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(Revision of ASME BTH-1-2008)
Design of Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices
Tentative Subject to Revision or Withdrawal
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ASME Codes and Standards
© 2011 The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Page X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Location 1-2 1-4. (0x).2 3-2.3.2 4-10. Revisions introduced within the 200X edition of ASME BTH-1 are identified by a margin note.1 1-7 3-2.8 1-5.3 5-3 5-3.8 5-4.ASME BTH-1-200X Summary of Changes Following approval by the ASME BTH Standards Committee and after public review.4 1-6.3 1-5.3.3 Change New paragraphs added Removed Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety References updated Revised in its entirety Editorially revised Formulas revised References updated Minor revisions Revised in its entirety Editorially revised Added New wording added Title revised Added Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety .3. ASME BTH-1-200x was approved by the American National Standards Institute on .6 3-3.4 4-9 4-10.1 1-5.3 5-7.2 1-5.3 4-11 5-1.1 4-5.6 5-6.
The design of lifting attachments may be addressed by existing industry design standards. Commentary: ASME BTH-1 addresses only design requirements.12).1-16-11 Chapter 1 Scope.1). 1-5. The provisions defined in this standard address the most common and broadly applicable aspects of the design of below-the-hook lifting devices.Attachment 1 . rigging hardware. and similar appurtenances (para.20. [unchanged definitions skipped] hoist: a machinery unit that is used for lifting and lowering (para. padeyes.1). The qualified person shall determine the appropriate methods to be used to address design issues that are not explicitly covered in the standard so as to provide design factors and/or performance consistent with the intent of this standard.1). shall: indicates that the rule is mandatory and must be followed (section 1-2). maintenance. the Revisions / Additions – January 16. plastic collapse. used for attaching loads to a hoist used for attaching a load to a hoist. below-the-hook lifting device (lifting device. or function of machinery under normal usage (para. a qualified person should determine if the provisions of BTH-1 are applicable.20. and References 1-2 SCOPE This Standard provides minimum structural and mechanical design and electrical component selection criteria for ASME B30. load: one sequence of two load reversals that define a range between maximum and minimum load (para. ring. Compliance with requirements and criteria that may be unique to specialized industries and environments is outside of the scope of this Standard. 1-5. should: indicates that the rule is a recommendation. and Definitions. such as lifting lugs. load(s). Lifting devices designed to this Standard shall comply with ASME B30.BTH-1-2011 Revisions .20 below-the-hook lifting devices. hooks. [unchanged definitions skipped] rigging hardware: a detachable load supporting device such as a shackle. ASME B30. inspection. and lifting attachments.1) ). which addresses safety requirements. 1-5. durability. [unchanged sections skipped] 1-4. 1-5. 2011 1 .20 includes provisions that apply to the marking. swivel. installation. such as brittle fracture. trunnions. limit state: a condition in which a structure or component becomes unfit for service. The device may contain components such as slings. and is judged either to be no longer useful for its intended function (serviceability limit state) or to be unsafe (strength limit state) (para. 1-5.7). The provisions in this Standard apply to the design or modification of below-the-hook lifting devices. Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices. excessive deformation. construction. fatigue. this Standard should be used in conjunction with ASME B30. and rigging hardware that are addressed by ASME B30 volumes or other standards (section 1-1). durability.8 Pressurized Fluid Systems Pressurized fluid systems are not covered by this Standard.20. lifting attachment: a load supporting device that is bolted or permanently attached to the lifted load object being lifted. lifter): a device. As such. hooks. or clevis (para. instability.2). eyebolt. In the absence of such design standards. ASME BTH-1 does not replace ASME B30. applied: external force(s) acting on a structural member or machine element due to the rated load. cycle. 1-2 1-5. link. and other forces created by the operation and geometry of the lifting device (para.1 Definitions — General ambient temperature: the temperature of the atmosphere surrounding the lifting device (para. 1-4. 1-5.1). 1-5. The design criteria set forth are minimum requirements that may be increased at the discretion of the lifting device manufacturer or a qualified person. serviceability limit state: limiting condition affecting the ability of a structure to preserve its maintainability. and operation of below-the-hook lifting devices. testing. dead load. other than slings.
For purposes of this calculation. vacuum lifter lifting device: a below-the-hook lifting device for lifting and transporting loads using a holding force by means of vacuum (section 4-10). 1-6. excessive deformation. 1-5.2).3 Definitions for Chapter 4 back-driving: a condition where the load imparts motion to the drive system (para. 1-5.1). 2-2.3). the weight of the load does not include the weight of the lifter (section 4-9. 1-5. either liquid or gas.BTH-1-2011 Revisions . 4-5. fluid power: energy transmitted and controlled by means of a pressurized fluid. unbraced length: the distance between braced points of a member. strength limit state: limiting condition affecting the safety of the structure.2). and direction imparted to a moving apparatus (para. 1-5. 4-9. 3-4. 1-5. 5-3. stopping.1). 4-10.2). 2 min off = equals Revisions / Additions – January 16. the grip ratio is 2. 4-10. 3-2. which uses compressed air or other gases (section 4-11). which uses a pressurized liquid such as oil or water. [unchanged definitions skipped] 1-5. strength limit state: limiting condition affecting the safety of the structure. vacuum reservoir: the evacuated portion of a vacuum system which functions to compensate for leakage in the vacuum system or to provide a vacuum reserve in the event of vacuum generator failure (para. 1-5.2).2). such as brittle fracture. durability. measured between the centers of gravity of the bracing members.Attachment 1 .1). plastic collapse. speed. grip ratio: the ratio of the sum of the horizontal forces on one side of the load to the live weight of the load. 1-5. and is judged either to be no longer useful for its intended function (serviceability limit state) or to be unsafe (strength limit state) (para. for beams not braced against twist or lateral displacement. The term applies to both hydraulics.1). coefficient of static friction: the nondimensional number obtained by dividing the friction force resisting initial motion between two bodies by the normal force pressing the bodies together (para. stress concentration: localized stress considerably higher than average (even in uniformly loaded cross sections of uniform thickness) due to abrupt changes in geometry or localized loading (para. EXAMPLE: 1/2 3 min on.1). in which the ultimate load carrying capacity is reached (para. and pneumatics.1).1). [unchanged definitions skipped] vacuum: pressure less than ambient atmospheric pressure (para. 5-2. instability. duty cycle: duty cycle = time on x 100 time on + time off and is expressed as a percentage (para.000 lb. fatigue. local buckling: the buckling of a compression element that may precipitate the failure of the whole member at a stress level below the yield stress of the material (para. in which the ultimate load carrying capacity is reached (para.1). 1-5. [unchanged definitions skipped] 1-5.1).000 lb and the live load is 50.1). force. [unchanged definitions skipped] slip-critical: a type of bolted connection in which shear is transmitted by means of the friction produced between the faying surfaces by the clamping action of the bolts (para. drive system: an assembly of components that governs the starting.4 Definitions for Chapter 5 [unchanged definitions skipped] control system: an assembly or group of devices that govern or regulate the operation of an apparatus (para.3).1-16-11 advisability of which depends on the facts in each situation (para. limit state: a condition in which a structure or component becomes unfit for service.5). maximum span between supports or points of applied load (para. 2011 2 . if the total horizontal force on one side of the load is 100. sling: an assembly to be used for lifting when connected to a hoist or lifting device at the sling’s upper end and when supporting a load at the sling’s lower end (para.2 Definitions for Chapter 3 [unchanged definitions skipped] gross area: full cross-sectional area of the member (para. 1-5. For example. vacuum pad: a device that applies a holding force on the load by means of vacuum (para.
Quincy.3.3. Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur and Helical Gear Teeth1 Publisher: American Gear Manufacturers Association (AGMA). (mm) (para.Attachment 1 .1).2) Cm = coefficient applied to bending term in interaction equation for prismatic member and dependent upon column curvature caused by applied moments (para.2) Lp = maximum laterally unbraced length of a bending member for which the full plastic bending capacity can be realized. (mm) (para. 5-6. ground (grounded): electrically connected to earth or to some conducting body that serves in place of the earth (section 5-5). 3-2. 3-2. 3-2. New York.2) Lb = distance between cross sections braced against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange. National Electrical Code1 Publisher: National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).1) R = distance from the center of the hole to the edge of the plate in the direction of the applied load.20-2003 2010.3.3. in.W. (mm) (para. kips (N) (para. 3-2. suspended from a crane.2).3.1) bf = width of the compression flange. 25 West 43rd Street.2) Cf = stress category constant for fatigue analysis (para.4) [unchanged symbols skipped] J = torsional constant.2) l = (para.3. Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices1 1 May also be obtained from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). in.2) Cb = bending coefficient dependent upon moment gradient (para.1-1997 2005. 3-3. 3-2. 2011 3 . 3-2.0).3. 33.2) l = the actual unbraced length of the member.1 Symbols for Chapter 3 [unchanged symbols skipped] beff = effective width to each side of the pinhole. in. [unchanged definitions skipped] 1-6. FL 33126 ANSI/NFPA 70-2005 2008.6). MA 022699101 ASME B17. Revisions / Additions – January 16. (mm) (para. 3-3.1-16-11 1/2 / (1/2 + 2) x 100 = 20% 3 x 100 = 60% 3+ 2 electromagnet. that requires power from a source external to the crane (para. 3-2. for beams not braced against twist or lateral displacement. Specification for Welding of Industrial and Mill Cranes and Other Material Handling Equipment1 Publisher: American Welding Society (AWS). in. 33. Keys and Keyseats ASME B30. in. 550 N. variable used in the cumulative fatigue analysis (para.BTH-1-2011 Revisions . 3-2. 500 Montgomery Street. NY 10036. 3-2.5) CLTB = lateral-torsional buckling strength coefficient (para.2) [unchanged symbols skipped] Pv = allowable double plane shear strength beyond the pinhole. (mm) (para. (mm) (para. radius of edge of plate (Table 3-5) r = radius of gyration about the axis under consideration. Alexandria.3). maximum span between supports or points of applied load. uniform moment case (Cb = 1. in. 3-2. in.1) [unchanged symbols skipped] 1-7 REFERENCES The following is a list of publications referenced in this Standard.3.1-1967 (Reaffirmed 1998 2008). radius of curvature of the edge of the plate.1) K = effective length factor based on the degree of fixity at each end of the member (para. in. (mm) (Commentary for para.3. 1 Batterymarch Park. 3-4. 32. 32.4 (mm4) (para. Miami. LeJeune Road.3. ANSI/AGMA 2001-C95.2) Cc = column slenderness ratio separating elastic and inelastic buckling (para. (mm) (para. externally powered: a lifting magnet. VA 22314-1581 ANSI/AWS D14. 3-4. in.
150 Tensile Strength for Structural ksi Minimum for Structural ksi Minimum Publisher: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Steel. NJ 07030-5774 [unchanged references skipped] Bjorhovde. and Ravindra. T. 100 Barr Harbor Drive.F. ST9 Duerr. Industrial Control and Systems: Controllers.K.. 116(7). 1997 2008. 10772 Berlin. Motors and Generators Publisher: National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). No...” Journal of Structural Engineering.V. W. R. Kulak. 104.. Rosslyn. VA. 1978.V. “LRFD Criteria for Steel Beam-Columns. Vol.BTH-1-2011 Revisions . Vol. 132. ST9 Revisions / Additions – January 16. D. Heat Treated.. PA 19428-2959 DIN 6885-1. Standard Specification Bolts. T. NY 10016-5990.” Journal of the Structural Division. and Kitipornchai..K. Keyways.L. 2 Dux.” Journal of the Structural Division. 2011 4 . P.. Industrial Control and Systems: Enclosures MG 1-2003. Hoboken. “Buckling of Suspended I-Beams. Parallel Keys. 2nd 3rd edition Stress Publisher: John Wiley & Sons. “Pinned Connection Strength and Behavior.1-16-11 Publisher: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Fairfield. VA 22209 Pilkey. 1978. (DIN). 1877–1891. Three Park Avenue.. Vol. Revision 1-2004 2006 Rev 1-2007. 120/105 Tensile Strength ASTM A 490. Fisher. Peterson’s Concentration Factors. Inc.V. R2006). Alloy Steel. 111 River Street. American Society of Civil Engineers. 1300 North 17th Street.. Galambos. Box 2300. No. Suite 1847 1752. 104. M. Contactors. Germany ICS 2-2000 (R2005).” Journal of Structural Engineering. and Overload Relays Rated 600 Volts ICS 6-1993 (R2001.Attachment 1 . New York. Reston.D. (1990). S. No. Galambos. “Load and Resistance Design Criteria for Connectors.. Heat Treated.W.. West Conshohocken. Order Department: 22 Law Drive. Standard Specification Bolts. NJ 07007-2300 ASTM A 325. M. and Ravindra. J. 2006. Deep Pattern Publisher: Deutsches Institut für Normung e. Drive Type Fastenings Without Taper Action. G.
2011 5 .Attachment 1 .] Revisions / Additions – January 16.1-16-11 Chapter 2 Lifter Classifications [No changes for Chapter 2.BTH-1-2011 Revisions .
(3-10) for I-shape members and by eq. maximum span between supports or points of applied load rT = radius of gyration of a section comprising the compression flange plus 1⁄3 of the compression web area. (3-16) (3-17). For channels bent about the strong axis.25 ! 1.1-16-11 Chapter 3 Structural Design 3-2. (3-11) for box members is given by eq. 2011 6 . The allowable bending stress for members with compact or noncompact sections.75 I x J C LTB = + 0. and laterally braced at intervals not exceeding Lr for major axis bending as defined by eq. for beams not braced The value B is positive when the stem is in tension and negative when the stem is in compression anywhere along the unbraced length. Commentary: Noncompact shapes that are braced at intervals not exceeding the spacing defined by eqs. (3-9).BTH-1-2011 Revisions . (3-10) or (3-11) have a limit state moment that equates to outer fiber yield. bent about either the major or minor axis.66ECb N d Lb d A f ( ) ! Fy Nd ! Fy Nd (3-17) Fb = C LTB where 0.66ECb N d Lb d A f ( ) CLTB = 1.59ECb > rT Fy Fb = ! 2 ECb " Fy Nd " Fy Nd (3-16) (3-15) ( B + 1 + B ) " FNaS L EI GJ ( B + 1 + B ) " FNaS L 2 y x d y 2 y b d x (3-18) where a = 1.Attachment 1 . loaded through the shear center.00 for beams braced against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange at the ends of the unbraced length 3.2 Strong Axis and W eak Axis Bending of Compact Sections with Unbraced Length Greater than Lp and Noncompact Sections.00 for beams not braced Lb b f against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange at the ends of the unbraced length Lb = distance between cross sections braced against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange. the allowable bending stress is given by eq.00 I x J C LTB = ! 1.00 for beams not braced Lb b f against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange at the ends of the unbraced length if the stem is in tension 1.25 if the stem is in tension B= N d ( Lb rT ) 2 Fb = C LTB N d ( Lb rT ) ! 2 ECb 2 For any value of Lb rT ±2. [unchanged paragraphs skipped] When against twist or lateral displacement. The allowable bending stress for members with noncompact sections provides a design Revisions / Additions – January 16.3 ( d Lb ) I y J CLTB = 1.20 ! 1.00 for beams braced against twist or lateral displacement of the compression element at the ends of the unbraced length 0. taken about an axis in the plane of the web bf = width of the compression flange The allowable major axis moment M for tees and double-angle members loaded in the plane of symmetry is M= ! Nd ! Nd EI y GJ b M = C LTB Lb 17.0 if the stem is in compression = 1. as defined by Table 3-1.3.00 for beams not braced Lb b f against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange at the ends of the unbraced length if the stem is in compression G = shear modulus of elasticity Iy = minor axis moment of inertia Fb = 0.80 I x J C LTB = + 0.
and Kitipornchai. Equations (3-13) through (3-17) define allowable bending compression stresses that provide a design factor of Nd with respect to this limit state. and unstiffened plates for which beff ! 4t ! be beff = 4t ! be (3-47) h t ! 2. Pins.3.Attachment 1 . The coefficient CLTB in eqs. 3-1. this value may be taken as the clear distance between flanges less the fillet or corner radius. [unchanged paragraphs skipped] 3-2. the fracture strength beyond the pinhole on a single plane parallel to the line of action of the applied load. Suspended beams exhibit different behavior with respect to lateral torsional buckling (Dux. and Unstiffened Plates. pins. 1980) or yield (Ellifritt. 1990). I-shape beams show a buckling strength less than that predicted by the standard elastic buckling equations at proportions where stress. The strength of a pin-connected plate in the region of the pinhole shall be taken as the least value of the tensile strength of the effective area on a plane through the center of the pinhole perpendicular to the line of action of the applied load..F. 1992).1 Static Strength of the Plates. t = thickness of the plate Methods used to determine the strength of plates subjected to shear forces for which h t ! 2. (3-47) does not apply to plates that are stiffened or otherwise prevented from buckling out of plane. [unchanged paragraphs skipped] The effective width shall be taken as the smaller of the values calculated as follows: ( Lb b f ) I x J is greater than about 3.45 E Fy shall provide a design factor with respect to the limit state of buckling not less than the applicable value given in para. and 3-18 accounts for this reduced buckling strength. S.6 Shear on Bars. The average shear stress Fv on bars.3. 2001). The shear yield stress is based on the Energy of Distortion Theory (Shigley and Mischke. The allowable moment expression for tees and double angle members eq. Experience has shown that the members of belowthe-hook lifting devices are not generally composed of slender shear elements.6 (3-28) Fu Fy Fu Fy Dh ! be be Dh ! be be (3-48) Fv = Fy Nd 3 beff = be 0. For rolled shapes.25 is based on the discussion in Commentary for para.. (3-18) defines the allowable moment based on the lesser limit state of lateral torsional buckling (Kitipornchai and Trahair. 3-17.3.4. 3-2. Eqs. Revisions / Additions – January 16. Commentary: The allowable shear stress expression is based on CMAA #70.3. et al. which specifies the allowable shear stress as a function of the shear yield where be = actual width of a pin-connected plate between the edge of the hole and the edge of the plate on a line perpendicular to the line of action of the applied load The width limit of eq.BTH-1-2011 Revisions . Tee shape beams show reduced buckling strength at all proportions. and the double plane shear strength beyond the pinhole parallel to the line of action of the applied load. 3-16.1-16-11 factor of Nd with respect to outer fiber yielding. 2011 7 . The limiting slenderness ratio of plates in shear is taken from AISC (2000). provisions for the design of slender shear elements are not included in the Standard. [unchanged paragraphs skipped] 3-3. The value of a = 1. Therefore. 3-10 through 3-18 are based on the behavior of beams that are restrained against twist or lateral displacement at the ends of the unbraced length Lb.45 E Fy shall not exceed beff ! be 0. P.6 where h = clear depth of the plate parallel to the applied shear force at the section under investigation. I-shape members and channels bent about the strong axis may fail in lateral torsional buckling.
Attachment 1 . environmental conditions. Commentary: The Committee decided to provide the Lewis formula to the qualified person as a simpler method to size gearing.4 Relation to Other Standards As an alternative to the Lewis formula in eq. vacuum reservoir. It shall indicate the presence of the minimum vacuum required for the rated load of the vacuum lifting device. Commentary: This performance-based requirement allows the use of various vacuum preservation methods (e. torsion and bending loads of the vacuum pad. 4-10. hoses.). coefficients of friction. dry. and product temperature can affect the required grip ratio and should be considered during the design by a qualified person. (4-1). compressed air storage. the Lewis Equation coupled with the design factor Nd provides conservative results. provided that the rating is based on a design factor equal to or greater than 1. As an alternative. as defined in ASME B30. 4-11.3 Vacuum Indicator A vacuum indicator shall be visible to the lifter operator during use and shall continue to function during an unintended loss of power. pumps.2 Vacuum Preservation Reservoir System The vacuum lifter lifting device shall incorporate a method vacuum reservoir system of sufficient size to prevent the vacuum level under the pads pad(s) from decreasing more than 25% 10% (starting from rated vacuum level) in 5 4 minutes with without primary power off and the vacuum pad(s) attached to on a clean. and surface conditions of interfacing materials. such as indentation-type lifters. contamination.g. is not covered in this section.1-16-11 Chapter 4 Mechanical Design 4-5.20. lifters such as bar tongs and vertical axis coil grabs have other special load handling conditions (e. (b) Each hydraulic fluid power component shall be selected based on the manufacturer’s rating and the maximum pressure applied to that component of the system. [unchanged sections skipped] 4-10 VACUUM LIFTING DEVICE DESIGN [unchanged sections skipped] 4-10. Factors such as type and condition of gripping surfaces.2 Fluid Power Components (a) The lifting device manufacturer or qualified person shall specify system components such as cylinders. In addition. for pressuregripping lifters (friction-type). and tubes. dynamic loads. Based on a review of a large number of gear designs. pipes. Fluid power systems should be designed so that loss of the lifter power source(s). Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur and Helical Gear Teeth.1 Purpose This section identifies requirements of fluid power systems and components for below-the-hook lifting devices. 2011 8 .BTH-1-2011 Revisions . or control system failure will not result in uncontrolled movement of the load. opening force) that should be considered. Consideration should be given to conditions such as surface temperatures. the qualified person can use ANSI/AGMA 2001-C95 to provide a more refined analytical approach where the design parameters of the lifter are more constrained. Commentary: Design of other types of lifting devices. Unintended loss of power shall not disconnect the pads pad(s) from the vacuum preservation method reservoir system.g.. etc. fluid loss. battery backup. valves. and nonporous surface at the rated load. 4-11 FLUID POWER SYSTEMS 4-11. tested vacuum pad performance. Revisions / Additions – January 16.67 Nd. [unchanged sections skipped] 4-9 GRIP RATIO This section sets forth requirements for the grip ratio. spur and helical gears may be based upon ANSI/AGMA 2001-C95.
The design factor requirement of 1.50 Nd. Alternately. Commentary: Standard hydraulic components are designed with a design factor of 4 (burst pressure / operating pressure). an indicator should be provided to allow the lifter operator to verify that the fluid pressure is sufficient during all stages of lifter use.Attachment 1 . components. 4-11. (d) Components whose failure will not result in uncontrolled movement of the load may be selected based on the manufacturer’s rating.2(b). shall be detailed in the specifications. The fluid pressure indicator(s) shall be clearly visible or audible. pneumatic fluid power components may be selected in accordance with para. piping. 4-11. Additional indicators may be necessary to allow monitoring of various systems.5 System Guarding Fluid power tubing. the supply requirements. 4-11.1-16-11 (c) Each pneumatic fluid power component shall be selected based on the maximum pressure applied to that component of the system and a rating equal to the manufacturer's rating divided by 0.67 Nd defined in this section equates to a required design factor of 5 for Design Category B.BTH-1-2011 Revisions . which shall include the maximum sum of all fluid power components possible to actuate at one time. 4-11.4 Fluid Pressure Indication If a change in fluid pressure could result in uncontrolled movement of the load. Revisions / Additions – January 16.3 Power Source/Supply Where the lifter uses an external fluid power source that is not part of the below-the-hook lifter. 2011 9 . and indicators should be located or guarded to resist damage resulting from collision with other objects and whipping in the event of failure.
Multiple bulbs may be used to avoid confusion due to a burned-out bulb. the lights shall be located so that they are visible to the lifter operator.Attachment 1 . Revisions / Additions – January 16. BUTTONS INTERFACE SENSORS.6 Lifting Magnet Controllers Controllers for lifting magnets shall be in accordance with ASME B30. or tagging in the open (off) position. (c) Disconnects are not required on externally powered electromagnets operating from a 120 V AC single phase power source. [unchanged sections skipped] 5-4. (c) If the crane is remote controlled.2 to protect it from unintended operation. The magnet disconnect switch shall be connected on the line side (power supply side) of the hoisting equipment disconnect switch.3 Battery Alarm [unchanged sections skipped] 5-3.” If used. or by providing a circuit switch that disconnects excitation power to the generator and removes all power to the lifting magnet. [unchanged sections skipped] 5-7. loss of the remote control signal shall not result in deenergizing the lifting magnet.20. (a) All lifting magnet controllers should have voltage and amperage indicated. The supply requirements shall include the maximum full load amperage draw based on the operating conditions that will create the largest demand on the system. 5-3 OPERATOR SWITCHES.3 Power Requirements The electrical power supply and control power requirements for operating a lifting device shall be detailed in the specifications. flagging. (b) Provisions shall be made for maintaining the control switch in position per Section 5-3.1-16-11 Chapter 5 Electrical Components [unchanged sections skipped] 5-1. (b) Power supplied to lifting magnets from DC generators can be disconnected by disabling the external powered source connected to the generator.8 Indicators Indication or signal lights should be provided to indicate power is “on” or “off. Means Battery backup systems for lifters or lifting magnets shall have an audible or and visible signal to warn the lifter operator when the primary power to the lifter or magnet is being supplied by the backup battery(ies). AND LIMIT PUSH for discharging the inductive energy of the magnet shall be provided. [unchanged sections skipped] 5-6.3 Disconnect for Magnet (a) Hoisting equipment with an externally powered electromagnet shall have a separate magnet circuit switch of the enclosed type with provision for locking. 2011 10 .BTH-1-2011 Revisions .
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