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Buyers Guide on How to Specify Gearboxes
13 Points to consider so you get the gearbox you need
By the Engineering Staff of Rino Mechanical www.rinomechanical.com
We use this even if the engineer specifies our standard part number. Is the gearbox appropriate for the operating environment? 3. we have developed a questionnaire we use to ensure that w h v fu d a te n c say d ti o o e e a e o n l h e e s r eas f n ’ l l s application. Main Specs These are standard and need no clarification except for ratio and backlash. customized standard or complete custom? This tells us quickly where we must focus.Buyers Guide on How to Specify Gearboxes 13 Points to consider so you get the gearbox you need By the Engineering Staff of Rino Mechanical www. .rinomechanical. The brief explanation of various gearbox sizing parameters below may help you clarify your application before calling a gearbox manufacturer. If you s y I e das n ad”h na oh r a “n e t d r. With this information. Some companies are willing to customize their standard gearboxes. Are you looking for standard.te l te a l avenues are eliminated. while others will not do any customization or even build a custom gearbox. The engineer may have picked the right gearbox for his application but: 1. gearbox manufacturers can better assist you in selecting the correct gearbox for your intended application. Could a smaller gearbox be selected based on the duty cycle? Some of these questions may seem simple but they allow us think about the application as a complete system. Delivery will be a consideration when considering a custom ratio. 1. Many manufacturer’ can supply custom ratios at initially higher prices s and when quantities are ordered they are usually priced similar to standard ratios. 2.com After many years of discussing gearboxes with engineers. Are there any lower cost alternatives to consider based on the specific application? 2. Ratios are generally standard from 1:1 to 120:1 or higher depending upon the gearbox. a.
Gearboxes can be supplied with vacuum rated grease. So if a gearbox is used in a step and hold cycle with the step cycle short and the hold time long (compared to the step cycle). Depending upon the manufacturer and the gearbox type. 7. When you get down to 1 arc-minute there may not be many manufacturers that can supply such a high precision gearbox. it is possible that a smaller gearbox or a slightly modified smaller gearbox can be used. low backlash can start at 10 arc-minutes and can be 8 or 5 or even 1 arc-minute. 3. b. Temperature Range Below -20 degree Celsius. giving a wide margin over actual gear teeth ratings. An IP67 rating means no dust entry and no water entry at 1 meter submersion. This may be a consideration. Duty cycle: There are many applications that have a low duty cycle which allows a smaller gearbox to be used without degrading life or destroying gear teeth. Many are rated at half of a degree (30 arc-minutes)Atrh p i “ w b cl h . 6. Most gearboxes have backlash ratings of less than 1 degree (60 arc-minutes). Operating temperature is required to ensure proper function. Environment This is one of the most important specification areas. IP codes specify how well sealed a gearbox is against intrusion from foreign matter and covers particle sizes down to no dust entry allowed (first digit 1-6) and water from drops to no water entry allowed (second digit 1-8). but there may be other considerations. Ocean salt water applications and wash down applications can be rated using the IP Code. It is very important that you send the PDF of the motor or the direct web address of the data. Maximum heat rise will occur well within 8 to 12 hours of operation time. and oils for higher or lower temperature operation. Grease/Oil This is related to temperature. no grease at all. Input needs These are straight forward except when a custom motor flange is required.b. . Operation a. Once we are outside the standard factory environment every factor becomes important. 5. Temperature is one part of this equation. special low temperature greases are required. f ti o tl a k s ” e s n o a gearboxes come into play for positioning applications. Most manufacturers rate the gearboxes for wear strength. 4. 24 hour/day is listed but generally any 8 or 12 hours for 5 days a week is considered full time operation.
Shafts: Usually the normal output shaft is round but can be supplied as a hex. b. Bores: Basic items such as diameter. square. Key slots need to be specifed. conversations will be needed to clarify the specifications before a quote is issued. however. written and verbal. By emailing the data you have. hex. See next page for Buyers Guide on how to specify Gearboxes. c.Ma y i sw aeu a l t f dtep rn mb r ntema ua trr sefr n nt me e r n b o i h at u e o h e n n fc e’ i o ma y u s t reasons. be included in the formal quote from the manufacturer(s). 8. In most applications. If you are looking for a customized standard gearbox. This will confirm that all quotes are the same so you can compare them properly. and keyway are straight forward. Output needs a. a more corrosion resistant material such as stainless steel or aluminum with a hard anodized finish may be required. Housing a. length of bore. D or splined. In custom situations it is helpful to make clear any size restrictions to ensure the manufactured gearbox fits appropriately into your system. This is what we call right hand rotation. A CW input that produces a CW output rotation is called a left hand rotation gearbox. Output Rotation: Most gearboxes with clockwise (CW) input give a counter-clock wise (CCW) output rotation. square. c. D or splined bores can be done. However if the gearbox will be used in a wash down or a marine application. .stp file for approval. it saves time and allows us to get you an answer quicker. b. If the gearbox is standard the material is known and is not in question. Ask that all your specifications. Some manufacturers will supply a drawing or CAD. 9. But when it is different than the standard bore it generally be will be more expensive in prototype or small quantities. a drawing is required with changes noted to ensure there are no misunderstandings between yourself and the gearbox manufacturer. There are also gearboxes with dual counter rotating output shafts. Much time can be wasted when searching for a motor if a part number is missing a letter or a dash.
__________________Other _______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Input Shaft: Diameter ________ Length _________ Single ___ Double ___ Bore: Diameter ________ Keyway___________________ Flange: NEMA ___________ Custom: Motor Mfg____________________________________ Motor Part Number______________________________________ or send PDF ____ Web site link for motor ___________________________________ or email link ____ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Output Shaft: Bore: Diameter _______ Length ________ Single ___ Double ___ Diameter ____ Keyway ______ Hex_____ Square_____ D___________ Spline __________ Output Rotation: RH (standard)___ LH ___ Counter Rotating ____ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Housing Cast _________ Machined Alum.com –1-888-260-7466 Are you looking for: Standard ___ Customized Standard ___Complete Custom ___ Gearbox type Right Angle __ In-line ___ Parallel ___ Bevel ___ Worm/Wheel ___ Planetary ___Other _______________________________________ Main Specs Ratio _______Input rpm _______ Output Torque _______ In-lbs (or Nm) Backlash ___________ Operation 24 hour/ day ____ Duty cycle ____________________________________________ Temp. range _____to _____ Degrees __ C __ F Grease ___________ Oil _________________ Environment Standard Factory___ Outdoor______________________ Food grade _________ Wash down ______ Ocean commercial ______ Ocean Military ______ IP code _______ Mil Spec.www. ________ Plastic__________Stainless ___________ Other _________________________________________________________________________ Size Restrictions________________________________________________________________ Changes from standard __________________________________________________________ Attach drawing ____ Other special needs __________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ .Buyers Guide on how to specify Gearboxes Provided by Rino Mechanical Components .rinomechanical.