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(Revision of ASME BTH-1-2008)
Design of Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices
Tentative Subject to Revision or Withdrawal
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ASME Codes and Standards
© 2011 The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
3 4-11 5-1.1 1-5.2 4-10.4 1-6.3 5-3 5-3.4 4-9 4-10. Revisions introduced within the 200X edition of ASME BTH-1 are identified by a margin note.2 3-2.ASME BTH-1-200X Summary of Changes Following approval by the ASME BTH Standards Committee and after public review.3 5-7.8 5-4.3 Change New paragraphs added Removed Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety References updated Revised in its entirety Editorially revised Formulas revised References updated Minor revisions Revised in its entirety Editorially revised Added New wording added Title revised Added Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety Revised in its entirety .1 4-5.1 1-7 3-2.6 3-3.3.2 1-22.214.171.124 1-5. ASME BTH-1-200x was approved by the American National Standards Institute on .6 5-6.8 1-5. Page X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Location 1-2 1-4. (0x).
such as lifting lugs. limit state: a condition in which a structure or component becomes unfit for service. The qualified person shall determine the appropriate methods to be used to address design issues that are not explicitly covered in the standard so as to provide design factors and/or performance consistent with the intent of this standard. construction. hooks. applied: external force(s) acting on a structural member or machine element due to the rated load. 1-4. and Definitions. the Revisions / Additions – January 16. testing.1).1 Definitions — General ambient temperature: the temperature of the atmosphere surrounding the lifting device (para. instability. such as brittle fracture. 1-5. 1-5. trunnions. used for attaching loads to a hoist used for attaching a load to a hoist. and rigging hardware that are addressed by ASME B30 volumes or other standards (section 1-1). link. The design of lifting attachments may be addressed by existing industry design standards.12). below-the-hook lifting device (lifting device. 2011 1 . The design criteria set forth are minimum requirements that may be increased at the discretion of the lifting device manufacturer or a qualified person. [unchanged definitions skipped] hoist: a machinery unit that is used for lifting and lowering (para. Lifting devices designed to this Standard shall comply with ASME B30.1-16-11 Chapter 1 Scope. and similar appurtenances (para.20. 1-5. lifter): a device. durability. lifting attachment: a load supporting device that is bolted or permanently attached to the lifted load object being lifted. plastic collapse. In the absence of such design standards.2). which addresses safety requirements. and is judged either to be no longer useful for its intended function (serviceability limit state) or to be unsafe (strength limit state) (para. ring. and operation of below-the-hook lifting devices. inspection. other than slings. load(s). should: indicates that the rule is a recommendation. 1-5. and other forces created by the operation and geometry of the lifting device (para. As such. The provisions defined in this standard address the most common and broadly applicable aspects of the design of below-the-hook lifting devices. dead load. and References 1-2 SCOPE This Standard provides minimum structural and mechanical design and electrical component selection criteria for ASME B30.1).BTH-1-2011 Revisions .20.1) ). or function of machinery under normal usage (para. The device may contain components such as slings. [unchanged definitions skipped] rigging hardware: a detachable load supporting device such as a shackle. maintenance. load: one sequence of two load reversals that define a range between maximum and minimum load (para. shall: indicates that the rule is mandatory and must be followed (section 1-2). fatigue. rigging hardware. hooks. and lifting attachments. eyebolt. The provisions in this Standard apply to the design or modification of below-the-hook lifting devices.1). this Standard should be used in conjunction with ASME B30.7). or clevis (para. 1-5.20 below-the-hook lifting devices.Attachment 1 . Commentary: ASME BTH-1 addresses only design requirements. Compliance with requirements and criteria that may be unique to specialized industries and environments is outside of the scope of this Standard. Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices.20. a qualified person should determine if the provisions of BTH-1 are applicable. padeyes. 1-5. cycle.20 includes provisions that apply to the marking. 1-2 1-5. [unchanged sections skipped] 1-4. serviceability limit state: limiting condition affecting the ability of a structure to preserve its maintainability. durability. ASME B30. ASME BTH-1 does not replace ASME B30. installation. excessive deformation.8 Pressurized Fluid Systems Pressurized fluid systems are not covered by this Standard.1). swivel. 1-5.
1). 1-5. local buckling: the buckling of a compression element that may precipitate the failure of the whole member at a stress level below the yield stress of the material (para.3). vacuum lifter lifting device: a below-the-hook lifting device for lifting and transporting loads using a holding force by means of vacuum (section 4-10). if the total horizontal force on one side of the load is 100.1). which uses compressed air or other gases (section 4-11). strength limit state: limiting condition affecting the safety of the structure. 4-10.BTH-1-2011 Revisions . sling: an assembly to be used for lifting when connected to a hoist or lifting device at the sling’s upper end and when supporting a load at the sling’s lower end (para. speed. EXAMPLE: 1/2 3 min on. 1-5. for beams not braced against twist or lateral displacement.1). and is judged either to be no longer useful for its intended function (serviceability limit state) or to be unsafe (strength limit state) (para. 2 min off = equals Revisions / Additions – January 16.2). the weight of the load does not include the weight of the lifter (section 4-9.3).2). 1-5. maximum span between supports or points of applied load (para. 5-3. measured between the centers of gravity of the bracing members. [unchanged definitions skipped] 1-5.000 lb.2). excessive deformation. 4-5. For example. 4-10. 1-5. in which the ultimate load carrying capacity is reached (para. and pneumatics. vacuum pad: a device that applies a holding force on the load by means of vacuum (para. instability. 1-5.3 Definitions for Chapter 4 back-driving: a condition where the load imparts motion to the drive system (para.5). 1-5. duty cycle: duty cycle = time on x 100 time on + time off and is expressed as a percentage (para. 3-2. the grip ratio is 2. 3-4. 2011 2 . strength limit state: limiting condition affecting the safety of the structure. force. fatigue. For purposes of this calculation. grip ratio: the ratio of the sum of the horizontal forces on one side of the load to the live weight of the load. 1-5. 1-5. durability. [unchanged definitions skipped] 1-5. drive system: an assembly of components that governs the starting. fluid power: energy transmitted and controlled by means of a pressurized fluid. such as brittle fracture. either liquid or gas. plastic collapse.Attachment 1 . 1-6.1).1).2). 2-2. which uses a pressurized liquid such as oil or water.1).1).2). stopping.1).1-16-11 advisability of which depends on the facts in each situation (para. 4-9. in which the ultimate load carrying capacity is reached (para. [unchanged definitions skipped] vacuum: pressure less than ambient atmospheric pressure (para. 5-2.2 Definitions for Chapter 3 [unchanged definitions skipped] gross area: full cross-sectional area of the member (para. unbraced length: the distance between braced points of a member. 1-5. [unchanged definitions skipped] slip-critical: a type of bolted connection in which shear is transmitted by means of the friction produced between the faying surfaces by the clamping action of the bolts (para.4 Definitions for Chapter 5 [unchanged definitions skipped] control system: an assembly or group of devices that govern or regulate the operation of an apparatus (para. coefficient of static friction: the nondimensional number obtained by dividing the friction force resisting initial motion between two bodies by the normal force pressing the bodies together (para.1). and direction imparted to a moving apparatus (para. vacuum reservoir: the evacuated portion of a vacuum system which functions to compensate for leakage in the vacuum system or to provide a vacuum reserve in the event of vacuum generator failure (para.1). limit state: a condition in which a structure or component becomes unfit for service.000 lb and the live load is 50. stress concentration: localized stress considerably higher than average (even in uniformly loaded cross sections of uniform thickness) due to abrupt changes in geometry or localized loading (para. The term applies to both hydraulics.
Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur and Helical Gear Teeth1 Publisher: American Gear Manufacturers Association (AGMA).3.20-2003 2010. 2011 3 . 3-3. 550 N. 32.3. kips (N) (para.3. Quincy. 32. in. (mm) (para.0).1-16-11 1/2 / (1/2 + 2) x 100 = 20% 3 x 100 = 60% 3+ 2 electromagnet. in. suspended from a crane. New York.2) Lp = maximum laterally unbraced length of a bending member for which the full plastic bending capacity can be realized. VA 22314-1581 ANSI/AWS D14.2) Lb = distance between cross sections braced against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange. 3-2.6). 3-2. National Electrical Code1 Publisher: National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).Attachment 1 . (mm) (para. 5-6. 500 Montgomery Street.5) CLTB = lateral-torsional buckling strength coefficient (para.3. 33. radius of edge of plate (Table 3-5) r = radius of gyration about the axis under consideration. (mm) (para.2).3. Revisions / Additions – January 16.1-1967 (Reaffirmed 1998 2008). ground (grounded): electrically connected to earth or to some conducting body that serves in place of the earth (section 5-5). externally powered: a lifting magnet. in. (mm) (Commentary for para. (mm) (para. 3-3. 25 West 43rd Street. 3-2. Specification for Welding of Industrial and Mill Cranes and Other Material Handling Equipment1 Publisher: American Welding Society (AWS).2) l = (para.1) bf = width of the compression flange.BTH-1-2011 Revisions .3.2) Cb = bending coefficient dependent upon moment gradient (para. Alexandria. 3-2.3. in. in.3. 3-2. 3-2. in.1).1-1997 2005. variable used in the cumulative fatigue analysis (para.2) [unchanged symbols skipped] Pv = allowable double plane shear strength beyond the pinhole.4) [unchanged symbols skipped] J = torsional constant.2) l = the actual unbraced length of the member. radius of curvature of the edge of the plate. in. 3-4. 3-2. MA 022699101 ASME B17. maximum span between supports or points of applied load. (mm) (para. (mm) (para. LeJeune Road.2) Cf = stress category constant for fatigue analysis (para.1) [unchanged symbols skipped] 1-7 REFERENCES The following is a list of publications referenced in this Standard. 3-2.2) Cc = column slenderness ratio separating elastic and inelastic buckling (para. Keys and Keyseats ASME B30. 1 Batterymarch Park. 3-4.4 (mm4) (para. 33.1 Symbols for Chapter 3 [unchanged symbols skipped] beff = effective width to each side of the pinhole.3). (mm) (para.1) K = effective length factor based on the degree of fixity at each end of the member (para.W. uniform moment case (Cb = 1. in. in. that requires power from a source external to the crane (para.3.1) R = distance from the center of the hole to the edge of the plate in the direction of the applied load. 3-2.3. NY 10036. Miami. for beams not braced against twist or lateral displacement. 3-2.2) Cm = coefficient applied to bending term in interaction equation for prismatic member and dependent upon column curvature caused by applied moments (para. ANSI/AGMA 2001-C95. [unchanged definitions skipped] 1-6. Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices1 1 May also be obtained from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). FL 33126 ANSI/NFPA 70-2005 2008.
PA 19428-2959 DIN 6885-1. Vol. Kulak.. Peterson’s Concentration Factors.. NY 10016-5990. Hoboken. Galambos. Contactors. J. No. Industrial Control and Systems: Enclosures MG 1-2003. Revision 1-2004 2006 Rev 1-2007.V..F. Suite 1847 1752.” Journal of the Structural Division.Attachment 1 . “Pinned Connection Strength and Behavior. and Ravindra. 111 River Street. 1877–1891. No. R. Fairfield.” Journal of Structural Engineering.” Journal of Structural Engineering. 1997 2008. Rosslyn.. VA 22209 Pilkey.K. G. Keyways. Heat Treated. 132.1-16-11 Publisher: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 1978. ST9 Revisions / Additions – January 16. 2006. Standard Specification Bolts. P. Alloy Steel. Germany ICS 2-2000 (R2005). Vol. 2011 4 .. R2006). 1978. W.. Steel. S. Three Park Avenue.. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. VA. and Ravindra. New York. M.V. Vol. 120/105 Tensile Strength ASTM A 490.L. Parallel Keys.. “LRFD Criteria for Steel Beam-Columns.D.K. Box 2300. and Kitipornchai. T. (DIN). 10772 Berlin.BTH-1-2011 Revisions .” Journal of the Structural Division.. West Conshohocken. American Society of Civil Engineers. Reston. Inc. “Buckling of Suspended I-Beams. Galambos. and Overload Relays Rated 600 Volts ICS 6-1993 (R2001. 2 Dux.W. Motors and Generators Publisher: National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). Heat Treated. “Load and Resistance Design Criteria for Connectors. M. 104. NJ 07030-5774 [unchanged references skipped] Bjorhovde. NJ 07007-2300 ASTM A 325..V. 104. 116(7). No. D. Industrial Control and Systems: Controllers. Order Department: 22 Law Drive. 1300 North 17th Street. Fisher.. 2nd 3rd edition Stress Publisher: John Wiley & Sons. 150 Tensile Strength for Structural ksi Minimum for Structural ksi Minimum Publisher: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Deep Pattern Publisher: Deutsches Institut für Normung e. Standard Specification Bolts. ST9 Duerr. Drive Type Fastenings Without Taper Action. T. (1990).
BTH-1-2011 Revisions .1-16-11 Chapter 2 Lifter Classifications [No changes for Chapter 2.Attachment 1 .] Revisions / Additions – January 16. 2011 5 .
Commentary: Noncompact shapes that are braced at intervals not exceeding the spacing defined by eqs. as defined by Table 3-1.66ECb N d Lb d A f ( ) ! Fy Nd ! Fy Nd (3-17) Fb = C LTB where 0. and laterally braced at intervals not exceeding Lr for major axis bending as defined by eq.3.00 for beams not braced Lb b f against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange at the ends of the unbraced length if the stem is in tension 1.3 ( d Lb ) I y J CLTB = 1.20 ! 1.75 I x J C LTB = + 0.25 ! 1. 2011 6 . (3-11) for box members is given by eq. For channels bent about the strong axis.00 I x J C LTB = ! 1.00 for beams braced against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange at the ends of the unbraced length 3.59ECb > rT Fy Fb = ! 2 ECb " Fy Nd " Fy Nd (3-16) (3-15) ( B + 1 + B ) " FNaS L EI GJ ( B + 1 + B ) " FNaS L 2 y x d y 2 y b d x (3-18) where a = 1.00 for beams braced against twist or lateral displacement of the compression element at the ends of the unbraced length 0.00 for beams not braced Lb b f against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange at the ends of the unbraced length if the stem is in compression G = shear modulus of elasticity Iy = minor axis moment of inertia Fb = 0.00 for beams not braced Lb b f against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange at the ends of the unbraced length Lb = distance between cross sections braced against twist or lateral displacement of the compression flange.25 if the stem is in tension B= N d ( Lb rT ) 2 Fb = C LTB N d ( Lb rT ) ! 2 ECb 2 For any value of Lb rT ±2. the allowable bending stress is given by eq.Attachment 1 .80 I x J C LTB = + 0. for beams not braced The value B is positive when the stem is in tension and negative when the stem is in compression anywhere along the unbraced length. [unchanged paragraphs skipped] When against twist or lateral displacement.1-16-11 Chapter 3 Structural Design 3-2. The allowable bending stress for members with compact or noncompact sections. loaded through the shear center.2 Strong Axis and W eak Axis Bending of Compact Sections with Unbraced Length Greater than Lp and Noncompact Sections. (3-10) or (3-11) have a limit state moment that equates to outer fiber yield.66ECb N d Lb d A f ( ) CLTB = 1. (3-16) (3-17). The allowable bending stress for members with noncompact sections provides a design Revisions / Additions – January 16.BTH-1-2011 Revisions .0 if the stem is in compression = 1. (3-10) for I-shape members and by eq. (3-9). taken about an axis in the plane of the web bf = width of the compression flange The allowable major axis moment M for tees and double-angle members loaded in the plane of symmetry is M= ! Nd ! Nd EI y GJ b M = C LTB Lb 17. bent about either the major or minor axis. maximum span between supports or points of applied load rT = radius of gyration of a section comprising the compression flange plus 1⁄3 of the compression web area.
Revisions / Additions – January 16. 1992). this value may be taken as the clear distance between flanges less the fillet or corner radius.1-16-11 factor of Nd with respect to outer fiber yielding. The value of a = 1.6 (3-28) Fu Fy Fu Fy Dh ! be be Dh ! be be (3-48) Fv = Fy Nd 3 beff = be 0.Attachment 1 . Eqs.3. Commentary: The allowable shear stress expression is based on CMAA #70. pins.1 Static Strength of the Plates. [unchanged paragraphs skipped] 3-2. The average shear stress Fv on bars. 3-1. the fracture strength beyond the pinhole on a single plane parallel to the line of action of the applied load. and unstiffened plates for which beff ! 4t ! be beff = 4t ! be (3-47) h t ! 2. t = thickness of the plate Methods used to determine the strength of plates subjected to shear forces for which h t ! 2.BTH-1-2011 Revisions . 3-2.4. S. I-shape members and channels bent about the strong axis may fail in lateral torsional buckling.6 Shear on Bars. Tee shape beams show reduced buckling strength at all proportions.. which specifies the allowable shear stress as a function of the shear yield where be = actual width of a pin-connected plate between the edge of the hole and the edge of the plate on a line perpendicular to the line of action of the applied load The width limit of eq. The shear yield stress is based on the Energy of Distortion Theory (Shigley and Mischke. Suspended beams exhibit different behavior with respect to lateral torsional buckling (Dux. P. The strength of a pin-connected plate in the region of the pinhole shall be taken as the least value of the tensile strength of the effective area on a plane through the center of the pinhole perpendicular to the line of action of the applied load. 1990). and Kitipornchai.45 E Fy shall provide a design factor with respect to the limit state of buckling not less than the applicable value given in para.. [unchanged paragraphs skipped] 3-3.45 E Fy shall not exceed beff ! be 0. (3-47) does not apply to plates that are stiffened or otherwise prevented from buckling out of plane. Equations (3-13) through (3-17) define allowable bending compression stresses that provide a design factor of Nd with respect to this limit state. For rolled shapes. and the double plane shear strength beyond the pinhole parallel to the line of action of the applied load. provisions for the design of slender shear elements are not included in the Standard. and Unstiffened Plates. (3-18) defines the allowable moment based on the lesser limit state of lateral torsional buckling (Kitipornchai and Trahair.6 where h = clear depth of the plate parallel to the applied shear force at the section under investigation. 2011 7 . 1980) or yield (Ellifritt. 3-17. 3-16. [unchanged paragraphs skipped] The effective width shall be taken as the smaller of the values calculated as follows: ( Lb b f ) I x J is greater than about 3.3. The allowable moment expression for tees and double angle members eq.3.3. Experience has shown that the members of belowthe-hook lifting devices are not generally composed of slender shear elements. and 3-18 accounts for this reduced buckling strength. et al. I-shape beams show a buckling strength less than that predicted by the standard elastic buckling equations at proportions where stress. 3-10 through 3-18 are based on the behavior of beams that are restrained against twist or lateral displacement at the ends of the unbraced length Lb. Pins. The limiting slenderness ratio of plates in shear is taken from AISC (2000).F. 2001).25 is based on the discussion in Commentary for para. The coefficient CLTB in eqs. Therefore.
opening force) that should be considered. the Lewis Equation coupled with the design factor Nd provides conservative results. and surface conditions of interfacing materials. contamination. Unintended loss of power shall not disconnect the pads pad(s) from the vacuum preservation method reservoir system. 4-10. [unchanged sections skipped] 4-9 GRIP RATIO This section sets forth requirements for the grip ratio. Commentary: Design of other types of lifting devices. 4-11 FLUID POWER SYSTEMS 4-11. tested vacuum pad performance. As an alternative.BTH-1-2011 Revisions . fluid loss.2 Vacuum Preservation Reservoir System The vacuum lifter lifting device shall incorporate a method vacuum reservoir system of sufficient size to prevent the vacuum level under the pads pad(s) from decreasing more than 25% 10% (starting from rated vacuum level) in 5 4 minutes with without primary power off and the vacuum pad(s) attached to on a clean. such as indentation-type lifters.1 Purpose This section identifies requirements of fluid power systems and components for below-the-hook lifting devices. Commentary: This performance-based requirement allows the use of various vacuum preservation methods (e. 2011 8 . and tubes. [unchanged sections skipped] 4-10 VACUUM LIFTING DEVICE DESIGN [unchanged sections skipped] 4-10. dynamic loads. environmental conditions. vacuum reservoir. lifters such as bar tongs and vertical axis coil grabs have other special load handling conditions (e.. and nonporous surface at the rated load. torsion and bending loads of the vacuum pad. or control system failure will not result in uncontrolled movement of the load. hoses.67 Nd.Attachment 1 . Fluid power systems should be designed so that loss of the lifter power source(s). battery backup. the qualified person can use ANSI/AGMA 2001-C95 to provide a more refined analytical approach where the design parameters of the lifter are more constrained. (4-1). Based on a review of a large number of gear designs.). pumps. (b) Each hydraulic fluid power component shall be selected based on the manufacturer’s rating and the maximum pressure applied to that component of the system. compressed air storage.2 Fluid Power Components (a) The lifting device manufacturer or qualified person shall specify system components such as cylinders. Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur and Helical Gear Teeth. 4-11. is not covered in this section. etc. dry. for pressuregripping lifters (friction-type). Commentary: The Committee decided to provide the Lewis formula to the qualified person as a simpler method to size gearing. spur and helical gears may be based upon ANSI/AGMA 2001-C95.20. pipes.g.g. provided that the rating is based on a design factor equal to or greater than 1.3 Vacuum Indicator A vacuum indicator shall be visible to the lifter operator during use and shall continue to function during an unintended loss of power. It shall indicate the presence of the minimum vacuum required for the rated load of the vacuum lifting device. as defined in ASME B30.1-16-11 Chapter 4 Mechanical Design 4-5. Revisions / Additions – January 16. In addition. coefficients of friction. and product temperature can affect the required grip ratio and should be considered during the design by a qualified person. Consideration should be given to conditions such as surface temperatures. Factors such as type and condition of gripping surfaces. valves.4 Relation to Other Standards As an alternative to the Lewis formula in eq.
BTH-1-2011 Revisions . which shall include the maximum sum of all fluid power components possible to actuate at one time. 4-11.1-16-11 (c) Each pneumatic fluid power component shall be selected based on the maximum pressure applied to that component of the system and a rating equal to the manufacturer's rating divided by 0. components. 4-11. 4-11.50 Nd.3 Power Source/Supply Where the lifter uses an external fluid power source that is not part of the below-the-hook lifter. Commentary: Standard hydraulic components are designed with a design factor of 4 (burst pressure / operating pressure). 4-11. shall be detailed in the specifications. piping. Additional indicators may be necessary to allow monitoring of various systems.5 System Guarding Fluid power tubing. The design factor requirement of 1.4 Fluid Pressure Indication If a change in fluid pressure could result in uncontrolled movement of the load. 2011 9 . (d) Components whose failure will not result in uncontrolled movement of the load may be selected based on the manufacturer’s rating. and indicators should be located or guarded to resist damage resulting from collision with other objects and whipping in the event of failure.2(b). Alternately. pneumatic fluid power components may be selected in accordance with para.Attachment 1 .67 Nd defined in this section equates to a required design factor of 5 for Design Category B. the supply requirements. an indicator should be provided to allow the lifter operator to verify that the fluid pressure is sufficient during all stages of lifter use. Revisions / Additions – January 16. The fluid pressure indicator(s) shall be clearly visible or audible.
3 Battery Alarm [unchanged sections skipped] 5-3. (c) Disconnects are not required on externally powered electromagnets operating from a 120 V AC single phase power source. (b) Power supplied to lifting magnets from DC generators can be disconnected by disabling the external powered source connected to the generator. BUTTONS INTERFACE SENSORS. (c) If the crane is remote controlled. The supply requirements shall include the maximum full load amperage draw based on the operating conditions that will create the largest demand on the system.3 Disconnect for Magnet (a) Hoisting equipment with an externally powered electromagnet shall have a separate magnet circuit switch of the enclosed type with provision for locking. [unchanged sections skipped] 5-6. [unchanged sections skipped] 5-4. (a) All lifting magnet controllers should have voltage and amperage indicated.6 Lifting Magnet Controllers Controllers for lifting magnets shall be in accordance with ASME B30.20.1-16-11 Chapter 5 Electrical Components [unchanged sections skipped] 5-1.2 to protect it from unintended operation. AND LIMIT PUSH for discharging the inductive energy of the magnet shall be provided.8 Indicators Indication or signal lights should be provided to indicate power is “on” or “off. 5-3 OPERATOR SWITCHES. flagging. or by providing a circuit switch that disconnects excitation power to the generator and removes all power to the lifting magnet. (b) Provisions shall be made for maintaining the control switch in position per Section 5-3. 2011 10 . The magnet disconnect switch shall be connected on the line side (power supply side) of the hoisting equipment disconnect switch.BTH-1-2011 Revisions . Multiple bulbs may be used to avoid confusion due to a burned-out bulb. or tagging in the open (off) position.” If used. [unchanged sections skipped] 5-7.Attachment 1 . loss of the remote control signal shall not result in deenergizing the lifting magnet. Means Battery backup systems for lifters or lifting magnets shall have an audible or and visible signal to warn the lifter operator when the primary power to the lifter or magnet is being supplied by the backup battery(ies).3 Power Requirements The electrical power supply and control power requirements for operating a lifting device shall be detailed in the specifications. the lights shall be located so that they are visible to the lifter operator. Revisions / Additions – January 16.
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