ %_ "_'o = £I #s_nI_ O'LL{ # %@-_nIs 009#9 .

13o C_6 a O. 262 o.16o C_6 -o.0126 -o. o63 -o.o13 -0.26 VT o cy 6 ( f$/sec ) -o.o19 o. 076 --0. Cnsa Cn5 r -0.31o o.335 O. 183 Oh o.5oo O. o069 O.097 C_ r o.o53 0.000 -i .0 O. 052 C_p -0.8 1.365 -0.L 1.8 1.o86 -o.o16 0. 037 o.390 -0.012 0. 095 0. 060 . cruise FOR THE T-38 configuration I FLIGHT CONDITION -4 Gh I 2 3 4 5 7 h (ft) 0 M (--) o.715 0 25.017 o.140 o. 021 o.35 50.332 o.315 o.320 -0.o143 -0.335 -0.TABLE Note: Data LATERAL NONDT}_SIONAL are body for fixed V-B STABILITY centerline DERIVATIVES axes.27 -i .275 -0. 103 o.026 o. 24o 0.0137 -0. 0069 0. o85 -0.340 o. o8o -o.000 -1.20 o 0 0 0 o.155 o.35 -i .132 o.126 0.0 o.032 o. Io3 -0.o_8 0. 092 -0.110 o.49O C_6 r Cn_ Cnr.o16 o.25 67o 893 1117 4O6 1017 774 968 1210 --I.41 40.092 -0.470 o.340 -o. o86 -o. o3o o. 085 0.0126 0.115 0.53 0.0149 -o.490 0.o78 0. 270 -0.o86 -o.078 o.0 i .000 25.435 o. 080 o. 063 -0.0149 0. 070 O.o15 O.330 --O.6 o.295 CY$ a CY$ r 0 0. o52 O.o86 -o. 097 -o. o57 -O.084 o. o76 o.26 50.000 -I . 040 0.135 o.172 O. io6 -0.oio3 o. 286 o.155 o.38o -o.000 --1.

0673 o.191 5 25.1 o.18 2.5 6 7 8 50.489 8.77 o.000 40.941 8.14 -4.o o.29 Yv Y8 a Ysr o_ rO L ! P L ! r ! %a L ! 6r I Nr -3. 334 16.8 0.2 -11.293 -13.0 7.03 CONDITION -1.4 0 1. o965 0.1185 -0. 178 0.296 0.8 1.2084 --1.691 4.65 37.98 5.65 17.000 50.482 -0.597 -0.4 -O.245 . 383 7.25 --0.o -0.4]7 0.232 0 0 O 0.785 1.o143 0.877 -1.6 o.987 3.567 27.24 -9.132 O.402 16.065 2.0675 0.137 -0.305 17.142 o.737 --0.8 1.311 -0.37 1.75 9.151 0 0 0 O 0.0118 -0.0782 o.727 -2.712 -6.01 0.o198 0.876 1.3]6 -123.000 _.246 0.98 -O.30 0.491 --46.69 -58.0391 o.000 o.727 5.71 62.o 1.TABLE V-C LATERAL DIMenSIONAL DERIVATIVES FOR THE T-38 _9 I Note: Data -4 O_ are for body-fixed centerline axes.242 19.269 2. cruise configuration I FLIGHT 1 2 3 4 h (ft) 0 0 0 25.767 0.46 -21 •73 -0.8544 -].72 23.5o3 13.984 o.872 -0.36 -11.435 -0. 298 -1. ] 67 -5.000 M (-) o.806 -3.736 o.296 0.O86 0.423 0.588 --0.o188 -8.8 -0.286 o.o75 -29.0429 -0.037 2.27 ! N$ a -4.31 4.0122 o.0982 -O.

21 -0.o018 -o.Ol97 4.8o3 1 •236 0.535 I .706) --0.47 0.0 40.Io8) (o.o13 3.ooo3 configuration 8 5 25.4 o.052 0.36 0.95 3.287) 1/T_ 3 TR-176-I 63 4.2 7-97 Ap 19" 273 I/Tpl -0.oo25 1.98 4. 6o5 (d 0.19 2.548 o.0005 -o.628 1.856) (4.000 I •25 -o.4 7.00362 -o.187 2.0527 0.0585 0.8 50.192 0.t 0. 638 1 •401 _r 0.0832 -o.o66 (0.0043 -o.80 o.8 1.473 9.12) 1/%p2(_cp) (4.523 4.782 0.64 (o.96 Am 19.0 A N_ i/T R 3.52 0.oo141 27.8o6 I/Tr 4.0852 0.0843 -0. 439 5.847 4.624 O.926 (0.471 r 25.01 3.941 i-0.000 -0.795 .127) (0.086) (2.484 o.876 1.151 13. 127 2. 167 -1 •323 -2.98 5.275 o. 00594 -o.884 A_ --0.108 0.085 0.511 0.ooo554 _p 0.047) (0.081 2.TABLE AILERON Note: IATERAL Data for TRANSFER V-D FUNCTION body-fixed FACTORS FOR axes.50 -0.00082 -0. 334 (0.oo31 2.405 0.0705 I.381)(6.0827 0.012 o.383 7.146 _d 4.000 I/Ts T-38 CONDITION 4 2 THE I0.068) ) (9-617) (1.727 5.90 I .000 1.0 (0.0 -0.856 4.255 -0.0829) (o.515 14.712 2.75 10.133 o.4o5 4.0074 -0.6 0.0 0.2084 O.58) -0. 765 1.283) t8.439 5.267 0. 289 N5 a 1/Tl_2(_ p) 6.382 6.0675 % 4.0522) (0.345 2.o853) (0.113 1.129 0.137 2.94 2.877 0.102 0.12 0.185 o.446 -O.000 0.135) (2.251 6.29 !27. 298 o. o353 7.361) Ar 0. cruise centerline FLIGHT h 0 0 0 M o.121 0.145 4.127 0.ooo16 50.oo14 0.0473 0.78 N_a I/T% (_) (o.00091 -o.719) (5.143 car 2.365 5-745 5.423 0.703 5.511 N5 a I/TPl (_#) -0.

067 0.1.994 4.o7o5 4.527 0.89 3.674 O.522 -2.709 -4.098 2.0043 I/Ts 0.0057 -0.000 1.245 4.oo31 N_Sr I/Tpl I/Tp2 (_p) I/Tp3 ((Op) 8.oo41 2.248 -9.293 4.9/48 0.605 2.557 2.0496 o.0143 0.096 .395 (O.o -I 1.88 22.00141 -o.0 -O.187 2.482 -1.49 8.810 1.188 -o.59 4.416 0.01 4.311 --I.63 4.236 O.803 1.0OO16 6 50.09 -6.691 4.ooo63 --o.145 4.519 0.53 -0.64 178.77 11.732 2.97 I .8 --I.OO14 I/TR 3.0063 -o.151 16.ooo5 -0.0302) 0.0 2.1 0.79 16.565 0.O103) 1.305 -o.o6 --3.33 Ap 0.11 --0.OO18 -0.994 --II .00398 -0.0998 0.146 0.56 45.0_71 0.66 3.o748 o.302 0.00082 -0.608) -2.23 117.443 !(-O.16 83.529 5.TABLE RUDDER Note Data &re LATERAL for TRANSFER body-fixed V-E FUNCTION centerline FLI_IT I h 0 M O.346 (1.367) 0.0 8 40.oo561 -0.15 i. FOR cruise _HE T-38 configuration.309 (0.075 2.390 -9.8 3 FACTORS axes.2 7.251 6.456 0.27 2.91 2.065 2.167 3.185 0.206 (0.OLO7 --0.408 i.223 -3.000583 -2.525 2.341 I .24 89.65. 683 -2.827 -4.813 1.94 2.451 -1.215 AS N_r I/T$I (_) I IITrl r ( I/Tr2) a_ (I/Tr3) % 1 .0025 -0.o191 0.0oo92 -o.37 1.027 -6.372 -1. ooi 6 -0.0372 N_Sr 1/TI31 I/%2 II/T03 Aay I/Tay I NS_r I/Tay 2 CG I/Tay 3 I/Ta_% TR-176-1 94.327 10.526 -1.0018 -0.O081) 8.102 0.5 72.114 I .23) 0.193) 0.2o5 161.561 2.000 I .833 0.852 -0.93 113.90 6.08 11.O 0.42 (0.94 3.736 64 159. CONDITION 4 5 0 25.558 0.14 0.29 -0.000 29. 797 -4.0122 0.65 17.8 -0.121 0.0003 -0.536 -3.000 0.11 O.423 I .237 -3.79 I .799 4.31 7.00361 --O.585 o.78 -0.882 7.226 -5-987 -2.OO594 7 50.454 --I.0034 -O.847 4.984 1.72 -o.4 I .0052 -0.133 O.5 17.252 0.502 0.245 --2.o14 -0.2 Ar r N5 r 2.465 0.21 7.275 0.322 0.48 64.00447 3.14 2.0391 0.905 3.O119 -0.I0 4.98 4.02 39.872 (0.373 O.000 1.196 (O.07 -o.O197 I_.196 O.6 2 0.605) -3.00212 -0.013 O.

SECTION F-SA 6_ VI .

tip tanks REFERENCE GEOMETRY X Longitudinal data given at these flight conditions.tanks 40. March 1964 BASIC DATA SOURCES Wind tunnel tests with corrections made per flight test.000 at W.I Figure Vl-] I F-5A (_ONFIGURATIONS GAR-8I - GAR-8 on wing tips Centerline Tank 150gal. 85 0 stores at W. 1. Systems Technology.R. 114.000 w fuel centerllne store Ib stores at W._ .5 50gaL tip tanks T-A - as I with 50% 11" - 20001b I000 7501b X X 20. stores at W.85 h(ft) 7501b. Technical Memorandum No.Nakagawa.25ft c • 7. and J.S.Typical F-SA J=_oon_tudinolAergdynomk_ Data and Transfer Functions for 14 Conditions.5 w_ 0 ° • .S. Inc.5 w w M IJO 50 gal..and 7'e S = 170 ft = b • 25. 239-4.S.5a for conflguratlon.H.see Table E .75 ft REFERENCE I) Jex.5 .I14.S.

Ibs/fte 14 16 18 20 x I00 .4 0 I- 0.6 o._o 1. 1.c_ .4 Q_ 1.2 .0 u .I .8 KI 2O 0._= F -5A I YAW PITCH 8 F-5A o5---2% °'5s*' SCHEDULED SCHEDULED GAINS I L__ GAIN K8 = 0. IO0 I 00 2 4 6 8 I0 Impact Pressure.2 deg/deg/sec 1. Ibs/ft2 80 Figure Vi-2.8 K_ = 1.2 -_ 2O 40 Impoct Pressure.Stabilit_ Au_memtation System 12 qc. 60 q'c.6 p- e- £ \ 0. F-SA -.o .c_ .35 deg/deg/sec I00 1.o \ \ n_ \ O.

5 axes.26 _.7.13 57._ 0.0 1. 700 1o. o00 511 6eo(_g) -I.0 30.875 0.875 I-A 13 II Fuel 50_ 12 II Fuel 50_ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.000 10. FLI_IE 1 ConfiKurat1_ns 0Aa-8 k0.! I _%BLE _q-A _ICAL Rote : S .0 2.000 12.1_0 720 725 570 570 12.170 Data tt 2.0 9.28 51.0 1.0 2.2 8.900 11.000 14.000 30.000 I_.0 12 228 61.000 1 . 15 5O.286 1_-5o 15_I0 10.000 h (_t) 2 G_-8 _O.62 57.05 _55 590 --0.2 2.0 1.000 0._-5 Bz_ke 12 1.15 _55 --I.000 I_.5 0 o.000 )0.70 0. (Ibl_ 2) w (zbs) x@.000 0.000 O.62 57.100 11.9 122 19.900 11.70 0.5 --2.0 3.5 0.8 7.000 0.0 1.0 1. _c' O.12 0.8 1.50 0.8 _0.0 1.5'7 P._00 11. _'_ 2 5 GAR-8 + DL_ Bz_Xe gAa-8 F_ps + Slate 20.2 1o I-A I + Flaps 0 12 0 CCRDITI_ --2.000 0.000 12.875 0.o O. b - 25.15 _ 0.0 21 -1.0 TT E_pty I-A 0.6oo 11.- :.I_" 528 -5.0GO 0.1.0 -60 980 980 1.0 0.5 1.25 0.900 11.8 2.0 2.400 11./w 1.875 70 (_eg) 0 0 o a.52 57.1k --6.0 0.0 4.17 57_ -I .000 17.0 _.6 0. c .73 stability t%.2_ are for body-fixed _.130 1.000 17.g. PAn ZrOR _BE F-_A _o " 0..55 _.000 12._ . _'_ --4.80 11 o 10.0CO ix (_zot) 10./8 70 85O 1210 98o 210 _28 1150 1o.600 11.0_0 5 gAa-8 0 M 0._ .2 0.2 1._ -6o 0.50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.22 12.2 0.77 _._ 521 I_.0 _'Dl_ 20.86 _4. b.000 910 282 17.000 12.2o_ 0.8 _o.87_ 1.15 526 -_. --2.

(_.q_).s'_le _I)om O- t8%'C."R._/_) _o g-g g_'_ L_O "o _t "o o _-_.(v._I_) _o w (_) q 8-1_vo 9 NOLLI G_OD _OIq_ I \D [.- gLLO'O gg_'O 86"o _6"o _o'o _Go'o o o 000'0_ t 8 _o_'o o _d_Ix I v-I o 9_'o 0 o9- 000 tog o GLS"O 0 + g-h'VO 0"_ 8"0 o+_-t 8-h'vO 8-h'VO (we=It) _o _o'_ _'z 8_-g o (w.zoo.Is "o_'0 oC_- O00_-- 0_" L-- O_'t-0 0 8"9-- g'9-- Ot "0- Ot "O- oL9"o- 989 "o_o'o 068OO "0 OgCe" _" L0 O_LL-- ooo_ =.zo..=/_) 0 0 o _o . SaAI:%'_AT.. ooo'o_ wco o on'o _o" _ o_ (_.._b _.llg.9_tO0"O _6LO'O- O_L"0 g'_ _o'o o OCO'O o 0 _'C 8"8 oL'o o 0 ga "o- o o 0 o 0 o _g_'o 9'6"0 _L'O 0 0 og'og'g OOt "0 _9_o'o 9L6"0 _" _.TST.=I_) _ 6_'o oL'o-- g-_ 0_O'0 000 '0_ 6 gt_L"0 _t 8"o _@I _'o 0St "0 o9- 0 0 "_- og_o "o _09 "0 _t 0"6 _0"0 gL8"o gL_ "o _'C 0 _6"L (_. oo_ OOL"0-- o_'_ og'oL69 "_'o o%= T L'6- g'_'L • O- 0 C_'L- o %u'nooo_ _R_. _05"0 g_L'O 8Sg'O o_'o _'g _'0 oL'o C'g C'g Lg "8'-- 98 "9- g'g 0 V-I eL 8"_ o Y-I L-- gg° _g'O 8"L L6LO'O 8iZO'O 8_'o _Lo'o 6Lo'o o o CL8"O X%c_ OL /. 0 o_'o o Ii ii _t _L Lg_'oGLGooo"o 0 0 0 0_0"0 0_0"0 _o'o 0 0 O_'L L_".(_'=/0_o _o6ooo'o o _9_o'o 9"O- _'g 9tl" _. GG'.o'o L_(O "0 LL_O'O /Z'O _g_'o _g'O 0 og'o o ._ _H V_-_I _}_ _ 8SAI&VAI_G XV_OIB/_HI(INO_ E-IA T_II(II%_O. 6 "9- Coo"o- L_8"O _o'o 8"9-- 9_'_-- R_'O- 96_ "o _-g 0t0"0- 0 8"9- OOOc_- _O'L-- GOO'O- 0_90"0 0 9_'L-- o]:_.. aA.._/:) _o w_o t (_) %q (_.IOG._) %0 6Lso'o (Io 0(_ "0 "IO o (_) oz _/8"o ooo'o_ Oh (_.=ll) _)'_b _'o_- LQgO0"O _LL "0 6_'L-- 6- L_ ° [- _8_oo'o ._- g+_LtOO'O 0 _9°8 C _t_O'O _LL "o o_o'o- L'O- G69LO0"O pe%oea.(_..9_'o. _-_-- "_g"t- 0 OL "0- o_9"o_6_oo'o L'6Ot "O- L'o- 6_g"0- gkg"O-- _00" 0 9gtLooo'o 0 0 o_o'o o o 0 Q_O'O o o o _9_ "o 9o_'o L_Zg'O _8"o 0 _'CS o C-g 98"_- _9"_- o'8 _'_ o'L ggr._Oq I ..-" I .- gL'_ gL'_ LL'9- 0 O g'6- o_ t oAt(t- O_'t- 0_0"0 o" _- L-- g_too'o o 6_"L-- g" _L- L'o- o o oLa'O- L'6- gO" 0 _£_'o 00_'0_ OG6- oo_t +_)_"_- %g" t- 9t "0 8"L- o _ _:_ _'i8"C .Z o_'o 8_'g g_'o- 0_" !.

124 o.00805 (I/eee) GAR-8 + Dive Brake C_R-8 40.o3oi -3. _7 -0.0178 o.O o.429 (I18eo) 0.ooo_ -O.000166 -62.87D 0.00(X)891 -0.0408 -0._72 90% 0 -1.o993 -o.875 o.oo838 Bending subscript % _.197 -0.01 O9 -o.289 -o.2 -73.1 -O.2.99 -o.oi 82 -o.7o 0.1 -91.90 0. i O.o919 -I -1.o_o9 -o.119 -99.74 -o.118 X_ O (11sec) -I19 %e (ftlsee21r_a) (11sec-ft) _& (11ft) M_ Note: The transfer equations of (®_)z_ functions Appendix given C with (_)_ 93 Table additional E.0910 -2_6 value + quasi-steady corrections -0.276 coefficient)13 where (_S_)R (PC_n)z_ on msde 30.e in -o.00399 6 +Slats 20._8 -_ .000149 -0.286 o.0198 0 derlvatives I0 -o.0101 -IT_ -0.754 -I .o167 0.0109 -o.61 -O.0822 -_79 .O(X)626 II _1_ 0 -I .oooe66 -_I .000 M Xw o -O •01 R6 -0.OOOO757 O.08 -I .828 -O.70 0._.521 0 and as II -0.0e22 0.m 7_ -o.91 -26.oi 69 -0.00589 0. 9 • (first Fuel 0.00128 o.2_ -I .969 -o.66e o.71_ -0.000 .1 -439 -599 -0.0OO019 -0.ooo_77 -16.4oI -0.0000599 GAR-8 COIDITION ? I 1._88 -0.KazZ_ : (_--_)Z__ the above for Inertial (First (DC_aln)_ -o.00892 -14.o14-4 -o.gc) are based corrections + Uo_(z_-z@%) . 875 9 3 CAR-8 F-gA included.16 -63.o_Yo -o.8 -o.oi87 8 + Flaps 0 -24.000o176 -0.c964 -0.7 -0.667 -o.o138 I-A O -0.20_ -o._'P9 -97.000 _ I-A 0 0 0.873 O.0174 -o.O00_6e (llsec-ft) I -o.o_oI -o.40 0.8 0.00099 O.22 0.296 -1.0975 -o.91 -0.Olge -2._ooa -o.0001_I -e4._) o.9 o.eo_99 -26.9_ 0 -o.000114 -0.0.001 -14.05 (11se_) -0.879 1.(_o09 -0.000 O ._-3 I TABLE Oh VI-C I LONGITUDINAL Note : Data are for body-fi_ed stability axes.0909 .O000_a7 follows: R _ rigld-body aeroelastic -0.000109: -0.o001 + 9 I-A Dive Brake -o.10 -o.0696 -_e9 -I 81 -78.7 .o6o9 -0.979 -o.oo589 zw (llsec) -0.c_2? -0. quasi-steady aeroelastic corrections DI)_SIGNAL D_IVATIVES FOR Configurations GAR-8 h (ft) 40.9o8 o.9_o -O.000 -o.0362 =_I IBm Empty El @_ +TT _t_ -0.C_93 -0.000162 red/ft/sec 2 o.90 0.25 -0. FLIGW_ 2 THE coefficient) R Ka z : -.86 _9 Fuel 0 -o.000o176 -0.oi17 0.ooo_7 -17.045Z -o.o9o9 O.9 the corrected _3 -O.1 -99.3 _e (11sec2/r.00061 -0.0000199 -0.6 -9.oo_47 -O.0 o.888 -i .ooo_8 0.0e76 0.0_ -0.

25 1.26_ 0.o538) o o 0 0 O 0 0.0159 0.29 _p NI _ 0.42 -2.243 0.5/-60 1 4. 81 20. I 0.161 79.257 (o.o714 11 9 -14.50 4._ 17.4 ACe -14.142 o. 58 2.75 9_.0/0 1 9.O509 0._ I.59 3.1 273 -26._-_ -0.1o6 0.0/0 14.95 0.025_ -11.000 M 1.9 62.6 99.5 0.I 82 0.478 -294 100 98.155 (0.6o 0.5o 12.6 8.233 610 0.6 2.06 2.o476 120 355 -18.819 0.0673 0.0/0 1 7.68 -68.0225 0.286 -14.5o9 51 3 O.0559 27.1 0.139 24.0964) 0.128 -68.0 -_.6 0.OOO 2.72 O 0 •204 525 -I 21 Awe N_e 0.2 0.00410) (0.05 0.0534 0.000 0.50 0.197 o.O516 o. 991 O.1165 (o.o536 4.4_ 0.o622) 180 o.65 _sp 0.157 o.199 0.1 4 -5.05 1.81 -4.0461 o.78 4.984) 0.7 I_5 244 101 0.O5O5 0.115 0.4 O.0576) 438 0.o432 0.43 -5.000 o.0 a' 0 I/T_' el (°_el I/T_'_2 (.15 0.000 0.8 o o o (o.04 8.0 O.970 2.1 0.0.1o8 0.0781 17.22 30.116 o.4 -14.O721) O.84 ) 0 10.9 0.1 _ o.285 0.000 0.0110 -9.1285 0.o_8 0.16 _. FOR corrections THE F-SA have been made Bending FLIGHT CONDITION I I 2 5 4 5 6 7 8 9 I0 11 12 !3 14 Oh I h (ft) 40.O110 o.280 0.olo I 0.O269 -I .76 4.91 1-47 O..3 0.6 -I 57 -i 54 210 29.02_4.o_ 8o -7. 724 -_.72 12.04 1.0O309 J_e 0.0 1 2.703 0. _6 0.0379 22.01 6_ 0.6 I . 474 -17.0555 O.000 0.55 -52. 379 -9.129 0.74 2.0/0 I 0.0750) -80.03585 (0.15 2.0/0 11.15 5e I/Tuel 0.9 95.000 %p a_p (I/Tpl _T e I •40 1.7 54.270 14.6 -610 -474 -24.0618 18.5 1 3.666 93. 5 (-0.0381 255 96.5 146 0.70 0.79 2.000 o.0585 I/_'_I I/The2 NsZ 4.95 5.0170 0.0OO 0.12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 • 875 o.8 -o.0720 -5.01o8 (0.0680 0.oo778 I/T%2 0.159 -26.6 O.22 0.25 8. 357 -79.17 2.O5O5 o.116 O.0276 1_.22 0.0432 -8.05 7.95 -8.053O) (-0.01_D -15.TABLE LONGiTUDL-_AL Note : Data for are for Inertial 0ody-fixed TRANSFER stability VI-D FUNCTIONS a_es.6o 1.4 21.I 88 0.3 -17.5O 5.000 -71.04_2 O.3 -I 01 lO_ 0.9 12.165 o.1 26.810 -0.8 1 9.o_68 -o._32 0.111 o.56 -11.31 3.1_ 0.7 0.0761 (0.o117 0.8 124.223 0.000 o.215 0.5/-60 I 0.000 0. 0.25 -12.5 0. 325 (-0.01 80 0.8 0.6 I/_3 -18o 168 I _I (-o.O661 145 -246 -244 (-O.6 I/_eeI 0.2 55.olo 1.0499 15.7 c.0108 -186 -515 -438 1 51 0.io_) 0._8 -4.o6o_ o.0 -67.19 -9.875 _z/7o (de_) Wt.0809 121 Abe O.101 22.197 0.0 0.O/0 17.0995 -2_._5 O._ 26_ -99.484 O.9 -0.0699 .98 8.o 13.82 0.210 ! "_! -_ .O571 O.05465 0.105) 238 0.6 346 0 o o.262 0.'zel Cpi ot o -_2.0613 o.1 9.602 0.0501 0.000 0.O82O o.22 5.0_7 (I/Tp2) 0.oI_ 0.126 o.450 I.0871 0.05 9.I 57 24.118 o.9_2 -4.6 84.147 O.91 4.000 1.5 0.0852 o.0718 -0.81 0. 0.0/O 1 4.5 -12.580 I/Tue2 586 1/Tw e I aWe _w e _ 03 (I/T_e2) (I/Tve3) 0.oo3o9 12.o -19._5 8.2 -17.0117 0.8 1.000 20.000 4.O555 (-0.6 0.885 Aue 0.266 0.0969 0. 03 _ -64.4 0.o563) (o.512 0.0457 I.875 20._9 4.145 0.o18o 9-7o 8.15 0.67 95.1 4 0.000 I 0.286 1.46 O.875 0.olo 1. 1.o O.121 O.70 0.969 -288 o.26 3 • 3O -6.22 5.0/0 17.0355 lO5 129 o.0OO CG A 0 40.olo 0.0856 (-0. 0202 o.0 1 5.

.

SECTION VII F-I04 Preceding pageblank 75 .

000 4 .53ft REFERENCES Unpubllsh_Dota 1.84 VMAx 5 VMAX Sea Level On -15 ° Leading E_e Flaps 30.046 .040 xcslc Tlp External Tanks Pylon Loterol 196 : s ft = C = 9.18 Cleon Clean On On Clean Clean Cleon -3o -3o .000 15.0 Clean dofo not ovoiloble REFERENCE l Note: 30.000 23.3 ° IS ° .i Figure ch Vii- ] F-104 I FLIGHT CONDITIONS I 2 3 Takeoff Start Cruise End Cruise h(ft) Sea Level M .000 1.000 .9 1.9ft 30.36 14.3 ° 0 ° 0° 0° GEOMETRY b = 21.000 On 15° Trailing Edge .18 Sea Level .960 15.510 .18 .273 W(Ib) 24.

_'s+l -- YAW" I r F-104 TS+I Figure T_:. F.PITCH " 8 r _ep F-104 ROLL" F-104 L _s __.i<)l_ -- Stability 7> Augmentation System .176-1 VIi-2.

0 2.1 7o (_eg) IO 0 O o 0 e o (deg) 29./_ ]]0.9 ft FLIGHT ] FOR THE F-I04 CONDITION 2 START CRUISE 3 END CRUISE Vmax 5 Vmax SEA LEVEL Sea Level 30.53 ft axes .1 ft 2 . 000889 4 14. 65O 56.273 o.ooo 15.0 1.O46 O.000 23.0 2.1 so (deg) TR-176-1 76 .18 0.36 a (ft/seo) 1117 995 995 995 1117 TAKEOFF h (St) (slugs/ft 3) 0. 31o 746 724.00238 VT° (ft/sec) 3o5 _= _v2/2(ib/ft 2) w (ib) m (slugs) ly (slug-ft 2) Xo.040 0.6 4. PARAMETERS stability c = 9.9 I .650 19.0 1.0 1.960 465 466 64.00238 836 995 1892 1519 31o 44O 159o 2740 15. 65o O.000 O .ooo 24.000 Sea Level M (-) 0. O00 30.4 1.4 1.5 o.000 30.000889 0.TABLE VII-A GEOMETRICALAND Note: Data INERTIAL are for body-fixed S = 196.18 466 56. b = 21.500 56.g.18 o.5 65.84 1.6 4.0oo889 O .

99 -3 •04 -2.84 I. 04 0.97 5.44 4-.TABLE LONGITUDINAL Note: Data are for NONDIMLmNSIONAL body-fixed VII-B DERIVATIVES stability FLIGHT I h (ft) 0 2 FOR THE F-104 axes.10 2.045 0 0 0 CD6e Cm_ --I.000 30.o38 0 0 o.6O 77 --4. 042 0. 564 -i.o383 O.9 I .92 4.045 4. 071 0 0.oo5 0 0 0 0 0 Cm M Cmct TR-176-I -5.762 1 . 6925 CL6e CD_ CD M I 0.255 -I .615 --8.8o Cmc_ --3•44 -3.000 0 M (-) o.825 .18 CL(_ eL& 0 0 C_ 0 0 O.1375 o. 185 o.342 O.496 -I .O15 I.90 -4.000 30.319 -I.o365 O.040 O. 125 o.O3 --8.237 0.59 -6.0 1.8035 0 O o. 0278 CD O.1094 0.0255 0 o. CONDITION 3 4 5 30.36 CL 1.041 0.

36 -0. 0688 0 -o.0136 o 0 -o. 0209 0.TABLEVII-C LONGITUDINAL DIMENSIONAL DERIVATIVES FORTHEF-IO4 Note: Data are for body-fixed stability axes.000 1. 607 -I. 94 MBe (I/sec2) --4.0142 -o. 0234 O. FLIGHT 2 I TAKEOFF (ft) M(-) Xu (I/sec) xw (I/see) XB e [(ft/sec2)/rad] Zu (I/see) z_ (-) Zw (I/see) ZBe [(ft/sec2)/rad] Sea Level CONDITION 3 START CRUISE END CRUISE 30. 273 0.21 -927 0 Mu (I/see-ft) M_ (11ft) Mw (11sec-ft) Mq (11sec) -0. 0211 0 --0.115 O.0 4 Vmax 30.3 -199 0 O --0.84 -0.2 --140 _-176-1 78 -o.67 -17.O106 -0.9 0 -O.000239 -0.000212 -0.504 -0. 0573 o.0224 -0. 000375 -0. o00349 -0. 279 -O.000 30.8 -57.412 -o.05 -464 o 5 Vmax SEA LEVEL Sea Level I. IO7 O. 107 .o156 -0. 0271 0 -1. 0422 0 --3. I -85.959 --22.214 -o. 0228 -0.0348 -O.o513 0 o o -0.0005 6 -0.598 -0.000 o.8 -30.0352 -0.440 0 1.

0 -14o I/Te I o.76 TR-176-1 5 Vm_ TAKEOFF END CRUISE -_.17 -22.o01 O.2o6 O.00833) o.51 -2.61 24.8 -30.812 O. o217 927 0.220 o.0(0) I0.3 46_ o. I 13.275 (0.0185 0.310 14.000 30.0_07 (0. 102 0.01_ 0. 102 0.7 .6 3. THE F-I04 axes FLIGHT Mach FOR 79 o.00816 II_2 5.1o7) -17.83 8.-fixed stability FUNCTION FACTORS Altitude.TABLE E_ATOR Note: Data are for LONGITUDINAL VII-D TRANSFER hod .000 18 4.O914 0.8 199 89.37 I/Tu I -0. _sp Along _sp _p (I/Tpl) N_e Vmax O.269 0.277 (0.7 -12.133 0.41 -1o. 126 2.7 -57.36 30. CG M (--) h (ft) (_ o) Weight. 0237 o .o4w) (o.19 2.21 3.9 -_.107) 21.o932 0.00967) (0.7 13.o966 O.7 -85.55 -6.115 I/Te 2 o. 197 0.48 4.2 --22. 140 o.000 0.03 11.O4O2 (o.0476) (O.9 -8.2 -_6_ -927 23_ 231 o. I Aw I/Tw I _w (1/Tw2) a_ ( 1/T1_3 ) _.o_78 o.115 29.21 9.0 23..161 O.0o959) (o.6 W (ib) CONDITION 3 2 I No.16 o.3 -199 175 1.273 O.26 I .000 30.29 -19.0 1.008o8) O.o971 IITI_ i 0.8 --62.432 o.66 Ae 4 START CRUISE 4.000 Sea Level Sea Level 24.960 SEA LEVEL 18 18 15. 767 2.00 -4.11 -113 -85.0391 I/Tu2 6.147 0.9 1.2 -_3.7 -2.84 1.

.

SECTION VIII F-IOSB Precedingpageblank 81 .

_" leael oos xVHA qoooJddv JeMOd g t.l_-_ "lO60gt.S AUI3N039 30N3_333_ suo//lPUOO $$$qi lo o/qDIIDAD lou olop IOJ_qo7 • 0 o9_ 0 0 o9t_ eSp3 ENJH!oJJ.£ 0£_'1t_ O£Z'lt_ I'. 6" O00'G£ 6" O00'g£ "lD6099-1 UOl._ O00'Ote ItP.L £ .6p3 _Jp¢_l UOOlO UOOlO UOelO "lcNSOg.05o(3 poqsllqndun $:10N3_13-13_i IJ. gg£ .(d 5UlM eUllJO.X':l o/so x 19_" IO^Ol ooS (ql)M" IN ($_) q j.l squo£ oJ cO IOUJO.I SNOIklQNO0 8goI--I L-IlIA _Y_ CHglld r_ I _0 p-I E-_ . o oOZ o o oOZ .UOO sdOl.g'll = 0 #_6"_£ = q zl_.-Z UOOlO UOelO UOOlO "1o60g9-1 80£" 80£" eO£" g6.Z .oeNo._" g6Z" OL£'g£ 000'0£ 0L£'.

.17(.1 VIII-2. Kpr = Fixed gains Ka = Scheduled function of impact pressure Pigmre T_.15s+l K_..05 i T I K_} = Scheduled of impact function pressure qc Kp = Scheduled function of impact pressure qc ROLL' F-105 YAW' P / _rp ay 8r F-105 ... 4..PITCH • 8 -_(_ _ep Se_- F. qc F-I05- gtabilit:F 83 Aug_nent_tion System . Ks 1.

TABLE GEOMETRICAL Note: AND INERTIAL Inertia data are for S = 385 ft 2. ooo587 O.3 1117 968.2 0 3. 300 1 2_ 600 I0_ 300 41.9 VIII-A PARAMETERS principal ft.0OO 5 POWER APPROACH CLEAN CLEAN Sea 40.0 5.37O 1098 932 1098 Io.000738 291 875 875 269 2030 IO0 283 283 86 1210 30.4 7.000 35./_ 2) 0 0 o 0 0 O.g.1 973.5 0. 3o8 o. 295 o.2 3.ooo 177. 00o 140 _000 140. 308 7.9 O.4 7. 00237 35.5 (deg) 10.0 0. 3o8 o.241 2.00237 o.261 a 1117 (ft/sec) o (slugs/ft3) VTo (ft/sec) 0v2/2(lb/ft 2) w (ib) O. FLIGHT I FOR 41 _23o 128o 128o 8 _700 8 _700 35. C = 2 TAKEOFF h (ft) Sea Level M (-) o.000 181 .000 185.5 .2 7.9 0.000 14o.D ft CONDITION 4 3 END CRUISE C LEAN 35. b = 34. 00o738 o . O00 F-105B 11.0 7o TR-176-I 84 -5.37o Ix (slug-ft 2) ly (slug-ft 2) 140.000 I z (slug-ft 2) 185.230 m (slugs) START CRUISE THE axes.000 Level Vmax 0.3 973.000 140.0 0 0 eo (deg) 17.2 7. 295 O.000 181 _000 Ixz (slug-ft Xc.

406 --17.60 --o.261 Xu (I/sec) -0.9 -0. FLIGHT h FOR .466 -0.1719 5 40.0132 0 -0. O1 25 2 -0.TABLEVIII-B DI_[F_ _.o3 85 O -0.485 --12.3 -65 •19 -75.0265 o 0 o --0.1585! Zw Z8 e Mu (I/sec) [ (ft/sec2)/rad] (I/sec-ft) o 35.311 -0. 003£4 -0. 0000119 0 Mw ( 1/sec-ft) -0.o264 -0.97 -I 9. 000259 -O. Note: Data are for _- body-fixed stability 1 TAKEOFF (ft) M (-) Se& Level 0.(I/ft) M6e F-IOSB END CRUISE CLEAN 0 0 (-) 2 ThE axes.241 0.029 Xw (1/sec) 0.- -0.000 35.000 2. OO4 68 -o . 345 --2.0oooo5 -0.485 -12.88 L] 35.303 -2.00751 0.9 -0.00565 O. 0000101 -0.7o3 -21.0793 XSe Zu [ (ft/sec2)/rad]! (]/see) -0.0 35 .03 -0.59o -0.1 -0. oo582 o -0.o86 0 -0. oooo 198 -0.oo819 -o .0263 o.000259 -0. 00011 7 -O.LJlJAL DERIVATIVES j LONGITUDINAl.05 27 Level o.319 -0.4 -O .9 -0.01386 0 -o.000 Sea 0.000117 (I/sec 2) CONDITION POWER APPROACH CLEAN Mg.00575 Mq (1/see) TR-176-I 4 3 START CRUISE -_0. 00693 o.

lateral avaiJ able for flight conditions I and 2.5 -i.9 Yv( 0.38 18.0021 O.000 Sea CLEAN I/sec) [(_/seo)/r_d] Y_r [(I/sec)/r&d] I/sec 2 ) I/see) L_ (I/see) 2) L_ (I/see L_ -0. 185 i .81 I/see) _ (I/see) N ' (I/see 2) 6a (I/seo 2) _r TR-176-I -0.00173 0.1878 -0.251 -0.71 -0.71 3.000 2.97 I/see 2 ) 12.989 86 data not .14 i . 08 6 -0.277 -I.975 -I . 339 -4.39 4. 0729 O. FLIGHT CONDITION 4 3 END CRUISE CLEAN POWER APPROACH 35.86 12.709 40.382 --0.966 IO.213 -0. 1497 Level o.8 I . 00221 O. 0241 -21 .TABLEVIII-C LATERALDIMENSIONAL DERIVATIVES FORTHEF-IO5B Note: Data are for body-fixed stability axes.241 0.72 26.324 O.1 -0.37 2. 1341 -0.5 (I/sec 2) 14. 0837 -I 39.242 --0.8 -3.1 -2.386 -i.0234 --_1.

37 -7..1435 0.338 2.9 o.433 -o.000 35.355 o.2 3o.5 29.0225 0.o8 0.o6 {p 0.452 --2.367 N_e 0.241 5 Vmax CLEAN 2.0 -696 -55.9 44. START CRUISE 4 3 END CRUISE CLEAN POWER APPROACH CLEAN 0. M (--) Altitude CG (¢ Weight.1869 0. 004 66 O.02 -65.60 -I 2.000 29. 0372 0.03 --I2.230 35.49 12. 01292 O.511 1.0201 --2.00891 0.80 7.0 19.792 2.0297 0.0893 _sp 1.71 2.0642 o.200 O.70 --21.398 0.28 65.02 -2.335 --1.000 35.9 35. 00439 0.0429 O.370 _sp o.1 o.044 o.253 0.266 1/T.88 8.9 I/Th I O. 1342 0.1247 0.07 3.2 -76.1026 O.230 41.261 2 CONDITION (ib) Sea Level Sea Level 40. FLIGHT I TAKEOFF Mach No.1295 o.438 1.1258 o.000 Along A9 1/Te 1 1/Te 2 -1.9 o.5 3o.48 --3.8 --15.89 1/Tw 1 315 _e TR-176-I 87 -12.0742 0.88 135.0 -19.o631 O.508 --1.708 1/Tu1 1 .94 -65.2 76.TABLEVIII-D ELEVATOR LONGITUDINAL TRANSFER FUNCTION FACTORS FORTHEF-IOSB Note: Data are for body-fixed stability axes.2 -135.88 -17.2 162 -139 36.37o 30. 2 -17.998 5.49 I/Th 3 3.1016 o.27 0.01094 0. 129 0.0 0.29 -7.0204 17. 1287 0.8 .00737 I/Th 2 -3.00827 0.1838 O.1819 0.281 o.o18 0.8 41.002 h (ft _) W 0.0223 0.8 30.OO6] 0.

277 1/Trl --I.339 Ar -i.686 -0.. FLIGHT C OND ITION 4 3 END CRUISE CLEAN MachNo.524 -1.370 7.13 1.7 88 0.276) i.1379 _a 1/T#2 ([_) I/T_ 3 (_) TR-176-I (-o.00221 O. 674 3.718 1. 0635 0.655 -133.72 26. M (--) Altitude.o86 -0.2 3o.465 0. 1531 _d 3.5 o.6o0 _r I . 00210 -0.13 4.101 0. 0545 o.TABLEVIII-F AILERONLATERAL TRANSFER FUNCTION FACTORS FORTHEF-IOSB Note: Data are for body-fixed stability axes.8 (ib) 35.16 Ap 10.00631 I/T R 2.3 N5 a (r o.00870 Level 5 Vmax CLEAN 2.1 40.0573) (0.000 (_ _) Weight.71 3.0 (deg) l/ms -0.370 5. lateral data not available for flight conditions I and 2.95 _a 0. ca _o h (ft) W 0.382 2.398 1.0744 2. POWER APPROACH CLEAN 30.00174 --622 1/T#1 --0.503 -I .29 2.000 3o.241 o.44 --1.87 1.9 Sea 35.2 3.658 6oi .564 o.OLO3 0 N_a _p r o.8 30.184 O.000 35.ooo676 0. 1427 0.5 Alat 0 l/Tpl O.

838 0. .342 0.4 63 2. flight conditions FLIGHT Mach FOR 40.13 4. _o (lb) W 5 Vmax CLEAN 0.01 O3 0 (deg) Alat P Nf_) r 1/%1 0 1/%2 -I.0241 0..00369 1.0103 1/% 2 1.00538 -0. 63 I.000 F-IOSB CONDITION 3 END CRUISE CLEAN THE stability axes.241 2.9 30.975 -1.8 Weight.0545 o.45 _d 0.97 O.371 2.86 12.000676 o.8 35.1601 0.000 35.0 5.31 _r _r 4r TR-176-1 1/T_1 0. Altitude_ M (--) 4 POWER APPROACH h (ft) o.2 30.13 1.0233 0.0395 0.37 2.TABLE RUDDER lATERAL Note: Data data TRANSFER are not VIII-F FUNCTION for body-fixed available for FACTORS No.370 lateral 1 and CLEAN Sea 35.738 -0.29 2. 82 -I .5 I/Ts --O. 109 -I.848 I.1 Level 30.6 89 37O 2.246 0.014 I.499 1/%3 I .370 7.2 3.989 Ar 1/Trl --4.259 O.OO87O 0.1028 -0.1531 _d 3.71 1.382 2.36 -0.184 0.000 30.927 1/% 3 203 140.16 % 14.oo631 I/T R 2.

.

""4 ?RECED_F_G PAG! SECTION B-58 Precedingpageblank 91 IX NQI" _L_AED .

GGC/E E/64-5. Bombers BI-B70" Unknown Directional System'.J.] B-58 I I NOMINAL CRUISE FLIGHT CONFIGURATION CONDITIONS See Table 1T-A 50. .' 2) Anon. Nov. B.2 1. Fort Worth. 1962 4-049. .000 <D REFERENCE 0 GEOMETRY _" 0 ..6 2. EIIIngton.S."U.. 3) Jones."Applicotlon Selfodoptlve Stobillty Concept Augmentation to the B-58 Thesis..D.8 ft c • 36.000 20.NB-58 Flight Control SOURCE of the Limit-Cycle Lateral May 1964 FZE- Aero Publishing Inc.Figure IX.S.000 I0.000 h(ft) X 30.2 ft REFERENCES I) Bright.8 M 1.0 S = 1542 ft = b • 56. Air Force Institute of Technology.4 . L.E. 1962 .000 X 40. Dyn. System". Gen.

Convair Report IX-2. Stability severol modificotions..Number K 2 . 196=?. The Dec. K 9 .Goins Scheduled for Altitude (Air doto computer r ___L not shown) The Augmentotion System is of 1962 os documented vintoge for this oirplone Figure is known to hove undergone in GD.. Ke. K4. K5. -- B-58 FZE 4-052.Gains Scheduled for Moch.. KT. Kjo. being the Iotest Augmentation System system shown ovoiloble doto .ROLL PITCH I 8 I B-58 ) YAW L_ / ay NOTE : K s . K 3 . K 6 ..

{{'0 {{'0 0{'0 0 0L9'90_' O00_6_OCL O00_690_L O00_?O_L 000 c06 L O00_OgL 000 _4?0 _ t 6L_- 000_690_L 699_ 99L¢ O00'OgL O00_06L O00_OgL 000 _06 L_L Lg_L 9LOL 9LOL ( S %$-gnIS ) zxI _L e69'619 gg9_ °z (s_p) 0{0_07 _97 0o6 96{ o 090 'o66 ?_{'6{{ 099'99{ {9{'{9{ L9{ L o{s'697' L o/'©Ox 9S'O 969' LLg'6_OLL'90_'L _9_ "0 0 OL_'LO_'L 6L_' 669*1 _ 0 s_L CO L 067_90_L 9_ "0 (_%j-_uIS) oko'o{? Zl ( g %J-gnIS ) £I ( _q.a-_=-Es ) xz O00_06L (SqT) S_L oh g9LL gggO00 "0 6L6 699000"0 L99 9{6L 9L?ooo'o 494000"0 kk{¢oo'o LL{eoo'o 996 466 996 996 LLLL LLLL LLLL ¢'t 96'0 0"¢ t6"O t6"O t6"O ¢{'0 000'0_ 000'0{ 00_'_ 000'0_ o o o { _ L L 9 6 _ MOI$1QZO0 (_/S_T_) LL{¢oo'o o (o_s/%#) (-) (_) q SHO!ff£ %J LL'9{ = o :%j sg"9g = ct :e%j S?g'L <o b- = S : o%oz 96-_ Z}KZ HO£ _ZmZIgV_V£ V-XI Z_I_V_ _IVOIKZZNOZ© .

0545 kO k_ C_ -0. 053O -0. 0232 O.0551 -0. 0954 O.08655 0.01241 -0.01227 0.2312 -0.0187 O.32 o. 6395 -0.2611 -0.3 1016 1016 880. O35 63 --0. 1029 0.04215 Cnr -0. 0929 O.007395 0.01382 -0. 1936 -0.91 0.o 0.03713 -0.01082 -0.0851 -0.001927 0.0624 O. 6275 -0.200 6 30.2 975 1161.7665 -0.03207 0. 6375 -0. 1584 -O.9 1936.07207 -0.2317 -0.2173 -0.09543 -0.7 -0. 06415 -0.98 i. 03561 -0. 0527 O.O633 -0.2494 -0.2823 Cn6 a -0.732 VTo (ft/sec) Cy_ -0. 674 4 5 44.000 7 40. 03318 -0.91 2.01328 0. 1862 O. 1511 0. 1242 0.08568 0.0890 O.-a FLIGHT CONDITION o_ I I 2 3 h (ft) 0 0 0 40_ 000 M (-) o.1158 C_p -0.02935 -0.08553 O. 05725 0.000 -0.0788 O. 0664 -0. 1014 O. 1041 -0.TABLE LATERAL Not e : NONDIMENSIONAL Data are for body-fixed IX-B STABILITY stability DERIVATIVES axes_ cruise FOR THE B-58 configuration. 09275 Cn6 r -0.00729 0.01782 0. 1585 -0. I .04479 -0.06118 0. 0405 -0.003115 0. 1102 0. 1117 Cnp -0. 1143 -0. 03255 .0729 O. 1576 -0. 1071 -0.2868 -0. 0725 -0.2132 -0. 68075 0. 1791 Cyst O.801 CYSa O.03942 -0. 1790 0.2449 -0. 1096 -0.0078 CuB O.2107 -0. 03317 -0. 02038 -0.2 357. 1345 -0.1112 0.91 o.2238 C_r C_$ a 0.04043 -0.03892 -0.0010 C_6 r 0.

0293 -0.413 --2.159 -0.157 f NSr -0.00613 -5.0388 --O.o229 0.194 ! LSr configuration.29 -2.OOO 2.614 -0.76 -0.884 -1.o116 0.0631 --0.o69 -0.2 -0.71 0.o -o.198 --0.575 -8.0131 0.459 -o.589 -1.895 2.0201 0.789 0.27 B-58 0.932 N{a 0.865 -0.09 _e YSa Y * _r ! Lr 0 40. o.02 N_ --0. 424 -i.524 O.98 -0.63 -0.381 0.32 --0.91 o.oo356 o.021 -2.91 0.953 0.I05 N_ -0.669 _ .222 -0.538 -11.105 7 40.516 0.654 --3.71 --5.09 o. o356 -13.0141 -0.108 13.0382 o. 238 -0.394 -i i. 0267 0.000 1.OO473 -O.946 1.426 THE CONDITION 4 (ft) FOR 2.395 I1858 I_ -o.19 -11.909 -1.14 --7.221 0.317 3.736 -0.000 0. 251 -0. 278 -7.o153 o.828 -16.608 1.o962 o.oo287 O.818 1.965 o.198 -4. 6o3 0.91 6 44.08 -0.00814 o.597 o. cruise FLIGHT H (-) 0.986 -2. 0578 ! L5 a --0. 163 -0.0212 LO O_ L_ 0 -0.200 3O.724 o.875 -23.469 -I.231 -0.202 -O.313 3.214 -3.TABLE LATERAL Note: I Data for body-fixed DIMENSIONAL stability -4 O_ I IX-C DERIVATIVES axes.748 1.212 --3.o654 5 o.

91 O.865 1.909 1.994 98.0296 _d i.845 o.420 -0.398 5.249 --0._) (4.082 --0.0171 _a I/T#3 -9.oi65 0.40 I-98 I.02 -O.0838 -O.096 0.0267 O.331 -2.017 I/TR 0.798 -O.0784 0.889 0.467 70.883) 86.021 -2.1616 1.89 (6.183 0.127 1.896) 97 -o.458 (-2.35 I .87 0.597 -3.097) .029 0.695 0.o58 0.698 1.148 -4.174 -O.191 --O.75 0.126 I .197 -1.69 O.796 2.192 O.018_ -0.217 2.920 (-2. I04 1.194 -9.81 Ap -3.12 -0.226 0.32 0.7_) (-3.687 _a 0.009 o.026 0.00287 0.198 0.213 --0.19 0 I/Tp 1 _p Ar r i 1/T R 0 0.o193 0.983 1.91 2.938 -o.892 (-6.210 -0.085 0.993 0.802 0.036 i/T_2 (_2) I.89 0.044 0.000 40.255) (2.2 I/Ts 0.677 1. 0202 -O. 654 0.927) 131.15 -0.002 -I.0772 o.0978 0.063 23.618) 0.00O 44.602 0.008 0.37 7.678 -0.881 1.516 --11.OO9 o.403 3.295 1.0134 0.132 0.200 30.0 0.965 -7.000 0.274 3.64 81.481 0.00426 0.556 0.8) (3.TABLE IX-D AILERON Note: IATERAL TRANSFER FUNCTION FACTORS Data are for body-fixed FOR THE B-58 stability axes.927 1.797 0.161 -0.0O86 0.948 0.073 I/T81 (_8) 0.953 0 0 -13.413 -2.1624 -0.472 60.03 493.0356 o.934 N5 a (r 0.46 9. cruise configuration FLI(_IT CONDITION h (ft) M (-) Np 5a 2 3 4 9 6 7 0 o 0 40.98 1.0941 I/T#2 (_B) 2.144 0.0334 0.0212 0.151 I •786 2.498 --0.91 0.17 13.42 I.99 26.733 (-3.o21 0.839 CG _ay3 ( I/TaY3) a_y 3 ( I/Tay 4 ) TR-176-1 --0.42 1/Tay 1 (_ay2) 0.19 0.29 0.3) (4.73 36.897 0.

788) 0...0334 0.91 O..886 -0..00689 -0.0165 o.TABLE IX-E RUDDER lATERAL TRANSFER FUNCTION FACTORS FOR _{E B-58 Note: Data for body-fixed stability axes..0149 -0.446 1.669 38.126 -0.649 0.79 0.748 (-4.946 I.o o.00355 0.597) (4.317 _r 0.614 -0.665 0.05 113. cruise configuration FLIGHT CONDITION h (ft) 3 4 5 6 7 0 0 0 40..009 o.181 3.91 O..o_96 I...713 4.9oi -0..556 0.00613 -0 .537 (--3.8O2 0.62) (3.607 I ..000 40.589 -I •069 -0...o134 0.0032 139-37 152.693 o.266 -0.108 I .431 131.126 I ..698 1.399 2.hO3 3..00709 I/T_2 0.0135 -0.329 3.167 -0.o 0.608 I.0229 -0.O0445 0.84 7.2 I/Ts 0.000 44.486) (-9.O561 -0.1o 0..433 -3.247 -3..255 0.319 2.813 23. 789 0.09 o.884 I.81 0.40 1.828) (5-915) 1.058 0.204 -2.818 3.793 248.534 % O.98 1.46 (--1.91 _.243 (-4..144 0.200 30..00426 0.885 0.482 I .0086 O.986 0.796 2.32 M (-) A I I/Tr -5.338) .337 -0.O116 0..0382 0.859 --2.554 I/Tp3 2.0229 O.88 -0.303 7.j1 (_aY2) 51.06 11.959 N5 r I/T01 -0.574 o.44 -1.14) (3.2_26 -o.43 4.0966 -0.0131 .527 1.436 0.008 N_ r I/T_3' Aay I/Ts.553 o.42 1.615 0.179) (I.394 (--2.o17 I/TR 0.786 -0.394) (--3.O122 -O.o0171 -0.969 --4.492) (2..932 I. 669 -3.313 o. I/Troy2 (a_y2) CG _ay3 (I/TaY3) °_y 3 (1/T&y 4) TR-176-1 0.58 1.0772 O.687 _d 0.662) 0.926) (5-398) 98 0.0043 -0 .355 150..026 o.362 0.711 O.0131 O.326 0.044 0.000 O.518 0.00814 Ar r 2 0.636 0.964 _r -3.173 6.065 9.365 -O..748 I/TPl 0 0 0 0 O 0 0 I/Tp2 --2.O167 0.

flFDTION X NAVION 99 .

7 ft b = 33.4 ft GEOMETRY .5 % MAC Tx = 1048 slug ft 2 Ty = 3000 slug ft 2 Tz = 3530 slug ft z Ixz = 0 REFERENCE 0 S = 184 ft z c = 5. M = . VTo = 176 ft/sec Ibs CG at 29.Figure X-I NAVION I NOMINAL FLIGHT CONDITION oh I h(ft) = 0 .158 W = 2750 .

564 CL& 0 CYSa CLM 0 CYSr CLSe 0.4 M (--) 29.198 M (-) o.7 are axes FLIGHT ( sl_-_ STABILITY NAVION body-fixed b (ft) m X-C O.g.TABLE X-A GEOMETRICAL FOR Note: S PARAMETERS THE Data stability TABLE NAVION for axes. 1342 C_5 r O. 0118 Cn_ o.o575 Cnr -0.4 c (ft) w (ib) 2.44 Cy6 (ft/sec) (deg) -0.96 Cmq i01 ..000 (slugs) e.0717 0 0 O.o48 (-_lug-_ 2) 3.o74 CDc_ 0.5 2) I. 1o7 CDSe O C$5 a O. 05 c_o CL= 4. 158 (ft/see) P (slugs/ft 1117 3) 0.750 (ft) 85.36 M o -9.930 0 stability I h (ft) 0 0. 158 CL 0. X-B TABLE LQN.GIT_INAL DERIVATIVES NONDIMEN_IONAL FOR THE NAVION Note: are lATERAL NONDIMENSIONAL DERIVATIVES FOR THE level flight Data stability _8o (ft 2) for Data axes 33.330 C_p -0.410 CDM O C_r O. 197 0 (ft) M a 1 h for FLIGHT CONDITION CONDITION 5.125 Cn5 a -0.41 VTo 176 CD O.002378 VTo (ft/see) 176 -4=VTo2/2 ( 36. (_ MAC) Tz (sl_-_ 2) _z h 3.o7oI Cr_ -o._5 C_ -o .6 7o (deg) 0 TR-176-1 .8 ib/ft 2) cLo (deg) 0.00346 Cn5 r -0.

2543 Yv Mw M_ X-E 28. -0.0244 Zu -0. 04997 Lsi M_ --O..7605 N -O. O. Xw FLT. 495 0 -O.TABLE TABLE X-D LATERAL LONGITUDINAL DIMENSIONAL DERIVATIVES FOR TI-IEN&VION FLT. Xu YSa y* 5r r.17 --<).03607 -0.O45] XSe 0 Zw --2. 3498 --II. --8.548 4.597 TR-176-1 102 .3 697 Zse DIMENSIONAL DERIVATIVES FOR THE NAVION COND.2218 ' 5a -4. 1892 g -0.984 2.402 2.193 -28.f.0767 MSe COND.005 ]65 L_ r Mq --2.

0114 X-H libTEI{AI.489 N_ e 1/Th2 I/Th3 Aaz O._ 2.385 md Ap 28. < sp TAB].548 0 11Tpl N_a --1. 086u _% o.991 1/Tp2 3.2285 I/T_2 77. h3b 1/T S o.'_{ANSFER FUNCTION FACTORS FOB TLI]!] NAVION (]ON]).'ORTHE A Ao N 0 LAI_'h".083 A RUDDER FLT.oo87(.795 1/T[_ 3 65.984 % O. 122 1/Tay 1 -o.0'.r O._ O.0161 COND. 008'( 6 1/T R 8.0074 3.0707 Af{ N_Ba A_ 0.2218 1/T_ 1 0.894 . 253 (1. I/TR 8.l_.9164 Au 2. dgP'{ "'sp 3.r 0 _p o. (. 171 -4.78 1/Tpl -0. 25 63 Ah fl 1/Thl 28. <p --II .0 t'qt_I TUD IN A ]iJ AILERON j [ NC2ION r TRANSI.204 _d o. 6064 IITp 3 u Nb e I/Tul 2. O.o591 --28.543 I/Tr2 1/% 2218 -280. P33 6 c%o 2.E X-G 1/Tpl N_.39 --.TAB I _E' X-[ _' TAB[.136 -6.401 I/Tu2 Aw _.P.'I. o.E E ] _VA TO I_ 1.385 2. 204 . I08 8.071 0.'8.']:]I { FUNCTION L. 1/% o. 0801 I/THI FACTORS NAVION COND.[lA. 171 --I0. VLT.335 a Z NB e I/Tazl 0 I/Taz2 --10.435 A 0. T]{ANS]. 639 <r 0.)231 1/T_b 1. F r N_)a ]/Tr 1 --1. 01 65 13.1335 N_'.0165 CG i/Taz4 13.2137 .108 #x:0 I/Taz3 0.352 A_ 12.171 1/Tay 2 8.:]_ ]_ U1ACTORS ]!'OR ']'H_J NAVION FLT. 5345 N w rw I/T r 1. 997 A r Ar 54.122 TR-176-1 CG 1/% 3 I/Tay 4 103 --3.0366 I/%_ 8.98h I/mr 3 _e O.

.

.p_EcED_NGPAGE BLANK 8F_TION DC-8 Precedingpageblank _o5 XI NOT FILMED.

84 190.000 250.88x106 7.15 Axes Stability 0.09 z) 2.15 REFERENCE :55.000 3.P-3 I Figure XI-] I DC-8 FLIGRT Flight CONDITIONS Approach Condition h(ft) 0.56x106 3.56x10 s x I0 s 5.77x e IO s 10 6 2.94x10 5.7 x I03 z -64.000 2) 3.15 s 45x105 0.443 s 28x10 Xce IE c = 23 x I0 s 15.94x106 3.5x10 0.000 0.219 W(Ibs) [x (slug-ft Iy (slug-ft Iz 190.13 x IO s 7.000 0.88 250.77x 3.11xlO 3.58 =) 3:5.000 VNE t (slug "ftz) Ixz (slug-ft Cruise Holdh_g ft : Unpublished Dota /9 .13 x 106 53.000 0.15 GEOMETRY S = 2600 ft 2 b = 142.3 ft REFERENCES 0.

000 33.15 o o 45.88 982 o.130.580.5 71.2 0 863.000 0.000 3.97 190.000 o.000 0. 002378 0.46 .000 59oo 5900 982 0.2 863.000 3.000 3.770. CRUISE 1117 (ft/sec) ft DC-8 HOLD ING APPROACH h (ft) THE axes FLIGHT ] FOR 190.000 2. b = 142.001496 468.3 XI-A PARAMETERS stability ft .000 I z (slug-ft 2) 5.940.15 @O (deg) Uo (ft/sec) 243.000 7143 Ix (slug-ft 2) 3.91.02 163.110.000 m (slugs) .700 0. c = 23 .560.0 296.000 7t43 230.2 Wo (ft/sec) 0 0 0 0 35 0 0 0 _F (deg) TR-176-I 107 824.130.443 0.770. 000795 824.560.000795 4 VNE 33.000 ly (slug-ft 2) 2.46 270.0.000 3.000 3.000 Ixz (slug-ft XCG/C 2) 28.000 %.15 o 53.2 243.090.000 7.218 0.TABLE GEOMETRICAL Note : Data are S = 2600 for ft 2 AND INERTIAL body-fixed .84 1o58 o.15 o.000 5.000 -64.880.5 468.36 230.5 O0 o.j • M (-) a o (s1_gs/ft 3) VTo (ft/seo) = oV2/2 (ib/ft 2) w (Zb) Yo = 0 deg CONDITION 3 0 15.

000 M 0. 0202 0. 352 o.5013 -2 .2719 0.8762 6.84 --4.02 -0.21$ 0.97t 2 -14.81 4.97] -1.ol 7 -2.212 0.840 0.S8 CL 0.) 3 CLg CLM 0 0 CD6e -0.487 0.'.7442 6.279 CD O.0188 0.42 0.8989 0 0 0 0.6 -_5.0224 0.00208 o.478 -1.308 0.328 o. 3(. 358 0. 328 0.2 .02 0.83 -o. 1095 0.50 Cm m Cmq -o.443 0.TABLEXI-B LONGITUDINAL NONDIMENSIONAL DERIVATIVES FORTHEDC-8 Note: Data are for body-fixed stability FLIGHT axes. 006 -0. CONDITION 4 2 h 0 15.048 0 CL_ e O.ool 17 --o .2 0 2 Cm_ --1.000 33_ 000 33.10 --6.17 -0.413 Cm_ -3.62 -6.4862 CD_ CD M O.98 0.0276 c:4 _ 4. lOO5 o.

538 0.2 863.46 (ft/sec) -0.385 C_r 0. 18651 -0.248 C_6 a -0.516 -o .190 -0.4]6 -O.TABLE LATERAL Note: NONDIMENSIONAL Data are for XI-C STABILITY body-fixed FLIGHT h (ft) 0 1D.07965 0.08595 C_$ r 0. 6532 0 -O.02166 0.218 0.003999 -0.O00 DERIVATIVES stability FOR THE DC-8 axes CONDITION 33.18651 o. 16044 -0.87268 -O.137D2 -0.021086 0.12319 O.o79o7 o.O8337 -O.18651 O.08337 TR-176-1 o.443 0.196 Cn6 a -O.18651 C_p -O.161 -0.17362 -o.003701 -0.7277 -0. 15471 O.5 468.199 -0.O106 Cn_ r -0.o]9195 0.o83o8 -0.00354 -0.0307 -0.147 -0.7449 O CY_ a CY_r 0.000 33.16732 -0.02189 cR_ o.2 824.132 0.84 0.00587 -0.146 -0 .08337 -0.O8337 109 .0107 -0. 1633 Cnp -0.15815 C_p --O.000 M (-) o.88 VTo 243.0873 Cnr -O.

6 -34. 00052 £w (I/sec-ft) -o. oo254 -0.443 o. 0o8 7 -o. 00072 -o ... Ol Ii -0.o0o51 -0.o145 -0. (I/sec-ft) -o.75g -lO.01 14q(I/see) -0.84 o . oo714 -o.._)06 -o.000 ZU .0321 0 -0. .1329 0 (-) Z6 e [(ft/sec2)/rad] 0.'-1 {'1 1 10 -4. 008 Iv]u .0735 0 -0.(]/sec) Zw DC-$ 0 x6e [(ft/sec2)/rad] (I/sec) THE axes FLIGHT h (ft) FOR 329 o -0.6277 -o. -o.o291 -o.000 33. 63 -o.24 M8e (I/see2) TT.1 Zu -0.0043 0 -o.0000077 -0.0111 ---0. oo7o7 -o.o2891 -o.073[3 0 -o . 000733 -0. 991 -0. o107 -0.19 0 0 0622 -0. o00003 -o. 000786 -o. 000063 -0.6 -23..'7 oP59 -0.o629 000084(5 0.04 o. 000D99 o. 00254 M@ (I/ft) -0. 25 o6 ( I/sec) CONDITION 19.59 39 .218 o.TABLE LONGITUDINAL Note: Data are XI-D DIMENSIONAL for body-fixed DERIVATIVES stability M (-) % (i/seo) xw (I/sec) 33. % (i/_oo-ft) 0000077 O01 u(_ -3. -0.0471 -o. 000595 -o..7924 -o.924 -I.88 O..000 0.806 0622 0 0 -o . ooo 78 6 -0.845 -38.1 7.

71 -4.1008 CONDITION 3 33.14 2. 0288 0.301 2. 951 -I. 26> -0.11 0. 334 O. -0. 124 -0. 29 O. 181 -I.84 0. L6# N# (I/sec 2) (1/see 2) N5 (l/_eo) N_ (I/sec) O TR-176-I 0532 111 277 . 389 -o.3 0. 392 0.0233 L_ (1/see 2) ½ (l/sec) L_ -i.346 -2. 0238 o.01875 -0.25 N_ (i/_ee _) -o. o346 -0.1113 -0.443 -0. 726 -1.62 -2.0868 -0.0204 -0.757 I .218 0.549 o.o1164 -1.0788 N_ (1/_ec2) -0.228 --o. 609 (I/see) L5 A (I/sec 2) -0. 232 -i.1813 o.065 2 -0.01715 -o.02 -o.000 0.88 -0.43 -0.TABLE IATEI_&L Note: Data are for DIMK_SIONAL XI-E DERIVATIVES body-fixed stability FOR h (ft) M (-) Yv (I/see) DC-8 axes FLIGHT 1 THE 2 • 0 15.612 0.864 -0. o931 YS_ [(11sec)Irad] 0 0 0 o YS_ [(11sec)Irad] o.257 -0.000 33. 328 -2.41 -5. 397 O.000 0.0222 0.

h 0.24 -8. 7.449 -35.9'.6 -o.000 33.000 ZSlong 0. o 110.95 -8.434 msp 1.0 I/Tw 1 G -38.7 -3_4.'3.8h o..000 15 15 230.75 -5. o.o31o O.75 -5.19 25. o6o5 0.19 Aaz 1/Taz -0.22 I/TOl o.95 -O. 00182 0.3 -72.83 1/__ 3 -I0.7 34.816 o .000 15 190.325 3.>7 -5.zo8) -4 .P9 -23. 0877 A0 --l.50. 13{3. 358 -3.01 354 l/T82 o.o37 ov (I/%3) o.7 -#{79 279 -.29 9. 075 (I/Tpl) % N8 _e (I/Tp2) --0. 0947 N5 e O.535 O.0708) (o.6 1/T]4_ 1 -3.24 --0.% (O.19 A W 33. OO0 _sp 0.1798 o.443 0 (ft) 15.O00 15 Weight W (ib) 190. I I/maz2 1/Taz 3 O O0002G 7.522 O . I O. o361.29 9. O0 I .o_31 _ .000 2. O0182 O i oo .7 -34.o531 7.1489 I . 01436 O.1635 O. 0493 O.08 I. 0243 (--0.63 1/m 2 --0. N8 e 1/Tu2 -/o.619 2. M (-) Altitude.O107 o.9 CG 1/maz4 TR-176-1 4.59 o..ODl l < .279 o.2 O.40 0.TABLE Note : ELEVATOR LONGITUDINAL Data for are TRANSFER body-fixed XI-F FUNCTION stability FACTORS _}IE DC-8 FOR axes FLIGHT CONDITION 4 2 Mach No. 76 --O.9 o -8. 000026 0.4 0 -3.010'7' o.U3_7) (1 15. w (I/%2) o.641 A m u l/Tu l 0.5 A_ 10. G5. 241 O.88 33.218 0.o781 o .O606 o. d 38.83 112 ) .59 1oo. 342 0.

11 -2.242 2. 1o94 0.589 (r -O.620 -0. 223 o. (-) Altitude.o1875 -o.75 0.644 I.3o O.203 0. 757 1.197 1.23 I.000 230.620 -1. Io96 O.943 I . 00649 O.323 I .036 -2. 704 0. 1061 O.3o --2.000 15 15 190.996 1. 727 _r I .515 1.0532 -o.62 O. 065 2 -o.166 1. 00447 1/T R 1. 0532 O.329 1 .726 --2. O855 _d o .52 -0.88 33.84 0. 1072 O. 0788 I. 998 1/Trl r -1 -0.223 o. 345 -0. 1554 O. 0793 O.000 15 15 FOR 'I_{EDC-8 CONDITION 3 4 o. 0652 -0.943 t .000 190.356 {a o.589 (ib) Alat Ap 1/Tpl Np $a (p A_ A r N5 a 0 0 -2. 1094 0. 0788 1/T 1 1/T72 -0.404 .TABLE XI-G AILERON LATERAL TR_.000 33.218 0.259 O.iSFER FUNCTION FACTORS Data are for body-fixed stability axes Note : FLIGHT Mach No.392 -1. 01875 o. h CG (_ Weight.013 O.515 1.000 1/T s -0.443 0 I5. 1554 o. (ft) _) W 0. 656 -o.725 113 -O.121 I ..495 I.166 i .11 0 0 0. 1072 o. 00404 O.254 I .291 1/TB3 TR-175-I .000 230.

TABLE
RUDDER
Note

:

Data

are

LATERAL
for

TRANSFER

body-fixed

XI-H

FUNCTION

stability

FACTORS

FOR

THE

DC-8

axes.
FLIGHT

CONDITION

4

2

Mach No., M (-)
Altitude,

h

(ft)


Weight,

0.218
0

15,000

15

15
W

0.88

33,000

33,000

15

15

190,000

190,000

230,000

230,000

I/ms

-o.o13

0.00649

o. 00404

O. 00447

I/T R

I .121

1.329

i.254

1 .356

o. 0793

O. 0855

1.197

I .495

1 .D89

0.392

0.545

0.612

o

0

[d

o.Io96

COd

o.996

Ap
I/Tpl
NP r

0.84

(lb)

Alat

I/Tp2

I/T>
3
A_
q)

0.443

I I/Tqpl

N_r
I/Tep2

0.1061

0.1813
0

0

1. 028

i.85

2.43

2.57

-2.13

-2.56

-3.oi

-5.15

o.1813

0.392

o.545

0,612

1.o28

I.85

2.43

2.57

-2.13

-2.56

-3.oi

-3.15

-o. 389

--0.864

--1 . 165

I
A r

I .124

1.335

I.276

1.377

_r

-o. 0743

-O.O451

--0.0619

-0.0475

_r

o. 339

0.330

o. 323

0.323

0.0238

o. 0288

0.0222

1/mpl

-O.O559

-o, o14 7)

--0.00726

1/T 2

1,141

1.297

1.217

1/Tp3

16.47

3o .2

52.6

Aay

5.79

13.hS

18.33

I/Tr I
r

N5 r

P
N6 r

Cd

TR-176-1

-1.277

1/may 1

-O.819

I/may 2

-4).I 077

1/may 3 ( _ay)

( O. 994 )

l/may

(1.078)

-O. 0347
i .535
--1.157

i.147

114

-0 .ot883
1 .122
--1 .418
1 ,723

0.0233
-0.00637
1.323
f

r

pp. 0

20. I

-o .Ol 7146
I .231
-1.494
I .819

APPENDIX

A

AXIS SYSTEm,
SYMBOLS,
AND DERIVATIVE DEFINITIONS

I.

.a_:T.8
IB_r_TEI_B

_XB,U,P

f v,

--_/_ ............
"_,

_--Inerticll

Ref.

YB,Ys,v,q
ZB,W,r

g

XB, YB, ZB

-

The Body-Axis System consists of right-handed,
orthogonal
axes whose origin is fixed at the nominal aircraft center
of gravity.
It's orientation remains fixed with respect
to the aircraft, the XB and ZB axes being in the plane of
symmetry.
The exact alignment of XB axis is arbitrary, herein
it is taken along the body centerline reference.

XS, YS, ZS

-

The Stability-Axis
System is that particular body-axis
system for which the Xs_axis is coincident with the
projection of the total steady-state velocity vector (VTo)
on the aircraft's plane of symmetry.
It's orientation
remains fixed with respect to the aircraft.

A-I

2.

SYMBOLS

Speed

a

of

Lateral
at the

sound

in

ft/sec

air

acceleration
along the Y-Body
Axis
center
of gravity
(positive
out right

ft/sec 2

acceleration
parallel
to
Axis at a distance
i x and

ft/sec 2

wing)
!

ay

Lateral
Y-Body

c.g.,
az

I
a z

the

_ = _ + ix_- iz_

Normal
at the

acceleration
along the
c.g. (positive
down)

Normal

acceleration

Axis

the
i z from

at

c.g._

parallel

a distance

i x from

Z-Body

to

the

Axis

ft/sec 2

Z-Body

ft/sec 2

the

a z, = a z - lx_
ft

b

Reference

wing

C

Reference

chord

CG

Center

D

Aerodynamic
force (drag)
velocity
vector
(positive

g

Acceleration

h

Altitude

Ix, ly, Iz

Moments

of inertia

referred

to body

axis

slug-ft 2

Ixz

Product

of

referred

to body

axis

slug-ft 2

jcD

The imaginary
portion
variable
s = _±j_

ix

Distance
along
c.g. (positive

the X-Body
forward)

Iz

Distance
along
c.g. (positive

the Z-BodyAxis
down)

L

Rolling
moment
about the X-axis
due
aerodynamic
torques
(positive
right

span

ft

of gravity

due

to

along
aft)

the

total

lbs

ft/sec 2

gravity

ft

inertia

_own)

A-2

of the

rad/sec

complex

Axis

from

the

ft

from

the

ft

to
wing

ft-lb

L

Aerodynamic
force
(lift) perpendicular
to the total velocity
vector
in the aircraft's
plane
of symmetry
(positive
up)

ibs

m

Mass

M

Mach

M

Pitching
moment
about the Y-axis
due to
aerodynamic
torques
(positive
nose up)

ft- ib

MAC

Mean

aerodynamic

ft

MGC

Mean

geometric

N

Aerodynamic

slugs
number

Axis

chord

ft

chord

normal

force

bu___t
positive

along

the

Z-Body

ibs

up

N

Yawing
moment
about Z-axis
due
torques
(positive
nose right)

P

Roll rate, angular
velocity
(positive
right wing down)

q

Pitch
rate_ angular
(positive
nose up)

to

about

velocity

aerodynamic

ft-lbs

X-axis

rad/sec

about

Y-axis

rad/sec

2
Dynamic

pressure,

]/2

ibs/ft 2

p VTo

r

Yaw rate_
(positive

rRG

Yaw

s

Laplace

S

Reference

T.E.

Trailing

u

Linear
X-axis

perturbed
(positive

U o

Linear
X-axis

steady-state
velocity
(positive
forward)

v

Linear
perturbed
velocity
(positive
out right wing)

along

VT o

Total
linear
steady-state
(positive
forward)

velocity

rate

angular
velocity
nose right)
gyro

about

Z-axis

signal

operator,
wing

_+

rad/sec

rad/sec
jw

rad/sec
ft 2

area

edge
velocity
forward)

A-3

along

the

along

the

ft/sec

the

Y-axis

ft/sec

ft/sec

ft/sec

etc.g. for positive rolling moment) _e angle Elevator surface deflection from (positive for nose down pitching for aft surface) Trim (leg of attack elevator tad (positive trim_ moment deflection rad deg F Rudder left A deflection yawing Denominator of Damping ratio particularized e Pitch angle. to for nose up pitching force along Z-axis thrust moment (positive .perturbed (positive velocity do_m) along ft/sec w Linear Z_-axis the W Weight Wo Linear Z-axis X AeroCy_. (includes spoiler effects.lamic force (positive forward) along t!_c X-axis ibs Y Aerody_lamic force out right wing) along Y-axis _]0s zj Perpendicular line (positive due to thrust) Z Aerodynamic lbs steady-st_/Le velocity (positive dovm) alonf{ the (positive distance from c. level flight.l't/sec ft ibs down) Pert_irbed _o angle Steady-state Sideslip rad of attack (trim) angle rad angle flight path deg 7o Steady-state 8a Aileron control surface deflection.). Ipositive moment (negative airframe for transfer of linear second by the subscript fq dt for positive A-4 straight nose rad nose N)] up function order and mode rad .

(positive right wing down) dt) rad Undamped natural frequency of a second mode. (cos @o _P dt -sin e o _r in straight and level flight. particularized by subscript order rad/sec Subscript a Aileron d Dutch e Elevator P Phugoid r Rudder R Roll s Spiral sp Short roll subsidence period A-5 .ination [positive Mass Special of gives density thrust line negative of air The real portion s = _± j_ of with X-axis deg (--) Z force] slugs/ft3 the complex rad/sec variable Roll angle._o IncJ.

positive up ' positive aft IV[ c_ CM - Sc 2VT o CN_ - c bc_/_ c CNs : _c_/_s cxa 8Cx/_ 2VT o b) : CMq CxM : _Cx/_M cxs 8cx/_s = Longitudinal Stability - c Axis CL - L _ qS' positive up CD - D _ qS' positive aft Ci_ = _CL/_ CI_ - 2VT o C Pitching _Cn/_ CLM = _CL/_M derivatives Cr_ _C_/_ identical CDc : _CD/a_ those CI_ : _CD/_M CD5 = _CD/_5 : _cM/_q A-6 moment are to for body axis . NONDIMENSIONAL a) DERIVATIVE Longitudinal Body N _-_ CN = CX = X _ S : _CN/_ DEFINITIONS Axis .3.

Whenusing the following all quantities should be for the sameaxis system.) are physically and numerically the same in both axis systems. the samesymbols are used for body axis and stability axis lateral rolling and yawing momentderivatives. Cy - Y L Cl _s - _Sb N Cn - {Sb _Cn/_ _ Cy_ = _Cy/_ CI_ = _CI/_ Cn_ = Cy_ = _Cy/_ CIp - 2vb ° Cnp _ 2vb ° Clr - Cnr - Cl8 = cn_ = *The exception is the zero 2VTo _Cl/_r b _Cx/_ trim A-7 angle of attack 2VTo _c_/_r b 8Cn/8_ condition.c) Lateral Body and Stability Thoughphysically Axis and numerically different_* see Appendix B. The sideforce derivatives (Cy. etc. Whenthe rolling or yawing momentderivatives are given in this report the axis system is specified. .

_ = - _n CNM ] / S (-:_C ]/sec CN& 0SV_ o ZSe CN _ uo[ wo I M )] 2m - o ft CN6 e rb see' r:Ad Zjm sec-ft k-8 . quantities a) DERIVATIVE Care are are used should be DEFINITIONS for body- exercised and so stability-axis that a consistent dimensional set of used.n[ o CNM _ CN + p2_ Uo 4m VTo C N 4._M m Xw _ 0SU2mO I.2 U_o Wo (Cx _ -2 M CXM) I/sec ' ]/sec oSVT2o ft X_e = Z_ - Su Zu - OSUo m M ._ _oo Z_ : _ CX_ e .4._ Zw - p -CNc_ .CX_ CXM I/sec .Tu sec'-rad I/sec s:i. Longitudinal Body Axis X{_ = Xu + mu cos_o Xu - pSUo (.CX + _Wo CX_ 2U o ) . DIMENSIONAL The STABILITY same symbols derivatives.

2U----o (Cm 1 + _ CraM) sec-ft pSc2 Uo _ = _zy V_o C_ I_ : UoM w ]/sec 2 = UoM_ ]/sec sec-ft pS C2VTo ]/sec Mq - 41y Cmq oS CV2o I/sec 2 M6e - 21y Cm_e ]/sec b) Lateral Body Axis Yv : (oSVTo/2m)Cy Y_ = VToY v Y_ ]/sec _ ft/sec 2 ft/sec 2 : (pSV_omm)%5 Ys_ : (0SV_o/2m)% % ft/sec 2 Y6_ I/sec : (pSVTo/2m)dy6r _B : (_SV_ob/2_x)C_ _ Lr ]/sec 2 = (pSVTob2/4Z_)Clp ]/sec = ]/sec (oSVTob2/41x)Clr A-9 .Nil - - OScU° 21y I_ Cram + Cm I 2Iy Cmo_ + _ sec-ft .

P I/sec Nr I/sec N_ = (oSVTob2/41z)Cn r l/sec 2 -.(pSV$ob/2Zz)C_ _ F] N_ I/sec 2 = (_SV_ob/21_)c_ _ I/sec 2 I/sec ]/see Lt_r = (L_ r + IxzNSr/Ix)G /sec 2 ].2 _5_ = (oSV_ob/21_)Clb I/sec 2 _r I/sec 2 = (oSV$ob/21xlCl_r l/sec Y_a = (oSV_o/2m)CYS_ _ = (oSV$ob/2I_IC_ _ I/sec 2 Np = (oSV_ob2/_I z)c_.t_ : (L_ a + lxzNSa/Ix)@ ]/sec 2 N' : (N@ ]/sec 2 + IxzL_/Iz)G I/see N_ : (N r + IxzLr/Iz)G _!_' " r : (N_r _q : (_ _ IxzLSr/Iz) ]/sec ]/sec 2 G + I_z_/z_)_ ]/sec 2 1 G I Ixlz A-tO .

Cm_ . CYsa ao+ - (Clr+ CI_ C_p)sin sin t_CHANDEP a e + Cip sin_%e . Uo CN J U o = VToCOS a o Wo = VToSln _o Cx _a_o_ Ys---Ye Zs. Cm_ -t_NCHANGED Cm.I --4 ©_ I . CYSr .(Cn r-clp)sin _e cos &o'CI (Cnr) = Cnr coS2ao + o_ cos _o = Cn6 cos sin o_-CL_ sin _o-CL cos _o B (c_)_ Cy_.) B = CIp cos£ao .Wo Zs I ON = CL cos ao+ CD sin _o (C_)B : C16 cos CX = CD cos _o- CL sin Go (c_. B _o" C_ sin ab Cnp)Sln -Clp)sin ae c_ _o+ Cnr sin2ao _e cos &o" Cn F sin2_o r sinlAe CDM sin _o (end) B = Cn_ cos CD5 sin _o (c_)B = Cnp cos2_o .(C_ r = C16 cos a o- Cn_ sin a e ao+ CI_ sin a e CN_ = CL_c°s _o-CLsln ao + CD_Sln ao+ CD cos ao (Clr) CN& = CL_ cos _o (c_)_ CNM = CLM cos Go CN8 = Ci6 cos Go+ CX_ = CD_ cos _o'CD CXM = CDM cos _o- CL M sin <_o CX 8 = CD5 cos _o- C_ sin _o Cram .(Clr+ = C1 r ces!_e ./_ Xe. Cmq + . Cm_ .

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Z_)] + g_ sin @O . = -se }_ = --w cos cos ej u -Uos+g sin 80 w - @ * Mw) @o az = sw- Uoq a z' -- az ixS2@ Transfer w Wos+g s2- + u sin eo + (g sin eo)e + MqS (U o cos XSe = Z6e M6 e e o + w o sin eo)e Functions @ N_e 5e A Denominator. A = As 4 + Bs 3 + Cs 2 + Ds + E A -B = --(Mq + Xu)(I c = MqZ w- -. NUmeRATORS Longitudinal a.Z_) + _(I C-I + Z w + M_] -. E quat i on s s-X_ -X w -4 (1-Z_)s-Z --(M_s b. I) q.] .L y APPENDIX EQUATIONS I • OF AND MOTION.XW_ + WO[M_Z u Zw - Mc_ -. COUPLING C TRANSFER FUNCTIONS.Z_) - Mc_ + Xu[(Mq)(1 -.

h) -M_y=+MqK_z_ +g[%z_+M_(I-z.ZQ)] _.ZQ)] Cu--x_(M_z.gM 5 sin 0 o- XsMug 00 + Xg(M_Uo sin 0o .Z.Ms_psin Aw s3 + Bw s2 + CwS _o + Dw Z6 Bw = -%(Mq+ x_)+ Uo_ + x_z_ Cw = X_(ZsM Dw " g(ZJ_ q .MwZs)c°s N_ Aw= = 00 + g(XsMw .)] + Wo(ZwM_-_) + _x_% _i._.(_ oo_eo)(1-z.Wo[ZsM _ + _o(I .%( zj.t D ---x_(Mz_-_.%X_)_i_Oo 2) 5 _umerator s N_ Ao --z_ B8 = Aes 2 + Bes + Ce + M_(1 .(M_x_-_)+ N_ Au = X5(I Bu = -XS[Mq(I = -MS[Zw+ XI_(I .ZQ) + Zw + M_] + ZsX w .)]+ Zs(Mw-I%X _) % -"x8(_vz_i-M_zw) + z_.MsZ _) gMsX* C-2 sin .-vh)z_(g% oos0o+Mqx_)+ _%[_._o Du : g(ZwM5 .Z_._oos0o+Wo(ti>_ -t_Iz_) + g(%-%x_)_inOo E --g(MwZ _ .) w .z_) = XS[M_Z_+ Mu(1 .M_Z_)oos eo+ g(M_IXw .%Z_)cos + Wo(ZsM 0o + u . u) Aus 3 + Bu s2 + CuS + Du .x_.Z_Mq) .UoMs) .

N_ = A_s 3 + B6s 2 + C_s + D_ A_ = .N5 r g(cos ! S DO ay + iXlat S ] COS tan r 8 0 ! ! -.ixC e .cos @OOw + sin eoC u + (U O cos @o sin 0o)B @ D_ = . g sin let g sin sin @oAe 0oB e 0oC 8 ix = O. Equations Wos + g cos s._o _ 8o] E- IF Y5 a Y5 r = L5 a L5 r ! ! --I_ -.cos eoAw + sin 0oAu = .UoA 0 Ca_ = Cw . Lateral a._ : r S c-3 sr -._ v --L S(S--%) VTo _ : _p_ + _r s-N r sv + Uor _ --WoP- iNsa .izS p 8o)C_ . Ba_ = Bw .UoC e + Ea_ : + obtain az.UoB 0 + g Da_ = Dw .ixB e .Yv - VT o 0o Uos-g sin .t _f'= _a[?+B_'zS3 +c4__+_ab+E ' &z To 2.cos @oDw + sin eoD u + (U O cos e O + W O sin eo)C @ + No .COS @OBW + sin @OBU + (U O cos e O + W O sin 0o)A @ O_ = .

N_I_) sin 0o N_ sin O o) .L_Nr) VT o cos . . .b. N_r _r - 4 I) a = Denominator._ -. Alat 2 Ala t = as + bs 3 + cs + ds + e I ! b = -(y_+ L_+ Nr) Uo WoL _ o ---N_ + L_(Y_ + _) . Transfer Functions ___= N_a _a r Alat . g + N_ V_T 0 o + -_g VT o c-4 o sin Uo VT o 0o (N_I. etc.LgNr) -_g (N_L r -. c_ -- Y_(_'_-_r) + L_--g co__o+ (%_ . (NgL r -. .N_L_+ Y_ VT o U o d _ --(_VT o VT o _) + Yv(_9_r_) _ (_ cos0° + VT o Wo VT o e = 2) -_g VT o [(I%N_- 8 (5 a or N_I$) 5r) cos e o- (N_- L_) sin 0o] Numerators = _s 3 + _s 2 + c_s + D_ A_ : Y_ + N_].N___Uo + __w° L_' B_ ---Y_[_" VT o VT o .%_) VT o Wo + -VTo D6 = .

Y_(LrN _ -.LS(Nr . + NSLr . Cp = Dp - Yv) . . (LsN_ -.N_L_) VT ° VT o N_ Ar = = Ar s3 + Br s2 N_ * T ! ! T Wo Cr Y_(I. .L_N'r) .+ = .[__ • N_5 = Ap s3 + Bp s2 + Cps + Dp ! Ap = L5 .. .NsYvLr UO + (L_N_ + Crs + Dr -. + L_YvN' r -. ._N_- N_%)- L_YvN _ + N_YvL _ +- = Dr VTo VTo N_ A¢ : Ap + A r tan 6) o Be : Bp + Br tan 8o C¢ : Cp + C r tan 8o = Acs 2 + Bcs c-5 + C .N_L_) • .

N_ ay VToA_ + iXlatAr + UoAr izAp B'ay = VToB_ C_ = VToC _ + UoB r -. c-6 IzBp .WoB p - g cos QoA¢ + iXlatC r - izCp V T D_ o g cos 0oB ¢ + iXlatD r - izD p D ! obtain ay. -WoAp + UoC r - UoD r- To = A'ays4 + B_ s3 + C_ys2 + D_s + E'ay let WoD p- Ixlat + iXlatBr WoC p - g cos - eoC ¢ = i z = O.

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