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Pathophysiology The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children Kathryn L. McCance Sue E. Huether 5th Edition Unit VII Benign growth and Proliferative Conditions Benign Ovarian Cysts 790

Benign cysts of the ovary may occur at any time during the life span, but are most common during the reproductive years and in particular, at the extremes of those years. An increase in benign ovarian cysts occurs when hormonal imbalances are more common, around puberty and menopause. Functional cysts are caused by variations of normal physiologic events; the two common causes of benign ovarian enlargement in ovulating women are follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts. They are typically 5-6 cm in diameter but can grow as large as 8 to 10 cm. benign cysts of the ovary are produced when the follicle or a number of follicles are stimulated but no dominant follicle develops and completes the maturity process. Follicular cysts can caused by transient condition in which the dominant follicle fails to rupture or one or more of the nondominant follicles fail to regress. Follicular cysts can vary in size and symptoms from one episode to the next. Often, follicular cysts will recur. Most follicular cysts are fluid filled; the more solid an ovarian cysts, the greater the chance of malignancy. Corpus luteum cysts may develop because of a hormonal imbalance in low LH and progesterone levels causing an in adequate development of the corpus luteum. Corpus luteum cysts are less common than the follicular cysts but luteal cysts typically cause more symptoms, particularly if they rupture, they usually regress spontaneously in non pregnant women. Oral contraceptives may be used to prevent cysts from forming in the future.

Delmoid cysts are ovarian teratomas that contain elements of all three germ layers: they are common ovarian neoplasms; they are usually asymptomatic and are found incidentally on pelvic examinations. Deltoid cysts have malignant and should be removed. Torsion of the ovary may occur as a complication of ovarian cysts or tumors or enlargement of the ovary associated with infertility treatments. Ovarian torsion is rare but is a gynecologic emergency when present.

even in their 20s. . Early detection . Women should be aware of the possibilities especially if the family history suggests it. Having two close relatives with the disease increases the risk even more. Many women. Women who have never been pregnant have a higher risk than women who have had a child.yearly physical exams are needed and its the best way to avoid such diseases to develop because cysts do not usually present symptoms unless it is benign or even worst it becomes a tumor. or daughter) who has ovarian cysts have an increased risk of developing the disease.Reaction The kind of benign growth is a fluid-filled sac called a cyst. they must be removed surgically. The factors that increase the chances of the development of getting the disease are that if Women with a close female relative (a mother. in other cases. Giving birth appears to reduce a woman s chances of developing ovarian cysts. Cysts sometimes disappear without treatment. develop ovarian cysts. Having several pregnancies seems to further lower a woman s risk for the disease. possibly because pregnancy reduces the number of times a woman ovulates (releases an egg). sister.

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