[Reader and Supplementary Reader]

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© Government of Tamilnadu First Edition - 2003 Reprint - 2007 Chairperson Dr. K.M. PRABHU, Reader, Dept. of English, Govt. Arts College, Nandanam, Chennai - 600 035. Overall Reviewer Thiru S.GOMATHINATHAN, Special Officer, ELT / Reader, D.T.E.R.T. (Retired), No. W - 302, 19th Street, ‘C’ Sector, Annanagar West, Chennai - 600 101 Reviewers: Ms. R. Nagarathnammal, Headmistress, Ganeshbai Galada Jain Girls Hr. Sec. School, Mint Street, Sowcarpet, Chennai 600 079. Authors: Thiru M. Arjunan, B.T. Assistant, S.S. Govt. Boys Hr. Sec. School, Rajapalayam 626 117. Thiru V. Shanmugam, Junior Lecturer, Govt. Teacher Training Institute, Ranipet.632 401. Tmt. A. Santha, Headmistress, Govt. Girls Hr. Sec. School, Kodavasal, Thiruvarur Dist. 612 601. Thiru R. Jeyakani, Junior Lecturer, Govt. Teacher Training Institute, Samuga Rengapuram. Thiruneveli 627 112. Thiru N. Thirunavukkarasu, Supervisor, Block Resource Centre, GHS., Veerapandy - P.O. Salem Dist. 636 308.

This book has been prepared by the Directorate of School Education on behalf of the Government of Tamilnadu. This book has been printed on 60 G.S.M. Paper Printed by Web Offset at : Asian Printers, Chennai - 600 014.

FULL VERSION Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Punjaba-Sindhu-Gujarata-MarathaDravida-Utkala-Banga Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga Uchchhala-jaladhi-taranga Tava Subha name jage, Tava Subha asisa mage, Gahe tava jaya-gatha. Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he Jaya jaya, jaya, jaya he. SHORT VERSION Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he Jaya jaya, jaya, jaya he.

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people, Thou dispenser of India’s destiny. Thy name rouses the hearts of the Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha, of Dravid, Orissa and Bengal. It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas, mingles in the music of the Yamuna and Ganges and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea. They pray for Thy blessings and sing Thy praise The saving of all people waits in Thy hand, Thou dispenser of India’s destiny. Victory, Victory, Victory to Thee.

” INVOCATION TO GODDESS TAMIL Bharat is like the face beauteous of Earth clad in wavy seas. language. region or other political or economic grievances should be settled by peaceful and constitutional means. whose majestic youthfulness. Praise unto ‘You. inspires awe and ecstasy. Like the fragrance of that ‘Tilak’ plunging the world in joy supreme reigns Goddess Tamil with renown spread far and wide. Deccan is her brow crescent-like on which the fragrant ‘Tilak’ is the blessed Dravidian land. iv .” “I further affirm that I shall never resort to violence and that all differences and disputes relating to religion.THE NATIONAL INTEGRATION PLEDGE “I solemnly pledge to work with dedication to preserve and strengthen the freedom and integrity of the nation. Goddess Tamil.

its limitations inherent or otherwise not withstanding. activities in this book have been prepared to include contextual cues. The supplementary reader contains six stories drawn from themes most interesting and appealing to the imagination of learners. In order to achieve this laudable objective this book has endeavoured to include within it features such as dialogues. interesting and appealing to the imagination of young learners. Learners are provided with text and not sentences even while dealing with grammer and writing. Some of the questions in them and in the main course book as well. v . As developing communication skills in English remains the focus of attention of current trends in language teaching. It is hoped that this book.PREFACE The Government of Tamil Nadu has revised the syllabus to make the learning of English a pleasant. The topics for the text have mostly been drawn from themes most relevant. It would have served its purpose even if it serves as a trend setter in Government’s attempt to make education for all a reality. will be received well. are open ended and they are intended to encourage learners to express their opinion and points of view leading to opportunities for communication. discussion and emphasis on strategic. occupational and creative competencies. joyful and interesting experience resulting towards the mastery of the capacity to communicate in the English language.

NOTE TO THE TEACHER This book has been prepared in accordance with the revised syllabus which has specified the various competencies to be completed in the sixth standard. it is hoped. vi . The list of competencies handled in a unit has been elaborately enunciated at the beginning of each unit. The phonemic transcription against words in the glossary of the reader is intended to stimulate teachers to use the English pronouncing dictionary exhaustively. which. with questions on understanding the figures of speech. The content and skills promoted by this book are intended to enrich the quality of communication in the class room. will help learners enhance their appreciation skills. Section E of each unit contains a poem. Sections A to D of each unit help learners to acquire the competencies in diverse ways.

Changing declarative into interrogative and vice-versa. Presenting raw data in a systematic form. Using simple imperatives in classroom conversations.1 4.2 2.1 6.2 5. Writing connected sentences. 1 . Greeting people using appropriate expressions.4 3.1 Giving the meaning of unfamiliar words.1 2.1 7. Identifying these words in different written/spoken contexts.3 2. Introducing oneself/ others.1 8.I UNIT – I COMPETENCIES: 1. Articulating consonants properly / Discriminating between problem sounds-consonants.1 4. Identifying the types of sentences. Skimming a text to get the general idea. Referring to a dictionary for meaning and spelling.PART.2 2. Asking/Answering questions.1 1.

Listen carefully. Rangan : So what? Velu : I know something already but I need some more information.1) I. a research scholar in Tamil Literature. indeed. 4. 2 . He is here with us today.1.2. Mr.SECTION .A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (4. AVVAIYAR’S ACHIEVEMENT Velu : Hai Ranga. thank you. Let us ask him. Velu : Can’t we meet him now? Rangan : Yes. here? Velu : You know. The teacher will read the following dialogue. What makes you come. It is early on Sunday. how are you? Rangan : Hai Velu. I know my brother’s friend.) Rangan : Mr. Nathan is reading a paper. I am going to talk on ‘Unity is Strength’ in the inter school competition. Nathan. Fine. Rangan : Well. Let us go in and meet him in the room. 3. I need some incident from ancient literature. (They enter the room.

they were more at war than in peace. They were usually at war with one another. For example. Where was it? At Selaram. Where did they stay? The Chera king stayed at Salem. Could you give a few tips from ancient literature? You know how divided the Tamil kings were among themselves. She must have been very popular She was a zealous poetess and humane too. sir. Hello! Pleased to meet you. now known as Salem. my friend. remember this adage. Please read more about Avvaiyar and also practise the values found in her poems. Probably you can build on this incident in your speech. It must have been a unique event. Here is an incident of how the great poetess ‘Avvaiyar’ brought about unity among the three kings. weren’t they? Yes. Velu is taking part in a speech competition on ‘Unity is Strength’. Her songs are full of humanism. Chola and Pandya kings attended a wedding arranged by her.Nathan : Rangan : Nathan : Velu : Rangan: Nathan : Velu : Nathan : Rangan : Nathan : Velu : Nathan : Rangan : Nathan : Velu : Nathan : Velu : Nathan : Yes. All the three kings attended the wedding. the Pandya king at Veerapandi and the Chola king at Uthamacholapuram. what can I do for you? This is Velu. Avvaiyar worked for the unity among these Kings. I have read ‘Athichudi’ and “Nalvazhi That’s good. After the wedding Avvaiyar suggested that they stayed back for a few days. Once the ancient Chera. 3 .

there are only two castes or classes Benefactors are the noble and others ignoble “. III. Can you think of another such event from history? 4. Now practise the dialogue in groups taking roles.” There are different ways of introducing. Then the teacher will ask you the following questions. meet my cousin Abdul Ram : Glad to meet you. “Pleased to meet you. Sir. Glossary: unique humane humanism ancient values - /ju:|ni:k / /hju:|mein/ /|hju:m@nizm / /|einS@nt / /|v{lju:z/ only one of its kind kind hearted respect for human interests of the past ideals and principles II. Karim introduces his friend Ram to his cousin. Abdul : So am I. Karim : Ram. 1. Describe a song of Avvaiyar you have read on humanism.“Know thee. sir. Who is the poetess referred to in the dialogue? 2.Nathan. Rangan : Thank you. Where did the three kings meet? 3. Practise the above dialogue taking roles. Answer them orally. 4 . The following phrase is used by Velu when he was introduced to Mr.

Listen to the teacher and repeat the pairs of words after her’ /s/ save seat sign sort V. Listen to the teacher saying the following pairs: she see full pull zealous jealous b. Name four religions you know. List the holy places and the festivals of these religions. Group work: 1. Sit in groups of five. compare your answers and tabulate them as follows: Student Religion Holy Place Festival / / shave sheet shine short z /f/ fan fail fill fin /p/ pan pail pill pin /z/ zoo zest zinc zap /d3/ jew jest jink jap 5 . 2. 3. a.IV.

brethren. 5.1. We believe in universal toleration.2. the different paths which men take. 6 .SECTION . I am proud to belong to a land which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance. We accept all religions as true. so. It is repeated everyday by millions of people: “As the different streams mingle their water in the sea. a few lines from a hymn. I will quote to you. You have given us a warm and cordial welcome. all lead to Thee”. It fills my heart with great joy to rise in response to your kind words.1. 6. I remember to have repeated it from my earliest boyhood.B READING AND WRITING (1.1) SWAMI VIVEKANANDA SPEAKS Sisters and Brothers of America. I thank you in the name of the most ancient order of monks in the world. 1. Lord.

You have heard the speaker who has just finished say.” said the frog of the sea .” He was very sorry that there should always be so many differences among us. In this way it went on and became a little sleek and fat. It was born there and brought up there. Well. then”. We sit in our well thinking that the whole world is the little well. “Is your sea so big?” “What nonsense you speak. this fellow is a liar. and yet was a little frog. “The sea! How big is that? Is it as big as my well?” And he took a leap from one side of the well to the other. 7 . “Where are you from?” “I am from the sea”. It had lived there for a long time.” That has been the difficulty all the while. to compare the sea with your well!” “Well. “nothing can be bigger than my well. ”Let us cease from abusing each other. “how do you compare the sea with your little well?” Then the frog took another leap and asked. But I think I should tell you a story now. It would illustrate the cause of these differences. so turn him out. another frog that lived in the sea came and fell into the well. there can be nothing bigger than this. “My friend. said the frog of the well. It cleaned the water everyday of all the worms that lived in it. A frog lived in a well. one day.

Did the frog of the sea come to the well willingly? How do you know? 4. What is the main idea presented in the lesson “Swami Vivekananda speaks”? 2. What is great about India according to Swami Vivekananda? 6. Comprehension a. Which of the two frogs has seen both the well and the sea? 5. 8 - /|kO:di@l/ /ris|pOns/ /mVnk/ /tQ@rans/ /ju:ni|v@:sl/ /@k|sept@ns/ /him/ /miNgl/ /si:s/ /@|bju:ziN/ /sli:k/ /li:p/ /lAi@/ friendly reply saint accept without protest relating to all agreeing a song of praise to God mix with come to a stop wrong treatment soft jump one who tells lies . 1. Answer each of the following questions in one or two sentences. Mention at least two things great about India not given in the lesson.Glossary: Cordial response monk tolerance universal acceptance hymn mingle cease abusing sleek leap liar I. What are streams and the sea compared to? 3.

The frog of the sea ] b.b. India has taught the world ____________________ and _____________________. “Let us cease from abusing each other. _________ said. [ ] a. The frog of the well ____________ . 3. gives a lecture b. One frog was born and brought up in the well and the other was ____________________. _______________ gave Swami Vivekananda a warm welcome. is happy meeting the other frog d. 1. tells a story c. a. Fill in the blanks: 1. Choose the appropriate answer. thanks the people of the USA d. Swami Vivekananda _________ to illustrate the reason for differences among people. accepts what the frog of the sea says c. The person who spoke before Swami Vivekananda c. disagrees with the frog of the sea 3. quotes from a hymn 2. calls the other frog a liar [ ] b. 2.” [ a. The frog of the well d. 9 . Swami Vivekananda c.

m.The first period was English.I watched a film on TV at night. Writing Your sister has written a day’s events in her diary. .We learnt some new words from that. .I went to bed at 9 p. . . The sentences are also jumbled. .I had a bath. . . .I got up at 5 in the morning. .After study I had breakfast.I reached the school at 8:30 in the morning.I had lunch at 1 o’ clock.I finished my home work. They are not separated into what happened at school and what happened at home. .II. Help her to tabulate them and then rewrite them in two separate paragraphs. 10 . .We played a language game. .I played chess with my classmates.

2. Sentence 3 is an imperative sentence.3. 11 .1.7.2. 3. Sentence 2 is an interrogative sentence.4.2.SECTION-C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1.1. How big is the sea? Turn him out. It is usually used to ask for information. It is usually used to give information. 2. 4. It is usually used to get things done. A frog lived in a well. 1.2.1) I Vocabulary Read the dialogue in Section A and write the words which mean the following: happiness happening being united enthusiasm known widely propose marriage ceremony II. What nonsense you speak! - Sentence 1 is a declarative sentence. Grammar Read the following sentences taken from the text.1.2.2.

a) Here is a conversation between two students in the class. But how pleasant it is here! Hai. When did you return from Chennai? Fine. I’ll meet the teacher and seek permission to go home. Pradeesh Prasanna : : b) The following is a conversation between a teacher and Shyam. Prasanna. Correct the sentences of Shyam. how are you? Yes. Note: 1. How was your picnic yesterday? How nice was it! So you had a good time. thank you. The sentences are in a jumbled order. Shyam Teacher Shyam Teacher : : : : Good morning. An exclamatory sentence is followed by an exclamation mark(!) 3. Did you have good weather on your trip? Just this morning. I think. I hope you have done your home work. An interrogative sentence is followed by a question mark (?) 2. Rewrite them in the correct order. 12 . sir? Please do. it was horrible.Sentence 4 is an exclamatory sentence. Oh. I should excuse myself from the class today. The subject is implied in an imperative sentence. All right. I can come in. How are you? Then go home and take rest. In fact I am not well because of this. Pradeesh Prasanna Pradeesh Prasanna Pradeesh Prasanna : : : : : : Why are you waiting outside? Come in. It is usually used to express strong feelings.

___________ 6. ___________ 5. ___________ 13. ___________ 15. ___________ 14. ___________ 7. 1. ___________ 12. ache 2. sir? : Haven’t you done the sums I gave you? : Oh. Study skills: Write as many words as possible using the letters in the word “TEACHER. ___________ 13 . ___________ 8. ___________ 4. ___________ 10. “An example is given for you. eg. how forgetful am I! III. ___________ 3. ___________ 11.Shyam Teacher Shyam : You gave us any home work. ___________ 9.

1.SECTION .2. Vocabulary: The following are the words taken from the text “Swami Vivekananda Speaks” under Section B.1.1) I.D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (1. Kind Say Small Paths You - 14 . Find out the word / words from the same text with the same meaning and write them down. 8.

) (Rs.000 8. 2.) Jan.000 Dec. Then the group leader can rewrite them as a paragraph.000 1. 4.000 2.II. 6.000 4. The money spent by Naveen for the whole year.000 July 1.000 Oct.000 1.000 1.) (Rs. 1.000 6.000 Apr. The item on which he spent most.000 1.000 Aug.000 4.000 1.000 Nov.000 2. 1.) (Rs.000 1.000 Mar. 2. 3.GroEduca House Books Dress Tra th Cery -tion Rent -vel (Rs.000 May 5.000 1. Did he spend more on grocery or education? 5.000 1.) (Rs.000 1.000 1.000 Sept.000 - Write a sentence each on the following.000 Feb.000 1. 2. The month when he spent least.000 1.000 1.000 1. 15 .000 3. 1.000 2.000 1. 4. 2.000 June 3. Discuss with your friends the annual expenditure of Thiru Naveen last year as given in the table: Mon.000 1.000 2.000 1.000 1.000 2. Writing: Sit in groups of six. 5.000 1. 3.) (Rs. The month when he spent most.000 1.000 1.000 7.000 1.

6. The item on which he spent least. 7. When did he travel a lot? 8. Why do you think he spent more in June? 9. When do you think his children were the happiest? 10. What would you suggest to Naveen about his expenditure and budget?


O God Beautiful ‘*

O God beautiful, O God beautiful, At Thy feet, O I do bow! O God beautiful, O God beautiful, In the forest Thou art green; In the mountain Thou art high; In the river Thou art restless; In the ocean Thou art grave. O God beautiful, O God beautiful, At Thy feet, O I do bow! To the serviceful Thou art service; To the lover Thou art love; To the sorrowful Thou art sympathy; To the yogi Thou art bliss. O God beautiful, O God beautiful, At Thy feet, O I do bow! O God beautiful, O God beautiful! -Guru Nanak Translated by Paramahansa Yogananda and taken from Words of Cosmic Chants’

Glossary: bow grave sympathy bliss - /bau/ - /greiv/ - /simp@Ti/ - /blis/ bending the head or body as a sign of respect serious feeling of pity great joy

I. Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. Is God at rest in the river? Give a reason or two for your answer. 2. Who does he show sympathy? 3. Who enjoys bliss? 4. God is Love. What else is He? 5. Does the poet see himself as a lover and a yogi? Why? 6. Where does the poet find God? II. Match the following words with their suitable qualities. mountain ocean serviceful forest lover sorrowful yogi river restless service love green grave high sympathy bliss *****


14 Asking for permission to do something.10 To give the past tense spelling of verbs (with ‘ed’ ending). 1.6 5.II COMPETENCIES: 1. Giving directions / instructions. 19 .13 Identifying the time adverbials for different tenses.UNIT .9 The spelling of plural nouns with . 3.16 Suggesting politely. 2. 1.4 4. 2.4 9. Copying a text without errors.15 Suggesting probability of the occurrence of an activity.es and-ies ending.s. . to write correct spelling.2 Listening to announcements in school. Leave Letters. Understanding the meaning of unfamiliar words. 2. 2.4 7. Locating books in a library.2 6.8 Spelling of mono/disyllabic words in their base/lexical form.

13-2.6) I.K. sir. He sent a mail last week.1. the letters from the West are delayed due to the train accident. The Teacher will read the following dialogue. Could I ask the attendant to help you? [Balu meets the attendant] : Well. Listen carefully. sir? : Please do.SECTION-A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (2. Balu Post Master Balu Post Master Balu Post Master Balu Post Master Attendant Balu Attendant Balu : May I come in. : Is that so? Can I get some information regarding my mail? : You may try with the Sorting Office.16. : Keep walking. sir? 20 . : O. Would you please check it up? : You see. : Could you tell me the way? : I am a little busy. what can I do for you? : My father is in Mumbai. But I haven’t received it so far. : How far is it. As you go out of the Post Office. turn left.

Complete the sentence Balu’s father is in ....Attendant Balu Attendant I. Group work: 1. Glossary: : : : Just half a kilometer... What do you see there? 4. III. Cross the road carefully. If yes. What does Balu expect from the Post Master? 3.. Do you like to shift to that place? Why? Sit down in groups of six and discuss your answers..... Answer them orally.. delayed happened information - /dI|leid/ /|h{p@nd/ /Inf@|meiSn/ late occurred news II. Did Balu reach the Sorting Office? 5.. Then the teacher will ask you the following questions.. If no. 1... Thank you very much. find out. Have you ever been to a countryside or town? 2.... 21 ... Now practise the dialogue in groups taking roles. 3. What is the reason for the delay of the letter from Mumbai? 4.. answer the following.. I know now... What is this dialogue about? 2..... Do you like the place? 5... Take the right turn....

the Country Mouse got this letter from his cousin. They often wrote to each other. I have been ill with a cough and my doctor feels I need a holiday. 22 .B READING AND WRITING (5.SECTION . Kitchen Cupboard Mouse Town 11 March 2150 Dear Cousin. One day. He has asked me to spend a week in the countryside.2) THE TOWN MOUSE AND THE COUNTRYMOUSE The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse were cousins.

“The train was dreadful. So.” the Town Mouse said as soon as he got off the train. I feel terribly hot and thirsty. ”But I can look around for some coconut water if you like. “Oh. 23 .” he said to himself. Town Cousin To The Mouse Hole Mouse Country The Town Mouse packed his bags and caught the next train to the countryside.” “Well. there was nothing he could do about it. ”Don’t you have any orange juice or lemonade?”.” “Coconut water?” asked the Town Mouse in horror. Yours affectionately.May I please stay with you? With warm regards.” said the Country Mouse. “I wish there was an air-conditioned coach. However. “I feel very uncomfortable here”. The day was bright and sunny and soon the Town Mouse began to feel hot in the train. I have some water. The Country Mouse was waiting at the station. Cousin. I hope you have something ice-cold for me to drink at home. he grumbled to himself while the train chugged slowly into the country.

he suddenly thought of something. cold ground.” his cousin replied.” he called out. “Yes. “But I don’t eat raw food like that. “There you are.” “Root? Sugar-cane?” the Town Mouse exclaimed. you can sleep there.” “On the ground?” asked the Town Mouse. this is how we sleep in the country. It’s not bad.” his cousin answered.“I am afraid not. So. “Why is it so quiet here? Where are all the cars and lorries? Where are the radios and the televisions? Where are all the lights?” “This is how it is in the country.” replied his cousin.” The Town Mouse did not enjoy his dinner at all. “This is what we eat in the country. He nibbled at the root and the sugar-cane and then said he wanted to sleep. As the Town Mouse lay down on the hard. “It’s always quiet in the country. The Country Mouse showed a corner in the mouse hole and said. “But I found a very nice piece of root today and a tender bit of sugar-cane. Try it. “Do I have to sleep on the ground?” “Yes.” 24 .” The Country Mouse said. I’m sure you will enjoy that. “Cousin. what is it?” the Country Mouse asked. I’m afraid you too have to eat this.

) TOWN MOUSE 25 . “Thank you. I have suddenly remembered that I have forgotten something.” said the Town Mouse to himself. “We are sure to find something there.” But the Town Mouse had enough. I am worried about you. Cousin.” he said.) COME SOON (.” A few days later. His cousin told him that they had to go to the nearby farm to hunt for food. the Town Mouse. Mouse Hole Mouse Country 22 March 2150 My dear Cousin. the Country Mouse wrote to his cousin. I would like to visit you and make sure you are alright. Here is the letter. OVERJOYED (. With love. “A nice piece of root or a tender bit of sugar-cane. “But I think I’ll catch the next train home. Your Cousin. Here is his telegram.‘The country is a strange place.” Next morning. Country Mouse The Town Mouse read this letter four times. the Town Mouse found that there was no breakfast ready. “I don’t think I like here.” he said. I hope you are well.

“All this noise has made my head ache.A few days later. slabs of chocolate and huge piece of lovely cheese. There was bread and jam.” But the Country Mouse did not like it at all. “Some water and a little bit of food.” Sure enough.” answered the Country Mouse. different kinds of furits. Cousin.. “This is the town. He was surprised by the noise and the lights. “That is the noise made by thousands of buses and lorries and cars and even aeroplanes.. “Why are there lights even in the middle of the day?” he asked.” his cousin replied.” the Town Mouse replied.” said the Town Mouse produly. the house of the Town Mouse at the back of a kitchen cupboard was full of the most delicious food. 26 .ice cold lemonade.” “I have plenty of food. “That is the traffic. the Country Mouse arrived in town.” he said. “You can eat as much as you like. “Here there are lights even in the middle of the night. orange juice . “Look at what there is for you . “Could I have some water to drink?” “Why only water?” said the Town Mouse.” “And what is this dreadful noise that never stops?” asked the Country Mouse. which one do you want? “Just some water.

” said the Town Mouse. We are safe now.“Eat.” So. but at least we can eat in peace. they had to run for safety when somebody opened the cupboard door. Cousin. the next day. But just then. The Country Mouse got quite tired of the running and hiding. When everything was silent again. And as far as I know. “That was only somebody opening the cupboard door. “Come out now. “We may not get much food there. The country Mouse felt his heart beating very fast. run. the Town Mouse crept out of the hole. Cousin.” The Town Mouse pushed the Country Mouse out through a hole in the back of the cupboard. “I want to go back to the country.” But they were not safe for very long. He was quite cheerful again.” he said. “But what is it?” he asked. “Sssh” whispered the Town Mouse. “Wait”. the Country Mouse went back to his house in the country and the Town Mouse stayed on in his cupboard in the town. there was a sound like thunder and the Town Mouse shouted. run. ”Run. they did not visit each other again. Cousin.” he said. Twice more. eat. Glossary: countryside grumbled chugged dreadful -/ |kVntrisaid/ -/|grVmbld/ -/tSVgd/ -/|dredfl/ 27 village complained in a low voice the slow movement of an engine unbearable .

5. Lemonade 2. 3. 28 . Answer the following questions. Where did his cousin take him for breakfast? b. How did the Town Mouse go to the country? 2. 1. Comprehension a. Why did the Country Mouse feel his heart beating very fast? 5. 1. List at least five items of food and drink mentioned in the story.terrible lemonade nibbled strange delicious slab huge cheese thunder whispered quite -/t|er@bl/ -/lem@|neid/ -/|nIbld / -/streIndZ/ -/dI|lIS@s/ -/sl{b/ -/hju:dZ/ -/tSi:z/ -/|TVnd@/ -/|wisp@d/ -/kwaIt/ unpleasant lemon juice took small bites of food not familiar tasty flat piece big a food item made of milk loud noise heard after lightning murmured completely I. 4. Could he sleep well in the hole? 4. Did he enjoy the journey? Why? 3.

4. low noise 1. 5. friends and others.c. You have read a model of an informal letter in the lesson “The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse”. loud noise II.We use friendly and conversational style. 2. List them in the table below. 5. Informal or personal letters 2. 3. 3. 2. Note below the different parts of an informal letter : 1 Kitchen Cupboard Mouse Town 11th March 2150 2 Dear Cousin 29 . Letter Writing 1. Formal or official letters Informal letters are written to our relatives. 4. 1. There are many words which describe low noise and loud noise of various kinds in the lesson.

We use polite and serious style. Body of the letter 4. Leave taking or subscription 5. etc.I have been ill with a cough and my doctor feels I need a holiday.Sec. invitations. May I please stay with you? With warm regards. Town Cousin To The Mouse Hole Mouse Country 5 The different parts of an informal letter are 1. 30 ->1<- Chennai 9th August 1998 . applications.School Chennai -5. He has asked me to spend a week in the country side.Elizabeth 14. 3 4 Yours affectionately. Girls Hr. Address on the envelope or the superscription III. Formal Letters are business letters. Anna Salai Chennai-2 To The Headmistress Govt. The Heading 2. Greeting or Salutation 3. Note below the parts of a formal letter From G.

My parents have planned to go to Shrine Velankanni at Nagapattinam. Thirunavakkarasu at Ananda Mahal. Mrs. Sec. With best compliments from Friends and relatives 31 . 6.5. 5.1998. 4 5 To The Headmistress.Madam. 6 Yours obediently G. Rajammal Arjunan and Mr.Elizabeth The date and the heading Address of the receiver Greeting or salutation Body of the letter Leave taking or subscription Address on the envelope or superscription 1. Read the following invitation. 2. Thanking you. Rajapalayam on the 27th of January 2004 at 9.8. 3. Prabhu with Priya. the daughter of Mrs and Mr. Girls Hr. 1.00 a. 4. Chennai . School. Govt.m. Please grant me leave for three days from 10. Arjunan cordially invite you to the wedding of their son A.

Indian Airlines for reservation. Use the letter of The Town Mouse as a model. a week ahead of the wedding and take part in the arrangements also. It decides to take a flight. As the telephone lines don’t work. Write the letter of the Town Mouse.Your uncle has invited you for his son’s wedding. It wants to reserve a ticket by the Indian Airlines to a town nearest to the Country side. 32 . Write a letter informing him that you will reach his place. it sends a letter to the branch manager. The Town Mouse does not get a ticket to reach the Country side. 2.

Examples Monosyllabic mouse Field coach country letter thunder Disyllabic Read the monosyllabic and disyllabic words from the letter of the town mouse in this lesson and make the students underline those words. Vocabulary a.9. 33 .8. Dictate monosyllabic and disyllabic words and ask the students to write them. Ask the other groups to tick the correct spelling and correct the wrong ones. Ask them to memorise the spelling for a dictation exercise the next day.10) I.SECTION C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1.1. Divide the class into groups of five or six. At the end of the dictation make the leader of each group write the dictated words on the black board.1.

b. Read the following sentences. 2. brush. for some time. Look at the following singular and plural form Singular pen girl glass mango baby Plural pens girls glasses mangoes babies The plural of nouns are formed by adding -s or -es. We shifted to Delhi last year. 3. enemy. book. listen. I finished my homework very early. Add -ed to the following verbs and fill in the blanks. tax. watch. He _________ T. Write the plural forms of the words given. return. switch. Such verbs are called regular verbs. road. 34 . 1. or –ies to the singular form.V. army. repeat Mohan ____________ from school at 5:00 pm yesterday. match. The past forms of some verbs are formed by adding-ed. Later he _________ on the tape and __________ to some songs. desk c. The girls played kabbadi yesterday.

Read the following dialogue. 3. May I get an application form for scholarship? We have not yet received them from the office. Grammar I. In that case you might try to get it from the office. What do you want? Sir. sir. ‘in the morning’. Hassan left home at dawn. Priya attends the special class in the evening. The first answer is done for you. Read the following sentences and underline the ‘adverbials of time’. 2. of course. Sekar met his friend two days ago. The doctor arrives this morning. 3. But my parents are leaving for Varanasi in two days. rat 10. Read the following sentences 1. 1. 35 Headmaster : Gopal : . Thank you. 5. 4. I attended the marriage last month. ‘Last month’. Wake me up at five o’ clock. Gopal : Headmaster : Gopal : Headmaster Gopal : : May I come in.00 am’ are adverbials of time. The President will meet the press at 10:00 am. sir? Yes. 2. We shall go on a trip in the morning.II. 2. 1. You may come after a week.

No. Then the same poem will be written on the black board. Exchange your note books for correction. 2. Strategic Skill 1. Study Skills You are interested in locating a few books on Tamil Literature in the Library. books will be arranged as in the order given in a dictionary. ‘Might’ is used for polite suggestion. (eg. Write the poem ‘O God Beautiful’ in the note book. Rearrange the books given below as per the Librarian’s direction. Thembavani Veeramamunivar IV. Name of the book Author 1. Your teacher will dictate the poem ‘The Post Man’. ‘May’ is also used for suggesting probability. the librarian merely gives the following:All books are arranged according to the name of the first three letters of the author. If the first three letters are the same for two authors. III. S. Collected songs Bharathiyar 2. B H A for Bharathiyar) 2. Don’t make mistakes while copying. ‘May’ is the expression used in asking for permission. Thiruvasakam Manickavasakar 6. Thevaram Appar 3. When you reach the library. Puratchikavi Bharathidasan 4. 36 1. . 2. 3. Thirupugazh Arunagirinathar 5.Note: 1.

6.12. III.12.12.2001 19. You will have Christmas holidays from 24th December st to 1 January 2002.12.2001 22. 1. a.2.12.2001 21. The tourists from Japan are arriving at 7 O’ clock in the morning.13. torch 5. desk 6. Write the plural forms of the following nouns.2001 23. Note down the dates and subjects carefully.2001 17. story 2. They are leaving for Kancheepuram in the afternoon.D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (1.12.4. Underline the adverbials of time in the following passage.4) I.3. They are leaving for Madurai tonight.2001 20. cake 3. The half yearly examination will start on 16th December. class 4.SECTION . 16.12.9. Your class teacher reads the following announcement. company II. The following time table will be followed. Listen to her.2001 18.2001 Language English Mathematics Holiday Holiday Science Holiday Social Science 37 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm .12.

2001. 4.10. Suruli falls and Vaigai dam during the Dassara holidays from 2. 3. IV. You want to take her to hospital Write a letter to your class teacher requesting her to grant you leave for one day to take your mother to hospital. Your mother is sick. Write a letter to your friend inviting him / her to join you on a trip to Andaman Islands between the 10th and 20th of next month. A sum of Rs. Your class teacher has planned for an educational trip to Munnar.is the fee for the tour.2001 to 10.Answer the following questions: 1. 750/. 2. Do you have a holiday for Mathematics? What subject do you have on 22nd December? What is the duration of the examination? How many days will you get for Christmas holidays? When does the examination start and end? b. How will you make an announcement of this tour programme to the class. Thekkadi.10. 38 . III. 5.

a tough dog.bark ./l@un/ . without a partner . to make a person or an animal angry .Irene R. Hunting on my own./f{ts@Ulz/ 39 ./bei/ . .fat dogs . I’m a rough dog.provoke. and lone. A wild dog. a keen dog.SECTION .single.E LONE DOG I am a lean dog. I’m a bad dog. Teasing silly sheep. a mad dog./ti:zIN/ . I love to sit and bay the moon To keep fat souls from sleep. McLeod Glossary: lone testing bay fat souls .

Lean 1.EXERCISES I. Rough Bad Lone Actions Teasing 40 . What is the connection between the dog barking at the moon and fat dogs keeping awake? II. 3. What does the dog look like? 3. Answer each of the following questions n a sentence or two: 1. Write down the words from the poem in the respective columns which have the same sound as underlined in the word given. What is the poem about? 2. Fill in the blanks with suitable words or phrases from the poem. What are the qualities of the dog? 4. 4. 5. 2. Qualities Rough and tough Likes most 2. 1.

3 6. 2. Dictation: Five or six simple sentences on a familiar theme. 3. Using present tense for habitual actions. 4. Reading and understanding the content of tables / charts. 41 .UNIT – III COMPETENCIES: 1.11 Using past tense for completed past actions with time adverbials.4 4.5 5. Be able to refer to a dictionary for meaning and spelling.7 2.10 Using present tense for universal truth. 2. Greeting cards / Different types of greetings.1 8. Giving information. Looking for the gist of a text. Syllabification for reading and spelling purposes for disyllabic and trisyllabic words.9 Identifying parts of the human body.6 1.3 Using future tense for planned future actions.3 7. Listening and doing.2 Asking for information.

wake up.30 Chandar : mmm . is it so? Sundar : Why are you late today? It’s time for our morning parade. 2.11. 2. Sundar : So what? Chandar : That disturbed my sleep. 2. Listen carefully. Can’t we avoid this war? 42 . WAR AND PEACE Sundar : Chandar. I see. Chandar : Don’t you know that I always get up at 5. I lay awake all night and was thinking about the impending war with our neighbour. 2.12) I. It’s already 5. The teacher will read the following dialogue.SECTION A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (3.9. Sundar : Oh.3..10..00 in the morning to be ready for the parade? I have a severe headache. Chandar : Last night.

: Before that.Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar : We are a peace loving nation. Teacher will ask you the following questions. Anyhow it’s our duty to fight for the nation. Practise the dialogue in groups taking roles. : You’re right. I’m confused. I know. the sun rises in the east. Answer them orally. : What do you pray? : I always pray for a world without war. Don’t you know that I start my day only after worshipping the Sun God. Glossary : parade impending disturb - /p@|reid/ military exercise /im|pendiN/ an unpleasant event to happen very soon | /dis t3:b/ to break the calm of II. you’re running a temperature. We will see the camp doctor. let me go up to the terrace and watch the Sunrise as I usually do.. mmm . : Can you climb the stairs? : . : Of course.When does Chander get up in the morning? 43 .) Oh. I am prepared to lay down my life for my mother land yet : A world without war is still a dream. (in the terrace) : Why do you look to the west? After all. : What about meeting the captain? : We will meet the captain as planned in the evening.. (Sundar touches Chandar’s head and takes the temperature.. 1.. This war is forced on us.

2. Rs. 2. Rs. 4. What disturbed his sleep? Did he dream lying in the bed? Who will the soldiers meet as planned? What does Chandar pray to the Sun God? II. Pictures Why they are important 44 . 1. 5. Complete the table. 3. Discuss why they are printed there. 10). Look at the pictures and words in them. Sit in groups of five. Collect some coins and currency notes (Re.

He started as an incomparable warrior and ended up as the noblest human being.This battle proved to be the turning point of his life He was the only military monarch who abandoned warfare after victory.He decided to win people’s heart through love and compassion. He was an emperor from 273 BC until his death.He was the third emperor of the Mauryan dynasty and one of the greatest rulers of ancient India. He conquered men’s heart by the Law of Duty and Dharma and embraced Buddhism and became an ardent Buddhist. He made 45 . He killed his brothers and ascended the throne.3. He was the son of Bindusara and the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya. He was inhuman and brutal during the early years of his rule. As the crown prince. 6.SECTION -B READING AND WRITING (5.3) THE HUMANE MONARCH Ashoka is unique among the Eastern Monarchs.The resulting bloodshed made him aware of the futility of warfare. 3. he was the Viceroy of Ujjain. He conquered Kalinga after a fierce battle.3.

He introduced several welfare measures for the benefit of the people. I will work for the welfare of all folk”. He instructed his Governors and officials to be just and merciful in their governance. pillars and cave walls. dug wells and planted trees.These are the words of Asoka. He faithfully followed Buddhism and tried his best to spread the Dharma. He gave comfort and solace to his subjects through his words and deeds. He disapproved and condemned the meaningless rituals prevalent in the society. He built hospitals. After becoming a Buddhist. “All men are my children. So he opened animal sanctuaries. Asoka inscribed the Buddha’s teachings on rocks. He loved all beings. He set up a number of monasteries. He gave up eating meat and his favourite sport hunting. He banned the killing of birds and the slaughtering of animals. He became a Buddhist monk and the people saw in him a saintly father. He built as many as 8. He sent missionaries to Ceylon and several other countries to spread the religion.400 Buddhist Vihars during his life time. he led an austere life. He lived up to the teachings of the Buddha. . Glossary: incomparable dynasty ascended conquer embrace - /in|kbmp@r@bl/ that nothing can be compared to /di|n{sti/ succession of rulers belonging to one family /@|sendid/ became a king / kQNk@/ to defeat enemies | / em breis/ to accent a set of beliefs 46 .Buddhism the state religion. They are called edicts.

1. c. How did he win people’s heart? 3. He introduced welfare measures only for the benefit of his relatives and friends. 1.sanctuary prevalent ardent - / |s{NktSuari/ / |prev@l@nt/ /a:d@nt/ an area where animals are protected that exists at a particular time or place enthusiastic I. 2. Chandragupta Maurya was the grandfather of Asoka. 1. Comprehension a. Answer each of the following questions in one or two sentences. Did he love animals? b. Why did he send missionaries to several countries? 4. Complete the sentences choosing the correct answer from the options given. Say ‘True’ or ‘False’. Give word or words from the text in support of your choice. People loved him because ________________________ ____________________________________________ a) b) he was a great ruler he was full of love and compassion 47 . How did Asoka become the king? 2.

... He inscribed the Buddha’s teachings on rocks because a) he was a Buddhist monk.... thank you........... (eg)............... please have a piece of cake................................................... New Year is one such occasion................. ..................... II........... 48 ........ ................2........ On special occasions.............. New Year Wish you a happy new year (Signature) Fill in the cards to convey your greetings: Christmas/Deepavali /Ramzan ...... b) he built hospitals and sanctuaries.... Writing Read the following dialogue....... What’s special today? Today is my birthday..................... we greet our friends and relatives.. We have many more such special occasions..................... Very many happy returns of the day.......... Good.. Murugan Uncle Murugan Uncle : : : : Uncle... Oh...

................................ ................................................................................. ............ ............................. ................................................................................................... .......... 49 ............................................................................................ ...................... Think of any other such occasion and write the greetings................................................................................................................. .................................................

There was a magic show at the school yesterday. It began at five o’ clock and ended at six. (Note: Each syllable should have a vowel sound) Eg: disyllabic trisyllabic attack property at tack property Asoka was the third emperor 3 of the Mauryan dynasty3 and one of the greatest2 rulers2 of ancient2 India2. Vocabulary Read the following sentences taken from the text. 2.12. Read the following and pick out the disyllabic and trisyllabic words and tabulate them as shown.2) I. 2. 7. Disyllabic Words Trisyllabic Words 50 .C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1.SECTION . 2.11.7. a. It was comical and amusing. 8. The disyllabic and trisyllabic words are underlined.

prevalente 3. The first sentence is given for you. Sir. missionary. come to the black board. misseniry c. fullfil. Teacher : II. 2. ( Shankar writes it on the blackboard ) ( Turning to the class ) It seems Shankar is not sure about the spelling of a few words. Look at what you have written and write it on the blackboard. Find out the correct spelling of the words and copy them in your note book. The following words have been spelt differently. 51 . missionery. prevalent. privelant. prevelant. sanctuary. fulfil. fulfill.b. Teacher Pupils Teacher : : : Have you all done the assignment I gave you a few minutes ago? Yes. sit in pairs and refer to the dictionary. Shankar. Grammar a Tense: Present Simple Simple present tense is usually used to refer to habitual actions. Refer to a dictionary and tick the right spelling of the words. l. Note: The teacher gives the pupils an assignment asking them to write a short note on Kalinga War. sanctuari. Now. sancteury. sancteary 4. fulfell. missionory. (after 10 minutes) He/She opens up a class discussion. Write a paragraph of all that usually happens and all things you do in your school (Use the words given).

..... 3....... Some of them refer to the cries of animals....... Metals expand when heated............ 6............. Others refer to unchangeable truths and facts Dogs bark The sun rises in the east Elephants trumpet Foxes howl Water boils at 100°C The earth moves round the sun The cat mews..... The Lion roars.................. 5...... Ice melts when heated.....Reach (8............. Discuss in groups of five and tabulate them as given in the example............... The cats mew 2. Ice melts when heated 2...... 4................. 4.. ............. 3.............. 52 Unchangeable facts 1.... 5............ 6..................20) / clean / ring (8:30) / move in a line / start (8:40) / learn / have lunch / afternoon sessions (12:10) / begin / play / close (3:30) / reach (4:30) I reach school at 8: 20 …………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… ......... b Look at the following sentences......... ............. Noise of animals 1...

(i) Read the following humorous verse and answer the questions: The lady of Niger There was a young lady of Niger. Where was the lady when the tiger and the lady returned from the ride? 4. Who went for a ride on a tiger. Read the following dialogue Praveena Gayathri Praveena Gayathri Praveena Gayathri : : : : : : Where did you go yesterday? I went to the zoo yesterday. Where did you go? 53 . What did you see there? I saw a number of wild animals in their cages Which animal looked ferocious? The Tiger was ferocious to look at. Where did the lady live? 2. Vijay! I visited your house yesterday. They returned from the ride With the lady inside And a smile on the face of the tiger. Vijay : Hello. 1.c Tense: Past Past simple tense is usually used to refer to past actions. Who rode on a tiger? 3. You weren’t there. Why was there a smile on the face of the tiger? (ii) Read the conversation between two friends Vijay and Karthik.

I left home very early.Karthik Vijay Karthik Vijay Karthik Vijay Karthik : I went to see the football match between our school and Brindavan school.Use the table given below.Our school scored the winning goal in the last minute and won the match. : By the way who won the match last year? : Even last year. Brindavan School scored the equalizer. : Oh! When did you reach home? : I reached home very late. our school won the match Pick out the verbs in past tense and the adverbials. : How was the match? Was it interesting yesterday? : The match started exactly at 5 pm.Tabulate them below: Verbs in past tense Adverbials (iii) Tense:Future time reference using ‘will’ Here is a letter from Kandan to Arjun. Our school played well and scored the first goal before half time immediately after. 54 .Read the letter and write a reply to Kandan giving the information required by him.

Please inform me the places we would visit and how long we would stay in each of the places. Refer to the dictionary and rewrite all these words with correct spelling and meaning. Dec Pondicherry Auroville th 19 Dec Arrival at Natarajar Temple. Sarfoji Library th 16 Dec Arrival at Kumbakonam temple Kumbeswarar 17 th Arrival at Saneeswarar Temple Dec Thirunallar 18th Arrival at Aurobindo’s Ashram. Chidambaram Annamalai University th 20 Dec Departure to Chennai — 21st Dec Arrivalat Chennai — 7 III. Date 1 2 3 4 5 6 15lh Dec Town Places that will be visited Arrival Tanjore Thanjai Periakoil. Your loving friend. 08. I am fine. Study skills: Read the following paragraph : Some words are incomplete in spelling.Salem. (Kandan) Sl.2002 My dear Arjun.12. No. 55 .. How are you? I am writing this letter to ask you about our plan for a picnic from 15 December to 26th December.

Once a king was there in his p_ l _ ce. A gate k _ _ per was wa_king up and down in front of the g_ _t. A f_ _ mer came there with a bask _ t of fr _ _ ts on his h_ _d. He w_ nt _ d to talk to the ki _ _. IV. Occupational Skills Read the following railway timetable and answer the questions given below: Train Name Chennai Chennai Mysore Bangalore Shatabdi Brindavan Express 2007 1A CC Except Tuesday Express 2639 CC 2S11 Daily Guwahati Bangalore Express 5626 2A 3A 3SL II Tuesday, Sunday 11:40 12:05

Train Number Class of accommodation Days of operation from originating station and time Chennai KM a Central O d Arakaonam JN Katpadi JN



a 69 d a d Jolarpaettai JN 214 a d Bangalore 361 a Cantonment d Bangalore 361 a 10:50 City d 11:00

08:57 09:00 10:25 10:30 12:58 13:00 13:20

14:10 14:15 15:45 15:50 19:15 19:20 19:50

1. When does the train Chennai - Brindavan Express leave Chennai Central? 2. When does it arrive at Katpadi? 3. When does it leave Katpadi? 4. When does the train Guwahati- Bangalore Express arrive at Central? 5. How many trains start from Chennai and terminate at Bangalore? 6. How long does Chennai Mysore Shatabdi Express take to reach Bangalore from Chennai? 7. Which is the fastest train between Chennai and Bangalore?


(4.4, 4.5, 1.6, 2.9) I. Listening The teacher dictates the following dialogue. The students write down in their note book. Customer Waiter Customer Waiter Customer Waiter : : : : : : Waiter, there are some coins in my soup Well, you said you wanted some change in your meal. I have got a piece of meat. All right. I will cut it into two for you. There is a fly in my soup. Don’t worry sir. He won’t drink much.

II. Speaking For asking information politely, we use modals like can and could. Your school has decided to send you for a competition on Subramaniya Bharathiyar. You go to the library and talk to the Librarian. Student Librarian Student Librarian Student Librarian Student : Can you tell me if our library has a book on Bharathiyar’s Poems? : Yes, we have. : Could I borrow it for a few days? : Yes, of course. But someone has borrowed it. : Can I borrow it on Friday? : Yes. : Can I xerox. a few pages from the book? Could you permit me?

Asking someone the way to the Railway Station. I will. A son asking his father about computers ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 3. 59 .) Robust : Anand : Robust : My name is Robust. Recall the sentences in the dialogue above using can/ could. What is the secret? I’m Robust because my internal organs function well. Mr. Robust. A patient asking a doctor about by-pass surgery ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ III. Frame similar questions for the following situations.. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 2.Librarian Student Librarian : By all means. who is adjudged ‘Mr. He comes to the front of the class and says.. you look robust and healthy. Now I request some of my internal organs who keep me healthy and cheerful to talk to you about their functions.School’. Vocabulary (A boy in the class plays the role of Robust. : Could you suggest some more books for refereence? : Yes. 1.

4. intestines used for biting and chewing food. can you tell me now how the other internal organs function to keep you fit? Match the following 1. I connect all parts of the body to the brain. 5. thoughts. kidneys an organ attached to the liver. My function is to pump blood to all parts of the body.brain spinal cord lungs heart spleen Robust: - I control movement. I control the quality of the blood. liver a long tube between the stomach and the anus. My function is to breathe. teeth an organ that cleans the blood. 3. memory and feelings. Friends. 60 . 2. gall bladder an organ that removes waste from the blood and produces urine.

Example: Rabbit It lives in a hole. Choose the name of an animal. Discuss and write down as many habits of the animal as possible. 61 . It runs very fast. Sit in groups of six.IV. It eats plants and vegetables. Grammar The teacher gives the class the name of an animal and asks them what they know about its habits.

POP! One took a nap in a cactus pile .POP! One fell in love with a porcupine .POP! One looked close in a crocodile’s mouth .WHOOSH! Eight balloons no one was buyin’ They broke loose and away they flew. One flew up to touch the sun . 62 . Free to float and free to fly And free to pop where they wanted to.POP! One sat around till his air ran out . Free to do what they wanted to.POP! One stayed to play with a careless child POP! One tried to taste some bacon fryin’ . Eight balloons with strings a flyin’.POP! One thought highways might be fun .E EIGHT BALLOONS Eight balloons no one was buyin’ All broke loose one afternoon.SECTION .

Glossary: strings pop highways nap cactus


/striNz / /pQp / /|haiweiz/ /n{p /

- /k{kt@s/

pile - /pail / bacon - /|beik@n/ porcupine - /|spO:kjupain/

thread for tying things short, sharp bursting sound main roads short rest; in this poem, it means ‘caught’. a desert plant with thorny stems. one on top of the other meat of a pig a small animal covered with thorns

Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. How did the balloons become free? How many balloons got burst? Why did one balloon go on the highways? What were the thorny surfaces? How many balloons fell on thorny surfaces. How many balloons burst due to heat?

Do you like to fly kites? Well, here is a poem on kite-flying. Enjoy reading the poem. WHAT SHALL YOU BUY? What shall you buy? A kite that will fly Up to the moon, All through the sky!

But if, when it gets there, It should stay in the air, Or the man in the moon Should open the door, And take it in with his long, long paw We should sing to another tune, oh!


1.3 1.4 1.5 Using unfamiliar words in speech/writing. Locate words and meanings in the dictionary. Identifying words related to the home and immediate surroundings. 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Identifying the elements in a sentence. Differentiating transitive and intransitive verbs, Defining the elements of a sentence. Generating more sentences in each pattern (SV/SVC/SVO) 3.2 4.3 5.4 6.2 Listening to the teacher’s instructions and carrying them out. Answering common questions in the classroom/from real life. Scanning a text for specific information. Writing a parallel paragraph.

7.2 Abstracting the given information. 9.1 Preparing for a lesson in advance


Just sit down and be quiet. He has come to talk to you on personal cleanliness. Listen carefully. How are you? Let me introduce Dr.Good morning. Do I hear some noise from the corner? Don’t make so much of noise. 66 . Sorry. The teacher will read the following dialogue. Madam.Sathya Seelan to you.3) I.SECTION . Don’t come late.A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (3.4.2. (A boy comes late). Haven’t you cleaned the board yet? Rani. (The Headmaster enters the class with a tail man) Here he is. KEEP CLEAN Teacher Children Teacher : : : Teacher : Headmaster: Teacher : Children. Try to be on time. Listen to him carefully. clean the board. Close your books and note books. Good morning doctor.

twelve hands are up.. Do you keep your hands clean? I always wash my hands after playing. 67 . Wash them before you eat.. at night. What is the dialogue about? What does the doctor want us to keep clean? Who introduces the doctor? Mention two other exercises which will keep you fit. 3. /|klinik/ /|d3:ti/ /tOilit/ hospital not clean lavatory Glossary: clinic dirty toilet II. Wash them after you’ve been to the toilet. My little brother puts his fingers into his mouth. I brush my teeth every morning. One. Take to some games and play regularly. My mother cuts his nails every week. Answer them orally. What exercise do you suggest to keep fit? : Exercise? Good. Oh! That is nice. before you go to bed. Yes. babies do that. put up your hands. Now practise the dialogue in groups taking roles. But that’s not enough. Brush your teeth every night also. 1.. 2.. jogging and swimming are some of the exercises.two. At night? Yes. a. 4. Thank you doctor for your advice.Doctor : Priya Doctor Sharon Doctor Sharon Nithya Doctor Nithya Doctor Preethi Swarna Doctor : : : : : : : : : : : : Those who know me. Then the teacher will ask you the following questions. Cycling.

Pupil-1 Pupil-2 Pupil-3 Pupil-4 68 . Sports Games/ person Sports Representation (Country/State) I admire her/ him because. 5.. 6. 4. III. Why does the doctor want us to brush our teeth before going to bed? What would happen if we don’t follow the doctor’s advice? Write down at least two other habits which keep you neat and tidy... 3. b. tabulate your answers and compare them. 1. What games do they represent? When did they represent the state or the country? How did you come to know of him/her? Do you admire him/her? Why? Sit down in groups of five.5. 2. Group work Answer the following. Name four sports persons from Tamil Nadu.

2. One is Sachin Tendulkar. He won his first medal and moved to higher levels of competition.B READING AND WRITING (5. Kutraleeswaran took to swimming when he was in Standard II.4. Soon he started participating in various long distance swimming competitions across the world. He started practising in the sea. He was born in the year 1981. We can at least think of two youngsters who have achieved greatness. 3. Some have greatness thrust upon them. The other is Kutraleeswaran.SECTION . He was drawn towards Marina. The first event he participated was known as the “Rippon Meet”.2) THE YOUNG ACHIEVER Some are born great. 6. He made his debut for India in test cricket when he was sixteen. Some achieve greatness. the child prodigy from Chennai who created waves as a swimmer. 69 . He used to swim for hours together. He is hailed as the boy wonder of Mumbai.

That was how his name and picture got into the Guinness Book of World records. He was invited by many countries. That was his first cross country swimming. He instantly became popular. He declined the offer politely because he was an Indian to the core. He visited England. That was a record of sorts. Glossary: debut hailed prodigy /|deibju:/ /heild/ /|prQd@dZi/ /|pin@kl/ /|ginis/ /|inst@ntli/ /p3:si|vi@r@ns/ the first appearance in sports praised and called person with a remarkable ability the highest point book of world records immediately continuous effort for an achievement notable action totally pinnacle Guinness instantly perseverance - performance .Kutraleeswaran swam across the English Channel. Here is an interesting incident. Australia. They offered Kutraleeswaran all training facilities. provided he represented their country. He reached the pinnacle when he swam six water ways in the same calendar year./p@|fOm@ns/ core . He owes his success to two things./kO:/ 70 . they were impressed by his performance. namely. When Kutraleeswaran went to Italy in 1994. Turkey and Italy. He swam the Palk Straits at a very young age in record time. practice and perseverance.

_________________________________ England is the only foreign country.I. 5. How did Kutraleeswaran become great? 2. _________________________________ Kutraleeswaran is a child prodigy. _________________________________ 71 2. Collect atleast two more pieces of information about Kutraleeswaran and write them down. If false. b. Kutraleeswaran has visited. _________________________________ Kutraleeswaran became popular in 1994. What are the things needed for success in sports and games? 3. State whether the following statements are True or False. . Kutraleeswaran was born great. Why was Kutraleeswaran called a child prodigy? Consult your friends. Comprehension a Answer the following questions in one or two sentences each. What for did Kutraleeswaran’s name find a place in the Guinness Book of Records? 4. 4. 1. 1. 3. _________________________________ Kutraleeswaran was good only at long distance swimming. rewrite them correctly. What happened when Kutraleeswaran became popular? 5.

Italy name included in Guinness Book of Records. He went to the Marina. Hints: Kutraleeswaran .interested in swimming .1987 practises a lot . He swam for many hours. He swam across the Palk Strait. 72 .Chess Player -age 15 – youngest grandmaster of India 2. His name was included in the Guinness Book of Records.swims across .II.had practice . He was interested in swimming. It is on the early achievements of Kutraleeswaran. Hints: 1.Palk Strait .swimming in the sea .young boy . Read the following hints and write similar paragraphs.Chess Player -age 18 – first Grandmaster of India -the World Junior title . Viswanathan Anand .first non white player to complete the world final. He visited Italy in 1994. He practised swimming in the sea.many hours . Harikrishna .1994 .. Paragraph: Kutraleeswaran was a young boy. WRITING Look at the following hints and the paragraph below.goes to Marina ..

1) I.8.2. Vocabulary. clinic. cycle h. radio j. hall g.6. sand e. market. (Kutraleeswaran S swam in the sea. flower. tap i. Circle the odd word in each of the following sets. umbrella d. . sofa c. light II. ground. 2. 3.SECTION . (He bagged gold medals) S V O 73 2. window. gate. refrigerator. 2. bed. Kutraleeswaran swam in the sea. stove. book. dress. (He was twelve. bud. shelf.) V A He was twelve. 1. a. leaf. lamp. 2. sunlight. bus. car. Grammar: Look at the following sentences taken from the Section B.5.) S V C He bagged gold medals. 2. road. 9.C ACTIVITIES BASED ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1. table. fan. plant. grinder. lorry.7. soap. verandah. shop. bath f. street.5. temple. 7. television. tree b.

Sent. are. If the verb phrase ends the meaning of the sentence.The naming words/word which represents the person / thing that performs the action is called Subject. Is’ is the auxiliary. were) and the verbs to seem.l swam) The action word may complete the meaning of the sentence or may need more words to complete the meaning. to become’ always take a complement.3 gold medals) NOTE: In “She is a girl. Sent. 1 Kutraleeswaran) The action words/word is called Verb. Sent. it is called the intransitive verb(vi) and the words following them usually answer the questions . it is said to be a transitive verb (vi) . 74 . These words are referred to as Adjuncts. where.in the sea) If the verb phrase requires another word/words to complete the meaning.twelve) If the action verb is other than those mentioned above and requires a word to complete the meaning. In “She is reading a letter. (eg. Sent.” ‘is’ is a part of the verbal phrase ‘is reading’ and the verb is ‘read’.” ‘is’ is a verb.2 . (eg. it is a Complement or an Object as the case may be. (eg. the ‘be’ verbs (am. In English. why and how.direct or indirect. is. to appear. (eg.l . was. Sent. fly. (Some verbs can be either transitive or intransitive eg. (eg.when. smoke) The words following it may be an Object .

I went home late. My mother gave me food. : Yes. Let me go to my class. vi Teacher Headmistress Teacher 75 . Miss Sumathi has won the vt gold medal. I went to bed.a. I felt sleepy. b. Give her a scholarship. vt : Thank you. : Good. The verbs in them have been marked transitive (vt) or intransitive (vi). Inform vi vi her parents about it. Look at the following dialogue. Tick (2 ) them if they are right and correct them if they are wrong. My father was angry. I will. I could not study. Madam. Thank you. (HM’s room) Headmistress : Good morning. Your friend wants to identify the underlined elements of the sentences in the following paragraph. Please come in vi and sit down. Help her to do it.

Help her to write four more sentences using them. 76 . 1.Look at the following extract. d. She has the following words about your mother. sweeps. a part of India. affectionate. III. Your younger sister has been asked to write a paragraph describing your mother. 2. 3. Afghanistan was a part of India. teaches. in the plains of the Indus and the Ganges. kind. There were Aryan settlements all over North India. cooks. All over the north. Help her to write a sentence using each of them. She has the following action words on what your mother does every day. helpful. there were big settlements of the Aryans. washes.” The basic information in this extract includes the following three things. and for a long time afterwards. She has also been asked to write about what she does every day.c. “You know that what is Afghanistan today was then. beautiful. Study Skills a. The north-west of India was called Gandhara. Afghanistan was known as Gandhara.

So such details are left out.. This will enable youto realize what an advanced position South India occupied in the ancient world. 77 ...... or most of it. the details not relevant to the basic idea may be omitted.. 3. manned byDravidians... Rewrite the abstrat of it... Large numbers of Roman coins have been discovered in the South. 4.... A considerable trade flourished between South India and Europe.. Read the following extract. All this trade. b. the mention of the plains of the Indus and Ganges is not relevant to the basic idea... to ... Their capitals.. For example. Their major wars.. Find out the following. Their work for the people of India. NOTE : In abstracting information. 1. Keep it ready for the next lesson. Look at your history book. was carried in Indian ships... the presentt Afghanistan”.Write down the names of any four kings of ancient India.) 2..The abstract of this basic information could be rewritten in the following way.. “There were Aryan settlements all over ancient North India including Gandhara. The period of their rule (From ..

3. 5. 7. A person who teaches is a teacher.6. 6. Draw a line. 1.5. Mark E at the end.4. 78 1. Mark B at the right end. 6. 2. 7.2. 2. One who stitches a cloth is a __________________ . Similarly a person who drives a vehicle is a driver. 1. One who steers a ship is a ____________________ . 8. Follow them and draw accordingly in your note books. One who flies an aircraft is a. II. Join AC and extend it. 2. One who assists the patients in the hospital is a ________. Listening: The teacher will read the following instructions. 4. 5.D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (1. VOCABULARY: a.5. Then write them down in the order in which they would appear in the dictionary. Draw a vertical line upwards from B. 4. One who cures the people of their illness is a________. 2. Mark it ‘C’ Extend BC and mark it D. . Use the cues to fill in the blanks and make the words. But there are many people whose job cannot be formed by adding ‘er’.2) I. 3.SECTION . Mark A at the left end.

2.eg. I teach English and SV A SV C VS O Maths. _____________ 7. Your classmates have answered it.military fighting on land 2. _____________ 3. _____________ 10. army .O. eg. _____________ 9. _____________ 5. They do their homework regularly. I like my students. correct it. I live in Ambattur. OV S S C V A 79 . 1. 4. _____________ 4. _____________ 8. Write the words in the alphabetical order along with the meaning. Your teacher has given the following paragraph to identify the elements (S. tick (2) it If it is wrong. Look at the word “beautiful”. 5. _____________ III.A).C. 1. If your classmate’s answer is correct. Look at the answer. 3. Write a word beginning with each letter in it Refer to the dictionary for their meaning. I am a teacher. V. GRAMMAR: a. ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ b. _____________ 6.

busy. WRITING Have you heard of Rakesh Sharma? He was the first Indian to go into space. Yet.. It is black. 80 . He is also fat.. born in Patiala . The crow is a beautiful bird. short/tall.pilot in Indian Air Force .goes into space in 1984 . fat/slim.”. eg.spends seven days in space . It cries “Caw. Read the following paragraph. he is handsome.. affectionate. Write a short paragraph about him using the words given below. Write a paragraph describing your father. rich/poor. You can describe a person using ‘be’ verbs. Caw. It also likes meat.. He is tall. transitive verbs (vt) intransitive verbs (vi) c. IV..b. It eats grains and nuts. It flies high.. Raja is a doctor.becomes popular in India. You may use some of the following words. Identify the transitive (vt) and intransitive (vi) verbs in them and list them in the table.

The postman’s walking up our street. Soon now he’ll ring my bell. Perhaps there’ll be a letter stamped In Asia.SECTION – E The Postman The whistling postman swings along His bag is deep and wide. And messages from all the world Are bundled up inside. Who can tell? .Anon Glossary: swings message stamped anon /|swiNz/ /|mesidZ/ /st{mpt/ /@|nQn/ moves forward and backward information having an official mark not known 81 .

1. Match the following and rewrite them. What are bundled up inside the bag? 3. whistling deep and wide 3.I. bag postman Example: 1. stamped letter 82 . What will the postman do at the doorstep? 5. The first answer is done for you. Why is his bag deep and wide? 4. Why is the postman called a whistling postman? 2. Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. stamped bundled up 2. What does the poet expect from the postman? II. messages letter 4.

3 To give the difference between spelling and pronunciation of the letter ‘a’ To form words using different prefixes from the base words un-.17 2. 83 . Requesting politely.and im-.21 3. Listening to advertisements on Radio/T.dis.20 2. Using negatives in dialogues. Using polite expressions in daily life. Developing hints. Using simple negative statements.7 5. Seeking permission. Understanding the elements of sentence structure.5 4. Using shortened forms of negatives.1 8.UNIT-V COMPETENCIES: 1.5 7.5 6. Describing jobs. Be able to refer to a dictionary for meaning and spelling.V.12 2.18 2.11 1.19 2.

May I seek your help in filling this? I’m sorry. : Thank you sir.500/. Fill in the challan and give it at the counter. that’s for withdrawal.17-2.500/-. John Clerk John Clerk John Clerk John : : : : : : Sir.SECTION .in my father’s account. I want to deposit Rs. THE VALUE OF HUMAN LOVE (John’s father sends him to the bank to deposit Rs. I’m a little busy. Listen carefully. Please use the blue one. Can you wait for some time? I shall ask the attendant to help you.21. He goes to the bank and seeks the help of the clerk).7) The teacher will read the following dialogue. 84 .A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (2. Can I make use of this yellow slip? No. 4.

I can’t accept it...... Where does John go? Why? 2.... John : Sir... I’ll take the note. ... It is not like human love which changes with appearance... 1.. Now practise the dialogue in groups taking roles..... What is the colour of the challan used to deposit money? 3.. Anyway the value is the same. Answer them orally... colour challan is used for withdrawal of money.. I don’t have any other note..... dirty the way that somebody looks.) Cashier : This ten rupee note is very soiled..... Cashier : I see your point.. II. 85 .... Do you agree that human love changes with appearance? 5..... The ..... Then the teacher will ask you the following questions. Complete the sentence..... I.(The attendant helps John... Then John gives the challan and the money to the cashier.. Glossary: deposit soiled appearance - /di|pQsit/ /sQild/ /@p|i@r@ns/ a sum of money paid into a bank account... Does the clerk help him? 4..

10. 2. Is the snake our friend or foe? Why? 9. Name the types of snakes you have seen. Give some interesting qualities of the snake. Details Name of the Snake Colour of the Snake Length Habitat Quality Student-I Student-2 Student-3 Student-4 86 . Discussion: a. Have you seen a snake? (If yes. find out from others). Are you afraid of snakes? Why? 6. continue answering the other questions. 7. What was its colour? 3. Answer the following questions: 1. Where was it seen? 5. If no. How long was it? 4. Where does a snake live? 8.III. Sit in groups and tabulate your answers as shown below and compare them. How did it move? 6.

They are worshipped. it would ‘remember’ him. the villager replied. it is a mixed bag for the fortunes of the reptiles. he had burnt it. As the myth goes. Whitaker saw a snake being burnt by a group of people. Laughing at 87 . Some villagers might fear an ill omen and harm the reptiles. feared and as the proverb goes their very sight could make an army panic. its mate would get the same image and kill him. Mr. He stopped his vehicle and wanted to know why the villagers were killing the reptile thus.5) SNAKES Though India is a nation with a long history of coexistence with snakes. and if it died later. To eliminate it immediately. While passing through a village in Maharashtra.SECTION B READING AND WRITING (5. One of them came forward and told him that he was the last person that the snake set its eyes upon.

no cobra is identical to another. the killing was brought down to a great extent. Black and Andaman Cobra. Sighting a snake in a jungle could be difficult. Just as with the prints in the palm of human beings. Their place in nature is understood by many. But.the explanation. even some misinformed farmers look at the snakes as their enemies and kill them. when they were educated and told about their importance in the food chain. Today. one can see a large number of snakes. which was used for making wallets and belts. A recent study revealed that four types of cobras are found in the country . many of the Irula tribals killed lakhs of snakes. A slithering snake attracts everyone’s attention and tempts some playful youth to pick them up. Many in a fit of rage or due to aversion kill these reptiles. During the early 1970s. Monacled. There. but if you visited paddy fields in the rural areas. which are not at all true. Whitaker pointed out that several such myths surround these reptiles. garden lizards. and fear has given way to respect for their ecological importance. Sadly. Geckos. which vary from person to person.Spectacled. which are harmful to humans. without realizing the fact that they eat away many insects. 88 . snakes are not the stuff of lore and mysticism. Mr. while the intelligent ones realize their role in pest control. Rats are found in large numbers in and around paddy fields and the snakes are attracted towards them. you could find hundreds of them. as there was a good demand for their skin. frogs and toads have a vital role to play in the ecosystem.

Whitaker see when he passed through the village? 3./k@uig|zist@ns/ ./miT/ -/meit/ ./stVf @v lO:/ . food etc. What did Mr./p|{nik/ . Write the proverb about snakes? 2./f|O:tSu:nz/ ./|fit @v reidZ/ -/@v|3:Sn/ -/pest k@n|tr@ul/ misinformed Geckos I. -/misin|fO:md/ -/|gek@uz/ live together chance or luck creeping creatures great fear a bad sign attacked stories of olden times partner subject matter for stories belief in God through prayer connection between the plants and the animals and surroundings moving smoothly close to the ground anger strong dislike control of insects or animals that destroy plants.Glossary: co-existence fortunes reptiles panic ill omen set its eyes myth mate stuff of lore mysticism ecological ./il @um@n/ ./|mistisizm/ -/i:k@|lQdZikl/ slithering fit of rage aversion pest control -/|sliD@riN/ . wrongly informed a kind of lizard COMPREHENSION: a. Answer each of the following questions in one or more sentences: 1./|reptailz/ ./set its Qiz/ . What does the myth say about the mate of a snake? 89 .

6. 2. Say whether the following sentences are true or false. Cobras are identical to one another. Some of the myths about snakes are true. You can see a large number of snakes in a jungle. 3.4. Rats attract snakes.Whitaker saw a snake being _____________ by villagers. 8. Name the types of Cobras found in the country. The ecological importance of snakes makes us respect them. 5. a) worshipped b) killed c) fed d) burnt 90 . 4. 1. Give word or words from the text in support of your choice. 5. Choose the best answer and write it in the space provided: A _____________ snake attracts everyone’s attention a) hidden b)moving c) climbing d) flying Rats are found in large numbers in _____________ a) paddy fields b) jungles c) play fields d) mountains The snakes were killed for their _______________ a) poison b) bone c) skin d) flesh Mr. c. 7. Which animals play a vital role in the ecosystem? Why do the misinformed farmers kill the snakes? What is the vital role played by the snakes in pest control? Why did the Irula tribals kill the snakes? b.

cut tall trees .big blue ocean . Suggest a suitable title. 91 . They have short fangs. Forest .other trees .not attack divers – have short fangs . They do not attack divers.bent and crooked tree . Sea snakes .tall and straight .most poisonous creatures . WRITING a) Developing Hints Develop the following hints into a paragraph.crooked tree saved – felt happy.II. THE SEA SNAKES The sea snakes are marine reptiles.felt sad . The following exercise is done for you.they live .wood cutter . They are the most poisonous creatures in the big blue ocean.marine reptiles .coral reefs. b) Develop the following hints into a story. Suggest a suitable title. They live among the coral reefs.

1. army. 2. father. large. 2.21. 8. Bag harm saw nation b. paddy. panic. passing.4.SECTION . How many sounds of ‘a’ are there? Read the following words taken from the lesson and arrange them in the order of the sound of ‘a’ as given below: snakes. 7. black.3) I. farmers. 2. table. ball.12. fact. VOCABULARY a. The opposites of some of the words can be formed by adding un.C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1. im and dis at the beginning of the word. place.17. mate. rats. Read the examples given below: cover uncover educated uneducated moral immoral movable immovable order disorder obedient disobedient 92 . all. nature. man. palm. Read the following words loudly. last.

As soon as I stood on the stage. 1 was unmobile and speechless. you know what happened in the school today? I completely forgot that I had given my name for the English speech competition. I made an attempt. II. im and dis. Tick the correct ones and correct the wrong ones. doesn ‘t or didn t. doesn’t. Example satisfied unsatisfied x dissatisfied 2 educated uneducated 2 diseducated x obedient disobedient 2 unobedient x c. ‘’Sister. she uses them sometimes correctly and sometimes wrongly. Though it was dispossible for me. The following table gives the forms of don’t. When you make a negative sentence the subject is followed by do not. im and dis is not according to a specific rule. As she does not know the proper use of un. But I was unhappy and felt diseasy that my teachers will unlike me for my ‘on the spot’ speech. It is highly particular to each word. GRAMMAR a. does not or did not.NOTE: In English. didn’t for various subjects. Your younger sister took part in a speech competition held in her school. So I was disprepared. She narrates her experience to you. the use of un. Its short forms are don ‘t. 93 . Do you believe I got a certificate? It is disbelievable! All of us were given certificates of excellence for participation”.

He. Tick the right use and correct the wrong ones. When suggesting or requesting. She. The following is a conversation between you and the Railway ticket reservation clerk over the telephone. Example: Suggestion: You may try again. Vidya and I) You (singular and plural) He (Shabin) She (Shoba) It (The Cow) They don’t don’t Negative forms Present didn’t didn’t Past don’t didn’t doesn’t don’t didn’t didn’t b. the usual expression in formal context is May I / Could I / Could you. 94 . c. Request : May I seek your help? Read the dialogue in Section A again and locate how these forms / expressions are used. polite requests and suggestions are wrong. They may / might / could. Student Clerk Student Clerk : : : : Is it the Reservation Section? Yes. You. what do you want? Do you accept students’ concession?. some of the negatives. only if it is authorised by the Head of the institution.Subject I We (Prabhu. Here. Yes.

Thank you. Classify the sentences said by the gardener and the carpenter in the table. An example is given in the table. I make furniture and other wooden articles. Oh. I am a carpenter. I give shape and life to wooden articles. I don’t know that. I water the plants every day in the morning. OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS Describing jobs: The following paragraph is about the job of two persons – a gardener and a carpenter. The plants are like children to me. I cut the wood with a saw. it does not available. I pick one or two flowers for pooja. I am a gardener.Student Clerk Student Clerk Student Clerk Student : : : : : : : Sir. Why don’t you suggest some other train to Howrah? I am busy. You might approach the enquiry counter. STUDY SKILLS Look up the following words in your dictionary and write the meaning. revealed. IV. I make beautiful designs out of it. I shall find out from the enquiry. 95 . image. III. vital. eliminate. I keep the garden neat and clean. You should try again No chance. identical. do you please reserve a ticket for me by Howrah mail for 5 th January? No. The tickets are full till 10th.

96 . 2. 3. 5.GARDENER 1. 3. I cut the wood with a saw. 5. 4. I water the plants everyday in the morning 2. CARPENTER 1. 4.

21.SECTION . 97 . This is why you will see a shrine at the source of all major rivers in India. We are foremost in PUMPS and PIPES manufacture KMP puts your needs first.D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (2. What does KMP deal with? Where is the company located? Complete the following sentence: The source of all major rivers in India has a__________.3) I. WATER Water is the source of life. 3.PUNE ROAD PUNE-411 018. We at KMP respect water. Water nourishes forests And forests help us harvest water.5. 4. Answer the following questions. 5. Shouldn’t you put KMP first? KMP PUMPS LIMITED MUMBAI .6. Listening a. What is this advertisement about? Give an aspect of Indian culture as stated in the given paragraph. The teacher will read the following advertisement.17-2.3. Questions will be asked at the end. 2.8. Worship of water has been at the heart of most Indian cultures.5. 1. Listen carefully.

What is this advertisement about? 2. Questions will be asked at the end. Attractive. to Singapore and Thailand Mahatma Gandhi Road. all like them Once sold. Make a list of words from the advertisement and underline the letter ‘a’ which has this sound. Balloons from China and Singapore Kites from Japan and Thailand Young and old. Boosy. What are sold at Classic Fashions? 5. Will you get a chance to go to Singapore and Thailand? II.b. Where are the balloons and kites from? 4. take two free. Listen carefully. Can you get free offer on 5th January? 6. Do you like balloons and kites? 7. China. How many balloons and kites will you get free. Apart from this. Vocabulary Look at Section C -1 a. Offer Valid upto 31st December. Alluring! Goosy. Four different sounds of the letter ‘a’ are listed there. if you buy five of them? 3. letter ‘a’ has the sound as in attractive. Answer the following questions: 1. Balloons and Kites Buy ten. The teacher will read the following advertisement. 98 . you’ll ne’er get hold again A lucky draw will take you Contact: Classic Fashions. (Note the sound of letter ‘a’ that is underlined).

Occupational Skills The following paragraph is about the job of a doctor and a teacher. I teach in a school.Developing Hints Develop the following hints into a story.II.bag of salt .used the trick cleverly Merchant . Grammar The following is a conversation between you and your teacher. I teach English to my students. 99 B the poem at your book carefully it again to you the poem loudly .crossing a river – donkey slipped . Writing . Merchant . My students like to speak. Match the utterances in box A with those in box B and rewrite the dialogue in the proper order. I am a teacher.next day .heavy donkey’s trick failed. A I am listening I don’t understand Now you might read Why didn’t you look Yes. The villagers are benefited by the hospital.learnt the trick .teach a lesson . read and write English. My hospital is located in a village. I check up my patients and give them medicine. I love teaching.donkey . Write separately the sentences said by the doctor and the teacher.bundle of clothes . listen Would you please read IV. III. Suggest a suitable title. I work in a hospital. I am a doctor.

My hair is reddish blondish brown. . But I’m told they look orange in the night. My eyes are greyish blueish green.SECTION . 100 . And all the colors I am inside Have not been invented yet. But it’s silver when it’s wet.Shel Silverstein *Colors – Glossary : sort blondish invented /sO:t/ /|blQndiS/ /in|ventid/ type pale golden colour found The spelling is in American English.E COLORS* My skin is kind of sort of brownish Pinkish yellowish white.

blue. Does the poet know the colours inside him? 5. Match the following: Parts skin eyes-day time eyes-night dry hair wet hair inside Colours orange blondish brown silver brownish. Tell him the words that end with this sound. yellowish white true nature greyish. pinkish. Can you guess what it is? 7. green. yellow. To attract the children he would release a helium-filled balloon. the balloons going up. The word ‘colors’ in the 7th line has a different meaning. There was a vendor who earned his livelihood selling balloons in the market place.I. etc. Do you know your true colours? II. Your younger brother has heard you read the poem aloud. He started saying brownish. But he could not say all the words. 2. Children would watch with fun and wonder. eyes and hair? 6. What is the colour of your skin. blueish green 2. He had different colours of balloons . 3. Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. Name the parts of the body given in the poem. How do the eyes look during the day? 3. 1. What is the colour of the dry hair? 4. 101 .red. pinkish for the fun of the sound ’sh’.

” What is the moral of this anecdote? There is a poem by Bharathiyar which talks about kittens of different colours. 102 . a boy asked the vendor hesitantly. It is what is inside that makes it go up. Would it also go up like the other balloon?” The wise vendor replied with empathy.Once. it is not the colour of the balloon that matters. Consult your Tamil teacher / refer to books in the library. and try to appreciate the moral and message of the beautiful poem. “Would you release a black balloon. “Dear child.

2.25 The indefinite articles: a / an. 8.6 6. 1.. Understanding cohesive devices and consolidation of all the reading skills. 2. 1.6 Describing an object / place.6 Differentiate consonant clusters properly. 3.23 Locating a person / thing using prepositions. structures / if clause. (initial and final clusters).13 To form words using suffixes.14 Expansion of abbreviations .1 Referring to a dictionary for meaning and spelling. 4.8 5.UNIT . 2. 9. 6.4 Listing different vocations. 7.24 Comparing two things / persons using simple adjectival forms.3 Oral repetitions . 103 ..most common. Using cohesive devices. 2.IV COMPETENCIES: 1.22 Giving short negative answers.15 To use compound words in speech / writing.7 Using punctuation marks.

Jagdish Chandra Bose. Naidu Teacher : Good. C. Teacher : What about you. teacher! Teacher : Good morning children. Teacher : Can you name a few scientists? Kamal : Sir. G.D. Raman. which stall impressed you most? Malar : The one put up by the agriculture department.V.SECTION A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (4. Rahman : G. Kamal? Kamal : I liked the stall wherein there were portraits of Indian scientists.8) I. Teacher : Malar. He belongs to Tamil Nadu. Please sit down.D. 104 . A Fair with a Difference Pupils : Good morning. How did you enjoy the science fair yesterday? Pupils : (in chorus) It was wonderful. Naidu was an inventor with a difference. The teacher will read the following dialogue. Listen carefully.

S. Now practice the dialogue in groups taking roles. Scientists Thomas Alva Edison Others Kamaraj 105 .b. M. 5. Bharathiar. Madam Curie. Jhansi Rani. Read the names given and arrange them as shown in the example.Glossary: fair impressed put up preference portrait -/fe@/ -/im|prest/ -/put Vp/ -/|prefr@ns/ -/|pO:trit/ an exhibition liked most. Can you tell us about a science fair which you have visited? 4. Which stall did Malar like most? 2. Swaminathan. Abraham Lincoln. Kamaraj. Identify the portraits in the book: (Teacher displays a book containing the pictures of scientists). Then the teacher will ask you the following questions. Bill Gates. Abdul Kalam. Thomas Alva Edison. Why should we visit science fair at all? I. Graham Bell. Answer them orally. What was Kamal attracted to? 3.a. 1. Marconi. to fix deeply in the mind arranged/erect choice picture II.

1) temple 2) birth place of Abdul Kalam. Name four famous people you know. The teacher will read the following passage. VI. Discuss and the leader will report the situation orally. Rameshwaram is famous for two things . I live in a village.III.b. The distance between my house and the school is 5 kms. Name of Scientist M. How does science help us in our daily life? 2. At the back there is a vast stretch of paddy fields. 3. There is a garden in front of my house. Look at the column of scientists in II . Group work a. “I am studying in Std. Sit down in groups of six and tabulate your answers as shown below. 106 . b. Listen to her.S. Discuss the following questions in groups: 1.” Sit in groups and read the following hints. Swaminathan Invention / Area of work Agriculture Nationality India IV.

front . . My school . I live .front – Marina Beach .in a town .big play ground – back .1. 107 .back . .railway track.2 kms.apartment .second floor . 2.4 kms.a small hill.

Even as a youth he was unruly and turbulent. selling ‘pain balm’ imported from the USA.SECTION . Naidu left his village for Coimbatore. As Naidu lost his mother when he was just ‘one’. he was brought up by his maternal uncle.D. In school. a fairly decent salary at that 108 . a hamlet in Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu. 1893 in Kalangal. He worked as a waiter in a hotel for a monthly sum of three rupees. Naidu showed little promise.B READING AND WRITING (5. Spurred by curiosity for a more challenging life. 6. Naidu was born on 23rd of March. The school did not hold him long. he married Chellamal.6.7) THE INVENTOR WITH A DIFFERENCE G. He was irresponsible and naughty and therefore dropped out of school. After some time he started a business. Duraisamy Naidu popularly known as G. When he was 20.6. 6.

In Coimbatore. This was the first phase in his glorious career as an inventor and industrialist. He believed in providing quality service to his passengers and providing his workers with the basic amenities. Though he was greatly interested in machines. His interests were varied. He quit his job as waiter and with his savings bought an old motorcycle from a Britisher. As he was eager to learn the mechanism of the motor cycle. he dismantled and reassembled its parts. a Cooperative Society of bus owners which became famous. 109 . But Naidu remained unfazed and returned to Coimbatore. Instead. he suffered heavy losses. Today Coimbatore is a leading industrial centre. Naidu had to wait for some more years before he could design machines on his own. So he started a small ginning factory in Tirupur. thanks mainly to his pioneering efforts. He repeated this process several times until he was thorough with its mechanism. More buses were added to Naidu’s fleet and very soon he became a leading bus-transport owner in South India. in Mumbai. He learnt about its structure. Naidu sought the job of a mechanic in a motor company owned by Sir Robert Stanes. He was an amiable person and treated his workers with dignity. Unfortunately. So. the kind-hearted Sir Stanes gave him some money and encouraged him to buy a bus and run a bus service. Naidu started a transport company. Making money was not Naidu’s sole aim in life. Naidu’s business flourished. Very soon he earned a large amount of money and as a result he extended his business to Mumbai. Accepting his advice. He founded United Motors. He himself drove the vehicle. But Naidu’s real interests lay elsewhere. a wealthy Britisher.time. He was fascinated by machines. now famous for manufacturing hosiery.

He sought to improve upon nature’s creations in the plant world. But Naidu being the dignified person that he was.naturally he expected total commitment and discipline among his workers. Glossary: imported . The many mechanical and electronic gadgets that he invented are proof of this fact. 1974. But he did not give up his efforts to make the fruits of his labour available to the common man. It attracts visitors from all over India. He also designed new cost effective models of radios and clocks and conducted interesting experiments in agriculture./dis|m{ntld/ 110 . he continued with his experiments. He developed pumpkin-sized chillis and coconut-sized brinjals! Unfortunately for Naidu. His life is not only an example but an inspiration to the youth of India. Without a formal education. the world of science failed to recognize his achievements and contributions. He had inventive brains. He was a legend in his own life time. testing machines and sheet-making machines. He was a born technocrat. Some of his inventions were weighing machines. A permanent industrial exhibition has been set up in memory of the industrialist and visionary in Coimbatore. Naidu attained greatness because of his inborn talent./|f{sineitid/ . Until his death on 4th of January. did not care and crave for recognition. He remained the first and last authentic and down to earth scientist to bring science and technology to the common man./im|pO:tid/ buy goods from another country to sell in your country very interested take apart a machine into separate pieces fascinated dismantled .

Naidu’s inventions? Are they useful? 5.D. What are some of G. taxis. etc. Do you agree with Naidu that the benefits of science and technology should reach the common man? Why? 7. Where did G. Say whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE. Naidu? Did Naidu take his advice? 4.D. Answer each of the following questions in two or three sentences. 111 . 1. Do you think that one should have formal education to become a genius? Why? b. Naidu spend his childhood? Was he an intelligent student in school? 2. 1. What did G.D. basic comforts longing for I. was very successful a group of buses.mechanism flourished fleet amenities crave - /|mek@nizm/ /|fl^ri t/ /fli:t /@|mi:n@tiz/ /kreiv/ z how a machine and its parts work. Naidu do with the motorcycle he bought? Why did he do it? 3. 2. What advice did Sir Stanes give G. Sir Robert Stanes gave Naidu a mechanic’s job in his motor company.D. Give words from the text to support your answer. Was Naidu recognised for his technological contributions? What did he feel about his work? 6. Naidu’s textile business in Mumbai was a failure. Comprehension a.

3. b.D. 4. Then discuss and jot down the most important events of his of her life. he incurred heavy losses. Read the following dialogue You are very happy today. II.3. say in six sentences. 112 Kala : Sheela : Kala : . United Motors was the name of Naidu’s bus-transport company. Naidu lost interest in technology in the later year of his life. G. Ia. But you can’t take leave from the school. 5. Naidu started a small ginning factory in Tirupur. He earned large amount of money. Rearrange them to make a coherent paragraph. Writing The sentences given below form a paragraph. 6. Choose one famous person who the group feels. Finaly using the points you have taken down write a short biographical note. 1. in Mumbai. As a result he extended his business to Mumbai. But Naidu remained unfazed and returned to Coimbatore. 2. Arrange yourselves in groups. has contributed greatly to India’s progress. What is the matter? My father has planned to take us tos our village in Thanjavur. Unfortunately. The ginning factory was a big success. 4.But they are not in the correct order. Underline the words or phrases which helped you sequence the sentences correctly. 5. II. on the famous person you have chosen. Naidu’s main aim in life was to become rich.

We will be going to our village during the holidays. The new sentence starts with a capital letter. Note that there is a full stop at the end of each sentence. Supply them. Sit in groups and read the following passage. The punctuation marks are missing. ooty is a hill station it is very cold there my uncle is living in the town the vegetables and fruits are fresh in ooty due to the cold climate they remain fresh for sometime 113 .Sheela : We are not going now. Full stop and capital letter are a part of punctuation marks.

or -dom is added. 1. 114 . Vocabulary a.25. 2. 2. 2. 8. at the end of the base word where the suffix -ful. It is highly particular to each word. and -dom to the base word.24. -ness. words can be formed by adding the suffix — ful. the use of suffix -ful.22. -ness.13.4) I.15. In English. Example: Duty Sad Wise dutiful dutyness sadness sadful wiseness Wisdom P O P O O P Note the change of spelling too.23. -ness and -dom is not according to a specific rule. Read the examples given below: care faith dark bright king free careful faithful darkness brightness kingdom freedom Note: In English.SECTION C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1. 2.

In the beginning. b. it was full of boredom. 4. Our HM is a strict person. ness and -dom. (Suresh is a cricket player in his school team. But. His team participated at the district level match. But. I go to school at 8:00 a. 5. quickness in running and force in throwing the ball. India will be a developed country in 2015 A. We use these forms in daily conversation.C. Our games teacher had already selected our boys on the basis of physical fitness. it was very exciting when they were all out for 125 runs.Headmaster / Headmistress 115 . Read the following sentences: 1. The last batsman hit a sixer and we scored 130.D. We started bowling first.m. My father leaves his office at 6:00 p. our boys’ alertness could not be beaten.ante meridian (from midnight twelve o’clock to twelve noon) pm . 3. Our rival team was powerful. The great Pyramid was built in 2600 B. our rivals were very watchful. We were so joyful.post meridian (from twelve noon to midnight twelve) HM . Our wicket keeper was a careful guy. List out the words with the suffixes: -ful.m? 2. The expansion of the short forms are given below: am .) “Our school cricket team played the district level finals yesterday. The underlined letters are in short forms. When we started to bat.Read the passage. He narrates his experiences to his sister.

noun + noun Example: school girl. AEO 4. room 3. Adjective noun Example: big bag. tea 1. VIP 6. class 5. The underlined words are compound words. smith - 116 . pot 5.BC AD Before Christ Anno Domini (since the year of the birth of Christ) Find out the full form of the abbreviations given below: 1. They consist of two or more words 1. MLA 2. gold 4. text book 2. back seat Match the words under A with their corresponding words under B. yellow 3. sitter 4. baby 2. A B 1. PM 5. DEO 3. CM c. pages 2.

II. Grammar a Read the following dialogue. Teacher : Kalyani has kept her pen hidden somewhere in the classroom. Ask her questions and find out where it is hidden. : Do you have it in the bag? : No, I don’t : Did you keep it in the drawer? : No, I didn’t : Does Malini know where you have kept it? : No, she doesn’t : Do you have it at all? : Yes, I do : I think it is in your hand. : There you are! While giving short negative answers, the short forms of don ‘t, doesn ‘t and didn ‘t are used.

Student 1 Kalyani Student 2 Kalyani Student 3 Kalyani Student 4 Kalyani Teacher Kalyani Note :

Write the answer for the following questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. Do rabbits live in nets? Did Naidu get the Nobel Prize? Does the tiger eat grass? Did Ashoka die in the Kalinga war?

b. A preposition is a linking word. It usually comes before a noun or pronoun. Prepositions say where someone or something is located.


Read this conversation.The prepositions have been underline. Teacher Student Teacher Student : : : : Meena, where is the picture I gave you? It is on the table, sir. It isn’t here. Did you put it in the cupboard? It isn’t there, Sir, Oh...... it is under your table sir.

There are other prepositions too, which youcan use for showing the positions of something. They are at, near, beside, between, above, over, in front of, below, etc. Your friend is writing a description of her classroom. She is not sure what prepositions to use.Can you help her? My classroom is big. The teacher’s table is___________ black board. The teacher has put a table cloth ___________ it. There is a box of chalk ____________ the table. There are pieces of coloured chalk_________ the box. There is a waste paper basket __________ the table. There is a map of India _________ the wall. There are forty desks and chairs arranged ____________ rows. The teacher stands ____________ the class and teaches. c. Look at the lines drawn below. A ____________________ B C ____________________ D E_______________________________ F X_____________________________________ Y

Read the following sentences that describe the lines drawn above. The line AB is as long as the line CD The line EF is longer than the line AB. The line XY is the longest line. The words, ‘as long as’, ‘longer than’, are used to compare two things / persons and ‘longest’ is used to compare more than two or more things / persons. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of comparison given below. (as big as, bigger than, biggest) 1. The elephant is the __________ animal 2. The cow is ___________ a dog 3. The bull is ___________ a cow d. An ‘article’ is a kind of determiner. ‘a’ and ‘an’ are indefinite articles. The article ‘a’ is always used before words beginning with a consonant sound. Example: a house, a cat The article ‘an’ is always used before words beginning with a vowel sound (and not the vowel letters - a, e, i, o, u) Example: an elephant, an MLA Here is a paragraph. The use of articles in it are not always correct. Tick them if they are correct and correct them if they are wrong.

She stays in an hostel. lorry or van stitches clothes builds houses makes furniture and fittings out of wood b. She has a Amercian friend and an European friend. She wrote a letter to me last week. Here is a brief description of an incident written by your sister. Tick them wherever they are right and correct the wrong ones. She says they would like to spend at least a evening in our village. A tailor carpenter mason farmer driver doctor 120 . As the names of the professions have not been mentioned correctly. III. in some cases. A waiter is a person who waits on customers and attends to their needs. Ask them to learn the spelling too. In the prose lesson in this unit you came across the word ‘waiter’. Occupational Skill a. B treats sick people grows crops drives a car.My sister is an engineer in Chennai. Everything was okay in a few minutes. The doctor came into the plane with the helper in a white dress to see the passengers. The lady assistants of the plane also helped the passengers. The plane driver suddenly brought the plane down and the passengers were shaken. Match the following persons with their work.

lust 6. truth 2. smart 4. 8. post 9. strict 3. calm 121 6.4. district 4. wrist . star 3. text 2. 5. 1. 8.13.3) I. 10.24. states fleet transport practical proof b.SECTION D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (1. 7. 4. king 5. thirst 8. Listen to the teacher saying the following words and repeat after her / him. 7. 3. 1. 9. 3. jump 5. school clean drop start process 6. Listening a. 2.6. 2. -dom) 1.1. script 7.23. -ful. prompt II. next 10. Vocabulary Form new words using the correct suffixes given in the brackets: (-ness. 9. 2. Listen to the teacher saying the following words and repeat after her/him.

Fill in the blanks choosing the correct prepositions from the list given below: (from. If you study well. She travels _____________ train. Grammar a. by. If you go to market. between. If it rains. The distance ______________ Arakonam and Chennai is quite long. A train isa bus _________________________ a bus 2. help the needy. b. in front of. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of comparison given below. 3. If you can. 122 . She is working _____________________ the government hospital ____________ Chennai. faster than. The Railway Station is just _____________ the hospital. in. you can become a champion. at) Rani is a nurse. 1. 2.III. take an umbrella. Make the students repeat the following sentences after you. If you play well. you will get good marks. A motor car is ___________________________ a bus 3. A plane is the ___________________________ vehicle c. (as fast as. 4. get me some green vegetables. She is ___________ Arakonam. fastest) 1. 5.

IV. Supply a dictionary to each group. Farmer Supply the following cues: Farmer plough sow water harvest An example is given for you: A farmer ploughs the field.pictures paint -beautiful . 123 2. hamlet turbulent curiosity quit achievement invention gadgets amenities career amiable V. Ask the students to write five sentences about the activities of the following persons.paints use . Occupational Skill Divide the class into groups of 5 or 6. Artist Artist mix .brush draw . Study Skills Divide the class into 5 or 6 groups. Ask the students to refer to a dictionary and find out the meaning of the following words. 1.

There’s a cuckoo. And a sound of water that gushes. And the cuckoo’s sovereign cry Fills all the hollow of the sky. The little birds are piping yet Among the bushes and trees.William Wordsworth Glossary: bushes thrushes gushes sovereign cry hollow /|buSiz/ plant with thick and woody stems /|TrVSiz/ singing birds | / gVSiz/ rushing flow | / sQvrin krai/ heard above all other sounds /|hQl@u/ empty space 124 .SECTION – E A NIGHT IN JUNE* The sun has long been set. and one or two thrushes. And a far-off wind that rushes. . The stars are out by twos and threes.

a. The poet describes objects in nature with the use of action words. When the blazing sun is gone. Gushes b. When he nothing shines upon. Why are there only two or three stars in the sky? 2. Describe the night in June in your place. Look at the table below and fill in the missing words. Write the words from the poem that rhyme with the following words: set three thrushes cry Read the following lines from a well-known Nursery rhyme. See if you can guess the rhyme from the lines given below. Is the sky empty? How do you know? 4. Where are the little birds seen? 3. 125 . Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two. 1. This rhyme too describes the night sky.I. Objects Sun Stars Birds Wind Cuckoo Action Set II.

... The dark blue sky you keep And often thro’ my curtain peep.. Twinkle... 3rd and 4h stanzas of ‘Twinkle..Then you show your little light. twinkle......... ’Tis your bright and tiny spark Lights the traveler in the dark. twinkle all the night.... little star!’ 126 .. For you never shut your eye Till the sun is in the sky................ Though I know not what you are. Have you guessed the rhyme? These are the 2nd.. .........

Understanding cohesive devices consolidations of all the reading skills.UNIT .1 Writing about one’s family / school / pet.29 Using phrases and clauses in speech and writing. Appeals: asking a speaker to speak more clearly/slowly. etc. 2.4 Receiving/making phone calls.26 Using the correct verb agreeing with the subject. 1.7 7. Reading maps. 2.28 Identifying a clause. 10. 2.17 Feminine of nouns: animals/birds and human beings. 127 . 2. Using co-hesive devices. 4.16 Young ones of animals/birds.9 5.VII COMPETENCIES: 1.7 6.27 Identifying a phrase.3 9.

(Kandan comes. Arul : Do you pray regularly? Kandan : I pray twice a day.SECTION . I was there. He is wearing torn shoes. Arul : Hey! Kandan. The teacher will read the following dialogue. I also offered my prayers. come here.A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (4. 128 . students laugh at him) Kandan : What do you want? Arul : Did you attend the temple festival yesterday? Kandan : Yes.9) I. Listen carefully PRAYERS BEAR FRUITS Balan Arul Balan : Why was yesterday a holiday for us? : There was a festival in the local temple : Ask our ‘pious man’ if you want to know more about it.

Can I meet you at 5 in the evening today and give the pair of shoes? What’s the hurry? Today is my birthday. it seems nobody is listening to Him. Glossary: 1. You are most welcome. But. (Kandan wonders how great things are wrought by prayers than the world ever dreams of). His neighbour tells him that his friend Jamal wants him to call him up immediately.Balan : Didn’t God answer your prayers? Didn’t He tell any one to help you? Kandan : God has been telling every one. Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Hello! Is it Jamal? Yes. Surprise ? I have been wanting to gift you a pair of shoes. pious 2. wrought 129 /pai@s/ /tO:n/ /Qf@d/ /rO:t/ believe in God damagedÏ worshipped made it happen . See you at 5 O’ clock. Bye. Kandan. It is so nice of you. Very many happy returns of the day. Bye. (Kandan reaches home thinking about his poor condition.) Telephonic conversation between Kandan and Jamal. offered 4. I have a surprise for you. torn 3.

2. It is nothing but gooseberry. Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Meenakshi : : : : It seems you are munching something. ooseberry! It is rich in Vitamin C. 4. The teacher will ask you the following questions. but not golden gooseberries. Kandan was ______________ and ___________ . 1. kind. COMPREHENSION I a. pious. What was the special occasion in the town? What was Balan’s attitude about God? Is Balan a non-believer of God? How do you know? Why did Arul call Kandan? Did Kandan believe in his prayer? How do you know about that? How did Jamal want to celebrate his birthday? b. 6. 5. II. Read the following sentences and fill in the blanks using the words given below. Jamal was ____________. (naughty. Arul was _____________. Do you know the story about the golden gooseberries? : I know about gold ornaments. Answer them orally. 7. Teacher will read the following dialogue. 130 . ou are right. poor. Listen carefully. 3. 4. 3. eager) 1. 2. Now read the dialogue silently.II. Balan was ________________ to know the reason for the holiday.

: What happened next? : There was a shower of golden gooseberries on her house.Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi : I’ll tell you. She gave it to him. Rather our faith and sincere prayer works wonders. : The boy felt very much moved by the poor woman’s kind heart. When Adi Shankara was a young boy in Kaladi he went begging for his food. : Did he? : He went to a poor woman’s house. if I say the same prayer? : There you are! I asked my mother the same question. I heard it from my mother. I’m curious to know about it. : I see. Thank you for the interesting story. : Then what did she do? : She searched thoroughly and at last got only one piece of dry gooseberry. : My God! What a miracle! Will it happen to me. : What did she say? : It is not only the mere song that makes the miracle happen. But she didn’t have anything to offer. : Quite interesting. 131 . : Please continue. : What happened afterwards. He prayed sincerely. It shows the force and power behind prayer. : What a pity! : She didn’t want to send the young boy empty-handed. is more interesting.

c. a. What quality of the woman moved Shankara? 5. Was the boy given enough food? 4. How was the woman blessed with? b.Read the dialogue silently. Complete the sentence. 132 . 1. Why did the boy Shankara go to a poor woman’s house? 3. What is this discussion about? 2. Answer the following questions. Then the teacher will ask you the following question. Name three sages or prophets. How long did each live? List a miracle they performed. The law of miracle is _________ and __________. Write down the place of their birth.

the bishop set sail for the island where the hermits lived. One day. there lived three old hermits. They were simple men who were unaware of the customs of the church. They needed to learn to address God with grand words.SECTION B READING AND WRITING (5. The bishop felt that the hermits’ prayer was too naive and it could not be permitted. he decided to meet the hermits and teach them the invocations that were prescribed by the church. The bishop taught the hermits 133 . this prayer of the hermits brought about many miracles.7) THE THREE HERMITS On an island. So.7. The only prayer they said was “We are three. The news of this simple prayer and the miracles it manifested spread far and wide and a bishop in a neighbouring island came to hear about the three hermits and their prayer. at the mouth of the Dvian river in Russia. 6. Thou art three. He met the hermits and told them that their prayer was too simple and undignified. Have mercy on us!” Though simple.

./Vn|dignifaid/ . Thou art in Heaven.ordered . No sooner did his ship leave the shore than he saw a radiant light following his ship As the light approached his ship./nai |i:v/ .” But the bishop was dumbfounded by the sight of the three men running on the water./|reidi@nt/ 134 ... the bishop left the island on his ship.” they cried as they reached the bishop./|mir@klz/ . Happy that he had educated the three simple men on how to pray.not knowing .wonders ./lnv@U|keiSn/ . we have forgotten the prayers you taught us. “and we have hastened to ask you to repeat them.without respect .A short story of Leo Tolstoy taken from Autobiography of a Yogi by Paramahamsa Yogananda.the customary prayers like “Father.shown . Please teach us the prayers once again.simple . Hallowed be thy name Give us our daily bread .a holy person . They were trying to reach his ship.age old habits . What did they want? “Oh./kVst@mz/ . he discerned that it was none other than the three hermits who were holding hands and running on the water./|m{nifestId/ .prayer ./|Vn@ ’we@r @v/ ..”.. Glossary: Hermit unaware of customs miracles manifested naive invocation prescribed undignified radiant . He shook his head and humbly answered: “Dear ones. revered one. The humble hermits accepted the bishop’s advice and learnt the prayers he taught them.bright ./prI|skraibd / . continue to live with your old prayer!” ./|h3:mit / | ..

/|heisnd/ . Why did the bishop decide to teach them the prayers of the church? 6.discerned revered hastened dumb founded . The simplest prayer pleases God most. Was their prayer powerful? How do you know? 4. Eg. Say whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE.hurried . 1. The bishop did not teach the prayer once again to the hermits./dVm|faUndId/ . Comprehension 1./|dis3:nd/ . 4. I reached the station but the train had left 135 .surprised I. What was the radiant light that followed the bishop’s ship? 8. 3. Where did the hermits live? 2. What do you think of the Three Hermits? b. The hermits’ prayer brought forth miracles. The hermits reached the ship. II. How did the bishop come to hear about the hermits? 5. 7. 2.respected .understood ./ri|vi@d/ . a. Writing Many words are used to connect sentences and those words give the passage the much needed emphasis. What didn’t they know? 3. Give word / words from the text in support of your answer. The train left. Did the bishop approve their prayers? Show proof from the passage. I reached the station.

2. a village girl wanted to get admission in a college in the city. 136 . 3. She decided to go to the bank the next day. She went to the bank to get a loan. 1. Similarly. But neither her mother nor her father was at home. He refused to sanction the loan because she had no account in the bank.. because.The word ‘but’ emphasizes the point that the train had left before I reached the station and also enriches the text. The words ‘but’ and ‘both’ connect the sentences and enrich the meaning. But the manager was not there. She immediately went home.. A few more conjunctions are and. She waited for him and met him. Read the following passage and underline the conjunctions: Malliga. etc. Both are not very clear about the answers. She was not only shocked but also disappointed. ‘Both’ in sentence 3 emphasizes the fact that Jenifer and Beulah have not answered properly and the word ‘both’ enriches the sentence. or. Beulah has answered the question. Jenifer has answered the question. Both had left for the fields.

7.3. kitten Read the following sentences: The feminine form of a lion is a lioness. fawn 3. 3. 9. duckling 2. 2. deer cat dog hen duck 1.4. 2. 1. Read the following sentences: The young one of a cow is a calf.16.27. chick 4. Vocabulary a.1) I.SECTION C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1.17. 5. puppy 5. 2.28. 10. 4. The different names of young ones of different animals are given below: Arrange them in order. The young one of a lion is a cub. The feminine form of an ox is a cow. The young one of a pig is a piglet. 2. 2. 1. 137 .29. The feminine form of a goose is a gander.26.

In the second sentence the plural verb is used for the plural noun. princess. The book is open. 2. 7. Read the following sentence: 1.Write the feminine form of the following. 3. The books are open. Fill in the blanks with the correct noun or verb forms. 138 . woman 1. 4. The bird __________in the sky. 2. 6. 5. The bird is in the sky. duke king man prince father brother horse - II. The train __________ long. Grammar a. 2. 3. The kite is beautiful. The buses _________ full. In the first sentence the singular verb is used for the singular noun. Choose from the list given. 1. 3. queen. The doors __________ open. mother. mare. The kites are beautiful. sister. The ________ are in the sky. 5. The birds are in the sky. duchess. 4.

2. there will be a shortage of oil. On seeing the elephant. Read the following sentence. 6. 1.b. owing to rain. 3. I saw the sunrise.the child was happy Note: ‘seeing’ is not a finite verb.It is a phrase. There is a finite verb in B . 5. In the event of a good monsoon. It is non finite. On account of Pongal. A Phrase . tomorrow will be a holiday. we will get better yield.on seeing the elephant Clause . 2. What is the difference between them? There is no finite verb in A . the child was happy B Read the following sentences and tabulate the phrases and clauses. In spite of illness. walking along the road. 1. She fell ill due to overwork.It is a clause. The match was cancelled. 4. The first one is done for you. In case of war. A kala went to school B There is a group of words both in A and B. Clause 1 tomorrow will be a holiday 2 3 4 5 6 139 Phrase 1 On account of Pongal 2 3 4 5 6 .

John Clerk John James John James John James : : : : : : : : Can I have a map of Chennai? Here you are.. pardon me. You see. Give a map of Chennai to each group.. IV. Please note down the land marks. Teacher reads. Pupils listen carefully. hospitals and educational institutions in the map of Chennai. Ask them to locate the following landmarks: temples. Spencer Plaza .III. Mani. Mr. Railway Stations.. Anna salai .. Make the students sit in groups of five. Which shall we describe.. We are here now. This is Central Railway Station. Look here.. (John and James study the map). From here the opposite road leads to Anna salai. They are seeking some information regarding the location of the Airport in Chennai. Nehru Statue. Study skills Read the following dialogue.. a cat or a dog? Cat. Strategic and Creative Skills a. here we are. Are we on the right track? Of course . James are at the tourist counter in the Central Railway Station... 140 . Teacher Mani Teacher Rani Teacher Mani : : : : : : We shall do a write-up describing a pet.. And Gemini Fly Over further down . why do you want a cat to be described? We have one at home.. It is just 5 kms from here.. John and Mr.

Select the best write -up and ask the leader of that group to write it on the blackboard. : In that way cats help us. and.. 141 . any other reason? : Cats are lovely animals. At the end of the discussion. c. I decided to go to market to buy some fresh vegetables ___________ fruits for lunch. Ask the students to discuss among themselves and write a short paragraph about a dog. my uncle said that he did not want lunch at all __________ he had already had his lunch in a marriage. : Nice! Are they useful to us in any way? : Yes. _____________to my urprise. Divide the class into groups of 5 or 6. They are very friendly. : They are harmless too. . . : They are attached to their living places. rats are scared away when there is a cat. : Wonderful! b. : Excuse me. Why do people keep the cat as a pet? : Cats are cute. : Good.Teacher Sheela Teacher Mani Teacher Sheela Teacher Rani Teacher Mani Sheela Teacher : Good.. ask the leader of each group to read it out to the class. Will you please speak a little louder? : Certainly. because) Yesterday my uncle came from Thirunelveli. Read the following passage and fill in the blanks using the words given below: (but.

I shall give this book to you after I finish reading it. 2. Is she using the articles correctly? Tick the correct ones and correct the wrong ones: “My parents gave me an new story book. Grammar a.1) I.10. There is a story about two children and a old witch. Study the following advertisement and list out the phrases and clauses: 142 . In the previous unit you learnt how to use a and an: Your classmate is describing a story book that she has got.29. Listening Try to read the following sentences without any mistake. 3. 2.” b. Betty bought some butter.25. 4. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. 1. It has stories from all over the world.SECTION D ADDITIONAL EXERCISES (2. She sells sea shells on the sea shore. II. There is a beautiful picture of the two children in an forest. The butter was bitter.9.

you are not tired When you buy ours. Her mother receives the call. O. He rings up to her house. I’ll tell her.K. Speaking Read the following conversation and fill up the format given below to record your message. Listen to the telephone conversation. I would like to meet her fot an interview for our magazine. A reporter from the ‘Sports Monthly’ wants to interview Karnam Malleswari. Can I have your number please 143 Reporter : Mother : . fat becomes your purse III.Cycles Cycle of the day Buy now and avail huge discount In case of a small deposit Easy instalments are available In spite of riding for miles. Mother Reporter Mother Reporter Mother : : : : : Hello ! I am a reporter from ‘Sports Monthly’. a gold medalist in weight lifting in the Asiad Games. she is not at home. But she is not at home. What can I do for you? Could I please talk to Karnam Malleswari? I am afraid. I’ll convey it to her. That’s fine. Please leave your message.TLM .

. Received by : Will call again Wants to meet you 144 .................................. Message .......................................... Date .................................................. Mother : Not at all............................ Time ...... Telephoned ‘Returned to your call Caller’s No............... Telephone Message Slip To………………………………………............................................. ..........................Reporter : My number is 28586591..... of.......... While you were out Mr...................................................... ......................................... .............. Thank you Madam.........

But she was always cheerful and carefree.SECTION E PIPPA’S SONG The year’s at the spring. She had to work hard in a silk-mill. 145 . You can note this from the bright spirit of her holiday song. The hill-side’s dew-pearled. And day’s at the morn. innocent Italian girl. The lark’s on the wing. The snail’s on the thorn: God’s in His heaven All’s right with the world! .Robert Browning Taken from Robert Browning’s Play ‘Pippa Passes’. Pippa is a young. Morning’s at seven.

How do you know it is day time? What is the season of the year? What is the dew compared to? Why does the poet think that all is right with the world? What is your view of the world? II. The word ‘at’ in the sentence ‘Morning’s at seven’ means a specific time.Glossary: dew-pearled lark snail heaven /dju: p3:ld/ /la:k / /sneIl / /|hevn/ dew drops are compared with pearls. 4. . The word ‘on’ in the phrase ‘on the thorn’ means just above the thorn. 3. 4. And day’s at the morn. 2. Answer the following:1. Does it mean the same in the phrase ‘on the wing’? What examples does Browning give to show that God is in heaven? Write the words from the second stanza that rhyme with the following words. 3. 5. a small song bird a small soft animal with a round shell on its back the place of god I. Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. What is the meaning of ‘at’ in the following sentences? The year’s at the spring. Spring moon seven dew-pearled 146 2.

Are you always cheerful like Pippa? When you feel sad think of this songPack up your troubles in your old kit bag And smile. smile. smile What’s the use of worrying It never was worthwhile So pack up your troubles in your old kit bag And smile. she was always cheerful.5. smile 147 . smile. Though Pippa had to work hard.



he taught me politics.1. Mahatma Gandhi himself refers to him: “Gokhale is my teacher. lost their wealth and went to jail that we achieved this independence. It is because of great leaders and patriots who suffered. As the family was very poor and Govind loved his brother very much. known as Gopal in his family and among his friends. he discontinued his studies and went to work to enable Gopal to go to Kolhapur for his higher studies. His name was Govind. When Gopal was thirteen and Govind was eighteen Krishna Rao died suddenly. Our country became independent on 15th August 1947. Gokhale had a brother. was born in a small village in Maharashtra.” Gopal Krishna Gokhale. His parents Krishnarao and Sathyabhama bai were very poor. He was a noble leader. One of the great patriots of India is Gopal Krishna Gokhale. GOKHALE’S HONESTY We live in an independent country. 149 .

Gokhale alone had managed to answer the sum correctly. I like you. Indeed Gokhale remained an honest man throughout his life.Gopal Krishna Gokhale studied hard reading his lessons under the street lamp. For many years he had only one meal a day. He always spoke the truth. During the correction of the home work of students he noticed that almost all the boys had gone wrong in answering one of the sums.” Gokhale stood there weeping and said. “Gopal. Hence. He was very honest. Even as a boy he was truthful and honest. You have after all done all the sums correctly. Come to the front seat. One day his teacher gave some homework in Arithmetic. there are no mistakes in your work. He died on 19th February 1915. Glossary: independent patriot free one who loves his/her country 150 . the teacher felt very happy and said. Come to the front and sit on the first bench”. The teacher asked him. This reply made the teacher and the students appreciate Gokhale’s honesty. He worked for our country and the people. He stood up and began to sob. “Why do you sob? You ought to be happy. surprising the teacher and the students in the class. On completing his studies he worked as a teacher for a long time for a meagre salary. Gokhale did not move from his seat. Gokhale did not keep anything for himself or for his family. I did not do it myself. “Sir.

Find the name of another patriot mentioned in this lesson. What did the teacher give his class as home work? 2. Were Gokhale’s friends able to do the work? 3. How did Gokhale manage to do the sum correctly? 4.discontinued meagre honest sob - stopped Small True to cry noisily I. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two:1. 151 .

Say whether the following statements are true or false. Give word or words from the text in support of your answer. a) thirteen and eighteen b) eighteen and thirteen c) thirteen and thirty one 3. Choose the most appropriate answer and complete the following sentences. a) Uttar Pradesh b) Maharashtra c) West Bengal 2. 4. When Krishna Rao died Gopal and Govind were ___________________________. Gokhale was born in a small village in ______________________. ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) ) 3. 1. Govind discontinued his studies because ___________________________________. Gokhale worked as a teacher in Kolhapur. 152 . 5. 2. Gopal had to go to Kolhapur for his higher studies because _________________________________________. Gokhale took up a job after his father’s death. Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. b) his brother wanted him to go. Gandhiji learnt politics from Gokhale.II. Gokhale did not love his country. c) there was no college in his village. a) his parents wanted him to go there. ( III. 1. 4. Gokhale was honest.

Fill in the blanks in the following table:GOKHALE (1) a.a) he was not interested in his studies b) he loved his brother c) he wanted Gopal to go for higher studies 5. Govind was_____________. d. a) hardworking and not trustworthy b) true and honest c) shy and honest 7. Place of birth Parents Brother’s name Good qualities he had The place where he had his higher studies Worked as Died Year: 153 . Gokhale could do the sum correctly because a) he was good at Arithmetic b) some-one else helped him c) the sum was not very difficult. b. IV. c. e. g. Gokhale was . a) loving b) selfish c) indifferent 6. f.

(2) What happened at school a. ____________ f. ____________ c. ____________ d. ____________ e. b. ____________ 154 . teacher gave a sum as home work.

But Rekha remained firm and said.2. “I am very beautiful and I have many jewels. The artist visited Rekha’s house everyday to do his 155 . As she was very beautiful. You will be better off in the village. Rekha said to her father. “Your daughter is very beautiful. I want to draw her picture and colour it. Hence the artist began drawing Rekha’s picture and colouring it. Why don’t you marry Ajay? He is indeed a very good bridegroom”. He drew many pictures and painted them in colours.” Rekha’s father obliged the artist’s request. many men wanted to marry her. REKHA AND HER JEWELS Rekha was seventeen years old. I want to live in a large house and I don’t want to do any work in the house”. “I will marry only a rich man. On seeing Rekha the artist observed to her father. Rekha’s father replied “We don’t know any one who is rich.” One day an artist reached that village. I am sure you wouldn’t like living in a town. She did not want to marry the men in her village.

The artist never came back. A few pieces of jewellery on them will make the picture even more charming.job. “Your eyes in the picture look very beautiful. If you adorn your picture with those jewels. If you adorn those eyes with jewellery they will look even better. Rekha lost all her jewels owing to her folly. On the third day the artist observed. “Your lips in the picture are simply charming. Rekha’s father was enraged and said. What will you do if he doesn’t come back at all?” Rekha’s father was quite correct. So I will take them home and do it there. One day he said to her.” These comments made Rekha part with two of her jewels to adorn her eyes in the picture. “It will take me some time to place those pieces of jewellery perfectly on this picture.” Immediately Rekha took the jewels out of her ears and fingers and gave them to the artist. The next day the artist continued to make a few more comments. Whenever Ajay insisted that they should visit the town. Tomorrow I will bring you back your picture which will be the most beautiful picture in the world”. “You have beautiful jewels on your ears and your fingers. Rekha admitted to having given them to the artist for adorning her picture. “I’m happier in the village and I don’t want to visit the town”. 156 . Then he went away.” Rekha gladly parted with two more of her jewels to adorn the lips in the picture. Some days later. Then Rekha married Ajay and lived happily in the village. “We do not know where he lives. she always observed. Rekha’s father wanted to know where her jewels were. The artist said. the portrait will simply be graceful.

all the time doing no work? How do you know? 4.a painting.make more attractive or beautiful. How was Rekha’s father helpful to the artist? 157 . Who did her father want her to marry? Did Rekha marry him? Why? 3.beautiful I. Did Rekha want to marry any man in her village? Why? 2. Do you think Rekha wanted to be la0.Glossary: oblige adorn charming portrait graceful .attractive . Answer the following questions in a sentence or two:1. decorate .perform a service of favour for . What did the artist want to draw? 5. drawing .

Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. Give word or words from the text in support of your answer. ( ( ( ) ) ) 158 . Did she marry Ajay at the end? II. Rekha did not want to marry Ajay because he was not handsome. What kind of a man was the artist? 7. ( ) 2. Rekha wanted to lead an idle life. Rekha sold all her jewels for a price. The artist was true and honest. Rekha’s father was very happy when he learnt that she had given all her jewels to the artist. What made Rekha lose all her jewels? 8.6. 5. Say whether the following statements are true or false. 4. 1. ( ) 3.

“Tomorrow I will bring you back your picture which will be the most _____________ picture in the world”. He wanted to draw the picture of Rekha. 5. Her father scolded her when he came to know this. Rekha was _______________ years old. “I will marry only a ___________man”. 5. 6. She wanted to marry a rich man and live in a big house. Rekha said. Fill in the blanks. 8. 1. 12. He permitted him to draw her picture. On the second day she had to part with two more of her jewels. IV. On the first day Rekha gave two of her jewels to adorn her eyes in the picture. Rearrange the following sentences in the most appropriate order:1. Rekha and her father lived in a village. He did not come back at all. 7. 4. 11. 10. 159 . 3. 2. 3. Rekha lost all her jewels owing to her ____________. One day an artist came to the village. Then the artist went away with the jewels saying that he would do the work at home. 4.III. The artist said. 2. Rekha realised her folly and married Ajay and lived happily thereafter. Immediately Rekha took the _____________ out of her ears and fingers. Then she gladly gave two more of her jewels to adorn her ears and fingers. 9.

ring 5. bracelet 2. Imagine you are Rekha’s brother. earring 3. if you come across him now? Give Reasons. chain hand finger ear wrist neck ankle VI.V. What would you do to the artist. bangle 6. Can you match the piece of jewellery with the part of the body where it is worn? 1. 160 . anklet 4.

One day when Humayun fell ill. Babar became very sad. “God. “Is Abdul Baka. He went near her and said. The doctor finally said. He alone can save our son. He wanted the best doctor to attend on his son.” This made Babar lose his hope on the doctor. said the Emperor. Filled with tears Babar knelt down and prayed. “His condition is now fatal. “Yes indeed”.” Just at that time he heard the Queen weeping. the most pious man in town?” she asked.3.” The Queen stopped weeping. “He is there near our beloved son and is praying to God for his life”. However Humayun’s condition did not improve at all. 161 . “Have faith in God. So the best doctor in his empire was called in to attend on Humayun. please save my son. The doctor treated his patient with utmost care. FATHER’S LOVE Babar the Moghul Emperor was very kind to his subjects. If he loved anyone more it was his son Humayun. God only can save him.

but my life is more valuable than the diamond.” said Abdul Baka. Sell that diamond and you will get lakhs of rupees. cried the pious man. God may then save the life of your son. So saying Babar fell down and died a little later. Babar returned to the room where Humayun lay sick. Suddenly the doctor saw Humayun uttering a few words.” the King said to the pious man. Pray to God and offer him the most valuable thing in your house”. said the Queen. take my life and give life to my son”. Saying this Babar walked round the bed of Humayun. “What’s the most valuable thing in my house?” asked Babar. “God. ”Oh Emperor! I can see his pulse beat”. “God has answered my prayer”. Glossary: fatal valuable pious causing death worth a great deal of money deeply religious 162 . “Medicines have failed. He knelt down and said.“You also go there and pray for Humayun’s recovery”. “Still I believe Humayun will be alright. “I offer my life”. Your son will be normal soon. “You have the most valuable diamond with you. “How is he now?” he asked Abdul Baka. You may give the money to the poor. “The diamond is no doubt very valuable.” said Abdul Baka.

a. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two in the space provided. ( 163 . What happened to Babar at the end? 6. The pious man did not want Babar to offer his life. Give word or words from the text in support of your answer. 1. Did Humayun show any improvement with the treatment given by the doctor? 3. Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. Who saved the life of Humayun? (Babar/the doctor/the pious man/God) 7.I. ( ) ) b. Why did the pious man want Babar to give money to the poor? II. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Babar loved his son more than his subjects . What was valuable to Babar? Did he offer that? 5. What made Babar become sad? 2. What did the pious man want Babar to offer? 4.

9. Babar died because of a serious illness. was called in. 5. A little later Babar died. Rearrange the following sentences in the most appropriate order:1. the pious man. 164 . He then asked the emperor to sell the diamond and give the money to the poor to save Humayun’s life. The doctor was successful in treating Humayun. 7. Once Humayun the son of Babar was seriously ill. He prayed God and asked Babar to offer the most valuable thing in his house. 10. Humayun’s life was saved. When Babar offered his life Humayun was saved. f. 3. But there was no improvement in his condition. ( ) ) ) ) d.c. ( e. The emperor called in a doctor to treat Humayun. The queen did not have any concern for her son. 8. Babar found the diamond more valuable than his life. 6. 2. He gave the best medicines. 4. ( ( III. Abdul Baka.

One morning a Police Officer visited him and said “I have news that a gang of dacoits remain sheltered in the neighbouring forest. So saying the police officer went away. During the day the dacoits used to hide themselves in the forest and at night they went out with arms attacking the villagers. burning their houses. I have also alerted my officers to take care of you and the village”. Therefore the villagers led a fear-stricken life. shouted Ramsingh to his servants. “Shut all the doors and windows before it gets dark”. looting their property and killing them. In the evening when the servants were getting ready to shut the doors and windows of the house there came a hungry boy and he stood in front of the 165 . They are likely to attack your house tonight. THE SHREWD BOY In the forests on both sides of the river Chambal in Madhya Pradesh there lived a gang of dacoits. In the neighbourhood of Chambal there lived a wealthy land-lord Ramsingh. You must be careful.4.

When it was midnight the boy heard the voice of some men under the tree. One of the men said. Hence he located a small tree. “You have saved our lives and property. As it had turned dark he could not find his way. I will give you food but you can’t stay here.” said the landlord. He listened carefully.” said Ramsingh thankfully. ”The police men are not here. “Dear boy. Let me run to the policemen and inform them about this. “You don’t need to thank us. You must thank this young boy. Quickly he came down the tree and found the policemen and told them how the dacoits had been attacking the house of the land lord.house.” shouted the servants. Go away or else we will kill you”.” said the police officer and then left. “We suspect you to have been sent by the gang of dacoits. give me some food and shelter for the night.” said the boy to himself.” pleaded the boy. I must save him and his property now. “I am very hungry. The policemen and the boy ran to the house of the land lord as fast as they could. After a few minutes he heard the commotion in Ramsingh’s house. The policemen overpowered them. In the meantime the dacoits tried to break open the main door of the house. The boy ate the food and went away. “The landlord is kind-hearted. “This boy wants food and shelter. ”What’s the noise here?” he asked them. 166 . we can go and attack Ramsingh’s house”. He fed me when I was hungry.” replied the servants. said the servants angrily. climbed it and sat on one of its branches. “We won’t give you anything. He decided to spend the rest of the night there. Ramsingh heard the noise of his servants and came out. It is he who informed us of the dacoits.

I am not going to ask you to go away.Looking at the boy cheerfully. How did the dacoits earn their living? 2. Ramsingh said. Why were the villagers grief-stricken? 3. Who alerted Ramsingh? How? 4. Why did the young boy come to the house of the landlord? How was he treated? 167 . “I gave you only food but in return you have saved not only my life and property but the entire village. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. You can be with us and work in my house”. Glossary: shrewd fear-stricken gathered alerted shelter overpowered - clever full of fear came together warn of a danger a place to stay use stronger force I. The boy lived there happily ever after.

c) they lived near the forest. Do you like the way the dacoits lived? 9.5. How was the boy rewarded? 8. The villagers were living in fear because _______________________________. Where did he seek shelter for the night? How did he spend the night? 6. How did the boy tackle the situation? 7. a) the landlord was cruel. b) they were frequently attacked by the dacoits. 168 . Read the following statements and choose the correct answers:1. How do you think you can make them become good? II.

In the beginning the landlord was ________________ to the boy. b) wanted more food. III.2. 5. a) he was a member of the gang. Match the persons given in Column A with the corresponding word in column B that describes best each of them. 4. a) considerate b) adamant c) cruel The Landlord and the villagers were saved by ___________________________________. policemen 3. c) thought it was his duty. a) wanted to go to the landlord’s house again. b) he would also be attacked. dacoits 5. Column A 1. c) the landlord would not like the boy. 3. the landlord 2. b) the shrewd boy’s timely report to the police. The boy wanted to save the landlord because he ____________________________________. servants 4. a) the timely action of the policemen. The servants ordered the boy to go out because they thought that ___________________________. the young boy 169 Column B cruel grateful brave dutiful loving and kind patriotic . c) the servants of the landlord.

2.IV. During the day the dacoits attacked the villagers. The boy located a small tree and decided to spend the night there. 5. 4. 3. 1. The policemen overpowered the dacoits. Ramsingh was a poor man. The boy saved Ramsingh’s life and property. (True / False) (True / False) (True / False) (True / False) (True / False) 170 . Answer whether the following are true or false.

The lion gave up hunting and therefore stopped eating meat. THE CLEVER CARPENTER Once there lived a carpenter and his wife in a forest. “You are welcome to share our meal every day. thank you for visiting us. This made his friends . 171 . We will be happy if you join us at dinner. He relished the food. My wife has cooked a fine meal. Please come alone and don’t bring your friends”. The lion agreed and assured them that nobody would harm them. One day when the lion saw them he growled. A lion with his two greedy and lazy friends .5.” The lion was pleased and joined them for dinner. The clever carpenter bowed low and said. “O great king. The carpenter said.a cunning jackal and a crow also lived in the same forest. The carpenter cut the wood in the forest and his wife did the cooking. The lion came every day to eat with his new friends.the lazy jackal and the crow to starve without food.

“Hi. The carpenter saw the lion. We are safe here. So I don’t hunt”. He saw the yearning eyes of the jackal and the hungry eyes of the crow and understood that the carpenter was right. They give me very nice food every day.One day the jackal asked the lion why he had stopped hunting. They said. He said to his wife. When the jackal and the crow heard this they were angry but did not show it. roared the lion. Let’s hurry. both the carpenter and his wife climbed the tree.” cried the carpenter sitting on the tree. The jackal and the crow cried and begged the lion to take them to his new friends’ house. But your friends are greedy. The lion looked back. The lion said. Don’t be afraid. The lion said that he could not take them as he had promised his new friends that he would always meet them alone. “Oh. on seeing the carpenter and his wife running for life. “We are in for trouble. 172 . Next morning the jackal and the crow set out with the lion to meet the carpenter and his wife. why are you running? They are also my friends. Look there they are. Go and climb a tree. They won’t harm you”. “I have found two new friends. “We are eager to meet your new friends”. king of forests! We like you. They may attack us. the jackal and the crow together at a distance. They may kill us.” Saying so. We know you will not harm us. The lion agreed at last on condition that they would not harm his new friends. Secretly the jackal and the crow had a plan to kill the lion’s new friends.

How did the carpenter win the lion’s friendship? 4. strong desire for something attack I. 2. Did the other animals like the lion visiting his new friends? 5. Name the animals in this story. How did the carpenter’s wife help him? 3. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two:s 1. Glossary yearning pounce longing. In the meantime the carpenter and his wife left the forest for ever.So the lion angrily pounced on the cunning and greedy jackal and the crow and drove them away. Who starved? Why? 173 .

c. 7. 2. a. The lion visited them everyday because he ________________________________. liked the food served by them. Did the jackal and the crow succeed in their plan? II. 174 . The carpenter and his wife lived in a forest because _____________________________________. didn’t want to live with the jackal and the crow. Choose the most appropriate answer to complete the following sentences:1. What kind of a woman was the carpenter’s wife? 8. they earned their livelihood by cutting the wood in the forest. Wanted to live with the animals in the forest. Why did the carpenter want the lion to come alone to see him? 9. they liked life in the forest b. Who was wise? The carpenter or the lion. a. b. wanted the jackal and the crow to starve. c.6.

3. ( ) 175 . The jackal and the crow were greedy. Say whether the following statements are true or false. c. the carpenter’s wife was very kind to them. a. 9. ( ) The carpenter and his wife left the forest at the end for fear of animals. the lion was mightier than them. ( ) The lion did not take the jackal and the crow to the carpenter’s house because he knew their plan. ( ) The jackal was not cunning enough to succeed in their plan. III. 1. 2. the carpenter was more cunning than them.the lazy jackal and the crow to starve without food. 7. This made his friends . 6. A lion cannot be friendly with other animals. ( ( ) ) The lion gave up hunting and therefore stopped eating meat. 3. 8. ( ) The carpenter was right in what he said about the jackal and the crow. b. Give word or words from the text in support of your answer. 5. Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. ( ) The carpenter and his wife ran for their life because they were afraid of the lion. The crow and the jackal did not succeed in their plan because ________________________. 4. ( ) The lion was very kind to the carpenter and his wife.

( IV. After the carpenter and his wife left the forest.selling vadais .said crow sang beautifully . 176 .fox carne along .asked crow to sing . Narrate how the carpenter escaped from the lion.vadai fell .fox took it and ran away. V. Complete the story of the fox and the crow from the following outline.crow snatched vadai . ) Old lady .10. the lion became friends with the greedy jackal and the crow once again.sat on a tree . Give your answer in 5-10 lines.crow opened mouth .

“So I shall take nine camels”. One day he called his three sons and said. “If I divide seventeen by nine the answer is one and eight-ninths.” The second son said one-third of seventeen is five and two-thirds. SEVENTEEN CAMELS Once there was a man who owned seventeen camels. The eldest son said half of seventeen is eight and a half. 177 . “I am too old to look after my camels.6.” The youngest son said. He was very proud of them. So I shall divide my seventeen camels among the three of you. You must look for some one who can help you”. my second son will get one-third and my youngest son will get one-ninth. “Then I should get six” said the second son. The youngest son said. “None of you are good at mathematics. Now take the camels and look after them. Their father was angry and said. “I want two whole camels”. My eldest son will get half the camels. The three brothers (quarrelled among themselves.

“I will solve your problem. said the second. I can cut your camels exactly into half. “Now what is one third of eighteen?” “Six”. “Right”. The little boy and the girl said. two-thirds and eight-ninths”. Thus the eldest brother could own nine camels. The brothers did not like the idea either.” The boy went and stood near the seventeen camels. Then how many camels are there altogether?” “Eighteen”.The three sons took the seventeen camels and walked down the road in search of a man who could help them. said the girl. 178 . They saw the camels and said. The three brothers were not willing to sell the camels. Then on the way they met a little boy and a girl returning home from school. the brothers answered.” said the boy. He said. We’II solve it for you. “This is a very easy problem. “I’ve got two whole camels”. “What is half of eighteen?” “Nine. They first met a trader. “So take away your nine camels. the second six and the youngest two. The trader offered a good price for the camels and asked them to share the money among themselves. “Pretend that I am a camel too. “But what about the pretended camel?” The youngest asked.” shouted the youngest joyfully. the girl said. “Now what is one-ninth of eighteen?” “Two. They then met a butcher in his shop. “Seventeen camels”. The brothers told them the whole story and asked if they could help them. “Correct”. “That’s my share”.” replied the eldest.

What did their father say to them? 5. 1.” replied the boy.“Oh! Now I’m a boy again. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two. Why did the three brothers start fighting? 4. each of them rode a camel. What did the butcher say to the brothers? 7. Why did the youngest son and the second son get so angry? 3. Who was the first person the brothers met on the road? What did he say to them? 6. with them to meet their father. “I don’t need to be a camel any more. How did seventeen camels become eighteen camels? 179 . What did the old man tell his three sons? 2. Glossary: butcher solve a person who cuts and sells meat find an answer to I. Of course none walked.” The three brothers were very happy. They took the little boy and the girl.

( ) The butcher cut the camels exactly into half. two-thirds and eight . ( ) The little boy and girl could not solve the problem.ninths. One day an aged father wanted his three sons to share the seventeen camels he owned. How did the children solve the problem? Do you think the three brothers were foolish. They all returned home happily. 9. They went out. He asked them to look for a person who could help them. Say whether the following statements are true or false. ( ( ( ) ) ) III. 5.8. 3. Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. The little boy was to be a pretended camel. 3. Rearrange the following sentences in the most appropriate order: 1. 180 . 4. On the way they met a trader. 5. The brothers were good at mathematics. Why? II. The old man was too old to take care of the camels. 2. 2. Give word or words from the text in support of your answer. 1. 4. He said that he would be able to cut the camels accordingly. 6.

12. 10. The little boy and girl finally solved their problem. 13. He also announced the share for each of them. He was not happy with their quarrelling. 11.7. He wanted them to sell the camels to him. They started quarrelling. Then they met a butcher. All the three found it difficult to divide them accordingly. 9. *** 181 . 8.

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